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MFIN Medallion Financial

Filed: 7 May 20, 5:07pm

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2020

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                 to                 

Commission file number 001-37747

 

MEDALLION FINANCIAL CORP.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

 

 

DELAWARE

04-3291176

(State of Incorporation)

(IRS Employer

Identification No.)

437 MADISON AVENUE, 38th Floor

NEW YORK, NEW YORK 10022

(Address of Principal Executive Offices) (Zip Code)

(212) 328-2100

(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

 

Trading symbols

 

Name of each exchange

on which registered

Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share

9.000% Senior Notes due 2021

 

MFIN

MFINL

 

NASDAQ Global Select Market

NASDAQ Global Select Market

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    YES      NO  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    YES      NO  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

 

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer

Smaller reporting company

 

 

 

 

Emerging growth company

 

 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    YES      NO  

 

The number of outstanding shares of registrant’s Common Stock, par value $0.01, as of May 6, 2020 was 24,806,656.

 

 


 

MEDALLION FINANCIAL CORP.

FORM 10-Q

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our financial statements and the notes to those statements and other financial information appearing elsewhere in this report.

This report contains forward-looking statements relating to future events and future performance applicable to us within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, including, without limitation, statements regarding our expectations, beliefs, intentions, or future strategies that are signified by the words expects, anticipates, intends, believes, or similar language. In connection with certain forward-looking statements contained in this Form 10-Q and those that may be made in the future by or on behalf of the Company, the Company notes that there are various factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those set forth in any such forward-looking statements. The forward-looking statements contained in this Form 10-Q were prepared by management and are qualified by, and subject to, significant business, economic, competitive, regulatory, and other uncertainties and contingencies, all of which are difficult or impossible to predict, and many of which are beyond control of the Company. In particular any forward-looking statements are subject to the risks and great uncertainties associated with the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and the related impact on the US and global economies.

All forward-looking statements included in this document are based on information available to us on the date hereof, and we assume no obligation to update any forward-looking statements. The statements have not been audited by, examined by, compiled by, or subjected to agreed-upon procedures by independent accountants, and no third-party has independently verified or reviewed such statements. Readers of this Form 10-Q should consider these facts in evaluating the information contained herein. In addition, the business and operations of the Company are subject to substantial risks which increase the uncertainty inherent in the forward-looking statements contained in this Form 10-Q. The inclusion of the forward-looking statements contained in this Form 10-Q should not be regarded as a representation by the Company or any other person that the forward-looking statements contained in this Form 10-Q will be achieved.

In light of the foregoing, readers of this Form 10-Q are cautioned not to place undue reliance on the forward-looking statements contained herein. You should consider these risks and those described under Risk Factors in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K and others that are detailed in the other reports that the Company files from time to time with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

Page 2 of 61


 

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

BASIS OF PREPARATION

We, Medallion Financial Corp., or the Company, are a finance company, organized as a Delaware corporation that includes Medallion Bank, our primary operating subsidiary. In recent years, our strategic growth has been through Medallion Bank, which originates consumer loans for the purchase of recreational vehicles, boats, and trailers and to finance small-scale home improvements. We historically have had a leading position in originating, acquiring, and servicing loans that finance taxi medallions and various types of commercial businesses.

Since Medallion Bank acquired a consumer loan portfolio and began originating consumer loans in 2004, it has increased its consumer loan portfolio at a compound annual growth rate of 16% (19% if there had been no loan sales during 2016, 2017, and 2018). In January 2017, we announced our plans to transform our overall strategy. We have transitioned away from medallion lending and have placed our strategic focus on our growing consumer finance portfolio. Total assets under management, which includes assets serviced for third party investors, were $1,647,000,000 as of March 31, 2020, and were $1,660,000,000 as of December 31, 2019, and have grown at a compound annual growth rate of 9% from $215,000,000 at the end of 1996.

We conduct our business through various wholly-owned subsidiaries including:

 

Medallion Bank, or the Bank, an FDIC-insured industrial bank that originates consumer loans, raises deposits, and conducts other banking activities, and has a separate board of directors with a majority of independent directors;

 

Medallion Funding LLC, or Medallion Funding, a Small Business Investment Company, or SBIC, our primary taxi medallion lending company;

 

Medallion Capital, Inc., or Medallion Capital, an SBIC which conducts a mezzanine financing business;

 

Freshstart Venture Capital Corp., or Freshstart, an SBIC which originates and services taxi medallion and commercial loans; and

 

Medallion Servicing Corp., or MSC, which provides loan services to the Bank.

Our other consolidated subsidiaries are comprised of Medallion Fine Art, Inc., CDI-LP Holdings, Inc., Medallion Motorsports, LLC, and RPAC Racing LLC, or RPAC. In addition, we make both marketable and nonmarketable equity investments, primarily as a function of our mezzanine lending business.

Our consolidated balance sheet as of March 31, 2020, and the related consolidated statements of operations, consolidated statements of other comprehensive income/(loss), consolidated statements of stockholders’ equity and cash flows for the quarter then ended included in Item 1 have been prepared by us, without audit, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the SEC. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the US have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. In the opinion of management, the accompanying consolidated financial statements include all adjustments, which are of a normal and recurring nature, necessary to present fairly our consolidated financial position and results of operations. The results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2020 may not be indicative of future performance. These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.

 

Page 3 of 61


 

MEDALLION FINANCIAL CORP.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

UNAUDITED

 

(Dollars in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash(1)

 

$

15,817

 

 

$

17,700

 

Federal funds sold

 

 

39,680

 

 

 

50,121

 

Equity investments

 

 

10,341

 

 

 

10,079

 

Investment securities

 

 

46,127

 

 

 

48,998

 

Loans

 

 

1,183,779

 

 

 

1,160,855

 

Allowance for losses

 

 

(54,057

)

 

 

(46,093

)

Net loans receivable

 

 

1,129,722

 

 

 

1,114,762

 

Accrued interest receivable

 

 

8,536

 

 

 

8,662

 

Property, equipment, and right-of-use lease asset, net

 

 

13,873

 

 

 

14,375

 

Loan collateral in process of foreclosure(2)

 

 

46,817

 

 

 

52,711

 

Goodwill

 

 

150,803

 

 

 

150,803

 

Intangible assets, net

 

 

52,175

 

 

 

52,536

 

Income tax receivable

 

 

1,126

 

 

 

1,516

 

Other assets

 

 

19,378

 

 

 

19,404

 

Total assets

 

$

1,534,395

 

 

$

1,541,667

 

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable and accrued expenses(3)

 

$

20,126

 

 

$

16,234

 

Accrued interest payable

 

 

3,300

 

 

 

4,398

 

Deposits(4)

 

 

960,126

 

 

 

951,651

 

Short-term borrowings

 

 

60,904

 

 

 

38,223

 

Deferred tax liabilities

 

 

6,239

 

 

 

9,341

 

Operating lease liabilities

 

 

12,186

 

 

 

12,738

 

Long-term debt(5)

 

 

150,941

 

 

 

174,614

 

Total liabilities

 

 

1,213,822

 

 

 

1,207,199

 

Commitments and contingencies(6)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock (1,000,000 shares of $0.01 par value stock authorized-none outstanding)

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock (50,000,000 shares of $0.01 par value stock authorized- 27,757,899

   shares at March 31, 2020 and 27,597,802 shares at December 31, 2019 issued)

 

 

278

 

 

 

276

 

Additional paid in capital

 

 

275,975

 

 

 

275,511

 

Treasury stock (2,951,243 shares at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019)

 

 

(24,919

)

 

 

(24,919

)

Accumulated other comprehensive income

 

 

1,146

 

 

 

999

 

Retained earnings

 

 

(2,362

)

 

 

11,281

 

Total stockholders’ equity

 

 

250,118

 

 

 

263,148

 

Non-controlling interest in consolidated subsidiaries

 

 

70,455

 

 

 

71,320

 

Total equity

 

 

320,573

 

 

 

334,468

 

Total liabilities and equity

 

$

1,534,395

 

 

$

1,541,667

 

Number of shares outstanding

 

 

24,806,656

 

 

 

24,646,559

 

Book value per share

 

$

10.08

 

 

$

10.68

 

 

(1)

Includes restricted cash of $2,970 as of March 31, 2020.

(2)

Includes financed sales of this collateral to third parties that are reported separately from the loan portfolio, and that are conducted by the Bank of $9,157 as of March 31, 2020 and $8,163 as of December 31, 2019.

(3)

Includes the short-term portion of lease liabilities of $2,112 and $2,085 as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019. Refer to Note 6 for more details.

(4)

Includes $2,390 and $2,594 of deferred financing costs as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

(5)

Includes $2,284 and $2,511 of deferred financing costs as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

(6)

Refer to Note 10 for details.

 

The accompanying notes should be read in conjunction with these consolidated financial statements.

Page 4 of 61


 

MEDALLION FINANCIAL CORP.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(UNAUDITED)

 

 

 

For the Three Months Ended March 31,

 

(Dollars in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Interest and fees on loans

 

$

35,019

 

 

$

29,439

 

Interest and dividends on investment securities

 

 

470

 

 

 

566

 

Medallion lease income

 

 

53

 

 

 

38

 

Total interest income(1)

 

 

35,542

 

 

 

30,043

 

Interest on deposits

 

 

5,941

 

 

 

4,921

 

Interest on short-term borrowings

 

 

564

 

 

 

982

 

Interest on long-term debt

 

 

2,495

 

 

 

1,819

 

Total interest expense(2)

 

 

9,000

 

 

 

7,722

 

Net interest income

 

 

26,542

 

 

 

22,321

 

Provision for loan losses

 

 

16,541

 

 

 

13,343

 

Net interest income after provision for loan losses

 

 

10,001

 

 

 

8,978

 

Other income (loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sponsorship and race winnings

 

 

2,573

 

 

 

3,179

 

Write-down of loan collateral in process of foreclosure

 

 

(6,286

)

 

 

(2,119

)

Impairment of equity investments

 

 

(3,510

)

 

 

 

Gain on the extinguishment of debt

 

 

 

 

 

4,145

 

Other income

 

 

243

 

 

 

1,658

 

Total other income (loss), net

 

 

(6,980

)

 

 

6,863

 

Other expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Salaries and employee benefits

 

 

6,933

 

 

 

5,341

 

Professional fees

 

 

3,589

 

 

 

1,636

 

Race team related expenses

 

 

2,130

 

 

 

1,998

 

Loan servicing fees

 

 

1,612

 

 

 

1,194

 

Collection costs

 

 

1,229

 

 

 

638

 

Rent expense

 

 

697

 

 

 

600

 

Regulatory fees

 

 

365

 

 

 

447

 

Amortization of intangible assets

 

 

361

 

 

 

361

 

Travel, meals, and entertainment

 

 

208

 

 

 

265

 

Other expenses

 

 

2,147

 

 

 

2,222

 

Total other expenses

 

 

19,271

 

 

 

14,702

 

Income (loss) before income taxes

 

 

(16,250

)

 

 

1,139

 

Income tax benefit

 

 

3,249

 

 

 

256

 

Net income (loss) after taxes

 

 

(13,001

)

 

 

1,395

 

Less: income attributable to the non-controlling interest

 

 

642

 

 

 

167

 

Total net income (loss) attributable to Medallion Financial Corp.

 

$

(13,643

)

 

$

1,228

 

Basic net income (loss) per share

 

$

(0.56

)

 

$

0.05

 

Diluted net income (loss) per share

 

$

(0.56

)

 

$

0.05

 

Distributions declared per share

 

$

 

 

$

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

 

24,401,773

 

 

 

24,288,263

 

Diluted

 

 

24,401,773

 

 

 

24,616,890

 

 

(1)

Included in interest and investment income is $293 and $237 of paid-in-kind interest for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.

(2)

Average borrowings outstanding were $1,164,483 and $1,067,075, and the related average borrowing costs were 3.11% and 2.93%, for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.    

 

  

The accompanying notes should be read in conjunction with these consolidated financial statements.

 

Page 5 of 61


 

MEDALLION FINANCIAL CORP.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME/(LOSS)

(UNAUDITED)

 

 

 

For the Three Months Ended March 31,

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Net income (loss) after taxes from operations

 

$

(13,001

)

 

$

1,395

 

Other comprehensive income, net of tax

 

 

147

 

 

 

669

 

Total comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

(12,854

)

 

 

2,064

 

Less comprehensive income attributable to the non-controlling interest

 

 

642

 

 

 

167

 

Total comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Medallion Financial Corp.

 

$

(13,496

)

 

$

1,897

 

 

The accompanying notes should be read in conjunction with these consolidated financial statements.

 

Page 6 of 61


 

 

MEDALLION FINANCIAL CORP.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

(UNAUDITED)

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Common

Stock

Shares

 

 

Common

Stock

 

 

Preferred

Stock

 

 

Capital in

Excess of

Par

 

 

Treasury

Stock

Shares

 

 

Treasury

Stock

 

 

Retained

Earnings

 

 

Accumulated

Other

Comprehensive

Income (Loss)

 

 

Total

Stockholders’

Equity

 

 

Non-

controlling

Interest

 

 

Total

Equity

 

Balance at December 31, 2019

 

 

27,597,802

 

 

$

276

 

 

 

 

 

$

275,511

 

 

 

(2,951,243

)

 

$

(24,919

)

 

$

11,281

 

 

$

999

 

 

$

263,148

 

 

$

71,320

 

 

$

334,468

 

Net income (loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(13,643

)

 

 

 

 

 

(13,643

)

 

 

642

 

 

 

(13,001

)

Distributions to non-

   controlling interest

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,507

)

 

 

(1,507

)

Stock-based compensation

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

464

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

466

 

 

 

 

 

 

466

 

Issuance of restricted stock, net

 

 

165,674

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Forfeiture of restricted stock, net

 

 

(5,577

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net change in unrealized gains

   on investments, net of tax

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

147

 

 

 

147

 

 

 

 

 

 

147

 

Balance at March 31, 2020

 

 

27,757,899

 

 

$

278

 

 

 

 

 

$

275,975

 

 

 

(2,951,243

)

 

$

(24,919

)

 

$

(2,362

)

 

$

1,146

 

 

$

250,118

 

 

$

70,455

 

 

$

320,573

 

 

 

.

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Common

Stock Shares

 

 

Common

Stock

 

 

Preferred

Stock

 

 

Capital in

Excess of

Par

 

 

Treasury

Stock Shares

 

 

Treasury

Stock

 

 

Retained

Earnings

 

 

Accumulated

Other

Comprehensive

Income (Loss)

 

 

Total

Stockholders’

Equity

 

 

Non-controlling

Interest

 

 

Total

Equity

 

Balance at December 31, 2018

 

 

27,385,600

 

 

$

274

 

 

 

 

 

$

274,292

 

 

 

(2,951,243

)

 

$

(24,919

)

 

$

13,043

 

 

$

(82

)

 

$

262,608

 

 

$

27,596

 

 

$

290,204

 

Net income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,228

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,228

 

 

 

167

 

 

 

1,395

 

Distributions to non-controlling interest

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(592

)

 

 

(592

)

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

164

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

165

 

 

 

 

 

 

165

 

Issuance of restricted stock, net

 

 

163,098

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Forfeiture of restricted stock, net

 

 

(1,699

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net change in unrealized gains on investments, net of tax

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

669

 

 

 

669

 

 

 

 

 

 

669

 

Balance at March 31, 2019

 

 

27,546,999

 

 

$

275

 

 

 

 

 

$

274,456

 

 

 

(2,951,243

)

 

$

(24,919

)

 

$

14,271

 

 

$

587

 

 

$

264,670

 

 

$

27,171

 

 

$

291,841

 

 

The accompanying notes should be read in conjunction with these consolidated financial statements.

 

Page 7 of 61


 

MEDALLION FINANCIAL CORP.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(UNAUDITED)

 

 

 

For the Three Months Ended March 31,

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

 

$

(13,001

)

 

$

1,395

 

Adjustments to reconcile net loss from operations to net cash

   provided by operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Provision for loan losses

 

 

16,541

 

 

 

13,343

 

Paid-in-kind interest

 

 

(293

)

 

 

(237

)

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

1,590

 

 

 

2,046

 

(Decrease) increase in deferred and other tax liabilities

 

 

(2,713

)

 

 

65

 

Amortization of origination fees, net

 

 

1,304

 

 

 

1,151

 

Net change in loan collateral in process of foreclosure

 

 

8,825

 

 

 

3,757

 

Net realized losses on investments

 

 

3,554

 

 

 

 

Net change in unrealized depreciation (appreciation) on investments

 

 

 

 

 

(598

)

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

466

 

 

 

165

 

Gain on extinguishment of debt

 

 

 

 

 

(4,145

)

Decrease in accrued interest receivable

 

 

125

 

 

 

305

 

(Increase) decrease in other assets

 

 

205

 

 

 

(2,144

)

Increase (decrease) in accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

 

1,249

 

 

 

(3,355

)

Decrease in accrued interest payable

 

 

(1,062

)

 

 

(687

)

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

 

16,790

 

 

 

11,061

 

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loans originated

 

 

(107,149

)

 

 

(92,533

)

Proceeds from principal receipts, sales, and maturities of loans

 

 

67,368

 

 

 

62,239

 

Purchases of investments

 

 

(6,541

)

 

 

(50

)

Proceeds from principal receipts, sales, and maturities of investments

 

 

7,692

 

 

 

2,456

 

Proceeds from the sale and principal payments on loan collateral in process

   of foreclosure

 

 

4,007

 

 

 

5,026

 

Net cash used for investing activities

 

 

(34,623

)

 

 

(22,862

)

CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from time deposits and funds borrowed

 

 

114,418

 

 

 

118,586

 

Repayments of time deposits and funds borrowed

 

 

(107,402

)

 

 

(77,785

)

Distributions to non-controlling interests

 

 

(1,507

)

 

 

(592

)

Payments of declared distributions

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

 

5,509

 

 

 

40,209

 

NET INCREASE (DECREASE) IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AND

   RESTRICTED CASH

 

 

(12,324

)

 

 

28,408

 

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period(1)

 

 

67,821

 

 

 

57,713

 

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period(1)

 

$

55,497

 

 

$

86,121

 

SUPPLEMENTAL INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash paid during the period for interest

 

$

9,339

 

 

$

7,887

 

Cash paid during the period for income taxes

 

 

3

 

 

 

14

 

NON-CASH INVESTING

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loans transferred to loan collateral in process of foreclosure

 

$

6,938

 

 

$

9,096

 

 

 

(1)

Includes federal funds sold.

The accompanying notes should be read in conjunction with these consolidated financial statements.

Page 8 of 61


 

MEDALLION FINANCIAL CORP.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

MARCH 31, 2020

(1) ORGANIZATION OF MEDALLION FINANCIAL CORP. AND ITS SUBSIDIARIES

Medallion Financial Corp., or the Company, is a finance company organized as a Delaware corporation that reports as a bank holding company, but is not a bank holding company for regulatory purposes. The Company conducts its business through various wholly-owned subsidiaries including its primary operating company, Medallion Bank, or the Bank, a Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, or FDIC, insured industrial bank that originates consumer loans, raises deposits, and conducts other banking activities. The Bank is subject to competition from other financial institutions and to the regulations of certain federal and state agencies, and undergoes examinations by those agencies. The Bank was initially formed for the primary purpose of originating commercial loans in three categories: 1) loans to finance the purchase of taxi medallions, 2) asset-based commercial loans, and 3) SBA 7(a) loans. Subsequent to its formation, the Bank began originating consumer loans to finance the purchases of recreational vehicles, or RVs, boats, and other related items, and to finance small scale home improvements. The Company also conducts business through Medallion Funding LLC, or MFC, a Small Business Investment Company, or SBIC, which originates and services medallion and commercial loans.

The Company also conducts business through its subsidiaries Medallion Capital, Inc., or MCI, an SBIC which conducts a mezzanine financing business, and Freshstart Venture Capital Corp., or FSVC, an SBIC that originated and services medallion and commercial loans. MFC, MCI, and FSVC, as SBICs, are regulated by the Small Business Administration, or SBA. MCI and FSVC are financed in part by the SBA.

The Company has a controlling ownership stake in Medallion Motorsports, LLC, the primary owner of RPAC Racing, LLC, or RPAC, a professional car racing team that competes in the Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series, which is also consolidated with the Company.

The Company formed a wholly-owned subsidiary, Medallion Servicing Corporation, or MSC, to provide loan services to the Bank. The Company has assigned all of its loan servicing rights for the Bank, which consists of servicing medallion loans originated by the Bank, to MSC, which bills and collects the related service fee income from the Bank, and is allocated and charged by the Company for MSC’s share of these servicing costs.

Taxi Medallion Loan Trust III, or Trust III, was established for the purpose of owning medallion loans originated by MFC or others. Trust III is a variable interest entity, or VIE, and MFC was the primary beneficiary until the 2018 fourth quarter. As a result, the Company consolidated Trust III in its financial results until consummation of a restructuring in the 2018 fourth quarter. For a discussion of the restructuring, see Note 15. Trust III is a separate legal and corporate entity with its own creditors which, in any liquidation of Trust III, will be entitled to be satisfied out of Trust III’s assets prior to any value in Trust III becoming available to Trust III’s equity holders. The assets of Trust III are not available to pay obligations of its affiliates or any other party, and the assets of affiliates or any other party are not available to pay obligations of Trust III. Trust III’s loans are serviced by MFC.

The Company established a wholly-owned subsidiary, Medallion Financing Trust I, or Fin Trust, for the purpose of issuing unsecured preferred securities to investors. Fin Trust is a separate legal and corporate entity with its own creditors who, in any liquidation of Fin Trust, will be entitled to be satisfied out of Fin Trust’s assets prior to any value in Fin Trust becoming available to Fin Trust’s equity holders. The assets of Fin Trust, aggregating $36,083,000 at March 31, 2020, are not available to pay obligations of its affiliates or any other party, and the assets of affiliates or any other party are not available to pay obligations of Fin Trust.

MFC, through several wholly-owned subsidiaries, together, Medallion Chicago, purchased $8,689,000 of City of Chicago taxi medallions out of foreclosure, some of which are leased to fleet operators. The 159 medallions are carried at a net realizable value of $3,091,000 in other assets on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet at March 31, 2020, compared to a net realizable value of $3,091,000 and $4,676,000 at December 31, 2019 and March 31, 2019.

(2) SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES  

Use of Estimates

The preparation of the consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the US, or GAAP, requires management to make estimates that affect the amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes. Accounting estimates and assumptions are those that management considers to be the most critical to an

Page 9 of 61


 

understanding of the consolidated financial statements because they inherently involve significant judgments and uncertainties. All of these estimates reflect management’s best judgment about current economic and market conditions and their effects based on information available as of the date of these consolidated financial statements. If such conditions change, it is reasonably possible that the judgments and estimates could change, which may result in future impairments of loans and loan collateral in process of foreclosure, goodwill and intangible assets, and investments, among other effects.

Principles of Consolidation

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and all of its wholly-owned and controlled subsidiaries. All significant intercompany transactions, balances, and profits (losses) have been eliminated in consolidation.

The consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with GAAP. The Company consolidates all entities it controls through a majority voting interest, a controlling interest through other contractual rights, or as being identified as the primary beneficiary of VIEs. The primary beneficiary is the party who has both (1) the power to direct the activities of a VIE that most significantly impact the entity’s economic performance, and (2) an obligation to absorb losses of the entity or a right to receive benefits from the entity that could potentially be significant to the entity. For consolidated entities that are less than wholly owned, the third-party’s holding is recorded as non-controlling interest.

Cash and Cash Equivalents

The Company considers all highly liquid instruments with an original purchased maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents. Cash balances are generally held in accounts at large national or regional banking organizations in amounts that exceed the federally insured limits. Cash includes $2,970,000 of an interest reserve associated with the private placements of debt in March and August 2019, which cannot be used for any other purpose until March 2022.

Fair Value of Assets and Liabilities

The Company follows the Financial Accounting Standards Board, or FASB, FASB Accounting Standards Codification Topic 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures, or FASB ASC 820, which defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value, and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. FASB ASC 820 defines fair value as an exit price (i.e. a price that would be received to sell, as opposed to acquire, an asset or transfer a liability), and emphasizes that fair value is a market-based measurement. It establishes a fair value hierarchy that distinguishes between assumptions developed based on market data obtained from independent external sources and the reporting entity’s own assumptions. Further, it specifies that fair value measurement should consider adjustment for risk, such as the risk inherent in the valuation technique or its inputs. See also Notes 12 and 13 to the consolidated financial statements.

Page 10 of 61


 

Equity Investments

The Company follows FASB ASC Topic 321, Investments – Equity Securities, or ASC 321, which requires all applicable investments in equity securities with readily determinable fair value to be valued as such, and those that do not to be measured at cost, less any impairment plus or minus any observable price changes. Equity investments of $10,341,000 and $10,079,000 at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, comprised mainly of nonmarketable stock and stock warrants, are recorded at cost less any impairment plus or minus observable price changes. As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Company determined that there were no impairment or observable price change.

Investment Securities

The Company follows FASB ASC Topic 320, Investments – Debt Securities, or ASC 320, which requires that all applicable investments in debt securities be classified as trading securities, available-for-sale securities, or held-to-maturity securities. Investment securities are purchased from time-to-time in the open market at prices that are greater or lesser than the par value of the investment. The resulting premium or discount is deferred and recognized on a level yield basis as an adjustment to the yield of the related investment. The net premium on investment securities totaled $252,000 at March 31, 2020 and $248,000 at December 31, 2019, and $55,000 and $12,000 was amortized to interest income for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019. Refer to Note 3 for more details. ASC 320 further requires that held-to-maturity securities be reported at amortized cost and available-for-sale securities be reported at fair value, with unrealized gains and losses excluded from earnings at the date of the consolidated financial statements, and reported in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) as a separate component of stockholders’ equity, net of the effect of income taxes, until they are sold. At the time of sale, any gains or losses, calculated by the specific identification method, will be recognized as a component of operating results and any amounts previously included in stockholders’ equity, which were recorded net of the income tax effect, will be reversed.

Loans

The Company’s loans are currently reported at the principal amount outstanding, inclusive of deferred loan acquisition costs, which primarily includes deferred fees paid to loan originators, and which is amortized to interest income over the life of the loan. Effective April 2, 2018, the Company withdrew its previous election to be regulated as a business development company under the Investment Company Act of 1940, and therefore changed the Company’s financial reporting from investment company accounting to bank holding company accounting. As a result, the existing loan balances were adjusted to fair value in connection with the change in reporting, and balances, net of reserves and fees, became the opening balances.

Loan origination fees and certain direct origination costs are deferred and recognized as an adjustment to the yield of the related loans. At March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, net loan origination costs were $18,379,000 and $17,839,000. Net amortization to income for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 was $1,304,000 and $1,151,000.

Interest income is recorded on the accrual basis. Medallion and commercial loans are placed on nonaccrual status, and all uncollected accrued interest is reversed, when there is doubt as to the collectability of interest or principal, or if loans are 90 days or more past due, unless management has determined that they are both well-secured and in the process of collection. Interest income on nonaccrual loans is generally recognized when cash is received, unless a determination has been made to apply all cash receipts to principal. The consumer portfolio has different characteristics, typified by a larger number of lower dollar loans that have similar characteristics. A loan is considered to be impaired, or nonperforming, when based on current information and events, it is likely the Company will be unable to collect all amounts due according to the contractual terms of the original loan agreement. Management considers loans that are in bankruptcy status, but have not been charged-off, to be impaired. These loans are placed on nonaccrual, when they become 90 days past due, or earlier if they enter bankruptcy, and are charged-off in their entirety when deemed uncollectible, or when they become 120 days past due, whichever occurs first, at which time appropriate collection and recovery efforts against both the borrower and the underlying collateral are initiated. For the recreation loan portfolio, the process to repossess the collateral is started at 60 days past due. If the collateral is not located and the account reaches 120 days delinquent, the account is charged-off. If the collateral is repossessed, a loss is recorded to write the collateral down to its fair value less selling costs, and the collateral is sent to auction. When the collateral is sold, the net auction proceeds are applied to the account, and any remaining balance is written off. Proceeds collected on charged-off accounts are recorded as a recovery. Total loans 90 days or more past due were $7,014,000 at March 31, 2020, or 0.60% of the total loan portfolio, compared to $8,663,000, or 0.76% at December 31, 2019.

On March 27, 2020, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act, or the CARES Act, was signed into law to address the economic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. Under the CARES Act and related guidance from the FDIC, the Company can temporarily suspend its delinquency and nonperforming treatment for certain loans that have been granted a payment accommodation that facilitates the borrowers’ ability to work through the immediate impact of the virus. Borrowers who were current prior to becoming affected by COVID-19 and then receive payment accommodations as a result of the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, generally are not reported as past due if all payments are current in accordance with the revised terms of the loans.   The

Page 11 of 61


 

Company has chosen to apply this part of the CARES Act in connection with eligible accommodations and will not report the applicable loans as past due for any payments not made during the deferment period.

In situations where, for economic or legal reasons related to a borrower’s financial difficulties, the Company grants concessions to the borrower for other than an insignificant period of time that the Company would not otherwise consider, the related loan is classified as a troubled debt restructuring, or TDR. The Company strives to identify borrowers in financial difficulty early and work with them to modify their loans to more affordable terms before they reach nonaccrual status. These modified terms may include rate reductions, principal forgiveness, term extensions, payment forbearance and other actions intended to minimize the economic loss to the Company and to avoid foreclosure or repossession of the collateral. For modifications where the Company forgives principal, the entire amount of such principal forgiveness is immediately charged off. Loans classified as TDRs are considered impaired loans. Beginning in the third quarter 2019, all consumer loans which are party to a Chapter 13 bankruptcy are immediately classified as TDRs. The Company’s policy with regard to bankrupt loans is take an immediate 40% write down of the loan balance. Under the CARES Act, during the applicable period beginning March 1, 2020 and ending on the earlier of December 31, 2020 or 60 days after the date which the coronavirus, or COVID-19, national emergency terminates, companies may elect to (a) suspend the requirements of US GAAP for loan modifications related to COVID-19 that would otherwise be categorized as TDRs and (b) suspend any determination of a loan modified as a result of the effects of COVID-19 as a TDR, including impairment for accounting purposes. Any such suspension is applicable for the term of the loan modification, but solely with respect to any modification that occurs during the applicable period for a loan that was not more than 30 days past due as of December 31, 2019, and shall not apply to any adverse impact on the credit of a borrower that is not related to COVID-19. As of March 31, 2020, there were no consumer or medallion loan modifications related to COVID-19 that would have otherwise been classified as a TDR, and therefore there was no need for the Company to elect this relief under the CARES Act during the quarter. However, we expect to have loan modifications related to COVID-19 that would apply under this provision of the CARES Act in the future.

Loan collateral in process of foreclosure primarily includes medallion loans that have reached 120 days past due and have been charged-down to their net realizable value, in addition to consumer repossessed collateral in the process of being sold. The medallion loan component reflects that the collection activities on the loans have transitioned from working with the borrower, to the liquidation of the collateral securing the loans.

The Company had $24,881,000 and $28,833,000 of net loans pledged as collateral under borrowing arrangements at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

The Company accounts for its sales of loans in accordance with FASB Accounting Standards Codification Topic 860, Transfers and Servicing, or FASB ASC 860, which provides accounting and reporting standards for transfers and servicing of financial assets and extinguishments of liabilities. In accordance with FASB ASC 860, the Company had elected the fair value measurement method for its servicing assets and liabilities. The principal portion of loans serviced for others by the Company and its affiliates was $108,515,000 at March 31, 2020 and $113,581,000 at December 31, 2019. The Company has evaluated the servicing aspect of its business in accordance with FASB ASC 860, which relates to servicing assets held by MFC (related to the remaining assets in Trust III) and the Bank, and determined that no material servicing asset or liability existed as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019. The Company assigned its servicing rights of the Bank’s portfolio to MSC. The costs of servicing were allocated to MSC by the Company, and the servicing fee income was billed to and collected from the Bank by MSC.

Allowance for Loan Losses

The allowance for loan losses is evaluated on a regular basis by management and is based upon management’s periodic review of the collectability of the loans in light of historical experience, the nature and volume of the loan portfolio, adverse situations that may affect the borrower’s ability to repay, estimated value of any underlying collateral, prevailing economic conditions, and excess concentration risks. In analyzing the adequacy of the allowance for loan losses, the Company uses historical delinquency and actual loss rates with a one year lookback period for consumer loans. For commercial loans deemed nonperforming, the historical loss experience and other projections are looked at. For medallion loans, delinquent nonperforming loans are valued at the median sales price over the most recent quarter, non-delinquent nonperforming loans are valued at the discounted cash flow if such loans were modified and it is clear that sources other than the taxi business were instrumental in keeping such loans current, and performing medallion loans are reserved utilizing historical loss ratios over a three-year lookback period. This evaluation is inherently subjective, as it requires estimates that are susceptible to significant revision as more information becomes available. As a result, reserves of $2,469,000 were recorded by the Company as a general reserve on medallion loans as an additional buffer against future losses, not including the Bank’s general reserve of $17,351,000 which was netted against loan balances at consolidation on April 2, 2018. Subsequent to April 2, 2018, the Bank recorded a general reserve benefit of $7,266,000. As a result of COVID-19, there was an increase in the reserve percentages ranging 25-50 basis points due to the uncertainty and potential impact on the consumer business. In addition, the Company continues to monitor the impact of COVID-19 on the consumer, commercial and medallion loans. Credit losses are deducted from the allowance and subsequent recoveries are added back to the allowance.

Page 12 of 61


 

Goodwill and Intangible Assets

The Company’s goodwill and intangible assets arose as a result of the excess of fair value over book value for several of the Company’s previously unconsolidated portfolio investment companies as of April 2, 2018. This fair value was brought forward under the change to bank holding company accounting, and was subject to a purchase price accounting allocation process conducted by an independent third party expert to arrive at the current categories and amounts. Goodwill is not amortized, but is subject to quarterly review by management to determine whether additional impairment testing is needed, and such testing is performed at least on an annual basis. Intangible assets are amortized over their useful life of approximately 20 years. As of March 31, 2020, December 31, 2019, and March 31, 2019, the Company had goodwill of $150,803,000, which all related to the Bank, and intangible assets of $52,175,000, $52,536,000 and $53,620,000, and the Company recognized $361,000 and $361,000 of amortization expense on the intangible assets for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019. Additionally, loan portfolio premiums of $12,387,000 were determined as of April 2, 2018, of which $5,429,000, $5,758,000, and $7,956,000 were outstanding at March 31, 2020, December 31, 2019, and March 31, 2019, and of which $329,000 and $1,092,000 were amortized to interest income for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019. The Company engaged an expert to assess the goodwill and intangibles for impairment at December 31, 2019, who concluded there was no impairment on the Bank and on the RPAC intangible asset. The Company reviewed the goodwill related to the Bank and the RPAC intangible assets and even with the current COVID-19 pandemic, concluded that there was no additional impairment as of March 31, 2020.

The table below shows the details of the intangible assets as of the dates presented.

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

Brand-related intellectual property

 

$

19,800

 

 

$

20,075

 

Home improvement contractor relationships

 

 

6,210

 

 

 

6,296

 

Race organization

 

 

26,165

 

 

 

26,165

 

Total intangible assets

 

$

52,175

 

 

$

52,536

 

 

Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are carried at cost less accumulated depreciation and amortization, and are depreciated on a straight-line basis over their estimated useful lives of 3 to 10 years. Leasehold improvements are amortized on a straight-line basis over the shorter of the lease term or the estimated economic useful life of the improvement. Depreciation and amortization expense was $121,000 and $100,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.

Deferred Costs

Deferred financing costs represent costs associated with obtaining the Company’s borrowing facilities, and are amortized on a straight line basis over the lives of the related financing agreements and life of the respective pool. Amortization expense was $723,000 and $520,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019. In addition, the Company capitalizes certain costs for transactions in the process of completion (other than business combinations), including those for potential investments, and the sourcing of other financing alternatives. Upon completion or termination of the transaction, any accumulated amounts will be amortized against income over an appropriate period, or written off. The amount on the Company’s balance sheet for all of these purposes were $4,674,000, $5,105,000, and $4,411,000 as of March 31, 2020, December 31, 2019, and March 31, 2019.

Page 13 of 61


 

Income Taxes

Income taxes are accounted for using the asset and liability approach in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 740, Income Taxes, or ASC 740. Deferred tax assets and liabilities reflect the impact of temporary differences between the carrying amount of assets and liabilities and their tax basis and are stated at tax rates expected to be in effect when taxes are actually paid or recovered. Deferred tax assets are also recorded for net operating losses, capital losses and any tax credit carryforwards. A valuation allowance is provided against a deferred tax asset when it is more likely than not that some or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. All available evidence, both positive and negative, is considered to determine whether a valuation allowance for deferred tax assets is needed. Items considered in determining our valuation allowance include expectations of future earnings of the appropriate tax character, recent historical financial results, tax planning strategies, the length of statutory carryforward periods and the expected timing of the reversal of temporary differences. The Company recognizes tax benefits of uncertain tax positions only when the position is more likely than not to be sustained assuming examination by tax authorities. The Company records income tax related interest and penalties, if applicable, within current income tax expense.

Sponsorship and Race Winnings

The Company accounts for sponsorship and race winnings revenue under FASB ASC Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. Sponsorship revenue is recognized when the Company’s performance obligations are completed in accordance with the contract terms of the sponsorship contract. Race winnings revenue is recognized after each race during the season based upon terms provided by NASCAR and the placement of the driver.

Earnings (Loss) Per Share (EPS)

Basic earnings (loss) per share are computed by dividing net income (loss) resulting from operations available to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period. Diluted earnings per share reflect the potential dilution that could occur if option contracts to issue common stock were exercised, or if restricted stock vests, and has been computed after giving consideration to the weighted average dilutive effect of the Company’s stock options and restricted stock. The Company uses the treasury stock method to calculate diluted EPS, which is a method of recognizing the use of proceeds that could be obtained upon exercise of options and warrants, including unvested compensation expense related to the shares, in computing diluted EPS. It assumes that any proceeds would be used to purchase common stock at the average market price during the period. The table below shows the calculation of basic and diluted EPS.

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

(Dollars in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Net income (loss) resulting from operations

   available to common stockholders

 

$

(13,643

)

 

$

1,228

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding applicable to

   basic EPS

 

 

24,401,773

 

 

 

24,288,263

 

Effect of dilutive stock options

 

 

 

 

 

17,423

 

Effect of restricted stock grants

 

 

 

 

 

311,204

 

Adjusted weighted average common shares outstanding

   applicable to diluted EPS

 

 

24,401,773

 

 

 

24,616,890

 

Basic income (loss) per share

 

$

(0.56

)

 

$

0.05

 

Diluted income (loss) per share

 

 

(0.56

)

 

 

0.05

 

 

Potentially dilutive common shares excluded from the above calculations aggregated 807,368 and 471,000 shares as of March 31, 2020 and 2019.

Stock Compensation

The Company follows FASB ASC Topic 718, or ASC 718, Compensation – Stock Compensation, for its equity incentive, stock option, and restricted stock plans, and accordingly, the Company recognizes the expense of these grants as required. Stock-based employee compensation costs pertaining to stock options are reflected in net income resulting from operations for any new grants using the fair values established by usage of the Black-Scholes option pricing model, expensed over the vesting period of the underlying option. Stock-based employee compensation costs pertaining to restricted stock are reflected in net income resulting from operations for any new grants using the grant date fair value of the shares granted, expensed over the vesting period of the underlying stock.

Page 14 of 61


 

During the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company issued 165,674 and 163,098 of restricted shares of stock-based compensation awards, issued 335,773 and 374,377 shares of other stock-based compensation awards, and issued no restricted stock units and recognized $466,000 and $165,000, or $0.02 and $0.01 per share, for each period, of non-cash stock-based compensation expense related to the grants. As of March 31, 2020, the total remaining unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested stock options and restricted stock was $3,369,000, which is expected to be recognized over the next 16 quarters (see Note 8).

Regulatory Capital

The Bank is subject to various regulatory capital requirements administered by the FDIC and the Utah Department of Financial Institutions. Failure to meet minimum capital requirements can initiate certain mandatory and possible additional discretionary actions by regulators that, if undertaken, could have a direct material effect on the Bank’s financial statements. Under capital adequacy guidelines and the regulatory framework for prompt corrective action, the Bank must meet specific capital guidelines that involve quantitative measures of the Bank’s assets, liabilities, and certain off-balance sheet items as calculated under regulatory accounting practices. The Bank’s capital amounts and classifications are also subject to qualitative judgments by the bank regulators about components, risk weightings, and other factors.

FDIC-insured banks, including the Bank, are subject to certain federal laws, which impose various legal limitations on the extent to which banks may finance or otherwise supply funds to certain of their affiliates. In particular, the Bank is subject to certain restrictions on any extensions of credit to, or other covered transactions, such as certain purchases of assets, with the Company or its affiliates.

Quantitative measures established by regulation to ensure capital adequacy require the Bank to maintain minimum amounts and ratios as defined in the regulations (set forth in the table below). Additionally, as conditions of granting the Bank’s application for federal deposit insurance, the FDIC ordered that the Tier 1 leverage capital to total assets ratio, as defined, be not less than 15%, which could preclude its ability to pay dividends to the Company, and that an adequate allowance for loan losses be maintained. As of March 31, 2020, the Bank’s Tier 1 leverage ratio was 18.78%. The Bank’s actual capital amounts and ratios, and the regulatory minimum ratios are presented in the following table.

 

 

 

Regulatory

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Minimum

 

 

Well-

Capitalized

 

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

Common equity Tier 1 capital

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

154,592

 

 

$

158,187

 

Tier 1 capital

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

223,380

 

 

 

226,975

 

Total capital

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

238,691

 

 

 

241,842

 

Average assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,189,201

 

 

 

1,172,866

 

Risk-weighted assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,174,118

 

 

 

1,144,337

 

Leverage ratio(1)

 

 

4.0

%

 

 

5.0

%

 

 

18.8

%

 

 

19.4

%

Common equity Tier 1 capital ratio(2)

 

 

7.0

 

 

 

6.5

 

 

 

13.2

 

 

 

13.8

 

Tier 1 capital ratio(3)

 

 

8.5

 

 

 

8.0

 

 

 

19.0

 

 

 

19.8

 

Total capital ratio(3)

 

 

10.5

 

 

 

10.0

 

 

 

20.3

 

 

 

21.1

 

 

(1)

Calculated by dividing Tier 1 capital by average assets.

(2)

Calculated by subtracting preferred stock or non-controlling interest from Tier 1 capital and dividing by risk-weighted assets.

(3)

Calculated by dividing Tier 1 or total capital by risk-weighted assets.

In the table above, the minimum risk-based ratios as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 reflect the capital conservation buffer of 2.5%. The minimum regulatory requirements, inclusive of the capital conservation buffer, were the binding requirements for the risk-based requirements, and the “well-capitalized” requirements were the binding requirements for Tier 1 leverage capital as of both March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

Recently Issued Accounting Standards

In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12 “Income Taxes, or Topic 740: Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes.” The objective of this update is to simplify the accounting for income taxes by removing certain exceptions to the general principles and improve consistent application of and simplify other areas of Topic 740. The amendments in this update are effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2020, and interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company does not believe this update will have a material impact on its financial condition.

Page 15 of 61


 

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses, or Topic 326: Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments. The main objective of this new standard is to provide financial statement users with more decision-useful information about the expected credit losses on financial assets and other commitments to extend credit held by a reporting entity at each reporting date. Under the FASB’s new standard, the concepts used by entities to account for credit losses on financial instruments will fundamentally change. The existing “probable” and “incurred” loss recognition threshold is removed. Loss estimates are based upon lifetime “expected” credit losses. The use of past and current events must now be supplemented with “reasonable and supportable” expectations about the future to determine the amount of credit loss. The collective changes to the recognition and measurement accounting standards for financial instruments and their anticipated impact on the allowance for credit losses modeling have been universally referred to as the CECL (current expected credit loss) model. ASU 2016-13 applies to all entities and is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019 for public entities, with early adoption permitted. In November 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-10 to defer implementation of the standard for smaller reporting companies, such as the Company, to fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022. The Company is assessing the impact the update will have on its financial statements, and expects the update to have a material impact on the Company’s accounting for estimated credit losses on its loans.

Reclassifications

Certain reclassifications have been made to prior year balances to conform with the current year presentation. These reclassifications have no effect on the previously reported results of operations.

(3) INVESTMENT SECURITIES

Fixed maturity securities available for sale as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 consisted of the following:

 

March 31, 2020

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Amortized

Cost

 

 

Gross

Unrealized

Gains

 

 

Gross

Unrealized

Losses

 

 

Fair Value

 

Mortgage-backed securities, principally obligations of US

   federal agencies

 

$

35,237

 

 

$

746

 

 

$

(139

)

 

$

35,844

 

State and municipalities

 

 

10,301

 

 

 

55

 

 

 

(73

)

 

 

10,283

 

Total

 

$

45,538

 

 

$

801

 

 

$

(212

)

 

$

46,127

 

 

December 31, 2019

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Amortized Cost

 

 

Gross

Unrealized

Gains

 

 

Gross

Unrealized

Losses

 

 

Fair Value

 

Mortgage-backed securities, principally obligations of

   US federal agencies

 

$

36,335

 

 

$

411

 

 

$

(112

)

 

$

36,634

 

State and municipalities

 

 

12,279

 

 

 

186

 

 

 

(101

)

 

 

12,364

 

Total

 

$

48,614

 

 

$

597

 

 

$

(213

)

 

$

48,998

 

 

The amortized cost and estimated market value of investment securities as of March 31, 2020 by contractual maturity are shown below. Actual maturities will differ from contractual maturities because borrowers may have the right to call or prepay obligations with or without call or prepayment penalties.

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Amortized Cost

 

 

Fair Value

 

Due in one year or less

 

$

25

 

 

$

25

 

Due after one year through five years

 

 

11,901

 

 

 

12,001

 

Due after five years through ten years

 

 

10,490

 

 

 

10,663

 

Due after ten years

 

 

23,122

 

 

 

23,438

 

Total

 

$

45,538

 

 

$

46,127

 

 

Page 16 of 61


 

The following tables show information pertaining to securities with gross unrealized losses at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, aggregated by investment category and length of time that individual securities have been in a continuous loss position.

 

 

 

Less than Twelve Months

 

 

Twelve Months and Over

 

March 31, 2020

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Gross Unrealized

Losses

 

 

Fair Value

 

 

Gross Unrealized

Losses

 

 

Fair Value

 

Mortgage-backed securities, principally obligations

   of US federal agencies

 

$

(139

)

 

$

6,361

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

State and municipalities

 

 

(22

)

 

 

3,642

 

 

 

(51

)

 

 

2,169

 

Total

 

$

(161

)

 

$

10,003

 

 

$

(51

)

 

$

2,169

 

 

 

 

Less than Twelve Months

 

 

Twelve Months and Over

 

December 31, 2019

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Gross Unrealized

Losses

 

 

Fair Value

 

 

Gross Unrealized

Losses

 

 

Fair Value

 

Mortgage-backed securities, principally obligations of

   US federal agencies

 

$

(74

)

 

$

8,291

 

 

$

(38

)

 

$

4,939

 

State and municipalities

 

 

(17

)

 

 

2,099

 

 

 

(84

)

 

 

2,739

 

Total

 

$

(91

)

 

$

10,390

 

 

$

(122

)

 

$

7,678

 

 

Unrealized losses on securities have not been recognized into income because the issuers’ bonds are of high credit quality, and the Company has the intent and ability to hold the securities for the foreseeable future. The fair value is expected to recover as the bonds approach the maturity date.

(4) LOANS AND ALLOWANCE FOR LOAN LOSSES

The following table shows the major classification of loans, inclusive of capitalized loan origination costs, at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

 

 

 

As of March 31, 2020

 

 

As of December 31, 2019

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Amount

 

 

As a Percent of

Gross Loans

 

 

Amount

 

 

As a Percent of

Gross Loans

 

Recreation

 

$

735,175

 

 

 

62

%

 

$

713,332

 

 

 

62

%

Home improvement

 

 

255,899

 

 

 

22

 

 

 

247,324

 

 

 

21

 

Commercial

 

 

68,257

 

 

 

6

 

 

 

69,767

 

 

 

6

 

Medallion

 

 

124,448

 

 

 

10

 

 

 

130,432

 

 

 

11

 

Total gross loans

 

 

1,183,779

 

 

 

100

%

 

 

1,160,855

 

 

 

100

%

Allowance for loan losses

 

 

(54,057

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(46,093

)

 

 

 

 

Total net loans

 

$

1,129,722

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

1,114,762

 

 

 

 

 

 

The following tables show the activity of the gross loans for the three ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.

 

Three Months Ended March 31, 2020

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Recreation

 

 

Home

Improvement

 

 

Commercial

 

 

Medallion

 

 

Total

 

Gross loans – December 31, 2019

 

$

713,332

 

 

$

247,324

 

 

$

69,767

 

 

$

130,432

 

 

$

1,160,855

 

Loan originations

 

 

69,643

 

 

 

33,465

 

 

 

2,175

 

 

 

 

 

 

105,283

 

Principal payments

 

 

(37,070

)

 

 

(24,225

)

 

 

(3,999

)

 

 

(2,075

)

 

 

(67,369

)

Charge-offs, net

 

 

(6,382

)

 

 

(636

)

 

 

 

 

 

(1,559

)

 

 

(8,577

)

Transfer to loan collateral in process of foreclosure, net

 

 

(4,779

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2,159

)

 

 

(6,938

)

Amortization of origination costs

 

 

(1,728

)

 

 

441

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

(19

)

 

 

(1,304

)

Amortization of loan premium

 

 

(52

)

 

 

(86

)

 

 

 

 

��

(191

)

 

 

(329

)

FASB origination costs

 

 

2,211

 

 

 

(384

)

 

 

19

 

 

 

19

 

 

 

1,865

 

Paid-in-kind interest

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

293

 

 

 

 

 

 

293

 

Gross loans – March 31, 2020

 

$

735,175

 

 

$

255,899

 

 

$

68,257

 

 

$

124,448

 

 

$

1,183,779

 

Page 17 of 61


 

 

Three Months Ended March 31, 2019

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Recreation

 

 

Home

Improvement

 

 

Commercial

 

 

Medallion

 

 

Total

 

Gross loans – December 31, 2018

 

$

587,038

 

 

$

183,155

 

 

$

64,083

 

 

$

183,606

 

 

$

1,017,882

 

Loan originations

 

 

63,632

 

 

 

26,647

 

 

 

500

 

 

 

 

 

 

90,779

 

Principal payments

 

 

(33,373

)

 

 

(15,849

)

 

 

(9,580

)

 

 

(3,438

)

 

 

(62,240

)

Charge-offs, net

 

 

(4,929

)

 

 

(159

)

 

 

 

 

 

(7,788

)

 

 

(12,876

)

Transfer to loan collateral in process of foreclosure, net

 

 

(3,391

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(5,705

)

 

 

(9,096

)

Amortization of origination costs

 

 

(1,438

)

 

 

346

 

 

 

29

 

 

 

(88

)

 

 

(1,151

)

Amortization of loan premium

 

 

(70

)

 

 

(109

)

 

 

 

 

 

(913

)

 

 

(1,092

)

FASB origination costs

 

 

2,530

 

 

 

(756

)

 

 

(58

)

 

 

41

 

 

 

1,757

 

Paid-in-kind interest

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

237

 

 

 

 

 

 

237

 

Gross loans – March 31, 2019

 

$

609,999

 

 

$

193,275

 

 

$

55,211

 

 

$

165,715

 

 

$

1,024,200

 

 

The following table sets forth the activity in the allowance for loan losses for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Allowance for loan losses – beginning

   balance

 

$

46,093

 

 

$

36,395

 

Charge-offs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Recreation

 

 

(8,244

)

 

 

(6,525

)

Home improvement

 

 

(1,011

)

 

 

(549

)

Commercial

 

 

 

 

 

Medallion

 

 

(1,924

)

 

 

(8,788

)

Total charge-offs

 

 

(11,179

)

 

 

(15,862

)

Recoveries

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Recreation

 

 

1,862

 

 

 

1,596

 

Home improvement

 

 

375

 

 

 

390

 

Commercial

 

 

 

 

 

Medallion

 

 

365

 

 

 

1,000

 

Total recoveries

 

 

2,602

 

 

 

2,986

 

Net charge-offs(1)

 

 

(8,577

)

 

 

(12,876

)

Provision for loan losses

 

 

16,541

 

 

 

13,343

 

Allowance for loan losses – ending balance(2)

 

$

54,057

 

 

$

36,862

 

 

(1)

As of March 31, 2020, cumulative net charge-offs of loans and loan collateral in process of foreclosure in the medallion loan portfolio were $243,428, representing collection opportunities for the Company.

(2)

Includes $2,469 of a general reserve for the Company, for current and performing medallion loans under 90 days past due, as an additional buffer against future losses, representing 5% of the total allowance, and 2.07% of the medallion loans under 90 days past due as of March 31, 2020. This figure excludes $17,351 of a general reserve on loans at the Bank, which was netted against loan balances at consolidation on April 2, 2018. Subsequent to April 2, 2018, the Bank recorded a general reserve benefit of $7,266.

The following tables set forth the allowance for loan losses by type as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

 

March 31, 2020

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Amount

 

 

Percentage of

Allowance

 

 

Allowance as a

Percent of Loan

Category

 

Recreation

 

$

22,294

 

 

 

41

%

 

 

3.03

%

Home improvement

 

 

3,507

 

 

 

7

 

 

 

1.37

 

Commercial

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

0.00

 

Medallion

 

 

28,256

 

 

 

52

 

 

 

22.71

 

Total

 

$

54,057

 

 

 

100

%

 

 

4.57

%

Page 18 of 61


 

 

December 31, 2019

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Amount

 

 

Percentage of

Allowance

 

 

Allowance as a

Percent of Loan

Category

 

Recreation

 

$

18,075

 

 

 

39

%

 

 

2.53

%

Home improvement

 

 

2,608

 

 

 

6

 

 

 

1.05

 

Commercial

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Medallion

 

 

25,410

 

 

 

55

 

 

 

19.48

 

Total

 

$

46,093

 

 

 

100

%

 

 

3.97

%

 

The following table presents total nonaccrual loans and foregone interest, substantially all of which is in the medallion portfolio. The fluctuation in nonaccrual interest foregone is due to past due loans and market conditions.

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

 

March 31, 2019

 

Total nonaccrual loans

 

$

61,635

 

 

$

26,484

 

 

$

21,549

 

Interest foregone quarter to date

 

 

623

 

 

 

1,121

 

 

 

403

 

Amount of foregone interest applied

   to principal in the quarter

 

 

52

 

 

 

53

 

 

 

115

 

Interest foregone life to date

 

 

3,358

 

 

 

2,744

 

 

 

1,634

 

Amount of foregone interest applied

   to principal life to date

 

 

494

 

 

 

471

 

 

 

819

 

Percentage of nonaccrual loans to gross loan

   portfolio

 

 

5

%

 

 

2

%

 

 

2

%

 

The following tables present the performance status of loans as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

 

March 31, 2020

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Performing

 

 

Nonperforming

 

 

Total

 

 

Percentage of

Nonperforming

to Total

 

Recreation

 

$

727,847

 

 

$

7,328

 

 

$

735,175

 

 

 

1.00

%

Home improvement

 

 

255,677

 

 

 

222

 

 

 

255,899

 

 

 

0.09

 

Commercial

 

 

56,395

 

 

 

11,862

 

 

 

68,257

 

 

 

17.38

 

Medallion

 

 

81,856

 

 

 

42,592

 

 

 

124,448

 

 

 

34.22

 

Total

 

$

1,121,775

 

 

$

62,004

 

(1)

$

1,183,779

 

 

 

5.24

%

 

December 31, 2019

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Performing

 

 

Nonperforming

 

 

Total

 

 

Percentage of

Nonperforming

to Total

 

Recreation

 

$

705,070

 

 

$

8,262

 

 

$

713,332

 

 

 

1.16

%

Home improvement

 

 

247,139

 

 

 

185

 

 

 

247,324

 

 

 

0.07

 

Commercial

 

 

57,905

 

 

 

11,862

 

 

 

69,767

 

 

 

17.00

 

Medallion

 

 

88,248

 

 

 

42,184

 

 

 

130,432

 

 

 

32.34

 

Total

 

$

1,098,362

 

 

$

62,493

 

(1)

$

1,160,855

 

 

 

5.38

%

 

 

(1)

Includes $369 and $36,009 of TDRs as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, which are accruing and paying currently, but which are considered nonperforming loans under GAAP.

Page 19 of 61


 

For those loans aged under 90 days past due, there is a possibility that their delinquency status will continue to deteriorate and they will subsequently be placed on nonaccrual status and be reserved for, and as such, deemed nonperforming.

The following tables provide additional information on attributes of the nonperforming loan portfolio as of March 31, 2020 and 2019, and December 31, 2019, all of which had an allowance recorded against the principal balance.

 

 

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2020

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Recorded

Investment

 

 

Unpaid

Principal

Balance

 

 

Related

Allowance

 

 

Average

Recorded

Investment

 

 

Interest

Income

Recognized

 

With an allowance recorded

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Recreation

 

$

7,328

 

 

$

7,328

 

 

$

318

 

 

$

7,456

 

 

$

161

 

Home improvement

 

 

222

 

 

 

222

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

222

 

 

 

 

Commercial

 

 

11,862

 

 

 

11,867

 

 

 

 

 

 

11,976

 

 

 

1

 

Medallion

 

 

42,592

 

 

 

43,081

 

 

 

20,011

 

 

 

45,105

 

 

 

415

 

Total nonperforming loans

  with an allowance

 

$

62,004

 

 

$

62,498

 

 

$

20,333

 

 

$

64,759

 

 

$

577

 

 

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

 

March 31, 2019

 

 

For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2019

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Recorded

Investment

 

 

Unpaid

Principal

Balance

 

 

Related

Allowance

 

 

Recorded

Investment

 

 

Unpaid

Principal

Balance

 

 

Related

Allowance

 

 

Average

Investment

Recorded

 

 

Interest

Income

Recognized

 

With an allowance recorded

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Recreation

 

$

8,262

 

 

$

8,262

 

 

$

329

 

 

$

5,137

 

 

$

5,137

 

 

$

183

 

 

$

5,173

 

 

$

132

 

Home improvement

 

 

185

 

 

 

185

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

158

 

 

 

158

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

158

 

 

 

 

Commercial

 

 

11,862

 

 

 

11,867

 

 

 

 

 

 

4,265

 

 

 

4,360

 

 

 

455

 

 

 

4,233

 

 

 

 

Medallion

 

 

42,184

 

 

 

42,650

 

 

 

14,824

 

 

 

23,692

 

 

 

24,416

 

 

 

19,116

 

 

 

26,942

 

 

 

153

 

Total nonperforming loans

   with an allowance

 

$

62,493

 

 

$

62,964

 

 

$

15,156

 

 

$

33,252

 

 

$

34,071

 

 

$

19,757

 

 

$

36,506

 

 

$

285

 

 

The following tables show the aging of all loans as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

 

 

 

Days Past Due

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

March 31, 2020

(Dollars in thousands)

 

30-59

 

 

60-89

 

 

90 +

 

 

Total

 

 

Current

 

 

Total (1)

 

 

Recorded

Investment

90 Days and

Accruing

 

Recreation

 

$

28,231

 

 

$

6,660

 

 

$

5,225

 

 

$

40,116

 

 

$

671,107

 

 

$

711,223

 

 

$

 

Home improvement

 

 

912

 

 

 

164

 

 

 

220

 

 

 

1,296

 

 

 

258,136

 

 

 

259,432

 

 

 

 

Commercial

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

107

 

 

 

107

 

 

 

68,150

 

 

 

68,257

 

 

 

 

Medallion

 

 

12,718

 

 

 

15,996

 

 

 

1,462

 

 

 

30,176

 

 

 

90,318

 

 

 

120,494

 

 

 

 

Total

 

$

41,861

 

 

$

22,820

 

 

$

7,014

 

 

$

71,695

 

 

$

1,087,711

 

 

$

1,159,406

 

 

$

 

 

(1)

Excludes loan premiums of $5,429 resulting from purchase price accounting and $18,944 of capitalized loan origination costs.

 

 

 

Days Past Due

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

December 31, 2019

(Dollars in thousands)

 

30-59

 

 

60-89

 

 

90 +

 

 

Total

 

 

Current

 

 

Total (1)

 

 

Recorded

Investment

90 Days and

Accruing

 

Recreation

 

$

27,357

 

 

$

8,426

 

 

$

5,800

 

 

$

41,583

 

 

$

648,227

 

 

$

689,810

 

 

$

 

Home improvement

 

 

931

 

 

 

427

 

 

 

184

 

 

 

1,542

 

 

 

249,288

 

 

 

250,830

 

 

 

 

Commercial

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

107

 

 

 

107

 

 

 

69,660

 

 

 

69,767

 

 

 

 

Medallion

 

 

12,491

 

 

 

2,118

 

 

 

2,572

 

 

 

17,181

 

 

 

109,106

 

 

 

126,287

 

 

 

 

Total

 

$

40,779

 

 

$

10,971

 

 

$

8,663

 

 

$

60,413

 

 

$

1,076,281

 

 

$

1,136,694

 

 

$

 

 

(1)

Excludes loan premiums of $5,758 resulting from purchase price accounting and $18,403 of capitalized loan origination costs.

Page 20 of 61


 

The Company estimates that the weighted average loan-to-value ratio of the medallion loans was approximately 244%, 190%, and 213% as of March 31, 2020, December 31, 2019, and March 31, 2019.

The following table shows the TDRs which the Company entered into during the three months ended March 31, 2020.

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Number of

Loans

 

 

Pre-

Modification

Investment

 

 

Post-

Modification

Investment

 

Recreation loans

 

 

33

 

 

$

502

 

 

$

434

 

Medallion loans

 

 

13

 

 

 

1,121

 

 

 

1,121

 

 

During the twelve months ended March 31, 2020, 28 medallion loans modified as TDRs were in default and had an investment value of $13,113,000 as of March 31, 2020, net of a $6,868,000 allowance for loan losses, and 106 recreation loans modified as TDRs were in default and had an investment value of $1,115,000 as of March 31, 2020, net of a $48,000 allowance for loan losses.

The following table shows the troubled debt restructurings which the Company entered into during the three months ended March 31, 2019.

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Number of

Loans

 

 

Pre-

Modification

Investment

 

 

Post-

Modification

Investment

 

Medallion loans

 

 

7

 

 

$

2,895

 

 

$

2,895

 

 

During the twelve months ended March 31, 2019, four loans modified as TDRs were in default and had an investment value of $1,396,000 as of March 31, 2019, net of a $938,000 allowance for loan losses.

The following tables show the activity of the loan collateral in process of foreclosure, which relate only to the recreation and medallion loans, for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.

 

Three Months Ended March 31, 2020

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Recreation

 

 

Medallion

 

 

Total

 

Loan collateral in process of foreclosure – December 31, 2019

 

$

1,476

 

 

$

51,235

 

 

$

52,711

 

Transfer from loans, net

 

 

4,779

 

 

 

2,159

 

 

 

6,938

 

Sales

 

 

(1,999

)

 

 

(300

)

 

 

(2,299

)

Cash payments received

 

 

 

 

 

(1,708

)

 

 

(1,708

)

Collateral valuation adjustments

 

 

(2,539

)

 

 

(6,286

)

 

 

(8,825

)

Loan collateral in process of foreclosure – March 31, 2020

 

$

1,717

 

 

$

45,100

 

 

$

46,817

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31, 2019

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Recreation

 

 

Medallion

 

 

Total

 

Loan collateral in process of foreclosure – December 31, 2018

 

$

1,503

 

 

$

47,992

 

 

$

49,495

 

Transfer from loans, net

 

 

3,391

 

 

 

5,705

 

 

 

9,096

 

Sales

 

 

(2,076

)

 

 

(377

)

 

 

(2,453

)

Cash payments received

 

 

 

 

 

(2,573

)

 

 

(2,573

)

Collateral valuation adjustments

 

 

(1,638

)

 

 

(2,119

)

 

 

(3,757

)

Loan collateral in process of foreclosure – March 31, 2019

 

$

1,180

 

 

$

48,628

 

 

$

49,808

 

 

 

 

Page 21 of 61


 

(5) FUNDS BORROWED

The outstanding balances of funds borrowed were as follows:

 

 

 

Payments Due for the Twelve Months Ending March 31,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

2021

 

 

2022

 

 

2023

 

 

2024

 

 

2025

 

 

Thereafter

 

 

March 31, 2020(1)

 

 

December 31, 2019(1)

 

 

Interest

Rate (2)

 

Deposits

 

$

299,462

 

 

$

267,101

 

 

$

213,842

 

 

$

124,156

 

 

$

57,955

 

 

$—

 

 

$

962,516

 

 

$

954,245

 

 

 

2.25

%

SBA debentures and

   borrowings

 

 

28,951

 

 

 

 

 

5,000

 

 

 

2,500

 

 

 

12,500

 

 

 

22,500

 

 

 

71,451

 

 

 

71,746

 

 

 

3.42

 

Retail and privately placed

   notes

 

 

 

 

33,625

 

 

 

 

 

36,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

69,625

 

 

 

69,625

 

 

 

8.61

 

Notes payable to banks

 

 

31,453

 

 

 

280

 

 

 

280

 

 

 

210

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

32,223

 

 

 

33,183

 

 

 

3.88

 

Preferred securities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

33,000

 

 

 

33,000

 

 

 

33,000

 

 

 

3.13

 

Other borrowings

 

 

500

 

 

 

7,330

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7,830

 

 

 

7,794

 

 

 

2.00

 

Total

 

$

360,366

 

 

$

308,336

 

 

$

219,122

 

 

$

162,866

 

 

$

70,455

 

 

$

55,500

 

 

$

1,176,645

 

 

$

1,169,593

 

 

 

2.77

%

 

(1)

Excludes deferred financing costs of $4,674 and $5,105 as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

(2)

Weighted average contractual rate as of March 31, 2020.

(A) DEPOSITS

Deposits are raised through the use of investment brokerage firms who package deposits qualifying for FDIC insurance into pools that are sold to the Bank. The rates paid on the deposits are highly competitive with market rates paid by other financial institutions. Additionally, a brokerage fee is paid, depending on the maturity of the deposits, which averages less than 0.15%. Interest on the deposits is accrued daily and paid monthly, quarterly, semiannually, or at maturity. All time deposits are in denominations of less than $250,000 and have been originated through certificates of deposit broker relationships. The table presents time deposits of $100,000 or more by their maturity as of March 31, 2020.

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

March 31, 2020

 

Three months or less

 

$

111,413

 

Over three months through six months

 

 

101,258

 

Over six months through one year

 

 

86,791

 

Over one year

 

 

663,054

 

Total deposits

 

$

962,516

 

 

 

(B) SBA DEBENTURES AND BORROWINGS

Over the years, the SBA has approved commitments for MCI and FSVC, typically for a four and half year term and a 1% fee, which was paid. During 2017, the SBA restructured FSVC’s debentures with SBA totaling $33,485,000 in principal into a new loan by the SBA to FSVC in the principal amount of $34,024,756, or the SBA Loan. In connection with the SBA Loan, FSVC executed a Note, or the SBA Note, with an effective date of March 1, 2017, in favor of SBA, in the principal amount of $34,024,756. The SBA Loan bears interest at a rate of 3.25% per annum, required a minimum of $5,000,000 of principal and interest to be paid on or before February 1, 2018 (which was paid) and a minimum of $7,600,000 of principal and interest to be paid on or before March 27, 2019 (which was paid), and all remaining unpaid principal and interest on or before February 1, 2020, the final maturity date, which was subsequently extended to June 1, 2020. The SBA Loan agreement contains covenants and events of defaults, including, without limitation, payment defaults, breaches of representations and warranties and covenants defaults. As of March 31, 2020, $172,485,000 of commitments had been fully utilized, there were $3,000,000 of commitments available, and $71,451,000 was outstanding, including $20,451,000 under the SBA Note.

Page 22 of 61


 

(C) NOTES PAYABLE TO BANKS

The Company and its subsidiaries have entered into note agreements with a variety of local and regional banking institutions over the years. The notes are typically secured by various assets of the underlying borrower.

The table below summarizes the key attributes of the Company’s various borrowing arrangements with these lenders as of March 31, 2020.

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Borrower

 

# of

Lenders/

Notes

 

Note

Dates

 

Maturity

Dates

 

Type

 

Note

Amounts

 

 

 

Balance

Outstanding

at March 31,

2020

 

 

Payment

 

Average

Interest

Rate at

March 31,

2020

 

 

Interest

Rate

Index(1)

Medallion Financial

   Corp.

 

5/5

 

4/11 - 8/14

 

9/20 - 3/21

 

Term loans

and demand

notes secured

by pledged

loans(2)

 

$

20,416

 

(2)

 

$

20,416

 

 

Interest

only(3)

 

 

4.07

%

 

Various(3)

Medallion Chicago

 

2/23

 

11/11 - 12/11

 

2/21

 

Term loans

secured by

owned

Chicago

medallions(4)

 

 

18,449

 

 

 

 

10,687

 

 

$134 of

principal &

interest

paid

monthly

 

 

3.50

%

 

N/A

Medallion Funding

 

1/1

 

11/18

 

12/23

 

 

 

 

1,400

 

 

 

 

1,120

 

 

$70

principal &

interest

paid

quarterly

 

 

4.00

%

 

N/A

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

40,265

 

 

 

$

32,223

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1)

At March 31, 2020, 30 day LIBOR was 0.99%, 360 day LIBOR was 1.00%, and the prime rate was 3.25%.

(2)

One note has an interest rate of Prime, one note has an interest rate of Prime plus 0.50%, one note has a fixed interest rate of 3.75%, one note has an interest rate of LIBOR plus 3.75%, and the other interest rates on these borrowings are LIBOR plus 2%.

(3)

Various agreements call for remittance of all principal received on pledged loans subject to minimum monthly payments ranging up to or from $12 to $81.

(4)

Guaranteed by the Company.

On July 6, 2019, the Company paid $10,819,000 at maturity in satisfaction of all its outstanding obligations under one of its credit facilities. In connection with this payment, the Company obtained a waiver from one of its other lenders, with a term note of $2,150,000, of certain resulting repayment and other obligations, which waiver expires on December 15, 2020.

In March 2019, the Company used some of the proceeds of the privately placed notes to pay off one of the notes payable to banks at a 50% discount, resulting in a gain on debt extinguishment of $4,145,000 in the 2019 first quarter.

In November 2018, MFC entered into a note to the benefit of DZ Bank for $1,400,000 at a 4.00% interest rate due December 2023, as part of the restructuring of the DZ loan. See Note 15 for more information.

As a result of the anticipated cash flow shortages due to the slowdown in the taxi industry resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic, the Company received 60-90 day payment deferrals terminating between May and June for the notes payable to banks described above. The Company is currently in the process of requesting extensions of such deferrals; however, there can be no assurance that such extensions will be received.

(D) RETAIL AND PRIVATELY PLACED NOTES

In March 2019, the Company completed a private placement to certain institutional investors of $30,000,000 aggregate principal amount of 8.25% unsecured senior notes due 2024, with interest payable semiannually. The Company used the net proceeds from the offering for general corporate purposes, including repaying certain borrowings under its notes payable to banks at a discount which led

Page 23 of 61


 

to a gain of $4,145,000 in the 2019 first quarter. In August 2019, the private placement was reopened and an additional $6,000,000 principal amount of notes was issued to certain institutional investors.

In April 2016, the Company issued a total of $33,625,000 aggregate principal amount of 9.00% unsecured notes due 2021, with interest payable quarterly in arrears. The Company used the net proceeds from the offering of approximately $31,786,000 to make loans and other investments in portfolio companies and for general corporate purposes, including repaying borrowings under its DZ loan in the ordinary course of business.

(E) PREFERRED SECURITIES

In June 2007, the Company issued and sold $36,083,000 aggregate principal amount of unsecured junior subordinated notes to Fin Trust which, in turn, sold $35,000,000 of preferred securities to Merrill Lynch International and issued 1,083 shares of common stock to the Company. The notes bear a variable rate of interest of 90 day LIBOR (1.45% at March 31, 2020) plus 2.13%. The notes mature in September 2037 and are prepayable at par. Interest is payable quarterly in arrears. The terms of the preferred securities and the notes are substantially identical. In December 2007, $2,000,000 of the preferred securities were repurchased from a third party investor. At March 31, 2020, $33,000,000 was outstanding on the preferred securities.

(F) OTHER BORROWINGS

In November and December 2017, RPAC amended the terms of various promissory notes with affiliate Richard Petty (refer to Note 11 for more details). At March 31, 2020, the total outstanding on these notes was $7,330,000 at a 2.00% annual interest rate compounded monthly and due March 31, 2022. Additionally, RPAC has a short term promissory note to an unrelated party for $500,000 due on December 31, 2020.

(G) COVENANT COMPLIANCE

Certain of the Company’s debt agreements contain restrictions that require the Company and its subsidiaries to maintain certain financial ratios, including debt to equity and minimum net worth. The Company was not in compliance with a financial covenant with respect to one of the Company’s notes payable to banks as of March 31, 2020. The Company has requested to amend such covenant in the loan agreement with such lender. Historically, the Company has received approvals for similar amendments. However, there can be no assurance that such approval will be received. Except as previously set forth, the Company was in compliance with such restrictions as of March 31, 2020.

(6) LEASES

The Company has leased premises that expire at various dates through November 30, 2027 subject to various operating leases. The Company has implemented ASC Topic 842 under a modified retrospective approach in which no adjustments have been made to the prior year balances.

The following table presents the operating lease costs and additional information for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Operating lease costs

 

$

596

 

 

$

531

 

Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating cash flows from operating leases

 

 

692

 

 

 

587

 

Right-of-use asset obtained in exchange for lease liability

 

 

(14

)

 

 

(16

)

Page 24 of 61


 

 

The following table presents the breakout of the operating leases as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

Operating lease right-of-use assets

 

$

12,973

 

 

$

13,482

 

Other current liabilities

 

 

2,112

 

 

 

2,085

 

Operating lease liabilities

 

 

12,186

 

 

 

12,738

 

Total operating lease liabilities

 

 

14,298

 

 

 

14,823

 

Weighted average remaining lease term

 

7.1 years

 

 

7.3 years

 

Weighted average discount rate

 

 

5.54

%

 

 

5.54

%

At March 31, 2020, maturities of the lease liabilities were as follows.

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

 

 

 

Remainder of 2020

 

$

1,928

 

2021

 

 

2,473

 

2022

 

 

2,411

 

2023

 

 

2,356

 

2024

 

 

2,373

 

Thereafter

 

 

5,962

 

Total lease payments

 

$

17,503

 

Less imputed interest

 

 

3,205

 

Total operating lease liabilities

 

$

14,298

 

 

(7) INCOME TAXES

The Company is subject to federal and applicable state corporate income taxes on its taxable ordinary income and capital gains. As a corporation taxed under Subchapter C of the Internal Revenue Code, the Company is able, and intends, to file a consolidated federal income tax return with corporate subsidiaries, in which it holds 80% or more of the outstanding equity interest measured by both vote and fair value.

The following table sets forth the significant components of our deferred and other tax assets and liabilities as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

Goodwill and other intangibles

 

$

(45,423

)

 

$

(45,595

)

Provision for loan losses

 

 

20,748

 

 

 

19,198

 

Net operating loss carryforwards(1)

 

 

24,327

 

 

 

22,607

 

Accrued expenses, compensation, and other assets

 

 

1,701

 

 

 

1,701

 

Unrealized gains on other investments

 

 

(7,130

)

 

 

(6,790

)

Total deferred tax liability

 

 

(5,777

)

 

 

(8,879

)

Valuation allowance

 

 

(462

)

 

 

(462

)

Deferred tax liability, net

 

 

(6,239

)

 

 

(9,341

)

Taxes receivable

 

 

1,126

 

 

 

1,516

 

Net deferred and other tax liabilities

 

$

(5,113

)

 

$

(7,825

)

 

(1)

As of March 31, 2020, the Company and its subsidiaries had an estimated $96,586 of net operating loss carryforwards, $1,712 of which expire at various dates between December 31, 2026 and December 31, 2035, which had a net asset value of $23,865 as of March 31, 2020.

Page 25 of 61


 

The components of our tax benefit for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 were as follows.

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Current

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Federal

 

$

 

 

$

(869

)

State

 

 

(86

)

 

 

(823

)

Deferred

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Federal

 

 

2,525

 

 

 

610

 

State

 

 

810

 

 

 

1,338

 

Net benefit for income taxes

 

$

3,249

 

 

$

256

 

 

The following table presents a reconciliation of statutory federal income tax (provision) benefit to consolidated actual income tax benefit for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Statutory Federal income tax (provision) benefit at 21%

 

$

3,412

 

 

$

(379

)

State and local income taxes, net of federal income

   tax benefit

 

 

638

 

 

 

(107

)

Change in state income tax accruals

 

 

(46

)

 

 

686

 

Change in effective state income tax rate

 

 

(378

)

 

 

 

Income attributable to non-controlling interest

 

 

(216

)

 

 

 

Non deductible expenses

 

 

(214

)

 

 

 

Other

 

 

53

 

 

 

56

 

Total income tax benefit

 

$

3,249

 

 

$

256

 

 

In assessing the realizability of deferred tax assets, management considers whether it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. The realization of deferred tax assets is dependent upon the generation of future taxable income during the periods in which temporary differences become deductible pursuant to ASC 740. The Company considers the reversal of deferred tax liabilities, projected future taxable income, and tax planning strategies in making this assessment. The Company’s evaluation of the realizability of deferred tax assets must consider both positive and negative evidence. The weight given to the potential effects of positive and negative evidence is based on the extent to which it can be objectively verified. Based upon these considerations, the Company determined the necessary valuation allowance as of March 31, 2020.

The Company has filed tax returns in many states. Federal, New York State, New York City, and Utah state tax filings of the Company for the tax years 2016 through the present are the more significant filings that are open for examination. Currently, the Company is undergoing various examinations covering the years 2016 to 2018.

(8) STOCK OPTIONS AND RESTRICTED STOCK

The Company’s Board of Directors approved the 2018 Equity Incentive Plan, or the 2018 Plan, which was approved by the Company’s stockholders on June 15, 2018. The terms of 2018 Plan provide for grants of a variety of different type of stock awards to the Company’s employees and non-employee directors, including options, restricted stock, stock appreciation rights, etc. A total of 1,500,253 shares of the Company’s common stock are issuable under the 2018 Plan, and 289,285 remained issuable as of March 31, 2020. Awards under the 2018 Plan are subject to certain limitations as set forth in the 2018 Plan, which will terminate when all shares of common stock authorized for delivery have been delivered and the forfeiture restrictions on all awards have lapsed, or by action of the Board of Directors pursuant to the 2018 Plan, whichever occurs first.

The Company’s Board of Directors approved the 2015 Employee Restricted Stock Plan, or the 2015 Restricted Stock Plan, on February 13, 2015, which was approved by the Company’s shareholders on June 5, 2015. The 2015 Restricted Stock Plan became effective upon the Company’s receipt of exemptive relief from the SEC on March 1, 2016. The terms of 2015 Restricted Stock Plan provided for grants of restricted stock awards to the Company’s employees. A grant of restricted stock is a grant of shares of the Company’s common stock which, at the time of issuance, is subject to certain forfeiture provisions, and thus is restricted as to transferability until such forfeiture restrictions have lapsed. A total of 700,000 shares of the Company’s common stock were issuable under the 2015 Restricted Stock Plan, and 241,919 remained issuable as of June 15, 2018. Effective June 15, 2018, the 2018 Plan was

Page 26 of 61


 

approved, and these remaining shares were rolled into the 2018 Plan. Awards under the 2015 Restricted Stock Plan are subject to certain limitations as set forth in the 2015 Restricted Stock Plan. The 2015 Restricted Stock Plan will terminate when all shares of common stock authorized for delivery under the 2015 Restricted Stock Plan have been delivered and the forfeiture restrictions on all awards have lapsed, or by action of the Board of Directors pursuant to the 2015 Restricted Stock Plan, whichever occurs first.

The Company had a stock option plan, or the 2006 Stock Option Plan, available to grant both incentive and nonqualified stock options to employees. The 2006 Stock Option Plan, which was approved by the Board of Directors on February 15, 2006 and shareholders on June 16, 2006, provided for the issuance of a maximum of 800,000 shares of common stock of the Company. No additional shares are available for issuance under the 2006 Stock Option Plan. The 2006 Stock Option Plan was administered by the Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors. The option price per share could not be less than the current market value of the Company’s common stock on the date the option was granted. The term and vesting periods of the options were determined by the Compensation Committee, provided that the maximum term of an option could not exceed a period of ten years.

The Company’s Board of Directors approved the 2015 Non-Employee Director Stock Option Plan, or the 2015 Director Plan, on March 12, 2015, which was approved by the Company’s shareholders on June 5, 2015, and on which exemptive relief to implement the 2015 Director Plan was received from the SEC on February 29, 2016. A total of 300,000 shares of the Company’s common stock were issuable under the 2015 Director Plan, and 258,334 remained issuable as of June 15, 2018. Effective June 15, 2018, the 2018 Plan was approved, and these remaining shares were rolled into the 2018 Plan. Under the 2015 Director Plan, unless otherwise determined by a committee of the Board of Directors comprised of directors who are not eligible for grants under the 2015 Director Plan, the Company granted options to purchase 12,000 shares of the Company’s common stock to a non-employee director upon election to the Board of Directors, with an adjustment for directors who were elected to serve less than a full term. The option price per share could not be less than the current market value of the Company’s common stock on the date the option was granted. Options granted under the 2015 Director Plan are exercisable annually, as defined in the 2015 Director Plan. The term of the options could not exceed ten years.

The Company’s Board of Directors approved the First Amended and Restated 2006 Director Plan, or the Amended Director Plan, on April 16, 2009, which was approved by the Company’s shareholders on June 5, 2009, and on which exemptive relief to implement the Amended Director Plan was received from the SEC on July 17, 2012. A total of 200,000 shares of the Company’s common stock were issuable under the Amended Director Plan. No additional shares are available for issuance under the Amended Director Plan. Under the Amended Director Plan, unless otherwise determined by a committee of the Board of Directors comprised of directors who are not eligible for grants under the Amended Director Plan, the Company would grant options to purchase 9,000 shares of the Company’s common stock to an Eligible Director upon election to the Board of Directors, with an adjustment for directors who were elected to serve less than a full term. The option price per share could not be less than the current market value of the Company’s common stock on the date the option was granted. Options granted under the Amended Director Plan are exercisable annually, as defined in the Amended Director Plan. The term of the options could not exceed ten years.

Additional shares are only available for future issuance under the 2018 Plan. At March 31, 2020, 871,228 options on the Company’s common stock were outstanding under the Company’s plans, of which 167,279 options were exercisable. Additionally there were 363,639 unvested shares of the Company’s common stock outstanding and 26,040 unvested restricted share units under the Company’s restricted stock plans.

The fair value of each restricted stock grant is determined on the date of grant by the closing market price of the Company’s common stock on the grant date. The fair value of each option grant is estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model. The weighted average fair value of options granted was $3.30 per share and $2.98 per share for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019. The following assumption categories are used to determine the value of any option grants.

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Risk free interest rate

 

 

1.46

%

 

 

2.39

%

Expected dividend yield

 

 

 

 

 

0.79

 

Expected life of option in years(1)

 

 

6.25

 

 

 

6.25

 

Expected volatility(2)

 

 

50.18

 

 

 

48.45

 

 

(1)

Expected life is calculated using the simplified method.

(2)

We determine our expected volatility based on our historical volatility.

Page 27 of 61


 

The following table presents the activity for the stock option programs for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and the 2019 full year.

 

 

 

Number of

Options

 

 

 

Exercise

Price Per

Share

 

 

Weighted

Average

Exercise Price

 

Outstanding at December 31, 2018

 

 

144,666

 

 

$

2.14-13.84

 

 

$

7.23

 

Granted

 

 

449,450

 

 

 

5.21-7.25

 

 

 

6.61

 

Cancelled

 

 

(44,076

)

 

 

6.55-13.84

 

 

 

9.00

 

Exercised(1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Outstanding at December 31, 2019

 

 

550,040

 

 

 

2.14-13.53

 

 

 

6.58

 

Granted

 

 

335,773

 

 

 

 

6.68

 

 

 

6.68

 

Cancelled

 

 

(14,585

)

 

 

6.55-7.25

 

 

 

6.67

 

Exercised(1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Outstanding at March 31, 2020

 

 

871,228

 

 

 

2.14-13.53

 

 

 

6.62

 

Options exercisable at March 31, 2020(2)

 

 

167,279

 

 

$

2.14-13.53

 

 

$

6.79

 

 

(1)

The aggregate intrinsic value, which represents the difference between the price of the Company’s common stock at the exercise date and the related exercise price of the underlying options, was $0 for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.

(2)

The aggregate intrinsic value, which represents the difference between the price of the Company’s common stock at March 31, 2020 and the related exercise price of the underlying options, was $0 for outstanding options and $0 for exercisable options as of March 31, 2020. The remaining contractual life was 9.10 years for outstanding options and 7.73 years for exercisable options at March 31, 2020.

The following table presents the activity for the restricted stock programs for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and the 2019 full year.

 

 

 

Number of

Shares

 

 

 

Grant

Price Per

Share

 

 

Weighted

Average

Exercise Price

 

Outstanding at December 31, 2018

 

 

190,915

 

 

$

2.14-5.27

 

 

$

4.06

 

Granted

 

 

216,148

 

 

 

4.80-7.25

 

 

 

6.59

 

Cancelled

 

 

(3,946

)

 

 

3.93-6.55

 

 

 

4.97

 

Vested(1)

 

 

(118,238

)

 

 

2.06-4.80

 

 

 

3.89

 

Outstanding at December 31, 2019

 

 

284,879

 

 

 

3.95-7.25

 

 

 

6.01

 

Granted

 

 

165,674

 

 

 

 

6.68

 

 

 

6.68

 

Cancelled

 

 

(5,577

)

 

 

3.95-7.25

 

 

 

6.67

 

Vested(1)

 

 

(81,337

)

 

 

3.95-6.55

 

 

 

5.41

 

Outstanding at March 31, 2020(2)

 

 

363,639

 

 

$

4.39-7.25

 

 

$

6.44

 

 

(1)

The aggregate fair value of the restricted stock vested was $553,000 and $623,000 for the three ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.

(2)

The aggregate fair value of the restricted stock was $676,000 as of March 31, 2020. The remaining vesting period was 2.89 years at March 31, 2020.

In addition, during the year ended December 31, 2019, the Company granted and has outstanding, 26,040 restricted stock units that vest in one year with a grant price of $4.80. These units have the option of deferring vesting until a future date if the employee makes a formal election under the guidelines of IRC Section 409A.

The following table presents the activity for the unvested options outstanding under the plans for the 2020 first quarter.

 

 

 

Number of

Options

 

 

 

Exercise

Price

Per Share

 

 

Weighted

Average

Exercise Price

 

Outstanding at December 31, 2019

 

 

487,262

 

 

$

2.14-7.25

 

 

$

6.45

 

Granted

 

 

335,773

 

 

 

 

6.68

 

 

 

6.68

 

Cancelled

 

 

(14,148

)

 

 

6.55-7.25

 

 

 

6.68

 

Vested

 

 

(104,939

)

 

 

 

6.55

 

 

 

6.55

 

Outstanding at March 31, 2020

 

 

703,948

 

 

$

2.14-7.25

 

 

$

6.21

 

Page 28 of 61


 

 

The intrinsic value of the options vested was $41,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2020.

(9) SEGMENT REPORTING

The Company has six business segments, which include four lending and two non-operating segments, which are reflective of how Company management makes decisions about its business and operations.

The four lending segments reflect the main types of lending performed at the Company, which are recreation, home improvement, commercial, and medallion. The recreation and home improvement lending segments are conducted by the Bank in all fifty states, with the highest concentrations in Texas, Florida, and California at 16%, 10%, and 10% of loans outstanding and with no other states over 10% as of March 31, 2020. The recreation lending segment is a consumer finance business that works with third-party dealers and financial service providers for the purpose of financing RVs, boats, and other consumer recreational equipment, of which RVs, boats, and trailers make up 61%, 18%, and 13% of the segment portfolio as of March 31, 2020. The home improvement lending segment works with contractors and financial service providers to finance residential home improvements concentrated in swimming pools, roofs, windows, and solar panels, at 22%, 22%, 14%, and 12% of total home improvement loans outstanding, and with no other product lines over 10% as of March 31, 2020. The commercial lending segment focuses on enterprise wide industries, including manufacturing services, and various other industries, in which 57% of these loans are made in the Midwest. The medallion lending segment arose in connection with the financing of the medallions, taxis, and related assets, of which 90% were in New York City as of March 31, 2020.

In addition, our non-operating segments include RPAC, which is a race car team, and our corporate and other investments segment which includes items not allocated to our operating segments such as investment securities, equity investments, intercompany eliminations, and other corporate elements. As a result of COVID-19, the current year race season has been suspended until May 17, 2020 and the intention is to ensure the completion of all races scheduled.

As part of the segment reporting, capital ratios for all operating segments have been normalized at 20%, which approximates the percentage of consolidated total equity divided by total assets, with the net adjustment applied to corporate and other investments. In addition, the commercial segment exclusively represents the mezzanine lending business, and the legacy commercial loan business (immaterial to total) has been re-allocated to corporate and other investments for all periods presented.

Page 29 of 61


 

The following tables present segment data as of and for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.

 

 

 

Consumer Lending

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corp.

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31, 2020

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Recreation

 

 

Home

Improvement

 

 

Commercial

Lending

 

 

Medallion

Lending

 

 

RPAC

 

 

and

Other

Investments

 

 

Consolidated

 

Total interest income

 

$

26,334

 

 

$

5,887

 

 

$

1,758

 

 

$

1,002

 

 

$

 

 

$

561

 

 

$

35,542

 

Total interest expense

 

 

3,566

 

 

 

1,287

 

 

 

657

 

 

 

1,849

 

 

 

40

 

 

 

1,601

 

 

 

9,000

 

Net interest income (loss)

 

 

22,768

 

 

 

4,600

 

 

 

1,101

 

 

 

(847

)

 

 

(40

)

 

 

(1,040

)

 

 

26,542

 

Provision for loan losses

 

 

10,601

 

 

 

1,536

 

 

 

 

 

 

4,404

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

16,541

 

Net interest income (loss)

   after loss provision

 

 

12,167

 

 

 

3,064

 

 

 

1,101

 

 

 

(5,251

)

 

 

(40

)

 

 

(1,040

)

 

 

10,001

 

Sponsorship and race winnings

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,573

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,573

 

Race team related expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2,130

)

 

 

 

 

 

(2,130

)

Other income (expense)

 

 

(7,372

)

 

 

(2,340

)

 

 

(895

)

 

 

(8,573

)

 

 

(1,845

)

 

 

(5,669

)

 

 

(26,694

)

Net income (loss) before taxes

 

 

4,795

 

 

 

724

 

 

 

206

 

 

 

(13,824

)

 

 

(1,442

)

 

 

(6,709

)

 

 

(16,250

)

Income tax benefit (provision)

 

 

(1,226

)

 

 

(185

)

 

 

(51

)

 

 

3,445

 

 

 

359

 

 

 

907

 

 

 

3,249

 

Net income (loss)

 

$

3,569

 

 

$

539

 

 

$

155

 

 

$

(10,379

)

 

$

(1,083

)

 

$

(5,802

)

 

$

(13,001

)

Balance Sheet Data

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total loans, net

 

$

712,881

 

 

$

252,392

 

 

$

64,911

 

 

$

96,192

 

 

$

 

 

$

3,346

 

 

$

1,129,722

 

Total assets

 

 

725,337

 

 

 

261,743

 

 

 

83,864

 

 

 

201,959

 

 

 

30,171

 

 

 

231,321

 

 

 

1,534,395

 

Total funds borrowed

 

 

577,715

 

 

 

208,519

 

 

 

68,469

 

 

 

160,812

 

 

 

7,830

 

 

 

153,300

 

 

 

1,176,645

 

Selected Financial Ratios

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Return on average assets

 

 

2.00

%

 

 

0.84

%

 

 

0.74

%

 

 

(19.90

)%

 

 

(14.12

)%

 

 

(9.74

)%

 

 

(3.57

)%

Return on average equity

 

 

10.02

 

 

 

4.20

 

 

 

3.69

 

 

 

(98.50

)

 

NM

 

 

 

(29.89

)

 

 

(16.56

)

Interest yield

 

 

15.08

 

 

 

9.53

 

 

 

10.40

 

 

 

3.93

 

 

N/A

 

 

N/A

 

 

 

11.82

 

Net interest margin

 

 

13.04

 

 

 

7.43

 

 

 

6.51

 

 

 

(3.32

)

 

N/A

 

 

N/A

 

 

 

8.80

 

Reserve coverage

 

 

3.03

 

 

 

1.37

 

 

 

0.00

 

(1)

 

22.71

 

 

N/A

 

 

N/A

 

 

 

4.57

 

Delinquency status(2)

 

 

0.73

 

 

 

0.08

 

 

 

0.16

 

(1)

 

1.21

 

 

N/A

 

 

N/A

 

 

 

0.60

 

Charge-off ratio

 

 

3.65

 

 

 

1.03

 

 

 

0.00

 

(3)

 

6.11

 

 

N/A

 

 

N/A

 

 

 

3.08

 

 

(1)

Ratio is based on total commercial lending balances, and relates solely to the legacy commercial loan business.

(2)

Loans 90 days or more past due.

(3)

Ratio is based on total commercial lending balances, and relates to the total loan business.

 

 

 

Page 30 of 61


 

 

 

 

Consumer Lending

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corp.

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31, 2019

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Recreation

 

 

Home

Improvement

 

 

Commercial

Lending

 

 

Medallion

Lending

 

 

RPAC

 

 

and

Other

Investments

 

 

Consolidated

 

Total interest income

 

$

22,479

 

 

$

4,325

 

 

$

1,876

 

 

$

841

 

 

$

 

 

$

522

 

 

$

30,043

 

Total interest expense

 

 

2,774

 

 

 

906

 

 

 

701

 

 

 

1,909

 

 

 

36

 

 

 

1,396

 

 

 

7,722

 

Net interest income (loss)

 

 

19,705

 

 

 

3,419

 

 

 

1,175

 

 

 

(1,068

)

 

 

(36

)

 

 

(874

)

 

 

22,321

 

Provision for loan losses

 

 

7,005

 

 

 

549

 

 

 

 

 

 

5,334

 

 

 

 

 

 

455

 

 

 

13,343

 

Net interest income (loss) after loss

   provision

 

 

12,700

 

 

 

2,870

 

 

 

1,175

 

 

 

(6,402

)

 

 

(36

)

 

 

(1,329

)

 

 

8,978

 

Sponsorship and race winning

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,179

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,179

 

Race team related expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,998

)

 

 

 

 

 

(1,998

)

Other income (expense)

 

 

(5,382

)

 

 

(1,637

)

 

 

(315

)

 

 

1,214

 

 

 

(1,797

)

 

 

(1,103

)

 

 

(9,020

)

Net income (loss) before taxes

 

 

7,318

 

 

 

1,233

 

 

 

860

 

 

 

(5,188

)

 

 

(652

)

 

 

(2,432

)

 

 

1,139

 

Income tax benefit (provision)

 

 

(1,895

)

 

 

(319

)

 

 

(206

)

 

 

1,251

 

 

 

157

 

 

 

1,268

 

 

 

256

 

Net income (loss)

 

$

5,423

 

 

$

914

 

 

$

654

 

 

$

(3,937

)

 

$

(495

)

 

$

(1,164

)

 

$

1,395

 

Balance Sheet Data as of

March 31, 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total loans, net

 

$

601,067

 

 

$

191,089

 

 

$

51,180

 

 

$

140,426

 

 

$

 

 

$

3,576

 

 

$

987,338

 

Total assets

 

 

611,702

 

 

 

199,999

 

 

 

91,329

 

 

 

254,714

 

 

 

30,952

 

 

 

240,032

 

 

 

1,428,728

 

Total funds borrowed

 

 

487,165

 

 

 

159,251

 

 

 

72,976

 

 

 

202,255

 

 

 

7,681

 

 

 

169,388

 

 

 

1,098,716

 

Balance Sheet Data as of

December 31, 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total loans, net

 

$

695,257

 

 

$

244,716

 

 

$

66,405

 

 

$

105,022

 

 

$

 

 

$

3,362

 

 

$

1,114,762

 

Total assets

 

 

707,377

 

 

 

252,704

 

 

 

84,924

 

 

 

217,483

 

 

 

31,538

 

 

 

247,641

 

 

 

1,541,667

 

Total funds borrowed

 

 

563,805

 

 

 

201,605

 

 

 

68,666

 

 

 

176,825

 

 

 

7,794

 

 

 

150,898

 

 

 

1,169,593

 

Selected Financial Ratios as of

March 31, 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Return on average assets

 

 

3.66

%

 

 

2.38

%

 

 

2.92

%

 

 

(6.05

)%

 

 

(6.60

)%

 

 

(2.10

)%

 

 

0.36

%

Return on average equity

 

 

13.83

 

 

 

9.53

 

 

 

14.61

 

 

 

(30.23

)

 

 

(65.48

)

 

 

(7.49

)

 

 

1.72

 

Interest yield

 

 

15.50

 

 

 

9.42

 

 

 

12.93

 

 

 

2.33

 

 

N/A

 

 

N/A

 

 

 

11.52

 

Net interest margin

 

 

13.58

 

 

 

7.45

 

 

 

8.10

 

 

 

(2.96

)

 

N/A

 

 

N/A

 

 

 

8.56

 

Reserve coverage

 

 

1.46

 

 

 

1.13

 

 

 

0.82

 

 

 

15.26

 

 

N/A

 

 

N/A

 

 

 

3.60

 

Delinquency status(2)

 

 

0.56

 

 

 

0.08

 

 

 

1.29

 

(1)

 

2.47

 

 

N/A

 

 

N/A

 

 

 

0.81

 

Charge-off ratio

 

 

3.40

 

 

 

0.35

 

 

0.00

 

(1)

 

21.59

 

 

N/A

 

 

N/A

 

 

 

5.33

 

 

(1)

Ratio is based on total commercial lending balances, and relates solely to the legacy commercial loan business.

(2)

Loans 90 days or more past due.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

Page 31 of 61


 

(10) COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

(A) EMPLOYMENT AGREEMENTS

The Company has employment agreements with certain key officers for either a two- or five-year term. Annually, the contracts with a five-year term will renew for new five-year terms unless prior to the end of the first year, either the Company or the executive provides notice to the other party of its intention not to extend the employment period beyond the current five-year term. Typically, the contracts with a two-year term will renew for new two-year terms unless prior to the term either the Company or the executive provides notice to the other party of its intention not to extend the employment period beyond the current one-year term; however, there is currently one agreement that renews after two years for additional one-year terms and one agreement with a two-year term that does not have a renewal period. In the event of a change in control, as defined, during the employment period, the agreements provide for severance compensation to the executive in an amount equal to the balance of the salary, bonus, and value of fringe benefits which the executive would be entitled to receive for the remainder of the employment period.

Employment agreements expire at various dates through 2024, with future minimum payments under these agreements of approximately $6,559,000.

(B) OTHER COMMITMENTS

The Company had no commitments to extend credit or make investments outstanding at March 31, 2020. Generally, any commitments would be on the same terms as loans to or investments in existing borrowers or investees, and generally have fixed expiration dates. Since some commitments would be expected to expire without being drawn upon, the total commitment amounts do not necessarily represent future cash requirements.

(C) LITIGATION

The Company and its subsidiaries become defendants to various legal proceedings arising from the normal course of business. In the opinion of management, based on the advice of legal counsel, there is no proceeding pending, or to the knowledge of management threatened, which in the event of an adverse decision could result in a material adverse impact on the financial condition or results of operations of the Company.

(D) REGULATORY

In the ordinary course of business, the Company and its subsidiaries are subject to inquiries from certain regulators. During 2014, FSVC was examined by the SBA. The foregoing regulatory examination was resolved in January 2017 as a result of FSVC’s transfer to liquidation status and the restructure of the FSVC loan described in Note 5.

(11) RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

Certain directors, officers and stockholders of the Company are also directors and officers of its main consolidated subsidiaries, MFC, MCI, FSVC, and the Bank, as well as other subsidiaries. Officer salaries are set by the Board of Directors of the Company.

Jeffrey Rudnick, the son of one of the Company’s directors, is an officer of LAX Group, LLC (LAX), one of the Company’s equity investments. Mr. Rudnick receives a salary from LAX of $178,000 per year, which subsequent to the end of the quarter was reduced to $133,000, and certain equity from LAX consisting of 10% ownership in LAX Class B stock, vesting at 3.34% per year; 5% of any new equity raised from outside investors at a valuation of $1,500,000 or higher; and 10% of LAX’s profits as a year-end bonus. In addition, Mr. Rudnick provides consulting services to the Company directly for a monthly retainer of $4,200.

The Company’s subsidiary RPAC, has an agreement with minority shareholder Richard Petty, in which it makes an annual payment of $700,000 per year for services provided to the entity. In addition, RPAC has a note payable to a trust controlled by Mr. Petty of $7,330,000 that earns interest at an annual rate of 2% through March 31, 2022, and none of such interest has been paid to date.

Page 32 of 61


 

(12) FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS

FASB ASC Topic 825, “Financial Instruments,” requires disclosure of fair value information about certain financial instruments, whether assets, liabilities, or off-balance-sheet commitments, if practicable. The following methods and assumptions were used to estimate the fair value of each class of financial instrument. Fair value estimates that were derived from broker quotes cannot be substantiated by comparison to independent markets and, in many cases, could not be realized in immediate settlement of the instrument.

(a) Cash—Book value equals fair value.

(b) Equity securities—The Company’s equity securities are recorded at cost less any impairment plus or minus observable price changes.

(c) Investment securities—The Company’s investments are recorded at the estimated fair value of such investments.

(d) Loans receivable—The Company’s loans are recorded at book value which approximated fair value.

(e) Floating rate borrowings—Due to the short-term nature of these instruments, the carrying amount approximated fair value.

(f) Commitments to extend credit—The fair value of commitments to extend credit is estimated using the fees currently charged to enter into similar agreements, taking into account the remaining terms of the agreements and present creditworthiness of the counter parties. For fixed rate loan commitments, fair value also includes a consideration of the difference between the current levels of interest rates and the committed rates. At March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the estimated fair value of these off-balance-sheet instruments was not material.

(g) Fixed rate borrowings—The fair value of the debentures payable to the SBA is estimated based on current market interest rates for similar debt.

 

 

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Carrying Amount

 

 

Fair Value

 

 

Carrying Amount

 

 

Fair Value

 

Financial assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and federal funds sold(1)

 

$

55,497

 

 

$

55,497

 

 

$

67,821

 

 

$

67,821

 

Equity investments

 

 

10,341

 

 

 

10,341

 

 

 

10,079

 

 

 

10,079

 

Investment securities

 

 

46,127

 

 

 

46,127

 

 

 

48,998

 

 

 

48,998

 

Loans receivable

 

 

1,129,722

 

 

 

1,129,722

 

 

 

1,114,762

 

 

 

1,114,762

 

Accrued interest receivable(2)

 

 

8,536

 

 

 

8,536

 

 

 

8,662

 

 

 

8,662

 

Financial liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Funds borrowed(3)

 

 

1,176,645

 

 

 

1,172,166

 

 

 

1,169,593

 

 

 

1,171,274

 

Accrued interest payable(2)

 

 

3,300

 

 

 

3,300

 

 

 

4,398

 

 

 

4,398

 

 

(1)

Categorized as level 1 within the fair value hierarchy. See Note 13.

(2)

Categorized as level 3 within the fair value hierarchy. See Note 13.

(3)

As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, publicly traded retail notes traded at a discount to par of $4,479 and premium to par of $1,681, respectively.

(13) FAIR VALUE OF ASSETS AND LIABILITIES

The Company follows the provisions of FASB ASC 820, which defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value, establishes a fair value hierarchy based on the quality of inputs used to measure fair value, and enhances disclosure requirements for fair value measurements.

In accordance with FASB ASC 820, the Company has categorized its assets and liabilities measured at fair value, based on the priority of the inputs to the valuation technique, into a three-level fair value hierarchy. The fair value hierarchy gives the highest priority to quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (level 1) and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs (level 3). Our assessment and classification of an investment within a level can change over time based upon maturity or liquidity of the investment and would be reflected at the beginning of the quarter in which the change occurred.

As required by FASB ASC 820, when the inputs used to measure fair value fall within different levels of the hierarchy, the level within which the fair value measurement is categorized is based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement in its entirety. For example, a level 3 fair value measurement may include inputs that are observable (levels 1 and 2) and

Page 33 of 61


 

unobservable (level 3). Therefore gains and losses for such assets and liabilities categorized within the level 3 table below may include changes in fair value that are attributable to both observable inputs (levels 1 and 2) and unobservable inputs (level 3).

Assets and liabilities measured at fair value, recorded on the consolidated balance sheets, are categorized based on the inputs to the valuation techniques as follows:

Level 1. Assets and liabilities whose values are based on unadjusted quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in an active market that the Company has the ability to access (examples include active exchange-traded equity securities, exchange-traded derivatives, most US Government and agency securities, and certain other sovereign government obligations).

Level 2. Assets and liabilities whose values are based on quoted prices in markets that are not active or model inputs that are observable either directly or indirectly for substantially the full term of the asset or liability. Level 2 inputs include the following:

 

A)

Quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets (for example, restricted stock);

 

B)

Quoted price for identical or similar assets or liabilities in non-active markets (for example, corporate and municipal bonds, which trade infrequently);

 

C)

Pricing models whose inputs are observable for substantially the full term of the asset or liability (examples include most over-the-counter derivatives, including interest rate and currency swaps); and

 

D)

Pricing models whose inputs are derived principally from or corroborated by observable market data through correlation or other means for substantially the full term of the asset or liability (examples include certain residential and commercial mortgage-related assets, including loans, securities, and derivatives).

Level 3. Assets and liabilities whose values are based on prices or valuation techniques that require inputs that are both unobservable and significant to the overall fair value measurement. These inputs reflect management’s own assumptions about the assumptions a market participant would use in pricing the assets or liability (examples include certain private equity investments, and certain residential and commercial mortgage-related assets, including loans, securities, and derivatives).

A review of fair value hierarchy classification is conducted on a quarterly basis. Changes in the observability of valuation inputs may result in a reclassification for certain assets or liabilities. Reclassifications impacting level 3 of the fair value hierarchy are reported as transfers in/out of the level 3 category as of the beginning of the quarter in which the reclassifications occur.

Equity investments were recorded at cost less impairment plus or minus observable price changes. Commencing with the quarter ended March 31, 2020, the Company elected to measure equity investments at fair value on a non-recurring basis, which have been adjusted for all periods presented.

The following table presents the Company’s fair value hierarchy for those assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

 

March 31, 2020

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Level 3

 

 

Total

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Available for sale investment securities(1)

 

$

 

 

$

46,127

 

 

$

 

 

$

46,127

 

Total

 

$

 

 

$

46,127

 

 

$

 

 

$

46,127

 

 

(1)

Total unrealized gain of $147, net of tax, was included in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) for the three months ended March 31, 2020 related to these assets.

 

December 31, 2019

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Level 3

 

 

Total

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Available for sale investment securities(1)

 

$

 

 

$

48,998

 

 

$

 

 

$

48,998

 

Total

 

$

 

 

$

48,998

 

 

$

 

 

$

48,998

 

 

(1)

Total unrealized gains of $1,081, net of tax, was included in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) for the year ended December 31, 2019 related to these assets.

 

Page 34 of 61


 

  

The following tables present the Company’s fair value hierarchy for those assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

 

March 31, 2020

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Level 3

 

 

Total

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equity investments

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

10,341

 

 

$

10,341

 

Impaired loans

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

62,004

 

 

 

62,004

 

Loan collateral in process of foreclosure

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

46,817

 

 

 

46,817

 

Total

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

119,162

 

 

$

119,162

 

 

December 31, 2019

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Level 3

 

 

Total

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equity investments

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

10,079

 

 

$

10,079

 

Impaired loans

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

34,915

 

 

 

34,915

 

Loan collateral in process of foreclosure

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

52,711

 

 

 

52,711

 

Total

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

97,705

 

 

$

97,705

 

 

Significant Unobservable Inputs

 

ASC Topic 820 requires disclosure of quantitative information about the significant unobservable inputs used in the valuation of assets and liabilities classified as level 3 within the fair value hierarchy. The tables below are not intended to be all-inclusive, but rather to provide information on significant unobservable inputs and valuation techniques used by the Company.

 

The valuation techniques and significant unobservable inputs used in recurring and non-recurring level 3 fair value measurements of assets and liabilities as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Fair Value at 3/31/20

 

 

Valuation Techniques

 

Unobservable Inputs

 

Range

(Weighted Average)

 

Equity investments

 

$

8,886

 

 

Investee financial analysis

 

Financial condition and operating performance of the borrower (1)

 

N/A

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Collateral support

 

N/A

 

 

 

 

1,455

 

 

Precedent market transaction

 

Offering price

 

$8.73 / share

 

Impaired loans

 

 

24,629

 

 

Market approach

 

Historical and actual loss experience

 

1.50% - 6.00%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

60% of balance

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Median transfer price (2)

 

$4.0 - 149.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Collateral value

 

N/A

 

 

 

 

37,375

 

 

Discounted cash flow

 

Discount rate

 

 

12.80

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Terminal value

 

$

124.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Terms

 

0-55 months

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Monthly payments

 

$0- 5.2

 

Loan collateral in process of foreclosure

 

 

46,817

 

 

Market approach

 

Collateral value (3)

 

N/A

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Median transfer price (2)

 

$4.0 - 149.5

 

 

 

(1)

Includes projections based on revenue, EBITDA, leverage and liquidation amounts. These assumptions are based on a variety of factors, including economic conditions, industry and market developments, market valuations of comparable companies, and company-specific developments, including exit strategies and realization opportunities.

 

(2)

Represents amount net of liquidation costs.

Page 35 of 61


 

 

(3)

Relates to the recreation portfolio.

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Fair Value at 12/31/19

 

 

Valuation Techniques

 

Unobservable Inputs

 

Range

(Weighted Average)

 

Equity investments

 

$

7,435

 

 

Investee financial analysis

 

Financial condition and operating performance of the borrower

 

N/A

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Collateral support

 

N/A

 

 

 

 

1,189

 

 

Investee book value adjusted for market appreciation

 

Financial condition and operating performance of the borrower

 

N/A

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Public company comparables

 

Business enterprise value

 

$4,855 - 6,120

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Business enterprise value/revenue multiples

 

1.59 - 5.98x

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Discount for lack of marketability

 

 

25

%

 

 

 

1,455

 

 

Precedent market transaction

 

Offering price

 

$8.73 / share

 

 

(14) MEDALLION BANK PREFERRED STOCK (Non-controlling interest)

On December 17, 2019, the Bank closed an initial public offering of 1,840,000 shares of its Fixed-to-Floating Rate Non-Cumulative Perpetual Preferred Stock, Series F, with a $46,000,000 aggregate liquidation amount, yielding net proceeds of $42,485,000, which were recorded in the Bank’s shareholders’ equity. Dividends are payable quarterly from the date of issuance to, but excluding April 1, 2025, at a rate of 8% per annum, and from and including April 1, 2025, at a floating rate equal to a benchmark rate (which is expected to be three-month Secured Overnight Financing Rate, or SOFR) plus a spread of 6.46% per annum.

On February 27, 2009 and December 22, 2009, the Bank issued, and the US Treasury purchased under the Troubled Assets Relief Program, or TARP, Capital Purchase Program, or the CPP, the Bank’s fixed rate non-cumulative Perpetual Preferred Stock, Series A, B, C, and D for an aggregate purchase price of $21,498,000 in cash. On July 21, 2011, the Bank issued, and the US Treasury purchased 26,303 shares of Senior Non-Cumulative Perpetual Preferred Stock, Series E, or Series E, for an aggregate purchase price of $26,303,000 under the Small Business Lending Fund Program, or SBLF, with a liquidation amount of $1,000 per share. The SBLF is a voluntary program intended to encourage small business lending by providing capital to qualified smaller banks at favorable rates. In connection with the issuance of the Series E, the Bank exited the CPP by redeeming the Series A, B, C, and D; and received approximately $4,000,000, net of dividends due on the repaid securities. The Bank pays a dividend rate of 9% on the Series E.

(15) VARIABLE INTEREST ENTITIES

During the 2018 third quarter, the Company determined that Trust III was a VIE. Trust III had been consolidated as a subsidiary of MFC historically, although it should have been consolidated under the variable interest model, since MFC was its primary beneficiary until October 31, 2018. Trust III is a VIE since the key decision-making authority rests in the servicing agreement (where MFC is the servicer for Trust III) rather than in the voting rights of the equity interests and as a result the decision-making rights are considered a variable interest. This conclusion is supported by a qualitative assessment that Trust III does not have sufficient equity at risk. Since the inception of Trust III, MFC had also been party to a limited guaranty which was considered a variable interest because, pursuant to the guaranty, MFC absorbed variability as a result of the on-going performance of the loans in Trust III. As of October 31, 2018, the Company determined that MFC was no longer the primary beneficiary of Trust III and accordingly deconsolidated the VIE, leading to a net gain of $25,325,000 recorded as well as a new promissory note payable by MFC of $1,400,000 issued in settlement of the limited guaranty (see Note 5 for more details). The Company’s interest in Trust III is accounted for as an equity investment and has a value of $0 as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019. In addition, the Company remains the servicer of the assets of Trust III for a fee.  

In December 2008, Trust III entered into the DZ loan agreement with DZ Bank, to provide up to $200,000,000 of financing through a commercial paper conduit to acquire medallion loans from MFC, or the DZ loan. The loan, which has an outstanding balance of $86,925,000, currently terminates on November 15, 2020. Borrowings under the DZ loan are collateralized by Trust III’s assets.

Page 36 of 61


 

 

(16) SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

We have evaluated subsequent events that have occurred through the date of financial statement issuance. As of such date, there were no subsequent events that required disclosure.

 

Page 37 of 61


 

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

GENERAL

We are a finance company whose strategic focus and growth in recent years has been through Medallion Bank (a wholly-owned subsidiary), which originates consumer loans for the purchase of recreational vehicles, boats, motorcycles, and trailers, and to finance small-scale home improvements. Historically we have had a leading position in originating, acquiring, and servicing loans that finance taxi medallions and various types of commercial businesses.

Since Medallion Bank acquired a consumer loan portfolio and began originating consumer loans in 2004, it has increased its consumer loan portfolio at a compound annual growth rate of 16% (19% if there had been no loan sales during 2016, 2017, and 2018). We have transitioned away from medallion lending and have placed our strategic focus on our growing consumer finance portfolio. As a result of our change in strategy, as of March 31, 2020, our consumer loans represented 85% of our net loan portfolio, with medallion loans representing 9% and commercial loans representing 6%. Total assets under management, which includes assets serviced for third party investors, were $1,647,000,000 as of March 31, 2020, and were $1,660,000,000 and $1,565,000,000 as of December 31, 2019 and March 31, 2019, and have grown at a compound annual growth rate of 9% from $215,000,000 at the end of 1996.

Our loan-related earnings depend primarily on our level of net interest income. Net interest income is the difference between the total yield on our loan portfolio and the average cost of borrowed funds. We fund our operations through a wide variety of interest-bearing sources, such as bank certificates of deposit issued to customers, debentures issued to and guaranteed by the SBA, privately placed notes, and bank term debt. Net interest income fluctuates with changes in the yield on our loan portfolio and changes in the cost of borrowed funds, as well as changes in the amount of interest-bearing assets and interest-bearing liabilities held by us. Net interest income is also affected by economic, regulatory, and competitive factors that influence interest rates, loan demand, and the availability of funding to finance our lending activities. We, like other financial institutions, are subject to interest rate risk to the degree that our interest-earning assets reprice on a different basis than our interest-bearing liabilities.

We also provide debt, mezzanine, and equity investment capital to companies in a variety of industries, consistent with our investment objectives. These investments may be venture capital style investments which may not be fully collateralized. Our investments are typically in the form of secured debt instruments with fixed interest rates accompanied by an equity stake or warrants to purchase an equity interest for a nominal exercise price (such warrants are included in equity investments on the consolidated balance sheets). Interest income is earned on the debt instruments.

Beginning in 2019, Medallion Bank began the process to build-out a strategic partnership program with financial technology, or fintech, companies. Medallion Bank has entered into an initial partnership this year and is actively exploring opportunities with additional fintech companies.

Our wholly-owned subsidiary, Medallion Bank, or the Bank, is a bank regulated by the FDIC and the Utah Department of Financial Institutions that originates consumer loans, raises deposits, and conducts other banking activities. The Bank generally provides us with our lowest cost of funds which it raises through bank certificates of deposit. To take advantage of this low cost of funds, historically we have referred a portion of our medallion and commercial loans to the Bank, which originated these loans, and have been serviced by Medallion Servicing Corp., or MSC. However, at this time the Bank is not originating any new medallion loans and is working with MSC to service its existing portfolio. The FDIC restricts the amount of medallion loans that the Bank may finance to three times Tier 1 capital, although it is less than one times Tier 1 capital as of March 31, 2020. MSC earns referral and servicing fees for these activities.

The current and ongoing coronavirus, or COVID-19, pandemic, its broad impact and preventive measures taken to contain or mitigate the outbreak have had, and are likely to continue to have, significant negative effects on the US and global economy, employment levels, employee productivity, and financial market conditions. This may increasingly have negative effects on the ability of our borrowers to repay outstanding loans, the value of collateral securing loans, the demand for loans and other financial services products and consumer discretionary spending. As a result of these or other consequences, the outbreak has adversely affected our business, results of operations and financial condition, likely materially. The effects of the outbreak on us could be exacerbated given that our business model is largely consumer and small business directed, which are more severely affected by COVID-19 and the preventative measures taken to contain or mitigate the outbreak, including its significant negative effects on consumer discretionary spending. The extent to which the outbreak will impact our operations will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted at this time, and include the duration, severity and scope of the outbreak, the actions taken to contain or mitigate the outbreak and how long, and to what extent the economic recovery from its effects take. We have taken steps to operate through this crisis; for example, we have all of our employees working remotely and are negotiating with borrowers, lenders and vendors alike as to payment terms. While there are elevated risks with our entire workforce working remotely, we have implemented additional mitigating controls to help reduce such risks. In addition, effective May 11, 2020 we will furlough approximately 28% of the employees at Medallion Financial Corp. (not including any employees of our consolidated subsidiaries) in order to properly address current cash flow limitations as a result of COVID-19. We are also exploring numerous programs offered by the federal government for potential relief as a result of COVID-19.

Page 38 of 61


 

As of March 31, 2020, we increased our allowance for loan losses on consumer loans and will continue to monitor our loan portfolios as the market conditions change.  In addition, in March 2020, we adjusted our payment policies and procedures and created a program to support our borrowers during the pandemic. We began negotiating payment terms with our borrowers, allowing them to defer payments. Although the impact of this program was not material to our March 31, 2020 operating results and financial position, this program will likely negatively impact our revenue, net income and cash flow in the near term and if the program is not effective in mitigating the effect of COVID-19 on our borrowers’ ability to fulfill their loan obligations, may adversely affect our business, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows more substantially over a longer period of time. The effects of the pandemic on us could be exacerbated given that our business model is largely consumer-directed and the pandemic, and preventative measures taken to contain or mitigate the pandemic, had and may increasingly have significant negative effects on consumer discretionary spending.

Lastly, substantially all our medallion loans are concentrated in New York City.  As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, in March 2020, the Governor of New York State declared states of emergency for both the State and City of New York, and, since March 2020, economic activity generally and taxi ridership in particular have decreased dramatically in New York City.  The extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic will continue to adversely affect New York City taxi medallion owners and, by extension, our medallion loans will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted, including the scope and duration of the pandemic, actions taken by governmental authorities, and the direct and indirect impact of the pandemic on taxi medallion owners and the behaviors of people who have historically taken taxis.  Since March 31, 2020, payments on medallion loans have decreased significantly compared to the pace of payments during the first quarter of 2020.  We are actively engaged with many borrowers about payment deferrals.  We are also evaluating options for our medallion loans, and actions that we may take to manage our medallion loan portfolio may result in additional write-downs, charge-offs or impairments, the impact of which could be material to our results of operations and financial condition. However, it is possible that as stay at home orders are lifted, there could be an increase in ridership and gross meter fares as people may elect to take taxis over mass public transit, like subways and buses. Refer to “Item 1A. Risk Factors” for more details.

Page 39 of 61


 

Average Balances and Rates

The following table shows the Company’s consolidated average balance sheet, interest income and expense and the average interest earning/bearing assets and liabilities, and which reflect the average yield on assets and average costs on liabilities for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Average

Balance

 

 

Interest

 

 

Average

Yield/Cost

 

 

Average

Balance

 

 

Interest

 

 

Average

Yield/Cost

 

Interest-earning assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest-earning cash and cash equivalents

 

$

41,402

 

 

$

108

 

 

 

1.05

%

 

$

33,496

 

 

$

145

 

 

 

1.76

%

Investment securities

 

 

47,031

 

 

 

331

 

 

 

2.83

 

 

 

44,494

 

 

 

286

 

 

 

2.61

 

Loans

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Recreation

 

 

702,380

 

 

 

26,334

 

 

 

15.08

 

 

 

588,262

 

 

 

22,479

 

 

 

15.50

 

Home improvement

 

 

248,355

 

 

 

5,887

 

 

 

9.53

 

 

 

186,129

 

 

 

4,325

 

 

 

9.42

 

Commercial

 

 

68,003

 

 

 

1,880

 

 

 

11.12

 

 

 

58,840

 

 

 

1,967

 

 

 

13.56

 

Medallion

 

 

102,574

 

 

 

1,002

 

 

 

3.93

 

 

 

146,267

 

 

 

841

 

 

 

2.33

 

Total loans

 

 

1,121,312

 

 

 

35,103

 

 

 

12.59

 

 

 

979,498

 

 

 

29,612

 

 

 

12.26

 

Total interest-earning assets

 

 

1,209,745

 

 

 

35,542

 

 

 

11.82

 

 

 

1,057,488

 

 

 

30,043

 

 

 

11.52

 

Non-interest-earning assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash

 

 

17,567

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

33,099

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equity investments

 

 

10,687

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8,954

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loan collateral in process of foreclosure(1)

 

 

51,090

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

51,501

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Goodwill and intangible assets

 

 

203,160

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

204,604

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income tax receivable

 

 

500

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other assets

 

 

41,400

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

40,844

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total non-interest-earning assets

 

 

324,404

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

339,002

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total assets

 

$

1,534,149

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

1,396,490

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest-bearing liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deposits

 

$

949,262

 

 

$

5,941

 

 

 

2.52

%

 

$

850,765

 

 

$

4,922

 

 

 

2.35

%

SBA debentures and borrowings

 

 

71,525

 

 

 

686

 

 

 

3.86

 

 

 

79,885

 

 

 

764

 

 

 

3.88

 

Retail and privately placed notes

 

 

69,625

 

 

 

1,683

 

 

 

9.72

 

 

 

36,725

 

 

 

937

 

 

 

10.35

 

Notes payable to banks

 

 

33,259

 

 

 

336

 

 

 

4.06

 

 

 

59,037

 

 

 

665

 

 

 

4.57

 

Preferred securities

 

 

33,000

 

 

 

314

 

 

 

3.83

 

 

 

33,000

 

 

 

398

 

 

 

4.89

 

Other borrowings

 

 

7,812

 

 

 

40

 

 

 

2.06

 

 

 

7,663

 

 

 

36

 

 

 

1.91

 

Total interest-bearing liabilities

 

 

1,164,483

 

 

 

9,000

 

 

 

3.11

 

 

 

1,067,075

 

 

 

7,722

 

 

 

2.93

 

Non-interest-bearing liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deferred tax liability

 

 

8,265

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6,898

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other liabilities(2)

 

 

30,066

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

32,745

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total non-interest-bearing liabilities

 

 

38,331

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

39,643

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total liabilities

 

 

1,202,814

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,106,718

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-controlling interest

 

 

70,855

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

27,490

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total stockholders’ equity

 

 

260,480

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

262,282

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity

 

$

1,534,149

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

1,396,490

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net interest income

 

 

 

 

 

$

26,542

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

22,321

 

 

 

 

 

Net interest margin

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8.80

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8.56

%

 

(1)

Includes financed sales of this collateral to third parties reported separately from the loan portfolio, and that are conducted by Medallion Bank of $9,157 and $3,930 as of March 31, 2020 and 2019.

(2)

Includes deferred financing costs of $4,674 as of March 31, 2020.

Page 40 of 61


 

During the quarter, our net loans receivable had a yield of 12.59% (compared to 12.26% in the prior year’s first quarter), mainly driven by the increase in the average yield on home improvement loans and the greater proportion of higher yielding assets in the portfolio mix while all other yields have declined overall. The debt, mainly certificates of deposit, helps fund the growing consumer loan business and as the market rates have increased, so has the average cost of borrowings. In addition, we issued privately placed notes in March and August 2019, which led also led to an increase in the costs of borrowings.

Rate/Volume Analysis

The following table presents the change in interest income and expense due to changes in the average balances (volume) and average rates, calculated for the period indicated.

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Increase

(Decrease)

In Volume

 

 

Increase

(Decrease)

in Rate

 

 

Net

Change

 

 

Increase

(Decrease)

In Volume

 

 

Increase

(Decrease)

in Rate

 

 

Net

Change

 

Interest-earning assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest-earning cash and cash equivalents

 

$

35

 

 

$

(72

)

 

$

(37

)

 

$

(178

)

 

$

38

 

 

$

(140

)

Investment securities

 

 

20

 

 

 

25

 

 

 

45

 

 

 

(13

)

 

 

9

 

 

 

(4

)

Loans

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Recreation

 

 

4,467

 

 

 

(613

)

 

 

3,854

 

 

 

403

 

 

 

(660

)

 

 

(257

)

Home improvement

 

 

1,511

 

 

 

51

 

 

 

1,562

 

 

 

257

 

 

 

(125

)

 

 

132

 

Commercial

 

 

310

 

 

 

(397

)

 

 

(87

)

 

 

(609

)

 

 

76

 

 

 

(533

)

Medallion

 

 

(421

)

 

 

582

 

 

 

161

 

 

 

(244

)

 

 

82

 

 

 

(162

)

Total loans

 

 

5,867

 

 

 

(377

)

 

 

5,490

 

 

 

(193

)

 

 

(627

)

 

 

(820

)

Total interest-earning assets

 

 

5,922

 

 

 

(424

)

 

 

5,498

 

 

 

(384

)

 

 

(580

)

 

 

(964

)

Interest-bearing liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deposits

 

$

656

 

 

$

362

 

 

$

1,018

 

 

$

(309

)

 

$

264

 

 

$

(45

)

DZ loan

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(121

)

 

 

(120

)

 

 

(241

)

SBA debentures and borrowings

 

 

(74

)

 

 

(4

)

 

 

(78

)

 

 

(22

)

 

 

5

 

 

 

(17

)

Retail and privately placed notes

 

 

804

 

 

 

(57

)

 

 

747

 

 

 

60

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

62

 

Notes payable to banks

 

 

(255

)

 

 

(74

)

 

 

(329

)

 

 

(48

)

 

 

(3

)

 

 

(51

)

Preferred securities

 

 

 

 

 

(84

)

 

 

(84

)

 

 

 

 

 

13

 

 

 

13

 

Other borrowings

 

 

1

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

(1

)

 

 

(2

)

 

 

(3

)

Total interest-bearing liabilities

 

 

1,132

 

 

 

146

 

 

 

1,278

 

 

 

(441

)

 

 

159

 

 

 

(282

)

Net

 

$

4,790

 

 

$

(570

)

 

$

4,220

 

 

$

57

 

 

$

(739

)

 

$

(682

)

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2020, the increase in the interest earnings assets was mainly driven by the increase in volume in consumer loans as well as an increase in the interest rate even as the volume in the medallion portfolio declined. The debt change was driven by the increase in the cost of funds borrowed due to the overall increase in borrowing rates.

 

Our interest expense is driven by the interest rates payable on our bank certificates of deposit, short-term credit facilities with banks, fixed-rate, long-term debentures issued to the SBA, and other short-term notes payable. The Bank issues brokered bank certificates of deposit, which are our lowest borrowing costs. The Bank is able to bid on these deposits at a wide variety of maturity levels, which allows for improved interest rate management strategies.

Our cost of funds is primarily driven by the rates paid on our various debt instruments and their relative mix, and changes in the levels of average borrowings outstanding. See Note 5 to the consolidated financial statements for details on the terms of our outstanding debt. Our debentures issued to the SBA typically have terms of ten years.

We measure our borrowing costs as our aggregate interest expense for all of our interest-bearing liabilities divided by the average amount of such liabilities outstanding during the period. The tables above shows the average borrowings and related borrowing costs for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.

 

We will continue to seek SBA funding through Medallion Capital to the extent it offers attractive rates. SBA financing subjects its recipients to limits on the amount of secured bank debt they may incur. We use SBA funding to fund loans that qualify under the Small Business Investment Act of 1985, as amended, or the SBIA, and SBA regulations. We believe that financing operations

Page 41 of 61


 

primarily with short-term floating rate secured bank debt has generally decreased our interest expense, but has also increased our exposure to the risk of increases in market interest rates, which we mitigate with certain interest rate strategies. At March 31, 2020 and 2019, short-term adjustable rate debt constituted 4% and 6% of total debt.

Loans

The gross loans are reported at the principal amount outstanding, inclusive of deferred loan acquisition costs, which primarily includes deferred fees paid to loan originators, and which is amortized to interest income over the life of the loan. During the three months ended March 31, 2020, there was continued growth in the consumer lending segments, which was partly offset by the charge-offs during the quarter, the continuing of loans aged over 120 days transferred to loan collateral in process of foreclosure and payments received from borrowers.

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31, 2020

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Recreation

 

 

Home

Improvement

 

 

Commercial

 

 

Medallion

 

 

Total

 

Gross loans – December 31, 2019

 

$

713,332

 

 

$

247,324

 

 

$

69,767

 

 

$

130,432

 

 

$

1,160,855

 

Loan originations

 

 

69,643

 

 

 

33,465

 

 

 

2,175

 

 

 

 

 

 

105,283

 

Principal payments

 

 

(37,070

)

 

 

(24,225

)

 

 

(3,999

)

 

 

(2,075

)

 

 

(67,369

)

Charge-offs, net

 

 

(6,382

)

 

 

(636

)

 

 

 

 

 

(1,559

)

 

 

(8,577

)

Transfer to loan collateral in process of foreclosure, net

 

 

(4,779

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2,159

)

 

 

(6,938

)

Amortization of origination costs

 

 

(1,728

)

 

 

441

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

(19

)

 

 

(1,304

)

Amortization of loan premium

 

 

(52

)

 

 

(86

)

 

 

-

 

 

 

(191

)

 

 

(329

)

FASB origination costs

 

 

2,211

 

 

 

(384

)

 

 

19

 

 

 

19

 

 

 

1,865

 

Paid-in-kind interest

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

293

 

 

 

 

 

 

293

 

Gross loans – March 31, 2020

 

$

735,175

 

 

$

255,899

 

 

$

68,257

 

 

$

124,448

 

 

$

1,183,779

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31, 2019

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Recreation

 

 

Home

Improvement

 

 

Commercial

 

 

Medallion

 

 

Total

 

Gross loans – December 31, 2018

 

$

587,038

 

 

$

183,155

 

 

$

64,083

 

 

$

183,606

 

 

$

1,017,882

 

Loan originations

 

 

63,632

 

 

 

26,647

 

 

 

500

 

 

 

 

 

 

90,779

 

Principal payments

 

 

(33,373

)

 

 

(15,849

)

 

 

(9,580

)

 

 

(3,438

)

 

 

(62,240

)

Charge-offs, net

 

 

(4,929

)

 

 

(159

)

 

 

 

 

 

(7,788

)

 

 

(12,876

)

Transfer to loan collateral in process of foreclosure, net

 

 

(3,391

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(5,705

)

 

 

(9,096

)

Amortization of origination costs

 

 

(1,438

)

 

 

346

 

 

 

29

 

 

 

(88

)

 

 

(1,151

)

Amortization of loan premium

 

 

(70

)

 

 

(109

)

 

 

 

 

 

(913

)

 

 

(1,092

)

FASB origination costs

 

 

2,530

 

 

 

(756

)

 

 

(58

)

 

 

41

 

 

 

1,757

 

Paid-in-kind interest

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

237

 

 

 

 

 

 

237

 

Gross loans – March 31, 2019

 

$

609,999

 

 

$

193,275

 

 

$

55,211

 

 

$

165,715

 

 

$

1,024,200

 

 

Provision and Allowance for Loan Loss

During the three months ended March 31, 2020, New York City taxi medallion values decreased to a net realizable value of $124,500, compared to $167,000 at December 31, 2019 as a result of a decrease in the median transfer price in the quarter, whereas the New York City taxi medallion values declined from $181,000 to $169,500 for the three months ended March 31, 2019. Due to the change in economic factors due to COVID-19, the Company increased the reserve percentages for the consumer loan portfolio between 25 to 50 basis points. Loans also continued to age 90 days or more or 120 days or more, and were reserved and charged-down to their collateral value. The provision also included $2,469,000 of a general reserve for the Company, for current and performing medallion loans under 90 days past due, as an additional buffer against future losses. This figure excludes the general reserve of $17,351,000 at Medallion Bank, which was netted against loan balances at consolidation on April 2, 2018.  

Page 42 of 61


 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Allowance for loan losses – beginning

   balance

 

$

46,093

 

 

$

36,395

 

Charge-offs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Recreation

 

 

(8,244

)

 

 

(6,525

)

Home improvement

 

 

(1,011

)

 

 

(549

)

Commercial

 

 

 

 

-

 

Medallion

 

 

(1,924

)

 

 

(8,788

)

Total charge-offs

 

 

(11,179

)

 

 

(15,862

)

Recoveries

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Recreation

 

 

1,862

 

 

 

1,596

 

Home improvement

 

 

375

 

 

 

390

 

Commercial

 

 

 

 

-

 

Medallion

 

 

365

 

 

 

1,000

 

Total recoveries

 

 

2,602

 

 

 

2,986

 

Net charge-offs(1)

 

 

(8,577

)

 

 

(12,876

)

Provision for loan losses

 

 

16,541

 

 

 

13,343

 

Allowance for loan losses – ending balance

 

$

54,057

 

(2)

$

36,862

 

 

(1)

As of March 31, 2020, cumulative net charge-offs of loans and loan collateral in process of foreclosure in the medallion portfolio were $243,428, representing collection opportunities for the Company.

(2)

Includes $2,469 of a general reserve for the Company as of March 31, 2020, for current and performing medallion loans under 90 days past due, as an additional buffer against future losses, representing 5% of the total allowance, and 2.07% of the loans in question. As of March 31, 2020, this figure excludes $17,351 of a general reserve on loans at Medallion Bank, much of which was netted against loan balances at consolidation on April 2, 2018. Subsequent to April 2, 2018, the Bank recorded a general reserve benefit of $7,266.

The following tables set forth the allowance for loan losses by type as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

 

March 31, 2020

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Amount

 

 

Percentage

of Allowance

 

 

Allowance as

a Percent of

Loan Category

 

Recreation

 

$

22,294

 

 

 

41

%

 

 

3.03

%

Home Improvement

 

 

3,507

 

 

 

7

 

 

 

1.37

 

Commercial

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Medallion

 

 

28,256

 

 

 

52

 

 

 

22.71

 

Total

 

$

54,057

 

 

 

100

%

 

 

4.57

%

 

December 31, 2019

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Amount

 

 

Percentage

of Allowance

 

 

Allowance as

a Percent of

Loan Category

 

Recreation

 

$

18,075

 

 

 

39

%

 

 

2.53

%

Home Improvement

 

 

2,608

 

 

 

6

 

 

 

1.05

 

Commercial

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Medallion

 

 

25,410

 

 

 

55

 

 

 

19.48

 

Total

 

$

46,093

 

 

 

100

%

 

 

3.97

%

 

As of March 31, 2020, there was an increase in the allowance for loan loss as related to the recreation and home improvement loan portfolios as compared to December 31, 2019. This change was due to the increase in the reserve ratios due to the current economic conditions as a result of COVID-19, along with the increase in loans originated during the quarter. In addition, the medallion reserves increased due to the decline in the New York City taxi market.

 

We generally follow a practice of discontinuing the accrual of interest income on our loans that are in arrears as to payments for a period of 90 days or more. We deliver a default notice and begin foreclosure and liquidation proceedings when management

Page 43 of 61


 

determines that pursuit of these remedies is the most appropriate course of action under the circumstances. A loan is considered to be delinquent if the borrower fails to make a payment on time; however, during the course of discussion on delinquent status, we may agree to modify the payment terms of the loan with a borrower that cannot make payments in accordance with the original loan agreement. For loan modifications, the loan will only be returned to accrual status if all past due interest and principal payments are brought fully current. For credit that is collateral based, we evaluate the anticipated net residual value we would receive upon foreclosure of such loans, if necessary. There can be no assurance, however, that the collateral securing these loans will be adequate in the event of foreclosure. For credit that is cash flow-based, we assess our collateral position, and evaluate most of these relationships as ongoing businesses, expecting to locate and install a new operator to run the business and reduce the debt. We cannot predict the impact that the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic will have on the loan portfolios due to the greater than typical uncertainty surrounding COVID-19 and its related significant negative effects on the economy and financial markets.

For the consumer loan portfolio, the process to repossess the collateral is started at 60 days past due. If the collateral is not located and the account reaches 120 days delinquent, the account is charged-off to realized losses. If the collateral is repossessed, a realized loss is recorded to write the collateral down to its net realizable value, and the collateral is sent to auction. When the collateral is sold, the net auction proceeds are applied to the account, and any remaining balance is written off as a realized loss, and any excess proceeds are recorded as a recovery. Proceeds collected on charged off accounts are recorded as recoveries. All collection, repossession, and recovery efforts are handled on behalf of the Bank by the servicer.

The following table shows the trend in loans 90 days or more past due as of the dates indicated.

 

 

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

 

March 31, 2019

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Amount

 

 

%(1)

 

 

Amount

 

 

%(1)

 

 

Amount

 

 

%(1)

 

Recreation

 

$

5,225

 

 

 

0.5

%

 

$

5,800

 

 

 

0.5

%

 

$

3,282

 

 

 

0.3

%

Home improvement

 

 

220

 

 

 

0.0

 

 

 

184

 

 

 

0.0

 

 

 

156

 

 

 

0.0

 

Commercial

 

 

107

 

 

 

0.0

 

 

 

107

 

 

 

0.0

 

 

 

710

 

 

 

0.1

 

Medallion

 

 

1,462

 

 

 

0.1

 

 

 

2,572

 

 

 

0.2

 

 

 

3,954

 

 

 

0.4

 

Total loans 90 days or more

   past due

 

$

7,014

 

 

 

0.6

%

 

$

8,663

 

 

 

0.7

%

 

$

8,102

 

 

 

0.8

%

 

(1)

Percentages are calculated against the total loan portfolio.

We estimate that the weighted average loan-to-value ratio of our medallion loans was approximately 244%, 190%, and 213% as of March 31, 2020, December 31, 2019, and March 31, 2019.

Recreation and medallion loans that reach 120 days past due are charged down to collateral value and reclassified to loan collateral in process of foreclosure. The following tables show the activity of loan collateral in process of foreclosure for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.

 

Three Months Ended March 31, 2020

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Recreation

 

 

Medallion

 

 

Total

 

Loan collateral in process of foreclosure – December 31, 2019

 

$

1,476

 

 

$

51,235

 

 

$

52,711

 

Transfer from loans, net

 

 

4,779

 

 

 

2,159

 

 

 

6,938

 

Sales

 

 

(1,999

)

 

 

(300

)

 

 

(2,299

)

Cash payments received

 

 

 

 

 

(1,708

)

 

 

(1,708

)

Collateral valuation adjustments

 

 

(2,539

)

 

 

(6,286

)

 

 

(8,825

)

Loan collateral in process of foreclosure – March 31, 2020

 

$

1,717

 

 

$

45,100

 

 

$

46,817

 

Page 44 of 61


 

 

Three Months Ended March 31, 2019

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Recreation

 

 

Medallion

 

 

Total

 

Loan collateral in process of foreclosure – December 31, 2018

 

$

1,503

 

 

$

47,992

 

 

$

49,495

 

Transfer from loans, net

 

 

3,391

 

 

 

5,705

 

 

 

9,096

 

Sales

 

 

(2,076

)

 

 

(377

)

 

 

(2,453

)

Cash payments received

 

 

 

 

 

(2,573

)

 

 

(2,573

)

Collateral valuation adjustments

 

 

(1,638

)

 

 

(2,119

)

 

 

(3,757

)

Loan collateral in process of foreclosure – March 31, 2019

 

$

1,180

 

 

$

48,628

 

 

$

49,808

 

 

SEGMENT RESULTS

We manage our financial results under four operating segments and report like a bank holding company. The operating segments are recreation lending, home improvement lending, commercial lending, and medallion lending. We also show results for two non-operating segments: RPAC and corporate and other investments. All results are for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.

Recreation Lending

The recreation lending segment is a high-growth prime and non-prime consumer finance business which is a significant source of income for us, accounting for 74% and 75% of our interest income for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019. The loans are secured primarily by RVs, boats, and trailers, with RV loans making up 61% of the portfolio, boat loans making up 18% of the portfolio, and trailer loans 13% as of March 31, 2020, compared to 62%, 19% and 10% as of March 31, 2019. Recreation loans are made to borrowers residing in all fifty states, with the highest concentrations in Texas, California, and Florida, at 18%, 10%, and 10% of loans outstanding, compared to 18%, 11% and 10% as of March 31, 2019, and with no other states over 10%.

The following table presents certain financial data and ratios as of and for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Selected Earnings Data

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total interest income

 

$

26,334

 

 

$

22,479

 

Total interest expense

 

 

3,566

 

 

 

2,774

 

Net interest income

 

 

22,768

 

 

 

19,705

 

Provision for loan losses

 

 

10,601

 

 

 

7,005

 

Net interest income after loss provision

 

 

12,167

 

 

 

12,700

 

Total non-interest (expense), net

 

 

(7,372

)

 

 

(5,382

)

Net income before taxes

 

 

4,795

 

 

 

7,318

 

Income tax provision

 

 

(1,226

)

 

 

(1,895

)

Net income after taxes

 

$

3,569

 

 

$

5,423

 

Balance Sheet Data

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total loans, gross

 

$

735,175

 

 

$

609,999

 

Total loan allowance

 

 

22,294

 

 

 

8,932

 

Total loans, net

 

 

712,881

 

 

 

601,067

 

Total assets

 

 

725,337

 

 

 

611,702

 

Total borrowings

 

 

577,715

 

 

 

487,165

 

Selected Financial Ratios

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Return on average assets

 

 

2.00

%

 

 

3.66

%

Return on average equity

 

 

10.02

 

 

 

13.83

 

Interest yield

 

 

15.08

 

 

 

15.50

 

Net interest margin

 

 

13.04

 

 

 

13.58

 

Reserve coverage

 

 

3.03

 

 

 

1.46

 

Delinquency status(1)

 

 

0.73

 

 

 

0.56

 

Charge-off %

 

 

3.65

 

 

 

3.40

 

 

Page 45 of 61


 

(1)

Loans 90 days or more past due.

Home Improvement Lending

The home improvement lending segment works with contractors and financial service providers to finance residential home improvements and is concentrated in swimming pools, roofs, windows, and solar panels at 22%, 22%, 14%, and 12% of total loans outstanding as of March 31, 2020, as compared to 29%, 16%, 11%, and 15% as of March 31, 2019, with no other collateral types over 10%. Home improvement loans are made to borrowers residing in all fifty states, with the highest concentrations in Texas, Ohio, and Florida at 11%, 11%, and 10% of loans outstanding March 31, 2020, compared to 14%, 10% and 10% as of March 31, 2019, and with no other states over 10%.

The following table presents certain financial data and ratios as of and for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Selected Earnings Data

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total interest income

 

$

5,887

 

 

$

4,325

 

Total interest expense

 

 

1,287

 

 

 

906

 

Net interest income

 

 

4,600

 

 

 

3,419

 

Provision for loan losses

 

 

1,536

 

 

 

549

 

Net interest income after loss provision

 

 

3,064

 

 

 

2,870

 

Total non-interest income (expense), net

 

 

(2,340

)

 

 

(1,637

)

Net income before taxes

 

 

724

 

 

 

1,233

 

Income tax provision

 

 

(185

)

 

 

(319

)

Net income after taxes

 

$

539

 

 

$

914

 

Balance Sheet Data

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total loans, gross

 

$

255,899

 

 

$

193,275

 

Total loan allowance

 

 

3,507

 

 

 

2,186

 

Total loans, net

 

 

252,392

 

 

 

191,089

 

Total assets

 

 

261,743

 

 

 

199,999

 

Total borrowings

 

 

208,519

 

 

 

159,251

 

Selected Financial Ratios

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Return on average assets

 

 

0.84

%

 

 

2.38

%

Return on average equity

 

 

4.20

 

 

 

9.53

 

Interest yield

 

 

9.53

 

 

 

9.42

 

Net interest margin

 

 

7.43

 

 

 

7.45

 

Reserve coverage

 

 

1.37

 

 

 

1.13

 

Delinquency status(1)

 

 

0.08

 

 

 

0.08

 

Charge-off %

 

 

1.03

 

 

 

0.35

 

 

(1)

Loans 90 days or more past due.

Commercial Lending

We originate both senior and subordinated loans nationwide to businesses in a variety of industries, more than 57% of which are located in the Midwest regions, with the rest scattered across the country. These mezzanine loans are primarily secured by a second position on all assets of the businesses and generally range in amount from $2,000,000 to $5,000,000 at origination, and typically included an equity component as part of the financing. The commercial lending business has concentrations in manufacturing and professional, scientific, and technical services, making up 58% and 14% of the loans outstanding as of March 31, 2020, compared to 53% and 17% as of March 31, 2019.

Page 46 of 61


 

The following table presents certain financial data and ratios as of and for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019. The commercial segment encompasses the mezzanine lending business, and the other legacy commercial loans (immaterial to total) have been re-allocated to corporate and other investments for all periods presented.

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Selected Earnings Data

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total interest income

 

$

1,758

 

 

$

1,876

 

Total interest expense

 

 

657

 

 

 

701

 

Net interest income

 

 

1,101

 

 

 

1,175

 

Provision for loan losses

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net interest income after loss provision

 

 

1,101

 

 

 

1,175

 

Total non-interest income (expense), net

 

 

(895

)

 

 

(315

)

Net income before taxes

 

 

206

 

 

 

860

 

Income tax provision

 

 

(51

)

 

 

(206

)

Net income after taxes

 

$

155

 

 

$

654

 

Balance Sheet Data

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total loans, gross

 

$

64,911

 

 

$

51,180

 

Total loan allowance

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total loans, net

 

 

64,911

 

 

 

51,180

 

Total assets

 

 

83,864

 

 

 

91,329

 

Total borrowings

 

 

68,469

 

 

 

72,976

 

Selected Financial Ratios

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Return on average assets

 

 

0.74

%

 

 

2.92

%

Return on average equity

 

 

3.69

 

 

 

14.61

 

Interest yield

 

 

10.40

 

 

 

12.93

 

Net interest margin

 

 

6.51

 

 

 

8.10

 

Reserve coverage(1)

 

 

0.00

 

 

 

0.82

 

Delinquency status(1) (2)

 

 

0.16

 

 

 

1.29

 

Charge-off %(3)

 

 

0.00

 

 

 

0.00

 

 

(1)

Ratio is based off of total commercial balances, and relates solely to the legacy commercial loan balances.

(2)

Loans 90 days or more past due.

(3)

Ratio is based on total commercial lending balances, and relates to the total loan business.

 

 

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

March 31, 2019

 

Geographic Concentrations (Dollars in thousands)

 

Total Gross

Loans

 

 

% of Market

 

 

Total Gross

Loans

 

 

% of Market

 

Michigan

 

$

10,357

 

 

 

16

%

 

$

2,017

 

 

 

4

%

Illinois

 

 

9,239

 

 

 

14

 

 

 

5,400

 

 

 

11

 

Minnesota

 

 

5,710

 

 

 

9

 

 

 

9,920

 

 

 

19

 

Texas

 

 

5,555

 

 

 

9

 

 

 

3,224

 

 

 

6

 

North Carolina

 

 

5,250

 

 

 

8

 

 

 

2,028

 

 

 

4

 

California

 

 

4,987

 

 

 

8

 

 

 

4,984

 

 

 

10

 

New Jersey

 

 

4,981

 

 

 

8

 

 

 

2,650

 

 

 

5

 

Other(1)

 

 

18,832

 

 

 

28

 

 

 

20,957

 

 

 

41

 

Total

 

$

64,911

 

 

 

100

%

 

$

51,180

 

 

 

100

%

 

(1)

Includes eight other states, which were all under 7% as of March 31, 2020 and eight other states, all under 9% as of March 31, 2019.

Medallion Lending

The medallion lending segment operates mainly in the New York City, Newark, and Chicago markets. We have a long history of owning, managing, and financing taxi fleets, taxi medallions, and corporate car services. During the three months ended March 31, 2020, taxi medallion values declined in the New York City market. We continued to experience a decline in interest income due to

Page 47 of 61


 

loans aging 90 days or more and being placed on nonaccrual, and by removing underperforming loans from the portfolio by transferring them to loan collateral in process of foreclosure with charge-offs to collateral value. All the loans are secured by the medallions and enhanced by personal guarantees of the shareholders and owners.

The following table presents certain financial data and ratios as of and for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Selected Earnings Data

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total interest income

 

$

1,002

 

 

$

841

 

Total interest expense

 

 

1,849

 

 

 

1,909

 

Net interest loss

 

 

(847

)

 

 

(1,068

)

Provision for loan losses

 

 

4,404

 

 

 

5,334

 

Net interest loss after loss provision

 

 

(5,251

)

 

 

(6,402

)

Total non-interest (expense), net

 

 

(8,573

)

 

 

1,214

 

Net loss before taxes

 

 

(13,824

)

 

 

(5,188

)

Income tax benefit

 

 

3,445

 

 

 

1,251

 

Net loss after taxes

 

$

(10,379

)

 

$

(3,937

)

Balance Sheet Data

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total loans, gross

 

$

124,448

 

 

$

165,715

 

Total loan allowance

 

 

28,256

 

 

 

25,289

 

Total loans, net

 

 

96,192

 

 

 

140,426

 

Total assets

 

 

201,959

 

 

 

254,714

 

Total borrowings

 

 

160,812

 

 

 

202,255

 

Selected Financial Ratios

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Return on average assets

 

 

(19.90

)%

 

 

(6.05

)%

Return on average equity

 

 

(98.50

)

 

 

(30.23

)

Interest yield

 

 

3.93

 

 

 

2.33

 

Net interest margin

 

 

(3.32

)

 

 

(2.96

)

Reserve coverage

 

 

22.71

 

 

 

15.26

 

Delinquency status(1)

 

 

1.21

 

 

 

2.47

 

Charge-off %

 

 

6.11

 

 

 

21.59

 

 

(1)

Loans 90 days or more past due.

 

 

 

March 31, 2020

 

 

March 31, 2019

 

Geographic Concentration (dollars in thousands)

 

Total Gross

Loans

 

 

% of Market

 

 

Total Gross

Loans

 

 

% of Market

 

New York City

 

$

111,696

 

 

 

90

%

 

$

144,113

 

 

 

87

%

Newark

 

 

12,013

 

 

 

10

 

 

 

17,923

 

 

 

11

 

Chicago

 

 

444

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,919

 

 

 

2

 

All Other

 

 

295

 

 

 

 

 

 

760

 

 

 

 

Total

 

$

124,448

 

 

 

100

%

 

$

165,715

 

 

 

100

%

 

RPAC

We are the majority owner and managing member of RPAC Racing, LLC, a performance and marketing company for NASCAR. Revenues are mainly earned through sponsorships and race winning activity over the ten month race season (February through November) during the year. As a result of COVID-19, the current year race season has been suspended through May 17, 2020 and the intention is to still ensure the completion of all races scheduled.

Page 48 of 61


 

The following table presents certain financial data and ratios as of and for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Selected Earnings Data

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sponsorship, race winnings, and other income

 

$

2,573

 

 

$

3,179

 

Race team and other expenses

 

 

3,975

 

 

 

3,795

 

Interest expense

 

 

40

 

 

 

36

 

Total expenses

 

 

4,015

 

 

 

3,831

 

Net income before taxes

 

 

(1,442

)

 

 

(652

)

Income tax (provision)

 

 

359

 

 

 

157

 

Net income after taxes

 

$

(1,083

)

 

$

(495

)

Balance Sheet Data

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total assets

 

$

30,171

 

 

$

30,952

 

Total borrowings

 

 

7,830

 

 

 

7,681

 

Selected Financial Ratios

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Return on average assets

 

 

(14.12

)%

 

 

(6.60

)%

Return on average equity

 

NM

 

 

 

(65.48

)

 

Corporate and Other Investments

This non-operating segment relates to our equity and investment securities, as well as our legacy commercial business, other assets, liabilities, revenues, and expenses not allocated to the operating segments. This segment also reflects the elimination of all intercompany activity among the consolidated entities.

The following table presents certain financial data and ratios as of and for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Selected Earnings Data

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total interest income

 

$

561

 

 

$

522

 

Total interest expense

 

 

1,601

 

 

 

1,396

 

Net interest loss

 

 

(1,040

)

 

 

(874

)

Provision for loan losses

 

 

 

 

 

455

 

Net interest loss after loss provision

 

 

(1,040

)

 

 

(1,329

)

Total non-interest (expense), net

 

 

(5,669

)

 

 

(1,103

)

Net loss before taxes

 

 

(6,709

)

 

 

(2,432

)

Income tax benefit

 

 

907

 

 

 

1,268

 

Net loss after taxes

 

$

(5,802

)

 

$

(1,164

)

Balance Sheet Data

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total loans, gross

 

$

3,346

 

 

$

4,031

 

Total loan allowance

 

 

 

 

 

455

 

Total loans, net

 

 

3,346

 

 

 

3,576

 

Total assets

 

 

231,321

 

 

 

240,032

 

Total borrowings

 

 

153,300

 

 

 

169,388

 

Selected Financial Ratios

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Return on average assets

 

 

(9.74

)%

 

 

(2.10

)%

Return on average equity

 

 

(29.89

)

 

 

(7.49

)

 

Page 49 of 61


 

SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

Summary Consolidated Financial Data

You should read the consolidated financial information below with the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes thereto included in this report.

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Statement of operations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net interest income

 

$

26,542

 

 

$

22,321

 

Provision for loan losses

 

 

16,541

 

 

 

13,343

 

Non-interest (expense), net

 

 

(26,251

)

 

 

(7,839

)

Net income before income taxes

 

 

(16,250

)

 

 

1,139

 

Income tax benefit

 

 

3,249

 

 

 

256

 

Less: income attributable to the non-controlling interest

 

 

642

 

 

 

167

 

Net income (loss)

 

$

(13,643

)

 

$

1,228

 

Per share data

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss) per diluted share

 

$

(0.56

)

 

$

0.05

 

Distributions per share

 

 

0.00

 

 

 

0.00

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diluted

 

 

24,401,773

 

 

 

24,616,890

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance sheet data

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loans receivable

 

$

1,129,722

 

 

$

987,338

 

Total assets

 

 

1,534,395

 

 

 

1,428,728

 

Total borrowings(1)

 

 

1,176,645

 

 

 

1,098,716

 

Total liabilities

 

 

1,213,822

 

 

 

1,136,887

 

Total equity(2)

 

 

320,573

 

 

 

291,841

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Selected financial ratios

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Return on average assets (ROA)

 

 

(3.57

)%

 

 

0.36

%

Return on average equity (ROE)

 

 

(16.56

)

 

 

1.72

 

Dividend payout ratio

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net interest margin

 

 

8.80

 

 

 

8.56

 

Other income ratio(3)

 

 

(2.32

)

 

 

2.63

 

Total expense ratio(4)

 

 

8.32

 

 

 

8.50

 

Equity to assets(2)

 

 

20.89

 

 

 

20.00

 

Debt to equity (1)

 

3.7x

 

 

3.8x

 

Loans receivable to assets

 

 

69

%

 

 

69

%

Net charge-offs

 

 

(8,577

)

 

 

12,876

 

Net charge-offs as a % of average loans receivable

 

 

3.08

%

 

 

5.33

%

Allowance coverage ratio

 

 

4.57

 

 

 

3.60

 

 

(1)

Excludes the $4,674 related to deferred financing costs as of March 31, 2020.

(2)

Includes $70,455 and $27,171 related to non-controlling interests in consolidated subsidiaries as of March 31, 2020 and 2019.

(3)

Other income ratio represents other income divided by average interest earning assets, and includes the gain on extinguishment of debt of $4,145 in the 2019 first quarter.

(4)

Total expense ratio represents total expenses (interest expense, operating expenses, and income taxes) divided by average interest earning assets.

 

 

 

Page 50 of 61


 

Consolidated Results of Operations

2020 First Quarter Compared to 2019 First Quarter

Net loss attributable to shareholders was $13,643,000, or $0.56 per diluted share, for the three months ended March 31, 2020, compared to net income attributable to shareholders of $1,228,000, or $0.05 per diluted share, for the three months ended March 31, 2019.

Total interest income was $35,542,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2020, compared to $30,043,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2019. Interest income reflected the continued growth in the consumer lending segment, which was partially offset by contraction of the medallion lending segment. The yield on interest earning assets was 11.82% for the three months ended March 31, 2020, compared to 11.52% for the three months ended March 31, 2019. Average interest earning assets was $1,209,745,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2020, an increase from $1,057,488,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2019.

Loans before allowance for loan losses were $1,183,779,000 as of March 31, 2020, were comprised of recreation ($635,175,000), home improvement ($255,899,000), medallion ($124,448,000), and commercial ($68,257,000) loans. The Company had an allowance for loan losses as of March 31, 2020 of $54,057,000, which was attributable to the medallion (52%), recreation (41%), and home improvement (7%) loan portfolios. As of December 31, 2019, loans before allowance for loan losses were $1,160,855,000, comprised of recreation ($713,332,000), home improvement ($247,324,000), medallion ($130,432,000), and commercial ($69,767,000) loans. The Company had an allowance for loan losses as of December 31, 2019 of $46,093,000, which was attributable to medallion (55%), recreation (39%), and home improvement (6%) loans.

Loans increased $22,924,000, or 2%, from December 31, 2019 as a result of $105,283,000 of loan originations, partly offset by principal payments, transfers to loan collateral in process of foreclosure and net charge-offs. The provision for loan losses was $16,541,000 for three months ended March 31, 2020, compared to $13,343,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2019. This change was reflective of an increase of reserve percentages ranging from 25 to 50 basis points on the consumer loan portfolio due to the economic factors as a result of COVID-19 along with the increase in reserves on the medallion portfolio due to a decline in the New York City medallion values. The charge off ratios on the loan portfolio increased to 3.08% for the three months ended March 31, 2020 compared to 5.33% for the three months ended March 31, 2019, driven by the recreation segment. See Note 4 for additional information on loans and allowance for loan losses.

Interest expense was $9,000,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2020, compared to $7,722,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2019. The average cost of borrowed funds was 3.11%, compared to 2.93%, mainly driven by the new borrowings at higher interest rates partly offset by a decline in the market rates for other borrowings. Average debt outstanding was $1,164,483,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2020, compared to $1,067,075,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2019. See page 40 for a table which shows average balances and cost of funds for our funding sources.

Net interest income was $26,542,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2020, compared to $22,321,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2019, and the net interest margin was 8.80%, compared to 8.56%, reflecting the above.

Net noninterest income (loss), which is comprised of sponsorship and race winnings, prepayment fees, servicing fee income, late charges, write-downs of loan collateral, impairment of equity investments, and other miscellaneous income was a loss of $6,980,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2020, compared to income of $6,863,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2019. The change was mainly due to increased write-downs of the loan collateral in process of foreclosure as a result of the increased decline in medallion values in the New York City market decline along with the $3,510,000 charge in connection with a non-core sports- related investment, compared to the prior year’s first quarter which contained a $4,145,000 gain on the extinguishment and lower write-downs of the loan collateral in process of foreclosure.

Operating expenses were $19,271,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2020, compared to $14,702,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2019. Salaries and benefits were $6,933,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2020, compared to $5,341,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2019, with the increase mainly attributable to benefits recognized in the prior year related to bonus accrual adjustments. Professional fees were $3,589,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2020, compared $1,636,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2019, primarily reflecting legal costs for a variety of corporate and loan investment-related matters. Race team costs were $2,130,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2020, compared to $1,998,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2019. Loan servicing costs were $1,612,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2020, primarily reflecting costs of servicing the recreation and home improvement consumer loans, compared to $1,194,000 for three months ended March 31, 2019, and occupancy and other operating expenses were $5,007,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2020, compared to $4,533,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2019.

Page 51 of 61


 

Total income tax benefit was $3,249,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2020, compared to $256,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2019. The current quarter benefit was due to the above whereas the prior year quarter included a $600,000 tax benefit related to an ongoing state tax audit. See Note 7 for more information.

Loan collateral in process of foreclosure was $46,817,000 at March 31, 2020, a decline from $52,711,000 at December 31, 2019. The decrease was primarily reflective of the decline in collateral values and to a lesser extent the disposition of collateral assets, partly offset by the additional loans having reached 120 days past due being charged-down to their collateral value and reclassified to loan collateral in process of foreclosure.

Goodwill and intangible assets were $202,978,000 at March 31, 2020, compared to $203,339,000 as of December 31, 2019, reflecting the amortization of the intangible assets during the three months ended March 31, 2020. See Note 2 for further information regarding goodwill and intangible assets.

ASSET/LIABILITY MANAGEMENT

Interest Rate Sensitivity

We, like other financial institutions, are subject to interest rate risk to the extent that our interest-earning assets (consisting of consumer, commercial, and medallion loans, and investment securities) reprice on a different basis over time in comparison to our interest-bearing liabilities (consisting primarily of bank certificates of deposit, credit facilities and borrowings from banks and other lenders, and SBA debentures and borrowings).

Having interest-bearing liabilities that mature or reprice more frequently on average than assets may be beneficial in times of declining interest rates, although such an asset/liability structure may result in declining net earnings during periods of rising interest rates. Abrupt increases in market rates of interest may have an adverse impact on our earnings until we are able to originate new loans at the higher prevailing interest rates. Conversely, having interest-earning assets that mature or reprice more frequently on average than liabilities may be beneficial in times of rising interest rates, although this asset/liability structure may result in declining net earnings during periods of falling interest rates. This mismatch between maturities and interest rate sensitivities of our interest-earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities results in interest rate risk.

The effect of changes in interest rates is mitigated by regular turnover of the portfolio. Based on past experience, we anticipate that approximately 40% of the medallion loan portfolio will mature or be prepaid each year. We believe that the average life of our loan portfolio varies to some extent as a function of changes in interest rates. Borrowers are more likely to exercise prepayment rights in a decreasing interest rate environment because the interest rate payable on the borrower’s loan is high relative to prevailing interest rates. Conversely, borrowers are less likely to prepay in a rising interest rate environment. However, borrowers may prepay for a variety of other reasons, such as to monetize increases in the underlying collateral values.

In addition, we manage our exposure to increases in market rates of interest by incurring fixed-rate indebtedness, such as ten year subordinated SBA debentures, and by setting repricing intervals on certificates of deposit, for terms of up to five years. We had outstanding SBA debentures and borrowings of $71,451,000 with a weighted average interest rate of 3.42%, constituting 6% of our total indebtedness, $36,000,000 of privately placed notes, with a weighted average interest rate of 8.25%, constituting 3% of total indebtedness, and retail notes of $33,625,000, with a weighted average interest rate of 9.00%, constituting 3% of total indebtedness as of March 31, 2020. Also, as of March 31, 2020, certain of the certificates of deposit were for terms of up to 60 months, further mitigating the immediate impact of changes in market interest rates.

A relative measure of interest rate risk can be derived from our interest rate sensitivity gap. The interest rate sensitivity gap represents the difference between interest-earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities, which mature and/or reprice within specified intervals of time. The gap is considered to be positive when repriceable assets exceed repriceable liabilities, and negative when repriceable liabilities exceed repriceable assets. A relative measure of interest rate sensitivity is provided by the cumulative difference between interest sensitive assets and interest sensitive liabilities for a given time interval expressed as a percentage of total assets.

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The following table presents our interest rate sensitivity gap at March 31, 2020. The principal amounts of interest earning assets are assigned to the time frames in which such principal amounts are contractually obligated to be repriced. We have not reflected an assumed annual prepayment rate for such assets in this table.

 

March 31, 2020 Cumulative Rate Gap(1)

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Less Than 1

Year

 

 

More Than

1 and Less

Than 2

Years

 

 

More Than

2 and Less

Than 3

Years

 

 

More Than

3 and Less

Than 4

Years

 

 

More Than

4 and Less

Than 5

Years

 

 

More Than

5 and Less

Than 6

Years

 

 

Thereafter

 

 

Total

 

Earning assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Floating-rate

 

$

39,808

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

39,808

 

Adjustable rate

 

 

19,772

 

 

 

12,019

 

 

 

7,006

 

 

 

12,287

 

 

 

36

 

 

 

 

 

 

28

 

 

 

51,148

 

Fixed-rate

 

 

33,832

 

 

 

41,590

 

 

 

54,345

 

 

 

65,084

 

 

 

70,832

 

 

 

50,337

 

 

 

837,523

 

 

 

1,153,543

 

Cash

 

 

15,817

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

15,817

 

Total earning assets

 

$

109,229

 

 

$

53,609

 

 

$

61,351

 

 

$

77,371

 

 

$

70,868

 

 

$

50,337

 

 

$

837,551

 

 

$

1,260,316

 

Interest bearing liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deposits

 

$

299,462

 

 

$

267,101

 

 

$

213,842

 

 

$

124,156

 

 

$

57,955

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

962,516

 

SBA debentures and borrowings

 

 

28,951

 

 

 

 

 

 

5,000

 

 

 

2,500

 

 

 

12,500

 

 

 

15,500

 

 

 

7,000

 

 

 

71,451

 

Notes payable to banks

 

 

31,103

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,120

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

32,223

 

Retail and privately placed notes

 

 

 

 

 

33,625

 

 

 

 

 

 

36,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

69,625

 

Preferred securities

 

 

33,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

33,000

 

Other borrowings

 

 

500

 

 

 

7,330

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7,830

 

Total liabilities

 

$

393,016

 

 

$

308,056

 

 

$

218,842

 

 

$

163,776

 

 

$

70,455

 

 

$

15,500

 

 

$

7,000

 

 

$

1,176,645

 

Interest rate gap

 

$

(283,787

)

 

$

(254,447

)

 

$

(157,491

)

 

$

(86,405

)

 

$

413

 

 

$

34,837

 

 

$

830,551

 

 

$

83,671

 

Cumulative interest rate gap

 

$

(283,787

)

 

$

(538,234

)

 

$

(695,725

)

 

$

(782,130

)

 

$

(781,717

)

 

$

(746,880

)

 

$

83,671

 

 

$

 

December 31, 2019

 

$

(260,323

)

 

$

(500,953

)

 

$

(651,546

)

 

$

(689,819

)

 

$

(748,187

)

 

$

(706,935

)

 

$

83,402

 

 

$

 

December 31, 2018

 

$

(232,323

)

 

$

(409,272

)

 

$

(563,100

)

 

$

(638,264

)

 

$

(600,146

)

 

$

(554,335

)

 

$

59,833

 

 

$

 

 

(1)

The ratio of the cumulative one year gap to total interest rate sensitive assets was (23%) as of March 31, 2020.  

Our interest rate sensitive assets were $1,260,316,000 and interest rate sensitive liabilities were $1,176,645,000 at March 31, 2020. The one-year cumulative interest rate gap was a negative $283,787,000 or 23% of interest rate sensitive assets.. We seek to manage interest rate risk by originating adjustable-rate loans, by incurring fixed-rate indebtedness, by evaluating appropriate derivatives, pursuing securitization opportunities, and by other options consistent with managing interest rate risk.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Our sources of liquidity are with a variety of local and regional banking institutions, unfunded commitments to sell debentures to the SBA, loan amortization and prepayments, private issuances of debt securities, participations or sales of loans to third parties, the disposition of other assets of the Company, and dividends from Medallion Capital and the Bank, and are subject to compliance with regulatory ratios. Additionally, we had $3,000,000 of unfunded commitments from the SBA as of March 31, 2020.

Additionally, the Bank has access to independent sources of funds for our business originated there, primarily through brokered certificates of deposit. The Bank has up to $45,000,000 available under Fed Funds lines with several commercial banks. In addition, the Bank can retain earnings in its business to fund future growth.

In December 2019, the Bank closed an initial public offering of $46,000,000 aggregate liquidation amount, yielding net proceeds of $42,485,000, of its Fixed-to-Floating Rate Non-Cumulative Perpetual Preferred Stock, Series F. Dividends are payable quarterly from the date of issuance to, but excluding April 1, 2025, at a rate of 8% per annum, and from and including April 1, 2025, at a floating rate equal to a benchmark rate (which is expected to be three-month Secured Overnight Financing Rate, or SOFR) plus a spread of 6.46% per annum.

In March 2019, we completed a private placement to certain institutional investors of $30,000,000 aggregate principal amount of 8.25% unsecured notes due 2024, with interest payable semiannually. A follow-on offering of these notes in the 2019 third quarter raised an additional $6,000,000.

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The components of our debt were as follows at March 31, 2020, exclusive of deferred financing costs of $4,674,000. See Note 5 to the consolidated financial statements for details of the contractual terms of our borrowings.

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Balance

 

 

Percentage

 

 

Rate (1)

 

Deposits

 

$

962,516

 

 

 

81

%

 

 

2.25

%

SBA debentures and borrowings

 

 

71,451

 

 

 

6

 

 

 

3.42

 

Retail and privately placed notes

 

 

69,625

 

 

 

6

 

 

 

8.61

 

Preferred securities

 

 

33,000

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

3.13

 

Notes payable to banks

 

 

32,223

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

3.88

 

Other borrowings

 

 

7,830

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

2.00

 

Total outstanding debt

 

$

1,176,645

 

 

 

100

%

 

 

2.77

%

 

(1)

Weighted average contractual rate as of March 31, 2020.

Our contractual obligations expire on or mature at various dates through September 2037. The following table shows all contractual obligations at March 31, 2020.

 

 

 

Payments due by period

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Less than

1 year

 

 

1 – 2 years

 

 

2 – 3 years

 

 

3 – 4 years

 

 

4 – 5 years

 

 

More than

5 years

 

 

Total(1)

 

Deposits

 

$

299,462

 

 

$

267,101

 

 

$

213,842

 

 

$

124,156

 

 

$

57,955

 

 

$—

 

 

$

962,516

 

SBA debentures and borrowings

 

 

28,951

 

 

 

 

 

5,000

 

 

 

2,500

 

 

 

12,500

 

 

 

22,500

 

 

 

71,451

 

Retail and privately placed notes

 

 

 

 

33,625

 

 

 

 

 

36,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

69,625

 

Notes payable to banks

 

 

31,453

 

 

 

280

 

 

 

280

 

 

 

210

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

32,223

 

Preferred securities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

33,000

 

 

 

33,000

 

Other borrowings

 

 

500

 

 

 

7,330

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7,830

 

Operating lease obligations

 

 

2,537

 

 

 

2,470

 

 

 

2,395

 

 

 

2,360

 

 

 

2,377

 

 

 

5,364

 

 

 

17,503

 

Total

 

$

362,903

 

 

$

310,806

 

 

$

221,517

 

 

$

165,226

 

 

$

72,832

 

 

$

60,864

 

 

$

1,194,148

 

 

(1)Total debt is exclusive of deferred financing costs of $4,674.

 

Most of our borrowing relationships have maturity dates during 2020 through 2021. We have been in active and ongoing discussions with each of these lenders and, to date, have extended each of the facilities as they matured. We have arranged for changes to the terms of the notes and payment and borrowing base calculations which we anticipate will facilitate our operations for the foreseeable future. As a result of the anticipated cash flow shortages due to the slowdown in the taxi industry resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic, the Company received 60-90 day payment deferrals terminating between May and June for the notes payable to banks. The Company is currently in the process of requesting extensions of such deferrals; however, there can be no assurance that such extensions will be received.

On July 16, 2019, we paid $10,819,000 at maturity in satisfaction of all our outstanding obligations under one of our credit facilities. In connection with this payment, we obtained a waiver from one of our other lenders, with a term note of $2,150,000, of certain resulting repayment and other obligations, which waiver expires on December 15, 2020.

In addition, the illiquidity of portions of our loan portfolio and investments may adversely affect our ability to dispose of them at times when it may be advantageous for us to liquidate such portfolio or investments. In addition, if we were required to liquidate some or all of our portfolio, the proceeds of such liquidation may be significantly less than the current value of such investments. Because we borrow money to make loans and investments, our net operating income is dependent upon the difference between the rate at which we borrow funds and the rate at which we invest these funds. As a result, there can be no assurance that a significant change in market interest rates will not have a material adverse effect on our interest income. In periods of sharply rising interest rates, our cost of funds would increase, which would reduce our net interest income.

We use a combination of long-term and short-term borrowings and equity capital to finance our investing activities. Our long-term fixed-rate investments are financed primarily with short-term floating-rate debt, and to a lesser extent by term fixed-rate debt. We may use interest rate risk management techniques in an effort to limit our exposure to interest rate fluctuations. We have analyzed the potential impact of changes in interest rates on net interest income. Assuming that the balance sheet were to remain constant and no actions were taken to alter the existing interest rate sensitivity a hypothetical immediate 1% increase in interest rates would result in an increase to net income as of March 31, 2020 by $648,000 on an annualized basis, and the impact of such an immediate increase of 1% over an one year period would have been ($1,502,000) at March 31, 2020. Although management believes that this measure is

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indicative of our sensitivity to interest rate changes, it does not adjust for potential changes in credit quality, size, and composition of the assets on the balance sheet, and other business developments that could affect net income from operations in a particular quarter or for the year taken as a whole. Accordingly, no assurances can be given that actual results would not differ materially from the potential outcome simulated by these estimates.

We continue to work