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Precipio (PRPO)

Filed: 7 Aug 14, 8:00pm

 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 _______________________________
 FORM 10-Q
 _______________________________

(Mark One)
xQUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2014
OR 
oTRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 For the transition period from _____ to _____
Commission File Number: 000-30975
 _______________________________
TRANSGENOMIC, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 _______________________________

Delaware 91-1789357
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
   
12325 Emmet Street, Omaha, Nebraska 68164
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
(402) 452-5400
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 _______________________________
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes   x No   o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).   Yes   x No   o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer oAccelerated filer o
Non-accelerated filer 
o  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company x
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes   o    No   x
As of August 5, 2014, the number of shares of common stock outstanding was 7,353,695.



TRANSGENOMIC, INC.
INDEX
 

2


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION 
Item 1.Financial Statements
TRANSGENOMIC, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)
 June 30,  
 2014 December 31,
 (unaudited) 2013
ASSETS   
CURRENT ASSETS:   
Cash and cash equivalents$1,191
 $1,626
Accounts receivable, net7,298
 5,314
Inventories, net4,009
 3,957
Other current assets879
 938
Total current assets13,377
 11,835
PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT:   
Equipment11,376
 11,255
Furniture, fixtures & leasehold improvements3,876
 3,874
 15,252
 15,129
Less: accumulated depreciation(13,416) (13,126)
 1,836
 2,003
OTHER ASSETS:   
Goodwill6,918
 6,918
Intangibles, net8,665
 9,195
Other assets295
 327
 $31,091
 $30,278
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY   
CURRENT LIABILITIES:   
Current maturities of long-term debt$691
 $242
Accounts payable3,537
 2,860
Accrued compensation1,213
 1,330
Accrued expenses2,040
 2,037
Deferred revenue1,212
 1,088
Other liabilities1,068
 1,068
Total current liabilities9,761
 8,625
LONG TERM LIABILITIES:   
Long-term debt, less current maturities6,211
 6,318
Common stock warrant liability350
 600
Accrued preferred stock dividend2,521
 1,986
Other long-term liabilities1,897
 1,303
Total liabilities20,740
 18,832
STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY:   
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value, 15,000,000 shares authorized, 4,029,502 and 2,586,205 shares issued and outstanding, respectively40
 26
Common stock, $0.01 par value, 150,000,000 shares authorized, 7,353,695 and 7,353,695 shares issued and outstanding, respectively (1)73
 73
Additional paid-in capital (1)186,920
 179,459
Accumulated other comprehensive income424
 390
Accumulated deficit(177,106) (168,502)
Total stockholders’ equity10,351
 11,446
 $31,091
 $30,278
(1) The shares of common stock and additional paid-in capital for all periods presented reflect the one-for-twelve reverse stock split that took effect on January 27, 2014.
See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

3


TRANSGENOMIC, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)
 
 Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
 June 30, June 30,
 2014 2013 2014 2013
NET SALES$6,764
 $7,306
 $13,015
 $14,680
COST OF GOODS SOLD:4,371
 4,333
 8,128
 8,452
Gross profit2,393
 2,973
 4,887
 6,228
OPERATING EXPENSES:       
Selling, general and administrative5,563
 4,982
 10,851
 11,294
Research and development785
 913
 1,530
 1,677
 6,348
 5,895
 12,381
 12,971
LOSS FROM OPERATIONS(3,955) (2,922) (7,494) (6,743)
OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE):       
Interest expense, net(146) (151) (328) (304)
Warrant revaluation200
 200
 250
 600
Other, net
 
 
 53
 54
 49
 (78) 349
LOSS BEFORE INCOME TAXES(3,901) (2,873) (7,572) (6,394)
INCOME TAX (BENEFIT) EXPENSE(8) (6) 497
 60
NET LOSS$(3,893) $(2,867) $(8,069) $(6,454)
PREFERRED STOCK DIVIDENDS(305) (181) (535) (362)
NET LOSS AVAILABLE TO COMMON STOCKHOLDERS$(4,198) $(3,048) $(8,604) $(6,816)
BASIC AND DILUTED LOSS PER COMMON SHARE (1)$(0.57) $(0.41) $(1.17) $(0.95)
BASIC AND DILUTED WEIGHTED-AVERAGE SHARES OF COMMON STOCK OUTSTANDING (1)7,353,695
 7,353,810
 7,353,695
 7,178,028
(1) Net loss per share and the number of shares used in the per share calculations for all periods presented reflect the one-for-twelve reverse stock split that took effect on January 27, 2014.

See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.


4


TRANSGENOMIC, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
(Dollars in thousands)

 Three Months Ended 
 June 30,
 Six Months Ended 
 June 30,
 2014 2013 2014 2013
Net Loss$(3,893) $(2,867) $(8,069) $(6,454)
Other comprehensive income (loss) - foreign currency translation adjustment22
 
 34
 (173)
Comprehensive Loss$(3,871) $(2,867) $(8,035) $(6,627)
        

 See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.



5


TRANSGENOMIC, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Six Months Ended 
 June 30, 2014
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)
 


 Preferred Stock
Common Stock (1)
 
 
 
 
 Outstanding
Shares

Par
Value

Outstanding
Shares

Par
Value

Additional
Paid-in
Capital (1)

Accumulated
Deficit

Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income

Total
Balance, January 1, 20132,586,205
 $26
 5,970,478
 $64
 $171,538
 $(151,789) $435
 $20,274
Net loss
 
 
 
 
 (15,987) 
 (15,987)
Foreign currency translation adjustment, net of tax
 
 
 
 
 
 (45) (45)
Stock-based compensation
 
 
 
 360
 
 
 360
Private placement, net
 
 1,383,217
 14
 7,556
 
 
 7,570
Other
 
 
 (5) 5
 
 
 
Dividends on preferred stock
 
 
 
 
 (726) 
 (726)
Balance, December 31, 20132,586,205
 $26
 7,353,695

$73

$179,459

$(168,502)
$390

$11,446
Net loss









(8,069)


(8,069)
Foreign currency translation adjustment, net of tax











34

34
Stock-based compensation







570





570
Preferred stock agreement1,443,297
 14
 
 
 6,891
 
 
 6,905
Dividends on preferred stock









(535)


(535)
Balance, June 30, 20144,029,502

$40

7,353,695

$73

$186,920

$(177,106)
$424

$10,351
(1) The common stock shares and additional paid-in capital for all periods presented reflect the one-for-twelve reverse stock split that took effect on January 27, 2014.
See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.


6


TRANSGENOMIC, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Dollars in thousands) 
 Six Months Ended 
 June 30,
 2014 2013
CASH FLOWS USED IN OPERATING ACTIVITIES:   
Net loss$(8,069) $(6,454)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash flows used in operating activities:   
Depreciation and amortization981
 1,431
Stock-based compensation637
 162
Provision for losses on doubtful accounts1,523
 2,197
Provision for losses on inventory obsolescence55
 
Warrant revaluation(250) (600)
Loss on sale of fixed assets
 9
Gain on foreign currency settlement
 (62)
Deferred interest145
 
Deferred tax provision550
 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:   
Accounts receivable(3,479) (2,225)
Inventories(88) 576
Other current assets5
 (67)
Accounts payable667
 (287)
Accrued expenses and other liabilities66
 (367)
Net cash flows used in operating activities(7,257) (5,687)
CASH FLOWS USED IN INVESTING ACTIVITIES:   
Purchases of property and equipment(110) (355)
Acquisition
 (849)
Other assets(62) (157)
Net cash flows used in investing activities(172) (1,361)
CASH FLOWS PROVIDED BY (USED IN) FINANCING ACTIVITIES:   
Principal payments on capital lease obligations(82) (176)
Issuance of preferred stock, net6,906
 
Issuance of common stock, net
 7,570
Payment of deferred financing costs
 (238)
Proceeds from borrowings4,440
 8,000
Principal payment on note payable(4,283) (6,171)
Net cash flows provided by financing activities6,981
 8,985
EFFECT OF FOREIGN CURRENCY EXCHANGE RATE CHANGES ON CASH13
 (46)
NET CHANGE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS(435) 1,891
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT BEGINNING OF PERIOD1,626
 4,497
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT END OF PERIOD$1,191
 $6,388
SUPPLEMENTAL CASH FLOW INFORMATION   
Cash paid during the period for:   
Interest$147
 $460
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF NON-CASH INFORMATION   
Dividends accrued on preferred stock$535
 $363
Deferred financing costs in accounts payable
 25
See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

7



TRANSGENOMIC, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2014 and 2013

1. BUSINESS DESCRIPTION
Business Description.
Transgenomic, Inc. is a global biotechnology company advancing personalized medicine in the detection and treatment of cancer and inherited diseases through its proprietary molecular technologies and world-class clinical and research services. Our operations are organized and reviewed by management along our product lines and presented in the following two complementary business segments:
Laboratory Services. Our laboratories specialize in genetic testing for cardiology, neurology, mitochondrial disorders and oncology. Our Patient Testing laboratories located in New Haven, Connecticut and Omaha, Nebraska are certified under the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendment as high complexity labs and our Omaha facility is also accredited by the College of American Pathologists. Our Biomarker Identification laboratory located in Omaha, Nebraska also provides pharmacogenomics research services supporting Phase II and Phase III clinical trials conducted by pharmaceutical companies. Our laboratories employ a variety of genomic testing service technologies, including ICE COLD-PCR technology. ICE COLD-PCR is a proprietary platform technology that can be run in any laboratory with standard PCR technology and that enables detection of multiple unknown mutations from virtually any sample type including tissue biopsies, blood, cell-free DNA (“cfDNA”) and circulating tumor cells at levels greater than 1,000-fold higher than standard DNA sequencing techniques.
Genetic Assays and Platforms. Our proprietary product is the WAVE® System, which has broad applicability to genetic variation detection in both molecular genetic research and molecular diagnostics. We also distribute bioinstruments produced by other manufacturers (“OEM Equipment”) through our sales and distribution network. Service contracts to maintain installed systems are sold and supported by our technical support personnel. The installed WAVE base and some OEM Equipment platforms generate a demand for consumables that are required for the continued operation of the bioinstruments. We develop, manufacture and sell these consumable products. In addition, we manufacture and sell consumable products that can be used on multiple, independent platforms. These products include a range of chromatography columns.

2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Basis of Presentation.
The condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2013 was derived from our audited balance sheet as of that date. The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements as of and for the three and six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013 are unaudited and reflect all adjustments (consisting of only normal recurring adjustments) that are, in the opinion of management, necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position and operating results for the interim periods. These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and notes should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto for the year ended December 31, 2013 contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 27, 2014. The results of operations for the interim periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the results for the entire year.
Following approval of our stockholders, on January 15, 2014, our Board of Directors approved a reverse split of our common stock, par value $0.01, at a ratio of one-for-twelve. This reverse stock split became effective on January 27, 2014 and, unless otherwise indicated, all share amounts, per share data, share prices, exercise prices and conversion rates set forth in these notes and the accompanying consolidated financial statements have, where applicable, been adjusted retroactively to reflect this reverse stock split.
Principles of Consolidation.
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Transgenomic, Inc. and our wholly owned subsidiary. All inter-company balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
Risks and Uncertainties.

8

TRANSGENOMIC, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2014 and 2013


Certain risks and uncertainties are inherent in our day-to-day operations and in the process of preparing our financial statements. The more significant of those risks are presented below and throughout the notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
Use of Estimates.
The preparation of condensed consolidated financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of net sales and expenses during the reporting period. In addition, estimates and assumptions associated with the determination of the fair value of certain assets and related impairments require considerable judgment by management. Actual results could differ from the estimates and assumptions used in preparing these consolidated financial statements.
Reclassifications.
Certain prior period amounts of selling, general and administrative expenses have been reclassified to cost of goods sold in order to conform to the current period presentation. These reclassifications had no effect on previously reported net earnings.
Fair Value.
Unless otherwise specified, book value approximates fair market value. The common stock warrant liability is recorded at fair value. See Note 9 - “Fair Value” to the notes to our accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for additional information.
Cash and Cash Equivalents.
Cash and cash equivalents include cash and investments with original maturities at the date of acquisition of three months or less.
Concentrations of Cash.
From time to time, we may maintain a cash position with financial institutions in amounts that exceed federally insured limits. We have not experienced any losses on such accounts as of June 30, 2014.
Accounts Receivable.
The following is a summary of activity for the allowance for doubtful accounts during the three and six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013: 
 Dollars in Thousands
 
Beginning
Balance
 Provision Write-Offs 
Ending
Balance
Three Months Ended June 30, 2014$3,540
 $850
 $(349) $4,041
Three Months Ended June 30, 2013$2,549
 $608
 $(795) $2,362
Six Months Ended June 30, 2014$3,838
 $1,523
 $(1,320) $4,041
Six Months Ended June 30, 2013$2,171
 $2,197
 $(2,006) $2,362
While payment terms are generally 30 days, we have also provided extended payment terms in certain cases. In addition, we operate globally and the payment terms for some of our international customers may be greater than 90 days. Accounts receivable are carried at original invoice amount and shown net of allowance for doubtful accounts and contractual allowances. The estimate made for doubtful accounts is based on a review of all outstanding amounts on a quarterly basis. We determine the allowance for doubtful accounts by assigning a consistent reserve percentage to each accounts receivable aging category and contractual allowances by regularly evaluating individual customer payment history. Accounts receivable are written off when deemed uncollectible and all collection efforts have been exhausted. During the six months ended June 30, 2014, in accordance with our stated policy, we wrote-off approximately $1.3 million of accounts receivable, related to services rendered in prior year periods, determined to be uncollectible.
Inventories.

9

TRANSGENOMIC, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2014 and 2013


Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market net of allowance for obsolete inventory. Cost is computed using standard costs for finished goods and average or latest actual cost for raw materials and work in process, which approximates the first-in, first-out (FIFO) method.
 
The following is a summary of activity for the allowance for obsolete inventory during the three and six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013: 

 Dollars in Thousands
 
Beginning
Balance
 Provision Write-Offs 
Ending
Balance
Three Months Ended June 30, 2014$849
 $
 $(6) $843
Three Months Ended June 30, 2013$611
 $
 $(18) $593
Six Months Ended June 30, 2014$799
 $55
 $(11) $843
Six Months Ended June 30, 2013$616
 $
 $(23) $593
We determine the allowance for obsolescence by evaluating inventory quarterly for items deemed to be slow moving or obsolete.
Property and Equipment.
Property and equipment are carried at cost less accumulated depreciation. Depreciation is computed using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the related assets as follows:
 
Leasehold improvements1 to 10 years
Furniture and fixtures3 to 7 years
Production equipment3 to 7 years
Computer equipment3 to 7 years
Research and development equipment2 to 7 years
Depreciation expense related to property and equipment was $0.1 million and $0.2 million for the three months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively. Included in depreciation for each of the three months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013 was $0.1 million related to equipment acquired under capital leases. Depreciation expense related to property and equipment was $0.2 million and $0.3 million for the six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively. Included in depreciation for each of the six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013 was $0.1 million related to equipment acquired under capital leases.
Goodwill.
Goodwill is tested for impairment annually. We perform this impairment analysis during the fourth quarter of each year or when a significant event occurs that may impact goodwill. Impairment occurs when the carrying value is determined to be not recoverable, thereby causing the carrying value of the goodwill to exceed its fair value. If impaired, the asset’s carrying value is reduced to its fair value. No events have transpired in the six months ended June 30, 2014 that would require an impairment analysis prior to our scheduled review.
Stock-Based Compensation.
All stock-based awards to date have exercise prices equal to the market price of our common stock on the date of grant and have ten-year contractual terms. Unvested options as of June 30, 2014 had vesting periods of one or three years from the date of grant. None of the stock options outstanding at June 30, 2014 are subject to performance or market-based vesting conditions.
We measure and recognize compensation expense for all stock-based awards made to employees and directors. Compensation expense is based on the calculated fair value of the awards as measured at the grant date and is expensed over the service period of the awards.
During the six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, we recorded compensation expense of $0.6 million and $0.2 million, respectively, within selling, general and administrative expense. As of June 30, 2014, the unrecognized compensation expense

10

TRANSGENOMIC, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2014 and 2013


related to unvested stock awards, net of estimated forfeitures, was $1.4 million, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 1.5 years.
We granted 15,499 stock options during the quarter ended June 30, 2014. The fair value of the options granted was estimated on the grant date using the Black-Scholes option pricing model with the following assumptions: risk-free interest rates of 1.74% based on the U.S. Treasury yield in effect at the time of grant; dividend yields of zero percent; expected lives of 4.38 years, based on expected exercise activity behavior; and volatility of 83% based on the historical volatility of our common stock over a time that is consistent with the expected life of the option.
Included in the stock awards outstanding as of June 30, 2014 were stock appreciation rights with respect to 83,333 and 55,000 shares of common stock granted to our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, respectively. These rights will vest over three years from the date of grant and have an exercise price of $4.32 per share, which is equal to the fair value of one share of our common stock on the date of grant, which was September 30, 2013.
Net Sales Recognition.
Revenue is realized and earned when all of the following criteria are met:
Persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists;
Delivery has occurred or services have been rendered;
The seller’s price to the buyer is fixed or determinable; and
Collectability is reasonably assured.

For our Laboratory Services segment, net sales from Patient Testing labs are recognized on an individual test basis and take place when the test report is completed, reviewed and sent to the client less the reserve for insurance, Medicare and Medicaid contractual adjustments. There are no deferred net sales associated with our Patient Testing services. Adjustments to the allowances, based on actual receipts from third party payors, are reflected in the estimated contractual allowance applied prospectively. In our Biomarker Identification labs, we perform services on a project by project basis. When we receive payment in advance, we recognize revenue when we deliver the service. These projects typically do not extend beyond one year. At June 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, deferred net sales associated with pharmacogenomics research projects, included in the balance sheet in deferred revenue was $0.3 million and $0.2 million, respectively.
Net sales of products in our Genetic Assays and Platforms segment are recognized in accordance with the terms of the sales arrangement. Such recognition is based on receipt of an unconditional customer order and transfer of title and risk of ownership to the customer, typically upon shipment of the product under a purchase order. Our sales terms do not provide for the right of return unless the product is damaged or defective. Net sales from certain services associated with the analytical instruments, to be performed subsequent to shipment of the products, is deferred and recognized when the services are provided. Such services, mainly limited to installation and training services that are not essential to the functionality of the instruments, typically are performed in a timely manner subsequent to shipment of the instrument. We also enter into various service contracts that cover installed instruments. These contracts cover specific time periods, and net sales associated with these contracts are deferred and recognized ratably over the service period. At each of June 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, deferred net revenue associated with our service contracts was $0.9 million and was included in the balance sheet in deferred revenue.
Common Stock Warrants.
Certain of our issued and outstanding warrants to purchase common stock do not qualify to be treated as equity and, accordingly, are recorded as a liability (“Common Stock Warrant Liability”). The Common Stock Warrant Liability was initially recorded at fair value using a Monte Carlo simulation model. We are required to present these instruments at fair value at each reporting date and any changes in fair values are recorded as an adjustment to earnings. The Common Stock Warrant Liability is considered a Level Three financial instrument for purposes of fair value measurement. See Note 9 - “Fair Value” to the notes to our accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for additional information.
Translation of Foreign Currency.
Our foreign subsidiary uses the British Pound Sterling, which is the local currency of the country in which it is located, as its functional currency. Its assets and liabilities are translated into U.S. Dollars at the exchange rates in effect at the balance sheet date. A cumulative translation gain of $0.03 million was reported as other comprehensive income on the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated statement of comprehensive loss for the six months ended June 30, 2014. A cumulative translation loss of $0.2 million was reported as accumulated other comprehensive income for the six months ended June 30, 2013. Revenues and

11

TRANSGENOMIC, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2014 and 2013


expenses are translated at the average rates during the period. For transactions that are not denominated in the functional currency, we recognized less than $0.1 million as foreign currency transaction expense in the determination of net loss for the six months ended June 30, 2014 and less than $0.1 million as foreign currency transaction income in the determination of net loss for the six months ended June 30, 2013.
Loss Per Share.
Basic loss per share is calculated based on the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during each period. Diluted loss per share includes shares issuable upon exercise of outstanding stock options, warrants or conversion rights that have exercise or conversion prices below the market value of our common stock. Options, warrants and conversion rights pertaining to 5,510,255 and 3,334,055 shares of our common stock have been excluded from the computation of diluted loss per share at June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively. The options, warrants and conversion rights that were exercisable during the three and six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013 were not included because the effect would be anti-dilutive due to the net loss.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements.

In April 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2014-08, Presentation of Financial Statements (Topic 205) and Property, Plant, and Equipment (Topic 360): Reporting Discontinued Operations and Disclosures of Disposals of Components of an Entity, which changes the criteria for reporting a discontinued operation. Under this standard, a disposal of part of an organization that has a major effect on its operations and financial results is a discontinued operation. This guidance is effective prospectively for us beginning January 1, 2015 with earlier application permitted, but only for disposals (or classifications as held for sale) that have not been reported previously. When adopted, we do not expect that this guidance will have a material impact on our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.
In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09 “Revenue from Contracts with Customers”. The guidance requires an entity to recognize the amount of revenue to which it expects to be entitled for the transfer of promised goods or services to a customer. The ASU will replace most existing revenue recognition guidance in generally accepted accounting principles in the U.S. when it becomes effective on January 1, 2017. Early application is not permitted, but the standard permits the use of either the retrospective or cumulative effect transition method. We have not selected a transition method and are currently evaluating the impact this guidance will have on our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.


3. INVENTORIES
Inventories (net of allowance for obsolescence) consisted of the following:
 
 Dollars in Thousands
 June 30,
2014
 December 31,
2013
Finished goods$2,967
 $2,978
Raw materials and work in process1,663
 1,567
Demonstration inventory222
 211
 $4,852
 $4,756
Less allowance for obsolescence(843) (799)
Total$4,009
 $3,957



12

TRANSGENOMIC, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2014 and 2013


4. INTANGIBLES AND OTHER ASSETS
Long-lived intangible assets and other assets consisted of the following:
 
 Dollars in Thousands
 June 30, 2014 December 31, 2013
 Cost 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net Book
Value
 Cost 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net Book
Value
Intangibles—technology$9,009
 $3,586
 $5,423
 $9,009
 $3,175
 $5,834
Intangibles—assay royalties1,434
 717
 717
 1,434
 614
 820
Intangibles—third party payor relationships367
 86
 281
 367
 73
 294
Intangibles—tradenames and trademarks824
 292
 532
 824
 233
 591
Intangibles—customer relationships652
 76
 576
 652
 54
 598
Intangibles—covenants not to compete184
 107
 77
 184
 77
 107
Patents1,216
 372
 844
 1,153
 336
 817
Intellectual property266
 51
 215
 170
 36
 134
 $13,952
 $5,287
 $8,665
 $13,793
 $4,598
 $9,195
 
  
 Estimated Useful Life
Technology7-10 years
Assay royalties7 years
Third party payor relationships15 years
Tradenames and trademarks7 years
Customer relationships15 years
Covenants not to compete3 years
PatentsLife of the patent
Intellectual property7 years
Other assets include U.S. security deposits and deferred tax assets, net of applicable valuation allowances.
Amortization expense for intangible assets was $0.3 million and $0.5 million during the three months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively. Amortization expense for intangible assets was $0.7 million and $0.9 million during the six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively. Amortization expense for intangible assets is expected to be $1.4 million, $1.4 million, $1.3 million, $1.3 million and $1.0 million for the years ending December 31, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017 and 2018, respectively.

Based on the length of time our technology is expected to be used and an evaluation of the lives of similar technology in the industry, effective January 1, 2014, we increased the estimated useful lives of certain technologies acquired in 2010 and 2012 from 7 years to 10 years, which decreased loss from operations by $0.1 million and net loss by $0.1 million, or $0.01 per basic and diluted share, for the three months ended June 30, 2014.

5.         DEBT
  Dollars in Thousands
  June 30, 2014 December 31, 2013
Revolving Line of Credit(1)
 $3,000
 $2,560
Term Loan(2)
 3,902
 4,000
Total debt, including short-term debt 6,902
 6,560
Current maturities of long-term debt (691) (242)
Long-term debt, net of current maturities $6,211
 $6,318

13

TRANSGENOMIC, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2014 and 2013


 
On March 13, 2013 (the “Effective Date”), we entered into a Loan and Security Agreement with affiliates of Third Security, LLC (the “Lenders”) for (a) a revolving line of credit (the “Revolving Line”) with borrowing availability of up to $4.0 million, subject to reduction based on our eligible accounts receivable, and (b) a term loan (the “Term Loan”) of $4.0 million (the “Loan Agreement”). Proceeds were used to pay off a three year senior secured promissory note payable to PGxHealth, LLC, which was entered into on December 29, 2010 in conjunction with our acquisition of the FAMILION family of genetic tests, and for general corporate and working capital purposes.
On August 2, 2013, we entered into an amendment to the Loan Agreement (the “Amendment”). The Amendment, which became effective as of June 30, 2013, reduced our future minimum revenue covenants under the Loan Agreement and modifies the interest rates applicable to the amounts advanced under the Revolving Line.

On November 14, 2013, we entered into a second amendment to the Loan Agreement (the “Second Amendment”). The Second Amendment, which became effective as of October 31, 2013, reduced our future minimum revenue covenants under the Loan Agreement.

On January 27, 2014, we entered into a third amendment to the Loan Agreement (the “Third Amendment”). Pursuant to the Third Amendment, the Lenders agreed to waive certain events of default under the Loan Agreement, and the parties amended certain provisions of the Loan Agreement, including the minimum liquidity ratio that we must maintain during the term of the Loan Agreement.

On March 3, 2014, we entered into a fourth amendment to the Loan Agreement (the “Fourth Amendment”). The Fourth Amendment provides that we will not be required to make any principal or interest payments under the Term Loan for the period from March 1, 2014 through March 31, 2015. Accordingly, pursuant to the Loan Agreement as amended by the Fourth Amendment, the next principal and interest payment under the Term Loan will be due on April 1, 2015. The interest on the debt that is being deferred, and not paid, is being capitalized as part of the Term Loan. As of June 30, 2014, the amount of interest that has been capitalized is $0.1 million.
 
(1)
Revolving Line of Credit. Amounts advanced under the Revolving Line bear interest at an annual rate equal to the greater of (a) 4.25% or (b) the Wall Street Journal prime rate plus 1%. Interest is payable on a monthly basis, with the balance payable at the maturity of the Revolving Line. Under the Amendment, amounts advanced under the Revolving Line bear interest at an annual rate equal to the greater of (x) 6.25% or (y) the Wall Street Journal prime rate plus 3%. The current interest rate is 6.25%. Under the Loan Agreement, we paid the Lenders an upfront fee of $20,000, and will pay the Lenders an additional commitment fee of $20,000 on each one year anniversary of the Effective Date during the term of the Revolving Line. In addition, a fee of 0.5% per annum is payable quarterly on the unused portion of the Revolving Line. The Revolving Line matures on September 1, 2016.

(2)
Term Loan. We received $4.0 million under the Term Loan on the Effective Date. Pursuant to the terms of the Loan Agreement, as amended by the Fourth Amendment, we are required to make monthly payments of principal and interest to the Lenders commencing on April 1, 2015. The current interest rate is 9.1%.

We paid the Lenders an upfront fee of $40,000 for the Term Loan, and will pay the Lenders an additional final payment of $120,000 at maturity or prepayment of the Term Loan. In addition, if we repay the Term Loan prior to maturity, we will pay the Lenders a prepayment penalty of 5% of the total outstanding balance under the Term Loan if the prepayment occurs within one year after the Effective Date, 2.5% of the total outstanding balance under the Term Loan if the prepayment occurs between one and two years after the Effective Date, and 1% of the total outstanding balance under the Term Loan if the prepayment occurs thereafter.

Additional Terms
The Loan Agreement contains affirmative and negative covenants. Under the Term Loan, we are required to maintain a minimum liquidity ratio and achieve a minimum amount of revenue, and we also agreed not to (i) pledge or otherwise encumber our assets other than to the Lenders, (ii) enter into additional borrowings or guarantees, (iii) repurchase our capital stock, or (iv) enter into certain mergers or acquisitions without the Lenders’ consent. Additionally, the Loan Agreement contains a subjective acceleration clause at the discretion of the Lenders. As of June 30, 2014, we were in compliance with all financial covenants.


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TRANSGENOMIC, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2014 and 2013


To secure the repayment of any amounts borrowed under the Revolving Line and the Term Loan, we granted the Lenders a security interest in all of our assets. The occurrence of an event of default under the Loan Agreement could result in the acceleration of our obligations under the Loan Agreement and would increase the applicable interest rate under the Revolving Line or Term Loan (or both) by 5%, and permit the Lenders to exercise remedies with respect to the collateral under the Loan Agreement.

6. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
From time to time we are subject to claims of various amounts, which arise out of the normal course of business. In the opinion of management, the disposition of pending claims will not have a material adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
We lease certain equipment, vehicles and operating facilities under non-cancellable operating leases that expire on various dates through 2022. The future minimum lease payments required under these leases are approximately $0.6 million for the remainder of 2014, $1.0 million in 2015, $0.9 million in 2016, $0.8 million in 2017, $0.5 million in 2018 and $0.9 million thereafter. Rent expense for the six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013 was $0.5 million and $0.6 million, respectively. At June 30, 2014, firm commitments to vendors totaled $1.3 million.

7. INCOME TAXES
We file income tax returns in the U.S. federal jurisdiction, various U.S. state jurisdictions and various foreign jurisdictions. We have statutes of limitation open for federal income tax returns related to tax years 2010 through 2013. We have state income tax returns subject to examination primarily for tax years 2010 through 2013. Open tax years related to foreign jurisdictions, primarily the United Kingdom, remain subject to examination for tax years 2010 through 2013.
Income tax expense for the six months ended June 30, 2014 was $0.5 million. Income tax expense for the six months ended June 30, 2013 was $0.1 million. Our effective tax rate for the six months ended June 30, 2014 was 6.57%, which is primarily the result of valuation allowances against the net operating losses for the U.S., which results in us not recording net deferred tax assets in the U.S.
Our goodwill is an indefinite-lived asset which is not amortized for financial reporting purposes. However, goodwill is tax deductible and therefore amortized for tax purposes. As such, deferred income tax expense and a deferred tax liability arise as a result of the tax-deductibility of the goodwill. The resulting deferred tax liability, which is expected to increase over time, will have an indefinite life, resulting in what is referred to as a “naked tax credit.” This deferred tax liability could remain on our balance sheet indefinitely unless there is an impairment of the goodwill (for financial reporting purposes), or there is a disposal of the business to which the goodwill relates. During the six months ended June 30, 2014, the amount of income tax expense related to the tax amortization of goodwill was $0.5 million. Of this amount, $0.4 million related to prior periods.
During each of the three and six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, there were no material changes to the liability for uncertain tax positions.

8. STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Common Stock.

Pursuant to our Third Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation as amended, we currently have 150,000,000 shares of common stock authorized for issuance.
On February 2, 2012, we entered into definitive agreements with institutional and other accredited investors and raised approximately $22.0 million in a private placement financing (the “Private Placement”), which included an aggregate of $3.0 million in convertible notes issued in December 2011 to entities affiliated with Third Security, LLC, a related party, that automatically converted into shares of our common stock and warrants to purchase such common stock on the same terms as all investors in the Private Placement. Pursuant to the purchase agreement, we issued an aggregate of 1,583,333 shares of our common stock at a price per share of $12.00, as well as five-year warrants to purchase up to an aggregate of 823,333 shares of our common stock with an exercise price of $15.00 per share. In connection with the conversion of the convertible notes issued by us to the entities associated with Third Security, LLC, the entities received an aggregate of 250,000 shares of our common stock and 125,000 warrants on the same terms as all investors in the Private Placement. Craig-Hallum Capital Group LLC served as the sole placement agent for the offering. In consideration for services rendered as the placement agent in the offering, we agreed to (i) pay to the

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TRANSGENOMIC, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2014 and 2013


placement agent cash commissions equal to $1,330,000, or 7.0% of the gross proceeds received in the offering; (ii) issue to the placement agent a five-year warrant to purchase up to 31,666 shares of our common stock (representing 2% of the shares sold in the Private Placement) with an exercise price of $15.00 per share and other terms that are the same as the terms of the warrants issued in the Private Placement; and (iii) reimburse the placement agent for reasonable out-of-pocket expenses, including fees paid to the placement agent’s legal counsel, incurred in connection with the offering, which reimbursable expenses shall not exceed $125,000. The costs incurred to complete the Private Placement were recorded as a reduction in equity in the amount of $1.5 million. Net proceeds from this offering were used for general corporate and working capital purposes, primarily to accelerate development of several of our key initiatives.
On January 24, 2013, we entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement with certain institutional and other accredited investors pursuant to which we: (i) sold to the investors an aggregate of 1,383,333 shares of our common stock at a price per share of $6.00 for aggregate gross proceeds of approximately $8.3 million; and (ii) issued to the investors warrants to purchase up to an aggregate of 691,656 shares of our common stock with an exercise price of $9.00 per share (the “Offering”). The warrants may be exercised, in whole or in part, at any time from January 30, 2013 until January 30, 2018 and contain both cash and “cashless exercise” features. Affiliates of Third Security, LLC, a related party, purchased an aggregate of 500,000 shares of common stock and warrants to purchase an aggregate of 250,000 shares of common stock in the Offering on the same terms as the other investors. We are using the net proceeds from the Offering for general corporate and working capital purposes, primarily to accelerate development of several of our key initiatives.
In connection with the Offering, we entered into a registration rights agreement with the investors (the “Registration Rights Agreement”). The Registration Rights Agreement required that we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission a registration statement to register for resale the shares of common stock sold and the shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of the warrants (the “Warrant Shares”) by March 16, 2013. The registration statement was filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 15, 2013 and was declared effective by the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 29, 2013.
The Offering required the repricing and issuance of additional common stock warrants to the holders of warrants issued in the February 2012 common stock and warrant sale. The exercise price of the warrants decreased from $15.00 per share to $12.96 per share and the number of shares issuable upon exercise of the warrants increased from 948,333 to 1,097,600.
Common Stock Warrants.
During the six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, we issued warrants to purchase 115,065 and 691,656 shares of common stock, respectively. None of the issued warrants were exercised during such periods. The warrants issued in 2014 were issued due to repricing requirements contained in the warrants issued in the private placement in 2013. The warrants issued in 2013 were issued in connection with the sales of common stock on January 24, 2013. Warrants to purchase an aggregate of 2,335,348 shares of common stock were outstanding at June 30, 2014.
 
Warrant Holder Issue Year Expiration 
Underlying
Shares
 
Exercise
Price
Affiliates of Third Security, LLC(1)
 2010 December 2015 431,027 $6.96
Various Institutional Holders(2)
 2012 February 2017 1,052,820 $11.73
Affiliates of Third Security, LLC(2)
 2012 February 2017 159,845 $11.73
Various Institutional Holders(3)
 2013 January 2018 441,656 $9.00
Affiliates of Third Security, LLC(3)
 2013 January 2018 250,000 $9.00
      2,335,348  
(1)This warrant was issued in connection with the issuance of warrants to purchase shares of our Series A Preferred Stock to affiliates of Third Security, LLC in December 2010. The number of underlying shares shown reflects the number of shares of common stock issuable upon conversion of the shares of Series A Preferred Stock for which this warrant is currently exercisable.
(2)These warrants were issued in connection with the Private Placement completed in February 2012 and are classified as a liability in our financial statements. See Footnote 9 - Fair Value. These warrants also contain certain anti-dilution provisions that provide for an adjustment to the exercise price and number of shares issuable upon exercise of the warrant in the event that we engage in certain issuances of shares of our common stock at a price lower than the exercise price of the warrant.

16

TRANSGENOMIC, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2014 and 2013


(3)These warrants were issued in connection with the Offering, which was completed in January 2013.
Issuance of Series B Preferred Stock

On March 5, 2014, we entered into a Series B Convertible Preferred Stock Purchase Agreement (the “Series B Purchase Agreement”) with affiliates of Third Security, LLC (the “2014 Third Security Investors”), pursuant to which we, in a private placement, sold and issued an aggregate of 1,443,297 shares of our Series B Preferred Stock, par value $0.01 per share (the “Series B Preferred Stock”) at a price per share of $4.85 for an aggregate purchase price of approximately $7.0 million. Each share of Series B Preferred Stock issued pursuant to the Series B Purchase Agreement is initially convertible into shares of our common stock at a rate of 1-for-1, which conversion rate is subject to further adjustment as set forth in the Certificate of Designation of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock.

In connection with the Series B financing, we also entered into a Registration Rights Agreement, dated March 5, 2014, with the 2014 Third Security Investors, pursuant to which we granted certain demand, “piggy-back” and S-3 registrations rights covering the resale of the shares of common stock underlying the Series B Preferred Stock issued pursuant to the Series B Purchase Agreement and all shares of common stock issuable upon any dividend or other distribution with respect thereto.
The Series B financing required the repricing and issuance of additional common stock warrants to the holders of warrants issued in the February 2012 common stock and warrant sale. The exercise price of the warrants decreased from $12.96 per share to $11.73 per share and the number of shares issuable upon exercise of the warrants increased from 1,097,600 to 1,212,665.

9. FAIR VALUE

FASB guidance on fair value measurements, which defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value and expands disclosures about fair value measurements for our financial assets and liabilities, as well as for other assets and liabilities that are carried at fair value on a recurring basis in our consolidated financial statements.
FASB guidance establishes a three-level fair value hierarchy based upon the assumptions (inputs) used to price assets or liabilities. The three levels of inputs used to measure fair value are as follows:
Level 1—Unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities;
Level 2—Observable inputs other than those included in Level 1, such as quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets or quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in inactive markets; and
Level 3—Unobservable inputs reflecting our own assumptions and best estimate of what inputs market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability.

Debt.
Our long term debt is considered a Level 3 liability for which book value approximates fair market value due to the variable interest rate it bears.

Common Stock Warrant Liability.
Certain of our issued and outstanding warrants to purchase shares of common stock do not qualify to be treated as equity, and accordingly are recorded as a liability. The Common Stock Warrant Liability represents the fair value of the 1.2 million warrants issued in February 2012. We are required to record these instruments at fair value at each reporting date and changes are recorded as a non-cash adjustment to earnings. The gains or losses included in earnings are reported in other income (expense) in our Statement of Operations. Management does not believe that this liability will be settled by a use of cash.
The Common Stock Warrant Liability is considered a Level 3 financial instrument and is valued using a Monte Carlo simulation. This method is well suited to valuing options with non-standard features, such as anti-dilution protection. A Monte Carlo simulation model uses repeated random sampling to simulate significant uncertainty in inputs. Assumptions and inputs used in the valuation of the common stock warrants are broken down into four sections: Static Business Inputs; Static Technical Inputs; Simulated Business Inputs; and Simulated Technical Inputs.

17

TRANSGENOMIC, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2014 and 2013


Static Business Inputs include: our equity value, which was estimated using our stock price of $3.74 as of June 30, 2014; the amount of the down-round financing; the timing of the down-round financing; the expected exercise period of 2.61 years from the valuation date; and the fact that no other potential fundamental transactions are expected during the term of the common stock warrants.
Static Technical Inputs include: volatility of 55% and the risk-free interest rate of 0.68% based on the 2.5-year U.S. Treasury yield interpolated from the two-year and three-year U.S. Treasury bonds.
Simulated Business Inputs include: the probability of down-round financing, which was estimated to be 25% for simulated equity values below the down-round financing cut-off point.
Simulated Technical Inputs include: our equity value, which in periods 1-10 follows a geometric Brownian motion and is simulated over 10 independent six-month periods; and a down-round financing event that was randomly simulated in an iteration based on the 25% discrete probability of a down-round financing for those iterations where our simulated equity value at the expected timing of down-round financing was below the down-round financing cut-off point.

During the three months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, the changes in the fair value of the liability measured using significant unobservable inputs (Level 3) was comprised of the following:

  Dollars in Thousands
  For the Three Months Ended
  June 30, 2014 June 30, 2013
Beginning balance at April 1 $550
 $500
Total gains or losses: 
  
Recognized in earnings (200) (200)
Balance at June 30 $350
 $300

During the six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, the changes in the fair value of the liability measured using significant unobservable inputs (Level 3) was comprised of the following:
  Dollars in Thousands
  For the Six Months Ended
  June 30, 2014 June 30, 2013
Beginning balance at January 1 $600
 $900
Total gains or losses:    
Recognized in earnings (250) (600)
Balance at June 30 $350
 $300
The change in unrealized gains or losses of Level 3 liabilities was included in earnings and was reported in other income (expense) in our Statement of Operations.

10. STOCK OPTIONS
 
Stock Options.

The following table summarizes stock option activity during the six months ended June 30, 2014:
 

18

TRANSGENOMIC, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2014 and 2013


 
Number of
Options
 
Weighted-Average
Exercise Price
Balance at January 1, 2014565,028
 $7.19
Granted214,296
 5.47
Forfeited(47,559) 5.07
Expired(545) 14.28
Balance at June 30, 2014731,220
 $6.82
Exercisable at June 30, 2014194,663
 $11.03
    
During the six months ended June 30, 2014, we granted options to purchase 214,296 shares of our common stock at a weighted-average exercise price of $5.47 per share under our 2006 Equity Incentive Plan (the “Plan”). Options to purchase an aggregate of 159,375 shares of our common stock were granted during the six months ended June 30, 2013.

As of June 30, 2014, there were 731,220 options exercisable or expected to vest with an aggregate intrinsic value of zero.

Stock Appreciation Rights (SARs)

The following table summarizes SARs activity under the Plan during the six months ended June 30, 2014:

 
Number of
Options
 
Weighted-Average
Exercise Price
Balance at January 1, 2014138,333
 $4.32
Balance at June 30, 2014138,333
 $4.32
Exercisable at June 30, 2014
 $

All SARs outstanding were issued solely to our executive officers.

As of June 30, 2014, 138,333 shares subject to outstanding SARs were expected to vest. The weighted-average exercise price of these SARs was $4.32 and the aggregate intrinsic value was zero.

11. OPERATING SEGMENT AND GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION
Our chief operating decision-maker is our Chief Executive Officer, who regularly evaluates our performance based on net sales and net loss before taxes. The preparation of this segment analysis requires management to make estimates and assumptions around expenses below the gross profit level. While we believe the segment information to be directionally correct, actual results could differ from the estimates and assumptions used in preparing this information.
We have two complementary reportable operating segments, Laboratory Services and Genetic Assays and Platforms.
 
Segment information for the three months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013 is as follows: 

19

TRANSGENOMIC, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2014 and 2013


 Dollars in Thousands
 Three Months Ended June 30, 2014
 Laboratory Services Genetic Assays
and Platforms
 Total
Net Sales$3,843
 $2,921
 $6,764
Gross Profit1,490
 903
 2,393
Net Loss before Taxes(3,277) (624) (3,901)
Income Tax Expense (Benefit)40
 (48) (8)
Net Loss$(3,317) $(576) $(3,893)
Depreciation/Amortization$438
 $50
 $488
Interest Expense, net$83
 $63
 $146
      
 June 30, 2014
Total Assets$23,370
 $7,721
 $31,091

      
 Dollars in Thousands
 Three Months Ended June 30, 2013
 Laboratory Services Genetic Assays
and Platforms
 Total
Net Sales$4,012
 $3,294
 $7,306
Gross Profit1,853
 1,120
 2,973
Net Loss before Taxes(2,181) (692) (2,873)
Income Tax Expense
 (6) (6)
Net Loss$(2,181) $(686) $(2,867)
Depreciation/Amortization$646
 $41
 $687
Interest Expense, net$84
 $67
 $151
      
 June 30, 2013
Total Assets$27,834
 $11,529
 $39,363

Segment information for the six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013 is as follows:

 Dollars in Thousands
 Six Months Ended June 30, 2014
 Laboratory Services Genetic Assays
and Platforms
 Total
Net Sales$7,531
 $5,484
 $13,015
Gross Profit3,122
 1,765
 4,887
Net Loss before Taxes(6,261) (1,311) (7,572)
Income Tax Expense (Benefit)549
 (52) 497
Net Loss$(6,810) $(1,259) $(8,069)
Depreciation/Amortization$878
 $103
 $981
Interest Expense, net$190
 $138
 $328
      


20

TRANSGENOMIC, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(Continued)
Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2014 and 2013


 Dollars in Thousands
 Six Months Ended June 30, 2013
 Laboratory Services Genetic Assays
and Platforms
 Total
Net Sales$8,439
 $6,241
 $14,680
Gross Profit4,046
 2,182
 6,228
Net Loss before Taxes(5,267) (1,127) (6,394)
Income Tax Expense (Benefit)
 60
 60
Net Loss$(5,267) $(1,187) $(6,454)
Depreciation/Amortization$1,209
 $222
 $1,431
Interest Expense, net$219
 $85
 $304
      


Net sales for the three and six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013 by country were as follows:
 
 Dollars in Thousands Dollars in Thousands
 Three Months Ended June 30, Six Months Ended June 30,
 2014 2013 2014 2013
United States$4,870
 $5,797
 $9,633
 $11,146
Italy337
 372
 722
 827
All Other Countries1,557
 1,137
 2,660
 2,707
Total$6,764
 $7,306
 $13,015
 $14,680
Other than the countries specifically identified above, no other country individually accounted for more than 5% of total net sales.

Approximately 99% of our long-lived assets are located within the United States.

12. SUBSEQUENT EVENTS
Events or transactions that occur after the balance sheet date, but before the financial statements are complete, are reviewed to determine if they should be recognized.
On July 1, 2014, the Collaboration Agreement, dated October 9, 2013, between Transgenomic and PDI, Inc., a Delaware corporation d/b/a Interpace Diagnostics for the promotion of our CardioPredict test expired automatically pursuant to its terms upon the parties’ completion of phase one under the agreement. Our management believes that the test continues to have good commercial potential and is evaluating commercialization options.
On July 1, 2014, we entered into a Surveyor Kit Patent, Technology, and Inventory Purchase Agreement (the “Purchase Agreement”) with Integrated DNA Technologies, Inc. (“IDT”). Pursuant to the Purchase Agreement, on July 1, 2014, we transferred and sold to IDT all of our right, title and interest in and to our Surveyor Kits product line and related technology, including, without limitation, all patents, patent applications, licenses, technology, know-how and trademarks relating to the Surveyor Kits product line technology, and our inventory of Surveyor products (collectively, the “Surveyor Technology”).
In consideration for the purchase of the Surveyor Technology, IDT paid us an initial payment of $3.65 million. As additional consideration, IDT will pay us an additional amount equal to an aggregate of $600,000 in four equal installments, the first of which must be made by October 1, 2014, and the last of which must be made by July 1, 2015. Additionally, if net sales of the Surveyor Kits by IDT exceed a certain threshold during the period beginning on October 1, 2014 and ending on September 30, 2015, IDT will be obligated to pay us an additional earn-out payment equal to a percentage of the net sales exceeding the threshold that is in the middle double digits.
Pursuant to the Purchase Agreement, IDT granted us a worldwide, irrevocable, exclusive, fully paid-up, royalty-free, transferable right and license to the Surveyor Technology for clinical uses, including, without limitation, the provision of diagnostic and pharmaceutical services, and any other clinical uses in connection with our biomarker identification business unit.

21


Item 2.Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Forward-Looking Information
This report, including this Management’s Discussion and Analysis, contains forward-looking statements. These statements are based on management’s current views, assumptions or beliefs of future events and financial performance and are subject to uncertainty and changes in circumstances. Readers of this report should understand that these statements are not guarantees of performance or results. Many factors could affect our actual financial results and cause them to vary materially from the expectations contained in the forward-looking statements. These factors include, among other things: our expected revenue, income (loss), receivables, operating expenses, supplier pricing, availability and prices of raw materials, Medicare/Medicaid/Insurance reimbursements, product pricing, foreign currency exchange rates, sources of funding operations and acquisitions, our ability to raise funds, sufficiency of available liquidity, future interest costs, future economic circumstances, industry conditions, our ability to execute our operating plans, the success of our cost savings initiatives, competitive environment and related market conditions, actions of governments and regulatory factors affecting our business and other risks as described in our reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. In some cases these statements are identifiable through the use of words such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “plan,” “project,” “target,” “can,” “could,” “may,” “should,” “will,” “would” or the negative versions of these terms and other similar expressions.
You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. The forward-looking statements we make are not guarantees of future performance and are subject to various assumptions, risks and other factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those suggested by these forward-looking statements. Actual results may differ materially from those suggested by the forward-looking statements that we make for a number of reasons including those described in Part II, Item 1A, “Risk Factors,” of this report and in Part I, Item 1A, “Risk Factors” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2013, which we filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 27, 2014.
We expressly disclaim any obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law.
The following discussion should be read together with our financial statements and related notes contained in this report and with the financial statements, related notes and Management’s Discussion and Analysis included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2013, which we filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 27, 2014. Results for the three and six months ended June 30, 2014 are not necessarily indicative of results that may be attained in the future.

Overview
We are a global biotechnology company advancing personalized medicine in the detection and treatment of cancer and inherited diseases through our proprietary molecular technologies and clinical and research services. We have two complementary business segments:
Laboratory Services. Our laboratories specialize in genetic testing for cardiology, neurology, mitochondrial disorders and oncology. Our Patient Testing laboratories located in New Haven, Connecticut and Omaha, Nebraska are certified under the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendment or, CLIA, as high complexity labs and our Omaha facility is also accredited by the College of American Pathologists. Our Biomarker Identification laboratory located in Omaha, Nebraska also provides pharmacogenomics research services supporting Phase II and Phase III clinical trials conducted by pharmaceutical companies. Our laboratories employ a variety of genomic testing service technologies, including ICE COLD-PCR technology. ICE COLD-PCR is a proprietary platform technology that can be run in any laboratory with standard PCR technology and that enables detection of multiple unknown mutations from virtually any sample type including tissue biopsies, blood, cell-free DNA, or cfDNA, and circulating tumor cells, or CTCs, at levels greater than 1,000-fold higher than standard DNA sequencing techniques.
Genetic Assays and Platforms. Our proprietary product is the WAVE® System, which has broad applicability to genetic variation detection in both molecular genetic research and molecular diagnostics. We also distribute bioinstruments produced by other manufacturers, or OEM Equipment, through our sales and distribution network. Service contracts to maintain installed systems are sold and supported by our technical support personnel. The installed WAVE base and some OEM Equipment platforms generate a demand for consumables that are required for the continued operation of the bioinstruments. We develop, manufacture and sell these consumable products. In addition, we manufacture and sell consumable products that can be used on multiple, independent platforms. These products include a range of chromatography columns.



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Second Quarter 2014 Overview and Recent highlights

We are a global biotechnology company advancing personalized medicine in cardiology, oncology, and inherited diseases through state-of-the-art diagnostic technologies, such as our revolutionary ICE COLD-PCRTM, and state of the art genetic tests provided through our Patient Testing business. We also provide specialized clinical and research services to biopharmaceutical companies developing targeted therapies, and sell equipment, reagents and other consumables for applications in molecular testing and cytogenetics. Our diagnostic technologies are designed to improve medical diagnoses and patient outcomes while reducing costs.

Our strategy aims to optimize, through channel partnerships, the commercial potential of our assets aimed at large genetic testing markets. This allows us to focus resources on our areas of strength, including developing and marketing tests for rare genetic disorders and other genetic-mediated conditions in the U.S., where we are a market leader, and developing biomarkers, genetic tests and companion diagnostics using proprietary technology that is unequalled for the identification and detection of low-level genetic mutations that is a prerequisite for improved diagnosis and treatment of cancer and other diseases.

During the second quarter, we continued to make progress in implementing key initiatives to leverage our products, our distinctive technologies and our infrastructure and expertise with the goal of achieving leadership in the rapidly growing field of personalized medicine.

At the start of this quarter, we announced that we would provide clinical genetic testing services to Raptor Pharmaceuticals Corp. for a novel agent to treat inherited mitochondrial disorders. This is an example of our strategy to become a “Go To” provider for biomarker discovery and genetic testing designed to improve clinical diagnoses and outcomes. We plan to build a portfolio of these types of commercial relationships and business arrangements with a variety of pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies.

During this quarter, we achieved a major goal when our uplisting to the NASDAQ Capital Market became effective. Our shares of common stock began trading on the NASDAQ Capital Market on May 9, 2014, under the ticker TBIO. Our move to a major stock exchange is important symbolically, signaling our emergence as a technology-based company on the move, and we also expect it to benefit our stockholders through the company’s greater visibility, access to capital and increased share liquidity.

After adding Dr. Michael Luther to our Board of Directors in the first quarter of this year, we recruited another strong addition to our Board of Directors this quarter; John D. Thompson, who brings extensive experience in life sciences business development, corporate strategy and mergers and acquisitions at top tier companies such as Invitrogen Corporation (now Life Technologies). We view the recruitment of two outstanding new Board members this year as a reflection of the revitalization of the company as a respected life sciences innovator.

We believe that our ICE COLD-PCR technology has transformative potential and we expect it to play a key role in our personalized medicine strategy. ICE COLD-PCR’s ability to identify both known and unknown genetic mutations at very high sensitivity give it the potential to revolutionize cancer screening, diagnosis, monitoring, and treatment selection, by enabling less invasive, less costly and more frequent assessments of cancer and its mutations, through a simple blood draw.

ICE COLD-PCR can also analyze DNA from fine needle aspirates, core-biopsies, or directly from tumors, and it can be used with standard Sanger sequencing, next generation sequencing, digital PCR and other technologies. We are actively pursuing a number of activities to develop, protect and commercialize this opportunity.

An important development during the quarter was the signing of a license agreement in May 2014 with the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, pursuant to which we were granted worldwide rights to develop and commercialize multiplexed versions of ICE COLD-PCR technology (MX ICE COLD-PCR). The new license is exclusive to us and expands the current relationship that we have with Dana-Farber. It covers all fields and applications of the multiplexed technology, which makes possible the simultaneous detection of multiple DNA mutations from a single liquid sample, such as blood or urine. Our current version of the ICE COLD-PCR technology is also exclusively licensed from Dana-Farber.

Multiplexing makes our ICE COLD-PCR technology far more efficient and allows us to assemble targeted panels of relevant mutations that can be simultaneously analyzed from a single sample. We believe this greatly increases its availability for routine use in cancer therapy, as well as for our biopharmaceutical customers who plan to use MX ICE COLD-PCR to develop new cancer treatments and companion diagnostics.


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Our work with researchers at leading cancer centers, including scientists at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center and the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, is producing a growing body of studies that confirm the extraordinary performance of ICE COLD-PCR technology in enabling the accurate detection of tumor mutations from patient blood or plasma. The potential of the ICE COLD-PCR technology was highlighted by genomic researchers, academic scientists, cancer specialists and potential strategic partners who viewed scientific posters on ICE COLD-PCR at our booth at the 2014 American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Annual Meeting in late May 2014.

An important element of our strategy is to focus resources on key growth areas for the company. Just after the end of the second quarter, on July 2, 2014, we announced that we had entered into an agreement to sell to Integrated DNA Technologies, Inc. ("IDT") the rights to our SURVEYOR® Nuclease technology and assets for a minimum of $4.25 million, including a $3.65 million upfront payment. SURVEYOR® Mutation Detection Kits provide researchers with a simple, robust and versatile method to detect mutations and polymorphisms in DNA from a variety of organisms.

As part of the agreement, IDT will exclusively sublicense rights for all clinical and diagnostic applications of the SURVEYOR® technology back to Transgenomic. The monetization of this asset will also provide resources for expedited development and commercialization efforts for ICE COLD-PCR.

Uncertainties
We have historically operated at a loss and have not consistently generated sufficient cash from operating activities to cover our operating and other cash expenses. We have been able to historically finance our operating losses through borrowings or from the issuance of additional equity. At June 30, 2014, we had cash and cash equivalents of $1.2 million. We believe that existing sources of liquidity, including the proceeds from the sale of the rights to our SURVEYOR® Nuclease technology and assets to IDT discussed above, are sufficient to meet expected cash needs for at least the next 12 months.
The uncertainty of current general economic conditions could negatively impact our business in the future. There are many factors that affect the market demand for our products and services that we cannot control. Demand for our Genetic Assays and Platforms business is affected by the needs and budgetary resources of research institutions, universities and hospitals. The instrument purchase represents a significant expenditure by these types of customers and often requires a long sales cycle. These customers may not have the funding available to purchase our instruments. Competition and new instruments in the marketplace also may impact our sales. Our Laboratory Services business is dependent upon reimbursement from government and private payors that continually look for ways to reduce costs, including by unilaterally reducing reimbursement for services such as those that we provide. The government issued new reimbursement codes in 2013, which were set at pricing levels that were generally lower than the levels for identical tests in 2012. Certain private payors also used the issuance of the new codes as an opportunity to unilaterally lower their reimbursement rates. There are no assurances that reimbursements from certain of these providers will remain at levels that will allow us to be profitable.
We have translation risk that occurs when transactions are consummated in a currency other than British Pound Sterling, which is the functional currency of our foreign subsidiary. These transactions, which are most often consummated in Euros, must be translated into British Pound Sterling. In addition, results of operations and the balance sheet of our foreign subsidiary are translated from British Pound Sterling to our reporting currency, which is the U.S. Dollar. As a result, we are subject to exchange rate risk. Fluctuations in foreign exchange rates could impact our business and financial results.

Results of Operations
Net sales for the three months ended June 30, 2014 decreased by $0.5 million, or 7%, compared to the same period in 2013. During the three months ended June 30, 2014, net sales from our Laboratory Services segment decreased by $0.2 million compared to the same three month period in 2013. Net sales in our Genetic Assays and Platforms segment decreased $0.4 million for the three months ended June 30, 2014 compared to the same period in 2013. Our gross profit margin decreased to 35% for the three months ended June 30, 2014 from 41% for the three months ended June 30, 2013. Loss from operations was $4.0 million for the three months ended June 30, 2014, compared to $2.9 million for the three months ended June 30, 2013.
Three Months Ended June 30, 2014 and 2013
Net Sales. Net sales for the three months ended June 30, 2014 decreased by $0.5 million, or 7%, compared to the same period in 2013. Net sales performance in each of our segments was as follows:


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 Dollars in Thousands
 Three Months Ended  
 June 30, Change
 2014 2013 $     %
Laboratory Services$3,843
 $4,012
 $(169) (4)%
Genetic Assays and Platforms2,921
 3,294
 (373) (11)%
Total Net Sales$6,764
 $7,306
 $(542) (7)%
Laboratory Services net sales decreased $0.2 million, or 4%, during the three months ended June 30, 2014 as compared to the same period in 2013. The decrease reflects lower sales of our contract laboratory services, partially offset by higher sales of patient tests, spurred by a number of new products launched in late 2013.

Genetic Assays and Platforms net sales were $2.9 million for the three months ended June 30, 2014, which represented a decrease of $0.4 million as compared to the same period in 2013. The decrease in net sales was due to lower instrument sales.
Cost of Goods Sold. Cost of goods sold includes material costs for the products that we sell and substantially all other costs associated with our manufacturing facilities (primarily personnel costs, rent and depreciation). It also includes direct costs (primarily personnel costs, rent, supplies and depreciation) associated with our Laboratory Services operations.
Gross Profit. Gross profit and gross margins for each of our business segments were as follows:

 Dollars in Thousands
 Three Months Ended  
 June 30, Margin %
 2014 2013 2014 2013
Laboratory Services$1,490
 $1,853
 39% 46%
Genetic Assays and Platforms903
 1,120
 31% 34%
Gross Profit$2,393
 $2,973
 35% 41%
Gross profit was $2.4 million, or 35% of total net sales, during the second quarter of 2014, compared to $3.0 million, or 41% of total net sales, during the same period of 2013. During the three months ended June 30, 2014, the gross margin for Laboratory Services was 39% as compared to 46% in the same period of 2013 as a result of lower volumes in our Biomarker Identification laboratory. The gross margin for Genetic Assays and Platforms decreased to 31% for the three months ended June 30, 2014 from 34% in the same period of 2013, due to fewer instruments sold.
Selling, General and Administrative Expenses. Selling, general and administrative expenses primarily consist of personnel costs, marketing, travel costs, professional fees, facility costs and bad debt provisions. Our selling, general and administrative costs increased $0.6 million to $5.6 million from $5.0 million during the three month period ended June 30, 2014 as compared to the same period in 2013. The increase was due to higher stock compensation costs and a higher bad debt provision in the second quarter of 2014 as compared to the second quarter of 2013.
Research and Development Expenses. Research and development expenses primarily include personnel costs, intellectual property fees, outside services, collaboration expenses, supplies and facility costs and are expensed in the period in which they are incurred. For the three months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, these costs totaled $0.8 million and $0.9 million, respectively. Research and development expenses totaled 12% of net sales during each of the three months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013.
Other Income (Expense). Other expense for the three months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013 includes interest expense of $0.1 million and $0.2 million, respectively. In addition, other income includes the revaluation of the common stock warrants, which is due to the change in fair value of the common stock warrant liability. The income associated with the change in fair value of the warrants is a non-cash item.
Income Tax Expense/(Benefit). Net income tax benefit for the three months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013 was less than $0.1 million for both periods. The income tax benefit for the three months ended June 30, 2014 includes approximately $0.1 million of deferred income tax expense for a deferred tax liability related to the tax deductibility of our goodwill, which is an indefinite-lived asset. We expect this deferred income tax expense to be approximately $0.2 million annually going forward.


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Six Months Ended June 30, 2014 and 2013
Net Sales. Net sales for the six months ended June 30, 2014 decreased by $1.7 million, or 11%, compared to the same period in 2013. Net sales performance in each of the segments was as follows:
 Dollars in Thousands
 Six Months Ended  
 June 30, Change
 2014 2013 $     %
Laboratory Services$7,531
 $8,439
 $(908) (11)%
Genetic Assays and Platforms5,484
 6,241
 (757) (12)%
Total Net Sales$13,015
 $14,680
 $(1,665) (11)%
Laboratory Services net sales decreased $0.9 million, or 11%, during the six months ended June 30, 2014 as compared to the same period in 2013. The decrease reflects a decline in contract laboratory service revenues and also resulted from a higher than usual level of sales in the first half of 2013 that resulted from working down a backlog of Nuclear Mitome tests from the previous year. These decreases were partially offset by increased test volume in our core Laboratory Services business for the six months ended June 30, 2014 as compared to the same period of 2013.
Genetic Assays and Platforms net sales of $5.5 million represented a decrease of $0.8 million, or 12%, during the six months ended June 30, 2014 compared to the same period in 2013. The decrease in net sales was due to lower instrument sales.
Cost of Goods Sold. Cost of goods sold includes material costs for the products that we sell and substantially all other costs associated with our manufacturing facilities (primarily personnel costs, rent and depreciation). It also includes direct costs (primarily personnel costs, rent, supplies and depreciation) associated with our Laboratory Services operations.
Gross Profit. Gross profit and gross margins for each of our business segments were as follows:
 Dollars in Thousands
 Six Months Ended  
 June 30, Margin %
 2014 2013 2014 2013
Laboratory Services$3,122
 $4,046
 41% 48%
Genetic Assays and Platforms1,765
 2,182
 32% 35%
Gross Profit$4,887
 $6,228
 38% 42%
Gross profit was $4.9 million, or 38% of total net sales, during the six months ended June 30, 2014, compared to $6.2 million, or 42% of total net sales, during the same period of 2013. During the six months ended June 30, 2014, the gross margin for Laboratory Services declined to 41%, as compared to 48% in the same period of 2013 as a result of lower sales in our contract laboratory group. The gross margin for Genetic Assays and Platforms decreased to 32% for the six months ended June 30, 2014 from 35% in the same period of 2013 due to fewer instruments sold.
Selling, General and Administrative Expenses. Selling, general and administrative expenses primarily consist of personnel costs, marketing, travel costs, professional fees, facility costs and bad debt provisions. Our selling, general and administrative costs decreased $0.4 million to $10.9 million from $11.3 million during the six month period ended June 30, 2014 compared to the same period in 2013. The decrease was due to lower bad debt provisions and lower amortization costs in the first half of 2014 as compared to the first half of 2013 along with lower salaries and employee related costs in our Laboratory Services sales force. These decreases were partially offset by increased stock compensation costs.
Research and Development Expenses. Research and development expenses primarily include personnel costs, intellectual property fees, outside services, collaboration expenses, supplies and facility costs and are expensed in the period in which they are incurred. For the six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, these costs totaled $1.5 million and $1.7 million, respectively. Research and development expenses totaled 12% and 11% of net sales during the six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively.
Other Income (Expense). Net other income (expense) for each of the six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013 includes interest expense of $0.3 million. In addition, other income includes the revaluation of common stock warrants, which was due to the change in fair value. The income associated with the change in fair value of the warrants is a non-cash item.

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Income Tax Expense. Income tax expense for the six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013 was $0.5 million and $0.1 million, respectively. The income tax expense for the six months ended June 30, 2014 includes approximately $0.5 million of deferred income tax expense for a deferred tax liability related to the tax deductibility of our goodwill, which is an indefinite-lived asset. We expect this deferred income tax expense to be approximately $0.2 million annually going forward.

Liquidity and Capital Resources
Our working capital positions at June 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013 were as follows:
 
 Dollars in Thousands
 June 30,
2014
 
December 31,
2013
 Change
Current assets (including cash and cash equivalents of $1,191 and $1,626, respectively)$13,377
 $11,835
 $1,542
Current liabilities9,761
 8,625
 1,136
Working capital$3,616
 $3,210
 $406
Historically, we have operated at a loss and have not consistently generated sufficient cash from operating activities to cover our operating and other cash expenses. We have been able to finance our operating losses through borrowings or from the issuance of additional equity. At June 30, 2014, we had cash on hand of $1.2 million. On March 3, 2014, we entered into a fourth amendment to the Loan and Security Agreement dated March 13, 2013, entered into among us and affiliates of Third Security, LLC (the “Loan Agreement"). The fourth amendment provides that we will not be required to make any principal or interest payments under the term loan governed by the Loan Agreement for the period from March 1, 2014 through March 31, 2015. Accordingly, pursuant to the Loan Agreement, as amended by the fourth amendment, the next principal and interest payment under the term loan will be due on April 1, 2015. On March 5, 2014, we sold and issued an aggregate of 1,443,297 shares of our Series B Convertible Preferred Stock at a price per share of $4.85 for an aggregate purchase price of approximately $7.0 million. Net proceeds were used to pay down the revolving credit line governed by the Loan Agreement, which can be redrawn by us, and for working capital purposes. On July 1, 2014, we sold our Surveyor Kits product line and related technology for a minimum of $4.25 million, comprised of an initial payment of $3.65 million and an additional amount equal to an aggregate of $600,000 in four equal installments, the first of which must be made by October 1, 2014, and the last of which must be made by July 1, 2015. We cannot be certain that we will be able to increase our net sales, further reduce our expenses or raise additional capital. However, we believe that existing sources of liquidity as of June 30, 2014, along with net proceeds of the July 2014 product line sale, are sufficient to meet expected cash needs. Accordingly, we believe we have sufficient liquidity to continue our operations for at least the next twelve months.
Please see Note 5 - “Debt” and Note 6 - “Commitments and Contingencies” to the notes to our accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for additional information regarding our outstanding debt and debt servicing obligations.

Analysis of Cash Flows - Six Months Ended June 30, 2014 and 2013
Net Change in Cash and Cash Equivalents. Cash and cash equivalents decreased by $0.4 million during the six months ended June 30, 2014, compared to an increase of $1.9 million during the six months ended June 30, 2013. During the six months ended June 30, 2014, we used cash of $7.3 million in operating activities and $0.2 million in investing activities, which was offset by cash provided by financing activities of $7.0 million. In the six months ended June 30, 2013, net cash used in operating activities was $5.7 million, and net cash used in investing activities was $1.4 million, which was offset by cash provided by financing activities of $9.0 million.
Cash Flows Used in Operating Activities. Cash flows used in operating activities totaled $7.3 million during the six months ended June 30, 2014, compared to cash flows used in operating activities of $5.7 million during the six months ended June 30, 2013. The cash flows used in operating activities in the first six months of 2014 included the net loss of $8.1 million and an increase in accounts receivable of $3.5 million, offset by non-cash items, including the provision for losses on doubtful accounts of $1.5 million, stock option expense of $0.6 million and depreciation and amortization of $1.0 million. The cash flows used in operating activities in the first six months of 2013 included the net loss of $6.5 million and an increase in accounts receivable of $2.2 million, offset by non-cash items, including the provision for losses on doubtful accounts of $2.2 million, stock option expense of $0.2 million and depreciation and amortization of $1.4 million.
Cash Flows Used in Investing Activities. Cash flows used in investing activities totaled $0.2 million during the six months ended June 30, 2014, compared to cash flows used in investing activities of $1.4 million during the same period of 2013. Cash

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flows used in investing activities in the first six months of 2014 included purchases of property and equipment of $0.1 million. Cash flows used in investing activities in the first six months of 2013 included payments made in connection with the acquisition of ScoliScore assets of $0.8 million and purchases of property and equipment of $0.4 million.
Cash Flows Provided by Financing Activities. Cash flows provided by financing activities totaled $7.0 million for the six months ended June 30, 2014. Cash flows provided by financing activities during the six months ended June 30, 2014 included the proceeds from the issuance of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock and net borrowing on our debt, partially offset by payments on our capital lease obligations. Cash flows provided by financing activities during the six months ended June 30, 2013 included the proceeds from the issuance of common stock and net borrowing on our debt, partially offset by payments on our capital lease obligations.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
At each of June 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, we did not have any off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources.

Contractual Obligations and Commitments
There have been no material changes to our contractual obligations outside the normal course of business as compared to those disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 27, 2014.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
Accounting policies used in the preparation of the consolidated financial statements may involve the use of management judgments and estimates. Certain of our accounting policies are considered critical as they are both important to the portrayal of our financial statements and they require significant or complex judgments on the part of management. Our judgments and estimates are based on experience and assumptions that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances. Further, we evaluate our judgments and estimates from time to time as circumstances change. Actual financial results based on judgments or estimates may vary under different assumptions or circumstances. Our critical accounting policies are discussed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2013, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 27, 2014.

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
Please refer to our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2013, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 27, 2014. There have been no changes to those accounting pronouncements listed except as noted in Note 2 - “Summary of Significant Accounting Policies” to the notes to our accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements contained in this report.

Impact of Inflation
We do not believe that price inflation or deflation had a material adverse effect on our financial condition or results of operations during the periods presented.

Item 3.    Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

We are a smaller reporting company, as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and are not required to provide the information required under this item.

Item 4.Controls and Procedures
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures. Management performed, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer, an evaluation of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). Our disclosure controls and procedures are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the reports we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosures. Based on the

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evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer concluded that, as of June 30, 2014, our disclosure controls and procedures were effective at the reasonable assurance level.
We have evaluated the changes in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the three months ended June 30, 2014 and concluded that there have not been any changes that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.


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PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
 
Item 1.Legal Proceedings
We are subject to a number of claims of various amounts that arise out of the normal course of our business. In our opinion, the disposition of pending claims will not have a material adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
 
Item 1A.Risk Factors
There have been no material changes in our risk factors from those previously disclosed in Part 1, Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013 that was filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 27, 2014.

Item 6.Exhibits
(a)Exhibits
†2.1
 
Asset Purchase Agreement among the Registrant, Scoli Acquisition Sub, Inc. and Axial Biotech, Inc. dated August 27, 2012 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 2.1 to the Registrant's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed on November 8, 2012).

   
3.1
  Third Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of the Registrant (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Registrant's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed on November 14, 2005).
   
3.2
  
Certificate of Amendment of Third Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of the Registrant (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Registrant's Current Report on Form 8-K filed on May 29, 2012).

   
3.3
  
Certificate of Amendment of Third Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of the Registrant (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on January 28, 2014).

   
3.4
 
Certificate of Amendment of Certificate of Designation of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock of the Registrant (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on March 6, 2014).

   
3.5
 
Certificate of Designation of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock of the Registrant (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.2 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on March 6, 2014).

   
3.6
 Amended and Restated Bylaws of the Registrant (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3(ii) to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on May 25, 2007).
   
4.1
  
Form of Certificate of the Registrant’s Common Stock (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4 to the Registrant’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (Registration No. 333-32174) filed on March 10, 2000).

   
4.2
 
Form of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock Warrant issued to Third Security Senior Staff 2008 LLC, Third Security Staff 2010 LLC and Third Security Incentive 2010 LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.2 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on January 4, 2011).

   
4.3
 
Registration Rights Agreement, dated December 29, 2010, by and among the Registrant, Third Security Senior Staff 2008 LLC, Third Security Staff 2010 LLC and Third Security Incentive 2010 LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.3 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on January 4, 2011).

   
4.4
 
First Amendment to Registration Rights Agreement dated November 8, 2011 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.2 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on November 14, 2011).

   
4.5
 
Form of Warrant issued by the Registrant to the Third Security Entities on February 7, 2012 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on February 7, 2012).

   

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4.6
 
Form of Warrant issued by the Registrant to the Investors on February 7, 2012 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.3 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on February 7, 2012).

   
4.7
 
Form of Registration Rights Agreement entered into by and among the Registrant, the Third Security Entities and the Investors dated February 2, 2012 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.4 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on February 7, 2012).

   
4.8
 Registration Rights Agreement, entered into by and among the Registrant and the Investors, dated January 24, 2013 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.3 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K/A filed on January 31, 2013).
   
4.9
 Form of Warrant issued by the Registrant to the Investors on January 30, 2013 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K/A filed on January 31, 2013).
   
4.10
 Registration Rights Agreement, dated as of March 5, 2014, by and among the Registrant, Third Security Senior Staff 2008 LLC, Third Security Staff 2014 LLC and Third Security Incentive 2010 LLC (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on March 6, 2014).
   
31.1
 
Certification of Paul Kinnon, President and Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, as amended

   
31.2
 
Certification of Mark P. Colonnese, Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, as amended

   
32.1
  
Certification of Paul Kinnon, President and Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, as amended

   
32.2
  
Certification of Mark P. Colonnese, Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, as amended

   
101.INS
 XBRL Instance Document
   
101.SCH
 XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
   
101.CAL
 XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
   
101.DEF
 XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
   
101.LAB
 XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
   
101.PRE
 XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document


 
Pursuant to Item 601(b)(2) of Regulation S-K, the schedules to this agreement have been omitted. The Registrant agrees to furnish supplementally a copy of any omitted schedule to the Securities and Exchange Commission upon request.

   

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SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
    
  TRANSGENOMIC, INC.
    
Date:August 8, 2014By:
/S/ PAUL KINNON



Paul Kinnon
President and Chief Executive Officer
    
Date:August 8, 2014By:/S/ MARK P. COLONNESE
   
Mark P. Colonnese
Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer (Principal Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer)
    

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