Loading...
Docoh

Essex Portfolio (ESS)

Filed: 27 Oct 21, 5:05pm
                                
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2021

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from ________to _________

001-13106 (Essex Property Trust, Inc.)
333-44467-01 (Essex Portfolio, L.P.)
(Commission File Number)

ESSEX PROPERTY TRUST, INC.
ESSEX PORTFOLIO, L.P.
(Exact name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)
Maryland77-0369576
(Essex Property Trust, Inc.)(Essex Property Trust, Inc.)
California77-0369575
 (Essex Portfolio, L.P.)(Essex Portfolio, L.P.)
(State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation or Organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification Number)
1100 Park Place, Suite 200
San Mateo, California 94403
(Address of Principal Executive Offices, Including Zip Code)

(650) 655-7800
(Registrant's Telephone Number, Including Area Code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: 
Title of each classTrading
Symbol(s)
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $.0001 par value (Essex Property Trust, Inc.)ESSNew York Stock Exchange

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Essex Property Trust, Inc.YesNoEssex Portfolio, L.P.YesNo

i


Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).
Essex Property Trust, Inc.YesNoEssex Portfolio, L.P.YesNo

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company" and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. 

Essex Property Trust, Inc.:
Large accelerated filer
Accelerated filerNon-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company

Essex Portfolio, L.P.:
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filerNon-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Essex Property Trust, Inc.Essex Portfolio, L.P.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Essex Property Trust, Inc.YesNoEssex Portfolio, L.P.YesNo
 
APPLICABLE ONLY TO CORPORATE ISSUERS:
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer's classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date: 65,087,831 shares of Common Stock ($.0001 par value) of Essex Property Trust, Inc. were outstanding as of October 25, 2021.
ii


EXPLANATORY NOTE

This report combines the reports on Form 10-Q for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2021 of Essex Property Trust, Inc., a Maryland corporation, and Essex Portfolio, L.P., a Delaware limited partnership of which Essex Property Trust, Inc. is the sole general partner.

Unless stated otherwise or the context otherwise requires, references to the "Company," "we," "us" or "our" mean collectively Essex Property Trust, Inc. and those entities/subsidiaries owned or controlled by Essex Property Trust, Inc., including Essex Portfolio, L.P., and references to the "Operating Partnership" mean Essex Portfolio, L.P. and those entities/subsidiaries owned or controlled by Essex Portfolio, L.P. Unless stated otherwise or the context otherwise requires, references to "Essex" mean Essex Property Trust, Inc., not including any of its subsidiaries.

Essex operates as a self-administered and self-managed real estate investment trust ("REIT"), and is the sole general partner of the Operating Partnership. As the sole general partner of the Operating Partnership, Essex has exclusive control of the Operating Partnership's day-to-day management.

The Company is structured as an umbrella partnership REIT ("UPREIT") and Essex contributes all net proceeds from its various equity offerings to the Operating Partnership. In return for those contributions, Essex receives a number of Operating Partnership limited partnership units ("OP Units," and the holders of such OP Units, "Unitholders") equal to the number of shares of common stock it has issued in the equity offerings. Contributions of properties to the Company can be structured as tax-deferred transactions through the issuance of OP Units, which is one of the reasons why the Company is structured in the manner outlined above. Based on the terms of the Operating Partnership's partnership agreement, OP Units can be exchanged into Essex common stock on a one-for-one basis. The Company maintains a one-for-one relationship between the OP Units issued to Essex and shares of common stock.

The Company believes that combining the reports on Form 10-Q of Essex and the Operating Partnership into this single report provides the following benefits:

enhances investors' understanding of Essex and the Operating Partnership by enabling investors to view the business as a whole in the same manner as management views and operates the business;
eliminates duplicative disclosure and provides a more streamlined and readable presentation since a substantial portion of the disclosure applies to both Essex and the Operating Partnership; and
creates time and cost efficiencies through the preparation of one combined report instead of two separate reports.

Management operates Essex and the Operating Partnership as one business. The management of Essex consists of the same members as the management of the Operating Partnership.

All of the Company's property ownership, development, and related business operations are conducted through the Operating Partnership and Essex has no material assets, other than its investment in the Operating Partnership. Essex's primary function is acting as the general partner of the Operating Partnership. As general partner with control of the Operating Partnership, Essex consolidates the Operating Partnership for financial reporting purposes. Therefore, the assets and liabilities of Essex and the Operating Partnership are the same on their respective financial statements. Essex also issues equity from time to time and guarantees certain debt of the Operating Partnership, as disclosed in this report. The Operating Partnership holds substantially all of the assets of the Company, including the Company's ownership interests in its co-investments. The Operating Partnership conducts the operations of the business and is structured as a partnership with no publicly traded equity. Except for the net proceeds from equity offerings by the Company, which are contributed to the capital of the Operating Partnership in exchange for OP Units (on a one-for-one share of common stock per OP Unit basis), the Operating Partnership generates all remaining capital required by the Company's business. These sources of capital include the Operating Partnership's working capital, net cash provided by operating activities, borrowings under its revolving credit facilities, the issuance of secured and unsecured debt and equity securities and proceeds received from disposition of certain properties and co-investments.

The Company believes it is important to understand the few differences between Essex and the Operating Partnership in the context of how Essex and the Operating Partnership operate as a consolidated company. Stockholders' equity, partners' capital and noncontrolling interest are the main areas of difference between the condensed consolidated financial statements of Essex and those of the Operating Partnership. The limited partners of the Operating Partnership are accounted for as partners' capital in the Operating Partnership's condensed consolidated financial statements and as noncontrolling interest in Essex’s condensed consolidated financial statements. The noncontrolling interest in the Operating Partnership's condensed consolidated financial statements include the interest of unaffiliated partners in various consolidated partnerships and co-investment partners. The noncontrolling interest in Essex's condensed consolidated financial statements include (i) the same noncontrolling interest as
iii


presented in the Operating Partnership’s condensed consolidated financial statements and (ii) OP Unitholders. The differences between stockholders' equity and partners' capital result from differences in the equity issued at Essex and Operating Partnership levels.
 
To help investors understand the significant differences between Essex and the Operating Partnership, this report on Form 10-Q provides separate condensed consolidated financial statements for Essex and the Operating Partnership; a single set of consolidated notes to such financial statements that includes separate discussions of stockholders' equity or partners' capital, and earnings per share/unit, as applicable; and a combined Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

This report on Form 10-Q also includes separate Part I, Item 4. Controls and Procedures sections and separate Exhibits 31 and 32 certifications for each of Essex and the Operating Partnership in order to establish that the requisite certifications have been made and that Essex and the Operating Partnership are compliant with Rule 13a-15 or Rule 15d-15 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the "Exchange Act") and 18 U.S.C. §1350.

In order to highlight the differences between Essex and the Operating Partnership, the separate sections in this report on Form 10-Q for Essex and the Operating Partnership specifically refer to Essex and the Operating Partnership. In the sections that combine disclosure of Essex and the Operating Partnership, this report refers to actions or holdings as being actions or holdings of the Company. Although the Operating Partnership is generally the entity that directly or indirectly enters into contracts and co-investments and holds assets and debt, reference to the Company is appropriate because the Company is one business and the Company operates that business through the Operating Partnership. The separate discussions of Essex and the Operating Partnership in this report should be read in conjunction with each other to understand the results of the Company on a consolidated basis and how management operates the Company.

The information furnished in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets, statements of income and comprehensive income, equity, capital, and cash flows of the Company and the Operating Partnership reflect all adjustments which are, in the opinion of management, necessary for a fair presentation of the aforementioned condensed consolidated financial statements for the interim periods and are normal and recurring in nature, except as otherwise noted.

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the notes to such unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations herein. Additionally, these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements included in the Company's annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.
iv


ESSEX PROPERTY TRUST, INC.
ESSEX PORTFOLIO, L.P.
FORM 10-Q
TABLE OF CONTENTS

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATIONPage No.
Item 1.Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements of Essex Property Trust, Inc. (Unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements of Essex Portfolio, L.P. (Unaudited) 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION 
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Item 5.
Item 6.
1

Part I – Financial Information

Item 1. Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
ESSEX PROPERTY TRUST, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Unaudited)
(In thousands, except parenthetical and share amounts)
ASSETSSeptember 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Real estate:
Rental properties:
Land and land improvements$2,997,904 $2,929,009 
Buildings and improvements12,414,770 12,132,736 
 15,412,674 15,061,745 
Less: accumulated depreciation(4,509,243)(4,133,959)
 10,903,431 10,927,786 
Real estate under development212,426 386,047 
Co-investments1,081,861 1,018,010 
Real estate held for sale— 57,938 
12,197,718 12,389,781 
Cash and cash equivalents-unrestricted49,910 73,629 
Cash and cash equivalents-restricted11,042 10,412 
Marketable securities, net of allowance for credit losses of zero as of both September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020183,140 147,768 
Notes and other receivables, net of allowance for credit losses of $0.7 million and $0.8 million as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively (includes related party receivables of $33.9 million and $4.7 million as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively)213,985 195,104 
Operating lease right-of-use assets69,756 72,143 
Prepaid expenses and other assets63,090 47,340 
Total assets$12,788,641 $12,936,177 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY  
Unsecured debt, net$5,405,520 $5,607,985 
Mortgage notes payable, net640,118 643,550 
Lines of credit42,662 — 
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities220,428 152,855 
Construction payable32,777 31,417 
Dividends payable143,036 141,917 
Distributions in excess of investments in co-investments29,037 — 
Operating lease liabilities71,520 74,037 
Liabilities associated with real estate held for sale— 29,845 
Other liabilities38,946 39,140 
Total liabilities6,624,044 6,720,746 
Commitments and contingencies00
Redeemable noncontrolling interest32,698 32,239 
Equity:  
Common stock; $0.0001 par value, 670,000,000 shares authorized; 65,081,032 and 64,999,015 shares issued and outstanding, respectively
Additional paid-in capital6,875,508 6,876,326 
Distributions in excess of accumulated earnings(917,315)(861,193)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss, net(8,968)(14,729)
Total stockholders' equity5,949,232 6,000,410 
Noncontrolling interest182,667 182,782 
Total equity6,131,899 6,183,192 
Total liabilities and equity$12,788,641 $12,936,177 

See accompanying notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
2

ESSEX PROPERTY TRUST, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income and Comprehensive Income
(Unaudited)
(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)
 Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2021202020212020
Revenues:
Rental and other property$360,620 $368,464 $1,062,253 $1,126,363 
Management and other fees from affiliates2,237 2,347 6,707 7,312 
 362,857 370,811 1,068,960 1,133,675 
Expenses:  
Property operating, excluding real estate taxes69,529 68,037 197,895 197,310 
Real estate taxes45,802 44,358 135,408 132,364 
Corporate-level property management expenses9,068 8,619 27,120 26,024 
Depreciation and amortization130,564 130,202 387,887 395,370 
General and administrative12,712 13,310 34,746 42,244 
Expensed acquisition and investment related costs108 164 104 
 267,783 264,528 783,220 793,416 
Gain on sale of real estate and land42,897 22,654 142,993 39,251 
Earnings from operations137,971 128,937 428,733 379,510 
Interest expense(50,019)(55,430)(152,639)(165,024)
Total return swap income2,660 2,977 8,137 7,749 
Interest and other income11,998 6,512 48,756 12,696 
Equity income from co-investments25,433 14,960 60,692 53,514 
Deferred tax expense on unrealized gain on unconsolidated co-investment(3,041)— (5,391)(1,636)
Loss on early retirement of debt, net— (19,114)(18,982)(23,820)
Gain on remeasurement of co-investment— — 2,260 234,694 
Net income125,002 78,842 371,566 497,683 
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest(6,612)(5,181)(19,886)(24,558)
Net income available to common stockholders$118,390 $73,661 $351,680 $473,125 
Comprehensive income$125,829 $80,818 $377,529 $494,668 
Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interest(6,639)(5,247)(20,088)(24,455)
Comprehensive income attributable to controlling interest$119,190 $75,571 $357,441 $470,213 
Per share data:  
Basic:  
Net income available to common stockholders$1.82 $1.13 $5.41 $7.22 
Weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period65,048,486 65,232,837 65,013,477 65,561,820 
Diluted:  
Net income available to common stockholders$1.82 $1.13 $5.40 $7.21 
Weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period65,147,781 65,241,428 65,075,174 65,676,093 

See accompanying notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
3

ESSEX PROPERTY TRUST, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Equity for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020
(Unaudited)
(In thousands)
 Common stockAdditional paid-in capitalDistributions
in excess of accumulated
earnings
Accumulated
other
comprehensive loss, net
Noncontrolling interestTotal
Three months ended September 30, 2021SharesAmount
Balances at June 30, 202165,004 $$6,862,879 $(899,663)$(9,768)$183,248 $6,136,703 
Net income— — — 118,390 — 6,612 125,002 
Change in fair value of derivatives and amortization of swap settlements— — — — 704 24 728 
Change in fair value of marketable debt securities, net— — — — 96 99 
Issuance of common stock under:      
Stock option and restricted stock plans, net68 — 15,572 — — — 15,572 
Sale of common stock, net— — (118)— — — (118)
Equity based compensation costs— — 1,573 — — 55 1,628 
Changes in the redemption value of redeemable noncontrolling interest— — 1,253 — — 420 1,673 
Distributions to noncontrolling interest— — — — — (7,257)(7,257)
Redemptions of noncontrolling interest— (5,651)— — (438)(6,089)
Common stock dividends ($2.09 per share)— — — (136,042)— — (136,042)
Balances at September 30, 202165,081 $$6,875,508 $(917,315)$(8,968)$182,667 $6,131,899 

4

 Common stockAdditional paid-in capitalDistributions
in excess of accumulated
earnings
Accumulated
other
comprehensive loss, net
Noncontrolling interestTotal
Nine months ended September 30, 2021SharesAmount
Balances at December 31, 202064,999 $$6,876,326 $(861,193)$(14,729)$182,782 $6,183,192 
Net income— — — 351,680 — 19,886 371,566 
Change in fair value of derivatives and amortization of swap settlements— — — — 5,417 190 5,607 
Change in fair value of marketable debt securities, net— — — — 344 12 356 
Issuance of common stock under:
Stock option and restricted stock plans, net112 12,401 — — — 12,402 
Sale of common stock, net— — (202)— — — (202)
Equity based compensation costs— — 9,172 — — 323 9,495 
Retirement of common stock, net(40)— (9,172)— — — (9,172)
Changes in the redemption value of redeemable noncontrolling interest— — (5,499)— — 577 (4,922)
Contributions from noncontrolling interest— — — — — 1,900 1,900 
Distributions to noncontrolling interest— — — — — (22,114)(22,114)
Redemptions of noncontrolling interest10 — (7,518)— — (889)(8,407)
Common stock dividends ($6.27 per share)— — — (407,802)— — (407,802)
Balances at September 30, 202165,081 $$6,875,508 $(917,315)$(8,968)$182,667 $6,131,899 
5

 Common stockAdditional paid-in capitalDistributions
in excess of accumulated
earnings
Accumulated
other
comprehensive loss, net
Noncontrolling InterestTotal
Three months ended September 30, 2020SharesAmount
Balances at June 30, 202065,331 $$6,944,805 $(760,028)$(18,710)$186,807 $6,352,881 
Net income— — — 73,661 — 5,181 78,842 
Change in fair value of derivatives and amortization of swap settlements— — — — 1,821 63 1,884 
Change in fair value of marketable debt securities, net— — — — 89 92 
Issuance of common stock under:      
Sale of common stock, net— — (95)— — — (95)
Equity based compensation costs— — 2,279 — — 82 2,361 
Retirement of common stock, net(121)— (26,586)— — — (26,586)
Changes in the redemption value of redeemable noncontrolling interest— — 2,346 — — 176 2,522 
Distributions to noncontrolling interest— — — — — (7,677)(7,677)
Redemptions of noncontrolling interest— — (1,118)— — (150)(1,268)
Common stock dividends ($2.0775 per share)— — — (135,474)— — (135,474)
Balances at September 30, 202065,210 $$6,921,631 $(821,841)$(16,800)$184,485 $6,267,482 
6

 Common stockAdditional paid-in capitalDistributions
in excess of accumulated
earnings
Accumulated
other
comprehensive loss, net
Noncontrolling InterestTotal
Nine months ended September 30, 2020SharesAmount
Balances at December 31, 201966,092 $$7,121,927 $(887,619)$(13,888)$183,077 $6,403,504 
Net income— — — 473,125 — 24,558 497,683 
Cash flow hedge losses reclassified to earnings— — — — 3,171 111 3,282 
Change in fair value of derivatives and amortization of swap settlements— — — — (5,911)(208)(6,119)
Change in fair value of marketable debt securities, net— — — — (172)(6)(178)
Issuance of common stock under:
Stock option and restricted stock plans, net95 — 9,201 — — — 9,201 
Sale of common stock, net— — (228)— — — (228)
Equity based compensation costs— — 8,956 — — 338 9,294 
Retirement of common stock, net(985)— (222,990)— — — (222,990)
Cumulative effect upon adoption of ASU No. 2016-13
— — — (190)— — (190)
Changes in the redemption value of redeemable noncontrolling interest— — 6,888 — — (197)6,691 
Changes in noncontrolling interest from acquisition— — — — — 1,349 1,349 
Distributions to noncontrolling interest— — — — — (23,689)(23,689)
Redemptions of noncontrolling interest— (2,123)— — (848)(2,971)
Common stock dividends ($6.2325 per share)— — — (407,157)— — (407,157)
Balances at September 30, 202065,210 $$6,921,631 $(821,841)$(16,800)$184,485 $6,267,482 

See accompanying notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
7

ESSEX PROPERTY TRUST, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)
(In thousands, except parenthetical amounts) 
 Nine Months Ended September 30,
 20212020
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net income$371,566 $497,683 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:  
Straight-lined rents8,734 (15,485)
Depreciation and amortization387,887 395,370 
Amortization of discount on marketable securities— (6,598)
Amortization of discount and debt financing costs, net7,987 5,177 
Gain on sale of marketable securities(2,499)(124)
Income from early redemption of notes receivable(4,747)— 
Provision for credit losses(110)100 
Unrealized gains on equity securities recognized through income(23,772)(2,215)
Earnings from co-investments(60,692)(53,514)
Operating distributions from co-investments78,360 41,202 
Accrued interest from notes and other receivables(12,253)(1,574)
Gain on the sale of real estate and land(142,993)(39,251)
Equity-based compensation5,399 4,923 
Loss on early retirement of debt, net18,982 23,820 
Gain on remeasurement of co-investment(2,260)(234,694)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities: 
Prepaid expenses, receivables, operating lease right-of-use assets, and other assets2,470 (5,088)
Accounts payable, accrued liabilities, and operating lease liabilities62,699 43,095 
Other liabilities5,119 610 
Net cash provided by operating activities699,877 653,437 
Cash flows from investing activities:  
Additions to real estate:  
Acquisitions of real estate and acquisition related capital expenditures, net of cash acquired(105,469)(459,355)
Redevelopment(39,092)(41,592)
Development acquisitions of and additions to real estate under development(45,381)(90,273)
Capital expenditures on rental properties(81,063)(64,269)
Investments in notes receivable(102,012)(20,431)
Collections of notes and other receivables88,744 98,711 
Proceeds from insurance for property losses591 612 
Proceeds from dispositions of real estate297,454 280,246 
Contributions to co-investments(223,175)(61,056)
Changes in refundable deposits(8,356)96 
Purchases of marketable securities(23,740)(38,909)
Sales and maturities of marketable securities14,995 56,890 
Non-operating distributions from co-investments131,297 37,342 
Net cash used in investing activities(95,207)(301,988)
Cash flows from financing activities:  
Proceeds from unsecured debt and mortgage notes745,505 1,452,808 
Payments on unsecured debt and mortgage notes(952,608)(587,057)
Proceeds from lines of credit601,435 1,038,426 
Repayments of lines of credit(558,773)(1,093,426)
Retirement of common stock(9,172)(222,990)
8

 Nine Months Ended September 30,
 20212020
Additions to deferred charges(8,237)(13,761)
Payments related to debt prepayment penalties(18,342)(19,605)
Net proceeds from issuance of common stock(202)(228)
Net proceeds from stock options exercised17,847 14,865 
Payments related to tax withholding for share-based compensation(5,445)(5,664)
Contributions from noncontrolling interest1,900 — 
Distributions to noncontrolling interest(21,979)(23,302)
Redemption of noncontrolling interest(8,407)(2,971)
Redemption of redeemable noncontrolling interest(4,463)— 
Common stock dividends paid(406,818)(400,563)
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities(627,759)136,532 
Net (decrease) increase in unrestricted and restricted cash and cash equivalents(23,089)487,981 
Unrestricted and restricted cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period84,041 81,094 
Unrestricted and restricted cash and cash equivalents at end of period$60,952 $569,075 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
Cash paid for interest (net of $5.0 million and $12.3 million capitalized in 2021 and 2020, respectively)$147,371 $160,927 
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities:
Operating cash flows from operating leases$5,225 $5,192 
Supplemental disclosure of noncash investing and financing activities:  
Transfers between real estate under development and rental properties, net$222,055 $252,946 
Transfer from real estate under development to co-investments$1,853 $1,387 
Reclassifications to (from) redeemable noncontrolling interest to/from additional paid in capital and noncontrolling interest$4,922 $(6,691)

See accompanying notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

9

ESSEX PORTFOLIO, L.P.  AND SUBSIDIARIES
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Unaudited)
(In thousands, except parenthetical and unit amounts)
ASSETSSeptember 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Real estate:
Rental properties:
Land and land improvements$2,997,904 $2,929,009 
Buildings and improvements12,414,770 12,132,736 
 15,412,674 15,061,745 
Less: accumulated depreciation(4,509,243)(4,133,959)
 10,903,431 10,927,786 
Real estate under development212,426 386,047 
Co-investments1,081,861 1,018,010 
Real estate held for sale, net— 57,938 
12,197,718 12,389,781 
Cash and cash equivalents-unrestricted49,910 73,629 
Cash and cash equivalents-restricted11,042 10,412 
Marketable securities, net of allowance for credit losses of zero as of both September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020183,140 147,768 
Notes and other receivables, net of allowance for credit losses of $0.7 million and $0.8 million as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively (includes related party receivables of $33.9 million and $4.7 million as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively)213,985 195,104 
Operating lease right-of-use assets69,756 72,143 
Prepaid expenses and other assets63,090 47,340 
Total assets$12,788,641 $12,936,177 
LIABILITIES AND CAPITAL  
Unsecured debt, net$5,405,520 $5,607,985 
Mortgage notes payable, net640,118 643,550 
Lines of credit42,662 — 
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities220,428 152,855 
Construction payable32,777 31,417 
Distributions payable143,036 141,917 
Distributions in excess of investments in co-investments29,037 — 
Operating lease liabilities71,520 74,037 
Liabilities associated with real estate held for sale— 29,845 
Other liabilities38,946 39,140 
Total liabilities6,624,044 6,720,746 
Commitments and contingencies00
Redeemable noncontrolling interest32,698 32,239 
Capital:  
General Partner:
Common equity (65,081,032 and 64,999,015 units issued and outstanding, respectively)5,958,200 6,015,139 
5,958,200 6,015,139 
Limited Partners:
Common equity (2,282,464 and 2,294,760 units issued and outstanding, respectively)56,385 58,184 
    Accumulated other comprehensive loss(5,340)(11,303)
Total partners' capital6,009,245 6,062,020 
                  Noncontrolling interest122,654 121,172 
Total capital6,131,899 6,183,192 
Total liabilities and capital$12,788,641 $12,936,177 

See accompanying notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
10

ESSEX PORTFOLIO, L.P. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income and Comprehensive Income
(Unaudited)
(In thousands, except unit and per unit amounts)
 Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2021202020212020
Revenues:
Rental and other property$360,620 $368,464 $1,062,253 $1,126,363 
Management and other fees from affiliates2,237 2,347 6,707 7,312 
 362,857 370,811 1,068,960 1,133,675 
Expenses:  
Property operating, excluding real estate taxes69,529 68,037 197,895 197,310 
Real estate taxes45,802 44,358 135,408 132,364 
Corporate-level property management expenses9,068 8,619 27,120 26,024 
Depreciation and amortization130,564 130,202 387,887 395,370 
General and administrative12,712 13,310 34,746 42,244 
Expensed acquisition and investment related costs108 164 104 
 267,783 264,528 783,220 793,416 
Gain on sale of real estate and land42,897 22,654 142,993 39,251 
Earnings from operations137,971 128,937 428,733 379,510 
Interest expense(50,019)(55,430)(152,639)(165,024)
Total return swap income2,660 2,977 8,137 7,749 
Interest and other income11,998 6,512 48,756 12,696 
Equity income from co-investments25,433 14,960 60,692 53,514 
Deferred tax expense on unrealized gain on unconsolidated co-investment(3,041)— (5,391)(1,636)
Loss on early retirement of debt, net— (19,114)(18,982)(23,820)
Gain on remeasurement of co-investment— — 2,260 234,694 
Net income125,002 78,842 371,566 497,683 
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest(2,444)(2,588)(7,483)(8,015)
Net income available to common unitholders$122,558 $76,254 $364,083 $489,668 
Comprehensive income$125,829 $80,818 $377,529 $494,668 
Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interest(2,444)(2,588)(7,483)(8,015)
Comprehensive income attributable to controlling interest$123,385 $78,230 $370,046 $486,653 
Per unit data:  
Basic:  
Net income available to common unitholders$1.82 $1.13 $5.41 $7.22 
Weighted average number of common units outstanding during the period67,336,164 67,528,346 67,307,259 67,858,961 
Diluted:
Net income available to common unitholders$1.82 $1.13 $5.40 $7.21 
Weighted average number of common units outstanding during the period67,435,459 67,536,937 67,368,956 67,973,234 

See accompanying notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
11

ESSEX PORTFOLIO, L.P. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Capital for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020
(Unaudited)
(In thousands)
 General PartnerLimited PartnersAccumulated other
comprehensive loss, net
Noncontrolling interestTotal
 Common EquityCommon Equity
Three months ended September 30, 2021UnitsAmountUnitsAmount
Balances at June 30, 202165,004 $5,963,223 2,294 $56,950 $(6,167)$122,697 $6,136,703 
Net income— 118,390 — 4,168 — 2,444 125,002 
Change in fair value of derivatives and amortization of swap settlements— — — — 728 — 728 
Change in fair value of marketable debt securities, net— — — — 99 — 99 
Issuance of common units under:       
General partner's stock based compensation, net68 15,572 — — — — 15,572 
Sale of common stock by general partner, net— (118)— — — — (118)
Equity based compensation costs— 1,573 — 55 — — 1,628 
Changes in the redemption value of redeemable noncontrolling interest— 1,253 — 141 — 279 1,673 
Distributions to noncontrolling interest— — — — — (2,488)(2,488)
Redemptions(5,651)(12)(160)— (278)(6,089)
Distributions declared ($2.09 per unit)— (136,042)— (4,769)— — (140,811)
Balances at September 30, 202165,081 $5,958,200 2,282 $56,385 $(5,340)$122,654 $6,131,899 
12

 General PartnerLimited PartnersAccumulated other
comprehensive loss, net
Noncontrolling interestTotal
 Common EquityCommon Equity
Nine months ended September 30, 2021UnitsAmountUnitsAmount
Balances at December 31, 202064,999 $6,015,139 2,295 $58,184 $(11,303)$121,172 $6,183,192 
Net income— 351,680 — 12,403 — 7,483 371,566 
Change in fair value of derivatives and amortization of swap settlements— — — — 5,607 — 5,607 
Change in fair value of marketable debt securities, net— — — — 356 — 356 
Issuance of common units under:      
General partner's stock based compensation, net112 12,402 — — — — 12,402 
Sale of common stock by general partner, net— (202)— — — — (202)
Equity based compensation costs— 9,172 — 323 — — 9,495 
Retirement of common units, net(40)(9,172)— — — — (9,172)
Changes in the redemption value of redeemable noncontrolling interest— (5,499)— 129 — 448 (4,922)
Contributions from noncontrolling interest— — — — — 1,900 1,900 
Distributions to noncontrolling interest— — — — — (7,756)(7,756)
Redemptions10 (7,518)(13)(296)— (593)(8,407)
Distributions declared ($6.27 per unit)— (407,802)— (14,358)— — (422,160)
Balances at September 30, 202165,081 $5,958,200 2,282 $56,385 $(5,340)$122,654 $6,131,899 
13

 General PartnerLimited PartnersAccumulated other
comprehensive loss, net
Noncontrolling interestTotal
 Common EquityCommon Equity
Three months ended September 30, 2020UnitsAmountUnitsAmount
Balances at June 30, 202065,331 $6,184,784 2,296 $61,437 $(15,423)$122,083 $6,352,881 
Net income— 73,661 — 2,593 — 2,588 78,842 
Change in fair value of derivatives and amortization of swap settlements— — — — 1,884 — 1,884 
Change in fair value of marketable debt securities, net— — — — 92 — 92 
Issuance of common units under:      
Sale of common stock by general partner, net— (95)— — — — (95)
Equity based compensation costs— 2,279 — 82 — — 2,361 
Retirement of common units, net(121)(26,586)— — — — (26,586)
Changes in redemption value of redeemable noncontrolling interest— 2,346 — 98 — 78 2,522 
Distributions to noncontrolling interest— — — — — (2,908)(2,908)
Redemptions— (1,118)— — — (150)(1,268)
Distributions declared ($2.0775 per unit)— (135,474)— (4,769)— — (140,243)
Balances at September 30, 202065,210 $6,099,797 2,296 $59,441 $(13,447)$121,691 $6,267,482 

14

 General PartnerLimited PartnersAccumulated other
comprehensive loss, net
Noncontrolling interestTotal
 Common EquityCommon Equity
Nine months ended September 30, 2020UnitsAmountUnitsAmount
Balances at December 31, 201966,092 $6,234,315 2,302 $57,359 $(10,432)$122,262 $6,403,504 
Net income— 473,125 — 16,543 — 8,015 497,683 
Cash flow hedge losses reclassified to earnings— — — — 3,282 — 3,282 
Change in fair value of derivatives and amortization of swap settlements— — — — (6,119)— (6,119)
Change in fair value of marketable debt securities, net— — — — (178)— (178)
Issuance of common units under:      
General partner's stock based compensation, net95 9,201 — — — — 9,201 
Sale of common stock by general partner, net— (228)— — — — (228)
Equity based compensation costs— 8,956 338 — — 9,294 
Retirement of common units, net(985)(222,990)— — — — (222,990)
Cumulative effect upon adoption of ASU No. 2016-13
— (190)— — — — (190)
Changes in redemption value of redeemable noncontrolling interest— 6,888 — (318)— 121 6,691 
Changes in noncontrolling interest from acquisition— — — — — 1,349 1,349 
Distributions to noncontrolling interest— — — — — (9,381)(9,381)
Redemptions(2,123)(8)(173)— (675)(2,971)
Distributions declared ($6.2325 per unit)— (407,157)— (14,308)— — (421,465)
Balances at September 30, 202065,210 $6,099,797 2,296 $59,441 $(13,447)$121,691 $6,267,482 

See accompanying notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
15


ESSEX PORTFOLIO, L.P. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)
(In thousands, except parenthetical amounts)
 Nine Months Ended September 30,
 20212020
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net income$371,566 $497,683 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:  
Straight-lined rents8,734 (15,485)
Depreciation and amortization387,887 395,370 
Amortization of discount on marketable securities— (6,598)
Amortization of discount and debt financing costs, net7,987 5,177 
Gain on sale of marketable securities(2,499)(124)
Income from early redemption of notes receivable(4,747)— 
Provision for credit losses(110)100 
Unrealized gains on equity securities recognized through income(23,772)(2,215)
Earnings from co-investments(60,692)(53,514)
Operating distributions from co-investments78,360 41,202 
Accrued interest from notes and other receivables(12,253)(1,574)
Gain on the sale of real estate and land(142,993)(39,251)
Equity-based compensation5,399 4,923 
Loss on early retirement of debt, net18,982 23,820 
Gain on remeasurement of co-investment(2,260)(234,694)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:  
Prepaid expenses, receivables, operating lease right-of-use assets, and other assets2,470 (5,088)
Accounts payable, accrued liabilities, and operating lease liabilities62,699 43,095 
Other liabilities5,119 610 
Net cash provided by operating activities699,877 653,437 
Cash flows from investing activities:  
Additions to real estate:  
Acquisitions of real estate and acquisition related capital expenditures, net of cash acquired(105,469)(459,355)
Redevelopment(39,092)(41,592)
Development acquisitions of and additions to real estate under development(45,381)(90,273)
Capital expenditures on rental properties(81,063)(64,269)
Investments in notes receivable(102,012)(20,431)
Collections of notes and other receivables88,744 98,711 
Proceeds from insurance for property losses591 612 
Proceeds from dispositions of real estate297,454 280,246 
Contributions to co-investments(223,175)(61,056)
Changes in refundable deposits(8,356)96 
Purchases of marketable securities(23,740)(38,909)
Sales and maturities of marketable securities14,995 56,890 
Non-operating distributions from co-investments131,297 37,342 
Net cash used in investing activities(95,207)(301,988)
Cash flows from financing activities:  
Proceeds from unsecured debt and mortgage notes745,505 1,452,808 
Payments on unsecured debt and mortgage notes(952,608)(587,057)
Proceeds from lines of credit601,435 1,038,426 
Repayments of lines of credit(558,773)(1,093,426)
Retirement of common units(9,172)(222,990)
16

 Nine Months Ended September 30,
 20212020
Additions to deferred charges(8,237)(13,761)
Payments related to debt prepayment penalties(18,342)(19,605)
Net proceeds from issuance of common units(202)(228)
Net proceeds from stock options exercised17,847 14,865 
Payments related to tax withholding for share-based compensation(5,445)(5,664)
Contributions from noncontrolling interest1,900 — 
Distributions to noncontrolling interest(6,323)(6,287)
Redemption of noncontrolling interests(8,407)(2,971)
Redemption of redeemable noncontrolling interests(4,463)— 
Common units distributions paid(422,474)(417,578)
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities(627,759)136,532 
Net (decrease) increase in unrestricted and restricted cash and cash equivalents(23,089)487,981 
Unrestricted and restricted cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period84,041 81,094 
Unrestricted and restricted cash and cash equivalents at end of period$60,952 $569,075 
  
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
Cash paid for interest (net of $5.0 million and $12.3 million capitalized in 2021 and 2020, respectively)$147,371 $160,927 
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities:
Operating cash flows from operating leases$5,225 $5,192 
Supplemental disclosure of noncash investing and financing activities:  
Transfers between real estate under development and rental properties, net$222,055 $252,946 
Transfer from real estate under development to co-investments$1,853 $1,387 
Reclassifications to (from) redeemable noncontrolling interest to/from general and limited partner capital and noncontrolling interest$4,922 $(6,691)

See accompanying notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
17

ESSEX PROPERTY TRUST, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
ESSEX PORTFOLIO, L.P. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
September 30, 2021 and 2020
(Unaudited)

(1) Organization and Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements present the accounts of Essex Property Trust, Inc. ("Essex" or the "Company"), which include the accounts of the Company and Essex Portfolio, L.P. and its subsidiaries (the "Operating Partnership," which holds the operating assets of the Company), prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("U.S. GAAP") for interim financial information and in accordance with the instructions to Form 10-Q. In the opinion of management, all adjustments necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position, results of operations, and cash flows for the periods presented have been included and are normal and recurring in nature. These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements included in the Company's annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.

All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020 include the accounts of the Company and the Operating Partnership. Essex is the sole general partner of the Operating Partnership, with a 96.6% general partnership interest as of both September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020. Total Operating Partnership limited partnership units ("OP Units," and the holders of such OP Units, "Unitholders") outstanding were 2,282,464 and 2,294,760 as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively, and the redemption value of the units, based on the closing price of the Company’s common stock totaled approximately $729.8 million and $544.8 million as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.

As of September 30, 2021, the Company owned or had ownership interests in 246 operating apartment communities, aggregating 60,799 apartment homes, excluding the Company’s ownership interest in preferred interest co-investments, loan investments, 3 operating commercial buildings, and a development pipeline comprised of 2 consolidated projects and 1 unconsolidated joint venture project. The operating apartment communities are located in Southern California (primarily Los Angeles, Orange, San Diego, and Ventura counties), Northern California (the San Francisco Bay Area) and the Seattle metropolitan areas.

Accounting Pronouncements Adopted in the Current Year

In January 2021, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the "FASB") issued ASU No. 2021-01 "Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Scope." The amendments in ASU No. 2021-01 provide optional expedients to the current guidance on contract modifications and hedge accounting from the expected market transition from LIBOR and other interbank offered rates to alternative reference rates. The guidance generally can be applied to applicable contract modifications through December 31, 2022. The Company adopted this new guidance in January 2021 on a prospective basis. This adoption did not have a material impact on the Company's consolidated results of operations or financial position.

Revenues and Gains on Sale of Real Estate

Revenues from tenants renting or leasing apartment homes are recorded when due from tenants and are recognized monthly as they are earned which generally approximates a straight-line basis, else, adjustments are made to conform to a straight-line basis. Apartment homes are rented under short-term leases (generally, lease terms of 9 to 12 months). Revenues from tenants leasing commercial space are recorded on a straight-line basis over the life of the respective lease. See Note 3, Revenues, for additional information regarding such revenues.

18


ESSEX PROPERTY TRUST, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
ESSEX PORTFOLIO, L.P. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
September 30, 2021 and 2020
(Unaudited)
The Company also generates other property-related revenue associated with the leasing of apartment homes, including storage income, pet rent, and other miscellaneous revenue. Similar to rental income, such revenues are recorded when due from tenants and recognized monthly as they are earned.

Apart from rental and other property-related revenue, revenues from contracts with customers are recognized as control of the promised services is passed to the customer. For customer contracts related to management and other fees from affiliates (which includes asset management and property management), the transaction price and amount of revenue to be recognized is determined each quarter based on the management fee calculated and earned for that month or quarter. The contract will contain a description of the service and the fee percentage for management services. Payments from such services are one month or one quarter in arrears of the service performed.

The Company recognizes any gains on sales of real estate when it transfers control of a property and when it is probable that the Company will collect substantially all of the related consideration.

Marketable Securities

The Company reports its equity securities and available for sale debt securities at fair value, based on quoted market prices (Level 1 for the common stock and investment funds and Level 2 for the unsecured debt, as defined by the FASB standard for fair value measurements). As of both September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, $2.5 million of equity securities were presented within common stock and stock funds in the tables below, which represent investments measured at fair value, using net asset value as a practical expedient, and are not categorized in the fair value hierarchy.

Any unrealized gain or loss in debt securities classified as available for sale is recorded as other comprehensive income. Unrealized gains and losses in equity securities, realized gains and losses in debt securities, interest income, and amortization of purchase discounts are included in interest and other income on the condensed consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income.

As of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, equity securities and available for sale debt securities consisted primarily of investment-grade unsecured debt, and common stock and stock funds. 

As of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, marketable securities consisted of the following ($ in thousands):
 September 30, 2021
 CostGross
Unrealized
Gain (Loss)
Carrying Value
Equity securities:
Investment funds - debt securities$61,885 $24 $61,909 
Common stock and stock funds80,079 39,734 119,813 
Debt securities:
Available for sale
Investment-grade unsecured debt1,050 368 1,418 
Total - Marketable securities$143,014 $40,126 $183,140 

19


ESSEX PROPERTY TRUST, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
ESSEX PORTFOLIO, L.P. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
September 30, 2021 and 2020
(Unaudited)
 December 31, 2020
 CostGross
Unrealized
Gain (Loss)
Carrying Value
Equity securities:
Investment funds - debt securities$49,646 $985 $50,631 
Common stock and stock funds81,074 15,001 96,075 
Debt securities:
Available for sale
Investment-grade unsecured debt1,050 12 1,062 
Total - Marketable securities$131,770 $15,998 $147,768 

The Company uses the specific identification method to determine the cost basis of a debt security sold and to reclassify amounts from accumulated other comprehensive income for such securities.

For the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, the proceeds from sales and maturities of marketable securities totaled $0.1 million and $52.6 million, respectively, which resulted in zero realized loss and $91 thousand in realized gains, respectively, for such periods. For the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, the proceeds from sales and maturities of marketable securities totaled $15.0 million and $56.9 million, respectively, which resulted in $2.5 million and $0.1 million in realized gains, respectively, for such periods.

For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, the portion of equity security unrealized gains that were recognized in income totaled $7.1 million and $23.8 million, respectively, and were included in interest and other income on the Company's condensed consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, the portion of equity security unrealized gains or losses that were recognized in income totaled $3.3 million and $2.2 million in gains, respectively, and were included in interest and other income on the Company's condensed consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income.

Variable Interest Entities

In accordance with accounting standards for consolidation of variable interest entities ("VIEs"), the Company consolidated the Operating Partnership, 18 DownREIT entities (comprising 9 communities), and 6 co-investments as of September 30, 2021. As of December 31, 2020, the Company consolidated the Operating Partnership, 17 DownREIT entities (comprising 9 communities) and 5 co-investments. The Company consolidates these entities because it is deemed the primary beneficiary. The Company has no assets or liabilities other than its investment in the Operating Partnership. The consolidated total assets and liabilities related to the above consolidated co-investments and DownREIT entities, net of intercompany eliminations, were approximately $909.1 million and $323.3 million, respectively, as of September 30, 2021 and $898.5 million and $326.8 million, respectively, as of December 31, 2020. Noncontrolling interests in these entities were $122.4 million and $120.8 million as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. The Company's financial risk in each VIE is limited to its equity investment in the VIE. As of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company did not have any VIEs of which it was not deemed to be the primary beneficiary.

Equity-based Compensation

The cost of share- and unit-based compensation awards is measured at the grant date based on the estimated fair value of the awards. The estimated fair value of stock options and restricted stock granted by the Company are being amortized over the vesting period. The estimated grant date fair values of the long term incentive plan units (discussed in Note 14, "Equity Based Compensation Plans," in the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020) are being amortized over the expected service periods.

20


ESSEX PROPERTY TRUST, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
ESSEX PORTFOLIO, L.P. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
September 30, 2021 and 2020
(Unaudited)
Fair Value of Financial Instruments

Management believes that the carrying amounts of the outstanding balances under its lines of credit, and notes and other receivables approximate fair value as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, because interest rates, yields, and other terms for these instruments are consistent with interest rates, yields, and other terms currently available for similar instruments. Management has estimated that the fair value of the Company’s fixed rate debt with a carrying value of $5.7 billion and $5.5 billion at September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively, was approximately $6.1 billion and $6.0 billion, respectively. Management has estimated that the fair value of the Company’s $366.4 million and $775.1 million of variable rate debt at September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively, was approximately $364.3 million and $770.1 million, respectively, based on the terms of existing mortgage notes payable, unsecured debt, and variable rate demand notes compared to those available in the marketplace. Management believes that the carrying amounts of cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, accounts payable and accrued liabilities, construction payables, other liabilities, and dividends payable approximate fair value as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 due to the short-term maturity of these instruments. Marketable securities are carried at fair value as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020.

Capitalization of Costs

The Company’s capitalized internal costs related to development and redevelopment projects were comprised primarily of interest and employee compensation and totaled $5.6 million and $6.1 million during the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and $17.5 million and $24.9 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The Company capitalizes leasing commissions associated with the lease-up of development communities and amortizes the costs over the life of the leases. The amounts capitalized for leasing commissions are immaterial for all periods presented.

Co-investments

The Company owns investments in joint ventures in which it has significant influence, but its ownership interest does not meet the criteria for consolidation in accordance with U.S. GAAP. Therefore, the Company accounts for co-investments using the equity method of accounting. Under the equity method of accounting, the investment is carried at the cost of assets contributed, plus the Company's equity in earnings less distributions received and the Company's share of losses. The significant accounting policies of the Company’s co-investment entities are consistent with those of the Company in all material respects.

Upon the acquisition of a controlling interest of a co-investment, the co-investment entity is consolidated and a gain or loss is recognized upon the remeasurement of co-investments in the consolidated statement of income equal to the amount by which the fair value of the Company's previously owned co-investment interest exceeds its carrying value. A majority of the co-investments, excluding most preferred equity investments, compensate the Company for its asset management services and some of these investments may provide promote income if certain financial return benchmarks are achieved. Asset management fees are recognized when earned, and promote fees are recognized when the earnings events have occurred and the amount is determinable and collectible. Any promote fees are reflected in equity income from co-investments.

Changes in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss, Net by Component

Essex Property Trust, Inc.
($ in thousands):
 Change in fair
value and amortization
of swap settlements
Unrealized
gain on
available for sale securities
Total
Balance at December 31, 2020$(14,771)$42 $(14,729)
Other comprehensive income before reclassification5,406 344 5,750 
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss11 — 11 
Other comprehensive income5,417 344 5,761 
Balance at September 30, 2021$(9,354)$386 $(8,968)
21


ESSEX PROPERTY TRUST, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
ESSEX PORTFOLIO, L.P. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
September 30, 2021 and 2020
(Unaudited)

Essex Portfolio, L.P.
($ in thousands):
 Change in fair
value and amortization
of swap settlements
Unrealized
gain on
available for sale securities
Total
Balance at December 31, 2020$(11,346)$43 $(11,303)
Other comprehensive income before reclassification5,595 356 5,951 
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss12 — 12 
Other comprehensive income5,607 356 5,963 
Balance at September 30, 2021$(5,739)$399 $(5,340)

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss in connection with derivatives are recorded in interest expense on the condensed consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income. Realized gains and losses on available for sale debt securities are included in interest and other income on the condensed consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income.

Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest

The carrying value of redeemable noncontrolling interests in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets was $32.7 million and $32.2 million as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. The limited partners may redeem their noncontrolling interests for cash in certain circumstances.

The changes to the redemption value of redeemable noncontrolling interests for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 is as follows ($ in thousands):
Balance at December 31, 2020$32,239 
Reclassification due to change in redemption value and other4,922 
Redemptions(4,463)
Balance at September 30, 2021$32,698 

Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash

Highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less when purchased are classified as cash equivalents. Restricted cash balances relate primarily to reserve requirements for capital replacement at certain communities in connection with the Company’s mortgage debt.

The following table provides a reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash reported within the condensed consolidated balance sheets that sum to the total of the same such amounts shown in the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows ($ in thousands):
 September 30, 2021December 31, 2020September 30, 2020December 31, 2019
Cash and cash equivalents - unrestricted$49,910 $73,629 $558,446 $70,087 
Cash and cash equivalents - restricted11,042 10,412 10,629 11,007 
Total unrestricted and restricted cash and cash equivalents shown in the condensed consolidated statement of cash flows$60,952 $84,041 $569,075 $81,094 
22


ESSEX PROPERTY TRUST, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
ESSEX PORTFOLIO, L.P. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
September 30, 2021 and 2020
(Unaudited)

Accounting Estimates

The preparation of condensed consolidated financial statements, in accordance with U.S. GAAP, requires the Company to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities. On an on-going basis, the Company evaluates its estimates, including those related to acquiring, developing and assessing the carrying values of its real estate portfolio, its investments in and advances to joint ventures and affiliates, its notes receivables, and its qualification as a real estate investment trust ("REIT"). The Company bases its estimates on historical experience, current market conditions, and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results may vary from those estimates and those estimates could be different under different assumptions or conditions.

(2)  Significant Transactions During the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021 and Subsequent Events

Significant Transactions

Acquisitions

In September 2021, the Company acquired 7 South Linden, a commercial property located in South San Francisco, CA for $33.5 million. The property is fully leased to 2 commercial tenants. The Company is currently pursuing entitlements to construct an apartment community on the property.

In September 2021, Wesco VI, LLC ("Wesco VI"), a new joint venture with one of the Company's institutional partners, acquired Martha Lake Apartments, a 155 unit apartment home community located in Lynwood, WA, for a total contract price of $53.0 million. The property is encumbered by a $29.2 million related party bridge loan from the Company, with an interest rate of 2.15% and is scheduled to mature in December 2021. See the "Co-Investments" section below for further details related to the creation of Wesco VI. See Note 6, Related Party Transactions, for additional details.

In September 2021, the Company acquired Third & Broad, a fully-leased single tenant commercial property located in downtown Seattle, WA for $52.5 million. The Company will hold the property for future apartment development.

In June 2021, the Company acquired its joint venture partner, BEX III, LLC's ("BEX III") 50.0% interest in The Village at Toluca Lake, a community totaling 145 homes located in Burbank, CA, for total consideration of $31.8 million. Concurrent with the closing of the acquisition, the Company repaid $29.5 million in mortgage debt that encumbered the property. As a result of this acquisition, the Company realized a gain on remeasurement of co-investment of $2.3 million upon consolidation.

Dispositions

In August 2021, the Company sold Devonshire, a non-core apartment community with 276 apartment homes, located in Hemet, CA, for a total contract price of $54.5 million. The Company recognized a $42.9 million gain on sale.

In February 2021, the Company sold Hidden Valley, a 324 apartment home community located in Simi Valley, CA, for a total contract price of $105.0 million. The Company recognized a $69.2 million gain on sale. In conjunction with the sale, the Company repaid $29.7 million of mortgage debt that encumbered the property.

In February 2021, the Company sold Park 20, a 197 apartment home community located in San Mateo, CA, for a total contract price of $113.0 million. The Company recognized an immaterial gain on sale.

In February 2021, the Company sold Axis 2300, a 115 apartment home community located in Irvine, CA, for a total contract price of $57.5 million. The Company recognized a $30.8 million gain on sale.

Co-Investments

Joint Ventures

23


ESSEX PROPERTY TRUST, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
ESSEX PORTFOLIO, L.P. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
September 30, 2021 and 2020
(Unaudited)
In September 2021, the Company formed a new joint venture entity, Wesco VI, with an institutional partner. Each partner has a 50.0% ownership interest and an initial equity commitment of $150.0 million. The joint venture is unconsolidated for financial reporting purposes.

Preferred Equity Investments

In September 2021, the Company originated a preferred equity investment totaling $26.2 million in one multifamily community located in Southern California. The investment has an initial preferred return of 12.5% and is scheduled to mature in September 2026.

In August 2021, the Company originated a preferred equity investment totaling $11.0 million in one multifamily community located in Washington. The investment has an initial preferred return of 11.5% and is scheduled to mature in August 2026.

In January 2021, the Company originated a preferred equity investment totaling $20.0 million in one multifamily community located in Washington. The investment has an initial preferred return of 10.0% and is scheduled to mature in January 2026.

In August 2021, the Company received cash of $21.6 million, for the partial redemption of a preferred equity investment in a joint venture that holds property located in Northern California.

In March 2021, the Company received cash of $10.0 million for the full redemption of a preferred equity investment in a joint venture that holds property located in Southern California.

In March 2021, the Company received cash of $110.2 million, including an early redemption fee of $3.5 million for the full redemption of a preferred equity investment in a joint venture that holds property located in Southern California.

Notes Receivable

In September 2021, the Company provided a $29.2 million related party bridge loan to Wesco VI. The note receivable accrues interest at 2.15% and is scheduled to mature in December 2021. The bridge loan is classified within notes and other receivables in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets. See Note 6, Related Party Transactions for additional details.

In March 2021, the Company provided a $52.5 million related party bridge loan to Wesco I, LLC ("Wesco I") in connection with the payoff of a debt related to one of its properties located in Southern California. The note receivable accrued interest at 2.55% and was paid off in July 2021.

In June 2021, the Company received cash of $36.5 million, including an early redemption fee of $4.7 million, for the full redemption of a mezzanine loan on a property located in Northern California.

Common Stock

During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company repurchased and retired 40,000 shares totaling $9.2 million, including commissions. The Company did not repurchase any shares subsequent to March 31, 2021. As of September 30, 2021, the Company had $214.5 million of purchase authority remaining under its $250.0 million stock repurchase plan.

Senior Unsecured Debt

In March 2021, the Operating Partnership issued $450.0 million of senior unsecured notes due on March 1, 2028 with a coupon rate of 1.700% per annum (the "2028 Notes"), which are payable on March 1 and September 1 of each year, beginning on September 1, 2021. The 2028 Notes were offered to investors at a price of 99.423% of par value. The 2028 Notes are general unsecured senior obligations of the Operating Partnership, rank equally in right of payment with all other senior unsecured indebtedness of the Operating Partnership and are unconditionally guaranteed by Essex. The Company used the net proceeds of this offering to repay upcoming debt maturities, including all or a portion of certain unsecured term loans, and for general corporate and working capital purposes.

24


ESSEX PROPERTY TRUST, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
ESSEX PORTFOLIO, L.P. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
September 30, 2021 and 2020
(Unaudited)
In June 2021, the Operating Partnership issued $300.0 million of senior unsecured notes due on June 15, 2031 with a coupon rate of 2.550% per annum (the "2031 Notes"), which are payable on June 15 and December 15 of each year, beginning on December 15, 2021. The 2031 Notes were offered to investors at a price of 99.367% of par value. The 2031 Notes are general unsecured senior obligations of the Operating Partnership, rank equally in right of payment with all other senior unsecured indebtedness of the Operating Partnership and are unconditionally guaranteed by Essex. The Company used the net proceeds of this offering to repay upcoming debt maturities, including to fund the redemption of $300.0 million aggregate principal amount (plus the make-whole amount and accrued and unpaid interest) of its outstanding 3.375% senior unsecured notes due January 2023, and for other general corporate and working capital purposes.

Subsequent Events

In October 2021, Wesco VI acquired Monterra, a 139 unit apartment home community in Mill Creek, WA, near Martha Lake, for a total contract price of $55.0 million.

In October 2021, the Company committed to fund a $50.0 million mezzanine loan in a multifamily development community located in Northern California, with an initial 11.0% interest rate and a maturity date of October 2025, with options to extend for up to two years. The investment will fund concurrent with the senior construction loan which is scheduled to begin funding in the second half of 2022.


(3)  Revenues

Disaggregated Revenue

The following table presents the Company’s revenues disaggregated by revenue source ($ in thousands):
 Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2021202020212020
Rental income$355,591 $362,073 $1,046,218 $1,108,658 
Other property5,029 6,391 16,035 17,705 
Management and other fees from affiliates2,237 2,347 6,707 7,312 
Total revenues$362,857 $370,811 $1,068,960 $1,133,675 

The following table presents the Company’s rental and other property revenues disaggregated by geographic operating segment ($ in thousands):
 Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2021202020212020
Southern California$150,807 $136,651 $434,926 $426,987 
Northern California145,807 147,081 435,883 457,655 
Seattle Metro60,280 60,617 178,180 184,310 
Other real estate assets (1)
3,726 24,115 13,264 57,411 
Total rental and other property revenues$360,620 $368,464 $1,062,253 $1,126,363 

(1) Other real estate assets consist of revenues generated from retail space, commercial properties, held for sale properties, disposition properties and straight-line rent adjustments for concessions. Executive management does not evaluate such operating performance geographically.
25


ESSEX PROPERTY TRUST, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
ESSEX PORTFOLIO, L.P. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
September 30, 2021 and 2020
(Unaudited)

The following table presents the Company’s rental and other property revenues disaggregated by current property category status ($ in thousands):
 Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2021202020212020
Same-property (1)
$325,153 $316,639 $957,908 $986,945 
Acquisitions (2)
14,789 14,237 42,410 40,491 
Development (3)
8,055 5,461 22,485 13,956 
Redevelopment4,340 4,277 13,079 14,774 
Non-residential/other, net (4)
11,319 13,119 35,721 52,491 
Straight line rent concession (5)
(3,036)14,731 (9,350)17,706 
Total rental and other property revenues$360,620 $368,464 $1,062,253 $1,126,363 

(1) Properties that have comparable stabilized results as of January 1, 2020 and are consolidated by the Company for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020. A community is generally considered to have reached stabilized operations once it achieves an initial occupancy of 90%.
(2) Acquisitions include properties acquired which did not have comparable stabilized results as of January 1, 2020.
(3) Development includes properties developed which did not have stabilized results as of January 1, 2020.
(4) Non-residential/other, net consists of revenues generated from retail space, commercial properties, held for sale properties, disposition properties, student housing, properties undergoing significant construction activities that do not meet our redevelopment criteria, and 2 communities located in the California counties of Santa Barbara and Santa Cruz, which the Company does not consider its core markets.
(5) Same-property revenues reflect concessions on a cash basis. Total rental and other property revenues reflect concessions on a straight-line basis in accordance with U.S. GAAP.

Deferred Revenues and Remaining Performance Obligations

When cash payments are received or due in advance of the Company’s performance of contracts with customers, deferred revenue is recorded. The total deferred revenue balance related to such contracts was $2.6 million and $3.1 million as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively, and was included in accounts payable and accrued liabilities within the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets. The amount of revenue recognized for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 that was included in the December 31, 2020 deferred revenue balance was $0.5 million, which was included in interest and other income within the condensed consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income.

A performance obligation is a promise in a contract to transfer a distinct good or service to the customer, and is the unit of account in the revenue recognition accounting standard. As of September 30, 2021, the Company had $2.6 million of remaining performance obligations. The Company expects to recognize approximately 7% of these remaining performance obligations in 2021, an additional 55% through 2023, and the remaining balance thereafter.

26


ESSEX PROPERTY TRUST, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
ESSEX PORTFOLIO, L.P. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
September 30, 2021 and 2020
(Unaudited)
(4) Co-investments

The Company has joint ventures and preferred equity investments in co-investments which are accounted for under the equity method. The co-investments, including BEXAEW, LLC ("BEXAEW"), BEX II, LLC ("BEX II"), BEX IV, LLC (""BEX IV"), 500 Folsom, Wesco I, Wesco III, LLC ("Wesco III"), Wesco IV, LLC ("Wesco IV"), Wesco V, LLC ("Wesco V"), and Wesco VI, own, operate, and develop apartment communities. The carrying values of the Company's co-investments as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 are as follows ($ in thousands, except parenthetical amounts):
 
Weighted Average Company Ownership Percentage (1)
September 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Ownership interest in:
Wesco I (2), Wesco III, Wesco IV, Wesco V, and Wesco VI
52 %138,745 178,322 
BEXAEW, BEX II, BEX III (3), BEX IV, and 500 Folsom (4)
50 %273,557 152,309 
Other46 %58,504 27,635 
Total operating and other co-investments, net470,806 358,266 
Total development co-investments50 %9,965 157,433 
Total preferred interest co-investments (includes related party investments of $87.5 million and $81.4 million as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively)572,053 502,311 
Total co-investments, net$1,052,824 $1,018,010 
 
(1) Weighted average Company ownership percentages are as of September 30, 2021.
(2) As of September 30, 2021, the Company's investment in Wesco I was classified as a liability of $29.0 million.
(3) In June 2021, the Company purchased the additional 50% interest in BEX III.
(4) 500 Folsom had not stabilized as of December 31, 2020. Its carrying value was included in the development co-investments balance as of December 31, 2020.

The combined summarized financial information of co-investments is as follows ($ in thousands):
 September 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Combined balance sheets: (1)
  Rental properties and real estate under development$4,216,981 $4,242,611 
  Other assets228,721 200,777 
   Total assets$4,445,702 $4,443,388 
  Debt$2,705,882 $2,611,365 
  Other liabilities221,022 189,515 
  Equity1,518,798 1,642,508 
  Total liabilities and equity$4,445,702 $4,443,388 
Company's share of equity$1,052,824 $1,018,010 
27


ESSEX PROPERTY TRUST, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
ESSEX PORTFOLIO, L.P. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
September 30, 2021 and 2020
(Unaudited)
 Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2021202020212020
Combined statements of income: (1)
Property revenues$71,195 $76,581 $211,359 $226,125 
Property operating expenses(27,588)(28,047)(81,932)(79,621)
Net operating income43,607 48,534 129,427 146,504 
Interest expense(15,347)(19,369)(48,012)(59,700)
General and administrative(3,331)(5,161)(11,641)(12,636)
Depreciation and amortization(32,290)(29,732)(96,812)(86,947)
Net loss$(7,361)$(5,728)$(27,038)$(12,779)
Company's share of net income (2)
$25,433 $14,960 $60,692 $53,514 
(1) Includes preferred equity investments held by the Company.
(2) Includes the Company's share of equity income from joint ventures and preferred equity investments, gain on sales of co-investments, co-investment promote income and income from early redemption of preferred equity investments. Includes related party income of $2.4 million and $2.2 million for the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and $7.0 million and $6.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

(5) Notes and Other Receivables
 
Notes and other receivables consist of the following as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 ($ in thousands):
 September 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Note receivable, secured, bearing interest at 9.90%, due November 2021 (Originated November 2018)$15,337 $14,216 
Notes receivable, secured, bearing interest at 10.50%, due February 2023 (Originated March 2020)16,591 15,299 
Note receivable, secured, bearing interest at 11.00%, due October 2023 (Originated April 2020) (1)
— 25,461 
Notes receivable, secured, bearing interest at 9.00%, due December 2023 (Originated November 2020)84,896 79,827 
Notes receivable, secured, bearing interest at 11.50%, due November 2024 (Originated November 2020)28,850 15,423 
Related party note receivable, secured, bearing interest at 2.15%, due December 2021
(Originated September 2021) (2)
29,157 — 
Notes and other receivables from affiliates (3)
4,744 4,744 
Straight line rent receivables (4)
16,464 25,214 
Other receivables18,689 15,671 
Allowance for credit losses(743)(751)
Total notes and other receivables$213,985 $195,104 

(1) In June 2021, the Company received cash of $36.5 million, including an early redemption fee of $4.7 million, from the payoff of this note receivable.
(2) See Note 6, Related Party Transactions, for additional details.
(3) These amounts consist of short-term loans outstanding and due from various joint ventures as of September 30, 2021 and
December 31, 2020. See Note 6, Related Party Transactions, for additional details.
(4) These amounts are receivables from lease concessions recorded on a straight-line basis for the Company's operating
properties.



28


ESSEX PROPERTY TRUST, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
ESSEX PORTFOLIO, L.P. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
September 30, 2021 and 2020
(Unaudited)
The following table presents the activity in the allowance for credit losses for notes and other receivables by loan type ($ in thousands):

Mezzanine LoansBridge LoansTotal
Balance at December 31, 2020$751 $— $751 
Provision for credit losses(23)15 (8)
Balance at September 30, 2021$728 $15 $743 

No loans were placed on nonaccrual status or charged off during the nine months ended September 30, 2021 or 2020.

(6) Related Party Transactions

The Company charges certain fees relating to its co-investments for asset management, property management, development and redevelopment services. These fees from affiliates totaled $2.7 million and $3.0 million during the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and $7.5 million and $8.7 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. All of these fees are net of intercompany amounts eliminated by the Company. The Company netted development and redevelopment fees of approximately $0.5 million and $0.6 million against general and administrative expenses for the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, and $0.8 million and $1.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

The Company’s Chairman and founder, Mr. George M. Marcus, is the Chairman of the Marcus & Millichap Company ("MMC"), which is a parent company of a diversified group of real estate service, investment, and development firms. Mr. Marcus is also the Co-Chairman of Marcus & Millichap, Inc. ("MMI"), and Mr. Marcus owns a controlling interest in MMI, a national brokerage firm listed on the New York Stock Exchange. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, the Company did not pay any brokerage commissions related to real estate transactions to MMC and its affiliates. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company paid brokerage commissions totaling zero and $0.2 million, respectively, to MMC and its affiliates related to real estate transactions.

In September 2021, the Company provided a $29.2 million related party bridge loan to Wesco VI in connection with the acquisition of Martha Lake Apartments. The note receivable accrues interest at 2.15% and is scheduled to mature in December 2021. The bridge loan is classified within notes and other receivables in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets and had an outstanding balance of $29.2 million as of September 30, 2021.

In March 2021, the Company provided a $52.5 million related party bridge loan to Wesco I in connection with the payoff of a debt related to one of its properties located in Southern California. The note receivable accrued interest at 2.55% and was paid off in July 2021.

In November 2019, the Company provided an $85.5 million related party bridge loan to Wesco V in connection with the acquisition of Velo and Ray, a 308 unit apartment home community located in Seattle, WA. The note receivable accrued interest at LIBOR plus 1.30% and was scheduled to mature in February 2020, but was paid off in January 2020. The bridge loan was classified within notes and other receivables in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets.

In June 2019, the Company acquired Brio, a 300 unit apartment home community located in Walnut Creek, CA. The Company issued DownREIT units to an affiliate of MMC, based on a contract price of $164.9 million. The property was encumbered by $98.7 million of mortgage debt which was assumed by the Company at the time of acquisition. As a result of this transaction, the Company consolidated the property, based on a VIE analysis performed by the Company.

In February 2019, the Company funded a $24.5 million preferred equity investment in an entity whose sponsor is an affiliate of MMC, which owns a multifamily development community located in Mountain View, CA. The investment has an initial preferred return of 11.0% and is scheduled to mature in February 2024.

29


ESSEX PROPERTY TRUST, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
ESSEX PORTFOLIO, L.P. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
September 30, 2021 and 2020
(Unaudited)
In October 2018, the Company funded a $18.6 million preferred equity investment in an entity whose sponsor is an affiliate of MMC. The entity wholly owns a 268 apartment home community development located in Burlingame, CA. This investment accrues interest based on an initial 12.0% preferred return. The investment is scheduled to mature in April 2024.

In May 2018, the Company made a commitment to fund a $26.5 million preferred equity investment in an entity whose sponsors include an affiliate of MMC. The entity wholly owns a 400 apartment home community located in Ventura, CA. This investment accrues interest based on a 10.25% preferred return. The investment is scheduled to mature in May 2023. As of September 30, 2021, the Company had funded $23.4 million of the commitment. The remaining committed amount will be funded if and when requested by the sponsors.

In March 2017, the Company converted its existing $15.3 million preferred equity investment in Sage at Cupertino, a 230 apartment home community located in San Jose, CA, into a 40.5% common equity ownership interest in the property. The Company issued DownREIT units to the other members, including an MMC affiliate, based on an estimated property valuation of $90.0 million. At the time of the conversion, the property was encumbered by $52.0 million of mortgage debt. As a result of this transaction, the Company consolidates the property, based on a consolidation analysis performed by the Company.

As described in Note 5, Notes and Other Receivables, the Company has provided short-term loans to affiliates. As of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, $33.9 million and $4.7 million, respectively, of short-term loans remained outstanding due from joint venture affiliates and is classified within notes and other receivables in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets.

(7) Debt
 
Essex does not have indebtedness as debt is incurred by the Operating Partnership. Essex guarantees the Operating Partnership’s unsecured debt including the revolving credit facilities for the full term of the facilities.

Debt consists of the following ($ in thousands):
 September 30, 2021December 31, 2020Weighted Average
Maturity
In Years as of September 30, 2021
Unsecured bonds private placement - fixed rate$— $199,950 0.0
Term loan - variable rate99,969 549,380 0.4
Bonds public offering - fixed rate5,305,551 4,858,655 8.9
Unsecured debt, net (1)
5,405,520 5,607,985  
Lines of credit (2)
42,662 — 
Mortgage notes payable, net (3)
640,118 643,550 8.7
Total debt, net$6,088,300 $6,251,535  
Weighted average interest rate on fixed rate unsecured bonds private placement and bonds public offering3.3 %3.4 % 
Weighted average interest rate on variable rate term loan1.1 %1.7 % 
Weighted average interest rate on lines of credit1.0 %1.0 %
Weighted average interest rate on mortgage notes payable2.6 %2.7 % 

(1) Includes unamortized discount of $10.4 million and $10.1 million and unamortized debt issuance costs of $34.1 million and $31.9 million, as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.
(2) Lines of credit, related to the Company's 2 lines of unsecured credit aggregating $1.24 billion as of September 30, 2021, excludes unamortized debt issuance costs of $4.6 million and $3.7 million as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. These debt issuance costs are included in prepaid expenses and other assets on the condensed consolidated balance sheets. As of September 30, 2021, the Company’s $1.2 billion credit facility had an interest rate of LIBOR plus 0.775%, which is based on a tiered rate structure tied to the Company’s credit ratings and a scheduled maturity date of September 2025 with
30


ESSEX PROPERTY TRUST, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
ESSEX PORTFOLIO, L.P. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
September 30, 2021 and 2020
(Unaudited)
3 six-month extensions, exercisable at the Company’s option. As of September 30, 2021, the Company’s $35.0 million working capital unsecured line of credit had an interest rate of LIBOR plus 0.775%, which is based on a tiered rate structure tied to the Company’s credit ratings, and a scheduled maturity date of February 2023.
(3) Includes total unamortized premium of $2.8 million and $3.9 million, reduced by unamortized debt issuance costs of $1.5 million and $1.8 million, as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.

The aggregate scheduled principal payments of the Company’s outstanding debt, excluding lines of credit, as of September 30, 2021 are as follows ($ in thousands):
Remaining in 2021$893 
2022143,188 
2023302,945 
2024403,109 
2025633,054 
Thereafter4,605,629 
Total$6,088,818 

(8) Segment Information

The Company's segment disclosures present the measure used by the chief operating decision makers for purposes of assessing each segment's performance. The Company's chief operating decision makers are comprised of several members of its executive management team who use net operating income ("NOI") to assess the performance of the business for the Company's reportable operating segments. NOI represents total property revenues less direct property operating expenses.

The executive management team generally evaluates the Company's operating performance geographically. The Company defines its reportable operating segments as the 3 geographical regions in which its communities are located: Southern California, Northern California, and Seattle Metro.

Excluded from segment revenues and NOI are management and other fees from affiliates and interest and other income. Non-segment revenues and NOI included in the following schedule also consist of revenues generated from commercial properties and properties that have been sold. Other non-segment assets include items such as real estate under development, co-investments, real estate held for sale, cash and cash equivalents, marketable securities, notes and other receivables, and prepaid expenses and other assets.

The revenues and NOI for each of the reportable operating segments are summarized as follows for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020 ($ in thousands):
31


ESSEX PROPERTY TRUST, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
ESSEX PORTFOLIO, L.P. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
September 30, 2021 and 2020
(Unaudited)
 Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2021202020212020
Revenues:
Southern California$150,807 $136,651 $434,926 $426,987 
Northern California145,807 147,081 435,883 457,655 
Seattle Metro60,280 60,617 178,180 184,310 
Other real estate assets3,726 24,115 13,264 57,411 
Total property revenues$360,620 $368,464 $1,062,253 $1,126,363 
Net operating income:
Southern California$103,660 $91,639 $300,761 $295,402 
Northern California98,948 102,559 299,489 329,338 
Seattle Metro39,876 41,216 119,041 126,422 
Other real estate assets2,805 20,655 9,659 45,527 
Total net operating income245,289 256,069 728,950 796,689 
Management and other fees from affiliates2,237 2,347 6,707 7,312 
Corporate-level property management expenses(9,068)(8,619)(27,120)(26,024)
Depreciation and amortization(130,564)(130,202)(387,887)(395,370)
General and administrative(12,712)(13,310)(34,746)(42,244)
Expensed acquisition and investment related costs(108)(2)(164)(104)
Gain on sale of real estate and land42,897 22,654 142,993 39,251 
Interest expense(50,019)(55,430)(152,639)(165,024)
Total return swap income2,660 2,977 8,137 7,749 
Interest and other income11,998 6,512 48,756 12,696 
Equity income from co-investments25,433 14,960 60,692 53,514 
Deferred tax expense on unrealized gain on unconsolidated co-investment(3,041)— (5,391)(1,636)
Loss on early retirement of debt, net— (19,114)(18,982)(23,820)
Gain on remeasurement of co-investment— — 2,260 234,694 
Net income$125,002 $78,842 $371,566 $497,683 

32


ESSEX PROPERTY TRUST, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
ESSEX PORTFOLIO, L.P. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
September 30, 2021 and 2020
(Unaudited)
Total assets for each of the reportable operating segments are summarized as follows as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 ($ in thousands):
 September 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Assets:
Southern California$3,949,224 $3,981,650 
Northern California5,489,918 5,408,019 
Seattle Metro1,369,129 1,403,678 
Other real estate assets95,160 134,439 
Net reportable operating segment - real estate assets10,903,431 10,927,786 
Real estate under development212,426 386,047 
Co-investments1,081,861 1,018,010 
Real estate held for sale— 57,938 
Cash and cash equivalents, including restricted cash60,952 84,041 
Marketable securities183,140 147,768 
Notes and other receivables213,985 195,104 
Operating lease right-of-use assets69,756 72,143 
Prepaid expenses and other assets63,090 47,340 
Total assets$12,788,641 $12,936,177 

(9) Net Income Per Common Share and Net Income Per Common Unit

($ in thousands, except share and unit data):

Essex Property Trust, Inc.
 Three Months Ended September 30, 2021Three Months Ended September 30, 2020
 IncomeWeighted-
average
Common
Shares
Per
Common
Share
Amount
IncomeWeighted-
average
Common
Shares
Per
Common
Share
Amount
Basic:
Net income available to common stockholders$118,390 65,048,486 $1.82 $73,661 65,232,837 $1.13 
Effect of Dilutive Securities: 
Stock options— 99,295 — 8,591 
Diluted:      
Net income available to common stockholders$118,390 65,147,781 $1.82 $73,661 65,241,428 $1.13 
33


ESSEX PROPERTY TRUST, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
ESSEX PORTFOLIO, L.P. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
September 30, 2021 and 2020
(Unaudited)
 Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020
 IncomeWeighted-
average
Common
Shares
Per
Common
Share
Amount
IncomeWeighted-
average
Common
Shares
Per
Common
Share
Amount
Basic:
Net income available to common stockholders$351,680 65,013,477 $5.41 $473,125 65,561,820 $7.22 
Effect of Dilutive Securities: 
Stock options— 61,697 — 20,026 
DownREIT units— — 587 94,247 
Diluted:      
Net income available to common stockholders$351,680 65,075,174 $5.40 $473,712 65,676,093 $7.21 

The table above excludes from the calculations of diluted earnings per share weighted average convertible OP Units of 2,287,678 and 2,295,510, which include vested 2014 Long-Term Incentive Plan Units, and 2015 Long-Term Incentive Plan Units for the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and 2,291,725 and 2,297,141 for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, because they were anti-dilutive. The related income allocated to these convertible OP Units aggregated $4.2 million and $2.6 million for the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and $12.4 million and $16.5 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. Additionally, the table excludes all DownREIT units for which the Operating Partnership has the ability and intention to redeem the units for cash and does not consider them to be common stock equivalents.

Stock options of zero and 493,567 for the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and 116,380 and 299,046 for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, were excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share because the assumed proceeds per share of such options plus the average unearned compensation were greater than the average market price of the common stock for the periods ended and, therefore, were anti-dilutive.

Essex Portfolio, L.P.
 Three Months Ended September 30, 2021Three Months Ended September 30, 2020
 IncomeWeighted-
average
Common Units
Per
Common
Unit
Amount
IncomeWeighted-
average
Common Units
Per
Common
Unit
Amount
Basic:
Net income available to common unitholders$122,558 67,336,164 $1.82 $76,254 67,528,346 $1.13 
Effect of Dilutive Securities: 
Stock options— 99,295 — 8,591 
Diluted:      
Net income available to common unitholders$122,558 67,435,459 $1.82 $76,254 67,536,937 $1.13 
34


ESSEX PROPERTY TRUST, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
ESSEX PORTFOLIO, L.P. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
September 30, 2021 and 2020
(Unaudited)


 Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020
 IncomeWeighted-
average
Common Units
Per
Common
Unit
Amount
IncomeWeighted-
average
Common Units
Per
Common
Unit
Amount
Basic:
Net income available to common unitholders$364,083 67,307,259 $5.41 $489,668 67,858,961 $7.22 
Effect of Dilutive Securities: 
Stock options— 61,697 — 20,026 
DownREIT units— — 587 94,247 
Diluted:      
Net income available to common unitholders$364,083 67,368,956 $5.40 $490,255 67,973,234 $7.21 

Stock options of 0 and 493,567 for the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, 116,380 and 299,046 for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, were excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per unit because the assumed proceeds per unit of these options plus the average unearned compensation were greater than the average market price of the common unit for the periods ended and, therefore, were anti-dilutive. Additionally, the table excludes all DownREIT units for which the Operating Partnership has the ability and intention to redeem the units for cash and does not consider them to be common stock equivalents.

(10) Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities

As of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the aggregate carrying value of the interest rate swap contracts were a liability of zero and $2.4 million, respectively. As of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the swap contracts were presented in the condensed consolidated balance sheets as an asset of zero for both periods and a liability of zero and $2.4 million, respectively, and were included in other liabilities on the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

The Company has 4 total return swap contracts, with an aggregate notional amount of $224.5 million, that effectively convert $224.5 million of mortgage notes payable to a floating interest rate based on the Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association Municipal Swap Index ("SIFMA") plus a spread. The total return swaps provide fair market value protection on the mortgage notes payable to the counterparties during the initial period of the total return swap until the Company's option to call the mortgage notes at par can be exercised. The Company can currently call all of its total return swaps, with $224.5 million of the outstanding debt at par. These derivatives do not qualify for hedge accounting and had a carrying and fair value of zero at both September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020. These total return swaps are scheduled to mature between November 2022 and December 2024. The realized gains of $2.7 million and $3.0 million for the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and $8.1 million and $7.7 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, were reported in the condensed consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income as total return swap income.

(11) Commitments and Contingencies

The Company is subject to various lawsuits in the normal course of its business operations. Such lawsuits have not had a material adverse effect on the Company's financial condition, results of operations or cash flows. While no assurances can be given, the Company does not believe there is any pending or threatened litigation against the Company that, individually or in the aggregate, would reasonably be expected to have a material adverse effect on the Company.

The Company is subject to various federal, state, and local environmental and other laws. Compliance by the Company with existing laws has not had a material adverse effect on the Company. However, the Company cannot predict the impact of new, changed or expired laws or regulations on its current portfolio or on other assets that the Company may acquire in the future,
35


ESSEX PROPERTY TRUST, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
ESSEX PORTFOLIO, L.P. AND SUBSIDIARIES
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
September 30, 2021 and 2020
(Unaudited)
including, without limitation, certain eviction moratoriums and other mandates that have been, or may be, enacted or extended in connection with the COVID-19 pandemic. To the extent that an environmental or other matter arises or is identified in the future that has other than a remote risk of having a material impact on the condensed consolidated financial statements, the Company will disclose the estimated range of possible outcomes associated with it, and, if an outcome is probable, accrue an appropriate liability for that matter. The Company will consider whether any such matter results in an impairment of value on the affected property and, if so, impairment will be recognized.

36

Item 2: Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and accompanying Notes thereto included elsewhere herein and with the Company’s 2020 annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020. Capitalized terms not defined in this section have the meaning ascribed to them elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. The Company makes statements in this section that are forward-looking statements within the meaning of the federal securities laws. For a complete discussion of forward-looking statements, see the section in this Form 10-Q entitled "Forward-Looking Statements."
 
Essex is a self-administered and self-managed REIT that acquires, develops, redevelops, and manages apartment communities in selected residential areas located on the West Coast of the United States. Essex owns all of its interests in its real estate investments, directly or indirectly through the Operating Partnership. Essex is the sole general partner of the Operating Partnership and, as of September 30, 2021, had an approximately 96.6% general partnership interest in the Operating Partnership.

The Company’s investment strategy has two components: constant monitoring of existing markets, and evaluation of new markets to identify areas with the characteristics that underlie rental growth. The Company’s strong financial condition supports its investment strategy by enhancing its ability to quickly shift acquisition, development, redevelopment, and disposition activities to markets that will optimize the performance of the Company's portfolio.

As of September 30, 2021, the Company owned or had ownership interests in 246 operating apartment communities, comprising 60,799 apartment homes, excluding the Company’s ownership interest in preferred equity co-investments, loan investments, three operating commercial buildings, and a development pipeline comprised of two consolidated projects and one unconsolidated joint venture project. 

The Company’s apartment communities are located in the following major regions:

Southern California (primarily Los Angeles, Orange, San Diego, and Ventura counties)
Northern California (the San Francisco Bay Area)
Seattle Metro (Seattle metropolitan area)

As of September 30, 2021, the Company’s development pipeline was comprised of two consolidated projects under development, one unconsolidated joint venture project under development, and various predevelopment projects aggregating 571 apartment homes, with total incurred costs of $252.0 million, and estimated remaining project costs of approximately $84.0 million, $51.0 million of which represents the Company's share of estimated remaining costs, for total estimated project costs of $336.0 million.

The Company’s consolidated apartment communities are as follows:
 As of September 30, 2021As of September 30, 2020
 Apartment Homes%Apartment Homes%
Southern California22,190 43 %22,675 43 %
Northern California19,123 37 %19,319 37 %
Seattle Metro10,218 20 %10,217 20 %
Total51,531 100 %52,211 100 %

Co-investments, including Wesco I, Wesco III, Wesco IV, Wesco V, Wesco VI, BEXAEW, BEX II, BEX IV, and 500 Folsom communities, developments under construction, and preferred equity interest co-investment communities are not included in the table presented above for both periods. The community previously held in the BEX III co-investment, which was consolidated in the second quarter of 2021, is excluded from the September 30, 2020 table but included in the September 30, 2021 table.

Current Material Development – the COVID-19 Pandemic

The United States and other countries around the world are continuing to experience impacts related to COVID-19 pandemic and related variants which has created considerable instability, disruption, and uncertainty. Governmental authorities in impacted regions are continuing to take dramatic and unpredictable actions in an effort to slow COVID-19’s spread. Federal, state and local jurisdictions have implemented varying forms of requirements on sponsors and patrons of public gatherings and
37

requiring businesses to make changes to their operations in a manner that may negatively affect profitability, result in job losses and related financial impacts that may affect future operations to an unknown extent. While the California eviction moratorium sunsetted during the quarter, other state and local eviction moratoriums and, laws that limit rent increases during times of emergency and prohibit the ability to collect unpaid rent during certain timeframes, continue to be in effect in various formats at various regions in which Essex's communities are located, impacting Essex properties. The Company is working to comply with the stated intent of local, county, state and federal laws. In that regard, the Company has implemented a wide range of practices to protect and support its employees and residents. Such measures include:
instituting a hybrid work model for corporate associates to work at the Company's corporate offices and remotely;
transitioning many public interactions with leasing staff to on-line and telephonic communications; 
increasing cleaning practices for common areas and community amenities and opening common areas and community amenities with limited hours, limited capacity or by reservation only, depending in part on jurisdictional requirements; and
delaying the response to maintenance orders in certain circumstances in order to promote the protection of our employees and residents.

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, some of the Company's residents, their health, their employment, and, thus, their ability to pay rent, have been and may continue to be impacted. To support residents, the Company has implemented the following steps, including, but not limited to:
assembling a Resident Response Team to effectively and efficiently respond to resident needs and concerns with respect to the pandemic;
structuring payment plans for residents who are unable to pay their rent as a result of the outbreak and waiving late fees where required or applicable for those residents; and
establishing the Essex Cares fund for the purpose of supporting the Company’s residents and communities that are experiencing financial hardships caused by the COVID-19 pandemic.

The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the U.S. and world economies generally, and on the Company's results in particular, has been, and may continue to be significant. The long-term impact will largely depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted, including, but not limited to, whether employees and employers will continue to promote remote work if and when the pandemic concludes. This includes new information which may emerge concerning the severity of COVID-19 and related variants, the success of actions taken to contain or treat COVID-19 including but not limited to vaccination rates and the impacts of varying vaccine mandates, future laws that may be enacted, the impact on job growth and the broader economy, and reactions by consumers, companies, governmental entities and capital markets. The labor shortage due partly to various government mandates and vaccine requirements implemented during the COVID-19 pandemic and supply chain disruptions may negatively impact the Company's results of operations.

Primarily as a result of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, the Company's cash delinquencies as a percentage of scheduled rental income for the Company’s stabilized apartment communities or "Same-Property" (stabilized properties consolidated by the Company for the quarters ended September 30, 2021 and 2020) remained higher than the pre-pandemic period but improved from 2.7% for the three months ended September 30, 2020 to 1.4% for the three months ended September 30, 2021. The Company has executed some payment plans and will continue to work with residents to collect such cash delinquencies. As of September 30, 2021, the increase in delinquencies has not had a material adverse impact on the Company's liquidity position. The Company's average financial occupancy for the Company’s Same-Property portfolio increased from 96.0% for the three months ended September 30, 2020 to 96.4% for the three months ended September 30, 2021.

The COVID-19 pandemic has not negatively impacted the Company's ability to access traditional funding sources on the same or reasonably similar terms as were available in recent periods prior to the pandemic, as demonstrated by the Company's financing activity during the three months ended September 30, 2021 discussed in the "Liquidity and Capital Resources" section below. The Company is not at material risk of not meeting the covenants in its credit agreements and is able to timely service its debt and other obligations.

Comparison of the Three Months Ended September 30, 2021 to the Three Months Ended September 30, 2020

The Company’s average financial occupancy for the Company’s Same-Property portfolio was 96.4% and 96.0% for the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. Financial occupancy is defined as the percentage resulting from dividing actual rental income by total scheduled rental income. Actual rental income represents contractual rental income pursuant to leases without considering delinquency and concessions. Total scheduled rental income represents the value of all apartment homes, with occupied apartment homes valued at contractual rental rates pursuant to leases and vacant apartment homes valued at estimated market rents. The Company believes that financial occupancy is a meaningful measure of occupancy because it considers the value of each vacant apartment home at its estimated market rate.
38


Market rates are determined using the recently signed effective rates on new leases at the property and are used as the starting point in the determination of the market rates of vacant apartment homes. The Company may increase or decrease these rates based on a variety of factors, including overall supply and demand for housing, concentration of new apartment deliveries within the same submarket which can cause periodic disruption due to greater rental concessions to increase leasing velocity, and rental affordability. Financial occupancy may not completely reflect short-term trends in physical occupancy and financial occupancy rates, and the Company's calculation of financial occupancy may not be comparable to financial occupancy disclosed by other REITs.

The Company does not take into account delinquency and concessions to calculate actual rent for occupied apartment homes and market rents for vacant apartment homes. The calculation of financial occupancy compares contractual rates for occupied apartment homes to estimated market rents for unoccupied apartment homes, and thus the calculation compares the gross value of all apartment homes excluding delinquency and concessions. For apartment communities that are development properties in lease-up without stabilized occupancy figures, the Company believes the physical occupancy rate is the appropriate performance metric. While an apartment community is in the lease-up phase, the Company’s primary motivation is to stabilize the property which may entail the use of rent concessions and other incentives, and thus financial occupancy, which is based on contractual income, is not considered the best metric to quantify occupancy.

The regional breakdown of the Company’s Same-Property portfolio for financial occupancy for the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020 is as follows:
 Three Months Ended September 30,
 20212020
Southern California97.1 %95.9 %
Northern California95.9 %96.2 %
Seattle Metro95.8 %95.9 %

The following table provides a breakdown of revenues amounts, including revenues attributable to the Same-Properties:
 Number of ApartmentThree Months Ended September 30,DollarPercentage
Property Revenues ($ in thousands)Homes20212020ChangeChange
Same-Property Revenues:
Southern California20,800 $142,447 $130,829 $11,618 8.9 %
Northern California16,072 122,426 125,193 (2,767)(2.2)%
Seattle Metro10,218 60,280 60,617 (337)(0.6)%
Total Same-Property Revenues47,090 325,153 316,639 8,514 2.7 %
Non-Same Property Revenues 35,467 51,825 (16,358)(31.6)%
Total Property Revenues $360,620 $368,464 $(7,844)(2.1)%

Same-Property Revenues increased by $8.5 million or 2.7% to $325.2 million in the third quarter of 2021 from $316.6 million in the third quarter of 2020. The increase was primarily attributable to an increase in financial occupancy from 96.0% in the third quarter of 2020 to 96.4% in the third quarter of 2021, a decrease in concessions from $17.9 million in the third quarter of 2020 to $9.5 million in the third quarter of 2021, as well as a decrease in cash delinquencies from 2.7% for the three months ended September 30, 2020 to 1.4% for the three months ended September 30, 2021.

Non-Same Property Revenues decreased by $16.4 million or 31.6% to $35.5 million in the third quarter of 2021 from $51.8 million in the third quarter of 2020. The decrease was primarily due to the sale of 416 on Broadway in the fourth quarter of 2020 and the sales of Hidden Valley, Axis 2300, Park 20, and Devonshire Apartments in 2021.

Management and other fees from affiliates decreased by $0.1 million or 4.3% to $2.2 million in the third quarter of 2021 from $2.3 million in the third quarter of 2020. The decrease was primarily due to a decrease of the management fee rate for one of the joint ventures.
Property operating expenses, excluding real estate taxes increased by $1.5 million or 2.2% to $69.5 million for the third quarter of 2021 compared to $68.0 million for the third quarter of 2020, primarily due to increases of $1.6 million in utilities expense
39

and $1.3 million in maintenance and repairs expenses, offset by a decrease of $1.4 million in administrative expenses. Same-Property operating expenses, excluding real estate taxes, increased by $2.7 million or 4.4% to $63.5 million in the third quarter of 2021 compared to $60.8 million in the third quarter of 2020, primarily due to increases of $1.5 million in utilities expense, $1.4 million in maintenance and repairs expenses, and $0.5 million in insurance and other expenses, offset by a decrease of $0.7 million in administrative expenses.

Real estate taxes increased $1.4 million or 3.2% to $45.8 million for the third quarter of 2021 compared to $44.4 million for the third quarter of 2020, primarily due to increases in assessed valuations and tax rates. Same-Property real estate taxes increased by $1.1 million or 2.9% to $39.2 million in the third quarter of 2021 compared to $38.1 million in the third quarter of 2020, primarily due to an increase in assessed valuations and tax rates.

Corporate-level property management expenses increased by $0.5 million or 5.8% to $9.1 million for the third quarter of 2021 compared to $8.6 million for the third quarter of 2020.

Gain on sale of real estate and land of $42.9 million in the third quarter of 2021 was attributable to the sale of Devonshire Apartments.

Depreciation and amortization expense increased by $0.4 million or 0.3% to $130.6 million for the third quarter of 2021 compared to $130.2 million for the third quarter of 2020, primarily due to the recently completed development properties, Mylo, Station Park Green (Phase II and Phase III) and Wallace on Sunset as well as the acquisition of Village at Toluca Lake during the second quarter of 2021. The increases were partially offset by decreases in depreciation expense resulting from property dispositions in 2021, and amortization expense resulting from certain lease intangibles becoming fully amortized during 2020.

Interest expense decreased by $5.4 million or 9.7% to $50.0 million for the third quarter of 2021 compared to $55.4 million for the third quarter of 2020, primarily due to a decrease in average outstanding debt primarily as a result of debt that was paid off or matured, regular principal amortization during and after the third quarter of 2020, and lower average interest rates, which resulted in a decrease in interest expense of $11.5 million for the third quarter of 2020. These decreases to interest expense were partially offset by the issuance of $300 million of senior unsecured notes due June 15, 2031 in May 2021, $450.0 million of senior unsecured notes due March 1, 2028 in February 2021, $650 million of senior unsecured notes due March 15, 2032 in February and June 2020, and $600 million of senior unsecured notes due January 15, 2031 and September 1, 2050 in August 2020, which resulted in an increase of $4.1 million interest expense for the third quarter of 2021. Additionally, there was a $2.0 million decrease in capitalized interest in the third quarter of 2021, due to a decrease in development activity as compared to the same period in 2020.

Total return swap income of $2.7 million in the third quarter of 2021 consists of monthly settlements related to the Company's total return swap contracts with an aggregate notional amount of $224.5 million.

Interest and other income increased by $5.5 million or 84.6% to $12.0 million for the third quarter of 2021 compared to $6.5 million for the third quarter of 2020, primarily due to increases of $3.8 million in unrealized gains on marketable securities and $1.6 million in marketable securities and other income.

Equity income from co-investments increased by $10.4 million or 69.3% to $25.4 million for the third quarter of 2021 compared to $15.0 million for the third quarter of 2020, primarily due to increases of $11.1 million in equity income from non-core co-investments and $3.3 million in income from preferred equity investments, offset by decreases of $2.2 million in gain on sale of co-investment communities and $1.7 million in equity income from co-investments.

Deferred tax expense on unrealized gain on unconsolidated co-investment of $3.0 million for the third quarter of 2021 resulted from a net unrealized gain of $10.7 million from unconsolidated co-investments.

Comparison of the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021 to the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020

The Company's average financial occupancy for its stabilized apartment communities or "Same-Property" (stabilized properties consolidated by the Company for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020) was 96.6% and 95.9% for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

The regional breakdown of the Company's Same-Property portfolio for financial occupancy for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020 is as follows:

40

 Nine Months Ended September 30,
 20212020
Southern California97.0 %95.7 %
Northern California96.2 %96.0 %
Seattle Metro96.4 %96.0 %

 Number of ApartmentNine Months Ended
September 30,
DollarPercentage
Property Revenues ($ in thousands)Homes20212020ChangeChange
Same-Property Revenues:
Southern California20,800 $413,384 $407,362 $6,022 1.5 %
Northern California16,072 366,344 395,273 (28,929)(7.3)%
Seattle Metro10,218 178,180 184,310 (6,130)(3.3)%
Total Same-Property Revenues47,090 957,908 986,945 (29,037)(2.9)%
Non-Same Property Revenues 104,345 139,418 (35,073)(25.2)%
Total Property Revenues $1,062,253 $1,126,363 $(64,110)(5.7)%

Same-Property Revenues decreased by $29.0 million or 2.9% to $957.9 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2021 from $986.9 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2020. The decrease was primarily attributable to an additional $10.6 million of cash concessions compared to the prior year period and a decrease of 2.7% in average rental rates from $2,361 per apartment home in the nine months ended September 30, 2020 to $2,298 per apartment home in the nine months ended September 30, 2021.  

Non-Same Property Revenues decreased by $35.1 million or 25.2% to $104.3 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2021 from $139.4 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2020. The decrease was primarily due to property dispositions in 2020 and the sale of Hidden Valley, Axis 2300, Park 20, and Devonshire Apartments in 2021.

Management and other fees from affiliates decreased by $0.6 million or 8.2% to $6.7 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2021 from $7.3 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2020. The decrease was primarily due to a decrease in asset management fees resulting from the consolidation of six communities as part of the Company's purchase of Canada Pension Plan Investment Board's ("CPPIB") 45.0% co-investment interests in the first quarter of 2020, and a decrease in revenues used to calculate management fees.
Property operating expenses, excluding real estate taxes increased by $0.6 million or 0.3% to $197.9 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 compared to $197.3 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020, primarily due to an increase of $3.9 million in utilities expense offset by decreases of $2.0 million in administrative expenses and $1.3 million in maintenance and repairs expenses partially driven by sales in 2020 and the sales of Hidden Valley, Axis 2300, Park 20, and Devonshire Apartments in 2021. Same-Property operating expenses, excluding real estate taxes, increased by $3.5 million or 2.0% to $180.6 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2021 compared to $177.1 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2020, primarily due to increases of $3.9 million in utilities expenses and $1.8 million in insurance and other expenses, offset by decreases of $1.8 million in administrative expenses and $0.4 million in maintenance and repairs expenses.

Real estate taxes increased by $3.0 million or 2.3% to $135.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 compared to $132.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020, primarily due to increases in assessed valuations and tax rates. Same-Property real estate taxes increased by $3.1 million or 2.8% to $116.2 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2021 compared to $113.1 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2020, primarily due to an increase in assessed valuations and tax rates.

Corporate-level property management expenses increased by $1.1 million or 4.2% to $27.1 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 compared to $26.0 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020.

Depreciation and amortization expense decreased by $7.5 million or 1.9% to $387.9 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 compared to $395.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020, primarily due to a decrease in amortization expense resulting from certain lease intangibles becoming fully amortized during 2020 and the sale of Hidden Valley, Axis 2300, and Park 20 in the first quarter of 2021.
41


Gain on sale of real estate and land of $143.0 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2021 was attributable to the sale of Hidden Valley, Axis 2300, and Park 20 in the first quarter of 2021 and Devonshire Apartments in the third quarter of 2021.

Interest expense decreased by $12.4 million or 7.5% to $152.6 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 compared to $165.0 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020, primarily due to a decrease in average outstanding debt primarily as a result of debt that was paid off or matured, regular principal amortization during and after the third quarter of 2020, and lower average interest rates, which resulted in a decrease in interest expense of $36.6 million from the third quarter of 2020. These decreases to interest expense were partially offset by the issuance of $300 million of senior unsecured notes due June 15, 2031 in May 2021, $450.0 million of senior unsecured notes due March 1, 2028 in February 2021, $650 million of senior unsecured notes due March 15, 2032 in February and June 2020, and $600 million of senior unsecured notes due January 15, 2031 and September 1, 2050 in August 2020, which resulted in an increase of $16.9 million interest expense for the nine months ended September 30, 2021. Additionally, there was a $7.3 million decrease in capitalized interest in the nine months ended September 30, 2021, due to a decrease in development activity as compared to the same period in 2020.

Total return swap income of $8.1 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2021 consists of monthly settlements related to the Company's total return swap contracts with an aggregate notional amount of $224.5 million.

Interest and other income increased by $36.1 million or 284.3% to $48.8 million in income for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 compared to $12.7 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020, primarily due to increases of $21.6 million in unrealized gains on marketable securities, $6.9 million in marketable securities and other income, $4.7 million in income from early redemption of notes receivable, and $2.4 million in gain on sale of marketable securities.

Equity income from co-investments increased by $7.2 million or 13.5% to $60.7 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 compared to $53.5 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020, primarily due to increases of $14.9 million in equity income from non-core co-investments and $8.8 million in income from preferred equity investments including income from early redemptions. The increases were partially offset by decreases of $7.8 million in equity income from co-investments, $6.5 million in co-investment promote income, and $2.2 million in gain on sale of co-investment communities.

Deferred tax expense on unrealized gain on unconsolidated co-investment of $5.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 resulted from a net unrealized gain on $18.8 million from unconsolidated co-investments.

Loss on early retirement of debt, net of $19.0 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 was primarily due to the early termination of the Company's five interest rate swap contracts in conjunction with the partial repayment of the Company's unsecured term debt and the early repayment of $300.0 million of senior unsecured notes.

Gain on remeasurement of co-investment of $2.3 million resulted from the Company's purchase of BEX III's 50.0% interest in The Village at Toluca Lake community in the second quarter of 2021. The gain on remeasurement of $234.7 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 resulted from the Company's purchase of CPPIB's 45.0% co-investment interests during the first quarter of 2020.


Liquidity and Capital Resources

The United States and other countries around the world are continuing to experience an unprecedented health pandemic related to COVID-19, which has created considerable instability and disruption in the U.S. and world economies. Governmental authorities in affected regions have taken extraordinary steps in an effort to slow down the spread of the virus and mitigate its impact on affected populations.

As of September 30, 2021, the Company had $49.9 million of unrestricted cash and cash equivalents and $183.1 million in marketable securities, all of which were equity securities or available for sale debt securities. The Company believes that cash flows generated by its operations, existing cash and cash equivalents, marketable securities balances and availability under existing lines of credit are sufficient to meet all of its anticipated cash needs during the next twelve months. Additionally, the capital markets continue to be available and the Company is able to generate cash from the disposition of real estate assets to finance additional cash flow needs, including continued development and select acquisitions. In the event that conditions become further exacerbated due to the COVID-19 pandemic and related economic disruptions, the Company may further utilize other resources such as its cash reserves, lines of credit, or decreased investment in redevelopment activities to supplement operating cash flows. The Company is carefully monitoring and managing its cash position in light of ongoing conditions and levels of operations. The timing, source and amounts of cash flows provided by financing activities and used in investing
42

activities are sensitive to changes in interest rates and other fluctuations in the capital markets environment, which can affect the Company's plans for acquisitions, dispositions, development and redevelopment activities.

As of September 30, 2021, Moody’s Investor Service, and Standard and Poor's credit agencies rated the Company and the Operating Partnership, Baa1/Stable, and BBB+/Stable, respectively.

As of September 30, 2021, the Company had two unsecured lines of credit aggregating $1.24 billion. As of September 30, 2021, there was $35.0 million outstanding on the Company's $1.2 billion unsecured line of credit. The underlying interest rate is based on a tiered rate structure tied to the Company's credit ratings and sustainability-linked metrics and was LIBOR plus 0.775% as of September 30, 2021. This facility is scheduled to mature in September 2025, with three 6-month extensions, exercisable at the Company's option. As of September 30, 2021, there was $7.7 million outstanding on the Company's $35.0 million working capital unsecured line of credit. The underlying interest rate on the $35.0 million line is based on a tiered rate structure tied to the Company's credit ratings and sustainability-linked metrics and was LIBOR plus 0.775% as of September 30, 2021. This facility is scheduled to mature in February 2023.

In June 2021, the Operating Partnership issued $300.0 million of senior unsecured notes due on June 15, 2031 with a coupon rate of 2.550% per annum (the "2031 Notes"), which are payable on June 15 and December 15 of each year, beginning on December 15, 2021. The 2031 Notes were offered to investors at a price of 99.367% of par value. The 2031 Notes are general unsecured senior obligations of the Operating Partnership, rank equally in right of payment with all other senior unsecured indebtedness of the Operating Partnership and are unconditionally guaranteed by Essex. The Company used the net proceeds of this offering to repay upcoming debt maturities, including to fund the redemption of $300.0 million aggregate principal amount (plus the make-whole amount and accrued and unpaid interest) of its outstanding 3.375% senior unsecured notes due January 2023, and for other general corporate and working capital purposes.

In March 2021, the Operating Partnership issued $450.0 million of senior unsecured notes due on March 1, 2028 with a coupon rate of 1.700% per annum (the "2028 Notes"), which are payable on March 1 and September 1 of each year, beginning on September 1, 2021. The 2028 Notes were offered to investors at a price of 99.423% of par value. The 2028 Notes are general unsecured senior obligations of the Operating Partnership, rank equally in right of payment with all other senior unsecured indebtedness of the Operating Partnership and are unconditionally guaranteed by Essex. The Company used the net proceeds of this offering to repay upcoming debt maturities, including all or a portion of certain unsecured term loans, and for general corporate and working capital purposes.

In September 2021, the Company entered into a new equity distribution agreement pursuant to which the Company may offer and sell shares of its common stock having an aggregate gross sales price of up to $900.0 million (the “2021 ATM Program”). In connection with the 2021 ATM Program, the Company may also enter into related forward sale agreements whereby, at the Company’s discretion, it may sell shares of its common stock under the 2021 ATM Program under forward sales agreements. The use of a forward sale agreement would allow the Company to lock in a share price on the sale of shares of its common stock at the time the agreement is executed, but defer receiving the proceeds from the sale of shares until a later date.

The 2021 ATM Program replaces the Company’s prior equity distribution agreement entered into in September 2018 (the “2018 ATM Program”), which was terminated upon the establishment of the 2021 ATM Program. During the nine months ended September 30, 2021, the Company did not sell any shares of its common stock through the 2021 ATM Program or through the 2018 ATM Program. As of September 30, 2021, there are no outstanding forward purchase agreements, and $900.0 million of shares remains available to be sold under the 2021 ATM Program.

In December 2015, the Company’s Board of Directors authorized a stock repurchase plan to allow the Company to acquire shares in an aggregate of up to $250.0 million. In February 2019, the Board of Directors approved the replenishment of the stock repurchase plan such that, as of such date, the Company had $250.0 million of purchase authority remaining under the stock repurchase plan. In each of May and December 2020, the Board of Directors approved the replenishment of the stock repurchase plan such that, as of such date, the Company had $250.0 million of purchase authority remaining under the replenished plan. During the nine months ended September 30, 2021, the Company repurchased and retired 40,000 shares of its common stock totaling $9.2 million, including commissions, at an average price of $229.30 per share. As of September 30, 2021, the Company had $214.5 million of purchase authority remaining under the stock repurchase plan.

Essex pays quarterly dividends from cash available for distribution. Until it is distributed, cash available for distribution is invested by the Company primarily in investment grade securities held available for sale or is used by the Company to reduce balances outstanding under its line of credit. 

Development and Predevelopment Pipeline
43


The Company defines development projects as new communities that are being constructed or are newly constructed and are in a phase of lease-up and have not yet reached stabilized operations. As of September 30, 2021, the Company’s development pipeline was comprised of two consolidated projects under development, one unconsolidated joint venture project under development and various consolidated predevelopment projects, aggregating 571 apartment homes, with total incurred costs of $252.0 million, and estimated remaining project costs of approximately $84.0 million, $51.0 million of which represents the Company's share of estimated remaining costs, for total estimated project costs of $336.0 million.

The Company defines predevelopment projects as proposed communities in negotiation or in the entitlement process with an expected high likelihood of becoming entitled development projects. The Company may also acquire land for future development purposes or sale.

The Company expects to fund the development and predevelopment communities by using a combination of some or all of the following sources: its working capital, amounts available on its lines of credit, construction loans, net proceeds from public and private equity and debt issuances, and proceeds from the disposition of assets, if any.

Derivative Activity

The Company uses interest rate swaps, interest rate caps, and total return swap contracts to manage certain interest rate risks. The valuation of these instruments is determined using widely accepted valuation techniques including discounted cash flow analysis on the expected cash flows of each derivative. This analysis reflects the contractual terms of the derivatives, including the period to maturity, and uses observable market-based inputs, including interest rate curves. The fair values of interest rate swaps and total return swaps are determined using the market standard methodology of netting the discounted future fixed cash receipts (or payments) and the discounted expected variable cash payments (or receipts). The variable cash payments (or receipts) are based on an expectation of future interest rates (forward curves) derived from observable market interest rate curves. The Company incorporates credit valuation adjustments to appropriately reflect both its own nonperformance risk and the respective counterparty’s nonperformance risk in the fair value measurements.

Alternative Capital Sources

The Company utilizes co-investments as an alternative source of capital for acquisitions of both operating and development communities. As of September 30, 2021, the Company had an interest in 264 apartment homes in communities actively under development with joint ventures for total estimated costs of $0.1 billion. Total estimated remaining costs are approximately $68.0 million, of which the Company estimates its remaining investment in these development joint ventures will be approximately $34.7 million. In addition, the Company had an interest in 9,468 apartment homes of operating communities with joint ventures for a total book value of $470.8 million as of September 30, 2021.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

The Company has various unconsolidated interests in certain joint ventures. The Company does not believe that these unconsolidated investments have a materially different impact on its liquidity, cash flows, capital resources, credit or market risk than its consolidated operations. See Note 4, Co-investments, in the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, for carrying values and combined summarized financial information of these unconsolidated investments.
 
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
 
The preparation of condensed consolidated financial statements, in accordance with U.S. GAAP, requires the Company to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses and related disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities. The Company defines critical accounting policies as those accounting policies that require the Company’s management to exercise their most difficult, subjective and complex judgments. The Company’s critical accounting policies and estimates relate principally to the following key areas: (i) accounting for the acquisition of investments in real estate (specifically, the allocation between land and buildings); and (ii) evaluation of events and changes in circumstances indicating whether the Company’s rental properties may be impaired. The Company bases its estimates on historical experience, current market conditions, and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results may differ from those estimates made by management.

The Company’s critical accounting policies and estimates have not changed materially from the information reported in Note 2, Summary of Critical and Significant Accounting Policies, in the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.
44

  
Forward-Looking Statements
 
Certain statements in this "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations," and elsewhere in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q which are not historical facts may be considered forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the "Securities Act"), and Section 21E of the Exchange Act, including statements regarding the Company's expectations, estimates, assumptions, hopes, intentions, beliefs and strategies regarding the future. Words such as "expects," "assumes," "anticipates," "may," "will," "intends," "plans," "projects," "believes," "seeks," "future," "estimates," and variations of such words and similar expressions are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. Such forward-looking statements include, among other things, statements regarding the Company’s expectations related to the continued impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and related variants on the Company’s business, financial condition and results of operations and the impact of any additional measures taken to mitigate the impact of the pandemic, the Company's intent, beliefs or expectations with respect to the timing of completion of current development and redevelopment projects and the stabilization of such projects, the timing of lease-up and occupancy of its apartment communities, the anticipated operating performance of its apartment communities, the total projected costs of development and redevelopment projects, co-investment activities, qualification as a REIT under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, the real estate markets in the geographies in which the Company’s properties are located and in the United States in general, the adequacy of future cash flows to meet anticipated cash needs, its financing activities and the use of proceeds from such activities, the availability of debt and equity financing, general economic conditions including the potential impacts from such economic conditions, including as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and governmental measures intended to prevent its spread, trends affecting the Company’s financial condition or results of operations, changes to U.S. tax laws and regulations in general or specifically related to REITs or real estate, changes to laws and regulations in jurisdictions in which communities the Company owns are located, and other information that is not historical information.

While the Company's management believes the assumptions underlying its forward-looking statements are reasonable, such forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors, many of which are beyond the Company’s control, which could cause the actual results, performance or achievements of the Company to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. The Company cannot assure the future results or outcome of the matters described in these statements; rather, these statements merely reflect the Company’s current expectations of the approximate outcomes of the matters discussed. Factors that might cause the Company’s actual results, performance or achievements to differ materially from those expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, the following: the continued impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and related variants, which remains inherently uncertain as to duration and severity, and any additional governmental measures taken to limit its spread and other potential future outbreaks of infectious diseases or other health concerns could continue to adversely affect the Company’s business and its tenants, and cause a significant downturn in general economic conditions, the real estate industry, and the markets in which the Company's communities are located; the Company may fail to achieve its business objectives; the actual completion of development and redevelopment projects may be subject to delays; the stabilization dates of such projects may be delayed; the Company may abandon or defer development or redevelopment projects for a number of reasons, including changes in local market conditions which make development less desirable, increases in costs of development, increases in the cost of capital or lack of capital availability, resulting in losses; the total projected costs of current development and redevelopment projects may exceed expectations; such development and redevelopment projects may not be completed; development and redevelopment projects and acquisitions may fail to meet expectations; estimates of future income from an acquired property may prove to be inaccurate; occupancy rates and rental demand may be adversely affected by competition and local economic and market conditions; there may be increased interest rates and operating costs; the Company may be unsuccessful in the management of its relationships with its co-investment partners; future cash flows may be inadequate to meet operating requirements and/or may be insufficient to provide for dividend payments in accordance with REIT requirements; changes in laws or regulations; the terms of any refinancing may not be as favorable as the terms of existing indebtedness; unexpected difficulties in leasing of development projects; volatility in financial and securities markets; the Company’s failure to successfully operate acquired properties; unforeseen consequences from cyber-intrusion; the Company’s inability to maintain our investment grade credit rating with the rating agencies; government approvals, actions and initiatives, including the need for compliance with environmental requirements; and those further risks, special considerations, and other factors referred to in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q, in the Company's annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, and those risk factors and special considerations set forth in the Company's other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC") which may cause the actual results, performance or achievements of the Company to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Additionally, the risks, uncertainties and other factors set forth above or otherwise referred to in the reports that the Company has filed with the SEC may be further amplified by the global impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and related variants. All forward-looking statements are made as of the date hereof, the Company assumes no obligation to
45

update or supplement this information for any reason, and therefore, they may not represent the Company’s estimates and assumptions after the date of this report.

Funds from Operations Attributable to Common Stockholders and Unitholders
 
Funds from Operations Attributable to Common Stockholders and Unitholders ("FFO") is a financial measure that is commonly used in the REIT industry. The Company presents FFO and FFO excluding non-core items (referred to as "Core FFO") as supplemental operating performance measures. FFO and Core FFO are not used by the Company as, nor should they be considered to be, alternatives to net income computed under U.S. GAAP as an indicator of the Company’s operating performance or as alternatives to cash from operating activities computed under U.S. GAAP as an indicator of the Company’s ability to fund its cash needs.

FFO and Core FFO are not meant to represent a comprehensive system of financial reporting and do not present, nor do they intend to present, a complete picture of the Company's financial condition and operating performance. The Company believes that net income computed under U.S. GAAP is the primary measure of performance and that FFO and Core FFO are only meaningful when they are used in conjunction with net income. 

The Company considers FFO and Core FFO to be useful financial performance measurements of an equity REIT because, together with net income and cash flows, FFO and Core FFO provide investors with additional bases to evaluate operating performance and ability of a REIT to incur and service debt and to fund acquisitions and other capital expenditures and to pay dividends. By excluding gains or losses related to sales of depreciated operating properties and excluding real estate depreciation (which can vary among owners of identical assets in similar condition based on historical cost accounting and useful life estimates), FFO can help investors compare the operating performance of a real estate company between periods or as compared to different companies. By further adjusting for items that are not considered part of the Company’s core business operations, Core FFO allows investors to compare the core operating performance of the Company to its performance in prior reporting periods and to the operating performance of other real estate companies without the effect of items that by their nature are not comparable from period to period and tend to obscure the Company’s actual operating results. The Company believes that its condensed consolidated financial statements, prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP, provide the most meaningful picture of its financial condition and its operating performance.
 
In calculating FFO, the Company follows the definition for this measure published by the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts ("NAREIT"), which is the leading REIT industry association. The Company believes that, under the NAREIT FFO definition, the two most significant adjustments made to net income are (i) the exclusion of historical cost depreciation and (ii) the exclusion of gains and losses from the sale of previously depreciated properties. The Company agrees that these two NAREIT adjustments are useful to investors for the following reasons:
 
(a)historical cost accounting for real estate assets in accordance with U.S. GAAP assumes, through depreciation charges, that the value of real estate assets diminishes predictably over time. NAREIT stated in its White Paper on Funds from Operations "since real estate asset values have historically risen or fallen with market conditions, many industry investors have considered presentations of operating results for real estate companies that use historical cost accounting to be insufficient by themselves." Consequently, NAREIT’s definition of FFO reflects the fact that real estate, as an asset class, generally appreciates over time and depreciation charges required by U.S. GAAP do not reflect the underlying economic realities.

(b)REITs were created as a legal form of organization in order to encourage public ownership of real estate as an asset class through investment in firms that were in the business of long-term ownership and management of real estate.  The exclusion, in NAREIT’s definition of FFO, of gains and losses from the sales of previously depreciated operating real estate assets allows investors and analysts to readily identify the operating results of the long-term assets that form the core of a REIT’s activity and assists in comparing those operating results between periods.

Management believes that it has consistently applied the NAREIT definition of FFO to all periods presented. However, there is judgment involved and other REITs’ calculation of FFO may vary from the NAREIT definition for this measure, and thus their disclosure of FFO may not be comparable to the Company’s calculation.

The following table is a reconciliation of net income available to common stockholders to FFO and Core FFO for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020 (in thousands, except share and per share amounts):

46

Essex Property Trust, Inc.
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2021202020212020
Net income available to common stockholders$118,390 $73,661 $351,680 $473,125 
Adjustments:    
Depreciation and amortization130,564 130,202 387,887 395,370 
Gains not included in FFO attributable to common stockholders and unitholders(42,897)(24,879)(145,253)(276,170)
Depreciation and amortization from unconsolidated co-investments15,044 12,883 44,592 38,191 
Noncontrolling interest related to Operating Partnership units4,168 2,593 12,403 16,543 
Depreciation attributable to third party ownership and other(145)(134)(412)(407)
Funds from operations attributable to common stockholders and unitholders$225,124 $194,326 $650,897 $646,652 
Funds from operations attributable to common stockholders and unitholders per share - diluted$3.34 $2.88 $9.67 $9.53 
Non-core items:    
Expensed acquisition and investment related costs108 164 104 
Deferred tax expense on unrealized gain on unconsolidated co-investment (1)
3,041 — 5,391 1,636 
Gain on sale of marketable securities— (91)(2,499)(124)
Unrealized gains on marketable securities(7,091)(3,288)(23,772)(2,215)
Provision for credit losses(3)(110)100 
Equity income from non-core co-investments (2)
(10,868)213 (19,266)(4,373)
Loss on early retirement of debt, net— 19,114 18,982 23,820 
Loss (gain) on early retirement of debt from unconsolidated co-investment15 — 18 (38)
Co-investment promote income— — — (6,455)
Income from early redemption of preferred equity investments and notes receivable— — (8,260)(210)
General and administrative and other, net252 2,510 765 5,642 
Insurance reimbursements, legal settlements, and other, net(4)132 (190)69 
Core Funds from Operations attributable to common stockholders and unitholders$210,574 $212,921 $622,120 $664,608 
Core Funds from Operations attributable to common stockholders and unitholders per share-diluted$3.12 $3.15 $9.24 $9.80 
Weighted average number shares outstanding, diluted (3)
67,391,333 67,495,286 67,324,087 67,837,336 

(1) Represents deferred tax expense related to net unrealized gains on technology co-investments.
(2) Represents the Company's share of co-investment income from technology co-investments.
(3) Assumes conversion of all outstanding Operating Partnership limited partnership units ("OP Units") into shares of the Company's common stock and excludes all DownREIT units for which the Operating Partnership has the ability and intention to redeem the units for cash and does not consider them to be common stock equivalents.

47

Net Operating Income

Net operating income ("NOI") and Same-Property NOI are considered by management to be important supplemental performance measures to earnings from operations included in the Company’s condensed consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income. The presentation of Same-Property NOI assists with the presentation of the Company’s operations prior to the allocation of depreciation and any corporate-level or financing-related costs. NOI reflects the operating performance of a community and allows for an easy comparison of the operating performance of individual communities or groups of communities. In addition, because prospective buyers of real estate have different financing and overhead structures, with varying marginal impacts to overhead by acquiring real estate, NOI is considered by many in the real estate industry to be a useful measure for determining the value of a real estate asset or group of assets. The Company defines Same-Property NOI as Same-Property revenues less Same-Property operating expenses, including property taxes. Please see the reconciliation of earnings from operations to NOI and Same-Property NOI, which in the table below is the NOI for stabilized properties consolidated by the Company for the periods presented ($ in thousands):

 Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2021202020212020
Earnings from operations$137,971 $128,937 $428,733 $379,510 
Adjustments:    
Corporate-level property management expenses9,068 8,619 27,120 26,024 
Depreciation and amortization130,564 130,202 387,887 395,370 
Management and other fees from affiliates(2,237)(2,347)(6,707)(7,312)
General and administrative12,712 13,310 34,746 42,244 
Expensed acquisition and investment related costs108 164 104 
Gain on sale of real estate and land(42,897)(22,654)(142,993)(39,251)
NOI245,289 256,069 728,950 796,689 
Less: Non-Same Property NOI(22,807)(38,308)(67,844)(99,957)
Same-Property NOI$222,482 $217,761 $661,106 $696,732 

Item 3: Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risks

Interest Rate Hedging Activities

The Company’s objective in using derivatives is to add stability to interest expense and to manage its exposure to interest rate movements or other identified risks. To accomplish this objective, the Company uses interest rate swaps as part of its cash flow hedging strategy. The Company previously had five interest rate swaps that were designated as cash flow hedges of interest rate risk and were terminated as of March 31, 2021 in conjunction with the partial repayment of the Company's unsecured term debt. As of September 30, 2021, the Company also had $224.5 million of secured variable rate indebtedness.

Additionally, the Company has entered into four total return swap contracts, with an aggregate notional amount of $224.5 million that effectively convert $224.5 million of fixed mortgage notes payable to a floating interest rate based on the SIFMA plus a spread and have a carrying value of zero at September 30, 2021. The Company is exposed to insignificant interest rate risk on these swaps as the related mortgages are callable, at par, by the Company, co-terminus with the termination of any related swap. These derivatives do not qualify for hedge accounting.

Interest Rate Sensitive Liabilities

The Company is exposed to interest rate changes primarily as a result of its lines of credit and long-term debt used to maintain liquidity and fund capital expenditures and expansion of the Company's real estate investment portfolio and operations. The Company’s interest rate risk management objective is to limit the impact of interest rate changes on earnings and cash flows and to lower its overall borrowing costs. To achieve its objectives, the Company borrows primarily at fixed rates and may enter into derivative financial instruments such as interest rate swaps, caps, and treasury locks in order to mitigate its interest rate risk on a related financial instrument. The Company does not enter into derivative or interest rate transactions for speculative purposes.

48

The Company’s interest rate risk is monitored using a variety of techniques. The table below presents the principal amounts and weighted average interest rates by year of expected maturity to evaluate the expected cash flows.
 
For the Years Ended20212022202320242025ThereafterTotalFair value
($ in thousands, except for interest rates)
Fixed rate debt$709 42,408 302,093 402,177 632,035 4,384,849 $5,764,271 $6,057,802 
Average interest rate3.4 %3.7 %3.4 %4.0 %3.5 %3.1 %3.2 % 
Variable rate debt (1)
$184 100,780 8,514 932 1,019 255,780 $367,209 $364,250 
Average interest rate1.2 %1.1 %1.0 %1.2 %1.2 %1.0 %1.0 % 
 
(1) $224.5 million is subject to total return swaps.

The table incorporates only those exposures that exist as of September 30, 2021. It does not consider those exposures or positions that could arise after that date. As a result, the Company's ultimate realized gain or loss, with respect to interest rate fluctuations and hedging strategies would depend on the exposures that arise prior to settlement.

Item 4: Controls and Procedures

Essex Property Trust, Inc.

As of September 30, 2021, Essex carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of management, including Essex’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of Essex's disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act). Based upon that evaluation, Essex’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that as of September 30, 2021, Essex's disclosure controls and procedures were effective to ensure that the information required to be disclosed by Essex in the reports that Essex files or submits under the Exchange Act was recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC's rules and forms and that such disclosure controls and procedures were also effective to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the reports that Essex files or submits under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to Essex’s management, including Essex’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

There were no changes in Essex's internal control over financial reporting, that occurred during the quarter ended September 30, 2021, that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, Essex’s internal control over financial reporting.

Essex Portfolio, L.P.

As of September 30, 2021, the Operating Partnership carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of management, including Essex's Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of the Operating Partnership's disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act). Based upon that evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that as of September 30, 2021, the Operating Partnership's disclosure controls and procedures were effective to ensure that the information required to be disclosed by the Operating Partnership in the reports that the Operating Partnership files or submits under the Exchange Act was recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC's rules and forms and that such disclosure controls and procedures were also effective to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the reports that the Operating Partnership files or submits under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to the Operating Partnership’s management, including Essex's Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

There were no changes in the Operating Partnership's internal control over financial reporting, that occurred during the quarter ended September 30, 2021, that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Operating Partnership’s internal control over financial reporting.
 
Part II -- Other Information

Item 1: Legal Proceedings
49


The Company is subject to various lawsuits in the normal course of its business operations. While the resolution of any such matter cannot be predicted with certainty, the Company is not currently a party to any legal proceedings nor is any legal proceeding currently threatened against the Company that the Company believes, individually or in the aggregate, would have a material adverse effect on the Company's financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

Item 1A: Risk Factors

In addition to the other information set forth in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q, you should carefully consider the factors discussed in "Part I. Item 1A. Risk Factors" in the Company's annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, which could materially affect the Company's financial condition, results of operations or cash flows. There have been no material changes to the Risk Factors disclosed in Item 1A of the Company's annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, as filed with the SEC and available at www.sec.gov. The risks described in the Company's annual report on Form 10-K and subsequent quarterly reports on Form 10-Q are not the only risks facing the Company. Additional risks and uncertainties not currently known or that the Company currently deems to be immaterial may also materially adversely affect the Company's financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.
Item 2: Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities; Essex Portfolio, L.P.

During the three months ended September 30, 2021, the Operating Partnership issued OP Units in private placements in reliance on the exemption from registration provided by Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act, in the amounts and for the consideration set forth below:

During the three months ended September 30, 2021, Essex issued an aggregate of 77,036 shares of its common stock upon the exercise of stock options, the vesting of restricted stock awards, and the exchange of OP Units and DownREIT units by limited partners or members into shares of common stock. Essex contributed the net proceeds of $15.6 million from the option exercises during the three months ended September 30, 2021 to the Operating Partnership in exchange for an aggregate of 67,743 OP Units, as required by the Operating Partnership’s partnership agreement. Furthermore, for each share of common stock issued by Essex in connection with vesting of restricted stock awards and the exchange of OP Units and DownREIT units, the Operating Partnership issued OP Units to Essex, as required by the partnership agreement. During the three months ended September 30, 2021, 9,293 OP Units were issued to Essex pursuant to this mechanism.

Stock Repurchases

In December 2020, the Board of Directors approved the replenishment of the Company's stock repurchase plan such that, as of such date, the Company had $250.0 million of purchase authority remaining under the replenished plan. As a result of the replenishment, as of September 30, 2021, the Company had $214.5 million of purchase authority remaining under the stock repurchase plan. The Company did not repurchase any of its common stock during the three months ended September 30,
2021.

Item 3: Defaults Upon Senior Securities

None.

Item 4: Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable.

Item 5: Other Information

None.
50

Item 6: Exhibits
 
A. Exhibits
101.INSXBRL Instance Document - the Instance Document does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document.
101.SCHXBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CALXBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.DEFXBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
101.LABXBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
101.PREXBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
104Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101).

* Filed or furnished herewith.

** In accordance with Item 601(b)(32) of Regulation S-K, this Exhibit is not deemed "filed" for purposes of Section 18 of the Exchange Act or otherwise subject to the liabilities of that section. Such certifications will not be deemed incorporated by reference into any filing under the Securities Act or the Exchange Act, except to the extent that the registrant specifically incorporates it by reference.
51

SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrants have duly caused this report to be signed on their behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
                    
 ESSEX PROPERTY TRUST, INC.
 (Registrant)
 Date: October 27, 2021
 
By: /s/ BARBARA PAK
 Barbara Pak
 Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer
(Authorized Officer, Principal Financial Officer)

 Date: October 27, 2021
 
By: /s/ JOHN FARIAS
 John Farias
 Senior Vice President, Chief Accounting Officer

 
ESSEX PORTFOLIO, L.P.
By Essex Property Trust, Inc., its general partner
 (Registrant)
 Date: October 27, 2021
 
By: /s/ BARBARA PAK
 Barbara Pak
 Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer
(Authorized Officer, Principal Financial Officer)

 Date: October 27, 2021
 
By: /s/ JOHN FARIAS
 John Farias
 Senior Vice President, Chief Accounting Officer

52