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EGHT 8X8

Filed: 3 Aug 18, 4:09pm


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549



FORM 10-Q


[X] QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2018

OR

[  ] TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from ________to _________

Commission file number 000-21783

8X8, INC.
(Exact name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)

 

Delaware
77-0142404
  (State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation or Organization) 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification Number)

2125 O'Nel Drive
San Jose, CA  95131
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

(408) 727-1885
(Registrant's Telephone Number, including Area Code)

      Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15 (d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.   x YES     ¨ NO   

      Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).     YES  x     NO  ¨

      Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company" and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer   x

Accelerated filer   ¨

Non-accelerated filer   ¨
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

Smaller reporting company   ¨

Emerging growth company   ¨

      If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.   ¨

      Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). YES   ¨        NO   x

      The number of shares of the Registrant's Common Stock outstanding as of July 30, 2018 was 93,321,888.



FORM 10-Q
TABLE OF CONTENTS

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATIONPage No.
    
Item 1. Financial Statements (unaudited):
 
    
           Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets at June 30, 2018 and March 31, 2018
2
    
           Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three
           months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017
3
    
           Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss) for the three
           months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017
4
    
           Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three months
           ended June 30, 2018 and 2017
5
    
           Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
6
    
Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
18
    
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
22
    
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
23
    
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
 
    
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
23
    
Item 1A. Risk Factors
24
    
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
24
    
Item 5. Other Information
24
    
Item 6. Exhibits
25
    
Signature
26

1


Part I -- FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

8X8, Inc.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, unaudited)

   June 30,  March 31,
   2018  2018
ASSETS      
Current assets:      
     Cash and cash equivalents $34,557  $31,703 
     Short-term investments  109,903   120,559 
     Accounts receivable, net  17,725   16,296 
     Deferred sales commission costs  12,706   
     Other current assets  11,131   10,040 
          Total current assets  186,022   178,598 
Property and equipment, net  38,100   35,732 
Intangible assets, net  13,610   11,958 
Goodwill  39,651   40,054 
Restricted cash  8,100   8,100 
Deferred sales commission costs, noncurrent  27,041   
Other assets  3,027   2,767 
               Total assets $315,551  $277,209 
       
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY      
Current liabilities:      
     Accounts payable $26,900  $23,899 
     Accrued compensation  16,366   17,412 
     Accrued taxes  7,930   6,367 
     Deferred revenue  2,838   2,559 
     Other accrued liabilities  6,688   6,026 
          Total current liabilities  60,722   56,263 
       
Non-current liabilities  2,987   2,172 
Total liabilities  63,709   58,435 
       
Commitments and contingencies (Note 6)      
       
Stockholders' equity:      
     Common stock  92   93 
     Additional paid-in capital  435,872   425,790 
     Accumulated other comprehensive loss  (7,204)  (5,645)
     Accumulated deficit  (176,918)  (201,464)
          Total stockholders' equity  251,842   218,774 
               Total liabilities and stockholders' equity $315,551  $277,209 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

2


8X8, Inc.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(In thousands, except per share amounts; unaudited)

   Three Months Ended
   June 30,
   2018  2017
Service revenue $78,121  $65,091 
Product revenue  5,104   4,007 
          Total revenue  83,225   69,098 
       
Operating expenses:      
     Cost of service revenue  15,079   11,662 
     Cost of product revenue  6,281   4,884 
     Research and development  13,110   7,943 
     Sales and marketing  53,305   41,110 
     General and administrative  11,433   8,956 
          Total operating expenses  99,208   74,555 
Loss from operations  (15,983)  (5,457)
Other income, net  719   2,052 
Loss before provision (benefit) for income taxes  (15,264)  (3,405)
Provision (benefit) for income taxes  91   (1,236)
Net loss $(15,355) $(2,169)
       
Net loss per share:      
     Basic $(0.16) $(0.02)
     Diluted $(0.16) $(0.02)
Weighted average number of shares:      
     Basic  93,064   91,643 
     Diluted  93,064   91,643 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

3


8X8, Inc.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(In thousands, unaudited)

   Three Months Ended
   June 30,
   2018  2017
Net loss $(15,355) $(2,169)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax      
     Unrealized gain on investments in securities  113   27 
     Foreign currency translation adjustment  (1,672)  1,791 
Comprehensive loss $(16,914) $(351)

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

4


8X8, Inc.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In thousands, unaudited)

   Three Months Ended
   June 30,
   2018  2017
Cash flows from operating activities:      
Net loss $(15,355) $(2,169)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:      
     Depreciation  2,061   1,897 
     Amortization of intangible assets  1,432   1,522 
     Amortization of capitalized software  1,685   308 
     Non-cash lease expenses  1,200    
     Stock-based compensation  8,911   6,351 
     Deferred income tax benefit    (1,492)
     Gain on escrow settlement    (1,393)
     Other  372   101 
Changes in assets and liabilities:      
     Accounts receivable, net  (1,497)  (147)
     Deferred sales commission costs  (1,799)   
     Other current and noncurrent assets  (419)  (1,623)
     Accounts payable and accruals  3,905   2,889 
     Deferred revenue  293   (61)
               Net cash provided by operating activities  789   6,183 
       
Cash flows from investing activities:      
     Purchases of property and equipment  (1,223)  (2,293)
     Purchase of business  (2,625)  
     Proceeds from escrow settlement    1,393 
     Cost of capitalized software  (5,112)  (2,122)
     Proceeds from maturity of investments  18,400   25,450 
     Sales of investments - available for sale  11,914   5,252 
     Purchases of investments - available for sale  (19,534)  (21,327)
               Net cash provided by investing activities  1,820   6,353 
       
Cash flows from financing activities:      
     Capital lease payments  (277)  (351)
     Repurchase and tax-related withholding of common stock  (229)  (1,054)
     Proceeds from issuance of common stock under employee stock plans  1,007   720 
               Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities  501   (685)
       
     Effect of exchange rate changes on cash  (256)  294 
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents  2,854   12,145 
       
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at the beginning of the period  39,803   41,030 
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at the end of the period $42,657  $53,175 
       
Supplemental cash flow information      
     Income taxes paid $127  $69 
     Interest paid    
     Property and equipment acquired under capital leases    765 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

5


8X8, Inc.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

1. DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS AND SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS

The Company is a leading provider of enterprise cloud communications solutions, including unified communications, team collaboration, contact center, and analytics, integrated over a single Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) platform. The 8x8 Communications CloudTM offers businesses a secure, reliable and simplified approach to transitioning their legacy, on-premises communications systems to the cloud. This comprehensive solution, built from owned and managed cloud technologies, enables customers to rely on a single provider for their global communications and contact center capabilities as well as customer support requirements. 8x8 customers are spread across more than 100 countries and range from small businesses to large enterprises.

BASIS OF PRESENTATION

The Company's fiscal year ends on March 31 of each calendar year. Each reference to a fiscal year in these notes to the consolidated financial statements refers to the fiscal year ended March 31 of the calendar year indicated (for example, fiscal 2019 refers to the fiscal year ending March 31, 2019).

The accompanying interim condensed consolidated financial statements are unaudited and have been prepared on substantially the same basis as our annual consolidated financial statements for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2018, with the exception of new revenue recognition guidance discussed in the recently adopted accounting principles section below. In the opinion of the Company's management, these interim condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring adjustments) considered necessary for a fair statement of our financial position, results of operations, and cash flows for the periods presented. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the condensed consolidated financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting periods. Actual results could differ from these estimates.

The March 31, 2018 year-end condensed consolidated balance sheet data in this document were derived from audited consolidated financial statements and does not include all of the disclosures required by U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company's audited consolidated financial statements as of and for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2018 and notes thereto included in the Company's fiscal 2018 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

The results of operations and cash flows for the interim periods included in these condensed consolidated financial statements are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for any future period or the entire fiscal year.

ACQUISITION

In April 2018, the Company entered into an asset purchase agreement with MarianaIQ, Inc. The total aggregate purchase price was $3.5 million, consisting of approximately $2.6 million paid at closing and $0.9 million in cash deposited into escrow to be held for fifteen months as security against indemnity claims made by the Company after the closing date. See Note 11 for additional information.

PRINCIPLES OF CONSOLIDATION

The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of 8x8 and its subsidiaries. All material intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated.

SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

The significant accounting policies used in preparation of these condensed consolidated financial statements are disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2018 filed with the SEC on May 30, 2018, and there have been no changes to the Company's significant accounting policies during the three months ended June 30, 2018 except for the accounting policies described below that were updated as a result of adopting Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers: Topic 606 (ASU 2014-09 or ASC 606). ASU 2014-09 also included Subtopic 340-40,Other Assets and Deferred Costs - Contracts with Customers,which sets forth the requirement of deferring incremental costs of obtaining a contract with a customer. All amounts and disclosures set forth herein are in compliance with these standards.

6


RECENTLY ADOPTED ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS

In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued ASU 2014-09, which replaces numerous requirements in U.S. GAAP and provide companies with a single revenue recognition model for recognizing revenue from contracts with customers. ASC 606 requires an entity to recognize the amount of revenue to which it expects to be entitled for the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. It defines a five-step process to achieve this core principle and, in doing so, more judgment and estimates are required with the revenue recognition process than were required under the previous guidance (ASC 605).

The new standard permits the use of either the full retrospective or modified retrospective transition method. The Company adopted the new standard effective April 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective method. Under the modified retrospective method, the comparative periods' information is not restated and continues to be reported under the accounting standards in effect in those prior periods. Instead, on April 1, 2018, the Company recognized the cumulative effect of initially applying ASC 606 as an adjustment to the opening balance of accumulated deficit and the corresponding balance sheet accounts, which resulted in a net decrease to accumulated deficit of $39.9 million. The impact on the Company's opening balances primarily relates to the capitalization of additional commission costs under ASC 606 in the amount of $38.2 million. Under ASC 605, the Company expensed all commission costs as incurred. Under the ASC 606, the Company defers all incremental commission costs to obtain the contract and amortizes these costs over a period of benefit of five years. The remaining $1.7 million impact of adopting the standard relates to revenue being recognized earlier under ASC 606 than it would have been under ASC 605. See Note 2 for additional impact and transition disclosures.

In January 2016, the FASB issuedASU No. 2016-01Financial Instruments-Overall (Subtopic 825-10): Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities, which amends various aspects of the recognition, measurement, presentation, and disclosure of financial instruments This amendment is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Therefore, the Company has prospectively adopted this new standard on April 1, 2018. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements.

In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments, which provides guidance on how certain cash receipts and cash payments are to be presented and classified in the statement of cash flows. This amendment is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Therefore, the Company has prospectively adopted this new standard on April 1, 2018. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on the consolidated statement of cash flows.

In October 2016, the FASB has issued ASU No. 2016-16, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other Than Inventory, which provides guidance on how an entity should recognize the income tax consequences of an intra-entity transfer of an asset other than inventory when the transfer occurs. This amendment is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Therefore, the Company has prospectively adopted this new standard on April 1, 2018. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements.

RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), which requires companies to generally recognize on the balance sheet operating and financing lease liabilities and corresponding right-of-use assets. The update also requires qualitative and quantitative disclosures designed to assess the amount, timing, and uncertainty of cash flows arising from leases.  The update requires the use of a modified retrospective transition approach, which includes a number of optional practical expedients that entities may elect to apply. This amendment is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently assessing the impact of this pronouncement to its consolidated financial statements.

In June 2018, the FASB issued 2018-07,Compensation-Stock Compensation (Topic 718), which now provides guidance for share-based payments to non-employees, resulting in alignment in accounting for employees and non-employees. The amendment is effective for public companies with fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently assessing the impact of this pronouncement to its consolidated financial statements.

7


2. REVENUE RECOGNITION

Revenue Recognition under ASC 606

The Company recognizes service revenue, mainly from subscription services to its cloud-based voice, call center, video and collaboration solutions using the five-step model as prescribed by ASC 606:

  • Identification of the contract, or contracts, with a customer;
  • Identification of the performance obligations in the contract;
  • Determination of the transaction price;
  • Allocation of the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract; and
  • Recognition of revenue when or as, the Company satisfies a performance obligation.

The Company identifies performance obligations in contracts with customers, which may include subscription services and related usage, product revenue and professional services. The transaction price is determined based on the amount expected to be entitled to in exchange for transferring the promised services or product to the customer. The Transaction price in the contract is allocated to each distinct performance obligation in an amount that represents the relative amount of consideration expected to be received in exchange for satisfying each performance obligation. Revenue is recognized when performance obligations are satisfied. Revenues are recorded based on the transaction price excluding amounts collected on behalf of third parties such as sales and telecommunication taxes, which are collected on behalf of and remitted to governmental authorities. The Company usually bills its customers on a monthly basis. Contracts typically range from annual to multi-year agreements with payment terms of net 30 days or less. The Company occasionally allows a 30-day period to cancel a subscription and return products shipped for a full refund.

Judgement and Estimates

The estimation of variable consideration for each performance obligation requires the Company to make subjective judgments. The Company has service-level agreements with customers warranting defined levels of uptime reliability and performance. Customers may get credits or refunds if the Company fails to meet such levels. If the services do not meet certain criteria, fees are subject to adjustment or refund representing a form of variable consideration. The Company also imposes minimum revenue commitments (MRC) on its customers at the inception of the contract. Thus, in estimating variable consideration for each of these performance obligations, the Company assesses both the probability of (MRC) occurring and the collectability of the MRC, of which both represent a form of variable consideration.

The Company enters into contracts with customers that regularly include promises to transfer multiple service and products, such as subscriptions, product, and professional services. For arrangements with multiple services, the Company evaluates whether the individual services qualify as distinct performance obligations. In its assessment of whether a service is a distinct performance obligation, the Company determines whether the customer can benefit from the service on its own or with other readily available resources and whether the service is separately identifiable from other services in the contract. This evaluation requires the Company to assess the nature of each individual service offering and how the services are provided in the context of the contract, including whether the services are significantly integrated, highly interrelated, or significantly modify each other, which may require judgment based on the facts and circumstances of the contract.

When agreements involve multiple distinct performance obligations, the Company allocates arrangement consideration to all performance obligations at the inception of an arrangement based on the relative standalone selling prices (SSP) of each performance obligation. Where the Company has standalone sales data for its performance obligations which are indicative of the price at which the Company sells a promised good or service separately to a customer, such data is used to establish SSP. In instances where standalone sales data is not available for a particular performance obligation, the Company estimates SSP by the use of observable market and cost-based inputs. The Company continues to review the factors used to establish list price and will adjust standalone selling price methodologies as necessary on a prospective basis.

Service Revenue

Service revenue from software subscriptions to the Company's cloud-based technology platform is recognized over time on a ratable basis over the contractual subscription term beginning on the date that the subscription is made available to the customer. Payments received in advance of subscription services being rendered are recorded as a deferred revenue. Usage fees, either bundled or not bundled, are recognized when the Company has a right to invoice. Professional services for configuration, system integration, optimization or education are primarily billed on a fixed-fee basis and are performed by the Company directly or, alternatively, clients may also choose to perform these services themselves or engage their own third-party service providers. Professional services revenue is recognized over time, generally as customer sites go live.

8


When a contract with a customer is signed, the Company assesses whether collection of the fees under the arrangement is probable. The Company estimates the amount to reserve for uncollectible amounts at the end of each reporting period based on the aging of the contract balance, current and historical customer trends, and communications with its customers. These reserves are recorded against the contract asset (Accounts Receivable). The Company also records reductions to revenue for estimated customer credits at the end of each reporting period. Customer credits are estimated based on current and historical customer trends, and communications with its customers.

Product Revenue

The Company recognizes product revenue at a point in time, when transfer of control has occurred, which is generally when delivery has occurred.

Sales returns are recorded as a reduction to revenue based on historical experience.

Contract Assets

Contract assets are recorded for those parts of the contract consideration not yet invoiced but for which the performance obligations are completed. The revenue is recognized the customer receives services or equipment for a reduced consideration at the onset of an arrangement, for example when the initial month's services or equipment are discounted. Contract assets are included other current assets in the condensed consolidated balance sheets

Deferred Revenue

Deferred revenues represent billings or payments received in advance of revenue recognition and is recognized upon transfer of control. Balances consist primarily of annual plan subscription services and professional and training services not yet provided as of the balance sheet date. Deferred revenues that will be recognized during the succeeding 12-month period are recorded as current deferred revenues in the condensed consolidated balance sheets, with the remainder recorded as other non-current liabilities in the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

Costs to Obtain a Customer Contract

Sales commissions and related expenses are considered incremental and recoverable costs of acquiring customer contracts. These costs are capitalized and amortized on a straight-line basis over the anticipated benefit period, which is five years. The benefit period was estimated by taking into consideration the length of customer contracts, technology lifecycle, and other factors. This amortization expense is recorded in sales and marketing expense within the Company's condensed consolidated statement of operations.

Practical Expedients

The Company applies a practical expedient that permits the Company to apply Subtopic 340-40 to a single portfolio of contracts, as they are similar in their characteristics, and the financial statement effects of applying Subtopic 340-40 to that portfolio would not differ materially from applying it to the individual contracts within that portfolio.

Adoption Impact of ASC 606

The Company recognized the cumulative effect of initially applying ASC 606 as an adjustment to retained earnings in the condensed consolidated balance sheet as of April 1, 2018 (in thousands).

     Adjustments   
  Balance at Due to Balance at
  March 31, 2018 ASC 606 April 1, 2018
Current assets:         
     Deferred sales commission costs $ $11,234 $ 11,234 
     Other current assets $10,040  $1,725 $ 11,765 
Non-current assets:         
     Deferred sales commission costs $ $26,942 $ 26,942 
Stockholders' Equity         
     Accumulated deficit $(201,464) $39,901 $ (161,563)

9


The following tables summarize the impacts of ASC 606 adoption on the Company's condensed consolidated financial statements for the quarter ended June 30, 2018.

Selected Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet Line Items (in thousands):

  June 30, 2018 
        (As Reported) 
  ASC 605 Adjustments ASC 606 
Current assets:          
     Deferred sales commission costs $ $12,706  $12,706  
     Other current assets $9,434  $1,697  $11,131  
Non-current assets:          
     Deferred sales commission costs $ $27,041  $27,041  
Stockholders' Equity ��        
     Accumulated deficit $(218,362) $41,444  $(176,918) 

Selected Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations Line Items (in thousands, except per share amounts):

  June 30, 2018 
        (As Reported) 
  ASC 605 Adjustments ASC 606 
Service revenue $78,242  $(121) $78,121  
Product revenue  5,011   93   5,104  
     Total revenue  $83,253  $(28) $83,225  
Operating expenses:          
Sales and marketing $55,104  $(1,799) $53,305  
Loss from operations  $(17,754) $1,771  $(15,983) 
Net loss $(17,126) $1,771  $(15,355) 
           
Net loss per share:          
     Basic and Diluted $(0.18) $0.02  $(0.16) 

Selected Condensed Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows Line Items (in thousands):

  June 30, 2018
        (As Reported)
  ASC 605 Adjustments ASC 606
Net loss $(17,126) $1,771 $ (15,355)
Deferred sales commission costs $ $(1,799)$ (1,799)
Other current and noncurrent assets $(447) $28 $ (419)
Net cash provided by operating activities $789  $$ 789 

Disaggregation of Revenue

The Company disaggregates its revenue by geographic region. See Note 10 for more information.

10


Contract Balances

The following table provides information about receivables, contract assets and deferred revenues from contracts with customers (in thousands):

   June 30, 2018
Accounts receivable, net $17,725 
Other current assets $1,697 
Deferred revenue - current $2,838 
Deferred revenue - noncurrent $16 

Changes in the contract assets and the deferred revenues balances during the three months ended June 30, 2018 are as follows (in thousands):

  April 1, 2018 June 30, 2018 $ Change
Other current assets $1,725  $1,697  $(28)
Deferred revenue $2,578  $2,854  $276 

The decrease in contract assets was primarily driven by the recognition of revenue that has not yet been billed. The increase in deferred revenues was due to billings in advance of performance obligations being satisfied. During the three months ended June 30, 2018, $1.4 million of revenue recognized was included in the deferred revenues balance at the beginning of the period, which was offset by additional deferrals during the period.

Remaining Performance Obligations

The Company's subscription terms range from one to three years. Contract revenue as of June 30, 2018, that has not yet been recognized was approximately $130 million. This excludes contracts with an original expected length of one year or less. The Company expects to recognize revenue on the vast majority of the remaining performance obligation over the next 24 months.  

3. FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS

Cash, cash equivalents, and available-for-sale investments (in thousands):

      Gross  Gross     Cash and   
   Amortized  Unrealized  Unrealized  Estimated  Cash  Short-Term
As of June 30, 2018  Costs  Gain  Loss  Fair Value  Equivalents  Investments
     Cash $13,051  $ $ $13,051  $13,051  $
Level 1:                  
     Money market funds  21,506       21,506   21,506   
          Subtotal  34,557       34,557   34,557   
Level 2:                  
     Commercial paper  3,199       3,199     3,199 
     Corporate debt  72,400   12   (221)  72,191     72,191 
     Municipal securities  3,392       3,393     3,393 
     Asset backed securities  24,552     (92)  24,460     24,460 
     Agency bond  4,202     (39)  4,163     4,163 
     International government securities  2,499     (2)  2,497     2,497 
          Subtotal  110,244   13   (354)  109,903     109,903 
          Total assets $144,801  $13  $(354) $144,460  $34,557  $109,903 

11


      Gross  Gross     Cash and   
   Amortized  Unrealized  Unrealized  Estimated  Cash  Short-Term
As of March 31, 2018  Costs  Gain  Loss  Fair Value  Equivalents  Investments
     Cash $16,499  $ $ $16,499  $16,499  $
Level 1:                  
     Money market funds  15,204       15,204   15,204   
          Subtotal  31,703       31,703   31,703   
Level 2:                  
     Commercial paper  13,254     (8)  13,246     13,246 
     Corporate debt  70,631     (296)  70,341     70,341 
     Municipal securities  3,385     (1)  3,387     3,387 
     Asset backed securities  27,063     (119)  26,945     26,945 
     Agency bond  4,183     (35)  4,148     4,148 
     International government securities  2,497     (5)  2,492     2,492 
          Subtotal  121,013   10   (464)  120,559     120,559 
          Total assets $152,716  $10  $(464) $152,262  $31,703  $120,559 

Contractual maturities of investments as of June 30, 2018 are set forth below (in thousands):

   Estimated
   Fair Value
Due within one year $54,153 
Due after one year  55,750 
     Total $109,903 

4. INTANGIBLE ASSETS

The carrying value of intangible assets consisted of the following (in thousands):

   June 30, 2018  March 31, 2018
   Gross     Net  Gross     Net
   Carrying  Accumulated  Carrying  Carrying  Accumulated  Carrying
   Amount  Amortization  Amount  Amount  Amortization  Amount
Technology $22,902  $(11,645) $11,257  $19,702  $(10,535) $9,167 
Customer relationships  9,655   (7,587)  2,068   9,776   (7,366)  2,410 
Trade names/domains  2,108   (1,823)  285   2,108   (1,727)  381 
In-process research and development  95   (95)    95   (95)  
     Total acquired identifiable intangible assets $34,760  $(21,150) $13,610  $31,681  $(19,723) $11,958 

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At June 30, 2018, annual amortization of intangible assets, based upon our existing intangible assets and current useful lives, is estimated to be the following (in thousands):

   Amount
Remaining 2019 $4,689 
2020  4,716 
2021  2,554 
2022  1,423 
2023  228 
Total $13,610 

5. GOODWILL

The following table provides a summary of the changes in the carrying amounts of goodwill by reporting segment (in thousands):

   Americas  Europe  Total
Balance at March 31, 2018 $27,309  $12,745  $40,054 
     Additions due to acquisition  300     300 
     Foreign currency translation    (703)  (703)
Balance at June 30, 2018 $27,609  $12,042  $39,651 

6. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

Facility and Equipment Leases

The Company leases its headquarters in San Jose, California, and also leases office space under non-cancelable operating leases in various domestic and international locations. During the first quarter of fiscal 2019 as it commenced the build-out of its new corporate headquarters, the Company began to record additional straight-line rent expenses. Total rent expense for the three months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017 was $2.6 million and $1.4 million, respectively. Future minimum annual lease payments as of June 30, 2018 were as follows (in thousands):

   Amount
Remaining 2019 $4,314 
2020  6,622 
2021  8,961 
2022  8,848 
2023  8,353 
     Thereafter  54,724 
     Total $91,822 

The Company has entered into a series of noncancelable capital lease agreements for data center and office equipment bearing interest at various rates.

Other Commitments, Indemnifications and Contingencies

There were no material changes in our other commitments under contractual obligations, indemnification and other contingencies since March 31, 2018.

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Legal Proceedings

The Company, from time to time, is involved in various legal claims or litigation, including patent infringement claims that can arise in the normal course of the Company's operations. Pending or future litigation could be costly, could cause the diversion of management's attention and could upon resolution, have a material adverse effect on the Company's business, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.

7. STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION

The following table summarizes information pertaining to the stock-based compensation expense from stock options and stock awards (in thousands, except weighted-average grant-date fair value and recognition period):

   Three Months Ended
   June 30,
   2018  2017
Cost of service revenue $458  $391 
Cost of product revenue    
Research and development  2,194   1,337 
Sales and marketing  3,845   2,647 
General and administrative  2,414   1,976 
     Total $8,911  $6,351 

 

   Three Months Ended
   June 30,
   2018  2017
Stock options outstanding at the beginning of the period:  3,998   4,462 
     Options granted  81   35 
     Options exercised   (115)  (101)
     Options canceled and forfeited  (73)  (48)
Options outstanding at the end of the period:  3,891   4,348 
     Weighted-average fair value of grants during the period $8.57  $4.93 
     Total intrinsic value of options exercised during the period $1,186  $792 
     Weighted-average remaining recognition period at period-end (in years)   2.35   1.92 
       
Stock awards outstanding at the beginning of the period:  5,939   4,950 
     Stock awards granted  948   370 
     Stock awards exercised   (299)  (189)
     Stock awards canceled and forfeited  (168)  (128)
Stock awards outstanding at the end of the period:   6,420   5,003 
     Weighted-average fair value of grants during the period $22.20  $13.50 
     Weighted-average remaining recognition period at period-end (in years)   2.40   2.45 
       
Total unrecognized compensation expense at period-end $67,025  $46,171 

Stock Repurchases

In May 2017, the Company's board of directors authorized the Company to purchase $25.0 million of its common stock from time to time under the 2017 Repurchase Plan (the "2017 Plan"). The 2017 Plan expires when the maximum purchase amount is reached, or upon the earlier revocation or termination by the board of directors. The remaining amount available under the 2017 Plan at June 30, 2018 was approximately $7.1 million. There were no stock repurchases under the 2017 Plan during the three month period ended June 30, 2018.

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8. INCOME TAXES

The Company's effective tax rate was -0.6% and 36.3% for the three months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. The effective tax rate is calculated by dividing the income tax provision by net income before income tax expense. The difference in the effective tax rate and the U.S. federal statutory rate was due primarily to the change in pretax profitability, and geographic mix of profits and losses and the full valuation allowance recorded during fiscal 2018.

9. NET INCOME (LOSS) PER SHARE

The following is a reconciliation of the weighted average number of common shares outstanding used in calculating basic and diluted net loss per share (in thousands, except share and per share data):

   Three Months Ended
   June 30,
   2018  2017
Numerator:      
Net loss available to common stockholders $(15,355) $(2,169)
       
Denominator:      
Common shares - basic and diluted  93,064   91,643 
       
Net loss per share      
     Basic  $(0.16) $(0.02)
     Diluted  $(0.16) $(0.02)

The following shares attributable to outstanding stock options and stock awards were excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share because their inclusion would have been antidilutive (in thousands):

   Three Months Ended
   June 30,
   2018  2017
Stock options  3,891   4,348 
Stock awards  6,420   5,003 
Total anti-dilutive shares  10,311   9,351 

10. SEGMENT REPORTING AND GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION

The Company manages its operations primarily on a geographic basis. The Chief Executive Officer, the Chief Financial Officer, and the Chief Technology Officer or the Company's Chief Operating Decision Makers (CODMs), evaluate performance of the Company and make decisions regarding allocation of resources based on geographic results. The Company's reportable segments are the Americas and Europe. The Americas segment is primarily North America. The Europe segment is primarily the United Kingdom. Each operating segment provides similar products and services.

Revenues are attributed to each segment based on the ordering location of the customer or ship to location.

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The following tables set forth the segment and geographic information for each period (in thousands):

   Revenue for the
   Three Months Ended
   June 30,
   2018  2017
Americas (principally US) $74,986  $62,405 
Europe (principally UK)  8,239   6,693 
  $83,225  $69,098 

Revenue is based upon the destination of shipments and the customers' service address. For the three months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, intersegment revenues of approximately $6.6 million and $2.5 million, respectively, were eliminated in consolidation, and have been excluded from the table above.

   Depreciation and
   Amortization for the
   Three Months Ended
   June 30,
   2018  2017
Americas (principally US) $4,307  $2,533 
Europe (principally UK)  871   1,194 
  $5,178  $3,727 

 

   Net Income (Loss) for the
   Three Months Ended
   June 30,
   2018  2017
Americas (principally US) $(14,349) $409 
Europe (principally UK)  (1,006)  (2,578)
  $(15,355) $(2,169)

 

   June 30, 2018  March 31, 2018
   Total  Property and  Total  Property and
   Assets  Equipment, net  Assets  Equipment, net
Americas (principally US) $271,043  $30,293  $240,099  $27,270 
Europe (principally UK)  44,508   7,807   37,110   8,462 
  $315,551  $38,100  $277,209  $35,732 

11. ACQUISITIONS

MarianaIQ

On April 12, 2018, the Company entered into an Asset Purchase Agreement (the "Agreement") with MarianaIQ Inc. (MarianaIQ) for the purchase of certain assets of MarianaIQ. The total aggregate purchase price was $3.5 million, consisting of approximately $2.6 million in cash paid to MarianaIQ at closing, and $0.9 million in cash to be held in escrow by the Company for fifteen months, as security against indemnity claims asserted by the Company after the closing date. The escrow amount is recorded as other accrued liabilities on the condensed consolidated balance sheets as of June 30, 2018.

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The Company recorded the acquired developed technology as an identifiable intangible asset with an estimated useful life of two years. The fair value of the technology was based on estimates and assumptions made by management using a cost approach method. The intangible asset is amortized on a straight-line basis over two years.

The excess of the consideration transferred over the aggregate fair value of the asset acquired was recorded as goodwill. The amount of goodwill recognized was primarily attributable to the expected contributions of the entity to the overall corporate strategy in addition to the acquired workforce.

The preliminary fair values of the assets acquired are as follows (in thousands):

   Fair Value
Assets acquired:   
     Intangible assets $3,200 
          Net identifiable assets acquired  3,200 
     Goodwill  300 
          Total consideration transferred $3,500 

MarianaIQ did not contribute to revenue or net loss for the period of acquisition to June 30, 2018. Goodwill recognized upon acquisition is expected to be deductible for income tax purposes and is included in the Americas reporting unit (see Note 5). Total acquisition costs were immaterial.

 

 

 

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ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Management Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act and Section 21E of the Exchange Act. Any statements contained herein that are not statements of historical fact may be deemed to be forward-looking statements. For example, words such as "may," "will," "should," "estimates," "predicts," "potential," "continue," "strategy," "believes," "anticipates," "plans," "expects," "intends," and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. You should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. Actual results and trends may differ materially from historical results or those projected in any such forward-looking statements depending on a variety of factors. These factors include, but are not limited to - market acceptance of new or existing services and features, customer acceptance and demand for our cloud communication and collaboration services, changes in the competitive dynamics of the markets in which we compete, the quality and reliability of our services, customer cancellations and rate of churn, our ability to scale our business, customer acquisition costs, our reliance on infrastructure of third-party network services providers, risk of failure in our physical infrastructure, risk of failure of our software, our ability to maintain the compatibility of our software with third-party applications and mobile platforms, continued compliance with industry standards and regulatory requirements in the United States and foreign countries in which we make our software solutions available, and the costs of such compliance, risks relating to our strategies and objectives for future operations, including the execution of integration plans and realization of the expected benefits of our acquisitions, the amount and timing of costs associated with recruiting, training and integrating new employees, timing and extent of improvements in operating results from increased spending in marketing, sales, and research and development, introduction and adoption of our cloud software solutions in markets outside of the United States, risk of cybersecurity breaches, general economic conditions that could adversely affect our business and operating results, implementation and effects of new accounting standards and policies in our reported financial results, and potential future intellectual property infringement claims and other litigation that could adversely affect our business and operating results.

All forward-looking statements included in this report are based on information available to us on the date hereof, and we assume no obligation to update any such forward-looking statements. In addition to the factors discussed elsewhere in this Form 10-Q, see the Risk Factors discussion in Item 1A of our 2018 Form 10-K. The forward-looking statements included in this Form 10-Q are made only as of the date of this report, and we undertake no obligation to update the forward-looking statements to reflect subsequent events or circumstances.

BUSINESS OVERVIEW

We are a leading provider of global cloud communications and customer engagement solutions to over a million business users worldwide. Our suite of products integrates cloud communications, conferencing, collaboration and contact center solutions so today's organization can deliver exceptional employee and customer experiences. Our technology provides one integrated platform for employees and customers engagement solutions, as well as a real-time data analytics platform for constant learning and improvement.

SUMMARY AND OUTLOOK

In the first quarter of fiscal 2019, our service revenue from mid-market and enterprise customers grew 28% year-over year and represented 61% of total service revenue. Average monthly service revenue per mid-market and enterprise business customer (ARPU) increased 8% to a record $4,953, compared with $4,592 in the same period last year. The increase resulted from our success in selling a greater number of subscriptions to larger, more established customers.

In July 2018, we announced general availability of 8x8 X Series -- a single cloud platform which delivers a system of intelligence for voice, video conferencing, contact center, team messaging and collaboration across mobile and desktop devices.  8x8 X Series is available in the U.S. and U.K. with multiple plans from X1 to X8 to meet different business needs for our small, mid-market and enterprise customers.

Our focus is on disrupting the market and pursuing the resulting opportunity. We will continue to invest in talent, marketing and demand generation activities, product innovation and global expansion to grow revenue, drive brand awareness, and deliver exceptional customer and employee engagement experiences to our customers through 8x8 X Series. We expect our operating expenses to grow materially in all categories as we continue to invest in accelerating revenue growth. In achieving these objectives, we face many risks, including those described under "RISK FACTORS", disclosed in our Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2018.

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RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our condensed consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto.

   June 30,  Dollar Percent
Service revenue  2018  2017  Change Change
   (dollar amounts in thousands)  
Three months ended $78,121  $65,091  $13,030  20.0%
Percentage of total revenue  93.9%  94.2%     

Service revenue consists primarily of our 8x8 cloud communication and collaboration services.

Service revenues increased for the three months ended June 30, 2018 compared with the same period of the previous fiscal year primarily due to an increase in our business customer subscriber base (net of customer churn), and an increase in the average monthly service revenue per customer. Average monthly service revenue per customer increased from $432 at June 30, 2017 to $480 at June 30, 2018.

We expect growth in the number of business customers and average monthly service revenue per customer to continue for the remainder of fiscal 2019.

   June 30,  Dollar Percent
Product revenue  2018  2017  Change Change
   (dollar amounts in thousands)  
Three months ended $5,104  $4,007  $1,097  27.4%
Percentage of total revenue  6.1%  5.8%     

Product revenue consists primarily of revenue from sales of IP telephones in conjunction with our 8x8 cloud communication service. Product revenue increased for the three months ended June 30, 2018, respectively, primarily due to an increase in equipment sales to business customers.

No customer represented greater than 10% of the Company's total revenues for the three months ended June 30, 2018 or 2017.

   June 30,  Dollar Percent
Cost of service revenue  2018  2017  Change Change
   (dollar amounts in thousands)  
Three months ended $15,079  $11,662  $3,417  29.3%
Percentage of service revenue  19.3%  17.9%     

The cost of service revenue primarily consists of costs associated with network operations and related personnel, communication origination and termination services provided by third-party carriers, and technology licenses.

Cost of service revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2018 increased over the comparable period in the prior fiscal year primarily due to a $1.4 million increase in amortization of intangibles and capitalized software expenses, a $1.0 million increase in third-party network services expenses, and a $0.4 million increase in payroll and related costs.

We expect cost of service revenue to remain at a consistent as a percentage of service revenue during the remainder of fiscal year 2019.

   June 30,  Dollar Percent
Cost of product revenue  2018  2017  Change Change
   (dollar amounts in thousands)  
Three months ended $6,281  $4,884  $1,397  28.6%
Percentage of product revenue  123.1%  121.9%     

The cost of product revenue consists primarily of telephones, estimated warranty obligations and direct and indirect costs associated with product purchasing, shipping and handling.

The cost of product revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2018 increased over the comparable period in the prior fiscal year primarily due to the increase in the number of telephones shipped to customers. The increase in negative margin was due to additional discounting of phones in the current period.

19


   June 30,  Dollar Percent
Research and development  2018  2017  Change Change
   (dollar amounts in thousands)  
Three months ended $13,110  $7,943  $5,167  65.1%
Percentage of total revenue  15.8%  11.5%     

Research and development expenses consist primarily of personnel, consulting, and equipment costs necessary for us to conduct our development and engineering efforts.

The research and development expenses for the three months ended June 30, 2018 increased over the comparable period in the prior fiscal year primarily due to a $2.4 million increase in payroll and related costs (primarily related to a department reclassification from sales and marketing), net of costs capitalized in accordance with ASC 350-40, a $1.3 million increase in consulting and outside services, a $0.8 million increase in stock-based compensation expense, a $0.4 million increase in purchased software expenses, as well as other smaller cost increases.

We expect research and development expenses to moderately increase as a percentage of total revenue during the remainder of fiscal year 2019 as we continue to invest in our product offerings.

   June 30,  Dollar Percent
Sales and marketing  2018  2017  Change Change
   (dollar amounts in thousands)  
Three months ended $53,305  $41,110  $12,195  29.7%
Percentage of total revenue  64.0%  59.5%     

Sales and marketing expenses consist primarily of personnel and related overhead costs for sales, marketing, and customer service which includes deployment engineering. Such costs also include outsourced customer service call center operations, sales commissions, as well as trade show, advertising and other marketing and promotional expenses.

Sales and marketing expenses for three months ended June 30, 2018 increased over the comparable period in the prior fiscal year primarily due to a $4.0 million increase in payroll and related costs (partially offset by a department reclassification to research and development), a $1.9 million increase in travel expenses, a $1.3 million increase in lead generation expenses, a $1.2 million increase in stock-based compensation costs, a $1.0 million increase in consulting, temporary personnel, and outside services, and a $0.6 million increase in recruiting expenses.

We expect sales and marketing expenses to remain consistent as a percentage of total revenue during the remainder of fiscal year 2019 as we continue to invest in the acquisition of customers.

   June 30,  Dollar Percent
General and administrative  2018  2017  Change Change
   (dollar amounts in thousands)  
Three months ended $11,433  $8,956  $2,477  27.7%
Percentage of total revenue  13.7%  13.0%     

General and administrative expenses consist primarily of personnel and related overhead costs for finance, human resources, legal and general management.

General and administrative expenses for three months ended June 30, 2018 increased over the comparable period in the prior fiscal year primarily due to a $1.2 million increase in rent expense related to our new headquarters, which we started to build out during the first quarter of fiscal 2019, and a $0.9 million increase related to payroll and related costs.

20


We expect general and administrative expenses to moderately increase as a percentage of total revenue during the remainder of fiscal year 2019 to support business growth.

   June 30,  Dollar Percent
Other income, net  2018  2017  Change Change
   (dollar amounts in thousands)  
Three months ended $719  $2,052  $(1,333) -65.0%
Percentage of total revenue  0.9%  3.0%     

Other income, net, primarily consisted of interest income earned on our cash, cash equivalents and investments and amortization or accretion of investments in fiscal years 2019 and 2018. During the first quarter of fiscal year 2018, $1.4 million of the cash held in an escrow fund from our 2015 acquisition of DXI was returned to us and recorded as other income.

   June 30,  Dollar  
Provision (benefit) for income tax  2018  2017  Change  
   (dollar amounts in thousands)  
Three months ended $91  $(1,236) $1,327 
Percentage of income (loss) before          
     provision (benefit) for income taxes  -0.6%  36.3%   

For the three months ended June 30, 2018, we recorded income tax expense of $0.1 million, related to state minimum taxes and income from our profitable operations. For the three months ended June 30, 2017, we recorded an income tax benefit of $1.2 million, related to loss from operations. Our effective tax rate was -0.6% and 36.3% for the three months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. The change in our effective tax rate was due primarily to the full valuation allowance recorded in fiscal 2018, the change in pretax profitability, and geographic mix of profits and losses.

We estimate our annual effective tax rate at the end of each quarter. In estimating the annual effective tax rate, we consider, among other things, annual pre-tax income, permanent tax differences, the geographic mix of pre-tax income and the application and interpretations of existing tax laws. We record the tax effect of certain discrete items, which are unusual or occur infrequently, in the interim period in which they occur, including changes in judgment about deferred tax valuation allowances. The determination of the effective tax rate reflects tax expense and benefit generated in certain domestic and foreign jurisdictions. However, jurisdictions with a year-to-date loss where no tax benefit can be recognized are excluded from the annual effective tax rate.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

As of June 30, 2018, we had $153 million in cash, restricted cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments.

Net cash provided by operating activities for the three months ended June 30, 2018 was approximately $0.8 million, compared with $6.2 million for the three months ended June 30, 2017. Cash provided by operating activities has historically been affected by the amount of net income (loss), changes in working capital accounts particularly in the timing and collection of payments, add-backs of non-cash expense items such as deferred taxes, depreciation and amortization, and with stock-based compensation.

21


The net cash provided by investing activities for the three months ended June 30, 2018 was $1.8 million, during which we had proceeds from maturity and sale of short term investments of approximately $10.8 million, net of purchases of short term investments, capitalized $5.1 million of software costs in accordance with ASC 350-40, invested in $2.6 million in the acquisition of MarianaIQ, and spent approximately $1.2 million on the purchase of property and equipment. The net cash provided by investing activities for the three months ended June 30, 2017 was $6.4 million, during which we had proceeds from maturity and sale of short term investments of $9.4 million, net of purchases of short term investments. We spent approximately $2.3 million on the purchase of property and equipment, and we capitalized $2.1 million of internal use software.

Net cash provided by financing activities for the three months ended June 30, 2018 was $0.5 million, which consisted of $1.0 million of cash received from the issuance of common stock under our employee stock plans, offset by $0.3 million of capital lease payments and $0.2 million of repurchases of our common stock related to shares withheld for payroll taxes. Net cash used in financing activities for the three months ended June 30, 2017 was $0.7 million, which consisted of by $1.1 million of repurchases of our common stock related to shares withheld for payroll taxes, $0.4 million of payments on capital leases, offset by $0.7 million of cash received from the issuance of common stock under our employee stock plans.

Contractual Obligations

There were no significant changes in our commitments under contractual obligations during the three months ended June 30, 2018, as disclosed in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K, for the year ended March 31, 2018.

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES & ESTIMATES

The discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based upon our condensed consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses, and related disclosure of assets and liabilities. On an on-going basis, we evaluate our critical accounting policies and estimates. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

There have been no significant changes during the three months ended June 30, 2018 to our critical accounting policies and estimates previously disclosed in our Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2018, except for our adoption of ASC 606 as discussed in Notes 1 and 2 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

RECENTLY ADOPTED ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS

See Item 1 of Part I, "Financial Statements - Note 1 - Basis of Presentation - Recent Adopted Accounting Pronouncements."

RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS

See Item 1 of Part I, "Financial Statements - Note 1 - Basis of Presentation - Recent Accounting Pronouncements."

ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

Interest Rate Fluctuation Risk

The primary objective of our investment activities is to preserve principal while maximizing income without significantly increasing risk. Some of the securities in which we invest may be subject to market risk. This means that a change in prevailing interest rates may cause the principal amount of the investment to fluctuate. To minimize this risk, we may maintain our portfolio of cash equivalents and investments in a variety of shorter term securities, including commercial paper, money market funds, debt securities and certificates of deposit. The risk associated with fluctuating interest rates is limited to our investment portfolio and we do not believe that a hypothetical change in interest rates of 100 basis points would have a significant impact on our interest income.

We do not have any outstanding debt instruments other than equipment under capital leases and, therefore, we were not exposed to market risk relating to interest rates.

22


Foreign Currency Exchange Risk

We have foreign currency risks related to our revenue and operating expenses denominated in currencies other than the U.S. dollar, primarily the British Pound, causing both our revenue and our operating results to be impacted by fluctuations in the exchange rates.

Gains or losses from the translation of certain cash balances, accounts receivable balances and intercompany balances that are denominated in these currencies impact our net income (loss). A hypothetical decrease in all foreign currencies against the US dollar of 10 percent, would not result in a material foreign currency loss on foreign-denominated balances. As our foreign operations expand, our results may be more impacted by fluctuations in the exchange rates of the currencies in which we do business.

At this time, we do not, but we may in the future, enter into financial instruments to hedge our foreign currency exchange risk.

ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

Evaluation of Effectiveness of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

We maintain disclosure controls and procedures as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (Disclosure Controls) that are designed to ensure that information we are required to disclose in reports filed or submitted under the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934 is accumulated and communicated to management, including our principal executive and principal financial officers, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure, and that such information is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in Securities and Exchange Commission rules and forms.

As of the end of the period covered by this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, under the supervision of our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer, we evaluated the effectiveness of our Disclosure Controls. Based on this evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer have concluded that our Disclosure Controls were effective as of June 30, 2018.

Limitations on the Effectiveness of Controls

Our management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, do not expect that our Disclosure Controls or internal control over financial reporting will prevent all errors and all fraud. A control system, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the control system's objectives will be met. Further, the design of a control system must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints, and the benefits of controls must be considered relative to their costs. Because of the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, have been detected.

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

During the first quarter of fiscal year 2019, there were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

PART II -- OTHER INFORMATION

ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

From time to time, we become involved in various legal claims and litigation that arise in the normal course of our operations. While the results of such claims and litigation cannot be predicted with certainty, we are not currently aware of any such matters that we believe would have a material adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

As of August 2, 2018, the Company was not a party in any material litigation matter.

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ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

We face many significant risks in our business, some of which are unknown to us and not presently foreseen. These risks could have a material adverse impact on our business, financial condition and results of operations in the future. We have disclosed a number of material risks under Part I, Item 1A of our annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2018, which we filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on May 30, 2018. There have been no material changes from the risk factors described in our Form 10-K.

ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

The activity under the Repurchase Plan for the three months ended June 30, 2018 is summarized as follows:

        Total Number  Approximate Dollar
   Total Number  Average of Shares Purchased  Value of Shares that
   of Shares  Price Paid as Part of Publicly  May Yet be Purchased
   Purchased  Per Share Announced Program  Under the Program
             
April 1 - April 30, 2018   $  $7,100,000 
            
May 1 - May 31, 2018   $  $7,100,000 
            
June 1 - June 30, 2018   $  $7,100,000 
            
Total   $    

ITEM 5. OTHER INFORMATION

None.

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ITEM 6. EXHIBITS

Exhibit
Number


Description


31.1 

Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Rules 13a-14 and 15d-14 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

31.2 

Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Rules 13a-14 and 15d-14 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

32.1 

Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

32.2 

Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

101.INS

XBRL Instance Document

101.SCH

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema

101.CAL

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase

101.DEF

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase

101.LAB

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase

101.PRE

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase

 

 

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SIGNATURE

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

Date: August 3, 2018

8X8, INC. 

(Registrant) 

By: /s/ MARYELLEN GENOVESE          

MaryEllen Genovese  

Chief Financial Officer
(Principal Financial and Duly Authorized Officer)

 

 

 

 

 

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