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WDR Waddell & Reed Financial

Filed: 1 May 20, 11:09am


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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2020

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                                 to                                

Commission file number 001-13913

WADDELL & REED FINANCIAL, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware

51-0261715

(State or other jurisdiction

(I.R.S. Employer

of incorporation or organization)

Identification No.)

6300 Lamar Avenue

Overland Park, Kansas 66202

(Address, including zip code, of Registrant’s principal executive offices)

(913) 236-2000

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class

Trading Symbol(s)

Name of each exchange on which registered

Class A Common Stock, $.01 par value

WDR

New York Stock Exchange

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes  No .

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes  No .

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer 

Accelerated filer 

Non-accelerated filer 

Smaller reporting company 

Emerging growth company 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.   

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes  No .

Shares outstanding of each of the registrant’s classes of common stock as of the latest practicable date:

Class

Outstanding as of April 24, 2020

Class A common stock, $.01 par value

65,622,663

2

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

WADDELL & REED FINANCIAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Consolidated Balance Sheets

(in thousands)

March 31, 

2020

December 31, 

(Unaudited)

2019

Assets:

    

    

    

Cash and cash equivalents

$

160,316

 

151,815

Cash and cash equivalents - restricted

 

53,423

 

 

74,325

Investment securities

 

605,780

 

 

688,346

Receivables:

Funds and separate accounts

 

12,144

 

 

15,167

Customers and other

 

59,487

 

 

80,089

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

43,129

 

 

31,655

Total current assets

 

934,279

 

 

1,041,397

Property and equipment, net

 

33,017

 

 

34,726

Goodwill and identifiable intangible assets

 

145,869

 

 

145,869

Deferred income taxes

 

27,267

 

 

14,418

Other non-current assets

 

27,321

 

 

29,918

Total assets

$

1,167,753

 

1,266,328

Liabilities:

Accounts payable

$

38,414

 

20,123

Payable to investment companies for securities

 

19,669

 

 

36,883

Payable to third party brokers

 

15,991

 

 

17,123

Payable to customers

 

72,009

 

 

84,558

Short-term notes payable

94,944

Accrued compensation

 

41,738

 

 

79,507

Other current liabilities

 

70,982

 

 

71,001

Total current liabilities

 

353,747

 

 

309,195

Long-term debt

 

 

 

94,926

Accrued pension and postretirement costs

 

3,343

 

 

3,145

Other non-current liabilities

 

25,935

 

 

30,960

Total liabilities

 

383,025

 

 

438,226

Redeemable noncontrolling interests

19,070

19,205

Stockholders’ equity:

Preferred stock—$1.00 par value: 5,000 shares authorized; NaN issued

 

 

 

Class A Common stock—$0.01 par value: 250,000 shares authorized; 99,701 shares issued; 66,655 shares outstanding (68,847 at December 31, 2019)

 

997

 

 

997

Additional paid-in capital

 

282,401

 

 

312,693

Retained earnings

 

1,247,084

 

 

1,241,598

Cost of 33,046 common shares in treasury (30,854 at December 31, 2019)

 

(765,579)

 

 

(749,625)

Accumulated other comprehensive income

 

755

 

 

3,234

Total stockholders’ equity

 

765,658

 

 

808,897

Total liabilities, redeemable noncontrolling interests and stockholders’ equity

$

1,167,753

 

1,266,328

See accompanying notes to the unaudited consolidated financial statements.

3

WADDELL & REED FINANCIAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Consolidated Statements of Income

(Unaudited, in thousands, except for per share data)

For the three months ended March 31, 

2020

2019

Revenues:

    

    

    

Investment management fees

$

105,219

 

109,762

Underwriting and distribution fees

136,943

 

126,245

Shareholder service fees

21,571

 

23,403

Total

263,733

 

259,410

Operating expenses:

Distribution

120,033

 

109,794

Compensation and benefits (including share-based compensation of $9,983 and $12,693, respectively)

58,425

 

64,843

General and administrative

18,598

 

14,704

Technology

13,502

16,308

Occupancy

4,709

6,715

Marketing and advertising

1,896

1,964

Depreciation

3,513

 

6,001

Subadvisory fees

3,666

 

3,557

Total

224,342

 

223,886

Operating income

39,391

 

35,524

Investment and other (loss) income

(7,745)

 

9,453

Interest expense

(1,549)

 

(1,548)

Income before provision for income taxes

30,097

 

43,429

Provision for income taxes

9,633

 

10,671

Net income

20,464

 

32,758

Net (loss) income attributable to redeemable noncontrolling interests

(1,522)

705

Net income attributable to Waddell & Reed Financial, Inc.

$

21,986

32,053

Net income per share attributable to Waddell and Reed Financial, Inc. common shareholders, basic and diluted:

$

0.32

0.42

Weighted average shares outstanding, basic and diluted:

67,675

76,299

See accompanying notes to the unaudited consolidated financial statements.

4

WADDELL & REED FINANCIAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income

(Unaudited, in thousands)

For the three months ended March 31, 

    

2020

    

2019

    

Net income

$

20,464

 

32,758

Other comprehensive income:

Unrealized (loss) gain on available for sale investment securities during the period, net of income tax (benefit) expense of $(760) and $517, respectively

 

(2,430)

 

 

1,658

Postretirement benefit, net of income tax benefit of $(18) and $(30), respectively

 

(49)

 

 

(94)

Comprehensive income

17,985

 

34,322

Comprehensive (loss) income attributable to redeemable noncontrolling interests

(1,522)

705

Comprehensive income attributable to Waddell & Reed Financial, Inc.

$

19,507

33,617

See accompanying notes to the unaudited consolidated financial statements.

5

WADDELL & REED FINANCIAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity and Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests

(Unaudited, in thousands)

For the three months ended March 31,

Accumulated

Redeemable

Additional

Other

Total 

Non

Common Stock

Paid-In

Retained

Treasury

Comprehensive

Stockholders’

Controlling

    

Shares

    

Amount

    

Capital

    

Earnings

    

Stock

    

Income (Loss)

    

Equity

    

Interests

Balance at December 31, 2018

 

99,701

$

997

 

311,264

 

1,198,445

 

(627,587)

 

331

 

883,450

 

11,463

Net income

 

 

 

 

32,053

 

 

 

32,053

 

705

Net subscription of redeemable noncontrolling interests in sponsored funds

768

Recognition of equity compensation

 

 

 

9,608

 

93

 

 

 

9,701

 

Net issuance/forfeiture of nonvested shares

 

 

 

(30,000)

 

 

30,000

 

 

 

Dividends accrued, $0.25 per share

 

 

 

 

(19,025)

 

 

(19,025)

Repurchase of common stock

 

(39,139)

 

(39,139)

 

Other comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,564

 

1,564

 

Balance at March 31, 2019

99,701

$

997

 

290,872

 

1,211,566

 

(636,726)

 

1,895

 

868,604

 

12,936

    

Balance at December 31, 2019

 

99,701

$

997

 

312,693

 

1,241,598

 

(749,625)

 

3,234

 

808,897

 

19,205

Net income (loss)

 

 

 

 

21,986

 

 

 

21,986

 

(1,522)

Net subscription of redeemable noncontrolling interests in sponsored funds

1,387

Recognition of equity compensation

 

 

 

7,693

 

71

 

 

 

7,764

 

Net issuance/forfeiture of nonvested shares

 

 

 

(37,985)

 

 

37,985

 

 

 

Dividends accrued, $0.25 per share

 

 

 

 

(16,571)

 

 

(16,571)

Repurchase of common stock

 

(53,939)

 

(53,939)

 

Other comprehensive loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2,479)

 

(2,479)

 

Balance at March 31, 2020

99,701

$

997

 

282,401

 

1,247,084

 

(765,579)

 

755

 

765,658

 

19,070

See accompanying notes to the unaudited consolidated financial statements.

6

WADDELL & REED FINANCIAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(Unaudited, in thousands)

    

For the three months ended March 31, 

2020

    

2019

    

Cash flows from operating activities:

Net income

$

20,464

 

32,758

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:

Depreciation and amortization

 

3,168

 

 

6,208

Amortization of deferred sales commissions

 

395

 

 

551

Share-based compensation

 

9,983

 

 

12,693

Investments and derivatives loss (gain), net of collateral

 

50,012

 

 

(16,481)

Net purchases, maturities, and sales of trading and equity securities

 

(2,144)

 

 

(2,233)

Deferred income taxes

 

(12,071)

 

 

5,914

Net change in equity securities and trading debt securities held by consolidated sponsored funds

1,326

(5,081)

Other

212

(56)

Changes in assets and liabilities:

Customer and other receivables

 

6,804

 

 

77,039

Payable to investment companies for securities and payable to customers

 

(29,763)

 

 

(115,675)

Receivables from funds and separate accounts

 

3,023

 

 

(1,018)

Other assets

 

3,214

 

 

4,193

Accounts payable and payable to third party brokers

 

(3,219)

 

 

(3,466)

Other liabilities

 

(22,128)

 

 

(12,843)

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

$

29,276

 

 

(17,497)

Cash flows from investing activities:

Purchases of available for sale and equity method securities

(2,999)

(70,501)

Proceeds from sales of available for sale and equity method securities

 

 

 

19,667

Proceeds from maturities of available for sale securities

33,875

38,375

Additions to property and equipment

 

(3,182)

 

 

(1,474)

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

$

27,694

 

 

(13,933)

Cash flows from financing activities:

Dividends paid

 

(17,119)

 

 

(19,348)

Repurchase of common stock

 

(53,599)

 

 

(40,871)

Net subscriptions (redemptions, distributions and deconsolidations) of redeemable noncontrolling interests in sponsored funds

1,387

768

Other

(40)

(62)

Net cash used in financing activities

$

(69,371)

 

 

(59,513)

Net decrease in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

(12,401)

 

 

(90,943)

Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at beginning of period

 

226,140

 

 

291,555

Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at end of period

$

213,739

 

200,612

See accompanying notes to the unaudited consolidated financial statements.

7

WADDELL & REED FINANCIAL, INC.

NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

1.

Description of Business and Significant Accounting Policies

Waddell & Reed Financial, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Waddell & Reed Financial, Inc. (hereinafter referred to as the “Company,” “we,” “our” or “us”) is a holding company, incorporated in the state of Delaware in 1981, that conducts business through its subsidiaries. Founded in 1937, we are one of the oldest mutual fund complexes in the United States, having introduced the former Waddell & Reed Advisors group of mutual funds (the “Advisors Funds”) in 1940. Over time, we added additional mutual funds: Ivy Funds (the “Ivy Funds”); Ivy Variable Insurance Portfolios, our variable product offering (“Ivy VIP”); InvestEd Portfolios, our 529 college savings plan (“InvestEd”); and the Ivy High Income Opportunities Fund, a closed-end mutual fund (“IVH”) (collectively, Ivy Funds, Ivy VIP, InvestEd and IVH are referred to as the “Funds”).  In addition to the Funds, our assets under management (“AUM”) include institutional managed accounts.  As of March 31, 2020, we had $56.0 billion in AUM.

We derive our revenues from providing investment management and advisory services, investment product underwriting and distribution, and shareholder services administration to the Funds and institutional accounts. We also provide wealth management services, primarily to retail clients through Waddell & Reed, Inc. (“W&R”), and independent financial advisors associated with W&R (“Advisors”), who provide financial planning and advice to their clients. Investment management and advisory fees and certain underwriting and distribution revenues are based on the level of AUM and assets under administration (“AUA”) and are affected by sales levels, financial market conditions, redemptions and the composition of assets. Our underwriting and distribution revenues consist of fees earned on fee-based asset allocation programs and related advisory services, asset-based service and distribution fees promulgated under Rule 12b-1 of the Investment Company Act of 1940 (“Rule 12b-1”), distribution fees on certain variable products, and commissions derived from sales of investment and insurance products. The products sold have various commission structures and the revenues received from those sales vary based on the type and dollar amount sold. Shareholder service fee revenue includes transfer agency fees, custodian fees from retirement plan accounts, portfolio accounting and administration fees, and is earned based on client AUM or number of client accounts.  Our major expenses are for distribution of our products, compensation related costs, occupancy, general and administrative, and information technology.

The Company is proactively managing business continuity and safety considerations as circumstances of the coronavirus disease 2019 (“COVID-19’) evolve. Our leadership team’s priority is on ensuring the health and safety of all employees, clients, Advisors and communities, while also ensuring full continuity of service and access.  The Company started transitioning to a work from home environment early in March 2020 and has been following the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and local authorities’ recommendations on safe practices throughout this process.  We have undertaken a number of steps to facilitate safety, security and full continuity of service, including:

We activated an Enterprise Preparedness Team and COVID-19 steering committee that meets regularly to assess developments and determine the best action to ensure business continuity and the safety of our employees and partners.
We have adopted interim business practices, including restricting business travel, requiring all meetings to take place via remote access tools, adopting safety protocols to limit the potential for exposure, adopting social distancing practices, implementing a clearly-defined approval process for reentry to any worksite, advising personnel on preventive measures and offering remote collaboration and productivity tools and training resources to our employees.
We enhanced monitoring and capabilities of our systems to allow our remote workforce to function efficiently and have continued our educational and monitoring practices to ensure there are no compromises to confidentiality, privacy and cybersecurity requirements.
The Ivy investment management and distribution teams transitioned seamlessly to remote working. Our teams have a strong heritage of active collaboration which has migrated to a virtual environment without compromise.

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Within our wealth management business, the majority of independent advisors are working from temporary locations. We are demonstrating our differentiated service and support model by continuing regular communications with Advisors as well as delivering additional advisor and client focused resources.

We have not initiated any layoffs, furloughs or reduced hours. As we implemented our business continuity plans, we have intentionally maintained the same pay practices for all of our employees based upon their regular work schedule, paid spot bonuses to certain employees, implemented a temporary hourly wage increase to designated client services personnel, increased certain benefit coverages for specific COVID-19 related treatments through May, and are increasing our philanthropic contributions to local organizations to help support the COVID-19 responses in our community.

Basis of Presentation

We have prepared the accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements pursuant to the rules and regulations of the SEC.  Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations, although we believe that the disclosures are adequate to enable a reasonable understanding of the information presented.  The information in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q should be read in conjunction with Part I, Item 2 “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and our audited financial statements and notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 (our “2019 Form 10-K”).  Certain amounts in the prior year’s financial statements have been reclassified for consistent presentation. Derivative activity was reclassified within operating activities on our consolidated statements of cash flows to provide a comprehensive view of the impact of the economic hedge program for our seed investment portfolio.

The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements are prepared consistent with the accounting policies described in Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements included in our 2019 Form 10-K with the exception of the adoption of Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2016-13, Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments, ASU 2017-04, Intangibles-Goodwill and Other: Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment and ASU 2018-15, Intangibles – Goodwill and Other – Internal-Use Software (Subtopic 350-40): Customer’s Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement that is a Service Contract, all of which became effective January 1, 2020. 

In our opinion, the accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments (consisting of only a normal and recurring nature) necessary to present fairly our financial position at March 31, 2020 and the results of operations and cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States.

Assets Held for Sale

Assets held for sale included real property related to our corporate headquarters move and aviation equipment.  As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, $3.1 million of equipment, $3.8 million of buildings and $1.9 million of land were included in Property and equipment, net on our consolidated balance sheets.  The Company intends to actively pursue sale of these assets at market prices as soon as reasonably possible.

2.

New Accounting Guidance

Accounting Guidance Adopted During the First Quarter of 2020

On January 1, 2020, the Company adopted ASU 2016-13, Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments. The ASU changes the impairment model for most financial assets and requires the use of an “expected loss” model for instruments measured at amortized cost. Under this model, entities are required to estimate the lifetime expected credit loss on such instruments and record an allowance to offset the amortized cost basis of the financial asset, resulting in a net presentation of the amount expected to be collected on the financial asset. The adoption of this ASU had an immaterial impact on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

On January 1, 2020, the Company adopted ASU 2017-04, Intangibles-Goodwill and Other: Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment.  This ASU eliminates the second step from the goodwill impairment test. An entity should perform

9

its goodwill impairment test by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount. An entity will recognize an impairment charge for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit’s fair value, but the loss cannot exceed the total amount of goodwill allocated to the reporting unit. The adoption of this ASU had an immaterial impact on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

On January 1, 2020, the Company adopted ASU 2018-15, Intangibles – Goodwill and Other – Internal-Use Software (Subtopic 350-40): Customer’s Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement that is a Service Contract, which aligns the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred in a hosting arrangement that is a service contract with the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred to develop or obtain internal-use software (and hosting arrangements that include an internal-use software license). The Company adopted the provisions of this guidance using the prospective adoption approach, which does not require the restatement of prior years. The adoption of this ASU did not have a material impact on our operating income or net income as requirements under the standard are generally consistent with our current accounting for cloud computing arrangements, with the primary difference being the classification of certain information in our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.  As of March 31, 2020, the Company had $2.6 million of capitalized implementation costs for hosting arrangements with $23 thousand of accumulated amortization in prepaid and other current assets on the consolidated balance sheet. Our hosting arrangements that are service contracts include internal and external costs related to various technology additions in support of both our asset management and wealth management business. Amortization costs are recorded on a straight-line basis over the term of the hosting arrangement agreement.

Accounting Guidance Not Yet Adopted

In December 2019, FASB issued ASU 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes, which simplifies and improves the consistent application of the accounting for income taxes by removing certain exceptions to general principles and by clarifying and amending existing guidance.  This ASU is effective for fiscal years, and for interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2020, with early adoption permitted. We are evaluating the impact the adoption of this ASU will have on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

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3.

Revenue Recognition

All revenue recognized in the consolidated statements of income is considered to be revenue from contracts with customers. The vast majority of revenue is determined based on average assets and is earned daily or monthly or is transactional and is earned on the trade date. As such, revenue from remaining performance obligations is not significant.  The following table depicts the disaggregation of revenue by product and distribution channel:

Three months ended
March 31, 2020

Three months ended
March 31, 2019

(in thousands)

Investment management fees:

    

    

    

    

Funds

$

102,293

 

105,745

 

Institutional

 

2,926

 

4,017

 

Total investment management fees

$

105,219

 

109,762

 

Underwriting and distribution fees:

Unaffiliated

Rule 12b-1 service and distribution fees

$

15,276

16,465

Sales commissions on front-end load mutual fund and variable annuity sales

451

443

Other revenues

135

92

Total unaffiliated distribution fees

$

15,862

17,000

Wealth Management

Fee-based asset allocation product revenues

$

77,118

65,230

Rule 12b-1 service and distribution fees

14,589

15,405

Sales commissions on front-end load mutual fund and variable annuity sales

11,958

12,015

Sales commissions on other products

8,699

7,606

Other revenues

8,717

8,989

Total wealth management distribution fees

121,081

109,245

Total distribution fees

$

136,943

126,245

Shareholder service fees:

Total shareholder service fees

$

21,571

 

23,403

 

 

 

 

Total revenues

$

263,733

 

259,410

 

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4.

Investment Securities

Investment securities at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 were as follows:

March 31, 

December 31, 

    

2020

 

2019

(in thousands)

Available for sale securities:

Commercial paper

$

1,977

Corporate bonds

222,478

254,291

Total available for sale securities

 

222,478

256,268

Trading debt securities:

Commercial paper

9,573

1,977

Corporate bonds

 

77,325

84,920

U.S. Treasury bills

6,022

5,979

Mortgage-backed securities

 

3

4

Term loans

37,220

44,268

Consolidated sponsored funds

 

42,241

43,567

Total trading securities 

 

172,384

180,715

Equity securities:

Common stock

 

30,528

34,945

Sponsored funds

148,683

178,386

Sponsored privately offered funds

 

668

845

Total equity securities

179,879

214,176

Equity method securities:

Sponsored funds

 

31,039

37,187

Total securities

$

605,780

688,346

Corporate bonds accounted for as available for sale and held as of March 31, 2020 mature as follows:

Amortized

cost

 

Fair value

  

(in thousands)

Within one year

$

63,347

63,292

After one year but within five years

159,011

159,186

$

222,358

222,478

Commercial paper, corporate bonds, U.S. Treasury bills, mortgage-backed securities and term loans accounted for as trading and held as of March 31, 2020 mature as follows:

Fair value

  

(in thousands)

Within one year

$

35,102

After one year but within five years

70,350

After five years but within 10 years

24,691

$

130,143

The following is a summary of the gross unrealized gains (losses) related to securities classified as available for sale at March 31, 2020:

    

Amortized

    

Unrealized

    

Unrealized

    

 

cost

gains

losses

Fair value

 

  

 

(in thousands)

Available for sale securities:

Corporate bonds

$

222,358

 

1,505

(1,385)

 

222,478

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The following is a summary of the gross unrealized gains (losses) related to securities classified as available for sale at December 31, 2019:

    

Amortized

    

Unrealized

    

Unrealized

    

 

cost

gains

losses

Fair value

 

(in thousands)

Available for sale securities:

Commercial paper

$

1,976

1

1,977

Corporate bonds

250,982

 

3,314

(5)

 

254,291

$

252,958

 

3,315

 

(5)

 

256,268

A summary of available for sale investment securities with fair values below carrying values at March 31, 2020 is as follows:

Less than 12 months

12 months or longer

Total

Unrealized

Unrealized

Unrealized

    

Fair value 

    

losses

    

Fair value 

    

losses

    

Fair value 

    

losses

(in thousands)

Corporate bonds

$

93,046

(1,385)

93,046

(1,385)

A summary of available for sale investment securities with fair values below carrying values at December 31, 2019 is as follows:

Less than 12 months

12 months or longer

Total

Unrealized

Unrealized

Unrealized

    

Fair value 

    

losses

    

Fair value 

    

losses

    

Fair value 

    

losses

(in thousands)

Corporate bonds

$

4,538

8,056

(5)

12,594

(5)

The Company’s investment portfolio included 24 available for sale securities in an unrealized loss position at March 31, 2020.

The Company evaluated available for sale securities in an unrealized loss position at March 31, 2020, including reviewing credit ratings, assessing the extent of losses, and considering the impact of market conditions for each individual security. The Company concluded no allowance for credit losses was necessary as it expects to recover the entire amortized cost basis of each security. The unrealized losses in the Company’s investment portfolio were primarily caused by changes in interest rates. At this time, the Company does not intend to sell, and does not believe it will be required to sell these securities before recovery of their amortized cost.

For equity securities held at the end of the period, net unrealized losses of $35.9 million and net unrealized gains of $13.1 million were recognized for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and March 31, 2019, respectively.

Sponsored Funds

The Company has classified its equity investments in the Funds as equity method investments (when the Company owns between 20% and 50% of the fund) or equity securities measured at fair value through net income (when the Company owns less than 20% of the fund).  These entities do not meet the criteria of a variable interest entity (“VIE”) and are considered to be voting interest entities (“VOE”). The Company has determined the Funds are VOEs because the structure of the investment products is such that the voting rights held by the equity holders provide for equality among equity investors.  

Sponsored Privately Offered Funds

The Company holds an interest in a privately offered fund structured in the form of a limited liability company.  The members of this entity have the substantive ability to remove the Company as managing member or dissolve the entity upon a simple majority vote.  This entity does not meet the criteria of a VIE and is considered to be a VOE.

13

Consolidated Sponsored Funds

The following table details the balances related to consolidated sponsored funds at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, as well as the Company’s net interest in these funds:

March 31, 

December 31, 

2020

    

2019

    

(in thousands)

Cash

 

$

765

1,530

Investments

 

42,241

 

43,567

Other assets

 

1,107

 

483

Other liabilities

 

(793)

 

Redeemable noncontrolling interests

 

(19,070)

 

(19,205)

Net interest in consolidated sponsored funds

 

$

24,250

26,375

During the three months ended March 31, 2020, we consolidated one Ivy Fund in which we provided initial seed capital at the time of the fund’s formation. When we no longer have a controlling financial interest in a sponsored fund, it is deconsolidated from our consolidated financial statements.  

Fair Value

Accounting standards establish a framework for measuring fair value and a three-level hierarchy for fair value measurements based upon the transparency of inputs to the valuation of the asset.  Inputs may be observable or unobservable and refer broadly to the assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset.  An individual investment’s fair value measurement is assigned a level based upon the observability of the inputs that are significant to the overall valuation.  The three-level hierarchy of inputs is summarized as follows:

Level 1 – Investments are valued using quoted prices in active markets for identical securities.

Level 2 – Investments are valued using other significant observable inputs, including quoted prices in active markets for similar securities.  

Level 3 – Investments are valued using significant unobservable inputs, including the Company’s own assumptions in determining the fair value of investments.

Assets classified as Level 2 can have a variety of observable inputs. These observable inputs are collected and utilized, primarily by an independent pricing service, in different evaluated pricing approaches depending upon the specific asset to determine a value. The carrying amounts of certificates of deposit and commercial paper are measured at amortized cost, which approximates fair value due to the short time between purchase and expected maturity of the investments. Depending on the nature of the inputs, these investments are generally classified as Level 1 or 2 within the fair value hierarchy. U.S. Treasury bills are valued upon quoted market prices for similar assets in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar assets that are not active and inputs other than quoted prices that are observable or corroborated by observable market data. The fair value of corporate bonds is measured using various techniques, which consider recently executed transactions in securities of the issuer or comparable issuers, market price quotations (where observable), bond spreads and fundamental data relating to the issuer. Term loans are valued using a price or composite price from one or more brokers or dealers as obtained from an independent pricing service. The fair value of loans is estimated using recently executed transactions, market price quotations, credit/market events, and cross-asset pricing. Inputs are generally observable market inputs obtained from independent sources. Term loans are generally categorized in Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy, unless key inputs are unobservable in which case they would be categorized as Level 3. The fair value of equity derivatives is measured based on active market broker quotes, evaluated broker quotes and evaluated prices from vendors.

14

The following tables summarize our investment securities as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 that are recognized in our consolidated balance sheets using fair value measurements based on the differing levels of inputs.

March 31, 2020

    

Level 1

    

Level 2

    

Level 3

    

Other Assets Held at Net Asset Value

Total

 

(in thousands)

 

Cash equivalents: (1)

Money market funds

$

7,759

7,759

Commercial paper

19,159

19,159

Total cash equivalents

$

7,759

19,159

26,918

Available for sale securities:

Corporate bonds

$

222,478

222,478

Trading debt securities:

Commercial paper

9,573

9,573

Corporate bonds

77,325

77,325

U.S. Treasury bills

6,022

6,022

Mortgage-backed securities

    

    

3

    

    

3

Term loans

 

 

29,090

 

8,130

 

37,220

Consolidated sponsored funds

 

 

42,241

 

 

42,241

Equity securities:

Common stock

30,528

30,528

Sponsored funds

148,683

148,683

Sponsored privately offered funds measured at net asset value (2)

668

668

Equity method securities: (3)

Sponsored funds

31,039

31,039

Total investment securities

$

210,250

386,732

8,130

668

605,780

15

December 31, 2019

    

Level 1

    

Level 2

    

Level 3

    

Other Assets Held at Net Asset Value

Total

 

(in thousands)

 

Cash equivalents: (1)

Money market funds

$

4,203

4,203

Commercial paper

38,143

38,143

Total cash equivalents

$

4,203

38,143

42,346

Available for sale securities:

Commercial paper

$

1,977

1,977

Corporate bonds

254,291

254,291

Trading debt securities:

Commercial paper

1,977

1,977

Corporate bonds

84,920

84,920

U.S. Treasury bills

5,979

5,979

Mortgage-backed securities

    

    

4

    

    

4

Term Loans

40,368

3,900

44,268

Consolidated sponsored funds

43,567

43,567

Equity securities:

Common stock

 

34,942

 

 

3

 

34,945

Sponsored funds

 

178,386

 

 

 

178,386

Sponsored privately offered funds measured at net asset value (2)

845

845

Equity method securities: (3)

Sponsored funds

37,187

37,187

Total investment securities

$

250,515

433,083

3,903

845

688,346

(1)Cash equivalents include highly liquid investments with original maturities of 90 days or less. Cash investments in actively traded money market funds are measured at net asset value and are classified as Level 1. Cash investments in commercial paper are measured at cost, which approximates fair value because of the short time between purchase of the instrument and its expected realization and are classified as Level 2.

(2)Certain investments that are measured at fair value using the net asset value per share (or its equivalent) practical expedient have not been categorized in the fair value hierarchy.  The fair value amounts presented in this table are intended to permit reconciliation of the fair value hierarchy to the amounts presented in the consolidated balance sheets.

(3)The Company’s equity method investments are investment companies that record their underlying investments at fair value.

16

The following table summarizes the activity of investments categorized as Level 3 for the three months ended March 31, 2020:

    

For the three months ended

March 31, 2020

(in thousands)

Level 3 assets at December 31, 2019

$

3,903

Additions

 

6,020

Transfers in to level 3

7,371

Transfers out of level 3

(5,630)

Losses in Investment and other income

 

(932)

Redemptions/Paydowns

(2,602)

Level 3 assets at March 31, 2020

$

8,130

Change in unrealized losses for Level 3 assets held at
March 31, 2020

$

(158)

5.

Derivative Financial Instruments

The Company has in place an economic hedge program that uses total return swap contracts to hedge market risk related to its investments in certain sponsored funds.  Certain of the consolidated sponsored funds may utilize derivative financial instruments within their portfolios in pursuit of their stated investment objectives.  We do not hedge for speculative purposes.

The Company was party to 17 total return swap contracts with a combined notional value of $223.2 million and 14 total return swap contracts with a combined notional value of $228.2 million as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively. These derivative financial instruments are not designated as hedges for accounting purposes.  Changes in fair value of the total return swap contracts are recognized in Investment and other (loss) income in the Company’s consolidated statements of income.  

The counterparties of the total return swap contracts posted $20.4 million in cash collateral with the Company as of March 31, 2020, which is included in accounts payable in the Company’s consolidated balance sheet.  The Company posted $3.7 million in cash collateral with the counterparties of the total return swap contracts as of December 31, 2019, which is included in customers and other receivables in the Company’s consolidated balance sheet. The Company does not record its fair value in derivative transactions against the posted collateral.

The following table presents the fair value of the derivative financial instruments as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 and is calculated based on Level 2 inputs:

March 31, 

December 31, 

Balance sheet

2020

2019

    

location

    

Fair value

    

Fair value

 

(in thousands)

Total return swap contracts

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

$

20,240

Total return swap contracts

Other current liabilities

3,990

Net total return swap asset (liability)

 

$

20,240

(3,990)

The following is a summary of net gains (losses) recognized in income for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and March 31, 2019:

Three months ended

Income statement

March 31, 

    

location

    

2020

2019

 

(in thousands)

Total return swap contracts

 

Investment and other (loss) income

 

$

42,069

(20,622)

17

6.

Goodwill and Identifiable Intangible Assets

Goodwill represents the excess of purchase price over the tangible assets and identifiable intangible assets of an acquired business.  Our goodwill is not deductible for tax purposes.  The Company performs an annual goodwill impairment assessment during the second quarter of each year.  Given the impacts of COVID-19, the Company also performed an interim goodwill impairment assessment in accordance with ASU 2017-04.  Goodwill and identifiable intangible assets (all considered indefinite lived) at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 are as follows:

March 31, 

December 31, 

 

2020

2019

(in thousands)

Goodwill

    

$

106,970

    

106,970

 

Mutual fund management advisory contracts

 

38,699

 

38,699

Other

 

200

 

200

Total identifiable intangible assets

 

38,899

 

38,899

Total

$

145,869

 

145,869

7.

Indebtedness

Debt is reported at its carrying amount in the consolidated balance sheets.  The fair value, calculated based on Level 2 inputs, of the Company’s senior unsecured notes maturing January 13, 2021 was $96.8 million at March 31, 2020 compared to the carrying value net of debt issuance costs of $94.9 million, which is listed under short-term notes payable in the consolidated balance sheet.

8.

Income Tax Uncertainties

In the accompanying consolidated balance sheets, unrecognized tax benefits that are not expected to be settled within the next 12 months are included in other liabilities; unrecognized tax benefits that are expected to be settled within the next 12 months are included in other current liabilities; unrecognized tax benefits that reduce a net operating loss, similar tax loss, or tax credit carryforward are presented as a reduction to non-current deferred income taxes. As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Company’s consolidated balance sheets included unrecognized tax benefits, including penalties and interest, of $2.0 million ($1.8 million net of federal benefit) and $2.0 million ($1.7 million net of federal benefit), respectively, that if recognized, would impact the Company’s effective tax rate.  

In the ordinary course of business, many transactions occur for which the ultimate tax outcome is uncertain.  In addition, respective tax authorities periodically audit our income tax returns.  These audits examine our significant tax filing positions, including the timing and amounts of deductions and the allocation of income among tax jurisdictions. The Company does not expect the resolution or settlement of any open audits, federal or state, to materially impact the consolidated financial statements.

Our 2016-2019 federal income tax returns are open tax years that remain subject to potential future audit.  Our state income tax returns for all years after 2015 and, in certain states, income tax returns for 2015, are subject to potential future audit by tax authorities in the Company’s major state tax jurisdictions.

18

9.

Pension Plan and Postretirement Benefits Other Than Pension

Benefits payable under our noncontributory retirement plan that covers substantially all employees and certain vested employees of our former parent company (the “Pension Plan”) were based on employees’ years of service and compensation during the final 10 years of employment. On July 26, 2017, the Compensation Committee of the Company’s Board of Directors (“Compensation Committee”) approved an amendment to freeze the Pension Plan, effective September 30, 2017.  After September 30, 2017, participants in the Pension Plan ceased accruing additional benefits for future service or compensation. Participants retain benefits accumulated as of September 30, 2017 in accordance with the terms of the Pension Plan. The Compensation Committee approved the termination of the Pension Plan, effective June 1, 2019, and the Company intends to terminate the Pension Plan in a standard termination, as defined by the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation.  The Company is currently performing the administrative actions required to carry out the termination, with an expected completion date in 2020.

We also sponsor an unfunded defined benefit postretirement medical plan that previously covered substantially all employees, as well as Advisors.  The medical plan is contributory with participant contributions adjusted annually. The medical plan does not provide for benefits after age 65 with the exception of a small group of employees that were grandfathered when this plan was established. During the third quarter of 2016, the Company amended this plan to discontinue the availability of coverage for any individuals who retire after December 31, 2016.

The components of net periodic pension costs and other postretirement costs related to these plans are reflected in the table below. Net periodic pension costs are recorded in investment and other (loss) income on the Company’s consolidated statements of income.

Other

Pension Benefits

Postretirement Benefits

Three months ended March 31, 

Three months ended March 31, 

2020

2019

2020

2019

(in thousands)

Components of net periodic benefit cost:

    

    

    

    

    

Interest cost

$

1,316

 

1,528

 

$

4

 

8

Expected return on plan assets

 

(1,122)

 

(1,590)

 

 

 

Actuarial gain amortization

 

 

 

 

(67)

 

(124)

Prior service credit amortization

 

 

 

 

 

Total

$

194

(62)

$

(63)

(116)

10.

Stockholders’ Equity

Earnings per Share

The components of basic and diluted earnings per share were as follows:

Three months ended

March 31, 

2020

2019

Net income attributable to Waddell & Reed Financial, Inc.

    

$

21,986

    

32,053

    

Weighted average shares outstanding, basic and diluted

 

67,675

76,299

Earnings per share, basic and diluted

$

0.32

0.42

Dividends

During the quarter, the Board of Directors declared a quarterly dividend on our Class A common stock in the amount of $0.25 per share with a May 1, 2020 payment date and an April 10, 2020 record date. The total dividend paid on May 1, 2020 was $16.5 million.

19

Common Stock Repurchases

The Board of Directors has authorized the repurchase of our Class A common stock in the open market and/or private purchases. The acquired shares may be used for corporate purposes, including issuing shares to employees in our stock-based compensation programs.

There were 3,807,438 shares and 2,226,325 shares repurchased in the open market or privately during the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively, which includes 231,393 shares and 149,073 shares, respectively, repurchased from employees who tendered shares to cover income tax withholdings with respect to vesting of stock awards during these two reporting periods.

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

The following tables summarize accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) activity for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and March 31, 2019.

For the three months ended March 31,

Total

Unrealized

Postretirement

accumulated

gains (losses) on

benefits

other

AFS investment

unrealized

comprehensive

securities

gains (losses)

income (loss)

(in thousands)

Balance at December 31, 2019

    

$

2,521

  

713

  

3,234

Other comprehensive loss before reclassification

 

 

(2,228)

 

(2,228)

Amount reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

(202)

(49)

 

(251)

Net current period other comprehensive loss

 

 

(2,430)

(49)

 

(2,479)

Balance at March 31, 2020

$

91

 

664

 

755

Balance at December 31, 2018

    

$

(797)

  

1,128

  

331

Other comprehensive income before reclassification

 

 

1,753

 

 

1,753

Amount reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

(95)

 

(94)

 

(189)

Net current period other comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

1,658

(94)

 

1,564

Balance at March 31, 2019

$

861

 

1,034

 

1,895

Reclassifications from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) and included in net income are summarized in the tables that follow.

Tax

For the three months ended March 31, 2020

Pre-tax

expense

Net of tax

Statement of income line item

(in thousands)

Reclassifications included in net income:

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

Gains on available for sale debt securities

$

266

 

(64)

202

 

Investment and other (loss) income

Amortization of postretirement benefits

67

 

(18)

 

49

 

Compensation and benefits

Total

$

333

 

(82)

 

251

Tax

For the three months ended March 31, 2019

Pre-tax

expense

Net of tax

Statement of income line item

(in thousands)

Reclassifications included in net income:

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

Gains on available for sale debt securities

$

125

 

(30)

95

 

Investment and other (loss) income

Amortization of postretirement benefits

124

 

(30)

 

94

 

Compensation and benefits

Total

$

249

 

(60)

 

189

20

11.

Leases

The Company has operating and finance leases for corporate office space and equipment.  Our leases have remaining lease terms of less than one year to six years, some of which include options to extend leases for up to 20 years, and some of which include options to terminate the leases within one year.  Certain leases include variable lease payments in future periods based on a market index or rate.  We determine if an arrangement is a lease at inception (or the effective date of ASU 2016-02, Leases). Operating lease assets and liabilities are included in other non-current assets, other current liabilities, and other non-current liabilities in our consolidated balance sheets.  Finance leases are included in property and equipment, net, other current liabilities, and other non-current liabilities in our consolidated balance sheets.  

Right-of-use (“ROU”) assets represent our right to use an underlying asset for the lease term, and lease liabilities represent our obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease.  ROU assets and liabilities are recognized at the commencement date (or the effective date of ASU 2016-02, Leases) based on the present value of lease payments over the lease term. The Company uses an incremental borrowing rate based on the information available at the commencement date (or the effective date of ASU 2016-02, Leases) in determining the present value of lease payments. The ROU assets also include any lease payments made and exclude lease incentives. Our lease terms may include options to extend or terminate the lease when it is reasonably certain that we will exercise that option. Lease expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. We have lease agreements with lease and non-lease components, which we have elected not to separate.

During January 2020, we signed a fifteen-year lease, which we expect to commence during 2022, relating to the development of a new 260,000 square foot innovative, distinctive and sustainably-designed corporate headquarters building in the heart of downtown Kansas City, Missouri.  The lease will be recognized in the Company’s consolidated financial statements during the period that includes the lease’s commencement date.

The components of lease expense were as follows:

Three months ended March 31, 

2020

2019

(in thousands)

Operating Lease Cost

$

3,233

 

$

5,318

Finance Lease Cost:

Amortization of ROU assets

$

55

 

$

83

Interest on lease liabilities

9

 

8

Total

$

64

$

91

Supplemental cash flow information related to leases was as follows:

Three months ended March 31, 

2020

2019

(in thousands)

Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities:

    

    

    

    

Operating cash flows from operating leases

$

3,143

 

$

5,238

Operating cash flows from finance leases

 

9

 

 

8

Financing cash flows from finance leases

58

80

ROU assets obtained in exchange for lease obligations:

Operating leases

7

Finance leases

40

21

Supplemental balance sheet information related to leases was as follows:

March 31, 2020

December 31, 2019

(in thousands, except lease term and discount rate)

Operating Leases:

    

    

    

    

Operating lease ROU assets (Other non-current assets)

$

20,478

 

$

23,457

Other current liabilities

$

9,561

$

10,479

Other non-current liabilities

12,726

14,694

Total operating lease liabilities

$

22,287

$

25,173

Finance Leases:

Property and equipment, gross

$

861

$

985

Accumulated depreciation

(676)

(737)

Property and equipment, net

$

185

$

248

Other current liabilities

$

152

$

203

Other non-current liabilities

36

55

Total finance lease liabilities

$

188

$

258

Weighted average remaining lease term:

Operating leases

4 years

4 years

Finance leases

1 year

1 year

Weighted average discount rate:

Operating leases

4.28%

4.32%

Finance leases

6.00%

6.00%

Maturities of lease liabilities are as follows:

Operating

Finance

Leases

Leases

(in thousands)

Year ended December 31,

2020 (excluding the three months ended March 31, 2020)

    

$

8,189

    

140

2021

6,696

43

2022

 

2,465

 

6

2023

 

2,122

 

2024

2,090

Thereafter

 

2,613

 

Total lease payments

 

24,175

 

189

Less imputed interest

(1,888)

(1)

Total

$

22,287

 

188

12.

Contingencies

The Company is involved from time to time in various legal proceedings, regulatory investigations and claims incident to the normal conduct of business, which may include proceedings that are specific to us and others generally applicable to business practices within the industries in which we operate. A substantial legal liability or a significant regulatory action against us could have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition and on the results of operations in a particular quarter or year.

The Company establishes reserves for litigation and similar matters when those matters present material loss contingencies that management determines to be both probable and reasonably estimable in accordance with ASC 450, “Contingencies.” These amounts are not reduced by amounts that may be recovered under insurance or claims against

22

third parties, but undiscounted receivables from insurers or other third parties may be accrued separately. The Company regularly revises such accruals in light of new information. The Company discloses the nature of the contingency when management believes it is reasonably possible the outcome may be significant to the Company’s consolidated financial statements and, where feasible, an estimate of the possible loss. For purposes of our litigation contingency disclosures, “significant” includes material matters as well as other items that management believes should be disclosed. Management’s judgment is required related to contingent liabilities because the outcomes are difficult to predict.

23

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations should be read in conjunction with the unaudited consolidated financial statements and notes to the unaudited consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this report.  Unless otherwise indicated or the context otherwise requires all references to the “Company,” “we,” “our” or “is” refer to Waddell & Reed Financial, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries.

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, which reflect the current views and assumptions of management with respect to future events regarding our business and industry in general.  These forward-looking statements include all statements, other than statements of historical fact, regarding our financial position, business strategy and other plans and objectives for future operations, including statements with respect to revenues and earnings, the amount and composition of AUM and AUA, distribution sources, expense levels, redemption rates, stock repurchases and the financial markets and other conditions.  These statements are generally identified by the use of such words as “may,” “could,” “should,” “would,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “forecast,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “plan,” “project,” “outlook,” “will,” “potential” and similar statements of a future or forward-looking nature.  Readers are cautioned that any forward-looking information provided by us or on our behalf is not a guarantee of future performance.  Actual results may differ materially from those contained in these forward-looking statements as a result of various factors, including but not limited to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and related economic conditions, as well as the factors discussed below.  If one or more events related to these or other risks, contingencies or uncertainties materialize, or if our underlying assumptions prove to be incorrect, actual results may differ materially from those forecasted or expected.  Certain important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from our expectations are disclosed in the “Risk Factors” section of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, which include, without limitation:

The loss of existing distribution relationships or inability to access new distribution relationships;

A reduction in our AUM on short notice, through increased redemptions in our distribution channels or our Funds, particularly those Funds with a high concentration of assets, or investors terminating their relationship with us or shifting their funds to other types of accounts with different rate structures;

The adverse ruling or resolution of any litigation, regulatory investigations and proceedings, or securities arbitrations by a federal or state court or regulatory body;

Changes in our business model, operations and procedures, including our methods of distributing our proprietary products, as a result of evolving fiduciary standards;

The introduction of legislative or regulatory proposals or judicial rulings that change the independent contractor classification of our financial advisors at the federal or state level for employment tax or other employee benefit purposes;

A decline in the securities markets or in the relative investment performance of our Funds and other investment portfolios and products as compared to competing funds;

Our inability to reduce expenses rapidly enough to align with declines in our revenues due to various factors, including fee pressure, the level of our AUM or our business environment;

Non-compliance with applicable laws or regulations and changes in current legal, regulatory, accounting, tax or compliance requirements or governmental policies;

Our inability to attract and retain senior executive management and other key personnel to conduct our business;

A failure in, or breach of, our operational or security systems or our technology infrastructure, or those of third parties on which we rely; and

Our inability to implement new information technology and systems, or our inability to complete such implementation in a timely or cost effective manner.

24

The foregoing factors should not be construed as exhaustive and should be read together with other cautionary statements included in this and other reports and filings we make with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), including the information in Item 1 “Business” and Item 1A “Risk Factors” of Part I and Item 7 “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” of Part II to our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 and as updated in our quarterly reports on Form 10-Q for the year ending December 31, 2020.  All forward-looking statements speak only as of the date on which they are made and we undertake no duty to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except to the extent required by law.

Overview

We are one of the oldest mutual fund and asset management firms in the country, with expertise in a broad range of investment styles and across a variety of market environments. Our earnings and cash flows are heavily dependent on financial market conditions and client activity. Significant increases or decreases in the various securities markets can have a material impact on our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.

Our products are distributed through our unaffiliated channel, or through our wealth management channel by Advisors. Through our institutional channel, we distribute an array of investment styles to a variety of clients.

Through our unaffiliated channel, we distribute mutual funds through broker-dealers, retirement platforms and registered investment advisers through a team of external and internal wholesalers.

In our wealth management channel, we had 922 Advisors and 394 licensed advisor associates as of March 31, 2020, for a total of 1,316 licensed individuals associated with W&R who operate out of offices located throughout the United States and provide financial advice for retirement, education funding, estate planning and other financial needs for clients.

We manage assets in a variety of investment styles in our institutional channel. Most of the clients in this channel are other asset managers that hire us to act as a subadviser for their branded products; they are typically domestic and foreign distributors of investment products who lack scale or the track record to manage internally, or choose to market multi-manager styles. Our diverse client list also includes pension funds, Taft Hartley plans and endowments.

Operating Results

Net income attributable to Waddell & Reed Financial, Inc. for the first quarter of 2020 was $22.0 million, or $0.32 per diluted share, compared to $32.1 million, or $0.42 per diluted share, during the first quarter of 2019.

Revenues of $263.7 million during the first quarter of 2020 increased 2% compared to the first quarter of 2019.  Operating expenses of $224.3 million during the first quarter of 2020 increased slightly compared to the same quarter in 2019. The operating margin was 14.9% during the first quarter of 2020, compared to 13.7% during the first quarter of 2019.

AUM ended the quarter at $56.0 billion, a decrease of 22% compared to the first quarter of 2019 due to market volatility and continued outflows.  Redemptions increased 12% compared to the first quarter of 2019.

Wealth management AUA ended the quarter at $51.8 billion, an 8% decrease compared to the same quarter in 2019 primarily due to market volatility.

During the first quarter of 2020, we returned $71.1 million of capital to stockholders through dividends and share repurchases, compared to $58.5 million in the same period in 2019.  We repurchased 3.8 million shares during the first quarter of 2020.

Our balance sheet remains solid and we ended the first quarter of 2020 with cash and investments of $766.1 million, excluding restricted cash.

25

In the Wealth Management channel, we added 10 experienced Advisors from a variety of different firms during the quarter.  We also completed a pilot launch of the new integrated data repository, WaddellONE Source, allowing seamless access to data and reports across the business.  The integrated data repository will be introduced to the full network of Advisors beginning in the second quarter of 2020.

Impact of COVID-19

The market volatility in March 2020, as a result of the reaction to COVID-19 and its impact on the global economy resulted in significant depreciation in the stock markets.  This market depreciation was reflected in our measures of AUM and AUA for the quarter ended March 31, 2020.  Since AUM and AUA are our primary revenue drivers, revenue began decreasing as the quarter progressed.  AUM as of March 31, 2020 was 15% less than the corresponding average asset level for the quarter.  AUA decreased 14% during the quarter from $60.1 billion at December 31, 2019 to $51.8 billion at March 31, 2020.  Since average assets or beginning of the month assets is the measure by which revenues are calculated, the full revenue impact of the decrease in market value for the period was not realized in the first quarter of 2020.  As such, we may experience additional decreases in revenue in future quarters if asset levels do not increase.  

Some of our expenses, particularly certain distribution expenses, are directly correlated with revenue, and we expect to see decreases in these expenses in future periods in line with the revenue decreases.  In regard to controllable expenses, defined as Compensation and benefits, General and administrative, Technology, Occupancy and Marketing and advertising, the Company has been modeling various management actions and the related financial scenarios for the remainder of the year, including identifying variable costs and any discretionary expenses for savings opportunities, evaluating all ongoing projects for strategic alignment as well as full effectiveness of teams, consultants and contractors and evaluating our open positions.  The Company will continue to prudently manage expenses, but is continuing to take a long-term view of our execution of our strategic plan and financial position.  As we evaluate asset levels for the balance of 2020, we will respond with actions as necessary while maintaining our long-term focus and doing the right thing for our stakeholders.

We transitioned most of our workforce and Advisors to a work from home environment early in March 2020.  By late March, 98% of our employees were working remotely, with negligible downtime.  Our steady and proactive response has allowed our asset management and wealth management businesses to maintain full continuity of service and the access that our clients need and expect.  The transition of employees to a work from home environment did not result in any material incremental expenses during the first quarter of 2020, and we do not expect to incur any material expenses in future periods.  For additional discussion regarding steps we have taken to facilitate safety, security and full continuity of service, please see Part I – Item 1 – “Financial Statements (unaudited), Note 1 – Description of Business and Accounting Policies”, of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

We continue to maintain a strong balance sheet without any significant leverage and ended the quarter with $766.1 million in cash and investments. Our exceptionally strong balance sheet allows us to continue to execute our long-term growth strategies while retaining our focus on controlling expenses.

For additional discussion regarding the risks that can impact our business, results of operations and financial condition due to COVID-19 and the related economic conditions, please see Part II – Item 1A – “Risk Factors”.

26

Assets Under Management

During the first quarter of 2020, AUM decreased 20% to $56.0 billion from $70.0 billion at December 31, 2019 due to net outflows of $2.3 billion and market depreciation of $11.7 billion. Sales of $2.5 billion during the current quarter increased 1% compared to the first quarter of 2019.  Redemptions increased 12% compared to the first quarter of 2019.

Change in Assets Under Management (1)

Three months ended March 31, 2020

 

Wealth

 

 

Unaffiliated(2)

Institutional

Management

Total

 

(in millions)

Beginning Assets

 

$

26,264

 

3,096

 

40,598

 

69,958

Sales (3)

 

1,581

 

43

 

895

 

2,519

Redemptions

 

(3,019)

 

(179)

 

(1,588)

 

(4,786)

Net Exchanges

 

326

 

 

(326)

 

Net Flows

 

(1,112)

 

(136)

 

(1,019)

 

(2,267)

Market Action

 

(4,908)

 

(533)

 

(6,240)

 

(11,681)

Ending Assets

 

$

20,244

 

2,427

 

33,339

 

56,010

Three months ended March 31, 2019

 

Wealth

 

 

Unaffiliated(2)

Institutional

Management

Total

 

(in millions)

Beginning Assets

 

$

24,977

 

3,655

 

37,177

 

65,809

Sales (3)

 

1,593

141

 

754

 

2,488

Redemptions

 

(2,306)

 

(357)

 

(1,626)

 

(4,289)

Net Exchanges

 

276

 

 

(276)

 

Net Flows

 

(437)

 

(216)

 

(1,148)

 

(1,801)

Market Action

 

2,966

 

614

 

4,066

 

7,646

Ending Assets

 

$

27,506

 

4,053

 

40,095

 

71,654

(1)Includes all activity of the Funds and institutional and separate accounts, including money market funds and transactions at net asset value, accounts for which we receive no commissions.

(2)Unaffiliated includes National channel (home office and wholesale), Defined Contribution Investment Only, Registered Investment Advisor and Variable Annuity.

(3)Sales consists of gross sales and includes net reinvested dividends, capital gains and investment income.

27

Average Assets Under Management

Average AUM, which are generally more indicative of trends in revenue from investment management services than the change in ending AUM, are presented below.

Three months ended March 31, 2020

 

Wealth

 

 

Unaffiliated

Institutional

Management

Total

 

(in millions)

Asset Class:

Equity

 

$

19,181

 

2,897

 

28,612

 

$

50,690

Fixed Income

 

4,874

 

 

8,894

 

13,768

Money Market

 

98

 

 

1,568

 

1,666

Total

 

$

24,153

 

2,897

 

39,074

 

$

66,124

Three months ended March 31, 2019

Wealth

Unaffiliated

Institutional

Management

Total

(in millions)

Asset Class:

Equity

 

$

21,143

 

3,948

 

28,798

 

$

53,889

Fixed Income

 

5,176

 

20

 

9,285

 

14,481

Money Market

 

106

 

 

1,634

 

1,740

Total

 

$

26,425

 

3,968

 

39,717

 

$

70,110

Performance

We have seen improvements in trailing one-, three- and five-year performance as measured by the percentage of funds ranked in the top half of their respective Morningstar universes. As measured by percentage of assets, one-year performance improved while three- and five-year performance declined slightly.

The following table is a summary of Morningstar rankings and ratings as of March 31, 2020:

MorningStar Fund Rankings 1

    

1 Year

    

3 Years

    

5 Years

 

Funds ranked in top half

 

52

%  

50

%  

37

%

Assets ranked in top half

 

63

%  

60

%  

37

%

MorningStar Ratings 1

    

Overall

    

3 Years

    

5 Years

 

Funds with 4/5 stars

 

31

%  

25

%  

29

%

Assets with 4/5 stars

 

43

%  

33

%  

40

%

(1) Based on class I share, which reflects the largest concentration of sales and assets.

28

Assets Under Administration

AUA includes both client assets invested in the Funds and in other companies’ products that are distributed through W&R and held in brokerage accounts or within our fee-based asset allocation programs.  AUA as of March 31, 2020 decreased 8% as compared to March 31, 2019 primarily due to market depreciation and ongoing migration away from brokerage, partially offset by growth in net new advisory assets.  We continue to see increased average productivity per advisor due to our efforts to transform W&R into a fully competitive and profitable aspect of our business model, with a focus on higher producing Advisors.

March 31, 2020

March 31, 2019

(in millions)

AUA

Advisory assets

$

23,192

23,671

Non-advisory assets

 

28,644

32,418

Total assets under administration

$

51,836

56,089

Three months ended

Three months ended

March 31, 2020

March 31, 2019

(in millions, except percentage data)

Net new advisory assets (1)

$

356

220

Net new non-advisory assets (1), (2)

 

(697)

(820)

Total net new assets (1), (2)

$

(341)

(600)

Annualized advisory AUA growth (3)

5.3

%

4.2

%

Annualized AUA growth (3)

(2.3)

%

(4.7)

%

Advisors and advisor associates

 

1,316

1,367

Average trailing 12-month production per Advisor (4) (in thousands)

$

462

400

(1)Net new assets are calculated as total client deposits and net transfers less client withdrawals.

(2)Excludes activity related to products held outside of our wealth management platform. These assets represent less than 10% of total AUA.

(3)Annualized growth is calculated as annualized total net new assets divided by beginning AUA.

(4)Production per Advisor is calculated as trailing 12-month Total Underwriting and distribution fees less “other” underwriting and distribution fees divided by the average number of Advisors.  “Other” underwriting and distribution fees predominantly include fees paid by Advisors for programs and services. 

29

Results of Operations — Three Months Ended March 31, 2020 as Compared with Three Months Ended March 31, 2019

Total Revenues

Total revenues increased 2% to $263.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2019.  An increase in underwriting and distribution fees was partially offset by decreases in investment management fees and shareholder service fees.  The increase in underwriting and distribution fees was primarily due to increases in fee-based asset allocation product revenue resulting from higher asset levels during the quarter prior to market declines. The decrease in investment management fees was primarily due to lower average AUM.  The decrease in shareholder service fees was primarily due to a reduction in reimbursements related to the outsourcing of our transfer agency transactional processing operations.

Three months ended

March 31, 

    

2020

    

2019

    

Variance

 

(in thousands, except percentage data)

Investment management fees

$

105,219

 

109,762

 

(4)

%

Underwriting and distribution fees

 

136,943

 

126,245

 

8

%

Shareholder service fees

 

21,571

 

23,403

 

(8)

%

Total revenues

$

263,733

 

259,410

 

2

%

Investment Management Fee Revenues

Investment management fee revenues for the first quarter of 2020 decreased $4.5 million, or 4%, from the first quarter of 2019.  The decrease was due to lower average AUM, partially offset by one additional day in the quarter and an increase in the management fee rate due to a reduction in fee waivers compared to the first quarter of 2019.

The following table summarizes investment management fee revenues, related average AUM, fee waivers and investment management fee rates for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.

Three months ended March 31, 

    

2020

    

2019

    

Variance

 

(in thousands, except for management fee rate and average assets)

Investment management fees (net)

$

102,293

105,745

(3)

%

Average assets (in millions)

$

63,227

66,142

(4)

%

Management fee rate (net)

 

0.6507

%  

0.6484

%  

Total fee waivers

$

6,479

6,706

(3)

%

Institutional investment management fees (net)

$

2,926

4,017

(27)

%

Institutional average assets (in millions)

$

2,897

 

3,968

 

(27)

%

Institutional management fee rate (net)

 

0.4063

%  

 

0.4105

%  

 

Revenues from investment management services provided to our retail mutual funds, which are distributed through the unaffiliated and wealth management channels, decreased 3% in the first quarter of 2020 compared to the same period in 2019.  This decrease was due to a decrease in average AUM and was partially offset by one more day in the quarter and a higher effective management fee rate due to a reduction in fee waivers and a shift in product mix.  Institutional account revenues in the first quarter of 2020 decreased $1.1 million compared to the first quarter of 2019.  The decrease was due to a decrease in average AUM.  Effective April 1, 2020, new fee waivers were added on our large cap growth and core bond products, which will reduce future investment management fees.

30

Annualized long-term redemption rates

(excludes money market redemptions)

Three months ended

March 31, 

    

2020

    

2019

    

Unaffiliated channel

 

50.9

%  

35.8

%  

Institutional channel

 

24.9

%  

36.6

%  

Wealth Management channel

 

14.6

%  

14.5

%  

Total

 

28.5

%  

23.9

%  

The long-term redemption rate for the three months ended March 31, 2020 increased in the unaffiliated channel as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2019.  Increased market volatility during the quarter led to continued redemptions, particularly in our International Core Equity fund. The long-term redemption rate decreased in the institutional channel, primarily due to elevated client redemptions from our Core Equity and Large Cap Growth strategies during the first quarter of 2019.  In the wealth management channel, the long-term redemption rate was relatively constant for the comparative periods.  Prolonged redemptions in any of our distribution channels could negatively affect revenues in future periods.

The current year-to-date industry average redemption rate, based on data provided by the Investment Company Institute, was 24.5%, versus our rate of 28.5%.

Underwriting and Distribution Fee Revenues

The following tables summarize the significant components of underwriting and distribution fee revenues by distribution channel:

For the three months ended March 31, 2020

 

 

Wealth

 

Unaffiliated

 

Management

Total

 

(in thousands)

Underwriting and distribution fee revenues

Fee-based asset allocation product revenues

$

 

77,118

 

77,118

Rule 12b-1 service and distribution fees

 

15,276

 

14,589

 

29,865

Sales commissions on front-end load mutual fund and variable annuity products

 

451

11,958

 

12,409

Sales commissions on other products

 

 

8,699

 

8,699

Other revenues

 

135

 

8,717

 

8,852

Total

 

$

15,862

 

121,081

 

136,943

For the three months ended March 31, 2019

 

Wealth

Unaffiliated

 

Management

Total

(in thousands)

Underwriting and distribution fee revenues

Fee-based asset allocation product revenues

 

$

 

65,230

 

65,230

Rule 12b-1 service and distribution fees

 

16,465

 

15,405

 

31,870

Sales commissions on front-end load mutual fund and variable annuity products

 

443

 

12,015

 

12,458

Sales commissions on other products

 

 

7,606

 

7,606

Other revenues

 

92

 

8,989

 

9,081

Total

 

$

17,000

 

109,245

 

126,245

Underwriting and distribution revenues earned in the first quarter of 2020 increased by $10.7 million, or 8%, compared to the first quarter of 2019.  The increase was primarily due to increases in fee-based asset allocation product revenues and sales commissions, partially offset by a decrease in Rule 12b-1 asset-based service and distribution fees.  Fee-based asset allocation product revenues increased due to an increase in average beginning of month fee-based asset allocation assets on which these fees are based. Additionally, sales commissions increased primarily due to an increase in insurance and general securities commissionable sales.  Rule 12b-1 asset-based service and distribution fees decreased across both channels due to a decrease in average mutual fund AUM for which we earn Rule 12b-1 revenues.

31

Shareholder Service Fee Revenue

During the first quarter of 2020, shareholder service fee revenue decreased $1.8 million, or 8%, compared to the first quarter of 2019.  The decrease was primarily due to a reduction in reimbursements related to the outsourcing of our transfer agency transactional processing operations and a decrease in the number of accounts and assets on which these fees are based.

Total Operating Expenses

Operating expenses for the first quarter of 2020 increased $0.5 million compared to the first quarter of 2019.  The increase was primarily due to increases in distribution and general and administrative expenses, offset by decreases in compensation and benefits, technology, occupancy and depreciation expenses.

Three months ended

March 31, 

    

2020

    

2019

    

Variance

 

(in thousands)

Distribution

$

120,033

 

109,794

 

9

%  

Compensation and benefits

 

58,425

 

64,843

 

(10)

%  

General and administrative

 

18,598

 

14,704

 

26

%  

Technology

 

13,502

 

16,308

 

(17)

%  

Occupancy

 

4,709

 

6,715

 

(30)

%  

Marketing and advertising

 

1,896

 

1,964

 

(3)

%  

Depreciation

3,513

6,001

(41)

%  

Subadvisory fees

3,666

3,557

3

%  

Total operating expenses

$

224,342

 

223,886

 

Distribution expenses for the first quarter of 2020 increased by $10.2 million, or 9%, compared to the first quarter of 2019.  The increase in expense was primarily due to increases in underwriting and distribution fees revenue and an increase in the average payout rate to Advisors.

Compensation and benefits during the first quarter of 2020 decreased $6.4 million, or 10%, compared to the same period of 2019, primarily due to lower share-based compensation from a shift in grant dates and mark-to-market adjustments of cash-settled restricted stock unit awards, lower incentive compensation costs and lower headcount.  

General and administrative expenses for the first quarter of 2020 increased $3.9 million, or 26%, compared to the first quarter of 2019.  The increase was primarily due to the shift of our transfer agency transactional processing operations outsourcing costs from technology expenses to general and administrative expenses, partially offset by lower travel and meetings costs due to a transition to virtual meetings.  

Technology expense for the first quarter of 2020 decreased $2.8 million, or 17%, compared to the same period of 2019. The decrease was primarily due to costs related to the transfer agency transactional processing operations outsourcing shifting to general and administrative expenses, partially offset by increased consulting and software costs for new technologies.  

Occupancy expense for the first quarter of 2020 decreased $2.0 million, or 30%, compared to the first quarter of 2019 due to the planned transition of field offices from corporate-leased space to Advisor personal branch offices.

Depreciation expense for the first quarter of 2020 decreased $2.5 million, or 41%, compared to the first quarter of 2019.  The decrease was primarily due to fully depreciated capitalized development assets.

32

Investment and Other (Loss) Income  

Investment and other (loss) income for the three months ended March 31, 2020 decreased $17.2 million, compared to the same period in 2019 primarily due to unrealized losses, net of hedging activity, on the seed and corporate investment portfolios in the current period compared to unrealized gains, net of hedging activity, in the prior year comparative period.

Taxes

The following table reconciles the statutory federal income tax rate with our effective income tax rate from continuing operations for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019:

    

Three months ended

March 31,

2020

    

2019

Statutory federal income tax rate

 

21.0

%  

21.0

%  

State income taxes, net of federal tax benefit

 

4.5

2.8

Permanent differences

4.0

0.6

Share-based compensation

1.4

0.4

Losses (income) attributable to redeemable noncontrolling interests

 

1.1

(0.3)

Other items

 

0.1

Effective income tax rate

 

32.0

%  

24.6

%  

Our effective income tax rate was 32.0% for the three months ended March 31, 2020, as compared to 24.6% for the same period in 2019, an increase of 7.4%.  Due to the impact that we expect the COVID-19 pandemic will have on our business throughout 2020, we are forecasting a decline in estimated pre-tax income for the remainder of 2020 as compared to more favorable year-to-date results through March 31, 2020, which is increasing the proportional tax impact of state income taxes and permanent differences on our rate.

The Company expects continued future volatility in its effective tax rate as the tax effects of share-based compensation will be impacted by market fluctuations in our stock price. During the second quarter of 2020, we estimate that vestings of restricted stock awards will create a tax shortfall of $1.5 million.  The future effective tax rate could also experience volatility from federal and state tax incentives, unanticipated federal and state tax legislative changes, and unanticipated fluctuations in earnings.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Management believes its available cash, marketable securities and expected cash flow from operations will be sufficient to fund the Company’s short-term operating and capital requirements. Expected short-term uses of cash include dividend payments, repurchases of our Class A common stock, interest on indebtedness and maturities of outstanding debt in January 2021, income tax payments, seed money for new products, ongoing technology enhancements, capital expenditures, and collateral funding for margin accounts established to support derivative positions, and could include strategic acquisitions.

Expected long-term capital requirements include operating leases and purchase obligations. Other possible long-term discretionary uses of cash could include capital expenditures for enhancement of technology infrastructure, strategic acquisitions, payment of dividends, seed money for new products, and repurchases of our Class A common stock.

Our operations provide much of the cash necessary to fund our priorities, as follows:

Pay dividends
Repurchase our stock
Finance growth objectives

Our existing capital return policy is designed to provide financial flexibility to invest in our business, support ongoing operations and maintain a strong balance sheet, while continuing to provide a very competitive return to stockholders.  The components of the capital return policy are described below.

33

Pay Dividends

We paid quarterly dividends on our Class A common stock that resulted in financing cash outflows of $17.1 million and $19.3 million for the first three months of 2020 and 2019, respectively.  

The Board of Directors approved a dividend on our Class A common stock of $0.25 per share with a May 1, 2020 payment date and an April 10, 2020 record date. The total dividend paid on May 1, 2020 was $16.5 million.

Repurchase Our Stock

We repurchased 3,807,438 shares and 2,226,325 shares of our Class A common stock in the open market or privately during the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively, resulting in share repurchases of $53.9 million and $39.1 million, respectively.  We continue to engage in an active share repurchase plan as part of our ongoing capital management plan.

Finance Growth Objectives

We use cash to fund growth in our distribution channels. We continue to invest in our wealth management channel by offering home office resources, wholesaling efforts and enhanced technology tools, including the modernization of our wealth management platforms. Our unaffiliated channel requires cash outlays for wholesaler commissions and commissions to third parties on deferred-load product sales and technology enhancements for asset management and distribution. We also provide seed money for new products to further enhance our product offerings and distribution efforts.  As we continue to advance our investment in improved technology, we expect increased costs in this area in the near term.

Cash Flows

Cash from operations is our primary source of funds. Cash from operations increased $46.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2019.  The increase is primarily due to cash inflows during the first quarter of 2020 as compared to cash outflows during the first quarter of 2019 related to our total return swap and is partially offset by lower net income.

The payable to investment companies for securities, payable to customers and other receivables accounts can fluctuate significantly based on trading activity at the end of a reporting period.  Changes in these accounts resulted in variances within cash from operations on the statement of cash flows; however, there is no impact to the Company’s liquidity and operations due to the variances in these accounts.

Investing activities consist primarily of the seeding and sale of sponsored investment securities, purchases and maturities of investments held in our corporate investment portfolio and capital expenditures.

Financing activities include payment of dividends and repurchases of our Class A common stock.  Future financing cash outflows will be affected by the existing capital return policy.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

There have been no material changes in the critical accounting policies and estimates disclosed in the “Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates” section of our 2019 Form 10-K.

34

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

We are primarily exposed to market risk associated with unfavorable movements in interest rates and securities prices for both our corporate investments and our AUM and AUA, on which our revenues are based, and credit risk related to collateral on our economic hedge program derivative trading.  The Company has had no material changes in its market risk policies or its market risk sensitive instruments and positions since December 31, 2019 other than the changes to the investment and derivative portfolios disclosed in Note 4 and Note 5 to the unaudited consolidated financial statements and changes to AUM and AUA in Part I – Item 2 – "Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations”.  As further described in Note 5, the Company has an economic hedge program that uses total return swap contracts to hedge market risk related to its investments in sponsored funds.  

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

The Company maintains a system of disclosure controls and procedures that is designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the Company in the reports that it files or submits under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms and that such information is accumulated and communicated to the Company’s management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.  A control system, no matter how well conceived and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the objectives of the control system are met.  The Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, after evaluating the effectiveness of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) of the Exchange Act) as of March 31, 2020, have concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of March 31, 2020.

The Company’s internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) is designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles.  There were no changes in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2020 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.  However, because of the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, within the Company have been detected.

Part II.

Other Information

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

Except as noted below, there have been no material changes to the Company’s Risk Factors from those previously reported in the Company’s 2019 Form 10-K.

The COVID-19 Pandemic Could Have a Material Adverse Effect on Our Business, Results of Operations or Financial Condition.  The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has caused significant disruption in global financial markets, including significant declines and volatility in the securities markets.  This has resulted in a decline in our AUM and AUA, which negatively impacts our future revenues, earnings and growth prospects.  In addition, certain of the risk factors set forth in the 2019 Form 10-K could be heightened by the effects of COVID-19 pandemic and related economic conditions resulting in a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations or financial condition, including due to:

further declines in the securities markets or our Funds’ performance, which could result in decreased sales and increased redemptions;
unprecedented market dislocation and disparate impact on particular businesses and industries;
availability of financing capital;
disruption of worldwide supply chains;
negative impacts to our distribution channels or other financial institutions with which we do business;
a work-from-home environment, which could result in reductions in our operating effectiveness or efficiency, increased operational, compliance and cybersecurity risks, the failure of controls and risk management policies to identify and manage risks, or the failure or breach of our operational or security systems or our technology infrastructure;

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the unavailability of key personnel necessary to conduct our business activities and operational challenges and costs associated with the return of employees from their remote working environments to the workplace;
travel and visitation restrictions that limit our ability to engage with management of businesses in which we invest or may invest and with clients and business partners;
the ability of Advisors to interact with clients and access their leased office spaces;
actions and recommendations of federal, state and local governments in response to the COVID-19 pandemic; or
our inability to reduce the level of our expenses to align with decreases in our revenues.

We are unable to accurately predict the ultimate impact of the COVID-19 pandemic due to various uncertainties, including the duration of the outbreak and length of time it will take for the financial markets and economy to recover and for our employees to safely return to the workplace. We closely monitor the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, continually assessing its potential effects on our business and on the businesses in which we invest. The extent to which our business and financial results are affected by COVID-19 will largely depend on future developments, which cannot be accurately predicted and are uncertain.  

For additional discussion regarding the impact on our business, results of operations and financial condition due to COVID-19 and the related economic conditions, please see Part I – Item 2 – "Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Impact of COVID-19”.

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

The following table sets forth certain information about the shares of Class A common stock we repurchased during the first quarter of 2020.

    

    

    

Total Number of

    

Maximum Number (or

Shares

Approximate Dollar

Purchased as

Value) of Shares That

Total Number

Average

Part of Publicly

May Yet Be

of Shares

Price Paid

Announced

Purchased Under The

Period

Purchased

per Share

Program (1)

Program (1)

January 1 - January 31

 

899,487

$

16.51

 

668,600

 

n/a

February 1 - February 29

 

940,506

 

15.62

 

940,000

 

n/a

March 1 - March 31

 

1,967,445

 

12.36

 

1,967,445

 

n/a

Total

 

3,807,438

$

14.15

 

3,576,045

(1)In October 2012, our Board of Directors approved a program to repurchase shares of our Class A common stock on the open market.  Under the repurchase program, we are authorized to repurchase, in any seven-day period, the greater of (i) 3% of our outstanding Class A common stock or (ii) $50 million of our Class A common stock.  We may repurchase our Class A common stock in privately negotiated transactions or through the New York Stock Exchange, other national or regional market systems, electronic communication networks or alternative trading systems.  Our stock repurchase program does not have an expiration date or an aggregate maximum number or dollar value of shares that may be repurchased.  We continue to engage in an active share repurchase plan.

During the first quarter of 2020, 231,393 shares were purchased in connection with funding employee income tax withholding obligations arising from the vesting of restricted shares.

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Item 6.

Exhibits

3.1

Amended and Restated Bylaws of Waddell & Reed Financial, Inc. Filed as Exhibit 3.2 to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, File No. 001-13913, for the year ended December 31, 2019 and incorporated herein by reference.

10.1

Waddell & Reed Financial, Inc. Executive Incentive Plan, as amended and restated. Filed as Exhibit 10.6 to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, File No. 001-13913, for the year ended December 31, 2019 and incorporated herein by reference.

10.2

Form of Restricted Stock Award Agreement for awards pursuant to the Waddell & Reed Financial, Inc. Stock Incentive Plan, as amended and restated. Filed as Exhibit 10.11 to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, File No. 001-13913, for the year ended December 31, 2019 and incorporated herein by reference.

10.3

Form of Restricted Stock Award Agreement for awards to Non-Employee Directors pursuant to the Waddell & Reed Financial, Inc. Stock Incentive Plan, as amended and restated. Filed as Exhibit 10.14 to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, File No. 001-13913, for the year ended December 31, 2019 and incorporated herein by reference.

10.4

Waddell & Reed Financial, Inc. Cash Settled RSU Plan. Filed as Exhibit 10.15 to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, File No. 001-13913, for the year ended December 31, 2019 and incorporated herein by reference.

10.5

Form of Restricted Stock Unit Award Agreement for awards pursuant to the Waddell & Reed Financial, Inc. Cash Settled RSU Plan. Filed as Exhibit 10.18 to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, File No. 001-13913, for the year ended December 31, 2019 and incorporated herein by reference.

31.1*

Section 302 Certification of Chief Executive Officer

31.2*

Section 302 Certification of Chief Financial Officer

32.1**

Section 906 Certification of Chief Executive Officer

32.2**

Section 906 Certification of Chief Financial Officer

101*

Materials from the Waddell & Reed Financial, Inc. Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2020, formatted in Inline Extensible Business Reporting Language (iXBRL):  (i) Consolidated Balance Sheets, (ii) Consolidated Statements of Income, (iii) Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income, (iv) Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity, (v) Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, and (vi) related Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements, tagged in detail.

104*

Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101)

*     Filed herewith

**   Furnished herewith

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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized, this 1st day of May 2020.

WADDELL & REED FINANCIAL, INC.

By:

/s/ Philip J. Sanders

Chief Executive Officer and Director

(Principal Executive Officer)

By:

/s/ Benjamin R. Clouse

Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

(Principal Financial Officer)

By:

/s/ Michael J. Daley

Vice President, Chief Accounting Officer, Investor Relations and Treasurer

(Principal Accounting Officer)

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