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Coinbase Global (COIN)

Coinbase is building the cryptoeconomy – a more fair, accessible, efficient, and transparent financial system enabled by crypto. The company started in 2012 with the radical idea that anyone, anywhere, should be able to easily and securely send and receive Bitcoin. Today, Coinbase offers a trusted and easy-to-use platform for accessing the broader cryptoeconomy.

Company profile

Ticker
COIN
Exchange
Employees
Incorporated
Location
Fiscal year end
Industry (SIC)
SEC CIK
Subsidiaries
Coinbase, Inc. • Coinbase Capital Markets Corporation • Coinbase Securities, Inc. • FairXchange, LLC • LMX Labs, LLC ...
IRS number
464707224

COIN stock data

Investment data

Data from SEC filings
Securities sold
Number of investors

Calendar

10 May 22
29 Jun 22
31 Dec 22
Quarter (USD) Mar 22 Dec 21 Sep 21 Jun 21
Revenue
Cost of revenue
Operating income
Operating margin
Net income
Net profit margin
Cash on hand
Change in cash
Diluted EPS
Annual (USD) Dec 21
Revenue
Cost of revenue
Operating income
Operating margin
Net income
Net profit margin
Cash on hand
Change in cash
Diluted EPS
Cash burn rate (est.) Burn method: Change in cash Burn method: Operating income Burn method: FCF (opex + capex)
Last Q Avg 4Q Last Q Avg 4Q Last Q Avg 4Q
Cash on hand (at last report) 16.17B 16.17B 16.17B 16.17B 16.17B 16.17B
Cash burn (monthly) 504.59M (no burn) 203.15M (no burn) 276.7M (no burn)
Cash used (since last report) 1.5B n/a 602.7M n/a 820.93M n/a
Cash remaining 14.67B n/a 15.56B n/a 15.35B n/a
Runway (months of cash) 29.1 n/a 76.6 n/a 55.5 n/a

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Date Owner Security Transaction Code Indirect 10b5-1 $Price #Shares $Value #Remaining
1 Jun 22 Lutke Tobias Class A Common Stock Option exercise Acquire M No No 0 522 0 522
1 Jun 22 Lutke Tobias RSU Class A Common Stock Option exercise Dispose M No No 0 522 0 0
1 Jun 22 Lutke Tobias RSU Class A Common Stock Grant Acquire A No No 0 4,371 0 4,371
1 Jun 22 Frederick Ernest Ehrsam III RSU Class A Common Stock Grant Acquire A No No 0 4,662 0 4,662
1 Jun 22 Kathryn Haun RSU Class A Common Stock Grant Acquire A No No 0 4,953 0 4,953
1 Jun 22 Kramer Kelly A. RSU Class A Common Stock Grant Acquire A No No 0 4,880 0 4,880
1 Jun 22 Gokul Rajaram RSU Class A Common Stock Grant Acquire A No No 0 4,589 0 4,589
64.8% owned by funds/institutions
13F holders Current Prev Q Change
Total holders 753 860 -12.4%
Opened positions 157 323 -51.4%
Closed positions 264 108 +144.4%
Increased positions 284 251 +13.1%
Reduced positions 176 194 -9.3%
13F shares Current Prev Q Change
Total value 14.45B 21.29B -32.1%
Total shares 112.49M 120.93M -7.0%
Total puts 9.08M 8.3M +9.4%
Total calls 9.11M 7.74M +17.7%
Total put/call ratio 1.0 1.1 -7.0%
Largest owners Shares Value Change
Brian Armstrong 25.19M $0 0.0%
Andreessen Horowitz Fund III 10.86M $0 0.0%
AH Equity Partners III, L.L.C. 10.86M $2.06B 0.0%
ARK Investment Management 6.98M $1.33B +28.0%
Vanguard 6.03M $1.14B +4.5%
MS Morgan Stanley 5.15M $977.32M +16.3%
Nikko Asset Management Americas 4.9M $927.43M +13.5%
Paradigm Operations 2.54M $483.15M 0.0%
FMR 2.52M $478.93M -46.1%
Equity Partners LSV I, L.L.C. AH 2.26M $429.7M 0.0%
Largest transactions Shares Bought/sold Change
CMTDF Sumitomo Mitsui Trust 0 -4.43M EXIT
FMR 2.52M -2.16M -46.1%
Tiger Global Management 836.6K -2.03M -70.8%
ARK Investment Management 6.98M +1.53M +28.0%
BCS Barclays 898.14K +898.14K NEW
Wellington Management 698.76K -756.44K -52.0%
MS Morgan Stanley 5.15M +721.88K +16.3%
Fred Alger Management 0 -687.47K EXIT
Susquehanna International 851.89K +622.5K +271.4%
Conrad N. Hilton Foundation 0 -622.22K EXIT

Financial report summary

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Risks
  • The Most Material Risks Related to Our Business and Financial Position
  • Our operating results have and will significantly fluctuate due to the highly volatile nature of crypto.
  • Our total revenue is substantially dependent on the prices of crypto assets and volume of transactions conducted on our platform. If such price or volume declines, our business, operating results, and financial condition would be adversely affected.
  • A meaningful concentration of our net revenue is from transactions in Bitcoin and Ethereum. If demand for these crypto assets declines and is not replaced by new demand for crypto assets, our business, operating results, and financial condition could be adversely affected.
  • The future development and growth of crypto is subject to a variety of factors that are difficult to predict and evaluate. If crypto does not grow as we expect, our business, operating results, and financial condition could be adversely affected.
  • Cyberattacks and security breaches of our platform, or those impacting our customers or third parties, could adversely impact our brand and reputation and our business, operating results, and financial condition.
  • We are subject to an extensive and highly-evolving regulatory landscape and any adverse changes to, or our failure to comply with, any laws and regulations could adversely affect our brand, reputation, business, operating results, and financial condition.
  • We compete against a growing number of decentralized and noncustodial platforms and our business may be adversely affected if we fail to compete effectively against them.
  • We are, and may continue to be, subject to material litigation, including individual and class action lawsuits, as well as investigations and enforcement actions by regulators and governmental authorities. These matters are often expensive and time consuming, and, if resolved adversely, could harm our business, financial condition, and operating results.
  • If we cannot keep pace with rapid industry changes to provide new and innovative products and services, the use of our products and services, and consequently our net revenue, could decline, which could adversely impact our business, operating results, and financial condition.
  • A particular crypto asset’s status as a “security” in any relevant jurisdiction is subject to a high degree of uncertainty and if we are unable to properly characterize a crypto asset, we may be subject to regulatory scrutiny, inquiries, investigations, fines, and other penalties, which may adversely affect our business, operating results, and financial condition.
  • We currently rely on third-party service providers for certain aspects of our operations, and any interruptions in services provided by these third parties may impair our ability to support our customers.
  • Loss of a critical banking or insurance relationship could adversely impact our business, operating results, and financial condition.
  • Any significant disruption in our products and services, in our information technology systems, or in any of the blockchain networks we support, could result in a loss of customers or funds and adversely impact our brand and reputation and our business, operating results, and financial condition.
  • Our failure to safeguard and manage our customers’ fiat currencies and crypto assets could adversely impact our business, operating results, and financial condition.
  • The theft, loss, or destruction of private keys required to access any crypto assets held in custody for our own account or for our customers may be irreversible. If we are unable to access our private keys or if we experience a hack or other data loss relating to our ability to access any crypto assets, it could cause regulatory scrutiny, reputational harm, and other losses.
  • Other Risks Related to Our Business and Financial Position
  • If we fail to retain existing customers or add new customers, or if our customers decrease their level of engagement with our products, services and platform, our business, operating results, and financial condition may be significantly harmed.
  • We expect our operating expenses to increase significantly in the foreseeable future and may not be able to achieve profitability or achieve positive cash flow from operations on a consistent basis, which may cause our business, operating results, and financial condition to be adversely impacted.
  • Our business and operations have experienced significant growth, and if we do not effectively manage our growth, or are unable to improve our systems and processes, our operating results will be negatively affected.
  • Our strategy and focus on delivering high-quality, compliant, easy-to-use, and secure crypto-related financial services may not maximize short-term or medium-term financial results.
  • A significant amount of the Trading Volume on our platform is derived from a relatively small number of customers, and the loss of these customers, or a reduction in their Trading Volume, could have an adverse effect on our business, operating results, and financial condition.
  • Due to our limited operating history, it may be difficult to evaluate our business and future prospects, and we may not be able to achieve or maintain profitability in any given period.
  • Because our long-term success depends, in part, on our ability to expand our sales to customers outside the United States, our business is susceptible to risks associated with international operations.
  • Disputes with our customers could adversely impact our brand and reputation and our business, operating results, and financial condition.
  • We provide secured loans to our customers, which exposes us to credit risks and may cause us to incur financial or reputational harm.
  • We are exposed to transaction losses due to chargebacks, refunds or returns as a result of fraud or uncollectability that may adversely impact our business, operating results, and financial condition.
  • We have a highly active acquisition and investment strategy and we plan to continue to make acquisitions and investments, which could require significant management attention, disrupt our business, result in dilution to our stockholders, and adversely affect our financial results.
  • If we fail to develop, maintain, and enhance our brand and reputation, our business, operating results, and financial condition may be adversely affected.
  • Key business metrics and other estimates are subject to inherent challenges in measurement, and our business, operating results, and financial condition could be adversely affected by real or perceived inaccuracies in those metrics.
  • Unfavorable media coverage could negatively affect our business.
  • Our platform may be exploited to facilitate illegal activity such as fraud, money laundering, gambling, tax evasion, and scams. If any of our customers use our platform to further such illegal activities, our business could be adversely affected.
  • Our compliance and risk management methods might not be effective and may result in outcomes that could adversely affect our reputation, operating results, and financial condition.
  • Interest rate fluctuations could negatively impact us.
  • We hold certain investments in DeFi protocols and may suffer losses if they do not function as expected.
  • We may suffer losses due to abrupt and erratic market movements.
  • Risks Related to Crypto Assets
  • Due to unfamiliarity and some negative publicity associated with crypto asset platforms, existing and potential customers may lose confidence in crypto asset platforms.
  • Depositing and withdrawing crypto assets into and from our platform involve risks, which could result in loss of customer assets, customer disputes and other liabilities, which could adversely impact our business.
  • A temporary or permanent blockchain “fork” to any supported crypto asset could adversely affect our business.
  • We currently support, and expect to continue to support, certain smart contract-based crypto assets. If the underlying smart contracts for these crypto assets do not operate as expected, they could lose value and our business could be adversely affected.
  • From time to time, we may encounter technical issues in connection with the integration of supported crypto assets and changes and upgrades to their underlying networks, which could adversely affect our business.
  • If miners or validators of any supported crypto asset demand high transaction fees, our operating results may be adversely affected.
  • Future developments regarding the treatment of crypto assets for U.S. and foreign tax purposes could adversely impact our business.
  • Our tax information reporting obligations with respect to crypto transactions are subject to change.
  • The nature of our business requires the application of complex financial accounting rules, and there is limited guidance from accounting standard setting bodies. If financial accounting standards undergo significant changes, our operating results could be adversely affected.
  • Risks Related to Government Regulation and Privacy Matters
  • The cryptoeconomy is novel. As a result, policymakers are just beginning to consider what a regulatory regime for crypto would look like and the elements that would serve as the foundation for such a regime. This less developed consideration of crypto may harm our ability to effectively react to proposed legislation and regulation of crypto assets or crypto asset platforms adverse to our business.
  • Our condensed consolidated balance sheets may not contain sufficient amounts or types of regulatory capital to meet the changing requirements of our various regulators worldwide, which could adversely affect our business, operating results, and financial condition.
  • Many of the crypto assets in which we facilitate trading are subject to regulatory authority by the CFTC. Any fraudulent or manipulative activity in a crypto asset occurring on our platform could subject us to increased regulatory scrutiny, regulatory enforcement, and litigation.
  • Certain transactions in crypto assets may constitute “retail leveraged commodity transactions” subject to regulation by the CFTC as futures contracts. If crypto asset transactions we facilitate are deemed to be such retail commodity transactions, we would be subject to additional regulatory requirements, licenses and approvals, and potentially face regulatory enforcement, civil liability, and significant increased compliance and operational costs.
  • Particular crypto assets or transactions therein could be deemed “commodity interests” (e.g., futures, options, swaps) or security-based swaps subject to regulation by the CFTC or SEC, respectively. If a crypto asset that we facilitate trading in is deemed a commodity interest or a security-based swap, we would be subject to additional regulatory requirements, registrations and approvals, and potentially face regulatory enforcement, civil liability, and significant increased compliance and operational costs.
  • We obtain and process a large amount of sensitive customer data. Any real or perceived improper use of, disclosure of, or access to such data could harm our reputation, as well as have an adverse effect on our business.
  • We are subject to laws, regulations, and industry requirements related to data privacy, data protection and information security, and user protection across different markets where we conduct our business, including in the United States, European Economic Area (the “EEA”) and Asia-Pacific region and industry requirements and such laws, regulations, and industry requirements are constantly evolving and changing. Any actual or perceived failure to comply with such laws, regulations, and industry requirements, or our privacy policies, could harm our business.
  • Risks Related to Third Parties
  • Our current and future services are dependent on payment networks and acquiring processors, and any changes to their rules or practices could adversely impact our business.
  • We depend on major mobile operating systems and third-party platforms for the distribution of certain products. If Google Play, the Apple App Store, or other platforms prevent customers from downloading our apps, our ability to grow may be adversely affected.
  • Risks Related to Intellectual Property
  • Our intellectual property rights are valuable, and any inability to protect them could adversely impact our business, operating results, and financial condition.
  • We have been, and in the future may be, sued by third parties for alleged infringement of their proprietary rights.
  • Our platform contains third-party open source software components, and failure to comply with the terms of the underlying open source software licenses could harm our business.
  • Risks Related to Our Employees and Other Service Providers
  • The loss of one or more of our key personnel, or our failure to attract and retain other highly qualified personnel in the future, could adversely impact our business, operating results, and financial condition.
  • Our culture emphasizes innovation, and if we cannot maintain this culture as we grow, our business and operating results could be adversely impacted.
  • In the event of employee or service provider misconduct or error, our business may be adversely impacted.
  • Our officers, directors, employees, and large stockholders may encounter potential conflicts of interests with respect to their positions or interests in certain crypto assets, entities, and other initiatives, which could adversely affect our business and reputation.
  • Adverse economic conditions may adversely affect our business.
  • We are a remote-first company which subjects us to heightened operational risks.
  • Health epidemics, including the COVID-19 pandemic, have had or could have an adverse effect on our business, operations, and the markets in which we operate.
  • Investors’ expectations of our performance relating to environmental, social and governance factors may impose additional costs and expose us to new risks.
  • Our management team has limited experience managing a public company.
  • Changes in U.S. and foreign tax laws, as well as the application of such laws, could adversely impact our financial position and operating results.
  • Our ability to use any current or future net operating loss to offset future taxable income may be subject to certain limitations under U.S. or foreign law.
  • Fluctuations in currency exchange rates could harm our operating results and financial condition.
  • If our estimates or judgment relating to our critical accounting policies prove to be incorrect, our operating results could be adversely affected.
  • We may be adversely affected by natural disasters, pandemics, and other catastrophic events, and by man-made problems such as terrorism, that could disrupt our business operations, and our business continuity and disaster recovery plans may not adequately protect us from a serious disaster.
  • The requirements of being a public company, including maintaining adequate internal control over our financial and management systems, may strain our resources, divert management’s attention, and affect our ability to attract and retain executive management and qualified board members.
  • We might require additional capital to support business growth, and this capital might not be available.
  • Risks Related to Ownership of Our Class A Common Stock
  • The market price of our Class A common stock may be volatile, and could decline significantly and rapidly. Market volatility may affect the value of an investment in our Class A common stock and could subject us to litigation.
  • The dual class structure of our common stock has the effect of concentrating voting control with those stockholders, including our directors, executive officers, and 5% stockholders, and their respective affiliates. As a result of this structure, our Chief Executive Officer has control over key decision making as a result of his control of a majority of our voting stock. This ownership will limit or preclude your ability to influence corporate matters, including the election of directors, amendments of our organizational documents, and any merger, consolidation, sale of all or substantially all of our assets, or other major corporate transaction requiring stockholder approval.
  • The dual class structure of our common stock may adversely affect the trading market for our Class A common stock.
  • Sales or distribution of substantial amounts of our Class A common stock, or the perception that such sales or distributions might occur, could cause the market price of our Class A common stock to decline.
  • If securities or industry analysts do not publish or cease publishing research, or publish inaccurate or unfavorable research, about our business, the price of our Class A common stock and its liquidity could decline.
  • We are not obligated to, and do not intend to pay dividends on any class of our common stock for the foreseeable future.
  • Provisions in our charter documents and under Delaware law, and certain rules imposed by regulatory authorities, could make an acquisition of us, which may be beneficial to our stockholders, more difficult, limit attempts by our stockholders to replace or remove our current management, limit our stockholders’ ability to obtain a favorable judicial forum for disputes with us or our directors, officers, or employees, and limit the price of our Class A common stock.
  • Our restated certificate of incorporation contains an exclusive forum provision for certain claims, which could limit our stockholders’ ability to obtain a favorable judicial forum for disputes with us or our directors, officers, or employees.
Management Discussion
  • Transaction revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2022 decreased by $527.5 million or 34% compared to the three months ended March 31, 2021, due to the following:
  • •Crypto Asset Volatility of 8.3 for the three months ended March 31, 2022, representing a decrease of 33% from the three months ended March 31, 2021. Trading Volume on our platform is correlated with Crypto Asset Volatility; and
  • •a decrease in retail Trading Volume of 38%, due to a decrease in both the average price of Bitcoin and Other crypto assets.

Content analysis

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