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SNCR Synchronoss

Filed: 10 May 21, 4:42pm

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2021
 
Or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from          to
 
Commission file number 000-52049

SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware06-1594540
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
  
200 Crossing Boulevard, 8th Floor
Bridgewater, New Jersey
08807
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)
 
(866) 620-3940
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code) 

(Former name, former address, and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes x No ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or a non-accelerated filer. See definition of “accelerated filer and large accelerated filer” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer Accelerated filerx
Non-accelerated filerSmaller Reporting Company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐ No x
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class Trading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $.0001 par value
 SNCRThe Nasdaq Stock Market, LLC
As of May 06, 2021, there were 44,150,959 shares of common stock issued and outstanding.


SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
FORM 10-Q INDEX



PART I.  FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
ITEM 1.  CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND NOTES

SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (Unaudited) (In thousands)
 March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
ASSETS
Current assets:
Cash, restricted cash and cash equivalents$29,818 $33,671 
Accounts receivable, net46,236 47,849 
Prepaid & Other Current Assets40,861 39,847 
Total Current assets116,915 121,367 
Non-Current Assets:
Property and equipment, net10,799 11,732 
Operating lease right-of-use assets31,960 34,538 
Goodwill228,537 232,771 
Intangible assets, net65,292 69,593 
Loan Receivable4,834 4,834 
Other Assets, non-current6,793 7,420 
Total Non-Current Assets348,215 360,888 
Total assets$465,130 $482,255 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable$16,907 $12,749 
Accrued expenses67,685 69,326 
Deferred revenues, current32,358 33,045 
Debt, current10,000 10,000 
Total Current liabilities126,950 125,120 
Deferred tax liabilities1,295 1,875 
Deferred revenues, non-current7,495 12,569 
Leases, non-current42,088 44,273 
Other non-current liabilities4,897 4,995 
Redeemable noncontrolling interest12,500 12,500 
Commitments and contingencies00
Series A Convertible Participating Perpetual Preferred Stock, $0.0001 par value; 10,000 shares authorized, 260 and 250 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively247,842 237,641 
Stockholders’ equity:
Common stock, $0.0001 par value; 100,000 shares authorized, 51,331 and 51,177 shares issued; 44,169 and 44,015 outstanding at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively
Treasury stock, at cost (7,162 and 7,162 shares at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively)(82,087)(82,087)
Additional paid-in capital491,295 499,348 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(29,349)(28,213)
Accumulated deficit(357,801)(345,771)
Total stockholders’ equity22,063 43,282 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$465,130 $482,255 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
3

SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Unaudited)
(In thousands, except per share data)
Three Months Ended March 31,
20212020
Net revenues$65,499 $77,122 
Costs and expenses:
Cost of revenues*28,637 35,471 
Research and development17,397 19,788 
Selling, general and administrative17,928 26,344 
Restructuring charges713 1,450 
Depreciation and amortization9,867 11,356 
Total costs and expenses74,542 94,409 
Loss from continuing operations(9,043)(17,287)
Interest income58 
Interest expense(95)(245)
Other Income (expense)(3,396)1,692 
Loss from continuing operations, before taxes(12,529)(15,782)
Benefit for income taxes163 12,432 
Net loss from continuing operations(12,366)(3,350)
Net income (loss) attributable to redeemable noncontrolling interests336 (17)
Preferred stock dividend(10,530)(8,909)
Net loss attributable to Synchronoss$(22,560)$(12,276)
Earnings (loss) per share
Basic$(0.53)$(0.30)
Diluted$(0.53)$(0.30)
Weighted-average common shares outstanding:
Basic42,737 41,483 
Diluted42,737 41,483 
________________________________
*    Cost of revenues excludes depreciation and amortization which are shown separately.

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.





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SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE (LOSS) INCOME
(Unaudited) (In thousands)
Three Months Ended March 31,
20212020
Net loss$(12,366)$(3,350)
Other comprehensive loss, net of tax:
Foreign currency translation adjustments(1,888)(3,941)
Unrealized gain on available for sale securities751 
Net income (loss) on inter-company foreign currency transactions752 (372)
Total other comprehensive loss(1,136)(3,562)
Comprehensive loss(13,502)(6,912)
Comprehensive loss attributable to redeemable noncontrolling interests336 (17)
Comprehensive loss attributable to Synchronoss$(13,166)$(6,929)

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
5

SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(Unaudited) (In thousands)
Three Months Ended March 31, 2021
Common StockTreasury StockAdditionalAccumulated OtherTotal
SharesAmountSharesAmountPaid-In CapitalComprehensive Income (Loss)Accumulated deficitStockholders' Equity
Balance at December 31, 202051,177 $(7,162)$(82,087)$499,348 $(28,213)$(345,771)$43,282 
Stock based compensation— — — — 2,813 — — 2,813 
Issuance of restricted stock154 — — — — — — 
Preferred stock dividends accrued— — — — (9,407)— — (9,407)
Amortization of preferred stock issuance costs— — — — (1,123)— — (1,123)
Net loss attributable to Synchronoss— — — — — — (12,366)(12,366)
Non-controlling interest— — — — (336)— 336 
Total other comprehensive income (loss)— — — — — (1,136)— (1,136)
Balance at March 31, 202151,331 $(7,162)$(82,087)$491,295 $(29,349)$(357,801)$22,063 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2020
Common StockTreasury StockAdditionalAccumulated OtherTotal
SharesAmountSharesAmountPaid-In CapitalComprehensive Income (Loss)Accumulated deficitStockholders' Equity
Balance at December 31, 201951,704 $(7,162)$(82,087)$525,739 $(33,261)$(334,319)$76,077 
Stock based compensation— — — — 5,316 — — 5,316 
Issuance of restricted stock55 — — — — — �� 
Preferred stock dividends accrued— — — — (8,158)— — (8,158)
Amortization of preferred stock issuance costs— — — — (750)— — (750)
Shares withheld for taxes in connection with issuance of restricted stock(1)— — — — — — 
Net income attributable to Synchronoss— — — — — — (3,350)(3,350)
Non-controlling interest— — — — 17 — (17)
Total other comprehensive income (loss)— — — — — (3,562)— (3,562)
Adoption of new credit loss accounting standard— — — — — — (768)(768)
Balance at March 31, 202051,758 $(7,162)$(82,087)$522,164 $(36,823)$(338,454)$64,805 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

6

SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited) (In thousands)
Three Months Ended March 31,
20212020
Operating activities:
Net loss continuing operations$(12,366)$(3,350)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization9,867 11,357 
(Gain) loss on Disposals of fixed assets(9)
(Gain) loss on Disposals of intangible assets(1,843)
Deferred income taxes(1,037)(10)
Stock-based compensation2,721 5,186 
Operating lease impairment555 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable, net3,214 (6,961)
Prepaid expenses and other current assets(445)(6,240)
Accounts payable3,752 7,515 
Accrued expenses(3,762)
Other assets198 
Deferred revenues(6,648)(20,454)
Other liabilities6,419 (415)
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities2,261 (15,016)
Investing activities:
Purchases of fixed assets(721)(249)
Additions to capitalized software(5,042)(4,428)
Proceeds from the sale of intangibles1,843 
Maturity of marketable securities available for sale11 
Net cash used in investing activities(5,763)(2,823)
Financing activities:
Taxes paid on withholding shares(4)
Borrowings on revolving line of credit10,000 
Net cash provided by financing activities9,996 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash(351)(252)
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents(3,853)(8,095)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period33,671 39,001 
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period$29,818 $30,906 
Supplemental disclosures of non-cash investing and financing activities:
Paid in kind dividends on Series A Convertible Participating Perpetual Preferred Stock$10,201 $8,623 

 See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
7

SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED
(Amounts in tables in thousands, except for per share data or unless otherwise noted)


1. Description of Business

General

Synchronoss Technologies, Inc. (“Synchronoss” or the “Company”) Digital, Cloud, Messaging and Total Network Management platforms help the world’s leading companies, including operators, original equipment manufacturers (“OEMs”), and Media and Technology providers to deliver continuously transformative customer experiences that create high value engagement and new monetization opportunities.
The Company currently operates in and markets solutions and services directly through the Company’s sales organizations in North America, Europe and Asia-Pacific. The Company’s platforms give customers new opportunities in the Telecommunications, Media and Technology (“TMT”) space, taking advantage of the rapidly converging services, connected devices, networks and applications.
The Company delivers platforms, products and solutions including:
White Label Personal Cloud: Cloud sync, backup, storage, device set up, content transfer and content engagement for user generated content.
Messaging: White label consumer email solutions. Advanced, multi-channel messaging peer-to-peer (“P2P”) communications and application-to-person (“A2P”) commerce solutions.
Digital: Customer journey and workflow design, development, orchestration and experience management.
Total Network Management (“TNM”): integrated application suite that designs, procures, manages and optimizes telecom network infrastructure.

The Synchronoss Personal Cloud™ platform is a secure and highly scalable white label platform designed to store and sync subscriber’s personally created content seamlessly to and from current and new devices. This allows a carrier’s customers to protect, engage with and manage their personal content and gives the Company’s Operator customers the ability to increase average revenue per user (“ARPU”) through a new monthly recurring charge (“MRC”) and opportunities to mine valuable data that will give subscribers access to new, beneficial services. Additionally, the Company’s Personal Cloud Platform performs an expanding set of value-add services including facilitating an Operator’s initial device setup and enhancing visibility and control across disparate devices within subscribers’ smart homes.
The Synchronoss Messaging Platform powers hundreds of millions of subscribers’ mail boxes worldwide. The Company’s Advanced Messaging Product is a powerful, secure and intelligent white label messaging platform that expands capabilities for Operators and TMT companies to offer P2P messaging via Rich Communications Services (“RCS”). Additionally, the Company’s Advanced Messaging Product powers commerce and a robust ecosystem for Operators, brands and advertisers to execute Application to Person (“A2P”) commerce and data-rich dialogue with subscribers.
The Synchronoss Digital Platform is a suite of technology, tools and solutions that includes digital experience creation and management, automated provisioning, artificial intelligence and financial analytics that service a broad array of TMT markets. The products equip customers with a toolkit of capabilities where they can design, deploy and manage end user customer journeys and workflows easily and quickly from one central platform that also integrates across front end customer engagement channels as well as enterprise business systems (e.g. CRM, POS) allowing non-citizen developers to configure rather than code experiences. The platform sits between customer-facing touch points and a customer’s existing back-office systems to orchestrate data, workflows and processes into digital customer journeys that interface with end user channels creating user experiences that can be centrally managed and coordinated with less resources than is typical in a traditional IT environment.
The Synchronoss Total Network Management application suite provides Operators with the tools and software to design their physical network, streamline their infrastructure purchases, and comprehensive network expense optimization and management for leading top tier carriers around the globe.

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SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED
(Amounts in tables in thousands, except for per share data or unless otherwise noted)

2. Basis of Presentation and Consolidation

Basis of Presentation and Consolidation

The accompanying interim unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared by Synchronoss and in the opinion of management, include all adjustments necessary for a fair presentation of the Company’s financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the interim periods. They do not include all of the information and footnotes required by U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) for complete financial statements and should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements and related notes included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020. The results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2021 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the year ending December 31, 2021.

The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company, its wholly-owned subsidiaries and variable interest entities (“VIE”) in which the Company is the primary beneficiary and entities in which the Company has a controlling interest. Investments in less than majority-owned companies in which the Company does not have a controlling interest, but does have significant influence, are accounted for as equity method investments. Investments in less than majority-owned companies in which the Company does not have the ability to exert significant influence over the operating and financial policies of the investee are accounted for using the cost method. All material intercompany transactions and accounts are eliminated in consolidation. Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current year's presentation.

For further information about the Company’s basis of presentation and consolidation or its significant accounting policies, refer to the consolidated financial statements and footnotes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.

Risks and Uncertainties

There continue to be uncertainties regarding the current coronavirus ("COVID-19") pandemic, and the Company is closely monitoring the impact of the pandemic on all aspects of its business, including how it will impact its customers, employees, suppliers, vendors, business partners and distribution channels. While the pandemic did not materially affect the Company’s financial results and business operations for the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company is unable to predict the impact that COVID-19 will have on its financial position and operating results due to numerous uncertainties. The Company will continue to assess the evolving impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and will make adjustments to its operations as necessary.


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SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED
(Amounts in tables in thousands, except for per share data or unless otherwise noted)

Recently Issued Accounting Standards

Recent accounting pronouncements adopted
StandardDescriptionEffect on the financial statements
Update 2019-12 - Income Taxes (Topic 740) Simplifying the Accounting for Income TaxesThe ASU removes the exception to the general principles in ASC 740, Income Taxes, associated with the incremental approach for intra-period tax allocation, accounting for basis differences when there are ownership changes in foreign investments and interim-period income tax accounting for year-to-date losses that exceed anticipated losses. In addition, the ASU improves the application of income tax related guidance and simplifies U.S. GAAP when accounting for franchise taxes that are partially based on income, transactions with government resulting in a step-up in tax basis goodwill, separate financial statements of legal entities not subject to tax, and enacted changes in tax laws in interim periods. Different transition approaches, retrospective, modified retrospective, or prospective, will apply to each income tax simplification provision.The Company adopted the new standard as of January 1, 2021. The standard did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial position or results of operations upon adoption.
Date of adoption: January 1, 2021.

Standards issued not yet adopted
StandardDescriptionEffect on the financial statements
Update 2020-06, Debt-Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging-Contracts in Entity's Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40): Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entity's Own Equity (ASU 2020-06)The ASU simplifies the accounting for convertible instruments by reducing the number of accounting models available for convertible debt instruments. This guidance also eliminates the treasury stock method to calculate diluted earnings per share for convertible instruments and requires the use of the if-converted method. This guidance will be effective for us in the first quarter of 2022 on a full or modified retrospective basis, with early adoption permitted. We do not expect the adoption of this guidance to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
The Company does not expect the adoption of this guidance to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

Date of adoption: January 1, 2022.

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SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED
(Amounts in tables in thousands, except for per share data or unless otherwise noted)


3. Revenue

Disaggregation of revenue

The Company disaggregates revenue from contracts with customers into the nature of the products and services and geographical regions. The Company’s geographic regions are the Americas, Europe, the Middle East and Africa (“EMEA”), and Asia Pacific (“APAC”). The majority of the Company’s revenue is from the Technology, Media and Telecom (collectively, “TMT”) sector.
Three Months Ended March 31, 2021Three Months Ended March 31, 2020
CloudDigitalMessagingTotalCloudDigitalMessagingTotal
Geography
Americas$37,031 $11,240 $3,516 $51,787 $39,322 $10,937 $10,903 $61,162 
APAC1,128 6,700 7,828 558 9,175 9,733 
EMEA1,865 609 3,410 5,884 1,722 1,257 3,248 6,227 
Total$38,896 $12,977 $13,626 $65,499 $41,044 $12,752 $23,326 $77,122 
Service Line
Professional Services$3,925 $2,111 $2,611 $8,647 $4,161 $4,536 $5,230 $13,927 
Transaction Services1,975 2,268 4,244 1,307 1,074 2,381 
Subscription Services32,996 8,433 10,614 52,043 35,576 7,002 10,617 53,195 
License165 400 565 140 7,479 7,619 
Total$38,896 $12,977 $13,626 $65,499 $41,044 $12,752 $23,326 $77,122 


Trade Accounts Receivable and Contract balances

The Company classifies its right to consideration in exchange for deliverables as either a receivable or a contract asset. A receivable is a right to consideration that is unconditional (i.e. only the passage of time is required before payment is due). For example, the Company recognizes a receivable for revenues related to its time and materials and transaction or volume-based contracts. The Company presents such receivables in Trade accounts receivable, net in its condensed consolidated statements of financial position at their net estimated realizable value. The Company maintains an allowance for credit losses to provide for the estimated amount of receivables that may not be collected. The allowance is based upon an assessment of customer creditworthiness, historical payment experience, the age of outstanding receivables and other economic indicators.

A contract asset is a right to consideration that is conditional upon factors other than the passage of time. For example, the Company would record a contract asset if it records revenue on a professional services engagement but are not entitled to bill until the Company achieves specified milestones. Contract assets balance at March 31, 2021 is $6.6 million.

Amounts collected in advance of services being provided are accounted for as contract liabilities, which are presented as deferred revenue on the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets and are realized with the associated revenue recognized under the contract. Nearly all of the Company's contract liabilities balance is related to services revenue, primarily subscription services contracts.

The Company’s contract assets and liabilities are reported in a net position on a customer basis at the end of each reporting period.

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SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED
(Amounts in tables in thousands, except for per share data or unless otherwise noted)

Significant changes in the contract liabilities balance (current and non-current) during the period are as follows:
Contract Liabilities*
Balance - January 1, 2021$45,614 
Revenue recognized in the period(66,055)
Amounts billed but not recognized as revenue60,294 
Balance - March 31, 2021$39,853 
________________________________
*    Comprised of Deferred Revenue

Transaction price allocated to the remaining performance obligations

Topic 606 requires that the Company disclose the aggregate amount of transaction price that is allocated to performance obligations that have not yet been satisfied as of March 31, 2021. The Company has elected not to disclose transaction price allocated to remaining performance obligations for:

1.Contracts with an original duration of one year or less, including contracts that can be terminated for convenience without a substantive penalty;
2.Contracts for which the Company recognizes revenues based on the right to invoice for services performed;
3.Variable consideration allocated entirely to a wholly unsatisfied performance obligation or to a wholly unsatisfied promise to transfer a distinct good or service that forms part of a single performance obligation in accordance with Topic 606 Section 10-25-14(b), for which the criteria in Topic 606 Section 10-32-40 have been met. This applies to a limited number of situations where the Company is dependent upon data from a third party or where fees are highly variable.

Many of the Company’s performance obligations meet one or more of these exemptions. Specifically, the Company has excluded the following from the Company’s remaining performance obligations, all of which will be resolved in the period in which amounts are known:
consideration for future transactions, above any contractual minimums
consideration for success-based transactions contingent on third party data
credits for failure to meet future service level requirements

As of March 31, 2021, the aggregate amount of transaction price allocated to remaining performance obligations, other than those meeting the exclusion criteria above, was $264.2 million, of which approximately 73.8 percent is expected to be recognized as revenues within 2 years, and the remainder thereafter.

Estimates of revenue expected to be recognized in future periods also exclude unexercised customer options to purchase services that do not represent material rights to the customer. Customer options that do not represent a material right are only accounted for in accordance with Topic 606 when the customer exercises its option to purchase additional goods or services.

4. Fair Value Measurements

In accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. A three-level hierarchy prioritizes the inputs used to measure fair value as follows:

Level 1 - Observable inputs - quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities;
Level 2 - Observable inputs other than the quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities includes quoted prices for similar instruments, quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in inactive markets, and amounts derived from valuation models where all significant inputs are observable in active markets; and
Level 3 - Unobservable inputs - includes amounts derived from valuation models where one or more significant inputs are unobservable and require the Company to develop relevant assumptions.
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SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED
(Amounts in tables in thousands, except for per share data or unless otherwise noted)


The following is a summary of assets, liabilities and redeemable noncontrolling interests and their related classifications under the fair value hierarchy:
March 31, 2021
Total(Level 1)(Level 2)(Level 3)
Assets
Cash and cash equivalents (1)
$29,818 $29,818 $$
Total assets$29,818 $29,818 $$
Temporary equity
Redeemable noncontrolling interests (2)
$12,500 $$$12,500 
Total temporary equity$12,500 $$$12,500 
December 31, 2020
Total(Level 1)(Level 2)(Level 3)
Assets
Cash and cash equivalents (1)
$33,671 $33,671 $$
Total assets$33,671 $33,671 $$
Temporary Equity
Redeemable noncontrolling interests (2)
$12,500 $$$12,500 
Total temporary equity$12,500 $$$12,500 
________________________________
(1)Cash equivalents primarily included money market funds.
(2)Put arrangements held by the noncontrolling interests in certain of the Company’s joint ventures.

Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests

The redeemable noncontrolling interests recorded at fair value are put arrangements held by the noncontrolling interests in certain of the Company’s joint ventures. The Company recognizes changes in the redemption value immediately as they occur and adjusts the carrying value of the noncontrolling interest to the greater of the estimated redemption value, which approximates fair value, at the end of each reporting period or the initial carrying amount.

The fair value of the redeemable noncontrolling interests was estimated by applying an income approach using a discounted cash flow analysis. This fair value measurement is based on significant inputs that are not observable in the market and thus represents a Level 3 measurement. Significant changes in the underlying assumptions used to value the redeemable noncontrolling interests could significantly increase or decrease the fair value estimates recorded in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

The changes in fair value of the Company’s Level 3 redeemable noncontrolling interests during the three months ended March 31, 2021 were as follows:

Balance at December 31, 2020$12,500 
Fair value adjustment336 
Net loss attributable to redeemable noncontrolling interests(336)
Balance at March 31, 2021$12,500 

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SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED
(Amounts in tables in thousands, except for per share data or unless otherwise noted)

5. Leases

The Company has entered into contracts with third parties to lease a variety of assets, including certain real estate, equipment, automobiles and other assets. The Company’s leases frequently allow for lease payments that could vary based on factors such as inflation or the degree of utilization of the underlying asset. For example, certain of the Company’s real estate leases could require us to make payments that vary based on common area maintenance charges, insurance and other charges. The Company’s lease agreements do not contain any material residual value guarantees or material restrictive covenants.

The Company is party to certain sublease arrangements, primarily related to the Company’s real estate leases, where it acts as the lessee and intermediate lessor.

The Company reflects finance leases as a component of Leases, non-current on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet. The finance leases were not material for the period ended March 31, 2021.

The following table presents information about the Company's Right of Use (ROU) assets and lease liabilities at March 31, 2021 (in thousands):

ROU assets:
Non-current operating lease ROU assets$31,960 
Operating lease liabilities:
Current operating lease liabilities*$9,342 
Non-current operating lease liabilities41,803 
Total operating lease liabilities$51,145 
________________________________
*    Amounts are included in Accrued Expenses on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet.

The following table presents information about lease expense and sublease income for the three months ended March 31, 2021 (in thousands):
Three Months Ended
March 31, 2021
Operating lease cost*$2,600 
Other lease costs and income:
Variable lease costs*(1)
775 
Sublease income*(945)
Total net lease cost$2,430 
________________________________
*    Amounts are included in Cost of revenues, Selling, general and administrative and/or Research and development based on the function that the underlying leased asset supports which are reflected in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.
(1)    As part of the Company’s continued cost savings initiatives, the Company closed certain office spaces and terminated various lease agreements. These actions resulted in a $0.6 million ROU asset impairment charge, which was determined by the present value of the forecasted future cash flows for the remaining lease term.

14

SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED
(Amounts in tables in thousands, except for per share data or unless otherwise noted)

The following table provides the undiscounted amount of future cash flows included in our lease liabilities at March 31, 2021 for each of the five years subsequent to December 31, 2020 and thereafter, as well as a reconciliation of such undiscounted cash flows to our lease liabilities at March 31, 2021 (in thousands):
Operating Leases
Remaining 2021$9,552 
202211,021 
20238,595 
20248,346 
20258,223 
Thereafter18,590 
Total future lease payments64,327 
Less: amount representing interest(13,182)
Present value of future lease payments (lease liability)$51,145 

The following table provides the weighted-average remaining lease term and weighted-average discount rates for our leases as of March 31, 2021:

Operating Leases:
Weighted-average remaining lease term (years), weighted based on lease liability balances6.52
Weighted-average discount rate (percentages), weighted based on the remaining balance of lease payments7.6%

The following table provides certain cash flow and supplemental noncash information related to our lease liabilities for the three months ended March 31, 2021 (in thousands):

Operating Leases:
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities$3,449 
Lease liabilities arising from obtaining right-of-use assets


6. Investments in Affiliates and Related Transactions

Sequential Technology International, LLC

In connection with the divestiture of the exception handling business of the Company in 2017, Synchronoss entered into a three-year Cloud Telephony and Support services agreement (“CTS Agreement”) to grant Sequential Technology International, LLC (“STIN”) access to certain Synchronoss software and private branch exchange systems to facilitate exception handling operations required to support STIN customers.

The CTS agreement expired in the first quarter of 2020. At the time of the expiration, the Company entered into an Asset Purchase Agreement with STIN. As part of the agreement, the Company received $1.6 million in exchange for certain hardware and system assets for the cloud telephony and remaining support service business.

During the second quarter of 2020, the Company entered into an agreement with STIN and AP Capital Holdings II, LLC (“APC”) to divest its remaining equity interest in STIN as well as settle its paid-in-kind purchase money note (“PIK note”) and certain amounts due as of December 31, 2019 in consideration for a $9.0 million secured promissory note (the “Note”), which includes contingent consideration of up to $16.0 million. The Note has an 8% interest rate and a 3-year stated term. As part of the arrangement, APC acquired a majority stake of STIN. Additionally, in the event of a Sale of STIN by APC and STIN at a future date, the Company shall receive 5% of such sale proceeds, after reducing the sale proceeds by any outstanding amounts
15

SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED
(Amounts in tables in thousands, except for per share data or unless otherwise noted)

of the above Note, including any earned contingent consideration. The Company determined the fair value of the Note as of the transaction date to be approximately $4.8 million. The Company determined the fair value of the Note using a discounted cash flow analysis, which discounts the expected future cash flows of the asset to determine its fair value. The fair value measurement is based on significant inputs not observable in the market and thus represents a Level 3 measurement. The Note has been reflected in Other assets on the Condensed Consolidated balance sheet. No gain or loss was recognized as a result of the transaction. As of March 31, 2021, the Company reassessed the fair value of the note and there were no material changes.

7. Debt

2019 Revolving Credit Facility

On October 4, 2019, the Company entered into a Credit Agreement with Citizens Bank, N.A., for a $10.0 million Revolving Credit Facility. Borrowings under the Revolving Credit Facility bear interest at a rate equal to, at the Company’s option, either (1) the arithmetic average of the LIBOR rate determined by reference to the costs of funds for U.S. dollar deposits for the interest period (one, three or six months (or 12 months if agreed to by all applicable Lenders)) as selected by the Company relevant to such borrowing plus the applicable margin, or (2) a base rate determined by reference to the greatest of the federal funds rate plus 0.5%, the prime commercial lending rate as determined by the Agent, and the daily LIBOR rate plus 1.0%, in each case plus an applicable margin and subject to a floor of 0.5%. In addition, on a quarterly basis, the Company is required to pay each lender under the Revolving Credit Facility a 0.2% commitment fee in respect of commitments under the Revolving Credit Facility, which may be subject to adjustment based on the Company’s total leverage ratio. On November 9, 2020, the Company entered into an amended credit agreement which changes the terms of the Company’s debt covenants. The Company is in compliance with its debt covenants. The outstanding balance under the Revolving Credit Facility as of March 31, 2021 is $10.0 million.

Interest expense

The following table summarizes the Company’s interest expense:
Three Months Ended March 31,
20212020
2019 Revolving Credit Facility
Amortization of debt issuance costs$12 $16 
Commitment fee
Interest on borrowings63 14 
Other*20 211 
Total$95 $245 
________________________________
* Mainly finance leases’ related interest expense

8. Accumulated Other Comprehensive (Loss) / Income

The changes in accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income during the three months ended March 31, 2021 were as follows:
Balance at December 31, 2020Other comprehensive (loss) incomeTax effectBalance at March 31, 2021
Foreign currency$(26,076)$(1,888)$$(27,964)
Unrealized income (loss) on intra-entity foreign currency transactions(2,137)1,144 (392)(1,385)
Total$(28,213)$(744)$(392)$(29,349)


16

SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED
(Amounts in tables in thousands, except for per share data or unless otherwise noted)

9. Stockholders’ Equity

There were no significant changes to Company’s authorized capital stock and preferred stock during the three months ended March 31, 2021.

Common Stock

Each holder of common stock is entitled to vote on all matters and is entitled to 1 vote for each share held. Dividends on common stock will be paid when, and if, declared by the Company’s Board of Directors. NaN dividends have ever been declared or paid by the Company.

Preferred Stock

The Board of Directors is authorized to issue preferred shares and has the discretion to determine the rights, preferences, privileges and restrictions, including voting rights, dividend rights, conversion rights, redemption privileges and liquidation preferences of preferred stock.

In accordance with the terms of the Share Purchase Agreement dated as of October 17, 2017 (the “PIPE Purchase Agreement”), with Silver Private Holdings I, LLC, an affiliate of Siris (“Silver”), on February 15, 2018, the Company issued to Silver 185,000 shares of its newly issued Series A Convertible Participating Perpetual Preferred Stock (the “Series A Preferred Stock”), par value $0.0001 per share, with an initial liquidation preference of $1,000 per share, in exchange for $97.7 million in cash and the transfer from Silver to the Company of the 5,994,667 shares of the Company’s common stock held by Silver (the “Preferred Transaction”).

As of March 31, 2021, there were 259,510 shares of Series A Preferred Stock outstanding, including the initial issuance of 185,000 shares of Series A Preferred Stock and the issuance of 74,510 shares of Series A Preferred Stock as dividends.

Certificate of Designation of the Series A Preferred Stock

The rights, preferences, privileges, qualifications, restrictions and limitations of the shares of Series A Preferred Stock are set forth in the Series A Certificate. Under the Series A Certificate, the holders of the Series A Preferred Stock are entitled to receive, on each share of Series A Preferred Stock on a quarterly basis, an amount equal to the dividend rate of 14.5% divided by four and multiplied by the then-applicable Liquidation Preference (as defined in the Series A Certificate) per share of Series A Preferred Stock (collectively, the “Preferred Dividends”). The Preferred Dividends are due on January 1, April 1, July 1 and October 1 of each year (each, a “Series A Dividend Payment Date”). The Company may choose to pay the Preferred Dividends in cash or in additional shares of Series A Preferred Stock. In the event the Company does not declare and pay a dividend in-kind or in cash on any Series A Dividend Payment Date, the unpaid amount of the Preferred Dividend will be added to the Liquidation Preference. In addition, the Series A Preferred Stock participates in dividends declared and paid on shares of the Company’s common stock.

Each share of Series A Preferred Stock is convertible, at the option of the holder, into the number of shares of common stock equal to the “Conversion Price” (as that term is defined in the Series A Certificate) multiplied by the then applicable “Conversion Rate” (as that term is defined in the Series A Certificate). Each share of Series A Preferred Stock is initially convertible into 55.5556 shares of common stock, representing an initial “conversion price” of approximately $18.00 per share of common stock. The Conversion Rate is subject to equitable proportionate adjustment in the event of stock splits, recapitalizations and other events set forth in the Series A Certificate.

On and after February 15, 2023, holders of shares of Series A Preferred Stock have the right to cause the Company to redeem each share of Series A Preferred Stock for cash in an amount equal to the sum of the current liquidation preference and any accrued dividends. Each share of Series A Preferred Stock is also redeemable at the option of the holder upon the occurrence of a “Fundamental Change” (as that term is defined in the Series A Certificate) at a specified premium (“Liquidation Value”). In addition, the Company is also permitted to redeem all outstanding shares of the Series A Preferred Stock at any time (i) within the first 30 months of the date of issuance for the sum of the then-applicable Liquidation Preference, accrued but unpaid dividends and a make whole amount (known as “Redemption Value”) and (ii) following the 30-month anniversary of
17

SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED
(Amounts in tables in thousands, except for per share data or unless otherwise noted)

the date of issuance for the sum of the then-applicable Liquidation Preference and the accrued but unpaid dividends. As of March 31, 2021, the Liquidation Value and Redemption Value of the Preferred Shares was $243.1 million.

The holders of a majority of the Series A Preferred Stock, voting separately as a class, are entitled at each of the Company’s annual meetings of stockholders or at any special meeting called for the purpose of electing directors (or by written consent signed by the holders of a majority of the then-outstanding shares of Series A Preferred Stock in lieu of such a meeting): (i) to nominate and elect 2 members of the Company’s Board of Directors for so long as the Preferred Percentage (as defined in the Series A Certificate) is equal to or greater than 10%; and (ii) to nominate and elect 1 member of the Company’s Board of Directors for so long as the Preferred Percentage is equal to or greater than 5% but less than 10%.

For so long as the holders of shares of Series A Preferred Stock have the right to nominate at least one director, the Company is required to obtain the prior approval of Silver prior to taking certain actions, including: (i) certain dividends, repayments and redemptions; (ii) any amendment to the Company’s certificate of incorporation that adversely effects the rights, preferences, privileges or voting powers of the Series A Preferred Stock; (iii) issuances of stock ranking senior or equivalent to shares of Series A Preferred Stock (including additional shares of Series A Preferred Stock) in the priority of payment of dividends or in the distribution of assets upon any liquidation, dissolution or winding up of the Company; (iv) changes in the size of the Company’s Board of Directors; (v) any amendment, alteration, modification or repeal of the charter of the Company’s Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee of the Board of Directors and related documents; and (vi) any change in the Company’s principal business or the entry into any line of business outside of the Company’s existing lines of businesses. In addition, in the event that the Company is in EBITDA Non-Compliance (as defined in the Series A Certificate) or the undertaking of certain actions would result in the Company exceeding a specified pro forma leverage ratio, then the prior approval of Silver would be required to incur indebtedness (or alter any debt document) in excess of $10.0 million, enter or consummate any transaction where the fair market value exceeds $5.0 million individually or $10.0 million in the aggregate in a fiscal year or authorize or commit to capital expenditures in excess of $25.0 million in a fiscal year.

Each holder of Series A Preferred Stock has 1 vote per share on any matter on which holders of Series A Preferred Stock are entitled to vote separately as a class, whether at a meeting or by written consent. The holders of Series A Preferred Stock are permitted to take any action or consent to any action with respect to such rights without a meeting by delivering a consent in writing or electronic transmission of the holders of the Series A Preferred Stock entitled to cast not less than the minimum number of votes that would be necessary to authorize, take or consent to such action at a meeting of stockholders. In addition to any vote (or action taken by written consent) of the holders of the shares of Series A Preferred Stock as a separate class provided for in the Series A Certificate or by the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware, the holders of shares of the Series A Preferred Stock are entitled to vote with the holders of shares of common stock (and any other class or series that may similarly be entitled to vote on an as-converted basis with the holders of common stock) on all matters submitted to a vote or to the consent of the stockholders of the Company (including the election of directors) as one class.

Under the Series A Certificate, if Silver and certain of its affiliates have elected to effect a conversion of some or all of their shares of Series A Preferred Stock and if the sum, without duplication, of (i) the aggregate number of shares of the Company’s common stock issued to such holders upon such conversion and any shares of the Company’s common stock previously issued to such holders upon conversion of Series A Preferred Stock and then held by such holders, plus (ii) the number of shares of the Company’s common stock underlying shares of Series A Preferred Stock that would be held at such time by such holders (after giving effect to such conversion), would exceed the 19.9% of the issued and outstanding shares of the Company’s voting stock on an as converted basis (the “Conversion Cap”), then such holders would only be entitled to convert such number of shares as would result in the sum of clauses (i) and (ii) (after giving effect to such conversion) being equal to the Conversion Cap (after giving effect to any such limitation on conversion). Any shares of Series A Preferred Stock which a holder has elected to convert but which, by reason of the previous sentence, are not so converted, will be treated as if the holder had not made such election to convert and such shares of Series A Preferred Stock will remain outstanding. Also, under the Series A Certificate, if the sum, without duplication, of (i) the aggregate voting power of the shares previously issued to Silver and certain of its affiliates held by such holders at the record date, plus (ii) the aggregate voting power of the shares of Series A Preferred Stock held by such holders as of such record date, would exceed 19.99% of the total voting power of the Company’s outstanding voting stock at such record date, then, with respect to such shares, Silver and certain of its affiliates are only entitled to cast a number of votes equal to 19.99% of such total voting power. The limitation on conversion and voting ceases to apply upon receipt of the requisite approval of holders of the Company’s common stock under the applicable listing standards.
18

SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED
(Amounts in tables in thousands, except for per share data or unless otherwise noted)


Investor Rights Agreement
 
Concurrently with the closing of the Preferred Transaction, Synchronoss and Silver entered into an Investor Rights Agreement. Under the terms of the Investor Rights Agreement, Silver and Synchronoss have agreed that, effective as of the closing of the Preferred Transaction, the Board of Directors of Synchronoss will consist of 10 members. From and after the closing of the Preferred Transaction, so long as the holders of Series A Preferred Stock have the right to nominate a member to the Board of Directors pursuant to the Series A Certificate, the Board of Directors of Synchronoss will consist of (i) 2 directors nominated and elected by the holders of shares of Series A Preferred Stock; (ii) 4 directors who meet the independence criteria set forth in the applicable listing standards (each of whom will be initially agreed upon by Synchronoss and Silver); and (iii) 4 other directors, 2 of whom shall satisfy the independence criteria of the applicable listing standards and, as of the closing of the Preferred Transaction, 1 of whom shall be the individual then serving as chief executive officer of Synchronoss and 1 of whom shall be the current chairman of the Board of Directors of Synchronoss as of the date of execution of the Investors Rights Agreement. Following the closing of the Preferred Transaction, so long as the holders of Series A Preferred Stock have the right to nominate at least 1 director to the Board of Directors of Synchronoss pursuant to the Series A Certificate, Silver will have the right to designate 2 members of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee of the Board of Directors.
 
Pursuant to the terms of the Investor Rights Agreement, neither Silver nor its affiliates may transfer any shares of Series A Preferred Stock subject to certain exceptions (including transfers to affiliates that agree to be bound by the terms of the Investor Rights Agreement).
 
For so long as Silver has the right to appoint a director to the Board of Directors of Synchronoss, without the prior approval by a majority of directors voting who are not appointed by the holders of shares of Series A Preferred Stock, neither Silver nor its affiliates will directly or indirectly purchase or acquire any debt or equity securities of Synchronoss (including equity-linked derivative securities) if such purchase or acquisition would result in Silver’s Standstill Percentage (as defined in the Investor Rights Agreement) being in excess of 30%. However, the foregoing standstill restrictions would not prohibit the purchase of shares pursuant to the PIPE Purchase Agreement or the receipt of shares of Series A Preferred Stock issued as Preferred Dividends pursuant to the Series A Certificate, shares of Common Stock received upon conversion of shares of Series A Preferred Stock or receipt of any shares of Series A Preferred Stock, Common Stock or other securities of the Company otherwise paid as dividends or as an increase of the Liquidation Preference (as defined in the Series A Certificate) or distributions thereon. Silver will also have preemptive rights with respect to issuances of securities of Synchronoss to maintain its ownership percentage.
 
Under the terms of the Investor Rights Agreement, Silver will be entitled to (i) 3 demand registrations, with no more than 2 demand registrations in any single calendar year and provided that each demand registration must include at least 10% of the shares of Common Stock held by Silver, including shares of Common Stock issuable upon conversion of shares of Series A Preferred Stock and (ii) unlimited piggyback registration rights with respect to primary issuances and all other issuances.

A summary of the Company’s Series A Convertible Participating Perpetual Preferred Stock balance at March 31, 2021 and changes during the three months ended March 31, 2021, are presented below:
Preferred Stock
SharesAmount
Balance at December 31, 2020250 $237,641 
Issuance of preferred stock
Amortization of preferred stock issuance costs1,122 
Issuance of preferred PIK dividend10 9,079 
Balance at March 31, 2021260 $247,842 

19

SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED
(Amounts in tables in thousands, except for per share data or unless otherwise noted)

The Company and Siris Capital Group, LLC (“Siris”) entered into an Advisory Services Agreement dated as of May 18, 2020 under which Siris may provide consulting and advisory services to the Company on operational, business, financial and strategic matters. Under the agreement, the Company agreed to pay Siris a fee of $110,000 per month for calendar year 2021, which fee increases by $10,000 a month in each successive calendar year during the term of the agreement. No payment of the fee is required until February 1, 2022 and the Company does not currently intend to pay any portion of the fee until this date. On February 1 of each calendar year commencing on February 1, 2022, the Company shall pay Siris 20% of the aggregate annual amount of the fees with respect to the prior calendar year that were not previously paid. In addition, no later than 30 days following the date on which Silver and its affiliates, including Siris, collectively hold no shares of Series A Preferred Stock, the Company shall pay all fees with respect to the period from January 1, 2021 through the termination date of the agreement not previously paid. The Company shall also reimburse Siris for any pre-approved out-of-pocket expenses in connection with providing services under the agreement.

Registration Rights

There were no significant changes to the Company’s registration rights during the three months ended March 31, 2021.

Stock Plans

There were no significant changes to the Company’s Stock Plans during the three months ended March 31, 2021. As of March 31, 2021, there were 1.4 million shares available for the grant or award under the Company’s 2015 Plan and 0.4 million shares available for the grant or award under the Company’s 2017 New Hire Equity Incentive Plan.

The Company’s performance cash awards granted to executives under the Long Term Incentive (“LTI”) Plans have been accounted for as liability awards, due to the Company’s intent and the ability to settle such awards in cash upon vesting and the Company has reflected such awards in accrued expenses. As of March 31, 2021, the liability for such awards is approximately $0.2 million.

Stock-Based Compensation

The following table summarizes stock-based compensation expense related to all of the Company’s stock awards included by operating expense categories, as follows:
Three Months Ended March 31,
20212020
Cost of revenues$478 $752 
Research and development855 1,431 
Selling, general and administrative1,388 2,986 
Total stock-based compensation expense$2,721 $5,169 

The following table summarizes stock-based compensation expense related to all of the Company’s stock awards included by award type, as follows:
Three Months Ended March 31,
20212020
Stock options$955 $1,783 
Restricted stock awards1,710 3,334 
Performance Based Cash Units56 52 
Total stock-based compensation before taxes$2,721 $5,169 
Tax benefit$497 $924 

The total stock-based compensation cost related to unvested equity awards as of March 31, 2021 was approximately $10.9 million. The expense is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of approximately 1.1 years.
20

SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED
(Amounts in tables in thousands, except for per share data or unless otherwise noted)


The total stock-based compensation cost related to unvested performance based cash units as of March 31, 2021 was approximately $0.2 million. The expense is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of approximately 1.6 years.

Stock Options

There were no significant changes to the Company’s Stock Option Plans during the three months ended March 31, 2021.

The Company uses the Black-Scholes option pricing model for determining the estimated fair value for stock options. The weighted-average assumptions used in the Black-Scholes option pricing model are as follows: 
Three Months Ended March 31,
20212020
Expected stock price volatility83.0 %72.5 %
Risk-free interest rate0.6 %1.4 %
Expected life of options (in years)4.184.45
Expected dividend yield0.0 %0.0 %
Weighted-average fair value (PSV) of the options$2.42 $3.09 

The following table summarizes information about stock options outstanding as of March 31, 2021:
OptionsNumber of
Options
Weighted-Average
Exercise Price
Weighted-Average
Remaining
Contractual
Term (Years)
Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
Outstanding at December 31, 20204,423 $9.60 
Options Granted255 3.97 
Options Exercised
Options Cancelled(620)9.66 
Outstanding at March 31, 20214,058 $9.23 5.00$22 
Vested at March 31, 20211,876 $13.88 3.93$
Exercisable at March 31, 20211,876 $13.88 3.93$

The total intrinsic value of stock options exercisable at March 31, 2021 and 2020 was NaN and NaN, respectively. The total intrinsic value of stock options exercised during the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 was NaN and NaN, respectively.

Awards of Restricted Stock and Performance Stock

There were no significant changes to the Company’s restricted stock award (“Restricted Stock”) and performance stock plan during the three months ended March 31, 2021.

21

SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED
(Amounts in tables in thousands, except for per share data or unless otherwise noted)

A summary of the Company’s unvested restricted stock at March 31, 2021, and changes during the three months ended March 31, 2021, is presented below:
Unvested Restricted StockNumber of
Awards
Weighted- Average
Grant Date
Fair Value
Unvested at December 31, 20201,510 $7.05 
Granted167 4.02 
Vested(574)7.27 
Forfeited(43)7.09 
Unvested at March 31, 20211,060 $6.36 

Restricted stock awards are granted subject to other service conditions or service and performance conditions (“Performance-Based Awards”). Restricted stock and Performance-Based Awards are measured at the closing stock price at the date of grant and are recognized straight line over the requisite service period.

Performance Based Cash Units

Performance based cash units vest at the end of a three-year period based on service and achievement of certain performance objectives determined by the Company’s Board of Directors.

A summary of the Company’s unvested performance-based cash units at March 31, 2021 and changes during the three months ended March 31, 2021, is presented below:
Unvested Cash UnitsNumber of
Units
Period End Fair Value
Unvested at December 31, 2020907 $4.70 
Granted
Granted adjustment(307)0
Vested(30)
Forfeited
Unvested at March 31, 2021570 $3.57 

Performance based cash units are measured at the closing stock price at the reporting period end date and are recognized straight line over the requisite service period. The expense for the period will increase or decrease based on updated fair values of these awards at each reporting date. Unvested units fluctuations are shown as adjustments to units granted in the table above. These fluctuations are based on the percentage achievement of the performance metrics at the end of each reporting period.

10. Income Taxes

The Company recognized approximately $0.2 million and $12.4 million in related income tax benefit during the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The effective tax rate was approximately 1.3% for the three months ended March 31, 2021, which was lower than the U.S. federal statutory rate primarily due to pre-tax losses in jurisdictions where full valuation allowances have been recorded and in zero rate jurisdictions. The Company’s effective tax rate was approximately 78.8% for the three months ended March 31, 2020, which was higher than the U.S. federal statutory rate primarily due to the Company’s ability to recognize certain loss carrybacks as a result of the enactment of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act (“CARES Act”) in Q1 2020 and valuation allowances recorded in domestic and foreign jurisdictions, partially offset by the impact of permanent book-tax differences. The Company continues to consider all available evidence, including historical profitability and projections of future taxable income together with new evidence, both positive and negative, that could affect the view of the future realization of deferred tax assets. As a result of the assessment, no change was recorded by the Company to the valuation allowance during the three months ended March 31, 2021.

22

SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED
(Amounts in tables in thousands, except for per share data or unless otherwise noted)

On March 11, 2021 the American Rescue Plan Act ("ARPA") was signed into law which is aimed at addressing the continuing economic and health impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. This legislation relief, along with the previous governmental relief packages provide for numerous changes to current tax law. ARPA did not have a material impact on our financial statements in the first quarter of 2021.

11. Restructuring

The Company continues to execute certain restructurings to identify workforce optimization opportunities to better align the Company’s resources with its key strategic priorities. A summary of the Company’s restructuring accrual at March 31, 2021 and changes during the three months ended March 31, 2021, are presented below:
Balance at December 31, 2020ChargesPaymentsOther AdjustmentsBalance at March 31, 2021
Employment termination costs$1,580 $713 $(1,010)$(2)$1,281 


12. Earnings per Common Share (“EPS”)

Basic EPS is computed based upon the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the year. Diluted EPS is computed based upon the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the year plus the dilutive effect of common stock equivalents using the treasury stock method and the average market price of the Company’s common stock for the year. The Company includes participating securities (Redeemable Convertible Preferred Stock - Participation with Dividends on Common Stock that contain preferred dividend) in the computation of EPS pursuant to the two-class method. The two-class method of computing earnings per share is an allocation method that calculates earnings per share for common stock and participating securities. During periods of net loss, no effect is given to the participating securities because they do not share in the losses of the Company.

23

SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED
(Amounts in tables in thousands, except for per share data or unless otherwise noted)

The following table provides a reconciliation of the numerator and denominator used in computing basic and diluted net income attributable to common stockholders per common share from continued and discontinued operations.
Three Months Ended March 31,
20212020
Numerator - Basic:
Net loss from continuing operations$(12,366)$(3,350)
Net income (loss) attributable to redeemable noncontrolling interests336 (17)
Preferred stock dividend(10,530)(8,909)
Net loss attributable to Synchronoss$(22,560)$(12,276)
Numerator - Diluted:
Net loss from continuing operations attributable to Synchronoss$(22,560)$(12,276)
Income effect for interest on convertible debt, net of tax
Net loss from continuing operations adjusted for the convertible debt(22,560)(12,276)
Denominator:
Weighted average common shares outstanding — basic42,737 41,483 
Dilutive effect of:
Shares from assumed conversion of preferred stock 1
Shares from assumed conversion of Performance Based Cash Units 2
Weighted average common shares outstanding — diluted42,737 41,483 
Basic EPS
Earnings per share:
Basic$(0.53)$(0.30)
Diluted$(0.53)$(0.30)
Anti-dilutive stock options excluded
Unvested shares of restricted stock awards1,060 3,222 
________________________________
(1)    The calculation does not include the effect of assumed conversion of preferred stock of 14,417,234 and 12,503,264 shares for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively; which is based on 55.5556 shares per $1,000 principal amount of the preferred
stock, because the effect would have been anti–dilutive.
(2)    The calculation does not include the effect of assumed conversion of Performance Based Cash Units of 586,976 and NaN shares for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively; which is based on 1 share per 1 Performance Based Cash Unit, because the effect would have been anti–dilutive.

24

SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED
(Amounts in tables in thousands, except for per share data or unless otherwise noted)

13. Commitments, Contingencies and Other

Purchase Obligations

Aggregate annual future minimum payments under non-cancelable agreements are as follows:
YearNon-cancelable agreements
2021$9,909 
202216,317 
202313,749 
2024 and thereafter21,994 
Total$61,969 

Legal Matters

In the ordinary course of business, the Company is regularly subject to various claims, suits, regulatory inquiries and investigations. The Company records a liability for specific legal matters when it determines that the likelihood of an unfavorable outcome is probable, and the loss can be reasonably estimated. Management has also identified certain other legal matters where they believe an unfavorable outcome is not probable and, therefore, no reserve is established. Although management currently believes that resolving claims against the Company, including claims where an unfavorable outcome is reasonably possible, will not have a material impact on the Company’s business, financial position, results of operations, or cash flows, these matters are subject to inherent uncertainties and management’s view of these matters may change in the future. The Company also evaluates other contingent matters, including income and non-income tax contingencies, to assess the likelihood of an unfavorable outcome and estimated extent of potential loss. It is possible that an unfavorable outcome of one or more of these lawsuits or other contingencies could have a material impact on the liquidity, results of operations, or financial condition of the Company.

On May 1, 2017, May 2, 2017, June 8, 2017 and June 14, 2017, 4 putative class actions were filed against the Company and certain of its current and former officers and directors in the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey (the “Securities Law Action”). After these cases were consolidated, the court appointed as lead plaintiff Employees’ Retirement System of the State of Hawaii, which filed, on November 20, 2017, a consolidated complaint purportedly on behalf of purchasers of the Company’s common stock between February 3, 2016 and June 13, 2017. On February 2, 2018, the defendants moved to dismiss the consolidated complaint in its entirety, with prejudice. Before that motion was decided, on August 24, 2018, lead plaintiff filed a consolidated amended complaint purportedly on behalf of purchasers of the Company’s common stock between October 28, 2014 and June 13, 2017. On June 28, 2019, the Court granted defendants’ motion to dismiss the consolidated amended complaint in its entirety, without prejudice, allowing lead plaintiff to leave to amend its complaint. On August 14, 2019, lead plaintiff filed a second amended complaint. The second amended complaint asserts claims under Sections 10(b) and 20(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and it alleges, among other things, that the defendants made false and misleading statements of material information concerning the Company’s financial results, business operations, and prospects. The plaintiff seeks unspecified damages, fees, interest, and costs. On October 4, 2019, the defendants moved to dismiss the second amended complaint in its entirety. On May 29, 2020, the court granted in part and denied in part defendants’ motion to dismiss the second amended complaint, without prejudice. Plaintiff filed its motion for class certification on October 30, 2020, which motion remains pending. The Company believes that the asserted claims lack merit and intends to defend against all of the claims vigorously. Due to the inherent uncertainties of litigation, the Company cannot predict the outcome of the action at this time and can give no assurance that the asserted claims will not have a material adverse effect on its financial position or results of operations.

On September 15, 2017, October 24, 2017, October 27, 2017 and October 30, 2017, Company shareholders filed derivative lawsuits against certain of the Company’s current and former officers and directors and the Company (as nominal defendant) in the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey (the “Derivative Suits”). On May 24, 2018, the Court consolidated the Derivative Suits and appointed Lisa LeBoeuf as lead plaintiff. The lead plaintiff designated as the Operative Complaint the complaint she previously had filed on October 27, 2017. On March 11, 2019, the defendants filed a motion to dismiss the Operative Complaint, which the Court granted in substantial part on November 26, 2019. On December 10, 2019,
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SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED
(Amounts in tables in thousands, except for per share data or unless otherwise noted)

the defendants filed a motion for reconsideration respecting the only claim to survive the motion to dismiss. On June 12, 2020, the Court granted the defendants’ motion for reconsideration and dismissed the remaining claim without prejudice, allowing lead plaintiff leave to amend her complaint. On July 13, 2020, lead plaintiff filed an amended complaint. The amended complaint alleges claims related to breaches of fiduciary duties and unjust enrichment. The amended complaint’s allegations relate to substantially the same facts as those underlying the Securities Law Action described above. On April 30, 2021, the Court dismissed Plaintiff’s amended complaint in its entirety. Due to the inherent uncertainties of litigation, including a potential appeal, the Company cannot predict the outcome of the action at this time and can give no assurance that the asserted claims will not have a material adverse effect on our financial position or results of operations.

On March 7, 2019, Synchronoss shareholders, Beth Daniel and Juan Solis, filed a separate derivative lawsuit against certain of the Company’s current and former officers and directors and the Company (as nominal defendant) in the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware, asserting substantially the same allegations as those underlying the Derivative Suits and the Securities Law Action described above. Plaintiffs seek unspecified damages and for the Company to take steps to improve its corporate governance and internal procedures. On May 20, 2019, the parties stipulated to a stay of the action pending a ruling on the pending motion to dismiss in the Derivative Suits. The Company believes that the asserted claims lack merit and intends to defend against all of the claims vigorously. Due to the inherent uncertainties of litigation, the Company cannot predict the outcome of the action at this time and can give no assurance that the asserted claims will not have a material adverse effect on our financial position or results of operations.

On June 11, 2020 and June 12, 2020, Company shareholders filed derivative lawsuits against certain of the Company’s current and former officers and directors and the Company (as nominal defendant) in the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey (the “Demand Refused Derivative Complaints”). The Demand Refused Derivative Complaints allege claims related to breaches of fiduciary duty, unjust enrichment, and alleged violations of securities laws. The complaints’ allegations relate substantially to the same facts as those underlying the Securities Law Action described above. The Demand Refused Derivative Complaints further allege that each plaintiff made a demand upon the Company’s Board of Directors to investigate the alleged misconduct and that such demand was wrongfully refused. Plaintiffs seek unspecified damages and for the Company to take steps to improve its corporate governance and internal procedures. On October 20, 2020, the Court consolidated the actions and appointed co-lead plaintiffs. On December 4, 2020, co-lead plaintiffs filed a consolidated amended complaint. On February 3, 2021, the defendants filed motions to dismiss the amended complaint, which remain pending before the Court. Due to the inherent uncertainties of litigation, the Company cannot predict the outcome of the action at this time and can give no assurance that the asserted claims will not have a material adverse effect on its financial position or results of operations.

Except as set forth above, the Company is not currently subject to any legal proceedings that could have a material adverse effect on its operations; however, it may from time to time become a party to various legal proceedings arising in the ordinary course of its business. The Company is currently the plaintiff in several patent infringement cases. The defendants in several of these cases have filed counterclaims. Although the Company cannot predict the outcome of the cases at this time due to the inherent uncertainties of litigation, the Company continues to pursue its claims and believes that the counterclaims are without merit, and the Company intends to defend against all of such counterclaims.

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SYNCHRONOSS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — UNAUDITED
(Amounts in tables in thousands, except for per share data or unless otherwise noted)

14. Additional Financial Information

Other Income, net

The following table sets forth the components of included in the Other Income, net included in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations:
Three Months Ended March 31,
20212020
FX gains (losses) (1)
$(3,274)$(212)
Income from sale of intangible assets (2)
1,843 
Other (3)
(122)61 
Total$(3,396)$1,692 
________________________________
(1)Fair value of foreign exchange gains and losses
(2)Represents gain on sale of certain of the Company’s IP addresses
(3)Represents an aggregate of individually immaterial transactions

15. Subsequent Events

Preferred Dividends

Subsequent to March 31, 2021, the Company paid in-kind the accrued Preferred Dividends of $9.4 million.

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ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (“MD&A”) is intended to provide a reader of our financial statements with a narrative from the perspective of our management on our financial condition, results of operations, liquidity and certain other factors that may affect our future results. The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and the related notes included in Item 1 “Financial Information” of this Form 10-Q.

The words “Synchronoss,” “we,” “our,” “ours,” “us,” and the “Company” refer to Synchronoss Technologies, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries. This quarterly report contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties and are based on the beliefs and assumptions of our management based on information currently available to our management. Use of words such as “believes,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “intends,” “plans,” “hopes,” “should,” “continues,” “seeks,” “likely” or similar expressions, indicate a forward-looking statement. Forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions, including, but not limited to, risks, uncertainties and assumptions relating to the duration and severity of the COVID-19 pandemic and its impact on our business and financial performance. Actual results may differ materially from the forward-looking statements we make. We caution investors not to place substantial reliance on the forward-looking statements included in this quarterly report. These statements speak only as of the date of this quarterly report, and we undertake no obligation to update or revise the statements in light of future developments. All numbers are expressed in thousands unless otherwise stated.

Overview

Synchronoss Technologies, Inc. (“Synchronoss” or the “Company”) is a global software and services company that provides essential technologies for the mobile transformation of business. The Company’s portfolio contains offerings such as personal cloud, secure-mobility, identity management and scalable messaging platforms, products and solutions. These essential technologies create a better way of delivering the transformative mobile experiences that the Company’s customers need to help them stay ahead of the curve in competition, innovation, productivity, growth and operational efficiency.

Synchronoss’ products and platforms are designed to be carrier-grade, flexible and scalable, enabling multiple converged communication services to be managed across a range of distribution channels including e-commerce, m-commerce, telesales, customer stores, indirect and other retail outlets. This business model allows the Company to meet the rapidly changing converged services and connected devices offered by their customers. Synchronoss’ products, platforms and solutions enable its customers to acquire, retain and service subscribers and employees quickly, reliably and cost-effectively with white label and custom-branded solutions. Synchronoss’ customers can simplify the processes associated with managing the customer experience for procuring, activating, connecting, backing-up, synchronizing and sharing/collaboration with connected devices and contents from these devices and associated services. The extensibility, scalability, reliability and relevance of the Company’s platforms enable new revenue streams and retention opportunities for their customers through new subscriber acquisitions, sale of new devices, accessories and new value-added service offerings in the Cloud. By using the Company’s technologies, Synchronoss’ customers can optimize their cost of operations while enhancing their customer experience.

The Company currently operates in and markets its solutions and services directly through its sales organizations in North America, Europe and Asia-Pacific.

Impacts of the Recent Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19)

Although COVID-19 has not significantly affected our business to date, this disclosure discusses the actions the Company has taken in response to the COVID-19 crisis and the impacts that the situation has had on our business, as well as related known or expected trends.

The continued impact of COVID-19 on the macroeconomy and our business will depend significantly on the effectiveness and distribution of the vaccine, the potential cyclicality of the health crisis and the related public policy actions, market or regulatory needs or demands, the length and severity of the global economic slowdown, and whether and how our customers change their behaviors over the longer term. As a result, the demand for our products and services, as well as our overall results
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of operations, may be materially and adversely impacted by the pandemic for the duration of 2021 or longer, and we are unable to predict the duration or degree of such impact with any certainty.

In response to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, we continue to execute our business continuity plans and evolve our operations to protect the safety of our employees while continuing to provide critical products and services to our customers. Some of the key initiatives the Company continues to execute include:

Working safely and effectively with new and existing customers to continue to provide our products and services through the pandemic
Continuing to enhance and modify our safety protocols for our employees
Adjusting business operations to address circumstances created by COVID-19
Maintaining effective governance and internal controls in a remote work environment

As the pandemic continues, we may revise our approach to these initiatives or take additional actions to meet the needs of our employees, customers and the Company and to continue to provide our products and services.

Revenues

We generate most of our revenues on a per transaction or subscription basis, which is derived from contracts that extend up to 60 months from execution.

The future success of our business depends on the continued growth of Business-to-Business and Business-to-Business-to-Consumer driving customer transactions, and continued expansion of our platforms into the TMT Market globally through Cloud, Messaging and Digital markets. As such, the volume of transactions and our ability to expand our footprint in TMT and globally may result in revenue fluctuations on a quarterly basis.

Most of our revenues are recorded in U.S. dollars but as we continue to expand our footprint with international carriers, we will become subject to currency translation that could affect our future net sales as reported in U.S. dollars.

Our top five customers accounted for 68.3% and 74.7% of net revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and March 31, 2020, respectively. Contracts with these customers typically run for three to five years. Of these customers, Verizon accounted for more than 10% of our revenues in 2021 and 2020. The loss of Verizon as a customer would have a material negative impact on our company. However, we believe that the costs incurred and subscriber disruption by Verizon to replace Synchronoss’ solutions would be substantial.

Current Trends Affecting Our Results of Operations

As the COVID-19 pandemic continues to evolve, we are actively monitoring the global situation. The extent of the continuing impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our operational and financial performance will depend on certain developments, including the duration and spread of the outbreak, impact on our customers and our sales cycles, impact on our business operations, impact on our customer, employee or industry events, and effect on our vendors, all of which are uncertain and cannot be predicted. The extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic may continue to impact our business, financial condition or results of operations is uncertain, but may include, without limitation, impacts to our paying user growth as well as disruptions to our business operations as a result of travel restrictions, shutdown of workplaces and potential impacts to our vendors. Additionally, our results of operations and cash flows are subject to fluctuations due to changes in foreign currency exchange rates relative to U.S. dollars, our reporting currency, as well as changes in interest rates. Volatile market conditions arising from the COVID-19 pandemic have and may continue to negatively impact our results of operations and cash flows, due to a weakening of foreign currencies relative to the U.S. dollar, which may cause our revenues to decline relative to our costs.

Business from our Synchronoss Personal Cloud™ solution has been driven by the growth in mobile devices globally that are becoming content rich. As these devices replace other traditional devices like PCs, the ability to securely back up content from mobile devices, sync it with other devices and share it with family, friends and business associates have become essential needs and subscriber expectations. Such devices include smartphones, connected cars, personal health and wellness devices and
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connected home devices. The need for the contents of these devices to be stored in a common cloud are also expected to be drivers of our business in the longer term.
 
Business from our traditional Synchronoss Messaging business (Email) has been driven by a resurgence in the need for white label secure messaging platforms that favor the Mobile Network Operator’s (“MNO”) business objectives and are not beholden to the objectives of a sponsoring over-the-top (“OTT”) platform. We believe that messaging drives higher subscriber engagement than any other application in the market today and holds the potential to stimulate new revenue from traditional services and third-party brands. OTT global success has driven MNOs to look at opportunities to preempt and compete with the OTTs which has potential opportunity for Synchronoss’ future growth to be driven by the need of TMT companies including (and especially) MNOs to embrace Messaging as a Platform (“MaaP”). MaaP will allow TMT and MNO’s to converse with subscribers in an efficient, automated way by streamlining the costs and increasing the effectiveness of self-care, as well as yielding cross-sell upselling of service plans, devices, bundles, etc. The Synchronoss Advanced Messaging Platform provides state of the art RCS-driven features including the ability to support advanced Peer to Peer communications and introduce new revenue streams driven by commerce and advertising via Application-to-Person capabilities.
 
Companies in the TMT market all face the dilemma of attempting to pivot their businesses to digital execution in order to create experiences that meet the expectations of their subscribers, generate new revenues and streamline costs creating healthier margins at a faster time to market than they have ever operated before. Their challenges feature the lack of skill sets to conceptualize and run day to day digital operations and the lack of resources to integrate their legacy back end systems to enact digital experiences that achieve their business objectives. The growth of Synchronoss Digital Platforms will be driven by the ability to provide TMT companies’ desire to obtain digital transformation solutions as quickly as possible while educating them on the ability to operate a digital business efficiently. Our Platform as a Service (“PaaS”) model provides a desirable alternative to heavy capital expenditure spending options often tried internally. The ability for our platforms to create low/no code, new customer digital journeys, virtually on the fly, gives TMT Companies the ability to operate new experiences and businesses without heavily investing in development resources.
 
To support our growth, which we expect to be driven by these favorable industry trends mentioned above, we will leverage modular components from our existing software platforms to build new products. We believe that these opportunities will continue to provide future benefits and position us for future revenue growth. We are also making investments in research and development of new products designed to enable us to grow rapidly in the mobile wireless market. Our purchase of capital assets and equipment may also increase based on aggressive deployment, subscriber growth and promotional offers for free or bundled storage by our major Tier 1 carrier customers.
 
We continue to expand our platforms into the converging TMT, MNO, and Digital spaces to enable connected devices to do more things across multiple networks, brands and communities. Our initiatives with our customers continue to grow both with regard to our current business as well as our new product offerings. We are also exploring additional opportunities to support our customer, product and geographic diversification strategies.

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Discussion of the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations

Three months ended March 31, 2021 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2020

The following table presents an overview of our results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 (in thousands):
Three Months Ended March 31, 20212021 vs 2020
20212020$ Change 
Net revenues$65,499 $77,122 $(11,623)
Cost of revenues*28,637 35,471 (6,834)
Research and development17,397 19,788 (2,391)
Selling, general and administrative17,928 26,344 (8,416)
Restructuring charges713 1,450 (737)
Depreciation and amortization9,867 11,356 (1,489)
Total costs and expenses74,542 94,409 (19,867)
Loss from continuing operations$(9,043)$(17,287)$8,244 
________________________________
*    Cost of revenues excludes depreciation and amortization which are shown separately.

Net revenues decreased $11.6 million to $65.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021, compared to the same period in 2020. The decrease in revenue is primarily attributable to non-recurring license sales and professional services in the prior period.

Cost of revenues decreased $6.8 million to $28.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021, compared to the same period in 2020. The 2021 decrease was primarily attributable to the year over year reduction in revenue and the cost savings from strategic initiatives implemented in the year driven mainly by data center consolidation and operating expense savings.

Research and development expense decreased $2.4 million to $17.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021, compared to the same period in 2020. The research and development costs decreased year over year mainly as a result of executed cost savings initiatives to streamline our workforce and reduce vendor spend.

Selling, general and administrative expense decreased $8.4 million to $17.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021, compared to the same period in 2020. The 2021 decrease was primarily attributable to significant cost cutting initiatives executed in year which included headcount reductions, reduced vendor spending and lower facility costs.

Restructuring charges were $0.7 million and $1.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively, which primarily related to employment termination costs as a result of the work-force reductions initiated in the current year to reduce operating costs and align our resources with our key strategic priorities.

Depreciation and amortization expense decreased $1.5 million to $9.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021, compared to the same period in 2020. The 2021 decrease was primarily attributable to the expiration of amortizable acquired assets in combination with reduced capital expenditures mainly as a result of the data center consolidation efforts, partially offset by the increased amortization of capitalized software.

Income tax. The Company recognized approximately $0.2 million and $12.4 million in related income tax benefit during the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The effective tax rate was approximately 1.3% for the three months ended March 31, 2021, which was lower than the U.S. federal statutory rate primarily due to pre-tax losses in jurisdictions where full valuation allowances have been recorded and in zero rate jurisdictions. The Company’s effective tax rate was approximately 78.8% for the three months ended March 31, 2020, which was higher than the U.S. federal statutory rate primarily due to the Company’s ability to recognize certain loss carrybacks as a result of the enactment of the Coronavirus Aid,
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Relief and Economic Security Act (“CARES Act”) in Q1 2020 and valuation allowances recorded in domestic and foreign jurisdictions, partially offset by the impact of permanent book-tax differences.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

As of March 31, 2021, our principal sources of liquidity were cash provided by operations and capital from our revolving credit facility. Our cash, cash equivalents, marketable securities and restricted cash balance was $29.8 million at March 31, 2021. We anticipate that our principal uses of cash and cash equivalents will be to fund our business, including technology expansion and working capital.

At March 31, 2021, our non-U.S. subsidiaries held approximately $7.3 million of cash and cash equivalents that are available for use by our operations around the world. At this time, we believe the funds held by all non-U.S. subsidiaries will be permanently reinvested outside of the U.S. However, if these funds were repatriated to the U.S. or used for U.S. operations, certain amounts could be subject to U.S. tax for the incremental amount in excess of the foreign tax paid. Due to the timing and circumstances of repatriation of these earnings, if any, it is not practical to determine the unrecognized deferred tax liability related to the amount.

We believe that our existing cash, cash equivalents, credit facility, and our ability to manage working capital and expected positive cash flows generated from operations in combination with continued expense reductions will be sufficient to fund our operations for the next twelve months from the filing date of this Form 10-Q based on our current business plans. However, as the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the economy and our operations evolves, we will continue to assess our liquidity needs. Given the economic uncertainty as a result of the pandemic, we have taken actions to improve our current liquidity position, including, reducing working capital, reducing operating costs and substantially reducing discretionary spending. Even with these actions however, an extended period of economic disruption as a result of the continued global impact of COVID-19 could materially affect our business, results of operations, ability to meet debt covenants, access to sources of liquidity and financial condition. Our liquidity plans are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties, including those described in the "Forward-Looking Statements" section of this MD&A and Part I, Item 1A. “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, some of which are outside of our control.

Revolving Credit Facility

In the first quarter of fiscal 2020, the Company drew the $10.0 million from our Revolving Credit Facility, which remains outstanding as of March 31, 2021. For further details, see Note 7. Debt of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 1 of this Form 10-Q.

Shelf Registration Statement

On August 19, 2020, the Company filed a universal shelf registration statement with the SEC for the issuance of common stock, preferred stock, debt securities, guarantees of debt securities, warrants and units up to an aggregate amount of $250.0 million (“the 2020 Shelf Registration Statement”). On August 28, 2020, the 2020 Shelf Registration Statement was declared effective by the SEC. As of March 31, 2021, the Company has not raised additional capital using the shelf registration statement.

Share Repurchase Program

There were no repurchases in 2021.

Shares of Preferred Stock

In accordance with the terms of the Share Purchase Agreement dated as of October 17, 2017 (the “PIPE Purchase Agreement”), with Silver Private Holdings I, LLC, an affiliate of Siris (“Silver”), on February 15, 2018, we issued to Silver 185,000 shares of our newly issued Series A Preferred Stock, par value $0.0001 per share, with an initial liquidation preference of $1,000 per share, in exchange for $97.7 million in cash and the transfer from Silver to us of the 5,994,667 shares of our common stock held by Silver (the “Preferred Transaction”). In connection with the issuance of the Series A Preferred Stock, we
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(i) filed the Series A Certificate and (ii) entered into an Investor Rights Agreement with Silver setting forth certain registration, governance and preemptive rights of Silver with respect to us (the “Investor Rights Agreement”). Pursuant to the PIPE Purchase Agreement, at the closing, we paid to Siris $5.0 million as a reimbursement of Silver’s reasonable costs and expenses incurred in connection with the Preferred Transaction.

Certificate of Designation of the Series A Preferred Stock

The rights, preferences, privileges, qualifications, restrictions and limitations of the shares of Series A Preferred Stock are set forth in the Series A Certificate. Under the Series A Certificate, the holders of the Series A Preferred Stock are entitled to receive Preferred Dividends. The Preferred Dividends are due on each Series A Dividend Payment Date. We may choose to pay the Preferred Dividends in cash or in additional shares of Series A Preferred Stock. In the event we do not declare and pay a dividend in-kind or in cash on any Series A Dividend Payment Date, the unpaid amount of the Preferred Dividend will be added to the Liquidation Preference. In addition, the Series A Preferred Stock participates in dividends declared and paid on shares of our common stock.

Each share of Series A Preferred Stock is convertible, at the option of the holder, into the number of shares of common stock equal to the “Conversion Price” (as that term is defined in the Series A Certificate) multiplied by the then applicable “Conversion Rate” (as that term is defined in the Series A Certificate). Each share of Series A Preferred Stock is initially convertible into 55.5556 shares of common stock, representing an initial “conversion price” of approximately $18.00 per share of common stock. The Conversion Rate is subject to equitable proportionate adjustment in the event of stock splits, recapitalizations and other events set forth in the Series A Certificate.

On and after February 15, 2023, holders of shares of Series A Preferred Stock have the right to cause the Company to redeem each share of Series A Preferred Stock for cash in an amount equal to the sum of the current liquidation preference and any accrued dividends. Each share of Series A Preferred Stock is also redeemable at the option of the holder upon the occurrence of a “Fundamental Change” (as that term is defined in the Series A Certificate) at a specified premium (“Liquidation Value”). In addition, the Company is also permitted to redeem all outstanding shares of the Series A Preferred Stock at any time (i) within the first 30 months of the date of issuance for the sum of the then-applicable Liquidation Preference, accrued but unpaid dividends and a make whole amount (known as “Redemption Value”) and (ii) following the 30-month anniversary of the date of issuance for the sum of the then-applicable Liquidation Preference and the accrued but unpaid dividends. As of March 31, 2021, the Liquidation Value and Redemption Value of the Preferred Shares was $243.1 million.

The holders of a majority of the Series A Preferred Stock, voting separately as a class, are entitled at each of our annual meetings of stockholders or at any special meeting called for the purpose of electing directors (or by written consent signed by the holders of a majority of the then-outstanding shares of Series A Preferred Stock in lieu of such a meeting): (i) to nominate and elect two members of our Board of Directors for so long as the Preferred Percentage (as defined in the Series A Certificate) is equal to or greater than 10%; and (ii) to nominate and elect one member of our Board of Directors for so long as the Preferred Percentage is equal to or greater than 5% but less than 10%.

For so long as the holders of shares of Series A Preferred Stock have the right to nominate at least one director, we are required to obtain the prior approval of Silver prior to taking certain actions, including: (i) certain dividends, repayments and redemptions; (ii) any amendment to our certificate of incorporation that adversely effects the rights, preferences, privileges or voting powers of the Series A Preferred Stock; (iii) issuances of stock ranking senior or equivalent to shares of Series A Preferred Stock (including additional shares of Series A Preferred Stock) in the priority of payment of dividends or in the distribution of assets upon any liquidation, dissolution or winding up of us; (iv) changes in the size of our Board of Directors; (v) any amendment, alteration, modification or repeal of the charter of our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee of the Board of Directors and related documents; and (vi) any change in our principal business or the entry into any line of business outside of our existing lines of businesses. In addition, in the event that we are in EBITDA Non-Compliance (as defined in the Series A Certificate) or the undertaking of certain actions would result in us exceeding a specified pro forma leverage ratio, then the prior approval of Silver would be required to incur indebtedness (or alter any debt document) in excess of $10.0 million, enter or consummate any transaction where the fair market value exceeds $5.0 million individually or $10.0 million in the aggregate in a fiscal year or authorize or commit to capital expenditures in excess of $25.0 million in a fiscal year.

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Each holder of Series A Preferred Stock has one vote per share on any matter on which holders of Series A Preferred Stock are entitled to vote separately as a class, whether at a meeting or by written consent. The holders of Series A Preferred Stock are permitted to take any action or consent to any action with respect to such rights without a meeting by delivering a consent in writing or electronic transmission of the holders of the Series A Preferred Stock entitled to cast not less than the minimum number of votes that would be necessary to authorize, take or consent to such action at a meeting of stockholders. In addition to any vote (or action taken by written consent) of the holders of the shares of Series A Preferred Stock as a separate class provided for in the Series A Certificate or by the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware, the holders of shares of the Series A Preferred Stock are entitled to vote with the holders of shares of common stock (and any other class or series that may similarly be entitled to vote on an as-converted basis with the holders of common stock) on all matters submitted to a vote or to the consent of the stockholders of the Company (including the election of directors) as one class.

Under the Series A Certificate, if Silver and certain of its affiliates have elected to effect a conversion of some or all of their shares of Series A Preferred Stock and if the sum, without duplication, of (i) the aggregate number of shares of our common stock issued to such holders upon such conversion and any shares of our common stock previously issued to such holders upon conversion of Series A Preferred Stock and then held by such holders, plus (ii) the number of shares of our common stock underlying shares of Series A Preferred Stock that would be held at such time by such holders (after giving effect to such conversion), would exceed the 19.9% of the issued and outstanding shares of our voting stock on an as converted basis (the “Conversion Cap”), then such holders would only be entitled to convert such number of shares as would result in the sum of clauses (i) and (ii) (after giving effect to such conversion) being equal to the Conversion Cap (after giving effect to any such limitation on conversion). Any shares of Series A Preferred Stock which a holder has elected to convert but which, by reason of the previous sentence, are not so converted, will be treated as if the holder had not made such election to convert and such shares of Series A Preferred Stock will remain outstanding. Also, under the Series A Certificate, if the sum, without duplication, of (i) the aggregate voting power of the shares previously issued to Silver and certain of its affiliates held by such holders at the record date, plus (ii) the aggregate voting power of the shares of Series A Preferred Stock held by such holders as of such record date, would exceed 19.99% of the total voting power of our outstanding voting stock at such record date, then, with respect to such shares, Silver and certain of its affiliates are only entitled to cast a number of votes equal to 19.99% of such total voting power. The limitation on conversion and voting ceases to apply upon receipt of the requisite approval of holders of our common stock under the applicable listing standards.

Investor Rights Agreement
Concurrently with the closing of the Preferred Transaction, Synchronoss and Silver entered into an Investor Rights Agreement. Under the terms of the Investor Rights Agreement, Silver and Synchronoss have agreed that, effective as of the closing of the Preferred Transaction, the Board of Directors of Synchronoss will consist of ten members. From and after the closing of the Preferred Transaction, so long as the holders of Series A Preferred Stock have the right to nominate a member to the Board of Directors pursuant to the Series A Certificate, the Board of Directors of Synchronoss will consist of (i) two directors nominated and elected by the holders of shares of Series A Preferred Stock; (ii) four directors who meet the independence criteria set forth in the applicable listing standards (each of whom will be initially agreed upon by Synchronoss and Silver); and (iii) four other directors, two of whom shall satisfy the independence criteria of the applicable listing standards and, as of the closing of the Preferred Transaction, one of whom shall be the individual then serving as chief executive officer of Synchronoss and one of whom shall be the current chairman of the Board of Directors of Synchronoss as of the date of execution of the Investors Rights Agreement. Following the closing of the Preferred Transaction, so long as the holders of Series A Preferred Stock have the right to nominate at least one director to the Board of Directors of Synchronoss pursuant to the Series A Certificate, Silver will have the right to designate two members of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee of the Board of Directors.

Pursuant to the terms of the Investor Rights Agreement, neither Silver nor its affiliates may transfer any shares of Series A Preferred Stock subject to certain exceptions (including transfers to affiliates that agree to be bound by the terms of the Investor Rights Agreement).

For so long as Silver has the right to appoint a director to the Board of Directors of Synchronoss, without the prior approval by a majority of directors voting who are not appointed by the holders of shares of Series A Preferred Stock, neither Silver nor its affiliates will directly or indirectly purchase or acquire any debt or equity securities of Synchronoss (including equity-linked derivative securities) if such purchase or acquisition would result in Silver’s Standstill Percentage (as defined in the Investor
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Rights Agreement) being in excess of 30%. However, the foregoing standstill restrictions would not prohibit the purchase of shares pursuant to the PIPE Purchase Agreement or the receipt of shares of Series A Preferred Stock issued as Preferred Dividends pursuant to the Series A Certificate, shares of Common Stock received upon conversion of shares of Series A Preferred Stock or receipt of any shares of Series A Preferred Stock, Common Stock or other securities of the Company otherwise paid as dividends or as an increase of the Liquidation Preference (as defined in the Series A Certificate) or distributions thereon. Silver will also have preemptive rights with respect to issuances of securities of Synchronoss in order to maintain its ownership percentage.

Under the terms of the Investor Rights Agreement, Silver will be entitled to (i) three demand registrations, with no more than two demand registrations in any single calendar year and provided that each demand registration must include at least 10% of the shares of Common Stock held by Silver, including shares of Common Stock issuable upon conversion of shares of Series A Preferred Stock and (ii) unlimited piggyback registration rights with respect to primary issuances and all other issuances.

Discussion of Cash Flows

A summary of net cash flows follows (in thousands):
Three Months Ended March 31,Change
202120202021 vs 2020
Net cash provided by (used in):
Operating activities$2,261 $(15,016)$17,277 
Investing activities(5,763)(2,823)(2,940)
Financing activities— 9,996 (9,996)

Our primary source of cash is receipts from revenue. The primary uses of cash are personnel and related costs, telecommunications and facility costs related primarily to our cost of revenue and general operating expenses including professional service fees, consulting fees, building and equipment maintenance and marketing expense.

Cash flows from operating activities for the three months ended March 31, 2021 was $2.3 million cash provided by operating activities, as compared to $15.0 million of cash used by operating activities for the same period in 2020. The increase in cash provided by operations from prior year is primarily attributable to favorable changes in working capital.

Cash flows from investing for the three months ended March 31, 2021 was $5.8 million cash used for investing, as compared to $2.8 million in cash used by investing activities during the same period in 2020. The cash used for investing in the current year was primarily related to the purchase of fixed assets and investment in capitalized software. The net decrease in cash used for investing in the prior year was primarily related to the investment in capitalized software offset by the sale of certain IP address assets.

Cash flows from financing for three months ended March 31, 2021 was $0.0 million of cash provided, as compared to $10.0 million of cash used by financing activities for the same period in 2020. The cash provided from investing activities in the prior year was attributable to the drawdown from our Revolving Credit Facility.

Effect of Inflation

Although inflation generally affects us by increasing our cost of labor and equipment, we do not believe that inflation has had any material effect on our results of operations during 2021 and 2020. We do not expect the current rate of inflation to have a material impact on our business.

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Contractual Obligations
Our contractual obligations consist of contingent consideration, office equipment and colocation services and contractual commitments under third-party hosting, software licenses and maintenance agreements. The following table summarizes our long-term contractual obligations as of March 31, 2021 (in thousands).

Payments Due by Period
Total20212022-20242025-2026Thereafter
Capital lease obligations$472 $126 $346 $— $— 
Revolving Credit Facility$— $— $— $— $— 
Interest— — — — — 
Operating lease obligations64,327 9,552 27,962 16,264 10,549 
Purchase obligations*61,969 9,909 42,361 9,699 — 
Total$126,768 $19,587 $70,669 $25,963 $10,549 
_______________________________
*    Amount represents obligations associated with colocation agreements and other customer delivery related purchase obligations.

Uncertain Tax Positions

Unrecognized tax positions were $3.3 million at March 31, 2021. We are not able to reasonably estimate when we would make any cash payments required to settle these liabilities, but we do not believe that the ultimate settlement of our obligations will materially affect our liquidity. We anticipate that the balance of unrecognized tax benefits will decrease by approximately $1.4 million over the next twelve months.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

Our condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes have been prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. The preparation of these condensed consolidated financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP requires us to utilize accounting policies and make certain estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingencies as of the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during a fiscal period. The SEC considers an accounting policy to be critical if it is important to a company’s financial condition and results of operations, and if it requires significant judgment and estimates on the part of management in its application.

These estimates and assumptions take into account historical and forward looking factors that the Company believes are reasonable, including but not limited to the potential impacts continuing to arise from COVID-19 and public and private sector policies and initiatives aimed at reducing its transmission. As the extent and duration of the impacts from COVID-19 remain unclear, the Company’s estimates and assumptions may evolve as conditions change. Actual results could differ significantly from those estimates. If actual results or events differ materially from those contemplated by us in making these estimates, our reported financial condition and results of operations for future periods could be materially affected. See Part II, “Item 1A. Risk Factors” in this Form 10-Q for certain matters bearing risks on our future results of operations.

During the three months ended March 31, 2021, there were no significant changes in our critical accounting policies and estimates discussed in our Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020. Please refer to Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations contained in Part II, Item 7 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 for a more complete discussion of our critical accounting policies and estimates.

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Recently Issued Accounting Standards

For a discussion of recently issued accounting standards see Note 2. Basis of Presentation and Consolidation included in Part I, Item 1. “Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)” of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.


Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We had no off-balance sheet arrangements as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 that have, or are reasonably likely to have, a current or future effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources that are material to investors.


ITEM 3.  QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

Market Risk

The following discussion about market risk disclosures involves forward-looking statements. Actual results could differ materially from those projected in the forward-looking statements. We deposit our excess cash in what we believe are high-quality financial instruments, primarily money market funds and certificates of deposit and, we may be exposed to market risks related to changes in interest rates. We do not actively manage the risk of interest rate fluctuations on our marketable securities; however, such risk is mitigated by the relatively short-term nature of these investments. These investments are denominated in United States dollars.

The primary objective of our investment activities is to preserve our capital for the purpose of funding operations, while at the same time maximizing the income, we receive from our investments without significantly increasing risk. To achieve these objectives, our investment policy allows us to maintain a portfolio of cash equivalents and short- and long-term investments in a variety of securities, which could include commercial paper, money market funds and corporate and government debt securities. Our cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 were invested in liquid money market accounts, certificates of deposit and government securities. All market-risk sensitive instruments were entered into for non-trading purposes.

Foreign Currency Exchange Risk

We are exposed to translation risk because certain of our foreign operations utilize the local currency as their functional currency and those financial results must be translated into U.S. dollars. As currency exchange rates fluctuate, translation of the financial statements of foreign businesses into U.S. dollars affects the comparability of financial results between years.

We do not hold any derivative instruments and do not engage in any hedging activities. Although our reporting currency is the U.S. dollar, we may conduct business and incur costs in the local currencies of other countries in which we may operate, make sales and buy materials and services. As a result, we are subject to foreign currency transaction risk. Further, changes in exchange rates between foreign currencies and the U.S. dollar could affect our future net sales, cost of sales and expenses and could result in foreign currency transaction gains or losses.

We cannot accurately predict future exchange rates or the overall impact of future exchange rate fluctuations on our business, results of operations and financial condition. To the extent that our international activities recorded in local currencies increase in the future, our exposure to fluctuations in currency exchange rates will correspondingly increase and hedging activities may be considered if appropriate.

Interest Rate Risk

We are exposed to the risk of interest rate fluctuations on the interest income earned on our cash and cash equivalents. A hypothetical 100 basis point movement in interest rates applicable to our cash and cash equivalents outstanding at March 31, 2021 would increase interest income by approximately $0.3 million on an annual basis.
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ITEM 4.  CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

Our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934), as of the end of the period covered by this quarterly report, that ensure that information relating to the registrant which is required to be disclosed in this report is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within required time periods using the criteria for effective internal control established in Internal Control-Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission in 2013. Based on this evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have concluded that the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of March 31, 2021.

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting identified in management's evaluation pursuant to Rules 13a-15(d) or 15d-15(d) of the Exchange Act during the period covered by this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q that materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

Limitations on Effectiveness of Controls and Procedures

In designing and evaluating the disclosure controls and procedures and internal control over financial reporting, management recognizes that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving the desired control objectives. In addition, the design of disclosure controls and procedures and internal control over financial reporting must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints and that management is required to apply judgment in evaluating the benefits of possible controls and procedures relative to their costs.
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PART II – OTHER INFORMATION

ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

For a discussion of our material pending legal proceedings that could impact our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows see Note 13. Commitments, Contingencies and Other included in Part I, Item 1. “Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)” of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

There have been no material changes to our risk factors as previously disclosed in Part I, Item 1A. included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.


ITEM 2.  UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

None.

ITEM 3.  DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES

None.

ITEM 4.  MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

Not Applicable.

ITEM 5. OTHER INFORMATION
None.

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ITEM 6.  EXHIBITS
Exhibit No.Description
3.1 
3.2 
3.3 
10.1†
10.2†
31.1 
31.2 
32.1 
32.2 
101.INSXBRL Instance Document
101.SCHXBRL Schema Document
101.CALXBRL Calculation Linkbase Document
101.DEFXBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase
101.LABXBRL Labels Linkbase Document
101.PREXBRL Presentation Linkbase Document

__________________________________________________________
† Compensation Arrangement.

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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has caused this Report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
Synchronoss Technologies, Inc.
/s/ Jeff Miller
Jeff Miller
Chief Executive Officer
(Principal Executive Officer)
/s/ David Clark
David Clark
Chief Financial Officer

May 10, 2021
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