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Precipio (PRPO)

Filed: 11 Aug 11, 8:00pm

 
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 _______________________________
 FORM 10-Q
 _______________________________

(Mark One)
xQUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 For the Quarterly Period Ended June 30, 2011
Or 
oTRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 For the transition period from _____ to _____
Commission file number: 000-30975
 _______________________________
TRANSGENOMIC, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 _______________________________

Delaware 911789357
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
   
12325 Emmet Street, Omaha, Nebraska 68164
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
(402) 452-5400
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 _______________________________
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes   x No   o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). )    Yes   o No   o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer oAccelerated filer o
Non-accelerated filer 
o  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller Reporting Company x
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act)    Yes   o    No   x
As of August 12, 2011, the number of shares of common stock outstanding was 49,319,672.


TRANSGENOMIC, INC.
INDEX
 

2


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION 
Item 1.Financial Statements
TRANSGENOMIC, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Dollars in thousands except per share data) 
 June 30,  
 2011 December 31,
 (unaudited) 2010
ASSETS   
CURRENT ASSETS:   
Cash and cash equivalents$2,639
 $3,454
Accounts receivable (net of allowances for bad debts of $1,387 and $334, respectively)7,194
 7,601
Inventories (net of allowances for obsolescence of $520 and $518, respectively)3,309
 3,344
Other current assets860
 635
Total current assets14,002
 15,034
PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT:   
Equipment10,118
 9,820
Furniture, fixtures & leasehold improvements3,723
 3,479
 13,841
 13,299
Less: accumulated depreciation(12,070) (11,697)
 1,771
 1,602
OTHER ASSETS:   
Goodwill6,275
 6,275
Intangibles (net of accumulated amortization of $843 and $519, respectively)8,522
 8,962
Other assets130
 154
 $30,700
 $32,027
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY   
CURRENT LIABILITIES:   
Accounts payable$1,400
 $1,360
Accrued compensation1,006
 875
Short term debt and current maturities of long term debt1,728
 989
Accrued liabilities3,681
 3,231
Contractual obligation1,573
 1,628
Current portion of lease obligations217
 170
Preferred stock dividend payable300
 
Total current liabilities9,905
 8,253
LONG TERM LIABILITIES:   
Long term debt less current maturities7,406
 8,640
Preferred stock conversion feature7,600
 1,983
Preferred stock warrant liability3,000
 2,351
Other long-term liabilities1,008
 843
Total liabilities28,919
 22,070
Redeemable Series A convertible preferred stock, $.01 par value, 3,879,307 shares authorized, 2,586,205 shares issued and outstanding1,670
 1,457
STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY:   
Preferred stock, $.01 par value, 15,000,000 shares authorized, 2,586,205 shares issued and outstanding
 
Common stock, $.01 par value, 100,000,000 shares authorized, 49,299,672 and 49,289,672 shares issued and outstanding, respectively498
 498
Additional paid-in capital140,502
 139,730
Accumulated other comprehensive income1,731
 1,589
Accumulated deficit(142,620) (133,317)
Total stockholders’ equity111
 8,500
 $30,700
 $32,027
See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

3


TRANSGENOMIC, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Dollars in thousands except per share data)
 
 Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
 June 30, June 30,
 2011 2010 2011 2010
NET SALES$7,667
 $5,095
 $15,148
 $10,537
COST OF GOODS SOLD3,112
 2,608
 6,406
 5,166
Gross profit4,555
 2,487
 8,742
 5,371
OPERATING EXPENSES:       
Selling, general and administrative5,589
 3,033
 9,946
 5,464
Research and development579
 512
 1,135
 1,339
Restructuring Charges11
 
 35
 
 6,179
 3,545
 11,116
 6,803
LOSS FROM OPERATIONS(1,624) (1,058) (2,374) (1,432)
OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE):       
Interest income (expense), net(240) 1
 (478) 1
Expense on preferred stock(4,239) 
 (6,266) 
Other, net1
 
 232
 
 (4,478) 1
 (6,512) 1
LOSS BEFORE INCOME TAXES(6,102) (1,057) (8,886) (1,431)
INCOME TAX EXPENSE (BENEFIT)(104) 89
 (110) 38
NET LOSS$(5,998) $(1,146) $(8,776) $(1,469)
PREFERRED STOCK DIVIDENDS AND ACCRETION(267) 
 (527) 
NET LOSS AVAILABLE TO COMMON STOCKHOLDERS$(6,265) $(1,146) $(9,303) $(1,469)
BASIC AND DILUTED LOSS PER COMMON SHARE$(0.13) $(0.02) $(0.19) $(0.03)
BASIC AND DILUTED WEIGHTED AVERAGE SHARES OF COMMON STOCK OUTSTANDING49,299,672
 49,206,339
 49,296,339
 49,198,005
See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.


4


TRANSGENOMIC, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Six Months Ended June 30, 2011
(Dollars in thousands except per share data)
 
 Common Stock        
 
Outstanding
Shares
 
Par
Value
 
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
 
Accumulated
Deficit
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
 Total
Balance, January 1, 201149,289,672
 $498
 $139,730
 $(133,317) $1,589
 $8,500
Net loss
 
 
 (8,776) (8,776) (8,776)
Other comprehensive income (loss):           
Foreign currency translation adjustment, net of tax
 
 
 
 142
 142
Comprehensive loss        (8,634)  
Non-cash stock-based compensation
 
 765
 
 
 765
Issuance of shares for employee stock options10,000
 
 7
 
 
 7
Preferred stock accretion
 
 
 (227)   (227)
Dividends on preferred stock
 
 
 (300) 
 (300)
Balance, June 30, 201149,299,672
 498
 140,502
 (142,620) $1,731
 $111
See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.


5


TRANSGENOMIC, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Dollars in thousands)
 
 Six Months Ended
 June 30,
 2011 2010
CASH FLOWS PROVIDED BY (USED IN) OPERATING ACTIVITIES:   
Net loss$(8,776) $(1,469)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash flows provided by (used in) operating activities:   
Depreciation and amortization992
 378
Non-cash, stock based compensation765
 (50)
Provision for losses on doubtful accounts1,227
 2
Provision for losses on inventory obsolescence48
 67
Preferred stock revaluation6,266
 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:   
Accounts receivable(769) 565
Inventories2
 62
Prepaid expenses and other current assets215
 147
Accounts payable(196) (99)
Accrued liabilities276
 404
Other long term liabilities24
 (47)
Long term deferred income taxes13
 13
Net cash flows provided by (used in) operating activities87
 (27)
CASH FLOWS USED IN INVESTING ACTIVITIES:   
Purchase of property and equipment(216) (108)
Change in other assets(139) (18)
Net cash flows used in investing activities(355) (126)
CASH FLOWS PROVIDED BY (USED IN) FINANCING ACTIVITIES:   
Principal payments on capital lease obligations(156) 
Issuance of common stock7
 42
Principal payment on note payable(495) 
Net cash flows provided by (used in) financing activities(644) 42
EFFECT OF FOREIGN CURRENCY EXCHANGE RATE CHANGES ON CASH97
 (115)
NET CHANGE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS(815) (226)
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT BEGINNING OF PERIOD3,454
 5,642
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT END OF PERIOD$2,639
 $5,416
SUPPLEMENTAL CASH FLOW INFORMATION   
Cash paid during the period for:   
Interest$480
 $
Income taxes, net13
 2
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF NON-CASH INFORMATION   
Acquisition of equipment through capital leases$390
 $
Dividends payable on preferred stock300
 
See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.


6


TRANSGENOMIC, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Six Months Ended June 30, 2011 and 2010

A.BUSINESS DESCRIPTION
Business Description.
Transgenomic, Inc. is a global biotechnology company specializing in high sensitivity genetic variation and mutation analysis, providing products and services in DNA mutation detection and discovery for clinical research, clinical molecular diagnostics and pharmacogenomics analyses.
Laboratory Services:
Molecular Clinical Reference Laboratory. The molecular clinical reference laboratory specializes in genetic testing for oncology, hematology and inherited disorders. Located in New Haven, Connecticut and Omaha, Nebraska the molecular clinical reference laboratories are certified under the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendment (CLIA) as high complexity labs and our Omaha facility is accredited by CAP (College of American Pathologists).
Pharmacogenomics Research Services. Pharmacogenomics research services are provided by our Contract Research Organization located in Omaha, Nebraska. This lab specializes in pharmacogenomic, biomarker and mutation discovery research serving the pharmaceutical and biomedical industries world-wide for disease research, drug and diagnostic development and clinical trial support.
Instrument Related Business:
Bioinstruments. Our proprietary product is the WAVE® System which has broad applicability to genetic variation detection in both molecular genetic research and molecular diagnostics. There is a worldwide installed base of over 1,500 WAVE Systems as of June 30, 2011. We also distribute bioinstruments produced by other manufacturers (“OEM Equipment”) through our sales and distribution network. Service contracts to maintain installed systems are sold and supported by technical support personnel.
Bioconsumables. The installed WAVE base and some OEM platforms generate a demand for consumables that are required for the continued operation of the bioinstruments. We develop, manufacture and sell these consumable products. In addition, we manufacture and sell consumable products that can be used on multiple, independent platforms. These products include SURVEYOR® Nuclease and a range of chromatography columns.

B.SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Principles of Consolidation.
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Transgenomic, Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiary. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
Risks and Uncertainties.
Certain risks and uncertainties are inherent in our day-to-day operations and to the process of preparing our financial statements.

The preparation of consolidated financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of net sales and expenses during the reporting period. In addition, estimates and assumptions associated with the determination of the fair value of certain assets and related impairments require considerable judgment by management. Actual results could differ from the estimates and assumptions used in preparing these consolidated financial statements.
Fair Value.
Unless otherwise specified, book value approximates fair market value. The preferred stock conversion feature and warrant liability are recorded at fair value. See Footnote L.
Basis of Presentation.
The condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2010 was derived from our audited balance sheet as of that date. The accompanying consolidated financial statements as of and for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010

7

TRANSGENOMIC, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
Six Months Ended June 30, 2011 and 2010


are unaudited and reflect all adjustments which are, in the opinion of management, necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position and operating results for the interim periods. These unaudited consolidated financial statements and notes should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto for the year ended December 31, 2010 contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K. The results of operations for the interim periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the results for the entire year.
Cash and Cash Equivalents.
Cash and cash equivalents include cash and investments with original maturities at acquisition of three months or less. Such investments presently consist of temporary overnight investments.
Concentrations of Cash.
From time to time, we may maintain a cash position with financial institutions in amounts that exceed federally insured limits. We have not experienced any losses on such accounts as of June 30, 2011.
Accounts Receivable.
The following is a summary of activity for the allowance for doubtful accounts during the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010:
 
 Dollars in Thousands
 
Beginning
Balance
 Provision Write Offs 
Ending
Balance
Three Months Ended June 30, 2011$716
 $779
 $(108) $1,387
Three Months Ended June 30, 2010$279
 $16
 $
 $295
Six Months Ended June 30, 2011$334
 $1,228
 $(175) $1,387
Six Months Ended June 30, 2010$310
 $(11) $(4) $295
While payment terms are generally 30 days, we have also provided extended payment terms of up to 90 days in certain cases. We operate globally and some of the international payment terms may be greater than 90 days. Accounts receivable are carried at original invoice and shown net of allowance for doubtful accounts and contractual allowances. The estimate made for doubtful accounts is based on a review of all outstanding amounts on a quarterly basis. We determine the allowance for doubtful accounts and contractual allowances by regularly evaluating individual customer receivables and considering a customer’s financial condition, credit history and current economic conditions. Accounts receivable are written off when deemed uncollectible. Recoveries of accounts receivable previously written off are recorded when received.
Inventories.
Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market net of allowance for obsolete inventory. Cost is computed using standard costs for finished goods and average or latest actual cost for raw materials and work in process, which approximates the first-in, first-out (FIFO) method.
 
The following is a summary of activity for the allowance for obsolete inventory during the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010: 

 Dollars in Thousands
 
Beginning
Balance
 Provision Write Offs 
Ending
Balance
Three Months Ended June 30, 2011$520
 $41
 $(41) $520
Three Months Ended June 30, 2010$478
 $67
 $(9) $536
Six Months Ended June 30, 2011$518
 $49
 $(47) $520
Six Months Ended June 30, 2010$507
 $65
 $(36) $536
We determine the allowance for obsolete inventory by evaluating quarterly the inventory for items deemed to be slow moving or obsolete. Included in our provision is the foreign currency impact of the consolidation of our subsidiary.

8

TRANSGENOMIC, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
Six Months Ended June 30, 2011 and 2010


Property and Equipment.
Property and equipment are carried at cost. Depreciation is computed by the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the related assets as follows:
 
Leasehold improvements1 to 10 years
  
Furniture and fixtures3 to 7 years
  
Production equipment3 to 7 years
  
Computer equipment3 to 7 years
  
Research and development equipment2 to 7 years
Depreciation expense related to property and equipment during the six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010 was $0.4 million and $0.2 million, respectively. Included in depreciation for the six months ended June 30, 2011 was less than $0.1 million related to capital leases. We did not have any capital leases in the second quarter of 2010.
Goodwill.
Goodwill is the excess of the purchase price over fair value of assets acquired and is not amortized. Goodwill is tested for impairment annually. We perform this impairment analysis during the fourth quarter of each year or when a significant event occurs which may impact goodwill. Impairment occurs when the carrying value is determined to be not recoverable thereby causing the carrying value of the goodwill to exceed its fair value. If impaired, the asset’s carrying value is reduced to its fair value. We recorded no impairment charges related to goodwill as of December 31, 2010. No events have transpired in the six months ended June 30, 2011 that would require reevaluation of this conclusion.
Intangibles.
Intangibles include intellectual property, patents and acquired products.

1.
Intellectual Property.

Initial costs paid to license intellectual property from independent third parties are capitalized and amortized using the straight-line method over the license period. Ongoing royalties related to such licenses are expensed as incurred.

2.
Patents.
 
We capitalize legal costs, filing fees and other expenses associated with obtaining patents on new discoveries and amortize these costs using the straight-line method over the shorter of the legal life of the patent or its economic life beginning on the date the patent is issued.
 
3.
Acquired Products.

As a part of the FAMILION acquisition we acquired technology, in process technology, trademarks/tradenames and third party relationships. These costs will be amortized straight line over their estimated economic life of seven to eight years. See Footnote E.
 
These assets are treated as long-lived assets. Long-lived assets will be tested for impairment on an annual basis or when a significant event occurs, which may impact impairment. We review quarterly the carrying value of our long-lived assets to assess recoverability and impairment. We recorded no impairments as of June 30, 2011 or December 31, 2010.
Other Long Term Assets.
Other long term assets include US security deposits and deferred tax assets.

9

TRANSGENOMIC, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
Six Months Ended June 30, 2011 and 2010


Stock Based Compensation.
All stock options awarded to date have exercise prices equal to the market price of our common stock on the date of grant and have ten-year contractual terms. Unvested options as of June 30, 2011 had vesting periods of one or three years from date of grant. None of the stock options outstanding at June 30, 2011 are subject to performance or market-based vesting conditions.
We measure and recognize compensation expense for all stock-based awards made to employees and directors, including stock options. Compensation expense is based on the calculated fair value of the awards as measured at the grant date and is expensed ratably over the service period of the awards (generally the vesting period).
During the three months ended June 30, 2011, we recorded compensation expense of $0.8 million within the selling, general and administrative expense. During the six months ended June 30, 2011, we recorded compensation expense of $0.8 million within the selling, general and administrative expense as a result of the vesting of options exercisable for the purchase of 3.6 million shares. During the six months ended June 30, 2010, we recorded compensation expenses of less than $0.1 million within selling, general and administrative expense as a result of the vesting of options exercisable for the purchase of 1.3 million shares. As of June 30, 2011, there was $1.2 million of unrecognized compensation expense related to unvested stock options, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of nearly three years.
The fair value of the options granted during the quarters ended June 30, 2011 and 2010 was estimated on their respective grant dates using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. We granted 2.2 million stock options during the second quarter of 2011. These stock options were granted to our entire employee base with the bulk being granted to our senior management team. The Black-Scholes model was used with the following assumptions: risk-free interest rates of 1.87% based on the U.S. Treasury yield in effect at the time of grant; dividend yields of zero percent; expected lives of four years, based on expected exercise activity behavior; and volatility of 105% based on the historical volatility of our stock over a time that is consistent with the expected life of the option. A small group of senior executives hold the majority of the stock options and are expected to hold the options for five years. Forfeitures of 1.10% have been assumed.
There were 75,000 stock options granted during the quarter ended June 30, 2010. The Black-Scholes model was used with the following assumptions: risk-free interest rates of 1.98% based on the U.S. Treasury yield in effect at the time of grant; dividend yields of zero percent; expected life of five years, based on historical exercise activity behavior; and volatility of 102.69% based on the historical volatility of our stock over a time that is consistent with the expected life of the option. A small group of senior executives held the majority of the stock options and are expected to hold the options until they are vested. Forfeitures of 2.2% were assumed in the calculation.
Income Taxes.
Deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on the differences between the financial reporting and tax basis of assets and liabilities at each balance sheet date using tax rates expected to be in effect in the year the differences are expected to reverse. Deferred tax assets are reduced by a valuation allowance to the extent that it is more likely than not that they will not be realized. Our policy is to record interest and penalties directly related to income taxes as income tax expense in the Consolidated Statement of Operations.
Net Sales Recognition.
Revenue is realized and earned when all of the following criteria are met:
Persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists
Delivery has occurred or services have been rendered
The seller’s price to the buyer is fixed or determinable, and
Collectability is reasonably assured.
Net sales of products are recognized in accordance with the terms of the sales arrangement. Such recognition is based on receipt of an unconditional customer order and transfer of title and risk of ownership to the customer, typically upon shipment of the product under a purchase order. Our sales terms do not provide for the right of return unless the product is damaged or defective. Net sales from certain services associated with the analytical instruments, to be performed subsequent to shipment of the products, is deferred and recognized when the services are provided. Such services, mainly limited to installation and training services that are not essential to the functionality of the instruments, typically are performed in a timely manner subsequent to shipment of the instrument. We also enter into various service contracts that cover installed instruments. These contracts cover specific time periods and net sales associated with these contracts are deferred and recognized ratably over the service period. At June 30, 2011 and

10

TRANSGENOMIC, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
Six Months Ended June 30, 2011 and 2010


2010, deferred net sales, mainly associated with our service contracts, included in the balance sheet in accrued liabilities, was approximately $1.4 million for each of the periods.
 
Net sales from our Molecular Clinical Reference Laboratory Services are recognized on an individual test basis and takes place when the test report is completed, reviewed and sent to the client less the reserve for insurance, Medicare and Medicaid contractual adjustments. There are no deferred net sales associated with our Molecular Clinical Reference Laboratory. Adjustments to the allowances, based on actual receipts from third party payers, are recorded upon settlement.
In our Pharmacogenomics Research Services Group, we perform services on a project by project basis. When we get payment in advance we recognize revenue when we deliver the service. These projects typically do not extend beyond one year. At June 30, 2011 and 2010, deferred net sales associated with the pharmacogenomics research projects included in the balance sheet in other accrued liabilities, was $0.1 million and less than $0.1 million, respectively.
Taxes collected from customers and remitted to government agencies for specific net sales producing transactions are recorded net with no effect on the income statement.
Research and Development.
Research and development and various collaboration costs are charged to expense when incurred.
Preferred Stock.
We entered into a Series A Convertible Preferred Stock Purchase Agreement on December 29, 2010, as discussed in Note L, selling shares of preferred stock and issuing warrants to purchase a certain number of shares of Series A Preferred Stock. The Series A Preferred Stock meets the definition of mandatorily redeemable stock as it is preferred capital stock which is redeemable at the option of the holder and should be reported outside of equity. Preferred stock is accreted to its redemption value. The warrants do not qualify to be treated as equity, and accordingly, are recorded as a liability. A preferred stock conversion feature is embedded within the Series A Preferred Stock that meets the definition of a derivative. The preferred stock, warrant liability and preferred stock conversion feature are all recorded separately and were initially recorded at fair value using the Black Scholes model. We are required to record these instruments at fair value at each reporting date and changes will be recorded as an adjustment to earnings. The warrant liability and preferred stock conversion feature are considered level three financial instruments. See Footnote L.
Translation of Foreign Currency.
Our foreign subsidiary uses the local currency of the country in which it is located as their functional currency. Its assets and liabilities are translated into U.S. dollars at the exchange rates in effect at the balance sheet date. Cumulative translation gain of approximately $0.1 million is reported as accumulated other comprehensive income on the accompanying consolidated balance sheet as of June 30, 2011. Cumulative translation losses of $0.2 million were reported as accumulated other comprehensive income for the six months ended June 30, 2010. Revenues and expenses are translated at the average rates during the period. For transactions that are not denominated in the functional currency, we recognized $0.1 million as foreign currency transaction loss in the determination of net loss for the six months ending June 30, 2011 and $0.5 million as foreign currency transaction loss in the determination of net loss for the six months ending June 30, 2010.
Other Income.
Other income consists primarily of interest income from cash and cash equivalents invested in overnight instruments. Other income in the six months ended June 30, 2011 includes an award of a federal grant under the Qualifying Therapeutic Discovery Project related to COLD-PCR, Surveyor Scan kit development for key cancer pathway gene mutations and mtDNA damage assays. Other income related to this federal grant was $0.2 million, net of consulting fees. Other income for the three months ended June 30, 2011 was less than $0.1 million. Other income for the three and six months ending June 30, 2010 was less than $0.1 million.
 
Comprehensive Income.
Accumulated other comprehensive income at June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010 consisted of foreign currency translation adjustments, net of applicable tax of zero. We deem our foreign investments to be permanent in nature and do not provide for taxes on currency translation adjustments arising from converting investments in a foreign currency to U.S. dollars.

11

TRANSGENOMIC, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
Six Months Ended June 30, 2011 and 2010


Earnings Per Share.
Basic earnings per share is calculated based on the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during each period. Diluted earnings per share include shares issuable upon exercise of outstanding stock options, warrants or conversion rights that have exercise or conversion prices below the market value of our common stock. Options, warrants and conversion rights pertaining to 18,504,943 and 10,763,324 shares of our common stock have been excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per share at June 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively. The options, warrants and conversion rights that were exercisable in 2011 and 2010 were not included because the effect would be anti-dilutive due to the net loss.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements.
In October 2009, the FASB issued ASU No. 2009-13, Revenue Recognition (ASC 605): Multiple-Deliverable Revenue Arrangements (a consensus of the FASB Emerging Issues Task Force); effective for years beginning after June 15, 2010. Vendors often provide multiple products and/or services to their customers as part of a single arrangement. These deliverables may be provided at different points in time or over different time periods. The existing guidance regarding how and whether to separate these deliverables and how to allocate the overall arrangement consideration to each was originally captured in EITF Issue No. 00-21, Revenue Arrangements with Multiple Deliverables, which is now codified at ASC 605-25, Revenue Recognition – Multiple-Element Arrangements. The issuance of ASU 2009-13 amends ASC 605-25 and represents a significant shift from the existing guidance that was considered abuse-preventative and heavily geared toward ensuring that revenue recognition was not accelerated. The application of this new guidance is expected to result in accounting for multiple-deliverable revenue arrangements that better reflects their economics as more arrangements will be separated into individual units of accounting. Our adoption of ASU No. 2009-13 did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
In October 2009, the FASB issued ASU No. 2009-14, Software (ASC 985): Certain Revenue Arrangements That Include Software Elements (a consensus of the FASB Emerging Issues Task Force); effective for years beginning after June 15, 2010. ASU 2009-14 modifies the existing scope guidance in ASC 985-605, Software Revenue Recognition, for revenue arrangements with tangible products that include software elements. This modification was made primarily due to the changes in ASC 605-25 noted previously, which further differentiated the separation and allocation guidance applicable to non-software arrangements as compared to software arrangements. Prior to the modification of ASC 605-25, the separation and allocation guidance for software and non-software arrangements was more similar. Under ASC 985-605, which was originally issued as AICPA Statement of position 97-2, Software Revenue Recognition, an arrangement to sell a tangible product along with software was considered to be in its scope if the software was more than incidental to the product as a whole. Our adoption of ASU No. 2009-14 did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
In January 2010, the FASB issued guidance to amend the disclosure requirements related to fair value measurements, effective for years beginning after December 15, 2010. The guidance requires the disclosure of roll forward activities on purchases, sales, issuance, and settlements of the assets and liabilities measured using significant unobservable inputs (Level Three fair value measurements). We adopted the new disclosure provisions with the filing of our Form 10-Q for the three months ended March 31, 2011.

C.INVENTORIES
Inventories (net of allowances for obsolescence) consisted of the following:
 
 Dollars in Thousands
 
June 30,
2011

 
December 31,
2010

Finished goods$1,940
 $2,119
Raw materials and work in process1,544
 1,531
Demonstration inventory345
 212
 $3,829
 $3,862
Less allowance for obsolescence(520) (518)
Total$3,309
 $3,344


12

TRANSGENOMIC, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
Six Months Ended June 30, 2011 and 2010



D.INTANGIBLES AND OTHER ASSETS
Long Lived intangible assets and other assets consisted of the following:
 
 Dollars in Thousands
 June 30, 2011 December 31, 2010
 Cost 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net Book
Value
 Cost 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net Book
Value
Intangibles—acquired technology$6,535
 $455
 $6,080
 $6,535
 $
 $6,535
Intangibles—assay royalties1,434
 103
 1,331
 1,434
 
 1,434
Intangibles—third party payor relationships367
 
 367
 367
 
 367
Intangibles—tradenames and trademarks344
 25
 319
 344
 
 344
Patents665
 256
 409
 511
 245
 266
Intellectual property20
 4
 16
 290
 274
 16
 $9,365
 $843
 $8,522
 $9,481
 $519
 $8,962
 
  
 Estimated Useful Life
Intellectual property10 years
Patents7 years
Intangibles—acquired technology7 – 8 years
Intangibles—third party payor relationshipsIndefinite
Intangibles—assay royalties7 years
Intangibles—tradenames and trademarks7 years
Other assets include US security deposits and deferred tax assets, net of applicable valuation allowances.
Amortization expense for intangible assets was $0.3 million and less than $0.1 million during the three months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively. Amortization expense for intangible assets was $0.6 million and less than $0.1 million during the six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively. Amortization expense for intangible assets is expected to be $1.2 million in each of the years 2011 through 2017.

E.DEBT
 
 Dollars in Thousands
 June 30,
2011
 December 31,
2010
PGxHealth note payable (1)$8,640
 $8,640
PGxHealth note payable (2)494
 989
 $9,134
 $9,629
(1)The First Note is a three year senior secured promissory note to PGxHealth, LLC entered into on December 29, 2010 in conjunction with our acquisition of the FAMILION family of genetic tests from PGxHealth. Interest is payable at 10% per year with quarterly interest payments through March 29, 2012. Thereafter, quarterly installments will include both principal and interest through December 30, 2013.
 
(2)The Second Note is a one year senior secured promissory note to PGxHealth, LLC entered into on December 31, 2010 for facility improvements made to the CLIA certified laboratory in New Haven, Connecticut. Interest is payable at 6.5% per year with the principal and interest payable in twelve monthly installments with the final payment due on December 31, 2011.
The entire unpaid balance of the Notes will become immediately due and payable if: (i) we fail to make timely payments

13

TRANSGENOMIC, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
Six Months Ended June 30, 2011 and 2010


under the Notes; (ii) we make an assignment for the benefit of creditors; (iii) we file for bankruptcy; or (iv) upon any event of default under the Security Agreement. Additionally, under the terms of the First Note, if we consummate an equity financing that involves the receipt by us of net proceeds of not less than $6,000,000, then we shall, upon the consummation of such equity financing, pay to PGxHealth the lesser of: (i) 25% of the gross proceeds received from such financing; and (ii) the then-outstanding balance under the First Note. Under the terms of the Second Note, in the event of a sale of all or substantially all of the assets of the Company, we shall pay PGxHealth the lesser of: (i) 100% of the proceeds, less certain fees, received pursuant to such sale; and (ii) the then-outstanding balance under the Second Note.
The Notes are secured by the assets of Transgenomic.
The aggregate minimum principal maturities of the debt for each of the three fiscal years following June 30, 2011 are as follows:
 
2011$1,728
20123,703
20133,703
 $9,134
 
F.CAPITAL LEASES
 
The following is an analysis of the leased property under capital leases.

 Dollars in Thousands
 Asset Balances at
Classes of Property
June 30,
2011

 
December 31,
2010

Equipment$784
 $394
Less: Accumulated amortization(78) (13)
Total$706
 $381
The following is a schedule by years of future minimum lease payments under capital leases together with the present value of the net minimum lease payments as of June 30, 2011.
Year ending December 31:
 
 Dollars in Thousands
2011$145
2012224
2013209
201435
Total minimum lease payments$613
Less: Amount representing interest(94)
Present value of net minimum lease payments$519

G.COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
We are subject to a number of claims of various amounts, which arise out of the normal course of business. In the opinion of management, the disposition of pending claims will not have a material adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
We lease certain equipment, vehicles and operating facilities under non-cancellable operating leases that expire on various dates through 2016. The future minimum lease payments required under these leases are approximately $0.6 million in 2011, $1.1 million in 2012, $0.6 million in 2013, $0.4 million in 2014 , $0.4million in 2015 and $0.3 million in 2016. Rent expense for the three months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010 was $0.3 million and $0.2 million, respectively. Rent expense for each of the six

14

TRANSGENOMIC, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
Six Months Ended June 30, 2011 and 2010


months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010 was $0.5 million and $0.4 million, respectively.
We have entered into an employment agreement with Craig J. Tuttle, our President and Chief Executive Officer. The current term of Mr. Tuttle’s employment agreement ends on July 12, 2012. The employment agreement provides that Mr. Tuttle will be entitled to receive a severance payment from the Company if his employment is terminated involuntarily except if such termination is based on “just cause”, as that term is defined in his employment agreement. The severance payment payable in the event of involuntary termination without just cause is equal to his annual base salary at the time of termination and will be paid over a twelve-month period. The employment agreement provides that the severance payment provision will be honored if the Company is acquired by, or merged into, another company and his position is eliminated as a result of such acquisition or merger. In addition we have one employee who is entitled to a severance payment of less than $0.1 million if the employee’s position is eliminated prior to July 2012.
At June 30, 2011, firm commitments to vendors to purchase components used in WAVE Systems and instruments manufactured by others totaled $1.3 million.

H.INCOME TAXES
We file income tax returns in the U.S. federal jurisdiction, various U.S. state jurisdictions and various foreign jurisdictions. We have statutes of limitation open for Federal income tax returns related to tax years 2007 through 2010. We have state income tax returns subject to examination primarily for tax years 2007 through 2010. Open tax years related to foreign jurisdictions remain subject to examination. Our primary foreign jurisdiction is the United Kingdom which has open tax years for 2007 through 2010.
Income tax benefit for the six months ended June 30, 2011 was a benefit $0.1 million. This is the result of the change in deferred tax assets and liabilities reported in financial statements of our subsidiary outside the U.S. We believe the tax benefit recorded will be offset in future periods by a tax expense related to income reported in financial statements of our subsidiary outside the U.S. Income tax expense for the six months ended June 30, 2010 was less than $0.1 million. The effective tax rate for the six months ended June 30, 2011 is 1.14% which is primarily the result of valuation allowances against the Net Operating Losses for the U.S. .
During the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, there were no material changes to the liability for uncertain tax positions.

I.EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLAN
 
We maintain an employee 401(k) retirement savings plan that allows for voluntary contributions into designated investment funds by eligible employees. We match the employee’s contributions at the rate of 50% on the first 6% of contributions. We may, at the discretion of our Board of Directors, make additional contributions on behalf of the Plan’s participants. Contributions to the 401(k) plan were less than $0.1 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2010. No contributions were made in the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 due to cost saving initiatives.

J.STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Common Stock.
The Company’s Board of Directors is authorized to issue up to 100,000,000 shares of common stock, from time to time, as provided in a resolution or resolutions adopted by the Board of Directors.
Common Stock Warrants.
No common stock warrants were issued or exercised during the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 or 2010. At June 30, 2011, there were warrants outstanding which were exercisable to purchase 5,572,408 shares of common stock.
 
Warrant Holder Issue Year Expiration 
Underlying
Shares
 
Exercise
Price
Laurus Master Fund, Ltd. (1) 2004 August 2011 400,000
 $1.13
Affiliates of Third Security, LLC (2) 2010 December 2015 5,172,408
 $0.58
Total     5,572,408
  

15

TRANSGENOMIC, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
Six Months Ended June 30, 2011 and 2010


(1)These warrants were issued in conjunction with two loans that had been made to us by Laurus Master Fund, Ltd. (the “Laurus Loans”), and subsequent modifications of these loans. In conjunction with the 2005 private placement, the exercise prices of these warrants were adjusted according to repricing provisions contained in the original warrant agreements. While the Laurus Loans have been terminated, the warrants remain outstanding.
(2)These warrants were issued in conjunction with the Series A Convertible Preferred Stock financing (the “Financing”) with certain entities affiliated with Third Security, LLC (the “Investors”). The number of shares shown reflects the post conversion shares.
Preferred Stock.
The Company’s Board of Directors is authorized to issue up to 15,000,000 shares of preferred stock in one or more series, from time to time, with such designations, powers, preferences and rights and such qualifications, limitations and restrictions as may be provided in a resolution or resolutions adopted by the Board of Directors. The authority of the Board of Directors includes, but is not limited to, the determination or fixing of the following with respect to shares of such class or any series thereof: (i) the number of shares; (ii) the dividend rate, whether dividends shall be cumulative and, if so, from which date; (iii) whether shares are to be redeemable and, if so, the terms and amount of any sinking fund providing for the purchase or redemption of such shares; (iv) whether shares shall be convertible and, if so, the terms and provisions thereof; (v) what restrictions are to apply, if any, on the issue or reissue of any additional preferred stock; and (vi) whether shares have voting rights. The preferred stock may be issued with a preference over the common stock as to the payment of dividends. The Company has no current plans to issue any additional preferred stock. Classes of stock such as the preferred stock may be used, in certain circumstances, to create voting impediments on extraordinary corporate transactions or to frustrate persons seeking to effect a merger or otherwise to gain control of the Company. For the foregoing reasons, any additional preferred stock issued by the Company could have an adverse effect on the rights of the holders of the common stock.
On December 29, 2010, we entered into a Series A Convertible Preferred Stock Purchase Agreement (“Series A Purchase Agreement”) with the Investors pursuant to which we: (i) sold an aggregate of 2,586,205 shares of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock; and (ii) issued warrants to purchase up to an aggregate of 1,293,102 shares of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock with an exercise price of $2.32 per share. The Warrants may be exercised at any time from December 29, 2010 until December 28, 2015 and contain a “cashless exercise” feature. The shares of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock issuable pursuant to the Series A Purchase Agreement and upon exercise of the Warrants are initially convertible into shares of our common stock at a rate of 4-for-1, which conversion rate is subject to further adjustment as set forth in the Certificate of Designation. The aggregate gross proceeds from the issuance were $6.0 million.
The Series A Convertible Preferred Stock meets the definition of mandatorily redeemable stock as it is preferred capital stock that is redeemable at the option of the holder and should be reported outside of equity. Preferred stock is accreted to its redemption value. The warrants do not qualify to be treated as equity, and accordingly, are recorded as a liability. A preferred stock conversion feature is embedded within the Series A Convertible Preferred Stock that meets the definition of a derivative.
 
The costs to secure the preferred stock were taken against the preferred stock. For the year ended December 31, 2010 these costs were $0.2 million.
We used the net proceeds from the financing to acquire the FAMILION family of genetic tests from PGxHealth, a subsidiary of Clinical Data.
In connection with the Financing, we filed a Certificate of Designation of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware, designating 3,879,307 shares of our Preferred Stock as Series A Convertible Preferred Stock. Certain rights of the holders of the Series A Convertible Preferred Stock are senior to the rights of the holders of Common Stock. The Series A Convertible Preferred Stock has a liquidation preference equal to its original price per share, plus any accrued and unpaid dividends thereon. The Series A Convertible Preferred Stock accrues cumulative dividends at the rate of 10.0% of the original price per share per annum.
Generally, the holders of the Series A Preferred Stock are entitled to vote together with the holders of Common Stock, as a single group, on an as-converted basis. However, the Certificate of Designation provides that we shall not perform some activities, subject to certain exceptions, without the affirmative vote of a majority of the holders of the outstanding shares of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock. The holders of the Series A Convertible Preferred Stock also are entitled to elect or appoint, as a single group, two (2) of the five (5) directors of the Company.
In connection with the Financing, we also entered into a registration rights agreement with the Investors (the “Registration

16

TRANSGENOMIC, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
Six Months Ended June 30, 2011 and 2010


Rights Agreement”). Pursuant to the terms of the Registration Rights Agreement, the Company has granted the Investors certain demand, “piggyback” and S-3 registration rights covering the resale of the shares of Common Stock underlying the Series A Convertible Preferred Stock issued pursuant to the Series A Purchase Agreement and issuable upon exercise of the Warrants and all shares of Common Stock issuable upon any dividend or other distribution with respect thereto. The holders of the Series A Convertible Preferred Stock are entitled to receive quarterly dividends which will accrue whether or not declared, shall compound annually and shall be cumulative. In any calendar quarter we shall be required to pay from funds legally available a cash dividend in the amount of 50% of the distributable cash flow or aggregate amount of dividends accrued on the Series A Convertible Preferred Stock. During the six months ended June 30, 2011 we recorded $0.3 million in dividends payable which were not distributed.

K.FAIR VALUE

Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) guidance on fair value measurements, which defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value, and expands disclosures about fair value measurements for our financial assets and liabilities, as well as for other assets and liabilities that are carried at fair value on a recurring basis in our consolidated financial statements.
FASB guidance establishes a three-level fair value hierarchy based upon the assumptions (inputs) used to price assets or liabilities. The three levels of inputs used to measure fair value are as follows:
Level 1—Unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities,
Level 2—Observable inputs other than those included in Level 1, such as quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets or quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in inactive markets, and
Level 3—Unobservable inputs reflecting our own assumptions and best estimate of what inputs market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability.
The preferred stock warrant liability and preferred stock conversion feature are recorded separately and are recorded at fair value. We are required to record these instruments at fair value at each reporting date and changes are recorded as an adjustment to earnings. The preferred stock warrant liability and preferred stock conversion feature are considered Level 3 financial instruments which are valued using the Black Scholes call option pricing formula.
 
During the three months ended June 30, 2011, the changes in the fair value of the liabilities measured using significant unobservable inputs (Level 3) were comprised of the following:
 
 Dollars in Thousands
 For the six months ended
 June 30, 2011
 
Preferred
Stock
Conversion
Feature
 Preferred
Stock
Warrant
Liability
 Total
Beginning balance at April 1, 2011$5,078
 $1,283
 $6,361
Total gains or losses:     
Recognized in earnings2,522
 1,717
 4,239
Balance at June 30, 2011$7,600
 $3,000
 $10,600

17

TRANSGENOMIC, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
Six Months Ended June 30, 2011 and 2010


During the six months ended June 30, 2011, the changes in the fair value of the liabilities measured using significant unobservable inputs (Level 3) were comprised of the following:
 
 Dollars in Thousands
 For the six months ended
 June 30, 2011
 
Preferred
Stock
Conversion
Feature
 Warrants Total
Beginning balance at January 1, 2011$1,983
 $2,351
 $4,334
Total gains or losses:     
Recognized in earnings5,617
 649
 6,266
Balance at June 30, 2011$7,600
 $3,000
 $10,600
We had no Level 3 liabilities at June 30, 2010. There were no purchases, sales, issuances or settlements in the three or six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010. The gains or losses included in earnings are reported in other income (expense) in our Statement of Operations.

L.STOCK OPTIONS
 
The following table summarizes stock option activity during the six months ended June 30, 2011:
 
 
Number of
Options
 
Weighted Average
Exercise Price
Balance at January 1, 20112,565,001
 $2.11
Granted2,335,500
 1.17
Exercised(10,000) (0.70)
Forfeited(227,001) (2.06)
Cancelled(349,500) (6.67)
Balance at June 30, 20114,314,000
 $1.22
Exercisable at June 30, 20112,587,715
 $1.30
During the six months ended June 30, 2011, we granted options exercisable to purchase 2,335,500 shares of common stock at a weighted average exercise price of $1.17 under our 2006 Equity Incentive Plan.

M.OPERATING SEGMENT AND GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION
Our company’s chief operating decision-maker is the Chief Executive Officer, who regularly evaluates our performance based on net sales and gross profit. The preparation of this segment analysis requires management to make estimates and assumptions around expense below the gross profit level. While we believe the segment information to be directionally correct, actual results could differ from the estimates and assumptions used in preparing this information.
The accounting policies of the segments are the same as the policies discussed in Footnote B – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies.
We have two reportable operating segments, Laboratory Services and Instrument Business.
 

18

TRANSGENOMIC, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
Six Months Ended June 30, 2011 and 2010


Segment information for the three months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010 is as follows:
 
 Dollars in Thousands
 2011 2010
 
Laboratory
Services
 
Instrument
Business
 Total 
Laboratory
Services
 
Instrument
Business
 Total
Net Sales$4,866
 $2,801
 $7,667
 $1,241
 $3,854
 $5,095
Gross Profit3,064
 1,491
 4,555
 418
 2,069
 2,487
Net Loss before Taxes(5,743) (359) (6,102) (506) (551) (1,057)
Income Tax Expense (Benefit)
 (104) (104) 
 89
 89
Net Loss$(5,743) $(255) $(5,998) $(506) $(640) $(1,146)
Depreciation/Amortization444
 46
 490
 73
 48
 121
Restructure
 11
 11
 
 
 
Interest Income (Expense)(240) 
 (240) 
 1
 1

Segment information for the six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010 is as follows:

 Dollars in Thousands
 2011 2010
 
Laboratory
Services
 
Instrument
Business
 Total 
Laboratory
Services
 
Instrument
Business
 Total
Net Sales$8,623
 $6,525
 $15,148
 $2,512
 $8,025
 $10,537
Gross Profit4,850
 3,892
 8,742
 901
 4,470
 5,371
Net Loss before Taxes(9,278) 392
 (8,886) (1,118) (313) (1,431)
Income Tax Expense (Benefit)
 (110) (110) 
 38
 38
Net Loss$(9,278) $502
 $(8,776) $(1,118) $(351) $(1,469)
Depreciation/Amortization872
 95
 967
 152
 104
 256
Restructure
 35
 35
 
 
 
Interest Income (Expense)(473) (5) (478) 
 1
 1
 6/30/2011 6/30/2010
Total Assets$22,621
 $8,079
 $30,700
 $7,395
 $7,051
 $14,446
Net sales by product were as follows:
 
 Dollars in Thousands Dollars in Thousands
 Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
 June 30, June 30,
 2011 2010 2011 2010
Laboratory Services:       
Molecular Clinical Reference Laboratory$3,864
 $931
 $7,351
 $1,873
Pharmacogenomics Research Services1,002
 310
 1,272
 639
 4,866
 1,241
 8,623
 2,512
Instrument Related Business:       
Bioinstruments1,319
 2,217
 3,157
 4,569
Bioconsumables1,482
 1,637
 3,368
 3,456
 2,801
 3,854
 6,525
 8,025
Total Net Sales$7,667
 $5,095
 $15,148
 $10,537

19

TRANSGENOMIC, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
Six Months Ended June 30, 2011 and 2010


Net cost of goods sold was as follows:
 
 Dollars in Thousands Dollars in Thousands
 Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
 June 30, June 30,
 2011 2010 2011 2010
Laboratory Services:       
Molecular Clinical Reference Laboratory$1,435
 $495
 $3,023
 $957
Pharmacogenomics Research Services367
 328
 750
 654
 1,802
 823
 3,773
 1,611
Instrument Related Business:       
Bioinstruments585
 1,024
 1,107
 1,956
Bioconsumables725
 761
 1,526
 1,599
 1,310
 1,785
 2,633
 3,555
Total Cost of Goods Sold$3,112
 $2,608
 $6,406
 $5,166
 
Net sales for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010 by country were as follows:
 
 Dollars in Thousands Dollars in Thousands
 Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
 June 30, June 30,
 2011 2010 2011 2010
United States$5,669
 $2,070
 $10,705
 $4,401
Italy785
 721
 1,611
 1,487
United Kingdom233
 200
 491
 767
France225
 359
 413
 604
Germany182
 345
 394
 905
United Arab Emirates
 774
 
 774
All Other Countries573
 626
 1,534
 1,599
Total$7,667
 $5,095
 $15,148
 $10,537
No other country accounted for more than 5% of total net sales.

More than 95% of our long-lived assets are within the United States. Substantially all of the remaining long-lived assets are within Europe.

N.SUBSEQUENT EVENTS
Events or transactions that occur after the balance sheet date, but before the financial statements are complete, are reviewed to determine if they should be recognized. We have no material subsequent events to be disclosed.


20


Item 2.Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Forward-Looking Information
This report, including Management’s Discussion & Analysis, contains forward-looking statements. These statements are based on management’s current views, assumptions or beliefs of future events and financial performance and are subject to uncertainty and changes in circumstances. Readers of this report should understand that these statements are not guarantees of performance or results. Many factors could affect our actual financial results and cause them to vary materially from the expectations contained in the forward-looking statements. These factors include, among other things: our expected revenue, income (loss), receivables, operating expenses, supplier pricing, availability and prices of raw materials, Medicare/Medicaid/Insurance reimbursements, product pricing, foreign currency exchange rates, sources of funding operations and acquisitions, our ability to raise funds, sufficiency of available liquidity, future interest costs, future economic circumstances, industry conditions, our ability to execute our operating plans, the success of our cost savings initiatives, competitive environment and related market conditions, actions of governments and regulatory factors affecting our business and other risks as described in our reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. In some cases these statements are identifiable through the use of words such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “plan,” “project,” “target,” “can,” “could,” “may,” “should,” “will,” “would” and similar expressions.
You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. The forward-looking statements we make are not guarantees of future performance and are subject to various assumptions, risks and other factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those suggested by these forward-looking statements. Actual results may differ materially from those suggested by the forward-looking statements that we make for a number of reasons including those described in Part II, Item 1A, “Risk Factors,” of this report.
We expressly disclaim any obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law.
The following discussion should be read together with our financial statements and related notes contained in this report and with the financial statements, related notes, and Management’s Discussion & Analysis in our annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2010. Results for the quarter ended June 30, 2011 are not necessarily indicative of results that may be attained in the future.

Overview
Transgenomic, Inc. is a global biotechnology company specializing in high sensitivity genetic variation and mutation analysis, providing products and services in DNA mutation detection and discovery for clinical research, clinical molecular diagnostics and pharmacogenomics analyses.
Laboratory Services:
Molecular Clinical Reference Laboratory. The molecular clinical reference laboratory specializes in genetic testing for oncology, hematology and inherited disorders. Located in New Haven, Connecticut and Omaha, Nebraska the molecular clinical reference laboratories are certified under the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendment (CLIA) as high complexity labs and our Omaha facility is accredited by CAP (College of American Pathologists).
Pharmacogenomics Research Services. Pharmacogenomics research services are provided by our Contract Research Organization located in Omaha, Nebraska. This lab specializes in pharmacogenomic, biomarker and mutation discovery research serving the pharmaceutical and biomedical industries world-wide for disease research, drug and diagnostic development and clinical trial support.
Instrument Related Business:
Bioinstruments. Our proprietary product is the WAVE® System which has broad applicability to genetic variation detection in both molecular genetic research and molecular diagnostics. There is a worldwide installed base of over 1,500 WAVE Systems as of June 30, 2011. We also distribute bioinstruments produced by other manufacturers (“OEM Equipment”) through our sales and distribution network. Service contracts to maintain installed systems are sold and supported by our technical support personnel.
Bioconsumables. The installed WAVE base and some OEM platforms generate a demand for consumables that are required for the continued operation of the bioinstruments. We develop, manufacture and sell these consumable products. In addition, we manufacture and sell consumable products that can be used on multiple, independent platforms. These products include SURVEYOR® Nuclease and a range of chromatography columns.



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Executive Summary
Net sales for the six months ended June 30, 2011 increased by $4.6 million or 44% compared to the same period in 2010. These results include the FAMILION acquisition in our Laboratory Services segment. During the six months ended June 30, 2011, net sales from Laboratory Services increased by $6.1 million compared to the same six month period in 2010. The Clinical Reference Laboratory increase is a result of the revenue of $5.1 million related to the FAMILION acquisition. Net sales from Pharmacogenomics Research Services increased by $0.6 million. Net sales in our Instrument Related Business were down 19% or $1.5 million for the six months ended June 30, 2011 compared to the same period in 2010. Net sales from bioinstruments were down 31% and net sales of consumables were down 3% for the comparable six month periods. Our gross profit margin increased from 51% for the six months ended June 30, 2010 to 58% for the same period in 2011. Laboratory Services gross margin increased from 36% in the six months ended June 30, 2010 to 56% for the same period in 2011. Loss from operations was $2.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2011 compared to $1.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2010.
As of June 30, 2011, we had cash and cash equivalents of $2.6 million .

Outlook

Our laboratory services revenues grew 292% over the same quarter in 2010. Within this business our pharmacogenomics research services grew 223% to $1.0 million for the second quarter of 2011. Testing volume and revenues increased in both our Neurology lab business and in our FAMILION product group with sales of $1.2 million for Neurology and $2.6 million for FAMILION. The FAMILION tests are an important means of identifying cardiac channelopathies, potentially life threatening defects in the heart. Both doctors and patients recognize the benefit that these tests provide in at risk populations, and we expect to continue to expand this franchise.
 
As we experienced in the first quarter, and again this quarter, our significant stock price increase has resulted in non-cash charges due to the revaluation of our preferred stock conversion feature and warrant liability. In the first quarter, this resulted in an expense of $2 million and, with further strengthening of our share price in second quarter; the expense reached an additional $4.2 million bringing the total expense for the first six months of 2011 to $6.3 million. While this non-cash expense appears significant this does not affect our cash flow.
 
         Transgenomic anticipates growth in both our diagnostics and our laboratory services businesses as we commercialize new assay technologies and tests we have developed internally or in-licensed, expanding our menu. In particular, we have substantially increased our footprint in the molecular diagnostics laboratory market through our acquisition of the FAMILION laboratory testing business.  This acquisition brings us historic annual revenues of approximately $13.0 million and a much larger presence both with insurers and patients. This acquisition also provides us access to higher throughput technologies and an expert staff to aid us as we continue growing our reference laboratory business as well as consolidation opportunities already achieved in laboratory operations, billing and customer service functions.
 
In our Pharmacogenomic Services Lab, we continue to perform cancer pathway gene mutation analysis for a number of pharmaceutical companies: both for pre-clinical drug discovery projects and phase II and III clinical trials.  We can now analyze a patient's blood serum rather than a tumor to detect DNA mutations, using our recently licensed ultra-sensitive DNA mutation detection technology, termed “COLD-PCR”, and a significant improvement to COLD-PCR termed “Ice COLD-PCR”. This is a significant achievement, and we believe it should lead to faster growth of our pharmacogenomics research services as pharmaceutical companies adopt this novel approach for both drug and disease research.
 
In addition to Ice COLD-PCR, which offers sensitivity improvements as much as 1,000 times higher than routine DNA testing technology, we have recently discovered a technique to further improve mutation detection sensitivity of standard Sanger sequencing. We have termed this new discovery “BLOCker-Sequencing” and we are combining this new discovery with our Ice COLD-PCR program to bring what we believe to be the most accurate and sensitive mutation detection technology available in the market today.

We believe that this combination of technologies offers us the ability to develop tests for cancer detection or to measure cancer recurrence at earlier stages in the disease process, aiding in drug selection or drug resistance determinations for these patients.  By giving physicians the tools to select or change therapy earlier in the disease process, we can help improve outcomes for cancer patients and their families. 
 
We continue to leverage our core instrument business for on-going instrument and consumable supplies sales worldwide as well as employing our instrument technology and related expertise in our two laboratory services businesses.
 

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Although the WAVE System is a fully matured technology, and both it and its corresponding consumable sales growth in our traditional markets are shrinking, we are expanding our opportunities by selling systems into new geographic areas, including the Middle East and Asia, to continue the revenue from our instrument related business segment.  We also continue to sell OEM instruments worldwide for pre-analytical karyotyping automation and to select markets in Europe for Image Analysis.
 
Our menu of cancer pathway gene mutation kits continues to advance. Market validation trials of our BRAF and PIK3CA kits were begun this quarter. Further, we made significant progress in applying these kits, along with our CE-IVD marked K-RAS kit, to a high-throughput OEM analyzer that will be marketed as a complete system.
 
Finally, we continue to look for opportunities to diversify into new markets, particularly in oncology, where the sensitivities of our technologies provide significant clinical benefit. We have also embarked on several academic collaborations to further validate our newest technologies and better determine how they can and will be used in clinical settings for patients undergoing treatment for cancer.

Uncertainties
We have historically operated at a loss and have not consistently generated sufficient cash from operating activities to cover our operating and other cash expenses. While we have been able to historically finance our operating losses through borrowings or from the issuance of additional equity, we may not be able to obtain such funding due to the tightened credit markets. At June 30, 2011 we had cash and cash equivalents of $2.6 million. We believe that existing sources of liquidity are sufficient to meet expected cash needs during 2011.
The uncertainty of the current general economic conditions could negatively impact our business in the future. There are many factors that affect the market demand for our products and services that we cannot control. Demand for our Instrument Related Business is affected by the needs and budgetary resources of research institutions, universities and hospitals. The instrument purchase represents a significant expenditure by these types of customers and often requires a long sales cycle. These customers may not have the funding available to purchase our instruments. Competition and new instruments in the marketplace also may impact our sales.
We have revaluation risk which occurs when transactions are done in a currency other than the British Pound Sterling. These transactions must be revalued within the Transgenomic, Limited ledger, whose functional currency is the British Pound Sterling. The majority of the transactions on this ledger are in Euro. As a result we are subject to exchange rate risk. Fluctuations in the foreign exchange rates could cause our business to be impacted.

Results of Operations
Three Months Ended June 30, 2011 and 2010
Net Sales. Net sales consisted of the following: 

 Dollars in Thousands
 Three Months Ended  
 June 30, Change
 2011 2010 $     %
Laboratory Services:       
Molecular Clinical Reference Laboratory$3,864
 $931
 $2,933
 315 %
Pharmacogenomics Research Services1,002
 310
 692
 223 %
 4,866
 1,241
 3,625
 292 %
Instrument Related Business:       
Bioinstruments1,319
 2,217
 (898) (41)%
Bioconsumables1,482
 1,637
 (155) (9)%
 2,801
 3,854
 (1,053) (27)%
Total Net sales$7,667
 $5,095
 $2,572
 50 %
Net sales of Laboratory Services increased $3.6 million during the three months ended June 30, 2011 compared to the same period in 2010. Laboratory Services sales includes both the Molecular Clinical Reference Laboratory Services and the

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Pharmacogenomics Research Services. The Molecular Clinical Reference Laboratory Services net sales were up $2.9 million compared to the three months ended June 30, 2010. Of this increase in the Molecular Clinical Reference Laboratory revenue, $2.7 million is due to our acquisition of the FAMILION family of genetic tests on December 29, 2010. In addition, our revenue increased for our cardiology family of tests due to the mix of tests performed and the average revenue per test by $0.2 million .
The Pharmacogenomics Research Services net sales of $1.0 million during the three months ended June 30, 2011 increased $0.7 million compared to the second quarter of 2010. The increase in revenue is a direct result of Transgenomic being selected by a major pharmaceutical company to perform highly sensitive mutational analyses on a large number of clinical trial samples in an expedited fashion. Due to impending deadlines set by the relevant agencies, the assays had to be performed both within a limited time frame and using methods considered to be the gold standard for mutation detection. Previous high-quality work performed for this client was a critical factor in choosing Transgenomic to run the assays. In addition, the Surveyor Scan/DNA sequencing methodologies used at Transgenomic met the requirements of sensitivity and specificity needed by the regulatory agencies. The successful completion of this project has led to additional signed contracts with this customer. The Pharmacogenomics Research Services net sales have peaks due to the nature of patient enrollment patterns in clinical trials. While the overall revenue generated from genetic testing within clinical trials is significant, it is usually spread over the length of the trial. Therefore, each period for Pharmacogenomics Research Services should be considered on a standalone basis and is not indicative of future net sales.
Bioinstrument sales consist of sales of our WAVE System and associated equipment that we manufacture or assemble, net sales from service contracts that we enter into with purchasers of our instruments, as well as sales of instruments we distribute for other manufacturers (“OEM equipment”). We also sell refurbished WAVE Systems in order to access additional customers. Bioinstrument net sales decreased $0.9 million, or 41%, during the three months ended June 30, 2011 as compared to the same period in 2010. The decrease in bioinstrument net sales was due to fewer instruments sold in the second quarter of 2011. We sold one WAVE instrument in the second quarter of 2011 compared to 14 in the second quarter of 2010. Demand for WAVE Systems has been affected by significant competitive challenges from traditional (i.e. sequencing) and evolving technologies. We sold one OEM instrument in the second quarter of 2011 compared to zero in the second quarter of 2010.

Net sales of bioconsumables were down 9% or $0.2 million during the three months ended June 30, 2011 compared to 2010. The United States and Europe had lower volumes in the second quarter of 2011 compared to the second quarter of 2010.
Costs of Goods Sold. Costs of goods sold include material costs for the products that we sell and substantially all other costs associated with our manufacturing facilities (primarily personnel costs, rent and depreciation). It also includes direct costs (primarily personnel costs, rent, supplies and depreciation) associated with our Laboratory Services operations. Cost of goods sold consisted of the following: 

 Dollars in Thousands
 Three Months Ended  
 June 30, Change
 2011 2010 $     %
Laboratory Services:       
Molecular Clinical Reference Laboratory$1,435
 $495
 $940
 190 %
Pharmacogenomics Research Services367
 328
 39
 12 %
 1,802
 823
 979
 119 %
Instrument Related Business:       
Bioinstruments585
 1,024
 (439) (43)%
Bioconsumables725
 761
 (36) (5)%
 1,310
 1,785
 (475) (27)%
Costs of Goods Sold$3,112
 $2,608
 $504
 19 %
Gross profit was $4.6 million million or 59% of total net sales during the second quarter of 2011, compared to $2.5 million or 49% during the same period of 2010. During the three months ended June 30, 2011, the gross margin for the Laboratory Services was 63% as compared to 34% in the same period of 2010. The gross margin on the Clinical Reference Laboratory was 63% for the second quarter of 2011 compared to 47% for the second quarter of 2010. The three months ended June 30, 2011 include the business acquired in the acquisition of the FAMILION family of genetic tests. Pharmacogenomics gross margin increased from negative 6% for the three months ended June 30, 2010 to 63% for the three months ended June 30, 2011. Pharmacogenomics has a relatively fixed cost base so the increase in revenue directly impacts margins. The bioinstrument margin increased from 54%

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in the three months ended June 30, 2010 to 56% in the same period of 2011. Margins on bioconsumables decreased from 54% to 51% in 2011.
Selling, General and Administrative Expenses. Selling, general and administrative expenses primarily consist of personnel costs, marketing, travel and entertainment costs, professional fees, and facility costs. In addition, foreign currency revaluation is included here. Our selling, general and administrative costs increased $2.6 million from $3.0 million to $5.6 million during the three month period ended June 30, 2011 compared to the same period in 2010. The primary increase in our selling, general and administrative costs is due to the acquisition of the FAMILION family of genetic tests of $1.2 million. In addition, we had $0.8 million in expense related to the vesting of the employee stock option grants, bad debt charges of $0.7 million and amortization of acquired intangible assets of $0.3 million. Foreign currency revaluation loss for the three months ended June 30, 2011 were less than $0.1 million compared to $0.4 million in revaluation loss for the three months ended June 30, 2010.
Research and Development Expenses. Research and development expenses primarily include personnel costs, legal fees, outside services, collaboration expenses, supplies, and facility costs and are expensed in the period in which they are incurred. For the second quarter of 2011 and 2010 these costs totaled $0.6 million and $0.5 million, respectively. Research and development expenses totaled 8% and 10% of net sales during the three months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively. The decrease as a percentage of net sales is due primarily to the consolidation of our research and development activities in Omaha, Nebraska which is offset by legal costs to defend a patent.
Other Income (Expense). Other expense for the three months ended June 30, 2011 includes the expense on preferred stock which is due to the increase in fair value of the Preferred Stock conversion feature and warrants. This is a non-cash item.
Income Tax Expense (Benefit). Income tax benefit for the three months ended June 30, 2011 was a benefit of $0.1 million. This is the result of the change in deferred tax assets and liabilities reported in the financial statements of our subsidiary outside the U.S. This tax benefit is partially offset by tax expense related to state and franchise taxes as well as reserves for uncertain income taxes. We believe the tax benefit recorded will be offset in future periods by a tax expense, related to income reported in financial statements of our subsidiary outside the U.S. Income tax benefit for the three months ended June 30, 2010 was less than $0.1 million.

Results of Operations
Six Months Ended June 30, 2011 and 2010
Net Sales. Net sales consisted of the following: 

 Dollars in Thousands
 Six Months Ended  
 June 30, Change
 2011 2010 $     %
Laboratory Services:       
Molecular Clinical Reference Laboratory$7,351
 $1,873
 $5,478
 292 %
Pharmacogenomics Research Services1,272
 639
 633
 99 %
 8,623
 2,512
 6,111
 243 %
Instrument Related Business:       
Bioinstruments3,157
 4,569
 (1,412) (31)%
Bioconsumables3,368
 3,456
 (88) (3)%
 6,525
 8,025
 (1,500) (19)%
Total Net sales$15,148
 $10,537
 $4,611
 44 %
Net sales of Laboratory Services increased $6.1 million during the six months ended June 30, 2011 compared to the same period in 2010. Laboratory Services sales includes both the Molecular Clinical Reference Laboratory Services and the Pharmacogenomics Research Services. The Molecular Clinical Reference Laboratory Services net sales were up $5.5 million compared to the six months ended June 30, 2010. Of this increase in the Molecular Clinical Reference Laboratory revenue, $5.4 million is due to our acquisition of the FAMILION family of genetic tests on December 29, 2010.
The Pharmacogenomics Research Services net sales of $1.3 million during the six months ended June 30, 2011 increased $0.6 million compared to the second quarter of 2010. As previously discussed in the three months ended June 30, 2011, the

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increase is due to the completion of a project with a major pharmaceutical company. The Pharmacogenomics Research Services net sales have peaks due to the nature of project related business. Each period for Pharmacogenomics Research Services should be considered on a stand alone basis and is not indicative of future net sales.
Bioinstrument sales consist of sales of our WAVE System and associated equipment that we manufacture or assemble, net sales from service contracts that we enter into with purchasers of our instruments, as well as sales of instruments we distribute for other manufacturers (“OEM equipment”). We also sell refurbished WAVE Systems in order to access additional customers. Bioinstrument net sales decreased $1.4 million, or 31%, during the six months ended June 30, 2011 as compared to the same period in 2010. The decrease in bioinstrument net sales was due to fewer instruments sold in the six months ended June 30, 2011. There were three OEM instruments sold in 2011 compared to five in 2010. We sold five WAVE instruments in 2011 compared to18 in 2010. Demand for WAVE Systems has been affected by significant competitive challenges from traditional (i.e. sequencing) and evolving technologies.

Net sales of bioconsumables were down 3% or $0.1 million during the six months ended June 30, 2011 compared to 2010. The volume sold in the United States increased by $0.2 million which was offset by lower volumes in Europe of $0.3 million.
Costs of Goods Sold. Costs of goods sold include material costs for the products that we sell and substantially all other costs associated with our manufacturing facilities (primarily personnel costs, rent and depreciation). It also includes direct costs (primarily personnel costs, rent, supplies and depreciation) associated with our Laboratory Services operations. Cost of goods sold consisted of the following:

 Dollars in Thousands
 Six Months Ended  
 June 30, Change
 2011 2010 $     %
Laboratory Services:       
Molecular Clinical Reference Laboratory$3,023
 $957
 $2,066
 216 %
Pharmacogenomics Research Services750
 654
 96
 15 %
 3,773
 1,611
 2,162
 134 %
Instrument Related Business:       
Bioinstruments1,107
 1,956
 (849) (43)%
Bioconsumables1,526
 1,599
 (73) (5)%
 2,633
 3,555
 (922) (26)%
Costs of Goods Sold$6,406
 $5,166
 $1,240
 24 %
Gross profit was $8.7 million or 58% of total net sales during the six months ended June 30, 2011, compared to $5.4 million or 51% during the same period of 2010. During the six months ended June 30, 2011, the gross margin for the Laboratory Services was 56% as compared to 36% in the same period of 2010. The gross margin on the Clinical Reference Laboratory was 59% for the six months ended June 30, 2011 compared to 49% for the same period of 2010. The six months ended June 30, 2011 include the business acquired in the acquisition of the FAMILION family of genetic tests. Pharmacogenomics gross margin increased from negative 2% for the six months ended June 30, 2010 to 41% for the six months ended June 30, 2011. Pharmacogenomics has a relatively fixed cost base so the increase in revenue directly impacts margins. The bioinstrument margin increased from 57% in the six months ended June 30, 2010 to 65% in the same period of 2011. Margins on bioconsumables increased from 54% to 55% in 2011.
Selling, General and Administrative Expenses. Selling, general and administrative expenses primarily consist of personnel costs, marketing, travel and entertainment costs, professional fees, and facility costs. In addition, foreign currency revaluation is included here. Our selling, general and administrative costs increased from $5.5 million to $9.9 million during the six month period ended June 30, 2011 compared to the same period in 2010. The primary increase in our selling, general and administrative costs is due to the acquisition of the FAMILION family of genetic tests. In addition, we had $0.8 million in expense related to the vesting of the employee stock option grants. Foreign currency revaluation loss for the six months ended June 30, 2011 was $0.1 million compared to $0.5 million in revaluation loss for the six months ended June 30, 2010.
Research and Development Expenses. Research and development expenses primarily include personnel costs, legal fees, outside services, collaboration expenses, supplies, and facility costs and are expensed in the period in which they are incurred. During the six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010 these costs totaled $1.1 million and $1.3 million, respectively. Research and

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development expenses totaled 7% and 13% of net sales during the six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively. The decrease is due primarily to the consolidation of our research and development activities in Omaha, Nebraska which is offset by legal costs to defend a patent.
Other Income (Expense). Other income for the six months ended June 30, 2011 includes an award of a federal grant under the Qualifying Therapeutic Discovery Project of $0.2 million, net of consulting fees. The expense on preferred stock is due to the increase in fair value of the Preferred Stock conversion feature and warrants. This is a non-cash item.
Income Tax Expense (Benefit). Income tax benefit for the six months ended June 30, 2011 was a benefit of $0.1 million. This is the result of the change in deferred tax assets and liabilities reported in the financial statements of our subsidiary outside the U.S. This tax benefit is partially offset by tax expense related to state and franchise taxes as well as reserves for uncertain income taxes. We believe the tax benefit recorded will be offset in future periods by a tax expense, related to income reported in financial statements of our subsidiary outside the U.S. Income tax expense for the six months ended June 30, 2010 was less than $0.1 million.

Liquidity and Capital Resources
Our working capital positions at June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010 were as follows:
 
 Dollars in Thousands
 June 30,
2011
 
December 31,
2010

 Change
Current assets (including cash and cash equivalents of $2,639 and $3,454, respectively)$14,002
 $15,034
 $(1,032)
Current liabilities9,905
 8,253
 1,652
Working capital$4,097
 $6,781
 $(2,684)
The working capital decreased due to our payment obligations related to our notes payable and capital leases, lower accounts receivable and increased accrued liabilities.
We have historically operated at a loss and have not consistently generated sufficient cash from operating activities to cover our operating and other cash expenses. While we have been able to historically finance our operating losses through borrowings or from the issuance of additional equity, we currently have no plans to secure additional borrowings or to issue additional equity securities for this purpose. At June 30, 2011 we had cash and cash equivalents of $2.6 million. We believe that existing sources of liquidity are sufficient to meet expected cash needs during 2011, we will need to increase our net sales, and focus on the integration of the FAMILION acquisition to reduce our operating expenses in order to be assured of meeting our liquidity needs on a long-term basis. However, we cannot assure you that we will be able to increase our net sales or further reduce our expenses, or raise further capital or equity and, accordingly, we may not have sufficient sources of liquidity to continue our operations indefinitely. We continue to explore additional sources of liquidity.

Analysis of Cash Flows
Six Months Ended June 30, 2011 and 2010
Net Change in Cash and Cash Equivalents. Cash and cash equivalents decreased by $0.8 million during the six months ended June 30, 2011 compared to a decrease of $0.2 million during the six months ended June 30, 2010. During the six months ended June 30, 2011 we used cash in investing and financing activities which was offset by cash provided in operating activities and foreign currency exchange revaluation. In 2010, net cash used in operating activities was less than $0.1 million, $0.1 million was used in investing activities and $0.1 million impact of foreign currency exchange rates, which was offset by less than $0.1 million provided by financing activities.
Cash Flows Provided by Operating Activities. Cash flows provided by operating activities totaled $0.1 million during the six months ended June 30, 2011, compared to cash flows used in operating activities of less than $0.1 million during the same period of 2010. The cash flows provided by operating activities in 2011 include the net loss and decrease in accounts receivable, offset by the non-cash items which include revaluation of the preferred stock conversion feature and warrant liability, provision for losses on doubtful accounts and depreciation and amortization.
Cash Flows Used In Investing Activities. Cash flows used in investing activities totaled $0.4 million during the six months ended June 30, 2011 compared to cash flows used in investing activities of $0.1 million during the same period of 2010. Cash flows used in investing activities in 2011 include purchases of property and equipment of $0.2 million and additions to our patents

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of $0.2 million. Cash flows used in investing activities in 2010 consisted primarily of purchases of property and equipment.
Cash Flows Used in Financing Activities. Cash flows used in financing activities were $0.6 million for the six months ended June 30, 2011. Cash flows used in financing activities were for payments on debt and capital lease obligations offset by the issuance of common stock due to the exercise of stock options for 10,000 shares during the first quarter of 2011. Cash flows provided by financing activities were less than $0.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2010. This resulted from the issuance of common stock due to the exercise of stock options for 100,000 shares during the second quarter of 2010.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
At June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, we did not have any relationships with unconsolidated entities or financial partnerships, such as entities often referred to as structured finance or special purpose entities, which would have been established for the purpose of facilitating off-balance sheet arrangements or other contractually narrow or limited purposes.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
Accounting policies used in the preparation of the consolidated financial statements may involve the use of management judgments and estimates. Certain of our accounting policies are considered critical as they are both important to the portrayal of our financial statements and they require significant or complex judgments on the part of management. Our judgments and estimates are based on experience and assumptions that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances. Further, we evaluate our judgments and estimates from time to time as circumstances change. Actual financial results based on judgments or estimates may vary under different assumptions or circumstances. Our critical accounting policies are discussed in our annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2010.

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
Please refer to our annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2010. There have been no changes to those accounting pronouncements listed except as noted in note B to the financial statements contained in this report.

Impact of Inflation
We do not believe that price inflation or deflation had a material adverse effect on our financial condition or results of operations during the periods presented.

Item 4.Controls and Procedures
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures. Management performed, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, an evaluation of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) of the Exchange Act. Our disclosure controls and procedures are designed to provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed in the reports we file or submit under the Exchange Act are recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management including our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosures. Based on the evaluation, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer concluded that, as of June 30, 2011, Transgenomic’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective.
We have evaluated the changes in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the three months ended June 30, 2011 and concluded that there have not been any changes that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.


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PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
 
Item 1.Legal Proceedings
We are subject to a number of claims of various amounts which arise out of the normal course of our business. In our opinion, the disposition of pending claims will not have a material adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
 
Item 1A.Risk Factors
An investment in our common stock involves a number of risks. You should carefully consider each of the risks described in Item 1A of our annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2010 before deciding to invest in our common stock. If any of the risks actually occur, our business, financial condition or results of operations could be negatively affected, the market price of our common stock or other securities could decline and you may lose all or part of your investment.
Note Regarding Risk Factors
The risk factors presented above and in Item 1A of our annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2010 are all of the ones that we currently consider material. However, they are not the only ones facing our company. Additional risks not presently known to us, or which we currently consider immaterial, may also adversely affect us. There may be risks that a particular investor views differently from us, and our analysis might be wrong. If any of the risks that we face actually occur, our business, financial condition and operating results could be materially adversely affected and could differ materially from any possible results suggested by any forward-looking statements that we have made or might make. In such case, the trading price of our common stock could decline, and you could lose part or all of your investment. We expressly disclaim any obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law.


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Item 6.Exhibits

(a)Exhibits
3.1
  Third Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of the Registrant (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to Registrant’s Report on Form 10-Q (Registration No. 000-30975) filed on November 14, 2005)
   
3.2
  Amended and Restated Bylaws of the Registrant (incorporated by reference to Registrant’s Report on Form 8-K (Registration No. 000-30975) filed on May 25, 2007)
   
3.3
  Certificate of Designation of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock dated as of December 28, 2010 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to Registrant’s Report on Form 8-K (Registration No. 000-30975) filed on January 4, 2011)
   
4.1
  Form of Certificate of the Registrant’s Common Stock (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4 to Registration Statement on Form S-1 (Registration No. 333-32174) filed on March 10, 2000)
   
4.2
  Series A convertible Preferred Stock Purchase Agreement, dated December 29, 2010, by and among Transgenomic, Inc., Third Security Senior Staff 2008 LLC, Third Security Staff 2010 LLC, and Third Security Incentive 2010 LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to Registrant’s Report on Form 8-K (Registration No. 000-30975) filed on January 4, 2011)
   
4.3
  Form of Warrant (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.2 to Registrant’s Report on Form 8-K (Registration No. 000-30975) filed on January 4, 2011)
   
4.4
  Registration Rights Agreement, dated December 29, 2010, by and among Transgenomic, Inc., Third Security Senior Staff 2008 LLC, Third Security Staff 2010 LLC, and Third Security Incentive 2010 LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.3 to Registrant’s Report on Form 8-K (Registration No. 000-30975) filed on January 4, 2011)
   
4.5
  Secured Promissory Note, issued December 29, 2010 by Transgenomic, Inc. in favor of PGxHealth, LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.4 to Registrant’s Report on Form 8-K (Registration No. 000-30975) filed on January 4, 2011)
   
4.6
  Secured Promissory Note, issued December 29, 2010 by Transgenomic, Inc. in favor of PGxHealth, LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.5 to Registrant’s Report on Form 8-K (Registration No. 000-30975) filed on January 4, 2011)
   
10.1
  Sublease Agreement, dated December 29, 2010, by and between Transgenomic, Inc. and Clinical Data, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to Registrant’s Report on Form 8-K (Registration No. 000-30975) filed on January 4, 2011)
   
10.2
  Noncompetition and Nonsolicitation Agreement, dated December 29, 2010 by and among PGxHealth, LLC, Clinical Data, Inc. and Transgenomic, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to Registrant’s Report on Form 8-K (Registration No. 000-30975) filed on January 4, 2011)
   
10.3
  Security Agreement, dated December 29, 2010, by and between PGxHealth, LLC and Transgenomic, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.3 to Registrant’s Report on Form 8-K (Registration No. 000-30975) filed on January 4, 2011)
   
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  Certifications pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
   
32
  Certifications pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
   
101.INS XBRL Instance Document *
   
101.SCH XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document *
   
101.CAL XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document *
   
101.DEF XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document *
   
101.LAB XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document *
   
101.PRE XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document *
   
*
 
XBRL information is furnished and not filed for purposes of Sections 11 and 12 of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 18 of the Securities Act of 1934, and is not subject to liability under those sections, is not part of any registration statement or prospectus to which it relates and is not incorporated or deemed to be incorporated by reference into any registration statement, prospectus or other document.

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SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
    
  TRANSGENOMIC, INC.
    
Date:August 12, 2011By:
/S/ CRAIG J. TUTTLE
   
Craig J. Tuttle
President and Chief Executive Officer

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