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AVA Avista

Filed: 3 Aug 21, 8:00pm

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

Form 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

 

 

FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED June 30, 2021 OR

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

 

 

FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM TO

 

Commission file number 1-3701

 

 

AVISTA CORPORATION

(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Washington

 

91-0462470

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

 

1411 East Mission Avenue, Spokane, Washington 99202-2600

(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: 509-489-0500

None

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of Each Class

 

Trading Symbol(s)

 

Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered

Common Stock

 

AVA

 

New York Stock Exchange

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days:    Yes  ☒    No  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  ☒    No  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

Smaller reporting company

Emerging growth company

 

 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act   ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act):    Yes  ☐    No  

As of July 31, 2021, 69,667,790 shares of Registrant’s Common Stock, no par value (the only class of common stock), were outstanding.

 


Table of Contents

 

AVISTA CORPORATION

 

AVISTA CORPORATION

INDEX

Item No.

 

 

Page No.

 

 

 

 

 

Acronyms and Terms

 

iii

 

Forward-Looking Statements

 

1

 

Available Information

 

4

Part I. Financial Information

 

 

Item 1.

Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

5

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income -
Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2021 and 2020

 

5

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income -
Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2021 and 2020

 

6

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets -
June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020

 

7

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows -
Six Months Ended June 30, 2021 and 2020

 

8

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Equity -
Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2021 and 2020

 

10

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

11

 

Note 1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

 

11

 

Note 2. New Accounting Standards

 

12

 

Note 3. Balance Sheet Components

 

12

 

Note 4. Revenue

 

14

 

Note 5. Derivatives and Risk Management

 

18

 

Note 6. Pension Plans and Other Postretirement Benefit Plans

 

22

 

Note 7. Income Taxes

 

23

 

Note 8. Committed Lines of Credit

 

23

 

Note 9. Credit Agreement

 

24

 

Note 10. Long-Term Debt to Affiliated Trusts

 

24

 

Note 11. Fair Value

 

24

 

Note 12. Common Stock

 

28

 

Note 13. Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss

 

28

 

Note 14. Earnings per Common Share

 

29

 

Note 15. Commitments and Contingencies

 

29

 

Note 16. Information by Business Segments

 

32

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

 

34

 

 

 

 

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

35

 

Business Segments

 

35

 

Executive Level Summary

 

35

 

Regulatory Matters

 

36

 

Results of Operations - Overall

 

39

 

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

 

42

 

Results of Operations - Avista Utilities

 

42

 

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Table of Contents

 

 

Results of Operations - Alaska Electric Light and Power Company

 

55

 

Results of Operations - Other Businesses

 

55

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

55

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

56

 

Overall Liquidity

 

56

 

Review of Cash Flow Statement

 

56

 

Capital Resources

 

56

 

Capital Expenditures

 

57

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

58

 

Pension Plan

 

58

 

Contractual Obligations

 

58

 

Environmental Issues and Other Contingencies

 

58

 

Colstrip

 

59

 

Enterprise Risk Management

 

60

 

Future Resource Needs

 

61

 

 

 

 

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

 

62

 

 

 

 

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

 

62

 

 

 

 

Part II. Other Information

 

 

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

 

63

 

 

 

 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

 

63

 

 

 

 

Item 6.

Exhibits

 

64

 

 

 

 

 

Signature

 

65

 

 

 

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AVISTA CORPORATION

 

ACRONYMS AND TERMS

(The following acronyms and terms are found in multiple locations within the document)

 

Acronym/Term

Meaning

aMW

-

Average Megawatt - a measure of the average rate at which a particular generating source produces energy over a period of time

AEL&P

-

Alaska Electric Light and Power Company, the primary operating subsidiary of AERC, which provides electric services in Juneau, Alaska

AERC

-

Alaska Energy and Resources Company, the Company's wholly-owned subsidiary based in Juneau, Alaska

AFUDC

-

Allowance for Funds Used During Construction; represents the cost of both the debt and equity funds used to finance utility plant additions during the construction period

ASC

-

Accounting Standards Codification

ASU

-

Accounting Standards Update

Avista Capital

-

Parent company to the Company’s non-utility businesses, with the exception of AJT Mining Properties, Inc., which is a subsidiary of AERC.

Avista Corp.

-

Avista Corporation, the Company

Avista Utilities

-

Operating division of Avista Corp. (not a subsidiary) comprising the regulated utility operations in the Pacific Northwest

Capacity

-

The rate at which a particular generating source is capable of producing energy, measured in KW or MW

Cabinet Gorge

-

The Cabinet Gorge Hydroelectric Generating Project, located on the Clark Fork River in Idaho

CETA

-

Clean Energy Transformation Act

Colstrip

-

The coal-fired Colstrip Generating Plant in southeastern Montana

Cooling degree days

-

The measure of the warmness of weather experienced, based on the extent to which the average of high and low temperatures for a day exceeds 65 degrees Fahrenheit (annual degree days above historic indicate warmer than average temperatures)

COVID-19

-

Coronavirus disease 2019, a respiratory illness that was declared a pandemic in March 2020

Deadband or ERM
deadband

-

The first $4.0 million in annual power supply costs above or below the amount included in base retail rates in Washington under the ERM in the state of Washington

EIM

-

Energy Imbalance Market

Energy

-

The amount of electricity produced or consumed over a period of time, measured in KWh or MWh. Also, refers to natural gas consumed and is measured in dekatherms

EPA

-

Environmental Protection Agency

ERM

-

The Energy Recovery Mechanism, a mechanism for accounting and rate recovery of certain power supply costs accepted by the utility commission in the state of Washington

FASB

-

Financial Accounting Standards Board

FCA

-

Fixed Cost Adjustment, the electric and natural gas decoupling mechanism in Idaho

FERC

-

Federal Energy Regulatory Commission

GAAP

-

Generally Accepted Accounting Principles

Heating degree days

-

The measure of the coldness of weather experienced, based on the extent to which the average of high and low temperatures for a day falls below 65 degrees Fahrenheit (annual degree days below historic indicate warmer than average temperatures).

IPUC

-

Idaho Public Utilities Commission

KW, KWh

-

Kilowatt (1000 watts): a measure of generating power or capability. Kilowatt-hour (1000 watt hours): a measure of energy produced over a period of time

MPSC

-

Public Service Commission of the State of Montana

 

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AVISTA CORPORATION

 

MW, MWh

-

Megawatt: 1000 KW. Megawatt-hour: 1000 KWh

Noxon Rapids

-

The Noxon Rapids Hydroelectric Generating Project, located on the Clark Fork River in Montana

OPUC

-

The Public Utility Commission of Oregon

PCA

-

The Power Cost Adjustment mechanism, a procedure for accounting and rate recovery of certain power supply costs accepted by the utility commission in the state of Idaho

PGA

-

Purchased Gas Adjustment

PPA

-

Power Purchase Agreement

RCA

-

The Regulatory Commission of Alaska

REC

-

Renewable energy credit

ROE

-

Return on equity

ROR

-

Rate of return on rate base

ROU

-

Right-of-use lease asset

SEC

-

U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission

TCJA

-

The "Tax Cuts and Jobs Act," signed into law on December 22, 2017

Therm

-

Unit of measurement for natural gas; a therm is equal to approximately one hundred cubic feet (volume) or 100,000 BTUs (energy)

Watt

-

Unit of measurement of electric power or capability; a watt is equal to the rate of work represented by a current of one ampere under a pressure of one volt

WUTC

-

Washington Utilities and Transportation Commission

 

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AVISTA CORPORATION

 

Forward-Looking Statements

From time to time, we make forward-looking statements such as statements regarding projected or future:

financial performance;
cash flows;
capital expenditures;
dividends;
capital structure;
other financial items;
strategic goals and objectives;
business environment; and
plans for operations.

These statements are based upon underlying assumptions (many of which are based, in turn, upon further assumptions). Such statements are made both in our reports filed under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (including this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q), and elsewhere. Forward-looking statements are all statements except those of historical fact including, without limitation, those that are identified by the use of words that include “will,” “may,” “could,” “should,” “intends,” “plans,” “seeks,” “anticipates,” “estimates,” “expects,” “forecasts,” “projects,” “predicts,” and similar expressions.

Forward-looking statements (including those made in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q) are subject to a variety of risks, uncertainties and other factors. Most of these factors are beyond our control and may have a significant effect on our operations, results of operations, financial condition or cash flows, which could cause actual results to differ materially from those anticipated in our statements. Such risks, uncertainties and other factors include, among others:

Utility Regulatory Risk

state and federal regulatory decisions or related judicial decisions that affect our ability to recover costs and earn a reasonable return including, but not limited to, disallowance or delay in the recovery of capital investments, operating costs, commodity costs, interest rate swap derivatives, the ordering of refunds to customers and discretion over allowed return on investment;
the loss of regulatory accounting treatment, which could require the write-off of regulatory assets and the loss of regulatory deferral and recovery mechanisms;

Operational Risk

pandemics (including the current COVID-19 pandemic), which could disrupt our business, as well as the global, national and local economy, resulting in a decline in customer demand, deterioration in the creditworthiness of our customers, increases in operating and capital costs, workforce shortages, delays in capital projects, disruption in supply chains, and disruption, weakness and volatility in capital markets. In addition, any of these factors could negatively impact our liquidity and limit our access to capital, among other implications;
wildfires ignited, or allegedly ignited, by Avista Corp. equipment or facilities could cause significant loss of life and property or result in liability for resulting fire suppression costs, thereby causing serious operational and financial harm to Avista Corp. and our customers;
severe weather or natural disasters, including, but not limited to, avalanches, wind storms, wildfires, earthquakes, extreme temperature events, snow and ice storms, that could disrupt energy generation, transmission and distribution, as well as the availability and costs of fuel, materials, equipment, supplies and support services;
explosions, fires, accidents, mechanical breakdowns or other incidents that could impair assets and may disrupt operations of any of our generation facilities, transmission, and electric and natural gas distribution systems or other operations and may require us to purchase replacement power or incur costs to repair our facilities;
explosions, fires, accidents or other incidents arising from or allegedly arising from our operations that could cause injuries to the public or property damage;

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blackouts or disruptions of interconnected transmission systems (the regional power grid);
terrorist attacks, cyberattacks or other malicious acts that could disrupt or cause damage to our utility assets or to the national or regional economy in general, including any effects of terrorism, cyberattacks, ransomware, or vandalism that damage or disrupt information technology systems;
work-force issues, including changes in collective bargaining unit agreements, strikes, work stoppages, the loss of key executives, availability of workers in a variety of skill areas, and our ability to recruit and retain employees;
increasing costs of insurance, more restrictive coverage terms and our ability to obtain insurance;
delays or changes in construction costs, and/or our ability to obtain required permits and materials for present or prospective facilities;
increasing health care costs and cost of health insurance provided to our employees and retirees;
third party construction of buildings, billboard signs, towers or other structures within our rights of way, or placement of fuel containers within close proximity to our transformers or other equipment, including overbuild atop natural gas distribution lines;
the loss of key suppliers for materials or services or other disruptions to the supply chain;
adverse impacts to our Alaska electric utility (AEL&P) that could result from an extended outage of its hydroelectric generating resources or their inability to deliver energy, due to their lack of interconnectivity to any other electrical grids and the availability or cost of replacement power (diesel);
changing river regulation or operations at hydroelectric facilities not owned by us, which could impact our hydroelectric facilities downstream;
change in the use, availability or abundancy of water resources and/or rights needed for operation of our hydroelectric facilities;

Cyber and Technology Risk

cyberattacks on the operating systems that are used in the operation of our electric generation, transmission and distribution facilities and our natural gas distribution facilities, and cyberattacks on such systems of other energy companies with which we are interconnected, which could damage or destroy facilities or systems or disrupt operations for extended periods of time and result in the incurrence of liabilities and costs;
cyberattacks on the administrative systems that are used in the administration of our business, including customer billing and customer service, accounting, communications, compliance and other administrative functions, and cyberattacks on such systems of our vendors and other companies with which we do business, which could result in the disruption of business operations, the release of private information and the incurrence of liabilities and costs;
changes in costs that impede our ability to implement new information technology systems or to operate and maintain current production technology;
changes in technologies, possibly making some of the current technology we utilize obsolete or introducing new cyber security risks;
insufficient technology skills, which could lead to the inability to develop, modify or maintain our information systems;

Strategic Risk

growth or decline of our customer base due to new uses for our services or decline in existing services, including, but not limited to, the effect of the trend toward distributed generation at customer sites;
the potential effects of negative publicity regarding our business practices, whether true or not, which could hurt our reputation and result in litigation or a decline in our common stock price;
changes in our strategic business plans, which could be affected by any or all of the foregoing, including the entry into new businesses and/or the exit from existing businesses and the extent of our business development efforts where potential future business is uncertain;

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AVISTA CORPORATION

 

wholesale and retail competition including alternative energy sources, growth in customer-owned power resource technologies that displace utility-supplied energy or that may be sold back to the utility, and alternative energy suppliers and delivery arrangements;
entering into or growth of non-regulated activities may increase earnings volatility;
the risk of municipalization or other forms of service territory reduction;

External Mandates Risk

changes in environmental laws, regulations, decisions and policies, including present and potential environmental remediation costs and our compliance with these matters;
the potential effects of initiatives, legislation or administrative rulemaking at the federal, state or local levels, including possible effects on our generating resources, prohibitions or restrictions on new or existing services, or restrictions on greenhouse gas emissions to mitigate concerns over global climate changes;
political pressures or regulatory practices that could constrain or place additional cost burdens on our distribution systems through accelerated adoption of distributed generation or electric-powered transportation or on our energy supply sources, such as campaigns to halt fossil fuel-fired power generation and opposition to other thermal generation, wind turbines or hydroelectric facilities;
failure to identify changes in legislation, taxation and regulatory issues that could be detrimental or beneficial to our overall business;
policy and/or legislative changes in various regulated areas, including, but not limited to, environmental regulation, healthcare regulations and import/export regulations;

Financial Risk

weather conditions, which affect both energy demand and electric generating capability, including the impact of precipitation and temperature on hydroelectric resources, the impact of wind patterns on wind-generated power, weather-sensitive customer demand, and similar impacts on supply and demand in the wholesale energy markets;
our ability to obtain financing through the issuance of debt and/or equity securities, which could be affected by various factors including our credit ratings, interest rates, other capital market conditions and global economic conditions;
changes in interest rates that affect borrowing costs, our ability to effectively hedge interest rates for anticipated debt issuances, variable interest rate borrowing and the extent to which we recover interest costs through retail rates collected from customers;
changes in actuarial assumptions, interest rates and the actual return on plan assets for our pension and other postretirement benefit plans, which could affect future funding obligations, pension and other postretirement benefit expense and the related liabilities;
the outcome of legal proceedings and other contingencies;
economic conditions in our service areas, including the economy's effects on customer demand for utility services;
economic conditions nationally may affect the valuation of our unregulated portfolio companies;
declining energy demand related to customer energy efficiency, conservation measures and/or increased distributed generation;
changes in the long-term climate and weather could materially affect, among other things, customer demand, the volume and timing of streamflows required for hydroelectric generation, costs of generation, transmission and distribution. Increased or new risks may arise from severe weather or natural disasters, including wildfires;
industry and geographic concentrations which could increase our exposure to credit risks due to counterparties, suppliers and customers being similarly affected by changing conditions;
deterioration in the creditworthiness of our customers;

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AVISTA CORPORATION

 

Energy Commodity Risk

volatility and illiquidity in wholesale energy markets, including exchanges, the availability of willing buyers and sellers, changes in wholesale energy prices that could affect operating income, cash requirements to purchase electricity and natural gas, value received for wholesale sales, collateral required of us by individual counterparties and/or exchanges in wholesale energy transactions and credit risk to us from such transactions, and the market value of derivative assets and liabilities;
default or nonperformance on the part of any parties from whom we purchase and/or sell capacity or energy;
potential environmental regulations or lawsuits affecting our ability to utilize or resulting in the obsolescence of our power supply resources;
explosions, fires, accidents, pipeline ruptures or other incidents that could limit energy supply to our facilities or our surrounding territory, which could result in a shortage of commodities in the market that could increase the cost of replacement commodities from other sources;

Compliance Risk

changes in laws, regulations, decisions and policies at the federal, state or local levels, which could materially impact both our electric and gas operations and costs of operations; and
the ability to comply with the terms of the licenses and permits for our hydroelectric or thermal generating facilities at cost-effective levels.

Our expectations, beliefs and projections are expressed in good faith. We believe they are reasonable based on, without limitation, an examination of historical operating trends, our records and other information available from third parties. There can be no assurance that our expectations, beliefs or projections will be achieved or accomplished. Furthermore, any forward-looking statement speaks only as of the date on which such statement is made. We undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statement or statements to reflect events or circumstances that occur after the date on which such statement is made or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events. New risks, uncertainties and other factors emerge from time to time, and it is not possible for us to predict all such factors, nor can we assess the effect of each such factor on our business or the extent that any such factor or combination of factors may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statement.

Available Information

We file annual, quarterly and current reports and proxy statements with the SEC. The SEC maintains a website that contains these documents at www.sec.gov. We make annual, quarterly and current reports and proxy statements available on our website, www.avistacorp.com, as soon as practicable after electronically filing these documents with the SEC. Except for SEC filings or portions thereof that are specifically referred to in this report, information contained on these websites is not part of this report.

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PART I. Financial Information

Item 1. Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

Avista Corporation

 

For the Three and Six Months Ended June 30

Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended June 30,

 

 

Six Months Ended June 30,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

Operating Revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Utility revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Utility revenues, exclusive of alternative revenue programs

 

$

301,176

 

 

$

273,975

 

 

$

713,358

 

 

$

667,795

 

Alternative revenue programs

 

 

(3,069

)

 

 

4,362

 

 

 

(2,570

)

 

 

(51

)

Total utility revenues

 

 

298,107

 

 

 

278,337

 

 

 

710,788

 

 

 

667,744

 

Non-utility revenues

 

 

148

 

 

 

255

 

 

 

337

 

 

 

1,078

 

Total operating revenues

 

 

298,255

 

 

 

278,592

 

 

 

711,125

 

 

 

668,822

 

Operating Expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Utility operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Resource costs

 

 

90,678

 

 

 

67,965

 

 

 

225,257

 

 

 

197,512

 

Other operating expenses

 

 

94,053

 

 

 

86,204

 

 

 

181,608

 

 

 

180,700

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

56,066

 

 

 

63,908

 

 

 

111,287

 

 

 

115,329

 

Taxes other than income taxes

 

 

24,474

 

 

 

24,742

 

 

 

56,783

 

 

 

55,720

 

Non-utility operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other operating expenses

 

 

1,159

 

 

 

659

 

 

 

2,343

 

 

 

2,019

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

73

 

 

 

188

 

 

 

200

 

 

 

423

 

Total operating expenses

 

 

266,503

 

 

 

243,666

 

 

 

577,478

 

 

 

551,703

 

Income from operations

 

 

31,752

 

 

 

34,926

 

 

 

133,647

 

 

 

117,119

 

Interest expense

 

 

26,131

 

 

 

25,625

 

 

 

52,435

 

 

 

51,972

 

Interest expense to affiliated trusts

 

 

106

 

 

 

208

 

 

 

215

 

 

 

478

 

Capitalized interest

 

 

(916

)

 

 

(972

)

 

 

(1,931

)

 

 

(1,970

)

Other expense (income)-net

 

 

(10,041

)

 

 

531

 

 

 

(13,725

)

 

 

149

 

Income before income taxes

 

 

16,472

 

 

 

9,534

 

 

 

96,653

 

 

 

66,490

 

Income tax expense (benefit)

 

 

2,398

 

 

 

(7,919

)

 

 

14,562

 

 

 

613

 

Net income

 

$

14,074

 

 

$

17,453

 

 

$

82,091

 

 

$

65,877

 

Weighted-average common shares outstanding (thousands), basic

 

 

69,404

 

 

 

67,481

 

 

 

69,348

 

 

 

67,360

 

Weighted-average common shares outstanding (thousands), diluted

 

 

69,534

 

 

 

67,589

 

 

 

69,520

 

 

 

67,485

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earnings per common share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

$

0.20

 

 

$

0.26

 

 

$

1.18

 

 

$

0.98

 

Diluted

 

$

0.20

 

 

$

0.26

 

 

$

1.18

 

 

$

0.98

 

 

The Accompanying Notes are an Integral Part of These Statements.

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CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

Avista Corporation

For the Three and Six Months Ended June 30

Dollars in thousands

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Three months ended June 30,

 

 

Six Months Ended June 30,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

Net income

 

$

14,074

 

 

$

17,453

 

 

$

82,091

 

 

$

65,877

 

Other Comprehensive Income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Change in unfunded benefit obligation for pension and other postretirement benefit plans - net of taxes of $82, $59, $166 and $113 respectively

 

 

308

 

 

 

220

 

 

 

623

 

 

 

425

 

Total other comprehensive income

 

 

308

 

 

 

220

 

 

 

623

 

 

 

425

 

Comprehensive income

 

$

14,382

 

 

$

17,673

 

 

$

82,714

 

 

$

66,302

 

 

The Accompanying Notes are an Integral Part of These Statements.

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CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

Avista Corporation

Dollars in thousands

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

June 30,

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

39,027

 

 

$

14,196

 

Accounts and notes receivable-less allowances of $11,399 and $11,387, respectively

 

 

129,835

 

 

 

163,772

 

Materials and supplies, fuel stock and stored natural gas

 

 

82,778

 

 

 

67,451

 

Regulatory assets

 

 

27,174

 

 

 

13,673

 

Other current assets

 

 

83,140

 

 

 

84,885

 

Total current assets

 

 

361,954

 

 

 

343,977

 

Net utility property

 

 

5,100,762

 

 

 

4,991,612

 

Goodwill

 

 

52,426

 

 

 

52,426

 

Non-current regulatory assets

 

 

870,095

 

 

 

750,443

 

Other property and investments-net and other non-current assets

 

 

261,064

 

 

 

263,639

 

Total assets

 

$

6,646,301

 

 

$

6,402,097

 

Liabilities and Equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current Liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

104,048

 

 

$

106,613

 

Current portion of long-term debt

 

 

250,000

 

 

 

0

 

Short-term borrowings

 

 

296,000

 

 

 

203,000

 

Regulatory liabilities

 

 

70,176

 

 

 

46,435

 

Other current liabilities

 

 

171,685

 

 

 

149,831

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

891,909

 

 

 

505,879

 

Long-term debt

 

 

1,758,961

 

 

 

2,008,534

 

Long-term debt to affiliated trusts

 

 

51,547

 

 

 

51,547

 

Pensions and other postretirement benefits

 

 

188,912

 

 

 

211,880

 

Deferred income taxes

 

 

620,020

 

 

 

594,712

 

Non-current regulatory liabilities

 

 

882,443

 

 

 

784,820

 

Other non-current liabilities and deferred credits

 

 

182,543

 

 

 

214,999

 

Total liabilities

 

 

4,576,335

 

 

 

4,372,371

 

Commitments and Contingencies (See Notes to Condensed Consolidated
   Financial Statements)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shareholders’ Equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock, no par value; 200,000,000 shares authorized; 69,666,667 and
   
69,238,901 shares issued and outstanding, respectively

 

 

1,303,411

 

 

 

1,286,068

 

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

 

(13,755

)

 

 

(14,378

)

Retained earnings

 

 

780,310

 

 

 

758,036

 

Total shareholders’ equity

 

 

2,069,966

 

 

 

2,029,726

 

Total liabilities and equity

 

$

6,646,301

 

 

$

6,402,097

 

 

The Accompanying Notes are an Integral Part of These Statements.

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CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

Avista Corporation

For the Six Months Ended June 30

Dollars in thousands

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

Operating Activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

82,091

 

 

$

65,877

 

Non-cash items included in net income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

111,487

 

 

 

115,752

 

Deferred income tax provision and investment tax credits

 

 

11,085

 

 

 

(8,400

)

Power and natural gas cost amortizations (deferrals), net

 

 

(21,826

)

 

 

1,815

 

Amortization of debt expense

 

 

1,571

 

 

 

1,365

 

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

2,280

 

 

 

2,826

 

Equity-related AFUDC

 

 

(3,346

)

 

 

(3,271

)

Pension and other postretirement benefit expense

 

 

14,793

 

 

 

16,481

 

Other regulatory assets and liabilities and deferred debits and credits

 

 

4,008

 

 

 

4,391

 

Change in decoupling regulatory deferral

 

 

2,203

 

 

 

(454

)

Gain on sale of investments

 

 

(1,764

)

 

 

(3,231

)

Other

 

 

(7,653

)

 

 

9,043

 

Contributions to defined benefit pension plan

 

 

(28,000

)

 

 

(14,600

)

Changes in certain current assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts and notes receivable

 

 

26,284

 

 

 

43,701

 

Materials and supplies, fuel stock and stored natural gas

 

 

(15,328

)

 

 

(751

)

Collateral posted for derivative instruments

 

 

(24,102

)

 

 

(7,209

)

Income taxes receivable

 

 

23,869

 

 

 

9,106

 

Other current assets

 

 

2,505

 

 

 

(5,704

)

Accounts payable

 

 

8,111

 

 

 

(29,860

)

Other current liabilities

 

 

1,795

 

 

 

3,011

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

 

190,063

 

 

 

199,888

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investing Activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Utility property capital expenditures (excluding equity-related AFUDC)

 

 

(213,827

)

 

 

(189,480

)

Issuance of notes receivable

 

 

(75

)

 

 

(4,343

)

Equity and property investments

 

 

(5,650

)

 

 

(2,097

)

Proceeds from sale of investments

 

 

6,806

 

 

 

5,144

 

Other

 

 

1,907

 

 

 

(988

)

Net cash used in investing activities

 

 

(210,839

)

 

 

(191,764

)

 

 

The Accompanying Notes are an Integral Part of These Statements.

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CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (continued)

Avista Corporation

For the Six Months Ended June 30

Dollars in thousands

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

Financing Activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net increase in short-term borrowings

 

$

93,000

 

 

$

135,200

 

Maturity of long-term debt and finance leases

 

 

(1,491

)

 

 

(1,431

)

Issuance of common stock, net of issuance costs

 

 

15,689

 

 

 

23,890

 

Cash dividends paid

 

 

(58,693

)

 

 

(54,708

)

Other

 

 

(2,898

)

 

 

(4,577

)

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

 

45,607

 

 

 

98,374

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents

 

 

24,831

 

 

 

106,498

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

 

 

14,196

 

 

 

9,896

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

 

$

39,027

 

 

$

116,394

 

 

The Accompanying Notes are an Integral Part of These Statements.

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CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY

Avista Corporation

For the Three and Six Months Ended June 30

Dollars in thousands

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended June 30,

 

 

Six Months Ended June 30,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

Common Stock, Shares:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shares outstanding at beginning of period

 

 

69,313,337

 

 

 

67,292,233

 

 

 

69,238,901

 

 

 

67,176,996

 

Shares issued

 

 

353,330

 

 

 

621,032

 

 

 

427,766

 

 

 

736,269

 

Shares outstanding at end of period

 

 

69,666,667

 

 

 

67,913,265

 

 

 

69,666,667

 

 

 

67,913,265

 

Common Stock, Amount:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at beginning of period

 

$

1,285,999

 

 

$

1,209,312

 

 

$

1,286,068

 

 

$

1,210,741

 

Equity compensation expense

 

 

1,788

 

 

 

1,874

 

 

 

2,647

 

 

 

2,678

 

Issuance of common stock, net of issuance costs

 

 

15,624

 

 

 

23,715

 

 

 

15,689

 

 

 

23,890

 

Payment of minimum tax withholdings for share-based
   payment awards

 

 

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

(993

)

 

 

(2,408

)

Balance at end of period

 

 

1,303,411

 

 

 

1,234,901

 

 

 

1,303,411

 

 

 

1,234,901

 

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at beginning of period

 

 

(14,063

)

 

 

(10,054

)

 

 

(14,378

)

 

 

(10,259

)

Other comprehensive income

 

 

308

 

 

 

220

 

 

 

623

 

 

 

425

 

Balance at end of period

 

 

(13,755

)

 

 

(9,834

)

 

 

(13,755

)

 

 

(9,834

)

Retained Earnings:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at beginning of period

 

 

796,654

 

 

 

759,837

 

 

 

758,036

 

 

 

738,802

 

Net income

 

 

14,074

 

 

 

17,453

 

 

 

82,091

 

 

 

65,877

 

Cash dividends on common stock

 

 

(30,418

)

 

 

(27,319

)

 

 

(59,817

)

 

 

(54,708

)

Balance at end of period

 

 

780,310

 

 

 

749,971

 

 

 

780,310

 

 

 

749,971

 

Total equity

 

$

2,069,966

 

 

$

1,975,038

 

 

$

2,069,966

 

 

$

1,975,038

 

Dividends declared per common share

 

$

0.4225

 

 

$

0.4050

 

 

$

0.8450

 

 

$

0.8100

 

 

The Accompanying Notes are an Integral Part of These Statements.

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AVISTA CORPORATION

 

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements of Avista Corp. as of and for the interim periods ended June 30, 2021 and June 30, 2020 are unaudited; however, in the opinion of management, the statements reflect all adjustments necessary for a fair statement of the results for the interim periods. All such adjustments are of a normal recurring nature. The condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with GAAP for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Rule 10-01 of Regulation S-X. The Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income for the interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year. These condensed consolidated financial statements do not contain the detail or footnote disclosure concerning accounting policies and other matters which would be included in full fiscal year consolidated financial statements; therefore, they should be read in conjunction with the Company's audited consolidated financial statements included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 (2020 Form 10-K).

NOTE 1. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Nature of Business

Avista Corp. is primarily an electric and natural gas utility with certain other business ventures. Avista Utilities is an operating division of Avista Corp., comprising its regulated utility operations in the Pacific Northwest. Avista Utilities provides electric distribution and transmission, and natural gas distribution services in parts of eastern Washington and northern Idaho. Avista Utilities also provides natural gas distribution service in parts of northeastern and southwestern Oregon. Avista Utilities has electric generating facilities in Washington, Idaho, Oregon and Montana. Avista Utilities also supplies electricity to a small number of customers in Montana, most of whom are employees who operate the Company's Noxon Rapids generating facility.

AERC is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Avista Corp. The primary subsidiary of AERC is AEL&P, which comprises Avista Corp.'s regulated utility operations in Alaska.

Avista Capital, a wholly owned non-regulated subsidiary of Avista Corp., is the parent company of all of the subsidiary companies in the non-utility businesses, with the exception of AJT Mining Properties, Inc., which is a subsidiary of AERC. See Note 16 for business segment information.

Basis of Reporting

The condensed consolidated financial statements include the assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses of the Company and its subsidiaries and other majority owned subsidiaries and variable interest entities for which the Company or its subsidiaries are the primary beneficiaries. Intercompany balances were eliminated in consolidation. The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include the Company’s proportionate share of utility plant and related operations resulting from its interests in jointly owned plants.

Regulation

The Company is subject to state regulation in Washington, Idaho, Montana, Oregon and Alaska. The Company is also subject to federal regulation primarily by the FERC, as well as various other federal agencies with regulatory oversight of particular aspects of its operations.

Derivative Assets and Liabilities

Derivatives are recorded as either assets or liabilities on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets measured at estimated fair value.

The WUTC and the IPUC issued accounting orders authorizing Avista Corp. to offset energy commodity derivative assets or liabilities with a regulatory asset or liability. This accounting treatment is intended to defer the recognition of mark-to-market gains and losses on energy commodity transactions until the period of delivery. Realized benefits and costs result in adjustments to retail rates through PGAs, the ERM in Washington, the PCA mechanism in Idaho, and periodic general rate cases. The resulting regulatory assets associated with energy commodity derivative instruments have been concluded to be probable of recovery through future rates.

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AVISTA CORPORATION

 

Substantially all forward contracts to purchase or sell power and natural gas are recorded as derivative assets or liabilities at estimated fair value with an offsetting regulatory asset or liability. Contracts that are not considered derivatives are accounted for on the accrual basis until they are settled or realized unless there is a decline in the fair value of the contract that is determined to be other-than-temporary.

For interest rate swap derivatives, Avista Corp. records all mark-to-market gains and losses in each accounting period as assets and liabilities, as well as offsetting regulatory assets and liabilities, such that there is no income statement impact. The interest rate swap derivatives are risk management tools similar to energy commodity derivatives. Upon settlement of interest rate swap derivatives, the regulatory asset or liability is amortized as a component of interest expense over the term of the associated debt. The Company records an offset of interest rate swap derivative assets and liabilities with regulatory assets and liabilities, based on the prior practice of the commissions to provide recovery through the ratemaking process.

The Company has multiple master netting agreements with a variety of entities that allow for cross-commodity netting of derivative agreements with the same counterparty (i.e. power derivatives can be netted with natural gas derivatives). In addition, some master netting agreements allow for the netting of commodity derivatives and interest rate swap derivatives for the same counterparty. The Company does not have any agreements which allow for cross-affiliate netting among multiple affiliated legal entities. The Company nets all derivative instruments when allowed by the agreement for presentation in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

Fair Value Measurements

Fair value represents the price that would be received when selling an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. Energy commodity derivative assets and liabilities, deferred compensation assets, as well as derivatives related to interest rate swaps and foreign currency exchange contracts, are reported at estimated fair value on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. See Note 11 for the Company’s fair value disclosures.

Contingencies

The Company has unresolved regulatory, legal and tax issues which have inherently uncertain outcomes. The Company accrues a loss contingency if it is probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount of the loss or impairment can be reasonably estimated. The Company also discloses loss contingencies that do not meet these conditions for accrual if there is a reasonable possibility that a material loss may be incurred. See Note 15 for further discussion of the Company's commitments and contingencies. 

NOTE 2. NEW ACCOUNTING STANDARDS

There are no new accounting standards with a material impact to the Company.

NOTE 3. BALANCE SHEET COMPONENTS

Materials and Supplies, Fuel Stock and Stored Natural Gas

Inventories of materials and supplies, fuel stock and stored natural gas are recorded at average cost for our regulated operations and the lower of cost or net realizable value for our non-regulated operations and consisted of the following as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 (dollars in thousands):

 

 

June 30,

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

Materials and supplies

 

$

57,068

 

 

$

53,258

 

Fuel stock

 

 

5,780

 

 

 

4,658

 

Stored natural gas

 

 

19,930

 

 

 

9,535

 

Total

 

$

82,778

 

 

$

67,451

 

 

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AVISTA CORPORATION

 

Other Current Assets

Other current assets consisted of the following as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 (dollars in thousands):

 

 

June 30,

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

Collateral posted for derivative instruments after netting with outstanding
   derivative liabilities

 

$

25,089

 

 

$

4,336

 

Prepayments

 

 

22,444

 

 

 

24,411

 

Income taxes receivable

 

 

25,945

 

 

 

49,814

 

Other

 

 

9,662

 

 

 

6,324

 

Total

 

$

83,140

 

 

$

84,885

 

Net Utility Property

Net utility property, which is recorded at original cost net of accumulated depreciation, consisted of the following as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 (dollars in thousands):

 

 

June 30,

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

Utility plant in service

 

$

6,980,002

 

 

$

6,809,797

 

Construction work in progress

 

 

185,011

 

 

 

175,767

 

Total

 

 

7,165,013

 

 

 

6,985,564

 

Less: Accumulated depreciation and amortization

 

 

2,064,251

 

 

 

1,993,952

 

Total net utility property

 

$

5,100,762

 

 

$

4,991,612

 

Other Property and Investments-Net and Other Non-Current Assets

Other property and investments-net and other non-current assets consisted of the following as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 (dollars in thousands):

 

 

June 30,

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

Operating lease ROU assets

 

$

70,941

 

 

$

71,891

 

Equity investments

 

 

69,921

 

 

 

59,318

 

Finance lease ROU assets

 

 

45,518

 

 

 

47,338

 

Non-utility property

 

 

18,925

 

 

 

19,508

 

Notes receivable

 

 

14,803

 

 

 

14,454

 

Investment in affiliated trust

 

 

11,547

 

 

 

11,547

 

Deferred compensation assets

 

 

9,660

 

 

 

9,174

 

Assets held for sale (1)

 

 

0

 

 

 

3,462

 

Other

 

 

19,749

 

 

 

26,947

 

Total

 

$

261,064

 

 

$

263,639

 

(1)
During the second quarter of 2021, the Company sold certain subsidiary assets associated with the Spokane Steam Plant.

Other Current Liabilities

Other current liabilities consisted of the following as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 (dollars in thousands):

 

 

June 30,
2021

 

 

December 31,
2020

 

Accrued taxes other than income taxes

 

$

42,117

 

 

$

45,099

 

Derivative liabilities

 

 

33,276

 

 

 

14,008

 

Employee paid time off accruals

 

 

28,998

 

 

 

26,495

 

Accrued interest

 

 

16,594

 

 

 

17,083

 

Pensions and other postretirement benefits

 

 

12,429

 

 

 

11,987

 

Other

 

 

38,271

 

 

 

35,159

 

Total other current liabilities

 

$

171,685

 

 

$

149,831

 

 

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AVISTA CORPORATION

 

Other Non-Current Liabilities and Deferred Credits

Other non-current liabilities and deferred credits consisted of the following as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 (dollars in thousands):

 

 

June 30,
2021

 

 

December 31,
2020

 

Operating lease liabilities

 

$

68,820

 

 

$

67,716

 

Finance lease liabilities

 

 

47,273

 

 

 

48,815

 

Deferred investment tax credits

 

 

29,590

 

 

 

29,866

 

Asset retirement obligations

 

 

16,734

 

 

 

17,194

 

Derivative liabilities

 

 

4,426

 

 

 

37,427

 

Other

 

 

15,700

 

 

 

13,981

 

Total

 

$

182,543

 

 

$

214,999

 

Regulatory Assets and Liabilities

Regulatory assets and liabilities consisted of the following as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 (dollars in thousands):

 

 

June 30, 2021

 

 

December 31, 2020

 

 

 

Current

 

 

Non-Current

 

 

Current

 

 

Non-Current

 

Regulatory Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Energy commodity derivatives

 

$

5,652

 

 

$

1,410

 

 

$

2,073

 

 

$

5,722

 

Decoupling surcharge

 

 

9,768

 

 

 

13,911

 

 

 

7,123

 

 

 

17,123

 

Pension and other postretirement benefit plans

 

 

0

 

 

 

194,005

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

198,746

 

Interest rate swaps

 

 

0

 

 

 

197,302

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

214,851

 

Deferred income taxes (1)

 

 

0

 

 

 

238,234

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

108,517

 

Settlement with Coeur d'Alene Tribe

 

 

0

 

 

 

39,484

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

40,043

 

AFUDC above FERC allowed rate

 

 

0

 

 

 

48,961

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

47,393

 

Demand side management programs

 

 

0

 

 

 

1,449

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

3,814

 

Utility plant to be abandoned

 

 

0

 

 

 

27,599

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

28,916

 

COVID-19 deferrals

 

 

0

 

 

 

14,292

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

8,166

 

Other regulatory assets

 

 

11,754

 

 

 

93,448

 

 

 

4,477

 

 

 

77,152

 

Total regulatory assets

 

$

27,174

 

 

$

870,095

 

 

$

13,673

 

 

$

750,443

 

Regulatory Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income tax related liabilities (1)

 

$

45,431

 

 

$

485,165

 

 

$

14,952

 

 

$

399,677

 

Deferred power costs

 

 

14,996

 

 

 

13,118

 

 

 

20,299

 

 

 

17,570

 

Decoupling rebate

 

 

849

 

 

 

3,754

 

 

 

1,447

 

 

 

1,519

 

Utility plant retirement costs

 

 

0

 

 

 

336,940

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

325,832

 

Interest rate swaps

 

 

0

 

 

 

15,637

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

15,046

 

COVID-19 deferrals

 

 

0

 

 

 

12,680

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

10,949

 

Other regulatory liabilities

 

 

8,900

 

 

 

15,149

 

 

 

9,737

 

 

 

14,227

 

Total regulatory liabilities

 

$

70,176

 

 

$

882,443

 

 

$

46,435

 

 

$

784,820

 

(1) In 2021, the Company received regulatory approval in all jurisdictions to change to flow-through tax treatment of certain basis adjustments, which was $127.5 million.

NOTE 4. REVENUE

The revenue recognition model contained in ASC 606 requires an entity to identify the various performance obligations in a contract, allocate the transaction price among the performance obligations and recognize revenue when (or as) the entity satisfies each performance obligation.

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AVISTA CORPORATION

 

Utility Revenues

Revenue from Contracts with Customers

General

The majority of Avista Corp.’s revenue is from rate-regulated sales of electricity and natural gas to retail customers, which has two performance obligations, (1) having service available for a specified period (typically a month at a time) and (2) the delivery of energy to customers. The total energy price generally has a fixed component (basic charge) related to having service available and a usage-based component, related to the delivery and consumption of energy. The commodity is sold and/or delivered to and consumed by the customer simultaneously, and the provisions of the relevant utility commission authorization determine the charges the Company may bill the customer. Given that all revenue recognition criteria are met upon the delivery of energy to customers, revenue is recognized immediately at that time.

Revenues from contracts with customers are presented in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income in the line item "Utility revenues, exclusive of alternative revenue programs."

Non-Derivative Wholesale Contracts

The Company has certain wholesale contracts which are not accounted for as derivatives and, accordingly, are within the scope of ASC 606 and considered revenue from contracts with customers. Revenue is recognized as energy is delivered to the customer or the service is available for a specified period of time, consistent with the discussion of rate-regulated sales above.

Alternative Revenue Programs (Decoupling)

ASC 606 retained existing GAAP associated with alternative revenue programs, which specified that alternative revenue programs are contracts between an entity and a regulator of utilities, not a contract between an entity and a customer. GAAP requires that an entity present revenue arising from alternative revenue programs separately from revenues arising from contracts with customers on the face of the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income. The Company's decoupling mechanisms (also known as a FCA in Idaho) qualify as alternative revenue programs. Decoupling revenue deferrals are recognized in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income during the period they occur (i.e. during the period of revenue shortfall or excess due to fluctuations in customer usage), subject to certain limitations, and a regulatory asset or liability is established that will be surcharged or rebated to customers in future periods. GAAP requires that for any alternative revenue program, like decoupling, the revenue must be expected to be collected from customers within 24 months of the deferral to qualify for recognition in the current period Condensed Consolidated Statement of Income. Any amounts included in the Company's decoupling program that are not expected to be collected from customers within 24 months are not recorded in the financial statements until the period in which revenue recognition criteria are met. The amounts expected to be collected from customers within 24 months represents an estimate that must be made by the Company on an ongoing basis due to it being based on the volumes of electric and natural gas sold to customers on a go-forward basis.

Derivative Revenue

Most wholesale electric and natural gas transactions (including both physical and financial transactions), and the sale of fuel are considered derivatives, which are specifically scoped out of ASC 606. As such, these revenues are disclosed separately from revenue from contracts with customers. Revenue is recognized for these items upon the settlement/expiration of the derivative contract. Derivative revenue includes those transactions that are entered into and settled within the same month.

Other Utility Revenue

Other utility revenue includes rent, sales of materials, late fees and other charges that do not represent contracts with customers. Other utility revenue also includes the provision for earnings sharing and the deferral and amortization of refunds to customers associated with the TCJA. This revenue is scoped out of ASC 606, as this revenue does not represent items where a customer is a party that has

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contracted with the Company to obtain goods or services that are an output of the Company’s ordinary activities in exchange for consideration. As such, these revenues are presented separately from revenue from contracts with customers.

Other Considerations for Utility Revenues

Gross Versus Net Presentation

Revenues and resource costs from Avista Utilities’ settled energy contracts that are “booked out” (not physically delivered) are reported on a net basis as part of derivative revenues.

Utility-related taxes collected from customers (primarily state excise taxes and city utility taxes) are taxes that are imposed on Avista Utilities as opposed to being imposed on its customers; therefore, Avista Utilities is the taxpayer and records these transactions on a gross basis in revenue from contracts with customers and operating expense (taxes other than income taxes). The utility-related taxes collected from customers at AEL&P are imposed on the customers rather than AEL&P; therefore, the customers are the taxpayers and AEL&P is acting as their agent. As such, these transactions at AEL&P are presented on a net basis within revenue from contracts with customers.

Utility-related taxes that were included in revenue from contracts with customers were as follows for the three and six months ended June 30 (dollars in thousands):

 

Three months ended June 30,

 

 

Six months ended June 30,

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

Utility-related taxes

$

13,459

 

 

$

12,879

 

 

$

33,155

 

 

$

31,578

 

Significant Judgments and Unsatisfied Performance Obligations

The only significant judgments involving revenue recognition are estimates surrounding unbilled revenue and receivables from contracts with customers and estimates surrounding the amount of decoupling revenues that will be collected from customers within 24 months (discussed above).

The Company has certain capacity arrangements, where the Company has a contractual obligation to provide either electric or natural gas capacity to its customers for a fixed fee. Most of these arrangements are paid for in arrears by the customers and do not result in deferred revenue and only result in receivables from the customers. The Company does have one capacity agreement where the customer makes payments throughout the year. As of June 30, 2021, the Company estimates it had unsatisfied capacity performance obligations of $19.8 million, which will be recognized as revenue in future periods as the capacity is provided to the customers. These performance obligations are not reflected in the financial statements, as the Company has not received payment for these services.

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Disaggregation of Total Operating Revenue

The following table disaggregates total operating revenue by segment and source for the three and six months ended June 30 (dollars in thousands):

 

 

Three months ended June 30,

 

 

Six months ended June 30,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

Avista Utilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue from contracts with customers

 

$

260,676

 

 

$

235,405

 

 

$

619,289

 

 

$

587,034

 

Derivative revenues

 

 

28,083

 

 

 

24,211

 

 

 

63,064

 

 

 

55,285

 

Alternative revenue programs

 

 

(3,069

)

 

 

4,362

 

 

 

(2,570

)

 

 

(51

)

Deferrals and amortizations for rate refunds to customers

 

 

(369

)

 

 

2,080

 

 

 

2,820

 

 

 

(525

)

Other utility revenues

 

 

2,239

 

 

 

2,281

 

 

 

4,817

 

 

 

3,801

 

Total Avista Utilities

 

 

287,560

 

 

 

268,339

 

 

 

687,420

 

 

 

645,544

 

AEL&P

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue from contracts with customers

 

 

10,487

 

 

 

9,978

 

 

 

23,266

 

 

 

22,104

 

Deferrals and amortizations for rate refunds to customers

 

 

(48

)

 

 

(47

)

 

 

(95

)

 

 

(95

)

Other utility revenues

 

 

108

 

 

 

67

 

 

 

197

 

 

 

191

 

Total AEL&P

 

 

10,547

 

 

 

9,998

 

 

 

23,368

 

 

 

22,200

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other revenues

 

 

148

 

 

 

255

 

 

 

337

 

 

 

1,078

 

Total operating revenues

 

$

298,255

 

 

$

278,592

 

 

$

711,125

 

 

$

668,822

 

 

 

Utility Revenue from Contracts with Customers by Type and Service

The following table disaggregates revenue from contracts with customers associated with the Company's electric operations for the three and six months ended June 30 (dollars in thousands):

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

 

Avista
Utilities

 

 

AEL&P

 

 

Total Utility

 

 

Avista
Utilities

 

 

AEL&P

 

 

Total Utility

 

Three months ended June 30:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ELECTRIC OPERATIONS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue from contracts with customers

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Residential

 

$

84,688

 

 

$

4,251

 

 

$

88,939

 

 

$

78,760

 

 

$

4,190

 

 

$

82,950

 

Commercial

 

 

80,858

 

 

 

6,177

 

 

 

87,035

 

 

 

68,785

 

 

 

5,729

 

 

 

74,514

 

Industrial

 

 

27,429

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

27,429

 

 

 

24,816

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

24,816

 

Public street and highway lighting

 

 

1,869

 

 

 

59

 

 

 

1,928

 

 

 

1,846

 

 

 

59

 

 

 

1,905

 

Total retail revenue

 

 

194,844

 

 

 

10,487

 

 

 

205,331

 

 

 

174,207

 

 

 

9,978

 

 

 

184,185

 

Transmission

 

 

4,801

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

4,801

 

 

 

4,409

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

4,409

 

Other revenue from contracts with
   customers

 

 

6,532

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

6,532

 

 

 

3,415

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

3,415

 

Total electric revenue from contracts
 with customers

 

$

206,177

 

 

$

10,487

 

 

$

216,664

 

 

$

182,031

 

 

$

9,978

 

 

$

192,009

 

Six months ended June 30:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ELECTRIC OPERATIONS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue from contracts with customers

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Residential

 

$

197,911

 

 

$

10,299

 

 

$

208,210

 

 

$

186,737

 

 

$

10,045

 

 

$

196,782

 

Commercial

 

 

157,142

 

 

 

12,848

 

 

 

169,990

 

 

 

147,634

 

 

 

11,938

 

 

 

159,572

 

Industrial

 

 

52,140

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

52,140

 

 

 

49,527

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

49,527

 

Public street and highway lighting

 

 

3,721

 

 

 

119

 

 

 

3,840

 

 

 

3,629

 

 

 

121

 

 

 

3,750

 

Total retail revenue

 

 

410,914

 

 

 

23,266

 

 

 

434,180

 

 

 

387,527

 

 

 

22,104

 

 

 

409,631

 

Transmission

 

 

8,296

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

8,296

 

 

 

8,183

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

8,183

 

Other revenue from contracts with
   customers

 

 

12,672

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

12,672

 

 

 

8,705

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

8,705

 

Total electric revenue from contracts
   with customers

 

$

431,882

 

 

$

23,266

 

 

$

455,148

 

 

$

404,415

 

 

$

22,104

 

 

$

426,519

 

 

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The following table disaggregates revenue from contracts with customers associated with the Company's natural gas operations for the three and six months ended June 30 (dollars in thousands):

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

 

Avista Utilities

 

 

Avista Utilities

 

Three months ended June 30:

 

 

 

 

 

 

NATURAL GAS OPERATIONS

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue from contracts with customers

 

 

 

 

 

 

Residential

 

$

33,703

 

 

$

34,826

 

Commercial

 

 

15,598

 

 

 

14,142

 

Industrial and interruptible

 

 

1,819

 

 

 

1,543

 

Total retail revenue

 

 

51,120

 

 

 

50,511

 

Transportation

 

 

1,973

 

 

 

1,738

 

Other revenue from contracts with
   customers

 

 

1,406

 

 

 

1,125

 

Total natural gas revenue from
   contracts with customers

 

$

54,499

 

 

$

53,374

 

Six months ended June 30:

 

 

 

 

 

 

NATURAL GAS OPERATIONS

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue from contracts with customers

 

 

 

 

 

 

Residential

 

$

121,204

 

 

$

118,998

 

Commercial

 

 

55,373

 

 

 

53,544

 

Industrial and interruptible

 

 

4,043

 

 

 

3,737

 

Total retail revenue

 

 

180,620

 

 

 

176,279

 

Transportation

 

 

4,256

 

 

 

4,090

 

Other revenue from contracts with
   customers

 

 

2,531

 

 

 

2,250

 

Total natural gas revenue from
contracts with customers

 

$

187,407

 

 

$

182,619

 

 

NOTE 5. DERIVATIVES AND RISK MANAGEMENT

Energy Commodity Derivatives

Avista Corp. is exposed to market risks relating to changes in electricity and natural gas commodity prices and certain other fuel prices. Market risk is, in general, the risk of fluctuation in the market price of the commodity being traded and is influenced primarily by supply and demand. Market risk includes the fluctuation in the market price of associated derivative commodity instruments. Avista Corp. utilizes derivative instruments, such as forwards, futures, swap derivatives and options, in order to manage the various risks relating to these commodity price exposures. Avista Corp. has an energy resources risk policy and control procedures to manage these risks.

As part of Avista Corp.'s resource procurement and management operations in the electric business, Avista Corp. engages in an ongoing process of resource optimization, which involves the economic selection from available energy resources to serve Avista Corp.'s load obligations and the use of these resources to capture available economic value through wholesale market transactions. These include sales and purchases of electric capacity and energy, fuel for electric generation, and derivative contracts related to capacity, energy and fuel. Such transactions are part of the process of matching resources with load obligations and hedging a portion of the related financial risks. These transactions range from terms of intra-hour up to multiple years.

As part of its resource procurement and management of its natural gas business, Avista Corp. makes continuing projections of its natural gas loads and assesses available natural gas resources including natural gas storage availability. Natural gas resource planning typically includes peak requirements, low and average monthly requirements and delivery constraints from natural gas supply locations to Avista Corp.’s distribution system. However, daily variations in natural gas demand can be significantly different than monthly demand projections. On the basis of these projections, Avista Corp. plans and executes a series of transactions to hedge a portion of its projected natural gas requirements through forward market transactions and derivative instruments. These transactions may extend as much as three natural gas operating years (November through October) into the future. Avista Corp. also leaves a significant portion of its natural gas supply requirements unhedged for purchase in short-term and spot markets.

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Avista Corp. plans for sufficient natural gas delivery capacity to serve its retail customers for a theoretical peak day event. Avista Corp. generally has more pipeline and storage capacity than what is needed during periods other than a peak-day. Avista Corp. optimizes its natural gas resources by using market opportunities to generate economic value that mitigates the fixed costs. Avista Corp. also optimizes its natural gas storage capacity by purchasing and storing natural gas when prices are traditionally lower, typically in the summer, and withdrawing during higher priced months, typically during the winter. However, if market conditions and prices indicate that Avista Corp. should buy or sell natural gas at other times during the year, Avista Corp. engages in optimization transactions to capture value in the marketplace. Natural gas optimization activities include, but are not limited to, wholesale market sales of surplus natural gas supplies, purchases and sales of natural gas to optimize use of pipeline and storage capacity, and participation in the transportation capacity release market.

The following table presents the underlying energy commodity derivative volumes as of June 30, 2021 that are expected to be delivered in each respective year (in thousands of MWhs and mmBTUs):

 

 

Purchases

 

 

Sales

 

 

 

Electric Derivatives

 

 

Gas Derivatives

 

 

Electric Derivatives

 

 

Gas Derivatives

 

Year

 

Physical
(1)
MWh

 

 

Financial
(1)
MWh

 

 

Physical
(1)
mmBTUs

 

 

Financial
(1)
mmBTUs

 

 

Physical
(1)
MWh

 

 

Financial
(1)
MWh

 

 

Physical
(1)
mmBTUs

 

 

Financial
(1)
mmBTUs

 

Remainder 2021

 

 

11

 

 

 

62

 

 

 

5,875

 

 

 

37,413

 

 

 

47

 

 

 

378

 

 

 

4,504

 

 

 

22,943

 

2022

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

450

 

 

 

37,835

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

268

 

 

 

2,260

 

 

 

20,820

 

2023

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

12,000

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

1,360

 

 

 

6,160

 

2024

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

910

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

1,370

 

 

 

0

 

2025

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

1,115

 

 

 

0

 

As of June 30, 2021, there are 0 expected deliveries of energy commodity derivatives after 2025.

The following table presents the underlying energy commodity derivative volumes as of December 31, 2020 that are expected to be delivered in each respective year (in thousands of MWhs and mmBTUs):

 

 

Purchases

 

 

Sales

 

 

 

Electric Derivatives

 

 

Gas Derivatives

 

 

Electric Derivatives

 

 

Gas Derivatives

 

Year

 

Physical
(1)
MWh

 

 

Financial
(1)
MWh

 

 

Physical
(1)
mmBTUs

 

 

Financial
(1)
mmBTUs

 

 

Physical
(1)
MWh

 

 

Financial
(1)
MWh

 

 

Physical
(1)
mmBTUs

 

 

Financial
(1)
mmBTUs

 

2021

 

 

1

 

 

 

224

 

 

 

10,353

 

 

 

65,188

 

 

 

17

 

 

 

451

 

 

 

5,448

 

 

 

39,273

 

2022

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

450

 

 

 

25,525

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

1,360

 

 

 

12,030

 

2023

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

4,950

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

1,360

 

 

 

900

 

2024

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

1,370

 

 

 

0

 

2025

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

1,115

 

 

 

0

 

As of December 31, 2020, there are 0 expected deliveries of energy commodity derivatives after 2025.

(1)
Physical transactions represent commodity transactions in which Avista Corp. will take or make delivery of either electricity or natural gas; financial transactions represent derivative instruments with delivery of cash in the amount of the benefit or cost but with no physical delivery of the commodity, such as futures, swap derivatives, options, or forward contracts.

The electric and natural gas derivative contracts above will be included in either power supply costs or natural gas supply costs during the period they are scheduled to be delivered and will be included in the various deferral and recovery mechanisms (ERM, PCA and PGAs), or in the general rate case process, and are expected to be collected through retail rates from customers.

Foreign Currency Exchange Derivatives

A significant portion of Avista Corp.’s natural gas supply (including fuel for power generation) is obtained from Canadian sources. Most of those transactions are executed in U.S. dollars, which avoids foreign currency risk. A portion of Avista Corp.’s short-term natural gas transactions and long-term Canadian transportation contracts are committed based on Canadian currency prices. The short-term natural gas transactions are settled within 60 days with U.S. dollars. Avista Corp. hedges a portion of the foreign currency risk by purchasing Canadian currency exchange derivatives when such commodity transactions are initiated. The foreign currency exchange

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derivatives and the unhedged foreign currency risk have not had a material effect on Avista Corp.’s financial condition, results of operations or cash flows and these differences in cost related to currency fluctuations are included with natural gas supply costs for ratemaking.

The following table summarizes the foreign currency exchange derivatives that Avista Corp. has outstanding as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 (dollars in thousands):

 

 

June 30,
2021

 

 

December 31,
2020

 

Number of contracts

 

 

18

 

 

 

22

 

Notional amount (in United States dollars)

 

$

6,140

 

 

$

3,860

 

Notional amount (in Canadian dollars)

 

 

7,490

 

 

 

4,949

 

 

Interest Rate Swap Derivatives

Avista Corp. is affected by fluctuating interest rates related to a portion of its existing debt, and future borrowing requirements. Avista Corp. hedges a portion of its interest rate risk with financial derivative instruments, which may include interest rate swap derivatives and U.S. Treasury lock agreements. These interest rate swap derivatives and U.S. Treasury lock agreements are considered economic hedges against fluctuations in future cash flows associated with anticipated debt issuances.

The following table summarizes the unsettled interest rate swap derivatives that Avista Corp. has outstanding as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 (dollars in thousands):

Balance Sheet Date

 

Number of
Contracts

 

 

Notional
Amount

 

 

Mandatory
Cash Settlement
Date

June 30, 2021

 

 

4

 

 

$

45,000

 

 

2021

 

 

12

 

 

 

130,000

 

 

2022

 

 

1

 

 

 

10,000

 

 

2023

December 31, 2020

 

 

4

 

 

$

45,000

 

 

2021

 

 

11

 

 

 

120,000

 

 

2022

 

 

1

 

 

 

10,000

 

 

2023

The fair value of outstanding interest rate swap derivatives can vary significantly from period to period depending on the total notional amount of swap derivatives outstanding and fluctuations in market interest rates compared to the interest rates fixed by the swaps. Avista Corp. is required to make cash payments to settle the interest rate swap derivatives when the fixed rates are higher than prevailing market rates at the date of settlement. Conversely, Avista Corp. receives cash to settle its interest rate swap derivatives when prevailing market rates at the time of settlement exceed the fixed swap rates. 

Summary of Outstanding Derivative Instruments

The amounts recorded on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 reflect the offsetting of derivative assets and liabilities where a legal right of offset exists.

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The following table presents the fair values and locations of derivative instruments recorded on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of June 30, 2021 (in thousands):

 

 

Fair Value

 

Derivative and Balance Sheet Location

 

Gross
Asset

 

 

Gross
Liability

 

 

Collateral
Netted

 

 

Net Asset
(Liability)
on Balance
Sheet

 

Foreign currency exchange derivatives

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other current liabilities

 

$

0

 

 

$

(88

)

 

$

0

 

 

$

(88

)

Interest rate swap derivatives

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other property and investments-net and other non-current assets

 

 

1,318

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

1,318

 

Other current liabilities

 

 

1,966

 

 

 

(38,135

)

 

 

5,850

 

 

 

(30,319

)

Energy commodity derivatives

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other current assets

 

 

3,430

 

 

 

(46

)

 

 

0

 

 

 

3,384

 

Other property and investments-net and other non-current assets

 

 

5,442

 

 

 

(2,425

)

 

 

0

 

 

 

3,017

 

Other current liabilities

 

 

32,554

 

 

 

(41,589

)

 

 

6,166

 

 

 

(2,869

)

Other non-current liabilities and deferred credits

 

 

78

 

 

 

(4,504

)

 

 

0

 

 

 

(4,426

)

Total derivative instruments recorded on the balance sheet

 

$

44,788

 

 

$

(86,787

)

 

$

12,016

 

 

$

(29,983

)

The following table presents the fair values and locations of derivative instruments recorded on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of December 31, 2020 (in thousands):

 

 

Fair Value

 

Derivative and Balance Sheet Location

 

Gross
Asset

 

 

Gross
Liability

 

 

Collateral
Netted

 

 

Net Asset
(Liability)
on Balance
Sheet

 

Foreign currency exchange derivatives

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other current assets

 

$

30

 

 

$

0

 

 

$

0

 

 

$

30

 

Interest rate swap derivatives

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other current liabilities

 

 

0

 

 

 

(19,575

)

 

 

8,050

 

 

 

(11,525

)

Other non-current liabilities and deferred credits

 

 

952

 

 

 

(32,190

)

 

 

0

 

 

 

(31,238

)

Energy commodity derivatives

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other current assets

 

 

9,203

 

 

 

(8,306

)

 

 

0

 

 

 

897

 

Other property and investments-net and other non-current assets

 

 

1,755

 

 

 

(1,159

)

 

 

0

 

 

 

596

 

Other current liabilities

 

 

11,037

 

 

 

(14,007

)

 

 

487

 

 

 

(2,483

)

Other non-current liabilities and deferred credits

 

 

1,725

 

 

 

(8,043

)

 

 

129

 

 

 

(6,189

)

Total derivative instruments recorded on the balance sheet

 

$

24,702

 

 

$

(83,280

)

 

$

8,666

 

 

$

(49,912

)

Exposure to Demands for Collateral

Avista Corp.'s derivative contracts often require collateral (in the form of cash or letters of credit) or other credit enhancements, or reductions or terminations of a portion of the contract through cash settlement. In the event of a downgrade in Avista Corp.'s credit ratings or changes in market prices, additional collateral may be required. In periods of price volatility, the level of exposure can change significantly. As a result, sudden and significant demands may be made against Avista Corp.'s credit facilities and cash. Avista Corp. actively monitors the exposure to possible collateral calls and takes steps to mitigate capital requirements.

The following table presents Avista Corp.'s collateral outstanding related to its derivative instruments as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 (in thousands):

 

 

June 30,

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

Energy commodity derivatives

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash collateral posted

 

$

31,255

 

 

$

4,953

 

Letters of credit outstanding

 

 

20,000

 

 

 

23,500

 

Balance sheet offsetting

 

 

6,166

 

 

 

616

 

Interest rate swap derivatives

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash collateral posted (offset by net derivative positions)

 

 

5,850

 

 

 

8,050

 

 

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Certain of Avista Corp.’s derivative instruments contain provisions that require Avista Corp. to maintain an "investment grade" credit rating from the major credit rating agencies. If Avista Corp.’s credit ratings were to fall below "investment grade," it would be in violation of these provisions, and the counterparties to the derivative instruments could request immediate payment or demand immediate and ongoing collateralization on derivative instruments in net liability positions.

The following table presents the aggregate fair value of all derivative instruments with credit-risk-related contingent features that are in a liability position and the amount of additional collateral Avista Corp. could be required to post as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 (in thousands):

 

 

June 30,

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

Interest rate swap derivatives

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities with credit-risk-related contingent features

 

 

38,135

 

 

 

50,813

 

Additional collateral to post

 

 

32,285

 

 

 

42,763

 

 

NOTE 6. PENSION PLANS AND OTHER POSTRETIREMENT BENEFIT PLANS

Avista Utilities

Avista Utilities’ maintained the same pension and other postretirement plans during the six months ended June 30, 2021 as those described as of December 31, 2020. The Company contributed $28 million in cash to the pension plan for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and it expects to contribute $42 million in 2021.

The Company uses a December 31 measurement date for its defined benefit pension and other postretirement benefit plans. The following table sets forth the components of net periodic benefit costs for the three and six months ended June 30 (dollars in thousands):

 

 

Pension Benefits

 

 

Other Postretirement Benefits

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

Three months ended June 30:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Service cost

 

$

6,254

 

 

$

5,550

 

 

$

897

 

 

$

980

 

Interest cost

 

 

6,530

 

 

 

6,967

 

 

 

1,309

 

 

 

1,524

 

Expected return on plan assets

 

 

(9,704

)

 

 

(8,625

)

 

 

(783

)

 

 

(590

)

Amortization of prior service cost

 

 

75

 

 

 

75

 

 

 

(275

)

 

 

(275

)

Net loss recognition

 

 

1,688

 

 

 

1,679

 

 

 

1,246

 

 

 

1,243

 

Net periodic benefit cost

 

$

4,843

 

 

$

5,646

 

 

$

2,394

 

 

$

2,882

 

Six months ended June 30:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Service cost

 

$

12,500

 

 

$

11,096

 

 

$

1,905

 

 

$

1,959

 

Interest cost

 

 

13,110

 

 

 

13,938

 

 

 

2,685

 

 

 

3,039

 

Expected return on plan assets

 

 

(19,479

)

 

 

(17,750

)

 

 

(1,458

)

 

 

(1,220

)

Amortization of prior service cost

 

 

150

 

 

 

150

 

 

 

(550

)

 

 

(550

)

Net loss recognition

 

 

3,511

 

 

 

3,333

 

 

 

2,419

 

 

 

2,486

 

Net periodic benefit cost

 

$

9,792

 

 

$

10,767

 

 

$

5,001

 

 

$

5,714

 

Total service costs in the table above are recorded to the same accounts as labor expense. Labor and benefits expense is recorded to various projects based on whether the work is a capital project or an operating expense. Approximately 40 percent of all labor and benefits is capitalized to utility property and 60 percent is expensed to utility other operating expenses.

The non-service portion of costs in the table above are recorded to other expense below income from operations in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income or capitalized as a regulatory asset. Approximately 40 percent of the costs are capitalized to regulatory assets and 60 percent is expensed to the income statement.

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NOTE 7. INCOME TAXES

In accordance with interim reporting requirements, the Company uses an estimated annual effective tax rate for computing its provisions for income taxes. An estimate of annual income tax expense (or benefit) is made each interim period using estimates for annual pre-tax income, income tax adjustments, and tax credits. The estimated annual effective tax rates do not include discrete events such as tax law changes, examination settlements, accounting method changes, or adjustments to tax expense or benefits attributable to prior years. Discrete events are recorded in the interim period in which they occur or become known. The estimated annual tax rate is applied to year-to-date pre-tax income to determine income tax expense (or benefit) for the interim period consistent with the annual estimate. In subsequent interim periods, income tax expense (or benefit) for the period is computed as the difference between the year-to-date amount reported for the previous interim period and the current period’s year-to-date amount.

The following table summarizes the significant factors impacting the difference between our effective tax rate and the federal statutory rate for the three and six months ended June 30 (dollars in thousands):

 

 

Three months ended June 30,

 

 

Six months ended June 30,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

Federal income taxes at statutory rates

 

$

3,459

 

 

 

21.0

%

 

$

2,002

 

 

 

21.0

%

 

$

20,297

 

 

 

21.0

%

 

$

13,963

 

 

 

21.0

%

Increase (decrease) in tax resulting from:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tax effect of regulatory treatment of utility
      plant differences

 

 

(3,204

)

 

 

(19.5

)

 

 

(2,415

)

 

 

(25.3

)

 

 

(6,444

)

 

 

(6.7

)

 

 

(4,817

)

 

 

(7.2

)

State income tax expense

 

 

280

 

 

 

1.7

 

 

 

(325

)

 

 

(3.4

)

 

 

832

 

 

 

0.9

 

 

 

902

 

 

 

1.4

 

Non-plant excess deferred turnaround (1)

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

(8,390

)

 

 

(88.0

)

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

(8,476

)

 

 

(12.7

)

Settlement of equity awards

 

 

(21

)

 

 

(0.1

)

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

909

 

 

 

1.0

 

 

 

165

 

 

 

0.1

 

Other

 

 

1,884

 

 

 

11.5

 

 

 

1,209

 

 

 

12.7

 

 

 

(1,032

)

 

 

(1.1

)

 

 

(1,124

)

 

 

(1.7

)

Total income tax expense

 

$

2,398

 

 

 

14.6

%

 

$

(7,919

)

 

 

(83.0

)%

 

$

14,562

 

 

 

15.1

%

 

$

613

 

 

 

0.9

%

(1)
In March 2020, the WUTC approved an all-party settlement agreement related to electric tax benefits that were set aside for Colstrip in the 2020 general rate case order. In the approved settlement agreement, the parties agreed to utilize $10.9 million ($8.4 million when tax-effected) of the electric tax benefits to offset costs associated with accelerating the depreciation of Colstrip Units 3 & 4, to reflect a remaining useful life of those units through December 31, 2025. In the second quarter 2020, the Company recorded a one-time increase to depreciation expense with an offsetting decrease to income tax expense. 

NOTE 8. COMMITTED LINES OF CREDIT

Avista Corp.

Avista Corp. has a committed line of credit with various financial institutions in the total amount of $400.0 million. In June 2021, the Company entered into an amendment to its committed line of credit that extends the expiration date to June 2026, with the option to extend for an additional one year period (subject to customary conditions). The committed line of credit is secured by non-transferable first mortgage bonds of the Company issued to the agent bank that would only become due and payable in the event, and then only to the extent, that the Company defaults on its obligations under the committed line of credit.

Balances outstanding and interest rates of borrowings (excluding letters of credit) under the Company’s revolving committed line of credit were as follows as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 (dollars in thousands):

 

 

June 30,

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

Balance outstanding at end of period

 

$

296,000

 

 

$

102,000

 

Letters of credit outstanding at end of period

 

$

24,118

 

 

$

27,618

 

Average interest rate at end of period

 

 

1.08

%

 

 

1.22

%

 

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As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the borrowings outstanding under Avista Corp.'s committed line of credit were classified as short-term borrowings on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet.

AEL&P

AEL&P has a committed line of credit in the amount of $25.0 million that expires in November 2024. There were 0 borrowings as of June 30, 2021 and $1.0 million as of December 31, 2020, and there were 0 letters of credit outstanding under this committed line of credit as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020. The committed line of credit is secured by non-transferable first mortgage bonds of AEL&P issued to the agent bank that would only become due and payable in the event, and then only to the extent, that AEL&P defaults on its obligations under the committed line of credit.

NOTE 9. CREDIT AGREEMENT

In April 2020, the Company entered into a one-year Credit Agreement with various financial institutions, in the amount of $100.0 million. The Company borrowed the entire $100.0 million in April 2020 and repaid the outstanding balance in April 2021.

NOTE 10. LONG-TERM DEBT TO AFFILIATED TRUSTS

In 1997, the Company issued Floating Rate Junior Subordinated Deferrable Interest Debentures, Series B, with a principal amount of $51.5 million to Avista Capital II, an affiliated business trust formed by the Company. Avista Capital II issued $50.0 million of Preferred Trust Securities with a floating distribution rate of LIBOR plus 0.875 percent, calculated and reset quarterly.

The distribution rates paid were as follows during the six months ended June 30, 2021 and the year ended December 31, 2020:

 

 

June 30,

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

Low distribution rate

 

 

1.01

%

 

 

1.10

%

High distribution rate

 

 

1.10

%

 

 

2.79

%

Distribution rate at the end of the period

 

 

1.01

%

 

 

1.10

%

Concurrent with the issuance of the Preferred Trust Securities, Avista Capital II issued $1.5 million of Common Trust Securities to the Company. The Preferred Trust Securities may be redeemed at the option of Avista Capital II at any time and mature on June 1, 2037. In December 2000, the Company purchased $10.0 million of these Preferred Trust Securities.

The Company owns 100 percent of Avista Capital II and has solely and unconditionally guaranteed the payment of distributions on, and redemption price and liquidation amount for, the Preferred Trust Securities to the extent that Avista Capital II has funds available for such payments from the respective debt securities. Upon maturity or prior redemption of such debt securities, the Preferred Trust Securities will be mandatorily redeemed. The Company does not include these capital trusts in its consolidated financial statements as Avista Corp. is not the primary beneficiary. As such, the sole assets of the capital trusts are $51.5 million of junior subordinated deferrable interest debentures of Avista Corp., which are reflected on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. Interest expense to affiliated trusts in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income represents interest expense on these debentures.

NOTE 11. FAIR VALUE

The carrying values of cash and cash equivalents, accounts and notes receivable, accounts payable, and short-term borrowings are reasonable estimates of their fair values. Long-term debt (including current portion and material capital leases) and long-term debt to affiliated trusts are reported at their carrying value on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, which may be different than the estimated fair value. See below for the estimated fair value of long-term debt and long-term debt to affiliated trusts.

The fair value hierarchy prioritizes the inputs used to measure fair value. The hierarchy gives the highest priority to unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (Level 1 measurement) and the lowest priority to fair values derived from unobservable inputs (Level 3 measurement).

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The three levels of the fair value hierarchy are defined as follows:

Level 1 – Quoted prices are available in active markets for identical assets or liabilities. Active markets are those in which transactions for the asset or liability occur with sufficient frequency and volume to provide pricing information on an ongoing basis.

Level 2 – Pricing inputs are other than quoted prices in active markets included in Level 1, but which are either directly or indirectly observable as of the reporting date. Level 2 includes those financial instruments that are valued using models or other valuation methodologies. These models are primarily industry-standard models that consider various assumptions, including quoted forward prices for commodities, time value, volatility factors, and current market and contractual prices for the underlying instruments, as well as other relevant economic measures. Substantially all of these assumptions are observable in the marketplace throughout the full term of the instrument, can be derived from observable data or are supported by observable levels at which transactions are executed in the marketplace.

Level 3 – Pricing inputs include significant inputs that are generally unobservable from objective sources. These inputs may be used with internally developed methodologies that result in management’s best estimate of fair value.

Financial assets and liabilities are classified in their entirety based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. The Company’s assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurement requires judgment, and may affect the valuation of fair value assets and liabilities and their placement within the fair value hierarchy levels. The determination of the fair values incorporates various factors that not only include the credit standing of the counterparties involved and the impact of credit enhancements (such as cash deposits and letters of credit), but also the impact of Avista Corp.’s nonperformance risk on its liabilities.

The following table sets forth the carrying value and estimated fair value of the Company’s financial instruments not reported at estimated fair value on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 (dollars in thousands):

 

 

June 30, 2021

 

 

December 31, 2020

 

 

 

Carrying
Value

 

 

Estimated
Fair Value

 

 

Carrying
Value

 

 

Estimated
Fair Value

 

Long-term debt (Level 2)

 

$

963,500

 

 

$

1,167,592

 

 

$

963,500

 

 

$

1,189,824

 

Long-term debt (Level 3)

 

 

1,060,000

 

 

 

1,187,539

 

 

 

1,060,000

 

 

 

1,235,248

 

Snettisham finance lease obligation (Level 3)

 

 

50,283

 

 

 

56,200

 

 

 

51,750

 

 

 

58,700

 

Long-term debt to affiliated trusts (Level 3)

 

 

51,547

 

 

 

63,511

 

 

 

51,547

 

 

 

43,815

 

 

These estimates of fair value of long-term debt and long-term debt to affiliated trusts were primarily based on available market information, which generally consists of estimated market prices from third party brokers for debt with similar risk and terms. The price ranges obtained from the third party brokers consisted of par values of 98.02 to 138.97, where a par value of 100.0 represents the carrying value recorded on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. Level 2 long-term debt represents publicly issued bonds with quoted market prices; however, due to their limited trading activity, they are classified as Level 2 because brokers must generate quotes and make estimates if there is no trading activity near a period end. Level 3 long-term debt consists of private placement bonds and debt to affiliated trusts, which typically have no secondary trading activity. Fair values in Level 3 are estimated based on market prices from third party brokers using secondary market quotes for debt with similar risk and terms to generate quotes for Avista Corp. bonds. Due to the unique nature of the Snettisham finance lease obligation, the estimated fair value of these items was determined based on a discounted cash flow model using available market information. The Snettisham finance lease obligation was discounted to present value using the Morgan Markets A Ex-Fin discount rate as published on June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020.

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The following table discloses by level within the fair value hierarchy the Company’s assets and liabilities measured and reported on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 at fair value on a recurring basis (dollars in thousands):

 

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Level 3

 

 

Counterparty
and Cash
Collateral
Netting (1)

 

 

Total

 

June 30, 2021

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Energy commodity derivatives

 

$

0

 

 

$

41,385

 

 

$

0

 

 

$

(34,984

)

 

$

6,401

 

Level 3 energy commodity derivatives:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Natural gas exchange agreement

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

119

 

 

 

(119

)

 

 

0

 

Interest rate swap derivatives

 

 

0

 

 

 

3,284

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

(1,966

)

 

 

1,318

 

Deferred compensation assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mutual Funds:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fixed income securities (2)

 

 

1,963

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

1,963

 

Equity securities (2)

 

 

7,585

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

7,585

 

Total

 

$

9,548

 

 

$

44,669

 

 

$

119

 

 

$

(37,069

)

 

$

17,267

 

Liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Energy commodity derivatives

 

$

0

 

 

$

42,367

 

 

$

0

 

 

$

(41,150

)

 

$

1,217

 

Level 3 energy commodity derivatives:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Natural gas exchange agreement

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

6,197

 

 

 

(119

)

 

 

6,078

 

Foreign currency exchange derivatives

 

 

0

 

 

 

88

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

88

 

Interest rate swap derivatives

 

 

0

 

 

 

38,135

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

(7,816

)

 

 

30,319

 

Total

 

$

0

 

 

$

80,590

 

 

$

6,197

 

 

$

(49,085

)

 

$

37,702

 

December 31, 2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Energy commodity derivatives

 

$

 

 

$

23,645

 

 

$

 

 

$

(22,152

)

 

$

1,493

 

Level 3 energy commodity derivatives:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Natural gas exchange agreement

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

75

 

 

 

(75

)

 

 

 

Foreign currency exchange derivatives

 

 

 

 

 

30

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

30

 

Interest rate swap derivatives

 

 

 

 

 

952

 

 

 

 

 

 

(952

)

 

 

 

Deferred compensation assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mutual Funds:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fixed income securities (2)

 

 

2,471

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,471

 

Equity securities (2)

 

 

6,228

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6,228

 

Total

 

$

8,699

 

 

$

24,627

 

 

$

75

 

 

$

(23,179

)

 

$

10,222

 

Liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Energy commodity derivatives

 

$

 

 

$

23,030

 

 

$

 

 

$

(22,768

)

 

$

262

 

Level 3 energy commodity derivatives:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Natural gas exchange agreement

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8,485

 

 

 

(75

)

 

 

8,410

 

Interest rate swap derivatives

 

 

 

 

 

51,765

 

 

 

 

 

 

(9,002

)

 

 

42,763

 

Total

 

$

 

 

$

74,795

 

 

$

8,485

 

 

$

(31,845

)

 

$

51,435

 

(1)
The Company is permitted to net derivative assets and derivative liabilities with the same counterparty when a legally enforceable master netting agreement exists. In addition, the Company nets derivative assets and derivative liabilities against any payables and receivables for cash collateral held or placed with these same counterparties.
(2)
These assets are included in other property and investments-net and other non-current assets on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

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The difference between the amount of derivative assets and liabilities disclosed in respective levels in the table above and the amount of derivative assets and liabilities disclosed on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets is due to netting arrangements with certain counterparties. See Note 5 for additional discussion of derivative netting.

To establish fair value for energy commodity derivatives, the Company uses quoted market prices and forward price curves to estimate the fair value of energy commodity derivative instruments included in Level 2. In particular, electric derivative valuations are performed using market quotes, adjusted for periods in between quotable periods. Natural gas derivative valuations are estimated using New York Mercantile Exchange pricing for similar instruments, adjusted for basin differences, using market quotes. Where observable inputs are available for substantially the full term of the contract, the derivative asset or liability is included in Level 2.

To establish fair values for interest rate swap derivatives, the Company uses forward market curves for interest rates for the term of the swaps and discounts the cash flows back to present value using an appropriate discount rate. The discount rate is calculated by third party brokers according to the terms of the swap derivatives and evaluated by the Company for reasonableness, with consideration given to the potential non-performance risk by the Company. Future cash flows of the interest rate swap derivatives are equal to the fixed interest rate in the swap compared to the floating market interest rate multiplied by the notional amount for each period.

To establish fair value for foreign currency derivatives, the Company uses forward market curves for Canadian dollars against the US dollar and multiplies the difference between the locked-in price and the market price by the notional amount of the derivative. Forward foreign currency market curves are provided by third party brokers. The Company's credit spread is factored into the locked-in price of the foreign exchange contracts.

Deferred compensation assets and liabilities represent funds held by the Company in a Rabbi Trust for an executive deferral plan. These funds consist of actively traded equity and bond funds with quoted prices in active markets. The balance disclosed in the table above excludes cash and cash equivalents of $0.1 million and $0.5 million as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.

Level 3 Fair Value

The following table presents the quantitative information which was used to estimate the fair values of the Level 3 assets and liabilities above as of June 30, 2021 (dollars in thousands):

 

 

Fair Value
(Net) at

 

 

Valuation

 

Unobservable

 

Range and Weighted

 

 

June 30, 2021

 

 

Technique

 

Input

 

Average Price

Natural gas exchange agreement

 

$

(6,078

)

 

Internally derived weighted average cost of gas

 

Forward purchase

 

$1.97 - $4.10/mmBTU
$
2.49 Weighted Average

 

 

 

 

 

 

Forward sales prices

 

$2.09 - $5.08/mmBTU
$
3.69 Weighted Average

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchase volumes

 

40,000 - 310,000 mmBTUs

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sales volumes

 

75,000 - 310,000 mmBTUs

 

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The following table presents activity for energy commodity derivative assets (liabilities) measured at fair value using significant unobservable inputs (Level 3) for the six months ended June 30 (dollars in thousands):

 

 

Natural Gas
Exchange
Agreement

 

Three months ended June 30, 2021:

 

 

 

Balance as of March 31, 2021

 

$

(6,201

)

Total gains or (losses) (realized/unrealized):

 

 

 

Included in regulatory assets/liabilities (1)

 

 

268

 

Settlements

 

 

(145

)

Ending balance as of June 30, 2021 (2)

 

$

(6,078

)

Three months ended June 30, 2020:

 

 

 

Balance as of March 31, 2020

 

$

(2,253

)

Total gains or (losses) (realized/unrealized):

 

 

 

Included in regulatory assets/liabilities (1)

 

 

(391

)

Settlements

 

 

16

 

Ending balance as of June 30, 2020 (2)

 

$

(2,628

)

Six months ended June 30, 2021:

 

 

 

Balance as of December 31, 2020

 

$

(8,410

)

Total gains (realized/unrealized):

 

 

 

Included in regulatory assets/liabilities (1)

 

 

3,488

 

Settlements

 

 

(1,156

)

Ending balance as of June 30, 2021 (2)

 

$

(6,078

)

Six months ended June 30, 2020:

 

 

 

Balance as of December 31, 2019

 

$

(2,976

)

Total gains (realized/unrealized):

 

 

 

Included in regulatory assets/liabilities (1)

 

 

94

 

Settlements

 

 

254

 

Ending balance as of June 30, 2020 (2)

 

$

(2,628

)

(1)
All gains and losses are included in other regulatory assets and liabilities. There were no gains and losses included in either net income or other comprehensive income during any of the periods presented in the table above.
(2)
There were no purchases, issuances or transfers from other categories of any derivatives instruments during the periods presented in the table above. 

NOTE 12. COMMON STOCK

The Company has board and regulatory authority to issue approximately 3.9 million shares of common stock in public offerings. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, the Company issued 0.3 million shares under the sales agency agreements relating to the Company's periodic offering program.

NOTE 13. ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE LOSS

Accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of tax, consisted of the following as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 (dollars in thousands):

 

 

June 30,
2021

 

 

December 31,
2020

 

Unfunded benefit obligation for pensions and other postretirement benefit plans -
   net of taxes of $
3,656 and $3,822, respectively

 

$

13,755

 

 

$

14,378

 

 

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The following table details the reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive loss to net income by component for the three and six months ended June 30 (dollars in thousands):

 

 

Amounts Reclassified from Accumulated Other
Comprehensive Loss

 

 

 

Three months ended June 30,

 

 

Six months ended June 30,

 

Details about Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss Components
(Affected Line Item in Statement of Income)

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

Amortization of defined benefit pension and
postretirement benefit items

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amortization of net prior service cost (a)

 

$

(200

)

 

$

(200

)

 

$

(400

)

 

$

(400

)

Amortization of net loss (a)

 

 

2,739

 

 

 

3,121

 

 

 

5,930

 

 

 

6,221

 

Adjustment due to effects of regulation (a)

 

 

(2,149

)

 

 

(2,642

)

 

 

(4,741

)

 

 

(5,283

)

Total before tax (b)

 

 

390

 

 

 

279

 

 

 

789

 

 

 

538

 

Tax expense (b)

 

 

(82

)

 

 

(59

)

 

 

(166

)

 

 

(113

)

Net of tax (b)

 

$

308

 

 

$

220

 

 

$

623

 

 

$

425

 

(a)
These accumulated other comprehensive loss components are included in the computation of net periodic pension cost (see Note 6 for additional details).
(b)
Description is also the affected line item on the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Income. 

NOTE 14. EARNINGS PER COMMON SHARE

The following table presents the computation of basic and diluted earnings per common share for the three and six months ended June 30 (in thousands, except per share amounts):

 

 

Three months ended June 30,

 

 

Six months ended June 30,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

Numerator:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

14,074

 

 

$

17,453

 

 

$

82,091

 

 

$

65,877

 

Denominator:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted-average number of common shares outstanding-basic

 

 

69,404

 

 

 

67,481

 

 

 

69,348

 

 

 

67,360

 

Effect of dilutive securities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Performance and restricted stock awards

 

 

130

 

 

 

108

 

 

 

172

 

 

 

125

 

Weighted-average number of common shares outstanding-diluted

 

 

69,534

 

 

 

67,589

 

 

 

69,520

 

 

 

67,485

 

Earnings per common share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

$

0.20

 

 

$

0.26

 

 

$

1.18

 

 

$

0.98

 

Diluted

 

$

0.20

 

 

$

0.26

 

 

$

1.18

 

 

$

0.98

 

There were 0 shares excluded from the calculation because they were antidilutive.

NOTE 15. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

In the course of its business, the Company becomes involved in various claims, controversies, disputes and other contingent matters, including the items described in this Note. Some of these claims, controversies, disputes and other contingent matters involve litigation or other contested proceedings. For all such matters, the Company intends to vigorously protect and defend its interests and pursue its rights. However, no assurance can be given as to the ultimate outcome of any particular matter because litigation and other contested proceedings are inherently subject to numerous uncertainties. For matters that affect Avista Utilities’ or AEL&P's operations, the Company intends to seek, to the extent appropriate, recovery of incurred costs through the ratemaking process.

Boyds Fire (State of Washington Department of Natural Resources (DNR) v. Avista)

In August 2019, the Company was served with a complaint, captioned “State of Washington Department of Natural Resources v. Avista Corporation,” seeking recovery up to $4.4 million for fire suppression and investigation costs and related expenses incurred in connection with a wildfire that occurred in Ferry County, Washington in August 2018. Specifically, the complaint alleges that the fire, which became known as the “Boyds Fire,” was caused by a dead ponderosa pine tree falling into an overhead distribution line, and

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that Avista Corp. was negligent in failing to identify and remove the tree before it came into contact with the line. Avista Corp. disputes that the tree in question was the cause of the fire and that it was negligent in failing to identify and remove it. Additional lawsuits have subsequently been filed by private landowners seeking property damages, and holders of insurance subrogation claims seeking recovery of insurance proceeds paid.

The lawsuits were filed in the Superior Court of Ferry County, Washington and subsequently consolidated into a single action. The Company intends to vigorously defend itself in the litigation. However, the Company cannot predict the outcome of these matters. 

Labor Day Windstorm

General

In September 2020, a severe windstorm occurred in eastern Washington and northern Idaho. The extreme weather event resulted in customer outages and the cause of multiple wildfires in the region.

The Company has become aware of instances where, during the course of the storm, trees and limbs, located in areas outside its maintenance right-of-way, broke under the extraordinary wind conditions and caused damage to its energy delivery system at or near what is believed to be the potential area of origin of a wildfire. Those instances include what has been referred to as: the Babb Road fire (near Malden and Pine City, Washington); the Christensen Road fire (near Airway Heights, Washington); and the Mile Marker 49 fire (near Orofino, Idaho). These wildfires covered, in total, approximately 22,000 acres. The Company currently estimates approximately 230 residential, commercial and other structures were impacted. Parallel investigations by applicable state agencies are ongoing, and the Company is cooperating with those efforts. With respect to the Christensen Road Fire and the Mile Marker 49 Fire, the Company’s investigation determined that the primary cause of the fires was extreme high winds. To date, the Company has not found any evidence that the fires were caused by any deficiencies in its equipment, maintenance activities or vegetation management practices. See further discussion below regarding the Babb Road Fire.

In addition to the instances identified above, the Company is aware of a 5-acre fire that occurred in Colfax, Washington, which damaged several residential structures. The Company’s investigation determined that the Company’s facilities were not involved in the ignition of this fire in any way. 

The Company contends that there is no evidence of negligence and intends to vigorously defend any claims for damages that may be asserted against it with respect to the wildfires arising out of the extreme wind event.

Babb Road Fire

On May 14, 2021 the Company learned that the DNR had completed its investigation and issued a report on the Babb Road Fire. The Babb Road fire covered approximately 15,000 acres and destroyed approximately 220 structures. There are no reports of personal injury or death resulting from the fire.

The DNR report concluded, among other things, that

the fire was ignited when a branch of a multi-dominant Ponderosa Pine tree was broken off by the wind and fell on an Avista Corp. distribution line;
the tree was located approximately 30 feet from the center of Avista Corp.’s distribution line and approximately 20 feet beyond Avista Corp.’s right-of-way;
the tree showed some evidence of insect damage, damage at the top of the tree from porcupines, a small area of scarring where a lateral branch/leader (LBL) had apparently broken off in the past, and some past signs of Gall Rust disease. 

The DNR report concluded as follows: “It is my opinion that because of the unusual configuration of the tree, and its proximity to the powerline, a closer inspection was warranted. A nearer inspection of the tree should have revealed the cut LBL ends and its previous failure, and necessitated determination of the failure potential of the adjacent LBL, implicated in starting the Babb Road Fire.”

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The DNR report acknowledged that, other than the multi-dominant nature of the tree, the conditions mentioned above would not have been easily visible without close-up inspection of, or cutting into, the tree. The report also acknowledged that, while the presence of multiple tops would have been visible from the nearby roadway, the tree did not fail at a v-fork due to the presence of multiple tops. The Company contends that applicable inspection standards did not require a closer inspection of the otherwise healthy tree, nor was the Company in any way negligent with respect to its maintenance, inspection or vegetation management practices. The Company intends to vigorously defend any such assertion, if made. At this time, no material claims have been asserted against Avista Corp. for damages resulting from the Babb Road Fire. 

Colstrip

The Washington CETA imposes deadlines by which coal-fired resources, such as Colstrip, must be excluded from the rate base of Washington utilities and by which electricity from such resources may no longer be delivered to Washington retail customers. Not all of the co-owners of Colstrip Units 3 & 4 are Washington utilities subject to CETA, and the co-owners have differing needs for the generating capacity of these units. Accordingly, business disagreements have arisen among the co-owners, including, but not limited to, disagreements as to the shut-down date or dates of these units. These business disagreements, in turn, have led to disagreements as to the interpretation of the Ownership and Operating Agreement, including, but not limited to, the rights of the co-owners to discontinue operations of, or otherwise terminate their interest in, Unit 3 and/or Unit 4. The Ownership and Operating Agreement does contain an arbitration clause that dictates a dispute resolution process to address and resolve these disagreements. At least one owner, Talen Montana, has challenged the validity of the arbitration clause contained in the Ownership and Operating Agreement on the basis that it is not consistent with recently-enacted amendments to Montana Code Section 27-5-323. Along with a majority of the owners of Colstrip, the Company has initiated legal proceedings in Washington to compel arbitration in accordance with the Ownership and Operating Agreement, as well as legal proceedings in Montana to challenge the constitutionality of the amendments to Montana Code Section 27-5-323. 

In addition to amending Montana Code Section 27-5-323, during the course of the 2021 legislative session the Montana Legislature passed Senate Bill 266, which amended Montana’s Consumer Protection Act (MC 30-14-103 et seq.) to make (i) the failure or refusal of an owner of Colstrip to fund its share of operating costs, and (ii) conduct by one or more of the owners of Colstrip to bring about permanent closure of a generating unit of Colstrip without seeking and obtaining the unanimous consent of the owners, an unfair or deceptive act or practice in the conduct of trade or commerce under Montana’s Consumer Protection Act. Along with a majority of the owners of Colstrip, the Company has initiated legal proceedings to challenge the constitutionality of Senate Bill 266. The Company intends to vigorously defend and protect its interests (and those of its stakeholders) in this and all other legal proceedings relating to Colstrip. 

The Company is not able to predict the outcome, nor an amount or range of potential impact in the event of an outcome that is adverse to the Company’s interests.

National Park Service (NPS) - Natural and Cultural Damage Claim

In March 2017, the Company accessed property managed by the National Park Service (NPS) to prevent the imminent failure of a power pole that was surrounded by flood water in the Spokane River. The Company voluntarily reported its actions to the NPS several days later. Thereafter, in March 2018, the NPS notified the Company that it might seek recovery for unspecified costs and damages allegedly caused during the incident pursuant to the System Unit Resource Protection Act (SURPA), 54 U.S.C. 100721 et seq. Almost three years later, in January 2021, the United States Department of Justice (DOJ) requested that the Company and the DOJ renew discussions relating to the matter. By letter dated July 7, 2021, the DOJ communicated that it may seek damages of approximately $2 million in connection with the incident for alleged damage to "natural and cultural resources". In addition, the DOJ indicated that it may seek treble damages under the SURPA and state law, bringing its total potential claim to approximately $6 million.   

The Company disputes the position taken by the DOJ with respect to the incident, as well as the nature and extent of the DOJ’s alleged damages, and will vigorously defend itself in any litigation that may arise with respect to the matter. The Company and the DOJ have agreed to engage in fact finding discussions to understand their respective positions and determine whether a resolution of the dispute may be possible. However, the Company cannot predict the outcome of the matter. 

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Other Contingencies

In the normal course of business, the Company has various other legal claims and contingent matters outstanding. The Company believes that any ultimate liability arising from these actions will not have a material impact on its financial condition, results of operations or cash flows. It is possible that a change could occur in the Company’s estimates of the probability or amount of a liability being incurred. Such a change, should it occur, could be significant. See "Note 22 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements" in the 2020 Form 10-K for additional discussion regarding other contingencies.

NOTE 16. INFORMATION BY BUSINESS SEGMENTS

The business segment presentation reflects the basis used by the Company's management to analyze performance and determine the allocation of resources. The Company's management evaluates performance based on income (loss) from operations before income taxes as well as net income (loss). The accounting policies of the segments are the same as those described in the summary of significant accounting policies. Avista Utilities' business is managed based on the total regulated utility operation; therefore, it is considered one segment. AEL&P is a separate reportable business segment, as it has separate financial reports that are reviewed in detail by the Chief Operating Decision Maker and its operations and risks are sufficiently different from Avista Utilities and the other businesses at AERC that it cannot be aggregated with any other operating segments. The Other category, which is not a reportable segment, includes other investments and operations of various subsidiaries, as well as certain other operations of Avista Capital.

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The following table presents information for each of the Company’s business segments (dollars in thousands):

 

 

 

Avista
Utilities

 

 

Alaska
Electric
Light and
Power
Company

 

 

Total Utility

 

 

Other

 

 

Intersegment
Eliminations
(1)

 

 

Total

 

For the three months ended June 30, 2021:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating revenues

 

$

287,560

 

 

$

10,547

 

 

$

298,107

 

 

$

148

 

 

$

0

 

 

$

298,255

 

Resource costs

 

 

89,515

 

 

 

1,163

 

 

 

90,678

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

90,678

 

Other operating expenses

 

 

90,728

 

 

 

3,325

 

 

 

94,053

 

 

 

1,159

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

95,212

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

53,569

 

 

 

2,497

 

 

 

56,066

 

 

 

73

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

56,139

 

Income (loss) from operations

 

 

29,561

 

 

 

3,275

 

 

 

32,836

 

 

 

(1,084

)

 

 

0

 

 

 

31,752

 

Interest expense (2)

 

 

24,608

 

 

 

1,523

 

 

 

26,131

 

 

 

131

 

 

 

(25

)

 

 

26,237

 

Income taxes

 

 

585

 

 

 

468

 

 

 

1,053

 

 

 

1,345

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

2,398

 

Net income

 

 

7,717

 

 

 

1,299

 

 

 

9,016

 

 

 

5,058

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

14,074

 

Capital expenditures (3)

 

 

114,441

 

 

 

2,183

 

 

 

116,624

 

 

 

537

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

117,161

 

For the three months ended June 30, 2020:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating revenues

 

$

268,340

 

 

$

9,997

 

 

$

278,337

 

 

$

255

 

 

$

0

 

 

$

278,592

 

Resource costs

 

 

67,069

 

 

 

896

 

 

 

67,965

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

67,965

 

Other operating expenses

 

 

83,140

 

 

 

3,064

 

 

 

86,204

 

 

 

659

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

86,863

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

61,462

 

 

 

2,446

 

 

 

63,908

 

 

 

188

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

64,096

 

Income (loss) from operations

 

 

32,217

 

 

 

3,302

 

 

 

35,519

 

 

 

(593

)

 

 

0

 

 

 

34,926

 

Interest expense (2)

 

 

24,188

 

 

 

1,561

 

 

 

25,749

 

 

 

130

 

 

 

(47

)

 

 

25,832

 

Income taxes

 

 

(8,004

)

 

 

480

 

 

 

(7,524

)

 

 

(395

)

 

 

0

 

 

 

(7,919

)

Net income (loss)

 

 

17,605

 

 

 

1,328

 

 

 

18,933

 

 

 

(1,480

)

 

 

0

 

 

 

17,453

 

Capital expenditures (3)

 

 

91,867

 

 

 

2,087

 

 

 

93,954

 

 

 

477

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

94,431

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2021:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating revenues

 

$

687,420

 

 

$

23,368

 

 

$

710,788

 

 

$

337

 

 

$

0

 

 

$

711,125

 

Resource costs

 

 

223,355

 

 

 

1,902

 

 

 

225,257

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

225,257

 

Other operating expenses

 

 

175,327

 

 

 

6,281

 

 

 

181,608

 

 

 

2,343

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

183,951

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

106,293

 

 

 

4,994

 

 

 

111,287

 

 

 

200

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

111,487

 

Income (loss) from operations

 

 

126,254

 

 

 

9,599

 

 

 

135,853

 

 

 

(2,206

)

 

 

0

 

 

 

133,647

 

Interest expense (2)

 

 

49,408

 

 

 

3,048

 

 

 

52,456

 

 

 

260

 

 

 

(66

)

 

 

52,650

 

Income taxes

 

 

11,303

 

 

 

1,801

 

 

 

13,104

 

 

 

1,458

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

14,562

 

Net income

 

 

71,775

 

 

 

4,775

 

 

 

76,550

 

 

 

5,541

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

82,091

 

Capital expenditures (3)

 

 

210,835

 

 

 

2,992

 

 

 

213,827

 

 

 

565

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

214,392

 

For the six months ended June 30, 2020:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating revenues

 

$

645,545

 

 

$

22,199

 

 

$

667,744

 

 

$

1,078

 

 

$

0

 

 

$

668,822

 

Resource costs

 

 

196,625

 

 

 

887

 

 

 

197,512

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

197,512

 

Other operating expenses

 

 

174,420

 

 

 

6,280

 

 

 

180,700

 

 

 

2,019

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

182,719

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

110,436

 

 

 

4,893

 

 

 

115,329

 

 

 

423

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

115,752

 

Income (loss) from operations

 

 

108,935

 

 

 

9,548

 

 

 

118,483

 

 

 

(1,364

)

 

 

0

 

 

 

117,119

 

Interest expense (2)

 

 

49,171

 

 

 

3,149

 

 

 

52,320

 

 

 

262

 

 

 

(132

)

 

 

52,450

 

Income taxes

 

 

(600

)

 

 

1,781

 

 

 

1,181

 

 

 

(568

)

 

 

0

 

 

 

613

 

Net income (loss)

 

 

63,584

 

 

 

4,723

 

 

 

68,307

 

 

 

(2,430

)

 

 

0

 

 

 

65,877

 

Capital expenditures (3)

 

 

185,923

 

 

 

3,557

 

 

 

189,480

 

 

 

586

 

 

 

0

 

 

 

190,066

 

Total Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As of June 30, 2021:

 

$

6,272,062

 

 

$

270,922

 

 

$

6,542,984

 

 

$

116,654

 

 

$

(13,337

)

 

$

6,646,301

 

As of December 31, 2020:

 

$

6,035,340

 

 

$

268,971

 

 

$

6,304,311

 

 

$

109,658

 

 

$

(11,872

)

 

$

6,402,097

 

(1)
Intersegment eliminations reported as interest expense represent intercompany interest.
(2)
Including interest expense to affiliated trusts.
(3)
The capital expenditures for the other businesses are included in other investing activities on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows. 

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REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

To the Shareholders and Board of Directors of

Avista Corporation

Spokane, Washington

Results of Review of Interim Financial Information

We have reviewed the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet of Avista Corporation and subsidiaries (the "Company") as of June 30, 2021, the related condensed consolidated statements of income, comprehensive income, and equity, for the three-month and six-month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 and of cash flows for the six-month periods ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 and the related notes (collectively referred to as the "interim financial information"). Based on our reviews, we are not aware of any material modifications that should be made to the accompanying interim financial information for it to be in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

We have previously audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the consolidated balance sheet of the Company as of December 31, 2020, and the related consolidated statements of income, comprehensive income, equity, and cash flows for the year then ended (not presented herein); and in our report dated February 23, 2021, we expressed an unqualified opinion on those consolidated financial statements. In our opinion, the information set forth in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2020, is fairly stated, in all material respects, in relation to the consolidated balance sheet from which it has been derived.

Basis for Review Results

This interim financial information is the responsibility of the Company's management. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

We conducted our reviews in accordance with standards of the PCAOB. A review of interim financial information consists principally of applying analytical procedures and making inquiries of persons responsible for financial and accounting matters. It is substantially less in scope than an audit conducted in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB, the objective of which is the expression of an opinion regarding the financial statements taken as a whole. Accordingly, we do not express such an opinion.

/s/ Deloitte & Touche LLP

Portland, Oregon

August 3, 2021

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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations has been prepared in accordance with the SEC’s Regulation S-K for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q. This Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations does not contain the full detail or analysis that would accompany financial statements for a full fiscal year; therefore, it should be read in conjunction with the Company's 2020 Form 10-K.

Business Segments

Our business segments have not changed during the six months ended June 30, 2021. See the 2020 Form 10-K as well as “Note 16 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements” for further information regarding our business segments.

The following table presents net income for each of our business segments (and the other businesses) for the three and six months ended June 30 (dollars in thousands):

 

 

Three months ended June 30,

 

 

Six months ended June 30,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

Avista Utilities

 

$

7,717

 

 

$

17,605

 

 

$

71,775

 

 

$

63,584

 

AEL&P

 

 

1,299

 

 

 

1,328

 

 

 

4,775

 

 

 

4,723

 

Other

 

 

5,058

 

 

 

(1,480

)

 

 

5,541

 

 

 

(2,430

)

Net income

 

$

14,074

 

 

$

17,453

 

 

$

82,091

 

 

$

65,877

 

Executive Level Summary

Overall Results

Avista Utilities' net income for the three months ended June 30, 2021 decreased compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020 primarily due to a decrease in utility margin (operating revenues less resource costs) as a result of higher power supply costs and to higher operating and maintenance costs. These higher resource costs were partially offset by increases in revenues attributable to an increase in loads from non-decoupled customers due to weather that was warmer than the second quarter of 2020, eased COVID-19 restrictions, and customer growth. Net income for the first half of 2021 increased compared to the first half of 2020 primarily due to an increase in utility margin as a result of general rate increases, non-decoupled revenue growth and customer growth, which were partially offset by higher power supply costs. In addition, the first half of 2020 included an accrual for customer refunds related to the outcome of our 2015 Washington general rate cases, an accrual for disallowed replacement power during an unplanned outage at Colstrip and a contribution to the Colstrip community fund.

The increase in net income at our other businesses was primarily due to increased earnings from our investments and the sale of certain subsidiary assets associated with the Spokane Steam Plant during the second quarter. During the first half of 2020, we had impairment losses and accruals for bad debt.

More detailed explanations of the fluctuations are provided in the results of operations and business segment discussions (Avista Utilities, AEL&P, and the other businesses) that follow this section.

Heat Wave

At the end of June 2021, the Pacific Northwest experienced an unprecedented heat wave. Many locations set all-time high temperature records. Our peak electric native load requirement was 1,889 MW on June 30, 2021, the highest in the Company’s history. As a result of the high system loads and the strain on the electric grid, we implemented focused, protective outages that impacted 22,000 electric customers. These outages were a protective measure intended to minimize broader customer impact and prevent extensive damage to the system that could have resulted in prolonged outages. The protective outages did not have a material impact on our electric revenue.

The second quarter is usually our highest hydroelectric generation period and we often have excess generation to sell into the wholesale markets, which benefits our net power supply costs. This did not occur at expected levels in 2021 due, for the most part, to the hot and dry weather conditions throughout the Pacific Northwest, which resulted in higher than usual customer loads and lower

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than usual hydroelectric generation. This condition was compounded by our thermal plants having planned maintenance outages and being off-line during the first part of the heat wave.

Consequently, we had higher than usual net power supply costs primarily due to higher customer loads, lower than normal hydroelectric generation, as well as higher market prices for purchased power and natural gas for fuel. Our position in the ERM in Washington moved from a benefit of $4.3 million at March 31, 2021 to an expense of $3.3 million at June 30, 2021.  

COVID-19 Pandemic

The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted our business, as well as the global, national and local economies. However, as we progress through 2021, the economies in our service territory have opened, and we expect vaccinations and a decrease in COVID-19 cases to make the impacts of the pandemic less severe than the prior year. This was the case in the second quarter. The pandemic has affected and may continue to affect our results of operations, financial condition, liquidity and cash flows in the following ways:

Results of Operations

We expect continued economic recovery and improvement in employment through the remainder of 2021. We have decoupling and other regulatory mechanisms in Washington, Idaho and Oregon, which mitigate the impact of changes in loads and revenues for residential and certain commercial customer classes. Over 90 percent of our utility revenue is covered by regulatory mechanisms.

Customer disconnections for non-payment in our Washington jurisdiction continue to be suspended until September 30, 2021. In our Oregon jurisdiction, customer disconnections for non-payment resumed August 1, 2021.

We have received accounting orders in each of our jurisdictions to defer the recognition of COVID-19 expenses as well as identified cost savings of other COVID-19 related benefits. As of June 30, 2021, we have deferred a cumulative regulatory asset of $14.3 million and a cumulative regulatory liability of $12.7 million for COVID-19 related items among all jurisdictions. As of December 31, 2020, we had deferred a cumulative regulatory asset of $8.2 million and a cumulative regulatory liability of $10.9 million among all jurisdictions.

Financial Condition, Liquidity and Cash Flows

After considering the impacts of COVID-19, and the issuances of long-term debt and equity during 2021, we expect net cash flows from operations, together with cash available under our committed lines of credit, to provide adequate resources to fund capital expenditures, dividends, and other contractual commitments.

We cannot predict the duration and severity of the COVID-19 pandemic or if emerging variants will result in the reimplementation of economic restrictions. The longer and more severe the economic restrictions and business disruption, the greater the impact on our operations, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.

Regulatory Matters

General Rate Cases

We regularly review the need for electric and natural gas rate changes in each state in which we provide service. We expect to continue to file for rate adjustments to:

seek recovery of operating costs and capital investments, and
seek the opportunity to earn reasonable returns as allowed by regulators.

With regards to the timing and plans for future filings, the assessment of our need for rate relief and the development of rate case plans takes into consideration short-term and long-term needs, as well as specific factors that can affect the timing of rate filings. Such factors include, but are not limited to, in-service dates of major capital investments and the timing of changes in major revenue and expense items.

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Avista Utilities

Washington General Rate Cases

2019 General Rate Cases

In March 2020, we received an order from the WUTC that approved a partial multi-party settlement agreement. The approved rates were designed to increase annual base electric revenues by $28.5 million, or 5.7 percent, and annual natural gas base revenues by $8.0 million, or 8.5 percent, effective April 1, 2020. The revenue increases incorporate a 9.4 percent return on equity (ROE) with a common equity ratio of 48.5 percent and a ROR of 7.21 percent.

As part of the WUTC order, we are returning approximately $40 million from the ERM rebate to customers over a two-year period.

Included in the WUTC order was the acceleration of depreciation of Colstrip Units 3 & 4 to reflect a remaining useful life through December 31, 2025. The order utilized certain electric tax benefits associated with the 2018 tax reform to partially offset these increased costs. The order also sets aside $3 million for community transition efforts to mitigate the impacts of the eventual closure of Colstrip, half funded by customers and half funded by our shareholders. We recorded this liability and recognized the shareholder portion of the expense in the first quarter of 2020. The funds were issued to the Montana Community Fund in the first quarter of 2021.

Lastly, the order included the extension of electric and natural gas decoupling mechanisms through March 31, 2025, with one modification in that new customers added after any test period will not be decoupled until included in a future test period.

2020 General Rate Cases

In October 2020, we filed electric and natural gas general rate cases with the WUTC. We have requested an overall increase in base electric revenues of $44.2 million (or 8.3 percent), which would be entirely offset by a tax credit to customers of the same amount. Additionally, we have requested an overall increase in base natural gas revenues of $12.8 million (or 12.2 percent), which would be entirely offset by a tax credit to customers of the same amount for a period of time. The revenue increases incorporate a 9.9 percent ROE with a common equity ratio of 50 percent and a ROR of 7.43 percent. Included in our general rate case requests are the recovery of our Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) project costs. AMI project costs represented 42 percent of our electric base rate request and 54 percent of our natural gas base rate request.

In May 2021, we reached a partial settlement agreement with certain parties to our Washington electric and natural gas general rate cases and submitted the partial settlement agreement to the WUTC for its consideration. Under the partial settlement stipulation, the settling parties have reached agreement on issues in the areas of power supply, costs and benefits related to joining the Western Energy Imbalance Market, a special contract with a large industrial customer, and other issues. 

In May 2021, we filed our Rebuttal Testimony, which was responsive to the testimonies filed by other parties to the case in April 2021 and addressed the remaining issues. We lowered our requested revenue requirement from $44.2 million electric and $12.8 million natural gas to $40.2 million electric and $10.7 million natural gas, reflecting updated information learned during the pendency of the case. We continue to support a 9.9 percent ROE and a common equity ratio of 50 percent. A final order is expected prior to the rate effective date of October 1, 2021.

Washington Engrossed Substitute Senate Bill 5295

This bill, which was signed into law and is effective as of July 25, 2021, is designed to promote multi-year rate plans and performance-based rate making for electric and natural gas utilities. The bill includes a number of provisions such as required multi-year rate plans from 2-4 years in length, methodologies the WUTC may use to minimize regulatory lag and/or adjust for under earning and starts an investigation into Performance Based Ratemaking Metrics, an initial move that may help to modify the historical test-year ratemaking construct. The new law leaves much to the discretion of the WUTC, and we cannot predict the extent to which the WUTC will embrace the options now permitted.

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Idaho General Rate Cases

2021 General Rate Cases

In January 2021, we filed electric and natural gas general rate cases with the IPUC. The proposal is a two-year rate plan, with new rates taking effect September 1, 2021 and September 1, 2022.

In June 2021, all parties to our Idaho electric and natural gas general rate cases reached a settlement agreement that has been submitted to the IPUC for consideration.

The proposed rates under the settlement agreement are designed to increase annual base electric revenues by $10.6 million, or 4.3 percent, effective September 1, 2021, and $8.0 million, or 3.1 percent, effective September 1, 2022. For natural gas, the proposed rates under the settlement agreement are designed to decrease annual base natural gas revenues by $1.6 million, or 3.7 percent, effective September 1, 2021, and increase annual base revenues by $0.9 million, or 2.2 percent, effective September 1, 2022. The parties have agreed to use the customer tax credits included in our original filing to offset overall proposed changes to electric and natural gas rates over the two-year plan.

The settlement is based on a 9.4 percent ROE with a common equity ratio of 50 percent and a ROR of 7.05 percent.

Oregon General Rate Cases

2020 General Rate Case

In March 2020, we filed a natural gas general rate case with the OPUC.

Through several settlement stipulations the parties resolved all issues in the general rate case and in December 2020, the OPUC approved the settlement stipulations.

These stipulations approved by the OPUC were designed to increase annual base revenue by $3.9 million, or 5.7 percent, effective January 16, 2021. The approved ROE is 9.4 percent, with a common equity ratio of 50 percent and a ROR of 7.24 percent.

2021 General Rate Case

We expect to file a natural gas general rate case with the OPUC in the fourth quarter of 2021.

AEL&P

Alaska General Rate Case

AEL&P is required to file its next general rate case by August 30, 2022.

Avista Utilities

Purchased Gas Adjustments

PGAs are designed to pass through changes in natural gas costs to Avista Utilities' customers with no change in utility margin (operating revenues less resource costs) or net income. In Oregon, we absorb (cost or benefit) 10 percent of the difference between actual and projected natural gas costs included in retail rates for supply that is not hedged. Total net deferred natural gas costs among all jurisdictions were assets of $8.7 million and $1.4 million as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.

Power Cost Deferrals and Recovery Mechanisms

The ERM is an accounting method used to track certain differences between Avista Utilities' actual power supply costs, net of wholesale sales and sales of fuel, and the amount included in base retail rates for our Washington customers. Under the ERM, Avista Utilities makes an annual filing on or before April 1 of each year to provide the opportunity for the WUTC staff and other interested parties to review the prudence of and audit the ERM deferred power cost transactions for the prior calendar year. See the 2020 Form 10-K for a full discussion of the mechanics of the ERM and the various sharing bands. Total net deferred power costs under the ERM

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were liabilities of $28.1 million and $37.9 million as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. These deferred power cost balances represent amounts due to customers. Pursuant to WUTC requirements, should the cumulative deferral balance exceed $30 million in the rebate or surcharge direction, we must make a filing with the WUTC to adjust customer rates to either return the balance to customers or recover the balance from customers.

Avista Utilities has a PCA mechanism in Idaho that allows us to modify electric rates on October 1 of each year with IPUC approval. Under the PCA mechanism, we defer 90 percent of the difference between certain actual net power supply expenses and the amount included in base retail rates for our Idaho customers. The October 1 rate adjustments recover or rebate power supply costs deferred during the preceding July-June twelve-month period. Total net power supply costs deferred under the PCA mechanism were assets of $7.7 million as of June 30, 2021 and $2.5 million as of December 31, 2020. These deferred power cost balances represent amounts due from customers.

Decoupling Mechanisms

Decoupling (also known as an FCA in Idaho) is a mechanism designed to sever the link between a utility's revenues and consumers' energy usage. In each of our jurisdictions, Avista Utilities' electric and natural gas revenues are adjusted so as to be based on the number of customers in certain customer rate classes and assumed "normal" kilowatt hour and therm sales, rather than being based on actual kilowatt hour and therm sales. The difference between revenues based on the number of customers and "normal" sales and revenues based on actual usage is deferred and either surcharged or rebated to customers beginning in the following year. Only residential and certain commercial customer classes are included in our decoupling mechanisms. See the 2020 Form 10-K for a discussion of the mechanisms in each jurisdiction.

Total net cumulative decoupling deferrals among all jurisdictions were regulatory assets of $19.1 million as of June 30, 2021 and $21.3 million as of December 31, 2020. These decoupling assets represent amounts due from customers.

See "Results of Operations - Avista Utilities" for further discussion of the amounts recorded to operating revenues in 2021 and 2020 related to the decoupling mechanisms.

Results of Operations - Overall

The following provides an overview of changes in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income. More detailed explanations are provided, particularly for operating revenues and operating expenses, in the business segment discussions (Avista Utilities, AEL&P, and the other businesses) that follow this section.

The balances included below for utility operations reconcile to the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income.

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Three months ended June 30, 2021 compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020

The following graph shows the total change in net income for the second quarter of 2021 compared to the second quarter of 2020, as well as the various factors that caused such change (dollars in millions):

 

img148291393_0.jpg

Utility revenues increased at Avista Utilities when compared to the second quarter of 2020. This was primarily due to increased electric loads from non-decoupled customers due to weather that was warmer than the second quarter of 2020 and reduced COVID-19 restrictions. In addition, utility revenues increased due to general rate increases in Oregon and customer growth.

Utility resource costs increased at Avista Utilities due to increased purchased power, fuel for generation and other fuel costs, as well as higher natural gas purchases. See "Heat Wave" in the Executive Level Summary above for further discussion on the increase in net power supply expenses. There was also an increase at AEL&P due to an increase in deferred power supply expenses.

The increase in utility operating expenses was primarily due to increases in generation and distribution operating and maintenance costs at Avista Utilities as a result of delayed maintenance projects during the second quarter of 2020 due to COVID-19 restrictions. In the second quarter of 2021, we had a maintenance schedule that was closer to normal. This was partially offset by a decrease in bad debt expense. During the second quarter of 2020, we had not received regulatory approval to defer COVID-19 related bad debt expense, whereas we deferred COVID-19 related bad debt expense during the second quarter of 2021.

Utility depreciation and amortization decreased primarily due to a one-time increase in depreciation expense during the second quarter of 2020 as we were able to utilize $10.9 million ($8.4 million when tax-effected) of electric tax benefits to offset costs associated with accelerating the depreciation of Colstrip Units 3 & 4 based on a settlement in Washington. This decrease to utility depreciation and amortization was partially offset by additions to utility plant.

The increase in other was primarily related to net investment gains during the second quarter of 2021, compared to net investment losses during the second quarter of 2020. Additionally, other increased due to the sale of certain subsidiary assets associated with the Spokane Steam Plant during the second quarter of 2021.

Income taxes increased primarily due to a decrease in tax expense during the second quarter of 2020 relating to the offset of deferred income taxes against accelerated depreciation for Colstrip as provided in the 2019 Washington general rate case settlement. This amounted was $8.4 million in 2020. Our effective tax rate was 14.6 percent for the second quarter of 2021 compared to negative 83 percent for the second quarter of 2020. See “Note 7 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements” for further details and a reconciliation of our effective tax rate.

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Six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2020

img148291393_1.jpg

Utility revenues increased at Avista Utilities primarily due increased loads from non-decoupled customers as a result of reduced COVID-19 restrictions during the first half of 2021 and weather that was warmer than normal and the prior year in the second quarter. In addition, utility revenues increased due to general rate increases in Washington and Oregon and customer growth. During the first half of 2020, there was a $4.9 million decrease to revenue due to the outcome of the 2015 Washington general rate cases.

Utility resource costs increased at Avista Utilities due to increased purchased power, fuel for generation and other fuel costs, as well as higher natural gas purchases. See "Heat Wave" in the Executive Level Summary above for further discussion of the increased net power supply costs. There was an increase at AEL&P due to an increase in deferred power supply expenses.

The increase in utility operating expenses was primarily due to increases in generation and distribution operating and maintenance costs at Avista Utilities. The increases were partially offset by an accrual during the first half of 2020 for disallowed replacement power during an unplanned outage at Colstrip and a decrease in bad debt expense when compared to the first half of 2020. During the first six months of 2020, we had not received regulatory approval to defer COVID-19 related bad debt expense, whereas we deferred COVID-19 related bad debt expense during the first half of 2021.

Utility depreciation and amortization decreased primarily due to a one-time increase to depreciation expense during the first half of 2020 as we were able to utilize $10.9 million ($8.4 million when tax-effected) of electric tax benefits to offset costs associated with accelerating the depreciation of Colstrip Units 3 & 4 based on a settlement in Washington. This was partially offset by additions to utility plant.

The increase in other was primarily related to net investment gains during the first six months of 2021, compared to net investment losses during the first six months of 2020. Additionally, other increased due to the sale of certain subsidiary assets associated with the Spokane Steam Plant during the first six months of 2021.

Income taxes increased primarily due to a decrease in tax expense during the first half of 2020 relating to the offset of deferred income taxes against accelerated depreciation for Colstrip as provided in the 2019 Washington general rate case settlement. This was $8.4 million in 2020. In addition, income taxes increased due to an increase in income before taxes. Our effective tax rate was 15.1 percent for the first half of 2021 compared to 0.9 percent for the first half of 2020. See “Note 7 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements” for further details and a reconciliation of our effective tax rate.

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Non-GAAP Financial Measures

The following discussion for Avista Utilities includes two financial measures that are considered “non-GAAP financial measures”: electric utility margin and natural gas utility margin. In the AEL&P section, we include a discussion of utility margin, which is also a non-GAAP financial measure.

Generally, a non-GAAP financial measure is a numerical measure of a company's financial performance, financial position or cash flows that excludes (or includes) amounts that are included (excluded) in the most directly comparable measure calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP. Electric utility margin is electric operating revenues less electric resource costs, while natural gas utility margin is natural gas operating revenues less natural gas resource costs. The most directly comparable GAAP financial measure to electric and natural gas utility margin is utility operating revenues as presented in "Note 16 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements."

The presentation of electric utility margin and natural gas utility margin is intended to enhance the understanding of operating performance. We use these measures internally and believe they provide useful information to investors in their analysis of how changes in loads (due to weather, economic or other conditions), rates, supply costs and other factors impact our results of operations. Changes in loads, as well as power and natural gas supply costs, are generally deferred and recovered from customers through regulatory accounting mechanisms. Accordingly, the analysis of utility margin generally excludes most of the change in revenue resulting from these regulatory mechanisms. We present electric and natural gas utility margin separately below for Avista Utilities since each business has different cost sources, cost recovery mechanisms and jurisdictions, so we believe that separate analysis is beneficial. These measures are not intended to replace utility operating revenues as determined in accordance with GAAP as an indicator of operating performance. Reconciliations of operating revenues to utility margin are set forth below.

Results of Operations - Avista Utilities

Three months ended June 30, 2021 compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020

Utility Operating Revenues

The following graphs present Avista Utilities' electric operating revenues and megawatt-hour (MWh) sales for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 (dollars in millions and MWhs in thousands):

img148291393_2.jpg

(1)
This balance includes public street and highway lighting, which is considered part of retail electric revenues.

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Total electric operating revenues in the graph above include intracompany sales of $6.5 million and $8.8 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

img148291393_3.jpg

The following table presents the current year deferrals and the amortization of prior year decoupling balances that are reflected in utility electric operating revenues for the three months ended June 30 (dollars in thousands):

 

 

Electric Decoupling Revenues

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

Current year decoupling deferrals (a)

 

$

(4,765

)

 

$

5,842

 

Amortization of prior year decoupling deferrals (b)

 

 

(3,249

)

 

 

(3,658

)

Total electric decoupling revenue

 

$

(8,014

)

 

$

2,184

 

(a)
Positive amounts are increases in decoupling revenue in the current year and will be surcharged to customers in future years. Negative amounts are decreases in decoupling revenue in the current year and will be rebated to customers in future years.
(b)
Positive amounts are increases in decoupling revenue in the current year and are related to the amortization of rebate balances that resulted in prior years and are being refunded to customers (causing a corresponding decrease in retail revenue from customers) in the current year. Negative amounts are decreases in decoupling revenue in the current year and are related to the amortization of surcharge balances that resulted in prior years and are being surcharged to customers (causing a corresponding increase in retail revenue from customers) in the current year.

Total electric revenues increased $14.2 million for the second quarter of 2021 as compared to the second quarter of 2020. The primary fluctuations that occurred during the period were as follows:

a $20.6 million increase in retail electric revenue due to an increase in MWhs sold.
o
The increase in total retail MWhs sold was primarily the result of weather that was warmer than normal and the prior year, which increased cooling loads, and customer growth. Also, there was a lifting of COVID-19 restrictions during the second quarter of 2021, which contributed to the increased loads for our commercial and industrial customers. Compared to the second quarter of 2020, residential electric use per customer increased 5 percent and commercial use per customer increased 16 percent. Cooling degree days in Spokane were significantly above normal and the second quarter of 2020, which resulted in our highest peak load in company history. Heating degree days in Spokane were 22 percent below normal, and 19 percent below the second quarter of 2020. See "Heat Wave" in the Executive Level Summary above.

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a $7.7 million decrease in wholesale electric revenues due to a decrease in sales prices (decreased revenues $5.9 million) and a decrease in sales volumes (decreased revenues $1.8 million). The fluctuation of volumes is because in the current year we had to utilize our thermal generation assets more than normal due to lower than normal hydroelectric generation and to serve increased customer loads. This limited our opportunities to sell generation in the wholesale power markets as compared to the second quarter of 2020.
a $12.0 million increase in sales of fuel as part of thermal generation resource optimization activities.
a $10.2 million decrease in electric decoupling revenue. The rebates in 2021 resulted from higher than normal usage from residential and non-residential customers because of weather that was warmer than normal.

The following graphs present Avista Utilities' natural gas operating revenues and therms delivered for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 (dollars in millions and therms in thousands):

img148291393_4.jpg

(1)
This balance includes interruptible and industrial revenues, which are considered part of retail natural gas revenues.

Total natural gas operating revenues in the graph above include intracompany sales of $14.1 million and $11.2 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

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img148291393_5.jpg

The following table presents the current year deferrals and the amortization of prior year decoupling balances that are reflected in utility natural gas operating revenues for the three months ended June 30 (dollars in thousands):

 

 

Natural Gas Decoupling Revenues

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

Current year decoupling deferrals (a)

 

$

4,433

 

 

$

2,657

 

Amortization of prior year decoupling deferrals (b)

 

 

512

 

 

 

(479

)

Total natural gas decoupling revenue

 

$

4,945

 

 

$

2,178

 

(a)
Positive amounts are increases in decoupling revenue in the current year and will be surcharged to customers in future years. Negative amounts are decreases in decoupling revenue in the current year and will be rebated to customers in future years.
(b)
Positive amounts are increases in decoupling revenue in the current year and are related to the amortization of rebate balances that resulted in prior years and are being refunded to customers (causing a corresponding decrease in retail revenue from customers) in the current year. Negative amounts are decreases in decoupling revenue in the current year and are related to the amortization of surcharge balances that resulted in prior years and are being surcharged to customers (causing a corresponding increase in retail revenue from customers) in the current year.

Total natural gas revenues increased $5.5 million for the second quarter of 2021 as compared to the second quarter of 2020. The primary fluctuations that occurred during the period were as follows:

a $0.6 million increase in natural gas retail revenues (including industrial, which is included in other) due to an increase in retail rates (increased revenues $1.0 million), partially offset by a decrease in volumes (decreased revenues $0.4 million).
o
Retail rates increased due to general rate increases in Oregon, effective January 16, 2021.
o
Retail natural gas sales volumes decreased in the second quarter of 2021 as compared to the second quarter of 2020 primarily due to lower residential usage, partially offset by customer growth and increased usage for commercial customers. The lower residential usage was primarily due to weather that was warmer than normal and the prior year, which decreased heating loads in April. The increase in commercial loads was primarily due to the lifting of COVID-19 restrictions during the second quarter of 2021. Compared to the second quarter of 2020, residential use per customer decreased 9 percent and commercial use per customer increased 5 percent. Heating degree days in

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o
Spokane were 22 percent below normal, and 19 percent below the second quarter of 2020. Heating degree days in Medford were 27 percent below normal and 18 percent below the second quarter of 2020.
a $2.8 million increase in wholesale natural gas revenues due to an increase in prices (increased revenues $12.0 million), partially offset by a decrease in volumes of excess gas sold in the wholesale market (decreased revenues $9.2 million). Differences between revenues and costs from sales of resources in excess of retail load requirements and from resource optimization are accounted for through the PGA mechanisms.
a $2.8 million increase in natural gas decoupling revenue primarily due to higher surcharges in the second quarter of 2021. This resulted from lower than normal usage in the second quarter of 2021 because of weather that was warmer than normal.

The following table presents Avista Utilities' average number of electric and natural gas retail customers for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020:

 

 

Electric Customers

 

 

Natural Gas Customers

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

Residential

 

 

355,802

 

 

 

349,472

 

 

 

331,795

 

 

 

326,504

 

Commercial

 

 

44,106

 

 

 

43,388

 

 

 

36,463

 

 

 

36,149

 

Interruptible

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

44

 

 

 

38

 

Industrial

 

 

1,209

 

 

 

1,298

 

 

 

189

 

 

 

241

 

Public street and highway lighting

 

 

664

 

 

 

648

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total retail customers

 

 

401,781

 

 

 

394,805

 

 

 

368,491

 

 

 

362,932

 

Utility Resource Costs

The following graphs present Avista Utilities' resource costs for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 (dollars in millions):

img148291393_6.jpg

Total electric resource costs in the graph above include intracompany resource costs of $14.1 million and $11.2 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

Total electric resource costs increased $19.2 million for the second quarter of 2021 as compared to the second quarter of 2020. The primary fluctuations that occurred during the period were as follows:

a $10.1 million increase in power purchased due to an increase in wholesale prices (increased costs $7.8 million) and an increase in the volume of power purchases (increased costs $2.3 million). The fluctuation in volumes was primarily the

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result of differences in the available opportunities for us to optimize our generation assets as compared to the prior year. Additionally, during the second quarter of 2021, we had increased customer loads and lower than normal hydroelectric generation as a result of the heat wave experienced in the Pacific Northwest, which contributed to our need to purchase power. See "Heat Wave" in the Executive Level Summary above.
a $4.0 million increase in fuel for generation primarily related to lower hydroelectric generation and increased retail sales volumes, which required increased thermal generation. Also, there were higher natural gas prices during the second quarter.
a $9.7 million increase in other fuel costs. This represents fuel and the related derivative instruments that were purchased for generation but were later sold when conditions indicated that it was more economical to sell the fuel as part of the resource optimization process. When the fuel or related derivative instruments are sold, that revenue is included in sales of fuel.
a $4.6 million decrease in other electric resource costs, primarily related to the deferral of increased power supply costs above authorized.

img148291393_7.jpg

Total natural gas resource costs in the graph above include intracompany resource costs of $6.5 million and $8.8 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

Total natural gas resource costs increased $3.8 million for the second quarter of 2021 as compared to the second quarter of 2020 primarily due to the following:

a $5.9 million increase in natural gas purchased due to an increase in the price of natural gas (increased costs $17.3 million), partially offset by a decrease in volumes (decreased costs $11.4 million).
a $2.2 million decrease from net amortizations and deferrals of natural gas costs.

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Utility Margin

The following table reconciles Avista Utilities' operating revenues, as presented in "Note 16 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements" to the Non-GAAP financial measure utility margin for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 (dollars in thousands):

 

 

Electric

 

 

Natural Gas

 

 

Intracompany

 

 

Total

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

Operating revenues

 

$

228,019

 

 

$

213,785

 

 

$

80,070

 

 

$

74,555

 

 

$

(20,529

)

 

$

(20,000

)

 

$

287,560

 

 

$

268,340

 

Resource costs

 

 

71,289

 

 

 

52,092

 

 

 

38,755

 

 

 

34,977

 

 

 

(20,529

)

 

 

(20,000

)

 

 

89,515

 

 

 

67,069

 

Utility margin

 

$

156,730

 

 

$

161,693

 

 

$

41,315

 

 

$

39,578

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

198,045

 

 

$

201,271

 

Electric utility margin decreased $5.0 million and natural gas utility margin increased $1.7 million.

Electric utility margin decreased primarily due to increased net power supply costs as compared to the prior year. For the second quarter of 2021, we had a $7.6 million pre-tax expense under the ERM in Washington, compared to a $0.4 million pre-tax benefit for the second quarter of 2020. The increase in net power supply costs was primarily due to higher customer loads, which required additional resources to serve those loads. We also had lower than normal hydroelectric generation due to hot and dry weather in the Pacific Northwest. Because of this, we had to rely on thermal generation and power market purchases to serve our additional load. In addition, hydroelectric generation was lower and electric loads were higher throughout the Pacific Northwest, so this increased market prices for purchased power, as well as natural gas prices for fuel. See "Heat Wave" in the Executive Level Summary above.

Natural gas utility margin increased primarily due to a general rate increase in Oregon, effective January 16, 2021 and customer growth.

Intracompany revenues and resource costs represent purchases and sales of natural gas between our natural gas distribution operations and our electric generation operations (as fuel for our generation plants). These transactions are eliminated in the presentation of total results for Avista Utilities and in the condensed consolidated financial statements but are included in the separate results for electric and natural gas presented above.

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Six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2020

Utility Operating Revenues

The following graphs present Avista Utilities' electric operating revenues and megawatt-hour (MWh) sales for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 (dollars in millions and MWhs in thousands):

img148291393_8.jpg

(1)
This balance includes public street and highway lighting, which is considered part of retail electric revenues.

Total electric operating revenues in the graph above include intracompany sales of $12.5 million and $14.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

img148291393_9.jpg

 

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The following table presents the current year deferrals and the amortization of prior year decoupling balances that are reflected in utility electric operating revenues for the six months ended June 30 (dollars in thousands):

 

 

Electric Decoupling Revenues

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

Current year decoupling deferrals (a)

 

$

(439

)

 

$

10,973

 

Amortization of prior year decoupling deferrals (b)

 

 

(6,794

)

 

 

(8,266

)

Total electric decoupling revenue

 

$

(7,233

)

 

$

2,707

 

(a)
Positive amounts are increases in decoupling revenue in the current year and will be surcharged to customers in future years. Negative amounts are decreases in decoupling revenue in the current year and will be rebated to customers in future years.
(b)
Positive amounts are increases in decoupling revenue in the current year and are related to the amortization of rebate balances that resulted in prior years and are being refunded to customers (causing a corresponding decrease in retail revenue from customers) in the current year. Negative amounts are decreases in decoupling revenue in the current year and are related to the amortization of surcharge balances that resulted in prior years and are being surcharged to customers (causing a corresponding increase in retail revenue from customers) in the current year.

Total electric revenues increased $25.6 million for the first half of 2021 as compared to the first half of 2020. The primary fluctuations that occurred during the period were as follows:

a $23.4 million increase in retail electric revenue due to an increase in total MWhs sold (increased revenues $20.9 million) and an increase in revenue per MWh (increased revenues $2.5 million).
o
The increase in total retail MWhs sold was primarily the result of weather that was warmer than normal and the prior year in the second quarter, which increased cooling loads. Also, there was a lifting of COVID-19 restrictions during the second quarter of 2021, which contributed to the increased loads, and customer growth. In addition, during the first quarter of 2021, weather was colder than the prior year, which increased heating loads. Compared to the first half of 2020, residential electric use per customer increased 3 percent and commercial use per customer increased 5 percent. Cooling degree days in Spokane were significantly above normal and first half of 2020. Heating degree days in Spokane were 8 percent below normal, and 3 percent below the first half of 2020. See "Heat Wave" in the Executive Level Summary above.
a $8.4 million decrease in wholesale electric revenues due to a decrease in sales volumes (decreased revenues $6.3 million), and a decrease in sales prices (decreased revenues $2.1 million). The fluctuation in volumes was primarily the result of differences in the available opportunities for us to optimize our generation assets as compared to the prior year.
a $19.4 million increase in sales of fuel as part of thermal generation resource optimization activities.
a $9.9 million decrease in electric decoupling revenue. This was mainly because the first half of 2020 had surcharges to non-residential customers, which had lower usage due to COVID-19 restrictions.
a $1.2 million increase in other primarily because in the first half of 2020, we accrued $1.4 million for customer refunds related to our 2015 Washington general rate case.

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The following graphs present Avista Utilities' natural gas operating revenues and therms delivered for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 (dollars in millions and therms in thousands):

img148291393_10.jpg

(1)
This balance includes interruptible and industrial revenues, which are considered part of retail natural gas revenues.

Total natural gas operating revenues in the graph above include intracompany sales of $26.6 million and $24.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

img148291393_11.jpg

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The following table presents the current year deferrals and the amortization of prior year decoupling balances that are reflected in utility natural gas operating revenues for the six months ended June 30 (dollars in thousands):

 

 

Natural Gas Decoupling Revenues

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

Current year decoupling deferrals (a)

 

$

2,890

 

 

$

(899

)

Amortization of prior year decoupling deferrals (b)

 

 

1,773

 

 

 

(1,859

)

Total natural gas decoupling revenue

 

$

4,663

 

 

$

(2,758

)

(a)
Positive amounts are increases in decoupling revenue in the current year and will be surcharged to customers in future years. Negative amounts are decreases in decoupling revenue in the current year and will be rebated to customers in future years.
(b)
Positive amounts are increases in decoupling revenue in the current year and are related to the amortization of rebate balances that resulted in prior years and are being refunded to customers (causing a corresponding decrease in retail revenue from customers) in the current year. Negative amounts are decreases in decoupling revenue in the current year and are related to the amortization of surcharge balances that resulted in prior years and are being surcharged to customers (causing a corresponding increase in retail revenue from customers) in the current year.

Total natural gas revenues increased $16.4 million for the first half of 2021 as compared to the first half of 2020. The primary fluctuations that occurred during the period were as follows:

a $4.3 million increase in natural gas retail revenues (including industrial, which is included in other) due to an increase in volumes (increased revenues $3.6 million), and an increase in retail rates (increased revenues $0.7 million).
o
Retail natural gas sales volumes increased in the first half of 2021 as compared to the first half of 2020 primarily due to higher usage and customer growth. The slightly higher residential usage was primarily due to weather that was colder than the prior year, which increased heating loads in the first quarter, mostly offset by lower usage in the second quarter due to weather that was warmer than normal. Compared to the first half of 2020, residential use per customer was flat and commercial use per customer increased 2 percent. Heating degree days in Spokane were 8 percent below normal, and 3 percent below the first half of 2020. Heating degree days in Medford were 6 percent below normal, and 7 percent below the first half of 2020.
o
Retail rates increased due to general rate increases in Oregon, effective January 16, 2021 and Washington, effective April 1, 2020.
a $0.2 million increase in wholesale natural gas revenues due to an increase in prices (increased revenues $23.1 million), mostly offset by a decrease in volumes of excess gas sold in the wholesale market (decreased revenues $22.9 million). Differences between revenues and costs from sales of resources in excess of retail load requirements and from resource optimization are accounted for through the PGA mechanisms.
a $7.5 million increase in natural gas decoupling revenue primarily because in 2020, we were amortizing decoupling surcharges, whereas in 2021, we are amortizing decoupling rebates. In addition, there were increases to decoupling revenue in the second quarter of 2021 due to weather that was warmer than normal.
a $4.6 million increase in other because in the first half of 2020, we accrued $3.6 million for customer refunds related to our 2015 Washington general rate case.

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The following table presents Avista Utilities' average number of electric and natural gas retail customers for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020:

 

 

Electric Customers

 

 

Natural Gas Customers

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

Residential

 

 

354,997

 

 

 

349,420

 

 

 

330,959

 

 

 

326,315

 

Commercial

 

 

44,037

 

 

 

43,344

 

 

 

36,473

 

 

 

36,172

 

Interruptible

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

40

 

 

 

41

 

Industrial

 

 

1,210

 

 

 

1,296

 

 

 

191

 

 

 

241

 

Public street and highway lighting

 

 

657

 

 

 

643

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total retail customers

 

 

400,900

 

 

 

394,703

 

 

 

367,663

 

 

 

362,768

 

Utility Resource Costs

The following graphs present Avista Utilities' resource costs for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 (dollars in millions):

img148291393_12.jpg

Total electric resource costs in the graph above include intracompany resource costs of $26.6 million and $24.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

Total electric resource costs increased $21.5 million for the first half of 2021 as compared to the first half of 2020. The primary fluctuations that occurred during the period were as follows:

an $11.4 million increase in power purchased due to an increase in wholesale prices (increased costs $6.6 million) and an increase in the volume of power purchases (increased costs $4.8 million). The fluctuation in volumes was primarily the result of differences in the available opportunities for us to optimize our generation assets as compared to the prior year. Additionally, during the second quarter of 2021, we had increased customer loads and lower than normal hydroelectric generation as a result of the heat wave experienced in the Pacific Northwest, which contributed to our need to purchase power. See "Heat Wave" in the Executive Level Summary above.
an $8.3 million increase in fuel for generation primarily related to higher natural gas prices during the first quarter as a result of cold weather throughout the country in February and supply constraints during that same time period. In addition, there was lower hydroelectric generation and increased sales volumes during the second quarter, which required increased thermal generation.
a $15.6 million increase in other fuel costs. This represents fuel and the related derivative instruments that were purchased for generation but were later sold when conditions indicated that it was more economical to sell the fuel as

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part of the resource optimization process. When the fuel or related derivative instruments are sold, that revenue is included in sales of fuel.
a $13.7 million decrease in other electric resource costs, primarily related to increased amortizations associated with the Washington ERM. In addition, there was the deferral of increased power supply costs above authorized in our Idaho jurisdiction.

img148291393_13.jpg

Total natural gas resource costs in the graph above include intracompany resource costs of $12.5 million and $14.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

Total natural gas resource costs increased $5.3 million for the first half of 2021 as compared to the first half of 2020 primarily due to the following:

a $10.6 million increase in natural gas purchased due to an increase in the price of natural gas (increased costs $34.8 million), partially offset by a decrease in volumes (decreased costs $24.2 million).
a $5.4 million decrease from net amortizations and deferrals of natural gas costs.

Utility Margin

The following table reconciles Avista Utilities' operating revenues, as presented in "Note 16 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements" to the Non-GAAP financial measure utility margin for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 (dollars in thousands):

 

 

Electric

 

 

Natural Gas

 

 

Intracompany

 

 

Total

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

Operating revenues

 

$

485,599

 

 

$

459,993

 

 

$

240,866

 

 

$

224,505

 

 

$

(39,045

)

 

$

(38,953

)

 

$

687,420

 

 

$

645,545

 

Resource costs

 

 

149,156

 

 

 

127,623

 

 

 

113,244

 

 

 

107,955

 

 

 

(39,045

)

 

 

(38,953

)

 

 

223,355

 

 

 

196,625

 

Utility margin

 

$

336,443

 

 

$

332,370

 

 

$

127,622

 

 

$

116,550

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

464,065

 

 

$

448,920

 

Electric utility margin increased $4.1 million and natural gas utility margin increased $11.1 million.

Electric utility margin increased primarily due to customer growth and a general rate increase in Washington, effective April 1, 2020. In addition, the first half of 2020 included an accrual for customer refunds of $1.4 million related to our 2015 Washington general rate case. This was partially offset by an increase in net power supply costs as compared to the prior year due, in part, to the heat wave experienced in the second quarter of 2021 (see "Heat Wave" in the Executive Level Summary above). For the first half of 2021, we

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had a $3.3 million pre-tax expense under the ERM in Washington, compared to a $5.6 million pre-tax benefit for the first half of 2020. Refer to the second quarter utility margin section for discussion of the increased net power supply costs.

Natural gas utility margin increased primarily due to a general rate increase in Oregon, effective January 16, 2021 and Washington, effective April 1, 2020, and customer growth. Also, the first quarter of 2020 included an accrual for customer refunds of $3.6 million related to our 2015 Washington general rate case.

Intracompany revenues and resource costs represent purchases and sales of natural gas between our natural gas distribution operations and our electric generation operations (as fuel for our generation plants). These transactions are eliminated in the presentation of total results for Avista Utilities and in the condensed consolidated financial statements but are included in the separate results for electric and natural gas presented above.

Results of Operations - Alaska Electric Light and Power Company

Three months ended June 30, 2021 compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020 and six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2020

Net income for AEL&P was $1.3 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and for the three months ended June 30, 2020. Net income was $4.8 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to $4.7 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020.

The following table presents AEL&P's operating revenues, resource costs and resulting utility margin for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 (dollars in thousands):

 

 

Three months ended June 30,

 

 

Six months ended June 30,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

Operating revenues

 

$

10,547

 

 

$

9,997

 

 

$

23,368

 

 

$

22,199

 

Resource costs

 

 

1,163

 

 

 

896

 

 

 

1,902

 

 

 

887

 

Utility margin

 

$

9,384

 

 

$

9,101

 

 

$

21,466

 

 

$

21,312

 

Utility margin increased slightly for 2021, primarily due to higher sales volumes to residential customers for 2021 compared to 2020.

AEL&P had normal levels of hydroelectric generation during the first half of 2021 and 2020.

Results of Operations - Other Businesses

Our other businesses had net income of $5.1 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 compared to a net loss of $1.5 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020. Net income was $5.5 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to a net loss of $2.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020.

The increase in net income primarily relates to net investment gains during the first six months of 2021. This is compared to the second quarter of 2020 that resulted in net investment losses. In addition, net income increased due to the sale of certain subsidiary assets associated with the Spokane Steam Plant during the second quarter of 2021. During the first half of 2020 there was an impairment loss and an accrual for bad debt.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

The preparation of our consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements. Changes in these estimates and assumptions are considered reasonably possible and may have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements and thus, actual results could differ from the amounts reported and disclosed herein. Our critical accounting policies that require the use of estimates and assumptions were discussed in detail in the 2020 Form 10-K and have not changed materially.

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Liquidity and Capital Resources

Overall Liquidity

Our sources of overall liquidity and the requirements for liquidity have not materially changed in the six months ended June 30, 2021. See the 2020 Form 10-K for further discussion.

In April 2021, we repaid our $100 million credit agreement.

As of June 30, 2021, we had $79.9 million of available liquidity under the Avista Corp. committed line of credit and $25.0 million under the AEL&P committed line of credit. With our $400.0 million credit facility that expires in June 2026 and AEL&P's $25.0 million credit facility that expires in November 2024, we believe that we have adequate liquidity to meet our needs for the next 12 months.

Review of Cash Flow Statement

Operating Activities

Net cash provided by operating activities was $190.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021, compared to $199.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020. The decrease is primarily due to an increase in power and natural gas cost deferrals, which decreased cash flows by $21.8 million, as compared to an increase to operating cash flows of $1.8 million in 2020. Additionally, during the first half of 2021 we contributed $28.0 million to the pension plan, compared to $14.6 million in the first half of 2020.

The above decreases were partially offset by an increase in net income and as compared to 2020, certain net assets and liabilities increased cash provided by operating activities by $10.8 million.

Investing Activities

Net cash used in investing activities was $210.8 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021, compared to $191.8 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020. During the six months ended June 30, 2021, we paid $213.8 million for utility capital expenditures compared to $189.5 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020.

Financing Activities

Net cash provided by financing activities was $45.6 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021, compared to cash provided of $98.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020. In the first half of 2021, our cash provided by short-term borrowings decreased $42.2 million compared to the first half of 2020.

Capital Resources

Our consolidated capital structure, including the current portion of long-term debt and short-term borrowings consisted of the following as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 (dollars in thousands):

 

 

June 30, 2021

 

 

December 31, 2020

 

 

 

Amount

 

 

Percent
of total

 

 

Amount

 

 

Percent
of total

 

Current portion of long-term debt and leases

 

$

257,274

 

 

 

5.7

%

 

$

7,184

 

 

 

0.2

%

Short-term borrowings

 

 

296,000

 

 

 

6.5

%

 

 

203,000

 

 

 

4.6

%

Long-term debt to affiliated trusts

 

 

51,547

 

 

 

1.1

%

 

 

51,547

 

 

 

1.2

%

Long-term debt and leases

 

 

1,875,053

 

 

 

41.2

%

 

 

2,125,065

 

 

 

48.0

%

Total debt

 

 

2,479,874

 

 

 

54.5

%

 

 

2,386,796

 

 

 

54.0

%

Total Avista Corporation shareholders’ equity

 

 

2,069,966

 

 

 

45.5

%

 

 

2,029,726

 

 

 

46.0

%

Total

 

$

4,549,840

 

 

 

100.0

%

 

$

4,416,522

 

 

 

100.0

%

Our shareholders’ equity increased $40.2 million during the first six months of 2021 primarily due to net income and the issuance of common stock, which was partially offset by dividends.

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We need to finance capital expenditures and acquire additional funds for operations from time to time. The cash requirements needed to service our indebtedness, both short-term and long-term, reduce the amount of cash flow available to fund capital expenditures, purchased power, fuel and natural gas costs, dividends and other requirements.

Committed Lines of Credit

Avista Corp. has a committed line of credit with various financial institutions in the total amount of $400.0 million. In June 2021, we entered into an amendment that extends the expiration date to June 2026, with the option to extend for an additional one year period (subject to customary conditions). The committed line of credit is secured by non-transferable first mortgage bonds we issued to the agent bank that would only become due and payable in the event, and then only to the extent, that we default on our obligations under the committed line of credit.

The Avista Corp. credit facility contains customary covenants, including a covenant which does not permit our ratio of “consolidated total debt” to “consolidated total capitalization” to be greater than 65 percent at the end of any fiscal quarter, and customary events of default, including a Change in Control (as defined in the agreement). As of June 30, 2021, we were in compliance with this covenant with a ratio of 54.5 percent.

AEL&P has a $25.0 million committed line of credit that expires in November 2024. As of June 30, 2021, there were no borrowings or letters of credit outstanding under this committed line of credit.

The AEL&P credit facility contains customary covenants and default provisions including a covenant which does not permit the ratio of “consolidated total debt at AEL&P” to “consolidated total capitalization at AEL&P” (including the impact of the Snettisham obligation) to be greater than 67.5 percent at any time. As of June 30, 2021, AEL&P was in compliance with this covenant with a ratio of 51.5 percent.

Balances outstanding and interest rates of borrowings under Avista Corp.'s committed line of credit were as follows as of and for the six months ended June 30 (dollars in thousands):

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

Borrowings outstanding at end of period

 

$

296,000

 

 

$

221,000

 

Letters of credit outstanding at end of period

 

$

24,118

 

 

$

19,373

 

Maximum borrowings outstanding during the period

 

$

296,000

 

 

$

221,000

 

Average borrowings outstanding during the period

 

$

143,498

 

 

$

181,373

 

Average interest rate on borrowings during the period

 

 

1.18

%

 

 

1.77

%

Average interest rate on borrowings at end of period

 

 

1.08

%

 

 

1.22

%

As of June 30, 2021, Avista Corp. and its subsidiaries were in compliance with all of the covenants of their financing agreements, and none of Avista Corp.'s subsidiaries constituted a “significant subsidiary” as defined in Avista Corp.'s committed line of credit.

Liquidity Expectations

During 2021, we expect to issue approximately $140 million of long-term debt and $90 million of common stock (including $15.7 million of common stock issued during the six months ended June 30, 2021). The increase in long-term debt and common stock is to fund increased capital expenditures.

After considering the expected issuances of long-term debt and common stock during 2021, we expect net cash flows from operations, together with cash available under our committed lines of credit to provide adequate resources to fund capital expenditures, dividends, and other contractual commitments.

Capital Expenditures

We are making capital investments to enhance service and system reliability for our customers and replace aging infrastructure. We have revised our estimate for Avista Utilities capital expenditures to $450 million in 2021 from our original estimate of $415 million. The additional capital expenditures are related to increased customer growth and storms. In addition, we expect our capital

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expenditures to total about $445 million for 2022 and 2023 to support continued customer growth and maintain our system to provide safe, reliable energy to our customers. See the 2020 Form 10-K for further information on our expected capital expenditures.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

As of June 30, 2021, we had $24.1 million in letters of credit outstanding under our $400.0 million committed line of credit, compared to $27.6 million as of December 31, 2020.

Pension Plan

Avista Utilities

In the six months ended June 30, 2021 we contributed $28 million to the pension plan and we expect to contribute a total of $42 million in 2021. We expect to contribute a total of $150 million to the pension plan in the period 2021 through 2025, with annual contributions of $42 million in 2021 and 2022 and $22 million in 2023 to 2025.

The final determination of pension plan contributions for future periods is subject to multiple variables, most of which are beyond our control, including changes to the fair value of pension plan assets, changes in actuarial assumptions (in particular the discount rate used in determining the benefit obligation), or changes in federal legislation. We may change our pension plan contributions in the future depending on changes to any variables, including those listed above.

See "Note 6 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements" for additional information regarding the pension plan.

Contractual Obligations

Our future contractual obligations have not materially changed during the six months ended June 30, 2021, except for the following:

In June 2021, we amended our committed line of credit agreement to extend the expiration date until June 2026.

See the 2020 Form 10-K for our contractual obligations.

Environmental Issues and Contingencies

Our environmental issues and contingencies disclosures have not materially changed during the six months ended June 30, 2021 except as discussed below:

Clean Energy Commitment

In April 2019, we announced a goal to serve our customers with 100 percent clean electricity by 2045 and to have a carbon-neutral supply of electricity by the end of 2027. To help achieve our goals and add to our clean electricity portfolio we have implemented renewable energy projects on behalf of our customers, including the Solar Select project (28 MW) in Lind, Washington (PPA) and the Rattlesnake Flat Wind project (144 MW) in Adams County, Washington (PPA). We also entered into a PPA for an additional 5 percent of the output from Chelan PUD’s hydroelectric projects. The contract with Chelan PUD begins in 2024. These resources are in addition to our existing clean hydroelectric generation, biomass generation, and other wind and solar projects.

To achieve our clean energy goals, we expect that energy storage and other technologies, which are either not currently available or are not cost-effective under a lowest reasonable cost regulatory standard, will advance such that those technologies will assist us in meeting our goals while also maintaining reliability and affordability for our customers. If the required technology is not available or not affordable in the future, we may not meet our goals in the desired timeframe. Meeting our clean energy goals may also require accommodation from economic regulatory agencies insofar as the Company may need to acquire emission offsets to meet its goals.

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Climate Change

Federal Regulatory Actions

In January 2021, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit (D.C. Circuit) vacated the Affordable Clean Energy Rule and remanded the record back to the EPA for further consideration consistent with its opinion. The Court also vacated the repeal of the Clean Power Plan (CPP). Subsequently, the EPA indicated, in a February 12, 2021 Memorandum from Acting Assistant Administrator Joseph Goffman that “…EPA understands the decision as leaving neither of those rules, and thus no CAA section 111(d) regulation, in place with respect to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from electric generating units (EGUs). As a practical matter, the reinstatement of the CPP would not make sense.”

See the 2020 Form 10-K for further discussion of environmental issues and contingencies.

Other

TSA Security Directive

In July 2021, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), acting through the Transportation Security Administration (TSA), announced the issuance of a security directive that requires owners and operators of TSA-designated critical pipeline facilities that transport hazardous liquids and natural gas to implement specified protections against cyber intrusions. The security directive requires designated owners and operators of such facilities to implement specific mitigation measures to protect against ransomware attacks and other known threats to information and operational technology systems, develop and implement a cybersecurity contingency and recovery plan and conduct a cybersecurity architecture design review. 

The Company is assessing the extent to which its facilities are or may be affected, directly or indirectly, by the directive. The Company is engaged in a continuous program of testing and updating its cybersecurity measures. As reported in the 2020 Form 10-K, the Company’s natural gas distribution facilities, as well as most of its gas-fired generation facilities, are interconnected with the gas transportation systems of several interstate gas pipelines. 

Colstrip

Colstrip is a coal-fired generating plant in southeastern Montana that includes four units and which is owned by six separate entities. We have a 15 percent ownership interest in Units 3 & 4 and provide financing for our ownership interest in the project. The other owners are Puget Sound Energy, Portland General Electric, PacifiCorp, NorthWestern Energy and Talen Montana (which is also the operator of the plant). In January 2020, the owners of Units 1 & 2, in which we have no ownership, closed those two units. The owners of Units 3 & 4 currently share operating and capital costs pursuant to the terms of an operating agreement among them (the Ownership and Operation Agreement).

Arbitration

As a result of the CETA in Washington and the varied impacts that this law has on the different co-owners of Colstrip Units 3 & 4, business disagreements have arisen among the co-owners, which in turn has led to disagreements in the interpretation of the Ownership and Operating Agreement. The Ownership and Operating Agreement contains an arbitration clause that dictates a dispute resolution process to address and resolve these disagreements, which calls for an arbitration proceeding in Spokane, Washington, before a single arbitrator. At least one owner, Talen Montana, has challenged the validity of the arbitration clause contained in the Ownership and Operating Agreement on the basis that it is not consistent with recently-enacted amendments to Montana Code Section 27-5-323, which purport to invalidate such clauses, as they relate to electrical generation facilities such as Colstrip, if they do not expressly require arbitration in Montana before three arbitrators. Majority in interest of the owners of Colstrip, including us, have initiated legal proceedings in Washington to compel arbitration in accordance with the Ownership and Operating Agreement, as well as legal proceedings in Montana to challenge the constitutionality of such amendments to Montana Code. See “Note 15 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements” for further discussion surrounding the arbitration proceeding.

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Montana Legislation Relating to Colstrip

In addition to amending Montana Code Section 27-5-323, during the course of the 2021 legislative session the Montana legislature passed Senate Bill 266, which amended Montana’s Consumer Protection Act (MC 30-14-103 et seq.) to make (i) the failure or refusal of an owner of Colstrip to fund its share of operating costs, or (ii) conduct by one or more of the owners of Colstrip to bring about permanent closure of a generating unit of Colstrip without seeking and obtaining the unanimous consent of the owners, an unfair or deceptive act or practice in the conduct of trade or commerce under the Montana Consumer Protection Act. Majority in interest of the owners of Colstrip, including us, have initiated legal proceedings to challenge the constitutionality of Senate Bill 266. See “Note 15 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements” for further discussion surrounding Montana legislation.

WUTC Investigation Request

In response to a letter from several non-governmental organizations, the WUTC issued a Notice of Opportunity to Respond to Request to Initiate Investigation on April 13, 2021, in which it sought comment on whether it should “initiate a proceeding to investigate Colstrip’s ongoing expenses resulting in a ‘clear order or determination from the [WUTC] that continued funding to maintain and operate Colstrip is not consistent with prudent utility practice.’” On June 8, 2021, the WUTC issued an Order declining to initiate such a proceeding. 

See the 2020 Form 10-K for further discussion of Colstrip.

Enterprise Risk Management

The material risks to our businesses, and our mitigation process and procedures to address these risks, were discussed in our 2020 Form 10-K and have not materially changed during the six months ended June 30, 2021. See the 2020 Form 10-K.

Financial Risk

Our financial risks have not materially changed during the six months ended June 30, 2021. Refer to the 2020 Form 10-K. The financial risks included below are required interim disclosures, even if they have not materially changed from December 31, 2020.

Interest Rate Risk

We use a variety of techniques to manage our interest rate risks. We have an interest rate risk policy and have established a policy to limit our variable rate exposures to a percentage of total capitalization. Additionally, interest rate risk is managed by monitoring market conditions when timing the issuance of long-term debt and optional debt redemptions and establishing fixed rate long-term debt with varying maturities. See "Note 5 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements" for a summary of our interest rate swap derivatives outstanding as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 and the amount of additional collateral we would have to post in certain circumstances.

Credit Risk

Under the terms of interest rate swap derivatives that we enter into periodically, we may be required to post cash or letters of credit as collateral depending on fluctuations in the fair value of the instrument. A downgrade in our credit ratings could further impact the amount of collateral required. See “Credit Ratings” in the 2020 Form 10-K for further information. As of June 30, 2021, we had interest rate swap derivatives outstanding with a notional amount totaling $185.0 million and we had cash deposited as collateral in the amount of $5.9 million and no letters of credit outstanding for these interest rate swap derivatives. If our credit ratings were lowered to below “investment grade” based on our interest rate swap derivatives outstanding at June 30, 2021, we would potentially be required to post the following additional collateral (in thousands):

 

 

 

June 30, 2021

 

Additional collateral taking into account contractual thresholds

 

$

12,920

 

Additional collateral without contractual thresholds

 

 

29,001

 

 

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Energy Commodity Risk

Our energy commodity risks have not materially changed during the six months ended June 30, 2021. See the 2020 Form 10-K. The following table presents energy commodity derivative fair values as a net asset or (liability) as of June 30, 2021 that are expected to settle in each respective year (dollars in thousands). There are no expected deliveries of energy commodity derivatives after 2025.

 

 

Purchases

 

 

Sales

 

 

 

Electric Derivatives

 

 

Gas Derivatives

 

 

Electric Derivatives

 

 

Gas Derivatives

 

Year

 

Physical (1)

 

 

Financial (1)

 

 

Physical (1)

 

 

Financial (1)

 

 

Physical (1)

 

 

Financial (1)

 

 

Physical (1)

 

 

Financial (1)

 

Remainder 2021

 

$

(79

)

 

$

3,664

 

 

$

2,538

 

 

$

19,161

 

 

$

(970

)

 

$

(17,522

)

 

$

(677

)

 

$

(14,671

)

2022

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

646

 

 

 

9,855

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,071

)

 

 

(1,472

)

 

 

(3,940

)

2023

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,375

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,290

)

 

 

(49

)

2024

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

49

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,501

)

 

 

 

2025

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,107

)

 

 

 

The following table presents energy commodity derivative fair values as a net asset or (liability) as of December 31, 2020 that are expected to be delivered in each respective year (dollars in thousands). There are no expected deliveries of energy commodity derivatives after 2025.

 

 

Purchases

 

 

Sales

 

 

 

Electric Derivatives

 

 

Gas Derivatives

 

 

Electric Derivatives

 

 

Gas Derivatives

 

Year

 

Physical (1)

 

 

Financial (1)

 

 

Physical (1)

 

 

Financial (1)

 

 

Physical (1)

 

 

Financial (1)

 

 

Physical (1)

 

 

Financial (1)

 

2021

 

$

2

 

 

$

(414

)

 

$

(87

)

 

$

10,549

 

 

$

(15

)

 

$

716

 

 

$

(2,152

)

 

$

(10,672

)

2022

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

247

 

 

 

1,920

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,697

)

 

 

(1,536

)

2023

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(122

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,599

)

 

 

(42

)

2024

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,673

)

 

 

 

2025

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,219

)

 

 

 

(1)
Physical transactions represent commodity transactions in which we will take or make delivery of either electricity or natural gas; financial transactions represent derivative instruments with delivery of cash in the amount of the benefit or cost but with no physical delivery of the commodity, such as futures, swap derivatives, options, or forward contracts.

The above electric and natural gas derivative contracts will be included in either power supply costs or natural gas supply costs during the period they are delivered and will be included in the various deferral and recovery mechanisms (ERM, PCA, and PGAs), or in the general rate case process, and are expected to eventually be collected through retail rates from customers.

Future Resource Needs

2021 Electric Integrated Resource Plan

In April 2021, we filed our 2021 Electric Integrated Resource Plan (IRP) with the WUTC and the IPUC. Then on April 30th, we filed an amended IRP to include the results of the 2020 Renewable RFP. The WUTC and the IPUC review the IRPs and give the public the opportunity to comment. The WUTC and the IPUC do not approve or disapprove of the content in the IRPs; rather they acknowledge the IRPs are prepared in accordance with applicable standards.

Highlights of the 2021 IRP include the following expectations and/or assumptions:

We have adequate resources between owned and contractually controlled generation, when combined with conservation and market purchases, to meet customer demand through October 2026. Our first long-term capacity deficit, net of energy efficiency, begins in October 2026 and is 247 MW by January 2027.
New renewable energy, energy storage, demand response, energy efficiency, and upgrades to existing hydropower and biomass plants are integral to our plan.
Retail sales and residential use per customer forecasts are slightly higher as compared to the 2020 IRP projections. We anticipate customer load growth of 0.3 percent per year.

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Assumes Colstrip will exit the portfolio as determined by an economic analysis of the plant compared to alternative resources and the Washington CETA requirement to exit the plant by 2025; although an exit strategy for the plant has not been developed at this time.
New natural gas-fired peakers are most economic to meet the capacity shortfall in 2027 as long-term energy storage is not yet available or as cost effective as initially estimated in the 2020 IRP.
Demand response programs begin in 2025 and grow to 72 MW by 2045.
Our first new renewable resource identified in the IRP is in 2025, as a wind project located in Montana. Actual resource selection will be determined by a future RFP.
The resource strategy moves us closer to achieving our corporate clean electricity goal to provide customers with 100 percent net clean electricity by 2027. Net clean energy is defined as either 100 percent non-carbon emitting resources or investing in or acquiring carbon offsets to net-out emissions created from carbon emitting resources. 

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

The information required by this item is set forth in the Enterprise Risk Management section of "Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" and is incorporated herein by reference.

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

Conclusion Regarding the Effectiveness of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

The Company has disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended) (Act) that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the reports it files or submits under the Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported on a timely basis. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the Company in the reports that it files or submits under the Act is accumulated and communicated to the Company’s management, including its principal executive and principal financial officers, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. With the participation of the Company’s principal executive officer and principal financial officer, the Company's management evaluated its disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this report. There are inherent limitations to the effectiveness of any system of disclosure controls and procedures, including the possibility of human error and the circumvention or overriding of the controls and procedures. Accordingly, even effective disclosure controls and procedures can only provide reasonable assurance of achieving their control objectives. Based upon this evaluation, the Company’s principal executive officer and principal financial officer have concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures are effective at a reasonable assurance level as of June 30, 2021.

There have been no changes in the Company's internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the second quarter of 2021 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company's internal control over financial reporting.

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PART II. Other Information

See “Note 15 of Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements” in “Part I. Financial Information Item 1. Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.”

Item 1A. Risk Factors

Refer to the 2020 Form 10-K for disclosure of risk factors that could have a significant impact on our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows and could cause actual results or outcomes to differ materially from those discussed in our reports filed with the SEC (including this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q), and elsewhere. These risk factors have not materially changed from the disclosures provided in the 2020 Form 10-K.

In addition to these risk factors, see also “Forward-Looking Statements” for additional factors which could have a significant impact on our operations, results of operations, financial condition or cash flows and could cause actual results to differ materially from those anticipated in such statements.

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Item 6. Exhibits

 

15

 

Letter Re: Unaudited Interim Financial Information (1)

 

 

 

31.1

 

Certification of Chief Executive Officer (Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002) (1)

 

 

 

31.2

 

Certification of Chief Financial Officer (Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002) (1)

 

 

 

32

 

Certification of Corporate Officers (Furnished Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002) (2)

 

 

 

101.INS

 

Inline XBRL Instance Document. The instance document does not appear in the interactive data file because its inline XBRL tags are embedded within the inline XBRL document.

101.SCH

 

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document

101.CAL

 

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document

101.LAB

 

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document

101.PRE

 

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

101.DEF

 

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document

104

 

Cover page formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101.

 

 

 

(1)

 

Filed herewith.

(2)

 

Furnished herewith.

 

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SIGNATURE

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

 

 

 

AVISTA CORPORATION

 

 

 

(Registrant)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Date:

August 3, 2021

 

/s/    Mark T. Thies

 

 

 

Mark T. Thies

 

 

 

Executive Vice President,

Chief Financial Officer, and Treasurer

(Principal Financial Officer)

 

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