Loading...
Docoh

Axon Enterprise (AXON)

Filed: 6 May 21, 8:00pm

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

Form 10-Q

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2021

or

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                      to                   

Commission File Number: 001-16391

Axon Enterprise, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware

86-0741227

(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

17800 North 85th Street

85255

Scottsdale,  Arizona

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip Code)

(480) 991-0797

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Not Applicable

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class

Trading Symbol(s)

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock, $0.00001 Par Value

AXON

The Nasdaq Global Select Market

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.   Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).   Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated Filer

Smaller reporting company

Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).   Yes       No  

The number of shares of the registrant’s common stock outstanding as of April 30, 2021 was 64,684,364.

Special Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

This Report on Form 10-Q contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), including statements regarding our expectations, beliefs, intentions and strategies regarding the future. We intend that such forward-looking statements be subject to the safe-harbor provided by the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. From time to time, we also provide forward-looking statements in other materials we release to the public as well as verbal forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements include, without limitation, statements regarding: proposed products and services and related development efforts and activities; expectations about the market for our current and future products and services; the impact of pending litigation; strategies and trends relating to subscription plan programs and revenues; our anticipation that contracts with governmental customers will be fulfilled; strategies and trends, including the benefits of, research and development investments; the sufficiency of our liquidity and financial resources; expectations about customer behavior; the impact on our investment portfolio of changes in interest rates; our potential use of foreign currency forward and option contracts; statements concerning projections, predictions, expectations, estimates or forecasts as to our business, financial and operational results and future economic performance; statements of management’s strategies, goals and objectives and other similar expressions; as well as the ultimate resolution of financial statement items requiring critical accounting estimates, including those set forth in our Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020. Such statements give our current expectations or forecasts of future events; they do not relate strictly to historical or current facts. Words such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “could,” “would,” “predict,” “potential,” “continue,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “future,” “intend,” “plan,” “believe,” “estimate,” and similar expressions, as well as statements in future tense, identify forward-looking statements. However, not all forward-looking statements contain these identifying words.

We cannot guarantee that any forward-looking statement will be realized, although we believe we have been prudent in our plans and assumptions. Achievement of future results is subject to risks, uncertainties and potentially inaccurate assumptions. The following important factors could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements: the potential global impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic; our exposure to cancellations of government contracts due to appropriation clauses, exercise of a cancellation clause, or non-exercise of contractually optional periods; our ability to design, introduce and sell new products or features; our ability to defend against litigation and protect our intellectual property, and the resulting costs of this activity; our ability to manage our supply chain and avoid production delays, shortages, and impacts to expected gross margins; the impact of stock compensation expense, impairment expense, and income tax expense on our financial results; customer purchase behavior, including adoption of our software as a service delivery model; negative media publicity regarding our products; the impact of product mix on projected gross margins; defects in our products; changes in the costs of product components and labor; loss of customer data, a breach of security, or an extended outage, including by our third party cloud-based storage providers; exposure to international operational risks; delayed cash collections and possible credit losses due to our subscription model; changes in government regulations in the U.S. and in foreign markets, especially related to the classification of our products by the United States Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives; our ability to integrate acquired businesses; our ability to attract and retain key personnel; and counter-party risks relating to cash balances held in excess of FDIC insurance limits. Many events beyond our control may determine whether results we anticipate will be achieved. Should known or unknown risks or uncertainties materialize, or should underlying assumptions prove inaccurate, actual results could differ materially from past results and those anticipated, estimated or projected. You should bear this in mind as you consider forward-looking statements. The Annual Report on Form 10-K that we filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") on February 26, 2021 lists various important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from expected and historical results. These factors are intended as cautionary statements for investors within the meaning of Section 21E of the Exchange Act and Section 27A of the Securities Act. Readers can find them under the heading “Risk Factors” in the Report on Form 10-K, and investors should refer to them. You should understand that it is not possible to predict or identify all such factors. Consequently, you should not consider any such list to be a complete set of all potential risks or uncertainties.

Except as required by law, we undertake no obligation to publicly update forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. You are advised, however, to consult any further disclosures we make on related subjects in our Form 10-Q, 8-K and 10-K reports to the SEC. Our filings with the SEC may be accessed at the SEC’s web site at www.sec.gov.

ii

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements

AXON ENTERPRISE, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(in thousands, except share data)

    

March 31, 

December 31, 

2021

2020

(Unaudited)

ASSETS

 

  

 

  

Current assets:

 

  

 

  

Cash and cash equivalents

$

154,822

$

155,440

Short-term investments

 

440,842

 

406,525

Accounts and notes receivable, net of allowance of $1,796 and $2,105 as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively

 

185,373

 

229,201

Contract assets, net

 

72,472

 

63,945

Inventory

 

89,657

 

89,958

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

43,063

 

36,883

Total current assets

 

986,229

 

981,952

Property and equipment, net

 

112,119

 

105,494

Deferred tax assets, net

 

46,403

 

45,770

Intangible assets, net

 

8,642

 

9,448

Goodwill

 

25,194

 

25,205

Long-term investments

 

78,464

 

90,681

Long-term notes receivable, net

 

18,546

 

22,457

Long-term contract assets, net

26,341

20,099

Other assets

 

102,920

 

79,917

Total assets

$

1,404,858

$

1,381,023

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

  

 

  

Current liabilities:

 

  

 

  

Accounts payable

$

19,791

$

24,142

Accrued liabilities

 

41,097

 

59,843

Current portion of deferred revenue

 

165,086

 

163,959

Customer deposits

 

8,134

 

2,956

Other current liabilities

 

5,667

 

5,431

Total current liabilities

 

239,775

 

256,331

Deferred revenue, net of current portion

 

116,107

 

111,222

Liability for unrecognized tax benefits

 

4,697

 

4,503

Long-term deferred compensation

 

4,825

 

4,732

Deferred tax liability, net

684

649

Other long-term liabilities

 

27,866

 

27,331

Total liabilities

 

393,954

 

404,768

Commitments and contingencies (Note 11)

 

  

 

  

Stockholders’ equity:

 

  

 

  

Preferred stock, $0.00001 par value; 25,000,000 shares authorized; 0 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively

 

 

Common stock, $0.00001 par value; 200,000,000 shares authorized; 64,673,091 and 63,766,555 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively

 

1

 

1

Additional paid-in capital

 

1,044,724

 

962,159

Treasury stock at cost, 20,220,227 shares as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020

 

(155,947)

 

(155,947)

Retained earnings

 

121,984

 

169,901

Accumulated other comprehensive income

 

142

 

141

Total stockholders’ equity

 

1,010,904

 

976,255

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

$

1,404,858

$

1,381,023

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

1

AXON ENTERPRISE, INC.

UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

(in thousands, except per share data)

Three Months Ended March 31, 

    

2021

    

2020

Net sales from products

$

140,886

$

107,288

Net sales from services

 

54,133

 

39,874

Net sales

 

195,019

 

147,162

Cost of product sales

 

58,616

 

48,884

Cost of service sales

 

13,050

 

9,670

Cost of sales

 

71,666

 

58,554

Gross margin

 

123,353

 

88,608

Operating expenses:

 

  

 

  

Sales, general and administrative

 

126,597

 

63,027

Research and development

 

47,018

 

26,381

Total operating expenses

 

173,615

 

89,408

Income (loss) from operations

 

(50,262)

 

(800)

Interest and other income, net

 

585

 

941

Income (loss) before provision for income taxes

 

(49,677)

 

141

Provision for (benefit from) income taxes

 

(1,760)

 

(3,933)

Net income (loss)

$

(47,917)

$

4,074

Net income (loss) per common and common equivalent shares:

 

  

 

  

Basic

$

(0.75)

$

0.07

Diluted

$

(0.75)

$

0.07

Weighted average number of common and common equivalent shares outstanding:

 

  

 

  

Basic

 

64,036

 

59,609

Diluted

 

64,036

 

60,394

UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

Net income (loss)

$

(47,917)

$

4,074

Foreign currency translation adjustments

 

1

 

(2,372)

Comprehensive income (loss)

$

(47,916)

$

1,702

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

2

AXON ENTERPRISE, INC.

UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

(in thousands, except share data)

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

Accumulated

    

Additional

Other

Total

Common Stock

Paid-in

Treasury Stock

Retained

Comprehensive

Stockholders’

Shares

Amount

Capital

Shares

Amount

Earnings

Income

Equity

Balance, December 31, 2020

 

63,766,555

$

1

$

962,159

 

20,220,227

$

(155,947)

$

169,901

$

141

$

976,255

Issuance of common stock under employee plans, net

 

906,536

(7,045)

 

(7,045)

Stock-based compensation

 

89,610

 

89,610

Net income

 

(47,917)

 

(47,917)

Foreign currency translation adjustments

 

1

1

Balance, March 31, 2021

 

64,673,091

$

1

$

1,044,724

 

20,220,227

$

(155,947)

$

121,984

$

142

$

1,010,904

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

Accumulated

    

    

Additional

Other

Total

Common Stock

Paid-in

Treasury Stock

Retained

Comprehensive

Stockholders’

Shares

Amount

Capital

Shares

Amount

Earnings

Loss

Equity

Balance, December 31, 2019

    

59,497,759

$

1

$

528,272

 

20,220,227

$

(155,947)

$

172,265

$

(1,096)

    

$

543,495

Cumulative effect of applying a change in accounting principle, net of tax

 

 

 

 

 

 

(640)

 

 

(640)

Issuance of common stock under employee plans, net

 

315,404

 

 

(5,162)

 

 

 

 

 

(5,162)

Stock-based compensation

 

 

 

20,195

 

 

 

 

 

20,195

Net income

 

 

 

 

 

4,074

 

4,074

Foreign currency translation adjustments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2,372)

 

(2,372)

Balance, March 31, 2020

 

59,813,163

$

1

$

543,305

 

20,220,227

$

(155,947)

$

175,699

$

(3,468)

$

559,590

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

3

AXON ENTERPRISE, INC.

UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(in thousands)

Three Months Ended March 31, 

    

2021

    

2020

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

  

 

  

Net income (loss)

$

(47,917)

$

4,074

Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:

 

  

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

4,291

 

2,881

Loss on disposal and abandonment of intangible assets

 

11

 

13

Loss on disposal and impairment of property and equipment, net

 

45

 

517

Stock-based compensation

 

89,610

 

20,195

Deferred income taxes

 

(598)

 

(1,548)

Unrecognized tax benefits

 

194

 

341

Other noncash

 

2,615

 

1,156

Provision for expected credit losses

(335)

902

Change in assets and liabilities:

 

 

Accounts and notes receivable and contract assets

 

31,298

 

(9,700)

Inventory

 

520

 

(8,630)

Prepaid expenses and other assets

 

(6,952)

 

2,277

Accounts payable, accrued and other liabilities

 

(18,062)

 

(3,562)

Deferred revenue

 

6,219

 

4,499

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

60,939

 

13,415

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

  

 

  

Purchases of investments

 

(155,825)

 

(99,512)

Proceeds from call / maturity of investments

 

132,254

 

84,315

Purchases of property and equipment

 

(10,521)

 

(2,209)

Proceeds from disposal of property and equipment

10

78

Purchases of intangible assets

 

(41)

 

(45)

Strategic investments

 

(20,000)

 

(4,700)

Net cash used in investing activities

 

(54,123)

 

(22,073)

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

  

 

  

Proceeds from options exercised

 

0

 

28

Income and payroll tax payments for net-settled stock awards

 

(7,045)

 

(5,190)

Net cash used in financing activities

 

(7,045)

 

(5,162)

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

 

(392)

 

(1,890)

Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents

 

(621)

 

(15,710)

Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period

 

155,551

 

172,355

Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period

$

154,930

$

156,645

Supplemental disclosures:

 

  

 

  

Cash and cash equivalents

$

154,822

$

156,540

Restricted cash (Note 1)

 

108

 

105

Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash shown in the statements of cash flows

$

154,930

$

156,645

Cash paid for income taxes, net of refunds

$

4,152

$

3,863

Non-cash transactions

 

  

 

  

Property and equipment purchases in accounts payable and accrued liabilities

$

517

$

617

Investment purchases in accounts payable, net

$

0

$

13,451

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

4

Table of Contents

AXON ENTERPRISE, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

1. Organization and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Axon Enterprise, Inc. (“Axon,” the “Company,” "we," or "us") is a market-leading provider of law enforcement technology solutions. Our core mission is to protect life. We fulfill that mission through developing hardware and software products that advance the long term objectives of a) obsoleting the bullet, b) reducing social conflict, and c) enabling a fair and effective justice system.

Our headquarters in Scottsdale, Arizona houses our executive management, sales, marketing, certain engineering, manufacturing, finance and other administrative support functions. Our global software hub is located in Seattle, Washington, and we also have subsidiaries and / or offices located in Australia, Canada, Finland, Germany, Hong Kong, India, Italy, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, and Vietnam.

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Axon Enterprise, Inc. and our wholly owned subsidiaries. All material intercompany accounts, transactions, and profits have been eliminated.

Basis of Presentation and Use of Estimates

These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the SEC. Certain information related to our organization, significant accounting policies and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“U.S. GAAP”) has been condensed or omitted. The accounting policies followed in the preparation of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements are consistent with those followed in our annual consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2020, as filed on Form 10-K, with the exception of our adoption of certain accounting pronouncements which we describe below. In the opinion of management, these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements contain all material adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments, necessary to fairly state our financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented and the presentations and disclosures herein are adequate when read in conjunction with our Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020. The results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2021 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year (or any other period). Significant estimates and assumptions in these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include:

product warranty reserves,
inventory valuation,
revenue recognition,
reserve for expected credit loss,
valuation of goodwill, intangible and long-lived assets,
recognition, measurement and valuation of current and deferred income taxes,
stock-based compensation, and
recognition and measurement of contingencies and accrued litigation expense.

Actual results could differ materially from those estimates.

Segment Information

Our operations are comprised of 2 reportable segments: the manufacture and sale of conducted electrical devices ("CEDs"), batteries, accessories, extended warranties and other products and services (the “TASER” segment); and the development, manufacture, and sale of software and sensors, which includes the sale of devices, wearables, applications, cloud and mobile products, and services (collectively, the “Software and Sensors” segment). In both segments, we report sales of products and services. Service revenue in both segments includes sales related to Axon

5

Table of Contents

AXON ENTERPRISE, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)

Evidence. In the Software and Sensors segment, service revenue also includes other recurring cloud-hosted software revenue and related professional services. Collectively, this revenue is sometimes referred to as "Axon Cloud revenue."  

Reportable segments are determined based on discrete financial information reviewed by our Chief Executive Officer who is our chief operating decision maker ("CODM"). We organize and review operations based on products and services, and currently there are no operating segments that are aggregated. We perform an analysis of our reportable segments at least annually. Additional information related to our business segments is summarized in Note 13.

Geographic Information and Major Customers / Suppliers

For the three months ended March 31, 2021, 0 individual country outside the U.S. represented more than 10% of total net sales. Individual sales transactions in the international market are generally larger and occur more intermittently than in the domestic market due to the profile of our customers. For the three months ended March 31, 2021, 0 customer represented more than 10% of total net sales. At March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, 0 customer represented more than 10% of the aggregate balance of accounts and notes receivable and contract assets.

We currently purchase both off the shelf and custom components, including, but not limited to, finished circuit boards, injection-molded plastic components, small machined parts, custom cartridge components, electronic components, and off the shelf sub-assemblies from suppliers located in the U.S., Canada, China, Israel, Republic of Korea, Mexico, Sri Lanka, and Taiwan. Although we currently obtain many of these components from single source suppliers, we own the injection molded component tooling, most of the designs, and the test fixtures used in their production for all custom components. As a result, we believe we could obtain alternative suppliers in most cases without incurring significant production delays. We also strategically hold safety stock levels on custom components to further reduce this risk. For off the shelf components, we believe that in most cases there are readily available alternative suppliers who can consistently meet our needs for these components. We acquire most of our components on a purchase order basis and do not have any significant long-term contracts with component suppliers.

Income per Common Share

Basic income per common share is computed by dividing net income by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the periods presented. Diluted income per share reflects the potential dilution from outstanding stock options and unvested restricted stock units. The calculation of the weighted average number of shares outstanding and earnings per share are as follows (in thousands except per share data):

Three Months Ended March 31, 

    

2021

    

2020

Numerator for basic and diluted earnings per share:

 

  

 

  

Net income (loss)

$

(47,917)

$

4,074

Denominator:

 

  

 

  

Weighted average shares outstanding

 

64,036

 

59,609

Dilutive effect of stock-based awards

 

 

785

Diluted weighted average shares outstanding

 

64,036

 

60,394

Anti-dilutive stock-based awards excluded

 

12,234

 

12,161

Net income (loss) per common share:

 

 

  

Basic

$

(0.75)

$

0.07

Diluted

$

(0.75)

$

0.07

6

Table of Contents

AXON ENTERPRISE, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)

Standard Warranties

We warranty our CEDs, Axon cameras and certain related accessories from manufacturing defects on a limited basis for a period of one year after purchase and, thereafter, will repair or replace any defective unit for a fee. Estimated costs for the standard warranty are charged to cost of products sold when revenue is recorded for the related product. Future warranty costs are estimated based on historical data related to warranty claims and this rate is applied to current product sales. Historically, reserve amounts have been increased if management becomes aware of a component failure or other issue that could result in larger than anticipated warranty claims from customers. The warranty reserve is reviewed quarterly to verify that it sufficiently reflects the remaining warranty obligations based on the anticipated expenditures over the balance of the warranty obligation period, and adjustments are made when actual warranty claim experience differs from estimates. The warranty reserve is included in accrued liabilities on the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets.

Changes in our estimated product warranty liabilities were as follows (in thousands):

Three Months Ended March 31, 

    

2021

2020

Balance, beginning of period

$

769

$

1,476

Utilization of reserve

 

(231)

 

(171)

Warranty expense (benefit)

 

406

 

(85)

Balance, end of period

$

944

$

1,220

Fair Value Measurements and Financial Instruments

We use the fair value framework that prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques for measuring financial assets and liabilities measured on a recurring basis and for non-financial assets and liabilities when these items are re-measured. Fair value is considered to be the exchange price in an orderly transaction between market participants, to sell an asset or transfer a liability at the measurement date. The hierarchy below lists three levels of fair value based on the extent to which inputs used in measuring fair value are observable in the market. We categorize each of our fair value measurements in one of these three levels based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement in its entirety. These levels are:

 

Level 1 – Valuation techniques in which all significant inputs are unadjusted quoted prices from active markets for assets or liabilities that are identical to the assets or liabilities being measured.
Level 2 – Valuation techniques in which significant inputs include quoted prices from active markets for assets or liabilities that are similar to the assets or liabilities being measured and/or quoted prices for assets or liabilities that are identical or similar to the assets or liabilities being measured from markets that are not active. Also, model-derived valuations in which all significant inputs and significant value drivers are observable in active markets are Level 2 valuation techniques.
Level 3 – Valuation techniques in which one or more significant inputs or significant value drivers are unobservable. Unobservable inputs are valuation technique inputs that reflect our own assumptions about inputs that market participants would use in pricing an asset or liability.

We have cash equivalents and investments, which at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 were comprised of money market funds, certificates of deposit, commercial paper, corporate bonds, municipal bonds, U.S. Government agency bonds, U.S. Treasury bills, and U.S. Treasury inflation-protected securities. Also included in cash equivalents and investments at December 31, 2020 were U.S. Treasury repurchase agreements. See additional disclosure regarding the fair value of our cash equivalents and investments in Note 3. Included in the balance of other assets as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 was $4.8 million and $4.7 million, respectively, related to corporate-owned life insurance policies

7

Table of Contents

AXON ENTERPRISE, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)

which are used to fund our deferred compensation plan. We determine the fair value of insurance contracts by obtaining the cash surrender value of the contracts from the issuer, a Level 2 valuation technique.

We have strategic investments in three unconsolidated affiliates, which are included within other assets. The estimated fair value of the investments was determined based on Level 3 inputs. As of March 31, 2021, management estimated that the fair value of the investments equaled the carrying value.

Our financial instruments also include accounts and notes receivable, accounts payable and accrued liabilities. Due to the short-term nature of these instruments, their fair values approximate their carrying values on the balance sheet.

Restricted Cash

Restricted cash balances as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 included $0.1 million primarily related to funds held in an international bank account for a country in which we are required to maintain a minimum balance to operate. Approximately half of the balance was included in prepaid expenses and other current assets on our condensed consolidated balance sheets, with the remainder included in other assets.

Valuation of Goodwill, Intangibles and Long-lived Assets

We evaluate whether events and circumstances have occurred that indicate the remaining estimated useful life of long-lived assets and identifiable intangible assets, excluding goodwill and intangible assets with indefinite useful lives, may warrant revision or that the remaining balance of these assets may not be recoverable. Such circumstances could include, but are not limited to, a change in the product mix, a change in the way products are created, produced or delivered, or a significant change in the way products are branded and marketed. In performing the review for recoverability, we estimate the future undiscounted cash flows expected to result from the use of the assets and their eventual disposition. The amount of the impairment loss, if impairment exists, is calculated based on the excess of the carrying amounts of the assets over their estimated fair value computed using discounted cash flows.

We do not amortize goodwill and intangible assets with indefinite useful lives; rather such assets are required to be tested for impairment at least annually or sooner whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the assets may be impaired. We perform our annual goodwill and intangible asset impairment tests in the fourth quarter of each year.

Recently Issued Accounting Guidance

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

In December 2019, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2019-12, Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes. Adoption of this ASU on January 1, 2021 did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

In January 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-01, Investments – Equity Securities (Topic 321), Investments – Equity Method and Joint Ventures (Topic 323), and Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815) – Clarifying the Interactions Between Topic 321, Topic 323, and Topic 815 (a Consensus of the Emerging Issues Task Force). The guidance clarifies the interaction between ASU 2016-01, Financial Instruments – Overall (Subtopic 825-10): Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities and the ASU on equity method investments. ASU 2016-01 provides companies with an alternative to measure certain equity securities without a readily determinable fair value at cost, minus impairment, if any, unless an observable transaction for an identical or similar security occurs. ASU 2020-01 clarifies that for purposes of applying the Topic 321 measurement alternative, an entity should consider observable transactions that require it to either apply or discontinue the equity method of accounting under Topic 323, immediately before applying or upon discontinuing the equity method. In addition, the new ASU provides direction that a company should not consider

8

Table of Contents

AXON ENTERPRISE, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)

whether the underlying securities would be accounted for under the equity method or the fair value option when it is determining the accounting for certain forward contracts and purchased options, upon either settlement or exercise. Adoption of this ASU on January 1, 2021 did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

Reclassification of Prior Year Presentation

Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified for consistency with the current year presentation. These reclassifications are not material and had no effect on the reported results of operations.

2. Revenues

Nature of Products and Services

The following tables present our revenues by primary product and service offering (in thousands):

Three Months Ended March 31, 2021

Three Months Ended March 31, 2020

    

    

Software and

    

    

    

Software and

    

TASER

Sensors

Total

TASER

Sensors

Total

TASER 7

$

33,991

$

$

33,991

$

15,326

$

0

$

15,326

TASER X26P

 

9,963

 

 

9,963

 

11,061

 

0

 

11,061

TASER X2

 

12,778

 

 

12,778

 

14,075

 

0

 

14,075

TASER Pulse

 

2,205

 

 

2,205

 

1,200

 

0

 

1,200

Cartridges

 

30,418

 

 

30,418

 

26,625

 

0

 

26,625

Axon Body

 

 

19,756

 

19,756

 

0

 

12,823

 

12,823

Axon Flex

 

 

905

 

905

 

0

 

1,183

 

1,183

Axon Fleet

 

 

3,763

 

3,763

 

0

 

4,775

 

4,775

Axon Dock

 

 

6,920

 

6,920

 

0

 

4,951

 

4,951

Axon Evidence and cloud services

 

1,396

 

52,294

 

53,690

 

498

 

39,154

 

39,652

Extended warranties

 

5,646

 

7,500

 

13,146

 

4,977

 

5,458

 

10,435

Other

 

2,602

 

4,882

 

7,484

 

2,133

 

2,923

 

5,056

Total

$

98,999

$

96,020

$

195,019

$

75,895

$

71,267

$

147,162

The following table presents our revenues disaggregated by geography (in thousands):

Three Months Ended March 31, 

2021

2020

United States

    

$

160,386

    

82

%  

$

117,463

    

80

%  

Other countries

 

34,633

 

18

 

29,699

 

20

Total

$

195,019

 

100

%  

$

147,162

 

100

%  

9

Table of Contents

AXON ENTERPRISE, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)

Contract Balances

The following table presents our contract assets, contract liabilities and certain information related to these balances as of and for the three months ended March 31, 2021 (in thousands):

    

March 31, 2021

Contract assets, net

$

98,813

Contract liabilities (deferred revenue)

 

281,193

Revenue recognized in the period from:

 

  

Amounts included in contract liabilities at the beginning of the period

 

63,871

Contract liabilities (deferred revenue) consisted of the following (in thousands):

March 31, 2021

December 31, 2020

    

Current

    

Long-Term

    

Total

    

Current

    

Long-Term

    

Total

Warranty:

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

TASER

$

10,501

$

16,486

$

26,987

$

11,635

$

16,953

$

28,588

Software and Sensors

 

14,432

 

5,322

 

19,754

 

13,926

 

5,025

 

18,951

 

24,933

 

21,808

 

46,741

 

25,561

 

21,978

 

47,539

Hardware:

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

TASER

 

16,040

 

15,024

 

31,064

 

16,314

 

14,304

 

30,618

Software and Sensors

 

23,723

 

51,265

 

74,988

 

25,181

 

50,981

 

76,162

 

39,763

 

66,289

 

106,052

 

41,495

 

65,285

 

106,780

Services:

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

TASER

 

969

 

1,997

 

2,966

 

996

 

1,554

 

2,550

Software and Sensors

 

99,421

 

26,013

 

125,434

 

95,907

 

22,405

 

118,312

100,390

28,010

128,400

96,903

23,959

120,862

Total

$

165,086

$

116,107

$

281,193

$

163,959

$

111,222

$

275,181

March 31, 2021

December 31, 2020

    

Current

    

Long-Term

    

Total

    

Current

    

Long-Term

    

Total

TASER

$

27,510

$

33,507

$

61,017

$

28,945

$

32,811

$

61,756

Software and Sensors

 

137,576

 

82,600

 

220,176

 

135,014

 

78,411

 

213,425

Total

$

165,086

$

116,107

$

281,193

$

163,959

$

111,222

$

275,181

Remaining Performance Obligations

As of March 31, 2021, we had approximately $1.79 billion of remaining performance obligations, which included both recognized contract liabilities as well as amounts that will be invoiced and recognized in future periods. The remaining performance obligations are limited only to arrangements that meet the definition of a contract under Topic 606 as of March 31, 2021. We expect to recognize between 20% - 25% of this balance over the next twelve months, and generally expect the remainder to be recognized over the following five to seven years, subject to risks related to delayed deployments, budget appropriation or other contract cancellation clauses.

10

Table of Contents

AXON ENTERPRISE, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)

3. Cash, Cash Equivalents and Investments

The following tables summarize our cash, cash equivalents, and held-to-maturity investments at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 (in thousands):

As of March 31, 2021

    

    

Gross

    

Gross

    

  

  

Cash and

    

    

Amortized

Unrealized

Unrealized

Cash

Short-Term

Long-Term

Cost

Gains

Losses

Fair Value

Equivalents

Investments

Investments

Cash

$

137,003

$

$

$

137,003

$

137,003

$

$

Level 1:

 

 

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

Money market funds

 

16,819

 

 

 

16,819

 

16,819

 

 

Agency bonds

 

73,996

 

94

 

 

74,090

 

 

45,995

 

28,001

Treasury bills

104,184

13

104,197

104,184

Subtotal

 

194,999

 

107

 

 

195,106

 

16,819

 

150,179

 

28,001

Level 2:

 

State and municipal obligations

 

83,086

12

(30)

83,068

74,295

8,791

Certificates of deposit

500

500

500

Corporate bonds

186,406

140

(81)

186,465

1,002

143,712

41,692

Treasury inflation-protected securities

 

3,310

7

3,317

3,310

Commercial paper

 

68,961

68,961

68,961

Subtotal

 

342,263

159

(111)

342,311

1,002

290,778

50,483

Total

$

674,265

$

266

$

(111)

$

674,420

$

154,824

$

440,957

$

78,484

Because we do not have any history of losses for our held-to-maturity investments, our expected credit loss allowance methodology for held-to-maturity investments is developed using published or estimated credit default rates for similar investments and current and future economic and market conditions. At March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, our credit loss reserve for held-to-maturity investments was approximately $0.1 million and $0.1 million, respectively.

11

Table of Contents

AXON ENTERPRISE, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)

As of December 31, 2020

    

    

Gross

    

Gross

    

  

  

Cash and

    

    

Amortized

Unrealized

Unrealized

Cash

Short-Term

Long-Term

Cost

Gains

Losses

Fair Value

Equivalents

Investments

Investments

Cash

$

116,107

$

$

0

$

116,107

$

116,107

$

0

$

Level 1:

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

Money market funds

 

23,611

 

 

0

 

23,611

 

23,611

 

0

 

Agency bonds

 

63,794

 

122

 

0

 

63,916

 

0

 

23,794

 

40,000

Treasury Bills

96,384

6

0

96,390

96,384

Subtotal

 

183,789

 

128

 

0

 

183,917

 

23,611

 

120,178

 

40,000

Level 2:

State and municipal obligations

77,130

25

(28)

77,127

0

66,519

10,611

Certificates of deposit

500

0

500

0

500

Corporate bonds

212,825

232

(100)

212,957

2,525

170,205

40,095

U.S. Treasury repurchase agreements

13,200

0

13,200

13,200

0

Treasury inflation-protected securities

3,291

16

0

3,307

0

3,291

Commercial paper

45,974

0

45,974

45,974

Subtotal

352,920

273

(128)

353,065

15,725

286,489

50,706

Total

$

652,816

$

401

$

(128)

$

653,089

$

155,443

$

406,667

$

90,706

4. Expected Credit Losses

We are exposed to credit losses primarily through sales of products and services. Our expected loss allowance methodology for accounts receivable, notes receivable, and contract assets is developed using historical collection experience, published or estimated credit default rates for entities that represent our customer base, current and future economic and market conditions and a review of the current status of customers' trade accounts receivables. Additionally, specific allowance amounts are established to record the appropriate provision for customers that have a higher probability of default. Our monitoring activities include account reconciliation, dispute resolution, payment confirmation, consideration of customers' financial condition and macroeconomic conditions. Balances are written off when determined to be uncollectible.

We considered the current and expected future economic and market conditions surrounding the COVID-19 pandemic and recorded an additional reserve for credit loss of approximately $0.8 million as of March 31, 2021.

We review receivables for U.S. and international customers separately to better reflect different published credit default rates and economic and market conditions.

12

Table of Contents

AXON ENTERPRISE, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)

The following table provides a roll-forward of the allowance for expected credit losses that is deducted from the amortized cost basis of accounts receivable, notes receivable, and contract assets to present the net amount expected to be collected (in thousands):

    

Three Months Ended March 31, 2021

United States

Other countries

Total

Balance, beginning of period

$

2,902

$

474

$

3,376

Provision for expected credit losses

(99)

(205)

(304)

Amounts written off charged against the allowance

(39)

-

(39)

Other, including foreign currency translation

134

1

135

Balance, end of period

$

2,898

$

270

$

3,168

As of March 31, 2021, the allowance for expected credit losses for each type of customer receivable was as follows:

March 31, 

December 31, 

    

2021

2020

Accounts receivable and notes receivable, current

$

1,796

$

2,105

Contract assets, net

 

991

 

794

Long-term notes receivable, net of current portion

 

381

 

477

Total allowance for expected credit losses on customer receivables

$

3,168

$

3,376

5. Inventory

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost is determined using the weighted average cost of raw materials, which approximates the first-in, first-out (“FIFO”) method and includes allocations of manufacturing labor and overhead. Provisions are made to reduce excess, obsolete or slow-moving inventories to their net realizable value. Inventory consisted of the following at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 (in thousands):

    

March 31, 2021

    

December 31, 2020

Raw materials

$

33,918

$

39,194

Finished goods

 

55,739

 

50,764

Total inventory

$

89,657

$

89,958

6. Other Long-Term Assets

Other long-term assets consisted of the following at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 (in thousands):

    

March 31, 2021

    

December 31, 2020

Cash surrender value of corporate-owned life insurance policies

$

4,806

$

4,654

Deferred commissions (1)

 

32,337

 

32,455

Restricted cash

 

59

 

62

Operating lease assets

 

23,168

 

22,308

Strategic investments (2)

29,500

9,500

Warrants for strategic investment (3)

2,211

2,211

Prepaid expenses, deposits and other

 

10,839

 

8,727

Total other long-term assets

$

102,920

$

79,917

(1)Represents the incremental costs of obtaining contracts with customers, which consist primarily of sales commissions. These costs are ascribed to or allocated to the underlying performance obligations in the contracts and amortized consistent with the recognition timing of the revenue for the underlying performance obligations.

13

Table of Contents

AXON ENTERPRISE, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)

(2)Strategic investments include investments in non-public technology-driven companies. We account for strategic investments under the ASC 321 measurement alternative for equity securities without readily determinable fair values, as there are no quoted market prices for the investment. The investments are measured at cost less impairment, adjusted for observable price changes and is assessed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. As of March 31, 2021, 0 impairment was recorded for the investments. We did not recognize any adjustments to the recorded cost bases during the three months ended March 31, 2021. We have recognized an increase of $2.4 million in the cost bases since our initial investment.

During the three months ended March 31, 2021, we made a $20.0 million minority investment in RapidSOS, Inc.

(3)In conjunction with our strategic investment in and commercial partnership with Flock Group Inc., we have the ability to commit additional capital over time through warrants where the exercisability and exercise prices are conditional on the achievement of certain partnership performance metrics. The amount reflected in other assets represents the fair value of the preferred stock warrants, as adjusted for observable price changes of $0.4 million during the quarter ended December 31, 2020.

7. Accrued Liabilities

Accrued liabilities consisted of the following at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 (in thousands):

    

March 31, 2021

    

December 31, 2020

Accrued salaries, benefits and bonus

$

21,880

$

36,892

Accrued professional, consulting and lobbying fees

 

1,318

 

3,055

Accrued warranty expense

 

944

 

769

Accrued income and other taxes

 

2,482

 

3,848

Accrued inventory in transit

4,696

4,597

Other accrued expenses

 

9,777

 

10,682

Accrued liabilities

$

41,097

$

59,843

8. Income Taxes

We file income tax returns for federal purposes and in many states, as well as in multiple foreign jurisdictions. Our tax filings remain subject to examination by applicable tax authorities for a certain length of time, generally three to four years, following the tax year to which these filings relate. During the second quarter of 2020 we began an audit with the State of California for our fiscal year 2016 and 2017 state tax returns, which is currently in the final closing phase. During the first quarter of 2021, we were notified that an audit with the State of Illinois for our fiscal year 2018 will commence during the second quarter of 2021. Additionally, we have been notified that an audit may commence for Axon Public Safety Southeast Asia LLC, our entity in Vietnam. The tax period has not yet been defined.

On March 11, 2021, the U.S. federal government enacted the American Rescue Plan Act. This act is an emergency economic stimulus package in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, which, among other things, contains numerous income tax provisions. We are continuing to evaluate the implications of the American Rescue Plan Act, but its impact on the financial statements and related disclosures is not expected to be material.

Deferred Tax Assets

Net deferred income tax assets at March 31, 2021, primarily include R&D tax credits, stock-based compensation expense, deferred revenue, accruals and reserves, and net operating losses, partially offset by accelerated depreciation expense and valuation allowance reserve. Our total net deferred tax assets at March 31, 2021 were $45.7 million.

14

Table of Contents

AXON ENTERPRISE, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)

In preparing our condensed consolidated financial statements, management assesses the likelihood that its deferred tax assets will be realized from future taxable income. In evaluating our ability to recover our deferred income tax assets, management considers all available positive and negative evidence, including our operating results, ongoing tax planning and forecasts of future taxable income on a jurisdiction by jurisdiction basis. A valuation allowance is established if it is determined that it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the net deferred tax assets will not be realized. Management exercises significant judgment in determining our provisions for income taxes, our deferred tax assets and liabilities, and our future taxable income for purposes of assessing our ability to utilize any future tax benefit from our deferred tax assets.

As of March 31, 2021, we continue to demonstrate three-year cumulative pre-tax income in the U.S. federal and state tax jurisdictions; however, we have Arizona R&D tax credits expiring unutilized each year. Therefore, management has concluded that it is more likely than not that our Arizona R&D deferred tax asset will not be realized.

In Australia, we have determined that sufficient deferred tax liabilities will reverse in order to realize all assets except one long-lived intangible where there is not an expectation that the asset may be realized. Therefore, we have recorded a partial valuation allowance for Australia.

We complete R&D tax credit studies for each year that an R&D tax credit is claimed for federal, Arizona, and California income tax purposes. Management has made the determination that it is more likely than not that the full benefit of the R&D tax credit will not be sustained on examination and recorded a liability for unrecognized tax benefits of $7.2 million as of March 31, 2021. Should the unrecognized benefit of $7.2 million be recognized, our effective tax rate would be favorably impacted. Approximately $2.7 million of the unrecognized tax benefit associated with R&D credits has been netted against the R&D deferred tax asset.

Effective Tax Rate

Our overall effective tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2021, after discrete period adjustments, was 3.5%. Before discrete adjustments, the tax rate was (20.5%), which differs from the federal statutory rate, primarily due to the impact of the executive compensation limitation under Internal Revenue Code ("IRC") Section 162(m), partially offset by R&D tax credits, on a projected pre-tax loss for the year. The effective tax rate was favorably impacted by an $11.7 million discrete tax benefit primarily associated with windfalls related to stock-based compensation for restricted stock units (“RSUs”) or performance stock units (“PSUs”) that vested during the three months ended March 31, 2021.

9. Stockholders’ Equity

Performance-based stock awards

We have issued performance-based stock options and performance-based RSUs, the vesting of which is generally contingent upon the achievement of certain performance criteria related to our operating performance, as well as successful and timely development and market acceptance of future product introductions. In addition, certain of the performance RSUs have additional service requirements subsequent to the achievement of the performance criteria. Compensation expense is recognized over the requisite service period, which is defined as the longest explicit, implicit or derived service period based on management’s estimate of the probability of the performance criteria being satisfied, adjusted at each balance sheet date. For both service-based and performance-based RSUs, we account for forfeitures as they occur as a reduction to stock-based compensation expense and additional paid-in-capital.

For performance-based options with a vesting schedule based entirely on the attainment of both performance and market conditions, stock-based compensation expense is recognized for each pair of performance and market conditions over the longer of the expected achievement period of the performance and market conditions, beginning at the point in time that the relevant performance condition is considered probable of achievement. The fair value of such awards is estimated on the grant date using Monte Carlo simulations.

15

Table of Contents

AXON ENTERPRISE, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)

CEO Performance Award

On May 24, 2018, our stockholders approved the Board of Directors’ grant of 6,365,856 stock option awards to Patrick W. Smith, our CEO (the “CEO Performance Award”). The CEO Performance Award consists of 12 vesting tranches with a vesting schedule based entirely on the attainment of both operational goals (performance conditions) and market capitalization goals (market conditions), assuming continued employment either as the CEO or as both Executive Chairman and Chief Product Officer and service through each attainment date. Each of the 12 vesting tranches of the CEO Performance Award have a 10-year contractual term and will vest upon certification by the Board of Directors that both (i) the market capitalization goal for such tranche, which begins at $2.5 billion for the first tranche and increases by increments of $1.0 billion thereafter, and (ii) any one of the following 8 operational goals focused on revenue or 8 operational goals focused on Adjusted EBITDA have been met for the previous four consecutive fiscal quarters. Adjusted EBITDA for purposes of the CEO Performance Award ("Adjusted EBITDA (CEO Performance Award)") is defined as net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders before interest expense,  investment interest income, provision (benefit) for income taxes, depreciation and amortization, and stock-based compensation expense.

    

Eight Separate Adjusted EBITDA (CEO 

Eight Separate Revenue Goals (1)

Performance Award) Goals

(in thousands)

(in thousands)

Goal #1, $710,058

 

Goal #9, $125,000

Goal #2, $860,058

 

Goal #10, $155,000

Goal #3, $1,010,058

 

Goal #11, $175,000

Goal #4, $1,210,058

 

Goal #12, $190,000

Goal #5, $1,410,058

 

Goal #13, $200,000

Goal #6, $1,610,058

 

Goal #14, $210,000

Goal #7, $1,810,058

 

Goal #15, $220,000

Goal #8, $2,010,058

 

Goal #16, $230,000

(1)In connection with the business acquisition that was completed during the three months ended June 30, 2018, the revenue goals were adjusted for the acquiree’s Target Revenue, as defined in the CEO Performance Award agreement.

As of March 31, 2021, the following operational goals were achieved, with vesting of the related tranche pending certification by the Compensation Committee:

Adjusted EBITDA (CEO Performance Award) of $155.0 million
Total revenue of $710.1 million

As of March 31, 2021, the following operational goals were considered probable of achievement:

Total revenue of $860.1 million, $1,010.1 million, and $1,210.1 million; and
Adjusted EBITDA (CEO Performance Award) of $175.0 million, $190.0 million, $200.0 million, $210.0 million, $220.0 million, and $230.0 million.

The operational goal of $125.0 million Adjusted EBITDA (CEO Performance Award) was previously achieved and the related options vested in March 2021.

Stock-based compensation expense associated with the CEO Performance Award is recognized over the requisite service period, which is defined as the longest explicit, implicit or derived service period, based on management’s estimate of the probability and timing of the performance criteria being satisfied, adjusted at each balance sheet date. Expense recognition begins at the point in time when the relevant operational goal is considered probable of being met. The

16

Table of Contents

AXON ENTERPRISE, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)

probability of attaining an operational goal and the expected attainment date for meeting a probable operational goal are based on a subjective assessment of our forward-looking financial projections, taking into consideration statistical analysis. The statistical model and the assessment that determine the estimated attainment dates are subject to a number of estimated inputs, including expected volatility rates, management’s forward-looking financial projections, in particular for operational goals that are anticipated to be attained in the near future, and adjustment of other estimates based on the passage of time. During the period we recorded an additional $51.4 million in stock-based compensation expense as a result of updated estimates for the CEO Performance Award and eXponential Stock Performance Plan (discussed below).

The first seven market capitalization goals have been achieved as of March 31, 2021. As of March 31, 2021, 0.5 million stock options have vested. As all twelve operational goals are considered probable of achievement, we recorded stock-based compensation expense of $132.4 million related to the CEO Performance Award from the Grant Date through March 31, 2021. The number of stock options that would vest related to the remaining unvested tranches is approximately 5.8 million shares. As of March 31, 2021, we had $113.6 million of total unrecognized stock-based compensation expense for the performance goals that were considered probable of achievement, which will be recognized over a weighted-average period of 3.17 years.

eXponential Stock Performance Plan

On February 12, 2019, our shareholders approved the 2019 Stock Incentive Plan (the “2019 Plan”), which was adopted by the Board of Directors to reserve a sufficient number of shares to facilitate our eXponential Stock Performance Plan (“XSPP”) and grants of eXponential Stock Units (“XSUs”) under the plan. Initial awards under the plan were granted in January 2019, with additional employee awards granted since that date. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, and 2020 we granted an additional 10 thousand and forty three thousand XSUs, respectively.

The XSUs are grants of RSUs, each with a term of approximately nine years, that vest in 12 equal tranches. Each of the 12 tranches will vest upon certification by the Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors that both (i) the market capitalization goal for such tranche, which begins at $2.5 billion for the first tranche and increases by increments of $1.0 billion thereafter, and (ii) any one of 8 operational goals focused on revenue or 8 operational goals focused on Adjusted EBITDA (CEO Performance Award) have been met for the previous four consecutive fiscal quarters.

The XSPP contains an anti-dilution provision incorporated into the plan based on shareholder feedback, which affects the calculation of the market capitalization goals in the plan. The plan defines a maximum number of shares outstanding that may be used in the calculation of the market capitalization goals (the “XSU Maximum”). If the actual number of shares outstanding exceeds the XSU Maximum guardrail, then the lower pre-defined number of shares in the XSU Maximum, rather than the higher actual number of shares outstanding, is used to calculate market capitalization for the determination of the market capitalization goals in the XSPP, which, together with the operational goals, determines whether XSUs vest for participating employees.

The XSU Maximum is defined as the actual number of shares outstanding on the original XSU grant date of January 2, 2019, increased by a 3% annual rate over the term of the XSPP and by shares issued upon the exercise of CEO Performance Award options. The XSU Maximum is also adjusted for acquisitions, spin-offs or other changes in the number of outstanding shares of common stock, if such changes have a corresponding adjustment on the market capitalization goals.

New shares issued for any other reasons, including shares issued upon vesting of XSUs, RSUs, and Performance Stock Units (“PSUs”) as well as shares issued to raise capital through equity issuances or in other transactions, do not increase the XSU Maximum.

The market capitalization and operational goals are identical to the CEO Performance Award, but a different number of shares is used to calculate the market capitalization goals if shares outstanding exceed the XSU Maximum. Additionally, because the grant date is different than that of the CEO Performance Award, the measurement period for

17

Table of Contents

AXON ENTERPRISE, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)

market capitalization is not identical. As of March 31, 2021, actual shares outstanding exceeded the XSU Maximum as a result of the common stock offering completed in June 2020. Accordingly, market capitalization as calculated for the purposes of achieving additional goals uses the lower XSU Maximum share amount rather than actual shares outstanding.

The first six market capitalization goals have been achieved as of March 31, 2021, and the seventh market capitalization goal was achieved in April 2021. The first XSU tranche vested in March 2021. As all twelve operational goals are considered probable of achievement, we recorded stock-based compensation expense of $94.8 million related to the XSU awards from their respective grant dates through March 31, 2021. The number of XSU awards that would vest related to the remaining eleven tranches is approximately 4.9 million shares. As of March 31, 2021, we had $96.7 million of total unrecognized stock-based compensation expense, which will be recognized over a weighted-average period of 3.00 years.

Restricted Stock Units

The following table summarizes RSU activity for the three months ended March 31, 2021 (number of units and aggregate intrinsic value in thousands):

    

Number of

    

Weighted Average

    

Aggregate

Units

Grant-Date Fair Value

Intrinsic Value

Units outstanding, beginning of year

 

1,107

$

76.10

 

  

Granted

 

57

 

152.58

 

  

Released

 

(184)

 

47.57

 

  

Forfeited

 

(25)

 

91.87

 

  

Units outstanding, end of period

 

955

 

85.76

$

136,019

Aggregate intrinsic value represents our closing stock price on the last trading day of the period, which was $142.42 per share, multiplied by the number of RSUs outstanding. As of March 31, 2021, there was $64.3 million in unrecognized compensation costs related to RSUs under our stock plans for shares that are expected to vest. We expect to recognize the cost related to the RSUs over a weighted average period of 2.22 years. RSUs are released when vesting requirements are met.

Certain RSUs that vested in the three months ended March 31, 2021 were net-share settled such that we withheld shares to cover the employees’ tax obligation for the applicable income and other employment taxes, and remitted the cash to the appropriate taxing authorities. Total shares withheld related to RSUs were less than 0.1 million and had a value of $6.9 million on their respective vesting dates as determined by the closing stock price on such dates. Payments for the employees’ tax obligations are reflected as a financing activity within the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows. We record a liability for the tax withholding to be paid by us as a reduction to additional paid-in capital.

Performance Stock Units

The following table summarizes PSU activity, inclusive of XSUs, for the three months ended March 31, 2021 (number of units and aggregate intrinsic value in thousands):

    

Number of

    

Weighted Average

    

Aggregate

Units

Grant-Date Fair Value

Intrinsic Value

Units outstanding, beginning of year

 

5,618

$

35.71

 

  

Granted

 

190

 

43.83

 

  

Released

 

(765)

 

37.61

 

  

Forfeited

 

(41)

 

34.70

 

  

Units outstanding, end of period

 

5,002

 

35.74

$

712,357

18

Table of Contents

AXON ENTERPRISE, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)

Aggregate intrinsic value represents our closing stock price on the last trading day of the period, which was $142.42 per share, multiplied by the number of PSUs outstanding. As of March 31, 2021, there was $100.7 million in unrecognized compensation costs related to PSUs under our stock plans for shares that are expected to vest. We expect to recognize the cost related to the PSUs over a weighted average period of 2.98 years. PSUs are released when vesting requirements are met.

As of March 31, 2021, the performance criteria had been met for approximately 0.9 million of the 5.0 million PSUs outstanding.

On March 8, 2021, the Compensation Committee of our Board of Directors approved a one-time waiver of the holding period requirements for each XSPP participant who elected to receive XSUs in lieu of On-Target Earnings and is an Arizona resident. This waiver allows participants to sell a portion of their vested shares to satisfy income tax obligations pursuant to Arizona Proposition 208 which was passed in November 2020. Such one-time waiver applied only to 4% of the XSUs for the impacted participants which vested on March 8, 2021, which was approximately 13 thousand shares. We accounted for this change as a Type I modification under ASC 718 since there was no impact on attainment of the operational or market capitalization goals. We recognized additional stock-based compensation expense of $0.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021.

Certain PSUs that vested in the three months ended March 31, 2021 were net-share settled such that we withheld shares to cover the employees’ tax obligation for the applicable income and other employment taxes, and remitted the cash to the appropriate taxing authorities. Total shares withheld related to PSUs were approximately 2 thousand and had a value of $0.1 million on their respective vesting dates as determined by the closing stock price on such dates. Payments for the employees’ tax obligations are reflected as a financing activity within the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows. We record a liability for the tax withholding to be paid by us as a reduction to additional paid-in capital.

Stock Option Activity

The following table summarizes stock option activity for the three months ended March 31, 2021 (number of units and aggregate intrinsic value in thousands):

    

    

    

Weighted

    

Weighted

Average

Number

Average

Remaining

of

Exercise

Contractual

Aggregate

Options

Price

Life (years)

Intrinsic Value

Options outstanding, beginning of year

 

6,366

$

28.58

 

  

 

  

Granted

 

 

 

  

 

  

Exercised

 

 

 

  

 

  

Expired / terminated

 

 

 

 

  

Options outstanding, end of period

 

6,366

 

28.58

 

6.91

$

724,689

Options exercisable, end of period

 

1,591

 

28.58

 

6.91

 

181,172

Aggregate intrinsic value represents the difference between the exercise price of the underlying stock option awards and the closing market price of our common stock of $142.42 on March 31, 2021. There were 0 options exercised for the three months ended March 31, 2021. The intrinsic value of options exercised for the three months ended March 31, 2020 was $0.3 million. As of March 31, 2021, total options outstanding included 4.8 million unvested performance-based stock options, which relate to the CEO Performance Award and are probable of achievement.

19

Table of Contents

AXON ENTERPRISE, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)

Stock-based Compensation Expense

The following table summarizes the composition of stock-based compensation expense for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 (in thousands):

Three Months Ended March 31, 

    

2021

    

2020

Cost of products sold and services delivered

$

1,489

$

590

Sales, general and administrative expenses

 

71,015

 

14,970

Research and development expenses

 

17,106

 

4,635

Total stock-based compensation expense

$

89,610

$

20,195

Stock Incentive Plan

In February 2019, our shareholders approved the 2019 Plan authorizing an additional 6.0 million shares, plus remaining available shares under prior plans, for issuance under the new plan. Combined with the legacy stock incentive plans, there are 1.9 million shares available for grant as of March 31, 2021.

Stock Repurchase Plan

In February 2016, our Board of Directors authorized a stock repurchase program to acquire up to $50.0 million of our outstanding common stock subject to stock market conditions and corporate considerations. During the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, 0 common shares were purchased under the program. As of March 31, 2021, $16.3 million remains available under the plan for future purchases. Any future purchases will be discretionary.

10. Line of Credit

We have a $50.0 million unsecured revolving line of credit with a domestic bank, of which $20.0 million is available for letters of credit. The credit agreement matures on December 31, 2023 and has an accordion feature which allows for an increase in the total line of credit up to $100.0 million, subject to certain conditions, including the availability of additional bank commitments.

At March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, there were 0 borrowings under the line. Under the terms of the line of credit, available borrowings are reduced by outstanding letters of credit. As of March 31, 2021, we had letters of credit outstanding of approximately $6.1 million under the facility and available borrowing of $43.9 million, excluding amounts available under the accordion feature. Advances under the line of credit bear interest at LIBOR plus 1.0 to 1.5% per year determined in accordance with a pricing grid based on our funded debt to earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization ("EBITDA") ratio.

We are required to comply with a maximum funded debt to EBITDA ratio of no greater than 2.50 to 1.00 based upon a trailing four fiscal quarter period. At March 31, 2021, our funded debt to EBITDA ratio was 0.00 to 1.00.

11. Commitments and Contingencies

Product Litigation

As a manufacturer of weapons and other law enforcement tools used in high-risk field environments, we are often the subject of products liability litigation concerning the use of our products.  We are currently named as a defendant in 5 lawsuits (1 pending dismissal) in which the plaintiffs allege either wrongful death or personal injury in situations in which a TASER CED was used by law enforcement officers in connection with arrests or training. While the facts vary

20

Table of Contents

AXON ENTERPRISE, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)

from case to case, these product liability claims typically allege defective product design, manufacturing, and/or failure to warn.  They seek compensatory and sometimes punitive damages, often in unspecified amounts.

We continue to aggressively defend all product litigation. As a general rule, it is our policy not to settle suspect injury or death cases. Exceptions are sometimes made where the settlement is strategically beneficial to us. Due to the confidential nature of our litigation strategy and the confidentiality agreements that are executed in the event of a settlement, we do not identify or comment on specific settlements by case or amount. Based on current information, we do not believe that the outcome of any such legal proceeding will have a material effect on our financial position, results of operations, or cash flows. We are self-insured for the first $5.0 million of any product claim made after 2014. No judgment or settlement has ever exceeded this amount in any products case. We continue to maintain product liability insurance coverage, including an insurance policy fronting arrangement, above our self-insured retention with various limits depending on the policy period.

The litigation information in this note is current through the date of these financial statements.

U.S. Federal Trade Commission Litigation

The U.S. Federal Trade Commission (“FTC”) filed an enforcement action on January 3, 2020 regarding Axon’s May 2018 acquisition of Vievu LLC from Safariland LLC. The FTC alleges the merger was anticompetitive and adversely affected the body worn camera (“BWC”) and digital evidence management systems (“DEMS”) market for “large metropolitan police departments.” Fact and expert discovery is complete.  On October 2, 2020, the Ninth Circuit stayed the administrative hearing set for October 13, 2020 pending decision on Axon’s appeal (see below). If ultimately successful, the FTC may require Axon to divest Vievu and other assets or take other remedial measures, any of which could be material to Axon. We are vigorously defending the matter. At this time, we cannot predict the eventual scope, duration, or outcome of the proceeding and accordingly we have not recorded any liability in the accompanying consolidated financial statements.

Prior to the FTC’s enforcement action, Axon sued the FTC in federal court in the District of Arizona for declaratory and injunctive relief alleging the FTC’s structure and administrative processes violate Article II of the U.S. Constitution and our Fifth Amendment rights to due process and equal protection. On April 8, 2020, the district court dismissed the action, without prejudice, for lack of jurisdiction, requiring Axon to first bring its constitutional claims in the administrative case. The Ninth Circuit affirmed that ruling on January 28, 2021 (No. 20-15662) in a split 2-1 decision and has denied Axon’s petition for rehearing en banc. However, the Court did grant Axon’s motion to stay the appellate mandate pending the filing of its petition for certiorari with the U.S. Supreme Court. That petition must be filed by September 13, 2021. The FTC’s administrative case will remain stayed pending resolution of the Supreme Court proceedings.

In parallel to these matters, we are evaluating strategic alternatives to litigation, which we might pursue if determined to be in the best interests of shareholders and customers. This could include a divestiture of the Vievu entity and/or related assets and the licensure of certain intellectual and other intangible property. While we continue to believe the acquisition of Vievu was lawful and a benefit to Vievu’s customers, the cost, risk and distraction of protracted litigation merit consideration of settlement if achievable on terms agreeable to the FTC and the company.

General

From time to time, we are notified that we may be a party to a lawsuit or that a claim is being made against us. It is our policy to not disclose the specifics of any claim or threatened lawsuit until the summons and complaint are actually served on us. After carefully assessing the claim, and assuming we determine that we are not at fault or we disagree with the damages or relief demanded, we vigorously defend any lawsuit filed against us. We record a liability when losses are deemed probable and reasonably estimable. When losses are deemed reasonably possible but not probable, we determine whether it is possible to provide an estimate of the amount of the loss or range of possible losses for the claim, if material

21

Table of Contents

AXON ENTERPRISE, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)

for disclosure. In evaluating matters for accrual and disclosure purposes, we take into consideration factors such as our historical experience with matters of a similar nature, the specific facts and circumstances asserted, the likelihood of our prevailing, the availability of insurance, and the severity of any potential loss. We reevaluate and update accruals as matters progress over time.

Based on our assessment of outstanding litigation and claims as of March 31, 2021, we have determined that it is not reasonably possible that these lawsuits will individually, or in the aggregate, materially affect our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows. However, the outcome of any litigation is inherently uncertain and there can be no assurance that any expense, liability or damages that may ultimately result from the resolution of these matters will be covered by our insurance or will not be in excess of amounts recognized or provided by insurance coverage and will not have a material adverse effect on our operating results, financial condition or cash flows.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

Under certain circumstances, we use letters of credit and surety bonds to guarantee our performance under various contracts, principally in connection with the installation and integration of Axon cameras and related technologies. Certain of our letters of credit and surety bonds have stated expiration dates with others being released as the contractual performance terms are completed. At March 31, 2021, we had outstanding letters of credit of $6.1 million that are expected to expire in June 2021 and September 2021. We also had outstanding letters of credit and bank guarantees of $2.0 million that do not draw against our credit facility. The outstanding letters of credit are expected to expire in January 2022 and March 2022. Additionally, we had $21.5 million of outstanding surety bonds at March 31, 2021, $0.4 million expiring in 2021, $3.1 million expiring in 2022, $7.5 million expiring in 2023 and the remaining $10.5 million expiring in 2024.

Subsequent Event

On April 8, 2021, we entered into a Share Purchase Agreement with Cellebrite DI Ltd. ("Cellebrite") and Cellebrite’s shareholders, pursuant to which we have agreed to purchase, and Cellebrite has agreed to sell, an aggregate of 9,000,000 shares of common stock of Cellebrite, for a purchase price of $10.00 per share and an aggregate purchase price of $90,000,000. This investment is being made in connection with Cellebrite’s business combination with TWC Tech Holdings II Corp. (“TWC Tech Holdings”), a publicly traded special purpose acquisition company, pursuant to the definitive business combination agreement and plan of merger (the “Business Combination”). The obligations to consummate the transactions contemplated by the Share Purchase Agreement are conditioned upon, among other things, customary closing conditions and the consummation of the Business Combination and other transactions contemplated by the plan of merger between Cellebrite and TWC Tech Holdings.

12. Employee Benefit Plans

We have a defined contribution 401(k) plan for eligible employees, which is qualified under Sections 401(a) and 401(k) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended. Employees are entitled to make tax-deferred contributions of up to the maximum amount allowed by law of their eligible compensation.

We also have a non-qualified deferred compensation plan for certain executives, employees and non-employee directors through which participants may elect to postpone the receipt and taxation of a portion of their compensation, including stock-based compensation, received from us. The non-qualified deferred compensation plan allows eligible participants to defer up to 80% of their base salary and up to 100% of other types of compensation. The plan also allows for matching and discretionary employer contributions. Employee deferrals are deemed 100% vested upon contribution. Distributions from the plan are made upon retirement, death, separation of service, specified date or upon the occurrence of an unforeseeable emergency. Distributions can be paid in a variety of forms from lump sum to installments over a period of years. Participants in the plan are entitled to select from a wide variety of investments available under the plan and are allocated gains or losses based upon the performance of the investments selected by the participant. All gains or losses are allocated fully to plan participants and we do not guarantee a rate of return on deferred balances. Assets related to this plan

22

Table of Contents

AXON ENTERPRISE, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)

consist of corporate-owned life insurance contracts and are included in other assets in the condensed consolidated balance sheets; see Note 6 for balances. Participants have no rights or claims with respect to any plan assets and any such assets are subject to the claims of our general creditors.

Contributions to the plans are made by both the employee and us. Our contributions to the 401(k) plan are based on the level of employee contributions and are immediately vested. Future matching contributions to the plans are at our sole discretion.

We also sponsor defined contribution plans in Australia, Canada, Finland, and the United Kingdom.

Our matching contributions for all defined contribution plans were $2.1 million and $1.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

13. Segment Data

Our operations are comprised of 2 reportable segments: the manufacture and sale of CEDs, batteries, accessories, extended warranties and other products and services (the “TASER” segment); and the software and sensors business, which includes the sale of devices, wearables, applications, cloud and mobile products, and services (collectively, the “Software and Sensors” segment). In both segments, we report sales of products and services. Service revenue in both segments includes sales related to Axon Evidence. In the Software and Sensors segment, service revenue also includes other recurring cloud-hosted software revenue and related professional services. Collectively, this revenue is sometimes referred to as "Axon Cloud revenue." Our Chief Executive Officer, who is the CODM, is not provided asset information or sales, general, and administrative expense by segment.

Information relative to our reportable segments was as follows (in thousands):

Three Months Ended March 31, 2021

Three Months Ended March 31, 2020

Software and 

Software and 

    

TASER

    

Sensors

    

Total

    

TASER

    

Sensors

    

Total

Net sales from products

$

97,302

$

43,584

$

140,886

$

75,175

$

32,113

$

107,288

Net sales from services

 

1,697

 

52,436

 

54,133

 

720

 

39,154

 

39,874

Net sales

 

98,999

 

96,020

 

195,019

 

75,895

 

71,267

 

147,162

Cost of product sales

 

32,945

 

25,671

 

58,616

 

30,248

 

18,636

 

48,884

Cost of service sales

 

0

 

13,050

 

13,050

 

0

 

9,670

 

9,670

Cost of sales

 

32,945

 

38,721

 

71,666

 

30,248

 

28,306

 

58,554

Gross margin

$

66,054

$

57,299

$

123,353

$

45,647

$

42,961

$

88,608

Research and development

$

9,243

$

37,775

$

47,018

$

3,032

$

23,349

$

26,381

23

Item 2.    Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition as of March 31, 2021, and results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, should be read in conjunction with the condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes included in this Report on Form 10-Q and the audited consolidated financial statements in our 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on February 26, 2021. This discussion contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Our actual results may differ materially from those anticipated in such forward-looking statements as a result of certain factors, including but not limited to those described under “Risk Factors” in our 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K. See also "Special Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements" on page ii of this Report on Form 10-Q.

Overview

Axon is a global network of devices, apps and people that helps public safety personnel become smarter and safer. With a mission of protecting life, our technologies give law enforcement the confidence, focus and time they need to protect their communities. Our products impact every aspect of a public safety officer’s day-to-day experience with the goal of helping everyone get home safe.

Our revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2021 were $195.0 million, an increase of $47.9 million, or 32.5%, from the comparable period in the prior year. We had a loss from operations of $50.3 million compared to $0.8 million for the same period in the prior year. Gross margin improved compared to the three months ended March 31, 2020, reflecting strong demand for our premium TASER offerings, manufacturing cost improvement, and fixed cost leverage. Operating expenses increased $84.2 million, reflecting an increase of $61.9 million in stock-based compensation expense related to the CEO Performance Award and XSPP and an increase of $14.7 million in salaries, benefits and bonus expense. For the three months ended March 31, 2021, we recorded a net loss of $47.9 million, which reflected an income tax benefit of $1.8 million, compared to net income of $4.1 million for the comparable period in the prior year.

Outlook

For the year ending December 31, 2021, we expect revenue in the range of $780 million to $820 million. Our expectation for capital expenditures of approximately $65 million to $70 million in 2021 remains unchanged.  

COVID-19

The COVID-19 pandemic has adversely affected workforces, economies, and financial markets globally, leading to an economic downturn. As an essential provider of products and services for law enforcement and other first responders, we remain focused on protecting the health and wellbeing of our employees while assuring the continuity of our business operations.

We have taken a number of actions in response to the pandemic, as described in our Annual Report on Form 10-K. In April 2021, we hosted several onsite vaccination clinics for our employees and their family members.

We elected to participate in the social security deferral program offered under the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act, whereby we deferred payment of the employer portion of all social security taxes that would otherwise have been payable from March 27, 2020 through December 31, 2020. Payment of the deferred amount is due 50% on December 31, 2021 and 50% on December 31, 2022.

24

Results of Operations

Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 Compared to the Three Months Ended March 31, 2020

The following table presents data from our condensed consolidated statements of operations as well as the percentage relationship to total net sales of items included in our statements of operations (dollars in thousands):

Three Months Ended March 31, 

 

    

2021

    

2020

 

Net sales from products

$

140,886

72.2

%  

$

107,288

72.9

%

Net sales from services

 

54,133

 

27.8

 

39,874

 

27.1

Net sales

 

195,019

 

100.0

 

147,162

 

100.0

Cost of product sales

 

58,616

 

30.1

 

48,884

 

33.2

Cost of service sales

 

13,050

 

6.7

 

9,670

 

6.6

Cost of sales

 

71,666

 

36.8

 

58,554

 

39.8

Gross margin

 

123,353

 

63.2

 

88,608

 

60.2

Operating expenses:

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

Sales, general and administrative

 

126,597

 

64.9

 

63,027

 

42.8

Research and development

 

47,018

 

24.1

 

26,381

 

17.9

Total operating expenses

 

173,615

 

89.0

 

89,408

 

60.7

Income (loss) from operations

 

(50,262)

 

(25.8)

 

(800)

 

(0.5)

Interest and other income, net

 

585

 

0.3

 

941

 

0.6

Income (loss) before provision for income taxes

 

(49,677)

 

(25.5)

 

141

 

0.1

Provision for (benefit from) income taxes

 

(1,760)

 

(0.9)

 

(3,933)

 

(2.7)

Net income (loss)

$

(47,917)

 

(24.6)

%  

$

4,074

 

2.8

%

The following table presents our revenues disaggregated by geography (in thousands):

Three Months Ended March 31, 

    

2021

    

2020

United States

$

160,386

82

%  

$

117,463

80

%

Other countries

 

34,633

 

18

 

29,699

20

Total

$

195,019

 

100

%  

$

147,162

100

%

International revenue increased compared to the prior year comparable period, driven primarily by increased sales in the Americas and Europe regions.

25

Net Sales

Net sales by product line were as follows (dollars in thousands):

Three Months Ended March 31, 

Dollar

Percent

    

2021

    

2020

    

Change

    

Change

TASER segment:

TASER 7

$

33,991

 

17.5

%  

$

15,326

 

10.4

%  

$

18,665

 

121.8

%

TASER X26P

 

9,963

 

5.1

 

11,061

 

7.5

 

(1,098)

 

(9.9)

TASER X2

 

12,778

 

6.6

 

14,075

 

9.6

 

(1,297)

 

(9.2)

TASER Pulse

 

2,205

 

1.1

 

1,200

 

0.8

 

1,005

 

83.8

Cartridges

 

30,418

 

15.6

 

26,625

 

18.1

 

3,793

 

14.2

Axon Evidence and cloud services

 

1,396

 

0.7

 

498

 

0.3

 

898

 

180.3

Extended warranties

 

5,646

 

2.9

 

4,977

 

3.4

 

669

 

13.4

Other

 

2,602

 

1.3

 

2,133

 

1.5

 

469

 

22.0

Total TASER segment

 

98,999

 

50.8

 

75,895

 

51.6

 

23,104

 

30.4

Software and Sensors segment:

 

  

 

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

Axon Body

 

19,756

 

10.1

 

12,823

 

8.7

 

6,933

 

54.1

Axon Flex

 

905

 

0.5

 

1,183

 

0.8

 

(278)

 

(23.5)

Axon Fleet

 

3,763

 

1.9

 

4,775

 

3.2

 

(1,012)

 

(21.2)

Axon Dock

 

6,920

 

3.5

 

4,951

 

3.4

 

1,969

 

39.8

Axon Evidence and cloud services

 

52,294

 

26.9

 

39,154

 

26.6

 

13,140

 

33.6

Extended warranties

 

7,500

 

3.8

 

5,458

 

3.7

 

2,042

 

37.4

Other

 

4,882

 

2.5

 

2,923

 

2.0

 

1,959

 

67.0

Total Software and Sensors segment

 

96,020

 

49.2

 

71,267

 

48.4

 

24,753

 

34.7

Total net sales

$

195,019

 

100.0

%  

$

147,162

 

100.0

%  

$

47,857

 

32.5

%  

Net unit sales for TASER segment products and Software and Sensors segment products were as follows:

    

Three Months Ended March 31, 

    

Unit

    

Percent

2021

2020

 

Change

 

Change

TASER 7

 

23,360

 

11,430

 

11,930

 

104.4

TASER X26P

 

8,229

 

11,003

 

(2,774)

 

(25.2)

TASER X2

 

8,838

 

10,478

 

(1,640)

 

(15.7)

TASER Pulse

 

8,686

 

3,261

 

5,425

 

166.4

Cartridges

 

1,009,760

 

873,364

 

136,396

 

15.6

Axon Body

 

46,094

 

39,864

 

6,230

 

15.6

Axon Flex

 

1,565

 

3,074

 

(1,509)

 

(49.1)

Axon Fleet

 

1,440

 

2,676

 

(1,236)

 

(46.2)

Axon Dock

 

6,786

 

5,297

 

1,489

 

28.1

Net sales for the TASER segment increased 30.4% primarily due to a net increase of $17.3 million in TASER device sales and an increase of $3.8 million in cartridge revenue. We continue to see a shift to purchases of our latest generation device, TASER 7, from legacy devices. Revenue was also impacted by higher average selling prices for TASER 7 and X26P. Revenue from consumer TASER Pulse devices increased due to a substantial increase in volume, partially offset by lower average selling prices. The increase in cartridge revenue was due to increased unit sales for TASER 7 cartridges, and was partially offset by a decline in average selling prices.

Net sales for the Software and Sensors segment increased 34.7% during the three months ended March 31, 2021 as we continued to add users and associated devices to our network. The increase in the aggregate number of users resulted in increased Axon Evidence revenue of $13.1 million. Sales of our Axon Body 3 camera drove most of the $6.9 million increase in Axon Body revenue and the increase of $2.0 million in Axon Dock revenue. The increase in the aggregate number of users and devices also resulted in increased extended warranty revenues of $2.0 million

26

We consider total company future contracted revenues a forward-looking performance indicator. As of March 31, 2021, we had approximately $1.79 billion of total company future contracted revenue, which included both recognized contract liabilities as well as amounts that will be invoiced and recognized in future periods. We expect to recognize between 20% - 25% of this balance over the next twelve months, and expect the remainder to be recognized over the following five to seven years, subject to risks related to delayed deployments, budget appropriation or other contract cancellation clauses.

Cost of Product and Service Sales

Within the TASER segment, cost of product and service sales increased to $32.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 from $30.2 million for the same period in 2020, primarily related to higher unit sales. Cost as a percentage of sales decreased to 33.3% from 39.9%. Approximately half of the improvement was attributable to a combination of manufacturing cost improvement and strong demand for our premium TASER offerings, which resulted in a favorable product mix. The remaining improvement was attributable to additional leverage on fixed costs. We are building manufacturing capacity to support our TASER device and cartridge manufacturing lines in response to growing international and federal demand and an increased install base.

Investments in manufacturing capacity so far in 2021 have resulted in an approximately 40% capacity increase in TASER 7 propulsion module and cartridge line production capacity, combined with greater per-person efficiency that will generate $1 million in gross cost annual run rate savings on the TASER 7. Manufacturing and supply chain improvements are on track to result in more than $4 million in gross costs savings in 2021. Segment gross margins may continue to fluctuate based on customer and product mix.

Within the Software and Sensors segment, cost of product and service sales increased to $38.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 from $28.3 million for the same period in 2020. Cost as a percentage of sales increased slightly to 40.3% from 39.7%. We are investing in scaling our cloud business, which includes standing up new cloud environments, cloud applications, and Long-Term Evolution (“LTE”) costs, which can result in some margin compression in advance of anticipated revenue, as well as low-to-no margin professional services that support new installations for software customers.

Although we have experienced port constraints and some increases in raw materials costs, we have remained focused on closely monitoring our supply chain, and mitigating impacts to keep our gross margins predictable and our inventory steady. For instance, during the recent global slowdown in manufacturing affected by the blockage in the Suez Canal, we duplicated orders by ocean and air, and worked with suppliers to hold higher buffers for Axon on their shelves. We have also worked to mitigate raw materials costs increases through supplier negotiations and buying added non-expiring raw materials. We continue to bolster our strategic relationships in our supply chain, work to identify secondary sourcing, and build in shipping and inventory buffers, which has kept our supply chain execution solid.

Gross Margin

As a percentage of net sales, gross margin for the TASER segment increased to 66.7% from 60.1% for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The increase was a result of fixed cost leverage, manufacturing cost improvement, and product mix, as discussed above.

As a percentage of net sales, gross margin for the Software and Sensors segment decreased to 59.7% from 60.3% for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. Within the Software and Sensors segment, hardware gross margin was 41.1% for the three months ended March 31, 2021 compared to 42.0% for the same period in 2020, while the service margins were 75.1% and 75.3% during those same periods, respectively.

27

Sales, General and Administrative Expenses

Sales, general and administrative ("SG&A") expenses were comprised as follows (dollars in thousands):

    

Three Months Ended March 31, 

    

Dollar

    

Percent

2021

2020

 

Change

 

Change

Total sales, general and administrative expenses

$

126,597

$

63,027

$

63,570

 

100.9

Sales, general, and administrative as a percentage of net sales

 

64.9

%  

 

42.8

%  

 

  

 

  

Stock-based compensation expense increased $56.0 million in comparison to the prior year comparable period, which was primarily attributable to an increase of $31.6 million in expense related to the CEO Performance Award and an increase of $23.1 million related to our XSPP. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, attainment of the twelfth operational goal of the CEO Performance Award and XSPP became probable; during the prior year comparable period, nine operational goals were considered probable. We recognized approximately $9.0 million in cumulative catch-up expense related to the twelfth tranche, and an additional $36.8 million related to acceleration in the anticipated timing of attainment for the remaining probable tranches.

Salaries, benefits and bonus expense increased $9.5 million primarily due to an increase in headcount. Included in this increase was $1.4 million in payroll taxes related to the vesting of the first tranche of our XSPP in March 2021.

Sales and marketing expenses increased $3.3 million, driven by a $2.4 million increase in commissions expense tied to higher revenues and by higher spending on content development, promotional videos, and advertising.

Professional, consulting and lobbying expenses decreased $4.3 million, primarily driven by lower expenses related to the FTC litigation. As discussed in Note 11 of the notes to our condensed consolidated financial statements within this Report on Form 10-Q, we sued the FTC in the District of Arizona, and the FTC filed an enforcement action regarding our May 2018 acquisition of Vievu LLC. Expenses related to the matter were minimal during the three months ended March 31, 2021.

Travel expenses decreased $1.4 million, primarily due to continued limited travel as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Research and Development Expenses

Research and development ("R&D") expenses were comprised as follows (dollars in thousands):

    

Three Months Ended March 31, 

    

Dollar

    

Percent

2021

2020

 

Change

 

Change

Total research and development expenses

$

47,018

$

26,381

$

20,637

 

78.2

Research and development as a percentage of net sales

 

24.1

%  

 

17.9

%  

 

  

 

  

Within the TASER segment, R&D expense increased $6.2 million,  reflecting increased stock-based compensation expense, professional and consulting expenses and salaries, benefits and bonus expense in the current period. Increases in stock-based compensation expense included approximately $1.4 million incremental expense related to our XSPP and an additional $0.4 million related to attainment of other PSU awards. Professional and consulting expenses increased $1.3 million related to the development of next generation products, and salaries, benefits and bonus expense increased $1.2 million on higher headcount.

R&D expense for the Software and Sensors segment increased $14.4 million, reflecting an increase of $8.8 million in stock-based compensation expense, an increase of $4.0 million in salaries, benefits and bonus expense, and an increase of $1.2 million in professional and consulting expenses. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, attainment of the twelfth operational goal of the XSPP became probable; during the prior year comparable period, nine operational goals were considered probable. We recognized approximately $0.7 million in cumulative catch-up expense related to the twelfth tranche, and an additional $3.2 million related to acceleration of the anticipated timing of attainment

28

for the remaining probable tranches. Stock-based compensation expense also increased over the prior year comparable period due to an increase in headcount. The increase in salaries, benefits and bonus was primarily a result of increased headcount. Professional and consulting expenses increased related to development of next generation products.

We expect R&D expense to continue to increase in absolute dollars as we focus on growing the Software and Sensors segment as we add headcount and additional resources to develop new products and services to further advance our scalable cloud-connected device platform. We are investing in technologies that include our conducted energy devices, body cameras, in-car cameras and other sensors, artificial intelligence, digital evidence management, productivity software, communications software, and technologies that enable real-time situational awareness for public safety.

Interest and Other Income (Expense), Net

Interest and other income (expense), net was $0.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 compared to $0.9 million for the same period in 2020. The decrease was primarily attributable to decreased interest rates on investments during the current period.

Provision for Income Taxes

The provision for income taxes was a benefit of $1.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021, which was an effective tax rate of 3.5%. Our estimated full year effective income tax rate for 2021, before discrete period adjustments, is (20.5%), which differs from the federal statutory rate primarily due to the impact of the executive compensation limitation under Internal Revenue Code ("IRC") Section 162(m), partially offset by R&D tax credits, on a projected pre-tax loss for the year. The effective tax rate was favorably impacted by a $11.7 million discrete tax benefit primarily associated with windfalls related to stock-based compensation for RSUs and PSUs that vested during the three months ended March 31, 2021.

Net Income

We recorded net loss of $47.9 for the three months ended March 31, 2021 compared to net income of $4.1 million for the same period in 2020. Net loss per basic and diluted share was $0.75 for the three months ended March 31, 2021 compared to $0.07 net income per basic and diluted share for the same period in 2020.

29

Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 Compared to the Three Months Ended December 31, 2020

Net Sales

Net sales by product line were as follows (dollars in thousands):

    

Three Months Ended

    

Three Months Ended

    

Dollar

    

Percent

March 31, 2021

December 31, 2020

Change

Change

TASER segment:

TASER 7

$

33,991

 

17.5

%  

$

58,890

 

26.0

%  

$

(24,899)

 

(42.3)

%

TASER X26P

 

9,963

 

5.1

 

11,386

 

5.0

 

(1,423)

 

(12.5)

TASER X2

 

12,778

 

6.6

 

14,706

 

6.5

 

(1,928)

 

(13.1)

TASER Pulse

 

2,205

 

1.1

 

3,033

 

1.4

 

(828)

 

(27.3)

Cartridges

30,418

15.6

38,461

17.0

(8,043)

(20.9)

Axon Evidence and cloud services

 

1,396

 

0.7

 

1,159

 

0.5

 

237

 

20.4

Extended warranties

 

5,646

 

2.9

 

5,414

 

2.4

 

232

 

4.3

Other

 

2,602

 

1.3

 

2,712

 

1.2

 

(110)

 

(4.1)

TASER segment

 

98,999

 

50.8

 

135,761

 

60.0

 

(36,762)

 

(27.1)

Software and Sensors segment:

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

Axon Body

 

19,756

 

10.1

 

16,505

 

7.3

 

3,251

 

19.7

Axon Flex

 

905

 

0.5

 

630

 

0.3

 

275

 

43.7

Axon Fleet

 

3,763

 

1.9

 

7,020

 

3.1

 

(3,257)

 

(46.4)

Axon Dock

 

6,920

 

3.5

 

5,009

 

2.2

 

1,911

 

38.2

Axon Evidence and cloud services

 

52,294

 

26.9

 

50,302

 

22.2

 

1,992

 

4.0

Extended warranties

 

7,500

 

3.8

 

6,701

 

3.0

 

799

 

11.9

Other

 

4,882

 

2.5

 

4,212

 

1.9

 

670

 

15.9

Software and Sensors segment

 

96,020

 

49.2

 

90,379

 

40.0

 

5,641

 

6.2

Total net sales

$

195,019

 

100.0

%  

$

226,140

 

100.0

%  

$

(31,121)

 

(13.8)

%

Net unit sales for TASER segment products and Software and Sensors segment products were as follows:

    

Three Months Ended

    

    

 

Unit

Percent

March 31, 2021

December 31, 2020

Change

Change

TASER 7

 

23,360

 

41,099

 

(17,739)

 

(43.2)

%  

TASER X26P

 

8,229

 

10,611

 

(2,382)

 

(22.4)

%  

TASER X2

 

8,838

 

9,751

 

(913)

 

(9.4)

%  

TASER Pulse

 

8,686

 

11,657

 

(2,971)

 

(25.5)

%  

Cartridges

 

1,009,760

 

1,272,679

 

(262,919)

 

(20.7)

%  

Axon Body

 

46,094

 

44,735

 

1,359

 

3.0

%  

Axon Flex

 

1,565

 

749

 

816

 

108.9

%  

Axon Fleet

 

1,440

 

3,905

 

(2,465)

 

(63.1)

%  

Axon Dock

 

6,786

 

6,326

 

460

 

7.3

%  

Net sales within the TASER segment decreased by approximately $36.8 million or 27.1% as compared to the prior quarter. The largest driver of the decrease was lower revenue from all TASER devices, primarily as a result of lower units. The decrease was partially offset by higher average selling prices for TASER X26P devices. Additionally, cartridge revenue decreased $8.0 million due to lower unit sales.

Within the Software and Sensors segment, net sales increased $5.6 million or 6.2% during the three months ended March 31, 2021 compared to the prior quarter. Revenue from Axon Body cameras and Docks increased a combined $5.2 million due primarily to higher average selling prices; revenue in the prior quarter included a large shipment of contractual hardware upgrades. Axon Evidence revenues increased $2.0 million primarily based on an increase in the aggregate

30

number of users on our Axon network. Revenue from Axon Fleet cameras decreased $3.3 million on lower unit sales, partially offset by an increase in average selling prices.

Non-GAAP Measures

To supplement our financial results presented in accordance with GAAP, we present the non-GAAP financial measures of EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA (CEO Performance Award). Our management uses these non-GAAP financial measures in evaluating our performance in comparison to prior periods. We believe that both management and investors benefit from referring to these non-GAAP financial measures in assessing our performance, and when planning and forecasting our future periods. A reconciliation of GAAP to the non-GAAP financial measures is presented below.

EBITDA (Most comparable GAAP Measure: Net income) - Earnings before interest expense, investment interest income, taxes, depreciation and amortization.
Adjusted EBITDA (CEO Performance Award) (Most comparable GAAP Measure: Net income) - Earnings before interest expense, investment interest income, taxes, depreciation, amortization and non-cash stock-based compensation expense.

Although these non-GAAP financial measures are not consistent with GAAP, management believes investors will benefit by referring to these non-GAAP financial measures when assessing our operating results, as well as when forecasting and analyzing future periods. However, management recognizes that:

these non-GAAP financial measures are limited in their usefulness and should be considered only as a supplement to our GAAP financial measures;
these non-GAAP financial measures should not be considered in isolation from, or as a substitute for, our GAAP financial measures;
these non-GAAP financial measures should not be considered to be superior to our GAAP financial measures; and
these non-GAAP financial measures were not prepared in accordance with GAAP and investors should not assume that the non-GAAP financial measures presented in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q were prepared under a comprehensive set of rules or principles.

EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA (CEO Performance Award) reconciles to net income (loss) as follows (in thousands):

Three Months Ended

    

March 31, 

    

December 31, 

    

March 31, 

    

2021

2020

2020

Net income (loss)

$

(47,917)

$

25,834

$

4,074

Depreciation and amortization

 

4,291

 

3,531

 

2,881

Interest expense

 

5

 

11

 

7

Investment interest income

 

(533)

 

(929)

 

(693)

Provision for (benefit from) income taxes

 

(1,760)

 

(16,794)

 

(3,933)

EBITDA

$

(45,914)

$

11,653

$

2,336

Adjustments:

 

  

 

  

 

  

Stock-based compensation expense

 

89,610

 

53,448

 

20,195

Adjusted EBITDA (CEO Performance Award)

$

43,696

$

65,101

$

22,531

31

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Summary

As of March 31, 2021, we had $154.8 million of cash and cash equivalents, a decrease of $0.6 million as compared to December 31, 2020. Cash and cash equivalents and investments totaled $674.1 million, representing an increase of $21.5 million from December 31, 2020.

Our ongoing sources of cash include cash on hand, investments, and cash flows from operations. In addition, our $50.0 million revolving credit facility is available for additional working capital needs or investment opportunities. Under the terms of the line of credit, available borrowings are reduced by outstanding letters of credit. Advances under the line of credit bear interest at LIBOR plus 1.0 to 1.5% per year determined in accordance with a pricing grid based on our funded debt to earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization ("EBITDA") ratio.

As of March 31, 2021, we had letters of credit outstanding of $6.1 million, leaving the net amount available for borrowing of $43.9 million. The facility matures on December 31, 2023, and has an accordion feature which allows for an increase in the total line of credit up to $100.0 million, subject to certain conditions, including the availability of additional bank commitments. There can be no assurance that we will continue to generate cash flows at or above current levels or that we will be able to maintain our ability to borrow under our revolving credit facility. At March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, there were no borrowings under the line other than the outstanding letters of credit.

Our agreement with the bank requires us to comply with a maximum funded debt to EBITDA ratio, as defined, of no greater than 2.50 to 1.00 based upon a trailing four fiscal quarter period. At March 31, 2021, our funded debt to EBITDA ratio was 0.00 to 1.00.

TASER subscription and installment purchase arrangements typically involve amounts invoiced in five equal installments at the beginning of each year of the five-year term. This is in contrast to a traditional CED sale in which the entire amount being charged for the hardware is invoiced upon shipment. This impacts liquidity in a commensurate fashion, with the cash for the subscription or installment purchase received in five annual installments rather than up front. It is our strategic intent to shift an increasing amount of our business to a subscription model, to better match the municipal budgeting process of our customers as well as to allow for multiple product offerings to be bundled into existing subscriptions. We carefully considered the cash flow impacts of this strategic shift and regularly revisit our cash flow forecast with the goal of maintaining a comfortable level of liquidity as we introduce commercial offerings in which we incur upfront cash costs to produce and fulfill hardware sales ahead of the cash inflows from our customers.

Based on our strong balance sheet and the fact that we do not have long-term debt at March 31, 2021, we believe financing will be available, both through our existing credit line and possible additional financing. However, there is no assurance that such funding will be available on terms acceptable to us, or at all. We believe that our sources of funding will be sufficient to satisfy our currently anticipated cash requirements including capital expenditures, working capital requirements, potential acquisitions or strategic investments and other liquidity requirements through at least the next 12 months. We and our Board of Directors may consider repurchases of our common stock from time to time pursuant to our stock repurchase plan. Further repurchases of our common stock would take place on the open market, would be financed with available cash and are subject to market and business conditions.

32

Cash Flows

The following table summarizes our cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities (in thousands):

Three Months Ended March 31, 

    

2021

    

2020

Operating activities

$

60,939

$

13,415

Investing activities

(54,123)

(22,073)

Financing activities

(7,045)

(5,162)

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

(392)

(1,890)

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash

$

(621)

$

(15,710)

Operating activities

Net cash provided by operating activities in the first three months of 2021 of $60.9 million reflects $47.9 million in net loss, non-cash income statement items totaling $95.8 million, and a positive impact of $13.0 million for the net change in operating assets and liabilities. Included in the non-cash items were $4.3 million in depreciation and amortization expense and $89.6 million in stock-based compensation expense. Cash provided by operations was primarily driven by decreased accounts and notes receivable and contract assets of $31.3 million and increased deferred revenue of $6.2 million. The decrease in accounts and notes receivable and contract assets was primarily attributable to timing of payments received, as well as an overall increase in subscription sales. Cash provided by operations was partially offset by increased prepaid expenses and other assets of $7.0 million and decreased accounts payable, accrued liabilities and other liabilities of $18.1 million. The decrease of accounts payable, accrued liabilities and other liabilities was primarily driven by a reduction of accrued commissions due to decreased bookings as compared to the quarter ended December 31, 2020 and timing of inventory purchases.

Net cash provided by operating activities in the first three months of 2020 of $13.4 million reflects $4.1 million in net income, non-cash income statement items totaling $24.5 million, and a negative impact on cash of $15.1 million for the net change in operating assets and liabilities. Included in the non-cash items were $2.9 million in depreciation and amortization expense and $20.2 million in stock-based compensation expense. Cash used in operations was impacted by increased accounts and notes receivable and contract assets of $9.7 million, increased inventory of $8.6 million, decreased accounts payable, accrued liabilities and other liabilities of $3.6 million, increased deferred revenue of $4.5 million, and decreased prepaid and other assets of $2.3 million.  The increase in accounts and notes receivable and contract assets was attributable to increased sales over the last several quarters, primarily sales made under subscription plans. The decrease in accounts payable, accrued liabilities and other liabilities was primarily attributable to the timing of payments, and was partially offset by a $13.5 million payable for unsettled investment purchases at March 31, 2020 which was settled in early April 2020. The increase in deferred revenue was primarily attributable to increased hardware deferred revenue from TASER subscription sales, partially offset by a decrease in prepayments for Software and Sensors services. The decrease in prepaid expenses and other assets was primarily attributable to usage of prepaid cloud storage fees, partially offset by an increase in income tax receivable.

Investing activities

We used $54.1 million in investing activities during the first three months of 2021, which was comprised of $23.6 million for the purchase of investments, net of proceeds, $20.0 million for a strategic minority investment, and $10.6 million for the purchase of property and equipment and intangible assets.

We used $22.1 million in investing activities during the first three months of 2020, which was comprised of $15.2 million for the purchase of investments, net of proceeds, $4.7 million for an equity investment in an unconsolidated affiliate, and $2.2 million for the purchase of property and equipment and intangible assets.

33

Financing activities

Net cash used in financing activities was $7.0 million during the first three months of 2021 and was attributable to the payment of income and payroll taxes on behalf of employees who net-settled stock awards during the period.

Net cash used in financing activities was $5.2 million during the first three months of 2020. During the first three months of 2020, we paid income and payroll taxes of $5.2 million on behalf of employees who net-settled stock awards during the period, which was partially offset by proceeds from options exercised of less than $0.1 million.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

The discussion under the heading off-balance sheet arrangements in Note 11 of the notes to our condensed consolidated financial statements within this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q is incorporated by reference herein.

Critical Accounting Estimates

We have identified the following accounting estimates as critical to our business operations and the understanding of our results of operations. The preparation of financial statements requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. While we do not believe that a change in these estimates is reasonably likely, there can be no assurance that our actual results will not differ from these estimates. The effect of these estimates on our business operations are discussed below.

Stock-Based Compensation

We have historically granted stock-based compensation to key employees and non-employee directors as a means of attracting and retaining highly qualified personnel. Stock-based compensation awards primarily consist of service-based RSUs, performance-based RSUs, and performance-based options. Our stock-based compensation awards are classified as equity and measured at the fair market value of the underlying stock at the grant date. For service-based awards, we recognize RSU expense using the straight-line attribution method over the requisite service period. Vesting of performance-based RSUs and options is contingent upon the achievement of certain performance criteria related to our operating performance, as well as successful and timely development and market acceptance of future product introductions. For performance-based RSUs containing only performance conditions, compensation cost is recognized using the graded attribution model over the explicit or implicit service period. For awards containing multiple service, performance or market conditions, where all conditions must be satisfied prior to vesting, compensation expense is recognized over the requisite service period, which is defined as the longest explicit, implicit or derived service period, based on management’s estimate of the probability of the performance criteria being satisfied, adjusted at each balance sheet date. For both service-based and performance-based RSUs, we account for forfeitures as they occur as a reduction to stock-based compensation expense and additional paid-in-capital.

For performance-based awards, stock-based compensation expense is recognized over the expected performance achievement period of individual performance goals when the achievement of each individual performance goal becomes probable. For performance-based awards with a vesting schedule based on the attainment of both performance and market conditions, stock-based compensation expense is recognized over the longer of the expected achievement period of the performance and market conditions, beginning at the point in time that the relevant performance condition is considered probable of achievement. The fair value of such awards is estimated on the grant date using Monte Carlo simulations. Refer to Note 9 of the notes to our condensed consolidated financial statements within this Report on Form 10-Q.

Stock-based compensation expense associated with the CEO Performance Award and XSPP is recognized over the requisite service period, which is defined as the longest explicit, implicit or derived service period, based on management’s estimate of the probability and timing of the performance criteria being satisfied, adjusted at each balance sheet date. Expense recognition begins at the point in time when the relevant operational goal is considered probable of being met. The probability of attaining an operational goal and the expected attainment date for meeting a probable

34

operational goal are based on a subjective assessment of our forward-looking financial projections, taking into consideration statistical analysis. The statistical model and the assessment that determine the estimated attainment dates are subject to a number of estimated inputs, including expected volatility rates, management’s forward-looking financial projections, in particular for operational goals that are anticipated to be attained in the near future, and adjustment of other estimates based on the passage of time. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, we recorded an additional $51.4 million in stock-based compensation expense as a result of updated estimates for the CEO Performance Award and eXponential Stock Performance Plan.

We have granted a total of 15.0 million performance-based awards (options and restricted stock units) of which 11.4 million are outstanding. As of March 31, 2021, the vesting of which is contingent upon the achievement of certain performance criteria including the successful development and market acceptance of future product introductions as well as our future sales targets and operating performance and market capitalization. Compensation expense for performance awards will be recognized based on management’s best estimate of the probability of the performance criteria being satisfied using the most currently available projections of future product adoption and operating performance, adjusted at each balance sheet date. Changes in the subjective and probability-based assumptions can materially affect the estimate of the fair value of the awards and timing of recognition of stock-based compensation and consequently, the related amount recognized in our condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income (loss).

Reserve for Expected Credit Losses

We are exposed to the risk of credit losses primarily through sales of products and services. Our expected loss allowance for accounts receivable, notes receivable, and contract assets represents management’s best estimate and application of judgment considering a number of factors, including historical collection experience, published or estimated credit default rates for entities that represent our customer base, current and future economic and market conditions and a review of the current status of customers' trade accounts receivables. Additionally, specific allowance amounts are established to record the appropriate provision for customers that have a higher probability of default. Our monitoring activities include account reconciliation, dispute resolution, payment confirmation, consideration of customers' financial condition and macroeconomic conditions. Balances are written off when determined to be uncollectible.

We review receivables for U.S. and international customers separately to better reflect different published credit default rates and economic and market conditions.

A majority of our customers are governmental agencies. Due to municipal government funding rules, certain of our contracts are subject to appropriation, termination for convenience, or similar cancellation clauses, which could allow our customers to cancel or not exercise options to renew contracts in the future. Economic slowdowns that negatively affect municipal tax collections and put pressure on law enforcement may increase this risk and negatively impact the realizability of our accounts and notes receivable and contract assets. We considered the current and expected future economic and market conditions surrounding the COVID-19 pandemic and recorded an additional credit loss reserve of approximately $0.8 million as of March 31, 2021.

Based on the balances of our financial instruments as of March 31, 2021, a hypothetical 25 percent increase in expected credit loss rates across all pools would result in a $0.7 million increase in the allowance for expected credit losses.

Item 3.    Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

Interest Rate Risk

We typically invest in a limited number of financial instruments, consisting principally of investments in money market accounts, certificates of deposit, and corporate and municipal bonds with a typical long-term debt rating of “A” or better by any nationally recognized statistical rating organization, denominated in U.S. dollars. All of our cash equivalents and investments are treated as “held-to-maturity.” Investments in fixed-rate interest-earning instruments carry a degree of interest rate risk as their market value may be adversely impacted due to a rise in interest rates. As a result, we may suffer losses in principal if we sell securities that have declined in market value due to changes in interest rates. However, because we classify our debt securities as “held-to-maturity” based on our intent and ability to hold these instruments to maturity,

35

no gains or losses are recognized due to changes in interest rates. These securities are reported at amortized cost. Based on investment positions as of March 31, 2021, a hypothetical 100 basis point increase in interest rates across all maturities would result in a $1.7 million decline in the fair market value of the portfolio. Such losses would only be realized if we sold the investments prior to maturity.

Additionally, we have access to a $50.0 million line of credit borrowing facility which bears interest at LIBOR plus 1.0 to 1.5% per year determined in accordance with a pricing grid based on our funded debt to EBITDA ratio. Under the terms of the line of credit, available borrowings are reduced by outstanding letters of credit, which totaled $6.1 million at March 31, 2021. At March 31, 2021, there was no amount outstanding under the line of credit and the available borrowing under the line of credit was $43.9 million. We have not borrowed any funds under the line of credit since its inception; however; should we need to do so in the future, such borrowings could be subject to adverse or favorable changes in the underlying interest rate.

Exchange Rate Risk

Our results of operations and cash flows are subject to fluctuations due to changes in foreign currency exchange rates, in each case compared to the U.S. dollar, related to transactions by our foreign subsidiaries. The majority of our sales to international customers are transacted in foreign currencies and therefore are subject to exchange rate fluctuations on these transactions. The cost of our products to our customers increases when the U.S. dollar strengthens against their local currency, and we may have more sales and expenses denominated in foreign currencies in future years which could increase our foreign exchange rate risk. Additionally, intercompany sales to our non-U.S. dollar functional currency international subsidiaries are transacted in U.S. dollars which could increase our foreign exchange rate risk caused by foreign currency transaction gains and losses.

To date, we have not engaged in any currency hedging activities. However, we may enter into foreign currency forward and option contracts with financial institutions to protect against foreign exchange risks associated with certain existing assets and liabilities, certain firmly committed transactions, forecasted future cash flows and net investments in foreign subsidiaries. However, we may choose not to hedge certain foreign exchange exposures for a variety of reasons, including but not limited to the prohibitive economic cost of hedging particular exposures. As such, fluctuations in currency exchange rates could harm our business in the future.

Item 4.    Controls and Procedures

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

Our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer are responsible for the evaluation of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act) as of the end of the period covered by this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Our disclosure controls and procedures are designed to ensure that information we are required to disclose in reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is (i) recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms and (ii) accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. Based on that evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of March 31, 2021.

Change in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

There was no change in our internal control over financial reporting during the fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2021 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

36

PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1.    Legal Proceedings

The discussion under the headings Product Litigation and U.S. Federal Trade Commission Investigation in Note 11 of the notes to our condensed consolidated financial statements included within this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q is incorporated by reference herein.

Item 1A.    Risk Factors

There are no material changes from the risk factors previously disclosed in Part I, Item 1A, "Risk Factors" in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, which could adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, and the trading price of our common stock.

Item 2.    Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

None.

Item 3.    Defaults Upon Senior Securities

None.

Item 4.    Mine Safety Disclosures

None.

Item 5.    Other Information

None.

37

Item 6.    Exhibits

10.1

31.1*

31.2*

32**

101.INS*

Inline XBRL Instance Document - the instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document.

101.SCH*

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document

101.CAL*

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document

101.DEF*

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document

101.LAB*

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document

101.PRE*

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

104*

The cover page from the Company’s Quarterly Report for the quarter ended March 31, 2021, formatted in Inline XBRL

*     Filed herewith

**   Furnished herewith

38

SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

AXON ENTERPRISE, INC.

Date:

May 7, 2021

By:

/s/ PATRICK W. SMITH

Chief Executive Officer

(Principal Executive Officer)

Date:

May 7, 2021

By:

/s/ JAWAD A. AHSAN

Chief Financial Officer

(Principal Financial and

Accounting Officer)

39