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BSAC Banco Santander Chile

Filed: 21 Oct 21, 7:18am

 

 

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 6-K

 

Report of Foreign Issuer
Pursuant to Rule 13a 16 or 15d 16 of

 

the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

Commission file number: 001-14554

 

Banco Santander Chile 

Santander Chile Bank

(Translation of Registrant’s Name into English)

Bandera 140
Santiago, Chile
 
(Address of principal executive office)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant files or will file annual reports under cover of Form 20 F or Form 40 F:

 

Form 20 F Form 40 F

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is submitting the Form 6 K in paper as permitted by Regulation S T Rule 101(b)(1):

 

Yes No

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is submitting the Form 6 K in paper as permitted by Regulation S T Rule 101(b)(7):

 

Yes No

 

Indicate by check mark whether by furnishing the information contained in this Form, the Registrant is also thereby furnishing the information to the Commission pursuant to Rule 12g3-2(b) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934:

 

Yes No

 

If “Yes” is marked, indicate below the file number assigned to the registrant in connection with Rule 12g3-2(b): N/A

 

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

Page

 

CAUTIONARY STATEMENT CONCERNING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS1
CERTAIN TERMS AND CONVENTIONS3
ITEM 1. KEY INFORMATION4
ITEM 2. OPERATING AND FINANCIAL REVIEW AND PROSPECTS16
ITEM 3. FINANCIAL INFORMATION60
ITEM 4. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK61
ITEM 5. SENIOR MANAGEMENT68
UNAUDITED INTERIM CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTSF-1

 

 

 

 

CAUTIONARY STATEMENT CONCERNING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

We have made statements in this Report that constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements appear throughout this report and include statements regarding our intent, belief or current expectations regarding:

 

·asset growth and alternative sources of funding;

 

·growth of our fee-based business;

 

·financing plans;

 

·impact of competition;

 

·impact of regulation;

 

·exposure to market risks including:

 

·interest rate risk;

 

·foreign exchange risk; and

 

·equity price risk;

 

·projected capital expenditures;

 

·liquidity;

 

·trends affecting:

 

·our financial condition; and

 

·our results of operation.

 

Our forward-looking statements also may be identified by words such as “believes,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “projects,” “intends,” “should,” “could,” “may,” “seeks,” “aim,” “combined,” “estimates,” “probability,” “risk,” “VaR,” “target,” “goal,” “objective,” “future” or similar expressions.

 

You should understand that the following important factors, in addition to those discussed elsewhere in this Report and in our annual report on Form 20-F for the year ended December 31, 2020 (the “2020 20-F”), could affect our future results and could cause those results or other outcomes to differ materially from those expressed in our forward-looking statements:

 

·changes in capital markets in general that may affect policies or attitudes towards lending to Chile or Chilean companies;

 

·changes in economic conditions;

 

·the monetary and interest rate policies of Central Bank (as defined below);

 

·inflation;

 

·deflation;

 

·unemployment;

 

 

·increases in defaults by our customers and in impairment losses;

 

·decreases in deposits;

 

·customer loss or revenue loss;

 

·unanticipated turbulence in interest rates;

 

·movements in foreign exchange rates;

 

·movements in equity prices or other rates or prices;

 

·the effects of non-linear market behavior that cannot be captured by linear statistical models, such as the VaR model we use;

 

·changes in Chilean and foreign laws and regulations;

 

·changes in taxes;

 

·competition, changes in competition and pricing environments;

 

·our inability to hedge certain risks economically;

 

·the adequacy of loss allowances;

 

·technological changes;

 

·changes in consumer spending and saving habits;

 

·changes in demographics, consumer spending, investment or saving habits;

 

·increased costs;

 

·unanticipated increases in financing and other costs or the inability to obtain additional debt or equity financing on attractive terms;

 

·changes in, or failure to comply with, banking regulations;

 

·acquisitions or restructurings of businesses that may not perform in accordance with our expectations;

 

·our ability to successfully market and sell additional services to our existing customers;

 

·disruptions in client service;

 

·damage to our reputation;

 

·natural disasters;

 

·implementation of new technologies;

 

·the Group’s exposure to operational losses (e.g., failed internal or external processes, people and systems);

 

·an inaccurate or ineffective client segmentation model; and

 

·the COVID-19 pandemic or other pandemics.

 

You should not place undue reliance on such statements, which speak only as of the date at which they were made. The forward-looking statements contained in this report speak only as of the date of this Report, and we do not undertake to update any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances after the date hereof or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.

 

 

 

CERTAIN TERMS AND CONVENTIONS

 

As used in this report on Form 6-K (the “Report”), “Santander-Chile”, “the Bank”, “we,” “our” and “us” or similar terms refer to Banco Santander-Chile together with its consolidated subsidiaries.

 

When we refer to “Santander Spain,” we refer to our parent company, Banco Santander, S.A. References to “the Group,” “Santander Group” or “Grupo Santander” mean the worldwide operations of the Santander Spain conglomerate, as indirectly controlled by Santander Spain and its consolidated subsidiaries, including Santander-Chile.

 

As used in this Report, the term “billion” means one thousand million (1,000,000,000).

 

In this Report, references to “$”, “U.S.$”, “U.S. dollars” and “dollars” are to United States dollars; references to “Chilean pesos,” “pesos” or “Ch$” are to Chilean pesos; references to “JPY” or “JPYS” are to Japanese Yen; references to “CHF” or “CHF$” are to Swiss francs; references to “CNY” or “CNY$” are to Chinese yuan renminbi); and references to “UF” are to Unidades de Fomento. The UF is an inflation-indexed Chilean monetary unit with a value in Chilean pesos that changes daily to reflect changes in the official Consumer Price Index (“CPI”) of the Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas (the Chilean National Institute of Statistics) for the previous month.

 

As used in this Report, the terms “write-offs” and “charge-offs” are synonyms.

 

In this Report, references to the Audit Committee are to the Bank’s Comité de Directores y Auditoría.

 

In this Report, references to “BIS” are to the Bank for International Settlement, and references to “BIS ratio” are to the capital adequacy ratio as calculated in accordance with the Basel Capital Accord. References to the “Central Bank” are to the Banco Central de Chile. References to the “SBIF” are to the Superintendency of Banks and Financial Institutions. References to the “FMC” are to the Financial Market Commission into which the SBIF merged on June 1, 2019.

 

Certain figures included in this Report have been subject to rounding adjustments. Accordingly, figures shown as totals in certain tables may not be an arithmetic aggregation of the figures that precede them.

 

 

ITEM 1. KEY INFORMATION

 

A. Selected Financial Data

 

The following table presents selected historical financial information for Santander-Chile as of the dates and for each of the periods indicated. Financial information for Santander-Chile as of December 31, 2020 and June 30, 2021 and for the six-month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 has been derived from our Unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements prepared in accordance with local Chilean Bank GAAP. These consolidated financial statements differ in some respects from our financial statements prepared in accordance with IFRS and included in the 2020 20-F. See “Item 2.—B. Differences between IFRS and Chilean Bank GAAP” and Note 37 to our Unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

The following table should be read in conjunction with, and is qualified in its entirety by reference to, our Unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements appearing elsewhere in this Report.

 

  Six-month periods ended June 30,
  2021 2021 2020
  in thousands of U.S.$ (1) in millions of Ch$ (2)
UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF INCOME STATEMENT DATA (Chilean Bank GAAP)      
Net interest income  1,187,159   869,095   768,642 
Net fee and commission income  207,617   151,992   136,665 
Financial transactions, net (3)  97,392   71,299   100,070 
Other operating income  14,091   10,316   11,939 
Net operating profit before provision for loan losses  1,506,259   1,102,702   1,017,316 
Provision for loan losses  (251,397)  (184,043)  (293,933)
Net operating profit  1,254,861   918,659   723,383 
Total operating expenses  (609,297)  (446,054)  (432,252)
Operating income  645,565   472,605   291,131 
Income from investments in associates and other companies  1,212   887   596 
Income before tax  646,776   473,492   291,727 
Income tax expense  (140,039)  (102,520)  (61,325)
Result of discontinued operations  —     —     —   
Net income for the year  506,737   370,972   230,402 
Net income for the period attributable to:            
Equity holders of the Bank  501,572   367,191   228,873 
Non-controlling interests  5,165   3,781   1,529 
Net income attributable to Equity holders of the Bank per share  2.66   1.95   1.21 
Net income attributable to Equity holders of the Bank per ADS  1,064.65   779.41   485.81 
Weighted-average shares outstanding (in millions)  188,446.1   188,446.1   188,446.1 
Weighted-average ADS outstanding (in millions)  471.1   471.1   471.1 

 

  As of June 30, 2021 As of December 31 2020
       
   in thousands of U.S.$ (1)   in millions of Ch$ (2)   in millions of Ch$ (2) 
UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF BALANCE SHEET DATA (Chilean Bank GAAP)            
Cash and deposits in banks  10,261,328   7,512,113   2,803,288 
Cash items in process of collection  1,421,179   1,040,417   452,963 
Trading investments  59,850   43,815   133,718 
Investments under resale agreements  —     —     —   
Financial derivative contracts  8,612,269   6,304,870   9,032,085 
Interbank loans, net  10,432   7,637   18,920 
Loans and accounts receivable from customers, net  46,049,253   33,711,737   33,413,429 
Available-for-sale investments  9,659,208   7,071,313   7,162,542 
Investments in associates and other companies  14,329   10,490   10,770 
Intangible assets  114,705   83,973   82,537 
Property, plant, and equipment  252,236   184,657   187,240 
Right of use assets  258,205   189,027   201,611 
Current taxes  106,531   77,989   —   
Deferred taxes  862,960   631,756   538,118 
Other assets  2,654,024   1,942,958   1,738,856 
TOTAL ASSETS  80,336,510   58,812,752   55,776,077 
Deposits and other demand liabilities  24,208,081   17,722,252   14,560,893 
Cash items in process of being cleared  1,301,031   952,459   361,631 
Obligations under repurchase agreements  80,402   58,861   969,808 
Time deposits and other time liabilities  16,058,091   11,755,807   10,581,791 
Financial derivative contracts  9,181,361   6,721,491   9,018,660 
Interbank borrowing  10,946,779   8,013,918   6,328,599 
Issued debt instruments  10,958,317   8,022,365   8,204,177 
Other financial liabilities  292,911   214,434   184,318 
Obligation for lease contracts  197,728   144,753   149,585 
Current taxes  —     —     12,977 
Deferred taxes  293,192   214,640   129,066 
Provisions  612,829   448,640   456,120 
Other liabilities  1,536,527   1,124,861   1,165,853 
TOTAL LIABILITIES  75,667,251   55,394,481   52,123,478 
Capital  1,217,494   891,303   891,303 
Reserves  3,481,812   2,548,965   2,341,986 
Valuation adjustments  (501,690)  (367,277)  (27,586)
Retained earnings  351,101   257,034   362,213 
Attributable to Equity holders of the Bank  4,548,717   3,330,025   3,567,916 
Non-controlling interest  120,541   88,246   84,683 
TOTAL EQUITY (4)  4,669,259   3,418,271   3,652,599 
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND EQUITY  80,336,510   58,812,752   55,776,077 

  As of and for the six-month period ended June 30,
  2021 2020
CONSOLIDATED RATIOS        
(Chilean Bank GAAP)        
Profitability and performance:        
Net interest margin (5)  3.8%  3.7%
Return on average total assets (6)  1.3%  0.8%
Return on average equity (7)  19.8%  12.2%
Capital:        
Average equity as a percentage of average total assets (8)  6.7%  6.7%
Total liabilities as a multiple of equity (9)  16.2   15.5 
Credit Quality:        
Non-performing loans as a percentage of total loans (10)  1.3%  1.9%
Allowance for loan losses as percentage of total loans (11)  2.6%  2.7%
Operating Ratios:        
Operating expenses /operating revenue (12)  37.5%  39.7%
Operating expenses annualized /average total assets  1.6%  1.5%
         
OTHER DATA        
CPI Inflation Rate (13)  2.0%  1.2%
Revaluation (devaluation) rate (Ch$/U.S.$) at period end (13)  3.4%  9.0%
Number of employees at period end  10,240   11,028 
Number of branches and offices at period end  344   367 
 
(1)Amounts stated in U.S. dollars at and for the six-month period ended June 30, 2021 have been translated from Chilean pesos at the interbank market exchange rate of Ch$732.08 = U.S.$1.00 as of June 30, 2021 based on the interbank market rate published by Reuters at 1:30 pm on the last business day of the period. Such translations should not be construed as representations that the Chilean peso amounts represent, or have been or could be converted into, United States dollars at that or any other rate.

 

(2)Except per share data, percentages and ratios, share numbers, employee numbers and branch numbers.

 

(3)Net income (expense) from financial operations and net foreign exchange gain.

 

(4)Total equity includes equity attributable to Equity holders of the Bank plus non-controlling interests.

 

(5)Net interest income divided by average interest earning assets (as presented in “Item 3. Operating and Financial Review and Prospects— C. Selected Statistical Information”).

 

(6)Net income for the year divided by average total assets (as presented in “Item 3. Operating and Financial Review and Prospects— C. Selected Statistical Information”).

 

(7)Net income for the year divided by average equity (as presented in “Item 3. Operating and Financial Review and Prospects—C. Selected Statistical Information”).

 

(8)This ratio is calculated using total average equity (as presented in “Item 3. Operating and Financial Review and Prospects— C. Selected Statistical Information”) including non-controlling interest.

 

(9)Total liabilities divided by equity.

 

(10)Non-performing loans include the aggregate unpaid principal and accrued but unpaid interest on all loans with at least one installment over 90 days past-due.

 

(11)Allowance for loan losses includes additional provisions of Ch$46 billion as of June 30, 2020 and Ch$168 billion as of June 30, 2021.

 

(12)The efficiency ratio is equal to operating expenses over operating income. Operating expenses includes personnel salaries and expenses, administrative expenses, depreciation and amortization, impairment and other operating expenses. Operating income includes net interest income, net fee and commission income, net income from financial operations (net trading income), foreign exchange profit (loss), net and other operating income.

 

(13)Based on information published by the Central Bank.

 

Exchange Rates

 

This Report contains translations of certain Chilean peso amounts into U.S. dollars at specified rates solely for the convenience of the reader. These translations should not be construed as representations that the Chilean peso amounts actually represent such U.S. dollar amounts, were converted from U.S. dollars at the rate indicated in preparing the Unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements, could be converted into U.S. dollars at the rate indicated, were converted or will be converted at all.

 

Unless otherwise indicated, all U.S. dollar amounts at any year end, for any period have been translated from Chilean pesos based on the interbank market rate published by Reuters at 1:30 pm on June 30, 2021 days was Ch$732.08, or 0.44% less than the Central Bank’s published observed exchange rate for such dates of Ch$735.28 per U.S.$1.00. The Federal Reserve Bank of New York does not report a noon buying rate for the Chilean peso.

 

The U.S. dollar equivalent of one UF was U.S.$40.41 as of June 30, 2021, using the observed exchange rate reported by the Central Bank as of June 30, 2021 of Ch$735.28 per U.S.$1.00.

 

Dividends

 

Under the New General Banking Law (as defined herein), a Chilean bank may only pay a single dividend per year (i.e., interim dividends are not permitted). Santander-Chile’s annual dividend is proposed by its Board of Directors and is approved by the shareholders at the annual ordinary shareholders’ meeting held the year following that in which the dividend is generated. For example, the 2020 dividend must be proposed and approved during the

 

 

first four months of 2021. Following shareholder approval, the proposed dividend is declared and paid. Historically, the dividend for a particular year has been declared and paid no later than one month following the shareholders’ meeting. Dividends are paid to shareholders of record on the fifth day preceding the date set for payment of the dividend. The applicable record dates for the payment of dividends to holders of ADSs will, to the extent practicable, be the same.

 

Under the New General Banking Law, a bank must distribute cash dividends in respect of any fiscal year in an amount equal to at least 30% of its net income for that year, as long as the dividend does not result in the infringement of minimum capital requirements. The balances of our distributable net income are generally retained for use in our business (including for the maintenance of any required legal reserves). Although our Board of Directors currently intends to pay regular annual dividends, the amount of dividend payments will depend upon, among other factors, our then current level of earnings, capital and legal reserve requirements, as well as market conditions, and there can be no assurance as to the amount or timing of future dividends.

 

Dividends payable to holders of ADSs are net of foreign currency conversion expenses of The Bank of New York Mellon, as depositary (the “Depositary”) and will be subject to the Chilean withholding tax currently at the rate of 35% (subject to credits in certain cases as described in “Item 10. Additional Information—E. Taxation—Material Tax Consequences of Owning Shares of Our Common Stock or ADSs” in our 2020 20-F).

 

Under the Foreign Investment Contract (as defined herein), the Depositary, on behalf of ADS holders, is granted access to the Formal Exchange Market to convert cash dividends from Chilean pesos to U.S. dollars and to pay such U.S. dollars to ADS holders outside Chile, net of taxes, and no separate registration by ADS holders is required. In the past, Chilean law required that holders of shares of Chilean companies who were not residents of Chile to register as foreign investors under one of the foreign investment regimes contemplated by Chilean law in order to have dividends, sale proceeds or other amounts with respect to their shares remitted outside Chile through the Formal Exchange Market. On April 19, 2001, the Central Bank deregulated the Exchange Market and eliminated the need to obtain approval from the Central Bank in order to remit dividends, but at the same time this eliminated the possibility of accessing the Formal Exchange Market. These changes do not affect the current Foreign Investment Contract, which was signed prior to April 19, 2001, which grants access to the Formal Exchange Market with prior approval of the Central Bank. See “Item 10. Additional Information—D. Exchange Controls” in our 2020 20-F.

 

The following table presents dividends declared and paid by us in nominal terms in the past four years and to date in 2021:

 

Year Dividend
in millions of Ch$ (1)
 Dividend
in millions of U.S.$ (2)
 Per share Ch$/share (3) Per ADS U.S.$/ADS (4) % over earnings (5)
 2017   330,646   500.9   1.75   1.06   70 
 2018   423,611   705.3   2.25   1.50   75 
 2019   355,141   531.5   1.88   1.13   60 
 2020 (6)   331,256   430.8   1.76   0.91   60 
 2021 (year-to-date)   310,468   440.3   1.65   0.93   60 
 
(1)Millions of nominal pesos.

 

(2)Millions of U.S.$ using the observed exchange rate of the day the dividend was approved at the annual shareholders’ meeting.

 

(3)Calculated on the basis of 188,446.1 million shares.

 

(4)Dividend in millions of U.S.$ divided by the number of ADS, which is calculated on the basis of 400 shares per ADS.

 

(5)Calculated by dividing dividend paid in the year by net income attributable to the equity holders of the Bank for the previous year under Chilean Bank GAAP. This is the payment ratio determined by shareholders.

 

(6)On April 30, 2020, shareholders of the Bank approved the distribution of 30% of the 2019 net income attributable to shareholders under Chilean Bank GAAP. This amounted to Ch$ 165,627 million (U.S.$ 198.0 million using the observed exchange rate of the day the dividend was approved at the annual shareholders’ meeting) or Ch$ 0.88 per share (U.S.$ per ADR 0.49). In the Extraordinary Shareholders Meeting held on November 26, 2020, a further 30% of the 2019 earnings was approved.

 

 

 

B. Risk Factors

 

You should carefully consider the following risk factors, and the risk factors set forth under “Item 3. Key Information—D. Risk Factors” in our 2020 20-F, which should be read in conjunction with all the other information presented in this Report and in our 2020 20-F. The risks and uncertainties described below are not the only ones that we face. Additional risks and uncertainties that we do not know about or that we currently think are immaterial may also impair our business operations. Any of the following risks, if they actually occur, could materially and adversely affect our business, results of operations, prospects and financial condition.

 

We are subject to market risks that are presented both in this subsection and in “Item 5. Operating and Financial Review and Prospects” and “Item 11. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk” in our 2020 20-F.

 

Our operations and results have been negatively impacted by the coronavirus outbreak, which we expect will have a continued and potentially material adverse effect on our business and results of operations for as long as the pandemic is ongoing.

 

Since December 2019, a novel strain of coronavirus (COVID-19) has spread around the world, including Chile. On March 18, 2020, the Chilean government declared a state of emergency and on March 19, 2020, the government ordered the suspension of all non-essential activities and a mandatory quarantine in neighborhoods with a high concentration of cases. Since that date different areas of Chile have come in and out of different levels of quarantine. These measures and similar measures have caused significant disruption of regional and global economic activity. These quarantines led to the closure of approximately 20% of our branches at the peak of the pandemic. As of June 30, 2021, 44 of our branches remained closed due to the pandemic. For the remaining open branches, we have instituted strict sanitary protocols and restrictions on the number of customers and personnel that can be in any individual branch at a time.

 

The Chilean government currently maintains a “step-by-step” gradual restriction relief program in force since March 2020. As of October 1, 2021, this will include five stages ranging from restriction to advanced opening, based on a formula that combines several factors, including new cases per capita in a given area, the size of the elderly and vulnerable population and access to medical care in such area. Depending on the results of these health and safety guidelines and criteria, the Chilean government may allow each district or region to gradually advance to an advanced opening stage or re-impose certain restrictions which, in any case, will not affect people’s mobility rights. Beginning on November 1, 2021, a mobility pass will be required for all people of age above 12 years old for greater freedom of mobility and certain meetings.

 

The process to vaccinate the Chilean population began in February 2021, and as of October 2021, over 14.1 million people in Chile were already fully vaccinated, representing 81.7% of the target population and 74.1% of the total population in Chile. The Chilean Ministry of Health defines “target population” as (1) critical population (i.e. individuals exposed to infection due to their work or functions); (2) healthy population (i.e. individuals between the ages of 18 and 59); and (3) population at risk (i.e. individuals with an increased risk of experiencing grave morbidity, sequels or death due to COVID-19 by reason of age or pre-existing conditions). The Chilean government has also begun vaccinating children under 18 years of age and is currently rolling out the booster shot. Moreover, the Public Health Institute (Instituto de Salud Pública) granted on September 6, 2021 the necessary emergency approval for the vaccination of children between 6 and 12 years of age.

 

Chile has also begun opening its borders, enabling foreigners that have already been vaccinated to enter the country. The vaccination program has contributed to the slowing down of the spread of COVID-19 and has enabled the Chilean economy to begin recovery. However, as new variants of the COVID-19 virus spread throughout the world, the long-term ramifications of the COVID-19 pandemic are highly uncertain, and it is hard to predict the duration of the pandemic and its effects on the global and Chilean economy and on our business.

 

 

The Chilean government also rolled out a series of measures to increase liquidity for households, including an Emergency Plan for the Protection of Family Income, and Economic and Employment Reactivation (Plan de Emergencia por la Protección de los ingresos de las Familias y la Reactivación Económica y del Empleo) that is available for 90% of Chilean households, benefiting around 14.8 million people in May 2021. These households will receive a monthly income for the months June, July, and August 2021, amounting to a total estimated government expense of US$ 8.7 billion, and then a further 50% of this expense for the months September to December 2021.

 

In 2020, GDP fell 5.8% with an unemployment rate of 10.2% as of December 2020 because of the pandemic and subsequent lockdowns. However, improvements in terms of trade and better economic activity have led to the economy quickly recovering and GDP is currently expected by the Chilean Central Bank to grow in 2021. Current expectations notwithstanding, any future resurgence in the pandemic could lead to new restrictions on economic activity and negatively impact growth in 2021.

 

In Chile, the industries and sectors that have been most impacted have been hotels, casinos, tourism, restaurants, and airlines. As of June 30, 2021, our loan exposures to these industries totaled approximately 0.9% of its loan book.

 

The Chilean government has also announced a series of measures to support lending. The largest measures were to provide an additional US$3 billion to the Fondo de Garantía para Pequeños Empresarios (Small Enterprise Guarantees Fund, or “FOGAPE”), a state fund that guarantees loans, leases and other credits provided to small businesses, extend FOGAPE’s coverage to companies with annual sales of up to UF 1 million (US$34 million) and further amend the rules and regulations governing FOGAPE to encourage banks to provide lending to small businesses. Under FOGAPE’s new regulations, domestic banks, including us, may provide loans with preferential interest rates monetary policy rate (“MPR”) to the MPR plus 3% and terms of up to 48 months to eligible companies in an aggregate amount equal to up to 3 months of a company’s sales and receive a guarantee from FOGAPE of between 60% and 85% of each loan. Any recovery of all or a portion of a non-performing loan will first be used to satisfy the non-guaranteed portion of the principal amount of the loan as well as legal fees, followed by the amount of the guarantee provided by FOGAPE and lastly any accrued and unpaid interest and fees. In order to receive the guarantee from FOGAPE, such loans must have a 6-month grace period before a company must begin repaying the loan. In addition, companies that receive loans guaranteed by FOGAPE pursuant to these new regulations will be entitled to defer loan payments for a period of 6 months.

 

In February 2021, the government approved the FOGAPE 2.0 – or FOGAPE Reactiva - program. The maximum rate was set at a monthly rate of TPM (overnight rate) plus 0.6%, implying an annual rate of 7.2%. The focus at this time will be to direct the loans for SMEs investments and not only for working capital needs.

 

Although we have received guarantees from FOGAPE for a portion of the FOGAPE loans we have granted, if our clients default on their payment obligations under these loans when they become due, or they otherwise fail to timely comply with their obligations under these loans, this will result in higher levels of non-performing loans in the future and require the recognition of additional allowances for loan losses. Moreover, we must share with FOGAPE a portion of any recovery made on non-performing loans guaranteed by FOGAPE. In addition, all other loans previously disbursed to a client from the same bank from which they receive the FOGAPE loan will also be granted a 6-month grace period for repayment. If our clients default on their obligations under these loans, which are not guaranteed by FOGAPE, when such grace period ends, it could result in higher levels of non-performing loans in the future and require the recognition of additional allowances for loan losses.

 

As of June 30, 2021, we had approved Ch$2.4 trillion of FOGAPE loans to our SME and Middle-market clients, including Ch$730,822 million in FOGAPE Reactiva. The majority of the grace periods have expired, with 97% of the total FOGAPE loans already under normal payment schedule. The FOGAPE Reactiva loans we granted did not include grace periods. Of those under normal payment schedule, over 99% have been paying on time, while only 1% show impairment at the end of June 2021. Despite these positive figures, we cannot assure that these repayment trends will continue in the future and a greater extension of the COVID-19 pandemic could signify a greater deterioration of the payment ability of our clients with a FOGAPE loan.

 

The FMC has also issued regulations regarding the granting of grace periods for mortgages, consumer loans and commercial loans that have been affected by the COVID-19 pandemic as follows:

 

 

Additionally, we provided grace periods for our consumer portfolio for up to 3 months, our mortgage portfolio for up to 6 months, and other commercial loans up to 6 months to debtors who were 0-30 days overdue as of March 31, 2020. In view of the persistence of the COVID-19 pandemic, with the consequent effects on the normal development of economic activities, on April 23, 2021, the FMC instructed the Bank to extend these grace periods until July 31, 2021. As of June 30, 2021, we had provided a grace period according to the guidelines established by our regulator for Ch$8.3 trillion of our loans. Below is a breakdown of repayment behavior as of June 30, 2021:

 

COVID-19 measuresAs of June 30, 2021
Ch$ billion
Payment holiday8,324 
Payment holiday still in effect46 
Payment holiday expired8,278 

 

The Bank is closely monitoring payment behavior once payment holidays have expired. As of June 30, 2021, Ch$8,106 billion corresponds to clients who are servicing their debt properly, and clients representing Ch$172 billion of loans defaulted or requested additional extensions. As of July 31, 2021, clients representing Ch$8,182 billion in loans had requested payment holidays, with Ch$8,139 billion, or 99.5% of those loans, with payment holiday expired. Of these loans with grace periods expired, clients representing Ch$8,106 million in loans, or 99.6% of total loans were servicing their debt properly.

 

Despite this favorable evolution of asset quality, there is still risk of an increase in the NPL ratio due to the duration of the COVID-19 pandemic, the emergence of new COVID-19 variants, and the uncertainty of their effect on the effectiveness of vaccines, the extent and length of the economic downturn and the rules and regulations put in place to combat the COVID-19 pandemic and its effects in the future.

 

The extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic impacts our results will depend on the duration of the pandemic and the level of continued disruption to Chilean, regional and global economic activity, which is impossible to predict at this time. Future developments with respect to the COVID-19 pandemic are highly uncertain and new information may emerge concerning the severity of the COVID-19 pandemic and the actions taken to contain it. Furthermore, there are no indications the Chilean government will continue providing loan support programs or other forms of relief or assistance for private sector entities such as us. If the pandemic continues and further government programs are not initiated, or the ones in place are not effective, this could have a material adverse effect on us.

 

Credit, market and liquidity risk may have an adverse effect on our credit ratings and our cost of funds. Any downgrade in Chile’s, our controlling shareholders or our credit rating would likely increase our cost of funding, require us to post additional collateral or take other actions under some of our derivative contracts and adversely affect our interest margins and results of operations.

 

Credit ratings affect the cost and other terms upon which we can obtain funding. Rating agencies regularly evaluate us, and their ratings of our debt are based on several factors, including our financial strength and conditions affecting the financial services industry. In addition, due to the methodology of the main rating agencies, our credit rating is affected by the rating of Chile’s sovereign debt. If Chile’s sovereign debt is downgraded, our credit rating would also likely be downgraded by an equivalent amount. In addition, our ratings may be adversely affected by any downgrade in the ratings of our parent company, Santander Spain.

 

During 2020, as a result of the social unrest in Chile and the COVID-19 pandemic, Standard and Poor’s Ratings Services (“S&P”) and Moody’s revised the Republic of Chile and the Bank’s credit ratings to a negative outlook. In March 2021, due to the ongoing pandemic and the consequent increase in government spending with a higher fiscal deficit, S&P downgraded the Chilean sovereign rating from A+ to A. As a direct effect of the Chilean sovereign

 

 

rating downgrade, S&P downgraded Santander Chile’s rating from A to A-, maintaining a negative outlook. In September 2021, S&P changed Santander Chile’s outlook from negative to stable.

 

Any downgrade in our debt credit ratings would likely increase our borrowing costs and require us to post additional collateral or take other actions under some of our derivative and other contracts, and could limit our access to capital markets and adversely affect our commercial business. For example, a ratings downgrade could adversely affect our ability to sell or market some of our products, engage in certain longer-term and derivatives transactions and retain our customers, particularly customers who need a minimum rating threshold in order to invest. In addition, under the terms of certain of our derivative contracts and other financial commitments, we may be required to maintain a minimum credit rating or terminate such contracts or require the posting of collateral. Any of these results of a ratings downgrade could reduce our liquidity and have an adverse effect on us, including our operating results and financial condition.

 

While certain potential impacts of these downgrades are contractual and quantifiable, the full consequences of a credit rating downgrade are inherently uncertain, as they depend upon numerous dynamic, complex and inter-related factors and assumptions, including market conditions at the time of any downgrade, whether any downgrade of our long-term credit rating precipitates downgrades to our short-term credit rating, and assumptions about the potential behaviors of various customers, investors and counterparties. Actual outflows could be higher or lower than the preceding hypothetical examples, depending upon certain factors including which credit rating agency downgrades our credit rating, any management or restructuring actions that could be taken to reduce cash outflows and the potential liquidity impact from loss of unsecured funding (such as from money market funds) or loss of secured funding capacity. Although unsecured and secured funding stresses are included in our stress testing scenarios and a portion of our total liquid assets is held against these risks, a credit rating downgrade could still have a material adverse effect on us.

 

In addition, if we were required to cancel our derivatives contracts with certain counterparties and were unable to replace such contracts, our market risk profile could be altered.

 

There can be no assurance that the rating agencies will maintain the current ratings or outlooks. In general, the future evolution of Santander’s ratings will be linked, to a large extent, to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic (including, for example, a third wave, new lockdowns, etc.) on the macro outlook of our asset quality, profitability and capital. Failure to maintain favorable ratings and outlooks could increase our cost of funding and adversely affect interest margins, which could have a material adverse effect on us.

 

Market conditions have resulted, and could result, in material changes to the estimated fair values of our financial assets. Negative fair value adjustments could have a material adverse effect on our operating results, financial condition and prospects.

 

In the past, financial markets have been subject to significant stress resulting in steep falls in perceived or actual financial asset values, particularly due to volatility in global financial markets and the resulting widening of credit spreads, including as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. We have material exposures to securities, loans and other investments that are recorded at fair value and are therefore exposed to potential negative fair value adjustments. Asset valuations in future periods, reflecting then-prevailing market conditions, may result in negative changes in the fair values of our financial assets and these may also translate into increased impairments. In addition, the value ultimately realized by us on disposal may be lower than the current fair value. Any of these factors could require us to record negative fair value adjustments, which may have a material adverse effect on our operating results, financial condition or prospects.

 

In the first nine months of 2021, pension fund withdrawals and political uncertainty have led to significant rate increases along the entire yield curve. Furthermore, the Central Bank increased the Monetary Policy Rate from 0.5% to 0.75% in July 2021, and then to 1.5% in August 2021 and to 2.75 in October 2021. This has negatively impacted the fair value of various financial assets, including our available-for-sale assets, which as of June 30, 2021 amounted to Ch$7,071,313 million. These instruments are principally sovereign and treasury bonds from Chile and the United States. As of June 30, 2021, the instruments available for sale include balances of unrealized net profits of Ch$307,745 million recognized as “Valuation accounts” in equity.

 

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In addition, to the extent that fair values are determined using financial valuation models, such values may be inaccurate or subject to change, as the data used by such models may not be available or may become unavailable due to changes in market conditions, particularly for illiquid assets, and particularly in times of economic instability. In such circumstances, our valuation methodologies require us to make assumptions, judgements and estimates in order to establish fair value, and reliable assumptions are difficult to make and are inherently uncertain and valuation models are complex, making them inherently imperfect predictors of actual results. Any consequential impairments or write-downs could have a material adverse effect on our operating results, financial condition and prospects.

 

Impact of Inflation and government measures to curb inflation may adversely affect the Chilean economy and have an adverse effect on us.

 

Inflation and government measures to curb inflation may adversely affect the Chilean economy and our business, results of operations and financial condition. In recent months Chilean inflation levels have been accelerating and inflation is expected to surpass 5%. Although we currently benefit from moderate increases in inflation, due to the current structure of our assets and liabilities (i.e., a significant portion of our loans are indexed to the inflation rate, but there are significantly less features in deposits and other funding sources that would increase the size of our funding base), there can be no assurance that our business, financial condition and result of operations in the future will not be adversely affected by changing levels of inflation.

 

The measures taken in the past by the Central Bank of Chile to control inflation have often included maintaining a tight monetary policy with high interest rates, thereby restricting the availability of credit and retarding economic growth. In this sense, in 2021 the Central Bank has increased the Monetary Policy Rate (Tasa de Política Monetaria) from 0.5% to 0.75% in July 2021, then to 1.5% in August 2021 and then to 2.75% in October 2021. Because our liabilities are generally re-priced sooner than our assets, rapid increases in short-term rates on behalf of the Central Bank are reflected in the rates of interest paid by us on our liabilities before such changes are reflected in the rates of interest earned by us on our assets. Therefore, when short term rates increase, our interest margin is usually negatively affected. At the same time, our net interest margin tends to be adversely affected in the short term by a decrease in inflation rates since generally our UF-denominated assets exceed our UF-denominated liabilities. See “Item 2. Operating and Financial Review and Prospects—A. Operating Results—Impact of Inflation—Peso-denominated assets and liabilities.”

 

Moreover, measures to combat inflation and public speculation about possible additional actions have also contributed materially to economic uncertainty in Chile and to heightened volatility in its securities markets. In the case of high inflation, the government could decide to fix prices or lower value-added tax which may affect us negatively in the short term.

 

We are subject to regulatory risk, or the risk of not being able to meet all of the applicable regulatory requirements and guidelines.

 

As a financial institution, we are subject to extensive regulation, inspections, examinations, inquiries, audits and other regulatory requirements by Chilean regulatory authorities, which materially affect our businesses. We cannot assure you that we will be able to meet all of the applicable regulatory requirements and guidelines, or that we will not be subject to sanctions, fines, restrictions on our business or other penalties in the future as a result of noncompliance. If sanctions, fines, restrictions on our business, higher capital requirements or other penalties are imposed on us for failure to comply with applicable requirements, guidelines or regulations, our business, financial condition, results of operations and our reputation and ability to engage in business may be materially and adversely affected.

 

In August 2021, Law No. 21,365 was enacted, regulating interchange fees in the credit card payment market in Chile. An autonomous and technical committee was formed to determine the interchange fee limits, conformed by 4 members, each designated by the following institutions: the Central Bank in Chile; the FMC; the National Economic Prosecutor (Fiscalía Nacional Económica); and the Ministry of Finance. This committee has six months to announce the first transitory limits. Interchange fee limits will be reestablished every three years. We cannot assure

 

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this new regulation will not have a negative impact on the fees we currently charge as a credit and debit card issuing bank.

 

In addition, Congress is currently discussing a proposal that would modify diverse regulations on debt and the rights of the consumer. It proposes (1) the reduction, from 1.5 to 1.3 times, the current interest rate applicable to money lending transactions, one of the limits in the determination of the maximum conventional interest, thus limiting abusive and unilateral interests; (2) the prohibition of the compounding of interests on interests, meaning that lenders would not be permitted to consider the interests owed as capital debt, and therefore apply the agreed interests over such capital; (3) any prepayment commission or any other similar charge for the advance payment of a debt, as well as the calculation formula, must be previously established in the main obligation and this fee or extra payment cannot exceed the agreed interest in one month; (4) the reduction of the maximum limits applicable to prepayment commissions, in the case of operations, adjustable or not, of debts of less than five thousand U.F.; (5) the regulation of acceleration clauses in promissory notes prohibiting that the non-payment of one of the installments makes the payment of the total balance owed enforceable. If approved, the acceleration will only be enforceable when a request for payment and collection of at least six separately unpaid installments has been made; and (6) that acceleration clauses requiring payment of the total amount owed for the breach of less than 6 separate installments, or that exempt creditors from their obligations to require payment in accordance with the law, will not be valid. If enacted as currently proposed, this legislation may negatively affect interest rate income and fees, which in turn could have a material adverse effect on our operating results, financial condition and prospects.

 

In their supervisory roles, the regulators seek to maintain the safety and soundness of financial institutions with the aim of strengthening the protection of customers and the financial system. The supervisors’ continuing supervision of financial institutions is conducted through a variety of regulatory tools, including the collection of information by way of prudential returns, reports obtained from skilled persons, visits to firms and regular meetings with management to discuss issues such as performance, risk management and strategy. In general, these regulators have a more outcome-focused regulatory approach that involves more proactive enforcement and more punitive penalties for infringement. As a result, we face increased supervisory scrutiny (resulting in increasing internal compliance costs and supervision fees), and in the event of a breach of our regulatory obligations we are likely to face more stringent regulatory fines.

 

Changes in regulations may also cause us to face increased compliance costs and limitations on our ability to pursue certain business opportunities and provide certain products and services. As some of the banking laws and regulations have been recently adopted, the way those laws and related regulations are applied to the operations of financial institutions is still evolving. Moreover, to the extent these recently adopted regulations are implemented inconsistently in the various jurisdictions in which we operate, we may face higher compliance costs.

 

No assurance can be given generally that laws or regulations will be adopted, enforced or interpreted in a manner that will not have a material adverse effect on our business and results of operations.

 

Changes to the pension fund system may affect our liquidity levels and/or funding costs.

 

The current pension fund system dates from the 1980s when pensions went from being state-funded to privately-funded, which requires Chilean employees to set aside 10% of their wages. As of June 30, 2021, the Chilean pension fund management companies (Administradoras de Fondos de Pensión, or “AFPs”) had U.S.$4.2 billion invested in the Bank via equity, deposits and fixed income. The demographics of Chilean society have changed, resulting in a need to modify the system. In January 2020, the Chilean government presented a proposal for pension reform to Congress for discussion. These changes include increasing minimum pensions and introducing a social insurance scheme for events such as longevity. The amount each worker must set aside is also expected to increase from the current 10% of wages to 16%. The additional 6% would be gradually introduced over 12 years and would be a cost of the employer, thus potentially raising personnel expenses. The additional 6% would not be managed by the AFPs, but by a new government pension entity. Although the bill is currently being discussed, we are unable to predict the final content of the law. The potential adverse effect of the proposed law on our financial condition and results of operations cannot yet be ascertained.

 

In parallel, the Chilean government is also discussing a shorter proposal to reform the pension system, mainly focused on modifying the mortality tables used to calculate pensions and the coverage of the “Solidarity Pillar”, a

 

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category of coverage for those that do not have a sufficient accumulated pension. If the proposal is implemented, the Solidarity Pillar monthly amount will be increased to Ch$210,000, the coverage will be increased from 60% of the vulnerable population to 85% and the age for women to access basic pensions will be reduced to 60 years.

 

Moreover, in 2020, and as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, three extraordinary withdrawals were permitted from pension funds, the last of which approved in May 2021.

 

In order to avoid strong swings in asset prices, the Central Bank introduced a series of measures to ensure healthy liquidity levels including the direct purchase of bank instruments and the acquisition of government bonds in the secondary market supported by the FCIC and LCL lines available to banks. The potential adverse effect of these and future withdrawals on our financial condition, liquidity levels, the ability to obtain funding from the AFPs and results of our operations cannot yet be ascertained.

 

A fourth 10% pension fund withdrawal is currently being discussed in the Senate, which could mean that an additional US$17 billion could be withdrawn from Chilean AFPs. Withdrawals had an immediate impact on local fixed income capital markets and between December 31, 2020 and June 30, 2021, the yield on Chile’s 10Y Central Bank nominal bond increased from 2.6% to 4.57%. As of September 30, 2021, the yield reached 5.52%. These extraordinary withdrawals have resulted in lower funding from AFP. In addition, there is a discussion to enforce a law that would allow pensioners who receive an annuity to be eligible to receive an advancement. The FMC has stated that this new advancement of annuities could materially affect the solvency of life insurance companies with the subsequent negative impacts on capital markets.

 

Chilean regulations also impose a series of restrictions on how Chilean AFPs may allocate their assets. In the particular case of financial issuers’ there are three restrictions, each involving different assets and different limits determined by the amount of assets in each fund and the market and book value of the issuer’s equity. As a consequence, limits vary within funds of AFPs and issuers. According to our estimates in June 2021, the AFPs still had the possibility of being able to invest another U.S.$8.2 billion in the Bank via equity, deposits and fixed income. If the exposure of any AFP to Santander-Chile exceeds the regulatory limits, the regulatory limits are reduced or the amount of funds available in the pension funds falls significantly, we would need to seek alternative sources of funding, which could be more expensive and, as a consequence, may have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

 

A change in labor laws in Chile or a worsening of labor relations in the Bank could impact our business.

 

As of June 30, 2021, on a consolidated basis, we had 10,240 employees, of which 73.7% were unionized. In February 2021, a new collective bargaining agreement was signed with the main unions ahead of schedule, which became effective as of September 1, 2021 and expires on December 31, 2024. We generally apply the terms of our collective bargaining agreement to unionized and non-unionized employees. We have traditionally had good relations with our employees and their unions, but we cannot assure you that in the future, a strengthening of cross-industry labor movements will not materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition or results of operations.

 

There is currently a new labor reform being discussed in Congress, which, among other items, shortens the work week from 45 hours to 40 hours, excluding the lunch break. There is also discussion to increase minimum wage currently set at Ch$301,000/month (US$415/month) by up to 50%. At Santander Chile, the weekly working hours agreed under the collective bargaining agreement are 40 hours, excluding lunch, and our minimum wage is set above the legal minimum. Despite this, we cannot assure at this time that the new labor reform will not have material impact on our expenses.

 

There is a currently a law being discussed in Congress to modify the Gratificación Legal. This is a type of benefit included in remunerations that corresponds to the part of a company’s profits that must be distributed to workers. In accordance with the provisions of article 47 of the Labor Code, employers who obtain profits in their business have the obligation to annually reward their workers, with no less than 30% of said profits or by way of article 50, paying the worker 25% of a workers yearly wage with a limit of 4.75 minimum monthly wages. The new bill being discussed seeks to modify the Labor Code regarding the participation of workers in the profits of companies. The new bill proposes to modify the aforementioned code to make effective a fixed payment of 25% of a

 

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worker’s salary during the year with a limit of 6 minimum monthly wages and between 8% and 15% of a company’s profits depending on annual sales.

 

These and any additional legislative or regulatory actions in Chile, Spain, the European Union, the United States or other countries, and any required changes to our business operations resulting from such legislation and regulations, could result in reduced capital availability, significant loss of revenue, limit our ability to continue organic growth (including increased lending), pursue business opportunities in which we might otherwise consider engaging and provide certain products and services, affect the value of assets that we hold, require us to increase our prices and therefore reduce demand for our products, impose additional costs on us or otherwise adversely affect our businesses. Accordingly, we cannot provide assurance that any such new legislation or regulations would not have an adverse effect on our business, results of operations or financial condition in the future.

 

Modifications to reserve requirements may affect our business.

 

Deposits are subject to a reserve requirement of 9.0% for demand deposits and 3.6% for time deposits (with terms of less than one year). The Central Bank has statutory authority to require banks to maintain reserves of up to an average of 40.0% for demand deposits and up to 20.0% for time deposits (irrespective, in each case, of the currency in which these deposits are denominated) to implement monetary policy. In addition, to the extent that the aggregate amount of the following types of liabilities exceeds 2.5 times the amount of a bank’s regulatory capital, a bank must maintain a 100% reserve against them: demand deposits, deposits in checking accounts, obligations payable on sight incurred in the ordinary course of business and, in general, all deposits unconditionally payable immediately. The New General Banking Law also states that the FMC, with the approval from the Central Bank, may lower this threshold from 2.5 times to 1.5 times a bank’s regulatory capital for a bank considered to be a SIB. This could lead to lower loan growth and have a negative effect on our business. As of June 30, 2021, the Central Bank required us to maintain an additional technical reserve of Ch$6,159,556 million, representing 34.8% of our demand deposits, due to the strong rise in demand deposits since the beginning of the pandemic.

 

Political, legal, regulatory and economic uncertainty arising from social unrest and the resulting social reforms, as well as the referendum on Chile’s constitution, could adversely impact the Bank’s business.

 

During October 2019, growing public concern over perceived social inequality led to a rise in social unrest. The social unrest caused commercial disruptions throughout the country, especially in Santiago and other major cities, including Valparaíso and Concepción. After three weeks of nationwide protests, the Chilean government announced in November 2019 that it would initiate a process to draft a new constitution for Chile. When the government announced the process of enacting a new constitution, there was increased volatility in the Chilean stock market and exchange rate fluctuations that resulted in a weakening of the Chilean peso against the U.S. dollar. The share prices on local banks and bond spreads, including Santander Chile, suffered significant declines in the market. In November 2020, a referendum was held to vote on two matters: (i) whether a new constitution should be enacted and (ii) if so, whether a constituent convention should be comprised of an elected mixed assembly of current Congress members and newly elected persons or entirely comprised of newly-elected citizens. This referendum resulted in ample support for convening a fully elected Constitutional Convention to draft Chile’s new constitution. The election of the members of this convention was held in April 2021. In May 2021 the convention began the process of writing Chile’s new constitution. Each new article of the Constitution will have to be approved by two thirds of the convention, a rule that was ratified in September 2021 by the convention itself. The Constitutional Convention will have approximately one year, from May 2021 to complete the draft of the constitution. An exit referendum with compulsory participation will then be held to ratify the new constitution. The long-term effects of the new constitution are hard to predict, but could include slower economic growth and higher taxes, which could adversely affect the Bank’s profitability and prospects.

 

C. Recent Developments

 

Political and Economic Conditions in Chile

 

As of the date of this Report, Chile has lifted many of its restrictions originally imposed as a consequence of the COVID-19 pandemic, and vaccination of the Chilean population against COVID-19 is well under way. The process

 

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to vaccinate the population began in February 2021, and as of October 2021, over 14.1 million people were already fully vaccinated, representing 81.7% of the target population and 74.1% of the total population.

 

The government has also rolled out a series of measures to increase liquidity for households, including a new universal emergency fund (IFE) that is available for 90% of Chilean households, benefiting around 14.8 million people in May 2021. These households received a monthly income for the months June, July, and August, amounting to a total estimated government expense of U.S.$ 8.7 billion, and then a further 50% of this expense for the months September to December. This was later modified, and Chileans will receive 100% of the payment during the months of October through December 2021.

 

In July 2020, a law was passed permitting Chileans to withdraw a minimum of UF35 (U.S.$1,200) and a maximum of UF150 (U.S.$5,300) from their pension funds. For those that have funds below UF35, they were able to take out the total amount of their savings. The draw down was tax-free and approximately U.S.$19.7 billion was withdrawn. Then in December 2020, a second pension fund withdrawal was approved, although this time it was not tax-exempt. This added another U.S.$16.0 billion in liquidity to the system. On April 27, 2021, a third withdrawal was approved and added a further U.S.$13.3 billion of liquidity into the system as of September 2021. This immediate injection of cash to households contributed to higher consumption, higher inflation and positively impacted asset quality. Currently, the Senate is discussing a fourth pension fund withdrawal, which would inject a further U.S.$17 billion to the system. The Chilean government has begun a process of discussing a tax reform and a pension reform to make-up for these pension withdrawals.

 

On January 4, 2021, Law No. 21,299 was published in the Official Gazette, allowing financial institutions to grant “postponement loans” (créditos de postergación) to mortgage loans debtors with the sole purpose of refinancing up to six monthly installments of mortgage secured loans. The postponement loans will be guaranteed by the FOGAPE and will be exclusively used to pay the deferred installments of mortgage secured loans. In addition, postponement loans will not be subject to stamp taxes and their interest rate will not exceed the rate of the related original mortgage secured loans installments.

 

All this liquidity has increased inflation, with CPI inflation reaching 2.1% in the first six months of 2021. Inflation is expected to continue increasing in 2021. Moreover, if the fourth pension fund withdrawal is approved, it is likely to pressure inflation upwards once again. As a result of this, GDP forecasts have also increased in the year, with GDP growth expected to reach 10% this year. The Central Bank has also begun increasing the Monetary Policy Rate, after leaving it at the technical minimum of 0.5% throughout the pandemic. The Central Bank increased the Monetary Policy Rate from 0.5% to 0.75% in July 2021, to 1.5% in August 2021 and to 2.75 in October 2021.

 

As a result of the social unrest in October 2019, the Chilean population decided to write a new Constitution which will be written by a Constitutional Convention made up of 155 members. The election of the members of this convention was held in April 2021, with most of the members elected not affiliated to any political party. Each new article of the Constitution will have to be approved by two thirds of the convention, a rule that was ratified in September 2021 by the convention itself. The Constitutional Convention will have approximately one year from May 2021 to complete the draft of the constitution. An exit referendum with compulsory participation will then be held to ratify the new constitution.

 

Presidential and parliamentary elections will also be held on November 21, 2021. In order to be elected President a candidate will need more than 50% of the votes, and a runoff between the two candidates with most votes will be held on December 19, 2021 if no candidate receives over 50% of the votes. The winning candidate will be sworn in in March 2022. Elections for the Congress and Senate will also be taking place, with a complete renewal of the lower house of Congress and 50% of the Senate.

 

Other Developments

 

On July 6, 2020, “Sociedad Operadora de Tarjetas de Pago Santander Getnet Chile S.A” (Getnet) was incorporated as a subsidiary of the Bank. Getnet, our own acquiring business, was officially launched in February

 

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2021. Client reception has been high and Getnet has already sold approximately 28,000 POSs to more than 23,000 clients, of which 99% are SMEs.

 

The acquiring market has been going through significant changes in Chile. The Bank launched Getnet to compete with Transbank, the nation’s leading acquirer. Santander Chile was the first to implement a four-part pricing model, leading most acquirers and card issuers to migrate away from a three-part acquirer model, in which the acquirer set merchant discount rates (“MDRs”) and paid the banks that issued the card a percentage of MDRs. In the four-part model implemented by Santander Chile, the acquirer sets MDRs with its commercial clients and pays to the issuing banks an interchange fee set by the card brands (e.g. Visa or Mastercard). In August 2020, the Chilean Competition Court (Tribunal de Defensa de la Libre Competencia) forbade Transbank to apply new MDRs without the express permission of that Court. At the same time, Transbank was forced to pay interchange fees to card issuers that adopted the four-part model. These measures and an increase in competition triggered losses at Transbank and the need for Transbank to increase its capital base. Santander Chile currently owns 25% of Transbank S.A. This stake is for sale and is considered a discontinued operation. The FMC instructed Santander-Chile to participate in Transbank’s capital increase and therefore during July 2021 and September 2021, with our Board’s permission, Santander Chile disbursed Ch$2,500 million and Ch$4,999 million, respectively.

 

In July 2021, the Bank reached an agreement with Servipag, a franchise with over 200 cash payment centers across the country, through which clients can cash and deposit checks and pay loans, among other cash services. This should free up our branches for more value-added services going forward.

 

ITEM 2. OPERATING AND FINANCIAL REVIEW AND PROSPECTS

 

A.Accounting Standards and critical accounting policies

 

Please see Note 1 to our Unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements as of June 30, 2021.

 

B.Differences between IFRS and Chilean Bank GAAP

 

Chilean Bank GAAP, as prescribed by the Compendium of Accounting Standards of the FMC (the “Compendium”), differs in certain respects from IFRS. The main differences that should be considered by an investor are the following:

 

Suspension of Income Recognition on Accrual Basis

 

In accordance with the Compendium, financial institutions must suspend recognition of income on an accrual basis in their statements of income for certain loans included in the impaired portfolio. IFRS 9 and IAS 39 did not allow the suspension of accrual of interest on financial assets for which an impairment loss has been determined. As of January 1, 2018, the Bank adopted IFRS 9. Under IFRS 9, interest income is calculated by applying the effective interest rate to the gross carrying amount of financial assets, except for financial assets that have subsequently become credit-impaired (or “Stage 3”), for which interest revenue is calculated by applying the effective interest rate to their amortized cost (i.e., net of ECL provision). Off-balance interests are recorded as interest income only if the Bank receives the related payments. This difference does not materially impact our Unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

Charge-offs and Accounts Receivable

 

The Compendium requires companies to establish deadlines for the charge-off of loans and accounts receivable. IFRS does not require any such deadline for charge-offs. A charge-off due to impairment would be recorded, if and only if, all efforts at collection of the loan or account receivable had been exhausted. Accordingly, this difference does not materially impact our Unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

Assets Received in Lieu of Payment

 

The Compendium requires that the initial value of assets received in lieu of payment be the value agreed upon with a debtor as a result of the loan settlement or the value awarded in an auction, as applicable. These assets are required to be written off one year after their acquisition, if the assets have not been previously disposed of. IFRS

 

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requires that assets received in lieu of payment be initially accounted for at fair value. Subsequently, asset valuation depends on the classification provided by the entity for that type of asset. No deadline is established for charging-off an asset. The Bank has adjusted its Unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements, accordingly.

 

Loan loss allowances

 

Prior to the adoption of IFRS 9 on January 1, 2018, the Bank calculated loan loss allowances in accordance with IAS 39. The main difference between Chilean GAAP and IFRS 9 and IAS 39 regarding loan loss allowances is that loan loss allowances under Chilean GAAP are calculated using expected loss models based on specific guidelines set by the FMC, which in turn are based on an expected losses approach while IAS 39 used an incurred loss approach. According to both Chilean Bank GAAP and IFRS, loan loss allowances are calculated using expected loss models. The models adopted with IFRS 9 used an expected loss approach, however these are not in accordance with specific guidelines under Chilean Bank GAAP given by the FMC. The FMC has not yet adopted IFRS 9 for banks and therefore the Bank has adjusted the Unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements to fully comply with IFRS standards. The most significant impact of IFRS 9 on the Bank’s financial statements arises from the new impairment requirements. Impairment losses will increase and become more volatile for financial instruments in the scope of the IFRS 9 impairment model. Based on the assessment made the total impact (net of tax) of the adoption of IFRS 9 on the opening balance on the Bank’s equity at January 1, 2018 is Ch$82,454 million (net of tax).

 

Provisions for country risk and for contingent loan risk

 

Under Chilean GAAP, the Bank provisions for country risk to cover the risk taken when holding or committing resources with any foreign country. These allowances are established according to country risk classifications established by the FMC and therefore are not in accordance with IFRS as issued by the IASB. Our Unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements have been adjusted accordingly.

 

Under Chilean GAAP, the Bank has established allowances related to the undrawn available credit lines and contingent loans in accordance with the FMC. Prior to the adoption of IFRS 9, IAS 39 only permitted allowances following internal models based on incurred debt. With the adoption of IFRS 9, provisions for contingent loans are calculated based on expected credit loss. The Bank has adjusted its Unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements accordingly.

 

These differences do not materially impact our financial statements.

 

Additional Provisions

 

According to FMC regulation, with Board approval, a bank would be allowed to establish additional provisions over the provision limits already described, to protect themselves from the risk of non-predictable economical fluctuations that could affect the macro-economic environment or a specific economic sector. According to No. 10 of Chapter B-1 from the FMC Compendium of Accounting Standards (Compendio de Normas Contables), these provisions will be recorded in liabilities, like provisions for contingent loans.

 

Equity instrument at FVOCI

 

Under IFRS 9, the Bank may make an irrevocable election to present subsequent changes in the fair value of the equity instrument in other comprehensive income. Gains or losses on derecognition of these equity instruments are not transferred to profit or loss. Under Chilean GAAP, the Bank can apply IAS 39 and accordingly, account those equity instruments at cost. The Bank’s Unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements have been adjusted accordingly.

 

Loans at FVOCI

 

The Bank has determined to classify a small portion of its portfolio loans as fair value through other comprehensive income, when management expects to sell if market conditions are favorable, or when the Financial Risk Committee authorizes an operation to be sold entirely or in part. For IFRS 9 purposes, the Bank reclassifies

 

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those loans into a separate portfolio and determines its fair value. Under Chilean GAAP, those loans are accounted at amortized cost.

 

Deferred taxes

 

The Bank records, when appropriate, deferred tax assets and liabilities for the estimated future tax effects attributable to differences between the carrying amount of assets and liabilities and their tax bases. Due to the adjustments made to the consolidated financial statements, we adjust deferred taxes accordingly.

 

Provision for mandatory dividends

 

This provision is made in accordance with the Bank’s internal policy, pursuant to which at least 30% of net income for the period is distributed, except in the case of a contrary resolution adopted at the respective shareholders’ meeting by unanimous vote of the outstanding shares. While the Bank uses the same policy under Chilean GAAP and IFRS, the net income used to calculate the provision is adjusted in accordance with IFRS principles. However, for the distribution of dividends, the Bank uses the net income according to Chilean GAAP.

 

In the table below is a reconciliation as of and for the six-month period ended June 30, 2021 of the Bank’s Chilean Bank GAAP statement of financial position and Income Statement to IFRS.

 

  As of June 30, 2021
  Chilean Bank GAAP Reclassification Adjustment Total IFRS
ASSETS MCh$ MCh$ MCh$ MCh$
Cash and deposits in banks  7,512,113   —     —     7,512,113 
Cash items in process of collection  1,040,417   —     —     1,040,417 
Trading investments  43,815   (43,815)  —     —   
Financial assets held for trading (*)  —     43,815   —     43,815 
Investments under resale agreements  —     —     —     —   
Financial derivative contracts  6,304,870   —     —     6,304,870 
Interbank loans, net  7,637   (7,637)  —     —   
Loans and accounts receivables from customers, net  33,711,737   (33,711,737)  —     —   
Loans and account receivable at amortized cost (*)  —     33,719,374   (130,779)  33,588,595 
Loans and account receivable at fair value through OCI (*)  —     —     51,241   51,241 
Available for sale investments  7,071,313   (7,071,313)  —     —   
Debt instrument at fair value through OCI (*)  —     7,071,313   —     7,071,313 
Equity instruments at fair value through OCI (*)  —     —     173   173 
Held to maturity investments  —     —     —     —   
Investments in associates and other companies  10,490   —     —     10,490 
Intangible assets  84,434   —     —     84,434 
Property, plant, and equipment  184,657   45,952   —     230,609 
Right of use assets  189,027   (45,952)  —     143,075 
Current taxes  77,989   —     —     77,989 
Deferred taxes  631,756   —     (28,887)  602,869 
Other assets  1,942,497   —     9,525   1,952,022 
TOTAL ASSETS  58,812,752   —     (98,727)  58,714,025 
LIABILITIES                
Deposits and other demand liabilities  17,722,252   —     —     17,722,252 
Cash items in process of being cleared  952,459   —     —     952,459 
Obligations under repurchase agreements  58,861   —     —     58,861 
Time deposits and other time liabilities  11.755,807   —     —     11,755,807 
Financial derivative contracts  6.721,491   —     —     6,721,491 
Interbank borrowing  8.013,918   —     —     8,013,918 
Issued debt instruments  8.022,365   —     —     8,022,365 
Other financial liabilities  214,434   —     —     214,434 
Obligations for lease contracts  144,753   —     —     144,753 
Current taxes  —     —     —     —   
Deferred taxes  214,640   —     301   214,941 
Provisions  448,640   —     (173,607)  275,033 
Other liabilities  1,124,861   —     —     1,124,861 
TOTAL LIABILITIES  55,394,481   —     (173,306)  55,221,175 
EQUITY                
Attributable to the equity holders of the Bank  3,330,025   —     74,579   3,404,604 
Capital  891,303   —     —     891,303 
Reserves  2,548,965   —     1,594   2.550,559 
Valuation adjustments  (367,277)  —     1,812   (365,465)
Retained earnings  257,034   —     71,173   328,207 
Retained earnings from prior years  —     —     57,338   57,338 
Income for the period  367,191   —     19,765   386,956 
Minus: Provision for mandatory dividends  (110,157)  —     (5,930)  (116,087)
Non-controlling interest  88,246   —     —     88,246 
TOTAL EQUITY  3,418,271   —     74,579   3,492,850 
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND EQUITY  58,812,752   —     (98,727)  58,714,025 
                 

(*) Corresponds to reclassifications by line name FMC to IFRS.

 

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  For the six-month period ended June 30, 2021
  Chilean Bank GAAP Reclassification Adjustment Total IFRS
  MCh$ MCh$ MCh$ MCh$
OPERATING INCOME                
Interest income  1,217,766   —     —     1,217,766 
Interest expense  (348,671)  —     —     (348,671)
Net interest income  869,095   —     —     869,095 
Fee and commission income  257,161   —     —     257,161 
Fee and commission expense  (105,169)  —     —     (105,169)
Net fee and commission income  151,992   —     —     151,992 
Net income (expense) from financial operations  9,261   —     —     9,261 
Net foreign exchange gain  62,038   (1,575)  —     60,463 
Other operating income  10,316   —     (4,535)  5,781 
Net operating profit before provision for loan losses  1,102,702   (1,575)  (4,535)  1,096,592 
Provision for loan losses  (184,043)  1,575   26,017   (156,451)
NET OPERATING INCOME  918,659   —     21,482   940,141 
Personnel salaries and expenses  (200,659)  —     —     (200,659)
Administrative expenses  (135,686)  —     —     (135,686)
Depreciation and amortization  (58,324)  —     —     (58,324)
Impairment of property, plant, and equipment  —     —     —     —   
Other operating expenses  (51,385)  —     5,542   (45,843)
Total operating expenses  (446,054)  —     5,542   (440,512)
OPERATING INCOME  472,605   —     27,024   499,629 
Income from investments in associates and other companies  887   —     —     887 
Income before tax  473,492   —     27,024   500,516 
Income tax expense  (102,520)  —     (7,259)  (109,779)
Net income from continuing operations  370,972   —     19,765   390,737 
Income from discontinued operations  —     —     —     —   
NET INCOME FOR THE PERIOD  370,972   —     19,765   390,737 
Attributable to:                
Equity holders of the Bank  367,191   —     19,765   386,956 
Non-controlling interest  3,781   —     —     3,781 
Earnings per share attributable to                
Equity holders of the Bank:  1,949   —     0,104   2,053 

 

On October 7, 2021, The FMC published an updated version of the Compendium, which will become effective on January 1, 2022, which includes the accounting information required to make financial statements of the Chilean banks consistent with Basel III. In addition, some of the instructions of the current Compendium have been clarified, mainly regarding application of the following IFRS rules: (i) IFRS 9, on accounting treatment of instruments that may qualify as additional capital Tier 1 and Tier 2; (ii) IFRS-8, on mistakes associated to events of operational risk; and IFRS-37, on the determination of provisions due to operational risk. Chapter B-1 of the Compendium, on aggregate exposure of commercial loans has also been amended, though it will become effective on July 1, 2022.

 

C.Operating Results

 

Chilean Economy

 

All our operations and substantially all our customers are in Chile. Accordingly, our financial condition and results of operations are substantially dependent upon economic conditions prevailing in Chile. In 2020, the Chilean economy suffered due to the COVID-19 pandemic with extensive lockdowns in place, which led to an economic contraction of approximately 5.8% in 2020. However, as lockdowns have subsided and with the help of widespread vaccination of the population, direct cash transfers from the government to the Chilean population through the Emergency Family Income (IFE) and the three pension fund withdrawals, the Chilean economy is expected to recover quickly with GDP growth expectation of 10% for 2021. In 2022, GDP is expected to grow 1%-2%, as economic growth normalizes and government spending declines.

 

The unemployment rate has receded to 9.5% in June 2021 compared to 10.2% December 2020. However, the labor force participation has remained low and is still well below pre-pandemic levels, with a large part of women leaving the workforce during the pandemic to take care of their families.

 

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The exchange rate depreciated by 3.4% in the first six months of 2021, compared to a depreciation of 9.0% in the first six months of 2020. The strong depreciation in 2020 was due to the COVID-19 pandemic. During this year, the uncertainty stemming from possible new waves of COVID-19 infection, as well as the political uncertainty from potential further pension fund withdrawals, the Constitutional Convention, and upcoming Presidential elections have further depreciated the exchange rate. On October 13, 2021, the Central Bank suspended its program of accumulation of foreign exchange reserves that it had started in January 2021, to curb the depreciation of the Chilean peso and because of the level of foreign exchange reserves reached.

 

CPI inflation was 2.0% for the first six months of 2021, almost double to what inflation was for the first six months of 2020. Recently, and as a result of the higher inflationary pressures in the economy, the Central Bank has become more hawkish, increasing the MPR from 0.5% to 0.75% in July 2021, to 1.5% in August 2021, and to 2.75% in October 2021.

 

Total loans as of June 30, 2021 in the Chilean financial system, excluding loans held abroad by Chilean banks, grew 4.2% year-over-year. Total customer deposits (defined as time deposits plus checking accounts), excluding amounts held by Chilean banks abroad, increased 6.0% year-over-year as of June 30, 2021. The non-performing loans (defined as loans with an installment that is at least 90 days past-due) to total loans ratio decreased from 1.8% in June 2020 to 1.3% in June 2021. This decrease occurred due to the high liquidity levels in the system after the government approved various initiatives to help the population during the COVID-19 pandemic.

 

Segmentation criteria

 

The accounting policies used to determine the Bank’s income and expenses by reporting segment are the same as those described in the summary of accounting policies in “Note 1—Summary of Significant Accounting Policies” of the Bank’s Unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements and are customized to meet the needs of the Bank’s management. The Bank earns most of its income in the form of interest income, fee and commission income and income from financial operations.

 

To evaluate a segment’s financial performance and make decisions regarding the resources to be assigned to segments, the Chief Operating Decision Maker (CODM) bases his or her assessment on the segment’s interest income, fee and commission income, and expenses. The Bank’s reporting segments have three Chief Operating Decision Makers: (i) the Director of Retail banking, (ii) the Director of the Middle-market segment and (iii) the Director of Corporate and Investment banking, each of which report to our Chief Executive Officer. All reporting segment information is presented following this structure.

 

Under IFRS 8, the Bank has aggregated operating segments with similar economic characteristics according to the aggregation criteria specified in the standard. A reporting segment consists of clients that are offered differentiated but, considering how their performance is measured, homogenous services based on IFRS 8 aggregation criteria, thus they form part of the same reporting segment. The clients included in each business segment are constantly revised and reclassified if a client no longer meets the criteria for the segment they are in and transferred to a different CODM. Therefore, variations of loan volumes and profit and loss items reflect business trends as well as client migration effects. Overall, this aggregation has no significant impact on the understanding of the nature and effects of the Bank’s business activities and the economic environment.

 

The Bank’s reportable segments are (i) Retail banking, (ii) Middle-market, (iii) Corporate and Investment banking and (iv) Corporate Activities (“Other”). See “Note 4—Reporting Segments” of our Unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements for more information.

 

Results of Operations for the six-month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020

 

The following discussion and tables present financial information for Santander-Chile as of the dates and for each of the periods indicated. Financial information for Santander-Chile as of and for the periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 has been derived from our Unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements prepared in accordance with local Chilean Bank GAAP. These consolidated financial statements differ in some respects from our financial statements prepared in accordance with IFRS and included in the 2020 20-F. See “—B. Differences between IFRS and Chilean Bank GAAP.”

 

The following table should be read in conjunction with, and is qualified in its entirety by reference to, our Unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements appearing elsewhere in this Report.

 

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  Six months ended  
  June 30, 2021 June 30, 2021 June 30, 2020 % Change
2021/2020
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF INCOME DATA (in thousands of U.S.$)(1) (in millions of Ch$)  
Chilean GAAP        
Interest income and expense        
Interest income  1,663,433   1,217,766   1,153,152   5.6%
Interest expense  (476,274)  (348,671)  (384,510)  (9.3%)
Net interest income  1,187,159   869,095   768,642   13.1%
Fees and income from services                
Fees and commission income  351,274   257,161   226,967   13.3%
Fees and commission expense  (143,658)  (105,169)  (90,302)  16.5%
Total net fees and commission income  207,616   151,992   136,665   11.2%
Financial transactions, net                
Net income (expense) from financial operations  12,650   9,261   216,071   (95.7%)
Net foreign exchange gain (loss)  84,742   62,038   (116,001)  (153.5%)
Financial transactions, net  97,392   71,299   100,070   (28.8%)
Other operating income  14,091   10,316   11,939   (13.6%)
Net operating profit before provision for loan losses  1,506,258   1,102,702   1,017,316   8.4%
Provision for loan losses  (251,397)  (184,043)  (293,933)  (37.4%)
Net operating income  1,254,861   918,659   723,383   27.0%
Operating expenses                
Personnel salaries and expenses  (274,094)  (200,659)  (202,582)  (0.9%)
Administrative expenses  (185,343)  (135,686)  (127,804)  6.2%
Depreciation and amortization  (79,669)  (58,324)  (55,270)  5.5%
Impairment of property, plant and equipment  —     —     (638)  (100.0%)
Other operating expenses  (70,190)  (51,385)  (45,958)  11.8%
Total operating expenses  (609,296)  (446,054)  (432,252)  3.2%
Net Operating income  645,565   472,605   291,131   62.3%
Income from investments in associates and other companies  1,212   887   596   48.8%
Income before tax  646,777   473,492   291,727   62.3%
Income tax expense  (140,039)  (102,520)  (61,325)  67.2%
Net income from continuing operations  506,738   370,972   230,402   61.0%
Net income for discontinued operations  —     —     —     0.0%
Net income for the period  506,737   370,972   230,402   61.0%
Net income for the period attributable to:  —     —           
Equity holders of the Bank  501,572   367,191   228,873   60.4%
Non-controlling interests  5,165   3,781   1,529   147.3%
                 
 
(1)Amounts stated in U.S. dollars at and for the six months ended June 30, 2021 have been translated from Chilean pesos at the exchange rate of Ch$732.08 = U.S.$1.00 as of June 30, 2021. See “—Exchange Rates” for more information on exchange rates.

 

Results of operations for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020. Net income for the six-month period ended June 30, 2021 increased 61.0% to Ch$370,972 million compared to the same period of 2020. Our return on annualized average equity in the period was 19.8% in the six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to 12.2% in the same period in 2020.

 

Net operating profit before loan losses in the six-month period ended June 30, 2021 was Ch$1,102,702 million, an increase of 8.4% compared to the same period of 2020. Our net interest income increased 13.1% compared to the same period in 2020. Our net interest margin increased to 3.8% in the six-month period ended June 30, 2021 from 3.7% in the corresponding period of 2020. Net interest margins were mainly positively affected by the higher UF inflation rate in 2021 compared to 2020 and a cheaper funding mix, partially offset by a lower yielding asset mix.

 

Net fees and commission income increased 11.2% to Ch$151,992 million in the six-month period ended June 30, 2021 compared to the same period in 2020. This increase was driven by higher fees from retail banking as a result of our digital strategy where checking account clients have increased 52.9% at June 30, 2021 compared to the same date in 2020, with digital clients growing 39.4% and total clients increasing 12.5%. Fees earned from credit, debit and ATM cards increased 48.6% in the period due to higher usage of our cards and the switch to the four-part

 

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pricing model which now relies on interchange-fees. Fees from checking accounts increased 5.4% in the first six months of 2021 compared to the same period of 2020 mainly due to a rise in the Bank’s checking account base.

 

Total financial transactions, net, which is the sum of net income from financial operations and foreign exchange profit (loss), totaled Ch$71,299 million in six-month period ended June 30, 2021, a decrease of 28.8% compared to the same period in 2020. These results include the results of our Treasury Division’s trading business and financial transactions with customers, as well as results from our Financial Management Division. Client treasury services totaled Ch$87,130 million in the six-month period ended June 30, 2021, a rise of 15.0% compared to the same period in 2021 due to higher volatility in interest rate and foreign exchange markets that resulted in higher demand for hedging and a rise in business volumes of tailor-made treasury and cash management sold to specific corporate clients. The results from non-client treasury income totaled a loss of Ch$15,831 million in the six-month period ended June 30, 2021 compared to a gain of Ch$24,305 million in the same period in 2020. The decrease in non-client treasury income results was mainly due to various asset and liability management operations performed in 2021 that generated an initial loss when pre-paying bonds, but which should lower funding costs in future periods. This was offset by a lower loss from CVA adjustments generated by derivatives taken for hedging and gains from the sale of loans and charged-off loans compared to 2020.

 

Other operating income totaled a gain of Ch$10,316 million in the six-month period ended June 30, 2021, compared to Ch$11,939 million in the corresponding period in 2020. This decrease was mainly due to (i) a decrease in the recovery of assets previously charged-off; and (ii) lower income from the release of provisions for country risk.

 

Provision for loan losses, which includes the full amount of provisions recognized as a result of loan growth and change in risk totaled Ch$184,043 million in the six-month period ended June 30, 2021, a decrease of 37.4% compared to the same period of 2020. This was mainly due to a slight contraction of the loan portfolio accompanied by an improvement in asset quality. Impaired loans over total loans improved to 4.9% as of June 30, 2021 compared to 5.3% as of June 30, 2020 and non-performing loans compared to total loans improved from 1.9% to 1.3% in the same periods being analyzed. During the COVID-19 crisis, clients have had access to government subsidies along with the initiatives allowing them to withdraw up to a total of 30% of their pensions. As a result, these clients have had more liquidity and have improved their payment behavior. However as these are temporary effects, the Bank has established additional voluntary provisions as the definitive portfolio behavior trends remain uncertain. With this, in the six-month period ended June 30, 2021, the Bank has established Ch$42,000 million in additional provisions and Ch$30,000 million for the same period of 2020.

 

As a result of the factors mentioned above, net operating profit increased 27.0% in the six-month period ended June 30, 2021 compared to June 30, 2020 and totaled Ch$918,659 million.

 

Operating expenses in the first six months of 2021 increased 3.2% compared to the corresponding period in 2020. The efficiency ratio improved from 39.8% in June 30, 2020 to 37.5% in June 30, 2021. The 0.9% decrease in personnel salaries and expenses was mainly due to a 7.2% decrease in headcount to 10,240 employees as of June 30, 2021 offset by an increase in bonuses and severance payments. Administrative expenses increased 6.2% in the first six months of 2021 compared to the corresponding period in 2020, mainly due to higher IT and communications costs, as the Bank also continued to invest in IT. Depreciation and amortization expense increased 5.5% in the first six months of 2021 compared to the same period in 2020 and totaled Ch$58,324 million mainly due to higher depreciation of fixed assets, and higher amortization of software due to digital banking developments as part of our plan to improve productivity.

 

Other operating expenses were Ch$51,385 million in the first six months of 2021, an 11.8% increase compared to the same period in 2020 due to an increase in insurance premiums the Bank must pay to cover cyber fraud insurance fees after a law was passed in 2020 prohibiting the sale of this insurance product to clients, with banks assuming a greater share of cyber fraud costs. Our Other operating expenses for the six-month period ended June 30, 2021 were also impacted by the increase in the payments made to SK Bergé Financiamiento S.A. pursuant to the joint venture signed with that company, leading to a 29.1% increase in the balance of outstanding car loans of our subsidiary Santander Consumer Finance Limitada as of June 30, 2021 as compared to the balance of car loans outstanding as of June 30, 2020, especially in SK Bergé’s dealerships.

 

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Income tax expense by the Bank in the first six months of 2021 totaled Ch$102,520 million, a 67.2% increase compared to the same period in 2020. This was mainly due to the 62.3% increase in net income before taxes in the periods being analyzed. The Bank paid an effective tax rate of 21.7% in the first six months of 2021 compared to 21.0% in the first six months of 2020.

 

Net interest income

 

  Six months ended
June 30,
 % Change
   2021   2020   2021/2020
   (in millions of Ch$, except percentages)  
Retail banking  523,594   515,326   1.6%
Middle-market  168,318   164,555   2.3%
Corporate and Investment banking  46,427   53,325   (12.9%)
Total reporting segments  738,339   733,206   0.7%
Other (1)  130,756   35,436   269.0%
Net interest income  869,095   768,642   13.1%
Average interest-earning assets  45,598,697   41,182,855   10.7%
Average non-interest-bearing demand deposits  13,394,548   9,192,848   45.7%
Net interest margin (2)  3.8%  3.7%    
Variation of the Unidad de Fomento (UF)  2.2%  1.4%    
Average shareholders’ equity and average non-interest-bearing demand deposits to total average interest-earning assets  37.5%  31.4%    
             
 
(1)Consists mainly of net interest income from the Financial Management Division and the cost of funding our fixed income trading portfolio. Each segment obtains funding from its clients. Any surplus deposits are transferred to the Financial Management Division, which in turn makes such excess available to other areas that need funding. The Financial Management Division also sells the funds it obtains in the institutional funding market at a transfer price equal to the market price of the funds. This segment also includes intra-segment income and activities not assigned to a given segment or product line.

 

(2)Net interest margin is annualized net interest income divided by average interest-earning assets.

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 Our net interest income totaled Ch$869,095 million in the six months ended June 30, 2021, an increase of 13.1% from Ch$768,642 million in the same period of 2020. Average interest earning assets increased 10.7% in the same period, driven mainly by lower yielding financial investments.

 

Net interest income from our reporting segments grew 0.7% during the period in line with the 0.9% increase in average loans in the same period. The net interest margin in the six months ended June 30, 2021 increased to 3.8% compared to 3.7% in the six months ended June 30, 2020 primarily due to the higher UF inflation in the first six months of 2021. Because the Bank has more interest earning assets indexed to the UF than interest bearing liabilities, the higher inflation rate in the first six months of 2021 compared to the first six months of 2020 caused our average nominal interest rate earned on interest earning assets indexed to the UF to increase from 5.3% in the six-month period ended June 30, 2020 to 6.7% in the six-month period ended June 30, 2021.

 

The average nominal interest rate for interest earning assets denominated in pesos decreased from 6.9% in the six-month period ended June 30, 2021 to 4.8% in the same period of 2020. This reduction was mainly due to a lower yielding asset mix because of larger growth in (i) deposits in the Central Bank due to the increase of client balance in current accounts that triggered technical reserve requirements, and (ii) financial investments such as available-for-sale instruments due to the strong growth of the liquidity from checking accounts and credit lines of the Central Bank in a period of low loan growth. At the same time, the average balance of higher yielding consumer loans contracted 9.9% in the first half of 2021 compared to the same period of 2020. The lower rate obtained on foreign currency assets was due to a high growth of low yielding financial investments denominated in U.S. dollars, mainly U.S. Treasuries and overnight deposits in U.S. banks and a fall in U.S. dollar-denominated foreign currency commercial loans.

 

23 

 

Average nominal interest rate earned on interest earning assets June 30, 2021 June 30 2020
Ch$  4.8%  6.9%
UF  6.7%  5.3%
Foreign currencies  1.9%  3.0%
Total  5.3%  5.6%

 

The average rate paid on all of our interest bearing liabilities decreased slightly from 2.6% to 2.5% in the six-month period ended June 30, 2020 compared to the same period of 2021. On the one hand, the rate paid on UF denominated liabilities increased from 5.4% to 7.2% in the periods being analyzed, because of the higher UF inflation in the first half of 2021 compared to the same period of 2020. On the other hand, the average nominal interest rate paid on interest bearing liabilities denominated in pesos decreased 38 basis points to 1.6%. The Central Bank maintained the MPR at 0.5% in 2021. However on average it was still lower than the rate set by the Central Bank in the six-month period ended June 30, 2020, resulting in lower funding costs in nominal pesos, mainly time deposits. High levels of dollar liquidity led to a 13.8% growth of U.S. dollar-denominated time deposits and a reduction in the average rate paid on these deposits form 0.9% in the first half of 2020 to 0.1% in the same period of 2021.

 

Average nominal interest rate paid on interest bearing liabilities June 30, 2021 June 30, 2020
Ch$  1.6%  2.0%
UF  7.2%  5.4%
Foreign currencies  0.8%  1.8%
Total  2.5%  2.6%

 

The changes in net interest income by segment in the six-month period ended June 30, 2021 as compared to 2020 were as follows:

 

·Net interest income from Retail banking increased 1.6%. The balance of loans in this segment rose 4.7% in the six-month period ended June 30, 2021, driven by mortgage loans, which continued to grow steadily in the year, as rates remained relatively low compared to historical levels. Consumer loans decreased during the period due to the lower demand during the pandemic. Government aid coupled with the access to private pension accounts has also resulted in low demand for consumer loans. Retail also includes SMEs, which had a strong loan growth due to the strong demand of FOGAPE government-guaranteed loans in 2020 and 2021.

 

·Net interest income from the Middle-market segment increased 2.3%, due to improvements in funding costs driven by the rise in demand deposits.

 

·Net interest income in Corporate and Investment banking decreased 12.9% primarily driven by a decrease of 32.6% in loan balances in this segment partially offset by an improved funding mix.

 

·Other net interest income consists mainly of net interest income from the Bank’s ALCO, which includes the available-for-sale investment portfolio, deposits in the Central Bank, and the financial cost of supporting our cash position and investment portfolio for trading. The interest income of the investment portfolio for trading is recognized as net income from financial operations and not interest income. The result of the Bank’s inflation gap is also included in this line. The net interest income included as “other” increased from Ch$35,436 million in the first six months of 2020 to Ch$130,756 million in the first six months of 2021. This was due to the higher inflation rate in the first six months of 2021. As the Bank has more assets than liabilities linked to inflation when inflation increases, margins also increase.

 

24 

 

 

The following table shows our balances of loans and accounts receivable from customers and interbank loans by segment at the dates indicated.

 

  As of June 30, % Change
   2021   2020   2021/2020
   (in millions of Ch$, except percentages)
Retail banking  24,828,047   23,716,643   4.7%
Middle-market  8,238,078   9,119,748   (9.7%)
Corporate and Investment banking  1,533,073   2,273,420   (32.6%)
Other (1)  78,692   178,152   (55.8%)
Total loans  34,677,890   35,287,963   (1.7%)
 
(1)Includes interbank loans.

 

Fee and commission income

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020. Net fees and commission income increased 11.2% to Ch$136,665 million in the six-month period ended June 30, 2021 compared to the same period in 2020. This increase was driven by higher fees from retail banking as a result of our digital strategy which led to a 52.9% increase in the number of checking account clients at June 30, 2021 compared to the same date in 2020, with the number of digital clients growing 39.4% and number of total clients increasing 12.5%. This was led by our Santander Life digital checking account product. The following table shows client growth in our Retail banking and Middle-market segments for the periods indicated:

 

  Six months ended June 30, 2021 % Change 2021/2020
Total clients (1)  3,893,309   12.48%
Active clients (2)  1,905,885   24.32%
Loyal clients (3)  777,664   7.76%
Checking accounts (4)  1,666,361   52.91%
Digital clients (5)  1,867,167   39.41%
 
(1)Number of clients registered for at least one product.

 

(2)Number of clients that have used at least one product at least one time in the past month.

 

(3)Clients with four or more products plus a minimum profitability level and a minimum usage indicator, all differentiated by segment. SME and Middle-market cross-selling is differentiated by client size using a point system that depends on the number of products, usage of products and income net of risk.

 

(4)Total checking accounts held by individuals and companies.

 

(5)Number of clients that used at least one digital channel with password during the last month.

 

The following table sets forth certain components of our income from services (net of fees paid to third parties directly connected to providing those services, principally fees relating to credit card processing and ATM network administration) in the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020.

 

  Six months ended June 30, % Change
   2021   2020   2021/2020
   (in millions of Ch$)  
Credit, debit and ATM cards (1)  45,032   30,313   48.6%
Collections  12,596   14,459   (12.9%)
Insurance brokerage  20,773   23,392   (11.2%)
Letters of credit  17,988   18,097   (0.6%)
Checking accounts  18,635   17,681   5.4%
Custody and brokerage services  3,437   5,671   (39.4%)
Lines of credit  3,583   3,732   (4.0%)
Getnet  1,018   —     .–% 
Others  28,930   23,320   24.1%
Total fees and commission income, net  151,992   136,665   11.2%
 
(1)Excludes Getnet, our acquiring business which was launched in February 2021.

 

25 

 

Fees from credit, debit and ATM cards increased 48.6% in the first six months of 2021. Fees earned from credit, debit and ATM cards increased 48.6% in the period due to higher usage of our cards as online transactions increased and cash transactions decreased in frequency. The switch to the four-part pricing model for credit card usage fees, which is based on interchange-fees also drove growth of card fees. We also increased the number of ATMs during the year, from 1,104 at June 30, 2020 to 1,257 at June 30, 2021, giving us higher fees from clients from other banks and financial institutions using our machines.

 

Fees from checking accounts increased 5.4% in the first six months of 2021 compared to the same period of 2020. This was mainly due to a rise in the Bank’s checking account base. The number of clients with a checking account rose 52.9% in the six-month period ended June 30, 2021 compared to the same period in 2020, totaling 1,666,361. This was partially offset by a reduction in the price of some checking account plans following the elimination of various cyber insurance features previously included in these plans that, by law, had to be eliminated.

 

Fees from collections decreased 12.9% in the first six months of 2021 compared to the same period in 2020. This line item includes, among other items, credit-related insurance collected on behalf of insurance companies. During 2021 the lower origination of consumer loans negatively affected this line item.

 

Insurance brokerage fees decreased 11.2% in the first six months of 2021 compared to the same period in 2020 as a result of the pandemic. Brokerage of fraud insurance declined after a law was passed that made banks liable for cyber fraud and prohibited the sale of various insurance products for this item. This was partially offset by the increase in sales of car and life insurance policies, primarily due to advances in our digital platforms that have enabled clients to search for and purchase these products online more easily.

 

Fees from letters of credit and other contingent operations decreased 0.6% in the first six months of 2021 compared to the same period of 2020. This line corresponds to international and foreign trade financing business with clients with activity starting to recover as the risk of the pandemic dampens.

 

Brokerage and custody fees decreased 39.4% in the first six months of 2021 compared to the same period of 2020 due to lower activity in the local equity and fixed income market by Chilean institutional investors.

 

Fees from lines of credit decreased 4.0% in the first six months of 2021 compared to the same period of 2020, due to a decrease of usage of these lines as a result of the fall in consumption, the greater access to liquidity due to the withdrawal of pension fund savings and lower usage of these lines on behalf of companies in 2021.

 

The 24.1% increase in other fee income in the first six months of 2021 compared to the same period of 2020 was mainly due to some financial advisory services during the period with specific clients in the CIB segment.

 

The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated our fee income broken down by segment and sub-segment for the periods indicated:

 

  Six months ended June 30, % Change
   2021   2020   2021/2020
   (in millions of Ch$) 
Retail banking  123,218   107,930   14.2%
Middle-market  18,868   19,708   (4.3%)
Corporate and Investment banking  12,085   12,465   (3.0%)
Other  (2,179)  (3,438)  (36.6%)
Total fees and commission income, net  151,992   136,665   11.2%

26 

 

Fees from Retail banking increased 14.2% in the first six months of 2021 compared to the same period of 2020 mainly driven by card and checking account fees, increased by our digital initiatives such as Santander Life, which has helped increase the total number of checking accounts by 52.9% at June 30, 2021 as compared to the number of checking accounts as of June 30, 2020. This was offset by the negative impact of the new regulations regarding cyber fraud on insurance brokerage and checking account fees.

 

Fees from the Middle-market segment decreased 4.3%, primarily due to lower economic activity due to the pandemic.

 

Fees from the Corporate and Investment banking segment decreased 3.0% in the first six months of 2021 compared to the same period of 2020, mainly due to lower fees from lines of credit and brokerage partially offset by greater advisory and investment banking fees.

 

Fees in Other amounted to a loss of Ch$2,179 million in the six-month period ended June 30, 2021 to a loss of Ch$3,438 million in the six-month period ended June 30, 2020. This lower loss was mainly due to the switch to the four-part pricing model for our client credit and debit cards, which resulted in higher fees in Other as compared to the same period in 2020.

 

Financial transactions, net

 

The following table sets forth information regarding our income (loss) from financial transactions in the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020.

 

  Six months ended June 30, % Change
   2021   2020   2021/2020
   (in millions of Ch$) 
Net income from financial operations  9,261   216,071   (95.7%)
Foreign exchange profit (loss), net  62,038   (116,001)  --% 
Total financial transactions, net  71,299   100,070   (28.8%)

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020. Total financial transactions, net, which is the sum of net income from financial operations and foreign exchange profit (loss), totaled Ch$71,299 million in the six months ended June 30, 2021, a decrease of 28.8% compared to the same period in 2020. These results include the results of our Treasury Division’s trading business and financial transactions with customers, as well as results from our Financial Management Division.

 

Internal Bank policy does not allow significant foreign currency mismatches and requires that the results included in Total financial transactions, net include not only the mark-to-market of our foreign currency spot position, but also the results of the derivatives used to hedge currency risk. The mark-to-market of our spot position is included in the line item Foreign exchange profit (loss), net. This line item also includes the effect of those derivatives accounted for under hedge accounting rules. The derivatives used to hedge foreign currency risk are classified as trading and included in the line item Net income from financial operations. For more details regarding our management and exposure to foreign currency risk, see “Item 4.— Market Risk: Qualitative Disclosure—Market risk – Local and Foreign Financial Management.”

 

27 

 

The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, our net income (loss) from financial operations:

 

  Six months ended June 30, % Change
   2021   2020   2021/2020
   (in millions of Ch$) 
Derivatives classified as trading  11,194   180,068   (93.8%)
Trading investments  (3,253)  645   (604.3%)
Available-for-sale instruments sales  3,075   67,304   (95.4%)
Other results  (1,755)  (31,946)  (94.5%)
Net income (expense) from financial operations  9,261   216,071   (95.7%)

 

The results from net income (expense) from financial operations totaled a gain of Ch$9,261 million in the six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to a gain of Ch$ 216,071 million in the same period in 2020. This decrease was mainly due to:

 

(i)Lower gains in the sub-item derivatives classified as trading. Movements in foreign currency and local versus foreign interest rates affect this line item because it includes the valuation adjustments of our derivatives classified as trading, which are mainly comprised of forwards, interest rate swaps and cross currency swaps. We usually maintain a net liability spot position between short-term foreign currency assets and liabilities, which is hedged with derivatives classified as trading. In the first six months of 2021, the average exchange rate in this period depreciated 3.4% compared to 9.6% in the same period in 2020. These movements in the exchange rate and lower volatility led to overall lesser gains on the derivatives classified as trading compared to the same period in 2020.

 

(ii)The net loss from trading investments in the first six months ended June 30, 2021 was mainly due to the increase in rates across the Chilean yield curve compared to the same period in 2020 when rates fell sharply. In this line item, the mark-to-market and interest income of the trading fixed income portfolio are recognized. This fixed income portfolio is mainly comprised of Central Bank instruments and Chilean Treasury sovereign debt.

 

(iii)The results from our available-for-sale portfolio amounted to a gain of Ch$3,075 million in the six-month period ended June 30, 2021, a lesser gain than the Ch$67,304 million in the same period in 2020 due to lesser realized gains from the available-for-sale portfolio as in 2020 the decline in rates led to higher gains for this portfolio that were not repeated in 2021.

 

(iv)Other results totaled a loss of Ch$1,755 million in the six month period ended June 30, 2021 compared to a loss of Ch$31,946 million in the same period of 2020 when there was a larger loss from credit value adjustment of our derivative portfolio due to the growth of the Bank’s derivative portfolio and the increase in counterparty risk caused by the pandemic drove the rise in CVA loss last year.

 

The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, our net results from foreign exchange profit (loss):

 

  Six months ended June 30, % Change
   2021   2020   2021/2020
   (in millions of Ch$) 
Net profit or loss from foreign currency exchange differences  12,258   (356,559)  103.4%
Hedge-accounting derivatives  46,306   229,645   (79.8%)
Translation gains and losses over assets and liabilities indexed to foreign currencies, net  3,474   10,913   (68.2%)
Net foreign exchange gain(loss)  62,038   (116,001)  153.5%

 

28 

 

Net foreign exchange gains (loss) totaled a gain of Ch$62,038 million in the six-month period ended June 30, 2021 compared to a loss of Ch$116,001 million in the same period of 2020. This increase was mainly due to the following factors:

 

(i)Included in the results of this line item is the sub-line item Net profit or loss from foreign currency exchange differences, which totaled a gain of Ch$12,258 million in the first six months of 2021 compared to a loss of Ch$356,559 million in the same period of 2020. This result includes the mark-to-market of the Bank’s spot foreign currency position and results from our client foreign currency business, such as currency transactions and market making. We usually maintain a net liability spot position between short-term foreign currency assets and liabilities. In the first six months of 2021, the average peso to dollar exchange rate depreciated 3.4% compared to an average depreciation of 9.6% of the peso against the dollar with significantly lower volatility in the first half of 2021 compared to same period of 2020.

 

(ii)Included in the results of this line item is the sub-line item hedge-accounting derivative, which include results from derivative transactions we use to hedge the foreign currency risk of our long-term foreign currency funding. We generally have a net foreign currency asset position in our hedge-accounting derivatives. These are mainly cross-currency swaps that are accounted under hedge accounting rules. These derivatives produced a gain of Ch$46,306 million in the first six months of 2021 compared to a gain of Ch$229,645 million in the same period of 2020. These results are attributable to the exchange rate movement described above.

 

(iii)Finally, the Bank has some assets and liabilities that are in Chilean pesos but indexed to foreign currency. This position produced a translation gain in the first six months of 2021 of Ch$3,474 million. This exposure is also hedged.

 

29 

 

In order to compare the results more easily from financial transactions, net, we present the following table that separates these results by lines of business.

 

  Six months ended June 30, % Change
   2021   2020   2021/2020
   (in millions of Ch$) 
Client treasury products  63,726   59,475   7.1%
Market-making with clients  23,404   16,290   43.7%
Client treasury services  87,130   75,764   15.0%
Sale of loans and charged-off loans  737   —     N/A 
CVA adjustments  (3,159)  (14,883)  (78.8%)
Financial Management Division and others (1)  (13,409)  39,188   (134.2%)
Non-client treasury income (loss)  (15,831)  24,305   (165.1%)
Total financial transactions, net  71,299   100,070   (28.8%)
 
(1)The Financial Management Division manages the structural interest rate risk, the structural position in inflation-indexed assets and liabilities, capital requirements and liquidity levels. The aim of the Financial Management Division is to provide stability and continuity in our net interest income from commercial activities, and to ensure that we comply with internal and regulatory limits regarding liquidity, regulatory capital, reserve requirements and market risk.

 

Client treasury services totaled Ch$87,130 million in the six-month period ended June 30, 2021, a rise of 15.0% compared to the same period in 2021 due to continued strong demand for treasury and cash management services for corporate clients. These results may vary year-to-year as some large operations with corporate clients may not be repeated in subsequent years.

 

The results from non-client treasury income totaled a loss of Ch$15,831 million in the six-month period ended June 30, 2021 compared to a gain of Ch$24,305 million in the same period in 2020. These results include the income from sale of loans, including charged-off loans, CVA adjustments and the results from our Financial Management Division. This department manages the structural interest rate risk, the structural position in inflation-indexed assets and liabilities, capital requirements and liquidity levels. The aim of the Financial Management Division is to provide stability and continuity in our net interest income from commercial activities, and to ensure that we comply with internal and regulatory limits regarding liquidity, regulatory capital, reserve requirements and market risk. The decrease in this Division results was mainly due to lower realized gains from the sale of financial investments classified as available for sale. This was partially compensated by a lesser loss from CVA adjustments and higher gains from the sale of loans.

 

Other operating income

 

  Six months ended June 30, % Change
   2021   2020   2021/2020
   (in millions of Ch$) 
Income from assets received in lieu of payment  7,773   10,244   (24.1%)
Release of provisions due to country risk  24   317   (92.4%)
Other Income            
Leases  406   337   20.5%
Income from sale of property, plant and equipment  176   409   (57.0%)
Compensation from insurance companies due to damages  45   230   (80.4%)
Other  1,892   402   370.6%
Sub-total other income  2,519   1,378   82.8%
Total other operating income  10,316   11,939   (13.6%)

 

Other operating income totaled a gain of Ch$10,316 million in the six-month period ended June 30, 2021, compared to Ch$11,939 million in the corresponding period in 2020. This decrease was mainly due to a decrease in the recovery of assets previously charged-off. Recoveries have been affected by lock-downs due to the pandemic.

 

30 

 

Provision for loan losses

 

The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, certain information relating to our provision for loan losses.

 

  Six months ended June 30 % Change
   2021   2020   2021/2020
   (in millions of Ch$) 
Provision for loan losses  (173,121)  (267,175)  (35.2%)
Charge-off of loans  (46,595)  (62,635)  (25.6%)
Recoveries on loans previously charged-off  35,673   35,877   (0.6%)
Provision for loan losses, net  (184,043)  (293,933)  (37.4%)
Period end loans (1)  34,677,890   35,287,963   (1.7%)
Non-performing loans (2)  446,625   664,754   (32.8%)
Impaired loans (3)  1,691,481   1,875,052   (9.8%)
Allowance for loan losses (4)  1,126,516   1,024,589   9.9%
Impaired loans / Period end loans (5)  4.9%  5.3%    
Non-performing loans / Period end loans (2)  1.3%  1.9%    
Allowances for loan losses / Total loans  3.2%  2.9%    
Coverage ratio non-performing loans (5)  252.2%  154.1%    
 
(1)Loans and accounts receivable from customers, including Ch$ 7,643 million as of June 30, 2021 and Ch$8,727 million as of June 30, 2020 in interbank loans.

 

(2)Non-performing loans include the aggregate unpaid principal and accrued but unpaid interest on all loans with at least one installment at least 90 days past-due.

 

(3)Impaired loans include: (A) for loans individually evaluated for impairment, (i) the carrying amount of all loans to clients that are rated C1 through C6 and (ii) the carrying amount of loans to an individual client with a loan that is non-performing, regardless of category, excluding residential mortgage loans, if the past-due amount on the mortgage loan is less than 90 days; and (B) for loans collectively evaluated for impairment, (i) the carrying amount of total loans to a client, when a loan to that client is non-performing or has been renegotiated, excluding performing residential mortgage loans, and (ii) if the loan that is non-performing or renegotiated is a residential mortgage loan, all loans to that client.

 

(4)Allowance for loan losses for loans and accounts receivable from customers, including Ch$5 million as of June 30, 2021, Ch$10 million as of June 30, 2020 in allowance for loan losses for interbank loans. It also include additional provisions established due to the COVID-19 crisis, amounting to Ch$168,000 million as of June 30, 2021 and Ch$46,000 million as of June 2020.

 

(5)Calculated as allowance for loan losses divided by non-performing loans. Allowance for loan losses includes additional provisions established due to the COVID-19 crisis, amounting to Ch$168,000 million as of June 30, 2021 and Ch$46,000 million as of June 2020.

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020. Provisions for loan losses, net of recoveries totaled Ch$184,043 million in the first six months of 2020, a decrease of 37.4% compared to the amount of provisions recorded in the same period of 2020.

 

Provision for loan losses, which includes the full amount of provisions recognized as a result of loan growth and change in risk totaled Ch$173,121 million in the six-month period ended June 30, 2021, a decrease of 35.2% compared to the same period of 2020. This was mainly due to a slight contraction of the loan portfolio accompanied by an improvement in asset quality. Impaired loans over total loans improved to 4.9% as of June 30, 2021 compared to 5.3% as of June 30, 2020 and non-performing loans compared to total loans improved from 1.9% to 1.3% in the same periods being analyzed. During the COVID-19 crisis clients have had access to government subsidies along with several initiatives to withdraw money from pension funds. Therefore, clients have had more liquidity, improving their payment behavior. However as these are temporary effects and the future evolution of the pandemic still remains uncertain, the Bank has established additional provisions. As a result, in the six-month period ended June 30, 2021, the Bank has established Ch$42,000 million in additional provisions and Ch$30,000 million for the same period of 2020.

 

Charge-offs of loans totaled Ch$46,595 million in the six-month period ended June 30, 2021, a decrease of 25.6% compared to the same period of 2020. This decrease was primarily due to lower charge-offs in consumer and commercial loans as payment behavior improved for both these products supported by various government programs and access to pension funds. This led to improved payment behavior and lower charge-offs of non-performing loans.

 

31 

 

 

The following table shows charge-offs by type of loan for the periods indicated:

 

  Six months ended June 30, % Change
   2021   2020   2021/2020
   (in millions of Ch$) 
Charge-off of loans            
Consumer loans  (8,996)  (15,488)  (41.9%)
Residential mortgage loans  (4,677)  (5,036)  (7.1%)
Commercial loans  (32,922)  (42,111)  (21.8%)
Total charge-offs  (46,595)  (62,635)  (25.6%)

 

Recovery of loans previously charged-off decreased 0.6% and totaled Ch$35,673 million in the six-month period being analyzed. This decrease was primarily due to 23.5% decrease in recoveries from commercial loans due to lower commercial loan charge-offs stemming from improved asset quality in this loan product. This was offset by a 21.6% increase in the recoveries from consumer loans as some clients used government subsidies and money withdrawn from pension funds to re-pay loans charged-off in previous periods.

 

In some instances, we will sell a portfolio of charged-off loans to a third party. Gain (loss) on these charged-off loans is recognized as net income from financial transactions. In the first six months of 2021 gains from the sale of charged-off loans totaled Ch$1,728 million, as compared to Ch$11 million in the first six months of 2020.

 

The following table shows recoveries of loans previously charged-off by type of loan for the periods indicated:

 

  Six months ended June 30, % Change
   2021   2020   2021/2020
   (in millions of Ch$) 
Recovery of loans previously charged-off            
Consumer loans  18,519   15,226   21.6%
Residential mortgage loans  5,117   4,921   4.0%
Commercial loans  12,037   15,730   (23.5%)
Total recoveries  35,673   35,877   (0.6%)

 

The following table breaks down provision for loans losses, net by loan product.

 

  Six months ended June 30, % Change
   2021   2020   2021/2020
   (in millions of Ch$) 
Interbank loans  4   9   (55.6%)
Consumer loans  (43,300)  (97,289)  (55.5%)
Commercial loans  (41,343)  (162,599)  (74.6%)
Mortgage loans  (14,367)  (3,534)  306.5%
Contingent loans  (43,037)  (520)  8176.3%
Additional provisions  (42,000)  (30,000)  40.0%
Total(1)  (184,043)  (293,933)  (37.4%)
 
(1)Includes the full amount of provisions recognized as a result of loan growth and change in risk classification as well as the net result of provisions and charge-offs of loans analyzed on a group basis

 

The provision expense for consumer loans decreased 55.5% during the first six months of 2021. This was mostly due to improvements in asset quality of this portfolio, mainly due to the positive effect on consumer loan asset quality arising from government subsidies and the withdrawals from pension funds during the COVID-19 crisis. The consumer non-performing loans ratio improved from 1.7% in June 2020 to 0.9% in June 2021.

 

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Provisions for mortgage loans increased from Ch$3,534 million in the six months ended June 30, 2020, to Ch$14,367 million in the six months ended June 30, 2021. This was mainly due to the year-on-year growth of the mortgage loan book. Overall asset quality continued to improve with the impaired mortgage loan ratio improving from 3.7% in the six-month period ended June 30, 2020 to 3.1% in the six-month period ended June 30, 2020, whereas non-performing loan ratio improved from 1.5% to 0.8%.

 

The provision expense for loan loss for commercial loans decreased 74.6% as asset quality improved as the economy gradually began to re-open following the lockdowns enforced during the peak of the COVID-19 crisis. Commercial loan NPL ratio improved from 2.2% as of June 30, 2020 to 1.8% as of June 30, 2021.

 

The following table breaks down the balance of non-performing loans by loan product for the periods indicated:

 

  As of
June 30,
 % Change
   2021   2020   2021/2020
   (in millions of Ch$)         
Balance of non-performing loans (NPLs)(1) and as a % of loans            
Consumer loans  43,216   87,342   (50.5%)
  0.9%  1.7%    
Residential mortgage loans  99,395   177,816   (44.1%)
  0.8%  1.5%    
Commercial loans  304,014   399,596   (23.9%)
  1.8%  2.2%    
Total NPLs  446,625   664,754   (32.8%)
  1.3%  1.9%    
 
(1)Non-performing loans include the aggregate unpaid principal and accrued but unpaid interest on all loans with at least one installment at least 90 days past-due.

 

For a description of the provisioning models for our loan book, please see “—C. Selected Statistical Information—Classification of Loan Portfolio.”

 

The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, our net provision expense broken down by business segment:

 

  Six months ended June 30, % Change
   2021   2020   2021/2020
   (in millions of Ch$) 
Retail banking  (117,740)  (160,801)  (26.8%)
Middle-market  (24,246)  (56,949)  (57.4%)
Corporate and Investment banking  4,562   (37,351)  (112.2%)
Other  (46,619)  (38,832)  20.1%
Total provisions, net  (184,043)  (293,933)  (37.4%)

 

Net provisions expense from retail banking decreased 26.8% in the six-month period ended June 30, 2021 compared to June 30, 2020 due to improved asset quality for consumer, mortgage, and SME loans.

 

Net provision expense from the Middle-market segment decreased 57.4% in the six-month period ended June 30, 2021 compared to the same period in 2020 in part due to the contraction of the loan book by 9.7% and improved asset quality in this segment.

 

Net provision expense from Corporate and Investment banking totaled a release of provisions of Ch$4,562 million in the six-month period ended June 30, 2021 compared to provisions established of Ch$37,351 million for the same period of 2020, due to a 32.6% contraction of the loan book and the sale of two large corporate loans that were previously impaired.

 

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Total provisions, net included in Other increased 20.1% in the six-month period ended June 30, 2021 compared to the same period ended June 30, 2020. In Other provision expense, we mainly include the impact of the fluctuation of the exchange rate on our provision expense. This line item also includes the amounts set aside as additional provision. In the first half of 2021, the Board authorized the recognition of Ch$42,000 million of additional provisions compared to Ch$30,000 million in the six-month period ended June 30, 2020.

 

We believe that our loan loss allowances are currently adequate for all known and estimated incurred losses.

 

Operating expenses

 

The following table sets forth information regarding our operating expenses in the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020.

 

  Six months ended June 30, % Change
   2021   2020   2021/2020
   (in millions of Ch$) 
Personnel salaries and expenses  (200,659)  (202,582)  (0.9%)
Administrative expenses  (135,686)  (127,804)  6.2%
Depreciation and amortization  (58,324)  (55,270)  5.5%
Impairment  —     (638)  (100.0%)
Other operating expenses  (51,385)  (45,958)  11.8%
Total operating expenses  (446,054)  (432,252)  3.2%
Efficiency ratio(1)  37.5%  39.8%    
 
(1)The efficiency ratio is the ratio of total operating expenses to total operating income. Total operating income consists of net interest income, fee income, financial transactions, net and other operating income, net.

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2021. Operating expenses in the first six months of 2021 decreased 3.2% compared to the corresponding period in 2020. The efficiency ratio improved from 39.8% in June 30, 2020 to 37.5% in June 30, 2021.

 

The 0.9% decrease in personnel salaries and expenses was mainly due to a 7.2% decrease in headcount to 10,240 employees as of June 30, 2021 as compared to the number of employees as of June 30, 2020, offset by an increase in bonuses and severance payments.

 

Administrative expenses increased 6.2% in the first six months of 2021 compared to the corresponding period in 2020, mainly due to higher IT and communications expenses, as the Bank also continued to invest in IT to develop the Bank’s digital services and back-office platforms. Administrative expenses were also driven by the launching of Getnet, our new acquiring business that was launched in February 2021. The depreciation of the peso also led to higher IT costs as various providers are located outside of Chile and costs are denominated in foreign currencies. The Bank’s branch network decreased by 6.3% in the first six months of 2021 as clients moved to online banking services. The table below provides a breakdown of the Bank’s branch network during the periods indicated.

 

  Six months ended June 30, % Change
   2021   2020   2021/2020
Traditional branches  265   273   (2.9%)
WorkCafé  59   53   11.3%
Middle-market centers  7   7   0.0%
Santander Select  13   34   (61.8%)
Total branches  344   367   (6.3%)
Total ATMs (including depositary ATMs)  1,257   1,104   13.9%

 

Depreciation and amortization expense increased 5.5% in the first six months of 2021 compared to the same period in 2020 and totaled Ch$58,324 million mainly due to higher depreciation of fixed assets, and higher amortization of software due to digital banking developments as part of our plan to improve productivity.

 

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There were no impairment charges up to June 30, 2021, compared to Ch$638 million for the first six months of 2020.

 

Other operating expenses were Ch$51,385 million in the first six months of 2021, a 11.8% increase compared to the same period in 2020 due to an increase in insurance premiums the Bank must pay to cover cyber fraud insurance fees after a law was passed in 2020 prohibiting the sale of this insurance product to clients, with banks assuming a greater portion of cyber fraud costs. Other operating expenses also include an increase in the payments made to SK Bergé Financiamiento S.A. pursuant to the joint venture signed with that company, leading to a 29.1% increase in the balance of outstanding car loans of our subsidiary Santander Consumer as of June 30, 2021 as compared to the balance of car loans outstanding as of June 30, 2020, especially in SK Bergé’s dealerships.

 

See “Note 32—Other operating income and expenses” to our Unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements for more detail on Other operating expenses.

 

The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, our personnel salaries, administrative and depreciation and amortization expenses broken down by business segment. These amounts exclude impairment and other operating expenses.

 

  Six months ended June 30, % Change
   2021   2020   2021/2020
   (in millions of Ch$) 
Retail banking  (308,980)  (299,188)  3.3%
Middle-market  (43,921)  (46,574)  (5.7%)
Corporate and Investment banking  (36,421)  (35,203)  3.5%
Other  (5,347)  (4,691)  14.0%
Total personnel, administrative expenses, depreciation and amortization (1)  (394,669)  (385,656)  2.3%
 
(1)Excludes impairment and other operating expenses.

 

By business segment, the 2.3% increase in costs excluding impairment and other operating expenses in the six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to the corresponding period in 2020 was mainly due to a rise in costs in the Retail and Corporate and Investment banking segments. This rise in costs was driven by the increase in administrative expenses driven by higher IT investments and the launching of Getnet.

 

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Income tax

 

  Six months ended June 30, % Change
   2021   2020   2021/2020
   (in millions of Ch$) 
Net income before tax  473,492   291,727   62.3%
Income tax expense  (102,520)  (61,325)  67.2%
Effective tax rate(1)  21.7%  21.0%    
 
(1)The effective tax rate is the income tax expense divided by net income before tax.

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020. Total income tax expense by the Bank in the first six months of 2021 totaled Ch$102,520 million, a 67.2% increase compared to the same period in 2020. This was mainly due to the 62.3% increase in net income before taxes in the periods being analyzed. The Bank paid an effective tax rate of 21.7% in the first six months of 2021 compared to 21.0% in the first six months of 2020. The statutory corporate tax rate in Chile is currently 27%. The Bank, in its Chilean tax book accounting, must re-measure its capital each year for the variation in CPI inflation resulting in a lower effective tax rate compared to the statutory rate. See “Note 13—Current and Deferred Taxes” of the Unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements for more detail on income tax expense.

 

B. Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Sources of Liquidity

 

Santander-Chile’s liquidity depends upon its (i) capital, (ii) reserves and (iii) financial investments, including investments in government securities. To cover any liquidity shortfalls and to augment its liquidity position, Santander-Chile has established lines of credit with foreign and domestic banks and also has access to Central Bank borrowings.

 

The following table sets forth our contractual obligations and commercial commitments by time remaining to maturity. As of the date of this filing, the Bank does not have significant purchase obligations.

 

  Demand Up to 1 month Between 1 and 3 months Between 3 and 12 months Subtotal up to 1 year Between 1 and 3 years Between 3 and 5 years More than 5 years Subtotal after 1 year Total
As of June 30, 2021 (in millions of Ch$)
Obligations under repurchase agreements  —     58,861   —     —     58,861   —     —     —     —     58,861 
Checking accounts, time deposits and other time liabilities (1)  17,909,040   6,060,887   3,094,973   2,216,212   29,281,112   126,159   46,191   24,597   196,947   29,478,059 
Financial derivatives contracts  —     129,800   157,374   621,214   908,388   1,326,443   1,605,760   2,880,900   5,813,103   6,721,491 
Interbank borrowings  29,901   96,926   66,767   1,913,508   2,107,102   1,781,727   4,125,089   —     5,906,816   8,013,918 
Issue debt instruments      73,777   215,327   646,856   935,960   1,911,811   2,554,911   2,619,682   7,086,404   8,022,364 
Other financial liabilities (2)  1,474,006   50,499   3,633   24,711   1,552,849   45,415   36,079   38,852   120,346   1,673,195 
Total  19,412,947   6,470,750   3,538,074   5,422,501   34,844,272   5,191,555   8,368,030   5,564,031   19,123,616   53,967,888 
                                         
 
(1)Includes demand deposits and other demand liabilities, cash items in process of being cleared and time deposits and other time liabilities.

 

(2)Mainly includes amounts owed to credit card processors and to the Chilean Production Development Corporation (Corporación de Fomento de la Producción de Chile), the state development agency.

 

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Risk-Weighted Assets and Regulatory Capital

 

We currently have regulatory capital in excess of the minimum requirement under the current Chilean regulations. According to the New General Banking Law, a bank is required to have regulatory capital of at least 8.0% of its risk-weighted assets, net of required loan loss allowances, and paid-in capital and reserves (i.e., core capital) of at least 3.0% of its total assets, net of required loan loss allowances. For these purposes, the regulatory capital of a bank is the sum of: (1) the bank’s core capital; (2) subordinated bonds issued by the bank valued at their placement price for an amount up to 50.0% of its core capital, provided that the value of the bonds is required to be decreased by 20.0% for each year that elapses during the period commencing six years prior to their maturity; and (3) its voluntary allowances for loan losses, for an amount of up to 1.25% of its risk-weighted assets. Santander-Chile does not have goodwill, but if it did, this value would be required to be deducted from regulatory capital. When calculating risk weighted assets, we also include off-balance sheet contingent loans. The merger of Old Santander Chile and Santiago on August 1, 2002 required a special regulatory pre-approval of the SBIF (now the FMC), which was granted on May 16, 2002. The resolution granting this pre-approval imposed a regulatory capital to risk weighted assets ratio of 12.0% for the merged bank. This requirement was reduced to 11.0% by the SBIF (now the FMC) effective January 1, 2005. For purposes of weighing the risk of a bank’s assets, the New General Banking Law considers five different categories of assets, based on the nature of the issuer, the availability of funds, and the nature of the assets and the existence of collateral securing such assets.

 

The following table sets forth our consolidated and risk-weighted assets and regulatory capital as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 as required by the FMC.

 

  Consolidated assets as of Risk-weighted assets(1)
  June 30, 2021 December 31, 2020 June 30, 2021 December 31, 2020
  (in millions of Ch$)
Asset Balance (Net of allowances)        
Cash and deposits in bank  7,512,113   2,803,288   —     —   
Unsettled transactions  1,040,417   452,963   422,469   173,466 
Trading investments  43,815   133,718   21,396   14,655 
Investments under resale agreements  —     —     —     —   
Financial derivative contracts(2)  2,421,206   2,742,701   1,683,428   1,602,495 
Interbank loans  7,637   18,920   7,637   15,250 
Loans and accounts receivables from customers  33,711,737   33,413,429   26,615,215   26,651,340 
Available-for-sale investments  7,071,313   7,162,542   633,685   618,908 
Investments in other companies  10,490   10,770   10,490   10,770 
Intangibles assets  83,973   82,537   83,973   82,537 
Property, plant and equipment  184,657   187,240   184,657   187,240 
Right of use assets  189,026   201,611   189,026   201,611 
Current taxes  77,990   —     7,799   —   
Deferred taxes  631,756   538,118   63,176   53,812 
Other assets (3)  1,297,613   1,236,376   1,297,970   1,233,016 
Off-balance sheet assets                
Contingent loans  4,503,176   4,378,214   2,688,239   2,615,644 
Total  58,786,921   53,362,427   33,909,159   33,460,744 

      Ratio
  June 30, 2021 December 31, 2020 June 30, 2021 December 31, 2020
  (in millions of Ch$) % %
Core capital (5)  3,330,025   3,652,599   5.81 (4)        6.84 (4) 
Regulatory capital (6)  4,973,126   5,143,843     14.67 (5)          15.37 (5) 
                 

 
(1)

On August 21, 2020, the circular No. 2265 was issued by the CMF. The circular instructed the treatment for the loans guaranteed by the government (including FOGAPE and CORFO). Under the new regulation, these loans are now incorporated into category 2 of the risk-weighted asset classification, modifying its ponderation from 100% to 10%.

 

(2)“Financial derivative contracts” are presented at their “Credit Equivalent Risk” value as established in Chapter 12-1 of the Updated Compilation of Rules issued by the FMC.

 

(3)On March 30, 2020, the FMC published circular No. 2248, which indicates that the FMC has authorized the presentation of net positions of derivatives and guarantees granted to third parties, under the protection of bilateral compensation agreements recognized by the Central Bank of Chile for purposes of computing risk weighted assets for capital adequacy.

 

(4)As a percentage of total assets.

 

(5)Core capital excludes minority interest.

 

(6)As a percentage of risk weighted assets (BIS ratio).

 

Implementation of Basel III

 

On October 9, 2020, the FMC published the final regulations on regulatory capital to comply with minimum capital levels in accordance with Basel III and the New General Banking Law. The new regulation will become effective on December 1, 2021 and will be gradually phased-in until December 1, 2025. Pursuant to the proposed regulation, there will be three levels of capital: ordinary capital level 1 or CET1 (basic capital), additional capital level 1 or AT1 (perpetual bonds and preferred stock) and capital level 2 or T2 (subordinated bonds and voluntary provisions). Regulatory capital will be composed of the sum of CET1, AT1 and T2 after making some deductions, mainly for intangible assets, hybrid securities issued by foreign subsidiaries, partial deduction for deferred taxes and some reserve and profit accounts.

 

Under the New General Banking Law, minimum capital requirements have increased in terms of amount and quality. Total Regulatory Capital remains at 8% of risk-weighted assets which includes credit, market and operational risk. Minimum Tier 1 capital increased from 4.5% to 6% of risk-weighted assets, of which at least 1.5% must be made up of Additional Tier 1 (AT1), either in the form of preferred shares or perpetual bonds, both of which may be convertible to common equity. AT1 can represent up to 1/3 of CET1. The FMC also establishes the conditions and requirements for the issuance of perpetual bonds and preferred equity. Tier 2 capital is now set at 2% of risk-weighted assets.

 

During the 5-year phase-in period of BIS III capital requirements, banks will be allowed to temporarily complete their AT1 capital requirement with T2 instruments. This will be gradually phased out as follows:

 

Phase-out of exemption for T2 that can be included as AT1

% of RWA

December-20December-21December-22December-23
1.5%1.0%0.5%0.0%

 

In connection with the implementation of Basel III, Santander-Chile expects to issue a benchmark-sized AT1 instrument in the short term.

 

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Additional capital demands are incorporated through a Conservation Buffer of 2.5% of risk-weighted assets. The Central Bank may set an additional Counter Cyclical Buffer of up to 2.5% of risk-weighted assets in agreement with the FMC. Both buffers must be comprised of core capital.

 

The FMC, agreement with the Central Bank, also imposed additional capital requirements for Systemically Important Banks (SIBs) of between 1-3.5% of risk-weighted assets. This additional capital requirement will be gradually phased in by 25% beginning on December 2021 until December 2025. With the implementation of additional capital requirements for SIBs, the requirement imposed on Banco Santander Chile to have a minimum regulatory capital ratio of 11% compared to the 8% limit for most other banks in Chile will be gradually phased out and replaced by the new regulatory requirements for a SIB.

 

There are a total of four factors that are weighted to reach a market share:

 

1.Size (weighted at 30%): Includes total assets consolidated in the domestic market.

 

2.Domestic interconnection (weighted at 30%): Includes assets and liabilities with financial institutions (banks and non-banks).

 

3.Domestic substitution (weighted at 20%): Includes the share in local payments, deposits, and loans.

 

4.Complexity (weighted at 20%): Includes factors that could lead to greater difficulties regarding costs and/ or time for the orderly resolution of the Bank. These include the notional amount of OTC derivatives, inter-jurisdictional assets and liabilities and available-for-sale assets

 

The minimum amount of the sum of the factors to be considered systemic is 1000 bp, equivalent to a weighted participation of 10% of all four factors. The core capital additional charge depends on the size of the total factor, as set out in the table below:

 

Systemic LevelRange (bp)Core capital additional charge (% of risk-weighted assets)
I1000-13001.0%-1.25%
II1300-18001.25%-1.75%
III1800-20001.75%-2.5%
IV>=20002.5%-3.5%

 

The Central Bank may also require for a SIB: (1) the addition of up to 2% to the core capital to a bank’s total assets ratios; (2) a reduction in the technical reserve requirement trigger from 2.5 times regulatory capital to 1.5 times regulatory capital; and/or (3) a reduction in the interbank loan limit to 20% of regulatory capital of any SIB. Under this framework as of June 30, 2021, we were classified as a level II SIB.

 

The New General Banking Law also incorporates Pillar II capital requirements with the objective of assuring an adequate management of risk. The objective of this pillar is to ensure that banks maintain capital levels that are consistent with their risk profile and business model and encourages the development and use of appropriate processes to monitor and manage their risks. Pillar 2 also granted the regulators the power to impose greater capital requirements as a result of deficient evaluations of a bank’s internal capital adequacy assessment process (ICAAP), which should consider a bank’s risk profile and a strategy to sustain adequate levels of capital, even under stress scenarios. Pillar 2 also focuses on risks not considered in Pillar 1 such as reputational risks, concentration risks, liquidity risks and interest rate risks. The FMC, with at least four votes from the Council of the FMC, will have the power to impose additional regulatory capital demands of up to 4% of risk-weighted assets, either Tier I or Tier II, if it determines that the previous capital levels and buffers are not enough for a particular financial institution.

 

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The following table sets forth a comparison between the regulatory capital demands under the previous law, and those under the New General Banking Law:

 

Minimum capital requirements: Basel III, previous GBL and new requirements 

Capital categories 

 

Previous Law 

New General Banking Law 

(% over risk weighted assets)
(1) Shareholders’ Equity 4.5%4.5%
(2) Additional Tier 1 Capital (AT1) 1.5%
(3) Total Tier 1 Capital (1+2) 4.5%6.0%
(4) Tier 2 Capital 3.5%2.0%
(5) Total Regulatory Capital (3+4) 

8.0% 

8.0% 

(6) Conservation Buffer  2.5% CET1
(7) Total Equity Requirement (5+6) 

8.0% 

10.5% 

(8) Counter Cyclical Buffer up to 2.5% CET1
(9) SIB* Requirement 

Up to 6.0% in case of a merger

Between 1.0% - 3.5% CET1
(10) Pillar 2 

2.0% over regulatory capital in order to be classified in Category A solvency.

Up to 4% CET1, AT1 or Tier 2
 

* Systemically Important Banks

 

Risk Weightings

 

On December 1, 2020 the FMC published the final regulations for establishing risk weightings for calculating capital adequacy ratios under the New Banking Law.

 

The Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS) defines credit risk (CR) as the risk that a debtor or bank counterparty does not meet its obligations in accordance with the agreed terms. Credit risk is the most relevant in the Chilean banking industry. The mechanism in force today estimates Risk Weighted Assets by Credit Risk (RWCR) using a methodology based on the Basel I standard. The proposed standard method with Basel III standards is more advanced, since it has categories that depend on the type of counterparty and different risk factors. These categories are not based on accounting criteria, but rather on the underlying risk. Thus, all exposures that have mortgage guarantees, for example mortgage loans for housing, have a different treatment from those exposures not guaranteed by a mortgage. Additionally, in the case of mortgage-backed exposures, there will be different types of treatment depending on the type of real estate and whether the obligations are paid with income generated by the property itself. The new framework will also allow the use of internal methodologies, subject to compliance with minimum requirements. The new standard includes the possibility of reducing RWCR when considering credit risk mitigators, such as compensation agreements, guarantees and other compensations.

 

The Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS) defines operational risk (OR) as the risk of loss resulting from inadequate or failed internal processes, people and systems or from external events. This definition includes legal risk but excludes strategic and reputational that a debtor or bank counterparty does not meet its obligations in accordance with the agreed terms. In order to estimate the operational risk coefficient, two factors are considered:

 

1.The business indicator component (BIC): A component that considers interest income, interest earning assets, dividend income, financial transactions, fees, and other operational income and expenses. These are then multiplied by a marginal coefficient.

 

2.Internal Loss Multiplier (ILM): This component is based on 10 years of historical operational losses, or at least five years in some special cases.

 

BCBS defines market risk (MR) as the risk of losses arising from movements in market prices. The risks subject to market risk capital requirements mainly includes: interest rate risk, credit spread risk, equity risk, foreign exchange (FX) risk and commodities risk for trading book instruments; and FX risk and commodities risk for

 

39 

 

banking book instruments. The FMC will not permit banks to use internal models for calculating MRWA and instead has published standardized models that all banks must use.

 

The regulations for calculating RWA under the new guidelines must be implemented by December 1, 2021. We believe our current capital levels are adequate, but we cannot rule out having to raise additional capital in the future to maintain our capital adequacy ratios above the minimum required by the FMC.

 

Financial Investments

 

Financial assets are classified into the following specified categories: financial assets trading investments at fair value through profit or loss (FVTPL), “held to maturity” investments, “available-for-sale” investments (AFS) and “loans and accounts receivable from customers.” The classification depends on the nature and purpose of the financial assets and is determined at the time of initial recognition. All regular way purchases or sales of financial assets are recognized and derecognized on a trade date basis. Regular way purchases or sales are purchases or sales of financial assets that require delivery of assets within the time frame established by regulation or convention in the marketplace.

 

Effective interest method

 

The effective interest method is a method of calculating the amortized cost of a debt instrument and of allocating interest income over the relevant period. The effective interest rate is the rate that exactly discounts estimated future cash receipts (including all fees and points paid or received that form an integral part of the effective interest rate, transaction costs and other premiums or discounts) through the expected life of the debt instrument, or, where appropriate, a shorter period, to the net carrying amount on initial recognition.

 

Income is recognized on an effective interest basis for debt instruments other than those financial assets classified as at fair value through profit or loss.

 

Financial assets at FVTPL — Trading investments

 

Financial assets are classified as at FVTPL when the financial asset is either held for trading or it is designated as at fair value through profit or loss.

 

A financial asset is classified as held for trading if:

 

·it has been acquired principally for the purpose of selling it in the near term; or

 

·on initial recognition it is part of a portfolio of identified financial instruments that the Bank manages together and has a recent actual pattern of short-term profit-taking; or

 

·it is a derivative that is not designated and effective as a hedging instrument.

 

A financial asset other than a financial asset held for trading may be designated as at FVTPL upon initial recognition if:

 

·such designation eliminates or significantly reduces a measurement or recognition inconsistency that would otherwise arise; or

 

·the financial asset forms part of a group of financial assets or financial liabilities or both, which is managed and its performance is evaluated on a fair value basis, in accordance with the Bank's documented risk management or investment strategy, and information about the grouping is provided internally on that basis; or

 

·it forms part of a contract containing one or more embedded derivatives, and IAS 39 permits the entire combined contract to be designated as at FVTPL.

 

Financial assets at FVTPL are stated at fair value, with any gains or losses arising on remeasurement recognized in profit or loss. The net gain or loss recognized in profit or loss incorporates any dividend or interest earned on the financial asset and is included in the ‘net income (expense) from financial operations' line item.

 

40 

 

Held to maturity investments

 

Held-to-maturity investments are non-derivative financial assets with fixed or determinable payments and fixed maturity dates that the Bank has the positive intent and ability to hold to maturity. Subsequent to initial recognition, held-to-maturity investments are measured at amortized cost using the effective interest method less any impairment.

 

Available-for-sale investments (AFS investments)

 

AFS investments are non-derivatives that are either designated as AFS or are not classified as (a) loans and accounts receivable from customers, (b) held-to-maturity investments or (c) financial assets at fair value through profit or loss (trading investments).

 

Financial instruments held by the Bank that are traded in an active market are classified as AFS and are stated at fair value at the end of each reporting period. The Bank also has investments in financial instruments that are not traded in an active market but that are also classified as AFS investments and stated at fair value at the end of each reporting period (because the directors consider that fair value can be reliably measured). Changes in the carrying amount of AFS monetary financial assets relating to changes in foreign currency rates, interest income calculated using the effective interest method and dividends on AFS equity investments are recognized in profit or loss. Other changes in the carrying amount of available-for-sale investments are recognized in other comprehensive income and accumulated under the heading of Valuation Adjustment. When the investment is disposed of or is determined to be impaired, the cumulative gain or loss previously accumulated in the investments revaluation reserve is reclassified to profit or loss.

 

Dividends on AFS equity instruments are recognized in profit or loss when the Bank's right to receive the dividends is established.

 

The fair value of AFS monetary financial assets denominated in a foreign currency is determined in that foreign currency and translated into Chilean pesos as the described in f) above. The foreign exchange gains and losses that are recognized in profit or loss are determined based on the amortized cost of the monetary asset.

 

AFS equity investments that do not have a quoted market price in an active market and whose fair value cannot be reliably measured and derivatives that are linked to and must be settled by delivery of such unquoted equity investments are measured at cost less any identified impairment losses at the end of each reporting period.

 

Detail regarding the financial investments discussed above is presented below.

 

a) Trading

 

  As of June 30,

As of

December 31

  20212020
  (in millions of Ch$)(in millions of Ch$)
Central Bank and Government Securities        
Chilean Central Bank bonds  726   419 
Other Chilean Central Bank and government securities  24,103   131,827 
Subtotal  24,829   132,246 
Other Chilean Securities        
Chilean corporate bonds  17,507   1,472 
Subtotal  17,507   1,472 
Foreign securities        
Other foreign financial instruments  1,479   —   
Subtotal  1,479   —   
Investments in mutual funds  —     —   
Funds managed by related entities  —     —   
Subtotal  —     —   
Total  43,815   133,718 

  

b) Available-for-sale

 

  As of June 30, As of December 31,
  2021 2020
  (in millions of Ch$)
Central Bank and Government Securities        
Chilean Central Bank notes  764,804   1,008,450 
Other Chilean Central Bank and government securities  5,021,573   5,344,910 
Subtotal  5,786,377   6,353,360 
Other Chilean Securities        
Time deposits in Chilean financial institutions  494   492 
Mortgage bonds of Chilean financial institutions  12,353   14,022 
Other Chilean securities  1,944   2,217 
Subtotal  14,791   16,731 
Foreign Financial Securities        
Central Bank and Government Foreign Securities  728,466   269,803 
Other Foreign financial securities  541,679   522,648 
Subtotal  1,270,145   792,451 
Total  7,071,313   7,162,542 

 

Working Capital

 

As a bank, we satisfy our working capital needs through general funding, the majority of which derives from deposits and other borrowings from the public. (See “Item 3. Operating and Financial Review and Prospects—B. Liquidity and Capital Resources—Deposits and Other Borrowings” in our 2020 20-F). In our opinion, our working capital is sufficient for our present needs.

 

Cash Flow

 

The tables below set forth our main sources of cash. The subsidiaries are not an important source of cash flow for us and therefore have no impact on our ability to meet our cash obligations. No legal or economic restrictions exist on the ability of subsidiaries to transfer funds to us in the form of loans or cash dividends as long as these subsidiaries abide by the regulations of the New General Banking Law (Ley General de Bancos) and the Chilean Corporations Law (Ley de Sociedad Anónimas) regarding loans to related parties and minimum dividend payments. See our Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows in our Unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements for a detailed breakdown of the Bank’s cash flow.

 

  June 30,
  2021 2020
  Millions of Ch$
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities  5,060,994   (338,077)

 

Our operating activities generated cash of Ch$5,060,994 million in the first six months of 2021 compared to a loss of Ch$338,077 million in the same period in 2020. This increase was due to an increase in the number of checking accounts and volume of time deposits due to the added liquidity in the system, and lower loan growth in the period.

 

41 

 

  June 30,
  2021 2020
  Millions of Ch$
Net cash (used in) provided by investment activities  (34,960)  (21,390)

 

During the first six months of 2021, the Bank’s investment activities consumed cash in an amount of Ch$34,960 million compared to Ch$21,390 million in the same period in 2020. This increase was mainly due to a greater amount of purchases of property, plant and equipment and intangible assets. For more information, please see Note 1 b) of our Unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

  June 30,
  2021 2020
  Millions of Ch$
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities  (333,159)  312,892 

 

In the first six months of 2021 there was a net cash used in financing activities of Ch$333,159 million mainly explained by the Bank’s annual dividend payment. In the first six months of 2020, the effect of the annual dividend payment was counteracted by the issuance of a subordinated bond which resulted in receiving Ch$479,941 million, leading to Ch$312,892 million provided by financing activities.

 

Composition of Deposits

 

The following table sets forth the composition of our deposits and similar commitments at June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020.

 

  June 30, 2021 December 31, 2020
  (in millions of Ch$)
Demand deposits and other demand obligations        
Current accounts  14,000,211   11,342,648 
Other deposits and demand accounts  1,906,061   1,583,183 
Other demand obligations  1,815,980   1,635,062 
Subtotals  17,722,252   14,560,893 
Time deposits and other time deposits        
Time deposits  11,569,019   10,421,872 
Time saving accounts  179,472   153,330 
Other time deposits  7,316   6,589 
Subtotals  11,755,807   10,581,791 
Total deposits and other commitments  29,478,059   25,142,684 

 

Issued debt instruments

 

(a)Mortgage finance bonds

 

These bonds are used to finance mortgage loans. Their principal amounts are amortized on a quarterly basis. The range of maturities of these bonds is between five and twenty years. Loans are indexed to UF and pay a yearly interest rate.

 

  As of
June 30, 2021
   (in millions of Ch$) 
Due within 1 year  4,391 
Due after 1 year but within 2 years  3,154 
Due after 2 years but within 3 years  1,676 
Due after 3 years but within 4 years  440 
Due after 4 years but within 5 years  16 
Due after 5 years  0 
Total mortgage finance bonds  9,677 

 

(b)       Senior bonds

 

The following table sets forth, at the dates indicated, our issued senior bonds. The bonds are denominated principally in UFs or U.S. dollars, and are principally used to fund assets with similar durations.

 

  As of
June 30, 2021
 As of
December 31, 2020
  (in millions of Ch$)
Senior Bonds in UF  3,604,869   4,017,708 
Senior Bonds in U.S.$  1,396,194   1,263,714 
Senior Bonds in CHF  577,983   466,738 
Senior Bonds in Ch$  557,818   639,489 
Senior Bonds in AUD  127,945   125,781 
Senior bonds in JPY  111,072   68,093 
Santander bonds in EUR  167,755   168,466 
Total senior bonds  6,543,636   6,749,989 

 

The maturities of these bonds are as follows:

 

  As of
June 30, 2021
   (in millions of Ch$) 
Due within 1 year  925,883 
Due after 1 year but within 2 years  1,037,009 
Due after 2 years but within 3 years  851,421 
Due after 3 years but within 4 years  1,766,110 
Due after 4 years but within 5 years  768,580 
Due after 5 years  1,194,633 
Total bonds  6,543,636 

 

As of June 30, 2021, the Bank issued bonds for UF 4,000,000, U.S.$ 177,000,000, JPY 10,000,000,000 and CHF 150,000,000 detailed as follows:

 

Series 

Currency 

Amount 

Term 

Issuance rate 

Series approval date 

Series maximum amount 

Maturity date 

W1 

UF 

4,000,000 

5 years 3 months1.55%12-01-20186,000,00006-01-2025
TotalUF4,000,000   6,000,000 
USDUSD50,000,0002 years and 10 months0.71%02-25-202150,000,00012-28-2023
USDUSD100,000,0002 years and 11 months0.72%02-26-2021100,000,00001-26-2024

USD 

USD 

27,000,000 

7 years2.05%06-09-202127,000,00006-09-2028
TotalUSD177,000,000   177,000,000,000 
JPYJPY10,000,000,0005 years0.35%05-13-202110,000,000,00005-13-2026
TotalJPY10,000,000,000   10,000,000,000 

CHF 

CHF 

150,000,000 

6 years0.33%06-22-2021150,000,00006-22-2027
TotalCHF150,000,000   150,000,000 

 

(c)       Mortgage bonds

 

These bonds are used to finance mortgage loans with certain characteristics such as loan-to-value ratios below 80.0% and a debt servicing ratio of the client lower than 20.0%. All outstanding mortgage bonds are UF denominated.

 

The maturities of our mortgage bonds are as follows:

 

  As of
June 30, 2021
 As of
December 31,
2020
  (in millions of Ch$)
Due within 1 year  5,686   5,465 
Due after 1 year but within 2 years  9,128   8,773 
Due after 2 year but within 3 years  9,422   9,056 
Due after 3 year but within 4 years  9,726   9,348 
Due after 4 year but within 5 years  10,040   9,649 
Due after 5 years  37,998   42,044 
Total mortgage bonds  82,000   84,335 

 

As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Bank has not placed any mortgage bonds.

 

(d)       Subordinated bonds

 

The following table sets forth, at the dates indicated, the balances of our subordinated bonds. The following table sets forth, at the dates indicated, our issued subordinated bonds. The bonds are denominated principally in UFs or Ch$, and are principally used to fund the Bank’s mortgage portfolio and are considered to be a part of our regulatory capital.

 

  As of
June 30, 2021
 As of
December 31, 2020
  (in millions of Ch$)
Subordinated bonds denominated in U.S.$  —     —   
Subordinated bonds linked to the Ch$  202,634   202,634 
Subordinated bonds linked to the UF  1,184,418   1,154,905 
Total subordinated bonds  1,387,052   1,357,539 

 

The maturities of these bonds, which are considered long-term, are as follows:

 

  As of
June 30, 2021
   (in millions of Ch$) 
Due within 1 year  —   
Due after 1 year but within 2 years  —   
Due after 2 years but within 3 years  —   
Due after 3 years but within 4 years  —   
Due after 4 years but within 5 years  —   
Due after 5 years  1,387,052 
Total subordinated bonds  1,387,052 

 

During 2021, the Bank did not issue subordinated bonds.

 

(e)       Other obligations

 

Other obligations are summarized as follows:

 

  As of June 30, 2021
   in millions of Ch$ 
Long term obligations    
Due after 1 years but within 2 years  48 
Due after 2 years but within 3 years  53 
Due after 3 years but within 4 years  57 
Due after 4 years but within 5 years  63 
Due after 5 years  52 
Long-term financial obligations subtotals  273 
Short term obligations:    
Amounts due to credit card operators  142,066 
Acceptance of letters of credit  6,116 
Other long-term financial obligations, short-term portion  65,979 
Short-term financial obligations subtotals  214,161 
Other financial obligations totals  214,434 

 

Central Bank credit lines for renegotiations of loans

 

In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Chilean Central Bank has made two lines of credit available to banks to reinforce their liquidity and to fund loans for SMEs with government guarantees. These lines of credit bear interest at the Central Bank’s MPR.

 

The maturities of the Bank’s commitments under these credit lines are as follows:

 

  As of
June 30, 2021
   (in millions of Ch$) 
Due within 1 year  —   
Due after 1 year but within 2 years  —   
Due after 2 years but within 3 years  5,906,816 
Due after 3 years but within 4 years  —   
Due after 4 years but within 5 years  —   
Due after 5 years  —   
Central Bank credit lines for renegotiations of loans  5,906,816 

 

Other Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements and Commitments

 

In the normal course of our business, we are party to transactions with off-balance sheet risk. These transactions expose us to credit risk in addition to amounts recognized in the consolidated financial statements. The most

 

42 

 

important off-balance sheet item is contingent loans. Contingent loans consist of guarantees granted by us in Ch$, UF and foreign currencies (principally U.S.$), unused letters of credit and commitments to extend credit such as overdraft protection and credit card lines of credit. Such commitments are agreements to lend to a customer at a future date, subject to the customer compliance with the contractual terms. Since a substantial portion of these commitments is expected to expire without being drawn upon, the total amount of commitments does not necessarily represent our actual future cash requirements. We use the same credit policies in making commitments to extend credit as we do for granting loans, therefore, in the opinion of our management, our outstanding commitments represent normal credit risk.

 

The following table presents the Bank’s outstanding contingent loans as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020:

 

  As of
June 30,
 As of
December 31,
  2021 2020
  (in millions of Ch$)
Issued and documented letters of credit  295,353   165,119 
Confirmed foreign letters of credit  119,853   82,779 
Documented guarantees  1,157,884   1,090,643 
Other guarantees  446,473   441,508 
Subtotals  2,019,563   1,780,049 
Lines of credit with immediate availability  8,659,243   8,391,414 
Other irrevocable obligation  367,807   406,234 
Totals  11,046,613   10,577,697 

 

Capital Expenditures

 

The following table reflects capital expenditures in the six-month period ended June 30, 2021 and 2020:

 

  Six months ended June 30,
  2021 2020
  (in millions of Ch$)
Land and Buildings  970   2,326 
Machinery, Systems and Equipment  16,348   8,695 
Other  806   5,093 
Total  18,124   16,114 

 

The increase in capital expenditures in the first six months of 2021 was mainly due to higher expenses for systems due to higher investments in digital and IT services. This was partially offset by less investments in land and buildings.

 

C. Selected Statistical Information

 

The following information is included for analytical purposes and should be read in conjunction with our Unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements, as well as the discussion in this “Item 3. Operating and Financial Review and Prospects.” The UF is linked to, and is adjusted daily to reflect changes in, the previous month’s Chilean consumer price index. See “Item 4.— Market Risk: Quantitative Disclosure—Impact of Inflation.”

 

43 

 

Average Balances, Income Earned from Interest-Earning Assets and Interest Paid on Interest-Bearing Liabilities

 

The average balances for interest-earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities, including interest and readjustments received and paid, have been calculated on the basis of daily balances for us on an unconsolidated basis. Such average balances are presented in Chilean pesos, UFs and in foreign currencies (principally U.S. dollars). Figures from our subsidiaries have been calculated on the basis of monthly balances. The average balances of our subsidiaries, except Sociedad Operadora de Tarjetas de Pago Santander Getnet Chile S.A., have not been categorized by currency. As such it is not possible to calculate average balances by currency for such subsidiaries on the basis of daily, weekly or monthly balances.

 

The nominal interest rate has been calculated by dividing the amount of interest and principal changes in the UF index (gain or loss) during the period by the related average balance, both amounts expressed in constant pesos.

 

Foreign exchange gains or losses on foreign currency-denominated assets and liabilities are not included in interest income or expense. When a financial asset becomes credit-impaired and is, therefore, regarded as “Stage 3,” the Bank suspends the interest income recognition in the income statement. Similarly, trading and mark-to-market gains or losses on investments are not included in interest income or expenses. Interest is not recognized on non-performing loans. Non-performing loans that are past-due for 90 days or less have been included in each of the various categories of loans, and therefore affect the various averages. Non-performing loans consist of loans as to which either principal or interest is past-due (i.e., non-accrual loans) and restructured loans earning no interest.

 

Included in interbank deposits are checking accounts maintained in the Central Bank and foreign banks. Such assets have a distorting effect on the average interest rate earned on total interest-earning assets because currently balances maintained in Chilean peso amounts do not earn interest, and the only balances held in a foreign currency that earn interest are those maintained in U.S. dollars, but those only earn interest on the amounts that are legally required to be held for liquidity purposes. Additionally, this account includes interest earned by overnight investments. Consequently, the average interest earned on such assets is comparatively low. We maintain these deposits in these accounts to comply with statutory requirements and to facilitate international business, rather than to earn income.

 

The following tables show, by currency of denomination, average balances and, where applicable, interest amounts and real rates for our assets and liabilities for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and June 30, 2020.

 

 

For the six months ended June 30, 

 

2021 

2020 

 
 
 
 

Average Balance 

Interest Earned 

Average
Nominal Rate(1) 

Average Balance 

Interest Earned 

Average
Nominal Rate(1) 

Assets      
Interest earning assets      
Deposits in Central Bank      
Ch$1,651,2811,2340.1%594,2481930.1%
UF-   -   -%-   -   -%
Foreign currency-   -   -%-   -   -%
Total1,651,2811,2340.1%594,2481930.1%
Financial investments      
Ch$4,525,16619,8030.9%2,767,19027,0712.0%
UF1,742,61936,4834.2%998,27812,4932.5%
Foreign currency2,363,8436,2310.5%1,788,26410,6751.2%
Total8,631,62862,5171.4%5,553,73250,2391.8%
Commercial Loans      
Ch$8,031,090195,9314.9%7,107,713216,3376.1%
UF6,481,552231,1747.1%6,668,781188,7125.7%
Foreign currency2,535,72944,8693.5%3,460,96273,7504.3%
Total17,048,370471,9745.5%17,237,456478,7995.6%

44 

 

 

For the six months ended June 30, 

 

2021 

2020 

 
 
 
 

Average Balance 

Interest Earned 

Average
Nominal Rate(1) 

Average Balance 

Interest Earned 

Average
Nominal Rate(1) 

Consumer loans      
Ch$4,579,048241,66510.6%5,079,578303,08511.9%
UF12,2275729.4%16,5625777.0%
Foreign currency43,087--%46,298--%
Total4,634,362242,23610.5%5,142,438303,66311.8%
Mortgage loans      
Ch$2,689161.2%3,777211.1%
UF12,625,220439,4277.0%11,615,148318,3395.5%
Foreign currency-   -   -%-   -   -%
Total12,627,909439,4447.0%11,618,926318,3605.5%
Interbank loans      
Ch$-   -   -%7,458361.0%
UF-   -   -%-   -   -%
Foreign currency-   -   -%-   -   -%
Total-   -   -%7,458361.0%
Investment Agreements to resell      
Ch$2,626856.5%13,3322303.4%
UF46-   -%227-   -%
Foreign currency-   -   -%-   -   -%
Total2,672856.4%13,5592303.4%
Threshold(2)      
Ch$334,856850.1%353,4591160.1%
UF148,398-   -%156,310-   -%
Foreign currency519,2201920.1%505,2681,5160.6%
Total1,002,4742770.1%1,015,0381,6320.3%
Total interest earning assets      
Ch$19,126,756458,8184.8%15,926,757547,0896.9%
UF21,010,063707,6566.7%19,455,307520,1215.3%
Foreign currency5,461,87851,2931.9%5,800,79285,9423.0%
Total45,598,6971,217,7665.3%41,182,8551,153,1525.6%
Non-interest earning assets      
Cash      
Ch$744,510-    882,478-   744,510
UF-   -    -   -   -   
Foreign currency82,294-    130,259-   82,294
Total826,804-    1,012,737-   826,804
Allowance for loan losses      
Ch$(1,164,159)-    (970,441)-   (1,164,159)
UF-   -    -   -   -   
Foreign currency(7)-    (15)-   (7)
Total(1,164,167)-    (970,456)-   (1,164,167)
Fixed assets      
Ch$301,222-    298,837-   301,222
UF-   -    -   -   -   
Foreign currency-   -    -   -   -   
Total301,222-    298,837-   301,222
Derivatives      
Ch$6,726,284-    11,312,022-   6,726,284
UF-   -    -   -   -   
Foreign currency-   -    -   -   -   
Total6,726,284-    11,312,022-   6,726,284
Financial Investment (Trading)(3)      
Ch$213,937-    183,351-   213,937
UF32,668-    152,522-   32,668

45 

 

 

For the six months ended June 30, 

 

2021 

2020 

 
 
 
 

Average Balance 

Interest Earned 

Average
Nominal Rate(1) 

Average Balance 

Interest Earned 

Average
Nominal Rate(1) 

Foreign currency105,569-    102,206-   105,569
Total352,173-    438,080-   352,173
Other assets      
Ch$1,344,223-    1,412,892-   1,344,223
UF484,867-    343,964-   484,867
Foreign currency856,389-    926,613-   856,389
Total2,685,480-    2,683,470-   2,685,480
Total non-interest earning assets      
Ch$8,166,017-    13,119,139-   8,166,017
UF517,535-    496,487-   517,535
Foreign currency1,044,245-    1,159,063-   1,044,245
Total9,727,797-    14,774,689-   9,727,797
Total assets      
Ch$27,292,773458,818 29,045,896547,08927,292,773
UF21,527,597707,656 19,951,793520,12121,527,597
Foreign currency6,506,12251,293 6,959,85585,9426,506,122
Total55,326,4931,217,766 55,957,5441,153,15255,326,493
Liabilities And Share-Holders’ Equity      
Interest bearing liabilities      
Savings accounts      
Ch$3,42140.3%2,02130.3%
UF162,9443,3024.1%128,9591,6552.6%
Foreign currency-   -   -%-   -   -%
Total166,3653,3064.0%130,9801,6582.5%
Time deposits      
Ch$8,798,25821,5340.5%11,022,73391,6421.7%
UF226,3626,6225.9%838,46815,4033.7%
Foreign currency3,677,8852,4880.1%3,231,44914,9960.9%
Total12,702,50430,6430.5%15,092,650122,0401.6%
Central bank borrowings      
Ch$5,325,956-   -%1,154,49221-%
UF-   -   -%-   -   -%
Foreign currency-   -   -%-   -   -%
Total5,325,956-   -%1,154,49221-%
Repurchase Agreements      
Ch$133,3631010.2%151,0102,2483.0%
UF-   (2)-%-   20-%
Foreign currency15,718-   -%146,109-   -%
Total149,081990.1%297,1182,2681.5%
Mortgage finance bonds      
Ch$-   -   -%-   -   -%
UF10,2694749.2%16,1196307.8%
Foreign currency-   -   -%-   -   -%
Total10,2694749.2%16,1196307.8%
Other interest bearing liabilities      
Ch$1,141,81299,96217.5%1,524,10941,5215.4%
UF5,061,195186,2577.4%5,379,501152,7445.7%
Foreign currency3,815,71327,9301.5%5,498,21563,6282.3%
Total10,018,720314,1496.3%12,401,825257,8934.2%
Total interest bearing liabilities      
Ch$15,402,810121,6011.6%13,854,364135,4342.0%
UF5,460,770196,6537.2%6,363,048170,4525.4%
Foreign currency7,509,31630,4170.8%8,875,77378,6241.8%
Total28,372,895348,6712.5%29,093,185384,5102.6%

46 

 

 

For the six months ended June 30, 

 

2021 

2020 

 
 
 
 

Average Balance 

Interest Earned 

Average
Nominal Rate(1) 

Average Balance 

Interest Earned 

Average
Nominal Rate(1) 

Non-interest bearing liabilities      
Non-interest bearing demand deposits      
Ch$13,034,828-    8,934,558-    
UF60,698-    55,319-    
Foreign currency299,022-    202,972-    
Total13,394,548-    9,192,848-    
Derivatives      
Ch$6,933,183-    10,178,140-    
UF-   -    -   -    
Foreign currency-   -    -   -    
Total6,933,183-    10,178,140-    
Other non-interest bearing liabilities      
Ch$1,129,113-    1,232,013-    
UF748,765-    866,463-    
Foreign currency1,042,089-    1,644,293-    
Total2,919,967-    3,742,769-    
Shareholders’ equity      
Ch$3,705,899-    3,750,602-    
UF-   -    -   -    
Foreign currency-   -    -   -    
Total3,705,899-    3,750,602-    
Total non-interest bearing liabilities and shareholders’ equity      
Ch$24,803,024-    24,095,312-    
UF809,463-    921,783-    
Foreign currency1,341,111-    1,847,265-    
Total26,953,598-    26,864,359-    
Total Liabilities and Share-Holders’ Equity      
Ch$40,205,834121,601 37,949,676135,434 
UF6,270,233196,653 7,284,831170,452 
Foreign currency8,850,42630,417 10,723,03778,624 
Total55,326,493348,671 55,957,544384,510 
 
(1)Nominal interest rate is calculated using the annualized interest divided by the average balance

 

(2)Threshold is the asset generated when we post collateral for a derivative with a counterparty that has negative mark-to-market for us. Some CSD agreements permit this collateral to generate interest at the overnight rate and this is the source of interest income associated with this asset.

 

(3)Interest income from financial investment according to Chilean GAAP is recognized as income in the line item Net income (expense) from financial operations

 

Interest-Earning Assets: Net Interest Margin

 

The following table analyzes, by currency of denomination, the levels of average interest-earning assets and net interest earned by Santander-Chile, and illustrates the comparative net interest margins obtained, for each of the years indicated in the table.

 

47 

 

  Six months
ended June 30,
  2021 2020
  (in millions of Ch$)
Total average interest-earning assets        
Ch$  19,126,756   15,926,757 
UF  21,010,063   19,455,307 
Foreign currencies  5,461,878   5,800,792 
Total  45,598,697   41,182,855 
Net interest earned (1)        
Ch$  337,217   411,655 
UF  511,003   349,669 
Foreign currencies  20,876   7,318 
Total  869,096   768,642 
Net interest margin (2)        
Ch$  3.5%  5.2%
UF  4.9%  3.6%
Foreign currencies  0.8%  0.3%
Total  3.8%  3.7%
 
(1)Net interest earned is defined as interest revenue earned less interest expense incurred.

 

(2)Net interest margin is defined as annualized net interest earned divided by total average interest-earning assets.

 

Return on Equity and Assets; Dividend Payout

 

The following table presents certain information and selected financial ratios for Santander-Chile for the years indicated.

 

  Six months
ended June 30,
  2021 2020
  in millions of Ch$
Net income  370,972   230,402 
Net income attributable to shareholders  367,191   228,873 
Average total assets  55,326,493   55,957,544 
Average equity  3,705,899   3,750,602 
Net income as a percentage of (1)        
Average total assets  1.3%  0.8%
Net income attributable to shareholders as a percentage of (1):        
Average equity  19.8%  12.2%
Average equity as a percentage of:        
Average total assets  6.7%  6.7%
 
(1)Net income annualized

 

Dividends declared at the annual shareholders’ meeting of each year correspond to the Bank’s earnings of the previous year. The following table presents dividends declared and paid by us in nominal terms in the past four years:

 

48 

 

Year 

Dividend

in millions of Ch$ (1) 

Dividend

In millions of U.S.$(2) 

Per share Ch$/share (3) 

Per ADS U.S.$/ADS (4) 

% over earnings (5) 

2017330,646500.91.751.0670
2018423,611705.32.251.5075
2019355,141531.51.881.1360
2020 (6)331,256430.81.760.9160
2021310,468440.31.650.93          60
 
(1)Millions of nominal pesos.

 

(2)Millions of U.S.$ using the observed exchange rate of the day the dividend was approved at the annual shareholders’ meeting.

 

(3)Calculated on the basis of 188,446.1 million shares.

 

(4)Dividend in U.S.$ million divided by the number of ADS, which is calculated on the basis of 400 shares per ADS.

 

(5)Calculated by dividing dividend paid in the year by net income attributable to the equity holders of the Bank for the previous year under Chilean Bank GAAP.

 

(6)In 2020, shareholders of the Bank approved the distribution of 30% of the 2019 net income attributable to shareholders under Chilean Bank GAAP on April 30, 2020. This amounted to Ch$ 165,627 million (U.S.$ 198.0 million using the observed exchange rate of the day the dividend was approved at the annual shareholders’ meeting) or Ch$ 0.88 per share (U.S.$ per ADR 0.49). In the Extraordinary Shareholders Meeting held on November 26, 2020, a further 30% of the 2019 earnings was approved.

 

Loan Portfolio

 

The following table analyzes our loans by product type. Except where otherwise specified, all loan amounts stated below are before deduction for loan loss allowances. Total loans reflect our loan portfolio, including principal amounts of past due loan and substandard loans. Any collateral provided generally consists of a mortgage on real estate, a pledge of marketable securities, a letter of credit or cash. The existence and amount of collateral generally vary from loan to loan.

 

  As of
June 30, 2021
 As of
December 31, 2020
Commercial Loans:        
Commercial loans  13,527,991   13,559,895 
Foreign trade loans  1,147,089   1,239,271 
Checking account debtors  113,779   125,610 
Factoring transactions  539,319   497,679 
Student loans  59,512   63,380 
Leasing transactions  1,321,414   1,355,157 
Other loans and accounts receivable  218,079   196,544 
Subtotal  16,927,183   17,037,536 
Mortgage loans:        
Mortgage finance bond backed loans  6,078   7,809 
Mortgage mutual loans  88,936   92,960 
Other mortgage mutual loans  12,876,092   12,311,056 
Subtotal  12,971,106   12,411,825 
Consumer loans:        
Installment consumer loans  3,582,058   3,688,592 
Credit card loans  1,079,308   1,125,908 
Consumer leasing contracts  2,947   3,121 
Other consumer loans  107,645   123,258 
Subtotal  4,771,958   4,940,879 
Subtotal Loans to customers  34,670,247   34,390,240 
Interbank loans  7,643   18,930 
Total  34,677,890   34,409,170 
         

49 

 

The loan categories are as follows:

 

Commercial loans

 

Commercial loans are long-term and short-term loans, including checking overdraft lines for companies, granted in Chilean pesos, inflation linked, U.S.$ linked or denominated in U.S.$. The interest on these loans is fixed or variable and is used primarily to finance working capital or investments. General commercial loans also include factoring operations.

 

Foreign trade loans are fixed rate, short-term loans made in foreign currencies (principally U.S.$) to finance imports and exports.

 

Checking account debtors mainly include mortgage loans (fixed and variable rate) that are inflation-indexed long-term loans with monthly payments of principal and interest secured by a real property mortgage. These loans can be endorsed to a third party.

 

Factoring transactions mainly include short-term loans to companies with a fixed monthly nominal rate backed by a company invoice.

 

Student loans mainly include long-term loans made to finance tertiary education mainly in fixed real rates (UF) some of which some are guaranteed by the state. These loans, per Chilean regulations, must be classified as commercial loans since they are guaranteed by the Chilean State under Law 20.027 through CORFO, the government’s development agency.

 

Leasing transactions are agreements for the financial leasing of capital equipment and other property.

 

Other loans and accounts receivable loans include other loans and accounts payable.

 

Mortgage loans

 

Mortgage mutual loans mainly include mortgage loans (fixed and variable rate) that are inflation-indexed long-term loans with monthly payments of principal and interest secured by a real property mortgage. These are financed by issuing mortgage bonds.

 

Mortgage finance bond backed loans are inflation-indexed, fixed or variable rate, long-term loans with monthly payments of principal and interest secured by a real property mortgage that are financed with mortgage finance bonds. At the time of approval, these types of mortgage loans cannot be more than 75.0% of the lower of the purchase price or the appraised value of the mortgaged property or such loan will be classified as a commercial loan. Mortgage bonds are our general obligations, and we are liable for all principal and accrued interest on such bonds. In addition, if the issuer of a mortgage finance bond becomes insolvent, the New General Banking Law’s liquidation procedures provide that these types of mortgage loans with their corresponding mortgage bonds shall be auctioned as a unit and the acquirer must continue paying the mortgage finance bonds under the same conditions as the original issuer.

 

Other mortgage mutual loans mainly include mortgage loans (fixed and variable rate) that are inflation-indexed long-term loans with monthly payments of principal and interest secured by a real property mortgage. These are financed by our general borrowings.

 

50 

 

Consumer loans

 

Installment consumer loans are loans to individuals, granted in Chilean pesos, generally on a fixed rate nominal basis, to finance the purchase of consumer goods or to pay for services. This includes auto loans originated through Santander Consumer Chile.

 

Consumer loans through lines of credit are checking overdraft lines to individuals, granted in Chilean pesos, generally on a fixed rate nominal basis and linked to an individual’s checking account.

 

Credit card loans include credit card balances subject to nominal fixed rate interest charges.

 

Consumer leasing contracts are agreements for the financial leasing of automobiles and other property to individuals.

 

Other loans and accounts receivable from customers include draft lines for individuals.

 

Non-client loans

 

Interbank loans are long-term and short-term loans made to other local or international banks, granted in Chilean pesos or foreign currencies, usually at a variable rate linked to LIBOR or other interbank rates.

 

Loans by Economic Activity

 

The following table sets forth, at the dates indicated, an analysis of our client loan portfolio based on the borrower’s principal economic activity and geographic distribution. Loans to individuals for business purposes are allocated to their economic activity.

 

  Domestic loans (*) Foreign interbank loans (**) Total loans % of total loans
  As of June 30, 2021 As of December 31, 2020 As of June 30, 2021 As of December 31, 2020 As of June 30, 2021 As of December 31, 2020 As of June 30, 2021 As of December 31, 2020
  (in millions of Ch$)
Commercial loans                                
Manufacturing  1,373,930   1,378,221   —     —     1,373,930   1,378,221   3.96%  4.01%
Mining  171,357   433,615   —     —     171,357   433,615   0.49%  1.26%
Electricity, gas and water  385,662   384,274   —     —     385,662   384,274   1.11%  1.12%
Agriculture and livestock  1,330,645   1,345,864   —     —     1,330,645   1,345,864   3.84%  3.91%
Forestry  182,286   179,176   —     —     182,286   179,176   0.53%  0.52%
Fishing  262,264   234,151   —     —     262,264   234,151   0.76%  0.68%
Transport  764,507   777,601   —     —     764,507   777,601   2.20%  2.26%
Communications  336,247   331,115   —     —     336,247   331,115   0.97%  0.96%
Construction  987,205   959,369   —     —     987,205   959,369   2.85%  2.79%
Commerce  3,831,876   3,712,568   7,643   14,339   3,839,519   3,726,907   11.07%  10.83%
Services  2,780,802   2,863,338   —     —     2,780,802   2,863,338   8.02%  8.32%
Other  4,520,402   4,442,835   —     —     4,520,402   4,442,835   13.04%  12.91%
Subtotals  16,927,183   17,042,127   7,643   14,339   16,934,826   17,056,466   48.83%  49.57%
Mortgage loans  12,971,106   12,411,825   —     —     12,971,106   12,411,825   37.40%  36.07%
Consumer loans  4,771,958   4,940,879   —     —     4,771,958   4,940,879   13.76%  14.36%
Total  34,670,247   34,394,831   7,643   14,339   34,677,890   34,409,170   100.00%  100.00%
 
(*)Includes domestic interbank loans for Ch$ 0 as of June 30, 2021 (Ch$ 4,591 million as of December 31, 2020), see Note 8 of the Unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

(**)Includes foreign interbank loans for Ch$ 7,643 million as of June 30, 2021 (Ch$ 14,339 million as of December 31, 2020), see Note 8 of the Unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

51 

 

Classification of Loan Portfolio

 

The Bank continuously evaluates the entire loan portfolio and contingent loans, as it is established by the FMC, to timely provide the necessary and sufficient provisions to cover expected losses associated with the characteristics of the debtors and their loans, which determine payment behavior and recovery.

 

The Bank has established allowances to cover probable losses on loans and account receivables in accordance with instructions issued by the Financial Markets Commission (FMC) and models of credit risk rating and assessment approved by the Board’s Committee, including the amendments introduced by Circular No. 3,573 (and its further modifications) applicable as of January 1, 2016 which establishes a standard method for residential mortgage loans and complements and specifies instructions on provisions and loans classified in the impaired portfolio, and subsequent amendments.

 

The Bank uses the following models established by the FMC, to evaluate its loan portfolio and credit risk:

 

·Individual assessment - where the Bank assesses a debtor as individually significant when their loans are significant, or when the debtor cannot be classified within a group of financial assets with similar credit risk characteristics, due to its size, complexity or level of exposure

 

·Group assessment - a group assessment is relevant for analyzing a large number of transactions with small individual balances due from individuals or small companies. The Bank groups debtors with similar credit risk characteristics giving to each group a default probability and recovery rate based on a historical analysis. The Bank has implemented standard models for mortgage loans, established in Circular No.3,573 (modified by Circular No.3,584), and internal models for commercial and consumer loans.

 

I. Allowances for individual assessment

 

An individual assessment of commercial debtors is necessary according to the FMC, in the case of companies which, due to their size, complexity or level of exposure, must be known and analyzed in detail.

 

The analysis of the debtor is primarily focused on their credit quality and their risk category classification of the debtor and of their respective contingent loans and loans These are assigned to one of the following portfolio categories: Normal, Substandard and Impaired. The risk factors considered are: industry or economic sector, owners or managers, financial situation and payment ability, and payment behavior.

 

The portfolio categories and their definitions are as follows:

 

i.Normal Portfolio includes debtors with a payment ability that allows them to meet their obligations and commitments. Evaluations of the current economic and financial environment do not indicate that this will change. The classifications assigned to this portfolio are categories from A1 to A6.

 

ii.Substandard Portfolio includes debtors with financial difficulties or a significant deterioration of their payment ability. There is reasonable doubt concerning the future reimbursement of the capital and interest within the contractual terms, with limited ability to meet short-term financial obligations. The classifications assigned to this portfolio are categories from B1 to B4.

 

iii.Impaired Portfolio includes debtors and their loans where repayment is considered remote, with a reduced or no likelihood of repayment. This portfolio includes debtors who have stopped paying their loans or that indicate that they will stop paying, as well as those who require forced debt restructuration, reducing the obligation or delaying the term of the capital or interest, and any other debtor who is over 90 days overdue in his payment of interest or capital. The classifications assigned to this portfolio are categories from C1 to C6.

 

52 

 

Normal and Substandard Portfolio

 

As part of individual assessment, the Bank classifies debtors into the following categories, assigning them a probability of non-performance (PNP) and severity (SEV), which result in the expected loss percentages.

 

Portfolio 

Debtor’s Category 

Probability
of Non-Performance (%) 

Severity (%) 

Expected Loss (%) 

Normal portfolioA10.0490.00.03600
 A20.1082.50.08250
A30.2587.50.21875
A42.0087.51.75000
A54.7590.04.27500
A610.0090.09.00000
Substandard portfolioB115.0092.513.87500
B222.0092.520.35000
B333.0097.532.17500
B445.0097.543.87500

 

The Bank first determines all credit exposures, which includes the accounting balances of loans and accounts receivable from customers plus contingent loans, less any amount recovered through executing the financial guarantees or collateral covering the operations. The percentages of expected loss are applied to this exposure. In the case of collateral, the Bank must demonstrate that the value assigned reasonably reflects the value obtainable on disposal of the assets or equity instruments. When the credit risk of the debtor is substituted for the credit quality of the collateral or guarantor, this methodology is applicable only when the guarantor or surety is an entity qualified in an assimilable investment grade by a local or international company rating agency recognized by the FMC. Guaranteed securities cannot be deducted from the exposure amount, only financial guarantees and collateral can be considered.

 

Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Bank must maintain a minimum provision of 0.5% over loans and contingent loans in the normal portfolio.

 

Impaired Portfolio

 

The impaired portfolio includes all loans and the entire value of contingent loans of the debtors that are over 90 days overdue on the payment of interest or principal of any loan at the end of the month. It also includes debtors who have been granted a loan to refinance loans over 60 days overdue, as well as debtors who have undergone forced restructuration or partial debt condonation.

 

The impaired portfolio excludes: a) residential mortgage loans, with payments less than 90 days overdue; and, b) loans to finance higher education according to Law 20,027, provided the breach conditions outlined in Circular No. 3,454 as of December 10, 2008 are not fulfilled.

 

The provision for an impaired portfolio is calculated by determining the expected loss rate for the exposure, adjusting for amounts recoverable through available financial guarantees and deducting the present value of recoveries made through collection services after the related expenses.

 

Once the expected loss range is determined, the related provision percentage is applied over the exposure amount, which includes loans and contingent loans related to the debtor.

 

The allowance rates applied over the calculated exposure are as follows:

 

53 

 

Classification 

Estimated range of loss 

Allowance 

C1Up to 3%2%
C2Greater than 3% and less than 20%10%
C3Greater than 20% and less than 30%25%
C4Greater than 30% and less than 50%40%
C5Greater than 50% and less than 80%65%
C6Greater than 80%90%

 

Loans are maintained in the impaired portfolio until their payment ability is normal, notwithstanding the write off of each particular credit that meets conditions of Title II of Chapter B-2. Once the circumstances that led to classification in the Impaired Portfolio have been overcome, the debtor can be removed from this portfolio once all the following conditions are met:

 

i.the debtor has no obligations of the debtor with the Bank more than 30 days overdue;

 

ii.the debtor has not been granted loans to pay its obligations;

 

iii.at least one of the payments include the amortization of capital;

 

iv.if the debtor has made partial loan payments in the last six months, two payments have already been made;

 

v.if the debtor must pay monthly installments for one or more loans, four consecutive installments have been made;

 

vi.the debtor does not appear to have bad debts in the information provided by the FMC, except for insignificant amounts.

 

II. Allowances for group assessments

 

Group assessments are used to estimate allowances required for loans with low balances related to individuals or small companies.

 

Group assessments require the formation of groups of loans with similar characteristics by type of debtor and loan conditions, in order to establish both the group payment behavior and the recoveries of their defaulted loans, using technically substantiated estimates and prudential criteria. The model used is based on the characteristics of the debtor, payment history, outstanding loans and default among other relevant factors.

 

The Bank uses methodologies to establish credit risk, based on internal models to estimate the allowances for the group-evaluated portfolio. This portfolio includes commercial loans with debtors that are not assessed individually, mortgage and consumer loans (including installment loans, credit cards and overdraft lines). These methods allow the Bank to independently identify the portfolio behavior and establish the provision required to cover losses arising during the year.

 

The customers are classified according to their internal and external characteristics into profiles, using a customer-portfolio model to differentiate each portfolio’s risk in an appropriate manner. This is known as the profile allocation method.

 

The profile allocation method is based on a statistical construction model that establishes a relationship through logistic regression between variables (for example default, payment behavior outside the Bank, socio-demographic data) and a response variable which determines the client’s risk, which in this case is over 90 days overdue. Hence, common profiles are established and assigned a Probability of Non-Performance (PNP) and a recovery rate based on a historical analysis known as Severity (SEV).

 

Therefore, once the customers have been profiled, and the loan’s profile assigned a PNP and a SEV, the exposure at default (EXP) is calculated. This exposure includes the book value of the loans and accounts receivable from the customer, plus contingent loans, less any amount that can be recovered by executing guarantees (for credits other than consumer loans).

 

54 

 

Notwithstanding the above, on establishing provisions associated with housing loans, the Bank must recognize minimum provisions according to standard methods established by the FMC for this type of loan. While this is considered to be a prudent minimum base, it does not relieve the Bank of its responsibility to have its own methodologies of determining adequate provisions to protect the credit risk of the portfolio.

 

Standard method of residential mortgage loan provisions

 

As of January 1, 2016 and in accordance with Circular No. 3,573 issued by the FMC, the Bank began applying the standard method of provisions for residential mortgage loans. According to this method, the expected loss factor applicable to residential mortgage loans will depend on the default of each loan and the relationship between the outstanding principal of each loan and the value of the associated mortgage guarantee (Loans to Value, LTV) at the end of each month.

 

The allowance rates applied according to default and LTV are the following:

 

LTV Range 

Days overdue at month end 

1-29 

30-59 

60-89 

Impaired portfolio 

LTV≤40%PNP(%)1.091621.340746.053675.1614100
Severity (%)0.02250.04410.04820.04820.0537
Expected Loss (%)0.00020.00940.02220.03620.0537
40%< LTV ≤80%PNP(%)1.915827.433252.082478.9511100
Severity (%)2.19552.82332.91922.91923.0413
Expected Loss (%)0.04210.77451.52042.30473.0413
80%< LTV ≤90%PNP(%)2.515027.930052.580079.6952100
Severity (%)21.552721.660021.920022.133122.2310
Expected Loss (%)0.54216.049611.525517.639022.2310
LTV >90%PNP(%)2.740028.430053.080080.3677100
Severity (%)27.200029.030029.590030.155830.2436
Expected Loss (%)0.74538.253215.706424.235530.2436
 

LTV =Loan capital/Value of guarantee

 

If the same debtor has more than one residential mortgage loan with the Bank and one of them over 90 days overdue, all their loans shall be allocated to the impaired portfolio, calculating provisions for each them in accordance with their respective LTV.

 

For residential mortgage loans related to housing programs and grants from the Chilean government, the allowance rate may be weighted by a factor of loss mitigation (LM), which depends on the LTV percentage and the price of the property in the deed of sale (S), as long as the debtor has contracted auction insurance provided by the Chilean government.

 

Standard method of commercial loan provisions

 

In accordance with the Circulars No. 3,638 and No. 3,647 of the FMC, as of July 1, 2019, the Bank began applying the standard model of provisions for student loans or other types of commercial loans. The impact of implementing these regulations implied an increase of approximately 4% of the stock of provisions for credit risk.

 

Prior to the implementation of the standard method, the Bank used its internal models for the determination of group business provisions.

 

a.Commercial leasing operations

 

For these transactions, the provision factor must be applied to the current value of commercial leasing operations (including the purchase option) and will depend on the delinquency of each transaction, the type of leased asset and the relationship, at closing of each month, between the current value of each transaction and the value of the leased asset (PVB), as indicated in the following tables.

 

55 

 

Probability Non-Performance (PNP) by default and type of asset (%)
Default days at month closingType of asset
Real estateNon real estate
00.791.61
1-297.9412.02
30-5928.7640.88
60-8958.7669.38
Impaired portfolio100.00100.00

Severity (SEV) by stage and type of asset (%)
 PVB StageReal estateNon real estate
PVB ≤ 40%0.0518.2
40% < PVB ≤ 50%0.0557.00
50% < PVB ≤ 80%5.1068.40
80% < PVB ≤ 90%23.2075.10
PVB > 90%36.2078.90

 

PVB= Current value of transaction/leased asset value

 

The determination of the PVB relationship will be made considering the appraisal value, expressed in UF for real estate and Ch$ for non-real estate, recorded at the time of granting the respective loan, taking into account any situations that may be causing pricing rises of the asset at that time.

 

b.Student loans

 

For these transactions, the provision factor should be applied to the student loan and the exposure of the contingent credit, when applicable. The determination of this factor depends on the type of student loan and the enforceability of the payment of capital or interest, at the end of each month. When payment is due, the factor will also depend on its default.

 

For the purposes of the classification of the loan, a distinction is made between loans granted for the financing of higher studies in accordance with Law No. 20.027 (CAE) or loans guaranteed by the State, “Crédito con aval del Estado”, and, on the other hand, the loans guaranteed by CORFO, a governmental agency for the promotion of the economy.

 

Probability Non-Performance (PNP) according enforceability, default and type of loan (%)
Is it the principal and interest enforceableDefault days at month closingStudent loans
CAECORFO and other
Yes05.22.9
1-2937.215.0
30-5959.043.4
60-8972.871.9
Impaired portfolio100.0100.0
NoN/A41.616.5

Severity (SEV) by stage PVB and type of asset (%)
Is it the principal and interest enforceableStudent loans
CAECORFO and other
Yes70.9
No50.345.8

56 

 

c.Factoring and other commercial loans

 

For factoring transactions and other commercial loans, the provision factor, applicable to the amount of the loans and the exposure of the contingent credit will depend on the default of each transaction and the relationship that exists, at the end of each month, between the obligations that the debtor has with the bank and the value of the collateral that protect them (PTVG), as indicated in the following tables.

 

Probability of Non-Performance (PNP) by default and PTVG stage (%)
Default days at month closingGuarantee

No collateral

 

PTVG ≤ 100%PTVG > 100%
01.862.684.91
1-2911.6013.4522.93
30-5925.3326.9245.30
60-8941.3141.3161.63
Impaired portfolio100.00100.00100.00

Severity (SEV) by PTVG stage (%)
GuaranteePTVG stageFactoring and other commercial loans without responsibilityFactoring with responsibility
GuaranteePTVG ≤ 60%5.03.2
60% < PTVG ≤ 75%20.312.8
75% < PTVG ≤ 90%32.220.3
90% < PTVG43.027.1
No guarantee56.935.9

 

The collateral used for the purposes of calculating the PTVG relationship of this method may be specific or general, including those that are simultaneously specific and general. A collateral can only be considered if, according to the respective coverage clauses, it was constituted in the first priority of preference in favor of the bank and only secures the debtor's credits with respect to which it is imputed (not shared with other debtors). The invoices assigned in the factoring transactions and the security associated with the mortgage loans, regardless of their coverage clause, will not be considered in the calculation.

 

For the calculation of the PTVG ratio, the following considerations must be taken into account:

 

i.Transactions with specific security: when the debtor granted specific guarantees, for generic commercial loans and factoring, the PTVG ratio is calculated independently for each secured transaction, such as the division between the amount of the loans and the contingent credit exposure and the value of the collateral that protects it.

 

ii.Transactions with general security: when the debtor granted general or general and specific guarantees, the Bank calculates the respective PTVG, jointly for all generic commercial loan and factoring not contemplated in the preceding paragraph i), as the division between the sum of the amounts of the loans and exposures of contingent credits and the general, or general and specific security that, according to the scope of the remaining coverage clauses, safeguards the loans considered in the numerator of the mentioned ratio.

 

The amounts of the collateral used in the PTVG ratio of numbers i) and ii) must be determined according to:

 

-The last valuation of the security, be its appraisal or fair value, according to the type of security in question. For the determination of fair value, the criteria indicated in Chapter 7-12 of the FMC’s Updated Collection

 

57 

 

of Standards (Recopilación Actualizada de Normas or RAN), on a reasonable estimate of value of the financial instrument, should be considered.

 

-Possible situations that could be causing temporary increases in the values of the guarantees.

 

-Limitations on the amount of coverage established in their respective clauses.

 

d.Provisions related to financing with a FOGAPE COVID-19 guarantee

 

On July 17, 2020, the FMC requested that we determine specific provisions for the credits guaranteed by the FOGAPE COVID-19 guarantee, for which the expected losses must be determined estimating the risk of each transaction, without considering the substitution of credit quality of the guarantee, according to the corresponding individual or group analysis method, in accordance with the provisions of Chapter B-1 of the Compendium of Accounting Standards. This calculation must be carried out in an aggregate manner, grouping all those transactions to which the same deductible percentage is applicable. Therefore, the total amount of the expected losses resulting from the aggregate calculation of each group of transactions must be contrasted with the respective total deductible amount that corresponds to them. When the expected losses of the transactions of a group to which the same percentage of deductible corresponds, determined according to the procedure indicated, are less than or equal to the aggregate amount of the deductible, the provisions will be determined without considering the coverage of the FOGAPE COVID-19 guarantee, meaning, without substituting the credit quality of the direct debtor for the guarantee and when they are greater than the aggregate amount of the deductible, the provisions will be determined using the substitution method provided in section 4.1 letter a) of Chapter B-1 of the Compendium of Accounting Standards and will be recognized in separate accounts at that of commercial, consumption and housing provisions. As of June 30, 2021, the Bank has established provisions for this concept of Ch$39,506 million (Note 9 and 28 of the Unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements).

 

III. Additional provisions

 

According to FMC regulation, banks are allowed to establish additional provisions over the provision limits already described, to protect themselves from the risk of non-predictable economical fluctuations that could affect the macro-economic environment or a specific economic sector. According to No. 10 of Chapter B-1 from the FMC Compendium of Accounting Standards (Compendio de Normas Contables), these provisions will be recorded in liabilities, similar to provisions for contingent loans. As of June 30, 2021 the Bank had Ch$168,000 million in additional provisions on its balance sheet.

 

IV. Charge-offs

 

As a general rule, charge-offs should be done when the contract rights over cash flow expire. In the case of loans, even if the above does not happen, the Bank will charge-off these amounts in accordance with Title II of Chapter B-2 of the Compendium of Accounting Standards (FMC).

 

These charge-offs refer to the derecognition from the Unaudited Consolidated Interim Statements of Financial Position of the respective loan, including any not yet due future payments in the case of installment loans or leasing transactions (for which partial charge-offs do not exist).

 

Charge-offs are always recorded as a charge to loan risk allowances according to Chapter B-1 of the Compendium of Accounting Standards, no matter the reason for the charge-off. Any payment received related to a loan previously charged-off will be recognized as recovery of loan previously charged-off in the Unaudited Consolidated Interim Statement of Income.

 

Loan and accounts receivable charge-offs are recorded for overdue, past due, and current installments when they exceed the time periods described below since reaching overdue status:

 

Type of loan 

Term 

Consumer loans with or without collateral6 months
Other transactions without collateral24 months
Commercial loans with collateral36 months
Mortgage loans48 months
Consumer leasing6 months
Other non-mortgage leasing transactions12 months
Mortgage leasing (household and business)36 months

 

V. Recovery of loans previously charged off and accounts receivable from customers

 

Any recovery on “Loans and accounts receivable from customers” previously charged-off will be recognized as a reduction in the credit risk provisions in the Unaudited Consolidated Interim Statement of Income.

 

Any renegotiation of a loan previously charged-off will not give rise to income, as long as the operation continues being considered as impaired. The cash payments received must be treated as recoveries of charged-off loans.

 

The renegotiated loan can only be included again in assets if it is no longer considered as impaired, also recognizing the capitalization income as recovery of charged-off loans.

 

The following table sets forth all of our non-performing loans and impaired loans as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020.

 

  June 30, 2021 December 31, 2020
  (in millions of Ch$, except percentages)
Non-performing loans (1)  446,625   486,435 
Impaired loans (2)  1,691,481   1,789,983 
Allowance for loan losses (3)  1,126,516   1,102,821 
Total loans (4)  34,677,890   34,409,170 
Allowance for loan losses / loans  3.2%  3.2%
Non-performing loans as a percentage of total loans  1.3%  1.4%
Loan loss allowance as a percentage of non-performing loans  252.2%  226.7%
 
(1)Non-performing loans include the aggregate principal and accrued but unpaid interest of any loan with one installment that is at least 90 days past-due, and do not accrue interest.

 

(2)Impaired loans include: (A) for loans individually evaluated for impairment, (i) the carrying amount of all loans to clients that are rated C1 through C6 and (ii) the carrying amount of loans to an individual client with a loan that is non-performing, regardless of category, excluding residential mortgage loans, if the past-due amount on the mortgage loan is less than 90 days; and (B) for loans collectively evaluated for impairment, (i) the carrying amount of total loans to a client, when a loan to that client is non-performing or has been renegotiated, excluding performing residential mortgage loans, and (ii) if the loan that is non-performing or renegotiated is a residential mortgage loan, all loans to that client.

 

(3)Includes allowance for interbank loans. Includes additional provisions for Ch$168 billion as of June 30, 2021 and Ch$126 billion as of December 31, 2020.

 

(4)Includes interbank loans.

 

Analysis of Impaired and Non-Performing Loans

 

The following table analyzes our impaired loans. Impaired loans include: (i) all loans to a single client that are evaluated on a group basis, including performing loans, that have a loan classified as non-performing, (ii) all renegotiated consumer loans and (iii) all commercial loans at risk of default. See “Note 9—Loans and Accounts Receivables from Customers—(a) Loans and accounts receivable from customers” in the Unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

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  June 30, 2021 December 31, 2020
  (in millions of Ch$)
   
Total loans  34,677,890   34,409,170 
Allowance for loan losses (1)  1,126,516   1,102,821 
Impaired loans(2)  1,691,481   1,789,983 
Impaired loans as a percentage of total loans  4.88%  5.20%
Amounts non-performing  446,625   486,435 
To the extent secured(3)  268,222   285,731 
To the extent unsecured  178,403   200,704 
Amounts non-performing as a percentage of total loans  1.29%  1.41%
To the extent secured(3)  0.77%  0.83%
To the extent unsecured  0.51%  0.58%
Loans loss allowances as a percentage of:        
Total loans  3.25%  3.21%
Total amounts non-performing  252.23%  226.71%
Total amounts non-performing-unsecured  419.99%  385.96%
 
(1)Includes additional provisions for Ch$168 billion as of June 30, 2021 and Ch$126 billion as of December 31, 2020.

 

(2)Impaired loans include: (A) for loans individually evaluated for impairment, (i) the carrying amount of all loans to clients that are rated C1 through C6 and (ii) the carrying amount of loans to an individual client with a loan that is non-performing, regardless of category, excluding residential mortgage loans, if the past-due amount on the mortgage loan is less than 90 days; and (B) for loans collectively evaluated for impairment, (i) the carrying amount of total loans to a client, when a loan to that client is non-performing or has been renegotiated, excluding performing residential mortgage loans, and (ii) if the loan that is non-performing or renegotiated is a residential mortgage loan, all loans to that client.

 

(3)Security generally consists of mortgages on real estate, pledges of marketable securities, letters of credit or cash.

 

A break-down of the loans included in the previous table which have been classified as impaired, including renegotiated loans, is as follows:

 

  As of June 30, 2021
Impaired loans Commercial Residential mortgage Consumer Total
  (in millions of Ch$)
Non-performing loans  304,014   99,395   43,216   446,625 
Commercial loans at risk of default (1)  576,001   —     —     576,001 
Other impaired loans consisting mainly of renegotiated loans (2)  212,529   305,422   150,904   668,855 
Total  1,092,544   404,817   194,120   1,691,481 

  As of December 31, 2020
Impaired loans Commercial Residential mortgage Consumer Total
  (in millions of Ch$)
Non-performing loans  331,382   108,625   46,428   486,435 
Commercial loans at risk of default (1)  588,334   —     —     588,334 
Other impaired loans consisting mainly of renegotiated loans (2)  219,660   298,269   197,285   715,214 
Total  1,139,376   406,894   243,713   1,789,983 
 
(1)Total loans to a debtor, whose allowance level is determined on an individual basis with a risk of defaulting.

 

59 

 

(2)Renegotiated loans for loans whose loan loss allowance is analyzed on a group basis.

 

Analysis of Loan Loss Allowances

 

The following table provides the details of the roll-forwards as of June 30, 2021 and as of December 31, 2020 of our allowance for loan losses, including decrease of allowances due to charge-offs, allowances established, allowances released, gross provision expense and opening and closing balance and excluding additional provisions:

 

  Commercial loans Mortgage loans Consumer loans Interbank loan  
Activity during the first six months of 2021 Individual Group Group Group   Total
  (in millions of Ch$)  
Balances as of January 1, 2021  357,649   289,040   61,281   268,841   10   976,821 
Allowances established (1)  46,102   65,457   21,865   84,688   12   218,124 
Allowances released (2)  (67,062)  (24,039)  (7,058)  (31,865)  (16)  (130,040)
Released allowances by
charge-off (3)
  (13,764)  (31,730)  (4,313)  (56,582)  —     (106,389)
Balances as of June 30, 2021  322,925   298,728   71,775   265,082   6   958,516 

  Commercial loans Mortgage loans Consumer loans Interbank loan  
Activity during 2020 Individual Group Group Group   Total
  (in millions of Ch$)  
Balances as of January 1, 2020  236,549   275,893   68,461   312,245   19   893,167 
Allowances established (1)  184,691   124,057   15,884   223,493   30   548,155 
Allowances released (2)  (44,878)  (54,394)  (17,141)  (79,846)  (39)  (196,298)
Released allowances by
charge-off (3)
  (18,713)  (56,516)  (5,923)  (187,051)  —     (268,203)
Balances as of December 31, 2020  357,649   289,040   61,281   268,841   10   976,821 
 
(1)Represents gross allowances made in respect of increased risk of loss during the period and loan growth.

 

(2)Represents the gross amount of loan loss allowances released during the year as a consequence of reduction in the level of risk existing in the loan portfolio, including as a result of improvement in the credit risk classification of borrowers and loans paid.

 

(3)Represents the gross amount of loan loss allowances removed due to charge-off.

 

Allocation of the Loan Loss Allowances

 

The following tables set forth, as of and for the periods listed below, the proportions of our required loan loss allowances that were attributable to our commercial, consumer and residential mortgage loans at each such date.

 

  As of June 30, 2021 As of December 31, 2020 (1)
  Total Allowance Allowance amount as a percentage of loans in category Allowance amount as a percentage of total loans Allowance amount as a percentage of total allowances Total Allowance Allowance amount as a percentage of loans in category Allowance amount as a percentage of total loans Allowance amount as a percentage of total allowances
  in millions of Ch$ in millions of Ch$
Commercial loans                                
Commercial loans  493,693   3.6%  1.4%  51.5%  520,684   3.8%  1.5%  53.3%
Foreign trade loans  59,973   5.2%  0.2%  6.3%  60,012   4.8%  0.2%  6.1%
Checking accounts debtors  11,630   10.2%  0.0%  1.2%  11,778   9.4%  0.0%  1.2%
Factoring transactions  7,527   1.4%  0.0%  0.8%  6,492   1.3%  0.0%  0.7%
Student loans  3,936   6.6%  0.0%  0.4%  3,630   5.7%  0.0%  0.4%
Leasing transactions  26,600   2.0%  0.1%  2.8%  25,003   1.8%  0.1%  2.6%
Other loans and accounts receivable  18,294   8.4%  0.1%  1.9%  19,090   9.7%  0.1%  2.0%
Subtotals  621,653   3.7%  1.8%  64.9%  646,689   3.8%  1.9%  66.2%
Residential mortgage loans                                
Loans with mortgage finance bonds  43   0.7%  0.0%  0.0%  45   0.6%  0.0%  0.0%
Mortgage mutual loans  327   0.4%  0.0%  0.0%  329   0.4%  0.0%  0.0%
Other mortgage mutual loans  71,405   0.6%  0.2%  7.4%  60,907   0.5%  0.2%  6.2%
Subtotals  71,775   0.6%  0.2%  7.5%  61,281   0.5%  0.2%  6.3%
Consumer loans                                
Installment consumer loans  233,136   6.5%  0.7%  24.3%  247,223   6.7%  0.7%  25.3%
Credit card balances  25,490   2.4%  0.1%  2.7%  16,923   1.5%  0.0%  1.7%
Consumer leasing contracts  29   1.0%  0.0%  0.0%  35   1.1%  0.0%  0.0%
Other consumer loans  6,427   6.0%  0.0%  0.7%  4,660   3.8%  0.0%  0.5%
Subtotals  265,082   5.6%  0.8%  27.7%  268,841   5.4%  0.8%  27.5%
Totals loans to clients  958,510   2.8%  2.8%  100.0%  976,811   2.8%  2.8%  100.0%
Interbank loans  6   0.1%  0.0%  0.0%  10   0.1%  0.0%  0.0%
Totals (2)  958,516   2.8%  2.8%  100.0%  976,821   2.8%  2.8%  100.0%
 
(1)Includes FOGAPE provisions for Ch$39,506 million as of June 30, 2021 and Ch$35,789 million as of December 31, 2020.
(2)Excludes additional provisions

 

Based on information available regarding our borrowers, we believe that our loan loss allowances are sufficient to cover known potential losses and losses inherent in a loan portfolio of the size and nature of our loan portfolio.

 

ITEM 3. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

See the Unaudited Interim Consolidated Financial Statements starting on page F-1 of this Report.

 

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ITEM 4. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

Introduction

 

The principal types of risk inherent in Santander-Chile’s business are market, liquidity, operational and credit risks. The effectiveness with which we can manage the balance between risk and reward is a significant factor in our ability to generate long term, stable earnings growth. Toward that end, our Board and senior management places great emphasis on risk management.

 

Market Risk: Qualitative Disclosure

 

For qualitative disclosure regarding risk management please refer to Item 11 of our 2020 20-F. These policies and procedures remain in effect throughout 2021 and as of the date of this Report.

 

Market Risk: Quantitative Disclosure

 

Impact of inflation

 

Our assets and liabilities are denominated in Chilean pesos, Unidades de Fomento (UF) and foreign currencies. The Bank no longer recognizes inflation accounting and has eliminated price-level restatement in line with IFRS, but inflation impacts our results of operations as some loan and deposit products are contracted in UF. The UF is revalued in monthly cycles. Each day in the period beginning on the tenth day of the current month through the ninth day of the succeeding month, the nominal peso value of the UF is indexed up (or down in the event of deflation) in order to reflect a proportionate amount of the change in the Chilean Consumer Price Index during the prior calendar month. One UF equaled Ch$29,709.83 at June 30, 2021, Ch$29,070.33 at December 31, 2020 and Ch$28,696.40 at June 30, 2020. High levels of inflation in Chile could adversely affect the Chilean economy and could have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations. Negative inflation rates also negatively impact our results. Inflation measured as the variation of the UF was 2.2% in the first six months of 2021 and 1.4% in the first six months of 2020. There can be no assurance that Chilean inflation will not change significantly from the current level. Although we currently benefit from moderate levels of inflation, due to the current structure of our assets and liabilities (i.e., a significant higher portion of our loans and financial investments are indexed to the inflation rate compared to our deposits or other funding sources), there can be no assurance that our business, financial condition and result of operations in the future will not be adversely affected by changing levels of inflation. In summary:

 

·UF-denominated assets and liabilities. The effect of any changes in the nominal peso value of our UF-denominated interest earning assets and interest bearing liabilities is reflected in our results of operations as an increase (or decrease, in the event of deflation) in interest income and expense, respectively. Our net interest income will be positively affected by an inflationary environment to the extent that our average UF-denominated interest earning assets exceed our average UF-denominated interest bearing liabilities. Our net interest income will be positively affected by deflation in any period in which our average UF-denominated interest bearing liabilities exceed our average UF-denominated interest earning assets. Our net interest income will be negatively affected in a deflationary environment if our average UF-denominated interest earning assets exceed our average UF-denominated interest bearing liabilities.

 

·Inflation and interest rate hedge. A key component of our asset and liability policy is the management of interest rate risk. The Bank’s assets generally have a longer maturity than our liabilities. As the Bank’s mortgage portfolio grows, the maturity gap tends to rise as these loans, which are contracted in UF, have a longer maturity than the average maturity of our funding base. As most of our long-term financial instruments and mortgage loans are contracted in UF and most of our deposits are in nominal pesos, the rise in mortgage lending increases the Bank’s exposure to inflation and to interest rate risk. The size of this gap is limited by internal and regulatory guidelines to avoid excessive potential losses due to strong shifts in interest rates. To keep this duration gap below regulatory limits, the Bank issues long term bonds denominated in UF or interest rate swaps. The financial cost of the bonds and the efficient part of these hedges is recorded as net interest income. The average gap between our interest earnings assets and total

 

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liabilities linked to the inflation, including hedging, was Ch$6,105,901 million as of June 30, 2021 and Ch$5,989,307 million as of June 30, 2020.

 

·The financial impact of the gap between our interest earning assets and liabilities denominated in UFs including hedges was Ch$130,736 million in the six months ended June 30, 2021 and Ch$87,448 million in the six months ended June 30, 2020. The increase in the results from our UF gap was due to the higher UF inflation rate in the first six months of 2021 compared to the first six months of 2020.

 

  As of June 30, % Change
Impact of inflation on net interest income  2021   2020   2021/2020
   (in millions of Ch$) 
Results from UF GAP (1)  130,736   87,448   49.5%
UF inflation  2.2%  1.4%    
 
(1)UF GAP is net interest income from asset and liabilities denominated in UFs and include the results from hedging the size of this gap via interest rate swaps.

 

·Peso-denominated assets and liabilities. Interest rates prevailing in Chile during any period primarily reflect the inflation rate during the period and the expectations of future inflation. The sensitivity of our peso-denominated interest earning assets and interest bearing liabilities to changes to such prevailing rates varies. See “—Impact of Interest Rates.” We maintain a substantial amount of non-interest bearing peso-denominated demand deposits. Because such deposits are not sensitive to inflation, any decline in the rate of inflation would adversely affect our net interest margin on inflation indexed assets funded with such deposits, and any increase in the rate of inflation would increase the net interest margin on such assets. The ratio of the average of such demand deposits and average shareholder’s equity to average interest-earning assets was 37.5% and 31.4% as of June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

 

Impact of Interest Rates

 

Interest rates earned and paid on our assets and liabilities reflect, to a certain degree, inflation, expectations regarding inflation, changes in short term interest rates set by the Central Bank and movements in long term real rates. The Central Bank manages short term interest rates based on its objectives of balancing low inflation and economic growth. Because our liabilities are generally re-priced sooner than our assets, changes in the rate of inflation or short term rates in the economy are reflected in the rates of interest paid by us on our liabilities before such changes are reflected in the rates of interest earned by us on our assets. Therefore, when short term interest rates fall, our net interest margin is positively impacted, but when short term rates increase, our interest margin is negatively affected. At the same time, our net interest margin tends to be adversely affected in the short term by a decrease in inflation rates since generally our UF-denominated assets exceed our UF-denominated liabilities. See “—Impact of Inflation.” An increase in long term rates has a positive effect on our net interest margin, because our interest earning assets generally have longer terms than our interest bearing liabilities. A flattening of the yield curve, i.e., long-term rates falling more quickly than short-term rates, negatively affects our margins by lowering loan yields at a greater pace than deposit costs. In addition, because our peso-denominated liabilities have relatively short re-pricing periods, they are generally more responsive to changes in inflation or short term rates than our UF-denominated liabilities. As a result, during periods when expected inflation exceeds the previous period’s inflation, customers often switch funds from UF-denominated deposits to peso-denominated deposits, which generally bear higher interest rates, thereby adversely affecting our net interest margin.

 

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As of June 30, 2021, the breakdown of maturities of assets and liabilities is as follows:

 

As of June 30, 2021Demand

Up to

1 month

Between 1 and

3 months

Between 3 and

12 months

Up to 1 year
Subtotal

Between 1 and

3 years

Between 3 and

5 years

More than

5 years

More than 1 year
Subtotal
Total
 MCh$MCh$MCh$MCh$MCh$MCh$MCh$MCh$MCh$MCh$
           
Assets          
Cash and deposits in banks7,512,113 - - -7,512,113 - - --   7,512,113
Cash items in process of collection1,040,417 - - -1,040,417 - - --   1,040,417
Trading investments -2,3062003522,8581,39927,05412,50440,95743,815
Investments under resale agreements - - - --   -   -   -   -   -   
Financial derivatives contracts -135,263156,207512,628804,0981,359,1381,351,8432,789,7915,500,7726,304,870
Interbank loans (1) -3,8963,747-   7,643-   -   -   -   7,643
Loans and accounts receivables from customers (2)189,5491,362,7781,463,0223,486,6926,502,0414,521,592668,85122,977,76328,168,20634,670,247
Available for sale investments -858,89423,154216,4921,098,540170,7024,340,1451,461,9265,972,7737,071,313
Held to maturity investments - - - --    - - --   -   
Guarantee deposits (margin accounts)753,357 - - -753,357 - - --   753,357
Total assets9,495,4362,363,1371,646,3304,216,16417,721,0676,052,8316,387,89327,241,98439,682,70857,403,775
           
Liabilities          
Deposits and other demand liabilities17,722,252 - - -17,722,252 - - --   17,722,252
Cash items in process of collection952,459 - - -952,459 - - --   952,459
Obligations under repurchase agreements-   58,861 - -58,861 - - --   58,861
Time deposits and other time liabilities186,7886,060,8873,094,9732,216,21211,558,860126,15946,19124,597196,94711,755,807
Financial derivatives contracts-   129,800157,374621,214908,3881,326,4431,605,7602,880,9005,813,1036,721,491
Interbank borrowings29,90196,92666,7671,913,5082,107,1021,781,7274,125,089-   5,906,8168,013,918
Issued debts instruments-   73,777215,327646,856935,9601,911,8112,554,9112,619,6827,086,4048,022,364
Other financial liabilities159,99850,4993,63331214,16110112052273214,434
Obligations for lease agreements-    - -24,68024,68045,31435,95938,800120,073144,753
Guarantees received (margin accounts)361,549 - - -361,549 - - --   361,549
Total liabilities19,412,9476,470,7503,538,0745,422,50134,844,2725,191,5558,368,0305,564,03119,123,61653,967,888

 

(1) Interbank loans are presented on a gross basis. The amount of allowances is Ch$6 million.

 

(2)Loans and accounts receivables from customers are presented on a gross basis. Provisions on loan amounts according to customer type are as follows: Commercial loans Ch$ 621,653 million, Mortgage loans Ch$ 71,772 million and Consumer loans Ch$ 265,082 million.

 

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Below is a table with the impact of movements in interest rates on the Financial management portfolio according to our sensitivity model described in our 2020 20-F for the year ended December 31, 2020 and the six-month period ended June 30, 2021. In 2021, the ALCO approved a change in the loss limits. In 2021 the loss limits are set against parallel movements of 25bp in the yield curve compared to 100pb in 2020.

 

  Six-month period ended
June 30, 2021
 Year ended
December 31, 2020
   

Effect on net interest income 

   

Effect on equity 

   

Effect on net interest income 

   

Effect on equity 

 
Financial management portfolio –
local currency (in millions of Ch$)
                
Loss limit  32,865   84,864   100,000   329,275 
High  23,683   83,761   66,504   302,263 
Low  14,084   73,954   26,492   214,596 
Average  18,533   79,469   45,380   255,070 
Financial management portfolio –
foreign currency (in millions of U.S.$)
                
Loss limit  32   31   32   53 
High  4   17   19   47 
Low  1   7   2   12 
Average  2   10   5   33 
Financial management portfolio –
consolidated (in millions of Ch$)
                
Loss limit  32,865   84,864   100,000   329,275 
High  25,709   77,563   67,584   286,436 
Low  15,677   67,298   25,111   210,706 
Average  19,546   73,263   46,044   246,292 
                 

 

Below is a table with the VaR of our fixed income trading portfolio for the year ended December 31, 2020 and the six-month period ended June 30, 2021.

 

Fixed income Six-month period ended
June 30, 2021
 Year ended
December 31, 2020
  (in millions of U.S.$)
High  2.83   11.96 
Low  1.53   1.50 
Average  2.16   3.19 

 

Impact of foreign exchange fluctuations

 

The Chilean government’s economic policies and any future changes in the value of the Chilean peso against the U.S. dollar could adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations. The Chilean peso has been subject to significant devaluation in the past and may be subject to significant fluctuations in the future. The Central Bank exchange rate depreciated 3.4% in the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 9.0% in the six months ended June 30, 2020. See “Item 1. Key Information C. Recent Developments – Political and Economic Conditions in Chile.”

 

A significant portion of our assets and liabilities are denominated in foreign currencies, principally the U.S. dollar, and we historically have maintained, and may continue to maintain, material gaps between the balances of such assets and liabilities. Because such assets and liabilities, as well as interest earned or paid on such assets and liabilities, and gains and losses realized upon the sale of such assets, are translated to Chilean pesos in preparing our financial statements, our reported income is affected by changes in the value of the Chilean peso relative to foreign currencies (principally the U.S. dollar).

 

64 

 

In general, the Bank is not permitted, due to guidelines set by the ALCO and the Market Committee, to open a meaningful gap in foreign currency. Therefore, foreign currency risk is mainly included in the trading portfolio and is measured using VaR. The average VAR of our foreign currency position was U.S.$0.79 million in the six month period ended June 30, 2021.

 

Foreign currency Six-month period ended June 30, 2021 Year ended December 31, 2020
  (in millions of U.S.$)
     
High  1.75   6.47 
Low  0.07   0.71 
Average  0.79   2.85 

 

Consolidated VaR

 

The consolidated high, low, and average levels of VaR for the fixed–income investments and foreign currency trading were as follows:

 

Consolidated Six-month period ended June 30, 2021 Year ended December 31, 2020
  (in millions of U.S.$)
VaR:    
High  2.83   12.82 
Low  1.52   1.94 
Average  2.18   4.45 

 

Market risk –Regulatory method

 

The following table illustrates our market risk exposure according to the Chilean regulatory method, as of June 30, 2021. This information is sent to the FMC on a quarterly basis. Our maximum exposure to long-term interest rate fluctuations is set at 35% of regulatory capital and is approved by the Board of Directors.

 

Regulatory Market Risk As of June 30, 2021
   (in millions of Ch$) 
Market risk of trading portfolio (EMR)    
Interest rate risk of trading portfolio  341,404 
Foreign currency risk of trading portfolio  17,547 
Risk from interest rate options  24,794 
Risk from foreign currency options  89 
Total market risk of trading portfolio  383,834 
10% x Risk-weighted assets  3,356,019 
Subtotal  3,739,853 
Limit = Regulatory Capital  5,050,771 
Available margin  1,310,918 
Non-trading portfolio market risk    
Short-term interest rate risk  235,382 
Inflation risk  115,107 
Long-term interest rate risk  810,914 
Total market risk of non-trading portfolio  1,161,403 
Regulatory limit of exposure to short-term interest rate and inflation risk    
Short-term exposure to interest rate risk  235,382 
Exposure to inflation risk  115,107 
Limit: 30% of (net interest income + net fee income sensitive to interest rates)  494,005 
Available margin  143,516 
Regulatory limit of exposure to long-term interest rate risk    
Long-term exposure to interest rate risk  810,914 
Limit 35% of regulatory capital  1,767,770 
Available margin  956,856 

 

Liquidity Risk Management

 

Liquidity risk management seeks to ensure that, even under adverse conditions, we have access to the funds necessary to cover client needs, maturing liabilities and capital requirements. Liquidity risk arises in the general funding for our financing, trading and investment activities. It includes the risk of unexpected increases in the cost of funding the portfolio of assets at appropriate maturities and rates, the risk of being unable to liquidate a position in a timely manner at a reasonable price and the risk that we will be required to repay liabilities earlier than anticipated.

 

The following table sets forth the balance of our liquidity portfolio managed by our Financial Management Division. As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the breakdown of the Bank’s liquid assets by levels was the following:

 

  June 30, 2021 December 31, 2020
   in millions of Ch$   in millions of Ch$ 
Balance as of:        
Cash and cash equivalent  1,468,913   988,320 
Level 1 liquid assets (1)  790,694   2,490,810 
Level 2 liquid assets (2)  11,185   12,681 
Total liquid assets  2,270,792   3,491,811 
(1)Includes instruments issued by the Central Bank of Chile or other central banks with a AAA rating, instruments issued by the Chilean government or other sovereign with a AAA rating and instruments issued by development banks with a AAA rating.

 

(2)Includes instruments issued by governments, central banks and development banks of foreign countries with a risk rating of A- to AA+ and mortgage bonds issued by Chilean banks that are acceptable at the Chilean Central Bank’s repo window.

 

  June, 30, 2021 December 31, 2020
   (in millions of Ch$)   (in millions of Ch$) 
Average balance as of:        
Cash and cash equivalent  892,616   1,161,367 
Level 1 liquid assets (1)  1,674,998   3,164,890 
Level 2 liquid assets (2)  11,736   13,311 
Total liquid assets  2,579,350   4,339,568 
 
(1)Includes instruments issued by the Central Bank of Chile or other central banks with a AAA rating, instruments issued by the Chilean government or other sovereign with a AAA rating and instruments issued by development banks with a AAA rating. Assets encumbered through repurchase agreements are deducted from the liquidity portfolio including those left as collateral under the FCIC funding program with the Central Bank of Chile.

 

(2)Includes instruments issued by governments, central banks and development banks of foreign countries with a risk rating of A- to AA+ and mortgage bonds issued by Chilean banks that are acceptable at the Chilean Central Bank’s repo window.

 

Our general policy is to maintain liquidity adequate to ensure our ability to honor withdrawals of deposits, make repayments of other liabilities at maturity, extend loans and meet our own working capital needs. Our minimum

 

65 

 

amount of liquidity is determined by the statutory reserve requirements of the Central Bank. Deposits are subject to a statutory reserve requirement of 9.0% for demand deposits and 3.6% for Chilean peso-, UF- and foreign currency denominated time deposits with a term of less than a year. The Central Bank has statutory authority to increase these percentages to up to 40.0% for demand deposits and up to 20.0% for time deposits. In addition, a 100.0% special reserve (reserva técnica) applies to demand deposits, deposits in checking accounts, other demand deposits received or obligations payable on sight and incurred in the ordinary course of business, other than deposits unconditionally payable immediately. This special reserve requirement applies to the amount by which the total of such deposits exceeds 2.5 times the amount of a bank’s regulatory capital. Due to the large increase in demand deposits the Bank has needed to set aside this special reserve and this is not included as liquid assets. As of June 30, 2021, we were mandated to have Ch$6,159,556 million as technical reserve. Interbank loans are deemed to have a maturity of more than 30 days, even if payable within the following 10 days.

 

The Central Bank and our ALCO also requires us to comply with the following liquidity limits:

 

·Liquidity coverage ratio (LCR), which measures the percentage of Liquid Assets over Net Cash Outflows. As of April 2019, Chilean banks began reporting their local LCR figures with a minimum level of 60% in 2020 and 80% in 2021. This minimum will gradually rise to 100% by 2023. As of June 30, 2021, this indicator for Banco Santander Chile was 140%.

 

·Net Stable Funding Ratio (NSFR) which will measure a bank’s stable funding sources over required stables needs both concepts also defined in the new regulations. As of June 30, 2021, this was 121% according to our internal liquidity model. The Central Bank and the FMC are still adjusting the methodology for calculating this ratio and the initial limits banks must meet in order to comply with these new ratios have not been published yet. For this reason, and even though the Bank has advanced liquidity management models, we cannot assure that the implementation of this model will not have a material effect on our business and that the figure presented above may change.

 

·The sum of the liabilities with a maturity of less than 30 days may not exceed the sum of the assets with a maturity of less than 30 days by an amount greater than our Shareholders’ equity. This limit must be calculated in local currency and foreign currencies together as one gap. At June 30, 2021, the percentage of (i) our liabilities with a maturity of less than 30 days in excess of our assets with a maturity of less than 30 days to (ii) our capital and reserves was 2%, thus resulting in our compliance.

 

·The sum of the liabilities with a maturity of less than 90 days may not exceed the sum of the assets with a maturity of less than 90 days by more than 2 times our Shareholders’ equity. This limit must be calculated in local currency and foreign currencies together as one gap. At June 30, 2021, the percentage of (i) our liabilities with a maturity of less than 90 days in excess of our assets with a maturity of less than 90 days to (ii) our capital and reserves was 21%, thus resulting in our compliance.

 

·The sum of the liabilities in foreign currency with a maturity of less than 30 days may not exceed the sum of the assets in foreign currency with a maturity of less than 30 days by more than an amount greater than our Shareholders’ equity. At June 30, 2021, the percentage of (i) our liabilities with a maturity of less than 30 days in foreign currency in excess of our assets in foreign currency with a maturity of less than 30 days to (ii) our capital and reserves was 0%, as the Bank had an excess of assets in foreign currency with a maturity of less than 30 days compared to the sum of the liabilities in foreign currency with a maturity of less than 30 days, thus resulting in our compliance.

 

Derivative activities

 

At June 30, 2021 derivatives are valued at market price on the balance sheet and the net unrealized gain (loss) on derivatives is classified as a separate line item on the income statement. Notional amounts are not recorded on the balance sheet. Banks must mark to market derivatives. A derivative financial instrument held for trading purposes must be marked to market and the unrealized gain or loss recognized in the income statement. The FMC recognizes three kinds of hedge accounting: (i) cash flow hedges, (ii) fair value hedges and (iii) hedging of foreign investments.

 

66 

 

·When a cash flow hedge exists, the fair value movements on the part of the hedging instrument that is effective are recognized in equity. Any ineffective portion of the fair value movement on the hedging instrument is recognized in the income statement.

 

·When a fair value hedge exists, the fair value movements on the hedging instrument and the corresponding fair value movements on the hedged item are recognized in the income statement. Hedged items in the balance sheet are presented at their market value.

 

·When a hedge of foreign investment exposure exists (i.e. investment in a foreign branch), the fair value movements on the part of the hedging instrument that is effective are recognized in equity. Any ineffective portion of the fair value movement on the hedging instrument is recognized in the income statement.

 

We classify some of our derivative financial instruments as being financial assets held for trading, due to the guidelines from the FMC. We enter into derivative contracts with some clients who seek hedging instruments. However, substantially all of our derivatives are not used for speculative purposes. We also use derivatives to hedge our exposure to foreign exchange, interest rate and inflation risks:

 

 As of June 30, 2021
 Notional amountFair value
 Up to 3More than 3More thanTotalAssetsLiabilities
Monthsmonths to1 year   
 1 year    
 Ch$mnCh$mnCh$mnCh$mnCh$mnCh$mn
Fair value hedge derivatives      
Currency forwards------
Interest rate swaps410,981352,0967,738,1378,501,21411,220310,921
Cross currency swaps118,8391,153,1174,624,0045,895,96087,117121,602
Call currency options------
Call interest rate options------
Put currency options------
Put interest rate options------
Interest rate futures------
Other derivatives------
Subtotal529,8201,505,21312,362,14114,397,17498,337432,523
       
Cash flow hedge derivatives      
Currency forwards294,4141,325,16045,5331,665,1072,825951
Interest rate swaps------
Cross currency swaps207,1161,313,04512,149,91113,670,07240,065226,791
Call currency options------
Call interest rate options------
Put currency options------
Put interest rate options------

67 

 

 

Interest rate futures------
Other derivatives------
Subtotal501,5302,638,20512,195,44415,335,17942,890227,742
       
Trading derivatives      
Currency forwards23,090,83413,160,49510,135,63546,386,964395,726457,045
Interest rate swaps7,442,02518,775,38089,190,486115,407,8912,392,4302,408,521
Cross currency swaps2,273,4797,593,39274,713,95884,580,8293,373,6603,194,050
Call currency options121,54031,010-152,5505871,339
Call interest rate options------
Put currency options125,7598,594714135,0671,240271
Put interest rate options------
Interest rate futures------
Other derivatives------
Subtotal33,053,63739,568,871174,040,793246,663,3016,163,6436,061,226
       
Total34,084,98743,712,289198,598,378276,395,6546,304,8706,721,491

 

ITEM 5. SENIOR MANAGEMENT

 

Organizational Structure

 

The chart below sets forth the names and areas of responsibility of our senior managers as of the date of the filing of this interim report:

 

 

  

Senior Management

 

Our senior managers are as follows:

 

68 

 

Senior Manager 

Position 

Date Appointed 

Miguel MataChief Executive OfficerMar-18
Pedro OrellanaDirector of Retail BankingApr-21
Andres TrautmannDirector of Corporate and Investment BankingMay-21
Luis ArayaDirector of Middle-MarketApr-21
Emiliano MuratoreChief Financial OfficerApr-16
Guillermo SabaterFinancial ControllerNov-15
Franco RizzaDirector of RiskFeb-14
Ricardo BartelDirector of Technology and OperationsJun-15
María Eugenia de la FuenteDirector of Human ResourcesJun-15
Sergio AvilaDirector of Administration and CostsMar-15
Carlos VolanteDirector of Clients and Service QualityJan-14
Cristián FlorenceGeneral CounselSep-12
Oscar GómezDirector of Internal AuditJan-20
Cristian Peirano……………Director of Corporate ProductsApr-19
Jonathan CovarrubiasChief Accounting OfficerMay-19

 

Pedro Orellana became Director of Retail Banking in April 2021. He has been part of the Santander Group for 25 years. He began his career in the Bank in 1995, where he has had various responsibilities, including Manager of the segments of Individuals and SMEs. He was also Executive Vice-president of Retail Banking in Colombia and then Head of Retail Banking of the Americas Division in Madrid. Mr. Orellana holds a degree in Engineering from Universidad de Chile and a CFI from Stanford.

 

Andrés Trautmann became Director of Santander Corporate and Investment Banking in May 2021. He is also Head of Markets in Chile, after arriving in Chile in 2018. He was part of Goldman Sachs in New York, where he spent five years managing Emerging Market Sales. Before that, Mr. Trautmann was over six years in Santander, both in London and Chile. Mr. Trautmann holds a degree in Economics from Universidad de Chile.

 

Luis Araya became Director of our Middle-market banking segment in April 2021. Prior to that, he held various responsibilities in different divisions throughout the 24 years he has worked within the Bank. Before becoming manager of this segment, he was Manager of the Santander branch network for four years and the Manager of Human Resources for the Individuals Division for two years. Before that, he was part of the Commercial Division as the Manager of Products, Investments and the Individuals segment. He also worked for Santander Corporate and Investment Banking for nine years. Luis Araya holds a degree in Engineering and has a Master of Science Degree, both from Pontificia Universidad Católica in Chile.

 

69 

 

 

 

Consolidated Interim Financial Statements June 2021 / Banco Santander-Chile F-1

 

CONTENT

 

Consolidated Interim Financial Statements

 

CONSOLIDATED INTERIM STATEMENTS OF FINANCIAL POSITIONF-3
CONSOLIDATED INTERIM STATEMENTS OF INCOMEF-4
CONSOLIDATED INTERIM STATEMENTS OF OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOMEF-5
CONSOLIDATED INTERIM STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN EQUITYF-6
CONSOLIDATED INTERIM STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWSF-7

 

Notes to the Consolidated Interim Financial Statements

 

NOTE 01SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIESF-10
NOTE 02Accounting changesF-45
NOTE 03SIGNIFICANT EVENTSF-46
NOTE 04REPORTING SEGMENTSF-48
NOTE 05CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTSF-51
NOTE 06TRADING INVESTMENTSF-52
NOTE 07DERIVATIVE FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS AND HEDGE ACCOUNTINGF-53
NOTE 08INTERBANK LOANSF-60
NOTE 09LOANS AND ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE FROM CUSTOMERSF-62
NOTE 10AVAILABLE FOR SALE INVESTMENTSF-68
NOTE 11INTANGIBLE ASSETSF-69
NOTE 12FIXED ASSETS AND RIGHT OF USE ASSETS AND OBLIGATION FOR LEASE CONTRACTF-71
NOTE 13CURRENT AND DEFERRED TAXESF-76
NOTE 14OTHER ASSETSF-79
NOTE 15TIME DEPOSITS AND OTHER TIME LIABILITIESF-81
NOTE 16ISSUED DEBT INSTRUMENTS AND OTHER FINANCIAL LIABILITIESF-82
NOTE 17MATURITY OF FINANCIAL ASSETS AND LIABILITIESF-91
NOTE 18PROVISIONSF-93
NOTE 19OTHER LIABILITIESF-94
NOTE 20CONTINGENCIES AND COMMITMENTSF-95
NOTE 21EQUITYF-98
NOTE 22CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS (BASEL)F-101
NOTE 23NON-CONTROLLING INTERESTF-104
NOTE 24INTEREST INCOMEF-106
NOTE 25FEES AND COMMISSIONSF-108
NOTE 26NET INCOME (EXPENSE) FROM FINANCIAL OPERATIONSF-111
NOTE 27NET FOREIGN EXCHANGE INCOMEF-112
NOTE 28PROVISIONS FOR LOAN LOSSESF-113
NOTE 29PERSONNEL SALARIES AND EXPENSESF-114
NOTE 30ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSESF-115
NOTE 31DEPRECIATION, AMORTIZATION, AND IMPAIRMENTF-116
NOTE 32OTHER OPERATING INCOME AND EXPENSESF-117
NOTE 33TRANSACTIONS WITH RELATED PARTIESF-118
NOTE 34FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL ASSETS AND LIABILITIESF-122
NOTE 35RISK MANAGEMENTF-129
NOTE 36NON-CURRENT ASSETS HELD FOR SALEF-146
NOTE 37RECONCILIATION BETWEEN CHILEAN GAAP ACCOUNTING PRINCIPLES AND IFRSF-148
NOTE 38SUBSEQUENT EVENTSF-150

Consolidated Interim Financial Statements June 2021 / Banco Santander-Chile F-2

 

Banco Santander-Chile and Subsidiaries

 

CONSOLIDATED INTERIM STATEMENTS OF FINANCIAL POSITION (UNAUDITED)

 

   As of
June 30,
 As of
December 31,
 2021 

2020

 NOTE MCh$ MCh$
ASSETS      
Cash and deposits in banks  5   7,512,113   2,803,288 
Cash items in process of collection  5   1,040,417   452,963 
Trading investments  6   43,815   133,718 
Investments under resale agreements      -   - 
Financial derivative contracts  7   6,304,870   9,032,085 
Interbank loans, net  8   7,637   18,920 
Loans and accounts receivables from customers, net  9   33,711,737   33,413,429 
Available for sale investments  10   7,071,313   7,162,542 
Held to maturity investments      -   - 
Investments in associates and other companies      10,490   10,770 
Intangible assets  11   83,973   82,537 
Property, plant, and equipment  12   184,657   187,240 
Right of use assets  12   189,027   201,611 
Current taxes  13   77,989   - 
Deferred taxes  13   631,756   538,118 
Other assets  14   1,942,958   1,738,856 
TOTAL ASSETS      58,812,752   55,776,077 
LIABILITIES            
Deposits and other demand liabilities  15   17,722,252   14,560,893 
Cash items in process of being cleared  5   952,459   361,631 
Obligations under repurchase agreements      58,861   969,808 
Time deposits and other time liabilities  15   11,755,807   10,581,791 
Financial derivative contracts  7   6,721,491   9,018,660 
Interbank borrowing      8,013,918   6,328,599 
Issued debt instruments  16   8,022,365   8,204,177 
Other financial liabilities  16   214,434   184,318 
Lease liabilities  12   144,753   149,585 
Current taxes  13   -   12,977 
Deferred taxes  13   214,640   129,066 
Provisions  18   448,640   456,120 
Other liabilities  19   1,124,861   1,165,853 
TOTAL LIABILITIES      55,394,481   52,123,478 
EQUITY            
Attributable to the equity holders of the Bank      3,330,025   3,567,916 
Capital  21   891,303   891,303 
Reserves  21   2,548,965   2,341,986 
Valuation adjustments  21   (367,277)  (27,586)
Retained earnings      257,034   362,213 
Retained earnings from prior years      -   - 
Income for the period      367,191   517,447 
Minus:  Provision for mandatory dividends  21   (110,157)  (155,234)
Non-controlling interest  23   88,246   84,683 
TOTAL EQUITY      3,418,271   3,652,599 
             
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND EQUITY      58,812,752   55,776,077 

 

 

Consolidated Interim Financial Statements June 2021  /  Banco Santander-Chile   F-3

 

The accompanying notes form an integral part of these consolidated interim financial statements.

 

Consolidated Interim Financial Statements June 2021  /  Banco Santander-Chile   F-4

 

Banco Santander-Chile and Subsidiaries

 

CONSOLIDATED INTERIM STATEMENTS OF INCOME (UNAUDITED)

 

For the six-month periods ended

 

    June 30,
    2021 2020
  NOTE MCh$ MCh$
OPERATING INCOME      
       
Interest income 24  1,217,766   1,153,152 
Interest expense 24  (348,671)  (384,510)
           
Net interest income    869,095   768,642 
           
Fee and commission income 25  257,161   226,967 
Fee and commission expense 25  (105,169)  (90,302)
           
Net fee and commission income    151,992   136,665 
           
Net income (expense) from financial operations 26  9,261   216,071 
Net foreign exchange gain (loss) 27  62,038   (116,001)
Other operating income 32  10,316   11,939 
           
Net operating profit before provision for loan losses    1,102,702   1,017,316 
           
Provision for loan losses 28  (184,043)  (293,933)
           
NET OPERATING INCOME    918,659   723,383 
           
Personnel salaries and expenses 29  (200,659)  (202,582)
Administrative expenses 30  (135,686)  (127,804)
Depreciation and amortization 31  (58,324)  (55,270)
Impairment of property, plant and equipment 31  -   (638)
Other operating expenses 32  (51,385)  (45,958)
           
Total operating expenses    (446,054)  (432,252)
           
OPERATING INCOME    472,605   291,131 
           
Income from investments in associates and other companies    887   596 
           
Income before tax    473,492   291,727 
           
Income tax expense 13  (102,520)  (61,325)
           
     Result of continuous operations    370,972   230,402 
     Result of discontinued operations   36  -   - 
NET INCOME FOR THE PERIOD    370,972   230,402 
           
Attributable to:          
Equity holders of the Bank    367,191   228,873 
     Non-controlling interest 23  3,781   1,529 
Earnings per share of continuous operations attributable to Equity holders of the Bank (expressed in Chilean pesos):          
Basic earnings 21  1.949   1.215 
Diluted earnings 21  1.949   1.215 
           

 

The accompanying notes form an integral part of these consolidated interim financial statements.

 

Consolidated Interim Financial Statements June 2021  /  Banco Santander-Chile   F-5

 

Banco Santander-Chile and Subsidiaries

 

CONSOLIDATED INTERIM STATEMENTS OF OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (UNAUDITED)

 

For the six-month periods ended

 

    June 30,
    2021 2020
  NOTE MCh$ MCh$
       
NET INCOME FOR THE PERIOD    370,972   230,402 
OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME - ITEMS WHICH WILL BE RECLASSIFIED TO PROFIT OR LOSS          
           
Available for sale investments 21  (407,880)  50,661 
Cash flow hedge 21  (57,749)  35,356 
Other comprehensive income which may be reclassified subsequently to profit or loss, before tax    (465,629)  86,017 
Income tax related to items which may be reclassified subsequently to profit or loss    125,720   (23,225)
           
Other comprehensive income for the period which may be reclassified subsequently to profit or loss, net of tax    (339,909)  62,792 
OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME THAT WILL NOT BE RECLASSIFIED TO PROFIT OR LOSS    -   - 
TOTAL OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME FOR THE PERIOD    31,063   293,194 
           
Attributable to:          
Equity holders of the Bank    27,500   291,661 
Non-controlling interest 23  3,563   1,533 
           

The accompanying notes form an integral part of these consolidated interim financial statements.

 

Consolidated Interim Financial Statements June 2021  /  Banco Santander-Chile   F-6

 

Banco Santander-Chile and Subsidiaries

CONSOLIDATED INTERIM STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN EQUITY

For the six-months periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 (unaudited)

 

  RESERVESVALUATION ADJUSTMENTSRETAINED EARNINGS   
 CapitalReserves and other retained earningsEffects of merger of companies under common controlAvailable for sale investmentsCash flow hedgeIncome tax effectsPrior years retained earningsIncome for the periodProvision for mandatory dividendsTotal attributable to equity holders of the Bank

(*)

Non-controlling interest

Total Equity
 MCh$MCh$MCh$MCh$MCh$MCh$MCh$MCh$MCh$MCh$MCh$MCh$
             
Equity as of December 31, 2019891,3032,123,372(2,224)29,349(40,435)2,993-552,093(165,628)3,390,82379,4943,470,317
Distribution of income from previous period------552,093(552,093)----
Equity as of January 1, 2020891,3032,123,372(2,224)29,349(40,435)2,993552,093-(165,628)3,390,82379,4943,470,317
Increase or decrease of capital and reserves-220,838----(220,838)-----
Transactions with own shares------------
Dividend distributions/ withdrawals made------(165,627)--(165,627)-(165,627)
Other equity movements- ---- ---(32)(32)
Provision for mandatory dividends--------96,96696,966-96,966
Subtotal-220,838----(386,465)-96,966(68,661)(32)(68,693)
Other comprehensive income---50,65635,356(23,224)---62,788462,792
Result of continuous operations-------228,873-228,8731,529230,402
Result of discontinued operations------------
Subtotal---50,65635,356(23,224)-228,873-291,6611,533293,194
Equity as of June 30, 2020891,3032,344,210(2,224)80,005(5,079)(20,231)165,628228,873(68,662)3,613,82380,9953,694,818
Equity as of December 31, 2020891,3032,344,210(2,224)98,976(136,765)10,203-517,447(155,234)3,567,91684,6833,652,599
Distribution of income from previous period------517,447(517,447)----
Equity as of January 1, 2021891,3032,344,210(2,224)98,976(136,765)10,203517,447-(155,234)3,567,91684,6833,652,599
Increase or decrease of capital and reserves-206,979----(206,979)-----
Transactions with own shares------------
Dividend distributions/ withdrawals made------(310,468)-155,234(155,234)-(155,234)
Other equity movements------------
Provision for mandatory dividends- ------(110,157)(110,157)-(110,157)
Subtotals-206,979----(517,447)-45,077(265,391)-(265,391)
Other comprehensive income---(407,581)(57,749)125,639---(339,691)(218)(339,909)
Result of continuing operations-------367,191-367,1913,781370,972
Result of discontinued operations------- ----
Subtotal---(407,581)(57,749)125,639-367,191-27,5003,56331,063
Equity as of June 30, 2021891,3032,551,189(2,224)(308,605)(194,514)135,842-367,191(110,157)3,330,02588,2463,418,271

(*) See note 1 b) for non-controlling interest.

 

PeriodTotal attributable to equity holders of the Bank 

Allocated to

reserves

 Allocated to dividends  Distributed Percentage 

Number of

shares

 

Dividend per share

(in Chilean pesos)

 MCh$ MCh$ MCh$ %    
Year 2020 (Shareholders Meeting April 2021)517,447 206,979 310,468 60 188,446,126,794 1,647
Year 2019 (Extraordinary Shareholders Meeting November 2020)552,093 220,838 165,628 30 188,446,126,794 0,879
Year 2019 (Shareholders Meeting April 2020)552,093 220,838 165,627 30 188,446,126,794 0,879

 

The accompanying notes form an integral part of these consolidated interim financial statements.

Consolidated Interim Financial Statements June 2021  /  Banco Santander-Chile   F-7

 

Banco Santander-Chile and Subsidiaries

 

CONSOLIDATED INTERIM STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)

 

For the six-month periods ended

 

    June 30,
    2021 2020
  NOTE MCh$ MCh$
       
A – CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:            
NET INCOME FOR THE PERIOD      370,972   230,402 
Debits (credits) to income that do not represent cash flows      (619,306)  (613,334)
Depreciation and amortization  31   58,324   55,270 
Impairments of property, plant and equipment and intangibles  31   -   638 
Provision for loan losses  28   219,716   329,810 
Provision from trading investments mark to market      153   (32,151)
Income from investments in associates and other companies  32   (897)  (606)
Net gain on sale of assets received in lieu of payment  32   (7,773)  (10,244)
Provision on assets received in lieu of payment  32   244   1,056 
Net gain on sale of property, plant and equipment  32   (176)  (409)
Charge off of assets received in lieu of payment  32   6,254   8,926 
Net interest income  24   (869,095)  (768,642)
Net fee and commission income  25   (151,992)  (136,665)
Changes in deferred taxes  13   117,656   (69,697)
Other (credits) debits  to income that do not represent cash flows      8,280   9,380 
Increase/decrease in operating assets and liabilities      5,309,328   44,855 
(Increase) decrease of loans and accounts receivables from customers, net      (280,007)  (2,562,353)
(Increase) decrease of financial investments      181,132   (1,221,953)
Decrease (increase) of interbank loans      11,287   6,125 
(Increase) decrease of assets received or awarded in lieu of payment      2,571   3,202 
Increase (decrease) of debits in customers checking accounts      2,657,563   2,056,657 
Increase (decrease) of time deposits and other time liabilities      1,174,016   952,564 
Increase (decrease) of obligations with domestic banks      (117,101)  (271,620)
Increase (decrease) of other demand liabilities or time obligations      322,878   24,773 
Increase (decrease) of obligations with foreign banks      854,864   (126,060)
Increase (decrease) of obligations with Central Bank of Chile      947,556   3,331,346 
Increase (decrease) of obligations under repurchase agreements      (910,947)  (179,205)
Increase (decrease) in other financial liabilities      30,116   (94,294)
Net increase of other assets and liabilities      (737,459)  (2,442,698)
Redemption of letters of credit      (2,637)  (3,193)
Senior bond issuances      609,431   954,291 
Redemption mortgage bonds and payments of interest      (3,228)  (3,132)
Redemption and maturity of senior bonds and payments of interest      (452,300)  (1,285,334)
Interest received      1,217,766   1,153,152 
Interest paid      (348,671)  (384,510)
Dividends received from investments in other companies      506   432 
Fees and commissions received  25   257,161   226,967 
Fees and commissions paid  25   (105,169)  (90,302)
Total cash flow provided by (used in) operating activities      5,060,994   (338,077)

The accompanying notes form an integral part of these consolidated interim financial statements.

 

Consolidated Interim Financial Statements June 2021  /  Banco Santander-Chile   F-8

 

Banco Santander-Chile and Subsidiaries

 

CONSOLIDATED INTERIM STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)

 

For the six-month periods ended

 

    June 30,
    2021 2020
  NOTE MCh$ MCh$
       
B – CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTMENT ACTIVITIES:            
Purchases of property, plant and equipment  12   (18,124)  (12,856)
Sales of property, plant and equipment      1,601   2,498 
Sales of investments in associates and other companies      -   337 
Purchase of intangible assets  11   (18,437)  (11,369)
Total cash flow provided by (used in) investment activities      (34,960)  (21,390)
             
C – CASH FLOW FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:            
From shareholder´s financing activities      (333,159)  312,892 
Increase in other obligations      -   - 
Subordinated bonds emissions      -   479,941 
Redemption of subordinated bonds and payments of interest      -   (39)
Dividends paid      (310,468)  (165,627)
Lease paid      (22,691)  (1,383)
From non-controlling interest financing activities      -   - 
Dividends and/or withdrawals paid      -   - 
Total cash flow (used in) financing activities      (333,159)  312,892 
             
D – NET INCREASE (DECREASE) IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS DURING THE PERIOD      4,692,875   (46,575)
             
E – EFFECTS OF FOREIGN EXCHANGE RATE FLUCTUATIONS      12,576   201,737 
             
F – INITIAL BALANCE OF CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS      2,894,620   3,711,334 
             
FINAL BALANCE OF CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS  5   7,600,071   3,866,496 

The accompanying notes form an integral part of these consolidated interim financial statements.

 

 

    As of June, 30,
Reconciliation of provisions for the Consolidated Interim Statements
of Cash Flows for the periods
   2021 2020
    MCh$ MCh$
       
Provision for loan losses for cash flow purposes      219,716   329,810 
Recovery of loans previously charged off      (35,673)  (35,877)
Provision for loan losses - net  28   184,043   293,933 

 

 

   Changes other than cash 
Reconciliation of liabilities arising from financing activitiesDecember, 31
2020
MCh$
Cash Flow
MCh$

Acquisition MCh$
Foreign Currency Movement
MCh$

UF Movement
MCh$
Fair Value Changes
MCh$
June, 31
2021
MCh$
Subordinated Bonds1,357,539---29,513-1,387,052
Paid dividends-(310,468)----(310,468)
Other obligations149,585(22,691)--17,859-144,753
Total liabilities from financing activities1,507,124(333,159)--47,372-1,221,337

Consolidated Interim Financial Statements June 2021  /  Banco Santander-Chile   F-9

 

NOTE 01

SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

CORPORATE INFORMATION

 

Banco Santander-Chile is a banking corporation (limited company) operating under the laws of the Republic of Chile, headquartered at Bandera N°140, Santiago. The corporation provides a broad range of general banking services to its customers, ranging from individuals to major corporations. Banco Santander-Chile and its subsidiaries (collectively referred to as the “Bank” or “Banco Santander-Chile”) offers commercial and consumer banking services, including (but not limited to) factoring, collection, leasing, securities and insurance brokering, mutual and investment fund management, and investment banking.

 

Banco Santander Spain controls Banco Santander-Chile through its holdings in Teatinos Siglo XXI Inversiones Ltda. and Santander Chile Holding S.A., which are controlled subsidiaries of Banco Santander Spain. As of December 31, 2020, Banco Santander Spain owns or controls directly and indirectly 99.5% of Santander Chile Holding S.A. and 100% of Teatinos Siglo XXI Inversiones Ltda. This makes Banco Santander Spain have control over 67.18% of the Bank’s shares.

 

a)Basis of preparation

 

The present Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with the Compendium of Accounting Standards (CNC) and instructions issued by the Commission for the Financial Market (CMF) (former Superintendence of Banks and Financial Institutions “SBIF”), an entity auditor that according to Law No. 21,000 that "Creates the Commission for the Financial Market", provides in paragraph 6 of its article 5 that the Commission for the Financial Market (CMF) may “set the rules for the preparation and presentation of the reports, balance sheets, statements of situation and other financial statements of the audited entities and determine the principles according to which they must keep their accounting and in all that that is not treated by it if it does not contradict its instructions, must adhere to the generally accepted accounting criteria, which correspond to the technical standards issued by the Colegio de Contadores de Chile A.G., coinciding with the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS or IFRS, for its acronym in English) agreed by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB). In case of discrepancies between the accounting principles and accounting criteria issued by the CMF (ex SBIF) in its Compendium of Accounting Standards and instructions, these will prevail last.

 

For purposes of these consolidated financial statements the Bank uses certain terms and conventions. References to “USD”, “U.S. dollars” and “dollars” are to United States dollars (MMUSD U.S. million dollar), references to “EUR” are to European Economic Community Euro, references to “CNY” are to Chinese Yuan, references to “JPY” are to Japanese yen, references to “CHF” are to Swiss franc, references to “AUD” references are to Australian dollar, references “Ch$” are to Chilean pesos (MCh$ Chilean million pesos), and references to “UF” are to Unidades de Fomento. The UF is an inflation-indexed Chilean monetary unit with a value in Chilean pesos that changes daily to reflect changes in the official Consumer Price Index (“CPI”) of the Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas (the Chilean National Institute of Statistics) for the previous month.

 

The Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements contain additional information to support the figures submitted in the Consolidated Statement of Financial Position, Consolidated Statement of Income, Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income, Consolidated Statement of Changes in Equity and Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows for the period. These contain narrative descriptions and details of these statements in a clear, relevant, reliable and comparable manner.

 

b)Basis of preparation for the Consolidated Financial Statements

 

The Consolidated Financial Statements as of June 30, 2021 and December 2020, include the financial statements of the entities over which the Bank has control (including structured entities); and includes the adjustments, reclassifications and eliminations needed to comply with the accounting and valuation criteria established by IFRS. Control is achieved when the Bank:

 

I.has power over the investee (i.e., it has rights that grant the current capacity of managing the relevant activities of the investee);

 

II.is exposed, or has rights, to variable returns from its involvement with the investee; and

 

III.has the ability to use its power to affect its returns.

 

The Bank reassesses whether it controls an investee if facts and circumstances indicate that there are changes to one or more of the three elements of control listed above.

 

When the Bank has less than the majority of the voting rights of an investee, but it will be considered to have the power over the investee when the voting rights are sufficient to give it the practical ability to direct the relevant activities over the investee unilaterally.

 

Consolidated Interim Financial Statements June 2021  /  Banco Santander-Chile   F-10

 

 

Banco Santander-Chile and Subsidiaries

Notes to the Consolidated Interim Financial Statements

AS OF JUNE 30, 2021 AND DECEMBER 31, 2020 AND FOR THE SIX-MONTH PERIODS ENDED JUNE 30, 2021 AND 2020

NOTE 01

SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES, continued

 

The Bank considers all relevant facts and circumstances in assessing whether or not the Bank’s voting rights in an investee are sufficient to give it power, these include:

 

·the size of the Bank’s holding of voting rights relative to the size and dispersion of holdings of the other vote holders.

 

·the potential voting rights held by the Bank, other vote holders or other parties.

 

·the rights arising from other contractual agreements.

 

·any additional facts and circumstances that indicate that the Bank has, or does not have, the current ability to direct the relevant activities at the time that decisions need to be made, including voting patterns at previous shareholders’ meetings.

 

Consolidation of a subsidiary begins when the Bank obtains control over the subsidiary and ceases when the Bank loses control over the subsidiary. Specifically, income and expenses of a subsidiary acquired or disposed during the year are included in the Consolidated Statements of Income and Comprehensive Income from the date the Bank gains control until the date when the Bank ceases to control the subsidiary.

 

Profit or loss and each component of other comprehensive income are attributed to the owners of the Bank and to the non-controlling interests. Total comprehensive income of subsidiaries is attributed to the owners of the Bank and to the non-controlling interests even if this results in the non-controlling interests having a deficit in certain circumstances.

 

When necessary, adjustments are made to the financial statements of the subsidiaries to ensure their accounting policies are consistent with the Bank’s accounting policies. All balances and transactions between consolidated entities are eliminated.

 

Changes in the consolidated entities ownership interests in subsidiaries that do not result in a loss of control over the subsidiaries are accounted for as equity transactions. The carrying values of the Bank’s equity and the non-controlling interests’ equity are adjusted to reflect the changes to their relative interests in the subsidiaries. Any difference between the amount by which the non-controlling interests are adjusted and the fair value of the consideration paid or received is recognized directly in equity and attributed to owners of the Bank.

 

In addition, third parties’ shares in the Bank’s consolidated equity are presented as “Non-controlling interests” in the Consolidated Statement of Changes in Equity. Their share in the income for the year is presented as “Attributable to non-controlling interest” in the Consolidated Statement of Income.

 

The following companies are considered entities controlled by the Bank and are therefore within the scope of consolidation:

 

i.Entities controlled by the Bank through participation in equity

 

   Percentage of ownership share
   As of June 30, as of December 31, As of June 30,
  Place of2021 2020 2020
  

Incorporation

and

DirectIndirectTotal DirectIndirectTotal DirectIndirectTotal
Name of the SubsidiaryMain Activityoperation%%% %%% %%%
Santander Corredora de Seguros LimitadaInsurance brokerageSantiago, Chile99.750.0199.76 99.750.0199.76 99.750.0199.76
Santander Corredores de Bolsa LimitadaFinancial instruments brokerageSantiago, Chile50.590.4151.00 50.590.4151.00 50.590.4151.00
Santander Asesorias Financieras LimitadaSecurities brokerageSantiago, Chile99.03-99.03 99.03-99.03 99.03-99.03
Santander S.A. Sociedad SecuritizadoraPurchase of credits and issuance of debt instrumentsSantiago, Chile99.64-99.64 99.64-99.64 99.64-99.64
Klare Corredora de Seguros S.A.Insurance brokerageSantiago, Chile50.10-50.10 50.10-50.10 50.10-50.10
Santander Consumer Finance LimitadaFinancial automoviteSantiago, Chile51.00-51.00 51.00-51.00 51.00-51.00
Sociedad operadora de Tarjetas de Pago Santander Getnet Chile S.A. (1)Card OperatorSantiago, Chile99.990.01100.00 99.990.01100.00 ---

The details of non-controlling interest in all the subsidiaries can be seen in Note 23 – Non-controlling interest.

(1) On July 6, 2020, “Sociedad operadora de Tarjetas de Pago Santander Getnet Chile S.A” was enrolled as a subsidiary.

 

Consolidated Interim Financial Statements June 2021  /  Banco Santander-Chile   F-11

 

 

Banco Santander-Chile and Subsidiaries

Notes to the Consolidated Interim Financial Statements

AS OF JUNE 30, 2021 AND DECEMBER 31, 2020 AND FOR THE SIX-MONTH PERIODS ENDED JUNE 30, 2021 AND 2020

NOTE 01

 

SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES, continued

 

ii.Entities controlled by the Bank through other considerations

 

The following companies have been consolidated based on the fact that the relevant activities of them are determined by the Bank (companies complementary to the banking sector) and therefore the Bank exercises control:

 

-Santander Gestión de Recaudación y Cobranza Limitada (collection services).

-Bansa Santander S.A. (management of repossessed assets and leasing of properties).

-Multiplica SpA (Development card incentive programs).

 

iii.Associates

 

An associate is an entity over which the Bank has the ability to exercise significant influence, but not control or joint control. This ability is usually represented by a share equal to or higher than 20% of the voting rights of the Company and is accounted for using the equity method.

 

The following companies are considered “Associates” in which the Bank accounts for its participation using the equity method:

 

   Percentage of ownership share
AssociatesMain activityPlace of Incorporation and
operation
As of June 30,
2021
%
 As of December 31,
2020
%
 As of June 30,
2020
%
Centro de Compensación Automatizado S.A.Electronic fund transfer and compensation servicesSantiago, Chile33.33 33.33 33.33
Sociedad Interbancaria de Depósito de Valores S.A.Repository of publically offered securitiesSantiago, Chile29.29 29.29 29.29
Cámara Compensación de Alto Valor S.A.Payments clearingSantiago, Chile15.00 15.00 15.00
Administrador Financiero del Transantiago S.A.Administration of boarding passes to public transportationSantiago, Chile20.00 20.00 20.00
Servicios de Infraestructura de Mercado OTC S.A.Administration of the infrastructure for the financial market of derivative instruments  Santiago, Chile12.48 12.48 12.48

 

In the case of Cámara Compensación Alto Valor S.A., Banco Santander-Chile has a representative in the Board of Directors, which is why Management has concluded that it exercises significant influence over the same.

 

In the case of Servicios de Infraestructura de Mercado OTC S.A., the Bank participates, through its executives, actively in the administration, which is why Management has concluded that it exercises significant influence over it.

 

iv.Share or rights in other companies

 

Entities over which the Bank has no control or significant influence are presented in this category. These holdings are shown at acquisition value (historical cost) less impairment, if any.

 

c)Non-controlling interest

 

Non-controlling interest represents the portion of gains or losses and net assets which the Bank does not own, either directly or indirectly. It is presented separately in the Consolidated Statement of Income, and separately from shareholders’ equity in the Consolidated Statement of Financial Position.

 

In the case of entities controlled by the Bank through other considerations, income and equity are presented in full as non-controlling interest, since the Bank controls them, but does not have any ownership.

 

Consolidated Interim Financial Statements June 2021  /  Banco Santander-Chile   F-12

 

 

Banco Santander-Chile and Subsidiaries

Notes to the Consolidated Interim Financial Statements

AS OF JUNE 30, 2021 AND DECEMBER 31, 2020 AND FOR THE SIX-MONTH PERIODS ENDED JUNE 30, 2021 AND 2020

NOTE 01

SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES, continued

 

d)Reporting segments

 

The Bank's operating segments correspond to the units whose operating results are regularly reviewed by the highest decision-making authority. Two or more operating segments can be added into one, only when the aggregation is consistent with the basic principle of International Financial Reporting Standard 8 “Operating Segments” (IFRS 8) and the segments have similar economic characteristics and are similar in each one of the following aspects:

 

i.the nature of the products and services;
ii.the nature of the production processes;
iii.the type or category of customers to whom your products and services are destined;
iv.the methods used to distribute your products or provide services; and
v.if applicable, the nature of the regulatory framework, for example, banking, insurance, or public services.

 

The Bank reports separately on each operating segment that exceeds any of the following quantitative thresholds:

 

i.Its reported revenue, from both external customers and intersegment sales or transfers, is 10% or more of the combined internal and external revenue of all the operating segments.
ii.the absolute amount of its reported profit or loss is equal to or greater than 10%: (i) the combined reported profit of all the operating segments that did not report a loss; (ii) the combined reported loss of all the operating segments that reported a loss.
iii.its assets represent 10% or more of the combined assets of all the operating segments.

 

Operating segments that do not meet any of the quantitative threshold may be treated as segments to be reported, in which case the information must be disclosed separately if management believes it could be useful for the users of the Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

Information about other business activities of the segments not separately reported is combined and disclosed in the “Other segments” category.

 

According to the information presented, the Bank’s segments were selected based on an operating segment being a component of an entity that:

 

i.Engages in business activities from which it may earn revenues and incur expenses (including revenues and expenses from transactions with other components of the same entity);
ii.whose operating results are regularly reviewed by the entity’s chief executive officer, who makes decisions about resources allocated to the segment and assess its performance;
iii.for which discrete financial information is available.

 

e)Functional and presentation currency

 

The Bank, in accordance with IAS 21 "Effects of Variations in Exchange Rates of the Foreign Currency", has defined as functional and presentation currency the Chilean Peso (“Ch$”), which is the currency of the primary economic environment in which the Bank operates, it also obeys the currency that influences the structure of costs and revenues. Therefore, all balances and transactions denominated in currencies other than the Chilean Peso are considered as "Foreign currency".

 

f)Foreign currency transactions

 

The Bank performs transactions in foreign currencies, mainly in U.S. dollar. Assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies and held by the Bank are translated to Chilean pesos based on the representative market rate (discounted spot) on the month end date. The rate used was Ch$732.08 per USD1 for June 2021 (Ch$821.40 per USD1 for June 2020 and Ch$712.47 for December 2020).

 

The amount of net foreign exchange gains and losses include recognition of the effects that exchange rate variations have on assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies and the profits and losses on foreign exchange spot and forward transactions undertaken by the Bank.

 

Consolidated Interim Financial Statements June 2021  /  Banco Santander-Chile   F-13

 

 

Banco Santander-Chile and Subsidiaries

Notes to the Consolidated Interim Financial Statements

AS OF JUNE 30, 2021 AND DECEMBER 31, 2020 AND FOR THE SIX-MONTH PERIODS ENDED JUNE 30, 2021 AND 2020

NOTE 01

SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES, continued

 

g)Definitions and classification of financial instruments

 

i.Definitions

 

A “financial instrument” is any contract that gives rise to a financial asset of an entity, and a financial liability or equity instrument of another entity.

 

An “equity instrument” is a legal transaction that evidences a residual interest on the assets of an entity deducting all of its liabilities.

 

A “financial derivative” is a financial instrument whose value changes in response to changes with regard to an observed market variable (such as an interest rate, a foreign exchange rate, a financial instrument’s price, or a market index, including credit ratings), whose initial investment is very small compared with other financial instruments having a similar response to changes in market factors, and which is generally settled at a future date.

 

“Hybrid financial instruments” are contracts that simultaneously include a non-derivative host contract together with a financial derivative, known as an embedded derivative, which is not separately transferable and has the effect that some of the cash flows of the hybrid contract vary in a way similar to a stand-alone derivative. As of June 30, 2021 and 2020 and December 31, 2020, Banco Santander-Chile did not keep implicit derivatives in its portfolio.

 

ii.Classification of financial assets for measurement purposes

 

Financial assets are classified into the following specified categories: financial assets trading investments at fair value through profit or loss (FVTPL), ‘held to maturity investments’, ‘available for sale investments’ (AFS) financial assets and ‘loans and accounts receivable from customers'. The classification depends on the nature and purpose of the financial assets and is determined at the time of initial recognition.

 

A conventional purchase or sale of financial assets is the purchase or sale of a financial asset that requires the delivery of the asset during a period that is generally regulated or arises from a convention established in the market. A conventional purchase or sale of financial assets will be recognized and written off, as appropriate, by applying the accounting of the date of contracting or that of the settlement date.

 


Financial assets are initially recognized at fair value plus, in the case of financial assets that aren’t accounted for at fair value with changes in profit or loss, transaction costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or issue.

 

Effective interest method

 

The effective interest method is a method of calculating the amortised cost of a debt instrument and of allocating interest income over the relevant period. The effective interest rate is the rate that exactly discounts estimated future cash receipts (including all fees and points paid or received that form an integral part of the effective interest rate, transaction costs and other premiums or discounts) through the expected life of the debt instrument, or, where appropriate, a shorter period, to the net carrying amount on initial recognition.

 

Income is recognised on an effective interest basis for loans and accounts receivables other than those financial assets classified at fair value through profit or loss.

 

Trading investments

 

Financial assets are classified as FVTPL when the financial asset is either held for trading or it is designated as fair value through profit or loss.

 

A financial asset is classified as held for trading if:

 

-It has been acquired with the purpose of selling it in the short term; or
-on initial recognition it is part of a portfolio of identified financial instruments that the Bank manages together and has a recent actual pattern of short-term profit-taking; or
-it is a derivative that is not designated and effective as a hedging instrument.

Consolidated Interim Financial Statements June 2021  /  Banco Santander-Chile   F-14

 

 

Banco Santander-Chile and Subsidiaries

Notes to the Consolidated Interim Financial Statements

AS OF JUNE 30, 2021 AND DECEMBER 31, 2020 AND FOR THE SIX-MONTH PERIODS ENDED JUNE 30, 2021 AND 2020

NOTE 01 

SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES, continued

 

A financial asset other than a financial asset held for trading may be designated as FVTPL upon initial recognition if:

 

-Such designation eliminates or significantly reduces a measurement or recognition inconsistency that would otherwise arise; or
-the financial asset forms part of a group of financial assets or financial liabilities or both, which is managed and its performance is evaluated on a fair value basis, in accordance with the Bank's documented risk management or investment strategy, and information about the grouping is provided internally on that basis; or
-it forms part of a contract containing one or more embedded derivatives, and IAS 39 permits the entire combined contract to be designated as FVTPL.

 

Financial assets FVTPL are stated at fair value, with any gains or losses arising on remeasurement recognised in profit or loss. The net gain or loss recognised incorporates any dividend or interest earned on the financial asset and is included in the ‘net income (expense) from financial operations' line item.

 

Held to maturity investments

 

Held-to-maturity investments are non-derivative financial assets with fixed or determinable payments and fixed maturity dates that the Bank has the positive intent and ability to hold to maturity. Subsequent to initial recognition, held-to-maturity investments are measured at amortised cost using the effective interest method less impairment.

 

Available for sale investments

 

AFS investments are non-derivatives that are either designated as AFS or are not classified as (a) loans and accounts receivable from customers, (b) held-to-maturity investments or (c) financial assets at fair value through profit or loss (trading investments).

 

Financial instruments held by the Bank that are traded in an active market are classified as AFS and are stated at fair value at the end of each reporting period. The Bank also has investments in financial instruments that are not traded in an active market but that are also classified as AFS investments and stated at fair value at the end of each reporting period (because the directors consider that fair value can be reliably measured). Changes in the carrying amount of AFS monetary financial assets relating to changes in foreign currency rates, interest income calculated using the effective interest method and dividends on AFS equity investments are recognised in profit or loss. Other changes in the carrying amount of available for sale investments are recognised in other comprehensive income and accumulated under the heading of “Valuation Adjustment”. When the investment is disposed of or is determined to be impaired, the cumulative gain or loss previously accumulated in the investments revaluation reserve is reclassified to profit or loss.

 

Dividends on AFS equity instruments are recognised in profit or loss when the Bank's right to receive the dividends is established.

 

The fair value of AFS monetary financial assets denominated in a foreign currency is determined in that foreign currency and translated as the described in f) above. The foreign exchange gains and losses that are recognised in profit or loss are determined based on the amortised cost of the monetary asset.

 

Loans and accounts receivables from customers

 

Loans and accounts receivable from customers are non-derivative financial assets with fixed or determinable payments that are not quoted in an active market. Loans and accounts receivables from customers (including loans and accounts receivable from customers and interbank loans) are measured at amortised cost using the effective interest method, less any impairment.

 

Interest income is recognised by applying the effective interest rate, except for short-term receivables where discounting effects are immaterial.

 

Consolidated Interim Financial Statements June 2021  /  Banco Santander-Chile   F-15

 

 

Banco Santander-Chile and Subsidiaries

Notes to the Consolidated Interim Financial Statements

AS OF JUNE 30, 2021 AND DECEMBER 31, 2020 AND FOR THE SIX-MONTH PERIODS ENDED JUNE 30, 2021 AND 2020

NOTE 01

SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES, continued

 

iii.Classification of financial assets for presentation purposes

 

For presentation purposes, the financial assets are classified by their nature into the following line items in the Consolidated Financial Statements:

 

·Cash and deposits in banks: this line includes cash balances, checking accounts and on-demand deposits with the Central Bank of Chile and other domestic and foreign financial institutions. Amounts invested as overnight deposits are included in this item and in the corresponding items. If a special item for these operations is not mentioned, they will be included along with the accounts being reported.

 

·Trading investments: this item includes financial instruments held-for-trading and investments in mutual funds which must be adjusted to their fair value.

 

·Investments under resale agreements: This item presents the balances corresponding to the transactions for the purchase of instruments with an agreement and the securities loans. In accordance with current regulations, the Bank does not register as its own portfolio those papers purchased with retro-purchase agreements.

 

·Financial derivative contracts: financial derivative contracts with positive fair values are presented in this item. It includes both independent contracts as well as derivatives that should and can be separated from a host contract, whether they are for trading or accounted for as derivatives held for hedging, as shown in Note 7.

 

·Trading derivatives: includes the fair value of derivatives which do not qualify for hedge accounting, including embedded derivatives separated from hybrid financial instruments.

 

·Hedging derivatives: includes the fair value of derivatives designated as being in a hedging relationship, including the embedded derivatives separated from the hybrid financial instruments.

 

·Interbank loans: this item includes the balances of transactions with domestic and foreign banks, including the Central Bank of Chile, other than those reflected in certain other financial asset classifications listed above.

 

·Loans and accounts receivables from customers: these loans are non-derivative financial assets for which fixed or determined amounts are charged, that are not listed on an active market and which the Bank does not intend to sell immediately or in the short term. When the Bank is the lessor in a lease, and it substantially transfers the risks and rewards incidental to the leased asset, the transaction is presented in loans and accounts receivable from customers while the leased asset is removed from the Bank´s financial statements.

 

·Investment instruments: are classified into two categories: held-to-maturity investments, and available-for-sale investments. The held-to-maturity investment classification includes only those instruments for which the Bank has the ability and intent to hold to maturity. The remaining investments are treated as available for sale.

 

iv.Classification of financial liabilities for measurement purposes

 

Financial liabilities are classified as either financial liabilities FVTPL or other financial liabilities.

 

Financial liabilities FVTPL

 

As of June 30, 2021 and, 2020 and December 31, 2020, the bank does not possess any financial liabilities FVTPL.

 

Other financial liabilities

 

Other financial liabilities (including interbank borrowings, issued debt instruments and other payables) are initially recorded at fair value and subsequently measured at amortized cost using the effective interest method.

 

Consolidated Interim Financial Statements June 2021  /  Banco Santander-Chile   F-16

 

 

Banco Santander-Chile and Subsidiaries

Notes to the Consolidated Interim Financial Statements

AS OF JUNE 30, 2021 AND DECEMBER 31, 2020 AND FOR THE SIX-MONTH PERIODS ENDED JUNE 30, 2021 AND 2020

NOTE 01

SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES, continued

 

v.Classification of financial liabilities for presentation purposes

 

Financial liabilities are classified by their nature into the following items in the Consolidated Statement of Financial Position:

 

·Deposits and other on-demand liabilities: this includes all on-demand obligations except for term savings accounts, which are not considered on-demand instruments in view of their special characteristics. Obligations whose payment may be required during the period are deemed to be on-demand obligations. Operations which become callable the day after the closing date are not treated as on-demand obligations.

 

·Cash items in process of collection: this item includes balances from asset purchase operations that are not settled the same day, and sale of currencies not yet delivered.

 

·Obligations under repurchase agreements: this includes the balances of sales of financial instruments under securities repurchase and loan agreements. The Bank does not record as own portfolio instruments acquired under repurchase agreements.

 

·

Time deposits and other time liabilities: this shows the balances of deposit transactions in which a term at theend of which they become callable has been stipulated.

 

·Financial derivative contracts: this includes financial derivative contracts with negative fair values (i.e. a liability of the Bank), whether they are for trading or for hedge accounting, as set forth in Note 7.

 

·Trading derivatives: includes the fair value of derivatives which do not qualify for hedge accounting, including embedded derivatives separated from hybrid financial instruments.

 

·Hedging derivatives: includes the fair value of derivatives designated as being in a hedging relationship, including the embedded derivatives separated from the hybrid financial instruments.

 

·Obligations with banks: Includes obligations with other banks in the country, with foreign banks or with the Central Bank of Chile and which were not classified in any previous definition.

 

·Issued debt instruments: there are three types of instruments issued by the Bank: Obligations under letters of credit, Subordinated bonds and Senior bonds placed in the local and foreign market.

 

·Other financial liabilities: this item includes credit obligations to persons other than domestic banks, foreign banks, or the Central Bank of Chile, for financing purposes or operations in the normal course of business.

 

vi.Modified of financial assets

 

When the contractual modification of the cash flows has its origin in financial difficulties of the counterparty and said flows have been adapted so that it can comply with its payment obligations, this modification will not be considered as substantial and therefore will not imply the cancellation of the current financial instrument.

 

On the other hand, when the modification of the contractual flows originate for eminently commercial reasons, said modification will be considered as substantial and therefore will imply the cancellation of the original financial instrument and the recognition of a new one. Any difference that is generated between the book value of the derecognized financial instrument and the fair value of the new financial instrument will be recognized in the Consolidated Statement of Income.

 

h)Valuation of financial instruments and recognition of fair value changes

 

Generally, financial assets and liabilities are initially recognized at fair value, which, in the absence of evidence against it, is deemed to be the transaction price. Financial instruments, other than those measured at fair value through profit or loss, are initially recognized at fair value plus transaction costs. Subsequently, and at the end of each reporting period, financial instruments are measured with the following criteria:

 

Consolidated Interim Financial Statements June 2021  /  Banco Santander-Chile   F-17

 

 

Banco Santander-Chile and Subsidiaries

Notes to the Consolidated Interim Financial Statements

AS OF JUNE 30, 2021 AND DECEMBER 31, 2020 AND FOR THE SIX-MONTH PERIODS ENDED JUNE 30, 2021 AND 2020

NOTE 01

SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES, continued

 

i.Valuation of financial instruments

 

Financial assets are measured according to their fair value, gross of any transaction costs that may be incurred during a sale, except for credit investments and held to maturity investments.

 

According to IFRS 13 Fair Value Measurement, “fair value” is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction in the principal (or most advantageous) market at the measurement date under current market conditions (i.e. an exit price) regardless of whether that price is directly observable or estimated using another valuation technique. When measuring fair value an entity shall consider the characteristics of the asset or liability if market participants would take those characteristics into account when pricing the asset or liability at the measurement date.

 

The fair value measurement assumes that the transaction to sell the asset or transfer the liability takes place either: (a) in the principal market for the asset or liability, or (b) in the absence of a principal market, the most advantageous market for the asset or liability. Even when there is no observable market to provide pricing information in connection with the sale of an asset or the transfer of a liability at the measurement date, the fair value measurement shall assume that the transaction takes place, considered from the perspective of a potential market participant who intends to maximize value associated with the asset or liability.

 

When using valuation techniques, the Bank shall maximize the use of relevant observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs as available. If an asset or a liability measured at fair value has a bid price and an ask price, the price within the bid-ask spread that is most representative of fair value in the circumstances shall be used to measure fair value regardless of where the input is categorized within the fair value hierarchy (i.e. Level 1, 2 or 3).

 

Although the use of average prices is allowed as a practical resource to determine the fair value of an asset or a liability, the Bank makes an adjustment (FVA or fair value adjustment) when there is a gap between the purchase and sale price (close out cost).

 

IFRS 13 establishes a fair value hierarchy that categorizes into three levels the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value. The fair value hierarchy gives the highest priority to quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (Level 1 inputs) and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs (Level 3 inputs).

 

Every derivative is recorded in the Consolidated Statements of Financial Position at fair value as previously described. This value is compared to the valuation at the trade date. If the fair value is subsequently measured positive, this is recorded as an asset, if the fair value is subsequently measured negative, this is recorded as a liability. The fair value on the trade date is deemed, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, to be the transaction price. The changes in the fair value of derivatives from the trade date are recorded in “Net income (expense) from financial operations” in the Consolidated Statement of Income.

 

Specifically, the fair value of financial derivatives included in the portfolios of financial assets or liabilities held for trading is deemed to be their daily quoted price. If, for exceptional reasons, the quoted price cannot be determined on a given date, the fair value is determined using similar methods to those used to measure over the counter (OTC) derivatives. The fair value of OTC derivatives is the sum of the future cash flows resulting from the instrument, discounted to present value at the date of valuation (“present value” or “theoretical close”) using valuation techniques commonly used by the financial markets: “net present value” (NPV) and option pricing models, among other methods. Also, within the fair value of derivatives are included Credit Valuation Adjustment (CVA) and Debit Valuation Adjustment (DVA), all with the objective that the fair value of each instrument includes the credit risk of its counterparty and Bank´s own risk. Counterparty Credit Risk (CVA) is a valuation adjustment to derivatives contracted in non-organized markets as a result of exposure to counterparty credit risk. The CVA is calculated considering the potential exposure to each counterparty in future periods. Own-credit risk (DVA) is a valuation adjustment similar to the CVA, but generated by the Bank's credit risk assumed by our counterparties. In the case of derivative instruments contracted with Central Clearing Houses, in which the variation margin is contractually defined as a firm and irrevocable payment, this payment is considered as part of the fair value of the derivative.

 

“Loans and accounts receivable from customers” and Held-to-maturity instrument portfolio are measured at amortized cost using the effective interest method. Amortized cost is the acquisition cost of a financial asset or liability, plus or minus, as appropriate, prepayments of principal and the cumulative amortization (recorded in the consolidated income statement) of the difference between the initial cost and the maturity amount as calculated under the effective interest method. For financial assets, amortized cost also includes any reductions for impairment or uncollectibility. For loans and accounts receivable designated as hedged items in fair value hedges, the changes in their fair value related to the risk or risks being hedged are recorded in “Net income (expense) from financial operations”.

 

Consolidated Interim Financial Statements June 2021  /  Banco Santander-Chile   F-18

 

 

Banco Santander-Chile and Subsidiaries

Notes to the Consolidated Interim Financial Statements

AS OF JUNE 30, 2021 AND DECEMBER 31, 2020 AND FOR THE SIX-MONTH PERIODS ENDED JUNE 30, 2021 AND 2020

NOTE 01

SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES, continued

 

The “effective interest rate” is the discount rate that exactly matches the initial amount of a financial instrument to all its estimated cash flows over its remaining life. For fixed-rate financial instruments, the effective interest rate incorporates the contractual interest rate established on the acquisition date. Where applicable, the fees and transaction costs that are a part of the financial return are included. For floating-rate financial instruments, the effective interest rate matches the current rate of return until the date of the next review of interest rates.

 

The amounts at which the financial assets are recorded represent the Bank’s maximum exposure to credit risk as at the reporting date. The Bank has also received collateral and other credit enhancements to mitigate its exposure to credit risk, which consist mainly of mortgage guarantees, equity instruments and personal securities, assets under leasing agreements, assets acquired under repurchase agreements, securities loans and derivatives.

 

Capital instruments whose fair value cannot be determined sufficiently objectively and financial derivatives that have these instruments as underlying assets and are settled by delivery thereof are maintained at their acquisition cost, corrected, where appropriate, by losses for deterioration they have experienced.

 

ii.Valuation techniques

 

Financial instruments at fair value, determined based on price quotations in active markets, include government debt securities, private sector debt securities, equity shares, short positions, and fixed-income securities issued.

 

In cases where price quotations cannot be observed in available markets, the Bank’s management determines a best estimate of the price that the market would set using its own internal models. In most cases, these models use data based on observable market parameters as significant inputs however for some valuations of financial instruments, significant inputs are unobservable in the market. To determine a value for those instruments, various techniques are employed to make these estimates, including the extrapolation of observable market data.

 

The most reliable evidence of the fair value of a financial instrument on initial recognition is usually the transaction price, however due to lack of availability of market information, the value of the instrument may be derived from other market transactions performed with the same or similar instruments or may be measured by using a valuation technique in which the variables used include only observable market data, mainly interest rates.

 

The main techniques used as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, by the Bank’s internal models to determine the fair value of the financial instruments are as follows:

 

i.In the valuation of financial instruments permitting static hedging (mainly forwards and swaps), the present value method is used. Estimated future cash flows are discounted using the interest rate curves of the related currencies. The interest rate curves are generally observable market data.

 

ii.In the valuation of financial instruments requiring dynamic hedging (mainly structured options and other structured instruments), the Black-Scholes model is normally used. Where appropriate, observable market inputs are used to obtain factors such as the bid-offer spread, exchange rates, volatility, correlation indexes and market liquidity.

 

iii.In the valuation of certain financial instruments exposed to interest rate risk, such as interest rate futures, caps and floors, the present value method (futures) and the Black-Scholes model (plain vanilla options) are used. The main inputs used in these models are observable market data, including the related interest rate curves, volatilities, correlations and exchange rates.

 

The fair value of the financial instruments calculated by the aforementioned internal models considers contractual terms and observable market data, which include interest rates, credit risk, exchange rates, quoted market price of shares and market rates of raw materials, volatility, prepayments and liquidity. The Bank’s management considers that its valuation models are not significantly subjective, since these methodologies can be adjusted and evaluated, as appropriate, through the internal calculation of fair value and the subsequent comparison with the related actively traded price.

 

Consolidated Interim Financial Statements June 2021  /  Banco Santander-Chile   F-19

 

 

Banco Santander-Chile and Subsidiaries

Notes to the Consolidated Interim Financial Statements

AS OF JUNE 30, 2021 AND DECEMBER 31, 2020 AND FOR THE SIX-MONTH PERIODS ENDED JUNE 30, 2021 AND 2020

NOTE 01

SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES, continued

 

iii.Hedging transactions and macrohedge

The Bank uses financial derivatives for the following purposes:

 

i.To sell to customers who request these instruments in the management of their market and credit risks;
ii.to use these derivatives in the management of the risks of the Bank entities’ own positions and assets and liabilities (“hedging derivatives”), and
iii.to obtain profits from changes in the price of these derivatives (trading derivatives).

 

All financial derivatives that are not held for hedging purposes are accounted for as trading derivatives.

 

A derivative qualifies for hedge accounting if all the following conditions are met:

 

1.The derivative hedges one of the following three types of exposure:

 

a.Changes in the value of assets and liabilities due to fluctuations, among others, in inflation (UF), the interest rate and/or exchange rate to which the position or balance to be hedged is subject (“fair value hedge”);

 

b.Changes in the estimated cash flows arising from financial assets and liabilities, commitments and highly probable forecasted transactions (“cash flow hedge”);

 

c.The net investment in a foreign operation (“hedge of a net investment in a foreign operation”).

 

2.It is effective in offsetting exposure inherent in the hedged item or position throughout the expected term of the hedge, which means that:

 

a.At the date of arrangement, the hedge is expected, under normal conditions, to be highly effective (“prospective effectiveness”).

 

b.There is sufficient evidence that the hedge was actually effective during the life of the hedged item or position (“retrospective effectiveness”).

 

3.There must be adequate documentation evidencing the specific designation of the financial derivative to hedge certain balances or transactions and how this effective hedge was expected to be achieved and measured, in consistency with the Bank’s management of own risks.

 

The changes in the value of financial instruments qualifying for hedge accounting are recorded as follows:

 

a.For fair value hedges, the gains or losses arising on both hedging instruments and the hedged items (attributable to the type of risk being hedged) are included as “Net income (expense) from financial operations” in the Consolidated Statement of Income.

 

b.For fair value hedges of interest rate risk on a portfolio of financial instruments, gains or losses that arise in measuring hedging instruments and other gains or losses due to changes in fair value of the underlying hedged item (attributable to the hedged risk) are recorded in the Consolidated Financial Statement of Income under “Net income (expense) from financial operations”.

 

c.For cash flow hedges, the change in fair value of the hedging instrument is included as “Cash flow hedge” in “Other comprehensive income”.

 

d.The differences in valuation of the hedging instrument corresponding to the ineffective portion of the cash flow hedging transactions are recorded directly in the Consolidated Statement of Income under “Net income (expense) from financial operations”.

 

If a derivative designated as a hedging instrument no longer meets the requirements described above due to expiration, ineffectiveness or for any other reason, hedge accounting treatment is discontinued. When “fair value hedging” is discontinued, the fair value adjustments to the carrying amount of the hedged item arising from the hedged risk are amortized to gain or loss from that date, when applicable.

 

When cash flow hedges are discontinued any cumulative gain or loss of the hedging instrument recognized under “Other comprehensive income” (from the period when the hedge was effective) remains recorded in equity until the hedged transaction occurs, at which time it is recorded in the Consolidated Statement of Income, unless the transaction is no longer expected to occur, in which case any cumulative gain or loss is recorded immediately in the Consolidated Statement of Income.

 

Consolidated Interim Financial Statements June 2021  /  Banco Santander-Chile   F-20

 

 

Banco Santander-Chile and Subsidiaries

Notes to the Consolidated Interim Financial Statements

AS OF JUNE 30, 2021 AND DECEMBER 31, 2020 AND FOR THE SIX-MONTH PERIODS ENDED JUNE 30, 2021 AND 2020

NOTE 01 

SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES, continued

 

iv.Embedded Derivatives in hybrid financial instruments

 

Embedded Derivatives in other financial instruments or in other host contracts are accounted for separately as derivatives if 1) their risks and characteristics are not closely related to the host contracts, 2) a separate instrument with the same terms as the embedded derivative would meet the definition of a derivative, and 3) provided that the host contracts are not classified as “Trading investments” or as other financial assets (liabilities) at fair value through profit or loss.

 

v.Offsetting of financial instruments

 

Financial asset and liability balances are offset, i.e., reported in the Consolidated Statements of Financial Position at their net amount, only if there is a legally enforceable right to offset the recorded amounts and the Bank intends either to settle them on a net basis or to realize the asset and settle the liability simultaneously. As of June 30, 2021, and December 31, 2020, there is not offsetting of financial asset and liability balances.

 

vi.Derecognition of financial assets and liabilities

 

The accounting treatment of transfers of financial assets is determined by the extent and the way the risks and rewards associated with the transferred assets are transferred to third parties:

 

i.If the Bank transfers substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership to third parties, as in the case of unconditional sales of financial assets, sales under repurchase agreements at fair value at the date of repurchase, sales of financial assets with a purchased call option or written put option deeply out of the money, utilization of assets in which the transferor does not retain subordinated debt nor grants any credit enhancement to the new holders, and other similar cases, the transferred financial asset is derecognized from the Consolidated Statement of Financial Position and any rights or obligations retained or created in the transfer are simultaneously recorded.

 

ii.If the Bank retains substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership associated with the transferred financial asset, as in the case of sales of financial assets under repurchase agreements at a fixed price or at the sale price plus interest, securities lending agreements under which the borrower undertakes to return the same or similar assets, and other similar cases, the transferred financial asset is not derecognized from the Consolidated Financial Statement of Financial Position and continues to be measured by the same criteria as those used before the transfer. However, the following items are recorded:

 

-An associated financial liability for an amount equal to the consideration received; this liability is subsequently measured at amortized cost.
-Both the income from the transferred (but not removed) financial asset as well as any expenses incurred due to the new financial liability.

 

iii.If the Bank neither transfers nor substantially retains all the risks and rewards of ownership associated with the transferred financial asset—as in the case of sales of financial assets with a purchased call option or written put option that is not deeply in or out of the money, securitization of assets in which the transferor retains a subordinated debt or other type of credit enhancement for a portion of the transferred asset, and other similar cases, the following distinction is made:

 

a.If the transferor does not retain control of the transferred financial asset: the asset is derecognized from the Consolidated Statement of Financial Position and any rights or obligations retained or created in the transfer are recognized.

 

b.If the transferor retains control of the transferred financial asset: it continues to be recognized in the Consolidated Statement of Financial Position for an amount equal to its exposure to changes in value and a financial liability associated with the transferred financial asset is recorded. The net carrying amount of the transferred asset and the associated liability is the amortized cost of the rights and obligations retained, if the transferred asset is measured at amortized cost, or the fair value of the rights and obligations retained, if the transferred asset is measured at fair value.

 

Accordingly, financial assets are only derecognized from the Consolidated Statement of Financial Position when the rights over the cash flows they generate have terminated or when all the inherent risks and rewards of ownership have been substantially transferred to third parties. Similarly, financial liabilities are only derecognized from the Consolidated Financial Statement Financial Position when the obligations specified in the contract are discharged or cancelled or the contract has matured.

 

Consolidated Interim Financial Statements June 2021  /  Banco Santander-Chile   F-21

 

 

Banco Santander-Chile and Subsidiaries

Notes to the Consolidated Interim Financial Statements

AS OF JUNE 30, 2021 AND DECEMBER 31, 2020 AND FOR THE SIX-MONTH PERIODS ENDED JUNE 30, 2021 AND 2020

NOTE 01

SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES, continued

 

i)Recognizing income and expenses

 

The most significant criteria used by the Bank to recognize its revenues and expenses are summarized as follows:

 

i.Interest revenue, interest expense, and similar items

 

Interest revenue, expense and similar items are recorded on an accrual basis using the effective interest method.

 

However, when a given operation or transaction is past due by 90 days or more, originated from a refinancing or renegotiation, or when the Bank believes that the debtor poses a high risk of default, the interest and adjustments pertaining to these transactions are not recorded directly in the Consolidated Statement of Income unless they have been actually received.

 

This interest and adjustments are generally referred to as “suspended” and are recorded as memorandum accounts in they are reported as part of the complementary information thereto and as memorandum accounts (Note 24). This interest is recognized as income, when collected.

 

The resumption of interest income recognition of previously impaired loans only occurs when such loans become current (i.e. payments were received such that the loans are contractually past-due for less than 90 days) or they are no longer classified under the C3, C4, C5, or C6 risk categories (for loans individually evaluated for impairment).

 

ii.Commissions, fees, and similar items

 

Fee and commission income and expenses are recognized in the Consolidated Statement of Income using criteria stablished in IFRS 15 “Revenue from contracts with customers”.

 

Under IFRS 15, the Bank recognize revenue when (or as) satisfied a performance obligation by transferring a service (i.e. an asset) to a customer; under this definition an asset is transferred when (or as) the customer obtains control of that asset. The Bank considers the terms of the contract and its customary business practices to determine the transaction price. The transaction price is the amount of consideration to which an entity expects to be entitled in exchange for transferring promised goods or services to a customer, excluding amounts collected on behalf of third parties.

 

The Bank transfers control of a good or service over time and, therefore, satisfies a performance obligation and recognises revenue over time, and/or the Bank satisfies the performance obligation at a point in time.

 

The main income arising from commissions, fees and similar items correspond to:

 

-Fees and commissions for lines of credits and overdrafts: includes accrued fees related to granting lines of credit and overdrafts in checking accounts.
-Fees and commissions for guarantees and letters of credit: includes accrued fees in the period relating to granting of guarantee payment for current and contingent third-party obligations.
-Fees and commissions for card services: includes accrued and earned commissions in the period related to use of credit cards, debit cards and other cards.
-Fees and commissions for management of accounts: includes accrued commissions for the maintenance of checking, savings and other accounts.
-Fees and commissions for collections and payments: includes income arising from collections and payments services provided by the Bank.
-Fees and commissions for intermediation and management of securities: includes income from brokerage, placements, administration and securities’ custody services.
-Fees and commissions for insurance brokerage fees: includes income arising for insurances distribution.
-Other fees and commissions: include income arising from currency changes, financial advisory, cashier check issuance, placement of financial products and online banking services.
-Compensation for card operation: includes commission expenses for credit and debit card operations related to income commissions card services.
-Fees and commissions for securities transactions: includes commissions expense for deposits, securities custody service and securities’ brokerage.
-Other fees and commissions: include mainly expenses generated from online services.

 

Consolidated Interim Financial Statements June 2021  /  Banco Santander-Chile   F-22

 

 

Banco Santander-Chile and Subsidiaries

Notes to the Consolidated Interim Financial Statements

AS OF JUNE 30, 2021 AND DECEMBER 31, 2020 AND FOR THE SIX-MONTH PERIODS ENDED JUNE 30, 2021 AND 2020

 

NOTE 01

SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES, continued

 

The main expense arising from commissions, fees and similar items correspond to:

 

-Compensation for card operation: includes commission expenses for credit and debit card operations related to income commissions card services.
-Fees and commissions for securities transactions: includes commissions expense for deposits, securities custody service and securities' brokerage.
-Other fees and commissions: include mainly expenses generated from online services.

 

The Bank has incorporated disaggregated revenue disclosure and reportable segment relationship in Note 25.

 

Additionally, the Bank maintains certain loyalty programs associated to its credit cards services, for which has deferred a percentage of the consideration received in the statement of financial position to comply with its related performance obligation according IFRS 15, or has liquidated on a monthly basis as far they arise.

 

iii.Non-financial income and expenses

 

They are recognized in accordance with the criteria established in IFRS 15, identifying the performance obligation and when they are satisfied (accrued).

 

iv.Commissions in the formalization of loans

 

The financial commissions that arise in the formalization of loans, mainly the opening or study and information commissions, are periodized and recorded in the Statement of the Consolidated Income throughout the life of the loan.

 

j)Impairment of Non-financial assets:

 

The Bank’s non-financial assets, excluding investment properties, are reviewed at the reporting date to determine whether they show signs of impairment (i.e. it carrying amount exceeds its recoverable amount). If any such evidence exists, the recoverable amount of the asset is estimated, in order to determine the extent of the impairment loss.

 

Recoverable amount is the higher of fair value less costs to sell and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the asset for which the estimates of future cash flows have not been adjusted.

 

If the recoverable amount of an asset is estimated to be less than it carrying amount, the carrying amount of the asset is reduced to its recoverable amount. An impairment loss is recognized immediately in profit or loss.

 

In connection with other assets, impairment losses recorded in prior periods are assessed at each reporting date to determine whether the loss has decreased and should be reversed. The increased carrying amount of an asset other than goodwill attributable to a reversal of an impairment loss shall not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined (net of amortization or depreciation) had no impairment loss been recognized for the asset in prior years. Losses for goodwill impairment recognized through capital gains are not reversed.

 

k)Property, plant, and equipment

 

This category includes the amount of buildings, land, furniture, vehicles, computer hardware and other fixed assets owned by the consolidated entities or acquired under finance leases. Assets are classified according to their use as follows:

 

i.Property, plant and equipment for own use

 

Property, plant and equipment for own use includes but is not limited to tangible assets received by the consolidated entities in full or partial satisfaction of financial assets representing accounts receivable from third parties which are intended to be held for continuing own use and tangible assets acquired under finance leases. These assets are presented at acquisition cost less the related accumulated depreciation and, if applicable, any impairment losses resulting from comparing the net value of each item to the respective recoverable amount.

 

Depreciation is calculated using the straight-line method over the acquisition cost of assets less their residual value, assuming that the land on which buildings and other structures stand has an indefinite life and, therefore, is not subject to depreciation.

 

Consolidated Interim Financial Statements June 2021  /  Banco Santander-Chile   F-23

 

 

Banco Santander-Chile and Subsidiaries

Notes to the Consolidated Interim Financial Statements

AS OF JUNE 30, 2021 AND DECEMBER 31, 2020 AND FOR THE SIX-MONTH PERIODS ENDED JUNE 30, 2021 AND 2020

NOTE 01

SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES, continued

 

The Bank applies the following useful lives for the tangible assets that comprise its assets:

 

ITEM 

Useful life

(in months)

Land  - 
Paintings and works of art  - 
Carpets and curtains  36 
Computers and hardware  36 
Vehicles  36 
IT systems and software  36 
ATMs  60 
Other machines and equipment  60 
Office furniture  60 
Telephone and communication systems  60 
Security systems  60 
Rights over telephone lines  60 
Air conditioning systems  84 
Other installations  120 
Buildings  1,200 

 

The consolidated entities assess at each reporting period whether there is any indicator that the carrying amount of any tangible asset exceeds its recoverable amount. If this is the case, the carrying amount of the asset is reduced to its recoverable amount and future depreciation charges are adjusted in accordance with the revised carrying amount and to the new remaining useful life.

 

The estimated useful lives of the items of property, plant and equipment held for own use are reviewed at the end of each reporting period to detect significant changes. If changes are detected, the useful lives of the assets are adjusted by correcting the depreciation charge to be recorded in the Consolidated Statement of Income in future years based on the new useful lives.

 

Maintenance expenses relating to tangible assets held for own use are recorded as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

 

ii.Assets leased out under operating leases

 

The criteria used to record the acquisition cost of assets leased out under operating leases, to calculate their depreciation and their respective estimated useful lives, and to record their impairment losses, are the same as those for property, plant and equipment held for own use.

 

l)Leases

 

At inception of a contract the Bank assesses whether a contract contains a lease. A contract contains a lease if the contracts conveys the right to control the use of an identified asset for a period of time in exchange for consideration. To assess whether a contract conveys the right to control the use of an identified asset, the Bank assesses whether:

 

the contract involves the use of an identified asset – this may be specified explicitly or implicitly and should be physically distinct. If the supplier has a substantive substitution right, then the asset is not identified;
the Bank has the right to obtain substantially all the economic benefits from use of the asset throughout the period of use, and
the Bank has the right to direct the use of the asset – this is decision-making purpose for which asset is use.

 

a.As a Lessee

 

The Bank recognises a right-of-use asset and a lease liability at the lease commencement date in accordance within IFRS 16 “Leases”. The main contracts that the Bank has are offices and branches related, which are necessary to carry out its activities.

 

At the beginning, the right-of-use asset is equal to the lease liability and is calculated as the present value of the lease payments discounted using the incremental interest rate at the commencement date, considering the lease term of each contract. The average incremental interest rate is 1.45%. After initial recognition, the right-of-use is subsequently depreciated using the straight-line method in accordance with the lease term of the contract, and the lease liability is amortised in accordance with the effective interest method. Financial interest is accounted as interest expense, and depreciation as depreciation expense in each period.

 

Consolidated Interim Financial Statements June 2021  /  Banco Santander-Chile   F-24

 

 

Banco Santander-Chile and Subsidiaries

Notes to the Consolidated Interim Financial Statements

AS OF JUNE 30, 2021 AND DECEMBER 31, 2020 AND FOR THE SIX-MONTH PERIODS ENDED JUNE 30, 2021 AND 2020

NOTE 01

SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES, continued

 

The term of the lease comprises non-cancelable periods established within each contract, while for lease contracts with an indefinite useful life, the Bank has determined to assign a useful life equal to the longer non-cancelable period of its lease agreements. The Bank has elected not to recognise right-of-use assets and lease liabilities for short term leases that have a lease term of 12 months or less and leases of low-value assets. The Bank recognises lease payments associated with these leases as an expense on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Any modification in the terms or lease should be treated as a new measurement.

 

At initial measurement, the Bank measures the right-of-use asset at cost. The rent of these leases is agreed in UF, and payable in Chilean pesos. According to the provisions of Circular No. 3,649 of the CMF (ex SBIF), the monthly variation in UF that affects the contracts established in said monetary unit should be treated as a new measurement, and therefore, readjustments should be recognized as a modification to the obligation and in parallel the amount of the asset must be adjusted for the right to use leased assets.

 

The Bank has not entered into to lease agreements with guarantee clauses for residual value or variable lease payments.

 

b.As a lessor

 

When the Bank acts as a lessor, it determines at the beginning if it corresponds to a financial or operating lease. To do this, it evaluates whether it has substantially transferred all the risks and benefits of the asset. In the affirmative case, it corresponds to a financial lease, otherwise it is an operating lease. The Bank recognizes the lease income on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

 

c.Third party financing

 

The Bank recognises the loans with third parties within “Loans and accounts receivable from customers” in the Consolidated Statements of Financial Position, the sum of the present value of the lease payments receivable from the lessee, including the exercise price of the lessee’s purchase option at the end of the lease term, when at the inception of the lease it is reasonably certain that the lessee will exercise the option.

 

The finance income and expenses arising from these contracts are recorded under “Interest income” and “Interest expense” respectively, in Consolidated Statements of Income to achieve constant return rate over the lease term.

 

m)Factoring transactions

 

Factored receivables are valued at the amount disbursed by the Bank in exchange of invoices or other commercial instruments representing the credit which the transferor assigns to the Bank. The price difference between the amounts disbursed and the actual face value of the credits is recorded as interest income in the Consolidated Statement of Income using the effective interest method over the financing period.

 

When the assignment of these instruments involves no liability on the part of the assignee, the Bank assumes the risks of insolvency of the parties responsible for payment.

 

n)Intangible assets

 

Intangible assets are identified as non-monetary assets (separately identifiable from other assets) without physical substance which arise as a result of legal or contractual rights. The Bank recognizes an intangible asset, whether purchased or self-created (at cost), when the cost of the asset can be measured reliably and it is probable that the future economic benefits that are attributable to the asset will flow to the Bank.

 

Intangible assets are recorded initially at acquisition or production cost and are subsequently measured at cost less any accumulated amortization and any accumulated impairment losses.

 

Internally developed computer software is recorded as an intangible asset if, among other requirements (basically the Bank’s ability to use or sell it), it can be identified and its ability to generate future economic benefits can be demonstrated.

 

Intangible assets are amortized linearly based on the estimated useful life, which has been defined by default in 36 months, and can be modified to the extent that it is demonstrated that the Bank will benefit from the use of the intangible for a different period mentioned above.

 

Expenditure on research activities is recorded as an expense in the year in which it is incurred and cannot be subsequently capitalized.

 

Consolidated Interim Financial Statements June 2021  /  Banco Santander-Chile   F-25

 

 

Banco Santander-Chile and Subsidiaries

Notes to the Consolidated Interim Financial Statements

AS OF JUNE 30, 2021 AND DECEMBER 31, 2020 AND FOR THE SIX-MONTH PERIODS ENDED JUNE 30, 2021 AND 2020

NOTE 01

SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES, continued

 

o)Cash and cash equivalents

 

The indirect method is used to prepare the cash flow statement, starting with the Bank’s consolidated pre-tax income and incorporating non-cash transactions, as well as income and expenses associated with cash flows, which are classified as investing, financing or operating activities.

 

The cash flow statement was prepared considering the following definitions:

 

i.Cash flows: Inflows and outflows of cash and cash equivalents, such as deposits with the Central Bank of Chile, deposits in domestic banks, and deposits in foreign banks.
ii.Operating activities: Principal revenue-producing activities performed by banks and other activities that cannot be classified as investing or financing activities.
iii.Investing activities: The acquisition and disposal of long-term assets and other investments not included in cash and cash equivalents.
iv.Financing Activities: Activities that result in changes in the size and composition of equity and liabilities that are not operating or investing activities.

 

p)Allowances for loan losses

 

The Bank continuously evaluates the entire loan portfolio and contingent loans, as it is established by the CMF, to timely provide the necessary and sufficient provisions to cover expected losses associated with the characteristics of the debtors and their loans, which determine payment behavior and recovery.

 

The Bank has established provisions for probable losses in credits and accounts receivable from customers in accordance with the instructions issued by the CMF (ex SBIF) and the credit risk rating and evaluation model approved by the Board of Directors, including the modifications introduced by Circulars N° 3,573 and N° 3,584 and their subsequent amendments which establish the standard method for residential mortgage loans and Circulars N° 3,638 and N° 3,647 related to commercial loans for group portfolio, complement and specify instructions on provisions and credits that make up the impaired portfolio.

 

The Bank uses the following models established by the CMF, to evaluate its loan portfolio and credit risk:

 

-Individual assessment - where the Bank assesses a debtor as individually significant when their loans are significant, or when the debtor cannot be classified within a group of financial assets with similar credit risk characteristics, due to its size, complexity or level of exposure.
-Group assessment - a group assessment is relevant for analyzing a large number of transactions with small individual balances due from individuals or small companies. The Bank groups debtors with similar credit risk characteristics giving to each group a default probability and recovery rate based on a historical analysis. The Bank has implemented standard models for mortgage loans (Circular N°3,573 and N°3,584), and commercial loan (Circular N° 3,638 and N°3,647) and internal models for consumer loans.

 

For the company Santander Consumer Finance Limitada the determination of the provision for credit risk is made using internal models under IFRS 9 to determine the expected losses for this default. These internal models are reviewed monthly and the modifications to said models are approved by the Board of Directors on a quarterly basis, after review and approval by the Company's General Management. These models collectively evaluate the receivables, for which said loans are grouped based on similar credit risk characteristics, which indicate the debtor's ability to pay on the entire debt, principal and interest, in accordance with the terms of the contract. In addition, this allows evaluating a large number of transactions with low individual amounts, regardless of whether they belong to individuals or small companies. Therefore, debtors and loans with similar characteristics are grouped together and each group has a risk level assigned to it. During the first half of 2020, Santander Consumer Finance Limitada carried out a calibration of its credit risk provision models, with the aim of improving the prediction parameters of customer behavior and maintaining the statistical monitoring standards, which resulted in a higher provision with an effect on results of Ch$ 1,900 million.

 

On April 2, 2020, the CMF published additional temporary measures for the treatment of provisions. The new measures seek to provide an accounting framework for the rescheduling of credit, facilitate its conditions and avoid computing higher provisions. The exceptional treatment valid until July 31, 2020 and considers the freezing of provisions.

 

In April 2021, with the aim of improving the prediction of customer behavior and maintaining high monitoring standards, the Bank implemented a calibration of its group credit risk provision models. The effects of this calibration implied a higher endowment of provisions for an approximate amount of $ 28,000 million.

 

I.Allowances for individual assessment

 

An individual assessment of commercial debtors is necessary according to the CMF, in the case of companies which, due to their size, complexity or level of exposure, must be known and analyzed in detail.

 

Consolidated Interim Financial Statements June 2021  /  Banco Santander-Chile   F-26

 

 

Banco Santander-Chile and Subsidiaries

Notes to the Consolidated Interim Financial Statements

AS OF JUNE 30, 2021 AND DECEMBER 31, 2020 AND FOR THE SIX-MONTH PERIODS ENDED JUNE 30, 2021 AND 2020

NOTE 01

SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES, continued

 

The analysis of the debtor is primarily focused on their credit quality and their risk category classification of the debtor and of their respective contingent loans and loans These are assigned to one of the following portfolio categories: Normal, Substandard and Impaired. The risk factors considered are: industry or economic sector, owners or managers, financial situation and payment ability, and payment behavior.

 

The portfolio categories and their definitions are as follows:

 

i.Normal Portfolio includes debtors with a payment ability that allows them to meet their obligations and commitments. Evaluations of the current economic and financial environment do not indicate that this will change. The classifications assigned to this portfolio are categories from A1 to A6.

 

ii.Substandard Portfolio includes debtors with financial difficulties or a significant deterioration of their payment ability. There is reasonable doubt concerning the future reimbursement of the capital and interest within the contractual terms, with limited ability to meet short-term financial obligations. The classifications assigned to this portfolio are categories from B1 to B4.

 

iii.Impaired Portfolio includes debtors and their loans where repayment is considered remote, with a reduced or no likelihood of repayment. This portfolio includes debtors who have stopped paying their loans or that indicate that they will stop paying, as well as those who require forced debt restructuration, reducing the obligation or delaying the term of the capital or interest, and any other debtor who is over 90 days overdue in his payment of interest or capital. The classifications assigned to this portfolio are categories from C1 to C6.

 

Normal and Substandard Compliance Portfolio

 

As part of individual assessment, the Bank classifies debtors into the following categories, assigning them a probability of non-performance (PNP) and severity (SEV), which result in the expected loss percentages:

 

Portfolio Debtor’s Category 

Probability of

Non-Performance (%)

 Severity (%) Expected Loss (%)
  A1  0.04   90.0   0.03600 
  A2  0.10   82.5   0.08250 
  A3  0.25   87.5   0.21875 
Normal Portfolio A4  2.00   87.5   1.75000 
  A5  4.75   90.0   4.27500 
  A6  10.00   90.0   9.00000 
  B1  15.00   92.5   13.87500 
  B2  22.00   92.5   20.35000 
Substandard Portfolio B3  33.00   97.5   32.17500 
  B4  45.00   97.5   43.87500 

 

The Bank first determines all credit exposures, which includes the accounting balances of loans and accounts receivable from customers plus contingent loans, less any amount recovered through executing the financial guarantees or collateral covering the operations. The percentages of expected loss are applied to this exposure. In the case of collateral, the Bank must demonstrate that the value assigned reasonably reflects the value obtainable on disposal of the assets or equity instruments. When the credit risk of the debtor is substituted for the credit quality of the collateral or guarantor, this methodology is applicable only when the guarantor or surety is an entity qualified in an assimilable investment grade by a local or international company rating agency recognized by the CMF. Guaranteed securities cannot be deducted from the exposure amount, only financial guarantees and collateral can be considered.

 

Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Bank must maintain a minimum provision of 0.5% over loans and contingent loans in the normal portfolio.

 

Impaired Portfolio

 

The impaired portfolio includes all loans and the entire value of contingent loans of the debtors that are over 90 days overdue on the payment of interest or principal of any loan at the end of the month. It also includes debtors who have been granted a loan to refinance loans over 60 days overdue, as well as debtors who have undergone forced restructuration or partial debt condonation.

 

The impaired portfolio excludes: a) residential mortgage loans, with payments less than 90 days overdue; and, b) loans to finance higher education according to Law 20,027, provided the breach conditions outlined in Circular N°3,454 of December 10, 2008 are not fulfilled.

 

Consolidated Interim Financial Statements June 2021  /  Banco Santander-Chile   F-27

 

 

Banco Santander-Chile and Subsidiaries

Notes to the Consolidated Interim Financial Statements

AS OF JUNE 30, 2021 AND DECEMBER 31, 2020 AND FOR THE SIX-MONTH PERIODS ENDED JUNE 30, 2021 AND 2020

NOTE 01

SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES, continued

 

The provision for an impaired portfolio is calculated by determining the expected loss rate for the exposure, adjusting for amounts recoverable through available financial guarantees and deducting the present value of recoveries made through collection services after the related expenses.

 

Once the expected loss range is determined, the related provision percentage is applied over the exposure amount, which includes loans and contingent loans related to the debtor.

 

The allowance rates applied over the calculated exposure are as follows:

 

Classification Estimated range of loss Allowance
C1 Up to 3% 2%
C2 Greater than 3% and less than 20% 10%
C3 Greater than 20% and less than 30% 25%
C4 Greater than 30% and less than 50% 40%
C5 Greater than 50% and less than 80% 65%
C6 Greater than 80% 90%

 

Loans are maintained in the impaired portfolio until their payment ability is normal, notwithstanding the write off of each particular credit that meets conditions of Title II of Chapter B-2. Once the circumstances that led to classification in the Impaired Portfolio have been overcome, the debtor can be removed from this portfolio once all the following conditions are met:

 

i.The debtor has no obligations of the debtor with the Bank more than 30 days overdue;
ii.the debtor has not been granted loans to pay its obligations;
iii.at least one of the payments include the amortization of capital;
iv.if the debtor has made partial loan payments in the last six months, two payments have already been made;
v.if the debtor must pay monthly installments for one or more loans, four consecutive installments have been made;
vi.the debtor does not appear to have bad debts in the information provided by the CMF ( ex SBIF), except for insignificant amounts.

 

II.Allowances for group assessments

 

Group assessments are used to estimate allowances required for loans with low balances related to individuals or small companies.

 

Group assessments require the formation of groups of loans with similar characteristics by type of debtor and loan conditions, in order to establish both the group payment behavior and the recoveries of their defaulted loans, using technically substantiated estimates and prudential criteria. The model used is based on the characteristics of the debtor, payment history, outstanding loans and default among other relevant factors.

 

The Bank uses methodologies to establish credit risk, based on internal models to estimate the allowances for the group-evaluated portfolio. This portfolio includes commercial loans with debtors that are not assessed individually, mortgage and consumer loans (including installment loans, credit cards and overdraft lines). These methods allow the Bank to independently identify the portfolio behavior and establish the provision required to cover losses arising during the year.

 

The customers are classified according to their internal and external characteristics into profiles, using a customer-portfolio model to differentiate each portfolio’s risk in an appropriate manner. This is known as the profile allocation method.

 

The profile allocation method is based on a statistical construction model that establishes a relationship through logistic regression between variables (for example default, payment behavior outside the Bank, socio-demographic data) and a response variable which determines the client’s risk, which in this case is over 90 days overdue. Hence, common profiles are established and assigned a Probability of Non-Performance (PNP) and a recovery rate based on a historical analysis known as Severity (SEV).

 

Therefore, once the customers have been profiled, and the loan’s profile assigned a PNP and a SEV, the exposure at default (EXP) is calculated. This exposure includes the book value of the loans and accounts receivable from the customer, plus contingent loans, less any amount that can be recovered by executing guarantees (for credits other than consumer loans).

 

Consolidated Interim Financial Statements June 2021  /  Banco Santander-Chile   F-28

 

 

Banco Santander-Chile and Subsidiaries

Notes to the Consolidated Interim Financial Statements

AS OF JUNE 30, 2021 AND DECEMBER 31, 2020 AND FOR THE SIX-MONTH PERIODS ENDED JUNE 30, 2021 AND 2020

NOTE 01

SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES, continued

 

Notwithstanding the above, on establishing provisions associated with mortgage and commercial loans, the Bank must recognize minimum provisions according to standard methods established by the CMF (ex SBIF) for those types of loans. While this is considered to be a prudent minimum base, it does not relieve the Bank of its responsibility to have its own methodologies of determining adequate provisions to protect the credit risk of the portfolio.

 

Standard method of residential mortgage loan provisions

 

In accordance with Circular N° 3,573 issued by the CMF, the Bank began applying the standard method of provisions for residential mortgage loans. According to this method, the expected loss factor applicable to residential mortgage loans will depend on the default of each loan and the relationship between the outstanding principal of each loan and the value of the associated mortgage guarantee (Loans to Value, LTV) at the end of each month.

 

The allowance rates applied according to default and LTV are the following:

 

LTV RangeDefault days at month closing01-2930-5960-89Impaired portfolio

LTV≤40%

 

PNP(%)1.0916