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VMI Valmont Industries



UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
___________________________________
Form 10-Q
(Mark One)
 QUARTERLY REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES
        EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 28, 2020
or
 TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES
        EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ____________ to
Commission file number 1-31429
_____________________________________
Valmont Industries, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware47-0351813
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
One Valmont Plaza,
Omaha,Nebraska 68154-5215
 (Address of Principal Executive Offices) (Zip Code)

(402) 963-1000
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
________________________

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock $1.00 par valueVMINew York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Sections 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes x No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” ��accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filerNon‑accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes
No x
21,356,577
Outstanding shares of common stock as of April 23, 2020

1


VALMONT INDUSTRIES, INC.

INDEX TO FORM 10-Q
Page No.
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1.
March 28, 2020 and March 30, 2019
weeks ended March 28, 2020 and March 30, 2019
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 28, 2020 and December 28,
2019
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the thirteen weeks ended
March 28, 2020 and March 30, 2019
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Shareholders' Equity for the thirteen weeks
ended March 28, 2020 and March 30, 2019
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1A.Risk Factors
Item 2.Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Item 5.Other Information
Item 6.Exhibits
Signatures









2




VALMONT INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EARNINGS
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
Thirteen weeks ended
March 28,
2020
March 30,
2019
Product sales$598,909  $614,964  
Services sales75,291  77,175  
Net sales674,200  692,139  
Product cost of sales438,788  474,897  
Services cost of sales49,163  52,615  
Total cost of sales487,951  527,512  
Gross profit186,249  164,627  
Selling, general and administrative expenses119,354  110,025  
Operating income66,895  54,602  
Other income (expenses):
Interest expense(10,014) (9,878) 
Interest income1,043  810  
Gain (loss) on investments (unrealized)(2,308) 2,832  
Other1,810  1,014  
(9,469) (5,222) 
Earnings before income taxes57,426  49,380  
Income tax expense:
Current6,309  2,640  
Deferred8,177  9,662  
14,486  12,302  
Earnings before equity in earnings of nonconsolidated subsidiaries42,940  37,078  
Equity in earnings (loss) of nonconsolidated subsidiaries(219) —  
Net earnings42,721  37,078  
Less: loss (earnings) attributable to noncontrolling interests208  (974) 
Net earnings attributable to Valmont Industries, Inc.$42,929  $36,104  
Earnings per share:
Basic$2.00  $1.65  
Diluted$1.99  $1.64  

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
3


VALMONT INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(Dollars in thousands)
(Unaudited)
Thirteen Weeks Ended
March 28,
2020
March 30,
2019
Net earnings42,721  37,078  
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:
Foreign currency translation adjustments:
Unrealized translation gain (loss)(49,381) 2,266  
         Gain (loss) on hedging activities:
      Net investment hedges8,711  69  
Cash flow hedges443  —  
Amortization cost included in interest expense(16) (16) 
     Cross currency swaps6,302  2,261  
Other comprehensive income (loss)(33,941) 4,580  
Comprehensive income8,780  41,658  
Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests(297) (1,109) 
Comprehensive income attributable to Valmont Industries, Inc.$8,483  $40,549  












See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
4


VALMONT INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Dollars in thousands)
(Unaudited)
March 28,
2020
December 28,
2019
ASSETS
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$294,645  $353,542  
Receivables, net492,785  480,000  
Inventories416,613  418,370  
Contract asset - costs and profits in excess of billings144,777  141,322  
Prepaid expenses and other assets63,306  32,043  
    Refundable income taxes2,300  6,947  
        Total current assets1,414,426  1,432,224  
Property, plant and equipment, at cost1,237,895  1,245,261  
Less accumulated depreciation and amortization683,914  687,132  
Net property, plant and equipment553,981  558,129  
Goodwill422,514  428,864  
Other intangible assets, net173,006  175,742  
Other assets193,652  212,257  
Total assets$2,757,579  $2,807,216  
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current liabilities:
Current installments of long-term debt$757  $760  
Notes payable to banks19,719  21,774  
Accounts payable209,132  197,957  
Accrued employee compensation and benefits70,731  83,528  
Contract liability - billings in excess of costs and earnings151,034  117,945  
Other accrued expenses100,213  83,736  
    Dividends payable9,625  8,079  
Total current liabilities561,211  513,779  
Deferred income taxes65,053  58,906  
Long-term debt, excluding current installments776,139  764,944  
Defined benefit pension liability114,359  140,007  
Operating lease liabilities78,694  85,817  
Deferred compensation42,894  45,114  
Other noncurrent liabilities9,099  8,904  
Shareholders’ equity:
Common stock of $1 par value -
Authorized 75,000,000 shares; 27,900,000 issued27,900  27,900  
Retained earnings2,171,329  2,173,802  
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(347,868) (313,422) 
Treasury stock(763,950) (743,942) 
Total Valmont Industries, Inc. shareholders’ equity1,087,411  1,144,338  
Noncontrolling interest in consolidated subsidiaries22,719  45,407  
Total shareholders’ equity1,110,130  1,189,745  
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity$2,757,579  $2,807,216  

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
5


VALMONT INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Dollars in thousands)
(Unaudited)
Thirteen weeks ended
March 28,
2020
March 30,
2019
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net earnings$42,721  $37,078  
Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash flows from operations:
Depreciation and amortization20,343  20,253  
Noncash loss on trading securities32  87  
Stock-based compensation3,325  3,670  
Defined benefit pension plan benefit(1,763) (132) 
Contribution to defined benefit pension plan(17,039) (13,943) 
        (Gain) loss on sale of property, plant and equipment53  (227) 
Equity in loss in nonconsolidated subsidiaries219  —  
Deferred income taxes8,177  9,662  
Changes in assets and liabilities:
Receivables(27,116) (25,424) 
Inventories(8,674) (7,239) 
Prepaid expenses and other assets(10,149) (7,310) 
Contract asset - costs and profits in excess of billings(3,933) (7,361) 
Accounts payable13,880  (704) 
Accrued expenses38,805  4,585  
Other noncurrent liabilities(2,971) (234) 
Income taxes refundable6,442  (4,848) 
Net cash flows from operating activities62,352  7,913  
Cash flows from investing activities:
Purchase of property, plant and equipment(23,580) (21,109) 
Proceeds from sale of assets684  422  
Acquisitions, net of cash acquired(8,804) (57,106) 
Other, net(1,436) (1,667) 
Net cash flows from investing activities(33,136) (79,460) 
Cash flows from financing activities:
Proceeds from short-term agreements3,751  9,327  
Payments on short-term agreements(5,193) —  
Proceeds from long-term borrowings10,000  10,000  
Principal payments on long-term borrowings(188) (10,194) 
Dividends paid(8,079) (8,213) 
Dividends to noncontrolling interest(5,342) (838) 
Purchase of noncontrolling interest(53,534) (23,082) 
Purchase of treasury shares(20,481) (9,421) 
Proceeds from exercises under stock plans60  1,174  
Purchase of common treasury shares—stock plan exercises(3) (747) 
Net cash flows from financing activities(79,009) (31,994) 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents(9,104) 1,568  
Net change in cash and cash equivalents(58,897) (101,973) 
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash—beginning of year353,542  313,210  
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash—end of period$294,645  $211,237  

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
6


VALMONT INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(Dollars in thousands)
(Unaudited)
Common
stock
Additional
paid-in
capital
Retained
earnings
Accumulated
other
comprehensive
income (loss)
Treasury
stock
Noncontrolling
interest in
consolidated
subsidiaries
Total
shareholders’
equity
Balance at 12/29/2018 (1)$27,900  $—  $2,067,811  $(303,185) $(692,549) $75,761  $1,175,738  
Net earnings—  —  36,104  —  —  974  37,078  
Other comprehensive income (loss)—  —  —  4,445  —  135  4,580  
Cash dividends declared ($0.375 per share)—  —  (8,213) —  —  —  (8,213) 
Dividends to noncontrolling interests—  —  —  —  —  (838) (838) 
Purchase of noncontrolling interest—  —  —  —  —  (23,082) (23,082) 
Impact of ASU 842 adoption—  —  (8,886) —  —  —  (8,886) 
Purchase of treasury shares; 70,406 shares acquired—  —  —  —  (9,421) —  (9,421) 
Stock plan exercises; 5,451 shares acquired—  —  —  —  (747) —  (747) 
Stock options exercised; 12,995 shares issued—  (2,667) 2,460  —  1,381  —  1,174  
Stock option expense—  728  —  —  —  —  728  
Stock awards; 7,635 shares issued—  1,939  —  —  1,003  —  2,942  
Balance at 3/30/2019 (1)$27,900  $—  $2,089,276  $(298,740) $(700,333) $52,950  $1,171,053  
Balance at 12/28/2019 (1)$27,900  $—  $2,173,802  $(313,422) $(743,942) $45,407  1,189,745  
Net earnings—  —  42,929  —  —  (208) 42,721  
Other comprehensive income (loss)—  —  —  (34,446) —  505  (33,941) 
Cash dividends declared ($0.45 per share)—  —  (9,625) —  —  —  (9,625) 
Dividends to noncontrolling interests—  —  —  —  —  (5,342) (5,342) 
Purchase of noncontrolling interest—  —  (38,686) —  —  (19,243) (57,929) 
Addition of noncontrolling interest—  —  —  —  —  1,600  1,600  
Purchase of treasury shares; 190,491 shares acquired—  —  —  —  (20,481) —  (20,481) 
Stock plan exercises; 23 shares acquired—  —  —  —  (3) —  (3) 
Stock options exercised; 1,166 shares issued—  (3,011) 2,909  —  162  —  60  
Stock option expense—  611  —  —  —  —  611  
Stock awards; 2,500 shares issued—  2,400  —  —  314  —  2,714  
Balance at March 28, 2020$27,900  $—  $2,171,329  $(347,868) $(763,950) $22,719  $1,110,130  

(1) The retained earnings balance has been revised from the amounts previously reported as a result of the change in inventory valuation method from     LIFO to FIFO. Refer to Note 1 for additional information.





See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

7


VALMONT INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)

(1) SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
The Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of March 28, 2020, the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Earnings, Comprehensive Income, Cash Flows, and Shareholders' Equity for the thirteen weeks ended March 28, 2020 and March 30, 2019, have been prepared by the Company, without audit. In the opinion of management, all necessary adjustments (which include normal recurring adjustments) have been made to present fairly the financial statements as of March 28, 2020 and for all periods presented.
Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America have been condensed or omitted. These Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 28, 2019. The accounting policies and methods of computation followed in these interim financial statements are the same as those followed in the financial statements for the year ended December 28, 2019 with the exception of the change in method of accounting for certain inventory, previously accounted for on the LIFO basis, so that now all inventory is valued on the FIFO basis. In addition, the Company adopted ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326) and early adopted Financial Disclosures About Guarantors and Issuers of Guaranteed Securities and Affiliates Whose Securities Collateralize a Registrant's Securities as released by the Securities and Exchange Commission that are discussed further at the end of footnote 1. The results of operations for the period ended March 28, 2020 are not necessarily indicative of the operating results for the full year.
        Inventories
Inventory is valued at the lower of cost, determined on the first-in, first-out (FIFO) method or market. Finished goods and manufactured goods inventories include the costs of acquired raw materials and related factory labor and overhead charges required to convert raw materials to manufactured and finished goods.
Inventories consisted of the following:
March 28,
2020
December 28,
2019
Raw materials and purchased parts$163,809  $158,314  
Work-in-process33,919  38,088  
Finished goods and manufactured goods218,885  221,968  
Subtotal416,613  418,370  

Effective December 29, 2019, the first day of fiscal 2020, the Company changed its method of accounting for certain of its inventory, previously accounted for on the LIFO basis, so that now all inventory is valued on the FIFO basis. The Company believes this change is preferable as it provides a better matching of costs with the physical flow of goods, more accurately reflects the current value of inventory presented on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, and standardizes the Company’s inventory valuation methodology.

In accordance with ASC 250, Accounting Changes and Error Corrections, this change in method of accounting for certain inventories has been retrospectively applied to the earliest period presented. As a result of the retrospective change, the cumulative effect to retained earnings as of December 29, 2018 and December 28, 2019 was an increase of $40,215 and $32,854, respectively. This change did not affect the Company's previously reported cash flows from operating, investing, or financing activities.



8


VALMONT INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)


The impact of the change from LIFO to FIFO on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Statements of Earnings and Comprehensive Income is as follows:

First Quarter 2019
(in 000's, except earnings per share)As Previously ReportedRetrospectively AdjustedAdjustment
Cost of sales527,010527,512502
Operating income55,10454,602(502)
Income tax expense12,42712,302(125)
Net earnings attributed to Valmont Industries, Inc36,48136,104(377)
Comprehensive (loss) income42,03541,658(377)
Net earnings per diluted share1.661.64(0.02)
The Company applied this change retrospectively to the earliest period presented. The resulting impact to the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of December 28, 2019 is as follows:

December 28, 2019
Consolidated Balance SheetAs Previously ReportedAdjustmentRetrospectively Adjusted
Inventory374,56543,805418,370
Deferred income tax liability47,95510,95158,906
Retained earnings2,140,94832,8542,173,802

Income Taxes
Earnings before income taxes for the thirteen weeks ended March 28, 2020 and March 30, 2019, were as follows: 
Thirteen weeks ended
20202019
United States$53,500  $41,749  
Foreign3,926  7,631  
$57,426  $49,380  
        

Pension Benefits

The Company incurs expenses in connection with the Delta Pension Plan ("DPP"). The DPP was acquired as part of the Delta plc acquisition in fiscal 2010 and has no members that are active employees. In order to measure expense and the related benefit obligation, various assumptions are made including discount rates used to value the obligation, expected return on plan assets used to fund these expenses and estimated future inflation rates. These assumptions are based on historical experience as well as current facts and circumstances. An actuarial analysis is used to measure the expense and liability associated with pension benefits.

9


VALMONT INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)

The components of the net periodic pension (benefit) expense for the thirteen weeks ended March 28, 2020 and March 30, 2019 were as follows:
Thirteen weeks ended
Net periodic (benefit) expense:20202019
Interest cost$3,124  $4,345  
Expected return on plan assets(5,598) (5,135) 
Amortization of actuarial loss711  658  
Net periodic (benefit) expense$(1,763) $(132) 


        Stock Plans
The Company maintains stock-based compensation plans approved by the shareholders, which provide that the Human Resource Committee of the Board of Directors may grant incentive stock options, nonqualified stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock awards, restricted stock units, and bonuses of common stock. At March 28, 2020, 1,205,205 shares of common stock remained available for issuance under the plans.
        Under the plans, the exercise price of each option equals the closing market price at the date of the grant. Options vest beginning on the first anniversary of the grant in equal amounts over three years to six years or on the grant's fifth anniversary. Expiration of grants is seven years from the date of grant. Restricted stock units and awards generally vest in equal installments over three years beginning on the first anniversary of the grant.
The Company's compensation expense (included in selling, general and administrative expenses) and associated income tax benefits related to stock options and restricted stock for the thirteen weeks ended March 28, 2020 and March 30, 2019, respectively, were as follows:
Thirteen weeks ended
20202019
Compensation expense$3,325  $3,670  
Income tax benefits831  918  
Fair Value
The Company applies the provisions of Accounting Standards Codification 820, Fair Value Measurements (“ASC 820”) which defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value, and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. The provisions of ASC 820 apply to other accounting pronouncements that require or permit fair value measurements. As defined in ASC 820, fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date.
10


VALMONT INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)

ASC 820 establishes a three-level hierarchy for fair value measurements based upon the transparency of inputs to the valuation of an asset or liability as of the measurement date. Inputs refer broadly to the assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability, including assumptions about risk. Financial assets and liabilities carried at fair value will be classified and disclosed in one of the following three categories:
         Level 1: Quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
        Level 2: Observable market based inputs or unobservable inputs that are corroborated by market data.
        Level 3: Unobservable inputs that are not corroborated by market data.
The categorization within the valuation hierarchy is based upon the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. Following is a description of the valuation methodologies used for assets and liabilities measured at fair value.
Trading Securities: The assets and liabilities recorded for the investments held in the Valmont Deferred Compensation Plan of $34,619 ($36,290 at December 28, 2019) represent mutual funds, invested in debt and equity securities, classified as trading securities in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") 320, Accounting for Certain Investments in Debt and Equity Securities, considering the employee's ability to change investment allocation of their deferred compensation at any time.  The Company's ownership of shares in Delta EMD Pty. Ltd. (JSE:DTA) is also classified as trading securities. The shares are valued at $167 and $210 as of March 28, 2020 and December 28, 2019, respectively, which is the estimated fair value. Quoted market prices are available for these securities in an active market and therefore categorized as a Level 1 input.
Derivative Financial Instruments: The fair value of foreign currency and commodity forward contracts, and cross currency contracts is based on a valuation model that discounts cash flows resulting from the differential between the contract price and the market-based forward rate.
Fair Value Measurement Using:
Carrying Value March 28, 2020Quoted Prices in
Active Markets
for Identical
Assets (Level 1)
Significant Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
Assets:
Trading Securities$34,786  $34,786  $—  $—  
Derivative financial instruments, net24,625  —  24,625  —  

Fair Value Measurement Using:
Carrying Value December 28, 2019Quoted Prices in
Active Markets
for Identical
Assets (Level 1)
Significant Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
Assets:
Trading Securities$36,500  $36,500  $—  $—  
Derivative financial instruments, net3,247  —  3,247  —  

11


VALMONT INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)

Long-Lived Assets
        The Company's other non-financial assets include goodwill and other intangible assets, which are classified as Level 3 items. These assets are measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis as part of annual impairment testing. Note 3 to these condensed consolidated financial statements contain additional information related to goodwill and intangible asset impairments.

Comprehensive Income
Comprehensive income includes net earnings, currency translation adjustments, certain derivative-related activity and changes in net actuarial gains/losses from a pension plan. Results of operations for foreign subsidiaries are translated using the average exchange rates during the period. Assets and liabilities are translated at the exchange rates in effect on the balance sheet dates. Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) consisted of the following at March 28, 2020 and December 28, 2019:
Foreign Currency Translation AdjustmentsGain/(Loss) on Hedging ActivitiesDefined Benefit Pension PlanAccumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
Balance at December 28, 2019$(232,575) $14,076  $(94,923) $(313,422) 
Current-period comprehensive income (loss)(49,886) 15,440  —  (34,446) 
Balance at March 28, 2020$(282,461) $29,516  $(94,923) $(347,868) 

        Revenue Recognition
        The Company determines the appropriate revenue recognition for our contracts by analyzing the type, terms and conditions of each contract or arrangement with a customer. Contracts with customers for all businesses are fixed-price with sales tax excluded from revenue, and do not include variable consideration. Discounts included in contracts with customers, typically early pay discounts, are recorded as a reduction of net sales in the period in which the sale is recognized. Contract revenues are classified as product when the performance obligation is related to the manufacturing of goods. Contract revenues are classified as service when the performance obligation is the performance of a service. Service revenue is primarily related to the Coatings segment.
        Customer acceptance provisions exist only in the design stage of our products and acceptance of the design by the customer is required before the project is manufactured and delivered to the customer. The Company is not entitled to any compensation solely based on design of the product and does not recognize revenue associated with the design stage. There is one performance obligation for revenue recognition. No general rights of return exist for customers once the product has been delivered and the Company establishes provisions for estimated warranties. The Company does not sell extended warranties for any of its products.
        Shipping and handling costs associated with sales are recorded as cost of goods sold. The Company elected to use the practical expedient of treating freight as a fulfillment obligation instead of a separate performance obligation and ratably recognize freight expense as the structure is being manufactured, when the revenue from the associated customer contract is being recognized over time. With the exception of the Utility segment and the wireless communication structures product line, the Company’s inventory is interchangeable for a variety of each segment’s customers. The Company elected the practical expedient to not disclose the partially satisfied performance obligation at the end of the period when the contract has an original expected duration of one year or less. In addition, the Company elected the practical expedient to not adjust the amount of consideration to be received in a contract for any significant financing component if payment is expected within twelve months of transfer of control of goods or services; the Company expects all consideration to be received in one year or less at contract inception.
Segment and Product Line Revenue Recognition
12


VALMONT INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)

        The global Utility segment revenues are derived from manufactured steel and concrete structures for the North America utility industry and offshore and other complex structures used in energy generation and distribution outside of the United States. Steel and concrete utility structures are engineered to customer specifications resulting in limited ability to sell the structure to a different customer if an order is canceled after production commences. The continuous transfer of control to the customer is evidenced either by contractual termination clauses or by our rights to payment for work performed to-date plus a reasonable profit as the products do not have an alternative use to the Company. Since control is transferring over time, revenue is recognized based on the extent of progress towards completion of the performance obligation. The selection of the method to measure progress towards completion requires judgment. For our steel and concrete utility and wireless communication structure product lines, we generally recognize revenue on an inputs basis, using total production hours incurred to-date for each order as a percentage of total hours estimated to produce the order. The completion percentage is applied to the order’s total revenue and total estimated costs to determine reported revenue, cost of goods sold and gross profit. Production of an order, once started, is typically completed within three months. Revenue from the offshore and other complex structures business is also recognized using an inputs method, based on the ratio of costs incurred to date to the total estimated costs at completion of the performance obligation. External sales agents are used in certain sales of steel and concrete structures; the Company has chosen to use the practical expedient to expense estimated commissions owed to third parties by recognizing them proportionately as the goods are manufactured.
        The global ESS segment revenues are derived from the manufacture and distribution of engineered metal, composite structures and components for lighting and traffic and roadway safety, engineered access systems, and wireless communication. For the lighting and traffic and roadway safety product lines, revenue is recognized upon shipment or delivery of goods to the customer depending on contract terms, which is the same point in time that the customer is billed. For Access Systems, revenue is generally recognized upon delivery of goods to the customer which is the same point in time that the customer is billed. The wireless communication product line has large regional customers who have unique product specifications for communication structures. When the customer contract includes a cancellation clause that would require them to pay for work completed plus a reasonable margin if an order was canceled, revenue is recognized over time based on hours worked as a percent of total estimated hours to complete production. For the remaining wireless communication product line customers which do not provide a contractual right to bill for work completed on a canceled order, revenue is recognized upon shipment or delivery of the goods to the customer which is the same point in time that the customer is billed.
        The global Coatings segment revenues are derived by providing coating services to customers’ products, which include galvanizing, anodizing, and powder coating. Revenue is recognized once the coating service has been performed and the goods are ready to be picked up or delivered to the customer which is the same time that the customer is billed.
        The global Irrigation segment revenues are derived from the manufacture of agricultural irrigation equipment and related parts and services for the agricultural industry and tubular products for industrial customers. Revenue recognition for the irrigation segment is generally upon shipment of the goods to the customer which is the same point in time that the customer is billed. The remote monitoring subscription services are primarily billed annually and revenue is recognized on a straight-line basis over the subsequent twelve months.
        Disaggregation of revenue by product line is disclosed in the Segment footnote. A breakdown by segment of revenue recognized over time and at a point in time for the thirteen weeks ended March 28, 2020 and March 30, 2019 is as follows:
13


VALMONT INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)

Point in TimeOver TimePoint in TimeOver Time
Thirteen weeks ended March 28, 2020Thirteen weeks ended March 28, 2020Thirteen weeks ended March 30, 2019Thirteen weeks ended March 30, 2019
Utility Support Structures$8,924  $214,024  $30,292  $212,966  
Engineered Support Structures215,879  11,487  218,980  8,989  
Coatings68,590  —  70,231  —  
Irrigation151,742  3,554  147,858  2,823  
  Total$445,135  $229,065  $467,361  $224,778  

The Company's contract asset as of March 28, 2020 and December 28, 2019 was $144,777 and $141,322, respectively. Both steel and concrete utility customers are generally invoiced upon shipment or delivery of the goods to the customer's specified location with few customers that make up-front or progress payments. The offshore and complex steel structures business invoices customers a number of ways including advanced billings, progress billings, and billings upon shipment.

        At March 28, 2020 and December 28, 2019, the contract liability for revenue recognized over time was $151,034 and $117,945, respectively. During the thirteen weeks ended March 28, 2020 and March 30, 2019, the Company recognized $18,240 and $1,030 of revenue that was included in the liability as of December 28, 2019 and December 29, 2018. The revenue recognized was due to applying advance payments received for projects completed during the period.

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements and Guarantors Disclosures

        In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326), Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments. The standard replaces the incurred loss impairment methodology in current U.S. GAAP with a methodology that reflects expected credit losses on instruments within its scope, including trade receivables. This update was intended to provide financial statement users with more decision-useful information about the expected credit losses. The Company adopted this ASU in the first quarter of 2020. The adoption of the ASU No. 2016-13 did not have a significant impact on the condensed consolidated financial statements.

The Company early adopted Financial Disclosures About Guarantors and Issuers of Guaranteed Securities and Affiliates Whose Securities Collateralize a Registrant’s Securities rules as released by the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 2, 2020, which simplify the disclosure requirements related to the Company’s registered debt securities, guaranteed by certain of its subsidiaries, under Rule 3-10 and Rule 13-01 of Regulation S-X. The final rules permit the simplified disclosures to be provided either in a footnote to the Company’s consolidated financial statements or in management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations. The Company has elected to provide the simplified disclosure within Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.


(2) ACQUISITIONS
14


VALMONT INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)

        On May 13, 2019, the Company acquired the assets of Connect-It Wireless, Inc. ("Connect-It") for $6,034 in cash. Connect-It operates in Florida and is a manufacturer and distributor of wireless site components and safety products. In the purchase price allocation, goodwill of $3,299 and customer relationships of $828 were recorded and the remainder is net working capital. A portion of the goodwill is deductible for tax purposes. Connect-It is included in the ESS segment and was acquired to expand the Company's wireless component distribution network. The Company finalized the purchase price allocation in the fourth quarter of 2019.
        On February 11, 2019, the Company acquired the outstanding shares of United Galvanizing ("United"), a provider of coatings services for $26,000 in cash. The agreed upon purchase price was $28,000, with $2,000 being contingent on seller representations and warranties that was settled in the first quarter of 2020 for $1,522. The acquisition of United, located in Houston, Texas further expands the Company's galvanizing footprint in North America and is reported in the Coatings segment. The fair values assigned were $12,374 for goodwill, $3,170 for customer relationships, trade name of $894, $10,987 for property, plant, and equipment, and the remainder is net working capital. Goodwill is not deductible for tax purposes and the customer relationship will be amortized over 10 years. The trade name has an indefinite life. The Company finalized the purchase price allocation in the fourth quarter of 2019.
        On December 31, 2018, the Company acquired the assets of Larson Camouflage ("Larson"), an industry leading provider of architectural and camouflage concealment solutions for the wireless telecommunication market for $31,106 in cash. The agreed upon purchase price was $34,562, with 10% being held back for seller representations and warranties that was settled in the first quarter of 2020 for $3,481. Larson was acquired to grow our product offerings in the wireless communication market and is reported in the ESS segment. The fair values assigned were $16,223 for customer relationships, $15,346 for goodwill, $1,151 for property, plant, and equipment and the remainder is net working capital. Goodwill is deductible for tax purposes and the customer relationships will be amortized over 12 years. The purchase price allocation was finalized in the fourth quarter of 2019.
        The proforma effect of these acquisitions on the thirteen weeks ended March 30, 2019 is as follows:
Thirteen weeks ended March 30, 2019
Net sales$694,558
Net earnings36,342
Earnings per share-diluted1.65

        Acquisitions of Noncontrolling Interests
        In February 2020, the Company acquired the remaining 49% of AgSense that it did not own for $44,284, which includes an estimated future payment of $2,500 subject to finalization of the buyout calculation that is expected to settle in the second quarter of 2020. In addition, the Company acquired 16% of the remaining 25% that it did not own of Convert Italia for a cash payment of $11,750. The purchase agreement also settled the escrow funds which the Company had paid at date of acquisition. In April 2019, the Company acquired the remaining 4.8% of Valmont SM that it did not own for $4,763. As these transactions were for the acquisition of all or part of the remaining shares of a consolidated subsidiary with no change in control, they were recorded within shareholders' equity and as a financing activity in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows.


15


VALMONT INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)

(3) GOODWILL AND INTANGIBLE ASSETS
Amortized Intangible Assets
The components of amortized intangible assets at March 28, 2020 and December 28, 2019 were as follows:
March 28, 2020
Gross
Carrying
Amount
Accumulated
Amortization
Weighted
Average
Life
Customer Relationships$224,920  $137,988  13 years
Patents & Proprietary Technology23,867  6,718  13 years
Other7,879  6,498  4 years
$256,666  $151,204  

December 28, 2019
Gross
Carrying
Amount
Accumulated
Amortization
Weighted
Average
Life
Customer Relationships$237,626  $149,720  13 years
Patents & Proprietary Technology24,068  6,358  14 years
Other8,054  7,035  5 years
$269,748  $163,113  
Amortization expense for intangible assets for the thirteen weeks ended March 28, 2020 and March 30, 2019, respectively was as follows:
Thirteen weeks ended
20202019
$4,593  $4,390  
Estimated annual amortization expense related to finite-lived intangible assets is as follows:
Estimated
Amortization
Expense
2020$17,446  
202115,516  
202213,462  
202311,830  
20249,923  
The useful lives assigned to finite-lived intangible assets included consideration of factors such as the Company’s past and expected experience related to customer retention rates, the remaining legal or contractual life of the underlying arrangement that resulted in the recognition of the intangible asset and the Company’s expected use of the intangible asset.

16


VALMONT INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)

Non-amortized intangible assets
Intangible assets with indefinite lives are not amortized and consist solely of trade names. The carrying value of trade names at March 28, 2020 and December 28, 2019 are as follows:
March 28,
2020
December 28,
2019
Year Acquired
Newmark$11,111  $11,111  2004
Webforge8,704  9,143  2010
Convert Italia S.p.A8,352  8,378  2018
Valmont SM7,929  7,966  2014
Ingal EPS/Ingal Civil Products7,096  7,454  2010
Walpar3,500  3,500  2018
Shakespeare4,000  4,000  2014
Other16,852  17,555  
$67,544  $69,107  

In its determination of these intangible assets as indefinite-lived, the Company considered such factors as its expected future use of the intangible asset, legal, regulatory, technological and competitive factors that may impact the useful life or value of the intangible asset and the expected costs to maintain the value of the intangible asset. The Company expects that these intangible assets will maintain their value indefinitely. Accordingly, these assets are not amortized. 
The Company’s trade names were tested for impairment in the third quarter of 2019. The values of each trade name was determined using the relief-from-royalty method. Based on this evaluation, no trade names were determined to be impaired.
Goodwill
The carrying amount of goodwill by segment as of March 28, 2020 and December 28, 2019 was as follows:
Engineered
Support
Structures
Segment
Utility
Support
Structures
Segment
Coatings
Segment
Irrigation
Segment
Total
Gross Balance December 28, 2019$228,634  $130,594  $93,747  $25,136  $478,111  
Accumulated impairment losses(18,670) (14,355) (16,222) —  (49,247) 
Balance at December 28, 2019209,964  116,239  77,525  25,136  428,864  
Acquisitions—  1,100  —  —  1,100  
Foreign currency translation(6,144) (139) (1,287) 120  (7,450) 
Balance at March 28, 2020$203,820  $117,200  $76,238  $25,256  $422,514  


The Company’s annual impairment test of goodwill was performed during the third quarter of 2019, using the discounted cash flow method. The estimated fair value of all of our reporting units exceeded their respective carrying value, so 0 goodwill was impaired. The access systems reporting unit with $42,300 of goodwill, is the reporting unit that did not have a substantial excess of estimated fair value over its carrying value during the 2019 annual impairment test. The model assumed geographic expansion of its architectural product lines, which realized recent organic growth in its existing market. If the Company determines it is more likely than not that forecasted operating income and operating cash flow amounts will
17


VALMONT INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)

be not be realized, an interim test of goodwill recoverability would be required. A hypothetical 1.0% change in the discount rate would increase/decrease the fair value of this reporting unit by approximately $15,000, which approximates the cushion between the estimated fair value and carrying value of this reporting unit. The Company continues to monitor changes in the global economy, including the impact from COVID-19, that could impact future operating results of its reporting units. If such conditions arise, the Company will test a given reporting unit for impairment prior to the annual test.
(4) CASH FLOW SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION
        The Company considers all highly liquid temporary cash investments purchased with an original maturity of three months or less at the time of purchase to be cash equivalents. Cash payments for interest and income taxes (net of refunds) for the thirteen weeks ended March 28, 2020 and March 30, 2019 were as follows:
20202019
Interest$179  $586  
Income taxes1,590  2,852  
(5) EARNINGS PER SHARE
The following table provides a reconciliation between Basic and Diluted earnings per share (EPS):
Basic EPSDilutive
Effect of
Stock
Options
Diluted EPS
Thirteen weeks ended March 28, 2020:
Net earnings attributable to Valmont Industries, Inc.$42,929  $—  $42,929  
Weighted average shares outstanding (000's)21,453  96  21,549  
Per share amount$2.00  $(0.01) $1.99  
Thirteen weeks ended March 30, 2019:
Net earnings attributable to Valmont Industries, Inc.$36,104$—  $36,104  
Weighted average shares outstanding (000's)21,886  78  21,964  
Per share amount$1.65  $(0.01) $1.64  

        At March 28, 2020 and March 30, 2019, there were 302,899 and 297,412 outstanding stock options with exercise prices exceeding the market price of common stock that were excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per share, respectively.
18


VALMONT INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)

(6) DERIVATIVE FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
        The Company manages interest rate risk, commodity price risk, and foreign currency risk related to foreign currency denominated transactions and investments in foreign subsidiaries. Depending on the circumstances, the Company may manage these risks by utilizing derivative financial instruments. Some derivative financial instruments are marked to market and recorded in the Company's consolidated statements of earnings, while others may be accounted for as fair value, cash flow, or net investment hedges. Derivative financial instruments have credit and market risk. The Company manages these risks of derivative instruments by monitoring limits as to the types and degree of risk that can be taken, and by entering into transactions with counterparties who are recognized, stable multinational banks.
        Fair value of derivative instruments at March 28, 2020 and December 28, 2019 are as follows:
Derivatives designated as hedging instruments:Balance sheet locationMarch 28, 2020December 28, 2019
Foreign currency forward contractsPrepaid expenses and other assets$14,351  $2,119  
Cross currency swap contractsPrepaid expenses and other assets10,274  1,128  
$24,625  $3,247  
        Gains (losses) on derivatives recognized in the condensed consolidated statements of earnings for the thirteen weeks ended March 28, 2020 and March 30, 2019 are as follows:
Thirteen weeks ended
Statements of earnings locationMarch 28, 2020March 30, 2019
Foreign currency forward contractsOther income (expenses)$123  $552  
Foreign currency forward contractsProduct sales53  —  
Interest rate hedge amortizationInterest expense(16) —  
Cross currency swap contractsInterest expense743  653  
$903  $1,205  
        Cash Flow Hedges
        In 2019, the Company entered into steel hot rolled coil (HRC) forward contracts that qualified as a cash flow hedge of the variability in cash flows attributable to future steel purchases. The forward contracts had a notional amount of $12,128 for the purchase of 3,500 short tons for each month from May 2019 to September 2019. The gain/(loss) realized upon settlement is recorded in product cost of sales in the condensed consolidated statements of earnings over average inventory turns. The forward contracts were closed out in the third quarter of 2019.
        In March 2020, a subsidiary with a Euro functional currency entered into foreign currency forward contracts to mitigate foreign currency risk related to a large customer order denominated in U.S. dollars. The forward contract, which qualifies as a cash flow hedge, has a final maturity date of June 2021 and a notional amount to sell $27,500 in exchange for a stated amount of Euros.
        Net Investment Hedges
        In the second quarter of 2019, all existing net investment hedges were early settled and the Company received proceeds of $11,184, which will remain in Other Comprehensive Income (OCI) until either the sale or substantially complete liquidation of the related subsidiaries.
19


VALMONT INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)

        In the second quarter of 2019, the Company entered into a new foreign currency forward contract to mitigate foreign currency risk of the Company's investment in its Australian dollar denominated businesses. The forward contract, which qualifies as a net investment hedge, has a maturity date of April 2021 and a notional amount to sell Australian dollars to receive $100,000. The Australian dollar forward contract effectiveness was assessed under the spot method with forward points excluded totaling $881, which the Company has elected to amortize in other income (expense) in the condensed consolidated statements of earnings using the straight-line method over the remaining term of the contract.
        In the second quarter of 2019, the Company entered into two fixed-for-fixed cross currency swaps (“CCS”), swapping U.S. dollar principal and interest payments on a portion of its 5.00% senior unsecured notes due 2044 for Danish krone (DKK) and Euro denominated payments. The CCS were entered into in order to mitigate foreign currency risk on the Company's Euro and DKK investments and to reduce interest expense. Interest is exchanged twice per year on April 1 and October 1.
        Key terms of the two CCS are as follows:
CurrencyNotional AmountTermination DateSwapped Interest RateSet Settlement Amount
Danish Krone (DKK)$50,000  April 1, 20242.68%DKK 333,625
Euro$80,000  April 1, 20242.825%€71,550

        The Company designated the full notional amount of the two CCS ($130,000) as a hedge of the net investment in certain Danish and European subsidiaries under the spot method, with all changes in the fair value of the CCS that are included in the assessment of effectiveness (changes due to spot foreign exchange rates) are recorded as cumulative foreign currency translation within OCI, and will remain in OCI until either the sale or substantially complete liquidation of the related subsidiaries. Net interest receipts will be recorded as a reduction of interest expense over the life of the CCS.

20


VALMONT INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)


(7) BUSINESS SEGMENTS
        The Company has four reportable segments based on its management structure. Each segment is global in nature with a manager responsible for segment operational performance and the allocation of capital within the segment. Net corporate expense is net of certain service-related expenses that are allocated to business units generally on the basis of employee headcounts.

Reportable segments are as follows:

        ENGINEERED SUPPORT STRUCTURES: This segment consists of the manufacture and distribution of engineered metal and composite poles, towers, and components for global lighting, traffic, and wireless communication markets, engineered access systems, integrated structure solutions for smart cities, and highway safety products;

        UTILITY SUPPORT STRUCTURES: This segment consists of the manufacture of engineered steel and concrete structures for the global utility transmission, distribution, substations, and renewable energy generation equipment;
        COATINGS: This segment consists of galvanizing, painting, and anodizing services to preserve and protect metal products; and
        IRRIGATION: This segment consists of the manufacture of agricultural irrigation equipment, parts, services and tubular products, water management solutions, and technology for precision agriculture.
In addition to these 4 reportable segments, the Company had other businesses and activities that individually are not more than 10% of consolidated sales, operating income or assets.
        The Company evaluates the performance of its business segments based upon operating income and invested capital. The Company does not allocate interest expense, non-operating income and deductions, or income taxes to its business segments.
21


VALMONT INDUSTRIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)

Summary by Business
Thirteen weeks ended
March 28,
2020
March 30,
2019
SALES:
Engineered Support Structures segment:
Lighting, Traffic, and Highway Safety Products$171,987  $157,184  
    Communication Products38,196  42,865  
Access Systems20,559  30,239  
Engineered Support Structures segment230,742  230,288  
Utility Support Structures segment:
Steel166,531  159,760  
Concrete35,785  29,844  
Engineered Solar Tracker Solutions8,924  30,292  
Offshore and Other Complex Steel Structures14,221  24,026  
Utility Support Structures segment225,461  243,922  
Coatings segment88,085  86,779  
Irrigation segment:
    North America106,560  108,477  
    International50,160  44,339  
        Irrigation segment156,720  152,816  
Total701,008  713,805  
INTERSEGMENT SALES:
Engineered Support Structures segment3,376  2,319  
Utility Support Structures segment2,513  664  
Coatings segment19,495  16,548  
Irrigation segment1,424  2,135  
Total26,808  21,666  
NET SALES:
Engineered Support Structures segment227,366  227,969  
Utility Support Structures segment222,948  243,258  
Coatings segment68,590  70,231  
Irrigation segment155,296  150,681  
Total$674,200  $692,139  
OPERATING INCOME:
Engineered Support Structures segment$15,931  $12,445  
Utility Support Structures segment27,724  25,048  
Coatings segment11,054  10,140  
Irrigation segment23,663  20,134  
Corporate(11,477) (13,165) 
Total$66,895  $54,602  

22


Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Management’s discussion and analysis contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements are based on assumptions that management has made in light of experience in the industries in which the Company operates, as well as management’s perceptions of historical trends, current conditions, expected future developments and other factors believed to be appropriate under the circumstances. These statements are not guarantees of performance or results. They involve risks, uncertainties (some of which are beyond the Company’s control) and assumptions. Management believes that these forward-looking statements are based on reasonable assumptions. Many factors could affect the Company’s actual financial results and cause them to differ materially from those anticipated in the forward-looking statements. These factors include, among other things, the continuing and developing effects of COVID-19 including the effects of the outbreak on the general economy and the specific effects on the Company's business and that of its customers and suppliers, risk factors described from time to time in the Company’s reports to the Securities and Exchange Commission, as well as future economic and market circumstances, industry conditions, company performance and financial results, operating efficiencies, availability and price of raw materials, availability and market acceptance of new products, product pricing, domestic and international competitive environments, and actions and policy changes of domestic and foreign governments.
This discussion should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto, and the management's discussion and analysis included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 28, 2019. Segment net sales in the table below and elsewhere are presented net of intersegment sales. See Note 10 of our condensed consolidated financial statements for additional information on segment sales and intersegment sales.
23


Results of Operations (Dollars in millions, except per share amounts) 
Thirteen weeks ended
March 28, 2020March 30, 2019% Incr. (Decr.)
Consolidated
Net sales$674.2  $692.1  (2.6)%
Gross profit186.2  164.6  13.1 %
as a percent of sales 
27.6 %23.8 %
SG&A expense119.3  110.0  8.5 %
as a percent of sales 
17.7 %15.9 %
Operating income66.9  54.6  22.5 %
as a percent of sales 
9.9 %7.9 %
Net interest expense9.0  9.1  (1.1)%
Effective tax rate25.2 %24.9 %
Net earnings$42.9  $36.1  18.8 %
Diluted earnings per share$1.99  $1.64  21.3 %
Engineered Support Structures (ESS)
Net sales$227.4  $228.0  (0.3)%
Gross profit61.7  51.9  18.9 %
SG&A expense45.8  39.4  16.2 %
Operating income15.9  12.5  27.2 %
Utility Support Structures (Utility)
Net sales$222.9  $243.2  (8.3)%
Gross profit53.5  48.7  9.9 %
SG&A expense25.8  23.6  9.3 %
Operating income27.7  25.1  10.4 %
Coatings
Net sales$68.6  $70.2  (2.3)%
Gross profit21.8  20.6  5.8 %
SG&A expense10.7  10.5  1.9 %
Operating income11.1  10.1  9.9 %
Irrigation
Net sales$155.3  $150.7  3.1 %
Gross profit49.2  43.4  13.4 %
SG&A expense25.5  23.3  9.4 %
Operating income23.7  20.1  17.9 %
Net corporate expense
SG&A$11.5  $13.2  (12.9)%
Operating loss(11.5) (13.2)��12.9 %
24


Overview
On a consolidated basis, net sales were lower in the first quarter of 2020, as compared to 2019, due to lower sales in the ESS, Utility, and Coatings segments offset by higher sales for the Irrigation segment. The change in net sales in the first quarter of fiscal 2020, as compared with the first fiscal quarter of 2019, is as follows:
First quarter
TotalESSUtilityCoatingsIrrigation
Sales - 2019$692.1  $228.0  $243.2  $70.2  $150.7  
Volume(6.9) 2.2  (21.3) 0.6  11.6  
Pricing/mix(0.2) 1.2  1.7  (0.8) (2.3) 
Acquisition/(divestiture)(0.6) 1.4  —  —  (2.0) 
Currency translation(10.2) (5.4) (0.7) (1.4) (2.7) 
Sales - 2020$674.2  $227.4  $222.9  $68.6  $155.3  
        
Volume effects are estimated based on a physical production or sales measure. Since products we sell are not uniform in nature, pricing and mix relate to a combination of changes in sales prices and the attributes of the product sold. Accordingly, pricing and mix changes do not necessarily result in operating income changes.
        Average steel prices for both hot rolled coil and plate were lower in North America and China in the first quarter of 2020, as compared to 2019, contributing to lower cost of sales and improved gross profit.
        
        The Company acquired the following businesses:

Larson Camouflage ("Larson") in the first quarter of 2019, an industry leading provider of architectural and camouflage concealment solutions for the wireless telecommunication market (ESS).
United Galvanizing ("United") in the first quarter of 2019, a domestic coatings provider (Coatings).
Connect-It Wireless, Inc. ("Connect-It") in the second quarter of 2019, a domestic communication components business (ESS).
In the first quarter of 2020, we acquired the remaining 49% of AgSense that the Company did not own (Irrigation).
In the first quarter of 2020, we acquired 16% of the remaining 25% of Convert Italia that the Company did not own (Utility).

COVID-19 Impact on Financial Results and Liquidity

We are considered an essential business because of the products and services that serve critical infrastructure sectors as defined by many governments around the world. Our manufacturing facilities in Argentina, France, India, Malaysia, New Zealand, Philippines, and South Africa are closed as of April 28, 2020 due to government mandates but are expected to re-open during May 2020. All others facilities remain open and fully operational. To protect the safety, health and well-being of employees, customers, suppliers and communities, CDC and WHO guidelines are being followed to ensure employee safety in all facilities. We estimate approximately $4.0 million of net sales were not recognized during first quarter of 2020 due to the impacts of facility closures from COVID-19.

We generated positive cash flows from operating activities during the first quarter of 2020 and expect positive cash flows from operating activities for the full fiscal 2020 year. Our main focus is to maintain liquidity to support the working capital needs of our operations and maintain our investment grade credit rating.
Our capital spending for the 2020 fiscal year has been reduced from the previously announced approximately $100 million to $125 million to approximately $75 to $90 million.
We have suspended repurchase of shares to preserve financial liquidity until the COVID-19 impact is clearer.

As a result of the evolving impact of COVID-19 on the global economy, we anticipate and are planning for slowdown in customer demand and increased business disruption, primarily beginning in the second quarter. As a result, we expect second quarter net sales in 2020 to be lower than 2019 by approximately $50 million; the primary reportable segments
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expected to see a decrease are Coatings and Irrigation. Operating income and specifically operating margin, is expected to be lower than the same period of 2019 as a result of the lower sales. The ultimate magnitude of COVID-19, including the extent of its impact on the Company’s financial and operational results, cash balances and available borrowings on our line of credit, will be determined by the length of time the pandemic continues, its effect on the demand for the Company’s products and services and supply chain, as well as the effect of governmental regulations imposed in response to the pandemic.
        
Currency Translation

        In the first quarter of 2020, we realized a decrease in operating profit, as compared with 2019, due in part to currency translation effects associated with a stronger U.S. dollar against most foreign currencies. The breakdown of this effect by segment was as follows:
        
TotalESSUtilityCoatingsIrrigationCorporate
First quarter$(0.7) $(0.3) $—  $(0.2) $(0.3) $0.1  

Gross Profit, SG&A, and Operating Income

        At a consolidated level, gross margin (gross profit as a percent of sales) was higher in the first quarter of 2020, as compared with the same period in 2019, due to lower raw material costs across the Company, improved selling prices across our infrastructure businesses, and improved volumes for the Irrigation segment and associated operating leverage of fixed costs. Gross margin improved for all operating segments.
        SG&A expenses increased in the first quarter of 2020, as compared to the same period in 2019. The increase was due to higher compensation related costs, including sales commissions for the North American infrastructure businesses, higher incentives due to improved operations, and salary merit increases. These increases were partially offset by lower SG&A deferred compensation expense (offset by an increase of the same amount in other expense).

 In the first quarter of 2020, as compared to the same periods in 2019, operating income was higher in all reporting segments. The overall increase in operating income in the first quarter can be attributed to lower raw material costs, improved sales pricing for the infrastructure businesses, and improved sales volumes in the Irrigation segment.

Net Interest Expense and Debt
        
        Net interest expense in the first quarter of 2020 was consistent with the first quarter of 2019. Interest income was higher in the first quarter of 2020, as compared to 2019, due to having more cash on hand to invest.

Other Income/Expenses

        The change in other income/expenses in the first quarter of 2020, as compared to 2019, was due to the change in valuation of deferred compensation assets which resulted in less other income of $5.1 million. The change related to deferred compensation assets are offset by an opposite change of the same amount in SG&A expense. The remaining change was due to fluctuations in foreign currency transaction gains/losses.

Income Tax Expense
        
        The Company's income tax rate in the first quarter of 2020 was consistent with the same period in 2019. Our effective income tax rate in the first quarter of 2020 was 25.2%, compared to 24.9% in the first quarter of 2019.


        Earnings attributable to noncontrolling interests was lower in the first quarter of 2020, as compared to 2019. The decrease can be attributed to the acquisition of the remaining noncontrolling interests of AgSense and partial acquisition of the noncontrolling interest of Convert in the first quarter of 2020.

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Cash Flows from Operations
        Our cash flows provided by operations was $62.4 million in the first quarter of fiscal 2020, as compared with $7.9 million provided by operations in the first quarter of 2019. The increase in operating cash flow in the first quarter of 2020, as compared with 2019, was due to improved working capital management. The lower working capital is primarily attributed to a larger contract liability for customer billings in excess of costs and earnings.

ESS segment
        Net sales were consistent in the first quarter 2020 and 2019. Lighting, traffic, and highway sales improved due to increased volumes, which were offset by lower sales volumes for access systems and communication products and unfavorable foreign currency translation effects.
         Global lighting and traffic, and highway safety product sales in the first quarter of 2020 was higher by $14.8 million, as compared to the same period in fiscal 2019. Sales volumes improved in North America across commercial and transportation markets, in addition to some improvements in pricing. Lower sales volumes due to the ceasing of operations in Morocco, the plant shutdown in France due to COVID-19, and unfavorable foreign currency translation effects contributed to lower sales in Europe. Highway safety product sales volumes decreased in the first quarter of 2020, as compared to 2019, due primarily to fewer projects in India.
Communication product line sales were lower by $4.7 million in the first quarter of 2020, as compared with 2019. In North America, component and structure sales volumes decreased in the first quarter of 2020 due to lower demand from the network expansion by providers. The decrease in volumes was partially offset by the acquisition of Connect-It. In Asia-Pacific, sales volumes decreased approximately $2 million due to government mandated plant closures in China due to COVID-19.
Access Systems product line net sales decreased in the first quarter of 2020, as compared to 2019, by $9.7 million. Sales volumes declined due to fewer large projects and unfavorable foreign currency translation for the Australia business.
Gross profit, as a percentage of sales, and operating income for the segment were higher in the first quarter of 2020, as compared to 2019, due to lower raw material pricing across the segment and sales volume improvements in the U.S. lighting and traffic businesses. SG&A spending was higher in the first quarter of 2020 due to higher sales commissions and incentives due to improved operations in North America. Operating income improved due to lower raw material pricing for all businesses and sales volume improvements in North America.
        Utility segment
        In the Utility segment, sales decreased in the first quarter of 2020, as compared with 2019, due to lower volumes in our engineered solar tracker solutions (Solar) and Offshore and other complex steel structures (Offshore) business. Sales volumes for steel and concrete structures in North America were higher in the first quarter of 2020, while sales pricing slightly increased. A number of our sales contracts in North America contain provisions that tie the sales price to published steel index pricing at the time our customer issues their purchase order.
        Offshore and Solar sales decreased in the first quarter of 2020, as compared to 2019, due to lower volumes and unfavorable currency translation effects. The decrease for both businesses can be attributed to large projects in the prior year that did not recur.
        Gross profit increased in the first quarter of 2020, as compared to 2019, due to lower costs of steel and higher volumes and associated operating leverage of fixed costs for the North America businesses. SG&A expense was higher in the first quarter of 2020, as compared with 2019, due to higher sales commissions and incentives due to improved operating results. Operating income increased due to improved sales volumes and operations in North America and lower raw material costs, partially offset by a slower start to the year for the Offshore and Solar businesses .  
Coatings segment
        Coatings segment sales decreased in the first quarter of 2020, as compared to the same period in 2019, due to unfavorable currency translation effect and slightly lower average sales pricing in Asia Pacific, attributed to the lower cost of zinc. Sales volumes increased modestly in North America in the first quarter of 2020, as compared to 2019. In Asia-Pacific
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region, sales volumes improved in Australia and New Zealand, but was more than offset by decreased volumes in India and unfavorable foreign currency translation effects.
        SG&A expense was consistent in the first quarter of 2020, as compared to 2019. Operating income was higher in the first quarter 2020, compared to the same period in 2019, due to sales volume increases in North America and Australia and lower raw material pricing. The increase was partially offset by lower volumes and associated operating deleverage of fixed costs for the India businesses.
        Irrigation segment
        The increase in Irrigation segment net sales in the first quarter of 2020, as compared to 2019, is primarily due to sales volume increases in international markets. Brazil and the Middle East drove the sales volume improvements that were partially offset by unfavorable currency translation effects from a weaker Brazil real and South African rand. Sales volumes increased in North America, primarily due to increased service part sales that were lower in 2019 due to the floods. Sales of technology-related products and services continue to grow, as growers are increasing adoption of technology to reduce costs and enhance profitability.
        SG&A was higher in the first quarter of 2020, as compared to 2019, due to higher product development expenses. Operating income for the segment increased in the first quarter of 2020 over the same period in 2019, as a result of lower raw material costs and higher sales volumes in international markets.
        Net corporate expense
Corporate SG&A expense was lower in the first quarter of 2020, as compared to the first quarter of 2019, due to a change in valuation of deferred compensation assets which resulted in lower expense of $5.1 million. The change in deferred compensation plan assets is offset by the same amount in other income/expenses.

Liquidity and Capital Resources
Cash Flows
Working Capital and Operating Cash Flows-Net working capital was $853.2 million at March 28, 2020, as compared to $918.4 million at December 28, 2019. The decrease in net working capital in 2020 is attributed to an increase in contract liability for customer billings in excess of costs and earnings of $33.1 million. Cash flow provided by operations was $62.4 million in the first quarter of 2020, as compared with $7.9 million in first quarter of 2019. The increase in operating cash flows in the first quarter of 2020, as compared to 2019, was primarily the result of improved working capital management.
Investing Cash Flows-Capital spending in the first quarter of fiscal 2020 was $23.6 million, as compared to $21.1 million for the same period in 2019. The decrease in investing cash outflows in the first quarter of 2020, as compared to 2019, can be attributed to a reduction in cash paid for acquisitions.
Financing Cash Flows-Our total interest-bearing debt was $796.6 million at March 28, 2020 and $787.5 million at December 28, 2019. Financing cash flows changed from an outflow of $32.0 million in the first quarter of 2019 to an outflow of $80.9 million for the first quarter of 2020. The increase in financing cash outflows in the first quarter of 2020, as compared to 2019, was due to the higher purchase price of noncontrolling interests and repurchases of company shares.
Guarantor Summarized Financial Information

We are providing the following information in compliance with Rule 3-10 and Rule 13-01 of Regulation S-X with respect to our two tranches of senior unsecured notes. All of the senior notes are guaranteed, jointly, severally, fully and unconditionally (subject to certain customary release provisions, including sale of the subsidiary guarantor, or sale of all or substantially all of its assets) by certain of the Company’s current and future direct and indirect domestic and foreign subsidiaries (collectively the “Guarantors”). The Parent is the Issuer of the notes and consolidates all Guarantors.

The financial information of Issuer and Guarantors is presented on a combined basis with intercompany balances and transactions between Issuer and Guarantors eliminated. The Issuer’s or Guarantors' amounts due from, amounts due to, and transactions with non-guarantor subsidiaries are separately disclosed.
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Combined financial information is as follows:
Supplemental Combined Parent and Guarantors Financial Information
For the Thirteen weeks ended March 28, 2020 and Thirteen weeks ended March 30, 2019
Thirteen weeks ended
Dollars in thousandsMarch 28,2020March 30, 2019
Net sales$467,680  $434,007  
Gross Profit135,235109,570
Operating income59,13444,614
Net earnings36,32528,873
Net earnings attributable to Valmont Industries, Inc.36,32528,873

Supplemental Combined Parent and Guarantors Financial Information
March 28, 2020 and December 28, 2019

Dollars in thousandsMarch 28,2020December 28, 2019
Current assets$775,428  $728,457  
Noncurrent assets358,663  354,173  
Current liabilities356,658  312,984  
Noncurrent liabilities1,070,925  1,076,491  
Noncontrolling interest in consolidated subsidiaries1,600  —  

Included in noncurrent assets is a due from non-guarantor subsidiaries receivable of $59,462 and $54,915 at March 28, 2020 and December 28, 2019. Included in noncurrent liabilities is a due to non-guarantor subsidiaries payable of $227,340 and $249,056 at March 28, 2020 and December 28, 2019.
Financing and Capital
The Board of Directors authorized the purchase of $250 million of the Company's shares without an expiration date in October 2018. The share purchases will be funded from available working capital and short-term borrowings and will be made subject to market and economic conditions. We are not obligated to make any share repurchases under the share repurchase program and we may discontinue the share repurchase program at any time. We acquired 190,491 treasury shares for approximately $20.5 million under our share repurchase program during the first quarter of 2020. As of March 28, 2020, we have approximately $184.0 million open under this authorization to repurchase shares in the future. We have suspended repurchase of shares to preserve financial liquidity until the COVID-19 impact is clearer.

        Our capital allocation philosophy announcement included our intention to manage our capital structure to maintain our investment grade debt rating. Our most recent ratings were Baa3 by Moody's Investors Services, Inc., BBB- rating by Fitch Rating Services, and BBB+ rating by Standard and Poor's Rating Services. We expect to maintain a leverage ratio which will support our current investment grade debt rating.

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Our debt financing at March 28, 2020 is primarily long-term debt consisting of:
$450 million face value ($436.4 million carrying value) of senior unsecured notes that bear interest at 5.00% per annum and are due in October 2044.
$305 million face value ($297.6 million carrying value) of unsecured notes that bear interest at 5.25% per annum and are due in October 2054.
We are allowed to repurchase the notes at specified prepayment premiums. Both tranches of these notes are guaranteed by certain of our subsidiaries.

        At March 28, 2020 and December 28, 2019, we had $40.1 million and $29.0 million outstanding borrowings under our revolving credit agreement, respectively. The revolving credit agreement contains certain financial covenants that may limit our additional borrowing capability under the agreement. At March 28, 2020, we had the ability to borrow $544.6 million under this facility, after consideration of standby letters of credit of $15.3 million associated with certain insurance obligations and international sales commitments. We also maintain certain short-term bank lines of credit totaling $129.2 million, $109.5 million of which was unused at March 28, 2020. At the beginning of the second quarter of 2020, the Company drew down $75.0 million on its revolving credit facility to ensure sufficient liquidity related to COVID-19 uncertainty.

Our senior unsecured notes and revolving credit agreement each contain cross-default provisions which permit the acceleration of our indebtedness to them if we default on other indebtedness that results in, or permits, the acceleration of such other indebtedness.
The debt agreements contain covenants that require us to maintain certain coverage ratios and may limit us with respect to certain business activities, including capital expenditures. The debt agreements allow us to add estimated EBITDA from acquired businesses for periods we did not own the acquired business. The debt agreements also provide for an adjustment to EBITDA, subject to certain limitations, for non-cash charges or gains that are non-recurring in nature.
Our key debt covenants are as follows:
Leverage ratio - Interest-bearing debt is not to exceed 3.5X Adjusted EBITDA (or 3.75X Adjusted EBITDA after certain material acquisitions) of the prior four quarters; and
Interest earned ratio - Adjusted EBITDA over the prior four quarters must be at least 2.5X our interest expense over the same period.

        At March 28, 2020, we were in compliance with all covenants related to the debt agreements. The key covenant calculations at March 28, 2020 were as follows (in 000's):

Interest-bearing debt$796,615  
Adjusted EBITDA-last four quarters335,625  
Leverage ratio2.37  
Adjusted EBITDA-last four quarters$335,625  
Interest expense-last four quarters40,289  
Interest earned ratio8.33  
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The calculation of Adjusted EBITDA-last four quarters (March 31, 2019 through March 28, 2020) is as follows. The last four quarters information ended March 28, 2020 is calculated by taking the full fiscal year ended December 28, 2019, subtracting the first quarter ended March 30, 2019, and adding the first quarter ended March 28, 2020.
Net cash flows from operations$362,053  
Interest expense40,289  
Income tax expense52,390  
Gain on investment227  
Deferred income tax benefit(2,455) 
Noncontrolling interest(4,515) 
Stock-based compensation(11,242) 
Pension plan expense2,144  
Contribution to pension plan21,557  
Changes in assets and liabilities(126,836) 
Other2,013  
EBITDA335,625  
Adjustments—  
Adjusted EBITDA$335,625  

Net earnings attributable to Valmont Industries, Inc.$160,593  
Interest expense40,289  
Income tax expense52,390  
Depreciation and amortization expense82,353  
EBITDA335,625  
Adjustments—  
Adjusted EBITDA$335,625  

Our businesses are cyclical, but we have diversity in our markets from a product, customer and a geographical standpoint. We have demonstrated the ability to effectively manage through business cycles and maintain liquidity. We have consistently generated operating cash flows in excess of our capital expenditures. Based on our available credit facilities, recent issuance of senior unsecured notes and our history of positive operational cash flows, we believe that we have adequate liquidity to meet our needs.
        We have cash balances of $294.6 million at March 28, 2020, approximately $145.9 million is held in our non-U.S. subsidiaries. If we distributed our foreign cash balances certain taxes would be applicable. At March 28, 2020, we have a liability for foreign withholding taxes and U.S. state income taxes of $3.4 million and $0.6 million, respectively.

Financial Obligations and Financial Commitments
        There have been no material changes to our financial obligations and financial commitments as described on page 34-35 in our Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 28, 2019.
Off Balance Sheet Arrangements
There have been no material changes in our off balance sheet arrangements as described on page 35 in our Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 28, 2019.
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Critical Accounting Policies
There were no changes in our critical accounting policies as described on pages 37-40 in our Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 28, 2019 during the three months ended March 28, 2020, with the exception of the change in method of accounting for certain inventory, previously accounted for on the LIFO basis, so that now all inventory is valued on the FIFO basis.
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
        There were no material changes in the company's market risk during the quarter ended March 28, 2020. For additional information, refer to the section "Risk Management" in our Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 28, 2019.


Item 4. Controls and Procedures
The Company carried out an evaluation under the supervision and with the participation of the Company’s management, including the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures pursuant to Securities Exchange Act Rule 13a-15. Based upon that evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that, as of the end of the period covered by this report, the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures are effective to provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed by the Company in the reports the Company files or submits under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 is (1) accumulated and communicated to management, including the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosures and (2) recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the Commission’s rules and forms.
        No changes in the Company's internal control over financial reporting occurred during the quarter covered by this report that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company's internal control over financial reporting.

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PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
ITEM 1A – Risk Factors
Other than the addition of the text below, there have been no material changes from risk factors previously disclosed in the Company’s most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K. See the discussion of the Company’s risk factors under Part I, Item 1A in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 28, 2019.

COVID-19 has impacted and is expected to continue to impact our business, including the supply chain, product demand, logistics, and facility operations and the duration, unknown at this time, of the challenges associated with the virus may result in significant adverse effects on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

On March 11, 2020 the World Health Organization declared COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic, and the virus continues to significantly impact all geographical areas in which we operate. A myriad of international, national and local measures have been implemented by governments and businesses to address the virus and slow its outbreak, including shelter in place orders and similar restrictions, restrictions on business operations, closure of borders and other measures having negative economic effects.

Our businesses support critical infrastructure sectors as defined by the Department of Homeland Security (CISA.gov) and similar global agencies. These sectors are deemed vital, such that their incapacitation would have a debilitating effect on security, national economic security, national public health or safety or any combination thereof.

COVID-19 has impacted and is anticipated to continue to impact our business, including the normal operations of our facilities, overall demand for our products, changes to supply chain availability and costs, logistics delays, including temporary closures as may be mandated or otherwise made necessary by governmental authorities, and any additional carryover of economic effects. As of April 28, 2020, certain of our facilities have temporarily ceased operations due to the effects of COVID-19. These include operations in Argentina, India, Malaysia, New Zealand, Philippines, and South Africa. A majority of our facilities are currently operational, including all of our North American facilities, but we believe the future impact of COVID-19 will vary across our diversified portfolio in the second quarter of 2020 and beyond. We believe all of our business segments will be impacted, and relatively more so in our ESS, Coatings, and Irrigation segments. All of our operations may be affected by COVID-19 isolation measures. We have implemented domestic and international travel restrictions for our employees, and thousands of our employees are expected to continue to work remotely through the height of this pandemic.

The duration of the virus outbreak continues to be evaluated by governments and experts and as a consequence we cannot at this time determine the overall ultimate impact on the Company. The extent of the impact will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted. The duration, unknown at this time, of the challenges associated with the virus may result in significant adverse effects on our business, financial condition, and results of operations.
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PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
PeriodTotal Number of
Shares Purchased
Average Price
paid per share
Total Number of
Shares Purchased
as Part of Publicly
Announced Plans or
Programs
Approximate Dollar Value of Maximum Number of Shares that may yet be Purchased under the Program (1)
December 29, 2019 to January 25, 2020—  $—  —  $204,451,000  
January 26, 2020 to February 29, 202065,151  122.00  65,151  196,503,000  
March 1, 2020 to March 28, 2020125,340  99.99  125,340  183,969,000  
Total190,491  $107.52  190,491  $183,969,000  
(1) On May 13, 2014, we announced a new capital allocation philosophy which included a share repurchase program. Specifically, the Board of Directors authorized the purchase of up to $500 million of the Company's outstanding common stock from time to time over twelve months at prevailing market prices, through open market or privately-negotiated transactions. On February 24, 2015 and again on October 31, 2018, the Board of Directors authorized an additional purchase of up to $250 million of the Company's outstanding common stock with no stated expiration date. As of March 28, 2020, we have acquired 6,112,945 shares for approximately $816.0 million under this share repurchase program.

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Item 5. Other Information
Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders
        Valmont's annual meeting of stockholders was held on April 28, 2020. The stockholders elected four directors to serve three-year terms, approved, on an advisory basis, a resolution approving Valmont's named executive officer compensation, and ratified the appointment of Deloitte & Touche LLP as independent auditors for fiscal 2020. For the annual meeting there were 21,523,917 shares outstanding and eligible to vote of which 19,607,591were present at the meeting in person or by proxy. The tabulation for each matter voted upon at the meeting was as follows:

        Election of Directors:

ForWithheldBroker Non-Votes
Mogens C. Bay17,530,369887,8221,189,400
Walter Scott, Jr.17,483,019935,1721,189,400
Clark T. Randt, Jr.15,076,6653,341,5261,189,400
Richard A. Lanoha17,862,658555,5331,189,400



Advisory vote on executive compensation:

For17,781,283
Against563,034
Abstain73,874
Broker non-votes1,189,400


Proposal to ratify the appointment of Deloitte & Touche LLP as independent auditors for fiscal 2020:

For19,207,861
Against339,180
Abstain60,550

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Item 6. Exhibits
(a) Exhibits
Exhibit No.Description
Preferability Letter - LIFO Change
List of Issuer and Guarantor Subsidiaries
Section 302 Certificate of Chief Executive Officer
Section 302 Certificate of Chief Financial Officer
Section 906 Certifications of Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer
101The following financial information from Valmont's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 28, 2020, formatted in Inline XBRL (eXtensible Business Reporting Language): (i) the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Earnings, (ii) the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income, (iii) the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, (iv) the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, (v) the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Shareholders' Equity, (vi) Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and (vii) document and entity information.
104Cover Page Interactive File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101)

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SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf and by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.
VALMONT INDUSTRIES, INC.
(Registrant)
/s/ AVNER M. APPLBAUM
Avner M. Applbaum
Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
Dated this 29th day of April, 2020.

























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