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FORM FormFactor

Filed: 4 May 21, 4:52pm


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 Form 10-Q
 
(Mark one)
    QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 27, 2021
Or 
    TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from            to            
 
Commission file number: 000-50307
 
FormFactor, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware 13-3711155
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
7005 Southfront Road, Livermore, California 94551
(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)
 
(925) 290-4000
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s) Name of each exchange on which registered
Common stock, $0.001 par valueFORM Nasdaq Global Market
 ______________________________________
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.   Yes   No 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of the Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes   No
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large Accelerated FilerAccelerated Filer
Non-accelerated FilerSmaller Reporting Company
Emerging Growth Company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.     

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes   No  

As of April 30, 2021, 77,622,717 shares of the registrant’s common stock, par value $0.001 per share, were outstanding.





FORMFACTOR, INC.
FORM 10-Q FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED MARCH 27, 2021
INDEX


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PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
Item 1. Financial Statements
 
FORMFACTOR, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
 March 27,
2021
December 26,
2020
ASSETS 
Current assets:  
Cash and cash equivalents$173,616 $187,225 
Marketable securities94,093 67,810 
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $232 and $248103,500 107,603 
Inventories, net104,727 99,229 
Restricted cash2,798 1,904 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets19,371 23,303 
Total current assets498,105 487,074 
Restricted cash1,894 1,969 
Operating lease, right-of-use-assets37,208 30,756 
Property, plant and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation112,312 104,103 
Goodwill214,218 212,761 
Intangibles, net48,786 59,147 
Deferred tax assets65,821 66,242 
Other assets1,867 1,165 
Total assets$980,211 $963,217 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY 
Current liabilities: 
Accounts payable$67,720 $62,045 
Accrued liabilities43,468 55,342 
Current portion of term loans, net of unamortized issuance costs9,260 9,516 
Deferred revenue18,644 20,964 
Operating lease liabilities7,557 6,704 
Total current liabilities146,649 154,571 
Term loans, less current portion, net of unamortized issuance costs22,390 24,978 
Deferred tax liabilities4,965 5,346 
Long-term operating lease liabilities33,485 27,996 
Other liabilities6,189 6,242 
Total liabilities213,678 219,133 
 
Stockholders’ equity: 
Common stock, $0.001 par value: 
250,000,000 shares authorized; 77,758,530 and 77,437,997 shares issued and outstanding78 78 
Treasury stock, at cost, 136,402 and 0 shares(5,738)
Additional paid-in capital915,136 903,838 
Accumulated other comprehensive income3,150 5,886 
Accumulated deficit(146,093)(165,718)
Total stockholders’ equity766,533 744,084 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$980,211 $963,217 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements. 
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FORMFACTOR, INC.
 CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
 Three Months Ended
 March 27,
2021
March 28,
2020
Revenues$186,636 $160,753 
Cost of revenues109,930 93,363 
Gross profit76,706 67,390 
Operating expenses:  
Research and development24,046 21,267 
Selling, general and administrative30,015 27,693 
Total operating expenses54,061 48,960 
Operating income22,645 18,430 
Interest income194 685 
Interest expense(180)(318)
Other income (expense), net172 (91)
Income before income taxes22,831 18,706 
Provision for income taxes3,206 2,816 
Net income$19,625 $15,890 
Net income per share: 
Basic$0.25 $0.21 
Diluted$0.25 $0.20 
Weighted-average number of shares used in per share calculations:  
Basic77,598 76,005 
Diluted79,988 78,510 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
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FORMFACTOR, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended
March 27,
2021
March 28,
2020
Net income$19,625 $15,890 
Other comprehensive loss, net of tax:
Translation adjustments and other(2,379)(399)
Unrealized losses on available-for-sale marketable securities(131)(27)
Unrealized gains (losses) on derivative instruments(226)176 
Other comprehensive loss, net of tax(2,736)(250)
Comprehensive income$16,889 $15,640 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

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FORMFACTOR, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
(In thousands, except shares)
(Unaudited)
 Shares of
Common
Stock
Common
Stock
Shares of
Treasury
Stock
Treasury
Stock
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
 Income (Loss)
Accumulated
Deficit
Total
Three Months Ended March 27, 2021
Balances, December 26, 202077,437,997 $78 $$903,838 $5,886 $(165,718)$744,084 
Issuance of common stock under the Employee Stock Purchase Plan228,784 — — — 5,065 — — 5,065 
Issuance of common stock pursuant to exercise of options50,000 — — 422 — — 422 
Issuance of common stock pursuant to vesting of restricted stock units, net of stock withheld for tax41,749 — — (1,141)— — (1,141)
Purchase of common stock through repurchase program— — (136,402)(5,738)— — — (5,738)
Stock-based compensation— — — — 6,952 — — 6,952 
Other comprehensive loss— — — — — (2,736)— (2,736)
Net income— — — — — — 19,625 19,625 
Balances, March 27, 202177,758,530 $78 (136,402)$(5,738)$915,136 $3,150 $(146,093)$766,533 


Shares of
Common
Stock
Common
Stock
Shares of
Treasury
Stock
Treasury
Stock
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
Accumulated
Deficit
Total
Three Months Ended March 28, 2020
Balances, December 28, 201975,764,990 $76 $$885,821 $(659)$(244,241)$640,997 
Issuance of common stock under the Employee Stock Purchase Plan311,591 — — — 4,066 — — 4,066 
Issuance of common stock pursuant to exercise of options55,769 — — 446 — — 447 
Issuance of common stock pursuant to vesting of restricted stock units, net of stock withheld for tax25,901 — — (385)— — (385)
Stock-based compensation— — — — 5,652 — — 5,652 
Other comprehensive loss— — — — — (250)— (250)
Net income— — — — — — 15,890 15,890 
Balances, March 28, 202076,158,251 $77 $895,600 $(909)$(228,351)$666,417 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
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FORMFACTOR, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
 Three Months Ended
 March 27,
2021
March 28,
2020
Cash flows from operating activities:  
Net income$19,625 $15,890 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities: 
Depreciation6,130 4,561 
Amortization6,805 7,263 
Reduction in the carrying amount of right-of-use assets1,811 1,511 
Stock-based compensation expense7,077 5,623 
Provision for excess and obsolete inventories3,394 3,287 
Other adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities2,140 407 
Changes in assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable3,576 7,803 
Inventories(9,911)928 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets3,011 (240)
Other assets(50)194 
Accounts payable5,722 763 
Accrued liabilities(12,732)(6,970)
Other liabilities114 33 
Deferred revenues(2,411)(123)
Operating lease liabilities(1,945)(1,591)
Net cash provided by operating activities32,356 39,339 
Cash flows from investing activities:  
Acquisition of property, plant and equipment(13,470)(12,050)
Proceeds from sale of a subsidiary40 
Purchases of marketable securities(41,062)(16,441)
Proceeds from maturities and sales of marketable securities14,610 23,009 
Net cash used in investing activities(39,922)(5,442)
Cash flows from financing activities:  
Proceeds from issuances of common stock5,487 4,513 
Purchase of common stock through stock repurchase program(5,738)
Tax withholdings related to net share settlements of equity awards(1,141)(385)
Principal repayments on term loans(2,376)(13,199)
Net cash used in financing activities(3,768)(9,071)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash(1,456)312 
Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash(12,790)25,138 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period191,098 147,937 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period$178,308 $173,075 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
7



FORMFACTOR, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended
March 27,
2021
March 28,
2020
Non-cash investing and financing activities:
Change in accounts payable and accrued liabilities related to property, plant and equipment purchases$1,087 $(2,116)
Operating lease, right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for lease obligations8,572 6,307 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
Cash paid for income taxes, net$1,034 $2,419 
Cash paid for interest173 291 
Reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash:
Cash and cash equivalents$173,616 $169,607 
Restricted cash, current2,798 2,107 
Restricted cash1,894 1,361 
Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash$178,308 $173,075 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
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FORMFACTOR, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


Note 1 — Basis of Presentation and New Accounting Pronouncements
 
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying condensed consolidated financial information of FormFactor, Inc. is unaudited and has been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) and pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). However, such information reflects all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments, which are, in the opinion of management, necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the interim periods. The condensed consolidated financial statements included herein should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto included in our 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on February 22, 2021. The results of operations for the interim periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year.
 
Fiscal Year 
We operate on a 52/53 week fiscal year, whereby the fiscal year ends on the last Saturday of December. Fiscal 2021 and 2020 each contain 52 weeks and the three months ended March 27, 2021 and March 28, 2020 each contained 13 weeks. Fiscal 2021 will end on December 25, 2021.

Significant Accounting Policies
Our significant accounting policies have not changed during the three months ended March 27, 2021 from those disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 26, 2020.

Reclassifications
Certain immaterial reclassifications were made to the prior year financial statements to conform to the current year presentation.

New Accounting Pronouncements
ASU 2019-12
In December 2019, the Financial Accounting Standard Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2019-12, “Income Taxes (Topic 740),” which simplifies the accounting for income taxes by removing certain exceptions to the general principles in Topic 740. The amendments also improve consistent application of and simplify GAAP for other areas of Topic 740 by clarifying and amending existing guidance. This guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2020. We adopted ASU 2019-12 on a prospective basis on December 27, 2020, the first day of fiscal 2021. The adoption did not have a material effect on our consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

ASU 2020-04
In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-04, “Referenced Rate Reform (Topic 848) - Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting.” The ASU provides temporary optional expedients and exceptions for applying generally accepted accounting principles to contract modifications and hedging relationships, subject to meeting certain criteria, that reference the London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) or another reference rate expected to be discontinued. In January 2021, the FASB issued ASU 2021-01, “Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848),” which permits entities to apply optional expedients in Topic 848 to derivative instruments modified because of discounting transition resulting from reference rate reform. ASU 2020-04 became effective upon issuance and may be applied prospectively to contract modifications made on or before December 31, 2022. ASU 2021-01 became effective upon issuance and may be applied on a full retrospective basis as of any date from the beginning of an interim period that includes or is subsequent to March 12, 2020 or prospectively for contract modifications made on or before December 31, 2022. The Company has not yet applied the relief afforded by these standard amendments and is currently assessing contracts that will require modification due to reference rate reform to which these standard amendments may be applied.

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Note 2 — Concentration of Credit and Other Risks

Each of the following customers accounted for 10% or more of our revenues for the periods indicated:
Three Months Ended
March 27,
2021
March 28,
2020
Intel Corporation28.1 %36.2 %
Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co., LTD.11.5 %*
39.6 %36.2 %
*Represents less than 10% of total revenues.

At March 27, 2021, one customer accounted for 22.8% of gross accounts receivable. At December 26, 2020, two customers accounted for 15.3% and 13.7% of gross accounts receivable, respectively.

Note 3 — Inventories, net

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost (principally standard cost, which approximates actual cost on a first in, first out basis) or net realizable value.
 
Inventories, net, consisted of the following (in thousands):
March 27,
2021
December 26,
2020
Raw materials$52,320 $48,122 
Work-in-progress35,466 30,806 
Finished goods16,941 20,301 
$104,727 $99,229 

Note 4 — Acquisition

High Precision Devices, Inc. Acquisition
On October 19, 2020, we acquired 100% of the shares of HPD for total consideration of $16.9 million, net of cash acquired of $1.7 million, which included an estimated adjustment for changes in working capital, which is not yet finalized. This acquisition brings highly specialized skills and know-how to address the unique test challenges within the emerging quantum computing, superconducting computing, and ultra-sensitive sensor markets which operate at temperatures as low as 30 millikelvin.

The acquisition was accounted for using the acquisition method of accounting, with FormFactor treated as the acquirer. The acquired assets and liabilities of HPD were recorded at their respective fair values including an amount for goodwill representing the difference between the acquisition consideration and the fair value of the identifiable net assets.

Our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income include the financial results of HPD subsequent to the acquisition date of October 19, 2020. Revenue in fiscal 2020 related to HPD subsequent to the acquisition date that was included in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income was not material.

The acquisition price was allocated to the tangible and identified intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed as of the closing date of the acquisition based upon their respective fair values. The fair values assigned to assets acquired and liabilities assumed were based on management’s assumptions as of the reporting date.

We estimated the acquisition price and the allocation of fair value to assets acquired and liabilities assumed as of the acquisition date, October 19, 2020. We subsequently made certain immaterial adjustments within the measurement period to the preliminary acquisition price allocation. See Note 5, Goodwill and Intangible Assets, for changes in identified intangible values and goodwill. Our purchase accounting remains open at March 27, 2021, subject to finalization of the fair value of
10


consideration and certain deferred tax items. The estimated fair value of assets acquired, including goodwill and intangibles, and liabilities assumed is as follows (in thousands):
Amount
Cash and cash equivalents$1,680 
Accounts receivable1,017 
Inventory3,047 
Property, plant and equipment669 
Operating lease, right of use assets2,554 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets599 
Tangible assets acquired9,566 
Deferred revenue(2,529)
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities(1,268)
Operating lease liabilities(2,554)
Deferred tax liabilities(2,840)
Total tangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed375 
Intangible assets11,520 
Goodwill6,665 
Net Assets Acquired$18,560 

The intangible assets as of the closing date of the acquisition included (in thousands):
AmountWeighted Average Useful Life (in years)
Developed technologies$7,500 10.0
Customer relationships3,600 5.0
Order backlog200 0.5
Trade names220 5.0
Total intangible assets$11,520 8.2

The fair value of the intangible assets acquired in connection with the acquisition was determined using either the income, market or replacement cost methodologies. The intangible assets are being amortized over periods which reflect the pattern in which economic benefits of the assets are expected to be realized.

Identifiable Intangible Assets
Valuation of intangible assets involves multiple assumptions. The key assumptions are described below.

Developed technology acquired primarily consists of existing technology related to cryogenic probe stations, Adiabatic Demagnetization Refrigerator (“ADR”), and continuous ADR cryostats and similar tools, and technology related to other cryogenic applications. We valued the developed technology using the multi-period excess earnings method under the income approach. Using this approach, the estimated fair values were calculated using expected future cash flows from specific products discounted to their net present values at an appropriate risk-adjusted rate of return.

The value of customer relationships represents the fair value of future projected revenues that will be derived from the sale of products to HPD's existing customers. We valued customer relationships using the incremental cash flow method. This method estimates value based on the incremental cash flow afforded by having the customers relationships in place on the acquisition date versus having no relationships in place and needing to replicate or replace those relationships. The incremental cash flows are then discounted to a present value to arrive at an estimate of fair value for this asset class.

Order backlog represents the value of future sales under existing contracts as of the acquisition date. Expected cash flow from order backlog was valued on a discounted direct cash flow basis, net of returns on contributory assets such as working capital, property and equipment, trade name and assembled workforce.

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The identified trade names intangibles relate to the estimated fair value of future cash flows related to the HPD brand. We valued trade names by applying the relief-from-royalty method under the income approach. This method is based on the application of a royalty rate to forecasted revenue under the trade name.

Goodwill
The excess of purchase price over the fair value assigned to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed represents the amount of goodwill resulting from the acquisition. We believe the factors that contributed to goodwill include synergies that are specific to our consolidated business, such as cost savings and operational efficiencies, and the acquisition of a talented workforce that expands our expertise in business development and commercializing semiconductor test products, none of which qualify for recognition as a separate intangible asset. We do not expect any portion of this goodwill to be deductible for tax purposes. The goodwill attributable to the acquisition was recorded as a non-current asset and is not amortized, but is subject to an annual review for impairment.

The goodwill arising from the acquisition was allocated to the HPD reporting unit within the Systems reportable segment.

We have not presented unaudited combined pro forma financial information as the HPD acquisition was not significant to our consolidated results of operations and financial position.

Baldwin Park Acquisition
On July 30, 2020, we acquired the probe card assets of Advantest Corporation for total cash consideration of $35.0 million. This acquisition brings important enabling technologies and capabilities for designing and manufacturing advanced probe cards, and adds a complementary 3D-NAND Flash probe-card product that is qualified and in production at one of the world's leading NAND Flash manufacturers.

The acquisition was accounted for using the acquisition method of accounting, with FormFactor treated as the acquirer. The acquired assets and liabilities of Baldwin Park were recorded at their respective fair values including an amount for goodwill representing the difference between the acquisition consideration and the fair value of the identifiable net assets.

Our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income include the financial results of Baldwin Park subsequent to the acquisition date of July 30, 2020. Revenue related to Baldwin Park since the acquisition date that was included in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income for fiscal 2020 was not material.

We estimated the acquisition price and the allocation of fair value to assets acquired and liabilities assumed as of the acquisition date, July 30, 2020. We subsequently made certain immaterial adjustments within the measurement period to the acquisition price allocation as a result of finalization of our valuation of identifiable assets and liabilities. See Note 5, Goodwill and Intangible Assets, for changes in identified intangible values and goodwill. In the current quarter ended March 27, 2021, we finalized our allocation of the assets acquired, including goodwill and intangibles, and liabilities assumed for the purchase as follows (in thousands):
Amount
Accounts receivable$4,365 
Inventory2,727 
Property, plant and equipment9,053 
Operating lease, right of use assets519 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets56 
Tangible assets acquired16,720 
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities(743)
Operating lease liabilities(519)
Total net tangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed15,458 
Intangible assets13,600 
Goodwill5,942 
Net assets acquired$35,000 

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The intangible assets as of July 30, 2020 included (in thousands):
AmountWeighted Average Useful Life (in years)
Developed technologies$8,800 10.0
Customer relationships4,400 3.0
In-process research and development400 N/A
Total intangible assets$13,600 7.7

Indications of fair value of the intangible assets acquired in connection with the acquisition were determined using either the income, market or replacement cost methodologies. The intangible assets are being amortized over periods which reflect the pattern in which economic benefits of the assets are expected to be realized.

Identifiable Intangible Assets
Valuation of intangible assets involves multiple assumptions. The key assumptions are described below.

Developed technology acquired consists of existing technology related to 3D NAND Flash probe cards and the value expected to be derived from interconnect technology. We valued the developed technology related to 3D NAND Flash using the multi-period excess earnings method under the income approach. Using this approach, the estimated fair values were calculated using expected future cash flows from specific products discounted to their net present values at an appropriate risk-adjusted rate of return. We valued the interconnect developed technology asset using the incremental cash flow method. This method estimates value based on the incremental cash flow afforded by having the interconnect capability in place on the acquisition date versus having no capability in place and needing to replicate or replace that capability. The incremental cash flows are then discounted to a present value to arrive at an estimate of fair value for this asset class.

In-process research and development (“IPR&D”) acquired primarily consists of research and development projects that were in process at the time of acquisition related to technologies used in DRAM probe cards. Once these projects are complete they will be amortized over their useful life. We valued the IPR&D using the multi-period excess earnings method under the income approach. Using this approach, the estimated fair values were calculated using expected future cash flows from specific products discounted to their net present values at an appropriate risk-adjusted rate of return.

The value of customer relationships represents the fair value of future projected revenues that will be derived from the sale of products to Baldwin Park's existing customers. We valued customer relationships using the incremental cash flow method. This method estimates value based on the incremental cash flow afforded by having the customers relationships in place on the acquisition date versus having no relationships in place and needing to replicate or replace those relationships. The incremental cash flows are then discounted to a present value to arrive at an estimate of fair value for this asset class.

Goodwill
The excess of purchase price over the fair value assigned to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed represents the amount of goodwill resulting from the acquisition. We believe the factors that contributed to goodwill include synergies that are specific to our consolidated business, such as cost savings and operational efficiencies, and the acquisition of a talented workforce that expands our expertise in business development, none of which qualify for recognition as a separate intangible asset. We expect this goodwill to be deductible for tax purposes. The goodwill attributable to the acquisition was recorded as a non-current asset and is not amortized, but is subject to an annual review for impairment.

The goodwill arising from the acquisition was allocated to the Probe Cards reporting unit within the Probe Cards reportable segment.

We have not presented unaudited combined pro forma financial information as the Baldwin Park acquisition was not significant to our consolidated results of operations and financial position.



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Note 5 — Goodwill and Intangible Assets

Goodwill by reportable segment was as follows (in thousands):
Probe CardsSystemsTotal
Goodwill, gross, as of December 28, 2019$172,482 $26,714 $199,196 
Addition - FRT GmbH Acquisition975 975 
Addition - Baldwin Park Acquisition5,590 5,590 
Addition - HPD Acquisition4,654 4,654 
Foreign currency translation2,346 2,346 
Goodwill, gross, as of December 26, 2020178,072 34,689 212,761 
Addition - Baldwin Park Acquisition352 0352 
Addition - HPD Acquisition2,011 2,011 
Foreign currency translation(906)(906)
Goodwill, gross, as of March 27, 2021$178,424 $35,794 $214,218 

We have 0t recorded goodwill impairments for the three months ended March 27, 2021.

Intangible assets were as follows (in thousands):
March 27, 2021December 26, 2020
Intangible AssetsGrossAccumulated
Amortization
NetGrossAccumulated
Amortization
Net
Developed technologies$173,318 $142,344 $30,974 $176,265 $137,754 $38,511 
Trade names8,100 7,418 682 8,162 7,363 799 
Customer relationships51,557 34,899 16,658 52,488 33,378 19,110 
Backlog1,969 1,897 72 2,227 1,900 327 
In-process research and development400 400 400 400 
$235,344 $186,558 $48,786 $239,542 $180,395 $59,147 

Amortization expense was included in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income as follows (in thousands):
 Three Months Ended
 March 27,
2021
March 28,
2020
Cost of revenues$5,090 $5,750 
Selling, general and administrative1,715 1,513 
$6,805 $7,263 

The estimated future amortization of definite-lived intangible assets, excluding in-process research and development, is as follows (in thousands):
Fiscal YearAmount
Remainder of 2021$11,933 
20229,591 
20237,240 
20244,625 
20254,364 
Thereafter10,633 
$48,386 

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Note 6 — Accrued Liabilities

Accrued liabilities consisted of the following (in thousands):
March 27,
2021
December 26,
2020
Accrued compensation and benefits$28,092 $33,110 
Accrued income and other taxes3,008 6,976 
Accrued warranty3,719 3,918 
Employee stock purchase plan contributions withheld2,109 4,240 
Accrued contingent consideration3,884 4,012 
Other accrued expenses2,656 3,086 
$43,468 $55,342 

Note 7 — Fair Value and Derivative Instruments

Whenever possible, the fair values of our financial assets and liabilities are determined using quoted market prices of identical securities or quoted market prices of similar securities from active markets. The three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value are as follows:
Level 1 valuations are obtained from real-time quotes for transactions in active exchange markets involving identical securities;
Level 2 valuations utilize significant observable inputs, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities, quoted prices near the reporting date in markets that are less active, or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities; and
Level 3 valuations utilize unobservable inputs to the valuation methodology and include our own data about assumptions market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability based on the best information available under the circumstances.

We did not have any transfers of assets or liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis to or from Level 1, Level 2 or Level 3 during the three months ended March 27, 2021 or the year ended December 26, 2020.

The carrying values of Cash, Accounts receivable, net, Restricted cash, Prepaid expenses and other current assets, Accounts payable, Accrued liabilities, and term loans, net of unamortized issuance costs, approximate fair value due to their short maturities.

No changes were made to our valuation techniques during the first three months of fiscal 2021.

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Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis

Assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis were as follows (in thousands): 
March 27, 2021Level 1Level 2Level 3Total
Assets:
Cash equivalents:
Money market funds$34,254 $$$34,254 
Commercial paper5,500 5,500 
39,754 39,754 
Marketable securities:
 U.S. treasuries32,669 32,669 
 Certificates of deposit1,212 1,212 
 U.S. agency securities575 575 
 Corporate bonds44,146 44,146 
 Commercial paper15,491 15,491 
32,669 61,424 94,093 
Foreign exchange derivative contracts (Designated)144 144 
Interest rate swap derivative contracts745 745 
Total assets$72,423 $62,313 $$134,736 
Liabilities:
Foreign exchange derivative contracts (Designated)$$(100)$$(100)
Interest rate swap derivative contracts(113)(113)
Contingent consideration(3,884)(3,884)
Total liabilities$$(213)$(3,884)$(4,097)

December 26, 2020Level 1Level 2Level 3Total
Assets:
Cash equivalents:
Money market funds$43,019 $$$43,019 
Marketable securities:
U.S. treasuries40,726 40,726 
Certificates of deposit2,179 2,179 
U.S. agency securities575 575 
Corporate bonds24,330 24,330 
40,726 27,084 67,810 
Foreign exchange derivative contracts1,057 1,057 
Interest rate swap derivative contracts57 57 
Total assets$83,745 $28,198 $$111,943 
Liabilities:
Interest rate swap derivative contracts$$(87)$$(87)
Contingent consideration(4,012)(4,012)
Total liabilities$$(87)$(4,012)$(4,099)
 
Cash Equivalents
The fair value of our cash equivalents is determined based on quoted market prices for similar or identical securities.

Marketable Securities
We classify our marketable securities as available-for-sale and value them utilizing a market approach. Our investments are priced by pricing vendors who provide observable inputs for their pricing without applying significant judgment. Broker pricing is used mainly when a quoted price is not available, the investment is not priced by our pricing vendors or when a broker price
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is more reflective of fair value. Our broker-priced investments are categorized as Level 2 investments because fair value is based on similar assets without applying significant judgments. In addition, all investments have a sufficient trading volume to demonstrate that the fair value is appropriate.

Unrealized gains and losses were immaterial and were recorded as a component of Accumulated other comprehensive income in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. We did not have any other-than-temporary unrealized gains or losses at either period end included in these financial statements.

Contingent Consideration
Contingent consideration, arising from the acquisition of FRT, is a cash amount equal to 1.5x EBIT as defined in the purchase agreement, up to a maximum of €10.3 million, payable subject to the performance of the acquired business in calendar 2020. We estimated the fair value of contingent consideration using a probability weighted approach. Key assumptions in determining the fair value of contingent consideration included estimating EBIT levels that we believed as of the acquisition date were likely to be achieved during the performance period and discounting at an appropriate discount rate. Contingent consideration as of March 27, 2021 was estimated to be $3.9 million, with the change from December 26, 2020 resulting from foreign currency translation.

Interest Rate Swaps
The fair value of our interest rate swap contracts is determined at the end of each reporting period based on valuation models that use interest rate yield curves as inputs. For accounting purposes, our interest rate swap contracts qualify for, and are designated as, cash flow hedges. The cash flows associated with the interest rate swaps are reported in Net cash provided by operating activities in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows and the fair value of the interest rate swap contracts are recorded within Accrued liabilities and Other liabilities in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

The impact of the interest rate swaps on our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income was as follows (in thousands):
Amount of Gain or (Loss) Recognized in OCI on Derivative (Effective Portion)Location of Gain or (Loss) Reclassified from Accumulated OCI into Income (Effective Portion)Amount of Gain or (Loss) Reclassified from Accumulated OCI into Income (Effective Portion)Location of Gain or (Loss) Recognized in Income on Derivative (Ineffective Portion)Amount of Gain or (Loss) Recognized in Income on Derivative (Ineffective Portion)
Three Months Ended March 27, 2021$624 Interest expense$(38)Interest expense$— 
Three Months Ended March 28, 2020$(96)Interest expense$22 Interest expense$— 

Foreign Exchange Derivative Contracts
We operate and sell our products in various global markets. As a result, we are exposed to changes in foreign currency exchange rates. We utilize foreign currency forward contracts to hedge against future movements in foreign exchange rates that affect certain existing foreign currency denominated assets and liabilities and forecasted foreign currency revenue and expense transactions. Under this program, our strategy is to have increases or decreases in our foreign currency exposures mitigated by gains or losses on the foreign currency forward contracts in order to mitigate the risks and volatility associated with foreign currency transaction gains or losses.

We do not use derivative financial instruments for speculative or trading purposes. For accounting purposes, certain of our foreign currency forward contracts are not designated as hedging instruments and, accordingly, we record the fair value of these contracts as of the end of our reporting period in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets with changes in fair value recorded within Other income (expense), net in our Condensed Consolidated Statement of Income for both realized and unrealized gains and losses. Certain of our foreign currency forward contracts are designated as cash flow hedges, and, accordingly, we record the fair value of these contracts as of the end of our reporting period in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets with changes in fair value recorded as a component of Accumulated other comprehensive income and reclassified into earnings in the same period in which the hedged transaction affects earnings, and in the same line item on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income as the impact of the hedge transaction.

The fair value of our foreign exchange derivative contracts was determined based on current foreign currency exchange rates and forward points. All of our foreign exchange derivative contracts outstanding at March 27, 2021 will mature by the first quarter of fiscal 2022.

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The following table provides information about our foreign currency forward contracts outstanding as of March 27, 2021 (in thousands):
CurrencyContract PositionContract Amount
(Local Currency)
Contract Amount
(U.S. Dollars)
Euro DollarBuy(10,141)$(12,025)
Euro DollarSell11,043 13,026 
Japanese YenBuy(1,971,765)(17,977)
Korean WonSell3,129,743 2,767 
Taiwan DollarSell7,972 279 
Total USD notional amount of outstanding foreign exchange contracts$(13,930)

Our foreign currency contracts are classified within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy as they are valued using pricing models that utilize observable market inputs.

The impact of foreign exchange derivative contracts not designated as cash flow hedges on our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income was as follows (in thousands):
Amount of Gain (Loss) Recognized on Derivatives
Three Months Ended
Derivatives Not Designated as Hedging InstrumentsLocation of Gain (Loss) Recognized on DerivativesMarch 27,
2021
March 28,
2020
Foreign exchange forward contractsOther income (expense), net$1,288 $(115)

The impact of foreign exchange derivative contracts designated as cash flow hedges on our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income was as follows (in thousands):
Amount of Gain (Loss) Recognized in Accumulated OCI on DerivativeLocation of Gain (Loss) Reclassified from Accumulated OCI into IncomeAmount of Gain (Loss) Reclassified from Accumulated OCI into Income
Three Months Ended March 27, 2021$(526)Cost of revenues$250 
Research and development30 
Selling, general and administrative82 
$362 
Three Months Ended March 28, 2020$(3)Cost of revenues$(120)
Research and development(18)
Selling, general and administrative(43)
$(181)

Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Non-Recurring Basis
We measure and report our non-financial assets such as Property, plant and equipment, Goodwill and Intangible assets at fair value on a non-recurring basis if we determine these assets to be impaired or in the period when we make a business acquisition. Other than as discussed in Note 4, Acquisition, there were 0 assets or liabilities measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis during the three months ended March 27, 2021 or March 28, 2020.

Note 8 — Warranty
We offer warranties on certain products and record a liability for the estimated future costs associated with warranty claims at the time revenue is recognized. The warranty liability is based upon historical experience and our estimate of the level of future costs. While we engage in product quality programs and processes, our warranty obligation is affected by product failure rates,
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material usage and service delivery costs. We continuously monitor product returns for warranty and maintain a reserve for the related expenses based upon our historical experience and any specifically identified failures. As we sell new products to our customers, we must exercise considerable judgment in estimating the expected failure rates. This estimating process is based on historical experience of similar products, as well as various other assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances. We provide for the estimated cost of product warranties at the time revenue is recognized as a component of Cost of revenues in our Condensed Consolidated Statement of Income.

Changes in our warranty liability were as follows (in thousands):
Three Months Ended
March 27,
2021
March 28,
2020
Balance at beginning of period$3,918 $1,942 
Accruals1,374 660 
Settlements(1,573)(684)
Balance at end of period$3,719 $1,918 

Note 9 — Property, Plant and Equipment, net

Property, plant and equipment, net consisted of the following (in thousands):

March 27,
2021
December 26,
2020
Land$4,751 $4,751 
Machinery and equipment233,357 226,185 
Computer equipment and software43,839 36,361 
Furniture and fixtures6,925 6,894 
Leasehold improvements80,011 79,144 
Sub-total368,883 353,335 
Less: Accumulated depreciation and amortization(298,865)(294,468)
Net, property, plant and equipment70,018 58,867 
Construction-in-process42,294 45,236 
Total$112,312 $104,103 

Note 10 — Stockholders’ Equity and Stock-Based Compensation

Common Stock Repurchase Program
On October 26, 2020, our Board of Directors authorized a program to repurchase up to $50 million of outstanding common stock to offset potential dilution from issuances of common stock under our stock-based compensation plans. The share repurchase program will expire on October 28, 2022. During the three months ended March 27, 2021, we repurchased 136,402 shares of common stock for $5.7 million and, as of March 27, 2021, $44.3 million remained available for future repurchases.

Our policy related to repurchases of our common stock is to charge the excess of cost over par value to additional paid-in capital once the shares are retired. All repurchases were made in compliance with Rule 10b-18 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.


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Restricted Stock Units
Restricted stock unit (“RSU”) activity under our equity incentive plan was as follows:
 
UnitsWeighted Average Grant Date Fair Value
RSUs at December 26, 20202,840,922 $19.80 
Awards granted8,765 46.25 
Awards vested(67,635)16.38 
Awards forfeited(11,140)21.21 
RSUs at March 27, 20212,770,912 19.96 

Performance Restricted Stock Units
We may grant Performance RSUs (“PRSUs”) to certain executives, which vest based upon us achieving certain market performance criteria. There were 0 PRSUs granted during the three months ended March 27, 2021. PRSUs are included as part of the RSU activity above.

Stock Options
Stock option activity under our equity incentive plan was as follows:
Options OutstandingWeighted Average Exercise PriceWeighted Average Remaining Contractual Life in YearsAggregate Intrinsic Value
Outstanding at December 26, 2020106,000 $8.35 
Options exercised(50,000)8.44 
Outstanding at March 27, 202156,000 $8.28 0.92$2,078,820 
Vested and expected to vest at March 27, 202156,000 $8.28 0.92$2,078,820 
Exercisable at March 27, 202156,000 $8.28 0.92$2,078,820 

Employee Stock Purchase Plan
Information related to activity under our Employee Stock Purchase Plan (“ESPP”) was as follows:
 Three Months Ended
 March 27, 2021
Shares issued228,784 
Weighted average per share purchase price$22.14 
Weighted average per share discount from the fair value of our common stock on the date of issuance$(18.73)

Stock-Based Compensation
Stock-based compensation was included in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income as follows (in thousands):
Three Months Ended
March 27,
2021
March 28,
2020
Cost of revenues$1,335 $937 
Research and development1,689 1,439 
Selling, general and administrative4,053 3,247 
Total stock-based compensation$7,077 $5,623 
 
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Unrecognized Compensation Costs
At March 27, 2021, the unrecognized stock-based compensation was as follows (dollars in thousands): 
Unrecognized ExpenseAverage Expected Recognition Period in Years
Restricted stock units$27,429 2.03
Performance restricted stock units7,719 1.93
Employee stock purchase plan973 0.86
Total unrecognized stock-based compensation expense$36,121 1.99

Note 11 — Net Income per Share

The following table reconciles the shares used in calculating basic net income per share and diluted net income per share (in thousands):
Three Months Ended
March 27,
2021
March 28,
2020
Weighted-average shares used in computing basic net income per share77,598 76,005 
Add potentially dilutive securities2,390 2,505 
Weighted-average shares used in computing diluted net income per share79,988 78,510 
Securities not included as they would have been antidilutive

Note 12 — Commitments and Contingencies

Leases
See Note 13, Leases.

Contractual Obligations and Commitments
Our contractual obligations and commitments have not materially changed as of March 27, 2021 from those disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 26, 2020.

Legal Matters
From time to time, we may be subject to legal proceedings and claims in the ordinary course of business. As of March 27, 2021, and as of the filing of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, we were not involved in any material legal proceedings.

Note 13 — Leases

We lease real estate space under non-cancelable operating lease agreements for commercial and industrial space, as well as for our corporate headquarters located in Livermore, California. Our leases have remaining terms of 1 to 8 years, and some leases include options to extend up to 20 years. We also have operating leases for automobiles with remaining lease terms of 1 to 4 years. We did not include any of our renewal options in our lease terms for calculating our lease liability as the renewal options allow us to maintain operational flexibility and we are not reasonably certain we will exercise these options at this time. The weighted-average remaining lease term for our operating leases was 6 years as of March 27, 2021 and the weighted-average discount rate was 3.85%.

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The components of lease expense were as follows (in thousands):
Three Months Ended
March 27,
2021
March 28,
2020
Lease expense:
Operating lease expense$2,123 $1,924 
Short-term lease expense37 40 
Variable lease expense537 383 
$2,697 $2,347 


Future minimum payments under our non-cancelable operating leases were as follows as of March 27, 2021 (in thousands):
Fiscal YearAmount
Remainder of 2021$6,747 
20228,040 
20236,710 
20246,297 
20257,814 
Thereafter14,416 
  Total minimum lease payments50,024 
Less: interest(8,982)
  Present value of net minimum lease payments41,042 
Less: current portion(7,557)
  Total long-term operating lease liabilities$33,485 

Note 14 — Revenue

Transaction price allocated to the remaining performance obligations: On March 27, 2021, we had $6.3 million of remaining performance obligations, which were comprised of deferred service contracts and extended warranty contracts and contracts with overtime revenue recognition that are not yet delivered. We expect to recognize approximately 74.5% of our remaining performance obligations as revenue in the remainder of fiscal 2021, approximately 16.6% in fiscal 2022, and approximately 8.9% in fiscal 2023 and thereafter. The foregoing excludes the value of other remaining performance obligations as they have original durations of one year or less, and also excludes information about variable consideration allocated entirely to a wholly unsatisfied performance obligation.

Contract balances: The timing of revenue recognition may differ from the timing of invoicing to customers. Accounts receivable is recorded at the invoiced amount, net of an allowance for doubtful accounts. A receivable is recognized in the period we deliver goods or provide services or when our right to consideration is unconditional. A contract asset is recorded when we have performed under the contract but our right to consideration is conditional on something other than the passage of time. Contract assets as of March 27, 2021 and December 26, 2020 were $4.8 million and $3.7 million, respectively, and are reported on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as a component of Prepaid expenses and other current assets.

Contract liabilities include payments received in advance of performance under a contract and are satisfied as the associated revenue is recognized. Contract liabilities are reported on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets at the end of each reporting period as a component of Deferred revenue and Other liabilities. Contract liabilities as of March 27, 2021 and December 26, 2020 were $19.9 million and $22.2 million, respectively. During the three months ended March 27, 2021, we recognized $9.3 million of revenue, that was included in contract liabilities as of December 26, 2020.

Costs to obtain a contract: We generally expense sales commissions when incurred as a component of Selling, general and administrative expense, as the amortization period is typically less than one year.

Revenue by Category: Refer to Note 15, Operating Segments and Enterprise-Wide Information, for further details.

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Note 15 — Operating Segments and Enterprise-Wide Information

Our chief operating decision maker (“CODM”) is our Chief Executive Officer, who reviews operating results to make decisions about allocating resources and assessing performance for the entire company. We operate in 2 reportable segments consisting of the Probe Cards segment and the Systems segment. The following table summarizes the operating results by reportable segment (dollars in thousands):
Three Months Ended
March 27, 2021March 28, 2020
Probe CardsSystemsCorporate and OtherTotalProbe CardsSystemsCorporate and OtherTotal
Revenues$158,898 $27,738 $$186,636 $134,715 $26,038 $$160,753 
Gross profit$70,315 $13,599 $(7,208)$76,706 $60,743 $13,334 $(6,687)$67,390 
Gross margin44.3 %49.0 %%41.1 %45.1 %51.2 %%41.9 %


Operating results provide useful information to our management for assessment of our performance and results of operations. Certain components of our operating results are utilized to determine executive compensation along with other measures.

Corporate and Other includes unallocated expenses relating to amortization of intangible assets, inventory and fixed asset fair value adjustments due to acquisitions and share-based compensation, which are not used in evaluating the results of, or in allocating resources to, our reportable segments.

Certain revenue category information by reportable segment was as follows (in thousands):
Three Months Ended
March 27, 2021March 28, 2020
Probe CardsSystemsTotalProbe CardsSystemsTotal
Market:
Foundry & Logic$113,410 $$113,410 $105,745 $$105,745 
DRAM33,898 33,898 24,696 24,696 
Flash11,590 11,590 4,274 4,274 
Systems27,738 27,738 26,038 26,038 
Total$158,898 $27,738 $186,636 $134,715 $26,038 $160,753 
Timing of revenue recognition:
Products transferred at a point in time$158,476 $24,671 $183,147 $134,069 $24,858 $158,927 
Products and services transferred over time422 3,067 3,489 646 1,180 1,826 
Total$158,898 $27,738 $186,636 $134,715 $26,038 $160,753 
Geographical region:
Taiwan$44,734 $846 $45,580 $30,439 $1,341 $31,780 
China37,831 4,794 42,625 37,280 6,362 43,642 
United States21,308 8,178 29,486 25,611 6,305 31,916 
Asia-Pacific1
27,878 1,080 28,958 4,455 3,408 7,863 
South Korea18,001 1,084 19,085 13,692 396 14,088 
Europe2,833 7,166 9,999 16,210 4,833 21,043 
Japan5,249 4,072 9,321 5,535 2,835 8,370 
Rest of the world1,064 518 1,582 1,493 558 2,051 
Total$158,898 $27,738 $186,636 $134,715 $26,038 $160,753 


1 Asia-Pacific includes all countries in the region except China, Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan, which are disclosed separately.


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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
 
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and the Securities Act of 1933, which are subject to risks and uncertainties. The forward-looking statements include statements concerning, among other things, our business strategy, financial and operating results, gross margins, liquidity and capital expenditure requirements and impact of accounting standards. In some cases, you can identify these statements by forward-looking words, such as “may,” “might,” “will,” “could,” “should,” “expect,” “plan,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “predict,” “intend” and “continue,” the negative or plural of these words and other comparable terminology.

The forward-looking statements are only predictions based on our current expectations and our projections about future events. All forward-looking statements included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are based upon information available to us as of the filing date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. You should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. We have no obligation to update any of these statements. These forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause our actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements to differ materially from those expressed or implied by these statements, including risks related to general market trends, the benefits of acquisitions and investments, uncertainties related to COVID-19 and the impact of our responses to it, the interpretation and impacts of changes in export controls and other trade barriers, our ability to execute our business strategy and other risks discussed in the section titled “Risk Factors” and elsewhere in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 26, 2020 and in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. You should carefully consider the numerous risks and uncertainties described under these sections.
 
The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with our condensed consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Unless expressly stated or the context otherwise requires, the terms “we,” “our,” “us” and “FormFactor” refer to FormFactor, Inc. and its subsidiaries.

Overview

FormFactor, Inc., headquartered in Livermore, California, is a leading provider of test and measurement technologies. We provide a broad range of high-performance probe cards, analytical probes, probe stations, metrology systems, thermal systems and cryogenic systems to both semiconductor companies and scientific institutions. Our products provide electrical and physical information from a variety of semiconductor and electro-optical devices and integrated circuits from early research, through development, to high-volume production. Customers use our products and services to lower production costs, improve yields, and enable development of their complex next-generation products.

We operate in two reportable segments consisting of the Probe Cards segment and the Systems segment. Sales of our probe cards and analytical probes are included in the Probe Cards segment, while sales of our probe stations, metrology systems, and thermal and cryogenic systems are included in the Systems segment.

We generated net income of $19.6 million in the first three months of fiscal 2021 as compared to $15.9 million in the first three months of fiscal 2020. The increase in net income was primarily due to increased revenues, partially offset by higher operating expenses.

Impact of COVID-19

The COVID-19 pandemic continues to cause serious illness and death in many of the regions that we, our customers and our suppliers operate. The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in significant governmental actions designed to control the spread of the virus, including the imposition of safety requirements and other orders in locations where we have manufacturing and other activities. We have maintained social distancing, contact tracing, and various other measures to enable our manufacturing sites to continue efficient production.

We believe that we operate in a critical infrastructure industry, as defined by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security. This reduces the current and anticipated impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on our major customers and suppliers, and upon our operations, as compared to companies that are not part of the critical infrastructure. We currently continue to operate in all of our manufacturing sites at production levels comparable to those prior to the pandemic, albeit subject to certain safety and related constraints. Our other operations are similarly continuing with substantial work-from-home activities.

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If the provisions of governmental health orders or other safety requirements applicable to us or our customers or suppliers become more restrictive for an extended period of time, or if we have repeated occurrences of COVID-19 in any of our facilities, we may experience disruptions or delays in manufacturing, product design, product development, customer support, manufacturing and sales, and an overall loss of productivity and efficiency.

While to date the disruptions in our operations, supply chain and customer demand as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic have been somewhat limited, we believe that the COVID-19 pandemic represents a sustained threat that may give rise to a variety of more significant adverse impacts on our business and financial results. For a further description of the uncertainties and business risks associated with the COVID-19 pandemic, see the risk factors discussed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 26, 2020.

Significant Accounting Policies and the Use of Estimates

Management’s Discussion and Analysis and Note 2, Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, to the Consolidated Financial Statements in our 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K describe the significant accounting estimates and significant accounting policies used in preparation of the Consolidated Financial Statements. Actual results in these areas could differ from management’s estimates. During the three months ended March 27, 2021, there were no significant changes in our significant accounting policies or estimates from those reported in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 26, 2020, which was filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on February 22, 2021.

Results of Operations
 
The following table sets forth our operating results as a percentage of revenues for the periods indicated:

 Three Months Ended
 March 27,
2021
March 28,
2020
Revenues100.0 %100.0 %
Cost of revenues58.9 58.1 
Gross profit41.1 41.9 
Operating expenses:  
Research and development12.9 13.2 
Selling, general and administrative16.1 17.2 
Total operating expenses29.0 30.4 
Operating income12.1 11.5 
Interest income0.1 0.4 
Interest expense(0.1)(0.2)
Other income (expense), net0.1 (0.1)
Income before income taxes12.2 11.6 
Provision for income taxes1.7 1.8 
Net income10.5 %9.8 %

Revenues by Segment and Market
 Three Months Ended
 March 27,
2021
March 28,
2020
 (In thousands)
Probe Cards$158,898 $134,715 
Systems27,738 26,038 
$186,636 $160,753 

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Three Months Ended
March 27,
2021
% of RevenuesMarch 28,
2020
% of Revenues$ Change% Change
(Dollars in thousands)
Probe Cards Markets:
Foundry & Logic$113,410 60.7 %$105,745 65.8 %$7,665 7.2 %
DRAM33,898 18.2 24,696 15.4 9,202 37.3 
Flash11,590 6.2 4,274 2.7 7,316 171.2 
Systems Market:
Systems27,738 14.9 26,038 16.1 1,700 6.5 
Total revenues$186,636 100.0 %$160,753 100.0 %$25,883 16.1 %

The increase in Foundry & Logic product revenue for the three months ended March 27, 2021, compared to the three months ended March 28, 2020, was driven principally by increased unit sales to large semiconductor foundries and integrated device manufacturers, demonstrating success in diversifying across our strategic accounts. Additionally, sales have increased due to the demand for components and chipsets for 5G handsets, work and study from home infrastructure spending, and adoption of advanced packaging architectures like heterogeneous integration and high-bandwidth memory (“HBM”).

The relative increase in DRAM product revenue for the three months ended March 27, 2021, compared to the three months ended March 28, 2020, was driven by a decreased customer demand for the three months ended March 28, 2020 as a result of the absorption of large purchases in fiscal 2019, that did not recur in the three months ended March 27, 2021.

The increase in Flash product revenue for the three months ended March 27, 2021, compared to the three months ended March 28, 2020, was driven by increased sales as a result of increased customer demand for our legacy products and increased sales resulting from the acquisition of Baldwin Park. Our revenue in this market continues to be highly variable.

The increase in Systems product revenue for the three months ended March 27, 2021, compared to the three months ended March 28, 2020, was driven by increased sales of cryogenic systems due to the acquisition of High Precision Devices, Inc. (“HPD”) and increased sales of thermal sub-systems, partially offset by lower 300mm station sales.

Due to COVID-19, there were various impacts across our segments due to governmental mandates of social distancing. This resulted in a temporary factory shutdown for almost two weeks during our first fiscal quarter of 2020 in certain locations, limiting our manufacturing capacity. We believe these shutdowns negatively affected revenue and impacted our ability to maintain typical lead times, especially in our Probes segment. The plant shutdowns we experienced in the first fiscal quarter of 2020 did not recur in the first fiscal quarter of 2021, which presumably drove some of the increased sales in the first fiscal quarter of 2021 over the first fiscal quarter of 2020, particularly in the Probe Cards segment where the plant shutdowns in 2020 were longer in duration than the shutdowns for the Systems segment.

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Revenues by Geographic Region
Three Months Ended
March 27,
2021
% of
Revenue
March 28,
2020
% of
Revenue
 (Dollars in thousands)
Taiwan$45,580 24.4 %$31,780 19.8 %
China42,625 22.8 %43,642 27.1 %
United States29,486 15.8 %31,916 19.9 %
Asia-Pacific1
28,958 15.5 %7,863 4.9 %
South Korea19,085 10.2 %14,088 8.8 %
Europe9,999 5.4 %21,043 13.1 %
Japan9,321 5.0 %8,370 5.2 %
Rest of the world1,582 0.9 %2,051 1.2 %
Total revenues$186,636 100.0 %$160,753 100.0 %

1 Asia-Pacific includes all countries in the region except China, Japan, South Korea and Taiwan, which are disclosed separately.
 
Geographic revenue information is based on the location to which we ship the product. For example, if a certain South Korean customer purchases through their U.S. subsidiary and requests the products to be shipped to an address in South Korea, this sale will be reflected in the revenue for South Korea rather than the U.S.

Changes in revenue by geographic region for the three months ended March 27, 2021, compared to the three months ended March 28, 2020, were primarily attributable to changes in customer demand, shifts in customer regional manufacturing strategies, particularly with our large multinational customers, and product sales mix.

Cost of Revenues and Gross Margins

Cost of revenues consists primarily of manufacturing materials, compensation and benefits, shipping and handling costs, manufacturing-related overhead and amortization of certain intangible assets. Our manufacturing operations rely on a limited number of suppliers to provide key components and materials for our products, some of which are a sole source. We order materials and supplies based on backlog and forecasted customer orders. Tooling and setup costs related to changing manufacturing lots at our suppliers are also included in the cost of revenues. We expense all warranty costs, inventory provisions and amortization of certain intangible assets as cost of revenues.

Our gross profit and gross margin were as follows (dollars in thousands):
 Three Months Ended
 March 27,
2021
March 28,
2020
$ Change% Change
Gross profit$76,706 $67,390 $9,316 13.8 %
Gross margin41.1 %41.9 %

Our gross profit and gross margin by segment were as follows (dollars in thousands):
Three Months Ended
March 27, 2021March 28, 2020
Probe CardsSystemsCorporate and OtherTotalProbe CardsSystemsCorporate and OtherTotal
Gross profit$70,315 $13,599 $(7,208)$76,706 $60,743 $13,334 $(6,687)$67,390 
Gross margin44.3 %49.0 %— %41.1 %45.1 %51.2 %— %41.9 %

Probe Cards
For the three months ended March 27, 2021, gross profit and gross margins decreased compared to the three months ended March 28, 2020, primarily due to less favorable absorption of costs from the mix of volumes through production sites and due
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to product mix on a less favorable mix of higher gross margin Foundry & Logic probe card sales combined with higher sales of lower gross margin Flash probe cards.

Systems
For the three months ended March 27, 2021, gross margins decreased compared to the three months ended March 28, 2020, primarily as a result of less favorable product mix, largely related to lower sales of stations and related accessories at somewhat reduced gross margins on the lower volumes, partially offset by higher gross margins on higher sales of thermal sub-systems and additional contribution from HPD, which was acquired in the fourth fiscal quarter of 2020.

Corporate and Other
Corporate and Other includes unallocated expenses relating to share-based compensation and amortization of intangible assets, inventory and fixed asset fair value adjustments due to acquisitions which are not used in evaluating the results of, or in allocating resources to, our reportable segments.

Overall
Gross profit and gross margins fluctuate with revenue levels, product mix, selling prices, factory loading and material costs. For the three months ended March 27, 2021, compared to the three months ended March 28, 2020, gross profit and gross margins have decreased, primarily on product mix.

Cost of revenues included stock-based compensation expense as follows (in thousands):
Three Months Ended
March 27,
2021
March 28,
2020
Stock-based compensation$1,335 $937 

Research and Development
Three Months Ended
March 27,
2021
March 28,
2020
$ Change% Change
(Dollars in thousands)
Research and development$24,046 $21,267 $2,779 13.1 %
% of revenues12.9 %13.2 %

The increase in research and development expenses in the three months ended March 27, 2021 when compared to the corresponding period in the prior year was primarily driven by increased headcount, increased facilities costs in other general operations, higher project material costs, higher stock-based compensation and higher depreciation expense. These increases are primarily related to our recent acquisitions of Baldwin Park and HPD.

A detail of the changes is as follows (in thousands):
Three Months Ended March 27, 2021 compared to Three Months Ended March 27, 2020
Employee compensation costs$1,436 
Project material costs304 
Stock-based compensation250 
Depreciation114 
Other general operations675 
$2,779 

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Research and development included stock-based compensation expense as follows (in thousands):
Three Months Ended
March 27,
2021
March 28,
2020
Stock-based compensation$1,689 $1,439 

Selling, General and Administrative
Three Months Ended
March 27,
2021
March 28,
2020
$ Change% Change
(Dollars in thousands)
Selling, general and administrative$30,015 $27,693 $2,322 8.4 %
% of revenues16.1 %17.2 %

The increase in selling, general and administrative in the three months ended March 27, 2021 when compared to the corresponding period in the prior year was primarily due to an increase in headcount, higher stock-based compensation, and increase in amortization of intangibles. These increases are primarily related to the acquisitions of Baldwin Park and HPD, partially offset by decreased travel due to travel restrictions.

A detail of the changes is as follows (in thousands):
Three Months Ended March 27, 2021 compared to Three Months Ended March 27, 2020
Employee compensation$2,072 
Stock-based compensation806 
Amortization of intangibles202 
Travel related costs(598)
Consulting fees(178)
General operating expenses18 
$2,322 

Selling, general and administrative included stock-based compensation expense as follows (in thousands):
Three Months Ended
March 27,
2021
March 28,
2020
Stock-based compensation$4,053 $3,247 

Interest Income and Interest Expense
 Three Months Ended
 March 27,
2021
March 28,
2020
 (Dollars in thousands)
Interest Income$194 $685 
Weighted average balance of cash and investments$266,209 $210,791 
Weighted average yield on cash and investments0.38 %1.68 %
Interest Expense$180 $318 
Average debt outstanding$32,263 $42,854 
Weighted average interest rate on debt1.62 %2.50 %
 
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Interest income is earned on our cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and marketable securities. The decrease in interest income for the three months ended March 27, 2021 compared with the corresponding period of the prior year was attributable to lower investment yields due to the low interest rate environment despite higher invested balances.

Interest expense primarily includes interest on our term loans, interest rate swap derivative contracts, and term loan issuance costs amortization charges. The decrease in interest expense for the three months ended March 27, 2021 compared to the same period of the prior year was primarily due to lower outstanding debt balances due to the pay-off of the CMI Term Loan on June 30, 2020, partially offset by the Building Term Loan that originated in the second quarter of 2020. Interest expense was also lower due to lower average interest rates on the outstanding debt.

Other Income (Expense), Net
Other income (expense), net, primarily includes the effects of foreign currency impact and various other gains and losses.

Provision for Income Taxes
 Three Months Ended
 March 27,
2021
March 28,
2020
 (In thousands, except percentages)
Provision for income taxes$3,206 $2,816 
Effective tax rate14.0 %15.1 %

Provision for income taxes reflects the tax provision on our operations in foreign and U.S. jurisdictions, offset by tax benefits from tax credits and the foreign-derived intangible income (“FDII”) deduction. Our effective tax rate may vary from period to period based on changes in estimated taxable income or loss by jurisdiction, changes to the valuation allowance, changes to U.S. federal, state or foreign tax laws, changes in ASC 718 stock-based compensation expense/benefit, future expansion into areas with varying country, state, and local income tax rates, and deductibility of certain costs and expenses by jurisdiction. We have utilized our previous net operating loss carryforwards, and expect the FDII deduction and corresponding benefit to be available, resulting in a decrease from the U.S. statutory rate and included in our worldwide effective tax rate for the year ending December 25, 2021.


Liquidity and Capital Resources

Capital Resources
Our working capital was $351.5 million at March 27, 2021, compared to $332.5 million at December 26, 2020.

Cash and cash equivalents primarily consist of deposits held at banks and money market funds. Marketable securities primarily consist of U.S. treasuries and corporate bonds. We typically invest in highly-rated securities with low probabilities of default. Our investment policy requires investments to be rated single A or better, and limits the types of acceptable investments, issuer concentration and duration of the investment.

Our cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities totaled approximately $267.7 million at March 27, 2021, compared to $255.0 million at December 26, 2020. We believe that we will be able to satisfy our working capital requirements and scheduled term loan repayments for at least the next twelve months with the liquidity provided by our existing cash, cash equivalents, marketable securities and cash provided by operations. To the extent necessary, we may consider entering into short and long-term debt obligations, raising cash through a stock issuance, or obtaining new financing facilities, which may not be available on terms favorable to us. Our future capital requirements may vary materially from those now planned.

The COVID-19 pandemic has negatively impacted the global economy, disrupted global supply chains and created significant volatility and disruption of financial markets. An extended period of global supply chain and economic disruption could materially affect our business, results of operations, access to sources of liquidity and financial condition.

If we are unsuccessful in maintaining or growing our revenues, maintaining or reducing our cost structure (in response to a potential reduction in demand due to an industry downturn, COVID-19, or other event), or increasing our available cash through debt or equity financings, our cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities may decline.

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We utilize a variety of tax planning and financing strategies to manage our worldwide cash and deploy funds to locations where needed. As part of these strategies, we indefinitely reinvest a portion of our foreign earnings. Should we require additional capital in the United States, we may elect to repatriate indefinitely-reinvested foreign funds or raise capital in the United States.

Cash Flows
The following table sets forth our net cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities:
Three Months Ended
March 27,
2021
March 28,
2020
(In thousands)
Net cash provided by operating activities$32,356 $39,339 
Net cash used in investing activities(39,922)(5,442)
Net cash used in financing activities$(3,768)$(9,071)

Operating Activities 
Net cash provided by operating activities for the three months ended March 27, 2021 was primarily attributable to net income of $19.6 million and net non-cash expenses of $27.4 million, further impacted by changes in operating assets and liabilities, as explained below.

Accounts receivable, net, decreased $4.1 million to $103.5 million at March 27, 2021, compared to $107.6 million at December 26, 2020, as a result of lower revenue for the three months ended March 27, 2021, compared to the revenue for the three months ended December 26, 2020.

Inventories, net, increased $5.5 million to $104.7 million at March 27, 2021, compared to $99.2 million at December 26, 2020, as a result of anticipated projected customer demand.

Accounts payable increased $5.7 million to $67.7 million at March 27, 2021, compared to $62.0 million at December 26, 2020, as a result of timing of payments to vendors. Accrued liabilities decreased $11.8 million to $43.5 million at March 27, 2021, compared to $55.3 million at December 26, 2020, as a result of timing of payments for accrued taxes payable, a decrease in accrued variable compensation, decrease in employee compensation accrual, and decrease in employee stock purchase plan accrual from the issuance of common stock to employees under our employee stock purchase plan.

Investing Activities
Net cash used in investing activities for the three months ended March 27, 2021 was primarily related to $13.5 million of acquisition of property, plant and equipment and $26.5 million of net cash used to purchase marketable securities.

Financing Activities
Net cash used in financing activities for the three months ended March 27, 2021 primarily related to $2.4 million of principal payments made towards the repayment of our term loans, $1.1 million related to tax withholding associated with the net share settlements of our equity awards, and $5.7 million used to purchase common stock under our stock repurchase program, partially offset by $5.5 million of proceeds received from issuances of common stock under our employee stock purchase plan and stock option plans.

Debt

FRT Term Loan
On October 25, 2019, we entered into a $23.4 million three-year credit facility loan agreement (the “FRT Term Loan”), to fund the acquisition of FRT GmbH, which we acquired on October 9, 2019.

The FRT Term Loan bears interest at a rate equal to the Euro Interbank Offered Rate (“EURIBOR”) plus 1.75% per annum and will be repaid in quarterly installments of approximately $2.0 million plus interest. The interest rate at March 27, 2021 was 1.21%. As of March 27, 2021, the balance outstanding pursuant to the FRT term loan was $14.4 million.

Building Term Loan
On June 22, 2020, we entered into an $18.0 million 15-year credit facility loan agreement (the “Building Term Loan”). The proceeds of the Building Term Loan were used to finance the purchase a building adjacent to our leased facilities in Livermore, California.
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The Building Term Loan bears interest at a rate equal to the applicable LIBOR rate plus 1.75% per annum. Interest payments are payable in monthly installments over a fifteen-year period. The interest rate at March 27, 2021 was 1.87%. As of March 27, 2021, the balance outstanding pursuant to the Building Term Loan was $17.3 million.

On March 17, 2020, we entered into a forward starting interest rate swap agreement to hedge the interest payments on the Building Term Loan for the notional amount of $18.0 million, and an amortization period that matches the debt. As future levels of LIBOR over the life of the loan are uncertain, we entered into this interest-rate swap agreement to hedge the exposure in interest rate risks associated with movement in LIBOR rates. By entering into the agreement, we convert a floating rate interest at one-month LIBOR plus 1.75% into a fixed rate interest at 2.75%. The interest rate swap also includes a 0% floor that is effective for one year from the date of the swap. As of March 27, 2021, the notional amount of the loan that is subject to this interest rate swap is $17.3 million.

Stock Repurchase Program

In October 2020, our Board of Directors authorized a program to repurchase up to $50.0 million of outstanding common stock to offset potential dilution from issuances of common stock under our stock-based compensation plans. The share repurchase program will expire on October 28, 2022. During the three months ended March 27, 2021, we repurchased 136,402 shares of common stock for $5.7 million and, as of March 27, 2021, $44.3 million remained available for future repurchases.

Contractual Obligations and Commitments

The following table summarizes our significant contractual commitments to make future payments in cash under contractual obligations as of March 27, 2021:

Payments Due In Fiscal Year
Remainder 20202021202220232024ThereafterTotal
Operating leases$6,747 $8,040 $6,710 $6,297 $7,814 $14,416 $50,024 
Term loans - principal payments6,949 9,276 1,050 1,080 1,111 12,258 31,724 
Term loans - interest payments (1)
360 373 290 271 248 1,185 2,727 
Total$14,056 $17,689 $8,050 $7,648 $9,173 $27,859 $84,475 

(1) Represents our minimum interest payment commitments at 1.87% per annum for the Building Term Loan and 1.21% per annum for the FRT Term Loan. This also excludes any amounts related to our interest rate swap.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
 
Historically, we have not participated in transactions that have generated relationships with unconsolidated entities or financial partnerships, such as entities often referred to as structured finance or special purpose entities, which would have been established for the purpose of facilitating off-balance sheet arrangements or other contractually narrow or limited purposes. As of March 27, 2021, we were not involved in any such off-balance sheet arrangements.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

See Note 1, Basis of Presentation and New Accounting Pronouncements, of Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
 
For financial market risks related to changes in interest rates and foreign currency exchange rates, reference is made to Item 7A “Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk” contained in Part II of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 26, 2020. Our exposure to market risk has not changed materially since December 26, 2020.

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Item 4. Controls and Procedures
 
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
 
Based on our management’s evaluation (with the participation of our principal executive officer and principal financial officer), as of the end of the period covered by this report, our principal executive officer and principal financial officer have concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, (the “Exchange Act”)) are effective to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in Securities and Exchange Commission rules and forms and is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting
 
There have been no changes in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act) except as described below that occurred during the period covered by this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

We implemented an enterprise resource planning (“ERP”) system in January 2021 that supports our operations and financial reporting for two of our factories located in Beaverton, Oregon and Theindorf, Germany, in a next step to unify our worldwide ERP system. This significantly impacted our business and financial transaction and reporting processes for these locations. We are taking steps to monitor and maintain appropriate internal control over financial reporting and will continue to evaluate these controls for effectiveness.

Limitations on the Effectiveness of Controls
 
Control systems, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the control systems’ objectives are being met. Further, the design of any control systems must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints, and the benefits of all controls must be considered relative to their costs. Because of the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, within our company have been detected. These inherent limitations include the realities that judgments in decision making can be faulty and that breakdowns can occur because of a simple error or mistake. Control systems can also be circumvented by the individual acts of some persons, by collusion of two or more people, or by management override of the controls. The design of any system of controls is based, in part, on certain assumptions about the likelihood of future events, and there can be no assurance that any design will succeed in achieving its stated goals under all potential future conditions. Over time, controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions or deterioration in the degree of compliance with policies or procedures.

CEO and CFO Certifications
 
We have attached as exhibits to this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q the certifications of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, which are required in accordance with the Exchange Act. We recommend that this Item 4 be read in conjunction with the certifications for a more complete understanding of the subject matter presented. 

PART II - OTHER INFORMATION
 
Item 1A. Risk Factors

There have been no material changes during the three months ended March 27, 2021 to the risk factors discussed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 26, 2020. If any of the identified risks actually occur, our business, financial condition and results of operations could suffer. The trading price of our common stock could decline and you may lose all or part of your investment in our common stock. The risks and uncertainties described in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 26, 2020 are not the only ones we face. Additional risks that we currently do not know about or that we currently believe to be immaterial may also impair our business operations.

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Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

Repurchase of Common Stock

The following table summarizes our repurchases of outstanding common stock for the three months ended March 27, 2021:

Period (fiscal months)Total Number of Shares PurchasedAverage Price Paid per Share
Total Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plans or Programs(1)
Maximum Amount that May Yet Be Purchased Under the Plans or Programs
December 27, 2020 - January 23, 2021— $— — $50,000,000 
January 24, 2021 - February 20, 2021— $— — $50,000,000 
February 21, 2021 - March 27, 2021136,402 $42.07 136,402 $44,261,568 
136,402 42.07 136,402 

1 In October 2020, our Board of Directors authorized a program to repurchase up to $50.0 million of outstanding common stock to offset potential dilution from issuances of our common stock under our employee stock purchase plan and equity incentive plan. Under the authorized stock repurchase program, we may repurchase shares from time to time on the open market. The pace of repurchase activity will depend on levels of cash generation, current stock price and other factors. The program may be modified or discontinued at any time. The share repurchase program will expire on October 28, 2022.

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Item 6. Exhibits

The following exhibits are filed herewith and this list constitutes the exhibit index.
Exhibit Incorporated by Reference Filed
NumberExhibit DescriptionFormDate Number Herewith
3.1

S-1October 20, 20033.01
3.2

8-KJuly 22, 20163.2
31.01     X
31.02     X
32.01     *
101The following financial statements from the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 27, 2021, formatted in Inline XBRL: (i) Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, (ii) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income, (iii) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income, (iv) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity, (v) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, and (vi) Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, tagged as blocks of text and including detailed tagsX
101.INSXBRL Instance Document     X
101.SCHXBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document     X
101.CALXBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document     X
101.DEFXBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document     X
101.LABXBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document     X
101.PREXBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document     X
104The cover page from the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 27, 2021, formatted in Inline XBRL (included as Exhibit 101)X
 ______________________________________
*    This exhibit shall not be deemed “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 or otherwise subject to the liabilities of that section, nor shall it be deemed incorporated by reference in any filing under the Securities Act of 1933 or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, whether made before or after the date hereof and irrespective of any general incorporation language in any filings.

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SIGNATURE
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
 FormFactor, Inc.
   
Date:May 4, 2021By:/s/ SHAI SHAHAR
   
  Shai Shahar
  Chief Financial Officer
  (Duly Authorized Officer, Principal Financial Officer, and Principal Accounting Officer)

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