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CCMP CMC Materials

Filed: 4 Feb 21, 12:06pm
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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended
December 31, 2020
or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF
THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ________ to ________
Commission File Number 000-30205
CMC Materials, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware36-4324765
(State of Incorporation)(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

870 North Commons Drive60504
AuroraIllinois(Zip Code)
(Address of principal executive offices)
Registrant's telephone number, including area code: (630) 375-6631

Not Applicable
(Former name or former address, if changed since last report)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.001 per shareCCMPNASDAQ

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
YesNo
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).
YesNo
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filerNon-accelerated filer
 
Smaller reporting companyEmerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.         
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
YesNo
As of January 29, 2021, the Company had 29,166,737 shares of Common Stock, par value $0.001 per share, outstanding.


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CMC MATERIALS, INC.
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PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

CMC MATERIALS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(Unaudited and in thousands, except per share amounts)
Three Months Ended December 31,
20202019
Revenue$287,863 $283,143 
Cost of sales164,959 154,461 
Gross profit122,904 128,682 
Operating expenses:
Research, development and technical12,428 12,811 
Selling, general and administrative55,920 54,439 
Asset impairment charges7,347 
Total operating expenses75,695 67,250 
Operating income47,209 61,432 
Interest expense9,608 11,920 
Interest income23 315 
Other income (expense), net1,452 (397)
Income before income taxes39,076 49,430 
Provision for income taxes7,546 10,881 
Net income$31,530 $38,549 
Basic earnings per share$1.08 $1.32 
Diluted earnings per share$1.07 $1.30 
Weighted average basic shares outstanding29,123 29,137 
Weighted average diluted shares outstanding29,598 29,694 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Financial Statements.
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CMC MATERIALS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(Unaudited and in thousands)
Three Months Ended December 31,
20202019
Net income$31,530 $38,549 
Other comprehensive income, net of tax:
Foreign currency translation adjustments21,625 15,851 
Net unrealized (loss) gain on cash flow hedges(2,386)4,259 
Other comprehensive income, net of tax19,239 20,110 
Comprehensive income$50,769 $58,659 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Financial Statements.
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CMC MATERIALS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Unaudited and in thousands, except per share amount)
December 31, 2020September 30, 2020
ASSETS
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$278,895 $257,354 
Accounts receivable, less allowance for doubtful accounts of $643 at December 31, 2020 and $583 at September 30, 2020139,840 134,023 
Inventories157,355 159,134 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets27,830 26,558 
Total current assets603,920 577,069 
Property, plant and equipment, net365,871 362,067 
Goodwill721,621 718,647 
Other intangible assets, net652,593 670,964 
Deferred income taxes7,984 7,713 
Other long-term assets38,957 40,007 
Total assets$2,390,946 $2,376,467 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable$49,266 $49,254 
Current portion of long-term debt10,650 10,650 
Accrued expenses, income taxes payable and other current liabilities98,874 121,442 
Total current liabilities158,790 181,346 
Long-term debt, net of current portion908,834 910,764 
Deferred income taxes108,175 112,212 
Other long-term liabilities106,419 97,832 
Total liabilities1,282,218 1,302,154 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 11)00
Stockholders’ equity:
Common Stock Authorized: 200,000 shares, $0.001 par value; Issued: 40,092 shares at December 31, 2020, and 39,914 shares at September 30, 202040 40 
Capital in excess of par value of common stock1,030,677 1,019,803 
Retained earnings572,441 553,718 
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)5,135 (14,104)
Treasury stock at cost, 10,931 shares at December 31, 2020, and 10,834 shares at September 30, 2020(499,565)(485,144)
Total stockholders’ equity1,108,728 1,074,313 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$2,390,946 $2,376,467 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Financial Statements.
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CMC MATERIALS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited and amounts in thousands)
Three Months Ended December 31,
20202019
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net income$31,530 $38,549 
Adjustments to reconcile Net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization31,891 31,642 
Impairment of assets7,347 
Share-based compensation expense5,851 4,763 
Deferred income tax expense (benefit)(4,342)1,434 
Non-cash foreign exchange (gain)(867)(98)
Amortization of debt issuance costs776 783 
Accretion on Asset Retirement Obligations146 106 
(Gain) loss on disposal of assets(65)
Other(16)1,803 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable(3,989)2,204 
Inventories4,023 (10,037)
Prepaid expenses and other assets2,290 (2,455)
Accounts payable1,190 (5,587)
Accrued expenses, income taxes payable and other liabilities(21,727)(14,989)
Net cash provided by operating activities54,038 48,124 
Cash flows from investing activities:
Additions to property, plant and equipment(11,939)(26,013)
Proceeds from the sale of assets353 543 
Net cash used in investing activities(11,586)(25,470)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Dividends paid(13,260)(12,487)
Repurchases of common stock under Share Repurchase Program(9,201)
Repurchases of common stock withheld for taxes(5,220)(2,897)
Proceeds from issuance of stock5,023 1,448 
Repayment of long-term debt(2,663)(5,326)
Other financing activities(43)(2)
Net cash used in financing activities(25,364)(19,264)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash4,453 2,443 
Increase in cash and cash equivalents21,541 5,833 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period257,354 188,495 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period$278,895 $194,328 
Supplemental Cash Flow Information:
Purchases of property, plant and equipment in accrued liabilities and accounts payable at the end of the period$3,645 $9,043 
Cash paid during the period for lease liabilities1,997 1,897 
Right of use asset obtained in exchange for lease liabilities454 1,155 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Financial Statements.
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CMC MATERIALS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(Unaudited and in thousands, except per share amount)
Three Months Ended December 31,
20202019
Shares$Shares$
Common Stock
Beginning balance39,914 $40 39,592 $40 
Issuance of common stock under stock plans178 127 
Ending balance40,092 40 39,719 40 
Capital in Excess of Par
Beginning balance1,019,803 988,980 
Share-based compensation expense5,851 4,763 
Exercise of stock options1,437 1,298 
Issuance of common stock under Employee Stock Purchase Plan3,371 
Issuance of restricted stock under Deposit Share Program215 150 
Ending balance1,030,677 995,191 
Retained Earnings
Beginning balance553,718 461,501 
Cumulative effect of accounting changes— 488 
Net income31,530 38,549 
Dividends(12,807)(12,351)
Ending balance572,441 488,187 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Beginning balance(14,104)(23,238)
Cumulative effect of accounting changes— (488)
Foreign currency translation adjustment21,625 15,851 
Cash flow hedges(2,386)4,259 
Ending balance5,135 (3,616)
Treasury Stock
Beginning balance10,834 (485,144)10,491 (446,906)
Repurchases of common stock under Share Repurchase Program62 (9,201)
Repurchases of common stock - other35 (5,220)23 (2,897)
Ending balance10,931 (499,565)10,514 (449,803)
Total Equity$1,108,728 $1,029,999 
Dividends per share of common stock$0.44 $0.42 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Consolidated Financial Statements.
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CMC MATERIALS, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited and in thousands, except per share amounts)
1. BACKGROUND AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION
CMC Materials, Inc. (“CMC”, “the Company”, “us”, “we”, or “our”) is a leading global supplier of consumable materials, primarily to semiconductor manufacturers. The Company's products play a critical role in the production of advanced semiconductor devices, helping to enable the manufacture of smaller, faster and more complex devices by its customers. We operate our business within 2 reportable segments: Electronic Materials and Performance Materials. The Electronic Materials segment consists of our chemical mechanical planarization ("CMP") slurries business, CMP pads business, and electronic chemicals business. The Performance Materials segment consists of our pipeline and industrial materials (“PIM”) business, wood treatment business, and QED Technologies International, Inc. (“QED”) business.
The unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared by CMC pursuant to the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) and accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP” or “GAAP”) for interim financial information. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and notes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, these unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements include all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments, necessary for the fair statement of CMC’s financial position, cash flows, and results of operations for the periods presented. The results may not be indicative of the results that may be expected for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2021. This Report on Form 10-Q should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and related notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2020.
The Consolidated Financial Statements include the accounts of CMC and its subsidiaries. All intercompany transactions and balances between the companies have been eliminated.
In the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, the presentation for Repurchases of common stock under Cash flows from financing activities has been updated for the first quarter of fiscal year 2020 to conform to the current presentation. The amount for that fiscal year that related to common shares withheld for taxes and included in Repurchases of common stock previously, is now presented separately under “Repurchases of common stock withheld for taxes.”
In the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, the presentation for Provision for doubtful accounts has been updated for the first quarter of fiscal year 2020 to conform to the current presentation. The amount for that fiscal year that related to the Provision for doubtful accounts is now presented separately under “Other.”
USE OF ESTIMATES
The preparation of financial statements and related disclosures in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make judgments, assumptions and estimates that affect the amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
Significant Accounting Policies and Estimates
There have been no material changes made to the Company’s significant accounting policies disclosed in Note 2 of "Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements" included in Item 8 of Part II of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2020.
Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2016-13, “Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments” (Topic 326) and subsequent amendments, requires financial assets measured at amortized cost to be presented at the net amount expected to be collected using an allowance account and provides that credit losses relating to available-for-sale debt securities should be recorded through an allowance for credit losses. The Company adopted these standards effective October 1, 2020 using the modified retrospective approach, which did not impact our results of operations or financial condition. Upon adoption, no adjustment was made to retained earnings or the Allowance for doubtful accounts at October 1, 2020.
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The Company is exposed to credit losses primarily through trade receivables for the sales of the Company’s products. The Company’s expected credit loss allowance for trade receivable is developed using historical credit loss experience and current and future economic and market conditions. The Company assesses credit risks for these trade receivables and groups them based on similar risk to determine the expected credit loss allowance. Due to the short-term nature of the Company’s trade receivables, the estimate of the expected credit loss allowance is mainly based on historical experience, accounts receivable balances, and the financial condition of customers.
ASU No. 2018-13 “Fair Value Measurement” (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework—Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement, provides specific guidance on various disclosure requirements in Topic 820, including removal, modification and addition to current disclosure requirements. The Company adopted this standard effective October 1, 2020, which did not have a material impact on our financial statement disclosures.
ASU No. 2018-15 “Intangibles—Goodwill and Other—Internal-Use Software” (Subtopic 350-40): Customer’s Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement That Is a Service Contract (a consensus of the FASB Emerging Issues Task Force), requires a customer in a hosting arrangement that is a service contract to follow the guidance in Subtopic 350-40 to determine which implementation costs to capitalize as an asset or expense related to the service contract. The Company adopted this standard effective October 1, 2020, which did not have a material impact on our results of operations or financial condition.
Accounting Pronouncements Issued But Not Yet Adopted
ASU No. 2019-12 “Income Taxes” (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes, was issued to simplify Topic 740 through improving consistency and removing certain exceptions to general principles. ASU 2019-12 will be effective for us beginning October 1, 2021. We are currently evaluating the impact of implementing this standard on our financial statements.
ASU No. 2020-04 "Reference Rate Reform” (Topic 848) - Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting,” provides optional guidance for accounting for contracts, hedging relationships, and other transactions affected by the reference rate reform, if certain criteria are met. The provisions of this standard are available for election through December 31, 2022. We are currently evaluating the impact of the reference rate reform on our contracts and the resulting impact of adopting this standard on our financial statements.

3.  REVENUE FROM CONTRACTS WITH CUSTOMERS
The Company disaggregates revenue by product area and segment as it best depicts the nature and amount of the Company’s revenue. See Note 15 of this Report on Form 10-Q for more information.
The following table provides information about contract liability balances:
Consolidated Balance Sheet LocationDecember 31, 2020September 30, 2020
Contract liabilities (current)Accrued expenses, income taxes payable and other current liabilities$8,150 $8,501 
Contract liabilities (noncurrent)Other long-term liabilities1,476 1,288 
The amount of revenue recognized during the three months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 that was included in the opening current contract liability balances in our Performance Materials segment was $2,453 and $2,258, respectively. The amount of revenue recognized during the three months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 that was included in our opening contract liability balances in our Electronic Materials segment was not material.
The table below discloses (1) the aggregate amount of the transaction price allocated to performance obligations that are partially or wholly unsatisfied as of the end of the reporting period for contracts with an original duration of greater than one year and (2) when the Company expects to recognize this revenue.
Less Than 1 Year1-3 YearsTotal
Revenue expected to be recognized on contract liability amounts as of December 31, 2020$1,016 $1,476 $2,492 

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4. FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
The Company is required to record certain assets and liabilities at fair value. The valuation methods used for determining the fair value of these financial instruments by hierarchy are as follows:
Level 1Cash and cash equivalents consist of various bank accounts used to support our operations and investments in institutional money-market funds that are traded in active markets.
Other long-term investments represent the fair value of investments under our supplemental employee retirement plan ("SERP"). The fair value of the investments is determined through quoted market prices within actively traded markets.
Level 2Derivative financial instruments include foreign exchange contracts and an interest rate swap contract. The fair value of our derivative instruments is estimated using standard valuation models and market-based observable inputs over the contractual term, including one-month London Inter-bank Offered Rate ("LIBOR") based yield curves for the interest rate swap, and forward rates and/or the Overnight Index Swap curve for forward foreign exchange contracts, among others.
Level 3No level 3 financial instruments
The following table presents financial instruments, other than debt, that we measured at fair value on a recurring basis. See Note 9 of this Report on Form 10-Q for a discussion of our debt. In instances where the inputs used to measure the fair value of an asset fall into more than one level of the hierarchy, we have classified them based on the lowest level input that is significant to the determination of the fair value. 
December 31, 2020Level 1Level 2Level 3Total Fair Value
Assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$278,895 $$$278,895 
Other long-term investments1,282 1,282 
Derivative financial instruments289 289 
Liabilities:
Derivative financial instruments6,734 6,734 

September 30, 2020Level 1Level 2Level 3Total Fair Value
Assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$257,354 $$$257,354 
Other long-term investments1,214 1,214 
Derivative financial instruments27 27 
Liabilities:
Derivative financial instruments38,157 38,157 

5. INVENTORIES
Inventories consisted of the following:
December 31, 2020September 30, 2020
Raw materials$66,595 $66,591 
Work in process14,660 15,148 
Finished goods76,100 77,395 
Total$157,355 $159,134 

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INDEX
6. IMPAIRMENT - WOOD TREATMENT
As a result of our previously announced planned closure of the Company's wood treatment business’ facilities by approximately the end of calendar year 2021 and the finite remaining cash flow through the closure date, the company concluded that it is more likely than not that the fair value of the wood treatment reporting unit is below its carrying value, requiring the wood treatment asset group and reporting unit to be tested for impairment.
Impairment of Long-Lived Assets
The Company tested the recoverability of its long-lived assets and determined the carrying amount of the assets exceeded the sum of the expected undiscounted future cash flows, and as a result, we compared the fair value of the wood treatment asset group, which was determined based on a discounted cash flow model, to its carrying value. We recognized a non-cash pre-tax impairment charge of $3,266 for the quarter ended December 31, 2020. There is 0 remaining carrying value of definite-lived intangible assets or Property, plant and equipment in the wood treatment asset group after this impairment. As a result of the previously announced planned facility closures by approximately the end of calendar 2021, the Company adjusted the remaining useful lives such that they do not extend beyond such date. Key assumptions in testing the assets for recoverability and development of the fair value of the asset group included projected future revenue and gross margin. As the inputs for testing recoverability, including estimates of future revenue and gross margin, are not generally observable in active markets, the Company considers such measurements to be Level 3 measurements in the fair value hierarchy. The duration of the future revenue and gross margin estimates are limited to the period through the closure date.
Impairment of Goodwill
The fair value of the wood treatment reporting unit, which was determined based on a discounted cash flow model, did not exceed the carrying value of the reporting unit. Key assumptions in our goodwill impairment test included projected future revenue and gross margin. As a result, the Company recorded a $4,081 non-cash, pre-tax impairment charge during the first quarter ended December 31, 2020.
As the Company approaches the closure date of the facilities and there are finite estimated future cash flows, the carrying value of the wood treatment reporting unit will not be recoverable, resulting in future impairments of goodwill. The remaining carrying value of the wood treatment reporting unit as of December 31, 2020 includes $30.9 million of goodwill, which will be periodically impaired through the closure date, resulting in no fair value ascribed to the wood treatment business by the date of closure. The amount of the periodic impairments will vary depending on the timing of the remaining future cash flows of the business and carrying value of the reporting unit at each reporting period.


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Presentation of Impairment Charge
The long-lived assets and goodwill impairment charges, both included in the Performance Materials segment, are presented within Asset impairment charges and the related tax benefit of $606 is included in the Provision for income taxes for the quarter ended December 31, 2020 in the Consolidated Statements of Income. The impairment charge related to goodwill was not tax deductible. The impairment charge was allocated as follows:
Three Months Ended
December 31, 2020
Property, plant, and equipment, net$91 
Goodwill4,081 
Other intangible assets – Product technology583 
Other intangible assets – Acquired patents and licenses173 
Other intangible assets – Customer relationships, distribution rights, and other2,419 
Total Asset impairment charges$7,347 
Goodwill activity for each of the Company’s reportable segments for the three months ended December 31, 2020: 

Electronic MaterialsPerformance MaterialsTotal
Balance at September 30, 2020$360,425 $358,222 $718,647 
Foreign currency translation impact5,602 1,453 7,055 
Impairment(4,081)(4,081)
Balance at December 31, 2020$366,027 $355,594 $721,621 

7. OTHER LONG-TERM ASSETS
Other long-term assets consisted of the following:
December 31, 2020September 30, 2020
Right of use asset$30,260 $30,999 
Vendor contract assets2,481 2,889 
SERP investment1,282 1,214 
Prepaid unamortized debt issuance cost - revolver494 537 
Other long-term assets4,440 4,368 
Total$38,957 $40,007 



8. ACCRUED EXPENSES, INCOME TAXES PAYABLE AND OTHER CURRENT LIABILITIES
Accrued expenses, income taxes payable and other current liabilities consisted of the following:
December 31, 2020September 30, 2020
Accrued compensation$27,078 $46,465 
Income taxes payable15,909 16,216 
Dividends payable13,216 13,669 
Contract liabilities (current)8,150 8,501 
Current portion of operating lease liability6,602 6,513 
Current portion of terminated swap liability (See Note 10)5,855 
Taxes, other than income taxes5,517 5,044 
Goods and services received, not yet invoiced4,479 3,957 
Interest rate swap liability (See Note 10)2,869 11,992 
Accrued interest114 29 
Other9,085 9,056 
Total$98,874 $121,442 

9. DEBT
Total debt consisted of the following:
December 31, 2020September 30, 2020
Senior Secured Term Loan Facility, one-month LIBOR plus 2.00%$933,700 $936,363 
Less: Unamortized debt issuance costs(14,216)(14,949)
Total debt919,484 921,414 
Less: Current maturities and short-term debt(10,650)(10,650)
Total long-term debt excluding current maturities$908,834 $910,764 
The Company’s credit agreement (“Amended Credit Agreement”) includes a Senior Secured Term Loan Facility ("Term Loan Facility") and a revolving credit facility (“Revolving Credit Facility”). As of December 31, 2020, there was 0 borrowings outstanding under the Revolving Credit Facility and our available credit was $200,000, which includes our letter of credit sub-facility.
At December 31, 2020 and September 30, 2020, the fair value of the Term Loan Facility, using level 2 inputs, approximated its carrying value as the loan bears a floating market rate of interest.
As of December 31, 2020, scheduled principal repayments of the Term Loan Facility were as follows:
Fiscal YearPrincipal Repayments
Remainder of 2021$7,987 
202210,650 
202310,650 
202410,650 
202510,650 
Greater than 5 years883,113 
Total$933,700 

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10. DERIVATIVE FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
We are exposed to various market risks, including risks associated with interest rates and foreign currency exchange rates.  We enter into certain derivative transactions to mitigate the volatility associated with these exposures. 
Cash Flow Hedges - Interest Rate Swap Contract
During the quarter, the Company entered into a new interest rate swap agreement to extend the duration of its existing swap arrangement and to take advantage of lower interest rates. The existing interest rate swap, which was in a loss position of $35.3 million, was terminated, and the hedging relationship was de-designated. The liability for the terminated interest rate swap is not measured at fair value. The current and long-term portion of the liability for the terminated swap are recorded in Accrued expenses, income taxes payable and other current liabilities and Other long-term liabilities, respectively, on the Consolidated Balance Sheet and will be paid over the remaining term of the new swap. The loss amount for the terminated swap is included in Accumulated other comprehensive loss and will be amortized on a straight-lined basis into interest expense through January 31, 2024, the remaining term of the original swap.
The new interest rate swap is a floating-to-fixed interest rate swap contract to hedge the variability in LIBOR-based interest payments on a portion of our outstanding variable rate debt. The notional amount is scheduled to decrease quarterly and will expire on January 29, 2027. The new interest rate swap was designated as a cash flow hedge based on certain quantitative and qualitative assessments and we have determined that the hedge is highly effective and qualifies for hedge accounting.
Foreign Currency Contracts Not Designated as Hedges
We enter into forward foreign exchange contracts in an effort to mitigate the risks associated with currency fluctuations on certain foreign currency balance sheet exposures. These foreign exchange contracts do not qualify for hedge accounting.
The notional amount of our derivative instruments are as follows:
December 31, 2020September 30, 2020
Derivatives designated as hedging instruments
Interest rate swap contract - new agreement$560,003 $— 
Interest rate swap contract - terminated agreement— 571,000 
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments
Foreign exchange contracts to purchase U.S. dollars$5,418 $8,054 
Foreign exchange contracts to sell U.S. dollars27,725 25,105 

The fair value of our derivative instruments included in the Consolidated Balance Sheets was as follows:
Derivative AssetsDerivative Liabilities
Consolidated Balance Sheet LocationDecember 31, 2020September 30, 2020December 31, 2020September 30, 2020
Derivatives designated as hedging instruments
Interest rate swap contractAccrued expenses, income taxes payable and other current liabilities$$$2,869 $11,992 
Other long-term liabilities3,813 26,000 
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments
Foreign exchange contractsPrepaid expenses and other current assets$289 $27 $$
Accrued expenses, income taxes payable and other current liabilities52 165 
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The following table summarizes the effect of our derivative instruments on our Consolidated Statements of Income:
Gain (Loss) Recognized in Statement of Income
Three Months Ended December 31,
Consolidated Statement of Income Location20202019
Derivatives designated as hedging instruments
Interest rate swap contractInterest expense$(2,445)$(1,170)
Terminated interest rate swap contractInterest expense(929)
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments
Foreign exchange contractsOther income (expense), net$122 $
The following table summarizes the effect of our derivative instruments on Accumulated other comprehensive income:
Amount of Gain (Loss) Recognized in Other Comprehensive Income
Three Months Ended December 31,
20202019
Derivatives designated as hedging instruments
Interest rate swap contract$(6,449)$4,314 

We expect approximately $14,013 to be reclassified from Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) into Interest expense during the next twelve months related to our interest rate swap based on projected rates of the LIBOR forward curve as of December 31, 2020. This amount includes the amortization of the loss associated with the terminated swap arrangement.

11. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
In 2019, a fire occurred at the warehouse of the wood treatment facility of our subsidiary KMG-Bernuth, Inc (“KMG-Bernuth”), in Tuscaloosa, Alabama, which processes pentachlorophenol (“penta”) for sale to customers in the U.S. and Canada. The warehouse fire, which we believe originated from non-hazardous waste materials temporarily stored in the warehouse for recycling purposes, caused no injuries. KMG-Bernuth commenced and completed cleanup with oversight from certain local, state and federal authorities. We recorded expense for the fire waste cleanup and disposal of affected inventory in Cost of sales. NaN expense was recorded during the three months ended December 31, 2020. Although we believe we have completed cleanup efforts related to the fire incident, there are potential other costs that cannot be reasonably estimated as of this time related to the fire incident due to the nature of federally-regulated penta-related requirements. In addition, we are working with our insurance carriers on possible recovery of losses and costs related to the fire incident, and have to date received recovery in the amount of $468. At this point we cannot reasonably estimate whether we will receive any additional insurance recoveries, or if so, the amount of such recoveries.
Separately, in connection with the acquisition of KMG Chemicals, Inc. (“Acquisition”), through KMG-Bernuth, we assumed a contingency related to the Star Lake Canal Superfund Site near Beaumont, Texas (“Star Lake”). In 2014, prior to the Acquisition, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (“EPA”) had notified KMG-Bernuth, that the EPA considered it to be a potentially responsible party under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act of 1980, as amended, in connection with Star Lake. The EPA has estimated that related remediation will cost approximately $22.0 million. KMG-Bernuth and 7 other cooperating parties entered into an agreement with the EPA in September 2016 to complete a remedial design of the remediation actions for the site. Although KMG-Bernuth has not conceded liability with respect to Star Lake, a reserve in connection with the remediation was established, and as of December 31, 2020, the reserve remaining was $553. The remediation work will be performed under a separate future agreement. For more information regarding these plans, refer to Note 20 of “Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements” included in Item 8 of Part II of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2020.
PURCHASE OBLIGATIONS
We have $21,695 of contractual commitments under an abrasive particle supply agreement through December 2022.
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12. ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
The table below summarizes the components of Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net of income tax expense (benefit):
Three Months Ended December 31,
20202019
Beginning Balance$(14,104)$(23,238)
Foreign currency translation adjustment21,543 15,819 
Income tax benefit82 32 
Foreign currency translation adjustment, net of tax21,625 15,851 
Unrealized gain loss on cash flow hedges:
Change in fair value(6,449)4,314 
Reclassification adjustment into earnings3,374 1,170 
Income tax benefit (expense)689 (1,225)
Unrealized (loss) gain on cash flow hedges, net of tax(2,386)4,259 
Effect of the adoption of the stranded tax effect accounting standard(497)
Income tax benefit
Effect of the adoption of the stranded tax effect accounting standard, net of tax(488)
Net Change19,239 19,622 
Ending Balance$5,135 $(3,616)

During the first quarter of fiscal 2020, the Company adopted ASU No. 2018-02 regarding the reclassification of stranded tax effects resulting from the change in the U.S. federal corporate income tax rate under the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Tax Act”) and as a result, we reclassified $488 of stranded tax effects from Accumulated other comprehensive income to Retained earnings.

13. INCOME TAXES
In December 2020, the U.S. enacted the Consolidated Appropriations Act (“CAA”), which extends certain provisions of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (the “CARES Act”) and provides new COVID-19 pandemic (“Pandemic”) relief provisions. As with the CARES Act, the CAA did not have a material impact on our Provision for income taxes for the three months ended December 31, 2020.
The Company’s effective income tax rate was 19.3% and 22.0% for the three months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. The decrease in our effective tax rate for the three months ended December 31, 2020 compared to the prior year is primarily attributable to a higher tax benefit related to share-based compensation and foreign derived intangible income, partially offset by unfavorable impact from impairment of our wood treatment reporting unit.

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14. EARNINGS PER SHARE
Basic and diluted earnings per share were calculated as follows:
Three Months Ended December 31,
20202019
Numerator:
Net income available to common shares$31,530 $38,549 
Denominator:
Weighted average common shares29,123 29,137 
Weighted average effect of dilutive securities475 557 
Diluted weighted average common shares29,598 29,694 
Earnings per share:
Basic$1.08 $1.32 
Diluted$1.07 $1.30 

Shares excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share as their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive were as follows:
Three Months Ended December 31,
20202019
Outstanding stock options1536

15. SEGMENT REPORTING
We identify our segments based on our management structure and the financial information used by our chief executive officer, who is our chief operating decision maker, to assess segment performance and allocate resources among our operating units. We have the following 2 reportable segments:
Electronic Materials
Electronic Materials includes products and solutions for the semiconductor industry and consists of our CMP slurries business, CMP pads business, and electronic chemicals business.
Performance Materials
Performance Materials consists of our PIM business, wood treatment business, and QED business.
Our chief operating decision maker evaluates segment performance based upon revenue and segment adjusted EBITDA.  Segment adjusted EBITDA is defined as earnings before interest, income taxes, depreciation and amortization, adjusted for certain items that affect comparability from period to period.  These adjustments include Acquisition and integration-related expenses, certain costs related to the KMG-Bernuth warehouse fire, net of insurance recovery, impairment and net restructuring charges related to the wood treatment business, and costs related to the Pandemic, net of grants received. We exclude these items from earnings when presenting our adjusted EBITDA measure because we believe they are not indicative of a segment's regular, ongoing operating performance. Adjusted EBITDA is also the basis of a performance metric for our fiscal 2021 Short-Term Incentive Program ("STIP"). In addition, our chief operating decision maker does not use assets by segment to evaluate performance or allocate resources, and therefore, we do not disclose assets by segment.
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The two segments operate independently and serve different markets and customers, as a result there are no sales between segments. Revenue from external customers by segment are as follows:
Three Months Ended December 31,
20202019
Segment Revenue:
Electronic Materials:
CMP Slurries$134,721 $122,326 
Electronic Chemicals80,006 77,582 
CMP Pads22,071 20,813 
Total Electronic Materials236,798 220,721 
Performance Materials:
PIM25,907 45,141 
Wood Treatment17,323 10,674 
QED7,835 6,607 
Total Performance Materials51,065 62,422 
Total$287,863 $283,143 

Capital expenditures by segment are as follows:
Three Months Ended December 31,
20202019
Capital Expenditures:
Electronic Materials$5,434 $8,485 
Performance Materials1,310 16,369 
Corporate3,475 1,512 
Total$10,219 $26,366 

Adjusted EBITDA by segment is as follows:
Three Months Ended December 31,
20202019
Net income$31,530 $38,549 
Interest expense9,608 11,920 
Interest income(23)(315)
Income taxes7,546 10,881 
Depreciation and amortization31,891 31,642 
EBITDA80,552 92,677 
Charges related to asset impairment of wood treatment7,347 
Acquisition and integration-related expenses2,369 2,204 
Costs related to the Pandemic, net of grants received1,262 
Net costs related to restructuring of the wood treatment business26 
Costs related to KMG-Bernuth warehouse fire, net of insurance recovery392 
Consolidated adjusted EBITDA$91,556 $95,273 
Segment adjusted EBITDA:
Electronic Materials$80,756 $81,198 
Performance Materials22,975 27,478 
Unallocated corporate expenses(12,175)(13,403)
Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA$91,556 $95,273 

The unallocated portions of corporate functions, including finance, legal, human resources, information technology, and corporate development, are not directly attributable to a reportable segment.
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ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The following “Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” as well as disclosures included elsewhere in this Report on Form 10-Q, include “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 (“the Act”). This Act provides a safe harbor for forward-looking statements to encourage companies to provide prospective information about themselves so long as they identify these statements as forward-looking and provide meaningful cautionary statements identifying important factors that could cause actual results to differ from the projected results. All statements other than statements of historical fact we make in this Report on Form 10-Q are forward-looking and address a variety of subjects including, for example, future sales and operating results; growth or contraction, and trends in the industries and markets in which the Company participates, such as the semiconductor, and oil and gas industries; the acquisition of, investment in, or collaboration with other entities, and the expected benefits and synergies of such acquisitions; divestment or disposition, or cessation of investment in certain of the Company’s businesses; new product introductions; development of new products, technologies and markets; product performance; the financial conditions of the Company’s customers; the competitive landscape that relates to the Company's business; the Company's supply chain; natural disasters; various economic or political factors and international or national events, including related to global public health crises such as the Pandemic, and the enactment of trade sanctions, tariffs, or other similar matters; the generation, protection and acquisition of intellectual property, and litigation related to such intellectual property or third party intellectual property; environmental, health and safety laws and regulations, and related compliance; the operation of facilities by the Company; the Company’s management; foreign exchange fluctuation; the Company's current or future tax rate, including the effects of changes to tax laws in the jurisdictions in which the Company operates; cybersecurity threats; financing facilities and related debt, pay off or payment of principal and interest, and compliance with covenants and other terms; and, uses and investment of the Company’s cash balance, including dividends and share repurchases, which may be suspended, terminated or modified at any time for any reason by the Company, based on a variety of factors. Statements that are not historical facts, including statements about CMC’s beliefs, plans and expectations, are forward-looking statements. Such statements are based on current expectations of CMC’s management and are subject to a number of factors and uncertainties, which could cause actual results to differ materially from those described in the forward-looking statements. For information about factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those described in the forward-looking statements, please refer to CMC’s filings with the SEC, including the risk factors contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2020 and this Report on Form 10-Q. Except as required by law, CMC undertakes no obligation to update forward-looking statements made by it to reflect new information, subsequent events or circumstances. The section entitled “Risk Factors” describes some, but not all, of the factors that could cause these differences. The section entitled "Risk Factors" describes some, but not all, of the factors that could cause these differences.
This following discussion and analysis, should be read in conjunction with our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2020, including the Consolidated Financial Statements and related notes thereto.

FIRST QUARTER OF FISCAL 2021 OVERVIEW
CMC is a leading global supplier of consumable materials, primarily to semiconductor manufacturers. The Company's electronic materials products play a critical role in the production of advanced semiconductor devices, helping to enable the manufacture of smaller, faster and more complex devices by its customers. We operate our business within two reportable segments: Electronic Materials and Performance Materials. The Electronic Materials segment consists of our CMP slurries business, CMP pads business, and electronic chemicals business. The Performance Materials segment consists of our PIM business, wood treatment business, and QED business. For additional information, refer to Item 1 of Part I of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2020.
While the Pandemic continues to cause significant global macroeconomic uncertainty and disruption worldwide and in the countries and locations in which we and our customers and suppliers operate, our business in our fiscal first quarter of 2021 showed continued resiliency and overall strength, particularly in our Electronic Materials segment, and we also have seen increasing signs of stability in our Performance Materials segment. Throughout the Pandemic, our primary focus has been and continues to be on the health and well-being of our employees and the ongoing operation of our facilities worldwide according to our business continuity plans, which we refine on an ongoing basis.
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To date, we have not seen a meaningful impact from the Pandemic on our ability to manufacture and deliver products to our customers, but the Pandemic has negatively impacted some of the industries we serve, primarily the oil and gas industry. The Pandemic has continued to have a negative effect on worldwide oil demand and transport, resulting in lower demand for our PIM products. We have experienced strong demand from our semiconductor customers, which represents approximately 80% of our revenue, as certain sectors such as cloud, PCs and servers continued to show strength, driven by work-from-home and e-learning environments, and other areas such as industrial and automotive segments have begun to exhibit a recovery.
The extent to which the Pandemic may further impact our business, operations, results of operations and financial condition going forward is uncertain and difficult to estimate, and depends on numerous evolving and potentially unknown factors.
First Quarter Key Financial Results
Our consolidated results of operations were as follows:
Dollars in thousandsThree Months Ended December 31,
20202019
Revenue$287,863 $283,143 
Net income$31,530 $38,549 
Adjusted EBITDA$91,556 $95,273 
Adjusted EBITDA Margin31.8 %33.6 %
Our first quarter of 2021 consolidated revenue benefited from stronger demand for our CMP slurries and CMP pads products and higher prices for our wood treatment products, partially offset by lower demand for our PIM products due to the Pandemic. Consolidated net income declined in the current year due to the impairment charge recorded for wood treatment and the timing of a manufacturing variance recorded in the prior year with a pre-tax benefit of $5.3 million, offset by impact of higher revenues on net income. Adjusted EBITDA decreased due to the manufacturing variance. Sequentially, consolidated revenue increased from higher revenue in CMP slurries, CMP pads and PIM products, partially offset by lower revenue in wood treatment and QED.

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RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, the changes in balances on the consolidated statement of income along with the percentage of revenue of certain line items included in our historical statements of income:
Three Months Ended December 31,
(Dollars In thousands)20202019$ Change% Change
Revenue$287,863 100.0 %$283,143 100.0 %$4,720 1.7 %
Cost of sales164,959 57.3 %154,461 54.6 %10,498 6.8 %
Gross profit122,904 42.7 %128,682 45.4 %(5,778)(4.5 %)
Research, development and technical12,428 4.3 %12,811 4.5 %(383)(3.0 %)
Selling, general and administrative55,920 19.4 %54,439 19.2 %1,481 2.7 %
Asset impairment charges7,347 2.6 %— — %7,347 
Total operating expenses75,695 26.3 %67,250 23.8 %8,445 12.6 %
Operating income47,209 16.4 %61,432 21.7 %(14,223)(23.2 %)
Interest expense9,608 3.3 %11,920 4.2 %(2,312)(19.4 %)
Interest income23 — %315 0.1 %(292)(92.7 %)
Other income (expense), net1,452 0.5 %(397)(0.1 %)1,849 465.7 %
Income before income taxes39,076 13.6 %49,430 17.5 %(10,354)(20.9 %)
Provision for income taxes7,546 2.6 %10,881 3.8 %(3,335)(30.6 %)
Net income$31,530 11.0 %$38,549 13.6 %$(7,019)(18.2 %)
Most of CMC’s foreign operations maintain their accounting records in their local currencies. As a result, period to period comparability of results of operations is affected by fluctuations in exchange rates. The impact on comparability is not material in any given period.
THREE MONTHS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2020, AS COMPARED TO THREE MONTHS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2019
REVENUE
Revenue was $287.9 million for the three months ended December 31, 2020, an increase of 1.7%, or $4.7 million, from the three months ended December 31, 2019, primarily due to stronger demand for the Company's CMP slurries and CMP pads products and higher prices for the Company’s wood treatment products, offset by lower demand for PIM products due to the impact of the Pandemic.
COST OF SALES
Cost of sales was $165.0 million for the three months ended December 31, 2020, which represented an increase of 6.8%, or $10.5 million, from the three months ended December 31, 2019, primarily due to higher fixed costs as a result of the timing of the $5.3 million manufacturing variance recorded in the prior year.
GROSS MARGIN
Our gross margin was 42.7% for the three months ended December 31, 2020, compared to 45.4% for the three months ended December 31, 2019. The decrease was primarily due to higher fixed costs as a result of the manufacturing variance recorded in the prior year, partially offset by price increases and product mix.
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ASSET IMPAIRMENT
Asset impairment charges were $7.3 million for the three months ended December 31, 2020 due to impairment of the long-lived assets, intangible assets and goodwill of the wood treatment business as a result of the planned closure of its facilities by approximately the end of calendar year 2021. There was no asset impairment during the three months ended December 31, 2019. See Note 6 of "Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements" of this Report on Form 10-Q for additional discussion.
INTEREST EXPENSE
Interest expense was $9.6 million for the three months ended December 31, 2020, which is a decrease of $2.3 million from the three months ended December 31, 2019.  The decrease was primarily due to a decline in the LIBOR rate for the unhedged portion of the Company's Term Loan Facility, a lower outstanding term loan balance due to repayments, and a lower interest rate on our borrowings resulting from the refinancing of our Amended Credit Agreement in December 2019.
OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE), NET
Other income (expense), net was $1.5 million for the three months ended December 31, 2020, which is an increase of $1.8 million from the three months ended December 31, 2019. The increase was primarily due to foreign currency gains.
PROVISION FOR INCOME TAXES
The Company’s effective income tax rate for the first quarter of fiscal 2021 was 19.3%, compared to 22.0% in the same quarter last year.  The decrease in our effective tax rate is primarily driven by a higher tax benefit related to share-based compensation and foreign derived intangible income, partially offset by an unfavorable impact from the wood treatment asset impairment charge.
NET INCOME
Net income was $31.5 million for the three months ended December 31, 2020, which is a decrease of 18.2%, or $7.0 million, from the three months ended December 31, 2019. Net income decreased due to lower gross margin and the wood treatment asset impairment charge, partially offset by lower Interest expense and income taxes.
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INDEX
SEGMENT ANALYSIS
The segment data should be read in conjunction with our unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements and related notes included in Part 1, Item 1 of this Report on Form 10-Q.
Revenue from external customers, adjusted EBITDA, and adjusted EBITDA Margin by segment are as follows:
Dollars in thousandsThree Months Ended December 31,
20202019$ Change% Change
Segment Revenue:
Electronic Materials$236,798 $220,721 $16,077 7.3 %
Performance Materials51,065 62,422 (11,357)(18.2 %)
Total Revenue$287,863 $283,143 $4,720 1.7 %
Adjusted EBITDA:
Electronic Materials    $80,756 $81,198 $(442)(0.5 %)
Performance Materials22,975 27,478 (4,503)(16.4 %)
Unallocated corporate expenses(12,175)(13,403)1,228 9.2 %
Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA$91,556 $95,273 $(3,717)(3.9 %)
Adjusted EBITDA margin:
Electronic Materials34.1 %36.8 %-270 bpts
Performance Materials45.0 %44.0 %100 bpts

THREE MONTHS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2020, AS COMPARED TO THREE MONTHS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2019
ELECTRONIC MATERIALS
The $16.1 million increase in Electronic Materials revenue was primarily driven by increased demand for our CMP slurries and CMP pads products. The $0.4 million decrease in Electronic Materials adjusted EBITDA was primarily driven by higher fixed costs as a result of the $5.3 million manufacturing variance recorded in the prior year, offset by the EBITDA associated with the increase in revenue. The 270 bpts decrease in Electronic Materials adjusted EBITDA margin was primarily driven by the manufacturing variance recorded in the prior year.
PERFORMANCE MATERIALS
The $11.4 million decrease in Performance Materials revenue and $4.5 million decrease in Performance Materials adjusted EBITDA were driven by lower demand for PIM products because of the Pandemic, partially offset by higher sales for wood treatment products. The 100 bpts increase in Performance Materials adjusted EBITDA margin was primarily driven by higher selling prices for wood treatment products, offset partially by higher fixed manufacturing costs.

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USE OF CERTAIN GAAP AND NON-GAAP FINANCIAL INFORMATION
We provide certain non-GAAP financial measures, such as adjusted EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA margin, to complement reported GAAP results because we believe that analysis of our financial performance is enhanced by an understanding of these non-GAAP financial measures. We exclude certain items from earnings when presenting our adjusted EBITDA measure because we believe they will be incurred infrequently and/or are otherwise not indicative of the Company’s regular, ongoing operating performance. Accordingly, we believe that they aid in evaluating the underlying operational performance of our business, and facilitate comparisons between periods. In addition, adjusted EBITDA is used as one of the performance goals of our fiscal 2021 STIP. A similar adjusted EBITDA calculation is also used by our lenders for a key debt compliance ratio.
Adjusted EBITDA margin is defined as adjusted EBITDA as a percentage of revenue. Adjusted EBITDA is defined as earnings before interest, income taxes, depreciation and amortization, adjusted for certain items that affect comparability from period to period. These adjustments include items related to acquisitions, such as Acquisition and integration-related expenses, costs of restructuring, related adjustments and impairment related to the wood treatment business, costs related to the KMG-Bernuth warehouse fire net of insurance recovery, and costs related to the Pandemic net of grants received.
The non-GAAP financial measures provided are a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the Company’s financial results presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP. Management strongly encourages investors to review the Company’s consolidated financial statements in their entirety and to not rely on any single financial measure. A reconciliation table of GAAP to non-GAAP financial measures is contained below.
Adjusted EBITDA for the Electronic Materials and Performance Materials segments is presented in conformity with Accounting Standards Codification Topic 280, Segment Reporting. This measure is reported to the chief operating decision maker for purposes of making decisions about allocating resources to the segments and assessing their performance. For these reasons, this measure is excluded from the definition of non-GAAP financial measures under the SEC Regulation G and Item 10(e) of Regulation S-K.

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RECONCILIATION OF NET INCOME TO ADJUSTED EBITDA
In thousandsThree Months Ended December 31,
20202019
Net income$31,530 $38,549 
Interest expense9,608 11,920 
Interest income(23)(315)
Income taxes7,546 10,881 
Depreciation and amortization31,891 31,642 
EBITDA80,552 92,677 
Charges related to asset impairment of wood treatment7,347 — 
Acquisition and integration-related expenses2,369 2,204 
Costs related to the Pandemic, net of grants received1,262 — 
Net costs related to restructuring of the wood treatment business26 — 
Costs related to KMG-Bernuth warehouse fire, net of insurance recovery—��392 
Adjusted EBITDA$91,556 $95,273 

In thousandsThree Months Ended December 31,
20202019
Adjusted EBITDA:
Electronic Materials$80,756 $81,198 
Performance Materials22,975 27,478 
Unallocated corporate expenses(12,175)(13,403)
Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA$91,556 $95,273 

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
As of December 31, 2020, we had $278.9 million of cash and cash equivalents compared with $257.4 million as of September 30, 2020. On December 31, 2020, $166.2 million of cash and cash equivalents was held in foreign subsidiaries. Our total liquidity as of December 31, 2020 was $478.9 million compared to $457.4 million as of September 30, 2020 (including $200.0 million of borrowing availability under our Revolving Credit Facility in both periods, which includes our letter of credit sub-facility). The increase in liquidity reflects the cash flow provided by operating activities, partially offset by the cash used for additions of property, plant and equipment, the repurchases of our common stock and payments of quarterly cash dividends.
Total debt, consisting of principal outstanding on our Term Loan Facility, amounted to $919.5 million ($933.7 million in aggregate principal amount less $14.2 million of debt issuance costs) as of December 31, 2020 and $921.4 million ($936.4 million in aggregate principal amount less $14.9 million of debt issuance costs) as of September 30, 2020. During the three months ended December 31, 2020 there were no borrowings under our Revolving Credit Facility and no balance was outstanding as of December 31, 2020.
The Revolving Credit Facility requires that the Company maintain a maximum first lien secured net leverage ratio, as defined in the Amended Credit Agreement, of 4.00 to 1.00 as of the last day of each fiscal quarter. As of December 31, 2020, our maximum first lien secured net leverage ratio was 1.75 to 1.00. Additionally, the Amended Credit Agreement contains certain affirmative and negative covenants that limit the ability of the Company, among other things and subject to certain significant exceptions, to incur debt or liens, make investments, enter into certain mergers, consolidations, asset sales and acquisitions, pay dividends and make other restricted payments and enter into transactions with affiliates. We believe we are in compliance with these covenants as of December 31, 2020 and we expect to remain in compliance with our debt covenants during fiscal 2021 and beyond.
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In January 2016, our Board of Directors authorized an increase in the amount available under our share repurchase program to $150.0 million. During the first quarter of fiscal 2021, we repurchased 62 thousand shares under this program, and $27.1 million authorization remained at the end of the quarter. The timing, manner, price and amounts of repurchases are determined at the Company's discretion, and the share repurchase program may be suspended, terminated or modified at any time for any reason. The repurchase program does not obligate the Company to acquire any specific number of shares. To date, we have funded share purchases under our share repurchase program from our available cash on hand, and anticipate we will continue to do so.
Our Board of Directors authorized the initiation of our regular quarterly cash dividend program in January 2016, and since that time has increased the dividend to its current level of $0.44 per share. The declaration and payment of future dividends is subject to the discretion and determination of the Board of Directors and management, based on a variety of factors, and the program may be suspended, terminated or modified at any time for any reason.
We believe that cash on hand, cash available from future operations, and available borrowing capacity under our Amended Credit Agreement will be sufficient to fund our operations, expected capital expenditures, dividend payments, and share repurchases for at least the next twelve months. However, the current macroeconomic dislocation caused by the Pandemic has created uncertainty in worldwide economic conditions and in those of the industries in which we participate, and whether with respect to the impact of the Pandemic or in pursuit of corporate development or other initiatives, we may need to raise additional funds in the future through equity or debt financing, or other arrangements. Depending on future conditions in the capital and credit markets, we could encounter difficulty securing additional financing in the type or amount necessary to pursue these objectives.
Operating Activities
We generated $54.0 million in cash flows from operating activities in the first three months of fiscal 2021, compared to $48.1 million in the first three months of fiscal 2020. The increase in operating cash flows of $5.9 million was due to $12.7 million of changes in working capital, partially offset by a $6.7 million decrease of Net income adjusted for non-cash reconciling items.
Investing Activities
In the first three months of fiscal 2021, net cash used in investing activities was $11.6 million, compared to $25.5 million in the first three months of fiscal 2020. This was primarily driven by a decrease in capital expenditures of $14.1 million in the first three months of fiscal 2021 compared to the first three months of fiscal 2020 driven by the plant expansion in fiscal 2020 in our Performance Materials segment.
Financing Activities
In the first three months of fiscal 2021, cash flows used in financing activities were $25.4 million, compared to $19.3 million in the first three months of fiscal 2020. The increase was mainly driven by cash paid for repurchases of common stock under the Share Repurchase Program of $9.2 million in the first three months of fiscal 2021, as well as an increase in repurchases of common stock withheld for taxes from $2.9 million in the first three months of fiscal 2020 to $5.2 million in the first three months of fiscal 2021. This was partially offset by an increase in proceeds from issuance of stock from $1.4 million in the first three months of fiscal 2020 to $5.0 million in the first three months of fiscal 2021, primarily related to our equity incentive program, and a decrease in repayments under the Term Loan Facility from $5.3 million in the first three months of fiscal 2020 to $2.7 million in the first three months of fiscal 2021.

OFF-BALANCE SHEET ARRANGEMENTS
At December 31, 2020 and September 30, 2020, we did not have any unconsolidated entities or financial partnerships.

CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS
There have been no material changes to the Company's contractual obligations during fiscal 2021, except as discussed below.
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We have been operating under a multi-year supply agreement for the purchase of fumed silica, which runs through December 2022. As of December 31, 2020, purchase obligations include an aggregate amount of $21.7 million of contractual commitments related to this agreement.
Refer to Item 7 of Part II of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2020, for additional information regarding our contractual obligations.

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND ESTIMATES AND EFFECTS OF RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
We discuss our critical accounting estimates and effects of recent accounting pronouncements in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” included in Item 7 of Part II of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2020. Except for the discussion in Note 2 of “Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements” of this Report on Form 10-Q, no material changes have been made to the Company’s significant accounting policies during the first three months of fiscal 2021. See Note 2 of “Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements” of this Report on Form 10-Q for a discussion of new accounting pronouncements.
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ITEM 3.  QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
There were no material changes from the “Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk” disclosed in Part II Item 7A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2020.

ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
EVALUATION OF DISCLOSURE CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
Our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”) and Chief Financial Officer (“CFO”), has conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (“the Exchange Act”)), as of December 31, 2020.  Based on that evaluation, our CEO and CFO have concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our Exchange Act reports is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms, and to ensure that such information is accumulated and communicated to management, including the CEO and CFO, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
CHANGES IN INTERNAL CONTROL OVER FINANCIAL REPORTING
There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during our most recent fiscal quarter that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company's internal control over financial reporting.
INHERENT LIMITATIONS ON EFFECTIVENESS OF CONTROLS
Because of inherent limitations, our disclosure controls or our internal control over financial reporting may not prevent all errors and all fraud. A control system, no matter how well conceived and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the objectives of the control system are met. Further, the design of a control system must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints, and the benefits of controls must be considered relative to their costs. Because of the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, within the Company have been detected. These inherent limitations include the realities that judgments in decision-making can be faulty, and that breakdowns can occur because of a simple error or mistake. Additionally, controls can be circumvented by the individual acts of some persons, by collusion of two or more people or by management override of the controls. The design of any system of controls also is based in part upon certain assumptions about the likelihood of future events, and there can be no assurance that any design will succeed in achieving its stated goals under all potential future conditions; over time, controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or the degree of compliance with policies or procedures may deteriorate. Because of the inherent limitations in a cost-effective control system, misstatements due to error or fraud may occur and not be detected.
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PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
We periodically become a party to legal proceedings, arbitrations, regulatory proceedings, inquiries and investigations (“contingencies”) arising in the ordinary course of our business operations. The ultimate resolution of these contingencies is subject to significant uncertainty, and should we fail to prevail in any of them or should several of them be resolved against us in the same reporting period, these matters could, individually or in the aggregate, be material to our consolidated financial statements. One of these contingencies, related to Star Lake Canal, which we assumed in connection with the Acquisition, is discussed in Note 11 of “Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements” included in Item 1 of Part I of this Report on Form 10-Q. The ultimate outcome of these matters, however, cannot be determined at this time, nor can the amount of any potential loss be reasonably estimated, and as a result except where indicated no amounts have been recorded in our consolidated financial statements.
We also may face other governmental or third-party claims, or otherwise incur costs, relating to cleanup of, or for injuries resulting from, contamination at sites associated with Star Lake Canal or other past and present operations. We accrue for environmental liabilities when a determination can be made that they are probable and reasonably estimable. Other than as described herein, we are not involved in any legal proceedings that we believe could have a material impact on our consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows. The information set forth in Item 1.A. Risk Factors, and Note 11 of “Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements” included in Item 1 of Part I of this Report on Form 10-Q, is incorporated herein by reference.

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ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS
RISKS RELATING TO OUR BUSINESS, STRATEGY AND OPERATIONS
OUR BUSINESS AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS MAY BE ADVERSELY AFFECTED BY THE CORONAVIRUS (COVID-19) PANDEMIC AND RELATED ADVERSE IMPACT TO WORLDWIDE ECONOMIC AND INDUSTRY CONDITIONS
The global spread of the Pandemic has created significant volatility, uncertainty and economic disruption across the world and in the countries and locations in which we and our customers and suppliers operate. In the second half of our fiscal year 2020, businesses in our Electronic Materials segment remained generally stable, and showed some strengthening in our first fiscal quarter of 2021, despite the Pandemic. With respect to our Performance Materials segment, the Pandemic had a significant adverse impact on our Performance Materials’ PIM business in the second half of our fiscal year 2020, as the demand for drag reducing agents (“DRAs”) declined significantly due to the ongoing dislocation in the energy sector occasioned by the Pandemic, but this business appeared to stabilize somewhat in our first fiscal quarter of 2021. The extent to which the ongoing Pandemic may further impact our business, operations, results of operations and financial condition is uncertain and difficult to estimate, and depends on numerous evolving factors that we may not be able to accurately predict, which may include: A decrease in short-term and long-term demand and pricing for our products and services, and an ongoing global economic recession that could further reduce demand and/or pricing for our products and services resulting from actions taken by governments, businesses, or the general public in an effort to limit exposure to and spread of such infectious diseases, such as ongoing or renewed travel restrictions, quarantines, and business shutdowns or slowdowns; Negative impacts to our operations, including reductions in production levels, research and development ("R&D") activities, and qualification activities with our customers, and increased costs resulting from our efforts to mitigate the impact of the Pandemic through additional or continued social-distancing measures we have enacted at our locations around the world in an effort to protect our employees’ health and well-being (including working from home, reducing the number of employees or others in our sites at any one time and how such individuals perform work while at our sites, redesigning or adjusting our manufacturing, R&D and office facilities, and suspending or limiting employee travel); Deterioration of worldwide credit and financial markets that could limit our ability to obtain external financing to fund our operations and capital expenditures, result in losses on our holdings of cash and investments due to failures of financial institutions and other parties, and result in losses on our accounts receivables due to credit defaults or our customers’ inability to pay; and, Disruptions to our supply chain in connection with the sourcing of materials, equipment and logistics or other services and support necessary to our business as a result of the Pandemic and efforts to contain the spread of the Pandemic. To the extent possible if and when the Pandemic is contained or abates, whether through the rollout of vaccination programs or otherwise, the resumption of what was previously considered normal business operations after such interruption may be delayed or constrained by lingering effects of the Pandemic on our Company and our customers, suppliers, and third-party service providers. These effects, alone or taken together, could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, legal exposure, or financial condition. A further sustained or prolonged outbreak or return of the Pandemic in the places in which we do business, such as what has been experienced in the U.S., Europe, and parts of Asia over the past several months, could exacerbate the adverse impact of such measures on our Company.
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DEMAND FOR OUR PRODUCTS FLUCTUATES AND OUR BUSINESS MAY BE ADVERSELY AFFECTED BY WORLDWIDE ECONOMIC, INDUSTRY AND OTHER CONDITIONS
Our business is affected by economic and industry conditions, such as those currently being adversely affected by the Pandemic, and the majority of our revenue derives from our Electronic Materials segment, which is primarily dependent upon semiconductor industry demand. With respect to our Electronic Materials segment, historically, semiconductor industry demand has fluctuated due to economic and industry cycles and seasonal shifts in demand, which can affect our business, causing demand for our electronic materials products to fluctuate. For example, prior to the Pandemic, the relatively soft demand conditions in the semiconductor industry that had commenced in our second fiscal quarter of 2019 and continued into our first fiscal quarter of 2020 had begun to ameliorate in the beginning of the second fiscal quarter of 2020. While our Electronic Materials segment experienced relatively stable conditions during the second half of fiscal 2020 and showed some strengthening in the first fiscal quarter of 2021, uncertainty remains as to fiscal 2021 demand conditions for the semiconductor industry given the ongoing nature of the Pandemic. Furthermore, competitive dynamics within the semiconductor industry may impact our business. Our limited visibility to future customer orders makes it difficult for us to predict industry trends, especially during unusual adverse circumstances, such as the Pandemic. If the global economy or the semiconductor industry weakens further, whether in general or as a result of the Pandemic or other specific factors, such as macroeconomic factors, or unpredictable events such as natural disasters, geopolitical conditions and international trade tensions, civil unrest, or additional global health crises, we could experience material adverse impacts on our results of operations and financial condition. Some additional factors that may affect demand for our electronic materials products include: demand trends for different types of electronic devices, such as logic versus memory integrated circuit ("IC") devices, or digital versus analog IC devices; the various technology nodes at which those products are manufactured; customers' efficiencies in the use of CMP consumables and/or high-purity process chemicals (“electronic chemicals”); customers' device architectures and specific manufacturing processes; the short order to delivery time for our products; quarter-to-quarter changes in customer order patterns; market share and competitive gains and losses; and pricing changes by us and our competitors.
As to our Performance Materials segment, which continues to be an area of potential continued growth for us over the longer term, our PIM business may be impacted by changes in the utilities and/or oil and gas industries, such as we have seen since the second half of our fiscal 2020 and through our first fiscal quarter of 2021 resulting from ongoing significant dislocation in these industries occasioned by the Pandemic as well as geopolitical factors such as those related to the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries ("OPEC"), which has caused an excess in oil capacity. Relatedly, as described, volatility in oil and natural gas prices may impact our customers’ activity levels, including production, and as we saw during the last three fiscal quarters, we experienced a significant drop in demand for our related PIM products and services, although demand appears to have stabilized somewhat in our first quarter of fiscal 2021. Expectations about future prices and price volatility are important in determining future spending levels for customers of our PIM products and services. The ongoing volatility in worldwide oil and natural gas prices and markets are an extreme example of historical volatility in this sector, and such volatility is likely to continue in the future. As is currently the case, prices for oil and natural gas are subject to wide fluctuations in response to relatively minor or major changes in the supply of and demand for oil and natural gas, market uncertainty and a variety of additional factors that are beyond our control. These factors include, but are not limited to, decreases or increases in supplies from U.S. shale production or other oil production, geopolitical conditions, including uprisings, civil unrest, and international trade tensions, sovereign debt crises, the domestic and foreign supply of oil and natural gas, the level of consumer demand due to economic growth or contraction such as currently seen related to the Pandemic, and other factors in countries such as China, weather conditions, domestic and foreign governmental regulations and taxes, the price and availability of alternative fuels, the health of international economic and credit markets, the ability of the members of the OPEC and other state-controlled oil companies to agree upon and maintain oil price and production controls, and general economic conditions, such as those currently seen related to the Pandemic.
Further, adverse global economic, industry and other conditions such as those related to the ongoing Pandemic could have other negative effects on our Company. For instance, we could experience negative impacts on cash flows due to the inability of our customers to pay their obligations to us, or our production processes could be harmed if our suppliers cannot fulfill their obligations to us. As a result of these or other conditions, we also might have to reduce the carrying value of goodwill and other intangible assets, which could harm our financial position and results of operations.
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WE MAY PURSUE ACQUISITIONS OF, INVESTMENTS IN, AND MERGERS OR STRATEGIC ALLIANCES WITH OTHER ENTITIES, WHICH COULD DISRUPT OUR OPERATIONS AND HARM OUR OPERATING RESULTS IF THEY ARE UNSUCCESSFUL, OR WE MAY ENCOUNTER UNANTICIPATED ISSUES IN IMPLEMENTING THEM
We expect to continue to make investments in technologies, assets and companies, either through acquisitions, mergers, investments or alliances, in order to supplement our organic growth and development efforts. Acquisitions, mergers, and investments, including the Acquisition, which we completed in November 2018, involve numerous risks, including the following: difficulties and risks in integrating the operations, technologies, products and personnel of acquired companies; difficulties and risks from unanticipated issues arising subsequent to a transaction related to the other entity; potential disruption of relationships with third parties such as customers or suppliers; diversion of management's attention from normal daily operations of the business; increased risk associated with foreign operations; potential difficulties and risks in entering markets or industries in which we have limited or no direct prior experience and/or where competitors have stronger positions; potential difficulties and unexpected situations arising in operating new businesses with different business models; facilities and operations; potential difficulties with regulatory or contract compliance in areas in which we have limited or no experience; initial dependence on unfamiliar supply chains or relatively small supply partners; insufficient revenue to offset increased expenses associated with acquisitions; potential loss of key employees of the acquired companies; or inability to effectively cooperate and collaborate with our alliance partners.
Further, we may never realize the perceived or anticipated benefits of a business combination or merger with, or asset or other acquisition of, or investments in, other entities. Transactions such as the Acquisition could and in some cases have had negative effects on our results of operations, in areas such as contingent liabilities, gross margins, amortization charges related to intangible assets and other effects of accounting for the purchases of other business entities. Investments in and acquisitions of technology-related or early-stage companies or assets are inherently risky because these businesses or assets may never develop, and we may incur losses related to these investments.
In addition, we may be required to impair the carrying value of these acquisitions or investments to reflect other than temporary declines in their value. The carrying value of goodwill represents the fair value of acquired businesses in excess of identifiable assets and liabilities as of the acquisition date. The carrying value of other intangible assets represents the fair value of customer relationships, tradenames and other acquired intangible assets as of the acquisition date. Goodwill and other acquired intangible assets expected to contribute indefinitely to our cash flows are not amortized, but must be evaluated for impairment by management at least annually. If the carrying value exceeds the implied fair value of goodwill, the goodwill is considered impaired and is reduced to fair value via a non-cash charge to earnings. If the carrying value of an indefinite-lived intangible asset is greater than its fair value, the intangible asset is considered impaired and is reduced to fair value via a non-cash charge to earnings. If the value of goodwill or other acquired intangible assets is impaired, our results of operations and financial condition could be adversely affected. Examples of asset impairment charges we recently incurred include the charge we took in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2019, the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020, and the first quarter of fiscal 2021 related to the KMG wood treatment business. Absent a sale of the wood treatment business, as we approach the previously announced closure date of the wood treatment facilities and there are fewer estimated future cash flows, we expect that the carrying value of the wood treatment asset group will not be recoverable, resulting in future impairments of goodwill. The amount of such impairments could be material and could adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition. See Note 6 of "Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements" of this Report on Form 10-Q for additional discussion.
Furthermore, the integration of the acquired businesses into our operations is a complex and time-consuming process that may not be successful. Our Company has a limited history of integrating significant acquisitions, and the process of integration may produce unforeseen operating difficulties and expenditures. As demonstrated in the Acquisition, the primary areas of focus for successfully combining those businesses with our operations may include and have included, among others: retaining and integrating key employees; realizing synergies; aligning customer and supplier interfaces, and operations across the combined business; integrating enterprise resource planning and other information technology systems; and, managing the growth of the combined company. Even if we successfully integrate an acquired business, such as KMG, into our operations, there can be no assurance that we will realize the anticipated benefits of the Acquisition.
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WE HAVE A CONCENTRATED PRODUCT RANGE WITHIN EACH OF OUR SEGMENTS AND OUR PRODUCTS MAY BECOME OBSOLETE, OR TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGES MAY REDUCE OR LIMIT INCREASES IN THE CONSUMPTION OF OUR PRODUCTS
Although our product offerings expanded with the Acquisition, our business remains substantially dependent on products in our Electronic Materials segment, such as CMP slurries, pads and electronic chemicals, which account for the majority of our revenue. We have identified our Performance Materials segment as another area of potential continued growth and the product offerings in our Performance Materials segment are similarly concentrated. As such, our business would suffer if these products became obsolete or if consumption of these products decreased. Our success depends on our ability to keep pace with technological changes and advances in the industries in which we operate, particularly the semiconductor industry, and to adapt, improve and customize our products in response to evolving customer needs and industry trends. Since its inception, the semiconductor industry, which is the largest industry in which we operate, has experienced technological changes and advances in the design, manufacture, performance and application of IC devices. Our customers continually pursue lower cost of ownership and higher quality and performance of materials consumed in their manufacturing processes, including CMP slurries and pads and electronic chemicals, as a means to reduce costs, increase the yield in their manufacturing facilities, and achieve desired performance of the IC devices they produce. We expect these technological changes, and this drive toward lower costs, higher quality and performance and higher yields, will continue in the future. Potential technology developments in the semiconductor industry, as well as our customers' efforts to reduce consumption of CMP consumables, including through use of smaller quantities, could render our products less important to the IC device manufacturing process.
A SIGNIFICANT AMOUNT OF OUR BUSINESS COMES FROM A LIMITED NUMBER OF LARGE CUSTOMERS AND OUR REVENUE AND PROFITS COULD DECREASE SIGNIFICANTLY IF WE LOST ONE OR MORE OF THESE CUSTOMERS OR BUSINESS FROM THEM
Our customer base is concentrated among a limited number of large customers in each of our segments. Currently, our principal business supplies electronic materials primarily to the semiconductor industry. The semiconductor industry has been consolidating as the larger semiconductor manufacturers have generally grown faster than the smaller ones, through business gains, mergers and acquisitions, and strategic alliances. Industry analysts predict that this trend will continue, which means the semiconductor industry will continue to be comprised of fewer and larger participants in the future if their prediction is correct. In addition, our customer base in our PIM business is also somewhat concentrated, with large entities predominant, and outside of the U.S., these entities frequently are state-owned or sponsored, and limited in number per country. One or more of these principal customers could stop buying products from us or could substantially reduce the quantity of products purchased from us. Our principal customers in both of our segments also hold considerable purchasing power, which can impact the pricing and terms of sale of our products. Any deferral or significant reduction in the quantity or price of products sold to these principal customers could seriously harm our business, financial condition and results of operations.
ANY PROBLEM OR DISRUPTION IN OUR SUPPLY CHAIN, INCLUDING SUPPLY OF OUR MOST IMPORTANT RAW MATERIALS, OR IN OUR ABILITY TO MANUFACTURE OR DELIVER OUR PRODUCTS TO OUR CUSTOMERS, COULD ADVERSELY AFFECT OUR RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
We depend on our supply chain to enable us to meet the demands of our customers. Our supply chain includes the raw materials we use to manufacture our products, our production operations and the means by which we deliver our products to our customers. Our business could be adversely affected by any problem or interruption in the supply of the key raw materials we use in our products, including raw materials that do not meet the stringent quality and consistency requirements of our customers, any problem or interruption that may occur during production or delivery of our products, such as weather-related problems, natural disasters, global public health crises such as the ongoing Pandemic, geopolitical, trade or labor-related issues, civil unrest, or any difficulty in producing sufficient quantities of our products to meet growing demand from our customers. In particular, severe weather conditions have the potential to adversely affect our operations, damage facilities and increase our costs, and those conditions may also have an indirect effect on our operations by disrupting services provided by service companies or suppliers with whom we have a business relationship. Additionally, some of our full-time employees are represented by labor unions, works councils or comparable organizations, particularly in Mexico and Europe. An extended work stoppage, slowdown or other action by our employees could significantly disrupt our business. As our current agreements with labor unions and works councils expire, we cannot provide assurance that new agreements will be reached at the end of each period without union action, or that a new agreement will be reached on terms satisfactory to us. Future labor contracts may be on terms that result in higher labor costs to us, which also could adversely affect our results of operations. Our supply chain may also be negatively impacted by unanticipated price increases due to supply restrictions beyond the control of our Company or our raw materials suppliers, such as those related to the Pandemic.
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We believe it would be difficult to promptly secure alternative sources of key raw materials in the event one of our suppliers becomes unable to supply us with sufficient quantities of raw materials that meet the quality and technical specifications required by us and our customers. In addition, new contract terms, forced production or manufacturing changes, contractual amendments to existing agreements with, or non-performance by, our suppliers, including any significant financial distress our suppliers may suffer, could adversely affect us. Also, if we change the supplier or type of key raw materials we use to make our products, in particular our electronic materials products, or are required to purchase them from a different manufacturer or manufacturing facility or otherwise modify our products, in certain circumstances our customers might have to requalify our products for their manufacturing processes and products. The requalification process could take a significant amount of time and expense to complete and could occupy technical resources of our customers that might otherwise be used to evaluate our new products, thus delaying potential revenue growth, or motivate our customers to consider purchasing products from our competitors, possibly interrupting or reducing our sales of products to these customers, especially sales of our electronic materials products to our semiconductor industry customers, but also with respect to our PIM products to our pipeline and adjacent industry customers.
OUR BUSINESS COULD BE SERIOUSLY HARMED IF OUR COMPETITORS DEVELOP COMPETITIVE PRODUCTS, OFFER BETTER PRICING, SERVICE OR OTHER TERMS, OR OBTAIN OR ASSERT CERTAIN INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS
Competition from other electronic materials or performance materials providers or any new entrants could seriously harm our business and results of operations, and this competition could continue to increase. Competition has and will likely continue to impact the prices we are able to charge for our products, as well as our overall business. In addition, our competitors could have, obtain or assert intellectual property rights that could affect or restrict our ability to market our existing products and/or to innovate and develop new products, thus increasing our costs of doing business, could attempt to introduce products similar to ours following the expiration of our patents, or could attempt to introduce products that do not fall within the scope of our intellectual property rights.
WE ARE SUBJECT TO RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH OUR INTERNATIONAL OPERATIONS
We currently have operations and a large customer base outside the U.S. Approximately 65% of our revenue was generated by sales to customers outside the U.S. for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2020. We may encounter risks in doing business in certain countries other than the U.S., including, but not limited to, adverse changes in economic and political conditions, both in foreign locations and in the U.S. with respect to non-U.S. operations of U.S. businesses like ours, geopolitical and/or trade tensions, global health crises such as the ongoing Pandemic, civil unrest, fluctuation in exchange rates, changes in international trade requirements and sanctions and/or tariffs that affect our business and that of our customers and suppliers, compliance with a variety of foreign laws and regulations and related audits and investigations, as well as difficulty in enforcing business and customer contracts and agreements, including protection of intellectual property rights. We also may encounter risks that we may not be able to repatriate additional earnings from our operations outside of the U.S., derive anticipated tax benefits of these operations or recover the investments made in them, whether due to regulatory or policy changes in the U.S. or in the countries outside of the U.S. in which we do business, or other factors.
In particular, China continues to be an important market for the semiconductor industry, and an area of continued potential growth for us. As business between China and the rest of the world has continued to grow, there is risk that geopolitical, regulatory, trade, political and global public health crises such as the Pandemic could adversely affect business for companies like ours based on the complex relationships among China, the U.S., and other countries in the Asia Pacific region or elsewhere, which could have a material adverse impact on our business. In addition, there are risks that the Chinese government may, among other things, require the use of local suppliers, compel companies that do business in China to partner with local companies to conduct business, or, provide incentives to government-backed local customers to buy from local suppliers rather than companies like ours, all of which could adversely impact our business, including our results of operations. Also, as has been seen over our last fiscal year and through the first quarter of fiscal 2021, there are risks that the U.S. government may impose additional export restrictions on technology and products that companies that operate in the semiconductor industry supply to or use in China, which could adversely impact our business and our results of operations.
In addition, we have operations and customers located in the United Kingdom, which recently has exited the European Union (“EU”). As the transitional provisions under which the United Kingdom and the EU have agreed to operate expired at the end of December 2020, and the parties are still in the process of implementing new trade agreements, the related impacts on our business remain unclear.
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LEGAL, COMPLIANCE AND REGULATORY RISKS
WE ARE SUBJECT TO EXTENSIVE ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS AND REGULATIONS AND MAY INCUR COSTS THAT HAVE AN ADVERSE EFFECT ON OUR FINANCIAL CONDITION AS A RESULT OF VIOLATIONS OF OR LIABILITIES UNDER THEM
Like other companies involved in environmentally sensitive businesses, our operations and properties are subject to extensive and stringent federal, state, local and foreign Environmental, Health and Safety (“ EHS”) laws and regulations, including those concerning, among other things:
•    the marketing, sale, use and registration of our chemical products, such as penta, which is part of the wood treatment business in our Performance Materials segment;
•    the treatment, storage and disposal of wastes;
•    the investigation and remediation of contaminated media including but not limited to soil and groundwater;
•    the discharge of effluents into waterways;
•    the emission of substances into the air; and
•    other matters relating to environmental protection and various health and safety matters.
The United States EPA and other federal and state agencies in the U.S., as well as comparable agencies in other countries where we have facilities or sell our products, such as Canada or Mexico, have the authority to promulgate regulations that could have a material adverse impact on our operations. These EHS laws and regulations may require permits for certain types of operations, require the installation of expensive pollution control equipment, place restrictions upon operations or impose substantial liability for pollution and other EHS concerns resulting from our operations. Compliance with EHS laws and regulations has resulted in ongoing costs for us and could restrict our ability to modify or expand our facilities, continue production, require us to install costly pollution control equipment, or incur significant other expenses, including environmental compliance costs. We continue to manage environmental compliance activities at certain sites, such as at KMG-Bernuth's Tuscaloosa, Alabama facility as described in Note 20 of “Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements” included in Item 8 of Part II of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2020. We have incurred, and expect to continue to incur, significant costs to comply with EHS laws or to address liabilities for contamination resulting from past or present operations. Federal, state and foreign governmental authorities may seek fines and penalties, as well as injunctive relief, for violation of EHS laws and regulations, and could, among other things, impose liability on us to cleanup or mitigate environmental, natural resources or other damages resulting from a release of pesticides, hazardous materials or other chemicals into the environment. We maintain insurance coverage for sudden and accidental environmental damages. We do not believe that insurance coverage for environmental damage that occurs over time is available at a reasonable cost. Also, we do not believe that insurance coverage for the full potential liability that could be caused by sudden and accidental incidences is available at a reasonable cost. Accordingly, we may be subject to an uninsured or under-insured loss in such cases; although unknown at present, the KMG-Bernuth warehouse fire, as described in Note 11 of Part 1 of this Report on Form 10-Q, may be such an instance.
The distribution, sale and use of our products is subject to prior governmental approvals and thereafter ongoing governmental regulation: Our products are subject to laws administered by federal, state and foreign governments, including regulations requiring registration, approval and labeling. The labeling requirements restrict the use and type of application for our products. More stringent restrictions could make our products less desirable which would adversely affect our sales and profitability. All venues where our penta products are used also require registration prior to marketing or use.
Governmental regulatory authorities have required, and may require in the future, that certain scientific testing and data production be provided on our products. Under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act (“FIFRA”), the EPA requires registrants to submit a wide range of scientific data to support U.S. registrations. This requirement significantly increases our Operating expenses, and we expect those expenses will continue in the future while we operate the wood treatment business. Because scientific analyses are constantly improving, we cannot determine with certainty whether or not new or additional tests may be required by regulatory authorities. While good laboratory practice standards specify the minimum practices and procedures that must be followed in order to ensure the quality and integrity of data related to these tests submitted to the EPA, there can be no assurance that the EPA will not request certain tests or studies be repeated. In addition, more stringent legislation or requirements may be imposed in the future. Amendments to the Toxic Substances Control Act could result in increased regulation and required testing of chemicals we manufacture and could increase the costs of compliance for our operations. We can provide no assurance that the cost of such compliance will not adversely affect our profitability. Our products could also be subject to other future regulatory action that may result in restricting or completely banning their use which could have an adverse effect on our performance and results of operations.
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1. The Registration, Evaluation and Authorization of Chemicals (“REACH”) legislation may affect our ability to manufacture and sell certain products in the EU: REACH requires chemical manufacturers and importers in the EU to prove the safety of their products. We were required to pre-register certain products and file comprehensive reports, including testing data, on each chemical substance, and perform chemical safety assessments. Additionally, substances of high concern are subject to an authorization process. Authorization may result in restrictions on certain uses of products or even prohibitions on the manufacture or importation of products. The full registration requirements of REACH have been phased in over several years, and we have incurred additional expense to cause the registration of our products under these regulations. REACH may also affect our ability to import, manufacture and sell certain products in the EU. In addition, other countries and regions of the world already have or may adopt legislation similar to REACH that affect our business, affect our ability to import, manufacture or sell certain products in these jurisdictions, and have required or will require us to incur increased costs.
2. The classification of penta as a Persistent Organic Pollutant (“POP”) under the Stockholm Convention may adversely affect our ability to manufacture or sell our penta products: The Conference of the Parties (“COP”) accepted the recommendation of the United Nations Persistent Organic Pollutant Review Committee that the use of penta should be banned except that its use for the treatment of utility poles and crossarms could continue for an extended period of five to ten years. KMG-Bernuth supplies penta to industrial customers who use it primarily to treat utility poles and crossarms. The U.S. is not bound by the determination of the COP because it did not ratify the Stockholm Convention treaty. Canada and Mexico are governed by the treaty. KMG-Bernuth's sole penta manufacturing facility is located in Matamoros, Mexico, and its processing facility is located in Tuscaloosa, Alabama. As a result of the classification of penta as a POP, the Mexican government requires KMG-Bernuth to cease producing penta in Mexico by the end of calendar year 2021. In July 2020, the Canadian government released a proposed order that sales and use of penta in Canada be ceased, but such proposed order is subject to a comment period and is not final, and no timing for any such order, if implemented, has been proposed. In October 2020, the EPA indicated it was inclined to issue a proposed order that provided alternatives, one similar to Canada’s proposed order and one that would provide reregistration according to certain additional occupational use parameters to those currently existing, but any such proposed order would be subject to a comment period, including with respect to the second alternative, would be expected to provide a transition period intended not to disrupt customers of penta. In July 2019, KMG-Bernuth had communicated plans to close both the Matamoros and Tuscaloosa facilities by the end of calendar year 2021 and to consolidate into and build a new facility. However, in November 2019, we communicated that we will not build a new facility, and that while we intend to explore various options for the wood treatment business we did not intend to continue the business past approximately the end of calendar year 2021. We took a restructuring charge in our fourth fiscal quarter of 2019, and asset impairment charges in each of our fourth fiscal quarters of 2020 and 2019, as well as our first fiscal quarter of fiscal 2021, related to the decision to close the Matamoros and Tuscaloosa facilities and to not build a new plant, and as described further in Note 6 of Part 1 of this Report on Form 10-Q. We expect to take additional impairment charges related to the wood treatment business through the end of calendar year 2021. No assurance can be given that we will not incur significant expenditures in connection with closing the facilities, or that the ultimate action of the COP and our related decisions will not adversely impact on our financial condition and results of operation.
3. If our products are not re-registered by the EPA or are re-registered subject to new restrictions, our ability to sell our products may be curtailed or significantly limited: as described above, KMG-Bernuth’s penta product registrations are under continuous review by the EPA under FIFRA. The failure of KMG-Bernuth's products to be re-registered, to satisfy the registration review by the EPA, or the imposition of new use, labeling or other restrictions in connection with re-registration could have an adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.
4. Our use of hazardous materials exposes us to potential liabilities: Our manufacturing and distribution of chemical products, such as our electronic chemicals, involves the controlled use of hazardous materials. Our operations, therefore, are subject to various associated risks, including chemical spills, discharges or releases of toxic or hazardous substances or gases, fires, mechanical failure, storage facility leaks and similar events. Our suppliers are subject to similar risks that may adversely impact the availability of raw materials. While we adapt our manufacturing and distribution processes to the environmental control standards of regulatory authorities, we cannot completely eliminate the risk of accidental contamination or injury from hazardous or regulated materials, including injury of our employees, individuals who handle our products or goods treated with our products, or others who claim to have been exposed to our products, nor can we completely eliminate the unanticipated interruption or suspension of operations at our facilities due to such events. We may be held liable for significant damages or fines in the event of contamination or injury, and such assessed damages or fines could have an adverse effect on our financial performance and results of operations.
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CURRENT OR FUTURE CLIMATE CHANGE REGULATIONS COULD RESULT IN INCREASED OPERATING COSTS AND REDUCED DEMAND FOR OUR PRODUCTS
The U.S. has recently rejoined the Paris Climate Accord but to date, has not ratified the Kyoto Protocol. The Clean Air Act has been interpreted to regulate greenhouse gas (“GHG”) emissions and the EPA is using its existing regulatory authority to develop regulations requiring reduction in GHG emissions from various categories of sources, such as when a permit is required due to emissions of other pollutants. Because of the lack of any comprehensive legislation program addressing GHGs, a number of U.S. federal laws related to GHG emissions have been considered by the U.S. Congress from time to time and various state, local and regional regulations and initiatives have been enacted or are being considered related to GHGs.
Member States of the EU each have an overall cap on emissions, which are approved by the European Commission, and implement the EU Emissions Trading Directive as a commitment to the Kyoto Protocol. GHG emissions are regulated by Member States through the EU Emission Trading System and the EU Effort Sharing Decision/Regulation depending upon the industry sector. Organizations apply to the Member State for an allowance of GHG emissions. These allowances are tradable so as to enable companies that manage to reduce their GHG emissions to sell their excess allowances to companies that are not reaching their emissions objectives. Failure to purchase sufficient allowances will require the purchase of allowances at a current market price.
Any laws or regulations that may be adopted to restrict or reduce emissions of GHGs could cause an increase to our raw material costs, require us to incur increased operating costs, and have an adverse effect on demand for our products and our financial performance and results for our business.
In addition to GHG and climate change regulatory developments and legislation, we are continuing to evaluate and assess the potential impact on our business of the ongoing transition worldwide to a low carbon, resilient economy as well as physical effects resulting from climate change.
OUR PRODUCTS MAY BE RENDERED OBSOLETE OR LESS ATTRACTIVE BY CHANGES IN INDUSTRY REQUIREMENTS OR BY SUPPLY-CHAIN DRIVEN PRESSURES TO SHIFT TO ENVIRONMENTALLY PREFERABLE ALTERNATIVES
Changes in regulatory, legislative and industry requirements, or changes driven by supply-chain pressures, may shift current customers away from products using penta, products containing hazardous materials, or certain of our other products and toward alternative products that are believed to have fewer environmental effects. The EPA, foreign and state regulators, local governments, private environmental advocacy organizations, investors and investor advisory firms, and a number of large industrial companies have proposed or adopted policies designed to decrease the use of a variety of chemicals, including penta and others included in certain of our products, such as those containing hazardous materials, or to counteract the growth of certain industries such as those in which customers served by our PIM products operate. Our ability to anticipate changes in regulatory, legislative, investor, and industry requirements, or changes driven by supply-chain pressures, affects our ability to remain competitive. Further, we may not be able to comply with changed or new regulatory or industrial standards that may be necessary for us to remain competitive.
We cannot assure you that the EPA, foreign and state regulators or local governments will not restrict the uses of penta or certain of our other products or ban the use of one or more of these products or the raw materials in them. Similarly, companies who use our products may decide to reduce significantly or cease the use of our products voluntarily. As a result, our products may become obsolete or less attractive to our customers.
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GENERAL COMMERCIAL, OPERATIONAL, FINANCIAL AND REGULATORY RISKS
BECAUSE WE RELY ON OUR INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY, OUR FAILURE TO ADEQUATELY OBTAIN OR PROTECT IT COULD SIGNIFICANTLY HARM OUR BUSINESS
Protection of intellectual property is particularly important in the semiconductor industry, which is the primary industry in which we participate, because we develop complex technical formulas and processes for products that are proprietary in nature and differentiate our products from those of our competitors. Our intellectual property is important to our success and ability to compete. We attempt to protect our intellectual property rights through a combination of patent, trademark, copyright and trade secret laws, as well as employee and third-party nondisclosure and assignment agreements. In addition, we protect our product differentiation through various other means, such as proprietary supply arrangements for certain raw materials, and use of certain manufacturing technologies. Due to our international operations, we pursue protection in different jurisdictions, which may provide varying degrees of protection, and we cannot provide assurance that we can obtain adequate protection in each such jurisdiction. Our failure to obtain or maintain adequate protection of our intellectual property rights for any reason, including through the patent prosecution process or in the event of litigation related to such intellectual property, which we pursue when necessary to protect our rights against others who are found to be misusing our intellectual property, could seriously harm our business. In addition, certain types of intellectual property, such as patents, expire after a certain period of time, and products protected by our patents then lose such protection, so we refresh our intellectual property portfolio on an ongoing basis through continued innovation, and failure to do so could adversely affect our business. Also, the costs of obtaining or protecting our intellectual property could negatively affect our operating results.
OUR INABILITY TO ATTRACT AND RETAIN KEY PERSONNEL COULD CAUSE OUR BUSINESS TO SUFFER
We utilize and rely upon a global workforce. If we fail to attract and retain the necessary managerial, technical and customer support personnel, our business and our ability to maintain existing and obtain new customers, develop new products and provide acceptable levels of customer service could suffer. We compete worldwide with other participants in the industries in which we do business for qualified personnel, particularly those with significant experience in the semiconductor and pipeline industries. The loss of services of key employees, or our inability to obtain or maintain visas or other travel or residency documents on their behalf with respect to our business needs, could harm our business and results of operations. Periodically, we engage in succession planning for our key employees, and our Board of Directors reviews succession planning for our executive officers, including our chief executive officer, on an annual basis.
BECAUSE WE HAVE LIMITED EXPERIENCE IN BUSINESS AREAS OUTSIDE OF ELECTRONIC MATERIALS AND PERFORMANCE MATERIALS, EXPANSION OF OUR BUSINESS INTO OTHER PRODUCTS AND APPLICATIONS MAY NOT BE SUCCESSFUL
An element of our strategy has been to leverage our customer relationships, technological expertise and other capabilities and competencies to expand our business. For example, we have made acquisitions to expand beyond CMP consumables into other electronic materials product areas, as well as into performance materials product areas in which we have limited experience. Expanding our business into new product areas could involve technologies, production processes and business models in which we have limited experience, and we may not be able to develop and produce products or provide services that satisfy customers' needs, or we may be unable to keep pace with technological or other developments. Or, we may decide that we no longer wish to pursue these new business initiatives. Also, our competitors may have or obtain intellectual property rights that could restrict our ability to market our existing products and/or to innovate and develop new products.
TAX INCREASES OR CHANGES IN TAX RULES MAY ADVERSELY AFFECT OUR FINANCIAL RESULTS
As a company conducting business on a global basis, we are exposed, both directly and indirectly, to effects of changes in U.S., state, local and foreign tax rules. In December 2017, comprehensive tax legislation was enacted in the U.S. under the Tax Act. Known and certain estimated effects based upon current interpretation of the Tax Act have been incorporated into our financial results. Adjustments to income tax amounts could be material to our results of operations and cash flows. In addition, there is a risk that the U.S. state or foreign jurisdictions may amend their tax laws, including the Tax Act or otherwise, which could have a material impact on our future results of operations and cash flows.
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CERTAIN CRITICAL INFORMATION SYSTEMS COULD BE SUSCEPTIBLE TO CYBERSECURITY AND OTHER THREATS
We maintain and rely upon certain critical information systems for the effective operation of our business. These information systems include, but are not limited to, telecommunications, the Internet, our corporate intranet, various computer hardware and software applications, network communications, and email. These information systems may be owned and maintained by us, our outsourced providers, or third parties such as vendors, contractors, and Cloud providers. All these information systems are subject to disruption, breach or failure from various sources including, but not limited to, attacks, degradation, and failures resulting from potential sources, including viruses, malware, denial of service, destructive or inadequate code, power failures, and physical damage. Confidential and/or sensitive information stored on these information systems, or transmitted to or from Cloud storage, could be intentionally or unintentionally compromised, lost, and/or stolen. While we have implemented security procedures and virus protection software, intrusion prevention systems, access control, and emergency recovery processes to mitigate risks like these with respect to information systems that are under our control, they are not fail-safe and may be subject to breaches. Further, we cannot assure that third parties upon whom we rely for various IT services will maintain sufficient vigilance and controls over their systems. Our inability to use or access these information systems at critical points in time, or unauthorized releases of personal or confidential information, could unfavorably impact the timely and efficient operation of our business, including our results of operations, and our reputation, as well as our relationships with our employees or other individuals whose information may have been affected by such cybersecurity incidents.
In addition, regulatory authorities have increased their focus on how companies collect, process, use, store, share and transmit personal data. Privacy security laws and regulations, including the United Kingdom's Data Protection Act 2018 and the EU General Data Protection Regulation 2016, and similar laws in countries such as Korea and Taiwan, among others, pose increasingly complex compliance challenges, which may increase compliance costs, and any failure to comply with data privacy laws and regulations could result in significant penalties that could adversely affect our business and results of operations.
OUR ABILITY TO RAISE CAPITAL IN THE FUTURE MAY BE LIMITED, WHICH COULD PREVENT US FROM GROWING, AND OUR EXISTING CREDIT AGREEMENT COULD RESTRICT OUR BUSINESS ACTIVITIES
In the future we may be required to raise capital through public or private financing or other arrangements. Such financing may not be available on acceptable terms, or at all, and our failure to raise capital when needed could harm our business. Our Amended Credit Agreement contains financial and other covenants that may restrict our business activities or our ability to execute our strategic objectives, and our failure to comply with these covenants could result in a default under it. Furthermore, additional equity financing may dilute the interests of our common stockholders, and debt financing, if available, may involve restrictive covenants that could further restrict our business activities or our ability to execute our strategic objectives and could reduce our profitability. If we raise or borrow funds on acceptable terms, we may not be able to grow our business or respond to competitive pressures.
In addition, borrowings under our Amended Credit Agreement generally bear interest based on (a) a LIBOR, subject to a 0.00% floor, or (b) a base rate in each case, plus an applicable margin of, in the case of borrowings under the Term Loan Facility, 2.00% for LIBOR loans and 1.00% for base rate loans and, in the case of borrowings under the Revolving Credit Facility, initially, 1.50% for LIBOR loans and 0.50% for base rate loans. On July 27, 2017, the Financial Conduct Authority (the authority that regulates LIBOR) announced that it intends to stop compelling banks to submit rates for the calculation of LIBOR after 2021. In the U.S., the Alternative Reference Rates Committee, the working group formed to recommend an alternative rate to LIBOR, has identified the Secured Overnight Financing Rate as its preferred alternative rate for USD LIBOR. When LIBOR ceases to exist after 2021, any calculation of interest based upon the Alternate Base Rate (or any comparable or replacement formulation), may result in higher interest rates. To the extent that these interest rates increase, our Interest expense will increase, which could adversely affect our financial condition, operating results and cash flows.
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THE MARKET PRICE FOR OUR COMMON STOCK MAY FLUCTUATE SIGNIFICANTLY AND RAPIDLY
The market price of our common stock has fluctuated and could continue to fluctuate significantly as a result of factors such as: economic, geopolitical, global public health (i.e., the Pandemic), political and stock market conditions generally and specifically as they may impact participants in the semiconductor and related industries; and/or participants in oil and gas related industries; changes in financial estimates and recommendations by securities analysts who follow our stock; earnings and other announcements, and changes in market evaluations, by securities analysts, investors, market participants or others, of or related to, us or participants in the semiconductor and related industries; changes in business, trade or regulatory conditions affecting us or participants in the semiconductor and related industries; announcements or implementation by us, our competitors, or our customers of technological innovations, new products or different business strategies; changes in our capital deployment strategy, issuances of shares of our capital stock or entering into a business combination or other strategic transaction; and trading volume of our common stock.
ANTI-TAKEOVER PROVISIONS UNDER OUR CERTIFICATE OF INCORPORATION AND BYLAWS MAY DISCOURAGE THIRD PARTIES FROM MAKING AN UNSOLICITED BID FOR OUR COMPANY
Our certificate of incorporation and bylaws, and various provisions of the Delaware General Corporation Law may make it more difficult or expensive to effect a change in control of our Company. For instance, our amended and restated certificate of incorporation provides for the division of our Board of Directors into three classes as nearly equal in size as possible with staggered three-year terms.
We have adopted change in control arrangements covering our executive officers and other key employees. These arrangements provide for a cash severance payment, continued medical benefits and other ancillary payments and benefits upon termination of service of a covered employee's employment following a change in control, which may make it more expensive to acquire our Company.
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ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS
ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES
In January 2016, our Board of Directors authorized an increase in the amount available under our share repurchase program to $150.0 million. As of December 31, 2020, there was $27.1 million of authorized repurchases remaining under the program. The manner in which the Company repurchases its shares is discussed in Part I, Item 2, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, under the heading “Liquidity and Capital Resources,” of this Report on Form 10-Q.  To date, we have funded share purchases under our share repurchase program from our available cash balance, and anticipate we will continue to do so.

PeriodTotal Number of Shares Purchased
(in thousands)
Average Price Paid Per ShareTotal Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plans or Programs
(in thousands)
Approximate Dollar Value of Shares that May Yet Be Purchased Under the Plans or Programs
(in thousands)
Oct. 1 through Oct. 31, 2020— $— — $36,259 
Nov. 1 through Nov. 30, 2020$152.51 $35,859 
Dec. 1 through Dec. 31, 202059 $147.85 59 $27,058 
Total62 $148.04 62 $27,058 

ITEM 3. DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES
Not applicable.

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES
Not applicable.

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ITEM 6. EXHIBITS
The exhibit numbers in the following list correspond to the number assigned to such exhibits in the Exhibit Table of Item 601 of Regulation S-K:
Exhibit
Number
 Description
Credit Agreement, dated as of November 15, 2018, by and among CMC Materials, Inc., the lenders party thereto and JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as administrative agent.†
Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) and 15d-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) and 15d-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
Certification pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
101. INSXBRL Instance Document - The Instance Document does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document.
101.SCHXBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema
101.CALXBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase
101.DEFXBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase
101.LABXBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase
101.PREXBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase
104.Cover Page Interactive Data File - The Cover Page Interactive Data File does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document.
This document is being re-filed solely to reflect the Company’s name change.

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SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
CMC MATERIALS, INC.
[Registrant]
Date: February 4, 2021By:/s/ SCOTT D. BEAMER
Scott D. Beamer
Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
[Principal Financial Officer]
Date: February 4, 2021By:/s/ JEANETTE A. PRESS
Jeanette A. Press
Corporate Controller
[Principal Accounting Officer]

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