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BRN Barnwell Industries

Filed: 16 Feb 21, 2:22pm

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q 
☒              Quarterly Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the quarterly period ended December 31, 2020
or
☐              Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
Commission File Number 1-5103 
BARNWELL INDUSTRIES, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter) 

Delaware 72-0496921
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization) (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
1100 Alakea Street, Suite 2900, Honolulu, Hawaii96813
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip code)
(808) 531-8400
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
 Common Stock, $0.50 par valueBRNNYSE American

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. ☒ Yes   ☐ No
    
    Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).     ☒ Yes   ☐ No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).         ☐ Yes   ☒ No

As of February 8, 2021 there were 8,277,160 shares of common stock, par value $0.50, outstanding.



BARNWELL INDUSTRIES, INC.
AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
INDEX 




PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1.    FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

BARNWELL INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Unaudited)
December 31, 2020September 30, 2020
ASSETS  
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$5,334,000 $4,584,000 
Accounts and other receivables, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of:
  $362,000 at December 31, 2020; $341,000 at September 30, 2020
2,034,000 2,176,000 
Income taxes receivable448,000 472,000 
Asset held for sale699,000 699,000 
Other current assets1,464,000 1,556,000 
Total current assets9,979,000 9,487,000 
Asset for retirement benefits843,000 771,000 
Investments88,000 901,000 
Operating lease right-of-use assets227,000 249,000 
Property and equipment76,217,000 73,431,000 
Accumulated depletion, depreciation, and amortization(73,313,000)(69,657,000)
Property and equipment, net2,904,000 3,774,000 
Total assets$14,041,000 $15,182,000 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable$1,257,000 $2,104,000 
Accrued capital expenditures336,000 542,000 
Accrued compensation390,000 408,000 
Accrued operating and other expenses1,032,000 1,325,000 
Current portion of operating lease liabilities116,000 111,000 
Current portion of asset retirement obligation605,000 647,000 
Other current liabilities873,000 1,227,000 
Total current liabilities4,609,000 6,364,000 
Long-term debt98,000 58,000 
Operating lease liabilities115,000 143,000 
Liability for retirement benefits4,858,000 4,829,000 
Asset retirement obligation5,787,000 5,547,000 
Deferred income tax liabilities233,000 194,000 
Total liabilities15,700,000 17,135,000 
Commitments and contingencies00
Equity:
Common stock, par value $0.50 per share; authorized, 20,000,000 shares:
    8,445,060 issued at December 31, 2020 and September 30, 2020
4,223,000 4,223,000 
Additional paid-in capital1,350,000 1,350,000 
Accumulated deficit(3,313,000)(3,897,000)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss, net(1,636,000)(1,435,000)
Treasury stock, at cost: 167,900 shares at December 31, 2020 and September 30, 2020(2,286,000)(2,286,000)
Total stockholders' deficit(1,662,000)(2,045,000)
Non-controlling interests3,000 92,000 
Total deficit(1,659,000)(1,953,000)
Total liabilities and equity$14,041,000 $15,182,000 
See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
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BARNWELL INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Unaudited)
 
Three months ended
December 31,
 20202019
Revenues:
Oil and natural gas$1,887,000 $2,141,000 
Contract drilling1,942,000 2,646,000 
Sale of interest in leasehold land485,000 
Gas processing and other73,000 63,000 
 4,387,000 4,850,000 
Costs and expenses:
Oil and natural gas operating1,435,000 1,213,000 
Contract drilling operating1,108,000 1,814,000 
General and administrative1,185,000 1,496,000 
Depletion, depreciation, and amortization276,000 705,000 
Impairment of assets630,000 
Interest expense1,000 
 4,635,000 5,228,000 
Loss before equity in income (loss) of affiliates and income taxes(248,000)(378,000)
Equity in income (loss) of affiliates1,054,000 (43,000)
Earnings (loss) before income taxes806,000 (421,000)
Income tax provision (benefit)63,000 (2,000)
Net earnings (loss)743,000 (419,000)
Less: Net earnings (loss) attributable to non-controlling interests159,000 (5,000)
Net earnings (loss) attributable to Barnwell Industries, Inc.$584,000 $(414,000)
Basic and diluted net earnings (loss) per common share attributable to Barnwell Industries, Inc. stockholders$0.07 $(0.05)
Weighted-average number of common shares outstanding:
Basic and diluted8,277,160 8,277,160 
 
See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
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BARNWELL INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(Unaudited)
 
Three months ended
December 31,
 20202019
Net earnings (loss)$743,000 $(419,000)
Other comprehensive (loss) income:
Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of taxes of $0(234,000)5,000 
Retirement plans:
Amortization of accumulated other comprehensive loss into net periodic benefit cost, net of taxes of $033,000 60,000 
Net actuarial gains arising during the period, net of taxes of $00 880,000 
Curtailment gain, net of taxes of $00 1,699,000 
Total other comprehensive (loss) income(201,000)2,644,000 
Total comprehensive income542,000 2,225,000 
Less: Comprehensive (income) loss attributable to non-controlling interests(159,000)5,000 
Comprehensive income attributable to Barnwell Industries, Inc.$383,000 $2,230,000 
 
See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

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BARNWELL INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY (DEFICIT)
Three months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019
(Unaudited)
 
Shares
Outstanding
Common
Stock
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
Retained
Earnings
(Accumulated Deficit)
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
Treasury
Stock
Non-controlling
Interests
Total
Equity (Deficit)
Balance at September 30, 20198,277,160 $4,223,000 $1,350,000 $859,000 $(2,917,000)$(2,286,000)$100,000 $1,329,000 
Net loss— — — (414,000)— — (5,000)(419,000)
Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of taxes of $0— — — — 5,000 — — 5,000 
Retirement plans:
Amortization of accumulated other comprehensive loss into net periodic benefit cost, net of taxes of $0— — — — 60,000 — — 60,000 
Net actuarial gains arising during the period, net of taxes of $0— — — — 880,000 — — 880,000 
Curtailment gain, net of taxes of $0— — — — 1,699,000 — — 1,699,000 
Balance at December 31, 20198,277,160 $4,223,000 $1,350,000 $445,000 $(273,000)$(2,286,000)$95,000 $3,554,000 
Balance at September 30, 20208,277,160 $4,223,000 $1,350,000 $(3,897,000)$(1,435,000)$(2,286,000)$92,000 $(1,953,000)
Net earnings— — — 584,000 — — 159,000 743,000 
Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of taxes of $0— — — — (234,000)— — (234,000)
Distributions to non-controlling interests— — — — — — (248,000)(248,000)
Retirement plans:
Amortization of accumulated other comprehensive loss into net periodic benefit cost, net of taxes of $0— — — — 33,000 — — 33,000 
Balance at December 31, 20208,277,160 $4,223,000 $1,350,000 $(3,313,000)$(1,636,000)$(2,286,000)$3,000 $(1,659,000)

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

6


BARNWELL INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited) 
Three months ended
December 31,
 20202019
Cash flows from operating activities:  
Net earnings (loss)$743,000 $(419,000)
Adjustments to reconcile net earnings (loss) to net cash
provided by (used in) operating activities:
Equity in (income) loss of affiliates(1,054,000)43,000 
Depletion, depreciation, and amortization276,000 705,000 
Impairment of assets630,000 
Sale of interest in leasehold land, net of fees paid(426,000)
Distributions of income from equity investees1,054,000 
Retirement benefits (income) expense(8,000)71,000 
Accretion of asset retirement obligation137,000 134,000 
Non-cash rent (income) expense(1,000)30,000 
Deferred income tax expense (benefit)39,000 (9,000)
Asset retirement obligation payments(38,000)(2,000)
Retirement plan contributions and payments(2,000)(2,000)
Bad debt expense7,000 
Decrease from changes in current assets and liabilities(1,277,000)(1,917,000)
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities80,000 (1,366,000)
Cash flows from investing activities:  
Proceeds from sale of interest in leasehold land, net of fees paid426,000 
Distribution from equity investees in excess of earnings813,000 
Proceeds from sale of oil and natural gas assets0 594,000 
Capital expenditures - oil and natural gas(364,000)(1,444,000)
Capital expenditures - all other0 (13,000)
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities875,000 (863,000)
Cash flows from financing activities:  
Borrowings on long-term debt31,000 
Distributions to non-controlling interests(248,000)
Net cash used in financing activities(217,000)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents12,000 15,000 
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents750,000 (2,214,000)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period4,584,000 4,613,000 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period$5,334,000 $2,399,000 
 
See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
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BARNWELL INDUSTRIES, INC.
AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

1.    SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
 
Principles of Consolidation
 
The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Barnwell Industries, Inc. and all majority-owned subsidiaries (collectively referred to herein as “Barnwell,” “we,” “our,” “us,” or the “Company”), including a 77.6%-owned land investment general partnership (Kaupulehu Developments) and a 75%-owned land investment partnership (KD Kona 2013 LLLP). All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated.
 
Undivided interests in oil and natural gas exploration and production joint ventures are consolidated on a proportionate basis. Barnwell’s investments in both unconsolidated entities in which a significant, but less than controlling, interest is held and in variable interest entities in which the Company is not deemed to be the primary beneficiary are accounted for by the equity method.
 
Unless otherwise indicated, all references to “dollars” in this Form 10-Q are to U.S. dollars.
 
Unaudited Interim Financial Information
 
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and notes have been prepared by Barnwell in accordance with the rules and regulations of the United States (“U.S.”) Securities and Exchange Commission. Accordingly, certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in the annual financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) have been condensed or omitted pursuant to those rules and regulations, although the Company believes that the disclosures made are adequate to make the information not misleading. These condensed consolidated financial statements and notes should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in Barnwell’s September 30, 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K, as amended by our Form 10-K/A Amendment No. 1. The Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of September 30, 2020 has been derived from audited consolidated financial statements.
 
In the opinion of management, all adjustments (which include only normal recurring adjustments) necessary to present fairly the financial position at December 31, 2020, results of operations, comprehensive income, equity (deficit) and cash flows for the three months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, have been made. The results of operations for the period ended December 31, 2020 are not necessarily indicative of the operating results for the full year.

Use of Estimates in the Preparation of Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
 
    The preparation of the condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management of Barnwell to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. Actual results could differ significantly from those estimates. Significant assumptions are required in the valuation of deferred tax assets, asset retirement obligations, share-based payment arrangements, obligations for retirement plans, contract drilling estimated costs to complete, proved oil and natural gas
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reserves, and the carrying value of other assets, and such assumptions may impact the amount at which such items are recorded.

Significant Accounting Policies
 
There have been no changes to Barnwell's significant accounting policies as described in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8 of the Company's most recently filed Annual Report on Form 10-K, as amended by our Form 10-K/A Amendment No. 1.

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
 
In August 2018, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued ASU No. 2018-13, “Fair Value Measurement: Disclosure Framework-Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement,” which provides changes to certain fair value disclosure requirements. The Company adopted the provisions of this Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) effective October 1, 2020. The adoption of this update did not have an impact on Barnwell's consolidated financial statements.

In October 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-17, “Consolidation: Targeted Improvements to Related Party Guidance for Variable Interest Entities,” which modifies the guidance related to indirect interests held through related parties under common control for determining whether fees paid to decision makers and service providers are variable interest. The Company adopted the provisions of this ASU effective October 1, 2020. The adoption of this update did not have an impact on Barnwell's consolidated financial statements.

2.                                   GOING CONCERN

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis, which contemplates the realization of assets and satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business for the twelve-month period following the date of issuance of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

    Our ability to sustain our business in the future will depend on sufficient oil and natural gas operating cash flows, which are highly sensitive to volatile oil and natural gas prices, sufficient contract drilling operating cash flows, which are subject to large changes in demand, and sufficient future land investment segment proceeds and distributions from the Kukio Resort Land Development Partnerships, the timing of which are both highly uncertain and not within Barnwell’s control. A sufficient level of such cash inflows are necessary to fund discretionary oil and natural gas capital expenditures, which must be economically successful to provide sufficient returns, as well as fund our non-discretionary outflows such as oil and natural gas asset retirement obligations and ongoing operating and general and administrative expenses.

    We have experienced a trend of losses and negative operating cash flows in three of the last four years. Due to uncertainties regarding oil prices and the continuing impacts and uncertainties of the COVID-19 pandemic, we now face a greater uncertainty about our cash inflows as described above, which in turn leads to substantial doubt regarding our ability to make the required discretionary cash outflows for the capital expenditures necessary to convert our proved undeveloped reserves to proved developed reserves. Furthermore, because of the greater uncertainty about our cash inflows described above, there is substantial doubt about our ability to fund our non-discretionary cash outflows and thus substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern for one year from the date of the filing of this report.
9



Prior to and during fiscal 2021, the Company investigated potential sources of funding, including non-core oil and natural gas property sales, however, no probable sources of such funding have yet been secured. Additionally, in fiscal 2020, the Company listed its corporate office on the 29th floor of a commercial office building in downtown Honolulu, Hawaii for sale to generate liquidity in order to help mitigate the substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern. However, the Company’s ability to sell its corporate office at an appropriate time or for a sufficient price is outside of the Company's control and is therefore not probable. Because of this uncertainty as well as the continuing uncertainties regarding the potential duration and depth of the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business as described above, substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern for one year from the date of the filing of this report exists. These financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of these uncertainties.

3.    EARNINGS (LOSS) PER COMMON SHARE
 
Basic earnings (loss) per share is computed using the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding for the period. Diluted earnings (loss) per share is calculated using the treasury stock method to reflect the assumed issuance of common shares for all potentially dilutive securities, which consist of outstanding stock options. Potentially dilutive shares are excluded from the computation of diluted earnings (loss) per share if their effect is anti-dilutive.
 
There were 0 options outstanding at December 31, 2020. Options to purchase 60,000 shares of common stock were excluded from the computation of diluted shares for the three months ended December 31, 2019, as their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive.
 
Reconciliations between net earnings (loss) attributable to Barnwell stockholders and common shares outstanding of the basic and diluted net earnings (loss) per share computations are detailed in the following tables:
 Three months ended December 31, 2020
 Net Earnings
(Numerator)
Shares
(Denominator)
Per-Share
Amount
Basic net earnings per share$584,000 8,277,160 $0.07 
Effect of dilutive securities -   
common stock options0 0  
Diluted net earnings per share$584,000 8,277,160 $0.07 

 Three months ended December 31, 2019
 Net Loss (Numerator)Shares
(Denominator)
Per-Share
Amount
Basic net loss per share$(414,000)8,277,160 $(0.05)
Effect of dilutive securities -   
common stock options 
Diluted net loss per share$(414,000)8,277,160 $(0.05)

10


4.    ASSET HELD FOR SALE
 
The Company's Honolulu corporate office is currently listed for sale. Accordingly, the Company has designated this property as an asset held for sale and the carrying value in the aggregate amount of $699,000 is included in “Asset held for sale” on the Company's Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets at December 31, 2020 and September 30, 2020.

5.    INVESTMENTS
 
Investment in Kukio Resort Land Development Partnerships
 
On November 27, 2013, Barnwell, through a wholly-owned subsidiary, entered into 2 limited liability limited partnerships, KD Kona 2013 LLLP (“KD Kona”) and KKM Makai, LLLP (“KKM”), and indirectly acquired a 19.6% non-controlling ownership interest in each of KD Kukio Resorts, LLLP, KD Maniniowali, LLLP and KD Kaupulehu, LLLP (“KDK”) for $5,140,000. These entities, collectively referred to hereinafter as the “Kukio Resort Land Development Partnerships,” own certain real estate and development rights interests in the Kukio, Maniniowali and Kaupulehu portions of Kukio Resort, a private residential community on the Kona coast of the island of Hawaii, as well as Kukio Resort’s real estate sales office operations. KDK holds interests in KD Acquisition, LLLP (“KD I”) and KD Acquisition II, LP, formerly KD Acquisition II, LLLP (“KD II”). KD I is the developer of Kaupulehu Lot 4A Increment I (“Increment I”), and KD II is the developer of Kaupulehu Lot 4A Increment II (“Increment II”). Barnwell's ownership interests in the Kukio Resort Land Development Partnerships is accounted for using the equity method of accounting. The partnerships derive income from the sale of residential parcels, of which 15 lots remain to be sold at Increment I as of December 31, 2020, as well as from commissions on real estate sales by the real estate sales office. NaN ocean front parcels approximately 2 to 3 acres in size fronting the ocean were developed within Increment II by KD II, of which 1 was sold in fiscal 2017 and 1 was sold in fiscal 2016. The remaining acreage within Increment II is not yet under development, and there is no assurance that development of such acreage will in fact occur.

    In March 2019, KD II admitted a new development partner, Replay Kaupulehu Development, LLC (“Replay”), a party unrelated to Barnwell, in an effort to move forward with development of the remainder of Increment II at Kaupulehu. KDK and Replay hold ownership interests of 55% and 45%, respectively, of KD II and Barnwell has a 10.8% indirect non-controlling ownership interest in KD II through KDK, which is accounted for using the equity method of accounting. Barnwell continues to have an indirect 19.6% non-controlling ownership interest in KD Kukio Resorts, LLLP, KD Maniniowali, LLLP, and KD I.

    Barnwell has the right to receive distributions from the Kukio Resort Land Development Partnerships via its its non-controlling interests in KD Kona and KKM, based on its respective partnership sharing ratios of 75% and 34.45%, respectively. Additionally, Barnwell was entitled to a preferred return from KKM on any allocated equity in income of the Kukio Resort Land Development Partnerships in excess of its partnership sharing ratio for cumulative distributions to all of its partners in excess of $45,000,000 from those partnerships. Cumulative distributions from the Kukio Resort Land Development Partnerships have reached the $45,000,000 threshold and in the quarter ended December 31, 2020, the Kukio Resort Land Development Partnerships made distributions in excess of the threshold out of the proceeds from the sale of two lots in Increment I. Accordingly, Barnwell received a total of $459,000 in preferred return payments, which is reflected as an additional equity pickup in the "Equity in income (loss) of affiliates" line item on the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations for the three months ended December 31, 2020. The preferred return payments received during the quarter ended
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December 31, 2020 brought the cumulative preferred return total to $656,000, which is the total amount Barnwell was entitled to, and thus there is no more preferred return outstanding as of December 31, 2020.
During the three months ended December 31, 2020, Barnwell received net cash distributions in the amount of $1,712,000 from the Kukio Resort Land Development Partnerships after distributing $155,000 to non-controlling interests. Of the $1,712,000 of net cash distributions received from the Kukio Resort Land Development Partnerships, $459,000 represented a payment of the preferred return from KKM, as discussed above. There were 0 cash distributions from the Kukio Resort Land Development Partnerships for the three months ended December 31, 2019.
Barnwell's share of the operating results of its equity affiliates was income of $1,054,000 for the three months ended December 31, 2020, which includes the $459,000 payment of the preferred return from KKM discussed above, as compared to a loss of $43,000 for the three months ended December 31, 2019. The equity in the underlying net assets of the Kukio Resort Land Development Partnerships exceeds the carrying value of the investment in affiliates by approximately $263,000 as of December 31, 2020, which is attributable to differences in the value of capitalized development costs and a note receivable. The basis difference will be recognized as the partnerships sell lots and recognize the associated costs and sell memberships for the Kuki`o Golf and Beach Club for which the receivable relates. The basis difference adjustment of $20,000, for the three months ended December 31, 2020, increased equity in income of affiliates. There was an immaterial basis difference adjustment for the three months ended December 31, 2019.

Summarized financial information for the Kukio Resort Land Development Partnerships is as follows:
Three months ended
December 31,
20202019
Revenue$8,120,000 $1,766,000 
Gross profit$3,998,000 $796,000 
Net earnings (loss)$2,612,000 $(168,000)

As of December 31, 2020 and September 30, 2020, Barnwell's non-current investment in Kukio Resort Land Development Partnerships was $88,000 and $901,000, respectively.

Sale of Interest in Leasehold Land
 
Kaupulehu Developments has the right to receive payments from KD I and KD II resulting from the sale of lots and/or residential units within Increment I and Increment II by KD I and KD II (see Note 16).
 
With respect to Increment I, Kaupulehu Developments is entitled to receive payments from KD I based on the following percentages of the gross receipts from KD I’s sales of single-family residential lots in Increment I: 10% of such aggregate gross proceeds greater than $100,000,000 up to $300,000,000; and 14% of such aggregate gross proceeds in excess of $300,000,000. The total amount of gross proceeds from single-family lot sales was $224,500,000 through December 31, 2020. NaN single-family lots were sold during the three months ended December 31, 2020 and 15 single-family lots, of the 80 lots developed within Increment I, remained to be sold as of December 31, 2020.

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Under the terms of the Increment II agreement with KD II, Kaupulehu Developments is entitled to 15% of the distributions of KD II, the cost of which is to be solely borne by KDK out of its 55% ownership interest in KD II, plus a priority payout of 10% of KDK’s cumulative net profits derived from Increment II sales subsequent to Phase 2A, up to a maximum of $3,000,000 as to the priority payout. Such interests are limited to distributions or net profits interests and Barnwell will not have any partnership interests in KD II or KDK through its interest in Kaupulehu Developments. The arrangement also gives Barnwell rights to 3 single-family residential lots in Phase 2A of Increment II, and 4 single-family residential lots in phases subsequent to Phase 2A when such lots are developed by KD II, all at no cost to Barnwell. Barnwell is committed to commence construction of improvements within 90 days of the transfer of the 4 lots in the phases subsequent to Phase 2A as a condition of the transfer of such lots. Also, in addition to Barnwell’s existing obligations to pay professional fees to certain parties based on percentages of its gross receipts, Kaupulehu Developments is also obligated to pay an amount equal to 0.72% and 0.20% of the cumulative net profits of KD II to KD Development, LLC and a pool of various individuals, respectively, all of whom are partners of KKM and are unrelated to Barnwell, in compensation for the agreement of these parties to admit the new development partner for Increment II. Such compensation will be reflected as the obligation becomes probable and the amount of the obligation can be reasonably estimated.

The following table summarizes Increment I revenues from KD I and the amount of fees directly related to such revenues:
 Three months ended
December 31,
 20202019
Sale of interest in leasehold land:
Revenues - sale of interest in leasehold land$485,000 $
Fees - included in general and administrative expenses(59,000)
Sale of interest in leasehold land, net of fees paid$426,000 $

There is no assurance with regards to the amounts of future payments from Increment I or Increment II to be received, or that the remaining acreage within Increment II will be developed.
     
Investment in Leasehold Land Interest - Lot 4C
 
Kaupulehu Developments holds an interest in an area of approximately 1,000 acres of vacant leasehold land zoned conservation located adjacent to Lot 4A, which currently has no development potential without both a development agreement with the lessor and zoning reclassification. The lease terminates in December 2025. 

6.    OIL AND NATURAL GAS PROPERTIES

Dispositions

There were no oil and natural gas property dispositions during the three months ended December 31, 2020.

In the quarter ended December 31, 2019, Barnwell entered into a purchase and sale agreement with an independent third party and sold its interests in properties located in the Progress area of Alberta, Canada. The sales price per the agreement was adjusted for customary purchase price adjustments to
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$594,000 in order to, among other things, reflect an economic effective date of October 1, 2019. The proceeds were credited to the full cost pool, with no gain or loss recognized, as the sale did not result in a significant alteration of the relationship between capitalized costs and proved reserves.

Acquisitions

There were no significant amounts paid for oil and natural gas property acquisitions during the three months ended December 31, 2020, and 2019.

Impairment of Oil and Natural Gas Properties

    Under the full cost method of accounting, the Company performs quarterly oil and natural gas ceiling test calculations. There was a $630,000 ceiling test impairment during the three months ended December 31, 2020. There was 0 ceiling test impairment during the three months ended December 31, 2019.

    Changes in the mandated 12-month historical rolling average first-day-of-the-month prices for oil, natural gas and natural gas liquids prices, the value of reserve additions as compared to the amount of capital expenditures to obtain them, and changes in production rates and estimated levels of reserves, future development costs and the estimated market value of unproved properties, impact the determination of the maximum carrying value of oil and natural gas properties. The ceiling test calculation as of December 31, 2019 included management’s estimation that the Company had the ability to fund all of the future capital expenditures necessary over the next five years to develop proved undeveloped reserves in the Twining area of Alberta, Canada. However, due to the impact on oil prices and the extreme uncertainties created by the COVID-19 pandemic on the Company's financial outlook, management is no longer reasonably certain that the Company will have the financial resources necessary to make any of the capital expenditures necessary to develop the proved undeveloped reserves. Therefore, the proved undeveloped reserves have been excluded from the quarterly ceiling test calculations subsequent to December 31, 2019.

    As discussed above, the ceiling test mandates the use of the 12-month historical rolling average first-day-of-the-month prices. If the 12-month historical rolling average first-day-of-the-month prices decline from the 12-month historical rolling average first-day-of-the-month prices used in the December 31, 2020 ceiling calculation, the Company could incur further impairment write-downs in future periods in the absence of any offsetting factors that are not currently known or projected.

7.    RETIREMENT PLANS
 
Barnwell sponsors a noncontributory defined benefit pension plan (“Pension Plan”) covering substantially all of its U.S. employees. Additionally, Barnwell sponsors a Supplemental Executive Retirement Plan (“SERP”), a noncontributory supplemental retirement benefit plan which covers certain current and former employees of Barnwell for amounts exceeding the limits allowed under the Pension Plan, and a postretirement medical insurance benefits plan (“Postretirement Medical”) covering eligible U.S. employees.

In December 2019, the Company’s Board of Directors approved a resolution to freeze all future benefit accruals for all participants under the Company’s Pension Plan and SERP effective December 31, 2019. Consequently, current participants in the Pension Plan and SERP no longer accrue new benefits under the plans and new employees of the Company are no longer eligible to enter the Pension Plan and
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SERP as participants after December 31, 2019. The freezing of the Pension Plan and SERP triggered a curtailment which required a remeasurement of the projected benefit obligations of the Pension Plan and SERP and resulted in an $880,000 actuarial gain in accumulated other comprehensive loss and a $1,699,000 reduction in unrecognized pension benefit costs that were previously included in accumulated other comprehensive loss, with a corresponding benefit in other comprehensive income which were recorded in the quarter ended December 31, 2019.

The following table details the components of net periodic benefit income (cost) for Barnwell’s retirement plans:
 Pension PlanSERPPostretirement Medical
 Three months ended December 31,
 202020192020201920202019
Service cost$0 $50,000 $0 $3,000 $0 $
Interest cost65,000 83,000 13,000 18,000 18,000 20,000 
Expected return on plan assets(137,000)(163,000)
Amortization of prior service cost (credit)0 1,000 0 (1,000)0 
Amortization of net actuarial loss10,000 35,000 0 5,000 23,000 20,000 
Curtailment cost (income)0 53,000 0 (53,000)0 
Net periodic benefit (income) cost$(62,000)$59,000 $13,000 $(28,000)$41,000 $40,000 

The net periodic benefit (income) cost, including service cost, is included in “General and administrative” expenses in the Company's Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.

Currently, 0 contributions are expected to be made to the Pension Plan during fiscal 2021. The SERP and Postretirement Medical plans are unfunded, and Barnwell funds benefits when payments are made. Expected payments under the Postretirement Medical plan and the SERP for fiscal 2021 are not material. Fluctuations in actual equity market returns as well as changes in general interest rates will result in changes in the market value of plan assets and may result in increased or decreased retirement benefits costs and contributions in future periods.

8.    INCOME TAXES
 
The components of earnings (loss) before income taxes, after adjusting the earnings (loss) for non-controlling interests, are as follows:
Three months ended
December 31,
 20202019
United States$1,422,000 $(147,000)
Canada(775,000)(269,000)
 $647,000 $(416,000)
 
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The components of the income tax provision (benefit) are as follows:
Three months ended
December 31,
 20202019
Current$24,000 $7,000 
Deferred39,000 (9,000)
 $63,000 $(2,000)

Consolidated taxes do not bear a customary relationship to pretax results due primarily to the fact that the Company is taxed separately in Canada based on Canadian source operations and in the U.S. based on consolidated operations, and essentially all deferred tax assets, net of relevant offsetting deferred tax liabilities, are not estimated to have a future benefit as tax credits or deductions. Income from our non-controlling interest in the Kukio Resort Land Development Partnerships is treated as non-unitary for state of Hawaii unitary filing purposes, thus unitary Hawaii losses provide limited sheltering of such non-unitary income.

On December 27, 2020, President Trump signed into law the Consolidated Appropriations Act (the “Act”), an omnibus spending bill to fund the federal government that also includes an array of COVID-related tax relief for individuals and businesses. The tax-related measures contained in the Act revise and expand provisions enacted earlier in the year by the Families First Coronavirus Response Act and the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act. The Act also extends a number of expiring tax provisions. Additionally, the Act provides for a 100% deduction for certain business meals incurred in calendar years 2021 and 2022. The Company determined that income tax effects related to the passage of the Act were not material to the financial statements for the three months ended December 31, 2020.

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9.    REVENUE FROM CONTRACTS WITH CUSTOMERS

Disaggregation of Revenue

    The following tables provides information about disaggregated revenue by revenue streams, reportable segments, geographical region, and timing of revenue recognition for the three months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019.
Three months ended December 31, 2020
Oil and natural gasContract drillingLand investmentOtherTotal
Revenue streams:
Oil$1,380,000 $0 $0 $0 $1,380,000 
Natural gas375,000 0 0 0 375,000 
Natural gas liquids132,000 0 0 0 132,000 
Drilling and pump0 1,942,000 0 0 1,942,000 
Contingent residual payments0 0 485,000 0 485,000 
Other0 0 0 73,000 73,000 
Total revenues before interest income$1,887,000 $1,942,000 $485,000 $73,000 $4,387,000 
Geographical regions:
United States$0 $1,942,000 $485,000 $0 $2,427,000 
Canada1,887,000 0 0 73,000 1,960,000 
Total revenues before interest income$1,887,000 $1,942,000 $485,000 $73,000 $4,387,000 
Timing of revenue recognition:
Goods transferred at a point in time$1,887,000 $0 $485,000 $73,000 $2,445,000 
Services transferred over time0 1,942,000 0 0 1,942,000 
Total revenues before interest income$1,887,000 $1,942,000 $485,000 $73,000 $4,387,000 

Three months ended December 31, 2019
Oil and natural gasContract drillingLand investmentOtherTotal
Revenue streams:
Oil$1,725,000 $$$$1,725,000 
Natural gas322,000 322,000 
Natural gas liquids94,000 94,000 
Drilling and pump2,646,000 2,646,000 
Contingent residual payments
Other56,000 56,000 
Total revenues before interest income$2,141,000 $2,646,000 $$56,000 $4,843,000 
Geographical regions:
United States$$2,646,000 $$7,000 $2,653,000 
Canada2,141,000 49,000 2,190,000 
Total revenues before interest income$2,141,000 $2,646,000 $$56,000 $4,843,000 
Timing of revenue recognition:
Goods transferred at a point in time$2,141,000 $$$56,000 $2,197,000 
Services transferred over time2,646,000 2,646,000 
Total revenues before interest income$2,141,000 $2,646,000 $$56,000 $4,843,000 


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Contract Balances
    The following table provides information about accounts receivables, contract assets and contract liabilities from contracts with customers:
December 31, 2020September 30, 2020
Accounts receivables from contracts with customers$1,625,000 $1,772,000 
Contract assets385,000 413,000 
Contract liabilities751,000 1,097,000 

    Accounts receivables from contracts with customers are included in "Accounts and other receivables, net of allowance for doubtful accounts," and contract assets, which includes costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings and retainage, are included in “Other current assets.” Contract liabilities, which includes billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings are included in “Other current liabilities” in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

    Retainage, included in contract assets, represents amounts due from customers, but where payments are withheld contractually until certain construction milestones are met. Amounts retained typically range from 5% to 10% of the total invoice, up to contractually-specified maximums. The Company classifies as a current asset those retainages that are expected to be collected in the next twelve months.

    Contract assets represent the Company’s rights to consideration in exchange for services transferred to a customer that have not been billed as of the reporting date. The Company’s rights are generally unconditional at the time its performance obligations are satisfied.

    When the Company receives consideration, or such consideration is unconditionally due, from a customer prior to transferring goods or services to the customer under the terms of a sales contract, the Company records deferred revenue, which represents a contract liability. Such deferred revenue typically results from billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings on uncompleted contracts. As of December 31, 2020 and September 30, 2020, the Company had $751,000 and $1,097,000, respectively, included in “Other current liabilities” on the balance sheet for those performance obligations expected to be completed in the next twelve months.

During the three months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, the amount of revenue recognized that was previously included in contract liabilities as of the beginning of the respective period was $573,000 and $1,480,000, respectively.

    Contracts are sometimes modified for a change in scope or other requirements. The Company considers contract modifications to exist when the modification either creates new or changes the existing enforceable rights and obligations. Most of the Company’s contract modifications are for goods and services that are not distinct from the existing performance obligations. The effect of a contract modification on the transaction price, and the measure of progress for the performance obligation to which it relates, is recognized as an adjustment to revenue (either as an increase or decrease) on a cumulative catchup basis.

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Performance Obligations

    The Company’s remaining performance obligations for drilling and pump installation contracts (hereafter referred to as “backlog”) represent the unrecognized revenue value of the Company’s contract commitments. The Company’s backlog may vary significantly each reporting period based on the timing of major new contract commitments. In addition, our customers have the right, under some infrequent circumstances, to terminate contracts or defer the timing of the Company’s services and their payments to us. Nearly all of the Company's contract drilling segment contracts have original expected durations of one year or less. At December 31, 2020, the Company had three contract drilling jobs with original expected durations of greater than one year. For these contracts, approximately 7% of the remaining performance obligation of $2,615,000 is expected to be recognized as revenue in the next twelve months and the remaining, thereafter.

Contract Fulfillment Costs

Preconstruction costs, which include costs such as set-up and mobilization, are capitalized and allocated across all performance obligations and deferred and amortized over the contract term on a progress towards completion basis. As of December 31, 2020 and September 30, 2020, the Company had $147,000 and $145,000, respectively, in unamortized preconstruction costs related to contracts that were not completed. During the three months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, the amortization of preconstruction costs related to contracts were not material and were included in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. Additionally, no impairment charges in connection with the Company’s preconstruction costs were recorded during the three months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019.

Water Well Re-drill

    In the quarter ended December 31, 2019, the Company experienced the failure of a hole opener which broke apart leaving pieces in the bottom of a water well being drilled in Hawaii. Efforts to remove the items from the well were unsuccessful through the quarter ended March 31, 2020 and subsequently the Company determined that the well should be abandoned and a new well drilled at no incremental cost to the customer as per the terms of the contract. Accordingly, all the costs to drill and abandon the first well, which are all wasted costs, were excluded from the measurement of progress toward contract completion and all such costs were fully accrued in the quarter ended March 31, 2020, as this contract was determined to be a loss job. In September 2020, while making progress towards the drilling of a replacement well in different location, the drill string twisted off and became lodged in the well borehole, which required a stoppage of drilling and the need to dislodge and retrieve the broken drill string. Accordingly, the estimated total rework costs to remediate the situation was accrued at September 30, 2020. In January 2021, the broken drill string was retrieved from the well borehole and drilling of the replacement well recommenced.

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10.    SEGMENT INFORMATION
 
Barnwell operates the following segments: 1) acquiring, developing, producing and selling oil and natural gas in Canada (oil and natural gas); 2) investing in land interests in Hawaii (land investment); and 3) drilling wells and installing and repairing water pumping systems in Hawaii (contract drilling).
 
The following table presents certain financial information related to Barnwell’s reporting segments. All revenues reported are from external customers with 0 intersegment sales or transfers.
Three months ended
December 31,
 20202019
Revenues:
Oil and natural gas$1,887,000 $2,141,000 
Contract drilling1,942,000 2,646,000 
Land investment485,000 
Other73,000 56,000 
Total before interest income4,387,000 4,843,000 
Interest income0 7,000 
Total revenues$4,387,000 $4,850,000 
Depletion, depreciation, and amortization:
Oil and natural gas$195,000 $606,000 
Contract drilling76,000 85,000 
Other5,000 14,000 
Total depletion, depreciation, and amortization$276,000 $705,000 
Impairment:
Oil and natural gas$630,000 $
Total impairment$630,000 $
Operating profit (loss) (before general and administrative expenses):
Oil and natural gas$(373,000)$322,000 
Contract drilling758,000 747,000 
Land investment485,000 
Other68,000 42,000 
Total operating profit938,000 1,111,000 
Equity in income (loss) of affiliates:
Land investment1,054,000 (43,000)
General and administrative expenses(1,185,000)(1,496,000)
Interest expense(1,000)
Interest income0 7,000 
Earnings (loss) before income taxes$806,000 $(421,000)


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11.    ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
 
The changes in each component of accumulated other comprehensive loss were as follows:
Three months ended
December 31,
 20202019
Foreign currency translation:
Beginning accumulated foreign currency translation$545,000 $691,000 
Change in cumulative translation adjustment before reclassifications(234,000)5,000 
Income taxes0 
Net current period other comprehensive (loss) income(234,000)5,000 
Ending accumulated foreign currency translation311,000 696,000 
Retirement plans:
Beginning accumulated retirement plans benefit cost(1,980,000)(3,608,000)
Amortization of net actuarial loss and prior service cost33,000 60,000 
Net actuarial gains arising during the period0 2,579,000 
Income taxes0 
Net current period other comprehensive income33,000 2,639,000 
Ending accumulated retirement plans benefit cost(1,947,000)(969,000)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of taxes$(1,636,000)$(273,000)
 
    The amortization of net actuarial loss and prior service cost for the retirement plans are included in the computation of net periodic benefit (income) cost which is a component of “General and administrative” expenses on the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations (see Note 7 for additional details).

12.    FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
 
The carrying values of cash and cash equivalents, accounts and other receivables, accounts payable and accrued current liabilities approximate their fair values due to the short-term nature of the instruments.

Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Nonrecurring Basis

The estimated fair values of oil and natural gas properties and the asset retirement obligation incurred in the drilling of oil and natural gas wells or assumed in the acquisitions of additional oil and natural gas working interests are based on an estimated discounted cash flow model and market assumptions. The significant Level 3 assumptions used in the calculation of estimated discounted cash flows included future commodity prices, projections of estimated quantities of oil and natural gas reserves, expectations for timing and amount of future development, operating and asset retirement costs, projections of future rates of production, expected recovery rates and risk adjusted discount rates.

Barnwell estimates the fair value of asset retirement obligations based on the projected discounted future cash outflows required to settle abandonment and restoration liabilities. Such an estimate requires assumptions and judgments regarding the existence of liabilities, the amount and timing of cash outflows required to settle the liability, what constitutes adequate restoration, inflation factors, credit adjusted discount rates, and consideration of changes in legal, regulatory, environmental and political environments. Abandonment and restoration cost estimates are determined in conjunction with Barnwell’s
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reserve engineers based on historical information regarding costs incurred to abandon and restore similar well sites, information regarding current market conditions and costs, and knowledge of subject well sites and properties. Asset retirement obligation fair value measurements in the current period were Level 3 fair value measurements.

13.    DEBT

Paycheck Protection Program Loan

On April 28, 2020, the Company, as obligor, entered into a promissory note evidencing an unsecured loan in the approximate amount of $147,000 under the Paycheck Protection Program (“PPP”) pursuant to the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (“CARES”) Act that was signed into law in March 2020. The note matures two years after the date of the loan disbursement and bears interest at a fixed annual rate of 1%, with the principal and interest payments deferred until ten months after the last day of the covered period. Under the terms of the CARES Act, as amended by the Paycheck Protection Program Flexibility Act of 2020, and the PPP, the Company can apply for and be granted forgiveness for all or a portion of the loan issued under the PPP and the loan is expected to be forgiven to the extent the proceeds are used in accordance with the PPP to cover payroll, mortgage interest, rent, and utility costs incurred by the Company over the 24-week period following the loan disbursement date. As of the date of this filing, the Company is in the process of applying for forgiveness and believes that its use of the loan proceeds will meet the conditions for forgiveness under the PPP and expects the loan to be recorded as income when legal forgiveness is obtained. As of December 31, 2020, the current and long-term portions of the loan were $81,000 and $66,000, respectively, and the current portion is included in “Other current liabilities” in the Company's Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet.

Canada Emergency Business Account Loan

During the quarter ended December 31, 2020, the Company’s Canadian subsidiary, Barnwell of Canada, received a loan of approximately $31,000 (CAD$40,000) under the Canada Emergency Business Account loan program for small businesses. The loan is interest-free with no principal payments required until December 31, 2022, after which the remaining loan balance is converted to a three year term loan at 5% annual interest paid monthly. If the Company repays 75% of the principal amount prior to December 31, 2022, there will be loan forgiveness of 25% up to a maximum of CAD$10,000.

14.                           CONTINGENCIES
 
Legal and Regulatory Matters
 
Barnwell is routinely involved in disputes with third parties that occasionally require litigation. In addition, Barnwell is required to maintain compliance with all current governmental controls and regulations in the ordinary course of business. Barnwell’s management is not aware of any claims or litigation involving Barnwell that are likely to have a material adverse effect on its results of operations, financial position or liquidity.

In the year ended September 30, 2019, 2 of the water wells drilled by the contract drilling segment for 1 customer were determined to not meet the contract specifications for plumbness. Subsequently, in the quarter ended March 31, 2020, the Company executed a separate five-year warranty agreement with the customer for 1 of the wells that did not meet plumbness. Under the terms of the agreement, if the lack of plumbness is determined to be the cause of a pump failure within the warranty
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period, the Company would be obligated to replace the pump at no cost to the customer. If the Company is unable to replace the pump using industry-standard methods, or if there are 2 or more pump failures attributable to lack of plumbness within the five-year warranty period, the Company would be obligated to drill a new well at no cost to the customer. Negotiations with the customer are currently ongoing for the other well that the customer claims did not meet plumbness despite the fact that the independent consulting engineer for the job concluded that the most recent plumbness test, completed after the well was cased with casing cemented into place as per the contract, showed that the well meets the plumbness specifications of the contract. Management believes the degrees of deviation for both wells are not impactful to the performance of the submersible pumps that will be installed in those wells. Accordingly, no accruals have been recorded as of December 31, 2020 as there is no probable or estimable contingent liability.

In July 2020, the Staff of the State of Hawaii’s Commission on Water Resource Management (“Commission”) circulated a draft of a proposed recommendation to the Commission under which the Company, the water utility, the water utility's independent hydrologist firm and the owner of the land on which the 2 aforementioned water wells were drilled would be assessed penalty fines because each of the wells were calculated to have been drilled beyond the depth permitted by the permit. The wells were drilled to a depth to penetrate certain layers of impermeable rock necessary to access the aquifer at the instructions and on the advice of the hydrologist hired by the owner of the well. The Company’s share of the proposed penalties and fines was originally calculated to approximately $1,200,000. Subsequently, the Staff of the Commission acknowledged that one well had not been drilled to a depth beyond its permitted depth and the fines on that well were eliminated. Additionally, the fines applicable to the depth of the second well were dropped in lieu of the parties entering into an agreement to turn a current well into a monitoring well. The Commission and the aforementioned four parties have worked on this proposed alternative whereby the named parties would be responsible for providing the Commission with assistance to monitor the aquifer, at no cost to the Commission, to aid in the Commission’s efforts to monitor water quality in the subject area. The Company and the other three parties are currently evaluating proposals that it believes would likely satisfy the Commission's request under the proposed alternative settlement but it is currently uncertain as to whether or not they will be acceptable to the Commission. Additionally, it is uncertain as to how the cost of the alternative settlement would be allocated to the named parties of the subject violations. Accordingly, the Company recorded a contingent liability of approximately $300,000 at September 30, 2020 and there has been no change to the accrual as of December 31, 2020.  

15.    INFORMATION RELATING TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

Capital expenditure accruals related to oil and natural gas exploration and development decreased $225,000 during the three months ended December 31, 2020 and increased $1,661,000 during the three months ended December 31, 2019. Additionally, capital expenditure accruals related to oil and natural gas asset retirement obligations decreased $176,000 during the three months ended December 31, 2020 and increased $323,000 during the three months ended December 31, 2019.

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16.    RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS
 
Kaupulehu Developments is entitled to receive payments from the sales of lots and/or residential units by KD I and KD II. KD I and KD II are part of the Kukio Resort Land Development Partnerships in which Barnwell holds indirect 19.6% and 10.8% non-controlling ownership interests, respectively, accounted for under the equity method of investment. The percentage of sales payments are part of transactions which took place in 2004 and 2006 where Kaupulehu Developments sold its leasehold interests in Increment I and Increment II to KD I's and KD II's predecessors in interest, respectively, which was prior to Barnwell’s affiliation with KD I and KD II which commenced on November 27, 2013, the acquisition date of our ownership interest in the Kukio Resort Land Development Partnerships. Changes to the arrangement above, effective March 7, 2019, are discussed in Note 5.

During the three months ended December 31, 2020, Barnwell received $485,000 in percentage of sales payments from KD I from the sale of 2 single-family lots within Phase II of Increment I. No lots were sold during the three months ended December 31, 2019.

17.    SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

In January 2021, the Company entered into a cooperation and support agreement with MRMP-Managers LLC, Ned L. Sherwood Revocable Trust, Ned L. Sherwood and Bradley M. Tirpak (collectively, the “MRMP Stockholders”), with respect to the potential proxy contest pertaining to the election of directors to our Board of Directors (the “Board”). Pursuant to the terms of the agreement, among other things, the Company will nominate its current slate of directors, which includes three of the MRMP nominees and two new independent directors elected in 2020, to stand for reelection to the Board at the upcoming 2021 annual meeting of stockholders. The MRMP Stockholders have agreed to withdraw their proposed slate of directors and to vote their shares of common stock of the Company in favor of the election of the designated slate. In exchange for this arrangement, the Company has agreed to reimburse the MRMP Stockholders for their reasonable, documented out-of-pocket fees and expenses (including legal expenses) in connection with the MRMP Stockholders’ election contest at the Company’s 2020 annual meeting of stockholders and the negotiation of this agreement incurred through the filing of an amended Schedule 13D promptly after the date of this agreement, in an amount not to exceed $300,000 in the aggregate. One-half of such expenses shall be paid promptly following the execution of the agreement and one-half of such expenses shall be paid within ninety (90) days of the date of the agreement. The financial statement impacts of this agreement will be reflected in the Company’s quarter ending March 31, 2021.

Additionally, in January 2021, Barnwell received a net cash distribution in the amount of $199,000 from the Kukio Resort Land Development Partnerships. Financial results of this distribution will be reflected in Barnwell's quarter ending March 31, 2021.

On February 9, 2021, the Board of Directors of the Company granted options to purchase 665,000 shares of common stock, 310,000 shares to independent directors and 355,000 shares to employees. 605,000 shares of the stock options granted have an exercise price equal to the closing market price of Barnwell’s stock on the date of grant of $3.33, vest annually over three years, and expire in ten years from the date of grant. 60,000 shares of the stock options granted have an exercise price of $3.66 (110% of the closing market price on the date of grant for options granted to affiliates), vest annually over three years, and expire in five years from the date of grant.

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ITEM 2.    MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
 
Cautionary Statement Relevant to Forward-Looking Information
For the Purpose Of “Safe Harbor” Provisions Of The
Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995
 
This Form 10-Q, and the documents incorporated herein by reference, contain “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 ("PSLRA"). A forward-looking statement is one which is based on current expectations of future events or conditions and does not relate to historical or current facts. These statements include various estimates, forecasts, projections of Barnwell’s future performance, statements of Barnwell’s plans and objectives, and other similar statements. All such statements we make are forward-looking statements made under the safe harbor of the PSLRA, except to the extent such statements relate to the operations of a partnership or limited liability company. Forward-looking statements include phrases such as “expects,” “anticipates,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “predicts,” “estimates,” “assumes,” “projects,” “may,” “will,” “will be,” “should,” or similar expressions. Although Barnwell believes that its current expectations are based on reasonable assumptions, it cannot assure that the expectations contained in such forward-looking statements will be achieved. Forward-looking statements involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions which could cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in such statements. The risks, uncertainties and other factors that might cause actual results to differ materially from Barnwell’s expectations are set forth in the “Forward-Looking Statements” and “Risk Factors” sections of Barnwell’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2020. Investors should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, as they speak only as of the date of filing of this Form 10-Q, and Barnwell expressly disclaims any obligation or undertaking to publicly release any updates or revisions to any forward-looking statements contained herein.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
 
Management has determined that our most critical accounting policies and estimates are those related to the full-cost ceiling calculation and depletion of our oil and natural gas properties, the estimation of our contract drilling segment's revenues and expenses, and the calculation of our income taxes, all of which are discussed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K, as amended by our Form 10-K/A Amendment No. 1, for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2020. There have been no significant changes to these critical accounting policies and estimates during the three months ended December 31, 2020. We continue to monitor our accounting policies to ensure proper application of current rules and regulations.

Current Outlook

Impact of COVID-19

In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared the COVID-19 outbreak a global pandemic and the United States and Canadian governments declared the virus a national emergency shortly thereafter. As a result, the normal operations of many businesses have been disrupted, including the temporary closure or scale-back of business operations and/or the imposition of either quarantine or remote work or meeting requirements for employees, either by government order or on a voluntary basis. The global economy, our markets and our business have been materially and adversely affected by COVID-19.
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The COVID-19 outbreak has caused and continues to cause significant reductions in demand for oil and oil prices, which has caused the Company to suspend the development of proved undeveloped reserves and has impacted and continues to impact the Company’s financial condition and outlook. While the Company’s contract drilling segment remained operational throughout fiscal 2020 and continues to work, the continuing impact of COVID-19 on the ability or desire for customers to continue such work is uncertain, and any discontinuation of contracts currently in backlog would result in a material adverse impact to the Company’s financial condition and outlook. Both the health and economic aspects of the COVID-19 pandemic remain highly fluid and the future course of each is uncertain. We cannot foresee whether the outbreak of COVID-19 will be effectively contained on a sustained basis, nor can we predict the severity and duration of its impact. If the outbreak of COVID-19 is not effectively and timely controlled, our business operations and financial condition may continue to be materially and adversely affected as a result of the deteriorating market outlook, the global economic recession, weakened liquidity or factors that we cannot foresee. Any of these factors and other factors beyond our control could have an adverse effect on the overall business environment, cause uncertainties in the regions where we conduct business, cause our business to suffer in ways that we cannot predict and materially and adversely impact our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Going Concern

Our ability to sustain our business in the future will depend on sufficient oil and natural gas operating cash flows, which are highly sensitive to volatile oil and natural gas prices, sufficient contract drilling operating cash flows, which are subject to large changes in demand, and sufficient future land investment segment proceeds and distributions from the Kukio Resort Land Development Partnerships, the timing of which are both highly uncertain and not within Barnwell’s control. A sufficient level of such cash inflows are necessary to fund discretionary oil and natural gas capital expenditures, which must be economically successful to provide sufficient returns, as well as fund our non-discretionary outflows such as oil and natural gas asset retirement obligations and ongoing operating and general and administrative expenses.

We have experienced a trend of losses and negative operating cash flows in three of the last four years. Due to uncertainties regarding oil prices and the continuing impacts and uncertainties of the COVID-19 pandemic, we now face a greater uncertainty about our cash inflows as described above, which in turn leads to substantial doubt regarding our ability to make the required discretionary cash outflows for the capital expenditures necessary to convert our proved undeveloped reserves to proved developed reserves. Furthermore, because of the greater uncertainty about our cash inflows described above, there is substantial doubt about our ability to fund our non-discretionary cash outflows and thus substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern for one year from the date of the filing of this report.

Prior to and during fiscal 2021, the Company investigated potential sources of funding, including non-core oil and natural gas property sales, however, no probable sources of such funding have yet been secured. Additionally, in fiscal 2020, the Company listed its corporate office on the 29th floor of a commercial office building in downtown Honolulu, Hawaii for sale to generate liquidity in order to help mitigate the substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern. However, the Company’s ability to sell its corporate office at an appropriate time or for a sufficient price is outside of the Company's control and is therefore not probable. Because of this uncertainty as well as the continuing uncertainties regarding the potential duration and depth of the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business as described above, substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern for one year from the date of the filing of this report exists.

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Impact of Recently Issued Accounting Standards on Future Filings

    In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, “Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments,” which replaces the incurred loss model with an expected loss model referred to as the current expected credit loss (“CECL”) model. The CECL model is applicable to the measurement of credit losses on financial assets measured at amortized cost, including but not limited to trade receivables. This ASU is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2022, and interim periods within those annual periods. The FASB has subsequently issued other related ASUs which amend ASU 2016-13 to provide clarification and additional guidance. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of these standards.

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-14, “Compensation - Retirement Benefits-Defined Benefit Plans - General: Disclosure Framework-Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Defined Benefit Plans,” which provides changes to certain pension and postretirement plan disclosures. This ASU is effective for annual reporting periods ending after December 15, 2020, with early adoption permitted. The adoption of this update is not expected to have a material impact on Barnwell's consolidated financial statements.

In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU No. 2019-12, “Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes,” which enhances and simplifies various aspects of the income tax accounting guidance in ASC 740. This ASU is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2020 and interim periods within those annual periods, with early adoption permitted. The adoption of this update is not expected to have a material impact on Barnwell's consolidated financial statements.

Overview
 
Barnwell is engaged in the following lines of business: 1) acquiring, developing, producing and selling oil and natural gas in Canada (oil and natural gas segment), 2) investing in land interests in Hawaii (land investment segment), and 3) drilling wells and installing and repairing water pumping systems in Hawaii (contract drilling segment).
 
Oil and Natural Gas Segment
 
Barnwell is involved in the acquisition and development of oil and natural gas properties in Canada where we initiate and participate in acquisition and developmental operations for oil and natural gas on properties in which we have an interest, and evaluate proposals by third parties with regard to participation in exploratory and developmental operations elsewhere.

Land Investment Segment
 
Through Barnwell’s 77.6% interest in Kaupulehu Developments, 75% interest in KD Kona, and 34.45% non-controlling interest in KKM Makai, the Company’s land investment interests include the following:
 
The right to receive percentage of sales payments from KD I resulting from the sale of single-family residential lots by KD I, within Increment I of the approximately 870 acres of the Kaupulehu Lot 4A area located in the North Kona District of the island of Hawaii. Kaupulehu
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Developments is entitled to receive payments from KD I based on the following percentages of the gross receipts from KD I’s sales at Increment I: 10% of such aggregate gross proceeds greater than $100,000,000 up to $300,000,000; and 14% of such aggregate gross proceeds in excess of $300,000,000. Increment I is an area zoned for approximately 80 single-family lots, of which 15 remained to be sold at December 31, 2020, and a beach club on the portion of the property bordering the Pacific Ocean, and is partially developed.

The right to receive 15% of the distributions of KD II, the cost of which is to be solely borne by KDK out of its 55% ownership interest in KD II, plus a priority payout of 10% of KDK's cumulative net profits derived from Increment II sales subsequent to Phase 2A, up to a maximum of $3,000,000. Such interests are limited to distributions or net profits interests and Barnwell does not have any partnership interest in KD II or KDK through its interest in Kaupulehu Developments. Barnwell also has rights to three single-family residential lots in Phase 2A of Increment II, and four single-family residential lots in phases subsequent to Phase 2A when such lots are developed by KD II, all at no cost to Barnwell. Barnwell is committed to commence construction of improvements within 90 days of the transfer of the four lots in the phases subsequent to Phase 2A as a condition of the transfer of such lots. Also, in addition to Barnwell's existing obligations to pay professional fees to certain parties based on percentages of its gross receipts, Kaupulehu Developments is now also obligated to pay an amount equal to 0.72% and 0.20% of the cumulative net profits of KD II to KD Development, LLC and a pool of various individuals, respectively, all of whom are partners of KKM and are unrelated to Barnwell. The remaining acreage within Increment II is not yet under development, and there is no assurance that development of such acreage will in fact occur.
 
An indirect 19.6% non-controlling ownership interest in KD Kukio Resorts, LLLP, KD Maniniowali, LLLP and KD I and an indirect 10.8% non-controlling ownership interest in KD II through KDK. These entities own certain real estate and development rights interests in the Kukio, Maniniowali and Kaupulehu portions of Kukio Resort, a private residential community on the Kona coast of the island of Hawaii, as well as Kukio Resort’s real estate sales office operations. KDK was the developer of Kaupulehu Lot 4A Increments I and II. The partnerships derive income from the sale of residential parcels as well as from commission on real estate sales by the real estate sales office.
 
Approximately 1,000 acres of vacant leasehold land zoned conservation in the Kaupulehu Lot 4C area located adjacent to the 870-acre Lot 4A described above, which currently has no development potential without both a development agreement with the lessor and zoning reclassification.
 
Contract Drilling Segment
 
Barnwell drills water and water monitoring wells and installs and repairs water pumping systems in Hawaii. Contract drilling results are highly dependent upon the quantity, dollar value and timing of contracts awarded by governmental and private entities and can fluctuate significantly.

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Results of Operations
 
Summary
 
The net income attributable to Barnwell for the three months ended December 31, 2020 totaled $584,000, a $998,000 increase in operating results from a net loss of $414,000 for the three months ended December 31, 2019. The following factors affected the results of operations for the three months ended December 31, 2020 as compared to the same period in the prior year:
 
A $1,097,000 increase in equity in income from affiliates as a result of increased operating results of the Kukio Resort Land Development Partnerships;

A $485,000 increase in land investment segment operating results, before income taxes and non-controlling interests' share of such profits, due to the sale of two lots in the current period, whereas there were no lot sales in the same period in the prior year; and

A $695,000 decrease in oil and natural gas segment operating results, before income taxes, due primarily to a ceiling test impairment of $630,000 in the current period, whereas there was no such ceiling test impairment in the prior year period.

General
 
Barnwell conducts operations in the U.S. and Canada. Consequently, Barnwell is subject to foreign currency translation and transaction gains and losses due to fluctuations of the exchange rates between the Canadian dollar and the U.S. dollar. Barnwell cannot accurately predict future fluctuations of the exchange rates and the impact of such fluctuations may be material from period to period. To date, we have not entered into foreign currency hedging transactions.
 
The average exchange rate of the Canadian dollar to the U.S. dollar increased 1% in the three months ended December 31, 2020 as compared to the same period in the prior year, and the exchange rate of the Canadian dollar to the U.S. dollar increased 4% at December 31, 2020 as compared to September 30, 2020. Accordingly, the assets, liabilities, stockholders’ equity and revenues and expenses of Barnwell’s subsidiaries operating in Canada have been adjusted to reflect the change in the exchange rates. Barnwell’s Canadian dollar assets are greater than its Canadian dollar liabilities; therefore, increases or decreases in the value of the Canadian dollar to the U.S. dollar generate other comprehensive income or loss, respectively. Other comprehensive income and losses are not included in net earnings (loss). Other comprehensive loss due to foreign currency translation adjustments, net of taxes, for the three months ended December 31, 2020 was $234,000, a $239,000 change from other comprehensive income due to foreign currency translation adjustments, net of taxes, of $5,000 for the same period in the prior year. There were no taxes on other comprehensive income (loss) due to foreign currency translation adjustments in the three months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 due to a full valuation allowance on the related deferred tax assets.

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Oil and natural gas
 
The following tables set forth Barnwell’s average prices per unit of production and net production volumes. Production amounts reported are net of royalties.
 Average Price Per Unit
 Three months endedIncrease
 December 31,(Decrease)
 20202019$%
Natural Gas (Mcf)*$2.12 $1.84 $0.28 15 %
Oil (Bbls)**$35.48 $48.76 $(13.28)(27 %)
Liquids (Bbls)**$21.96 $18.71 $3.25 17 %
 Net Production
 Three months endedIncrease
 December 31,(Decrease)
 20202019Units%
Natural Gas (Mcf)*171,000 168,000 3,000 %
Oil (Bbls)**39,000 35,000 4,000 11 %
Liquids (Bbls)**6,000 5,000 1,000 20 %
_______________________________________
*            Mcf = 1,000 cubic feet.  Natural gas price per unit is net of pipeline charges.
**          Bbl = stock tank barrel equivalent to 42 U.S. gallons
 
The oil and natural gas segment generated $373,000 of operating loss before general and administrative expenses in the three months ended December 31, 2020, a decrease in operating results of $695,000 as compared to a $322,000 operating profit during the same period of the prior year. There was a $630,000 ceiling test impairment included in the operating loss in the current year, whereas there was no ceiling test impairment in the prior year period.

Oil and natural gas revenues decreased $254,000 (12%) for the three months ended December 31, 2020, as compared to the same period in the prior year, primarily due to a 27% decrease in oil prices, which was partially offset by a 11% increase in oil production as compared to the same period in the prior year. Oil and natural gas operating expenses increased $222,000 (18%) for the three months ended December 31, 2020, as compared to the prior year period, primarily due to an increase in oil production in the current year period. Oil and natural gas segment depletion decreased $411,000 (68%) for the three months ended December 31, 2020, as compared to the prior year period, primarily due to a decrease in the depletion rate as a result of ceiling test impairment write-downs in the prior fiscal year.

While oil prices have recovered somewhat from the significant lows of March through May of the prior year, the Company is unable to reasonably predict future oil prices and the impacts future oil prices will have on the Company.

Sale of interest in leasehold land
 
Kaupulehu Developments is entitled to receive a percentage of the gross receipts from the sales of lots and/or residential units in Increment I by KD I.

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The following table summarizes the revenues received from KD I and the amount of fees directly related to such revenues:
 Three months ended
December 31,
 20202019
Sale of interest in leasehold land:
Revenues – sale of interest in leasehold land$485,000 $— 
Fees - included in general and administrative expenses(59,000)— 
Sale of interest in leasehold land, net of fees paid$426,000 $— 

During the three months ended December 31, 2020, Barnwell received $485,000 in percentage of sales payments from KD I from the sale of two single-family lots within Phase II of Increment I. No lots were sold during the three months ended December 31, 2019.

As of December 31, 2020, 15 single-family lots, of the 80 lots developed within Increment I, remained to be sold. The Company does not have a controlling interest in Increments I and II, and there is no assurance with regards to the amounts of future sales from Increments I and II, or that the remaining acreage within Increment II will be developed.

Contract drilling
 
Contract drilling revenues and contract drilling costs decreased $704,000 (27%) and $706,000 (39%), respectively, for the three months ended December 31, 2020, as compared to the same period in the prior year. The contract drilling segment generated a $758,000 operating profit before general and administrative expenses in the three months ended December 31, 2020, an increase in operating results of $11,000 as compared to a $747,000 operating profit during the same period of the prior year.

The decrease in contract drilling revenues and contract drilling costs for the three months ended December 31, 2020 as compared to the same period in prior year is primarily due to a significant well drilling contract in the prior year period. The significant well drilling contract was for multiple wells and was based on a fixed rate per day or fixed rate per hour, depending upon the activity, as opposed to the Company's typical contracts that are based on a fixed price per lineal foot drilled. Up to three drilling rigs were being used at this job during the prior year period with crews working extended hours. However, operational activity related to this contract has been winding down in the quarter ended December 31, 2020 and thus contract drilling revenues and costs have decreased in the current year period as compared to the same period of the prior year. This significant well drilling contract was essentially complete as of December 31, 2020. Accordingly, contract drilling revenues and costs for the remaining quarters of fiscal 2021 are expected to be lower as compared to the same periods in fiscal 2020.

In the quarter ended December 31, 2019, the Company experienced the failure of a hole opener which broke apart leaving pieces in the bottom of a water well being drilled in Hawaii. Efforts to remove the items from the well were unsuccessful through the quarter ended March 31, 2020 and subsequently the Company determined that the well should be abandoned and a new well drilled at no incremental cost to the customer as per the terms of the contract. Accordingly, all the costs to drill and abandon the first well, which are all wasted costs, were excluded from the measurement of progress toward contract completion and all such costs were fully accrued in the quarter ended March 31, 2020, as this contract was determined to be a loss job. In September 2020, while making progress towards the drilling of a replacement well in different location, the drill string twisted off and became lodged in the well borehole, which required a
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stoppage of drilling and the need to dislodge and retrieve the broken drill string. Accordingly, the estimated total rework costs to remediate the situation was accrued at September 30, 2020. In January 2021, the broken drill string was retrieved from the well borehole and drilling of the replacement well recommenced.

In the year ended September 30, 2019, two of the water wells drilled by the contract drilling segment for one customer were determined to not meet the contract specifications for plumbness. Subsequently, in the quarter ended March 31, 2020, the Company executed a separate five-year warranty agreement with the customer for one of the wells that did not meet plumbness. Under the terms of the agreement, if the lack of plumbness is determined to be the cause of a pump failure within the warranty period, the Company would be obligated to replace the pump at no cost to the customer. If the Company is unable to replace the pump using industry-standard methods, or if there are two or more pump failures attributable to lack of plumbness within the five-year warranty period, the Company would be obligated to drill a new well at no cost to the customer. Negotiations with the customer are currently ongoing for the other well that the customer claims did not meet plumbness despite the fact that the independent consulting engineer for the job concluded that the most recent plumbness test, completed after the well was cased with casing cemented into place as per the contract, showed that the well meets the plumbness specifications of the contract. Management believes the degrees of deviation for both wells are not impactful to the performance of the submersible pumps that will be installed in those wells. Accordingly, no accruals have been recorded as of December 31, 2020 as there is no probable or estimable contingent liability.

In July 2020, the Staff of the State of Hawaii’s Commission on Water Resource Management (“Commission”) circulated a draft of a proposed recommendation to the Commission under which the Company, the water utility, the water utility's independent hydrologist firm and the owner of the land on which the two aforementioned water wells were drilled would be assessed penalty fines because each of the wells were calculated to have been drilled beyond the depth permitted by the permit. The wells were drilled to a depth to penetrate certain layers of impermeable rock necessary to access the aquifer at the instructions and on the advice of the hydrologist hired by the owner of the well. The Company’s share of the proposed penalties and fines was originally calculated to approximately $1,200,000. Subsequently, the Staff of the Commission acknowledged that one well had not been drilled to a depth beyond its permitted depth and the fines on that well were eliminated. Additionally, the fines applicable to the depth of the second well were dropped in lieu of the parties entering into an agreement to turn a current well into a monitoring well. The Commission and the aforementioned four parties have worked on this proposed alternative whereby the named parties would be responsible for providing the Commission with assistance to monitor the aquifer, at no cost to the Commission, to aid in the Commission’s efforts to monitor water quality in the subject area. The Company and the other three parties are currently evaluating proposals that it believes would likely satisfy the Commission's request under the proposed alternative settlement but it is currently uncertain as to whether or not they will be acceptable to the Commission. Additionally, it is uncertain as to how the cost of the alternative settlement would be allocated to the named parties of the subject violations. Accordingly, the Company recorded a contingent liability of approximately $300,000 at September 30, 2020 and no subsequent accruals have been recorded as of December 31, 2020.  

There has been a significant decrease in demand for water well drilling contracts in recent years that has generally led to increased competition for available contracts and lower margins on awarded contracts. The Company is unable to predict the near-term and long-term availability of water well drilling and pump installation and repair contracts as a result of this volatility in demand. While the Company’s contract drilling segment continues to work, the impact of COVID-19 on the ability or desire for
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customers to continue such work is uncertain, and any discontinuation of contracts currently in backlog for any reason would result in a material adverse impact to the Company’s financial condition and outlook.

General and administrative expenses

General and administrative expenses decreased $311,000 (21%) for the three months ended December 31, 2020, as compared to the same period in the prior year. The decrease was primarily due to a decrease in compensation costs and professional fees related to audit and legal services in the current year period, as compared to the prior year period. The decrease was partially offset by increased professional fees related to land investment segment proceeds in the current year period, as compared to the same period in the prior year.

Depletion, depreciation, and amortization
 
Depletion, depreciation, and amortization decreased $429,000 (61%) for the three months ended December 31, 2020, as compared to the same period in the prior year, primarily due to a decrease in the depletion rate as a result of ceiling test impairment write-downs in the prior fiscal year as discussed in the “Oil and natural gas” section above.

Impairment of assets

    Under the full cost method of accounting, the Company performs quarterly oil and natural gas ceiling test calculations. There was a $630,000 ceiling test impairment during the three months ended December 31, 2020. There was no ceiling test impairment during the three months ended December 31, 2019.

    Changes in the mandated 12-month historical rolling average first-day-of-the-month prices for oil, natural gas and natural gas liquids prices, the value of reserve additions as compared to the amount of capital expenditures to obtain them, and changes in production rates and estimated levels of reserves, future development costs and the estimated market value of unproved properties, impact the determination of the maximum carrying value of oil and natural gas properties. The ceiling test calculation at December 31, 2019 included management’s estimation that the Company had the ability to fund all of the future capital expenditures necessary over the next five years to develop proved undeveloped reserves in the Twining area of Alberta, Canada. However, due to the impact on oil prices and the extreme uncertainties created by the COVID-19 pandemic on the Company's financial outlook, management is no longer reasonably certain that the Company will have the financial resources necessary to make any of the capital expenditures necessary to develop the proved undeveloped reserves. Therefore, the proved undeveloped reserves have been excluded from the quarterly ceiling test calculations subsequent to December 31, 2019.

    As discussed above, the ceiling test mandates the use of the 12-month historical rolling average first-day-of-the-month prices. If the 12-month historical rolling average first-day-of-the-month prices decline from the 12-month historical rolling average first-day-of-the-month prices used in the December 31, 2020 ceiling calculation, the Company could incur further impairment write-downs in future periods in the absence of any offsetting factors that are not currently known or projected.
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Equity in income (loss) of affiliates
 
Barnwell’s investment in the Kukio Resort Land Development Partnerships is accounted for using the equity method of accounting. Barnwell was allocated partnership income of $1,054,000 during the three months ended December 31, 2020, as compared to allocated losses of $43,000 during the three months December 31, 2019. The increase in the allocated partnership income is primarily due to the Kukio Resort Land Development Partnerships' sale of two lots during the current year period, whereas there was no lot sales in the prior year period, as well as a significant increase in real estate resale activity in the current year period for which the Kukio Resort Land Development Partnerships' real estate sales office earns commissions revenue. Additionally, the increase is also attributed to $459,000 in preferred return payments received from KKM, as discussed below.

Barnwell has the right to receive distributions from the Kukio Resort Land Development Partnerships via its its non-controlling interests in KD Kona and KKM, based on its respective partnership sharing ratios of 75% and 34.45%, respectively. Additionally, Barnwell was entitled to a preferred return from KKM on any allocated equity in income of the Kukio Resort Land Development Partnerships in excess of its partnership sharing ratio for cumulative distributions to all of its partners in excess of $45,000,000 from those partnerships. Cumulative distributions from the Kukio Resort Land Development Partnerships have reached the $45,000,000 threshold and in the quarter ended December 31, 2020, the Kukio Resort Land Development Partnerships made distributions in excess of the threshold out of the proceeds from the sale of two lots in Increment I. Accordingly, Barnwell received a total of $459,000 in preferred return payments, which is reflected as an additional equity pickup in the "Equity in income (loss) of affiliates" line item on the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations for the three months ended December 31, 2020. The preferred return payments received during the quarter ended December 31, 2020 brought the cumulative preferred return total to $656,000, which is the total amount Barnwell was entitled to, and thus there is no more preferred return outstanding as of December 31, 2020.

During the three months ended December 31, 2020, Barnwell received net cash distributions in the amount of $1,712,000 from the Kukio Resort Land Development Partnerships after distributing $155,000 to non-controlling interests. Of the $1,712,000 of net cash distributions received from the Kukio Resort Land Development Partnerships, $459,000 represented a payment of the preferred return from KKM, as discussed above. There were no cash distributions from the Kukio Resort Land Development Partnerships for the three months ended December 31, 2019.

Income taxes
 
Barnwell’s effective consolidated income tax rate for the three months ended December 31, 2020, after adjusting earnings (loss) before income taxes for non-controlling interests, was 10%, as compared to an effective income tax benefit rate of nil for the three months ended December 31, 2019. 
Consolidated taxes do not bear a customary relationship to pretax results due primarily to the fact that the Company is taxed separately in Canada based on Canadian source operations and in the U.S. based on consolidated operations, and essentially all deferred tax assets, net of relevant offsetting deferred tax liabilities, are not estimated to have a future benefit as tax credits or deductions. Income from our non-controlling interest in the Kukio Resort Land Development Partnerships is treated as non-unitary for state of Hawaii unitary filing purposes, thus unitary Hawaii losses provide limited sheltering of such non-unitary income.
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Net earnings (loss) attributable to non-controlling interests

    Earnings and losses attributable to non-controlling interests represent the non-controlling interests’ share of revenues and expenses related to the various partnerships and joint ventures in which Barnwell has controlling interests and consolidates.

Net earnings attributable to non-controlling interests for the three months ended December 31, 2020 totaled $159,000, as compared to net loss attributable to non-controlling interests of $5,000 for the same period in the prior year. The increase of $164,000 is primarily due to percentage of sales proceeds received in the current period, whereas there were no percentage of sale proceeds received in the prior year period, and an increase in the amount of Kukio Resort Land Development Partnerships' income in the current year period as compared to the same period in the prior year.

Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
Barnwell’s primary sources of liquidity are cash on hand, cash flow generated by operations, and land investment segment proceeds. At December 31, 2020, Barnwell had $5,370,000 in working capital.
 
Cash Flows
 
Cash flows provided by operating activities totaled $80,000 for the three months ended December 31, 2020, as compared to cash flows used in operating activities of $1,366,000 for the same period in the prior year. This $1,446,000 change in operating cash flows was primarily due to distributions of income from the Kukio Resort Land Development Partnerships in the current year period, as compared to none in the same period of the prior year, and fluctuations in working capital.
 
Cash flows provided by investing activities totaled $875,000 during the three months ended December 31, 2020, as compared to cash flows used in investing activities of $863,000 during the same period of the prior year. This $1,738,000 increase in investing cash flows was primarily due to a decrease of $1,080,000 in oil and natural gas capital expenditures, a $426,000 increase in percentage of sales proceeds received, net of fees, and an increase of $813,000 received in distributions from equity investees in excess of earnings in the current year period as compared to none in the prior year period, partially offset by a $594,000 decrease in proceeds from the sale oil and natural gas properties in the current period as compared to the prior year period.

Cash flows used in financing activities totaled $217,000 during the three months ended December 31, 2020. There was no cash flows from financing activities for the three months ended December 31, 2019. The $217,000 change in financing cash flows was primarily attributed to $248,000 in distributions to non-controlling interests in the current year, which was partially offset by an increase of $31,000 in long-term debt borrowings attributed to the Canada Emergency Business Account Loan received during the current year period.

Paycheck Protection Program Loan

On April 28, 2020, the Company, as obligor, entered into a promissory note evidencing an unsecured loan in the approximate amount of $147,000 under the Paycheck Protection Program (“PPP”) pursuant to the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (“CARES”) Act that was signed into law in March 2020. The note matures two years after the date of the loan disbursement and bears interest at a
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fixed annual rate of 1%, with the principal and interest payments deferred until ten months after the last day of the covered period. Under the terms of the CARES Act, as amended by the Paycheck Protection Program Flexibility Act of 2020, and the PPP, the Company can apply for and be granted forgiveness for all or a portion of the loan issued under the PPP and the loan is expected to be forgiven to the extent the proceeds are used in accordance with the PPP to cover payroll, mortgage interest, rent, and utility costs incurred by the Company over the 24-week period following the loan disbursement date. As of the date of this filing, the Company is in the process of applying for forgiveness and believes that its use of the loan proceeds will meet the conditions for forgiveness under the PPP and expects the loan to be recorded as income when legal forgiveness is obtained.

Canada Emergency Business Account Loan

During the quarter ended December 31, 2020, the Company’s Canadian subsidiary, Barnwell of Canada, received a loan of approximately $31,000 (CAD$40,000) under the Canada Emergency Business Account loan program for small businesses. The loan is interest-free with no principal payments required until December 31, 2022, after which the remaining loan balance is converted to a three year term loan at 5% annual interest paid monthly. If the Company repays 75% of the principal amount prior to December 31, 2022, there will be loan forgiveness of 25% up to a maximum of CAD$10,000.

Going Concern

Our ability to sustain our business in the future will depend on sufficient oil and natural gas operating cash flows, which are highly sensitive to volatile oil and natural gas prices, sufficient contract drilling operating cash flows, which are subject to large changes in demand, and sufficient future land investment segment proceeds and distributions from the Kukio Resort Land Development Partnerships, the timing of which are both highly uncertain and not within Barnwell’s control. A sufficient level of such cash inflows are necessary to fund discretionary oil and natural gas capital expenditures, which must be economically successful to provide sufficient returns, as well as fund our non-discretionary outflows such as oil and natural gas asset retirement obligations and ongoing operating and general and administrative expenses.
We have experienced a trend of losses and negative operating cash flows in three of the last four years. Due to uncertainties regarding oil prices and the continuing impacts and uncertainties of the COVID-19 pandemic, we now face a greater uncertainty about our cash inflows as described above, which in turn leads to substantial doubt regarding our ability to make the required discretionary cash outflows for the capital expenditures necessary to convert our proved undeveloped reserves to proved developed reserves. Furthermore, because of the greater uncertainty about our cash inflows described above, there is substantial doubt about our ability to fund our non-discretionary cash outflows and thus substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern for one year from the date of the filing of this report.
Prior to and during fiscal 2021, the Company investigated potential sources of funding, including non-core oil and natural gas property sales, however, no probable sources of such funding have yet been secured. Additionally, in fiscal 2020, the Company listed its corporate office on the 29th floor of a commercial office building in downtown Honolulu, Hawaii for sale to generate liquidity in order to mitigate the substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern. However, the Company’s ability to sell its corporate office at an appropriate time or for a sufficient price is outside of the Company's control and is therefore not probable. Because of this uncertainty as well as the continuing uncertainties regarding the potential duration and depth of the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on our
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business as described above, substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern for one year from the date of the filing of this report exists.
NYSE American Continued Listing Standard
On January 13, 2020, the Company received a letter from the NYSE American staff (the “Exchange Staff”) indicating that the Company was not in compliance with Part 10, Sections 1003(a)(i) and (a)(ii) of the NYSE American Company Guide (the “Guide”) since it reported stockholders’ equity of $1.2 million and net losses in fiscal years ended September 30, 2019, September 30, 2018 and September 30, 2016. The Company’s failure to meet the NYSE American’s stockholders’ equity requirements and the exceptions resulted in a risk that our common stock may be delisted.

In accordance with the NYSE American’s policies and procedures, the Company submitted a plan (the “Plan”) addressing how the Company intended to regain compliance with Part 10, Section 1003 of the Guide. On April 2, 2020, the NYSE American notified the Company that it accepted the Company’s Plan and granted the Company an extension for its continued listing until July 13, 2021 (the “Plan Period”). The Company has been and will continue to be subject to periodic review by Exchange Staff during the Plan Period. The Plan was submitted to the NYSE American before the start of the COVID-19 pandemic-related low commodity price environment, the oil price war between Saudi Arabia and Russia and other macroeconomic pressures that have impacted our businesses and the U.S. economy in general. The magnitude and duration of these factors have and will adversely affect the Company’s ability to achieve the Plan’s goals and to return to compliance with the NYSE American’s listing standards. If the Company does not regain compliance by the end of the Plan Period, or if the Company does not make ongoing progress consistent with its Plan, the NYSE American may initiate delisting procedures as appropriate.

The Company’s reported stockholders’ equity fell from $2,049,000 at March 31, 2020 to a stockholders’ deficit of $2,045,000 at September 30, 2020. At December 31, 2020, the Company reported a stockholders' deficit of $1,662,000, as disclosed in the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements of this report. Thus, the Company may fail to be in compliance with the NYSE American continued listing standards relating to stockholders’ equity to which the Plan relates; specifically Section 1003(a)(i) and Section 1003(a)(ii). The Company submitted updates to the Plan, as required or requested by the NYSE American with the most recent Plan update submitted January 2021. The January 2021 Plan updates presented initiatives which, if all of them are achieved, could result in the amount of stockholders’ equity required by the NYSE American at the end of the Plan Period and accordingly result in the Company regaining compliance with the NYSE American’s continued listing standards. There is no assurance that the presented initiatives will in fact be achieved. The Company has not yet received any correspondence from the NYSE American regarding the January 2021 Plan updates. If the NYSE American delists our common stock, investors may face material adverse consequences, including, but not limited to, a lack of a trading market for our common stock, reduced liquidity, and an inability for us to obtain financing to fund our operations.
 
Oil and Natural Gas Capital Expenditures
 
Barnwell’s oil and natural gas capital expenditures, including accrued capital expenditures and excluding additions and revisions to estimated asset retirement obligations, totaled $139,000 for the three months ended December 31, 2020, as compared to $3,105,000 for the same period in the prior year.

Due to the uncertainties created by the COVID-19 pandemic, investments in oil and natural gas properties have been suspended pending suitable market opportunities and sufficient sources of funding.

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Oil and Natural Gas Properties Acquisitions and Dispositions

Dispositions

There were no oil and natural gas property dispositions during the three months ended December 31, 2020.

In the quarter ended December 31, 2019, Barnwell entered into a purchase and sale agreement with an independent third party and sold its interests in properties located in the Progress area of Alberta, Canada. The sales price per the agreement was adjusted for customary purchase price adjustments to $594,000 in order to, among other things, reflect an economic effective date of October 1, 2019. The proceeds were credited to the full cost pool, with no gain or loss recognized, as the sale did not result in a significant alteration of the relationship between capitalized costs and proved reserves.

Acquisitions

There were no significant amounts paid for oil and natural gas property acquisitions during the three months ended December 31, 2020, and 2019.

ITEM 4.    CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
 
Disclosure Controls and Procedures
 
We have established disclosure controls and procedures to ensure that material information relating to Barnwell, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to the officers who certify Barnwell’s financial reports and to other members of executive management and the Board of Directors.
 
As of December 31, 2020, an evaluation was carried out by Barnwell’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer of the effectiveness of Barnwell’s disclosure controls and procedures. Based on that evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have concluded that Barnwell’s disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934) were effective as of December 31, 2020 to ensure that information required to be disclosed by Barnwell in the reports that it files or submits under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and the rules thereunder.
 
Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
 
There was no change in Barnwell’s internal control over financial reporting during the quarter ended December 31, 2020 that materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, Barnwell’s internal control over financial reporting.

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PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

ITEM 6.    EXHIBITS
 
Exhibit
Number
 Description
31.1 Certification of Chief Executive Officer Pursuant To Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
   
31.2 Certification of Chief Financial Officer Pursuant To Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
32 Certification Pursuant To Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
   
101.INS XBRL Instance Document
   
101.SCH XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
   
101.CAL XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
   
101.DEF XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
   
101.LAB XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
   
101.PRE XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
39


SIGNATURE
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
 BARNWELL INDUSTRIES, INC.
 (Registrant)
  
  
Date:February 16, 2021/s/ Russell M. Gifford
 Russell M. Gifford
 Chief Financial Officer,
 Executive Vice President,
 Treasurer and Secretary

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INDEX TO EXHIBITS
Exhibit
Number
 Description
31.1 
   
31.2 
   
32 
   
101.INS XBRL Instance Document
   
101.SCH XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
   
101.CAL XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
   
101.DEF XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
   
101.LAB XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
   
101.PRE XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
41