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KVH Industries (KVHI)

Filed: 10 May 22, 5:23pm
0001007587us-gaap:AccumulatedTranslationAdjustmentMember2021-12-31

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended: March 31, 2022
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from              to             
Commission File Number 0-28082
KVH Industries, Inc.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)
Delaware05-0420589
(State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation or Organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification Number)
50 Enterprise Center, Middletown, RI 02842
(Address of Principal Executive Offices) (Zip Code)
(401) 847-3327
(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of Each ClassTrading Symbol(s)Name of Each Exchange on which Registered
The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC
Common Stock, par value $0.01 per shareKVHI(NASDAQ Global Select Market)


Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes    No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes     No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
DateClassOutstanding shares
May 6, 2022Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share18,894,247




KVH INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Form 10-Q
INDEX
  Page No.
ITEM 1.
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2022 (unaudited) and December 31, 2021
Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 (unaudited)
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 (unaudited)
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Equity for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 (unaudited)
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 (unaudited)
ITEM 2.
ITEM 4.
ITEM 1.
ITEM 6.
 
2



PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1.    Financial Statements
KVH INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)
March 31, 2022December 31, 2021
ASSETS(unaudited)
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$8,036 $11,376 
Marketable securities8,649 13,147 
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $1,374 and $1,636 as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively34,286 33,648 
Inventories, net25,665 24,640 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets4,251 3,789 
Current contract assets1,264 1,230 
Total current assets82,151 87,830 
Property and equipment, net60,601 60,114 
Intangible assets, net1,083 1,287 
Goodwill6,509 6,570 
Right of use assets2,441 3,055 
Other non-current assets6,120 6,778 
Non-current contract assets3,126 3,104 
Deferred income tax asset56 56 
Total assets$162,087 $168,794 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable$10,910 $11,265 
Accrued compensation and employee-related expenses5,935 7,053 
Accrued other6,552 7,892 
Accrued product warranty costs1,286 1,179 
Contract liabilities4,596 3,989 
Current operating lease liability1,571 1,912 
Liability for uncertain tax positions608 592 
Total current liabilities31,458 33,882 
Other long-term liabilities30 
Long-term operating lease liability941 1,224 
Long-term contract liabilities4,435 4,466 
Deferred income tax liability210 215 
Total liabilities$37,052 $39,817 
Commitments and contingencies (Notes 2, 10, 12, and 17)00
Stockholders’ equity:
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value. Authorized 1,000,000 shares; none issued— — 
Common stock, $0.01 par value. Authorized 30,000,000 shares; 20,327,966 and 20,342,695 shares issued at March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively; and 18,895,272 and 18,910,001 shares outstanding at March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively203 203 
Additional paid-in capital157,142 156,199 
Accumulated deficit(16,857)(12,165)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(3,602)(3,409)
136,886 140,828 
Less: treasury stock at cost, common stock, 1,432,694 shares as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021(11,851)(11,851)
Total stockholders’ equity125,035 128,977 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$162,087 $168,794 
See accompanying Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements.
3


KVH INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(in thousands, except earnings per share amounts, unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 20222021
Sales:
Product$14,370 $18,432 
Service26,724 23,860 
Net sales41,094 42,292 
Costs and expenses:
Costs of product sales10,729 11,220 
Costs of service sales14,992 15,423 
Research and development4,649 4,567 
Sales, marketing and support8,357 7,546 
General and administrative7,075 7,143 
Total costs and expenses45,802 45,899 
Loss from operations(4,708)(3,607)
Interest income208 233 
Interest expense18 
Other income (expense), net138 (789)
Loss before income tax expense (benefit)(4,363)(4,181)
Income tax expense (benefit)329 (153)
Net loss$(4,692)$(4,028)
Net loss per common share
Basic$(0.25)$(0.22)
Diluted$(0.25)$(0.22)
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding:
Basic18,449 17,938 
Diluted18,449 17,938 


See accompanying Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements.
4


KVH INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
(in thousands, unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended
 March 31,
 20222021
Net loss$(4,692)$(4,028)
Other comprehensive (loss) income, net of tax:
Foreign currency translation adjustment(193)223 
Other comprehensive (loss) income, net of tax(1)
(193)223 
Total comprehensive loss$(4,885)$(3,805)
(1) Tax impact was nominal for all periods.

See accompanying Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements.
5


KVH INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
(in thousands, unaudited)

 Common StockAdditional
Paid-in
Capital

Accumulated Deficit
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
Treasury StockTotal
Stockholders’
Equity
 SharesAmountSharesAmount
Balance at December 31, 202120,343 $203 $156,199 $(12,165)$(3,409)(1,433)$(11,851)$128,977 
Net loss— — — (4,692)— — — (4,692)
Other comprehensive loss— — — — (193)— — (193)
Stock-based compensation— — 881 — — — — 881 
Issuance of common stock under employee stock purchase plan22 — 193 — — — — 193 
Exercise of stock options and issuance of restricted stock awards, net of forfeitures(37)— — — — — — — 
Taxes accrued for net share settlement of options— — (131)— — — — (131)
Balance at March 31, 202220,328 $203 $157,142 $(16,857)$(3,602)(1,433)$(11,851)$125,035 
 Common StockAdditional
Paid-in
Capital
Accumulated DeficitAccumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
Treasury StockTotal
Stockholders’
Equity
 SharesAmountSharesAmount
Balance at December 31, 202019,863 $199 $149,170 $(2,402)$(3,232)(1,433)$(11,851)$131,884 
Net loss— — — (4,028)— — — (4,028)
Other comprehensive income— — — — 223 — — 223 
Stock-based compensation— — 932 — — — — 932 
Exercise of stock options and issuance of restricted stock awards, net of forfeitures302 1,555 — — — — 1,558 
Balance at March 31, 202120,165 $202 $151,657 $(6,430)$(3,009)(1,433)$(11,851)$130,569 

See accompanying Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements.
6


KVH INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in thousands, unaudited) 
Three Months Ended
 March 31,
 20222021
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net loss$(4,692)$(4,028)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash (used in) provided by operating activities:
Provision for doubtful accounts120 130 
Depreciation and amortization3,567 3,350 
Deferred income taxes(5)— 
Loss on disposals of fixed assets151 452 
Compensation expense related to stock-based awards and employee stock purchase plan881 932 
Unrealized currency translation (gain) loss(50)195 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable(792)3,537 
Inventories(1,026)1,901 
Prepaid expenses, other current assets, and current contract assets(520)(739)
Other non-current assets and non-current contract assets626 930 
Accounts payable(7)(3,219)
Contract liabilities and long-term contract liabilities604 (613)
Accrued compensation, product warranty and other(2,370)2,169 
Other long-term liabilities— 
Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities$(3,513)$4,998 
Cash flows from investing activities:
Capital expenditures(4,372)(5,164)
Cash paid for acquisition of intangible asset(14)(16)
Proceeds from sale of fixed assets— 100 
Purchases of marketable securities(1)(2)
Maturities and sales of marketable securities4,500 — 
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities$113 $(5,082)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Proceeds from stock options exercised and employee stock purchase plan183 1,566 
Payment of finance lease(66)(96)
Net cash provided by financing activities$117 $1,470 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents(57)
Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents(3,340)1,391 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period11,376 12,578 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period$8,036 $13,969 
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing and financing activities:
Changes in accrued other and accounts payable related to property and equipment additions$46 $175 
Taxes accrued for net share settlement of options$131 $— 
See accompanying Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements.
7


KVH INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Consolidated Interim Financial Statements
(Unaudited, all amounts in thousands except per share amounts)

(1)    Description of Business

KVH Industries, Inc. (together with its subsidiaries, the Company or KVH) designs, develops, manufactures and markets mobile connectivity products and services for the marine and land markets, and inertial navigation products for both the commercial and defense markets. KVH's reporting segments are as follows:

the mobile connectivity segment and
the inertial navigation segment.

KVH’s mobile connectivity products enable customers to receive voice and Internet services, and live digital television via satellite services in marine vessels, recreational vehicles, buses and automobiles. KVH sells its mobile connectivity products through an extensive international network of dealers and distributors. KVH also sells and leases products to service providers and directly to end users.

KVH’s mobile connectivity service sales represent primarily sales earned from satellite voice and Internet airtime services. KVH provides, for monthly fixed and usage fees, satellite connectivity services, including broadband Internet, data and Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) services, to its TracPhone V-series customers. AgilePlans, a mini-VSAT Broadband service offering, is a monthly subscription model providing global connectivity to commercial maritime customers, including hardware, installation, broadband Internet, VoIP, entertainment and training content and global support for a monthly fee with no minimum commitment. KVH offers AgilePlans customers a variety of airtime data plans with varying data speeds and fixed data usage levels with overage charges per megabyte, which is similar to the plans that the Company offers to its other customers. The Company recognizes the monthly subscription fee as service revenue over the service delivery period. The Company retains ownership of the hardware that it provides to AgilePlans customers, who must return the hardware to KVH if they decide to terminate the service. Because KVH does not sell the hardware under AgilePlans, the Company does not recognize any product revenue when the hardware is deployed to an AgilePlans customer. KVH records the cost of the hardware used by AgilePlans customers as revenue-generating assets and depreciates the cost over an estimated useful life of five years. Since the Company is retaining ownership of the hardware, it does not accrue any warranty costs for AgilePlans hardware; however, any maintenance costs on the hardware are expensed in the period these costs are incurred.

Mobile connectivity service sales also include the distribution of commercially licensed entertainment, including news, sports, music, and movies to commercial and leisure customers in the maritime, hotel, and retail markets through the KVH Media Group. KVH also earns monthly usage fees from third-party satellite connectivity services, including voice, data and Internet services, provided to its Inmarsat and Iridium customers who choose to activate their subscriptions with KVH. Mobile connectivity service sales also include engineering services provided under development contracts, sales from product repairs, and extended warranty sales.

KVH's inertial navigation products offer precision fiber optic gyro (FOG)-based systems that enable platform and optical stabilization, navigation, pointing and guidance. KVH’s inertial navigation products also include tactical navigation systems that provide uninterrupted access to navigation and pointing information in a variety of military vehicles, including tactical trucks and light armored vehicles. KVH’s inertial navigation products are sold directly to U.S. and foreign governments and government contractors, as well as through an international network of authorized independent sales representatives. In addition, KVH's inertial navigation technology is used in numerous commercial products, such as navigation and positioning systems for various applications including autonomous platforms, precision mapping, dynamic surveying, train location control and track geometry measurement systems, industrial robotics and optical stabilization.

KVH’s inertial navigation service sales include product repairs, engineering services provided under development contracts and extended warranty sales.

8


(2)     Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying consolidated interim financial statements of KVH Industries, Inc. and its wholly owned subsidiaries have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. The Company has evaluated all subsequent events through the date of this filing. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

The consolidated interim financial statements have not been audited by the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm and include all adjustments (consisting of only normal recurring adjustments) which are, in the opinion of management, necessary for a fair presentation of the financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows for the periods presented. These consolidated interim financial statements do not include all disclosures associated with annual financial statements and accordingly should be read in conjunction with the Company’s consolidated financial statements and related notes included in the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021 filed on March 11, 2022 with the Securities and Exchange Commission. The results for the three months ended March 31, 2022 are not necessarily indicative of operating results for the remainder of the year.

Significant Estimates and Assumptions and Other Significant Non-Recurring Transactions

The preparation of interim financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities as of the date of the interim financial statements and the reported amounts of sales and expenses during the reporting periods. As described in the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K, the estimates and assumptions used by management affect the Company’s revenue recognition, valuation of accounts receivable, valuation of inventory, expected future cash flows including growth rates, discount rates, terminal values and other assumptions and estimates used to evaluate the recoverability of long-lived assets and goodwill, estimated fair values of long-lived assets, including goodwill, amortization methods and periods, certain accrued expenses and other related charges, stock-based compensation, contingent liabilities, forfeitures and key valuation assumptions for its share-based awards, estimated fulfillment costs for warranty obligations, tax reserves and recoverability of the Company’s net deferred tax assets and related valuation allowance, and the valuation of right-of-use assets and lease liabilities.

Although the Company regularly assesses these estimates, actual results could differ materially from these estimates. Changes in estimates are recorded in the period in which they become known. The Company bases its estimates on historical experience and various other assumptions that it believes to be reasonable under the circumstances.

On March 7, 2022, the Company announced that its President and Chief Executive Officer, Martin Kits van Heyningen, was retiring from his executive and Board roles after more than 40 years of service and assuming a consulting position with the Company. Brent C. Bruun, its Chief Operating Officer, has been appointed as our interim President and Chief Executive Officer. For the three months ended March 31, 2022, the Company accrued approximately $539 in consulting fess associated with a maximum of 50 hours of transition services through March 2023, which will be paid to Mr. Kits van Heyningen over the next 12 months. The associated expense is included in general and administrative expenses in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations. In addition, the Company agreed to a separation payment of $201, which was inclusive of any amount which he may have otherwise earned under the executive bonus plan for 2021. This amount is still accrued as of March 31, 2022. There were also modifications to Mr. Kits van Heyningen's stock option and restricted stock awards. Please see Note 5 for further discussion.

In March 2022, the Company also restructured its operations to reduce costs and better pursue a more focused strategy. The Company reduced its workforce by approximately 10% and expects reduced expenses from these actions beginning in the second quarter of 2022. For the three months ended March 31, 2022, the Company incurred $1,392 in severance and health insurance costs and $327 in legal and advisory fees, of which $913 was paid as of March 31, 2022. The combined expense of $1,719 was included in the financial statement line items of the accompanying consolidated statements of operations as follows: costs of product sales of $16, costs of service sales of $55, research and development of $387, sales, marketing and support of $797, and general and administrative expenses of $464. We expect to incur an additional $467 in severance payments for employees which have a severance date of June 30, 2022. There were also modifications to impacted employee's stock option and restricted stock awards. Please see Note 5 for further discussion.

9


(3)     Accounting Standards Issued and Not Yet Adopted

ASC Update No. 2016-13, ASC Update No. 2018-19, ASC Update No. 2019-04, ASC Update No. 2019-05, ASC Update No. 2019-10, ASC Update No. 2019-11, ASC Update No. 2020-02, and ASC Update No. 2022-02

In June 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board, or FASB, issued Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) Update No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments. The purpose of Update No. 2016-13 is to replace the incurred loss impairment methodology for financial assets measured at amortized cost with a methodology that reflects expected credit losses and requires consideration of a broader range of reasonable and supportable information, including forecasted information, to develop credit loss estimates.

In November 2018, the FASB issued ASC Update No. 2018-19, Codification Improvements to Topic 326, Financial Instruments—Credit Losses. This update introduced an expected credit loss methodology for the impairment of financial assets measured at amortized cost. The amendment also clarifies that receivables arising from operating leases are not within the scope of Subtopic 326-20. Instead, impairment of receivables arising from operating leases should be accounted for in accordance with Topic 842, Leases.

In May 2019, the FASB issued ASC Update No. 2019-04, Codification Improvements to Topic 326, Financial Instruments—Credit Losses, Topic 815, Derivatives and Hedging, and Topic 825, Financial Instruments. This update introduced clarifications of the Board’s intent with respect to accrued interest, the transfer between classifications or categories for loans and debt securities, recoveries, reinsurance recoverables, projects of interest rate environments for variable-rate financial instruments, costs to sell when foreclosure is probable, consideration of expected prepayments when determining the effective interest rate, vintage disclosures, and extension and renewal options.

In May 2019, the FASB issued ASC Update No. 2019-05, Financial Instruments—Credit Losses (Topic 326): Targeted Transition Relief. The amendments in the update ease the transition for entities adopting ASC Update 2016-13 and increase the comparability of financial statement information. With the exception of held-to-maturity debt securities, the amendments allow entities to irrevocably elect to apply the fair value option to financial instruments that were previously recorded at amortized cost basis within the scope of Subtopic 326-20, Financial Instruments—Credit Losses—Measured at Amortized Cost.

In November 2019, the FASB issued ASC Update No. 2019-10, Financial Instruments—Credit Losses (Topic 326), Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815), and Leases (Topic 842): Effective Dates. The amendments in this update change some effective dates for certain new accounting standards including those pertaining to Topic 326 discussed above, for certain types of entities.

In November 2019, the FASB issued ASC Update No. 2019-11, Codification Improvements to Topic 326, Financial Instruments—Credit Losses (Topic 326). The update is effective for entities that have adopted ASU 2016-13. The purpose of Update No. 2019-11 is to clarify the scope of the recovery guidance to purchased financial assets with credit deterioration.

In February 2020, the FASB issued ASC Update No. 2020-02, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326) and
Leases (Topic 842). The purpose of Update No. 2020-02 is to clarify the scope and interpretation of the standard.

In March 2022, the FASB issued ASC update 2022-02, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326) – Troubled Debt Restructurings and Vintage Disclosures. The vintage disclosure portion of this guidance is applicable to the Company, which requires that an entity disclose current-period gross write-offs by year of origination for financing receivables and net investment in leases within the scope of Subtopic 326-20. Gross write-off information must included the amortized cost basis of financing receivables by credit-quality indicator and class of financing receivable by year of origination.

As a smaller reporting company the effective date for Topic 326 will be the fiscal year beginning after December 15, 2022. The adoption of Update Nos. 2016-13, 2018-19, 2019-04, 2019-05, 2019-10, 2019-11, 2020-20 and 2022-02 is not expected to have a material impact on the Company's financial position or results of operations.

There are no other recent accounting pronouncements issued by the FASB that the Company expects would have a material impact on the Company's financial statements.

10


(4)    Marketable Securities

Marketable securities as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021 consisted of the following:
March 31, 2022Amortized
Cost
Gross
Unrealized
Gains
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
Fair
Value
Money market mutual funds$8,649 $— $— $8,649 
Total marketable securities designated as available-for-sale$8,649 $— $— $8,649 
 
December 31, 2021Amortized
Cost
Gross
Unrealized
Gains
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
Fair
Value
Money market mutual funds$13,147 $— $— $13,147 
Total marketable securities designated as available-for-sale$13,147 $— $— $13,147 

Interest income from marketable securities was $1 and $2 during the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.

(5)     Stockholder's Equity
(a) Stock Equity and Incentive Plan
The Company recognizes stock-based compensation in accordance with the provisions of ASC Topic 718, Compensation-Stock Compensation. Stock-based compensation expense was $859 and $924, excluding $22 and $8 of compensation charges related to our Amended and Restated 1996 Employee Stock Purchase Plan, or the ESPP, for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. As of March 31, 2022, there was $2,713 of total unrecognized compensation expense related to stock options, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 2.12 years. As of March 31, 2022, there was $2,756 of total unrecognized compensation expense related to restricted stock awards, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 1.99 years.

Stock Options

During the three months ended March 31, 2022, upon the net exercise of 230 stock options, the Company issued 23 shares of common stock, 14 shares were surrendered to the Company to satisfy minimum tax withholding obligations, and 193 shares were cancelled. Additionally, during the three months ended March 31, 2022, no stock options were granted and 170 stock options expired, were canceled or were forfeited. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, 496 stock options were granted. The Company has estimated the fair value of each option grant on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model. The weighted average assumptions utilized to determine the fair value of options granted during the three months ended March 31, 2021 are as follows:
Three Months Ended March 31,
 2021
Risk-free interest rate0.92 %
Expected volatility44.98 %
Expected life (in years)4.28
Dividend yield%

During the three months ended March 31, 2022, there were accelerated vesting and extended exercised term modifications of stock options as it related to the retirement of Mr. Kits van Heyningen, which resulted in a reduction of approximately $85 in compensation cost. During the three months ended March 31, 2022, there were accelerated vesting term modifications of stock options for employees terminated as part of the Company's restructuring, which resulted in a reduction of approximately $81 in compensation cost.

As of March 31, 2022, there were 1,727 options outstanding with a weighted average exercise price of $10.23 per share and 771 options exercisable with a weighted average exercise price of $10.36 per share.

11


Restricted Stock

During the three months ended March 31, 2022, no shares of restricted stock were granted and 60 shares of restricted stock were forfeited. Additionally, during the three months ended March 31, 2022, 68 shares of restricted stock vested, of which no shares of common stock were surrendered to the Company as payment by employees in lieu of cash to satisfy minimum tax withholding obligations in connection with the vesting of restricted stock.
As of March 31, 2022, there were 362 shares of restricted stock outstanding that were still subject to service-based vesting conditions. During the three months ended March 31, 2022, there were accelerated vesting term modifications of restricted stock as it related to the retirement of Mr. Kits van Heyningen, which resulted in an acceleration in compensation expense of approximately $186. During the three months ended March 31, 2022, there were accelerated vesting term modifications of restricted stock for employees terminated as part of the Company's restructuring, which resulted in an acceleration in compensation expense of approximately $57.

As of March 31, 2022, the Company had no unvested outstanding options and no outstanding shares of restricted stock that were subject to performance-based or market-based vesting conditions.

(b) Employee Stock Purchase Plan

The Company's ESPP affords eligible employees the right to purchase common stock, via payroll deductions, through various offering periods at a purchase price equal to 85% of the fair market value of the common stock on the first or last day of the offering period, whichever is lower. During the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, 22 and 0 shares were issued under the ESPP plan, respectively. The Company recorded compensation charges related to the ESPP of $22 and $8 for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.

(c) Stock-Based Compensation Expense
The following table presents stock-based compensation expense, including under the ESPP, in the Company's consolidated statements of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021:

Three Months Ended March 31,
20222021
Cost of product sales$74 $46 
Cost of service sales
Research and development141 156 
Sales, marketing and support186 190 
General and administrative478 538 
$881 $932 

(d) Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss (AOCI)

Comprehensive loss includes net loss and unrealized gains and losses from foreign currency translation. The components of the Company’s comprehensive loss and the effect on earnings for the periods presented are detailed in the accompanying consolidated statements of comprehensive loss.

The balances for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 are as follows:
Foreign Currency TranslationTotal Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
Balance, December 31, 2021$(3,409)$(3,409)
Other comprehensive loss(193)(193)
Net other comprehensive loss(193)(193)
Balance, March 31, 2022$(3,602)$(3,602)
12


Foreign Currency TranslationTotal Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
Balance, December 31, 2020$(3,232)$(3,232)
Other comprehensive income223 223 
Net other comprehensive income223 223 
Balance, March 31, 2021$(3,009)$(3,009)
 
(6)     Net Loss per Common Share

    Basic net loss per share is calculated based on the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted net income per share incorporates the dilutive effect of common stock equivalent options, warrants and other convertible securities, if any, as determined with the treasury stock accounting method. For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, since there was a net loss, the Company excluded all 1,861 and 520, respectively, in outstanding stock options and non-vested restricted shares from its diluted loss per share calculation, as inclusion of these securities would have reduced the net loss per share.

A reconciliation of the basic and diluted weighted average common shares outstanding is as follows:
 
Three Months Ended
 March 31,
 20222021
Weighted average common shares outstanding—basic18,449 17,938 
Dilutive common shares issuable in connection with stock plans— — 
Weighted average common shares outstanding—diluted18,449 17,938 

(7)     Inventories

Inventories, net are stated at the lower of cost and net realizable value using the first-in first-out costing method. Inventories as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021 include the costs of material, labor, and factory overhead. Components of inventories consist of the following:
March 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
Raw materials$15,831 $15,772 
Work in process4,481 4,035 
Finished goods5,353 4,833 
$25,665 $24,640 


13


(8)     Property and Equipment

Property and equipment, net, as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021 consist of the following:
March 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
Land$3,828 $3,828 
Building and improvements24,271 24,271 
Leasehold improvements471 472 
Machinery and equipment16,947 16,790 
Revenue-generating assets66,109 63,587 
Office and computer equipment15,976 15,395 
Motor vehicles31 31 
127,633 124,374 
Less accumulated depreciation(67,032)(64,260)
$60,601 $60,114 

Depreciation expense was $3,373 and $3,074 for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.

Certain revenue-generating hardware assets are utilized by the Company in the delivery of the Company's airtime services, media and other content.

(9)     Product Warranty

The Company’s products carry standard limited warranties that range from one to two years and vary by product. The warranty period begins on the date of retail purchase or lease by the original purchaser. The Company accrues estimated product warranty costs at the time of sale and any additional amounts are recorded when such costs are probable and can be reasonably estimated. Factors that affect the Company’s warranty liability include the number of units sold or leased, historical and anticipated rates of warranty repairs and the cost per repair. Warranty and related costs are reflected within sales, marketing and support in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations. As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the Company had accrued product warranty costs of $1,286 and $1,179, respectively.

The following table summarizes product warranty activity during 2022 and 2021:
 
Three Months Ended
 March 31,
 20222021
Beginning balance$1,179 $1,812 
Charges to expense279 61 
Costs incurred(172)(239)
Ending balance$1,286 $1,634 

14


(10)     Debt
Paycheck Protection Program Loan

In May 2020, the Company received a $6,927 loan (the PPP Loan) from Bank of America, N.A., (the Lender) under the Paycheck Protection Program (PPP), which was established under the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (as modified by the Paycheck Protection Flexibility Act of 2020, the CARES Act) and is administered by the U.S. Small Business Administration (the SBA).

The term of the PPP Loan was two years from the funding date, and the interest rate was 1.00%. Interest on the loan accrued from the funding date, but was deferred. In August 2021, the Company applied for forgiveness of the full amount of the PPP Loan. On September 24, 2021, the Company received notification from the Lender that, on September 19, 2021, the SBA had determined that the PPP Loan forgiveness application was approved, and the PPP Loan, including all accrued interest thereon, was paid in full by the SBA.

Line of Credit

Effective October 30, 2018, the Company entered into an amended and restated three-year senior secured credit facility agreement (the 2018 Credit Agreement) with Bank of America, N.A., as Administrative Agent, and the lenders named from time to time as parties thereto (the 2018 Lenders), which included a reducing revolving credit facility (the 2018 Revolver) of up to $20,000 initially and reducing to $15,000 on December 31, 2019, to be used for general corporate purposes. The Company's obligations under the 2018 Credit Agreement are secured by substantially all of its assets and the pledge of equity interests in certain of its subsidiaries. As of March 31, 2022, no amounts were outstanding under the 2018 Revolver.

Borrowings under the 2018 Revolver are subject to the satisfaction of various conditions precedent at the time of each borrowing, including the continued accuracy of the Company’s representations and warranties and the absence of any default under the 2018 Credit Agreement. As of March 31, 2022, the Company was only able to drawn on $12,400 of the $15,000 facility due to covenant restrictions.

The 2018 Credit Agreement contained 2 financial covenants, a maximum Consolidated Leverage Ratio and a minimum Consolidated Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio, each as defined in the 2018 Credit Agreement. The Consolidated Leverage Ratio could not exceed 2.50:1.00 through December 31, 2020 and may not exceed 2.00:1.00 after December 31, 2020. The Consolidated Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio may not be less than 1.25:1.00.

On July 30, 2020, the Company amended the 2018 Credit Agreement to reflect the incurrence of the PPP Loan. Under the amended facility, the principal and interest on the PPP Loan were not included in the maximum Consolidated Leverage Ratio or the minimum Consolidated Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio calculations except as to any portion of the PPP Loan that is not ultimately forgiven. In September 2021, the PPP Loan was forgiven in full.

On October 29, 2021, the Company amended the 2018 Credit Agreement to maintain the $15,000 2018 Revolver, extend the maturity date of the 2018 Revolver to October 28, 2022, eliminate the Consolidated Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio financial covenant, add a minimum trailing four-quarter Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA financial covenant of $3,000, modify the definition of Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA, modify the interest rate margins and certain lender fees, and transition the interest rate provisions based on LIBOR to the Bloomberg Short Term Bank Yield Index. In addition, Bank of America became the sole lender under the 2018 Credit Agreement. The Company was in compliance with these financial covenants as of March 31, 2022.

The 2018 Credit Agreement imposes certain other affirmative and negative covenants, including without limitation covenants with respect to the payment of taxes and other obligations, compliance with laws, performance of material contracts, creation of liens, incurrence of indebtedness, investments, dispositions, fundamental changes, restricted payments, changes in the nature of the Company’s business, transactions with affiliates, corporate and accounting changes, and sale and leaseback arrangements.

15


(11)     Segment Reporting

The Company's reportable segments are mobile connectivity and inertial navigation. The financial results of each segment are based on revenues from external customers, costs of revenue and operating expenses that are directly attributable to the segment and an allocation of costs from shared functions. These shared functions include, but are not limited to, facilities, human resources, information technology, and engineering. Allocations are made based on management’s judgment of the most relevant factors, such as head count, number of customer sites, or other operational data that contribute to the shared costs. Certain corporate-level costs have not been allocated as they are not directly attributable to either segment. These costs primarily consist of broad corporate functions, including executive, legal, finance, and costs associated with corporate actions. Segment-level asset information has not been provided as such information is not reviewed by the chief operating decision-maker for purposes of assessing segment performance and allocating resources. There are no significant inter-segment sales or transactions.

The Company's performance is impacted by the levels of activity in the marine and land mobile markets and defense sectors, among others. Performance in any particular period could be impacted by the timing of sales to certain large customers.

The mobile connectivity segment primarily manufactures and distributes a comprehensive family of mobile satellite antenna products and services that provide access to television, the Internet and voice services while on the move. Product sales within the mobile connectivity segment accounted for 16% of the Company's consolidated net sales for both the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021. Service sales of mini-VSAT Broadband airtime service accounted for 58% and 51% of the Company's consolidated net sales for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.
The inertial navigation segment manufactures and distributes a portfolio of digital compass and fiber optic gyro (FOG)-based systems that address the rigorous requirements of military and commercial customers and provide reliable, easy-to-use and continuously available navigation and pointing data. The principal product categories in this segment include the FOG-based inertial measurement units (IMUs) for precision guidance, FOGs for tactical navigation as well as pointing and stabilization systems, and digital compasses that provide accurate heading information for demanding applications, security, automation and access control equipment and systems. Sales of FOG-based guidance and navigation systems within the inertial navigation segment accounted for 17% and 14% of the Company's consolidated net sales for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. TACNAV product sales accounted for 2% and 12% of the Company's consolidated net sales for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively

No other single product class accounts for 10% or more of the Company's consolidated net sales.

The Company operates in a number of major geographic areas, including internationally. Revenues from international locations primarily include Canada, European Union countries, and other European countries, as well as countries in Africa, Asia/Pacific, the Middle East, and India. Revenues are based upon customer location and internationally represented 64% and 62% of consolidated net sales for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. Sales to Singapore customers represented 12% and 10% of the Company's consolidated net sales for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. No other individual foreign country represented 10% or more of the Company's consolidated net sales for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021.

As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the long-lived tangible assets related to the Company’s international subsidiaries were less than 10% of the Company’s long-lived tangible assets.

16


Net sales and operating income (loss) for the Company's reporting segments and the Company's loss before income tax expense (benefit) for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 were as follows:
Three Months Ended
March 31,
20222021
Net sales:
Mobile connectivity$33,151 $30,507 
Inertial navigation7,943 11,785 
     Consolidated net sales$41,094 $42,292 
Operating income (loss):
Mobile connectivity$1,305 $(397)
Inertial navigation(460)2,090 
     Subtotal845 1,693 
Unallocated, net(5,553)(5,300)
     Loss from operations(4,708)(3,607)
Net interest and other income (expense), net345 (574)
     Loss before income tax expense (benefit)$(4,363)$(4,181)

Depreciation expense and amortization expense for the Company's reporting segments for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 were as follows:
Three Months Ended
March 31,
20222021
Depreciation expense:
Mobile connectivity$2,892 $2,521 
Inertial navigation308 384 
Unallocated173 169 
     Total consolidated depreciation expense$3,373 $3,074 
Amortization expense:
Mobile connectivity$194 $276 
Inertial navigation— — 
Unallocated— — 
     Total consolidated amortization expense$194 $276 

(12)     Legal Matters
    
    In the ordinary course of business, the Company is a party to inquiries, legal proceedings and claims including, from time to time, disagreements with vendors and customers. The Company is not a party to any lawsuit or proceeding that, in management's opinion, is likely to materially harm the Company's business, results of operations, financial condition, or cash flows.


17


(13)     Fair Value Measurements

ASC Topic 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures (ASC 820), provides a framework for measuring fair value and requires expanded disclosures regarding fair value measurements. ASC 820 defines fair value as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. ASC 820 also establishes a fair value hierarchy, which requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. ASC 820 describes three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value:

Level 1:    Unadjusted quoted prices in active markets that are accessible at the measurement date for identical, unrestricted assets or liabilities. The Company’s Level 1 assets are investments in money market mutual funds.

Level 2:    Quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets; or observable prices that are based on observable market data, based on directly or indirectly market-corroborated inputs. The Company has no Level 2 assets or liabilities.

Level 3:    Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity, and are developed based on the best information available given the circumstances. The Company has no Level 3 assets.

Assets and liabilities measured at fair value are based on the valuation techniques identified in the table below.

The following tables present financial assets and liabilities at March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021 for which the Company measures fair value on a recurring basis, by level, within the fair value hierarchy:

March 31, 2022TotalLevel 1Level 2Level 3Valuation
Technique
Assets
Money market mutual funds$8,649 $8,649 $— $— (a)
December 31, 2021TotalLevel 1Level 2Level 3Valuation
Technique
Assets
Money market mutual funds$13,147 $13,147 $— $— (a)
(a)Market approach—prices and other relevant information generated by market transactions involving identical or comparable assets.
The carrying amount of certain financial instruments approximates fair value due to their short-term, highly liquid nature. These instruments include cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable, and accrued expenses. The carrying amount of the Company's operating and financing lease liabilities approximates fair value based on currently available quoted rates of similarly structured borrowings.

Assets Measured and Recorded at Fair Value on a Nonrecurring Basis

The Company's non-financial assets, such as goodwill, intangible assets, and other long-lived assets resulting from business combinations, are measured at fair value using income approach valuation methodologies at the date of acquisition and subsequently re-measured if indications of impairment exist. There was no impairment of the Company's non-financial assets noted as of March 31, 2022. The Company does not have any liabilities that are recorded at fair value on a non-recurring basis.

(14)     Goodwill and Intangible Assets

Goodwill

The following table sets forth the changes in the carrying amount of goodwill for the three months ended March 31, 2022:

18


Amounts
Balance at December 31, 2021$6,570 
Foreign currency translation adjustment(61)
Balance at March 31, 2022$6,509 
Intangible Assets

The changes in the carrying amount of intangible assets during the three months ended March 31, 2022 are as follows:

Amounts
Balance at December 31, 2021$1,287 
Amortization expense(194)
Intangible assets acquired in asset acquisition14 
Foreign currency translation adjustment(24)
Balance at March 31, 2022$1,083 

Intangible assets arose from the acquisition of KVH Media Group (acquired as Headland Media Limited) in May 2013. These intangible assets are being amortized on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful life of 10 years for acquired subscriber relationships. The intangible assets were recorded in pounds sterling and fluctuations in exchange rates cause these amounts to increase or decrease from time to time.

In January 2017, the Company completed the acquisition of certain subscriber relationships from a third party. This acquisition did not meet the definition of a business under ASC 2017-01, Business Combinations (Topic 805)-Clarifying the Definition of a Business, which the Company adopted on October 1, 2016. The Company ascribed $100 of the initial purchase price to the acquired subscriber relationships definite-lived intangible assets with an initial estimated useful life of 10 years. Under the asset purchase agreement, the purchase price includes a component of contingent consideration under which the Company is required to pay a percentage of recurring revenues received from the acquired subscriber relationships through 2026 up to a maximum annual payment of $114. As of March 31, 2022, the carrying value of the intangible assets acquired in the asset acquisition was $422. As the acquisition did not represent a business combination, the contingent consideration arrangement is recognized only when the contingency is resolved and the consideration is paid or becomes payable. The amounts payable under the contingent consideration arrangement, if any, will be included in the measurement of the cost of the acquired subscriber relationships. An additional $14 and $16 of consideration was earned under the contingent consideration arrangement during the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.

Acquired intangible assets are subject to amortization. The following table summarizes acquired intangible assets at March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively:
Gross Carrying AmountAccumulated AmortizationNet Carrying Value
March 31, 2022
Subscriber relationships$8,023 $6,940 $1,083 
Distribution rights315 315 — 
Internally developed software446 446 — 
Proprietary content153 153 — 
Intellectual property2,284 2,284 — 
$11,221 $10,138 $1,083 
December 31, 2021
Subscriber relationships$8,033 $6,746 $1,287 
Distribution rights315 315 — 
Internally developed software446 446 — 
Proprietary content153 153 — 
Intellectual property2,284 2,284 — 
$11,231 $9,944 $1,287 
19



Amortization expense related to intangible assets was $194 and $276 for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. Amortization expense was categorized as general and administrative expense.

As of March 31, 2022, the total weighted average remaining useful lives of the definite-lived intangible assets was 1.3 years.

Estimated future amortization expense remaining at March 31, 2022 for intangible assets acquired was as follows:

Years ending December 31,
Remainder of 2022$573 
2023311 
202463 
202563 
202663 
Thereafter10 
     Total future amortization expense$1,083 

For definite-lived intangible assets, the Company assesses the carrying value of these assets whenever events or circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. Recoverability of assets to be held and used is measured by comparing the carrying amount of an asset, or asset group, to the future undiscounted cash flows expected to be generated by the asset, or asset group. There were no events or changes in circumstances during the first quarter of 2022 which indicated that an assessment of the impairment of goodwill and intangible assets was required.

(15)     Revenue from Contracts with Customers (ASC 606)

In accordance with ASC 606, revenue is recognized when a customer obtains control of promised products and services. The amount of revenue recognized reflects the consideration which the Company expects to be entitled to receive in exchange for these products and services.

Disaggregation of Revenue

The following table summarizes net sales from contracts with customers for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021:

Three Months Ended
March 31,
20222021
Mobile connectivity product, transferred at point in time$6,107 $6,088 
Mobile connectivity product, transferred over time456 803 
Mobile connectivity service26,588 23,616 
Inertial navigation product7,807 11,541 
Inertial navigation service136 244 
 Total net sales$41,094 $42,292 

Revenue recognized during the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 from amounts included in contract liabilities at the beginning of the period was $452 and $773, respectively.

20


For mobile connectivity product sales, the delivery of the Company’s performance obligations are generally transferred to the customer, and associated revenue is recognized, at a point in time, with the exception of certain mini-VSAT contracts which are transferred to customers over time. For mobile connectivity service sales, the delivery of the Company’s performance obligations are transferred to the customer, and associated revenue is recognized, over time. For inertial navigation product sales, the delivery of the Company’s performance obligations are generally transferred to the customer, and associated revenue is recognized, at a point in time. For inertial navigation service sales, the Company's performance obligations are generally transferred to customers, and associated revenue is recognized, over time.

Business and Credit Concentrations

Concentrations of risk with respect to trade accounts receivable are generally limited due to the large number of customers and their dispersion across several geographic areas. Although the Company does not foresee that credit risk associated with these receivables will deviate from historical experience, repayment is dependent upon the financial stability of those individual customers. The Company establishes allowances for potential bad debts and evaluates, on a monthly basis, the adequacy of those reserves based upon historical experience and its expectations for future collectability concerns. The Company performs ongoing credit evaluations of the financial condition of its customers and generally does not require collateral. 

No single customer accounted for 10% or more of consolidated net sales for the three months ended March 31, 2022 or 2021 or accounts receivable at March 31, 2022 or December 31, 2021.

Certain components from third parties used in the Company’s products are procured from single sources of supply. The failure of a supplier, including a subcontractor, to deliver on schedule could delay or interrupt the Company’s delivery of products and thereby materially adversely affect the Company’s revenues and operating results.

(16)     Income Taxes

The Company’s effective tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2022 was (7.5)% compared with 3.7% for the corresponding period in the prior year. The effective income tax rate is based on estimated income for the year, the estimated composition of the income in different jurisdictions and discrete adjustments, if any, in the applicable periods, including retroactive changes in tax legislation, settlements of tax audits or assessments, and the resolution or identification of tax position uncertainties.

For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, the effective tax rates were lower than the statutory tax rate primarily due to the Company maintaining a valuation allowance reserve on its US deferred tax assets and to the composition of income from foreign jurisdictions taxed at lower rates.

As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the Company had reserves for uncertain tax positions of $608 and $592, respectively. There were no material changes during the three months ended March 31, 2022 to the Company’s reserve for uncertain tax positions. The Company estimates that it is reasonably possible that the balance of unrecognized tax benefits as of March 31, 2022 may decrease $19 in the next twelve months as a result of a lapse of statutes of limitations and settlements with taxing authorities.

The Company’s tax jurisdictions include the United States, the United Kingdom, Denmark, Cyprus, Norway, Brazil, Singapore, Japan and India. In general, the statute of limitations with respect to the Company's United States federal income taxes has expired for years prior to 2018, and the relevant state and foreign statutes vary. However, preceding years remain open to examination by United States federal and state and foreign taxing authorities to the extent of future utilization of net operating losses and research and development tax credits generated in each preceding year.

21


(17)     Leases

Lessee

The Company has operating leases for office facilities, equipment, and satellite service capacity and related equipment. Lease expense was $544 and $977 for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. Short-term operating lease costs were $55 and $57 for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. Sublease income was $35 and $34 for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. Maturities of lease liabilities as of March 31, 2022 under operating leases having an initial or remaining non-cancelable term of one year or more are as follows:

Remainder of 2022$1,456 
2023780 
2024392 
202514 
Total minimum lease payments$2,642 
Less amount representing interest$(130)
Present value of net minimum operating lease payments$2,512 
Less current installments of obligation under current-operating lease liabilities$1,571 
Obligations under long-term operating lease liabilities, excluding current installments$941 
Weighted-average remaining lease term - operating leases (years)1.74
Weighted-average discount rate - operating leases5.50 %

During the first quarter of 2018, the Company entered into a five-year financing lease for 3 satellite hubs for its HTS network. During the first quarter of 2021, the terms of this lease were adjusted and the Company discontinued use of 2 satellite hubs and was released from the related payment obligation in exchange for additional satellite service capacity. As of March 31, 2022, the gross cost and accumulated amortization associated with this lease for the remaining satellite hub is included in revenue generating assets and amounted to $1,268 and $755, respectively. The obligation under capital leases are stated at the present value of minimum lease payments.

The property and equipment held under this financing lease are amortized on a straight-line basis over the seven-year estimated useful life of the asset, since the lease meets the bargain purchase option criteria. Amortization of assets held under financing leases is included within depreciation expense. Depreciation expense for the remaining capital assets was $45 for both the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021.

The future minimum lease payments under this financing lease as of March 31, 2022 are:
Remainder of 2022$198 
202322 
Total minimum lease payments$220 
Less amount representing interest$(2)
Present value of net minimum financing lease payments$218 
Less current installments of obligation under accrued other$218 
Obligations under other long-term liabilities, excluding current installments$— 
Weighted-average remaining lease term - finance leases (years)0.92
Weighted-average discount rate - finance leases1.53 %

22


Lessor

The Company enters into leases with certain customers primarily for the TracPhone mini-VSAT systems. These leases are classified as sales-type leases as title of the equipment transfers to the customer at the end of the lease term. The Company records the leases at a price typically equivalent to normal selling price and in excess of the cost or carrying amount. Upon delivery, the Company records the net present value of all payments under these leases as product revenue, and the related costs of the product are charged to cost of sales. Interest income is recognized throughout the lease term (typically three to five years) using an implicit interest rate. The sales-type leases do not have unguaranteed residual assets.

The current portion of the net investment in these leases was $3,813 as of March 31, 2022 and the non-current portion of the net investment in these leases was $6,119 as of March 31, 2022. The current portion of the net investment in the leases is included in accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts on the accompanying consolidated balance sheets and the non-current portion of the net investment in these leases is included in other non-current assets on the accompanying consolidated balance sheets. Interest income from sales-type leases was $207 and $231 during the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.

The future undiscounted cash flows from these leases as of March 31, 2022 are:
Remainder of 2022$3,487 
20233,526 
20242,598 
20251,214 
2026393 
20277
Total undiscounted cash flows$11,225 
Present value of lease payments$9,932 
Difference between undiscounted cash flows and discounted cash flows $1,293 

In 2021, the Company entered into three-year leases for its TracPhone mini-VSAT systems, in which ownership of the hardware does not transfer to the lessee by the end of the lease term. As a result, and in light of other factors indicated in ASC 842, these leases are classified as operating leases.

As of March 31, 2022, the gross costs and accumulated depreciation associated with these operating leases are included in revenue generating assets and amounted to $1,735 and $236, respectively. They are depreciated on a straight-line basis over a five-year estimated useful life. Depreciation expense for these assets was $82 for the three months ended March 31, 2022.

Lease revenue recognized was $126 for the three months ended March 31, 2022.

As of March 31, 2022, minimum future lease payments to be recognized on the operating leases are as follows:
2022$396 
2023527 
2024321 
202513 
Total$1,257 

(18)     Subsequent Events

On April 29, 2022, KVH Media Group Limited, the Company's wholly owned subsidiary, closed on a stock sale of its subsidiary KVH Media Group Entertainment Limited, which is in the KVH Media Group reporting unit of its mobile connectivity segment for net proceeds of approximately $2,500. This transaction did not meet the criteria as an asset held for sale or a discontinued operation under ASC 205-20.

23


ITEM 2.    MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Introduction

The statements included in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q, other than statements of historical fact, are forward-looking statements. Examples of forward-looking statements include statements regarding our future financial results, operating results, business strategies, projected costs, products and services, competitive positions and plans, customer preferences, consumer trends, anticipated product development, and objectives of management for future operations. In some cases, forward-looking statements can be identified by terminology such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “would,” “expects,” “plans,” “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “predicts,” “potential,” “continue,” or the negative of these terms or other comparable terminology. Any expectations based on these forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties and other important factors, including those discussed in the section entitled “Risk Factors” in Item 1A of Part I of our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021. These and many other factors could affect our future financial and operating results, and could cause actual results to differ materially from expectations based on forward-looking statements made in this document or elsewhere by us or on our behalf. For example, our expectations regarding certain items as a percentage of sales assume that we will achieve our anticipated sales goals. The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with our consolidated interim financial statements and related notes appearing elsewhere in this report.

Overview

We design, develop, manufacture and market mobile connectivity products and services for the marine and land mobile markets, and inertial navigation products for the defense and commercial markets. Our reporting segments are as follows:

the mobile connectivity segment and
the inertial navigation segment.

Through these segments, we manufacture and sell our solutions in a number of major geographic areas, including internationally. We generate a majority of our revenues from various international locations, primarily consisting of Singapore, Canada, countries in Europe, countries in Africa, other Asia/Pacific countries, the Middle East, and India.

Disposition of Assets

On April 29, 2022, we sold our subsidiary, KVH Media Group Entertainment Limited, for net proceeds of approximately $2.5 million. The subsidiary, which formed part of the KVH Media Group reporting unit of our mobile connectivity segment, operated the radio portion of the KVH Media Group business. The transaction did not meet the criteria as an asset held for sale or a discontinued operation under ASC 205-20.

Management Transition and Restructuring

On March 7, 2022, we announced that our President and Chief Executive Officer, Martin Kits van Heyningen, was retiring from his executive and Board roles after more than 40 years of service and assuming a consulting position with us. The Board of Directors has engaged an executive search firm to identify a new Chief Executive Officer. Brent C. Bruun, our Chief Operating Officer, has been appointed as our interim President and Chief Executive Officer. We have incurred approximately $0.5 million of costs associated with the management transition through March 31, 2022, including a separation payment, consulting fees and health insurance coverage for Mr. Kits van Heyningen, as well as professional and advisory fees, and expect to continue to incur ongoing compensation expenses until March 2023.

In March 2022, we also restructured our operations to reduce costs and better pursue a more focused strategy. We reduced our workforce by approximately 10% and expect to reduce expenses from these actions. Approximately $1.7 million of costs were incurred in the first quarter of 2022, with the benefit to earnings expected to begin in the second quarter of 2022.

Mobile Connectivity Segment

Our mobile connectivity segment offers satellite communications products and services. Our mobile connectivity products enable customers to receive voice and Internet services and live digital television via satellite services in marine vessels, recreational vehicles, buses and automobiles. We sell our mobile connectivity products through an extensive international network of dealers and distributors. We also sell and lease products to service providers and directly to end users.

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Our mobile connectivity service sales include sales of satellite voice and Internet airtime services, engineering services provided under development contracts, sales from product repairs, and extended warranty sales. This segment's sales also include the distribution of entertainment, including news, sports, music, and movies, to commercial and leisure customers in the maritime, hotel, and retail markets through KVH Media Group. We typically recognize revenue from media content sales ratably over the period of the service contract. We provide, for monthly fixed fees and usage-based fees, satellite connectivity services for broadband Internet, data and VoIP service to our mini-VSAT Broadband customers. We also earn monthly usage fees for third-party satellite connectivity for voice, data and Internet services to our Inmarsat and Iridium customers who choose to activate their subscriptions with us.

Within the mobile connectivity segment, our marine leisure business is highly seasonal, and seasonality can also impact our commercial marine business. Historically, we have generated the majority of our marine leisure product revenues during the first and second quarters of each year, and these revenues typically decline in the third and fourth quarters of each year, compared to the first two quarters. Temporary suspensions of our airtime services typically increase in the third and fourth quarters of each year as boats are placed out of service during the winter months.

Inertial Navigation Segment

Our inertial navigation segment offers precision fiber optic gyro (FOG)-based systems that enable platform and optical stabilization, navigation, pointing, and guidance. Our inertial navigation products also include TACNAV systems that provide uninterrupted access to navigation and pointing information in a variety of military vehicles, including tactical trucks and light armored vehicles. Our inertial navigation products are sold directly to governments, both U.S. and foreign, and government contractors, as well as through an international network of authorized independent sales representatives. In addition, our inertial navigation products are used in numerous commercial products, such as navigation and positioning systems for various applications including precision mapping, dynamic surveying, autonomous vehicles, train location control and track geometry measurement systems, industrial robotics and optical stabilization. Our inertial navigation service sales include engineering services provided under development contracts, product repairs and extended warranty sales.

Sales by Segment

We generate sales primarily from the sale of our mobile connectivity products and services and our inertial navigation products and services. The following table provides, for the periods indicated, our sales by segment:

Three Months Ended
 March 31,
 20222021
(in thousands)
Mobile connectivity$33,151 $30,507 
Inertial navigation7,943 11,785 
Net sales$41,094 $42,292 

Product sales within the mobile connectivity segment accounted for 16% of our consolidated net sales for both the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021. Sales of mini-VSAT Broadband airtime service accounted for 58% and 51% of our consolidated net sales for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.

Within our inertial navigation segment, net sales of FOG-based guidance and navigation systems accounted for 17% and 14% of our consolidated net sales for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. TACNAV product sales accounted for 2% and 12% of our consolidated net sales for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.

No other single product class accounted for 10% or more of our consolidated net sales for the three months ended March 31, 2022 or 2021. No individual customer accounted for 10% or more of our consolidated net sales for the three months ended March 31, 2022 or 2021.

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We operate in a number of major geographic areas across the globe. We generate our international net sales, based upon customer location, primarily from customers located in Singapore, Canada, countries in Europe, countries in Africa, other Asia/Pacific countries, the Middle East, and India. Revenues are based upon customer location and internationally represented 64% and 62% of our consolidated net sales for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. Sales to Singapore customers represented 12% and 10% of our consolidated net sales for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021. See Note 11 to our consolidated interim financial statements for more information on our segments. No other individual foreign country represented 10% or more of the our consolidated net sales for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021.

Customer-Funded Research and Development

In addition to our internally funded research and development efforts, we also conduct research and development activities that are funded by our customers. These activities relate primarily to engineering studies, surveys, prototype development, program management, and standard product customization. In accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, we account for customer-funded research as service revenue, and we account for the associated research and development costs as costs of service and product sales. As a result, customer-funded research and development are not included in the research and development expense that we present in our statement of operations. The following table presents our total annual research and development effort, representing the sum of research costs of service and product sales and the operating expense of research and development as described in our statement of operations. Our management believes this information is useful because it provides a better understanding of our total expenditures on research and development activities.
 Three Months Ended
March 31,
 20222021
 (in thousands)
Research and development expense presented on the statement of operations$4,649 $4,567 
Costs of customer-funded research and development included in costs of service sales17 411 
Total consolidated statements of operations expenditures on research and development activities$4,666 $4,978 

Supply Chain

During the three months ended March 31, 2022, the Company continued to experience delays in the availability and delivery of certain raw material components, which has impacted our manufacturing as well as resulted in shipping delays in getting products out to our customers. We also experienced increase in raw material costs, which we expect to continue throughout 2022. We are continuing to monitor global developments and are prepared to implement any actions that we determine to be necessary to sustain our business.

Critical Accounting Estimates

The discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based upon our consolidated interim financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. The preparation of these interim financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosure at the date of our interim financial statements. Our significant accounting policies are summarized in Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021.

Critical accounting estimates are those estimates made that involve a significant level of estimation uncertainty and have had or are reasonably likely to have an impact on our statement of operations. As described in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021, our accounting policies for goodwill, intangible assets, and other long-lived assets were the only estimates critical to an understanding and evaluation of our consolidated financial statements. We have reviewed our accounting policies and critical accounting estimates and determined that these remain our most critical accounting policies and estimates for the three months ended March 31, 2022.

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Readers should refer to our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021 under “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operation—Critical Accounting Estimates” for descriptions of these policies and estimates, as well as the notes to the consolidated interim financial statements included elsewhere within this report.

Results of Operations
The following table provides, for the periods indicated, certain financial data expressed as a percentage of net sales:
Three Months Ended
 March 31,
 20222021
Sales:
Product35.0 %43.6 %
Service65.0 56.4 
Net sales100.0 100.0 
Cost and expenses:
Costs of product sales26.1 26.5 
Costs of service sales36.5 36.5 
Research and development11.3 10.8 
Sales, marketing and support20.3 17.8 
General and administrative17.2 16.9 
Total costs and expenses111.4 108.5 
Loss from operations(11.4)(8.5)
Interest income0.5 0.6 
Interest expense— — 
Other income (expense), net0.3 (1.9)
Loss before income tax expense (benefit)(10.6)(9.8)
Income tax expense (benefit)0.8 (0.4)
Net loss(11.4)%(9.4)%

Three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021

Net Sales
    
As discussed further under the heading "Segment Discussion" below, product sales decreased $4.1 million, or 22%, to $14.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022 from $18.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021, due to a decrease in inertial navigation product sales of $3.7 million and a decrease of $0.3 million in mobile connectivity product sales. Service sales for the three months ended March 31, 2022 increased $2.9 million, or 12%, to $26.7 million from $23.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 due to an increase in mobile connectivity service sales of $3.0 million, partially offset by a decrease in inertial navigation service sales of $0.1 million.

Costs of Sales
    
    Costs of sales consists of costs of product sales and costs of service sales. Costs of sales decreased by $0.9 million, or 3%, in the three months ended March 31, 2022 to $25.7 million from $26.6 million in the three months ended March 31, 2021. The decrease in costs of sales was driven by a $0.5 million decrease in costs of product sales and a $0.4 million decrease in costs of service sales. As a percentage of net sales, costs of sales was 63% for both the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021.

Our costs of product sales consist primarily of materials, manufacturing overhead, and direct labor used to produce our products. For the three months ended March 31, 2022, costs of product sales decreased by $0.5 million, or 4%, to $10.7 million from $11.2 million in the three months ended March 31, 2021. As a percentage of product sales, costs of product sales were 75% and 61% for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. Inertial navigation costs of product sales
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decreased by $0.8 million, or 13%, primarily due to a $1.3 million decrease in our TACNAV costs of product sales and a $0.2 million decrease in expensed material and other manufacturing period costs, partially offset by a $0.8 million increase in FOG and OEM products. Inertial navigation costs of product sales as a percentage of inertial navigation product sales were 68% and 53% for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. The increase was primarily driven by product mix with a decrease in higher margin TACNAV product sales. Mobile connectivity costs of product sales increased by $0.3 million, or 6%, primarily due to an increase in our marine mobile connectivity cost of product sales. Mobile connectivity costs of product sales as a percentage of mobile connectivity product sales were 83% and 74% for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. The increase was primarily driven by product mix within our marine mobile connectivity cost of product sales.

Our costs of service sales consist primarily of satellite service capacity, depreciation, service network overhead expense associated with our mini-VSAT Broadband network infrastructure, direct network service labor, Inmarsat service costs, product installation costs, engineering and related direct costs associated with customer-funded research and development, media materials and distribution costs, and service repair materials. For the three months ended March 31, 2022, costs of service sales decreased by $0.4 million, or 3%, to $15.0 million from $15.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021. As a percentage of service sales, costs of service sales were 56% and 65% for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. Inertial navigation costs of service sales decreased by $0.4 million, or 86%, due to a decrease in contract engineering services sales. Inertial navigation costs of service sales as a percentage of inertial navigation service sales were 49% and 192% for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. This decrease in costs of inertial navigation service sales was primarily due to a decrease in costs relating to an engineering and services development contract from a major U.S. defense contractor. Mobile connectivity costs of service sales decreased by less than $0.1 million year-over-year. Mobile connectivity costs of service sales as a percentage of mobile connectivity service sales were 56% and 63% for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. This decrease was primarily driven by the shut down of our legacy Arclight network, partially offset by an increase in costs associated with our HTS network due to increased capacity required for additional customers.

Operating Expenses
    
    Research and development expense consists of direct labor, materials, external consultants, and related overhead costs that support our internally funded product development and product sustaining engineering activities. Research and development expense for the three months ended March 31, 2022 increased by $0.1 million, or 2%, to $4.6 million. The primary reason for the increase in research and development expense was a $0.4 million increase in costs related to the reduction in our workforce in March 2022 and a $0.4 million decrease in funded engineering expenses. There was also a corresponding reallocation of the expense of the underlying engineering work from costs of service sales, where funded engineering expenses are reflected, to research and development expense, where unfunded engineering expenses are reflected. These increases were partially offset by a $0.5 million decrease in salaries, benefits and taxes (excluding costs associated with the previously mentioned reduction in force) and a $0.3 million decrease in consulting fees. As a percentage of net sales, research and development expense was 11% for both the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021.

    Sales, marketing, and support expense consists primarily of salaries and related expenses for sales and marketing personnel, commissions for both in-house and third-party representatives, costs related to the co-development of certain content, other sales and marketing support costs such as advertising, literature and promotional materials, product service personnel and support costs, warranty-related costs and bad debt expense. Sales, marketing and support expense also includes the operating expenses of our sales office subsidiaries in Denmark, Singapore, Brazil, and Japan. Sales, marketing and support expense for the three months ended March 31, 2022 increased by $0.8 million, or 11%, to $8.4 million from $7.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021. The increase in sales, marketing and support expense resulted primarily from a $0.7 million increase in salaries, benefits and taxes, which was driven by costs related to the reduction in our workforce in March 2022. As a percentage of net sales, sales, marketing and support expense was 20% and 18% for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.

    General and administrative expense consists of costs attributable to management, finance and accounting, information technology, human resources, certain outside professional services, and other administrative costs. General and administrative expense for the three months ended March 31, 2022 decreased by $0.1 million, or 1%, to $7.1 million. The decrease in general and administrative expense resulted primarily from a $0.5 million decrease in professional fees, primarily arising from a stockholder’s nomination of a competing slate of directors at our annual meeting of stockholders in 2021. This decrease in expense was offset by a $0.6 million increase in salaries, benefits and taxes, which was driven by $0.5 million of expenses related to the separation and retirement of Mr. Kits van Heyningen in March 2022. As a percentage of net sales, general and administrative expense was 17% for both the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021.

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Interest and Other Income (Expense), Net
    
    Interest income represents interest earned on our cash and cash equivalents, as well as from investments and our sale-type lease receivables. Interest income remained flat period-over-period at $0.2 million for both the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021. Interest expense remained flat period-over-period at less than $0.1 million for both the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021. Other income (expense), net increased to other income of $0.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022 from other expense of $0.8 million for the prior period primarily due to an increase in foreign exchange gains from our UK operations.

Income Tax Expense (Benefit)

    Income tax expense for the three months ended March 31, 2022 was $0.3 million and related to taxes on income earned in foreign jurisdictions. Income tax benefit for the three months ended March 31, 2021 was $0.2 million and related to losses generated in foreign jurisdictions.

Segment Discussion - Three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021

Our net sales by segment for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 were as follows:
Change
For the three months ended March 31,2022 vs. 2021
20222021$%
(dollars in thousands)
Mobile connectivity sales:
Product$6,563 $6,891 $(328)(5)%
Service26,588 23,616 2,972 13 %
Net sales$33,151 $30,507 $2,644 %
Inertial navigation sales:
Product$7,807 $11,541 $(3,734)(32)%
Service136 244 (108)(44)%
Net sales$7,943 $11,785 $(3,842)(33)%

Operating income (loss) by segment for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 were as follows:
Change
For the three months ended March 31,2022 vs. 2021
20222021$%
(dollars in thousands)
Mobile connectivity$1,305 $(397)$1,702 429 %
Inertial navigation(460)2,090 (2,550)(122)%
$845 $1,693 $(848)(50)%
Unallocated(5,553)(5,300)(253)(5)%
Loss from operations$(4,708)$(3,607)$(1,101)(31)%

Mobile Connectivity Segment

Net sales in the mobile connectivity segment increased by $2.6 million, or 9%, for the three months ended March 31, 2022 as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2021. Mobile connectivity product sales decreased by $0.3 million, or 5%, to $6.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022 from $6.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021. The decrease in mobile connectivity product sales was primarily due to a $0.5 million decrease in TracVision product sales. The decrease in TracVision product sales was primarily due to a decrease in sales volume.

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Mobile connectivity service sales increased by $3.0 million, or 13%, to $26.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022 from $23.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021. The increase was primarily due to an $2.7 million increase in our mini-VSAT service sales compared to the three months ended March 31, 2021.

Consistent with our previously disclosed plans, we shut down our legacy Arclight network at midnight on December 31, 2021. Virtually all costs associated with that network have ceased. Although we expect to incur additional costs on our HTS network to service the customers who have migrated from the legacy network, during the three months ended March 31, 2022 we saw margin improvement in our mini-VSAT services. We are continuing with the migration/transition of legacy network customers who did not migrate by December 31, 2021. As of December 31, 2021, the monthly recurring revenue associated with those customers was approximately $0.3 million. During the three months ended March 31, 2022, we re-signed a total of $0.1 million of recurring monthly revenue from former legacy network customers. We expect to continue re-signing former legacy network customers throughout 2022, particularly in the spring as seasonal leisure customers commission their vessels for the summer. However, we do not expect that we will succeed in re-signing all of them. For the full year, we expect airtime revenue growth but at a lower rate than we saw in 2021.

Operating income for the mobile connectivity segment increased by $1.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022 to operating income of $1.3 million as compared to an operating loss of $0.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021. This increase resulted primarily from an increase in sales less associated costs of $2.4 million, partially offset by a $0.7 million increase in salaries, benefits and taxes, which was primarily driven by $1.0 million of costs related to the reduction in our workforce in March 2022.

Inertial Navigation Segment

Net sales in the inertial navigation segment decreased $3.8 million, or 33%, for the three months ended March 31, 2022 as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2021. Inertial navigation product sales decreased by $3.7 million, or 32%, to $7.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022 from $11.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021. This decrease was primarily due to a $4.5 million decrease in TACNAV product sales, partially offset by a $0.8 million increase in sales of our FOG and OEM products.

Inertial navigation service sales decreased $0.1 million, or 44%, to $0.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022 from $0.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021.

Our operating loss for the inertial navigation segment increased by $2.6 million to an operating loss of $0.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022 as compared to operating income of $2.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021. This increase was primarily due to the decrease in sales less associated costs of $2.6 million and a $0.2 million increase in costs related to the reduction in our workforce in March 2022. These increases were partially offset by a $0.4 million decrease in salaries, benefits and taxes (excluding costs associated with the previously mentioned reduction in force).

Unallocated

Certain corporate-level costs have not been allocated because they are not directly attributable to either segment. These costs primarily consist of broad corporate functions, including executive, legal, finance, information technology, and costs associated with corporate actions.

Unallocated operating loss increased $0.3 million, or 5%, for the three months ended March 31, 2022 as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2021 primarily due to a $0.8 million increase in salaries, benefits and taxes, which was primarily driven by $0.5 million of expenses related to the separation and retirement of Mr. Kits van Heyningen in March 2022. This increase was partially offset by a $0.5 million decrease in non-recurring legal and advisory fees. In 2021, these fees were incurred as a result of a stockholder’s nomination of a competing slate of directors for our annual meeting of stockholders.

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Backlog

Backlog is not a meaningful indicator for predicting revenue in future periods. Commercial resellers for our mobile connectivity products and legacy products typically do not carry extensive inventories and rely on us to ship products quickly. Generally, due to rapid delivery of our commercial products, our backlog for those products is not significant.

Our backlog for all products and services was $25.1 million and $23.9 million as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively. As of March 31, 2022, $17.0 million of our backlog was scheduled for fulfillment in 2022, $1.6 million was scheduled for fulfillment in 2023, and $6.4 million was scheduled for fulfillment in 2024 through 2026.

Backlog consists of orders evidenced by written agreements and specified delivery dates for customers who are acceptable credit risks. We do not include satellite connectivity service sales in our backlog even though many of our satellite connectivity customers have signed annual or multi-year service contracts providing for a fixed monthly fee. Military orders included in backlog are generally subject to cancellation for the convenience of the customer. When orders are canceled, we generally recover actual costs incurred through the date of cancellation and the costs resulting from termination. As of March 31, 2022, our backlog included $9.3 million in orders that are subject to cancellation for convenience by the customer. Individual orders for inertial navigation products are often large and may require procurement of specialized long-lead components and allocation of manufacturing resources. The complexity of planning and executing larger orders generally requires customers to order well in advance of the required delivery date, resulting in backlog.
Liquidity and Capital Resources

Our primary liquidity needs have been to fund general business requirements, including working capital requirements and capital expenditures. In recent years, we have funded our operations primarily from the sale of a business in 2019, a PPP loan, cash flows from operations, bank financings and proceeds received from exercises of stock options and the issuance of stock.

In May 2020, we received a $6.9 million loan from Bank of America, N.A. (the Lender), under the PPP, which was established under the CARES Act. Pursuant to the terms of the CARES Act, in August 2021, we applied for forgiveness of the full amount of the PPP Loan. On September 24, 2021, we received notification from the bank that, on September 19, 2021, the U.S. Small Business Administration (the SBA) had determined that the PPP Loan forgiveness application was approved, and the PPP Loan, including all accrued interest thereon, was paid in full by the SBA.

As of March 31, 2022, we had $16.7 million in cash, cash equivalents, and marketable securities, of which $2.6 million in cash and cash equivalents was held in local currencies by our foreign subsidiaries. Our foreign subsidiaries held no marketable securities as of March 31, 2022. As of March 31, 2022, we had $50.7 million in working capital. Based upon our current working capital position, current operating plans and expected business conditions, we expect to have sufficient funds, through at least twelve months from the date that this report is filed with the SEC, to fund our short-term and long-term working capital requirements, including capital expenditures and contractual obligations, primarily using our existing cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities and any operating cash flow. Our funding plans for our working capital needs and other commitments may be adversely impacted if our underlying assumptions regarding our anticipated revenues and expenses are not realized. If our operating results fail to meet our expectations, we could be required to seek additional funding through public or private financings or other arrangements. In that event, adequate funds may not be available when needed or may be available only on terms which could have a negative impact on our business and results of operations. In addition, if we raise funds by issuing equity securities, our stockholders may experience dilution.

Net cash used in operations was $3.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022 compared to net cash provided by operations of $5.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021. The $8.5 million increase in cash used in operations is primarily due to a $4.3 million decrease in cash inflows relating to accounts receivable, a $2.9 million increase in cash outflows relating to inventories, a $1.3 million increase in cash outflows related to accounts payable and accrued expenses, a $0.7 million increase in net loss, a $0.4 million decrease in non-cash items, and a $0.3 million increase in cash outflows related to other non-current assets and non-current contract assets. Partially offsetting these items was a $1.2 million increase in cash inflows related to contract liabilities and long-term contract liabilities.

Net cash provided by investing activities was $0.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022 compared to net cash used in investing activities of $5.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021. The $5.2 million increase in net cash provided by investing activities was primarily the result of a $4.5 million increase in net cash inflows relating to the purchase and sale of marketable securities and a $0.8 million decrease in capital expenditures.

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Net cash provided by financing activities was $0.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022 compared to net cash provided by financing activities of $1.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021. The $1.4 million decrease in net cash provided by financing activities is primarily attributable to the $1.4 million decrease in cash inflows relating to proceeds from stock options exercised and the employee stock purchase plan.

Borrowing Arrangements

Paycheck Protection Program Loan

In May 2020, we received a $6.9 million loan from the Lender under the PPP, which was established under the CARES Act and is administered by the SBA. The term of the PPP Loan was two years from the funding date, and the interest rate was 1.00%. Interest on the loan accrued from the funding date, but was deferred. In August 2021, we applied for forgiveness of the full amount of the PPP Loan. On September 24, 2021, we received notification from the Lender that, on September 19, 2021, the SBA had determined that the PPP Loan forgiveness application was approved, and the PPP Loan, including all accrued interest thereon, was paid in full by the SBA.

Line of Credit

Effective October 30, 2018, we entered into an amended and restated three-year senior secured credit facility agreement (the 2018 Credit Agreement) with Bank of America, N.A., as Administrative Agent, and the lenders named from time to time as parties thereto (the 2018 Lenders), which included a reducing revolving credit facility (the 2018 Revolver) of up to $20.0 million initially and reducing to $15.0 million on December 31, 2019, to be used for general corporate purposes. Our obligations under the 2018 Credit Agreement are secured by substantially all of our assets and the pledge of equity interests in certain of our subsidiaries. As of March 31, 2022, no amounts were outstanding under the 2018 Revolver.

Borrowings under the 2018 Revolver are subject to the satisfaction of various conditions precedent at the time of each borrowing, including the continued accuracy of our representations and warranties and the absence of any default under the 2018 Credit Agreement. As of March 31, 2022, we were only able to draw on $12.4 million of the $15.0 million facility due to covenant restrictions.

The 2018 Credit Agreement contains two financial covenants, a maximum Consolidated Leverage Ratio and a minimum Consolidated Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio, each as defined in the 2018 Credit Agreement. The Consolidated Leverage Ratio could not exceed 2.50:1.00 through December 31, 2020 and may not exceed 2.00:1.00 after December 31, 2020. The Consolidated Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio may not be less than 1.25:1.00.

On July 30, 2020, we amended the 2018 Credit Agreement to reflect the incurrence of the PPP loan. Under the amended facility, the principal and interest on the PPP loan were not included in the maximum Consolidated Leverage Ratio or the minimum Consolidated Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio calculations except as to any portion of the PPP Loan that is not ultimately forgiven. In September 2021, the PPP Loan was forgiven in full.

On October 29, 2021, we amended the 2018 Credit Agreement to maintain the $15.0 million 2018 Revolver, extend the maturity date of the 2018 Revolver to October 28, 2022, eliminate the Consolidated Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio financial covenant, add a minimum trailing four-quarter Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA financial covenant of $3.0 million, modify the definition of Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA, modify the interest rate margins and certain lender fees, and transition the interest rate provisions based on LIBOR to the Bloomberg Short Term Bank Yield Index. In addition, Bank of America became the sole lender under the 2018 Credit Agreement. We were in compliance with these financial covenants as of March 31, 2022.

The 2018 Credit Agreement imposes certain other affirmative and negative covenants, including without limitation covenants with respect to the payment of taxes and other obligations, compliance with laws, performance of material contracts, creation of liens, incurrence of indebtedness, investments, dispositions, fundamental changes, restricted payments, changes in the nature of our business, transactions with affiliates, corporate and accounting changes, and sale and leaseback arrangements.

Other Matters

We intend to continue to invest in the mini-VSAT Broadband network on a global basis. As part of the future potential capacity expansion, we plan to acquire additional satellite capacity from satellite operators, expend funds to seek regulatory approvals and permits, develop product enhancements in anticipation of the expansion, and hire additional personnel. From time to time we have entered into multi-year agreements to lease satellite capacity, and we have also purchased numerous satellite hubs to support the added capacity. These transactions can involve millions of dollars.

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ITEM 4.    CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

We maintain disclosure controls and procedures, as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act, which are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission's rules and forms and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Interim Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. Under the supervision and with the participation of our Interim Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, our management has evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of March 31, 2022, the end of the period covered by this interim report. Based on that evaluation, our Interim Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of March 31, 2022.

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting
    
Under the supervision and with the participation of our Interim Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, our management has evaluated changes in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the first quarter of 2022. Based on that evaluation, our Interim Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer did not identify any change in our internal control over financial reporting during the first quarter of 2022 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

Important Considerations
        
The effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures and our internal control over financial reporting is subject to various inherent limitations, including cost limitations, judgments used in decision making, assumptions about the likelihood of future events, the soundness of our systems, the possibility of human error, and the risk of fraud. Moreover, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions and the risk that the degree of compliance with policies or procedures may deteriorate over time. Because of these limitations, there can be no assurance that any system of disclosure controls and procedures or internal control over financial reporting will be successful in preventing all errors or fraud or in making all material information known in a timely manner to the appropriate levels of management.
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PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

ITEM 1.    LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

    In the ordinary course of business, we are a party to inquiries, legal proceedings and claims including, from time to time, disagreements with vendors and customers. We are not a party to any lawsuit or proceeding that, in our opinion, is likely to materially harm our business, results of operations, financial condition, or cash flows.

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ITEM 6.    EXHIBITS
Exhibits:
 
Exhibit
No.
DescriptionFiled with
this Form 10-Q
Incorporated by Reference
FormFiling DateExhibit No.
Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation, as amended10-QAugust 6, 20103.1
Amended and Restated Bylaws10-QNovember 1, 20173.2
Specimen certificate for the common stock10-KMarch 2, 20184.1
Separation and Consulting Agreement dated as of March 6, 2022 between KVH Industries, Inc. and Martin Kits van HeyningenX
Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) certification of principal executive officerX
Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) certification of principal financial officerX
Section 1350 certification of principal executive officer and principal financial officerX
101 
The following financial information from KVH Industries, Inc.'s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2022, formatted in Inline XBRL (Extensible Business Reporting Language): (i) the Consolidated Balance Sheets (unaudited), (ii) the Consolidated Statements of Operations (unaudited), (iii) the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss (unaudited), (iv) the Consolidated Statement of Stockholders' Equity (unaudited), (v) the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (unaudited), and (vi) the Notes to Consolidated Interim Financial Statements (unaudited).
X
104 Cover Page Interactive Data File (embedded within the Inline XBRL document)X
* Indicates management contract or compensatory plan
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SIGNATURE
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
Date: May 10, 2022
KVH Industries, Inc.
By:/s/ ROGER A. KUEBEL
Roger A. Kuebel
(Duly Authorized Officer and Chief Financial
Officer)
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