Docoh
Loading...

VC Visteon




UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington D.C. 20549
________________
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2020
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ____________ to ____________
Commission file number 001-15827
VISTEON CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
State ofDelaware 38-3519512
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
One Village Center Drive,Van Buren Township,Michigan48111
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (800)-VISTEON
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, Par Value $.01 Per ShareVCThe NASDAQ Stock Market LLC
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ü No__
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ü No __
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer,” "smaller reporting company" and “emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer  ü  Accelerated filer  __   Non-accelerated filer __   Smaller reporting company 
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. __
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No ü
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed all documents and reports required to be filed by Sections 12, 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 subsequent to the distribution of securities under a plan confirmed by a court. Yes ü No__
As of April 24, 2020, the registrant had outstanding 27,825,046 shares of common stock.
Exhibit index located on page number 37.


1





Visteon Corporation and Subsidiaries
Index


2




Part I
Financial Information

Item 1.Consolidated Financial Statements
 
VISTEON CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(In millions except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
 Three Months Ended March 31
 2020 2019
Net sales$643
 $737
Cost of sales(590) (671)
Gross margin53
 66
Selling, general and administrative expenses(54) (57)
Restructuring expense, net(33) (1)
Interest expense(3) (3)
Interest income1
 1
Equity in net income of non-consolidated affiliates1
 3
Other income, net4
 2
Income (loss) before income taxes(31) 11
Benefit (provision) for income taxes(5) 5
Net income (loss)(36) 16
Net (income) loss attributable to non-controlling interests1
 (2)
Net income (loss) attributable to Visteon Corporation$(35) $14
    
Comprehensive income (loss)$(73) $21
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Visteon Corporation$(72) $18
    
Basic earnings (loss) per share attributable to Visteon Corporation$(1.25) $0.50
    
Diluted earnings (loss) per share attributable to Visteon Corporation$(1.25) $0.49

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.

3




VISTEON CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In millions)
 (Unaudited)  
 March 31 December 31
 2020 2019
ASSETS
Cash and equivalents$822
 $466
Restricted cash3
 3
Accounts receivable, net401
 514
Inventories, net180
 169
Other current assets177
 193
Total current assets1,583
 1,345
Property and equipment, net420
 436
Intangible assets, net126
 127
Right-of-use assets161
 165
Investments in non-consolidated affiliates48
 48
Other non-current assets150
 150
Total assets$2,488
 $2,271
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
Short-term debt$36
 $37
Accounts payable442
 511
Accrued employee liabilities59
 73
Current lease liability30
 30
Other current liabilities162
 147
Total current liabilities729
 798
Long-term debt, net748
 348
Employee benefits284
 292
Non-current lease liability140
 139
Deferred tax liabilities27
 27
Other non-current liabilities59
 72
Stockholders’ equity:   
Preferred stock (par value $0.01, 50 million shares authorized, none outstanding as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019)
 
Common stock (par value $0.01, 250 million shares authorized, 55 million shares issued, 28 million shares outstanding as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019)1
 1
Additional paid-in capital1,337
 1,342
Retained earnings1,644
 1,679
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(304) (267)
Treasury stock(2,284) (2,275)
Total Visteon Corporation stockholders’ equity394
 480
Non-controlling interests107
 115
Total equity501
 595
Total liabilities and equity$2,488
 $2,271

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.

4




VISTEON CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In millions)
(Unaudited)
 Three Months Ended March 31
 2020 2019
Operating Activities   
Net income (loss)$(36) $16
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided from operating activities:   
Depreciation and amortization25
 25
Non-cash stock-based compensation5
 5
Equity in net income of non-consolidated affiliates, net of dividends remitted(1) (3)
Other non-cash items6
 3
Changes in assets and liabilities:   
Accounts receivable102
 3
Inventories(16) (11)
Accounts payable(42) 9
Other assets and other liabilities(18) (43)
Net cash provided from operating activities25
 4
Investing Activities   
Capital expenditures, including intangibles(44) (37)
Loan repayments from non-consolidated affiliates2
 2
Other1
 1
Net cash used by investing activities(41) (34)
Financing Activities   
Borrowings on revolving credit facility400
 
Repurchase of common stock(16) 
Dividends paid to non-controlling interests(7) 
Short-term debt repayments, net
 (2)
Net cash provided from (used by) financing activities377
 (2)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash(5) 
Net increase (decrease) in cash356
 (32)
Cash and restricted cash at beginning of the period469
 467
Cash and restricted cash at end of the period$825
 $435

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.

5




VISTEON CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN EQUITY
(In millions)
(Unaudited)
 Total Visteon Corporation Stockholders' Equity    
 
Common
Stock
 
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
 
Treasury
Stock
 Total Visteon Corporation Stockholders' Equity Non-Controlling Interests Total Equity
December 31, 2019$1
 $1,342
 $1,679
 $(267) $(2,275) $480
 $115
 $595
Net loss
 
 (35) 
 
 (35) (1) (36)
Other comprehensive loss
 
 
 (37) 
 (37) 
 (37)
Stock-based compensation, net
 (5) 
 
 7
 2
 
 2
Repurchase of shares of common stock
 
 
 
 (16) (16) 
 (16)
Cash dividends
 
 
 
 
 
 (7) (7)
March 31, 2020$1
 $1,337
 $1,644
 $(304) $(2,284) $394
 $107
 $501
 Total Visteon Corporation Stockholders' Equity    
 
Common
Stock
 
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
 
Treasury
Stock
 Total Visteon Corporation Stockholders' Equity Non-Controlling Interests Total Equity
December 31, 2018$1
 $1,335
 $1,609
 $(216) $(2,264) $465
 $117
 $582
Net income
 
 14
 
 
 14
 2
 16
Other comprehensive income
 
 
 4
 
 4
 1
 5
Stock-based compensation, net
 (5) 
 
 7
 2
 
 2
Acquisition of non-controlling interest
 2
 
 
 
 2
 (2) 
March 31, 2019$1
 $1,332
 $1,623
 $(212) $(2,257)
$487
 $118
 $605

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.

6





VISTEON CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

NOTE 1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

The unaudited consolidated financial statements of Visteon Corporation (the "Company" or "Visteon") have been prepared in accordance with the rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"). Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States ("U.S. GAAP") have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. These interim consolidated financial statements include all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments, except as otherwise disclosed) that management believes are necessary for a fair presentation of the results of operations, financial position and cash flows of the Company for the interim periods presented. Interim results are not necessarily indicative of full-year results.

Use of Estimates: The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect amounts reported herein. Such estimates and assumptions affect, among other things, the Company’s goodwill and long-lived asset valuation; inventory valuation; assessment of the annual effective tax rate; valuation of deferred income taxes and income tax contingencies; and credit losses related to our financial assets. Considerable judgment is involved in making these determinations and the use of different estimates or assumptions could result in significantly different results. Management believes its assumptions and estimates are reasonable and appropriate. However, actual results could differ from those reported herein. Events and changes in circumstances arising after March 31, 2020, including those resulting from the impacts of COVID-19, will be reflected in management’s estimates for future periods.

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements:

The Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2016-13, "Credit Losses (Topic 326) - Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments", effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019. The guidance requires financial asset (or a group of financial assets) measured on the basis of amortized cost to be presented at the net amount expected to be collected. The guidance also requires that the income statement reflect the measurement of credit losses for newly recognized financial assets as well as the expected increases or decreases of expected credit losses that have taken place during the period. Additionally, the guidance limits the credit loss to the amount by which fair value is below amortized cost.

The Company adopted the guidance effective January 1, 2020. The guidance allows for various methods for measuring expected credit losses. The Company elected to apply a historical loss rate based on historic write offs by region to aging categories. The historical loss rate will be adjusted for current conditions and reasonable and supportable forecasts of future losses as necessary. The adoption of the guidance did not have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements. Accordingly, the allowance for doubtful accounts balance was $10 million as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

The FASB issued ASU 2019-12, "Income Taxes (Topic 740) - Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes." The new guidance simplifies the accounting for income taxes by eliminating certain exceptions related to the approach for intraperiod tax allocation, the methodology for calculating income taxes in an interim period, hybrid taxes and the recognition of deferred tax liabilities for outside basis differences.  It also clarifies and simplifies other aspects of the accounting for income taxes.  For public companies, the amendments in this ASU are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020 and interim periods within those fiscal years.  Early adoption is permitted in interim or annual periods with any adjustments reflected as of the beginning of the annual period that includes that interim period.  Additionally, entities that elect early adoption must adopt all the amendments in the same period.  Amendments are to be applied prospectively, except for certain amendments that are to be applied either retrospectively or with a modified retrospective approach through a cumulative effect adjustment recorded to retained earnings.  The Company adopted the guidance effective January 1, 2020. The adoption of the guidance did not have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements.
 
Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted:

In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-04. "Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848) - Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting." The guidance provides optional expedients and exceptions for applying U.S. GAAP to contract modifications and hedging relationships, subject to meeting certain criteria, that reference LIBOR or another rate that is expected to be discontinued. The amendments in the guidance are effective for all entities as of March 12, 2020 through December 31, 2022. The Company is currently evaluating the impacts of the provisions of ASU 2020-04 on its financial position, results of operations, and cash flows.

7




NOTE 2. Revenue Recognition
Disaggregated revenue by geographical market and product lines is as follows:

Three Months Ended March 31
(In millions)2020 2019
Geographical Markets
  
Europe$254
 $262
Americas192
 190
China Domestic57
 108
China Export64
 69
Other Asia-Pacific116
 157
Eliminations(40) (49)

$643
 $737

 Three Months Ended March 31
(In millions)2020 2019
Product Lines   
Instrument clusters$312
 $314
Audio and infotainment145
 196
Information displays109
 123
Body and security25
 32
Climate controls10
 21
Telematics12
 11
Other30
 40
 $643
 $737

During the three months ended March 31, 2020, revenue recognized related performance obligations satisfied in previous periods represented less than 1% of consolidated net sales. The Company has no material contract assets, contract liabilities or capitalized contract acquisition costs as of March 31, 2020.

NOTE 3. Segment Information
Financial results for the Company's reportable segment have been prepared using a management approach, which is consistent with the basis and manner in which financial information is evaluated by the Company's chief operating decision maker in allocating resources and in assessing performance. The Company’s chief operating decision maker, the Chief Executive Officer, evaluates the performance of the Company’s segment primarily based on net sales, before elimination of inter-company shipments, Adjusted EBITDA (a non-GAAP financial measure, as defined below) and operating assets. As the Company has one reportable segment, net sales, total assets, depreciation, amortization and capital expenditures are equal to consolidated results.
The Company’s current reportable segment is Electronics, which provides vehicle cockpit electronics products to customers, including instrument clusters, information displays, infotainment systems, audio systems, telematics solutions and head-up displays.
Adjusted EBITDA

The Company defines Adjusted EBITDA as net income attributable to the Company adjusted to eliminate the impact of depreciation and amortization, restructuring expense, net interest expense, equity in net income of non-consolidated affiliates, gain and loss on divestiture, provision for income taxes, discontinued operations, net income attributable to non-controlling interests, non-cash stock-based compensation expense, and other gains and losses not reflective of the Company's ongoing operations.

Adjusted EBITDA is presented as a supplemental measure of the Company's financial performance that management believes is useful to investors because the excluded items may vary significantly in timing or amounts and/or may obscure trends useful in evaluating and comparing the Company's operating activities across reporting periods. Not all companies use identical calculations and, accordingly, the Company's presentation of Adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures of other companies. Adjusted EBITDA is not a recognized term under U.S. GAAP and does not purport to be a substitute for net

8




income as an indicator of operating performance or cash flows from operating activities as a measure of liquidity. Adjusted EBITDA has limitations as an analytical tool and is not intended to be a measure of cash flow available for management's discretionary use, as it does not consider certain cash requirements such as interest payments, tax payments and debt service requirements. In addition, the Company uses Adjusted EBITDA (i) as a factor in incentive compensation decisions, (ii) to evaluate the effectiveness of the Company's business strategies and (iii) the Company's credit agreements use measures similar to Adjusted EBITDA to measure compliance with certain covenants.

Segment Adjusted EBITDA and reconciliation to net income attributable to Visteon is as follows:
 Three Months Ended March 31
(In millions)2020 2019
Net income (loss) attributable to Visteon Corporation$(35) $14
  Depreciation and amortization25
 25
  Non-cash, stock-based compensation expense5
 5
  Provision (benefit) for income taxes5
 (5)
  Interest expense, net2
 2
  Net income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interests(1) 2
  Restructuring expense, net33
 1
  Equity in net income of non-consolidated affiliates(1) (3)
Adjusted EBITDA$33
 $41

NOTE 4. Earnings Per Share
Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing net income attributable to Visteon by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing net income by the weighted average number of common and potentially dilutive common shares outstanding. Performance based share units are considered contingently issuable shares, and are included in the computation of diluted earnings per share based on the number of shares that would be issuable if the reporting date were the end of the contingency period and if the result would be dilutive.
The table below provides details underlying the calculations of basic and diluted earnings per share:
 Three Months Ended March 31
(In millions, except per share amounts)2020 2019
Numerator:   
Net income (loss) attributable to Visteon$(35) $14
Denominator:   
Average common stock outstanding - basic27.9
 28.2
Dilutive effect of performance based share units and other
 0.2
Diluted shares27.9
 28.4
Basic and Diluted Per Share Data:   
Basic earnings (loss) per share attributable to Visteon$(1.25) $0.50
    
Diluted earnings (loss) per share attributable to Visteon:$(1.25) $0.49

For the three months ended March 31, 2020, approximately 170,000 performance based share units were excluded from the calculation of diluted loss per share because the effect of including them would have been anti-dilutive.

NOTE 5. Restructuring Activities
Given the economically-sensitive and highly competitive nature of the automotive electronics industry, the Company continues to closely monitor current market factors and industry trends, taking action as necessary which may include restructuring actions. However, there can be no assurance that any such actions will be sufficient to fully offset the impact of adverse factors on the Company or its results of operations, financial position and cash flows.

9




Electronics

During January 2020, the Company approved a restructuring program impacting primarily European engineering and administrative functions to improve the Company’s efficiency and rationalize its footprint. During the three months ended March 31, 2020, the Company recorded $21 million in relation to the program and expects to incur up to $24 million under this program. The total expected costs include employee severance, retention and termination costs. As of March 31, 2020, $20 million remains accrued for the program.

During March 2020, the Company approved a global restructuring program impacting engineering, administrative and manufacturing facilities to improve efficiency and further rationalize the Company’s footprint. During the three months ended March 31, 2020, the Company recorded $11 million in relation to the program and expects to incur up to $15 million under this program. The total expected costs include employee severance, retention and termination costs. As of March 31, 2020, $9 million remains accrued for the program.

Additionally, during 2020 the Company recorded and paid $1 million related to restructuring expenses at two North American manufacturing facilities.

During the first quarter of 2019, the Company approved a restructuring program impacting two European manufacturing facilities due to the end of life of certain product lines. During the three months ended March 31, 2019, the Company recorded $2 million of restructuring expenses for this program.

During the second quarter of 2018, the Company approved a restructuring program impacting legacy employees at a South America facility and employees at North America manufacturing facilities due to the wind-down of certain products, as of March 31, 2020, $3 million remains accrued related to this program.

During the third quarter of 2018, the Company approved a restructuring program impacting engineering and administrative functions to optimize operations, as of March 31, 2020, $2 million remains accrued for the program.

Other and Discontinued Operations
As of March 31, 2020, the Company retained restructuring reserves as part of the Company's divestiture of the majority of its global Interiors business (the "Interiors Divestiture") of $2 million associated with completed programs for the fundamental reorganization of operations at facilities in Brazil and France.
Restructuring Reserves
Restructuring reserve balances of $36 million and $10 million as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively, are classified as "Other current liabilities" on the consolidated balance sheets. The Company anticipates that the activities associated with the current restructuring reserve balance will be substantially complete by mid-2021. The Company’s consolidated restructuring reserves and related activity are summarized below, including amounts associated with discontinued operations.
(In millions)Electronics Other and Discontinued Operations Total
December 31, 2019$8
 $2
 $10
   Expense33
 
 33
   Utilization(6) 
 (6)
   Foreign currency(1) 
 (1)
March 31, 2020$34
 $2
 $36


10




NOTE 6. Non-Consolidated Affiliates
Variable Interest Entities
The Company determines whether joint ventures in which it has invested are Variable Interest Entities (“VIE”) at the start of each new venture and when a reconsideration event has occurred. An enterprise must consolidate a VIE if it is determined to be the primary beneficiary of the VIE. The primary beneficiary has both the power to direct the activities of the VIE that most significantly impact the entity’s economic performance and the obligation to absorb losses or the right to receive benefits from the VIE that could potentially be significant to the VIE.
Visteon and Yangfeng Automotive Trim Systems Co. Ltd. ("YF") each own 50% of a joint venture under the name of Yanfeng Visteon Investment Co., Ltd. ("YFVIC"). In October 2014, YFVIC completed the purchase of YF’s 49% direct ownership in Yanfeng Visteon Automotive Electronics Co., Ltd. ("YFVE") a consolidated joint venture of the Company ("The YFVIC Transaction"). The purchase by YFVIC was financed through a shareholder loan from YF and external borrowings, guaranteed by Visteon, which was paid in 2019.
The Company determined that YFVIC is a VIE. The Company holds a variable interest in YFVIC primarily related to its ownership interests and subordinated financial support. The Company and YF each own 50% of YFVIC and neither entity has the power to control the operations of YFVIC; therefore, the Company is not the primary beneficiary of YFVIC and does not consolidate the joint venture.
A summary of the Company's investments in YFVIC is provided below:
 March 31 December 31
(In millions)2020 2019
Payables due to YFVIC$9
 $9
Exposure to loss in YFVIC:   
Investment in YFVIC$43
 $43
Receivables due from YFVIC28
 41
Subordinated loan receivable from YFVIC6
 8
    Maximum exposure to loss in YFVIC$77
 $92


NOTE 7. Inventories
Inventories, net consist of the following components:
 March 31 December 31
(In millions)2020 2019
Raw materials$115
 $100
Work-in-process25
 28
Finished products40
 41
 $180
 $169


11




NOTE 8. Long-Lived Assets
Intangible assets, net are comprised of the following:
   March 31, 2020
(In millions)Estimated Weighted Average Useful Life (years) Gross Intangibles Accumulated Amortization Net Intangibles
Definite-Lived:  
Developed technology5 $40
 $(36) $4
Customer related10 87
 (52) 35
Capitalized software development3 37
 (5) 32
Other19 15
 (5) 10
Subtotal  179
 (98) 81
Indefinite-Lived:  
Goodwill  45
 
 45
Total  $224
 $(98) $126

A roll-forward of the carrying amounts of intangible assets is presented below:
 December 31, 2019 March 31, 2020
(In millions)Gross Intangibles Accumulated Amortization Net Intangibles  Additions Foreign Currency Amortization Expense Net Intangibles
Definite-Lived:      
Developed technology$40
 $(35) $5
 $
 $
 $(1) $4
Customer related89
 (51) 38
 
 (1) (2) 35
Capitalized software development32
 (5) 27
 5
 
 
 32
Other15
 (4) 11
 
 
 (1) 10
Subtotal176
 (95) 81
 5
 (1) (4) 81
Indefinite-Lived:      
Goodwill46
 
 46
 
 (1) 
 45
Total$222
 $(95) $127
 $5
 $(2) $(4) $126

The Company recorded amortization expense of $4 million for each three month period ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 related to definite-lived intangible assets. The Company currently estimates annual amortization expense to be $15 million , $17 million, $17 million, $14 million, $8 million and $7 million for the years ended 2020, 2021, 2022, 2023, 2024, and 2025, respectively. Indefinite-lived intangible assets are not amortized but are tested for impairment at least annually, or earlier when events and circumstances indicate that it is more likely than not that such assets have been impaired.

The Company considered the global COVID-19 pandemic as a possible indicator of impairment for all its long-lived assets. The Company concluded that its long-lived assets were not impaired as of March 31, 2020.


12




NOTE 9. Other Assets
Other current assets are comprised of the following components:
 March 31 December 31
(In millions)2020 2019
Recoverable taxes$62
 $61
Prepaid assets and deposits30
 22
Joint venture receivables28
 41
Contractually reimbursable engineering costs25
 29
China bank notes19
 16
Royalty agreements10
 17
Other3
 7
 $177
 $193

The Company sold $27 million and $23 million of China bank notes during the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 respectively. The collection of such bank notes are included in operating cash flows based on the substance of the underlying transactions, which are operating in nature. As of March 31, 2020, $24 million remains outstanding and will mature by the end of the third quarter of 2020.
Other non-current assets are comprised of the following components:
 March 31 December 31
(In millions)2020 2019
Deferred tax assets$56
 $59
Contractually reimbursable engineering costs33
 24
Recoverable taxes21
 28
Royalty agreements14
 11
Joint venture notes receivables6
 8
Other20
 20
 $150
 $150
During 2019, the Company amended royalty agreements with certain suppliers as part of cost reduction efforts. As of March 31, 2020, $10 million was recorded in other current assets and $14 million in other non-current assets, with an offsetting amount of $14 million in accounts payable and $7 million in other non-current liabilities relating to these agreements. The Company recorded $4 million of royalty expense during the three months ended March 31, 2020 associated with such arrangements.

Current and non-current contractually reimbursable engineering costs are related to pre-production design and development costs incurred pursuant to long-term supply arrangements that are contractually guaranteed for reimbursement by customers. The Company expects to receive cash reimbursement payments of $19 million during the remainder of 2020, $15 million in 2021, $14 million in 2022, $3 million in 2023 and $7 million in 2024 and beyond.


13




NOTE 10. Debt
The Company’s short and long-term debt consists of the following:
 March 31 December 31
(In millions)2020 2019
Short-Term Debt:   
Short-term borrowings$36
 $37
    
Long-Term Debt:   
Term debt facility, net$348
 $348
Revolving credit facility400
 
Total long-term debt, net$748
 $348

Short-Term Debt
Short-term borrowings are primarily related to the Company's non-U.S. joint ventures and are payable in Chinese Renminbi and India Rupee. As of March 31, 2020, the available borrowings under these affiliate credit facilities are $117 million. Certain of these facilities have pledged assets as security or accompanied by corporate credit support.
Long-Term Debt

On March 19, 2020, the Company borrowed the entire amount of revolving loans available under the Revolving Credit Facility to increase its cash position and maximize its flexibility in light of the current uncertainty surrounding the impact of COVID-19. As of March 31, 2020, the Company had $350 million of Term Facility loans and $400 million of Revolving Credit Facility loans outstanding under the Company's credit agreement (the "Credit Agreement"), both facilities will mature during 2024.

Interest on the Term Facility loans accrue at a rate equal to a LIBOR-based rate plus an applicable margin of 1.75% per annum. Revolving Credit Facility loans accrue interest at a rate equal to a LIBOR-based rate plus an applicable margin of between 1.00% - 2.00%, as determined by the Company's total gross leverage ratio. As of March 31, 2020, the all-in rates for the Term Facility and Revolving Credit Facility loans were 2.79% and 2.49%, respectively.

The Credit Agreement requires compliance with customary affirmative and negative covenants and contains customary events of default.  The Revolving Credit Facility also requires that the Company maintain a total net leverage ratio no greater than 3.50:1.00. During any period when the Company’s corporate and family ratings meet investment grade ratings, certain of the negative covenants shall be suspended. As of March 31, 2020, the Company was in compliance with all its debt covenants. 

The Revolving Credit Facility also provides $75 million availability for the issuance of letters of credit and a maximum of $20 million for swing line borrowings.  Any amount of the facility utilized for letters of credit or swing line loans outstanding will reduce the amount available under the existing Revolving Credit Facility. The Company may request increases in the limits under the Credit Agreement and may request the addition of one or more term loan facilities. Outstanding borrowings may be prepaid without penalty (other than borrowings made for the purpose of reducing the effective interest rate margin or weighted average yield of the loans). There are mandatory prepayments of principal in connection with: (i) excess cash flow sweeps above certain leverage thresholds, (ii) certain asset sales or other dispositions, (iii) certain refinancing of indebtedness and (iv) over-advances under the Revolving Credit Facility. There are no excess cash flow sweeps required at the Company’s current leverage level.

All obligations under the Credit Agreement and obligations with respect to certain cash management services and swap transaction agreements between the Company and its lenders are unconditionally guaranteed by certain of the Company’s subsidiaries. Under the terms of the Credit Agreement, any amounts outstanding are secured by a first-priority perfected lien (subject to certain exceptions) on substantially all property of the Company and the subsidiaries party to the security agreement, subject to certain limitations. 







14




Other

The Company has a $5 million letter of credit facility, whereby the Company is required to maintain a cash collateral account equal to 103% (110% for non-U.S. dollar denominated letters) of the aggregate stated amount of issued letters of credit and must reimburse any amounts drawn under issued letters of credit. The Company had $2 million of outstanding letters of credit issued under this facility secured by restricted cash, as of March 31, 2020. Additionally, the Company had $12 million of locally issued letters of credit with less than $1 million of collateral as of March 31, 2020, to support various tax appeals, customs arrangements and other obligations at its local affiliates.

NOTE 11. Other Liabilities
Other current liabilities are summarized as follows:
 March 31 December 31
(In millions)2020 2019
Restructuring reserves$36
 $10
Product warranty and recall accruals35
 34
Deferred income19
 22
Royalties17
 19
Non-income taxes payable12
 17
Joint venture payables9
 9
Income taxes payable5
 7
Dividends payable to non-controlling interests2
 3
Other27
 26
 $162
 $147

Other non-current liabilities are summarized as follows:
 March 31 December 31
(In millions)2020 2019
Product warranty and recall accruals$14
 $15
Derivative financial instruments12
 14
Deferred income8
 9
Royalty agreements7
 13
Income tax reserves5
 5
Non-income tax reserves1
 1
Other12
 15
 $59
 $72

During 2019, the Company amended royalty agreements with certain suppliers as part of cost reduction efforts. As of March 31, 2020, $10 million was recorded in other current assets and $14 million in other non-current assets, with an offsetting amount of $14 million in accounts payable and $7 million in other non-current liabilities relating to these agreements. The Company recorded $4 million of royalty expense during the three months ended March 31, 2020 associated with such arrangements.


15




NOTE 12. Employee Benefit Plans
Defined Benefit Plans
The Company's net periodic benefit costs for all defined benefit plans for the three month periods ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 were as follows:
 U.S. Plans Non-U.S. Plans
(In millions)2020 2019 2020 2019
Costs Recognized in Income:       
Pension financing benefits (cost):       
Interest cost$(6) $(8) $(2) $(2)
Expected return on plan assets10
 10
 2
 2
Restructuring related pension cost:       
Special termination benefits(1) 
 
 
Net pension benefit (cost)$3
 $2
 $
 $

Pension financing benefits of $4 million and $2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively are classified as Other income, net on the Company's Consolidated Statement of Operations.
Required 2020 contributions to the Company's defined benefit plans are approximately $20 million. The Company is currently evaluating opportunities to defer some or all of its 2020 contributions pursuant to relief measures offered by the U.S. and U.K. governments in light of COVID-19.
NOTE 13. Income Taxes
During the three month period ended March 31, 2020, the Company recorded a provision for income tax on continuing operations of $5 million, which reflects income tax expense in countries where the Company is profitable; accrued withholding taxes; ongoing assessments related to the recognition and measurement of uncertain tax benefits; the inability to record a tax benefit for pretax losses and/or recognize expense for pretax income in certain jurisdictions (including the U.S.) due to valuation allowances; and other non-recurring tax items, including changes in judgment about valuation allowances. Pretax losses from continuing operations in jurisdictions where valuation allowances are maintained and no income tax benefits are recognized totaled $52 million and $13 million for the three month periods ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively, resulting in an increase in the Company's effective tax rate in those years.
The Company's provision for income taxes in interim periods is computed by applying an estimated annual effective tax rate against income before income taxes, excluding equity in net income of non-consolidated affiliates for the period. Effective tax rates vary from period to period as separate calculations are performed for those countries where the Company's operations are profitable and whose results continue to be tax-effected and for those countries where full deferred tax valuation allowances exist and are maintained. In determining the estimated annual effective tax rate, the Company analyzes various factors, including but not limited to, forecasts of projected annual earnings, taxing jurisdictions in which the pretax income and/or pretax losses will be generated, available tax planning strategies and estimated impacts attributable to the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (the "Act"). The changing and volatile macro-economic conditions connected with the COVID-19 pandemic may cause fluctuations in forecasted earnings before income taxes. As such, the Company's effective tax rate could be subject to volatility as forecasted earnings before income taxes are impacted by events which cannot be predicted. The Company’s estimated annual effective tax rate is updated each quarter and may be significantly impacted by changes to the mix of forecasted earnings by tax jurisdiction. The tax impact of adjustments to the estimated annual effective tax rate are recorded in the period such estimates are revised. The Company is also required to record the tax impact of certain other non-recurring tax items, including changes in judgment about valuation allowances and uncertain tax positions, and changes in tax laws or rates, in the interim period in which they occur, rather than include them in the estimated annual effective tax rate.
The need to maintain valuation allowances against deferred tax assets in the U.S. and other affected countries will cause variability in the Company’s quarterly and annual effective tax rates. Full valuation allowances against deferred tax assets in the U.S. and applicable foreign countries will be maintained until sufficient positive evidence exists to reduce or eliminate them. The factors considered by management in its determination of the probability of the realization of the deferred tax assets include, but are not limited to, recent historical financial results, historical taxable income, projected future taxable income, the expected timing of the reversals of existing temporary differences, tax planning strategies and projected future impacts attributable to the Act. If, based upon the weight of available evidence, it is more likely than not the deferred tax assets will not be realized, a valuation

16




allowance is recorded. The weight given to the positive and negative evidence is commensurate with the extent to which the evidence may be objectively verified. As such, it is generally difficult for positive evidence regarding projected future taxable income exclusive of reversing taxable temporary differences to outweigh objective negative evidence of recent financial reporting losses, in particular, when there is a cumulative loss incurred over a three-year period. However, the three-year loss position is not solely determinative and, accordingly, management considers all other available positive and negative evidence in its analysis. In regards to the full valuation allowance recorded against the U.S. net deferred tax assets, despite recent improvement in the U.S. financial results, management concluded that the weight of negative evidence continues to outweigh the positive evidence, as the impact of COVID-19 reinforces the prevailing uncertainty surrounding global production volumes in 2020 that had already showed signs of softening which contributed to the reduction in the U.S. profitability during 2019. These factors further contribute to the relative uncertainty surrounding the ability that the U.S. operations will demonstrate sustained profitability in the future. Additionally, the Company has made a policy election to apply the incremental cash tax savings approach when analyzing the impact the Act's provisions for global intangible low-taxed income ("GILTI") could have on its U.S. valuation allowance assessment. As a result of future expected GILTI inclusions, and because of the Act’s ordering rules, U.S. companies may now expect to utilize tax attribute carryforwards (e.g. net operating losses and foreign tax credits) for which a valuation allowance has historically been recorded (this is referred to as the “tax law ordering approach”). However, due to the mechanics of the GILTI rules, companies that have a GILTI inclusion may realize a reduced (or no) cash tax savings from utilizing such tax attribute carryforwards (this view is referred to as the “incremental cash tax savings approach”). These positions, along with management’s analysis of all other available evidence, resulted in the conclusion that the Company maintain the valuation allowance against deferred tax assets in the U.S. Based on the Company’s current assessment, it is possible that within the next 12 to 24 months, the existing valuation allowance against the U.S. net deferred tax assets could be partially released. Any such release is dependent upon the sustained improvement in U.S. operating results, and, if such a release of the valuation allowance were to occur, it could have a significant impact on net income in the quarter in which it is deemed appropriate to partially release the reserve.
In March 2019, the closure of tax audits in Germany allowed the Company to initiate a tax planning strategy previously determined not to be prudent. This strategy provided the necessary positive evidence to support the future utilization of a portion of the Company's deferred tax assets in Germany resulting in a $12 million valuation allowance release during the three months ended March 31, 2019.
Unrecognized Tax Benefits
Gross unrecognized tax benefits as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, including amounts attributable to discontinued operations, were $13 million in both years. Of these amounts, approximately $6 million in both years represent the amount of unrecognized benefits that, if recognized, would impact the effective tax rate. The gross unrecognized tax benefit differs from that which would impact the effective tax rate due to uncertain tax positions embedded in other deferred tax attributes carrying a full valuation allowance. If the uncertainty is resolved while a full valuation allowance is maintained, these uncertain tax positions should not impact the effective tax rate in current or future periods. The Company records interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions as a component of income tax expense and related amounts accrued at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 was $2 million in both years.
With few exceptions, the Company is no longer subject to U.S. federal tax examinations for years before 2014, or state, local or non-U.S. income tax examinations for years before 2003, although U.S. net operating losses carried forward into open tax years technically remain open to adjustment. Although it is not possible to predict the timing of the resolution of all ongoing tax audits with accuracy, it is reasonably possible that certain tax proceedings in the U.S., Europe, Asia and Mexico could conclude within the next twelve months and result in a significant increase or decrease in the balance of gross unrecognized tax benefits. Given the number of years, jurisdictions and positions subject to examination, the Company is unable to estimate the full range of possible adjustments to the balance of unrecognized tax benefits. The long-term portion of uncertain income tax positions (including interest) in the amount of $5 million is included in "Other non-current liabilities" on the consolidated balance sheet, while $3 million is reflected as a reduction of a deferred tax asset related to a net operating loss included in Other-non current assets on the consolidated balance sheet.
During 2012, Brazil tax authorities issued tax assessment notices to Visteon Sistemas Automotivos (“Sistemas”) related to the sale of its chassis business to a third party, which required a deposit in the amount of $15 million during 2013 necessary to open a judicial proceeding against the government in order to suspend the debt and allow Sistemas to operate regularly before the tax authorities after attempts to reopen an appeal of the administrative decision failed. Adjusted for currency impacts and accrued interest, the deposit amount is $11 million as of March 31, 2020. The Company believes that the risk of a negative outcome is remote once the matter is fully litigated at the highest judicial level. These appeal payments, as well as income tax refund claims associated with other jurisdictions, total $14 million as of March 31, 2020, and are included in "Other non-current assets" on the consolidated balance sheets.

17




NOTE 14. Stockholders’ Equity and Non-controlling Interests
Share Repurchase Program
During 2019, the Company purchased a total of 322,120 shares of Visteon common stock at an average price of $62.06 for an aggregate purchase amount of $20 million pursuant to various programs with third-party financial institutions.

During the three months ended March 31, 2020, the Company purchased a total of 233,769 shares of Visteon common stock at an average price of $67.87 for an aggregate purchase amount of $16 million pursuant to an agreement with a third-party financial institution.

As of March 31, 2020, $364 million is available for additional share repurchases under the Board of Directors authorization which expires on December 31, 2020. The Company currently does not intend to repurchase additional shares.
 
Non-Controlling Interests

The Company's non-controlling interests are as follows:
 March 31 December 31
(In millions)2020 2019
Yanfeng Visteon Automotive Electronics Co., Ltd.$48
 $56
Shanghai Visteon Automotive Electronics, Co., Ltd.41
 41
Changchun Visteon FAWAY Electronics, Co., Ltd.17
 17
Other1
 1
 $107
 $115



18




Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

Changes in Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) (“AOCI”) and reclassifications out of AOCI by component include:
 Three Months Ended March 31
(In millions)2020 2019
Changes in AOCI:   
Beginning balance$(267) $(216)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassification, net of tax(37) 5
Amounts reclassified from AOCI
 (1)
Ending balance$(304) $(212)
Changes in AOCI by Component:
Foreign currency translation adjustments   
  Beginning balance$(153) $(142)
Other comprehensive loss before reclassification, net of tax (a)(38) 
  Ending balance(191) (142)
Net investment hedge   
  Beginning balance4
 (5)
  Other comprehensive income before reclassification, net of tax (a)9
 7
  Amounts reclassified from AOCI(1) (1)
  Ending balance12
 1
Benefit plans   
  Beginning balance(114) (71)
  Other comprehensive income before reclassification, net of tax (b)1
 
  Amounts reclassified from AOCI1
 
  Ending balance(112) (71)
Unrealized hedging gain (loss)   
  Beginning balance(4) 2
  Other comprehensive loss before reclassification, net of tax (c)(9) (2)
  Ending balance(13) 
Total AOCI$(304) $(212)
(a) There were no income tax effects for either period due to the valuation allowance.
(b) Net tax expense was less than $1 million related to benefit plans for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.
(c) There were no income tax effects related to unrealized hedging gain (loss) for either period due to the valuation allowance.

NOTE 15. Fair Value Measurements and Financial Instruments
Fair Value Measurements
The Company uses a three-level fair value hierarchy that categorizes assets and liabilities measured at fair value based on the observability of the inputs utilized in the valuation. The fair value hierarchy gives the highest priority to the quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities and lowest priority to unobservable inputs.
Level 1 – Financial assets and liabilities whose values are based on unadjusted quoted market prices for identical assets and liabilities in an active market that the Company has the ability to access.
Level 2 – Financial assets and liabilities whose values are based on quoted prices in markets that are not active or model inputs that are observable for substantially the full term of the asset or liability.
Level 3 – Financial assets and liabilities whose values are based on prices or valuation techniques that require inputs that are both unobservable and significant to the overall fair value measurement.

19




Items Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis
The Company is exposed to various market risks including, but not limited to, changes in currency exchange rates arising from the sale of products in countries other than the manufacturing source, foreign currency denominated supplier payments, debt, dividends and investments in subsidiaries. The Company manages these risks, in part, through the use of derivative financial instruments. The maximum length of time over which the Company hedges the variability in the future cash flows related to transactions, excluding those transactions as related to the payment of variable interest on existing debt, is eighteen months. The maximum length of time over which the Company hedges forecasted transactions related to variable interest payments is the term of the underlying debt.
Hedge instruments are measured at fair value on a recurring basis under an income approach using industry-standard models that consider various assumptions, including time value, volatility factors, current market and contractual prices for the underlying and non-performance risk. Substantially all of these assumptions are observable in the marketplace throughout the full term of the instrument or may derived from observable data. Accordingly, the Company's currency instruments are classified as Level 2, "Other Observable Inputs" in the fair value hierarchy.
The Company presents its derivative positions and any related material collateral under master netting arrangements that provide for the net settlement of contracts, by counterparty, in the event of default or termination. Derivative financial instruments are included in the Company’s consolidated balance sheets. There is no cash collateral on any of these derivatives.
Currency Exchange Rate Instruments: The Company primarily uses forward contracts denominated in Euro, Japanese Yen, Thai Baht and Mexican Peso intended to mitigate the variability of cash flows denominated in currency other than the hedging entity's functional currency.
As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Company had foreign currency derivative instruments with aggregate notional value of $38 million and $8 million, respectively. At March 31, 2020, approximately $15 million of the hedge instruments have been designated as cash flow hedges. Accordingly, the total change in fair value of these transactions are recognized in other comprehensive income, a component of shareholders' equity. Upon settlement of the transactions, the accumulated gains and losses are reclassified to income in the same periods during which the hedged cash flows impact earnings. The fair value of these derivatives is a liability of $1 million and a liability of less than $1 million, as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively. The difference between the gross and net value of these derivatives after offset by counter party is not material. As of March 31, 2020, a loss of $2 million is expected to be reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income into earnings within the next 12 months related to these designated hedges.
Cross Currency Swaps: The Company has executed cross-currency swap transactions intended to mitigate the variability of the U.S. dollar value of its investment in certain of its non-U.S. entities. These transactions are designated as net investment hedges and the Company has elected to assess hedge effectiveness under the spot method. Accordingly, periodic changes in the fair value of the derivative instruments attributable to factor other than spot exchange rate variability are excluded from the measure of hedge ineffectiveness and reported directly in earnings each reporting period.
As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Company had cross currency swaps with an aggregate notional value of $250 million. The aggregate fair value of these derivatives is a non-current asset of $2 million as of March 31, 2020 and a non-current liability of $6 million as of December 31, 2019. As of March 31, 2020, a gain of $7 million is expected to be reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income into earnings within the next 12 months.
Interest Rate Swaps: The Company utilizes interest rate swap instruments to manage its exposure and to mitigate the impact of interest rate variability. The instruments are designated as cash flow hedges, accordingly, the effective portion of the periodic changes in fair value is recognized in accumulated other comprehensive income, a component of shareholders' equity. Subsequently, the accumulated gains and losses recorded in equity are reclassified to income in the period during which the hedged cash flow impacts earnings.
As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Company had an aggregate notional value of interest rate swap transactions of $250 million. The aggregate fair value of these derivative transactions is a non-current liabilities of $13 million and $7 million as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively. As of March 31, 2020, a loss of $6 million is expected to be reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income into earnings within the next 12 months.

20




Financial Statement Presentation
Gains and losses on derivative financial instruments for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 are as follows:
 Recorded Income (Loss) into AOCI, net of tax Reclassified from AOCI into Income (Loss) Recorded in Income (Loss)
(In millions)2020 2019 2020 2019 2020 2019
Three months ended March 31,           
Foreign currency risk - Cost of sales:           
Cash flow hedges$(2) $
 $
 $
 $
 $
Non-designated cash flow hedges
 
 
 
 
 1
Interest rate risk - Interest expense, net:           
Interest rate swap(7) (2) 
 
 
 
Net investment hedges9
 7
 1
 1
 
 
 $
 $5
 $1
 $1
 $
 $1

Items Not Carried at Fair Value
The Company's fair value of debt was $730 million and $390 million as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively. Fair value estimates were based on the current rates offered to the Company for debt of the same remaining maturities. Accordingly, the Company's debt fair value disclosures are classified as Level 2, "Other Observable Inputs" in the fair value hierarchy.
Investments
In 2018, the Company committed to make a $15 million investment in two entities principally focused on the automotive sector pursuant to limited partnership agreements. As a limited partner in each entity, the Company will periodically make capital contributions toward this total commitment amount. As of March 31, 2020, the Company has contributed a total of $3 million toward the aggregate investment commitments. The Company does not have significant influence in either partnership. These investments are carried at cost and evaluated for impairment on an annual basis.

Concentrations of Credit Risk
Financial instruments including cash equivalents, derivative contracts, and accounts receivable, expose the Company to counter-party credit risk for non-performance. The Company’s counterparties for cash equivalents and derivative contracts are banks and financial institutions that meet the Company’s credit rating requirements. The Company’s counterparties for derivative contracts are substantial investment and commercial banks with significant experience using such derivatives. The Company manages its credit risk pursuant to written policies that specify minimum counterparty credit profile and by limiting the concentration of credit exposure amongst its multiple counterparties.
The Company's credit risk with any single customer does not exceed ten percent of total accounts receivable except for Ford and its affiliates which represent 19% and 22%, and Renault/Nissan which represents 6% and 13%, of the balance as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively.
NOTE 16. Discontinued Operations
The Company completed the sale of the majority of its global Climate business (the "Climate Transaction") during 2015 and completed the divestiture of its global Interiors Divestiture during 2016. These transactions met the conditions required to qualify for discontinued operations reporting and accordingly the settlement of retained contingencies have been classified in income from discontinued operations, net of tax, in the consolidated statements of comprehensive income for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.

21




Discontinued operations are summarized as follows:
 Three Months Ended March 31
(In millions)2020 2019
Cost of sales$
 $(1)
Restructuring, net
 1
Income from discontinued operations, net of tax$
 $

NOTE 17. Commitments and Contingencies
Litigation and Claims
In 2003, the Local Development Finance Authority of the Charter Township of Van Buren, Michigan issued approximately $28 million in bonds finally maturing in 2032, the proceeds of which were used at least in part to assist in the development of the Company’s U.S. headquarters located in the Township. During January 2010, the Company and the Township entered into a settlement agreement (the “Settlement Agreement”) that, among other things, reduced the taxable value of the headquarters property to current market value. The Settlement Agreement also provided that the Company would negotiate in good faith with the Township, pursuant to the terms of the Settlement Agreement, in the event that property tax payments were inadequate to permit the Township to meet its payment obligations with respect to the bonds. In October 2019, the Township notified the Company that the Township had incurred a shortfall under the bonds of less than $1 million and requested that the Company meet to discuss payment. The parties met in November 2019 but no agreement was reached. On December 9, 2019, the Township commenced litigation against the Company in Michigan’s Wayne County Circuit Court claiming damages of $28 million related to what the Township alleges to be the current shortfall and projected future shortfalls under the bonds. The Company disputes the factual and legal assertions made by the Township and intends to defend the matter vigorously. The Company is not able to estimate the possible loss or range of loss in connection with this matter.
In November 2013, the Company and Halla Visteon Climate Control Corporation (“HVCC”), jointly filed an Initial Notice of Voluntary Self-Disclosure statement with the U.S. Treasury Department’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (“OFAC”) regarding certain sales of automotive HVAC components by a minority-owned, Chinese joint venture of HVCC into Iran. The Company updated that notice in December 2013, and subsequently filed a voluntary self-disclosure regarding these sales with OFAC in March 2014. In May 2014, the Company voluntarily filed a supplementary self-disclosure identifying additional sales of automotive HVAC components by the Chinese joint venture, as well as similar sales involving an HVCC subsidiary in China, totaling $12 million, and filed a final voluntary-self disclosure with OFAC on October 17, 2014. OFAC is currently reviewing the results of the Company’s investigation. Following that review, OFAC may conclude that the disclosed sales resulted in violations of U.S. economic sanctions laws and warrant the imposition of civil penalties, such as fines, limitations on the Company's ability to export products from the United States, and/or referral for further investigation by the U.S. Department of Justice. Any such fines or restrictions may be material to the Company’s financial results in the period in which they are imposed, but is not able to estimate the possible loss or range of loss in connection with this matter. Additionally, disclosure of this conduct and any fines or other action relating to this conduct could harm the Company’s reputation and have a material adverse effect on its business, operating results and financial condition. The Company cannot predict when OFAC will conclude its own review of voluntary self-disclosures or whether it may impose any of the potential penalties described above.
The Company's operations in Brazil are subject to highly complex labor, tax, customs and other laws. While the Company believes that it is in compliance with such laws, it is periodically engaged in litigation regarding the application of these laws. The Company maintained accruals of $8 million for claims aggregating $59 million in Brazil as of March 31, 2020. The amounts accrued represent claims that are deemed probable of loss and are reasonably estimable based on the Company's assessment of the claims and prior experience with similar matters.
While the Company believes its accruals for litigation and claims are adequate, the final amounts required to resolve such matters could differ materially from recorded estimates and the Company's results of operations and cash flows could be materially affected.
Guarantees and Commitments
As part of the agreements of the Climate Transaction and Interiors Divestiture, the Company continues to provide lease guarantees to divested Climate and Interiors entities. As of March 31, 2020, the Company has $5 million and $1 million of outstanding guarantees, related to the divested Climate and Interiors entities, respectively. The guarantees represent the maximum potential amount that the Company could be required to make under the guarantees in the event of default by the guaranteed parties. The

22




guarantees will generally cease upon expiration of current lease agreement which expire in 2026 and 2021 for the Climate and Interiors entities, respectively.
Product Warranty and Recall
Amounts accrued for product warranty and recall claims are based on management’s best estimates of the amounts that will ultimately be required to settle such items. The Company’s estimates for product warranty and recall obligations are developed with support from its sales, engineering, quality and legal functions and include due consideration of contractual arrangements, past experience, current claims and related information, production changes, industry and regulatory developments and various other considerations. The Company can provide no assurances that it will not experience material claims in the future or that it will not incur significant costs to defend or settle such claims beyond the amounts accrued or beyond what the Company may recover from its suppliers. Specific cause actions represent customer actions related to defective supplier parts and related software.
The following table provides a reconciliation of changes in the product warranty and recall claims liability:
 Three Months Ended March 31
(In millions)2020 2019
Beginning balance$49
 $48
Accruals for products shipped4
 5
Changes in estimates
 1
Specific cause actions1
 2
Settlements(5) (5)
Ending balance$49
 $51


Other Contingent Matters

Various legal actions, governmental investigations and proceedings and claims are pending or may be instituted or asserted in the future against the Company, including those arising out of alleged defects in the Company’s products; governmental regulations relating to safety; employment-related matters; customer, supplier and other contractual relationships; intellectual property rights; product warranties; product recalls; and environmental matters. Some of the foregoing matters may involve compensatory, punitive or antitrust or other treble damage claims in very large amounts, or demands for recall campaigns, environmental remediation programs, sanctions, or other relief which, if granted, would require very large expenditures. The Company enters into agreements that contain indemnification provisions in the normal course of business for which the risks are considered nominal and impracticable to estimate.

Contingencies are subject to many uncertainties, and the outcome of individual litigated matters is not predictable with assurance. Reserves have been established by the Company for matters discussed in the immediately foregoing paragraph where losses are deemed probable and reasonably estimable. It is possible, however, that some of the matters discussed in the foregoing paragraph could be decided unfavorably to the Company and could require the Company to pay damages or make other expenditures in amounts, or a range of amounts, that cannot be estimated as of March 31, 2020 and that are in excess of established reserves. The Company does not reasonably expect, except as otherwise described herein, based on its analysis, that any adverse outcome from such matters would have a material effect on the Company’s financial condition, results of operations or cash flows, although such an outcome is possible.

23




Item 2.Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Management’s Discussion and Analysis (“MD&A”) is intended to help the reader understand the results of operations, financial condition and cash flows of Visteon Corporation (“Visteon” or the “Company”). MD&A is provided as a supplement to, and should be read in conjunction with, the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on February 20, 2020, and the financial statements and accompanying notes to the financial statements included elsewhere herein.
Executive Summary
Strategic Priorities
Visteon is a global automotive supplier that designs, engineers and manufactures innovative cockpit electronics and connected car solutions for the world’s major vehicle manufacturers. The cockpit electronics market is expected to grow faster than underlying vehicle production volumes as the cockpit shifts from analog to digital and towards device and cloud connectivity, electric vehicles and more advanced safety features.
The Company has laid out the following strategic priorities:
Technology Innovation - The Company is an established global leader in cockpit electronics and is positioned to provide solutions as the industry transitions to the next generation automotive cockpit experience. The cockpit is becoming fully digital, connected, automated, learning, and voice enabled. Visteon's broad portfolio of cockpit electronics technology and the development of the DriveCore™ advanced safety platform positions Visteon to support these macro trends in automotive.
Long-Term Growth and Margin Expansion - The Company has continued to win an elevated level of business by demonstrating product quality, technical and development capability, new product innovation, reliability, timeliness, product design, manufacturing capability and flexibility, as well as overall customer service.
Enhance Shareholder Returns - The Company has returned approximately $3.3 billion to shareholders since 2015 through a combination of ongoing share repurchases and a onetime $1.75 billion special distribution in 2016.
COVID-19 Response

COVID-19 negatively impacted the Company in the latter portion of the first quarter. The Company expects the impact, which may be materially adverse, to continue through the second quarter and potentially in subsequent periods. In response, the Company has taken decisive actions to preserve liquidity, manage costs and enhance employee safety. These actions include the following:

Enhanced liquidity and cash position by drawing down the full $400 million available under its revolving credit facility. Visteon has no significant near-term debt maturities.
Temporarily suspended, or significantly reduced, production at manufacturing facilities outside of China. During the three months ending March 31, 2020, the Company announced restructuring programs to rationalize the Company's global footprint, lower its cost base, and improve financial performance and cash flow generation.
Ramped up production in China during March and expecting to reach pre-COVID-19 levels during the second quarter.
Implemented temporary global compensation reductions of 40% for the CEO, 30% for the Company's executive committee, and 30% of the cash compensation for the Company's non-employee directors. Subject to local laws and regulations, all other employee salaries will be reduced by 20%.
Implemented comprehensive safety protocols to protect the health and safety of employees as operations resume.
Providing up to 50,000 protective face shield donations by using production lines at its state-of-the-art Palmela manufacturing facility in Portugal, typically dedicated to automotive cockpit electronics.

24




Financial Results

The pie charts below highlight the net sales breakdown for Visteon's Electronics segment for the three months ended March 31, 2020.
a2020q1a02.jpg

*Regional net sales are based on the geographic region where sale originates and not where customer is located (excludes inter-regional eliminations ).

Global Automotive Market Conditions and Production Levels

First quarter 2020 global light vehicle production decreased 23% over the same period last year.
Light vehicle production levels for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 by geographic region are provided below:
(Units in millions)Three Months Ended March 31
 2020
2019
Change
China3.2
 6.0
 (46.1)%
Other Asia Pacific4.9
 5.7
 (13.1)%
Europe4.6
 5.7
 (18.9)%
Americas4.5
 5.0
 (11.3)%
Other0.4
 0.5
 (21.7)%
Global17.6
 22.9
 (23.0)%
Source: IHS Automotive, April 2020
During February 2020 OEM production facilities in China were either closed or production significantly reduced as a result of COVID-19. As the virus continued to spread globally, production facilities in Europe, the Americas, and other counties in Asia began to either close or significantly reduce production during the month of March.
Industry production levels in 2020 are expected to be materially impacted as a result of continued OEM plant shutdowns and the reduction of shifts at OEM plants that have reopened, and based on current data from our customers we expect the impact to be the most significant in the second quarter. The magnitude of the impact on the Company's financial statements will depend on the spread of COVID-19, plant production schedules, significant disruption in the supply chain and consumer demand.
Significant results for the three-month period ended March 31, 2020 include the following:
The Company recorded net sales of $643 million, representing a decrease of $94 million when compared with the same period of 2019.
Gross margin was $53 million or 8.2% of net sales for the three month period ended March 31, 2020, compared to $66 million or 9.0% of net sales for the same period of 2019.
Net loss attributable to Visteon was $35 million for the three month period ended March 31, 2020, compared to net income of $14 million for the same period of 2019.
As of March 31, 2020, total cash was $825 million, inclusive of $400 million of cash drawn under the Company's revolving facility, representing a $356 million increase as compared to $469 million as of December 31, 2019.

25




Results of Operations - Three Months Ended March 31, 2020 and 2019
The Company's consolidated results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 were as follows:
 Three Months Ended March 31
(In millions)2020 2019 Change
Net Sales$643
 $737
 $(94)
Cost of sales(590) (671) 81
Gross margin53
 66
 (13)
Selling, general and administrative expenses(54) (57) 3
Restructuring expense, net(33) (1) (32)
Interest expense, net(2) (2) 
Equity in net income of non-consolidated affiliates1
 3
 (2)
Other income, net4
 2
 2
Provision for income taxes(5) 5
 (10)
Net income (loss)(36) 16
 (52)
Net (income) loss attributable to non-controlling interests1
 (2) 3
Net income (loss) attributable to Visteon Corporation$(35) $14
 $(49)
Adjusted EBITDA*$33
 $41
 $(8)
* Adjusted EBITDA is a Non-GAAP financial measure, as further discussed below.
Net Sales, Cost of Sales and Gross Margin
(In millions)Net Sales Cost of Sales
Three months ended March 31, 2019$737
 $(671)
Volume, mix, and net new business(71) 36
Currency(9) 5
Customer pricing, net(15) 
Engineering costs, net *
 11
Cost performance, design changes and other1
 29
Three months ended March 31, 2020$643
 $(590)
*Excludes the impact of currency.   
Net sales for the three months ended March 31, 2020 totaled $643 million, which represents a decrease of $94 million compared with the same period of 2019. Lower volumes, primarily due to the impacts of COVID-19, partially offset by net new business, decreased net sales by $71 million. COVID-19 adversely impacted net sales beginning in February as production activity at OEM facilities in China was significantly reduced.  In all other regions, production activity at OEM facilities began to be impacted throughout the month of March as the virus began to spread. Unfavorable currency decreased net sales by $9 million, primarily attributable to the Euro, Brazilian Real and Chinese Renminbi. Customer pricing, net, decreased net sales by $15 million. Cost performance, design changes and other revenue claims increased net sales by $1 million.
Cost of sales decreased by $81 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 compared with the same period in 2019. Lower volumes, primarily due to the impacts of COVID-19 and unfavorable product mix, decreased cost of sales by $36 million. Foreign currency decreased cost of sales by $5 million, primarily attributable to the Euro and Chinese Renminbi. Net engineering costs, excluding currency, decreased cost of sales $11 million. Favorable cost performance, including material, design and usage economics, lower manufacturing costs, and the non-recurrence of prior year operational challenges, decreased cost of sales by $29 million.

26




A summary of net engineering costs is shown below:
 Three Months Ended March 31
(In millions)2020 2019
Gross engineering costs$(100) $(108)
Engineering recoveries27
 23
Engineering costs, net$(73) $(85)

Gross engineering costs relate to forward model program development and advanced engineering activities and exclude contractually reimbursable engineering costs. Net engineering costs of $73 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020, including the impacts of currency, were $12 million lower than the same period of 2019, primarily related to the benefits of previously announced restructuring actions and the timing of program expenses and recoveries.

 Three Months Ended March 31
(In millions)2020 2019
   % of Net Sales   % of Net Sales
Net Sales$643
   $737
  
Cost of sales, excluding engineering costs(517) 80.4% (586) 79.5%
Engineering costs, net(73) 11.4% (85) 11.5%
Gross margin$53
 8.2% $66
 9.0%

The Company's gross margin was $53 million or 8.2% of sales for the three months ended March 31, 2020 compared to $66 million or 9.0% of sales for the same period of 2019. Unfavorable volumes, primarily due to the impacts of COVID-19, and product mix decreased gross margin by $35 million. Unfavorable currency of $4 million was primarily attributable to the Brazilian Real. Lower net engineering costs excluding currency, increased gross margin by $11 million. Favorable cost performance of $30 million, including material, design and usage economics, lower manufacturing costs, and the non-recurrence of prior year operational challenges more than offset annual customer pricing of $15 million.
Selling, General and Administrative Expenses

Selling, general, and administrative expenses were $54 million or 8.4% and $57 million or 7.7% of net sales, during the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. The decrease is primarily related to lower incentive compensation costs.
Restructuring Expense, Net
During January 2020, the Company approved a restructuring program primarily impacting European engineering and administrative functions to improve the Company’s efficiency and rationalize its footprint. During the three months ended March 31, 2020, the Company recorded $21 million of employee severance, retention and termination costs and expects to incur up to $24 million under this program. The total expected costs include employee severance, retention and termination costs.

During March 2020, the Company approved a global restructuring program impacting engineering, administrative and manufacturing facilities to improve efficiency and further rationalize the Company’s footprint. During the three months ended March 31, 2020, the Company recorded $11 million of employee severance, retention and termination costs and expects to incur up to $15 million under this program.

Additionally, during 2020 the Company recorded and paid $1 million related to restructuring expenses at two North American manufacturing facilities.

During the first quarter of 2019, the Company approved a restructuring program impacting two European manufacturing facilities due to the end of life of certain product lines. During the three months ended March 31, 2019, the Company recorded $2 million of restructuring expenses related to this program.

Interest Expense, Net
Interest expense, net, of $2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 was consistent with the same period of 2019.

27




Equity in Net Income of Non-Consolidated Affiliates
Equity in net income of non-consolidated affiliates was $1 million and $3 million for the three month periods ending March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. The decrease in income is primarily attributable to due to decreased engineering services revenue at the Company's equity interest in Yanfeng Visteon Investment Company partially offset by increased net sales volume at the Company's equity interest in PT Astra Visteon Indonesia.
Other Income, Net
Other income, net of $4 million and $2 million for the three month periods ending March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively is due to net pension financing benefits.

Income Taxes
The Company's provision for income taxes of $5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020, represents an increase of $10 million, when compared to a benefit from income taxes of $5 million in the same period of 2019. The increase in tax expense is primarily attributable to the non-recurrence of a $12 million discrete income tax benefit recognized during the three months ended March 31, 2019 related to favorable valuation allowance adjustments in connection with the realization of deferred tax assets in Germany. This year-over-year increase was partially offset by enacted tax law changes in India that resulted in the reduction of deferred tax liabilities associated with non-U.S. earnings in India that are not considered permanently reinvested, and changes in the mix of earnings and differing tax rates between jurisdictions which reflects the overall decrease in year-over-year earnings in jurisdictions where the Company is profitable.
Net Income (Loss)
Net loss attributable to Visteon was $35 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020, compared to net income of $14 million for the same period of 2019. The decrease of $49 million is primarily attributable to higher restructuring expense of $32 million, lower gross margin of $13 million, and higher provision for income taxes of $10 million.
Adjusted EBITDA
Adjusted EBITDA (a non-GAAP financial measure, as defined in Note 3, "Segment Information") was $33 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020, representing a decrease of $8 million when compared to adjusted EBITDA of $41 million for the same period of 2019. Unfavorable volumes, primarily due to the impacts of COVID-19 and unfavorable product mix reduced adjusted EBITDA by $35 million. Unfavorable currency of $3 million was primarily attributable to the Brazilian Real. Lower net engineering costs, excluding currency, increased adjusted EBITDA by $11 million. Favorable cost performance of $34 million, including material, design and usage economics, lower manufacturing costs, lower selling, general, and administrative expenses, higher net pension financing benefits and the non-recurrence of prior year operational challenges, more than offset annual customer pricing of $15 million.
The reconciliation of net income attributable to Visteon to adjusted EBITDA for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, is as follows:
 Three Months Ended March 31
(In millions)2020 2019 Change
Net income (loss) attributable to Visteon Corporation$(35) $14
 $(49)
  Depreciation and amortization25
 25
 
  Provision (benefit) for income taxes5
 (5) 10
  Non-cash, stock-based compensation expense5
 5
 
  Interest expense, net2
 2
 
  Net income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interests(1) 2
 (3)
  Restructuring expense, net33
 1
 32
  Equity in net income of non-consolidated affiliates(1) (3) 2
Adjusted EBITDA$33
 $41
 $(8)

28




Liquidity
The Company's primary sources of liquidity are cash flows from operations, existing cash balances and borrowings under available credit facilities. As we confront the many challenges caused by the impact of COVID-19, including governmental actions to mitigate the pandemic, the Company believes that funds generated from these sources will continue to sufficiently sustain ongoing operations and support investment in differentiating technologies. The Company will continue to closely monitor and preserve its available liquidity and maintain access to additional liquidity to weather these challenging conditions. The Company's intra-year needs are normally impacted by seasonal effects in the industry, such as mid-year shutdowns, the ramp-up of new model production, and year-end shutdowns at key customers. The COVID-19 pandemic may significantly exacerbate the intra-year requirements.
A substantial portion of the Company's cash flows from operations are generated by operations located outside of the United States. Accordingly, the Company utilizes a combination of cash repatriation strategies, including dividends and distributions, royalties, and intercompany arrangements to provide the funds necessary to meet obligations globally. The Company’s ability to access funds from its subsidiaries is subject to, among other things, customary regulatory and statutory requirements and contractual arrangements including joint venture agreements and local credit facilities. Moreover, repatriation efforts may be modified by the Company according to prevailing circumstances.
As of March 31, 2020, the Company has term loan aggregate principal debt of $350 million outstanding. Additionally, on March 19, 2020, the Company borrowed, in full, the $400 million in revolving loans available under the Revolving Credit Facility.

Access to additional capital through the debt or equity markets is influenced by the Company's credit ratings. As of March 31, 2020, the Company’s corporate credit rating is Ba3 and BB- by Moody’s and Standard & Poor’s, respectively. See Note 10, "Debt" for a more comprehensive discussion of the Company's debt facilities. Incremental funding requirements of the Company's consolidated foreign entities are primarily accommodated by intercompany cash pooling structures. Affiliate working capital lines, which are utilized by the Company's consolidated joint ventures, had availability of $117 million as of March 31, 2020.
Cash Balances
As of March 31, 2020, the Company had total cash of $825 million, including $3 million of restricted cash. Cash balances totaling $331 million were located in jurisdictions outside of the United States, of which $135 million is considered permanently reinvested for funding ongoing operations outside of the U.S. If such permanently reinvested funds were repatriated to the U.S., no U.S. federal taxes would be imposed on the distribution of such foreign earnings due to U.S. tax reform enacted in December 2017, however, the Company would be required to accrue additional tax expense, primarily related to foreign withholding taxes.
Other Items Affecting Liquidity
As of March 31, 2020, the Company has $364 million available for additional share repurchases under the Board of Directors authorization which expires on December 31, 2020. The Company currently does not intend to repurchase additional shares.

Required 2020 contributions to the Company's defined benefit plans are approximately $20 million. The Company is currently evaluating opportunities to defer some or all of its 2020 contributions pursuant to relief measures offered by the U.S. and U.K. governments in light of COVID-19.

During the three months ended March 31, 2020, the Company paid $5 million related to restructuring activities. Additional discussion regarding the Company's restructuring activities is provided in Note 5, "Restructuring Activities."

The Company committed to make a $15 million investment in two entities principally focused on the automotive sector pursuant to limited partnership agreements. As of March 31, 2020, the Company contributed $3 million toward the aggregate investment commitments. As a limited partner in each entity, the Company will periodically make capital contributions toward this total commitment amount.

29




Cash Flows
Operating Activities
The Company generated $25 million of cash from operating activities during the three months ended March 31, 2020, representing a $21 million improvement as compared to cash generated by operations of $4 million during the same period of 2019. The increase in operating cash flows is primarily due to an increase of cash provided by trade working capital of $43 million. The increase in trade working capital is partially offset by lower adjusted EBITDA (a non-GAAP financial measure, as defined in Note 3, "Segment Information") of $8 million and $8 million higher incentive compensation payments, based on 2019 financial performance.
Investing Activities
Cash used by investing activities during the three months ended March 31, 2020 totaled $41 million, as compared to net cash used by investing activities of $34 million for the same period in 2019. Net cash used by investing activities during the three months ended March 31, 2020 included capital expenditures of $44 million to support new business, partially offset by non-consolidated affiliate loan repayments.
Cash used by investing activities during the three months ended March 31, 2019 totaled $34 million, including capital expenditures of $37 million which was partially offset by proceeds from non-consolidated affiliate loan repayments.
Financing Activities
Cash generated by financing activities during the three months ended March 31, 2020 totaled $377 million, as compared to a use of cash of $2 million during the same period in 2019, representing an increase of cash provided by financing activities of $379 million. The increase is primarily attributable to the Company's $400 million borrowings under its corporate revolving loan facility, which is partially offset by $16 million for share repurchases.
Debt and Capital Structure
See Note 10, “Debt” to the consolidated financial statements included in Item 1.
Significant Accounting Policies and Critical Accounting Estimates
See Note 1, “Summary of Significant Accounting Policies” to the accompanying consolidated financial statements in Item 1.
Fair Value Measurements
See Note 15, “Fair Value Measurements and Financial Instruments” to the consolidated financial statements included in Item 1.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
See Note 1, “Summary of Significant Accounting Policies” to the accompanying consolidated financial statements in Item 1.
Forward-Looking Statements
Certain statements contained or incorporated in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q which are not statements of historical fact constitute “Forward-Looking Statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 (the “Reform Act”). Forward-looking statements give current expectations or forecasts of future events. Words such as “anticipate”, “expect”, “intend”, “plan”, “believe”, “seek”, “estimate” and other words and terms of similar meaning in connection with discussions of future operating or financial performance signify forward-looking statements. These statements reflect the Company’s current views with respect to future events and are based on assumptions and estimates, which are subject to risks and uncertainties. Accordingly, undue reliance should not be placed on these forward-looking statements. Also, these forward-looking statements represent the Company’s estimates and assumptions only as of the date of this report. The Company does not intend to update any of these forward-looking statements to reflect circumstances or events that occur after the statement is made and qualifies all of its forward-looking statements by these cautionary statements.

30




You should understand that various factors, in addition to those discussed elsewhere in this document, could affect the Company’s future results and could cause results to differ materially from those expressed in such forward-looking statements, including:
Continued and future impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on our financial condition and business operations including global supply chain disruptions, market downturns, reduced consumer demand, and new government actions or restrictions.
Visteon’s ability to satisfy its future capital and liquidity requirements; Visteon’s ability to access the credit and capital markets at the times and in the amounts needed and on terms acceptable to Visteon; Visteon’s ability to comply with covenants applicable to it; and the continuation of acceptable supplier payment terms.
Visteon’s ability to satisfy its pension and other postretirement employee benefit obligations, and to retire outstanding debt and satisfy other contractual commitments, all at the levels and times planned by management.
Visteon’s ability to access funds generated by its foreign subsidiaries and joint ventures on a timely and cost-effective basis.
Changes in the operations (including products, product planning and part sourcing), financial condition, results of operations or market share of Visteon’s customers.
Changes in vehicle production volume of Visteon’s customers in the markets where it operates.
Increases in commodity costs or disruptions in the supply of commodities, including resins, copper, fuel and natural gas.
Visteon’s ability to generate cost savings to offset or exceed agreed-upon price reductions or price reductions to win additional business and, in general, improve its operating performance; to achieve the benefits of its restructuring actions; and to recover engineering and tooling costs and capital investments.
Visteon’s ability to compete favorably with automotive parts suppliers with lower cost structures and greater ability to rationalize operations; and to exit non-performing businesses on satisfactory terms, particularly due to limited flexibility under existing labor agreements.
Restrictions in labor contracts with unions that restrict Visteon’s ability to close plants, divest unprofitable, noncompetitive businesses, change local work rules and practices at a number of facilities and implement cost-saving measures.
The costs and timing of facility closures or dispositions, business or product realignments, or similar restructuring actions, including potential asset impairment or other charges related to the implementation of these actions or other adverse industry conditions and contingent liabilities.
Significant changes in the competitive environment in the major markets where Visteon procures materials, components or supplies or where its products are manufactured, distributed or sold.
Legal and administrative proceedings, investigations and claims, including shareholder class actions, inquiries by regulatory agencies, product liability, warranty, employee-related, environmental and safety claims and any recalls of products manufactured or sold by Visteon.
Changes in economic conditions, currency exchange rates, changes in foreign laws, regulations or trade policies or political stability in foreign countries where Visteon procures materials, components or supplies or where its products are manufactured, distributed or sold.
Shortages of materials or interruptions in transportation systems, labor strikes, work stoppages or other interruptions to or difficulties in the employment of labor in the major markets where Visteon purchases materials, components or supplies to manufacture its products or where its products are manufactured, distributed or sold.
Changes in laws, regulations, policies or other activities of governments, agencies and similar organizations, domestic and foreign, that may tax or otherwise increase the cost of, or otherwise affect, the manufacture, licensing, distribution, sale, ownership or use of Visteon’s products or assets.
Possible terrorist attacks or acts of war, which could exacerbate other risks such as slowed vehicle production, interruptions in the transportation system or fuel prices and supply.

31




The cyclical and seasonal nature of the automotive industry.
Visteon’s ability to comply with environmental, safety and other regulations applicable to it and any increase in the requirements, responsibilities and associated expenses and expenditures of these regulations.
Visteon’s ability to protect its intellectual property rights, and to respond to changes in technology and technological risks and to claims by others that Visteon infringes their intellectual property rights.
Visteon’s ability to quickly and adequately remediate control deficiencies in its internal control over financial reporting.
Other factors, risks and uncertainties detailed from time to time in Visteon’s Securities and Exchange Commission filings.
Caution should be taken not to place undue reliance on our forward-looking statements, which represent our view only as of the date of this presentation, and which we assume no obligation to update. Backlog does not represent firm orders or firm commitments from customers, but are based on various assumptions, including the timing and duration of product launches, vehicle production levels, customer cancellations, installation rates, customer price reductions and currency exchange rates.

32




Item 3.Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
The primary market risks to which the Company is exposed include changes in currency exchange rates, interest rates and certain commodity prices. The Company manages these risks through operating actions including fixed price contracts with suppliers and cost sourcing arrangements with customers and through various derivative instruments. The Company's use of derivative instruments is strictly intended for hedging purposes to mitigate market risks pursuant to written risk management policies. Accordingly, derivative instruments are not used for speculative or trading purposes. The Company's use of derivative instruments creates exposure to credit loss in the event of non-performance by the counter-party to the derivative financial instruments. The Company limits this exposure by entering into agreements directly with a variety of major financial institutions with high credit standards and that are expected to fully satisfy their obligations under the contracts. Additionally, the Company's ability to utilize derivatives to manage market risk is dependent on credit conditions and market conditions given the current economic environment.
Foreign Currency Risk
The Company's cash flows are exposed to the risk of adverse changes in exchange rates as related to the sale of products in countries other than the manufacturing source, foreign currency denominated supplier payments, debt and other payables, dividends, investments in subsidiaries and anticipated foreign currency denominated transaction proceeds. Where possible, the Company utilizes derivative financial instruments to manage foreign currency exchange rate risks. Forward and option contracts may be utilized to mitigate the impact exchange rate variability on the Company's cash flows. Foreign currency exposures are reviewed periodically and any natural offsets are considered prior to entering into a derivative financial instrument. The Company’s current primary hedged currency exposures include the Japanese Yen, Euro, Thai Baht, and Mexican Peso. The Company utilizes a strategy of partial coverage for transactions in these currencies. The Company's policy requires that hedge transactions relate to a specific portion of the exposure not to exceed the aggregate amount of the underlying transaction.
In addition to the transactional exposure described above, the Company's operating results are impacted by the translation of its foreign operating income into U.S. dollars. The Company does not enter into currency exchange rate contracts to mitigate this exposure.
The hypothetical pre-tax gain or loss in fair value from a 10% favorable or adverse change in quoted currency exchange rates would be $32 million for currency derivative financial instruments as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019. These estimated changes assume a parallel shift in all currency exchange rates and include the gain or loss on financial instruments used to hedge investments in subsidiaries. Because exchange rates typically do not all move in the same direction, the estimate may overstate the impact of changing exchange rates on the net fair value of the Company's financial derivatives. It is also important to note that gains and losses indicated in the sensitivity analysis would generally be offset by gains and losses on the underlying exposures being hedged.
Interest Rate Risk
See Note 15, "Fair Value Measurements and Financial Instruments" to the consolidated financial statements included in Item 1 for additional information.
Commodity Risk
The Company's exposures to market risk from changes in the price of production material are managed primarily through negotiations with suppliers and customers, although there can be no assurance that the Company will recover all such costs. The Company continues to evaluate derivatives available in the marketplace and may decide to utilize derivatives in the future to manage select commodity risks if an acceptable hedging instrument is identified for the Company's exposure level at that time, as well as the effectiveness of the financial hedge among other factors.
Item 4.Controls and Procedures
Disclosure Controls and Procedures
The Company maintains disclosure controls and procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in periodic reports filed with the SEC under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to the Company’s management, including its Chief Executive Officer and Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

33




As of March 31, 2020, an evaluation was performed under the supervision and with the participation of the Company’s management, including its Chief Executive and Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of disclosure controls and procedures. Based on that evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of March 31, 2020.
Internal Control over Financial Reporting
There were no changes in the Company's internal control over financial reporting during the three months ended March 31, 2020 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company's internal control over financial reporting.



34




Part II
Other Information

Item 1.Legal Proceedings
See the information above under Note 17, "Commitments and Contingencies," to the consolidated financial statements which is incorporated herein by reference.
Item 1A.Risk Factors
The Company is supplementing the risk factors described under “Item 1A. Risk Factors” in its Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, with the additional risk factors set forth below, which supplement, and to the extent inconsistent, supersedes such risk factors.

The Company’s business, results of operations and financial condition have been, and may continue to be, adversely affected by the recent COVID-19 pandemic.

The COVID-19 pandemic poses the risk that the Company or its affiliates and joint ventures, employees, suppliers, customers and others may be restricted or prevented from conducting business activities for indefinite or intermittent periods of time, including as a result of employee health and safety concerns, shutdowns, shelter in place orders, travel restrictions and other actions and restrictions that may be requested or mandated by governmental authorities. In addition, the Company has experienced, and may continue to experience, disruptions or delays in our supply chain as a result of such actions, which is likely to result in higher supply chain costs to us in order to maintain the supply of materials and components for our products. While the Company has implemented measures to mitigate the impact on its results of operations, there can be no assurance that these measures will be successful. The Company cannot predict the degree to, or the period over, which its sales and operations will be affected by this outbreak and preventative measures, and the effects could be material.

The Company may also experience impacts from market downturns and changes in consumer behavior related to pandemic fears and impacts on its workforce as a result of COVID-19. The Company has experienced a significant decline in demand from its customers as a result of the impact of efforts to contain the spread of COVID-19. In addition, some customers may choose to delay or abandon projects on which the Company provides products and/or services in response to the adverse impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.

The extent to which the COVID-19 outbreak continues to impact the Company’s financial condition will depend on future developments that are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted, including new government actions or restrictions, new information that may emerge concerning the severity of COVID-19, the longevity of COVID-19 and the impact of COVID-19 on economic activity. Even after the COVID-19 pandemic has subsided, the Company may continue to experience adverse impacts on its business and financial performance as a result of its global economic impact, including a recession that has occurred or may occur in the future. To the extent the COVID-19 pandemic materially adversely affects the Company’s business and financial results, it may also have the effect of significantly heightening many of the other risks associated with the Company’s business, liquidity and indebtedness, including those described in its most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.

Item 2.Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
The following table summarizes information relating to purchases made by or on behalf of the Company, or an affiliated purchaser, of shares of the Company’s common stock during the first quarter of 2020. For further discussion see Note 14, "Stockholders' Equity" in Item 1.
 
Period
Total Number of Shares Purchased Average Price Paid per Share Total Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plans or Programs Approximate Dollar Value of Shares that May Yet Be Purchased Under the Plans or Programs (in millions)
Feb. 21, 2020 to Mar. 5, 2020233,769
 $67.87 233,769
 $364

35




Item 6.Exhibits
The exhibits listed on the "Exhibit Index" on Page 37 hereof are filed with this report or incorporated by reference as set forth therein.

36




Exhibit Index
Exhibit No. Description
 
 
 
 
101.INS XBRL Instance Document.**
101.SCH XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document.**
101.CAL XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document.**
101.LAB XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document.**
101.PRE XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document.**
101.DEF XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document.**
*Indicates that exhibit is a management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement.
**Pursuant to Rule 406T of Regulation S-T, the Interactive Data Files as Exhibit 101 hereto are deemed not filed or part of a registration
statement or prospectus for purposes of Sections 11 or 12 of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, are deemed not filed for purposes
of Section 18 of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and otherwise are not subject to liability under those sections.

In lieu of filing certain instruments with respect to long-term debt of the kind described in Item 601(b)(4) of Regulation S-K, Visteon agrees to furnish a copy of such instruments to the Securities and Exchange Commission upon request.
Signatures
Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, Visteon Corporation has duly caused this Report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
 VISTEON CORPORATION
   
 By:/s/ Jerome J. Rouquet
       Jerome J. Rouquet
     Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
Date: April 30, 2020


37