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BCOR Blucora

Filed: 5 Aug 20, 6:56am

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
       
FORM 10-Q
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2020
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                         to                     
Commission File Number: 000-25131
bcor-20200630_g1.jpg
Blucora, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware91-1718107
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
3200 Olympus Blvd, Suite 100, Dallas, Texas 75019
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
(972) 870-6400
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.0001 per shareBCORNASDAQ Global Select Market

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. ý Yes o No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  ý Yes o No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerýAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). ☐ Yes ý No
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
As of July 31, 2020, 48,037,939 shares of the registrant’s Common Stock were outstanding.



TABLE OF CONTENTS
This report includes some of the trademarks, trade names, and service marks of Blucora, Inc. (referred to throughout this report as “Blucora,” the “Company,” “we,” “us,” or “our”), including Blucora, Avantax Wealth Management, HD Vest, 1st Global, HKFS, TaxAct, Tax-Smart Investing, Capital Gains Analyzer, Tax-Loss Harvester, and Social Security Planner. Each one of these trademarks, trade names, or service marks is either (i) our registered trademark, (ii) a trademark for which we have a pending application, (iii) a trade name or service mark for which we claim common law rights, or (iv) a registered trademark or application for registration that we have been authorized by a third party to use.
Solely for convenience, the trademarks, service marks, and trade names included in this report are without the ®, ™ or other applicable symbols, but such references are not intended to indicate, in any way, that we will not assert, to the fullest extent under applicable law, our rights or the rights of the applicable licensors to these trademarks, service marks, and trade names. This report may also include additional trademarks, service marks, and trade names of others, which are the property of their respective owners. All trademarks, service marks, and trade names included in this report are, to our knowledge, the property of their respective owners.
References to our or our subsidiaries’ website addresses or the website addresses of third parties in this report do not constitute incorporation by reference of the information contained on such websites and should not be considered part of this document.

Blucora, Inc. | Q2 2020 Form 10-Q 2


CAUTIONARY STATEMENT REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (“Form 10-Q”) contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, that involve risks and uncertainties. Many of the forward-looking statements are located in Part I, Item 2 of this Form 10-Q under the heading “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.” Forward-looking statements provide current expectations of future events based on certain assumptions and include any statement that does not directly relate to any historical or current fact. Forward-looking statements can also be identified by words such as “anticipates,” “believes,” “plans,” “expects,” “future,” “intends,” “may,” “will,” “would,” “could,” “should,” “estimates,” “predicts,” “potential,” “continues,” “target,” “outlook,” and similar terms and expressions, but the absence of these words does not mean that the statement is not forward-looking. These forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements regarding:
the impact of the coronavirus pandemic on our results of operations and our business, including the impact of the resulting economic and market disruption, the extension of tax filing deadlines, and other related relief;
our ability to effectively compete within our industry;
our ability to attract and retain financial professionals, qualified employees, clients and customers, as well as our ability to provide strong customer/client service;
our ability to close, finance, and realize all of the anticipated benefits of acquisitions, as well as our ability to integrate the operations of recently acquired businesses;
our future capital requirements and the availability of financing, if necessary;
our ability to meet our current and future debt service obligations, including our ability to maintain compliance with our debt covenants;
our ability to generate strong performance for our clients and the impact of the financial markets on our clients’ portfolios;
the impact of new or changing legislation and regulations (or interpretations thereof) on our business, including our ability to successfully address and comply with such legislation and regulations (or interpretations thereof) and increased costs, reductions of revenue, and potential fines, penalties, or disgorgement to which we may be subject as a result thereof;
risks, burdens, and costs, including fines, penalties, or disgorgement, associated with our business being subjected to regulatory inquiries, investigations, or initiatives, including those of the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority and the Securities and Exchange Commission;
risks associated with legal proceedings, including litigation and regulatory proceedings;
our ability to manage leadership and employee transitions, including costs and time burdens on management and our board of directors related thereto;
political and economic conditions and events that directly or indirectly impact the wealth management and tax preparation industries;
our ability to respond to rapid technological changes, including our ability to successfully release new products and services or improve upon existing products and services;
our expectations concerning the revenues we generate from fees associated with the financial products that we distribute;
risks related to goodwill and other intangible asset impairment;
our ability to develop, establish, and maintain strong brands;
risks associated with the use and implementation of information technology and the effect of security breaches, computer viruses, and computer hacking attacks;
our ability to comply with laws and regulations regarding privacy and protection of user data;
our ability to maintain our relationships with third-party partners, providers, suppliers, vendors, distributors, contractors, financial institutions, industry associations, and licensing partners, and our expectations regarding and reliance on the products, tools, platforms, systems, and services provided by these third parties;
Blucora, Inc. | Q2 2020 Form 10-Q 3


our beliefs and expectations regarding the seasonality of our business;
our assessments and estimates that determine our effective tax rate; and
our ability to protect our intellectual property and the impact of any claim that we have infringed on the intellectual property rights of others.
Forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and are subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties, and other factors that may cause our results, levels of activity, performance, achievements, and prospects to be materially different from those expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. These risks, uncertainties, and other factors include, among others, the risk factors set forth in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019, as supplemented by those identified under Part II, Item 1A, “Risk Factors” and elsewhere in this Form 10-Q, as well as in our other filings with the SEC. All forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this Form 10-Q. We do not undertake any obligation and do not intend to update or revise any forward-looking statement to reflect new information, events, or circumstances after the date of this Form 10-Q or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events, except as required by law.




Blucora, Inc. | Q2 2020 Form 10-Q 4



PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
BLUCORA, INC.
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except per share data)
June 30,
2020
December 31,
2019
ASSETS
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$90,081  $80,820  
Cash segregated under federal or other regulations1,266  5,630  
Accounts receivable, net of allowance15,913  16,266  
Commissions receivable15,590  21,176  
Other receivables5,711  2,902  
Prepaid expenses and other current assets, net10,237  12,349  
Total current assets138,798  139,143  
Long-term assets:
Property and equipment, net43,793  18,706  
Right-of-use assets, net27,653  10,151  
Goodwill, net391,084  662,375  
Other intangible assets, net275,790  290,211  
Deferred tax asset, net1,613  9,997  
Other long-term assets3,749  6,989  
Total long-term assets743,682  998,429  
Total assets$882,480  $1,137,572  
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable$13,689  $10,969  
Commissions and advisory fees payable14,695  19,905  
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities35,114  36,144  
Deferred revenue—current4,178  12,014  
Lease liabilities—current1,251  3,272  
Current portion of long-term debt, net1,230  11,228  
Total current liabilities70,157  93,532  
Long-term liabilities:
Long-term debt, net381,561  381,485  
Deferred revenue—long-term6,709  7,172  
Lease liabilities—long-term36,407  5,916  
Other long-term liabilities6,785  5,952  
Total long-term liabilities431,462  400,525  
Total liabilities501,619  494,057  
Commitments and contingencies (Note 10)
Stockholders’ equity:
Common stock, par value $0.0001 per share—900,000 authorized shares; 49,340 shares issued and 48,034 shares outstanding at June 30, 2020; 49,059 shares issued and 47,753 shares outstanding at December 31, 2019  
Additional paid-in capital1,589,895  1,586,972  
Accumulated deficit(1,180,640) (914,791) 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss—  (272) 
Treasury stock, at cost—1,306 shares at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019(28,399) (28,399) 
Total stockholders’ equity380,861  643,515  
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$882,480  $1,137,572  

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
Blucora, Inc. | Q2 2020 Form 10-Q 5


BLUCORA, INC.
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(In thousands, except per share data)

 Three months ended June 30,Six months ended June 30,
 2020201920202019
Revenue:
Wealth management services revenue$115,884  $127,831  $260,873  $217,363  
Tax preparation services revenue45,238  65,909  163,569  202,145  
Total revenue161,122  193,740  424,442  419,508  
Operating expenses:
Cost of revenue:
Wealth management services cost of revenue83,868  87,477  186,210  148,851  
Tax preparation services cost of revenue3,054  3,149  7,067  7,350  
Total cost of revenue86,922  90,626  193,277  156,201  
Engineering and technology7,377  7,159  15,892  13,688  
Sales and marketing40,057  29,256  119,767  84,828  
General and administrative20,200  19,002  44,928  36,079  
Acquisition and integration2,824  9,183  8,506  10,980  
Depreciation1,675  1,315  3,471  2,376  
Amortization of other acquired intangible assets6,673  9,169  14,421  17,213  
Impairment of goodwill—  —  270,625  —  
Total operating expenses165,728  165,710  670,887  321,365  
Operating income (loss)(4,606) 28,030  (246,445) 98,143  
Other loss, net(5,288) (5,118) (11,423) (9,076) 
Income (loss) before income taxes(9,894) 22,912  (257,868) 89,067  
Income tax benefit (expense)59,539  8,124  (7,981) 4,139  
Net income (loss) attributable to Blucora, Inc.$49,645  $31,036  $(265,849) $93,206  
Net income (loss) per share attributable to Blucora, Inc.:
Basic$1.04  $0.64  $(5.55) $1.93  
Diluted$1.03  $0.62  $(5.55) $1.88  
Weighted average shares outstanding:
Basic47,941  48,555  47,884  48,358  
Diluted48,092  49,822  47,884  49,681  
Comprehensive income (loss):
Net income (loss)$49,645  $31,036  $(265,849) $93,206  
Other comprehensive income—  131  272  238  
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Blucora, Inc.$49,645  $31,167  $(265,577) $93,444  













See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
Blucora, Inc. | Q2 2020 Form 10-Q 6


BLUCORA, INC.
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
(In thousands)
Redeemable Noncontrolling InterestsAdditional paid-in capitalAccumulated deficitAccumulated other comprehensive loss
Common stockTreasury stock
SharesAmountSharesAmountTotal
Balance as of December 31, 2019$—  49,059  $ $1,586,972  $(914,791) $(272) (1,306) $(28,399) $643,515  
Common stock issued for stock options and restricted stock units—  89  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  
Stock-based compensation—  —  —  (1,201) —  —  —  —  (1,201) 
Tax payments from shares withheld for equity awards—  —  —  (917) —  —  —  —  (917) 
Cumulative translation adjustment—  —  —  —  —  272  —  —  272  
Net loss—  —  —  —  (315,494) —  —  —  (315,494) 
Balance as of March 31, 2020$—  49,148  $ $1,584,854  $(1,230,285) $—  (1,306) $(28,399) $326,175  
Common stock issued for stock options, restricted stock units, and employee stock purchase plan—  192  —  1,226  —  —  —  —  1,226  
Stock-based compensation—  —  —  3,904  —  —  —  —  3,904  
Tax payments from shares withheld for equity awards—  —  —  (89) —  —  —  —  (89) 
Net income—  —  —  —  49,645  —  —  —  49,645  
Balance as of June 30, 2020$—  49,340  $ $1,589,895  $(1,180,640) $—  (1,306) $(28,399) $380,861  
Redeemable Noncontrolling InterestsCommon stockAdditional paid-in capitalAccumulated deficitAccumulated other comprehensive lossTreasury stock
SharesAmountSharesAmountTotal
Balance as of December 31, 2018$24,945  48,044  $ $1,569,725  $(961,689) $(446) —  $—  $607,595  
Common stock issued for stock options and restricted stock units—  211  —  283  —  —  —  —  283  
Stock-based compensation—  —  —  2,443  —  —  —  —  2,443  
Tax payments from shares withheld for equity awards—  —  —  (2,425) —  —  —  —  (2,425) 
Reclassification of mandatorily redeemable noncontrolling interests(22,428) —  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  
Impact of adoption of new leases accounting standard—  —  —  —  (1,636) —  —  —  (1,636) 
Cumulative translation adjustment—  —  —  —  —  107  —  —  107  
Net income—  —  —  —  62,170  —  —  —  62,170  
Balance as of March 31, 2019$2,517  48,255  $ $1,570,026  $(901,155) $(339) —  $—  $668,537  
Common stock issued for stock options, restricted stock units, and employee stock purchase plan—  524  —  4,181  —  —  —  —  4,181  
Stock-based compensation—  —  —  4,082  —  —  —  —  4,082  
Tax payments from shares withheld for equity awards—  —  —  (2,735) —  —  —  —  (2,735) 
Redemption of noncontrolling interests(2,517) —  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  
Cumulative translation adjustment—  —  —  —  —  131  —  —  131  
Net income—  —  —  —  31,036  —  —  —  31,036  
Balance as of June 30, 2019$—  48,779  $ $1,575,554  $(870,119) $(208) —  $—  $705,232  










See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
Blucora, Inc. | Q2 2020 Form 10-Q 7


BLUCORA, INC.
UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In thousands)
 Six months ended June 30,
 20202019
Operating activities:
Net income (loss)$(265,849) $93,206  
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash from operating activities:
Stock-based compensation2,703  6,525  
Depreciation and amortization of acquired intangible assets19,253  20,185  
Impairment of goodwill270,625  —  
Reduction of right-of-use lease assets3,196  1,977  
Deferred income taxes8,784  4,446  
Amortization of debt issuance costs644  547  
Accretion of debt discounts138  123  
Other1,571  260  
Cash provided (used) by changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable184  (3,217) 
Commissions receivable5,586  847  
Other receivables(2,809) (661) 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets1,435  12,258  
Other long-term assets3,162  (355) 
Accounts payable2,942  (2,995) 
Commissions and advisory fees payable(5,210) (663) 
Lease liabilities(2,572) (2,066) 
Deferred revenue(8,299) (24,760) 
Accrued expenses and other current and long-term liabilities(1,110) (8,845) 
Net cash provided by operating activities34,374  96,812  
Investing activities:
Business acquisition, net of cash acquired—  (164,461) 
Purchases of property and equipment(19,072) (2,938) 
Net cash used by investing activities(19,072) (167,399) 
Financing activities:
Proceeds from credit facilities55,000  121,499  
Payments on credit facilities(65,625) —  
Payment of redeemable noncontrolling interests—  (24,945) 
Proceeds from stock option exercises25  3,320  
Proceeds from issuance of stock through employee stock purchase plan1,201  1,144  
Tax payments from shares withheld for equity awards(1,006) (5,160) 
Contingent consideration payments for business acquisition—  (943) 
Net cash provided (used) by financing activities(10,405) 94,915  
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash—  58  
Net increase in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash4,897  24,386  
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash, beginning of period86,450  85,366  
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash, end of period$91,347  $109,752  
Supplemental cash flow information:
Cash paid for income taxes$1,189  $2,566  
Cash paid for interest$9,702  $6,671  
Non-cash investing activities:
Purchases of property and equipment through leasehold incentives (investing)$9,726  $—  





See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
Blucora, Inc. | Q2 2020 Form 10-Q 8


BLUCORA, INC.
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Note 1: Description of the Business
Blucora, Inc. (the “Company,” “Blucora,” “we,” “our,” or “us”) operates 2 primary businesses: the Wealth Management business and the digital Tax Preparation business.
Wealth Management
The Wealth Management business consists of the operations of Avantax Wealth Management (“Avantax,” the “Wealth Management business,” or the “Wealth Management segment”), which provides tax-focused wealth management solutions for financial professionals, tax preparers, certified public accounting firms, and their clients. Avantax offers its services through its registered broker-dealer, registered investment advisor (“RIA”), and insurance agency subsidiaries and is the largest U.S. tax-focused independent broker-dealer. Avantax works with a nationwide network of financial professionals that operate as independent contractors, and Avantax provides these financial professionals with an integrated platform of technical, practice, and product support tools to assist in making each financial professional a comprehensive financial service center for his or her clients. Avantax formerly operated under the HD Vest and 1st Global brands prior to the rebranding of the Wealth Management business to Avantax Wealth Management in 2019.
On July 1, 2020, we acquired Honkamp Krueger Financial Services, Inc. (“HKFS,” and such acquisition, the “HKFS Acquisition”). HKFS operates as a captive, or employee-based, RIA and wealth management business that partners with CPA firms in order to provide their consumer and small business clients with holistic planning and financial advisory services. As the HKFS Acquisition closed on July 1, 2020, the financial results of HKFS were not included in our condensed consolidated financial statements as of and for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020. For more information, see “Note 14—Subsequent Events.”
Tax Preparation
The Tax Preparation business consists of the operations of TaxAct, Inc. (“TaxAct,” the “Tax Preparation business,” or the “Tax Preparation segment”) and provides digital tax preparation solutions for consumers, small business owners, and tax professionals through its website www.TaxAct.com.
The Tax Preparation segment is highly seasonal, with a significant portion of its annual revenue typically earned in the first four months of the fiscal year. During the third and fourth quarters, the Tax Preparation segment typically reports losses because revenue from the segment is minimal while core operating expenses continue. In March 2020 and as a result of the coronavirus pandemic, the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) extended the filing deadline for federal tax returns from April 15, 2020 to July 15, 2020. This filing extension resulted in the shifting of a significant portion of Tax Preparation segment revenue that is usually earned in the first and second quarters of 2020 to the third quarter of 2020. In addition, sales and marketing expenses were elevated in the first and second quarters of 2020.
Segments
We have 2 reportable segments: (1) the Wealth Management segment and (2) the Tax Preparation segment.

Note 2: Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Interim financial information
The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared by us under the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the SEC”) for interim financial reporting. These condensed consolidated financial statements are unaudited and, in management’s opinion, include all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments and accruals, necessary for a fair presentation of the consolidated financial position, results of operations, and cash flows for the periods presented. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (GAAP”) have been omitted in accordance with the rules and regulations of the SEC. These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited
Blucora, Inc. | Q2 2020 Form 10-Q 9


consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes in Part II, Item 8 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019. Interim results are not necessarily indicative of results for a full year.
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash
The following table presents cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash as reported on the consolidated balance sheets and the consolidated statements of cash flows (in thousands):
June 30, 2020December 31, 2019
Cash and cash equivalents$90,081  $80,820  
Cash segregated under federal or other regulations1,266  5,630  
Total cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash$91,347  $86,450  
We generally invest our available cash in high-quality marketable investments, which primarily consist of investments in money market funds invested in securities issued by agencies of the U.S. government. We may invest, from time-to-time, in other vehicles, such as debt instruments issued by the U.S. federal government and its agencies, international governments, municipalities and publicly held corporations, as well as commercial paper and insured time deposits with commercial banks. Specific holdings can vary from period to period depending upon our cash requirements. Such investments are reported at fair value on the consolidated balance sheets.
Cash segregated under federal and other regulations is held in a separate bank account for the exclusive benefit of our Wealth Management business clients and is considered restricted cash.
Recently adopted accounting pronouncements
Changes to GAAP are established by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) in the form of accounting standards updates (“ASUs”) to the FASB’s Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”). We consider the applicability and impact of all recent ASUs. ASUs not listed below were assessed and determined to be either not applicable or are expected to have minimal impact on our consolidated financial position and results of operations. We have recently adopted the ASUs described below.
Measurement of Credit Losses. In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments—Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments (“ASU 2016-13”), which changes how entities account for credit losses of financial assets measured at amortized cost. ASU 2016-13 requires financial assets measured at amortized cost to be presented on the balance sheet at the net amount expected to be collected.
The allowance for credit losses is a valuation account that is deducted from the amortized cost basis of the financial asset to present the net carrying value at the amount expected to be collected on the financial asset. ASU 2016-13 replaces the previous “incurred loss” model with a “current expected credit loss” model that requires consideration of a broader range of information to estimate expected credit losses over the lifetime of the financial asset. ASU 2016-13 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including the interim periods within those fiscal years. Entities must apply ASU 2016-13 using a modified-retrospective approach by recording a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings as of the beginning of the first reporting period in which ASU 2016-13 is effective.
We adopted ASU 2016-13 effective January 1, 2020. Our financial assets within the scope of ASU 2016-13 primarily consisted of our commissions receivable and accounts receivable. While we have implemented the current expected credit loss model and assessed the impact of this new model on our in-scope financial assets, the adoption of ASU 2016-13 did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements and did not result in a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings as of January 1, 2020.
Goodwill. In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, Intangibles—Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Accounting for Goodwill (“ASU 2017-04”), which simplifies the subsequent measurement of goodwill by eliminating the previously applicable step two from the goodwill impairment test. Under the amended guidance of ASU 2017-04, when required to test goodwill for recoverability, an entity will perform its goodwill impairment test by comparing the fair value of the reporting unit to its carrying value and recognizing an impairment charge for the amount by which the carrying value exceeds the fair value of the reporting unit. ASU 2017-04 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, and entities must apply ASU 2017-04 on a prospective basis.
Blucora, Inc. | Q2 2020 Form 10-Q 10


We adopted ASU 2017-04 effective January 1, 2020 and applied this new guidance to the goodwill impairment test we performed as of March 31, 2020. For more information on this impairment test, see “Note 5—Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets.”

Note 3: 1st Global Acquisition
On May 6, 2019, we closed the acquisition of all of the issued and outstanding common stock of 1st Global, Inc. and 1st Global Insurance Services, Inc. (together, “1st Global”), a tax-focused wealth management company, for a cash purchase price of $180.0 million (the “1st Global Acquisition”). The operations of 1st Global are included in our operating results as part of the Wealth Management segment from the date of the 1st Global Acquisition.
The purchase price was allocated to 1st Global’s tangible assets, identifiable intangible assets, and assumed liabilities based on their estimated fair values at the time of the 1st Global Acquisition. The fair values of assets acquired and liabilities assumed in the 1st Global Acquisition were as follows (in thousands):
Purchase Price Allocation at
December 31, 2019
Purchase Price Allocation Adjustments Since
December 31, 2019
Final Purchase Price Allocation
Assets acquired:
Tangible assets acquired, including cash of $12,389$38,413  $—  $38,413  
Goodwill117,792  (666) 117,126  
Identifiable intangible assets83,980  —  83,980  
Liabilities assumed:
Contingent liability(11,052) —  (11,052) 
Deferred revenues(17,715) —  (17,715) 
Other current liabilities(12,956) 281  (12,675) 
Deferred tax liabilities, net(18,462) 385  (18,077) 
Total assets acquired and liabilities assumed$180,000  $—  $180,000  
During the six months ended June 30, 2020, we adjusted the fair values of goodwill, other current liabilities, and deferred tax liabilities, net, due to the pre-acquisition 1st Global tax returns that were filed in the first quarter of 2020. As one year has elapsed since the 1st Global Acquisition date, the measurement period for the 1st Global Acquisition has ended, and the purchase price allocation is considered final.
As part of the 1st Global Acquisition, we assumed a contingent liability related to a regulatory inquiry and recorded the contingent liability as part of the opening balance sheet. While the inquiry is still on-going, we evaluated a range of possible losses, resulting in a contingent liability reserve balance (including accrued interest) of $11.5 million at June 30, 2020.

Note 4: Segment Information and Revenues
We have 2 reportable segments: (1) the Wealth Management segment and (2) the Tax Preparation segment. Our Chief Executive Officer is the chief operating decision maker and reviews financial information presented on a disaggregated basis. This information is used for purposes of allocating resources and evaluating financial performance.
We do not allocate certain general and administrative costs (including personnel and overhead costs), stock-based compensation, depreciation, amortization of intangible assets, acquisition and integration costs, executive transition costs, headquarters relocation costs, or impairment of goodwill to the reportable segments. Such amounts are reflected in the table below under the heading “Corporate-level activity.” In addition, we do not allocate other loss, net, or income taxes to the reportable segments. We do not report assets or capital expenditures by segment to the chief operating decision maker.
Blucora, Inc. | Q2 2020 Form 10-Q 11


Information on reportable segments currently presented to our chief operating decision maker and a reconciliation to consolidated net income (loss) are presented below (in thousands):
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
2020201920202019
Revenue:
Wealth Management$115,884  $127,831  $260,873  $217,363  
Tax Preparation45,238  65,909  163,569  202,145  
Total revenue161,122  193,740  424,442  419,508  
Operating income (loss):
Wealth Management11,731  16,979  34,329  28,519  
Tax Preparation6,659  41,368  44,412  120,640  
Corporate-level activity(22,996) (30,317) (325,186) (51,016) 
Total operating income (loss)(4,606) 28,030  (246,445) 98,143  
Other loss, net(5,288) (5,118) (11,423) (9,076) 
Income tax benefit (expense)59,539  8,124  (7,981) 4,139  
Net income (loss) attributable to Blucora, Inc.$49,645  $31,036  $(265,849) $93,206  
Revenues by major category within each segment are presented below (in thousands):
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
2020201920202019
Wealth Management:
Advisory$66,303  $61,410  $145,060  $101,167  
Commission39,836  48,068  90,416  85,228  
Asset-based3,981  13,219  14,560  22,912  
Transaction and fee5,764  5,134  10,837  8,056  
Total Wealth Management revenue$115,884  $127,831  $260,873  $217,363  
Tax Preparation:
Consumer$44,421  $62,686  $148,242  $186,628  
Professional817  3,223  15,327  15,517  
Total Tax Preparation revenue$45,238  $65,909  $163,569  $202,145  
Wealth Management revenue recognition
Wealth management revenue primarily consists of advisory revenue, commission revenue, asset-based revenue, and transaction and fee revenue.
The timing of Wealth Management revenue recognition was as follows (in thousands):
Three months ended June 30,
20202019
Recognized Upon TransactionRecognized Over TimeTotalRecognized Upon TransactionRecognized Over TimeTotal
Advisory revenue$—  $66,303  $66,303  $—  $61,410  $61,410  
Commission revenue14,803  25,033  39,836  20,469  27,599  48,068  
Asset-based revenue—  3,981  3,981  —  13,219  13,219  
Transaction and fee revenue1,137  4,627  5,764  800  4,334  5,134  
Total Wealth Management revenue$15,940  $99,944  $115,884  $21,269  $106,562  $127,831  
Blucora, Inc. | Q2 2020 Form 10-Q 12



Six months ended June 30,
20202019
Recognized Upon TransactionRecognized Over TimeTotalRecognized Upon TransactionRecognized Over TimeTotal
Advisory revenue$—  $145,060  $145,060  $—  $101,167  $101,167  
Commission revenue38,184  52,232  90,416  36,153  49,075  85,228  
Asset-based revenue—  14,560  14,560  —  22,912  22,912  
Transaction and fee revenue2,996  7,841  10,837  1,570  6,486  8,056  
Total Wealth Management revenue$41,180  $219,693  $260,873  $37,723  $179,640  $217,363  
Tax Preparation revenue recognition
We generate revenue from the sale of tax preparation digital services, packaged tax preparation software, ancillary services, and multiple element arrangements that may include a combination of these items.
The timing of Tax Preparation revenue recognition was as follows (in thousands):
Three months ended June 30,
20202019
Recognized Upon TransactionRecognized Over TimeTotalRecognized Upon TransactionRecognized Over TimeTotal
Consumer$44,420  $ $44,421  $62,057  $629  $62,686  
Professional187  630  817  2,459  764  3,223  
Total Tax Preparation revenue$44,607  $631  $45,238  $64,516  $1,393  $65,909  

Six months ended June 30,
20202019
Recognized Upon TransactionRecognized Over TimeTotalRecognized Upon TransactionRecognized Over TimeTotal
Consumer$148,241  $ $148,242  $185,072  $1,556  $186,628  
Professional13,181  2,146  15,327  13,301  2,216  15,517  
Total Tax Preparation revenue$161,422  $2,147  $163,569  $198,373  $3,772  $202,145  

Note 5: Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets
The following table presents goodwill by reportable segment (in thousands):
Wealth ManagementTax PreparationTotal
Balance as of December 31, 2019$473,833  $188,542  $662,375  
Purchase accounting adjustment(666) —  (666) 
Impairment(270,625) —  (270,625) 
Balance as of June 30, 2020$202,542  $188,542  $391,084  
Blucora, Inc. | Q2 2020 Form 10-Q 13


Goodwill represents the cost of an acquisition less the fair value of the net identifiable assets of the acquired business. We evaluate goodwill for impairment annually, as of November 30, or more frequently when events or circumstances indicate it is more likely than not that the fair value of one or more of our reporting units is less than its carrying amount. To determine whether it is necessary to perform a goodwill impairment test, we first assess qualitative factors to evaluate whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount. We may elect to perform a goodwill impairment test without completing a qualitative assessment.
Beginning in March 2020, the coronavirus pandemic had a significant negative impact on the U.S. and global economy and caused substantial disruption in the U.S. and global securities markets, and as a result, negatively impacted certain key Wealth Management business drivers, such as client asset levels and interest rates. These macroeconomic and Company-specific factors, in totality, served as a triggering event that resulted in the testing of the goodwill of the Wealth Management reporting unit and the Tax Preparation reporting unit for potential impairment.
As part of the goodwill impairment test, we compared the estimated fair values of the Wealth Management and Tax Preparation reporting units to their respective carrying values. Estimated fair value was calculated using Level 3 inputs and utilized a blended valuation method that factored in the income approach and the market approach as of March 31, 2020. The income approach estimated fair value by using the present value of future discounted cash flows. Significant estimates used in the discounted cash flow model included our forecasted cash flows, our long-term rates of growth, and our weighted average cost of capital. The weighted average cost of capital factors in the relevant risk associated with business-specific characteristics and the uncertainty related to the ability to achieve our projected cash flows. The market approach estimated fair value by taking income-based valuation multiples for a set of comparable companies and applying the valuation multiple to each reporting unit’s income.
For the Wealth Management reporting unit, the carrying value of the reporting unit exceeded its fair value by $270.6 million. Therefore, we recorded an impairment of goodwill of $270.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020. For the Tax Preparation reporting unit, the carrying value of the reporting unit was significantly below its fair value, and therefore, no impairment of goodwill was deemed necessary.
While no goodwill impairment triggering events were identified during the three months ended June 30, 2020, the Wealth Management reporting unit is considered to be at risk for a future impairment of its goodwill in the event of a further decline in general economic, market, or business conditions, or any significant unfavorable changes in our forecasted revenue, expenses, cash flows, weighted average cost of capital, and/or market valuation multiples. We will continue to monitor for events and circumstances that could negatively impact the key assumptions in determining the fair value of the Wealth Management reporting unit.

Note 6: Debt
The Company’s debt consisted of the following as of the periods indicated in the table below (in thousands):
 June 30, 2020December 31, 2019
 Principal
amount
DiscountDebt issuance costsNet 
carrying
value
Principal
amount
DiscountDebt issuance costsNet 
carrying
value
Senior secured credit facility$389,062  $(1,228) $(5,043) $382,791  $399,687  $(1,366) $(5,608) $392,713  
Less: Current portion of long-term debt, net(1,230) (11,228) 
Long-term debt, net$381,561  $381,485  
In May 2017, we entered into a credit agreement (as the same has been amended, the “Credit Agreement”) with a syndicate of lenders that provides for a term loan facility (the “Term Loan”) and a revolving line of credit (including a letter of credit sub-facility) (the “Revolver”) for working capital, capital expenditures, and general business purposes (the “Senior Secured Credit Facility”).
Blucora, Inc. | Q2 2020 Form 10-Q 14


Credit Agreement Amendments No. 1 and No. 2
In November 2017, we amended the Credit Agreement in order to refinance and reprice the initial Term Loan. In May 2019, we amended the Credit Agreement to, among other things, increase the outstanding principal amount of the Term Loan by $125.0 million to finance the 1st Global Acquisition.
Credit Agreement Amendment No. 3
The Senior Secured Credit Facility includes financial and operating covenants, including a Consolidated Total Net Leverage Ratio (as defined in the Credit Agreement) that governs the Revolver. On May 1, 2020, we entered into Amendment No. 3 to the Credit Agreement (“Credit Agreement Amendment No. 3”). This amendment amended the Credit Agreement to, among other things: (i) provide that, during the period commencing on the effective date of Credit Agreement Amendment No. 3 and ending on December 31, 2020 (the “Third Amendment Relief Period”), if an advance under the Revolver is requested, then the Company must be in pro forma compliance with certain covenants, (ii) provide that, for purposes of determining compliance with the Consolidated Total Net Leverage Ratio for the Revolver, during the Third Amendment Relief Period certain limitations to add-backs do not apply when calculating Consolidated EBITDA (as defined in the Credit Agreement), (iii) solely with respect to the Revolver, add restrictions on certain restricted payments during the Third Amendment Relief Period, and (iv) solely with respect to the Revolver, if the Revolver usage is over $0 on the last day of any calendar quarter during the Third Amendment Relief Period, impose a minimum liquidity financial covenant that requires the Company and its Restricted Subsidiaries (as defined in the Credit Agreement) to maintain liquidity of at least $115.0 million on the last day of such quarter. Solely with respect to the Revolver and solely if the Revolver usage exceeds $0 on the last day of any calendar quarter during the Third Amendment Relief Period, Credit Agreement Amendment No. 3 increases the maximum Consolidated Total Net Leverage Ratio to (i) 5.75 to 1.00 for the fiscal quarter ended June 30, 2020 and (ii) 3.75 to 1.00 for the fiscal quarters ending September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2020.
Credit Agreement Amendment No. 4
As of June 30, 2020, the Senior Secured Credit Facility provided for up to $565.0 million of borrowings and consisted of a committed $65.0 million under the Revolver and a $500.0 million Term Loan that mature on May 22, 2022 and May 22, 2024, respectively. Obligations under the Senior Secured Credit Facility are guaranteed by certain of the Company’s subsidiaries and secured by substantially all the assets of the Company and certain of its subsidiaries (including certain subsidiaries acquired in the HKFS Acquisition and certain other material subsidiaries). As of June 30, 2020, we had $389.1 million in principal amount outstanding under the Term Loan and no amounts outstanding under the Revolver. Based on aggregate loan commitments as of June 30, 2020, approximately $65.0 million was available for future borrowing under the Senior Secured Credit Facility.
On July 1, 2020, the Company entered into Amendment No. 4 to the Credit Agreement (“Credit Agreement Amendment No. 4”) in connection with the closing of the HKFS Acquisition (as described in more detail in “Note 14—Subsequent Events”).
Pursuant to Credit Agreement Amendment No. 4, the Credit Agreement was amended to, among other things, (i) increase the Term Loan by an aggregate principal amount of $175.0 million and (ii) increase the applicable margin under the Term Loan to 4.00% for Eurodollar Rate Loans (as defined in the Credit Agreement) and 3.00% for ABR Loans (as defined in the Credit Agreement). Approximately $100.0 million of the proceeds from the increase to the Term Loan were used to fund the purchase price of the HKFS Acquisition, as well as to pay related fees and expenses. We intend to use the remainder of the proceeds from the increase to the Term Loan for additional working capital. As Credit Agreement Amendment No. 4 was entered into on July 1, 2020, the consolidated financial statements as of and for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 did not reflect the increase to the Term Loan.
The Company is required to make mandatory annual prepayments on the Term Loan in certain circumstances, including in the event that the Company generates Excess Cash Flow (as defined in the Credit Agreement) in a given fiscal year. The Credit Agreement permits the Company to voluntarily prepay the Term Loan without premium or penalty, subject to a 1.00% premium for certain prepayments made during the first six months following the effective date of Credit Agreement Amendment No. 4. The Company is required to make principal amortization payments on the Term Loan quarterly on the last business day of each March, June, September and December, beginning on September 30, 2020, in an amount equal to $0.5 million (subject to reduction for prepayments), with the remaining principal amount of the Term Loan due on the maturity date of May 22, 2024.
Blucora, Inc. | Q2 2020 Form 10-Q 15


Depending on the Consolidated First Lien Net Leverage Ratio (as defined in the Credit Agreement), the applicable interest rate margin on the Revolver is from 2.75% to 3.25% for Eurodollar Rate Loans and 1.75% to 2.25% for ABR Loans. Interest is payable at the end of each interest period.
Note 7: Leases
Our leases are primarily related to office space and are classified as operating leases. Operating lease expense, net of sublease income, is recognized in “General and administrative” expense on the condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income (loss). Lease expense, cash paid on operating lease liabilities, and lease liabilities obtained from new right-of-use assets for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 were as follows (in thousands):
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
2020201920202019
Fixed lease expense$2,050  $1,229  $4,086  $2,255  
Variable lease expense286  294  587  642  
Lease expense, before sublease income2,336  1,523  4,673  2,897  
Sublease income(329) (319) (655) (635) 
Total lease expense, net of sublease income$2,007  $1,204  $4,018  $2,262  
Additional lease information:
Cash paid on operating lease liabilities$1,282  $1,156  $2,472  $2,105  
Lease liabilities obtained from new right-of-use assets$—  $6,469  $20,414  $15,829  
As of June 30, 2020, our weighted-average remaining operating lease term was approximately 11.6 years, and our weighted-average operating lease discount rate was 5.5%.
Operating leases were recorded on the condensed consolidated balance sheets as follows (in thousands):
June 30, 2020December 31, 2019
Lease liabilities—current$1,251  $3,223  
Lease liabilities—long-term36,407  5,865  
Total operating lease liabilities$37,658  $9,088  
The maturities of the Company's operating lease liabilities as of June 30, 2020 were as follows (in thousands):
(in thousands)
Undiscounted cash flows:
Remainder of 2020$1,142  
20212,270  
20224,706  
20234,808  
20244,911  
Thereafter$35,337  
Total undiscounted cash flows$53,174  
Imputed interest(15,516) 
Present value of cash flows$37,658  

In 2019, we signed a new corporate headquarters lease, which commenced in January 2020 and, therefore, a right-of-use asset of $20.7 million and a lease liability of $20.4 million was reflected on the condensed consolidated financial statements beginning in January 2020. The new headquarters lease is classified as an operating lease, and the term of the lease extends to June 2033. Lease payments begin in August 2021 and will result in
Blucora, Inc. | Q2 2020 Form 10-Q 16


$45.2 million in undiscounted fixed lease payments, which are partially offset by a $9.7 million tenant improvement allowance. Under the new lease, we will also make variable payments for operating expenses and utilities.

Note 8: Balance Sheet Components
Prepaid expenses and other current assets, net, consisted of the following (in thousands):
June 30, 2020December 31, 2019
Prepaid expenses$7,565  $7,982  
Prepaid regulatory license fees995  1,991  
Prepaid insurance774  1,492  
Prepaid advertising373  322  
Other current assets530  562  
Total prepaid expenses and other current assets, net$10,237  $12,349  
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities consisted of the following (in thousands):
June 30, 2020December 31, 2019
Salaries and related expenses$14,682  $15,053  
Contingent liability from 1st Global Acquisition11,477  11,052  
Retained purchase price from 1st Global Acquisition—  1,050  
Accrued vendor and advertising costs5,931  4,351  
Other3,024  4,638  
Total accrued expenses and other current liabilities$35,114  $36,144  

Note 9: Fair Value Measurements
In accordance with ASC 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures, certain of our assets and liabilities are carried at fair value and are valued using inputs that are classified in one of the following three categories:
Level 1: Quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
Level 2: Observable market-based inputs, other than Level 1, or unobservable inputs that are corroborated by market data.
Level 3: Unobservable inputs that are not corroborated by market data and reflect our own assumptions.
Assets measured on a recurring basis
The fair value hierarchy of our financial assets and liabilities carried at fair value and measured on a recurring basis was as follows (in thousands):
  Fair value measurements at the reporting date using
 June 30, 2020Quoted prices in
active markets
using identical 
assets
(Level 1)
Significant other
observable
inputs
(Level 2)
Significant
unobservable
inputs
(Level 3)
Cash equivalents: money market and other funds$4,289  $4,289  $—  $—  
Total assets at fair value$4,289  $4,289  $—  $—  
Blucora, Inc. | Q2 2020 Form 10-Q 17


  Fair value measurements at the reporting date using
 December 31, 2019Quoted prices in
active markets
using identical 
assets
(Level 1)
Significant other
observable
inputs
(Level 2)
Significant
unobservable
inputs
(Level 3)
Cash equivalents: money market and other funds$4,264  $4,264  $—  $—  
Total assets at fair value$4,264  $4,264  $—  $—  
Cash equivalents are classified within Level 1 of the fair value hierarchy because we value cash equivalents utilizing quoted prices in active markets.
Fair value of financial instruments
We consider the carrying values of accounts receivable, commissions receivable, other receivables, prepaid expenses, other current assets, accounts payable, commissions and advisory fees payable, accrued expenses, and other current liabilities to approximate fair values primarily due to their short-term natures.
As of June 30, 2020, the Term Loan’s principal amount was $389.1 million, and the fair value of the Term Loan’s principal amount was $382.3 million. The fair value of the Term Loan’s principal amount was based on Level 2 inputs from a third-party market quotation. As of December 31, 2019, the Term Loan’s principal amount approximated its fair value as the Term Loan is a variable rate instrument and its applicable margin at that date approximated market conditions.
As of June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Revolver’s principal amount outstanding approximated its fair value as the Revolver is a variable rate instrument and its applicable margin approximated market conditions.

Note 10: Commitments and Contingencies
From time to time, we are subject to various legal proceedings, regulatory matters or fines, or claims that arise in the ordinary course of business. We accrue a liability when management believes that it is both probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount of loss can be reasonably estimated.
Aside from the contingent liability disclosed in “Note 3—1st Global Acquisition,” we are not currently party to any such matters for which we have incurred a material liability on our consolidated balance sheets.

Note 11: Other Loss, Net
“Other loss, net” on the condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income consisted of the following (in thousands):
Three months ended June 30,Six months ended June 30,
2020201920202019
Interest expense$4,840  $4,770  $10,156  $8,546  
Amortization of debt issuance costs331  375  644  547  
Accretion of debt discounts70  85  138  123  
Total interest expense5,241  5,230  10,938  9,216  
Interest income(11) (149) (25) (289) 
Other58  37  510  149  
Other loss, net$5,288  $5,118  $11,423  $9,076  

Note 12: Income Taxes
Three months ended June 30,Six months ended June 30,
 2020201920202019
Income tax benefit (expense)$59,539  $8,124  (7,981) 4,139  
Blucora, Inc. | Q2 2020 Form 10-Q 18


The Company recorded income tax benefit of $59.5 million and income tax expense of $8.0 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively. The Company's effective income tax rate for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 differed from the 21% statutory rate primarily due to expiring net operating loss tax benefits in the current year, an adjustment to the valuation allowance against the deferred tax assets for net operating losses expected to expire in future years of $14.7 million, and non-deductible officer compensation expense. The goodwill impairment charge of $270.6 million did not have an impact on the estimated annual effective income tax rate.
The Company recorded income tax benefits of $8.1 million and $4.1 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, respectively. Income taxes for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 differed from the 21% statutory rate, primarily due to excess tax benefits related to stock-based compensation and the release of valuation allowances, offset by the effect of state income taxes, non-deductible compensation, and acquisition costs. As part of the 1st Global Acquisition, we recorded $78.2 million of intangible assets that resulted in an $11.6 million discrete change in the valuation allowance as intangible assets are not amortizable for tax purposes.

Note 13: Net Income Per Share
“Basic net income (loss) per share” is calculated using the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. “Diluted net income (loss) per share” is calculated using the weighted average number of common shares outstanding plus the number of dilutive potential common shares outstanding during the period. Dilutive potential common shares consist of the incremental common shares issuable upon the exercise of outstanding stock options and the vesting of unvested RSUs. Dilutive potential common shares are excluded from the calculation of diluted net income per share if their effect is antidilutive.
The calculation of basic and diluted net income (loss) per share attributable to Blucora, Inc. is as follows (in thousands):
 Three months ended June 30,Six months ended June 30,
 2020201920202019
Numerator:
Net income (loss) attributable to Blucora, Inc.$49,645  $31,036  $(265,849) $93,206  
Denominator:
Weighted average common shares outstanding—basic47,941  48,555  47,884  48,358  
Dilutive potential common shares151  1,267  —  1,323  
Weighted average common shares outstanding—diluted48,092  49,822  47,884  49,681  
Net income (loss) per share attributable to Blucora, Inc.:
Basic$1.04  $0.64  $(5.55) $1.93  
Diluted$1.03  $0.62  $(5.55) $1.88  
Shares excluded2,349  311  2,722  284  
Shares were excluded from the calculation of diluted net income (loss) per share for these periods because their effect would have been anti-dilutive.
Note 14: Subsequent Events
HKFS Acquisition
As previously announced, on January 6, 2020, we entered into a Stock Purchase Agreement (as amended by the First Amendment to the Stock Purchase Agreement, dated as of April 7, 2020, and the Second Amendment to the Stock Purchase Agreement, dated as of June 30, 2020, the “Purchase Agreement”) with HKFS, the selling stockholders named therein (the “Sellers”), and JRD Seller Representative, LLC, as the Sellers’ representative. Pursuant to the terms and conditions of the Purchase Agreement, we agreed to acquire all of the issued and outstanding common stock of HKFS. The HKFS Acquisition enables us to expand our wealth management market
Blucora, Inc. | Q2 2020 Form 10-Q 19


presence and expand the ways we can work with CPA firms and tax professionals to deliver wealth management services to their clients.
On July 1, 2020, we closed the HKFS Acquisition for an upfront cash purchase price of $100.0 million, which was paid with a portion of the proceeds from the $175.0 million increase in the Term Loan. The purchase price is subject to customary adjustment and two potential post-closing earn-out payments by us as well as a customary indemnity escrow.
The amount of the two potential earn-out payments is determined based on advisory asset levels and the achievement of certain performance goals (i) for the period beginning on July 1, 2020 and ending on July 1, 2021 and (ii) for the period beginning on July 1, 2021 and ending on July 1, 2022. Pursuant to the Purchase Agreement, the maximum aggregate amount that we would be required to pay for each earn-out period is $30.0 million, provided that any unearned amounts during the first earn-out period may also be earned during the second earn-out period. If the asset values on the applicable measurement date fall below certain specified thresholds, we would not be required to make any earn-out payment to the Sellers for such period.
As the HKFS Acquisition closed on July 1, 2020, the financial results of HKFS were not included in our condensed consolidated financial statements as of and for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020. We expect HKFS to be a part of our Wealth Management reporting segment beginning in the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the three months ending September 30, 2020.
We have incurred inception-to-date transaction costs related to the HKFS Acquisition of $6.0 million, of which $1.1 million and $2.8 million were recognized for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively. In addition, we have incurred inception-to-date integration costs of $1.0 million, which were recognized in the first quarter of 2020. These transaction and integration costs were recognized as “acquisition and integration” expense on the consolidated statements of comprehensive income (loss).
As the initial accounting for the HKFS Acquisition is incomplete, we are not yet able to provide certain disclosures, such as amounts recognized as of the acquisition date for each major class of assets acquired and liabilities assumed, acquisition-date fair value of the total consideration transferred, and pro forma revenue and earnings of the combined entity. These disclosures will be provided in the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the three months ending September 30, 2020.
Credit Agreement Amendment No. 4
On July 1, 2020, we entered into Credit Agreement Amendment No. 4, which amended certain terms of the Credit Agreement and increased the aggregate principal amount of the Term Loan by $175.0 million. For additional information, see “Note 6—Debt.”
Blucora, Inc. | Q2 2020 Form 10-Q 20


Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes thereto included under Part I, Item 1 and the section titled “Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” in this Form 10-Q, as well as with our consolidated financial statements, accompanying notes thereto, and “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” included in our Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.
Our Business
Blucora, Inc. (the “Company,” “Blucora,” “we,” “our,” or “us”) is a leading provider of technology-enabled, tax-smart financial solutions to consumers, small business owners, tax professionals, financial professionals, and certified public accounting firms. Blucora helps people manage their financial lives and optimize their taxes through its two primary businesses: (1) the Wealth Management business and (2) the Tax Preparation business. Our common stock is listed on the NASDAQ Global Select Market under the symbol “BCOR.”
Wealth Management
The Wealth Management business consists of the operations of Avantax Wealth Management (“Avantax,” the “Wealth Management business,” or the “Wealth Management segment”), which provides tax-focused wealth management solutions for financial professionals, tax preparers, certified public accounting firms, and their clients. Avantax offers its services through its registered broker-dealer, registered investment advisor (“RIA”), and insurance agency subsidiaries and is the largest U.S. tax-focused independent broker-dealer. Avantax formerly operated under the HD Vest and 1st Global brands prior to the rebranding of the Wealth Management business to Avantax Wealth Management in 2019. As of June 30, 2020, 3,862 financial professionals, who served as independent contractors and had branch offices in all 50 states, utilized our Avantax platform and supported $68.5 billion of total client assets, including $26.6 billion of advisory assets. Avantax provides these financial professionals with an integrated platform of technical, practice, and product support tools to assist in making each financial advisor a comprehensive financial service center for his or her clients.
On July 1, 2020, we acquired Honkamp Krueger Financial Services, Inc. (“HKFS”). HKFS operates as a captive, or employee-based, RIA and wealth management business that partners with CPA firms in order to provide their consumer and small business clients with holistic planning and financial advisory services. As of June 30, 2020, HKFS supported $4.5 billion of client assets. We expect that HKFS will be a part of our Wealth Management reporting segment beginning in the three months ending September 30, 2020. For additional information, see “Business Developments—HKFS Acquisition” below.
Tax Preparation
The Tax Preparation business consists of the operations of TaxAct, Inc. (“TaxAct,” the “Tax Preparation business,” or the “Tax Preparation segment”) and provides digital do-it-yourself (“DDIY”) tax preparation solutions for consumers, small business owners, and tax professionals through its website www.TaxAct.com. TaxAct generates revenue primarily through its digital service at www.TaxAct.com and its mobile applications.
Business Developments
HKFS Acquisition
On January 6, 2020, we entered into a Stock Purchase Agreement (as amended by the First Amendment to the Stock Purchase Agreement, dated as of April 7, 2020, and the Second Amendment to the Stock Purchase Agreement, dated as of June 30, 2020, the “Purchase Agreement”) with HKFS, the selling stockholders named therein (the “Sellers”), and JRD Seller Representative, LLC, as the Sellers’ representative. Pursuant to the terms and conditions of the Purchase Agreement, we agreed to acquire all of the issued and outstanding common stock of HKFS (the “HKFS Acquisition”).
On July 1, 2020, we closed the HKFS Acquisition for an upfront cash purchase price of $100.0 million, which was paid with a portion of the proceeds from the $175.0 million increase in the Term Loan (as defined and discussed in “Liquidity and Capital Resources—Indebtedness”). The purchase price is subject to customary adjustment and two potential post-closing earn-out payments by us as well as a customary indemnity escrow.
The amount of the two potential earn-out payments is determined based on advisory asset levels and the achievement of certain performance goals (i) for the period beginning on July 1, 2020 and ending on July 1, 2021 and (ii) for the period beginning on July 1, 2021 and ending on July 1, 2022. Pursuant to the Purchase Agreement,
Blucora, Inc. | Q2 2020 Form 10-Q 21


the maximum aggregate amount that we would be required to pay for each earn-out period is $30.0 million, provided that any unearned amounts during the first earn-out period may also be earned during the second earn-out period. If the asset values on the applicable measurement date fall below certain specified thresholds, we would not be required to make any earn-out payment to the Sellers for such period.

The complementary nature of the HKFS Acquisition is expected to expand our established leadership in tax-aware investing and enhance our ability to better service clients and enable better outcomes through the following primary drivers:
Increasing our total addressable market by swiftly entering the large, adjacent captive RIA space.
Expanding our product offerings, enabling us to serve an expanded set of CPA firms and tax professionals, expanding the reach of our Tax-Smart Investing software, as well as enabling us to offer end-to-end retirement plan services for small business clients.
Providing multiple avenues for enhancing future growth opportunities by improving asset retention, increasing prospect conversion, and offering turn-key retirement plan services to the full Avantax financial professional and client base, all on top of what is a highly scalable HKFS platform.
As the HKFS Acquisition closed on July 1, 2020, the financial results of HKFS were not included in our condensed consolidated financial statements as of and for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020.

For additional information on the HKFS Acquisition, see “Item 1. Financial Statements—Note 14.”
Coronavirus pandemic
Beginning in March 2020, the coronavirus pandemic had a significant negative impact on the U.S. and global economy and caused substantial disruption in the U.S. and global securities markets, and as a result, negatively impacted both our Wealth Management and Tax Preparation businesses.
In our Wealth Management business, the economic and financial market disruption caused by the coronavirus pandemic has negatively impacted the value of some of our clients’ assets, which has caused a corresponding decline in the amount of revenue that we generated from these client assets in the second quarter of 2020. Further, we have experienced a decline in transaction-based commission revenue from lower trading volumes, as well as significantly reduced cash sweep revenue due to changes in prevailing interest rates. Positive financial market movement in the second quarter of 2020 increased advisory and brokerage asset balances, and we expect these higher client asset balances will benefit advisory fees and trailing commissions for the third quarter of 2020. Overall, revenues in our Wealth Management business will remain susceptible to being adversely affected in future periods in which pandemic-influenced economic and market factors remain present.
In our Tax Preparation segment, our revenue and operating income generation is highly seasonal, with a significant portion of our annual revenue typically earned in the first four months of our fiscal year. During the third and fourth quarters, the Tax Preparation segment typically reports losses because revenue from the segment is minimal while core operating expenses continue. As a result of the coronavirus pandemic, the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) extended the filing and payment deadline for federal tax returns to July 15, 2020. This extension resulted in the shifting of a significant portion of Tax Preparation segment revenue that is typically earned in the first and second quarters of 2020 to the third quarter of 2020. In addition, sales and marketing expenses were elevated in the first and second quarters of 2020 due to incremental investment required in March as a result of weak performance through the first two months of the tax season, as well as increased marketing required due to the extended tax season. We expect elevated sales and marketing expenses in the third quarter of 2020 due to the extended tax season. As a result of these factors, our results of operations for our Tax Preparation segment were negatively impacted in the first and second quarters of 2020 compared to the corresponding periods in prior years.
For additional information on the effects of the coronavirus pandemic on our results of operations, see “Results of Operations” below. For more information on the risks related to the coronavirus pandemic, see Part II, Item 1A under the heading, “Pandemics, including the recent coronavirus pandemic, could have a Material Adverse Effect.”
1st Global Acquisition
On May 6, 2019, we closed the acquisition of all of the issued and outstanding common stock of 1st Global, Inc. and 1st Global Insurance Services, Inc. (together, “1st Global”), a tax-focused wealth management company,
Blucora, Inc. | Q2 2020 Form 10-Q 22


for a cash purchase price of $180.0 million (the “1st Global Acquisition”). The 1st Global Acquisition was strategically important as it expanded our presence as the leading U.S. tax-focused independent broker-dealer while also providing the scale to compete more broadly in the wealth management market. The operations of 1st Global are included in our operating results as part of the Wealth Management segment from the date of the 1st Global Acquisition. For additional information, see, “Item 1. Financial Statements—Note 3.”


Blucora, Inc. | Q2 2020 Form 10-Q 23


RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Summary
(In thousands, except percentages)Three months endedQTDSix months endedYTD
June 30,ChangeJune 30,Change
 20202019$%20202019$%
Revenue:
Wealth Management$115,884  $127,831  $(11,947) (9)%$260,873  $217,363  $43,510  20 %
Tax Preparation45,238  65,909  (20,671) (31)%163,569  202,145  (38,576) (19)%
Total revenue$161,122  $193,740  $(32,618) (17)%$424,442  $419,508  $4,934  %
Operating income:
Wealth Management$11,731  $16,979  $(5,248) (31)%$34,329  $28,519  $5,810  20 %
Tax Preparation6,659  41,368  (34,709) (84)%44,412  120,640  (76,228) (63)%
Corporate-level activity(22,996) (30,317) 7,321  (24)%(325,186) (51,016) (274,170) 537 %
Operating income (loss)(4,606) 28,030  (32,636) (116)%(246,445) 98,143  (344,588) (351)%
Other loss, net(5,288) (5,118) (170) %(11,423) (9,076) (2,347) 26 %
Income (loss) before income taxes(9,894) 22,912  (32,806) (143)%(257,868) 89,067  (346,935) (390)%
Income tax benefit (expense)59,539  8,124  51,415  633 %(7,981) 4,139  (12,120) (293)%
Net income (loss) attributable to Blucora, Inc.$49,645  $31,036  $18,609  60 %$(265,849) $93,206  $(359,055) (385)%
For the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to the three months ended June 30, 2019, net income increased $18.6 million primarily due to the following factors:
Tax Preparation segment operating income decreased $34.7 million primarily due to a $18.3 million decrease in consumer revenue and a $14.0 million increase in operating expenses driven by an $11.3 million increase in sales and marketing expenses. The decline in consumer revenue primarily resulted from the extension of the federal tax return filing deadline to July 15, 2020.
Wealth Management segment operating income decreased $5.2 million primarily due to an $11.9 million decrease in revenue, partially offset by a $6.7 million decrease in operating expenses. Wealth management results were negatively affected mainly due to lower cash sweep revenue and lower commission revenue.
Corporate-level expenses decreased $7.3 million primarily due to a $6.4 million decrease in acquisition and integration costs and a $2.5 million decrease in amortization of acquired intangible assets.
The Company recorded an income tax benefit of $59.5 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to an income tax benefit of $8.1 million for the three months ended June 30, 2019.
For the six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2019, net income decreased $359.1 million primarily due to the following factors:
Tax Preparation segment operating income decreased $76.2 million primarily due to a $38.4 million decrease in consumer revenue. The decline in consumer revenue resulted from a decrease in consumer e-file activity that was primarily due to the extension of the federal tax return filing deadline to July 15, 2020. In addition, operating expenses increased $37.7 million primarily due to increased marketing spend that mainly resulted from the extension of the tax season.
Wealth Management segment operating income increased $5.8 million primarily due to an increase in advisory and commission revenue as a result of the 1st Global Acquisition, partially offset by lower cash sweep revenue.
Corporate-level expenses increased $274.2 million primarily due to a goodwill impairment of $270.6 million related to our Wealth Management reporting unit and the recognition of $9.8 million in executive transition costs for the six months ended June 30, 2020. The increase in corporate-level expenses was partially offset by a $3.8 million decrease in stock-based compensation expense and a $2.5 million decrease in acquisition and integration costs.
The Company recorded income tax expense of $8.0 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to an income tax benefit of $4.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2019.
Blucora, Inc. | Q2 2020 Form 10-Q 24


SEGMENT REVENUE & OPERATING INCOME
The revenue and operating income amounts in this section are presented on a basis consistent with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) and include certain reconciling items attributable to our segments. We have two reportable segments: (1) the Wealth Management segment and (2) the Tax Preparation segment. Segment information is presented on a basis consistent with our current internal management financial reporting. We do not allocate certain general and administrative costs (including personnel and overhead costs), stock-based compensation, depreciation, amortization of intangible assets, acquisition and integration costs, executive transition costs, headquarters relocation costs, or impairment of goodwill to the reportable segments. Such amounts are reflected under the heading “Corporate-level activity.” In addition, we do not allocate other loss, net, or income taxes to the reportable segments.
Wealth Management
(In thousands, except percentages)Three months endedQTDSix months endedYTD
June 30,ChangeJune 30,Change
 20202019$%20202019$%
Revenue$115,884  $127,831  $(11,947) (9)%$260,873  $217,363  $43,510  20 %
Operating income$11,731  $16,979  $(5,248) (31)%$34,329  $28,519  $5,810  20 %
Segment margin10 %13 %13 %13 %
For the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to the three months ended June 30, 2019, Wealth Management operating income decreased $5.2 million due to an $11.9 million decrease in revenue partially offset by a $6.7 million decrease in operating expenses.
Wealth Management revenue decreased $11.9 million primarily due to a $9.2 million decrease in asset-based revenue that mainly resulted from lower cash sweep revenue, as well as an $8.2 million decrease in commission revenue. These decreases were partially offset by a $4.9 million increase in advisory revenue primarily due to an increase in advisory assets obtained in the 1st Global Acquisition.
Wealth Management operating expenses decreased $6.7 million primarily due to a $3.6 million decrease in cost of revenue as a result of decreased commissions and advisory fees paid to our financial professionals, in addition to decreased expenses across our support functions.
For the six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2019, Wealth Management operating income increased $5.8 million due to a $43.5 million increase in revenue partially offset by a $37.7 million increase in operating expenses.
Wealth Management revenue increased $43.5 million primarily due to a $43.9 million increase in advisory revenue and a $5.2 million increase in commission revenue as a result of the 1st Global Acquisition. These increases were partially offset by an $8.4 million decrease in asset-based revenue that primarily resulted from lower cash sweep revenue.
Wealth Management operating expenses increased $37.7 million primarily due to a $37.4 million increase in cost of revenue as a result of the 1st Global Acquisition.
Blucora, Inc. | Q2 2020 Form 10-Q 25


Sources of revenue
Wealth Management revenue is derived from multiple sources. We track sources of revenue, primary drivers of each revenue source, and recurring revenue. In addition, we focus on several business and key financial metrics in evaluating the success of our business relationships, our resulting financial position, and operating performance.
A summary of our sources of revenue and business metrics is as follows:
Three months endedQTDSix months endedYTD
(In thousands, except percentages)June 30,ChangeJune 30,Change
Sources of RevenuePrimary Drivers20202019$20202019$
Financial professional-driven (1)Advisory- Advisory asset levels$66,303  $61,410  $4,893  $145,060  $101,167  $43,893  
Commission- Transactions
- Asset levels
- Product mix
39,836  48,068  (8,232) 90,416  85,228  5,188  
Other revenueAsset-based- Cash balances
- Interest rates
- Number of accounts
- Client asset levels
3,981  13,219  (9,238) 14,560  22,912  (8,352) 
Transaction and fee- Account activity
- Number of financial
professionals
- Number of clients
- Number of accounts
5,764  5,134  630  10,837  8,056  2,781  
Total revenue$115,884  $127,831  $(11,947) $260,873  $217,363  $43,510  
Total recurring revenue$100,004  $106,557  $(6,553) $219,259  $179,798  $39,461  
Recurring revenue rate86.3 %83.4 %84.0 %82.7 %
____________________________
(1)Our “financial professionals” were formerly referred to as “advisors.”
Recurring revenue consists of advisory fees, trailing commissions, fees from cash sweep programs, and certain transaction and fee revenue, all as described further under the headings “Advisory revenue,” “Commission revenue,” “Asset-based revenue,” and “Transaction and fee revenue,” respectively. Certain recurring revenues are associated with asset balances and fluctuate depending on market values and current interest rates. Accordingly, our recurring revenue can be negatively impacted by adverse external market conditions. However, we believe recurring revenue is meaningful despite these fluctuations because it is not dependent upon transaction volumes or other activity-based revenues, which are more difficult to predict, particularly in declining or volatile markets.

Business metrics
(In thousands, except percentages and as otherwise indicated)June 30,Change
20202019Amount%
Total client assets$68,519,998  $67,602,006  $917,992  %
Brokerage assets$41,964,610  $41,335,972  $628,638  %
Advisory assets$26,555,388  $26,266,034  $289,354  %
Advisory assets as a percentage of total client assets38.8 %38.9 %
Number of financial professionals (in ones) (1)3,862  4,225  (363) (9)%
Advisory and commission revenue per financial professional (1) (2)$27.5  $25.9  $1.6  %
____________________________
(1)Our “financial professionals” were formerly referred to as “advisors.”
(2)Calculation based on advisory and commission revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively.
Client assets. Total client assets include assets that we hold directly or indirectly on behalf of clients under a safekeeping or custody arrangement or for which we provide administrative services for clients. To the extent that we provide more than one service for a client’s assets, the value of the asset is only counted once in the total amount of total client assets. Total client assets include advisory assets, non-advisory brokerage accounts,
Blucora, Inc. | Q2 2020 Form 10-Q 26


annuities, and mutual fund positions held directly with fund companies. These assets are not reported on the consolidated balance sheets.
Advisory assets include client assets for which we provide investment advisory and management services as a fiduciary under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940. Our compensation for providing such services is typically a fee based on the value of the advisory assets for each advisory client. These assets are not reported on the consolidated balance sheets.
Brokerage assets represent the difference between total client assets and advisory assets.
Total client assets increased $0.9 billion at June 30, 2020 compared to June 30, 2019 primarily due to favorable client reinvestment levels, partially offset by net client outflows.
At this time, we cannot predict with certainty the extent of the impact of the coronavirus pandemic and future financial market fluctuations on our future total client and advisory assets. However, as long the coronavirus continues to create volatility in the U.S. and global economy and uncertainty in financial markets, we may experience future declines in the amount of our total client assets. For more information on the risks associated with our Wealth Management business, see Part II, Item 1A under the heading, “Pandemics, including the recent coronavirus pandemic, could have a Material Adverse Effect.”
Financial professionals. In addition, the number of our financial professionals decreased by 9% at June 30, 2020 compared to June 30, 2019, with the decrease primarily due to expected attrition following the integration of HD Vest and 1st Global, as well as the impact of financial professionals leaving the wealth management business.
Advisory revenue. Advisory revenue primarily includes fees charged to clients in advisory accounts in which Avantax is the RIA and is based on the value of advisory assets. Advisory fees are typically billed to clients quarterly, in advance, and are recognized as revenue ratably during the quarter. The value of the assets in an advisory account on the billing date determines the amount billed and, accordingly, the revenues earned in the following three-month period. The majority of our accounts are billed in advance using values as of the last business day of the prior calendar quarter.
Increases or decreases in advisory assets have a limited impact on advisory fee revenue in the period in which they occur. Rather, increases or decreases in advisory assets are a primary driver of future advisory fee revenue due to advisory fees being billed in advance. Advisory revenue for a particular quarter is predominately driven by the prior quarter-end advisory assets.
The activity within our advisory assets was as follows:
(In thousands)Three months ended June 30,Six months ended June 30,
 2020201920202019
Balance, beginning of the period$23,618,964  $13,988,189  $27,629,164  $12,555,405  
Net increase (decrease) in new advisory assets(284,024) 308,220  105,976  577,372  
Inflows from acquisitions—  11,397,301  —  11,397,301  
Market impact and other3,220,448  572,324  (1,179,752) 1,735,956  
Balance, end of the period$26,555,388  $26,266,034  $26,555,388  $26,266,034  
Advisory revenue$66,303  $61,410  $145,060  $101,167  
Average advisory fee rate28 bps28 bps57 bps60 bps
For the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to the three months ended June 30, 2019, advisory revenue increased $4.9 million. For the six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2019, advisory revenue increased $43.9 million. The increases in advisory revenues for the quarterly and year-to-date comparative periods were primarily due to an increase in advisory assets obtained in the 1st Global Acquisition.
Blucora, Inc. | Q2 2020 Form 10-Q 27


For the six months ended June 30, 2020, advisory asset levels decreased $4.0 billion during the first quarter of 2020 and then rebounded by $2.9 billion during the second quarter of 2020, with these asset level movements corresponding to the volatility in the broader financial markets. While the decrease in advisory assets during the first quarter of 2020 had a minimal effect on advisory revenue for the first quarter of 2020, advisory revenue recognized for the second quarter of 2020 was negatively affected because such revenue was primarily based on the value of client assets within advisory accounts as of March 31, 2020. Our advisory revenue in future quarters will continue to be a function of ending advisory asset levels for the previous quarter.
Commission revenue. The Wealth Management segment generates two types of commissions: (1) transaction-based commissions and (2) trailing commissions. Transaction-based commissions, which occur when clients trade securities or purchase investment products, represent gross commissions generated by our financial professionals. The level of transaction-based commissions can vary from period-to-period based on the overall economic environment, number of trading days in the reporting period, market volatility, interest rate fluctuations, and investment activity of our financial professionals’ clients. We earn trailing commissions (a commission or fee that is paid periodically over time) on certain mutual funds and variable annuities held by clients. Trailing commissions are recurring in nature and are based on the market value of investment holdings in trail-eligible assets. Our commission revenue, by product category and by type of commission revenue, was as follows:
(in thousands, except percentages)Three months endedQTDSix months endedYTD
June 30,ChangeJune 30,Change
 20202019$%20202019$%
By product category:
Mutual funds$19,312  $23,437  $(4,125) (18)%$45,212  $42,678  $2,534  %
Variable annuities14,604  15,145  (541) (4)%28,354  26,503  1,851  %
Insurance2,831  4,299  (1,468) (34)%8,064  8,029  35  — %
General securities3,089  5,187  (2,098) (40)%8,786  8,018  768  10 %
Total commission revenue$39,836  $48,068  $(8,232) (17)%$90,416  $85,228  $5,188  %
By type of commission:
Transaction-based$14,803  $20,469  $(5,666) (28)%$38,184  $36,153  $2,031  %
Trailing25,033  27,599  (2,566) (9)%52,232  49,075  3,157  %
Total commission revenue$39,836  $48,068  $(8,232) (17)%$90,416  $85,228  $5,188  %
For the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to the three months ended June 30, 2019, transaction-based commission revenue decreased $5.7 million and trailing commission revenue decreased $2.6 million, primarily due to decreased trade volumes and suppressed client asset levels as a result of the financial market disruption and the coronavirus pandemic.
For the six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2019, transaction-based commission revenue increased $2.0 million and trailing commission revenue increased $3.2 million, primarily due to incremental commission revenue from 1st Global, partially offset by decreased trade volumes and suppressed client asset levels as a result of the financial market disruption and the coronavirus pandemic.
We expect that the positive financial market movement in the second quarter of 2020 will aid in increasing trail-eligible brokerage asset balances and positively impact trailing commissions for the third quarter of 2020, although prior downward financial market movements can have a lagging effect on certain trailing commissions generated in future periods. In addition, trailing commission revenue and transaction-based commission revenue remain susceptible to being adversely affected in future periods in which pandemic-influenced economic and market factors remain present.
Asset-based revenue. Asset-based revenue primarily includes fees from financial product manufacturer sponsorship programs, cash sweep programs and other asset-based revenues.
For the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to the three months ended June 30, 2019, asset-based revenue decreased $9.2 million primarily due to a $7.7 million decrease in cash sweep revenue as a result of lower interest rates. In addition, revenue generated from fees from financial product manufacturer sponsorship programs decreased by $1.2 million.
Blucora, Inc. | Q2 2020 Form 10-Q 28


For the six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2019, asset-based revenue decreased $8.4 million primarily due to a $6.5 million decrease in cash sweep revenue as a result of lower interest rates. In addition, revenue generated from fees from financial product manufacturer sponsorship program decreased by $1.4 million.
In March 2020, the Federal Reserve lowered its target range for the federal funds rate to 0.00-0.25%. As our cash sweep revenue is based on a rate derived from the federal funds rate, we expect lower cash sweep revenue in future periods in which the federal funds rate is at reduced levels. In addition, due to the coronavirus pandemic, we expect to generate less fee revenue from financial product manufacturer sponsorship programs due to our decreased ability to host events in which our financial professionals can meet with product sponsors to learn about their investment products.
Transaction and fee revenue. Transaction and fee revenue primarily includes support fees charged to financial professionals, fees charged for executing certain transactions in client accounts, and other fees related to services provided and other account charges as generally outlined in agreements with financial professionals, clients, and financial institutions.
For the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to the three months ended June 30, 2019, transaction and fee revenues increased $0.6 million. For the six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2019, transaction and fee revenues increased $2.8 million. These increases were primarily due to an increase in client fees and financial professional fees as a result of the 1st Global Acquisition.
Tax Preparation
(In thousands, except percentages)Three months endedQTDSix months endedYTD
June 30,ChangeJune 30,Change
 20202019$%20202019$%
Revenue$45,238  $65,909  $(20,671) (31)%$163,569  $202,145  $(38,576) (19)%
Operating income$6,659  $41,368  $(34,709) (84)%$44,412  $120,640  $(76,228) (63)%
Segment margin15 %63 %27 %60 %
For the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to the three months ended June 30, 2019, Tax Preparation operating income decreased $34.7 million due to the following factors:
Tax Preparation revenue decreased $20.7 million primarily due to an $18.3 million decrease in consumer revenue as a result of the extension of the filing date for federal tax returns to July 15, 2020. This filing extension resulted in the shifting of a significant portion of Tax Preparation segment revenue that is usually earned in the first and second quarters of 2020 to the third quarter of 2020.
Tax Preparation operating expenses increased $14.0 million primarily due to increased marketing spend that mainly resulted from the extension of the tax season.
For the six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2019, Tax Preparation operating income decreased $76.2 million due to the following factors:
Tax Preparation revenue decreased $38.6 million primarily due to a $38.4 million decrease in consumer revenue due to the extension of the federal tax filing deadline.
Tax Preparation operating expenses increased $37.7 million primarily due to increased marketing spend as a result of incremental investment required in March due to weak performance through the first two months of the tax season, as well as increased marketing required due to the extended tax season.
Sources of revenue
Tax Preparation revenue is derived primarily from the sale of tax preparation digital services, ancillary services, packaged tax preparation software, and arrangements that may include a combination of these items. Ancillary services primarily include refund payment transfer and audit defense.
We classify Tax Preparation revenue into two different categories: consumer revenue and professional revenue. Consumer revenue represents Tax Preparation revenue derived from products sold to customers and businesses primarily for the preparation of individual or business tax returns. Professional revenue represents Tax
Blucora, Inc. | Q2 2020 Form 10-Q 29


Preparation revenue derived from products sold to tax return preparers who utilize our offerings to service end-user customers.
Revenue by category was as follows:
(In thousands, except percentages)Three months endedQTDSix months endedYTD
June 30,ChangeJune 30,Change
 20202019$%20202019$%
Consumer$44,421  $62,686  $(18,265) (29)%$148,242  $186,628  $(38,386) (21)%
Professional817  3,223  (2,406) (75)%15,327  15,517  (190) (1)%
Total revenue$45,238  $65,909  $(20,671) (31)%$163,569  $202,145  $(38,576) (19)%
We measure the performance of our Tax Preparation business using three sets of non-financial metrics, which we consider to be important indicators of the performance of our Tax Preparation business and are especially relevant through the end of a completed tax season. These non-financial metrics include key performance indicators for our total Tax Preparation business, in addition to the consumer and professional tax preparation portions of the Tax Preparation business:
We measure our total tax preparation customers using the total number of accepted federal tax e-files completed by both our consumer tax preparation customers and our professional tax preparer customers.
We measure our consumer tax preparation customers using the number of accepted federal tax e-files made through our software and digital services.
We measure our professional tax preparer customers using three metrics: (1) the number of accepted federal tax e-files made through our software, (2) the number of units sold, and (3) the number of e-files per unit sold.
Total, consumer, and professional tax preparation metrics were as follows:
(In thousands, except percentages and as otherwise indicated)Six months endedYear-to-date period ended
June 30,ChangeJuly 16,Change
20202019Units%2020 (1)2019 (1)Units%
Total e-files (2)4,595  5,095  (500) (10)%5,149  5,108  41  %
Consumer:
Consumer e-files (2)2,734  3,179  (445) (14)%3,113  3,184  (71) (2)%
Professional:
Professional e-files1,861  1,916  (55) (3)%2,036  1,924  112  %
Units sold (in ones)20,087  20,583  (496) (2)%20,207  20,596  (389) (2)%
Professional e-files per unit sold (in ones)92.6  93.1  (0.5) (1)%100.8  93.4  7.4  %
____________________________
(1)Tax season begins on the first day that the IRS begins accepting e-files and ends on filing deadline day plus one day. As a result of the coronavirus pandemic, the IRS extended the filing deadline for federal tax returns relating to the 2019 tax year to July 15, 2020. In order to provide comparable prior period data, we also provided e-file information for the equivalent period in 2019.
(2)We participate in the Free File Alliance that is part of an IRS partnership that provides free electronic tax filing services to taxpayers meeting certain income-based guidelines. Free File Alliance e-files are included within total e-files and consumer e-files above.
For the six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2019, total e-files, consumer e-files, and professional e-files decreased primarily due to the extension of the filing date for federal tax returns to July 15, 2020.
For the year-to-date period ended July 16, 2020 compared to the year-to-date period ended July 16, 2019, total e-files increased primarily due to a 6% increase in professional e-files, partially offset by a 2% decrease in consumer e-files.
Blucora, Inc. | Q2 2020 Form 10-Q 30



Corporate-Level Activity
Certain corporate-level activity, including certain general and administrative costs (such as personnel and overhead costs), stock-based compensation, acquisition and integration costs, executive transition costs, headquarters relocation costs, depreciation, amortization of acquired intangible assets, and impairment of goodwill, is not allocated to our segments.
Corporate level activity by category was as follows:

Three months endedQTDSix months endedYTD
(In thousands)June 30,ChangeJune 30,Change
 20202019$%20202019$%
General and administrative expenses$5,810  $6,221  $(411) (7)%$12,826  $13,326  $(500) (4)%
Stock-based compensation3,904  4,082  (178) (4)%2,703  6,525  (3,822) (59)%
Acquisition and integration costs2,824  9,183  (6,359) (69)%8,506  10,980  (2,474) (23)%
Executive transition costs636  —  636  N/A9,820  —  9,820  N/A
Headquarters relocation costs737  —  737  N/A1,453  —  1,453  N/A
Depreciation2,412  1,662  750  45 %4,832  2,972  1,860  63 %
Amortization of acquired intangible assets6,673  9,169  (2,496) (27)%14,421  17,213  (2,792) (16)%
Impairment of goodwill—  —  —  N/A270,625  —  270,625  N/A
Total corporate-level activity$22,996  $30,317  $(7,321) (24)%$325,186  $51,016  $274,170  537 %
For the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to the three months ended June 30, 2019, corporate level expenses decreased $7.3 million primarily due to the following factors:
Acquisition and integration costs decreased $6.4 million due to reduced costs recognized for the HKFS Acquisition and the continued integration of 1st Global during the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to the costs recognized for the 1st Global Acquisition during the three months ended June 30, 2019.
Amortization of acquired intangible assets decreased $2.5 million primarily due to TaxAct customer relationship intangible assets that completed their useful lives and ceased amortizing in early 2020, partially offset by an increase in amortization due to intangibles acquired in the 1st Global Acquisition.
For the six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2019, corporate level expenses increased $274.2 million primarily due to the following factors:
For the six months ended June 30, 2020, we recognized goodwill impairment of $270.6 million related to our Wealth Management reporting unit. For additional information, see “Item 1. Financial Statements—Note 5.”
Executive transition costs of $9.8 million were recognized for the six months ended June 30, 2020 due to the departure of certain Company executives.
Partially offsetting this increase:
Stock-based compensation decreased $3.8 million due to stock award forfeitures resulting from executive departures in the first quarter of 2020.
Amortization of acquired intangibles decreased $2.8 million due to TaxAct customer relationship intangible assets that completed their useful lives and ceased amortizing in early 2020, partially offset by an increase in amortization due to intangibles acquired in the 1st Global Acquisition.
Acquisition and integration costs decreased $2.5 million due to reduced costs recognized for the HKFS Acquisition and the continued integration of 1st Global during the six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to the costs recognized for the 1st Global Acquisition during the six months ended June 30, 2019.

Blucora, Inc. | Q2 2020 Form 10-Q 31


OPERATING EXPENSES
Cost of Revenue
(In thousands, except percentages)Three months endedQTDSix months endedYTD
June 30,ChangeJune 30,Change
 20202019$%20202019$%
Wealth Management services cost of revenue$83,868  $87,477  $(3,609) (4)%$186,210  $148,851  $37,359  25 %
Tax Preparation services cost of revenue3,054  3,149  (95) (3)%7,067  7,350  (283) (4)%
Total cost of revenue$86,922  $90,626  $(3,704) (4)%$193,277  $156,201  $37,076  24 %
Percentage of revenue54 %47 %46 %37 %
Cost of revenue consists of costs related to our Wealth Management and Tax Preparation businesses, which include commissions and advisory fees paid to financial professionals, third-party costs, and costs associated with the technical support team and the operation of our data centers. Data center costs include personnel expenses, the cost of temporary help and contractors, professional services fees, software support and maintenance, bandwidth and hosting costs, and depreciation (including depreciation related to TaxAct software development costs).
For the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to the three months ended June 30, 2019, cost of revenue decreased $3.7 million primarily due to a decrease in commissions paid to our financial professionals. The reduced commissions paid to our financial professionals and recognized as cost of revenue are a function of lower transactions and suppressed client asset balances and represent a portion of the commissions and advisory fees we recognize as revenue. We expect cost of revenue for the third quarter 2020 and future periods to align with our expectations of advisory and commission revenue.
For the six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2019, cost of revenue increased $37.1 million primarily due to the 1st Global Acquisition.
In future periods, we expect increased Tax Preparation cost of revenue due to increased depreciation related to additional capitalized software costs for TaxAct.
Engineering and Technology
(In thousands, except percentages)Three months endedQTDSix months endedYTD
June 30,ChangeJune 30,Change
 20202019$%20202019$%
Engineering and technology$7,377  $7,159  $218  %$15,892  $13,688  $2,204  16 %
Percentage of revenue%%%%
Engineering and technology expenses are associated with the research, development, support, and ongoing enhancements of our offerings, which include personnel expenses, the cost of temporary help and contractors, software support and maintenance, bandwidth and hosting, and professional services fees. Engineering and technology expenses do not include the costs of computer hardware and software that are capitalized, depreciated over their useful lives, and recognized on the condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income as either “cost of revenue” or “depreciation.” For more information, see the “Cost of Revenue” and “Depreciation and Amortization of Acquired Intangible Assets” sections contained within this discussion of “Operating Expenses.”
For the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to the three months ended June 30, 2019, engineering and technology expenses were relatively consistent.
For the six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2019, engineering and technology expenses increased $2.2 million, primarily due to increased headcount and consulting fees in our Tax Preparation business.
Blucora, Inc. | Q2 2020 Form 10-Q 32


Sales and Marketing
(In thousands, except percentages)Three months endedQTDSix months endedYTD
June 30,ChangeJune 30,Change
 20202019$%20202019$%
Sales and marketing$40,057  $29,256  $10,801  37 %$119,767  $84,828  $34,939  41 %
Percentage of revenue25 %15 %28 %20 %
Sales and marketing expenses primarily consist of marketing expenses associated with our Tax Preparation business (including expenses related to marketing agencies and media companies) and our Wealth Management business, personnel expenses, the cost of temporary help and contractors, and back office processing support expenses for our Wealth Management business.
For the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to the three months ended June 30, 2019, sales and marketing expenses increased $10.8 million. For the six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2019, sales and marketing expenses increased $34.9 million. These increases were primarily due to increased advertising costs in our Tax Preparation business during the tax season.
In addition, we expect elevated sales and marketing costs in our Tax Preparation business in the third quarter of 2020 due to the extended tax season.
General and Administrative
(In thousands, except percentages)Three months endedQTDSix months endedYTD
June 30,ChangeJune 30,Change
 20202019$%20202019$%
General and administrative$20,200  $19,002  $1,198  %44,928  36,079  $8,849  25 %
Percentage of revenue13 %10 %11 %%
General and administrative (“G&A”) expenses primarily consist of personnel expenses, the cost of temporary help and contractors, professional services fees, general business development and management expenses, occupancy and general office expenses, business taxes, and insurance expenses.
For the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to the three months ended June 30, 2019, G&A expenses increased $1.2 million primarily due to $0.7 million of headquarters relocation costs and $0.6 million of executive transition costs that were recognized in the second quarter of 2020. The headquarters relocation costs relate to the process of moving from our Dallas and Irving offices to our new headquarters, and the executive transition costs were due to the departure of certain Company executives.
For the six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2019, G&A expenses increased $8.8 million primarily due to $9.8 million of executive transition costs and $1.5 million of headquarters relocation costs that were recognized for the six months ended June 30, 2020, partially offset by reduced stock-based compensation expense due to stock award forfeitures resulting from executive departures in 2020.
We have not experienced any material increases in G&A expenses due to the coronavirus pandemic for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020.
Acquisition and Integration
(In thousands, except percentages)Three months endedQTDSix months endedYTD
June 30,ChangeJune 30,Change
 20202019$%20202019$%
Employee-related expenses$232  $2,613  $(2,381) (91)%$1,062  $2,830  $(1,768) (62)%
Professional services2,356  5,978  (3,622) (61)%6,542  7,558  (1,016) (13)%
Other expenses236  592  (356) (60)%902  592  310  52 %
Total$2,824  $9,183  $(6,359) (69)%$8,506  $10,980  $(2,474) (23)%
Percentage of revenue%%%%
Acquisition and integration expenses primarily relate to the 1st Global Acquisition and HKFS Acquisition and consist of employee-related expenses, professional services fees, and other expenses.
Blucora, Inc. | Q2 2020 Form 10-Q 33


For the three months ended June 30, 2020, acquisition and integration expenses included $1.7 million related to the 1st Global Acquisition and $1.1 million related to the HKFS acquisition. For the three months ended June 30, 2019, acquisition and integration expenses resulted from the 1st Global Acquisition.
For the six months ended June 30, 2020, acquisition and integration expenses included $4.7 million related to the 1st Global Acquisition and $3.8 million related to the HKFS Acquisition. For the six months ended June 30, 2019, acquisition and integration expenses resulted from the 1st Global Acquisition.
Depreciation and Amortization of Acquired Intangible Assets
(In thousands, except percentages)Three months endedQTDSix months endedYTD
June 30,ChangeJune 30,Change
 20202019$%20202019$%
Depreciation$1,675  $1,315  $360  27 %$3,471  $2,376  $1,095  46 %
Amortization of acquired intangible assets6,673  9,169  (2,496) (27)%14,421  17,213  (2,792) (16)%
Total$8,348  $10,484  $(2,136) (20)%$17,892  $19,589  $(1,697) (9)%
Percentage of revenue%%%%
Depreciation of property and equipment includes depreciation of computer equipment and software, office equipment and furniture, and leasehold improvements. Amortization of acquired intangible assets primarily includes the amortization of client, financial professional, and sponsor relationships, which are amortized over their estimated lives.
For the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to the three months ended June 30, 2019, depreciation and amortization expense decreased $2.1 million primarily due to TaxAct customer relationship intangible assets that completed their useful lives and ceased amortizing in early 2020, partially offset by an increase in amortization due to intangibles acquired in the 1st Global Acquisition.
For the six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2019, depreciation and amortization expense decreased $1.7 million primarily due to TaxAct customer relationship intangible assets that completed their useful lives and ceased amortizing in early 2020, partially offset by an increase in amortization due to intangibles acquired in the 1st Global Acquisition, as well as an increase in depreciation resulting from additional depreciable assets obtained in the 1st Global Acquisition and additional internal-use software put into service.
In future periods, we expect increased depreciation related to property and equipment put into service at our new headquarters in July 2020.
Impairment of Goodwill
(In thousands, except percentages)Three months endedQTDSix months endedYTD
June 30,ChangeJune 30,Change
 20202019$%20202019$%
Impairment of goodwill$—  $—  $—  N/A270,625  —  $270,625  N/A
Percentage of revenue— %— %64 %— %
For the six months ended June 30, 2020, we recognized goodwill impairment of $270.6 million related to our Wealth Management reporting unit. For additional information, see “Item 1. Financial Statements—Note 5.”
Blucora, Inc. | Q2 2020 Form 10-Q 34


OTHER LOSS, NET
Three months endedQTDSix months endedYTD
(In thousands)June 30,ChangeJune 30,Change
20202019$%20202019$%
Interest expense$4,840  $4,770  $70  %$10,156  $8,546  $1,610  19 %
Amortization of debt issuance costs331  375  (44) (12)%644  547  97  18 %
Accretion of debt discounts70  85  (15) (18)%138  123  15  12 %
Total interest expense5,241  5,230  11  — %10,938  9,216  1,722  19 %
Interest income(11) (149) 138  (93)%(25) (289) 264  (91)%
Other58  37  21  57 %510  149  361  242 %
Other loss, net$5,288  $5,118  $170  %$11,423  $9,076  $2,347  26 %
For the three months ended June 30, 2020 compared to the three months ended June 30, 2019, other loss, net, was relatively consistent.
For the six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2019, other loss, net, increased $2.3 million primarily due to $1.7 million increase in interest expense largely resulting from higher outstanding debt balances as a result of the $125.0 million increase in the Term Loan under the Senior Secured Credit Facility in the second quarter of 2019, in addition to incremental borrowings under the Revolver during the six months ended June 30, 2020.
We expect interest expense for the third quarter of 2020 and going forward to increase due to the $175.0 million increase to the Term Loan that was effective on July 1, 2020.
The Senior Secured Credit Facility, including the Term Loan and the Revolver thereunder, are described in more detail under “Liquidity and Capital Resources” below.
INCOME TAXES
(In thousands, except percentages)Three months endedQTDSix months endedYTD
June 30,ChangeJune 30,Change
 20202019$%20202019$%
Income tax benefit (expense)$59,539  $8,124  $51,415  633 %$(7,981) $4,139  $(12,120) (293)%
The Company recorded income tax benefit of $59.5 million and income tax expense of $8.0 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020, respectively. The Company's effective income tax rate for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 differed from the 21% statutory rate primarily due to expiring net operating loss tax benefits in the current year, an adjustment to the valuation allowance against the deferred tax assets for net operating losses expected to expire in future years of $14.7 million, and non-deductible officer compensation expense. The goodwill impairment charge of $270.6 million did not have an impact on the estimated annual effective income tax rate.
The Company recorded income tax benefits of $8.1 million and $4.1 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019, respectively. Income taxes for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 differed from the 21% statutory rate, primarily due to excess tax benefits related to stock-based compensation and the release of valuation allowances, offset by the effect of state income taxes, non-deductible compensation, and acquisition costs. As part of the 1st Global Acquisition, we recorded $78.2 million of intangible assets that resulted in an $11.6 million discrete change in the valuation allowance as intangible assets are not amortizable for tax purposes.
On March 27, 2020, President Trump signed into law the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act (the “CARES Act”). Intended to provide economic relief to those impacted by the coronavirus pandemic, the CARES Act includes provisions, among others, addressing refunds of alternative minimum tax (“AMT”) credits, temporary modifications to the limitations placed on the tax deductibility of net interest expenses, and technical amendments for qualified improvement property (“QIP”). Additionally, the CARES Act, in an effort to enhance liquidity for businesses, provides for refundable employee retention tax credits and the deferral of the employer-paid portion of social security taxes.
Blucora, Inc. | Q2 2020 Form 10-Q 35


We expect that we will be able to utilize the CARES Act provisions in the following ways:
The provision permitting an adjustment to the AMT credit carryforward will have an immediate effect by allowing us to recover the remaining $5.5 million AMT receivable in 2020.
The adjustments made to the Internal Revenue Code §163(j) limiting the deduction for business interest expense will allow a 50% limitation (rather than the previous 30% limitation) for taxable years beginning in 2019 and 2020. Furthermore, we may use our adjusted taxable income for tax year 2019 when calculating our interest limitation for tax year 2020.
The QIP technical correction may allow us to claim bonus tax depreciation on certain building improvements.
The deferral of the employer-paid portion of social security taxes will result in the deferral of $2.6 million of employer social security taxes for the remainder of 2020.

Blucora, Inc. | Q2 2020 Form 10-Q 36


NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES
Adjusted EBITDA
We define Adjusted EBITDA as net income (loss) attributable to Blucora, Inc., determined in accordance with GAAP, excluding the effects of stock-based compensation, depreciation and amortization of acquired intangible assets, other loss, net, acquisition and integration costs, impairment of goodwill, executive transition costs, headquarters relocation costs, and income tax (benefit) expense. Acquisition and integration costs primarily relate to the 1st Global Acquisition and the HKFS Acquisition. Impairment of goodwill relates to the impairment of our Wealth Management reporting unit goodwill that was recognized in the first quarter of 2020. Executive transition costs relate to the departure of certain Company executives in the first quarter of 2020. Headquarters relocation costs relate to the process of moving from our Dallas and Irving offices to our new headquarters.
We believe that Adjusted EBITDA provides meaningful supplemental information regarding our performance. We use this non-GAAP financial measure for internal management and compensation purposes, when publicly providing guidance on possible future results, and as a means to evaluate period-to-period comparisons. We believe that Adjusted EBITDA is a common measure used by investors and analysts to evaluate our performance, that it provides a more complete understanding of the results of operations and trends affecting our business when viewed together with GAAP results, and that management and investors benefit from referring to this non-GAAP financial measure. Items excluded from Adjusted EBITDA are significant and necessary components to the operations of our business and, therefore, Adjusted EBITDA should be considered as a supplement to, and not as a substitute for or superior to, GAAP net income (loss). Other companies may calculate Adjusted EBITDA differently and, therefore, our Adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies.
A reconciliation of our Adjusted EBITDA to net income (loss) attributable to Blucora, Inc., which we believe to be the most comparable GAAP measure, is presented below:
(In thousands)Three months ended June 30,Six months ended June 30,
 2020201920202019
Net income (loss) attributable to Blucora, Inc.$49,645  $31,036  $(265,849) $93,206  
Stock-based compensation3,904  4,082  2,703  6,525  
Depreciation and amortization of acquired intangible assets9,085  10,831  19,253  20,185  
Other loss, net5,288  5,118  11,423  9,076  
Acquisition and integration costs2,824  9,183  8,506  10,980  
Impairment of goodwill—  —  270,625  —  
Executive transition costs636  —  9,820  —  
Headquarters relocation costs737  —  1,453  —  
Income tax (benefit) expense(59,539) (8,124) 7,981  (4,139) 
Adjusted EBITDA$12,580  $52,126  $65,915  $135,833  
Non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP net income per share
We define non-GAAP net income as net income (loss) attributable to Blucora, Inc., determined in accordance with GAAP, excluding the effects of stock-based compensation, amortization of acquired intangible assets, acquisition and integration costs, impairment of goodwill, executive transition costs, headquarters relocation costs, the related cash tax impact of those adjustments, and non-cash income tax (benefit) expense. We exclude the non-cash portion of income tax expense because of our ability to offset a substantial portion of our cash tax liabilities by using deferred tax assets, which primarily consist of U.S. federal net operating losses. The majority of these net operating losses will expire, if unutilized, between 2020 and 2024.
We believe that non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP net income per share provide meaningful supplemental information to management, investors, and analysts regarding our performance and the valuation of our business by excluding items in the statement of operations that we do not consider part of our ongoing operations or have not been, or are not expected to be, settled in cash. Additionally, we believe that non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP net income per share are common measures used by investors and analysts to evaluate our performance and the valuation of our business. Non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP net income per share should be evaluated in light of our financial results prepared in accordance with GAAP and should be considered as a supplement to, and not as
Blucora, Inc. | Q2 2020 Form 10-Q 37


a substitute for or superior to, GAAP net income (loss) and net income (loss) per share. Other companies may calculate non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP net income per share differently, and, therefore, our non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP net income per share may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies.
A reconciliation of our non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP net income per share to net income (loss) attributable to Blucora, Inc. and net income (loss) per share attributable to Blucora, Inc., respectively, which we believe to be the most comparable GAAP measures, is presented below:
(In thousands, except per share amounts)Three months ended June 30,Six months ended June 30,
 2020201920202019
Net income (loss) attributable to Blucora, Inc.$49,645  $31,036  $(265,849) $93,206  
Stock-based compensation3,904  4,082  2,703  6,525  
Amortization of acquired intangible assets6,673  9,169  14,421  17,213  
Acquisition and integration costs2,824  9,183  8,506  10,980  
Impairment of goodwill—  —  270,625  —  
Executive transition costs636  —  9,820  —  
Headquarters relocation costs737  —  1,453  —  
Cash tax impact of adjustments to GAAP net income(259) (771) (995) (1,182) 
Non-cash income tax (benefit) expense(59,697) (11,317) 7,340  (8,166) 
Non-GAAP net income$4,463  $41,382  $48,024  $118,576  
Per diluted share:
Net income (loss) attributable to Blucora, Inc. (1)$1.03  $0.62  $(5.52) $1.88  
Stock-based compensation0.08  0.08  0.06  0.13  
Amortization of acquired intangible assets0.14  0.20  0.30  0.34  
Acquisition and integration costs0.06  0.18  0.18  0.22  
Impairment of goodwill—  —  5.62  —  
Executive transition costs0.01  —  0.20  —  
Headquarters relocation costs0.02  —  0.03  —  
Cash tax impact of adjustments to GAAP net income(0.01) (0.02) (0.02) (0.02) 
Non-cash income tax (benefit) expense(1.24) (0.23) 0.15  (0.16) 
Non-GAAP net income per share$0.09  $0.83  $1.00  $2.39  
Weighted average shares outstanding used in computing per diluted share amounts48,092  49,822  48,172  49,681  
____________________________
(1)As presented in the condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income, net loss per share attributable to Blucora, Inc. was $5.55 for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and was calculated based on weighted average shares outstanding of 47,884,000, which excluded the effect of potentially dilutive shares due to the net loss earned for the period. For non-GAAP reconciliation purposes, net loss per share attributable to Blucora, Inc. of $5.52 presented in the table above included the effect of potentially dilutive shares due to non-GAAP net income earned during the period.
Blucora, Inc. | Q2 2020 Form 10-Q 38


LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
Cash and Cash Equivalents
Our principal source of liquidity is our cash and cash equivalents. As of June 30, 2020, we had cash and cash equivalents of approximately $90.1 million. Our Avantax Wealth Management broker-dealer subsidiary operates in a highly regulated industry and is subject to various regulatory capital requirements. Failure to meet minimum capital requirements can initiate certain mandatory and possible additional discretionary actions by regulators that, if undertaken, could have substantial monetary and non-monetary impacts on Avantax’s operations. As of June 30, 2020, Avantax met all capital adequacy requirements to which it was subject.
We generally invest our excess cash in money market funds that are made up of securities issued by agencies of the U.S government. We may invest, from time-to-time, in other vehicles, such as debt instruments issued by the U.S. federal government and its agencies, international governments, municipalities, and publicly held corporations, as well as commercial paper and insured time deposits with commercial banks. Specific holdings can vary from period to period depending upon our cash requirements. Our financial instrument investments held at June 30, 2020 had minimal default risk and short-term maturities.
Historically, we have financed our operations primarily from cash provided by operating activities and access to credit markets. Our historical uses of cash have been funding our operations, capital expenditures, business combinations that enhance our strategic position, and share repurchases under share repurchase programs. We plan to finance our operating, working capital, regulatory capital requirements at our broker-dealer subsidiary, and capital expenditure requirements for at least the next 12 months largely through cash and cash equivalents. However, the underlying levels of revenues and expenses that we project may not prove to be accurate, and we may be required to draw on the Revolver (as defined below) or increase the principal amount of the Term Loan (as defined below) to meet our capital requirements.
Since our results of operations are sensitive to various factors, including, among others, the level of competition we face, regulatory and legal impacts, and political and economic conditions, such factors could adversely affect our liquidity and capital resources. In addition, due to the coronavirus pandemic, we have experienced and may continue to experience near-term volatility in our results of operations that could further increase our liquidity needs. Due to this volatility, we have taken several measures to ensure proper liquidity levels. We are maintaining flexibility in our cash flows by applying a heightened sense of focus in monitoring and managing our cash needs. In the first quarter of 2020, we accessed our Revolver (as defined below) for temporary liquidity needs and subsequently repaid such borrowings in full. In addition, we increased the principal outstanding under our Term Loan to fund the HKFS Acquisition and provide additional working capital flexibility. Overall, we believe these measures provide us with the capital flexibility to satisfy our obligations, fund our operations, and invest in our businesses.
For further discussion of the risks to our business related to liquidity, see “Item 1A. Risk Factors” under the heading “Existing cash and cash equivalents and cash generated from operations may not be sufficient to meet our anticipated cash needs for servicing debt, working capital, and capital expenditures” in Part I of our Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 and the risk factors set forth in Part II, Item 1A in this Form 10-Q.
We may use our cash and cash equivalents in the future to invest in our current businesses, for repayment of debt, for acquiring companies or assets, for stock buybacks, for returning capital to stockholders, or for other utilizations that we deem to be in the best interests of stockholders.
Indebtedness
In May 2017, we entered into a credit agreement (as the same has been amended, the “Credit Agreement”) with a syndicate of lenders that provides for a term loan facility (the “Term Loan”) and a revolving line of credit (including a letter of credit sub-facility) (the “Revolver”) for working capital, capital expenditures, and general business purposes (the “Senior Secured Credit Facility”). The Revolver and the Term Loan mature on May 22, 2022 and May 22, 2024, respectively.
As of June 30, 2020, we had $389.1 million in principal amount outstanding under the Term Loan and no amounts outstanding under the Revolver. Based on aggregate loan commitments as of June 30, 2020, approximately $65.0 million was available for future borrowing under the Senior Secured Credit Facility.

On July 1, 2020, we increased our Term Loan by $175.0 million. As of July 1, 2020, after giving effect to the increase to the Term Loan, we had term loans with an aggregate principal amount of $564.1 million outstanding
Blucora, Inc. | Q2 2020 Form 10-Q 39


under the Credit Agreement. As the Term Loan increase was effective July 1, 2020, the consolidated financial statements as of and for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 did not reflect the increase to the Term Loan.
Approximately $100.0 million of the proceeds from the increase to the Term Loan were used to fund the purchase price of the HKFS Acquisition, as well as to pay related fees and expenses. We intend to use the remainder of the proceeds from the increase to the Term Loan for additional working capital. The Company is required to make principal amortization payments on the Term Loan quarterly on the last business day of each March, June, September and December, beginning on September 30, 2020, in an amount equal to $0.5 million (subject to reduction for prepayments), with the remaining principal amount of the Term Loan due on the maturity date of May 22, 2024.

For additional information on the Term Loan, Revolver, and the Credit Agreement, see, “Item 1. Financial Statements—Note 6.”
Share Repurchase Plan
On March 19, 2019, we announced that our board of directors authorized a stock repurchase plan pursuant to which we may repurchase up to $100.0 million of our common stock. Pursuant to the plan, share repurchases may be made through a variety of methods, including open market or privately negotiated transactions. The timing and number of shares repurchased will depend on a variety of factors, including price, general business and market conditions, and alternative investment opportunities. Our repurchase program does not obligate us to repurchase any specific number of shares, may be suspended or discontinued at any time, and does not have a specified expiration date.
For the six months ended June 30, 2020, we did not repurchase any shares of our common stock under the stock repurchase plan. As of June 30, 2020, there was still approximately $71.7 million in remaining capacity under the stock repurchase plan. In assessing our capital allocation priorities, we do not expect to make additional share repurchases in the near term.

Contractual Obligations and Commitments
The material change in our contractual obligations and commitments related to debt activity (as described in “Indebtedness” above). Additional information on our contractual obligations and commitments can be found in our Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.
Off-balance Sheet Arrangements
We had no off-balance sheet arrangements as of June 30, 2020.
Cash Flows
Our cash flows were comprised of the following:
(In thousands)Six months ended June 30,
 20202019Change ($)
Net cash provided by operating activities$34,374  $96,812  $(62,438) 
Net cash used by investing activities(19,072) (167,399) 148,327  
Net cash provided (used) by financing activities(10,405) 94,915  (105,320) 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash—  58  (58) 
Net increase in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash$4,897  $24,386  $(19,489) 
Blucora, Inc. | Q2 2020 Form 10-Q 40


Net cash from operating activities
Net cash from operating activities consists of income (loss), offset by certain non-cash adjustments, and changes in operating assets and liabilities. Operating cash flows and changes in operating assets and liabilities were as follows:
(In thousands)Six months ended June 30,
 20202019Change ($)
Net income (loss)$(265,849) $93,206  $(359,055) 
Non-cash adjustments306,914  34,063  272,851  
Operating cash flows before changes in operating assets and liabilities41,065  127,269  (86,204) 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities(6,691) (30,457) 23,766  
Net cash provided by operating activities$34,374  $96,812  $(62,438) 
Net cash provided by operating activities was $34.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and included $41.1 million of operating cash flows before changes in operating assets and liabilities, partially offset by $6.7 million from changes in operating assets and liabilities. For the six months ended June 30, 2020 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2019, operating cash flows before changes in operating assets and liabilities decreased $86.2 million primarily due to the following factors:
Operating income from our Tax Preparation business decreased $76.2 million; and
Executive transition costs of $9.8 million were recognized in the first quarter of 2020 due to the departure of certain Company executives.
The increase in the changes in operating assets and liabilities of $23.8 million was primarily due to working capital adjustments experienced in the six months ended June 30, 2019 resulting from the 1st Global Acquisition.
Net cash from investing activities
Net cash used by investing activities consists of purchases of property and equipment. Investing cash flows were as follows:
(In thousands)Six months ended June 30,
 20202019Change ($)
Business acquisition, net of cash acquired$—  $(164,461) $164,461  
Purchases of property and equipment(19,072) (2,938) (16,134) 
Net cash used by investing activities$(19,072) $(167,399) $148,327  
Net cash used by investing activities was $19.1 million and $167.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. The $148.3 million decrease in net cash used by investing activities was primarily due to cash outlays for the 1st Global Acquisition in May 2019. This decrease was partially offset by an increase in cash outlays for office equipment and leasehold improvements related to the new headquarters office building, as well as additional capitalized software costs.
Blucora, Inc. | Q2 2020 Form 10-Q 41


Net cash from financing activities
Net cash from financing activities primarily consists of transactions related to the issuance of debt and stock. Our financing activities can fluctuate from period-to-period based upon our financing needs. Financing cash flows were as follows:
(In thousands)Six months ended June 30,
 20202019Change ($)
Proceeds from credit facilities$55,000  $121,499  $(66,499) 
Payments on credit facilities(65,625) —  (65,625) 
Payment of redeemable noncontrolling interests—  (24,945) 24,945  
Proceeds from stock option exercises25  3,320  (3,295) 
Proceeds from issuance of stock through employee stock purchase plan1,201  1,144  57  
Tax payments from shares withheld for equity awards(1,006) (5,160) 4,154  
Contingent consideration payments for business acquisition—  (943) 943  
Net cash provided (used) by financing activities$(10,405) $94,915  $(105,320) 
Net cash used by financing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2020 primarily consisted of $65.6 million of repayments under our Revolver, which was partially offset by $55.0 million of additional borrowings.
Net cash provided by financing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2019 primarily consisted of $121.5 million of borrowings under the Senior Secured Credit Facility that were used to fund the 1st Global Acquisition, as well as $4.5 million in combined proceeds from the issuance of common stock related to stock option exercises and the employee stock purchase plan. These cash inflows were partially offset by $24.9 million to settle redeemable noncontrolling interest related to the acquisition of HD Vest in 2015, as well as $5.2 million in tax payments from shares withheld for equity awards.
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
Impairment of goodwill
Goodwill represents the cost of an acquisition less the fair value of the net identifiable assets of the acquired business. We evaluate goodwill for impairment annually, as of November 30, or more frequently when events or circumstances indicate it is more likely than not that the fair value of one or more of our reporting units is less than its carrying amount. To determine whether it is necessary to perform a goodwill impairment test, we first assess qualitative factors to evaluate whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount. We may elect to perform a goodwill impairment test without completing a qualitative assessment.
Beginning in March 2020, the coronavirus pandemic had a significant negative impact on the U.S. and global economy and caused substantial disruption in the U.S. and global securities markets, and as a result, negatively impacted certain key Wealth Management business drivers, such as client asset levels and interest rates. These macroeconomic and Company-specific factors, in totality, served as a triggering event that resulted in the testing of the goodwill of the Wealth Management reporting unit and the Tax Preparation reporting unit for potential impairment.
As part of the goodwill impairment test, we compared the estimated fair values of the Wealth Management and Tax Preparation reporting units to their respective carrying values. Estimated fair value was calculated using Level 3 inputs and utilized a blended valuation method that factored in the income approach and the market approach. The income approach estimated fair value by using the present value of future discounted cash flows. Significant estimates used in the discounted cash flow model included our forecasted cash flows, our long-term rates of growth, and our weighted average cost of capital. The weighted average cost of capital factors in the relevant risk associated with business-specific characteristics and the uncertainty related to the ability to achieve our projected cash flows. The market approach estimated fair value by taking income-based valuation multiples for a set of comparable companies and applying the valuation multiple to each reporting unit’s income.
Blucora, Inc. | Q2 2020 Form 10-Q 42


For the Wealth Management reporting unit, the carrying value of the reporting unit exceeded its fair value by $270.6 million. Therefore, we recorded an impairment of goodwill of $270.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020. For the Tax Preparation reporting unit, the carrying value of the reporting unit was significantly below its fair value, and therefore, no impairment of goodwill was deemed necessary.
While no goodwill impairment triggering events were identified during the three months ended June 30, 2020, the Wealth Management reporting unit is considered to be at risk for a future impairment of its goodwill in the event of a further decline in general economic, market, or business conditions, or any significant unfavorable changes in our forecasted revenue, expenses, cash flows, weighted average cost of capital, and/or market valuation multiples. We will continue to monitor for events and circumstances that could negatively impact the key assumptions in determining the fair value of the Wealth Management reporting unit.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
See "Item 1. Financial Statements—Note 2" for additional information on recently adopted accounting pronouncements.

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
There have been no material changes to the instruments in which we are exposed to market risk during the six months ended June 30, 2020. As of June 30, 2020, we had $389.1 million in principal amount of debt outstanding under the Term Loan of our Senior Secured Credit Facility, which carries a degree of interest rate risk. This debt has a floating portion of its interest rate tied to the London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”). For further information on our outstanding debt, see “Item 1. Financial Statements—Note 6.” A hypothetical 100 basis point increase in LIBOR on June 30, 2020 would result in a $15.4 million increase in our interest expense until the scheduled maturity date in 2024.
For additional information, see Part II, Item 7A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.

Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
Our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer, has evaluated (pursuant to Rule 13a-15(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934) the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of June 30, 2020. Based on that evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e)) were effective as of June 30, 2020.
Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting
Our internal control environment has been impacted by work-from-home requirements for our employees. These requirements began in mid-March and have continued through the date of this report. While modifications were made to the manner in which controls were performed, these changes did not have a material impact on our internal control over financial reporting, and there were no changes to our internal control over financial reporting during the quarter ended June 30, 2020 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

PART II—OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
See “Item 1. Financial Statements—Note 10” for additional information on our legal proceedings.

Blucora, Inc. | Q2 2020 Form 10-Q 43


Item 1A. Risk Factors
Our business and future results may be affected by a number of risks and uncertainties that should be considered carefully. In addition, this report also contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Our actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in such forward-looking statements as a result of certain factors, including the risks described in Part I, Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 and the risks set forth below.
We believe that there have been no material changes in our risk factors as previously disclosed in the Form 10-K other than as set forth below. The occurrence of one or more of the events listed below could have a material adverse effect on our business, prospects, results of operations, reputation, financial condition, cash flows, or ability to continue current operations without any direct or indirect impairment or disruption, which is referred to throughout these risk factors as a “Material Adverse Effect.”
RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH OUR BUSINESSES
Pandemics, including the recent coronavirus pandemic, could have a Material Adverse Effect.
In late 2019, a novel strain of coronavirus was reported to have surfaced in Wuhan, China. Beginning in January 2020, the coronavirus spread to other countries, including the United States, and efforts to contain the spread of the coronavirus intensified. The various precautionary measures taken by many governmental authorities around the world in order to limit the spread of the coronavirus as well as the societal response have had, and could continue to have, an adverse effect on the global markets and economy, including on the availability of and costs associated with employees, resources, and other aspects of the global economy. The development of the coronavirus pandemic could also cause significant disruptions to our business and operations and the operations of our financial professionals, increase costs and burdens associated with staffing and conducting our operations, increase our risk of being subject to contract performance claims, or increase the risk that our counterparties fail to perform under their respective contracts or commitments, if we or they are unable to deliver according to the terms of such contracts or commitments and do not have the ability to claim force majeure.
Our Wealth Management segment, which provides tax-focused wealth management solutions for financial professionals, tax preparers, certified public accounting firms, and their clients, primarily generates revenue through securities and insurance commissions, quarterly investment advisory fees based on advisory assets, product marketing service agreements, and other agreements and fees. The coronavirus pandemic has had a material negative impact on the U.S. and global economy as a whole and has caused substantial disruption in the U.S. and global securities and debt markets. This economic and market disruption has negatively impacted the value of some of our clients’ assets, which has caused and we expect will continue to cause a corresponding decline in the amount of revenue that we derive from these client assets. Further, as a result of this economic and market disruption, we have experienced and expect that we may continue to experience a decline in commission revenue from lower trading volumes, a reduction in advisory revenue, significantly reduced cash sweep revenue due to changes in prevailing interest rates, losses sustained from our customers’ and market participants’ failure to fulfill their settlement obligations, reduced net interest earnings, and other losses. The coronavirus pandemic has also affected the business of our financial professionals in many ways. For example, our financial professionals have not been able to meet with clients face-to-face during the pandemic, and they have also had to assist clients through an extended tax season and in applying for loans under the U.S. Small Business Administration’s Paycheck Protection Program. This sustained change in business or the loss of financial professionals who are not able to continue their business during this difficult time could lead to lower revenue and could have a Material Adverse Effect.
Our Tax Preparation segment, which provides digital do-it-yourself tax preparation solutions for consumers, small business owners, and tax professionals, primarily generates revenue through digital tax preparation services. In March 2020, the IRS extended the deadline for specified U.S. federal income tax payments and federal income tax returns due April 15, 2020 to July 15, 2020 in response to the coronavirus pandemic. This filing extension resulted in the shifting of a significant portion of Tax Preparation segment revenue that is usually earned in the first and second quarters of 2020 to the third quarter of 2020, as well as increased expenses. As a result, our results of operations for our Tax Preparation segment were negatively impacted in the first and second quarters of 2020 compared to the corresponding periods in prior years. It is currently unknown if the IRS will need to extend the tax filing deadline in 2021, and this limits our ability to plan for the next tax season and could also cause confusion amongst tax filers that could result in less tax filers who use our product.
In addition, we have historically financed our operations primarily from cash provided by operating activities and access to credit markets. To the extent that the coronavirus pandemic causes a substantial reduction or change
Blucora, Inc. | Q2 2020 Form 10-Q 44


in timing of our cash provided by operating activities, we may be required to seek additional capital through issuances of debt or equity securities. We may be unable to complete any such transactions on favorable terms to us, or at all. The instruments governing our existing indebtedness require us to comply with certain restrictive covenants, and any substantial and sustained downturn in our operations due to the coronavirus or other factors may cause us to be in breach of our debt covenants or limit our ability to make interest payments on our indebtedness, which could constitute an event of default and cause our outstanding indebtedness to be declared immediately due and payable. If applicable, such acceleration of our outstanding indebtedness could cause our secured lenders to foreclose against the assets securing their borrowings, and we could be forced into bankruptcy or liquidation. Any inability to obtain additional liquidity as and when needed, or to maintain compliance with the instruments governing our indebtedness, would have a Material Adverse Effect.
Any of the foregoing factors could result in a Material Adverse Effect on our revenues, results of operations and financial condition. The extent to which the coronavirus impacts our results will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted, including new information which may emerge concerning the severity of the coronavirus and the actions to contain the coronavirus or treat its impact, among others.
Our Wealth Management business is subject to extensive regulation, and failure to comply with these regulations or interpretations thereof could have a Material Adverse Effect.
Our Wealth Management business is subject to enhanced regulatory scrutiny and is heavily regulated by multiple agencies, including the SEC, Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (“FINRA”), state securities and insurance regulators, and other regulatory authorities. Failure to comply with these regulators’ laws, rules, and regulations could result in the restriction of the ongoing conduct or growth, or even liquidation of, parts of our business and otherwise cause a Material Adverse Effect. In addition, regulators may adopt new laws or regulations, or their interpretation of existing laws or regulations may differ from our interpretation of the laws or regulations that are applicable to our business. Regulators may also take enforcement actions based on their interpretation of the law that could require or prompt us to change our business practices, increase our costs, including resulting in fines, penalties and disgorgement, or reduce our revenue, any of which could cause a Material Adverse Effect.
The regulatory environment in which our Wealth Management business operates is continually evolving, and the level of financial regulation to which we are subject has generally increased in recent years. Regulators have adopted, proposed to adopt, and may in the future adopt regulations that could impact the manner in which we will market products and services in our Wealth Management business, manage our Wealth Management business operations, and interact with regulators. In addition, the Trump Administration has initiated and in some cases completed a broad review of U.S. fiscal laws and regulations. If significant changes are enacted as a result of this review, they could negatively impact our Wealth Management business and cause a Material Adverse Effect.
On June 5, 2019, the SEC adopted Regulation Best Interest (“Reg. BI”), which established a “best interest” standard when making a recommendation of any securities transaction to a retail customer. The “best interest” standard requires a broker-dealer to make recommendations without putting its financial interests ahead of the interests of a retail customer and imposes certain disclosure and policy and procedural obligations. The SEC also adopted Form CRS Relationship Summary (“Form CRS”), which requires RIAs and broker-dealers to deliver to retail investors a succinct, plain English summary about the relationship and services provided by the firm and the required standard of conduct associated with the relationship and services. In connection with adopting Reg. BI, the SEC added new record-making and record-keeping rules.
The compliance date for Reg. BI and the related rules was June 30, 2020. As it concerns the SEC’s efforts to evaluate firms’ compliance with Reg. BI and Form CRS, the SEC stated on April 7, 2020 that for initial examinations of Reg. BI and Form CRS, the SEC will focus on assessing whether broker-dealers have made a good faith effort to implement policies and procedures reasonably designed to comply with Reg. BI and Form CRS. Although we believe we have taken steps to comply with Reg. BI and Form CRS by the compliance date, we are continuing to implement processes and procedures reasonably designed to comply with Reg. BI and Form CRS. If the SEC does not believe we have sufficiently complied or if we fail to continue to comply with the requirements of Reg. BI and Form CRS, we could be subject to fines or regulatory actions that result in a Material Adverse Effect on our business or financial condition. Because our brokerage business comprises a significant portion of our business, our failure to successfully conform to these standards could negatively impact our results.
Reg. BI’s new standards of conduct and other requirements that heighten the duties of broker-dealers and financial professionals have resulted in, and may continue to cause, additional supervisory, compliance, and training costs and burdens, as well as management and financial professional distraction. The additional obligations of the
Blucora, Inc. | Q2 2020 Form 10-Q 45


rule could also impact the compensation our Wealth Management business and our financial professionals receive for selling certain types of products, all of which could have a Material Adverse Effect on our business. In addition, Reg. BI prohibits a broker-dealer and its associated persons from using the term “adviser” or “advisor” if the associated person is not an investment advisor representative of an RIA. This prohibition has required us to change the titles of certain of our advisors to “financial professionals,” which could lead to confusion regarding the appropriate use of the term.
Legislatures and securities regulators in certain states in which we do business have enacted (or have considered enacting) their own standard of conduct rules for broker-dealers, insurance agents, and investment advisors. The requirements and scope of these state rules are not uniform. Accordingly, we may have to adopt different policies and procedures in different states, which could create added compliance, supervision, training and sales costs for our Wealth Management business. Should more states enact similar legislation or regulation, it could result in material additional compliance costs and could have a Material Adverse Effect.
Our Wealth Management business that operates under Avantax Wealth Management distributes its products and services through financial professionals who affiliate with us as independent contractors. There can be no assurance that legislative, judicial, or regulatory (including tax) authorities will not introduce proposals or assert interpretations of existing rules and regulations that would change, or at least challenge, the classification of our financial professionals as independent contractors. Although we believe we have properly classified our financial professionals as independent contractors, the IRS or other U.S. federal or state authorities or similar authorities may determine that we have misclassified our financial professionals as independent contractors for employment tax or other purposes and, as a result, seek additional taxes from us or attempt to impose fines and penalties, which could have a Material Adverse Effect on our business model, financial condition, and results of operations.
In addition, the SEC and FINRA have extensive rules and regulations with respect to capital requirements. As a registered broker-dealer, our Wealth Management business is subject to Rule 15c3-1 (the “Net Capital Rule”) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and related requirements of self-regulatory organizations, which specify minimum capital requirements that are intended to ensure the general soundness and liquidity of broker-dealers. As a result of the Net Capital Rule, our ability to withdraw capital from our subsidiaries that comprise our Wealth Management business could be restricted, which in turn could limit our ability to repay debt, redeem or purchase shares of our outstanding stock, or pay dividends, which could have a Material Adverse Effect. A large operating loss or charge against net capital could adversely affect our ability to expand or even maintain our present levels of business.
Our Wealth Management business offers products sponsored by third parties, including, but not limited to, mutual funds, insurance, annuities, and alternative investments. These products are subject to complex regulations that change frequently. Although we have controls in place to facilitate compliance with such regulations, there can be no assurance that our interpretation of the regulations will be consistent with various regulators’ interpretations, that our procedures will be viewed as adequate by regulatory examiners, or that the operating subsidiaries will be deemed to be in compliance with regulatory requirements in all material respects. If products sold by our Wealth Management business do not perform as anticipated due to market factors or otherwise, or if product sponsors become insolvent or are otherwise unable to meet their obligations, this could result in material litigation and regulatory action against us. In addition, we could face liabilities for actual or alleged breaches of legal duties to customers with respect to the suitability of the financial products we make available in our open architecture product platform or the investment advice of our financial professionals.
In addition, the risks we face with respect to complying with regulatory requirements for our Wealth Management business may be exacerbated by the effects of the coronavirus, particularly with respect to risks associated with our ability to comply with new regulations. Given the unprecedented nature of the coronavirus pandemic, it is difficult for us to predict how it will impact our business and our ability to adopt new policies, procedures, and training programs and employ the personnel necessary to ensure compliance with new regulations.

Blucora, Inc. | Q2 2020 Form 10-Q 46


Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
On March 19, 2019, we announced that our board of directors authorized a stock repurchase plan pursuant to which we may repurchase up to $100.0 million of our common stock. Pursuant to the plan, share repurchases may be made through a variety of methods, including open market or privately negotiated transactions. The timing and number of shares repurchased will depend on a variety of factors, including price, general business and market conditions, and alternative investment opportunities. The authorization does not have a specified expiration date.
Share repurchase activity for the six months ended June 30, 2020 by month was as follows (in thousands, except per share data):
PeriodTotal Number of Shares PurchasedAverage Price Paid Per ShareTotal Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plans or ProgramsMaximum Approximate Dollar Value of Shares that May Yet Be Purchased Under the Plans or Programs
January 1-31, 2020—  $—  —  $71,671  
February 1-29, 2020—  $��  —  $71,671  
March 1-31, 2020—  $—  —  $71,671  
April 1-30, 2020—  $—  —  $71,671  
May 1-31, 2020—  $—  —  $71,671  
June 1-30, 2020—  $—  —  $71,671  
    Total—  $—  —  

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
None.
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
Not applicable.
Item 5. Other Information
None.
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Item 6. Exhibits
Exhibit
Number
Exhibit DescriptionFormDate of
First Filing
Exhibit NumberFiled
Herewith
2.1#8-KJuly 1, 20202.1
3.18-KJuly 16, 20203.1
10.18-KApril 22, 202010.1
10.2^10-QMay 6, 202010.7
10.3^8-KJuly 1, 202010.1
10.4DEF
14A
April 9, 2020App-
endix B
10.5DEF
14A
April 9, 2020App-
endix C
10.68-KMay 28, 202010.3
31.1X
31.2X
32.1*X
32.2*X
101The following financial statements from the Company's 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended June 30, 2020, formatted in inline XBRL: (i) Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, (ii) Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income, (iii) Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Equity; (iv) Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, and (v) Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial StatementsX
104Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and Contained in Exhibit 101)X
____________________________
# Schedules and exhibits have been omitted pursuant to Item 601(b)(2) of Regulation S-K. Blucora, Inc. hereby undertakes to furnish supplemental copies of any of the omitted schedules and exhibits upon request by the Securities and Exchange Commission.
^ Certain portions of the exhibit have been omitted.
*The certifications attached as Exhibits 32.1 and 32.2 are not deemed filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission and are not to be incorporated by reference into any filing of Blucora, Inc. under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, whether made before or after the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, irrespective of any general incorporation language contained in such filing.
Blucora, Inc. | Q2 2020 Form 10-Q 48


SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized. 
BLUCORA, INC.
By:/s/ Marc Mehlman
 Marc Mehlman
Chief Financial Officer
(On behalf of the Registrant and as
Principal Financial Officer)
Date:August 5, 2020

Blucora, Inc. | Q2 2020 Form 10-Q 49