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NWPX Northwest Pipe

Filed: 4 May 21, 4:06pm
 

Table of Contents



 

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended: March 31, 2021

or

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from _______to _______            

 

Commission File Number: 0-27140

 

NORTHWEST PIPE COMPANY

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Oregon

93-0557988

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

201 NE Park Plaza Drive, Suite 100

Vancouver, Washington 98684

(Address of principal executive offices and Zip Code)

 

3603976250

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

 Title of each class         

Trading Symbol(s)    

 Name of each exchange on which registered     

Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share

NWPX

Nasdaq Global Select Market

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ☒    No  ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation ST (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  ☒    No  ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

Smaller reporting company

  

Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes  ☐    No  ☒

 

The number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s common stock as of April 26, 2021 was 9,857,961 shares. 

 



 

 
 

NORTHWEST PIPE COMPANY

FORM 10Q

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

Page

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 
  

Item 1. Financial Statements (Unaudited):

 
  

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020

2

  

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020

3

  

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020

4

  

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020

5

  

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020

6

  

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

7

  

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

16

  

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

21

  

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

22

  

PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

 
  

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

22

  

Item 1A. Risk Factors

22

  

Item 6. Exhibits

23

  

Signatures

24

 

 

Part I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Financial Statements

 

 

NORTHWEST PIPE COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(Unaudited)

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

 

  

Three Months Ended March 31,

 
  

2021

  

2020

 
         

Net sales

 $72,311  $68,923 

Cost of sales

  63,536   59,344 

Gross profit

  8,775   9,579 

Selling, general, and administrative expense

  5,830   7,945 

Operating income

  2,945   1,634 

Other income (expense)

  59   (401

)

Interest income

  0   22 

Interest expense

  (227

)

  (219

)

Income before income taxes

  2,777   1,036 

Income tax expense

  602

 

  472 

Net income

 $2,175  $564 
         

Net income per share:

        

Basic

 $0.22  $0.06 

Diluted

 $0.22  $0.06 
         

Shares used in per share calculations:

        

Basic

  9,814   9,751 

Diluted

  9,921   9,829 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

NORTHWEST PIPE COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(Unaudited)

(In thousands)

 

  

Three Months Ended March 31,

 
  

2021

  

2020

 
         

Net income

 $2,175  $564 
         

Other comprehensive income, net of tax:

        

Pension liability adjustment

  29   25 

Unrealized gain on cash flow hedges

  32   79 

Other comprehensive income, net of tax

  61   104 

Comprehensive income

 $2,236  $668 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

NORTHWEST PIPE COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(Unaudited)

(Dollar amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)

 

  

March 31,

2021

  

December 31,

2020

 

Assets

        

Current assets:

        

Cash and cash equivalents

 $29,893  $37,927 

Trade and other receivables, less allowance for doubtful accounts of $782 and $767

  40,214   42,680 

Contract assets

  75,466   76,985 

Inventories

  33,177   29,177 

Prepaid expenses and other

  5,560   5,194 

Total current assets

  184,310   191,963 

Property and equipment, less accumulated depreciation and amortization of $98,702 and $96,684

  109,423   110,184 

Operating lease right-of-use assets

  34,228   30,813 

Goodwill

  22,985   22,985 

Intangible assets, net

  10,202   10,518 

Other assets

  6,167   6,552 

Total assets

 $367,315  $373,015 
         

Liabilities and Stockholders Equity

        

Current liabilities:

        

Current portion of long-term debt

 $3,131  $7,701 

Accounts payable

  13,260   12,993 

Accrued liabilities

  14,607   16,814 

Contract liabilities

  2,034   6,189 

Current portion of operating lease liabilities

  2,382   2,204 

Total current liabilities

  35,414   45,901 

Long-term debt

  5,106   5,888 

Operating lease liabilities

  31,236   27,911 

Deferred income taxes

  12,750   12,481 

Other long-term liabilities

  10,472   11,208 

Total liabilities

  94,978   103,389 
         

Commitments and contingencies (Note 7)

          
         

Stockholders’ equity:

        

Preferred stock, $.01 par value, 10,000,000 shares authorized, none issued or outstanding

  0   0 

Common stock, $.01 par value, 15,000,000 shares authorized, 9,857,961 and 9,805,437 shares issued and outstanding

  99   98 

Additional paid-in-capital

  123,487   123,013 

Retained earnings

  150,556   148,381 

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

  (1,805

)

  (1,866

)

Total stockholders’ equity

  272,337   269,626 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

 $367,315  $373,015 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

NORTHWEST PIPE COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS EQUITY

(Unaudited)

(Dollar amounts in thousands)

 

                  

Accumulated

     
          

Additional

      

Other

  

Total

 
  

Common Stock

  

Paid-In-

  

Retained

  

Comprehensive

  

Stockholders'

 
  

Shares

  

Amount

  

Capital

  

Earnings

  

Loss

  

Equity

 
                         

Balances, December 31, 2020

  9,805,437  $98  $123,013  $148,381  $(1,866

)

 $269,626 

Net income

  -   0   0   2,175   0   2,175 

Other comprehensive income:

                        

Pension liability adjustment, net of tax expense of $0

  -   0   0   0   29   29 

Unrealized gain on cash flow hedges, net of tax expense of $8

  -   0   0   0   32   32 

Issuance of common stock under stock compensation plans

  52,524   1   (223

)

  0   0   (222

)

Share-based compensation expense

  -   0   697   0   0   697 

Balances, March 31, 2021

  9,857,961  $99  $123,487  $150,556  $(1,805

)

 $272,337 

 

                  

Accumulated

     
          

Additional

      

Other

  

Total

 
  

Common Stock

  

Paid-In-

  

Retained

  

Comprehensive

  

Stockholders'

 
  

Shares

  

Amount

  

Capital

  

Earnings

  

Loss

  

Equity

 
                         

Balances, December 31, 2019

  9,746,979  $97  $120,544  $129,331  $(1,814

)

 $248,158 

Net income

  -   0   0   564   0   564 

Other comprehensive income:

                        

Pension liability adjustment, net of tax expense of $0

  -   0   0   0   25   25 

Unrealized gain on cash flow hedges, net of tax expense of $23

  -   0   0   0   79   79 

Issuance of common stock under stock compensation plans

  41,016   1   (102

)

  0   0   (101

)

Share-based compensation expense

  -   0   460   0   0   460 

Balances, March 31, 2020

  9,787,995  $98  $120,902  $129,895  $(1,710

)

 $249,185 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

NORTHWEST PIPE COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Unaudited)

(In thousands)

 

  

Three Months Ended March 31,

 
  

2021

  

2020

 

Cash flows from operating activities:

        

Net income

 $2,175  $564 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:     

Depreciation and finance lease amortization

  2,698   3,031 

Amortization of intangible assets

  316   399 

Deferred income taxes

  271   712 

Share-based compensation expense

  697   460 

Other, net

  (68)  (232

)

Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of acquired assets and assumed liabilities:

     

Trade and other receivables

  2,308   5,213 

Contract assets, net

  (2,636

)

  8,683 

Inventories

  (3,988

)

  (3,068

)

Prepaid expenses and other assets

  1,203   2,179 

Accounts payable

  165   1,320 

Accrued and other liabilities

  (3,727

)

  (4,225

)

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

  (586

)

  15,036 

Cash flows from investing activities:

        

Acquisition of business, net of cash acquired

  0   (48,728

)

Purchases of property and equipment

  (1,861

)

  (2,936

)

Other investing activities

  99   0 

Net cash used in investing activities

  (1,762

)

  (51,664

)

Cash flows from financing activities:

        

Borrowings on line of credit

  0   41,377 

Repayments on line of credit

  0   (41,377

)

Borrowings on long-term debt

  0   15,879 

Payments on long-term debt

  (5,364

)

  0 

Payments on finance lease obligations

  (100

)

  (103

)

Payments of debt issuance costs

  0   (405

)

Tax withholdings related to net share settlements of restricted stock and performance share awards

  (222

)

  (101

)

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

  (5,686

)

  15,270 

Change in cash and cash equivalents

  (8,034

)

  (21,358

)

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

  37,927   31,014 

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

 $29,893  $9,656 
         

Noncash investing and financing activities:

        

Accrued property and equipment purchases

 $428  $445 

Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for operating lease liabilities

 $4,656  $0 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

NORTHWEST PIPE COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

 

1.

Organization and Basis of Presentation

 

Northwest Pipe Company (the “Company”) is a leading manufacturer for water related infrastructure products. In addition to being the largest manufacturer of engineered steel water pipeline systems in North America, the Company produces high-quality precast and reinforced concrete products, Permalok® steel casing pipe, bar-wrapped concrete cylinder pipe, as well as linings, coatings, joints, and one of the largest offerings of fittings and specialized components. The Company provides solution-based products for a wide range of markets including water transmission and infrastructure, water and wastewater plant piping, structural stormwater and sewer systems, trenchless technology, and pipeline rehabilitation. The Company’s chief operating decision maker, its Chief Executive Officer, evaluates performance of the Company and makes decisions regarding allocation of resources based on total Company results. Therefore, the Company has determined that it operates in one segment, Water Infrastructure.

 

The Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are expressed in United States Dollars and include the accounts of the Company and its subsidiaries over which the Company exercises control as of the financial statement date. Intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated.

 

The accompanying unaudited interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial information. The financial information as of December 31, 2020 is derived from the audited Consolidated Financial Statements presented in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10‑K for the year ended December 31, 2020 (“2020 Form 10‑K”). Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP have been condensed or omitted, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the accounting standards for interim financial statements. In the opinion of management, the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements include all adjustments necessary (which are of a normal and recurring nature) for the fair statement of the results of the interim periods presented. The Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes thereto together with management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations contained in the Company’s 2020 Form 10‑K.

 

Operating results for the three months ended March 31, 2021 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the entire fiscal year ending December 31, 2021, particularly in light of the coronavirus disease 2019 (“COVID‑19”) pandemic and its effects on the domestic and global economies.

 

Impact of the COVID19 Pandemic

 

In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared COVID‑19 a pandemic. While the COVID‑19 pandemic has not had a direct material adverse effect on the Company's reported results for the first three months of 2021, the Company is unable to predict the ultimate impact that the COVID‑19 pandemic may have on its business, future results of operations, financial position, or cash flows. The extent to which the Company's operations may be impacted by the COVID‑19 pandemic will depend largely on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be accurately predicted, including new information which may emerge concerning the severity of the pandemic and actions by government authorities to contain the pandemic or treat its impact. Furthermore, the impacts on global and domestic economic conditions, including the long-term potential to reduce or delay funding of municipal projects, and the continued disruptions to and volatility in the financial markets remain unknown. The Company continues to monitor the impact of the COVID‑19 pandemic on all aspects of its business. The Company has also taken proactive and precautionary steps to ensure the safety of its employees, customers, and suppliers, including frequent cleaning and disinfection of workspaces, providing personal protective equipment, instituting social distancing measures, and offering remote working environments for certain employees.

 

7

 
 

2.

Business Combination

 

On January 31, 2020, the Company completed the acquisition of 100% of Geneva Pipe and Precast Company (“Geneva”) (fka Geneva Pipe Company, Inc.) for a purchase price of $49.4 million in cash. Geneva is a concrete pipe and precast concrete products manufacturer based in Utah. This acquisition expanded the Company’s water infrastructure product capabilities by adding additional reinforced concrete pipe capacity and a full line of precast concrete products including storm drains and manholes, catch basins, vaults, and curb inlets as well as innovative lined products that extend the life of concrete pipe and manholes for sewer applications. Operations have continued with Geneva's previous management and workforce at the three Utah manufacturing facilities located in Salt Lake City, Orem, and St. George. Consistent with prior periods and considering the chief operating decision maker's evaluation of post-acquisition performance is based on total Company results, the Company continues to report as 1 segment.

 

The following table summarizes the purchase consideration and fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed as of January 31, 2020 (in thousands):

 

Assets

    

Cash and cash equivalents

 $691 

Trade and other receivables

  7,089 

Inventories

  5,673 

Prepaid expenses and other

  356 

Property and equipment

  9,096 

Operating lease right-of-use assets

  21,684 

Intangible assets

  11,165 

Total assets acquired

  55,754 
     

Liabilities

    

Accounts payable

  1,395 

Accrued liabilities

  1,189 

Operating lease liabilities

  20,454 

Deferred income taxes

  5,343 

Other long-term liabilities

  939 

Total liabilities assumed

  29,320 
     

Goodwill

  22,985 
     

Total purchase consideration

 $49,419 

 

The purchase consideration for this business combination was allocated to the tangible and intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on their estimated fair values on the acquisition date, with the remaining unallocated purchase consideration recorded as goodwill. As a result of additional information obtained during the measurement period about facts and circumstances that existed as of the acquisition date, the Company recorded measurement period adjustments during the three months ended June 30, 2020 which resulted in a $0.1 million balance sheet reclassification between trade and other receivables and inventories.

 

The following table summarizes the components of the intangible assets acquired and their estimated useful lives:

 

  

Estimated

Useful Life

  

Fair Value

 
  

(In years)

  

(In thousands)

 
         

Customer relationships

  11.0  $8,031 

Trade names

  10.0   2,093 

Backlog

  0.9   1,041 

Total intangible assets

  9.9  $11,165 

 

8

 

Goodwill arose from the acquisition of an assembled workforce, expansion of product offerings, and management’s industry know-how. The Company does not expect the goodwill to be deductible for tax purposes.

 

The Company incurred transaction costs associated with this acquisition of $2.5 million during the three months ended March 31, 2020. These transaction costs are included in Selling, general, and administrative expense in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.

 

The following unaudited pro forma summary presents the consolidated results of the Company as if the acquisition of Geneva had occurred on January 1 of the year prior to the acquisition (in thousands):

 

  

Three Months

Ended March 31,

2020

 
     

Net sales

 $72,512 

Net income

  2,424 

 

This unaudited pro forma consolidated financial data is included only for the purpose of illustration and does not necessarily indicate what the operating results would have been if the acquisition had occurred on January 1 of the year prior to the acquisition. Moreover, this information is not indicative of what the Company’s future operating results will be. The information prior to the acquisition is included based on prior accounting records maintained by Geneva. The pro forma amounts have been calculated after applying the Company’s accounting policies and adjusting the results of Geneva to reflect the additional depreciation and amortization that would have been charged assuming the fair value adjustments to property and equipment and intangible assets had been applied on January 1 of the year prior to the acquisition. Adjustments also include an increase of interest expense as if the Company’s debt obtained in connection with the acquisition had been outstanding since January 1 of the year prior to the acquisition. The unaudited pro forma financial information includes non-recurring adjustments to remove transaction costs directly attributable to the acquisition. The provision for income taxes has also been adjusted for all periods, based upon the foregoing adjustments to historical results.

 

 

 

3.

Inventories

 

Inventories consist of the following (in thousands):

 

  

March 31,

2021

  

December 31,

2020

 
         

Raw materials

 $24,570  $20,631 

Work-in-process

  1,076   1,416 

Finished goods

  5,799   5,489 

Supplies

  1,732   1,641 

Total inventories

 $33,177  $29,177 

 

9

 

 

4.

Fair Value Measurements

 

Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability, in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability, in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date.

 

The authoritative guidance establishes a fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value into three broad levels. These levels are: Level 1 (inputs are quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities); Level 2 (inputs are other than quoted prices that are observable, either directly or indirectly through corroboration with observable market data); and Level 3 (inputs are unobservable, with little or no market data that exists, such as internal financial forecasts). The Company is required to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value.

 

The following table summarizes information regarding the Company’s financial assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis (in thousands):

 

  

Total

  

Level 1

  

Level 2

  

Level 3

 

As of March 31, 2021

                

Financial assets:

                

Deferred compensation plan

 $4,410

 

 $3,734  $676

 

 $0 
                 

Financial liabilities:

                

Foreign currency forward contracts

 $(910

)

 $0  $(910

)

 $0 
                 

As of December 31, 2020

                

Financial assets:

                

Deferred compensation plan

 $4,717  $3,884  $833  $0 
                 

Financial liabilities:

                

Foreign currency forward contracts

 $(1,150

)

 $0  $(1,150

)

 $0 

 

The deferred compensation plan assets consist of cash and several publicly traded stock and bond mutual funds, valued using quoted market prices in active markets, classified as Level 1 within the fair value hierarchy, as well as guaranteed investment contracts, valued at principal plus interest credited at contract rates, classified as Level 2 within the fair value hierarchy. Deferred compensation plan assets are included within Other assets in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

 

The Company’s foreign currency forward contracts are derivatives valued using various pricing models or discounted cash flow analyses that incorporate observable market parameters, such as interest rate yield curves and currency rates, and are classified as Level 2 within the fair value hierarchy. Derivative valuations incorporate credit risk adjustments that are necessary to reflect the probability of default by the counterparty or the Company. Foreign currency forward contracts are presented at their gross fair values. Foreign currency forward contract assets are included within Prepaid expenses and other and foreign currency forward contract liabilities are included within Accrued liabilities in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

 

The net carrying amounts of cash and cash equivalents, trade and other receivables, accounts payable, accrued liabilities, and revolving loan borrowings approximate fair value due to the short-term nature of these instruments. The Company is obligated to repay the carrying value of the Company’s long-term debt. The fair value of the Company’s long-term debt is calculated using interest rates for the Company’s existing debt arrangements which are classified as Level 2 inputs within the fair value hierarchy. As of March 31, 2021, the fair value of the Company’s long-term debt approximates the carrying value as the borrowings bear interest based on current market rates.

 

10

 

 

5.

Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities

 

For each foreign currency forward contract entered into in which the Company seeks to obtain cash flow hedge accounting treatment, the Company formally documents all relationships between hedging instruments and hedged items, as well as its risk management objective and strategy for undertaking the hedge transaction, the nature of the risk being hedged, how the hedging instrument’s effectiveness in offsetting the hedged risk will be assessed prospectively and retrospectively, and a description of the method of measuring ineffectiveness. This process includes linking all foreign currency forward contracts to specific firm commitments or forecasted transactions and designating the foreign currency forward contracts as cash flow hedges. The Company also formally assesses, both at the hedge’s inception and on an ongoing basis, whether the foreign currency forward contracts that are used in hedging transactions are highly effective in offsetting changes in cash flows of hedged items. The effective portion of these hedged items is reflected in Unrealized gain on cash flow hedges on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income. If it is determined that a foreign currency forward contract is not highly effective, or that it has ceased to be a highly effective hedge, the Company is required to discontinue hedge accounting with respect to that foreign currency forward contract prospectively.

 

As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the total notional amount of the foreign currency forward contracts designated as cash flow hedges was $9.9 million (CAD$12.5 million) and $15.3 million (CAD$19.5 million), respectively. As of March 31, 2021, the Company’s foreign currency forward contracts mature at various dates through May 2022 and are subject to an enforceable master netting arrangement.

 

As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, all foreign currency forward contracts were designated as cash flow hedges. Gains recognized in Net sales from foreign currency forward contracts not designated as hedging instruments were approximately $0 and $0.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. As of March 31, 2021, unrealized pretax losses on outstanding foreign currency forward contracts in Accumulated other comprehensive loss was $(0.1) million, of which approximately $0 is expected to be reclassified to Net sales within the next twelve months as a result of underlying hedged transactions also being recorded in Net sales.

 

 

 

6.

Share-based Compensation

 

The Company has one active stock incentive plan for employees and directors, the 2007 Stock Incentive Plan, which provides for awards of stock options to purchase shares of common stock, stock appreciation rights, restricted and unrestricted shares of common stock, restricted stock units (“RSUs”), and performance share awards (“PSAs”).

 

The Company recognizes the compensation cost of employee and director services received in exchange for awards of equity instruments based on the grant date estimated fair value of the awards. The Company estimates the fair value of RSUs and PSAs using the value of the Company’s stock on the date of grant. Share-based compensation cost is recognized over the period during which the employee or director is required to provide service in exchange for the award and, as forfeitures occur, the associated compensation cost recognized to date is reversed. For awards with performance-based payout conditions, the Company recognizes compensation cost based on the probability of achieving the performance conditions, with changes in expectations recognized as an adjustment to earnings in the period of change. Any recognized compensation cost is reversed if the conditions are ultimately not met.

 

The following table summarizes share-based compensation expense recorded (in thousands):

 

  Three Months Ended March 31, 
  2021  2020 
         

Cost of sales

 $230  $142 

Selling, general, and administrative expense

  467   318 

Total

 $697  $460 

 

11

 

Restricted Stock Units and Performance Share Awards

 

The Company’s stock incentive plan provides for equity instruments, such as RSUs and PSAs, which grant the right to receive a specified number of shares over a specified period of time. RSUs are service-based awards and vest according to vesting schedules, which range from immediate to ratably over a three-year period. PSAs are service-based awards that vest according to the terms of the grant and have performance-based payout conditions.

 

The following table summarizes the Company’s RSU and PSA activity:

 

  

Number of

RSUs and

PSAs (1)

  

Weighted-

Average

Grant Date Fair

Value

 
         

Unvested RSUs and PSAs as of December 31, 2020

  129,572  $25.86 

RSUs and PSAs granted

  90,368   33.30 

RSUs and PSAs vested (2)

  (58,809

)

  25.53 

Unvested RSUs and PSAs as of March 31, 2021

  161,131   30.26 

 

 

(1)

The number of PSAs disclosed in this table are at the target level of 100%.

   
 

(2)

For the PSAs vested on March 31, 2021, the actual number of common shares that were issued was determined by multiplying the PSAs by a payout percentage based on the performance-based conditions achieved. The payout percentage was 126% for the 2019-2020 performance period and 200% for the 2020 performance period.

 

The unvested balance of RSUs and PSAs as of March 31, 2021 includes approximately 116,000 PSAs. The vesting of these awards is subject to the achievement of specified performance-based conditions, and the actual number of common shares that will ultimately be issued will be determined by multiplying this number of PSAs by a payout percentage ranging from 0% to 200%.

 

As of March 31, 2021, unrecognized compensation expense related to the unvested portion of the Company’s RSUs and PSAs was $5.0 million, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 2.0 years.

 

 

 

7.

Commitments and Contingencies

 

Portland Harbor Superfund Site

 

In December 2000, a section of the lower Willamette River known as the Portland Harbor Superfund Site was included on the National Priorities List at the request of the United States Environmental Protection Agency (“EPA”). While the Company’s Portland, Oregon manufacturing facility does not border the Willamette River, an outfall from the facility’s stormwater system drains into a neighboring property’s privately owned stormwater system and slip. Also in December 2000, the Company was notified by the EPA and the Oregon Department of Environmental Quality (“ODEQ”) of potential liability under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (“CERCLA”). A remedial investigation and feasibility study of the Portland Harbor Superfund Site was directed by a group of 14 potentially responsible parties known as the Lower Willamette Group under agreement with the EPA. The EPA finalized the remedial investigation report in February 2016, and the feasibility study in June 2016, which identified multiple remedial alternatives. In January 2017, the EPA issued its Record of Decision selecting the remedy for cleanup at the Portland Harbor Superfund Site, which it believes will cost approximately $1 billion and 13 years to complete. The EPA has not yet determined who is responsible for the costs of cleanup or how the cleanup costs will be allocated among the more than 150 potentially responsible parties. Because of the large number of potentially responsible parties and the variability in the range of remediation alternatives, the Company is unable to estimate an amount or an amount within a range of costs for its obligation with respect to the Portland Harbor Superfund Site matters, and no further adjustment to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements has been recorded as of the date of this filing.

 

12

 

The ODEQ is separately providing oversight of voluntary investigations and source control activities by the Company involving the Company's site, which are focused on controlling any current “uplands” releases of contaminants into the Willamette River. No liabilities have been established in connection with these investigations because the extent of contamination and the Company's responsibility for the contamination have not yet been determined.

 

Concurrent with the activities of the EPA and the ODEQ, the Portland Harbor Natural Resources Trustee Council (“Trustees”) sent some or all of the same parties, including the Company, a notice of intent to perform a Natural Resource Damage Assessment (“NRDA”) for the Portland Harbor Superfund Site to determine the nature and extent of natural resource damages under CERCLA Section 107. The Trustees for the Portland Harbor Superfund Site consist of representatives from several Northwest Indian Tribes, three federal agencies, and one state agency. The Trustees act independently of the EPA and the ODEQ. The Trustees have encouraged potentially responsible parties to voluntarily participate in the funding of their injury assessments and several of those parties have agreed to do so. In June 2014, the Company agreed to participate in the injury assessment process, which included funding $0.4 million of the assessment. The Company has not assumed any additional payment obligations or liabilities with the participation with the NRDA. It is uncertain whether the Company will enter into an early settlement for natural resource damages or what costs it may incur in any such early settlement.

 

In January 2017, the Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Nation, a Trustee until they withdrew from the council in 2009, filed a complaint against the potentially responsible parties including the Company to recover costs related to their own injury assessment and compensation for natural resources damages. The Company does not have sufficient information to determine the likelihood of a loss in this matter or the amount of damages that could be allocated to the Company.

 

The Company has insurance policies for defense costs, as well as indemnification policies it believes will provide reimbursement for the remediation assessed. However, the Company can provide no assurance that those policies will cover all of the costs which the Company may incur.

 

All Sites

 

The Company operates its facilities under numerous governmental permits and licenses relating to air emissions, stormwater runoff, and other environmental matters. The Company’s operations are also governed by many other laws and regulations, including those relating to workplace safety and worker health, principally the Occupational Safety and Health Act and regulations there under which, among other requirements, establish noise and dust standards. The Company believes it is in material compliance with its permits and licenses and these laws and regulations, and the Company does not believe that future compliance with such laws and regulations will have a material adverse effect on its financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.

 

Other Contingencies and Legal Proceedings

 

From time to time, the Company is involved in litigation relating to claims arising out of its operations in the normal course of its business. The Company maintains insurance coverage against potential claims in amounts that are believed to be adequate. To the extent that insurance does not cover legal, defense, and indemnification costs associated with a loss contingency, the Company records accruals when such losses are considered probable and reasonably estimable. The Company believes that it is not presently a party to litigation, the outcome of which would have a material adverse effect on its business, financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows.

 

Guarantees

 

The Company has entered into certain letters of credit that total $1.6 million as of March 31, 2021. The letters of credit relate to workers’ compensation insurance.

 

13

 
 

8.

Revenue

 

The Company manufactures water infrastructure steel pipe products, which are generally made to custom specifications for installation contractors serving projects funded by public water agencies, as well as precast and reinforced concrete products. Generally, each of the Company’s contracts with its customers contains a single performance obligation, as the promise to transfer products is not separately identifiable from other promises in the contract and, therefore, is not distinct.

 

Revenue for water infrastructure steel pipe products is recognized over time as the manufacturing process progresses because of the Company’s right to payment for work performed to date plus a reasonable profit on cancellations for unique products that have no alternative use to the Company. Revenue is measured by the costs incurred to date relative to the estimated total direct costs to fulfill each contract (cost-to-cost method). Contract costs include all material, labor, and other direct costs incurred in satisfying the performance obligations. The cost of steel material is recognized as a contract cost when the steel is introduced into the manufacturing process. Changes in job performance, job conditions, and estimated profitability, including those arising from contract change orders, contract penalty provisions, foreign currency exchange rate movements, changes in raw materials costs, and final contract settlements may result in revisions to estimates of revenue, costs, and income, and are recognized in the period in which the revisions are determined. Provisions for losses on uncompleted contracts, included in Accrued liabilities, are estimated by comparing total estimated contract revenue to the total estimated contract costs and a loss is recognized during the period in which it becomes probable and can be reasonably estimated.

 

Revisions in contract estimates resulted in an increase (decrease) in revenue of $1.3 million and $(0.4) million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

 

Revenue for water infrastructure concrete pipe and precast concrete products is recognized at the time control is transferred to customers, in an amount that reflects the consideration the Company expects to be entitled to in exchange for the products. All variable consideration that may affect the total transaction price, including contractual discounts, returns, and credits, is included in net sales. Estimates for variable consideration are based on historical experience, anticipated performance, and management's judgment. The Company's contracts do not contain significant financing.

 

The Company does not recognize revenue on a contract until the contract has approval and commitment from both parties, the contract rights and payment terms can be identified, the contract has commercial substance, and its collectability is probable.

 

Disaggregation of Revenue

 

The following table disaggregates revenue by recognition over time or at a point in time, as the Company believes it best depicts how the nature, amount, timing, and uncertainty of its revenue and cash flows are affected by economic factors (in thousands):

 

  

Three Months Ended March 31,

 
  

2021

  

2020

 
         

Over time

 $60,057  $60,878 

Point in time

  12,254   8,045 

Net sales

 $72,311  $68,923 

 

Contract Assets and Liabilities

 

Contract assets primarily represent revenue earned over time but not yet billable based on the terms of the contracts. These amounts will be billed based on the terms of the contracts, which can include certain milestones, partial shipments, or completion of the contracts. Payment terms of amounts billed vary based on the customer, but are typically due within 30 days of invoicing.

 

Contract liabilities represent advance billings on contracts, typically for steel. The Company recognized revenue that was included in the contract liabilities balance at the beginning of each period of $4.7 million and $6.2 million during the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

 

Backlog

 

Backlog represents the balance of remaining performance obligations under signed contracts for water infrastructure steel pipe products for which revenue is recognized over time. As of March 31, 2021, backlog was approximately $178 million. The Company expects to recognize approximately 65% of the remaining performance obligations in 2021, 32% in 2022, and the balance thereafter.

 

14

 

 

9.

Income Taxes

 

The Company files income tax returns in the United States Federal jurisdiction, in a limited number of foreign jurisdictions, and in many state jurisdictions. With few exceptions, the Company is no longer subject to United States Federal, state, or foreign income tax examinations for years before 2016.

 

The Company recorded income tax expense at an estimated effective income tax rate of 21.7% and 45.6% for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The Company’s estimated effective income tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2021 was impacted by the tax windfalls recognized upon the vesting of equity awards. The Company’s estimated effective income tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2020 was impacted primarily by costs associated with the acquisition of Geneva that are expected to be non-deductible for tax purposes.

 

 

 

10.

Net Income per Share

 

Basic net income per share is computed by dividing net income by the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. Diluted net income per share is computed by giving effect to all potential shares of common stock, including stock options, RSUs, and PSAs, to the extent dilutive. Performance-based PSAs are considered dilutive when the related performance conditions have been met assuming the end of the reporting period represents the end of the performance period. In periods with a net loss, all potential shares of common stock are excluded from the computation of diluted net loss per share as the impact would be antidilutive.

 

Net income per basic and diluted weighted-average common share outstanding was calculated as follows (in thousands, except per share amounts):

 

  

Three Months Ended March 31,

 
  

2021

  

2020

 
         

Net income

 $2,175  $564 
         

Basic weighted-average common shares outstanding

  9,814   9,751 

Effect of potentially dilutive common shares (1)

  107   78 

Diluted weighted-average common shares outstanding

  9,921   9,829 
         

Net income per common share:

        

Basic

 $0.22  $0.06 

Diluted

 $0.22  $0.06 

 

 

(1)

The weighted-average number of antidilutive shares not included in the computation of diluted net income per share was approximately 7,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2021. There were 0 antidilutive shares for the three months ended March 31, 2020.

 

15

 

 

11.

Recent Accounting and Reporting Developments

 

There have been no developments to recently issued accounting standards, including the expected dates of adoption and estimated effects on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and disclosures in Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, from those disclosed in the Company’s 2020 Form 10‑K, except for the following:

 

Accounting Changes

 

In August 2018, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 201814, “Compensation—Retirement Benefits—Defined Benefit Plans—General (Topic 71520): Disclosure Framework—Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Defined Benefit Plans” (“ASU 201814”), which modifies the disclosure requirements for employers that sponsor defined benefit pension or other postretirement plans by removing and adding certain disclosures for these plans. The eliminated disclosures include the amounts in accumulated other comprehensive income expected to be recognized in net periodic benefit costs over the next fiscal year and the amount and timing of plan assets expected to be returned to the employer. The new disclosures include an explanation of significant gains and losses related to changes in benefit obligations. The Company adopted ASU 201814 on a retrospective basis on January 1, 2021 and the impact was not material to the Company’s financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.

 

In December 2019, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 201912, “Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes” (“ASU 201912”), which simplifies the accounting for income taxes by removing certain exceptions to the general principles in ASC Topic 740, “Income Taxes” (“Topic 740”). ASU 201912 also improves consistent application of and simplifies U.S. GAAP for other areas of Topic 740 by clarifying and amending existing guidance. The Company adopted ASU 201912 on January 1, 2021 and the impact was not material to the Company’s financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.

 

 

 

Item 2. Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Forward-Looking Statements

 

This Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and other sections of this Quarterly Report on Form 10‑Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2021 (“2021 Q1 Form 10‑Q”) contain “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, that are based on current expectations, estimates, and projections about our business, management’s beliefs, and assumptions made by management. Words such as “expects,” “anticipates,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “seeks,” “estimates,” “forecasts,” “should,” “could,” and variations of such words and similar expressions are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. These statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve risks and uncertainties that are difficult to predict. Therefore, actual outcomes and results may differ materially from what is expressed or forecasted in such forward-looking statements as a result of a variety of important factors. While it is impossible to identify all such factors, those that could cause actual results to differ materially from those estimated by us include:

 

 

changes in demand and market prices for our products;

 

 

product mix;

 

 

bidding activity and order cancelations;

 

 

timing of customer orders and deliveries;

 

 

production schedules;

 

 

price and availability of raw materials;

 

 

excess or shortage of production capacity;

 

 

 

international trade policy and regulations;

 

 

changes in tariffs and duties imposed on imports and exports and related impacts on us;

 

 

our ability to identify and complete internal initiatives and/or acquisitions in order to grow our business;

 

 

our ability to effectively integrate Geneva Pipe and Precast Company (“Geneva”) and other acquisitions into our business and operations and achieve significant administrative and operational cost synergies and accretion to financial results;

 

 

impacts of recent U.S. tax reform legislation on our results of operations;

 

 

adequacy of our insurance coverage;

 

 

operating problems at our manufacturing operations including fires, explosions, inclement weather, and natural disasters;

 

 

impacts of pandemics, epidemics, or other public health emergencies, such as coronavirus disease 2019 (“COVID‑19”); and

 

 

other risks discussed in our Annual Report on Form 10‑K for the year ended December 31, 2020 (“2020 Form 10‑K”) and from time to time in our other Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) filings and reports.

 

Such forward-looking statements speak only as of the date on which they are made, and we do not undertake any obligation to update any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this 2021 Q1 Form 10Q. If we do update or correct one or more forward-looking statements, investors and others should not conclude that we will make additional updates or corrections with respect thereto or with respect to other forward-looking statements.

 

Overview

 

Northwest Pipe Company is a leading manufacturer for water related infrastructure products. In addition to being the largest manufacturer of engineered steel water pipeline systems in North America, we produce high-quality precast and reinforced concrete products, Permalok® steel casing pipe, bar-wrapped concrete cylinder pipe, as well as linings, coatings, joints, and one of the largest offerings of fittings and specialized components. Our ten manufacturing facilities are strategically positioned to meet growing water and wastewater infrastructure needs. We provide solution-based products for a wide range of markets including water transmission and infrastructure, water and wastewater plant piping, structural stormwater and sewer systems, trenchless technology, and pipeline rehabilitation. Our prominent position is based on a widely-recognized reputation for quality, service, and manufacturing to meet performance expectations in all categories including highly-corrosive environments. We have manufacturing facilities located in Portland, Oregon; Adelanto, California; Saginaw, Texas; Tracy, California; Parkersburg, West Virginia; Salt Lake City, Utah; Orem, Utah; St. George, Utah; St. Louis, Missouri; and San Luis Río Colorado, Mexico.

 

On January 31, 2020, we completed the acquisition of 100% of Geneva Pipe and Precast Company (fka Geneva Pipe Company, Inc.) for a purchase price of $49.4 million. Geneva is a concrete pipe and precast concrete products manufacturer based in Utah. This acquisition expanded our water infrastructure product capabilities by adding additional reinforced concrete pipe capacity and a full line of precast concrete products including storm drains and manholes, catch basins, vaults, and curb inlets as well as innovative lined products that extend the life of concrete pipe and manholes for sewer applications. Operations have continued with Geneva's previous management and workforce at its three manufacturing facilities.

 

Our water infrastructure products are sold generally to installation contractors, who include our products in their bids to federal, state, and municipal agencies, privately-owned water companies, or developers for specific projects. We believe our sales are substantially driven by spending on urban growth and new water infrastructure with a recent trend towards spending on water infrastructure replacement, repair, and upgrade. Within the total range of products, our steel pipe tends to fit larger-diameter, higher-pressure pipeline applications, while our precast concrete products mainly serve stormwater and sanitary sewer systems.

 

 

Our Current Economic Environment

 

We operate our business with a long-term time horizon. Projects are often planned for many years in advance, and are sometimes part of 50year build-out plans. Long-term demand for water infrastructure projects in the United States appears strong. However, in the near term, we expect that strained governmental and water agency budgets and financing along with increased manufacturing capacity from competition could impact the business.

 

Fluctuating steel costs will also be a factor, as the ability to adjust our selling prices as steel costs fluctuate depends on market conditions. Purchased steel represents a substantial portion of our cost of sales of steel pipe products, and changes in our selling prices often correlate directly to changes in steel costs. Recently, steel markets have become extremely volatile, and the cost of steel introduced into the manufacturing process increased 11% in the first quarter of 2021 compared to the first quarter of 2020. Due to production and delivery lead times for steel, these costs in the first quarter of 2021 were not indicative of current market prices, and we expect continued challenges procuring steel, including extended lead times to receive the raw material in addition to higher costs.

 

Impact of the COVID19 Pandemic on Our Business

 

In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared COVID‑19 a pandemic. While the COVID‑19 pandemic has not had a direct material adverse effect on our reported results for the first three months of 2021, we are unable to predict the ultimate impact that the COVID‑19 pandemic may have on our business, future results of operations, financial position, or cash flows. The extent to which our operations may be impacted by the COVID‑19 pandemic will depend largely on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be accurately predicted, including new information which may emerge concerning the severity of the pandemic and actions by government authorities to contain the pandemic or treat its impact. Furthermore, the impacts on global and domestic economic conditions, including the long-term potential to reduce or delay funding of municipal projects, and the continued disruptions to and volatility in the financial markets remain unknown. We continue to monitor the impact of the COVID‑19 pandemic on all aspects of our business. We have also taken proactive and precautionary steps to ensure the safety of our employees, customers, and suppliers, including frequent cleaning and disinfection of workspaces, providing personal protective equipment, instituting social distancing measures, and offering remote working environments for certain employees.

 

Results of Operations

 

The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, certain financial information regarding costs and expenses expressed in dollars (in thousands) and as a percentage of total Net sales.

 

  

Three Months Ended March 31, 2021

  

Three Months Ended March 31, 2020

 
   $  

% of Net Sales

    $  

% of Net Sales

 
                 

Net sales

 $72,311   100.0

%

 $68,923   100.0

%

Cost of sales

  63,536   87.9   59,344   86.1 

Gross profit

  8,775   12.1   9,579   13.9 

Selling, general, and administrative expense

  5,830   8.0   7,945   11.5 

Operating income

  2,945   4.1   1,634   2.4 

Other income (expense)

  59   0.1   (401

)

  (0.6

)

Interest income

  -   -   22   - 

Interest expense

  (227

)

  (0.4

)

  (219

)

  (0.3

)

Income before income taxes

  2,777   3.8   1,036   1.5 

Income tax expense

  602

 

  0.8

 

  472   0.7 

Net income

 $2,175   3.0

%

 $564   0.8

%

 

We have one operating segment, Water Infrastructure, which produces high-quality engineered steel water pipe, precast and reinforced concrete products, Permalok® steel casing pipe, bar-wrapped concrete cylinder pipe, as well as linings, coatings, joints, fittings, and specialized components. These products are primarily used in water infrastructure including water transmission, water and wastewater plant piping, structural stormwater and sewer systems, trenchless technology, and pipeline rehabilitation. See Note 2 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements in Part I – Item 1. “Financial Statements” of this 2021 Q1 Form 10‑Q for information on our acquisition of Geneva in January 2020.

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 Compared to Three Months Ended March 31, 2020

 

Net sales. Net sales increased 4.9% to $72.3 million for the first quarter of 2021 compared to $68.9 million for the first quarter of 2020. The increase in net sales was primarily due to the Geneva operations acquired in January 2020, which contributed $12.3 million and $8.0 million in net sales during the first quarter of 2021 and 2020, respectively. The 1% decrease in net sales at our legacy steel pipe facilities was due to a 2% decrease in selling price per ton due to a change in product mix, partially offset by a 1% increase in tons produced resulting from changes in project timing. Bidding activity, backlog, and production levels may vary significantly from period to period affecting sales volumes.

 

Gross profit. Gross profit decreased 8.4% to $8.8 million (12.1% of Net sales) for the first quarter of 2021 compared to $9.6 million (13.9% of Net sales) for the first quarter of 2020 primarily due to product mix at our legacy steel pipe facilities. Gross profit in the first quarter of 2020 included $0.4 million of incremental production costs resulting from the fire at our Saginaw facility in April 2019 as well as $0.3 million in acquisition-related inventory charges.

 

Selling, general, and administrative expense. Selling, general, and administrative expense decreased 26.6% to $5.8 million (8.0% of Net sales) for the first quarter of 2021 compared to $7.9 million (11.5% of Net sales) for the first quarter of 2020. The decrease in selling, general, and administrative expense was due to $2.5 million in lower acquisition-related transaction costs incurred in the first quarter of 2020 with the addition of Geneva, and was offset by $0.3 million in higher compensation-related expense in the first quarter of 2021.

 

Income taxes. Income tax expense was $0.6 million in the first quarter of 2021 (an effective income tax rate of 21.7%) compared to $0.5 million in the first quarter of 2020 (an effective income tax rate of 45.6%). Our estimated effective income tax rate for the first quarter of 2021 was impacted by the tax windfalls recognized upon the vesting of equity awards. Our estimated effective income tax rate for the first quarter of 2020 was impacted primarily by costs associated with the acquisition of Geneva that are expected to be non-deductible for tax purposes. Our estimated effective income tax rate can change significantly depending on the relationship of permanent income tax deductions and tax credits to estimated pre-tax income or loss and the changes in valuation allowances. Accordingly, the comparison of estimated effective income tax rates between periods is not meaningful in all situations.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Sources and Uses of Cash

 

Our principal sources of liquidity generally include operating cash flows and the Credit Agreement with Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. (“Wells Fargo”) dated October 25, 2018, as amended on January 31, 2020 by the Consent and Amendment No. 1 to Credit Agreement with Wells Fargo (the “Amended Credit Agreement”). From time to time our long-term capital needs may be met through the issuance of long-term debt or additional equity. Our principal uses of liquidity generally include capital expenditures, working capital, and debt service. Information regarding our cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 are presented in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows contained in Part I – Item 1. “Financial Statements” of this 2021 Q1 Form 10‑Q, and are further discussed below.

 

As we cannot predict the duration or scope of the COVID‑19 pandemic and its impact on our customers and suppliers, the potential negative financial impact to our results cannot be reasonably estimated, but could be material. We are actively managing the business to maintain cash flow and believe we have liquidity to meet our anticipated funding requirements and other near-term obligations.

 

As of March 31, 2021, our working capital (current assets minus current liabilities) was $148.9 million compared to $146.1 million as of December 31, 2020. Cash and cash equivalents totaled $29.9 million and $37.9 million as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.

 

Fluctuations in our working capital accounts result from timing differences between production, shipment, invoicing, and collection, as well as changes in levels of production and costs of materials. We typically have a relatively large investment in working capital, as we generally pay for materials, labor, and other production costs in the initial stages of a project, while payments from our customers are generally received after finished product is delivered. A portion of our revenues are recognized over time as the manufacturing process progresses; therefore, cash receipts typically occur subsequent to when revenue is recognized and the elapsed time between when revenue is recorded and when cash is received can be significant. As such, our payment cycle is a significantly shorter interval than our collection cycle, although the effect of this difference in the cycles may vary by project, and from period to period.

 

As of March 31, 2021, we had $8.4 million of outstanding long-term debt, no outstanding revolving loan borrowings, $33.6 million of operating lease liabilities and $1.6 million of finance lease liabilities.

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities in the first three months of 2021 was $(0.6) million compared to $15.0 million in the first three months of 2020. Net income, adjusted for non-cash items, generated $6.1 million of operating cash flow in the first three months of 2021 compared to $4.9 million in the first three months of 2020. The net change in working capital resulted in an increase (decrease) to net cash provided by operations of $(6.7) million in the first three months of 2021 compared to $10.1 million in the first three months of 2020.

 

Net cash used in investing activities in the first three months of 2021 was $1.8 million compared to $51.7 million in the first three months of 2020. Capital expenditures were $1.9 million in the first three months of 2021 compared to $2.9 million in the first three months of 2020, which was primarily standard capital replacement. We currently expect capital expenditures in 2021 to be approximately $12 million to $15 million primarily for standard capital replacement. Net cash used in investing activities in the first three months of 2020 includes the acquisition of Geneva of $48.7 million, net of cash acquired.

 

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities in the first three months of 2021 was $(5.7) million compared to $15.3 million in the first three months of 2020. Net borrowings (repayments) on long-term debt were $(5.4) million in the first three months of 2021, which included a $4.6 million prepayment from Excess Cash Flow generated in 2020, compared to $15.9 million in the first three months of 2020 primarily related to financing a portion of the acquisition of Geneva.

 

We anticipate that our existing cash and cash equivalents, cash flows expected to be generated by operations, and amounts available under the Amended Credit Agreement will be adequate to fund our working capital, debt service, and capital expenditure requirements for at least the next twelve months. To the extent necessary, we may also satisfy capital requirements through additional bank borrowings, senior notes, term notes, subordinated debt, and finance and operating leases, if such resources are available on satisfactory terms. We have from time to time evaluated and continue to evaluate opportunities for acquisitions and expansion. Any such transactions, if consummated, may necessitate additional bank borrowings or other sources of funding.

 

On November 3, 2020, our registration statement on Form S‑3 (Registration No. 333‑249637) covering the potential future sale of up to $150 million of our equity and/or debt securities or combinations thereof, was declared effective by the SEC. This registration statement, which replaced the registration statement on Form S‑3 that expired on September 15, 2020, provides another potential source of capital, in addition to other alternatives already in place. We cannot be certain that funding will be available on favorable terms or available at all. To the extent that we raise additional funds by issuing equity securities, our shareholders may experience significant dilution. As of the date of this 2021 Q1 Form 10‑Q, we have not yet sold any securities under this registration statement, nor do we have an obligation to do so. Please refer to the factors discussed in Part I – Item 1A. “Risk Factors” in our 2020 Form 10‑K.

 

Line of Credit (Revolving Loan) and Long-Term Debt

 

The Amended Credit Agreement expires on October 25, 2024 and provides for a term loan, as well as letters of credit and revolving loans in the aggregate amount of up to $74 million, subject to a borrowing base (“Revolver Commitment”). As of March 31, 2021, under the Amended Credit Agreement, we had $8.4 million of outstanding long-term debt as a term loan, $1.6 million of outstanding letters of credit, and no revolving loan borrowings. As of March 31, 2021, we had additional revolving loan borrowing capacity of approximately $52 million. Based on our business plan and forecasts of operations, we expect to have sufficient credit availability to support our operations for at least the next twelve months.

 

Pursuant to the Amended Credit Agreement, on March 31, 2020, we entered into a term loan for $15.9 million with Wells Fargo that matures on October 25, 2024 and bears interest at the daily three month London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) plus 2.0% to 2.5%. The Amended Credit Agreement also provides a mechanism for determining an alternative benchmark rate to the LIBOR, which may include the Secured Overnight Financing Rate. The term loan requires monthly principal payments of $0.3 million plus accrued interest. We are obligated to prepay the term loan to the extent that the outstanding principal balance at any time exceeds 60% of the fair market value of specified real property securing the loan. We are also obligated to prepay the term loan in an amount equal to 20% of Excess Cash Flow (as defined in the Amended Credit Agreement). The potential amount of prepayment from Excess Cash Flow that may be required in 2022, if any, cannot be determined until the results for the year ended December 31, 2021 are final. Subject to certain limitations, we may also voluntarily prepay the balance upon ten business days’ written notice.

 

Revolving loan borrowings under the Amended Credit Agreement bear interest at rates related to the daily three month LIBOR plus 1.5% to 2.0%. The Amended Credit Agreement requires the payment of an unused line fee of between 0.25% and 0.375%, based on the amount by which the Revolver Commitment exceeds the average daily balance of outstanding borrowings (as defined in the Amended Credit Agreement) during any month. Such fee is payable monthly in arrears.

 

The letters of credit outstanding as of March 31, 2021 relate to workers’ compensation insurance. Based on the nature of these arrangements and our historical experience, we do not expect to make any material payments under these arrangements.

 

 

The Amended Credit Agreement contains customary representations and warranties, as well as customary affirmative and negative covenants, events of default, and indemnification provisions in favor of the lender. The negative covenants include restrictions regarding the incurrence of liens and indebtedness and certain acquisitions and dispositions of assets and other matters, all subject to certain exceptions. The Amended Credit Agreement also requires us to regularly provide financial information to Wells Fargo. Under the terms of the Amended Credit Agreement, mandatory prepayments may be required to the extent the revolving loans exceed the borrowing base or the Maximum Revolver Amount (as defined in the Amended Credit Agreement), or in the event we or our named affiliates receive cash proceeds from the sale or disposition of assets (including proceeds of insurance or arising from casualty losses), subject to certain limitations and exceptions, including sales of assets in the ordinary course of business.

 

The Amended Credit Agreement imposes financial covenants requiring us to maintain a Senior Leverage Ratio (as defined in the Amended Credit Agreement) not greater than 3.00 and a Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio (as defined in the Amended Credit Agreement) of at least 1.10 to 1.00. We were in compliance with all financial covenants as of March 31, 2021. Based on our business plan and forecasts of operations, we believe we will remain in compliance with our financial covenants for the next twelve months.

 

Our obligations under the Amended Credit Agreement are secured by a security interest in certain real property owned by us and our subsidiaries and substantially all of our and our subsidiaries’ other assets.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

For a description of recent accounting pronouncements affecting our company, including the dates of adoption and estimated effects on financial position, results of operations, and cash flows, see Note 11 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements in Part I – Item 1. “Financial Statements” of this 2021 Q1 Form 10‑Q.

 

Critical Accounting Estimates

 

The discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based upon our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part I – Item 1. “Financial Statements” of this 2021 Q1 Form 10‑Q, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. The preparation of our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues, and expenses, and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. On an ongoing basis, we evaluate all of our estimates, including those related to revenue recognition, business combinations, goodwill, inventories, property and equipment, including depreciation and valuation, share-based compensation, income taxes, allowance for doubtful accounts, and litigation and other contingencies. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

 

There have been no significant changes in our critical accounting estimates during the three months ended March 31, 2021 as compared to the critical accounting estimates disclosed in our 2020 Form 10‑K.

 

 

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

For a discussion of our market risk associated with foreign currencies and interest rates, see Part II – Item 7A. “Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk” of our 2020 Form 10‑K.

 

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a15(e) and 15d15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”)) are designed to provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed in reports we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the rules and forms of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”) and Chief Financial Officer (“CFO”), as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosures.

 

In connection with the preparation of this Quarterly Report on Form 10Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2021, our management, under the supervision and with the participation of our CEO and CFO, evaluated the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures as of March 31, 2021. As a result of the assessment, our CEO and CFO have concluded that, as of March 31, 2021, our disclosure controls and procedures were effective.

 

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

There were no significant changes in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the quarter ended March 31, 2021 that materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

 

Part II – OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

 

We are party to a variety of legal actions arising out of the ordinary course of business. Plaintiffs occasionally seek punitive or exemplary damages. We do not believe that such normal and routine litigation will have a material impact on our consolidated financial results. We are also involved in other kinds of legal actions, some of which assert or may assert claims or seek to impose fines, penalties, and other costs in substantial amounts. See Note 7 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements in Part I – Item 1. “Financial Statements” of this 2021 Q1 Form 10Q.

 

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

 

In addition to the other information set forth in this 2021 Q1 Form 10‑Q, the factors discussed in Part I – Item 1A. “Risk Factors” in our 2020 Form 10‑K could materially affect our business, financial condition, or operating results. The risks described in our 2020 Form 10‑K are not the only risks facing us. There are additional risks and uncertainties not currently known to us or that we currently deem to be immaterial, that may also materially adversely affect our business, financial condition, or operating results.

 

 

Item 6. Exhibits

 

(a) The exhibits filed as part of this 2021 Q1 Form 10‑Q are listed below:

 

Exhibit

Number

 

Description

   

10.1

 

Form of Performance Share Unit Agreement, incorporated by reference to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8‑K, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 19, 2021*

   

10.2

 

Form of Restricted Stock Unit Agreement, incorporated by reference to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8‑K, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 19, 2021*

   

31.1

 

Certification Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

   

31.2

 

Certification Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

   

32.1

 

Certification Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

   

32.2

 

Certification Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

   

101.SCH

 

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document

   

101.CAL

 

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Document

   

101.DEF

 

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Definition Linkbase Document

   

101.LAB

 

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document

   

101.PRE

 

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

   

104

 

Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101)

 

*         This exhibit constitutes a management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement.

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

Dated: May 4, 2021

 

 

 

NORTHWEST PIPE COMPANY

  
 

By: 

/s/ Scott Montross

   
  

Scott Montross

  

Director, President, and Chief Executive Officer

  

(principal executive officer)

   
 

By: 

/s/ Aaron Wilkins

   
  

Aaron Wilkins

  

Senior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer, and Corporate Secretary

  

(principal financial and accounting officer)

 

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