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OTEX Open Text

Filed: 24 Nov 21, 4:16pm

Exhibit 4.3

INDENTURE

among

OPEN TEXT HOLDINGS, INC., as Issuer

OPEN TEXT CORPORATION, as Guarantor

EACH OF THE SUBSIDIARY GUARANTORS PARTY HERETO,

and

THE BANK OF NEW YORK MELLON, as U.S. Trustee,

and

BNY TRUST COMPANY OF CANADA, as Canadian Trustee

dated as of November 24, 2021

 


Table of Contents

 

     Page 
ARTICLE 1

 

DEFINITIONS AND INCORPORATION BY REFERENCE

 

Section 1.1

 

Definitions

   1 

Section 1.2

 

Other Definitions

   12 

Section 1.3

 

Rules of Construction

   13 

Section 1.4

 

Acts of Holders

   14 
ARTICLE 2

 

THE NOTES

 

Section 2.1

 

Form and Dating

   16 

Section 2.2

 

Execution and Authentication

   17 

Section 2.3

 

Registrar and Paying Agent

   18 

Section 2.4

 

Paying Agent To Hold Money in Trust

   19 

Section 2.5

 

Holder Lists

   19 

Section 2.6

 

Transfer and Exchange

   19 

Section 2.7

 

Definitive Registered Notes

   26 

Section 2.8

 

Replacement Notes

   27 

Section 2.9

 

Outstanding Notes

   27 

Section 2.10

 

Temporary Notes

   27 

Section 2.11

 

Defaulted Interest

   28 

Section 2.12

 

Cancellation

   28 

Section 2.13

 

Additional Amounts

   28 

Section 2.14

 

CUSIP Numbers

   32 

Section 2.15

 

Issuance of Additional Notes

   32 

Section 2.16

 

Computation of Interest

   32 
ARTICLE 3

 

REDEMPTION

 

Section 3.1

 

Notices to the Trustees

   33 

Section 3.2

 

Selection of Notes To Be Redeemed

   33 

Section 3.3

 

Effect of Notice of Redemption

   33 

Section 3.4

 

Notice of Redemption

   34 

Section 3.5

 

Tax Redemption

   35 

Section 3.6

 

Deposit of Redemption Price

   36 

Section 3.7

 

Notes Redeemed in Part

   36 

 

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ARTICLE 4

 

COVENANTS

 

Section 4.1

 

Payment of Notes

   36 

Section 4.2

 

Reports

   36 

Section 4.3

 

Compliance Certificate

   38 

Section 4.4

 

[Reserved]

   38 

Section 4.5

 

Limitation on Liens

   38 

Section 4.6

 

Limitation on Sale/Leaseback Transactions

   43 

Section 4.7

 

Limitation on Non-Guarantor Subsidiary Debt

   45 

Section 4.8

 

[Reserved]

   47 

Section 4.9

 

Change of Control Triggering Event

   47 
ARTICLE 5

 

SUCCESSORS

 

Section 5.1

 

Consolidation, Merger and Sale of Assets

   49 
ARTICLE 6

 

DEFAULTS AND REMEDIES

 

Section 6.1

 

Events of Default

   51 

Section 6.2

 

Acceleration

   54 

Section 6.3

 

Other Remedies

   54 

Section 6.4

 

Waiver of Past Defaults

   54 

Section 6.5

 

Control by Majority

   54 

Section 6.6

 

Limitation on Suits

   55 

Section 6.7

 

Rights of Holders to Receive Payment

   55 

Section 6.8

 

Collection Suit by U.S. Trustee

   55 

Section 6.9

 

Trustees May File Proofs of Claim

   56 

Section 6.10

 

Priorities

   56 

Section 6.11

 

Undertaking for Costs

   56 

Section 6.12

 

Waiver of Stay or Extension Laws

   57 
ARTICLE 7

 

TRUSTEES

 

Section 7.1

 

Duties of U.S. Trustee.

   57 

Section 7.2

 

Rights of U.S. Trustee

   58 

Section 7.3

 

Individual Rights of the U.S. Trustee

   61 

Section 7.4

 

U.S. Trustee’s Disclaimer

   61 

Section 7.5

 

Notice of Defaults

   61 

Section 7.6

 

[Reserved]

   61 

 

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Section 7.7

 

Compensation and Indemnity

   61 

Section 7.8

 

Replacement of Trustees

   62 

Section 7.9

 

Successor Trustee by Merger

   63 

Section 7.10

 

Eligibility; Disqualification

   64 

Section 7.11

 

No Liability for Co-Trustee

   64 

Section 7.12

 

Limitation on Trustees’ Liability

   64 
ARTICLE 8

 

DISCHARGE OF INDENTURE; DEFEASANCE

 

Section 8.1

 

Discharge of Liability On Notes; Defeasance

   64 

Section 8.2

 

Conditions to Defeasance

   66 

Section 8.3

 

Application of Trust Money

   67 

Section 8.4

 

Repayment to Issuer

   68 

Section 8.5

 

Reinstatement

   68 
ARTICLE 9

 

AMENDMENTS

 

Section 9.1

 

Without Consent of Holders

   68 

Section 9.2

 

With Consent of Holders; Waiver

   70 

Section 9.3

 

Revocation and Effect of Consents and Waivers

   71 

Section 9.4

 

Notation on or Exchange of Notes

   72 

Section 9.5

 

Trustees To Sign Amendments, etc.

   72 
ARTICLE 10

 

GUARANTEES

 

Section 10.1

 

Guarantees

   72 

Section 10.2

 

Limitation on Liability

   75 

Section 10.3

 

Successors and Assigns

   75 

Section 10.4

 

No Waiver

   75 

Section 10.5

 

Modification

   75 

Section 10.6

 

Release of Guarantor

   75 

Section 10.7

 

Execution of Guarantee Agreement for Future Subsidiary Guarantors

   76 

Section 10.8

 

Non-Impairment

   76 

Section 10.9

 

Contribution

   76 
ARTICLE 11

 

MISCELLANEOUS

 

Section 11.1

 

[Reserved]

   77 

Section 11.2

 

Notices

   77 

Section 11.3

 

Trustee Instructions

   78 

 

3


Section 11.4

 

Certificate and Opinion as to Conditions Precedent

   79 

Section 11.5

 

Statements Required in Certificate or Opinion

   79 

Section 11.6

 

When Notes Disregarded

   80 

Section 11.7

 

Rules by U.S. Trustee, Paying Agent and Registrar

   80 

Section 11.8

 

Business Days

   80 

Section 11.9

 

Governing Law

   80 

Section 11.10

 

No Recourse Against Others

   80 

Section 11.11

 

Successors

   81 

Section 11.12

 

Multiple Originals

   81 

Section 11.13

 

Table of Contents; Headings

   81 

Section 11.14

 

WAIVER OF TRIAL BY JURY

   81 

Section 11.15

 

Force Majeure

   81 

Section 11.16

 

USA Patriot Act Compliance

   81 

Section 11.17

 

Submission to Jurisdiction

   82 

Section 11.18

 

Waiver of Immunity

   82 

Section 11.19

 

Conversion of Currency

   82 

Section 11.20

 

OFAC Sanctions.

   83 

Exhibit A — Form of Note

Exhibit B — Form of Supplemental Indenture

 

4


INDENTURE dated as of November 24, 2021, among OPEN TEXT HOLDINGS, INC., a corporation organized under the laws of Delaware (the “Issuer”), OPEN TEXT CORPORATION, a corporation organized under the laws of Canada (the “Company”), each SUBSIDIARY GUARANTOR from time to time party hereto (collectively, the “Subsidiary Guarantors”), THE BANK OF NEW YORK MELLON, as the U.S. trustee (the “U.S. Trustee”), and BNY TRUST COMPANY OF CANADA, as Canadian trustee (the “Canadian Trustee”).

Each party agrees as follows for the benefit of the other parties and for the equal and ratable benefit of the holders of (a) the Issuer’s 4.125% Senior Notes due 2031 (the “Original Notes”), and (b) any Additional Notes (as defined herein) that may be issued (all such Notes in clauses (a) and (b) being referred to collectively as the “Notes”).

ARTICLE 1

DEFINITIONS AND INCORPORATION BY REFERENCE

Section 1.1 Definitions.

“2018 Credit Agreement” means the credit agreement, dated as of May 30, 2018, among the Company, as borrower, the other guarantors party thereto, Barclays Bank PLC, as sole administrative agent and collateral agent, and the lenders named therein, as amended, restated, replaced (whether upon or after termination or otherwise), refinanced, supplemented, modified or otherwise changed (in whole or in part, and without limitation as to amount, terms, conditions, covenants and other provisions) from time to time.

“Additional Notes” means 4.125% Senior Notes due 2031 issued under the terms of this Indenture after the Issue Date and in compliance with Section 2.15.

“Adjusted Treasury Rate” means, with respect to any redemption date, (a) the yield, under the heading which represents the average for the immediately preceding week, appearing in the most recently published statistical release designated “H.15(519)” or any successor publication which is published weekly by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System and which establishes yields on actively traded United States Treasury securities adjusted to constant maturity under the caption “Treasury Constant Maturities,” for the maturity corresponding to the Comparable Treasury Issue (if no maturity is within three months before or after December 1, 2026, yields for the two published maturities most closely corresponding to the Comparable Treasury Issue shall be determined and the Adjusted Treasury Rate shall be interpolated or extrapolated from such yields on a straight line basis, rounding to the nearest month) or (b) if such release (or any successor release) is not published during the week preceding the calculation date or does not contain such yields, the rate per year equal to the semi-annual equivalent yield to maturity of the Comparable Treasury Issue (expressed as a percentage of its principal amount) equal to the Comparable Treasury Price for such redemption date, in each case calculated on the third Business Day immediately preceding the redemption date, plus 0.50%.

“Affiliate” of any specified Person means any other Person, directly or indirectly, controlling or controlled by or under direct or indirect common control with such specified

 

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Person. For the purposes of this definition, “control” when used with respect to any Person means the power to direct the management and policies of such Person, directly or indirectly, whether through the ownership of voting securities, by contract or otherwise; and the terms “controlling” and “controlled” have meanings correlative to the foregoing.

“Applicable Premium” means with respect to a Note at any redemption date the excess of (if any) (a) the present value at such redemption date of (i) the redemption price of such Note on December 1, 2026 (such redemption price being described in the second paragraph of Section 5 of the Notes, exclusive of any accrued interest) plus (ii) all required remaining scheduled interest payments due on such Note through December 1, 2026 (but excluding accrued and unpaid interest to the redemption date), computed by the Company using a discount rate equal to the Adjusted Treasury Rate, over (b) the principal amount of such Note on such redemption date.

“Applicable Procedures” means, with respect to any payment, tender, redemption, transfer or exchange of or for beneficial interests in any Global Note, the rules and procedures of the Depositary, Euroclear and Clearstream, in each case to the extent applicable to such transaction and as in effect from time to time.

“Attributable Debt” in respect of a Sale/Leaseback Transaction means, as at the time of determination, the present value (discounted at the interest rate borne by the Notes, compounded annually) of the total obligations of the lessee for rental payments during the remaining term of the lease included in such Sale/Leaseback Transaction (including any period for which such lease has been extended).

“Board of Directors” means, with respect to any Person, the Board of Directors of such Person or any committee thereof duly authorized to act on behalf of such Board of Directors or, in the case of a Person that is not a corporation, the group exercising the authority generally vested in a board of directors of a corporation.

“Business Day” means each day which is not a Saturday, a Sunday or a day on which banking institutions are not required to be open in the State of New York or Toronto, Ontario.

“Canadian Trustee” means BNY Trust Company of Canada until a successor replaces it and, thereafter, means the successor.

“Canadian Securities Laws” means all applicable securities laws in each of the provinces of Canada, including, without limitation, the Province of Ontario, and the respective regulations and rules under such laws together with applicable published rules, policy statements, blanket orders, instruments, rules and notices of the securities regulatory authorities in such provinces.

“Capital Stock” of any Person means any and all shares, interests (including partnership, membership, beneficial, limited liability or other ownership interests), rights to purchase, warrants, options, participations or other equivalents of or interests in (however designated) equity of such Person, including any Preferred Stock, but excluding any debt securities convertible into such equity.

“Change of Control” means the occurrence of any of the following:

 

2


(a) the Company becomes aware (by way of a report or any other filing pursuant to Section 13(d) of the Exchange Act, proxy, vote, written notice or otherwise) that any “person” or “group” (as such terms are used in Sections 13(d) and 14(d) of the Exchange Act), is or has become the “beneficial owner” (as defined in Rules 13d-3 and 13d-5 under the Exchange Act), directly or indirectly, of more than 50% of the total voting power of the Voting Stock of the Company (or its successor by merger, amalgamation, consolidation or purchase of all or substantially all of its assets); provided, that a transaction will not be deemed to involve a Change of Control under this clause (a) if (i) the Company becomes a direct or indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of a holding company, and (ii)(1) the direct or indirect holders of the Voting Stock of such holding company immediately following that transaction are substantially the same as the holders of the Company’s Voting Stock immediately prior to that transaction or (2) immediately following that transaction no “person” or “group” (other than a holding company satisfying the requirements of this clause) is the beneficial owner, directly or indirectly, of more than 50% of the Voting Stock of such holding company; or;

(b) the merger, amalgamation or consolidation of the Company with or into another Person or the merger, amalgamation or consolidation of another Person with or into the Company, or the sale, lease, transfer, conveyance or other disposition (other than by way of merger, amalgamation or consolidation, in one or a series of related transactions) of all or substantially all the assets of the Company (determined on a consolidated basis) to another Person other than a transaction, in the case of a merger, amalgamation or consolidation transaction, following which holders of securities that represented 100% of the Voting Stock of the Company immediately prior to such transaction (or other securities into which such securities are converted as part of such merger, amalgamation or consolidation transaction) own directly or indirectly at least 50% of the voting power of the Voting Stock of the surviving Person in such merger, amalgamation or consolidation transaction immediately after giving effect to such transaction.

“Change of Control Triggering Event” means, with respect to the Notes, (a) the consummation of a Change of Control, (b) the Notes are rated below an Investment Grade Rating by each of the Rating Agencies on any date during the period (the “Trigger Period”) commencing on the first public announcement of any Change of Control (or pending Change of Control) and ending 30 days following consummation of such Change of Control (which period will be extended following consummation of a Change of Control for so long as any of the Rating Agencies has publicly announced that it is considering a possible ratings downgrade) or the rating of the Notes is withdrawn within the Trigger Period by each of the Rating Agencies and (c) the rating of the Notes is lowered by any of the Rating Agencies during the Trigger Period; provided that a Change of Control Trigger Event will not be deemed to have occurred in respect of a particular Change of Control if each Rating Agency making the reduction in rating does not publicly announce or confirm or inform the Trustees at our request that the reduction was the result, in whole or in part, of any event or circumstance comprised of or arising as a result of, or in respect of, the Change of Control. For the avoidance of doubt, no Change of Control Triggering Event will be deemed to have occurred in connection with any particular Change of Control unless and until such Change of Control has actually been consummated.

“Clearstream” means Clearstream Banking, société anonyme, or any successor securities clearing agency.

 

3


“Code” means the U.S. Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended.

“Company” means the party named as such in the Preamble hereto until a successor replaces it and, thereafter, means the successor.

“Company Guarantee” means the guarantee by the Company of the Issuer’s obligations with respect to the Notes.

“Comparable Treasury Issue” means the United States Treasury security selected by the Quotation Agent as having a maturity comparable to the remaining term of the Notes from the redemption date to December 1, 2026, that would be utilized, at the time of selection and in accordance with customary financial practice, in pricing new issues of corporate debt securities of a maturity most nearly equal to December 1, 2026.

“Comparable Treasury Price” means, with respect to any redemption date, if clause (b) of the definition of Adjusted Treasury Rate is applicable, the average of three, or such lesser number as is obtained by the Company, Reference Treasury Dealer Quotations for such redemption date.

“Consolidated EBITDA” means, at any date of determination, an amount equal to the Consolidated Net Income of the Company and its Subsidiaries on a consolidated basis for the most recently completed Measurement Period plus (a) the following to the extent deducted (and not added back) in calculating such Consolidated Net Income (without duplication): (i) consolidated interest expense for such period, (ii) consolidated income tax expense for such period, (iii) consolidated depreciation and amortization expense for such period, (iv) costs and charges related to restructuring initiatives, workforce reductions, abandonment of excess facilities, integration costs related to mergers and acquisitions and other similar costs and charges, including items set forth under the caption “Special charges (recoveries)” on the consolidated statement of income in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2021, to the extent incurred during such period, and similar items incurred during future Measurement Periods, (v) items set forth under the caption “Interest and Other Related Expense, Net” on the consolidated statement of income in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2021, to the extent incurred during such period, and similar items incurred during future Measurement Periods, (vi) share or share-based compensation expense; (vii) Financing Costs incurred during such period, (viii) any asset impairment or write down charge incurred during such period and (ix) any non-recurring non-cash items decreasing Consolidated Net Income during such period (including, for the avoidance of doubt, deferred revenue deducted in acquisition accounting), provided that if any such non-recurring non-cash items represent an accrual or reserve for potential cash items in any future period, the cash payment in respect thereof in such future period shall be subtracted from Consolidated EBITDA in such future period to such extent; and decreased by (x) items set forth under the caption “Other Income (Expense), Net” in the consolidated statement of income in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2021, to the extent incurred during such period, and similar items incurred during future Measurement Periods, (xi) interest income (except to the extent deducted in determining consolidated interest expense) for such period and (xii) any non-recurring non-cash items increasing Consolidated Net Income for such period, all as determined at such time in accordance with GAAP.

 

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For purposes of calculating Consolidated EBITDA: (1) acquisitions, dispositions, mergers, amalgamations, consolidations and discontinued operations that involve consideration in excess of $30,000,000 (as determined in accordance with GAAP) that the Company or any Subsidiary has made during the Measurement Period or subsequent to the Measurement Period and on or prior to or simultaneously with the date the Secured Net Debt Ratio is calculated shall be given pro forma effect assuming that all such acquisitions, dispositions, mergers, amalgamations, consolidations or discontinued operations (and the change of any associated fixed charge obligations and the change in Consolidated EBITDA resulting therefrom) had occurred on the first day of the Measurement Period, and (2) whenever pro forma effect is to be given to any event set forth in clause (1) of this definition, calculations shall be made in good faith by a responsible financial or accounting officer of the Company and may include reasonably identifiable and factually supportable adjustments appropriate, in the good faith determination of the Company, to reflect expense reductions, cost savings and synergies reasonably expected to result from the applicable event within 12 months of the date the applicable event is consummated.

“Consolidated Net Income” means, for any Measurement Period, the net income (loss) of the Company and its Subsidiaries for such period determined on a consolidated basis in accordance with GAAP; provided that the following (without duplication) will be excluded in computing Consolidated Net Income: (a) the net income (but not loss) of any Subsidiary (other than a Subsidiary Guarantor) to the extent that the declaration or payment of dividends or similar distributions by such Subsidiary of such net income would not have been permitted for the relevant period by charter or by any agreement, instrument, judgment, decree, order, statute, rule or governmental regulation applicable to such Subsidiary; (b) any net after-tax gains or losses attributable to sales of assets or the extinguishment of debt; (c) any net after-tax extraordinary gains or losses; and (d) the cumulative effect of a change in accounting principles.

“Corporate Trust Office” means with respect to the U.S. Trustee, the office of the U.S. Trustee at which the corporate trust business of the U.S. Trustee is principally administered, which at the date of this Indenture is located at 240 Greenwich Street, 7th Floor East, New York, New York, 10286.

“Credit Facilities” means one or more debt facilities (including the Senior Credit Facilities), commercial paper facilities or similar agreements, in each case, with banks or other institutional lenders or investors providing for revolving loans, term loans, debt securities, receivables financing (including through the sale of receivables to lenders or to special purpose entities formed to borrow from lenders against such receivables), letters of credit or any related notes, guarantees, collateral documents, instruments and agreements executed in connection therewith, and, in each case, as amended, restated, replaced (whether upon or after termination or otherwise), refinanced, supplemented, modified or otherwise changed (in whole or in part, and without limitation as to amount, terms, conditions, covenants and other provisions) from time to time.

“Custodian” means The Bank of New York Mellon, as custodian with respect to the Global Notes, or any successor entity.

 

5


“Default” means any event which is, or after notice or passage of time or both would be, an Event of Default.

“Definitive Registered Note” means a certificated Note registered in the name of the Holder thereof and issued or exchanged in accordance with Section 2.7 (bearing the Restricted Notes Legend if the transfer of such Note is restricted by applicable law) that does not include the Global Notes Legend.

“Depositary” means The Depository Trust Company, its nominees and their respective successors.

“Euroclear” means the Euroclear Clearance System or any successor securities clearing agency.

“Exchange Act” means the U.S. Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.

“Exempted Debt” means, without duplication, (a) all Indebtedness of the Company and its Subsidiaries which is secured by a Lien incurred and outstanding under Section 4.5(b)(i)–(xxv) and (b) all Attributable Debt in respect of Sale/Leaseback Transactions Incurred and outstanding under Section 4.6(b).

“Financing Costs” means fees, costs and expenses incurred by the Company or any Subsidiary in connection with any offering or proposed offering of securities, any borrowing or proposed borrowing, any prepayment or repayment of indebtedness (including any tender or exchange offer) or any breakage costs relating to any Hedging Obligations.

“GAAP” means generally accepted accounting principles in the United States as in effect from time to time, including those set forth in the opinions and pronouncements of the Accounting Principles Board of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (or any successor thereto), the statements and pronouncements of the Financial Accounting Standards Board (or any successor thereto) or the statements and pronouncements of the SEC, in each case applicable to companies subject to reporting under Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act. Unless otherwise specified, all computations, contained in this Indenture will be computed in conformity with GAAP, except that the Company may elect to treat for any determination under this Indenture as an operating lease any arrangement, whether entered into on or after the Issue Date, that would have constituted an operating lease under GAAP in effect on May 31, 2016 notwithstanding any change in its treatment under GAAP after May 31, 2016. At any time after the Issue Date, the Company may elect to apply International Financial Reporting Standards as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board or any successor thereto applicable to companies subject to reporting under Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act (“IFRS”) in lieu of GAAP and, upon any such election, references herein to GAAP shall thereafter be construed to mean IFRS on the date of such election; provided that any calculation or determination in this Indenture that requires the application of GAAP for periods that include fiscal quarters ended prior to Company’s election to apply IFRS shall remain as previously calculated or determined in accordance with GAAP.

“Global Notes Legend” means the legends set forth under that caption in Exhibit A to this Indenture.

 

6


“Guarantee Agreement” means a supplemental indenture to this Indenture, substantially in the form of Exhibit B hereto, entered into following the Issue Date, pursuant to which a Subsidiary Guarantor guarantees the Issuer’s obligations with respect to the Notes on the terms provided for in this Indenture; provided that the Company and the Subsidiary Guarantors that are party to this Indenture shall not be required to enter into a Guarantee Agreement.

“Hedging Obligations” of any Person means (a) the obligations of such Person pursuant to any Interest Rate Agreement or any foreign exchange contract, currency swap agreement or other similar agreement with respect to currency values, whether or not such transaction is governed by, or subject to, any master agreement, and (b) any and all transactions of any kind, and the related confirmations, which are subject to the terms and conditions of, or governed by, any form of master agreement published by the International Swaps and Derivatives Association, Inc., any International Foreign Exchange Master Agreement, or any other master agreement (and such master agreement, together with any related schedules, a “Master Agreement”), including any such obligations or liabilities under any Master Agreement.

“Holder” means the Person in whose name a Note is registered on the Registrar’s books.

“IFRS” has the meaning specified in the definition of GAAP.

“Incur” means issue, assume, guarantee, incur or otherwise become liable for; provided, however, that any Indebtedness of a Person existing at the time such Person becomes a Subsidiary (whether by merger, amalgamation, consolidation, acquisition or otherwise) shall be deemed to be Incurred by such Person at the time it becomes a Subsidiary. The term “Incurrence” when used as a noun shall have a correlative meaning.

“Indebtedness” means, with respect to any Person on any date of determination obligations of such person for borrowed money or evidenced by bonds, debentures, notes or similar instruments.

“Indenture” means this Indenture as amended or supplemented from time to time.

“Intellectual Property” means domestic and foreign: (a) patents, applications for patents and reissues, divisions, continuations, renewals, extensions and continuations-in-part of patents or patent applications; (b) proprietary confidential business information, including inventions (whether patentable or not), invention disclosures, trade secrets, confidential information, and any other proprietary confidential improvements, discoveries, know-how, methods, processes, designs, technology, technical data, schematics, formulae and customer lists, and documentation relating to any of the foregoing; (c) copyrights, copyright registrations and applications for copyright registration; (d) mask works, mask work registrations and applications for mask work registrations; (e) designs, design registrations, design registration applications and integrated circuit topographies; (f) trade names, business names, corporate names, domain names, website names and world wide web addresses, common law trade-marks, trade-mark registrations, trade mark applications, trade addresses and logos, and the goodwill associated with any of the foregoing; and (g) computer software and programs (both source code and object code form), all proprietary rights in the computer software and programs and in all documentation related to the computer software and programs.

 

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“Interest Payment Date” means each June 1 and December 1, beginning on June 1, 2022 and until December 1, 2031.

“Interest Rate Agreement” means any interest rate swap agreement, interest rate cap agreement or other financial agreement or arrangement with respect to exposure to interest rates.

“Investment Grade Rating” means a rating equal to or higher than Baa3 (or the equivalent), in the case of Moody’s, BBB- (or the equivalent), in the case of S&P, or an equivalent rating, in the case of any other applicable Rating Agency.

“Issue Date” means the first date of issuance of Notes under this Indenture.

“Issuer” means the party named as such in the Preamble hereto until a successor replaces it and, thereafter, means the successor.

“Issuer Order” means a written request in the name of the Issuer delivered to the applicable Trustee(s) and signed by an Officer of the Issuer.

“Lien” means mortgage, security interest, pledge, lien, charge or other encumbrance.

“Material Indebtedness” means, without duplication, any Indebtedness in an aggregate principal amount equal to or greater than $150.0 million.

“Measurement Period” means the most recently completed four fiscal quarters for which financial statements have been delivered (or were required to be delivered).

“Moody’s” means Moody’s Investors Service, Inc. and any successor to its rating agency business.

“Offering Memorandum” means the offering memorandum dated November 9, 2021 related to the offer and sale of the Notes.

“Officer” means the Chairman of the Board, the President, the Chief Executive Officer, the Chief Administrative Officer, the Chief Financial Officer, the Chief Legal Officer, any Executive Vice President, any Senior Vice President, the Treasurer, the Assistant Treasurer, the Secretary or any Assistant Secretaries of the Company or the Issuer. Officer of any Subsidiary has a correlative meaning.

“Officers’ Certificate” means a certificate signed by any two Officers and delivered to the Trustees.

“Opinion of Counsel” means a written opinion from legal counsel who is reasonably acceptable to the Trustees (who may be an employee of or counsel to the Company), subject to customary assumptions and qualifications.

“Person” means any individual, corporation, partnership, limited liability company, joint venture, association, joint-stock company, trust, unincorporated organization, government or any agency or political subdivision thereof or any other entity.

 

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“Preferred Stock” means, as applied to the Capital Stock of any Person, Capital Stock of any class or classes (however designated) which is preferred as to the payment of dividends or distributions, or as to the distribution of assets upon any voluntary or involuntary liquidation or dissolution of such Person, over shares of Capital Stock of any other class of such Person.

“principal” of a Note means the principal of the Note plus the premium, if any, payable on the Note which is due or overdue or is to become due at the relevant time.

“Principal Property” means, any of the Company’s and its Subsidiaries (a) Intellectual Property and (b) interests in any kind of other property or asset (including, without limitation, contract rights to royalty and licensing agreements with respect to Intellectual Property, office space or other facility owned or leased as of the Issue Date or acquired or leased by the Company or any Subsidiary of the Company after such date, capital stock in and other securities of any other Person), except, in each case, such Intellectual Property or interests as the Company’s Board of Directors by resolution determines in good faith not to be material to the business of the Company and its Subsidiaries, taken as a whole. With respect to any Sale/Leaseback Transaction or series of related Sale/Leaseback Transactions, the determination of whether any property is a Principal Property shall be determined by reference to all properties affected by such transaction or series of transactions.

“Purchase Agreement” means (a) with respect to the Original Notes issued on the Issue Date, the Purchase Agreement dated November 9, 2021, among the Company, the Issuer, the Subsidiary Guarantors and Barclays Capital Inc., as representative of the several initial purchasers listed in Schedule I thereto and (b) with respect to each issuance of Additional Notes, the purchase agreement or underwriting agreement among the Issuer and the Persons purchasing such Additional Notes.

“QIB” means a “qualified institutional buyer” as defined in Rule 144A.

“Qualified Equity Offering” means any public or private issuance and sale of the Company’s common shares by the Company. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the term “Qualified Equity Offering” shall not include:

(a) any issuance and sale with respect to common stock registered on Form S-4, Form F-4 or Form S-8, and, if utilized in connection with an exchange offer, Form F-8, Form F-10 or Form F-80; or

(b) any issuance and sale to any subsidiary of the Company.

“Quotation Agent” means the Reference Treasury Dealer selected by the Issuer and identified to the Trustees by written notice from the Issuer.

“Rating Agencies” means Moody’s and S&P or if Moody’s or S&P or both shall not make a rating publicly available on the Notes, a nationally recognized statistical rating agency or agencies, as the case may be, selected by the Company (with prior notice to the Trustees) which shall be substituted for Moody’s or S&P or both, as the case may be.

 

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“Reference Treasury Dealer” means each of Barclays Capital Inc. and its successors and assigns and two other nationally recognized investment banking firms selected by the Issuer and identified to the Trustees by written notice from the Issuer that are primary U.S. Government securities dealers.

“Reference Treasury Dealer Quotations” means with respect to each Reference Treasury Dealer and any redemption date, the average, as determined by the Quotation Agent, of the bid and asked prices for the Comparable Treasury Issue, expressed in each case as a percentage of its principal amount, quoted in writing to the Quotation Agent by such Reference Treasury Dealer at 5:00 p.m., New York City time, on the third Business Day immediately preceding such redemption date.

“Regulation S” means Regulation S under the Securities Act.

“Regulation S Notes” means all Notes offered and sold outside the United States in reliance on Regulation S.

“Responsible Trust Officer” means, when used with respect to a Trustee or Paying Agent, any officer having direct responsibility for the administration of this Indenture and also means, with respect to a particular corporate trust matter, any other officer to whom such matter is referred because of such officer’s knowledge and familiarity with the particular subject.

“Restricted Period”, with respect to any Regulation S Notes, means the period of 40 consecutive days beginning on and including the later of (a) the day on which such Regulation S Notes are first offered to persons other than distributors (as defined in Regulation S under the Securities Act) in reliance on Regulation S, notice of which day shall be promptly given by the Issuer to the U.S. Trustee, and (b) the Issue Date with respect to such Regulation S Notes.

“Revolver” means the fourth amended and restated credit agreement dated as of October 31, 2019, by and among Open Text ULC, the Issuer and Open Text Corporation, as borrowers, the guarantors party thereto, each of the lenders party thereto, Barclays Bank PLC, as administrative agent, collateral agent and swing line lender, and Royal Bank of Canada, as documentary credit lender, as further amended, restated, replaced (whether upon or after termination or otherwise), refinanced, supplemented, modified or otherwise changed (in whole or in part, and without limitation as to amount, terms, conditions, covenants and other provisions) from time to time.

“Rule 144A” means Rule 144A under the Securities Act.

“Rule 144A Notes” means all Notes offered and sold to QIBs in reliance on Rule 144A.

“S&P” means Standard & Poor’s Ratings Service, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., and any successor to its rating agency business.

“SEC” means the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.

“Secured Net Debt” of any Person means, at any date of determination, (a) Indebtedness secured by a Lien on any property or asset now owned or hereafter acquired by such Person

 

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(including, for the avoidance of doubt, any Attributable Debt in respect of a Sale/Leaseback Transaction), or on any income or profits therefrom, or any assignment or conveyance of any right to receive income therefrom, minus (b) the aggregate amount of cash and cash equivalents of the Company and its Subsidiaries on such date that would not appear as “restricted” on the most recent consolidated balance sheet of the Company and its Subsidiaries.

“Secured Net Debt Ratio” means, as of any date of determination, the ratio of the Company and its Subsidiaries’ Secured Net Debt, determined on a consolidated basis and in accordance with GAAP, as of that date to the Company’s Consolidated EBITDA for the Measurement Period.

“Securities Act” means the U.S. Securities Act of 1933, as amended.

“Senior Credit Facilities” means the 2018 Credit Agreement and the Revolver, each, as amended, restated, replaced (whether upon or after termination or otherwise), refinanced, supplemented, modified or otherwise changed (in whole or in part, and without limitation as to amount, terms, conditions, covenants and other provisions) from time to time.

“Significant Subsidiary” means any Subsidiary that would be a “significant subsidiary” of the Company within the meaning of Rule 1-02(w) of Regulation S-X under the Securities Act and, for purposes of determining whether an Event of Default has occurred, any group of Subsidiary Guarantors that combined would be such a Significant Subsidiary.

“Stated Maturity” means, with respect to any security, the date specified in such security as the fixed date on which the final payment of principal of such security is due and payable, including pursuant to any mandatory redemption provision (but excluding any provision providing for the repurchase of such security at the option of the Holder thereof upon the happening of any contingency unless such contingency has occurred).

“Subsidiary” means, with respect to any Person, any corporation, association, partnership or other business entity of which more than 50% of the total voting power of shares of Voting Stock is at the time owned or controlled, directly or indirectly, by (a) such Person, (b) such Person and one or more Subsidiaries of such Person; or (c) one or more Subsidiaries of such Person.

“Subsidiary Guarantee” means a guarantee by a Subsidiary Guarantor of the Issuer’s obligations with respect to the Notes.

“Subsidiary Guarantor” means each Subsidiary of the Company, other than the Issuer, that executes this Indenture as a guarantor on the Issue Date and each other Subsidiary of the Company that thereafter guarantees the Notes pursuant to the terms of this Indenture until such time as its Subsidiary Guarantee is released in accordance with the terms of this Indenture.

“Transfer Restricted Notes” means Definitive Registered Notes and any other Notes that bear or are required to bear the Restricted Notes Legend.

“Transfer Date” means, for any transfer or sale of Notes, the date upon which that transfer or sale is completed.

 

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“Treasury Rate” means the yield to maturity at the time of computation of United States Treasury securities with a constant maturity (as compiled and published in the most recent Federal Reserve Statistical Release H.15(519) which has become publicly available at least two Business Days prior to the date fixed for redemption (or, if such Statistical Release is no longer published, any publicly available source of similar market data)) most nearly equal to the then remaining average life to December 1, 2026, provided, however, that if the average life to December 1, 2026 of the Notes is not equal to the constant maturity of a United States Treasury security for which a weekly average yield is given, the Treasury Rate shall be obtained by linear interpolation (calculated to the nearest one-twelfth of a year) from the weekly average yields of United States Treasury securities for which such yields are given, except that if the average life to December 1, 2026 of the Notes is less than one year, the weekly average yield on actually traded United States Treasury securities adjusted to a constant maturity of one year shall be used.

“Trustees” mean the U.S. Trustee and the Canadian Trustee.

“U.S. Government Obligations” means direct obligations (or certificates representing an ownership interest in such obligations) of the United States of America (including any agency or instrumentality thereof) for the payment of which the full faith and credit of the United States of America is pledged and which are not callable at the issuer’s option.

“U.S. Trustee” means The Bank of New York Mellon until a successor replaces it and, thereafter, means the successor.

“Voting Stock” of a Person means all classes of Capital Stock of such Person then outstanding and normally entitled (without regard to the occurrence of any contingency) to vote in the election of directors, managers or trustees thereof.

Section 1.2 Other Definitions.

 

Term

  Defined in Section 

“Additional Amounts”

   2.13(b) 

“Agent Members”

   2.1(c) 

“Bankruptcy Law”

   6.1 

“Canadian Restricted Notes Legend”

   2.6(e)(i) 

“Change of Control Offer”

   4.9(b) 

“covenant defeasance option”

   8.1(b) 

“Cross Acceleration Provision”

   6.1(h) 

“Custodian”

   6.1 

“Event of Default”

   6.1 

“Expiration Date”

   4.9(b)(iii) 

“FATCA”

   2.13(b)(ix) 

“Global Note”

   2.1(b) 

“Guaranteed Obligations”

   10.1(a) 

“legal defeasance option”

   8.1(b) 

“Notes”

   Preamble 

“Original Notes”

   Preamble 

“Paying Agent”

   2.3(a) 

 

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Term

  Defined in Section 

“Principal Payment Default”

   6.1(h) 

“Purchase Date”

   4.9(b)(iii) 

“Registrar”

   2.3(a) 

“Regulation S Global Note”

   2.1(b) 

“Relevant Taxing Jurisdiction”

   2.13(a) 

“Restricted Notes Legend”

   2.6(e)(i) 

“Rule 144A Global Note”

   2.1(b) 

“Sale/Leaseback Transaction”

   4.6(a) 

“Tax Redemption Date”

   3.5 

“Taxes”

   2.13(a) 

Section 1.3 Rules of Construction.

(a) Unless the context otherwise requires:

(i) a term has the meaning assigned to it;

(ii) an accounting term not otherwise defined has the meaning assigned to it in accordance with GAAP;

(iii) “or” is not exclusive;

(iv) “including” means including without limitation;

(v) words in the singular include the plural and words in the plural include the singular;

(vi) provisions apply to successive events and transactions;

(vii) references to sections of, or rules under, the Securities Act or the Exchange Act shall be deemed to include substitute, replacement or successor sections or rules adopted by the SEC from time to time;

(viii) any reference to an “Article”, “Section” or “clause” refers to an Article, Section or clause, as the case may be, of this Indenture;

(ix) unsecured Indebtedness shall not be deemed to be subordinate or junior to Secured Indebtedness merely by virtue of its nature as unsecured Indebtedness;

(x) the principal amount of any noninterest bearing or other discount security at any date shall be the principal amount thereof that would be shown on a balance sheet of the issuer dated such date prepared in accordance with GAAP;

 

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(xi) the principal amount of any Preferred Stock shall be (A) the maximum liquidation value of such Preferred Stock or (B) the maximum mandatory redemption or mandatory repurchase price with respect to such Preferred Stock, whichever is greater; and

(xii) all references to the date the Notes were originally issued shall refer to the Issue Date.

(b) For the avoidance of doubt, the existence of any exception to any covenant of the Company, the Issuer or any Subsidiary shall not imply that the matter covered by such exception is restricted or prohibited by such covenant.

Section 1.4 Acts of Holders.

(a) Any request, demand, authorization, direction, notice, consent, waiver or other action provided by this Indenture to be given or taken by Holders may be embodied in and evidenced by one or more instruments of substantially similar tenor signed by such Holders in person or by an agent duly appointed in writing. Except as herein otherwise expressly provided, such action shall become effective when such instrument or instruments or record or both are delivered to the applicable Trustee and, where it is hereby expressly required, to the Company, the Issuer and the Subsidiary Guarantors. Proof of execution of any such instrument or writing appointing any such agent, or the holding by any Person of a Note, shall be sufficient for any purpose of this Indenture and (subject to Section 7.1) conclusive in favor of the Trustees, the Company, the Issuer and the Subsidiary Guarantors, if made in the manner provided in this Section 1.4.

(b) The ownership of Notes shall be proved by the Register.

(c) The Issuer may set a record date for purposes of determining the identity of Holders entitled to make, give or take any request, demand, authorization, direction, notice, consent, waiver or other action provided in this Indenture to be made, or to vote on any action authorized or permitted to be taken by Holders; provided that the Issuer may not set a record date for, and the provisions of this paragraph shall not apply with respect to, the giving or making of any notice, declaration, request or direction referred to in clause (d) below. If any record date is set pursuant to this clause (c), the Holders on such record date, and only such Holders, shall be entitled to make, give or take such request, demand, authorization, direction, notice, consent, waiver or other action (including revocation of any action), whether or not such Holders remain Holders after such record date; provided that no such action shall be effective hereunder unless made, given or taken on or prior to the applicable expiration date by Holders of the requisite principal amount of Notes, or each affected Holder, as applicable, on such record date. Promptly after any record date is set pursuant to this paragraph, the Issuer, at its own expense, shall cause notice of such record date, the proposed action by Holders and the applicable expiration date to be given to the Trustees in writing and to each Holder in the manner set forth in Section 11.2. No act will be valid or effective for more than 90 days after the record date.

 

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(d) The U.S. Trustee may set any day as a record date for the purpose of determining the Holders entitled to join in the giving or making of (1) any notice of default under Section 6.1, (2) any declaration of acceleration referred to in Section 6.2, (3) any direction referred to in Section 6.5 or (4) any request to pursue a remedy referred to in Section 6.6(a)(ii). If any record date is set pursuant to this paragraph, the Holders on such record date, and no other Holders, shall be entitled to join in such notice, declaration, request or direction, whether or not such Holders remain Holders after such record date; provided that no such action shall be effective hereunder unless made, given or taken on or prior to the applicable expiration date by Holders of the requisite principal amount of Notes or each affected Holder, as applicable, on such record date. Promptly after any record date is set pursuant to this paragraph, the Trustees, at the Issuer’s expense, shall cause notice of such record date, the proposed action by Holders and the applicable expiration date to be given to the Issuer and to each Holder in the manner set forth in Section 11.2. No act will be valid or effective for more than 90 days after the record date.

(e) Without limiting the foregoing, a Holder entitled to take any action hereunder with regard to any particular Note may do so with regard to all or any part of the principal amount of such Note or by one or more duly appointed agents, each of which may do so pursuant to such appointment with regard to all or any part of such principal amount. Any notice given or action taken by a Holder or its agents with regard to different parts of such principal amount pursuant to this paragraph shall have the same effect as if given or taken by separate Holders of each such different part.

(f) Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, a Holder, including a Depositary that is the Holder of a Global Note, may make, give or take, by a proxy or proxies duly appointed in writing, any request, demand, authorization, direction, notice, consent, waiver or other action under this Indenture to be made, given or taken by Holders, and a Depositary that is the Holder of a Global Note may provide its proxy or proxies to the beneficial owners of interests in any such Global Note through such Depositary’s standing instructions and customary practices.

(g) The Issuer may fix a record date for the purpose of determining the Persons who are beneficial owners of interests in any Global Note held by a Depositary entitled under the procedures of such Depositary, if any, to make, give or take, by a proxy or proxies duly appointed in writing, any request, demand, authorization, direction, notice, consent, waiver or other action under this Indenture to be made, given or taken by Holders; provided that if such a record date is fixed, only the beneficial owners of interests in such Global Note on such record date or their duly appointed proxy or proxies shall be entitled to make, give or take such request, demand, authorization, direction, notice, consent, waiver or other action, whether or not such beneficial owners remain beneficial owners of interests in such Global Note after such record date. No such request, demand, authorization, direction, notice, consent, waiver or other action shall be effective hereunder unless made, given or taken on or prior to the applicable expiration date. No act will be valid or effective for more than 90 days after the record date.

(h) With respect to any record date set pursuant to this Section 1.4, the party hereto that sets such record date may designate any day as the “expiration date” and from time to time may change the expiration date to any earlier or later day; provided that no such change shall be effective unless notice of the proposed new expiration date is given to the other

 

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party hereto in writing, and to each Holder of Notes in the manner set forth in Section 11.2, on or prior to both the existing and the new expiration date. If an expiration date is not designated with respect to any record date set pursuant to this Section 1.4, the party hereto which set such record date shall be deemed to have initially designated the 30th day after such record date as the expiration date with respect thereto, subject to its right to change the expiration date as provided in this clause (h). No changed expiration date shall be more than 90 days from the initial expiration date.

(i) Any request, demand, authorization, direction, notice, consent, waiver or other action by the Holder of any Note shall bind every future Holder of the same Note and the Holder of every Note issued upon the registration of transfer thereof or in exchange therefor or in lieu thereof, in respect of any action taken, suffered or omitted by either of the Trustees, the Company, the Issuer or the Subsidiary Guarantors in reliance thereon, whether or not notation of such action is made upon such Note.

ARTICLE 2

THE NOTES

Section 2.1 Form and Dating.

(a) The (i) Original Notes and the U.S. Trustee’s certificate of authentication and (ii) any Additional Notes (if issued as Transfer Restricted Notes) and the U.S. Trustee’s certificate of authentication shall be substantially in the form of Exhibit A hereto, which is hereby incorporated in and expressly made a part of this Indenture. The Notes may have notations, legends or endorsements required by law, stock exchange rule, agreements to which the Company, the Issuer or any Subsidiary Guarantor is subject, if any, or usage (provided that any such notation, legend or endorsement is in a form acceptable to the Issuer but which notation, legend or endorsement does not affect the rights, duties or obligations of either of the Trustees). Each Note shall be dated the date of its authentication. The Notes shall be issuable only in registered form without interest coupons and only in denominations of $2,000 and whole multiples of $1,000 in excess thereof. The terms of the Notes set forth in the Exhibits hereto are part of the terms of this Indenture. However, to the extent any provision of any Note conflicts with the express provisions of this Indenture, the provisions of this Indenture shall govern and be controlling. The Notes issued on the Issue Date shall be (A) offered and sold by the Issuer pursuant to the Purchase Agreement and (B) resold, initially only to (1) QIBs in reliance on Rule 144A and (2) Persons other than U.S. Persons (as defined in Regulation S) in reliance on Regulation S and in compliance with Canadian Securities Laws. Such Notes may thereafter be transferred to, among others, QIBs and purchasers in reliance on Regulation S and in compliance with Canadian Securities Laws. Additional Notes offered after the Issue Date may be offered and sold by the Issuer from time to time in accordance with the provisions of this Indenture and applicable law.

(b) Global Notes. Notes offered and sold in their initial distribution in reliance on Rule 144A shall be issued in the form of one or more global notes in registered form without interest coupons attached (“Rule 144A Global Notes”) deposited with the U.S. Trustee as custodian for the Depositary and registered in the name of Cede & Co., as nominee for the

 

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Depositary, duly executed by the Issuer and authenticated by the U.S. Trustee as herein provided, for credit by the Depositary to the respective accounts of beneficial owners of the Notes represented thereby (or such other accounts as they may direct). Notes offered and sold in their initial distribution in reliance on Regulation S shall be issued in the form of one or more global notes in registered form without interest coupons attached (“Regulation S Global Notes” and, collectively with the 144A Global Notes, the “Global Notes”) deposited with the U.S. Trustee as custodian for the Depositary and registered in the name of Cede & Co., as nominee for the Depositary, duly executed by the Issuer and authenticated by the U.S. Trustee as herein provided, for credit by the Depositary to the respective accounts of beneficial owners of the Notes represented thereby (or such other accounts as they may direct). The aggregate principal amount of the Global Notes may from time to time be increased or decreased by adjustments made on the records of the Custodian and the Depositary or its nominee and on the schedules thereto as hereinafter provided.

(c) Book Entry Provisions. This Section 2.1(c) shall apply only to Global Notes deposited with or on behalf of the Depositary.

The Issuer shall execute and the U.S. Trustee shall, in accordance with this Section 2.1(c), authenticate and deliver initially one or more Global Notes that (i) shall be registered in the name of the Depositary for such Global Note or Global Notes or the nominee of such Depositary and (ii) shall be delivered by the U.S. Trustee to such Depositary or pursuant to such Depositary’s instructions or held by the U.S. Trustee as Custodian.

Members of, or participants in, the Depositary (“Agent Members”) shall have no rights under this Indenture with respect to any Global Note held on their behalf by the Depositary or by the U.S. Trustee as the Custodian or under such Global Note, and the Depositary may be treated by the Issuer, the U.S. Trustee and any agent of the Issuer or the U.S. Trustee as the absolute owner of such Global Note for all purposes whatsoever. Notwithstanding the foregoing, nothing herein shall prevent the Issuer, the U.S. Trustee or any agent of the Issuer or the U.S. Trustee from giving effect to any written certification, proxy or other authorization furnished by the Depositary or impair, as between the Depositary and its Agent Members, the operation of customary practices of such Depositary governing the exercise of the rights of a Holder of a beneficial interest in any Global Note.

(d) Definitive Registered Notes. Except as otherwise provided herein, owners of beneficial interests in Global Notes will not be entitled to receive physical delivery of Definitive Registered Notes.

Section 2.2 Execution and Authentication. One Officer shall sign the Notes for the Issuer by manual or facsimile signature. If an Officer whose signature is on a Note no longer holds that office at the time the U.S. Trustee authenticates the Note, the Note shall be valid nevertheless.

A Note shall not be valid until an authorized signatory of the U.S. Trustee manually or electronically signs the certificate of authentication on the Note. The signature shall be conclusive evidence that the Note has been authenticated under this Indenture.

 

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On the Issue Date, the U.S. Trustee shall authenticate and deliver $650.0 million of 4.125% Senior Notes due 2031 and, at any time and from time to time thereafter, the U.S. Trustee shall authenticate and deliver Additional Notes in an aggregate principal amount specified in a Issuer Order. Such Issuer Order shall specify the amount of the Additional Notes to be authenticated and the date on which the issue of Additional Notes is to be authenticated. The aggregate principal amount of Notes which may be authenticated and delivered under this Indenture is unlimited.

The U.S. Trustee may appoint an authenticating agent reasonably acceptable to the Issuer to authenticate the Notes. Any such appointment shall be evidenced by an instrument signed by a Responsible Trust Officer, a copy of which shall be furnished to the Issuer. Unless limited by the terms of such appointment, an authenticating agent may authenticate Notes whenever the U.S. Trustee may do so. Each reference in this Indenture to authentication by the U.S. Trustee includes authentication by such agent. An authenticating agent has the same rights as any Registrar, Paying Agent or agent for service of notices and demands.

The U.S. Trustee shall receive a Company Order in connection with all requests to authenticate Notes under this Indenture.

Section 2.3 Registrar and Paying Agent.

(a) The Issuer shall maintain an office or agency where Notes may be presented for registration of transfer or for exchange (the “Registrar”) and an office or agency where Notes may be presented for payment (the “Paying Agent”). The Registrar shall keep a register of the Notes and of their transfer and exchange (the “Register”). The Issuer may have one or more co-registrars and one or more additional paying agents. The term “Paying Agent” includes any additional paying agent, and the term “Registrar” includes any co-registrars. The Issuer initially appoints the U.S. Trustee as Registrar and Paying Agent for the Global Notes, for which the U.S. Trustee shall be Custodian.

(b) The Issuer shall enter into an appropriate agency agreement with any Registrar, Paying Agent or co-registrar not a party to this Indenture. The agreement shall implement the provisions of this Indenture that relate to such agent. The Issuer shall notify the Trustees in writing of the name and address of any such agent. If the Issuer fails to maintain a Registrar or Paying Agent, the U.S. Trustee shall act as such and shall be entitled to appropriate compensation and indemnification therefor pursuant to Section 7.7. The Issuer or any of its domestically organized wholly owned Subsidiaries may act as Paying Agent (prior to an Event of Default), Registrar, co-registrar or transfer agent.

(c) The Issuer may remove any Registrar or Paying Agent upon written notice to such Registrar or Paying Agent and to the Trustees; provided, however, that no such removal shall become effective until (i) acceptance of an appointment by a successor as evidenced by an appropriate agreement entered into by the Issuer and such successor Registrar or Paying Agent, as the case may be, and delivered to the Trustees and the passage of any waiting or notice periods required by the procedures of the Depositary or (ii) written notification to the Trustees that the U.S. Trustee shall serve as Registrar or Paying Agent until the appointment of a

 

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successor in accordance with clause (i) above. The Registrar or Paying Agent may resign at any time upon 30 days’ written notice to the Issuer and the Trustees.

Section 2.4 Paying Agent To Hold Money in Trust. No later than the Business Day prior to each due date of the principal, premium, if any, and interest on any Note, the Issuer shall deposit with the Paying Agent (or if the Issuer or a wholly owned Subsidiary is acting as Paying Agent, segregate and hold in trust for the benefit of the Persons entitled thereto) a sum sufficient to pay such principal, premium, if any, and interest when so becoming due. The Issuer shall require each Paying Agent (other than the U.S. Trustee) to agree in writing that the Paying Agent shall hold in trust for the benefit of Holders or the Trustees all money held by the Paying Agent for the payment of principal of or premium, if any, or interest on the Notes and shall notify the Trustees in writing of any default by the Issuer in making any such payment. If the Issuer or a Subsidiary acts as Paying Agent, it shall segregate the money held by it as Paying Agent and hold it as a separate trust fund. The Issuer at any time may require a Paying Agent to pay all money held by it to the U.S. Trustee and to account for any funds disbursed by the Paying Agent. Upon complying with this Section 2.4, the Paying Agent shall have no further liability for the money delivered to the U.S. Trustee.

Section 2.5 Holder Lists. The U.S. Trustee shall preserve in as current a form as is reasonably practicable the most recent list available to it of the names and addresses of Holders. If the U.S. Trustee is not the Registrar, the Issuer shall furnish to the U.S. Trustee, in writing at least five Business Days before each Interest Payment Date and at such other times as the U.S. Trustee may request in writing, a list in such form and as of such date as the U.S. Trustee may reasonably require of the names and addresses of Holders.

Section 2.6 Transfer and Exchange.

(a) Transfer and Exchange of Definitive Registered Notes. When Definitive Registered Notes are presented to the Registrar or a co-registrar with a request:

(i) to register the transfer of such Definitive Registered Notes; or

(ii) to exchange such Definitive Registered Notes for an equal principal amount of Definitive Registered Notes of other authorized denominations,

the Registrar or co-registrar shall register the transfer or make the exchange as requested if its reasonable requirements for such transaction are met; provided, however, that the Definitive Registered Notes surrendered for transfer or exchange:

(i) shall be duly endorsed or accompanied by a written instrument of transfer in form reasonably satisfactory to the Issuer and the Registrar or co-registrar, duly executed by the Holder thereof or his attorney duly authorized in writing; and

(ii) in the case of Transfer Restricted Notes that are Definitive Registered Notes, are being transferred or exchanged pursuant to an

 

19


effective registration statement under the Securities Act, a prospectus qualified under Canadian Securities Laws or pursuant to clause (A), (B) or (C) below, and are accompanied by the following additional information and documents, as applicable:

(A) if such Transfer Restricted Notes are being delivered to the Registrar by a Holder for registration in the name of such Holder, without transfer, a certification from such Holder to that effect (in substantially the form set forth on the reverse side of the Note);

(B) if such Transfer Restricted Notes are being transferred to the Issuer, a certification to that effect (in substantially the form set forth on the reverse side of the Note); or

(C) if such Transfer Restricted Notes are being transferred pursuant to an exemption from registration in reliance upon an exemption from the registration requirements of the Securities Act or an exemption from the prospectus requirement under Canadian Securities Laws, (1) a certification to that effect (in the form set forth on the reverse side of the Note) and (2) if the Issuer so requests, an opinion of counsel or other evidence reasonably satisfactory to it as to the compliance with the restrictions set forth in the legend set forth in Section 2.6(e)(i).

(b) Restrictions on Transfer of a Definitive Registered Note for a Beneficial Interest in a Global Note. A Definitive Registered Note may not be exchanged for a beneficial interest in a Global Note except upon satisfaction of the requirements set forth below. Upon receipt by the U.S. Trustee of a Definitive Registered Note, duly endorsed or accompanied by appropriate instruments of transfer, in form satisfactory to the U.S. Trustee, together with:

(i) certification (in the form set forth on the reverse side of the Note) that such Definitive Registered Note is being transferred (A) to the Issuer, (B) to the Registrar for registration in the name of a Holder, without transfer, (C) pursuant to an effective registration statement under the Securities Act or a prospectus qualified under Canadian Securities Laws, (D) to a QIB in accordance with Rule 144A, or (E) outside the United States in an offshore transaction within the meaning of Regulation S and in compliance with Rule 904 under the Securities Act (other than as provided by Rule 144) under the Securities Act and in compliance with Canadian Securities Laws, as applicable; and

(ii) written instructions directing the U.S. Trustee to make, or to direct the Custodian to make, an adjustment on its books and records with respect to such Global Note to reflect an increase in the aggregate principal amount of the Notes represented by the Global Note, such instructions to contain information regarding the Depositary account to be credited with such increase,

 

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then the U.S. Trustee shall cancel such Definitive Registered Note and cause, or direct the Custodian to cause, in accordance with the standing instructions and procedures existing between the Depositary and the Custodian, the aggregate principal amount of Notes represented by the Global Note to be increased accordingly. If no Global Notes are then outstanding, the Issuer shall issue and the U.S. Trustee shall authenticate, upon written order of the Issuer in the form of an Officers’ Certificate, a new Global Note in the appropriate principal amount.

(c) Transfer and Exchange of Global Notes. The transfer and exchange of Global Notes or beneficial interests therein shall be effected through the Depositary, in accordance with this Indenture (including applicable restrictions on transfer set forth herein, if any) and the procedures of the Depositary therefor. A transferor of a beneficial interest in a Global Note shall deliver a written order given in accordance with the Depositary’s procedures containing information regarding the participant account of the Depositary to be credited with a beneficial interest in such Global Note or another Global Note and such account shall be credited in accordance with such order with a beneficial interest in the applicable Global Note and the account of the Person making the transfer shall be debited by an amount equal to the beneficial interest in the Global Note being transferred. Transfers by an owner of a beneficial interest in the Rule 144A Global Note to a transferee who takes delivery of such interest through the Regulation S Global Note, whether before or after the expiration of the Restricted Period, shall be made only upon receipt by the U.S. Trustee of (1) a certification in the form provided on the reverse side of the Notes from the transferor to the effect that such transfer is being made in accordance with Regulation S or (if available) Rule 144 under the Securities Act and in compliance with Canadian Securities Laws, as applicable, and (2) if the Issuer so requests, an opinion of counsel or other evidence reasonably satisfactory to it as to the compliance with the restrictions set forth in the legend set forth in Section 2.6(e)(i).

(i) If the proposed transfer is a transfer of a beneficial interest in one Global Note to a beneficial interest in another Global Note, the Registrar shall reflect on its books and records the date and an increase in the principal amount of the Global Note to which such interest is being transferred in an amount equal to the principal amount of the interest to be so transferred, and the Registrar shall reflect on its books and records the date and a corresponding decrease in the principal amount of the Global Note from which such interest is being transferred.

(ii) Notwithstanding any other provisions of this Indenture (other than the provisions set forth in Section 2.7), a Global Note may not be transferred as a whole except by the Depositary to a nominee of the Depositary or by a nominee of the Depositary to the Depositary or another nominee of the Depositary or by the Depositary or any such nominee to a successor Depositary or a nominee of such successor Depositary.

(d) Restrictions on Transfer of Regulation S Global Notes.

(i) Prior to the expiration of the Restricted Period, interests in the Regulation S Global Note may only be held through Euroclear or Clearstream. During the Restricted Period, beneficial ownership interests in the

 

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Regulation S Global Note may only be sold, pledged or transferred through Euroclear or Clearstream in accordance with the Applicable Procedures and only (A) to the Issuer, (B) so long as such security is eligible for resale pursuant to Rule 144A, to a person whom the selling holder reasonably believes is a QIB that purchases for its own account or for the account of a QIB to whom notice is given that the resale, pledge or transfer is being made in reliance on Rule 144A, (C) in an offshore transaction in accordance with Regulation S, or (D) pursuant to an effective registration statement under the Securities Act or a prospectus qualified under Canadian Securities Laws, in each case in accordance with any applicable securities laws of any state of the United States and in compliance with Canadian Securities Laws. Prior to the expiration of the Restricted Period, transfers by an owner of a beneficial interest in the Regulation S Global Note to a transferee who takes delivery of such interest through the Rule 144A Global Note shall be made only in accordance with Applicable Procedures and upon receipt by the U.S. Trustee of a written certification from the transferor of the beneficial interest in the form provided on the reverse side of the Note to the effect that such transfer is being made to a QIB within the meaning of Rule 144A in a transaction meeting the requirements of Rule 144A. Such written certification shall no longer be required after the expiration of the Restricted Period.

(ii) Upon the expiration of the Restricted Period, beneficial ownership interests in the Regulation S Global Note shall be transferable in accordance with applicable law, including Canadian Securities Laws, and the other terms of this Indenture.

(e) Legend.

(i) Each Note certificate evidencing the Global Notes and the Definitive Registered Notes (and all Notes issued in exchange therefor or substitution thereof) shall bear a legend in substantially the following form (the “Restricted Notes Legend;” and the sixth paragraph of which is herein referred to as the “Canadian Restricted Notes Legend”):

THIS SECURITY HAS NOT BEEN REGISTERED UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933, AS AMENDED (THE “SECURITIES ACT”), OR THE SECURITIES LAWS OF ANY STATE OR OTHER JURISDICTION. NEITHER THIS SECURITY NOR ANY INTEREST OR PARTICIPATION HEREIN MAY BE REOFFERED, SOLD, ASSIGNED, TRANSFERRED, PLEDGED, ENCUMBERED OR OTHERWISE DISPOSED OF IN THE ABSENCE OF SUCH REGISTRATION OR UNLESS SUCH TRANSACTION IS EXEMPT FROM, OR NOT SUBJECT TO, SUCH REGISTRATION. THE HOLDER OF THIS SECURITY, BY ITS ACCEPTANCE HEREOF, AGREES ON ITS OWN BEHALF AND ON BEHALF OF ANY INVESTOR ACCOUNT FOR WHICH IT HAS PURCHASED SECURITIES, TO OFFER, SELL OR OTHERWISE TRANSFER SUCH SECURITY, PRIOR TO THE DATE (THE “RESALE RESTRICTION TERMINATION DATE”) THAT IS

[IN THE CASE OF RULE 144A NOTES: ONE YEAR AFTER THE LATER OF THE ORIGINAL ISSUE DATE HEREOF, THE ORIGINAL ISSUE DATE OF THE ISSUANCE OF

 

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ANY ADDITIONAL NOTES AND THE LAST DATE ON WHICH THE ISSUER OR ANY AFFILIATE OF THE ISSUER WAS THE OWNER OF THIS SECURITY (OR ANY PREDECESSOR OF SUCH SECURITY),]

[IN THE CASE OF REGULATION S NOTES: 40 DAYS AFTER THE LATER OF THE ORIGINAL ISSUE DATE HEREOF, THE ORIGINAL ISSUE DATE OF THE ISSUANCE OF ANY ADDITIONAL NOTES AND THE DATE ON WHICH THIS SECURITY (OR ANY PREDECESSOR OF SUCH SECURITY) WAS FIRST OFFERED TO PERSONS OTHER THAN DISTRIBUTORS (AS DEFINED IN RULE 902 OF REGULATION S) IN RELIANCE ON REGULATION S,]

ONLY (A) TO THE ISSUER OR ANY SUBSIDIARY THEREOF, (B) PURSUANT TO A REGISTRATION STATEMENT THAT HAS BEEN DECLARED EFFECTIVE UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT, (C) FOR SO LONG AS THE SECURITIES ARE ELIGIBLE FOR RESALE PURSUANT TO RULE 144A UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT (“RULE 144A”), TO A PERSON IT REASONABLY BELIEVES IS A “QUALIFIED INSTITUTIONAL BUYER” AS DEFINED IN RULE 144A THAT PURCHASES FOR ITS OWN ACCOUNT OR FOR THE ACCOUNT OF A QUALIFIED INSTITUTIONAL BUYER TO WHOM NOTICE IS GIVEN THAT THE TRANSFER IS BEING MADE IN RELIANCE ON RULE 144A, (D) PURSUANT TO OFFERS AND SALES TO NON-U.S. PERSONS THAT OCCUR OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES WITHIN THE MEANING OF REGULATION S UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT, (E) TO AN INSTITUTIONAL “ACCREDITED INVESTOR” WITHIN THE MEANING OF RULE 501(a)(1), (2), (3) OR (7) UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT THAT IS NOT A QUALIFIED INSTITUTIONAL BUYER AND THAT IS PURCHASING FOR ITS OWN ACCOUNT OR FOR THE ACCOUNT OF ANOTHER INSTITUTIONAL ACCREDITED INVESTOR OR (F) PURSUANT TO ANOTHER AVAILABLE EXEMPTION FROM THE REGISTRATION REQUIREMENTS OF THE SECURITIES ACT, SUBJECT TO THE ISSUER’S AND THE U.S. TRUSTEE’S RIGHT PRIOR TO ANY SUCH OFFER, SALE OR TRANSFER PURSUANT TO CLAUSES (D), (E) OR (F) TO REQUIRE THE DELIVERY OF AN OPINION OF COUNSEL, CERTIFICATION AND/ OR OTHER INFORMATION SATISFACTORY TO EACH OF THEM. THIS LEGEND WILL BE REMOVED UPON THE REQUEST OF THE HOLDER AFTER THE RESALE RESTRICTION TERMINATION DATE.

BY ITS ACQUISITION OF THIS SECURITY, THE HOLDER THEREOF WILL BE DEEMED TO HAVE REPRESENTED AND WARRANTED THAT EITHER (1) NO PORTION OF THE ASSETS USED BY SUCH HOLDER TO ACQUIRE OR HOLD THIS SECURITY OR ANY INTEREST HEREIN CONSTITUTES THE ASSETS OF AN EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLAN THAT IS SUBJECT TO TITLE I OF THE U.S. EMPLOYEE RETIREMENT INCOME SECURITY ACT OF 1974, AS AMENDED (“ERISA”), OF A PLAN, INDIVIDUAL RETIREMENT ACCOUNT OR OTHER ARRANGEMENT THAT IS SUBJECT TO SECTION 4975 OF THE U.S. INTERNAL REVENUE CODE OF 1986, AS AMENDED (THE “CODE”), OR PROVISIONS UNDER ANY OTHER FEDERAL, STATE, LOCAL, NON-U.S. OR OTHER LAWS OR REGULATIONS THAT ARE SIMILAR TO SUCH PROVISIONS OF ERISA OR THE CODE (“SIMILAR LAWS”), OR OF AN ENTITY WHOSE UNDERLYING ASSETS ARE CONSIDERED TO INCLUDE “PLAN ASSETS” OF ANY SUCH PLAN, ACCOUNT OR ARRANGEMENT, OR (2) THE ACQUISITION,

 

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HOLDING AND DISPOSITION OF THIS SECURITY OR ANY INTEREST HEREIN WILL NOT CONSTITUTE A NON-EXEMPT PROHIBITED TRANSACTION UNDER SECTION 406 OF ERISA OR SECTION 4975 OF THE CODE OR A SIMILAR VIOLATION UNDER ANY APPLICABLE SIMILAR LAWS.

UNLESS PERMITTED UNDER CANADIAN SECURITIES LEGISLATION, THE HOLDER OF THIS SECURITY MUST NOT TRADE THE SECURITY BEFORE THE DATE THAT IS FOUR MONTHS AND A DAY AFTER THE LATER OF (I) [INSERT THE ORIGINAL DISTRIBUTION DATE OF THE NOTES]; AND (II) THE DATE THE ISSUER BECAME A REPORTING ISSUER IN ANY PROVINCE OR TERRITORY OF CANADA.

(ii) Upon any sale or transfer of a Transfer Restricted Note that is a Definitive Registered Note, the Registrar shall permit the Holder thereof to exchange such Transfer Restricted Note for a Definitive Registered Note that does not bear the Restricted Notes Legend and the Definitive Registered Notes Legend and rescind any restriction on the transfer of such Transfer Restricted Note if the Holder certifies in writing to the Registrar that its request for such exchange was made in reliance on Rule 144 (such certification to be in the form set forth on the reverse side of the Notes) and, if the Issuer so requests, an opinion of counsel or other evidence reasonably satisfactory to it as to the compliance with the restrictions set forth in the legend set forth in Section 2.6(e)(i).

(iii) Any Additional Notes sold in a registered offering shall not be required to bear the Restricted Notes Legend.

(iv) Notwithstanding anything in this Indenture to the contrary, the Canadian Restricted Notes Legend will appear on any Original Notes or Additional Notes that are issued prior to the date specified on the Canadian Restricted Notes Legend unless the Canadian Restricted Notes Legend is no longer required under any applicable Canadian Securities Laws.

(f) Cancellation and/or Adjustment of Global Note. At such time as all beneficial interests in a Global Note have either been exchanged for Definitive Registered Notes, redeemed, repurchased or canceled, such Global Note shall be returned to the Depositary for cancellation or retained and canceled by the U.S. Trustee in accordance with its customary procedures. At any time prior to such cancellation, if any beneficial interest in a Global Note is exchanged for Definitive Registered Notes, redeemed, repurchased or canceled, the principal amount of Notes represented by such Global Note shall be reduced and an adjustment shall be made on the books and records of the U.S. Trustee (if it is then the Custodian for such Global Note) with respect to such Global Note, by the U.S. Trustee or the Custodian, to reflect such reduction.

(g) Obligations with Respect to Transfers and Exchanges of Notes.

 

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(i) To permit registrations of transfers and exchanges, the Issuer shall execute and the U.S. Trustee shall authenticate Definitive Registered Notes and Global Notes at the Registrar’s or co-registrar’s request.

(ii) No service charge shall be made for any registration of transfer or exchange, but the Issuer may require payment of a sum sufficient to cover any transfer tax, assessments, or similar governmental charge payable in connection therewith (other than any such transfer taxes, assessments or similar governmental charge payable upon exchanges pursuant to Sections 3.7, 4.9 and 9.4 of this Indenture).

(iii) The Registrar need not register the transfer of or exchange any Notes selected for redemption (except, in the case of a Note to be redeemed in part, the portion of the Note not to be redeemed) or to transfer or exchange any Notes for a period of 15 days prior to any date fixed for the redemption of such notes, for a period of 15 days immediately prior to the date fixed for selection of such Notes to be redeemed in part, for a period of 15 days prior to the record date with respect to any interest payment date applicable to such Notes; or which the Holder has tendered (and not withdrawn) for repurchase in connection with a Change of Control Offer.

(iv) Prior to the due presentation for registration of transfer of any Note, the Issuer, the U.S. Trustee, the Paying Agent, the Registrar or any co-registrar shall deem and treat the person in whose name a Note is registered as the absolute owner of such Note for the purpose of receiving payment of principal of and interest on such Note and for all other purposes whatsoever (whether or not such Note is overdue) and none of the Issuer, the U.S. Trustee, the Paying Agent, the Registrar or any co-registrar shall be affected by notice to the contrary.

(v) All Notes issued upon any transfer or exchange pursuant to the terms of this Indenture shall evidence the same debt and shall be entitled to the same benefits under this Indenture as the Notes surrendered upon such transfer or exchange.

(h) No Obligation of the Trustees.

(i) The Trustees shall have no responsibility or obligation to any beneficial owner of a Global Note, a member of, or a participant in the Depositary or other Person with respect to the accuracy of the records of the Depositary or its nominee or of any participant or member thereof, with respect to any ownership interest in the Notes or with respect to the delivery to any participant, member, beneficial owner or other Person (other than the Depositary) of any notice (including any notice of redemption) or the payment of any amount, under or with respect to such Notes. All notices and communications to be given to the Holders and all payments to be made to Holders under the Notes shall be given or made only to or upon the order of the registered Holders (which shall be

 

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the Depositary or its nominee in the case of a Global Note). The rights of beneficial owners in any Global Note in global form shall be exercised only through the Depositary subject to the applicable rules and procedures of the Depositary. The Trustees may conclusively rely and shall be fully protected in relying upon information furnished by the Depositary with respect to its members, participants and any beneficial owners.

(ii) The Trustees shall have no obligation or duty to monitor, determine or inquire as to compliance with any restrictions on transfer imposed under this Indenture or under applicable law with respect to any transfer of any interest in any Note (including without limitation any transfers between or among Depositary participants, members or beneficial owners in any Global Note) other than to require delivery of such certificates and other documentation or evidence as are expressly required by, and to do so if and when expressly required by, the terms of this Indenture, and to examine the same to determine substantial compliance as to form with the express requirements hereof.

(i) Transfer.

Any purported transfer of such Note, or any interest therein to a purchaser or transferee that does not comply with the requirements specified in this Section 2.6 will be of no force and effect and shall be null and void ab initio.

Section 2.7 Definitive Registered Notes.

(a) The U.S. Trustee shall promptly exchange a Global Note deposited with the Depositary or with The Bank of New York Mellon, as Custodian pursuant to Section 2.1 of this Indenture for Definitive Registered Notes to be transferred to the beneficial owners thereof in an aggregate principal amount equal to the principal amount of such Global Note, in exchange for such Global Note, if (i) the Depositary notifies the Issuer that it is unwilling or unable to continue as a Depositary for such Global Note or if at any time the Depositary ceases to be a “clearing agency” registered under the Exchange Act and, in each case, a successor depositary is not appointed by the Issuer within 90 days of such notice or after the Issuer becomes aware of such cessation, or (ii) an Event of Default has occurred and is continuing and the Registrar has received a request from the Depositary or (iii) the Issuer, in its sole discretion and subject to the procedures of the Depositary, notifies the Trustees in writing that it elects to cause the issuance of Definitive Registered Notes under the Indenture.

(b) Any Global Note that is transferable to the beneficial owners thereof pursuant to this Section 2.7 shall be surrendered by the Depositary to the U.S. Trustee, to be so transferred, in whole or from time to time in part, without charge, and the U.S. Trustee shall authenticate and deliver, upon such transfer of each portion of such Global Note, an equal aggregate principal amount of Definitive Registered Notes of authorized denominations. Any portion of a Global Note transferred pursuant to this Section 2.7 shall be executed, authenticated and delivered only in denominations of $2,000 and integral multiples of $1,000 in excess thereof and registered in such names as the Depositary shall direct. Any certificated Note in the form of

 

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a Definitive Registered Note delivered in exchange for an interest in the Global Note shall, except as otherwise provided by Section 2.6(e), bear the Restricted Notes Legend.

(c) Subject to the provisions of Section 2.7(b) above, the registered Holder of a Global Note may grant proxies and otherwise authorize any Person, including Agent Members and Persons that may hold interests through Agent Members, to take any action which a Holder is entitled to take under the Indenture or the Notes.

(d) In the event of the occurrence of any of the events specified in Section 2.7(a)(i), (ii) or (iii), the Issuer shall promptly make available to the U.S. Trustee a reasonable supply of Definitive Registered Notes in fully registered form without interest coupons.

Section 2.8 Replacement Notes. If a mutilated Note is surrendered to the Registrar or if a Holder claims that the Note has been lost, destroyed or wrongfully taken, the Issuer shall issue and the U.S. Trustee shall authenticate a replacement Note if the requirements of Section 8-405 of the Uniform Commercial Code are met, such that the Holder (i) notifies the Issuer and the U.S. Trustee of such loss, destruction or wrongful taking within a reasonable time after such Holder has notice of such loss, destruction or wrongful taking and the Registrar does not register a transfer prior to receiving such notification, (ii) requests a replacement Note from the Issuer and the U.S. Trustee prior to the Note being acquired by a protected purchaser and (iii) satisfies any other reasonable requirements of the Issuer and the U.S. Trustee. If required by the U.S. Trustee or the Issuer, such Holder shall furnish an indemnity bond sufficient in the judgment of the Issuer and the U.S. Trustee to protect the Issuer, the U.S. Trustee, the Paying Agent, the Registrar and any co-registrar from any loss that any of them may suffer if a Note is replaced. The Issuer and the U.S. Trustee may charge the Holder for their expenses in replacing a Note.

Section 2.9 Outstanding Notes. Notes outstanding at any time are all Notes authenticated by the U.S. Trustee except for those canceled by it, those delivered to it for cancellation and those described in this Section 2.9 as not outstanding. A Note does not cease to be outstanding because the Issuer or an Affiliate of the Issuer holds the Note.

If a Note is replaced pursuant to Section 2.8, it ceases to be outstanding unless the Trustees and the Issuer receive proof satisfactory to them that the replaced Note is held by a bona fide purchaser.

If the Paying Agent segregates and holds in trust, in accordance with this Indenture, on a redemption date or maturity date money sufficient to pay all principal and interest payable on that date with respect to the Notes (or portions thereon) to be redeemed or maturing, as the case may be, and the Paying Agent is not prohibited from paying such money to the Holders on that date pursuant to the terms of this Indenture, then on and after that date such Notes (or portions thereof) cease to be outstanding and interest on them ceases to accrue.

Section 2.10 Temporary Notes. In the event that Definitive Registered Notes are to be issued under the terms of this Indenture, until such Definitive Registered Notes are ready for delivery, the Issuer may prepare and the U.S. Trustee, upon receipt of an Issuer Order,

 

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shall authenticate temporary Notes. Temporary Notes shall be substantially in the form of Definitive Registered Notes but may have variations that the Issuer considers appropriate for temporary Notes. Without unreasonable delay, the Issuer shall prepare and the U.S. Trustee shall authenticate Definitive Registered Notes and deliver them in exchange for temporary Notes upon surrender of such temporary Notes at the office or agency of the Issuer, without charge to the Holder.

Section 2.11 Defaulted Interest. If the Issuer defaults in payment of interest on the Notes, the Issuer will pay the defaulted interest (plus interest on such defaulted interest to the extent lawful) in any lawful manner. The Issuer may pay the defaulted interest to the Persons who are Holders on a subsequent special record date. The Issuer will fix or cause to be fixed any such special record date and payment date to the reasonable satisfaction of the Trustees and shall promptly mail or cause to be mailed to each Holder a notice that states the special record date, the payment date and the amount of defaulted interest to be paid.

Section 2.12 Cancellation. The Issuer at any time may deliver Notes to the U.S. Trustee for cancellation and the U.S. Trustee shall cancel such Notes in accordance with its customary procedures. The Registrar and the Paying Agent shall forward to the U.S. Trustee any Notes surrendered to them for registration of transfer, exchange or payment. The U.S. Trustee or, at the direction of the U.S. Trustee, the Registrar or the Paying Agent and no one else shall cancel and destroy (subject to the record retention requirements of the Exchange Act) all Notes surrendered for registration of transfer, exchange, payment or cancellation unless the Issuer directs the U.S. Trustee to deliver canceled Notes to the Issuer. The Issuer may not issue new Notes to replace Notes it has redeemed, paid or delivered to the U.S. Trustee for cancellation. The U.S. Trustee shall not authenticate Notes in place of canceled Notes other than pursuant to the terms of this Indenture.

Section 2.13 Additional Amounts.

(a) The Issuer, the Company and any Subsidiary Guarantor are required to make all payments under this Indenture or on the Notes free and clear of and without withholding or deduction for or on account of any present or future tax, duty, levy, impost, assessment or other governmental charge (including penalties, interest and other liabilities related thereto) (hereinafter “Taxes”) imposed or levied by or on behalf of the government of the country in which the Company, the Issuer or Subsidiary Guarantor and any successor thereof is organized or incorporated or any political subdivision or any authority or agency therein or thereof having power to tax, or any other jurisdiction in which the Company, the Issuer or any Subsidiary Guarantor is otherwise resident for tax purposes or the jurisdiction of any Paying Agent (each, a “Relevant Taxing Jurisdiction”), unless the Company, the Issuer or a Subsidiary Guarantor or Paying Agent is required to withhold or deduct Taxes by law or by the interpretation or administration thereof.

(b) If the Company, the Issuer or any Subsidiary Guarantor, or a Paying Agent is so required to withhold or deduct any amount for or on account of Taxes imposed by a Relevant Taxing Jurisdiction from any payment made under or with respect to the Notes, the Company, the Issuer or any Subsidiary Guarantor will be required to pay such additional amounts (“Additional Amounts”) with respect to the Notes as may be necessary so that the net

 

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amount received by any Holder or beneficial owner (including Additional Amounts) after such withholding or deduction will not be less than the amount such Holder or beneficial owner would have received if such Taxes had not been withheld or deducted; provided, however, that the foregoing obligation to pay Additional Amounts does not apply to:

(i) any Taxes that would not have been so imposed but for the existence of any present or former connection between the relevant Holder or beneficial owner and the Relevant Taxing Jurisdiction (including a connection between a fiduciary, settlor, beneficiary, partner, member or shareholder of, or possessor of power over, the relevant holder or beneficial owner, if the relevant holder or beneficial owner is an estate, nominee, trust, partnership or corporation, and the Relevant Taxing Jurisdiction) including, without limiting the generality of the foregoing, such Holder or beneficial owner (or such fiduciary, settlor, beneficiary, partner, member, shareholder, or possessor) of the Notes being or having been a citizen, resident, or national thereof or being or having been present or engaged in a trade or business therein or having or having had a permanent establishment therein;

(ii) any estate, inheritance, gift, sales, transfer or personal property tax or similar Taxes;

(iii) any withholding or deduction in respect of the Notes (a) presented for payment by or on behalf of a Holder or beneficial owner who would have been able to avoid such withholding or deduction by presenting the relevant note to any other paying agent, or (b) where the payment could have been made without such deduction or withholding if the beneficiary of the payment had presented the notes for payment within 30 days after the date on which such payment on the notes became due and payable or the date on which payment thereof is duly provided for, whichever is later (except to the extent that the holder or beneficial owner would have been entitled to Additional Amounts had the notes been presented on the last day of such 30-day period);

(iv) any Taxes imposed with respect to any payment of principal (or premium, if any) or interest on the Notes by the Company, the Issuer or any Subsidiary Guarantor to any Holder or beneficial owner who is a fiduciary or partnership or any Person other than the sole beneficial owner of such payment, to the extent that a beneficiary or settlor with respect to such fiduciary, a member of such a partnership or the beneficial owner of such payment would not have been entitled to the Additional Amounts had such beneficiary, settlor, member or beneficial owner been the actual Holder or beneficial owner of such Notes;

(v) any Taxes that are payable other than by deduction or withholding from payments made under or with respect to the Notes;

(vi) any Taxes that would not have been imposed but for the failure of the Holder and/or beneficial owner (a) to comply with the Company’s, the Issuer’s, the Subsidiary Guarantor’s or the Paying Agent’s

 

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request in writing at least 30 days before any withholding for such Taxes to the Holder to provide certification, documentation, information or other evidence concerning the nationality, residence, entitlement to treaty benefits, identity, direct or indirect ownership of or investment in the Notes, or connection with the Relevant Taxing Jurisdiction of the Holder and/or beneficial owner of such Notes, or (b) to make any valid or timely declaration or similar claim or satisfy any other reporting requirement or to provide any information relating to such matters, whether required or imposed by statute, treaty, regulation or administrative practice of the Relevant Taxing Jurisdiction, as a precondition to exemption from, or reduction in the rate of withholding or deduction of, Taxes imposed by the Relevant Taxing Jurisdiction;

(vii) with respect to any payment made by the Company or any Subsidiary Guarantor that is resident in Canada, or is a partnership any partner of which is resident in Canada, in each case, for purposes of Part XIII of the Income Tax Act (Canada), any Taxes that are required to be deducted or withheld from any payment under or in respect of the Notes as a consequence of the Holder or beneficial owner of Notes or the recipient of the interest payable on the Notes not dealing at arm’s length (within the meaning of the Income Tax Act (Canada)) with the Company or any Subsidiary Guarantor at the time of making any such payment;

(viii) with respect to any payment made by the Company or any Subsidiary Guarantor that is resident in Canada, or is a partnership any partner of which is resident in Canada, in each case, for purposes of Part XIII of the Income Tax Act (Canada), any Taxes that are required to be deducted or withheld from any payment under or in respect of the Notes as a consequence of the Holder or beneficial owner of the Notes being at any time a ‘‘specified non-resident shareholder’’ (within the meaning of subsection 18(5) of the Income Tax Act (Canada)) of the Company, the Issuer or any Subsidiary Guarantor or at any time not dealing at arm’s length (within the meaning of the Income Tax Act (Canada)) with a “specified shareholder” (within the meaning of subsection 18(5) of the Income Tax Act (Canada)) of the Company, the Issuer or any Subsidiary Guarantor or as a consequence of the payment being deemed to be a dividend under the Income Tax Act (Canada);

(ix) any Taxes payable under section 1471 through 1474 of the Code (or any successor or amended versions thereof), any regulations or other official guidance thereunder, or any agreement (including any intergovernmental agreement or any law implementing such governmental agreement) entered into in connection therewith (“FATCA”);

(x) any Taxes or penalties arising from the Holder’s or beneficial owner’s failure to comply with the Holder’s or beneficial owner’s obligations imposed under Part XVIII of the Income Tax Act (Canada), the Canada-United States Enhanced Tax Information Exchange Agreement Implementation Act (Canada) or the similar provisions of legislation of any other

 

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jurisdiction that has entered into an agreement with the United States of America to provide for the implementation of FATCA based reporting; or

(xi) any combination of, or any Taxes arising from a combination of the factors described in, (i) to (x) above.

(c) At least 30 calendar days prior to each date on which any payment under or with respect to the Notes is due and payable (unless such obligation to pay Additional Amounts arises shortly before or after the 30th day prior to such date, in which case it shall be promptly thereafter), if the Issuer, the Company or any Subsidiary Guarantor will be obligated to pay Additional Amounts with respect to such payment, the Issuer will deliver to the U.S. Trustee and paying agent for the affected Notes an Officers’ Certificate stating the fact that such Additional Amounts will be payable and the amounts so payable and will set forth such other information necessary to enable the U.S. Trustee or paying agent, as the case may be, to pay such Additional Amounts to Holders and beneficial owners of such Notes on the payment date. Each such Officers’ Certificate shall be relied upon until receipt of a further Officers’ Certificate addressing such matters.

(d) The Issuer, the Company or the applicable Subsidiary Guarantor will also (i) make such withholding or deduction and (ii) remit the full amount deducted or withheld to the relevant authority in accordance with applicable law. The Issuer will provide the U.S. Trustee with official receipts or, if notwithstanding the efforts of the Issuer official receipts are not obtainable, other documentation reasonably satisfactory to the U.S. Trustee, evidencing the payment of any Tax so deducted or withheld for each Relevant Taxing Jurisdiction imposing such Taxes. The Issuer will attach to each official receipt or other documentation a certificate stating (x) that the amount of such Tax evidenced by the official receipt or other documentation was paid in connection with payments in respect of the principal amount of such Notes then outstanding and (y) the amount of such Tax paid per $1,000 of principal amount of such Notes.

(e) Whenever reference is made in this Indenture, in any context, to (i) the payment of principal, (ii) redemption prices or purchase prices in connection with a redemption or purchase of Notes, (iii) interest or (iv) any other amount payable on or with respect to the Notes, such reference will be deemed to include payment of Additional Amounts as described under this heading to the extent that, in such context, Additional Amounts are or would be payable in respect thereof.

(f) The Issuer will pay any present or future stamp, court, documentary or other similar taxes, charges or levies that arise in any jurisdiction from the execution, delivery or registration of, or enforcement of rights under, this Indenture or any related document.

(g) The obligations described under this Section 2.13 will survive any termination, defeasance or discharge of this Indenture and will apply mutatis mutandis to any jurisdiction in which any successor Person to the Company or any Subsidiary Guarantor is organized or any political subdivision or taxing authority or agency thereof or therein.

(h) The Issuer, the Company and the Subsidiary Guarantors shall indemnify and hold harmless the Trustees for the amount of any Taxes in respect of which the

 

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Company, the Issuer or any Subsidiary Guarantor, is required to pay Additional Amounts pursuant to Section 2.13(b) that are levied or imposed and paid by the Trustees as a result of payments made under or with respect to the Notes, the Company Guarantee or any Subsidiary Guarantee, including any reimbursements under this clause 2.13(h).

Section 2.14 CUSIP Numbers. The Issuer in issuing the Notes may use “CUSIP” numbers, ISINs and “Common Code” numbers (in each case if then generally in use) and, if so, the U.S. Trustee shall use “CUSIP” numbers, ISINs and “Common Code” numbers in notices of redemption as a convenience to Holders; provided, however, that any such notice may state that no representation is made as to the correctness of such numbers either as printed on the Notes or as contained in any notice of a redemption and that reliance may be placed only on the other identification numbers printed on the Notes, and any such redemption shall not be affected by any defect in or omission of such numbers. The Issuer will advise the U.S. Trustee in writing of any change in any “CUSIP” numbers, ISINs or “Common Code” numbers applicable to the Notes.

Section 2.15 Issuance of Additional Notes. After the Issue Date, the Issuer will be entitled to issue Additional Notes under this Indenture, which Notes shall have identical terms as the Notes issued on the Issue Date, other than with respect to the date of issuance, issue price, original interest accrual date and original interest payment date. All the Notes issued under this Indenture shall be treated as a single class for all purposes of this Indenture including waivers, amendments, redemptions and offers to purchase; provided, however, that unless such Additional Notes are issued under a separate CUSIP, either such Additional Notes shall be part of the same “issue” for U.S. Federal income tax purposes or shall be issued pursuant to a “qualified reopening” for U.S. Federal income tax purposes.

With respect to any Additional Notes, the Issuer will set forth in a resolution of the Board of Directors and an Officers’ Certificate, a copy of each which shall be delivered to the Trustees, the following information:

(a) the aggregate principal amount of such Additional Notes to be authenticated and delivered pursuant to this Indenture; and

(b) the issue price, the issue date and the CUSIP number of such Additional Notes.

Section 2.16 Computation of Interest .

(a) Interest shall be computed on the basis of a 360-day year comprised of twelve 30-day months.

(b) For purposes of the Interest Act (Canada), whenever any interest or fee under the Notes or this Indenture is calculated using a rate based on a number of days less than a full year, such rate determined pursuant to such calculation, when expressed as an annual rate, is equivalent to (x) the applicable rate, (y) multiplied by the actual number of days in the calendar year in which the period for which such interest or fee is payable (or compounded) ends, and (z) divided by the number of days based on which such rate is calculated. The principle of deemed reinvestment of interest does not apply to any interest calculation under the Notes or

 

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this Indenture. The rates of interest stipulated in the notes and this Indenture are intended to be nominal rates and not effective rates or yields.

(c) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary herein, the Trustees shall not have any duty or obligation to calculate any interest, defaulted interest or premium on or with respect to the Notes.

ARTICLE 3

REDEMPTION

Section 3.1 Notices to the Trustees. If the Issuer elects to redeem Notes pursuant to Section 5 of the Notes, it shall notify the Trustees in writing of the redemption date and the principal amount of Notes to be redeemed.

The Issuer shall give each notice to the Trustees provided for in this Section 3.1 at least 10 days before the redemption date unless the Trustees consent to a shorter period. Such notice shall be accompanied by an Officers’ Certificate and an Opinion of Counsel from the Issuer to the effect that such redemption shall comply with the conditions herein. Any such notice may be canceled by written notice of the Issuer to the Trustees at any time prior to notice of such redemption being mailed to any Holder pursuant to Section 3.4 and shall thereby be void and of no effect.

Section 3.2 Selection of Notes To Be Redeemed. If fewer than all the Notes are to be redeemed, selection of the Notes for redemption will be made in compliance with the requirements of the principal national securities exchange, if any, on which the Notes are listed or, if the Notes are not listed but are in global form, then by lot or otherwise in accordance with the procedures of the Depositary or if the Notes are not listed and not in global form on a pro rata basis, by lot, although no note of $2,000 in original principal amount or less will be redeemed in part.

Notes and portions of them selected for redemption shall be in principal amounts of $2,000 or a whole multiple of $1,000 in excess thereof, to the extent practicable. The Issuer will redeem Notes in principal amounts of $2,000 or less in whole and not in part. Provisions of this Indenture that apply to Notes called for redemption also apply to portions of Notes called for redemption. If the Notes are being redeemed other than on a pro rata basis, the U.S. Trustee shall notify the Issuer promptly of the Notes or portions of Notes to be redeemed.

Section 3.3 Effect of Notice of Redemption. Once a notice of redemption has been sent under Section 3.4, Notes that are to be redeemed in accordance with such notice and the terms of this Article 3 shall become due and payable on the redemption date; subject to the satisfaction of any conditions in connection with the redemption. With respect to registered Notes issued in global form, the principal amount of such Note or Notes will be adjusted in accordance with the Applicable Procedures. Upon surrender to the Paying Agent, such Notes shall be paid under the terms stated in Section 3.6; provided that if the redemption date is after a record date for the payment of interest and on or prior to the related Interest Payment Date, the

 

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accrued interest shall be payable to the Holder of the redeemed Notes registered on the relevant record date.

Section 3.4 Notice of Redemption.

(a) At least 10 days but not more than 60 days before a date for redemption of Notes, the Issuer will mail (in the case of Definitive Registered Notes) a notice of redemption by first-class mail (or otherwise deliver in accordance with the applicable procedures of the Depositary) to each Holder of Notes to be redeemed at such Holder’s registered address, except that redemption notices may be mailed (or otherwise delivered in accordance with the applicable procedures of the Depositary) more than 60 days prior to the redemption date if the notice is issued in connection with a defeasance of the Notes or a satisfaction and discharge of this Indenture. Any inadvertent defect in the notice of redemption, including an inadvertent failure to give notice, to any Holder selected for redemption shall not impair or affect the validity of the redemption of any other Note redeemed in accordance with the provisions of this Indenture.

The notice shall identify the Notes to be redeemed and shall state:

(i) the redemption date;

(ii) the redemption price and the amount of accrued interest to the redemption date;

(iii) the name and address of the Paying Agent;

(iv) that Notes called for redemption must be surrendered to the Paying Agent to collect the redemption price;

(v) if fewer than all the outstanding Notes are to be redeemed (and if other than on a pro rata basis), the identification numbers and principal amounts (which amounts may be stated as a ratio of the amount to be redeemed per $1,000 principal amount outstanding) of the particular Notes to be redeemed;

(vi) that, unless the Issuer defaults in making such redemption payment, interest on Notes (or portion thereof) called for redemption ceases to accrue on and after the redemption date;

(vii) the “CUSIP” number, ISIN or “Common Code” number, if any, printed on the Notes being redeemed;

(viii) that no representation is made as to the correctness or accuracy of the “CUSIP” number, ISIN or “Common Code” number, if any, listed in such notice or printed on the Notes; and

(ix) the conditions, if any, applicable to such redemption.

 

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(b) At the Issuer’s request, upon written notice provided to the U.S. Trustee at least 10 days (unless a shorter period is satisfactory to the U.S. Trustee) prior to the date the redemption notice must be given to the Holders, the U.S. Trustee shall give the notice of redemption in the Issuer’s name and at the Issuer’s expense. In such event, the Issuer will provide the U.S. Trustee with the information required by this Section 3.4 and a copy of the proposed notice of redemption to be mailed to the Holders.

(c) Any redemption may, at the Issuer’s discretion, be subject to one or more conditions precedent, which will be set forth in the related notice of redemption, including, but not limited to, completion of a Qualified Equity Offering, other offering or financing or other transaction or event. In addition, if such redemption is subject to satisfaction of one or more conditions precedent, such notice will describe each such condition, and if applicable, will state that, in the Company’s discretion, the redemption date may be delayed until such time (provided, however, that any redemption date will not be more than 60 days after the date of the notice of redemption) as any or all such conditions will be satisfied, or such redemption may not occur and such notice may be rescinded in the event that any or all such conditions will not have been satisfied by the redemption date, or by the redemption date as so delayed. If any such condition precedent has not been satisfied, the Company will provide written notice to the Trustees prior to the close of business one Business Day prior to the redemption date. Upon receipt of such notice, the notice of redemption shall be rescinded or delayed, and the redemption of the Notes shall be rescinded or delayed as provided in such notice. Upon receipt, the U.S. Trustee shall provide such notice to each Holder of the Notes in the same manner in which the notice of redemption was given.

Section 3.5 Tax Redemption. The Notes may be redeemed, at the option of the Issuer, in whole but not in part, at any time upon giving not less than 15 nor more than 60 days’ written notice to the Holders (which notice shall be irrevocable) in accordance with Section 3.4 hereof, at a redemption price equal to 100% of the principal amount thereof, plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to the date fixed by the Company for redemption (the ‘‘Tax Redemption Date’’) if, as a result of (a) any change in, or amendment to, the laws or treaties (or any regulations or rulings promulgated thereunder) of a Relevant Taxing Jurisdiction affecting taxation (including a proposed change or amendment that, if enacted, will be effective prior to the enactment date) or (b) any change in the existing official position regarding the application, administration or interpretation of such laws, treaties, regulations or rulings (including a holding, judgment or order by a court of competent jurisdiction), which change, amendment, application, administration or interpretation is announced or becomes effective on or after the Issue Date, the Issuer, the Company or any Subsidiary Guarantor, as the case may be, is, or on the next interest payment date would be, required to pay any Additional Amounts with respect to any payment due or becoming due under the Notes or this Indenture and such requirement cannot be avoided by the taking of reasonable measures by the Issuer, the Company or a Subsidiary Guarantor, as determined in good faith by the relevant Board of Directors. Prior to the publication and mailing of any notice of redemption of the notes pursuant to this Section 3.5, the Issuer will deliver to the Trustees an Opinion of Counsel reasonably acceptable to the Trustees and setting forth in reasonable detail the circumstances giving rise to such right of redemption pursuant to clause (a) or (b) above. The provisions described under this Section 3.5 will survive any termination, defeasance or discharge of this Indenture and will apply mutatis mutandis to any jurisdiction in which any successor Person to the Issuer is organized or any political subdivision or taxing

 

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authority or agency thereof or therein. Any Notes that are redeemed pursuant to this Section 3.5 shall be cancelled.

Section 3.6 Deposit of Redemption Price. On or prior to 10:00 a.m. New York City time on the relevant redemption date, the Issuer will deposit with the Paying Agent (or, if the Issuer or a wholly owned Subsidiary is the Paying Agent, shall segregate and hold in trust) money sufficient to pay the redemption price of and accrued interest, and Applicable Premium, if any, on all Notes or portions thereof to be redeemed on that date other than Notes or portions of Notes called for redemption that have been delivered by the Issuer to the U.S. Trustee for cancellation. On and after the redemption date, interest shall cease to accrue on Notes or portions thereof called for redemption so long as the Issuer has deposited with the Paying Agent funds sufficient to pay the principal of, plus accrued and unpaid interest, and Applicable Premium, if any, on, the Notes to be redeemed, unless the Paying Agent is prohibited from making such payment pursuant to the terms of this Indenture.

Section 3.7 Notes Redeemed in Part. Upon surrender of a Note that is redeemed in part, if such Note is in certificated form, the Issuer shall execute and the Trustees shall authenticate for the Holder (at the Issuer’s expense) a new Note equal in principal amount to the unredeemed portion of the Note surrendered.

ARTICLE 4

COVENANTS

Section 4.1 Payment of Notes. The Issuer shall promptly pay the principal of and interest, and Applicable Premium, if any, on the Notes on the dates and in the manner provided in the Notes and in this Indenture. Principal, interest, and Applicable Premium, if any, shall be considered paid on the date due if on such date the U.S. Trustee or the Paying Agent holds in accordance with this Indenture money sufficient to pay all principal and interest then due and the U.S. Trustee or the Paying Agent, as the case may be, is not prohibited from paying such money to the Holders on that date pursuant to the terms of this Indenture.

The Issuer shall pay interest on overdue principal at the rate specified in the Notes to the extent lawful, and it shall pay interest on overdue installments of interest and overdue Applicable Premium, if any, at the same rate to the extent lawful.

Section 4.2 Reports.

(a) Whether or not the Company is subject to the reporting requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act, the Company will provide the Trustees and the Holders with:

(i) within 90 days after the end of each fiscal year, all financial information that would be required to be contained in an annual report on Form 10-K, Form 40-F or Form 20-F, or any successor or comparable form, filed with the SEC, including a “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” section and a report on the annual

 

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financial statements by the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm;

(ii) within 45 days after the end of each of the first three fiscal quarters of each fiscal year, all financial information that would be required to be contained in a quarterly report on Form 10-Q or Form 6-K, or any successor or comparable form, filed with the SEC, including, whether or not required, unaudited quarterly financial statements (which will include at least a balance sheet, income statement and cash flow statement) and a “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” section; and

(iii) within the later of 4 Business Days and the applicable number of days specified in the SEC’s rules and regulations, all current reports that would be required to be filed with the SEC on Form 8-K, or any successor or comparable form, if the Company were required to file such reports,

in each case in a manner that complies in all material respects with the requirements specified in such form.

(b) In addition, to the extent not satisfied by the foregoing, for so long as any Notes are outstanding, the Company shall furnish to Holders, securities analysts and prospective purchasers of the Notes, upon their request, the information required to be delivered pursuant to Rule 144A(d)(4) under the Securities Act. The reports required by this covenant need not include any separate financial statements of the Issuer or the Subsidiary Guarantors or information required by Rule 3-10 or 3-16 of Regulation S-X (or any successor regulations). The delivery to the Trustees and the Holders by electronic means or the filing of documents pursuant to the SEC’s EDGAR system (or any successor electronic filing system) shall be deemed to be provided to the Trustees and the Holders as of the time such documents are filed via the EDGAR system for purposes of this covenant The requirements set forth in Section 4.2(a), this Section 4.2(b) and Section 4.2(c) may be satisfied by posting copies of such information on a website (which may be nonpublic and may be maintained by the Company or a third party) to which access is given to the Trustees, Holders and prospective purchasers of the Notes. The Trustees shall have no responsibility whatsoever to determine if such filings have been made. The Trustees shall not be deemed to have constructive notice of any information contained, or determinable from information contained, in any reports referred to above, including the Company’s or the Issuer’s compliance with any of its covenants in this Indenture (as to which the Trustees are entitled to rely exclusively on Officers’ Certificates). Neither of the Trustees shall be obligated to monitor or confirm, on a continuing basis or otherwise, the Issuer’s, the Company’s, any Subsidiary Guarantor’s or any other Person’s compliance with the covenants described herein or with respect to any reports or other documents filed under this Indenture.

(c) If any of the Company’s Subsidiaries is not a Subsidiary Guarantor, other than the Issuer, and such Subsidiaries, either individually or collectively, would constitute 10% of the Consolidated EBITDA of the Company and its Subsidiaries for any fiscal year or 10% of the total assets of the Company and its Subsidiaries (as set forth on the most recent

 

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consolidated balance sheet of the Company and its Subsidiaries), within the time period specified in Section 4.2(a) for annual reports, the Company shall provide to the Trustees and the Holders, financial information with respect to such Subsidiaries that are not Subsidiary Guarantors collectively consistent with the financial information included in the Offering Memorandum with respect to Subsidiaries that are not Subsidiary Guarantors.

(d) In the event that any direct or indirect parent company of the Company becomes a guarantor of the Notes, the Company may satisfy its obligations under this Section 4.2 to provide consolidated financial information of the Company by furnishing consolidated financial information relating to such parent and the Company in the manner prescribed in Sections 4.2(a) and (b); provided that (i) such financial statements are accompanied by consolidating financial information for such parent and the Company in the manner prescribed by the SEC or (ii) such parent is not engaged in any business in any material respect other than such activities as are incidental to its ownership, directly or indirectly, of the Capital Stock of the Company.

(e) Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, the Company shall not be deemed to have failed to comply with its obligations under this Section 4.2 until 60 days after the date any report or other information is due hereunder.

(f) The Issuer is a consolidated subsidiary of the Company and the Issuer is not subject to any separate reporting requirements.

Section 4.3 Compliance Certificate. The Issuer shall deliver to the Trustees within 120 days after the end of each fiscal year of the Issuer an Officers’ Certificate to the effect that a review of its activities and the activities of its Subsidiaries during the preceding fiscal year has been made under the supervision of the signing Officers with a view to determining whether the Issuer has kept, observed, performed and fulfilled its obligations under this Indenture and further stating, as to each Officer signing such certificate, whether or not the signer knows of any failure by the Issuer or any Subsidiary of the Issuer to comply with any conditions or covenants in this Indenture, and, if such signer does know of such a failure to comply, the certificate shall describe such failure with particularity and describe what actions, if any, the Issuer proposes to take with respect to such failure.

Section 4.4 [Reserved].

Section 4.5 Limitation on Liens.

(a) Except as provided in Section 4.5(b), neither the Company, the Issuer nor any of the Subsidiary Guarantors may create, incur, assume or otherwise have outstanding any Lien, upon any Principal Property belonging to the Company, the Issuer or to any of the Subsidiary Guarantors, or upon the shares of capital stock or debt of any of the Company, the Issuer or Subsidiary Guarantors held directly by the Company, the Issuer or any Subsidiary Guarantor, whether such Principal Property, shares or debt are owned by the Company, the Issuer or the Subsidiary Guarantors on the Issue Date or acquired in the future, to secure any Indebtedness of the Company, the Issuer or any of the Subsidiary Guarantors.

 

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(b) The Company, the Issuer or any Subsidiary Guarantor may create, Incur, assume or otherwise have outstanding any Lien to secure Indebtedness if the Notes (including any Additional Notes) or the relevant Subsidiary Guarantee, as the case may be, shall be secured by a Lien equally and ratably with or in priority to the Lien securing the new Indebtedness, so long as such new Indebtedness shall be so secured. In this event, the Company, the Issuer and the Subsidiary Guarantors may also provide that any of its other Indebtedness, including Indebtedness guaranteed by the Company, the Issuer, or by any other Subsidiary of the Company, shall be secured equally with or in priority to the new Indebtedness. In addition, the restrictions on creating, Incurring, assuming or having outstanding any Lien in Section 4.5(a) shall not apply to:

(i) Liens securing Indebtedness of the Company, the Issuer or any other Subsidiary of the Company under any Credit Facilities (including, for the avoidance of doubt, the Senior Credit Facilities) in an aggregate principal amount at any one time outstanding not to exceed the greater of (A) $2.25 billion and (B) 175% of the Consolidated EBITDA of the Company for the most recently completed Measurement Period on or prior to the date of determination (it being understood that, in determining whether Liens securing additional indebtedness may be incurred under this clause (i), the principal amount of indebtedness that would be outstanding under this clause (i) after giving effect to such incurrence shall include any indebtedness secured by Liens incurred and outstanding pursuant to clause (vii) in refinancing, extending, renewing, altering and replacing liens originally incurred and outstanding under subclause (B) of this clause (i) (or refinancing, extensions, renewals, alterations or replacements thereof);

(ii) Liens in favor of the Company, the Issuer or any other Subsidiary of the Company;

(iii) Liens on property or assets (plus improvements, accessions or proceeds thereon) to secure all or part of the cost of acquiring, substantially repairing or altering, constructing, developing or substantially improving such property or assets, or to secure indebtedness incurred to provide funds for any such purpose or for reimbursement of funds previously expended for any such purpose, provided the commitment of the creditor to extend the credit secured by any such Lien shall have been obtained not later than 360 days after the later of (A) the completion of the acquisition, substantial repair or alteration, construction, development or substantial improvement of such property or assets or (B) the placing in operation of such property or assets or of such property or assets as so substantially repaired or altered, constructed, developed or substantially improved;

(iv) Liens existing on property or assets at the time of its acquisition or existing on property or assets of a Person at the time such Person is merged into, amalgamated with or consolidated with the Company, the Issuer or any other Subsidiary of the Company or becomes a Subsidiary of the Company or the Issuer; provided that such Liens were not created in contemplation of such

 

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acquisition, merger, amalgamation, consolidation or investment and do not extend to any property or assets other than such acquired property or assets or those of the Person merged into, amalgamated with or consolidated with the Company, the Issuer or such Subsidiary or acquired by the Company, the Issuer or such Subsidiary (plus improvements, accessions, proceeds or dividends or distributions in respect thereof);

(v) any Lien required to be given or granted by any Subsidiary of the Company pursuant to the terms of any agreement entered into by such Subsidiary prior to the date on which it became a Subsidiary; provided that any such Lien does not extend to any other property or asset, other than improvements, accessions or proceeds in respect of the property or asset subject to such Lien;

(vi) Liens existing as of the Issue Date (including Liens on improvements, accessions or proceeds in respect of property or assets secured by such Liens as of the Issue Date and on after-acquired property or assets required to be secured pursuant to the terms of the relevant Indebtedness on the Issue Date), other than Liens securing indebtedness and other obligations of the Company, the Issuer or any other Subsidiary of the Company under the Senior Credit Facilities;

(vii) extensions, renewals, alterations, refinancings or replacements of any Lien referred to in the preceding clauses (i)B and (iii) through (vi) above; provided, however, that (A) the principal amount of Indebtedness secured thereby shall not exceed the principal amount of Indebtedness so secured at the time of such extension, renewal, alteration or replacement plus accrued and unpaid interest thereon together with any reasonable fees, premiums (including tender premiums) and expenses relating to such extension, renewal, alteration or replacement and (B) such extension, renewal, alteration refinancing or replacement shall be limited to all or a part of the property or assets whether now existing or hereafter acquired which secured the Lien so extended, renewed, altered or replaced (plus improvements, accessions or proceeds in respect of such property or assets and after-acquired property or assets required to be secured pursuant to the terms of such Indebtedness);

(viii) landlords’, carriers’, warehousemen’s, mechanics’, materialmen’s, repairmen’s or other like Liens, arising in the ordinary course of business securing Obligations which are not overdue for a period of more than 60 days or which are being contested in good faith and by appropriate proceedings diligently conducted, if adequate reserves with respect thereto are maintained on the books of the applicable Person to the extent required under GAAP;

(ix) Liens attaching to cash earnest money deposits in connection with any letter of intent or purchase agreement permitted hereunder

 

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and Liens on cash deposits held in escrow accounts pursuant to the terms of any purchase agreement permitted hereunder;

(x) Liens securing Hedging Obligations not entered into for speculative purposes and letters of credit entered into in the ordinary course of business;

(xi) banker’s liens, rights of setoff and other similar Liens that are customary in the banking industry and existing solely with respect to cash and other amounts on deposit in one or more accounts (including securities accounts and cash management arrangements) maintained by the Company, the Issuer or any other Subsidiary of the Company;

(xii) pledges or deposits in the ordinary course of business in connection with workers’ compensation, unemployment insurance and other social security legislation;

(xiii) deposits to secure the performance of tenders, bids, trade contracts and leases, statutory or regulatory obligations, surety bonds, insurance obligations, performance bonds and other obligations of a like nature incurred in the ordinary course of business;

(xiv) minor defects or minor imperfections in title and zoning, land use and similar restrictions and easements, rights-of-way, restrictions and other similar encumbrances affecting real property which, in the aggregate, do not materially detract from the value of the property subject thereto or materially interfere with the ordinary conduct of the business of the applicable Person;

(xv) Liens securing judgments not constituting an Event of Default under Section 6.1(i), or securing appeal or other surety bonds related to such judgments;

(xvi) Liens for taxes, assessments or other governmental charges or levies not yet due or, which are being contested in good faith and by appropriate proceedings diligently conducted, if adequate reserves with respect thereto are maintained on the books of the applicable Person in accordance with GAAP;

(xvii) leases, licenses, subleases or sublicenses granted to other Persons in the ordinary course of business which do not (A) interfere in any material respect with the business of the Company, the Issuer, or any other Subsidiary of the Company or (B) secure any indebtedness for borrowed money;

(xviii) any interest or title of (A) a lessor or sublessor under any lease or sublease or (B) a licensor or sublicensor under any license or sublicense, in each case entered into in the ordinary course of business, so long as such interest or title relate solely to the property or assets subject thereto;

 

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(xix) Liens of a collecting bank arising under Section 4-208 (or its equivalent) of the Uniform Commercial Code of any applicable jurisdiction on items in the course of collection and documents and proceeds related thereto;

(xx) Liens arising from precautionary filings of financing statements under the Uniform Commercial Code of any applicable jurisdiction in respect of operating leases or consignments entered into by the Company, the Issuer, or any other Subsidiary of the Company in the ordinary course of business;

(xxi) Liens on insurance policies and the proceeds thereof securing the financing of the premiums with respect thereto;

(xxii) Liens arising out of conditional sale, title retention, consignment or similar arrangements for sales of goods entered into by the Company, the Issuer, or any other Subsidiary of the Company in the ordinary course of business;

(xxiii) Liens in favor of customs and revenue authorities arising as a matter of law to secure payment of customs duties in connection with the importation of goods;

(xxiv) Liens encumbering reasonable customary initial deposits and margin deposits and similar Liens attaching to commodity trading accounts or other brokerage accounts incurred in the ordinary course of business and not for speculative purposes; and

(xxv) other Liens (including successive extensions, renewals, alterations or replacements thereof) not excepted by clauses (i) through (xxiv) above; provided that after giving effect thereto, Exempted Debt does not exceed the greater of (A) $150.0 million and (B) an amount such that, after giving effect to such other Liens, the Secured Net Debt Ratio does not exceed 2.75 to 1.0, after giving effect to such Incurrence and the application of the proceeds therefrom.

(c) In the event that a Lien meets the criteria of more than one of the clauses of Section 4.5(b), the Issuer, in its sole discretion, shall be permitted to classify such Lien (or portion thereof) at the time of its Incurrence in any manner that complies with this Section 4.5. In addition, any Lien (or portion thereof) originally classified as Incurred pursuant to any clause of Section 4.5(b) may later be reclassified by the Issuer, in its sole discretion, such that it (or any portion thereof) shall be deemed to be Incurred pursuant to any other of such clauses to the extent that such reclassified Lien (or portion thereof) could be Incurred pursuant to such clause at the time of such reclassification.

(d) For purposes of this Section 4.5:

(i) accrual of interest, accrual of dividends, the accretion of accreted value or original issue discount, the amortization of debt discount and

 

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the payment of interest in the form of additional Indebtedness will not be deemed to be an Incurrence of the Indebtedness secured by the relevant Lien;

(ii) in determining compliance with any U.S. dollar-denominated restriction on the securing of Indebtedness, the U.S. dollar-equivalent principal amount of Indebtedness denominated in a foreign currency shall be calculated based upon the relevant currency exchange rate in effect on the date such Indebtedness was Incurred;

(iii) the maximum amount of Indebtedness that the Company, the Issuer, or any other Subsidiary of the Company may secure shall not be deemed to be exceeded solely as a result of fluctuations in the exchange rate of currencies; and

(iv) the Company may elect, at any time, with respect to any revolving indebtedness that is secured by any relevant Liens, to either (A) give pro forma effect to the Incurrence of the entire committed amount of such indebtedness at such time, in which case, if the securing of the Incurrence of such entire amount by any relevant Liens would be permitted under clauses (i) or (xxv) of Section 4.5(b) at such time after giving such pro forma effect, such committed amount may thereafter be borrowed or reborrowed and secured by such relevant Liens pursuant to such clauses (i) or (xxv) of Section 4.5(b), in whole or in part, from time to time, without re-testing compliance, or (B) give pro forma effect to the Incurrence of the amount drawn at such time under such revolving indebtedness in which case, if the securing of the Incurrence of such drawn amount by any relevant Liens would be permitted under clauses (i) or (xxv) of Section 4.5(b) at such time after giving such pro forma effect, such drawn amount may thereafter be borrowed or reborrowed and secured by such relevant Liens pursuant to such clauses (i) or (xxv) of Section 4.5(b), in whole or in part, from time to time, without re-testing compliance; provided that, at any time, such entire committed amount, in the case of an election pursuant to clause (A), or such drawn amount, in the case of an election pursuant to clause (B), will be deemed to be outstanding under such clauses (i) or (xxv) for all purposes. The Company may revoke an election pursuant to this paragraph at any time, at which time the entire drawn outstanding amount of such revolving indebtedness will be deemed to be Incurred and secured by any relevant Liens at such time.

Section 4.6 Limitation on Sale/Leaseback Transactions.

(a) Neither the Company, the Issuer nor any of the Subsidiary Guarantors may engage in a transaction with any Person (other than the Company, the Issuer or a Subsidiary Guarantor) providing for the leasing by the Company, the Issuer or any Subsidiary Guarantor of any Principal Property of the Company, the Issuer or a Subsidiary Guarantor or any property which together with any other property subject to the same transaction or series of related transactions would in the aggregate constitute a Principal Property of the Company, the Issuer or a Subsidiary Guarantor (a “Sale/Leaseback Transaction”), unless the net proceeds of the

 

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sale or transfer of the property to be leased are at least equal to the fair market value of such property and unless:

(i) this Indenture would have allowed the Company, the Issuer or any of the Subsidiary Guarantors to create a Lien on such Principal Property to secure debt in an amount at least equal to the Attributable Debt in respect of such Sale/Leaseback Transaction without securing the Notes pursuant to the terms of Section 4.5; or

(ii) within 360 days, the Company, the Issuer or any Subsidiary Guarantor applies an amount equal to the net proceeds of such sale or transfer to:

(A) the voluntary retirement of any Indebtedness of the Company or its Subsidiaries maturing by its terms more than one year from the date of issuance, assumption or guarantee thereof, which is senior to or ranks equally with the Notes in right of payment and owing to a Person other than the Company or any Affiliate of the Company; or

(B) the purchase of additional property that will constitute or form a part of Principal Property and which has a fair market value at least equal to the net proceeds of such sale or transfer.

(b) Notwithstanding Section 4.6(a) above, the Company, the Issuer or any Subsidiary Guarantor may enter into a Sale/Leaseback Transaction which would otherwise be subject to the restrictions of Section 4.6(a) above so as to create an aggregate amount of Attributable Debt after giving effect thereto that does not, together with all Exempted Debt, exceed the greater of (A) $150.0 million and (B) an amount such that, after giving effect to such other Attributable Debt, the Secured Net Debt Ratio does not exceed 2.75 to 1.0, after giving effect to such Incurrence and the application of the proceeds therefrom.

(c) Section 4.6(a) does not apply to transactions:

(i) involving a lease which will not exceed three years, including renewals (or which may be terminated by the Company, the Issuer or the applicable Subsidiary Guarantor within a period of not more than three years);

(ii) involving a lease of Principal Property executed by the time of, or within 12 months after, the latest of the acquisition, completion of construction, or commencement of operations of such Principal Property;

(iii) that were for the sale and leasing back to the Company, the Issuer or a Subsidiary any Principal Property; or

(iv) that were entered into prior to, or within 12 months of, the Issue Date.

 

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(d) For purposes of this Section 4.6:

(i) in determining compliance with any U.S. dollar-denominated restriction on the entering into of any Sale/Leaseback Transaction, the U.S. dollar-equivalent principal amount of Attributable Debt denominated in a foreign currency shall be calculated based upon the relevant currency exchange rate in effect on the date such Attributable Debt in respect of such Sale/Leaseback Transaction was Incurred; and

(ii) the maximum amount of Attributable Debt that the Company or any of its Subsidiaries may Incur in respect of any Sale/Leaseback Transaction shall not be deemed to be exceeded solely as a result of fluctuations in the exchange rate of currencies.

Section 4.7 Limitation on Non-Guarantor Subsidiary Debt.

(a) The Company shall not cause or permit any of its Subsidiaries, other than the Issuer, that is not a Subsidiary Guarantor (i) to guarantee the obligations of, or become a co-borrower with, the Company, the Issuer or any Subsidiary Guarantor, under any Credit Facility of the Company, the Issuer or any Subsidiary Guarantor or (ii) to create, assume, Incur or issue any Material Indebtedness or guarantee any Material Indebtedness of the Company, the Issuer or another Subsidiary Guarantor, unless, in the case of clause (i) or (ii), within 30 days thereof, the Company causes such Subsidiary to become a Subsidiary Guarantor by executing and delivering a Guarantee Agreement.

(b) Clause (ii) of Section 4.7(a) shall not apply to the following items of Indebtedness:

(i) Indebtedness existing as of the Issue Date and refinancing or replacement Indebtedness in respect thereof so long as the principal amount thereof does not exceed the principal amount of the Indebtedness being refinanced or replaced plus accrued and unpaid interest thereon together with any reasonable fees, premiums (including tender premiums) and expenses relating to such refinancing or replacement;

(ii) Indebtedness of a Person existing at the time such Person is merged with or into, amalgamated with, or is consolidated into, a Subsidiary of the Company, or which is assumed by a Subsidiary of the Company in connection with an acquisition of substantially all the assets of such Person, so long as such Indebtedness was not created in anticipation of such merger, amalgamation, consolidation or acquisition, and refinancing or replacement Indebtedness in respect thereof, so long as the principal amount thereof does not exceed the principal amount of the Indebtedness being refinanced or replaced plus accrued and unpaid interest thereon together with any reasonable fees, premiums (including tender premiums) and expenses relating to such refinancing or replacement;

 

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(iii) Indebtedness of a Person existing at the time such Person becomes a Subsidiary of the Company, so long as such Indebtedness was not incurred in anticipation of such Person becoming a Subsidiary of the Company, and refinancing or replacement Indebtedness in respect thereof, so long as the principal amount thereof does not exceed the principal amount of the Indebtedness being refinanced or replaced plus accrued and unpaid interest thereon together with any reasonable fees, premiums (including tender premiums) and expenses relating to such refinancing or replacement;

(iv) purchase money obligations and refinancing or replacement Indebtedness in respect thereof, so long as the principal amount thereof does not exceed the principal amount of the Indebtedness being refinanced or replaced plus accrued and unpaid interest thereon together with any reasonable fees, premiums (including tender premiums) and expenses relating to such refinancing or replacement;

(v) Indebtedness of the Company or the Issuer owing to and held by any Subsidiary of the Company or Indebtedness of a Subsidiary of the Company owing to and held by the Company, the Issuer or any other Subsidiary of the Company;

(vi) Indebtedness owed in respect of any overdrafts and related liabilities arising from treasury, depository and cash management services, pooling arrangements or in connection with any automated clearinghouse transfers of funds; provided that such Indebtedness shall be repaid in full within five Business Days of the incurrence thereof;

(vii) Indebtedness in respect of letters of credit, bank guarantees and similar instruments issued for the account of any Subsidiary of the Company in the ordinary course of business supporting obligations under (i) workers’ compensation, unemployment insurance and other social security legislation and (ii) tenders, bids, trade contracts, leases (other than capitalized lease obligations or synthetic lease obligations), statutory or regulatory obligations, surety bonds, insurance obligations, performance bonds and other obligations of a like nature;

(viii) Hedging Obligations entered into other than for speculative purposes and the financing of insurance premiums; and

(ix) Indebtedness not excepted by clauses (i) through (viii) above in an amount in the aggregate at any time outstanding not to exceed the greater of (i) $300.0 million and (ii) 30% of Consolidated EBITDA for the most recently completed Measurement Period on or prior to the date of determination.

(c) In the event that Indebtedness meets the criteria of more than one of the clauses of Section 4.7(b), the Issuer, in its sole discretion, shall be permitted to classify such

 

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Indebtedness (or portion thereof) at the time of its Incurrence in any manner that complies with this covenant. In addition, any Indebtedness (or portion thereof) originally classified as Incurred pursuant to any clause of Section 4.7(b) may later be reclassified by the Issuer, in its sole discretion, such that it (or any portion thereof) will be deemed to be Incurred pursuant to any other clause of Section 4.7(b) to the extent that such reclassified Indebtedness (or portion thereof) could be Incurred pursuant to such clause at the time of such reclassification.

(d) Indebtedness Incurred under any clause of Section 4.7(b) by a Subsidiary that subsequently becomes a Subsidiary Guarantor shall cease to be outstanding under such clause at such time as such Subsidiary becomes a Subsidiary Guarantor until such time, if any, that the Issuer, in its sole discretion, elects to classify or reclassify such Indebtedness as Incurred under any of such clauses to permit the release of such Subsidiary Guarantor’s Subsidiary Guarantee as permitted under this Indenture.

(e) For purposes of this Section 4.7:

(i) accrual of interest, accrual of dividends, the accretion of accreted value or original issue discount, the amortization of debt discount and the payment of interest in the form of additional Indebtedness will not be deemed to be an Incurrence of Indebtedness;

(ii) in determining compliance with any U.S. dollar-denominated restriction on the Incurrence of Indebtedness, the U.S. dollar-equivalent principal amount of Indebtedness denominated in a foreign currency shall be calculated based upon the relevant currency exchange rate in effect on the date such Indebtedness was Incurred; provided, however, that if such Indebtedness is Incurred to refinance or replace other Indebtedness denominated in a foreign currency, and such refinancing or replacement would cause the applicable U.S. dollar-denominated restriction to be exceeded if calculated at the relevant currency exchange rate in effect on the date of such refinancing or replacement, such U.S. dollar-denominated restriction shall be deemed not to have been exceeded so long as the principal amount of such refinancing or replacement Indebtedness does not exceed the principal amount of such Indebtedness being refinanced or replaced; and

(iii) the maximum amount of Indebtedness that the Company, the Issuer or any other Subsidiary of the Company may Incur shall not be deemed to be exceeded solely as a result of fluctuations in the exchange rate of currencies.

Section 4.8 [Reserved].

Section 4.9 Change of Control Triggering Event.

(a) Upon the occurrence of a Change of Control Triggering Event, each Holder shall have the right to require that the Issuer repurchase such Holder’s Notes at a purchase price in cash equal to 101.0% of the principal amount thereof on the date of purchase plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to, but excluding, the date of purchase (subject to the

 

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right of Holders of record on the relevant record date to receive interest due on the relevant interest payment date) in accordance with the terms contemplated in Section 4.9(b).

(b) Within 30 days following any Change of Control Triggering Event, unless the Issuer has previously or concurrently mailed a redemption notice with respect to all outstanding Notes as described under Section 3.4, the Issuer shall mail a notice by first-class mail (or otherwise delivered in accordance with the Applicable Procedures) to each Holder with copies to the Trustees (the “Change of Control Offer”) stating:

(i) that a Change of Control Triggering Event has occurred and that such Holder has the right to require the Issuer to purchase such Holder’s Notes at a purchase price in cash equal to 101.0% of the principal amount thereof on the date of purchase, plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to, but excluding, the date of purchase (subject to the right of Holders of record on the relevant record date to receive interest due on the relevant interest payment date);

(ii) the circumstances and relevant facts regarding such Change of Control Triggering Event;

(iii) an expiration date (which shall be no earlier than 15 days nor later than 60 days from the date such notice is mailed, the “Expiration Date”) and a settlement date for purchase (the “Purchase Date”) not more than five Business Days after the Expiration Date); and

(iv) the instructions, as determined by the Issuer, consistent with this Section 4.9, that a Holder must follow in order to have its Notes purchased.

(c) A Holder may tender all or any portion of its Notes pursuant to a Change of Control Offer, subject to the requirement that any portion of a Note tendered must be in denominations of $2,000 and integral multiples of $1,000 in excess thereof. Holders are entitled to withdraw Notes tendered up to the close of business on the Expiration Date.

(d) The Issuer shall not be required to make a Change of Control Offer following a Change of Control Triggering Event if: (i) a third party makes the Change of Control Offer in the manner, at the times and otherwise in compliance with the requirements set forth in this Indenture applicable to a Change of Control Offer made by the Issuer and purchases all Notes validly tendered and not withdrawn under such Change of Control Offer) or (ii) a notice of redemption that is or has become unconditional has been given pursuant to Section 3.4.

(e) If Holders of not less than 90% in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding Notes validly tender and do not withdraw such Notes pursuant to a Change of Control Offer and the Issuer, or any third party making a Change of Control Offer in lieu of the Issuer as described in clause (d) above, purchases all of the Notes validly tendered and not withdrawn by such Holders, the Issuer will have the right, upon not less than 15 nor more than 60 days’ prior notice, given not more than 30 days following such purchase pursuant to the Change of Control Offer, to redeem all Notes that remain outstanding following such purchase at

 

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a purchase price in cash equal to 101.0% of the principal amount thereof, plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to, but excluding, the date of purchase (subject to the right of Holders of record on the relevant record date to receive interest due on the relevant interest payment date).

(f) A Change of Control Offer may be made in advance of a Change of Control Triggering Event, conditional upon such Change of Control, if a definitive agreement is in place for the Change of Control Triggering Event at the time of making the Change of Control Offer.

(g) The Issuer shall comply, to the extent applicable, with the requirements of Section 14(e) of the Exchange Act and any other securities laws or regulations, including Canadian Securities Laws, in connection with the repurchase of Notes as a result of a Change of Control Triggering Event. To the extent that the provisions of any securities laws or regulations conflict with this Section 4.9, the Issuer shall comply with the applicable securities laws and regulations and shall not be deemed to have breached its obligations under this Section 4.9 by virtue of its compliance with such securities laws or regulations.

(h) On the Purchase Date, the purchase price will become due and payable on each Note accepted for purchase pursuant to the Change of Control Offer, all Notes purchased by the Issuer under this Section 4.9 shall be delivered by the Issuer to the U.S. Trustee for cancellation and the Issuer shall pay the purchase price plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to the Holders entitled thereto. Interest on Notes purchased by the Issuer under this Section 4.9 shall cease to accrue on and after the Purchase Date.

(i) At the time the Issuer delivers Notes to the U.S. Trustee which are to be accepted for purchase, the Issuer shall also deliver an Officers’ Certificate stating that such Notes are to be accepted by the Issuer pursuant to and in accordance with the terms of this Section 4.9. A Note shall be deemed to have been accepted for purchase at the time the U.S. Trustee, directly or through an agent, mails or delivers payment therefor to the surrendering Holder.

ARTICLE 5

SUCCESSORS

Section 5.1 Consolidation, Merger and Sale of Assets.

(a) Neither the Company nor the Issuer shall consolidate with, amalgamate with or merge with or into any other Person or convey, transfer, lease or otherwise dispose of its properties and assets substantially as an entirety (determined on a consolidated basis for the Company and its consolidated Subsidiaries), in one transaction or a series of related transactions, directly or indirectly, to any Person, and shall not permit any Person to consolidate with, amalgamate with or merge with or into the Company or into the Issuer, as the case may be, unless:

(i) the Company or the Issuer shall be the surviving company in any merger, amalgamation or consolidation, or, if the Company or the Issuer consolidates with, amalgamates with or merges into another Person or

 

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conveys or transfers or leases its properties and assets substantially as an entirety, in one transaction or a series of related transactions, directly or indirectly, to any Person, such successor Person is a corporation organized and validly existing under the laws of the United States of America or any state thereof or the District of Columbia, Canada or any province or territory thereof, Luxembourg, the United Kingdom, Ireland, Germany or France;

(ii) the successor Person, if other than the Company or the Issuer, as applicable, expressly assumes all of the Company’s or the Issuer’s, as applicable, obligations in respect of this Indenture and the Notes pursuant to a supplemental indenture;

(iii) if the successor Person is not the Company or the Issuer, each Subsidiary Guarantor (unless it is the other party to the transactions above) shall have by supplemental indenture confirmed that its Subsidiary Guarantee shall apply to such successor Person’s obligations in respect of this Indenture and the Notes;

(iv) immediately after giving effect to the consolidation, amalgamation, merger, conveyance, transfer or lease, there exists no Default or Event of Default; and

(v) the Company or the Issuer shall have delivered to the Trustees an Officers’ Certificate and an Opinion of Counsel, each stating that such consolidation, amalgamation, merger, sale, conveyance, assignment, transfer, lease or other disposition complies with the requirements of this Indenture and that the Notes and Indenture constitute valid and binding obligations of the successor Person, subject to customary exceptions;

(b) No Subsidiary Guarantor shall consolidate with, amalgamate with or merge with or into any other Person or convey, transfer, lease or otherwise dispose of its properties and assets substantially as an entirety, in one transaction or a series of related transactions, directly or indirectly, to any Person, and shall not permit any Person to consolidate with, amalgamate with or merge with or into such Subsidiary Guarantor, unless:

(i) (A) such Subsidiary Guarantor is the surviving or acquiring Person and remains organized under the laws of the United States of America or any state thereof or in the District of Columbia or Canada or any province or territory thereof or, for any Subsidiary Guarantor organized outside of such jurisdictions, the jurisdiction of organization of such Subsidiary Guarantor; or (B) (1) the successor Person is an entity organized and validly existing under the laws of the United States of America or any state thereof or the District of Columbia or Canada or any province or territory thereof or, for any Subsidiary Guarantor organized outside of such jurisdictions, the jurisdiction of organization of the Subsidiary Guarantor with which the successor Person has consolidated, amalgamated or merged, (2) the successor Person, if other than the Subsidiary Guarantor, expressly assumes all of the Subsidiary Guarantor’s obligations in

 

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respect of this Indenture and the Subsidiary Guarantee pursuant to a supplemental indenture and (3) immediately after giving effect to the consolidation, amalgamation, merger, conveyance, transfer or lease, there exists no Default or Event of Default; and

(ii) the Company or the Issuer shall have delivered to the Trustees an Officers’ Certificate and an Opinion of Counsel, each stating that such consolidation, amalgamation, merger, sale, conveyance, assignment, transfer, lease, other disposition or such supplemental indenture (if any) complies with the requirements of this Indenture and that the Subsidiary Guarantee and Indenture constitute valid and binding obligations of the successor Person, subject to customary exceptions;

provided, however, that this Section 5.1 shall not apply to a transaction pursuant to which such Subsidiary Guarantor shall be released from its obligations under this Indenture and the Notes in accordance with the limitations described in Section 10.6 and to any direct or indirect consolidation, amalgamation, merger, conveyance, transfer, lease or other disposition of properties and assets between or among the Company, the Issuer and the Subsidiary Guarantors.

For purposes of this Section 5.1, the sale, lease, conveyance, assignment, transfer, or other disposition of the properties and assets substantially as an entirety of one or more of the Company’s Subsidiaries, which properties and assets, if held by the Company instead of such Subsidiaries, would constitute the properties and assets of the Company substantially as an entirety on a consolidated basis, shall be deemed to be the transfer of the properties and assets of the Company substantially as an entirety.

The predecessor Person shall be released from its obligations under this Indenture and the successor Person shall succeed to, and be substituted for, and may exercise every right and power of, the Company or the Issuer under this Indenture, but, in the case of a lease of its property or assets substantially as an entirety, the predecessor Person shall not be released from the obligation to pay the principal of and interest on the Notes.

ARTICLE 6

DEFAULTS AND REMEDIES

Section 6.1 Events of Default. Each of the following shall be an “Event of Default” with respect to the Notes:

(a) default for 30 days in the payment of any interest on the Notes when due;

(b) default in the payment of principal or premium, if any, on the Notes when due at its stated maturity, upon optional redemption, upon required purchase, upon declaration of acceleration or otherwise;

(c) the failure by the Issuer to comply with any of its obligations under Section 4.9;

 

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(d) the Company, the Issuer or any Subsidiary Guarantor defaults in the performance of or breaches any other covenant or agreement of the Company, the Issuer or such Subsidiary Guarantor, as applicable, in this Indenture (other than a failure to comply with clause (c) above) with respect to the Notes or any guarantee relating thereto, as applicable, and such default or breach continues for a period of 60 days after written notice is given to the Issuer by the Trustees or to the Issuer and the Trustees by the Holders of 30.0% or more in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding Notes specifying such default or breach and requiring it to be remedied and stating that such notice is a “Notice of Default”;

(e) the Subsidiary Guarantee of a Significant Subsidiary ceases to be in full force and effect except as otherwise permitted under this Indenture or is declared null and void in a judicial proceeding or is disaffirmed by any Subsidiary Guarantor that is a Significant Subsidiary;

(f) the Company, the Issuer or any Subsidiary Guarantor that is a Significant Subsidiary pursuant to or within the meaning of any Bankruptcy Law:

(i) commences a voluntary case;

(ii) consents to the entry of an order for relief against it in an involuntary case or the filing by it of a petition or answer or consent seeking an arrangement of debt, reorganization, dissolution, winding up or relief under applicable Bankruptcy Law;

(iii) consents to the appointment of a Custodian of it or for any substantial part of its property;

(iv) makes a general assignment for the benefit of its creditors; or

(v) admits in writing its inability to pay its debts as they become due;

or takes any comparable action under any foreign laws relating to insolvency;

(g) a court of competent jurisdiction enters an order or decree under any Bankruptcy Law that:

(i) is for relief against the Company, the Issuer or any Subsidiary Guarantor that is a Significant Subsidiary in an involuntary case;

(ii) appoints a Custodian of the Company, the Issuer or any Subsidiary Guarantor that is a Significant Subsidiary or for any substantial part of its property; or

(iii) orders the winding up or liquidation of the Company, the Issuer or any Subsidiary Guarantor that is a Significant Subsidiary;

 

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or any similar relief is granted under any foreign laws and the order or decree remains unstayed and in effect for 90 days;

(h) default under any Lien, indenture or instrument under which there may be issued or by which there may be secured or evidenced any Indebtedness of the Company, the Issuer or any of the Company’s Subsidiaries other than Indebtedness owed to the Company, the Issuer or a Subsidiary of the Company, whether such Indebtedness exists on the Issue Date or is created after the Issue Date, which default (i) is caused by a failure to pay principal of, or premium, if any, on such Indebtedness (“Principal Payment Default”) or (ii) results in the acceleration of such Indebtedness prior to its maturity (“Cross Acceleration Provision”) without such Indebtedness having been discharged or the acceleration having been cured, waived, rescinded or annulled, for a period of, in the case of clause (i) or (ii) above, 30 days or more after written notice thereof to the Issuer by the Trustees or to the Issuer and the Trustees by the Holders of at least 30.0% in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding Notes and, in each case, the principal amount of any such Indebtedness, together with the principal amount of any other such Indebtedness under which there has been a principal payment default or the maturity of which has been so accelerated, aggregates $150.0 million (or its equivalent in other currencies) or more;

(i) the taking or entering against the Company, the Issuer or any other Subsidiary of the Company of a judgment or decree for the payment of money in excess of $150.0 million (or its equivalent in other currencies) in the aggregate and such judgment or decree is not paid, vacated or discharged within a period of 90 days after such judgment or degree becomes final and non-appealable; and

(j) the Company Guarantee ceases to be in full force and effect, except as otherwise permitted under the Indenture, or is declared null and void in a judicial proceeding or is disaffirmed by the Company.

The foregoing shall constitute Events of Default whatever the reason for any such Event of Default and whether it is voluntary or involuntary or is effected by operation of law or pursuant to any judgment, decree or order of any court or any order, rule or regulation of any administrative or governmental body.

The term “Bankruptcy Law” means any law relating to bankruptcy, insolvency, receivership, winding-up, liquidation, reorganization or relief of debtors or any amendment to, succession to or change in any such law, including, without limitation, the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act of Canada and the United States Bankruptcy Code, 11 United States Code §§ 101 et seq. For the purposes of this Section 6.1, the term “Custodian” means any receiver, trustee, assignee, liquidator, custodian or similar official under any Bankruptcy Law.

The Issuer shall deliver to the Trustees, within 30 days after obtaining knowledge of the occurrence thereof, written notice in the form of an Officers’ Certificate of any event which is, or with the giving of notice or the lapse of time or both would become, an Event of Default, its status and what action the Issuer is taking or proposes to take with respect thereto.

 

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Section 6.2 Acceleration. If an Event of Default (other than an Event of Default specified in Section 6.1(f) or (g)) occurs and is continuing, the U.S. Trustee (by written notice to the Issuer) or the Holders of not less than 30.0% in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding Notes (by written notice to the Issuer and the U.S. Trustee) may, and the U.S. Trustee at the written request of such holders shall, declare the principal amount of and premium, if any, and accrued but unpaid interest and any other monetary obligations on the Notes to be due and payable immediately. Upon that declaration, the principal amount, premium, if any, and interest shall become immediately due and payable. If an Event of Default specified in Section 6.1(f) or (g) occurs, the principal, premium, if any, and interest on all the Notes shall ipso facto become and be immediately due and payable without any declaration or other act on the part of the Trustees or any Holders. At any time after a declaration of acceleration has been made, but before a judgment or decree for payment of the money due has been obtained, the Holders of not less than a majority in aggregate principal amount of the Notes by notice to either of the Trustees may rescind and annul that declaration of acceleration and its consequences if the rescission and annulment would not conflict with any judgment or decree and if all existing Events of Default have been cured or waived except nonpayment of principal or interest that has become due solely because of acceleration. No such rescission shall affect any subsequent Default or impair any right consequent thereto.

Section 6.3 Other Remedies. If an Event of Default occurs and is continuing, the Trustees may pursue any available remedy to collect the payment of principal of or interest on the Notes or to enforce the performance of any provision of the Notes or this Indenture.

Either of the Trustees may maintain a proceeding even if they do not possess any of the Notes or do not produce any of them in the proceeding. A delay or omission by the Trustees or any Holder in exercising any right or remedy accruing upon an Event of Default shall not impair the right or remedy or constitute a waiver of or acquiescence in the Event of Default. No remedy is exclusive of any other remedy. All available remedies are cumulative.

Section 6.4 Waiver of Past Defaults. The Holders of a majority in principal amount of the Notes by notice to the Trustees may waive an existing Default and its consequences except (a) a Default in the payment of the principal of or interest on a Note, (b) a Default arising from the failure to redeem or purchase any Note when required pursuant to the terms of this Indenture or (c) a Default in respect of a provision that under Section 9.2 cannot be amended without the consent of each Holder affected. When a Default is waived, it is deemed cured, but no such waiver shall extend to any subsequent or other Default or impair any consequent right.

Section 6.5 Control by Majority. The Holders of a majority in aggregate principal amount of outstanding Notes may direct the time, method and place of conducting any proceeding for any remedy available to the U.S. Trustee or of exercising any trust or power conferred on the U.S. Trustee. However, each Trustee may refuse to follow any direction that conflicts with law or this Indenture or, subject to Section 7.1, that each Trustee determines is unduly prejudicial to the rights of other Holders or would involve each Trustee in personal liability; provided, however, that each Trustee may take any other action deemed proper by such Trustee that is not inconsistent with such direction. Prior to taking any action hereunder, each

 

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Trustee shall be entitled to indemnification satisfactory to it in its sole discretion against all losses and expenses caused by taking or not taking such action.

Section 6.6 Limitation on Suits.

(a) Except to enforce the right to receive payment of principal, premium (if any) or interest when due, a Holder may not pursue any remedy with respect to this Indenture or the Notes unless:

(i) such Holder has previously given to the Trustees written notice stating that an Event of Default is continuing;

(ii) the Holders of at least 30.0% in principal amount of the outstanding Notes make a written request to the U.S. Trustee to pursue the remedy;

(iii) such Holder or Holders offer to each of the Trustees security or indemnity satisfactory to each of them against any loss, liability or expense;

(iv) the U.S. Trustee does not comply with the request within 90 days after receipt of the request and the offer of security or indemnity reasonably satisfactory to the U.S. Trustee; and

(v) the Holders of a majority in principal amount of the outstanding Notes do not give the U.S. Trustee a direction inconsistent with the request during such 90-day period.

(b) A Holder may not use this Indenture to prejudice the rights of another Holder or to obtain a preference or priority over another Holder, it being understood that neither of the Trustees has an affirmative duty to ascertain whether or not any actions or forbearances by a Holder are unduly prejudicial to other Holders. In the event that the Definitive Registered Notes are not issued to any beneficial owner promptly after the Registrar has received a request from the Holder of a Global Note to issue such Definitive Registered Notes to such beneficial owner of its nominee, the Issuer expressly agrees and acknowledges, with respect to the right of any Holder to pursue a remedy pursuant to this Indenture, the right of such beneficial holder of Notes to pursue such remedy with respect to the portion of the Global Note that represents such beneficial holder’s Notes as if such Definitive Registered Notes had been issued.

Section 6.7 Rights of Holders to Receive Payment. Notwithstanding any other provision of this Indenture, the right of any Holder to receive payment of principal of and interest on the Notes held by such Holder, on or after the respective due dates expressed in the Notes, or to bring suit for the enforcement of any such payment on or after such respective dates, shall not be impaired or affected without the consent of such Holder.

Section 6.8 Collection Suit by U.S. Trustee. If an Event of Default specified in Section 6.1(a) or (b) occurs and is continuing, the U.S. Trustee may recover judgment in its own name and as trustee of an express trust against the Issuer or any other obligor on the Notes for

 

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the whole amount then due and owing (together with interest on overdue principal and (to the extent lawful) on any unpaid interest at the rate provided for in the Notes) and the amounts provided for in Section 7.7.

Section 6.9 Trustees May File Proofs of Claim. The Trustees may file such proofs of claim and other papers or documents and take such other actions, including participating as members, voting or otherwise, of any committee of creditors appointed in the matter, as may be necessary or advisable in order to have the claims of the Trustees (including any claim for the reasonable compensation, expenses, disbursements and advances of each of the Trustees, their respective agents and counsel) and the Holders allowed in any judicial proceedings relative to the Company, the Issuer, any Subsidiary or any Subsidiary Guarantor, their creditors or their property and, unless prohibited by law or applicable regulations, may vote on behalf of the Holders in any election of a trustee in bankruptcy or other Person performing similar functions, and any custodian in any such judicial proceeding is hereby authorized by each Holder to make payments to the Trustees and, in the event that the Trustees shall consent to the making of such payments directly to the Holders, to first pay to the Trustees any amount due it for the reasonable compensation, expenses, disbursements and advances of the Trustees, their agents and counsel, and any other amounts due the Trustees under Section 7.7.

Section 6.10 Priorities. If either Trustee collects any money or property pursuant to this Article 6, it shall pay out the money or property in the following order:

FIRST: to each of the Trustees for amounts due under Section 7.7;

SECOND: Holders for amounts due and unpaid on the Notes for principal and interest, ratably, and Applicable Premium (if any), ratably, without preference or priority of any kind, according to the amounts due and payable on the Notes for principal and interest and Applicable Premium (if any), respectively; and

THIRD: to the Issuer or to such party as a court of competent jurisdiction shall direct, including the Company or a Subsidiary Guarantor, if applicable.

The U.S. Trustee may fix a record date and payment date for any payment to Holders pursuant to this Section 6.10. At least 15 days before such record date, the U.S. Trustee shall mail to each Holder and the Issuer a notice that states the record date, the payment date and amount to be paid.

Section 6.11 Undertaking for Costs. In any suit for the enforcement of any right or remedy under this Indenture or in any suit against either Trustee for any action taken or omitted by it as Trustee, a court in its discretion may require the filing by any party litigant in the suit of an undertaking to pay the costs of the suit, and the court in its discretion may assess reasonable costs, including reasonable attorneys’ fees and expenses, against any party litigant in the suit, having due regard to the merits and good faith of the claims or defenses made by the party litigant. This Section 6.11 does not apply to a suit by the Issuer, a suit by either Trustee, a suit by a Holder pursuant to Section 6.7 or a suit by Holders of more than 10.0% in aggregate principal amount of the then outstanding Notes.

 

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Section 6.12 Waiver of Stay or Extension Laws. The Company, the Issuer and each Subsidiary Guarantor agrees (to the extent it may lawfully do so) that it shall not at any time insist upon, or plead, or in any manner whatsoever claim or take the benefit or advantage of, any stay or extension law wherever enacted, now or at any time hereafter in force, which may affect the covenants or the performance of this Indenture; and the Company, the Issuer and each Subsidiary Guarantor (to the extent that it may lawfully do so) hereby expressly waives all benefit or advantage of any such law, and shall not hinder, delay or impede the execution of any power herein granted to the Trustees, but shall suffer and permit the execution of every such power as though no such law had been enacted.

ARTICLE 7

TRUSTEES

Section 7.1 Duties of U.S. Trustee.

(a) If an Event of Default has occurred and is continuing, the U.S. Trustee shall exercise the rights and powers vested in it by this Indenture and use the same degree of care and skill in its exercise as a prudent Person would exercise or use under the circumstances in the conduct of such Person’s own affairs.

(b) Except during the continuance of an Event of Default:

(i) the U.S. Trustee undertakes to perform such duties and only such duties as are specifically set forth in this Indenture and the U.S. Trustee shall not be liable except for the performance of such duties, and no implied covenants or obligations shall be read into this Indenture against the U.S. Trustee; and

(ii) in the absence of bad faith or willful misconduct on its part, the U.S. Trustee may conclusively rely, as to the truth of the statements and the correctness of the opinions expressed therein, upon resolutions, statements, instruments, notices, directions, certificates and/or opinions furnished to the U.S. Trustee and conforming on their face to the requirements of this Indenture. However, in the case of any such certificates or opinions which by any provision hereof are specifically required to be furnished to the U.S. Trustee, the U.S. Trustee shall be under a duty to examine the same to determine whether or not they conform on their face to the requirements of this Indenture (but need not confirm or investigate the accuracy of mathematical calculations or other facts stated therein). The U.S. Trustee may (but shall in no way be obligated to) make further inquiry or investigation into such facts or materials as it sees fit.

(c) The U.S. Trustee may not be relieved from liability for its own negligent action, its own negligent failure to act, or bad faith or its own willful misconduct, except that:

(i) this subsection (c) shall not be construed to limit the effect of subsection (b) of this Section 7.1;

 

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(ii) the U.S. Trustee shall not be liable for any error of judgment made in good faith by a Responsible Trust Officer, unless it shall be proved that the U.S. Trustee was negligent in ascertaining the pertinent facts; and

(iii) the U.S. Trustee shall not be liable with respect to any action taken, suffered or omitted to be taken by it in good faith in accordance with the direction of the Holders of at least 30% in the principal amount of the outstanding Notes relating to the time, method and place of conducting any proceeding for any remedy available to the U.S. Trustee, or exercising any trust or power conferred upon the U.S. Trustee under this Indenture or believed by it to be authorized or permitted by this Indenture.

(d) Subject to this Article 7, if an Event of Default occurs and is continuing, the U.S. Trustee shall be under no obligation to exercise any of its rights or powers under this Indenture, the Notes, the Company Guarantee or the Subsidiary Guarantees at the request or direction of any of the Holders unless the Holders have offered to the U.S. Trustee indemnity or security reasonably satisfactory to it against any loss, liability or expense.

(e) The U.S. Trustee shall not be liable for interest on any money received by it except as the U.S. Trustee may agree in writing with the Issuer.

(f) Money held in trust by the U.S. Trustee need not be segregated from other funds except to the extent required by law and except for money held in trust under Article 8.

(g) No provision of this Indenture shall require the U.S. Trustee to expend or risk its own funds or otherwise incur financial liability in the performance of any of its duties hereunder or in the exercise of any of its rights or powers, if it shall have reasonable grounds to believe that repayment of such funds or adequate indemnity against such risk or liability is not reasonably assured to it.

(h) Every provision of this Indenture relating to the conduct or affecting the liability of or affording protection to the U.S. Trustee shall be subject to the provisions of Article 7.

Section 7.2 Rights of U.S. Trustee.

(a) In the absence of bad faith or willful misconduct on its part, the U.S. Trustee may conclusively rely on any document, resolution, statement, notice, direction, certificate and/or opinion believed by it to be genuine and to have been signed or presented by the proper Person.

(b) Before the U.S. Trustee acts or refrains from acting, it may require an Officers’ Certificate or an Opinion of Counsel or both conforming to Section 11.4. The U.S. Trustee shall not be liable for any action it takes or omits to take in good faith in conclusive reliance on the Officers’ Certificate or Opinion of Counsel.

 

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(c) The U.S. Trustee may act through attorneys and agents and shall not be responsible for the misconduct or negligence of any agent appointed with due care.

(d) The U.S. Trustee shall not be liable for any action it takes or omits to take in good faith which it believes to be authorized or within its rights or powers; provided, however, that the U.S. Trustee’s conduct does not constitute bad faith, willful misconduct or negligence.

(e) The U.S. Trustee may consult with counsel of its selection, and the advice or opinion of counsel with respect to legal matters relating to this Indenture and the Notes, including any Opinion of Counsel, shall be full and complete authorization and protection from liability in respect to any action taken, suffered or omitted to be taken by it hereunder in good faith and in accordance with the advice or opinion of such counsel, including any Opinion of Counsel.

(f) The U.S. Trustee shall not be required to give any bond or surety in respect of the performance of its powers and duties hereunder.

(g) The U.S. Trustee shall not be bound to ascertain or inquire as to the performance or observance of any covenants, conditions, or agreements on the part of the Issuer, but the U.S. Trustee may require of the Issuer full information and advice as to the performance of the covenants, conditions and agreements contained herein.

(h) The permissive rights of the U.S. Trustee to do things enumerated in this Indenture shall not be construed as a duty.

(i) Except for an Event of Default under Sections 6.1(a) or (b) hereof, the Trustees shall not be deemed to have notice or be charged with knowledge of any Default or Event of Default unless a Responsible Trust Officer of the U.S. Trustee has received from the Issuer or the Holders of not less than 30% in aggregate principal amount of the Notes then outstanding written notice thereof at the Corporate Trust Office of the U.S. Trustee, and such notice references the Notes and this Indenture.

(j) The rights, privileges, protections, immunities and benefits given to the U.S. Trustee, including, without limitation, its right to be indemnified, are extended to, and shall be enforceable by, the U.S. Trustee in each of its capacities hereunder, the Canadian Trustee, the Agents and each other agent, custodian and Person employed to act hereunder. The Canadian Trustee, if undertaking duties and obligations hereunder, shall be subject to the same standards, requirements, rights, privileges, protections, immunities and benefits (to the extent applicable) applicable to the U.S. Trustee hereunder.

(k) In no event shall the U.S. Trustee be responsible or liable for any failure or delay in the performance of its obligations hereunder arising out of or caused by, directly or indirectly, forces beyond its control, including, without limitation, strikes, work stoppages, pandemics, accidents, acts of war or terrorism, civil or military disturbances, nuclear or natural catastrophes or acts of God, and interruptions, loss or malfunctions of utilities, communications or computer (software and hardware) services, it being understood that the U.S.

 

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Trustee shall use reasonable efforts which are consistent with accepted practices in the banking industry to resume performance as soon as practicable under the circumstances.

(l) In no event shall the U.S. Trustee be responsible or liable for special, indirect, punitive, incidental or consequential loss or damage of any kind whatsoever (including, but not limited to, loss of profit) irrespective of whether the U.S. Trustee has been advised of the likelihood of such loss or damage and regardless of the form of action.

(m) Any request or direction of the Issuer or other Person mentioned herein shall be sufficiently evidenced by an Officers’ Certificate or certificate of an Officer of such other Person and any resolution of the Board of Directors of the Issuer or of such other Person may be sufficiently evidenced by a board resolution certified by the secretary or assistant secretary (or similar officer) of such Person.

(n) The U.S. Trustee may request that the Issuer deliver a certificate setting forth the names of individuals and/or titles of officers authorized at such time to take specified actions pursuant to this Indenture, which certificate may be updated and delivered to the U.S. Trustee at any time by the Issuer in its discretion.

(o) If an Event of Default then exists, the U.S. Trustee shall be under no obligation to exercise any of the rights or powers vested in it by this Indenture (other than the payment of any amounts on the Notes furnished to it pursuant to this Indenture) at the request, order or direction of the percentage of Holders specified herein (or any other person) unless such Holders (or such other person) shall have furnished to (or caused to be furnished to) the U.S. Trustee security or indemnity satisfactory to it against the costs, expenses and liabilities, including attorneys’ fees and expenses, that might be incurred by the U.S. Trustee therein or thereby.

(p) Nothing in this Indenture shall require the U.S. Trustee to expend or risk its own funds or otherwise incur any financial liability in the performance of any of its duties or in the exercise of any of its rights or powers if it shall have reasonable grounds for believing that repayment of such funds or adequate indemnity against such risk or liability is not reasonably assured to it.

(q) No provision of this Indenture shall be deemed to impose any duty or obligation on the U.S. Trustee to take or omit to take any action, or suffer any action to be taken or omitted, in the performance of their duties or obligations under this Indenture, or to exercise any right or power thereunder, to the extent that taking or omitting to take such action or suffering such action to be taken or omitted would violate applicable law binding upon them.

(r) The U.S. Trustee may request that the Issuer deliver an Officers’ Certificate setting forth the names of individuals and/or titles of officers authorized at such time to take specific actions pursuant to this Indenture, which Officers’ Certificate may be signed by any Person authorized to sign an Officers’ Certificate, including any Person specified as son authorized in any such Officers’ Certificate previously delivered and not superseded.

(s) To help fight the funding of terrorism and money laundering activities, the U.S. Trustee will obtain, verify, and record information that identifies individuals

 

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or entities that establish a relationship or open an account with the U.S. Trustee. The U.S. Trustee will ask for the name, address, tax identification number and other information that will allow the U.S. Trustee to identify the individual or entity who is establishing the relationship or opening the account. The U.S. Trustee may also ask for formation documents such as articles of incorporation, an offering memorandum, or other identifying documents to be provided.

(t) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary herein, any and all communications (both text and attachments) by or from the U.S. Trustee that the U.S. Trustee in its sole discretion deems to contain confidential, proprietary, and/or sensitive information and sent by electronic mail will be encrypted. The recipient of the email communication will be required to complete a one-time registration process.

(u) The U.S. Trustee may act at the direction of requisite holders hereunder without liability.

Section 7.3 Individual Rights of the U.S. Trustee. The U.S. Trustee in its individual or any other capacity may become the owner or pledgee of Notes and may otherwise deal with the Issuer or its Affiliates with the same rights it would have if it were not U.S. Trustee. Any Paying Agent, Registrar or any other agent of the U.S. Trustee may do the same with like rights.

Section 7.4 U.S. Trustees Disclaimer. The U.S. Trustee shall not be responsible for and makes no representation as to the validity or adequacy of this Indenture or the Notes, it shall not be accountable for the Issuer’s use of the proceeds from the Notes, and it shall not be responsible for any statement of the Issuer or any other Person in this Indenture or in any document issued in connection with the sale of the Notes or in the Notes other than the U.S. Trustee’s certificate of authentication.

Section 7.5 Notice of Defaults. Subject to Section 7.2(i), if a Default occurs and is continuing and is actually known to a Responsible Trust Officer of a Trustee, that Trustee shall send to the other Trustee and each Holder a notice of the Default within 90 days after it occurs. Except in the case of a Default specified in Sections 6.1(a) or (b), a Trustee may withhold from the Holders notice of any continuing Default if that Trustee determines in good faith that withholding the notice is in the interests of the Holders.

Section 7.6 [Reserved]

Section 7.7 Compensation and Indemnity.

(a) The Company, the Issuer and the Subsidiary Guarantors, jointly and severally, shall pay to each of the Trustees from time to time such compensation for its services as shall be agreed to in writing from time to time by the Company, the Issuer, the Subsidiary Guarantors and the Trustees. Neither of the Trustee’s compensation shall be limited by any law on compensation of a trustee of an express trust. The Issuer shall reimburse each of the Trustees upon request for all reasonable out-of-pocket expenses incurred or made by it, including costs of collection, in addition to the compensation for its services. Such expenses shall include the reasonable compensation and expenses, disbursements and advances of each of the Trustees’ agents, counsel, accountants and experts. The Company, the Issuer and the Subsidiary

 

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Guarantors, jointly and severally, shall indemnify each of the Trustees, their agents, representatives, officers, directors, employees and attorneys against any and all loss, liability, damage, claim (whether asserted by the Company, the Issuer, a Subsidiary Guarantor, a Holder or any other person) or expense (including reasonable compensation and expenses and disbursements of each of the Trustees’ counsel) arising out of or in connection with the administration of this trust and the performance of its duties, or in connection with the enforcement of any rights hereunder, or arising out of or in connection with the exercise or performance of any of its rights or powers hereunder. Each Trustee shall notify the Issuer promptly of any claim for which it may seek indemnity. Failure by a Trustee to so notify the Issuer shall not relieve the Issuer of its obligations hereunder. The Issuer shall defend the claim and each of the Trustees shall provide reasonable cooperation in such defense. Each of the Trustees may have separate counsel of its selection and the Issuer shall pay the reasonable fees and expenses of such counsel reasonably acceptable to the Issuer; provided, however, that the Issuer shall not be required to pay such fees and expenses if the Issuer assumes such defense unless there is a conflict of interest between the Issuer and either of the Trustees in connection with such defense as determined by such Trustee in consultation with counsel or if there are additional or separate defenses available to such Trustee that are not available to the Issuer and the Issuer is unable to assert any such defense on such Trustee’s behalf. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Issuer need not reimburse any expense or indemnify against any loss, liability, damage, claim or expense incurred by either Trustee through its own willful misconduct, bad faith or negligence.

(b) To secure the payment obligations of the Company, the Issuer and the Subsidiary Guarantors in this Section 7.7, the Trustees shall have a Lien prior to the Notes on all money or property held or collected by the Trustees, in its capacity as Trustees, other than money or property held in trust to pay principal of and interest, if any, on particular Notes.

(c) The Issuer’s payment obligations pursuant to this Section 7.7 shall survive the resignation or removal of either of the Trustees and the discharge of this Indenture. When either of the Trustees incurs expenses after the occurrence of a Default specified in Section 6.1(f) or (g) with respect to the Issuer, the expenses are intended to constitute expenses of administration under the Bankruptcy Law.

Section 7.8 Replacement of Trustees.

(a) The Trustees may resign at any time by giving 30 days’ prior notice of such resignation to the Issuer and be discharged from the trust hereby created by so notifying the Issuer. The Holders of a majority in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding Notes may remove a Trustee by so notifying such Trustee and the Issuer 30 days prior in writing. The Issuer shall remove a Trustee if:

(i) such Trustee is no longer eligible under Section 7.10;

(ii) such Trustee is adjudged a bankrupt or an insolvent or an order for relief is entered with respect to such Trustee under any Bankruptcy Law;

 

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(iii) a receiver or public officer takes charge of such Trustee or its property; or

(iv) such Trustee otherwise becomes incapable of acting.

(b) If a Trustee resigns or has been removed by the Holders, Holders of a majority in principal amount of the outstanding Notes may appoint a successor Trustee. Otherwise, if a Trustee resigns or is removed (and such Holders do not reasonably promptly appoint a successor Trustee), or if a vacancy exists in the office of Trustee for any reason, the Issuer shall promptly appoint a successor Trustee. Within one year after the successor Trustee takes office, the Holders of a majority in aggregate principal amount of the then outstanding Notes may remove the successor Trustee to replace it with another successor Trustee appointed by the Issuer. The U.S. Trustee can only be replaced by another U.S. Trustee and the Canadian Trustee can only be replaced by another Canadian Trustee, unless the responsibilities and obligations of the U.S. Trustee and the Canadian Trustee have been combined into a single trustee or the Canadian Trustee has been removed, in each case, pursuant to Section 9.1(a)(xiii).

(c) A successor Trustee shall deliver a written acceptance of its appointment to the retiring Trustee and to the Issuer. Thereupon the resignation or removal of the retiring Trustee shall become effective, and the successor Trustee shall have all the rights, powers and duties of the Trustee under this Indenture. The successor Trustee shall send a notice of its succession to Holders, and include in the notice its name and address of its corporate trust office. The retiring Trustee shall promptly transfer all property held by it as Trustee to the successor Trustee, subject to the Lien provided for in Section 7.7.

(d) If a successor Trustee does not take office within 60 days after the retiring Trustee resigns or is removed, the retiring Trustee, the Issuer or the Holders of at least 10% in principal amount of the Notes may petition, at the expense of the Issuer, any court of competent jurisdiction for the appointment of a successor Trustee.

(e) If the Trustee fails to comply with Section 7.10, any Holder of Notes may petition any court of competent jurisdiction for the removal of the Trustee and the appointment of a successor Trustee with respect to the Notes.

(f) Notwithstanding the replacement of the Trustee pursuant to this Section 7.8, the Issuer’s obligations under Section 7.7 shall continue for the benefit of the retiring Trustee.

Section 7.9 Successor Trustee by Merger.

(a) If either the Canadian Trustee or U.S. Trustee consolidates with, merges or converts into, or transfers all or substantially all its corporate trust business or assets to, another Person, the resulting, surviving or transferee Person without any further act shall, if such resulting, surviving or transferee Person is otherwise eligible under this Indenture, be the successor Canadian Trustee or U.S. Trustee, as applicable.

(b) In case at the time such successor or successors by merger, conversion or consolidation to either the Canadian Trustee or U.S. Trustee shall succeed to the

 

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trusts created by this Indenture, any of the Notes shall have been authenticated but not delivered, any such successor to the U.S. Trustee may adopt the certificate of authentication of any applicable predecessor Trustee, and deliver such Notes so authenticated; and in case at that time any of the Notes shall not have been authenticated, any successor to the U.S. Trustee may authenticate such Notes either in the name of any predecessor hereunder or in the name of the successor to the U.S. Trustee; and in all such cases such certificates shall have the full force which the Notes provide or this Indenture provides that the certificate of the U.S. Trustee shall have.

Section 7.10 Eligibility; Disqualification.

(a) There shall at all times be one or more Trustees under this Indenture, at least one of whom shall at all times be a corporation organized and doing business under the laws of the United States or of any state or of the District of Columbia or a corporation or other person permitted to act as trustee by the SEC, which (1) is authorized under such laws to exercise corporate trust powers, and (2) is subject to supervision or examination by federal, state, or District of Columbia authorities.

(b) Such Trustee shall have at all times a combined capital and surplus of not less than $150,000,000 as set forth in its most recent published annual report of condition.

(c) The rights, powers, duties, and obligations conferred or imposed upon the Trustees or any of them shall be conferred or imposed upon and exercised or performed by such Trustee and such co- trustees jointly, except to the extent that under any law of any jurisdiction in which any particular act or acts are to be performed, such Trustee shall be incompetent or unqualified to perform such act or acts, in which event such rights, powers, duties, and obligations shall be exercised and performed by such co-trustees.

Section 7.11 No Liability for Co-Trustee.

No Trustee appointed hereunder shall be personally liable or responsible by reason of any act or omission of any other Trustee hereunder.

Section 7.12 Limitation on Trustees Liability.

Except as provided in this Article 7, in accepting the trusts hereby created, the entities acting as Trustees are acting solely as Trustees hereunder and not in their individual capacity and, except as provided in this Article 7, all Persons having any claim against either of the Trustees by reason of the transactions contemplated by this Indenture or any Note shall look only to the Issuer for payment or satisfaction thereof.

ARTICLE 8

DISCHARGE OF INDENTURE; DEFEASANCE

Section 8.1 Discharge of Liability On Notes; Defeasance.

 

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(a) When (i) the Issuer delivers to the U.S. Trustee all outstanding Notes (other than Notes replaced pursuant to Section 2.8) for cancellation or (ii) all outstanding Notes not previously delivered to the U.S. Trustee for cancellation: have become due and payable, will become due and payable whether at their stated maturity within one year or are to be called for redemption within one year as a result of a mailing of a notice of irrevocable redemption pursuant to Article 3 hereof, and the Company, the Issuer or a Subsidiary Guarantor irrevocably deposits or causes to be deposited with the U.S. Trustee, in trust, money or U.S. Government Obligations, or a combination thereof (such amount to be certified in the case of U.S. Government Obligations by a nationally recognized firm of independent accountants, a nationally recognized investment bank or a nationally recognized appraisal or valuation firm, with customary assumptions expressing their opinion to the effect that the payments of principal and interest when due and without reinvestment on the deposited U.S. Government Obligations plus any deposited money without investment will provide cash at such times and in such amounts as will be sufficient to pay principal and interest when due on all the Notes to maturity or redemption, as the case may be) sufficient to pay and discharge the entire Indebtedness on the Notes not previously delivered to the U.S. Trustee for cancellation (other than Notes replaced pursuant to Section 2.8), for the principal of, premium, if any, and interest on the Notes to the date of the deposit or to the stated maturity or redemption, as the case may be, then this Indenture and all of the Issuer’s obligations in respect of the Notes shall, subject to Section 8.1(c), cease to be of further effect, and the Issuer shall be deemed to have satisfied and discharged the Indenture and all of its obligations in respect of the Notes. The Trustees shall acknowledge satisfaction and discharge of this Indenture on demand of the Issuer accompanied by an Officers’ Certificate and an Opinion of Counsel and at the cost and expense of the Issuer. For the avoidance of doubt, the Issuer will continue to be obligated to pay all other sums due under the Indenture to the Trustees.

(b) Subject to Sections 8.1(c) and 8.2, the Issuer at any time may terminate (i) all its obligations under the Notes and this Indenture (“legal defeasance option”) or (ii) its obligations under Article 4 (with the exception of Sections 4.1 and 4.3) and Article 5 and the operation of Sections 6.1(c), 6.1(d) (with respect to Sections 4.2, 4.5, 4.6, 4.7 and 4.9), 6.1(e), 6.1(f), 6.1(g), 6.1(h) and 6.1(i) (but, in the case of Sections 6.1(f) and 6.1(g), with respect only to Significant Subsidiaries and the Subsidiary Guarantors) (“covenant defeasance option”). The Issuer may exercise its legal defeasance option notwithstanding its prior exercise of its covenant defeasance option.

If the Issuer exercises its legal defeasance option, payment of the Notes may not be accelerated because of an Event of Default. If the Issuer exercises its covenant defeasance option, payment of the Notes may not be accelerated because of an Event of Default specified in Sections 6.1(c), 6.1(d) (with respect to Sections 4.2, 4.5, 4.6, 4.7 and 4.9), 6.1(e), 6.1(f), 6.1(g), 6.1(h) and 6.1(i) (but, in the case of Sections 6.1(f) and 6.1(g), with respect only to Significant Subsidiaries and the Subsidiary Guarantors) or because of the failure of the Issuer to comply with Article 5. If the Issuer exercises its legal defeasance option or its covenant defeasance option, each Subsidiary Guarantor shall be released from all its obligations with respect to its Subsidiary Guarantee.

 

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Upon satisfaction of the conditions set forth herein and upon request of the Issuer, the Trustees shall acknowledge in writing the discharge of those obligations that the Issuer terminates.

(c) Notwithstanding clauses (a) and (b) above, the Issuer’s rights and obligations in Sections 2.3, 2.4, 2.5, 2.6, 2.8, 2.9, 2.10, 2.11, 2.12, 7.7, 7.8 and this Article 8 shall survive until the Notes have been paid in full. Thereafter, the Issuer’s rights and obligations in Sections 7.7 and 8.4 shall survive.

Section 8.2 Conditions to Defeasance.

(a) The Issuer or the Company may exercise its legal defeasance option or its covenant defeasance option only if:

(i) the Company or the Issuer irrevocably deposits in trust with the U.S. Trustee money in an amount sufficient or U.S. Government Obligations, the principal of and interest on which shall be sufficient, or a combination thereof sufficient to pay the principal of, and premium (if any), and interest, on the Notes when due at maturity or redemption, as the case may be, including interest thereon to maturity or such redemption date;

(ii) the Company or the Issuer delivers to the U.S. Trustee a certificate from a nationally recognized firm of independent public accountants, a nationally recognized investment bank or a nationally recognized appraisal or valuation firm, with customary assumptions expressing their opinion to the effect that the payments of principal and interest when due and without reinvestment on the deposited U.S. Government Obligations plus any deposited money without investment will provide cash at such times and in such amounts as will be sufficient to pay principal and interest when due on all the Notes to maturity or redemption, as the case may be;

(iii) the Company or the Issuer delivers to the Trustees an Opinion of Counsel in Canada to the effect that the beneficial owners of the notes will not recognize income, gain or loss for Canadian federal income tax purposes as a result of the defeasance or covenant defeasance and the defeasance or covenant defeasance will not otherwise alter those beneficial owners’ Canadian federal income tax treatment of principal and interest payments on the notes;

(iv) such defeasance or covenant defeasance does not result in a breach or violation of, or constitute a default under, any indenture or other agreement or instrument for borrowed money to which the Company is a party or by which the Issuer is bound (other than a default or event of default resulting from the borrowing of funds to be applied to such deposit and any simultaneous deposit relating to other indebtedness and, in each case, the granting of Liens in connection therewith);

(v) no Default or Event of Default under this Indenture has occurred and is continuing after giving effect to such defeasance or covenant

 

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defeasance (other than a Default or Event of Default resulting from the borrowing of funds to be applied to such deposit and any simultaneous deposit relating to other indebtedness and, in each case, the granting of Liens in connection therewith);

(vi) the Issuer is not an “insolvent person” within the meaning of the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act (Canada) and is not insolvent, unable to pay its debts in full or on the eve of insolvency under applicable provincial law on the date of such deposit;

(vii) in the case of the legal defeasance option, the Company or the Issuer shall have delivered to the Trustees an Opinion of Counsel to the effect that (A) the Issuer has received from, or there has been published by, the Internal Revenue Service a ruling, or (B) since the date of this Indenture there has been a change in the applicable federal income tax law, in either case to the effect that, and based thereon such Opinion of Counsel shall confirm that, the beneficial owners of the Notes will not recognize income, gain or loss for United States federal income tax purposes as a result of such defeasance and that such defeasance will not otherwise alter those beneficial owners’ United States federal income tax treatment of principal and interest payments on the Notes;

(viii) in the case of the covenant defeasance option, the Company or the Issuer shall have delivered to the Trustees an Opinion of Counsel to the effect that the beneficial owners of the Notes will not recognize income, gain or loss for United States federal income tax purposes as a result such defeasance and that such defeasance will not otherwise alter those beneficial owners’ United States federal income tax treatment of principal and interest payments on the Notes; and

(ix) the Company or the Issuer delivers to the Trustees an Officers’ Certificate and an Opinion of Counsel, each to the effect that all conditions precedent to such defeasance or covenant defeasance as contemplated by this Article 8 have been complied with.

(b) In connection with any defeasance or covenant defeasance involving a redemption that requires the payment of the Applicable Premium, the amount deposited with the U.S. Trustee as provided in Section 8.2(a)(i) in respect of such Applicable Premium shall be sufficient if equal to the Applicable Premium calculated as of the date of deposit, with any deficit as of the date of redemption (any such amount, the “Applicable Premium Deficit”) only required to be deposited with the U.S. Trustee on or prior to the date of redemption. Any Applicable Premium Deficit shall be set forth in an Officer’s Certificate delivered to the U.S. Trustee simultaneously with the deposit of such Applicable Premium Deficit that confirms that such Applicable Premium Deficit shall be applied toward such redemption.

Section 8.3 Application of Trust Money. The U.S. Trustee shall hold in trust money or U.S. Government Obligations deposited with it pursuant to this Article 8. It shall apply the deposited money and the money from U.S. Government Obligations through the

 

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Paying Agent and in accordance with this Indenture to the payment of principal of, interest (if any) and Additional Amounts (if any) on the Notes.

Section 8.4 Repayment to Issuer. The U.S. Trustee and the Paying Agent shall promptly turn over to the Issuer upon request any money or U.S. Government Obligations held by it as provided in this Article which, in the written opinion of a nationally recognized firm of independent public accountants delivered to the Trustees (which delivery shall only be required if U.S. Government Obligations have been so deposited), are in excess of the amount thereof which would then be required to be deposited to effect an equivalent discharge or defeasance in accordance with this Article.

Subject to any applicable abandoned property law, the U.S. Trustee and the Paying Agent shall pay to the Issuer upon request any money held by them for the payment of principal or interest that remains unclaimed for two years, and, thereafter, Holders entitled to the money must look to the Issuer for payment as general creditors.

Section 8.5 Reinstatement. If the U.S. Trustee or Paying Agent is unable to apply any money or U.S. Government Obligations in accordance with this Article 8 by reason of any legal proceeding or by reason of any order or judgment of any court or governmental authority enjoining, restraining or otherwise prohibiting such application, the Issuer’s obligations under this Indenture and the Notes shall be revived and reinstated as though no deposit had occurred pursuant to this Article 8 until such time as the U.S. Trustee or Paying Agent is permitted to apply all such money or U.S. Government Obligations in accordance with this Article 8; provided, however, that, if the Issuer has made any payment of interest on or principal of any Notes because of the reinstatement of its obligations, the Issuer shall be subrogated to the rights of the Holders of such Notes to receive such payment from the money or U.S. Government Obligations held by the U.S. Trustee or Paying Agent.

ARTICLE 9

AMENDMENTS

Section 9.1 Without Consent of Holders.

(a) The Company, the Issuer, the Subsidiary Guarantors and the Trustees may enter into supplemental indentures that amend, waive or supplement the terms of this Indenture, the Notes, the Company Guarantee or the Subsidiary Guarantees without notice to or consent of any Holder for the following specific purposes:

(i) to evidence the assumption by a successor Person of the obligations of the Company, the Issuer or any Subsidiary Guarantor under this Indenture, the Notes, the Company Guarantee and the Subsidiary Guarantees;

(ii) to add guarantees with respect to the Notes or release a Subsidiary Guarantor from its obligations under its Subsidiary Guarantee or this Indenture as permitted by this Indenture;

 

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(iii) to convey, transfer, assign, mortgage or pledge any property to or with the Trustees for the benefit of the Holders;

(iv) to surrender any right or power this Indenture may confer on the Company or the Issuer;

(v) to add to the covenants made in this Indenture for the benefit of the Holders of all Notes (as determined in good faith by the Issuer);

(vi) to make any change that does not adversely affect the rights of any Holder in any material respect (as determined in good faith by the Issuer);

(vii) to add any additional Events of Default;

(viii) to secure the Notes, the Company Guarantee or any Subsidiary Guarantee;

(ix) to evidence and provide for the acceptance of appointment by additional or successor Trustees with respect to the Notes;

(x) to cure any ambiguity, defect or inconsistency in the Indenture;

(xi) to conform the text of this Indenture, the Notes, the Company Guarantee or the Subsidiary Guarantees to any provision contained under the heading “Description of Notes” in the Offering Memorandum to the extent that such provision contained under the heading “Description of Notes” in the Offering Memorandum was intended to be a verbatim recitation of a provision of this Indenture, the Notes, the Company Guarantee or the Subsidiary Guarantees (as determined in good faith by the Issuer);

(xii) to provide for the issuance of Additional Notes in accordance with the limitations set forth in this Indenture as of the Issue Date;

(xiii) if permitted by applicable law, to combine the responsibilities and obligations of the U.S. Trustee and the Canadian Trustee into a single trustee for all purposes of this Indenture and the Notes or to remove the Canadian Trustee, subject to the assumption of the Canadian Trustee’s obligations under this Indenture by the U.S. Trustee;

(xiv) to make any amendment to the provisions of this Indenture relating to the transfer, legending and delegending of Notes as permitted by this Indenture, including, without limitation, to facilitate the issuance, administration and book-entry transfer of the Notes; provided, however, that (i) compliance with this Indenture as so amended would not result in the Notes being transferred in violation of the Securities Act or any applicable securities law, including Canadian Securities Laws, and (ii) such amendment does

 

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not materially and adversely affect the rights of Holders to transfer the Notes (except as may be required to comply with securities laws); or

(xv) to supplement any provisions of this Indenture necessary to defease and discharge the Notes or this Indenture (in accordance with Article 8 herein); provided that such action does not adversely affect the interests of the Holders of any Notes in any material respect (as determined in good faith by the Issuer).

(b) After an amendment under this Section 9.1 becomes effective, the Issuer shall mail to Holders a notice briefly describing such amendment. The failure to give such notice to all Holders, or any defect therein, shall not impair or affect the validity of an amendment under this Section.

Section 9.2 With Consent of Holders; Waiver.

(a) The Company, the Issuer, the Subsidiary Guarantors and the Trustees may modify and amend any of this Indenture, the Notes and the Subsidiary Guarantees with the written consent of the Holders of not less than a majority in aggregate principal amount of the then outstanding Notes (including, without limitation, consents obtained in connection with a purchase of, or tender offer or exchange offer for, such Notes). However, no modification or amendment may, without the consent of the Holder of each outstanding Note affected thereby:

(i) change the stated maturity of the principal of, or any installment of interest payable on, the outstanding Notes;

(ii) reduce the principal amount of, or the rate of interest on, any outstanding Notes or the premium, if any, payable upon the redemption thereof that would be due and payable upon redemption of such Note (other than the provisions pursuant to Section 4.9) or would be provable in bankruptcy, or adversely affect any right of repayment of the Holder of the outstanding Notes;

(iii) reduce the amount of principal of Notes payable upon acceleration of the maturity thereof;

(iv) change the place of payment or the coin or currency in which the principal of or premium, if any, or the interest on the outstanding Notes is payable;

(v) impair any Holder’s right to receive payment of principal, premium, if any, and interest on the outstanding Notes on or after the due dates therefor or any Holder’s right to institute suit for the enforcement of any payment on or with respect to the outstanding Notes;

(vi) modify the Subsidiary Guarantees in any manner adverse to the Holders of the Notes (but, for the avoidance of doubt, not including modifications necessary to give effect to any of the provisions set forth in Section 10.6 or Section 4.7);

 

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(vii) reduce the percentage of the Holders of the outstanding Notes necessary to modify or amend this Indenture, to waive compliance with any provision of this Indenture or certain Defaults and consequences of the Defaults or to reduce the quorum or voting requirements set forth in this Indenture;

(viii) release the Company from any of its obligations under the Company Guarantee or this Indenture or modify the Company Guarantee in any manner adverse to the Holders of the Notes; or

(ix) modify any of the provisions of this Section 9.2 or any of the provisions relating to the waiver of certain past defaults or provisions of this Indenture, except to increase the required percentage to effect such action or to provide that certain other provisions may not be modified or waived without the consent of all of the Holders of Notes.

(b) It shall not be necessary for the consent of the Holders under this Section to approve the particular form of any proposed amendment, but it shall be sufficient if such consent approves the substance thereof.

(c) After an amendment under this Section 9.2 becomes effective, the Issuer shall mail to Holders a notice briefly describing such amendment. The failure to give such notice to all Holders, or any defect therein, shall not impair or affect the validity of an amendment under this Section.

(d) Subject to Sections 9.1(a) and 9.2(a), the Holders of not less than a majority in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding Notes may, on behalf of the Holders of all the Notes, waive (including, without limitation, by consent obtained in connection with a purchase of, or tender offer or exchange offer for, such Notes) compliance by the Company or the Issuer with any provision of this Indenture. The Holders of not less than a majority in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding Notes may, on behalf of the Holders of all the Notes, waive (including, without limitation, by consent obtained in connection with a purchase of, or tender offer or exchange offer for, such Notes) past defaults by the Company or the Issuer under certain covenants of this Indenture which relate to the Notes. However, a default in the payment of the principal of, premium, if any, or interest on, any of the Notes or relating to a provision which under this Indenture cannot be modified or amended without the consent of the Holder of each outstanding Note affected may not be so waived.

Section 9.3 Revocation and Effect of Consents and Waivers.

(a) A consent to an amendment or a waiver by a Holder of a Note shall bind the Holder and every subsequent Holder of that Note or portion of the Note that evidences the same debt as the consenting Holder’s Note, even if notation of the consent or waiver is not made on the Note. However, any such Holder or subsequent Holder may revoke the consent or waiver as to such Holder’s Note or portion of the Note if the Trustees receive written notice of revocation at the Corporate Trust Office of the U.S. Trustee before the date the amendment or waiver becomes effective. After an amendment or waiver becomes effective, it shall bind every

 

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Holder. An amendment or waiver becomes effective upon the (i) receipt by the Issuer or the Trustees of the requisite number of consents, (ii) satisfaction of the conditions to effectiveness as set forth in this Indenture and any indenture supplemental hereto containing such amendment or waiver and (iii) execution of such amendment or waiver (or Guarantee Agreement) by the Issuer and the Trustees.

(b) The Issuer may, but shall not be obligated to, fix a record date for the purpose of determining the Holders entitled to give their consent or take any other action described above or required or permitted to be taken pursuant to this Indenture. If a record date is fixed, then notwithstanding the immediately preceding paragraph, those Persons who were Holders at such record date (or their duly designated proxies), and only those Persons, shall be entitled to give such consent or to revoke any consent previously given or to take any such action, whether or not such Persons continue to be Holders after such record date. No such consent shall be valid or effective for more than 120 days after such record date.

Section 9.4 Notation on or Exchange of Notes. If an amendment changes the terms of a Note, the U.S. Trustee may require the Holder of the Note to deliver it to the U.S. Trustee. The U.S. Trustee may place an appropriate notation on the Note regarding the changed terms and return it to the Holder. Alternatively, if the Issuer or the U.S. Trustee so determines, the Issuer in exchange for the Note shall issue and the U.S. Trustee shall authenticate a new Note that reflects the changed terms. Failure to make the appropriate notation or to issue a new Note shall not affect the validity of such amendment.

Section 9.5 Trustees To Sign Amendments, etc. Each of the Trustees shall sign any amendment, supplement or waiver authorized pursuant to this Article 9 if the amendment does not adversely affect the rights, duties, liabilities or immunities of such Trustee. If it does, such Trustee may but need not sign it. In signing such amendment the Trustees shall be entitled to receive indemnity reasonably satisfactory to it and to receive, and (subject to Section 7.1) shall be fully protected in relying upon, an Officers’ Certificate and an Opinion of Counsel to the effect that such amendment is authorized or permitted by this Indenture and complies with the provisions hereof and is legally valid and binding against the Company, the Issuer and the Subsidiary Guarantors.

ARTICLE 10

GUARANTEES

Section 10.1 Guarantees.

(a) The Company and each Subsidiary Guarantor hereby jointly and severally irrevocably and unconditionally guarantee to each Holder and to the Trustees and their respective successors and assigns (i) the full and punctual payment when due, whether at Stated Maturity, by acceleration, by redemption or otherwise, of all obligations of the Issuer under this Indenture (including obligations to the Trustees) and the Notes, whether for payment of principal of, or interest on in respect of the Notes and all other monetary obligations of the Issuer under this Indenture and the Notes and (ii) the full and punctual performance within applicable grace periods of all other obligations of the Issuer whether for fees, expenses, indemnification or

 

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otherwise under this Indenture and the Notes (all the foregoing being hereinafter collectively called the “Guaranteed Obligations”). The Company and each Subsidiary Guarantor further agree that the Guaranteed Obligations may be extended or renewed, in whole or in part, without notice or further assent from the Company and each such Subsidiary Guarantor, and that the Company and each such Subsidiary Guarantor shall remain bound under this Article 10 notwithstanding any extension or renewal of any Guaranteed Obligation.

(b) The Company and each Subsidiary Guarantor waive presentation to, demand of payment from and protest to the Issuer of any of the Guaranteed Obligations and also waive notice of protest for nonpayment. The Company and each Subsidiary Guarantor waive notice of any default under the Notes or the Guaranteed Obligations. The obligations of the Company and each Subsidiary Guarantor hereunder shall not be affected by (i) the failure of any Holder or the Trustees to assert any claim or demand or to enforce any right or remedy against the Issuer or any other Person under this Indenture, the Notes or any other agreement or otherwise, (ii) any extension or renewal of any thereof, (iii) any rescission, waiver, amendment or modification of any of the terms or provisions of this Indenture, the Notes or any other agreement, (iv) the failure of any Holder or Trustee to exercise any right or remedy against any other guarantor of the Guaranteed Obligations or (vi) any change in the ownership of the Company or such Subsidiary Guarantor.

(c) The Company and each Subsidiary Guarantor hereby waive any right to which they may be entitled to have their respective obligations hereunder divided among the Company or the Subsidiary Guarantors, as applicable, such that the Company’s or such Subsidiary Guarantor’s obligations would be less than the full amount claimed. The Company and each Subsidiary Guarantor hereby waive any right to which they may be entitled to have the assets of the Issuer first be used and depleted as payment of the Company’s, the Issuer’s or such Subsidiary Guarantor’s obligations hereunder prior to any amounts being claimed from or paid by the Company or such Subsidiary Guarantor hereunder. The Company and each Subsidiary Guarantor hereby waive any right to which they may be entitled to require that the Issuer be sued prior to an action being initiated against the Company or such Subsidiary Guarantor.

(d) The Company and each Subsidiary Guarantor further agree that their Company Guarantee or Subsidiary Guarantee, as applicable, herein constitute a guarantee of payment, performance and compliance when due (and not a guarantee of collection) and waive any right to require that any resort be had by any Holder or the Trustees to any security held for payment of the Guaranteed Obligations.

(e) Except as expressly set forth in Section 8.1(b), 10.2 and 10.6, the obligations of the Company and each Subsidiary Guarantor hereunder shall not be subject to any reduction, limitation, impairment or termination for any reason, including any claim of waiver, release, surrender, alteration or compromise, and shall not be subject to any defense of setoff, counterclaim, recoupment or termination whatsoever or by reason of the invalidity, illegality or unenforceability of the Guaranteed Obligations or otherwise.

Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, the obligations of the Company and each Subsidiary Guarantor herein shall not be discharged or impaired or otherwise affected by the failure of any Holder or the Trustees to assert any claim or demand or to enforce any remedy

 

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under this Indenture, the Notes or any other agreement, by any waiver or modification of any thereof, by any default, failure or delay, willful or otherwise, in the performance of the obligations, or by any other act or thing or omission or delay to do any other act or thing which may or might in any manner or to any extent vary the risk of the Company or any Subsidiary Guarantor or would otherwise operate as a discharge of the Company or any Subsidiary Guarantor as a matter of law or equity.

(f) Subject to Section 10.6, the Company and each Subsidiary Guarantor agree that their Company Guarantee or Subsidiary Guarantee, as applicable, shall remain in full force and effect until payment in full of all the Guaranteed Obligations. The Company and each Subsidiary Guarantor further agree, subject to Section 10.6, that their Company Guarantee or Subsidiary Guarantee, as applicable, herein shall continue to be effective or be reinstated, as the case may be, if at any time payment, or any part thereof, of principal of or interest on any Guaranteed Obligation is rescinded or must otherwise be restored by any Holder or the Trustees upon the bankruptcy or reorganization of the Issuer or otherwise.

(g) In furtherance of the foregoing and not in limitation of any other right which any Holder or the Trustees have at law or in equity against the Company or any Subsidiary Guarantor by virtue hereof, upon the failure of the Issuer to pay the principal of or interest on any Guaranteed Obligation when and as the same shall become due, whether at maturity, by acceleration, by redemption or otherwise, or to perform or comply with any other Guaranteed Obligation, the Company and each Subsidiary Guarantor hereby promise to and shall, upon receipt of written demand by the Trustees, forthwith pay, or cause to be paid, in cash, to the Holders or the Trustees an amount equal to the sum of (i) the unpaid principal amount of such Guaranteed Obligations, (ii) accrued and unpaid interest on such Guaranteed Obligations (but only to the extent not prohibited by law) and (iii) all other monetary obligations of the Issuer to the Holders and the Trustees.

(h) The Company and each Subsidiary Guarantor agree that they shall not be entitled to any right of subrogation in relation to the Holders in respect of any Guaranteed Obligations guaranteed hereby until payment or discharge in full of all Guaranteed Obligations other than obligations for fees and expenses. The Company and each Subsidiary Guarantor further agree that, as between it, on the one hand, and the Holders and the Trustees, on the other hand, (i) the maturity of the Guaranteed Obligations guaranteed hereby may be accelerated as provided in Article 6 for the purposes of the Company Guarantee or any Subsidiary Guarantee herein, notwithstanding any stay, injunction or other prohibition preventing such acceleration in respect of the Guaranteed Obligations guaranteed hereby, and (ii) in the event of any declaration of acceleration of such Guaranteed Obligations as provided in Article 6, such Guaranteed Obligations (whether or not due and payable) shall forthwith become due and payable by the Company or such Subsidiary Guarantor for the purposes of this Section 10.1.

(i) The Company and each Subsidiary Guarantor also agree to pay any and all costs and expenses (including reasonable attorneys’ fees and expenses) incurred by the Trustees or any Holder in enforcing any rights under this Section 10.1.

 

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(j) Upon request of the Trustees, the Company and each Subsidiary Guarantor shall execute and deliver such further instruments and do such further acts as may be reasonably necessary or proper to carry out more effectively the purpose of this Indenture.

Section 10.2 Limitation on Liability. Any term or provision of this Indenture to the contrary notwithstanding, the maximum aggregate amount of the Guaranteed Obligations guaranteed hereunder by the Company or any Subsidiary Guarantor shall not exceed the maximum amount that can be hereby guaranteed without rendering this Indenture, as it relates to the Company or such Subsidiary Guarantor, voidable under applicable law relating to fraudulent conveyance or fraudulent transfer or voidable transaction or similar laws affecting the rights of creditors generally. This Indenture does not apply to any liability to the extent that it would result in this Indenture constituting unlawful financial assistance within the meaning of s. 678 or s. 679 of the Companies Act 2006 of the United Kingdom.

Section 10.3 Successors and Assigns. This Article 10 shall be binding upon the Company and each Subsidiary Guarantor and their successors and assigns and shall inure to the benefit of the successors and assigns of the Trustees and the Holders and, in the event of any transfer or assignment of rights by any Holder or the Trustees, the rights and privileges conferred upon that party in this Indenture and in the Notes shall automatically extend to and be vested in such transferee or assignee, all subject to the terms and conditions of this Indenture.

Section 10.4 No Waiver. Neither a failure nor a delay on the part of either the Trustees or the Holders in exercising any right, power or privilege under this Article 10 shall operate as a waiver thereof, nor shall a single or partial exercise thereof preclude any other or further exercise of any right, power or privilege. The rights, remedies and benefits of the Trustees and the Holders herein expressly specified are cumulative and not exclusive of any other rights, remedies or benefits which either may have under this Article 10 at law, in equity, by statute or otherwise.

Section 10.5 Modification. No modification, amendment or waiver of any provision of this Article 10, nor the consent to any departure by the Company or any Subsidiary Guarantor therefrom, shall in any event be effective unless the same shall be in writing and signed by the Trustees, and then such waiver or consent shall be effective only in the specific instance and for the purpose for which given. No notice to or demand on the Company or any Subsidiary Guarantor in any case shall entitle the Company or such Subsidiary Guarantor to any other or further notice or demand in the same, similar or other circumstances.

Section 10.6 Release of Guarantor. Each of the guarantors, other than the Company, may be released upon the occurrence of certain conditions. A Subsidiary Guarantor shall be automatically released from its obligations under this Article 10 (other than any obligation that may have arisen under Section 10.7) upon:

(a)

(i) the release of such Subsidiary Guarantor from its obligations as a guarantor under the Senior Credit Facilities (other than in connection with payment in full of such Senior Credit Facilities) or in respect of

 

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such other debt that caused it to become a Subsidiary Guarantor under Section 4.7, so long as such Subsidiary Guarantor would not then otherwise be required to be a Subsidiary Guarantor pursuant to Section 4.7;

(ii) the sale, issuance or other disposition of Capital Stock of such Subsidiary Guarantor (including by way of merger, amalgamation or consolidation) such that such Subsidiary Guarantor ceases to be a Subsidiary of the Company, or the sale of all or substantially all of the assets of such Subsidiary Guarantor to a Person that is not (either before or after giving effect to such transaction) the Company or a Subsidiary, so long as such sale, issuance or other disposition of Capital Stock is not prohibited by the terms of this Indenture;

(iii) immediately prior to or following the dissolution of such Subsidiary Guarantor; or

(iv) the Issuer exercising its legal defeasance option or its covenant defeasance option pursuant to Article 8 or if the Issuer’s obligations under this Indenture are discharged in accordance with the terms of this Indenture;

(b) the Company, the Issuer or such Subsidiary Guarantor delivering to the Trustees an Officers’ Certificate and an Opinion of Counsel, each stating that all conditions provided for in this Indenture relating to such transaction have been complied with, except in the case of a merger, consolidation or amalgamation of a Subsidiary Guarantor into or with the Company or the Issuer; and

(c) at the request of the Issuer, the Trustees shall execute and deliver an appropriate instrument evidencing such release (in the form provided by the Issuer).

Section 10.7 Execution of Guarantee Agreement for Future Subsidiary Guarantors. The Issuer shall cause each Subsidiary which is required to become a Subsidiary Guarantor pursuant to Section 4.7 to within the time period specified therein execute and deliver to the Trustees a Guarantee Agreement pursuant to which such Subsidiary shall become a Subsidiary Guarantor under this Article 10 and shall guarantee the Guaranteed Obligations. Concurrently with the execution and delivery of such Guarantee Agreement, the Issuer will deliver to the Trustees an Officers’ Certificate and an Opinion of Counsel stating that all conditions provided for in this Indenture relating to such transaction have been complied with except in the case of a merger, consolidation or amalgamation of a Subsidiary Guarantor into or with the Company or the Issuer.

Section 10.8 Non-Impairment. The failure to endorse a Company Guarantee or a Subsidiary Guarantee on any Note shall not affect or impair the validity thereof.

Section 10.9 Contribution. The Company and each Subsidiary Guarantor that makes a payment under its Company Guarantee or Subsidiary Guarantee, as applicable, shall be entitled upon payment in full of all Guaranteed Obligations under this Indenture to a contribution from the Company and each Subsidiary Guarantor in an amount equal to the Company’s or such Subsidiary Guarantor’s pro rata portion of such payment based on the respective net assets of the

 

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Company and all the Subsidiary Guarantors at the time of such payment determined in accordance with GAAP.

ARTICLE 11

MISCELLANEOUS

Section 11.1 [Reserved].

Section 11.2 Notices. Any notice or communication shall be in writing and delivered in person or mailed by first class mail addressed as follows:

if to the Company, the Issuer or any Subsidiary Guarantor:

Open Text Holdings, Inc.

2950 South Delaware Street, Suite 400

San Mateo, CA 94403

Phone: (650) 645-3000

with copies to:

Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton LLP

One Liberty Plaza

New York, New York 10006

Attention: Craig B. Brod

Facsimile: 212-225-3999

and

Blake, Cassels & Graydon LLP

199 Bay Street, Suite 4000

Commerce Court West

Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5L 1A9

Attention: Chris Hewat

Facsimile: 416-863-2653

if to the U.S. Trustee:

The Bank of New York Mellon

240 Greenwich Street, 7th Floor East

New York, NY 10286

Attention: Corporate Trust Administration

Facsimile: 212-815-5366

Telephone: (212) 815-2274

 

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if to the Canadian Trustee:

BNY Trust Company of Canada

1 York Street, 6th Floor

Toronto, Ontario M5J 0B6

Attention: Corporate Trust Administration

Facsimile: (416) 360-1711

Email: csmtoronto@bnymellon.com

Telephone: (416) 933-8500

The Company, the Issuer, any Subsidiary Guarantor or the Trustees by notice to the other may designate additional or different addresses for subsequent notices or communications.

Any notice or communication mailed to a Holder shall be mailed to the Holder at the Holder’s address as it appears on the Register and shall be sufficiently given if so mailed within the time prescribed.

Failure to mail a notice or communication to a Holder or any defect in it shall not affect its sufficiency with respect to other Holders. If a notice or communication is mailed in the manner provided above, it is duly given, whether or not the addressee receives it.

Where this Indenture provides for notice in any manner, such notice may be waived in writing by the Person entitled to receive such notice, either before or after the event, and such waiver shall be the equivalent of such notice. Waivers of notice by Holders shall be filed with the Trustees, but such filing shall not be a condition precedent to the validity of any action taken in reliance upon such waiver.

Where this Indenture provides for notice of any event (including any notice of redemption) to a Holder of a Global Note (whether by mail or otherwise), such notice shall be sufficiently given if given to the Depositary for such Note (or its designee), pursuant to the applicable procedures of such Depositary, if any, prescribed for the giving of such notice.

If the Issuer sends a notice or communication to the Holders, it shall mail a copy to each of the Trustees at the same time.

Section 11.3 Trustee Instructions. “Electronic Means” shall mean the following communications methods: e-mail, facsimile transmission, secure electronic transmission containing applicable authorization codes, passwords and/or authentication keys issued by the Trustees, or another method or system specified by the Trustees as available for use in connection with its services hereunder.

The Trustees shall have the right to accept and act upon instructions, including funds transfer instructions (“Instructions”) given pursuant to this Indenture and delivered using Electronic Means; provided, however, that the Issuer shall provide to the Trustees an incumbency certificate listing officers with the authority to provide such Instructions (“Authorized Officers”) and containing specimen signatures of such Authorized Officers, which incumbency certificate shall be amended by the Issuer whenever a person is to be added or deleted from the listing. If the Issuer elects to give the Trustees Instructions using Electronic Means and the Trustees in their

 

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discretion elects to act upon such Instructions, the Trustees’ understanding of such Instructions shall be deemed controlling. The Issuer understands and agrees that the Trustees cannot determine the identity of the actual sender of such Instructions and that the Trustees shall conclusively presume that directions that purport to have been sent by an Authorized Officer listed on the incumbency certificate provided to the Trustees have been sent by such Authorized Officer. The Issuer shall be responsible for ensuring that only Authorized Officers transmit such Instructions to the Trustees and that the Issuer and all Authorized Officers are solely responsible to safeguard the use and confidentiality of applicable user and authorization codes, passwords and/or authentication keys upon receipt by the Issuer. The Trustees shall not be liable for any losses, costs or expenses arising directly or indirectly from the Trustees’ reliance upon and compliance with such Instructions notwithstanding such directions conflict or are inconsistent with a subsequent written instruction. The Issuer agrees: (i) to assume all risks arising out of the use of Electronic Means to submit Instructions to the Trustees, including without limitation the risk of the Trustees acting on unauthorized Instructions, and the risk of interception and misuse by third parties; (ii) that it is fully informed of the protections and risks associated with the various methods of transmitting Instructions to the Trustees and that there may be more secure methods of transmitting Instructions than the method(s) selected by the Issuer; (iii) that the security procedures (if any) to be followed in connection with its transmission of Instructions provide to it a commercially reasonable degree of protection in light of its particular needs and circumstances; and (iv) to notify the Trustees immediately upon learning of any compromise or unauthorized use of the security procedures.

Section 11.4 Certificate and Opinion as to Conditions Precedent. Upon any request or application by the Issuer to the Trustees to take or refrain from taking any action under this Indenture (except for authentication of the Notes by the Trustees on the Issue Date, which shall not require an Opinion of Counsel), the Issuer shall furnish to the Trustees:

(a) an Officers’ Certificate in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Trustees (which shall include the statements set forth in Section 11.5) to the effect that, in the opinion of the signers, all conditions precedent and covenants, if any, provided for in this Indenture relating to the proposed action have been complied with; and

(b) an Opinion of Counsel in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Trustees (which shall include the statements set forth in Section 11.5) to the effect that, in the opinion of such counsel, all such conditions precedent and covenants have been complied with.

Section 11.5 Statements Required in Certificate or Opinion. Each certificate or opinion with respect to compliance with a covenant or condition provided for in this Indenture shall include:

(a) a statement to the effect that the individual making such certificate or opinion has read such covenant or condition and the related definitions;

(b) a brief statement as to the nature and scope of the examination or investigation upon which the statements or opinions contained in such certificate or opinion are based;

 

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(c) a statement to the effect that, in the opinion of such individual, he or she has made such examination or investigation as is necessary to enable him or her to express an informed opinion as to whether or not such covenant or condition has been complied with; and

(d) a statement as to whether or not, in the opinion of such individual, such covenant or condition has been complied with.

Section 11.6 When Notes Disregarded. In determining whether the Holders of the required principal amount of Notes have concurred in any direction, waiver or consent, Notes owned by the Company, the Issuer, any Subsidiary Guarantor or by any Person directly or indirectly controlling or controlled by or under direct or indirect common control with the Company, the Issuer or any Subsidiary Guarantor shall be disregarded and deemed not to be outstanding, except that, for the purpose of determining whether the Trustees shall be protected in relying on any such direction, waiver or consent, only Notes which the Trustees know are so owned shall be so disregarded. Also, subject to the foregoing, only Notes outstanding at the time shall be considered in any such determination.

Section 11.7 Rules by U.S. Trustee, Paying Agent and Registrar. The U.S. Trustee may make reasonable rules for action by or a meeting of Holders. The Canadian Trustee, Registrar or the Paying Agent may make reasonable rules for their functions.

Section 11.8 Business Days. If a payment date is not a Business Day, payment shall be made on the next succeeding day that is a Business Day, and no interest shall accrue for the intervening period. If a regular record date is not a Business Day, the record date shall not be affected.

Section 11.9 Governing Law. This Indenture and the Notes shall be governed by, and construed in accordance with, the laws of the State of New York. This Indenture provides that the Company, the Issuer, the Trustees, and each Holder by its acceptance hereof, irrevocably waives, to the fullest extent permitted by applicable law, any and all right to trial by jury in any legal proceeding arising out of or relating to this Indenture, the Notes or any transaction contemplated hereby or thereby.

Section 11.10 No Recourse Against Others. A director, officer, employee or stockholder, as such, of the Company, the Issuer or any Subsidiary Guarantor, or of any stockholder of the Company, the Issuer or any Subsidiary Guarantor, shall not have any liability for any obligations of the Company, the Issuer or any Subsidiary Guarantor, either directly or through the Company, the Issuer or any Subsidiary Guarantor, as the case may be, under the Notes or this Indenture or for any claim based on, in respect of or by reason of such obligations or their creation whether by virtue of any rule of law, statute or constitutional provision or by the enforcement of any assessment or by any legal or equitable proceeding or otherwise. By accepting a Note, each Holder shall waive and release all and all such liability. The waiver and release shall be part of the consideration for the issue of the Notes.

 

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Section 11.11 Successors. All agreements of the Company, the Issuer and any Subsidiary Guarantor in this Indenture and the Notes shall bind its successors. All agreements of either of the Trustees in this Indenture shall bind each of its respective successors.

Section 11.12 Multiple Originals. The parties may sign any number of copies of this Indenture. Each signed copy shall be an original, but all of them together represent the same agreement. The exchange of copies of this Indenture and of signature pages by facsimile or PDF transmission shall constitute effective execution and delivery of this Indenture as to the parties hereto and may be used in lieu of the original Indenture for all purposes. Signatures of all the parties hereto transmitted by facsimile or PDF shall be deemed to be their original signatures for all purposes other than the U.S. Trustee’s signature on the certificate of authentication on each Note.

Section 11.13 Table of Contents; Headings. The table of contents, cross reference sheet and headings of the Articles and Sections of this Indenture have been inserted for convenience of reference only, are not intended to be considered a part hereof and shall not modify or restrict any of the terms or provisions hereof.

Section 11.14 WAIVER OF TRIAL BY JURY. EACH PARTY HERETO, AND EACH HOLDER OF SECURITIES BY ITS ACCEPTANCE THEREOF, HEREBY IRREVOCABLY WAIVES, TO THE FULLEST EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW, ANY AND ALL RIGHT IT MAY HAVE TO TRIAL BY JURY IN ANY LEGAL PROCEEDING DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY ARISING OUT OF OR RELATING TO THIS INDENTURE, THE NOTES OR THE TRANSACTIONS CONTEMPLATED HEREBY OR THEREBY.

Section 11.15 Force Majeure. In no event shall either of the Trustees be responsible or liable for any failure or delay in the performance of their obligations hereunder arising out of or caused by, directly or indirectly, forces beyond its control, including, without limitation, strikes, work stoppages, accidents, acts of war or terrorism, civil or military disturbances, nuclear or natural catastrophes or acts of God, and interruptions, loss or malfunctions of utilities, communications or computer (software and hardware) services; it being understood that the Trustees shall use reasonable efforts that are consistent with accepted practices in the banking industry to resume performance as soon as practicable under the circumstances.

Section 11.16 USA Patriot Act Compliance. To help the government fight the funding of terrorism and money laundering activities, federal law requires all financial institutions to obtain, verify and record information that identifies each Person who opens an account. For a non-individual Person such as a business entity, a charity, a trust or other legal entity, the Trustees will ask for documentation to verify its formation and existence as a legal entity. The Trustees may also ask to see financial statements, licenses, identification and authorization documents from individuals claiming authority to represent the entity or other relevant documentation. The Company, the Issuer and the Subsidiary Guarantors agree to provide all such information and documentation as to themselves as requested by the U.S. Trustee to ensure compliance with federal law.

 

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Section 11.17 Submission to Jurisdiction.

The Company and each Subsidiary Guarantor not organized in the United States shall appoint Corporation Service Company as its agent for service of process in any suit, action or proceeding with respect to this Indenture, the Notes, the Company Guarantee and the Subsidiary Guarantees and for actions brought under the U.S. federal or state securities laws brought in any U.S. federal or state court located in the Borough of Manhattan in the County and City of New York. The Company, the Issuer and each Subsidiary Guarantor irrevocably and unconditionally submit to the non-exclusive jurisdiction of the U.S. federal or state courts sitting in the Borough of Manhattan in the County and City of New York over any suit, action or proceeding arising out of or relating to this Indenture, the Notes, the Company Guarantee and the Subsidiary Guarantees and for actions brought under the U.S. federal or state securities laws. Service of any process on Corporation Service Company in any such action (and written notice of such service to the Issuer) shall be effective service of process against the Company or any Subsidiary Guarantor not organized in the United States with respect to any such suit, action or proceeding. The Company, the Issuer and each Subsidiary Guarantor irrevocably and unconditionally waives any objection to the laying of venue of any such suit, action or proceeding brought in any such court and any claim that any such suit, action or proceeding has been brought in an inconvenient forum. A final judgment in any such suit, action or proceeding brought in any such court shall be conclusive and binding upon the Company, the Issuer and each Subsidiary Guarantor and may be enforced in any other courts to whose jurisdiction the Issuer is or may be subject, by suit upon judgment. The Company, the Issuer and each Subsidiary Guarantor further agrees that nothing herein shall affect any Holder’s right to effect service of process in any other manner permitted by law or bring a suit action or proceeding (including a proceeding for enforcement of a judgment) in any other court or jurisdiction in accordance with applicable law.

Section 11.18 Waiver of Immunity.

To the extent that each of the Company, the Issuer and the Subsidiary Guarantors, or any of their respective properties, assets or revenues may have or may hereafter become entitled to, or have attributed to each of the Company, the Issuer and the Subsidiary Guarantors, any right of immunity, on the grounds of sovereignty or otherwise, from any legal action, suit or proceeding, from the giving of any relief in any such legal action, suit or proceeding, from setoff or counterclaim, from the jurisdiction of any Canadian, New York state or U.S. federal court, from service of process, from attachment upon or prior to judgment, from attachment in aid of execution of judgment, or from execution of judgment, or other legal process or proceeding for the giving of any relief or for the enforcement of any judgment, in any such court in which proceedings may at any time be commenced, with respect to the obligations and liabilities of each of the Company, the Issuer and the Subsidiary Guarantors or any other matter under or arising out of or in connection with this Indenture, each of the Company, the Issuer and the Subsidiary Guarantors hereby irrevocably and unconditionally waives or will waive such right to the extent permitted by applicable law, and agrees not to plead or claim, any such immunity and consent to such relief and enforcement.

Section 11.19 Conversion of Currency.

 

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If for the purposes of obtaining judgment in any court it is necessary to convert a sum due under this Indenture to the Holder from U.S. dollars to another currency, the Company, the Issuer and each Subsidiary Guarantor has agreed, and each Holder by holding such Note will be deemed to have agreed, to the fullest extent that the Company, the Issuer, each Subsidiary Guarantor and they may effectively do so, that the rate of exchange used shall be that at which in accordance with normal banking procedures such Holder could purchase U.S. dollars with such other currency in New York City, New York on the Business Day preceding the day on which final judgment is given.

The Company’s, the Issuer’s and Subsidiary Guarantors’ obligations to any Holder will, notwithstanding any judgment in a currency (the “Judgment Currency”) other than U.S. dollars, be discharged only to the extent that on the Business Day following receipt by such Holder or the U.S. Trustee, as the case may be, of any amount in such Judgment Currency, such Holder may in accordance with normal banking procedures purchase U.S. dollars with the Judgment Currency. If the amount of the U.S. dollars so purchased is less than the amount originally to be paid to such Holder or the U.S. Trustee in the Judgment Currency (as determined in the manner set forth in the preceding paragraph), as the case may be, each of the Company, the Issuer and the Subsidiary Guarantors, jointly and severally, agrees, as a separate obligation and notwithstanding any such judgment, to indemnify the Holder and the U.S. Trustee, as the case may be, against any such loss. If the amount of the U.S. dollars so purchased is more than the amount originally to be paid to such Holder or the U.S. Trustee, as the case may be, such Holder or the U.S. Trustee, as the case may be, will pay the Company, the Issuer and the Subsidiary Guarantors, such excess; provided that such Holder or the U.S. Trustee, as the case may be, shall not have any obligation to pay any such excess as long as a Default under the Notes or this Indenture has occurred and is continuing or if the Company, the Issuer or the Subsidiary Guarantors shall have failed to pay any Holder or the U.S. Trustee any amounts then due and payable under such Note or this Indenture, in which case such excess may be applied by such Holder or the U.S. Trustee to such Obligations.

Section 11.20 OFAC Sanctions.

(a) Each of the Issuer and the Company covenants and represents that neither it nor any of its affiliates, subsidiaries, directors or officers are the target or subject of any sanctions enforced by the US Government, (including, the Office of Foreign Assets Control of the US Department of the Treasury (“OFAC”)), the United Nations Security Council, the European Union, Her Majesty’s Treasury, or other relevant sanctions authority (collectively “Sanctions”).

(b) Each of the Issuer and the Company covenants and represents that neither it nor any of its affiliates, subsidiaries, directors or officers will use any part of the proceeds received in connection with the Indenture or any other of the transaction documents (i) to fund or facilitate any activities of or business with any person who, at the time of such funding or facilitation, is the subject or target of Sanctions, (ii) to fund or facilitate any activities of or business with any country or territory that is the target or subject of Sanctions, or (iii) in any other manner that will result in a violation of Sanctions by any person.

[Signatures on following page]

 

83


IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the parties have caused this Indenture to be duly executed as of the date first written above.

 

Open Text Holdings, Inc.
By /s/ Madhu Ranganathan
 Name: Madhu Ranganathan
 Title: President and Treasurer
Open Text Corporation
By /s/ Madhu Ranganathan
 Name: Madhu Ranganathan
 Title: EVP, CFO
Open Text Canada Ltd.
By /s/ Madhu Ranganathan
 Name: Madhu Ranganathan
 Title: President and Treasurer
Open Text ULC
By /s/ Madhu Ranganathan
 Name: Madhu Ranganathan
 Title: President and Treasurer
Open Text SA ULC
By /s/ Madhu Ranganathan
 Name: Madhu Ranganathan
 Title: President and Treasurer

 

84


Vignette Partnership, LP, by its general partner, Open Text Canada Ltd.
By /s/ Madhu Ranganathan
 Name: Madhu Ranganathan
 Title: President and Treasurer
Open Text Inc.
By /s/ Madhu Ranganathan
 Name: Madhu Ranganathan
 Title: President and Treasurer
GXS, Inc.
By /s/ Madhu Ranganathan
 Name: Madhu Ranganathan
 Title: President and Treasurer
GXS International, Inc.
By /s/ Madhu Ranganathan
 Name: Madhu Ranganathan
 Title: President and Treasurer

 

85


THE BANK OF NEW YORK MELLON,
as U.S. Trustee
By 

/s/ Wanda Camacho

 Name: Wanda Camacho
 Title: Vice President
BNY TRUST COMPANY OF CANADA,
as Canadian Trustee
By: 

/s/ Pierre Tremblay

 Name: Pierre Tremblay
 Title: Authorized Signatory

 

86


EXHIBIT A

[FORM OF FACE OF NOTE]

[Global Notes Legend]

UNLESS THIS CERTIFICATE IS PRESENTED BY AN AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVE OF THE DEPOSITORY TRUST COMPANY, A NEW YORK CORPORATION (“DTC”), NEW YORK, NEW YORK, TO THE ISSUER OR ITS AGENT FOR REGISTRATION OF TRANSFER, EXCHANGE OR PAYMENT, AND ANY CERTIFICATE ISSUED IS REGISTERED IN THE NAME OF CEDE & CO. OR SUCH OTHER NAME AS IS REQUESTED BY AN AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVE OF DTC (AND ANY PAYMENT IS MADE TO CEDE & CO., OR TO SUCH OTHER ENTITY AS IS REQUESTED BY AN AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVE OF DTC), ANY TRANSFER, PLEDGE OR OTHER USE HEREOF FOR VALUE OR OTHERWISE BY OR TO ANY PERSON IS WRONGFUL INASMUCH AS THE REGISTERED OWNER HEREOF, CEDE & CO., HAS AN INTEREST HEREIN.

TRANSFERS OF THIS GLOBAL NOTE SHALL BE LIMITED TO TRANSFERS IN WHOLE, BUT NOT IN PART, TO DTC, TO NOMINEES OF DTC OR TO A SUCCESSOR THEREOF OR SUCH SUCCESSOR’S NOMINEE AND TRANSFERS OF PORTIONS OF THIS GLOBAL NOTE SHALL BE LIMITED TO TRANSFERS MADE IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE RESTRICTIONS SET FORTH IN THE INDENTURE REFERRED TO ON THE REVERSE HEREOF.

[[FOR REGULATION S GLOBAL NOTE ONLY] UNTIL 40 DAYS AFTER THE LATER OF COMMENCEMENT OR COMPLETION OF THE OFFERING, AN OFFER OR SALE OF SECURITIES WITHIN THE UNITED STATES BY A DEALER (AS DEFINED IN THE SECURITIES ACT (AS DEFINED BELOW)) MAY VIOLATE THE REGISTRATION REQUIREMENTS OF THE SECURITIES ACT IF SUCH OFFER OR SALE IS MADE OTHERWISE THAN IN ACCORDANCE WITH RULE 144A THEREUNDER.]

[Restricted Notes Legend]

THIS SECURITY HAS NOT BEEN REGISTERED UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933, AS AMENDED (THE “SECURITIES ACT”), OR THE SECURITIES LAWS OF ANY STATE OR OTHER JURISDICTION. NEITHER THIS SECURITY NOR ANY INTEREST OR PARTICIPATION HEREIN MAY BE REOFFERED, SOLD, ASSIGNED, TRANSFERRED, PLEDGED, ENCUMBERED OR OTHERWISE DISPOSED OF IN THE ABSENCE OF SUCH REGISTRATION OR UNLESS SUCH TRANSACTION IS EXEMPT FROM, OR NOT SUBJECT TO, SUCH REGISTRATION. THE HOLDER OF THIS SECURITY, BY ITS ACCEPTANCE HEREOF, AGREES ON ITS OWN BEHALF AND ON BEHALF OF ANY INVESTOR ACCOUNT FOR WHICH IT HAS PURCHASED SECURITIES, TO OFFER, SELL OR OTHERWISE TRANSFER SUCH SECURITY, PRIOR TO THE DATE (THE “RESALE RESTRICTION TERMINATION DATE”) THAT IS

 

A-1


[IN THE CASE OF RULE 144A NOTES: ONE YEAR AFTER THE LATER OF THE ORIGINAL ISSUE DATE HEREOF, THE ORIGINAL ISSUE DATE OF THE ISSUANCE OF ANY ADDITIONAL NOTES AND THE LAST DATE ON WHICH THE ISSUER OR ANY AFFILIATE OF THE COMPANY WAS THE OWNER OF THIS SECURITY (OR ANY PREDECESSOR OF SUCH SECURITY),]

[[IN THE CASE OF REGULATION S NOTES: 40 DAYS AFTER THE LATER OF THE ORIGINAL ISSUE DATE HEREOF, THE ORIGINAL ISSUE DATE OF THE ISSUANCE OF ANY ADDITIONAL NOTES AND THE DATE ON WHICH THIS SECURITY (OR ANY PREDECESSOR OF SUCH SECURITY) WAS FIRST OFFERED TO PERSONS OTHER THAN DISTRIBUTORS (AS DEFINED IN RULE 902 OF REGULATION S) IN RELIANCE ON REGULATION S,]

ONLY (A) TO THE ISSUER OR ANY SUBSIDIARY THEREOF, (B) PURSUANT TO A REGISTRATION STATEMENT THAT HAS BEEN DECLARED EFFECTIVE UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT, (C) FOR SO LONG AS THE SECURITIES ARE ELIGIBLE FOR RESALE PURSUANT TO RULE 144A UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT (“RULE 144A”), TO A PERSON IT REASONABLY BELIEVES IS A “QUALIFIED INSTITUTIONAL BUYER” AS DEFINED IN RULE 144A THAT PURCHASES FOR ITS OWN ACCOUNT OR FOR THE ACCOUNT OF A QUALIFIED INSTITUTIONAL BUYER TO WHOM NOTICE IS GIVEN THAT THE TRANSFER IS BEING MADE IN RELIANCE ON RULE 144A, (D) PURSUANT TO OFFERS AND SALES TO NON-U.S. PERSONS THAT OCCUR OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES WITHIN THE MEANING OF REGULATION S UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT, (E) TO AN INSTITUTIONAL “ACCREDITED INVESTOR” WITHIN THE MEANING OF RULE 501(a)(1), (2), (3) OR (7) UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT THAT IS NOT A QUALIFIED INSTITUTIONAL BUYER AND THAT IS PURCHASING FOR ITS OWN ACCOUNT OR FOR THE ACCOUNT OF ANOTHER INSTITUTIONAL ACCREDITED INVESTOR OR (F) PURSUANT TO ANOTHER AVAILABLE EXEMPTION FROM THE REGISTRATION REQUIREMENTS OF THE SECURITIES ACT, SUBJECT TO THE ISSUER’S AND THE U.S. TRUSTEE’S RIGHT PRIOR TO ANY SUCH OFFER, SALE OR TRANSFER PURSUANT TO CLAUSES (D), (E) OR (F) TO REQUIRE THE DELIVERY OF AN OPINION OF COUNSEL, CERTIFICATION AND/ OR OTHER INFORMATION SATISFACTORY TO EACH OF THEM. THIS LEGEND WILL BE REMOVED UPON THE REQUEST OF THE HOLDER AFTER THE RESALE RESTRICTION TERMINATION DATE.

BY ITS ACQUISITION OF THIS SECURITY, THE HOLDER THEREOF WILL BE DEEMED TO HAVE REPRESENTED AND WARRANTED THAT EITHER (1) NO PORTION OF THE ASSETS USED BY SUCH HOLDER TO ACQUIRE OR HOLD THIS SECURITY OR ANY INTEREST HEREIN CONSTITUTES THE ASSETS OF AN EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLAN THAT IS SUBJECT TO TITLE I OF THE U.S. EMPLOYEE RETIREMENT INCOME SECURITY ACT OF 1974, AS AMENDED (“ERISA”), OF A PLAN, INDIVIDUAL RETIREMENT ACCOUNT OR OTHER ARRANGEMENT THAT IS SUBJECT TO SECTION 4975 OF THE U.S. INTERNAL REVENUE CODE OF 1986, AS AMENDED (THE “CODE”), OR PROVISIONS UNDER ANY OTHER FEDERAL, STATE, LOCAL, NON-U.S. OR OTHER LAWS OR REGULATIONS THAT ARE SIMILAR TO SUCH PROVISIONS OF ERISA OR THE CODE (“SIMILAR LAWS”), OR OF AN ENTITY

 

A-2


WHOSE UNDERLYING ASSETS ARE CONSIDERED TO INCLUDE “PLAN ASSETS” OF ANY SUCH PLAN, ACCOUNT OR ARRANGEMENT, OR (2) THE ACQUISITION, HOLDING AND DISPOSITION OF THIS SECURITY OR ANY INTEREST HEREIN WILL NOT CONSTITUTE A NON-EXEMPT PROHIBITED TRANSACTION UNDER SECTION 406 OF ERISA OR SECTION 4975 OF THE CODE OR A SIMILAR VIOLATION UNDER ANY APPLICABLE SIMILAR LAWS.

UNLESS PERMITTED UNDER CANADIAN SECURITIES LEGISLATION, THE HOLDER OF THIS SECURITY MUST NOT TRADE THE SECURITY BEFORE THE DATE THAT IS FOUR MONTHS AND A DAY AFTER THE LATER OF (I) [INSERT THE ORIGINAL DISTRIBUTION DATE OF THE NOTES]; AND (II) THE DATE THE ISSUER BECAME A REPORTING ISSUER IN ANY PROVINCE OR TERRITORY OF CANADA.

 

A-3


No.  $

4.125% Senior Note due 2031

CUSIP No. [         ]1

ISIN No. [         ]2

OPEN TEXT HOLDINGS, INC., a corporation organized under the laws of Delaware, promises to pay to [                ], or registered assigns, the principal sum of                Dollars (as such sum may be increased or decreased as reflected on the Schedule of Increases and Decreases in Global Note attached hereto) on December 1, 2031.

Interest Payment Dates: June 1 and December 1.

Record Dates: May 15 and November 15.

Additional provisions of this Note are set forth on the other side of this Note.

 

1

Rule 144A: 683720AC0

Regulation S: U6840PAC6

2 

Rule 144A: US683720AC08

Regulation S: USU6840PAC69

 

A-4


IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the parties have caused this instrument to be duly executed.

 

OPEN TEXT HOLDINGS, INC.
By: 

 

 Name:
 Title:

 

A-5


TRUSTEE’S CERTIFICATE OF AUTHENTICATION

Dated:

THE BANK OF NEW YORK MELLON

as U.S. Trustee, certifies that this is one of the Notes referred

to in the Indenture.

 

By: 

 

 Authorized Signatory

 

A-6


[FORM OF REVERSE SIDE OF NOTE]

4.125% Senior Note due 2031

1. Interest

Open Text Holdings, Inc., a corporation organized under the laws of Delaware (such corporation, and its successors and assigns under the Indenture hereinafter referred to, being herein called the “Issuer”), promises to pay interest on the principal amount of this Note at the rate per annum shown above. The Issuer shall pay interest semiannually on June 1 and December 1 of each year. Interest on the Notes shall accrue from the most recent date to which interest has been paid or duly provided for or, if no interest has been paid or duly provided for, from November 24, 2021 until the principal hereof is due. Interest shall be computed on the basis of a 360-day year of twelve 30-day months.

For purposes of the Interest Act (Canada), whenever any interest or fee under the Notes or the Indenture is calculated using a rate based on a number of days less than a full year, such rate determined pursuant to such calculation, when expressed as an annual rate, is equivalent to (x) the applicable rate, (y) multiplied by the actual number of days in the calendar year in which the period for which such interest or fee is payable (or compounded) ends, and (z) divided by the number of days based on which such rate is calculated. The principle of deemed reinvestment of interest does not apply to any interest calculation under the Notes or the Indenture. The rates of interest stipulated in the Notes and the Indenture are intended to be nominal rates and not effective rates or yields.

2. Method of Payment

The Issuer shall pay interest on the Notes (except defaulted interest) to the Persons who are registered Holders at the close of business on the May 15 or November 15 preceding the interest payment date even if Notes are canceled after the record date and on or before the interest payment date. Holders must surrender Notes to a Paying Agent to collect principal payments. The Issuer shall pay principal, premium, if any, and interest in money of the United States of America that at the time of payment is legal tender for payment of public and private debts. Payments in respect of the Notes represented by a Global Note (including principal, premium, if any, and interest) shall be made by wire transfer of immediately available funds to the accounts specified by The Depository Trust Company or any successor Depositary. The Issuer shall make all payments in respect of a Definitive Registered Note (including principal, premium, if any, and interest), at the office of the Paying Agent, except that, at the option of the Issuer, payment of interest may be made by mailing a check to the registered address of each Holder thereof; provided, however, that payments on the Notes may also be made, in the case of a Holder of at least $1,000,000 aggregate principal amount of Notes, by wire transfer to a U.S. dollar account maintained by the payee with a bank in the United States if such Holder elects payment by wire transfer by giving written notice to the U.S. Trustee or the Paying Agent to such effect designating such account no later than 30 days immediately preceding the relevant due date for payment (or such other date as the U.S. Trustee may accept in its discretion).

3. Paying Agent and Registrar

 

A-7


Initially, The Bank of New York Mellon (the “U.S. Trustee”), shall act as Paying Agent and Registrar. The Issuer may appoint and change any Paying Agent or Registrar without notice. The Issuer or any of its domestically incorporated wholly owned Subsidiaries may act as Paying Agent (prior to an Event of Default) or Registrar.

4. Indenture

The Issuer issued the Notes under an Indenture dated as of November 24, 2021 (the “Indenture”), among the Issuer, Open Text Corporation (the “Company”), the Subsidiary Guarantors named therein and the Trustees. Terms defined in the Indenture and not defined herein have the meanings ascribed thereto in the Indenture. The Notes are subject to all terms and provisions of the Indenture and Holders (as defined in the Indenture) are referred to the Indenture for a statement of such terms and provisions.

The Notes are senior unsecured obligations of the Issuer. The Issuer shall be entitled to issue Additional Notes pursuant to Section 2.15 of the Indenture. The Original Notes (as defined in the Indenture) and any Additional Notes shall be treated as a single class for all purposes of the Indenture. The Indenture imposes certain limitations on the ability of the Company, the Issuer and its Subsidiaries to, among other things, create or incur Liens, and enter into certain Sale/Leaseback Transactions. The Indenture also imposes limitations on the ability of the Company, the Issuer and the Subsidiary Guarantors to consolidate, amalgamate or merge with or into any other Person or convey, transfer or lease all or substantially all its property.

To guarantee the due and punctual payment of the principal of, and interest on the Notes and all other amounts payable by the Issuer under the Indenture and the Notes when and as the same shall be due and payable, whether at maturity, by acceleration or otherwise, according to the terms of the Notes and the Indenture, the Company and the Subsidiary Guarantors have jointly and severally unconditionally guaranteed the Guaranteed Obligations on a senior unsecured basis pursuant to the terms of the Indenture.

5. Optional Redemption

Except as set forth in Section 3.5 of the Indenture and in the following paragraphs of this Section 5, the Notes shall not be redeemable at the option of the Issuer prior to December 1, 2026.

On and after December 1, 2026, the Issuer shall be entitled at its option on one or more occasions to redeem all or a portion of the Notes (which, for the avoidance of doubt, includes Additional Notes, if any) at the following redemption prices (expressed in percentages of principal amount on the redemption date), plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to the redemption date (subject to the right of Holders of record on the relevant record date to receive interest due on the relevant interest payment date), if redeemed during the 12-month period commencing on December 1 of the years set forth below:

 

Year

  Redemption Price 

2026

   102.063

2027

   101.031

2028 and thereafter

   100.000

 

A-8


In addition, at any time prior to December 1, 2024, the Issuer may at its option on one or more occasions redeem in an aggregate principal amount not to exceed 40.0% of the aggregate principal amount of the Notes (which, for the avoidance of doubt, includes Additional Notes, if any) originally issued at a redemption price (expressed as a percentage of principal amount) of 104.125%, plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to the redemption date (subject to the right of Holders of record on the relevant record date to receive interest due on the relevant interest payment date), with the net cash proceeds from one or more Qualified Equity Offerings; provided, however, that (a) at least 50% of such aggregate principal amount of Notes (excluding any Additional Notes, if any) originally issued under the Indenture remains outstanding immediately after the occurrence of each such redemption; and (b) each such redemption occurs within 90 days after the date of the related Qualified Equity Offering.

Prior to December 1, 2026, the Issuer shall be entitled at its option to redeem all or a portion of the Notes (which, for the avoidance of doubt, includes Additional Notes, if any) at a redemption price equal to 100% of the principal amount of the Notes plus the Applicable Premium as of, and accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to, the redemption date (subject to the right of Holders on the relevant record date to receive interest due on the relevant interest payment date).

Any redemption may, at the Issuer’s discretion, be subject to one or more conditions precedent, which will be set forth in the related notice of redemption, including, but not limited to, completion of a Qualified Equity Offering, other offering or financing or other transaction or event. In addition, if such redemption is subject to satisfaction of one or more conditions precedent, such notice will describe each such condition, and if applicable, will state that, in the Issuer’s discretion, the redemption date may be delayed until such time (provided, however, that any redemption date will not be more than 60 days after the date of the notice of redemption) as any or all such conditions will be satisfied, or such redemption may not occur and such notice may be rescinded in the event that any or all such conditions will not have been satisfied by the redemption date, or by the redemption date as so delayed. If any such condition precedent has not been satisfied, the Issuer will provide written notice to the U.S. Trustee prior to the close of business one Business Day prior to the redemption date. Upon receipt of such notice, the notice of redemption shall be rescinded or delayed, and the redemption of the Notes shall be rescinded or delayed as provided in such notice. Upon receipt, the U.S. Trustee shall provide such notice to each Holder of the Notes in the same manner in which the notice of redemption was given.

6. Sinking Fund

The Notes are not subject to any sinking fund.

7. Notice of Redemption

Notice of any redemption pursuant to Section 5 above shall be mailed (in the case of Definitive Registered Notes) by first-class mail (or otherwise delivered in accordance with the Applicable Procedures) at least 10 days but not more than 60 days before the redemption date to each Holder of Notes to be redeemed at his or her registered address, except that redemption notices may be mailed (or otherwise delivered in accordance with the Applicable Procedures) more than 60 days prior to the redemption date if the notice is issued in connection with a

 

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defeasance of the Notes or a satisfaction and discharge of the Indenture. Any inadvertent defect in the notice of redemption, including an inadvertent failure to give notice, to any Holder selected for redemption shall not impair or affect the validity of the redemption of any other Note redeemed in accordance with provisions of the Indenture. Notes in denominations of $2,000 or less may be redeemed in whole but not in part.

If any Note is to be redeemed in part only, the notice of redemption that relates to that Note will state the portion of the principal amount thereof to be redeemed. We will issue a new Note in a principal amount equal to the unredeemed portion of the original Note in the name of the Holder upon cancellation of the original Note. Notes called for redemption become due on the date fixed for redemption. With respect to registered Notes issued in global form, the principal amount of such Note or Notes will be adjusted in accordance with the Applicable Procedures. Notes held in certificated form must be surrendered to the Paying Agent in order to collect the redemption price. Unless the Issuer defaults in the payment of the redemption price, on and after the redemption date, interest ceases to accrue on Notes or portions of them called for redemption.

8. Repurchase of Notes at the Option of Holders upon Change of Control Triggering Event

In accordance with Section 4.9 of the Indenture, the Issuer shall be required to offer to purchase Notes upon the occurrence of a Change of Control Triggering Event. Any Holder of Notes shall have the right, subject to certain conditions specified in the Indenture, to cause the Issuer to repurchase all or any part of the Notes of such Holder at a purchase price equal to 101.0% of the principal amount of the Notes to be repurchased plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any, to, but excluding, the date of repurchase (subject to the right of Holders of record on the relevant record date to receive interest due on the relevant interest payment date) as provided in, and subject to the terms of, the Indenture.

9. Denominations; Transfer; Exchange

The Notes are in registered form without coupons in denominations of $2,000 and whole multiples of $1,000 in excess thereof. A Holder may transfer or exchange Notes in accordance with the Indenture. Upon any transfer or exchange, the Registrar and the Trustees may require a Holder, among other things, to furnish appropriate endorsements or transfer documents and to pay any taxes required by law or permitted by the Indenture. The Registrar need not register the transfer of or exchange any Notes selected for redemption (except, in the case of a Note to be redeemed in part, the portion of the Note not to be redeemed) or to transfer or exchange any Notes for a period of 15 days prior to any date fixed for the redemption of such notes, for a period of 15 days immediately prior to the date fixed for selection of such Notes to be redeemed in part, for a period of 15 days prior to the record date with respect to any interest payment date applicable to such Notes; or which the Holder has tendered (and not withdrawn) for repurchase in connection with a Change of Control Offer.

10. Persons Deemed Owners

The registered Holder of this Note shall be treated as the owner of it for all purposes.

 

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11. Unclaimed Money

If money for the payment of principal, interest, or Applicable Premium (if any) remains unclaimed for two years, the Trustees and the Paying Agent shall pay the money to the Issuer upon its written request unless an applicable abandoned property law designates another Person. After any such payment, Holders entitled to the money must look to the Issuer for payment as general creditors and the Trustees and the Paying Agent shall have no further liability with respect to such monies.

12. Discharge and Defeasance

Subject to certain conditions set forth in the Indenture, the Issuer at any time may terminate some of or all its obligations under the Notes and the Indenture if the Issuer deposits with the U.S. Trustee money or U.S. Government Obligations for the payment of principal of, and interest on, the Notes to redemption or maturity, as the case may be.

13. Amendment, Supplement and Waiver

Subject to certain exceptions set forth in the Indenture, (i) the Indenture or the Notes may be amended with the written consent of the Holders of not less than a majority in aggregate principal amount of the Notes then outstanding (including, without limitation, consents obtained in connection with a purchase of, or tender offer or exchange offer for, such Notes) and (ii) any default may be waived with the written consent of the Holders of at least a majority in principal amount of the outstanding Notes. Subject to certain exceptions set forth in the Indenture, without the consent of any Holder, the Company, the Issuer, the Subsidiary Guarantors and the Trustees may amend the Indenture or the Notes: (i) to evidence the assumption by a successor Person of the obligations of the Company, the Issuer or any Subsidiary Guarantor under the Indenture, the Notes, the Company Guarantee or a Subsidiary Guarantee, as applicable, in compliance with Article 5 of the Indenture; (ii) to add guarantees with respect to the Notes or release a the Company or a Subsidiary Guarantor from its obligations under its Company Guarantee or Subsidiary Guarantee, as applicable, or the Indenture as permitted by the Indenture; (iii) to convey, transfer, assign, mortgage or pledge any property to or with the Trustees for benefit of the Holders of the Notes; (iv) to surrender any right or power the Indenture may confer on the Issuer; (v) to add to the covenants made in the Indenture for the benefit of the Holders of all Notes (as determined in good faith by the Issuer); (vi) to make any change that does not adversely affect the rights of any Holder in any material respect (as determined in good faith by the Issuer); (vii) to add any additional Events of Default; (viii) to secure the Notes, the Company Guarantee or any Subsidiary Guarantee; (ix) to evidence and provide for the acceptance of appointment by additional or successor Trustees with respect to the Notes; (x) to cure any ambiguity, defect or inconsistency in the Indenture; (xi) to conform the text of the Indenture, the Notes, the Company Guarantee or the Subsidiary Guarantees to any provision contained under the heading “Description of Notes” in the Offering Memorandum to the extent that such provision contained under the heading “Description of Notes” in the Offering Memorandum was intended to be a verbatim recitation of a provision of the Indenture, the Notes, the Company Guarantee or the Subsidiary Guarantees (as determined in good faith by the Issuer); (xii) to provide for the issuance of Additional Notes in accordance with the limitations set forth in the Indenture as of the Issue Date; (xiii) if permitted by applicable law, to combine the

 

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responsibilities and obligations of the U.S. Trustee and the Canadian Trustee into a single trustee for all purposes of the Indenture and the notes or to remove the Canadian Trustee, subject to the assumption of the Canadian Trustee’s obligations under the Indenture by the U.S. Trustee; (xiv) to make any amendment to the provisions of the Indenture relating to the transfer, legending and delegending of Notes as permitted by the Indenture, including, without limitation, to facilitate the issuance, administration and book-entry transfer of the Notes; provided, however, that (A) compliance with the Indenture as so amended would not result in the Notes being transferred in violation of the Securities Act or any applicable securities law, including Canadian Securities Laws, and (B) such amendment does not materially and adversely affect the rights of Holders to transfer the Notes (except as may be required to comply with securities laws); and (xv) to supplement any provisions of the Indenture necessary to defease and discharge the Notes or the Indenture (in accordance with the defeasance or discharge provisions, of the Indenture), provided that such action does not adversely affect the interests of the Holders of any Notes in any material respect (as determined in good faith by the Issuer).

14. Defaults and Remedies

Under the Indenture, Events of Default include: (a) default for 30 days in the payment of any interest on the Notes when due; (b) default in the payment of principal or premium, if any, on the Notes when due at its stated maturity, upon optional redemption, upon required purchase, upon declaration of acceleration or otherwise; (c) the failure by the Issuer to comply with any of its obligations under Section 4.9 of the Indenture; (d) the Company, the Issuer or any Subsidiary Guarantor defaults in the performance of or breaches any other covenant or agreement of the Company, the Issuer or such Subsidiary Guarantor, as applicable, in the Indenture (other than a failure to comply with Section 6.1(c) of the Indenture) with respect to the Notes or any guarantee relating thereto, as applicable, and such default or breach continues for a period of 60 days after written notice is given to the Issuer by the Trustees or to the Issuer and the Trustees by the Holders of 30.0% or more in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding Notes specifying such default or breach and requiring it to be remedied and stating that such notice is a “Notice of Default” as defined in the Indenture; (e) the Company Guarantee or the Subsidiary Guarantee of a Significant Subsidiary ceases to be in full force and effect except as otherwise permitted under the Indenture or is declared null and void in a judicial proceeding or is disaffirmed by the Company or the Subsidiary Guarantor that is a Significant Subsidiary; (f) certain events of bankruptcy, insolvency or reorganization; (g) certain accelerations (including failure to pay within any grace period after final maturity) of other Indebtedness of the Issuer if the amount accelerated (or so unpaid) exceeds $150.0 million; (h) certain judgments or decrees for the payment of money in excess of $150.0 million; and (i) the Company Guarantee ceases to be in full force and effect, except as otherwise permitted under the Indenture or is declared null and void in a judicial proceeding or is disaffirmed by the Company.

If an Event of Default occurs and is continuing, the U.S. Trustee (by written notice to the Issuer) or the Holders of not less than 30.0% in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding Notes (by written notice to the Issuer and the U.S. Trustee) may, and the U.S. Trustee at the written request of such Holders shall, declare the principal amount of and premium, if any, and accrued but unpaid interest and any other monetary obligations on the Notes to be due and payable immediately. Certain events of bankruptcy or insolvency are Events of Default which

 

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shall result in the Notes being due and payable immediately upon the occurrence of such Events of Default.

Holders may not enforce the Indenture or the Notes except as provided in the Indenture. Each Trustee may refuse to enforce the Indenture or the Notes unless it receives indemnity or security satisfactory to it. Subject to certain limitations, Holders of a majority in principal amount of the Notes may direct the Trustees in their exercise of any trust or power. The Trustees may withhold from Holders notice of any continuing Default (except a Default in payment of principal or interest) if it determines that withholding notice is in the interest of the Holders.

15. Trustees Dealings with the Issuer

Each Trustee under the Indenture, in its individual or any other capacity, may become the owner or pledgee of Notes and may otherwise deal with the Issuer or its Affiliates with the same rights it would have if it were not Trustee.

16. No Recourse Against Others

A director, officer, employee or stockholder, as such, of the Company, the Issuer or any Subsidiary Guarantor, or of any stockholder of the Company, the Issuer or any Subsidiary Guarantor, shall not have any liability for any obligations of the Company, the Issuer or any Subsidiary Guarantor, either directly or through the Company, the Issuer or any Subsidiary Guarantor, as the case may be, under the Notes or the Indenture or for any claim based on, in respect of or by reason of such obligations or their creation whether by virtue of any rule of law, statute or constitutional provision or by the enforcement of any assessment or by any legal or equitable proceeding or otherwise. By accepting a Note, each Holder shall waive and release all and all such liability. The waiver and release shall be part of the consideration for the issue of the Notes.

17. Authentication

This Note shall not be valid until an authorized signatory of the U.S. Trustee (or an authenticating agent) manually signs the certificate of authentication on the other side of this Note.

18. Abbreviations

Customary abbreviations may be used in the name of a Holder or an assignee, such as TEN COM (=tenants in common), TEN ENT (=tenants by the entireties), JT TEN (=joint tenants with rights of survivorship and not as tenants in common), CUST (=custodian), and U/G/M/A (=Uniform Gift to Minors Act).

19. Governing Law

THIS NOTE SHALL BE GOVERNED BY, AND CONSTRUED IN ACCORDANCE WITH, THE LAWS OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK.

 

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The Indenture provides that the Issuer, the Trustees, and each Holder by its acceptance thereof, irrevocably waives, to the fullest extent permitted by applicable law, any and all right to trial by jury in any legal proceeding arising out of or relating to the Indenture, the Notes or any transaction contemplated thereby.

20. CUSIP and ISIN Numbers

The Issuer has caused CUSIP and ISIN numbers to be printed on the Notes and has directed the Trustees to use CUSIP and ISIN numbers in notices of redemption as a convenience to Holders. No representation is made as to the accuracy of such numbers either as printed on the Notes or as contained in any notice of redemption and reliance may be placed only on the other identification numbers placed thereon.

The Issuer shall furnish to any Holder of Notes upon written request and without charge to the Holder a copy of the Indenture which has in it the text of this Note.

 

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ASSIGNMENT FORM

To assign this Note, fill in the form below:

I or we assign and transfer this Note to

(Print or type assignee’s name, address and zip code)

(Insert assignee’s soc. sec. or tax I.D. No.)

and irrevocably appoint                agent to transfer this Note on the books of the Issuer. The agent may substitute another to act for him.

 

 

 

Date: ___________________________________

  

Your Signature: _______________________________

Sign exactly as your name appears on the other side of this Note.

Signature Guarantee*:

 

*

Participant in a recognized Signature Guarantee Medallion Program (or other signature guarantor acceptable to the Trustees).

 

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CERTIFICATE TO BE DELIVERED UPON EXCHANGE

OR REGISTRATION OF TRANSFER RESTRICTED NOTES

This certificate relates to $                principal amount of Notes held in (check applicable space)                book-entry or                definitive form by the undersigned.

The undersigned (check one box below):

 

 

has requested the U.S. Trustee by written order to deliver in exchange for its beneficial interest in a Global Note held by the Depositary a Note or Notes in definitive, registered form of authorized denominations and an aggregate principal amount equal to its beneficial interest in such Global Note (or the portion thereof indicated above) in accordance with the Indenture; or

 

 

has requested the U.S. Trustee by written order to exchange or register the transfer of a Note or Notes.

In connection with any transfer of any of the Notes evidenced by this certificate, the undersigned confirms that such Notes are being transferred in accordance with its terms:

CHECK ONE BOX BELOW

 

 (1)    ☐

to the Issuer or subsidiary thereof; or

 

 (2)    ☐

under a registration statement that has been declared effective under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”) or a prospectus qualified under Canadian Securities Laws; or

 

 (3)    ☐

for so long as the Notes are eligible for resale under Rule 144A, to a person seller reasonably believes is a qualified institutional buyer that is purchasing for its own account or the account of another qualified buyer that is purchasing for its own account or for the account of another qualified institutional buyer and to whom notice is given that the transfer is being made in reliance on Rule 144A; or

 

 (4)    ☐

through offers and sales to non-U.S. persons that occur outside the United States within the meaning of Regulation S under the Securities Act and in compliance with Canadian Securities Laws; or

 

 (5)    ☐

under any other available exemption from the registration requirements of the Securities Act or an exemption from the prospectus requirement under Canadian Securities Laws.

Unless one of the boxes is checked, the U.S. Trustee shall refuse to register any of the Notes evidenced by this certificate in the name of any Person other than the registered Holder thereof; provided, however, that if box (5) is checked, the Issuer or the U.S. Trustee may require, prior to registering any such transfer of the Notes, such legal opinions, certifications and other information as the Issuer or the U.S. Trustee has reasonably requested to confirm that such

 

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transfer is being made pursuant to an exemption from, or in a transaction not subject to, the registration requirements of the Securities Act of 1933.

 

  

 

  Your Signature

Signature of Signature Guarantee

Date: ______________________

 

  

 

  Signature of Signature Guarantor

TO BE COMPLETED BY PURCHASER IF (3) ABOVE IS CHECKED.

The undersigned represents and warrants that it is purchasing this Note for its own account or an account with respect to which it exercises sole investment discretion and that it and any such account is a “qualified institutional buyer” within the meaning of Rule 144A under the Securities Act of 1933, and is aware that the sale to it is being made in reliance on Rule 144A and acknowledges that it has received such information regarding the Company, the Issuer and the Subsidiary Guarantors as the undersigned has requested pursuant to Rule 144A or has determined not to request such information and that it is aware that the transferor is relying upon the undersigned’s foregoing representations in order to claim the exemption from registration provided by Rule 144A.

Dated:

 

  

 

  NOTICE: To be executed by an executive officer
  
  Name:
  Title:

Signature Guarantee*:    

 

*

Participant in a recognized Signature Guarantee Medallion Program (or other signature guarantor acceptable to the Trustee).

[TO BE ATTACHED TO GLOBAL NOTES]

 

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SCHEDULE OF INCREASES OR DECREASES IN GLOBAL NOTE

The initial principal amount of this Global Note is $[                ]. The following increases or decreases in this Global Note have been made:

 

Date of Exchange

  Amount of
decrease in
Principal
Amount of
this Global
Note
  Amount of
increase in
Principal
Amount of
this Global
Note
  Principal
amount of
this Global
Note
following
such decrease
or increase
  Signature of
authorized
signatory of
U.S. Trustee
or Custodian

 

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OPTION OF HOLDER TO ELECT PURCHASE

If you want to elect to have this Note purchased by the Issuer pursuant to Section 4.9 (Change of Control Triggering Event) of the Indenture, check the box:

☐ Change of Control Triggering Event

If you want to elect to have only part of this Note purchased by the Issuer pursuant to Section 4.9 of the Indenture, state the amount ($2,000 or a whole multiple of $1,000 in excess thereof):

$

Date: ___________________________

Your Signature: ___________________________________________________________________________________________

(Sign exactly as your name appears on the other side of the Note)

 

Signature Guarantee:  

 

  Signature must be guaranteed by a participant in a recognized signature guaranty medallion program or other signature guarantor acceptable to the U.S. Trustee

 

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EXHIBIT B

[FORM OF SUPPLEMENTAL INDENTURE]

SUPPLEMENTAL INDENTURE (this “Supplemental Indenture”) dated as of [                ], among [GUARANTOR] (the “New Guarantor”), a subsidiary of OPEN TEXT CORPORATION (or its successor), a corporation organized under the laws of Canada (the “Company”), OPEN TEXT HOLDINGS, INC., a corporation organized under the laws of Delaware (the “Issuer”) and THE BANK OF NEW YORK MELLON, as the U.S. trustee, and BNY TRUST COMPANY OF CANADA, as the Canadian Trustee (together, the “Trustees”) under the indenture referred to below.

W I T N E S S E T H :

WHEREAS the Company, the Issuer and the existing Subsidiary Guarantors (as defined in the Indenture referred to below) have heretofore executed and delivered to the Trustees an Indenture (the “Indenture”) dated as of November 24, 2021, providing for the issuance of 4.125% Senior Notes due 2031 (the “Notes”);

WHEREAS Section 4.7 of the Indenture provides that under certain circumstances the Issuer is required to cause the New Guarantor to execute and deliver to the Trustees a supplemental indenture pursuant to which the New Guarantor shall unconditionally guarantee all the Issuer’s obligations under the Notes pursuant to a Subsidiary Guarantee on the terms and conditions set forth herein and under the Indenture; and

WHEREAS pursuant to Section 9.1 of the Indenture, the Trustees, the Issuer and the New Guarantor are authorized to execute and deliver this Supplemental Indenture;

NOW THEREFORE, in consideration of the foregoing and for other good and valuable consideration, the receipt of which is hereby acknowledged, the New Guarantor, the Issuer and the Trustees mutually covenant and agree for the equal and ratable benefit of the Holders of the Notes as follows:

1. Capitalized Terms. Capitalized terms used herein without definition shall have the meanings assigned to them in the Indenture.

2. Agreement to Guarantee. The New Guarantor hereby agrees, jointly and severally with the Company and all the existing Subsidiary Guarantors, to unconditionally guarantee the Issuer’s obligations under the Notes on the terms and subject to the conditions set forth in Article 10 of the Indenture and to be bound by all other applicable provisions of the Indenture and the Notes.

3. Ratification of Indenture; Supplemental Indentures Part of Indenture. Except as expressly amended hereby, the Indenture is in all respects ratified and confirmed and all the terms, conditions and provisions thereof shall remain in full force and effect. This Supplemental Indenture shall form a part of the Indenture for all purposes, and every Holder of Notes heretofore or hereafter authenticated and delivered shall be bound hereby.

 

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4. Governing Law. THIS SUPPLEMENTAL INDENTURE SHALL BE GOVERNED BY, AND CONSTRUED IN ACCORDANCE WITH, THE LAWS OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK.

5. Waiver of Jury Trial. EACH OF THE NEW GUARANTOR AND THE TRUSTEES HEREBY IRREVOCABLY WAIVES, TO THE FULLEST EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW, ANY AND ALL RIGHT TO TRIAL BY JURY IN ANY LEGAL PROCEEDING ARISING OUT OF OR RELATING TO THIS SUPPLEMENTAL INDENTURE, THE INDENTURE, THE NOTES, THE COMPANY GUARANTEE, THE SUBSIDIARY GUARANTEES OR THE TRANSACTIONS CONTEMPLATED HEREBY OR THEREBY.

6. Trustees Make No Representation. Neither of the Trustees makes any representation as to the validity or sufficiency of this Supplemental Indenture.

7. Counterparts. The parties may sign any number of copies of this Supplemental Indenture. Each signed copy shall be an original, but all of them together represent the same agreement. The exchange of copies of this Supplemental Indenture and of signature pages by facsimile or ..pdf transmission shall constitute effective execution and delivery of this Supplemental Indenture as to the parties hereto and may be used in lieu of the original Indenture for all purposes. Signatures of the parties hereto transmitted by facsimile or .pdf shall be deemed to be their original signatures for all purposes.

8. Effect of Headings. The Section headings herein are for convenience only and shall not affect the construction thereof.3

 

3 

Note: This Supplemental Indenture may include provisions specific to the jurisdiction of incorporation of the New Guarantor as determined in good faith by the Company in consultation with local counsel.

 

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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the parties hereto have caused this Supplemental Indenture to be duly executed as of the date first above written.

 

[NEW GUARANTOR],
By: 

 

 Name:
 Title:
OPEN TEXT HOLDINGS, INC.,
By: 

 

 Name:
 Title:
THE BANK OF NEW YORK MELLON,
as U.S. Trustee
By: 

 

 Name:
 Title:
BNY TRUST COMPANY OF CANADA,
as Canadian Trustee
By: 

 

 Name:
 Title:

 

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