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FSP Franklin Street Properties

Filed: 16 Feb 21, 4:33pm

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-K

(Mark One)

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from            to            

Commission File No. 001-32470

FRANKLIN STREET PROPERTIES CORP.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Maryland

04-3578653

(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

401 Edgewater Place, Suite 200, Wakefield, Massachusetts

01880

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (781) 557-1300

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class:

Trading Symbol(s)

Name of each exchange on which registered:

Common Stock, $.0001 par value per share

FSP

NYSE American

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes  No .

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes  No .

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes  No .

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes  No .

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

Smaller reporting company

Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report. 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes  No .

The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates based on the closing sale price as reported on NYSE American, as of the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter, June 30, 2020, was approximately $523,709,269.

There were 107,328,199 shares of common stock of the registrant outstanding as of February 5, 2021.

Documents incorporated by reference: The registrant intends to file a definitive proxy statement pursuant to Regulation 14A, promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, to be used in connection with the registrant’s Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held on May 13, 2021 (the “Proxy Statement”). The information required in response to Items 10 — 14 of Part III of this Form 10-K, other than that contained in Part I under the caption, “Information about our Executive Officers,” is hereby incorporated by reference to the Proxy Statement.

PART I

Item 1.Business

History

Our company, Franklin Street Properties Corp., which we refer to as FSP Corp., the Company, we or our, is a Maryland corporation that operates in a manner intended to qualify as a real estate investment trust, or REIT, for federal income tax purposes. Our common stock is traded on the NYSE American under the symbol “FSP”. FSP Corp. is the successor to Franklin Street Partners Limited Partnership, or the FSP Partnership, which was originally formed as a Massachusetts general partnership in January 1997 as the successor to a Massachusetts general partnership that was formed in 1981. On January 1, 2002, the FSP Partnership converted into FSP Corp., which we refer to as the conversion. As a result of this conversion, the FSP Partnership ceased to exist and we succeeded to the business of the FSP Partnership. In the conversion, each unit of both general and limited partnership interests in the FSP Partnership was converted into one share of our common stock. As a result of the conversion, we hold, directly and indirectly, 100% of the interest in three former subsidiaries of the FSP Partnership: FSP Investments LLC, FSP Property Management LLC, and FSP Holdings LLC. We operate some of our business through these subsidiaries.

Our Business

We are a REIT focused on commercial real estate investments primarily in office markets and currently operate in only one segment: real estate operations. The principal revenue sources for our real estate operations include rental income from real estate leasing, interest income from secured loans made on office properties, property dispositions and fee income from asset/property management and development.

Our current strategy is to invest in infill and central business district office properties in the United States sunbelt and mountain west regions as well as select opportunistic markets. We believe that the United States sunbelt and mountain west regions have macro-economic drivers that have the potential to increase occupancies and rents. We seek value-oriented investments with an eye towards long-term growth and appreciation, as well as current income.

Previously we also operated in an investment banking segment, which was discontinued in December 2011. Our investment banking segment generated brokerage commissions, loan origination fees, development services and other fees related to the organization of single-purpose entities that own real estate and the private placement of equity in those entities. We refer to these entities, which are organized as corporations and operated in a manner intended to qualify as REITs, as Sponsored REITs. On December 15, 2011, we announced that our broker/dealer subsidiary, FSP Investments LLC, would no longer sponsor the syndication of shares of preferred stock in newly-formed Sponsored REITs. On July 15, 2014, FSP Investments LLC withdrew its registration as a broker/dealer with FINRA.

From time-to-time we may acquire real estate or invest in real estate by making secured loans on real estate. We may also pursue on a selective basis the sale of our properties to take advantage of the value creation and demand for our properties, or for geographic or property specific reasons.

Real Estate

We own and operate a portfolio of real estate consisting of 34 office properties as of December 31, 2020, consisting of 32 operating properties and 2 redevelopment properties. We derive rental revenue from income paid to us by tenants of these properties. See Item 2 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for more information about our properties. From time-to-time we dispose of properties generating gains or losses in an ongoing effort to improve and upgrade our portfolio.

We provide asset management, property management, property accounting, investor and/or development services to our portfolio and certain of our Sponsored REITs through our subsidiaries FSP Investments LLC and FSP Property Management LLC. FSP Corp. recognizes revenue from its receipt of fee income from Sponsored REITs that

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have not been consolidated or acquired by us. Neither FSP Investments LLC nor FSP Property Management LLC receives any rental income.

From time-to-time we may make secured loans to Sponsored REITs in the form of mortgage loans or revolving lines of credit to fund construction costs, capital expenditures, leasing costs and for other purposes. We anticipate that these loans will be repaid at their maturity or earlier from long-term financings of the underlying properties, cash flows from the underlying properties or some other capital event. We refer to these loans as Sponsored REIT Loans. We had one Sponsored REIT Loan secured by real estate outstanding as of December 31, 2020, from which we derive interest income.

Sustainability

As an owner of commercial real estate, a sector with significant environmental, social and governance “ESG” impact, we strive to maximize shareholder value through the prudent application of sound ESG strategies. Our efforts have been awarded recognition from various third party review entities, such as GRESB, ENERGY STAR and LEED.

Impact of COVID-19

The COVID-19 pandemic has caused severe disruptions in the U.S. and global economies and has had and is expected to continue to have an adverse impact on our financial condition and results of operations. This impact could be materially adverse to the extent that the current COVID-19 pandemic, or future pandemics, cause tenants to be unable to pay their rent or reduce the demand for commercial real estate. See “Item 1A. Risk Factors” and “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” for additional information.

Investment Objectives

Our investment objectives are to create shareholder value by increasing revenue from rental, dividend, interest and fee income and net gains from sales of properties and increase the cash available for distribution in the form of dividends to our stockholders. We expect that we will continue to derive real estate revenue from owned properties and Sponsored REIT Loans and fees from asset management, property management and investor services. We may also acquire additional real properties.

We may acquire, and have acquired, real properties in any geographic area of the United States and of any property type. We own 34 office properties that are located in 10 different states as of December 31, 2020, which consist of 32 operating properties and 2 redevelopment properties. See Item 2 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for more information about our properties.

From time to time, as market conditions warrant, we may sell properties owned by us. For example, we sold an office property located in Durham, North Carolina on December 23, 2020 with a sales price of approximately $89.7 million, at a gain of approximately $41.9 million. We did not sell any properties during 2019 or 2018.

In 2021, we determined that further debt reduction would provide greater financial flexibility and potentially increase shareholder value. Accordingly, we have adopted a strategy to dispose of certain properties in 2021 where we believe our valuation objective has been met. Pursuant to this strategy we anticipate dispositions in 2021 will result in estimated aggregate gross proceeds in the range of $350 million to $450 million. Proceeds from these potential dispositions would be used primarily for the repayment of debt.

We rely on the following principles in selecting real properties for acquisition by FSP Corp. and managing them after acquisition:

we seek to buy or develop investment properties at a price which produces value for investors and avoid overpaying for real estate merely to outbid competitors;
we seek to buy or develop properties in excellent locations with substantial infrastructure in place around them and avoid investing in locations where the future construction of such infrastructure is speculative;

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we seek to buy or develop properties that are well-constructed and designed to appeal to a broad base of users and avoid properties where quality has been sacrificed for cost savings in construction or which appeal only to a narrow group of users;
we aggressively manage, maintain and upgrade our properties and refuse to neglect or undercapitalize management, maintenance and capital improvement programs; and
we believe that we have the ability to hold properties through down cycles because we generally do not have mortgage debt on the Company, which could place the properties at risk of foreclosure. As of February 5, 2021, none of our owned properties were subject to mortgage debt.

Competition

With respect to our real estate investments, we face competition in each of the markets where our properties are located. In order to establish, maintain or increase the rental revenues for a property, it must be competitive on location, cost and amenities with other buildings of similar use. Some of our competitors may have significantly more resources than we do and may be able to offer more attractive rental rates or services. On the other hand, some of our competitors may be smaller or have less fixed overhead costs, less cash or other resources that make them willing or able to accept lower rents in order to maintain a certain occupancy level. In markets where there is not currently significant existing property competition, our competitors may decide to enter the market and build new buildings to compete with our existing projects or those in a development stage. Our competition is not only with other developers, but also with property users who choose to own their building or a portion of the building in the form of an office condominium. Competitive conditions are affected by larger market forces beyond our control, such as general economic conditions, which may increase competition among landlords for quality tenants, and individual decisions by tenants that are beyond our control.

Governmental Regulations

Under various federal, state and local laws, ordinances and regulations, we, as an owner or operator of real property may become liable for the costs of removal or remediation of certain hazardous substances released on or in our property. Such laws may impose liability without regard to whether the owner or operator knew of, or caused, the release of such hazardous substances. The presence of hazardous substances on a property may adversely affect the owner’s ability to sell such property or to borrow using such property as collateral, and it may cause the owner of the property to incur substantial remediation costs. In addition to claims for cleanup costs, the presence of hazardous substances on a property could result in the owner incurring substantial liabilities as a result of a claim by a private party for personal injury or a claim by an adjacent property owner for property damage.

All of our properties are required to comply with the Americans With Disabilities Act, or ADA, and the regulations, rules and orders that may be issued thereunder. The ADA has separate compliance requirements for “public accommodations” and “commercial facilities,” but generally requires that buildings be made accessible to persons with disabilities. Compliance with ADA requirements might require, among other things, removal of access barriers. Noncompliance with such requirements could result in the imposition of fines by the U.S. government or an award of damages to private litigants.

In addition, we are required to operate our properties in compliance with fire and safety regulations, building codes and other land use regulations, as they may be adopted by governmental agencies and bodies and become applicable to our properties. Compliance with such requirements may require us to make substantial capital expenditures, which expenditures would reduce cash otherwise available for distribution to our stockholders.

The provisions of the tax code governing the taxation of REITs are very technical and complex, and although we expect that we will be organized and will operate in a manner that will enable us to meet such requirements, no assurance can be given that we will always succeed in doing so. If in any taxable year we do not qualify as a REIT, we would be taxed as a corporation and distributions to our stockholders would not be deductible by us in computing our taxable income. In addition, if we were to fail to qualify as a REIT, we could be disqualified from treatment as a REIT in the year in which such failure occurred and for the next four taxable years and, consequently, we would be taxed as a regular corporation during such years. Failure to qualify for even one taxable year could result in a significant reduction

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of our cash available for distribution to our stockholders or could require us to incur indebtedness or liquidate investments in order to generate sufficient funds to pay the resulting federal income tax liabilities.

See “Item 1A. Risk Factors” and “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” for additional information.

Human Capital

We had 37 employees as of each of February 5, 2021 and December 31, 2020. Women represent 48.6% of our employees, of which 50.0% hold management level/leadership roles. We endeavor to maintain a workplace that is free from discrimination or harassment on the basis of color, race, sex, national origin, ethnicity, religion, age, disability, sexual orientation, gender identification or expression or any other status protected by applicable law. We regularly conduct training to prevent harassment and discrimination. The Company’s basis for recruitment, hiring, development, training, compensation and advancement of employees is qualifications, performance, skills and experience. Many of our employees have a long tenure with the Company. Our employees are compensated without regard to gender, race and ethnicity, and our compensation program is designed to attract and retain talent. During the COVID-19 pandemic, employees have been offered work-from-home flexibility to meet personal and family needs.

Available Information

We make available, free of charge through our website http://www.fspreit.com our annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file such material with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC.

We will voluntarily provide paper copies of our filings and code of ethics upon written request received at the address on the cover of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, free of charge.

Information about our Directors

The following table sets forth the names, ages and positions of all our directors as of February 5, 2021.

Name

    

Age

    

Position

 

George J. Carter (5)

 

72

 

Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board

John N. Burke (1) (2) (3) (5) (6)

 

59

 

Director

Brian N. Hansen (1) (2) (3) (4) (7)

 

49

 

Director

Kenneth Hoxsie (1) (3) (5) (8)

70

Director

Dennis J. McGillicuddy (1) (4)

 

79

 

Director

Georgia Murray (1) (2) (5) (9)

 

70

 

Director

Kathryn P. O'Neil (1) (2) (3) (5)

57

Director

(1)Member of the Audit Committee
(2)Member of the Compensation Committee
(3)Member of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee
(4)Term expiring at our 2022 Annual Meeting of Stockholders
(5)Term expiring at our 2021 Annual Meeting of Stockholders
(6)Chair of the Audit Committee
(7)Chair of the Compensation Committee
(8)Chair of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee
(9)Lead Independent Director

George J. Carter, age 72, is Chief Executive Officer and has been Chairman of the Board of Directors of FSP Corp. since 2002. Mr. Carter also was the President of FSP Corp. from 2002 to May 2016. Mr. Carter is responsible for all aspects of the business of FSP Corp. and its affiliates, with special emphasis on the evaluation,

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acquisition and structuring of real estate investments. Prior to the conversion, he was President of the general partner of the FSP Partnership and was responsible for all aspects of the business of the FSP Partnership and its affiliates. From 1992 through 1996 he was President of Boston Financial Securities, Inc. (“Boston Financial”). Prior to joining Boston Financial, Mr. Carter was owner and developer of Gloucester Dry Dock, a commercial shipyard in Gloucester, Massachusetts. From 1979 to 1988, Mr. Carter served as Managing Director in charge of marketing at First Winthrop Corporation, a national real estate and investment banking firm headquartered in Boston, Massachusetts. Prior to that, he held a number of positions in the brokerage industry including those with Merrill Lynch & Co. and Loeb Rhodes & Co. Mr. Carter is a graduate of the University of Miami (B.S.).

John N. Burke, age 59, has been a Director of FSP Corp. since 2004 and Chair of the Audit Committee since June 2004. Mr. Burke is a certified public accountant with over 30 years of experience in the practice of public accounting working with both private and publicly traded companies with extensive experience serving clients in the real estate and REIT industry. His experience includes analysis and evaluation of financial reporting, accounting systems, internal controls and audit matters. Mr. Burke has been involved as an advisor on several public offerings, private equity and debt financings and merger and acquisition transactions. Mr. Burke’s consulting experience includes a wide range of accounting, tax and business planning matters. Prior to starting his own firm in 2003, Mr. Burke was an Audit Partner in the Boston office of BDO USA, LLP. Mr. Burke is a member of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants and the Massachusetts Society of CPAs. Mr. Burke earned an M.S. in Taxation and studied undergraduate accounting at Bentley University.

Brian N. Hansen, age 49, has been a Director of FSP Corp. since 2012 and became Chair of the Compensation Committee in February 2021. Since 2007, Mr. Hansen has served as President and Chief Operating Officer of Confluence Investment Management LLC, a St. Louis based Registered Investment Advisor. Prior to founding Confluence in 2007, Mr. Hansen served as a Managing Director in A.G. Edwards’ Financial Institutions & Real Estate Investment Banking practice. While at A.G. Edwards, Mr. Hansen advised a wide variety of Real Estate Investment Trusts on numerous capital markets transactions, including public and private offerings of debt and equity securities as well as the analysis of various merger & acquisition opportunities. Prior to joining A.G. Edwards, Mr. Hansen served as a Manager in Arthur Andersen LLP’s Audit & Business Advisory practice. Mr. Hansen has served on the boards of a number of non-profit entities and currently serves on the Finance Council and as the Investment Committee Chair of the Archdiocese of St. Louis and as a member of the St. Louis County Retirement Board. Mr. Hansen earned his M.B.A. from the Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University and his Bachelor of Science in Commerce from DePaul University. Mr. Hansen is a Certified Public Accountant.

Kenneth A. Hoxsie, age 70, has been a Director of FSP Corp. since January 2016 and became Chair of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee in February 2021. Mr. Hoxsie was a Partner at the international law firm of Wilmer Cutler Pickering Hale and Dorr LLP (“WilmerHale”) until his retirement on December 31, 2015. He joined Hale and Dorr (the predecessor of WilmerHale) in 1981, subsequently worked at Copley Real Estate Advisors, an institutional real estate investment advisory firm, and rejoined Hale and Dorr in 1994. Mr. Hoxsie has over 30 years’ experience in real estate capital markets transactions, fund formation, public company counseling and mergers and acquisitions and has advised the Company since its formation in 1997. Mr. Hoxsie earned his J.D. (Cum Laude) from Harvard Law School, his M.A. from Harvard University and his B.A. (Summa Cum Laude) from Amherst College, where he was elected to Phi Beta Kappa.

Dennis J. McGillicuddy, age 79, has been a Director of FSP Corp. since May 2002. Mr. McGillicuddy graduated from the University of Florida with a B.A. degree and from the University of Florida Law School with a J.D. degree. In 1968, Mr. McGillicuddy joined Barry Silverstein in founding Coaxial Communications, a cable television company. In 1998 and 1999, Coaxial sold its cable systems. Mr. McGillicuddy has served on the boards of various charitable organizations. He is currently president of the Board of Trustees of Florida Studio Theater, a professional non-profit theater organization, and he serves as a Co-Chair, together with his wife, of Embracing Our Differences, an annual two-month long art exhibit that promotes the values of diversity and inclusion. Mr. McGillicuddy also is a director and Chief Executive Officer of All-Star Children’s Foundation, an organization engaged in creating a new paradigm for foster care.

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Georgia Murray, age 70, has been a Director of FSP Corp. since April 2005 and Lead Independent Director since February 2014. Ms. Murray is retired from Lend Lease Real Estate Investments, Inc., where she served as a Principal from November 1999 until May 2000. From 1973 through October 1999, Ms. Murray worked at The Boston Financial Group, Inc., serving as Senior Vice President and a Director at times during her tenure. Boston Financial was an affiliate of the Boston Financial Group, Inc. She is a past Trustee of the Urban Land Institute and a past President of the Multifamily Housing Institute. Ms. Murray previously served on the Board of Directors of Capital Crossing Bank. She also serves on the boards of numerous non-profit entities. Ms. Murray is a graduate of Newton College.

Kathryn P. O’Neil, age 57, has been a Director of FSP Corp. since January 2016. Ms. O’Neil was a Director at Bain Capital in the Investor Relations area where she focused on Private Equity and had oversight of the Investment Advisory sector from 2011 until her retirement in 2014. From 1999 to 2007, Ms. O’Neil was a Partner at FLAG Capital Management LLC, a manager of fund-of-funds investment vehicles in private equity, venture capital, real estate and natural resources. Previously, Ms. O’Neil was an Investment Consultant at Cambridge Associates where she specialized in Alternative Assets. Ms. O’Neil currently serves on a variety of non-profit boards, including the Peabody Essex Museum where she is a Director and a member of the Finance, Audit, and Investment Committees, Horizon’s for Homeless Children where she is a Director and serves on the Executive and Finance Committees, and the Trustees of Reservations where she serves on the President’s Council and was a member of the Investment Committee from 2006 to 2020. Ms. O’Neil is a Trustee Emeritus of Colby College and a former member of the Board of Overseers of the Boston Museum of Science. Ms. O’Neil holds a B.A. (Summa Cum Laude) and M.A. (Honorary) from Colby College where she was elected to Phi Beta Kappa. Ms. O’Neil received her M.B.A. from The Harvard Graduate School of Business Administration.

Information about our Executive Officers

The following table sets forth the names, ages and positions of all our executive officers as of February 5, 2021.

Name

    

Age

    

Position

George J. Carter (1)

 

72

 

Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board

Jeffrey B. Carter

 

49

 

President and Chief Investment Officer

Scott H. Carter

 

49

 

Executive Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary

John G. Demeritt

 

60

 

Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer

John F. Donahue

 

54

 

Executive Vice President

Eriel Anchondo

 

43

 

Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer

(1)Information about George J. Carter is set forth above. See “Directors of FSP Corp.”

Jeffrey B. Carter, age 49, is President and Chief Investment Officer of FSP Corp. Mr. Carter served as Executive Vice President and Chief Investment Officer from February 2012 until May 2016, when he was appointed as President in addition to his position as Chief Investment Officer. Previously, Mr. Carter served as Senior Vice President and Director of Acquisitions of FSP Corp. from 2005 to 2012 and as Vice President - Acquisitions from 2003 to 2005. Mr. Carter oversees the day-to-day execution of the Company’s strategic objectives and business plan. In addition, Mr. Carter is primarily responsible for developing and implementing the Company’s investment strategy, including coordination of acquisitions and dispositions. Prior to joining FSP Corp., Mr. Carter worked in Trust Administration for Northern Trust Bank in Miami, Florida. Mr. Carter is a graduate of Arizona State University (B.A.), The George Washington University (M.A.) and Cornell University (M.B.A.). Mr. Carter’s father, George J. Carter, serves as Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board of Directors of FSP Corp. and Mr. Carter’s brother, Scott H. Carter, serves as Executive Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary of FSP Corp.

Scott H. Carter, age 49, is Executive Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary of FSP Corp. Mr. Carter has served as General Counsel since February 2008. Mr. Carter joined FSP Corp. in October 2005 as Senior Vice President and In-house Counsel. Mr. Carter is primarily responsible for the management of all of the legal affairs of FSP Corp. and its affiliates. Prior to joining FSP Corp. in October 2005, Mr. Carter was associated with the law firm of Nixon Peabody LLP, which he originally joined in 1999. At Nixon Peabody LLP, Mr. Carter concentrated his practice on the areas of real estate syndication, acquisitions and finance. Mr. Carter received a Bachelor of Business

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Administration (B.B.A.) degree in Finance and Marketing and a Juris Doctor (J.D.) degree from the University of Miami. Mr. Carter is admitted to practice law in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Mr. Carter’s father, George J. Carter, serves as Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board of Directors of FSP Corp. and Mr. Carter’s brother, Jeffrey B. Carter, serves as President and Chief Investment Officer of FSP Corp.

John G. Demeritt, age 60, is Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer of FSP Corp. and has been Chief Financial Officer since March 2005. Mr. Demeritt previously served as Senior Vice President, Finance and Principal Accounting Officer from September 2004 to March 2005. Prior to September 2004, Mr. Demeritt was a Manager with Caturano & Company, an independent accounting firm (which later merged with McGladrey) where he focused on Sarbanes Oxley compliance. Previously, from March 2002 to March 2004 he provided consulting services to public and private companies where he focused on SEC filings, evaluation of business processes and acquisition integration. During 2001 and 2002 he was Vice President of Financial Planning & Analysis at Cabot Industrial Trust, a publicly traded real estate investment trust, which was acquired by CalWest in December 2001. From October 1995 to December 2000 he was Controller and Officer of The Meditrust Companies, a publicly traded real estate investment trust (formerly known as The La Quinta Companies, which was then acquired by the Blackstone Group), where he was involved with a number of merger and financing transactions. Prior to that, from 1986 to 1995 he had financial and accounting responsibilities at three other public companies, and was previously associated with Laventhol & Horwath, an independent accounting firm from 1983 to 1986. Mr. Demeritt is a Certified Public Accountant and holds a Bachelor of Science degree from Babson College.

John F. Donahue, age 54, is Executive Vice President of FSP Corp. and President of FSP Property Management LLC and has held those positions since May 2016. Mr. Donahue is primarily responsible for the oversight of the management of all of the real estate assets of FSP Corp. and its affiliates. Mr. Donahue joined FSP Corp. in August 2001 as Vice President of FSP Property Management LLC. From 2001 to May 2016, Mr. Donahue was responsible for the management of real estate assets of FSP Corp. and its affiliates. From 1992 to 2001, Mr. Donahue worked in the pension fund advisory business for GE Capital and AEW Capital Management with oversight of office, research and development, industrial and land investments. From 1989 to 1992, Mr. Donahue worked for Krupp Realty in various accounting and finance roles. Mr. Donahue holds a Bachelor of Science in Business Administration degree from Bryant College.

Eriel Anchondo, age 43, is Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer of FSP Corp. and has held those positions since May 2016. Mr. Anchondo joined FSP Corp. in 2015 as Senior Vice President of Operations. Mr. Anchondo is responsible for ensuring that the Company has the proper operational controls, administrative and reporting procedures, and people systems and infrastructure in place to effectively grow the organization and maintain financial strength and operating efficiency. Prior to joining FSP Corp., from July 2014 to December 2014, Mr. Anchondo provided consulting services to the retail banking division of ISBAN, which is part of the Technology and Operations division of the Santander Group of financial institutions. From May 2007 to July 2013, Mr. Anchondo was employed by Mercer, a global consulting leader in talent, health, retirement, and investments, as an Employee Education Manager across all lines of Mercer’s business. From May 2005 to May 2007, Mr. Anchondo was a Communications Consultant at New York Life Investment Management. From December 2002 to May 2005, Mr. Anchondo worked in the Preferred Client Services Group at Putnam Investments. Mr. Anchondo is a graduate of Boston University (B.A.) and Cornell University (M.B.A.).

Each of the above executive officers has been a full-time employee of FSP Corp. for the past five fiscal years.

Item 1A.Risk Factors

The following material factors, among others, could cause actual results to differ materially from those indicated by forward-looking statements made in this Annual Report on Form 10-K and presented elsewhere by management from time-to-time.

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Risks Related to the COVID-19 Pandemic

The COVID-19 pandemic has caused severe disruptions in the U.S. and global economies and has had and is expected to continue to have an adverse impact on our financial condition and results of operations. This impact could be materially adverse to the extent that the current COVID-19 pandemic, or future pandemics, cause tenants to be unable to pay their rent or reduce the demand for commercial real estate, or cause other impacts described below.

The COVID-19 pandemic in many countries, including the United States, continues to adversely impact global economic activity and has contributed to significant volatility and negative pressure in financial markets. The global impact of the pandemic has been evolving and many countries, including the United States, have reacted by instituting quarantines and restrictions on travel.

Many U.S. cities and states, including cities and states where our properties are located, have also reacted by instituting quarantines, restrictions on travel, restrictions on types of business that may continue to operate, and/or restrictions on types of construction projects that may continue. There can be no assurances as to the length of time these restrictions will remain in place.

The effects of the COVID-19 pandemic or another future pandemic could further adversely affect us and/or our tenants due to, among other factors:

the unavailability of personnel, including our executive officers and other leaders that are part of our management team, and the inability to recruit, attract and retain skilled personnel;

difficulty accessing debt and equity capital on attractive terms, or at all—a severe disruption and instability in the global financial markets or deteriorations in credit and financing conditions may affect our and our tenants’ ability to access capital necessary to fund business operations or replace or renew maturing liabilities on a timely basis on attractive terms, and may adversely affect the valuation of financial assets and liabilities, any of which could affect our ability to meet liquidity and capital expenditure requirements or have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows;

an inability to operate in affected areas, or delays in the supply of products or services from the vendors that are needed to operate effectively, including without limitation, the ability to complete construction on time and on budget;

a reduction in demand for oil as a result of decreased economic activity and travel restrictions which, if sustained, could have an adverse impact on occupancy and rental rates in the markets where we own properties, including energy-influenced markets such as Dallas, Denver and Houston, where we have a significant concentration of properties;

tenants’ inability to pay rent on their leases or our inability to re-lease space that is or becomes vacant, which inability, if extreme, could cause us to: (i) no longer be able to maintain our current level of dividends in order to preserve liquidity and (ii) be unable to meet our debt obligations to lenders, and/or be unable to meet debt covenants, either of which could trigger a default or defaults and cause us to have to sell properties or refinance debt on unattractive terms; and

our inability to maintain an investment grade corporate credit rating could lead to increased borrowing costs and adversely affect our access to funding sources and the terms of any available funding sources.

The COVID-19 pandemic has adversely impacted our properties and operating results and will continue to do so to the extent it reduces occupancy, increases the cost of operation, results in limited hours, results in decreased rental receipts, results in increased borrowings or necessitates the closure of such properties. In addition, quarantines, states of

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emergencies and other measures taken to curb the spread of COVID-19 may negatively impact the ability of our properties to continue to obtain necessary goods and services or provide adequate staffing, which may also adversely affect our properties and operating results.

Some of our existing tenants and potential tenants operate in industries that are being adversely affected by the disruption to business caused by this pandemic. Tenants have been, and may in the future be, required to suspend operations at our properties for extended periods of time. For example, some of our retail tenants have been, and may continue to be, closed for an extended period of time or only open certain hours of the day. Some of our tenants have requested rent concessions and more tenants may request rent concessions or may not pay rent in the future. This could lead to increased rent delinquencies and/or defaults under leases, a lower demand for rentable space leading to increased concessions or lower occupancy, increased tenant improvement capital expenditures, or reduced rental rates to maintain occupancies. For example, on December 21, 2020, the parent company of a tenant that leases approximately 130,000 square feet filed a voluntary petition for relief under Chapter 11 of the United States Bankruptcy Code resulting in a writeoff charge of $3.1 million. Our operations could be materially negatively affected if the economic downturn is prolonged, which could adversely affect our operating results, ability to pay dividends, our ability to repay or refinance our existing indebtedness, and the price of our common stock.

The continuing evolution of this situation precludes any prediction as to the ultimate impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. The full extent of the impact and effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on our future financial performance, as a whole, and, specifically, on our real estate property holdings are uncertain at this time. The impact will depend on the effectiveness of vaccines and therapeutics and future developments, including, among other factors, the duration and spread of the pandemic, along with related travel advisories and restrictions, and the uncertainty with respect to the duration of the global economic slowdown. COVID-19 and the current financial, economic and capital markets environment, and future developments in these and other areas present uncertainty and risk with respect to our performance, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, and the price of our common stock.

Risks Related to our Indebtedness

If a Sponsored REIT defaults on a Sponsored REIT Loan, we may be required to request additional draws, keep balances outstanding on our existing debt, exercise any maturity date extension rights, seek new debt or use our cash balance to repay our existing debt, which may reduce cash available for distribution to our stockholders or for other corporate purposes.

From time-to-time, we may make secured loans to Sponsored REITs in the form of mortgage loans or revolving lines of credit to fund construction costs, capital expenditures, leasing costs and for other purposes. We refer to these loans as Sponsored REIT Loans. We anticipate that each Sponsored REIT Loan will be repaid at maturity or earlier from long term financing of the property securing the loan, cash flows from that underlying property or some other capital event. If a Sponsored REIT defaults on a Sponsored REIT Loan, the Sponsored REIT could be unable to fully repay the Sponsored REIT Loan and we may have to satisfy our obligations under our existing debt through other means, including without limitation, requesting additional draws, keeping balances outstanding, exercising any maturity date extension rights, seeking new debt, and/or using our cash balance. If that happens, we may have less cash available for distribution to our stockholders or for other corporate purposes.

Our operating results and financial condition could be adversely affected if we are unable to refinance the BAML Credit Facility, the BMO Term Loan, the JPM Term Loan, the Series A Notes or the Series B Notes.

There can be no assurance that we will be able to refinance the revolving line of credit portion of the BAML Credit Facility (as defined in Note 4 to the Consolidated Financial Statements) upon its maturity on January 12, 2022 (subject to two six month extension options that may extend the maturity date to up to January 12, 2023), the term loan portion of the BAML Credit Facility upon its maturity on January 12, 2023, the BMO Term Loan (as defined in Note 4 to the Consolidated Financial Statements) upon its maturities on November 30, 2021 and January 31, 2024, the JPM Term Loan (as defined in Note 4 to the Consolidated Financial Statements) upon its maturity on November 30, 2021 (subject to two six month options that may extend the maturity date to up to November 30, 2022), the Series A Notes (as defined in Note 4 to the Consolidated Financial Statements) upon their maturity on December 20, 2024 or the Series B

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Notes (as defined in Note 4 to the Consolidated Financial Statements) upon their maturity on December 20, 2027, that any such refinancings would be on terms as favorable as the terms of the BAML Credit Facility, the BMO Term Loan, the JPM Term Loan, the Series A Notes, or the Series B Notes, or that we will be able to otherwise obtain funds by selling assets or raising equity to make required payments on the BAML Credit Facility, the BMO Term Loan, the JPM Term Loan, the Series A Notes or the Series B Notes. If we are unable to refinance the BAML Credit Facility, the BMO Term Loan, the JPM Term Loan, the Series A Notes or the Series B Notes at maturity or meet our payment obligations, the amount of our distributable cash flow and our financial condition would be adversely affected.

Failure to comply with covenants in the documents evidencing the BAML Credit Facility, the BMO Term Loan, the JPM Term Loan, the Series A Notes or the Series B Notes could adversely affect our financial condition.

The documents evidencing the BAML Credit Facility, the BMO Term Loan, the JPM Term Loan, the Series A Notes and the Series B Notes contain customary affirmative and negative covenants, including limitations with respect to indebtedness, liens, investments, mergers and acquisitions, disposition of assets, changes in business, certain restricted payments, the requirement to have subsidiaries provide a guaranty in the event that they incur recourse indebtedness and transactions with affiliates. The documents evidencing the BAML Credit Facility, the BMO Term Loan, the JPM Term Loan, the Series A Notes and the Series B Notes contain some or all of the following financial covenants: minimum tangible net worth; maximum leverage ratio; maximum secured leverage ratio; minimum fixed charge coverage ratio; maximum unencumbered leverage ratio; and minimum unsecured interest coverage. Our continued ability to borrow under the BAML Credit Facility, the BMO Term Loan, and the JPM Term Loan is subject to compliance with our financial and other covenants. Failure to comply with such covenants could cause a default under the BAML Credit Facility, the BMO Term Loan, the JPM Term Loan, the Series A Notes or the Series B Notes, and we may then be required to repay them with capital from other sources. Under those circumstances, other sources of capital may not be available to us, or be available only on unattractive terms.

We may use the BAML Credit Facility, the BMO Term Loan, and the JPM Term Loan to finance the acquisition of real properties and for other permitted investments, to finance investments associated with Sponsored REITs, to refinance or retire indebtedness and for working capital and other general business purposes, in each case to the extent permitted under the respective documents. If we breach covenants in the documents evidencing the BAML Credit Facility, the BMO Term Loan, the JPM Term Loan, the Series A Notes or the Series B Notes, the lenders can declare a default. A default under documents evidencing the BAML Credit Facility, the BMO Term Loan, the JPM Term Loan, the Series A Notes, or the Series B Notes could result in difficulty financing growth in our business and could also result in a reduction in the cash available for distribution to our stockholders or for other corporate purposes. A default under documents evidencing the BAML Credit Facility, the BMO Term Loan, the JPM Term Loan, the Series A Notes or the Series B Notes could materially and adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.

An increase in interest rates would increase our interest costs on variable rate debt and could adversely impact our ability to refinance existing debt or sell assets.

As of December 31, 2020, we had $3.5 million of borrowings under the revolving line of credit portion of our BAML Credit Facility that bears interest at variable rates based on our credit rating, from which we may incur indebtedness in the future. Borrowings under the revolving line of credit portion of our BAML Credit Facility may not exceed $600 million outstanding at any time. As of December 31, 2020, $400 million was drawn and outstanding under the term loan portion of our BAML Credit Facility. The BAML Credit Facility includes an accordion feature that allows for an aggregate amount of up to $500 million of additional borrowing capacity. On July 22, 2016, we fixed the base LIBOR rate on the term loan portion of the BAML Credit Facility at 1.12% until September 27, 2021 by entering into an interest rate swap agreement.

As of December 31, 2020, $220 million was drawn and outstanding under the BMO Term Loan, although such amount may be increased by up to an additional $100 million through the exercise of an accordion feature. The BMO Term Loan consists of a $55 million tranche A term loan and a $165 million tranche B term loan. On August 26, 2013, we fixed the base LIBOR rate on the BMO Term Loan at 2.32% per annum until August 26, 2020 by entering into an interest rate swap agreement. On February 20, 2019, we fixed the base LIBOR rate on the BMO Term Loan at 2.39%

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per annum for the period beginning August 26, 2020 and ending on January 31, 2024, by entering into interest rate swap agreements.

On December 24, 2020, we repaid $50 million of our JPM Term Loan. As of December 31, 2020, $100 million was drawn and outstanding under the JPM Term Loan. The JPM Term Loan bears interest at variable rates based on our credit rating. Effective March 29, 2019, we fixed the LIBOR-based rate at 2.44% per annum on the $100 million portion of the JPM Term Loan until November 30, 2021, by entering into interest rate swap agreements.

In the future, if interest rates increase, then the interest costs on our unhedged variable rate debt will also increase, which could adversely affect our cash flow, our ability to pay principal and interest on our debt and our ability to make distributions to stockholders. In addition, rising interest rates could limit our ability to incur new debt or to refinance existing debt when it matures. From time to time, we may enter into additional interest rate swap agreements and other interest rate hedging contracts, including swaps, caps and floors. While these agreements are intended to lessen the impact of rising interest rates on us, they also expose us to the risks that the other parties to the agreements will not perform, we could incur significant costs associated with the settlement of the agreements, the agreements will be unenforceable and the underlying transactions will fail to qualify as highly-effective cash flow hedges. In addition, an increase in interest rates could decrease the amount third parties are willing to pay for our assets, thereby limiting our ability to change our portfolio promptly in response to changes in economic or other conditions.

Changes to and replacement of the LIBOR benchmark interest rate could adversely affect our business, financial results and operation.

We may be adversely affected by the expected discontinuance of LIBOR. In July 2017, the United Kingdom Financial Conduct Authority (the regulatory authority over LIBOR) announced that it will plan for a phase out of regulatory oversight of LIBOR interest rate indices after 2021 to allow for an orderly transition to an alternate reference rate. However, the ICE Benchmark Administration, in its capacity as administrator of USD LIBOR, has announced that it intends to extend publication of USD LIBOR (other than one-week and two-week tenors) to June 2023. At this time, no consensus exists as to what rate or rates may become acceptable alternatives to LIBOR and it is impossible to predict the effect of any such alternatives on the value of LIBOR-based securities and variable rate loans, or other securities or financial arrangements, given LIBOR’s role in determining market interest rates globally. The Alternative Reference Rates Committee (ARRC), a group of private-market participants assembled by the Federal Reserve Board and the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, has proposed that the Secured Overnight Financing Rate (SOFR) is the rate that represents best practice as the alternative to LIBOR for derivatives and other financial contracts that are currently indexed to LIBOR. The ARRC has proposed a market transition plan to SOFR from LIBOR and organizations are currently working on transition plans as it relates to derivatives and cash markets exposed to LIBOR. We are evaluating the potential impact of the eventual replacement of the LIBOR benchmark interest rate, including the possibility of SOFR as the dominant replacement in the United States. In addition, other benchmarks may emerge or other rates may be adopted outside of the United States. Although the full impact of the transition away from LIBOR, including the discontinuance of LIBOR publication and the adoption of a replacement rate for LIBOR, remains unclear, these changes may have an adverse impact on our financing costs with respect to any floating rate indebtedness.

Downgrades in our credit ratings could increase our borrowing costs or reduce our access to funding sources in the credit and capital markets.

We are currently assigned a corporate credit rating from Moody’s Investors Service, Inc. (“Moody’s”) based on its evaluation of our creditworthiness. Although our corporate credit rating from Moody’s is currently investment grade, there can be no assurance that we will not be downgraded or that our rating will remain investment grade. If our credit rating is downgraded or other negative action is taken, we could be required, among other things, to pay additional interest and fees under the BAML Credit Facility, the BMO Term Loan, the JPM Term Loan, the Series A Notes and the Series B Notes.

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Credit rating reductions by one or more rating agencies could also adversely affect our access to funding sources, the cost and other terms of obtaining funding as well as our overall financial condition, operating results and cash flow.

Risks Related to our Operations and Properties

Economic conditions in the United States could have a material adverse impact on our earnings and financial condition.

The economy in the United States is currently in an economic downturn with recessionary concerns as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. Because economic conditions in the United States may affect the demand for office space, real estate values, occupancy levels and property income, current and future economic conditions in the United States could have a material adverse impact on our earnings and financial condition. Economic conditions may be affected by numerous factors, including but not limited to, the pace of economic growth and/or recessionary concerns, inflation, increases in the levels of unemployment, energy prices, changes in currency exchange rates, uncertainty about government fiscal and tax policy, geopolitical events, the regulatory environment, the availability of credit and interest rates. As of the date of this report, the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and related fallout from containment and mitigation measures, such as work from home arrangements and the closing of various businesses, is adversely affecting current economic conditions in the United States and the demand for office space. Future economic factors also may negatively affect the demand for office space, real estate values, occupancy levels and property income.

If we are not able to collect sufficient rents from each of our owned real properties, or investments in Sponsored REITs, or collect interest on Sponsored REIT Loans we fund, we may suffer significant operating losses or a reduction in cash available for future dividends.

A substantial portion of our revenue is generated by the rental income of our real properties and investments in Sponsored REITs. If our properties do not provide us with a steady rental income or we do not collect interest income from Sponsored REIT Loans we fund, our revenues will decrease, which may cause us to incur operating losses in the future and reduce the cash available for distribution to our stockholders.

We may not be able to dispose of properties on acceptable terms or within the time periods we anticipate pursuant to our disposition strategy.

We have adopted a strategy to dispose of certain properties in 2021 where we believe our valuation objective has been met and to use the proceeds from such dispositions to repay indebtedness. We may not be able to dispose of properties at acceptable prices or otherwise on anticipated terms and conditions with the time periods contemplated by our disposition strategy, which would adversely affect our ability to repay indebtedness and impair our financial flexibility.

We may not be able to identify properties that meet our criteria for purchase.

Growth in our portfolio of real estate is dependent on the ability of our acquisition executives to identify properties for sale and/or development which meet the applicable investment criteria. To the extent they fail to identify such properties, we would be unable to increase the size of our portfolio of real estate, which could reduce the cash otherwise available for distribution to our stockholders.

We are dependent on key personnel.

We depend on the efforts of George J. Carter, our Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board of Directors; Jeffrey B. Carter, our President and Chief Investment Officer; Scott H. Carter, our General Counsel, Secretary and an Executive Vice President; John G. Demeritt, our Chief Financial Officer, Treasurer and an Executive Vice President; John F. Donahue, our President of FSP Property Management LLC and an Executive Vice President; and Eriel Anchondo, our Chief Operating Officer and an Executive Vice President. If any of our executive officers were to resign, our operations could be adversely affected. We do not have employment agreements with any of our executive officers.

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We face risks from tenant defaults or bankruptcies.

If any of our tenants defaults on its lease, we may experience delays in enforcing our rights as a landlord and may incur substantial costs in protecting our investment. In addition, at any time, a tenant of one of our properties may seek the protection of bankruptcy laws, which could result in the rejection and termination of such tenant’s lease and thereby cause a reduction in cash available for distribution to our stockholders. For example, on December 21, 2020, the parent company of a tenant that leases approximately 130,000 square feet filed a voluntary petition for relief under Chapter 11 of the United States Bankruptcy Code resulting in a writeoff charge of $3.1 million.

New acquisitions may fail to perform as expected.

We may fund the acquisition of new properties with cash, by drawing on the revolving line of credit portion of our BAML Credit Facility, by assuming existing indebtedness, by entering into new indebtedness, by issuing debt securities, by issuing shares of our stock or by other means. Our acquisition activities are subject to the following risks:

acquired properties may fail to perform as expected;
the actual costs of repositioning, redeveloping or maintaining acquired properties may be greater than our estimates; and
we may be unable to quickly and efficiently integrate new acquisitions into our existing operations, and this could have an adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition.

We face risks in owning, developing, redeveloping and operating real property.

An investment in us is subject to the risks incidental to the ownership, development, redevelopment and operation of real estate-related assets. These risks include the fact that real estate investments are generally illiquid, which may affect our ability to vary our portfolio in response to changes in economic and other conditions, as well as the risks normally associated with:

changes in general and local economic conditions;
the supply or demand for particular types of properties in particular markets;
changes in market rental rates;
the impact of environmental protection laws;
changes in tax, real estate and zoning laws; and
the impact of obligations and restrictions contained in title-related documents.

Certain significant costs, such as real estate taxes, utilities, insurance and maintenance costs, generally are not reduced even when a property’s rental income is reduced. In addition, environmental and tax laws, interest rate levels, the availability of financing and other factors may affect real estate values and property income. Furthermore, the supply of commercial space fluctuates with market conditions.

We may encounter significant delays in reletting vacant space, resulting in losses of income.

When leases expire, we may incur expenses and may not be able to re-lease the space on the same terms. While we cannot predict when existing vacant space in properties will be leased, if existing tenants with expiring leases will renew their leases or what the terms and conditions of the lease renewals will be, we expect to renew or sign new leases at current market rates for locations in which the buildings are located, which in some cases may be below the expiring rates. Certain leases provide tenants the right to terminate early if they pay a fee. If we are unable to re-lease space promptly, if the terms are significantly less favorable than anticipated or if the costs are higher, we may have to reduce distributions to our stockholders. Typical lease terms range from five to ten years, so up to approximately 20% of our rental revenue from commercial properties could be expected to expire each year.

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We face risks of tenant-type concentration.

As of December 31, 2020, approximately 14%, 13%, 11% and 10% of our tenants as a percentage of the total rentable square feet operated in the information technology and computer services industry, the energy services industry, the non-legal professional services industry and the legal services industry, respectively. An economic downturn in these or any industry in which a high concentration of our tenants operate or in which a significant number of our tenants currently or may in the future operate, could negatively impact the financial condition of such tenants and cause them to fail to make timely rental payments or default on lease obligations, fail to renew their leases or renew their leases on terms less favorable to us, become bankrupt or insolvent, or otherwise become unable to satisfy their obligations to us, which could adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.

We face risks from geographic concentration.

The properties in our portfolio as of December 31, 2020, by aggregate square footage, are distributed geographically as follows: South — 47.6%, West — 27.1%, Midwest — 17.5% and East — 7.8%. However, within certain of those regions, we hold a larger concentration of our properties in Greater Denver, Colorado — 27.1%, Atlanta, Georgia — 20.4%, Houston, Texas — 12.3% and Dallas, Texas — 12.7%. We are likely to face risks to the extent that any of these areas in which we hold a larger concentration of our properties suffer deteriorating economic conditions. Given the fact that the Dallas, Denver and Houston metropolitan areas have a significant presence in the energy sector, a prolonged period of low oil or natural gas prices, or other factors negatively impacting the energy industry, could have an adverse impact on our ability to maintain the occupancy of our properties in those areas or could cause us to lease space at rates below current in-place rents, or at rates below the rates we have leased space in those areas in the prior year. In addition, factors negatively impacting the energy industry could reduce the market values of our properties in those areas, which could reduce our net asset value and adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations, or cause a decline in the value of our common stock.

We compete with national, regional and local real estate operators and developers, which could adversely affect our cash flow.

Competition exists in every market in which our properties are currently located and in every market in which properties we may acquire in the future will be located. We compete with, among others, national, regional and numerous local real estate operators and developers. Such competition may adversely affect the percentage of leased space and the rental revenues of our properties, which could adversely affect our cash flow from operations and our ability to make expected distributions to our stockholders. Some of our competitors may have more resources than we do or other competitive advantages. Competition may be accelerated by any increase in availability of funds for investment in real estate. For example, decreases in interest rates tend to increase the availability of funds and therefore can increase competition. To the extent that our properties continue to operate profitably, this will likely stimulate new development of competing properties. The extent to which we are affected by competition will depend in significant part on both local market conditions and national and global economic conditions.

We face possible risks associated with the physical effects of climate change. 

               The physical effects of climate change could have a material adverse effect on our properties, operations and business. For example, climate change could increase utility and other costs of operating our properties, including increased costs for energy, water, insurance, regulatory compliance and other supply chain materials, which if not offset by rising rental income and/or paid by tenants, could have a material adverse effect on our properties, operations and business. We are also subject to climate change induced severe storm hazards, which to the extent not covered by insurance, could result in significant capital expenditures. Over time, the physical effects of climate change could result in declining demand for office space in our buildings or our inability to operate the buildings at all.

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Security breaches and other disruptions could compromise our information and expose us to liability, which could cause our business and reputation to suffer.

In the ordinary course of our business, we collect and store sensitive data concerning investors in the Sponsored REITS, tenants and vendors. Although we have taken steps to protect the security of our information technology systems and the data maintained in those systems, such systems and infrastructure may be vulnerable to attacks by hackers, computer viruses or ransomware, or breaches due to employee error, malfeasance, impersonization of authorized users or other disruptions. Any such breach or attack could compromise our networks and the information stored there could be accessed, publicly disclosed, lost or stolen. Because the techniques used to obtain unauthorized access, disable or degrade service, or sabotage systems change frequently and continuously become more sophisticated, often are not recognized until launched against a target and may be difficult to detect for a long time, we may be unable to anticipate these techniques or to implement adequate preventive or detective measures. Any unauthorized access, disclosure or other loss of information could result in significant financial exposure, including significant costs to remediate possible injury to the affected parties. We may also be subject to sanctions and civil or criminal penalties if we are found to be in violation of the privacy or security rules under laws protecting confidential information. Any failure to maintain proper functionality and security of our information systems could interrupt our operations, damage our reputation, subject us to liability claims or regulatory penalties and could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, cash flows and results of operations.

Actual or threatened terrorist attacks may adversely affect our ability to generate revenues and the value of our properties.

We have significant investments in markets that may be the targets of actual or threatened terrorism attacks in the future. As a result, some tenants in these markets may choose to relocate their businesses to other markets or to lower-profile office buildings within these markets that may be perceived to be less likely targets of future terrorist activity. This could result in an overall decrease in the demand for office space in these markets generally or in our properties in particular, which could increase vacancies in our properties or necessitate that we lease our properties on less favorable terms or both. In addition, future terrorist attacks in these markets could directly or indirectly damage our properties, both physically and financially, or cause losses that materially exceed our insurance coverage. As a result of the foregoing, our ability to generate revenues and the value of our properties could decline materially. See also “We may lose capital investment or anticipated profits if an uninsured event occurs.

We may lose capital investment or anticipated profits if an uninsured event occurs.

We carry, or our tenants carry, comprehensive liability, fire and extended coverage with respect to each of our properties, with policy specification and insured limits customarily carried for similar properties. There are, however, certain types of losses that may be either uninsurable or not economically insurable. Should an uninsured material loss occur, we could lose both capital invested in the property and anticipated profits.

Risks Related to Legal and Regulatory Matters

We are subject to possible liability relating to environmental matters, and we cannot assure you that we have identified all possible liabilities.

Under various federal, state and local laws, ordinances and regulations, we, as an owner or operator of real property may become liable for the costs of removal or remediation of certain hazardous substances released on or in our property. Such laws may impose liability without regard to whether the owner or operator knew of, or caused, the release of such hazardous substances. The presence of hazardous substances on a property may adversely affect the owner’s ability to sell such property or to borrow using such property as collateral, and it may cause the owner of the property to incur substantial remediation costs. In addition to claims for cleanup costs, the presence of hazardous substances on a property could result in the owner incurring substantial liabilities as a result of a claim by a private party for personal injury or a claim by an adjacent property owner for property damage.

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In addition, we cannot assure you that:

future laws, ordinances or regulations will not impose any material environmental liability;
the current environmental conditions of our properties will not be affected by the condition of properties in the vicinity of such properties (such as the presence of leaking underground storage tanks) or by third parties unrelated to us;
tenants will not violate their leases by introducing hazardous or toxic substances into our properties that could expose us to liability under federal or state environmental laws; or
environmental conditions, such as the growth of bacteria and toxic mold in heating and ventilation systems or on walls, will not occur at our properties and pose a threat to human health.

We are subject to compliance with the Americans With Disabilities Act and fire and safety regulations, any of which could require us to make significant capital expenditures.

All of our properties are required to comply with the Americans With Disabilities Act, or ADA, and the regulations, rules and orders that may be issued thereunder. The ADA has separate compliance requirements for “public accommodations” and “commercial facilities,” but generally requires that buildings be made accessible to persons with disabilities. Compliance with ADA requirements might require, among other things, removal of access barriers. Noncompliance with such requirements could result in the imposition of fines by the U.S. government or an award of damages to private litigants.

In addition, we are required to operate our properties in compliance with fire and safety regulations, building codes and other land use regulations, as they may be adopted by governmental agencies and bodies and become applicable to our properties. Compliance with such requirements may require us to make substantial capital expenditures, which expenditures would reduce cash otherwise available for distribution to our stockholders.

We face risks associated with our tenants being designated “Prohibited Persons” by the Office of Foreign Assets Control.

Pursuant to Executive Order 13224 and other laws, the Office of Foreign Assets Control of the United States Department of the Treasury, or OFAC, maintains a list of persons designated as terrorists or who are otherwise blocked or banned, which we refer to as Prohibited Persons. OFAC regulations and other laws prohibit conducting business or engaging in transactions with Prohibited Persons, or collectively, the “OFAC Requirements”. Our current leases and certain other agreements require the other party to comply with the OFAC Requirements. If a tenant or other party with whom we contract is placed on the OFAC list, we may be required by the OFAC Requirements to terminate the lease or other agreement. Any such termination could result in a loss of revenue or a damage claim by the other party that the termination was wrongful.

Risks Related to our Common Stock

Our level of dividends may fluctuate.

Because our real estate occupancy levels and rental rates can fluctuate, there is no predictable recurring level of revenue from such activities and changes in interest rates or in the mix of our fixed and variable rate debt can cause our interest costs to fluctuate. As a result of these fluctuations, the amount of cash available for distribution to our stockholders may fluctuate, which may result in our not being able to maintain or grow dividend levels in the future.

The real properties held by us may significantly decrease in value.

As of December 31, 2020, we owned 34 properties, consisting of 32 operating properties and 2 redevelopment properties. Some or all of these properties may decline in value. To the extent our real properties decline in value, our stockholders could lose some or all of the value of their investments. The value of our common stock may be adversely affected if the real properties held by us decline in value since these real properties represent the majority of the tangible assets held by us. Moreover, if we are forced to sell or lease the real property held by us below its initial purchase price

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or its carrying costs, respectively, or if we are forced to lease real property at below market rates because of the condition of the property, our results of operations would be adversely affected and such negative results of operations may result in lower dividends being paid to holders of our common stock.

Further issuances of equity securities may be dilutive to current stockholders.

The interests of our existing stockholders could be diluted if we issue additional equity securities to finance future acquisitions, repay indebtedness or to fund other general corporate purposes. Our ability to execute our business strategy depends on our access to an appropriate blend of debt financing, including unsecured lines of credit and other forms of secured and unsecured debt, and equity financing.

The price of our common stock may vary.

The market prices for our common stock may fluctuate with changes in market and economic conditions, including the market perception of real estate investment trusts, or REITs, in general, and changes in our financial condition and results of operations. Such fluctuations may depress the market price of our common stock independent of the financial performance of FSP Corp. The market conditions for REIT stocks generally could affect the market price of our common stock.

Risks Related to our Organization and Structure

Our employee retention plan may prevent changes in control.

During February 2006, our Board of Directors approved a change in control plan, which included a form of retention agreement and discretionary payment plan. Payments under the discretionary plan are capped at 1% of the market capitalization of FSP Corp. as reduced by the amount paid under the retention plan. The costs associated with these two components of the plan may have the effect of discouraging a third party from making an acquisition proposal for us and may thereby inhibit a change in control under circumstances that could otherwise give the holders of our common stock the opportunity to realize a greater premium over the then-prevailing market prices.

We would incur adverse tax consequences if we failed to qualify as a REIT.

The provisions of the tax code governing the taxation of REITs are very technical and complex, and although we expect that we will be organized and will operate in a manner that will enable us to meet such requirements, no assurance can be given that we will always succeed in doing so. In addition, as a result of our past acquisition of certain Sponsored REITs by merger, which we refer to as target REITs, we might no longer qualify as a REIT. We could lose our ability to so qualify for a variety of reasons relating to the nature of the assets acquired from the target REITs, the identity of the stockholders of the target REITs who become our stockholders or the failure of one or more of the target REITs to have previously qualified as a REIT. Moreover, if one or more of the target REITs that we acquired in May 2008, April 2006, April 2005 or June 2003 did not qualify as a REIT immediately prior to the consummation of its acquisition, we could be disqualified as a REIT as a result of such acquisition.

If in any taxable year we do not qualify as a REIT, we would be taxed as a corporation and distributions to our stockholders would not be deductible by us in computing our taxable income. In addition, if we were to fail to qualify as a REIT, we could be disqualified from treatment as a REIT in the year in which such failure occurred and for the next four taxable years and, consequently, we would be taxed as a regular corporation during such years. Failure to qualify for even one taxable year could result in a significant reduction of our cash available for distribution to our stockholders or could require us to incur indebtedness or liquidate investments in order to generate sufficient funds to pay the resulting federal income tax liabilities.

Provisions in our organizational documents may prevent changes in control.

Our Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws contain provisions, described below, which may have the effect of discouraging a third party from making an acquisition proposal for us and may thereby inhibit a change of control under

17

circumstances that could otherwise give the holders of our common stock the opportunity to realize a premium over the then-prevailing market prices.

Ownership Limits. In order for us to maintain our qualification as a REIT, the holders of our common stock may be limited to owning, either directly or under applicable attribution rules of the Internal Revenue Code, no more than 9.8% of the lesser of the value or the number of our equity shares, and no holder of common stock may acquire or transfer shares that would result in our shares of common stock being beneficially owned by fewer than 100 persons. Such ownership limit may have the effect of preventing an acquisition of control of us without the approval of our board of directors. Our Articles of Incorporation give our board of directors the right to refuse to give effect to the acquisition or transfer of shares by a stockholder in violation of these provisions.

Board Terms. Prior to our 2019 annual meeting of stockholders, our board of directors was divided into three classes, with directors of each class elected to serve a three year term. Following the 2019 annual meeting of stockholders, we amended our articles of incorporation to provide that each of the successors to the directors whose terms expired in 2020 would be elected to serve until the next annual meeting of stockholders, each of the successors to the directors whose terms expired in 2021, along with the successors to the directors elected at the 2020 annual meeting, would be elected to serve until the following annual meeting of stockholders and beginning with the annual meeting of stockholders in 2022 all directors would be elected to serve until the next annual meeting of stockholders. As a result, during the transition period prior to the 2022 annual meeting of stockholders, the staggered terms for directors may affect our stockholders’ ability to effect a change in control even if a change in control may be in the stockholders best interest.

Preferred Stock. Our Articles of Incorporation authorize our board of directors to issue up to 20,000,000 shares of preferred stock, par value $.0001 per share, and to establish the preferences and rights of any such shares issued. The issuance of preferred stock could have the effect of delaying or preventing a change in control even if a change in control may be in our stockholders’ best interest.

Increase of Authorized Stock. Our board of directors, without any vote or consent of the stockholders, may increase the number of authorized shares of any class or series of stock or the aggregate number of authorized shares we have authority to issue. The ability to increase the number of authorized shares and issue such shares could have the effect of delaying or preventing a change in control even if a change in control may be in our stockholders’ best interest.

Amendment of Bylaws. Our board of directors has the power to amend our Bylaws. This power could have the effect of delaying or preventing a change in control even if a change in control may be in our stockholders’ best interests.

Stockholder Meetings. Our Bylaws require advance notice for stockholder proposals to be considered at annual and special meetings of stockholders and for stockholder nominations for election of directors at annual and special meetings of stockholders. The advance notice provisions require a proponent to provide us with detailed information about the proponent and/or nominee. Our Bylaws also provide that stockholders entitled to cast more than 50% of all the votes entitled to be cast at a meeting must join in a request by stockholders to call a special meeting of stockholders and that a specific process for the meeting request must be followed. These provisions could have the effect of delaying or preventing a change in control even if a change in control may be in the best interests of our stockholders.

Supermajority Votes Required. Our Articles of Incorporation require the affirmative vote of the holders of no less than 80% of the shares of capital stock outstanding and entitled to vote in order (i) to amend the provisions of our Articles of Incorporation relating to the removal of directors, limitation of liability of officers and directors or indemnification of officers and directors or (ii) to amend our Articles of Incorporation to impose cumulative voting in the election of directors. These provisions could have the effect of delaying or preventing a change in control even if a change in control may be in our stockholders’ best interest.

Item 1B.Unresolved Staff Comments.

None.

18

Item 2.Properties

Set forth below is information regarding our properties as of December 31, 2020:

  

    

  

Approx.

  

Percent

  

Approx.

  

    

 

Date of

Square

Leased as

Number

 

Property Location

Purchase (1)

Feet

of 12/31/20

of Tenants

Major Tenants (2)

 

 

Office

600 Forest Point Circle

 

7/8/99

 

64,198

 

78.4

%  

2

Willis Towers Watson Southeast Inc.

Charlotte, NC 28273

Flexential Corp.

14151 Park Meadow Drive

 

3/15/01

 

138,537

 

91.1

%  

4

 

American Systems Corporation

Chantilly, VA 20151

 

Booz Allen Hamilton, Inc.

 

1370 & 1390 Timberlake

 

5/24/01

 

234,496

 

100.0

%  

3

 

Centene Management Company, LLC

Manor Parkway,

 

Amdocs, Inc.

Chesterfield, MO 63017

50 Northwest Point Rd.

 

12/5/01

 

177,095

 

100.0

%  

2

 

Citicorp Credit Services, Inc.

Elk Grove Village, IL 60005

NCS Pearson, Inc.

1350 Timberlake Manor Parkway

 

3/4/02

 

117,036

 

100.0

%  

3

 

Centene Management Company, LLC

Chesterfield, MO 63017

 

Edgewell Personal Care Company

16285 Park Ten Place

 

6/27/02

 

157,460

 

71.7

%  

7

 

Penn Virginia Corporation

Houston, TX 77084

 

Blade Energy Partners, Ltd.

15601 Dallas Parkway

 

9/30/02

 

289,325

 

83.7

%  

13

 

Cyxtera Management Inc.

Addison, TX 75001

Compass Production Partners, LP

WDT Acquisition Corporation

Aerotek, Inc.

 

1500 & 1600 N. Greenville Ave.

 

3/3/03

 

300,887

 

83.5

%  

6

 

ARGO Data Resource Corp.

Richardson, TX 75081

 

EMC Corporation

 

Id Software, LLC

6550 & 6560 Greenwood Plaza

 

2/24/05

 

196,236

 

100.0

%  

3

 

Kaiser Foundation Health Plan

Englewood, CO 80111

 

DirecTV, Inc.

3815-3925 River Crossing Pkwy

 

7/6/05

 

205,729

 

100.0

%  

12

 

Somerset CPAs, P.C.

Indianapolis, IN 46240

 

Crowe, LLP

 

Blackboard, Inc.

5055 & 5057 Keller Springs Rd.

 

2/24/06

 

216,906

 

74.1

%  

23

 

See Footnote 3

Addison, TX 75001

5505 Blue Lagoon Drive (4)

 

11/6/03

 

213,182

 

73.1

%  

1

Lennar Homes, LLC

Miami, FL 33126

19

  

    

  

Approx.

  

Percent

  

Approx.

  

    

 

Date of

Square

Leased as

Number

 

Property Location

Purchase (1)

Feet

of 12/31/20

of Tenants

Major Tenants (2)

 

5600, 5620 & 5640 Cox Road

 

7/16/03

 

298,183

 

57.2

%  

5

 

ChemTreat, Inc.

Glen Allen, VA 23060

 

General Electric Company

1293 Eldridge Parkway

 

1/16/04

 

248,399

 

100.0

%  

1

 

CITGO Petroleum Corporation

Houston, TX 77077

380 Interlocken Crescent

 

8/15/03

 

240,359

 

76.0

%  

7

 

VMWare, Inc.

Broomfield, CO 80021

 

Cooley LLP

 

Sierra Financial Services, Inc.

3625 Cumberland Boulevard

 

6/27/06

 

387,267

 

93.9

%  

24

 

Randstad General Partner (US)

Atlanta, GA 30339

 

Gas South LLC

 

Carestream Dental, LLC

390 Interlocken Crescent

 

12/21/06

 

241,512

 

99.4

%  

6

 

The Vail Corporation

Broomfield, CO 80021

AppExtremes, LLC

16290 Katy Freeway

 

9/28/05

 

156,746

 

95.0

%  

7

 

Olin Corporation

Houston, TX 77094

 

Hargrove and Associates, Inc.

Bluware, Inc.

45925 Horseshoe Drive

 

12/23/08

 

136,658

 

98.9

%  

4

 

Giesecke & Devrient America, Inc.

Dulles, VA 20166

4807 Stonecroft Blvd. (4)

 

6/26/09

 

111,469

 

%  

 

Chantilly, VA 20151

121 South Eighth Street

 

6/29/10

 

297,209

 

92.6

%  

47

 

Schwegman, Lundberg & Woessner

Minneapolis, MN 55402

801 Marquette Ave. South

6/29/10

 

129,821

 

91.8

%  

3

Common Grounds Minneapolis I, LLC

Minneapolis, MN 55402

Greater Minneapolis Convention & Visitor Association

Deluxe Corporation

5100 & 5160 Tennyson Pkwy

 

3/10/11

 

207,049

 

100.0

%  

5

 

Worldventures Holdings, LLC

Plano, TX 75024

ARK-LA-TEX Financial Services, LLC

7500 Dallas Parkway

 

3/24/11

 

214,110

 

56.4

%  

7

 

ADS Alliance Data Systems, Inc.

Plano, TX 75024

 

909 Davis Street

 

9/30/11

 

195,098

 

93.3

%  

9

 

Houghton Mifflin Co.

Evanston, IL 60201

 

Aptinyx, Inc.

Northshore University Healthsystem

20

  

    

  

Approx.

  

Percent

  

Approx.

  

    

 

Date of

Square

Leased as

Number

 

Property Location

Purchase (1)

Feet

of 12/31/20

of Tenants

Major Tenants (2)

 

 

Industrious Evn 909 Davis Street

One Ravinia Drive

 

7/31/12

 

386,602

 

89.0

%  

10

 

T-Mobile South LLC

Atlanta, GA 30346

 

Cedar Document Technologies, Inc.

Two Ravinia Drive

 

4/8/15

 

411,047

 

69.2

%  

38

 

See Footnote 3

Atlanta, GA 30346

 

10370 & 10350 Richmond Ave.

 

11/1/12

 

629,025

 

53.5

%  

37

 

See Footnote 3

Houston, TX 77042

1999 Broadway

 

5/22/13

 

677,539

 

81.8

%  

38

 

United States Government

Denver, CO 80202

 

999 Peachtree Street

 

7/1/13

 

621,946

 

84.5

%  

36

 

Eversheds Sutherland (US) LLP

Atlanta, GA 30309

1001 17th Street

 

8/28/13

 

655,420

 

96.0

%  

18

 

Ovintiv USA Inc.

Denver, CO 80202

 

WPX Energy. Inc.

Hall and Evans, LLC

Ping Identity Corp.

45 South Seventh Street

 

6/6/16

 

330,096

 

88.5

%  

26

 

PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP

Minneapolis, MN 55402

 

Haworth Marketing & Media Company

1420 Peachtree Street, NE

 

8/10/16

 

160,145

 

98.9

%  

4

 

Jones Day

Atlanta, GA 30309

 

600 17th Street

 

12/1/16

 

609,353

 

88.0

%  

42

 

EOG Resources, Inc.

Denver, CO 80202

 

Total Owned Portfolio

9,656,140

83.8

%  

(1)Date of purchase or merged entity date of purchase.
(2)Major tenants that occupy 10% or more of the space in an individual property.
(3)No tenant occupies more than 10% of the space.
(4)We define redevelopment properties as properties being developed, redeveloped or where redevelopment is complete, but are in lease-up and that are not stabilized.

21

As of December 31, 2020, we had approximately 0.3 million rentable square feet in our Redevelopment Properties. The following table summarizes these properties:

Estimated

Estimated

Incurred

Percent

Estimated

Leased

Occupied

(in 000's except square feet)

Anticipated

Through

Leased

Completion

Stabilization

Stabilization

Property Name

    

City

    

State

    

Square Feet

    

Investment (1)

    

31-Dec-20

    

31-Dec-20

    

Date

    

Date

    

Date

Redevelopment in Process

Blue Lagoon Drive (2)

Miami

FL

213,182

39,900

20,443

73.1%

28-Feb-21

1-Jul-21

1-Jan-22

Stonecroft

Chantilly

VA

111,469

18,462

1,814

0.0%

31-Jul-21

1-Dec-21

1-Dec-22

Total Office in Process

324,651

58,362

22,257

(1) Anticipated investment includes capitalized redevelopment costs, capitalized interest and lease-up costs.

(2) Leased square feet was 155,808 as of December 31, 2020.

All of the properties listed above are owned, directly or indirectly, by us. None of our properties are subject to any mortgage loans. We have no other material undeveloped or unimproved properties, or proposed programs for material renovation or development of any of our properties in 2021. We believe that our properties are adequately covered by insurance as of December 31, 2020.

22

The information presented below provides the weighted average GAAP rent per square foot for the year ended December 31, 2020 for our properties and weighted occupancy square feet and percentages. GAAP rent includes the impact of tenant concessions and reimbursements. This table does not include information about properties held by our investments in nonconsolidated REITs or those which we have provided Sponsored REIT Loans.

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

Weighted

 

    

 

Occupied

Weighted

 

Year Built

Weighted

Percentage as of

Average

 

or

Net Rentable

Occupied

December 31,

Rent per Occupied

 

Property Name

City

State

Renovated

Square Feet

Sq. Ft.

2020 (a)

Square Feet (b)

 

 

Forest Park

Charlotte

NC

1999/2020

64,198

12,204

19.0

%  

$

21.54

Meadow Point

Chantilly

VA

1999

138,537

102,656

74.1

%  

25.03

Innsbrook

Glen Allen

VA

1999

298,183

170,680

57.2

%  

 

18.70

Loudoun Tech Center

Dulles

VA

1999

136,658

135,210

98.9

%  

 

18.64

Stonecroft (c)

Chantilly

VA

2008

111,469

%  

 

East total

749,045

420,750

56.2

%  

 

20.31

Northwest Point

Elk Grove Village

IL

1999

177,095

177,095

100.0

%  

 

28.08

909 Davis Street

Evanston

IL

2002

195,098

182,104

93.3

%  

 

41.05

River Crossing

Indianapolis

IN

1998

205,729

202,273

98.3

%  

 

24.55

Timberlake

Chesterfield

MO

1999

234,496

224,319

95.7

%  

 

27.65

Timberlake East

Chesterfield

MO

2000

117,036

113,548

97.0

%  

 

26.59

121 South 8th Street

Minneapolis

MN

1974

297,209

255,124

85.8

%  

 

22.31

801 Marquette Ave

Minneapolis

MN

1923/2017

129,821

48,021

37.0

%  

29.87

Plaza Seven

Minneapolis

MN

1987

330,096

291,442

88.3

%  

 

33.02

Midwest total

1,686,580

1,493,926

88.6

%  

 

29.04

Blue Lagoon Drive (c)

Miami

FL

2002

213,182

%  

One Overton Park

Atlanta

GA

2002

387,267

336,264

86.8

%  

 

24.02

Park Ten

Houston

TX

1999

157,460

112,962

71.7

%  

 

27.87

Addison Circle

Addison

TX

1999

289,325

222,809

77.0

%  

 

33.37

Collins Crossing

Richardson

TX

1999

300,887

243,839

 

81.0

%  

26.81

23

The following table is continued from the previous page and provides the weighted average GAAP rent per square foot for the year ended December 31, 2020 for our properties and weighted occupancy square feet and percentages. GAAP rent includes the impact of tenant concessions and reimbursements. This table does not include information about properties held by our investments in nonconsolidated REITs or those which we have provided Sponsored REIT Loans.

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

Weighted

    

    

 

Occupied

Weighted

 

Year Built

Weighted

Percentage as of

Average

 

or

Net Rentable

Occupied

December 31,

Rent per Occupied

 

Property Name

City

State

Renovated

Square Feet

Sq. Ft.

2020 (a)

Square Feet (b)

 

 

Eldridge Green

Houston

TX

1999

248,399

248,399

 

100.0

%  

$

30.06

Park Ten Phase II

Houston

TX

2006

156,746

141,902

 

90.5

%  

28.45

Liberty Plaza

Addison

TX

1985

216,906

157,929

 

72.8

%  

23.07

Legacy Tennyson Center

Plano

TX

1999/2008

207,049

197,835

 

95.6

%  

14.67

One Legacy Circle

Plano

TX

2008

214,110

100,910

 

47.1

%  

37.78

One Ravinia Drive

Atlanta

GA

1985

386,602

334,604

 

86.6

%  

27.47

Two Ravinia Drive

Atlanta

GA

1987

411,047

277,909

 

67.6

%  

27.31

Westchase I & II

Houston

TX

1983/2008

629,025

349,864

 

55.6

%  

28.35

Pershing Park Plaza

Atlanta

GA

1989

160,145

158,447

98.9

%  

34.22

999 Peachtree

Atlanta

GA

1987

621,946

535,185

 

86.1

%  

33.62

South Total

4,600,096

3,418,858

 

74.3

%  

28.42

380 Interlocken

Broomfield

CO

2000

240,359

174,765

 

72.7

%  

33.10

1999 Broadway

Denver

CO

1986

677,539

537,288

 

79.3

%  

33.20

1001 17th Street

Denver

CO

1977/2006

655,420

637,265

 

97.2

%  

37.15

600 17th Street

Denver

CO

1982

609,353

525,567

 

86.3

%  

32.26

Greenwood Plaza

Englewood

CO

2000

196,236

196,236

 

100.0

%  

25.31

390 Interlocken

Broomfield

CO

2002

241,512

238,445

 

98.7

%  

33.20

West Total

2,620,419

2,309,566

 

88.1

%  

33.40

Total Owned Properties

9,656,140

7,643,100

79.2

%  

$

29.60

(a)Based on weighted occupied square feet for the year ended December 31, 2020, including month-to-month tenants, divided by the property’s net rentable square footage.
(b)Represents annualized GAAP rental revenue for the year ended December 31, 2020 per weighted occupied square foot.
(c)We define redevelopment properties as properties being developed, redeveloped or where redevelopment is complete, but are in lease-up and that are not stabilized.

24

The information presented below is a lease expiration table for ten years and thereafter, stating (i) the number of tenants whose leases will expire, (ii) the total area in square feet covered by such leases, (iii) the annual rental represented by such leases in dollars and by square feet, and (iv) the percentage of gross annual rental represented by such leases.

Rentable

Annualized

Percentage

Number of

Square

Rent

of Total

Year of

Leases

Footage

Annualized

Per Square

Annualized

Lease

Expiring

Subject to

Rent Under

Foot Under

Rent Under

Expiration

Within the

Expiring

Expiring

Expiring

Expiring

Cumulative

December 31,

    

Year (a)

    

Leases

    

Leases (b)

    

Leases

    

Leases

    

Total

2021

69

(c)

738,723

$

22,498,632

$

30.46

9.5

%  

9.5

%

2022

74

1,067,527

38,021,879

35.62

16.2

%

25.7

%

2023

65

450,184

14,563,689

32.35

6.2

%

31.9

%

2024

61

839,607

26,036,049

31.01

11.1

%

43.0

%

2025

57

867,351

25,079,346

28.91

10.7

%

53.7

%

2026

38

752,257

23,732,491

31.55

10.1

%

63.8

%

2027

19

698,962

22,169,871

31.72

9.4

%

73.2

%

2028

19

450,799

10,156,201

22.53

4.3

%

77.5

%

2029

12

405,689

12,911,391

31.83

5.5

%

83.0

%

2030

10

893,357

24,753,582

27.71

10.5

%

93.5

%

2031 and thereafter

71

925,978

(d)

15,325,361

16.55

6.5

%

100.0

%

Leased total

495

8,090,434

$

235,248,492

$

29.08

100.0

%

Vacancies as of 12/31/20

1,396,863

Redevelopment Properties (e)

168,843

Total Portfolio Square Footage

9,656,140

(a)The number of leases approximates the number of tenants. Tenants with lease maturities in different years are included in annual totals for each lease. Tenants may have multiple leases in the same year.
(b)Annualized rent represents the monthly rent charged, including tenant reimbursements, for each lease in effect at December 31, 2020 multiplied by 12. Tenant reimbursements generally include payment of real estate taxes, operating expenses and common area maintenance and utility charges.
(c)Includes 2 leases that are month-to-month.
(d)Includes 117,089 square feet that are non-revenue producing building amenities.
(e)Redevelopment Properties include properties being developed, redeveloped or where redevelopment is complete, but are in lease-up and that are not stabilized.

Item 3.Legal Proceedings

From time to time, we may be subject to legal proceedings and claims that arise in the ordinary course of our business. Although occasional adverse decisions (or settlements) may occur, we believe that the final disposition of such matters will not have a material adverse effect on our financial position, cash flows or results of operations.

Item 4.Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable.

25

PART II

Item 5.Market For Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

Our common stock is listed on the NYSE American under the symbol “FSP”.

As of February 1, 2021, there were 10,031 holders of our common stock, including both holders of record and participants in securities position listings.

While not guaranteed, we expect to continue to pay cash dividends on our common stock in the future. See Part I, Item 1A Risk Factors, “Our level of dividends may fluctuate.” for additional information.

STOCK PERFORMANCE GRAPH

The following graph compares the cumulative total stockholder return on the Company’s common stock between December 31, 2015 and December 31, 2020 with the cumulative total return of (1) the NAREIT Equity Index, (2) the Standard & Poor’s 500 Composite Stock Price Index (“S&P 500”) and (3) the Russell 2000 Total Return Index over the same period. This graph assumes the investment of $100.00 on December 31, 2015 and assumes that any distributions are reinvested.

Graphic

As of December 31,

 

    

2015

    

2016

    

2017

    

2018

    

2019

    

2020

 

FSP

$

100

$

134

$

119

$

73

$

104

$

57

NAREIT Equity

 

100

 

109

 

118

 

113

 

146

 

138

S&P 500

 

100

 

112

 

136

 

130

 

171

 

203

Russell 2000

 

100

 

121

 

139

 

124

 

155

 

186

Notes to Graph:

The above performance graph and related information shall not be deemed “soliciting material” or to be “filed” with the Securities and Exchange Commission, nor shall such information be incorporated by reference into any future filing under the Securities Act of 1933 or Securities Exchange Act of 1934, each as amended, except to the extent that we specifically incorporate it by reference into such filing.

26

Item 6.

Selected Financial Data

The following selected financial information is derived from the historical consolidated financial statements of FSP Corp. This information should be read in conjunction with “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in Item 7 and with FSP Corp.’s consolidated financial statements and related notes thereto included in Item 8.

Year Ended December 31,

 

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

    

2020

    

2019

    

2018

    

2017

    

2016

 

 

Operating Data:

Total revenue

$

245,848

$

269,065

$

268,870

$

272,588

$

249,888

Net income (loss)

 

32,615

 

6,475

 

13,069

 

(15,944)

 

8,378

Basic and diluted income (loss) per share:

$

0.30

$

0.06

$

0.12

$

(0.15)

$

0.08

Distributions declared per share outstanding:

$

0.36

$

0.36

$

0.46

$

0.76

$

0.76

As of December 31,

 

    

2020

    

2019

    

2018

    

2017

    

2016

 

Balance Sheet Data:

Total assets

$

1,793,184

$

1,842,654

$

1,898,102

$

1,990,512

$

2,088,133

Total liabilities

 

1,025,093

 

1,056,258

 

1,060,468

 

1,119,220

 

1,126,089

Total shareholders’ equity

 

768,091

 

786,396

 

837,634

 

871,292

 

962,044

27

Item 7.Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto appearing elsewhere in this report. Historical results and percentage relationships set forth in the consolidated financial statements, including trends which might appear, should not be taken as necessarily indicative of future operations. The following discussion and other parts of this Annual Report on Form 10-K may also contain forward-looking statements based on current judgments and current knowledge of management, which are subject to certain risks, trends and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those indicated in such forward-looking statements. Accordingly, readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements. Investors are cautioned that our forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainty, including without limitation, adverse changes in general economic or local market conditions, including as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and other potential infectious disease outbreaks and terrorist attacks or other acts of violence, which may negatively affect the markets in which we and our tenants operate, adverse changes in energy prices, which if sustained, could negatively impact occupancy and rental rates in the markets in which we own properties, including energy-influenced markets such as Dallas, Denver and Houston, any inability to dispose of properties on acceptable terms and any delays in the timing of any such anticipated dispositions, changes in interest rates as a result of economic market conditions or a downgrade in our credit rating, disruptions in the debt markets, economic conditions in the markets in which we own properties, risks of a lessening of demand for the types of real estate owned by us, uncertainties relating to fiscal policy, changes in government regulations and regulatory uncertainty, changes in energy prices, geopolitical events, and expenditures that cannot be anticipated such as utility rate and usage increases, delays in construction schedules, unanticipated increases in construction costs, unanticipated repairs, additional staffing, insurance increases and real estate tax valuation reassessments. See “Risk Factors” in Item 1A. Although we believe the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements. We may not update any of the forward-looking statements after the date this Annual Report on Form 10-K is filed to conform them to actual results or to changes in our expectations that occur after such date, other than as required by law.

Overview

FSP Corp., or we or the Company, operates in a single reportable segment: real estate operations. The real estate operations market involves real estate rental operations, leasing, secured financing of real estate and services provided for asset management, property management, property acquisitions, dispositions and development. Our current strategy is to invest in infill and central business district office properties in the United States sunbelt and mountain west regions as well as select opportunistic markets. We believe that the United States sunbelt and mountain west regions have macro-economic drivers that have the potential to increase occupancies and rents. We seek value-oriented investments with an eye towards long-term growth and appreciation, as well as current income.

As of December 31, 2020, approximately 7.8 million square feet, or approximately 80% of our total owned portfolio, was located in Atlanta, Dallas, Denver, Houston and Minneapolis. From time-to-time we may dispose of our smaller, suburban office assets and replace them with larger urban infill and central business district office assets. As we execute this strategy, short term operating results could be adversely impacted. However, we believe that the transformed portfolio has the potential to provide higher profit and asset value growth over a longer period of time.

The main factor that affects our real estate operations is the broad economic market conditions in the United States. These market conditions affect the occupancy levels and the rent levels on both a national and local level. We have no influence on broader economic/market conditions. We look to acquire and/or develop quality properties in good locations in order to lessen the impact of downturns in the market and to take advantage of upturns when they occur.

In 2021, we determined that further debt reduction would provide greater financial flexibility and potentially increase shareholder value. Accordingly, we have adopted a strategy to dispose of certain properties in 2021 where we believe our valuation objective has been met. Pursuant to this strategy we anticipate dispositions in 2021 will result in estimated aggregate gross proceeds in the range of $350 million to $450 million. Proceeds from these potential dispositions would be used primarily for the repayment of debt.

28

Trends and Uncertainties

COVID-19 Pandemic

Beginning in January 2020, there was a global outbreak of COVID-19, which continues to adversely impact global commercial activity and has contributed to significant volatility in financial markets. It has already disrupted global travel supply chains, adversely impacted global commercial activity, and its long-term economic impact remains uncertain. Considerable uncertainty still surrounds the COVID-19 pandemic and its potential effects on the population, as well as the availability and effectiveness of vaccines, therapeutics and any responses taken on a national and local level by government authorities and businesses. The travel restrictions, limits on hours of operations and/or closures of various businesses and other efforts to curb the spread of COVID-19 have significantly disrupted business activity globally, including in the markets where we own properties, and we expect them to have an adverse impact on our business. Many of our tenants are subject to various quarantine restrictions, and the restrictions could be in place for an extended period of time. The pandemic has had an adverse impact on economic and market conditions and triggered a global economic slowdown. The reduction in economic activity worldwide has had a significant negative effect on energy prices, which, if sustained, could have an adverse impact on occupancy and rental rates in energy-influenced markets such as Dallas, Denver and Houston, where we have a significant concentration of properties. However, the evolving nature of the pandemic makes it difficult to ascertain the long-term impact it will have on commercial real estate markets and our business. Nevertheless, the COVID-19 pandemic presents material uncertainty and risk with respect to the performance of our properties and our financial results, such as the potential negative impact to the businesses of our tenants, the potential negative impact to leasing efforts and occupancy at our properties, the potential closure of certain of our assets for an extended period, uncertainty regarding future rent collection levels or requests for rent concessions from our tenants, the occurrence of a default under any of our debt agreements, the potential for increased borrowing costs, a potential downgrade in our credit rating that could lead to increased borrowing costs or reduce our access to funding sources in credit and capital markets, our ability to refinance existing indebtedness or to secure new sources of capital on favorable terms, fluctuations in our level of dividends, increased costs of operations, our ability to complete required capital expenditures in a timely manner and on budget, decrease in values of our real estate assets, changes in law and/or regulation, and uncertainty regarding government and regulatory policy. We are unable to estimate the impact the COVID-19 pandemic will have on our future financial results at this time. See “Risk Factors” in Item 1A.

We have been following and directing our vendors to follow the guidelines from the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and other applicable authorities to minimize the spread of COVID-19 among our employees, tenants, vendors and visitors, as well as at our properties. We have implemented working from home policies for our employees. During the three months ended December 31, 2020 and as of February 5, 2021, all of our properties remained open for business. Although some of our tenants have requested rent concessions, and more tenants may request rent concessions or may not pay rent in the future, as of December 31, 2020, we had collected approximately 98% of rental receipts due in December 2020. Future rent concession requests or nonpayment of rent could lead to increased rent delinquencies and/or defaults under leases, a lower demand for rentable space leading to increased concessions or lower occupancy, extended lease terms, increased tenant improvement capital expenditures, or reduced rental rates to maintain occupancies. We review each rent concession request on a case by case basis and may or may not provide rent concessions, depending on the specific circumstances involved. Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash were $4.2 million as of December 31, 2020. Management believes that existing cash, cash anticipated to be generated internally by operations and our existing availability under the BAML Revolver ($596.5 million as of December 31, 2020) will be sufficient to meet working capital requirements and anticipated capital expenditures for at least the next 12 months. Although there is no guarantee that we will be able to obtain the funds necessary for our future growth, we anticipate generating funds from continuing real estate operations. We believe that we have adequate funds to cover unusual expenses and capital improvements, in addition to normal operating expenses. Our ability to maintain or increase our level of dividends to stockholders, however, depends in significant part upon the level of rental income from our real estate properties.

Economic Conditions

The economy in the United States has been adversely impacted as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. Economic conditions directly affect the demand for office space, our primary income producing asset. The broad

29

economic market conditions in the United States are typically affected by numerous factors, including but not limited to, inflation and employment levels, energy prices, the pace of economic growth and/or recessionary concerns, uncertainty about government fiscal, monetary, trade and tax policies, changes in currency exchange rates, geopolitical events, the regulatory environment, the availability of credit, and interest rates. As of the date of this report, the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and related fallout from containment and mitigation measures, such as work from home arrangements and the closing of various businesses, is adversely affecting current economic conditions in the United States.

Real Estate Operations

Leasing

As of December 31, 2020, our real estate portfolio was comprised of 32 operating properties, which we refer to as our operating properties, and 2 redevelopment properties, which we refer to as our redevelopment properties, that are in the process of being redeveloped, or are completed but not yet stabilized. We collectively refer to our operating and our redevelopment properties as our owned portfolio. Our 32 operating properties were approximately 85.0% leased as of December 31, 2020, a decrease from 87.6% leased as of December 31, 2019. The 2.6% decrease in leased space was a result of the impact of lease expirations and terminations, which exceeded leasing completed during the year ended December 31, 2020. As of December 31, 2020, we had approximately 1,397,000 square feet of vacancy in our operating properties compared to approximately 1,175,000 square feet of vacancy at December 31, 2019. During the year ended December 31, 2020, we leased approximately 1,130,000 square feet of office space, of which approximately 762,000 square feet were with existing tenants, at a weighted average term of 8.3 years. On average, tenant improvements for such leases were $34.07 per square foot, lease commissions were $11.36 per square foot and rent concessions were approximately five months of free rent. Average GAAP base rents under such leases were $28.47 per square foot, or 7.7% higher than average rents in the respective properties as applicable compared to the year ended December 31, 2019.

As of December 31, 2020, our two redevelopment properties included an approximately 111,000 square foot property known as Stonecroft in Chantilly, Virginia and an approximately 213,000 square foot property known as Blue Lagoon in Miami, Florida. Given the length of the redevelopment and lease-up process, these properties are not classified as an operating property until, in some cases, years after we commence the project.

Our property known as 801 Marquette in Minneapolis, Minnesota, which was substantially completed at the end of the second quarter of 2017, had been previously classified as a redevelopment property. As of June 30, 2020, the property had leases signed and tenants occupying approximately 37% of the rentable square feet of the property. On September 14, 2020, we entered into a lease agreement with a new tenant with an initial term of 16 years for approximately 71,000 square feet, or 54.8% of the property’s rentable square feet. As a result, 801 Marquette was approximately 91.8% leased, which we consider stabilized, and has been reclassified as an operating property.

Our property known as Forest Park in Charlotte, North Carolina, which was substantially completed at the end of the second quarter of 2020, had previously been classified as a redevelopment property. On July 20, 2020, a tenant lease commenced and occupies approximately 22,000 square feet, or approximately 34.5% of the total rentable square feet, with an initial term of 11 years. On September 24, 2020, we entered into a lease agreement with a new tenant for approximately 28,200 square feet, or 43.9% of the rentable square feet at the property, with an initial term of 7 years. As a result, as of December 31, 2020, Forest Park was approximately 78.4% leased, which we consider stabilized, and has been reclassified as an operating property.

The redevelopment of Stonecroft commenced in August 2020. We expect to incur total redevelopment and lease-up costs of $18.5 million, which includes significant interior work to make the space suitable for multiple tenants, or to accommodate a tenant with accredited security requirements. As of December 31, 2020, we had incurred approximately $1.8 million in redevelopment costs. We anticipate completing the redevelopment by July 31, 2021.

The redevelopment of Blue Lagoon commenced in December 2018 following the maturity of a lease with a major tenant that had occupied 100% of the property. On September 13, 2019, we entered into a lease agreement with a new tenant with an initial term of 16 years for approximately 156,000 square feet, or 73.1% of the property’s rentable

30

square feet. We expect to incur total restoration, redevelopment and lease-up costs of $39.9 million, which include work on the roof of the building, costs to make the space suitable for multiple tenants and to increase parking at the property. As of December 31, 2020, we had incurred approximately $20.4 million in total redevelopment costs. We anticipate completing the redevelopment by February 28, 2021.

As of December 31, 2020, leases for approximately 7.6% and 11.1% of the square footage in our owned portfolio are scheduled to expire during 2021 and 2022, respectively. As the first quarter of 2021 begins, we believe that our operating properties are well stabilized, with a balanced lease expiration schedule, and that existing vacancy is being actively marketed to numerous potential tenants. While leasing activity at our properties has continued, we believe that the COVID-19 pandemic and related containment and mitigation measures may limit or delay new tenant leasing during at least the first quarter of 2021 and potentially in future periods.

While we cannot generally predict when an existing vacancy in our owned portfolio will be leased or if existing tenants with expiring leases will renew their leases or what the terms and conditions of the lease renewals will be, we expect to renew or sign new leases at then-current market rates for locations in which the buildings are located, which could be above or below the expiring rates. Also, we believe the potential exists for any of our tenants to default on its lease or to seek the protection of bankruptcy. If any of our tenants defaults on its lease, we may experience delays in enforcing our rights as a landlord and may incur substantial costs in protecting our investment. In addition, at any time, a tenant of one of our properties may seek the protection of bankruptcy laws, which could result in the rejection and termination of such tenant’s lease and thereby cause a reduction in cash available for distribution to our stockholders.

Real Estate Acquisition and Investment Activity

During 2020:

we have continued to actively explore additional potential real estate investment opportunities.

During 2019:

during the year ended December 31, 2019, we received approximately $1.1 million as full repayment of a Sponsored REIT Loan with FSP Satellite Place Corp. (“Satellite Place”) and we received approximately $51 million as full repayment of a Sponsored REIT Loan with FSP Energy Tower I Corp.;
on February 2, 2019, we received a cash distribution of approximately $0.2 million from the liquidating trust of Grand Boulevard (defined below) and anticipate receiving additional liquidating distributions of approximately $0.1 million in the aggregate as the trust is liquidated; and
on April 3, 2019 we received a cash distribution of approximately $1.0 million from the liquidating trust of East Wacker (defined below);

During 2018:

we received approximately $1.1 million in cash from Satellite Place, as partial prepayment of a Sponsored REIT Loan;
on July 19, 2018, an office property owned by a Sponsored REIT, FSP Grand Boulevard Corp. (Grand Boulevard) was sold to a third party. We held an equity investment in Grand Boulevard and received a liquidating distribution of its investment of $6.2 million on July 20, 2018. The Company received an initial cash distribution of $5.9 million from the liquidating trust of Grand Boulevard on August 17, 2018; and
on September 24, 2018, an office property owned by a Sponsored REIT, FSP 303 East Wacker Drive Corp. (East Wacker) was sold to a third party. We held an equity investment in East Wacker and received a liquidating distribution of its investment of $70.0 million on September 25, 2018. We received an initial cash distribution of $69.0 million from the liquidating trust of East Wacker on September 27, 2018.

31

Property Dispositions and Assets Held for Sale

The Company sold an office property located in Durham, North Carolina on December 23, 2020 with a sales price of approximately $89.7 million, at a gain of approximately $41.9 million. The disposal of this property did not represent a strategic shift that has a major effect on the Company’s operations and financial results. Accordingly, the property remained classified within continuing operations for all periods presented and there were no assets held for sale at December 31, 2020 or December 31, 2019.

As an important part of our total return strategy, we intend to be active in property dispositions when we believe that we have maximized value and that market conditions warrant such activity and, as a consequence, we continuously review and evaluate our portfolio of properties for potentially advantageous dispositions.

Critical Accounting Policies

We have certain critical accounting policies that are subject to judgments and estimates by our management and uncertainties of outcome that affect the application of these policies. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances. On an on-going basis, we evaluate our estimates. In the event estimates or assumptions prove to be different from actual results, adjustments are made in subsequent periods to reflect more current information. The accounting policies that we believe are most critical to the understanding of our financial position and results of operations, and that require significant management estimates and judgments, are discussed below. Significant estimates in the consolidated financial statements include the allowance for doubtful accounts, purchase price allocations, useful lives of fixed assets, impairment considerations and the valuation of derivatives.

Critical accounting policies are those that have the most impact on the reporting of our financial condition and results of operations and those requiring significant judgments and estimates. We believe that our judgments and estimates are consistently applied and produce financial information that fairly presents our results of operations. Our most critical accounting policies involve our investments in Sponsored REITs and our investments in real property. These policies affect our:

allocation of purchase price;
allowance for doubtful accounts;
assessment of the carrying values and impairments of long lived assets;
useful lives of fixed assets and intangibles;
valuation of derivatives;
classification of leases; and
ownership of stock in a Sponsored REIT and related interests.

These policies involve significant judgments made based upon our experience, including judgments about current valuations, ultimate realizable value, estimated useful lives, salvage or residual value, the ability of our tenants to perform their obligations to us, current and future economic conditions and competitive factors in the markets in which our properties are located. Competition, economic conditions and other factors may cause occupancy declines in the future. In the future we may need to revise our carrying value assessments to incorporate information which is not now known and such revisions could increase or decrease our depreciation expense related to properties we own, result in the classification of our leases as other than operating leases or decrease the carrying values of our assets.

Allocation of Purchase Price

We allocate the value of real estate acquired among land, buildings, improvements and identified intangible assets and liabilities, which may consist of the value of above market and below market leases, the value of in-place leases, and the value of tenant relationships. Purchase price allocations and the determination of the useful lives are based on management’s estimates. Under some circumstances we may rely upon studies commissioned from independent real estate appraisal firms in determining the purchase price allocations.

32

Purchase price allocated to land and building and improvements is based on management’s determination of the relative fair values of these assets assuming the property was vacant. Management determines the fair value of a property using methods similar to those used by independent appraisers. Purchase price allocated to above or below market leases is based on the present value (using an interest rate which reflects the risks associated with the leases acquired) of the difference between (i) the contractual amounts to be paid pursuant to the in-place leases including consideration of potential lease renewals and (ii) our estimate of fair market lease rates for the corresponding leases, measured over a period equal to the remaining non-cancelable terms of the respective leases. This aggregate value is allocated between in-place lease values and tenant relationships based on management’s evaluation of the specific characteristics of each tenant’s lease; however, the value of tenant relationships has not been separated from in-place lease value because such value and its consequence to amortization expense is immaterial for acquisitions reflected in our financial statements. Factors considered by us in performing these analyses include (i) an estimate of carrying costs during the expected lease-up periods, including real estate taxes, insurance and other operating income and expenses, and (ii) costs to execute similar leases in current market conditions, such as leasing commissions, legal and other related costs. If future acquisitions result in our allocating material amounts to the value of tenant relationships, those amounts would be separately allocated and amortized over the estimated life of the relationships.

Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

We provided an allowance for doubtful accounts based on collectability. Lessors recognize the effect of a change in their assessment of whether the collectability of operating lease receivables are probable as an adjustment to lease income rather than bad debt expense.

Impairment

We periodically evaluate our real estate properties for impairment indicators. These indicators may include declining tenant occupancy, weak or declining tenant profitability, cash flow or liquidity, our decision to dispose of an asset before the end of its estimated useful life or legislative, economic or market changes that permanently reduce the value of our investments. If indicators of impairment are present, we evaluate the carrying value of the property by comparing it to its expected future undiscounted cash flows. If the sum of these expected future cash flows is less than the carrying value, we reduce the net carrying value of the property to the present value of these expected future cash flows. This analysis requires us to judge whether indicators of impairment exist and to estimate likely future cash flows. If we misjudge or estimate incorrectly or if future tenant profitability, market or industry factors differ from our expectations, we may record an impairment charge which is inappropriate or fail to record a charge when we should have done so, or the amount of such charges may be inaccurate.

Depreciation and Amortization Expense

We compute depreciation expense using the straight-line method over estimated useful lives of up to 39 years for buildings and improvements, and up to 15 years for personal property. Costs incurred in connection with leasing (primarily tenant improvements and leasing commissions) are capitalized and amortized over the lease period. The allocated cost of land is not depreciated. The value of above or below-market leases is amortized over the remaining non-cancelable periods of the respective leases as an adjustment to rental income. The value of in-place leases, exclusive of the value of above-market and below-market in-place leases, is also amortized over the remaining non-cancelable periods of the respective leases. If a lease is terminated prior to its stated expiration, all unamortized amounts relating to that lease are written off. Inappropriate allocation of acquisition costs, or incorrect estimates of useful lives, could result in depreciation and amortization expenses which do not appropriately reflect the allocation of our capital expenditures over future periods, as is required by generally accepted accounting principles.

Derivative Instruments

We recognize derivatives on the balance sheet at fair value. Derivatives that do not qualify, or are not designated as hedge relationships, must be adjusted to fair value through income. Derivative instruments designated in a hedge relationship to mitigate exposure to variability in expected future cash flows, or other types of forecasted transactions, are considered cash flow hedges. Cash flow hedges are accounted for by recording the fair value of the

33

derivative instrument on the balance sheet as either an asset or liability. To the extent hedges are effective, a corresponding amount, adjusted for swap payments, is recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income within stockholders’ equity. Amounts are then reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income to the income statement in the period or periods the hedged forecasted transaction affects earnings. The ineffective portion of a derivative’s change in fair value will be recognized in earnings in the same period in which the hedged interest payments affect earnings, which may increase or decrease reported net income and stockholders’ equity prospectively, depending on future levels of interest rates and other variables affecting the fair values of derivative instruments and hedged items, but will have no effect on cash flows. Derivative instruments designated in a hedge relationship to mitigate exposure to changes in the fair value of an asset, liability, or firm commitment attributable to a particular risk, such as interest rate risk, are considered fair value hedges. We currently have no fair value hedges outstanding. Fair values of derivatives are subject to significant variability based on changes in interest rates and counterparty credit risk. To the extent we enter into fair value hedges in the future, the results of such variability could be a significant increase or decrease in our derivative assets, derivative liabilities, book equity, and/or earnings.

Lease Classification

Some of our real estate properties are leased on a triple net basis, pursuant to non-cancelable, fixed term, operating leases. Each time we enter a new lease or materially modify an existing lease we evaluate whether it is appropriately classified as a financing lease or as an operating lease. The classification of a lease as financing or operating affects the carrying value of a property, as well as our recognition of rental payments as revenue. These evaluations require us to make estimates of, among other things, the remaining useful life and market value of a property, discount rates and future cash flows. Incorrect assumptions or estimates may result in misclassification of our leases.

Ownership of Stock in a Sponsored REIT and Related Interests

We held preferred stock interests in two Sponsored REITs, both of which were liquidated during 2018. As a result of our common and preferred stock interests in these two Sponsored REITs, we exercised influence over, but did not control these entities. These preferred stock interests were accounted for using the equity method. Under the equity method of accounting our cost basis was adjusted by our share of the Sponsored REITs’ operations and distributions received. We also agreed to vote our preferred shares (i) with respect to any merger in the same manner that a majority of the other stockholders of the Sponsored REIT vote for or against the merger and (ii) with respect to any other matter presented to a vote by the stockholders of these Sponsored REITs in the same proportion as shares voted by other stockholders of that Sponsored REIT.

The equity investments in Sponsored REITS were reviewed for impairment each reporting period. The Company recorded impairment charges when events or circumstances indicate a decline in the fair value below the carrying value of the investment has occurred and such decline is other than temporary.

34

Results of Operations

The following table shows financial results for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019.

Year ended December 31,

(in thousands)

    

2020

    

2019

    

Change

 

Revenues:

Rental

$

244,207

$

265,527

$

(21,320)

Related party revenue:

Management fees and interest income from loans

 

1,610

 

3,517

 

(1,907)

Other

 

31

 

21

 

10

Total revenues

 

245,848

 

269,065

 

(23,217)

Expenses:

Real estate operating expenses

 

66,940

 

72,311

 

(5,371)

Real estate taxes and insurance

 

48,390

 

47,871

 

519

Depreciation and amortization

 

88,558

 

90,909

 

(2,351)

General and administrative

 

14,997

 

14,473

 

524

Interest

 

36,026

 

36,757

 

(731)

Total expenses

 

254,911

 

262,321

 

(7,410)

Gain on sale of property

 

41,928

 

 

41,928

Income before taxes on income

 

32,865

 

6,744

 

26,121

Tax expense on income

 

250

 

269

 

(19)

Net income

$

32,615

$

6,475

$

26,140

Comparison of the year ended December 31, 2020 to the year ended December 31, 2019

Revenues

Total revenues decreased by $23.2 million to $245.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2020, as compared to the year ended December 31, 2019. The decrease was primarily a result of:

A decrease in rental revenue of approximately $21.3 million arising primarily from the loss of rental income from leases that expired after December 31, 2019 and during the year ended December 31, 2020, compared to the year ended December 31, 2019. In December 2020, a tenant filed for bankruptcy and was put on a cash basis resulting in a $3.1 million charge against revenue to write-off receivables from the lease. These decreases were partially offset by rental income earned from leases commencing after December 31, 2019. Our leased space in our operating properties was 85.0% at December 31, 2020 and 87.6% at December 31, 2019.
A decrease of approximately $1.8 million in interest income from Sponsored REIT Loans primarily as a result of repayment of approximately $51 million of these loans in June 2019.

Expenses

Total expenses decreased by $7.4 million to $255.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2020, as compared to the year ended December 31, 2019. The decrease was primarily a result of:

A decrease in real estate operating expenses and real estate taxes and insurance of approximately $4.8 million.
A decrease to depreciation and amortization of approximately $2.4 million.
A decrease in interest expense of approximately $0.7 million. The decrease was primarily from lower interest rates during the year ended December 31, 2020 compared to the year ended December 31, 2019.

35

These decreases were partially offset by:

An increase in general and administrative expenses of $0.5 million, which was primarily attributable to an increase in public company related expenses.

Gain on sale of property

The Company sold an office property located in Durham, North Carolina on December 23, 2020 with a sales price of approximately $89.7 million, at a gain of approximately $41.9 million. The Company did not sell any properties during the year ended December 31, 2019.

Tax expense on income

Included in income taxes is the Revised Texas Franchise Tax, which is a tax on revenues from Texas properties, which decreased $144,000 and federal and other income taxes, which increased by $125,000, during the year ended December 31, 2020, as compared to the year ended December 31, 2019, primarily as a result of a refund arising due to the provisions of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 during the year ended December 31, 2019.

Net income

Net income for the year ended December 31, 2020 was $32.6 million compared to a net income of $6.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2019, for the reasons described above.

36

The following table shows financial results for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018.

Year ended December 31,

(in thousands)

    

2019

    

2018

    

Change

 

Revenues:

Rental

$

265,527

$

263,777

$

1,750

Related party revenue:

Management fees and interest income from loans

 

3,517

 

5,061

 

(1,544)

Other

 

21

 

32

 

(11)

Total revenues

 

269,065

 

268,870

 

195

Expenses:

Real estate operating expenses

 

72,311

 

70,703

 

1,608

Real estate taxes and insurance

 

47,871

 

45,857

 

2,014

Depreciation and amortization

 

90,909

 

94,230

 

(3,321)

General and administrative

 

14,473

 

13,070

 

1,403

Interest

 

36,757

 

38,374

 

(1,617)

Total expenses

 

262,321

 

262,234

 

87

Income before taxes on income and equity in
income of non-consolidated REITs

 

6,744

 

6,636

 

108

Taxes on income

 

269

 

360

 

(91)

Equity in income of non-consolidated REITs

 

 

6,793

 

(6,793)

Net income

$

6,475

$

13,069

$

(6,594)

Comparison of the year ended December 31, 2019 to the year ended December 31, 2018

Revenue

Total revenues increased by $0.2 million to $269.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2019, as compared to the year ended December 31, 2018. The increase was primarily a result of:

An increase in rental revenue of approximately $1.7 million arising primarily from increased termination fees for the year ended December 31, 2019, as compared to the year ended December 31, 2018, and rental income earned from leases commencing in 2019 and 2018, which was offset by the loss of rental income from leases that expired in 2019 and 2018. Our leased space in our operating properties was 87.6% at December 31, 2019 and 89.0% at December 31, 2018.

The increase was partially offset by:

A decrease in interest income from Sponsored REIT loans of approximately $1.5 million primarily as a result of repayment of an outstanding loan by a Sponsored REIT of approximately $51 million in June 2019.

Expenses

Total expenses increased by $0.1 million to $262.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2019, as compared to the year ended December 31, 2018. The increase was primarily a result of:

An increase in real estate operating expenses and real estate taxes and insurance of approximately $3.6 million.
An increase in general and administrative expenses of $1.4 million, which was primarily attributable to personnel related expenses and lease acquisition costs.

37

These increases were partially offset by:

A decrease in depreciation and amortization of approximately $3.3 million.
A decrease in interest expense of approximately $1.6 million. The decrease was primarily attributable to lower debt outstanding, which was partially offset by higher interest rates during the year ended December 31, 2019 compared to the year ended December 31, 2018.

Tax expense on income

Included in income taxes is the Revised Texas Franchise Tax, which is a tax on revenues from Texas properties, which increased $75,000, and federal and other income taxes, which decreased by $166,000, during the year ended December 31, 2019, as compared to the year ended December 31, 2018, primarily as a result of a refund arising due to the provisions of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017.

Equity in income of non-consolidated REITs

Equity in income from non-consolidated REITs was $6.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2018. All of our investments in non-consolidated REITs were liquidated during 2018. The equity in income during the year ended December 31, 2018 consisted of equity in income from our preferred stock investment in East Wacker of $7.2 million, which sold its property on September 24, 2018, and was partially offset by equity in loss from our preferred stock investment in Grand Boulevard of $0.1 million, which sold its property on July 19, 2018. In addition, for the three months ended June 30, 2018, we recognized an impairment charge of $0.3 million, which represented the other-than-temporary decline in the fair value below the carrying value of the Company’s investments in non-consolidated REITs.

Net income

Net income for the year ended December 31, 2019 was $6.5 million compared to net income of $13.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2018, for the reasons described above.

38

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Funds From Operations

The Company evaluates performance based on Funds From Operations, which we refer to as FFO, as management believes that FFO represents the most accurate measure of activity and is the basis for distributions paid to equity holders. The Company defines FFO as net income or loss (computed in accordance with GAAP), excluding gains (or losses) from sales of property, hedge ineffectiveness, acquisition costs of newly acquired properties that are not capitalized and lease acquisition costs that are not capitalized plus depreciation and amortization, including amortization of acquired above and below market lease intangibles and impairment charges on properties or investments in non-consolidated REITs, and after adjustments to exclude equity in income or losses from, and, to include the proportionate share of FFO from, non-consolidated REITs.

FFO should not be considered as an alternative to net income (determined in accordance with GAAP), nor as an indicator of the Company’s financial performance, nor as an alternative to cash flows from operating activities (determined in accordance with GAAP), nor as a measure of the Company’s liquidity, nor is it necessarily indicative of sufficient cash flow to fund all of the Company’s needs.

Other real estate companies and the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts, or NAREIT may define this term in a different manner. We have included the NAREIT FFO definition as of May 17, 2016 in the table and note that other REITs may not define FFO in accordance with the NAREIT definition or may interpret the current NAREIT definition differently than we do.

We believe that in order to facilitate a clear understanding of the results of the Company, FFO should be examined in connection with net income and cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities in the consolidated financial statements.

The calculations of FFO are shown in the following table:

For the Year December 31,

 

(in thousands):

2020

    

2019

    

2018

 

Net income

$

32,615

$

6,475

$

13,069

Gain on sale of property

 

(41,928)

 

 

Equity in income of non-consolidated REITs

 

 

 

(6,793)

FFO from non-consolidated REITs

 

 

 

2,511

Depreciation and amortization

 

88,244

 

90,507

 

93,674

NAREIT FFO

 

78,931

 

96,982

 

102,461

Lease Acquisition costs

 

467

 

560

 

Funds From Operations

$

79,398

$

97,542

$

102,461

Net Operating Income (NOI)

The Company provides property performance based on Net Operating Income, which we refer to as NOI. Management believes that investors are interested in this information. NOI is a non-GAAP financial measure that the Company defines as net income or loss (the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure) plus selling, general and administrative expenses, depreciation and amortization, including amortization of acquired above and below market lease intangibles and impairment charges, interest expense, less equity in earnings of nonconsolidated REITs, interest income, management fee income, hedge ineffectiveness, gains or losses on the sale of assets and excludes non-property specific income and expenses. The information presented includes footnotes and the data is shown by region with properties owned in the periods presented, which we call Same Store. The comparative Same Store results include properties held for the periods presented and exclude properties that are redevelopment properties. We also exclude properties that have been placed in service, but that do not have operating activity for all periods presented, dispositions and significant nonrecurring income such as bankruptcy settlements and lease termination fees. NOI, as defined by the

39

Company, may not be comparable to NOI reported by other REITs that define NOI differently. NOI should not be considered an alternative to net income or loss as an indication of our performance or to cash flows as a measure of the Company’s liquidity or its ability to make distributions. The calculations of NOI are shown in the following table:

 

Net Operating Income (NOI)*

 

    

    

Year

    

Year

    

    

 

(in thousands)

Rentable

Ended

Ended

Inc

%

 

Region

Square Feet

31-Dec-20

31-Dec-19

(Dec)

Change

East

 

573

$

4,846

$

4,840

$

6

 

0.1

%

MidWest

 

1,557

 

20,935

 

20,877

 

58

 

0.3

%

South

 

4,387

 

50,415

 

64,513

 

(14,098)

 

(21.9)

%

West

 

2,620

 

44,656

 

44,907

 

(251)

 

(0.6)

%

Property NOI from the continuing portfolio

 

9,137

 

120,852

 

135,137

 

(14,285)

 

(10.6)

%

Dispositions, Non-Operating, Development or Redevelopment

 

5,795

 

7,333

 

(1,538)

 

(0.5)

%

Property NOI

$

126,647

$

142,470

$

(15,823)

 

(11.1)

%

Same Store

$

120,852

$

135,137

$

(14,285)

 

(10.6)

%

Less Nonrecurring

Items in NOI (a)

 

1,532

 

8,577

 

(7,045)

 

4.9

%

Comparative

Same Store

$

119,320

$

126,560

$

(7,240)

 

(5.7)

%

Year

Year

Ended

Ended

Reconciliation to Net income

    

31-Dec-20

31-Dec-19

Net Income

$

32,615

$

6,475

Add (deduct):

Gain on sale of property

 

(41,928)

 

Management fee income

 

(1,872)

 

(2,526)

Depreciation and amortization

 

88,558

 

90,909

Amortization of above/below market leases

 

(313)

 

(402)

General and administrative

 

14,997

 

14,473

Interest expense

 

36,026

 

36,757

Interest income

 

(1,540)

 

(3,338)

Equity in losses of non-consolidated REITs

 

 

Non-property specific items, net

 

104

 

122

Property NOI

$

126,647

$

142,470

(a)Nonrecurring Items in NOI include proceeds from bankruptcies, lease termination fees or other significant nonrecurring income or expenses, which may affect comparability.

*

Excludes NOI from investments in and interest income from secured loans to non-consolidated REITs.

40

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Cash and cash equivalents were $4.2 million and $9.8 million at December 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively. The decrease of $5.6 million is attributable to $68.5 million provided by operating activities, plus $11.0 million provided by investing activities and less $85.1 million used in financing activities. Management believes that existing cash, cash anticipated to be generated internally by operations and our existing debt financing will be sufficient to meet working capital requirements, anticipated capital expenditures and anticipated payments of maturing debt for at least the next 12 months. We have extension options on our JPM Term Loan and BAML Revolver (discussed below), which management expects to exercise, or we may seek to replace this indebtedness with new loans or extend the current loans. Although there is no guarantee that we will be able to obtain the funds necessary for our future growth, we anticipate generating funds from continuing real estate operations. We believe that we have adequate funds to cover unusual expenses and capital improvements, in addition to normal operating expenses. Our ability to maintain or increase our level of dividends to stockholders, however, depends in significant part upon the level of rental income from our real properties and our interest costs.

Operating Activities

Cash provided by our operating activities of $68.5 million is primarily attributable to net income of $32.6 million excluding the gain on sale of a property of $41.9 million plus the add-back of $89.9 million of non-cash expenses and a $8.3 million increase in accounts payable and accrued expenses. These increases were partially offset by a $13.7 million increase in payments of deferred leasing commissions, a $3.8 million increase in tenant rent receivables, a $2.1 million increase in lease acquisition costs, a $0.7 million decrease in tenant security deposits and a $0.1 million increase in prepaid and other assets.

Investing Activities

Cash provided by investing activities for the year ended December 31, 2020 of $11.0 million is primarily attributable to cash proceeds from the sale of an office property located in Durham, North Carolina of approximately $88.9 million and partially offset by capital expenditures and office equipment investments of approximately $77.9 million.

Financing Activities

Cash used in financing activities for the year ended December 31, 2020 of $85.1 million is primarily attributable to net repayments on the JPM Term Loan (as defined below) of $50.0 million and distributions paid to stockholders of $38.6 million and was partially offset by net borrowings on the BAML Revolver (as defined below) of $3.5 million.

JPM Term Loan

On August 2, 2018, the Company entered into an Amended and Restated Credit Agreement with JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as administrative agent and lender (“JPMorgan”), and the other lending institutions party thereto (the “JPM Credit Agreement”), which provides a single unsecured bridge loan in the aggregate principal amount of $150 million (the “JPM Term Loan”). On December 24, 2020, the Company repaid a $50 million portion of the JPM Term Loan with a portion of the proceeds from the December 23, 2020 sale of its Durham, North Carolina property, so that $100 million remains fully advanced and outstanding under the JPM Term Loan. The JPM Term Loan matures on November 30, 2021, which maturity date may be extended by two additional six-month periods, or until November 30, 2022 (subject to specified exceptions). The JPM Term Loan was previously evidenced by a Credit Agreement, dated November 30, 2016, among the Company, JPMorgan, as administrative agent and lender, and the other lending institutions party thereto, as amended by a First Amendment, dated October 18, 2017.

The JPM Term Loan bears interest at either (i) a number of basis points over a LIBOR-based rate depending on the Company’s credit rating (125.0 basis points over a LIBOR-based rate at December 31, 2020) or (ii) a number of basis

41

points over the base rate depending on the Company’s credit rating (25.0 basis points over the base rate at December 31, 2020).

The margin over the LIBOR-based rate or base rate is determined based on the Company’s credit rating pursuant to the following grid:

    

    

LIBOR-BASED

    

 

CREDIT

RATE

BASE RATE

 

LEVEL

    

RATING

    

MARGIN

MARGIN

I

 

A-

/

A3 (or higher)

                

 

85.0

bps

bps

II

BBB+

/

Baa1

 

90.0

bps

bps

III

BBB

/

Baa2

 

100.0

bps

bps

IV

BBB-

/

Baa3

 

125.0

bps

25.0

bps

V

<BBB-

/

Baa3

 

165.0

bps

65.0

bps

For purposes of the JPM Term Loan, base rate means, for any day, a fluctuating rate per annum equal to the greatest of: (i) JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A.’s prime rate in effect on such day, (ii) the greater of the Federal Funds Rate or the overnight bank funding rate in effect on such day, plus 0.50% (but no less than zero), and (iii) the one month Adjusted LIBOR based rate for a such day plus 1.00%. For purposes of the JPM Term Loan, the LIBOR-based rate means, for any interest period, the LIBOR rate for a period equal in length to the applicable interest period multiplied by the statutory reserve rate. As of December 31, 2020, the Company’s credit rating from Moody’s Investors Service was Baa3.

Although the interest rate on the JPM Term Loan is variable under the JPM Credit Agreement, the Company fixed the LIBOR-based rate on a portion of the JPM Term Loan by entering into interest rate swap transactions. On March 7, 2019, the Company entered into ISDA Master Agreements with various financial institutions to hedge a $100 million portion of the future LIBOR-based rate risk under the JPM Credit Agreement. Effective March 29, 2019, the Company fixed the LIBOR-based rate at 2.44% per annum on the $100 million remaining portion of the JPM Term Loan until November 30, 2021. Accordingly, based upon the Company’s credit rating, as of December 31, 2020, the effective interest rate on the JPM Term Loan was 3.69% per annum.

Based upon the Company’s credit rating, as of December 31, 2020, the weighted average interest rate on the unhedged $50 million portion of the JPM Term Loan during the year ended December 31, 2020 was approximately 1.90% per annum. The $50 million portion of the JPM Term Loan was repaid on December 24, 2020. The weighted average interest rate on the JPM Term Loan during the year ended December 31, 2019 was approximately 3.54% per annum.

The JPM Credit Agreement contains customary affirmative and negative covenants for credit facilities of this type, including limitations with respect to indebtedness, liens, investments, mergers and acquisitions, disposition of assets, changes in business, certain restricted payments, the requirement to have subsidiaries provide a guaranty in the event that they incur recourse indebtedness and transactions with affiliates. The JPM Credit Agreement also contains financial covenants that require the Company to maintain a minimum tangible net worth, a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio, a maximum secured leverage ratio, a maximum leverage ratio, a maximum unencumbered leverage ratio, and minimum unsecured interest coverage. The JPM Credit Agreement provides for customary events of default with corresponding grace periods, including failure to pay any principal or interest when due, certain cross defaults and a change in control of the Company (as defined in the JPM Credit Agreement). In the event of a default by the Company, the administrative agent may, and at the request of the requisite number of lenders shall, declare all obligations under the JPM Credit Agreement immediately due and payable, and enforce any and all rights of the lenders or administrative agent under the JPM Credit Agreement and related documents. For certain events of default related to bankruptcy, insolvency, and receivership, all outstanding obligations of the Company will become immediately due and payable. We were in compliance with the JPM Term Loan financial covenants as of December 31, 2020.

BMO Term Loan

On September 27, 2018, the Company entered into a Second Amended and Restated Credit Agreement among the Company, the lending institutions party thereto and Bank of Montreal, as administrative agent (the “BMO Credit

42

Agreement”). The BMO Credit Agreement provides for a single, unsecured term loan borrowing in the amount of $220 million (the “BMO Term Loan”) that remains fully advanced and outstanding. The BMO Term Loan consists of a $55 million tranche A term loan and a $165 million tranche B term loan. The tranche A term loan matures on November 30, 2021 and the tranche B term loan matures on January 31, 2024. The BMO Credit Agreement also includes an accordion feature that allows up to $100 million of additional loans, subject to receipt of lender commitments and satisfaction of certain customary conditions.

The BMO Term Loan bears interest at either (i) a number of basis points over LIBOR depending on the Company’s credit rating (125 basis points over LIBOR at December 31, 2020) or (ii) a number of basis points over the base rate depending on the Company’s credit rating (25 basis points over the base rate at December 31, 2020).

The margin over LIBOR rate or base rate is determined based on the Company’s credit rating pursuant to the following grid:

    

CREDIT

    

LIBOR RATE

    

BASE RATE

 

LEVEL

RATING

MARGIN

MARGIN

 

I

A-

/

A3

(or higher)

 

85.0

bps

bps

II

BBB+

/

Baa1

 

90.0

bps

bps

III

BBB

/

Baa2

 

100.0

bps

bps

IV

BBB-

/

Baa3

 

125.0

bps

25.0

bps

V

<BBB-

/

Baa3

 

165.0

bps

65.0

bps

For purposes of the BMO Term Loan, base rate means, for any day, a fluctuating rate per annum equal to the highest of: (i) the bank’s prime rate for such day, (ii) the Federal Funds Rate for such day, plus 0.50%, and (iii) the one month LIBOR based rate for such day plus 1.00%. As of December 31, 2020, the Company’s credit rating from Moody’s Investors Service was Baa3.

Although the interest rate on the BMO Term Loan is variable under the BMO Credit Agreement, the Company fixed the base LIBOR interest rate by entering into interest rate swap transactions. On August 26, 2013, the Company entered into an ISDA Master Agreement with Bank of Montreal that fixed the base LIBOR interest rate on the BMO Term Loan at 2.32% per annum, which expired on August 26, 2020. On February 20, 2019, the Company entered into ISDA Master Agreements with a group of banks that fixed the base LIBOR interest rate on the BMO Term Loan at 2.39% per annum for the period beginning on August 26, 2020 and ending January 31, 2024. Accordingly, based upon the Company’s credit rating, as of December 31, 2020, the effective interest rate on the BMO Term Loan was 3.64% per annum.

The BMO Credit Agreement contains customary affirmative and negative covenants for credit facilities of this type, including limitations with respect to indebtedness, liens, investments, mergers and acquisitions, disposition of assets, changes in business, certain restricted payments, the requirement to have subsidiaries provide a guaranty in the event that they incur recourse indebtedness and transactions with affiliates. The BMO Credit Agreement also contains financial covenants that require the Company to maintain a minimum tangible net worth, a maximum leverage ratio, a maximum secured leverage ratio, a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio, a maximum unencumbered leverage ratio, and minimum unsecured interest coverage. The BMO Credit Agreement provides for customary events of default with corresponding grace periods, including failure to pay any principal or interest when due, certain cross defaults and a change in control of the Company (as defined in the BMO Credit Agreement). In the event of a default by the Company, the administrative agent may, and at the request of the requisite number of lenders shall, declare all obligations under the BMO Credit Agreement immediately due and payable, terminate the lenders’ commitments to make loans under the BMO Credit Agreement, and enforce any and all rights of the lenders or administrative agent under the BMO Credit Agreement and related documents. For certain events of default related to bankruptcy, insolvency, and receivership, the commitments of lenders will be automatically terminated and all outstanding obligations of the Company will become immediately due and payable. We were in compliance with the BMO Term Loan financial covenants as of December 31, 2020.

43

BAML Credit Facility

On July 21, 2016, the Company entered into a First Amendment (the “BAML First Amendment”), and on October 18, 2017, the Company entered into a Second Amendment (the “BAML Second Amendment”), to the Second Amended and Restated Credit Agreement dated October 29, 2014 among the Company, the lending institutions party thereto and Bank of America, N.A., as administrative agent, L/C Issuer and Swing Line Lender (as amended by the BAML First Amendment and the BAML Second Amendment, the “BAML Credit Facility”) that continued an existing unsecured revolving line of credit (the “BAML Revolver”) and an existing term loan (the “BAML Term Loan”).

BAML Revolver Highlights

The BAML Revolver is for borrowings, at the Company's election, of up to $600 million. Borrowings made pursuant to the BAML Revolver may be revolving loans, swing line loans or letters of credit, the combined sum of which may not exceed $600 million outstanding at any time.
Borrowings made pursuant to the BAML Revolver may be borrowed, repaid and reborrowed from time to time until the maturity date of January12, 2022. The Company has the right to extend the maturity date of the BAML Revolver by two additional 6 month periods, or until January 12, 2023, upon payment of a fee and satisfaction of certain customary conditions.
The BAML Credit Facility includes an accordion feature that allows for an aggregate amount of up to $500 million of additional borrowing capacity applicable to the BAML Revolver and/or the BAML Term Loan, subject to receipt of lender commitments and satisfaction of certain customary conditions.

As of December 31, 2020, there was $3,500,000 outstanding under the BAML Revolver. The BAML Revolver bears interest at either (i) a margin over LIBOR depending on the Company’s credit rating (1.20% over LIBOR at December 31, 2020) or (ii) a margin over the base rate depending on the Company’s credit rating (0.20% over the base rate at December 31, 2020). The BAML Credit Facility also obligates the Company to pay an annual facility fee in an amount that is also based on the Company’s credit rating. The facility fee is assessed against the total amount of the BAML Revolver, or $600 million (0.25% at December 31, 2020). The amount of any applicable facility fee, and the margin over LIBOR rate or base rate is determined based on the Company’s credit rating pursuant to the following grid.

    

    

LIBOR

    

    

Base

 

Rate

Facility

Rate

 

Level

Credit Rating

Margin

Fee

Margin

I

A-

/

A3

(or higher)

 

0.825

%

0.125

%

0.000

%

II

BBB+

/

Baa1

 

0.875

%

0.150

%

0.000

%

III

BBB

/

Baa2

 

1.000

%

0.200

%

0.000

%

IV

BBB-

/

Baa3

 

1.200

%

0.250

%

0.200

%

V

<BBB-

/

Baa3

 

1.550

%

0.300

%

0.550

%

For purposes of the BAML Credit Facility, base rate means, for any day, a fluctuating rate per annum equal to the highest of: (i) the bank’s prime rate for such day, (ii) the Federal Funds Rate for such day, plus 0.50%, and (iii) the one month LIBOR based rate for such day plus 1.00%. As of December 31, 2020, the Company’s credit rating from Moody’s Investors Service was Baa3.

Based upon the Company’s credit rating, as of December 31, 2020, the interest rate on the BAML Revolver was 1.34% per annum. As of December 31, 2020 there were borrowings of $3.5 million outstanding under the BAML Revolver. The weighted average interest rate on all amounts outstanding on the BAML Revolver during the year ended December 31, 2020, was approximately 1.65% per annum. The weighted average interest rate on all amounts outstanding on the BAML Revolver during the year ended December 31, 2019, was approximately 3.67% per annum.

BAML Term Loan Highlights

The BAML Term Loan is for $400 million.
The BAML Term Loan matures on January 12, 2023.

44

The BAML Credit Facility includes an accordion feature that allows for an aggregate amount of up to $500 million of additional borrowing capacity to the BAML Revolver and/or the BAML Term Loan, subject to receipt of lender commitments and satisfaction of certain customary conditions.
On September 27, 2012, the Company drew down the entire $400 million under the BAML Term Loan and such amount remains fully advanced and outstanding under the BAML Term Loan.

The BAML Term Loan bears interest at either (i) a margin over LIBOR depending on the Company’s credit rating (1.35% over LIBOR at December 31, 2020) or (ii) a margin over the base rate depending on the Company’s credit rating (0.35% over the base rate at December 31, 2020). The margin over LIBOR rate or base rate is determined based on the Company’s credit rating pursuant to the following grid:

    

LIBOR Rate

    

Base Rate

 

Level

Credit Rating

Margin

Margin

 

I

A-

/

A3

(or higher)

 

0.900

%  

0.000

%

II

BBB+

/

Baa1

 

0.950

%  

0.000

%

III

BBB

/

Baa2

 

1.100

%  

0.100

%

IV

BBB-

/

Baa3

 

1.350

%  

0.350

%

V

<BBB-

/

Baa3

 

1.750

%  

0.750

%

For purposes of the BAML Credit Facility, base rate means, for any day, a fluctuating rate per annum equal to the highest of: (i) the bank’s prime rate for such day, (ii) the Federal Funds Rate for such day, plus 0.50%, and (iii) the one month LIBOR based rate for such day plus 1.00%. As of December 31, 2020, the Company’s credit rating from Moody’s Investors Service was Baa3.

Although the interest rate on the BAML Credit Facility is variable, the Company fixed the base LIBOR interest rate on the BAML Term Loan by entering into interest rate swap transactions. On July 22, 2016, the Company entered into ISDA Master Agreements with a group of banks that fixed the base LIBOR interest rate on the BAML Term Loan at 1.12% per annum for the period beginning on September 27, 2017 and ending on September 27, 2021. Accordingly, based upon the Company’s credit rating, as of December 31, 2020, the effective interest rate on the BAML Term Loan was 2.47% per annum.

BAML Credit Facility General Information

The BAML Credit Facility contains customary affirmative and negative covenants for credit facilities of this type, including limitations with respect to indebtedness, liens, investments, mergers and acquisitions, disposition of assets, changes in business, certain restricted payments, the requirement to have subsidiaries provide a guaranty in the event that they incur recourse indebtedness and transactions with affiliates. The BAML Credit Facility also contains financial covenants that require the Company to maintain a minimum tangible net worth, a maximum leverage ratio, a maximum secured leverage ratio, a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio, a maximum unencumbered leverage ratio, and minimum unsecured interest coverage. The BAML Credit Facility provides for customary events of default with corresponding grace periods, including failure to pay any principal or interest when due, certain cross defaults and a change in control of the Company (as defined in the BAML Credit Facility). In the event of a default by the Company, the administrative agent may, and at the request of the requisite number of lenders shall, declare all obligations under the BAML Credit Facility immediately due and payable, terminate the lenders’ commitments to make loans under the BAML Credit Facility, and enforce any and all rights of the lenders or administrative agent under the BAML Credit Facility and related documents. For certain events of default related to bankruptcy, insolvency, and receivership, the commitments of lenders will be automatically terminated and all outstanding obligations of the Company will become immediately due and payable. We were in compliance with the BAML Credit Facility financial covenants as of December 31, 2020.

The Company may use the proceeds of the loans under the BAML Credit Facility to finance the acquisition of real properties and for other permitted investments; to finance investments associated with Sponsored REITs, to refinance or retire indebtedness and for working capital and other general business purposes, in each case to the extent permitted under the BAML Credit Facility.

45

Senior Notes

On October 24, 2017, the Company entered into a note purchase agreement (the “Note Purchase Agreement”) with the various purchasers named therein (the “Purchasers”) in connection with a private placement of senior unsecured notes. Under the Note Purchase Agreement, the Company agreed to sell to the Purchasers an aggregate principal amount of $200,000,000 of senior unsecured notes consisting of (i) 3.99% Series A Senior Notes due December 20, 2024 in an aggregate principal amount of $116 million (the “Series A Notes”) and (ii) 4.26% Series B Senior Notes due December 20, 2027 in an aggregate principal amount of $84 million (the “Series B Notes,” and, together with the Series A Notes, the “Senior Notes”). On December 20, 2017, the Senior Notes were funded and proceeds were used to reduce the outstanding balance of the BAML Revolver.

The Note Purchase Agreement contains customary financial covenants, including a maximum leverage ratio, a maximum secured leverage ratio, a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio, and a maximum unencumbered leverage ratio. The Note Purchase Agreement also contains restrictive covenants that, among other things, restrict the ability of the Company and its subsidiaries to enter into transactions with affiliates, merge, consolidate, create liens, make certain restricted payments, enter into certain agreements or prepay certain indebtedness. Such financial and restrictive covenants are substantially similar to the corresponding covenants contained in the BAML Credit Facility, the BMO Credit Agreement and the JPM Credit Agreement. The Senior Notes financial covenants require, among other things, the maintenance of a fixed charge coverage ratio of at least 1.50; a maximum leverage ratio and an unsecured leverage ratio of no more than 60% (65% if there were a significant acquisition for a short period of time). In addition, the Note Purchase Agreement provides that the Note Purchase Agreement will automatically incorporate additional financial and other specified covenants (such as limitations on investments and distributions) that are effective from time to time under the existing credit agreements, other material indebtedness or certain other private placements of debt of the Company and its subsidiaries. The Note Purchase Agreement contains customary events of default, including payment defaults, cross defaults with certain other indebtedness, breaches of covenants and bankruptcy events. In the case of an event of default, the Purchasers may, among other remedies, accelerate the payment of all obligations. We were in compliance with the Senior Notes financial covenants as of December 31, 2020.

Equity Offering

From time to time, we expect to issue debt securities, common stock, preferred stock or depository shares under a registration statement to fund the acquisition of additional properties, to pay down any existing debt financing and for other corporate purposes.

Contingencies

From time to time, we may provide financing to Sponsored REITs in the form of a construction loan and/or a revolving line of credit secured by a mortgage. As of December 31, 2020, we had one loan outstanding for $21 million principal amount with one Sponsored REIT under such arrangements for the purpose of funding construction costs, capital expenditures, leasing costs or for other purposes. We anticipate that advances made under these facilities will be repaid at their maturity date or earlier from refinancing, long term financings of the underlying properties, cash flows from the underlying properties or another other capital event.

We may be subject to various legal proceedings and claims that arise in the ordinary course of our business. Although occasional adverse decisions (or settlements) may occur, we believe that the final disposition of such matters will not have a material adverse effect on our financial position or results of operations.

Related Party Transactions

We intend to draw on the BAML Credit Facility in the future for a variety of corporate purposes, including the acquisition of properties that we acquire directly for our portfolio and for Sponsored REIT Loans as described below.

46

Loans to Sponsored REITs

Sponsored REIT Loans

From time to time we may make secured loans (“Sponsored REIT Loans”) to Sponsored REITs in the form of mortgage loans or revolving lines of credit to fund construction costs, capital expenditures, leasing costs and for other purposes. We anticipate that advances made under these facilities will be repaid at their maturity date or earlier from refinancing, long term financings of the underlying properties, cash flows from the underlying properties or another capital event. Each Sponsored REIT Loan is secured by a mortgage on the underlying property and has a term of approximately two to three years.

Our Sponsored REIT Loans subject us to credit risk. However, we believe that our position as asset manager of each of the Sponsored REITs helps mitigate that risk by providing us with unique insight and the ability to rely on qualitative analysis of the Sponsored REITs. Before making a Sponsored REIT Loan, we consider a variety of subjective factors, including the quality of the underlying real estate, leasing, the financial condition of the applicable Sponsored REIT and local and national market conditions. These factors are subject to change and we do not apply a formula or assign relative weights to the factors. Instead, we make a subjective determination after considering such factors collectively.

Additional information about our Sponsored REIT Loan outstanding as of December 31, 2020, including a summary table of our Sponsored REIT Loans, is incorporated herein by reference to Note 3, “Related Party Transactions and Investments in Non-Consolidated Entities - Management fees and interest income from loans”, in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in this report.

Other Considerations

We generally pay the ordinary annual operating expenses of our properties from the rental revenue generated by the properties. For the year ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively, the rental income exceeded the expenses for each individual property, with the exception of Stonecroft for the year ended December 31, 2020 and 801 Marquette for the year ended December 31, 2019.

Stonecroft had approximately 111,000 square feet of rentable space and became vacant in December 2019. We had no rental income and no operating expenses during the three months ended December 31, 2020 and we had no rental income and operating expenses of $514,000 for the year ended December 31, 2020.

801 Marquette had approximately 170,000 square feet of rentable space and became vacant in January 2016. On June 30, 2016, we commenced a redevelopment plan for the property and substantially completed the redevelopment in the second quarter of 2017. Redevelopment of 801 Marquette resulted in approximately 129,800 of net rentable square feet for the property. As of December 31, 2020, we have signed leases with three tenants for 119,000 square feet, or 91.8% of the rentable square feet of the property, for which two tenants leases have commenced and occupy 48,000 square feet, or 37% of rentable square feet at the property. As a result, rental income exceeded operating expenses during the year ended December 31, 2020. We had rental income of $278,000 and operating expenses of $319,000 during the three months ended December 31, 2019. We had rental income of $750,000 and operating expenses of $1,158,000 during the year ended December 31, 2019.

47

Rental Income Commitments

Our commercial real estate operations include the leasing of office buildings subject to leases with terms greater than one year. The leases thereon expire at various dates through 2037. Approximate undiscounted cash flows of rental income from non-cancelable operating leases as of December 31, 2020 is:

    

Year ending

 

(in thousands)

December 31,

 

2021

$

162,676

2022

 

146,031

2023

 

138,363

2024

 

127,269

2025

 

107,596

Thereafter (2026-2037)

 

361,423

$

1,043,358

Contractual Obligations

The following table sets forth our contractual obligations as of December 31, 2020:

Payment due by period

 

Contractual

(in thousands)

 

Obligations

    

Total

    

2021

    

2022

    

2023

    

2024

    

2025

    

Thereafter

BAML Revolver (1) (2)

$

5,098

$

1,547

$

3,551

$

$

$

$

JPM Term Loan (3) (4)

103,377

103,377

 

 

 

 

 

BAML Term Loan (3) (5)

 

415,165

 

8,864

 

5,976

 

400,325

 

 

 

BMO Term Loan Tranche A (3) (6)

 

56,832

56,832

-

 

BMO Term Loan Tranche B (3) (6)

183,528

6,006

6,006

6,006

165,510

Series A Notes (3)

134,386

4,628

4,628

4,628

120,502

Series B Notes (3)

108,939

3,578

3,578

3,578

3,578

3,578

91,049

Operating Lease

 

1,654

 

429

 

438

 

447

 

340

 

 

Total

$

1,008,979

$

185,261

$

24,177

$

414,984

$

289,930

$

3,578

$

91,049

(1)Amounts include principal and interest payments.
(2)Amounts reflect a facility fee calculated as 0.25% of the $600 million available to be drawn.
(3)Amounts include principal and interest payments.
(4)Interest payments were estimated based on an interest rate swap with an effective interest rate of 3.69% per annum on $100 million as of December 31, 2020.
(5)The BAML Term Loan has an interest rate swap with an effective interest rate of 2.47% per annum as of December 31, 2020, which was used for estimating interest. The swap expires on September 27, 2021. Interest payments between September 27, 2021 and maturity were estimated based on the variable rate in effect as of December 31, 2020, which was at an annual rate of 1.44%.
(6)The BMO Term Loan has an interest rate swap with an effective interest rate of 3.64% per annum as of December 31, 2020, which was used for estimating interest.

The operating lease in the table above consists of our lease of corporate office space, which commenced September 1, 2010, and was amended on October 25, 2016. The amended lease expires on September 30, 2024 and has one five year renewal option. The lease includes a base annual rent and additional rent for our share of taxes and operating costs.

In addition to the amounts in the table above, from time to time, we may provide Sponsored REIT Loans to our Sponsored REITs. As of December 31, 2020, we had one Sponsored REIT Loan with $21 million principal amount outstanding. Additional information about our Sponsored REIT Loan outstanding as of December 31, 2020, including a summary table of our Sponsored REIT Loan, is incorporated herein by reference to Note 3, “Related Party Transactions

48

and Investments in Non-Consolidated Entities - Management fees and interest income from loans”, in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in this report.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

Investments in Sponsored REITs

Previously we operated in the investment banking segment, and in December 2011, we discontinued those activities. The investment banking segment involved the structuring of real estate investments and broker/dealer services that included the organization of Sponsored REITs, the acquisition and development of real estate on behalf of Sponsored REITs and the raising of capital to equitize the Sponsored REITs through sale of preferred stock in private placements. On December 15, 2011, we announced that our broker/dealer subsidiary, FSP Investments LLC, would no longer sponsor the syndication of shares of preferred stock in newly-formed Sponsored REITs. On July 15, 2014, FSP Investments LLC withdrew its registration as a broker/dealer with FINRA.

The Sponsored REITs own real estate, purchases of which were financed through the private placement of equity in those entities, typically through syndication. These Sponsored REITs are operated in a manner intended to qualify as real estate investment trusts. We earned fees related to the sale of preferred stock in the Sponsored REITs in these syndications. The Sponsored REITs issued both common stock and preferred stock. The common stock is owned by FSP Corp. Generally the preferred stock is owned by unaffiliated investors, however, we held an interest in preferred shares of two Sponsored REITs, which were liquidated during 2018. In addition, directors and officers of FSP Corp., have from time to time invested in Sponsored REITs. Following consummation of the offerings, the preferred stockholders in each of the Sponsored REITs were entitled to 100% of the Sponsored REIT’s cash distributions. Subsequent to the completion of the offering of preferred shares, except for the preferred stock we previously owned, we do not share in any of the Sponsored REIT’s earnings, or any related dividend, and the common stock ownership interests have virtually no economic benefit or risk.

As a common stockholder, we have no rights to the Sponsored REIT’s earnings or any related cash distributions. However, upon liquidation of a Sponsored REIT, we are entitled to our percentage interest as a common stockholder in any proceeds remaining after the preferred stockholders have recovered their investment. Our common stock percentage interest in each Sponsored REIT is less than 1%. The affirmative vote of the holders of a majority of the Sponsored REIT’s preferred stockholders is required for any actions involving merger, sale of property, amendment to charter or issuance of additional capital stock. In addition, all of the Sponsored REITs allow the holders of more than 50% of the outstanding preferred shares to remove (without cause) and replace one or more members of that Sponsored REIT’s board of directors.

We previously acquired a preferred stock interest in three Sponsored REITs, including one that sold the property owned by it on September 24, 2018, one that sold the property owned by it on July 19, 2018 and one that sold the property owned by it on December 20, 2012 and each made a liquidating distribution to us; and one we acquired on May 15, 2008 by cash merger and another we acquired on April 30, 2006 by merger. As a result of our common stock interest and during the period we owned our preferred stock interests in the remaining two Sponsored REITs, we exercised influence over, but do not control these entities. These preferred share investments were accounted for using the equity method. Under the equity method of accounting our cost basis was adjusted by our share of the Sponsored REITs’ operations and distributions received. We also agreed to vote our preferred shares in any matter presented to a vote by the stockholders of these Sponsored REITs in the same proportion as shares voted by other stockholders of the Sponsored REITs.

At December 31, 2020, 2019 and 2018, we held a common stock interest in 2, 2 and 3 Sponsored REITs, respectively, all of which were fully syndicated and in which we no longer share economic benefit or risk.

From time to time, we may provide Sponsored REIT Loans to our Sponsored REITs. As of December 31, 2020, we had one Sponsored REIT Loan with $21 million principal amount outstanding. Additional information about our Sponsored REIT Loan outstanding as of December 31, 2020, including a summary table of our Sponsored REIT Loan, is incorporated herein by reference to Note 3, “Related Party Transactions and Investments in Non-Consolidated

49

Entities - Management fees and interest income from loans”, in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in this report.

Item 7A.Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

Market Rate Risk

We are exposed to changes in interest rates primarily from our floating rate borrowing arrangements. We use interest rate derivative instruments to manage exposure to interest rate changes. As of December 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, if market rates on our outstanding borrowings under the BAML Revolver and the floating rate portion of the JPM Term Loan increased by 10% at maturity, or approximately 13 and 31 basis points, respectively, over the current variable rate, the increase in interest expense would decrease future earnings and cash flows by approximately $5,000 and $153,000 annually, respectively. Based upon our credit rating, the interest rate on the BAML Revolver as of December 31, 2020 was LIBOR plus 120 basis points, or 1.34% per annum. On December 24, 2020, we repaid the $50 million portion of the JPM Term Loan that was at a floating rate. Based upon our credit rating, the interest rate on the $50 million portion of the JPM Term Loan that was not subject to interest rate swap transactions as of December 31, 2019 was the LIBOR-based rate plus 125 basis points, or 2.96% per annum. We do not believe that the interest rate risk on the BAML Revolver is material as of December 31, 2020.

Although the interest rates on the BMO Term Loan, the BAML Term Loan and the JPM Term Loan are variable, the Company fixed the base LIBOR interest rates on the BMO Term Loan and the BAML Term Loan, and the LIBOR-based rate on the remaining $100 million portion of the JPM Term Loan, by entering into interest rate swap agreements. On July 22, 2016, the Company fixed the interest rate for the period beginning on September 27, 2017 and ending on September 27, 2021 on the BAML Term Loan with multiple interest rate swap agreements (the “2017 Interest Rate Swap”). On March 7, 2019, the Company fixed the interest rate for the period beginning on March 29, 2019 and ending on November 30, 2021 for the notional value of $100 million on the JPM Term Loan with interest rate swap agreements (the “2019 JPM Interest Rate Swap”). On February 20, 2019, the Company fixed the interest rate for the period beginning August 26, 2020 and ending January 31, 2024 on the BMO Term Loan with interest rate swap agreements (the “2019 BMO Interest Rate Swap”). Accordingly, based upon our credit rating, as of December 31, 2020, the interest rate on the BAML Term Loan was 2.47% per annum, the interest rate on the BMO Term Loan was 3.64% per annum, and the interest rate on $100 million of the JPM Term Loan was 3.69% per annum. The fair value of these interest rate swaps are affected by changes in market interest rates. We believe that we have mitigated interest rate risk with respect to the BAML Term Loan through the 2017 Interest Rate Swap from September 27, 2017 until September 27, 2021. We believe that we have mitigated interest rate risk with respect to the BMO Term Loan through the 2019 BMO Interest Rate Swap until January 31, 2024. We believe that we have mitigated the interest rate risk on the remaining $100 million portion of the JPM Term Loan until November 30, 2021 with the 2019 JPM Interest Rate Swap. These interest rate swaps were our only derivative instruments as of December 31, 2020.

The table below lists our derivative instruments, which are hedging variable cash flows related to interest on our BAML Term Loan, BMO Term Loan and a portion of the JPM Term Loan as of December 31, 2020 (in thousands):

    

Notional

    

Strike

    

Effective

    

Expiration

Fair Value (2) at December 31,

(in thousands)

Value

Rate

Date

Date

2020

 

2019

 

2017 Interest Rate Swap

$

400,000

 

1.12

%  

Sep-17

 

Sep-21

$

(2,947)

$

3,022

2019 JPM Interest Rate Swap

$

100,000

 

2.44

%  

Mar-19

 

Nov-21

$

(2,102)

$

(1,634)

2019 BMO Interest Rate Swap (1)

$

220,000

 

2.39

%  

Aug-20

 

Jan-24

$

(12,262)

$

(5,107)

2013 BMO Interest Rate Swap

$

220,000

 

2.32

%  

Aug-13

 

Aug-20

$

$

(963)

(1) The Notional Value will decrease to $165 million on November 30, 2021.

(2) Classified within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy.

Our BMO Term Loan, BAML Term Loan and JPM Term Loan hedging transactions used derivative instruments that involve certain additional risks such as counterparty credit risk, the enforceability of hedging contracts and the risk that unanticipated and significant changes in interest rates will cause a significant loss of basis in either or

50

both of the contracts. We require our derivatives contracts to be with counterparties that have investment grade ratings. As a result, we do not anticipate that any counterparty will fail to meet its obligations. However, there can be no assurance that we will be able to adequately protect against the foregoing risks or that we will ultimately realize an economic benefit that exceeds the related amounts incurred in connection with engaging in such hedging strategies.

The Company’s derivatives are recorded at fair value in other assets and liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets, the effective portion of the derivatives’ fair value is recorded to other comprehensive income in the consolidated statements of other comprehensive income (loss) and prior to January 1, 2019, the ineffective portion of the derivatives’ fair value was recognized directly into earnings as Other in the consolidated statements of income.

The following table presents, as of December 31, 2020, our contractual variable rate borrowings under our BAML Revolver, which matures on January 12, 2022, under our JPM Term Loan, which matures on November 30, 2021, under our BAML Term Loan, which matures on January 12, 2023, under our BMO Term Loan Tranche A, which matures on November 30, 2021, under our BMO Term Loan Tranche B, which matures on January 31, 2024, under our Series A Notes, which mature on December 20, 2024, and under our Series B Notes, which mature on December 20, 2027. Under the BAML Revolver and the JPM Term Loan, we have the right to extend the initial maturity date with two additional six month extensions, or until January 12, 2023 and November 30, 2022, respectively, upon payment of a fee and satisfaction of certain customary conditions.

Payment due by period

 

(in thousands)

 

    

Total

    

2021

    

2022

    

2023

    

2024

    

2025

    

Thereafter

 

BAML Revolver

$

3,500

$

$

3,500

$

$

$

$

JPM Term Loan

100,000

100,000

 

 

BAML Term Loan

 

400,000

 

400,000

 

 

BMO Term Loan Tranche A

 

55,000

55,000

 

 

BMO Term Loan Tranche B

165,000

165,000

Series A Notes

116,000

116,000

 

 

Series B Notes

 

84,000

 

 

84,000

Total

$

923,500

$

155,000

$

3,500

$

400,000

$

281,000

$

$

84,000

Item 8.Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

The information required by this item is included in the financial pages following the Exhibit Index herein and incorporated herein by reference. Reference is made to the Index to Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 15 of Part IV.

Item 9.Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

Not applicable.

Item 9A.Controls and Procedures

Disclosure Controls and Procedures

Our management, with the participation of our chief executive officer and chief financial officer, evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of December 31, 2020. The term “disclosure controls and procedures,” as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), means controls and other procedures of a company that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by a company in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by a company in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to the company’s management, including its principal executive and principal financial officers, as appropriate to allow

51

timely decisions regarding required disclosure. Management recognizes that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving their objectives and management necessarily applies its judgment in evaluating the cost-benefit relationship of possible controls and procedures. Based on the evaluation of our disclosure controls and procedures as of December 31, 2020, our chief executive officer and chief financial officer concluded that, as of such date, our disclosure controls and procedures were effective at the reasonable assurance level.

Management’s Annual Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

The management of the Company is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting. Internal control over financial reporting is defined in Rules 13a-15(f) or 15d-15(f) promulgated under the Exchange Act as a process designed by, or under the supervision of, the Company’s principal executive and principal financial officer and effected by the Company’s board of directors, management and other personnel, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles and includes those policies and procedures that:

Pertain to the maintenance of records that in reasonable detail accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the Company;

Provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the Company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the Company; and

Provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of the Company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

The Company’s management assessed the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2020. In making this assessment, the Company’s management used the criteria set forth by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO) in Internal Control-Integrated Framework, 2013 framework.

Based on our assessment, management concluded that, as of December 31, 2020, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting is effective based on those criteria.

Ernst & Young LLP, the independent registered public accounting firm that audited our financial statements included elsewhere in this annual report on Form 10-K, has issued an attestation report on our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2020. Please see page F-3.

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

No change in our internal control over financial reporting occurred during the quarter ended December 31, 2020 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

Item 9B.Other Information

None.

52

PART III

Certain information required by Part III of this Form 10-K will be contained in our definitive proxy statement pursuant to Regulation 14A (the “Proxy Statement”) which we plan to file not later than 120 days after the end of the fiscal year covered by this Annual Report on Form 10-K, and is incorporated herein by reference.

Item 10.Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

The response to this item is contained under the caption “Information about our Executive Officers” in Part I hereof and in the Proxy Statement under the captions “CORPORATE GOVERNANCE”, “PROPOSAL 1 - ELECTION OF DIRECTORS” and, if applicable, “DELINQUENT SECTION 16(a) REPORTS” and is incorporated herein by reference.

Our board of directors has adopted a code of business conduct and ethics that applies to all of our executive officers, directors and employees. The code was approved by the nominating and corporate governance committee of our board of directors and by the full board of directors. We have posted a current copy of our code under “Corporate Governance” in the “Investor Relations” section of our website at http://www.fspreit.com. To the extent permitted by applicable rules of the NYSE American, we intend to satisfy the disclosure requirements under Item 5.05 of Form 8-K regarding an amendment to, or waiver from, a provision of the code of business conduct and ethics with respect to our principal executive officer, principal financial officer, principal accounting officer or controller, or persons performing similar functions, by posting such information on our website.

Item 11.Executive Compensation

The response to this item is contained in the Proxy Statement under the captions “COMPENSATION DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS” and “DIRECTOR COMPENSATION AND STOCK OWNERSHIP GUIDELINES” and is incorporated herein by reference.

The “Compensation Committee Report” contained in the Proxy Statement shall not be deemed “soliciting material” or “filed” with the SEC or otherwise subject to the liabilities of Section 18 of the Exchange Act, nor shall it be deemed incorporated by reference in any filing under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”) or the Exchange Act, except to the extent we specifically request that such information be treated as soliciting material or specifically incorporate such information by reference into a document filed under the Securities Act or the Exchange Act.

Item 12.Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

The response to this item is contained in the Proxy Statement under the captions “SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT” and “SECURITIES AUTHORIZED FOR ISSUANCE UNDER EQUITY COMPENSATION PLANS” and is incorporated herein by reference.

Item 13.Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

The response to this item is contained in the Proxy Statement under the captions “PROPOSAL 1 - ELECTION OF DIRECTORS”, “CORPORATE GOVERNANCE” and “TRANSACTIONS WITH RELATED PERSONS” and is incorporated herein by reference.

Item 14.Principal Accounting Fees and Services

The response to this item is contained in the Proxy Statement under the caption “INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTANTS FEES AND SERVICES” and is incorporated herein by reference.

53

PART IV

Item 15.Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules.

(a)The following documents are filed as part of this report:

1.Financial Statements:

The Financial Statements listed in the accompanying Index to Consolidated Financial Statements are filed as part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

2.Financial Statement Schedules:

The Financial Statement Schedules listed on the accompanying Index to Consolidated Financial Statements are filed as part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Schedules other than those listed are omitted as they are not applicable or the required or equivalent information has been included in the financial statements or notes thereto.

3.Exhibits:

54

EXHIBIT INDEX

Exhibit No.

    

Description

3.1 (1)

Articles of Incorporation, as amended.

3.2 (2)

Amended and Restated By-laws.

4.1 (3)

Description of Securities Registered Under Section 12 of the Exchange Act.

10.1+ (4)

2002 Stock Incentive Plan of FSP Corp.

10.2 (5)

Second Amended and Restated Credit Agreement, dated September 27, 2018, among FSP Corp., Bank of Montreal and the other parties thereto.

10.3 (6)

Second Amended and Restated Credit Agreement, dated October 29, 2014, among FSP Corp., Bank of America, N.A. and the other parties thereto.

10.4 (7)

First Amendment to Second Amended and Restated Credit Agreement, dated July 21, 2016, among FSP Corp., Bank of America, N.A. and the other parties thereto.

10.5 (8)

Second Amendment to Second Amended and Restated Credit Agreement, dated October 18, 2017, among FSP Corp., Bank of America, N.A., and the other parties thereto.

10.6 (9)

Amended and Restated Credit Agreement, dated August 2, 2018, among FSP Corp., JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. and the other parties thereto.

10.7 (10)

Note Purchase Agreement, dated October 24, 2017, among FSP Corp. and the other parties named therein as purchasers.

10.8+(11)

Form of Retention Agreement.

10.9+(12)

Change in Control Discretionary Plan.

21.1*

Subsidiaries of the Registrant.

23.1*

Consent of Ernst & Young LLP.

31.1*

Certification of FSP Corp.’s Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

31.2*

Certification of FSP Corp.’s Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

32.1*

Certification of FSP Corp.’s Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

32.2*

Certification of FSP Corp.’s Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

101*

The following materials from FSP Corp.’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, formatted in iXBRL (inline eXtensible Business Reporting Language): (i) the Consolidated Balance Sheets; (ii) the Consolidated Statements of Income; (iii) the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows; (iv) the Consolidated Statements of Other Comprehensive Income; and (v) the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

104

Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101).

55

(1)

Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to FSP Corp.’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed on July 30, 2019 (File No. 001-32470).

(2)

Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.2 to FSP Corp.’s Current Report on Form 10-Q, filed on August 4, 2020 (File No. 001-32470).

(3)

Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to FSP Corp.’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed on February 11, 2020 (File No. 000-32470).

(4)

Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to FSP Corp.’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed on March 29, 2002 (File No. 000-32615).

(5)

Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to FSP Corp.’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on September 27, 2018 (File No. 001-32470).

(6)

Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to FSP Corp.’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on October 29, 2014 (File No. 001-32470).

(7)

Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to FSP Corp.’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on July 27, 2016 (File No. 001-32470).

(8)

Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to FSP Corp.’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on October 24, 2017 (File No. 001-32470)

(9)

Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to FSP Corp.’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on August 2, 2018 (File No. 001-32470).

(10)

Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.4 to FSP Corp.’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on October 24, 2017 (File No. 001-32470)

(11)

Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.5 to FSP Corp.’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed on February 24, 2006 (File No. 001-32470).

(12)

Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 99.2 to FSP Corp.’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on February 8, 2006 (File No. 001-32470).

+

Management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement filed as an Exhibit to this Form 10-K pursuant to Item 15(b) of Form 10-K.

*

Filed herewith.

56

Item 16.Form 10-K Summary

Not applicable.

57

SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf as of February 16, 2021 by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

FRANKLIN STREET PROPERTIES CORP.

By:

/s/ George J. Carter

George J. Carter

Chief Executive Officer

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.

Signature

    

Title

    

Date

/s/ George J. Carter

Chief Executive Officer and Director (Principal Executive Officer)

February 16, 2021

George J. Carter

/s/ John G. Demeritt

Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer (Principal Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer)

February 16, 2021

John G. Demeritt

/s/ John N. Burke

Director

February 16, 2021

John Burke

/s/ Brian N. Hansen

Director

February 16, 2021

Brian N. Hansen

/s/ Kenneth A. Hoxsie

Director

February 16, 2021

Kenneth Hoxsie

/s/ Dennis J. McGillicuddy

Director

February 16, 2021

Dennis J. McGillicuddy

/s/ Georgia Murray

Director

February 16, 2021

Georgia Murray

/s/ Kathryn P. O’Neil

Director

February 16, 2021

Kathryn P. O’Neil

58

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F-2

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

To the Stockholders and Board of Directors of Franklin Street Properties Corp.:

Opinion on Internal Control over Financial Reporting

We have audited Franklin Street Properties Corp.’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2020, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (2013 framework) (the COSO criteria). In our opinion, Franklin Street Properties Corp. (the Company) maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2020, based on the COSO criteria.

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the consolidated balance sheets of the Company as of December 31, 2020 and 2019, and the related consolidated statements of income, comprehensive income (loss), stockholders’ equity and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2020 and the related notes and financial statement schedules listed in the index at Item 15(a)(2) and our report dated February 16, 2021 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.

Basis for Opinion

The Company’s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting, and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting included in Item 9A of Franklin Street Properties Corp.’s Annual Report on Form 10-K under the heading Management’s Annual Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects.

Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk, and performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

Definition and Limitations of Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

/s/ Ernst & Young LLP

Boston, Massachusetts

February 16, 2021

F-3

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

To the Stockholders and Board of Directors of Franklin Street Properties Corp.:

Opinion on the Financial Statements

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Franklin Street Properties Corp. (the Company) as of December 31, 2020 and 2019, the related consolidated statements of income, comprehensive income (loss), stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2020 and the related notes and financial statement schedules listed in the Index at Item 15(a)(2) (collectively referred to as the “consolidated financial statements”). In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company at December 31, 2020 and 2019 and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2020, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2020, based on criteria established in Internal Control-Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (2013 Framework) and our report dated February 16, 2021 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.

Basis for Opinion

These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

Critical Audit Matters

The critical audit matters communicated below are matters arising from the current period audit of the financial statements that were communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that: (1) relate to accounts or disclosures that are material to the financial statements and (2) involved our especially challenging, subjective or complex judgments. The communication of critical audit matters does not alter in any way our opinion on the consolidated financial statements, taken as a whole, and we are not, by communicating the critical audit matters below, providing separate opinions on the critical audit matters or on the accounts or disclosures to which they relate.

F-4

Measurement of related party mortgage loan receivable

Description of the Matter

The Company’s related party mortgage loan portfolio consisted of a loan totaling $21 million as of December 31, 2020. The Company determined that no allowance for loan loss was required for this loan. As discussed in Note 2 to the consolidated financial statements, management evaluates whether a loss has been incurred based on expected performance, cash flow and the value of underlying real estate for secured lending.

Auditing the Company’s estimate of the allowance for loan losses for mortgage loans involved a high degree of subjectivity in evaluating management’s assumptions of the valuation of underlying real estate for secured lending.

How We Addressed the Matter in Our Audit

We tested the design and operating effectiveness of the Company’s controls over the allowance for loan loss process. This included controls over the expected performance of the loan and the valuation of real estate collateral for secured lending.

Our testing of the measurement of the related party mortgage loan receivable included, among other procedures, testing the completeness and accuracy of data used in the valuation of real estate collateral and, with the assistance of our valuation specialists, evaluating management’s assumptions used in the valuation of the underlying real estate. For example, we compared the assumptions of expected performance of the underlying real estate to market data, performed a sensitivity analysis to evaluate the assumptions that were most significant to the estimate of value and recalculated management’s estimate.

Impairment assessment of real estate assets

Description of the Matter

The Company’s real estate assets, net totaled $1.6 billion as of December 31, 2020. As described in Note 2 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company reviews its properties to determine if their carrying amounts will be recovered from future operating cash flows if certain indicators of impairment are identified.

Auditing the Company's impairment assessment involved a high degree of subjectivity as estimates underlying the determination of recoverability were based on assumptions affected by expected future market conditions and leasing activity. Assumptions included in the Company’s recoverability assessment included the rental rates and future occupancy of the Company’s real estate properties.

How We Addressed the Matter in Our Audit

We tested the design and operating effectiveness of controls over the Company’s impairment process. For example, we tested controls over management’s review of important assumptions underlying projections used in the Company’s recoverability assessment.

Our testing of the Company’s impairment assessment included, among other procedures, evaluating the significant assumptions used to estimate future undiscounted cash flows used in the recoverability assessment. For example, we compared assumptions of future market conditions to current market data and performed a sensitivity analysis to evaluate the assumptions that were most significant to the estimate of undiscounted cash flows and recalculated management’s estimate.

/s/ Ernst & Young LLP

We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2003.

Boston, Massachusetts

February 16, 2021

F-5

Franklin Street Properties Corp.

Consolidated Balance Sheets

December 31,

 

(in thousands)

    

2020

    

2019

 

Assets:

Real estate assets:

Land

$

189,155

$

191,578

Buildings and improvements

 

1,938,629

 

1,924,664

Fixtures and equipment

 

12,949

 

11,665

 

2,140,733

 

2,127,907

Less accumulated depreciation

 

538,717

 

490,697

Real estate assets, net

 

1,602,016

 

1,637,210

Acquired real estate leases, less accumulated amortization of $55,447 and $60,749, respectively

 

28,206

 

40,704

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

4,150

 

9,790

Tenant rent receivables

 

7,656

 

3,851

Straight-line rent receivable

 

67,789

 

66,881

Prepaid expenses and other assets

 

5,752

 

7,246

Other assets: derivative asset

 

 

3,022

Related party mortgage loan receivable

 

21,000

 

21,000

Office computers and furniture, net of accumulated depreciation of $1,443 and $1,362, respectively

 

163

 

183

Deferred leasing commissions, net of accumulated amortization of $30,411 and $28,114, respectively

 

56,452

 

52,767

Total assets

$

1,793,184

$

1,842,654

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

F-6

Franklin Street Properties Corp.

Consolidated Balance Sheets

December 31,

 

(in thousands, except share and par value amounts)

    

2020

    

2019

 

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity:

Liabilities:

Bank note payable

$

3,500

$

Term loans payable, less unamortized financing costs of $2,677 and $4,267, respectively

 

717,323

 

765,733

Series A & Series B Senior Notes, less unamortized financing costs of $822 and $985, respectively

199,178

199,015

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

72,058

 

66,658

Accrued compensation

 

3,918

 

3,400

Tenant security deposits

 

8,677

 

9,346

Lease liability

1,536

1,890

Other liabilities: derivative liabilities

 

17,311

 

7,704

Acquired unfavorable real estate leases, less accumulated amortization of $4,031 and $4,676, respectively

 

1,592

 

2,512

Total liabilities

 

1,025,093

 

1,056,258

Commitments and contingencies

Stockholders’ Equity:

Preferred stock, $.0001 par value, 20,000,000 shares authorized, NaN issued or outstanding

 

 

Common stock, $.0001 par value, 180,000,000 shares authorized, 107,328,199 and 107,269,201 shares issued and outstanding, respectively

 

11

 

11

Additional paid-in capital

 

1,357,131

 

1,356,794

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

 

(17,311)

 

(4,682)

Distributions in excess of accumulated earnings

 

(571,740)

 

(565,727)

Total stockholders’ equity

 

768,091

 

786,396

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

$

1,793,184

$

1,842,654

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

F-7

Franklin Street Properties Corp.

Consolidated Statements of Income

For the Year Ended

 

December 31,

 

(in thousands, except per share amounts)

    

2020

    

2019

    

2018

 

 

Revenues:

Rental

$

244,207

$

265,527

$

263,777

Related party revenue:

Management fees and interest income from loans

 

1,610

 

3,517

 

5,061

Other

 

31

 

21

 

32

Total revenues

 

245,848

 

269,065

 

268,870

Expenses:

Real estate operating expenses

 

66,940

 

72,311

 

70,703

Real estate taxes and insurance

 

48,390

 

47,871

 

45,857

Depreciation and amortization

 

88,558

 

90,909

 

94,230

General and administrative

 

14,997

 

14,473

 

13,070

Interest

 

36,026

 

36,757

 

38,374

Total expenses

 

254,911

 

262,321

 

262,234

Gain on sale of property

41,928

Income before taxes on income and equity in income of non-consolidated REITs

 

32,865

 

6,744

 

6,636

Tax expense on income

 

250

 

269

 

360

Equity in income of non-consolidated REITs

 

 

 

6,793

Net income

$

32,615

$

6,475

$

13,069

Weighted average number of shares outstanding, basic and diluted

 

107,303

 

107,233

 

107,231

Net income per share, basic and diluted

$

0.30

$

0.06

$

0.12

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

F-8

Franklin Street Properties Corp.

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss)

For the

 

Year Ended

 

December 31,

 

(in thousands)

 

2020

    

2019

    

2018

 

 

Net income

$

32,615

$

6,475

$

13,069

Other comprehensive income (loss):

Unrealized gain (loss) on derivative financial instruments

 

(12,629)

 

(19,447)

 

2,599

 

Total other comprehensive income (loss)

 

(12,629)

 

(19,447)

 

2,599

Comprehensive income (loss)

$

19,986

$

(12,972)

$

15,668

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

F-9

Franklin Street Properties Corp.

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

 

 

Accumulated

Distributions

 

Additional

other

in excess of

Total

 

Common Stock

Paid-In

comprehensive

accumulated

Stockholders’

 

(in thousands)

    

Shares

    

Amount

    

Capital

    

income (loss)

    

earnings

    

Equity

 

 

Balance, December 31, 2017

 

107,231

 

$

11

 

$

1,356,457

 

$

12,166

 

$

(497,342)

 

$

871,292

Comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

 

 

2,599

 

13,069

 

15,668

Distributions

 

 

 

 

 

(49,326)

 

(49,326)

Balance, December 31, 2018

 

107,231

 

11

 

1,356,457

 

14,765

 

(533,599)

 

837,634

Comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

(19,447)

 

6,475

 

(12,972)

Shares issued for:

Equity-based compensation

38

337

337

Distributions

 

 

 

 

 

(38,603)

 

(38,603)

Balance, December 31, 2019

 

107,269

 

11

 

1,356,794

 

(4,682)

 

(565,727)

 

786,396

Comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

 

 

(12,629)

 

32,615

 

19,986

Shares issued for:

Equity-based compensation

59

337

337

Distributions

 

 

 

 

 

(38,628)

 

(38,628)

Balance, December 31, 2020

 

107,328

$

11

$

1,357,131

$

(17,311)

$

(571,740)

$

768,091

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

F-10

Franklin Street Properties Corp.

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

For the Year Ended December 31,

 

(in thousands)

    

2020

    

2019

    

2018

 

Cash flows from operating activities:

Net income

$

32,615

$

6,475

$

13,069

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

Depreciation and amortization expense

 

91,581

 

93,787

 

97,171

Amortization of above and below market leases

 

(313)

 

(402)

 

(556)

Shares issued as compensation

337

 

337

 

Gain on sale of property

 

(41,928)

 

 

Equity in income of non-consolidated REITs

 

 

 

(6,793)

Decrease in allowance for doubtful accounts
and write-off of accounts receivable

 

(13)

 

(71)

 

(50)

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

Tenant rent receivables

 

(3,792)

 

158

 

(765)

Straight-line rents

 

(1,685)

 

(8,876)

 

381

Lease acquisition costs

 

(2,123)

 

(3,999)

 

(1,193)

Prepaid expenses and other assets

 

(129)

 

2,313

 

(1,940)

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

7,785

 

3,910

 

(4,077)

Accrued compensation

 

518

 

357

 

(598)

Tenant security deposits

 

(669)

 

3,027

 

936

Payment of deferred leasing commissions

 

(13,735)

 

(15,101)

 

(15,383)

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

68,449

 

81,915

 

80,202

Cash flows from investing activities:

Property improvements, fixtures and equipment

(77,919)

(70,746)

(51,057)

Investment in non-consolidated REITs

 

 

74,931

Distributions in excess of earnings from non-consolidated REITs

 

 

710

Investment in related party mortgage loan receivable

 

(2,400)

 

Repayment of related party mortgage loan receivable

 

52,060

 

1,060

Proceeds received on sales of real estate assets

88,958

Proceeds received from liquidating trust

 

 

1,470

 

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

 

11,039

 

(19,616)

 

25,644

Cash flows from financing activities:

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