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Costar (CSGP)

CoStar Group, Inc. is the leading provider of commercial real estate information, analytics and online marketplaces. Founded in 1987, CoStar conducts expansive, ongoing research to produce and maintain the largest and most comprehensive database of commercial real estate information. Its suite of online services enables clients to analyze, interpret and gain unmatched insight on commercial property values, market conditions and current availabilities. STR provides premium data benchmarking, analytics and marketplace insights for the global hospitality sector. Ten-X provides a leading platform for conducting commercial real estate online auctions and negotiated bids. LoopNet is the most heavily trafficked commercial real estate marketplace online. Realla is the UK's most comprehensive commercial property digital marketplace. Apartments.com, ApartmentFinder.com, ForRent.com, ApartmentHomeLiving.com, Westside Rentals, AFTER55.com, CorporateHousing.com, ForRentUniversity.com and Apartamentos.com form the premier online apartment resource for renters seeking great apartment homes and provide property managers and owners a proven platform for marketing their properties. Homesnap is an industry-leading online and mobile software platform that provides user-friendly applications to optimize residential real estate agent workflow and reinforce the agent-client relationship. CoStar Group's websites attract tens of millions of unique monthly visitors. Headquartered in Washington, DC, CoStar maintains offices throughout the U.S. and in Europe, Canada and Asia with a staff of over 4,600 worldwide, including the industry's largest professional research organization.

Company profile

Ticker
CSGP
Exchange
CEO
Andrew C. Florance
Employees
Incorporated
Fiscal year end
Former names
COSTAR GROUP INC, REALTY INFORMATION GROUP INC
SEC CIK
Subsidiaries
CoStar España, S.L. • CoStar Europe Ltd. • CoStar Field Research, LLC • CoStar International, LLC • CoStar Italy S.R.L. • CoStar Limited • CoStar Realty Information Canada Ltd. • CoStar Realty Information, Inc. • CoStar UK Limited • Cozy Insurance Services, LLC ...
IRS number
522091509

CSGP stock data

Calendar

11 Aug 22
24 Sep 22
31 Dec 22
Quarter (USD) Jun 22 Mar 22 Dec 21 Sep 21
Revenue
Cost of revenue
Operating income
Operating margin
Net income
Net profit margin
Cash on hand
Change in cash
Diluted EPS
Annual (USD) Dec 21 Dec 20 Dec 19 Dec 18
Revenue
Cost of revenue
Operating income
Operating margin
Net income
Net profit margin
Cash on hand
Change in cash
Diluted EPS
Date Owner Security Transaction Code Indirect 10b5-1 $Price #Shares $Value #Remaining
14 Sep 22 Christopher J Nassetta Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share Grant Acquire A No No 0 3,880 0 271,060
14 Sep 22 Laura Cox Kaplan Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share Grant Acquire A No No 0 3,542 0 10,681
14 Sep 22 Robert W Musslewhite Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share Grant Acquire A No No 0 3,380 0 8,331
14 Sep 22 Michael R Klein Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share Grant Acquire A No No 0 3,880 0 2,078,647
14 Sep 22 Glosserman Michael J Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share Grant Acquire A No No 0 3,745 0 97,552
13F holders Current Prev Q Change
Total holders 570 568 +0.4%
Opened positions 76 67 +13.4%
Closed positions 74 106 -30.2%
Increased positions 210 238 -11.8%
Reduced positions 196 193 +1.6%
13F shares Current Prev Q Change
Total value 22.49B 29.77B -24.4%
Total shares 371.81M 370.82M +0.3%
Total puts 208.8K 709.1K -70.6%
Total calls 356.6K 610.2K -41.6%
Total put/call ratio 0.6 1.2 -49.6%
Largest owners Shares Value Change
Vanguard 35.22M $2.13B +1.3%
PFG Principal Financial Group Inc - Registered Shares 20.17M $1.22B +7.6%
BLK Blackrock 20.16M $1.22B -2.2%
Bamco 19.24M $1.16B +2.1%
TROW T. Rowe Price 16.26M $982.31M -12.6%
JHG Janus Henderson 14.66M $885.46M -1.8%
Baillie Gifford & Co 13.16M $794.87M -1.9%
Sands Capital Management 10.49M $633.47M -1.8%
Massachusetts Financial Services 9.97M $602.04M +7.0%
BEN Franklin Resources 8.93M $539.65M -7.4%
Largest transactions Shares Bought/sold Change
Select Equity 454.34K -5.91M -92.9%
Farallon Capital Management 4.96M +4.96M NEW
Akre Capital Management 7.11M -2.56M -26.4%
TROW T. Rowe Price 16.26M -2.34M -12.6%
Melvin Capital Management 0 -2.21M EXIT
American Century Companies 5.02M +2.2M +78.1%
Citadel Advisors 2.91M +2.2M +311.6%
Vulcan Value Partners 5.02M -1.91M -27.5%
PFG Principal Financial Group Inc - Registered Shares 20.17M +1.42M +7.6%
Veritas Asset Management 4.02M -1.16M -22.5%

Financial report summary

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Competition
RealPageRedfinAppfolioRightmoveZumperZillowTruss
Risks
  • Our public stockholders may not be afforded an opportunity to vote on our proposed initial business combination, which means we may complete our initial business combination even though a majority of our public stockholders do not support such a combination.
  • If we seek stockholder approval of our initial business combination, our initial stockholders have agreed to vote in favor of such initial business combination, regardless of how our public stockholders vote.
  • Your only opportunity to affect the investment decision regarding a potential business combination will be limited to the exercise of your right to redeem your shares from us for cash, unless we seek stockholder approval of the initial business combination.
  • The ability of our public stockholders to redeem their shares for cash may make our financial condition unattractive to potential business combination targets, which may make it difficult for us to enter into an initial business combination with a target.
  • The ability of our public stockholders to exercise redemption rights with respect to a large number of our shares may not allow us to complete the most desirable business combination or optimize our capital structure, and may substantially dilute your investment in us.
  • The ability of our public stockholders to exercise redemption rights with respect to a large number of our shares could increase the probability that our initial business combination would be unsuccessful and that you would have to wait for liquidation in order to redeem your stock.
  • The requirement that we complete our initial business combination within the prescribed timeframe may give potential target businesses leverage over us in negotiating an initial business combination and may decrease our ability to conduct due diligence on potential business combination targets as we approach our dissolution deadline, which could undermine our ability to complete our initial business combination on terms that would produce value for our stockholders.
  • We may not be able to complete our initial business combination within the prescribed timeframe, in which case we would cease all operations except for the purpose of winding up and we would redeem our Public Shares and liquidate, in which case our public stockholders may only receive $10.00 per share, or less than such amount in certain circumstances, and our warrants will expire worthless.
  • If a stockholder fails to receive notice of our offer to redeem our Public Shares in connection with our initial business combination, or fails to comply with the procedures for tendering its shares, such shares may not be redeemed.
  • If we seek stockholder approval of our initial business combination and we do not conduct redemptions pursuant to the tender offer rules, and if you or a “group” of stockholders are deemed to hold in excess of 15% of our Class A common stock, you will lose the ability to redeem all such shares in excess of 15% of our Class A common stock.
  • Because of our special purpose acquisition company structure and limited resources and the significant competition for business combination opportunities, it may be more difficult for us to complete our initial business combination. If we do not complete our initial business combination, our public stockholders may receive only approximately $10.00 per share on our redemption of our Public Shares, or less than such amount in certain circumstances, and our warrants will expire worthless.
  • If the net proceeds of the Initial Public Offering and the sale of the Private Placement Warrants not being held in the Trust Account are insufficient to allow us to operate for at least the next 24 months following the closing of the Initial Public Offering, we may be unable to complete our initial business combination, in which case our public stockholders may only receive $10.00 per share, or less than such amount in certain circumstances, and our warrants will expire worthless.
  • If the net proceeds of the Initial Public Offering and the sale of the Private Placement Warrants not being held in the Trust Account are insufficient, it could limit the amount available to fund our search for a target business or businesses and complete our initial business combination and we will depend on loans from our Sponsor or management team to fund our search for an initial business combination, to pay our franchise and income taxes and to complete our initial business combination. If we are unable to obtain these loans, we may be unable to complete our initial business combination.
  • If third parties bring claims against us, the proceeds held in the Trust Account could be reduced and the per-share redemption amount received by stockholders may be less than $10.00 per share.
  • Our directors may decide not to enforce the indemnification obligations of our Sponsor, resulting in a reduction in the amount of funds in the Trust Account available for distribution to our public stockholders.
  • The securities in which we invest the proceeds held in the Trust Account could bear a negative rate of interest, which could reduce the interest income available for payment of taxes or reduce the value of the assets held in trust such that the per share redemption amount received by public stockholders may be less than $10.00 per share.
  • If, after we distribute the proceeds in the Trust Account to our public stockholders, we file a bankruptcy petition or an involuntary bankruptcy petition is filed against us that is not dismissed, a bankruptcy court may seek to recover such proceeds, and we and our board may be exposed to claims of punitive damages.
  • If, before distributing the proceeds in the Trust Account to our public stockholders, we file a bankruptcy petition or an involuntary bankruptcy petition is filed against us that is not dismissed, the claims of creditors in such proceeding may have priority over the claims of our stockholders and the per-share amount that would otherwise be received by our stockholders in connection with our liquidation may be reduced.
  • If we are deemed to be an investment company under the Investment Company Act, we may be required to institute burdensome compliance requirements and our activities may be restricted, which may make it difficult for us to complete our initial business combination.
  • If we have not completed an initial business combination within 24 months from the closing of the Initial Public Offering, our public stockholders may be forced to wait beyond such 24 months before redemption from our Trust Account.
  • Our stockholders may be held liable for claims by third parties against us to the extent of distributions received by them upon redemption of their shares.
  • We have not and do not expect to register the shares of Class A common stock issuable upon exercise of the warrants under the Securities Act or any state securities laws at this time, and any such registration may not be in place when an investor desires to exercise warrants, thus precluding such investor from being able to exercise its warrants except on a cashless basis. If the issuance of the shares upon exercise of warrants is not registered, qualified or exempt from registration or qualification, the holder of such warrant will not be entitled to exercise such warrant and such warrant may have no value and expire worthless.
  • The warrants may become exercisable and redeemable for a security other than the shares of Class A common stock, and you will not have any information regarding such other security at this time.
  • If you exercise your Public Warrants on a “cashless basis,” you will receive fewer shares of Class A common stock from such exercise than if you were to exercise such warrants for cash.
  • The grant of registration rights to our initial stockholders may make it more difficult to complete our initial business combination, and the future exercise of such rights may adversely affect the market price of our Class A common stock.
  • Any stockholders who choose to remain stockholders following our initial business combination could suffer a reduction in the value of their securities.
  • We may seek business combination opportunities in industries or sectors which may or may not be outside of our management team’s area of expertise.
  • Although we have identified general criteria and guidelines that we believe are important in evaluating prospective target businesses, we may enter into our initial business combination with a target that does not meet such criteria and guidelines, and as a result, the target business with which we enter into our initial business combination may not have attributes consistent with our general criteria and guidelines.
  • We may seek business combination opportunities with a financially unstable business or an entity lacking an established record of revenue, cash flow or earnings, which could subject us to volatile revenues, cash flows or earnings or difficulty in retaining key personnel.
  • We are not required to obtain an opinion from an independent investment banking firm or from an independent accounting firm, and consequently, you may have no assurance from an independent source that the price we are paying for the business is fair to our Company from a financial point of view.
  • We may issue additional common stock or preferred stock to complete our initial business combination or under an employee incentive plan after completion of our initial business combination. We may also issue shares of Class A common stock upon the conversion of the Class B common stock at a ratio greater than one-to-one at the time of our initial business combination as a result of the anti-dilution provisions contained in our amended and restated certificate of incorporation. Any such issuances would dilute the interest of our stockholders and likely present other risks.
  • We may issue our shares to investors in connection with our initial business combination at a price which is less than the prevailing market price of our shares at that time.
  • Resources could be wasted in researching business combinations that are not completed, which could materially adversely affect subsequent attempts to locate and acquire or merge with another business. If we do not complete our initial business combination, our public stockholders may receive only approximately $10.00 per share, or less than such amount in certain circumstances, on the liquidation of our Trust Account and our warrants will expire worthless.
  • We may engage in an initial business combination with one or more target businesses that have relationships with entities that our Sponsor, officers, directors or existing holders are affiliated with or otherwise have a commercial interest in, which may raise potential conflicts of interest.
  • We may engage one or more of our underwriters from the Initial Public Offering or one of their respective affiliates to provide additional services to us, which may include acting as financial advisor in connection with an initial business combination or as placement agent in connection with a related financing transaction. Our underwriters are entitled to receive deferred commissions that will be released from the trust only on a completion of an initial business combination. These financial incentives may cause them to have potential conflicts of interest in rendering any such additional services to us after this offering, including, for example, in connection with the sourcing and consummation of an initial business combination.
  • Since our Sponsor and its investors and our directors will lose their entire at-risk investment in us if our initial business combination is not completed, a conflict of interest may arise in determining whether a particular business combination target is appropriate for our initial business combination.
  • We may issue notes or other debt securities, or otherwise incur substantial debt, to complete an initial business combination, which may adversely affect our leverage and financial condition and thus negatively impact the value of our stockholders’ investment in us.
  • We may only be able to complete one business combination with the proceeds of the Initial Public Offering and the sale of the Private Placement Warrants which will cause us to be solely dependent on a single business which may have a limited number of services and limited operating activities. This lack of diversification may negatively impact our operating results and profitability.
  • We may attempt to simultaneously complete business combinations with multiple prospective targets, which may hinder our ability to complete our initial business combination and give rise to increased costs and risks that could negatively impact our operations and profitability.
  • We may attempt to complete our initial business combination with a private company about which little information is available, which may result in an initial business combination with a company that is not as profitable as we suspected, if at all.
  • We do not have a specified maximum redemption threshold. The absence of such a redemption threshold may make it possible for us to complete an initial business combination with which a substantial majority of our stockholders do not agree.
  • In order to effectuate an initial business combination, blank check companies have, in the recent past, amended various provisions of their charters and other governing instruments. We cannot assure you that we will not seek to amend our amended and restated certificate of incorporation or governing instrument in a manner that will make it easier for us to complete our initial business combination that some of our stockholders or warrant holders may not support.
  • The provisions of our amended and restated certificate of incorporation that relate to our pre-business combination activity (and corresponding provisions of the agreement governing the release of funds from our Trust Account), including an amendment to permit us to withdraw funds from the Trust Account such that the per share amount investors will receive upon any redemption or liquidation is substantially reduced or eliminated, may be amended with the approval of holders of 65% of our common stock, which is a lower amendment threshold than that of some other blank check companies. It may be easier for us, therefore, to amend our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and the trust agreement to facilitate the completion of an initial business combination that some of our stockholders may not support.
  • We may be unable to obtain additional financing to complete our initial business combination or to fund the operations and growth of a target business, which could compel us to restructure or abandon a particular business combination.
  • Holders of Class A common stock will not be entitled to vote on any election of directors we hold prior to our initial business combination and, upon consummation of our initial business combination, our initial stockholders will have certain rights to designate individuals for nomination for election as directors.
  • Our initial stockholders will hold a substantial interest in us and will control the appointment of our board of directors until consummation of our initial business combination. As a result, they will appoint all of our directors prior
  • Because we must furnish our stockholders with target business financial statements, we may lose the ability to complete an otherwise advantageous initial business combination with some prospective target businesses.
  • Compliance obligations under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act may make it more difficult for us to effectuate our initial business combination, require substantial financial and management resources, and increase the time and costs of completing an initial business combination.
  • Our independent registered public accounting firm’s report contains an explanatory paragraph that expresses substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a “going concern.”
  • Subsequent to the completion of our initial business combination, we may be required to take write-downs or write-offs, restructuring and impairment or other charges that could have a significant negative effect on our financial condition, results of operations, prospects and our stock price, which could cause you to lose some or all of your investment.
  • Our management may not be able to maintain control of a target business after our initial business combination.
  • We may have a limited ability to assess the management of a prospective target business and, as a result, may affect our initial business combination with a target business whose management may not have the skills, qualifications or abilities to manage a public company, which could, in turn, negatively impact the value of our stockholders’ investment in us.
  • Our Sponsor and its members’ affiliates, including the Sponsor Participants, may have incentives to take increased investment risk and to complete a transaction on terms that are less favorable to you in order to complete a transaction within the specified time period to avoid losing their investment.
  • A member of our Sponsor and certain members of our board of directors are affiliated with the KKR Group, which could create potential conflicts of interest, including without limitation with our search for an initial business combination.
  • We are not an investment advisory client of KKR, FIS Holdings or our Sponsor under the Investment Advisers Act, and we are not an investment company under the Investment Company Act.
  • We have limited or no rights to require support or services from our Sponsor or any Sponsor Participant.
  • Upon completion of an initial business combination, our relationship with the Sponsor Participants may change materially, which may adversely impact our future operating results.
  • You should not expect that we have any right to any investment opportunity that is or may be suitable for the Sponsor Participants, and you should expect that we will only be able to pursue an opportunity if the Sponsor Participants, in their sole discretion, decline to pursue it or make available to us a co-investment opportunity after such Sponsor Participant has taken its desired allocation of the investment.
  • The Sponsor Participants may invest in different levels of our capital structure or the capital structure of a business we seek to acquire.
  • We will pay and reimburse the Sponsor and the Sponsor Participants for certain fees and expenses, including as permitted by our access agreement with our Sponsor, related to identifying, investigating and completing an initial business combination and otherwise in connection with our business, which expenses may be allocated to us in the Sponsor Participants’ sole discretion. This could create a conflict of interest because the Sponsor Participants will be incentivized to allocate any such expenses to us, rather than to their other respective affiliates.
  • Past performance by KKR and the KKR Funds, as well as our management team, directors and advisors, is not indicative of future performance of an investment in the Company or in the future performance of any business we may acquire.
  • Past performance by FIS Holdings and Mr. Murphy is not indicative of future performance of an investment in the Company or in the future performance of any business we may acquire.
  • We are dependent upon our officers and directors and their departure could adversely affect our ability to operate.
  • Our ability to successfully effect our initial business combination and to be successful thereafter will be totally dependent upon the efforts of our key personnel, some of whom may join us following our initial business combination. The loss of key personnel could negatively impact the operations and profitability of our post-combination business.
  • Our key personnel may negotiate employment, consulting or other agreements as well as reimbursement of out-of-pocket expenses, if any, with a target business in connection with a particular business combination. These agreements may provide for them to receive compensation or reimbursement for out-of-pocket expenses, if any, following our initial business combination and as a result, may cause them to have conflicts of interest in determining whether a particular business combination is the most advantageous.
  • Our officers and directors will allocate their time to other businesses thereby causing conflicts of interest in their determination as to how much time to devote to our affairs. This conflict of interest could have a negative impact on our ability to complete our initial business combination.
  • Certain of our officers and directors are now, and all of them may in the future become, affiliated with entities engaged in business activities similar to those intended to be conducted by us and, accordingly, may have conflicts of interest in allocating their time and determining to which entity a particular business opportunity should be presented.
  • Our officers, directors, security holders and their respective affiliates may have competitive pecuniary interests that conflict with our interests.
  • You will not have any rights or interests in funds from the Trust Account, except under certain limited circumstances. To liquidate your investment, therefore, you may be forced to sell your Public Shares or warrants, potentially at a loss.
  • The NYSE may delist our securities from trading on its exchange, which could limit investors’ ability to make transactions in our securities and subject us to additional trading restrictions.
  • The nominal purchase price paid by our Sponsor for the Class B common stock may significantly dilute the implied value of the Public Shares in the event we consummate an initial business combination, and our Sponsor is likely to make a substantial profit on its investment in us in the event we consummate an initial business combination, even if the business combination causes the trading price of our common stock to materially decline.
  • We may amend the terms of the warrants in a manner that may be adverse to holders of Public Warrants with the approval by the holders of at least 50% of the then outstanding Public Warrants. As a result, the exercise price of your warrants could be increased, the exercise period could be shortened and the number of shares of our Class A common stock purchasable upon exercise of a warrant could be decreased, all without your approval.
  • A provision of our warrant agreement may make it more difficult for us to consummate an initial business combination.
  • We may redeem your unexpired warrants prior to their exercise at a time that is disadvantageous to you, thereby making your warrants worthless.
  • Our warrants and Class B common stock may have an adverse effect on the market price of our Class A common stock and make it more difficult to effectuate our initial business combination.
  • Because each Unit contains one-fourth of one redeemable warrant and only a whole warrant may be exercised, the Units may be worth less than Units of other blank check companies.
  • Our warrants are accounted for as liabilities and the changes in value of our warrants could have a material effect on our financial results and thus may have an adverse effect on the market price of our securities.
  • We are a recently formed company with no operating history and no revenues, and you have no basis on which to evaluate our ability to achieve our business objective.
  • As the number of special purpose acquisition companies evaluating targets increases, attractive targets may become scarcer and there may be more competition for attractive targets. This could increase the valuations of business combination targets and the cost of our initial business combination, and could even result in our inability to find a target or to consummate an initial business combination.
  • Changes in the market for directors and officers liability insurance could make it more difficult and more expensive for us to negotiate and complete an initial business combination.
  • Cyber incidents or attacks directed at us could result in information theft, data corruption, operational disruption and/or financial loss.
  • We are an emerging growth company within the meaning of the Securities Act, and take advantage of certain exemptions from disclosure requirements available to emerging growth companies, which could make our securities less attractive to investors and may make it more difficult to compare our performance with other public companies.
  • Our warrant agreement designates the Supreme Court of New York County in the State of New York or the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York as the sole and exclusive forum for certain types of actions and proceedings that may be initiated by holders of our warrants, which could limit the ability of warrant holders to obtain a judicial forum for disputes with our company that the warrant holders believe is favorable.
  • Provisions in our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and Delaware law may inhibit a takeover of us, which could limit the price investors might be willing to pay in the future for our Class A common stock and could entrench management.
  • Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation requires, to the fullest extent permitted by law, that derivative actions brought in our name, actions against our directors, officers, other employees or stockholders for breach of fiduciary duty and other similar actions may be brought only in the Court of Chancery in the State of Delaware and, if brought outside of Delaware, the stockholder bringing the suit will be deemed to have consented to service of process on such stockholder’s counsel, which may have the effect of discouraging lawsuits against our directors, officers, other employees or stockholders.
  • Since only holders of our Class B common stock have the right to vote on the election of directors, the NYSE considers us to be a ‘controlled company’ within the meaning of the NYSE rules and, as a result, we qualify for exemptions from certain corporate governance requirements.
  • If we effect our initial business combination with a company with operations or opportunities outside of the United States, we would be subject to a variety of additional risks that may negatively impact our operations.
Management Discussion
  • Our entire activity since inception through June 30, 2022 related to our formation, the preparation for the Initial Public Offering, and since the closing of the Initial Public Offering, the search for a prospective initial Business Combination. We have neither engaged in any operations nor generated any revenues to date. We will not generate any operating revenues until after completion of our initial Business Combination. We will generate non-operating income in the form of gain on investment (net), dividends and interest held in Trust Account. We expect to incur increased expenses as a result of being a public company (for legal, financial reporting, accounting and auditing compliance), as well as for due diligence expenses related to prospective business combination candidates. There can be no assurance that our plans to complete a Business Combination will be successful.

Content analysis

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Positive
Negative
Uncertain
Constraining
Legalese
Litigous
Readability
Coll. sophomore Bad
New words: month
Removed: inclusion
Proxies
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Patents

Utility
Placard-to-Pin Interaction
6 May 21
Methods, systems, and apparatus for receiving a query; selecting one or more entities responsive to the query; providing, for display on a map portion of an interface, map-based representations of the one or more entities; providing, for display on a list portion of the interface, list-based representations of one or more of the entities; generating an additional query based on selection of a particular map-based representation of a particular entity; determining that, when the particular map-based representation was selected, a particular list-based representation was visible on the list portion; adjusting a ranking score for the particular entity; ranking the particular entity among one or more other entities identified as responsive to the additional query; and providing, for display on the list portion, list-based representations of at least one of the one or more other entities, including the particular list-based representation which remains visible on the list portion.
Utility
Uniform Resource Identifier Encoding
6 May 21
Methods, systems, and apparatus, including computer programs encoded on a computer storage medium, for receiving a query including search parameters; selecting one or more of the search parameters; for each of the selected parameters: generating a natural language representation of the selected parameter, and determining a rank of the selected parameter among the one or more selected parameters; generating a uniform resource identifier comprising the natural language representations of the selected parameters arranged in an order based on the ranks; obtaining one or more search results identified as responsive to the query; and providing the uniform resource identifier and the one or more search results for output.