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NVDA NVIDIA

Filed: 20 Aug 21, 4:32pm

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended August 1, 2021
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission file number: 0-23985
nvda-20210801_g1.jpg

NVIDIA CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware94-3177549
(State or Other Jurisdiction of(I.R.S. Employer
Incorporation or Organization)Identification No.)
2788 San Tomas Expressway
Santa Clara, California 95051
(408) 486-2000
(Address, including zip code, and telephone number,
including area code, of principal executive offices)
N/A
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year if changed since last report)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.001 par value per shareNVDAThe Nasdaq Global Select Market
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company”, and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filerNon-accelerated filerSmaller reporting companyEmerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No
The number of shares of common stock, $0.001 par value, outstanding as of August 13, 2021, was 2.50 billion.



NVIDIA CORPORATION
FORM 10-Q
FOR THE QUARTER ENDED August 1, 2021
TABLE OF CONTENTS
  Page
  
Financial Statements (Unaudited) 
 a) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income for the three and six months ended August 1, 2021 and July 26, 2020
b) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the three and six months ended August 1, 2021 and July 26, 2020
 c) Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of August 1, 2021 and January 31, 2021
d) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Shareholders' Equity for the three and six months ended August 1, 2021 and July 26, 2020
 e) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the six months ended August 1, 2021 and July 26, 2020
 f) Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Controls and Procedures
  
Legal Proceedings
Risk Factors
Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Exhibits
 
WHERE YOU CAN FIND MORE INFORMATION
Investors and others should note that we announce material financial information to our investors using our investor relations website, press releases, SEC filings and public conference calls and webcasts. We also use the following social media channels as a means of disclosing information about the company, our products, our planned financial and other announcements and attendance at upcoming investor and industry conferences, and other matters, and for complying with our disclosure obligations under Regulation FD: 
NVIDIA Twitter Account (https://twitter.com/nvidia)
NVIDIA Company Blog (http://blogs.nvidia.com)
NVIDIA Facebook Page (https://www.facebook.com/nvidia)
NVIDIA LinkedIn Page (http://www.linkedin.com/company/nvidia)
NVIDIA Instagram Page (https://www.instagram.com/nvidia)
In addition, investors and others can view NVIDIA videos on YouTube (https://www.YouTube.com/nvidia).
The information we post through these social media channels may be deemed material. Accordingly, investors should monitor these accounts and the blog, in addition to following our press releases, SEC filings and public conference calls and webcasts. This list may be updated from time to time. The information we post through these channels is not a part of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. These channels may be updated from time to time on NVIDIA's investor relations website.
2


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1.  FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(In millions, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
 Three Months EndedSix Months Ended
 August 1,July 26,August 1,July 26,
2021202020212020
Revenue$6,507 $3,866 $12,168 $6,946 
Cost of revenue2,292 1,591 4,324 2,667 
Gross profit4,215 2,275 7,844 4,279 
Operating expenses  
Research and development1,245 997 2,398 1,732 
Sales, general and administrative526 627 1,046 920 
Total operating expenses1,771 1,624 3,444 2,652 
Income from operations2,444 651 4,400 1,627 
Interest income13 13 44 
Interest expense(60)(54)(113)(78)
Other, net(1)138 (2)
Other income (expense), net(50)(42)38 (36)
Income before income tax2,394 609 4,438 1,591 
Income tax expense (benefit)20 (13)153 52 
Net income$2,374 $622 $4,285 $1,539 
Net income per share:
Basic$0.95 $0.25 $1.72 $0.63 
Diluted$0.94 $0.25 $1.69 $0.62 
Weighted average shares used in per share computation:
Basic2,493 2,464 2,489 2,460 
Diluted2,532 2,504 2,529 2,496 
See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

3


NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(In millions)
(Unaudited)
 Three Months EndedSix Months Ended
 August 1,July 26,August 1,July 26,
2021202020212020
 
Net income$2,374 $622 $4,285 $1,539 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
Available-for-sale securities:
Net change in unrealized gain (loss)— (1)
Reclassification adjustments for net realized gain (loss) included in net income— (2)— (2)
Net change in unrealized gain (loss)— (1)
Cash flow hedges:
Net unrealized gain (loss)(14)16 (27)
Reclassification adjustments for net realized gain (loss) included in net income(3)17 (4)
Net change in unrealized gain (loss)(6)13 (10)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax(6)14 (11)
Total comprehensive income$2,368 $636 $4,274 $1,542 
See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

4


NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES 
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In millions)
(Unaudited)
August 1,January 31,
 20212021
ASSETS
Current assets:  
Cash and cash equivalents$5,628 $847 
Marketable securities14,026 10,714 
Accounts receivable, net3,586 2,429 
Inventories2,114 1,826 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets452 239 
Total current assets25,806 16,055 
Property and equipment, net2,364 2,149 
Operating lease assets801 707 
Goodwill4,193 4,193 
Intangible assets, net2,478 2,737 
Deferred income tax assets958 806 
Other assets2,050 2,144 
Total assets$38,650 $28,791 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY  
Current liabilities:  
Accounts payable$1,474 $1,201 
Accrued and other current liabilities1,974 1,725 
Short-term debt1,000 999 
Total current liabilities4,448 3,925 
Long-term debt10,943 5,964 
Long-term operating lease liabilities716 634 
Other long-term liabilities1,396 1,375 
Total liabilities17,503 11,898 
Commitments and contingencies - see Note 1300
Shareholders’ equity:  
Preferred stock— — 
Common stock
Additional paid-in capital9,745 8,719 
Treasury stock, at cost(11,604)(10,756)
Accumulated other comprehensive income19 
Retained earnings22,995 18,908 
Total shareholders' equity21,147 16,893 
Total liabilities and shareholders' equity$38,650 $28,791 
See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

5


NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED AUGUST 1, 2021 AND JULY 26, 2020
(Unaudited)
Common Stock
Outstanding
Additional Paid-in CapitalTreasury StockAccumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)Retained EarningsTotal Shareholders' Equity
(In millions, except per share data)SharesAmount
Balances, May 2, 20212,491 $$9,278 $(11,242)$14 $20,721 $18,774 
Net income— — — — — 2,374 2,374 
Other comprehensive loss— — — — (6)— (6)
Issuance of common stock from stock plans — — — — 
Tax withholding related to vesting of restricted stock units(2)— — (362)— — (362)
Cash dividends declared and paid ($0.04 per common share)— — — — — (100)(100)
Stock-based compensation— — 465 — — — 465 
Balances, August 1, 20212,496 $$9,745 $(11,604)$$22,995 $21,147 
Balances, April 26, 20202,461 $$7,352 $(10,036)$(10)$15,790 $13,099 
Net income— — — — — 622 622 
Other comprehensive income— — — — 14 — 14 
Issuance of common stock from stock plans — — — — 
Tax withholding related to vesting of restricted stock units(2)— — (196)— — (196)
Cash dividends declared and paid ($0.04 per common share)— — — — — (99)(99)
Fair value of partially vested equity awards assumed in connection with acquisitions— — 86 — — — 86 
Stock-based compensation— — 382 — — — 382 
Balances, July 26, 20202,467 $$7,826 $(10,232)$$16,313 $13,914 
See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
6


NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
FOR THE SIX MONTHS ENDED AUGUST 1, 2021 AND JULY 26, 2020
(Unaudited)
Common Stock
Outstanding
Additional Paid-in CapitalTreasury StockAccumulated Other Comprehensive IncomeRetained EarningsTotal Shareholders' Equity
(In millions, except per share data)SharesAmount
Balances, January 31, 20212,479 $$8,719 $(10,756)$19 $18,908 $16,893 
Net income— — — — — 4,285 4,285 
Other comprehensive loss— — — — (11)— (11)
Issuance of common stock from stock plans 22 — 128 — — — 128 
Tax withholding related to vesting of restricted stock units(5)— — (848)— — (848)
Cash dividends declared and paid ($0.08 per common share)— — — — — (198)(198)
Stock-based compensation— — 898 — — — 898 
Balances, August 1, 20212,496 $$9,745 $(11,604)$$22,995 $21,147 
Balances, January 26, 20202,450 $$7,043 $(9,814)$$14,971 $12,204 
Net income— — — — — 1,539 1,539 
Other comprehensive income— — — — — 
Issuance of common stock from stock plans 24 — 94 — — — 94 
Tax withholding related to vesting of restricted stock units(7)— — (418)— — (418)
Cash dividends declared and paid ($0.08 per common share)— — — — — (197)(197)
Fair value of partially vested equity awards assumed in connection with acquisitions— — 86 — — — 86 
Stock-based compensation— — 603 — — — 603 
Balances, July 26, 20202,467 $$7,826 $(10,232)$$16,313 $13,914 
See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
7


NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In millions)
(Unaudited)
 Six Months Ended
August 1,July 26,
 20212020
Cash flows from operating activities:  
Net income$4,285 $1,539 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Stock-based compensation expense894 598 
Depreciation and amortization567 511 
Deferred income taxes(161)(64)
(Gains) losses on investments in non-affiliates, net(133)
Other16 (10)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions:
Accounts receivable(1,157)(205)
Inventories(282)(97)
Prepaid expenses and other assets18 34 
Accounts payable279 63 
Accrued and other current liabilities132 81 
Other long-term liabilities98 21 
Net cash provided by operating activities4,556 2,476 
Cash flows from investing activities:  
Proceeds from maturities of marketable securities5,236 1,032 
Proceeds from sales of marketable securities705 259 
Purchases of marketable securities(9,268)(8,286)
Purchases related to property and equipment and intangible assets(481)(372)
Investments and other, net(7)
Acquisitions, net of cash acquired— (7,171)
Net cash used in investing activities(3,805)(14,545)
Cash flows from financing activities:  
Issuance of debt, net of issuance costs4,985 4,971 
Proceeds related to employee stock plans128 94 
Payments related to tax on restricted stock units(843)(418)
Dividends paid(198)(197)
Principal payments on property and equipment(40)— 
Other(2)(3)
Net cash provided by financing activities4,030 4,447 
Change in cash and cash equivalents4,781 (7,622)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period847 10,896 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period$5,628 $3,274 
See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
8

NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


Note 1 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements were prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, or U.S. GAAP, for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC, Regulation S-X. The January 31, 2021 consolidated balance sheet was derived from our audited consolidated financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2021, as filed with the SEC, but does not include all disclosures required by U.S. GAAP. In the opinion of management, all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments considered necessary for a fair statement of results of operations and financial position, have been included. The results for the interim periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the results expected for any future period. The following information should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2021. 
On May 21, 2021, our Board of Directors declared a 4-for-one split of our common stock in the form of a stock dividend, or the Stock Split, which was conditioned upon obtaining stockholder approval to increase the number of our authorized shares of common stock from 2 billion to 4 billion. On June 3, 2021, at the 2021 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, our stockholders approved the amendment to our Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation to increase the number of authorized shares of common stock to 4 billion. As a result, each stockholder of record at the close of business on June 21, 2021 received a dividend of 3 additional shares of common stock for every share held on the record date, distributed after the close of trading on July 19, 2021. All share, equity award, and per share amounts and related shareholders' equity balances presented herein have been retroactively adjusted to reflect the Stock Split.
Significant Accounting Policies
There have been no material changes to our significant accounting policies disclosed in Note 1 - Organization and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2021.
Fiscal Year
We operate on a 52- or 53-week year, ending on the last Sunday in January. Fiscal year 2022 is a 52-week year and fiscal year 2021 was a 53-week year. The second quarters of fiscal years 2022 and 2021 were both 13-week quarters.
Reclassifications
Certain prior fiscal year balances have been reclassified to conform to the current fiscal year presentation.
Principles of Consolidation
Our condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of NVIDIA Corporation and our wholly-owned subsidiaries. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ materially from our estimates. On an ongoing basis, we evaluate our estimates, including those related to revenue recognition, cash equivalents and marketable securities, accounts receivable, inventories, income taxes, goodwill, stock-based compensation, litigation, investigation and settlement costs, restructuring and other charges, and other contingencies. The inputs into our judgments and estimates consider the economic implications of COVID-19. These estimates are based on historical facts and various other assumptions that we believe are reasonable.
9

NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)


Note 2 - Business Combination
Pending Acquisition of Arm Limited
On September 13, 2020, we entered into a Share Purchase Agreement, or the Purchase Agreement, with Arm Limited, or Arm, and SoftBank Group Capital Limited and SVF Holdco (UK) Limited, or together, SoftBank, for us to acquire, from SoftBank, all allotted and issued ordinary shares of Arm in a transaction valued at $40 billion. We paid $2 billion in cash at signing, or the Signing Consideration, and will pay upon closing of the acquisition $10 billion in cash and issue to SoftBank 177.5 million shares of our common stock, which had an aggregate value of $21.5 billion as of the date of the Purchase Agreement. The transaction includes a potential earn out, which is contingent on the achievement of certain financial performance targets by Arm during the fiscal year ending March 31, 2022. If the financial targets are achieved, SoftBank can elect to receive either up to an additional $5 billion in cash or up to an additional 41.3 million shares of our common stock. We will issue up to $1.5 billion in restricted stock units to Arm employees after closing. The $2 billion paid upon signing was allocated between advanced consideration for the acquisition of $1.36 billion and the prepayment of intellectual property licenses from Arm of $0.17 billion and royalties of $0.47 billion, both with a 20-year term. The closing of the acquisition is subject to customary closing conditions, including receipt of specified governmental and regulatory consents and approvals and the expiration of any related mandatory waiting period, and Arm's implementation of the reorganization and distribution of Arm’s IoT Services Group and certain other assets and liabilities. We are working through the regulatory process in the United States, the United Kingdom, the European Union, China and other jurisdictions. Although some Arm licensees have expressed concerns or objected to the transaction, and discussions with regulators are taking longer than initially thought, we are confident in the deal rationale and that regulators should recognize the benefits of the acquisition to Arm, its licensees, and the industry. If the Purchase Agreement is terminated under certain circumstances, we will be refunded $1.25 billion of the Signing Consideration. The Signing Consideration was allocated on a fair value basis and any refund of the Signing Consideration will use stated values in the Purchase Agreement.
Acquisition of Mellanox Technologies, Ltd.
On April 27, 2020, we completed the acquisition of all outstanding shares of Mellanox for a total purchase consideration of $7.13 billion. Mellanox is a supplier of high-performance interconnect products for computing, storage and communications applications. We acquired Mellanox to optimize data center workloads to scale across the entire computing, networking, and storage stack.
Supplemental Unaudited Pro Forma Information
The following unaudited pro forma financial information summarizes the combined results of operations for NVIDIA and Mellanox as if the companies were combined as of the beginning of fiscal year 2020:
Pro Forma
 Three Months EndedSix Months Ended
 July 26, 2020July 26, 2020
(In millions)
Revenue$3,866 $7,375 
Net income$964 $1,883 
The unaudited pro forma information includes adjustments related to amortization of acquired intangible assets, adjustments to stock-based compensation expense, fair value of acquired inventory, and transaction costs. The unaudited pro forma information presented above is for informational purposes only and is not necessarily indicative of our consolidated results of operations of the combined business had the acquisition occurred at the beginning of fiscal year 2020 or of the results of our future operations of the combined businesses.
The pro forma results reflect the inventory step-up expense of $161 million in the first half of fiscal year 2020 and was excluded from the pro forma results for the second quarter and first half of fiscal year 2021. There were no other material nonrecurring adjustments.
10

NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)


Note 3 - Leases
Our lease obligations primarily consist of operating leases for our headquarters complex, domestic and international office facilities, and data center space, with lease periods expiring between fiscal years 2022 and 2035.
Future minimum lease payments under our non-cancelable operating leases as of August 1, 2021, are as follows:
Operating Lease Obligations
 (In millions)
Fiscal Year: 
2022 (excluding first half of fiscal year 2022)$81 
2023156 
2024139 
2025119 
2026111 
2027 and thereafter355 
Total961 
Less imputed interest113 
Present value of net future minimum lease payments848 
Less short-term operating lease liabilities132 
Long-term operating lease liabilities$716 
Operating lease expenses were $42 million and $35 million for the second quarter of fiscal years 2022 and 2021, respectively, and $81 million and $67 million for the first half of fiscal years 2022 and 2021, respectively. Short-term and variable lease expenses for the second quarter and first half of fiscal years 2022 and 2021 were not significant.
Other information related to leases was as follows:
Six Months Ended
August 1, 2021July 26, 2020
 (In millions)
Supplemental cash flows information 
Operating cash flows used for operating leases$75 $66 
Operating lease assets obtained in exchange for lease obligations$164 $138 
As of August 1, 2021, our operating leases had a weighted average remaining lease term of 7.6 years and a weighted average discount rate of 2.84%. As of January 31, 2021, our operating leases had a weighted average remaining lease term of 7.6 years and a weighted average discount rate of 2.87%.

11

NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)


Note 4 - Stock-Based Compensation
Our stock-based compensation expense is associated with restricted stock units, or RSUs, performance stock units that are based on our corporate financial performance targets, or PSUs, performance stock units that are based on market conditions, or market-based PSUs, and our employee stock purchase plan, or ESPP.
Our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income include stock-based compensation expense, net of amounts allocated to inventory, as follows:
 Three Months EndedSix Months Ended
 August 1,
2021
July 26,
2020
August 1,
2021
July 26,
2020
(In millions)
Cost of revenue$32 $14 $57 $35 
Research and development297 228 573 362 
Sales, general and administrative136 132 264 201 
Total$465 $374 $894 $598 
Equity Award Activity
The following is a summary of equity award transactions under our equity incentive plans:
RSUs, PSUs, and Market-based PSUs Outstanding
 Number of SharesWeighted Average Grant-Date Fair Value Per Share
(In millions, except per share data)
Balances, January 31, 202159 $66.17 
Granted15 $181.65 
Vested restricted stock(17)$62.20 
Canceled and forfeited(1)$70.78 
Balances, August 1, 202156 $100.01 
As of August 1, 2021, there was $5.35 billion of aggregate unearned stock-based compensation expense, net of forfeitures. This amount is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 2.7 years for RSUs, PSUs, and market-based PSUs, and 1 year for ESPP.

12

NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)


Note 5 – Net Income Per Share
The following is a reconciliation of the denominator of the basic and diluted net income per share computations for the periods presented:
 Three Months EndedSix Months Ended
August 1,July 26,August 1,July 26,
2021202020212020
 (In millions, except per share data)
Numerator:  
Net income$2,374 $622 $4,285 $1,539 
Denominator:
Basic weighted average shares2,493 2,464 2,489 2,460 
Dilutive impact of outstanding equity awards39 40 40 36 
Diluted weighted average shares2,532 2,504 2,529 2,496 
Net income per share:
Basic (1)$0.95 $0.25 $1.72 $0.63 
Diluted (2)$0.94 $0.25 $1.69 $0.62 
Equity awards excluded from diluted net income per share because their effect would have been anti-dilutive13 — 15 24 
(1)    Calculated as net income divided by basic weighted average shares.
(2)    Calculated as net income divided by diluted weighted average shares.
Note 6 – Income Taxes
We recognized an income tax expense of $20 million and $153 million for the second quarter and first half of fiscal year 2022, respectively, and an income tax benefit of $13 million and an income tax expense of $52 million for the second quarter and first half of fiscal year 2021, respectively. The income tax expense as a percentage of income before income tax was 0.9% and 3.4% for the second quarter and first half of fiscal year 2022, respectively, and 3.3% for the first half of fiscal year 2021. The income tax benefit as a percentage of income before income tax was 2.0% for the second quarter of fiscal year 2021.
On June 28, 2021, we simplified our corporate structure by repatriating the economic rights of certain non-U.S. intellectual property to the United States via domestication of a foreign subsidiary, or the Domestication. The Domestication more closely aligns our corporate structure to our operating structure in accordance with the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development’s Base Erosion and Profit Shifting conclusions and changes to U.S. and European tax laws. The impact of the Domestication, which is regarded as a change in tax status, resulted in a discrete benefit primarily from re-valuing certain deferred tax assets, net of deferred tax liabilities, of $252 million in the second quarter of fiscal year 2022.
The increase in our effective tax rate for the second quarter and first half of fiscal year 2022 as compared to the same periods of fiscal year 2021 was primarily due to a decreased impact of tax benefits from stock-based compensation and the U.S. federal research tax credit, and an increase in the amount of earnings subject to U.S. tax, partially offset by the discrete benefit of the Domestication.
Our effective tax rate for the first half of fiscal year 2021 was lower than the U.S. federal statutory rate of 21% due to income earned in jurisdictions that is subject to taxes lower than the U.S. federal statutory tax rate, tax benefits related to stock-based compensation, and the benefit of the U.S. federal research tax credit.
Our effective tax rate for the first half of fiscal year 2022 was lower than the U.S. federal statutory rate of 21% due to the discrete benefit of the Domestication, tax benefits related to the foreign-derived intangible income deduction, income
13

NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)


earned in jurisdictions that is subject to taxes lower than the U.S. federal statutory tax rate, and tax benefits related to the U.S. federal research tax credit and stock-based compensation.
As of August 1, 2021, we intend to indefinitely reinvest approximately $1.6 billion and $231 million of cumulative undistributed earnings held by certain subsidiaries in Israel and the United Kingdom, respectively. We have not provided the amount of unrecognized deferred tax liabilities for temporary differences related to these investments as the determination of such amount is not practicable.
For the first half of fiscal year 2022, there have been no material changes to our tax years that remain subject to examination by major tax jurisdictions. We are currently under examination by the Internal Revenue Service for our fiscal years 2018 and 2019. Additionally, there have been no material changes to our unrecognized tax benefits and any related interest or penalties since the fiscal year ended January 31, 2021.
While we believe that we have adequately provided for all uncertain tax positions, or tax positions where we believe it is not more-likely-than-not that the position will be sustained upon review, amounts asserted by tax authorities could be greater or less than our accrued position. Accordingly, our provisions on federal, state and foreign tax related matters to be recorded in the future may change as revised estimates are made or the underlying matters are settled or otherwise resolved with the respective tax authorities. As of August 1, 2021, we do not believe that our estimates, as otherwise provided for, on such tax positions will significantly increase or decrease within the next 12 months.
Note 7 - Cash Equivalents and Marketable Securities 
Our cash equivalents and marketable securities related to debt securities are classified as “available-for-sale” debt securities.
The following is a summary of cash equivalents and marketable securities as of August 1, 2021 and January 31, 2021:
 August 1, 2021
Amortized
Cost
Unrealized
Gain
Unrealized
Loss
Estimated
Fair Value
Reported as
 Cash EquivalentsMarketable Securities
 (In millions)
Corporate debt securities$8,610 $$(1)$8,611 $1,825 $6,786 
Debt securities issued by the United States Treasury5,079 — 5,080 1,311 3,769 
Debt securities issued by United States government agencies2,371 — 2,372 60 2,312 
Money market funds2,097 — — 2,097 2,097 — 
Certificates of deposit962 — — 962 44 918 
Foreign government bonds241 — — 241 — 241 
Total$19,360 $$(1)$19,363 $5,337 $14,026 
 January 31, 2021
Amortized
Cost
Unrealized
Gain
Unrealized
Loss
Estimated
Fair Value
Reported as
 Cash EquivalentsMarketable Securities
 (In millions)
Corporate debt securities$4,442 $$— $4,444 $234 $4,210 
Debt securities issued by United States government agencies2,975 — 2,976 28 2,948 
Debt securities issued by the United States Treasury2,846 — — 2,846 25 2,821 
Certificates of deposit705 — — 705 37 668 
Money market funds313 — — 313 313 — 
Foreign government bonds67 — — 67 — 67 
Total$11,348 $$— $11,351 $637 $10,714 
Net realized gains and unrealized gains and losses were not significant for all periods presented.
The amortized cost and estimated fair value of cash equivalents and marketable securities as of August 1, 2021 and January 31, 2021 are shown below by contractual maturity.
August 1, 2021January 31, 2021
Amortized CostEstimated Fair ValueAmortized CostEstimated Fair Value
(In millions)
Less than one year$17,390 $17,391 $10,782 $10,783 
Due in 1 - 5 years1,970 1,972 566 568 
Total$19,360 $19,363 $11,348 $11,351 
Note 8 – Fair Value of Financial Assets and Liabilities
The fair values of our financial assets and liabilities are determined using quoted market prices of identical assets or quoted market prices of similar assets from active markets. We review fair value hierarchy classification on a quarterly basis.
14

NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)


Fair Value at
Pricing CategoryAugust 1, 2021January 31, 2021
(In millions)
Assets
Cash equivalents and marketable securities:
Money market fundsLevel 1$2,097 $313 
Corporate debt securitiesLevel 2$8,611 $4,444 
Debt securities issued by the United States TreasuryLevel 2$5,080 $2,846 
Debt securities issued by United States government agenciesLevel 2$2,372 $2,976 
Certificates of depositLevel 2$962 $705 
Foreign government bondsLevel 2$241 $67 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets:
Publicly-held equity security (1)Level 1$128 $— 
Other assets:
Investment in non-affiliated entities (2)Level 3$147 $144 
Liabilities (3)
2.20% Notes Due 2021Level 2$1,001 $1,011 
0.309% Notes Due 2023Level 2$1,251 $— 
0.584% Notes Due 2024Level 2$1,254 $— 
3.20% Notes Due 2026Level 2$1,106 $1,124 
1.55% Notes Due 2028Level 2$1,261 $— 
2.85% Notes Due 2030Level 2$1,640 $1,654 
2.00% Notes Due 2031Level 2$1,271 $— 
3.50% Notes Due 2040Level 2$1,152 $1,152 
3.50% Notes Due 2050Level 2$2,320 $2,308 
3.70% Notes Due 2060Level 2$603 $602 
(1)    Investment in a publicly-traded equity security subject to short-term selling restrictions. An unrealized loss on the investment of $6 million was recorded in other income (expense), net in the second quarter of fiscal year 2022 and an unrealized gain of $118 million was recorded in other income (expense), net in the first half of fiscal year 2022.
(2)    Investment in private non-affiliated entities is recorded at fair value on a non-recurring basis only if an impairment or observable price adjustment occurs in the period with changes in fair value recorded through net income. The amount recorded as of August 1, 2021 has not been significant.
(3)    These liabilities are carried on our Consolidated Balance Sheets at their original issuance value, net of unamortized debt discount and issuance costs, and are not marked to fair value each period. Refer to Note 12 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.
15

NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)


Note 9 - Amortizable Intangible Assets and Goodwill
The components of our amortizable intangible assets are as follows:
 August 1, 2021January 31, 2021
 Gross
Carrying
Amount
Accumulated
Amortization
Net Carrying
Amount
Gross
Carrying
Amount
Accumulated
Amortization
Net Carrying
Amount
 (In millions)
Acquisition-related intangible assets (1)$3,277 $(1,030)$2,247 $3,280 $(774)$2,506 
Patents and licensed technology709 (478)231 706 (475)231 
Total intangible assets$3,986 $(1,508)$2,478 $3,986 $(1,249)$2,737 
(1)    As of August 1, 2021, acquisition-related intangible assets include the fair value of a Mellanox in-process research and development, or IPR&D, project of $630 million, which has not yet commenced amortization.
Amortization expense associated with intangible assets was $138 million and $275 million for the second quarter and first half of fiscal year 2022, respectively, and $284 million and $291 million for the second quarter and first half of fiscal year 2021, respectively. Future amortization expense related to the net carrying amount of intangible assets, excluding IPR&D, as of August 1, 2021 is estimated to be $275 million for the remainder of fiscal year 2022, $547 million in fiscal year 2023, $424 million in fiscal year 2024, $371 million in fiscal year 2025, $99 million in fiscal year 2026, and $132 million in fiscal year 2027 and thereafter.
There were no changes to the carrying amount of goodwill during the second quarter and first half of fiscal year 2022.
Note 10 - Balance Sheet Components 
Certain balance sheet components are as follows:
August 1,January 31,
 20212021
Inventories:(In millions)
Raw materials$825 $632 
Work in-process553 457 
Finished goods736 737 
Total inventories$2,114 $1,826 
August 1,January 31,
 20212021
Prepaid expenses and other current assets:(In millions)
Prepaid expenses$195 $142 
Publicly-held equity security128 — 
Other129 97 
Total prepaid expenses and other current assets$452 $239 
16

NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)


August 1,January 31,
 20212021
Other assets:(In millions)
Advanced consideration for acquisition$1,357 $1,357 
Prepaid royalties422 440 
Investment in non-affiliated entities147 144 
Deposits77 136 
Other47 67 
Total other assets$2,050 $2,144 

August 1,January 31,
 20212021
Accrued and Other Current Liabilities:(In millions)
Customer program accruals$745 $630 
Accrued payroll and related expenses387 297 
Deferred revenue (1)301 288 
Operating leases132 121 
Licenses and royalties102 128 
Coupon interest on debt obligations81 74 
Taxes payable64 61 
Product warranty and return provisions45 39 
Professional service fees32 26 
Other85 61 
Total accrued and other current liabilities$1,974 $1,725 
(1)    Deferred revenue primarily includes customer advances and deferrals related to license and development arrangements and post-contract customer support, or PCS.
August 1,January 31,
 20212021
Other Long-Term Liabilities:(In millions)
Income tax payable (1)$897 $836 
Deferred income tax229 241 
Deferred revenue (2)189 163 
Employee benefits37 33 
Licenses payable33 56 
Other11 46 
Total other long-term liabilities$1,396 $1,375 
(1)    As of August 1, 2021, income tax payable represents the long-term portion of the one-time transition tax payable of $251 million, unrecognized tax benefits of $435 million, related interest and penalties of $52 million, and other foreign long-term tax payable of $159 million.
(2)    Deferred revenue primarily includes deferrals related to PCS.

17

NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)


Deferred Revenue
The following table shows the changes in deferred revenue during the first half of fiscal years 2022 and 2021:
August 1,July 26,
 20212020
(In millions)
Balance at beginning of period$451 $201 
Deferred revenue added during the period401 213 
Addition due to business combinations— 75 
Revenue recognized during the period(362)(147)
Balance at end of period$490 $342 
Revenue related to remaining performance obligations represents the remaining contracted license, development arrangements and PCS that has not been recognized. This includes related deferred revenue currently recorded and amounts that will be invoiced in future periods. As of August 1, 2021, the amount of our remaining performance obligations that has not been recognized as revenue was $646 million, of which we expect to recognize approximately 50% as revenue over the next 12 months and the remainder thereafter. This amount excludes the value of remaining performance obligations for contracts with an original expected length of one year or less.
Note 11 - Derivative Financial Instruments
We enter into foreign currency forward contracts to mitigate the impact of foreign currency exchange rate movements on our operating expenses. These contracts are designated as cash flow hedges for hedge accounting treatment. Gains or losses on the contracts are recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income or loss and reclassified to operating expense when the related operating expenses are recognized in earnings or ineffectiveness should occur. The fair value of the contracts was not significant as of August 1, 2021 and January 31, 2021.
We also enter into foreign currency forward contracts to mitigate the impact of foreign currency movements on monetary assets and liabilities that are denominated in currencies other than the U.S. dollar. These forward contracts were not designated for hedge accounting treatment. Therefore, the change in fair value of these contracts is recorded in other income or expense and offsets the change in fair value of the hedged foreign currency denominated monetary assets and liabilities, which is also recorded in other income or expense.

The table below presents the notional value of our foreign currency forward contracts outstanding as of August 1, 2021 and January 31, 2021:
 August 1,
2021
January 31,
2021
(In millions)
Designated as cash flow hedges$902 $840 
Not designated for hedge accounting$423 $441 
As of August 1, 2021, all designated foreign currency forward contracts mature within 18 months. The expected realized gains and losses deferred into accumulated other comprehensive income or loss related to foreign currency forward contracts within the next 12 months was not significant.
During the first half of fiscal years 2022 and 2021, the impact of derivative financial instruments designated for hedge accounting treatment on other comprehensive income or loss was not significant and all such instruments were determined to be highly effective. Therefore, there were no gains or losses associated with ineffectiveness.

18

NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)


Note 12 - Debt
Long-Term Debt
In June 2021, we issued $1.25 billion of the 0.309% Notes Due 2023, $1.25 billion of the 0.584% Notes Due 2024, $1.25 billion of the 1.55% Notes Due 2028, and $1.25 billion of the 2.00% Notes Due 2031, or collectively, the June 2021 Notes. Interest on the 0.584% Notes Due 2024 is payable on June 14 and December 14 of each year, beginning on December 14, 2021. Interest on all other series of the June 2021 Notes is payable on June 15 and December 15 of each year, beginning on December 15, 2021. We may redeem the June 2021 Notes for cash prior to maturity, upon at least 10 but no more than 60 days prior notice, at redemption prices that include accrued and unpaid interest and a make-whole premium. However, no make-whole premium will be paid for redemptions of the Notes Due 2023 on or after June 15, 2022, the Notes Due 2024 on or after June 14, 2023, the Notes Due 2028 on or after April 15, 2028, or the Notes Due 2031 on or after March 15, 2031. The net proceeds from the June 2021 Notes were $4.98 billion, after deducting debt discount and issuance costs.
In March 2020, we issued $1.50 billion of the 2.85% Notes Due 2030, $1.00 billion of the 3.50% Notes Due 2040, $2.00 billion of the 3.50% Notes Due 2050, and $500 million of the 3.70% Notes Due 2060, or collectively, the March 2020 Notes. Interest on the March 2020 Notes is payable on April 1 and October 1 of each year.
In September 2016, we issued $1.00 billion of the 2.20% Notes Due 2021 and $1.00 billion of the 3.20% Notes Due 2026, or collectively, the September 2016 Notes. Interest on the September 2016 Notes is payable on March 16 and September 16 of each year. On August 16, 2021, we repaid the $1.00 billion of 2.20% Notes Due 2021.
The September 2016 Notes, the March 2020 Notes, and the June 2021 Notes, or collectively, the Notes, are our unsecured senior obligations and rank equally in right of payment with all existing and future unsecured and unsubordinated indebtedness. The Notes are structurally subordinated to the liabilities of our subsidiaries and are effectively subordinated to any secured indebtedness to the extent of the value of the assets securing such indebtedness. All existing and future liabilities of our subsidiaries will be effectively senior to the Notes.
The carrying value of the Notes and the associated interest rates were as follows:
Expected
Remaining Term (years)
Effective
Interest Rate
August 1, 2021January 31, 2021
(In millions)
2.20% Notes Due 20210.12.38%$1,000 $1,000 
0.309% Notes Due 20231.90.41%1,250 — 
0.584% Notes Due 20242.90.66%1,250 — 
3.20% Notes Due 20265.13.31%1,000 1,000 
1.55% Notes Due 20286.91.64%1,250 — 
2.85% Notes Due 20308.72.93%1,500 1,500 
2.00% Notes Due 20319.92.09%1,250 — 
3.50% Notes Due 204018.73.54%1,000 1,000 
3.50% Notes Due 205028.73.54%2,000 2,000 
3.70% Notes Due 206038.73.73%500 500 
Unamortized debt discount and issuance costs(57)(37)
Net carrying amount11,943 6,963 
Less short-term portion(1,000)(999)
Total long-term portion$10,943 $5,964 
As of August 1, 2021, we were in compliance with the required covenants under the Notes.

19

NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)


Credit Facilities
We have a Credit Agreement under which we may borrow up to $575 million for general corporate purposes and can obtain revolving loan commitments up to $425 million. As of August 1, 2021, we had not borrowed any amounts and were in compliance with the required covenants under this agreement. The Credit Agreement expires October 2021.
We have a $575 million commercial paper program to support general corporate purposes. As of August 1, 2021, we had not issued any commercial paper.
Note 13 - Commitments and Contingencies
Purchase Obligations
As of August 1, 2021, we had outstanding inventory purchase and long-term supply commitment obligations totaling $4.79 billion, of which $4.59 billion is expected to occur over the next 12 months and the remaining balance over 36 months. Other purchase obligations totaling $565 million are primarily expected to occur over the next 18 months.
Accrual for Product Warranty Liabilities
The estimated amount of product warranty liabilities was $31 million and $22 million as of August 1, 2021 and January 31, 2021, respectively, and the activities related to the warranty liabilities were not significant.
In connection with certain agreements that we have entered in the past, we have provided indemnities for matters such as tax, product, and employee liabilities. We have included intellectual property indemnification provisions in our technology related agreements with third parties. Maximum potential future payments cannot be estimated because many of these agreements do not have a maximum stated liability. We have not recorded any liability in our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for such indemnifications.
Litigation
Securities Class Action and Derivative Lawsuits
The plaintiffs in the putative securities class action lawsuit, captioned 4:18-cv-07669-HSG, initially filed on December 21, 2018 in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California, and titled In Re NVIDIA Corporation Securities Litigation, filed an amended complaint on May 13, 2020. The amended complaint asserted that NVIDIA and certain NVIDIA executives violated Section 10(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act, and SEC Rule 10b-5, by making materially false or misleading statements related to channel inventory and the impact of cryptocurrency mining on GPU demand between May 10, 2017 and November 14, 2018. Plaintiffs also alleged that the NVIDIA executives who they named as defendants violated Section 20(a) of the Exchange Act. Plaintiffs sought class certification, an award of unspecified compensatory damages, an award of reasonable costs and expenses, including attorneys’ fees and expert fees, and further relief as the Court may deem just and proper. On March 2, 2021, the district court granted NVIDIA’s motion to dismiss the complaint without leave to amend, entered judgment in favor of NVIDIA and closed the case. On August 11, 2021, plaintiffs filed an appeal from judgment in the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, case number 21-15604.
The putative derivative lawsuit pending in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California, captioned 4:19-cv-00341-HSG, initially filed January 18, 2019 and titled In re NVIDIA Corporation Consolidated Derivative Litigation, remains stayed pending resolution of the plaintiffs’ appeal in the In Re NVIDIA Corporation Securities Litigation action. The lawsuit asserts claims for breach of fiduciary duty, unjust enrichment, waste of corporate assets, and violations of Sections 14(a), 10(b), and 20(a) of the Exchange Act based on the dissemination of allegedly false and misleading statements related to channel inventory and the impact of cryptocurrency mining on GPU demand. The plaintiffs are seeking unspecified damages and other relief, including reforms and improvements to NVIDIA’s corporate governance and internal procedures.
The putative derivative actions initially filed September 24, 2019 and pending in the United States District Court for the District of Delaware, Lipchitz v. Huang, et al. (Case No. 1:19-cv-01795-UNA) and Nelson v. Huang, et. al. (Case No. 1:19-cv-01798- UNA), remain stayed pending resolution of the plaintiffs’ appeal in the In Re NVIDIA Corporation Securities Litigation action. The lawsuits assert claims for breach of fiduciary duty, unjust enrichment, insider trading, misappropriation of information, corporate waste and violations of Sections 14(a), 10(b), and 20(a) of the Exchange Act based on the dissemination of allegedly false, and misleading statements related to channel inventory and the impact of
20

NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)


cryptocurrency mining on GPU demand. The plaintiffs seek unspecified damages and other relief, including disgorgement of profits from the sale of NVIDIA stock and unspecified corporate governance measures.
Accounting for Loss Contingencies
As of August 1, 2021, we have not recorded any accrual for contingent liabilities associated with the legal proceedings described above based on our belief that liabilities, while possible, are not probable. Further, except as specifically described above, any possible loss or range of loss in these matters cannot be reasonably estimated at this time. We are engaged in legal actions not described above arising in the ordinary course of business and, while there can be no assurance of favorable outcomes, we believe that the ultimate outcome of these actions will not have a material adverse effect on our operating results, liquidity or financial position.
Note 14 - Shareholders’ Equity 
Capital Return Program 
Beginning August 2004, our Board of Directors authorized us to repurchase our stock.
Through August 1, 2021, we have repurchased an aggregate of 1.04 billion shares under our share repurchase program for a total cost of $7.08 billion. All shares delivered from these repurchases have been placed into treasury stock. As of August 1, 2021, we were authorized, subject to certain specifications, to repurchase additional shares of our common stock up to $7.24 billion through December 2022.
During the second quarter and first half of fiscal year 2022, we paid $100 million and $198 million in cash dividends to our shareholders, respectively.
Note 15 - Segment Information
Our Chief Executive Officer, who is considered to be our chief operating decision maker, or CODM, reviews financial information presented on an operating segment basis for purposes of making decisions and assessing financial performance. Our 2 operating segments are "Graphics" and "Compute & Networking." Our operating segments are equivalent to our reportable segments.
Our Graphics segment includes GeForce GPUs for gaming and PCs, the GeForce NOW game streaming service and related infrastructure, and solutions for gaming platforms; Quadro/NVIDIA RTX GPUs for enterprise design; GRID software for cloud-based visual and virtual computing; and automotive platforms for infotainment systems.
Our Compute & Networking segment includes Data Center platforms and systems for artificial intelligence, or AI, high performance computing, or HPC, and accelerated computing; Mellanox networking and interconnect solutions; automotive AI Cockpit, autonomous driving development agreements, and autonomous vehicle solutions; cryptocurrency mining processors, or CMP; and Jetson for robotics and other embedded platforms.
Operating results by segment include costs or expenses that are directly attributable to each segment, and costs or expenses that are leveraged across our unified architecture and therefore allocated between our 2 segments.
The “All Other” category includes the expenses that our CODM does not assign to either Graphics or Compute & Networking for purposes of making operating decisions or assessing financial performance. The expenses include stock-based compensation expense, corporate infrastructure and support costs, acquisition-related costs, IP-related costs, and other non-recurring charges and benefits that our CODM deems to be enterprise in nature.





21

NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)


Our CODM does not review any information regarding total assets on a reportable segment basis. Depreciation and amortization expense directly attributable to each reportable segment is included in operating results for each segment. However, the CODM does not evaluate depreciation and amortization expense by operating segment and, therefore, it is not separately presented. There is no intersegment revenue. The accounting policies for segment reporting are the same as for our consolidated financial statements. The table below presents details of our reportable segments and the “All Other” category.
 GraphicsCompute & NetworkingAll OtherConsolidated
 (In millions)
Three Months Ended August 1, 2021    
Revenue$3,907 $2,600 $— $6,507 
Operating income (loss)$2,127 $1,034 $(717)$2,444 
Three Months Ended July 26, 2020    
Revenue$2,085 $1,781 $— $3,866 
Operating income (loss)$911 $691 $(951)$651 
Six Months Ended August 1, 2021
Revenue$7,358 $4,810 $— $12,168 
Operating income (loss)$3,913 $1,895 $(1,408)$4,400 
Six Months Ended July 26, 2020
Revenue$3,991 $2,955 $— $6,946 
Operating income (loss)$1,747 $1,142 $(1,262)$1,627 
Three Months EndedSix Months Ended
August 1,
2021
July 26,
2020
August 1,
2021
July 26,
2020
(In millions)
Reconciling items included in "All Other" category:
Stock-based compensation expense$(465)$(374)$(894)$(598)
Acquisition-related and other costs(158)(474)(325)(479)
Unallocated cost of revenue and operating expenses(90)(86)(180)(168)
IP-related costs(4)(17)(9)(17)
Total$(717)$(951)$(1,408)$(1,262)





22

NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)


Revenue by geographic region is allocated to individual countries based on the location to which the products are initially billed even if our customers’ revenue is attributable to end customers that are located in a different location. The following table summarizes information pertaining to our revenue from customers based on the invoicing address by geographic regions:
 Three Months EndedSix Months Ended
August 1,July 26,August 1,July 26,
 2021202020212020
 (In millions)
Revenue:  
Taiwan$1,961 $954 $3,745 $1,766 
China (including Hong Kong)1,720 855 3,111 1,614 
Other Asia Pacific1,047 698 2,048 1,305 
United States996 944 1,764 1,441 
Europe429 240 810 494 
Other countries354 175 690 326 
Total revenue$6,507 $3,866 $12,168 $6,946 
The following table summarizes information pertaining to our revenue by each of the specialized markets we serve:
 Three Months EndedSix Months Ended
August 1,July 26,August 1,July 26,
 2021202020212020
 (In millions)
Revenue:  
Gaming$3,061 $1,654 $5,821 $2,993 
Data Center2,366 1,752 4,414 2,893 
Professional Visualization519 203 891 510 
Automotive152 111 306 266 
OEM and Other409 146 736 284 
Total revenue$6,507 $3,866 $12,168 $6,946 
No customer represented 10% or more of total revenue for the second quarter and first half of fiscal years 2022 or 2021.
One customer represented 13% and 16% of our accounts receivable balance as of August 1, 2021 and January 31, 2021, respectively.
23




ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Forward-Looking Statements 
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, which are subject to the “safe harbor” created by those sections. Forward-looking statements are based on our management’s beliefs and assumptions and on information currently available to our management. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terms such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “could,” “goal,” “would,” “expect,” “plan,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “project,” “predict,” “potential” and similar expressions intended to identify forward-looking statements. Other statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q regarding the potential future impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Company’s business and results of operations are forward-looking statements. These statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors, which may cause our actual results, performance, time frames or achievements to be materially different from any future results, performance, time frames or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements. We discuss many of these risks, uncertainties and other factors in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2021 in greater detail under the heading “Risk Factors” of such reports. Given these risks, uncertainties and other factors, you should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. Also, these forward-looking statements represent our estimates and assumptions only as of the date of this filing. You should read this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q completely and with the understanding that our actual future results may be materially different from what we expect. We hereby qualify our forward-looking statements by these cautionary statements. Except as required by law, we assume no obligation to update these forward-looking statements publicly, or to update the reasons actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements, even if new information becomes available in the future.
All references to “NVIDIA,” “we,” “us,” “our” or the “Company” mean NVIDIA Corporation and its subsidiaries.
NVIDIA, the NVIDIA logo, GeForce, GeForce NOW, GeForce RTX, Mellanox, NVIDIA Base Command, NVIDIA DRIVE, NVIDIA Fleet Command, NVIDIA Omniverse, NVIDIA RTX, Quadro, Quadro RTX and Tensor RT are trademarks and/or registered trademarks of NVIDIA Corporation in the United States and/or other countries. Other company and product names may be trademarks of the respective companies with which they are associated. Features, pricing, availability, and specifications are subject to change without notice.
The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the risk factors set forth in Item 1A. “Risk Factors” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2021 and Part II, Item 1A. “Risk Factors” of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and related Notes thereto, as well as other cautionary statements and risks described elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, before deciding to purchase or sell shares of our common stock.
Overview
Our Company and Our Businesses
NVIDIA pioneered accelerated computing to help solve the most challenging computational problems. Since our original focus on PC graphics, we have expanded to several other large and important computationally intensive fields. Fueled by the sustained demand for exceptional 3D graphics and the scale of the gaming market, NVIDIA has leveraged its GPU architecture to create platforms for scientific computing, AI, data science, autonomous vehicles, or AV, robotics, and augmented and virtual reality, or AR and VR.
Our two operating segments are "Graphics" and "Compute & Networking," as described in Note 15 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
Headquartered in Santa Clara, California, NVIDIA was incorporated in California in April 1993 and reincorporated in Delaware in April 1998.
Recent Developments, Future Objectives and Challenges
Pending Acquisition of Arm Limited
On September 13, 2020, we entered into a Purchase Agreement with Arm and SoftBank for us to acquire, from SoftBank, all allotted and issued ordinary shares of Arm in a transaction valued at $40 billion. We paid the Signing Consideration and will pay upon closing of the acquisition $10 billion in cash and issue to SoftBank 177.5 million shares of our
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common stock, which had an aggregate value of $21.5 billion as of the date of the Purchase Agreement. The transaction includes a potential earn out, which is contingent on the achievement of certain financial performance targets by Arm during the fiscal year ending March 31, 2022. If the financial performance targets are achieved, Softbank can elect to receive either up to an additional $5 billion in cash or up to an additional 41.3 million shares of our common stock. We will issue up to $1.5 billion in restricted stock units to Arm employees after closing. The $2 billion paid upon signing was allocated between advanced consideration for the acquisition of $1.36 billion and the prepayment of intellectual property licenses from Arm of $0.17 billion and royalties of $0.47 billion, both with a 20-year term. The closing of the acquisition is subject to customary closing conditions, including receipt of specified governmental and regulatory consents and approvals and the expiration of any related mandatory waiting period, and Arm's implementation of the reorganization and distribution of Arm’s IoT Services Group and certain other assets and liabilities. We are working through the regulatory process in the United States, the United Kingdom, the European Union, China and other jurisdictions. Although some Arm licensees have expressed concerns or objected to the transaction, and discussions with regulators are taking longer than initially thought, we are confident in the deal rationale and that regulators should recognize the benefits of the acquisition to Arm, its licensees, and the industry. If the Purchase Agreement is terminated under certain circumstances, we will be refunded $1.25 billion of the Signing Consideration. The Signing Consideration was allocated on a fair value basis and any refund of the Signing Consideration will use stated values in the Purchase Agreement.
Demand
Demand for our products is based on many factors, including our product introductions and transitions, competitor announcements, and competing technologies, all of which can impact the timing and amount of our revenue. For example, our GPUs for gaming are capable of digital currency mining. Demand and use of GPUs for cryptocurrency has fluctuated in the past and is likely to continue to change quickly. Volatility in the cryptocurrency market, including changes in the prices of cryptocurrencies, can impact demand for our products and our ability to estimate demand for our products. Changes to cryptocurrency standards and processes including, but not limited to, the pending Ethereum 2.0 standard may also create increased aftermarket resales of our GPUs, impact retail prices for our GPUs, increase returns of our products in the distribution channel, and may reduce demand for our new GPUs. Government cryptocurrency policies and regulations may also impact the demand for our products. We have introduced Low Hash Rate, or LHR, GeForce GPUs with limited Ethereum mining capability and increased the supply of CMP in an effort to direct GeForce to gamers and CMP to miners. During the second quarter of fiscal year 2022, over 80% of our Ampere architecture-based GeForce GPU shipments in the quarter were LHR GPUs. Additionally, consumer behavior during the COVID-19 pandemic has made it more difficult for us to estimate future demand, and these challenges may be more pronounced or volatile in the future on both a global and regional basis if and when the effects of the pandemic subside. In estimating demand and evaluating trends, we make multiple assumptions, any of which may prove to be incorrect.
Supply
Our products are manufactured based on estimates of customers’ future demand and our manufacturing lead times are very long. We sell many of our products through a channel model, and our channel customers sell to retailers, distributors, and/or end customers. As a result, the decisions made by our channel partners, retailers, and distributors in response to changing market conditions and the changing demand for our products could impact our financial results. To have shorter shipment lead times and quicker delivery schedules for our customers, we may build inventory for anticipated periods of growth which do not occur, may build inventory anticipating demand that does not materialize, or may build inventory to serve what we believe is pent-up demand. We may remain supply-constrained beyond the end of the second half of fiscal year 2022. We have placed non-cancellable inventory orders for certain products in advance of our normal lead times, paid premiums and provided deposits to secure normal and incremental future supply and capacity and may need to continue to do so in the future.
COVID-19
The worldwide COVID-19 pandemic has caused governments and businesses to take unprecedented measures including restrictions on travel, temporary business closures, quarantines and shelter-in-place orders. It has significantly impacted global economic activity and caused volatility and disruption in global financial markets. Some regions are easing COVID-19 related restrictions; however, most of our employees continue to work remotely and we continue to temporarily prohibit most business travel.
The COVID-19 pandemic continues to evolve and affect our business and financial results. During the second quarter of fiscal 2022, our Gaming and Data Center market platforms have benefited from stronger demand as people continue to work, learn, and play from home. As our own offices begin to reopen, we expect to incur incremental expenses as we resume onsite services and related in-office costs.
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As the COVID-19 pandemic continues, the timing and overall demand from customers and the availability of supply chain, logistical services and component supply may have a material net negative impact on our business and financial results. Refer to Part II, Item 1A of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for additional information under the heading “Risk Factors.”
We believe our existing balances of cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities, along with commercial paper and other short-term liquidity arrangements, will be sufficient to satisfy our working capital needs, capital asset purchases, dividends, debt repayments and other liquidity requirements associated with our existing operations.
Second Quarter of Fiscal Year 2022 Summary
Three Months Ended
 August 1, 2021May 2, 2021July 26, 2020Quarter-over-Quarter ChangeYear-over-Year Change
($ in millions, except per share data)
Revenue$6,507 $5,661 $3,866 15 %68 %
Gross margin64.8 %64.1 %58.8 %70 bps600 bps
Operating expenses$1,771 $1,673 $1,624 %%
Income from operations$2,444 $1,956 $651 25 %275 %
Net income$2,374 $1,912 $622 24 %282 %
Net income per diluted share$0.94 $0.76 $0.25 24 %276 %
We specialize in markets where our computing platforms can provide tremendous acceleration for applications. These platforms incorporate processors, interconnects, software, algorithms, systems, and services to deliver unique value. Our platforms address four large markets where our expertise is critical: Gaming, Data Center, Professional Visualization, and Automotive.
Revenue for the second quarter of fiscal year 2022 was $6.51 billion, up 68% from a year earlier.
Gaming revenue was up 85% from a year ago and up 11% sequentially, reflecting higher sales in GeForce GPUs and game-console SOCs. We continued to benefit from strong sales of our GeForce RTX 30 Series based on the NVIDIA Ampere architecture. We have introduced LHR GeForce GPUs with limited Ethereum mining capability and increased the supply of CMP in an effort to direct GeForce to gamers and CMP to miners. Over 80% of our Ampere architecture-based GeForce GPU shipments in the quarter were LHR GPUs. CMP is included in OEM.
Data Center revenue was up 35% from a year ago and up 16% sequentially. The year-on-year growth was led by the ramp of NVIDIA Ampere architecture products into vertical industries and hyperscale customers, including strong growth in inference. Sequentially, growth stemmed from both compute and networking products, led by hyperscale customers.
Professional Visualization revenue was up 156% from a year earlier and up 40% sequentially, driven by the ramp of NVIDIA Ampere architecture GPUs, with growth led by desktop workstation GPUs.
Automotive revenue was up 37% from a year earlier and down 1% sequentially. The year-on-year increase was due to the recovery in automotive demand which was impacted by the pandemic in the prior year.
OEM and Other revenue was up 180% from a year ago and up 25% sequentially, primarily reflecting growth in CMP, which generated revenue of $266 million.
GAAP gross margin for the second quarter was up 600 basis points from a year earlier, primarily due to a non-recurring inventory step-up expense of $161 million related to the Mellanox acquisition in the second quarter of fiscal year 2021. GAAP gross margin was up 70 basis points sequentially.
Operating expenses for the second quarter were up 9% from a year earlier and up 6% sequentially. The year-on-year and sequential increases were primarily driven by compensation-related costs largely relating to employee growth. The year-on-year increase also reflects growth of infrastructure costs.
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Income from operations was $2.44 billion, up 275% from a year earlier and up 25% sequentially. Net income was $2.37 billion. Net income per diluted share was $0.94, up 276% from a year earlier and up 24% sequentially.
Cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities were $19.65 billion, up from $10.98 billion a year earlier and up from $12.67 billion in the prior quarter. The year-on-year and sequential increases reflect $5 billion of debt issuance proceeds and operating cash flow generation.
We paid $100 million in quarterly cash dividends in the second quarter.
Market Platform Highlights
During the second quarter of fiscal year 2022, in our Gaming platform, we introduced GeForce RTX 3080 Ti and GeForce RTX 3070 Ti; announced that NVIDIA RTX is featured in 130+ games and applications; announced that NVIDIA Reflex is supported in 20 games, including top e-sports titles; and announced that GeForce NOW gives members access to more than 1,000 PC games.
In our Data Center platform, we unveiled NVIDIA Base Command and Fleet Command; established the AI LaunchPad hybrid-cloud partner program to offer enterprises instant access to NVIDIA AI infrastructure and software; and announced that NVIDIA technology supports 342 supercomputers on the latest TOP500 list, including 70% of all new systems and 8 of the top 10, and powers 35 of the top 40 greenest systems.
In our Professional Visualization platform, we expanded NVIDIA Omniverse through new integrations with Blender and Adobe, and launched the NVIDIA RTX A2000.
In our Automotive platform, we announced design wins with robotaxi startup AutoX and autonomous trucking platform startup Embark, and collaborated with autonomous trucking company Plus on plans to provide Amazon with at least 1,000 self-driving systems, which are powered by NVIDIA DRIVE.
Financial Information by Business Segment and Geographic Data
Refer to Note 15 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for disclosure regarding segment information.

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Results of Operations
The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, certain items in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income expressed as a percentage of revenue.
 Three Months EndedSix Months Ended
 August 1,
2021
July 26,
2020
August 1,
2021
July 26,
2020
Revenue100.0 %100.0 %100.0 %100.0 %
     Cost of revenue35.2 41.2 35.5 38.4 
Gross profit64.8 58.8 64.5 61.6 
Operating expenses   
     Research and development19.1 25.8 19.7 24.9 
     Sales, general and administrative8.1 16.2 8.6 13.3 
Total operating expenses27.2 42.0 28.3 38.2 
Income from operations37.6 16.8 36.2 23.4 
     Interest income0.1 0.3 0.1 0.6 
     Interest expense(0.9)(1.4)(0.9)(1.1)
     Other, net0.1 — 1.1 — 
Other income (expense), net(0.7)(1.1)0.3 (0.5)
Income before income tax36.9 15.7 36.5 22.9 
Income tax expense (benefit)0.3 (0.3)1.3 0.7 
Net income36.6 %16.0 %35.2 %22.2 %
Revenue
Revenue by Reportable Segments
Three Months EndedSix Months Ended
 August 1,
2021
July 26,
2020
$
Change
%
Change
August 1,
2021
July 26,
2020
$
Change
%
Change
 ($ in millions)
Graphics$3,907 $2,085 $1,822 87 %$7,358 $3,991 $3,367 84 %
Compute & Networking2,600 1,781 819 46 %4,810 2,955 1,855 63 %
Total$6,507 $3,866 $2,641 68 %$12,168 $6,946 $5,222 75 %
Graphics - Graphics segment revenue increased 87% in the second quarter of fiscal year 2022 compared to the second quarter of fiscal year 2021 and 84% in the first half of fiscal year 2022 compared to the first half of fiscal year 2021, reflecting growth in GeForce GPUs which benefited from the introduction of new products of our GeForce RTX 30 Series for both desktop and laptops based on the NVIDIA Ampere architecture. Additionally, revenue increased from higher sales of NVIDIA RTX workstations and game console SOCs.
Compute & Networking - Compute & Networking segment revenue increased 46% for the second quarter of fiscal year 2022 compared to the second quarter of fiscal year 2021 and 63% in the first half of fiscal year 2022 compared to the first half of fiscal year 2021. Revenue increased due to the ramp of NVIDIA Ampere GPU architecture products into vertical industries and hyperscale customers, including growth in inference. The addition of CMP products for cryptocurrency mining also drove revenue growth. The increase in the first half of fiscal year 2022 also reflects the addition of Mellanox, which we acquired on April 27, 2020.


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Concentration of Revenue 
Revenue from sales to customers outside of the United States accounted for 85% and 86% of total revenue for the second quarter and first half of fiscal year 2022, respectively, and 76% and 79% of total revenue for the second quarter and first half of fiscal year 2021, respectively. Revenue by geographic region is allocated to individual countries based on the location to which the products are initially billed even if the revenue is attributable to end customers in a different location.
No customer represented 10% or more of total revenue for the second quarter and first half of fiscal years 2022 or 2021.
Gross Margin
Our overall gross margin increased to 64.8% and 64.5% for the second quarter and first half of fiscal year 2022, respectively, from 58.8% and 61.6% for the second quarter and first half of fiscal year 2021, respectively. These increases are primarily due to the absence of a non-recurring inventory step-up expense of $161 million related to the Mellanox acquisition and higher ASPs within desktop GeForce GPUs with continued growth in high-end Ampere architecture products, partially offset by a mix shift within the Compute & Networking segment.
Inventory provisions totaled $73 million and $45 million for the second quarter of fiscal years 2022 and 2021, respectively. Sales of inventory that was previously written-off or -down totaled $20 million and $49 million for the second quarter of fiscal years 2022 and 2021, respectively. As a result, the overall net effect on our gross margin was an unfavorable impact of 0.8% and insignificant in the second quarter of fiscal years 2022 and 2021, respectively.
Inventory provisions totaled $131 million and $81 million for the first half of fiscal years 2022 and 2021, respectively. Sales of inventory that was previously written-off or -down totaled $41 million and $88 million for the first half of fiscal years 2022 and 2021, respectively. As a result, the overall net effect on our gross margin was an unfavorable impact of 0.7% and insignificant in the first half of fiscal years 2022 and 2021, respectively.
A discussion of our gross margin results for each of our reportable segments is as follows:
Graphics - The gross margin of our Graphics segment increased during the second quarter and first half of fiscal year 2022 compared to the second quarter and first half of fiscal year 2021, primarily driven by higher ASPs within desktop GeForce GPUs with continued growth in high-end Ampere architecture products.
Compute & Networking - The gross margin of our Compute & Networking segment decreased during the second quarter and first half of fiscal year 2022 compared to the second quarter and first half of fiscal year 2021, primarily driven by a shift in product mix.
Operating Expenses
 Three Months EndedSix Months Ended
 August 1,
2021
July 26,
2020
$
Change
%
Change
August 1,
2021
July 26,
2020
$
Change
%
Change
 ($ in millions)
Research and development expenses$1,245 $997 $248 25 %$2,398 $1,732 $666 38 %
% of net revenue19 %26 %20 %25 %
Sales, general and administrative expenses526 627 (101)(16)%1,046 920 126 14 %
% of net revenue%16 %%13 %
Total operating expenses$1,771 $1,624 $147 %$3,444 $2,652 $792 30 %
Research and Development
Research and development expenses increased by 25% during the second quarter of fiscal year 2022 compared to the second quarter of fiscal year 2021, primarily driven by employee additions and higher employee compensation, including stock-based compensation and infrastructure costs.
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Research and development expenses increased by 38% during the first half of fiscal year 2022 compared to the first half of fiscal year 2021, primarily driven by employee additions and higher employee compensation, including stock-based compensation and infrastructure costs, and the acquisition of Mellanox.
Sales, General and Administrative
Sales, general and administrative expenses decreased by 16% during the second quarter of fiscal year 2022 compared to the second quarter of fiscal year 2021, primarily driven by lower amortization of intangible assets, partially offset by the impact of employee additions and higher employee compensation, including stock-based compensation, and costs related to the pending acquisition of Arm.
Sales, general and administrative expenses increased by 14% during the first half of fiscal year 2022 compared to the first half of fiscal year 2021, primarily driven by employee additions and higher employee compensation, including stock-based compensation, the acquisition of Mellanox, and costs related to the pending acquisition of Arm, partially offset by lower amortization of intangible assets.
Other Income (Expense), Net
Interest income consists of interest earned on cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities. Interest income was $6 million and $13 million during the second quarter of fiscal years 2022 and 2021, respectively, and $13 million and $44 million during the first half of fiscal years 2022 and 2021, respectively. The decrease in interest income was primarily due to lower interest rates earned on our investments.
Interest expense is primarily comprised of coupon interest and debt discount amortization related to our September 2016 Notes, March 2020 Notes, and June 2021 Notes. Interest expense was $60 million and $54 million during the second quarter of fiscal years 2022 and 2021, respectively, and $113 million and $78 million during the first half of fiscal years 2022 and 2021, respectively.
Other, net, consists primarily of realized or unrealized gains and losses from non-affiliated and equity investments and the impact of changes in foreign currency rates. Other, net, was an income of $4 million and $138 million during the second quarter and first half of fiscal year 2022, respectively, and not significant during the second quarter and first half of fiscal year 2021. The increase during the first half of fiscal year 2022 was primarily due to an unrealized gain from an equity investment. Refer to Note 8 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information regarding our equity investment.
Income Taxes
We recognized an income tax expense of $20 million and $153 million for the second quarter and first half of fiscal year 2022, respectively, and an income tax benefit of $13 million and an income tax expense of $52 million for the second quarter and first half of fiscal year 2021, respectively. The income tax expense as a percentage of income before income tax was 0.9% and 3.4% for the second quarter and first half of fiscal year 2022, respectively, and 3.3% for the first half of fiscal year 2021. The income tax benefit as a percentage of income before income tax was 2.0% for the second quarter of fiscal year 2021.
The increase in our effective tax rate for the second quarter and first half of fiscal year 2022 as compared to the same periods of fiscal year 2021 was primarily due to a decreased impact of tax benefits from stock-based compensation and the U.S. federal research tax credit, and an increase in the amount of earnings subject to U.S. tax, partially offset by the discrete benefit of the Domestication. Refer to Note 6 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for further information, including the Domestication.
Liquidity and Capital Resources 
 August 1, 2021January 31, 2021
 (In millions)
Cash and cash equivalents$5,628 $847 
Marketable securities14,026 10,714 
Cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities$19,654 $11,561 
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 Six Months Ended
August 1, 2021July 26, 2020
 (In millions)
Net cash provided by operating activities$4,556 $2,476 
Net cash used in investing activities$(3,805)$(14,545)
Net cash provided by financing activities$4,030 $4,447 
As of August 1, 2021, we had $19.65 billion in cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities, an increase of $8.09 billion from the end of fiscal year 2021. Our investment policy requires the purchase of highly rated fixed income securities, the diversification of investment types and credit exposures, and certain maturity limits on our portfolio.
Cash provided by operating activities increased in the first half of fiscal year 2022 compared to the first half of fiscal year 2021, due to higher net income, partially offset by changes in working capital. Changes in working capital include increases in outstanding trade receivables due to higher revenue and decreased shipment linearity.
Cash used in investing activities decreased in the first half of fiscal year 2022 compared to cash used in the first half of fiscal year 2021, primarily driven by the acquisition of Mellanox in the second quarter of fiscal year 2021 and higher sales and maturities of marketable securities, partially offset by higher purchases of marketable securities and higher purchases of property and equipment and intangible assets.
Cash provided by financing activities decreased in the first half of fiscal year 2022 compared to cash provided in the first half of fiscal year 2021, which primarily reflects higher payments related to tax on restricted stock units.
Liquidity
Our primary sources of liquidity are our cash and cash equivalents, our marketable securities, and the cash generated by our operations. As of August 1, 2021, we had $19.65 billion in cash, cash equivalents, and marketable securities. Our marketable securities consist of certificates of deposits and debt securities issued by the U.S. government and its agencies, highly rated corporations and financial institutions, and foreign government entities. These marketable securities are primarily denominated in U.S. dollars. Refer to Note 7 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information. We believe that we have sufficient liquidity to meet our operating requirements for at least the next 12 months, and for the foreseeable future, including our proposed acquisition of Arm and current and future obligations to secure normal and incremental supply and capacity. We continuously evaluate our liquidity and capital resources, including our access to external capital, to ensure we can finance our future capital requirements.
We have approximately $1.8 billion of cash, cash equivalents, and marketable securities held outside the U.S. for which we have not accrued any related foreign or state taxes if we repatriate these amounts to the U.S. Other than that, substantially all of our cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities held outside of the U.S. as of August 1, 2021 are available for use in the U.S. without incurring additional U.S. federal income taxes. Following the Domestication, we expect to fully utilize our accumulated U.S. federal research tax credits during fiscal year 2022, resulting in higher cash tax payments starting in fiscal year 2023.
Capital Return to Shareholders
In the first half of fiscal year 2022, we paid $198 million in quarterly cash dividends. Our cash dividend program and the payment of future cash dividends under that program are subject to the continuing determination by our Board of Directors that the dividend program and the declaration of dividends thereunder are in the best interests of our shareholders.
As of August 1, 2021, we were authorized, subject to certain specifications, to repurchase additional shares of our common stock up to $7.24 billion through December 2022. We did not repurchase any shares during the first half of fiscal year 2022.
Outstanding Indebtedness and Credit Facilities
As of August 1, 2021, we had outstanding:
$1.00 billion of Notes Due 2021;
$1.25 billion of Notes Due 2023;
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$1.25 billion of Notes Due 2024;
$1.00 billion of Notes Due 2026;
$1.25 billion of Notes Due 2028;
$1.50 billion of Notes Due 2030;
$1.25 billion of Notes Due 2031;
$1.00 billion of Notes Due 2040;
$2.00 billion of Notes Due 2050; and
$500 million of Notes Due 2060.
On August 16, 2021, we repaid the $1.00 billion of 2.20% Notes Due 2021.
We have a Credit Agreement under which we may borrow up to $575 million for general corporate purposes and can obtain revolving loan commitments up to $425 million. As of August 1, 2021, we had not borrowed any amounts under this agreement. The Credit Agreement expires October 2021.
We have a $575 million commercial paper program to support general corporate purposes. As of August 1, 2021, we had not issued any commercial paper.
Contractual Obligations
There were no material changes outside the ordinary course of business in our contractual obligations from those disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2021. Refer to Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations - Liquidity and Capital Resources” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2021 for a description of our contractual obligations. For a description of our operating lease obligations, long-term debt, and purchase obligations, refer to Note 3, Note 12, and Note 13 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, respectively.
Adoption of New and Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
Refer to Note 1 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for a discussion of adoption of new and recently issued accounting pronouncements.
ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
Investment and Interest Rate Risk
Financial market risks related to investment and interest rate risk are described in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2021. As of August 1, 2021, there have been no material changes, including the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, to the financial market risks described as of January 31, 2021.
Foreign Exchange Rate Risk
The impact of foreign currency transactions related to foreign exchange rate risk is described in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2021. As of August 1, 2021, there have been no material changes, including the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, to the foreign exchange rate risks described as of January 31, 2021.
Refer to Note 11 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.
ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
Controls and Procedures
Disclosure Controls and Procedures
Based on their evaluation as of August 1, 2021, our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, has concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended) were effective to provide reasonable assurance.

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Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting during the second quarter of fiscal year 2022 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
Inherent Limitations on Effectiveness of Controls
Our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, does not expect that our disclosure controls and procedures or our internal controls, will prevent all error and all fraud. A control system, no matter how well conceived and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the objectives of the control system are met. Further, the design of a control system must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints, and the benefits of controls must be considered relative to their costs. Because of the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, within NVIDIA have been detected.
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
Refer to Part I, Item 1, Note 13 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for a discussion of significant developments in our legal proceedings since January 31, 2021. Also refer to Item 3, “Legal Proceedings” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2021 for a prior discussion of our legal proceedings.
ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS
Other than the risk factors listed below, there have been no material changes from the risk factors previously described under Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2021 and Item 1A of our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended May 2, 2021.
Before you buy our common stock, you should know that making such an investment involves some risks including, but not limited to, the risks described in Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2021 and Item 1A of our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended May 2, 2021. Additionally, any one of those risks could harm our business, financial condition and results of operations, which could cause our stock price to decline. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we currently deem immaterial may also impair our business operations.
The COVID-19 pandemic continues to impact our business and could materially adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.
COVID-19 has spread worldwide, resulting in government authorities implementing numerous measures to try to contain the disease, such as travel bans and restrictions, quarantines, shelter-in-place orders and shutdowns. These measures have impacted, and may further impact, our workforce and operations, the operations of our customers and our partners, and those of our respective vendors and suppliers (including our subcontractors and third-party contract manufacturers). Our critical business operations, including our headquarters, most of our finished goods inventory and many of our key suppliers, are located in regions which have been impacted by COVID-19. Our customers and suppliers worldwide have also been affected and may continue to be affected by COVID-19 related restrictions and closures.
The COVID-19 pandemic continues to evolve and affect our business and financial results and it has increased the duration and impact of economic and demand uncertainty.
In some regions, markets, or industries, where COVID-19 has driven an increase in sales for our products, the demand may not be sustainable if conditions change. The reopening of offices may also generate demand for our products that may be temporary. Additionally, stronger demand globally has limited the availability of capacity and components in our supply chain, particularly in Gaming, which could cause us to order an excess amount if demand changes, pay higher prices, or limit our ability to obtain supply at necessary levels or at all. As the COVID-19 pandemic continues, the timing and overall demand from customers and the availability of supply chain, logistical services and component supply may have a material net negative impact on our business and financial results.
The manufacture of product components, the final assembly of our products and other critical operations are concentrated in certain geographic locations, including Taiwan, China, Hong Kong, Israel and Korea. A significant portion of our finished goods product distribution occurs through Hong Kong, Israel and Taiwan. Additionally, our headquarters
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is in California. Each of these countries and locations has been affected by the pandemic and has taken measures to try to contain it, including restrictions on manufacturing facilities, commerce, travel, on our support operations or workforce, or on our customers, partners, vendors and suppliers. There is considerable uncertainty regarding the impact of such measures and potential future measures. Such measures, as well as restrictions on or disruptions of transportation, such as reduced availability or increased cost of air transport, port closures and increased border controls or closures, could limit our capacity to meet customer demand and have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.
The spread of COVID-19 has caused us to modify our business practices (including employee travel, mandatory work-from-home policies and cancellation of physical participation in meetings, events and conferences), and we may take further actions as required by government authorities and regulations or that we determine are in the best interests of our employees, customers, partners and suppliers. Some regions are easing COVID-19 related restrictions; however, most of our employees continue to work remotely and we continue to temporarily prohibit most business travel. There is no certainty that such measures will be sufficient to mitigate the risks posed by the disease, and our ability to perform critical functions could be harmed. As our offices begin to reopen, we expect to incur incremental expenses as we resume onsite services and related in-office costs, which could adversely impact our results of operations.
While the extent and duration of the COVID-19 pandemic on the global economy and our business is difficult to assess or predict, the pandemic has resulted in, and may continue to result in, significant disruption of global financial markets, which may reduce our ability to access capital or our customers’ ability to pay us for past or future purchases, which could negatively affect our liquidity. A recession or financial market correction resulting from the lack of containment and spread of COVID-19 could impact overall technology spending, adversely affecting demand for our products, our business and the value of our common stock.
The ultimate impact of the COVID-19 pandemic or a similar health epidemic is highly uncertain and subject to change. The extent of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our operational and financial performance, including our ability to execute our business strategies and initiatives in the expected time frame, will depend on future developments, including, but not limited to, the duration and continued spread of the pandemic, its severity, the emergence and spread of new and more contagious or deadly variants or mutant strains of the COVID-19 virus that may render vaccines ineffective or decrease their efficacy, the future spikes of COVID-19 infections or the existence of any additional waves of the COVID-19 pandemic and the severity of breakthrough cases, the actions to contain the disease or treat its impact, the development, distribution, availability and widespread acceptance of effective vaccines or other treatments and the timing of vaccine rollouts and herd immunity globally, further related restrictions on travel, and the duration, timing and severity of the impact on customer spending, including any recession resulting from the pandemic, all of which are uncertain and cannot be predicted. An extended period of global supply chain and economic disruption as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic could have a material negative impact on our business, results of operations, access to sources of liquidity and financial condition, though the full extent and duration is uncertain.
Our indebtedness could adversely affect our financial position and cash flows from operations, and prevent us from implementing our strategy or fulfilling our contractual obligations.
As of August 1, 2021, we had outstanding a total of $12 billion in notes due between 2021 and 2060. As each series of senior notes matures, unless earlier redeemed or repurchased, we may have to expend significant resources to either repay or refinance notes. If we decide to refinance the notes, we may be required to do so on different or less favorable terms or we may be unable to refinance the notes at all, both of which may adversely affect our financial condition. We also have entered into a credit agreement that expires in October 2021 under which we may borrow up to $575 million and, subject to obtaining new commitments from lenders under the credit agreement, may borrow up to an additional $425 million under revolving loan commitments. We also have a $575 million commercial paper program. As of August 1, 2021, we had not borrowed any amounts under the credit agreement or issued any commercial paper. Maintenance of our indebtedness, contractual restrictions, and additional issuances of indebtedness could:
cause us to dedicate a substantial portion of our cash flows from operations towards debt service obligations and principal repayments;
increase our vulnerability to adverse changes in general economic, industry and competitive conditions;
limit our flexibility in planning for, or reacting to, changes in our business and our industry;
impair our ability to obtain future financing for working capital, capital expenditures, acquisitions, general corporate or other purposes; and
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due to limitations within the debt instruments, restrict our ability to grant liens on property, enter into certain mergers, dispose of all or substantially all of the assets of us and our subsidiaries, taken as a whole, materially change our business or incur subsidiary indebtedness, subject to customary exceptions.
We are required to comply with the covenants set forth in our indenture and credit agreement. Our ability to comply with these covenants may be affected by events beyond our control. If we breach any of the covenants and do not obtain a waiver from the note holders or lenders, then, subject to applicable cure periods, any outstanding indebtedness may be declared immediately due and payable. In addition, changes by any rating agency to our credit rating may negatively impact the value and liquidity of our securities, could restrict our ability to obtain additional financing in the future and could affect the terms of any such financing.
We may not be able to realize the potential financial or strategic benefits of business acquisitions or investments, including the Mellanox acquisition and the planned Arm acquisition, and we may not be able to successfully integrate acquisition targets, which could hurt our ability to grow our business, develop new products or sell our products.
We hold and may in the future hold investments in publicly traded companies which could create volatility in our results and may generate losses up to the value of the investment. We have in the past acquired and invested in, and may continue to acquire and invest in, other businesses that offer products, services and technologies that we believe will help expand or enhance our existing products, strategic objectives and business. We completed our acquisition of Mellanox for approximately $7 billion in April 2020. In September 2020, we announced our agreement to acquire all allotted and issued ordinary shares of Arm in a transaction valued at $40 billion. We are working through the regulatory process in the United States, the United Kingdom, the European Union, China and other jurisdictions. Discussions with regulators are taking longer than initially thought and it is it is difficult to predict when the regulatory process will conclude. If the Purchase Agreement is terminated under certain circumstances, we will be refunded $1.25 billion of the Signing Consideration.
The Mellanox acquisition, the planned Arm acquisition and future acquisitions or investments involve significant challenges and risks, and could impair our ability to grow our business, develop new products or sell our products, and ultimately could have a negative impact on our growth or our financial results. Given that our resources are limited, our decision to pursue a transaction has opportunity costs; accordingly, if we pursue a particular transaction, we may need to forgo the prospect of entering into other transactions that could help us achieve our strategic objectives. Furthermore, if we are unable to complete acquisitions in a timely manner, including due to delays in obtaining regulatory approvals, such as with respect to the planned Arm acquisition, we may be unable to pursue other transactions, we may not be able to retain critical talent from the target company, technology may evolve, making the acquisition less attractive, and other changes can take place which could jeopardize or reduce the anticipated benefits of the transaction and negatively impact our business. In addition, we have made and may in the future make strategic investments in private companies and may not realize a return on our investments. Additional risks related to the Mellanox acquisition, the planned Arm acquisition and other acquisitions or strategic investments include, but are not limited to:
difficulty in combining the technology, products, or operations of the acquired business with our business;
difficulty in integrating and retaining the acquired workforce, including key employees;
diversion of capital and other resources, including management’s attention;
assumption of liabilities and incurring amortization expenses, impairment charges to goodwill or write-downs of acquired assets;
integrating financial forecasting and controls, procedures and reporting cycles;
coordinating and integrating operations in countries in which we have not previously operated;
acquiring business challenges and risks, including, but not limited to, disputes with management and integrating international operations and joint ventures;
difficulty in realizing a satisfactory return, if any return at all;
difficulty in obtaining or inability to obtain governmental and regulatory consents and approvals, other approvals or financing;
the potential impact of with complying with governmental or other regulatory restrictions placed on an acquisition;
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the potential impact on our stock price and financial results if we are unable to obtain regulatory approval for an acquisition, are required to pay reverse breakup fees or are otherwise unable to close an acquisition;
failure and costs associated with the failure to consummate a proposed acquisition or other strategic investment;
legal proceedings initiated as a result of an acquisition or investment;
the potential for our acquisitions to result in dilutive issuances of our equity securities;
the potential variability of the amount and form of any performance-based consideration;
uncertainties and time needed to realize the benefits of an acquisition or strategic investment, if at all;
negative changes in general economic conditions in the regions or the industries in which we or our target operate;
the need to determine an alternative strategy if an acquisition does not meet our expectations;
potential failure of our due diligence processes to identify significant issues with the acquired assets or company; and
impairment of relationships with, or loss of our or our target’s employees, vendors and customers, as a result of our acquisition or investment.
System security and data protection breaches, as well as cyber-attacks, could disrupt our operations, reduce our expected revenue and increase our expenses, which could adversely affect our stock price and damage our reputation.
Security breaches, computer malware, phishing, and cyber-attacks have become more prevalent and sophisticated in recent years. These threats are constantly evolving, making it increasingly difficult to successfully defend against them or implement adequate preventative measures. These attacks have occurred on our systems in the past and are expected to occur in the future. Experienced computer programmers, hackers and employees may penetrate our security controls and misappropriate or compromise our confidential information, or that of our employees or third parties. These attacks may create system disruptions or cause shutdowns. These hackers may also develop and deploy viruses, worms and other malicious software programs that attack or otherwise exploit security vulnerabilities in our products, including consumer and automotive products, where we utilize over-the-air updates to improve functionality over time. For portions of our IT infrastructure, including business management and communication software products, we rely on products and services provided by third parties. These providers may also experience breaches and attacks to their products which may impact our systems. For example, in 2020, SolarWinds Inc., one of our third party software service providers, was subject to a data security breach. We have completed our investigations of this breach, which were supported by a third party expert, and concluded that there was no adverse impact to NVIDIA. Data security breaches may also result from non-technical means, such as actions by an employee with access to our systems. To defend against security threats, both to our internal systems and those of our customers, we must continuously engineer more secure products and enhance security and reliability features, which may result in increased expenses. We must also continue to develop security measures within NVIDIA, ensure our suppliers have appropriate security measures in place, and continue to meet the evolving security requirements of our customers or our business could be negatively impacted.
Actual or perceived breaches of our security measures or the accidental loss, inadvertent disclosure or unapproved dissemination of proprietary information or sensitive or confidential data about us, our partners, our customers or third parties could expose us and the parties affected to a risk of loss or misuse of this information, resulting in litigation and potential liability, paying damages, regulatory inquiries or actions, damage to our brand and reputation or other harm to our business. Our efforts to prevent and overcome these challenges could increase our expenses and may not be successful. We may experience interruptions, delays, cessation of service and loss of existing or potential customers. Such disruptions could adversely impact our ability to fulfill orders and interrupt other critical functions. Delayed sales, lower margins or lost customers as a result of these disruptions could adversely affect our financial results, stock price and reputation.

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ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
Beginning August 2004, our Board of Directors authorized us to repurchase our stock.
Since the inception of our share repurchase program, we have repurchased an aggregate of 1.04 billion shares for a total cost of $7.08 billion through August 1, 2021. All shares delivered from these repurchases have been placed into treasury stock.
The repurchases can be made in the open market, in privately negotiated transactions, or in structured share repurchase programs, and can be made in one or more larger repurchases, in compliance with Rule 10b-18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, subject to market conditions, applicable legal requirements, and other factors. The program does not obligate NVIDIA to acquire any particular amount of common stock and the program may be suspended at any time at our discretion.
In the first half of fiscal year 2022, we paid $198 million in quarterly cash dividends. As of August 1, 2021, we were authorized, subject to certain specifications, to repurchase additional shares of our common stock up to $7.24 billion through December 2022. We did not repurchase any shares during the first half of fiscal year 2022.
Restricted Stock Unit Share Withholding
We also withhold common stock shares associated with net share settlements to cover tax withholding obligations upon the vesting of restricted stock unit awards under our employee equity incentive program. During the second quarter of fiscal year 2022, we withheld approximately 2 million shares at a total cost of $362 million through net share settlements. During the first half of fiscal year 2022, we withheld approximately 5 million shares at a total cost of $848 million through net share settlements.
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ITEM 6. EXHIBITS
Exhibit No. Exhibit DescriptionSchedule
/Form
File NumberExhibitFiling Date
3.18-K000-239853.16/7/2021
4.18-K000-239854.26/16/2021
4.28-K000-23985Annex A-1 to Exhibit 4.26/16/2021
4.38-K000-23985Annex B-1 to Exhibit 4.26/16/2021
4.48-K000-23985Annex C-1 to Exhibit 4.26/16/2021
4.58-K000-23985Annex D-1 to Exhibit 4.26/16/2021
10.1**+
10.2**+
31.1**
31.2**
32.1#**
32.2#**
101.INS**Inline XBRL Instance Document - the instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document.
101.SCH**Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CAL**Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.DEF**Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
101.LAB**Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Labels Linkbase Document
101.PRE**Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
104Cover Page Interactive Data File - the cover page interactive data file does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document.
** Filed herewith.
+ Management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement.
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# In accordance with Item 601(b)(32)(ii) of Regulation S-K and SEC Release Nos. 33-8238 and 34-47986, Final Rule: Management's Reports on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting and Certification of Disclosure in Exchange Act Periodic Reports, the certifications furnished in Exhibits 32.1 and 32.2 hereto are deemed to accompany this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and will not be deemed “filed” for purpose of Section 18 of the Exchange Act. Such certifications will not be deemed to be incorporated by reference into any filing under the Securities Act or the Exchange Act, except to the extent that the registrant specifically incorporates it by reference.
Copies of above exhibits not contained herein are available to any shareholder upon written request to:
Investor Relations: NVIDIA Corporation, 2788 San Tomas Expressway, Santa Clara, CA 95051.
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SIGNATURE
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
Date: August 20, 2021
 NVIDIA Corporation 
By:   /s/ Colette M. Kress
 Colette M. Kress
 Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer (Duly Authorized Officer and Principal Financial Officer)

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