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SID National Steel

Filed: 3 May 21, 1:24pm

 
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 

 
FORM 6-K
 
Report of Foreign Private Issuer
Pursuant to Rule 13a-16 or 15d-16 of the
Securities Exchange Act of 1934
 
For the month of April, 2021
Commission File Number 1-14732
 

 
COMPANHIA SIDERÚRGICA NACIONAL
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
National Steel Company
(Translation of Registrant's name into English)
 
Av. Brigadeiro Faria Lima 3400, 20º andar
São Paulo, SP, Brazil
04538-132
(Address of principal executive office)
 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant files or will file annual reports
under cover Form 20-F or Form 40-F. 
Form 20-F ___X___ Form 40-F _______

 Indicate by check mark whether the registrant by furnishing the information contained in this Form is also thereby furnishing the information to the Commission pursuant to Rule 12g3-2(b) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.  

Yes _______ No ___X____

 

(CONVENIENCE TRANSLATION INTO ENGLISH FROM THE ORIGINAL PREVIOUSLY ISSUED IN PORTUGUESE)

Annual Financial Statements - December 31, 2020 – CIA SIDERURGICA NACIONAL

Version: 1

 

 

Table of Contents

 

Company Information 
Capital Breakdown1
Cash Distribution2
Parent Company Financial Statements 
Balance Sheet – Assets3
Balance Sheet – Liabilities4
Statement of Income5
Statement of Comprehensive Income6
Statement of Cash Flows7
Statement of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity 
01/01/2020 to 12/31/20209
01/01/2019 to 12/31/201910
Statement of Value Added11
Consolidated Financial Statements 
Balance Sheet – Assets12
Balance Sheet - Liabilities13
Statement of Income14
Statement of Comprehensive Income15
Statement of Cash Flows16
Statement of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity 
01/01/2020 to 12/31/202018
01/01/2019 to 12/31/201919
Statement of Value Added20
Comments on the Company’s Consolidated Performance21
Notes to the quarterly financial information33
Comments on the Performance of Business Projections133
Reports and Statements 
Unqualified Independent Auditors’ Review Report136
Opinion of the Supervisory Board or Equivalent Body141
Opinion or Summary Report, if any, of the Audit Committee (statutory or otherwise)142
Officers Statement on the Financial Statements143
Officers Statement on Auditor’s Report144

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Annual Financial Statements - December 31, 2020 – CIA SIDERURGICA NACIONAL

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Company Information / Capital Breakdown

 

Number of Shares

(Units)

Current Year

12/31/2020

 
Paid-in Capital  
Common1,387,524,047 
Preferred0 
Total1,387,524,047 
Treasury Shares  
Common7,409,500 
Preferred0 
Total7,409,500 
 

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Annual Financial Statements - December 31, 2020 – CIA SIDERURGICA NACIONAL

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Parent Company Financial Statements / Balance Sheet - Assets
(R$ thousand)  
    
CodeDescriptionCurrent year 12/31/2020 Previous Year 12/31/2019
1Total Assets53,196,550 44,814,611
1.01Current assets14,879,594  9,719,866
1.01.01Cash and cash equivalents  4,647,125  392,107
1.01.02Financial investments  3,780,891  2,596,424
1.01.02.01Financial investments measured a fair value through profit or loss  3,305,109  2,114,620
1.01.02.01.03Financial investments measured a fair value through profit or loss – Usiminas’ shares  3,305,109  2,114,620
1.01.02.03Financial investments at amortized cost  475,782  481,804
1.01.03Trade receivables  1,549,703  1,691,643
1.01.04Inventory  3,014,446  3,736,716
1.01.06Recoverable taxes  1,381,853  1,129,584
1.01.08Other current assets  505,576  173,392
1.01.08.03Others  505,576  173,392
1.01.08.03.02Prepaid expenses 94,782 82,664
1.01.08.03.03Dividends receivable  329,413 33,447
1.01.08.03.04Others 81,381 57,281
1.02Non-current assets38,316,956 35,094,745
1.02.01Long-term assets  8,406,417  7,374,332
1.02.01.03Financial investments at amortized cost  123,409 95,719
1.02.01.07Deferred taxes assets  3,799,707  2,435,551
1.02.01.10Other non-current assets  4,483,301  4,843,062
1.02.01.10.03Recoverable taxes  738,431  1,907,420
1.02.01.10.04Judicial deposits  221,016  224,300
1.02.01.10.05Prepaid expenses 99,834  110,099
1.02.01.10.06Receivable from related parties  1,907,877  1,558,194
1.02.01.10.07Others  1,516,143  1,043,049
1.02.02Investments19,546,493 17,402,191
1.02.02.01Equity interest19,401,494 17,316,463
1.02.02.02Investment Property  144,999 85,728
1.02.03Property, plant and equipment10,315,724 10,266,084
1.02.03.01Property, plant and equipment in operation  8,598,597  8,685,330
1.02.03.02Right of use in leases 64,659 44,173
1.02.03.03Property, plant and equipment in progress  1,652,468  1,536,581
1.02.04Intangible assets 48,322 52,138

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Parent Company Financial Statements / Balance Sheet – Liabilities
(R$ thousand)  
    
CodeDescription Current year  12/31/2020 Previous Year 12/31/2019
2Total Liabilities53,196,55044,814,611
2.01Current liabilities10,756,084 9,224,591
2.01.01Payroll and related taxes 138,761170,792
2.01.02Trade payables 4,133,089 2,506,244
2.01.03Tax payables 289,095  78,911
2.01.04Borrowings and financing 3,858,493 4,396,840
2.01.05Other payables 2,302,188 2,019,788
2.01.05.02Others 2,302,188 2,019,788
2.01.05.02.04Dividends and interests on shareholder´s equity 901,983  13,252
2.01.05.02.05Advances from clients 196,595  72,404
2.01.05.02.06Trade payables – Drawee risk 623,861 1,121,312
2.01.05.02.07Lease liabilities26,546  17,269
2.01.05.02.08Other payables 553,203795,551
2.01.06Provisions34,458  52,016
2.01.06.01Provision for tax, social security, labor and civil risks34,458  52,016
2.02Non-current liabilities32,527,01525,415,476
2.02.01Borrowings and financing24,423,75319,702,620
2.02.02Other payables 771,292356,942
2.02.02.02Others 771,292356,942
2.02.02.02.03Lease liabilities40,561  28,671
2.02.02.02.04Derivative financial instruments97,535-
2.02.02.02.05Trade payables 376,753-
2.02.02.02.06Other payables 256,443328,271
2.02.04Provisions 7,331,970 5,355,914
2.02.04.01Provision for tax, social security, labor and civil risks 401,157370,703
2.02.04.02Other provisions 6,930,813 4,985,211
2.02.04.02.03Provision for environmental liabilities and decommissioning of assets 229,524164,464
2.02.04.02.04Pension and healthcare plan 758,426912,184
2.02.04.02.05Provision for losses on investments 5,942,863 3,908,563
2.03Shareholders’ equity 9,913,45110,174,544
2.03.01Paid-up capital 6,040,000 4,540,000
2.03.02Capital reserves32,720  32,720
2.03.04Earnings reserves 5,824,350 4,431,200
2.03.04.01Legal reserve 468,291278,576
2.03.04.02Statutory reserve 5,414,323 4,210,888
2.03.04.09Treasury shares  (58,264)(58,264)
2.03.08Other comprehensive income(1,983,619) 1,170,624
    

 

 

 

 

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Annual Financial Statements - December 31, 2020 – CIA SIDERURGICA NACIONAL

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Parent Company Financial Statements / Statement of Income 
(R$ thousand)  
    
CodeDescriptionCurrent year 01/01/2020 to 12/31/2020Previous year 01/01/2019 to 12/31/2019
3.01Net Revenue from sales14,184,40911,601,406
3.02Cost of sales  (11,755,186)  (11,285,668)
3.03Gross profit  2,429,223  315,738
3.04Operating (expenses)/income (999,254)  363,304
3.04.01Selling expenses (676,518) (542,393)
3.04.02General and administrative expenses (225,189) (257,113)
3.04.04Other operating income  423,803  426,599
3.04.05Other operating expenses (2,414,036) (1,984,226)
3.04.06Equity in results of affiliated companies  1,892,686  2,720,437
3.05Income before financial results and income taxes  1,429,969  679,042
3.06Financial income (expenses)  1,239,985 (1,367,202)
3.06.01Financial income  1,776,821  264,529
3.06.02Financial expenses (536,836) (1,631,731)
3.06.02.01Net exchange differences over financial instruments  915,827  104,244
3.06.02.02Financial expenses (1,452,663) (1,735,975)
3.07Income before income taxes  2,669,954 (688,160)
3.08Income tax and social contribution  1,124,341  2,477,227
3.09Net income from continued operations  3,794,295  1,789,067
3.11Net income for the year  3,794,295  1,789,067
3.99Earnings (loss) per common share - (reais/share) - -
3.99.01Basic earnings per share - -
3.99.01.01Common shares  2.74926  1.29632
3.99.02Diluted earnings per share - -
3.99.02.01Common shares  2.74926  1.29632

 

 

 

 

 

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Annual Financial Statements - December 31, 2020 – CIA SIDERURGICA NACIONAL

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Parent Company Financial Statements / Statement of Comprehensive Income
(R$ thousand)  
    
CodeDescriptionCurrent year 01/01/2020 to 12/31/2020Previous year 01/01/2019 to 12/31/2019
4.01Net income for the year  3,794,295  1,789,067
4.02Other comprehensive income (3,154,243) 105,436
4.02.01Actuarial gains/(losses) over pension plan of subsidiaries (604) (1,663)
4.02.02(Loss) /Gain over pension plan   133,673(111,532)
4.02.04Cumulative translation adjustments for the year 581,17532,922
4.02.10(Loss)/gain on the percentage change in investments  6,102 (2,288)
4.02.11(Loss)/gain cash flow hedge accounting, net of taxes (5,537,174)(604,828)
4.02.12Cash flow hedge accounting reclassified to income upon realization, net of taxes  1,667,886 790,353
4.02.13Gain (Loss) on net investment hedge from investments in subsidiaries (4,824)  2,472
4.02.14(Loss)/gain cash flow hedge accounting  –  “Platts”, net taxes,  from investments in subsidiaries (477) -
4.03Comprehensive income for the year 640,052  1,894,503

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Annual Financial Statements - December 31, 2020 – CIA SIDERURGICA NACIONAL

Version: 1

 

 

 

Parent Company Financial Statements / Statements of Cash Flows – Indirect Method
(R$ thousand)  
    
CodeDescriptionCurrent year 01/01/2020 to 12/31/2020Previous year 01/01/2019 to 12/31/2019
6.01Net cash from operating activities  5,841,1173,387,368
6.01.01Cash from operations  1,473,189  (963,806)
6.01.01.01Net income for the year  3,794,2951,789,067
6.01.01.02Financial charges in borrowing and financing raised  983,1381,348,901
6.01.01.03Financial charges in borrowing and financing granted(41,076) (56,253)
6.01.01.04Depreciation, amortization and depletion  888,555717,403
6.01.01.05Equity in results of affiliated companies (1,892,686)  (2,720,437)
6.01.01.06Deferred taxes assets (1,364,156)  (2,452,985)
6.01.01.07Provision for tax, social security, labor, civil and environmental risks 12,896  (180,214)
6.01.01.08Monetary and exchange variations, net  811,785764,983
6.01.01.10Charges on lease liabilities  3,969 4,785
6.01.01.11Write-off of property, plant and equipment right of use and Intangible assets 95  90,001
6.01.01.12Provision for actuarial liability(23,609) (19,052)
6.01.01.13Provision for environmental liabilities and decommissioning of assets 15,088 (27,420)
6.01.01.14PIS and Cofins credits -  (116,379)
6.01.01.16Unrealized loss (gains) on shares – Fair value through profit or loss (1,203,068)118,780
6.01.01.17Accrued/(reversal) for consumption and services(35,041)  (128,680)
6.01.01.18Contractual agreements -  (131,817)
6.01.01.19Receivables by indemnity (517,183)-
6.01.01.20Other provisions 40,187  35,511
6.01.02Changes in assets and liabilities  4,367,9284,351,174
6.01.02.01Trade receivables - third parties  228,233293,733
6.01.02.02Trade receivables - related party(89,448) (36,758)
6.01.02.03Inventory  722,270 (74,250)
6.01.02.04Receivables - related parties/dividends  2,150,1114,306,373
6.01.02.05Recoverable taxes  969,882  36,652
6.01.02.06Judicial deposits 50,058  31,295
6.01.02.09Trade payables  1,898,790  (148,847)
6.01.02.10Trade payables – Drawee risk (497,451)1,055,546
6.01.02.11Payroll and related taxes(32,031)  35,537
6.01.02.12Tax payables  234,520 (37,623)
6.01.02.13Payables to related parties (220,464)  51,811
6.01.02.14Advances from clients -402,176
 

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6.01.02.15Interest paid (1,051,557)  (1,400,496)
6.01.02.18Interest received  1,590-
6.01.02.19Others  3,425  (163,975)
6.02Net cash investment activities (1,122,827)  (1,528,868)
6.02.01Investments / AFAC / Acquisitions of Shares (140,815)  (246,402)
6.02.02Purchase of property, plant and equipment, intangible assets and  investment  property (844,409)  (1,347,892)
6.02.10Intercompany loans granted (4,452,235)  (216,047)
6.02.11Intercompany loans received  4,309,481-
6.02.13Financial Investments, net of redemption  5,151305,473
6.02.15Cash used to acquire interest in CBSI - (24,000)
6.03Net cash used in financing activities (463,272)  (2,006,246)
6.03.01Borrowings and financing raised 80,7443,448,534
6.03.02Transactions cost - Borrowings and financing(19,738) (38,377)
6.03.03Borrowings and financing – related parties  2,421,7133,350,149
6.03.04Amortization of borrowings and financing (1,922,270)  (6,127,733)
6.03.05Amortization of borrowings and financing - related parties (985,575)  (1,303,443)
6.03.06Dividends and interest on shareholder’s equity(12,414)  (1,309,983)
6.03.07Amortization of leases(25,732) (25,393)
6.05Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents  4,255,018  (147,746)
6.05.01Cash and equivalents at the beginning of the year  392,107539,853
6.05.02Cash and equivalents at the end of the year  4,647,125392,107

 

 

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Annual Financial Statements - December 31, 2020 – CIA SIDERURGICA NACIONAL

Version: 1

 

Parent Company Financial Statements / Statement of Changes in Equity - 01/01/2020 to 12/31/2020
(R$ thousand)      
CodeDescriptionPaid-up capitalCapital reserve, granted options and treasury sharesEarnings reserveRetained earnings (accumulated losses)Other comprehensive incomeShareholders’ equity
5.01Opening balances  4,540,000 32,720  4,431,200-1,170,62410,174,544
5.03Adjusted opening balances  4,540,000 32,720  4,431,200-1,170,62410,174,544
5.04Capital transaction with shareholders  1,500,000 - (1,500,000)(901,145)  -(901,145)
5.04.06Dividends - - -(901,145)  -(901,145)
5.04.08Capital increase proposed  1,500,000 - (1,500,000)-  - -
5.05Total comprehensive income - - - 3,794,295  (3,154,243) 640,052
5.05.01Profit (loss) for the period - - - 3,794,295  -  3,794,295
5.05.02Other comprehensive income - - --  (3,154,243) (3,154,243)
5.05.02.04Translation adjustments for the year - - --  581,175 581,175
5.05.02.06Actuarial gains/(losses) on pension plan, net of taxes - - --  133,069 133,069
5.05.02.07(Loss) / gain on the percentage change in investments - - --6,102  6,102
5.05.02.08(Loss) / gain on cash flow hedge accounting, net of taxes - - --  (3,869,765) (3,869,765)
5.05.02.09(Loss) / gain on hedge of net investment in foreign operations - - --  (4,824) (4,824)
5.06Internal changes in shareholders’ equity - -  2,893,150(2,893,150)  - -
5.06.01Constitution of reserves - -  2,893,150(2,893,150)  - -
5.07Closing balance  6,040,000 32,720  5,824,350-  (1,983,619)  9,913,451
        
        
 

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Annual Financial Statements - December 31, 2020 – CIA SIDERURGICA NACIONAL

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Parent Company Financial Statements / Statement of Changes in Equity - 01/01/2019 to 12/31/2019
(R$ thousand)      
        
CodeDescriptionPaid-up capitalCapital reserve, granted options and treasury sharesEarnings reserveRetained earnings (accumulated losses)Other comprehensive incomeShareholders’ equity
5.01Opening balances 4,540,00032,720 3,064,827 -1,065,188 8,702,735
5.03Adjusted opening balances 4,540,00032,720 3,064,827 -1,065,188 8,702,735
5.04Capital transaction with shareholders- --(422,694)  -(422,694)
5.04.06Dividends- --(424,903)  -(424,903)
5.04.08Reversal by prescription of dividends and interest on shareholder’s equity- --  2,209  - 2,209
5.05Total comprehensive income- -- 1,789,067105,436 1,894,503
5.05.01Profit (loss) for the period- -- 1,789,067  - 1,789,067
5.05.02Other comprehensive income- -- -105,436 105,436
5.05.02.04Translation adjustments for the year- -- -  32,922  32,922
5.05.02.06Actuarial gains/(losses) on pension plan, net of taxes- -- -  (113,195)(113,195)
5.05.02.07(Loss) / gain on the percentage change in investments- -- -  (2,288)(2,288)
5.05.02.08(Loss) / gain on cash flow hedge accounting, net of taxes- -- -185,525 185,525
5.05.02.09(Loss) / gain on hedge of net investment in foreign operations- -- -2,472 2,472
5.06Internal changes in shareholders’ equity- - 1,366,373(1,366,373)  --
5.06.01Constitution of reserves- - 1,366,373(1,366,373)  --
5.07Closing balance 4,540,00032,720 4,431,200 -1,170,624  10,174,544

 

 

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Annual Financial Statements - December 31, 2020 – CIA SIDERURGICA NACIONAL

Version: 1

 

Parent Company Financial Statements / Statement of Value Added
(R$ thousand)  
CodeDescriptionCurrent year 01/01/2020 to 12/31/2020Previous year 01/01/2019 to 12/31/2019
7.01Revenues 17,881,996  14,597,894
7.01.01Sales of products and rendering of services 17,636,193  14,496,929
7.01.02Other revenues  222,29191,357
7.01.04Allowance for (reversal of) doubtful debts 23,512 9,608
7.02Raw materials acquired from third parties(15,069,539) (13,783,622)
7.02.01Cost of sales and services(12,456,559) (11,755,635)
7.02.02Materials, electric power, outsourcing and other  (2,610,611)(1,985,476)
7.02.03Impairment/recovery of assets  (2,369)  (42,511)
7.03Gross value added2,812,457 814,272
7.04Retentions (886,519)(717,403)
7.04.01Depreciation, amortization and depletion (886,519)(717,403)
7.05Value added created1,925,93896,869
7.06Value added received3,975,088 3,126,070
7.06.01Equity in results of affiliates companies1,892,686 2,720,437
7.06.02Financial income1,776,821 264,529
7.06.03Others  305,581 141,104
7.06.03.01Others and exchange gains  305,581 141,104
7.07Value added for distribution5,901,026 3,222,939
7.08Value added distributed5,901,026 3,222,939
7.08.01Personnel1,300,736 1,367,278
7.08.01.01Salaries and wages  974,293 1,023,976
7.08.01.02Benefits  262,967 273,927
7.08.01.03Severance payment (FGTS) 63,47669,375
7.08.02Taxes, fees and contributions(40,774)(1,712,568)
7.08.02.01Federal (286,387)(1,943,919)
7.08.02.02State  245,613 231,351
7.08.03Remuneration on third-party capital  846,769 1,779,162
7.08.03.01Interest1,452,663 1,735,975
7.08.03.02Rental4,353 6,325
7.08.03.03Others (610,247)36,862
7.08.03.03.01Others and exchange losses (610,247)36,862
7.08.04Remuneration on Shareholders' capital3,794,295 1,789,067
7.08.04.02Dividends  901,145 424,903
7.08.04.03Retained earnings (accumulated losses)2,893,150 1,364,164

 

 

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Annual Financial Statements - December 31, 2020 – CIA SIDERURGICA NACIONAL

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Consolidated Financial Statements / Balance Sheet - Assets
(R$ thousand)  
CodeDescriptionCurrent year  12/31/2020Previous Year 12/31/2019
1Total assets  63,002,149  50,869,276
1.01Current assets  23,386,194  12,725,805
1.01.01Cash and cash equivalents9,944,5861,088,955
1.01.02Financial investments3,783,3622,633,173
1.01.02.01Financial investments measured a fair value through profit or loss3,305,1092,114,620
1.01.02.01.03Financial investments measured a fair value through profit or loss – Usiminas’ shares3,305,1092,114,620
1.01.02.03Financial investments at amortized cost478,253518,553
1.01.03Trade receivables2,867,3522,047,931
1.01.04Inventory4,817,5865,282,750
1.01.06Recoverable taxes1,605,4941,282,415
1.01.08Other current assets367,814390,581
1.01.08.03Others367,814390,581
1.01.08.03.02Prepaid expenses211,027203,733
1.01.08.03.03Dividends receivable  38,088  44,554
1.01.08.03.04Derivative financial instruments- 1,364
1.01.08.03.05Others118,699140,930
1.02Non-current assets  39,615,955  38,143,471
1.02.01Long-term assets8,887,1587,626,577
1.02.01.03Financial investments at amortized cost123,409  95,719
1.02.01.05Inventory347,304144,499
1.02.01.07Deferred taxes assets3,874,9462,473,304
1.02.01.10Other non-current assets4,541,4994,913,055
1.02.01.10.03Recoverable taxes938,4522,119,940
1.02.01.10.04Judicial deposits325,117328,371
1.02.01.10.05Prepaid expenses129,455139,927
1.02.01.10.06Receivable from related parties1,630,0701,274,972
1.02.01.10.07Others1,518,4051,049,845
1.02.02Investments3,695,7803,584,169
1.02.02.01Equity interest3,535,9063,482,974
1.02.02.02Investment Property159,874101,195
1.02.03Property, plant and equipment  19,716,223  19,700,944
1.02.03.01Property, plant and equipment in operation  15,519,233  16,011,547
1.02.03.02Right of use in leases516,668472,345
1.02.03.03Property, plant and equipment in progress3,680,3223,217,052
1.02.04Intangible assets7,316,7947,231,781

 

 

 

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Consolidated Financial Statements / Balance Sheet – Liabilities 
(R$ thousand)  
CodeDescriptionCurrent year  12/31/2020Previous Year 12/31/2019
2Total Liabilities 63,002,149 50,869,276
2.01Current liabilities 14,725,696 11,619,957
2.01.01Payroll and related taxes282,630317,510
2.01.02Trade payables4,819,5393,012,654
2.01.03Tax payables2,058,362541,027
2.01.04Borrowings and financing4,126,4535,125,843
2.01.05Other payables3,357,6392,526,444
2.01.05.02Others3,357,6392,526,444
2.01.05.02.04Dividends and interests on shareholder´s equity946,133 13,252
2.01.05.02.05Advances from clients1,100,772787,604
2.01.05.02.06Trade payables – Drawee risk623,8611,121,312
2.01.05.02.07Lease liabilities  93,626 35,040
2.01.05.02.08Derivative financial instruments8,722  -
2.01.05.02.09Other payables584,525569,236
2.01.06Provisions  81,073 96,479
2.01.06.01Provision for tax, social security, labor and civil risks81,073 96,479
2.02Non-current liabilities 37,024,948 27,887,387
2.02.01Borrowings and financing 31,144,200 22,841,193
2.02.02Other payables3,145,3362,493,702
2.02.02.02Others3,145,3362,493,702
2.02.02.02.03Advances from clients1,725,8381,845,248
2.02.02.02.04Lease liabilities436,505439,350
2.02.02.02.05Derivative financial instruments  97,535  -
2.02.02.02.06Trade payables543,527  -
2.02.02.02.07Other payables341,931209,104
2.02.03Deferred taxes assets618,836589,539
2.02.04Provisions2,116,5761,962,953
2.02.04.01Provision for tax, social security, labor and civil risks554,315526,768
2.02.04.02Other provision1,562,2611,436,185
2.02.04.02.03Provision for environmental liabilities and decommissioning of assets803,835524,001
2.02.04.02.04Pension and healthcare plan758,426912,184
2.03Shareholders’ equity 11,251,505 11,361,932
2.03.01Paid-up capital6,040,0004,540,000
2.03.02Capital reserves  32,720 32,720
2.03.04Earnings reserves5,824,3504,431,200
2.03.04.01Legal reserve468,291278,576
2.03.04.02Statutory reserve5,414,3234,210,888
2.03.04.09Treasury shares (58,264)(58,264)
2.03.08Other comprehensive income  (1,983,619)1,170,624
2.03.09Profit attributable to the non-controlling interests1,338,0541,187,388

 

 

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Consolidated Financial Statements / Statements of Income
(R$ thousand)  
CodeDescriptionCurrent year 01/01/2020 to 12/31/2020Previous year 01/01/2019 to 12/31/2019
3.01 Net Revenue from sales 30,064,020 25,436,417
3.02 Cost of sales(19,124,901)(17,263,264)
3.03 Gross profit 10,939,1198,173,153
3.04Operating (expenses)/income  (5,224,682)  (4,631,236)
3.04.01Selling expenses  (2,004,417)  (2,342,805)
3.04.02General and administrative expenses  (504,458)  (511,065)
3.04.04Other operating income482,494503,770
3.04.05Other operating expenses  (3,270,056)  (2,406,851)
3.04.06Equity in results of affiliated companies  71,755125,715
3.05Income before financial results and income taxes5,714,4373,541,917
3.06Financial income (expenses)  (796,311)  (2,131,184)
3.06.01Financial income1,802,728379,042
3.06.02Financial expenses  (2,599,039)  (2,510,226)
3.06.02.01Net exchange differences over financial instruments277,156  52,565
3.06.02.02Financial expenses  (2,876,195)  (2,562,791)
3.07 Income before income taxes4,918,1261,410,733
3.08Income tax and social contribution  (625,508)833,778
3.09Net income from continued operations4,292,6182,244,511
3.11Consolidated net income for the year4,292,6182,244,511
3.11.01Net income attributable to the controlling interests3,794,2951,789,067
3.11.02Net income attributable to the non-controlling interests498,323455,444
3.99Earnings per share – (Reais / Share)  -  -
3.99.01Basic earnings per share  -  -
3.99.01.01Common shares2.749261.29632
3.99.02Diluted earnings per share  -  -
3.99.02.01Common shares2.749261.29632

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Consolidated Financial Statements / Statement of Comprehensive Income
(R$ thousand)  
    
CodeDescriptionCurrent year 01/01/2020 to 12/31/2020Previous year 01/01/2019 to 12/31/2019
4.01Consolidated net income for the year4,292,6182,244,511
4.02Other comprehensive income  (3,154,442)105,537
4.02.01Actuarial gains/(losses) over pension plan of subsidiaries879424
4.02.02(Loss) /Gain over pension plan  132,059  (113,518)
4.02.04Cumulative translation adjustments for the year581,175  32,922
4.02.05Cash flow hedge accounting - "Platts" reclassified to income upon realization186,878-
4.02.06Losses from cash flow hegde accounting - "Platts", net of taxes  (187,423)-
4.02.09(Loss)/gain on the percentage change in investments 6,102(2,288)
4.02.10(Loss)/gain cash flow hedge accounting, net of taxes  (5,537,174)  (604,828)
4.02.11Cash flow hedge reclassified to income upon realization, net of taxes1,667,886790,353
4.02.12(Loss)/gain on hedge of net investment in foreign operations.(4,824) 2,472
4.03Consolidated comprehensive income for the year1,138,1762,350,048
4.03.01Profit attributable to the controlling interests640,0521,894,503
4.03.02Profit attributable to the non-controlling interests498,124455,545

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Consolidated Financial Statements / Statements of Cash Flows – Indirect Method
(R$ thousand)  
CodeDescriptionCurrent year 01/01/2020 to 12/31/2020Previous year 01/01/2019 to 12/31/2019
6.01Net cash from operating activities  9,576,874  4,871,879
6.01.01Cash from operations  7,504,197  3,714,351
6.01.01.01Net income attributable to the controlling interests  3,794,295  1,789,067
6.01.01.02Net income of non-controlling shareholders  498,323 455,444
6.01.01.03Financial charges in borrowing and financing raised  1,909,546  1,879,116
6.01.01.04Financial charges in borrowing and financing granted  (32,684)  (58,728)
6.01.01.05Depreciation, amortization and depletion  2,522,063  1,519,331
6.01.01.06Equity in results of affiliated companies  (71,755)(125,715)
6.01.01.07Charges on lease liabilities54,23652,607
6.01.01.08Deferred taxes assets (1,426,696) (2,398,400)
6.01.01.09Provision for tax, social security, labor, civil and environmental risks  4,405(164,223)
6.01.01.10Monetary and exchange variations, net  2,010,056 853,449
6.01.01.12Contractual agreements -(131,817)
6.01.01.13Write-off of property, plant and equipment right of use and Intangible assets12,998 114,603
6.01.01.14Accrued/(reversal) for consumption and services  (29,057)(130,339)
6.01.01.15Provision for actuarial liability  (24,019)  (20,194)
6.01.01.16PIS and Cofins credits -(160,609)
6.01.01.17Receivables by indemnity (517,183) -
6.01.01.18Provision for environmental liabilities and decommissioning of assets10,38817,110
6.01.01.19Unrealized loss (gains) on shares – Fair value through profit or loss (1,203,068) 118,780
6.01.01.20Other provisions (7,651) 104,869
6.01.02Changes in assets and liabilities  2,072,677  1,157,528
6.01.02.01Trade receivables - third parties (594,731)49,338
6.01.02.02Trade receivables - related party49,412  (77,271)
6.01.02.03Inventory  755,571(218,242)
6.01.02.04Receivables - related parties/dividends90,30699,276
6.01.02.05Recoverable taxes  865,98414,051
6.01.02.06Judicial deposits50,02819,312
6.01.02.08Trade payables  2,103,283(354,288)
6.01.02.09Trade payables – Drawee risk (497,451)  1,055,546
6.01.02.10Payroll and related taxes  (43,649)36,271
6.01.02.11Tax payables  1,654,135 280,413
6.01.02.12Payables to related parties12,019  1,956
6.01.02.13Advances from clients  (10,011)  2,524,826
6.01.02.14Interest paid (1,922,130) (2,039,112)
6.01.02.15Derivative instrument cash settlement (299,585) -
6.01.02.17Others (140,504)(234,548)
 

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6.02Net cash investment activities (1,863,655) (2,236,367)
6.02.01Investments / Acquisitions of Shares (132,197)(209,832)
6.02.02Purchase of property, plant and equipment, intangible assets and investment property (1,683,839) (2,215,883)
6.02.04Receipt/(payment) in derivative transactions - (230)
6.02.06Intercompany loans granted (101,631)(101,913)
6.02.07Intercompany loans received14,58423,623
6.02.08Financial Investments, net of redemption39,428 289,213
6.02.11Cash used to acquire interest in CBSI -  (21,345)
6.03Net cash used in financing activities  1,185,072 (3,788,864)
6.03.01Borrowings and financing raised  8,085,90210,068,627
6.03.02Transactions cost - Borrowings and financing  (39,174)  (67,362)
6.03.05Amortization of borrowings and financing (6,448,658)  (11,775,093)
6.03.06Amortization of leases (103,648)  (94,727)
6.03.07Dividends and interest on shareholder’s equity (309,350) (1,920,309)
6.04Exchange rate on translating cash and cash equivalents  (42,660) (5,697)
6.05Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents  8,855,631 (1,159,049)
6.05.01Cash and equivalents at the beginning of the year  1,088,955  2,248,004
6.05.02Cash and equivalents at the end of the year  9,944,586  1,088,955

 

 

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Consolidated Financial Statements / Statements of Changes in Equity - 01/01/2020 to 12/31/2020
(R$ thousand)        
CodeDescriptionPaid-up capitalCapital reserve, granted options and treasury sharesEarnings reserveRetained earnings (accumulated losses)Other comprehensive incomeShareholders’ equityNon-controlling interestsShareholders’ equity
5.01Opening balances  4,540,00032,720 4,431,200  -1,170,624  10,174,544 1,187,388  11,361,932
5.03Adjusted opening balances  4,540,00032,720 4,431,200  -1,170,624  10,174,544 1,187,388  11,361,932
5.04Capital transaction with shareholders  1,500,000 -(1,500,000) (901,145)  -  (901,145)  (347,458)(1,248,603)
5.04.06Dividends - - - (901,145)  -  (901,145)  (296,936)(1,198,081)
5.04.07Interest on equity - - -  -  -- (50,522) (50,522)
5.04.08Capital increase proposed  1,500,000 -(1,500,000)  -  ----
5.05Total comprehensive income - - -  3,794,295  (3,154,243)640,052498,124 1,138,176
5.05.01(Loss) profit for the year - - -  3,794,295  - 3,794,295498,323 4,292,618
5.05.02Other comprehensive income - - -  -  (3,154,243)(3,154,243)(199)(3,154,442)
5.05.02.04Translation adjustments for the year - - -  -581,175581,175-581,175
5.05.02.06Actuarial gains/(losses) on pension plan, net of taxes - - -  -133,069133,069(131)132,938
5.05.02.07(Loss)/gain on the percentage change in investments - - -  -6,102 6,102- 6,102
5.05.02.08(Loss) / gain on cash flow hedge accounting, net of taxes - - -  -  (3,869,765)(3,869,765) (68)(3,869,833)
5.05.02.09(Loss) / gain on hedge of net investment in foreign operations - - -  -  (4,824)(4,824)-(4,824)
5.06Internal changes in shareholders’ equity - - 2,893,150 (2,893,150)  ----
5.06.01Constitution of reserves - - 2,893,150 (2,893,150)  ----
5.07Closing balance  6,040,00032,720 5,824,350  -  (1,983,619) 9,913,451 1,338,054  11,251,505

 

 

 

 

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Consolidated Financial Statements / Statements of Changes in Equity - 01/01/2019 to 12/31/2019
(R$ thousand)        
          
CodeDescriptionPaid-up capitalCapital reserve, granted options and treasury sharesEarnings reserveRetained earnings (accumulated losses)Other comprehensive incomeShareholders’ equityNon-controlling interestsShareholders’ equity
5.01Opening balances  4,540,000  32,720 3,064,827 -  1,065,188 8,702,735 1,310,705  10,013,440
5.03Adjusted opening balances  4,540,000  32,720 3,064,827 -  1,065,188 8,702,735 1,310,705  10,013,440
5.04Capital transaction with shareholders -  -- (422,694) -(422,694)(578,862)(1,001,556)
5.04.06Dividends -  -- (424,903) -(424,903)(513,842)(938,745)
5.04.07Interest on equity -  -- - --  (65,020)  (65,020)
5.04.08Reversal by prescription of dividends and interest on shareholder’s equity -  --  2,209 - 2,209 - 2,209
5.05Total comprehensive income -  --  1,789,067  105,436 1,894,503 455,545 2,350,048
5.05.01(Loss) profit for the year -  --  1,789,067 - 1,789,067 455,444 2,244,511
5.05.02Other comprehensive income -  -- -  105,436 105,436 101 105,537
5.05.02.04Translation adjustments for the year -  -- - 32,92232,922 -32,922
5.05.02.06Actuarial gains/(losses) on pension plan, net of taxes -  -- - (113,195)(113,195)(193)(113,388)
5.05.02.07(Loss)/gain on the percentage change in investments -  -- - (2,288)(2,288) 294(1,994)
5.05.02.08(Loss) / gain on cash flow hedge accounting, net of taxes -  -- -  185,525 185,525 - 185,525
5.05.02.09(Loss) / gain on hedge of net investment in foreign operations -  -- -  2,472 2,472 - 2,472
5.06Internal changes in shareholders’ equity -  - 1,366,373 (1,366,373) -- --
5.06.01Constitution of reserves -  - 1,366,373 (1,366,373) -- --
5.07Closing balance  4,540,000  32,720 4,431,200 -  1,170,624  10,174,544 1,187,388  11,361,932

 

 

 

 

 

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Consolidated Financial Statements / Statements of Value Added
(R$ thousand)  
    
CodeDescriptionCurrent year 01/01/2020 to 12/31/2020Previous year 01/01/2019 to 12/31/2019
7.01Revenues 34,077,135 28,701,852
7.01.01Sales of products and rendering of services 33,800,239 28,557,923
7.01.02Other revenues  236,688  151,625
7.01.04Allowance for (reversal of) doubtful debts 40,208  (7,696)
7.02Raw materials acquired from third parties(21,991,311)(20,043,617)
7.02.01Cost of sales and services(17,075,664)(15,273,523)
7.02.02Materials, electric power, outsourcing and other (4,826,571) (4,631,026)
7.02.03Impairment/recovery of assets(89,076) (139,068)
7.03Gross value added 12,085,824  8,658,235
7.04Retentions (2,516,728) (1,519,331)
7.04.01Depreciation, amortization and depletion (2,516,728) (1,519,331)
7.05Value added created  9,569,096  7,138,904
7.06Value added received  2,491,322  700,453
7.06.01Equity in results of affiliated companies 71,755  125,715
7.06.02Financial income  1,802,728  379,042
7.06.03Others  616,839  195,696
7.06.03.01Others and exchange gains  616,839  195,696
7.07Value added for distribution 12,060,418  7,839,357
7.08Value added distributed 12,060,418  7,839,357
7.08.01Personnel  2,209,979  2,659,536
7.08.01.01Salaries and wages  1,709,652  2,041,135
7.08.01.02Benefits  402,739  497,865
7.08.01.03Severance payment (FGTS) 97,588  120,536
7.08.02Taxes, fees and contributions  2,329,773  211,914
7.08.02.01Federal  1,881,149 (100,093)
7.08.02.02State  414,209  288,148
7.08.02.03Municipal 34,415 23,859
7.08.03Remuneration on third-party capital  3,228,048  2,723,396
7.08.03.01Interest  2,876,195  2,562,791
7.08.03.02Rental 12,170 17,464
7.08.03.03Others  339,683  143,141
7.08.03.03.01Others and exchange losses  339,683  143,141
7.08.04Remuneration on Shareholders' capital  4,292,618  2,244,511
7.08.04.02Dividends  901,145  424,903
7.08.04.03Retained earnings (accumulated losses)  2,893,150  1,364,164
7.08.04.04Non-controlling interests in retained earnings  498,323  455,444
 

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MANAGEMENT REPORT 2020

 

 

1.ADMINISTRATION MESSAGE

 

We all know how challenging 2020 was. As soon as the pandemic was declared in Brazil, our reaction was to prepare the company for an unprecedented storm ahead. More than ever, we followed hard our essence of "do well, do more and do forever", ensuring maximum competitiveness and endurance to face the whirlwind that formed. We faced the pandemic as true heroes, maintaining the production of everything Brazil needed, without missing essential products to the market and even to cope with the pandemic. However, we faced the situation well and the market expectation, already from the third quarter, became favorable.

 

With the growing external demand for iron ore and steel, CSN ended the year in a winning manner. We have overcome our challenges and further consolidated ourselves as a strong and resilient company. The Group's net revenue swelled by 18% compared to 2019. In Cement business our net revenue increased 50% compared to the previous year, with sales volume 13% higher. Another important factor was the downsizing of our leverage: we committed ourselves to the market to significantly reduce our indebtedness, and so it was done. From 3.77 times the net debt by Ebtida (earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization) adjusted in 2019, we reached 2.23 times in 2020. In 2021, we are committed to further reducing our leverage – and the entire market has been following our mobilization for this.

 

In addition to the good results and the solidity that we once again demonstrated to the market, 2020 was also decisive to reinforce the commitment to the ESG (Environmental, Social and Governance) critical in CSN's business strategies. Together with the incessant search for innovation and the implementation of new technologies in our operations, environmental, social and governance issues stand out as a strategic pillar in our operations. The world is experiencing a new and silent industrial revolution that will force all companies to adapt to ESG best practices, and CSN, which has been at the forefront of these issues for some time, once again proves that this is the only possible way.

 

CSN Mineração, a pioneer in the implementation of large-scale tailings filtration, has made its operations independent of the disposal of tailings in dams, ending 2020 with 100% of them filtered and dried. It also once again took the lead by being the first mining company in Minas Gerais to have a dam upstream uncharacterized. These are achievements that certainly represent a new chapter in the history of mining. In addition, CSN Mineração achieved a net revenue of R$ 13,790 billion, an increase of 17% compared to 2019.

In the steel industry, despite the necessary production adjustments, due to the readjustment of demand caused by the pandemic, we were able to maintain stable our sales, while substantially reducing the dependence on purchases of third-party boards.

 

An important point also to be highlighted is our progress in terms of security. After all, good operational performance is directly linked to this issue. In 2020, we achieved our best indicators in the last 7 years, with a reduction of the taxa of frequence of accidents by 19% compared to the previous year.

 

The year 2021 is still challenging. The world continues to face the pandemic and suffer the adverse effects it causes on people’s lives and in the economy. CSN will continue to be guided by concern about environmental, social, health and governance issues, not measuring efforts to ensure that productivity and efficiency increase always follow best practices and with the investments necessary to perpetuate the sustainable growth of the organization.

 

 

 

Benjamin Steinbruch

 

Chairman of the Board of Directors

 

 

 

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2-THE COMPANY

 

With businessin steel, mining, cement, logistics and energy, CSN operates in an integrated manner throughout the steel production chain, from the extraction of iron ore to the production and commercialization of a diversified line of steel products of high added value. The integrated production system, combined with the quality of management, makes CSN have one of the lowest production costs in the business in which it operates.

 

CSN has an installed capacity of 6.7 million tons of steel, of which 5.2 million are flat steels and 1.5 million long steels (0.4 million UPV and 1.1 million SWT) and the volume sold in 2020 reached 4.65 million tons. Of this total, 69% was sold domestically and 31% exported or sold through its subsidiaries abroad.

 

In the mining segment there was a 19% drop in sales in 2019, compared to the previous year, due to the rains that impacted 1Q20. On the total production side, the company ended the year with 30.7 million tons.

 

CSN is one of the largest industrial consumers of electricity in the country, having electricity generation assets through participation in consortia of hydroelectric plants, in addition to generating energy integrated into its production process. This electric energy self-production activity enables CSN to achieve very competitive energy costs.

 

3- PERSPECTIVES, STRATEGIES AND INVESTMENTS

 

In the five segments in which it operates, CSN has been investing to expand the competitive advantages of its units and in the review of the portfolio of business and projects, seeking to maximize the return to its shareholders.

 

3.1- STEEL

 

The Presidente Vargas Plant in Volta Redonda is CSN's main steel production unit, with an installed production capacity of 5.6 million tons of crude steel, 5.2 million flat steel and 0.4 million long steels. In 2020, the plant produced 3.7 million tons of crude steel, 3.5 million flat steel and 0.2 million long steels, while laminate production reached 3.4 million tons. In addition to its units in Brazil, the Company has two subsidiaries abroad: Lusosider, located in Portugal, and SWT- Stahlwerk Thuringen - in Germany.

 

3.2- MINING

 

In 2020 CSN sold about 31,15 million tons of iron ore, of which 4,2 million tons were destined for the Presidente Vargas Plant. Tecar, a port terminal operated by CSN Mineração S.A., located in the Port of Itaguaí, in turn, shipped about 24.1 million tons of iron ore in 2020. CSN Mineração also exported 2.8 million tons of iron ore through the Southeast Port.

 

3.3 - LOGISTICS

 

Ports

Tecon, a port administered by Sepetiba Tecon S.A., controlled by CSN, is positioned as the largest container handling terminal in the State of Rio de Janeiro and one of the largest in Brazil in this segment. Tecon has a current capacity of 660,000TEUs (Twenty-Foot Equivalent Unit) annually.

 

Railways

 

CSN has a stake in three railway companies: MRS Logística S.A., Transnordestina Logística S.A. and FTL - Ferrovia Transnordestina Logística.

 

 

MRS Logística S.A. (MRS)

 

CSN has, directly and indirectly, 34.94% of MRS's capital, which operates the former Southeastern Network of The Federal Railway Network S.A. (RFFSA), in the Rio de Janeiro - São Paulo - Belo Horizonte axis.

 

MRS's main segment of operation is heavy haul loads ( ore loads, coal and coque), having transported, in 2020, about 98.2 million tons of these products, the equivalent of 61.5% of the total transported by MRS. Recently, MRS has been following a strategy of diversification of the cargo transported with a great focus on general cargo, which reached a level of 38.5% in the mix transported in 2020, representing an important revenue of growth for MRS in addition to mining transport.

 

 

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The rail transport services provided by MRS are essential for the supply of raw materials and the disposal of final products. All the iron ore, coal and coe consumed by the Presidente Vargas Plant is transported by MRS, as well as part of the steel produced by CSN.

 

Transnordestina Logística S.A. (TLSA)

 

TLSA holds the concession for the construction and operation of the Nova Transnordestina railway, with an extension of 1,753 km, which will connect the railway terminal in Eliseu Martins (PI) to the Ports of Suape (PE) and Pecém (CE), passing through several cities in the states of Piauí, Pernambuco and Ceará. The projected operating capacity of the railroad will be 30 million tons/year and should play an important role in the development of the Northeast region, creating a logistics option for the oil and derivatives, agriculture and mining sectors, among others.

 

FTL - Ferrovia Transnordestina Logística S.A. (FTL)

 

FTL holds the concession of the former northeast network of the RFFSA, which runs through seven states: Maranhão, Piauí, Ceará, Rio Grande do Norte, Paraíba, Pernambuco and Alagoas, with a total extension of 4,534 km and current transportation capacity of about two million tons/year, with emphasis on the transportation of fuel, cement and cellulose, among others. Ftl currently has an operational railway network that connects the states of Maranhão, Piauí and Ceará along 1,191 km. The other railway sections are suspended traffic, in the process of being negotiationd for their return with the National Land Transport Agency (ANTT) and the National Department of Transport Infrastructure (DNIT).

 

4-RELEVANT CORPORATE EVENTS

 

In 2020 there was no relevant event or corporate transaction, pursuant to the legislation in force.

 

 

5 - CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

 

Investor Relations

 

CSN continues to expand its communication channels, aiming to increase the Transparency and Exposure of the Company through new coverage of financial institutions and participation in events and conferences.

 

Capital Social

 

CSN's share capital is divided into 1,387,524,047 common and book-entry shares, with no par value, and each common share is entitled to one vote in the resolutions of the General Shareholders' Meetings.

 

Controlled by Vicunha Aços S.A. and Rio Iaco Participações S.A. which hold respectively 48.97% and 4.19% of CSN's total capital, the Company's management is the responsibility of the Board of Directors and the Executive Board.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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CSN – Shareholder Composition on 12/31/2020 (%)

 

 

 

*Controlling Group

 

 

Shareholders' General Meeting

 

Once a year, as established by the legislation, the shareholders meet at the Ordinary General Meeting to decide on the accounts presented by the directors, the financial statements, the allocation of the result of the year, eventual distribution of dividends, and every two years, also deliberate on the election of the members of the Board of Directors. The General Meeting also takes place extraordinarily, whenever necessary, to deliberate on matters that are not within its ordinary competence.

 

Board of Directors

 

The Board of Directors shall be composed of up to eleven members, who meet ordinarily on the dates foreseen in the annual calendar, at least once each quarter and, extraordinarily when necessary. The term of office of the Directors is two years, with the possibility of re-election. Currently the Board of Directors is composed of five members. The Board of Directors shall, among other duties, define and monitor the Company's policies and strategies, monitor the acts of the Executive Board and decide on relevant matters involving Company’s business and operations. It is responsible for the election and removal of the members of the Executive Board, and may also, if necessary, create special committees for his advisory.

 

Executive Board

 

The Executive Board is composed between two and nine Executive Directors, who meet whenever convened by the Chief Executive Officer or by two Executive Directors, overseeing each Executive Director to conduct the operations relevant to its area of operation. The term of office of the Executive Directors is two years, and re-election is permitted. Currently composed of five Executive Directors, one of them being the Chief Executive Officer. The Executive Board, in the following observations and resolutions of the Board of Directors and the General Meeting, has the powers of administration and management of the Company's social business.

 

 

 

Fiscal Council

 

The Non-Permanent Fiscal Council is currently installed, with a mandate until the 2021Ordinary General Meeting, and is composed of three full members and three alternate members, of whom one full member and an alternate member were appointed by minority shareholders of the Company. The Supervisory Board has as its main function to supervise the acts of the administrators and verify the fulfillment of their legal and statutory duties. In addition, the Fiscal Council is also responsible for examining the quarterly information and financial statements prepared by the Company, giving an opinion on the annual report of the management and the proposals of the management bodies to be submitted to the General Meeting.

 

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Audit Committee

 

The Audit Committee is composed of three independent members, elected by the Board of Directors, with a management term of 2 years. The Audit Committee meets ordinarily at least once each quarter and, extraordinarily, whenever necessary. The Audit Committee has the autonomy to exercise tasks with regard to the provisions of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act - Sections 301 and 407. Some of its main duties are: to review the financial statements and other public information on the operational performance and financial situation of the Company and to recommend to the Board of Directors the appointment, remuneration and hiring of external auditor, as well as to monitor the performance of internal and external audits.

 

Internal Audit

 

CSN has an Audit, Risk and Compliance Board, with independent operations within the organization, linked to the Board Directors, according to Art.19, VIII of the bylaws.

 

The internal audit team has its own methodology and tools to carry out its activities, which are aligned with the best market practices and adopts a systematic and disciplined approach, acting objectively and independently in the conduct of its work, to evaluate the effectiveness of controls and consequent improvement of risk management, control and governance processes, as well as fraud prevention, reporting its results to the Management Council, through the Audit Committee.

 

Independent auditors

 

The independent auditors, Grant Thornton Auditores Independentes, which in 2020 provided services to CSN and its subsidiaries, were hired to issue a conclusion on the quarterly financial statements and opinion on the Company's annual financial statements and additional services to the examination of the financial statements. It is understood that both the Company and its independent auditors that such services do not affect the independence of the auditors.

 

Amounts related to the services provided by the auditors(R$ thousand)
Fees related to external audit1,913
Fees related to other assurance services1,545

 

Total

 

3,458

 

The services provided by the external auditors, in addition to the examination of the financial statements, are previously submitted to the Audit Committee to conclude, in accordance with the relevant legislation, whether such services, do not represent a conflict of interest or affect the independence and objectivity of the independent auditors. Pursuant to CVM Instruction 480/09, the Board of Directors declared on 02/22/2021 that it discussed, reviewed and agreed with the opinions expressed in the opinion of the independent auditors and with the financial statements for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020.

 

Sarbanes-Oxley Act

 

The Company has in its corporate governance structure the Audit, Risk and Compliance Board, which has as one of its attributions, the assessment of risks that may impact on the financial statements and definition of internal controls to mitigate them, together with the managers responsible for business processes. The Company evaluates the effectiveness of its internal control structure, according to principles established in COSO 2013 and in compliance with the Sarbanes-Oxley Law, and the result of this evaluation is reported to senior management and the Audit Committee.

 

In an evaluation of internal controls by management, together with the external auditor, the Company did not identify material weakness as of December 31, 2018. The Company is in the final phase of the evaluation of internal controls for the year 2019, in compliance with section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act.

 

 

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Code of Ethics

 

The Company has a code of ethics approved by the Board of Directors contemplating principles applied in compliance with the Anti-Corruption Law (12,846/13). The code applies to all employees, directors and directors and also establishes ethical principles and responsibilities for third parties, considering suppliers, service providers and any intermediary and associated agents. The code is made available to all employees and business partners and is used as a statement of commitments made of conduct. Its guidelines are public and can be found on the CSN website at the e-mailwww.csn.com.br.

 

The Audit, Risk and Compliance Board is responsible for the Integrity Program, which aims to ensure compliance with ethical standards of conduct in the exercise of activities and transparency in business. Part of this process is the continuous training of employees and compliance monitoring of laws, regulations, policies and internal standards

 

The Company also has reporting channels for reports of misconduct or suspicion. The reporting of complaints by employees, third parties and the external public may take place anonymously or identified, maintaining confidentiality, confidentiality and the guarantee of non-retaliation. The complaints are handled by the Audit Management, subordinated to the Audit, Risks and Compliance Board and reported to the Audit Committee.

 

Disclosure of Material Acts and Facts

 

CSN has a Policy of Disclosure of Material Act or Fact and Securities Trading according to which all disclosure must be made with reliable, adequate and transparent data, within the deadlines and with homogeneity, as established in CVM Instruction 358/2002 and section 409 – Real-Time Disclosure of the Sarbanes-Oxley Law. This policy establishes that the Company's Material Acts and Facts must be carried through the Folha de São Paulo News Portal, together with the disclosure on the investor relations websites of the Company, the Securities and Exchange Commission and B3 S.A. – Brazil, Bolsa, Balcão.

 

6- INNOVATION

 

The Company has more than 60 years of research, development and innovation activities, having been the first national steel maker to produce coated and pre-painted steels.

Innovation is part of our essence as a pioneer company in process, product and commercial solutions, always committed to quality and the search for new initiatives that deliver greater added value to our customers and stakeholders. CSN seeks innovative performance in all its business areas and has structures totally dedicated to innovation, such as CSN Inova and the Research and Development Center.

Created in 2018, CSN Inova is CSN's innovation arm, which aims to position the Company strategically and actively in the innovation ecosystem. Although there are innovative initiatives disseminated throughout the company, CSN Inova is responsible for systematizing and leading the innovation process in an organized and broad manner, in order to enable the execution of innovation projects by groups of people with different skills and different areas of activity.

The essence of CSN - "Doing well, doing more and doing forever" - directs the pillars of innovation of CSN Inova: (i) Process Optimization and Operational Efficiency, (ii) New Sources of Revenue and (iii) Culture and Sustainability. In addition to systematizing and leading the process of open innovation (hiring startups, connecting with universities, innovation hubs and other ecosystem agents) CSN Inova - always in conjunction with business areas - conducts projects that introduce new methodologies to solve the company's challenges, which help the Company in digital transformation, enhance CSN's assets, generate opportunities for new business development for the Company, among others.

In its first cycle of operation, CSN Inova, together with multidisciplinary teams of employees, conducted projects related to digitization and process optimization. These projects involved the identification of the Company's challenges and implementation of solutions presented by startups in the following areas: Legal, HR and UPV's operational. Based on the good results obtained in this first moment, CSN Inova went through an expansion process, increasing its scope of operation and extending it to other areas of the company, in order to give scale to its methodology and the positive impacts for the Company.

In turn, at CSN's Research and Development Center located in Volta Redonda, the General Management of Product Development operates, which has as main mission the development of new products to increase the competitiveness of the company. To this end, the area aims to ennoble the Mix and expand the portfolio, aiming at gaining Market-Share in various market segments, in addition to contributing to the implementation of new technologies in the production process.

The laboratory structure of the Research and Development Center is composed of 15 laboratories that perform analyses related to the physical, chemical, mechanical and metallographic characteristics of CSN steels and other alloys, with state-of-the-art equipment such as optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SAM). The Company also has an Environment Laboratory for environmental monitoring accredited by the responsible body - INEA.

The Research and Development Center also contains physical and computational simulation laboratories, with state-of-the-art equipment such as gleeble 3500 which, among other modules, has "Large Sample Annealing" (first in Latin America), which allows simulations of thermomechanical processes for optimization of industrial processes. Furthermore, CSN's computer simulation laboratory has several software, such as forming simulation and stamping, which allows you to evaluate in advance the performance of the CSN product in its various applications for its customers.

 

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In 2019, some projects of the Research and Development Center stand out.

For the automotive and auto parts market are being developed high strength products classes 420 and 500MPa to meet the needs of structural application in vehicles of the main automakers in Brazil. In addition, CSN has been working on the development of advanced steels (AHSS – Advanced High Strength Steels), in the categories Dual Phase (bi-phase), Complex Phase (CP) steels and hot-stamping steel (PHS) or "Hot Forming", which represents a strong trend of increased application in car body parts, because it allows the conformation of complex geometries and with high mechanical resistance requirement in the final part. The family of polyphasic steels (AHSS) is the response of the world steel industry to the demand for materials produced with current production methods, offering products of high mechanical strength and good conformability, fully meeting the manufacturing requirements of the automakers, vehicle safety, mass reduction and fuel consumption and consequently lower generation of polluting gases, thus minimizing environmental impacts.

In the segment of hot rolled flat steels, the focus was on meeting the needs of the market, maintaining the traditional quality of CSN's products, associated with the continuous search for reduction in the cost of steel and sustainability. Examples include the development of a family of high mechanical strength steel for application in structures for photovoltaic panels and the development of high strength steel for weight reduction of truck wheels. In the segment of cold rolled flat steels, it is possible to highlight the increase in the offer of extra fine products with bright surface characteristics. For the white line market, we highlight the effort to reduce the thickness of our steels, increasingly required by customers in this sector. It is also worth mentioning the development projects of high strength steels for the construction segment.

Finally, in the segment of pre-painted steels, there has been an increase in the diversification of applications, following market trends in aesthetics and durability. With regard to the aesthetic effect, new products with beading paints and textured paints were approved on the market that meet this new trend. The use of pre-painted steel has allowed CSN to provide an optimization in the steel use chain, reducing manufacturing steps in its customers with consequent reduction of environmental impacts. The increasing interest of customers in these products has stimulated development in the segments of construction, white line and automotive.

With a qualified technical staff and the use of Application Engineering technologies to support customers, CSN seeks excellence in testing and simulation of new materials, allowing to increase assertiveness in responses to the demands of the different sectors in which it operates: automotive, white line, metal packaging and industry and distribution. In all of them, we promote the use of innovative steels and innovation in manufacturing processes, providing customers with cost reduction and increased competitiveness.

 

 

7- PEOPLE

 

The CSN Group's People Management model is based on five pillars: Attract; Align and Engage; Evaluate; Develop; Recognize and Reward. The company believes that its competitive differential is its human capital, even more in a year fraught with uncertainties and challenges, such as 2020. Through this model knowledge is transformed into a successful trajectory, based on passion, dedication and competence that generate opportunities, achievements and recognitions.

Faced with the new reality established by coronavirus and based on ethical standards of professional conduct, CSN followed all recommendations for prevention and containment of the virus disclosed by the competent health agencies. In this sense, it established a Prompt Response Management Committee (Crisis Committee) with the objective of ensuring the health, safety and well-being of employees.

 

Because of this world scenario, several measures have been taken in relation to training practices. The Group reinvented itself and many actions were restructured so that the development of employees would take place with total security.

To maintain a high performance and qualified team, the CSN Group was able to recycle its employees in mandatory training, respecting all safety protocols: social distancing, smaller workload, open and ventilated locations, use of masks and frequent hygiene and many were performed by online training.

 

In October, for example, online, October Rose took place covering all employees of the CSN group in partnership with the NGO Amor em Mechas. In the year, more than 229,000 hours were invested in training, which demonstrates the concern of the CSN Group in the development of its employees.

 

The company understands that the impacts of the pandemic directly affect the experience of the employee and, therefore, the Area of People & Management has played an important role in supporting leadership in conducting various adaptations and changes.

 

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As part of this process, on December 1, 2020 was started the new People Cycle, which is not a program of the Board of People & Management but of the CSN Group, where all employees had the opportunity to receive and give feedback regarding their current moment and their career expectation.

The Cycle consists of the following stages: evaluation - calibration /committee of people - feedback - career & succession - preparation of the PDI - Development.

The role of the leader in this process is fundamental. The leaders are responsible for the development of the team in order to make them better professionals than themselves, thus ensuring the growth of people and the perennity of CSN, through the career & succession program.

The Competency Assessment was reformulated, and the 360° model was implemented; 180° and 90°, as below:

▪ 360° rating

Executive Directors; Directors; General Managers and Managers: Perform self-assessment; and receive evaluation from the immediate manager; pairs; team; customers | internal suppliers

▪ 180° rating

Coordinators and Supervisors: Perform self-assessment and receive evaluation from the immediate manager and team

▪ 90° rating

Specialists; Higher Level; Administrative and Operational Level: Perform self-assessment and receive evaluation from the immediate manager

To support not only the evaluation, but all its challenges as a leader, the company defined what it is to be a leader in the CSN group: "Act as a business owner, performing its best with resilience and creativity in solutions. It is to act with an ethical and transparent posture, directing, developing and engaging your team in the search for the best results to ensure the perpetuity of the business." And to reinforce this challenge, the group's president, Benjamin Steinbruch, held the opening of the 2020 School of Leaders.

As the Evaluation process ends in March 2021, there are still no indicators with final data, but all employees will have the opportunity to evaluate themselves, generating the leading role in each one.

After the evaluation, the Nine Box matrix will be used, in which the performance results (performance and competence) of each employee will be plotted. The results will support the Career and Succession committees, which evaluate the company's potential managers.

In its practices of attracting and valuing employees, the CSN group ensures non-discrimination, making it clear that the organization is intolerant of any practice contrary to its ethical values.

It is included in its Recruitment & Selection policy the following points:

▪ The organization maintains a professional and responsible relationship with its employees and does not admit that career decisions are based on personal relationships;

▪ The organization does not tolerate any attitude guided by prejudices related to origin, religion, race, gender, sexual orientation, social class, age, marital status, political-party position and disability of any kind, for the purpose of sponsorship and donation to social, welfare and cultural projects. Likewise, for hiring and taking advantage of their professionals, provided they meet the technical requirements and the profile required for the position;

▪ The organization does not admit illegal practices such as child labor and therefore maintains a work environment that respects the dignity of all employees, that provides good professional performance and is free from any kind of discrimination and sexual or moral harassment. The organization will not employ child or slave labor, nor will it agree to such practices by third parties who provide us with products or provide any kind of service;

▪ To meet the organization's need for human resources, internal recruitment and admission of People with Disabilities are prioritized, provided they meet the prerequisites of the vacancy in question;

 

And to detail the various actions implemented by the CSN Group in the areas of environment, social and governance, in December the CSN DAY event took place, with the theme "Business prospects 2021 and ESG commitment". The event was held by the investor relations area of the company and aimed to bring CSN executives closer to the general public, reinforcing the search for transparency and once again showing confidence with future prospects in the face of a challenging year.

 

The CSN Group ended 2020 with 23,196 direct and 11,857 indirect employees, indicating a turnover rate of 1.2%, one of the lowest in the industrial sector.

 

8 - PERFORMANCE IN ESG ASPECTS (environmental, social and governance)

 

Important initiatives marked the year 2020 in the development of ESG themes in the CSN Group. In October, we became signatories to the United Nations Global Compact, joining the organization's Climate Action Platform. In December, we published our Integrated Report of the biennium 2018/2019 – GRI Standards and launched our ESG website (esg.csn.com.br) through the realization of our First Week ESG, an online event that brought the concept and management Of CSN to internal and external audiences, in addition to the participation of experts in the three pillars. Also, we remained on the FTSE4Good Index, which brings together companies with a positive reputation in corporate responsibility from around the world.

 

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In December, we released our Integrated Policy of Sustainability, Environment, Health and Safety at Work, rescuing the acronym "SEMPRE", already very present in the CSN management. In addition to the proposed integration, the new Policy formalizes the CSN Group's commitment to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), a United Nations initiative, and reinforces the importance of safe, ethical, transparent, inclusive, environmental protection and biodiversity behavior, seeking to promote these principles throughout its value chain.

 

Since 2010, the Company has been conducting the inventory of greenhouse gas emissions, following the guidelines of the GHG Protocol aimed at supporting its carbon management, risk mitigation and adaptation to climate change. The company received, for the sixth consecutive year, the GHG Protocol Gold seal for having reported the emissions of all its units and submitted to external verification. Also responding to the request of investors, the Company reports annually to the Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP) the guidelines followed in relation to climate change, supply chain and water security. In 2020, we had a score improvement in Climate Change from D to C.

 

Finally, we have established ESG ambitions that will guide our journey towards more efficient, integrated and sustainable management.

 

1.   Gender Equality: double, by 2025, the percentage of women in the workforce of the CSN Group, The Presidente Vargas Plant and CSN Mineração, based on the 2019 figures;

2.   GHG emissions: reduce by 10% the intensity of GHG emissions (tCO2e/ production ton) from scopes 1 and 2 by 2030 at CSN Mineração, Presidente Vargas Plant and CSN Cimentos;

3.   Particulate matter: reduce by 40%, by 2030, the emissions of particulate matter per ton of raw steel produced at the Presidente Vargas Plant;

4.   Energy: achieving 100% renewable energy from CSN Mineração by 2021;

5.   Water: reduce by 10%, at 2030, the capture of water per ton of ore produced at CSN Mineração;

6.   Certifications: certify, by 2021, all cement plants and the PORT TECAR at ISO 14.001:2015;

7.   Occupational Safety: in addition to zero accidents, which is the main objective of the CSN Group, the goal is to reduce by 10% year-on-year the accident frequency rate of the CSN Group;

8.   Governance: continuously increase our Index of Attendance to the best governance practices provided for in CVM Instruction No. 586/2017.

 

A - Environmental dimension

 

Environmental Management

 

CSN maintains several instruments of Socio-environmental Management and Sustainability in order to act in a propositional way and serving the various stakeholders involved in the communities and businesses in which it operates.

We constantly work to transform natural resources into prosperity and sustainable development. Throughout 2020 CSN continued its sustainability initiatives to mitigate and compensate for the impacts of its activities and alised R$ 420.5 million for environmental initiatives, including costing and investments.

 

The Company has an Environmental Management System (EmS), implemented according to the requirements of the international standard ISO 14001: 2015 and certified by an independent international body duly accredited to INMETRO, in most of its units.

 

Through its Integrated Policy, the CSN Group expresses the importance of the circular economy for its environmental management. Thus, we have as principles reduce, reuse, and recycle materials and products and optimize the use of natural resources, supported by the significant participation of renewable energy sources in our energy matrix.

 

Water is one of the main inputs for our production processes, especially for the steel and mining sectors. In 2020, with the entry of new technology for filtration and dry stacking of tailings, we were able to reduce by 32% the water consumption of the Central Ore Processing Plant at CSN Mineração, paving the way to reach the goal set in the 2030 commitments to reduce by 10% our total water consumption per ton of ore produced.

 

UPV is the only steel company in the country to realize the water footprint and is CSN's plant with the highest water consumption. In addition, based on the risk assessment methodologies Water Risk Filter WWF and Aqueduct WRI, we started to analyze, from 2020, the exposure of our business to water risks, from the perspective of both processes and watersheds close to our operations. These same analyses will also be conducted by CSN Mineração throughout 2021.

 

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In total, CSN protects an area approximately 3 times larger than the area occupied by its operations, that is, about 68,000 hectares and for more than 15 years we have conducted programs to monitor fauna and flora in areas impacted by our operations.

 

At the Presidente Vargas Plant, in Volta Redonda, investment in environmental improvements of more than R$ 300 million is planned by 2024. This investment is divided into more than 30 improvement actions, which represent the company's commitment to sustainability, the legal compliance of its activities and the community.

 

We also invested, in partnership with the Municipality of Volta Redonda - RJ, in a project that included the implementation of several environmental actions, with a value above R$ 3 million. The project, called "Volta Redonda Verde Program", defined performance on three work fronts:

·Strengthening of the Refúgio da Vida Silvestre Vale dos Puris, which consisted of the acquisition of Fazenda Santa Tereza for the purpose of land regularization of the conservation unit, preparation of management plan and signaling of the surroundings;
·Investments in the Parque Natural Municipal Fazenda Santa Cecília do Ingá, which strengthened the nursery, allowed the renovation of the Park Visitor Center, the signaling of the surroundings and the implementation of the bike park;
·Urban afforestation program that encompassed the planting and maintenance of more than 8,000 seedlings of native trees of the Atlantic Forest in the city.
·Donation of seedlings to the City of Volta Redonda (RJ): occurred between 2019 and 2020, with a total of 105,403 seedlings.

 

Dam management

 

CSN Mineração is at the world stage in the management of mining tailings having invested about R$ 400 million in technologies that have enabled better management of tailings with dry filtration and stacking, making since the beginning of 2020 our processes 100% independent of the use of the tailings dam.

 

The Company's social and environmental guidelines also include the monitoring of dams, used to contain tailings from the process of processing CSN Mineração's activities. According to the classification of the dam (Ordinance 70.389/2017 of the ANM), all dams are audited by independent companies specialized in the subject, aiming to attest to the stability or not of the dams and identify preventive actions to ensure this stability. The Dam Safety Plan and CSN Mineração's Emergency Action Plan for Mining Dams (PAEBM) are finalized with all necessary volumes consolidated in compliance with the ANM ordinance.

 

On another front, 2020 also marked the end of the process of mischaracterization of our first Tailings Dam, Dam B5. During 2021 we continued to advance the schedule for decharacterization of the other 4 (four) dams of CSN Mineração.

 

In this sense, still in February 2021, we will have completed the mischaracterization of our second dam - the Vigia Auxiliary Dam, leaving only 3 dams that will continue in the process of mischaracterization in the coming years.

 

It is important to highlight that all dams of CSN Mineração are at zero emergency level, according to the National Mining Agency (ANM), and hold a declaration of stability issued by anm.

 

B - Social dimension

 

Job safety

 

Safety is our top priority, and by 2020 we reached the lowest historical level of our frequency rate (CAF+SAF– accidents with or without leave). There were 2.46 accidents/million man-hours, a decrease of about 19% compared to 2019, better rates in the last 7 years and higher percentage of reduction since the beginning of the compilation of data from the units in 2014, establishing a new milestone for the CSN group.

 

We are reaching the results of our constant evolution in accident prevention, always seeking to evaluate the potential of certain situations that may lead to fatal or high-severity accidents. Our strategy is in the task of identifying and preventing the risk of dangerous situations before they can lead to serious and fatal accidents.

 

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The Directorate of Sustainability, Environment, Health and Occupational Safety was created in 2020 with independent scope and goals, but at the same time agreed with operations, always in order to strengthen our risk management structure. The area has outlined a roadmap to improve the culture, standards and security processes at CSN to ensure that risk and safety assessments are at the heart of all decisions made in our company.

 

The main highlights of 2020, compared to 2019, were:

·Cements: with a significant reduction of 44.6% (CAF+SAF) being today a safety benchmark in Brazil, with significantly lower rates when compared to the national average;
·Mining: with a reduction of 29.6% (CAF+SAF), highlighted by TECAR that ended the year with a 45% reduction in the accumulated number of accidents (CAF+SAF) and 66% in the severity rate, the best indicators of the last 7 years;
·Railroads: with a significant reduction of 38% (CAF+SAF);
·Steel: ended the year with a reduction of 26% (CAF and SAF), when compared to the previous year, recording the best numbers in its history.

 

The year 2020 also brought the challenge of performing our first Integrated and Online Sipat Ma: the challenges of bringing together employees amid the restriction measures for COVID-19 have brought the need to innovate and engage the internal public with an online program with four days of expert lectures for the entire audience and more than 6,000 views.

 

COVID-19

 

COVID-19 spread significantly on a global scale from March 2020, when the WHO (World Health Organization) decreed a global pandemic, a state that has the potential to cause significant global operational disruptions, increasing market volatility and affecting global and regional economies.

 

Like the entire planet, the CSN Group was also surprised by this unprecedented crisis but, through the immediate establishment of the Rapid Response Management Committee (Crisis Committee), reacted quickly and diligently based on ethical standards of professional conduct and social responsibility. To this end, it followed all the recommendations of prevention and containment of COVID-19 recommended by the health agencies competent to protect themselves, protect their employees the society around its operations, and in addition to its own operation against the social and economic effects produced by the virus.

 

Among the actions adopted to protect its more than 23,000 employees, strict and technically validated health measures and processes were implemented for the indispensable protection of the health of each of those involved. Among them stand out:

 

·Strengthening the hygiene of environments;
·Availability of alcohol in gel 70%;
·Distribution of more than 1 million fabric masks for all employees;
·Increase, clarification and incentive to social distancing;
·Expansion of the chartered transport fleet by almost 100%, enabling a maximum occupancy of 50% in their buses;
·Strengthening internal publications with covid-19 prevention information;
·Cancellation of face-to-face meetings, in units or outside, as well as participation in internal and external training, using electronic means to carry out work contacts;
·Cancellation of trips;

 

In addition to the adoption of validated medical protocols with:

 

·Body temperature measurement of all employees in access to mines and offices;
·RT-PCR testing of 3,617 employees in 2020, and immediate removal in cases of symptomatic and professional collaborators who had contact with the suspected case, only returning to work after confirmation of negative test;
·Removal of cases tested positive for 14 days, according to the protocol of the Ministry of Health and WHO;
·Removal of employees from risk groups, according to who and ministry of health criteria, with home-office implementation;
·Dissemination of behavioral reinforcement materials in the prevention of COVID-19 through the company's official communication channels (Digital Communications, marketing emails, CSN TV and Security Alerts).

 

These measures helped preserve the health and lives of our employees, ensuring that there was no impact on our operational performance.

 

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Diversity

 

We are preparing the future of CSN that depends on people and the quality of their human capital stock. One of our most relevant tasks is to identify young talent, promoting them to managerial positions and preparing them to be the future leaders of the company.

 

The CSN Group has a zero-tolerance commitment to any type of discrimination practice, expressed in its Code of Ethics. We understand that an inclusive and diverse environment is important to stimulate innovation and ensure the continuity of our business, CSN also believes that an inclusion approach is key to eliminating barriers that prevent the hiring and retention of women, and the consequent improvement of performance due to gender diversity. By 2020, a bold target was set: to double the female workforce at CSN by 2025, from 14% to 28%. During 2020, the advent of COVID-19 brought challenges to CSN's Diversity agenda, which had already been consolidated through face-to-face activities in 2019.

 

Still, we can highlight important results achieved at The Presidente Vargas Plant:

• Capacitate Program, which dedicates intensive actions to the training and hiring of women.

• Black development: conclusion of the SENAI course

• Development of women: conclusion of the SESI course

• Delivery of changing rooms and start of new works

• Promotion of the first women in the positions of operational leader in the hot rolling operation and Mobile Machinery Operator II, internal transport management.

• Dissemination on TV of women and blacks, with reports on participation in the company's programs.

 

Social responsibility

 

The CSN Foundation is responsible for the social actions of the CSN Group. Its purpose is to transform lives and communities through social, cultural and educational development. It carries out direct action projects in culture and education, where it is sponsored by the CSN Group and other partners, through tax incentive laws. It develops businesses, such as the Hotel-escola Bela Vista, Vila Business Hotel in Volta Redonda (RJ), which generate resources entirely destined for the realization of social actions.

 

2020 was the year that the world faced a pandemic and all educational and cultural initiatives had to reinvent themselves in the digital environment, such as the Kid Citizen project, which began to act online and using all the platforms available to reach its student. The CSN Foundation Cultural Center saw change as a way to cross the physical boundaries of Volta Redonda, the city in which it is based, and to make connections with other places, expanding its public reach and activities.

 

Other initiatives such as the CSN Community Space, in Congonhas (MG), and the Truck-Stage of The Citizen Boy had their activities of service to the public suspended, respecting the restrictive measures against COVID-19, decreed by the local government.

 

Still, the CSN Foundation has expanded its expertise in curating projects of partner institutions. In 2020, R$ 52.4 million were invested in 90 initiatives, of which R$50.5 million came from funds raised and R$1.9 from own resources. In the period between 2003 and 2020, the amount invested by CSN exceeds R$ 287 million in the areas of culture, sports, health, children, adolescents and the elderly, through 10 tax incentive laws.

 

Through its indirect performance, the CSN Foundation contemplated 23 cities in 08 Brazilian states in initiatives, such as: Ipiranga Museum; 24th Tiradentes Film Festival; Museum of Tomorrow; People's House; Unibes Cultural; Barretos Cancer Hospital; Angelina Caran Hospital (SC); Albert Einstein Hospital.

 

In its direct practice, the CSN Foundation was present in 19 municipalities, supporting 291 scholarship students and impacting 3,415 young people through its projects and carrying out 441 cultural actions. In total, approximately 300,000 people were reached by the institution's initiatives.

 

Main projects of the CSN Foundation

 

Citizen Boy

 

The Citizen Boy is a sociocultural project that aims to transform society through cultural expression. The current pedagogical cycle already provided to work with activities in digital media, but with the pandemic its performance began to be mandatory online. It was a moment of adaptation, in the Citizen Boy saw the possibility of strengthening bonds and expanding the engagement of family members, educators and students in the activities.

 

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Citizen Boy in numbers:

·2,300 students served in 6 cities
·188 activities carried out in virtual formats such as videos, lives, music workshops, soirees, among others
·252,901 people reached.

 

 

CSN Foundation Cultural Center

 

Space of free and multidisciplinary actions, focused on the formation and dissemination of art, education and culture. Located in Volta Redonda (RJ), it reinvented itself in the digital environment during the pandemic and expanded the possibilities of exchanges and connections with other regions of Brazil, adapting its programming in an Off-axis Agenda. In all, 253 activities were carried out and the actions totaled 47,078 views.

 

Scholarship program

 

In 2020, even adapting to the digital environment, the two schools of the CSN Foundation maintained the curriculum of classroom classes. Thus, the students did not lose content and performed their extracurricular activities, maintaining their routine.

 

In Congonhas (MG), the Center for Technological Education - CET offers Elementary School, High School and Technical Courses in Mining, Electromechanics and Industrial Automation. In 2020, the school totaled 563 students, 219 of them scholarship holders.

 

In Volta Redonda (RJ), the Pandiá Calógeras Technical School – ETPC offers high school classes with Technical Courses in Administration, Electronics, Electromechanics, Informatics, Mechatronics and Chemistry. In 2020, there were 263 students in total, of which 70 were scholarship holders.

 

Of the total of the two schools, 826 students in total, of these 35% benefited from full and partial scholarships.

 

Young Apprentice Program

 

Aimed at the insertion of young people in the labor market, it is present in 9 poles, six in Minas Gerais (Congonhas, Conselheiro Lafaiete, Ouro Branco, Contagem, Belo Horizonte, São Gonçalo do Rio Abaixo), one in São Paulo capital and two poles in the state of Rio de Janeiro (Volta Redonda and Duque de Caxias). Even before the end of the contract, 53 young people were effective and another 1,083 young people were treated in 132 partner companies.

 

Empowering Hospitality and Services

 

Social project that offers training for young people from the South of Rio de Janeiro in partnership with cras (Reference and Social Assistance Center) of the city halls and DEGASE (General Department of Socio-Educational Actions) for young people between 16 and 29 years old. Over the course of 6 months, students participate in theoretical and practical classes in various areas of the hotel. There are 1,374 young people trained since the beginning of the project and in 2020, 32 students completed the course.

 

Environmental Education Program - PEA

 

Socio-environmental intervention that includes lectures, events, cultural activities and workshops for the internal public of CSN Mineração and in schools and communities of six municipalities of Minas Gerais: Arcos, Belo Vale, Congonhas, Ouro Preto, Pains and Rio Acima. This year, it restricted its activities of attendance of the internal public of CSN, with 4,881 employees assisted.

 

 

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Winning the World

 

The Win the World program offers undergraduate scholarships abroad for young women. Julia Shimizu and Jessica Oliveira are the full scholarship holders of the program and attend the graduation at Barnard College.

 

CSN Community Space

 

Espaço Comunidade CSN is present in Congonhas (MG), has the purpose of developing CSN Mineração's relationship with the community, creating links, establishing a direct dialogue channel with the population, identifying possible opportunities, welcoming residents and solving doubts and clarifications about mining, new ventures and projections of CSN. Before the spread of the pandemic in Brazil, between January and March 2020, Espaço Comunidade CSN performed 103 visits.

 

Vr Gastronomic Pole

 

In its form of operation, the CSN Foundation understands the importance of political articulation, so it promoted the creation of the VR Gastronomic Pole, with the aim of strengthening the economy of Volta Redonda (RJ) through gastronomy and tourism. With the pandemic, the VR Gastronomic Center remained active, conducted online training for delivery and take-out bars and restaurants and new hygiene and service protocols. Participated in the Festival Fora do Eixo virtual, in partnership with the Cultural Center, with cultural lives and related to gastronomic issues. It also advanced in organizational matters for the legal formalization of the institution.

 

C - Governance dimension

 

The CSN Group constantly seeks to develop mechanisms to improve the governance of ESG aspects. In 2020, it established a Department of Sustainability, Environment, Health and Safety at Work, with immediate reporting to the Company's CEO and corporate structure, which ensures robustness and extends the scope of the Board of Directors to the various levels and companies of the CSN Group. This Board of Directors has synergistic operations with the CSN Foundation and with the financial and legal-corporate areas of the CSN Group.

 

In addition, at the end of 2020, the CSN Group undertook the establishment of an ESG Committee, an advisory structure of the CSN Board of Directors. The formalization of this structure will be completed in February 2021.

 

 

9 - STATEMENTS ON PROJECTIONS AND FUTURE PROSPECTS

 

This document contains statements about the future that express or suggest expectations of results, performance, or events. Actual results, performance and events may differ significantly from those expressed or suggested by statements about the future due to several factors, such as: general and economic conditions of Brazil and other countries, interest and exchange rates, future renegotiations and early payment of bonds or credits in foreign currency, protectionist measures in Brazil, USA and other countries, changes in laws and regulations and competitive factors in general , on a regional, national or global scale.

 

CSN's financial information presented here in accordance with international financial reporting standards (IFRS) issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) and accounting practices adopted in Brazil. Non-financial information, as well as other operational information, was not audited by the independent auditors.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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São Paulo, February 22, 2021

 

Results for 2020 and the Fourth Quarter

 

Companhia Siderúrgica Nacional (“CSN”) (B3 S.A. – Brasil, Bolsa e Balcão: CSNA3) (NYSE: SID) announces its results for the fourth quarter of 2020 (4Q20) in Brazilian Reais, in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB), which are fully convergent with international accounting standards and with Brazilian accounting practices, fully converging with international accounting standards, issued by the Accounting Pronouncements Committee (CPC) and referenced by the Brazilian Securities and Exchange Commission (CVM), according to CVM Instruction 485 of September 1, 2010.

 

All comments presented herein refer to the Company’s consolidated results for the fourth quarter of 2020 (4Q20) and FY 2020 and comparisons refer to the third quarter of 2020 (3Q20) and fourth quarter of 2019 (4Q19). The Brazilian Real/U.S. Dollar exchange rate was R$5.1967 on December 31, 2020, R$5.6407 on September 30, 2020 and R$4.0307 on December 31, 2019.

 

 

Operating and Financial Highlights in 2020 and 4Q20

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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CSN’s Consolidated Table

 

¹ Adjusted EBITDA is calculated based on net profit (loss), plus depreciation and amortization, income tax, net financial result, share of profit (loss) of investees and other operating income/expenses, and includes the proportional share of EBITDA of jointly owned subsidiaries MRS Logística and CBSI. Adjusted EBITDA includes 100% stake in CSN Mineração, 37.27% stake in MRSI.

² Adjusted Net Debt and Adjusted Cash and Cash Equivalents include the stakes of 100% in CSN Mineração, 37.27% in MRS, excluding Forfaiting and Drawee Risk operations.

 

CSN’s Consolidated Result

 

·Net Revenue in 2020 and 4Q20 totaled R$30,064 million and R$9,794 million, up by 18% and 12% over 2019 and 4Q19, respectively, mainly due to the excellent performance in steel and mining, led by a higher gross margin in 4Q20.

 

·In 2020, the cost of products sold totaled R$19,125 million, 11% higher than in 2019, generally influenced by the increase in raw material prices. In 4Q20, the cost of products sold totaled R$5,596 million, 9% higher than in the previous quarter for the same reasons, as well as due to the accelerated depreciation by technical and functional obsolescence of CSN Mineração dams.

 

·In 2020, Gross Income totaled R$10,939 million, up by 34% over 2019. In 4Q20, Gross Income totaled R$4,198 million, up by 17% over 3Q20. Gross margin rose by 1.8 p.p. over 3Q20, to 42.9% in 4Q20, due to better prices negotiated in the sales of steel and iron ores.

 

·In 2020, sales, general and administrative expenses totaled R$2,509 million, 12% lower than in 2019, as a result of the coordinated effort to contain spending in the context of the pandemic. Sales expenses fell by 14.4% in the year, while general and administrative expenses fell by 1.3% on the same comparative basis.

 

·In 2020, Other Operating Revenues and Expenses reached a negative R$2,788MM, mainly due to the performance of the cash flow hedge results.

 

·In 2020, the Financial Result reached a negative R$796 million in 2020, with the cost of debt partially offset by the appreciation of Usiminas’ shares
 

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·In 2020, the Equity Pickup was positive by R$72 million in 2020, compared to the positive R$126 million in 2019, due to the lower result of MRS and TLSA. In 4Q20, Equity Pickup totaled R$63MM due to the strong recovery of MRS.

 

 

In 2020, the Company’s Net Income reached R$4,293 million, compared to the Net Income of R$2,245 million in 2019, due to the improved operating result, as well as the reversal of provisions for the write-off of deferred income tax and the appreciation of USIMINAS’ shares.

 

 

Adjusted EBITDA

 

 

*The Company discloses adjusted EBITDA excluding interests in investments and other operating income (expenses) understanding that these items should not be considered when calculating the recurring operating cash flow.

 

·  Adjusted EBITDA reached R$4,738 million in 4Q20, versus R$3,506 million in the third quarter, due to a better steel result and the continuity of good performance in mining. Adjusted EBITDA margin reached 47%, or 8,0p.p. higher on the same comparison basis.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Adjusted EBITDA (R$ Million) and Adjusted Margin¹ (%)

 

 

 

 

 

¹ Adjusted EBITDA margin is calculated as the ratio between Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Net Revenue, which considers stakes of 100% in CSN Mineração and 37.27% in MRS and 50% in CBSI (50% 3Q19, 100% 3Q20).

 

Adjusted Free Cash Flow¹

 

Free Cash Flow in 4Q20 reached R$3,750MM, positively affected by the recovery in working capital and strong cash generation. In 2020, FCF totaled R$8,446MM, up by 395%, due to an excellent operating performance, led by the strong demand for ore in mining and the price performance in steel, cement and, particularly, mining.

 

 


 

¹The concept of free cash flow is calculated from adjusted Ebitda, subtracting Ebitda from Joint Ly subsidiaries, CAPEX, IR, Financial Results and changes in Net Working Capital¹, excluding the effect of the Glencore advance.

²The Adjusted Working Capital² for the quarter is composed of the change in Net Working Capital, plus the change in accounts of long-term assets and liabilities and disregarding the net variation of IR and CS, provision for consumption, dividends payable/receivable, CAPEX not cash, Correction Credit Light, AFAC TLSA not cash) and IRRF JCP).

 

 

 

 

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Indebtedness

 

On December 31, 2020, consolidated net debt reached R$25,619 million, with the exchange rate variation offset by the strong cash generation in the period, leading to a strong drop in the leverage indicator measured by the Net Debt/EBITDA ratio, which reached 2.23x, the lowest level since Dec/2011.

 

 

In 4Q20, the Company issued debt securities in the capital market, through the reopening of Bonds maturing in 2028 in the amount of US$310MM, in addition to debt amortizations totaling R$1,129MM. Additionally, the liquidity reinforcement will assist the Company in completing its negotiations for re-profiling of the maturities of its debts expected to occur in the next 3 years.

 

Amortization Schedule (R$ Billion)

 

 

 

 

¹Net Debt / EBITDA: For debt calculation purposes consider the final dollar for each period and for net debt and EBITDA the average dollar for the period.

 

 

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Foreign Exchange Exposure

 

Net exchange exposure of the consolidated balance sheet up to 4Q20 was US$49 million, as shown in the table below, in line with the company's policy of minimizing the impacts of exchange rate volatility on results.

 

Hedge Accounting adopted by CSN correlates projected export in dollar with scheduled debt payments in the same currency. Therefore, the exchange rate variation of the dollar-denominated debt is temporarily accounted for under shareholders’ equity and recorded in the income statement when dollar revenues from exports are received.

 

 

Investments

 

Investments reached R$519 million in 4Q20, due to the acceleration of several sustaining projects in steel. In mining, investments refer to the renewal of mine equipment and waste filtering plants to process 100% of the production without the need to use dams.

 

Investments (R$ Million)

 

 

 

 

 

Net Working Capital

 

Net Working Capital invested in the business totaled R$3,013 million in 4Q20, down by R$304 million due to the decrease in inventories of finished goods due to the more robust demand in the period. The drop was also possible due to the extension of suppliers in the COVID-19 context.

 

 

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Net Working Capital applied to the business disregards Glencore’s advance, as shown in the table below:

 

 

 

 

 

¹Other Assets NWC: Considers: Advances Employees and Other Accounts Receivable

²Other Liabilities NWC: Considers: Other accounts payable, dividends payable, installment taxes and other provisions

³inventory: Does not consider the effect of the provision for losses on inventories. To calculate the PME, the balances of warehouse inventories are not considered.

 

 

 

 

 

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Results by Business Segment

 

 

 

Net Revenue by Segment - 4Q20 (R$ million)

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITDA by Segment - 4Q20 (R$ million)

 

 

 

 

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4Q20 Results (R$ million)SteelMiningPort LogisticsRailway LogisticsEnergyCementCorporate Expenses/
Eliminations
Consolidated
         
Net Revenue5,0514,4884940853281(537)9,794
Domestic Market3,787494,294940853280(907)4,165
Foreign Market1,2643,994---13705,629
COGS(3,802)(2,051)(49)(290)(32)(172)800(5,596)
Gross Profit1,2492,4370117211102634,198
SG&A(250)(45,72)6(33)(8)(24)(387)(741)
Depreciation2388098104443(89)1,118
Proportional EBITDA of Jointly Owned Subsidiaries- ----162162
Adjusted EBITDA1,2383,2001418918129(51)4,738
         
3Q20 Results (R$ Million)SteelMiningPort LogisticsRailway LogisticsEnergyCementCorporate Expenses/
Eliminations
Consolidated
         
Net Revenue4,5703,8615841840259(491)8,715
Domestic Market3,299429,355841840259(878)3,625
Foreign Market1,2713,432----3875,089
COGS(4,022)(1,291)(38)(273)(34)(170)694(5,133)
Gross Profit5482,570201446892033,581
SG&A(231)(44)(9)(29)(8)(21)(390)(731)
Depreciation2341678104432(88)461
Proportional EBITDA of Jointly Owned Subsidiaries- ----195195
Adjusted EBITDA5512,694192193100(80)3,506
         
4Q19 Results (R$ million)SteelMiningPort LogisticsRailway LogisticsEnergyCementCorporate Expenses/
Eliminations
Consolidated
         
Net Revenue3,3492,52255292103144576,524
Domestic Market2,52924255292103144(606)2,761
Foreign Market8202,280----6633,763
COGS(3,171)(1,323)(39)(260)(84)(141)590(4,429)
Gross Profit1781,19916322036462,095
SG&A(230)(43)(9)(32)(7)(24)(696)(1,041)
Depreciation2281347100443(85)432
Proportional EBITDA of Jointly Owned Subsidiaries- ----9494
Adjusted EBITDA1771,290151001722(41)1,580

 

2020 Results (R$ million)SteelMiningPort LogisticsRailway LogisticsEnergyCementCorporate Expenses/
Eliminations
Consolidated
         
Net Revenue16,60312,6832561,490173858(1,999)30,064
Domestic Market11,7211,5332561,490173857(3,144)12,886
Foreign Market4,88211,151---11,14517,178
COGS(14,171)(5,532)(188)(1,094)(128)(647)2,635(19,125)
Gross Profit2,4327,151693964521163610,939
SG&A(923)(180)(22)(115)(30)(88)(1,151)(2,509)
Depreciation9011,2623243818148(378)2,421
Proportional EBITDA of Jointly Owned Subsidiaries------649649
Adjusted EBITDA2,4118,2347871932271(244)11,500

 

2019 Results (R$ million)SteelMiningPort LogisticsRailway LogisticsEnergyCementCorporate Expenses/
Eliminations
Consolidated
         
Net Revenue13,94910,0282401,321325571(998)25,436
Domestic Market10,0289272401,321325571(2,462)10,951
Foreign Market3,9219,101----1,46414,486
COGS(12,963)(4,396)(173)(1,030)(267)(608)2,174(17,263)
Gross Profit9865,6316729159(37)1,1768,173
SG&A(835)(186)(35)(110)(29)(91)(1,568)(2,854)
Depreciation7004763138817140(330)1,422
Proportional EBITDA of Jointly Owned Subsidiaries------510510
Adjusted EBITDA8515,922635694711(212)7,251

 

 

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CSN’s Steel Results

 

According to the World Steel Association (WSA), global crude steel production totaled 1.827MMton in 2020, or 0.97% lower than in 2019, with Asia producing alone 1.43MMton, a growth of 6.71%, while in the European Union and North America, there was a drop of 12.4% and 13.7%, respectively. Thus, Asia accounted for 78.56% of the world's crude steel production, while the European Union and North America accounted for 8.66% of world production in 2020.

 

In 4Q20, CSN’s slab production totaled 898,000 tons, up by 15% over 3Q20, after the production was normalized with the resumption of AF# 2 in mid-November 2020, generating higher product availability without the need to acquire third-party cards.

 

In 2020, total sales reached 4,651,000 tons, up by 3% over 2019, mainly due to higher sales in the domestic market despite global crisis resulting from COVID. In 4Q20, total sales reached 1,229,000 tons of steel products, up by 10% over 4Q19, mainly due to the recovery of the domestic market resulting from the federal government’s stimulus.

 

Slab Production (thousand tons)

  

 

 

Sales Volume (Kton) – Steel

 

In 4Q20, the volume of steel sold in the domestic market totaled 891,000 tons, up by 9% over 4Q19. Of this total, 833,000 tons refer to flat rolled steel and 57,000 tons to long rolled steel. In 2020, 3,203,000 tons of steel were sold on the domestic market, up by 2% over 2019. As for total sales, flat steel reached 2,979,000 tons and long steel reached 225,000 tons. 

 

In the foreign market, 4Q20 sales totaled 339,000 tons, up by 14% YoY, due to the improved sales pace for flat shares in Europe. During this period, 38,000 tons were exported directly and 301,000 tons were sold by subsidiaries abroad, with 32,000 tons sold by LLC, 182,000 tons by SWT and 87,000 tons by Lusosider.

 

 

 

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·In 4Q20, as for the total sales volume, the share of products coated with flat steel fell by 4% over 3Q20, totaling 48%. Sales volumes for the automotive (+30%), white goods (11%) and packaging (+8%) segments were the period’s positive highlights.

 

According to ANFAVEA (National Association of Automotive Vehicle Manufacturers), the production of cars, light commercial vehicles, trucks, and buses reached 2 million units in 2020, down by 30.6% YoY. Exports also underperformed, selling a total of 324,000 vehicles, down by 24.3% YoY. Anfavea’s estimates a 25% recovery in vehicle production and a 9% increase in exports.

According to data from the Brazilian Steel Institute (IABr), apparent consumption reached 21.2 million tons in the country, up by 3% over 2019. Brazilian crude steel production reached 30.9 million tons, down by 4.9% YoY.

According to IBGE, the production of household appliances grew by 4% for the YTD up to December 2020 YoY.

 

 

·Steel's Net Revenue reached R$16,603 and R$5,051 million in 2020 and 4Q20, up by 19% and 11% over 2019 and 3Q20. The domestic recovery, the devalued exchange rate and the improvement in prices led to strong implementation adjustments in the main product lines over the second quarter. The 4Q20 average price evolved in both markets (+18.8% in DM) QoQ.

 

·Slab Production Cost in 4Q20 reached R$2,397/t, up by 13% QoQ, due to increases in raw materials, mainly as a result of the rise in iron ore and external coke.

 

 

Slab Cost with deprec. (R$/t)

4Q20 Production Costs

 

·Adjusted EBITDA reached R$1,238 million in 4Q20, up by 125% over 3Q20, bringing the EBITDA margin to 24.5%, up by 12.5 p.p. in the period, with a significant evolution in profitability, from R$431/ton in 3Q20 to R$1.007/ton in 4Q20. Adjusted EBITDA reached R$2,411 million in 2020, up by 183% over 2019, mainly due to a careful cost management and price implementation.

 

CSN’s Mining Results

 

In 4Q20, stimuli in China since the pandemic started led to a strong recovery in steel margins and boosted the demand for iron ore, leading to higher reference prices, even more considering the limited supply in overseas market. Ore inventories at ports and mills remain at low levels and ensure a high price performance. In this context, iron ore closed 4Q20 with an average of US$133.7/dmt (Platts, Fe62%, N. China), up by 13% over 3Q20 (US$118.2/dmt). On an annual basis, the average price in 2020 (US$108.9/dmt) was 17% higher than in 2019 (US$93.4/dmt).

 

 

 

 

Inventory of Iron Ore in Ports
(thousand tons)

Inventory of Iron Ore in Mills
(average in days)

  

 

 

 

 

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Regarding sea freight, Route BCI-C3 (Tubarão-Qingdao) reached an average of US$15.63/wmt in 4Q20, down by 12.5% QoQ, due to seasonality. On an annual basis, freight averaged US$14.82/wmt in 2020 compared to US$18.60/wmt in 2019.

 

·In 4Q20, CSN’s iron ore production totaled 7.8 million tons, 18% lower than the previous quarter, in result of rain seasonality, and punctual difficulties brought by new operational protocols in the context of COVID-19. In 2020, production reached 30.7 million tons or 20% below 2019 due to climatic factors in the first quarter of 2020 and delays in mine fronts, already normalized.

 

·In 4Q20, sales volume reached 8.6 million tons, down by 6% lower QoQ due to the lower ore availability. In 2020, sales volume fell by 19% over 2019 due to lower production resulting from heavy rains in the year.

 

 

Total Production - Mining
(thousand tons)

Sales Volume – Mining
(thousand tons)

  

 

 

 

 

·In 4Q20, Mining Net Revenue totaled R$4,488 million, up by 16% QoQ, due to the strong performance price, with Platts 13% higher in the same comparison basis. Net Unit Revenue reached US$96.28 per wet ton, up by 23% compared to the previous quarter, due to the variation of the Platts index, fluctuations in transoceanic freight, adjustments for quality and humidity, along with the influence of the quota sales, during the period. In 2020, Mining Net Revenue grew 26%, totaling R$12,683 million, mainly due to the currency devaluation added to Platts’ higher price (+17%) over 2019.

 

·The cost of products sold from mining totaled R$2,051 million in 4Q20. The FOB Cash Cost of the ore itself was USD16.5/t in 4Q20, an increase of 8% compared to 3Q20 mainly due to the higher cost per ton of MRS and port.

 

·EBITDA reached R$8,234 million and R$3,200 million in 2020 and 4Q20, with a record EBITDA margin at 65% and 71% for the year and the quarter, respectively, due to the appreciation of Platts.

 

Cement Results

In 2020, cement sales in the domestic market totaled 60.5 million tons, according to preliminary industry data, released by the National Union of the Cement Industry (SNIC). This represents an 11% increase in production YoY and an 11% increase in total sales.

In 4Q20, Net Revenue reached R$281 million, up by 8.8% QoQ, despite the lower sales volume (-4.7%). However, the higher price contributed to an EBITDA of R$129 million, up by 488% YoY and up by 29% QoQ, with an EBITDA margin of 45.9%. 

 

CSN’s Logistics Results

Railway Logistics: In 4Q20, Net Revenue reached R$408 million, with an EBITDA of R$189 million and an EBITDA margin of 46.4%. In 2020, Net Revenue reached R$1,490 million, generating an EBITDA of R$719 million and an EBITDA margin of 48.2%. 

Port Logistics: In 4Q20, 72,000 tons of steel products were shipped by Sepetiba Tecon, with a significantly higher volume of Bulks, at 355,000 tons, in addition to 28,000 tons of general cargo, around 40,000 containers. The lower volume of vehicles, at zero units, was expected and had no significant impact on the company's operations. Net Revenue reached R$49 million, generating an EBITDA of R$14 million, with an EBITDA Margin of 28.1%. In the annual result, 542,000 tons of steel products were shipped in 2019, 37,000 tons of general cargo, 154 containers, 1,435,000 tons of bulk and 0 vehicles. Net Revenue reached R$256 million, generating an EBITDA of R$78 million, with an EBITDA Margin of 30.6%. 

 

(CONVENIENCE TRANSLATION INTO ENGLISH FROM THE ORIGINAL PREVIOUSLY ISSUED IN PORTUGUESE)

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Energy Results

 

In 4Q20, the volume of energy traded generated aNet Revenue of R$53 million, with an EBITDA of R$18 million and an EBITDA margin of 34.1%. In 2020, Net Revenue totaled R$173 million, with an EBITDA of R$32 million and an EBITDA margin of 18.5%.

 

ESG – Environmental, Social & Governance

 

Important initiatives were taken in 2020 to develop ESG matters in the CSN Group. In October, we became signatories to the United Nations Global Compact, joining the organization's Action Platform on Climate. In December, we published our Integrated Report for 2018/2019 - GRI Standards and launched our ESG website (exa.csn.com.br) through our First ESG Week, an online event that took CSN’s ESG concept and management to internal and external audiences, besides the presence of specialists in the three pillars. In addition, we continued with the FTSE4Good Index, bringing together companies with a positive reputation in corporate responsibility from around the world.

 

In December, we also approved with the CEO and released our Integrated Policy on Sustainability, Environment, Health, and Safety at Work, rescuing the acronym “SEMPRE”, already very present in CSN’s management. Besides the proposed integration, the new Policy formalizes CSN Group's commitment to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), a United Nations initiative, and reinforces the importance of safe, ethical, transparent, inclusive behavior, protecting the environment and biodiversity, seeking to promote these principles throughout CSN Group’s value chain.

 

Since 2010, the Company has been preparing an inventory of greenhouse gas emissions, following the guidelines of the GHG Protocol to support its carbon management, risk mitigation and adaptation to climate change. The company received, for the sixth consecutive year, the Gold seal from the GHG Protocol for reporting the emissions of all its units and submitting them to external verification. In addition, at the request of investors, the Company annually reports to the Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP) the guidelines followed for climate change, supply chain and water security. In 2020, our score improved in Climate Change, from D to C.

 

ENVIRONMENT SCOPE

 

ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT

 

CSN has many Social, Environmental and Sustainability Management instruments to act in a propositional manner and meet the needs of the many stakeholders involved in communities and businesses in which CSN operates.

We are always working to transform natural resources into prosperity and sustainable development.

 

The Company has an Environmental Management System (EMS) implemented according to the requirements of the international standard ISO 14001: 2015, certified by an independent international body and duly accredited by INMETRO, in all its main units.

 

Water is one of the main inputs for our production processes, especially in steel and mining. In 2020, with the introduction of new technology for filtering and dry stacking tailings, we were able to reduce the water consumption of the Central Mineral Processing Plant at CSN Mineração by 32%, paving the way to achieve the goal set in the 2030 commitments to reduce our total water consumption by 10% per ton of ore produced. UPV is the only steelmaker in the country to develop the water footprint and is the CSN plant with the highest water consumption. In total, CSN protects and helps protect an area nearly three times larger than the area occupied by its operations, that is, nearly 68,000 hectares.

 

DAM MANAGEMENT

 

The company is at the global forefront when it comes to managing mining waste, having invested around R$400 million in technologies that allowed CSN to better manage waste with filtering and dry stacking, making our processes completely free of tailings dam since the start of 2020. All dams are audited by independent companies specialized in the subject, certifying the stability or not of the dams and identifying preventive actions to ensure this stability. As a result, all CSN Mineração’s dams are at zero in the emergency level, according to the Brazilian Mining Agency (ANM), and hold a stability statement issued by ANM.

 

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On another front, in 2020 we also concluded the de-characterization process of our first Tailings Dam, the B5 Dam. Throughout 2021, we continued to advance the schedule for the de-characterization of the other four (4) dams of CSN Mineração.

 

In this sense, in February 2021, we will also have completed the de-characterization of our second dam - the Vigia Dam, with only 3 dams remaining in the de-characterization process for the coming years.

 

SOCIAL SCOPE

 

WORK SAFETY

 

Safety is our top priority and in 2020 we reached the lowest historical level of our frequency rate (CAF+SAF- accidents with or without leave of absence). There were 2.46 accidents/million man-hours, down by 19% over 2019, the best number of the last 7 years. Our strategy is to identify and prevent the risk of dangerous situations before they can lead to serious and fatal accidents. In 2020, CSN allocated R$51.1 million to fund and invest in Safety.

 

Below are the main highlights of 2020, compared to 2019:

·Cements: Significant drop of 44.6% (CAF+SAF), currently a benchmark in safety in Brazil, with rates below Brazilian averages
·Mining: Drop of 29.6% (CAF+SAF), highlighting TECAR, which closed the year with a 45% decrease in YTD number of accidents (CAF+SAF) and 66% in the severity rate.
·Railways: Significant drop of 38% (CAF+SAF);
·Steel: Closed the year with a drop of 26% (CAF and SAF) YoY, the best numbers in its history.

 

COVID-19

 

Among the actions taken to protect its more than 23,000 employees, strict and technically-validated health measures and processes were implemented for the critical protection of the health of each of those involved, including:

 

·Reinforcing the cleaning of environments;
·Making hand sanitizers available;
·Distributing more than 1 million fabric masks to all employees;
·Increasing, clarifying and encouraging the social distancing;
·Expanding the chartered transportation fleet by almost 100%, with a maximum occupancy of 50% on buses;
·Reinforcing internal notices with information on how to avoid Covid-19;
·Cancelling in-person meetings, in the units or outside, as well as internal and external training, using electronic means to make work contacts;
·Cancelling trips;

 

Besides adopting medical protocols validated:

 

·Taking the body temperature of all employees when accessing mines and offices;
·Providing RT-PCR test for 3,617 employees in 2020, and immediately putting on leave cases of symptomatic employees and professionals who had contact with a suspected case, only returning to work after a negative test;
·Providing a 14-day leave of absence for cases tested positive, according to the protocol of the Ministry of Health and WHO;
·Providing a leave of absence for employees in risk groups, according to WHO and Ministry of Health criteria, by implementing the remote work system;
·Disclosing behavioral reinforcement materials to prevent COVID-19 through the company's official communication channels (digital notices, marketing emails, TV CSN and Security Alerts).

 

These measures helped preserve the health and lives of our employees and ensured that there was no impact on our operational performance.

 

 

(CONVENIENCE TRANSLATION INTO ENGLISH FROM THE ORIGINAL PREVIOUSLY ISSUED IN PORTUGUESE)

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DIVERSITY

 

We understand that an inclusive and diverse environment is key to stimulate innovation and ensure the continuity of our business, CSN also believes that an inclusion approach is critical to bring down walls that prevent us from the hiring and retaining women, with the due performance improvement due to gender diversity. CSN Group, too, has a zero-tolerance commitment to any type of discrimination, stated in its Code of Ethics. In 2020, a bold goal was set: Doubling the female workforce at CSN by 2025, from 14% to 28%. During 2020, the advent of COVID-19 brought challenges to CSN's Diversity agenda, which had already been consolidated through in-person activities in 2019.

 

We can also highlight key results achieved at the Presidente Vargas Plant:

• Training Program, which dedicates intensive actions to train and hire women.

• Black People’s Development: Conclusion of the SENAI course

• Women's Development: Conclusion of the SESI course

• Changing rooms delivered and new works have started

• Promoting the first women in the positions of operational leader in the hot rolling operation and Operator of Mobile Machines II, of the Internal Transportation Management.

• Playing on TV the testimony of women and black people, with reports on their participation in the company's programs.

 

SOCIAL RESPONSABILITY

 

CSN Foundation is responsible for the social actions of the CSN Group. The purpose is to transform lives and communities through social, cultural, and educational development. Implementing direct action projects in culture and education, where it is sponsored by CSN Group and other partners, through tax incentive laws. Developing businesses, such as the Bela Vista School Hotel, Vila Business Hotel in Volta Redonda (RJ), generating resources intended entirely for social actions.

 

2020 was the year in which the world faced a pandemic and all educational and cultural initiatives had to reinvent themselves in the digital environment, such as the Garoto Cidadão project, which now operates online using all available platforms to reach its student. The Centro Cultural Fundação CSN saw the change as a way to bring down physical walls of Volta Redonda, the city in which it is based, and make connections with other places, expanding its audience and activities.

 

Other initiatives such as Espaço Comunidade CSN, in Congonhas (MG), and the Garoto Cidadão stage truck had their public service activities suspended, respecting the social isolation measures against COVID-19, decreed by the local government.

 

Even so, CSN Foundation expanded its activities in curating projects of partner institutions. In 2020, R$52.4 million was invested in 90 initiatives, with R$50.5 million from funds raised and R$1.9 from own resources. Accumulated between 2003 and 2020, the amount invested by CSN exceeds R$287 million in culture, sports, health, children, adolescents and the elderly, through 10 tax incentive laws.

 

Through its indirect work, CSN Foundation has covered 23 cities in 8 Brazilian states with initiatives such as: Museu do Ipiranga; 24ª Mostra de Cinema de Tiradentes; Museu do Amanhã; Casa do Povo; Unibes Cultural; Hospital do Câncer de Barretos; Hospital Angelina Caran (SC); Hospital Albert Einstein.

 

In its direct work, CSN Foundation went to 19 municipalities, supporting 291 scholarship students and impacting 3,415 young people through its projects and 441 cultural actions. In total, nearly 300,000 people were reached by the institution's initiatives.

 

GOVERNANCE SCOPE

 

CSN Group always seeks to develop mechanisms to improve the governance of ESG matters. In 2020, CSN Group created a Sustainability, Environment, Health and Workplace Safety board, reporting directly to the Company's Chief Executive Officer and with a corporate structure, ensuring robustness and extending the reach of the Executive Board to different levels and companies of CSN Group. This Board has a synergistic operation with CSN Foundation and with CSN Group's financial and legal-corporate areas.

 

In addition, at the end of 2020, CSN Group committed itself to create an ESG Committee, an advisory structure for CSN’s Board of Directors. The formalization of this structure will be concluded in February 2021.

 

 

(CONVENIENCE TRANSLATION INTO ENGLISH FROM THE ORIGINAL PREVIOUSLY ISSUED IN PORTUGUESE)

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Capital Market

 

In 4Q 2020, CSN's shares appreciated by 93.03%, while Ibovespa appreciated by 25.81%. The average daily value (CSNA3) traded at B3, in turn, reached R$321 million. On the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), the Company's American Depositary Receipts (ADRs) appreciated by 106.80% in U.S. dollars, while the Dow Jones rose 10.02%. The daily average trading (SID) with ADRs on NYSE reached US$10.4 million.

 

4Q202020
Number of Shares in Thousands1,387,5241,387,524
Market Cap  
Closing Price (R$/share)31.8531.85
Closing Price (US$/ADR)6.086.08
Market Cap (R$ million)44,19244,192
Market Cap (US$ million)8,5468,546
Total Return including Dividends and ISE  
CSNA3 (BRL)93.03%125.96%
SID (USD)106.80%74.92%
Ibovespa (BRL)25.81%2.92%
Dow Jones (USD)10.02%9.31%
Volume:  
Daily Average (thousand shares)14,33614,160
Daily Average (R$ thousand)320,748199,104
Daily Average (thousand ADRs)2,3632,652
Daily Average (US$ thousand)10,3807,618
Source: Bloomberg  

2020 Earnings Release Webcast Investor Relations Team

Conference Call in Portuguese with Simultaneous Translation into English

February 23rd, 2021

11:00 a.m (Brasilia time)

9:00 a.m (US UST)

Tel.: +55 11 3127-4971/ +55 11 3728-5971

Código: CSN

Tel. Replay: +55 11 3127-4999

Código replay: 74514645

Webcast: click here  

CFO and IRO - Marcelo Cunha Ribeiro

José Henrique Triques (jose.triques@csn.com.br)

Danilo Dias (danilo.dias@csn.com.br)

  

 

Some of the statements herein are future prospects that express or imply expected results, performance or events. These prospects include future results that may be affected by historical results and statements made in ‘Prospects'. The current results, performance and events may differ significantly from assumptions and prospects, and involve risks such as: general and economic conditions in Brazil and other countries; interest and exchange rate levels, protectionist measures in the USA, Brazil and other countries, changes in laws and regulations and general competitive factors (on a global, regional or national basis).

 

 

 

 

 

 

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BALANCE SHEET      
Corporate Law - In Thousands of Reais      
         
    December 31, 2020 September 30, 2020 December 31, 2019
         
  Current Assets     23,386,194     18,541,939     12,725,805
         
  Cash and Cash Equivalents                  9,944,586                  5,724,428                  1,088,955
  Financial Investments                  3,783,362                  2,805,381                  2,633,173
     Trade Receivables                  2,867,352                  2,668,369                  2,047,931
     Inventories                  4,817,586                  5,035,288                  5,282,750
  Recoverable Taxes 1,605,0494 1,953,337 1,282,415
    Other Current Assets                  367,814 355,136 390,581
  Prepaid Expenses 211.027                      164,588                      203,733
  Dividends to Receive                        38,088                        45,153                        44,554
  Derivative Financial Instruments                                                                1,010                          1,364
  Others                      118,699                      144,385                      140,930
         
  Non-Current Assets     39,615,955     38,480,152     38,143,471
         
    Long-Term Receivables                  8,887,158                  7,401,053                  7,626,577
  Financial Investments at Amortized Cost                      123,409                      131,317                        95,719
  Inventory 347,304 144,499 144,499
  Deferred Taxes                  3,874,946                  2,501,398                  2,473,304
  Other Non-Current Assets                  4,541,499                  4,623,839 4,913,055
  Taxes to Recover                      938,452                      893,568                  2,119,940
  Court Deposits                      325,117                      372,526                      328,371
  Prepaid Expenses                      129,455                      130,797                      139,927
  Credits Related Parties                  1,630,070                  1,554,207                  1,274,972
  Others                  1,518,405                  1,672,741                  1,049,845
  Investments                  3,695,780                  3,691,195                  3,584,169
  Shareholdings                  3,535,906                  3,530,479                  3,482,974
  Investment Properties                      159,874                      160,716                      101,195
  Property, Plant & Equipment                19,716,223                20,033,718                19,700,944
  Operating Property, Plant & Equipment                19,199,555                19,534,913                19,228,599
  Right of Use in Lease                      516,668                      498,805                      472,345
  Intangible Assets                  7,316,794                  7,354,186                  7,231,781
         
  TOTAL ASSETS       63,002,149     57,022,091     50,869,276
         
  Current Liabilities 14,725,696     12,861,250     11,619,957
         
  Social and Labor Obligations                      282,630                      404,057                      317,510
  Suppliers                  4,819,539                  4,560,230                  3,012,654
  Tax Obligations                  2,058,362                  1,664,726                      541,027
  Loans and Financing                  4,126,453                  3,598,537                  5,125,843
  Other Liabilities                  3,357,639                  2,553,077                  2,526,444
  Dividends and ISE to Pay                        946,133                        40,977                        13,252
  Advances from Customers                  1,100,772                      962,789                      787,604
  Suppliers - Forfaiting                      623,861                      605,385                  1,121,312
  Lease Liability                        93,626                        84,675                        35,040
  Derivative Financial Instruments                          8,722                      263,283                                      
  Other Liabilities                      584,525                      595,968                      569,236
  Tax, Social Security, Labor and Civil Provisions                        81,073                        80,623                        96,479
         
  Non-Current Liabilities     37,024,948     37,817,990     27,887,387
         
     Loans, Financing and Debentures                31,144,200                32,559,616                22,841,193
  Other Liabilities                  3,145,336                  2,704,234                  2,493,702
  Advances from Customers                  1,725,838                  1,937,420                  1,845,248
  Lease Liability                      436,505                      420,014                      439,350
  Derivative Financial Instruments                        97,535                      125,051                                      
  Other Liabilities                      885,458                      221,749                      209,104
     Deferred Taxes                      618,836                      564,043                      589,539
      Tax, Social Security, Labor and Civil Provisions                      554,315                      529,176                      526,768
      Other Provisions                  1,562,261                  1,460,921                  1,436,185
  Provisions for Environmental Liabilities and Deactivation                      803,835                      548,737                      524,001
  Pension Plan and Health Plan                      758,426                      912,184                      912,184
         
  Shareholders’ Equity 11,251,505       6,342,851     11,361,932
         
     Paid-in Capital                  6,040,000                  4,540,000                  4,540,000
     Capital Reserve                        32,720                        32,720                        32,720
     Profit Reserve                  5,824,350                  4,431,200                  4,431,200
  Accumulated Loss                                          65,113                                      
     Other Comprehensive Results                (1,983,619)                (4,072,306)                  1,170,624
     Non-Controlling Interests                  1,338,054                  1,346,124                  1,187,388
         
  TOTAL LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY     63,002,149     57,022,091     50,869,276

 

 

 

 

 

 

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CASH FLOW    
CONSOLIDATED - Corporate Law - In Thousands of Reais    
       
    4Q20 3Q20
       
  Net Cash Flow from Operating Activities      3,990,870      3,618,761
       
   Net Income/Loss for the Fiscal Year attributable to Controlling Shareholders                  3,729,182                1,080,786
   Net Income/Loss for the Fiscal Year attributable to Non-Controlling Shareholders                    167,650                    180,809
   Charges on Loans and Financing Raised                    459,986                    466,546
   Charges on Loans and Financing Granted                      (5,838)                      (6,351)
   Charges on Lease Liability                      14,422                      13,688
   Depreciation, Depletion, and Amortization                1,145,630                    486,612
   Equity Pickup                    (62,539)                    (25,970)
   Deferred Taxes              (1,349,222)                      37,058
   Tax, Social Security, Labor, Civil and Environmental Provisions                      26,663                    (25,168)
   Cash Restatement and FX Rate                      19,559                    601,370
   Write-off of Property, Plant & Equipment and Intangible Assets                         8,282                         2,387
   Actuarial Liability Provision                    (24,019)  
   Update Shares - VJR              (1,102,754)                  (535,678)
   Receivables due to Indemnity                      (4,429)                      (4,428)
   Provisions Environmental Liabilities and Deactivation                    (14,348)                      10,324
   Provision (Reversal) for Consumption and Services                    (49,204)                    (15,802)
   Other Provisions                      40,364                    (49,625)
       
 Changes in Assets and Liabilities                1,604,071                2,089,056
   Accounts to Receive - Third Parties                  (188,238)                  (693,056)
   Accounts to Receive - Related Parties                      36,021                    (20,182)
   Inventories                    206,807                    990,260
   Credits - Related Parties                      90,306  
   Taxes to Offset                    310,534                    529,739
   Court Deposits                      47,409                      16,121
   Suppliers                    850,334                    437,752
   Suppliers - Forfaiting                      18,476                         4,565
   Payroll and Related Charges                  (120,451)                      (7,628)
   Taxes / Refis                    529,976                    581,802
   Accounts to Pay - Related Parties                      34,233                         2,686
   Advances from Customers - Glencore                  (120,493)                    464,222
   Others                      (90,843)                  (217,225)
       
 Other Payments and Receipts                  (612,586)                  (686,853)
   Interest Paid                  (344,815)                  (655,039)
   Payment of Cash Flow Hedge Transactions                  (267,771)                    (31,814)
       
  Cash Flow from Investing Activities        (515,435)        (523,756)
       
   Investments/AFAC                    (62,511)                    (33,148)
   Acquisition of Property, Plant & Equipment, Investment Property and Intangible Assets                  (565,685)                  (397,590)
   Loans Granted - Related Parties                                -                                   -   
   Loans Received - Related Parties                                -                            2,031
   Financial Investment, Net of Redemption                    112,761                    (95,049)
       
  Cash Flow from Financing Activities          742,882    (1,578,915)
       
   Loans and Financing Raised                2,077,354                    943,860
   Amortization Loans - Principal              (1,128,542)              (2,346,349)
   Funding Cost from Loans                      (3,251)                    (16,751)
   Lease Amortization                    (28,250)                    (24,924)
   Dividends and Interest on Shareholders' Equity Paid                  (174,429)                  (134,751)
       
 FX Rate on Cash and Cash Equivalents               1,841             (5,214)
       
  Increase (Decrease) of Cash and Cash Equivalents      4,220,158      1,510,876
 Cash and Cash Equivalents at the Start of the Period      5,724,428      4,213,552
 Cash and Cash Equivalents at the End of the Period      9,944,586      5,724,428

 

 

(CONVENIENCE TRANSLATION INTO ENGLISH FROM THE ORIGINAL PREVIOUSLY ISSUED IN PORTUGUESE)

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1.DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS

 

Companhia Siderúrgica Nacional “CSN”, also referred to as the “Company”, is a publicly-held company incorporated on April 9, 1941, under the laws of the Federative Republic of Brazil (Companhia Siderúrgica Nacional, its subsidiaries, joint ventures, joint operations and associates are collectively referred to herein as the "Group”). The Company’s registered office is located in São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

 

CSN is listed on the São Paulo Stock Exchange (B3 S.A.- Brasil, Bolsa, Balcão) and on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE).

 

The Group's main operating activities are divided into five (5) segments as follows:

 

·Steel:

 

The Company’s main industrial facility is the Presidente Vargas steelworks (“UPV”), located in the city of Volta Redonda, State of Rio de Janeiro. This segment consolidates all operations related to the production, distribution and sale of flat steel, long steel, metallic containers and galvanized steel. In addition to the facilities in Brazil, CSN has commercial operations in the United States and operations in Portugal and Germany to achieve markets and providing excellent services for final consumers. Its steel is used in home appliances, civil construction and automobile industries.

 

·Mining:

 

The production of iron ore is developed in the cities of Congonhas, Ouro Preto and Belo Vale, State of Minas Gerais – by subsidiary CSN Mineração.

Iron ore is sold basically in the international market, especially in Europe and Asia. The prices charged in these markets are historically cyclical and subject to significant fluctuations over short periods of time, driven by several factors related to global demand, strategies adopted by the major steel producers, and the foreign exchange rate. All these factors are beyond the Company’s control. The ore transportation is carried out through Terminal de Carvão e Minérios do Porto de Itaguai – (“TECAR”), a solid bulk terminal, one of the four terminals that comprise the Port of Itaguai, located in the State of Rio de Janeiro. Imports of coal and coke are also carried out through this terminal by provision of services by CSN Mineração to CSN. The Company´s mining activities also comprises tin exploitation, which is based in the State of Rondônia, to supply the needs of UPV. The excess of raw material is sold to subsidiaries and third parties.

 

As a pioneer in the use of technologies that result in the possibility of stacking the tailings generated in the iron ore production process, the Company has had its iron ore production since January 2020, 100% independent of tailings dams. After significant investments in recent years to raise the level of reliability, mischaracterization and dry stacking, the Company has moved on to a scenario in which 100% of its waste goes through a dry filtration process and is disposed of in geotechnically controlled batteries, areas exclusively destined for stacking. Approximately R$250 million was invested in the two tailings filtration plants that have a combined total filtration capacity of 9 million tons per year.

 

As a consequence of these measures, the decommissioning of the dams is the natural way of processing dry waste.

 

All of our mining dams are positively certified and comply with the environmental legislation in force.

 

·Cements

 

CSN entered the cement production market in 2009, catapulted by the synergy between this activity and CSN's current business. Beside the UPV facilities, in Volta Redonda / RJ, the Company installed a new business unit, which produces CP-III type cement using the slag produced by the UPV’s own blast furnaces. It also explores limestone and dolomite at the Arcos / MG unit, to meet the needs of the UPV and the cement plant. Additionally, in Arcos / MG, the clinker production operation is located. As a result, the Company is self-sufficient in the production of cement, with an installed capacity of 4.7 million tons per year.

 

 

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·Logistics:

 

Railroads:

 

CSN has interests in three railroad companies: MRS Logística S.A., which manages the former Southeast Railway System of Rede Ferroviária Federal S.A (“RFFSA”)., Transnordestina Logística S.A. (“TLSA”) and FTL - Ferrovia Transnordestina Logística S.A. (“FTL”), which the the latter two hold the concession to operate the former Northeast Railway System of RFFSA, in the States of Maranhão, Piauí, Ceará, Rio Grande do Norte, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Alagoas and Sergipe, with TLSA being responsible for the rail links of Eliseu Martins – Trindade, Trindade – Salgueiro, Salgueiro – Porto Suape, Salgueiro – Missão Velha and Missão Velha - Pecém (Railway System II), under construction, and FTL being responsible for the rail links of São Luis - Altos, Altos - Fortaleza, Fortaleza – Souza, Souza - Recife/Jorge Lins, Recife/Jorge Lins – Salgueiro, Jorge Lins – Propriá, Paula Cavalcanti – Cabedelo, Itabaiana - Macau (Railway System I).

 

Ports:

 

The Company operates in the State of Rio de Janeiro, by means of its subsidiary Sepetiba Tecon S.A., operates the Container Terminal (“TECON”) and by means of its subsidiary CSN Mineração, the TECAR, both located at the Itaguaí Port. Established in the harbor of Sepetiba, the mentioned port has a privileged highway, railroad and maritime access.

 

(“TECON”) is responsible for the shipments of CSN´s steel products, movement and storage of containers, vehicles, general cargo, among other products; and TECAR performs the operational activities of loading and unloading of solid bulk ships, storage and distribution (road and rail) of coal, coke, zinc concentrate, sulfur, iron ore and other bulk, intended for the seaborne market, for our own operation and for third parties.

 

·Energy:

 

Since the energy supply is fundamental in CSN´s production process, the Company owns and operates facilities to generate electric power for guaranteeing its self-sufficiency.

 

The note 29 - “Segment Informationdetails the financial information per each of CSN´s business segment.

 

·GOING CONCERN

 

In 2020, the Company repaid approximately R$8.4 billion of its borrowings and financing. In 2021, we expect to repay R$4.2 billion. Financial leverage may adversely affect the Company’s business, financial conditions and operating results, with the following main impacts considered by Management:

 

·   Use of cash generated from operations for the repayment of borrowings and financing;

·   Exposure to (i) interest rate fluctuations, due to the renegotiation of debts and possible new borrowings and financing; and (ii) foreign exchange, since a significant portion of borrowings and financing are U.S. Dollar denominated;

·   Increase in the economic and financial vulnerability in the event of adverse conditions in the industry and segment, due to the limited resources available in the short term, considering the high financial leverage and expected cash disbursements;

·   Limitation of the Company’s ability to conduct new business (acquisitions) until the financial leverage is reduced;

·   Limitation of the Company’s ability to obtain new lines of credit at more favorable interest conditions due to the risks related to the current financial leverage.

 

The Company’s ability to continue operating on a going concern basis, therefore, depends on the achievement of operating targets determined by Management, in addition to refinancing the contracted debts, and / or actions related to financial deleveraging.

 

In addition to the continuous focus on improving operating results, Management continues with initiatives to increase the Company’s liquidity by extending payment terms for loans and financing. See note 13.a - Maturities of loans, financing and debentures presented in current and non-current liabilities.

 

Additionally, Management is studying alternatives to financial deleveraging from the sale of non-strategic assets and other initiatives, such as the recently concluded Initial Public Offering of Shares of the subsidiary CSN Mineração SA, whereby the CSN Group improved its liquidity by R$4,155 million. Other alternatives are also considered, but it is not possible to ensure that they will occur within a period of 12 months. Accordingly, the Company did not segregate and reclassify any assets in the financial statements as discontinued operations in accordance with IFRS 5.

 

 

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Based on Management’s cash flow projections that covered the operational period until February 2022, which depend on factors such as meeting production targets, sales volumes and prices, as well as the renegotiation of loans and financing, Management understands that the Company has adequate resources to continue its operations. Accordingly, the Company’s financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2020 were prepared based on the assumption of going concern.

 

2.SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

2.a)Declaration of conformity

 

The consolidated and parent company financial statements have been prepared and are being presented in accordance with accounting practices adopted in Brazil based on the provisions of the Brazilian Corporate Law, pronouncements, guidelines and interpretations issued (CPC), approved by CVM, besides the own standards issued by the Brazilian Securities and Exchange Commission (“CVM”) and International Financial Reporting Standards (“IFRS”) issued by the International Accounting Standard Board (IASB) and highlight all the relevant information at the financial statements, and only this information, which correspond to those used by the Company's management in its activities

 

2.b)Basis of presentation

 

The financial statements have been prepared using the historical cost as the basis of value, the net realizable value, the fair value or the recovery value, except when otherwise indicated.

 

The preparation of these financial statements requires Management to use certain accounting estimates, judgments and assumptions that affect the application of Accounting Polices and the amounts reported on the balance sheet date of assets, liabilities, income and expenses may differ from actual future results. The assumptions used are based on history and other factors considered relevant and are reviewed by the Company’s management.

 

The accounting policies and critical estimates, when applicable and relevant, are included in the respective explanatory notes and are consistent with the previous year presented, as shown below:

 

·Explanatory note 6 - Recognition of the provision for expected losses (impairment) accounts receivable from customers;

·   Explanatory note 10 e - Recoverability test of investment on Transnordestina Logística SA (“TLSA”);

·   Explanatory note 12 a - Goodwill impairment test;

·   Explanatory note 14 - Derivative financial instruments and hedge accounting (“hedge accounting”);

·   Explanatory note 18 d - Deferred income and social contribution taxes: availability of future taxable income against which deductible temporary differences and tax losses can be used;

·   Explanatory note 20 - Provision for tax, social security, labor, civil, environmental risks and judicial deposits;

·   Explanatory note 21 - Provisions for environmental liabilities and asset retirement obligations;

·   Explanatory note 30 - Employee benefits.

 

The consolidated financial statements were approved by Board of Directors on February 22, 2021.

 

2.c)Functional currency and presentation currency

 

The accounting records included in the financial statements of each of the Company’s subsidiaries are measured using the currency of the principal of the economic environment in which each subsidiary operates (“the functional currency”). The consolidated financial statements are presented in R$ (reais), which is the Company’s functional and reporting currency.

 

Foreign currency transactions are translated into the functional currency using the exchange rates prevailing on the transaction or valuation dates, in which the items are remeasured. The balances of the asset and liability accounts are translated using the exchange rate on the balance sheet date. As of December 31, 2020, US$1,00 is equivalent to R$5.1967 (R$4.0307 on December 31, 2019) and €1,00 is equivalent to R$6.3779 (R$4.5305 on December 31, 2019), according to the rates obtained from Central Bank of Brazil website

 

2.d)Statement of value added

 

Pursuant to Law 11,638/07, the presentation of the statement of value added is required for all publicly-held companies. These statements were prepared in accordance with CPC 09 - Statement of Value Added, approved by CVM Resolution 557/08. The IFRS does not require the presentation of this statement and for IFRS purposes is presented as additional information.

 

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The statement of value added should highlight the wealth generated by the Company and demonstrate its distribution.

 

 

2.e)Explanatory notes for basis of presentation

 

In 2020, the Company improved the presentation of its financial statements to users. As a result, the relevant information for assessing the Company's financial position was changed and, accordingly, accounting practices related to assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses are now presented in the explanatory notes of each relevant item.

 

Additionally, in order to improve the presentation with more qualitative aspects, the Company discloses long-term inventory in note 7 and the current and non-current recoverable taxes in note 8, which were previously presented as other current and non-current assets.

 

2.f)Adoption of new and revised International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) and CPC

 

During the year of 2020, the Accounting Pronouncements Committee (CPC) and the IASB issued the revision of the referred standards below, already in force in the year of 2020. Some accounting pronouncements that became effective as of January 1, 2020, having been adopted and without significant impacts on the Company’s results and financial position were as follows:

 

·Business definition (changes to IFRS 3)
·Definition of materiality (changes to IAS 1 and IAS 8)
·Reform of the benchmark interest rate (changes to IFRS 9, IAS 39 and IFRS 7)
·Changes to references to the basic conceptual framework (various standards)
·Concessions related to COVID-19 (amendments to IFRS 16)

 

The changes were evaluated and adopted by the Company’s management, and there were no impacts on its financial statements regarding their application.

 

New standards, changes and interpretations to existing standards that are not yet effective and have not been adopted in advance by the Company (for which no significant impact is expected in the initial adoption period and that, therefore, additional disclosures are not being made):

 

·IFRS 17 — Insurance Contracts
·Changes to IFRS 17 Insurance contracts (changes to IFRS 17 and IFRS 4)
·References to the Conceptual Framework
·Products before intended use (changes to IAS 16)
·Onerous contracts - cost of fulfilling a contract (changes to IAS 37)
·Annual cycle of improvements to IFRS 2018-2020 (changes to IFRS 1, IFRS 9, IFRS 16 and IAS 41)
·Classification of liabilities as current and non-current (changes to IAS 1)

 

3.IMPACTS OF COVID-19

 

At the end of 2019, the COVID-19 virus spread worldwide, and in March 2020, the WHO (World Health Organization) declared a pandemic of this disease. Since the beginning of the pandemic, the Company has adopted several precautionary measures in all its areas to reduce the exposure of its employees and to guarantee the continuity of its business. In this sense, all employees in chronic conditions of vulnerability (risk group) were mapped and put on vacation together with most other employees in order to reduce their corporate staff by around 50%. In addition, masks were provided for all employees, hand sanitizer was made available in all company facilities, and we also released internal communications with preventive measures in order to reinforce the hygiene protocols recommended by the competent authorities.

 

The Company permanently assesses the effects caused by COVID-19 on its business, since, mainly in the 2nd quarter of 2020, economic activities in Brazil were drastically reduced, with restrictions and measures of social distancing having been imposed in order to reduce the virus circulation. Many of these restrictions were relieved by the authorities in the 3rd quarter and the Company did not suffer significant impact to its business during the year.

 

 

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The Company’s economic activity is directly linked to the demand for steel products in the automotive, domestic and civil construction sectors, as well as iron ore, both in the domestic and international markets. Any reduction in the activity of these sectors could affect the demand and the price of products and have significant impact to the Company’s financial position and results.

 

Below we present the main economic effects to the Company in relation to COVID-19:

 

a) Operational effects

 

The Company’s investment budget for 2020 has been revised considering the adverse effects of the global economic slowdown. In this sense, the review reduced the amount of investments, giving priority to the execution of current investment projects that are fundamental for the maintenance of conditions of operational capacity, environment and safety.

 

The Company stifled the Blast Furnace 2 located at the Presidente Vargas Steelworks (UPV), in the municipality of Volta Redonda - RJ, in early June 2020. The decision was based on the weak global economic scenario since CSN is a major supplier of raw material to the automotive, appliances and civil construction industries. However, the recently renovated Blast Furnace 3 met the demand until Blast Furnace 2 resumed in late November 2020.

 

The effects of the pandemic were perceived in the 2nd quarter of the year, having caused some impact to revenues, mainly from the steel manufacturing operations. The other segments did not suffer significant impacts.

 

The Company did not suffer any significant impact to its railway and maritime logistics. There was also no impact to the availability of supplies that would interrupt operational activities.

 

 

b) Recoverability of financial and non-financial assets and liabilities

 

The pandemic did not have a significant impact on the fair value of the Company’s assets and liabilities, with the exception of a temporary adverse impact on the market value of Usiminas’ shares, which up to March 31, 2020 had accumulated losses of R$962 million in that quarter, having if fully recovered by the end of the year and contributed positively to the Company’s result with a gain in the year of R$1,190 million. In limited situations some covenants or special obligations applicable to our debts could have been achieved. The Company constantly monitored and continues to monitor these indicators in order to avoid risks to its financial position.

 

There was no material impact to the Company’s financial assets. A portion of receivables that had been past due was received during the 2nd quarter. The Company’s average term of receipt has not changed.

 

Our portfolio of investments and the nature of our industrial plants have long-term characteristics. The long-term operational and economic context to which the Company operates allows greater flexibility in the strategies and plans to mitigate the risks and effects of the pandemic on its business and, consequently, ensure the maintenance of the expected recoverability of its non-financial assets, whether investments, fixed assets and tax credits. At the beginning of the pandemic, Management conducted tests stressing several assumptions used in business projections, especially for 2020 and 2021. These stressed assumptions remained unchanged throughout the year and, consequently, the was no need to recognize any losses due to impairment in the financial statements as of December 31, 2020.

 

According to the guidelines of the Brazilian Securities and Exchange Commission (CVM), the Company assessed any effects that are related to business continuity and its accounting estimates. Despite some adverse effects perceived at the beginning of the pandemic, which over the rest of the year dissipated, such adverse effects did not bring risks of continuity or the need for adjustments to accounting estimates that would produce significant effects on the Company’s business and consequently on its position equity and financial.

 

The Company maintains all of its medium and long-term production and sales forecasts.

 

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4.CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS

 

 

   Consolidated   Parent Company
 12/31/2020 12/31/2019 12/31/2020 12/31/2019
Cash and banks       
In Brazil  245,185  42,736   238,509  18,456
Abroad3,899,282   454,033   199,994  81,379
 4,144,467   496,769   438,503  99,835
        
Investments       
In Brazil5,800,119   531,924 4,208,622   292,272
Abroad  60,262  
 5,800,119   592,186 4,208,622   292,272
 9,944,586 1,088,955 4,647,125   392,107

 

Our investments are basically in private and public securities with yields linked to the variation of Interbank Deposit Certificates (CDI) and repo operations backed by National Treasury Notes respectively. The Company invests part of the funds through exclusive investment funds which have been consolidated in these financial statements.

 

Our investments abroad are in private securities in top-rated banks and are remunerated at pre-fixed rates.

 

Accounting Policy

 

Cash and cash equivalents include cash, bank deposits and other short-term investments of immediate liquidity, redeemable within 90 days of the contracting date, readily convertible into an amount known as cash and with an insignificant risk of changing its market value.

 

5.FINANCIAL INVESTMENTS

 

        Consolidated       Parent Company
  Current Non Current Current Non Current
  12/31/2020 12/31/2019 12/31/2020 12/31/2019 12/31/2020 12/31/2019 12/31/2020 12/31/2019
Investments(1)        478,253               518,553            475,782               481,804    
Usiminas shares(2)     3,305,109            2,114,620         3,305,109            2,114,620    
Bonds (3)            123,409          95,719            123,409          95,719
      3,783,362            2,633,173        123,409          95,719     3,780,891            2,596,424        123,409          95,719

(1)These are restricted financial investments and linked to a Bank Deposit Certificate (CDB) to guarantee a letter of guarantee from financial institutions and financial investments in Public Securities (LFT - Letras Financeiras do Tesouro) managed by their exclusive funds.

 

(2)Part of the shares guarantees a portion of the Company's debt.

 

(3)Bonds with Fibra bank due in February 2028 (see note 22).

 

 

Accounting Policy

 

Short-term investments that are not classified as cash equivalents and are measured at amortized cost and at fair value through profit or loss.

 

 

 

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6.TRADE RECEIVABLES

 

   Consolidated   Parent Company
 12/31/2020 12/31/2019 12/31/2020 12/31/2019
Trade receivables       
Third parties       
Domestic market910,657 1,118,632 680,340 852,434
Foreign market2,063,867 1,003,905 65,379 62,833
 2,974,524 2,122,537 745,719 915,267
Allowance for doubtful debts      (228,348)       (245,194)       (143,735)       (167,247)
 2,746,176 1,877,343 601,984 748,020
Related parties (note 22 b)121,176 170,588 947,719 943,623
 2,867,352 2,047,931 1,549,703 1,691,643

 

The composition of the gross balance of accounts receivable from third party customers is shown as follows:

 

    Consolidated   Parent Company
  12/31/2020 12/31/2019 12/31/2020 12/31/2019
Current     2,537,567     1,739,746        535,541        731,377
Past-due up to 30 days        222,972        132,845          72,890            9,089
Past-due up to 180 days          17,915          23,877              958            6,684
Past-due over 180 days        196,070        226,069        136,330        168,117
      2,974,524     2,122,537        745,719        915,267

 

 

The changes in credit losses are as follows:

    Consolidated   Parent Company
  12/31/2020 12/31/2019 12/31/2020 12/31/2019
Opening balance       (245,194)       (237,352)       (167,247)       (176,855)
(Loss)/Reversal estimated            7,513         (43,313)          22,347         (18,540)
Recovery and write-offs of receivables             9,333          35,471            1,165          28,148
Closing balance       (228,348)       (245,194)       (143,735)       (167,247)

 

 

Accounting Policy

 

Accounts receivable are initially recognized by the transaction price, provided they do not contain financing components, and subsequently measured at amortized cost. When applicable, it is adjusted to present value including the respective taxes and ancillary expenses, and customer credits in foreign currency are restated at the exchange rate on the date of the financial statements.

 

The Company measures credit losses annually expected for the instrument, where it considers all possible loss events over the life of its receivables, using a loss rate matrix by maturity range adopted by the Company, from the initial moment (recognition) of the asset. This model considers the client’s history, default rate, financial situation and the position of its legal advisors to estimate expected credit losses.

 

The Company performs operations relating to assignment of receivables without co-obligation in which, after the assignment of duplicates / securities from the client and receipt of funds arising from the closing of each operation, CSN settles the accounts receivable and relieves itself entirely of the operation’s credit risk.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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7.INVENTORIES

 

   Consolidated   Parent Company
 12/31/2020 12/31/2019 12/31/2020 12/31/2019
Finished goods1,627,676 1,691,842 748,918 1,141,385
Work in progress1,358,905 1,438,868 836,128 1,081,050
Raw materials1,289,653 1,493,129 876,168 1,021,350
Spare parts928,158 902,135 525,114 502,591
Advances to suppliers69,536 35,828 63,950 31,541
Provision for losses           (109,038)           (134,553)            (35,832)            (41,201)
         5,164,890         5,427,249         3,014,446         3,736,716
        
Classified:       
Current4,817,586 5,282,750 3,014,446 3,736,716
Non-current (1)347,304 144,499    
         5,164,890         5,427,249         3,014,446         3,736,716

 

1.Long-term iron ore inventories that will be used after the construction of the processing plant, which will produce pellet feed, In 2020, the Company defined the construction project for the new plant for processing Itabirito, which until then was considered as waste, and started to be incorporated into the long-term ore inventory.

.

 

The changes in estimated losses on inventories are as follows:

 

    Consolidated   Parent Company
  12/31/2020 12/31/2019 12/31/2020 12/31/2019
Opening balance       (134,553)       (157,754)         (41,201)         (45,076)
(Estimated losses) / Reversal of inventories with low turnover and obsolescence          25,515          23,201            5,369            3,875
Closing balance       (109,038)       (134,553)         (35,832)         (41,201)

 

 

 

 

 

Accounting Policy

 

The inventory is recorded at the lower of cost and net realizable value. The cost is determined using the weighted average cost method for the purchase of raw materials. The cost of finished products and work in process comprises raw materials, labor, other direct costs (based on normal production capacity). The net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less the estimated costs of completion and the estimated costs necessary to realize the sales. Estimated losses on slow-moving or obsolete inventories are recognized when deemed necessary.

 

8.RECOVERABLE TAXES

 

   Consolidated   Parent Company
 12/31/2020 12/31/2019 12/31/2020 12/31/2019
State Value-Added tax  1,002,926   1,109,887  822,717  942,707
Brazilian federal contributions (1)  1,417,081   2,230,793   1,192,919   2,040,867
Other taxes 123,939 61,675  104,648 53,430
   2,543,946   3,402,355   2,120,284   3,037,004
        
Classified:       
Current  1,605,494   1,282,415   1,381,853   1,129,584
Non-current 938,452   2,119,940  738,431   1,907,420
   2,543,946   3,402,355   2,120,284   3,037,004

1.Refers mainly to PIS / COFINS (VAT Federal) and State value-added tax all to be recovered and income tax and social contribution to be offset. In respect to PIS and COFINS to be recoverable on September 20, 2018, the writ of mandamus and special appeal filed in 2006, in which CSN and the Federal Union are parties, related to the discussion about the non-inclusion of ICMS in the PIS and COFINS calculation basis, was judged in final court decision, confirmed the
 

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right of CSN to offset the amounts unduly paid as a result of the PIS and COFINS base being increased by the inclusion of ICMS in the period from 2001 to 2014.

 

 

Accounting Policy

 

The balance of recoverable taxes maintained as current asset is expected to be offset in the next 12 months, as well as based on analysis and budget projection approved by Management. We do not foresee risks of non-realization of these tax credits.

 

9.OTHER CURRENT AND NON-CURRENT ASSETS

 

Other current and non-current assets are as follows:

 

       Consolidated       Parent Company
 CurrentNon-currentCurrentNon-current
 12/31/2020 12/31/2019 12/31/2020 12/31/2019 12/31/2020 12/31/2019 12/31/2020 12/31/2019
Judicial deposits (note 20)    325,117 328,371     221,016 224,300
Credits with the PGFN (1)        46,774         46,774
Prepaid expenses136,527 107,428 115,636 126,213   94,782   82,664   98,031 110,099
Prepaid expenses with sea freight (2)  74,500   96,305            
Actuarial asset (note 30)      13,819   13,714      1,803  
Derivative financial instruments (note 14 I)   1,364    4,203        4,203
Securities held for trading (note 14 I) 5,065  4,034      4,927  3,875    
Loans with related parties (nota 14 I and 12 I)    966,050 846,300   53,718    1,007,677 883,394
Other receivables from related parties (note 22 b) 6,242  1,830 664,020 428,672  5,717   14,770 900,200 674,800
Other receivables (note 14 I)     2,445  7,059      1,003  1,109
Eletrobrás compulsory loan (note 14 I) (3)    852,532 845,284     851,713 844,438
Dividends receivables (note 22 b)  38,088   44,554     329,413   33,447    
Employee debts  28,054   33,045       16,600   20,657    
Receivables by indemnity (4)    517,183       517,183  
Others  79,338 102,021 146,245 146,525  419   17,979 146,244 146,525
 367,814 390,581  3,603,047  2,793,115 505,576 173,392  3,744,870  2,935,642

1.In September 2020, the Company reclassified the amount to judicial deposits.

 

2.Refers a payment of freight expenses and maritime insurance over revenues didn’t recognized.

 

3.This is a certain and due amount, arising from the res judicata favorable decision to the Company, which is irreversible and irrevocable, in order to apply the STJ's consolidated position on the subject, which culminated in the conviction of Eletrobrás to the payment of the correct interest and monetary adjustment of the Compulsory Loan. The res judicata decision, as well as the certainty about the amounts involved in the liquidation of the sentence (judicial procedure to request the satisfaction of the right), allowed the conclusion that the entry of this value is certain. In addition to this amount already recorded, the Company continues to seek alternatives for the recovery of additional credits and the estimate can reach an amount greater than R$350 million.

 

4.This is a net, certain and enforceable amount, resulting from the final and unappealable decision of the Court in favor of the Company, due to losses and damages resulting from the sinking of the voltage in the supply of energy in the periods from January / 1991 to June / 2002. The receivable for indemnification in the amount of R$147,612 was recognized in the income statement for the year in other operating income and expenses and in the financial result, the amount of R$369,571. See notes 27 and 28, respectively.

 

 

10.CONSOLIDATION AND INVESTMENT BASE

 

The accounting policies have been consistently applied to all consolidated companies. The consolidated financial statements for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 include the following direct and indirect subsidiaries, joint ventures and joint operations, as well as the exclusive funds, as follows:

 

 

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 Number of shares held by CSN in unitsEquity interests (%)    
Companies 12/31/2020 12/31/2019 Core business
       
Direct interest in subsidiaries: full consolidation      
CSN Islands VII Corp.  20,001,000100.00 100.00  Financial transactions 
CSN Inova Ventures (1)50,000100.00 100.00  Financial transactions 
CSN Islands XII Corp.  1,540100.00 100.00  Financial transactions 
CSN Steel S.L.U.  22,042,688100.00 100.00  Equity interests and Financial transactions  
TdBB S.A (*)  -100.00 100.00  Equity interests 
Sepetiba Tecon S.A.254,015,052  99.99 99.99  Port services 
Minérios Nacional  S.A.141,719,295  99.99 99.99  Mining and Equity interests 
Companhia Florestal do Brasil  66,354,391  99.99 99.99  Reforestation 
Estanho de Rondônia S.A.195,454,162  99.99 99.99  Tin Mining  
Companhia Metalúrgica Prada555,142,354  99.99 99.99  Manufacture of containers and distribution of steel products 
CSN Mineração S.A. 158,419,480  87.52 87.52  Mining  
CSN Energia S.A. 43,149  99.99 99.99  Sale of electric power 
FTL - Ferrovia Transnordestina Logística S.A. 486,592,830  92.38 92.38  Railroad logistics 
Nordeste Logística S.A.99,999  99.99 99.99  Port services 
CSN Inova Ltd.   -100.00 100.00  Advisory and implementation of new development projec 
CSN Equipamentos S.A (2)  -  - 99.99  Rental of commercial and industrial machinery and equipment 
CBSI - Companhia Brasileira de Serviços de Infraestrutura 4,669,986  99.99 100.00  Equity interests and product sales and iron ore 
CSN Cimentos S.A.(3) 90  90.00   -  Manufacturing and sale of cement  
       
Indirect interest in subsidiaries: full consolidation      
Lusosider Projectos Siderúrgicos S.A. 100.00 100.00  Equity interests and product sales 
Lusosider Aços Planos, S. A.   99.99   99.99  Steel and Equity interests 
CSN Resources S.A. 100.00 100.00  Financial transactions and Equity interests 
Companhia Brasileira de Latas    99.99   99.99  Sale of cans and containers in general and Equity interests 
Companhia de Embalagens Metálicas MMSA    99.67   99.67  Production and sale of cans and related activities 
Companhia de Embalagens Metálicas - MTM    99.67   99.67  Production and sale of cans and related activities 
CSN Steel Holdings 1, S.L.U.  100.00 100.00  Financial transactions, product sales and Equity interests 
CSN Productos Siderúrgicos S.L.  100.00 100.00  Financial transactions, product sales and Equity interests 
Stalhwerk Thüringen GmbH  100.00 100.00  Production and sale of long steel and related activities 
CSN Steel Sections UK Limited (4)   100.00  Sale of long steel 
CSN Steel Sections Polska Sp.Z.o.o  100.00 100.00  Financial transactions, product sales and Equity interests 
CSN Mining Holding, S.L     87.52   87.52  Financial transactions, product sales and Equity interests 
CSN Mining GmbH  87.52   87.52  Financial transactions, product sales and Equity interests 
CSN Mining Asia Limited    87.52   87.52  Commercial representation 
Lusosider Ibérica S.A.  100.00 100.00  Steel, commercial and industrial activities and equity interests 
CSN Mining Portugal, Unipessoal Lda.    87.52   87.52  Commercial and representation of products 
Companhia Siderúrgica Nacional, LLC 100.00 100.00  Import and distribution/resale of products 
CSN Cimentos S.A.(3) 10  10.00    Manufacturing and sale of cement  
Direct interest in joint operations: proportionate consolidation      
Itá Energética S.A.253,606,846  48.75   48.75  Electric power generation 
Consórcio da Usina Hidrelétrica de Igarapava   17.92   17.92  Electric power consortium 
       
Direct interest in joint ventures: equity method      
MRS Logística S.A. (5)  63,377,198  18.64   18.64  Railroad transportation 
Aceros Del Orinoco S.A.    31.82   31.82  Dormant company 
Transnordestina Logística S.A. (6)  24,670,093  47.26   47.26  Railroad logistics 
Equimac S.A (2)  1,117  50.00   -  Rental of commercial and industrial machinery and equipment 
       
Indirect interest in joint ventures: equity method      
MRS Logística S.A. (5)   16.30   16.30  Railroad transportation 
       
Direct interest in associates: equity method      
Arvedi Metalfer do Brasil S.A.   49,074,882  20.00   20.00  Metallurgy and Equity interests 
       
Exclusive funds: full consolidation      
Diplic II  - Fundo de investimento multimercado crédito privado 100.00 100.00  Investment fund 
Caixa Vértice - Fundo de investimento multimercado crédito privado 100.00 100.00  Investment fund 
VR1 - Fundo de investimento multimercado crédito privado  100.00 100.00  Investment fund 

(*) Dormant companies.

 

1.On June 29, 2020, CSN Islands XI Corp. changed its corporate name to CSN Inova Ventures.

 

2.On June 26, 2020, CSN Equipamentos SA had its corporate name changed to Equimac SA and its capital increased by Unidas Guindastes Eireli. With this capital increase, CSN’s stake in Equimac’s share capital increased to 50% and was classified as joint venture.

 

3.Company acquired on October 2, 2020.

 

4.Company liquidated on March 11, 2020.

 

5.As of December 31, 2020, the Company directly held 63,377,198 shares, of which 26,611,282 were common and 36,765,916 were preferred, and indirectly 63,338,872 shares, of which 25,802,872 were common and 37,536,000 were preferred

 

6.As of December 31, 2020, the Company had 24,168,304 common shares and 501,789 Class B preferred shares.

 

10.a)Investments in joint ventures, joint operations, associates and other investments

 

The number of shares, the balances of assets and liabilities, shareholders’ equity and the profit / (loss) amounts for the period in those investees are as follows:

 

 

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        12/31/2020       12/31/2019
Companies Participation in    Participation in
 Assets Liabilities Shareholders’ equity Profit /(Loss) for the period Assets Liabilities Shareholders’ equity Profit /(Loss) for the period
        
        
        
Investments under the equity method                
Subsidiaries                
CSN Islands VII Corp. 481,327   2,979,749 (2,498,422) (651,215)   361,540   2,208,748  (1,847,208) (198,112)
CSN Inova Ventures   9,534,299  10,244,025 (709,726)  (475,447)   3,997,823 4,232,102  (234,279) (102,641)
CSN Islands XII Corp. 2,497,173   5,203,776 (2,706,603)   (889,471)   2,219,057 4,036,189 (1,817,132)  (339,727)
CSN Steel S.L.U.   4,522,589  28,642   4,493,947  411,236   3,642,029 135,672   3,506,357 (49,406)
Sepetiba Tecon S.A. 731,294 431,801   299,493   (3,760)   719,750   406,738  313,012   (4,422)
Minérios Nacional  S.A.   292,708 152,438 140,270   59,463 141,442  52,275   89,167 17,495
Valor Justo - Minérios Nacional S.A.     2,123,507  -     2,123,507  -
Estanho de Rondônia S.A. 103,484 131,596  (28,112)   (18,168)  49,860  59,804   (9,944)  (14,685)
Companhia Metalúrgica Prada 750,130   603,654 146,476 (34,704)   735,887   589,658 146,229   60,662
CSN Mineração S.A.   17,166,329   7,887,964   9,278,992 3,527,825 13,888,599 5,698,541 8,190,058 3,207,097
CSN Energia S.A. 130,642   83,718  46,924   (4,996)  98,866  37,306   61,560 12,854
FTL - Ferrovia Transnordestina Logística S.A. 471,952 254,510 217,442 (35,762)   500,984   247,780   253,204 (54,576)
Companhia Florestal do Brasil  52,073 2,526  49,547   (2,372)  52,939   19,586  33,353   (533)
Nordeste Logística S.A.   69   55 14 (8)   82   60   22 (7)
CSN Equipamentos S. A.          1     1   
CBSI - Companhia Brasileira de Serviços de Infraestrutura 118,553   98,231  20,322  2,935  82,332  70,942 11,390  7,422
Goodwill - CBSI - Companhia Brasileira de Serviços de Infraestrutura- -   15,225  -   -     15,225  -
   36,852,622  28,102,685 10,889,296  1,885,556   26,491,191   17,795,401  10,834,522  2,541,421
Joint-venture and Joint-operation                
Joint-venture e Joint-operation - - -  -   - - -  -
Itá Energética S.A.   268,447   17,365 251,082   9,915   259,777   16,255   243,522  5,995
MRS Logística S.A.  2,088,151 1,284,265   803,886   80,205   2,073,125 1,308,439   764,686   93,822
Transnordestina Logística S.A. 4,657,691   3,497,587  1,160,104 (28,952)   4,398,434   3,209,378  1,189,056   (17,100)
Fair Value (*) - Transnordestina -    271,116      - -  271,116  -
Equimac S.A 7,536  301 7,235   (329)   - - -  -
  7,021,825 4,799,518   2,493,423   60,839 6,731,336   4,534,072   2,468,380   82,717
Associates                
Arvedi Metalfer do Brasil S.A.  40,528  32,490 8,038   (6,765)  44,435   31,712   12,723 (1,682)
   40,528  32,490   8,038   (6,765)  44,435   31,712  12,723   (1,682)
Classified at fair value through profit or loss (note 14 II)              
Panatlântica      59,879        47,300  
      59,879       47,300  
Other investments                
Other investments       (55,543) (36,980)     (18,563) 97,811
Profits on subsidiaries' inventories      63,538   (9,964)      63,538   170
        7,995 (46,944)     44,975   97,981
Total investments      13,458,631  1,892,686      13,407,900 2,720,437
                 
Total investments                
Investments in assets      19,401,494          17,316,463   
Classification of investments in the balance sheet     (5,942,863)         (3,908,563)   
       13,458,631        13,407,900  

(*) As of December 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the net balance of R$271,116 refers to the Fair Value generated by the loss of control of Transnordestina Logística SA in the amount of R$659,105 and impairment of R$387,989.

The number of shares, the balances of assets and liabilities, shareholders’ equity and the profit / (loss) values for the year refer to the interest held by CSN in these companies.

 

 

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10.b)Changes in investments in subsidiaries, jointly controlled companies, joint operations, associates and other investments

 

   Consolidated   Parent Company
 12/31/2020 12/31/2019 12/31/2020 12/31/2019
   
Opening balance of investments3,482,974 5,630,613 17,316,463 20,232,005
Opening balance of loss provisions    (3,908,563) (3,258,138)
Total 3,482,974 5,630,613 13,407,900 16,973,867
Capital increase/acquisition of shares  3,400   27,909   60,361   66,621
Dividends (1) (82,642)  (94,603) (2,496,422) (4,166,291)
Comprehensive income (2) 6,895 (2,592) 581,514   31,441
Equity pickup  (3)124,324 175,524  1,892,686  2,720,437
Update of shares measured at fair value through profit or loss (Note 14 II)  12,579   (118,780)   12,579   (118,780)
Reclassification of Usiminas’ shares  (2,114,620) - (2,114,620)
Goodwill from acquisition of 50% interest of CBSI- - -   15,225
Consolidation of CBSI  (8,775) - -
Amortization of fair value - investment MRS (11,747)  (11,747) - -
Others 123   45   13 -
Closing balance of investments 3,535,906  3,482,974   19,401,494   17,316,463
Balance of provision for investments with negative equity    (5,942,863) (3,908,563)
Total 3,535,906  3,482,974   13,458,631   13,407,900

 

1.In 2020, it mainly refers to dividends of the subsidiary CSN Mineração SA in the amount of R$2,437,482 (R$4,060,816 on December 31, 2019).

 

2.Refers to translation to the reporting currency of the foreign investments of which functional currency is not the Brazilian Reais, actuarial gain/loss and gain/loss on investment hedge from investments accounted for under the equity method.

 

3.The table below shows the reconciliation of the equity in results of affiliated companies classified as joint venture and associates and the amount disclosed in the income statement and it is due to the elimination of the results of the CSN´s transactions with these companies.

 

   Consolidated
 12/31/2020 12/31/2019
  
Equity in results of affiliated companies   
MRS Logística S.A.                  160,370                   187,597
CBSI - Companhia Brasileira de Serviços de Infraestrutura (1)                                                      6,695
Transnordestina Logística S.A.                   (28,952)                    (17,100)
Arvedi Metalfer do Brasil S.A.                     (6,765)                      (1,682)
Equimac S.A.                        (329)                                
Others                                                          14
                   124,324                   175,524
Eliminations   
To cost of sales                    (46,751)                    (57,908)
To taxes                    15,895                     19,689
Others   
Amortizated at fair value - Investment in MRS                   (11,747)                    (11,747)
Others                     (9,966) 157
Equity in results                     71,755                   125,715

 

(1)Refers to equity income until November 30, 2019, as of this date, the joint venture started to be controlled and consolidated, according to note 10 c.

 

10.c)Additional information on operating controlled companies

 

With the primary objective of reducing the Company’s financial leverage, Management is committed to a plan to dispose of a set of assets, however, it is not possible to confirm that the sale within a period of 12 months is highly probable for any of the assets contemplated in the plan. The Company considers several sales scenarios that vary according to different macroeconomic and operational assumptions. In this context, the Company did not segregate and did not reclassify such assets in the financial statements as discontinued operations in accordance CPC 31 / IFRS 5.

 

 

·   SEPETIBA TECON SA (“Tecon”)

 

It aims to explore Container Terminal No. 1 at the Port of Itaguaí, located in Itaguaí, in the State of Rio de Janeiro. The terminal is connected to the UPV by the Southeastern railway network, which is granted to MRS Logística SA The services provided are handling operations and storage of containers, steel products and cargo in general, among other products and services for washing, maintenance and hygiene of containers.

 

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Tecon won a bidding procedure and entered into the lease agreement in October 23, 1998 for operation of the port terminal for a period of 25 years, extendable for an equal period.

 

Upon termination of the lease, all rights and benefits transferred to Tecon will return to the Federal Government, together with the assets owned by Tecon and those resulting from investments made by it in leased assets, declared reversible by the Federal Government as they are necessary for the continuity of the provision. of the service granted. The assets declared reversible will be indemnified by the Federal Government at the residual value of their cost, determined by Tecon’s accounting records after deducting depreciation.

 

·   ESTANHO DE RONDÔNIA SA (“ERSA”)

 

Headquartered in the state of Rondônia, the subsidiary operates two units, one in the city of Itapuã do Oeste / RO and the other in Ariquemes / RO. Mining is located in Itapuã do Oeste, where cassiterite (tin ore) is extracted, and in Ariquemes, the foundry where metallic tin is obtained, which is the raw material used at UPV for the manufacture of metal sheets.

·

·   COMPANHIA METALÚRGICA PRADA (“Prada”)

 

Prada operates in two segments: metal steel packaging and flat steel processing and distribution.

 

Packaging

 

In the steel metallic packaging segment, Prada produces the best and safest in cans, buckets and aerosols. It serves the chemical and food segments, providing packaging and lithography services to the main companies in the market.

 

Distribution

 

Prada also operates in the flat steel processing and distribution area, with a diversified product line. Supplies coils, rolls, plates, strips, blanks, metal sheets, profiles, tubes and tiles, among other products, for the most different segments of the industry - from automotive to civil construction. It is also specialized in providing steel processing services, meeting the demand of companies from all over the country.

 

·   CSN ENERGIA S.A.

 

Its main objective is the distribution of the excess electric power generated by CSN and Companies, consortiums or other entities in which CSN holds an interest.

 

 

·   FTL - FERROVIA TRANSNORDESTINA LOGÍSTICA SA (“FTL”)

 

Company created for the purpose of incorporating the spun-off portion of Transnordestina Logística SA It operates public cargo transportation services in the northeast of Brazil, in the stretches between the cities of São Luís and Altos, Altos and Fortaleza, Fortaleza and Sousa, Sousa and Recife / Jorge Lins, Recife / Jorge Lins and Salgueiro, Jorge Lins and Propriá, Paula Cavalcante and Cabedelo (Branch of Cabedelo) and Itabaiana and Macau (Branch of Macau) (“Malha I”)

 

On November 13, 2019, CSN subscribed FTL shares through the capitalization of credits arising from Advances for Future Capital Increase (AFAC) in the amount of R$27,670, passing its interest in FTL’s capital from 91.69% to 92.38%. As a result of the operations described above, which caused a change in shareholder participation, the Company recorded a loss in the amount of R$293, recorded in shareholders’ equity under “Other comprehensive income” There was no change in the corporate structure in 2020.

 

·   CSN MINERAÇÃO SA (“CSN Mineração”)

 

Headquartered in Congonhas, in the State of Minas Gerais, CSN Mineração SA has as its main objective the production, purchase and sale of iron ore, and has the foreign market as its main focus in the commercialization of its products. As of November 30, 2015, CSN Mineração SA started to centralize CSN’s mining operations, including the establishments of the Casa de Pedra mine, the TECAR port and an 18.63% stake in MRS. CSN’s interest in this subsidiary is 87.52% as of December 31, 2020.

 

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· MINÉRIOS NACIONAL SA (“Minérios Nacional”)

 

Headquartered in Congonhas, in the State of Minas Gerais, Minérios Nacional has as main objective the production and sale of iron ore. The subsidiary concentrates the mining rights assets related to the Fernandinho, Cayman and Pedras Pretas mines, all in Minas Gerais transferred to Minérios Nacional SA in the business combination operation that took place in 2015.

 

 

·   CBSI - COMPANHIA BRASILEIRA DE INFRASTRUCTURE SERVICES (“CBSI”)

 

 

Previously located in the city of Araucária-PR, CBSI is currently headquartered in the city of Volta Redonda and its main purpose is to render services to CSN, CSN’s subsidiaries and third parties related to the recovery and maintenance of industrial machinery and equipment, civil maintenance, industrial cleaning, preparation product logistics, among others.

 

The investment is the result of a joint venture between CSN and CKTR Brasil Serviços Ltda. in 2011 which previously held a 50% stake. On November 29, 2019, the Company completed the acquisition of the remaining 50% of CBSI’s shares for R$24,000. The goodwill for expected future profitability generated on the acquisition was R$15,225 and is separately classified within Investments in non-current assets.

 

10.d)Joint ventures and joint operations financial information

 

The balance sheet and income statement balances of the companies whose control is shared are shown below and refer to 100% of the companies’ results:

 

        12/31/2020     12/31/2019
  Joint-Venture  Joint-Operation  Joint-Venture Joint-Operation
Equity interest (%) MRS Logística Transnordestina Logística Equimac S.A. Itá Energética MRS Logística Transnordestina Logística Itá Energética
 34.94% 47.26% 50.00% 48.75% 34.94% 47.26% 48.75%
Balance sheet              
 Current Assets               
Cash and cash equivalents 1,206,484 1,390  1,351  48,919   670,296  17,166   65,793
Advances to suppliers  27,312 1,948     742  20,100 3,240  363
Other current assets 823,204  51,793  2,356  89,521   1,326,281  59,405   15,955
Total current assets 2,057,000  55,131  3,707   139,182   2,016,677  79,811   82,111
 Noncurrent Assets               
Other non-current assets 608,878   225,492 -  20,807   789,562   258,391   24,361
Investments, PP&E and intangible assets 8,537,009 9,574,588   11,365   390,672   8,316,033 8,968,447 426,403
Total non-current assets 9,145,887 9,800,080   11,365   411,479   9,105,595 9,226,838 450,764
Total Assets  11,202,887 9,855,211   15,072   550,661  11,122,272 9,306,649 532,875
               
 Current Liabilities               
Borrowings and financing  828,439   241,029      653,784   103,877  
Lease liabilities 317,526       256,034   
Other current liabilities 1,117,975   125,794  602  19,721   1,561,684   171,821   16,793
Total current liabilities 2,263,940   366,823  602  19,721   2,471,502   275,698   16,793
 Noncurrent Liabilities               
Borrowings and financing  2,162,657 6,368,070      2,369,615 6,084,424  
Lease liabilities 1,674,594       1,650,758   
Other non-current liabilities 788,862   665,653    15,900   527,871   430,603   16,550
Total non-current liabilities 4,626,113 7,033,723    15,900   4,548,244 6,515,027   16,550
Shareholders’ equity 4,312,834 2,454,665   14,470   515,040   4,102,526 2,515,924 499,532
Total liabilities and shareholders’
equity
  11,202,887 9,855,211   15,072   550,661  11,122,272 9,306,649 532,875

 

 

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        01/01/2020 to 12/31/2020 01/01/2019 to 11/30/2019     01/01/2019 to 12/31/2019
  Joint-Venture Joint-Operation   Joint-Venture   Joint-Operation
Equity interest (%) MRS Logística Transnordestina Logística Equimac S.A. Itá Energética CBSI MRS Logística Transnordestina Logística Itá Energética
 34,94% 47,26% 50,00% 48,75% 50,00% 34,94% 46,30% 48,75%
Statements of Income                
Net revenue 3.604.965  35 2.308  173.426 267.436 3.200.809    163.048
Cost of sales and services (2.521.991)   (2.386)  (74.048)  (233.830)  (2.382.828)    (83.129)
Gross profit 1.082.974  35 (78) 99.378 33.606 817.981   79.919
Operating (expenses) income  (105.267) (42.108)  (576)  (67.885) (12.328) 207.840 (18.077)  (62.660)
Financial income (expenses), net (330.756) (19.186) (4) (764) (1.460)  (268.089) (18.386) 1.183
Income before income tax and social contribution 646.951 (61.259)  (658) 30.729 19.818 757.732 (36.463) 18.442
Current and deferred income tax
and social contribution
 (216.649)  -  (10.391) (6.428)  (254.378)   (6.147)
Net income for the year 430.302 (61.259)  (658) 20.338 13.390 503.354 (36.463) 12.295

 

 

·   ITÁ ENERGÉTICA SA - (“ITASA”)

 

ITASA is a corporation established in July 1996 that was engaged to operate under a concession, the Itá Hydropower Plant (“UHE Itá”), with 1,450 MW of installed power, located on the Uruguay River, on the Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul state border. The UHE Itá concession is shared with ENGIE Brasil Energia S.A., with CSN holding 48.75%.

 

·   MRS LOGISTICA S.A.

 

Located in the city of Rio de Janeiro-RJ, the company aims to exploit, for an onerous concession, the public service of railway cargo transportation in the areas of the Southeast Network, located on the Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo and Minas Gerais axis, previously held by the extinct Rede Ferroviária Federal SA - RFFSA. The concession has a term of 30 years from December 1, 1996, extendable for an equal period by exclusive decision of the grantor.

 

MRS can also explore modal transport services related to rail transport and participate in projects aimed at expanding the rail services granted.

 

For the provision of services, MRS leased from RFFSA, for the same period of the concession, the assets necessary for the operation and maintenance of rail freight transport activities. At the end of the concession, all leased assets will be transferred to the possession of the railway transport operator designated in that same act.

 

The Company directly holds an 18.64% interest in the capital of MRS and indirectly, through its subsidiary CSN Mineração SA, a 16.30% interest in the capital of MRS, totaling a 34.94% interest.

 

·   CONSÓRCIO DA USINA HIDRELÉTRICA DE IGARAPAVA

 

The Igarapava Hydroelectric Plant is located in Rio Grande, in the city of Conquista - MG, and has an installed capacity of 210 MW, formed by 5 Bulb-type generating units.

 

CSN holds 17.92% of the investment in the consortium, whose object is the distribution of electricity, which is distributed according to the percentage of participation of each company.

 

The balance of property, plant and equipment, net of depreciation on December 31, 2020 is R$21,287 (R$22,441 on December 31, 2019) and the expense amount in 2020 was R$6,611 (R$6,497 in 2019).

 

·   TRANSNORDESTINA LOGÍSTICA SA (“TLSA”)

 

Its main objective is the exploration and development of the public rail freight transport service in the Northeast network of Brazil, comprising the stretches of Eliseu Martins-Trindade, Trindade-Salgueiro, Salgueiro-Porto Suape, Salgueiro - Missão Velha and Missão Velha - Pecém (Malha II).

 

It is in the pre-operational phase and should remain so until the completion of Mesh II. The approved schedule, which provided for the completion of the work for January 2017, is currently under discussion with the responsible bodies, as described in note 31.b. Its Management understands that new deadlines for the completion of the project will not substantially negatively imply the expected return on investment.

 

 

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In May 2019, the Northeast Investment Fund - FINOR transferred to CSN, BNDES and BNDESPAR, 1,677,816 (one million six hundred and seventy-seven thousand, eight hundred and sixteen) class “B preferred shares, of which 501,789 (five hundred and one thousand, seven hundred and eighty-nine) shares were transferred specifically to CSN. As of December 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company’s interest in the capital of TLSA is 47.26% of the total capital and 92.60% of the voting capital.

 

Management relies on resources from its shareholders and third parties to complete the work, as described in item 31.b, which it expects to be available, based on previously concluded agreements and recent discussions between the parties involved. After evaluating this matter, Management concluded that the use of the project’s business continuity accounting basis in the preparation of the financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2020 was considered appropriate.

 

In this sense, TLSA performed a recoverability test of its own long-lived assets using the discounted cash flow method. To carry out the test, TLSA adopted the following main premises:

 

Measurement of recoverable value

 

 

Cash Flow ProjectionBy 2057
Gross marginEstimated based on market study to capture cargo and operating costs according to market trend studies
Cost estimateStudy-based costs and market trends
Perpetuity growth rateGrowth rate was not considered as a result of the projection model until the end of the concession.
Discount rateRange from 5.83% to 7.41% in real terms

 

Additionally, CSN, as an investor, carried out its impairment test of its interest in TLSA through the ability to distribute dividends by TLSA, a methodology known as the Dividend Discount Model, or DDM, to remunerate the capital invested by its shareholders. For the performance of this test, some factors were taken into account, such as:

 

·The dividend flow was extracted from TLSA’s nominal cash flow;
·The dividend flow was calculated considering the percentages of annual participation, considering the dilutions of CSN’s participation resulting from the amortization of debts;
·This dividend flow was then discounted to present value using the cost of equity (Ke) embedded in TLSA’s WACC rate; and
·This extracted Ke was the one calculated in “rolling WACC” From TLSA.

 

Due to the sharing of investors’ risks and the fact that the asset being tested represents the cash-generating unit itself, which in turn equals the legal entity, the risk determined by CSN’s Management is the same as that applied by TLSA when evaluation of the investment of its own assets, with no additional risk factor to the model.

 

As a result of the test carried out, it was not necessary to record losses due to impairment of this investment for the year ended December 31, 2020.

 

·   EQUIMAC SA

 

In August 2019, CSN Equipamentos SA was incorporated, which had its corporate name changed to Equimac SA (“Equimac”) on June 26, 2020. The joint venture Equimac was created through a partnership between Unidas Guindastes Eireli and CSN, each with a 50% stake in its share capital. Equimac is located in the city of São Paulo and its main objective is to rent commercial and industrial machinery and equipment.

 

10.e)Additional information on indirect participation in abroad operations

 

· STAHLWERK THÜRINGEN GMBH (“SWT”)

 

SWT was formed from the defunct Maxhütte steel industrial complex in the city of Unterwellenborn in Germany. SWT produces steel profiles used for civil construction in accordance with international quality standards. Its main raw material is steel scrap, and its installed production capacity is 1.1 million tons of steel / year. SWT is a wholly and indirectly controlled company through CSN Steel SLU, a CSN subsidiary.

 

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· COMPANHIA SIDERURGICA NACIONAL - LLC (“CSN LLC”)

 

Incorporated in 2001 with the assets and liabilities of the defunct Heartland Steel Inc., CSN LLC, an industrial plant in Terre Haute, State of Indiana - USA, where is the complex composed of cold rolling, hot coil stripping line and line of galvanizing, its installed production capacity is 800 thousand tons / year. CSN LLC is wholly and indirectly controlled through CSN Steel SLU after the merger, formerly CSN Americas SLU, a subsidiary of CSN.

 

On June 5, 2018, CSN LLC had its corporate name changed to “Heartland Steel Processing, LLC”. On the same date, a new company was created under the name “Companhia Siderúrgica Nacional, LLC”, a wholly owned subsidiary of Heartland Steel Processing, LLC. On June 28, 2018, Companhia Siderúrgica Nacional, LLC., Became a wholly-owned subsidiary of CSN Steel, and, on June 29, 2018, Heartland Steel Processing, LLC. was sold to Steel Dynamics, Inc. (“SDI”) for the base transaction price of US$400 million.

 

The new “Companhia Siderúrgica Nacional, LLC” is an importer and trader of steel products and maintains its activities in the United States.

 

· LUSOSIDER AÇOS PLANOS, SA (“Lusosider”)

 

Founded in 1996, in continuity with Siderurgia Nacional - a company privatized by the Portuguese government that year, Lusosider is the only Portuguese industry in the steel sector to produce cold-rolled flat steel with an anti-corrosion coating. Lusosider has an installed capacity of around 550 thousand tons / year to produce four major groups of steel products: galvanized sheet, cold rolled sheet, pickled sheet and oiled sheet. The products manufactured by Lusosider can be applied in the packaging industry, civil construction (tubes and metallic structures) and in home appliance components.

 

10.f)Other investments

 

·   PANATLÂNTICA SA (“Panatlântica”)

 

Publicly-held corporation headquartered in Gravataí-RS, whose purpose is the industrialization, trade, import, export and processing of steel and metals, ferrous or non-ferrous, coated or not. This investment is classified at fair value through profit or loss.

 

The Company currently holds 11.31% on December 31, 2020 and 2019) of Panatlântica’s total share capital.

 

·   USINAS SIDERÚRGICAS DE MINAS GERAIS SA - USIMINAS (“USIMINAS”)

 

USIMINAS is headquartered in Belo Horizonte, State of Minas Gerais, with the objective of exploring the steel industry and related companies. USIMINAS produces flat-rolled steel at the Intendente Câmara and José Bonifácio de Andrada e Silva plants, located in Ipatinga / MG and Cubatão / SP, respectively, for the domestic and export markets. It also owns and operates iron ore mines located in the city of Itaúna / MG, which aims to meet the strategies of verticalization and optimization of production costs. USIMINAS maintains service and distribution centers located in various regions of the country, in addition to the ports of Cubatão in São Paulo and Praia Mole in Espírito Santo, as strategic points for the flow of its production.

 

On April 9, 2014, CADE issued a decision regarding the Usiminas shares held by CSN, and CSN signed a Performance Commitment Term (“TCD”), with CADE in this regard. Pursuant to the decision of CADE and TCD, CSN must reduce its participation in USIMINAS, within a specified period. The term and percentage of reduction are confidential. In addition, political rights at Usiminas will remain suspended until the Company reaches the limits established in the TCD.

 

In December 2019, the Company opted to reclassify the investment measured at fair value through profit or loss to current assets through a new decision by Management regarding the maintenance of shares in line with its asset sale strategy.

 

USIMINAS is listed on the São Paulo Stock Exchange (“B3 SA”: USIM3 and USIM5).

 

 

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As of December 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Company’s stake in USIMINAS ‘capital was 15.19% in common shares and 20.29% in preferred shares.

 

·   ARVEDI METALFER DO BRASIL SA (“Arvedi”)

 

Arvedi, headquartered in Salto, State of São Paulo, is engaged in pipe production. As of December 31, 2020 and 2019, CSN had a 20.00% interest in Arvedi’s share capital.

 

Accounting Policy

 

Equity method of accounting

 

The equity method of accounting for subsidiaries, jointly controlled and affiliated companies is applied. Other investments are held at fair value or cost.

 

Subsidiaries: They are entities in which the Company has significant influence over its financial and operating policies and / or potential exercisable or convertible voting rights. Subsidiaries are fully consolidated from the date on which control is transferred to the Company and cease to be consolidated on the date on which control ceases.

 

Jointly Controlled: are all entities in which the Company has jointly contractually controlled control with one or more parties and can be classified as follows:

 

Joint operations: are accounted for in the financial statements to represent the Company’s contractual rights and obligations.

 

Jointly controlled entities: are accounted for using the equity method and are not consolidated.

 

Affiliates: are all entities in which the Company has significant influence, but not control. Usually, 20% to 50% voting interest investments in associates are initially recognized at cost and subsequently measured using the equity method.

 

Exclusive funds

 

The exclusive funds are private investment funds in which CSN’s resources are allocated according to the Company’s intention. They are managed by BNY Mellon Serviços Financeiros DTVM SA and Caixa Econômica Federal (CEF).

 

Transactions between subsidiaries, affiliates, joint ventures and joint operations

 

Unrealized balances and gains on transactions with subsidiaries, joint ventures and associates are eliminated proportionally to CSN’s interest in the entity in question in the consolidation process. Unrealized losses are eliminated in the same way as unrealized gains, but only insofar as there is no evidence of impairment. The effects on the results of transactions with jointly controlled subsidiaries are also eliminated, where part of the equity in results of jointly controlled entities is reclassified to financial expenses, cost of products sold and income and social contribution taxes.

 

The subsidiaries and jointly controlled entities have the same reporting date and accounting policies as those adopted by the Company.

 

Foreign currency transactions and balances

 

The transactions in foreign currencies are translated into the functional currency using the exchange rates in effect at the dates of the transactions or valuations when their values are remeasured. Foreign exchange gains and losses resulting from the settlement of those transactions and from the translation at exchange rates in effect as of December 31, 2019 related to monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are recognized in the income statement as financial result, except when they are recognized in shareholders' equity as a result of foreign operation characterized as foreign investment.

 

According to IAS 21 and IFRIC 22 – foreign currency transactions and advance consideration, the transactions in which the Company recognizes a non-monetary asset or non-monetary liability involving prepayments or receipts in foreign currency are recorded at the exchange rate of the date the entity initially recognized (transaction date) the non-monetary asset or non-current liability monetary.

 

 

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Impairment testing

 

Investments are reviewed for verification of impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. An impairment loss is recognized for the amount by which the asset's carrying amount exceeds its recoverable amount.

 

10.g)Investment properties:

 

The balance of investment properties as of December 31, 2020 is shown below:

 

      Consolidated     Parent Company
  Land Buildings  Total Land Buildings  Total
Balance at December 31, 2019 68,877 32,318   101,195 65,698   20,030  85,728
Cost 68,877 53,816   122,693 65,698   41,528   107,226
Accumulated depreciation   (21,498) (21,498)     (21,498)  (21,498)
Balance at December 31, 2019 68,877 32,318   101,195 65,698   20,030  85,728
Acquisitions 28,733 32,864 61,597 28,733   32,864  61,597
Depreciation     (2,786)  (2,786)   (2,194)   (2,194)
Write-off    (132)  (132)     (132)   (132)
Balance at December 31, 2020 97,610 62,264   159,874 94,431   50,568   144,999
Cost 97,610 86,548   184,158 94,431   74,260   168,691
Accumulated depreciation     (24,284)   (24,284)    (23,692) (23,692)
Balance at December 31, 2020 97,610 62,264   159,874 94,431   50,568   144,999

 

The Company’s estimate of the fair value of investment properties was of R$1,863,563 at December 31, 2020 (R $ 1,781,019 at December 31, 2019) in the consolidated and R$1,795,553 (R$1,713,831 on December 31, 2019) at the parent company.

 

The average estimated useful lives for the years are as follows (in years):

 

   Consolidated   Parent Company
 12/31/2020 12/31/2019 12/31/2020 12/31/2019
Buildings27 21 28 21

 

Accounting Policy

 

The Company’s investment properties consist of land and buildings maintained to earn rental income and capital appreciation. The measurement method used is that of the acquisition or construction cost less accumulated depreciation and reduction to its recoverable value, when applicable. The accumulated depreciation of buildings is calculated using the straight-line method based on the estimated useful life of the properties subject to depreciation. Land is not depreciated because it has an indefinite useful life.

 

 

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11.PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT

 

               Consolidated
 Land Buildings and Infrastructure Machinery, equipment and facilities Furniture and fixtures Construction in progress Right of use (i) Other (*) Total
Balance at December 31, 2019226,949 3,062,238 12,603,619 28,455   3,217,052  472,345 90,286   19,700,944
Cost226,949 4,250,471 24,372,514  170,229   3,217,052  531,044  386,144   33,154,403
Accumulated depreciation    (1,188,233)   (11,768,895) (141,774)      (58,699) (295,858)  (13,453,459)
Balance at December 31, 2019226,949 3,062,238 12,603,619 28,455   3,217,052  472,345 90,286   19,700,944
Effect of foreign exchange differences  30,271  57,838   186,591  2,416   4,727  4,329  1,823  287,995
Acquisitions654 865   122,744  874   1,583,054 49,934  4,156  1,762,281
Capitalized interest (1) (notes 28 and 33)        92,506     92,506
Write-offs (note 27)  (188)   (3,073)   (33)  (9) (7,318) (2,377)   (12,998)
Depreciation (note 26)  (458)  (780,395)  (1,564,525) (6,747)      (62,680)   (24,517) (2,439,322)
Transfers to other asset categories458  67,574   1,112,024  1,338  (1,212,373)   30,979   
Transfers to intangible assets         (4,633)      (4,633)
Right of use - Remesurement           60,058   60,058
Update of the ARO (Asset retirement obligation)    269,445              269,445
Others     3  (6)  (2)     (48)   (53)
Balance at December 31, 2020257,686 2,677,565 12,457,383 26,297   3,680,322  516,668  100,302   19,716,223
Cost257,686 4,752,412 26,213,225  182,974   3,680,322  634,786  414,705   36,136,110
Accumulated depreciation    (2,074,847)   (13,755,842) (156,677)    (118,118) (314,403)  (16,419,887)
Balance at December 31, 2020257,686 2,677,565 12,457,383 26,297   3,680,322  516,668  100,302   19,716,223

 

                Parent Company
  Land Buildings and Infrastructure Machinery, equipment and facilities Furniture and fixtures Construction in progress Right of use (i) Other (*) Total
Balance at December 31, 2019 30,408 1,023,454   7,596,294 10,473  1,536,581 44,173 24,701  10,266,084
Cost 30,408 1,309,542 14,333,445 98,103  1,536,581 66,435  131,753   17,506,267
Accumulated depreciation    (286,088)  (6,737,151)   (87,630)     (22,262) (107,052)   (7,240,183)
Balance at December 31, 2019 30,408 1,023,454   7,596,294 10,473  1,536,581 44,173 24,701  10,266,084
Acquisitions       30,662  13   813,656 25,890  78 870,299
Capitalized interest (1) (notes 28 and 33)         29,612       29,612
Write-offs (note 27) (188)         (4,240)   (4,428)
Depreciation (note 26)   (34,084)  (814,842) (2,167)     (22,371) (5,081)   (878,545)
Transfers to other asset categories   3,507   712,261 78 (723,381)    7,535  
Transfers to intangible assets         (4,000)     (4,000)
Capital increase in subsidiaries with assets (1,267) (28,307)  (5,377)          (34,951)
Right of use - Remesurement           21,207     21,207
Update of the ARO (Asset retirement obligation)    49,972              49,972
Others      474         474
Balance at December 31, 2020 28,953 1,014,542   7,519,472  8,397  1,652,468 64,659 27,233  10,315,724
Cost 28,953 1,333,345 15,039,880 98,193  1,652,468  107,528  139,806  18,400,173
Accumulated depreciation    (318,803)  (7,520,408)   (89,796)     (42,869) (112,573)   (8,084,449)
Balance at December 31, 2020 28,953 1,014,542   7,519,472  8,397  1,652,468 64,659 27,233  10,315,724

 

(*) Refer substantially to: i) in the consolidated picture: assets for railway use, such as yards, rails, mines and dormant;

 

(1)The cost of capitalized interest is calculated, basically, for Mining projects that substantially refer to the expansion of Casa de Pedra (MG) and TECAR (RJ) - see notes 28 and 33. The average rate used for the capitalization of interest on non-specific projects in the period ended December 31 2020 was 5.62% per year (6.58% per year as of December 31, 2019).

 

 

(i)Right of use

 

Below the movements of the right of use recognized on December 31, 2020:

 

 

 

(CONVENIENCE TRANSLATION INTO ENGLISH FROM THE ORIGINAL PREVIOUSLY ISSUED IN PORTUGUESE)

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         Consolidated
 Land Buildings and Infrastructure Machinery, equipment and facilities Others Total
Balance at December 31, 2019  380,566  64,154 24,144  3,481   472,345
Cost  401,746  73,344 39,455   16,499   531,044
Accumulated depreciation(21,180)   (9,190)   (15,311)  (13,018)   (58,699)
Balance at December 31, 2019  380,566  64,154 24,144  3,481   472,345
Effect of foreign exchange differences   988   294  3,047   4,329
Addition9,039 4,561 23,720   12,614 49,934
Remesurement 34,645 3,827 21,557 29 60,058
Depreciation (24,467)  (983)   (14,211)  (23,019)   (62,680)
Write-offs  (6,580)  (399)    (339)  (7,318)
Transfers to other asset categories  (188)   (6,062)  (3,558)  9,808   
Balance at December 31, 2020  393,015  66,086 51,946  5,621   516,668
Cost  434,689 75,882   81,598   42,617  634,786
Accumulated depreciation  (41,674)  (9,796)  (29,652)  (36,996) (118,118)
Balance at December 31, 2020  393,015  66,086 51,946  5,621   516,668

 

        Parent Company
  Land Machinery, equipment and facilities Others Total
Balance at December 31, 2019 30,145  13,580   448  44,173
Cost 37,719  25,719   2,997  66,435
Accumulated depreciation (7,574) (12,139)  (2,549) (22,262)
Balance at December 31, 2019 30,145  13,580   448  44,173
Addition  3,860  18,989   3,041  25,890
Remesurement  1,502  19,295   410  21,207
Depreciation    (10,311)   (9,782)  (2,278) (22,371)
Write-offs (3,928)   (312)   (4,240)
Transfers to other asset categories (187)    187 
Balance at December 31, 2020 21,081  42,082   1,496  64,659
Cost 37,700  64,003   5,825   107,528
Accumulated depreciation   (16,619) (21,921)  (4,329) (42,869)
Balance at December 31, 2020 21,081  42,082   1,496  64,659

 

The average estimated useful lives for the years are as follows (in years):

 

   Consolidated   Parent Company
 12/31/2020 12/31/2019 12/31/2020 12/31/2019
Buildings and Infrastructure(1)34 38 42 41
Machinery, equipment and facilities20 21 21 22
Furniture and fixtures12 12 13 12
Others10 14 12 14

(1) The decrease was caused by the review of the useful lives of dams infrastructure as a result of technical and functional obsolescence recorded in 2020 as a result of the use of filter and stack dry tailings in our iron ore production.

 

 

Accounting Policy

 

Property, plant and equipment are carried at cost of acquisition, formation or construction, less accumulated depreciation or depletion and any impairment loss. Depreciation is calculated under the straight-line method based on the remaining economic useful economic lives of assets, as mentioned in note 9. The depletion of mines is calculated based on the quantity of ore mined. Land is not depreciated since their useful life is considered indefinite. However, if the tangible assets are mine-specific, that is, used in the mining activity, they are depreciated over the shorter between the normal useful lives of such assets and the useful life of the mine. The Company recognizes in the carrying amount of property, plant and equipment the cost of replacement, and consequently reducing the carrying amount of the part that is replaced if it is probable that future economic benefits embodied therein will revert to the Company, and if the cost of the asset can be reliably measured. All other disbursements are expensed as incurred.

 

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·Capitalized interest

 

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction and or production of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of the asset when it is probable that they will result in future economic benefits and until these projects are completed.

 

·Development Costs of New Ore Deposits

 

Costs for the development of new ore deposits, or for the expansion of the capacity of the mines in operation are capitalized and amortized by the method of units produced (extracted) based on the probable and proven quantities of ore.

 

·Operating Expenses

 

Exploration expenses are recognized as expenses until the viability of the mining activity is established; after that period, subsequent costs are capitalized.

 

·Waste Removal Costs

 

Expenses incurred during the development phase of a mine, prior to the production phase, are accounted for as part of the depreciable development costs. Subsequently, these costs are amortized over the useful life of the mine based on probable and proven reserves.

 

·Sterile Costs

 

The waste disposal costs incurred in the production phase are added to the stock value, except when a specific extraction campaign is carried out to access deeper deposits of the deposit. In this case, costs are capitalized and classified in non-current assets and are amortized over the useful life of the deposit.

 

 

12.INTANGIBLE ASSETS

 

             Consolidated     Parent Company
 Goodwill Customer relationships Software Trademarks
and
patents
 Rights and licenses (*) Others Total Software Rights and licenses Total
Balance at December 31, 2019 3,606,156   246,139 53,859 153,103 3,170,960  1,564 7,231,781 48,052  4,086   52,138
 Cost   3,846,563 585,407   171,152  153,103  3,189,789   1,564  7,947,578   131,795  4,088  135,883
 Accumulated amortization  (131,077)   (339,268)  (117,293)    (18,829)      (606,467)   (83,743)  (2)   (83,745)
 Adjustment for accumulated recoverable value  (109,330)               (109,330)       
Balance at December 31, 2019 3,606,156   246,139 53,859 153,103 3,170,960  1,564 7,231,781 48,052  4,086   52,138
Effect of foreign exchange differences    94,998  584   62,429   638 158,649      
Acquisitions and expenditures     1,837      1,837      
Transfer of property, plant and equipment     633   4,000   4,633    4,000  4,000
Amortization (note 26)  (63,096)   (11,248)     (5,611)   (79,955) (7,816)   (7,816)
Others        (151)   (151)      
Balance at December 31, 2020 3,606,156   278,041 45,665 215,532 3,169,349  2,051 7,316,794 40,236  8,086   48,322
 Cost  3,846,563   823,540  182,059 215,532 3,193,787  2,051 8,263,532  131,795  8,088 139,883
 Accumulated amortization (131,077)  (545,499) (136,394)    (24,438)     (837,408)   (91,559) (2)  (91,561)
 Adjustment for accumulated recoverable value (109,330)           (109,330)      
Balance at December 31, 2020 3,606,156   278,041 45,665 215,532 3,169,349  2,051 7,316,794 40,236  8,086   48,322

(*) Composed mainly of mining rights. Amortization is based on production volume.

 

The average useful life by nature is as follows (in years):

 

   Consolidated   Parent Company
 12/31/2020 12/31/2019 12/31/2020 12/31/2019
Software9 9 9 9
Customer relationships13 13    

 

 

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Accounting Policy

 

Intangible assets basically comprise assets acquired from third parties, including through business combinations. These assets are recorded at acquisition or formation cost and deducted from amortization calculated using the straight-line method based on the economic useful life of each asset, within the estimated periods of exploration or recovery.

 

Mineral exploration rights are classified as rights and licenses in the intangible group.

 

Intangible assets with an indefinite useful life are not amortized.

 

12.a)Goodwill impairment test

 

Goodwill arising from expected future profitability of acquired companies and intangible assets with indefinite useful lives (brands) were allocated to CSN’s cash generating units (CGUs) which represent the lowest level of assets or group of assets of the Company. According to CPC 01 (R1) / IAS36, when a CGU has an intangible asset with no defined useful life allocated, the Company must perform an impairment test. The CGUs with intangible assets in this situation are shown below:

 

              Consolidated
    GoodwillTrademarksTotal
Cash generating of units Segment 12/31/2020 12/31/2019 12/31/2020 12/31/2019 12/31/2020 12/31/2019
       
Packaging (1)  Steel  158,748 158,748     158,748 158,748
Long steel (2)  Steel  235,595 235,595 215,532  153,103 451,127 388,698
Mining (3)  Mining   3,196,588  3,196,588      3,196,588  3,196,588
Other Steel (4)  Steel    15,225   15,225       15,225   15,225
     3,606,156  3,606,156 215,532  153,103  3,821,688  3,759,259

 

(1) The goodwill of the Packaging cash-generating unit is shown net of impairment loss in the amount of R$109,330, recognized in 2011.

 

(2) The goodwill and trademark that are recorded in line item intangible assets at long steel segment, those transactions are derived from the business combination of Stahlwerk Thuringen GmbH ("SWT") and Gallardo Sections CSN. The assets mentioned are considered to have indefinite useful lives as they are expected to contribute indefinitely to the Company's cash flows.

 

(3) Refers to the goodwill based on expectations for future profitability, resulting from the acquisition of Namisa by CSN Mineração concluded in December 2015, which recoverability is tested annually.

 

(4) On November 29, 2019, CSN acquired the stake held by CKTR Brasil Serviços Ltda., corresponding to 50% of CBSI's shares, and now holds 100% of CBSI's share capital.

 

The impairment testing of the goodwill and the trademark include the balance of property, plant and equipment of the cash-generating units and the intangible assets. The test is based on the comparison between the actual balances and the value in use of those units, determining based on the projections of discounted cash flows and use of such assumptions and judgements as: growth rate, costs and expenses, discount rate, working capital, future Capex investment and macroeconomic assumptions observable in the market.

 

The main assumptions used in the calculation of the value in use on December 31, 2020, are as follows :

 

 PackagingMiningOther SteelmakingFlat SteelLogistics
Measurement of recoverable valueDCFDCFDCFDCFDCF
Cash Flow ProjectionUntil 2030 + perpetuityUntil 2064Until 2030 + perpetuityUntil 2030 + perpetuityby 2027
Gross marginUpdate of gross margin based on historical data, incorporation of the impacts of business restructuring and market trends.It reflects projection of costs due to the progress of the mining plan as well as startup and project ramp up. Prices and exchange rates projected according to sectoral reports.Update of gross margin based on historical data and market trends.Update gross margin based on historical data and market trends.Estimated based on market study to capture cargo and operating costs according to market trend studies
 

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Update costsUpdate of costs based on historical data for each product and incorporation of the impacts of business restructuring.Update of costs based on historical data, progress of the mining plan as well as startup and project ramp upUpdate of costs based on historical data and market trends.Update of costs based on historical data and market trends.Study-based costs and market trends
Perpetuity growth rateNo growth.Without perpetuity.No growth.Growth of 1.4% per year in real terms, updated by long-term inflation of 1.7% per year in the Eurozone.Without perpetuity.
Discount RateFor packaging, cash flow was discounted using a discount rate of around 8% per year in real terms. For mining, flat steel and other steel (CBSI), cash flows were discounted using a discount rate between 7% to 9.5% pa in nominal terms. For logistics, cash flow was discounted using a discount rate between 5.87% to 6.40% pa in real terms. The discount rate was based on the weighted average cost of capital (“WACC”) which reflects the specific risk of each segment.

 

(*) refer to the assets of the subsidiary Lusosider, located in Portugal. The discount rate was applied to the discounted cash flow prepared in Euros, the functional currency of this subsidiary.

 

(**) refer to the assets of the subsidiary FTL - Ferrovia Transnordestina Logística SA

 

For the subsidiary SWT long steel, the measurement of recoverable value was based on fair value and classified as Level 3, based on unobservable inputs that reflect the assumptions that market participants would use for pricing, including risk assumptions and discount rate.

 

Based on the analyzes carried out by Management, it was not necessary to record impairment losses on the balances of these assets in the year ended December 31, 2020.

 

Accounting Policy

 

 

·Goodwill

 

Goodwill represents the positive difference between the amount paid and/or payable for the acquisition of a business and the net fair value of assets and liabilities of the subsidiary acquired. Goodwill on acquisitions in business combinations is recorded as intangible assets in the consolidated financial statements. The gain on bargain purchase is recorded as a gain in the income statement for the period of the acquisition. Goodwill is tested for impairment annually or at any time when circumstances indicate a possible loss. Recognized impairment losses on goodwill, if any, are not reversed. Gains and losses on the disposal of a Cash Generating Unit ("CGU"), if any, include the carrying amount of goodwill related to the CGU sold.

 

·Impairment of Non-financial Assets

 

Assets that have an indefinite useful life, such as goodwill, are not subject to amortization and are tested annually for impairment. Assets that are subject to amortization and/or depreciation, such as fixed assets and investment properties, are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. An impairment loss is recognized for the amount by which the asset's carrying amount exceeds its recoverable amount. The latter is the higher of an asset's fair value less costs to sell and its value in use. For impairment assessment purposes, assets are grouped at the lowest levels for which there are separately identifiable incoming cash flows (Cash Generating Units). Non-financial assets other than goodwill that have suffered impairment are reviewed subsequently each year for possible reversal of the impairment.

 

13.BORROWINGS AND FINANCING

 

The balances of loans, financing and debentures that are recorded at amortized cost are as follows:

 

(CONVENIENCE TRANSLATION INTO ENGLISH FROM THE ORIGINAL PREVIOUSLY ISSUED IN PORTUGUESE)

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   Consolidated Parent Company
    Current Liabilities   Noncurrent Liabilities   Current Liabilities  Noncurrent Liabilities 
   12/31/2020 12/31/2019 12/31/2020 12/31/2019 12/31/2020 12/31/201912/31/2020 12/31/2019
                 
Foreign Debt                
Floating rates:                
Prepayment (1) 1,119,558 1,769,975 3,457,105 2,563,928 1,118,415 1,769,0553,067,352 2,362,393
Fixed rates:                
Bonds, Perpetual bonds and Advance on foreign exchance contract (2) 426,676 2,047,032  19,898,213  10,177,517   31,969   52,986   
Intercompany          475,035 1,549,329 12,971,249 7,344,014
Fixed rates in EUR:                
Intercompany           9,132  6551,595,775 1,241,360
Facility  326,970 223,204 143,503 147,241       
   1,873,204 4,040,211  23,498,821  12,888,686 1,634,551 3,372,025 17,634,376  10,947,767
                 
Debt agreements in Brazil                
Securities with variable interest in R$:                
BNDES/FINAME, Debentures, NCE and CCB (3) 2,282,279 1,086,985 7,716,307  10,049,783 2,234,683 1,026,2306,838,197 8,799,642
Securities with fixed interest in R$:                
Intercompany       25,038         18,423   25,0380 27,507
   2,282,279 1,112,023 7,716,307  10,049,783 2,253,106 1,051,2686,838,197 8,827,149
Total Borrowings and Financing  4,155,483 5,152,234  31,215,128  22,938,469 3,887,657 4,423,293 24,472,573  19,774,916
Transaction Costs and Issue Premiums   (29,030)  (26,391)  (70,928)  (97,276)  (29,164)  (26,453) (48,820)  (72,296)
Total Borrowings and Financing + Transaction cost  4,126,453 5,125,843 31,144,200 22,841,193 3,858,493 4,396,84024,423,753 19,702,620

 

(1)In 2020, the Company renegotiated part of the Prepayment debt in the total amount of U$311 million, postponing part of the maturities of 2020 and 2021 to 2022.

 

(2)In 2020, the Company issued debt securities representing the foreign market (“Notes”), through its subsidiary CSN Inova Ventures, with maturity in 2028 and interest rate of 6.75% per year, totaling US$1, 3 billion, of which US$1 billion in January and US$300 million in November. Additionally, we used US$263 million in the repurchase offer (“Tender Offer”) of the Notes issued by CSN Resources SA in January 2020. All Notes mentioned above are unconditionally and irrevocably guaranteed by the Company.

 

(3)In June 2020, the Company renegotiated a debt rollover with Caixa Econômica Federal in the amount of R$300 million, shifting the maturities of 2020 to the years 2021, 2022 and 2023.

 

 

The following table shows the average interest rate:

 

    Consolidated   Parent Company
    12/31/2020   12/31/2020
  Average interest rate (i) Total debt Average interest rate (i) Total debt
US$ 6.63%   24,901,552 3.18%  17,664,020
EUR 1.50%  470,473 3.88%   1,604,907
R$ 2.82%  9,998,586 2.77%   9,091,303
      35,370,611    28,360,230

 

(i)To determine the average interest rate on debt contracts with floating rates, the Company used the rates applied on December 31, 2020. In the Parent Company, it considers the interest rate of the contracts intercompany .

 

 

 

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13.a)Maturities of loans, financing and debentures presented in current and non-current liabilities

 

      Consolidated     Parent Company
      12/31/2020     12/31/2020
      Principal     Principal
  Borrowings and financing in foreign currency Borrowings and financing in national currency Total Borrowings and financing in foreign currency Borrowings and financing in national currency Total
2021  1,873,204  2,282,279  4,155,483  1,634,551  2,253,106   3,887,657
2022  2,683,224  2,859,423  5,542,647  6,213,799  2,531,166   8,744,965
2023  5,567,133  3,036,338  8,603,471  1,580,804  2,686,310   4,267,114
2024  178,033  1,238,275  1,416,308  4,395,831  1,038,460   5,434,291
2025     68,595 68,595  929,461 68,586  998,047
2026  3,118,021   68,587  3,186,608  1,627,317 68,587   1,695,904
After 2026  6,755,710  445,089  7,200,799  2,887,164  445,088   3,332,252
Perpetual bonds  5,196,700    5,196,700       
    25,372,025  9,998,586 35,370,611   19,268,927  9,091,303 28,360,230

 

13.b)Borrowing and amortization, financing and debentures

 

The following table shows amortization and funding during the year:

 

    Consolidated   Parent Company
  12/31/2020 12/31/2019 12/31/2020 12/31/2019
Opening balance   27,967,036  28,827,074  24,099,460   24,161,596
New debts 8,116,247  10,149,381   2,502,457 6,798,683
Repayment   (6,448,658) (11,775,093)  (2,907,845)   (7,431,176)
Payments of charges   (1,922,130)   (2,039,112)  (1,051,557)   (1,400,496)
Accrued charges (Note 28) 2,002,052 1,996,305   1,012,750 1,376,862
Consolidation of CBSI    19,722   
Others  (1) 5,556,106   788,759   4,626,981 593,991
Closing balance   35,270,653  27,967,036  28,282,246   24,099,460

 

1.Including unrealized exchange and monetary variations and funding cost.

 

In 2020, the Company entered into new debt agreements and amortized borrowings as shown below:

 

·   Funding and Amortization

 

      Consolidated
      12/31/2020
Nature New debts Repayment Interest payment
 Prepayment  177,420   (1,028,606)   (245,125)
 Bonds, Perpetual bonds, ACC, CCE and Facility  7,917,929   (4,458,888)   (1,237,396)
 BNDES/FINAME, Debentures, NCE and CCB    20,898   (961,164)   (439,609)
  8,116,247   (6,448,658)   (1,922,130)

 

·   Covenants

 

The Company is compliant with its financial and non-financial obligations (covenants).

 

Accounting Policy

 

Borrowings and financing are initially recognized at fair value, net of transaction costs and subsequently measured at amortized cost using the effective interest and charge methods. Interest, commissions and possible financial charges are recorded pro-rata on an accrual basis.

 

 

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The Company's debt agreements establish the fulfillment of certain non-financial obligations, as well as maintenance of certain parameters and performance indicators, such as disclosure of its audited financial statements according to regulatory deadlines or payment of commission on risk assumption if certain financial indicators are triggered.

 

14.FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS

 

I - Identification and valuation of financial instruments

 

The Company may operate with several financial instruments, with emphasis on cash and cash equivalents, including financial investments, marketable securities, accounts receivable from customers, accounts payable to suppliers and borrowings and financing. Additionally, we may also operate with derivative financial instruments, such as swap exchange rate, swap interest and derivatives with commodities.

 

Considering the nature of the instruments, the fair value is basically determined by the use of quotations in the capital markets in Brazil and the Mercantile and Futures Exchange. The amounts recorded in current assets and liabilities have immediate liquidity. Considering the term and characteristics of these instruments, fair values do not differ from the recorded amounts.

 

 

 

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·Classification of financial instruments

 

Consolidated     12/31/2020   12/31/2019
 Notes Fair value through profit or loss Measured at amortized cost Balances Fair value through profit or loss Measured at amortized cost Balances
       
Assets              
Current              
Cash and cash equivalents   4    9,944,586   9,944,586    1,088,955   1,088,955
Short-term investments   5  3,305,109  478,253   3,783,362  2,114,620  518,553   2,633,173
Trade receivables   6    2,867,352   2,867,352    2,047,931   2,047,931
Dividends and interest on equity    9   38,088 38,088   44,554 44,554
Derivative financial instruments   9         1,364     1,364
Trading securities   9  5,065     5,065  4,034     4,034
Total    3,310,174   13,328,279 16,638,453  2,120,018  3,699,993   5,820,011
               
Non-current              
Investments   5    123,409  123,409   95,719 95,719
Other trade receivables   9    2,445   2,445    7,059   7,059
Eletrobrás compulsory loan   9    852,532  852,532    845,284  845,284
Receivables by indemnity   9    517,183  517,183       
Loans - related parties   9    966,050  966,050    846,300  846,300
Investments 10 59,879   59,879 47,300   47,300
Derivative financial instruments   9         4,203     4,203
Total   59,879  2,461,619   2,521,498 51,503  1,794,362   1,845,865
               
Total Assets    3,370,053   15,789,898 19,159,951  2,171,521  5,494,355   7,665,876
               
Liabilities                
Current              
Borrowings and financing  13    4,155,483   4,155,483    5,152,234   5,152,234
Trade payables 17    4,819,539   4,819,539    3,012,654   3,012,654
Trade payables -  drawee risk 15    623,861  623,861    1,121,312   1,121,312
Dividends and interest on equity 15    946,133  946,133   13,252 13,252
Leases 16   93,626 93,626   35,040 35,040
Derivative financial instruments    8,722     8,722       
Total    8,722   10,638,642 10,647,364    9,334,492   9,334,492
               
Non-current              
Borrowings and financing  13     31,215,128 31,215,128     22,938,469 22,938,469
Trade payables 17    543,527  543,527       
Derivative financial instruments   97,535   97,535       
Leases 16    436,505  436,505    439,350  439,350
Total   97,535   32,195,160 32,292,695     23,377,819 23,377,819
               
Total Liabilities    106,257   42,833,802 42,940,059     32,712,311 32,712,311

 

 

(CONVENIENCE TRANSLATION INTO ENGLISH FROM THE ORIGINAL PREVIOUSLY ISSUED IN PORTUGUESE)

Annual Financial Statements - December 31, 2020 – CIA SIDERURGICA NACIONAL

Version: 1

 

    Parent Company
Parent Company     12/31/2020   12/31/2019
 Notes Fair value through profit or loss Measured at amortized cost Balances Fair value through profit or loss Measured at amortized cost Balances
       
Assets              
Current              
Cash and cash equivalents   4    4,647,125   4,647,125    392,107  392,107
Short-term investments   5  3,305,109  475,782   3,780,891  2,114,620  481,804   2,596,424
Trade receivables   6    1,549,703   1,549,703    1,691,643   1,691,643
Dividends and interest on equity    9    329,413  329,413   33,447 33,447
Trading securities   9  4,927     4,927  3,875     3,875
Loans - related parties   9   53,718 53,718       
Total    3,310,036  7,055,741 10,365,777  2,118,495  2,599,001   4,717,496
                 
Non-current                
Investments   5    123,409  123,409   95,719 95,719
Other trade receivables   9    1,003   1,003    1,109   1,109
Eletrobrás compulsory loan   9    851,713  851,713    844,438  844,438
Receivables by indemnity   9    517,183  517,183       
Loans - related parties   9    1,007,677   1,007,677    883,394  883,394
Investments 10 59,879   59,879 47,300   47,300
Derivative financial instruments   9         4,203     4,203
Total   59,879  2,500,985   2,560,864 51,503  1,824,660   1,876,163
               
Total Assets    3,369,915  9,556,726 12,926,641  2,169,998  4,423,661   6,593,659
               
Liabilities                
Current                
Borrowings and financing  13    3,887,657   3,887,657    4,423,293   4,423,293
Trade payables 17    4,133,089   4,133,089    2,506,244   2,506,244
Trade payables -  drawee risk 15    623,861  623,861    1,121,312   1,121,312
Dividends and interest on equity 15    901,983  901,983   13,252 13,252
Leases 16   26,546 26,546   17,269 17,269
Total      9,573,136   9,573,136    8,081,370   8,081,370
               
Non-current                
Borrowings and financing  13     24,472,573 24,472,573     19,774,916 19,774,916
Trade payables 17    376,753  376,753       
Derivative financial instruments   97,535   97,535       
Leases 16   40,561 40,561   28,671 28,671
Total   97,535   24,889,887 24,987,422     19,803,587 19,803,587
               
Total Liabilities   97,535   34,463,023 34,560,558     27,884,957 27,884,957

 

·Fair value measurement

 

The table below shows the financial instruments recorded at fair value through profit or loss, classifying them according to the fair value hierarchy:

 

 

(CONVENIENCE TRANSLATION INTO ENGLISH FROM THE ORIGINAL PREVIOUSLY ISSUED IN PORTUGUESE)

Annual Financial Statements - December 31, 2020 – CIA SIDERURGICA NACIONAL

Version: 1

 

 

Consolidated     12/31/2020     12/31/2019
 Level 1 Level 2 Balances Level 1 Level 2 Balances
Assets            
Current            
Financial assets at fair value through profit or loss            
Financial investments 3,305,109   3,305,109 2,114,620   2,114,620
Derivative financial instruments         1,364 1,364
Trading securities  5,065   5,065  4,034   4,034
Non-current            
Financial assets at fair value through profit or loss            
Investments   59,879    59,879   47,300    47,300
Derivative financial instruments         4,203 4,203
Total Assets 3,370,053   3,370,053 2,165,954  5,567 2,171,521
             
Liabilities            
Current            
Financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss            
Derivative financial instruments    8,722 8,722     
Non-current            
Financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss            
Derivative financial instruments     97,535  97,535     
Total Liabilities   106,257   106,257     

 

 

Level 1 - Data are prices quoted in an active market for items identical to the assets and liabilities being measured.

 

Level 2 - Consider inputs observable in the market, such as interest rates, exchange rates, etc., but are not prices negotiated in active markets.

 

There are no assets or liabilities classified as level 3.

 

II - Investments in securities valued at fair value through profit or loss

 

The Company has common shares (USIM3), preferred shares (USIM5) of Usiminas (“Usiminas shares”) and shares of Panatlântica SA (PATI3), which are designated as fair value through profit or loss.

 

Usiminas shares are classified as current assets in financial investments and Panatlântica shares are classified as non-current assets under the investment item. They are recorded at fair value (fair value), based on the market price quote in B3.

 

In accordance with the Company’s policy, the gains and losses arising from the variation in the share price are recorded directly in the income statement as financial result in the case of financial investments, or as other operating income and expenses in the case of long-term investments.

 

 

Class of shares 12/31/2020 12/31/2019 12/31/2020 12/31/2019
 Quantity Equity interest (%) Share price Closing Balance Quantity Equity interest (%) Share price Closing Balance Fair value adjustment recognized in profit or loss (note 27 and 28)
USIM3 107,156,651 15.19%   15.69   1,681,288 107,156,651 15.19%  9.87  1,057,636   623,652  (168,236)
USIM5 111,144,456 20.29%   14.61   1,623,821 111,144,456 20.29%  9.51  1,056,984   566,837  32,232
          3,305,109        2,114,620   1,190,489  (136,004)
PATI3  2,065,529 11.31%   28.99 59,879  2,065,529 11.31%   22.90   47,300  12,579  17,224
          3,364,988        2,161,920   1,203,068  (118,780)

 

III - Financial risk management:

 

The Company uses risk management strategies with guidance on the risks incurred by us. The nature and general position of financial risks are regularly monitored and managed in order to assess results and the financial impact on cash flow. Credit limits and hedge quality of counterparties are also reviewed periodically.

 

 

(CONVENIENCE TRANSLATION INTO ENGLISH FROM THE ORIGINAL PREVIOUSLY ISSUED IN PORTUGUESE)

Annual Financial Statements - December 31, 2020 – CIA SIDERURGICA NACIONAL

Version: 1

Market risks are hedged when we consider necessary to support the corporate strategy or when it is necessary to maintain the level of financial flexibility.

 

We are exposed to exchange rate, interest rate, market price and liquidity risks.

 

The Company may manage some of the risks through the use of derivative instruments not associated with any speculative trading or short selling.

 

14.a)Exchange rate, market price and interest rate risk:

 

·Exchange rate risk

 

The exposure arises from the existence of assets and liabilities denominated in Dollar or Euro, since the Company’s functional currency is substantially the Real and is called natural exchange exposure. The net exposure is the result of the offsetting of the natural exchange exposure by the instruments of hedge adopted by CSN.

 

The consolidated net exposure as of December 31, 2020 is shown below:

 

    12/31/2020
Foreign Exchange Exposure (Amounts in US$’000) (Amounts in €’000)
Cash and cash equivalents overseas 664,951 13,372
Trade receivables 387,039   2,560
Financial investments   23,748   
 Other assets   9,158   4,474
Total Assets  1,084,896 20,406
Borrowings and financing  (4,812,268)   
Trade payables   (139,672)  (9,258)
Iron ore derivative (172)   
Other liabilities (9,305)  (1,010)
Total Liabilities (4,961,417)   (10,268)
Foreign exchange exposure (3,876,521) 10,138
Cash flow hedge accounting  3,992,200   
Exchange rate swap CDI x Dollar   (67,000)   
Net foreign exchange exposure   48,679 10,138

 

CSN uses as a strategy the Hedge Accounting, as well as derivative financial instruments to protect future cash flows.

 

Sensitivity analysis of Derivative Financial Instruments and Consolidated Foreign Exchange Exposure

 

The Company considered scenarios 1 and 2 to be 25% and 50% deterioration for currency volatility, using the exchange rate closing rate as of December 31, 2020 as a reference.

 

The currencies used in the sensitivity analysis and their respective scenarios are shown below:

 

        12/31/2020
Currency Exchange rate Probable scenario Scenario 1 Scenario 2
USD 5.1967   5.2617   6.4959 7.7951
EUR 6.3779   6.3867   7.9724 9.5669
USD x EUR 1.2271   1.2124   1.5339 1.8407

 

The effects on the result, considering scenarios 1 and 2 are shown below:

 

 

(CONVENIENCE TRANSLATION INTO ENGLISH FROM THE ORIGINAL PREVIOUSLY ISSUED IN PORTUGUESE)

Annual Financial Statements - December 31, 2020 – CIA SIDERURGICA NACIONAL

Version: 1

 

          12/31/2020
Instruments Notional Risk Probable scenario (*) R$
 Scenario 1 R$ Scenario 2 R$
           
Gross exchange position   (3,876,521) Dollar (251,974)  (5,036,279) (10,072,558)
           
Cash flow hedge accounting 3,992,200 Dollar  259,493   5,186,566  10,373,133
           
Exchange rate swap CDI x Dollar  (67,000) Dollar (4,355) (87,045)  (174,089)
           
Net exchange position  48,679 Dollar  3,164  63,242   126,486
           
Net exchange position  10,138 Euro 89  16,165  32,330
           
Exchange rate swap Dollar x Euro   40,697 Dollar  5,264  50,134  78,337

 

(*) The probable scenarios were calculated considering the following variations for risks: Real x Dollar - devaluation of the Real by 1.25% / Real x Euro - devaluation of the Real by 0.14% / Euro x Dollar - appreciation of Euro by 1.20%. Source: Central Bank of Brazil and European Central Bank quotations on 1/14/2021.

 

·Stock market price risks

 

The Company is exposed to the risk of changes in share prices due to investments valued at fair value through the result that are quoted based on the market price at B3.

 

Sensitivity analysis for stock price risks

 

We present below the sensitivity analysis for share price risks. The Company considered scenarios 1 and 2 to be 25% and 50% devaluation in the share price using the closing price on December 31, 2020 as a reference. The probable scenario considered a 5% devaluation in the share price.

 

The effects on the result, considering the probable scenarios, 1 and 2 are shown below:

 

    12/31/2020
Class of shares Probable scenario Scenario 1 Scenario 2
 USIM3   (84,064)   (420,322)   (840,644)
 USIM5   (81,191)   (405,955)   (811,910)
 PATI3  (2,994)  (14,970)  (29,940)

 

·Interest rate risk:

 

This risk arises from financial investments, borrowings and financing and debentures linked to the fixed and floating interest rates of the CDI, TJLP and Libor, exposing these financial assets and liabilities to interest rate fluctuations as shown in the sensitivity analysis table below.

 

Sensitivity analysis of changes in interest rates

 

We present below the sensitivity analysis for interest rate risks. The Company considered scenarios 1 and 2 to be 25% and 50% deterioration for interest rate volatility using the closing rate as of December 31, 2020 as a reference.

 

The interest rates used in the sensitivity analysis and their respective scenarios are shown below:

 

 

(CONVENIENCE TRANSLATION INTO ENGLISH FROM THE ORIGINAL PREVIOUSLY ISSUED IN PORTUGUESE)

Annual Financial Statements - December 31, 2020 – CIA SIDERURGICA NACIONAL

Version: 1

 

      12/31/2020
Interest Interest rate Scenario 1 Scenario 2
CDI 1.90% 2.38% 2.85%
TJLP 4.55% 5.69% 6.83%
LIBOR 0.26% 0.32% 0.39%

 

The effects on the result, considering scenarios 1 and 2 are shown below:

 

            Consolidated
          Impact on profit or loss
Changes in interest rates % p.y Assets Liabilities Probable scenario (*)
 Scenario 1 Scenario 2
CDI 1.90   5,779,452   (9,104,416)  (10,673)   (15,794)   (31,588)
TJLP 4.55     (817,374) (2,155) (9,298)   (18,596)
Libor 0.26     (4,533,341)  (43,321) (2,920) (5,840)

(*) The sensitivity analysis is based on the premise of maintaining the market values as of December 31, 2020 as a probable scenario recorded in the company’s assets and liabilities.

 

·Market price risk:

 

The Company is also exposed to market risks related to the volatility of commodity and input prices. In line with its risk management policy, risk mitigation strategies involving commodities can be used to reduce cash flow volatility. These mitigation strategies may incorporate derivative instruments, predominantly forward transactions, futures and options.

 

Sensitivity analysis for price risks “Platts index”

 

Below we present the sensitivity analysis for price risks. The Company considered scenarios 1 and 2 to be 25% and 50% increase in the index “Platts” using the closing price as of December 31, 2020 as a reference.

 

The effects on the result, considering scenarios 1 and 2 are shown below:

 

  12/31/2020
 Maturity   Probable scenario (*) R$
 
  Scenario 1 R$   Scenario 2 R$ 
2/2/2021              (33,677)         (120,262)          (240,524)
3/2/2021              (43,144)         (127,915)          (255,830)
               (76,821)         (248,177)          (496,354)

(*) The probable scenario was calculated considering the quotation of “ Platts ”On 1/14/2021 for the maturities of 2/2/2021 and 3/2/2021. Source: Bloomberg.

 

In item 14.b), we show derivatives and hedging strategies to hedge against exchange and price risks and hedge price risk. Platts.

 

14.b)Instruments protection: Derivatives and Hedge accounting cash flow and net investment hedge in foreign subsidiaries

 

CSN uses instruments to hedge against exchange rate risk, price risk Platts and interest rate risk, as shown in the following topics:

 

· Derivative financial instruments portfolio position

 

Swap exchange rate Dollar x Euro

 

The subsidiary Lusosider has derivative transactions to hedge its dollar exposure against the euro.

 

 

(CONVENIENCE TRANSLATION INTO ENGLISH FROM THE ORIGINAL PREVIOUSLY ISSUED IN PORTUGUESE)

Annual Financial Statements - December 31, 2020 – CIA SIDERURGICA NACIONAL

Version: 1

Swap exchange rate GBP (British Pound) x Euro

 

The subsidiary Lusosider had derivative transactions to hedge its GBP exposure against the euro, it was settled in the third quarter of 2020.

 

Swap exchange rate CDI x Dollar

 

The Company has derivative transactions with Banco Bradesco to protect its debt in NCE raised in September 2019 with maturity in October 2023 in the amount of US$67 million (equivalent to R $ 278 million) at a cost compatible with that usually practiced by the Company.

 

              Consolidated
              12/31/2020
        Appreciation (R$) Fair value (market) Impact on financial income (expenses) in 2020
Counterparties Maturity Functional Currency Notional amount Asset position Liability position Amounts receivable / (payable) 
Exchange rate swap Dollar x Euro  04/26/2021 to 06/08/2021 Dollar  17,377   90,315   (93,823) (3,508)  (4,749)
Exchange rate swap Dollar x Euro  01/06/2021 a 06/11/2021 Dollar  23,320 121,207 (125,528) (4,321)  (4,321)
Total dollar-to-euro swap      40,697 211,522 (219,351) (7,829)  (9,070)
               
Exchange rate swap GBP x Euro  Settled GBP 3,956         (602)
Total Swap GBP x Euro   3,956         (602)
               
Exchange rate swap CDI x Dollar  02/10/2023 Dollar (67,000) 289,544 (387,079)  (97,535) (106,143)
Total Swap CDI x dollar     (67,000) 289,544 (387,079)  (97,535) (106,143)
               
    501,066 (606,430)   (105,364) (115,815)

·Cash flow hedge accounting

 

Foreign exchange hedge accounting

 

The Company formally designates relations of hedge of cash flows to protect highly probable future flows exposed to the dollar related to sales made in dollars.

 

With the objective of better reflecting the accounting effects of the hedge exchange rate in the result, CSN designated part of its dollar liabilities as an instrument of hedge future exports. As a result, the exchange rate variation resulting from the designated liabilities will be transiently recorded in shareholders’ equity and will be reflected in the income statement when said exports occur, thus allowing the recognition of dollar fluctuations on liabilities and on exports to be recorded at the same time. It is noteworthy that the adoption of this accounting hedge it does not imply the contracting of any financial instrument.

 

The table below presents a summary of the relations of hedge as of December 31, 2020:

 

 

(CONVENIENCE TRANSLATION INTO ENGLISH FROM THE ORIGINAL PREVIOUSLY ISSUED IN PORTUGUESE)

Annual Financial Statements - December 31, 2020 – CIA SIDERURGICA NACIONAL

Version: 1

 

                  12/31/2020
Designation Date Hedging Instrument Hedged item Type of hedged risk Hedged period Exchange rate on designation Designated amounts (US$’000) Amortizated part (USD'000) Effect on Result (*) (R$'000) Impact on Shareholders' equity (R$'000)
12/18/2014 Export prepayments in US$ to third parties Part of the highly probable future monthly iron ore exports Foreign exchange - R$ vs. US$ spot rate  May 2020  2.6805  30,000   (30,000)   (82,374)  -
12/18/2014 Export prepayments in US$ to third parties Part of the highly probable future monthly iron ore exports Foreign exchange - R$ vs. US$ spot rate  May 2020  2.678  35,000   (35,000)   (96,190)  -
12/18/2014 Export prepayments in US$ to third parties Part of the highly probable future monthly iron ore exports Foreign exchange - R$ vs. US$ spot rate  May 2020  2.676  35,000   (35,000)   (96,261)  -
07/21/2015 Export prepayments in US$ to third parties Part of the highly probable future monthly iron ore exports Foreign exchange - R$ vs. US$ spot rate  July 2019 - March 2021  3.1813  60,000   (45,000)   (58,475)   (30,231)
07/23/2015 Export prepayments in US$ to third parties Part of the highly probable future monthly iron ore exports Foreign exchange - R$ vs. US$ spot rate  July 2019 - March 2021  3.285 100,000   (75,000)   (92,026)   (47,793)
07/23/2015 Export prepayments in US$ to third parties Part of the highly probable future monthly iron ore exports Foreign exchange - R$ vs. US$ spot rate  August 2018 - October 2022  3.285  30,000   (18,000)   (14,185)   (22,940)
07/24/2015 Export prepayments in US$ to third parties Part of the highly probable future monthly iron ore exports Foreign exchange - R$ vs. US$ spot rate  August 2018 - October 2022  3.3254 100,000   (60,000)   (46,474)   (74,852)
07/27/2015 Export prepayments in US$ to third parties Part of the highly probable future monthly iron ore exports Foreign exchange - R$ vs. US$ spot rate  August 2018 - October 2022  3.3557  25,000   (15,000)   (11,467)   (18,410)
07/27/2015 Export prepayments in US$ to third parties Part of the highly probable future monthly iron ore exports Foreign exchange - R$ vs. US$ spot rate  August 2018 - October 2022  3.3557  70,000   (42,000)   (32,108)   (51,548)
07/27/2015 Export prepayments in US$ to third parties Part of the highly probable future monthly iron ore exports Foreign exchange - R$ vs. US$ spot rate  August 2018 - October 2022  3.3557  30,000   (18,000)   (13,760)   (22,092)
07/28/2015 Export prepayments in US$ to third parties Part of the highly probable future monthly iron ore exports Foreign exchange - R$ vs. US$ spot rate  August 2018 - October 2022  3.3815  30,000   (18,000)   (13,605)   (21,782)
3/8/2015 Export prepayments in US$ to third parties Part of the highly probable future monthly iron ore exports Foreign exchange - R$ vs. US$ spot rate  July 2018 - October 2022  3.394 355,000 (276,500) (338,777)  (141,512)
2/4/2018 Bonds Part of the highly probable future monthly iron ore exports Foreign exchange - R$ vs. US$ spot rate  July 2018 - February 2023  3.3104 1,170,045 (820,045) (306,189)  (660,205)
07/31/2019 Bonds and Export prepayments in US$ to third parties Part of the highly probable future monthly iron ore exports Foreign exchange - R$ vs. US$ spot rate  January 2020 - April 2026  3.7649 1,342,761 (247,061) (329,966)  (1,568,823)
10/1/2020 Bonds without express maturity and Export prepayments in US$ to third parties Part of the highly probable future monthly iron ore exports Foreign exchange - R$ vs. US$ spot rate  March 2020 - December 2050  4.0745 1,416,000 (102,000) (136,029)  (1,474,571)
01/28/2020 Bonds Part of the highly probable future monthly iron ore exports Foreign exchange - R$ vs. US$ spot rate  March 2017 - January 2028  4.2064 1,000,000 - -  (990,299)
Total           5,828,806 (1,836,606) (1,667,886)  (5,125,058)

(*) On December 31, 2020, the amount of (R $ 1,667,886) was recorded in Other Operating Expenses. As of December 31, 2019, (R $ 790,353).

 

In the hedging relationships described above, the amounts of the debt instruments were fully designated for equivalent iron ore export portions.

 

The changes in the hedge accounting amounts recognized in shareholders’ equity as of December 31, 2020 are as follows:

 

 

       Consolidated
 12/31/2019 Movement Realization 12/31/2020
Cash flow hedge accounting 1,255,770   5,537,174  (1,667,886)   5,125,058

 

The realization of Hedge accounting cash flow is recognized in Other operating income and expenses, note 27.

 

As of December 31, 2020, the hedging relationships established by the Company were effective according to the retrospective and prospective tests performed. Thus, no reversal for hedge accounting ineffectiveness was recognized.

 

Cash flow hedge accounting - “Platts” index

 

The Company has iron ore derivative instruments, entered into by its subsidiary CSN Mineração S.A., in order to reduce the volatility of its exposure to the commodity.

 

 

(CONVENIENCE TRANSLATION INTO ENGLISH FROM THE ORIGINAL PREVIOUSLY ISSUED IN PORTUGUESE)

Annual Financial Statements - December 31, 2020 – CIA SIDERURGICA NACIONAL

Version: 1

The Company formally designated the hedge relationship and, consequently, applied the hedge accounting with the derivative instrument designated as hedging instrument and the Platts index applicable to a portion of its highly probable future sales of iron ore was designated as the hedged item. Accordingly, fluctuations of the “Platts” index will be initially recorded in theshareholders’ equity as Other Comprehensive Income and will be reclassified to the income statement when the referred sales occur.

 

The table below shows the result of the derivative instrument on December 31, 2020 recognized in Other Comprehensive Income and, when carrying out shipments, the amount reclassified to Other Operating Income and Expenses:

 

 

        12/31/2020     12/31/2020
     Appreciation (R$)   Fair value (market)   Other income and expenses   Other comprehensive income   Exchange variation 
 Maturity   Notional   Asset position   Liability position   Amounts receivable / (payable)    
09/02/2020 (Settled)  Platts            (31,678)    (136)
10/02/2020 (Settled)  Platts          (132,997)    (9,051)
11/04/2020 (Settled)  Platts            (85,164)    (7,301)
12/02/2020 (Settled)  Platts            (33,310)      52
2/2/2021  Platts   486,852 (493,925) (7,073)     (6,888) (185)
2/3/2021  Platts   527,684 (521,504)  6,180      6,063  117
     1,014,536 (1,015,429) (893) (283,149) (825)  (16,504)

 

The change in the amounts related to cash flow hedge accounting - “Platts” index recorded in shareholders’ equity on December 31, 2020 is shown as follows:

 

 12/31/2019 Movement Realization 12/31/2020
Cash flow hedge accounting  –  “Platts”    283,974 (283,149)  825
 Income tax and social contribution on cash flow hedge accounting  (96,551) 96,271 (280)
Fair Value of cash flow accounting - Platts, net    187,423 (186,878)  545

 

Cash flow hedge accounting - index “Platts” has been fully effective since the inception of the derivative instruments.

 

The Company prepares formal documentation indicating how the designation of the hedge accounting cash flow - “Platts” index is aligned with CSN’s risk management objective and strategy, identifying the hedging instruments used, the hedged item, the nature of the risk to be hedged and demonstrating the effectiveness of the hedge relationships, debt instruments and iron ore derivative instruments (index “Platts”) in amounts equivalent to the portion of future sales, comparing the designated amounts with the expected values in accordance with its budgets.

 

Accounting Policy

 

The Company adopts the hedge accounting and designates certain financial liabilities as hedging instruments for foreign exchange commodity price risks (“Platts” index) associated with expected cash flows from highly probable exports (cash flow hedge).

 

The Company documents, at the beginning of the operation, the relationships between hedging instruments and hedged items as well as the objectives of risk management and the strategy for carrying out these hedging relationships. In addition, we document our assessment at the beginning of the hedging relationship, as well as during the life of the hedge to monitor the hedge effectiveness.

 

The amounts accumulated in net equity are realized to the operating results in the periods the forecasted exports affect the result.

 

When a hedge instrument expires or is settled in advance, or the hedge relationship no longer meets the Hedge Accounting or even when management decides to discontinue the hedging relationship, any accumulated gain or loss existing in net equity remains recorded in equity and, therefrom exchange rate changes are recorded in the financial results. When a forecast operation is no longer expected to occur, the cumulative gain or loss that had been previously recorded in shareholders’ equity is immediately transferred to the income statement under “Other Operating Income and Expense”.

 

(CONVENIENCE TRANSLATION INTO ENGLISH FROM THE ORIGINAL PREVIOUSLY ISSUED IN PORTUGUESE)

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·Net investment hedge in foreign subsidiaries

 

CSN has a natural foreign exchange exposure in Euros substantially arising from a loan made by a foreign subsidiary with functional currency in Reais, for the acquisition of investments abroad whose functional currency is Euro. Such exposure arises from translating the balance sheets of these subsidiaries for consolidation in CSN, and the exchange rate of the loans affected the income statement in the financial result item and the exchange variation of the net assets of the foreign operation directly affected the equity in other comprehensive income.

 

In order to eliminate this exposure and cover future fluctuations in the Euro on these loans, non-derivative financial liabilities were designated, represented by loan contracts with financial institutions in the amount of € 120 million which matured on January 31, 2020, when was settled financially..

 

              12/31/2020
Designation Date Hedging Instrument Hedged item Type of hedged risk Exchange rate on designation Designated amounts (EUR'000) Amortized installments (US$) Impact on shareholders' equity
09/30/2015 Non-derivative financial liabilities in EUR – Debt contract Investments in subsidiaries which EUR is the functional currency Foreign exchange - R$ vs. EUR spot rate 4.0825 120,000 (120,000)   6,293
Total         120,000 (120,000)   6,293

 

Accounting Policy

 

The Company designates for the hedge of net investment a portion of its financial liabilities as an instrument of hedge of its investments abroad with a functional currency other than the Group’s currency in accordance with CPC38/IAS39. This relationship occurs because financial liabilities are related to investments in the amounts necessary for the effective relationship.

 

The Company documents, at the beginning of the operation, the relationships between the hedge and objects protected by hedge, as well as the objectives of risk management and the strategy for carrying out credit operations. hedge. The Company also documents its assessment, both at the beginning of the hedge as on a continuous basis, that the operations of hedge are highly effective in compensating for variations in items protected by hedge.

 

The effective part of the changes in the fair value of the financial liabilities designated and qualified as hedge of net investment is recognized in shareholders’ equity, under the caption Hedge Accounting. Gains or losses related to the ineffective part are recognized in Other Operating Income and Expense, when applicable. If at any point of the hedge relationship the debt balance is higher than the investment balance, the exchange variation on the excess debt will be reclassified to the income statement as other operating income / expenses (ineffectiveness of the hedge).

 

The amounts accumulated in net equity will be realized in the income statement upon a total or partial sale of the foreign operation.

·Classification of derivatives in the balance sheet and income

 

            12/31/2020 12/31/2019
Instruments Liabilities Other operating income expenses Other comprehensive income Financial income (expenses), net (note 28)
 Current Non-current Total   
Exchange rate swap Dollar x Euro  (7,829)      (7,829)      (9,070)  783
Exchange rate swap GBP x Euro             (602)  
Exchange rate swap CDI x Dollar      (97,535) (97,535)        (106,143)  4,203
Iron ore derivative   (893)      (893) (283,149)  (825)  (16,504)  
  (8,722)   (97,535)  (106,257) (283,149)  (825)   (132,319)  4,986

 

14.c)Liquidity risk

 

It is the risk that the Company may not have sufficient net funds to settle its financial commitments, as a result of the mismatch of term or volume between expected receipts and payments.

 

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Future receipt and payment premises are established to manage cash liquidity in domestic and foreign currencies, which are monitored on a day-to-day basis by the Treasury Department. The payment schedules for long-term installments of borrowings and financing and debentures are presented in note 13.

 

The following are the contractual maturities of financial liabilities including interest.

 

         Consolidated
At December 31, 2020Less than one year From one to two years From two to five years Over five years Total
Borrowings, financing and debentures (note 13)4,155,483  14,146,118 4,671,511  12,397,499  35,370,611
Lease Liabilities (note 16) 93,626 143,227 115,398 177,880 530,131
Derivative financial instruments (note 14 I)8,722   97,535  106,257
Trade payables (note 17)4,819,539 528,551  14,976  5,363,066
Trade payables – Drawee risk (note 14 I)623,861    623,861
Dividends and interest on equity (note 15)946,133    946,133
Total 10,647,364  14,817,896 4,899,420  12,575,379  42,940,059

 

IV - Fair values of assets and liabilities in relation to the book value

 

Financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value through profit or loss are recorded in current and non-current assets and liabilities and gains and losses are recorded as financial income and expenses, respectively.

 

The amounts are recorded in the financial statements at their amortized cost, which are substantially similar to those that would be obtained if they were traded on the market. The fair values of other long-term assets and liabilities do not differ significantly from their book values, except for the amounts below.

 

The estimated fair value for certain consolidated long-term borrowings and financing was calculated at current market rates, considering the nature, term and risks similar to those of the registered contracts, as follows:

 

   12/31/2020   12/31/2019
 Closing Balance Fair value Closing Balance Fair value
Perpetual bonds 5,203,773  5,157,465  4,036,186  3,706,553
Fixed Rate Notes  15,067,341 15,744,067  8,090,297  8,345,471

 

Source: Bloomberg

 

14.d)Credit risk

 

The exposure to credit risks of financial institutions complies with the parameters established in the financial policy. The Company practices a detailed analysis of the financial position of its customers and suppliers, the determination of a credit limit and the permanent monitoring of its outstanding balance.

 

With respect to financial investments, the Company only invests in institutions with low credit risk assessed by credit rating agencies. Since part of the funds is invested in repo operations that are backed by Brazilian government bonds, there is also exposure to the credit risk of the country.

 

As for the exposure to credit risk in accounts receivable and other receivables, the Company has a credit risk committee, in which each new customer is analyzed individually regarding their financial condition, before granting the credit limit and payment terms, and periodically reviewed based on procedures and circumstances of each business area.

 

14.e)Capital management

 

The Company seeks to optimize its capital structure in order to reduce its financial costs and maximize the return to its shareholders. The table below shows the evolution of the Company’s consolidated capital structure, with financing by equity and third-party capital:

 

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Thousands of reais 12/31/2020 12/31/2019
Shareholder's equity (equity)  11,251,505  11,361,932
Borrowings and Financing (Third-party capital)  35,270,653  27,967,036
Gross Debit/Shareholder's equity   3.13   2.46

 

Accounting Policy

 

The Company’s financial instruments are classified according to the definition of the business model adopted by the Company and the characteristics of the cash flow, in the case of financial assets.

 

Upon initial recognition, financial assets can be classified into three categories: assets measured at amortization cost, fair value through profit or loss and fair value through other comprehensive income.

 

Financial assets are derecognized when the rights to receive cash flows of the investments have expired or been transferred; in the latter case, provided that the Company has substantially transferred all risks and benefits of the property.

 

If the company substantially holds all the risks and rewards of ownership of the financial asset, it must continue to recognize the financial asset.

 

Financial liabilities are classified as amortized cost or fair value through profit or loss. Management determines the classification of its financial assets and liabilities upon initial recognition.

 

Financial liabilities are derecognized only when they are extinguished, that is, when the obligation specified in the contract is settled, canceled or expires. The Company also derecognizes a financial liability when the terms are modified and the cash flows of the modified liability are substantially different, in which case a new financial liability based on the modified terms is recognized at fair value.

 

Financial assets and liabilities are offset and the net amount is reported in the balance sheet when there is a legally enforceable right to offset the recognized amounts and there is an intention to settle them on a net basis, or realize the asset and settle the liability simultaneously.

 

Derivative Financial Instruments and Hedging Activities

 

Initially, derivatives are recognized at fair value on the date that a derivative contract is entered into and are subsequently measured at fair value with the changes recorded in the income statement in the caption Financial Result in the income statement, unless a hedge designation is not formally applied.

 

15.OTHER PAYABLES

 

The other obligations classified in current and non-current liabilities have the following composition:

 

 Consolidated Parent Company
 Current Non-current Current Non-current
 12/31/2020 12/31/2019 12/31/2020 12/31/2019 12/31/2020 12/31/2019 12/31/2020 12/31/2019
Payables to related parties (note 22 b)70,458 46,063 78,083 88,021 250,330 457,577 222,834 318,967
Derivative financial instruments (note 14 I)8,722   97,535       97,535  
Dividends and interest on equity (note 14 I)946,133 13,252     901,983 13,252    
Advances from customers (1)1,100,772 787,604 1,725,838 1,845,248 196,595 72,404    
Taxes in installments45,331 19,498 160,247 67,727 9,806 9,777 1,320 1,985
Profit sharing - employees150,341 162,866     109,482 111,171    
Taxes payable    38,493 8,805     32,289 7,319
Provision for consumption and services175,242 204,299     97,221 132,262    
Third party materials in our possession84,832 78,820     55,334 61,976    
Trade payables - Drawee Risk (note 17)623,861 1,121,312     623,861 1,121,312    
Trade payables (note 17)    543,527       376,753  
Lease Liabilities (note 16) 93,626  35,040 436,505 439,350 26,546 17,269 40,561 28,671
Other payables 58,321  57,690 65,108 44,551  31,030  22,788    
 3,357,639 2,526,444 3,145,336 2,493,702 2,302,188 2,019,788   771,292   356,942

 

 

(CONVENIENCE TRANSLATION INTO ENGLISH FROM THE ORIGINAL PREVIOUSLY ISSUED IN PORTUGUESE)

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1.  Advances from customers: During 2019, the subsidiary CSN Mineração entered into an agreement with a major international player for the supply of approximately 22 million tons of iron ore and an additional supply of 11 million tons of iron ore. Accordingly, CSN Mineração S.A. received in advance the amounts of US$496 million (R$1,951,303) and US$250 million (R$956,440) on March 29, 2019 and August 5, 2019, respectively. The term for the execution of the contracted volumes is 5 years. Finally, on September 16, 2019, the parties again amended the contract to adjust the delivery conditions for iron ore. In July 2020, the subsidiary concluded the contract for the additional supply of approximately 4 million tons of iron ore, which was received in advance, on August 28, 2020, the amount of US$115 million (R$629 million). The term for the execution of the contract is 3 years.

 

16.LEASE LIABILITIES

 

Lease liabilities are shown below:

 

 Consolidated Parent Company
 12/31/2020 12/31/2019 12/31/2020 12/31/2019
Leases  1,623,523   1,501,960 76,333 53,279
Present value adjustment - Leases (1,093,392)  (1,027,570)  (9,226)  (7,339)
   530,131   474,390 67,107 45,940
Classified:       
Current93,626 35,040 26,546 17,269
Non-current  436,505   439,350 40,561 28,671
   530,131   474,390 67,107 45,940

 

The Company adopted IFRS 16 / CPC 06 (R2) as of January 1, 2019, using the modified retrospective approach that does not require the presentation of comparative balances. As a result of adopting IFRS 16 / CPC 06 (R2), the Company changed the accounting policy for lease agreements.

 

The Company has lease agreements for port terminals in Itaguaí, the Solid Bulk Terminal - TECAR, used for loading and unloading coal and iron ores and the Container Terminal - TECON, with remaining terms of 27 and 31 years, respectively , and lease agreement for railway operation using the Northeast network with a remaining term of 7 years.

 

Additionally, the Company has property lease agreements, used as operational facilities and administrative and sales offices, in several locations where the Company operates, with remaining terms of 2, 5 and 15 years.

 

CSN also has lease contracts for operating equipment, used in mining operations and in the steel industry, with terms of 2 to 5 years.

 

The present value of future obligations was measured using the implicit rate observed in the contracts and for contracts that did not have a rate, the Company applied the incremental rate of loans - IBR, both in nominal terms.

 

The incremental loan rate - IBR was acquired through consultation with the Company’s relationship banks according to the average term of the contracts, according to the guidelines of Official Letter / CVM / SNC / SEP No. 02/2019.

 

The average incremental rate used to measure lease and use liabilities over the term of the five-year contract is 8.28% pa

 

The movement of lease liabilities is shown in the table below:

 

 ConsolidatedParent Company
 12/31/2020 12/31/2019 12/31/2020 12/31/2020
Opening balance474,390 640,989  45,940  61,072
New leases 52,835 106,584  29,714  12,979
Present Value Adjustments - New leases  (6,511) (54,080)   (3,822)   (838)
Contract review 63,250   (175,609)  21,503   (5,308)
Write-off  (7,757)   (1,374)   (4,465)   (1,357)
Payments  (103,648) (94,727) (25,732) (25,393)
Interest appropriated 54,236  52,607 3,969 4,785
Exchange variation3,336   -   -   -
Net balance530,131 474,390  67,107  45,940

 

(CONVENIENCE TRANSLATION INTO ENGLISH FROM THE ORIGINAL PREVIOUSLY ISSUED IN PORTUGUESE)

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The estimated future minimum payments for the lease agreements include variable payments, fixed in essence when based on minimum performance and contractually fixed rates.

 

As of December 31, 2020 are the following:

 

 Consolidated
  Less than one year   Between one and five years   Over five years   Total 
 Leases 98,788 368,659  1,156,076  1,623,523
 Present value adjustment - Leases  (5,162)  (110,034)  (978,196) (1,093,392)
 93,626 258,625 177,880 530,131

 

·Recoverable PIS / COFINS

 

Lease liabilities were measured at the amount of consideration with suppliers, that is, without considering the tax credits incurred after payment. The potential right of PIS and COFINS embedded in the lease liability is shown below.

 

 Consolidated Parent Company
 12/31/2020 12/31/2019 12/31/2020 12/31/2019
Leases 1,603,100  1,489,789  70,647  50,899
Present value adjustment - Leases(1,091,275) (1,026,919) (8,136) (6,963)
Potencial PIS and COFINS credit148,287 137,805  6,535  4,708
Present value adjustment – Potential PIS and COFINS credit (100,943) (96,461)  (753)  (800)

 

 

·Lease payments not recognized as a liability:

 

The Company chose not to recognize lease liabilities in contracts with a term of less than 12 months and for low value assets. Payments made for these contracts are recognized as expenses when incurred.

 

The Company has contracts for the right to use ports (TECAR) and railways (FTL) which, even if they establish minimum performance, it is not possible to determine its cash flow since these payments are fully variable and will only be known when they occur. In such cases, payments will be recognized as expenses when incurred.

 

The expenses related to payments not included in the measurement of the lease liability during the year are:

 

 Consolidated Parent Company
 12/31/2020 12/31/2020 12/31/2019 12/31/2019
 Contract less than 12 months  549 10,819  -  
 Lower Assets value 9,563 3,853 4,199  7,464
 Variable lease payments  270,449  177,460 14,674  21,211
  280,561  192,132 18,873  28,675

 

In accordance with the guidelines of CPC 06 (R2) / IFRS 16, the Company uses the discounted cash flow technique to measure and remeasurate liabilities and use rights, without considering the projected inflation in the flows to be discounted.

 

Considering Circular Letter / CVM / SNC / SEP No. 02/2019, the Company discloses below the comparative balances of lease liabilities, right to use, financial expenses and depreciation expenses with the use of rates in real terms to discount a present value of flows also in real terms.

 

 Consolidated Parent Company
   12/31/2020   12/31/2019   12/31/2020   12/31/2019
 Rate in nominal terms and actual flow Rate and actual flow in termos nominais Rate in nominal terms and actual flow Rate and actual flow in termos nominais Rate in nominal terms and actual flow Rate and actual flow in termos nominais Rate in nominal terms and actual flow Rate and actual flow in termos nominais
Lease Liability 530,131  595,193  474,390  579,390 67,107 55,119 45,940 48,515
Right of net use 511,882  547,671  472,345  567,905 64,659 53,775 44,173 45,795
Financial expenses (50,513)  (63,744)  (49,118)  (57,556)  (3,688)  (3,709)  (4,521)  (4,881)
Depreciation  (57,342)  (59,560)  (53,826)  (57,356)  (20,620)  (20,779)  (20,400)  (20,992)

 

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In order to measure the balances using the rate in real terms, the inflation projection (IPCA) released by the Central Bank of Brazil was used.

 

The Company analyzed CVM Deliberation No. 859, of July 7, 2020, which alters CPC 06 (R2) with guidelines for recognizing the possible impacts generated by contractual changes as a result of COVID-19, however we do not have any material changes to the contracts current lease terms.

 

Accounting Policy

 

When entering into a contract, the Company assesses whether the contract is, or contains, a lease. The lease is characterized by a lease or transmission of the right to use for a fixed period in exchange for monthly payments. The leased asset must be clearly specified.

 

The Company determines in the initial recognition, the lease term or non-cancellable term, which will be used in the measurement of the right to use and the lease liability. The lease term will be reevaluated by the Company when a significant event or significant change occurs in the circumstances that are under the control of the lessee and affects the non-cancellable term. The Company adopts exemption from recognition, as provided for in the standard, for the lessee of contracts with terms of less than 12 (twelve) months, or whose underlying asset object of the contract is of low value.

 

At inception, the Company recognizes the right to use the asset and the lease liability at present value. The right-to-use asset should be measured at cost. The cost includes the lease liability, upfront costs, advance payments, estimated costs to dismantle, remove or restore. The lease liability is measured at the present value of the lease payments expected to be made during the life of the agreement, discounted at the implicit interest rate of the lease or, if the rate is not determinable, an incremental rate will be used to determine the present value.

 

For contracts that the Company determines the business rate, it is understood that this rate is the rate implied in nominal terms and to which it is applied in discounting the flow of future payments. In contracts with no rate definition, the Company applied the incremental loan rate, obtaining it through consultations with banks where it has a relationship, adjusted for the inflation forecast for the coming years.

 

For the subsequent measurement, the cost method to the right-of-use asset is used and, in depreciation, the requirements of CPC 27/IAS 16 - Property, Plant and Equipment are applied. However, for the purpose of depreciation, the Company determines the use of the straight-line method based on the remaining useful life of the assets or the term of the contract, whichever is the shorter.

 

The effects of PIS and COFINS recoverable generated after the effective payment of the obligations will be recorded as a reduction of the depreciation expenses of the right to use and of the financial expenses recognized monthly.

 

The CPC 01/IAS 36 - Impairment of Assets will also be applied in order to determine whether the right-of-use asset has impairment problems and to account for any impairment loss identified.

 

17.TRADE PAYABLES

 

 Consolidated Parent Company
 CurrentNon-currentCurrentNon-current
 12/31/2020 12/31/2019 12/31/2020 12/31/2020 12/31/2019 12/31/2020
Trade payables 4,893,589  3,012,654 594,051  4,178,341  2,506,244 409,866
(-) Adjustment present value (74,050)    (50,524)  (45,252)    (33,113)
  4,819,539  3,012,654 543,527  4,133,089  2,506,244 376,753

 

Accounting Policy

 

They are initially recognized at fair value, and subsequently measured at amortized cost, using the effective interest rate method and adjusted to present value when applicable, based on the estimated rate of the Company’s cost of capital.

 

 

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The Company classifies drawee risk operations with suppliers in other liabilities as per note 15. These are negotiated with financial institutions, by which suppliers anticipate receivables and, on the other hand, extend our payment terms. The effective prepayment of receivables depends on acceptance by the suppliers, given that their participation is not mandatory. The Company is not reimbursed and / or benefited by the financial institution for discounts for payment executed before the maturity date agreed with the supplier, there is no change in the degree of subordination of the security in the event of judicial execution, nor changes in the existing commercial conditions between Company and its suppliers.

 

18.INCOME TAX AND SOCIAL CONTRIBUTIONS

 

18.a) Tax of income and social contribution recognized in profit or loss:

 

The income tax and social contribution recognized in net income for the year are as follows:

 

 Consolidated Parent Company
 12/31/2020 12/31/2019 12/31/2020 12/31/2019
Income tax and social contribution income (expense)      
Current (2,052,204)  (1,564,622) (239,815) 24,242
Deferred1,426,696 2,398,400 1,364,156 2,452,985
 (625,508)  833,778 1,124,341 2,477,227

 

The reconciliation of income and social contribution expenses and income of the consolidated and parent company and the product of the current tax rate on income before income tax and social contribution are shown below:

 

 Consolidated Parent Company
 12/31/2020 12/31/2019 12/31/2020 12/31/2019
Income before income tax adn social contribuition  4,918,126   1,410,733   2,669,954  (688,160)
Tax rate34% 34% 34% 34%
Income tax and social contribution at combined statutory rate (1,672,163)  (479,649)  (907,784)   233,974
Adjustment to reflect the effective rate:       
Equity in results of affiliated companies28,391 46,737   643,513   924,949
Profit with differentiated rates or untaxed (519,840)  (236,404)      
Transfer price adjustment  (15,645)   (18,494)   (15,645)   (11,938)
Tax loss carryforwards without recognizing deferred taxes  (27,758)   (21,095)      
Indebtdness limit  (25,087)   (20,393)   (25,087)   (20,393)
Unrecorded deferred taxes on temporary differences  5,142  (2,835)      
(Loss)/Reversal for deferred income and social contribution tax credit  1,540,087   1,530,185   1,540,087   1,530,185
Income tax and social contribution on foreign profit  (13,011)   (14,424)   (13,011)   (14,424)
Tax incentives64,818 39,042   6,975   
Interest on equity17,177 22,107  (121,647)  (155,083)
Other permanent deductions (additions) (7,619)   (10,999) 16,940   (10,043)
Income tax and social contribution in profit for the year (625,508)   833,778   1,124,341   2,477,227
Effective tax rate13% -59% -42% 360%

 

18.b)Deferred income tax and social contribution

 

Deferred income tax and social contribution balances are as follows:

 

 

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 Consolidated
 Opening balance Movement Closing balance
 12/31/2019 Shareholders'
Equity
 P&L Others 12/31/2020
     
Deferred         
Income tax losses 1,610,801   238,198   1,848,999
Social contribution tax losses610,046   78,162    688,208
Temporary differences (337,082) (59,380) 1,110,336 5,029  718,903
- Provision for tax. social security, labor, civil and environmental risks264,013   15,136    279,149
- Asset impairment losses182,431  (26,444) 5,029  161,016
- (Gains)/losses on financial instruments414,495  (409,468)   5,027
- Actuarial liability (pension and healthcare plan)314,601 (44,732)  (7,412)    262,457
- Accrued supplies and services132,411   22,041    154,452
- Unrealized exchange variation (1) 1,181,501  (29,175)   1,152,326
- Gain upon loss of control in Transnordestina (92,180)       (92,180)
- Cash flow hedge accounting426,961  1,315,839     1,742,800
- Acquisition at fair value of SWT and CBL (184,513) (57,651)  30,149   (212,015)
- Deferred taxes not computed (291,961)  (25,966)   (317,927)
- Estimated (losses)/reversals for deferred income tax and social contribution credits(1,625,998) (1,270,110) 1,548,640    (1,347,468)
- Business Combination(1,023,341)  8,292    (1,015,049)
- Others (35,502) (2,726) (15,457)    (53,685)
Total 1,883,765 (59,380) 1,426,696 5,029 3,256,110
          
Total Deferred Assets 2,473,304       3,874,946
Total Deferred Liabilities (589,539)       (618,836)
Total Deferred 1,883,765       3,256,110

 

(1) The Company taxes exchange variations on a cash basis to calculate income tax and social contribution on net income.

 

 Parent Company
 Opening balance MovementClosing balance
 12/31/2019 Shareholders'
Equity
 P&L 12/31/2020
    
Deferred tax assets       
Income tax losses 1,463,981  216,719  1,680,700
Social contribution tax losses549,026   78,356 627,382
Temporary differences422,544   1,069,081  1,491,625
- Provision for tax. social security, labor, civil and environmental risks193,245   9,222 202,467
- Asset impairment losses119,645  (19,640) 100,005
- (Gains)/losses on financial instruments414,495   (409,469)  5,026
- Actuarial liability (pension and healthcare plan)317,053 (45,449) (7,412) 264,192
- Accrued supplies and services121,680   11,212 132,892
- Unrealized exchange variation (1) 1,183,053  (30,728)  1,152,325
- Gain) in control loss on Transnorderstina(92,180)   (92,180)
- Cash flow hedge accounting426,961 1,315,559   1,742,520
- Estimated (losses)/reversals for deferred income tax and social contribution credits(1,625,998)  (1,270,110)  1,540,087 (1,356,021)
- Business Combination (721,992)    (721,992)
- Outras  86,582  (24,191)  62,391
Total 2,435,551   1,364,156  3,799,707
        
Total Deferred Assets 3,258,542      4,627,332
Total Deferred Liabilities (822,991)      (827,625)
Total Deferred 2,435,551      3,799,707

 

(1) The Company taxes exchange variations on a cash basis to calculate income tax and social contribution on net income.

 

The Company has in its corporate structure subsidiaries abroad, whose income are taxed by the income tax in the respective countries where they were constituted at rates lower than those in force in Brazil. In the period between 2015 and 2020, these subsidiaries generated income in the amount of R$1,284,483. If the Brazilian tax authorities understand that these profits are subject to additional taxation in Brazil for income tax and social contribution, these, if due, would reach approximately R$412,420. The Company, based on the position of its legal advisors, assessed only the likelihood of loss as possible in the event of possible tax questioning and, therefore, no provision was recognized in the financial statement.

 

In addition, management evaluated the precepts of IFRIC 23 - “Uncertainty Over Income Tax Treatments” and considers that there are no reasons for the tax authorities to differ from the tax positions adopted by the Company. Accordingly, no additional provisions for income tax and social contribution were recognized as a result of the assessment of the application of IFRIC 23 in the financial statement at December 31, 2020.

 

 

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A sensitivity analysis of consumption of tax credits was carried out considering a variation in macroeconomic assumptions, operating performance and liquidity events. Thus, considering the results of the study carried out, which indicates that it is probable the existence of taxable profit to use the balance of deferred income tax and social contribution.

 

The estimated recovery of deferred tax assets of IRPJ and CSLL are netted when referring to a single jurisdiction as shown in the table below:

 

In millions of reais Consolidated Parent Company
2021  1,018  1,018
2022  1,315  1,315
2023  1,257  1,257
2024 495 495
2025 618 542
Deferred asset  4,703  4,627
Deferred liabilities - Parent Company  (828)  (828)
Net deferred asset  3,875  3,799
Deferred liabilities - subsidiaries  (619)  
Net deferred asset  3,256  3,799

 

18.c)Income tax and social contribution recognized in equity:

 

Income tax and social contribution recognized directly in equity are shown below:

 

 Consolidated Parent Company
 12/31/2020 12/31/2019 12/31/2020 12/31/2019
Income tax and social contribution       
Actuarial gains on defined benefit pension plan170,604   215,306  172,520  217,969
Estimated losses for deferred income and social contribution tax credits - actuarial gains  (172,520)  (217,969) (172,520) (217,969)
Exchange differences on translating foreign operations   (325,350)  (325,350) (325,350) (325,350)
Cash flow hedge accounting1,742,765   426,961  1,742,520  426,961
Estimated losses for deferred income and social contribution tax credits - cash flow hedge  (1,742,520)  (426,961) (1,742,520) (426,961)
   (327,021)  (328,013) (325,350) (325,350)

 

Accounting Policy

 

Current income tax and social contribution are calculated based on the tax laws enacted by the end of the reporting period, including in the countries where the Group entities operate and generate taxable profit. Management periodically assesses the positions taken in the tax calculations with respect to situations where applicable tax regulations are open to interpretations. The Group recognizes provisions where appropriate, based on the estimated payments to tax authorities. The income tax and social contribution expense comprises current and deferred taxes. Current and deferred taxes are recognized in profit or loss unless they are related to business combinations or items recognized directly in shareholders' equity.

 

Current tax expense is the expected payment of taxable income for the year, using the nominal rate approved or substantially approved on the balance sheet date, and any adjustment of taxes payable related to previous years. Current income tax and social contribution are posted net in liabilities whenever there are amounts payable, or in assets whenever such amounts paid in advance exceed the total amount due at the reporting date.

 

Deferred tax is recognized in relation to temporary differences between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their book values in the financial statements. Deferred tax is not recognized for temporary differences arising from the initial recognition of assets and liabilities in a transaction that is not a business combination, that does not affect nor accounting profit nor tax profit or loss, differences related to investments in subsidiaries and controlled entities when it is probable that they will not revert in a foreseeable future and from the initial recognition of goodwill, in accordance with CPC 32/IAS 12 - Taxes on Profit. The amount of the deferred tax determined is based on the expectation of realization or settlement of the temporary difference and uses the nominal rate approved or substantially approved

 

 

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Assets and liabilities deferred income tax are presented net in the balance sheet whenever there is a legal right and the intention to offset them upon the calculation of current taxes, usually related to the same legal entity and the same taxation authority.

 

Deferred income tax and social contribution assets are recognized on recoverable balances of tax loss and negative basis of CSLL, tax credits and deductible temporary differences. Such assets are reviewed at each year-end date and will be reduced to the extent that their realization is less likely to occur.

 

18.d)Test of recoverability of income tax and social contribution of deferred assets

 

The Company’s management constantly evaluates the ability to use its tax credits. In this sense, CSN periodically updates the technical study of the projection of future taxable results to support the realization of tax credits and, consequently, to base the accounting recognition of the credits, the maintenance on the balance sheet or the constitution of a provision for loss in the realization of these credits.

 

This study is prepared at the level of the Entity in accordance with Brazilian tax legislation and is carried out considering the projections of the Parent Company, which is the Entity that generates a significant amount of tax credits, especially for temporary differences. The Parent Company exclusively covers the steel business.

 

Deferred income tax / social contribution on tax losses and temporary differences refers mainly to the following items:

 

 NatureBrief description
 

 

Tax losses

The Company incurs tax losses in the Parent Company as a result of financial expenses on its indebtedness, since it substantially holds all the loans and financing of the CSN Group. However, the Parent Company reported taxable income in two quarters of 2020.
 exchange variation expensesSince 2012, the Company has opted for taxing exchange rate variations on a cash basis. As a result, taxes are due and expenses are deductible when the underlying asset or liability is settled.

Differences

Temporary

Loss on investment in Usiminas sharesChanges in investment in Usiminas shares are recognized on an accrual basis; however, the event that generates taxation or deductibility will only occur when the investment is sold.
 

 

Other provisions

Other provisions are recognized on an accrual basis and their taxation occurs only at the time of their realization, such as: provision for contingencies, loss for impairment, provision for environmental liabilities, etc.

 

The study is prepared based on the Company’s long-term business plan designed for a period reasonably estimated by Management and considers several scenarios that vary according to different macroeconomic and operational assumptions.

 

The taxable income projection model considers two main indicators:

 

·Income before taxes, reflecting the projected EBITDA plus depreciation, other income and expenses and the financial result, and;
·Taxable income, which is comprised of pre-tax income plus (minus) the items of income and expense that are taxable or deductible in future periods (temporary differences).

 

In addition, a sensitivity analysis of consumption of tax credits is carried out considering a variation in macroeconomic assumptions, operating performance and liquidity events.

 

The deterioration of the Brazilian political and macroeconomic environment that occurred in recent years has generated tax losses at CSN, as well as the growth of its financial leverage. These two aspects combined culminated in an imbalance between the financial and operating results of the Parent company.

 

In view of this context, the Company works with a business plan aimed at rebalancing the Parent Company’s financial and operating results, the main measures of which are:

 

·Continuity of divestment efforts;
 

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·Reduction of financial leverage;
·Improvement in operating results due to increased sales volume, improved prices for its products and greater efficiency in controlling production costs; and
·Reprofiling of the Company’s indebtedness, with negotiations to extend amortization terms and decentralization of indebtedness by redirecting contracts to subsidiaries according to the nature and application of funds.

 

With the continuation of the execution of the above measures, the Company’s management expects to return with high levels of profitability with sustainability. Consequently, Management considers that the gradual recognition of tax credits, initially using a projection period of less than 10 years, more adequately reflects the expectation of using the credits maintained in the Company’s tax records. As a result of the study, the Company reversed during 2020 the amount of R$1,369 million of estimated losses recorded in previous years totaling a balance in the deferred tax asset at the Parent company of R$4,628 million on December 31, 2020.

 

The tax losses carryforward and negative base of social contribution and temporary differences maintained in the Company’s tax records for future use amount, respectively, to R$1,681 million and R$627 million on December 31, 2020 (R$1,466 million and R$550 million on December 31, 2019).

 

19.TAXES IN INSTALLMENTS

 

The position of Refis debts and other installments, recorded in installment taxes in current and non-current liabilities, as shown in note 15, are shown below:

 

 Consolidated Parent Company
 Current Non-current Current Non-current
 12/31/2020 12/31/2019 12/31/2020 12/31/2019 12/31/2020 12/31/2019 12/31/2020 12/31/2019
Federal REFIS Law 11.941/09 (a)12,214 12,172 15,529 17,436 9,173 9,173    
Federal REFIS Law 12.865/13 (b)6,633 6,481 42,883 48,306        
Other taxes in installments26,484 845 101,835 1,985 633 604 1,320 1,985
 45,331 19,498 160,247 67,727 9,806 9,777 1,320 1,985

(a) The refinancing program of Law 11,941 / 09 has a balance arising from the adhesion to the REFIS of taxes on profit (IRPJ and CSLL) for the years 2006, 2007 and 2012 and taxes on billing (PIS and COFINS) for the years 2006 and 2007. The installment payment is paid in monthly installments, with interest at the SELIC rate, which is the rate of the Brazilian federal funds.

 

(b) The refinancing program of Law 12.865 / 13 has a balance resulting from the adhesion to the REFIS of taxes on profit (IRPJ and CSLL) for the payment of the amounts related to taxes on the profit of the affiliates or subsidiaries abroad in 2009 to 2011. It is due in monthly installments, with interest at the SELIC rate, which is the rate of Brazilian federal funds.

 

20.PROVISIONS FOR TAX, SOCIAL SECURITY, LABOR, CIVIL, ENVIRONMENTAL RISKS AND JUDICIAL DEPOSITS

 

Claims of different nature are being challenged at the appropriate courts. Details of the accrued amounts and related judicial deposits are as follows :

 

  Consolidated Parent Company
  Accrued liabilities Judicial deposits Accrued liabilities Judicial deposits
  12/31/2020 12/31/2019 12/31/2020 12/31/2019 12/31/2020 12/31/2019 12/31/2020 12/31/2019
Tax 134,645 128,411 2,444 31,060 61,004 56,343 49,078 15,227
Social security 8,170 7,039     7,948 6,447    
Labor 328,334 305,309 212,737 227,213 234,333 217,907 159,138 164,580
Civil 151,776 138,990 67,819 53,771 121,989 105,464 11,840 42,252
Environmental 12,463 43,498 17,683 3,731 10,341 36,558 960 2,241
Deposit of a guarantee     24,434 12,596        
  635,388 623,247 325,117 328,371 435,615 422,719 221,016 224,300
                 
Classified:                
Current 81,073 96,479     34,458 52,016    
Non-current 554,315 526,768 325,117 328,371 401,157 370,703 221,016   224,300
  635,388 623,247 325,117 328,371 435,615 422,719 221,016 224,300

 

The changes in tax, social security, labor, civil and environmental provisions in the year ended December 31, 2020 can be summarized as follows:

 

 

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Consolidated
  Current + Non-current
Nature 12/31/2019 Additions Accrued charges Net utilization of reversal 12/31/2020
Tax 128,411   8,626  4,267 (6,659)  134,645
Social security 7,039   5,892  192 (4,953)   8,170
Labor 305,309 44,693   39,507  (61,175)  328,334
Civil 138,990 46,577   15,579  (49,370)  151,776
Environmental  43,498   4,525  326  (35,886) 12,463
  623,247   110,313   59,871   (158,043)  635,388

 

Parent Company
  Current + Non-current
Nature 12/31/2019 Additions Accrued charges Net utilization of reversal 12/31/2020
Tax  56,343   7,663  2,739 (5,741) 61,004
Social security 6,447   5,892  167 (4,558)   7,948
Labor 217,907 25,206   26,379  (35,159)  234,333
Civil 105,464 39,285   12,281  (35,041)  121,989
Environmental  36,558   4,474  111  (30,802) 10,341
  422,719 82,520   41,677   (111,301)  435,615

Tax proceedings

 

The main lawsuits that are considered by the external legal advisors as probable loss, which are part of CSN or its subsidiaries, of a tax nature, are (i) some tax assessment notices; (ii) divergences between calculated and paid ICMS; (iii) Requests for compensation not approved due to the lack of credit rights.

 

Labor proceedings

 

The Company appears as a defendant, on December 31, 2020, in 8,784 labor claims. The majority of claims for actions are related to subsidiary and / or joint liability, equal pay, unhealthy and hazardous work premiums, overtime, health insurance, indemnity claims arising from alleged involvement of occupational diseases or accidents at work, intra-day break and differences in profit sharing in the years 1997 to 1999 and 2000 to 2003.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2020 there were addition or write-off movements in labor lawsuits arising from the definite conclusion and the constant revision of the Company’s accounting estimates related to the provision for contingencies that take into consideration the different nature of the claims made, as required by the Company’s accounting policies.

 

Civil proceedings

 

Among the civil lawsuits in which he is a defendant, there are mainly suits for damages. Such processes, in general, result from work accidents, occupational diseases, contractual discussions, related to the Group’s industrial activities, real estate actions, health insurance.

 

Environmental Proceedings

 

Among the environmental administrative / judicial proceedings in which the Company is a defendant, there are administrative procedures aimed at finding possible occurrences of environmental irregularities and regularizing environmental licenses; at the judicial level, there are actions for the enforcement of fines imposed as a result of such alleged irregularities and public civil actions with a request for regularization combined with indemnities, which consist of environmental recompositions, in most cases. Such processes, in general, result from discussions of alleged impact to the environment related to the Company’s industrial activities.

 

Processes of an environmental nature are highly complex in estimating the value at risk, as the procedural evolution, the extent of possible damage and the projection of repair costs must be taken into account, among various aspects.

 

 

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There are other processes of an environmental nature for which it is not yet possible to assess the risk and the contingency amount due to the aforementioned complexity of estimation, the peculiarities of the matters that involve them and the procedural stages in which they are. The main environmental judicial and administrative procedures are listed below:

 

• In July 2012, the Public Ministry of the State of Rio de Janeiro (MPE / RJ) and the Federal Public Ministry (MPF) filed separate public civil actions in the State and Federal Courts alleging the existence of an allegedly contaminated area in the Volta Grande IV Condominium. In view of the conflict of competence to judge the actions, the Superior Court of Justice (STJ) declared the competence of the Federal Justice to process and judge such actions. In brief summary, the MPF maintains that the Company should (i) remove all the waste disposed of in the area used as an industrial landfill in the city of Volta Redonda and (ii) transfer 750 residences located in the Volta Grande IV condominium, also in the city of Volta Redonda .. These requests were denied by the Court, and it was determined that a timetable was presented to investigate the area and, if necessary, to remedy the potential issues raised by the MPF. This schedule was presented, indicating the completion of all studies related to the investigation phases, including the risk assessment and intervention plan, which were completed on April 30, 2014. In addition, there are pending indemnity suits filed by the owners of houses in the Volta Grande IV condominium, with requests for compensation for the alleged moral and material damages sustained, which have not yet been judged. Currently, the process (ACP) is awaiting the start of the investigation phase.

 

• In January 2014, an Annulment Action was issued with the objective of declaring the nullity of the Notice of Infraction drawn up by INEA for the alleged contamination of the soil and groundwater in the Condominium Volta Grande IV. The penalty applied was a simple fine, in the original amount of R $ 35 million. The request for a preliminary suspension of the demand for the debt was not considered, which is why INEA filed a Tax Enforcement Action. Currently, due to harmful external issues, the proceedings have been temporarily suspended, until the conclusion of the expert examination at ACP Volta Grande IV and / or contrary decisions of the courts.

 

• With regard to other areas allegedly contaminated in the city of Volta Redonda, the Public Ministry filed three other public civil actions aimed at environmental remediation and compensation for areas called Marcia I, II, III and IV, Wandir I and II and Recycle. Regarding the area called Marcia I, the phase of producing evidence ended on 03/04/20, there was a decision converting the trial into a conciliation hearing, given the great length of time elapsed in the conclusion of the sentence (2017 to 2019), the which was postponed without setting a new date due to the pandemic. At this hearing, the parties must present the status of the area’s environmental management measures. The other two ACPs are in the initial stage and CSN is currently conducting environmental studies that will determine the extent of possible environmental damage caused by soil contamination, as well as the implementation of actions to comply with applicable laws.

 

• In 2015, the Federal Public Ministry filed a public civil action against CSN requesting the adaptation and regularization of the particulate matter emission at the Presidente Vargas Steelworks, with the consequent paralysis of its activities. According to CONAMA Resolution No. 436/2011, companies would have until December 2018 to adjust the emission of particulates to the new required legal standards. This was made compatible with INEA with the schedule of actions and measures provided for in TAC 07/2018. Currently, the process is awaiting the start of the investigation phase.

 

• In 2016, CSN was cited in a public civil action filed by the Federal Public Ministry and the Public Ministry of the State of Rio de Janeiro, due to the alleged irregular deposit of waste in the area called “Aterro Panco”. In this action, there are requests for recovery of degraded areas, repair of damage to flora and fauna, and human health, as well as compensation for material and moral damage caused to the environment. Currently, the process is awaiting the start of the investigation phase.

 

• In 1988, the Federal Public Ministry filed a public civil action against CSN for alleged environmental contamination and pollution of the Paraíba do Sul River, allegedly caused by industrial activity in the area. In 1995, the court determined the meeting of cases No. 15,497; 17,563; No. 7,304; and, No. 7,624, in view of the connection characterized and determined the joining of the 4 shares.

 

The Federal Regional Court of the Second Region upheld the first instance conviction, reiterating the Company’s obligation to compensate for possible environmental damage caused to the ecosystem. The Company appealed to the Superior Court of Justice (STJ), which accepted the appeal and annulled the previous decisions, determining the return of the records to the 1st Instance to resume the process. Currently, the process awaits the new beginning of the investigation phase.

 

• In 2009 and 2010, Terms of Judicial Agreements (TAJ’s) were signed with the Federal Public Ministry seeking the recovery of environmental liabilities caused by coal mining in the Southeast Region of Santa Catarina until the 1990s. The environmental liabilities covered by the agreements include the restoration of certain degraded areas. In March 2018, the parties renegotiated a new agreement, with the extension of the works schedule until 2030, which was ratified in court on 06/06/18. Currently, the Company negotiates with the MPF the suspension of the TAJ terms for negotiation and adjustment of the obligations and compensatory measures provided for.

 

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• In July 2018, the Company and the company Harsco Metals (“Harsco”), a company providing services to CSN, were cited in a new public civil action filed jointly by the Federal Public Ministry and the Public Ministry of the State of Rio de Janeiro, due to the supposed irregular deposit of waste (steel slag) in the area called “Slag Processing Yard”. A preliminary decision was issued that established a certain limitation in the monthly sending of slag to the referred yard, reducing the height of the piles and removing the excess of the stored material. However, recent studies carried out by independent companies, attest to the absence of environmental risks or impacts. The Company and Harsco have been looking for feasible alternative solutions to end the process. Currently, the process is awaiting the start of the investigation phase.

 

• In January 1995, the ACP was filed by the Municipality of Volta Redonda / RJ (“MVR”), pleading CSN’s condemnation of compliance with 26 items of Compensatory Environmental Programs. After the contestation, the parties entered into an instrument of Transaction (1995), establishing the effective obligations of CSN, as well as the environmental compensation, ratified in court by sentence. The municipality of Volta Redonda disagreed about the compliance with the ratified agreement and in 2015 the process of liquidating unfulfilled obligations was initiated. On 12/27/18, a new agreement was signed between CSN and MVR to end the legal dispute, through reciprocal concessions from the parties, with the MVR expressly waiving the right on which the lawsuit is founded and CSN the additional investment in the amount of R $ 21 million, 30% of which should be allocated to services of environmental interest, works for the preservation, improvement and recovery of the quality of the environment in Volta Redonda. In 2019, the agreement signed between CSN and MVR was approved with the actual disbursement by CSN of R $ 25MM, which was appealed by the Public Prosecutor’s Office, however dismissed by the Rio de Janeiro Court of Justice, confirming the decision of the lower court that ratified the agreement signed between the Company and the MVR.

 

• In August 2017, CSN initiated an annulment action against the tax assessment notice that imposed a fine on CSN (R $ 25 million - updated until December / 19), for alleged water pollution in the Paraíba do Sul River, with the launch of effluents from the Alto Forno 2 ETE, due to an accident that occurred on 11/27/2010. The enforceability of the fine is suspended due to a preliminary injunction, and the process is awaiting the start of the investigation phase.

 

• In December 2019, a Public Civil Action was initiated against Sepetiba TECON and INEA with a view to suspending the environmental licensing processes of the Sepetiba TECON container terminal until the study of the environmental support capacity of Sepetiba Bay is carried out, and the INEA refrain from licensing new ventures or potentially polluting activities on the site, which may harm the socio-environmental balance of the Bay and the preservation of marine fauna. Sepetiba TECON became aware of the action through news published on the MPF website. On 12/19/19, the court dismissed the request for emergency relief requested by the MPF, as well as the Federal Union and IBAMA’s decision was determined. After the challenge is submitted by TECON, the process awaits the start of the investigation phase.

 

• In June 2019, CSN filed a lawsuit against the INEA Notification that determined the suspension of solid bulk handling operations at TECON due to the alleged lack of activity forecast under the respective Operation License. A preliminary injunction was granted to suspend the effects of the Notification and allow the continuation of the solid bulk handling operation until the final judgment of the action. After the favorable decision is confirmed by the Court on appeal, the case awaits the initiation of the investigation phase.

 

§Administrative and judicial proceedings

 

The Company does not make provisions for lawsuits, which Management’s expectation, based on the opinion of legal counsel, is a possible loss. The following table shows a summary of the balance of the main matters classified as possible risk compared to the balance at December 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

 

 

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  Consolidated
  12/31/2020 12/31/2019
Assessment Notice and imposition of fine (AIIM) / Tax Enforcement - Income tax and social contribution - Capital gain on sale of NAMISA's shares 12,694,021 12,412,964
     
Assessment Notice and Imposition of fine (AIIM) - Income tax and Social contribution - Disallowance of deductions of goodwill generated in the reverse incorporation of Big Jump by NAMISA.   3,930,093   3,867,663
     
Assessment Notice and Imposition of fine (AIIM) / Tax Enforcement  - Income tax and Social contribution - Disallowance of interest on prepayment arising from supply contracts of iron ore and port services   1,956,898   2,249,708
     
Assessment Notice and imposition of fine (AIIM) - Income tax and social contribution due to profits from foreign subsidiaries for years 2008, 2010,2011, 2012 and 2014   3,461,574   2,946,288
     
Tax foreclosures - ICMS - Electricity credits   841,401   1,022,371
     
Offset of taxes that were not approved by the Federal Revenue Service - IRPJ/CSLL, PIS/COFINS and IPI   1,845,379   1,100,564
     
Disallowance of the ICMS credits - Transfer of iron ore   624,645   567,534
     
ICMS - Refers to the transfer of imported raw material at an amount lower than the price disclosed in the import documentation   317,848   310,349
     
Disallowance of the tax loss and negative basis of social contribution arising from the adjustments in the SAPLI   583,478   538,268
     
Assessment Notice- IRRF- Capital Gain of CFM vendors located abroad   260,326   254,850
     
CFEM – difference of understanding between CSN and DNPM on the calculation basis    1,051,661   1,020,266
     
Assessment Notice- ICMS- questions about sales for incentive area   1,111,034   1,015,812
     
Other tax lawsuits (federal, state, and municipal)   3,886,976   4,478,014
     
Social security lawsuits   233,116   325,492
     
Action to discuss the balance of the construction contract – Tebas   487,124   468,776
     
Action related to power supply payment’s charge - Light   288,390   253,569
     
Indemnity action due to the supply contract termination - Indumill   237,795   215,281
     
Enforcement action applied by Brazilian antitrust authorities (CADE) 95,833 93,212
     
Civil Public Action - Districts / School / Nursery relocation-CdP Dam (1) 12,207 20,000
     
Other civil lawsuits   777,850   764,127
     
Labor and social security lawsuits   1,506,626   1,565,237
     
Tax foreclosures – Fine – Volta Redonda IV (2) 94,304 84,599
     
ACP landfill Márcia (3)   306,389  -
     
     
Assessment Notice and imposition of fine (AIIM) -  Charge of IRRF- RFB  - Business combination (year 2015) between Namisa, Congonhas Minérios (current CSN Mineração) and consortium   862,324  -
     
Assessment Notice and imposition of fine (AIIM) - SEFAZ/RJ - ICMS on purchases of intermediate products (4)   498,002  -
     
Assessment Notice and imposition of fine (AIIM) - RFB -  Disallowance of credits PIS/COFINS of inputs and freight   1,082,517  -
     
Other environmental lawsuits   257,965   215,691
  39,305,776 35,790,635

 

(1) In May 2019, the State Prosecutor’s Office of the State of Minas Gerais filed an ACP order to compel CSN Mineração SA to adopt mitigating measures regarding the psychological risks and losses allegedly generated by the Casa de Pedra Dam, reallocating residents, who so wish, with rents and social assistance, as well as relocating children who attended a new daycare and school that were closed, rebuilding new daycare and school in a safe place. In a preliminary injunction, the 1st Instance Magistrate ordered the blocking of three million reais for the construction of the day care center and school, a decision suspended by the 2nd Instance Court. The State Public Prosecutor of the State of Minas Gerais also pleaded for the payment of moral damages collective actions, as well as for the permanent reallocation of people, at the expense of CSN Mineração SA The lawsuit is in its initial phase and there is still no judicial sentence related to the case.

 

(CONVENIENCE TRANSLATION INTO ENGLISH FROM THE ORIGINAL PREVIOUSLY ISSUED IN PORTUGUESE)

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(2) On April 8, 2013, INEA applied a fine of R $ 35 million to CSN in relation to aspects involving the Volta Grande IV condominium, determining that the actions already considered and discussed in the public civil action filed in July 2012. In relation to the application of this fine, an annulment action was filed, distributed, in January 2014, to the 10th Civil Court of the State of Rio de Janeiro, aiming at the annulment of the fine and its effects. In parallel, INEA filed a tax enforcement action, with an adjusted amount of R $ 42 million, in order to enforce the amount of the fine imposed. The Tax Foreclosure action mentioned was distributed in May 2014 to the 4th Registry of Active Debt of Volta Redonda, in the State of Rio de Janeiro. Currently, these actions are suspended until the conclusion of the investigation to be carried out in the Environmental Public Civil Action of the Condominium Volta Grande IV, whose merit discusses possible contamination of the site.

 

(3) This is an Environmental Public Civil Action, proposed by the MPF, with a claim for indemnity for collective moral damages and material damages, for allegedly irregular deposit of steel residues, in addition to being set aside for non-compliance with the injunction.

 

(4) Infraction Notice (AIIM) drawn up by SEFAZ / RJ for ICMS and Fine requirement for the alleged improper use of ICMS credit for the period 2015 to 2020 resulting from the acquisition of intermediate products used in the UPV (refractories, belts, cylinders, chemical agents, etc.), which were classified by the Inspection as of use / consumption and without the right to credit.

 

The Company has been offering judicial guarantees (Guarantee Insurance / Letter of Guarantee) in the total and updated amount of R $ 4,542,786, as determined by the procedural legislation in force.

 

The assessments made by legal advisors define these administrative and judicial proceedings as a possible risk of loss and, consequently, no loss provisions have been recognized in accordance with Management’s judgment and with the Accounting Practices adopted in Brazil.

 

Accounting Policy

 

Only provisions estimated as probable risk of loss are recorded, substantiated in the assessment of our legal advisors, and at amounts that will be required to settle the litigations. The obligation is updated in accordance with the evolution of the lawsuit or financial charges incurred and will be reversed if the estimated loss is no longer considered probable due to changes in circumstances or derecognized when the obligation is settled.

 

21.PROVISION FOR ENVIRONMENTAL LIABILITIES AND ASSET RETIREMMENT OBLIGATIONS

 

The balance of provisions for environmental liabilities and deactivation of assets can be shown as follows:

 

 Consolidated Parent Company
 12/31/2020 12/31/2019 12/31/2020 12/31/2019
Environmental liabilities192,830 192,270 178,638 163,659
Asset retirement obligations611,005 331,731 50,886 805
 803,835 524,001 229,524 164,464

 

21.a)Environmental liabilities

 

As of December 31, 2020, a provision is maintained for application in expenses related to services for the investigation and environmental recovery of potential contaminated, degraded areas and in the process of exploration under the responsibility of the Company in the states of Rio de Janeiro, Minas Gerais and Santa Catarina. Expenditure estimates are periodically reviewed, adjusting, whenever necessary, the amounts already accounted for. These are the Management’s best estimates considering studies and environmental recovery projects. These provisions are recorded in the account for other operating expenses.

 

Provisions are measured at the present value of the expenses that must be required to settle the obligation, using a pre-tax rate, which reflects current market valuations of money at the time and the specific risks of the obligation. The increase in the obligation due to the passage of time is recognized as other operating expenses.

 

Some contingent environmental liabilities are monitored by the environmental area and have not been provisioned because their characteristics do not meet the recognition criteria in CPC 25/IAS 37.

 

21.b)Asset retirement obligation

 

In 2020, after anticipating the discontinuation of the dams used in its mining activities, the Company updated the study to recognize the costs of deactivating mining assets. The study resulted in an increase of the provision by R $ 279 million, mainly due to:

 

 

(CONVENIENCE TRANSLATION INTO ENGLISH FROM THE ORIGINAL PREVIOUSLY ISSUED IN PORTUGUESE)

Annual Financial Statements - December 31, 2020 – CIA SIDERURGICA NACIONAL

Version: 1

i)expansion of operational areas with the implementation of new technologies;
ii)revision in the process of de-characterization of dams and
iii)application of inflation indices on costs.

 

Accounting Policy

 

The Company recognizes a provision for recovery costs, when a loss is probable and the amounts of the related costs are reasonably determined. Generally, the provisioning period for the amount to be used for recovery coincides with the completion of a feasibility study or commitment to a formal action plan.

 

Expenses related to compliance with environmental regulations are charged to income or capitalized, as appropriate. Capitalization is considered appropriate when expenses refer to items that will continue to benefit the Company and that are basically relevant to the acquisition and installation of equipment for pollution control and / or prevention.

 

Asset retirement obligation (ARO) liabilities consist of cost estimates for deactivation, demobilization or restoration of areas at the end of mining activities and extraction of mineral resources. The initial measurement is recognized as a liability discounted to present value and, subsequently, carried to expenses over time. The asset deactivation cost equivalent to the initial liability is capitalized as part of the asset’s carrying amount and is depreciated over the asset’s useful life.

 

22.RELATED-PARTY BALANCES AND TRANSACTIONS

 

22.a) Transactions with holding companies

 

Vicunha Aços SA is the main shareholder of the Company with a 49.24% interest in the voting capital.

 

Also part of the Company’s control is Rio Iaco Participações SA, which holds a 4.22% interest in the voting capital of CSN.

 

The corporate structure of Vicunha Aços SA is as follows:

 

-Vicunha Steel S.A. - holds 67.93% interest in Vicunha Aços S.A.;
-CFL Participações S.A. - holds a 12.82% interest in Vicunha Aços S.A. and a 40% interest in Vicunha Steel S.A.;
-Rio Purus Participações S.A. - holds a 19.25% interest in Vicunha Aços S.A. and a 60% interest in Vicunha Steel S.A.

 

·Liabilities

 

As of December 31, 2020, the distribution of mandatory minimum dividend in the amount of R$443,694 to the shareholder Vicunha Aços SA and R$37,997 to Rio Iaco Participações SA was proposed, which will be submitted for approval at the Annual Shareholders’ Meeting.