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CSGS CSG Systems International

Filed: 6 May 21, 1:41pm

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2021

OR

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from                     to                      

Commission file number 0-27512

 

CSG SYSTEMS INTERNATIONAL, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

Delaware

47-0783182

(State or other jurisdiction
of incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

 

6175 S. Willow Drive, 10th Floor

Greenwood Village, Colorado 80111

(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)

(303) 200-2000

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

 

Trading

Symbol(s)

 

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock, Par Value $0.01 Per Share

 

CSGS

 

NASDAQ Stock Market LLC

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes              No     

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes              No     

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

 

  

Accelerated filer

 

Non-accelerated filer

 

  

Smaller reporting company

 

Emerging growth company

 

 

 

 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No  

As of April 30, 2021, there were 32,889,346 shares of the registrant’s common stock outstanding.

 

 

 


 

CSG SYSTEMS INTERNATIONAL, INC.

FORM 10-Q for the Quarter Ended March 31, 2021

INDEX

 

 

 

Page No.

 

 

 

Part I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 (Unaudited)

3

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income for the Quarters ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 (Unaudited)

4

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the Quarters ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 (Unaudited)

5

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity for the Quarters ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 (Unaudited)

6

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Quarters ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 (Unaudited)

7

 

 

 

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

8

 

 

 

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

15

 

 

 

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

23

 

 

 

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

24

 

 

 

Part II - OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

25

 

 

 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

25

 

 

 

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

25

 

 

 

Item 6.

Exhibits

25

 

 

 

 

Index to Exhibits

26

 

 

 

 

Signatures

27

 

 

 

2


 

 

CSG SYSTEMS INTERNATIONAL, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS - UNAUDITED

(in thousands, except per share amounts)  

 

 

March 31,

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

150,609

 

 

$

188,699

 

Short-term investments

 

 

54,539

 

 

 

51,598

 

Total cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments

 

 

205,148

 

 

 

240,297

 

Settlement assets

 

 

108,578

 

 

 

149,785

 

Trade accounts receivable:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Billed, net of allowance of $3,718 and $3,628

 

 

247,025

 

 

 

226,623

 

Unbilled

 

 

40,789

 

 

 

37,785

 

Income taxes receivable

 

 

2,421

 

 

 

2,167

 

Other current assets

 

 

39,047

 

 

 

41,688

 

Total current assets

 

 

643,008

 

 

 

698,345

 

Non-current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Property and equipment, net of depreciation of $110,797 and $105,073

 

 

81,944

 

 

 

81,759

 

Operating lease right-of-use assets

 

 

106,173

 

 

 

110,756

 

Software, net of amortization of $143,662 and $139,836

 

 

25,585

 

 

 

26,453

 

Goodwill

 

 

273,265

 

 

 

272,322

 

Acquired customer contracts, net of amortization of $107,846 and $105,778

 

 

46,273

 

 

 

48,012

 

Customer costs, net of amortization of $42,802 and $39,893

 

 

47,334

 

 

 

47,238

 

Deferred income taxes

 

 

9,892

 

 

 

10,205

 

Other assets

 

 

41,007

 

 

 

36,910

 

Total non-current assets

 

 

631,473

 

 

 

633,655

 

Total assets

 

$

1,274,481

 

 

$

1,332,000

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current portion of long-term debt, net of unamortized discounts of $3,119 and 0

 

$

241,881

 

 

$

14,063

 

Operating lease liabilities

 

 

23,309

 

 

 

22,651

 

Customer deposits

 

 

32,565

 

 

 

39,992

 

Trade accounts payable

 

 

32,949

 

 

 

29,834

 

Accrued employee compensation

 

 

71,120

 

 

 

86,289

 

Settlement liabilities

 

 

107,023

 

 

 

148,819

 

Deferred revenue

 

 

55,840

 

 

 

52,357

 

Income taxes payable

 

 

5,797

 

 

 

6,627

 

Other current liabilities

 

 

17,249

 

 

 

19,383

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

587,733

 

 

 

420,015

 

Non-current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Long-term debt, net of unamortized discounts of $1,017 and $5,346

 

 

107,733

 

 

 

337,154

 

Operating lease liabilities

 

 

91,028

 

 

 

95,926

 

Deferred revenue

 

 

15,505

 

 

 

17,275

 

Income taxes payable

 

 

2,467

 

 

 

2,436

 

Deferred income taxes

 

 

11,569

 

 

 

5,109

 

Other non-current liabilities

 

 

30,731

 

 

 

31,690

 

Total non-current liabilities

 

 

259,033

 

 

 

489,590

 

Total liabilities

 

 

846,766

 

 

 

909,605

 

Stockholders' equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, par value $.01 per share; 10,000 shares authorized; 0 shares issued and outstanding

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

Common stock, par value $.01 per share; 100,000 shares authorized; 32,963 and 32,713 shares outstanding

 

 

704

 

 

 

700

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

471,364

 

 

 

470,557

 

Treasury stock, at cost; 36,122 and 35,980 shares

 

 

(900,644

)

 

 

(894,126

)

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unrealized gains on short-term investments, net of tax

 

 

7

 

 

 

13

 

Cumulative foreign currency translation adjustments

 

 

(31,506

)

 

 

(31,151

)

Accumulated earnings

 

 

887,790

 

 

 

876,402

 

Total stockholders' equity

 

 

427,715

 

 

 

422,395

 

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity

 

$

1,274,481

 

 

$

1,332,000

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

3


 

CSG SYSTEMS INTERNATIONAL, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME - UNAUDITED

(in thousands, except per share amounts)

 

 

Quarter Ended

 

 

 

March 31,

2021

 

 

March 31,

2020

 

 

Revenue

$

253,119

 

 

$

245,617

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of revenue (exclusive of depreciation, shown separately below)

 

133,542

 

 

 

131,206

 

 

Other operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development

 

32,212

 

 

 

30,337

 

 

Selling, general and administrative

 

48,815

 

 

 

44,384

 

 

Depreciation

 

6,113

 

 

 

5,565

 

 

Restructuring and reorganization charges

 

1,060

 

 

 

966

 

 

Total operating expenses

 

221,742

 

 

 

212,458

 

 

Operating income

 

31,377

 

 

 

33,159

 

 

Other income (expense):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest expense

 

(3,592

)

 

 

(4,213

)

 

Amortization of original issue discount

 

(772

)

 

 

(730

)

 

Interest and investment income, net

 

124

 

 

 

529

 

 

Other, net

 

(555

)

 

 

(69

)

 

Total other

 

(4,795

)

 

 

(4,483

)

 

Income before income taxes

 

26,582

 

 

 

28,676

 

 

Income tax provision

 

(6,951

)

 

 

(7,162

)

 

Net income

$

19,631

 

 

$

21,514

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted-average shares outstanding:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

31,844

 

 

 

31,994

 

 

Diluted

 

32,146

 

 

 

32,358

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings per common share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

$

0.62

 

 

$

0.67

 

 

Diluted

 

0.61

 

 

 

0.66

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

4


 

CSG SYSTEMS INTERNATIONAL, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME - UNAUDITED

(in thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Quarter Ended

 

 

 

 

March 31,

2021

 

 

March 31,

2020

 

 

Net income

 

$

19,631

 

 

$

21,514

 

 

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign currency translation adjustments

 

 

(355

)

 

 

(15,084

)

 

Unrealized holding losses on short-term investments arising during period

 

 

(6

)

 

 

(24

)

 

Other comprehensive loss, net of tax

 

 

(361

)

 

 

(15,108

)

 

Total comprehensive income, net of tax

 

$

19,270

 

 

$

6,406

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 


5


 

 

CSG SYSTEMS INTERNATIONAL, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY - UNAUDITED

(in thousands)

 

 

 

Shares of Common Stock Outstanding

 

Common Stock

 

Additional Paid-in Capital

 

Treasury Stock

 

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

 

Accumulated Earnings

 

Total Stockholders' Equity

 

For the Quarter Ended March 31, 2021:

 

BALANCE, January 1, 2021

 

32,713

 

$

700

 

$

470,557

 

$

(894,126

)

$

(31,138

)

$

876,402

 

$

422,395

 

Comprehensive income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

19,631

 

 

 

 

Unrealized gain on short-term investments, net of tax

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

(6

)

 

-

 

 

 

 

Foreign currency translation adjustments

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

(355

)

 

-

 

 

 

 

Total comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

19,270

 

Repurchase of common stock

 

(252

)

 

(1

)

 

(5,202

)

 

(6,518

)

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

(11,721

)

Issuance of common stock pursuant to employee stock purchase plan

 

16

 

 

-

 

 

619

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

619

 

Issuance of restricted common stock pursuant to stock-based compensation plans

 

487

 

 

5

 

 

(5

)

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

Cancellation of restricted common stock issued pursuant to stock-based compensation plans

 

(1

)

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

Stock-based compensation expense

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

5,395

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

5,395

 

Dividends

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

(8,243

)

 

(8,243

)

BALANCE, March 31, 2021

 

32,963

 

$

704

 

$

471,364

 

$

(900,644

)

$

(31,499

)

$

887,790

 

$

427,715

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shares of Common Stock Outstanding

 

Common Stock

 

Additional Paid-in Capital

 

Treasury Stock

 

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

 

Accumulated Earnings

 

Total Stockholders' Equity

 

For the Quarter Ended March 31, 2020:

 

BALANCE, January 1, 2020

 

32,891

 

$

696

 

$

454,663

 

$

(867,817

)

$

(39,503

)

$

848,623

 

$

396,662

 

Comprehensive income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

21,514

 

 

 

 

Unrealized gain on short-term investments, net of tax

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

(24

)

 

-

 

 

 

 

Foreign currency translation adjustments

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

(15,084

)

 

-

 

 

 

 

Total comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6,406

 

Repurchase of common stock

 

(299

)

 

(2

)

 

(7,555

)

 

(6,408

)

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

(13,965

)

Issuance of common stock pursuant to employee stock purchase plan

 

14

 

 

-

 

 

564

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

564

 

Issuance of restricted common stock pursuant to stock-based compensation plans

 

476

 

 

5

 

 

(5

)

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

Cancellation of restricted common stock issued pursuant to stock-based compensation plans

 

(7

)

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

Stock-based compensation expense

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

4,857

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

4,857

 

Dividends

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

(7,693

)

 

(7,693

)

BALANCE, March 31, 2020

 

33,075

 

$

699

 

$

452,524

 

$

(874,225

)

$

(54,611

)

$

862,444

 

$

386,831

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

6


CSG SYSTEMS INTERNATIONAL, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS - UNAUDITED

(in thousands)

 

 

Quarter Ended

 

 

 

March 31,

2021

 

 

March 31,

2020

 

 

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

$

19,631

 

 

$

21,514

 

 

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash used in operating activities -

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation

 

6,113

 

 

 

5,565

 

 

Amortization

 

10,737

 

 

 

10,788

 

 

Amortization of original issue discount

 

772

 

 

 

730

 

 

Asset impairment

 

102

 

 

 

259

 

 

(Gain)/loss on short-term investments

 

15

 

 

 

(85

)

 

Deferred income taxes

 

6,508

 

 

 

9,310

 

 

Stock-based compensation

 

5,395

 

 

 

4,857

 

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of acquired amounts:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trade accounts receivable, net

 

(23,874

)

 

 

(23,304

)

 

Other current and non-current assets and liabilities

 

(999

)

 

 

(8,452

)

 

Income taxes payable/receivable

 

(1,022

)

 

 

(3,092

)

 

Trade accounts payable and accrued liabilities

 

(28,101

)

 

 

(32,455

)

 

Deferred revenue

 

1,914

 

 

 

7,152

 

 

Net cash used in operating activities

 

(2,809

)

 

 

(7,213

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchases of software, property and equipment

 

(8,239

)

 

 

(4,822

)

 

Purchases of short-term investments

 

(32,304

)

 

 

(16,037

)

 

Proceeds from sale/maturity of short-term investments

 

29,340

 

 

 

18,670

 

 

Acquisition of and investments in business, net of cash acquired

 

(648

)

 

 

(9,991

)

 

Net cash used in investing activities

 

(11,851

)

 

 

(12,180

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from issuance of common stock

 

619

 

 

 

564

 

 

Payment of cash dividends

 

(8,635

)

 

 

(8,277

)

 

Repurchase of common stock

 

(11,738

)

 

 

(13,876

)

 

Payments on long-term debt

 

(2,813

)

 

 

(1,875

)

 

Net cash used in financing activities

 

(22,567

)

 

 

(23,464

)

 

Effect of exchange rate fluctuations on cash

 

(863

)

 

 

(5,947

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents

 

(38,090

)

 

 

(48,804

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

 

188,699

 

 

 

156,548

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

$

150,609

 

 

$

107,744

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash paid during the period for -

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest

$

5,661

 

 

$

6,194

 

 

Income taxes

 

1,468

 

 

 

857

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 


7


 

CSG SYSTEMS INTERNATIONAL, INC.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

 

1.  GENERAL

We have prepared the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, and for the quarters ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S.”) (“GAAP”) for interim financial information, and pursuant to the instructions to Form 10-Q and the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”).  Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements.  In the opinion of our management, all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring adjustments) considered necessary for a fair presentation of our financial position and operating results have been included.  The unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (the “Financial Statements”) should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and notes thereto, together with Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (“MD&A”), contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 (our “2020 10-K”), filed with the SEC.  The results of operations for the quarter ended March 31, 2021 are not necessarily indicative of the expected results for the entire year ending December 31, 2021.

2.  SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Use of Estimates in Preparation of Financial Statements. The preparation of the accompanying Financial Statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of our Financial Statements, and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting periods.  Actual results could differ from those estimates.  

Revenue.  The majority of our future revenue is related to our revenue management solution customer contracts that include variable consideration dependent upon a series of monthly volumes and/or daily usage of services and have contractual terms ending from 2021 through 2028.  Our customer contracts may include guaranteed minimums and fixed monthly or annual fees.  As of March 31, 2021, our aggregate amount of the transaction price allocated to the remaining performance obligations is approximately $900 million, which is made up of fixed fee consideration and guaranteed minimums expected to be recognized in the future related to performance obligations that are unsatisfied (or partially unsatisfied).  We expect to recognize approximately 80% of this amount by the end of 2023, with the remaining amount recognized by the end of 2028.  We have excluded from this amount variable consideration expected to be recognized in the future related to performance obligations that are unsatisfied.    

The nature, amount, timing, and uncertainty of our revenue and how revenue and cash flows are affected by economic factors is most appropriately depicted by revenue type, geographic region, and customer vertical.

Revenue by type for the first quarters of 2021 and 2020 was as follows (in thousands):

 

 

 

Quarter Ended

 

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

Cloud and related solutions

 

$

227,019

 

 

$

222,220

 

 

Software and services

 

 

14,779

 

 

 

13,206

 

 

Maintenance

 

 

11,321

 

 

 

10,191

 

 

Total revenue

 

$

253,119

 

 

$

245,617

 

 

 

We use the location of the customer as the basis of attributing revenue to geographic regions.  Revenue by geographic region for the first quarters of 2021 and 2020, as a percentage of our total revenue, was as follows:

 

 

 

Quarter Ended

 

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

Americas (principally the U.S.)

 

 

86

%

 

 

88

%

 

Europe, Middle East, and Africa

 

 

10

%

 

 

9

%

 

Asia Pacific

 

 

4

%

 

 

3

%

 

Total revenue

 

 

100

%

 

 

100

%

 

 

8


 

We generate our revenue primarily from the global communications markets; however, we serve an expanding group of customers in markets including financial services, healthcare, media and entertainment companies, and government entities.  Revenue by customer vertical for the first quarters of 2021 and 2020, as a percentage of our total revenue, was as follows:

 

 

 

Quarter Ended

 

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

Broadband/Cable/Satellite

 

 

57

%

 

 

58

%

 

Telecommunications

 

 

18

%

 

 

17

%

 

Other

 

 

25

%

 

 

25

%

 

Total revenue

 

 

100

%

 

 

100

%

 

Deferred revenue recognized for the first quarters of 2021and 2020 was $20.1 million and $17.7 million, respectively.

Cash and Cash Equivalents. We consider all highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less at the date of the purchase to be cash equivalents.  As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, our cash equivalents consist primarily of institutional money market funds, commercial paper, and time deposits held at major banks.

As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, we had $1.9 million and $1.7 million, respectively, of restricted cash that serves to collateralize outstanding letters of credit.  This restricted cash is included in cash and cash equivalents in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (“Balance Sheets” or “Balance Sheet”).  For the cash and cash equivalents denominated in foreign currencies and/or located outside the U.S., we do not anticipate any material amounts being unavailable for use in running our business, but may face limitations on moving cash out of certain foreign jurisdictions due to currency controls and potential negative economic consequences.

Short-term Investments and Other Financial Instruments.  Our financial instruments as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 include cash and cash equivalents, short-term investments, accounts receivable, accounts payable, and debt.  Due to their short maturities, the carrying amounts of cash equivalents, accounts receivable, and accounts payable approximate their fair value.

Our short-term investments and certain of our cash equivalents are considered “available-for-sale” and are reported at fair value in our Balance Sheets, with unrealized gains and losses, net of the related income tax effect, excluded from earnings and reported in a separate component of stockholders’ equity.  Realized and unrealized gains and losses were not material in any period presented.

Primarily all short-term investments held by us as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 have contractual maturities of less than two years from the time of acquisition.  Our short-term investments as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 consisted almost entirely of fixed income securities.  Proceeds from the sale/maturity of short-term investments for the first quarters of March 31, 2021 and 2020 were $29.3 million and $18.7 million, respectively.

Our short-term investments as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 were $54.5 million and $51.6 million, respectively.

The following table represents the fair value hierarchy based upon three levels of inputs, of which Levels 1 and 2 are considered observable and Level 3 is unobservable, for our financial assets measured at fair value (in thousands):

 

 

 

March 31, 2021

 

 

December 31, 2020

 

 

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Total

 

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Total

 

Cash equivalents:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Money market funds

 

$

33,546

 

 

$

 

 

$

33,546

 

 

$

33,535

 

 

$

 

 

$

33,535

 

Commercial paper

 

 

 

 

 

9,224

 

 

 

9,224

 

 

 

 

 

 

15,746

 

 

 

15,746

 

Corporate debt securities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,351

 

 

 

1,351

 

Short-term investments:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corporate debt securities

 

 

 

 

 

42,544

 

 

 

42,544

 

 

 

 

 

 

38,672

 

 

 

38,672

 

U.S. government agency bonds

 

 

 

 

 

4,628

 

 

 

4,628

 

 

 

 

 

 

4,642

 

 

 

4,642

 

Asset-backed securities

 

 

 

 

 

7,367

 

 

 

7,367

 

 

 

 

 

 

8,284

 

 

 

8,284

 

Total

 

$

33,546

 

 

$

63,763

 

 

$

97,309

 

 

$

33,535

 

 

$

68,695

 

 

$

102,230

 

Valuation inputs used to measure the fair values of our money market funds were derived from quoted market prices.  The fair values of all other financial instruments are based upon pricing provided by third-party pricing services.  These prices were derived from observable market inputs.

9


We have chosen not to record our debt at fair value, with changes recognized in earnings each reporting period.  The following table indicates the carrying value (par value for convertible debt) and estimated fair value of our debt as of the indicated periods (in thousands):

 

 

 

March 31,

2021

 

 

December 31,

2020

 

 

 

Carrying

 

 

Fair

 

 

Carrying

 

 

Fair

 

 

 

Value

 

 

Value

 

 

Value

 

 

Value

 

2018 Credit Agreement (carrying value including current maturities)

 

$

123,750

 

 

$

123,750

 

 

$

126,563

 

 

$

126,563

 

2016 Convertible debt (par value)

 

 

230,000

 

 

 

243,513

 

 

 

230,000

 

 

 

244,663

 

The fair value for our credit agreement was estimated using a discounted cash flow methodology, while the fair value for our convertible debt was estimated based upon quoted market prices or recent sales activity, both of which are considered Level 2 inputs.

Equity Method Investment.  We held a 15% noncontrolling interest in a payment technology and services company with a carrying value of approximately $8 million as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, included in other non-current assets in our Balance Sheets.

Accounting Pronouncement Issued But Not Yet Effective.  In August 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-06, Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entity’s Own Equity (“ASU 2020-06”), which simplifies the accounting for certain financial instruments with characteristics of liabilities and equity, including convertible instruments and contracts in an entity’s own equity. ASU 2020-06 also amends the related Earnings Per Share guidance. ASU 2020-06 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021, and can be adopted on either a fully retrospective or modified retrospective basis. We are currently evaluating the timing, method of adoption, and overall impact of this standard on our Financial Statements.

3.  LONG-LIVED ASSETS

Goodwill. The changes in the carrying amount of goodwill for the first quarter of 2021 were as follows (in thousands):

 

 

 

 

 

January 1, 2021 balance

 

$

272,322

 

Goodwill acquired during period

 

 

168

 

Adjustments related to prior acquisitions

 

 

(15

)

Effects of changes in foreign currency exchange rates

 

 

790

 

March 31, 2021 balance

 

$

273,265

 

Other Intangible Assets.  Our other intangible assets subject to ongoing amortization consist primarily of acquired customer contracts and software.  As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the carrying values of these assets were as follows (in thousands):

 

 

 

March 31,

2021

 

 

December 31,

2020

 

 

 

Gross

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gross

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Carrying

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

Net

 

 

Carrying

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

Net

 

 

 

Amount

 

 

Amortization

 

 

Amount

 

 

Amount

 

 

Amortization

 

 

Amount

 

Acquired customer contracts

 

$

154,119

 

 

$

(107,846

)

 

$

46,273

 

 

$

153,790

 

 

$

(105,778

)

 

$

48,012

 

Software

 

 

169,247

 

 

 

(143,662

)

 

 

25,585

 

 

 

166,289

 

 

 

(139,836

)

 

 

26,453

 

Total intangible assets

 

$

323,366

 

 

$

(251,508

)

 

$

71,858

 

 

$

320,079

 

 

$

(245,614

)

 

$

74,465

 

 

The total amortization expense related to other intangible assets for the first quarters of 2021 and 2020 were $5.6 million and $6.3 million, respectively.  Based on the March 31, 2021 net carrying value of our other intangible assets, the estimated total amortization expense for each of the five succeeding fiscal years ending December 31 are: 2021 – $20.5 million; 2022 – $14.7 million; 2023 – $10.8 million; 2024 – $7.4 million; and 2025 – $6.5 million. 

10


Customer Contract Costs.  As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the carrying values of our customer contract cost assets, related to those contracts with a contractual term greater than one year, were as follows (in thousands):

 

 

 

March 31,

2021

 

 

December 31,

2020

 

 

 

Gross

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gross

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Carrying

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

Net

 

 

Carrying

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

Net

 

 

 

Amount

 

 

Amortization

 

 

Amount

 

 

Amount

 

 

Amortization

 

 

Amount

 

Customer contract costs

 

$

90,136

 

 

$

(42,802

)

 

$

47,334

 

 

$

87,131

 

 

$

(39,893

)

 

$

47,238

 

 

The total amortization expense related to customer contract costs for the first quarters of 2021 and 2020 were $4.7 million and $4.0 million, respectively. 

4.  DEBT

Our long-term debt, as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, was as follows (in thousands):

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

2018 Credit Agreement:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Term loan, due March 2023, interest at adjusted LIBOR plus 1.5% (combined rate of 1.70% at March 31, 2021 and 1.75% at December 31, 2020)

 

$

123,750

 

 

$

126,563

 

Less – deferred financing costs

 

 

(1,017

)

 

 

(1,155

)

2018 Term Loan, net of unamortized discounts

 

 

122,733

 

 

 

125,408

 

$200 million revolving loan facility, due March 2023, interest at adjusted LIBOR plus applicable margin

 

 

 

 

2016 Convertible Notes:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Convertible Notes – Senior convertible notes; due March 15, 2036; cash interest at 4.25%

 

 

230,000

 

 

 

230,000

 

Less – unamortized original issue discount

 

 

(2,249

)

 

 

(3,021

)

Less – deferred financing costs

 

 

(870

)

 

 

(1,170

)

2016 Convertible Notes, net of unamortized discounts

 

 

226,881

 

 

 

225,809

 

Total debt, net of unamortized discounts

 

 

349,614

 

 

 

351,217

 

Current portion of long-term debt, net of unamortized discounts

 

 

(241,881

)

 

 

(14,063

)

Long-term debt, net of unamortized discounts

 

$

107,733

 

 

$

337,154

 

2018 Credit Agreement.  During the quarter ended March 31, 2021, we made $2.8 million of principal repayments on our $150 million aggregate principal five-year term loan (the “2018 Term Loan”).  As of March 31, 2021, our interest rate on the 2018 Term Loan is 1.70% (adjusted LIBOR plus 1.50% per annum), effective through June 2021, and our commitment fee on the unused $200 million aggregate principal five-year revolving loan facility (the “2018 Revolver”) is 0.20%.  As of March 31, 2021, we had 0 borrowings outstanding on our 2018 Revolver and had the entire $200.0 million available to us.  

The interest rates under the 2018 Credit Agreement are based upon our choice of an adjusted LIBOR rate plus an applicable margin of 1.50% – 2.50%, or an alternate base rate plus an applicable margin of 0.50% – 1.50%, with the applicable margin, depending on our then-net secured total leverage ratio.  We will pay a commitment fee of 0.200% – 0.375% of the average daily unused amount of the 2018 Revolver, with the commitment fee rate also dependent upon our then-net secured total leverage ratio.  If the LIBOR rate is no longer available, then our interest rate under the Credit Agreement will be determined by the alternate base rate plus an applicable margin as discussed above.  

11


2016 Convertible Notes.  We will settle conversions of the 2016 Convertible Notes by paying or delivering, as the case may be, cash, shares of our common stock, or a combination thereof, at our election.  It is our current intent and policy to settle our conversion obligations as follows: (i) pay cash for 100% of the par value of the 2016 Convertible Notes that are converted; and (ii) to the extent the value of our conversion obligation exceeds the par value, we can satisfy the remaining conversion obligation in our common stock, cash, or a combination thereof.

The 2016 Convertible Notes will be convertible at the option of the note holders upon the satisfaction of specified conditions and during certain periods.  During the period from, and including, December 15, 2021 to the close of business on the business day immediately preceding March 15, 2022 and on or after December 15, 2035, holders may convert all or any portion of their 2016 Convertible Notes at the conversion rate then in effect at any time regardless of these conditions. For the 2016 Convertible Notes presented during this time frame, the settlement amount will be equal to the sum of the daily settlement amounts for each of the following 40 consecutive trading days during the related observation period.

As the 2016 Convertible Notes can be converted at the holder's option beginning December 15, 2021 and ending March 15, 2022, subject to an observation holding period of 40 days, the net carrying value of the 2016 Convertible Notes of $226.9 million has been classified as a current liability in our Balance Sheet as of March 31, 2021.

As a result of our quarterly dividend in March 2021 (see Note 7), the previous conversion rate for the 2016 Convertible Notes of 17.6656 shares of our common stock per $1,000 principal amount of the 2016 Convertible Notes, which is equivalent to an initial conversion price of $56.61 per share of our common stock, has been adjusted to 17.6898 shares of our common stock per $1,000 principal amount of the 2016 Convertible Notes, which is equivalent to an initial conversion price of $56.53 per share of our common stock.  Holders may require us to repurchase the 2016 Convertible Notes for cash on each of March 15, 2022, March 15, 2026, and March 15, 2031, or upon the occurrence of a fundamental change (as defined in the 2016 Convertible Notes Indenture) in each case at a purchase price equal to the principal amount thereof plus accrued and unpaid interest.

We may redeem for cash all or part of the 2016 Convertible Notes if the last reported sale price of our common stock has been at least 130% of the conversion price then in effect for at least 20 trading days (whether or not consecutive) during any 30 consecutive trading day period (including the last trading day of such period) ending on, and including, the trading day immediately preceding the date on which we provide notice of redemption.  On or after March 15, 2022, we may redeem for cash all or part of the 2016 Convertible Notes regardless of the sales price condition described in the preceding sentence.  In each case, the redemption price will equal the principal amount of the 2016 Convertible Notes to be redeemed, plus accrued and unpaid interest.

As of March 31, 2021, none of the conversion features have been achieved, and thus, the 2016 Convertible Notes are not convertible by the holders.

5.  COMMITMENTS, GUARANTEES AND CONTINGENCIES

 

Guarantees.  In the ordinary course of business, we may provide guarantees in the form of bid bonds, performance bonds, or standby letters of credit.  At March 31, 2021, we had $2.9 million of restricted assets used to collateralize these guarantees, with $1.9 million included in cash and cash equivalents and $1.0 million included in other non-current assets. We have bid bonds and performance guarantees in form of surety bonds issued through a third-party of $4.4 million that were not required to be recorded on our Balance Sheet.  We are ultimately liable for claims that may occur against these guarantees.  We have no history of material claims or are aware of circumstances that would require us to pay under any of these arrangements.  We also believe that the resolution of any claim that may arise in the future, either individually or in the aggregate, would not be material to our Financial Statements.

 

Additionally, we have money transmitter bonds issued through a third-party for the benefit of various states to comply with the states’ financial requirements and industry regulations for money transmitter licenses.  At March 31, 2021, we had total aggregate money transmitter bonds of approximately $15 million outstanding.

Warranties. We generally warrant that our solutions and related offerings will conform to published specifications, or to specifications provided in an individual customer arrangement, as applicable.  The typical warranty period is 90 days from the date of acceptance of the solution or offering.  For certain service offerings we provide a warranty for the duration of the services provided.  We generally warrant that services will be performed in a professional and workmanlike manner.  The typical remedy for breach of warranty is to correct or replace any defective deliverable, and if not possible or practical, we will accept the return of the defective deliverable and refund the amount paid under the customer arrangement that is allocable to the defective deliverable.  Our contracts also generally contain limitation of damages provisions in an effort to reduce our exposure to monetary damages arising from breach of warranty claims.  Historically, we have incurred minimal warranty costs, and as a result, do not maintain a warranty reserve.

Solution and Services Indemnifications. Our arrangements with our customers generally include an indemnification provision that will indemnify and defend a customer in actions brought against the customer that claim our products and/or services infringe upon a

12


copyright, trade secret, or valid patent.  Historically, we have not incurred any significant costs related to such indemnification claims, and as a result, do not maintain a reserve for such exposure.

Claims for Company Non-performance.  Our arrangements with our customers typically limit our liability for breach to a specified amount of the direct damages incurred by the customer resulting from the breach.  From time-to-time, these arrangements may also include provisions for possible liquidated damages or other financial remedies for our non-performance, or in the case of certain of our outsourced customer care and billing solutions, provisions for damages related to service level performance requirements.  The service level performance requirements typically relate to system availability and timeliness of service delivery.  As of March 31, 2021, we believe we have adequate reserves, based on our historical experience, to cover any reasonably anticipated exposure as a result of our nonperformance for any past or current arrangements with our customers.  

Indemnifications Related to Officers and the Board of Directors.  We have agreed to indemnify members of our Board of Directors (the “Board”) and certain of our officers if they are named or threatened to be named as a party to any proceeding by reason of the fact that they acted in such capacity.  We maintain directors’ and officers’ (D&O) insurance coverage to protect against such losses.  We have not historically incurred any losses related to these types of indemnifications, and are not aware of any pending or threatened actions or claims against any officer or member of our Board.  As a result, we have not recorded any liabilities related to such indemnifications as of March 31, 2021.  In addition, as a result of the insurance policy coverage, we believe these indemnification agreements are not significant to our results of operations.       

Legal Proceedings.  From time-to-time, we are involved in litigation relating to claims arising out of our operations in the normal course of business.  

6.  EARNINGS PER COMMON SHARE

Basic and diluted earnings per common share (“EPS”) amounts are presented on the face of the accompanying Income Statements.

No reconciliation of the basic and diluted EPS numerators is necessary as net income is used as the numerators for all periods presented. The reconciliation of the basic and diluted EPS denominators related to the common shares is included in the following table (in thousands):

 

 

 

Quarter Ended

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

Basic weighted-average common shares

 

 

31,844

 

 

 

31,994

 

Dilutive effect of restricted common stock

 

 

302

 

 

 

364

 

Diluted weighted-average common shares

 

 

32,146

 

 

 

32,358

 

 

The Convertible Notes have a dilutive effect only in those quarterly periods in which our average stock price exceeds the current effective conversion price (see Note 4).

The stock warrants have a dilutive effect only in those quarterly periods in which our average stock price exceeds the exercise price of $26.68 per warrant (under the treasury stock method), and are not subject to performance vesting conditions (see Note 7).  Potentially dilutive common shares related to non-participating unvested restricted stock excluded from the computation of diluted EPS, as the effect was antidilutive, were not material in any period presented.

7.  STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY AND EQUITY COMPENSATION PLANS

 

Stock Repurchase Program. We currently have a stock repurchase program, approved by our Board, authorizing us to repurchase our common stock from time-to-time as market and business conditions warrant (the “Stock Repurchase Program”).  During the first quarters of 2021 and 2020 we repurchased approximately 142,000 shares of our common stock for $6.5 million (weighted-average price of $45.94 per share) and approximately 142,000 shares of our common stock for $6.4 million (weighted-average price of $45.26 per share), respectively,  under a SEC Rule 10b5-1 Plan.  

As of March 31, 2021, the total remaining number of shares available for repurchase under the Stock Repurchase Program totaled 4.2 million shares.

13


Stock Repurchases for Tax Withholdings. In addition to the above-mentioned stock repurchases, during the first quarters of 2021 and 2020 we repurchased and then cancelled approximately 110,000 shares of common stock for $5.2 million and approximately 157,000 shares of common stock for $7.6 million, respectively,  in connection with minimum tax withholding requirements resulting from the vesting of restricted common stock under our stock incentive plans.

Cash Dividends.  During the first quarter of 2021, the Board approved a quarterly cash dividend of $0.25 per share of common stock, totaling $8.2 million.  During the first quarter of 2020, the Board approved a quarterly cash dividend of $0.235 per share of common stock, totaling $7.7 million. 

Warrants.  In 2014, in conjunction with the execution of an amendment to our current agreement with Comcast Corporation (“Comcast”), we issued stock warrants (the “Warrant Agreement”) for the right to purchase up to 2.9 million shares of our common stock (the “Stock Warrants”) as an additional incentive for Comcast to convert customer accounts onto our Advanced Convergent Platform (“ACP”) based on various milestones.  The Stock Warrants have a ten-year term and an exercise price of $26.68 per warrant.        

As of March 31, 2021, 1.0 million Stock Warrants remain issued, NaN of which were vested.  The remaining unvested Stock Warrants will be accounted for as a customer contract cost asset once the performance conditions necessary for vesting are considered probable.

Stock-Based Awards. A summary of our unvested restricted common stock activity during the first quarter of 2021 is as follows (shares in thousands):

 

Quarter Ended

 

 

 

March 31, 2021

 

 

 

Shares

 

 

Weighted-

Average

Grant

Date Fair Value

 

 

Unvested awards, beginning

 

1,041

 

 

$

41.31

 

 

Awards granted

 

513

 

 

 

47.88

 

 

Awards forfeited/cancelled

 

(2

)

 

 

40.81

 

 

Awards vested

 

(340

)

 

 

41.65

 

 

Unvested awards, ending

 

1,212

 

 

$

43.87

 

 

 

Included in the awards granted during the first quarter of 2021 are performance-based awards for 0.1 million restricted common stock shares issued to members of executive management and certain key employees, which vest in the first quarter of 2023 upon meeting certain pre-established financial performance objectives over a two-year performance period. Certain of these awards become fully vested upon a change in control, as defined, and the subsequent involuntary termination of employment.

The other restricted common stock shares granted during the first quarter of 2021 are primarily time-based awards, which vest annually over four years with no restrictions other than the passage of time.  Certain shares of the restricted common stock become fully vested upon a change in control, as defined, and the subsequent involuntary termination of employment, or death.

We recorded stock-based compensation expense for the first quarters of 2021 and 2020 of $5.4 million and $4.9 million, respectively

 


14


 

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The information contained in this MD&A should be read in conjunction with the Financial Statements and Notes thereto included in this Form 10-Q and the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto in our 2020 10-K.

Forward-Looking Statements

This report contains a number of forward-looking statements relative to our future plans and our expectations concerning our business and the industries we serve.  These forward-looking statements are based on assumptions about a number of important factors, and involve risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from estimates contained in the forward-looking statements.  Some of the risks that are foreseen by management are outlined within Part I Item 1A. Risk Factors of our 2020 10-K.  Readers are strongly encouraged to review that section closely in conjunction with MD&A.

Company Overview

We are one of the world’s leading providers of revenue management, customer engagement, and payment solutions that enable a growing list of companies around the world to monetize relationships with their customers in an era of rapid change and digital transformation.  We leverage more than 35 years of experience to deliver innovative customer engagement solutions that help our customers solve their toughest challenges, helping them make ordinary customer experiences extraordinary.  Our diverse, worldwide workforce draws from real-world knowledge and extensive expertise to design and implement business solutions that make our customers’ hardest decisions simpler so that they can focus on delivering differentiated and real-time experiences to their customers.

We offer solutions for every stage of the customer lifecycle so service providers can deliver an outstanding customer experience that adapts to their customers’ rapidly changing demands.  Our proven solutions are built on a combination of on-premise, public and private cloud platforms, either customized or pre-integrated, as well as managed services models that adapt to fit our customers’ unique business needs and enable the transformative change required to create personalized experiences that drive loyalty and retention.

We focus our research and development (“R&D”) and acquisition investments on expanding our offerings in a timely and efficient manner to address the complex, transformative needs of service providers.  Our scalable, modular, and flexible solutions combined with our domain expertise and our ability to effectively migrate customers to our solutions, provide the industry with proven solutions to improve their profitability and consumers’ experiences.  We have specifically architected our solutions to offer service providers a phased, incremental approach to transforming their businesses, thereby reducing the business interruption risk associated with this evolution.

As discussed in Note 2 to our Financial Statements, we generate our revenue primarily from the global communications markets; however, we serve an expanding group of customers in other markets including financial services, healthcare, media and entertainment companies, and government entities.

We are a member of the S&P Small Cap 600 and Russell 2000 indices.

Impact of COVID-19

In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared a global pandemic related to the rapidly spreading coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak which has led to a global health emergency.  Throughout the COVID-19 crisis, we have remained focused on protecting the health and safety of our employees, while meeting the needs of our customers. While we have taken measures to protect our employees, to include a remote working environment for those employees who are able to conduct business from home and significantly reduced travel, we are still conducting business as usual and are working with our customers to minimize any potential disruption. For those locations that remain open, such as our statement production centers, we require daily temperature checks and self-assessments. We will continue to provide work from home options through December 31, 2021, or such later date as conditions warrant. At this time, we do not believe that our work from home options and limited staffing in select office locations have adversely impacted our internal controls, financial reporting systems, or our operations.

The full extent of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business, operations, and financial results will depend on numerous evolving factors that we may not be able to accurately predict.  As we continue to manage our business in this uncertain environment, our priorities will remain the health and safety of our employees, providing our customers with world-class services and solutions, and prudently managing our liquidity to ensure our continued financial strength.  As of March 31, 2021, we had approximately $205 million in cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments, and an additional $200 million available to borrow under our revolving credit facility.  

See our Risk Factors in our 2020 Form 10-K for additional details.

15


Management Overview of Quarterly Results

First Quarter Highlights.  A summary of our results of operations for the first quarter of 2021, when compared to the first quarter of 2020, is as follows (in thousands, except per share amounts and percentages):

 

 

 

Quarter Ended

 

 

 

 

March 31,

2021

 

 

March 31,

2020

 

 

Revenue

 

$

253,119

 

 

$

245,617

 

 

Transaction fees (1)

 

 

16,450

 

 

 

18,324

 

 

Operating Results:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating income

 

$

31,377

 

 

$

33,159

 

 

Operating income margin

 

 

12.4

%

 

 

13.5

%

 

Diluted EPS

 

$

0.61

 

 

$

0.66

 

 

Supplemental Data:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Restructuring and reorganization charges

 

$

1,060

 

 

$

966

 

 

Executive transition costs

 

 

55

 

 

 

-

 

 

Acquisition-related costs:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amortization of acquired intangible assets

 

 

2,241

 

 

 

3,051

 

 

Transaction-related costs

 

 

79

 

 

 

53

 

 

Stock-based compensation (2)

 

 

5,395

 

 

 

4,925

 

 

Amortization of OID

 

 

772

 

 

 

730

 

 

 

(1)

Transaction fees are primarily comprised of interchange and other payment-related fees that we pay, in conjunction with the delivery of service to customers under our payment services contracts, to third-party payment processors and financial institutions.  Because we control the integrated service provided under our payment services customer contracts, these transaction fees are presented gross, and not netted against revenue.

 

 

(2)

Stock-based compensation included in the table above excludes amounts that have been recorded in restructuring and reorganization charges.

 

Revenue.  Revenue for the first quarter of 2021 was $253.1 million, a 3.1% increase when compared to revenue of $245.6 million for the first quarter of 2020, with the increase mainly attributed to continued growth in our revenue management solutions along with a strong quarter of professional services revenue.

Operating Results.  Operating income for the first quarter of 2021 was $31.4 million, or a 12.4% operating margin percentage, compared to $33.2 million, or a 13.5% operating margin percentage for the first quarter of 2020, with the decrease mainly attributed to increased employee-related costs.  The first quarter of 2020 operating income benefited from a mark-to-market reduction in a compensation liability that resulted from the unexpected and steep decline in the stock market that quarter.  

Diluted EPS.  Diluted EPS for the first quarter of 2021 was $0.61 compared to $0.66 for the first quarter of 2020, with the decrease mainly due the lower operating income, as discussed above.

Cash and Cash Flows.  As of March 31, 2021, we had cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments of $205.1 million, as compared to $240.3 million as of December 31, 2020.  Our cash flows from operating activities for the quarter ended March 31, 2021 were $(2.8) million due to the timing of a key recurring customer payment due before quarter-end which was received just after quarter-end, and the payment of the 2020 year-end accrued employee incentive compensation.  See the Liquidity section below for further discussion of our cash flows.

16


Significant Customer Relationships

Customer Concentration.  A large percentage of our historical revenue has been generated from our two largest customers, which are Comcast and Charter Corporation Inc. (“Charter”).

Revenue from these customers for the indicated periods was as follows (in thousands, except percentages):

 

 

 

Quarter Ended

 

 

 

March 31,

2021

 

 

December 31,

2020

 

 

March 31,

2020

 

 

 

Amount

 

 

% of Revenue

 

 

Amount

 

 

% of Revenue

 

 

Amount

 

 

% of Revenue

 

Comcast

 

$

53,454

 

 

 

21

%

 

$

54,845

 

 

 

21

%

 

$

52,679

 

 

 

21

%

Charter

 

 

53,382

 

 

 

21

%

 

 

54,121

 

 

 

21

%

 

 

50,712

 

 

 

21

%

The percentages of net billed accounts receivable balances attributable to our largest customers as of the indicated dates were as follows:

 

 

As of

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

December 31,

 

 

March 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

2020

 

Comcast

 

 

20

%

 

 

19

%

 

 

20

%

Charter

 

 

31

%

 

 

20

%

 

 

30

%

See our 2020 10-K for additional discussion of our business relationships and contractual terms with Comcast and Charter.

Charter.  Charter is one of our significant customers representing approximately 21% of our revenue.  Our agreement with Charter runs through December 31, 2021, with an option to extend the agreement for an additional one-year term. We are currently engaged in discussions with Charter regarding contract renewal terms.

Risk of Customer Concentration.  We expect to continue to generate a significant percentage of our future revenue from our largest customers mentioned above.  There are inherent risks whenever a large percentage of total revenue are concentrated with a limited number of customers.  Should a significant customer: (i) terminate or fail to renew their contracts with us, in whole or in part, for any reason; (ii) significantly reduce the number of customer accounts processed on our solutions, the price paid for our services, or the scope of services that we provide; or (iii) experience significant financial or operating difficulties, it could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.  

Critical Accounting Policies

The preparation of our Financial Statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires us to select appropriate accounting policies, and to make judgments and estimates affecting the application of those accounting policies.  In applying our accounting policies, different business conditions or the use of different assumptions may result in materially different amounts reported in our Financial Statements.

We have identified the most critical accounting policies that affect our financial position and the results of our operations.  Those critical accounting policies were determined by considering the accounting policies that involve the most complex or subjective decisions or assessments.  The most critical accounting policies identified relate to the following items: (i) revenue recognition; (ii) impairment assessments of long-lived assets; (iii) income taxes; and (iv) loss contingencies.  These critical accounting policies, as well as our other significant accounting policies, are discussed in our 2020 10-K.

17


Results of Operations

Revenue.  Total revenue for the first quarter of 2021 was $253.1 million, a 3.1% increase when compared to $245.6 million for the first quarter of 2020.  This increase can be attributed to the year-over-year growth in our revenue management solutions along with a strong quarter of professional services revenue.  

We use the location of the customer as the basis of attributing revenue to individual countries.  Revenue by geographic regions for the first quarters of 2021 and 2020 was as follows (in thousands):

 

 

 

Quarter Ended

 

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

Americas (principally the U.S.)

 

$

217,652

 

 

$

216,997

 

 

Europe, Middle East, and Africa

 

 

24,768

 

 

 

21,032

 

 

Asia Pacific

 

 

10,699

 

 

 

7,588

 

 

Total revenue

 

$

253,119

 

 

$

245,617

 

 

Total Operating Expenses.  Total operating expenses for the first quarter of 2021 were $221.7 million, a 4.4% increase when compared to $212.5 million for the first quarter of 2020,   resulting from a year-over-year increase in employee-related costs as we continue to grow the business.  In addition, the first quarter of 2020 reflects a benefit due to a mark-to-market reduction in a compensation liability that resulted from the unexpected and steep decline in the stock market.

The components of total expenses are discussed in more detail below.

Cost of Revenue (Exclusive of Depreciation).  The cost of revenue for the first quarter of 2021 was $133.5 million, a 1.8% increase when compared to $131.2 million for the first quarter of 2020. The increase in cost of revenue between quarters is reflective of the year-over-year revenue growth, as discussed above.  Total cost of revenue as a percentage of revenue for the first quarters of 2021 and 2020 was 52.8% and 53.4%, respectively. 

R&D Expense.  R&D expense for the first quarter of 2021 was $32.2 million, a 6.2% increase when compared to $30.3 million for the first quarter of 2020. This increase in R&D expense is mainly attributed to increased employee-related costs, to include personnel and the related costs previously assigned to cost of revenue projects being reassigned to R&D projects.  As a percentage of total revenue, R&D expense for the first quarters of 2021 and 2020 was 12.7% and 12.4%, respectively.

Our R&D efforts are focused on the continued evolution of our solutions that enable service providers worldwide to provide a more personalized customer experience while introducing new digital products and services.  This includes the continued investment in our cloud-based solutions. 

SG&A Expense.  SG&A expense for the first quarter of 2021 was $48.8 million, a 10.0% increase when compared to $44.4 million for the first quarter of 2020.  The increase in SG&A expense is mainly attributed to the increase in employee-related costs, discussed above, and is reflective of our accelerated growth strategy, as we continue to pursue organic and inorganic growth opportunities.  Our SG&A costs as a percentage of total revenue for the first quarters of 2021 and 2020 were 19.3% and 18.1%, respectively.

Depreciation.  Depreciation expense for the first quarter of 2021 was $6.1 million, a 9.8% increase when compared to $5.6 million for the first quarter of 2020.  This increase can be primarily attributed to the increased level of capital expenditures on items such as technology, security, infrastructure, and modernization of equipment.

Operating Income. Operating income for the first quarter of 2021 was $31.4 million, or 12.4% of total revenue, compared to $33.2 million, or 13.5% of total revenue for the first quarter of 2020, with the decrease mainly attributed to increased employee-related costs.  The first quarter of 2020 operating income benefited from a mark-to-market reduction in a compensation liability that resulted from the unexpected and steep decline in the stock market that quarter.    

  Income Tax Provision. The effective income tax rates for the first quarters of 2021 and 2020 were as follows:

 

Quarter Ended

 

 

March 31,

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

 

26

%

 

 

25

%

 

Our estimated full year 2021 effective income tax rate is approximately 27%.

18


Liquidity

Cash and Liquidity.  As of March 31, 2021, our principal sources of liquidity included cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments of $205.1 million, as compared to $240.3 million as of December 31, 2020. We generally invest our excess cash balances in low-risk, short-term investments to limit our exposure to market and credit risks.  

As part of our 2018 Credit Agreement, we have a $200 million senior secured revolving loan facility with a syndicate of financial institutions that expires in March 2023.  As of March 31, 2021, there were no borrowings outstanding on the 2018 Revolver.  The 2018 Credit Agreement contains customary affirmative covenants and financial covenants.  As of March 31, 2021, and the date of this filing, we believe that we are in compliance with the provisions of the 2018 Credit Agreement.  

Our cash, cash equivalents, and short-term investment balances as of the end of the indicated periods were located in the following geographical regions (in thousands):

 

 

March 31,

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

Americas (principally the U.S.)

 

$

149,863

 

 

$

183,918

 

Europe, Middle East and Africa

 

 

47,302

 

 

 

47,513

 

Asia Pacific

 

 

7,983

 

 

 

8,866

 

Total cash, equivalents and short-term investments

 

$

205,148

 

 

$

240,297

 

We generally have ready access to substantially all of our cash, cash equivalents, and short-term investment balances, but may face limitations on moving cash out of certain foreign jurisdictions due to currency controls and potential negative economic consequences.  As of March 31, 2021, we had $1.9 million of cash restricted as to use primarily to collateralize outstanding letters of credit.

Cash Flows from Operating Activities.  We calculate our cash flows from operating activities beginning with net income, adding back the impact of non-cash items or non-operating activity (e.g., depreciation, amortization, amortization of OID, impairments, gain/loss from debt extinguishments, deferred income taxes, stock-based compensation, etc.), and then factoring in the impact of changes in operating assets and liabilities.  See our 2020 10-K for a description of the primary uses and sources of our cash flows from operating activities.  

Our 2021 and 2020 net cash flows from operating activities, broken out between operations and changes in operating assets and liabilities, for the indicated quarterly periods are as follows (in thousands):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net Cash

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Changes in

 

 

Provided by

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating

 

 

(Used In) Operating

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Assets and

 

 

Activities –

 

 

 

Operations

 

 

Liabilities

 

 

Totals

 

Cash Flows from Operating Activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2021:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

March 31

 

$

49,273

 

 

$

(52,082)

 

 

$

(2,809)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2020:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

March 31

 

$

52,938

 

 

$

(60,151

)

 

$

(7,213

)

Cash flows from operating activities for the first quarters of 2021 and 2020 were negatively impacted by the timing of certain recurring key customer payments that were delayed and received subsequent to quarter-end, of approximately $26 million and $33 million for the first quarters of 2021 and 2020, respectively.  

Additionally, cash flows from operating activities for the first quarters of 2021 and 2020 reflect the impacts of the payment of the 2020 and 2019 year-end accrued employee incentive compensation in the first quarter subsequent to the year-end accrual for these items.  

We believe the above table illustrates our ability to generate recurring quarterly cash flows from our operations, and the importance of managing our working capital items.  Variations in our net cash provided by operating activities are generally related to the changes in our operating assets and liabilities (related mostly to fluctuations in timing at quarter-end of customer payments and changes in accrued expenses), and generally over longer periods of time, do not significantly impact our cash flows from operations.

19


Significant fluctuations in key operating assets and liabilities between 2021 and 2020 that impacted our cash flows from operating activities are as follows:

Billed Trade Accounts Receivable

Management of our billed accounts receivable is one of the primary factors in maintaining strong cash flows from operating activities.  Our billed trade accounts receivable balance includes significant billings for several non-revenue items (primarily postage, sales tax, and deferred revenue items).  As a result, we evaluate our performance in collecting our accounts receivable through our calculation of days billings outstanding (“DBO”) rather than a typical days sales outstanding (“DSO”) calculation.  

Our gross and net billed trade accounts receivable and related allowance for doubtful accounts receivable (“Allowance”) as of the end of the indicated quarterly periods, and the related DBOs for the quarters then ended, are as follows (in thousands, except DBOs):

 

Quarter Ended

 

Gross

 

 

Allowance

 

 

Net Billed

 

 

DBOs

 

2021:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

March 31

 

$

250,743

 

 

$

(3,718

)

 

$

247,025

 

 

70

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2020:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

March 31

 

$

264,601

 

 

$

(3,888

)

 

$

260,713

 

 

 

72

 

As of March 31, 2021 and 2020, approximately 97% and 95%, respectively, of our billed accounts receivable balance were less than 60 days past due.  

The higher than normal DBO metric for the first quarters of 2021 and 2020 can be directly attributed to the delay of certain recurring key customer payments, as noted above.  We may experience future adverse impacts to our DBOs if we experience payment delays. However, these recurring monthly payments that cross a reporting period-end do not raise any collectability concerns, as payment is generally received subsequent to quarter-end.  All other changes in our gross and net billed accounts receivable reflect the normal fluctuations in the timing of customer payments at quarter-end, as evidenced by our relatively consistent DBO metric.  

 

As a global provider of software and professional services, a portion of our accounts receivable balance relates to international customers. This diversity in the geographic composition of our customer base may adversely impact our DBOs as longer billing cycles (i.e., billing terms and cash collection cycles) are an inherent characteristic of international software and professional services transactions. For example, our ability to invoice and collect arrangement fees may be dependent upon, among other things: (i) the completion of various customer administrative matters, local country billing protocols and processes (including local cultural differences), and non-customer administrative matters; (ii) meeting certain contractual invoicing milestones; or (iii) the overall project status in certain situations in which we act as a subcontractor to another vendor on a project.

Accrued Employee Compensation

Accrued employee compensation decreased $15.2 million to $71.1 million as of March 31, 2021, from $86.3 million as of December 31, 2020, due primarily to the payment of the 2020 employee incentive compensation that was fully accrued at December 31, 2020, offset to a certain degree by the accrual for the 2021 employee incentive compensation.

Cash Flows from Investing Activities.  Our typical investing activities consist of purchases/sales of short-term investments and purchases of software, property and equipment, which are discussed below.  Additionally, during the first quarter of 2020 we acquired Tekzenit, Inc. for approximately $10 million, which is included in our cash flows from investing activities.

Purchases/Sales of Short-Term Investments  

For the first quarters of 2021 and 2020, we purchased $32.3 million and $16.0 million, respectively, and sold (or had mature) $29.3 million and $18.7 million, respectively, of short-term investments.  We continually evaluate the appropriate mix of our investment of excess cash balances between cash equivalents and short-term investments in order to maximize our investment returns and liquidity.

20


Software, Property and Equipment

Our capital expenditures for the first quarters of 2021 and 2020 for software, property and equipment were $8.2 million and $4.8 million, respectively, and consisted principally of investments in statement production equipment and computer hardware, software, and related equipment.

Cash Flows from Financing Activities.  Our financing activities typically consist of activities associated with our common stock and our long-term debt.  

Cash Dividends Paid on Common Stock

During the first quarters of 2021 and 2020, the Board approved dividends totaling $8.2 million and $7.7 million, respectively, and made dividend payments of $8.6 million and $8.3 million, respectively, through March 31, 2021 and 2020, with the differences attributed to dividends on unvested incentive shares that are paid upon vesting of those shares.

Repurchase of Common Stock  

During the first quarters of 2021 and 2020, we repurchased approximately 142,000 shares of our common stock, for both periods, under the guidelines of our Stock Repurchase Program for $6.5 million and $6.4 million, respectively, and paid $6.5 million and $6.3 million, respectively, through March 31, 2021 and 2020, with the differences attributed to the timing of share settlement.

Outside of our Stock Repurchase Program, during the first quarters of 2021 and 2020, we repurchased from our employees and then cancelled approximately 110,000 and 157,000 shares of our common stock, respectively, for $5.2 million and $7.6 million, respectively, in connection with minimum tax withholding requirements resulting from the vesting of restricted common stock under our stock incentive plans.

Long-term Debt

During the first quarters of 2021 and 2020, we made principal repayments of $2.8 million and $1.9 million, respectively. See Note 4 to our Financial Statements for additional discussion of our long-term debt.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

Our off-balance sheet arrangements are mainly limited to money transmitter bonds, bid bonds, and performance bonds.  These arrangements do not have a material impact and are not reasonably likely to have a material future impact to our financial condition, results of operation, liquidity, capital expenditures, or capital resources.  See Note 5 to our Financial Statements for additional information on these guarantees.

Capital Resources

The following are the key items to consider in assessing our sources and uses of capital resources:

Current Sources of Capital Resources.  Below are the key items to consider in assessing our current sources of capital resources:

 

Cash, Cash Equivalents and Short-term Investments.  As of March 31, 2021, we had cash, cash equivalents, and short-term investments of $205.1 million, of which approximately 69% is in U.S. dollars and held in the U.S.  We have $1.9 million of restricted cash, used primarily to collateralize outstanding letters of credit.  For the remainder of the monies denominated in foreign currencies and/or located outside the U.S., we do not anticipate any material amounts being unavailable for use in funding our business, but may face limitations on moving cash out of certain foreign jurisdictions due to currency controls and potential negative economic consequences.

 

Operating Cash Flows.  As described in the Liquidity section above, we believe we have the ability to generate strong cash flows to fund our operating activities and act as a source of funds for our capital resource needs.

 

Revolving Credit Facility.  We currently have a $200 million revolving loan facility, our 2018 Revolver.  As of March 31, 2021, we had no borrowing outstanding on our 2018 Revolver and had the entire $200 million available to us.  Our long-term debt obligations are discussed in more detail in Note 4 to our Financial Statements.

21


Uses/Potential Uses of Capital Resources. Below are the key items to consider in assessing our uses/potential uses of capital resources:

 

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Common Stock Repurchases.  We have made repurchases of our common stock in the past under our Stock Repurchase Program.  As of March 31, 2021, we had 4.2 million shares authorized for repurchase remaining under our Stock Repurchase Program.  Our 2018 Credit Agreement may place certain limitations on our ability to repurchase our common stock.

Under our Stock Repurchase Program, we may repurchase shares in the open market or in privately negotiated transactions, including through an accelerated stock repurchase plan or under a SEC Rule 10b5-1 plan.  The actual timing and amount of share repurchases are dependent on the current market conditions and other business-related factors.  Our common stock repurchases are discussed in more detail in Note 7 to our Financial Statements.

During the first quarter of 2021, we repurchased approximately 142,000 shares of our common stock for $6.5 million (weighted-average price of $45.94 per share).  

Outside of our Stock Repurchase Program, during the first quarter of 2021, we repurchased from our employees and then cancelled approximately 110,000 shares of our common stock for $5.2 million in connection with minimum tax withholding requirements resulting from the vesting of restricted common stock under our stock incentive plans.

 

Executive Transition. In August 2020, we entered into a Separation Agreement with our then President and CEO which includes a commitment to pay additional compensation of approximately $7 million, for which approximately $5 million will be paid in 2021 and approximately $2 million will be paid in 2022.

 

Cash Dividends.  During the first quarter of 2021, the Board declared dividends totaling $8.2 million.  Going forward, we expect to pay cash dividends each year in March, June, September, and December, with the amount and timing subject to the Board’s approval.

 

Acquisitions.  The 2018 Forte acquisition purchase agreement, as amended, includes provisions for $18.8 million of potential future earn-out payments over a measurement period through September 30, 2023.  The earn-out payments are tied to performance-based goals and continued employment by the eligible recipients.

The 2020 Tekzenit acquisition includes provisions for additional purchase price payments in the form of earn-out and qualified sales payments for up to $10 million over a measurement period through March 31, 2023.

As of March 31, 2021, we have made no earn-out or qualified sales payments for either of these acquisitions.  

As part of our growth strategy, we are continually evaluating potential business and/or asset acquisitions and investments in market share expansion with our existing and potential new customers and expansion into verticals outside the global communications market.

 

Capital Expenditures.  During the first quarter of 2021, we spent $8.2 million on capital expenditures.  As of March 31, 2021, we had committed to purchase $2.5 million of equipment.

 

Stock Warrants.  We have issued Stock Warrants with an exercise price of $26.68 per warrant to Comcast as an incentive for Comcast to convert new customer accounts to ACP.  Once vested, Comcast may exercise the Stock Warrants and elect either physical delivery of common shares or net share settlement (cashless exercise).  Alternatively, the exercise of the Stock Warrants may be settled with cash based solely on our approval, or if Comcast were to beneficially own or control in excess of 19.99% of the common stock or voting of the Company.  As of March 31, 2021, approximately 1.0 million Stock Warrants remain issued, none of which are vested.

The Stock Warrants are discussed in more detail in Note 7 to our Financial Statements.  

22


 

Long-Term Debt.  As of March 31, 2021, our long-term debt consisted of the following: (i) 2016 Convertible Notes with a par value of $230.0 million; and (ii) 2018 Credit Agreement with term loan borrowings of $123.8 million.  

2016 Convertible Notes

Our 2016 Convertible Notes will be convertible at the option of the note holders during the period from December 15, 2021 to the close of business on the day immediately preceding March 15, 2022, subject to an observation holding period of 40 days.  For notes presented during this time frame, the settlement amount will be equal to the sum of the daily settlement amounts for each of the following 40 consecutive trading days during the related observation period.  As a result, we have reclassified our 2016 Convertible Notes to a current liability in our Balance Sheet. If none of the notes are converted, called, or put, our debt service cash outlay during the next twelve months for the 2016 Convertible Notes will be $9.8 million of interest payments.

2018 Credit Agreement

Our 2018 Credit Agreement mandatory repayments and the cash interest expense (based upon current interest rates) for the next twelve months is $15.0 million, and $2.0 million, respectively. We have the ability to make prepayments on our 2018 Credit Agreement without penalty.  

Our long-term debt obligations are discussed in more detail in Note 4 to our Financial Statements.  

In summary, we expect to continue to have material needs for capital resources going forward, as noted above.  We believe that our current cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments balances and our 2018 Revolver, together with cash expected to be generated in the future from our current operating activities, will be sufficient to meet our anticipated capital resource requirements for at least the next twelve months.  We also believe we could obtain additional capital through other debt sources which may be available to us if deemed appropriate.

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

Market risk is the potential loss arising from adverse changes in market rates and prices.  As of March 31, 2021, we are exposed to various market risks, including changes in interest rates, fluctuations and changes in the market value of our cash equivalents and short-term investments, and changes in foreign currency exchange rates.  We have not historically entered into derivatives or other financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes.

Interest Rate Risk

Long-Term Debt.  The interest rate on our 2016 Convertible Notes is fixed, and thus, as it relates to our convertible debt borrowings, we are not exposed to changes in interest rates.

The interest rates on our 2018 Credit Agreement are based upon an adjusted LIBOR rate plus an applicable margin, or an alternate base rate plus an applicable margin.  See Note 4 to our Financial Statements for further details of our long-term debt.

A hypothetical adverse change of 10% in the March 31, 2021 adjusted LIBOR rate would not have had a material impact upon our results of operations.

Market Risk

Cash Equivalents and Short-term Investments.  Our cash and cash equivalents as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 were $150.6 million and $188.7 million, respectively.  Certain of our cash balances are “swept” into overnight money market accounts on a daily basis, and at times, any excess funds are invested in low-risk, somewhat longer term, cash equivalent instruments and short-term investments.  Our cash equivalents are invested primarily in institutional money market funds, commercial paper, and time deposits held at major banks.  We have minimal market risk for our cash and cash equivalents due to the relatively short maturities of the instruments.

Our short-term investments as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 were $54.5 million and $51.6 million, respectively.  Currently, we utilize short-term investments as a means to invest our excess cash only in the U.S.  The day-to-day management of our short-term investments is performed by a large financial institution in the U.S., using strict and formal investment guidelines approved by our Board.  Under these guidelines, short-term investments are limited to certain acceptable investments with: (i) a maximum maturity; (ii) a maximum concentration and diversification; and (iii) a minimum acceptable credit quality.  At this time, we believe we have minimal liquidity risk associated with the short-term investments included in our portfolio.

23


Settlement Assets.  We are exposed to market risk associated with cash held on behalf of our customers related to our payment processing services.  As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, we had $108.6 million and $149.8 million, respectively, of cash collected on behalf of our customers which is held for an established holding period until settlement with the customer.  The holding period is generally one to four business days depending on the payment model and contractual terms with the customer.  During the holding period, cash is held in accounts with various major financial institutions in the U.S. in an amount equal to at least 100% of the aggregate amount owed to our customers.  These balances can significantly fluctuate between periods due to activity at the end of the period and the day in which the period ends.

Long-Term Debt.  The fair value of our convertible debt is exposed to market risk.  We do not carry our convertible debt at fair value but present the fair value for disclosure purposes (see Note 2 to our Financial Statements).  Generally, the fair value of our convertible debt is impacted by changes in interest rates and changes in the price and volatility of our common stock.  As of March 31, 2021, the fair value of the 2016 Convertible Notes was estimated at $243.5 million, using quoted market prices.  

Foreign Currency Exchange Rate Risk

Due to foreign operations around the world, our balance sheet and income statement are exposed to foreign currency exchange risk due to the fluctuations in the value of currencies in which we conduct business.  While we attempt to maximize natural hedges by incurring expenses in the same currency in which we contract revenue, the related expenses for that revenue could be in one or more differing currencies than the revenue stream.

During the first quarter of 2021, we generated approximately 88% of our revenue in U.S. dollars.  We expect that, in the foreseeable future, we will continue to generate a very large percentage of our revenue in U.S. dollars.

As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the carrying amounts of our monetary assets and monetary liabilities on the books of our non-U.S. subsidiaries in currencies denominated in a currency other than the functional currency of those non-U.S. subsidiaries are as follows (in thousands, in U.S. dollar equivalents):

 

 

 

March 31,

2021

 

 

December 31,

2020

 

 

 

Monetary

 

 

Monetary

 

 

Monetary

 

 

Monetary

 

 

 

Liabilities

 

 

Assets

 

 

Liabilities

 

 

Assets

 

Pounds sterling

 

$

-

 

 

$

1,935

 

 

$

(148

)

 

$

1,673

 

Euro

 

 

(285

)

 

 

7,831

 

 

 

(288

)

 

 

7,734

 

U.S. Dollar

 

 

(2,357

)

 

 

29,303

 

 

 

(292

)

 

 

24,445

 

South African Rand

 

 

(33

)

 

 

4,302

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

4,809

 

Other

 

 

(32

)

 

 

1,016

 

 

 

(6

)

 

 

1,071

 

Totals

 

$

(2,707

)

 

$

44,387

 

 

$

(734

)

 

$

39,732

 

A hypothetical adverse change of 10% in the March 31, 2021 exchange rates would not have had a material impact upon our results of operations based on the monetary assets and liabilities as of March 31, 2021.

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

(a) Disclosure Controls and Procedures

As required by Rule 13a-15(b), our management, including the Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”) and Chief Financial Officer (“CFO”), conducted an evaluation as of the end of the period covered by this report of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as defined in Rule 13a-15(e).  Based on that evaluation, the CEO and CFO concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of the end of the period covered by this report.

(b) Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

As required by Rule 13a-15(d), our management, including the CEO and CFO, also conducted an evaluation of our internal control over financial reporting, as defined by Rule 13a-15(f), to determine whether any changes occurred during the quarter covered by this report that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.  Based on that evaluation, the CEO and CFO concluded that there has been no such change during the quarter covered by this report.  

 


24


 

CSG SYSTEMS INTERNATIONAL, INC.

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

From time-to-time, we are involved in litigation relating to claims arising out of our operations in the normal course of business.  We are not presently a party to any material pending or threatened legal proceedings.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

A discussion of our risk factors can be found in Item 1A.  Risk Factors in our 2020 Form 10-K.  There were no material changes to the risk factors disclosed in our 2020 Form 10-K during the first quarter of 2021.  

 

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

The following table presents information with respect to purchases of our common stock made during the first quarter of 2021 by CSG Systems International, Inc. or any “affiliated purchaser” of CSG Systems International, Inc., as defined in Rule 10b-18(a)(3) under the Exchange Act.

 

Period

 

Total

Number of Shares

Purchased (1) (2)

 

 

Average

Price Paid

Per Share

 

 

Total Number of

Shares Purchased as

Part of Publicly

Announced Plans or

Programs (2)

 

 

Maximum Number

(or Approximate

Dollar Value) of

Shares that May

Yet Be Purchased

Under the Plan or

Programs (2)

 

January 1 - January 31

 

 

54,911

 

 

$

44.68

 

 

 

53,900

 

 

 

4,283,217

 

February 1 - February 28

 

 

87,732

 

 

 

46.22

 

 

 

38,700

 

 

 

4,244,517

 

March 1 - March 31

 

 

109,044

 

 

 

47.97

 

 

 

49,300

 

 

 

4,195,217

 

Total

 

 

251,687

 

 

$

46.64

 

 

 

141,900

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1)

The total number of shares purchased that are not part of the Stock Repurchase Program represents shares purchased and cancelled in connection with stock incentive plans.

 

(2)

See Note 7 to our Financial Statements for additional information regarding our share repurchases.

 

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities

None

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

None

 

Item 5. Other Information

None

 

Item 6. Exhibits

The Exhibits filed or incorporated by reference herewith are as specified in the Exhibit Index.

 

 

 

 

25


 

CSG SYSTEMS INTERNATIONAL, INC.

INDEX TO EXHIBITS

 

Exhibit
Number

 

Description

 

 

 

10.26AP*

Forty-Eighth Amendment to Consolidated CSG Master Subscriber Management System Agreement between CSG Systems, Inc. and Charter Communications Operating, LLC

10.26AQ*

Forty-Ninth Amendment to Consolidated CSG Master Subscriber Management System Agreement between CSG Systems, Inc. and Charter Communications Operating, LLC

10.26AR*

Fiftieth Amendment to Consolidated CSG Master Subscriber Management System Agreement between CSG Systems, Inc. and Charter Communications Operating, LLC

10.27D*

Third Amendment to the CSG Master Subscriber Management System Agreement between CSG Systems, Inc. and Comcast Cable Communications Management, LLC

31.01

Certification Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

31.02

Certification Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

32.01

Certification Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

101.INS

Inline XBRL Instance Document – the instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document

101.SCH

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document

101.CAL

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document

101.DEF

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document

101.LAB

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document

101.PRE

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

104

Cover Page Interactive Data File (embedded within the Inline XBRL document)  

 

*

Portions of the exhibit have been omitted pursuant to SEC rules regarding confidential information.  

 

 


26


 

SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

Dated: May 6, 2021

 

CSG SYSTEMS INTERNATIONAL, INC.

 

/s/ Brian A. Shepherd

Brian A. Shepherd

President and Chief Executive Officer

(Principal Executive Officer)

 

/s/ Rolland B. Johns

Rolland B. Johns

Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

(Principal Financial Officer)

 

/s/ David N. Schaaf

David N. Schaaf

Chief Accounting Officer

(Principal Accounting Officer)

 

 

27