Loading...
Docoh

Franklin Street Properties (FSP)

Filed: 3 Nov 20, 4:45pm

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2020.

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from           to           

Commission File Number: 001-32470

Franklin Street Properties Corp.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Maryland

04-3578653

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

or organization)

401 Edgewater Place, Suite 200

Wakefield, MA 01880

(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)

(781) 557-1300

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

N/A

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class:

    

Trading Symbol

    

Name of each exchange on which registered:

Common Stock, $.0001 par value per share

FSP

NYSE American

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes  No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes  No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large Accelerated Filer

Accelerated Filer

Non-accelerated Filer

Smaller Reporting Company

Emerging Growth Company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes  No

The number of shares of common stock outstanding as of October 30, 2020 was 107,328,199.

Franklin Street Properties Corp.
Form 10-Q

Quarterly Report
September 30, 2020

Table of Contents

    

    

Page

Part I.

Financial Information

Item 1.

Financial Statements

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019

3

Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019

4

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (loss) for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019

5

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019

6

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019

7

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

8-18

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

19

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

37

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

38

Part II.

Other Information

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

39

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

39

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

40

Item 3.

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

40

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

40

Item 5.

Other Information

41

Item 6.

Exhibits

42

Signatures

43

PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.Financial Statements

Franklin Street Properties Corp.

Consolidated Balance Sheets

(Unaudited)

September 30,

December 31,

 

(in thousands, except share and par value amounts)

    

2020

    

2019

 

Assets:

Real estate assets:

Land

 

$

191,578

 

$

191,578

Buildings and improvements

 

1,983,979

 

1,924,664

Fixtures and equipment

 

12,714

 

11,665

 

2,188,271

 

2,127,907

Less accumulated depreciation

 

538,622

 

490,697

Real estate assets, net

 

1,649,649

 

1,637,210

Acquired real estate leases, less accumulated amortization of $60,561 and $60,749, respectively

 

31,011

 

40,704

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

4,840

 

9,790

Tenant rent receivables

 

4,007

 

3,851

Straight-line rent receivable

 

71,033

 

66,881

Prepaid expenses and other assets

 

6,538

 

7,246

Related party mortgage loan receivables

 

21,000

 

21,000

Other assets: derivative asset

 

 

3,022

Office computers and furniture, net of accumulated depreciation of $1,426 and $1,362, respectively

 

178

 

183

Deferred leasing commissions, net of accumulated amortization of $32,547 and $28,114, respectively

 

51,765

 

52,767

Total assets

 

$

1,840,021

 

$

1,842,654

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity:

Liabilities:

Bank note payable

 

$

30,000

 

$

Term loans payable, less unamortized financing costs of $3,137 and $4,267, respectively

 

766,863

 

765,733

Series A & Series B Senior Notes, less unamortized financing costs of $863 and $985, respectively

199,137

199,015

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

69,905

 

66,658

Accrued compensation

 

3,634

 

3,400

Tenant security deposits

 

9,435

 

9,346

Lease liability

1,627

1,890

Other liabilities: derivative liabilities

 

20,157

 

7,704

Acquired unfavorable real estate leases, less accumulated amortization of $4,911 and $4,676, respectively

 

1,798

 

2,512

Total liabilities

 

1,102,556

 

1,056,258

Commitments and contingencies

Stockholders’ Equity:

Preferred stock, $.0001 par value, 20,000,000 shares authorized, NaN issued or outstanding

 

 

Common stock, $.0001 par value, 180,000,000 shares authorized, 107,328,199 and 107,269,201 shares issued and outstanding, respectively

 

11

 

11

Additional paid-in capital

 

1,357,131

 

1,356,794

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

(20,157)

 

(4,682)

Accumulated distributions in excess of accumulated earnings

 

(599,520)

 

(565,727)

Total stockholders’ equity

 

737,465

 

786,396

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

 

$

1,840,021

 

$

1,842,654

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

3

Franklin Street Properties Corp.

Consolidated Statements of Operations

(Unaudited)

For the Three Months Ended September 30,

For the Nine Months Ended September 30,

(in thousands, except per share amounts)

    

2020

    

2019

    

2020

    

2019

    

Revenues:

Rental

$

61,834

$

68,108

$

184,799

$

196,952

Related party revenue:

Management fees and interest income from loans

 

400

 

426

 

1,208

 

3,100

Other

 

13

 

5

 

31

 

16

Total revenues

 

62,247

 

68,539

 

186,038

 

200,068

Expenses:

Real estate operating expenses

 

16,730

 

18,041

 

49,498

 

52,883

Real estate taxes and insurance

 

12,279

 

12,505

 

36,348

 

37,408

Depreciation and amortization

 

22,076

 

22,559

 

66,659

 

67,913

General and administrative

 

3,817

 

3,886

 

11,159

 

11,097

Interest

 

8,953

 

9,036

 

26,996

 

27,775

Total expenses

 

63,855

 

66,027

 

190,660

 

197,076

Income (loss) before taxes

 

(1,608)

 

2,512

 

(4,622)

 

2,992

Tax expense on income

 

71

 

113

 

203

 

165

Net income (loss)

$

(1,679)

$

2,399

$

(4,825)

$

2,827

Weighted average number of shares outstanding, basic and diluted

 

107,328

 

107,231

 

107,295

 

107,231

Net income (loss) per share, basic and diluted

$

(0.02)

$

0.02

$

(0.04)

$

0.03

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

4

Franklin Street Properties Corp.

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss)

(Unaudited)

For the

For the

Three Months Ended

Nine Months Ended

September 30,

September 30,

(in thousands)

    

2020

    

2019

    

2020

    

2019

 

Net income (loss)

$

(1,679)

$

2,399

$

(4,825)

$

2,827

Other comprehensive income (loss):

Unrealized gain (loss) on derivative financial instruments

 

2,801

 

(3,603)

 

(15,475)

 

(21,855)

 

Total other comprehensive income (loss)

 

2,801

 

(3,603)

 

(15,475)

 

(21,855)

Comprehensive income (loss)

$

1,122

$

(1,204)

$

(20,300)

$

(19,028)

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

5

Franklin Street Properties Corp.

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity

(Unaudited)

Accumulated

Distributions

 

Additional

other

in excess of

Total

 

Common Stock

Paid-In

comprehensive

accumulated

Stockholders’

 

(in thousands, except per share amounts)

    

Shares

    

Amount

    

Capital

    

income (loss)

    

earnings

    

Equity

 

 

Balance, December 31, 2018

 

107,231

$

11

$

1,356,457

$

14,765

$

(533,599)

$

837,634

Comprehensive loss

 

 

 

 

(6,791)

 

(1,205)

 

(7,996)

Distributions $0.09 per
share of common stock

 

 

 

 

 

(9,651)

 

(9,651)

Balance, March 31, 2019

 

107,231

$

11

$

1,356,457

$

7,974

$

(544,455)

$

819,987

Comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

 

 

(11,461)

 

1,633

 

(9,828)

Distributions $0.09 per
share of common stock

 

 

 

 

 

(9,651)

 

(9,651)

Balance, June 30, 2019

 

107,231

$

11

$

1,356,457

$

(3,487)

$

(552,473)

$

800,508

Comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

 

 

(3,603)

 

2,399

 

(1,204)

Distributions $0.09 per
share of common stock

 

 

 

 

 

(9,651)

 

(9,651)

Balance, September 30, 2019

 

107,231

$

11

$

1,356,457

$

(7,090)

$

(559,725)

$

789,653

Balance, December 31, 2019

 

107,269

$

11

$

1,356,794

$

(4,682)

$

(565,727)

$

786,396

Comprehensive loss

 

 

 

 

(18,353)

 

(1,071)

 

(19,424)

Distributions $0.09 per
share of common stock

 

 

 

 

 

(9,654)

 

(9,654)

Balance, March 31, 2020

 

107,269

$

11

$

1,356,794

$

(23,035)

$

(576,452)

$

757,318

Comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

 

 

77

 

(2,075)

 

(1,998)

Equity-based compensation

59

337

337

Distributions $0.09 per
share of common stock

 

 

 

 

 

(9,654)

 

(9,654)

Balance, June 30, 2020

 

107,328

$

11

$

1,357,131

$

(22,958)

$

(588,181)

$

746,003

Comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

 

 

2,801

 

(1,679)

 

1,122

Distributions $0.09 per
share of common stock

 

 

 

 

 

(9,660)

 

(9,660)

Balance, September 30, 2020

 

107,328

$

11

$

1,357,131

$

(20,157)

$

(599,520)

$

737,465

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

6

Franklin Street Properties Corp.

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(Unaudited)

For the Nine Months Ended September 30,

(in thousands)

    

2020

    

2019

Cash flows from operating activities:

Net income (loss)

$

(4,825)

$

2,827

Adjustments to reconcile net income or loss to net cash provided by operating activities:

Depreciation and amortization expense

 

68,859

 

70,072

Amortization of above and below market leases

 

(234)

 

(305)

Shares issued as compensation

337

 

Decrease in allowance for doubtful accounts
and write-off of accounts receivable

 

(13)

 

(69)

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

Tenant rent receivables

 

(143)

 

(403)

Straight-line rents

 

(2,636)

 

(6,950)

Lease acquisition costs

 

(1,516)

 

(3,155)

Prepaid expenses and other assets

 

(504)

 

1,261

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

2,527

 

2,849

Accrued compensation

 

234

 

726

Tenant security deposits

 

89

 

2,689

Payment of deferred leasing commissions

 

(6,168)

 

(9,485)

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

56,007

 

60,057

Cash flows from investing activities:

Property improvements, fixtures and equipment

(61,989)

(47,905)

Investment in related party mortgage loan receivable

 

(2,400)

Repayment of related party mortgage loan receivable

 

51,795

Proceeds received from liquidating trust

 

 

1,470

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

 

(61,989)

 

2,960

Cash flows from financing activities:

Distributions to stockholders

 

(28,968)

 

(28,953)

Borrowings under bank note payable

 

85,000

 

45,000

Repayments of bank note payable

 

(55,000)

 

(70,000)

Deferred financing costs

 

 

(82)

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

 

1,032

 

(54,035)

Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

(4,950)

 

8,982

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of year

 

9,790

 

11,177

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period

$

4,840

$

20,159

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:

Cash paid for:

Interest

$

22,716

$

23,710

Taxes

$

475

$

377

Non-cash investing activities:

Accrued costs for purchases of real estate assets

$

11,732

$

6,903

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

7

Franklin Street Properties Corp.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)

1.  Organization, Properties, Basis of Presentation, Financial Instruments and Recent Accounting Standards

Organization

Franklin Street Properties Corp. (“FSP Corp.” or the “Company”) holds, directly and indirectly, 100% of the interest in FSP Investments LLC, FSP Property Management LLC, FSP Holdings LLC and FSP Protective TRS Corp. FSP Property Management LLC provides asset management and property management services. The Company also has a non-controlling common stock interest in 2 corporations organized to operate as real estate investment trusts (“REIT”). Collectively, the 2 REITs are referred to as the “Sponsored REITs”.

As of September 30, 2020, the Company owned and operated a portfolio of real estate consisting of 32 operating properties, 3 redevelopment properties and 2 managed Sponsored REITs and held 1 promissory note secured by a mortgage on real estate owned by a Sponsored REIT. From time-to-time, the Company may acquire real estate or make additional secured loans. The Company may also pursue, on a selective basis, the sale of its properties in order to take advantage of the value creation and demand for its properties, or for geographic or property specific reasons.

Properties

The following table summarizes the Company’s number of operating properties and rentable square feet of real estate. As of September 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019, the Company had 3 redevelopment properties, respectively, which are excluded from the table.

As of September 30,

 

    

2020

    

2019

 

Operating Properties:

Number of properties

 

32

 

32

Rentable square feet

 

9,526,822

 

9,503,964

Basis of Presentation

The unaudited consolidated financial statements of the Company include all of the accounts of the Company and its majority-owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated. These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s consolidated financial statements and notes thereto contained in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for its fiscal year ended December 31, 2019, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

The accompanying interim financial statements are unaudited; however, the financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and in conjunction with the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission. Accordingly, they do not include all of the disclosures required by GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting solely of normal recurring matters) necessary for a fair presentation of the financial statements for these interim periods have been included. Operating results for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2020 or for any other period.

Financial Instruments

As disclosed in Note 4, the Company’s derivatives are recorded at fair value using Level 2 inputs. The Company estimates that the carrying values of cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, receivables, prepaid expenses, accounts payable and accrued expenses, accrued compensation, and tenant security deposits approximate their fair values based on their short-term

8

maturity and the bank note and term loans payable approximate their fair values as they bear interest at variable interest rates or at rates that are at market for similar investments.

Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash

The following table provides a reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash reported within the consolidated balance sheets that sum to the total of the same such amounts shown in the consolidated statement of cash flows.

    

September 30,

    

September 30,

(in thousands)

2020

2019

Cash and cash equivalents

$

4,840

$

20,159

Restricted cash

 

 

Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

$

4,840

$

20,159

Recent Accounting Standards

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments (“ASU 2016-13”), which requires that entities use a new forward looking “expected loss” model that generally will result in the earlier recognition of allowance for credit losses. The measurement of expected credit losses is based upon historical experience, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts that affect the collectability of the reported amount. ASU 2016-13 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company’s Sponsored REIT Loan (as defined in Note 2 below) receivables are within the scope of this standard and our analysis was completed using a Probability of Default / Loss Given Default Model. The Company’s receivables associated with its real estate operating leases are not within the scope of this standard. The Company adopted this standard on January 1, 2020. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework - Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement (“ASU 2018-13”). The ASU is intended to improve the effectiveness of fair value measurement disclosures. ASU 2018-13 is effective for all entities for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2019, and interim periods within those fiscal years. This ASU amends existing fair value measurement disclosure requirements by adding, changing, or removing certain disclosures. The Company adopted this standard on January 1, 2020. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

In April 2019, the FASB issued ASU No. 2019-04, Codification Improvements to Topics 326, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses, Topic 815 Derivatives and Hedging and Topic 825, Financial Instruments (“ASU 2019-04”). The ASU clarifies areas of guidance related to the recently issued standards on credit losses (Topic 326), derivatives and hedging (Topic 815), and recognition and measurement of financial instruments (Topic 825). The Company adopted this standard on January 1, 2020. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting (“ASU 2020-04”). The ASU contains practical expedients for reference rate reform related activities that impact debt, leases, derivatives and other contracts. The guidance in ASU 2020-04 is optional and may be elected over time as reference rate reform activities occur. The Company is currently assessing the potential impact that the adoption of ASU 2020-04 may have on its consolidated financial statements.

2.  Related Party Transactions and Investments in Non-Consolidated Entities

Investment in Sponsored REITs:

At each of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Company held a non-controlling common stock interest in 2 Sponsored REITs in which the Company no longer shares in economic benefit or risk.

9

Management fees and interest income from loans:

Asset management fees range from 1% to 5% of collected rents and the applicable contracts are cancellable with 30 days notice. Asset management fee income from non-consolidated entities amounted to approximately $59,000 and $152,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

From time to time the Company may make secured loans (“Sponsored REIT Loans”) to Sponsored REITs in the form of mortgage loans or revolving lines of credit to fund construction costs, capital expenditures, leasing costs and for other purposes. The Company reviews the need for an allowance under CECL for Sponsored REIT Loans each reporting period. The Company regularly evaluates the extent and impact of any credit deterioration that could affect performance and the value of the secured property, as well as the financial and operating capability of the borrower. A property’s operating results and existing cash balances are considered and used to assess whether cash flows from operations are sufficient to cover the current and future operating and debt service requirements. The Company also evaluates the borrower’s competency in managing and operating the secured property and considers the overall economic environment, real estate sector and geographic sub-market in which the secured property is located. The Company applies normal loan review and underwriting procedures (as may be implemented or modified from time to time) in making that judgment. The Company has evaluated the credit loss using a loss probability, loss given default model and determined that the expected credit loss on the Sponsored REIT Loan is immaterial.

The Company anticipates that each Sponsored REIT Loan will be repaid at maturity or earlier from refinancing, long term financings of the underlying properties, cash flows from the underlying properties or some other capital event. Each Sponsored REIT Loan is secured by a mortgage on the underlying property and has a term of approximately one to three years. The mortgage loan bears interest at a fixed rate.

The following is a summary of the Sponsored REIT Loans outstanding as of September 30, 2020:

    

    

    

    

    

Maximum

    

Amount

Interest

 

(dollars in thousands, except footnotes)

    

Maturity

Amount

Outstanding

Rate at

 

Sponsored REIT

    

Location

Date

of Loan

30-Sep-20

30-Sep-20

 

 

Mortgage loan secured by property

FSP Monument Circle LLC (1)

Indianapolis, IN

6-Dec-20

21,000

21,000

7.19

%

$

21,000

$

21,000

(1)The interest rate is a fixed rate and this mortgage loan includes an origination fee of $164,000 and an exit fee of $38,000 when repaid by the borrower.

The Company recognized interest income and fees from the Sponsored REIT Loans of approximately $1,149,000 and $2,948,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

3.  Bank Note Payable, Term Loans Payable and Senior Notes

JPM Term Loan

On August 2, 2018, the Company entered into an Amended and Restated Credit Agreement with JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as administrative agent and lender (“JPMorgan”), and the other lending institutions party thereto (the “JPM Credit Agreement”), which provides a single unsecured bridge loan in the aggregate principal amount of $150 million (the “JPM Term Loan”) that remains fully advanced and outstanding. The JPM Term Loan matures on November 30, 2021. The Company has the right to extend the maturity date of the JPM Term Loan by 2 additional six month periods, or until November 30, 2022, upon payment of a fee and satisfaction of certain customary conditions. The JPM Term Loan was

10

previously evidenced by a Credit Agreement, dated November 30, 2016, among the Company, JPMorgan, as administrative agent and lender, and the other lending institutions party thereto, as amended by a First Amendment, dated October 18, 2017.

The JPM Term Loan bears interest at either (i) a number of basis points over a LIBOR-based rate depending on the Company’s credit rating (125.0 basis points over the LIBOR-based rate at September 30, 2020) or (ii) a number of basis points over the base rate depending on the Company’s credit rating (25.0 basis points over the base rate at September 30, 2020).

Although the interest rate on the JPM Term Loan is variable under the JPM Credit Agreement, the Company fixed the LIBOR-based rate on a portion of the JPM Term Loan by entering into interest rate swap transactions. On March 7, 2019, the Company entered into ISDA Master Agreements with various financial institutions to hedge a $100 million portion of the future LIBOR-based rate risk under the JPM Credit Agreement. Effective March 29, 2019, the Company fixed the LIBOR-based rate at 2.44% per annum on a $100 million portion of the JPM Term Loan until November 30, 2021. Accordingly, based upon the Company’s credit rating, as of September 30, 2020, the effective interest rate on a $100 million portion of the JPM Term Loan was 3.69% per annum.

Based upon the Company’s credit rating, as of September 30, 2020, the effective interest rate on the unhedged $50 million portion of the JPM Term Loan was 1.44% per annum. The weighted average interest rate on the unhedged $50 million portion of the JPM Term Loan during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 was approximately 2.05% per annum. The weighted average interest rate on the JPM Term Loan during the year ended December 31, 2019 was approximately 3.54% per annum.

The JPM Credit Agreement contains customary affirmative and negative covenants for credit facilities of this type, including limitations with respect to indebtedness, liens, investments, mergers and acquisitions, disposition of assets, changes in business, certain restricted payments, the requirement to have subsidiaries provide a guaranty in the event that they incur recourse indebtedness and transactions with affiliates. The JPM Credit Agreement also contains financial covenants that require the Company to maintain a minimum tangible net worth, a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio, a maximum secured leverage ratio, a maximum leverage ratio, a maximum unencumbered leverage ratio, and minimum unsecured interest coverage. The JPM Credit Agreement provides for customary events of default with corresponding grace periods, including failure to pay any principal or interest when due, certain cross defaults and a change in control of the Company (as defined in the JPM Credit Agreement). In the event of a default by the Company, the administrative agent may, and at the request of the requisite number of lenders shall, declare all obligations under the JPM Credit Agreement immediately due and payable, and enforce any and all rights of the lenders or administrative agent under the JPM Credit Agreement and related documents. For certain events of default related to bankruptcy, insolvency, and receivership, all outstanding obligations of the Company will become immediately due and payable. The Company was in compliance with the JPM Term Loan financial covenants as of September 30, 2020.

BMO Term Loan

On September 27, 2018, the Company entered into a Second Amended and Restated Credit Agreement with the lending institutions party thereto and Bank of Montreal (“BMO”), as administrative agent (the “BMO Credit Agreement”). The BMO Credit Agreement provides for a single, unsecured term loan borrowing in the amount of $220 million (the “BMO Term Loan”) that remains fully advanced and outstanding. The BMO Term Loan consists of a $55 million tranche A term loan and a $165 million tranche B term loan. The tranche A term loan matures on November 30, 2021 and the tranche B term loan matures on January 31, 2024. The BMO Credit Agreement also includes an accordion feature that allows up to $100 million of additional loans, subject to receipt of lender commitments and satisfaction of certain customary conditions. The BMO Term Loan was previously evidenced by an Amended and Restated Credit Agreement, dated October 29, 2014, among the Company, BMO, as administrative agent and lender, and the other lending institutions party thereto, as amended by a First Amendment, dated July 21, 2016, and a Second Amendment, dated October 18, 2017.

The BMO Term Loan bears interest at either (i) a number of basis points over LIBOR depending on the Company’s credit rating (125 basis points over LIBOR at September 30, 2020) or (ii) a number of basis points over the base rate depending on the Company’s credit rating (25 basis points over the base rate at September 30, 2020).

11

Although the interest rate on the BMO Term Loan is variable under the BMO Credit Agreement, the Company fixed the base LIBOR interest rate by entering into interest rate swap transactions. On August 26, 2013, the Company entered into an ISDA Master Agreement with Bank of Montreal that fixed the base LIBOR interest rate on the BMO Term Loan at 2.32% per annum, which expired on August 26, 2020. On February 20, 2019, the Company entered into ISDA Master Agreements with a group of banks that fixed the base LIBOR interest rate on the BMO Term Loan at 2.39% per annum for the period beginning on August 26, 2020 and ending January 31, 2024. Accordingly, based upon the Company’s credit rating, as of September 30, 2020, the effective interest rate on the BMO Term Loan was 3.64% per annum.

The BMO Credit Agreement contains customary affirmative and negative covenants for credit facilities of this type, including limitations with respect to indebtedness, liens, investments, mergers and acquisitions, disposition of assets, changes in business, certain restricted payments, the requirement to have subsidiaries provide a guaranty in the event that they incur recourse indebtedness and transactions with affiliates. The BMO Credit Agreement also contains financial covenants that require the Company to maintain a minimum tangible net worth, a maximum leverage ratio, a maximum secured leverage ratio, a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio, a maximum unencumbered leverage ratio, and minimum unsecured interest coverage. The BMO Credit Agreement provides for customary events of default with corresponding grace periods, including failure to pay any principal or interest when due, certain cross defaults and a change in control of the Company (as defined in the BMO Credit Agreement). In the event of a default by the Company, the administrative agent may, and at the request of the requisite number of lenders shall, declare all obligations under the BMO Credit Agreement immediately due and payable, terminate the lenders’ commitments to make loans under the BMO Credit Agreement, and enforce any and all rights of the lenders or the administrative agent under the BMO Credit Agreement and related documents. For certain events of default related to bankruptcy, insolvency, and receivership, the commitments of lenders will be automatically terminated and all outstanding obligations of the Company will become immediately due and payable. The Company was in compliance with the BMO Term Loan financial covenants as of September 30, 2020.

BAML Credit Facility

On July 21, 2016, the Company entered into a First Amendment (the “BAML First Amendment”), and on October 18, 2017, the Company entered into a Second Amendment (the “BAML Second Amendment”), to the Second Amended and Restated Credit Agreement dated October 29, 2014 among the Company, the lending institutions party thereto and Bank of America, N.A., as administrative agent, L/C Issuer and Swing Line Lender (as amended by the BAML First Amendment and the BAML Second Amendment, the “BAML Credit Facility”) that continued an existing unsecured revolving line of credit (the “BAML Revolver”) and extended the maturity of an existing term loan (the “BAML Term Loan”).

BAML Revolver Highlights

The BAML Revolver is for borrowings, at the Company's election, of up to $600 million. Borrowings made pursuant to the BAML Revolver may be revolving loans, swing line loans or letters of credit, the combined sum of which may not exceed $600 million outstanding at any time.
Borrowings made pursuant to the BAML Revolver may be borrowed, repaid and reborrowed from time to time until the initial maturity date of January 12, 2022. The Company has the right to extend the maturity date of the BAML Revolver by 2 additional six month periods, or until January 12, 2023, upon payment of a fee and satisfaction of certain customary conditions.
The BAML Credit Facility includes an accordion feature that allows for an aggregate amount of up to $500 million of additional borrowing capacity applicable to the BAML Revolver and/or the BAML Term Loan, subject to receipt of lender commitments and satisfaction of certain customary conditions.

As of September 30, 2020, there were $30 million of borrowings outstanding under the BAML Revolver. The BAML Revolver bears interest at either (i) a margin over LIBOR depending on the Company’s credit rating (1.20% over LIBOR at September 30, 2020) or (ii) a margin over the base rate depending on the Company’s credit rating (0.20% over the base rate at September 30, 2020). The BAML Credit Facility also obligates the Company to pay an annual facility fee in an amount that is also based on the Company’s credit rating. The facility fee is assessed against the total amount of the BAML Revolver, or $600 million (0.25% at September 30, 2020).

12

Based upon the Company’s credit rating, as of September 30, 2020, the interest rate on the BAML Revolver was 1.35% per annum. The weighted average interest rate on all amounts outstanding on the BAML Revolver during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 was approximately 1.76% per annum. As of December 31, 2019, there were 0 borrowings outstanding under the BAML Revolver. The weighted average interest rate on all amounts outstanding on the BAML Revolver during the year ended December 31, 2019 was approximately 3.67% per annum.

BAML Term Loan Highlights

The BAML Term Loan is for $400 million.
The BAML Term Loan matures on January 12, 2023.
The BAML Credit Facility includes an accordion feature that allows for an aggregate amount of up to $500 million of additional borrowing capacity applicable to the BAML Revolver and/or the BAML Term Loan, subject to receipt of lender commitments and satisfaction of certain customary conditions.
On September 27, 2012, the Company drew down the entire $400 million under the BAML Term Loan and such amount remains fully advanced and outstanding under the BAML Term Loan.

The BAML Term Loan bears interest at either (i) a margin over LIBOR depending on the Company’s credit rating (1.35% over LIBOR at September 30, 2020) or (ii) a margin over the base rate depending on the Company’s credit rating (0.35% over the base rate at September 30, 2020).

Although the interest rate on the BAML Credit Facility is variable, the Company fixed the base LIBOR interest rate on the BAML Term Loan by entering into interest rate swap transactions. On July 22, 2016, the Company entered into ISDA Master Agreements with a group of banks that fixed the base LIBOR interest rate on the BAML Term Loan at 1.12% per annum for the period beginning on September 27, 2017 and ending on September 27, 2021. Accordingly, based upon the Company’s credit rating, as of September 30, 2020, the effective interest rate on the BAML Term Loan was 2.47% per annum.

BAML Credit Facility General Information

The BAML Credit Facility contains customary affirmative and negative covenants for credit facilities of this type, including limitations with respect to indebtedness, liens, investments, mergers and acquisitions, disposition of assets, changes in business, certain restricted payments, the requirement to have subsidiaries provide a guaranty in the event that they incur recourse indebtedness and transactions with affiliates. The BAML Credit Facility also contains financial covenants that require the Company to maintain a minimum tangible net worth, a maximum leverage ratio, a maximum secured leverage ratio, a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio, a maximum unencumbered leverage ratio, and minimum unsecured interest coverage. The BAML Credit Facility provides for customary events of default with corresponding grace periods, including failure to pay any principal or interest when due, certain cross defaults and a change in control of the Company (as defined in the BAML Credit Facility). In the event of a default by the Company, the administrative agent may, and at the request of the requisite number of lenders shall, declare all obligations under the BAML Credit Facility immediately due and payable, terminate the lenders’ commitments to make loans under the BAML Credit Facility, and enforce any and all rights of the lenders or administrative agent under the BAML Credit Facility and related documents. For certain events of default related to bankruptcy, insolvency, and receivership, the commitments of lenders will be automatically terminated and all outstanding obligations of the Company will become immediately due and payable. The Company was in compliance with the BAML Credit Facility financial covenants as of September 30, 2020.

The Company may use the proceeds of the loans under the BAML Credit Facility to finance the acquisition of real properties and for other permitted investments; to finance investments associated with Sponsored REITs to refinance or retire indebtedness and for working capital and other general business purposes, in each case to the extent permitted under the BAML Credit Facility.

13

Senior Notes

On October 24, 2017, the Company entered into a note purchase agreement (the “Note Purchase Agreement”) with the various purchasers named therein (the “Purchasers”) in connection with a private placement of senior unsecured notes. Under the Note Purchase Agreement, the Company agreed to sell to the Purchasers an aggregate principal amount of $200 million of senior unsecured notes consisting of (i) 3.99% Series A Senior Notes due December 20, 2024 in an aggregate principal amount of $116 million (the “Series A Notes”) and (ii) 4.26% Series B Senior Notes due December 20, 2027 in an aggregate principal amount of $84 million (the “Series B Notes” and, together with the Series A Notes, the “Senior Notes”). On December 20, 2017, the Senior Notes were funded and the proceeds were used to reduce the outstanding balance of the BAML Revolver.

The Note Purchase Agreement contains customary financial covenants, including a maximum leverage ratio, a maximum secured leverage ratio, a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio, and a maximum unencumbered leverage ratio. The Note Purchase Agreement also contains restrictive covenants that, among other things, restrict the ability of the Company and its subsidiaries to enter into transactions with affiliates, merge, consolidate, create liens, make certain restricted payments, enter into certain agreements or prepay certain indebtedness. Such financial and restrictive covenants are substantially similar to the corresponding covenants contained in the BAML Credit Facility, the BMO Credit Agreement and the JPM Credit Agreement. The Senior Notes financial covenants require, among other things, the maintenance of a fixed charge coverage ratio of at least 1.50; a maximum leverage ratio and an unsecured leverage ratio of no more than 60% (65% if there were a significant acquisition for a short period of time). In addition, the Note Purchase Agreement provides that the Note Purchase Agreement will automatically incorporate additional financial and other specified covenants (such as limitations on investments and distributions) that are effective from time to time under the existing credit agreements, other material indebtedness or certain other private placements of debt of the Company and its subsidiaries. The Note Purchase Agreement contains customary events of default, including payment defaults, cross defaults with certain other indebtedness, breaches of covenants and bankruptcy events. In the case of an event of default, the Purchasers may, among other remedies, accelerate the payment of all obligations. The Company was in compliance with the Senior Notes financial covenants as of September 30, 2020.

4.  Financial Instruments: Derivatives and Hedging

On July 22, 2016, the Company fixed the interest rate for the period beginning on September 27, 2017 and ending on September 27, 2021 on the BAML Term Loan (the “2017 Interest Rate Swap”). On March 7, 2019, the Company fixed the interest rate for the period beginning on March 29, 2019 and ending on November 30, 2021 on a $100 million portion of the JPM Term Loan (the “2019 JPM Interest Rate Swap”). On February 20, 2019, the Company fixed the interest rate for the period beginning August 26, 2020 and ending January 31, 2024 on the BMO Term Loan (the “2019 BMO Interest Rate Swap”). The variable rates that were fixed under the 2017 Interest Rate Swap, the 2019 JPM Interest Rate Swap and the 2019 BMO Interest Rate Swap (collectively referred to as the “Interest Rate Swaps”) are described in Note 3.

The Interest Rate Swaps qualify as cash flow hedges and have been recognized on the consolidated balance sheets at fair value. If a derivative qualifies as a hedge, depending on the nature of the hedge, changes in the fair value of the derivative will either be offset against the change in fair value of the hedged asset, liability, or firm commitment through earnings, or recognized in other comprehensive income until the hedged item is recognized in earnings. The ineffective portion of a derivative’s change in fair value will be recognized in earnings in the same period in which the hedged interest payments affect earnings, which may increase or decrease reported net income and stockholders’ equity prospectively, depending on future levels of interest rates and other variables affecting the fair values of derivative instruments and hedged items, but will have no effect on cash flows.

14

The following table summarizes the notional and fair value of the Company’s derivative financial instruments at September 30, 2020. The notional value is an indication of the extent of the Company’s involvement in these instruments at that time, but does not represent exposure to credit, interest rate or market risks.

    

Notional

    

Strike

  

Effective

    

Expiration

    

Fair

 

(in thousands)

Value

Rate

Date

Date

Value

 

 

2017 Interest Rate Swap

$

400,000

 

1.12

%  

Sep-17

 

Sep-21

$

(3,886)

2019 JPM Interest Rate Swap

$

100,000

 

2.44

%  

Mar-19

 

Nov-21

$

(2,638)

2019 BMO Interest Rate Swap (1)

$

220,000

 

2.39

%  

Aug-20

 

Jan-24

$

(13,633)

(1) The Notional Value will decrease to $165 million on November 30, 2021.

On September 30, 2020, the 2017 Interest Rate Swap, 2019 JPM Interest Rate Swap and 2019 BMO Interest Rate Swap were reported as liabilities with an aggregate fair value of approximately $20.2 million and are included in other liabilities: derivative liabilities in the consolidated balance sheet at September 30, 2020.

The gain/(loss) on the Company’s Interest Rate Swaps that was recorded in other comprehensive income (loss) (OCI) and the accompanying consolidated statements of operations as a component of interest expense for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, was as follows:

(in thousands)

Nine Months Ended September 30,

Interest Rate Swaps in Cash Flow Hedging Relationships:

    

2020

    

2019

    

Amounts of loss recognized in OCI

$

(20,400)

$

(17,852)

Amounts of previously recorded gain/(loss) reclassified from OCI into Interest Expense

$

(4,925)

$

4,003

Total amount of Interest Expense presented in the consolidated statements of operations

$

26,996

$

27,775

Over time, the unrealized gains and losses held in accumulated other comprehensive income will be reclassified into earnings as an increase or reduction to interest expense in the same periods in which the hedged interest payments affect earnings. The Company estimates that approximately $10.3 million of the current balance held in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) will be reclassified into earnings within the next 12 months.

The Company is hedging the exposure to variability in anticipated future interest payments on existing debt.

The BMO Term Loan, BAML Term Loan and JPM Term Loan hedging transactions used derivative instruments that involve certain additional risks such as counterparty credit risk, the enforceability of hedging contracts and the risk that unanticipated and significant changes in interest rates will cause a significant loss of basis in either or both of the contracts. The Company requires its derivatives contracts to be with counterparties that have investment grade ratings. As a result, the Company does not anticipate that any counterparty will fail to meet its obligations. However, there can be no assurance that the Company will be able to adequately protect against the foregoing risks or that it will ultimately realize an economic benefit that exceeds the related amounts incurred in connection with engaging in such hedging strategies.

The fair value of the Company’s derivative instruments are determined using the net discounted cash flows of the expected cash flows of the derivative based on the market based interest rate curve and are adjusted to reflect credit or nonperformance risk. The risk is estimated by the Company using credit spreads and risk premiums that are observable in the market. These financial instruments were classified within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy and were classified as an asset or liability on the consolidated balance sheets.

15

The Company’s derivatives are recorded at fair value in other assets: derivative asset and other liabilities: derivative liability in the consolidated balance sheets and the effective portion of the derivatives’ fair value is recorded to other comprehensive income (loss) in the consolidated statements of comprehensive income (loss).

5.  Net Income Per Share

Basic net income per share is computed by dividing net income by the weighted average number of Company shares outstanding during the period. Diluted net income per share reflects the potential dilution that could occur if securities or other contracts to issue shares were exercised or converted into shares. There were 0 potential dilutive shares outstanding at each of September 30, 2020 and 2019.

6.  Stockholders’ Equity

As of September 30, 2020, the Company had 107,328,199 shares of common stock outstanding. The Company declared and paid dividends as follows (in thousands, except per share amounts):

Dividends Per

Total

 

Quarter Paid

    

Share

    

Dividends

 

First quarter of 2020

 

$

0.09

 

$

9,654

Second quarter of 2020

 

$

0.09

 

$

9,654

Third quarter of 2020

 

$

0.09

 

$

9,660

First quarter of 2019

 

$

0.09

 

$

9,651

Second quarter of 2019

 

$

0.09

 

$

9,651

Third quarter of 2019

 

$

0.09

 

$

9,651

Equity-Based Compensation

On May 20, 2002, the stockholders of the Company approved the 2002 Stock Incentive Plan (the “Plan”). The Plan is an equity-based incentive compensation plan, and provides for the grants of up to a maximum of 2,000,000 shares of the Company’s common stock (“Awards”). All of the Company’s employees, officers, directors, consultants and advisors are eligible to be granted Awards. Awards under the Plan are made at the discretion of the Company’s Board of Directors, and have 0 vesting requirements. Upon granting an Award, the Company will recognize compensation cost equal to the fair value of the Company’s common stock, as determined by the Company’s Board of Directors, on the date of the grant. The Company granted 55,572 shares under the Plan between 2002 and 2005, made 0 grants between 2006 and 2018 and granted 38,046 shares under the Plan in 2019.

On June 4, 2020, the Company granted 58,998 shares under the Plan to non-employee directors at a compensation cost of approximately $337,000, which was recognized during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and is included in general and administrative expenses. Such shares were fully vested on the date of issuance. There are currently 1,847,384 shares available for grant under the Plan.

    

Shares Available

Compensation

(in thousands)

for Grant

Cost

Balance, December 31, 2016, 2017 and 2018

1,944,428

Shares granted 2019

(38,046)

$

337,000

Balance December 31, 2019

1,906,382

337,000

Shares granted 2020

(58,998)

337,000

Balance September 30, 2020

1,847,384

$

674,000

16

7.  Income Taxes

General

The Company has elected to be taxed as a REIT under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”). As a REIT, the Company generally is entitled to a tax deduction for distributions paid to its shareholders, thereby effectively subjecting the distributed net income of the Company to taxation at the shareholder level only. The Company must comply with a variety of restrictions to maintain its status as a REIT. These restrictions include the type of income it can earn, the type of assets it can hold, the number of shareholders it can have and the concentration of their ownership, and the amount of the Company’s taxable income that must be distributed annually.

One such restriction is that the Company generally cannot own more than 10% of the voting power or value of the securities of any one issuer unless the issuer is itself a REIT or a taxable REIT subsidiary (“TRS”). In the case of TRSs, the Company’s ownership of securities in all TRSs generally cannot exceed 20% (25% of taxable years beginning on or before December 31, 2017) of the value of all of the Company’s assets and, when considered together with other non-real estate assets, cannot exceed 25% of the value of all of the Company’s assets. FSP Investments LLC and FSP Protective TRS Corp. are the Company’s taxable REIT subsidiaries operating as taxable corporations under the Code. The TRSs have gross amounts of net operating losses (“NOLs”) available to those taxable corporations of $4.4 million, $4.2 million and $4.0 million as of each of December 31, 2019, 2018 and 2017, respectively. The NOLs created prior to 2018 will expire between 2030 and 2047 and the NOLs generated after 2017 will not expire. A valuation allowance is provided for the full amount of the NOLs as the realization of any tax benefits from such NOLs is not assured.

Income taxes are recorded based on the future tax effects of the difference between the tax and financial reporting bases of the Company’s assets and liabilities. In estimating future tax consequences, potential future events are considered except for potential changes in income tax law or in rates.

The Company adopted an accounting pronouncement related to uncertainty in income taxes effective January 1, 2007, which did not result in recording a liability, nor was any accrued interest and penalties recognized with the adoption. Accrued interest and penalties will be recorded as income tax expense, if the Company records a liability in the future. The Company’s effective tax rate was not affected by the adoption. The Company and one or more of its subsidiaries files income tax returns in the U.S. federal jurisdiction and various state jurisdictions. The statute of limitations for the Company’s income tax returns is generally three years and as such, the Company’s returns that remain subject to examination would be primarily from 2016 and thereafter.

Net operating losses

Section 382 of the Code restricts a corporation’s ability to use NOLs to offset future taxable income following certain “ownership changes.” Such ownership changes occurred with past mergers and accordingly a portion of the NOLs incurred by the Sponsored REITs available for use by the Company in any particular future taxable year will be limited. To the extent that the Company does not utilize the full amount of the annual NOLs limit, the unused amount may be carried forward to offset taxable income in future years. NOLs generated prior to December 31, 2018 will expire 20 years after the year in which they arise, and the last of the Company’s NOLs will expire in 2027. A valuation allowance is provided for the full amount of the NOLs as the realization of any tax benefits from such NOLs is not assured. The gross amount of NOLs available to the Company was $13.0 million as of each of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

Income Tax Expense

The Company is subject to a business tax known as the Revised Texas Franchise Tax. Some of the Company’s leases allow reimbursement by tenants for these amounts because the Revised Texas Franchise Tax replaces a portion of the property tax for school districts. Because the tax base on the Revised Texas Franchise Tax is derived from an income based measure, it is considered an income tax. The Company recorded a provision for the Revised Texas Franchise Tax of $203,000 and $277,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

17

The income tax expense reflected in the consolidated statements of operations relates primarily to a franchise tax on the Company’s Texas properties. FSP Protective TRS Corp. provides taxable services to tenants at some of the Company’s properties, and the tax expenses associated with these activities and a refund receivable of $0.1 million recorded during the nine months ended September 30, 2019 are reported as Other Taxes in the table below:

For the Nine Months Ended September 30,

 

(Dollars in thousands)

    

2020

    

2019

 

 

Revised Texas Franchise Tax

$

203

$

277

Other Taxes

 

 

(112)

Tax expense

$

203

$

165

Taxes on income are a current tax expense. NaN deferred income taxes were provided as there were no material temporary differences between the financial reporting basis and the tax basis of the TRSs.

8.  Leases

Leases as a Lessor:

The Company is a lessor of commercial real estate with operations that include the leasing of office and industrial properties. Many of the leases with customers contain options to extend leases at a fair market rate and may also include options to terminate leases. The Company considers several inputs when evaluating the amount it expects to derive from its leased assets at the end of the lease terms, such as the remaining useful life, expected market conditions, fair value of lease payments, expected fair values of underlying assets, and expected deployment of the underlying assets. The Company’s strategy to address its risk for the residual value in its commercial real estate is to re-lease the commercial space.

The Company has elected to apply the practical expedient to not separate non-lease components from the related lease component of real estate leases. This combined component is primarily comprised of fixed lease payments, early termination fees, common area maintenance cost reimbursements, and parking lease payments. The Company applies ASC 842-Leases to the combined lease and non-lease components.

A minority of the Company’s leases are subject to annual changes in the Consumer Price Index (“CPI”). Although increases in the CPI are not estimated as part of the Company’s measurement of straight-line rent revenue, to the extent that the actual CPI is greater or less than the CPI at lease commencement, there could be changes to realized income or loss.

For the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, the Company recognized the following amounts of income relating to lease payments:

Income relating to lease payments:

Nine Months Ended

(in thousands)

    

September 30, 2020

    

September 30, 2019

Income from leases (1)

$

181,929

$

189,698

$

181,929

$

189,698

(1) Amounts recognized from variable lease payments were variable lease payments $45,281 and $48,259 for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

9.  Subsequent Events

On October 9, 2020, the Board of Directors of the Company declared a cash distribution of $0.09 per share of common stock payable on November 12, 2020 to stockholders of record on October 23, 2020.

18

Item 2.  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto appearing elsewhere in this report and in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019. Historical results and percentage relationships set forth in the consolidated financial statements, including trends which might appear, should not be taken as necessarily indicative of future operations. The following discussion and other parts of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q may also contain forward-looking statements based on current judgments and current knowledge of management, which are subject to certain risks, trends and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those indicated in such forward-looking statements. Accordingly, readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements. Investors are cautioned that our forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainty, including without limitation, adverse changes in general economic or local market conditions, including as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and other potential infectious disease outbreaks and terrorist attacks or other acts of violence, which may negatively affect the markets in which we and our tenants operate, adverse changes in energy prices, which if sustained, could negatively impact occupancy and rental rates in the markets in which we own properties, including energy-influenced markets such as Dallas, Denver and Houston, changes in interest rates as a result of economic market conditions or a downgrade in our credit rating, disruptions in the debt markets, economic conditions in the markets in which we own properties, risks of a lessening of demand for the types of real estate owned by us, uncertainties relating to fiscal policy, changes in government regulations and regulatory uncertainty, changes in energy prices, geopolitical events, and expenditures that cannot be anticipated such as utility rate and usage increases, delays in construction schedules, unanticipated increases in construction costs, unanticipated repairs, additional staffing, insurance increases and real estate tax valuation reassessments. See Part I, Item 1A. “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 and Part II, Item 1A. “Risk Factors” below. Although we believe the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements. We may not update any of the forward-looking statements after the date this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q is filed to conform them to actual results or to changes in our expectations that occur after such date, other than as required by law.

Overview

FSP Corp., or we or the Company, operates in a single reportable segment: real estate operations. The real estate operations market involves real estate rental operations, leasing, secured financing of real estate and services provided for asset management, property management, property acquisitions, dispositions and development. Our current strategy is to invest in infill and central business district office properties in the United States sunbelt and mountain west regions, as well as select opportunistic markets. We believe that the United States sunbelt and mountain west regions have macro-economic drivers that have the potential to increase occupancies and rents. We seek value-oriented investments with an eye towards long-term growth and appreciation, as well as current income.

As of September 30, 2020, approximately 7.8 million square feet, or approximately 78% of our total owned portfolio, was located in Atlanta, Dallas, Denver, Houston and Minneapolis. From time-to-time we may dispose of our smaller, suburban office assets and replace them with larger infill and central business district office assets. As we execute this strategy, short term operating results could be adversely impacted. However, we believe that the transformed portfolio has the potential to provide higher profit and asset value growth over a longer period of time.

The main factor that affects our real estate operations is the broad economic market conditions in the United States. These market conditions affect the occupancy levels and the rent levels on both a national and local level. We have no influence on broader economic/market conditions. We look to acquire and/or develop quality properties in good locations in order to lessen the impact of downturns in the market and to take advantage of upturns when they occur.

Trends and Uncertainties

COVID-19 Outbreak

Beginning in January 2020, there was a global outbreak of COVID-19, which continues to adversely impact global commercial activity and has contributed to significant volatility in financial markets. It has already disrupted global travel

19

and supply chains, adversely impacted global commercial activity, and its long-term economic impact remains uncertain. Considerable uncertainty still surrounds the COVID-19 pandemic and its potential effects on the population, as well as the effectiveness of any responses taken on a national and local level by government authorities and businesses. The travel restrictions, limits on hours of operations and/or closures of various businesses and other efforts to curb the spread of COVID-19 have significantly disrupted business activity globally, including in the markets where we own properties, and we expect them to have an adverse impact on our business. Many of our tenants are subject to various quarantine restrictions, and the restrictions could be in place for an extended period of time. The pandemic has had an adverse impact on economic and market conditions and triggered a global economic slowdown. The reduction in economic activity worldwide has had a significant negative effect on energy prices, which, if sustained, could have an adverse impact on occupancy and rental rates in energy-influenced markets such as Dallas, Denver and Houston, where we have a significant concentration of properties. However, the evolving nature of the pandemic makes it difficult to ascertain the long-term impact it will have on commercial real estate markets and our business. Nevertheless, the COVID-19 pandemic presents material uncertainty and risk with respect to the performance of our properties and our financial results, such as the potential negative impact to leasing efforts and occupancy at our properties, the potential closure of certain of our assets for an extended period, uncertainty regarding future rent collection levels or requests for rent concessions from our tenants, the occurrence of a default under any of our debt agreements, the potential for increased borrowing costs, a potential downgrade in our credit rating that could lead to increased borrowing costs or reduce our access to funding sources in credit and capital markets, our ability to refinance existing indebtedness or to secure new sources of capital on favorable terms, fluctuations in our level of dividends, increased costs of operations, our ability to complete required capital expenditures in a timely manner and on budget, decrease in values of our real estate assets, changes in law and/or regulation, and uncertainty regarding government and regulatory policy. We are unable to estimate the impact the COVID-19 pandemic will have on our future financial results at this time. See also Part I, Item 1A. “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 and Part II, Item 1A. “Risk Factors” below.

We have been following and directing our vendors to follow the guidelines from the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and other applicable authorities to minimize the spread of COVID-19 among our employees, tenants, vendors and visitors, as well as at our properties. We have implemented working from home policies for our employees. During the three months ended September 30, 2020 and as of November 3, 2020, all of our properties remained open for business. Although some of our tenants have requested rent concessions, and more tenants may request rent concessions or may not pay rent in the future, as of October 31, 2020, we had collected approximately 98% of rental receipts due in October 2020. Future rent concession requests or nonpayment of rent could lead to increased rent delinquencies and/or defaults under leases, a lower demand for rentable space leading to increased concessions or lower occupancy, extended lease terms, increased tenant improvement capital expenditures, or reduced rental rates to maintain occupancies. We review each rent concession request on a case by case basis and may or may not provide rent concessions, depending on the specific circumstances involved. Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash were $4.8 million as of September 30, 2020. Management believes that existing cash, cash anticipated to be generated internally by operations and our existing availability under the BAML Revolver ($570 million as of September 30, 2020) will be sufficient to meet working capital requirements and anticipated capital expenditures for at least the next 12 months. Although there is no guarantee that we will be able to obtain the funds necessary for our future growth, we anticipate generating funds from continuing real estate operations. We believe that we have adequate funds to cover unusual expenses and capital improvements, in addition to normal operating expenses. Our ability to maintain or increase our level of dividends to stockholders, however, depends in significant part upon the level of rental income from our real estate properties.

Economic Conditions

The economy in the United States is currently in an economic downturn with recessionary concerns as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. Economic conditions directly affect the demand for office space, our primary income producing asset. The broad economic market conditions in the United States are typically affected by numerous factors, including but not limited to, inflation and employment levels, energy prices, the pace of economic growth and/or recessionary concerns, uncertainty about government fiscal, monetary, trade and tax policies, changes in currency exchange rates, geopolitical events, the regulatory environment, the availability of credit, and interest rates. As of the date of this report, the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and related fallout from containment and mitigation measures, such as work from home arrangements and the closing of various businesses, is disproportionately affecting current economic conditions in the United States.

20

Real Estate Operations

Leasing

As of September 30, 2020, our real estate portfolio was comprised of 32 operating properties, which we refer to as our operating properties, and 3 redevelopment properties, which we refer to as our redevelopment properties, that are in the process of being redeveloped, or are completed but not yet stabilized. We collectively refer to our operating and our redevelopment properties as our owned portfolio. Our 32 operating properties were approximately 85.6% leased as of September 30, 2020, a decrease from 87.6% leased as of December 31, 2019. The 2.0% decrease in leased space was a result of the impact of lease expirations and terminations, which exceeded leasing completed during the nine months ended September 30, 2020. As of September 30, 2020, we had approximately 1,376,000 square feet of vacancy in our operating properties compared to approximately 1,175,000 square feet of vacancy at December 31, 2019. During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, we leased approximately 606,000 square feet of office space, of which approximately 259,000 square feet were with existing tenants, at a weighted average term of 7.8 years. On average, tenant improvements for such leases were $33.80 per square foot, lease commissions were $10.71 per square foot and rent concessions were approximately six months of free rent. Average GAAP base rents under such leases were $29.61 per square foot, or 11.8% higher than average rents in the respective properties as applicable compared to the year ended December 31, 2019.

As of September 30, 2020, our three redevelopment properties included an approximately 111,000 square foot property known as Stonecroft in Chantilly, Virginia, an approximately 213,000 square foot property known as Blue Lagoon in Miami, Florida and an approximately 62,000 square foot property known as Forest Park in Charlotte, North Carolina. Given the length of the redevelopment and lease-up process, these properties are not classified as an operating property until, in some cases, years after we commence the project.

Our property known as 801 Marquette in Minneapolis, Minnesota, which was substantially completed at the end of the second quarter of 2017, had been previously classified as a redevelopment property. As of June 30, 2020, the property had leases signed and tenants occupying approximately 37% of the rentable square feet of the property. On September 14, 2020, we entered into a lease agreement with a new tenant with an initial term of 16 years for approximately 71,000 square feet, or 54.8% of the property’s rentable square feet. As a result, as of September 30, 2020, 801 Marquette was approximately 91.8% leased, which we consider stabilized, and has been reclassified as an operating property.

The redevelopment of Stonecroft commenced in August 2020. We expect to incur total redevelopment and lease-up costs of $18.5 million, which includes significant interior work to make the space suitable for multiple tenants, or to accommodate a tenant with accredited security requirements. As of September 30, 2020, we had incurred approximately $1.4 million in redevelopment costs. We anticipate completing the redevelopment by June 30, 2021.

The redevelopment of Blue Lagoon commenced in December 2018 following the maturity of a lease with a major tenant that had occupied 100% of the property. On September 13, 2019, we entered into a lease agreement with a new tenant with an initial term of 16 years for approximately 156,000 square feet, or 73.1% of the property’s rentable square feet. We expect to incur total restoration, redevelopment and lease-up costs of $39.9 million, which include work on the roof of the building, costs to make the space suitable for multiple tenants and to increase parking at the property. As of September 30, 2020, we had incurred approximately $16.5 million in total redevelopment costs. We anticipate completing the redevelopment by the end of 2020.

The redevelopment of Forest Park commenced in January 2019 following the maturity of a lease with a tenant that had occupied 100% of the property through December 31, 2018. We completed the redevelopment during the three months ended June 30, 2020. On July 20, 2020, a tenant lease commenced and occupies approximately 22,000 square feet, or approximately 34.5% of the total rentable square feet, with an initial term of 11 years. On September 24, 2020, we entered into a lease agreement with a new tenant for approximately 28,200 square feet, or 43.9% of the rentable square feet at the property, with an initial term of 7 years. As a result, as of September 30, 2020, Forest Park was approximately 78.4% leased.

As of September 30, 2020, leases for approximately 0.8% and 8.2% of the square footage in our owned portfolio are scheduled to expire during 2020 and 2021, respectively. As the fourth quarter of 2020 begins, we believe that our operating properties are well stabilized, with a balanced lease expiration schedule, and that existing vacancy is being actively marketed

21

to numerous potential tenants. While leasing activity at our properties has continued, we believe that the COVID-19 pandemic and related containment and mitigation measures may limit or delay new tenant leasing during at least the fourth quarter of 2020 and potentially in future periods.

While we cannot generally predict when an existing vacancy in our owned portfolio will be leased or if existing tenants with expiring leases will renew their leases or what the terms and conditions of the lease renewals will be, we expect to renew or sign new leases at then-current market rates for locations in which the buildings are located, which could be above or below the expiring rates. Also, we believe the potential for any of our tenants to default on its lease or to seek the protection of bankruptcy exists. If any of our tenants defaults on its lease, we may experience delays in enforcing our rights as a landlord and may incur substantial costs in protecting our investment. In addition, at any time, a tenant of one of our properties may seek the protection of bankruptcy laws, which could result in the rejection and termination of such tenant’s lease and thereby cause a reduction in cash available for distribution to our stockholders.

Critical Accounting Policies

We have certain critical accounting policies that are subject to judgments and estimates by our management and uncertainties of outcome that affect the application of these policies. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances. On an on-going basis, we evaluate our estimates. In the event estimates or assumptions prove to be different from actual results, adjustments are made in subsequent periods to reflect more current information. The accounting policies that we believe are most critical to the understanding of our financial position and results of operations, and that require significant management estimates and judgments, are discussed in Item 7, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.

Critical accounting policies are those that have the most impact on the reporting of our financial condition and results of operations and those requiring significant judgments and estimates. We believe that our judgments and assessments are consistently applied and produce financial information that fairly presents our results of operations.

Recent Accounting Standards

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments (“ASU 2016-13”), which requires that entities use a new forward looking “expected loss” model that generally will result in the earlier recognition of allowance for credit losses. The measurement of expected credit losses is based upon historical experience, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts that affect the collectability of the reported amount. ASU 2016-13 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company’s Sponsored REIT Loan (as defined in Note 2 of our consolidated financial statements) receivables are within the scope of this standard. The Company’s receivables associated with its real estate operating leases are not within the scope of this standard and our analysis was completed using a Probability of Default / Loss Given Default Model. The Company adopted this standard on January 1, 2020. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework - Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement (“ASU 2018-13”). The ASU is intended to improve the effectiveness of fair value measurement disclosures. ASU 2018-13 is effective for all entities for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2019. This ASU amends existing fair value measurement disclosure requirements by adding, changing, or removing certain disclosures. The Company adopted this standard on January 1, 2020. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

In April 2019, the FASB issued ASU No. 2019-04, Codification Improvements to Topics 326, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses, Topic 815 Derivatives and Hedging and Topic 825, Financial Instruments (“ASU 2019-04”). The ASU clarifies areas of guidance related to the recently issued standards on credit losses (Topic 326), derivatives and hedging (Topic 815), and recognition and measurement of financial instruments (Topic 825). The Company adopted this standard on January 1, 2020. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

22

In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting (“ASU 2020-04”). The ASU contains practical expedients for reference rate reform related activities that impact debt, leases, derivatives and other contracts. The guidance in ASU 2020-04 is optional and may be elected over time as reference rate reform activities occur. The Company is currently assessing the potential impact that the adoption of ASU 2020-04 may have on its consolidated financial statements.

Results of Operations

The following table shows financial results for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019:

Three months ended September 30,

(in thousands)

    

2020

    

2019

    

Change

 

Revenues:

Rental

$

61,834

$

68,108

$

(6,274)

Related party revenue:

Management fees and interest income from loans

 

400

 

426

 

(26)

Other

 

13

 

5

 

8

Total revenues

 

62,247

 

68,539

 

(6,292)

Expenses:

Real estate operating expenses

 

16,730

 

18,041

 

(1,311)

Real estate taxes and insurance

 

12,279

 

12,505

 

(226)

Depreciation and amortization

 

22,076

 

22,559

 

(483)

General and administrative

 

3,817

 

3,886

 

(69)

Interest

 

8,953

 

9,036

 

(83)

Total expenses

 

63,855

 

66,027

 

(2,172)

Income (loss) before taxes

 

(1,608)

 

2,512

 

(4,120)

Tax expense on income

 

71

 

113

 

(42)

Net income (loss)

$

(1,679)

$

2,399

$

(4,078)

Comparison of the three months ended September 30, 2020 to the three months ended September 30, 2019:

Revenues

Total revenues decreased by $6.3 million to $62.2 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020, as compared to the three months ended September 30, 2019. The decrease was primarily a result of:

A decrease in rental revenue of approximately $6.3 million arising primarily from the loss of rental income from leases that expired after September 30, 2019 and during the three months ended September 30, 2020, compared to the same period in 2019. These decreases were partially offset by rental income earned from leases commencing after September 30, 2019. Our leased space in our operating properties was 85.6% at September 30, 2020 and 89.7% at September 30, 2019.

Expenses

Total expenses decreased by $2.2 million to $63.9 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020, as compared to the three months ended September 30, 2019. The decrease was primarily a result of:

A decrease in real estate operating expenses and real estate taxes and insurance of approximately $1.5 million.
A decrease to depreciation and amortization of approximately $0.5 million.

23

A decrease in general and administrative expenses of $0.1 million, which was primarily from lower personnel costs.
A decrease in interest expense of approximately $0.1 million. The decrease was primarily from lower interest rates during the three months ended September 30, 2020 compared to the same period in 2019.

Tax expense on income

Included in income taxes is the Revised Texas Franchise Tax, which is a tax on revenues from Texas properties, which decreased $42,000 during the three months ended September 30, 2020 compared to the three months ended September 30, 2019.

Net loss

Net loss for the three months ended September 30, 2020 was $1.7 million compared to a net income of $2.4 million for the three months ended September 30, 2019, for the reasons described above.

24

The following table shows financial results for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019:

Nine months ended September 30,

(in thousands)

    

2020

    

2019

    

Change

 

Revenues:

Rental

$

184,799

$

196,952

$

(12,153)

Related party revenue:

Management fees and interest income from loans

 

1,208

 

3,100

 

(1,892)

Other

 

31

 

16

 

15

Total revenues

 

186,038

 

200,068

 

(14,030)

Expenses:

Real estate operating expenses

 

49,498

 

52,883

 

(3,385)

Real estate taxes and insurance

 

36,348

 

37,408

 

(1,060)

Depreciation and amortization

 

66,659

 

67,913

 

(1,254)

General and administrative

 

11,159

 

11,097

 

62

Interest

 

26,996

 

27,775

 

(779)

Total expenses

 

190,660

 

197,076

 

(6,416)

Income (loss) before taxes on income

 

(4,622)

 

2,992

 

(7,614)

Tax expense on income

 

203

 

165

 

38

Net income (loss)

$

(4,825)

$

2,827

$

(7,652)

Comparison of the nine months ended September 30, 2020 to the nine months ended Septmber 30, 2019:

Revenues

Total revenues decreased by $14.0 million to $186.0 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020, as compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2019. The decrease was primarily a result of:

A decrease in rental revenue of approximately $12.2 million arising primarily from the loss of rental income from leases that expired after September 30, 2019 and during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared the same period in 2019. These decreases were partially offset by rental income earned from leases commencing after September 30, 2019. Our leased space in our operating properties was 85.6% at September 30, 2020 and 89.7% at September 30, 2019.
A decrease of approximately $1.8 million in interest income from Sponsored REIT Loans primarily as a result of repayment of approximately $51 million of these loans in June 2019.

Expenses

Total expenses decreased by $6.4 million to $190.6 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020, as compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2019. The decrease was primarily a result of:

A decrease in real estate operating expenses and real estate taxes and insurance of approximately $4.4 million.
A decrease in depreciation and amortization of approximately $1.2 million.
A decrease in interest expense of approximately $0.8 million. The decrease was primarily attributable to lower interest rates during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared to the same period in 2019.

25

Tax expense on income

Included in income taxes is the Revised Texas Franchise Tax, which is a tax on revenues from Texas properties, which decreased $74,000, and benefits from federal and other income taxes, which decreased by $112,000, during the nine months ended September 30, 2019 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2020, primarily as a result of a refund arising due to the provisions of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 during the nine months ended September 30, 2019.

Net loss

Net loss for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 was $4.8 million compared to a net income of $2.8 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2019, for the reasons described above.

26

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Funds From Operations

The Company evaluates performance based on Funds From Operations, which we refer to as FFO, as management believes that FFO represents the most accurate measure of activity and is the basis for distributions paid to equity holders. The Company defines FFO as net income or loss (computed in accordance with GAAP), excluding gains (or losses) from sales of property, hedge ineffectiveness, acquisition costs of newly acquired properties that are not capitalized and lease acquisition costs that are not capitalized plus depreciation and amortization, including amortization of acquired above and below market lease intangibles and impairment charges on properties or investments in non-consolidated REITs, and after adjustments to exclude equity in income or losses from, and, to include the proportionate share of FFO from, non-consolidated REITs.

FFO should not be considered as an alternative to net income or loss (determined in accordance with GAAP), nor as an indicator of the Company’s financial performance, nor as an alternative to cash flows from operating activities (determined in accordance with GAAP), nor as a measure of the Company’s liquidity, nor is it necessarily indicative of sufficient cash flow to fund all of the Company’s needs.

Other real estate companies and the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts, or NAREIT, may define this term in a different manner. We have included the NAREIT FFO definition as of May 17, 2016 in the table and note that other REITs may not define FFO in accordance with the NAREIT definition or may interpret the current NAREIT definition differently than we do.

We believe that in order to facilitate a clear understanding of the results of the Company, FFO should be examined in connection with net income or loss and cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities in the consolidated financial statements.

The calculations of FFO are shown in the following table:

For the

For the

Three Months Ended

Nine Months Ended

September 30,

September 30,

(in thousands):

    

2020

    

2019

    

2020

    

2019

Net income (loss)

$

(1,679)

$

2,399

$

(4,825)

$

2,827

Depreciation and amortization

 

21,989

 

22,448

 

66,424

 

67,609

NAREIT FFO

 

20,310

 

24,847

 

61,599

 

70,436

Lease Acquisition costs

 

136

 

61

 

333

 

351

Funds From Operations

$

20,446

$

24,908

$

61,932

$

70,787

Net Operating Income (NOI)

The Company provides property performance based on Net Operating Income, which we refer to as NOI. Management believes that investors are interested in this information. NOI is a non-GAAP financial measure that the Company defines as net income or loss (the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure) plus selling, general and administrative expenses, depreciation and amortization, including amortization of acquired above and below market lease intangibles and impairment charges, interest expense, less equity in earnings of nonconsolidated REITs, interest income, management fee income, hedge ineffectiveness, gains or losses on the sale of assets and excludes non-property specific income and expenses. The information presented includes footnotes and the data is shown by region with properties owned in the periods presented, which we call Same Store. The comparative Same Store results include properties held for the periods presented and exclude properties that are redevelopment properties. We also exclude properties that have been placed in service, but that do not have operating activity for all periods presented, dispositions and significant nonrecurring income such as bankruptcy settlements and lease termination fees. NOI, as defined by the Company, may not be comparable to NOI reported by other REITs that define NOI differently. NOI should not be considered an alternative to net income or loss as an

27

indication of our performance or to cash flows as a measure of the Company’s liquidity or its ability to make distributions. The calculations of NOI are shown in the following table:

Net Operating Income (NOI)*

Rentable

Square

Nine Months

Nine Months

 

Feet

Three Months Ended

Ended

Three Months Ended

Ended

Inc

%

 

(in thousands)

   

or RSF

   

31-Mar-20

   

30-Jun-20

   

30-Sep-20

   

30-Sep-20

   

31-Mar-19

   

30-Jun-19

   

30-Sep-19

   

30-Sep-19

   

(Dec)

   

Change

 

Region

East

 

833

 

$

2,836

 

$

3,019

 

$

2,425

 

$

8,280

 

$

2,659

 

$

2,792

 

$

2,684

 

$

8,135

 

$

145

 

1.8

%

MidWest

 

1,557

 

5,485

 

5,089

 

5,068

 

15,642

 

5,163

 

5,174

 

5,297

 

15,634

 

8

 

0.1

%

South

 

4,387

 

13,290

 

13,025

 

13,619

 

39,934

 

14,272

 

15,196

 

17,456

 

46,924

 

(6,990)

 

(14.9)

%

West

 

2,620

 

11,463

 

11,211

 

10,976

 

33,650

 

10,558

 

11,240

 

11,134

 

32,932

 

718

 

2.2

%

Property NOI* from Operating Properties

 

9,397

 

33,074

 

32,344

 

32,088

 

97,506

 

32,652

 

34,402

 

36,571

 

103,625

 

(6,119)

 

(5.9)

%

Dispositions and Redevelopment Properties (a)

519

 

(200)

 

(148)

109

 

(239)

 

322

 

294

296

 

912

 

(1,151)

 

(1.1)

%

Property NOI*

9,916

 

$

32,874

 

$

32,196

 

$

32,197

 

$

97,267

 

$

32,974

 

$

34,696

 

$

36,867

 

$

104,537

 

$

(7,270)

 

(7.0)

%

 

Same Store

 

$

33,074

 

$

32,344

 

$

32,088

 

$

97,506

 

$

32,652

 

$

34,402

 

$

36,571

 

$

103,625

 

$

(6,119)

 

(5.9)

%

Less Nonrecurring

Items in NOI* (b)

 

26

 

810

351

 

1,187

 

35

 

706

3,434

 

4,175

 

(2,988)

 

2.8

%

Comparative

Same Store

 

$

33,048

 

$

31,534

 

$

31,737

 

$

96,319

 

$

32,617

 

$

33,696

 

$

33,137

 

$

99,450

 

$

(3,131)

 

(3.1)

%

 

Nine Months

 

Nine Months

Three Months Ended

 

Ended

Three Months Ended

 

Ended

Reconciliation to Net Income (Loss)

31-Mar-20

30-Jun-20

30-Sep-20

30-Sep-20

31-Mar-19

30-Jun-19

30-Sep-19

30-Sep-19

Net loss

 

$

(1,071)

 

$

(2,075)

 

$

(1,679)

 

$

(4,825)

 

$

(1,205)

 

$

1,633

 

$

2,399

 

$

2,827

Add (deduct):

Management fee income

 

(478)

 

(446)

(484)

 

(1,408)

 

(677)

 

(645)

(634)

 

(1,956)

Depreciation and amortization

 

22,338

 

22,245

22,076

 

66,659

 

23,245

 

22,109

22,559

 

67,913

Amortization of above/below market leases

 

(73)

 

(75)

(86)

 

(234)

 

(112)

 

(81)

(112)

 

(305)

General and administrative

 

3,525

 

3,817

3,817

 

11,159

 

3,509

 

3,703

3,886

 

11,098

Interest expense

 

9,063

 

8,980

8,953

 

26,996

 

9,368

 

9,371

9,036

 

27,775

Interest income

 

(382)

 

(381)

(386)

 

(1,149)

 

(1,294)

 

(1,259)

(395)

 

(2,948)

Non-property specific items, net

 

(48)

 

131

(14)

 

69

 

140

 

(135)

128

 

133

Property NOI*

 

$

32,874

 

$

32,196

 

$

32,197

 

$

97,267

 

$

32,974

 

$

34,696

 

$

36,867

 

$

104,537

(a)We define redevelopment properties as properties being developed, redeveloped or where redevelopment is complete, but are in lease-up and that are not stabilized. We also include properties that have been placed in service, but that do not have operating activity for all periods presented.
(b)Nonrecurring Items in NOI include proceeds from bankruptcies, lease termination fees or other significant nonrecurring income or expenses, which may affect comparability.

*Excludes NOI from investments in and interest income from secured loans to non-consolidated REITs.

28

The information presented below provides the weighted average GAAP rent per square foot for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 for our properties and weighted occupancy square feet and percentages. GAAP rent includes the impact of tenant concessions and reimbursements. This table does not include information about properties held by our investments in non-consolidated REITs or those to which we have provided Sponsored REIT Loans.

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

Weighted

 

    

 

Occupied

Weighted

 

Year Built

Weighted

Percentage as of

Average

 

or

Net Rentable

Occupied

September 30,

Rent per Occupied

 

Property Name

City

State

Renovated

Square Feet

Sq. Ft.

2020 (a)

Square Feet (b)

 

 

Forest Park (c)

Charlotte

NC

1999

64,198

7,537

11.7

%  

$

20.20

Meadow Point

Chantilly

VA

1999

138,537

108,378

 

78.2

%  

23.89

Innsbrook

Glen Allen

VA

1999

298,183

170,680

 

57.2

%  

 

18.80

Loudoun Tech Center

Dulles

VA

1999

136,658

135,209

 

98.9

%  

 

18.30

Stonecroft (c)

Chantilly

VA

2008

111,469

 

%  

 

Emperor Boulevard

Durham

NC

2009

259,531

259,531

 

100.0

%  

 

32.26

East total

1,008,576

681,335

 

67.6

%  

 

24.65

Northwest Point

Elk Grove Village

IL

1999

177,095

177,095

 

100.0

%  

 

27.35

909 Davis Street

Evanston

IL

2002

195,098

182,105

 

93.3

%  

 

41.54

River Crossing

Indianapolis

IN

1998

205,729

201,923

 

98.2

%  

 

24.45

Timberlake

Chesterfield

MO

1999

234,496

224,319

 

95.7

%  

 

27.47

Timberlake East

Chesterfield

MO

2000

117,036

117,036

 

100.0

%  

 

26.67

121 South 8th Street

Minneapolis

MN

1974

297,209

257,026

 

86.5

%  

 

22.35

801 Marquette Ave

Minneapolis

MN

1923/2017

129,821

48,034

37.0

%  

29.27

Plaza Seven

Minneapolis

MN

1987

330,096

292,300

 

88.6

%  

 

32.67

Midwest total

1,686,580

1,499,838

 

88.9

%  

 

28.89

Blue Lagoon Drive (c)

Miami

FL

2002

213,182

%  

One Overton Park

Atlanta

GA

2002

387,267

327,628

 

84.6

%  

 

24.09

Park Ten

Houston

TX

1999

157,460

112,962

 

71.7

%  

 

27.13

Addison Circle

Addison

TX

1999

289,325

217,804

 

75.3

%  

 

33.32

29

The information presented below provides the weighted average GAAP rent per square foot for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 for our properties and weighted occupancy square feet and percentages. GAAP rent includes the impact of tenant concessions and reimbursements. This table does not include information about properties held by our investments in non-consolidated REITs or those to which we have provided Sponsored REIT Loans.

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

Weighted

    

    

 

Occupied

Weighted

 

Year Built

Weighted

Percentage as of

Average

 

or

Net Rentable

Occupied

September 30,

Rent per Occupied

 

Property Name

City

State

Renovated

Square Feet

Sq. Ft.

2020 (a)

Square Feet (b)

 

 

Collins Crossing

Richardson

TX

1999

300,887

240,710

 

80.0

%  

$

26.65

Eldridge Green

Houston

TX

1999

248,399

248,399

 

100.0

%  

 

29.97

Park Ten Phase II

Houston

TX

2006

156,746

138,783

 

88.5

%  

28.48

Liberty Plaza

Addison

TX

1985

216,906

157,864

 

72.8

%  

22.96

Legacy Tennyson Center

Plano

TX

1999/2008

207,049

193,922

 

93.7

%  

30.02

One Legacy Circle

Plano

TX

2008

214,110

97,334

 

45.5

%  

37.14

One Ravinia Drive

Atlanta

GA

1985

386,602

334,372

 

86.5

%  

27.57

Two Ravinia Drive

Atlanta

GA

1987

411,047

277,374

 

67.5

%  

27.42

Westchase I & II

Houston

TX

1983/2008

629,025

349,864

 

55.6

%  

29.22

Pershing Park Plaza

Atlanta

GA

1989

160,145

158,175

98.8

%  

33.28

999 Peachtree

Atlanta

GA

1987

621,946

534,127

 

85.9

%  

33.44

South Total

4,600,096

3,389,318

 

73.7

%  

29.29

380 Interlocken

Broomfield

CO

2000

240,359

174,573

 

72.6

%  

32.88

1999 Broadway

Denver

CO

1986

677,539

540,405

 

79.8

%  

32.69

1001 17th Street

Denver

CO

1977/2006

655,420

640,017

 

97.7

%  

36.74

600 17th Street

Denver

CO

1982

609,353

523,922

 

86.0

%  

31.89

Greenwood Plaza

Englewood

CO

2000

196,236

196,236

 

100.0

%  

25.04

390 Interlocken

Broomfield

CO

2002

241,512

237,793

 

98.5

%  

33.46

West Total

2,620,419

2,312,946

 

88.3

%  

33.07

Total Owned Properties

9,915,671

7,883,437

79.5

%  

29.92

(a)Based on weighted occupied square feet for the nine months ended September 30, 2020, including month-to-month tenants, divided by the Property’s net rentable square footage.
(b)Represents annualized GAAP rental revenue for the nine months ended September 30, 2020, per weighted occupied square foot.
(c)We define redevelopment properties as properties being developed, redeveloped or where redevelopment is complete, but are in lease-up and that are not stabilized.

30

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash were $4.8 million and $9.8 million at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively. The decrease of $5.0 million is attributable to $56.0 million provided by operating activities, less $62.0 million used for investing activities plus $1.0 million provided by financing activities. Management believes that existing cash, cash anticipated to be generated internally by operations and our existing debt financing will be sufficient to meet working capital requirements and anticipated capital expenditures for at least the next 12 months. Although there is no guarantee that we will be able to obtain the funds necessary for our future growth, we anticipate generating funds from continuing real estate operations. We believe that we have adequate funds to cover unusual expenses and capital improvements, in addition to normal operating expenses. Our ability to maintain or increase our level of dividends to stockholders, however, depends in significant part upon the level of rental income from our real estate properties.

Operating Activities

Cash provided by operating activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 of $56.0 million is primarily attributable to a net loss of $4.8 million plus the add-back of $66.3 million of non-cash expenses, plus an increase in accounts payable and accrued compensation of $2.8 million. These increases were partially offset by an increase in payment of deferred leasing commissions of $6.2 million, an increase in lease acquisition costs of $1.5 million, an increase in prepaid expenses and other assets or $0.5 million and an increase in tenant rent receivables of $0.1 million.

Investing Activities

Cash used for investing activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 of $62.0 million is primarily attributable to purchases of other real estate assets and office equipment investments of approximately $62.0 million.

Financing Activities

Cash provided by financing activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 of $1.0 million is primarily attributable to net borrowings on the BAML Revolver (as defined below) of $30.0 million and was partially offset by distributions paid to stockholders of $29.0 million.

JPM Term Loan

On August 2, 2018, the Company entered into an Amended and Restated Credit Agreement with JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as administrative agent and lender (“JPMorgan”), and the other lending institutions party thereto (the “JPM Credit Agreement”), which provides a single unsecured bridge loan in the aggregate principal amount of $150 million (the “JPM Term Loan”) that remains fully advanced and outstanding. The JPM Term Loan matures on November 30, 2021. The Company has the right to extend the maturity date of the JPM Term Loan by two additional six month periods, or until November 30, 2022, upon payment of a fee and satisfaction of certain customary conditions. The JPM Term Loan was previously evidenced by a Credit Agreement, dated November 30, 2016, among the Company, JPMorgan, as administrative agent and lender, and the other lending institutions party thereto, as amended by a First Amendment, dated October 18, 2017.

The JPM Term Loan bears interest at either (i) a number of basis points over a LIBOR-based rate depending on the Company’s credit rating (125.0 basis points over the LIBOR-based rate at September 30, 2020) or (ii) a number of basis points over the base rate depending on the Company’s credit rating (25.0 basis points over the base rate at September 30, 2020).

31

Although the interest rate on the JPM Term Loan is variable under the JPM Credit Agreement, the Company fixed the LIBOR-based rate on a portion of the JPM Term Loan by entering into interest rate swap transactions. On March 7, 2019, the Company entered into ISDA Master Agreements with various financial institutions to hedge a $100 million portion of the future LIBOR-based rate risk under the JPM Credit Agreement. Effective March 29, 2019, the Company fixed the LIBOR-based rate at 2.44% per annum on a $100 million portion of the JPM Term Loan until November 30, 2021. Accordingly, based upon the Company’s credit rating, as of September 30, 2020, the effective interest rate on a $100 million portion of the JPM Term Loan was 3.69% per annum.

Based upon the Company’s credit rating, as of September 30, 2020, the effective interest rate on the unhedged $50 million portion of the JPM Term Loan was 1.44% per annum. The weighted average interest rate on the unhedged $50 million portion of the JPM Term Loan during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 was approximately 2.05% per annum. The weighted average interest rate on the JPM Term Loan during the year ended December 31, 2019 was approximately 3.54% per annum.

The JPM Credit Agreement contains customary affirmative and negative covenants for credit facilities of this type, including limitations with respect to indebtedness, liens, investments, mergers and acquisitions, disposition of assets, changes in business, certain restricted payments, the requirement to have subsidiaries provide a guaranty in the event that they incur recourse indebtedness and transactions with affiliates. The JPM Credit Agreement also contains financial covenants that require the Company to maintain a minimum tangible net worth, a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio, a maximum secured leverage ratio, a maximum leverage ratio, a maximum unencumbered leverage ratio, and minimum unsecured interest coverage. The JPM Credit Agreement provides for customary events of default with corresponding grace periods, including failure to pay any principal or interest when due, certain cross defaults and a change in control of the Company (as defined in the JPM Credit Agreement). In the event of a default by the Company, the administrative agent may, and at the request of the requisite number of lenders shall, declare all obligations under the JPM Credit Agreement immediately due and payable, and enforce any and all rights of the lenders or administrative agent under the JPM Credit Agreement and related documents. For certain events of default related to bankruptcy, insolvency, and receivership, all outstanding obligations of the Company will become immediately due and payable. The Company was in compliance with the JPM Term Loan financial covenants as of September 30, 2020.

BMO Term Loan

On September 27, 2018, the Company entered into a Second Amended and Restated Credit Agreement with the lending institutions party thereto and Bank of Montreal (“BMO”), as administrative agent (the “BMO Credit Agreement”). The BMO Credit Agreement provides for a single, unsecured term loan borrowing in the amount of $220 million (the “BMO Term Loan”) that remains fully advanced and outstanding. The BMO Term Loan consists of a $55 million tranche A term loan and a $165 million tranche B term loan. The tranche A term loan matures on November 30, 2021 and the tranche B term loan matures on January 31, 2024. The BMO Credit Agreement also includes an accordion feature that allows up to $100 million of additional loans, subject to receipt of lender commitments and satisfaction of certain customary conditions. The BMO Term Loan was previously evidenced by an Amended and Restated Credit Agreement, dated October 29, 2014, among the Company, BMO, as administrative agent and lender, and the other lending institutions party thereto, as amended by a First Amendment, dated July 21, 2016, and a Second Amendment, dated October 18, 2017.

The BMO Term Loan bears interest at either (i) a number of basis points over LIBOR depending on the Company’s credit rating (125 basis points over LIBOR at September 30, 2020) or (ii) a number of basis points over the base rate depending on the Company’s credit rating (25 basis points over the base rate at September 30, 2020).

Although the interest rate on the BMO Term Loan is variable under the BMO Credit Agreement, the Company fixed the base LIBOR interest rate by entering into interest rate swap transactions. On August 26, 2013, the Company entered into an ISDA Master Agreement with Bank of Montreal that fixed the base LIBOR interest rate on the BMO Term Loan at 2.32% per annum, which expired on August 26, 2020. On February 20, 2019, the Company entered into ISDA Master Agreements with a group of banks that fixed the base LIBOR interest rate on the BMO Term Loan at 2.39% per annum for the period beginning on August 26, 2020 and ending January 31, 2024. Accordingly, based upon the Company’s credit rating, as of September 30, 2020, the effective interest rate on the BMO Term Loan was 3.64% per annum.

32

The BMO Credit Agreement contains customary affirmative and negative covenants for credit facilities of this type, including limitations with respect to indebtedness, liens, investments, mergers and acquisitions, disposition of assets, changes in business, certain restricted payments, the requirement to have subsidiaries provide a guaranty in the event that they incur recourse indebtedness and transactions with affiliates. The BMO Credit Agreement also contains financial covenants that require the Company to maintain a minimum tangible net worth, a maximum leverage ratio, a maximum secured leverage ratio, a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio, a maximum unencumbered leverage ratio, and minimum unsecured interest coverage. The BMO Credit Agreement provides for customary events of default with corresponding grace periods, including failure to pay any principal or interest when due, certain cross defaults and a change in control of the Company (as defined in the BMO Credit Agreement). In the event of a default by the Company, the administrative agent may, and at the request of the requisite number of lenders shall, declare all obligations under the BMO Credit Agreement immediately due and payable, terminate the lenders’ commitments to make loans under the BMO Credit Agreement, and enforce any and all rights of the lenders or the administrative agent under the BMO Credit Agreement and related documents. For certain events of default related to bankruptcy, insolvency, and receivership, the commitments of lenders will be automatically terminated and all outstanding obligations of the Company will become immediately due and payable. The Company was in compliance with the BMO Term Loan financial covenants as of September 30, 2020.

BAML Credit Facility

On July 21, 2016, the Company entered into a First Amendment (the “BAML First Amendment”), and on October 18, 2017, the Company entered into a Second Amendment (the “BAML Second Amendment”), to the Second Amended and Restated Credit Agreement dated October 29, 2014 among the Company, the lending institutions party thereto and Bank of America, N.A., as administrative agent, L/C Issuer and Swing Line Lender (as amended by the BAML First Amendment and the BAML Second Amendment, the “BAML Credit Facility”) that continued an existing unsecured revolving line of credit (the “BAML Revolver”) and extended the maturity of an existing term loan (the “BAML Term Loan”).

BAML Revolver Highlights

The BAML Revolver is for borrowings, at the Company's election, of up to $600 million. Borrowings made pursuant to the BAML Revolver may be revolving loans, swing line loans or letters of credit, the combined sum of which may not exceed $600 million outstanding at any time.
Borrowings made pursuant to the BAML Revolver may be borrowed, repaid and reborrowed from time to time until the initial maturity date of January 12, 2022. The Company has the right to extend the maturity date of the BAML Revolver by two additional six month periods, or until January 12, 2023, upon payment of a fee and satisfaction of certain customary conditions.
The BAML Credit Facility includes an accordion feature that allows for an aggregate amount of up to $500 million of additional borrowing capacity applicable to the BAML Revolver and/or the BAML Term Loan, subject to receipt of lender commitments and satisfaction of certain customary conditions.

As of September 30, 2020, there were borrowings of $30 million outstanding under the BAML Revolver. The BAML Revolver bears interest at either (i) a margin over LIBOR depending on the Company’s credit rating (1.20% over LIBOR at September 30, 2020) or (ii) a margin over the base rate depending on the Company’s credit rating (0.20% over the base rate at September 30, 2020). The BAML Credit Facility also obligates the Company to pay an annual facility fee in an amount that is also based on the Company’s credit rating. The facility fee is assessed against the total amount of the BAML Revolver, or $600 million (0.25% at September 30, 2020).

Based upon the Company’s credit rating, as of September 30, 2020, the interest rate on the BAML Revolver was 1.35% per annum. The weighted average interest rate on all amounts outstanding on the BAML Revolver during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 was approximately 1.76% per annum. As of December 31, 2019, there were no borrowings outstanding under the BAML Revolver. The weighted average interest rate on all amounts outstanding on the BAML Revolver during the year ended December 31, 2019 was approximately 3.67% per annum.

33

BAML Term Loan Highlights

The BAML Term Loan is for $400 million.
The BAML Term Loan matures on January 12, 2023.
The BAML Credit Facility includes an accordion feature that allows for an aggregate amount of up to $500 million of additional borrowing capacity applicable to the BAML Revolver and/or the BAML Term Loan, subject to receipt of lender commitments and satisfaction of certain customary conditions.
On September 27, 2012, the Company drew down the entire $400 million under the BAML Term Loan and such amount remains fully advanced and outstanding under the BAML Term Loan.

The BAML Term Loan bears interest at either (i) a margin over LIBOR depending on the Company’s credit rating (1.35% over LIBOR at September 30, 2020) or (ii) a margin over the base rate depending on the Company’s credit rating (0.35% over the base rate at September 30, 2020).

Although the interest rate on the BAML Credit Facility is variable, the Company fixed the base LIBOR interest rate on the BAML Term Loan by entering into interest rate swap transactions. On July 22, 2016, the Company entered into ISDA Master Agreements with a group of banks that fixed the base LIBOR interest rate on the BAML Term Loan at 1.12% per annum for the period beginning on September 27, 2017 and ending on September 27, 2021. Accordingly, based upon the Company’s credit rating, as of September 30, 2020, the effective interest rate on the BAML Term Loan was 2.47% per annum.

BAML Credit Facility General Information

The BAML Credit Facility contains customary affirmative and negative covenants for credit facilities of this type, including limitations with respect to indebtedness, liens, investments, mergers and acquisitions, disposition of assets, changes in business, certain restricted payments, the requirement to have subsidiaries provide a guaranty in the event that they incur recourse indebtedness and transactions with affiliates. The BAML Credit Facility also contains financial covenants that require the Company to maintain a minimum tangible net worth, a maximum leverage ratio, a maximum secured leverage ratio, a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio, a maximum unencumbered leverage ratio, and minimum unsecured interest coverage. The BAML Credit Facility provides for customary events of default with corresponding grace periods, including failure to pay any principal or interest when due, certain cross defaults and a change in control of the Company (as defined in the BAML Credit Facility). In the event of a default by the Company, the administrative agent may, and at the request of the requisite number of lenders shall, declare all obligations under the BAML Credit Facility immediately due and payable, terminate the lenders’ commitments to make loans under the BAML Credit Facility, and enforce any and all rights of the lenders or administrative agent under the BAML Credit Facility and related documents. For certain events of default related to bankruptcy, insolvency, and receivership, the commitments of lenders will be automatically terminated and all outstanding obligations of the Company will become immediately due and payable. The Company was in compliance with the BAML Credit Facility financial covenants as of September 30, 2020.

The Company may use the proceeds of the loans under the BAML Credit Facility to finance the acquisition of real properties and for other permitted investments; to finance investments associated with Sponsored REITs to refinance or retire indebtedness and for working capital and other general business purposes, in each case to the extent permitted under the BAML Credit Facility.

Senior Notes

On October 24, 2017, the Company entered into a note purchase agreement (the “Note Purchase Agreement”) with the various purchasers named therein (the “Purchasers”) in connection with a private placement of senior unsecured notes. Under the Note Purchase Agreement, the Company agreed to sell to the Purchasers an aggregate principal amount of $200 million of senior unsecured notes consisting of (i) 3.99% Series A Senior Notes due December 20, 2024 in an aggregate principal amount of $116 million (the “Series A Notes”) and (ii) 4.26% Series B Senior Notes due December 20, 2027 in an aggregate principal amount of $84 million (the “Series B Notes” and, together with the Series A Notes, the “Senior Notes”).

34

On December 20, 2017, the Senior Notes were funded and the proceeds were used to reduce the outstanding balance of the BAML Revolver.

The Note Purchase Agreement contains customary financial covenants, including a maximum leverage ratio, a maximum secured leverage ratio, a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio, and a maximum unencumbered leverage ratio. The Note Purchase Agreement also contains restrictive covenants that, among other things, restrict the ability of the Company and its subsidiaries to enter into transactions with affiliates, merge, consolidate, create liens, make certain restricted payments, enter into certain agreements or prepay certain indebtedness. Such financial and restrictive covenants are substantially similar to the corresponding covenants contained in the BAML Credit Facility, the BMO Credit Agreement and the JPM Credit Agreement. The Senior Notes financial covenants require, among other things, the maintenance of a fixed charge coverage ratio of at least 1.50; a maximum leverage ratio and an unsecured leverage ratio of no more than 60% (65% if there were a significant acquisition for a short period of time). In addition, the Note Purchase Agreement provides that the Note Purchase Agreement will automatically incorporate additional financial and other specified covenants (such as limitations on investments and distributions) that are effective from time to time under the existing credit agreements, other material indebtedness or certain other private placements of debt of the Company and its subsidiaries. The Note Purchase Agreement contains customary events of default, including payment defaults, cross defaults with certain other indebtedness, breaches of covenants and bankruptcy events. In the case of an event of default, the Purchasers may, among other remedies, accelerate the payment of all obligations. The Company was in compliance with the Senior Notes financial covenants as of September 30, 2020.

Equity Securities

As of September 30, 2020, we had an automatic shelf registration statement on Form S-3 with the Securities and Exchange Commission relating to the offer and sale, from time to time, of an indeterminate amount of our debt securities, common stock, preferred stock or depository shares. From time to time, we expect to issue debt securities, common stock, preferred stock or depository shares under our existing automatic shelf registration statements or a different registration statement to fund the acquisition of additional properties, to pay down any existing debt financing and for other corporate purposes.

Contingencies

From time to time, we may provide financing to Sponsored REITs in the form of a construction loan and/or a revolving line of credit secured by a mortgage. As of September 30, 2020, we had one loan outstanding for $21 million principal amount with one Sponsored REIT under such arrangements for the purpose of funding construction costs, capital expenditures, leasing costs or for other purposes. We anticipate that advances made under these facilities will be repaid at their maturity date or earlier from refinancing, long term financings of the underlying properties, cash flows from the underlying properties or another other capital event.

We may be subject to various legal proceedings and claims that arise in the ordinary course of our business. Although occasional adverse decisions (or settlements) may occur, we believe that the final disposition of such matters will not have a material adverse effect on our financial position or results of operations.

Related Party Transactions

We intend to draw on the BAML Credit Facility in the future for a variety of corporate purposes, including the acquisition of properties that we acquire directly for our portfolio and for Sponsored REIT Loans as described below.

Loans to Sponsored REITs

Sponsored REIT Loans

From time to time we may make secured loans (“Sponsored REIT Loans”) to Sponsored REITs in the form of mortgage loans or revolving lines of credit to fund construction costs, capital expenditures, leasing costs and for other purposes. We anticipate that advances made under these facilities will be repaid at their maturity date or earlier from

35

refinancing, long term financings of the underlying properties, cash flows from the underlying properties or another capital event. Each Sponsored REIT Loan is secured by a mortgage on the underlying property and has a term of approximately two to three years.

Our Sponsored REIT Loans subject us to credit risk. However, we believe that our position as asset manager of each of the Sponsored REITs helps mitigate that risk by providing us with unique insight and the ability to rely on qualitative analysis of the Sponsored REITs. Before making a Sponsored REIT Loan, we consider a variety of subjective factors, including the quality of the underlying real estate, leasing, the financial condition of the applicable Sponsored REIT and local and national market conditions. These factors are subject to change and we do not apply a formula or assign relative weights to the factors. Instead, we make a subjective determination after considering such factors collectively.

Additional information about our Sponsored REIT Loans outstanding as of September 30, 2020, including a summary table of our Sponsored REIT Loans, is incorporated herein by reference to Part 1, Item 1, Note 2, “Related Party Transactions and Investments in Non-Consolidated Entities - Management fees and interest income from loans”, in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in this report.

Other Considerations

We generally pay the ordinary annual operating expenses of our properties from the rental revenue generated by the properties. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, the rental income exceeded the expenses for each individual property, with the exception of Stonecroft for each of the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 801 Marquette for each of the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019.

Stonecroft had approximately 111,000 square feet of rentable space and became vacant in December 2019. We had no rental income and operating expenses of $69,000 during the three months ended September 30, 2020. We had no rental income and operating expenses of $514,000 during the nine months ended September 30, 2020.

801 Marquette had approximately 170,000 square feet of rentable space and became vacant in January 2016. On June 30, 2016, we commenced a redevelopment plan for the property and substantially completed the redevelopment in the second quarter of 2017. Redevelopment of 801 Marquette resulted in approximately 129,800 of net rentable square feet for the property. As of September 30, 2020, we have signed leases with three tenants for 119,000 square feet, or 91.8% of the rentable square feet of the property, for which two tenants leases have commenced and occupy 48,000 square feet, or 37% of rentable square feet at the property. As a result, rental income exceeded operating expenses during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020. We had rental income of $259,000 and operating expenses of $277,000 during the three months ended September 30, 2019 and rental income of $472,000 and operating expenses of $839,000 during the nine months ended September 30, 2019.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements and Contractual Obligations

There have been no material changes to our contractual obligations and off-balance-sheet arrangements as disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.

36

Item 3.  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

Market Rate Risk

We are exposed to changes in interest rates primarily from our floating rate borrowing arrangements. We use interest rate derivative instruments to manage exposure to interest rate changes. As of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, if market rates on our outstanding borrowings under the BAML Revolver and the floating rate portion of the JPM Term Loan increased by 10% at maturity, or approximately 14 and 31 basis points, respectively, over the current variable rate, the increase in interest expense would decrease future earnings and cash flows by $0.1 million and $0.2 million annually, respectively. Based upon our credit rating, the interest rate on the BAML Revolver as of September 30, 2020 was LIBOR plus 120 basis points, or 1.35% per annum. Based upon our credit rating, the interest rate on the $50 million portion of the JPM Term Loan that is not subject to interest rate swap transactions as of September 30, 2020 was the LIBOR-based rate plus 125 basis points, or 1.44% per annum. We do not believe that the interest rate risk on the BAML Revolver and the JPM Term Loan is material as of September 30, 2020.

Although the interest rates on the BMO Term Loan, the BAML Term Loan and the JPM Term Loan are variable, the Company fixed the base LIBOR interest rates on the BMO Term Loan and the BAML Term Loan, and the LIBOR-based rate on a $100 million portion of the JPM Term Loan, by entering into interest rate swap agreements. On July 22, 2016, the Company fixed the interest rate for the period beginning on September 27, 2017 and ending on September 27, 2021 on the BAML Term Loan with multiple interest rate swap agreements (the “2017 Interest Rate Swap”). On March 7, 2019, the Company fixed the interest rate for the period beginning on March 29, 2019 and ending on November 30, 2021 for the notional value of $100 million on the JPM Term Loan with interest rate swap agreements (the “2019 JPM Interest Rate Swap”). On February 20, 2019, the Company fixed the interest rate for the period beginning August 26, 2020 and ending January 31, 2024 on the BMO Term Loan with interest rate swap agreements (the “2019 BMO Interest Rate Swap”). Accordingly, based upon our credit rating, as of September 30, 2020, the interest rate on the BAML Term Loan was 2.47% per annum, the interest rate on the BMO Term Loan was 3.64% per annum, and the interest rate on $100 million of the JPM Term Loan was 3.69% per annum. The fair value of these interest rate swaps are affected by changes in market interest rates. We believe that we have mitigated interest rate risk with respect to the BAML Term Loan through the 2017 Interest Rate Swap from September 27, 2017 until September 27, 2021. We believe that we have mitigated interest rate risk with respect to the BMO Term Loan through the 2019 BMO Interest Rate Swap until January 31, 2024. We believe that we have mitigated the interest rate risk on a $100 million portion of the JPM Term Loan until November 30, 2021 with the 2019 JPM Interest Rate Swap. These interest rate swaps were our only derivative instruments as of September 30, 2020.

The table below lists our derivative instruments, which are hedging variable cash flows related to interest on our BAML Term Loan, BMO Term Loan and a portion of the JPM Term Loan as of September 30, 2020 (in thousands):

    

Notional

    

Strike

    

Effective

    

Expiration

    

Fair

 

(in thousands)

Value

Rate

Date

Date

Value

 

2017 Interest Rate Swap

$

400,000

 

1.12

%  

Sep-17

 

Sep-21

$

(3,886)

2019 JPM Interest Rate Swap

$

100,000

 

2.44

%  

Mar-19

 

Nov-21

$

(2,638)

2019 BMO Interest Rate Swap (1)

$

220,000

 

2.39

%  

Aug-20

 

Jan-24

$

(13,633)

(1) The Notional Value will decrease to $165 million on November 30, 2021.

Our BMO Term Loan, BAML Term Loan and JPM Term Loan hedging transactions used derivative instruments that involve certain additional risks such as counterparty credit risk, the enforceability of hedging contracts and the risk that unanticipated and significant changes in interest rates will cause a significant loss of basis in either or both of the contracts. We require our derivatives contracts to be with counterparties that have investment grade ratings. As a result, we do not anticipate that any counterparty will fail to meet its obligations. However, there can be no assurance that we will be able to adequately protect against the foregoing risks or that we will ultimately realize an economic benefit that exceeds the related amounts incurred in connection with engaging in such hedging strategies.

37

The Company’s derivatives are recorded at fair value in other assets and liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets, the effective portion of the derivatives’ fair value is recorded to other comprehensive income (loss) in the consolidated statements of comprehensive income (loss).

The following table presents, as of September 30, 2020, our contractual variable rate borrowings under our BAML Revolver, which matures on January 12, 2022, under our JPM Term Loan, which matures on November 30, 2021, under our BAML Term Loan, which matures on January 12, 2023, under our BMO Term Loan Tranche A, which matures on November 30, 2021, under our BMO Term Loan Tranche B, which matures on January 31, 2024, under our Series A Notes, which mature on December 20, 2024, and under our Series B Notes, which mature on December 20, 2027. Under the BAML Revolver, we have the right to extend the initial maturity date with two additional six month extensions, or until January 12, 2023, upon payment of a fee and satisfaction of certain customary conditions.

Payment due by period

 

(in thousands)

 

    

Total

    

2020

    

2021

    

2022

    

2023

    

2024

    

Thereafter

 

BAML Revolver

$

30,000

$

$

$

30,000

$

$

$

JPM Term Loan

150,000

150,000

 

 

BAML Term Loan

 

400,000

 

 

400,000

 

BMO Term Loan Tranche A

 

55,000

55,000

 

 

BMO Term Loan Tranche B

165,000

165,000

Series A Notes

116,000

 

116,000

 

Series B Notes

 

84,000

 

 

84,000

Total

$

1,000,000

$

$

205,000

$

30,000

$

400,000

$

281,000

$

84,000

Item 4.  Controls and Procedures

Our management, with the participation of our chief executive officer and chief financial officer, evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of September 30, 2020. The term “disclosure controls and procedures,” as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), means controls and other procedures of a company that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by a company in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by a company in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to the company’s management, including its principal executive and principal financial officers, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. Management recognizes that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving their objectives and management necessarily applies its judgment in evaluating the cost-benefit relationship of possible controls and procedures. Based on the evaluation of our disclosure controls and procedures as of September 30, 2020, our chief executive officer and chief financial officer concluded that, as of such date, our disclosure controls and procedures were effective at the reasonable assurance level.

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

No change in our internal control over financial reporting occurred during the quarter ended September 30, 2020, that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

38

PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1.  Legal Proceedings

From time to time, we may be subject to legal proceedings and claims that arise in the ordinary course of our business. Although occasional adverse decisions (or settlements) may occur, we believe that the final disposition of such matters will not have a material adverse effect on our financial position, cash flows or results of operations.

Item 1A.  Risk Factors

The following additional risk factor relating to COVID-19 should be read in conjunction with the risk factors set forth under Part I, “Item 1A. Risk Factors” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 (“2019 Form 10-K”). The developments described in this additional risk factor have heightened, or in some cases manifested, certain of the risks disclosed in the risk factor section of the 2019 Form 10-K, and such risk factors are further qualified by the information relating to COVID-19 that is described in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, including in the additional risk factor below. Except as described herein, there have been no material changes to the risk factors disclosed in the 2019 Form 10-K. In addition to the other information set forth in this report, you should carefully consider the risks discussed below and in the 2019 Form 10-K, which could materially affect our business, financial condition or future results. The risks described below and in the 2019 Form 10-K are not the only risks facing our Company. Additional risks and uncertainties not currently known to us or that we currently deem to be immaterial also may materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and/or operating results.

The COVID-19 pandemic has caused severe disruptions in the U.S. and global economies and is expected to have an adverse impact on our financial condition and results of operations. This impact could be materially adverse to the extent that the current COVID-19 pandemic, or future pandemics, cause tenants to be unable to pay their rent or reduce the demand for commercial real estate, or cause other impacts described below.

The COVID-19 pandemic in many countries, including the United States, continues to adversely impact global economic activity and has contributed to significant volatility and negative pressure in financial markets. The global impact of the pandemic has been evolving and many countries, including the United States, have reacted by instituting quarantines and restrictions on travel.

Many U.S. cities and states, including cities and states where our properties are located, have also reacted by instituting quarantines, restrictions on travel, restrictions on types of business that may continue to operate, and/or restrictions on types of construction projects that may continue. There can be no assurances as to the length of time these restrictions will remain in place.

The effects of the COVID-19 pandemic or another future pandemic could adversely affect us and/or our tenants due to, among other factors:

the unavailability of personnel, including our executive officers and other leaders that are part of our management team, and the inability to recruit, attract and retain skilled personnel;

difficulty accessing debt and equity capital on attractive terms, or at all—a severe disruption and instability in the global financial markets or deteriorations in credit and financing conditions may affect our and our tenants’ ability to access capital necessary to fund business operations or replace or renew maturing liabilities on a timely basis on attractive terms, and may adversely affect the valuation of financial assets and liabilities, any of which could affect our ability to meet liquidity and capital expenditure requirements or have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows;

an inability to operate in affected areas, or delays in the supply of products or services from the vendors that are needed to operate effectively, including without limitation, the ability to complete construction on time and on budget;

39

a reduction in demand for oil as a result of decreased economic activity and travel restrictions which, if sustained, could have an adverse impact on occupancy and rental rates in the markets where we own properties, including energy-influenced markets such as Dallas, Denver and Houston, where we have a significant concentration of properties;

tenants’ inability to pay rent on their leases or our inability to re-lease space that is or becomes vacant, which inability, if extreme, could cause us to: (i) no longer be able to maintain our current level of dividends in order to preserve liquidity and (ii) be unable to meet our debt obligations to lenders, which could cause us to be unable to meet debt covenants, which could trigger a default or defaults and cause us to have to sell properties or refinance debt on unattractive terms; and

our inability to maintain an investment grade corporate credit rating could lead to increased borrowing costs and adversely affect our access to funding sources and the terms of any available funding sources.

COVID-19 has impacted our properties and operating results and will continue to do so to the extent it reduces occupancy, increases the cost of operation, results in limited hours, results in decreased rental receipts, results in increased borrowings or necessitates the closure of such properties. In addition, quarantines, states of emergencies and other measures taken to curb the spread of COVID-19 may negatively impact the ability of our properties to continue to obtain necessary goods and services or provide adequate staffing, which may also adversely affect our properties and operating results.

Some of our existing tenants and potential tenants operate in industries that are being adversely affected by the disruption to business caused by this pandemic. Tenants have been, and may in the future be, required to suspend operations at our properties for an extended periods of time. For example, some of our retail tenants have been, and may continue to be, closed for an extended period of time or only open certain hours of the day. Some of our tenants have requested rent concessions and more tenants may request rent concessions or may not pay rent in the future. This could lead to increased rent delinquencies and/or defaults under leases, a lower demand for rentable space leading to increased concessions or lower occupancy, increased tenant improvement capital expenditures, or reduced rental rates to maintain occupancies. Our operations could be materially negatively affected if the economic downturn is prolonged, which could adversely affect our operating results, ability to pay dividends, our ability to repay or refinance our existing indebtedness, and the price of our common stock.

The continuing evolution of this situation precludes any prediction as to the ultimate impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. The full extent of the impact and effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on our future financial performance, as a whole, and, specifically, on our real estate property holdings are uncertain at this time. The impact will depend on future developments, including, among other factors, the duration and spread of the outbreak, along with related travel advisories and restrictions, and the uncertainty with respect to the duration of the global economic slowdown. COVID-19 and the current financial, economic and capital markets environment, and future developments in these and other areas present uncertainty and risk with respect to our performance, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, and the price of our common stock.

Item 2.  Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

None.

Item 3.  Defaults Upon Senior Securities

None.

Item 4.  Mine Safety Disclosures

None.

40

Item 5.  Other Information

None.

41

Item 6.  Exhibits

Exhibit No.

    

Description

3.1 (1)

Articles of Incorporation, as amended

3.2 (2)

Amended and Restated By-laws.

31.1*

Certification of FSP Corp.’s Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

31.2*

Certification of FSP Corp.’s Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes- Oxley Act of 2002.

32.1*

Certification of FSP Corp.’s Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

32.2*

Certification of FSP Corp.’s Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

101*

The following materials from FSP Corp.’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2020, formatted in iXBRL (Inline eXtensible Business Reporting Language): (i) the Consolidated Balance Sheets; (ii) the Consolidated Statements of Operations; (iii) the Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity; (iv) the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows; (v) the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss); and (vi) the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

104

Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101).

Footnotes

    

Description

(1)  

Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to FSP Corp.’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, filed on July 30, 2019 (File No. 001-32470).

(2)  

Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.2 to FSP Corp.’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, filed August 4, 2020 (File No. 001-32470).

*

Filed herewith.

42

SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

FRANKLIN STREET PROPERTIES CORP.

Date

    

Signature

    

Title

Date: November 3, 2020

/s/ George J. Carter

Chief Executive Officer and Director

George J. Carter

(Principal Executive Officer)

Date: November 3, 2020

/s/ John G. Demeritt

Chief Financial Officer

John G. Demeritt

(Principal Financial Officer)

43