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YORW York Water

Filed: 4 May 21, 9:40am


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2021
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 For the transition period from __________to____________

Commission file number 001-34245

THE YORK WATER COMPANY
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)


PENNSYLVANIA
23-1242500
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
  
130 EAST MARKET STREET, YORK, PENNSYLVANIA
17401
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)

Registrant's telephone number, including area code (717) 845-3601

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
YES
NO
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).
YES
NO
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act:

Large accelerated filer
Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer
   
Small Reporting company
Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
YES
NO
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

COMMON STOCK, NO PAR VALUE
YORW
The NASDAQ Global Select Market
(Title of Class)(Trading Symbol)(Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered)

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer's classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
Common stock, No par value
13,073,062 Shares outstanding
as of May 4, 2021


THE YORK WATER COMPANY

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.     Financial Statements.

Balance Sheets (Unaudited)
(In thousands of dollars, except per share amounts)

  Mar. 31, 2021  Dec. 31, 2020 
ASSETS      
UTILITY PLANT, at original cost $447,247  $438,670 
Plant acquisition adjustments  (3,690)  (3,707)
Accumulated depreciation  (93,009)  (91,340)
Net utility plant  350,548   343,623 
         
OTHER PHYSICAL PROPERTY, net of accumulated depreciation
of $465 in 2021 and $458 in 2020
  735   742 
         
CURRENT ASSETS:        
Cash and cash equivalents  55   2 
Restricted cash     5,000 
Accounts receivable, net of reserves of $714 in 2021
and $655 in 2020
  4,016   5,184 
Unbilled revenues  2,876   2,847 
Recoverable income taxes  582   721 
Materials and supplies inventories, at cost  1,020   1,010 
Prepaid expenses  1,888   1,526 
Total current assets  10,437   16,290 
         
OTHER LONG-TERM ASSETS:        
Prepaid pension cost  3,006   2,209 
Note receivable  255   255 
Deferred regulatory assets  40,318   39,893 
Other assets  4,090   3,945 
Total other long-term assets  47,669   46,302 
         
Total Assets $409,389  $406,957 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.

THE YORK WATER COMPANY

Balance Sheets (Unaudited)
(In thousands of dollars, except per share amounts)

  Mar. 31, 2021  Dec. 31, 2020 
STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY AND LIABILITIES      
COMMON STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY:      
Common stock, no par value, authorized 46,500,000 shares,
issued and outstanding 13,071,733 shares in 2021
and 13,060,817 shares in 2020
 $86,436  $85,935 
Retained earnings  58,574   57,317 
Total common stockholders' equity  145,010   143,252 
         
PREFERRED STOCK, authorized 500,000 shares, no shares issued      
         
LONG-TERM DEBT  122,087   123,573 
         
COMMITMENTS      
         
CURRENT LIABILITIES:        
Accounts payable  6,623   6,540 
Dividends payable  2,192   2,192 
Accrued compensation and benefits  1,410   1,417 
Accrued interest  1,068   959 
Deferred regulatory liabilities  549   525 
Other accrued expenses  514   360 
Total current liabilities  12,356   11,993 
         
DEFERRED CREDITS:        
Customers' advances for construction  10,828   10,326 
Deferred income taxes  44,261   43,538 
Deferred employee benefits  4,809   4,793 
Deferred regulatory liabilities  26,369   25,444 
Other deferred credits  2,209   2,731 
Total deferred credits  88,476   86,832 
         
Contributions in aid of construction  41,460   41,307 
         
Total Stockholders' Equity and Liabilities $409,389  $406,957 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.

THE YORK WATER COMPANY

Statements of Income (Unaudited)
(In thousands of dollars, except per share amounts)

  
Three Months
Ended March 31
 
  2021  2020 
       
OPERATING REVENUES: $13,081  $12,877 
         
OPERATING EXPENSES:        
Operation and maintenance  2,806   2,663 
Administrative and general  2,411   2,244 
Depreciation and amortization  2,174   2,024 
Taxes other than income taxes  336   330 
   7,727   7,261 
         
Operating income  5,354   5,616 
         
OTHER INCOME (EXPENSES):        
Interest on debt  (1,214)  (1,195)
Allowance for funds used during construction  262   101 
Other pension costs  (304)  (341)
Gain on life insurance     515 
Other income (expenses), net  (101)  (125)
   (1,357)  (1,045)
         
Income before income taxes  3,997   4,571 
         
Income taxes  292   569 
         
Net Income $3,705  $4,002 
         
Basic Earnings Per Share $0.28  $0.31 
         
Diluted Earnings Per Share $0.28  $0.31 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.

THE YORK WATER COMPANY

Statements of Common Stockholders' Equity (Unaudited)
(In thousands of dollars, except per share amounts)
For the Periods Ended March 31, 2021 and 2020

  
Common
Stock
Shares
  
Common
Stock
Amount
  
Retained
Earnings
  Total 
             
Balance, December 31, 2020  13,060,817  $85,935  $57,317  $143,252 
Net income        3,705   3,705 
Cash dividends declared, $0.1874 per share        (2,448)  (2,448)
Issuance of common stock under
dividend reinvestment, direct stock and
employee stock purchase plans
  10,916   473      473 
Stock-based compensation     28      28 
Balance, March 31, 2021  13,071,733  $86,436  $58,574  $145,010 

  
Common
Stock
Shares
  
Common
Stock
Amount
  
Retained
Earnings
  Total 
             
Balance, December 31, 2019  13,014,898  $83,976  $50,209  $134,185 
Net income        4,002   4,002 
Cash dividends declared, $0.1802 per share        (2,346)  (2,346)
Issuance of common stock under
dividend reinvestment, direct stock and
employee stock purchase plans
  9,289   411      411 
Stock-based compensation     37      37 
Balance, March 31, 2020  13,024,187  $84,424  $51,865  $136,289 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.

THE YORK WATER COMPANY

Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited)
(In thousands of dollars, except per share amounts)

  
Three Months
Ended March 31
 
  2021  2020 
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:      
Net income $3,705  $4,002 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:        
Gain on life insurance     (515)
Depreciation and amortization  2,174   2,024 
Stock-based compensation  28   37 
Decrease in deferred income taxes  (108)  (14)
Other  29   100 
Changes in assets and liabilities:        
(Increase) decrease in accounts receivable and unbilled revenues  1,038   (457)
Decrease in recoverable income taxes  139   533 
Increase in materials and supplies, prepaid expenses, prepaid pension cost,
regulatory and other assets
  (2,201)  (1,746)
Increase in accounts payable, accrued compensation and benefits, accrued
expenses, deferred employee benefits, regulatory liabilities, and other deferred credits
  1,684   570 
Increase in accrued interest  109   208 
Net cash provided by operating activities  6,597   4,742 
         
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:        
Utility plant additions, including debt portion of allowance for funds used during
construction of $146 in 2021 and $57 in 2020
  (7,431)  (3,858)
Net cash used in investing activities  (7,431)  (3,858)
         
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:        
Customers' advances for construction and contributions in aid of construction  792   1,419 
Repayments of customer advances  (137)  (58)
Proceeds of long-term debt issues  11,648   6,784 
Repayments of long-term debt  (13,178)  (6,478)
Changes in cash overdraft position  (1,263)  (621)
Issuance of common stock  473   411 
Dividends paid  (2,448)  (2,341)
Net cash used in financing activities  (4,113)  (884)
         
Net change in cash, cash equivalent, and restricted cash  (4,947)   
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at beginning of period  5,002   2 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period $55  $2 
         
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:        
Cash paid during the period for:        
Interest, net of amounts capitalized $912  $884 
Income taxes      
         
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing and financing activities: 
Accounts payable includes $3,831 in 2021 and $2,010 in 2020 for the construction of utility plant. 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.

THE YORK WATER COMPANY
 
Notes to Interim Financial Statements
(In thousands of dollars, except per share amounts)
 

1.  Basis of Presentation
 
The interim financial statements are unaudited but, in the opinion of management, reflect all adjustments, consisting of only normal recurring accruals, necessary for a fair presentation of results for such periods.  Because the financial statements cover an interim period, they do not include all disclosures and notes normally provided in annual financial statements, and therefore, should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto contained in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.
 
Operating results for the three months ended March 31, 2021 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2021.  Additionally, based on the duration and severity of the novel coronavirus ("COVID-19") pandemic, the Company is uncertain of the ultimate impact it could have on the business.


2.  Accounts Receivable and Contract Assets

Accounts receivable and contract assets are summarized in the following table:

 
As of
Mar. 31, 2021
  
As of
Dec. 31, 2020
  Change 
          
Accounts receivable – customers $4,416  $5,633  $(1,217)
Other receivables  314   206   108 
   4,730   5,839   (1,109)
Less: allowance for doubtful accounts  (714)  (655)  (59)
Accounts receivable, net $4,016  $5,184  $(1,168)
             
Unbilled revenue $2,876  $2,847  $29 

Differences in timing of revenue recognition, billings, and cash collections result in receivables and contract assets.  Generally, billing occurs subsequent to revenue recognition, resulting in a contract asset reported as unbilled revenue on the balance sheet.  The Company does not receive advances or deposits from customers before revenue is recognized so no contract liabilities are reported.  Accounts receivable are recorded when the right to consideration becomes unconditional and are presented separately on the balance sheet.  The changes in accounts receivable – customers and in unbilled revenue were primarily due to normal timing difference between performance and the customer’s payments.


3.  Common Stock and Earnings Per Share
 
Net income of $3,705 and $4,002 for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively, is used to calculate both basic and diluted earnings per share.  Basic earnings per share is based on the weighted average number of common shares outstanding.  Diluted earnings per share is based on the weighted average number of common shares outstanding plus potentially dilutive shares.  The dilutive effect of employee stock-based compensation is included in the computation of diluted earnings per share and is calculated using the treasury stock method and expected proceeds upon exercise or issuance of the stock-based compensation.

The following table summarizes the shares used in computing basic and diluted earnings per share:

 
Three Months
Ended March 31
 
  2021  2020 
       
Weighted average common shares, basic  13,055,871   13,009,596 
Effect of dilutive securities:        
Employee stock-based compensation  2,690   2,263 
Weighted average common shares, diluted  13,058,561   13,011,859 

On March 11, 2013, the Board of Directors, or the Board, authorized a share repurchase program granting the Company authority to repurchase up to 1,200,000 shares of the Company's common stock from time to time.  The stock repurchase program has no specific end date and the Company may repurchase shares in the open market or through privately negotiated transactions.  The Company may suspend or discontinue the repurchase program at any time. No shares were repurchased during the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020.  As of March 31, 2021, 618,004 shares remain authorized for repurchase.


4.  Debt

For the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company did not enter into any new long-term debt arrangements or modify its outstanding long-term debt, which is summarized in the table below.

  
As of
Mar. 31, 2021
  
As of
Dec. 31, 2020
 
       
8.43% Senior Notes, Series D, due 2022 $7,500  $7,500 
Variable Rate Pennsylvania Economic Development Financing Authority
Exempt Facilities Revenue Refunding Bonds, Series 2008A, due 2029
  12,000   12,000 
3.00% Pennsylvania Economic Development Financing Authority Exempt
Facilities Revenue Refunding Bonds, Series A of 2019, due 2036
  10,500   10,500 
3.10% Pennsylvania Economic Development Financing Authority Exempt
Facilities Revenue Refunding Bonds, Series B of 2019, due 2038
  14,870   14,870 
3.23% Senior Notes, due 2040  15,000   15,000 
4.00% - 4.50% York County Industrial Development Authority Exempt
Facilities Revenue Bonds, Series 2015, due 2029 - 2045
  10,000   10,000 
4.54% Senior Notes, due 2049  20,000   20,000 
3.24% Senior Notes, due 2050  30,000   30,000 
Committed Line of Credit, due 2022  5,170   6,700 
Total long-term debt  125,040   126,570 
Less discount on issuance of long-term debt  (178)  (181)
Less unamortized debt issuance costs  (2,775)  (2,816)
Long-term portion $122,087  $123,573 

5.  Interest Rate Swap Agreement

The Company is exposed to certain risks relating to its ongoing business operations.  The primary risk managed by using derivative instruments is interest rate risk.  The Company utilizes an interest rate swap agreement to effectively convert the Company's $12,000 variable-rate debt issue to a fixed rate.  Interest rate swaps are contracts in which a series of interest rate cash flows are exchanged over a prescribed period.  The notional amount on which the interest payments are based ($12,000) is not exchanged.  The interest rate swap provides that the Company pays the counterparty a fixed interest rate of 3.16% on the notional amount of $12,000.  In exchange, the counterparty pays the Company a variable interest rate based on 59% of the U.S. Dollar one-month LIBOR rate on the notional amount.  The intent is for the variable rate received from the swap counterparty to approximate the variable rate the Company pays to bondholders on its variable rate debt issue, resulting in a fixed rate being paid to the swap counterparty and reducing the Company's interest rate risk.  The Company's net payment rate on the swap was 2.95% and 2.28% during the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

The interest rate swap agreement is classified as a financial derivative used for non-trading activities.  The accounting standards regarding accounting for derivatives and hedging activities require companies to recognize all derivative instruments as either assets or liabilities at fair value on the balance sheet.  In accordance with the standards, the interest rate swap is recorded on the balance sheet in other deferred credits at fair value (see Note 6).

The Company uses regulatory accounting treatment rather than hedge accounting to defer the unrealized gains and losses on its interest rate swap.  These unrealized gains and losses are recorded as a regulatory asset.  Based on current ratemaking treatment, the Company expects the unrealized gains and losses to be recognized in rates as a component of interest expense as the swap settlements occur.  Swap settlements are recorded in the income statement with the hedged item as interest expense.  Swap settlements resulted in the reclassification from regulatory assets to interest expense of $91 and $69 for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The overall swap result was a (gain) loss of $(431) and $712 for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.  The Company expects to reclassify $369 from regulatory assets to interest expense as a result of swap settlements over the next 12 months.

The interest rate swap agreement contains provisions that require the Company to maintain a credit rating of at least BBB- with Standard & Poor's.  If the Company's rating were to fall below this rating, it would be in violation of these provisions, and the counterparty to the derivative could request immediate payment if the derivative was in a liability position.  On October 21, 2020 Standard & Poor's affirmed the Company's credit rating at A-, with a stable outlook and adequate liquidity.  The Company's interest rate swap was in a liability position as of March 31, 2021.  If a violation due to credit rating, or some other default provision, were triggered on March 31, 2021, the Company would have been required to pay the counterparty approximately $2,237.

The interest rate swap will expire on October 1, 2029.  Other than the interest rate swap, the Company has no other derivative instruments.


6.  Fair Value of Financial Instruments 

The accounting standards regarding fair value measurements establish a fair value hierarchy which indicates the extent to which inputs used in measuring fair value are observable in the market.  Level 1 inputs include quoted prices for identical instruments and are the most observable.  Level 2 inputs include quoted prices for similar assets and observable inputs such as interest rates, commodity rates and yield curves.  Level 3 inputs are not observable in the market and include management’s own judgments about the assumptions market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability.

The Company has recorded its interest rate swap liability at fair value in accordance with the standards.  The liability is recorded under the caption “Other deferred credits” on the balance sheet.  The table below illustrates the fair value of the interest rate swap as of the end of the reporting period.

Description
March 31, 2021
Fair Value Measurements
at Reporting Date Using
Significant Other Observable Inputs (Level 2)
Interest Rate Swap$2,209$2,209

Fair values are measured as the present value of all expected future cash flows based on the LIBOR-based swap yield curve as of the date of the valuation.  These inputs to this calculation are deemed to be Level 2 inputs.  The balance sheet carrying value reflects the Company's credit quality as of March 31, 2021.  The rate used in discounting all prospective cash flows anticipated to be made under this swap reflects a representation of the yield to maturity for 30-year debt on utilities rated A- as of March 31, 2021.  The use of the Company's credit rating resulted in a reduction in the fair value of the swap liability of $28 as of March 31, 2021.  The fair value of the swap reflecting the Company's credit quality as of December 31, 2020 is shown in the table below.
 
Description
December 31, 2020
Fair Value Measurements
at Reporting Date Using
Significant Other Observable Inputs (Level 2)
Interest Rate Swap$2,731$2,731

The carrying amount of current assets and liabilities that are considered financial instruments approximates fair value as of the dates presented.  The Company's total long-term debt, with a carrying value of $125,040 at March 31, 2021, and $126,570 at December 31, 2020, had an estimated fair value of approximately $136,000 and $151,000, respectively.  The estimated fair value of debt was calculated using a discounted cash flow technique that incorporates a market interest yield curve with adjustments for duration and risk profile.  These inputs to this calculation are deemed to be Level 2 inputs.  The Company recognized its credit rating in determining the yield curve, and did not factor in third party credit enhancements including the letter of credit on the 2008 Pennsylvania Economic Development Financing Authority Series A issue.

Customers' advances for construction and note receivable had carrying values at March 31, 2021 of $10,828 and $255, respectively.  At December 31, 2020, customers' advances for construction and note receivable had carrying values of $10,326 and $255, respectively.  The relative fair values of these amounts cannot be accurately estimated since the timing of future payment streams is dependent upon several factors, including new customer connections, customer consumption levels and future rate increases.


7.  Commitments

The Company entered into a consent order agreement with the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection in December 2016 after the Company determined it exceeded the action level for lead as established by the Lead and Copper Rule, or LCR, issued by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.  The Company did not have an exceedance in any subsequent compliance test.  Under the agreement, the Company successfully completed its commitment to exceed the LCR replacement schedule by replacing all the known company-owned lead service lines within four years from the agreement.  Any additional company-owned lead service lines that are discovered will be replaced and included in utility plant but are not expected to have a material impact on the financial position of the Company.

The Company was granted approval by the Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission, or PPUC, to modify its tariff to include the cost of the annual replacement of up to 400 lead customer-owned service lines over nine years from the agreement.  The tariff modification allows the Company to replace customer-owned service lines at its own initial cost.  The Company will record the costs as a regulatory asset to be recovered in future base rates to customers, over a four-year period.  The cost for the customer-owned lead service line replacements was approximately $1,222 and $1,204 through March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively, and is included as a regulatory asset.  Based on its experience, the Company estimates that lead customer-owned service lines replacements will cost $1,500.  This estimate is subject to adjustment as more facts become available.

8.  Revenue

The following table shows the Company’s revenues disaggregated by service and customer type.

  
Three Months
Ended March 31
 
  2021  2020 
Water utility service:      
Residential $8,145  $8,077 
Commercial and industrial  3,310   3,341 
Fire protection  806   801 
Wastewater utility service:        
Residential  471   410 
Commercial and industrial  79   76 
Billing and revenue collection services  119   15 
Collection services     14 
Other revenue  10   5 
Total Revenue from Contracts with Customers  12,940   12,739 
Rents from regulated property  141   138 
Total Operating Revenue $13,081  $12,877 

Utility Service
The Company provides utility service as a distinct and single performance obligation to each of its water and wastewater customers.  The transaction price is detailed in the tariff pursuant to an order by the PPUC and made publicly available.  There is no variable consideration and no free service, special rates, or subnormal charges to any customer.  Due to the fact that the contract includes a single performance obligation, no judgment is required to allocate the transaction price.  The performance obligation is satisfied over time through the continuous provision of utility service through a stand-ready obligation to perform and the transfer of water or the collection of wastewater through a series of distinct transactions that are identical in nature and have the same pattern of transfer to the customer.  The Company uses an output method to recognize the utility service revenue over time.  The stand-ready obligation is recognized through the passage of time in the form of a fixed charge and the transfer of water or the collection of wastewater is recognized at a per unit rate based on the actual or estimated flow through the meter.  Each customer is invoiced every month and the invoice is due within twenty days.  The utility service has no returns or warranties associated with it.  No revenue is recognized from performance obligations satisfied in prior periods and no performance obligations remain unsatisfied as of the end of the reporting period.  A contract asset for unbilled revenue is recognized for the passage of time and the actual or estimated usage from the latest meter reading to the end of the accounting period.  The methodology is standardized and consistently applied to reduce bias and the need for judgment.

Billing and Revenue Collection Service
The Company provides billing and revenue collection service as distinct performance obligations to three municipalities within the service territory of the Company.  The municipalities provide wastewater service to their residents and the Company acts as the billing and revenue collection agent for the municipalities.  The transaction price is a fixed amount per bill prepared as established in the contract.  There is no variable consideration.  Due to the fact that both the billing performance obligation and the revenue collection performance obligation are materially complete by the end of the reporting period, the Company does not allocate the transaction price between the two performance obligations.  The performance obligations are satisfied at a point in time when the bills are sent as the municipalities receive all the benefits and bears all of the risk of non-collection at that time.  Each municipality is invoiced when the bills are complete and the invoice is due within thirty days.  The billing and revenue collection service has no returns or warranties associated with it.  No revenue is recognized from performance obligations satisfied in prior periods and no performance obligations remain unsatisfied as of the end of the reporting period.

Collection Service
The Company provides collection service as a distinct and single performance obligation to several municipalities within the service territory of the Company.  The municipalities provide wastewater service to their residents.  If those residents are delinquent in paying for their wastewater service, the municipalities request that the Company post for and shut off the supply of water to the premises of those residents.  When the resident is no longer delinquent, the Company will restore water service to the premises.  The transaction price for each posting, each shut off, and each restoration is a fixed amount as established in the contract.  There is no variable consideration.  Due to the fact that the contract includes a single performance obligation, no judgment is required to allocate the transaction price.  The performance obligation is satisfied at a point in time when the posting, shut off, or restoration is completed as the municipalities receive all the benefits in the form of payment or no longer providing wastewater service.  Each municipality is invoiced periodically for the posting, shut offs, and restorations that have been completed since the last billing and the invoice is due within thirty days.  The collection service has no returns or warranties associated with it.  No revenue is recognized from performance obligations satisfied in prior periods and no performance obligations remain unsatisfied as of the end of the reporting period.  A contract asset for unbilled revenue is recognized for postings, shut offs, and restorations that have been completed from the last billing to the end of the accounting period.

Service Line Protection Plan
The Company provides service line protection as a distinct and single performance obligation to current water customers that choose to participate.  The transaction price is detailed in the plan’s terms and conditions and made publicly available.  There is no variable consideration.  Due to the fact that the contract includes a single performance obligation, no judgment is required to allocate the transaction price.  The performance obligation is satisfied over time through the continuous provision of service line protection through a stand-ready obligation to perform.  The Company uses an output method to recognize the service line protection revenue over time.  The stand-ready obligation is recognized through the passage of time.  A customer has a choice to prepay for an entire year or to pay in advance each month.  The service line protection plan has no returns or extended warranties associated with it.  No revenue is recognized from performance obligations satisfied in prior periods and no material performance obligations remain unsatisfied as of the end of the reporting period.


9.  Rate Matters
 
From time to time, the Company files applications for rate increases with the PPUC and is granted rate relief as a result of such requests.  Most recently, the PPUC authorized an increase in rates effective March 1, 2019.

The PPUC permits water utilities to collect a distribution system improvement charge, or DSIC. The DSIC allows the Company to add a charge to customers' bills for qualified replacement costs of certain infrastructure without submitting a rate filing.  This surcharge mechanism typically adjusts periodically based on additional qualified capital expenditures completed or anticipated in a future period.  The DSIC is capped at 5% of base rates, and is reset to zero when new base rates that reflect the costs of those additions become effective or when a utility's earnings exceed a regulatory benchmark. The DSIC reset to zero when the new base rates took effect March 1, 2019.  Since the reset, the Company's earnings have exceeded the regulatory benchmark, preventing the collection of a DSIC.  There were no DSIC revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020.

10.  Pensions
 
Components of Net Periodic Pension Cost

  
Three Months
Ended March 31
 
  2021  2020 
       
Service cost $271  $234 
Interest cost  302   364 
Expected return on plan assets  (913)  (799)
Amortization of actuarial loss  121   92 
Amortization of prior service credit  (3)  (3)
Rate-regulated adjustment  797   687 
Net periodic pension expense $575  $575 

Pension service cost is recorded in operating expenses.  All other components of net periodic pension cost are recorded as other pension costs in other income (expenses).

Employer Contributions
 
The Company previously disclosed in its financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2020 that it expected to contribute $2,300 to its pension plans in 2021.  For the three months ended March 31, 2021, contributions of $575 have been made.  The Company expects to contribute the remaining $1,725 during the final three quarters of 2021.


11.  Stock-Based Compensation

On May 2, 2016, the Company’s stockholders approved The York Water Company Long-Term Incentive Plan, or LTIP.  The LTIP was adopted to provide the incentive of long-term stock-based awards to officers, directors and key employees. The LTIP provides for the granting of nonqualified stock options, incentive stock options, stock appreciation rights, performance restricted stock grants and units, restricted stock grants and units, and unrestricted stock grants.  A maximum of 100,000 shares of common stock may be issued under the LTIP over the ten-year life of the plan.  The maximum number of shares of common stock subject to awards that may be granted to any participant in any one calendar year is 2,000.  Shares of common stock issued under the LTIP may be treasury shares or authorized but unissued shares.  The LTIP will be administered by the Compensation Committee of the Board, or the full Board, provided that the full Board will administer the LTIP as it relates to awards to non-employee directors of the Company.  The Company filed a registration statement with the Securities and Exchange Commission on May 11, 2016 covering the offering of stock under the LTIP.  The LTIP was effective on July 1, 2016.
  
On August 19, 2019, the Board accelerated the vesting period for restricted stock granted in 2017, 2018, and 2019 to one retiring officer from three years to that officer’s 2020 retirement date which had been fully recognized as of March 31, 2020.

The restricted stock awards provide the grantee with the rights of a shareholder, including the right to receive dividends and to vote such shares, but not the right to sell or otherwise transfer the shares during the restriction period.  As a result, the awards are included in common shares outstanding on the balance sheet.  Restricted stock awards result in compensation expense valued at the fair market value of the stock on the date of the grant and are amortized ratably over the restriction period.

No long-term stock-based awards were granted under the LTIP during the three months ended March 31, 2021. No previously issued restricted stock awards vested or were forfeited during the three months ended March 31, 2021.For the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, the statement of income includes $28 and $37 of stock-based compensation, respectively, and related recognized tax benefits of $8 and $11, respectively.  Total stock based compensation related to nonvested awards not yet recognized is $263 which will be recognized over the remaining three year vesting period.

12.  Income Taxes

The Company filed for a change in accounting method under the Internal Revenue Service tangible property regulations, or TPR, effective in 2014.  Under the change in accounting method, the Company is permitted to deduct the costs of certain asset improvements that were previously being capitalized and depreciated for tax purposes as an expense on its income tax return.  This ongoing deduction results in a reduction in the effective income tax rate, a net reduction in income tax expense, and a reduction in the amount of income taxes currently payable.  It also results in increases to deferred tax liabilities and regulatory assets representing the appropriate book and tax basis difference on capital additions.

The Company’s effective tax rate was 7.3% and 12.4% for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.  The lower effective tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2021 is primarily due to higher deductions from the TPR.  The effective tax rate will vary depending on the level of eligible asset improvements expensed for tax purposes under TPR each period.


Item 2.
Management's Discussion and Analysis of
Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
(In thousands of dollars, except per share amounts)
 
Forward-looking Statements

Certain statements contained in this report on Form 10-Q constitute “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933.  Words such as "may," "should," "believe," "anticipate," "estimate," "expect," "intend," "plan" and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements.  These forward-looking statements include certain information relating to the Company’s business strategy; statements including, but not limited to:

the amount and timing of rate changes and other regulatory matters including the recovery of costs recorded as regulatory assets;
expected profitability and results of operations;
trends;
goals, priorities and plans for, and cost of, growth and expansion;
strategic initiatives;
availability of water supply;
water usage by customers; and
the ability to pay dividends on common stock and the rate of those dividends.

The forward-looking statements in this report reflect what the Company currently anticipates will happen.  What actually happens could differ materially from what it currently anticipates will happen.  The Company does not intend to make a public announcement when forward-looking statements in this report are no longer accurate, whether as a result of new information, what actually happens in the future or for any other reason.  Important matters that may affect what will actually happen include, but are not limited to:
changes in weather, including drought conditions or extended periods of heavy rainfall;
natural disasters, including pandemics such as the current outbreak of the novel strain of coronavirus known as “COVID-19” and the effectiveness of the Company’s pandemic plans;
levels of rate relief granted;
the level of commercial and industrial business activity within the Company's service territory;
construction of new housing within the Company's service territory and increases in population;
changes in government policies or regulations, including the tax code;
the ability to obtain permits for expansion projects;
material changes in demand from customers, including the impact of conservation efforts which may reduce the demand of customers for water;
changes in economic and business conditions, including interest rates;
loss of customers;
changes in, or unanticipated, capital requirements;
the impact of acquisitions;
changes in accounting pronouncements;
changes in the Company’s credit rating or the market price of its common stock; and
the ability to obtain financing.


General Information

The primary business of the Company is to impound, purify to meet or exceed safe drinking water standards and distribute water.  The Company also owns and operates two wastewater collection systems and five wastewater collection and treatment systems.  The Company operates within its franchised water and wastewater territory, which covers portions of 51 municipalities within three counties in south-central Pennsylvania.  The Company is regulated by the Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission, or PPUC, for both water and wastewater in the areas of billing, payment procedures, dispute processing, terminations, service territory, debt and equity financing and rate setting.  The Company must obtain PPUC approval before changing any practices associated with the aforementioned areas.

Water service is supplied through the Company's own distribution system.  The Company obtains the bulk of its water supply from both the South Branch and East Branch of the Codorus Creek, which together have an average daily flow of 73.0 million gallons.  This combined watershed area is approximately 117 square miles.  The Company has two reservoirs, Lake Williams and Lake Redman, which together hold up to approximately 2.2 billion gallons of water.  The Company supplements its reservoirs with a 15-mile pipeline from the Susquehanna River to Lake Redman which provides access to an additional supply of 12.0 million gallons of untreated water per day.  The Company also owns nine wells which are capable of providing a safe yield of approximately 597,000 gallons per day to supply water to the customers of its satellite systems in Adams County.  As of March 31, 2021, the Company's average daily availability was 35.6 million gallons, and average daily consumption was approximately 19.7 million gallons.  The Company's service territory had an estimated population of 202,000 as of December 31, 2020.  Industry within the Company's service territory is diversified, manufacturing such items as fixtures and furniture, electrical machinery, food products, paper, ordnance units, textile products, air conditioning systems, laundry detergent, barbells, and motorcycles.

The Company's water business is somewhat dependent on weather conditions, particularly the amount and timing of rainfall.  Revenues are particularly vulnerable to weather conditions in the summer months.  Prolonged periods of hot and dry weather generally cause increased water usage for watering lawns, washing cars, and keeping golf courses and sports fields irrigated.  Conversely, prolonged periods of dry weather could lead to drought restrictions from governmental authorities.  Despite the Company’s adequate water supply, customers may be required to cut back water usage under such drought restrictions which would negatively impact revenues.  The Company has addressed some of this vulnerability by instituting minimum customer charges which are intended to cover fixed costs of operations under all likely weather conditions.

The Company’s business does not require large amounts of working capital and is not dependent on any single customer or a very few customers for a material portion of its business.  Increases in revenues are generally dependent on the Company’s ability to obtain rate increases from the PPUC in a timely manner and in adequate amounts and to increase volumes of water sold through increased consumption and increases in the number of customers served.  The Company continuously looks for water and wastewater acquisition and expansion opportunities both within and outside its current service territory as well as additional opportunities to enter into bulk water contracts with municipalities and other entities to supply water.

The Company has agreements with several municipalities to provide sewer billing and collection services.  The Company also has a service line protection program on a targeted basis in order to further diversify its business.  Under this optional program, customers pay a fixed monthly fee, and the Company will repair or replace damaged customer service lines, as needed, subject to an annual maximum dollar amount.  The Company continues to review and consider opportunities to expand both initiatives.


Impact of COVID-19

In December 2019, an outbreak of a novel strain of coronavirus (“COVID-19”) was reported.  On March 6, 2020, Governor Tom Wolf signed an emergency disaster declaration for the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania which was extended for an additional ninety days four times, most recently on February 19, 2021.  On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization characterized COVID-19 as a pandemic.  Developments in this area continue daily at the local, state, and national levels.  The Company is taking steps, consistent with directions from local, state, and federal authorities, to mitigate known risks with the health and safety of its employees and customers as its first priority.

The Company is an essential, life-sustaining business and has continued normal operations.  The Company continues to monitor guidance from state and local authorities and has made some modifications to its operations in order to comply with Pennsylvania’s guidelines.  This includes implementing enhanced safety procedures in its lobby and when entering customers’ homes and businesses as well as implementing social distancing practices such as halting unnecessary gatherings and travel.  These restrictions are not expected to materially impede the Company’s ability to complete its planned capital expenditures or acquisitions.  The Company has not experienced any supply chain disruptions and continues to maintain relationships with its vendors to identify issues as early as possible.  The Company believes it has sufficient liquidity and access to the capital markets if needed.

As a water and wastewater utility, it is the Company’s mission to provide uninterrupted water and wastewater service.  Due to the effect of COVID-19 on the general public, in compliance with an order from the PPUC, the Company paused shut-off procedures for delinquent customers on March 13, 2020.  In addition, the Company stopped billing late payment charges.  These customers were billed at normal tariff rates for the water they used, and wastewater service provided.  As allowed by the PPUC, the Company resumed normal shut-off procedures and began billing late payment charges for most customers in January 2021.  Remaining PPUC required customer protections specific to the COVID-19 pandemic fully expired on April 1, 2021 with the exception of the requirement to offer extended term payment agreements to certain “protected customers” as defined by PPUC order.  Certain customers are eligible to receive utility assistance made available through federal relief funds through organizations not related to the Company.

The Company may continue to experience changes in demand as the response to this pandemic continues.  The duration and magnitude of these changes is currently unknown and difficult to predict.

To date, there has been no material impact on the Company’s workforce, operations, financial performance, liquidity, or supply chain as a result of COVID-19.  However, the ultimate duration and severity of the pandemic or its effects on the economy, the capital and credit markets, or the Company’s workforce, customers, and suppliers, as well as governmental and regulatory responses, are uncertain.


Results of Operations

Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 Compared
With Three Months Ended March 31, 2020

Net income for the first quarter of 2021 was $3,705, a decrease of $297, or 7.4%, from net income of $4,002 for the same period of 2020.  The primary contributing factors to the decrease were a prior year gain on life insurance, not repeated this year, and higher expenses, which were partially offset by lower income taxes and higher operating revenues.

Operating revenues for the first quarter of 2021 increased $204, or 1.6%, from $12,877 for the three months ended March 31, 2020 to $13,081 for the corresponding 2021 period.  The increase was primarily due to growth in the customer base.  The average number of water customers served in 2021 increased as compared to 2020 by 824 customers, from 68,585 to 69,409 customers.  The average number of wastewater customers served in 2021 increased as compared to 2020 by 345 customers, from 2,950 to 3,295 customers, due to acquisitions during 2020.  Total per capita consumption for the first quarter of 2021 was approximately 0.1% lower than the same period of last year, but residential demand increased.  Additional billing and revenue collection services also added to revenues.  For the remainder of the year, the Company expects revenues to show a modest increase due to higher summer demand and an increase in the number of water and wastewater customers from acquisitions and growth within the Company’s service territory.  The duration and severity of the COVID-19 pandemic including any resulting economic slowdown or changes in consumption patterns could impact results.  Other regulatory actions and weather patterns could also impact results.

Operating expenses for the first quarter of 2021 increased $466, or 6.4%, from $7,261 for the first quarter of 2020 to $7,727 for the corresponding 2021 period.  The increase was primarily due to higher expenses of approximately $150 for depreciation, $95 for wastewater treatment, $79 for water treatment and distribution system maintenance, and $67 for insurance.  Other expenses increased by a net of $114.  The increased expenses were partially offset by reduced expenses of $39 for purchased power.  For the remainder of the year, the Company expects depreciation expense to continue to rise due to additional investment in utility plant, and other expenses to increase at a moderate rate as costs to treat water and wastewater, and to maintain and extend the distribution system, continue to rise.

Interest on debt for the first quarter of 2021 increased $19, or 1.6%, from $1,195 for the first quarter of 2020 to $1,214 for the corresponding 2021 period.  The increase was primarily due to an increase in long-term debt outstanding.  The average debt outstanding under the lines of credit was $6,821 for the first quarter of 2021 and $8,459 for the first quarter of 2020.  The weighted average interest rate on the lines of credit was 1.30% for the quarter ended March 31, 2021 and 2.84% for the quarter ended March 31, 2020.  Interest expense for the remainder of the year is expected to slightly higher due to continued borrowings under the line of credit.

Allowance for funds used during construction increased $161, from $101 in the first quarter of 2020 to $262 in the corresponding 2021 period due to a higher volume of eligible construction.  Allowance for funds used during construction for the remainder of the year is expected to increase based on a projected increase in the amount of eligible construction.

A non-recurring gain on life insurance of $515 was recorded in the first quarter of 2020 as a result of a death benefit from a life insurance policy.  No similar gains are anticipated at this time.

Other income (expenses), net for the first quarter of 2021 reflects decreased expenses of $24 as compared to the same period of 2020.  Higher earnings on life insurance policies were the primary reason for the decrease.  For the remainder of the year, other income (expenses) will be largely determined by the change in market returns and discount rates for retirement programs and related assets.

Income taxes for the first quarter of 2021 decreased $277, or 48.7%, compared to the same period of 2020 primarily due to higher deductions from the Internal Revenue Service, or IRS, tangible property regulations, or TPR.  The Company’s effective tax rate was 7.3% for the first quarter of 2021 and 12.4% for the first quarter of 2020.  The Company's effective tax rate for the remainder of 2021 will largely be determined by the level of eligible asset improvements expensed for tax purposes under TPR each period.


Rate Matters

See Note 9 to the financial statements included herein for a discussion of rate matters.

The Company does not expect to file a rate increase request in 2021.


Acquisitions and Growth

On October 8, 2013, the Company signed an agreement to purchase the wastewater collection and treatment assets of SYC WWTP, L.P. in Shrewsbury and Springfield Townships, York County, Pennsylvania.  On July 1, 2020, the Company signed an agreement to purchase the Albright Trailer Park water assets and wastewater collection assets of R.T. Barclay, Inc. in Springfield Township, York County, Pennsylvania.  Completion of the acquisitions is contingent upon receiving approval from all required regulatory authorities.  Closing is expected in 2021, at which time the Company will add approximately 90 combined wastewater customers and approximately 60 water customers through an interconnection with its current water distribution system.  The wastewater customers of the Albright Trailer Park are currently served by SYC WWTP, L.P. and the water customers are currently served by the Company, each through a single customer connection to the park.

On March 4, 2019, the Company signed an agreement to purchase the wastewater collection assets of West Manheim Township in York County, Pennsylvania.  Completion of the acquisition is contingent upon receiving approval from all required regulatory authorities.  Closing is expected in 2021 at which time the Company will add approximately 1,800 wastewater customers.  These wastewater customers are currently water customers of the Company.

On May 27, 2020, the Company signed an agreement to purchase the water assets and wastewater collection and treatment assets of Country View Manor Community, LLC in Washington Township, York County, Pennsylvania.  Completion of the acquisition is contingent upon receiving approval from all required regulatory authorities.  Closing is expected in 2021 at which time the Company will add approximately 50 water and wastewater customers.

On April 22, 2021, the Company signed an agreement to purchase the water assets and wastewater collection and treatment assets jointly owned by Letterkenny Industrial Development Authority and Franklin County General Authority in Letterkenny and Greene Townships, Franklin County, Pennsylvania.  Completion of the acquisition is contingent upon receiving approval from all required regulatory authorities.  Closing is expected in 2021 at which time the Company will add approximately 90 water and wastewater customers.

In total, these acquisitions are expected to be immaterial to Company results.  The Company is also pursuing other bulk water contracts and acquisitions in and around its service territory to help offset any further declines in per capita water consumption and to grow its business.
On May 10, 2017, the Company signed an emergency interconnect agreement with Dallastown-Yoe Water Authority.  The effectiveness of this agreement is contingent upon receiving approval from all required regulatory authorities.  Approval is expected to be granted in 2021 at which time the Company will begin construction of a water main extension to a single point of interconnection and either supply a minimum agreed upon amount of water to the authority, receive a payment in lieu of water, or provide water during an emergency, at current tariff rates.


Capital Expenditures

For the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company invested $7,431 in construction expenditures for routine items as well as various replacements and improvements to infrastructure.  The Company was able to fund construction expenditures using internally-generated funds, line of credit borrowings, proceeds from its stock purchase plans and customer advances and contributions from developers, municipalities, customers, or builders.

The Company anticipates construction expenditures for the remainder of 2021 of approximately $26,100 exclusive of any potential acquisitions not yet approved.  In addition to routine transmission and distribution projects, a portion of the anticipated expenditures will be for additional main extensions, an elevated water tank, an upgrade to the enterprise software system, completion of a wastewater treatment plant, and various replacements and improvements to infrastructure.  The Company intends to use primarily internally-generated funds for its anticipated construction and fund the remainder through cash, line of credit borrowings, proceeds from its stock purchase plans and customer advances and contributions.  Customer advances and contributions are expected to account for between 5% and 10% of funding requirements during the remainder of 2021.  The Company believes it will have adequate credit facilities and access to the capital markets, if necessary, to meet its anticipated capital needs in the remainder of 2021.


Liquidity and Capital Resources

Cash
The Company manages its cash through a cash management account that is directly connected to its line of credit.  Excess cash generated automatically pays down outstanding borrowings under the line of credit arrangement.  If there are no outstanding borrowings, the cash is used as an earnings credit to reduce banking fees.  Likewise, if additional funds are needed beyond what is generated internally for payroll, to pay suppliers, to fund capital expenditures, or to pay debt service, funds are automatically borrowed under the line of credit.  As of March 31, 2021, the Company borrowed $5,170 on its line of credit and had a cash balance of $55.  The cash and the cash management facility connected to the line of credit are expected to provide the necessary liquidity and funding for the Company's operations, capital expenditures, acquisitions, and potential buybacks of stock for the foreseeable future.

Accounts Receivable
The accounts receivable balance tends to follow the change in revenues but is also affected by the timeliness of payments by customers and the level of the reserve for doubtful accounts.  For the three months ended March 31, 2021, a strengthening in the timeliness of payments, compared to the three months ended December 31, 2020, resulted in a decrease in accounts receivable – customers.  A reserve is maintained at a level considered adequate to provide for losses that can be reasonably anticipated based on inactive accounts with outstanding balances.  Management periodically evaluates the adequacy of the reserve based on past experience, agings of the receivables, adverse situations that may affect a customer’s ability to pay, current economic conditions, and other relevant factors.  During 2021, management’s assessment included consideration of the COVID-19 pandemic along with past trends during times of economic instability and regulations from the PPUC regarding customer turn-offs and collections and determined its allowance for doubtful accounts should remain elevated compared to historical norms.  If the status of these factors deteriorates, the Company may incur additional expenses for uncollectible accounts and experience a reduction in its internally-generated funds.

Internally-generated Funds
The amount of internally-generated funds available for operations and construction depends on the Company’s ability to obtain timely and adequate rate relief, changes in regulations including taxes, customers’ water usage, weather conditions, customer growth and controlled expenses.  During the first three months of 2021, the Company generated $6,597 internally from operations as compared to the $4,742 it generated during the first three months of 2020, primarily due to higher net income when adjusted for the non-cash gain on life insurance in 2020 and a decrease in accounts receivable – customers due to a strengthening in the timeliness of payments.

Credit Lines
Historically, the Company has borrowed $15,000 to $20,000 under its lines of credit before refinancing with long-term debt or equity capital.  As of March 31, 2021, the Company maintained an unsecured line of credit in the amount of $50,000 at an interest rate of LIBOR plus 1.05% with an unused commitment fee and an interest rate floor which matures September 2022.  The Company had $5,170 in outstanding borrowings under its line of credit as of March 31, 2021.  The interest rate on the line of credit borrowings as of March 31, 2021 was 1.30%.  The Company expects to extend the maturity for this line of credit into 2023 under similar terms and conditions.

The Company has taken steps to manage the risk of reduced credit availability.  It has established a committed line of credit with an increase in the total amount available and a 2-year revolving maturity that cannot be called on demand.  There is no guarantee that the Company will be able to obtain sufficient lines of credit with favorable terms in the future.  If the Company is unable to obtain sufficient lines of credit or to refinance its line of credit borrowings with long-term debt or equity when necessary, it may have to eliminate or postpone capital expenditures.  Management believes the Company will have adequate capacity under its current lines of credit to meet anticipated financing needs throughout 2021.

Long-term Debt
The Company’s loan agreements contain various covenants and restrictions.  Management believes it is currently in compliance with all of these restrictions.  See Note 6 to the financial statements included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 for additional information regarding these restrictions.

The Company’s total long-term debt as a percentage of the total capitalization, defined as total common stockholders’ equity plus total long-term debt, was 46.3% as of March 31, 2021, compared with 46.9% as of December 31, 2020.  The Company expects to allow the debt percentage to trend upward until it approaches fifty percent before considering additional equity.  A debt to total capitalization ratio between forty-six and fifty percent has historically been acceptable to the PPUC in rate filings.  Due to its ability to generate more cash internally, the Company has been able to keep its ratio below fifty percent.

The variable rate line of credit and the interest rate swap of the Company use the LIBOR as a benchmark for establishing the rates.  The United Kingdom’s Financial Conduct Authority, which regulates LIBOR, has announced that it intends to stop encouraging or compelling banks to submit rates for the calculation of LIBOR rates.  For most LIBOR rates, the cessation date is expected to be June 30, 2023.  The Company’s line of credit agreement explicitly states that another index may be used if LIBOR is discontinued or otherwise unavailable.  The Company believes that it is implicit in its other agreements that a successor rate to LIBOR may be used.  The Company is not yet aware what successor rate will be used and therefore cannot estimate the impact to the Company’s financial position, results of operations and cash flows, but it could include an increase in the cost of the variable rate indebtedness.

Income Taxes, Deferred Income Taxes and Uncertain Tax Positions
The Company filed for a change in accounting method under the IRS TPR effective in 2014.  Under the change in accounting method, the Company is permitted to deduct the costs of certain asset improvements that were previously being capitalized and depreciated for tax purposes as an expense on its income tax return.  This ongoing deduction results in a reduction in the effective income tax rate, a net reduction in income tax expense, and a reduction in the amount of income taxes currently payable.  It also results in increases to deferred tax liabilities and regulatory assets representing the appropriate book and tax basis difference on capital additions.  The Company expects to continue to expense these asset improvements in the future.
The Company’s effective tax rate will largely be determined by the level of eligible asset improvements expensed for tax purposes that would have been capitalized for tax purposes prior to the implementation of TPR.

The Company has a substantial deferred income tax asset primarily due to the excess accumulated deferred income taxes on accelerated depreciation from the 2017 Tax Act and the differences between the book and tax balances of the customers’ advances for construction and contributions in aid of construction and deferred compensation plans.  The Company does not believe a valuation allowance is required due to the expected generation of future taxable income during the periods in which those temporary differences become deductible.

The Company has seen an increase in its deferred income tax liability amounts primarily as a result of the accelerated depreciation deduction available for federal tax purposes which creates differences between book and tax depreciation expense.  The Company expects this trend to continue as it makes significant investments in capital expenditures subject to accelerated depreciation or TPR.

The Company has determined there are no uncertain tax positions that require recognition as of March 31, 2021.

Common Stock
Common stockholders’ equity as a percent of the total capitalization was 53.7% as of March 31, 2021, compared with 53.1% as of December 31, 2020.  The volume of share repurchases and higher debt from capital expenditures, among other things, could reduce this percentage in the future.  It is the Company’s general intent to target a ratio between fifty and fifty-four percent.

Credit Rating
On October 21, 2020, Standard & Poor’s affirmed the Company’s credit rating at A-, with a stable outlook and adequate liquidity.  The Company’s ability to maintain its credit rating depends, among other things, on adequate and timely rate relief, which it has been successful in obtaining, its ability to fund capital expenditures in a balanced manner using both debt and equity and its ability to generate cash flow.  The Company’s objectives are to continue to maximize its funds provided by operations and maintain a strong capital structure in order to be able to attract capital.


Physical and Cyber Security

The Company maintains security measures at its facilities, and collaborates with federal, state, and local authorities and industry trade associations regarding information on possible threats and security measures for water and wastewater utility operations.  The costs incurred are expected to be recoverable in water and wastewater rates and are not expected to have a material impact on its business, financial condition, or results of operations.

The Company relies on information technology systems in connection with the operation of the business, especially with respect to customer service, billing, accounting, and in some cases, the monitoring and operation of treatment, storage, and pumping facilities.  In addition, the Company relies on these systems to track utility assets and to manage maintenance and construction projects, materials and supplies, and human resource functions.  The information technology systems may be vulnerable to damage or interruption from cyber security attacks or other cyber-related events, including, but not limited to, power loss, computer systems failures, internet, telecommunications or data network failures, physical and electronic loss of data, computer viruses, intentional security breaches, hacking, denial of service actions, misappropriation of data, and similar events.  In some cases, administration of certain functions may be outsourced to third-party service providers that could also be targets of cyber security attacks.  A loss of these systems, or major problems with the operation of these systems, could harm the business, financial condition, and results of operations of the Company through the loss or compromise of customer, financial, employee, or operational data, disruption of billing, collections or normal field service activities, disruption of electronic monitoring and control of operational systems, and delays in financial reporting and other normal management functions.

Possible impacts associated with a cyber security attack or other events may include remediation costs related to lost, stolen, or compromised data, repairs to data processing systems, increased cyber security protection costs, adverse effects on our compliance with regulatory and environmental laws and regulation, including standards for drinking water, litigation, and reputational damage.
The Company has implemented processes, procedures, and controls to prevent or limit the effect of these possible events, and maintains insurance to help defray costs associated with cyber security attacks.  The Company has not experienced a material impact on business or operations from these attacks.  Although the Company does not believe its systems are at a materially greater risk of cyber security attacks than other similar organizations and despite the implementation of robust security measures, the Company cannot provide assurance that the insurance will fully cover the costs of a cyber security event, and its robust security measures do not guarantee that reputation and financial results will not be adversely affected by such an incident.


Environmental Matters

The Company entered into a consent order agreement with the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection in December 2016 after the Company determined it exceeded the action level for lead as established by the Lead and Copper Rule, or LCR, issued by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.  The Company did not have an exceedance in any subsequent compliance test.  Under the agreement, the Company successfully completed its commitment to exceed the LCR replacement schedule by replacing all the known company-owned lead service lines within four years from the agreement.  Any additional company-owned lead service lines that are discovered will be replaced and included in utility plant but are not expected to have a material impact on the financial position of the Company.

The Company was granted approval by the PPUC to modify its tariff to include the cost of the annual replacement of up to 400 lead customer-owned service lines over nine years from the agreement.  The tariff modification allows the Company to replace customer-owned service lines at its own initial cost.  The Company will record the costs as a regulatory asset to be recovered in future base rates to customers, over a four-year period.  The cost for the customer-owned lead service line replacements was approximately $1,222 and $1,204 through March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively, and is included as a regulatory asset.  Based on its experience, the Company estimates that lead customer-owned service lines replacements will cost $1,500.  This estimate is subject to adjustment as more facts become available.


Critical Accounting Estimates

The methods, estimates, and judgments the Company used in applying its accounting policies have a significant impact on the results reported in its financial statements.  The Company’s accounting policies require management to make subjective judgments because of the need to make estimates of matters that are inherently uncertain.  The Company’s most critical accounting estimates include regulatory assets and liabilities, revenue recognition, accounting for its pension plans, and income taxes.  There has been no significant change in accounting estimates or the method of estimation during the quarter ended March 31, 2021.


Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

The Company does not use off-balance sheet transactions, arrangements or obligations that may have a material current or future effect on financial condition, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures, capital resources or significant components of revenues or expenses.  The Company does not use securitization of receivables or unconsolidated entities. For risk management purposes, the Company uses a derivative financial instrument, an interest rate swap agreement discussed in Note 5 to the financial statements included herein.  The Company does not engage in trading or other risk management activities, does not use other derivative financial instruments for any purpose, has no guarantees and does not have material transactions involving related parties.

Item 3.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

Not applicable.


Item 4.
Controls and Procedures.

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

The Company's management, with the participation of the Company's President and Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, evaluated the effectiveness of the Company's disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this report.  Based upon this evaluation, the Company's President and Chief Executive Officer along with the Chief Financial Officer concluded that the Company's disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this report are effective such that the information required to be disclosed by the Company in reports filed under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, is (i) recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC's rules and forms and (ii) accumulated and communicated to the Company’s management, including the President and Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding disclosure.  A controls system cannot provide absolute assurance, however, that the objectives of the controls system are met, and no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, within a company have been detected.

No change in the Company's internal control over financial reporting occurred during the Company's most recent fiscal quarter that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company's internal control over financial reporting.
PART II - OTHER INFORMATION


Item 6.
Exhibits.
 
Exhibit No.
Description

 
 




101.INS
XBRL Instance Document
 
101.SCH
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema
 
101.CAL
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase
 
101.DEF
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase
 
101.LAB
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase
 
101.PRE
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase
 


SIGNATURES


Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.


 THE YORK WATER COMPANY
  
  
 
/s/ Joseph T. Hand
Date: May 4, 2021
Joseph T. Hand
Principal Executive Officer
  
  
  
 
/s/ Matthew E. Poff
Date: May 4, 2021
Matthew E. Poff
Principal Financial and Accounting Officer