Zovio, Inc. provides postsecondary education services. Through Ashford University and University of the RockiesSM, it offers online programs such as contemporary college experience. Its services also include mobile and other learning platform for students. The company was founded by Wayne Clugston and Andrew S. Clark in May 1999 and is headquartered in San Diego, CA.
We have identified material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting which resulted in the restatement of previously issued financial statements. If our remedial measures are insufficient to address the material weaknesses, or if additional material weaknesses or significant deficiencies in our internal control over financial reporting are discovered or occur in the future, our consolidated financial statements may contain material misstatements and we could be required to further restate our financial results, which could adversely affect our stock price and result in an inability to maintain compliance with applicable stock exchange listing requirements.
If our institution fails to comply with applicable regulatory requirements, they could face monetary liabilities or penalties, operational restrictions, or loss of eligibility to participate in Title IV programs from which we derive most of our revenue.
Our institution must periodically seek recertification to participate in Title IV programs and may, in certain circumstances, be subject to review or other action by the Department in connection with such recertification.
Ashford University is provisionally certified by the Department, which may make it more vulnerable to unfavorable Department action and place additional regulatory burdens on its operations.
Our institution's failure to maintain accreditation would denigrate the value of their educational programs and result in a loss of eligibility to participate in Title IV programs.
If WSCUC loses recognition by the Department, our institution could lose its ability to participate in Title IV programs.
Our institution may lose eligibility to participate in Title IV programs or face other sanctions if it is not legally authorized to operate in the states in which it is physically located.
Our failure to comply with the regulations of various states where we are not physically located could preclude us from recruiting or enrolling students in those states or result in such students being ineligible to receive Title IV funds.
Ashford University is approved by the BPPE to operate in California, which presents a greater reporting burden and may subject the university to increased regulatory or political scrutiny.
Our institution could lose eligibility to participate in Title IV programs or face other sanctions if it derives more than 90% of its respective cash revenues from these programs.
Our institution may lose eligibility to participate in Title IV programs if too many students default on their loans.
The failure of our institution to demonstrate financial responsibility may result in a loss of eligibility to participate in Title IV programs or require the posting of a letter of credit in order to maintain eligibility to participate in Title IV programs.
If we fail to maintain adequate systems and processes to detect and prevent fraudulent activity in student enrollment and financial aid, our business could be adversely impacted.
Our institution could lose eligibility to participate in Title IV programs or face other sanctions if it pays incentive compensation to persons or entities involved in certain recruiting, admissions or financial aid awarding activities.
Our institution may lose eligibility to participate in Title IV programs or face other sanctions if the Department or other federal agencies determine they have misrepresented the nature of educational programs, financial charges or graduate employability.
Our institution may lose eligibility to participate in Title IV programs or face other sanctions if it fails to correctly calculate and timely return Title IV program funds for students who withdraw before completing their educational program.
Our institution may be required to modify or eliminate certain programs, or certain programs may lose Title IV eligibility, if they do not lead to gainful employment in a recognized occupation, as determined by the Department.
The reinstatement of the 2016 regulations regarding borrower defense to repayment expand the circumstances in which students may assert a defense to repayment against an institution and provide that certain conditions or events could trigger, automatically or in some cases at the Department’s discretion, a requirement that an institution post a letter of credit or other security that could result in the imposition of significant restrictions on us and our ability to operate.
The Department’s new regulations regarding borrower defense to repayment may expand the circumstances in which students may assert a defense to repayment against an institution and may also provide that certain conditions or events could trigger a requirement that an institution post a letter of credit or other security that could result in the imposition of significant restrictions on us and our ability to operate.
Our institution cannot offer new programs, expand its physical operations into certain states or acquire additional schools if such actions are not approved in a timely fashion by the applicable regulatory agencies, and Title IV funds disbursed to students enrolled in any such programs, states or acquired schools may have to be repaid if prior approval is not obtained.
If regulators do not approve, or if they delay their approval of, transactions involving a change of control of our company, our ability to participate in Title IV programs may be impaired.
Governmental proceedings or other claims and lawsuits asserting regulatory noncompliance could result in monetary liabilities or penalties, injunctions or loss of Title IV funding for students at our institution.
Additional regulations or regulatory scrutiny resulting from action by the Department could result in increased compliance costs, fines, sanctions or lawsuits, which could have a material adverse effect on enrollments and our revenues, financial condition, cash flows and results of operations.
Any action by Congress to revise the laws governing Title IV programs or to reduce funding for these programs could negatively impact our business.
Our regulatory environment and our reputation may be negatively influenced by the actions of other postsecondary institutions.
Our financial performance depends on our ability to continue to develop awareness among, and to recruit and retain, students; adverse publicity may negatively impact demand for our institution's programs.
We face litigation and legal proceedings that could have a material adverse effect on enrollments and our revenues, financial condition, cash flows and results of operations.
As a percentage of revenues, our bad debt expense is high relative to our competitors. If we are unable to remedy the underlying causes, our bad debt expense could increase, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, cash flows and results of operations.
A failure of our information systems to properly store, process and report relevant data may reduce our management’s effectiveness, interfere with our regulatory compliance and increase our operating expenses.
Our institution relies on a third-party vendor to provide the online learning platform for students and related support and hosting.
We are subject to laws and regulations as a result of our collection and use of personal information, and any violations of such laws or regulations, or any security or cybersecurity breach, theft or loss of such information, could adversely affect our business.
Changes in accounting principles and guidance could result in unfavorable accounting charges or effects.
System disruptions and vulnerability from security risks to our technology infrastructure could damage the reputation of our institution and negatively impact our business.
Our expenses may cause us to incur additional operating losses if we do not realize our expected revenues.
Intense competition in the postsecondary education market, especially in the online education market, could decrease our market share, increase our cost of recruiting students and put downward pressure on our tuition rates.
We may not be able to retain our key personnel or hire and retain the personnel we need to sustain and grow our business.
If we are unable to hire new employees or to continue to develop existing employees responsible for student recruitment, the effectiveness of our new enrollment efforts would be adversely affected.
A decline in the overall growth of enrollment in postsecondary institutions, or in the number of students seeking degrees online or in our core disciplines, could cause us to experience a further decline in enrollment at our institution.
Our success depends in part on our institution's ability to update and expand the content of existing programs and to develop new programs and specializations on a timely basis and in a cost-effective manner.
Our failure to keep pace with changing market needs could harm our institution's ability to attract students.
We may be unable to sufficiently protect our proprietary rights and we may encounter disputes from time to time relating to our use of the intellectual property of third parties.
We may incur liability for the unauthorized duplication or distribution of class materials posted online for class discussions.
Government regulations relating to the Internet could increase our cost of doing business, affect our ability to grow or otherwise have a material adverse effect on our business.
We may require additional financing in the future and if such financing is not available on terms acceptable to us, it could adversely affect our ability to grow.
A protracted economic slowdown and rising unemployment could lead to lower enrollment and impact our students' ability to repay their loans.
If we fail to effectively identify, pursue and consummate acquisitions, either in the U.S. or outside of the U.S., our ability to grow could be impacted and our profitability may be adversely affected.
The acquisition, integration and growth of acquired businesses may present challenges that could harm our business.
An increase in interest rates could adversely affect our institution's ability to attract and retain students.
We are involved in pending securities litigation and an adverse resolution of such litigation may adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.
The price of our common stock has fluctuated significantly in the past and may continue to do so in the future. As a result, you could lose all or part of your investment.
Sales of outstanding shares of our common stock into the market in the future could cause the market price of our stock to drop significantly, even if our business is doing well.
If securities or industry analysts change their recommendations regarding our common stock adversely or cease to cover our company, or if our operating results do not meet their expectations, our stock price could decline.
We currently do not intend to pay dividends on our common stock and, consequently, your only opportunity to achieve a return on your investment in our common stock is if the price of our common stock appreciates.
Your percentage ownership in the Company may be diluted by future issuances of capital stock, which could reduce your influence over matters on which stockholders vote.
Our common stock has relatively low trading volume, compared to many other public companies
Provisions in our certificate of incorporation and bylaws and Delaware law may discourage, delay or prevent a change of control of our company or changes in our management and, therefore, may depress the trading price of our stock.
The Proposed Transaction is subject to the receipt of regulatory approvals that if not obtained, could delay or prevent its consummation, and an excessive delay in finalizing the Proposed Transaction could disrupt our business during its pendency.
If the Proposed Transaction is consummated, we will be subject to various risks and uncertainties arising out of the changes in the structure of our operations, any of which could materially and adversely affect our business and operations, and our stock price.
If the Department does not approve the change of control related to the Proposed Transaction and recertify Ashford University to continue participating in the Title IV programs, its students would lose their access to Title IV program funds, or there are significant limitations as a condition of Ashford University’s continued participation in the Title IV programs, as a service provider to Ashford University, our business, financial condition and results of operations, as well as our stock price, could be materially and adversely affected.
Revenue. Our revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, was $107.5 million and $119.0 million, respectively, representing a decrease of $11.5 million, or 9.7%. The decrease between periods was primarily due to a decrease of 6.1% in average weekly enrollment from 40,777 students for the three month period ended June 30, 2018 to 38,304 students for the three month period ended June 30, 2019. As a result of the decrease in enrollments, tuition revenue decreased by approximately $6.2 million, as well as a decrease in net revenue generated from course digital materials of approximately $0.7 million. The decrease in revenue between periods was also due to higher scholarships for the period, an increase of $7.1 million. The overall revenue decrease was partially offset by net revenue from subsidiaries of $2.6 million, as well as a tuition increase, effective as of January 1, 2019.