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GLAD Gladstone Capital

Filed: 4 May 21, 4:08pm

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

 

(Mark one):

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED MARCH 31, 2021

OR

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM ______ TO _______

COMMISSION FILE NUMBER: 814-00237

 

 

GLADSTONE CAPITAL CORPORATION

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

MARYLAND 54-2040781

(State or other jurisdiction

of incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

1521 WESTBRANCH DRIVE, SUITE 100 
MCLEAN, VIRGINIA 22102
(Address of principal executive office) (Zip Code)
 

(703) 287-5800

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Not Applicable

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

 

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of Each Class

 

Trading Symbol(s)

 

Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered

Common Stock, $0.001 par value per share GLAD The Nasdaq Global Stock Market LLC
5.375% Notes due 2024, $25.00 par value per note GLADL The Nasdaq Global Stock Market LLC

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ☒    No  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  ☐    No  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer   Accelerated filer 
Non-accelerated filer   Smaller reporting company 
Emerging growth company    

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.    ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐ No ☒

The number of shares of the issuer’s common stock, $0.001 par value per share, outstanding as of May 3, 2021 was 33,649,119.

 

 

 



GLADSTONE CAPITAL CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF ASSETS AND LIABILITIES

(DOLLAR AMOUNTS IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT PER SHARE AMOUNTS)

(UNAUDITED)

 

   March 31,
2021
  September 30,
2020
 

ASSETS

   

Investments, at fair value:

   

Non-Control/Non-Affiliate investments (Cost of $435,844 and $427,798, respectively)

  $430,943  $401,047 

Affiliate investments (Cost of $48,322 and $38,322, respectively)

   43,808   33,179 

Control investments (Cost of $28,344 and $28,527, respectively)

   18,016   16,174 

Cash and cash equivalents

   4,953   2,420 

Restricted cash and cash equivalents

   121   49 

Interest receivable, net

   2,581   3,001 

Due from administrative agent

   2,686   2,103 

Deferred financing costs, net

   262   372 

Other assets, net

   849   832 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

TOTAL ASSETS

  $504,219  $459,177 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

LIABILITIES

   

Borrowings, at fair value (Cost of $41,200 and $128,000, respectively)

  $41,190  $127,650 

Notes payable, net of unamortized deferred financing costs of $2,476 and $2,428, respectively

   186,337   93,885 

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

   810   377 

Interest payable

   2,159   1,181 

Fees due to Adviser(A)

   1,542   1,686 

Fee due to Administrator(A)

   496   329 

Other liabilities

   797   326 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

TOTAL LIABILITIES

  $233,331  $225,434 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Commitments and contingencies(B)

   

NET ASSETS

   

Common stock, $0.001 par value per share, 44,560,000 and 44,560,000 shares authorized, respectively, and 33,396,426 and 31,566,850 shares issued and outstanding, respectively

  $33  $32 

Capital in excess of par value

   382,480   367,125 

Cumulative net unrealized depreciation of investments

   (19,743  (44,247

Cumulative net unrealized appreciation of other

   10   350 

Over distributed net investment income

   (74  (39

Accumulated net realized losses

   (91,818  (89,478
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total distributable loss

   (111,625  (133,414
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

TOTAL NET ASSETS

  $270,888  $233,743 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

NET ASSET VALUE PER COMMON SHARE

  $8.11  $7.40 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

 

(A) 

Refer to Note 4—Related Party Transactions in the accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.

(B)

Refer to Note 10—Commitments and Contingencies in the accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.

 

 

THE ACCOMPANYING NOTES ARE AN INTEGRAL PART OF THESE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.

 

2


GLADSTONE CAPITAL CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(DOLLAR AMOUNTS IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT PER SHARE AMOUNTS)

(UNAUDITED)

 

   Three Months Ended
March 31,
  Six Months Ended
March 31,
 
   2021  2020  2021  2020 

INVESTMENT INCOME

     

Interest income

     

Non-Control/Non-Affiliate investments

  $9,967  $9,023  $20,189  $18,671 

Affiliate investments

   1,064   1,146   1,974   2,192 

Control investments

   410   413   825   835 

Cash and cash equivalents

   —     8   —     16 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total interest income (excluding PIK interest income)

   11,441   10,590   22,988   21,714 

PIK interest income

     

Non-Control/Non-Affiliate investments

   445   412   980   744 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total PIK interest income

   445   412   980   744 

Total interest income

   11,886   11,002   23,968   22,458 

Success fee income

     

Non-Control/Non-Affiliate investments

   —     350   —     350 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total success fee income

   —     350   —     350 

Dividend income

     

Non-Control/Non-Affiliate investments

   209   2   575   166 

Control investments

   30   24   252   210 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total dividend income

   239   26   827   376 

Prepayment fee income

     

Non-Control/Non-Affiliate investments

   700   —     900   90 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total prepayment fee income

   700   —     900   90 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Other income

   60   114   72   377 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total investment income

   12,885   11,492   25,767   23,651 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

EXPENSES

     

Base management fee(A)

   2,095   1,840   4,097   3,692 

Loan servicing fee(A)

   1,396   1,443   2,744   2,846 

Incentive fee(A)

   1,381   1,227   2,748   2,621 

Administration fee(A)

   332   358   687   729 

Interest expense on borrowings and notes payable

   2,822   2,582   5,390   5,119 

Amortization of deferred financing costs

   338   363   756   724 

Professional fees

   160   267   378   452 

Other general and administrative expenses

   238   313   562   668 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Expenses, before credits from Adviser

   8,762   8,393   17,362   16,851 

Credit to base management fee - loan servicing fee(A)

   (1,396  (1,443  (2,744  (2,846

Credits to fees from Adviser - other(A)

   (880  (2,005  (1,530  (3,318
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total expenses, net of credits

   6,486   4,945   13,088   10,687 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

NET INVESTMENT INCOME

   6,399   6,547   12,679   12,964 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

NET REALIZED AND UNREALIZED GAIN (LOSS)

     

Net realized gain (loss):

     

Non-Control/Non-Affiliate investments

   63   (3,070  (2,080  (7,504

Control investments

   —     —     (1  —   

Other

   (1,152  —     (1,160  (1,407
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total net realized gain (loss)

   (1,089  (3,070  (3,241  (8,911

Net unrealized appreciation (depreciation):

     

Non-Control/Non-Affiliate investments

   13,963   (25,988  21,850   (23,246

Affiliate investments

   724   (4,265  629   (4,405

Control investments

   1,322   (1,183  2,025   (3,646

Other

   (20  184   (340  167 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total net unrealized appreciation (depreciation)

   15,989   (31,252  24,164   (31,130
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Net realized and unrealized gain (loss)

   14,900   (34,322  20,923   (40,041
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

NET INCREASE (DECREASE) IN NET ASSETS RESULTING FROM OPERATIONS

  $21,299  $(27,775 $33,602  $(27,077
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

THE ACCOMPANYING NOTES ARE AN INTEGRAL PART OF THESE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.

 

3


GLADSTONE CAPITAL CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (Continued)

(DOLLAR AMOUNTS IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT PER SHARE AMOUNTS)

(UNAUDITED)

 

BASIC AND DILUTED PER COMMON SHARE:

       

Net investment income

  $0.20   $0.21  $0.39   $0.42 
  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net increase (decrease) in net assets resulting from operations

  $0.65   $(0.89 $1.03   $(0.87
  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

 

WEIGHTED AVERAGE SHARES OF COMMON STOCK OUTSTANDING: Basic and Diluted

   32,765,980    31,145,484   32,428,089    30,827,780 

 

(A) 

Refer to Note 4—Related Party Transactions in the accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.

 

4


GLADSTONE CAPITAL CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN NET ASSETS

(IN THOUSANDS)

(UNAUDITED)

 

   2021  2020 

NET ASSETS, SEPTEMBER 30

  $233,743  $249,330 

OPERATIONS

   

Net investment income

   6,280   6,417 

Net realized gain (loss) on investments

   (2,144  (4,434

Realized gain (loss) on other

   (8  (1,407

Net unrealized appreciation (depreciation) of investments

   8,495   139 

Net unrealized depreciation (appreciation) of other

   (320  (17
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Net increase (decrease) in net assets resulting from operations

   12,303   698 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

DISTRIBUTIONS

   

Distributions to common stockholders from net investment income ($0.19 per share and $0.21 per share, respectively)(A)

   (6,100  (6,417

Distributions to common stockholders from return of capital ($0.01 per share and $0.00 per share, respectively)(A)

   (180  —   
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Net decrease in net assets from distributions

   (6,280  (6,417
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

CAPITAL TRANSACTIONS

   

Issuance of common stock

   7,491   7,315 

Discounts, commissions and offering costs for issuance of common stock

   (140  (137
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Net increase (decrease) in net assets resulting from capital transactions

   7,351   7,178 

NET INCREASE (DECREASE) IN NET ASSETS

   13,374   1,459 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

NET ASSETS, DECEMBER 31

  $247,117  $250,789 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

OPERATIONS

   

Net investment income

   6,399   6,547 

Net realized gain (loss) on investments

   63   (3,070

Realized gain (loss) on other

   (1,152  —   

Net unrealized appreciation (depreciation) of investments

   16,009   (31,436

Net unrealized depreciation (appreciation) of other

   (20)   184 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Net increase (decrease) in net assets resulting from operations

   21,299   (27,775
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

DISTRIBUTIONS

   

Distributions to common stockholders from net investment income ($0.18 per share and $0.21 per share, respectively)(A)

   (5,714  (6,547

Distributions to common stockholders from return of capital ($0.02 per share and $0.00 per share, respectively)(A)

   (685  —   
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Net decrease in net assets from distributions

   (6,399  (6,547
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

CAPITAL TRANSACTIONS

   

Issuance of common stock

   9,037   1,482 

Discounts, commissions and offering costs for issuance of common stock

   (166  (26
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Net increase (decrease) in net assets resulting from capital transactions

   8,871   1,456 

NET INCREASE (DECREASE) IN NET ASSETS

   23,771   (32,866
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

NET ASSETS, MARCH 31

  $270,888  $217,923 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

 

(A)

Refer to Note 9 – Distributions to Common Stockholders in the accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.

THE ACCOMPANYING NOTES ARE AN INTEGRAL PART OF THESE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.

 

5


GLADSTONE CAPITAL CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(IN THOUSANDS)

(UNAUDITED)

 

   Six Months Ended March 31, 
   2021  2020 

CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES

   

Net increase (decrease) in net assets resulting from operations

  $33,602  $(27,077

Adjustments to reconcile net increase (decrease) in net assets resulting from operations to net cash provided by (used) in operating activities:

   

Purchase of investments

   (101,098  (72,327

Principal repayments on investments

   78,456   36,103 

Net proceeds from sale of investments

   3,690   2,933 

Increase in investments due to PIK interest

   (1,081  (711

Net change in premiums, discounts and amortization

   181   (251

Net realized loss (gain) on investments

   2,081   7,515 

Net realized loss (gain) on other

   1,160   1,407 

Net unrealized depreciation (appreciation) of investments

   (24,504  31,297 

Net unrealized appreciation (depreciation) of other

   340   (167

Changes in assets and liabilities:

   

Amortization of deferred financing fees

   756   724 

Decrease (increase) in interest receivable, net

   420   (819

Decrease (increase) in funds due from administrative agent

   (583  1,878 

Decrease (increase) in other assets, net

   (76  (76

Increase (decrease) in accounts payable and accrued expenses

   433   (165

Increase (decrease) in interest payable

   978   360 

Increase (decrease) in fees due to Adviser(A)

   (144  (1,473

Increase (decrease) in fee due to Administrator(A)

   167   185 

Increase (decrease) in other liabilities

   471   46 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

   (4,751  (20,618
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES

   

Proceeds from line of credit

   157,600   117,200 

Repayments on line of credit

   (244,400  (92,000

Redemption of preferred stock

   —     (51,750

Proceeds from issuance of long term debt

   150,000   38,813 

Redemption of long term debt

   (57,500  —   

Financing fees

   (1,946  (1,461

Proceeds from issuance of common stock

   16,528   8,797 

Discounts, commissions and offering costs for issuance of common stock

   (247  (132

Distributions paid to common stockholders

   (12,679  (12,964
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

   7,356   6,503 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

NET INCREASE (DECREASE) IN CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS, RESTRICTED CASH, AND RESTRICTED CASH EQUIVALENTS

   2,605   (14,115

CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS, RESTRICTED CASH, AND RESTRICTED CASH EQUIVALENTS, BEGINNING OF PERIOD

   2,469   15,748 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS, RESTRICTED CASH, AND RESTRICTED CASH EQUIVALENTS, END OF PERIOD

  $5,074  $1,633 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

CASH PAID FOR INTEREST

  $4,412  $4,759 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

 

(A)

Refer to Note 4—Related Party Transactions in the accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.

THE ACCOMPANYING NOTES ARE AN INTEGRAL PART OF THESE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.

 

6


GLADSTONE CAPITAL CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED SCHEDULE OF INVESTMENTS

MARCH 31, 2021

(UNAUDITED)

(DOLLAR AMOUNTS IN THOUSANDS)

 

Company and Investment(A)(B)(W)(Y)

  Principal/
Shares/
Units(J)(X)
   Cost   Fair Value 

NON-CONTROL/NON-AFFILIATE INVESTMENTS(M) – 159.1%

      

Secured First Lien Debt – 93.1%

      

Aerospace and Defense – 20.6%

      

Antenna Research Associates, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 10.0%, 12.0% Cash, 4.0% PIK, Due 11/2023)(E)

  $11,846   $11,846   $11,846 

Ohio Armor Holdings, LLC – Line of Credit, $5,000 available (L + 8.0%, 9.0% Cash, Due 2/2026)(C)

   —      —      —   

Ohio Armor Holdings, LLC – Term Debt (L + 8.0%, 9.0% Cash, Due 2/2026)(C)

   23,500    23,500    23,500 

SpaceCo Holdings, LLC – Line of Credit, $1,500 available (L + 6.5%, 7.5% Cash, Due 12/2025)(C)

   500    500    500 

SpaceCo Holdings, LLC – Term Debt (L + 6.5%, 7.5% Cash, Due 12/2025)(C)

   19,875    19,673    19,875 
    

 

 

   

 

 

 
     55,519    55,721 

Beverage, Food, and Tobacco – 9.6%

      

Café Zupas – Line of Credit, $4,000 available (L + 7.4%, 8.9% Cash, Due 12/2024)(C)

   —      —      —   

Café Zupas – Delayed Draw Term Loan, $3,030 available (L + 7.4%, 8.9% Cash, Due 12/2024)(C)

   1,970    1,970    1,965 

Café Zupas – Term Debt (L + 7.4%, 8.9% Cash, Due 12/2024)(C)

   24,000    24,000    23,940 
    

 

 

   

 

 

 
     25,970    25,905 

Buildings and Real Estate – 0.6%

      

GFRC 360, LLC – Line of Credit, $500 available (L + 8.0%, 9.0% Cash, Due 9/2021)(C)

   700    700    691 

GFRC 360, LLC – Term Debt (L + 8.0%, 9.0% Cash, Due 9/2021)(C)

   1,000    1,000    988 
    

 

 

   

 

 

 
     1,700    1,679 

Diversified/Conglomerate Service – 25.0%

      

DKI Ventures, LLC – Line of Credit, $2,500 available (L + 8.3%, 9.3% Cash, 2.0% PIK, Due 12/2021)(C)

   —      —      —   

DKI Ventures, LLC – Term Debt (L + 8.3%, 9.3% Cash, 2.0% PIK, Due 12/2023)(C)

   5,681    5,662    4,829 

ENET Holdings, LLC – Term Debt (L + 8.8%, 10.2% Cash, Due 12/2022)(C)

   1,000    1,000    770 

ENET Holdings, LLC – Term Debt (L + 8.8%, 10.2% Cash, Due 4/2025)(C)

   29,000    29,000    22,330 

MCG Energy Solutions, LLC – Line of Credit, $3,000 available (L + 7.5%, 8.5% Cash, Due 3/2026)(C)

   —      —      —   

MCG Energy Solutions, LLC – Term Debt (L + 7.5%, 8.5% Cash, 1.5% PIK, Due 3/2026)(C)

   20,000    20,000    20,000 

MCG Energy Solutions, LLC – Delayed Draw Term Loan, $3,000 available (L + 7.5%, 8.5% Cash, 1.5% PIK, Due 3/2026)(C)

   —      —      —   

R2i Holdings, LLC – Line of Credit, $1,171 available (8.0% Cash, Due 12/2021)(C)(F)

   829    829    806 

R2i Holdings, LLC – Term Debt (8.0% Cash, Due 12/2023)(C)(F)

   19,500    19,500    18,964 
    

 

 

   

 

 

 
     75,991    67,699 

Healthcare, Education, and Childcare – 25.1%

      

ALS Education, LLC – Line of Credit, $4,000 available (L + 7.5%, 9.0% Cash, Due 5/2025)(C)

   —      —      —   

ALS Education, LLC – Term Debt (L + 7.5%, 9.0% Cash, Due 5/2025)(C)

   21,010    21,010    21,063 

Effective School Solutions LLC – Line of Credit, $2,000 available (L + 7.8%, 8.8% Cash, Due 12/2025)(C)

   —      —      —   

Effective School Solutions LLC – Term Debt (L + 7.8%, 8.8% Cash, Due 12/2025)(C)

   19,000    19,000    18,976 

Effective School Solutions LLC – Delayed Draw Term Loan, $3,200 available (L + 7.8%, 8.8% Cash, Due 12/2025)(C)

   —      —      —   

EL Academies, Inc. – Delayed Draw Term Loan, $0 available (L + 8.0%, 9.0% Cash, Due 8/2022)(C)

   16,000    15,990    15,960 

EL Academies, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 8.0%, 9.0% Cash, Due 8/2022)(C)

   12,000    11,987    11,970 
    

 

 

   

 

 

 
     67,987    67,969 

Machinery – 2.2%

      

Arc Drilling Holdings LLC – Line of Credit, $875 available (L + 8.0%, 9.3% Cash, Due 11/2022)(C)

   125    125    122 

Arc Drilling Holdings LLC – Term Debt (L + 9.5%, 10.8% Cash, 3.0% PIK, Due 11/2022)(C)

   5,885    5,885    5,715 

Precision International, LLC – Line of Credit, $500 available (L + 7.5%, 8.5% Cash, Due 9/2021)(C)

   —      —      —   

Precision International, LLC – Term Debt (10.0% Cash, Due 9/2021)(C)(F)

   286    286    283 
    

 

 

   

 

 

 
     6,296    6,120 

Printing and Publishing – 0.0%

      

Chinese Yellow Pages Company – Line of Credit, $0 available (PRIME + 4.0%, 7.3% Cash, Due 2/2015)(E)(V)

   107    107    —   

Telecommunications – 10.0%

      

B+T Group Acquisition, Inc.(S) – Line of Credit, $0 available (L + 11.0%, 13.0% Cash, Due 12/2021)(C)(H)

   1,200    1,200    1,113 

B+T Group Acquisition, Inc.(S) – Term Debt (L + 11.0%, 13.0% Cash, Due 12/2021)(C)(H)

   6,000    6,000    5,565 

NetFortris Corp. – Term Debt (L + 9.0%, 9.5% Cash, 2.0% PIK, Due 4/2021)(C)

   23,312    23,312    20,398 
    

 

 

   

 

 

 
     30,512    27,076 
    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Secured First Lien Debt

    $264,082   $252,169 
    

 

 

   

 

 

 

THE ACCOMPANYING NOTES ARE AN INTEGRAL PART OF THESE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.

 

7


GLADSTONE CAPITAL CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED SCHEDULE OF INVESTMENTS

MARCH 31, 2021

(UNAUDITED)

(DOLLAR AMOUNTS IN THOUSANDS)

 

Company and Investment(A)(B)(W)(Y)

  Principal/
Shares/
Units(J)(X)
   Cost   Fair Value 

Secured Second Lien Debt – 48.7%

      

Automobile – 3.6%

      

Sea Link International IRB, Inc. – Term Debt (11.3% Cash, 2.0% PIK, Due 3/2023)(C)(F)

  $10,783   $10,783   $9,758 

Beverage, Food, and Tobacco – 1.3%

      

8th Avenue Food & Provisions, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 7.8%, 7.9% Cash, Due 10/2026)(D)

   3,682    3,702    3,636 

Cargo Transportation – 11.5%

      

AG Transportation Holdings, LLC – Term Debt (L + 10.0%, 13.3% Cash, Due 12/2021)(Q)

   13,000    12,983    13,184 

American Trailer Rental Group LLC – Term Debt (L + 8.9%, 10.4% Cash, Due 8/2025)(C)

   18,000    18,000    18,090 
    

 

 

   

 

 

 
     30,983    31,274 

Chemicals, Plastics, and Rubber – 3.7%

      

Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils, LLC – Term Debt (L + 10.3%, 11.3% Cash, Due 5/2024)(C)

   10,012    9,982    10,012 

Diversified/Conglomerate Manufacturing – 1.6%

      

Tailwind Smith Cooper Intermediate Corporation – Term Debt (L + 9.0%, 9.1% Cash, Due 5/2027)(D)

   5,000    4,789    4,234 

Diversified/Conglomerate Service – 12.1%

      

CHA Holdings, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 8.8%, 9.8% Cash, Due 4/2026)(D)(U)

   3,000    2,956    2,700 

Drive Chassis Holdco, LLC – Term Debt (L + 8.3%, 8.4% Cash, Due 4/2026)(D)

   5,000    4,801    5,062 

Gray Matter Systems, LLC – Term Debt (12.0% Cash, Due 12/2026)(C)(F)

   8,100    8,061    8,070 

Keystone Acquisition Corp. – Term Debt (L + 9.3%, 10.3% Cash, Due 5/2025)(D)(U)

   4,000    3,950    3,700 

Prophet Brand Strategy – Delayed Draw Term Loan, $5,000 available (L + 8.5%, 10.5% Cash, Due 2/2025)(C)

   —      —      —   

Prophet Brand Strategy – Term Debt (L + 8.5%, 10.5% Cash, Due 2/2025)(C)

   13,000    13,000    13,130 
    

 

 

   

 

 

 
     32,768    32,662 

Healthcare, Education, and Childcare – 2.1%

      

Medical Solutions Holdings, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 8.4%, 9.4% Cash, Due 6/2025)(D)

   3,000    2,972    2,850 

Medical Solutions Holdings, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 8.8%, 9.8% Cash, Due 6/2025)(D)

   3,000    2,952    2,850 
    

 

 

   

 

 

 
     5,924    5,700 

Home and Office Furnishings, Housewares and Durable Consumer Products – 3.6%

      

Belnick, Inc. – Term Debt (11.0% Cash, Due 8/2023)(C)(F)

   10,000    10,000    9,850 

Machinery – 0.4%

      

CPM Holdings, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 8.3%, 8.4% Cash, Due 11/2026)(D)

   1,000    1,000    980 

Oil and Gas – 8.8%

      

Imperative Holdings Corporation – Term Debt (L + 10.3%, 12.3% Cash, 1.8% PIK, Due 9/2022)(C)

   27,827    27,827    23,862 
    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Secured Second Lien Debt

    $137,758   $131,968 
    

 

 

   

 

 

 

THE ACCOMPANYING NOTES ARE AN INTEGRAL PART OF THESE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.

 

8


GLADSTONE CAPITAL CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED SCHEDULE OF INVESTMENTS

MARCH 31, 2021

(UNAUDITED)

(DOLLAR AMOUNTS IN THOUSANDS)

 

Company and Investment(A)(B)(W)(Y)

  Principal/
Shares/
Units(J)(X)
  Cost   Fair Value 

Unsecured Debt – 0.0%

     

Diversified/Conglomerate Service – 0.0%

     

Frontier Financial Group Inc. – Convertible Debt (6.0%, Due 6/2022)(E)(F)

  $198  $198   $13 

Preferred Equity – 4.2%

     

Automobile – 0.0%

     

Sea Link International IRB, Inc. – Preferred Stock(E)(G)

   98,039   98    116 

Beverage, Food, and Tobacco – 0.0%

     

Triple H Food Processors, LLC – Preferred Stock(E)(G)

   75   75    90 

Buildings and Real Estate – 0.4%

     

GFRC 360, LLC – Preferred Stock(E)(G)

   1,000   1,025    1,153 

Diversified/Conglomerate Service – 2.6%

     

Frontier Financial Group Inc. – Preferred Stock(E)(G)

   766   500    —   

Frontier Financial Group Inc. – Preferred Stock Warrant(E)(G)

   168   —      —   

MCG Energy Solutions, LLC – Preferred Stock (10.0% PIK)(E)

   7,000,000   7,000    7,000 
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
    7,500    7,000 

Oil and Gas – 0.3%

     

FES Resources Holdings LLC – Preferred Equity Units(E)(G)

   6,350   6,350    —   

Imperative Holdings Corporation – Preferred Equity Units(E)(G)

   13,740   632    870 
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
    6,982    870 

Telecommunications – 0.9%

     

B+T Group Acquisition, Inc.(S) – Preferred Stock(E)(G)

   6,130   2,024    —   

NetFortris Corp. – Preferred Stock(E)(G)

   7,890,860   789    2,074 
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
    2,813    2,074 
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Preferred Equity

   $18,493   $11,303 
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Common Equity – 13.1%

     

Aerospace and Defense – 3.4%

     

Antenna Research Associates, Inc. – Common Equity Units(E)(G)

   4,283  $4,283   $8,153 

Ohio Armor Holdings, LLC – Common Equity(E)(G)

   1,000   1,000    1,000 
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
    5,283    9,153 

Automobile– 0.2%

     

Sea Link International IRB, Inc.– Common Equity Units(E)(G)

   823,333   823    582 

Beverage, Food, and Tobacco – 0.4%

     

Triple H Food Processors, LLC – Common Stock(E)(G)

   250,000   250    1,087 

Buildings and Real Estate – 0.0%

     

GFRC 360, LLC – Common Stock Warrants(E)(G)

   45.0  —      —   

Cargo Transportation – 4.2%

     

AG Transportation Holdings, LLC – Member Profit Participation(Q)

   27.0  1,350    7,850 

AG Transportation Holdings, LLC – Profit Participation Warrants(Q)

   5.0  244    1,477 

American Trailer Rental Group LLC – Common Stock(E)(G)

   6,667   1,000    1,952 
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
    2,594    11,279 

Healthcare, Education, and Childcare – 2.0%

     

GSM MidCo LLC – Common Stock(E)(G)

   767   767    880 

Leeds Novamark Capital I, L.P. – Limited Partnership Interest ($843 uncalled capital commitment)(G)(L)(R)

   3.5  1,499    4,629 
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
    2,266    5,509 

Machinery – 0.2%

     

Arc Drilling Holdings LLC – Common Stock(E)(G)

   15,000   1,500    218 

Precision International, LLC – Membership Unit Warrant(E)(G)

   33.3  —      307 
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
    1,500    525 

THE ACCOMPANYING NOTES ARE AN INTEGRAL PART OF THESE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.

 

9


GLADSTONE CAPITAL CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED SCHEDULE OF INVESTMENTS

MARCH 31, 2021

(UNAUDITED)

(DOLLAR AMOUNTS IN THOUSANDS)

 

Company and Investment(A)(B)(W)(Y)

  Principal/
Shares/
Units(J)(X)
  Cost   Fair Value 

Oil and Gas – 0.1%

     

FES Resources Holdings LLC – Common Equity Units(E)(G)

   6,233   —      —   

Total Safety Holdings, LLC – Common Equity(E)(G)

   435   499    311 
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
    499    311 

Personal and Non-Durable Consumer Products (Manufacturing Only) – 0.0%

     

Funko Acquisition Holdings, LLC(S) – Common Units(G)(T)

   7,178   35    96 

Telecommunications – 0.0%

     

B+T Group Acquisition, Inc.(S) – Common Stock Warrant(E)(G)

   1.5  —      —   

NetFortris Corp. – Common Stock Warrant(E)(G)

   1   1    —   
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
    1    —   

Textiles and Leather – 2.6%

     

Targus Cayman HoldCo, Ltd. – Common Stock(E)(G)

   3,076,414   2,062    6,948 
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Common Equity

   $15,313   $35,490 
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Non-Control/Non-Affiliate Investments

   $435,844   $430,943 
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

AFFILIATE INVESTMENTS(N) – 16.2%

     

Secured First Lien Debt – 6.2%

     

Diversified/Conglomerate Manufacturing – 3.3%

     

Edge Adhesives Holdings, Inc. (S) – Line of Credit, $0 available (L + 8.0%, 10.0% Cash, Due 9/2021)(C)

  $680  $680   $670 

Edge Adhesives Holdings, Inc. (S) – Term Debt (L + 10.5%, 12.5% Cash, Due 2/2022)(C)

   6,200   6,200    6,107 

Edge Adhesives Holdings, Inc. (S) – Term Debt (L + 11.8%, 13.8% Cash, Due 2/2022)(C)

   2,000   2,000    1,970 
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
    8,880    8,747 

Diversified/Conglomerate Service – 2.9%

     

Encore Dredging Holdings, LLC – Line of Credit, $3,000 available (L + 8.0%, 9.0% Cash, Due 12/2025)(C)

   —     —      —   

Encore Dredging Holdings, LLC – Term Debt (L + 8.0%, 9.0% Cash, Due 12/2025)(C)

   8,000   8,000    7,960 
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
    8,000    7,960 
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Secured First Lien Debt

   $16,880   $16,707 
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Secured Second Lien Debt – 7.5%

     

Diversified Natural Resources, Precious Metals and Minerals – 7.5%

     

Lignetics, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 9.8%, 11.8% Cash, Due 6/2026)(C)

  $6,000  $6,000   $5,977 

Lignetics, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 9.8%, 11.8% Cash, Due 6/2026)(C)

   8,000   8,000    7,970 

Lignetics, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 9.8%, 11.8% Cash, Due 6/2026)(C)

   3,300   3,300    3,288 

Lignetics, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 9.8%, 11.8% Cash, Due 6/2026)(C)

   3,000   3,000    2,989 
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
    20,300    20,224 
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Secured Second Lien Debt

   $20,300   $20,224 
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Preferred Equity – 1.5%

     

Diversified/Conglomerate Manufacturing – 0.0%

     

Edge Adhesives Holdings, Inc. (S) – Preferred Stock(E)(G)

   5,466  $5,466   $—   

Diversified/Conglomerate Service– 0.7%

     

Encore Dredging Holdings, LLC (S) – Preferred Stock(E)(G)

   2,000,000   2,000   $2,000 

Diversified Natural Resources, Precious Metals and Minerals – 0.6%

     

Lignetics, Inc. – Preferred Stock(E)(G)

   68,880   1,321    1,617 

Personal and Non-Durable Consumer Products (Manufacturing Only) – 0.2%

     

Canopy Safety Brands, LLC – Preferred Stock(E)(G)

   500,000   500    670 
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Preferred Equity

   $9,287   $4,287 
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Common Equity – 1.0%

     

Diversified Natural Resources, Precious Metals and Minerals – 1.0%

     

Lignetics, Inc. – Common Stock(E)(G)

   152,603  $1,855   $2,590 

Personal and Non-Durable Consumer Products (Manufacturing Only) – 0.0%

     

Canopy Safety Brands, LLC – Common Stock(E)(G)

   500,000   —      —   
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Common Equity

   $1,855   $2,590 
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Affiliate Investments

   $48,322   $43,808 
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

THE ACCOMPANYING NOTES ARE AN INTEGRAL PART OF THESE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.

 

10


GLADSTONE CAPITAL CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED SCHEDULE OF INVESTMENTS

MARCH 31, 2021

(UNAUDITED)

(DOLLAR AMOUNTS IN THOUSANDS)

 

Company and Investment(A)(B)(W)(Y)

  Principal/
Shares/
Units(J)(X)
   Cost   Fair Value 

CONTROL INVESTMENTS(O) – 6.6%

      

Secured First Lien Debt – 1.7%

      

Diversified/Conglomerate Manufacturing – 1.2%

      

LWO Acquisitions Company LLC – Term Debt (L + 7.5%, 10.0% Cash, Due 6/2021)(E)

  $6,000   $6,000   $3,286 

LWO Acquisitions Company LLC – Term Debt (Due 6/2021)(E)(P)

   10,632    10,632    —   
    

 

 

   

 

 

 
     16,632    3,286 

Printing and Publishing – 0.5%

      

TNCP Intermediate HoldCo, LLC – Line of Credit, $700 available (8.0% Cash, Due 9/2021)(E)(F)

   1,300    1,300    1,300 
    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Secured First Lien Debt

    $17,932   $4,586 
    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Secured Second Lien Debt – 3.0%

      

Automobile– 3.0%

      

Defiance Integrated Technologies, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 9.5%, 11.0% Cash, Due 5/2026)(E)

  $8,065   $8,065   $8,065 

Unsecured Debt – 0.0%

      

Diversified/Conglomerate Manufacturing – 0.0%

      

LWO Acquisitions Company LLC – Term Debt (Due 6/2023)(E)(P)

  $95   $95   $—   

Preferred Equity – 0.1%

      

Automobile– 0.1%

      

Defiance Integrated Technologies, Inc. – Preferred Stock(E)(G)

   6,043   $250   $261 

Common Equity – 1.8%

      

Automobile– 0.2%

      

Defiance Integrated Technologies, Inc. – Common Stock(E)(G)

   33,321   $580   $599 

Diversified/Conglomerate Manufacturing – 0.0%

      

LWO Acquisitions Company LLC – Common Units(E)(G)

   921,000    921    —   

Machinery – 1.1%

      

PIC 360, LLC – Common Equity Units(E)(G)

   750    1    3,198 

Printing and Publishing – 0.5%

      

TNCP Intermediate HoldCo, LLC – Common Equity Units(E)(G)

   790,000    500    1,307 
    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Common Equity

    $2,002   $5,104 
    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Control Investments

    $28,344   $18,016 
    

 

 

   

 

 

 

TOTAL INVESTMENTS – 181.9%

    $512,510   $492,767 
    

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(A) 

Certain of the securities listed in this schedule are issued by affiliate(s) of the indicated portfolio company. The majority of the securities listed, totaling $440.5 million at fair value, are pledged as collateral under our revolving line of credit, as described further in Note 5—Borrowings in the accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements. Under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (the “1940 Act”), we may not acquire any non-qualifying assets unless, at the time such acquisition is made, qualifying assets represent at least 70% of our total assets. As of March 31, 2021, our investments in Leeds Novamark Capital I, L.P. (“Leeds”) and Funko Acquisition Holdings, LLC (“Funko”) are considered non-qualifying assets under Section 55 of the 1940 Act. Such non-qualifying assets represent 1.0% of total investments, at fair value, as of March 31, 2021.

(B) 

Unless indicated otherwise, all cash interest rates are indexed to 30-day London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR” or “L”), which was 0.11% as of March 31, 2021. If applicable, paid-in-kind (“PIK”) interest rates are noted separately from the cash interest rate. Certain securities are subject to an interest rate floor. The cash interest rate is the greater of the floor or LIBOR plus a spread. Due dates represent the contractual maturity date.

(C) 

Fair value was based on an internal yield analysis or on estimates of value submitted by ICE Data Pricing and Reference Data, LLC (“ICE”).

(D) 

Fair value was based on the indicative bid price on or near March 31, 2021, offered by the respective syndication agent’s trading desk.

(E) 

Fair value was based on the total enterprise value of the portfolio company, which was then allocated to the portfolio company’s securities in order of their relative priority in the capital structure.

(F)

Debt security has a fixed interest rate.

(G) 

Security is non-income producing.

(H)

Debt security is on non-accrual status.

(I)

Reserved.

(J)

Where applicable, aggregates all shares of a class of stock owned without regard to specific series owned within such class (some series of which may or may not be voting shares) or aggregates all warrants to purchase shares of a class of stock owned without regard to specific series of such class of stock such warrants allow us to purchase.

(K)

Reserved.

(L)

There are certain limitations on our ability to withdraw our partnership interest prior to dissolution of the entity, which must occur no later than May 9, 2024 or two years after all outstanding leverage has matured.

(M)

Non-Control/Non-Affiliate investments, as defined by the 1940 Act, are those that are neither Control nor Affiliate investments and in which we own less than 5.0% of the issued and outstanding voting securities.

(N)

Affiliate investments, as defined by the 1940 Act, are those in which we own, with the power to vote, between and inclusive of 5.0% and 25.0% of the issued and outstanding voting securities.

 

11


(O)

Control investments, as defined by the 1940 Act, are those where we have the power to exercise a controlling influence over the management or policies of the portfolio company, which may include owning, with the power to vote, more than 25.0% of the issued and outstanding voting securities.

(P)

Debt security does not have a stated interest rate that is payable thereon.

(Q)

Fair value was based upon the expected exit or payoff amount, where such event has occurred or is expected to occur imminently.

(R)

Fair value was based on net asset value provided by the fund as a practical expedient.

(S)

One of our affiliated funds, Gladstone Investment Corporation, co-invested with us in this portfolio company pursuant to an exemptive order granted by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.

(T)

Our investment in Funko was valued using Level 2 inputs within the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standard Codification (“ASC”) Topic 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures” (“ASC 820”) fair value hierarchy. Our common units in Funko are convertible to class A common stock in Funko, Inc. upon meeting certain requirements. Fair value was based on the closing market price of shares of Funko, Inc. as of the reporting date, less a discount for lack of marketability. Funko, Inc. is traded on the Nasdaq Global Select Market under the trading symbol “FNKO.” Refer to Note 3—Investments in the accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.

(U)

The cash interest rate on this investment was indexed to 90-day LIBOR, which was 0.19% as of March 31, 2021.

(V)

The cash interest rate on this investment was indexed to the U.S. Prime Rate (“PRIME”), which was 3.25% as of March 31, 2021.

(W)

Unless indicated otherwise, all of our investments are valued using Level 3 inputs within the ASC 820 fair value hierarchy. Refer to Note 3—Investments in the accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.

(X)

Represents the principal balance for debt investments and the number of shares/units held for equity investments. Warrants are represented as a percentage of ownership, as applicable.

(Y)

Category percentages represent the fair value of each category and subcategory as a percentage of net assets as of March 31, 2021.

THE ACCOMPANYING NOTES ARE AN INTEGRAL PART OF THESE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.

 

12


GLADSTONE CAPITAL CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED SCHEDULE OF INVESTMENTS

SEPTEMBER 30, 2020

(DOLLAR AMOUNTS IN THOUSANDS)

 

Company and Investment(A)(B)(W)(Y)

  Principal/
Shares/
Units(J)(X)
   Cost   Fair Value 

NON-CONTROL/NON-AFFILIATE INVESTMENTS(M) – 171.6%

      

Secured First Lien Debt – 85.5%

      

Aerospace and Defense – 14.3%

      

Aerospace Engineering, LLC – Line of Credit, $2,350 available (L + 7.3%, 8.3% Cash, Due 8/2025)(C)

  $650   $650   $650 

Aerospace Engineering, LLC – Term Debt (L + 7.3%, 8.3% Cash, Due 8/2025)(C)

   20,000    20,000    20,000 

Antenna Research Associates, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 10.0%, 12.0% Cash, 4.0% PIK, Due 11/2023)(E)

   12,672    12,672    12,672 
    

 

 

   

 

 

 
     33,322    33,322 

Beverage, Food, and Tobacco – 10.9%

      

Café Zupas – Line of Credit, $4,000 available (L + 7.4%, 8.9% Cash, Due 12/2024)(C)

   —      —      —   

Café Zupas – Delayed Draw Term Loan, $3,030 available (L + 7.4%, 8.9% Cash, Due 12/2024)(C)

   1,970    1,970    1,931 

Café Zupas – Term Debt (L + 7.4%, 8.9% Cash, Due 12/2024)(C)

   24,000    24,000    23,520 
    

 

 

   

 

 

 
     25,970    25,451 

Buildings and Real Estate – 0.7%

      

GFRC 360, LLC – Line of Credit, $500 available (L + 8.0%, 9.0% Cash, Due 9/2021)(C)

   700    700    681 

GFRC 360, LLC – Term Debt (L + 8.0%, 9.0% Cash, Due 9/2021)(C)

   1,000    1,000    973 
    

 

 

   

 

 

 
     1,700    1,654 

Diversified/Conglomerate Service – 24.9%

      

DKI Ventures, LLC – Line of Credit, $2,500 available (L + 8.3%, 9.3% Cash, 2.0% PIK, Due 12/2021)(C)

   —      —      —   

DKI Ventures, LLC – Term Debt (L + 8.3%, 9.3% Cash, 2.0% PIK, Due 12/2023)(C)

   5,971    5,971    4,523 

ENET Holdings, LLC – Term Debt (10.2% Cash, Due 12/2022)(C)(F)

   1,000    1,000    807 

ENET Holdings, LLC – Term Debt (10.2% Cash, Due 4/2025)(C)(F)

   29,000    29,000    23,417 

R2i Holdings, LLC – Line of Credit, $1,171 available (8.0% Cash, Due 12/2021)(C)(F)

   829    829    790 

R2i Holdings, LLC – Term Debt (8.0% Cash, Due 12/2023)(C)(F)

   19,625    19,625    18,693 

Vision Government Solutions, Inc. – Line of Credit, $2,500 available (L + 8.8%, 9.8% Cash, Due 12/2022)(C)

   —      —      —   

Vision Government Solutions, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 8.8%, 9.8% Cash, Due 12/2022)(C)

   10,100    10,066    10,036 
    

 

 

   

 

 

 
     66,491    58,266 

Healthcare, Education, and Childcare – 20.9%

      

ALS Education, LLC – Line of Credit, $4,000 available (L + 7.5%, 9.0% Cash, Due 5/2025)(C)

   —      —      —   

ALS Education, LLC – Term Debt (L + 7.5%, 9.0% Cash, Due 5/2025)(C)

   21,670    21,670    21,562 

EL Academies, Inc. – Delayed Draw Term Loan, $0 available (L + 8.0%, 9.0% Cash, Due 8/2022)(C)

   16,000    15,986    15,640 

EL Academies, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 8.0%, 9.0% Cash, Due 8/2022)(C)

   12,000    11,983    11,730 
    

 

 

   

 

 

 
     49,639    48,932 

Machinery – 2.6%

      

Arc Drilling Holdings LLC – Line of Credit, $875 available (L + 8.0%, 9.3% Cash, Due 11/2020)(C)

   125    125    121 

Arc Drilling Holdings LLC – Term Debt (L + 9.5%, 10.8% Cash, 3.0% PIK, Due 11/2022)(C)

   5,871    5,871    5,689 

Precision International, LLC – Line of Credit, $500 available (L + 7.5%, 8.5% Cash, Due 9/2021)(C)

   —      —      —   

Precision International, LLC – Term Debt (10.0% Cash, Due 9/2021)(C)(F)

   286    286    277 
    

 

 

   

 

 

 
     6,282    6,087 

Printing and Publishing – 0.0%

      

Chinese Yellow Pages Company – Line of Credit, $0 available (PRIME + 4.0%, 7.3% Cash, Due 2/2015)(E)(V)

   107    107    —   

Telecommunications – 11.2%

      

B+T Group Acquisition, Inc.(S) – Line of Credit, $0 available (L + 11.0%, 13.0% Cash, Due 12/2021)(C)(H)

   1,200    1,200    1,086 

B+T Group Acquisition, Inc.(S) – Term Debt (L + 11.0%, 13.0% Cash, Due 12/2021)(C)(H)

   6,000    6,000    5,430 

NetFortris Corp. – Term Debt (L + 9.0%, 9.5% Cash, Due 2/2021)(C)

   23,302    23,302    19,632 
    

 

 

   

 

 

 
     30,502    26,148 
    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Secured First Lien Debt

    $214,013   $199,860 
    

 

 

   

 

 

 

THE ACCOMPANYING NOTES ARE AN INTEGRAL PART OF THESE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.

 

13


GLADSTONE CAPITAL CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED SCHEDULE OF INVESTMENTS

SEPTEMBER 30, 2020

(DOLLAR AMOUNTS IN THOUSANDS)

 

Company and Investment(A)(B)(W)(Y)

  Principal/
Shares/
Units(J)(X)
   Cost   Fair Value 

Secured Second Lien Debt – 72.2%

      

Automobile – 4.1%

      

Sea Link International IRB, Inc. – Term Debt (13.3% PIK, Due 3/2023)(C)(F)

  $10,576   $10,576   $9,518 

Beverage, Food, and Tobacco – 1.6%

      

8th Avenue Food & Provisions, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 7.8%, 7.9% Cash, Due 10/2026)(D)

   3,683    3,704    3,637 

Cargo Transportation – 13.1%

      

AG Transportation Holdings, LLC – Term Debt (L + 10.0%, 13.3% Cash, Due 12/2021)(C)

   13,000    12,973    12,805 

American Trailer Rental Group LLC – Term Debt (L + 8.9%, 10.4% Cash, Due 8/2025)(C)

   18,000    18,000    17,820 
    

 

 

   

 

 

 
     30,973    30,625 

Chemicals, Plastics, and Rubber – 4.7%

      

Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils, LLC – Term Debt (L + 11.5%, 12.5% Cash, Due 5/2024)(C)

   10,012    10,012    9,911 

Vertellus Holdings LLC – Term Debt (L + 12.0%, 13.0% Cash, Due 7/2022)(C)

   1,099    1,099    1,099 
    

 

 

   

 

 

 
     11,111    11,010 

Diversified/Conglomerate Manufacturing – 13.7%

      

Magpul Industries Corp. – Term Debt (L + 11.5%, 12.5% Cash, Due 5/2026)(C)

   28,000    28,000    28,000 

Tailwind Smith Cooper Intermediate Corporation – Term Debt (L + 9.0%, 9.1% Cash, Due 5/2027)(D)

   5,000    4,776    3,887 
    

 

 

   

 

 

 
     32,776    31,887 

Diversified/Conglomerate Service – 14.9%

      

CHA Holdings, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 8.8%, 9.8% Cash, Due 4/2026)(D)(U)

   3,000    2,953    2,700 

Drive Chassis Holdco, LLC – Term Debt (L + 8.3%, 8.4% Cash, Due 4/2026)(D)

   5,000    4,786    4,787 

Gray Matter Systems, LLC – Term Debt (12.0% Cash, Due 11/2023)(C)(F)

   11,100    11,100    10,906 

Keystone Acquisition Corp. – Term Debt (L + 9.3%, 10.3% Cash, Due 5/2025)(D)(U)

   4,000    3,945    3,300 

Prophet Brand Strategy – Delayed Draw Term Loan, $5,000 available (L + 8.5%, 10.5% Cash, Due 2/2025)(C)

   —      —      —   

Prophet Brand Strategy – Term Debt (L + 8.5%, 10.5% Cash, Due 2/2025)(C)

   13,000    13,000    12,984 
    

 

 

   

 

 

 
     35,784    34,677 

Healthcare, Education, and Childcare – 2.3%

      

Medical Solutions Holdings, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 8.4%, 9.4% Cash, Due 6/2025)(D)

   3,000    2,969    2,700 

Medical Solutions Holdings, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 8.8%, 9.8% Cash, Due 6/2025)(D)

   3,000    2,948    2,760 
    

 

 

   

 

 

 
     5,917    5,460 

Home and Office Furnishings, Housewares and Durable Consumer Products – 4.1%

      

Belnick, Inc. – Term Debt (11.0% Cash, Due 8/2023)(C)(F)

   10,000    10,000    9,675 

Hotels, Motels, Inns, and Gaming – 3.4%

      

Vacation Rental Pros Property Management, LLC – Term Debt (L + 10.0%, 11.0% Cash, 3.0% PIK, Due 6/2023)(C)

   8,052    8,052    8,052 

Machinery – 0.4%

      

CPM Holdings, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 8.3%, 8.4% Cash, Due 11/2026)(D)

   1,000    1,000    910 

Oil and Gas – 9.9%

      

Imperative Holdings Corporation – Term Debt (L + 10.3%, 12.3% Cash, 1.8% PIK, Due 9/2022)(C)

   27,583    27,583    23,170 
    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Secured Second Lien Debt

    $177,476   $168,621 
    

 

 

   

 

 

 

THE ACCOMPANYING NOTES ARE AN INTEGRAL PART OF THESE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.

 

14


GLADSTONE CAPITAL CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED SCHEDULE OF INVESTMENTS

SEPTEMBER 30, 2020

(DOLLAR AMOUNTS IN THOUSANDS)

 

Company and Investment(A)(B)(W)(Y)

  Principal/
Shares/
Units(J)(X)
  Cost   Fair Value 

Unsecured Debt – 1.8%

     

Diversified/Conglomerate Service – 0.0%

     

Frontier Financial Group Inc. – Convertible Debt (6.0%, Due 6/2022)(E)(F)

  $198  $198   $17 

Healthcare, education, and childcare – 1.8%

     

Edmentum Ultimate Holdings, LLC – Term Debt (10.0% PIK, Due 12/2021)(C)(F)

   4,415   4,415    4,282 
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Unsecured Debt

    $4,613    $4,299 
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Preferred Equity – 2.0%

     

Beverage, Food, and Tobacco – 0.0%

     

Triple H Food Processors, LLC – Preferred Stock(E)(G)

   75   75    83 

Buildings and Real Estate – 0.6%

     

GFRC 360, LLC – Preferred Stock(E)(G)

   1,000   1,025    1,456 

Diversified/Conglomerate Service – 0.0%

     

Frontier Financial Group Inc. – Preferred Stock(E)(G)

   766   500    —   

Frontier Financial Group Inc. – Preferred Stock Warrant(E)(G)

   168   —      —   
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
    500    —   

Oil and Gas – 0.6%

     

FES Resources Holdings LLC – Preferred Equity Units(E)(G)

   6,350   6,350    —   

Imperative Holdings Corporation – Preferred Equity Units(E)(G)

   13,740   632    1,292 
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
    6,982    1,292 

Telecommunications – 0.8%

     

B+T Group Acquisition, Inc.(S) – Preferred Stock(E)(G)

   6,130   2,024    —   

NetFortris Corp. – Preferred Stock(E)(G)

   7,890,860   789    1,846 
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
    2,813    1,846 
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Preferred Equity

   $11,395   $4,677 
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Common Equity – 10.1%

     

Aerospace and Defense – 1.8%

     

Antenna Research Associates, Inc. – Common Equity Units(E)(G)

   4,283  $4,283   $4,138 

Automobile– 0.1%

     

Sea Link International IRB, Inc.– Common Equity Units(E)(G)

   823,333   823    208 

Beverage, Food, and Tobacco – 0.0%

     

Triple H Food Processors, LLC – Common Stock(E)(G)

   250,000   250    —   

Buildings and Real Estate – 0.0%

     

GFRC 360, LLC – Common Stock Warrants(E)(G)

   45.0  —      —   

Cargo Transportation – 1.7%

     

AG Transportation Holdings, LLC – Member Profit Participation(E)(G)

   27.0  1,350    2,345 

AG Transportation Holdings, LLC – Profit Participation Warrants(E)(G)

   5.0  244    563 

American Trailer Rental Group LLC – Common Stock(E)(G)

   6,667   1,000    1,009 
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
    2,594    3,917 

Chemicals, Plastics, and Rubber – 1.2%

     

Vertellus Holdings LLC – Common Stock Units((E)(G)

   879,121   3,018    2,705 

Healthcare, Education, and Childcare – 2.3%

     

Edmentum Ultimate Holdings, LLC – Common Stock(E)(G)

   21,429   2,637    —   

GSM MidCo LLC – Common Stock(E)(G)

   767   767    763 

Leeds Novamark Capital I, L.P. – Limited Partnership Interest ($843 uncalled capital commitment)(G)(L)(R)

   3.5  1,808    4,718 
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
    5,212    5,481 

Machinery – 0.4%

     

Arc Drilling Holdings LLC – Common Stock(E)(G)

   15,000   1,500    400 

Precision International, LLC – Membership Unit Warrant(E)(G)

   33.3  —      525 
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
    1,500    925 

THE ACCOMPANYING NOTES ARE AN INTEGRAL PART OF THESE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.

 

15


GLADSTONE CAPITAL CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED SCHEDULE OF INVESTMENTS

SEPTEMBER 30, 2020

(DOLLAR AMOUNTS IN THOUSANDS)

 

Company and Investment(A)(B)(W)(Y)

  Principal/
Shares/
Units(J)(X)
  Cost   Fair Value 

Oil and Gas – 0.1%

     

FES Resources Holdings LLC – Common Equity Units(E)(G)

   6,233   —      —   

Total Safety Holdings, LLC – Common Equity(E)(G)

   435   499    263 
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
    499    263 

Personal and Non-Durable Consumer Products (Manufacturing Only) – 0.0%

     

Funko Acquisition Holdings, LLC(S) – Common Units(G)(T)

   12,180   59    48 

Telecommunications – 0.0%

     

B+T Group Acquisition, Inc.(S) – Common Stock Warrant(E)(G)

   1.5  —      —   

NetFortris Corp. – Common Stock Warrant(E)(G)

   1   1    —   
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
    1    —   

Textiles and Leather – 2.5%

     

Targus Cayman HoldCo, Ltd. – Common Stock(E)(G)

   3,076,414   2,062    5,905 
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Common Equity

   $20,301   $23,590 
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Non-Control/Non-Affiliate Investments

   $427,798   $401,047 
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

AFFILIATE INVESTMENTS(N) – 14.2%

     

Secured First Lien Debt – 3.7%

     

Diversified/Conglomerate Manufacturing – 3.7%

     

Edge Adhesives Holdings, Inc. (S) – Line of Credit, $0 available (L + 8.0%, 10.0% Cash, Due 12/2020)(C)

  $680  $680   $663 

Edge Adhesives Holdings, Inc. (S) – Term Debt (L + 10.5%, 12.5% Cash, Due 2/2022)(C)

   6,200   6,200    6,045 

Edge Adhesives Holdings, Inc. (S) – Term Debt (L + 11.8%, 13.8% Cash, Due 2/2022)(C)

   2,000   2,000    1,950 
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
    8,880    8,658 
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Secured First Lien Debt

   $8,880   $8,658 
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Secured Second Lien Debt – 8.7%

     

Diversified Natural Resources, Precious Metals and Minerals – 8.7%

     

Lignetics, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 9.0%, 12.0% Cash, Due 5/2025)(C)

  $6,000  $6,000   $6,000 

Lignetics, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 9.0%, 12.0% Cash, Due 5/2025)(C)

   8,000   8,000    8,000 

Lignetics, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 9.0%, 12.0% Cash, Due 5/2025)(C)

   3,300   3,300    3,300 

Lignetics, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 9.0%, 12.0% Cash, Due 5/2025)(C)

   3,000   3,000    3,000 
   

 

 

   

 

 

 
    20,300    20,300 
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Secured Second Lien Debt

   $20,300   $20,300 
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Preferred Equity – 0.9%

     

Diversified/Conglomerate Manufacturing – 0.0%

     

Edge Adhesives Holdings, Inc. (S) – Preferred Stock(E)(G)

   5,466  $5,466   $—   

Diversified Natural Resources, Precious Metals and Minerals – 0.7%

     

Lignetics, Inc. – Preferred Stock(E)(G)

   68,880   1,321    1,562 

Personal and Non-Durable Consumer Products (Manufacturing Only) – 0.2%

     

Canopy Safety Brands, LLC – Preferred Stock(E)(G)

   500,000   500    507 
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Preferred Equity

   $7,287   $2,069 
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Common Equity – 0.9%

     

Diversified Natural Resources, Precious Metals and Minerals – 0.9%

     

Lignetics, Inc. – Common Stock(E)(G)

   152,603  $1,855   $2,152 

Personal and Non-Durable Consumer Products (Manufacturing Only) – 0.0%

     

Canopy Safety Brands, LLC – Common Stock(E)(G)

   500,000   —      —   
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Common Equity

   $1,855   $2,152 
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Affiliate Investments

   $38,322   $33,179 
   

 

 

   

 

 

 

THE ACCOMPANYING NOTES ARE AN INTEGRAL PART OF THESE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.

 

16


GLADSTONE CAPITAL CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED SCHEDULE OF INVESTMENTS

SEPTEMBER 30, 2020

(DOLLAR AMOUNTS IN THOUSANDS)

 

Company and Investment(A)(B)(W)(Y)

  Principal/
Shares/
Units(J)(X)
   Cost   Fair Value 

CONTROL INVESTMENTS(O) – 6.9%

      

Secured First Lien Debt – 2.1%

      

Diversified/Conglomerate Manufacturing – 1.5%

      

LWO Acquisitions Company LLC – Term Debt (L + 7.5%, 10.0% Cash, Due 6/2021)(E)

  $6,000   $6,000   $3,450 

LWO Acquisitions Company LLC – Term Debt (Due 6/2021)(E)(P)

   10,632    10,632    —   
    

 

 

   

 

 

 
     16,632    3,450 

Printing and Publishing – 0.6%

      

TNCP Intermediate HoldCo, LLC – Line of Credit, $500 available (8.0% Cash, Due 9/2021)(E)(F)

   1,500    1,483    1,500 
    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Secured First Lien Debt

    $18,115   $4,950 
    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Secured Second Lien Debt – 3.5%

      

Automobile– 3.5%

      

Defiance Integrated Technologies, Inc. – Term Debt (L + 9.5%, 11.0% Cash, Due 5/2026)(E)

  $8,065   $8,065   $8,065 

Unsecured Debt – 0.0%

      

Diversified/Conglomerate Manufacturing – 0.0%

      

LWO Acquisitions Company LLC – Term Debt (Due 6/2023)(E)(P)

  $95   $95   $—   

Preferred Equity – 0.1%

      

Automobile– 0.1%

      

Defiance Integrated Technologies, Inc. – Preferred Stock(E)(G)

   6,043   $250   $254 

Common Equity – 1.2%

      

Automobile– 0.0%

      

Defiance Integrated Technologies, Inc. – Common Stock(E)(G)

   33,321   $580   $104 

Diversified/Conglomerate Manufacturing – 0.0%

      

LWO Acquisitions Company LLC – Common Units(E)(G)

   921,000    921    —   

Machinery – 1.0%

      

PIC 360, LLC – Common Equity Units(E)(G)

   750    1    2,342 

Printing and Publishing – 0.2%

      

TNCP Intermediate HoldCo, LLC – Common Equity Units(E)(G)

   790,000    500    459 
    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Common Equity

    $2,002   $2,905 
    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Control Investments

    $28,527   $16,174 
    

 

 

   

 

 

 

TOTAL INVESTMENTS)(Z) – 192.7%

    $494,647   $450,400 
    

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(A) 

Certain of the securities listed in this schedule are issued by affiliate(s) of the indicated portfolio company. The majority of the securities listed, totaling $412.5 million at fair value, are pledged as collateral under our revolving line of credit, as described further in Note 5—Borrowings in the accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements. Under the Investment Company Act of 1940 as amended, (the “1940 Act”), we may not acquire any non-qualifying assets unless, at the time such acquisition is made, qualifying assets represent at least 70% of our total assets. As of September 30, 2020, our investments in Leeds Novamark Capital I, L.P. (“Leeds”) and Funko Acquisition Holdings, LLC (“Funko”) are considered non-qualifying assets under Section 55 of the 1940 Act. Such non-qualifying assets represent 1.1% of total investments, at fair value, as of September 30, 2020.

(B) 

Unless indicated otherwise, all cash interest rates are indexed to 30-day London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR” or “L”), which was 0.15% as of September 30, 2020. If applicable, paid-in-kind (“PIK”) interest rates are noted separately from the cash interest rate. Certain securities are subject to an interest rate floor. The cash interest rate is the greater of the floor or LIBOR plus a spread. Due dates represent the contractual maturity date.

(C) 

Fair value was based on an internal yield analysis or on estimates of value submitted by ICE Data Pricing and Reference Data, LLC (“ICE”).

(D) 

Fair value was based on the indicative bid price on or near September 30, 2020, offered by the respective syndication agent’s trading desk.

(E) 

Fair value was based on the total enterprise value of the portfolio company, which was then allocated to the portfolio company’s securities in order of their relative priority in the capital structure.

(F)

Debt security has a fixed interest rate.

(G) 

Security is non-income producing.

(H)

Debt security is on non-accrual status.

(I)

Reserved.

(J)

Where applicable, aggregates all shares of a class of stock owned without regard to specific series owned within such class (some series of which may or may not be voting shares) or aggregates all warrants to purchase shares of a class of stock owned without regard to specific series of such class of stock such warrants allow us to purchase.

(K)

Reserved.

(L)

There are certain limitations on our ability to withdraw our partnership interest prior to dissolution of the entity, which must occur no later than May 9, 2024 or two years after all outstanding leverage has matured.

(M)

Non-Control/Non-Affiliate investments, as defined by the 1940 Act, are those that are neither Control nor Affiliate investments and in which we own less than 5.0% of the issued and outstanding voting securities.

(N)

Affiliate investments, as defined by the 1940 Act, are those in which we own, with the power to vote, between and inclusive of 5.0% and 25.0% of the issued and outstanding voting securities.

 

17


(O)

Control investments, as defined by the 1940 Act, are those where we have the power to exercise a controlling influence over the management or policies of the portfolio company, which may include owning, with the power to vote, more than 25.0% of the issued and outstanding voting securities.

(P)

Debt security does not have a stated interest rate that is payable thereon.

(Q)

Reserved.

(R)

Fair value was based on net asset value provided by the fund as a practical expedient.

(S)

One of our affiliated funds, Gladstone Investment Corporation, co-invested with us in this portfolio company pursuant to an exemptive order granted by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.

(T)

Our investment in Funko was valued using Level 2 inputs within the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standard Codification (“ASC”) Topic 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures” (“ASC 820”) fair value hierarchy. Our common units in Funko are convertible to class A common stock in Funko, Inc. upon meeting certain requirements. Fair value was based on the closing market price of shares of Funko, Inc. as of the reporting date, less a discount for lack of marketability. Funko, Inc. is traded on the Nasdaq Global Select Market under the trading symbol “FNKO.” Refer to Note 3—Investments in the accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.

(U)

The cash interest rate on this investment was indexed to 90-day LIBOR, which was 0.23% as of September 30, 2020.

(V)

The cash interest rate on this investment was indexed to the U.S. Prime Rate (“PRIME”), which was 3.25% as of September 30, 2020.

(W)

Unless indicated otherwise, all of our investments are valued using Level 3 inputs within the ASC 820 fair value hierarchy. Refer to Note 3—Investments in the accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.

(X)

Represents the principal balance for debt investments and the number of shares/units held for equity investments. Warrants are represented as a percentage of ownership, as applicable.

(Y)

Category percentages represent the fair value of each category and subcategory as a percentage of net assets as of September 30, 2020.

(Z) 

Cumulative gross unrealized depreciation for federal income tax purposes is $68.3 million; cumulative gross unrealized appreciation for federal income tax purposes is $13.4 million. Cumulative net unrealized depreciation is $54.9 million, based on a tax cost of $504.9 million.

THE ACCOMPANYING NOTES ARE AN INTEGRAL PART OF THESE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.

 

18


GLADSTONE CAPITAL CORPORATION

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

MARCH 31, 2021

(DOLLAR AMOUNTS IN TABLES IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT PER SHARE DATA AND AS OTHERWISE INDICATED)

NOTE 1. ORGANIZATION

Gladstone Capital Corporation was incorporated under the Maryland General Corporation Law on May 30, 2001 and completed an initial public offering on August 24, 2001. The terms “the Company,” “we,” “our” and “us” all refer to Gladstone Capital Corporation and its consolidated subsidiaries. We are an externally managed, closed-end, non-diversified management investment company that has elected to be treated as a business development company (“BDC”) under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (the “1940 Act”), and are applying the guidance of the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 946 “Financial Services-Investment Companies” (“ASC 946”). In addition, we have elected to be treated for U.S. federal income tax purposes as a regulated investment company (“RIC”) under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”). We were established for the purpose of investing in debt and equity securities of established private businesses operating in the United States (“U.S.”). Our investment objectives are to: (1) achieve and grow current income by investing in debt securities of established lower middle market companies (which we generally define as companies with annual earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (“EBITDA”) of $3 million to $15 million) in the U.S. that we believe will provide stable earnings and cash flow to pay expenses, make principal and interest payments on our outstanding indebtedness and make distributions to stockholders that grow over time; and (2) provide our stockholders with long-term capital appreciation in the value of our assets by investing in equity securities of established businesses that we believe can grow over time to permit us to sell our equity investments for capital gains.

Gladstone Business Loan, LLC (“Business Loan”), a wholly-owned subsidiary of ours, was established on February 3, 2003, for the sole purpose of holding certain investments pledged as collateral to our line of credit. The financial statements of Business Loan are consolidated with those of Gladstone Capital Corporation. We may also have significant subsidiaries (as defined under Rule 1-02(w)(2) of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission’s (“SEC”) Regulation S-X) whose financial statements are not consolidated with ours. Refer to Note 12 – Unconsolidated Significant Subsidiaries for additional information regarding our unconsolidated significant subsidiaries.

We are externally managed by Gladstone Management Corporation (the “Adviser”), an affiliate of ours and an SEC registered investment adviser, pursuant to an investment advisory and management agreement (as amended and/or restated from time to time, the “Advisory Agreement”). Administrative services are provided by Gladstone Administration, LLC (the “Administrator”), an affiliate of ours and the Adviser, pursuant to an administration agreement (the “Administration Agreement”). Refer to Note 4—Related Party Transactions for additional information regarding these arrangements.

NOTE 2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Unaudited Interim Financial Statements and Basis of Presentation

We prepare our interim financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and pursuant to the requirements for reporting on Form 10-Q and Articles 6, 10 and 12 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, we have not included in this quarterly report all of the information and notes required by GAAP for annual financial statements. The accompanying Consolidated Financial Statements include our accounts and those of our wholly-owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. In accordance with Article 6 of Regulation S-X, we do not consolidate portfolio company investments. Under the investment company rules and regulations pursuant to the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants Audit and Accounting Guide for Investment Companies, codified in ASC 946, we are precluded from consolidating any entity other than another investment company, except that ASC 946 provides for the consolidation of a controlled operating company that provides substantially all of its services to the investment company or its consolidated subsidiaries. In our opinion, all adjustments, consisting solely of normal recurring accruals, necessary for the fair statement of financial statements for the interim periods have been included. The results of operations for the three and six months ended March 31, 2021 are not necessarily indicative of results that ultimately may be achieved for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2021 or any future interim periods. The interim financial statements and notes thereto should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2020, as filed with the SEC on November 10, 2020.

Use of Estimates

Preparing financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in our accompanying Consolidated Financial Statements and these Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements. Actual results may differ from those estimates.

 

19


Investment Valuation Policy

Accounting Recognition

We record our investments at fair value in accordance with the FASB ASC Topic 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures” (“ASC 820”) and the 1940 Act. Investment transactions are recorded on the trade date. Realized gains or losses are generally measured by the difference between the net proceeds from the repayment or sale and the cost basis of the investment, without regard to unrealized appreciation or depreciation previously recognized, and include investments charged off during the period, net of recoveries. Unrealized appreciation or depreciation primarily reflects the change in investment fair values, including the reversal of previously recorded unrealized appreciation or depreciation when gains or losses are realized.

Board Responsibility

In accordance with the 1940 Act, our board of directors (“Board of Directors”) has the ultimate responsibility for reviewing and determining, in good faith, the fair value of our investments for which market quotations are not readily available based on our investment valuation policy (which has been approved by our Board of Directors) (the “Policy”). Such review occurs in three phases. First, prior to its quarterly meetings, the Board of Directors receives written valuation recommendations and supporting materials provided by professionals of the Adviser and Administrator with oversight and direction from the chief valuation officer (the “Valuation Team”). Second, the Valuation Committee of our Board of Directors (comprised entirely of independent directors) meets to review the valuation recommendations and supporting materials, discusses the information provided by the Valuation Team, determines whether the Valuation Team has followed the Policy, determines whether the Valuation Team’s recommended fair value is reasonable in light of the Policy, and reviews other facts and circumstances. Third, after the Valuation Committee concludes its meeting, it and the chief valuation officer present the Valuation Committee’s findings to the entire Board of Directors so that the full Board of Directors may review and determine in good faith the fair value of such investments in accordance with the Policy.

There is no single standard for determining fair value (especially for privately-held businesses), as fair value depends upon the specific facts and circumstances of each individual investment. In determining the fair value of our investments, the Valuation Team, led by the chief valuation officer, uses the Policy, and each quarter the Valuation Committee and Board of Directors review the Policy to determine if changes thereto are advisable and whether the Valuation Team has applied the Policy consistently.

Use of Third Party Valuation Firms

The Valuation Team engages third party valuation firms to provide independent assessments of fair value of certain of our investments.

ICE Data Pricing and Reference Data, LLC (“ICE”), a valuation specialist, generally provides estimates of fair value on our proprietary debt investments. The Valuation Team generally assigns ICE’s estimates of fair value to our debt investments where we do not have the ability to effectuate a sale of the applicable portfolio company. The Valuation Team corroborates ICE’s estimates of fair value using one or more of the valuation techniques discussed below. The Valuation Team’s estimate of value on a specific debt investment may significantly differ from ICE’s. When this occurs, our Valuation Committee and Board of Directors review whether the Valuation Team has followed the Policy and whether the Valuation Team’s recommended fair value is reasonable in light of the Policy and other facts and circumstances before determining fair value.

We may engage other independent valuation firms to provide earnings multiple ranges, as well as other information, and evaluate such information for incorporation into the total enterprise value (“TEV”) of certain of our investments. Generally, at least once per year, we engage an independent valuation firm to value or review the valuation of each of our significant equity investments, which includes providing the information noted above. The Valuation Team evaluates such information for incorporation into our TEV, including review of all inputs provided by the independent valuation firm. The Valuation Team then makes a recommendation to our Valuation Committee and Board of Directors as to the fair value. Our Board of Directors reviews the recommended fair value, and whether it is reasonable in light of the Policy, and other relevant facts and circumstances before determining fair value.

Valuation Techniques

In accordance with ASC 820, the Valuation Team uses the following techniques when valuing our investment portfolio:

 

  

Total Enterprise Value — In determining the fair value using a TEV, the Valuation Team first calculates the TEV of the portfolio company by incorporating some or all of the following factors: the portfolio company’s ability to make payments and other specific portfolio company attributes; the earnings of the portfolio company (the trailing or projected twelve month revenue or EBITDA); EBITDA multiples obtained from our indexing methodology whereby the original transaction EBITDA multiple at the time of our closing is indexed to a general subset of comparable disclosed transactions and EBITDA multiples from recent sales to third parties of similar securities in similar industries; a comparison to publicly traded securities in similar industries, and other pertinent factors. The Valuation Team generally reviews industry statistics and may use outside experts when gathering this information. Once the TEV is determined for a portfolio company, the Valuation Team generally allocates the TEV to the portfolio

 

20


 

company’s securities based on the facts and circumstances of the securities, which typically results in the allocation of fair value to securities based on the order of their relative priority in the capital structure. Generally, the Valuation Team uses TEV to value our equity investments and, in the circumstances where we have the ability to effectuate a sale of a portfolio company, our debt investments.

TEV is primarily calculated using EBITDA and EBITDA multiples; however, TEV may also be calculated using revenue and revenue multiples or a discounted cash flow (“DCF”) analysis whereby future expected cash flows of the portfolio company are discounted to determine a net present value using estimated risk-adjusted discount rates, which incorporate adjustments for nonperformance and liquidity risks. Generally, the Valuation Team uses a DCF analysis to calculate TEV to corroborate estimates of value for our equity investments where we do not have the ability to effectuate a sale of a portfolio company or for debt of credit impaired portfolio companies.

 

  

Yield Analysis — The Valuation Team generally determines the fair value of our debt investments for which we do not have the ability to effectuate a sale of the applicable portfolio company using the yield analysis, which includes a DCF calculation and assumptions that the Valuation Team believes market participants would use, including, estimated remaining life, current market yield, current leverage, and interest rate spreads. This technique develops a modified discount rate that incorporates risk premiums including increased probability of default, increased loss upon default and increased liquidity risk. Generally, the Valuation Team uses the yield analysis to corroborate both estimates of value provided by ICE and market quotes.

 

  

Market Quotes — For our investments for which a limited market exists, we generally base fair value on readily available and reliable market quotations which are corroborated by the Valuation Team (generally by using the yield analysis described above). In addition, the Valuation Team assesses trading activity for similar investments and evaluates variances in quotations and other market insights to determine if any available quoted prices are reliable. Typically, the Valuation Team uses the lower indicative bid price (“IBP”) in the bid-to-ask price range obtained from the respective originating syndication agent’s trading desk on or near the valuation date. The Valuation Team may take further steps to consider additional information to validate that price in accordance with the Policy. For securities that are publicly traded, we generally base fair value on the closing market price of the securities we hold as of the reporting date. For restricted securities that are publicly traded, we generally base fair value on the closing market price of the securities we hold as of the reporting date less a discount for the restriction, which includes consideration of the nature and term to expiration of the restriction.

 

  

Investments in Funds — For equity investments in other funds for which we cannot effectuate a sale of the fund, the Valuation Team generally determines the fair value of our invested capital at the net asset value (“NAV”) provided by the fund. Any invested capital that is not yet reflected in the NAV provided by the fund is valued at par value. The Valuation Team may also determine fair value of our investments in other investment funds based on the capital accounts of the underlying entity.

In addition to the valuation techniques listed above, the Valuation Team may also consider other factors when determining the fair value of our investments, including: the nature and realizable value of the collateral, including external parties’ guaranties, any relevant offers or letters of intent to acquire the portfolio company, timing of expected loan repayments, and the markets in which the portfolio company operates.

Fair value measurements of our investments may involve subjective judgments and estimates and due to the uncertainty inherent in valuing these securities, the determinations of fair value may fluctuate from period to period and may differ materially from the values that could be obtained if a ready market for these securities existed. Our NAV could be materially affected if the determinations regarding the fair value of our investments are materially different from the values that we ultimately realize upon our disposal of such securities. Additionally, changes in the market environment and other events that may occur over the life of the investment may cause the gains or losses ultimately realized on these investments to be different than the valuations currently assigned. Further, such investments are generally subject to legal and other restrictions on resale or otherwise are less liquid than publicly traded securities. If we were required to liquidate a portfolio investment in a forced or liquidation sale, we could realize significantly less than the value at which it is recorded.

Refer to Note 3—Investments for additional information regarding fair value measurements and our application of ASC 820.

 

21


Revenue Recognition

Interest Income Recognition

Interest income, including the amortization of premiums, acquisition costs and amendment fees, the accretion of original issue discounts (“OID”), and paid-in-kind (“PIK”) interest, is recorded on the accrual basis to the extent that such amounts are expected to be collected. Generally, when a loan becomes 90 days or more past due or if our qualitative assessment indicates that the debtor is unable to service its debt or other obligations, we will place the loan on non-accrual status and cease recognizing interest income on that loan for financial reporting purposes until the borrower has demonstrated the ability and intent to pay contractual amounts due. However, we remain contractually entitled to this interest. Interest payments received on non-accrual loans may be recognized as income or applied to the cost basis depending upon management’s judgment. Generally, non-accrual loans are restored to accrual status when past due principal and interest are paid and, in management’s judgment, are likely to remain current, or due to a restructuring such that the interest income is deemed to be collectible. As of March 31, 2021, loans to B+T Group Acquisition Inc. (“B+T”) were on non-accrual status with an aggregate debt cost basis of $7.2 million, or 1.5% of the cost basis of all debt investments in our portfolio, and an aggregate fair value of approximately $6.7 million, or 1.5% of the fair value of all debt investments in our portfolio. As of September 30, 2020, loans to B+T were on non-accrual status with an aggregate debt cost basis of $7.2 million, or 1.6% of the cost basis of all debt investments in our portfolio, and an aggregate fair value of approximately $6.5 million, or 1.6% of the fair value of all debt investments in our portfolio.

We currently hold, and we expect to hold in the future, some loans in our portfolio that contain OID or PIK provisions. We recognize OID for loans originally issued at discounts and recognize the income over the life of the obligation based on an effective yield calculation. PIK interest, computed at the contractual rate specified in a loan agreement, is added to the principal balance of a loan and recorded as income over the life of the obligation. Thus, the actual collection of PIK income may be deferred until the time of debt principal repayment. To maintain our ability to be taxed as a RIC, we may need to pay out both OID and PIK non-cash income amounts in the form of distributions, even though we have not yet collected the cash on either.

As of March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020, we held six and five OID loans, respectively, primarily from the syndicated loans in our portfolio. We recorded OID income of $39 thousand and $0.1 million during the three and six months ended March 31, 2021, respectively, and $19 thousand and $0.2 million during the three and six months ended March 31, 2020, respectively. The unamortized balance of OID investments as of March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020 totaled $0.8 million and $0.6 million, respectively. As of each of March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020, we had seven investments which had a PIK interest component. We recorded PIK interest income of $0.4 million and $1.0 million during the three and six months ended March 31, 2021, respectively, as compared to $0.4 million and $0.7 million during the three and six months ended March 31, 2020, respectively. We collected $1.2 million and $3.4 million in PIK interest in cash during the three and six months ended March 31, 2021, as compared to $0 during the three and six months ended March 31, 2020.

Success Fee Income Recognition

We record success fees as income when earned, which often occurs upon receipt of cash. Success fees are generally contractually due upon a change of control in a portfolio company, typically resulting from an exit or sale, and are non-recurring.

Dividend Income Recognition

We accrue dividend income on preferred and common equity securities to the extent that such amounts are expected to be collected and if we have the option to collect such amounts in cash or other consideration.

Related Party Fees

We are party to the Advisory Agreement with the Adviser, which is owned and controlled by our chairman and chief executive officer. In accordance with the Advisory Agreement, we pay the Adviser fees as compensation for its services, consisting of a base management fee and an incentive fee. Additionally, we pay the Adviser a loan servicing fee as compensation for its services as servicer under the terms of our Fifth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement with KeyBank National Association (“KeyBank”), as administrative agent, lead arranger and lender (as amended, our “Credit Facility”). These fees are accrued at the end of the quarter when the services are performed and generally paid the following quarter.

We are also party to the Administration Agreement with the Administrator, which is owned and controlled by our chairman and chief executive officer, whereby we pay separately for administrative services. Refer to Note 4—Related Party Transactions for additional information regarding these related party fees and agreements.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In August 2018, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update 2018-13,Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework—Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value” (“ASU 2018-13”), which modifies the disclosure requirements in ASC 820. ASU 2018-13 is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019, and we adopted ASU 2018-13 effective October 1, 2020. Our adoption of ASU 2018-13 did not have a material impact on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

 

22


NOTE 3. INVESTMENTS

Fair Value

In accordance with ASC 820, the fair value of each investment is determined to be the price that would be received for an investment in a current sale, which assumes an orderly transaction between willing market participants on the measurement date. This fair value definition focuses on exit price in the principal, or most advantageous, market and prioritizes, within a measurement of fair value, the use of market-based inputs over entity-specific inputs. ASC 820 also establishes the following three-level hierarchy for fair value measurements based upon the transparency of inputs to the valuation of a financial instrument as of the measurement date.

 

  

Level 1 — inputs to the valuation methodology are quoted prices (unadjusted) for identical financial instruments in active markets;

 

  

Level 2 — inputs to the valuation methodology include quoted prices for similar financial instruments in active or inactive markets, and inputs that are observable for the financial instrument, either directly or indirectly, for substantially the full term of the financial instrument. Level 2 inputs are in those markets for which there are few transactions, the prices are not current, little public information exists or instances where prices vary substantially over time or among brokered market makers; and

 

  

Level 3 — inputs to the valuation methodology are unobservable and significant to the fair value measurement. Unobservable inputs are those inputs that reflect assumptions that market participants would use when pricing the financial instrument and can include the Valuation Team’s assumptions based upon the best available information.

When a determination is made to classify our investments within Level 3 of the valuation hierarchy, such determination is based upon the significance of the unobservable factors to the overall fair value measurement. However, Level 3 financial instruments typically include, in addition to the unobservable, or Level 3, inputs, observable inputs (or components that are actively quoted and can be validated to external sources). The level in the fair value hierarchy within which the fair value measurement falls is determined based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement. Investments in funds measured using NAV as a practical expedient are not categorized within the fair value hierarchy.

As of each of March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020, all of our investments were valued using Level 3 inputs within the ASC 820 fair value hierarchy, except for our investment in Funko Acquisition Holdings, LLC (“Funko”), which was valued using Level 2 inputs, and our investment in Leeds Novamark Capital I, L.P. (“Leeds”), which was valued using NAV as a practical expedient.

We transfer investments in and out of Level 1, 2, and 3 of the valuation hierarchy as of the beginning balance sheet date, based on changes in the use of observable and unobservable inputs utilized to perform the valuation for the period. During the six months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, there were no investments transferred into or out of Levels 1, 2 or 3 of the valuation hierarchy.

As of March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020, our investments, by security type, at fair value were categorized as follows within the ASC 820 fair value hierarchy:

 

      Fair Value Measurements 
   Fair Value  Quoted Prices in
Active Markets
for Identical
Assets

(Level 1)
   Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs

(Level 2)
  Significant
Unobservable
Inputs

(Level 3)
 

As of March 31, 2021:

      

Secured first lien debt

  $273,462  $—     $—    $273,462 

Secured second lien debt

   160,257   —      —     160,257 

Unsecured debt

   13   —      —     13 

Preferred equity

   15,851   —      —     15,851 

Common equity/equivalents

   38,555(A)   —      96(B)   38,459 
  

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total Investments at March 31, 2021

  $488,138  $—     $96  $488,042 
  

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

 

 

23


      Fair Value Measurements 
   Fair Value  Quoted Prices in
Active Markets
for Identical
Assets

(Level 1)
   Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs

(Level 2)
  Significant
Unobservable
Inputs

(Level 3)
 

As of September 30, 2020:

      

Secured first lien debt

  $213,468  $—     $—    $213,468 

Secured second lien debt

   196,986   —      —     196,986 

Unsecured debt

   4,299   —      —     4,299 

Preferred equity

   7,000   —      —     7,000 

Common equity/equivalents

   23,929(A)   —      48(B)   23,881 
  

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total Investments as of September 30, 2020

  $445,682  $—     $48  $445,634 
  

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

 

 

(A)

Excludes our investment in Leeds with a fair value of $4.6 million and $4.7 million as of March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020, respectively. Leeds was valued using NAV as a practical expedient.

(B)

Fair value was determined based on the closing market price of shares of Funko, Inc. (our units in Funko can be converted into common shares of Funko, Inc.) at the reporting date less a discount for lack of marketability as our investment was subject to certain restrictions.

The following table presents our portfolio investments, valued using Level 3 inputs within the ASC 820 fair value hierarchy and carried at fair value as of March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020, by caption on our accompanying Consolidated Statements of Assets and Liabilities and by security type:

 

   Total Recurring Fair Value Measurements
Reported in

Consolidated Statements of Assets and Liabilities
Using Significant Unobservable Inputs

(Level 3)
 
   March 31, 2021  September 30, 2020 

Non-Control/Non-Affiliate Investments

   

Secured first lien debt

  $252,169  $199,860 

Secured second lien debt

   131,968   168,621 

Unsecured debt

   13   4,299 

Preferred equity

   11,303   4,677 

Common equity/equivalents

   30,765(A)   18,824(B) 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total Non-Control/Non-Affiliate Investments

  $426,218  $396,281 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Affiliate Investments

   

Secured first lien debt

  $16,707  $8,658 

Secured second lien debt

   20,224   20,300 

Preferred equity

   4,287   2,069 

Common equity/equivalents

   2,590   2,152 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total Affiliate Investments

  $43,808  $33,179 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Control Investments

   

Secured first lien debt

  $4,586  $4,950 

Secured second lien debt

   8,065   8,065 

Preferred equity

   261   254 

Common equity/equivalents

   5,104   2,905 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total Control Investments

  $18,016  $16,174 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total Investments at Fair Value Using Level 3 Inputs

  $488,042  $445,634 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

 

(A)

Excludes our investments in Leeds and Funko with fair values of $4.6 million and $0.1 million, respectively, as of March 31, 2021. Leeds was valued using NAV as a practical expedient, and Funko was valued using Level 2 inputs.

(B)

Excludes our investments in Leeds and Funko with fair values of $4.7 million and $48 thousand, respectively, as of September 30, 2020. Leeds was valued using NAV as a practical expedient, and Funko was valued using Level 2 inputs.

 

24


In accordance with ASC 820, the following table provides quantitative information about our Level 3 fair value measurements of our investments as of March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020. The table below is not intended to be all-inclusive, but rather provides information on the significant Level 3 inputs as they relate to our fair value measurements. The weighted average calculations in the table below are based on the principal balances for all debt related calculations and on the cost basis for all equity related calculations for the particular input.

 

   Quantitative Information about Level 3 Fair Value Measurements 
              Range / Weighted Average as of 
   March 31,
2021
   September 30,
2020
   Valuation
Techniques/
Methodologies
   Unobservable
Input
  March 31,
2021
   September 30,
2020
 

Secured first lien debt

   $257,030    $195,846    Yield Analysis   Discount Rate   

7.5% - 28.1%

/ 12.6%

 

 

   

8.3% - 24.6%

/ 13.4%

 

 

   16,432    17,622    TEV   EBITDA multiple   

5.0x – 5.5x

/ 5.4x

 

 

   

4.8x – 4.8x

/ 4.8x

 

 

        EBITDA   

$564 - $7,949

/ $7,219

 

 

   

$6,492 - $6,492

/ $6,492

 

 

        Revenue multiple   

0.3x – 0.3x

/ 0.3x

 

 

   

0.3x – 0.3x

/ 0.3x

 

 

        Revenue   

$11,530 - $11,530

/ $11,530

 

 

   

$7,451 - $11,500

/ $11,165

 

 

Secured second lien debt(A)

   126,180    163,141    Yield Analysis   Discount Rate   

10.2% - 26.9%

/ 15.3%

 

 

   

10.5% - 25.1%

/ 14.5%

 

 

   26,012    24,681    Market Quote   IBP   

84.7% - 101.3%

/ 94.0%

 

 

   

77.7% - 98.8%

/ 89.2%

 

 

   8,065    9,164    TEV   EBITDA multiple   

5.6x – 5.6x

/ 5.6x

 

 

   

5.3x – 9.0x

/ 5.7x

 

 

        EBITDA   

$2,812 - $2,812

/ $2,812

 

 

   

$3,020 - $69,552

/ $10,999

 

 

Unsecured debt

       4,282    Yield Analysis   Discount Rate       

12.6% - 12.6%

/ 12.6%

 

 

   13    17    TEV   Revenue multiple   

0.3x – 1.4x

/ 1.0x

 

 

   

0.3x – 1.4x

/ 1.0x

 

 

        Revenue   

$816 - $11,530

/ $4,290

 

 

   

$883 - $11,500

/ $4,325

 

 

Preferred and common equity / equivalents(B)

   54,310    30,881    TEV   EBITDA multiple   

3.4x – 9.8x

/ 6.6x

 

 

   

3.0x – 9.2x

/ 6.0x

 

 

        EBITDA   

$564 -$88,306

/ $10,897

 

 

   

$483 -$88,142

/ $16,403

 

 

        Revenue multiple   

0.3x – 1.4x

/ 0.9x

 

 

   

0.3x – 1.4x

/ 0.8x

 

 

        Revenue   

$816 -$128,831

/ $47,258

 

 

   

$883 -$161,232

/ $48,273

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

         

Total Level 3 Investments, at Fair Value

   $488,042    $445,634         
  

 

 

   

 

 

       

 

(A)

Fair value as of March 31, 2021 includes one proprietary debt investment totaling $13.2 million, which was valued using the expected payoff amount as the unobservable input.

(B)

Fair value as of March 31, 2021 includes one proprietary equity investment totaling $9.3 million, which was valued using the expected payoff amount as the unobservable input. Fair value as of March 31, 2021 excludes our investments in Leeds and Funko with fair values of $4.6 million and $0.1 million, respectively. Fair value as of September 30, 2020 excludes our investments in Leeds and Funko with fair values of $4.7 million and $48 thousand, respectively. Leeds was valued using NAV as a practical expedient and Funko was valued using Level 2 inputs as of both March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020.

 

25


Fair value measurements can be sensitive to changes in one or more of the valuation inputs. Changes in discount rates, EBITDA or EBITDA multiples (or revenue or revenue multiples), each in isolation, may change the fair value of certain of our investments. Generally, an increase/(decrease) in market yields or, discount rates, or a (decrease)/increase in EBITDA or EBITDA multiples (or revenue or revenue multiples) may result in a (decrease)/increase, respectively, in the fair value of certain of our investments.

Changes in Level 3 Fair Value Measurements of Investments

The following tables provide the changes in fair value, broken out by security type, during the three and six months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 for all investments for which we determine fair value using unobservable (Level 3) inputs.

 

   Fair Value Measurements Using Significant Unobservable Inputs (Level 3) 

Three months ended March 31, 2021

  Secured First
Lien Debt
  Secured Second
Lien Debt
  Unsecured
Debt
  Preferred
Equity
  Common
Equity/
Equivalents
  Total 

Fair Value as of December 31, 2020

  $219,921  $194,219  $15  $9,236  $24,473  $447,864 

Total gains (losses):

       

Net realized gain (loss)(A)

   —     —     —     —     —     —   

Net unrealized appreciation (depreciation)(B)

   1,156   2,190   (2  (385  12,986   15,945 

Reversal of prior period net depreciation (appreciation) on realization(B)

   20   (210  —     —     —     (190

New investments, repayments and settlements: (C)

       

Issuances/originations

   64,210   217   —     7,000   1,000   72,427 

Settlements/repayments

   (11,845  (36,159  —     —     —     (48,004
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Fair Value as of March 31, 2021

  $273,462  $160,257  $13  $15,851  $38,459  $488,042 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 
   Fair Value Measurements Using Significant Unobservable Inputs (Level 3) 

Six months ended March 31, 2021

  Secured First
Lien Debt
  Secured Second
Lien Debt
  Unsecured
Debt
  Preferred
Equity
  Common
Equity/
Equivalents
  Total 

Fair Value as of September 30, 2020

  $213,468  $196,986  $4,299  $7,000  $23,881  $445,634 

Total gains (losses):

 

Net realized gain (loss)(A)

   —     —     —     —     (2,393  (2,393

Net unrealized appreciation (depreciation)(B)

   2,088   3,199   (4  (247  16,283   21,319 

Reversal of prior period net depreciation (appreciation) on realization(B)

   20   (210  133   —     2,950   2,893 

New investments, repayments and settlements: (C)

 

Issuances/originations

   91,414   554   113   9,098   1,000   102,179 

Settlements/repayments

   (13,528  (60,272  (4,528  —     —     (78,328

Net proceeds from sales

   —     —     —     —     (3,262  (3,262

Transfers

   (20,000  20,000   —     —     —     —   
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Fair Value as of March 31, 2021

  $273,462  $160,257  $13  $15,851  $38,459  $488,042 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

 

26


   Fair Value Measurements Using Significant Unobservable Inputs (Level 3) 

Three months ended March 31, 2020

  Secured First
Lien Debt
  Secured Second
Lien Debt
  Unsecured
Debt
  Preferred
Equity
  Common
Equity/
Equivalents
  Total 

Fair Value as of December 31, 2019

  $215,340  $173,644  $4,049  $9,474  $22,183  $424,690 

Total gains (losses):

 

Net realized gain (loss)(A)

   (4,140  —     —     (1,449  2,508   (3,081

Net unrealized appreciation (depreciation)(B)

   (13,944  (14,431  (185  (5,857  (71  (34,488

Reversal of prior period net depreciation (appreciation) on realization(B)

   4,113   (20  —     1,449   (2,550  2,992 

New investments, repayments and settlements: (C)

 

Issuances/originations

   2,157   23,092   105   3,471   1,350   30,175 

Settlements/repayments

   (15,929  (7,463  —     —     —     (23,392

Net proceeds from sales

   —     —     —     —     (2,958  (2,958
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Fair Value as of March 31, 2020

  $187,597  $174,822  $3,969  $7,088  $20,462  $393,938 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 
   Fair Value Measurements Using Significant Unobservable Inputs (Level 3) 

Six months ended March 31, 2020

  Secured First
Lien Debt
  Secured Second
Lien Debt
  Unsecured
Debt
  Preferred
Equity
  Common
Equity/
Equivalents
  Total 

Fair Value as of September 30, 2019

  $178,213  $181,541  $3,933  $9,854  $25,104  $398,645 

Total gains (losses):

 

Net realized gain (loss)(A)

   (4,140  (4,409  —     (1,449  2,508   (7,490

Net unrealized appreciation (depreciation)(B)

   (14,481  (14,563  (171  (6,537  (2,992  (38,744

Reversal of prior period net depreciation (appreciation) on realization(B)

   4,113   4,287   —     1,449   (2,550  7,299 

New investments, repayments and settlements: (C)

 

Issuances/originations

   41,560   26,150   207   3,771   1,350   73,038 

Settlements/repayments

   (17,668  (18,184  —     —     —     (35,852

Net proceeds from sales

   —     —     —     —     (2,958  (2,958
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Fair Value as of March 31, 2020

  $187,597  $174,822  $3,969  $7,088  $20,462  $393,938 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

 

(A)

Included in net realized gain (loss) on investments on our accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations for the corresponding period.

(B) 

Included in net unrealized appreciation (depreciation) on investments on our accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations for the corresponding period.

(C) 

Includes increases in the cost basis of investments resulting from new portfolio investments, accretion of discounts, PIK, and other non-cash disbursements to portfolio companies, as well as decreases in the cost basis of investments resulting from principal repayments or sales, the amortization of premiums and acquisition costs and other cost-basis adjustments.

 

27


Investment Activity

Proprietary Investments

As of March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020, we held 38 and 37 proprietary investments with an aggregate fair value of $459.5 million and $411.5 million, or 93.2% and 91.4% of the total investment portfolio at fair value, respectively. The following significant proprietary investment transactions occurred during the six months ended March 31, 2021:

 

  

In December 2020, we invested $19.0 million in Effective School Solutions LLC through secured first lien debt.

 

  

In December 2020, we invested $10.0 million in Encore Dredging Holdings, LLC through a combination of secured first lien debt and equity.

 

  

In December 2020, our investment in Aerospace Engineering, LLC paid off at par for net proceeds of $20.2 million. In conjunction with the payoff, we received a prepayment fee of $0.2 million.

 

  

In February 2021, we invested $20.5 million in SpaceCo Holdings, LLC through secured first lien debt.

 

  

In February 2021, we invested $24.5 million in Ohio Armor Holdings, LLC through a combination of secured first lien debt and equity.

 

  

In February 2021, our investment in Vacation Rental Pros Property Management, LLC paid off at par for net proceeds of $8.2 million.

 

  

In March 2021, we invested $27.0 million in MCG Energy Solutions, LLC through a combination of secured first lien debt and equity.

 

  

In March 2021, our investment in Magpul Industries Corp. paid off at par for net proceeds of $28.7 million. In conjunction with the payoff, we received a prepayment fee of $0.7 million.

 

  

In March 2021, our investment in Vision Government Solutions, Inc. paid off at par for net proceeds of $9.9 million.

Syndicated Investments

As of March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020, we held nine and 11 syndicated investments with an aggregate fair value of $33.3 million and $38.9 million, or 6.8% and 8.6% of the total investment portfolio at fair value, respectively. The following significant syndicated investment transactions occurred during the six months ended March 31, 2021:

 

  

In December 2020, our investment in Edmentum Ultimate Holdings, LLC was sold, which resulted in a realized loss of approximately $2.4 million on our equity investment. In connection with the sale, we received net cash proceeds of approximately $4.9 million, including the repayment of our debt investment of $4.6 million at par.

 

  

In December 2020, our investment in Vertellus Holdings LLC was sold, which resulted in a realized loss of approximately $41 thousand. In connection with the sale, we received net cash proceeds of approximately $4.1 million, including the repayment of our debt investment of $1.1 million at par.

Investment Concentrations

As of March 31, 2021, our investment portfolio consisted of investments in 47 portfolio companies located in 24 states in 17 different industries, with an aggregate fair value of $492.8 million. The five largest investments at fair value as of March 31, 2021 totaled $130.9 million, or 26.6% of our total investment portfolio, as compared to the five largest investments at fair value as of September 30, 2020 totaling $130.3 million, or 28.9% of our total investment portfolio. As of March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020, our average investment by obligor was $10.9 million and $10.3 million at cost, respectively.

 

28


The following table outlines our investments by security type as of March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020:

 

   March 31, 2021  September 30, 2020 
   Cost  Fair Value  Cost  Fair Value 

Secured first lien debt

  $298,894    58.3 $273,462    55.5 $241,008    48.7 $213,468    47.4

Secured second lien debt

   166,123    32.4   160,257    32.5   205,841    41.6   196,986    43.7 

Unsecured debt

   293    0.1   13    0.0   4,708    1.0   4,299    1.0 
  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total debt investments

   465,310    90.8   433,732    88.0   451,557    91.3   414,753    92.1 

Preferred equity

   28,030    5.5   15,851    3.2   18,932    3.8   7,000    1.5 

Common equity/equivalents

   19,170    3.7   43,184    8.8   24,158    4.9   28,647    6.4 
  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total equity investments

   47,200    9.2   59,035    12.0   43,090    8.7   35,647    7.9 
  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Investments

  $512,510    100.0 $492,767    100.0 $494,647    100.0 $450,400    100.0
  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Our investments at fair value consisted of the following industry classifications as of March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020:

 

   March 31, 2021  September 30, 2020 

Industry Classification

  Fair Value   Percentage
of Total
Investments
  Fair Value   Percentage
of Total
Investments
 

Diversified/Conglomerate Service

  $117,334    23.8 $92,960    20.6

Healthcare, Education, and Childcare

   79,178    16.1   64,155    14.3 

Aerospace and Defense

   64,874    13.2   37,460    8.3 

Cargo Transportation

   42,553    8.6   34,542    7.7 

Beverage, Food, and Tobacco

   30,718    6.2   29,171    6.5 

Telecommunications

   29,150    5.9   27,994    6.2 

Oil and Gas

   25,043    5.1   24,725    5.5 

Diversified Natural Resources, Precious Metals, and Minerals

   24,431    5.0   24,014    5.3 

Automobile

   19,381    3.9   18,149    4.0 

Diversified/Conglomerate Manufacturing

   16,267    3.3   43,995    9.8 

Machinery

   10,823    2.2   10,264    2.3 

Chemicals, Plastics, and Rubber

   10,012    2.0   13,715    3.0 

Home and Office Furnishings, Housewares, and Durable Consumer Products

   9,850    2.0   9,675    2.2 

Textiles and Leather

   6,948    1.4   5,905    1.3 

Hotels, Motels, Inns, and Gaming

       0.0   8,052    1.8 

Other, < 2.0%

   6,205    1.3   5,624    1.2 
  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Investments

  $492,767    100.0 $450,400    100.0
  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Our investments at fair value were included in the following U.S. geographic regions as of March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020:

 

   March 31, 2021  September 30, 2020 

Location

  Fair
Value
   Percentage of
Total Investments
  Fair
Value
   Percentage of
Total Investments
 

South

  $193,807    39.3 $214,808    47.7

West

   143,344    29.1   138,746    30.8 

Midwest

   107,924    21.9   56,106    12.5 

Northeast

   47,692    9.7   40,740    9.0 
  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Investments

  $492,767    100.0 $450,400    100.0
  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

 

The geographic composition indicates the location of the headquarters for our portfolio companies. A portfolio company may have additional locations in other geographic regions.

Investment Principal Repayments

The following table summarizes the contractual principal repayment and maturity of our investment portfolio by fiscal year, assuming no voluntary prepayments, as of March 31, 2021:

 

      Amount 

For the remaining six months ending September 30:

  2021  $46,991 

For the fiscal years ending September 30:

  2022   88,044 
  2023   32,094 
  2024   45,677 
  2025   113,275 
  Thereafter   140,119 
    

 

 

 
  

Total contractual repayments

  $466,200 
  Adjustments to cost basis of debt investments   (890) 
  Investments in equity securities   47,200 
    

 

 

 
  

Investments held as of March 31, 2021 at cost:

  $512,510 
    

 

 

 

 

29


Receivables from Portfolio Companies

Receivables from portfolio companies represent non-recurring costs incurred on behalf of such portfolio companies and are included in other assets on our accompanying Consolidated Statements of Assets and Liabilities. We generally maintain an allowance for uncollectible receivables from portfolio companies when the receivable balance becomes 90 days or more past due or if it is determined, based upon management’s judgment, that the portfolio company is unable to pay its obligations. We write off accounts receivable when we have exhausted collection efforts and have deemed the receivables uncollectible. As of March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020, we had gross receivables from portfolio companies of $0.5 million and $0.4 million, respectively. The allowance for uncollectible receivables was $0 and $11 thousand as of March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020, respectively.

NOTE 4. RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

Transactions with the Adviser

We have been externally managed by the Adviser pursuant to the Advisory Agreement since October 1, 2004 pursuant to which we pay the Adviser a base management fee and an incentive fee for its services. On July 14, 2020, our Board of Directors, including a majority of the directors who are not parties to the Advisory Agreement or interested persons of such party, unanimously approved the renewal of the Advisory Agreement through August 31, 2021.

We also pay the Adviser a loan servicing fee for its role of servicer pursuant to our Credit Facility. The entire loan servicing fee paid to the Adviser by Business Loan is non-contractually, unconditionally and irrevocably credited against the base management fee otherwise payable to the Adviser, since Business Loan is a consolidated subsidiary of ours, and overall, the base management fee (including any loan servicing fee) cannot exceed 1.75% of total assets (including investments made with proceeds of borrowings, less any uninvested cash or cash equivalents resulting from borrowings) during any given fiscal year pursuant to the Advisory Agreement.

Two of our executive officers, David Gladstone (our chairman and chief executive officer) and Terry Lee Brubaker (our vice chairman and chief operating officer), serve as directors and executive officers of the Adviser, which is 100% indirectly owned and controlled by Mr. Gladstone. Robert Marcotte (our president) also serves as executive vice president of private equity (debt) of the Adviser. Michael LiCalsi, our general counsel and secretary (who also serves as the Administrator’s president, general counsel and secretary), is also the executive vice president of administration of our Adviser.

The following table summarizes the base management fee, incentive fee, and loan servicing fee and associated non-contractual, unconditional and irrevocable credits reflected in our accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations:

 

   Three Months Ended
March 31,
  Six Months Ended
March 31,
 
   2021  2020  2021  2020 

Average total assets subject to base management fee(A)

  $478,857  $420,571  $468,229  $421,943 

Multiplied by prorated annual base management fee of 1.75%

   0.4375  0.4375  0.875  0.875
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Base management fee(B)

  $2,095  $1,840  $4,097  $3,692 

Portfolio company fee credit

   (574  (263  (926  (615

Syndicated loan fee credit

   (81  (101  (168  (222
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Net Base Management Fee

  $1,440  $1,476  $3,003  $2,855 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Loan servicing fee(B)

   1,396   1,443   2,744   2,846 

Credit to base management fee - loan servicing fee(B)

   (1,396  (1,443  (2,744  (2,846
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Net Loan Servicing Fee

  $—    $—    $—    $—   
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Incentive fee(B)

   1,381   1,227   2,748   2,621 

Incentive fee credit

   (225  (1,641  (436  (2,481
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Net Incentive Fee

  $1,156  $(414 $2,312  $140 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Portfolio company fee credit

   (574  (263  (926  (615

Syndicated loan fee credit

   (81  (101  (168  (222

Incentive fee credit

   (225  (1,641  (436  (2,481
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Credits to Fees From Adviser - other(B)

  $(880 $(2,005 $(1,530 $(3,318
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

 

(A) 

Average total assets subject to the base management fee is defined in the Advisory Agreement as total assets, including investments made with proceeds of borrowings, less any uninvested cash or cash equivalents resulting from borrowings, valued at the end of the two most recently completed quarters within the respective years and adjusted appropriately for any share issuances or repurchases during the period.

(B)

Reflected as a line item on our accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations.

 

30


Base Management Fee

The base management fee is payable quarterly to the Adviser pursuant to our Advisory Agreement and is assessed at an annual rate of 1.75%, computed on the basis of the value of our average total assets at the end of the two most recently-completed quarters (inclusive of the current quarter), which are total assets, including investments made with proceeds of borrowings, less any uninvested cash or cash equivalents resulting from borrowings and adjusted appropriately for any share issuances or repurchases during the period.

Additionally, pursuant to the requirements of the 1940 Act, the Adviser makes available significant managerial assistance to our portfolio companies. The Adviser may also provide other services to our portfolio companies under certain agreements and may receive fees for services other than managerial assistance. Such services may include: (i) assistance obtaining, sourcing or structuring credit facilities, long term loans or additional equity from unaffiliated third parties; (ii) negotiating important contractual financial relationships; (iii) consulting services regarding restructuring of the portfolio company and financial modeling as it relates to raising additional debt and equity capital from unaffiliated third parties; and (iv) taking a primary role in interviewing, vetting and negotiating employment contracts with candidates in connection with adding and retaining key portfolio company management team members. The Adviser non-contractually, unconditionally, and irrevocably credits 100% of any fees for such services against the base management fee that we would otherwise be required to pay to the Adviser; however, pursuant to the terms of the Advisory Agreement, a small percentage of certain of such fees, totaling $15 thousand for each of the three and six months ended March 31, 2021 and $0 and $15 thousand for the three and six months ended March 31, 2020, respectively, was retained by the Adviser in the form of reimbursement, at cost, for tasks completed by personnel of the Adviser primarily for the valuation of portfolio companies.

Our Board of Directors accepted a non-contractual, unconditional, and irrevocable credit from the Adviser to reduce the annual base management fee on syndicated loan participations to 0.5%, to the extent that proceeds resulting from borrowings were used to purchase such syndicated loan participations, for each of the three and six months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020.

Loan Servicing Fee

The Adviser also services the loans held by Business Loan (the borrower under the Credit Facility), in return for which the Adviser receives a 1.5% annual fee payable monthly based on the aggregate outstanding balance of loans pledged under our Credit Facility. As discussed in the notes to the table above, we treat payment of the loan servicing fee pursuant to the Credit Facility as a pre-payment of the base management fee under the Advisory Agreement. Accordingly, these loan servicing fees are 100% non-contractually, unconditionally and irrevocably credited back to us by the Adviser.

Incentive Fee

The incentive fee consists of two parts: an income-based incentive fee and a capital gains-based incentive fee. The income-based incentive fee rewards the Adviser if our quarterly net investment income (before giving effect to any incentive fee) exceeds 1.75% (2.0% during the period from April 1, 2020 through March 31, 2022) of our net assets, which we define as total assets less indebtedness and before taking into account any incentive fees payable or contractually due but not payable during the period, at the end of the immediately preceding calendar quarter, adjusted appropriately for any share issuances or repurchases during the period (the “hurdle rate”). The income-based incentive fee with respect to our pre-incentive fee net investment income is generally payable quarterly to the Adviser and is computed as follows:

 

no incentive fee in any calendar quarter in which our pre-incentive fee net investment income does not exceed the hurdle rate;

 

100.0% of our pre-incentive fee net investment income with respect to that portion of such pre-incentive fee net investment income, if any, that exceeds the hurdle rate but is less than 2.1875% (2.4375% during the period from April 1, 2020 through March 31, 2021) of our net assets, adjusted appropriately for any share issuances or repurchases during the period, in any calendar quarter; and

 

20.0% of the amount of our pre-incentive fee net investment income, if any, that exceeds 2.1875% (2.4375% during the period from April 1, 2020 through March 31, 2022) of our net assets, adjusted appropriately for any share issuances or repurchases during the period, in any calendar quarter.

As reflected above, on April 14, 2020, our Board of Directors approved an amendment of the Advisory Agreement, which temporarily revised the hurdle rate, for the period beginning April 1, 2020 and ending March 31, 2021, increasing the hurdle rate from 1.75% per quarter (7% annualized) to 2.00% per quarter (8% annualized) and increasing the excess incentive fee hurdle rate from 2.1875% per quarter (8.75% annualized) to 2.4375% per quarter (9.75% annualized). On April 13, 2021, our Board of Directors approved an additional amendment of the Advisory Agreement which extended the temporary revision to the hurdle rate through the period beginning April 1, 2021 and ending March 31, 2022. See “Note 13 – Subsequent Events” below.

 

31


The second part of the incentive fee is a capital gains-based incentive fee that is determined and payable in arrears as of the end of each fiscal year (or upon termination of the Advisory Agreement, as of the termination date) and equals 20.0% of our “net realized capital gains” (as defined herein) as of the end of the fiscal year. In determining the capital gains-based incentive fee payable to the Adviser, we calculate “net realized capital gains” at the end of each applicable year by subtracting the sum of our cumulative aggregate realized capital losses and our entire portfolio’s aggregate unrealized capital depreciation from our cumulative aggregate realized capital gains. For this purpose, cumulative aggregate realized capital gains, if any, equals the sum of the differences between the net sales price of each investment, when sold, and the original cost of such investment since inception. Cumulative aggregate realized capital losses equals the sum of the amounts by which the net sales price of each investment, when sold, is less than the original cost of such investment since inception. The entire portfolio’s aggregate unrealized capital depreciation, if any, equals the sum of the difference between the valuation of each investment as of the applicable calculation date and the original cost of such investment. At the end of the applicable fiscal year, the amount of capital gains that serves as the basis for our calculation of the capital gains-based incentive fee equals the cumulative aggregate realized capital gains less cumulative aggregate realized capital losses, less the entire portfolio’s aggregate unrealized capital depreciation, if any. If this number is positive at the end of such fiscal year, then the capital gains-based incentive fee for such year equals 20.0% of such amount, less the aggregate amount of any capital gains-based incentive fees paid in respect of our portfolio in all prior years. No capital gains-based incentive fee has been recorded or paid since our inception through March 31, 2021, as cumulative unrealized capital depreciation has exceeded cumulative realized capital gains net of cumulative realized capital losses.

In accordance with GAAP, a capital gains-based incentive fee accrual is calculated using the aggregate cumulative realized capital gains and losses and aggregate cumulative unrealized capital appreciation and depreciation. If such amount is positive at the end of a period, then GAAP requires us to record a capital gains-based incentive fee equal to 20.0% of such amount, less the aggregate amount of actual capital gains-based incentive fees paid in all prior years. If such amount is negative, then there is no accrual for such period. GAAP requires that the capital gains-based incentive fee accrual consider the cumulative aggregate unrealized capital appreciation in the calculation, as a capital gains-based incentive fee would be payable if such unrealized capital appreciation were realized. There can be no assurance that such unrealized capital appreciation will be realized in the future. No GAAP accrual for a capital gains-based incentive fee has been recorded from our inception through March 31, 2021.

Our Board of Directors accepted non-contractual, unconditional and irrevocable credits from the Adviser to reduce the income-based incentive fee to the extent net investment income did not 100.0% cover distributions to common stockholders for the three and six months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020.

Transactions with the Administrator

We have entered into the Administration Agreement with the Administrator to provide administrative services. We reimburse the Administrator pursuant to the Administration Agreement for the portion of expenses the Administrator incurs while performing services for us. The Administrator’s expenses are primarily rent and the salaries, benefits and expenses of the Administrator’s employees, including: our chief financial officer and treasurer, chief compliance officer, chief valuation officer, and general counsel and secretary (who also serves as the Administrator’s president, general counsel and secretary) and their respective staffs. Two of our executive officers, David Gladstone (our chairman and chief executive officer) and Terry Lee Brubaker (our vice chairman and chief operating officer) serve as members of the board of managers and executive officers of the Administrator, which is 100% indirectly owned and controlled by Mr. Gladstone. Another of our officers, Michael LiCalsi (our general counsel and secretary), serves as the Administrator’s president as well as the executive vice president of administration for the Adviser.

Our allocable portion of the Administrator’s expenses is generally derived by multiplying the Administrator’s total expenses by the approximate percentage of time during the current quarter the Administrator’s employees performed services for us in relation to their time spent performing services for all companies serviced by the Administrator. On July 14, 2020, our Board of Directors, including a majority of the directors who are not parties to the Administration Agreement or interested persons of either party, approved the renewal of the Administration Agreement through August 31, 2021.

Other Transactions

Gladstone Securities, LLC (“Gladstone Securities”), a privately-held broker-dealer registered with the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority and insured by the Securities Investor Protection Corporation, which is 100% indirectly owned and controlled by Mr. Gladstone, our chairman and chief executive officer, has provided other services, such as investment banking and due diligence services, to certain of our portfolio companies, for which Gladstone Securities receives a fee. Any such fees paid by portfolio companies to Gladstone Securities do not impact the fees we pay to the Adviser or the non-contractual, unconditional and irrevocable credits against the base management fee or incentive fee. Gladstone Securities received fees from portfolio companies totaling $0.3 million and $0.4 million during the three and six months ended March 31, 2021, respectively, and $0.1 million and $0.5 million during the three and six months ended March 31, 2020, respectively.

 

32


Related Party Fees Due

Amounts due to related parties on our accompanying Consolidated Statements of Assets and Liabilities were as follows:

 

   March 31, 2021   September 30, 2020 

Base management fee due to Adviser

  $45   $95 

Loan servicing fee due to Adviser

   341    355 

Incentive fee due to Adviser

   1,156    1,236 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total fees due to Adviser

   1,542    1,686 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Fee due to Administrator

   496    329 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Related Party Fees Due

  $2,038   $2,015 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

In addition to the above fees, other operating expenses due to the Adviser as of March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020, totaled $49 thousand and $31 thousand, respectively. In addition, net expenses payable to Gladstone Investment Corporation (for reimbursement purposes), which includes certain co-investment expenses, totaled $16 thousand and $0 as of March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020, respectively. These amounts are generally settled in the quarter subsequent to being incurred and are included in other liabilities on the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Assets and Liabilities as of March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020.

 

33


NOTE 5. BORROWINGS

Revolving Credit Facility

On December 9, 2020, we, through Business Loan, entered into Amendment No. 8 to our Credit Facility with KeyBank, which increased the commitment amount from $180 million to $205 million. All principal and interest will continue to be due and payable on April 15, 2022. On November 2, 2020, we, through Business Loan, entered into Amendment No. 7 to our Credit Facility with KeyBank, which provided consent for relevant amendments to our credit agreements with certain of our portfolio companies. On April 29, 2020, we, through Business Loan, entered into Amendment No. 6 to our Credit Facility with KeyBank, which extended the revolving period end date to July 15, 2021, included certain LIBOR transition provisions and decreased the commitment amount from $190 million to $180 million.

On July 10, 2019, we, through Business Loan, entered into Amendment No. 5 to our Credit Facility with KeyBank, which (i) modified the covenants to reduce our minimum asset coverage with respect to senior securities representing indebtedness from 200% to 150% (or such percentage as may be set forth in Section 18 of the 1940 Act, as modified by Section 61 of the 1940 Act), (ii) amended the excess concentration limits definition to decrease the limit for non-first lien loans from 60% to 50% under certain circumstances and (iii) amended the distributions covenant to allow a distribution to be applied towards the redemption of our 6.00% Series 2024 Term Preferred Stock, par value $0.001 per share (“Series 2024 Term Preferred Stock”).

On March 9, 2018, we, through Business Loan, entered into Amendment No. 4 to our Credit Facility with KeyBank, which increased the commitment amount from $170.0 million to $190.0 million, extended the revolving period end date by approximately two years to January 15, 2021, decreased the marginal interest rate added to 30-day LIBOR from 3.25% to 2.85% per annum, and changed the unused commitment fee from 0.50% of the total unused commitment amount to 0.50% when the average unused commitment amount for the reporting period is less than or equal to 50%, 0.75% when the average unused commitment amount for the reporting period is greater than 50% but less than or equal to 65%, and 1.00% when the average unused commitment amount for the reporting period is greater than 65%. Subject to certain terms and conditions, our Credit Facility may be expanded up to a total of $265.0 million through additional commitments of new or existing lenders. We incurred fees of approximately $1.2 million in connection with this amendment, which are being amortized through our Credit Facility’s revolving period end date of July 15, 2021.

The following tables summarize noteworthy information related to our Credit Facility:

 

   March 31, 2021   September 30, 2020 

Commitment amount

  $205,000   $180,000 

Borrowings outstanding, at cost

   41,200    128,000 

Availability(A)

   140,490    17,641 

 

   For the Three Months
Ended March 31,
  For the Six Months
Ended March 31,
 
   2021  2020  2021  2020 

Weighted average borrowings outstanding, at cost

  $69,418  $89,482  $87,442  $88,817 

Weighted average interest rate(B)

   4.6  5.3  4.0  5.3

Commitment (unused) fees incurred

  $272  $183  $424  $373 

 

(A) 

Available borrowings are subject to various constraints imposed under our Credit Facility, based on the aggregate loan balance pledged by Business Loan, which varies as loans are added and repaid, regardless of whether such repayments are prepayments or made as contractually required.

(B)

Includes unused commitment fees and excludes the impact of deferred financing fees.

Our Credit Facility also requires that any interest or principal payments on pledged loans be remitted directly by the borrower into a lockbox account with KeyBank. KeyBank is also the trustee of the account and generally remits the collected funds to us once each month. Amounts collected in the lockbox account with KeyBank are presented as Due from administrative agent on the accompanying Consolidated Statement of Assets and Liabilities as of March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020.

Our Credit Facility contains covenants that require Business Loan to maintain its status as a separate legal entity, prohibit certain significant corporate transactions (such as mergers, consolidations, liquidations or dissolutions), and restrict material changes to our credit and collection policies without the lenders’ consent. Our Credit Facility also generally limits distributions to our stockholders on a fiscal year basis to the sum of our net investment income, net capital gains and amounts elected to have been paid during the prior year in accordance with Section 855(a) of the Code. Business Loan is also subject to certain limitations on the type of loan investments it can apply as collateral towards the borrowing base to receive additional borrowing availability under our Credit Facility, including restrictions on geographic concentrations, sector concentrations, loan size, payment frequency and status, average life and lien property. Our Credit Facility further requires Business Loan to comply with other financial and operational covenants, which obligate Business Loan to, among other things, maintain certain financial ratios, including asset and interest coverage and a minimum number of 25 obligors required in the borrowing base.

 

34


Additionally, we are required to maintain (i) a minimum net worth (defined in our Credit Facility to include any outstanding mandatorily redeemable preferred stock) of $205.0 million plus 50.0% of all equity and subordinated debt raised after May 1, 2015 less 50% of any equity and subordinated debt retired or redeemed after May 1, 2015, which equates to $324.0 million as of March 31, 2021, (ii) asset coverage with respect to “senior securities representing indebtedness” of at least 150% (or such percentage as may be set forth in Section 18 of the 1940 Act, as modified by Section 61 of the 1940 Act), and (iii) our status as a BDC under the 1940 Act and as a RIC under the Code.

As of March 31, 2021, and as defined in our Credit Facility, we had a net worth of $457.0 million, asset coverage on our “senior securities representing indebtedness” of 215.5%, calculated in accordance with the requirements of Section 18 and 61 of the 1940 Act, and an active status as a BDC and RIC. In addition, we had 31 obligors in our Credit Facility’s borrowing base as of March 31, 2021. As of March 31, 2021, we were in compliance with all of our Credit Facility covenants.

Fair Value

We elected to apply the fair value option of ASC 825, “Financial Instruments,” specifically for the Credit Facility, which was consistent with our application of ASC 820 to our investments. Generally, the fair value of our Credit Facility is determined using a yield analysis which includes a DCF calculation and the assumptions that the Valuation Team believes market participants would use, including the estimated remaining life, counterparty credit risk, current market yield and interest rate spreads of similar securities as of the measurement date. As of March 31, 2021, the discount rate used to determine the fair value of our Credit Facility was 30-day LIBOR, plus 2.94% per annum, plus a 1.00% unused commitment fee. As of September 30, 2020, the discount rate used to determine the fair value of our Credit Facility was 30-day LIBOR, plus 3.20% per annum, plus a 0.50% unused commitment fee. Generally, an increase or decrease in the discount rate used in the DCF calculation may result in a corresponding decrease or increase, respectively, in the fair value of our Credit Facility. As of March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020, our Credit Facility was valued using Level 3 inputs and any changes in its fair value are recorded in net unrealized depreciation (appreciation) of other on our accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations.

The following tables present our Credit Facility carried at fair value as of March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020, on our accompanying Consolidated Statements of Assets and Liabilities for Level 3 of the hierarchy established by ASC 820 and the changes in fair value of our Credit Facility during the three and six months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020:

 

   Total Recurring Fair Value Measurement Reported in 
   Consolidated Statements of Assets and Liabilities Using
Significant Unobservable Inputs (Level 3)
 
   March 31, 2021   September 30, 2020 

Credit Facility

  $41,190   $127,650 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

Fair Value Measurements Using Significant Unobservable Data Inputs (Level 3)

 
   Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
   2021   2020 

Fair value as of December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively

  $16,270   $90,984 

Borrowings

   136,100    32,900 

Repayments

   (111,200   (31,600

Net unrealized appreciation(A)

   20    (184
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Fair Value as of March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively

  $41,190   $92,100 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

Fair Value Measurements Using Significant Unobservable Data Inputs (Level 3)

 
   Six Months Ended
March 31,
 
   2021   2020 

Fair value as of September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively

  $127,650   $67,067 

Borrowings

   157,600    117,200 

Repayments

   (244,400   (92,000

Net unrealized appreciation(A)

   340    (167
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Fair Value as of March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively

  $41,190   $92,100 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(A) 

Included in net unrealized appreciation (depreciation) of other on our accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three and six months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020.

The fair value of the collateral under our Credit Facility totaled approximately $440.5 million and $412.5 million as of March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020, respectively.

 

35


Notes Payable

In December 2020, we completed a debt offering of $100.0 million aggregate principal amount of 5.125% Notes due 2026 (the “2026 Notes”) for net proceeds of approximately $97.7 million after deducting underwriting discounts, commissions and offering expenses borne by us. In March 2021, we completed a debt offering of an additional $50.0 million aggregate principal amount of the 2026 Notes for net proceeds of approximately $50.6 million after adding premiums and deducting underwriting costs, commissions and offering expenses borne by us. The 2026 Notes will mature on January 31, 2026 and may be redeemed in whole or in part at any time or from time to time at the Company’s option prior to maturity at par plus a “make-whole” premium, if applicable. The 2026 Notes bear interest at a rate of 5.125% per year. Interest is payable semi-annually on January 31 and July 31 of each year (which equates to approximately $7.7 million per year) beginning July 31, 2021.

In October 2019, we completed a public debt offering of $38.8 million aggregate principal amount of 5.375% Notes due 2024 (the “2024 Notes”), inclusive of the overallotment option exercised by the underwriters, for net proceeds of approximately $37.5 million after deducting underwriting discounts, commissions and offering expenses borne by us. The 2024 Notes are traded under the ticker symbol “GLADL” on the Nasdaq Global Select Market (“Nasdaq”). The 2024 Notes and will mature on November 1, 2024 and may be redeemed in whole or in part at any time or from time to time at the Company’s option on or after November 1, 2021. The 2024 Notes bear interest at a rate of 5.375% per year, payable quarterly on February 1, May 1, August 1, and November 1 of each year (which equates to approximately $2.1 million per year).

In November 2018, we completed a public debt offering of $57.5 million aggregate principal amount of 6.125% Notes due 2023 (the “2023 Notes”), inclusive of the overallotment option exercised by the underwriters, for net proceeds of $55.4 million after deducting underwriting discounts, commissions and offering expenses borne by us. On January 7, 2021, we voluntarily redeemed the 2023 Notes with an aggregate principal amount outstanding of $57.5 million. The redemption amount was $58.1 million inclusive of accrued interest through the date of redemption. In connection with the voluntary redemption of the 2023 Notes, we incurred a loss on extinguishment of debt of $1.2 million, which is primarily comprised of the unamortized deferred issuance costs at the time of redemption. The 2023 Notes would have otherwise matured on November 1, 2023.

The indenture relating to the 2026 Notes and the 2024 Notes contains certain covenants, including (i) an inability to incur additional debt or issue additional debt or preferred securities unless the Company’s asset coverage meets the threshold specified in the 1940 Act after such borrowing, (ii) an inability to declare any dividend or distribution (except a dividend payable in our stock) on a class of our capital stock or to purchase shares of our capital stock unless the Company’s asset coverage meets the threshold specified in the 1940 Act at the time of (and giving effect to) such declaration or purchase, and (iii) if, at any time, we are not subject to the reporting requirements of the Exchange Act, we will provide the holders of the 2026 Notes and the 2024 Notes, as applicable, and the trustee with audited annual consolidated financial statements and unaudited interim consolidated financial statements.

The 2026 Notes and 2024 Notes are recorded at the principal amount, plus applicable premiums, less discounts and offering costs, on our Consolidated Statements of Assets and Liabilities.

The fair value, based on the last quoted closing price, of the 2024 Notes as of March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020 was $39.9 million and $38.7 million, respectively. We consider the trading price of the 2024 Notes to be a Level 1 input within the ASC 820 hierarchy. The fair value, based on a DCF analysis, of the 2026 Notes as of March 31, 2021 was $155.5 million. We consider the 2026 Notes to be Level 3 within the ASC 820 fair value hierarchy.

NOTE 6. MANDATORILY REDEEMABLE PREFERRED STOCK

In September 2017, we completed a public offering of approximately 2.1 million shares of our Series 2024 Term Preferred Stock at a public offering price of $25.00 per share. The shares of our Series 2024 Term Preferred Stock were traded under the ticker symbol “GLADN” on Nasdaq as of September 30, 2019.

On October 2, 2019, we voluntarily redeemed all 2,070,000 outstanding shares of our Series 2024 Term Preferred Stock at a redemption price of $25.00 per share, which represents the liquidation preference per share, plus accrued and unpaid dividends through October 1, 2019 in the amount of $0.004166 per share, for a total payment per share of $25.004166 and an aggregate redemption price of approximately $51.8 million. In connection with the voluntary redemption of our Series 2024 Term Preferred Stock, we incurred a loss on extinguishment of debt of $1.4 million, which has been reflected in Realized loss on other in our accompanying Consolidated Statement of Operations and which is primarily comprised of the unamortized deferred issuance costs at the time of redemption.

NOTE 7. REGISTRATION STATEMENT AND COMMON EQUITY OFFERINGS

Our shelf registration statement permits us to issue, through one or more transactions, up to an aggregate of $300.0 million in securities, consisting of common stock, preferred stock, subscription rights, debt securities and warrants to purchase common stock or preferred stock. As of March 31, 2021, we had the ability to issue up to an additional $65.8 million in securities under the registration statement.

 

36


Common Stock Offerings

In February 2019, we entered into an equity distribution agreement with Jefferies LLC (the “Jefferies Sales Agreement”) under which we have the ability to issue and sell, from time to time, up to an aggregate offering price of $50.0 million shares of our common stock. During the six months ended March 31, 2021, we sold 1,829,576 shares of our common stock under the Jefferies Sales Agreement, at a weighted-average price of $9.03 per share and raised $16.5 million of gross proceeds. Net proceeds, after deducting commissions and offering costs borne by us, were approximately $16.2 million. As of March 31, 2021, we had a remaining capacity to sell up to an additional $4.6 million of our common stock under the Jefferies Sales Agreement.

NOTE 8. NET INCREASE IN NET ASSETS RESULTING FROM OPERATIONS PER WEIGHTED AVERAGE COMMON SHARE

The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted net increase (decrease) in net assets resulting from operations per weighted average common share for the three and six months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020:

 

   Three Months Ended
March 31,
  Six Months Ended
March 31,
 
   2021   2020  2021   2020 

Numerator: basic and diluted net increase (decrease) in net assets resulting from operations per common share

  $21,299   $(27,775 $33,602   $(27,077

Denominator: basic and diluted weighted average common share

   32,765,980    31,145,484   32,428,089    30,827,780 
  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Basic and diluted net increase (decrease) in net assets resulting from operations per common share

  $0.65   $(0.89 $1.03   $(0.87
  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

   

 

 

 

NOTE 9. DISTRIBUTIONS TO COMMON STOCKHOLDERS

To qualify to be taxed as a RIC under Subchapter M of the Code, we must generally distribute to our stockholders, for each taxable year, at least 90% of our taxable ordinary income plus the excess of our net short-term capital gains over net long-term capital losses (“Investment Company Taxable Income”). The amount to be paid out as distributions to our stockholders is determined by our Board of Directors quarterly and is based on management’s estimate of Investment Company Taxable Income. Based on that estimate, our Board of Directors declares three monthly distributions to common stockholders each quarter.

The federal income tax characteristics of all distributions will be reported to stockholders on the IRS Form 1099 after the end of each calendar year. For the calendar year ended December 31, 2020, 97.3% of distributions to common stockholders were deemed to be paid from ordinary income and 2.7% of distributions to common stockholders were deemed to be a return of capital for 1099 stockholder reporting purposes. For the calendar year ended December 31, 2019, 97.4% of distributions to common stockholders were deemed to be paid from ordinary income and 2.6% of distributions to common stockholders were deemed to be a return of capital for 1099 stockholder reporting purposes.

We paid the following monthly distributions to common stockholders for the six months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020:

 

Fiscal Year

  

Declaration Date

  

Record Date

  

Payment Date

  Distribution per
Common Share
 

2021

  October 13, 2020  

October 23, 2020

  

October 30, 2020

  $0.065 
  October 13, 2020  

November 20, 2020

  

November 30, 2020

   0.065 
  October 13, 2020  

December 23, 2020

  

December 31, 2020

   0.065 
  January 12, 2021  

January 22, 2021

  

January 29, 2021

   0.065 
  January 12, 2021  

February 17, 2021

  

February 26, 2021

   0.065 
  January 12, 2021  

March 18, 2021

  

March 31, 2021

   0.065 
        

 

 

 
    Six Months Ended March 31, 2021:  $0.39 
      

 

 

 

 

Fiscal Year

  

Declaration Date

  

Record Date

  

Payment Date

  Distribution per
Common Share
 

2020

  October 8, 2019  

October 22, 2019

  

October 31, 2019

  $0.07 
  October 8, 2019  

November 19, 2019

  

November 29, 2019

   0.07 
  October 8, 2019  

December 19, 2019

  

December 31, 2019

   0.07 
  January 14, 2020  

January 24, 2020

  

January 31, 2020

   0.07 
  January 14, 2020  

February 19, 2020

  

February 28, 2020

   0.07 
  January 14, 2020  

March 20, 2020

  

March 31, 2020

   0.07 
        

 

 

 
    Six Months Ended March 31, 2020:  $0.42 
      

 

 

 

 

37


Aggregate distributions declared and paid to our common stockholders were approximately $12.7 million and $13.0 million for the six months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and were declared based on estimates of Investment Company Taxable Income for the respective fiscal years. For the fiscal year ended September 30, 2020, distributions declared and paid exceeded taxable income available for common distributions resulting in a partial return of capital of approximately $0.4 million.

For the six months ended March 31, 2021 and the fiscal year ended September 30, 2020, we recorded the following adjustments for book-tax differences to reflect tax character. Results of operations, total net assets, and cash flows were not affected by these adjustments.

 

   Six Months Ended
March 31, 2021
   Year Ended
September 30, 2020
 

Undistributed net investment income

  $(35  $(175

Accumulated net realized losses

   900    2,610 

Capital in excess of par value

   (865   (2,435

NOTE 10. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

Legal Proceedings

We are party to certain legal proceedings incidental to the normal course of our business. We are required to establish reserves for litigation matters where those matters present loss contingencies that are both probable and estimable. When loss contingencies are not both probable and estimable, we do not establish reserves. Based on current knowledge, we do not believe that loss contingencies, if any, arising from pending investigations, litigation or regulatory matters will have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows. Additionally, based on our current knowledge, we do not believe such loss contingencies are both probable and estimable and therefore, as of March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020, we had no established reserves for such loss contingencies.

Escrow Holdbacks

From time to time, we enter into arrangements relating to exits of certain investments whereby specific amounts of the proceeds are held in escrow to be used to satisfy potential obligations, as stipulated in the sales agreements. We record escrow amounts in Restricted cash and cash equivalents, if received in cash but subject to potential obligations or other contractual restrictions, or as escrow receivables in Other assets, net, if not yet received in cash, on our accompanying Consolidated Statements of Assets and Liabilities. We establish reserves and holdbacks against escrow amounts if we determine that it is probable and estimable that a portion of the escrow amounts will not ultimately be released or received at the end of the escrow period. There were no aggregate reserves recorded against the escrow amounts as of March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020.

Financial Commitments and Obligations

We have lines of credit, delayed draw term loans, and an uncalled capital commitment with certain of our portfolio companies that have not been fully drawn. Since these commitments have expiration dates and we expect many will never be fully drawn, the total commitment amounts do not necessarily represent future cash requirements. We estimate the fair value of the combined unused lines of credit, the unused delayed draw term loans and the uncalled capital commitment as of March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020 to be immaterial.

The following table summarizes the amounts of our unused lines of credit, delayed draw term loans and uncalled capital commitment, at cost, as of March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020, which are not reflected as liabilities in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Assets and Liabilities:

 

   March 31,
2021
   September 30,
2020
 

Unused line of credit commitments

  $28,746   $18,896 

Delayed draw term loans

   14,230    8,030 

Uncalled capital commitment

   843    843 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

  $43,819   $27,769 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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NOTE 11. FINANCIAL HIGHLIGHTS

 

   Three Months Ended March 31,  Six Months Ended March 31, 
   2021  2020  2021  2020 

Per Common Share Data:

     

Net asset value at beginning of period(A)

  $7.61  $8.08  $7.40  $8.22 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Income from operations(B)

     

Net investment income

   0.20   0.21   0.39   0.42 

Net realized and unrealized gain (loss) on investments

   0.49   (1.11  0.69   (1.25

Net realized and unrealized gain (loss) on other

   (0.04  0.01   (0.05  (0.04
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total from operations

   0.65   (0.89  1.03   (0.87
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Distributions to common stockholders from(B)(C)

     

Net investment income

   (0.18  (0.21  (0.36  (0.42

Return of capital

   (0.02  —     (0.03  —   
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total distributions

   (0.20  (0.21  (0.39  (0.42
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Capital share transactions(B)

     

Anti-dilutive effect of common stock issuance(D)

   0.05   0.01   0.07   0.06 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total capital share transactions

   0.05   0.01   0.07   0.06 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Net asset value at end of period(A)

  $8.11  $6.99  $8.11  $6.99 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Per common share market value at beginning of period

  $8.86  $9.93  $7.41  $9.75 

Per common share market value at end of period

   9.92   5.62   9.92   5.62 

Total return(E)

   14.26  (41.94)%   39.92  (39.64)% 

Common stock outstanding at end of period(A)

   33,396,426   31,192,639   33,396,426   31,192,639 

Statement of Assets and Liabilities Data:

     

Net assets at end of period

  $270,888  $217,923  $270,888  $217,923 

Average net assets(F)

   255,449   240,644   252,408   244,978 

Senior Securities Data:

     

Borrowings under Credit Facility, at cost

   41,200   92,100   41,200   92,100 

Long term debt

   188,813   96,313   188,813   96,313 

Ratios/Supplemental Data:

     

Ratio of net expenses to average net assets – annualized(G)(H)

   10.16  8.22  10.37  8.73

Ratio of net investment income to average net assets – annualized(I)

   10.02  10.88  10.05  10.58

 

(A) 

Based on actual shares outstanding at the end of the corresponding period.

(B) 

Based on weighted average basic per share data.

(C) 

The tax character of distributions is determined based on taxable income calculated in accordance with income tax regulations, which may differ from amounts determined under GAAP.

(D) 

During the three and six months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, the anti-dilution was a result of issuing common shares during the period at a price above the then current NAV per share.

(E)

Total return equals the change in the ending market value of our common stock from the beginning of the fiscal year, taking into account distributions reinvested in accordance with the terms of our dividend reinvestment plan. Total return does not take into account distributions that may be characterized as a return of capital. For further information on the estimated character of our distributions to common stockholders, refer to Note 9—Distributions to Common Stockholders.

(F)

Computed using the average of the balance of net assets at the end of each month of the reporting period.

(G) 

Ratio of net expenses to average net assets is computed using total expenses, net of credits from the Adviser, to the base management, loan servicing and incentive fees.

(H)

Had we not received any non-contractual, unconditional and irrevocable credits of fees from the Adviser, the ratio of net expenses to average net assets would have been 13.76% and 13.80% for the three and six months ended March 31, 2021, respectively, and 14.02% and 13.82% for the three and six months ended March 31, 2020, respectively.

(I)

Had we not received any non-contractual, unconditional and irrevocable credits of fees from the Adviser, the ratio of net investment income to average net assets would have been 6.48% and 6.68% for the three and six months ended March 31, 2021, respectively, and 5.18% and 5.58% for the three and six months ended March 31, 2020, respectively.

 

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NOTE 12. UNCONSOLIDATED SIGNIFICANT SUBSIDIARIES

In accordance with the SEC’s Regulation S-X, we do not consolidate portfolio company investments. Further, in accordance with ASC 946, we are precluded from consolidating any entity other than another investment company, except that ASC 946 provides for the consolidation of a controlled operating company that provides substantially all of its services to the investment company or its consolidated subsidiaries.

We did not have any unconsolidated subsidiaries that met any of the significance conditions under Rule 1-02(w)(2) of the SEC’s Regulation S-X as of or during the six months ended March 31, 2021. We did not have any unconsolidated subsidiaries that met any of the significance conditions under Rule 1-02(w) of the SEC’s Regulation S-X as of or during the six months ended March 31, 2020.

NOTE 13. SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

Portfolio Activity

In April 2021, we invested an additional $11.7 million in Encore Dredging Holdings, LLC, an existing portfolio company, through secured first lien debt and equity.

Transactions with the Advisor

On April 13, 2021, we entered into the Third Amended and Restated Investment Advisory and Management Agreement with the Adviser (the “Amended Agreement”). Our entry into the Amended Agreement was approved unanimously by our Board of Directors, including, specifically, its independent directors. The Amended Agreement maintains the revised “hurdle rate” included in the calculation of the Incentive Fee for the period beginning April 1, 2021 through March 31, 2022, which was previously amended for the period beginning April 1, 2020 through March 31, 2021, increasing the hurdle rate from 1.75% per quarter (7% annualized) to 2.00% per quarter (8% annualized) and increasing the excess Incentive Fee hurdle rate from 2.1875% per quarter (8.75% annualized) to 2.4375% per quarter (9.75% annualized). The calculation of the other fees in the Advisory Agreement remain unchanged. All other terms of the Advisory Agreement remained the same.

Distributions and Dividends

In April 2021, our Board of Directors declared the following monthly distributions to common stockholders:

 

Record Date

  

Payment Date

  Distribution per
Common Share
 
April 23, 2021  April 30, 2021  $0.065 
May 19, 2021  May 28, 2021   0.065 
June 18, 2021  June 30, 2021   0.065 
    

 

 

 
  Total for the Quarter:  $0.195 
    

 

 

 

 

40


ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

All statements contained herein, other than historical facts, may constitute “forward-looking statements.” These statements may relate to, among other things, our future operating results, our business prospects and the prospects of our portfolio companies, actual and potential conflicts of interest with Gladstone Management Corporation (the “Adviser”), our adviser, and its affiliates, the use of borrowed money to finance our investments, the adequacy of our financing sources and working capital, and our ability to co-invest, among other factors. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terminology such as “estimate,” “may,” “might,” “believe,” “will,” “provided,” “anticipate,” “future,” “could,” “growth,” “plan,” “project,” “intend,” “expect,” “should,” “would,” “if,” “seek,” “possible,” “potential,” “likely” or the negative or variations of such terms or comparable terminology. These forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause our actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Such factors include: (1) changes in the economy and the capital markets, including stock price volatility; (2) risks associated with negotiation and consummation of pending and future transactions; (3) the loss of one or more of our executive officers, in particular David Gladstone, Terry Lee Brubaker or Robert L. Marcotte; (4) changes in our investment objectives and strategy; (5) availability, terms (including the possibility of interest rate volatility) and deployment of capital; (6) changes in our industry, interest rates, exchange rates or the general economy; (7) our business prospects and the prospects of our portfolio companies; (8) the degree and nature of our competition; (9) changes in governmental regulation, tax rates and similar matters; (10) our ability to exit investments in a timely manner; (11) our ability to maintain our qualification as a regulated investment company (“RIC”) under Subchapter M of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”), and as a business development company (“BDC”) under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (the “1940 Act”); (12) those factors described herein, including Item 1A. “Risk Factors,” and in the “Risk Factors” section of our Annual Report on Form 10-K (our “Annual Report”) for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2020, filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on November 10, 2020 and (13) the impact of COVID-19 on the economy, our portfolio companies and the capital markets, including the measures taken by governmental authorities to address it, which may precipitate or exacerbate other risks and/or uncertainties. Additionally, many of the risks and uncertainties listed above, among others, are currently elevated by and may or will continue to be elevated by the COVID-19 pandemic. We caution readers not to place undue reliance on any such forward-looking statements. Actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in our forward-looking statements and future results could differ materially from historical performance. We have based forward-looking statements on information available to us on the date of this report. Except as required by the federal securities laws, we undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, after the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Although we undertake no obligation to revise or update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, you are advised to consult any additional disclosures that we may make directly to you or through reports that we have filed or in the future may file with the SEC from time to time, including annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and current reports on Form 8-K. The forward-looking statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are excluded from the safe harbor protection provided by the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.

The following analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our accompanying Consolidated Financial Statements and the notes thereto contained elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and in our Annual Report. Historical financial condition and results of operations and percentage relationships among any amounts in the financial statements are not necessarily indicative of financial condition or results of operations for any future periods. Except per share amounts, dollar amounts in the tables included herein are in thousands unless otherwise indicated.

OVERVIEW

General

We were incorporated under the Maryland General Corporation Law on May 30, 2001. We operate as an externally managed, closed-end, non-diversified management investment company, and have elected to be treated as a BDC under the 1940 Act. In addition, for federal income tax purposes we have elected to be treated as a RIC under the Code. To continue to qualify as a RIC for federal income tax purposes and obtain favorable RIC tax treatment, we must meet certain requirements, including certain minimum distribution requirements.

We were established for the purpose of investing in debt and equity securities of established private businesses operating in the U.S. Our investment objectives are to: (1) achieve and grow current income by investing in debt securities of established lower middle market businesses that we believe will provide stable earnings and cash flow to pay expenses, make principal and interest payments on our outstanding indebtedness and make distributions to stockholders that grow over time; and (2) provide our stockholders with long-term capital appreciation in the value of our assets by investing in equity securities of established businesses that we believe can grow over time to permit us to sell our equity investments for capital gains. To achieve our investment objectives, our investment strategy is to invest in several categories of debt and equity securities, with each investment generally ranging from $7 million to $30 million, although investment size may vary, depending upon our total assets or available capital at the time of investment. We expect that our investment portfolio over time will consist of approximately 90.0% debt investments and 10.0% equity investments, at cost. As of March 31, 2021, our investment portfolio was made up of approximately 90.8% debt investments and 9.2% equity investments, at cost.

 

41


We focus on investing in lower middle market companies (which we generally define as companies with annual earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization of $3 million to $15 million) in the U.S. that meet certain criteria, including the following: the sustainability of the business’ free cash flow and its ability to grow it over time, adequate assets for loan collateral, experienced management teams with a significant ownership interest in the borrower, reasonable capitalization of the borrower, including an ample equity contribution or cushion based on prevailing enterprise valuation multiples and, to a lesser extent, the potential to realize appreciation and gain liquidity in our equity position, if any. We lend to borrowers that need funds for growth capital or to finance acquisitions or recapitalize or refinance their existing debt facilities. We seek to avoid investing in high-risk, early-stage enterprises. Our targeted portfolio companies are generally considered too small for the larger capital marketplace.

We invest by ourselves or jointly with other funds and/or management of the portfolio company, depending on the opportunity. In July 2012, the SEC granted us an exemptive order (the “Co-Investment Order”) that expanded our ability to co-invest, under certain circumstances, with certain of our affiliates, including Gladstone Investment Corporation, a BDC also managed by the Adviser, and any future BDC or closed-end management investment company that is advised (or sub-advised if it controls the fund) by the Adviser, or any combination of the foregoing, subject to the conditions in the Co-Investment Order. Since 2012, we have opportunistically made several co-investments with Gladstone Investment Corporation pursuant to the Co-Investment Order. We believe the Co-Investment Order has enhanced and will continue to enhance our ability to further our investment objectives and strategies. If we are participating in an investment with one or more co-investors, our investment is likely to be smaller than if we were investing alone.

We are externally managed by the Adviser, an investment adviser registered with the SEC and an affiliate of ours, pursuant to an investment advisory and management agreement. The Adviser manages our investment activities. We have also entered into an administration agreement with Gladstone Administration, LLC (the “Administrator”), an affiliate of ours and the Adviser, whereby we pay separately for administrative services.

Additionally, Gladstone Securities, LLC (“Gladstone Securities”), a privately-held broker-dealer registered with the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority and insured by the Securities Investor Protection Corporation, which is 100% indirectly owned and controlled by Mr. Gladstone, our chairman and chief executive officer, has provided other services, such as investment banking and due diligence services, to certain of our portfolio companies, for which Gladstone Securities receives a fee.

Business

Portfolio and Investment Activity

In general, our investments in debt securities have a term of no more than seven years, accrue interest at variable rates (generally based on the 30-day London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”)) and, to a lesser extent, at fixed rates. We seek debt instruments that pay interest monthly or, at a minimum, quarterly, may have a success fee or deferred interest provision and are primarily interest only, with all principal and any accrued but unpaid interest due at maturity. Generally, success fees accrue at a set rate and are contractually due upon a change of control of a portfolio company, typically from an exit or sale. Some debt securities have deferred interest whereby some portion of the interest payment is added to the principal balance so that the interest is paid, together with the principal, at maturity. This form of deferred interest is often called paid-in-kind (“PIK”) interest.

Typically, our equity investments consist of common stock, preferred stock, limited liability company interests, or warrants to purchase the foregoing. Often, these equity investments occur in connection with our original investment, recapitalizing a business, or refinancing existing debt.

During the six months ended March 31, 2021, we invested $101.0 million in five new portfolio companies and extended $0.1 million in investments to existing portfolio companies. In addition, during the six months ended March 31, 2021, we exited six portfolio companies through early payoffs. We received a total of $82.1 million in combined net proceeds and principal repayments from the aforementioned portfolio company exits, as well as principal repayments by existing portfolio companies, during the six months ended March 31, 2021. This activity resulted in a net decrease in our overall portfolio by one portfolio company (to 47) and a net increase of $17.9 million in our portfolio at cost since September 30, 2020. From our initial public offering in August 2001 through March 31, 2021, we have made 563 different loans to, or investments in, 251 companies for a total of approximately $2.2 billion, before giving effect to principal repayments on investments and divestitures.

During the six months ended March 31, 2021, the following significant transactions occurred:

Proprietary Investments

 

  

In December 2020, we invested $19.0 million in Effective School Solutions LLC through secured first lien debt.

 

  

In December 2020, we invested $10.0 million in Encore Dredging Holdings, LLC through a combination of secured first lien debt and equity.

 

42


  

In December 2020, our investment in Aerospace Engineering, LLC paid off at par for net proceeds of $20.2 million. In conjunction with the payoff, we received a prepayment fee of $0.2 million.

 

  

In February 2021, we invested $20.5 million in SpaceCo Holdings, LLC through secured first lien debt.

 

  

In February 2021, we invested $24.5 million in Ohio Armor Holdings, LLC through a combination of secured first lien debt and equity.

 

  

In February 2021, our investment in Vacation Rental Pros Property Management, LLC paid off at par for net proceeds of $8.2 million.

 

  

In March 2021, we invested $27.0 million in MCG Energy Solutions, LLC through a combination of secured first lien debt and equity.

 

  

In March 2021, our investment in Magpul Industries Corp. paid off at par for net proceeds of $28.7 million. In conjunction with the payoff, we received a prepayment fee of $0.7 million.

 

  

In March 2021, our investment in Vision Government Solutions, Inc. paid off at par for net proceeds of $9.9 million.

Syndicated Investments

 

  

In December 2020, our investment in Edmentum Ultimate Holdings, LLC was sold, which resulted in a realized loss of approximately $2.4 million on our equity investment. In connection with the sale, we received net cash proceeds of approximately $4.9 million, including the repayment of our debt investment of $4.6 million at par.

 

  

In December 2020, our investment in Vertellus Holdings LLC was sold, which resulted in a realized loss of approximately $41 thousand. In connection with the sale, we received net cash proceeds of approximately $4.1 million, including the repayment of our debt investment of $1.1 million at par.

Capital Raising

We have been able to meet our capital needs through extensions of and increases to our line of credit under the Fifth Amended and Restated Credit Agreement with KeyBank National Association (“KeyBank”), as administrative agent, lead arranger and lender (as amended, our “Credit Facility”) and by accessing the capital markets in the form of public equity offerings of common and preferred stock and public debt offerings. We have successfully extended the Credit Facility’s revolving period multiple times, most recently to July 2021, and currently have a total commitment amount of $205.0 million. We sold 1,829,576 and 846,716 common shares under our at-the-market program during the six months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. In December 2020, we completed a debt offering of $100.0 million aggregate principal amount of our 5.125% Notes due 2026 (the “2026 Notes”). In March 2021, we completed a debt offering of an additional $50.0 million aggregate principal amount of the 2026 Notes. In October 2019, we completed a public debt offering of $38.8 million aggregate principal amount of our 5.375% Notes due 2024 (the “2024 Notes”), inclusive of the overallotment, and in November 2018, we completed a public debt offering of $57.5 million aggregate principal amount of our 6.125% Notes due 2023 (the “2023 Notes”), inclusive of the overallotment. Refer to “Liquidity and Capital Resources — Revolving Credit Facility,” “Liquidity and Capital Resources — Equity — Common Stock,” and “Liquidity and Capital Resources — Notes Payable” for further discussion.

Although we have been able to access the capital markets historically and in recent years, market conditions, including the impact of COVID-19, may affect the trading price of our capital stock and thus may inhibit our ability to finance new investments through the issuance of equity in the future. When our common stock trades below net asset value (“NAV”) per common share, our ability to issue equity is constrained by provisions of the 1940 Act, which generally prohibits the issuance and sale of our common stock below NAV per common share without first obtaining approval from our stockholders and our independent directors, other than through sales to our then-existing stockholders pursuant to a rights offering.

On March 31, 2021, the closing market price of our common stock was $9.92 per share, a 22.3% premium to our March 31, 2021 NAV per share of $8.11.

Regulatory Compliance

Our ability to seek external debt financing, to the extent that it is available under current market conditions, is further subject to the asset coverage limitations of the 1940 Act, which require us to have an asset coverage (as defined in Sections 18 and 61 of the 1940 Act) of at least 150% on our “senior securities representing indebtedness” and our “senior securities that are stock.”

On April 10, 2018, our Board of Directors, including a “required majority” (as such term is defined in Section 57(o) of the 1940 Act) thereof, approved the modified asset coverage requirements set forth in Section 61(a)(2) of the 1940 Act. As a result, the Company’s asset coverage requirements for senior securities changed from 200% to 150%, effective April 10, 2019.

 

43


As of March 31, 2021, our asset coverage on our “senior securities representing indebtedness” was 215.5%.

Recent Developments

Distributions

In April 2021, our Board of Directors declared the following monthly distributions to common stockholders:

 

Record Date

  

Payment Date

  Distribution per
Common Share
 
April 23, 2021  April 30, 2021  $0.065 
May 19, 2021  May 28, 2021   0.065 
June 18, 2021  June 30, 2021   0.065 
    

 

 

 
  Total for the Quarter:  $0.195 
    

 

 

 

LIBOR Transition

In general, our investments in debt securities have a term of five years, accrue interest at variable rates (based on the one-month LIBOR) and, to a lesser extent, at fixed rates. LIBOR is currently anticipated to be phased out in June 2023. LIBOR is currently expected to transition to a new standard rate, the Secured Overnight Financing Rate (“SOFR”), which will incorporate certain overnight repo market data collected from multiple data sets. To attain an equivalent one-month rate, we currently intend to adjust the SOFR to minimize the difference between the interest that a borrower would be paying using LIBOR versus what it will be paying using SOFR. We are currently monitoring the transition and cannot assure you whether SOFR will become a standard rate for variable rate debt. We expect we will need to renegotiate certain loan documents with our portfolio companies that utilize LIBOR as a factor in determining the interest rate to include LIBOR replacement language. Assuming that SOFR replaces LIBOR and is appropriately adjusted to equate to one-month LIBOR, we expect that there should be minimal impact on our operations.

COVID-19

We continue to monitor and work with the management teams and shareholders of our portfolio companies to navigate the significant market, operational and economic challenges created by the continuing COVID-19 pandemic. The Company’s investment portfolio continues to be focused on a diversified mix of industries and sectors that are generally expected to be more durable than industries or sectors that are more prone to economic cycles including consumer or retail industries. We believe our portfolio companies have taken actions to effectively and efficiently respond to the challenges posed by COVID-19 and related orders imposed by state and local governments including paused or reversed reopening orders, including developing liquidity plans supported by internal cash reserves, shareholder support, and, as appropriate, accessing the government Paycheck Protection Program. We believe we have sufficient levels of liquidity to support our existing portfolio companies, as necessary, and selectively deploy capital in new investment opportunities.

 

44


RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Comparison of the Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 to the Three Months Ended March 31, 2020

 

   Three Months Ended March 31, 
   2021  2020  $ Change  % Change 

INVESTMENT INCOME

     

Interest income

  $11,886  $11,002  $884   8.0

Success fee, dividend, and other income

   999   490   509   103.9 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total investment income

   12,885   11,492   1,393   12.1 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

EXPENSES

     

Base management fee

   2,095   1,840   255   13.9 

Loan servicing fee

   1,396   1,443   (47  (3.3

Incentive fee

   1,381   1,227   154   12.6 

Administration fee

   332   358   (26  (7.3

Interest expense on borrowings and notes payable

   2,822   2,582   240   9.3 

Amortization of deferred financing fees

   338   363   (25  (6.9

Other expenses

   398   580   (182  (31.4
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Expenses, before credits from Adviser

   8,762   8,393   369   4.4 

Credit to base management fee – loan servicing fee

   (1,396  (1,443  47   (3.3

Credits to fees from Adviser - other

   (880  (2,005  1,125   (56.1
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total expenses, net of credits

   6,486   4,945   1,541   31.2 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

NET INVESTMENT INCOME

   6,399   6,547   (148  (2.3
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

NET REALIZED AND UNREALIZED GAIN (LOSS)

     

Net realized gain (loss) on investments

   63   (3,070  3,133   (102.1)% 

Net realized gain (loss) on other

   (1,152  —     (1,152  NM 

Net unrealized appreciation (depreciation) of investments

   16,009   (31,436  47,445   (150.9)% 

Net unrealized appreciation of other

   (20  184   (204  (110.9)% 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Net gain (loss) from investments and other

   14,900   (34,322  49,222   (143.4)% 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

NET INCREASE (DECREASE) IN NET ASSETS RESULTING FROM OPERATIONS

  $21,299  $(27,775 $49,074   (176.7)% 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

NM = Not Meaningful

Investment Income

Interest income increased by 8.0% for the three months ended March 31, 2021, as compared to the prior year period. The increase was due primarily to an increase in the weighted average principal balance of our interest bearing portfolio, partially offset by a decrease in the weighted average yield on our interest bearing portfolio. The weighted average principal balance of our interest-bearing investment portfolio for the three months ended March 31, 2021, was $454.1 million, compared to $404.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020, an increase of $49.8 million, or 12.3%. The weighted average yield on our interest-bearing investments is based on the current stated interest rate on interest-bearing investments, which decreased to 10.6% for the three months ended March 31, 2021, compared to 10.9% for the three months ended March 31, 2020, inclusive of any allowances on interest receivables made during those periods. The decrease was driven mainly by a decrease in LIBOR over the two respective periods and competitive marketplace conditions.

As of March 31, 2021, loans to one portfolio company, B+T Group Acquisition Inc. were on non-accrual status with an aggregate debt cost basis of $7.2 million, or 1.5% of the cost basis of all debt investments in our portfolio. As of September 30, 2020, loans to one portfolio company, B+T Group Acquisition Inc. were on non-accrual status with an aggregate debt cost basis of $7.2 million, or 1.6% of the cost basis of all debt investments in our portfolio.

Other income increased by 103.9% during the three months ended March 31, 2021, as compared to the prior year period, primarily due to an increase in prepayment fee income, period over period, partially offset by a decrease in success fees received period over period.

As of March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020, no single investment represented greater than 10% of the total investment portfolio at fair value.

 

45


Expenses

Expenses, net of any non-contractual, unconditional and irrevocable credits to fees from the Adviser, increased $1.5 million, or 31.2%, for the three months ended March 31, 2021, as compared to the prior year period. This increase was primarily due to a $1.1 million decrease in fee credits granted by the Adviser.

Total interest expense on borrowings and notes payable increased by $0.2 million, or 9.3%, during the three months ended March 31, 2021, as compared to the prior year period. This increase was driven by an increase in our overall funding needs and a change in the composition of our debt financing. Interest expense on our notes payable increased by $0.6 million period over period with the issuance of the 2026 Notes in December 2020 and March 2021, partially offset by the redemption of the 2023 Notes in January 2021. Interest expense on our Credit Facility decreased by $0.4 million, period over period, driven primarily by a decrease in the effective interest rate and a decrease in the weighted average balance outstanding on our Credit Facility, partially offset by an increase in unused commitment fees. The effective interest rate on our Credit Facility, including unused commitment fees incurred, but excluding the impact of deferred financing costs, was 4.6% during the three months ended March 31, 2021, compared to 5.3% during the prior year period. The decrease in the effective interest rate was driven primarily by a decrease in LIBOR as compared to the prior year period. The weighted average balance outstanding on our Credit Facility was $69.4 million during the three months ended March 31, 2021, as compared to $89.5 million in the prior year period, a decrease of 22.5%. Unused commitment fees increased to $0.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021, as compared to $0.2 million for the prior year period.

The net base management fee earned by the Adviser decreased by $36 thousand, or 2.4%, for the three months ended March 31, 2021, as compared to the prior year period, resulting from an increase in credits from the Adviser period over period driven by an increase in new deal activity, partially offset by an increase in average total assets subject to the base management fee.

The income-based incentive fee increased by $0.2 million, or 12.6%, for the three months ended March 31, 2021, as compared to the prior year period, due to higher pre-incentive fee net investment income as compared to the prior year period, partially offset by the increased hurdle rate as compared to the prior year period. The hurdle rate was 2.0% for the three months ended March 31, 2021, as compared to 1.75% for the three months ended March 31, 2020. During the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, our Board of Directors accepted non-contractual, unconditional and irrevocable credits from the Adviser of $0.2 million and $1.6 million, respectively, to reduce the income-based incentive fee to the extent net investment income did not cover 100.0% of our distributions to common stockholders.

The base management, loan servicing and incentive fees, and associated non-contractual, unconditional and irrevocable credits, are computed quarterly, as described under “Transactions with the Adviser” in Note 4—Related Party Transactions of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements and are summarized in the following table:

 

   Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
   2021  2020 

Average total assets subject to base management fee(A)

  $478,857  $420,571 

Multiplied by prorated annual base management fee of 1.75%

   0.4375  0.4375
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Base management fee(B)

  $2,095  $1,840 

Portfolio company fee credit

   (574  (263

Syndicated loan fee credit

   (81  (101
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Net Base Management Fee

  $1,440  $1,476 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Loan servicing fee(B)

   1,396   1,443 

Credit to base management fee - loan servicing fee(B)

   (1,396  (1,443
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Net Loan Servicing Fee

  $—    $—   
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Incentive fee(B)

   1,381   1,227 

Incentive fee credit

   (225  (1,641
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Net Incentive Fee

  $1,156  $(414
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Portfolio company fee credit

   (574  (263

Syndicated loan fee credit

   (81  (101

Incentive fee credit

   (225  (1,641
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Credits to Fees From Adviser - other(B)

  $(880 $(2,005
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

 

(A) 

Average total assets subject to the base management fee is defined as total assets, including investments made with proceeds of borrowings, less any uninvested cash or cash equivalents resulting from borrowings, valued at the end of the applicable quarters within the respective periods and adjusted appropriately for any share issuances or repurchases during the periods.

(B)

Reflected, on a gross basis, as a line item on our Consolidated Statements of Operations.

 

46


Net Realized and Unrealized Gain (Loss)

Net Realized Gain (Loss) on Investments

For the three months ended March 31, 2021, we recorded a net realized gain on investments of $0.1 million, which resulted primarily from the gain recognized on our investment in Funko, LLC.

For the three months ended March 31, 2020, we recorded a net realized loss on investments of $3.1 million, which resulted primarily from the sale of our investment in Meridian Rack & Pinion, Inc. in January 2020 for a $5.6 million realized loss, partially offset by a realized gain of $2.5 million from the sale of our investment in The Mochi Ice Cream Company in January 2020.

Net Unrealized Appreciation (Depreciation) of Investments

During the three months ended March 31, 2021, we recorded net unrealized appreciation of investments in the aggregate amount of $16.0 million. The net realized gain (loss) and unrealized appreciation (depreciation) across our investments for the three months ended March 31, 2021 were as follows:

 

                                                                                        
   Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 

Portfolio Company

  Realized
Gain
(Loss)
   Unrealized
Appreciation
(Depreciation)
  Reversal of
Unrealized
(Appreciation)

Depreciation
  Net
Gain
(Loss)
 

AG Transportation Holdings, LLC

  $—     $5,512  $—    $5,512 

Antenna Research Associates, Inc.

   —      3,521   —     3,521 

NetFortris Corp.

   —      1,076   —     1,076 

American Trailer Rental Group LLC

   —      1,015   —     1,015 

Imperative Holdings Corporation

   —      819   —     819 

Defiance Integrated Technologies, Inc.

   —      659   —     659 

TNCP Intermediate HoldCo, LLC

   —      639   —     639 

Targus Cayman HoldCo, Ltd.

   —      636   —     636 

Triple H Food Processors, LLC

   —      492   —     492 

Lignetics, Inc.

   —      432   —     432 

EL Academies, Inc.

   —      410   —     410 

Sea Link International IRB, Inc.

   —      395   —     395 

DKI Ventures, LLC

   —      366   —     366 

PIC 360, LLC

   —      338   —     338 

Canopy Safety Brands, LLC

   —      221   —     221 

Leeds Novamark Capital I, L.P.

   —      220   —     220 

ENET Holdings, LLC

   —      (750  —     (750

Other, net (<$500)

   63    198   (190  71 
  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total:

  $63   $16,199  $(190 $16,072 
  

 

 

   

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

The primary driver of net unrealized appreciation of $16.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 was the improvement in the financial and operational performance across a number of our portfolio companies and an increase in comparable multiples used to estimate the fair value of several of our portfolio companies, partially offset by a decrease in performance of certain of our other portfolio companies.

 

47


During the three months ended March 31, 2020, we recorded net unrealized depreciation of investments in the aggregate amount of $31.4 million. The net realized gain (loss) and unrealized appreciation (depreciation) across our investments for the three months ended March 31, 2020, were as follows:

 

   Three Months Ended March 31, 2020 

Portfolio Company

  Realized Gain
(Loss)
  Unrealized
Appreciation
(Depreciation)
  Reversal of
Unrealized
(Appreciation)

Depreciation
  Net
Gain (Loss)
 

Meridian Rack & Pinion, Inc.

  $(5,589 $—    $5,589  $—   

The Mochi Ice Cream Company

   2,508   —     (2,570  (62

Belnick, Inc.

   —     (150  —     (150

CPM Holdings, Inc.

   —     (155  —     (155

Defiance Integrated Technologies, Inc.

   —     (185  —     (185

Edmentum Ultimate Holdings, LLC

   —     (185  —     (185

Canopy Safety Brands, LLC

   —     (208  —     (208

Targus Cayman HoldCo, Ltd.

   —     (214  —     (214

Triple H Food Processors, LLC

   —     (261  —     (261

Arc Drilling Holdings LLC

   —     (274  —     (274

Prophet Brand Strategy

   —     (293  —     (293

Universal Survey Center, Inc.

   —     (315  —     (315

AG Transportation Holdings, LLC

   —     (323  —     (323

B+T Group Acquisition Inc.

   —     (342  —     (342

DiscoverOrg, LLC

   —     (364  —     (364

American Trailer Rental Group LLC

   —     (388  —     (388

CHA Holdings, Inc.

   —     (391  —     (391

DKI Ventures, LLC

   —     (407  —     (407

Vision Government Solutions, Inc.

   —     (443  —     (443

Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils, LLC

   —     (477  —     (477

Gray Matter Systems, LLC

   —     (500  —     (500

Travel Sentry, Inc.

   —     (550  —     (550

8th Avenue Food & Provisions, Inc.

   —     (598  —     (598

Tailwind Smith Cooper Intermediate Corporation

   —     (880  —     (880

Keystone Acquisition Corp.

   —     (883  —     (883

Lignetics, Inc.

   —     (883  —     (883

Medical Solutions Holdings, Inc.

   —     (933  —     (933

LWO Acquisitions Company LLC

   —     (967  —     (967

R2i Holdings, LLC

   —     (981  —     (981

Sea Link International IRB, Inc.

   —     (1,039  —     (1,039

Drive Chassis Holdco, LLC

   —     (1,056  —     (1,056

Café Zupas

   —     (1,298  —     (1,298

Vacation Rental Pros Property Management, LLC

   —     (1,477  —     (1,477

NetFortris Corp.

   —     (2,467  —     (2,467

FES Resources Holdings LLC

   —     (2,601  —     (2,601

ENET Holdings, LLC

   —     (2,683  —     (2,683

EL Academies, Inc.

   —     (2,743  —     (2,743

Imperative Holdings Corporation

   —     (3,127  —     (3,127

Edge Adhesives Holdings, Inc.

   —     (3,174  —     (3,174

Other, net (<$500)

   11   (213  (27  (229
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total:

  $(3,070 $(34,428 $2,992  $(34,506
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

In March 2020, the U.S. loan market exhibited a heightened level of volatility and wider credit spreads associated with the uncertainty and potentially adverse economic ramifications of the rapid spread of COVID-19. The combination of the marked increase in market spreads for comparable loan investments and discounts applied to any portfolio company whose markets, or operations were impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic, were the primary drivers of net unrealized depreciation of investments of $31.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020. The decreased performance of certain of our portfolio companies, a decrease in comparable multiples used to estimate the fair value of several of our portfolio companies, and the reversal of previously recorded unrealized appreciation of The Mochi Ice Cream Company upon exit, partially offset by the reversal of previously recorded unrealized depreciation upon the exit of Meridian Rack & Pinion, Inc. also impacted the total net unrealized depreciation.

Net Realized Loss on Other

We incurred a loss on extinguishment of debt of $1.2 million during the three months ended March 31, 2021, which resulted from the write-off of unamortized deferred issuance costs at the time of redemption of our 2023 Notes in January 2021. No such amounts were recorded during the three months ended March 31, 2020.

 

48


Net Unrealized (Appreciation) Depreciation of Other

During the three months ended March 31, 2021, we recorded $20 thousand of unrealized depreciation related to a change in the fair value of our Credit Facility versus $0.2 million of unrealized appreciation during the prior year period.

 

49


Comparison of the Six Months Ended March 31, 2021 to the Six Months Ended March 31, 2020

 

   For the Six Months Ended March 31, 
   2021  2020  $ Change  % Change 

INVESTMENT INCOME

     

Interest income

  $23,968  $22,458  $1,510   6.7

Success fee, dividend, and other income

   1,799   1,193   606   50.8 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total investment income

   25,767   23,651   2,116   8.9 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

EXPENSES

     

Base management fee

   4,097   3,692   405   11.0 

Loan servicing fee

   2,744   2,846   (102  (3.6

Incentive fee

   2,748   2,621   127   4.8 

Administration fee

   687   729   (42  (5.8

Interest expense on borrowings and notes payable

   5,390   5,119   271   5.3 

Amortization of deferred financing fees

   756   724   32   4.4 

Other expenses

   940   1,120   (180  (16.1
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Expenses, before credits from Adviser

   17,362   16,851   511   3.0 

Credits to base management fee – loan servicing fee

   (2,744  (2,846  102   (3.6

Credits to fees from Adviser – other

   (1,530  (3,318  1,788   (53.9
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total expenses, net of credits

   13,088   10,687   2,401   22.5 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

NET INVESTMENT INCOME

   12,679   12,964   (285  (2.2
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

NET REALIZED AND UNREALIZED GAIN (LOSS)

     

Net realized gain (loss) on investments

   (2,081  (7,504  5,423   (72.3

Net realized gain (loss) on other

   (1,160  (1,407  247   (17.6

Net unrealized appreciation (depreciation) of investments

   24,504   (31,297  55,801   (178.3

Net unrealized appreciation of other

   (340  167   (507  (303.6
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Net gain (loss) from investments and other

   20,923   (40,041  60,964   (152.3
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

NET INCREASE (DECREASE) IN NET ASSETS RESULTING FROM OPERATIONS

  $33,602  $(27,077 $60,679   (224.1)% 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Investment Income

Interest income increased by 6.7% for the six months ended March 31, 2021, as compared to the prior year period. The increase was due primarily to an increase in the weighted average principal balance of our interest-bearing portfolio, partially offset by a decrease in the weighted average yield on our interest-bearing portfolio. The weighted average principal balance of our interest-bearing investment portfolio for the six months ended March 31, 2021 was $448.7 million, compared to $402.8 million for the six months ended March 31, 2020, an increase of $45.9 million, or 11.4%. The weighted average yield on our interest-bearing investments is based on the current stated interest rate on interest-bearing investments, which decreased to 10.7% for the six months ended March 31, 2021, compared to 11.1% for the six months ended March 31, 2020, inclusive of any allowances on interest receivables made during those periods. The decrease was driven mainly by a decrease in LIBOR over the two respective periods and competitive marketplace conditions.

As of March 31, 2021, loans to one portfolio company, B+T Group Acquisition Inc. were on non-accrual status with an aggregate debt cost basis of $7.2 million, or 1.5% of the cost basis of all debt investments in our portfolio. As of September 30, 2020, loans to one portfolio company, B+T Group Acquisition Inc. were on non-accrual status with an aggregate debt cost basis of $7.2 million, or 1.6% of the cost basis of all debt investments in our portfolio.

Other income increased by 50.8% during the six months ended March 31, 2021, as compared to the prior year period primarily due to increases in prepayment fee and dividend income, period over period, partially offset by a decrease in success fees received period over period.

As of March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2019, no single investment represented greater than 10% of the total investment portfolio at fair value.

 

50


Expenses

Expenses, net of any non-contractual, unconditional and irrevocable credits to fees from the Adviser, increased by $2.4 million, or 22.5%, for the six months ended March 31, 2021, as compared to the prior year period. This increase was primarily due to a $1.8 million decrease in fee credits granted by the Adviser.

Total interest expense on borrowings and notes payable increased by $0.3 million, or 5.3%, during the six months ended March 31, 2021, as compared to the prior year period. This increase was driven by an increase in our overall funding needs and a change in the composition of our overall debt financing. Interest expense on our notes payable increased by $0.9 million period over period with the issuance of the 2026 Notes in December 2020 and March 2021, partially offset by the redemption of the 2023 Notes in January 2021. Interest expense on our Credit Facility decreased by $0.6 million period over period, driven primarily by a decrease in LIBOR. The effective interest rate on our Credit Facility, including unused commitment fees incurred, but excluding the impact of deferred financing costs, was 4.0% during the six months ended March 31, 2021, compared to 5.3% during the prior year period. The weighted average balance outstanding on our Credit Facility was $87.4 million during the six months ended March 31, 2021, as compared to $88.8 million in the prior year period, a decrease of 1.6%.

The net base management fee earned by the Adviser increased by $0.1 million, or 5.2%, during the six months ended March 31, 2021, as compared to the prior year period, resulting from an increase in average total assets subject to the base management fee period over period.

The income-based incentive fee increased by $0.1 million, or 4.8%, for the six months ended March 31, 2021, as compared to the prior year period, due to higher pre-incentive fee net investment income as compared to the prior year period, partially offset by the increased hurdle rate as compared to the prior year period. The hurdle rate was 2.0% for the six months ended March 31, 2021, as compared to 1.75% for the six months ended March 31, 2020. During the six months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, our Board of Directors accepted non-contractual, unconditional and irrevocable credits from the Adviser of $0.4 million and $2.5 million, respectively, to reduce the income-based incentive fee to the extent net investment income did not cover 100.0% of our distributions to common stockholders.

The base management, loan servicing and incentive fees, and associated non-contractual, unconditional and irrevocable credits, are computed quarterly, as described under “Transactions with the Adviser” in Note 4—Related Party Transactions of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements and are summarized in the following table:

 

   Six Months Ended
March 31,
 
   2021  2020 

Average total assets subject to base management fee(A)

  $468,229  $421,943 

Multiplied by prorated annual base management fee of 1.75%

   0.875  0.875
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Base management fee(B)

  $4,097  $3,692 

Portfolio company fee credit

   (926  (615

Syndicated loan fee credit

   (168  (222
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Net Base Management Fee

  $3,003  $2,855 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Loan servicing fee(B)

   2,744   2,846 

Credits to base management fee - loan servicing fee(B)

   (2,744  (2,846
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Net Loan Servicing Fee

  $—    $—   
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Incentive fee(B)

   2,748   2,621 

Incentive fee credit

   (436  (2,481
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Net Incentive Fee

  $2,312  $140 
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Portfolio company fee credit

   (926  (615

Syndicated loan fee credit

   (168  (222

Incentive fee credit

   (436  (2,481
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Credit to Fees From Adviser - other(B)

  $(1,530 $(3,318
  

 

 

  

 

 

 

 

(A) 

Average total assets subject to the base management fee is defined as total assets, including investments made with proceeds of borrowings, less any uninvested cash or cash equivalents resulting from borrowings, valued at the end of the applicable quarters within the respective periods and adjusted appropriately for any share issuances or repurchases during the periods.

(B) 

Reflected, on a gross basis, as a line item on our accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations.

 

51


Net Realized and Unrealized Gain (Loss)

Net Realized Gain (Loss) on Investments

For the six months ended March 31, 2021, we recorded a net realized loss on investments of $2.1 million, which resulted primarily from the realized loss of $2.4 million recognized on our investment in Edmentum Ultimate Holdings, LLC.

For the six months ended March 31, 2020, we recorded a net realized loss on investments of $7.5 million, which resulted primarily from the sale of our investment in Meridian Rack & Pinion, Inc. in January 2020 for a $5.6 million realized loss and the loss recognized on our investment in New Trident Holdcorp, Inc. of $4.4 million in December 2019, partially offset by a realized gain of $2.5 million from the sale of our investment in The Mochi Ice Cream Company in January 2020.

Net Unrealized Appreciation (Depreciation) of Investments

During the six months ended March 31, 2021, we recorded net unrealized appreciation of investments in the aggregate amount of $24.5 million. The net realized gain (loss) and unrealized appreciation (depreciation) across our investments for the six months ended March 31, 2021, were as follows:

 

   Six Months Ended March 31, 2021 

Portfolio Company

  Realized Gain
(Loss)
  Unrealized
Appreciation
(Depreciation)
  Reversal of
Unrealized
Depreciation
(Appreciation)
  Net Gain
(Loss)
 

AG Transportation Holdings, LLC

  $—    $6,788  $—    $6,788 

Antenna Research Associates, Inc.

   —     4,015   —     4,015 

American Trailer Rental Group LLC

   —     1,213   —     1,213 

Triple H Food Processors, LLC

   —     1,094   —     1,094 

Targus Cayman HoldCo, Ltd.

   —     1,043   —     1,043 

NetFortris Corp.

   —     984   —     984 

PIC 360, LLC

   —     856   —     856 

TNCP Intermediate HoldCo, LLC

   —     831   —     831 

EL Academies, Inc.

   —     669   —     669 

DKI Ventures, LLC

   —     615   —     615 

Defiance Integrated Technologies, Inc.

   —     502   —     502 

Edmentum Ultimate Holdings, LLC

   (2,351  —     2,770   419 

Café Zupas

   —     454   —     454 

Sea Link International IRB, Inc.

   —     425   —     425 

Lignetics, Inc.

   —     417   —     417 

R2i Holdings, LLC

   —     412   —     412 

Keystone Acquisition Corp.

   —     395   —     395 

Tailwind Smith Cooper Intermediate Corporation

   —     334   —     334 

Vertellus Holdings LLC

   (41  —     313   272 

Drive Chassis Holdco, LLC

   —     260   —     260 

Medical Solutions Holdings, Inc.

   —     233   —     233 

Leeds Novamark Capital I, L.P.

   —     220   —     220 

Gray Matter Systems, LLC

   —     203   —     203 

SpaceCo Holdings, LLC

   —     202   —     202 

Belnick, Inc.

   —     175   —     175 

Canopy Safety Brands, LLC

   —     163   —     163 

ENET Holdings, LLC

   —     (1,124  —     (1,124

Other, net (<$500)

   311   232   (190  353 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total:

  $(2,081 $21,611  $2,893  $22,423 
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

The primary driver of net unrealized appreciation of $24.5 million for the six months ended March 31, 2021 was the improvement in the financial and operational performance across a number of our portfolio companies and an increase in comparable multiples used to estimate the fair value of several of our portfolio companies, partially offset by the decline in the financial and operational performance of certain of our other portfolio companies, including most notably, ENET Holdings, LLC.

 

52


During the six months ended March 31, 2020, we recorded net unrealized depreciation of investments in the aggregate amount of $31.3 million. The net realized gain (loss) and unrealized appreciation (depreciation) across our investments for the six months ended March 31, 2020, were as follows:

 

   Six Months Ended March 31, 2020 

Portfolio Company

  Realized Gain
(Loss)
  Unrealized
Appreciation
(Depreciation)
  Reversal of
Unrealized
Depreciation
(Appreciation)
  Net Gain
(Loss)
 

The Mochi Ice Cream Company

  $2,508  $1,541  $(2,570 $1,479 

Leeds Novamark Capital I, L.P.

   —     285   —     285 

New Trident Holdcorp, Inc.

   (4,409  —     4,409   —   

Meridian Rack & Pinion, Inc.

   (5,589  (112  5,589   (112

Funko Acquisition Holdings, LLC

   9   (137  —     (128

CPM Holdings, Inc.

   —     (170  —     (170

Edmentum Ultimate Holdings, LLC

   —     (171  —     (171

Belnick, Inc.

   —     (250  —     (250

Precision International, LLC

   —     (252  —     (252

Vertellus Holdings LLC

   —     (261  —     (261

AG Transportation Holdings, LLC

   —     (262  —     (262

Canopy Safety Brands, LLC

   —     (267  —     (267

Universal Survey Center, Inc.

   —     (315  —     (315

Prophet Brand Strategy

   —     (325  —     (325

DiscoverOrg, LLC

   —     (348  —     (348

American Trailer Rental Group LLC

   —     (388  —     (388

CHA Holdings, Inc.

   —     (393  —     (393

Vision Government Solutions, Inc.

   —     (419  —     (419

Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils, LLC

   —     (427  —     (427

Gray Matter Systems, LLC

   —     (472  —     (472

Travel Sentry, Inc.

   —     (525  —     (525

B+T Group Acquisition Inc.

   —     (606  —     (606

8th Avenue Food & Provisions, Inc.

   —     (617  —     (617

Triple H Food Processors, LLC

   —     (725  —     (725

DKI Ventures, LLC

   —     (837  —     (837

Lignetics, Inc.

   —     (874  —     (874

LWO Acquisitions Company LLC

   —     (881  —     (881

Keystone Acquisition Corp.

   —     (885  —     (885

Targus Cayman HoldCo, Ltd.

   —     (885  —     (885

Tailwind Smith Cooper Intermediate Corporation

   —     (910  —     (910

Medical Solutions Holdings, Inc.

   —     (935  —     (935

Vacation Rental Pros Property Management, LLC

   —     (1,158  —     (1,158

Drive Chassis Holdco, LLC

   —     (1,212  —     (1,212

Café Zupas

   —     (1,298  —     (1,298

Sea Link International IRB, Inc.

   —     (1,356  —     (1,356

R2i Holdings, LLC

   —     (1,423  —     (1,423

NetFortris Corp.

   —     (1,763  —     (1,763

EL Academies, Inc.

   —     (2,856  —     (2,856

Defiance Integrated Technologies, Inc.

   —     (2,909  —     (2,909

ENET Holdings, LLC

   —     (3,045  —     (3,045

Imperative Holdings Corporation

   —     (3,165  —     (3,165

FES Resources Holdings LLC

   —     (3,236  —     (3,236

Edge Adhesives Holdings, Inc.

   —     (3,264  —     (3,264

Other, net (<$500)

   (23  (88  (129  (240
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

Total:

  $(7,504 $(38,596 $7,299  $(38,801
  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

 

In March 2020, the U.S. loan market exhibited a heightened level of volatility and wider credit spreads associated with the uncertainty and potentially adverse economic ramifications of the rapid spread of COVID-19. The combination of the marked increase in market spreads for comparable loan investments and discounts applied to any portfolio company whose markets, or operations were impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic, were the primary drivers of net unrealized depreciation of investments of $31.3 million for the six months ended March 31, 2020. The decreased performance of certain of our portfolio companies, a decrease in comparable multiples used to estimate the fair value of several of our portfolio companies, and the reversal of previously recorded unrealized appreciation of The Mochi Ice Cream Company upon exit, partially offset by the reversal of previously recorded unrealized depreciation upon the exit of Meridian Rack & Pinion, Inc. and New Trident Holdcorp, Inc. also impacted the total net unrealized depreciation.

Net Realized Loss on Other

We incurred a loss on extinguishment of debt of $1.2 million during the six months ended March 31, 2021, which resulted from the write-off of unamortized deferred issuance costs at the time of redemption of our 2023 Notes in January 2021. We incurred a loss on extinguishment of debt of $1.4 million during the six months ended March 31, 2020, which resulted from the write-off of unamortized deferred issuance costs at the time of redemption of our Series 2024 Term Preferred Stock in October 2019.

 

53


Net Unrealized (Appreciation) Depreciation of Other

During the six months ended March 31, 2021, we recorded $0.3 million of unrealized depreciation on our Credit Facility at fair value versus $0.2 million of unrealized appreciation during the prior year period.

 

54


LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

Operating Activities

Our cash flows from operating activities are primarily generated from the interest payments on debt securities that we receive from our portfolio companies, as well as net proceeds received through repayments or sales of our investments. We utilize this cash primarily to fund new investments, make interest payments on our Credit Facility, make distributions to our stockholders, pay management and administrative fees to the Adviser and Administrator, and for other operating expenses.

Net cash used in operating activities for the six months ended March 31, 2021 was $4.8 million, as compared to $20.6 million for the six months ended March 31, 2020. The change was primarily due to an increase in principal repayments, partially offset by an increase in purchases of investments and an increase in net unrealized depreciation on investments period over period. Purchases of investments were $101.1 million during the six months ended March 31, 2021, compared to $72.3 million during the six months ended March 31, 2020. Repayments and net proceeds from sales were $82.1 million during the six months ended March 31, 2021 compared to $39.0 million during the six months ended March 31, 2020.

As of March 31, 2021, we had loans to, syndicated participations in or equity investments in 47 companies, with an aggregate cost basis of approximately $512.5 million. As of September 30, 2020, we had loans to, syndicated participations in or equity investments in 48 companies, with an aggregate cost basis of approximately $494.6 million.

The following table summarizes our total portfolio investment activity during the six months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020:

 

   Six Months Ended
March 31,
 
   2021   2020 

Beginning investment portfolio, at fair value

  $450,400   $402,875 

New investments

   101,000    57,000 

Disbursements to existing portfolio companies

   98    15,327 

Scheduled principal repayments on investments

   (1,563   (2,994

Unscheduled principal repayments on investments

   (76,893   (33,109

Net proceeds from sale of investments

   (3,598   (2,933

Net unrealized appreciation (depreciation) of investments

   21,611    (38,596

Reversal of prior period depreciation (appreciation) of investments on realization

   2,893    7,299 

Net realized gain (loss) on investments

   (2,081   (7,515

Increase in investments due to PIK(A)

   1,081    711 

Net change in premiums, discounts and amortization

   (181   251 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Investment Portfolio, at Fair Value

  $492,767   $398,316 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(A)

PIK interest is a non-cash source of income and is calculated at the contractual rate stated in a loan agreement and added to the principal balance of a loan.

The following table summarizes the contractual principal repayment and maturity of our investment portfolio by fiscal year, assuming no voluntary prepayments, as of March 31, 2021:

 

      Amount 

For the remaining six months ending September 30:

  

2021

  $46,991 

For the fiscal years ending September 30:

  

2022

   88,044 
  

2023

   32,094 
  

2024

   45,677 
  

2025

   113,275 
  

Thereafter

   140,119 
    

 

 

 
          Total contractual repayments  $466,200 
  

Adjustments to cost basis of debt investments

   (890
  

Investments in equity securities

   47,200 
    

 

 

 
          Investments held as of March 31, 2021 at cost:  $512,510 
    

 

 

 

 

55


Financing Activities

Net cash provided by financing activities for the six months ended March 31, 2021 was $7.4 million, which consisted primarily of $150.0 million in gross proceeds from the issuance of long term debt, partially offset by $86.8 million in net repayments on our Credit Facility and $57.5 million used in the redemption of our 2023 Notes.

Net cash provided by financing activities for the six months ended March 31, 2020 was $6.5 million, which consisted primarily of $25.2 million in net borrowings on our Credit Facility and $38.8 million in gross proceeds from the issuance of long term debt, partially offset by $51.8 million used in the redemption of our Series 2024 Term Preferred Stock and $13.0 million in distributions to common stockholders.

Distributions to Stockholders

Common Stock Distributions

To qualify to be taxed as a RIC and thus avoid corporate level federal income tax on the income we distribute to our stockholders, we are required to distribute to our stockholders on an annual basis at least 90.0% of our Investment Company Taxable Income. Additionally, our Credit Facility has a covenant that generally restricts the amount of distributions to stockholders that we can pay out to be no greater than our aggregate net investment income, net capital gains and amounts elected to have been paid during the prior year in accordance with Section 855(a) of the Code. In accordance with these requirements, we paid monthly cash distributions of $0.065 and $0.07 per common share for each month for the six months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. These distributions totaled an aggregate of $12.7 million and $13.0 million for the six months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. In April 2021, our Board of Directors declared a monthly distribution of $0.065 per common share for each of April, May, and June 2021. Our Board of Directors declared these distributions to our stockholders based on our estimates of our Investment Company Taxable Income for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2021. From inception through March 31, 2021, we have paid 218 monthly or quarterly consecutive distributions to common stockholders totaling approximately $383.0 million or $20.65 per share.

For the fiscal year ended September 30, 2020, distributions declared and paid exceeded taxable income available for common distributions resulting in a partial return of capital of approximately $0.4 million.

The characterization of the common stockholder distributions declared and paid for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2021 will be determined at fiscal year end, based upon our investment company taxable income for the full fiscal year and distributions paid during the full fiscal year. Such a characterization made on a quarterly basis may not be representative of the actual full fiscal year characterization.

Dividend Reinvestment Plan

Our common stockholders who hold their shares through our transfer agent, Computershare, Inc. (“Computershare”), have the option to participate in a dividend reinvestment plan offered by Computershare, as the plan agent. This is an “opt in” dividend reinvestment plan, meaning that common stockholders may elect to have their cash distributions automatically reinvested in additional shares of our common stock. Common stockholders who do make such election will receive their distributions in cash. Common stockholders who receive distributions in the form of stock will be subject to the same federal, state and local tax consequences as stockholders who elect to receive their distributions in cash. The common stockholder will have an adjusted basis in the additional common shares purchased through the plan equal to the amount of the reinvested distribution. The additional shares will have a new holding period commencing on the day following the date on which the shares are credited to the common stockholder’s account. Computershare purchases shares in the open market in connection with the obligations under the plan.

Equity

Registration Statement

Our shelf registration statement permits us to issue, through one or more transactions, up to an aggregate of $300.0 million in securities, consisting of common stock, preferred stock, subscription rights, debt securities and warrants to purchase common stock, preferred stock or debt securities. As of March 31, 2021, we had the ability to issue up to an additional $65.8 million in securities under the registration statement.

Common Stock

In February 2019, we entered into an equity distribution agreement with Jefferies LLC (the “Jefferies Sales Agreement”) under which we have the ability to issue and sell, from time to time, up to an aggregate offering price of $50.0 million shares of our common stock. During the six months ended March 31, 2021, we sold 1,829,576 shares of our common stock under the Jefferies Sales Agreement, at a weighted-average price of $9.03 per share and raised $16.5 million of gross proceeds. Net proceeds, after deducting commissions and offering costs borne by us, were approximately $16.2 million. As of March 31, 2021, we had a remaining capacity to sell up to an additional $4.6 million of our common stock under the Jefferies Sales Agreement.

 

56


We anticipate issuing equity securities to obtain additional capital in the future. However, we cannot determine the timing or terms of any future equity issuances or whether we will be able to issue equity on terms favorable to us, or at all. To the extent that our common stock trades at a market price below our NAV per share, we will generally be precluded from raising equity capital through public offerings of our common stock, other than pursuant to stockholder and independent director approval or a rights offering to existing common stockholders.

On March 31, 2021, the closing market price of our common stock was $9.92 per share, a 22.3% premium to our March 31, 2021 NAV per share of $8.11.

Revolving Credit Facility

On December 9, 2020, we, through Business Loan, entered into Amendment No. 8 to our Credit Facility with KeyBank, which increased the commitment amount from $180 million to $205 million. All principal and interest will continue to be due and payable on April 15, 2022.

On November 2, 2020, we, through Business Loan, entered into Amendment No. 7 to our Credit Facility with KeyBank, which provided consent for relevant amendments to our credit agreements with certain of our portfolio companies.

On April 29, 2020, we, through Business Loan, entered into Amendment No. 6 to our Credit Facility with KeyBank, which extended the revolving period end date by approximately six months to July 15, 2021, included certain LIBOR transition considerations and decreased the commitment amount from $190 million to $180 million.

On July 10, 2019, we, through Business Loan, entered into Amendment No. 5 to our Credit Facility with KeyBank, which (i) modified the covenants to reduce our minimum asset coverage with respect to senior securities representing indebtedness from 200% to 150% (or such percentage as may be set forth in Section 18 of the 1940 Act, as modified by Section 61 of the 1940 Act), (ii) amended the excess concentration limits definition to decrease the limit for non-first lien loans from 60% to 50% under certain circumstances and (iii) amended the distributions covenant to allow a distribution to be applied towards the redemption of our Series 2024 Term Preferred Stock.

On March 9, 2018, we, through Business Loan, entered into Amendment No. 4 to our Credit Facility with KeyBank, which increased the commitment amount from $170.0 million to $190.0 million, extended the revolving period end date by approximately two years to January 15, 2021, decreased the marginal interest rate added to 30-day LIBOR from 3.25% to 2.85% per annum, and changed the unused commitment fee from 0.50% of the total unused commitment amount to 0.50% when the average unused commitment amount for the reporting period is less than or equal to 50%, 0.75% when the average unused commitment amount for the reporting period is greater than 50% but less than or equal to 65%, and 1.00% when the average unused commitment amount for the reporting period is greater than 65%. Subject to certain terms and conditions, our Credit Facility may be expanded up to a total of $265.0 million through additional commitments of new or existing lenders. We incurred fees of approximately $1.2 million in connection with this amendment, which are being amortized through our Credit Facility’s revolving period end date of July 15, 2021.

Interest is payable monthly during the term of our Credit Facility. Available borrowings are subject to various constraints imposed under our Credit Facility, based on the aggregate loan balance pledged by Business Loan, which varies as loans are added and repaid, regardless of whether such repayments are prepayments or made as contractually required. Our Credit Facility also requires that any interest or principal payments on pledged loans be remitted directly by the borrower into a lockbox account with KeyBank and with The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A. as custodian. KeyBank, which also serves as the trustee of the account, generally remits the collected funds to us once a month.

Our Credit Facility contains covenants that require Business Loan to maintain its status as a separate legal entity, prohibit certain significant corporate transactions (such as mergers, consolidations, liquidations or dissolutions), and restrict material changes to our credit and collection policies without the lenders’ consents. Our Credit Facility generally limits distributions to our stockholders on a fiscal year basis to the sum of our net investment income, net capital gains and amounts elected to have been paid during the prior year in accordance with Section 855(a) of the Code. Business Loan is also subject to certain limitations on the type of loan investments it can apply as collateral towards the borrowing base to receive additional borrowing availability under our Credit Facility, including restrictions on geographic concentrations, sector concentrations, loan size, payment frequency and status, average life, portfolio company leverage and lien property. Our Credit Facility further requires Business Loan to comply with other financial and operational covenants, which obligate Business Loan to, among other things, maintain certain financial ratios, including asset and interest coverage and a minimum number of 25 obligors required in the borrowing base.

Additionally, we are required to maintain (i) a minimum net worth (defined in our Credit Facility to include any outstanding mandatorily redeemable preferred stock) of $205.0 million plus 50% of all equity and subordinated debt raised after May 1, 2015 less 50% of any equity and subordinated debt retired or redeemed after May 1, 2015, which equates to $324.0 million as of March 31, 2021, (ii) asset coverage with respect to “senior securities representing indebtedness” of at least 150% (or such percentage as may be set forth in Section 18 of the 1940 Act, as modified by Section 61 of the 1940 Act), and (iii) our status as a BDC under the 1940 Act and as a RIC under the Code.

 

57


As of March 31, 2021, and as defined in our Credit Facility, we had a net worth of $457.0 million, asset coverage on our “senior securities representing indebtedness” of 215.5% and an active status as a BDC and RIC. In addition, we had 31 obligors in our Credit Facility’s borrowing base as of March 31, 2021. As of March 31, 2021, we were in compliance with all of our Credit Facility covenants. Refer to Note 5—Borrowings of the notes to our Consolidated Financial Statements included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report for additional information regarding our Credit Facility.

Notes Payable

In December 2020, we completed a debt offering of $100.0 million aggregate principal amount of the 2026 Notes for net proceeds of approximately $97.7 million after deducting underwriting discounts, commissions and offering expenses borne by us. In March 2021, we completed a debt offering of an additional $50.0 million aggregate principal amount of the 2026 Notes for net proceeds of approximately $50.6 million after adding premiums and deducting underwriting costs, commissions and offering expenses borne by us. The 2026 Notes will mature on January 31, 2026 and may be redeemed in whole or in part at any time or from time to time at the Company’s option prior to maturity at par plus a “make-whole” premium, if applicable. The 2026 Notes bear interest at a rate of 5.125% per year. Interest is payable semi-annually on January 31 and July 31 of each year (which equates to approximately $7.7 million per year) beginning July 31, 2021.

In October 2019, we completed a public debt offering of $38.8 million aggregate principal amount of the 2024 Notes, inclusive of the overallotment option exercised by the underwriters, for net proceeds of approximately $37.5 million after deducting underwriting discounts, commissions and offering expenses borne by us. The 2024 Notes are traded under the ticker symbol “GLADL” on the Nasdaq Global Select Market (“Nasdaq”). The 2024 Notes will mature on November 1, 2024 and may be redeemed in whole or in part at any time or from time to time at the Company’s option on or after November 1, 2021. The 2024 Notes bear interest at a rate of 5.375% per year, payable quarterly on February 1, May 1, August 1, and November 1 of each year (which equates to approximately $2.1 million per year).

In November 2018, we completed a public debt offering of $57.5 million aggregate principal amount of the 2023 Notes, inclusive of the overallotment option exercised by the underwriters, for net proceeds of $55.4 million after deducting underwriting discounts, commissions and offering expenses borne by us. On January 7, 2021, we voluntarily redeemed the 2023 Notes with an aggregate principal amount outstanding of $57.5 million. The redemption amount was $58.1 million, inclusive of accrued interest through the date of redemption. The 2023 Notes would have otherwise matured on November 1, 2023.

The indenture relating to the 2026 Notes and 2024 Notes contains certain covenants, including (i) an inability to incur additional debt or issue additional debt or preferred securities unless the Company’s asset coverage meets the threshold specified in the 1940 Act after such borrowing, (ii) an inability to declare any dividend or distribution (except a dividend payable in our stock) on a class of our capital stock or to purchase shares of our capital stock unless the Company’s asset coverage meets the threshold specified in the 1940 Act at the time of (and giving effect to) such declaration or purchase, and (iii) if, at any time, we are not subject to the reporting requirements of the Exchange Act, we will provide the holders of the 2026 Notes and 2024 Notes, as applicable, and the trustee with audited annual consolidated financial statements and unaudited interim consolidated financial statements.

The 2026 Notes and 2024 Notes are recorded at the principal amount, less discounts and offering costs, on our Consolidated Statements of Assets and Liabilities.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We generally recognize success fee income when the payment has been received. As of March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020, we had off-balance sheet success fee receivables on our accruing debt investments of $12.2 million and $9.9 million (or approximately $0.36 per common share and $0.31 per common share), respectively, that would be owed to us, generally upon a change of control of the portfolio companies. Consistent with GAAP, we generally have not recognized our success fee receivables and related income in our Consolidated Financial Statements until earned. Due to the contingent nature of our success fees, there are no guarantees that we will be able to collect all of these success fees or know the timing of such collections.

 

58


Contractual Obligations

We have lines of credit, delayed draw term loans, and an uncalled capital commitment with certain of our portfolio companies that have not been fully drawn. Since these commitments have expiration dates and we expect many will never be fully drawn, the total commitment amounts do not necessarily represent future cash requirements. We estimate the fair value of the combined unused lines of credit, the unused delayed draw term loans, and the uncalled capital commitment as of March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020 to be immaterial.

The following table shows our contractual obligations as of March 31, 2021, at cost:

 

   Payments Due by Period 

Contractual Obligations(A)

  Less than
1 Year
   1-3 Years   3-5 Years   More than
5 Years
   Total 

Credit Facility(B)

  $—     $ 41,200   $—     $ —     $41,200 

Notes Payable

   —      —      188,813    —      188,813 

Interest expense on debt obligations(C)

   12,680    19,790    15,311    —      47,781 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total

  $12,680   $60,990   $204,124   $—     $277,794 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(A) 

Excludes our unused line of credit commitments, unused delayed draw term loans, and uncalled capital commitments to our portfolio companies in an aggregate amount of $43.8 million, at cost, as of March 31, 2021.

(B) 

Principal balance of borrowings outstanding under our Credit Facility, based on the maturity date following the current contractual revolver period end date.

(C) 

Includes estimated interest payments on our Credit Facility, 2026 Notes, and 2024 Notes. The amount of interest expense calculated for purposes of this table was based upon rates and balances as of March 31, 2021.

 

59


Critical Accounting Policies

The preparation of financial statements and related disclosures in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported consolidated amounts of assets and liabilities, including disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and revenues and expenses during the period reported. Actual results could differ materially from those estimates under different assumptions or conditions. We have identified our investment valuation policy (which has been approved by our Board of Directors) as our most critical accounting policy, which is described in Note 2— Summary of Significant Accounting Policies in the accompanying notes to our Consolidated Financial Statements included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report. Additionally, refer to Note 3—Investments in our accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report for additional information regarding fair value measurements and our application of Financial Accounting Standards Board Accounting Standards Codification Topic 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures.” We have also identified our revenue recognition policy as a critical accounting policy, which is described in Note 2— Summary of Significant Accounting Policies in our accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report.

Investment Valuation

Credit Monitoring and Risk Rating

The Adviser monitors a wide variety of key credit statistics that provide information regarding our portfolio companies to help us assess credit quality and portfolio performance and, in some instances, used as inputs in our valuation techniques. Generally, we, through the Adviser, participate in periodic board meetings of our portfolio companies in which we hold board seats and also require them to provide annual audited and monthly unaudited financial statements. Using these statements or comparable information and board discussions, the Adviser calculates and evaluates certain credit statistics.

The Adviser risk rates all of our investments in debt securities. The Adviser does not risk rate our equity securities. For syndicated loans that have been rated by an SEC registered Nationally Recognized Statistical Rating Organization (“NRSRO”), the Adviser generally uses the average of two corporate level NRSRO’s risk ratings for such security. For all other debt securities, the Adviser uses a proprietary risk rating system. While the Adviser seeks to mirror the NRSRO systems, we cannot provide any assurance that the Adviser’s risk rating system will provide the same risk rating as an NRSRO would for these securities. The Adviser’s risk rating system is used to estimate the probability of default on debt securities and the expected loss if there is a default. The Adviser’s risk rating system uses a scale of 0 to >10, with >10 being the lowest probability of default. It is the Adviser’s understanding that most debt securities of medium-sized companies do not exceed the grade of BBB on an NRSRO scale, so there would be no debt securities in the middle market that would meet the definition of AAA, AA or A. Therefore, the Adviser’s scale begins with the designation >10 as the best risk rating which may be equivalent to a BBB from an NRSRO; however, no assurance can be given that a >10 on the Adviser’s scale is equal to a BBB or Baa2 on an NRSRO scale. The Adviser’s risk rating system covers both qualitative and quantitative aspects of the business and the securities we hold.

The following table reflects risk ratings for all proprietary loans in our portfolio as of March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020, representing approximately 94.1% and 92.7%, respectively, of the principal balance of all debt investments in our portfolio at the end of each period:

 

Rating

  As of
March 31, 2021
   As of
September 30, 2020
 

Highest

   10.0    10.0 

Average

   5.8    6.3 

Weighted Average

   6.1    6.5 

Lowest

   1.0    1.0 

The following table reflects the risk ratings for all syndicated loans in our portfolio that were rated by an NRSRO as of March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020, representing approximately 5.3% and 5.4%, respectively, of the principal balance of all debt investments in our portfolio at the end of each period:

 

Rating

  As of
March 31, 2021
   As of
September 30, 2020
 

Highest

   5.0    5.0 

Average

   4.6    4.7 

Weighted Average

   4.6    4.7 

Lowest

   3.0    3.0 

 

60


The following table reflects the risk ratings for all syndicated loans in our portfolio that were not rated by an NRSRO as of March 31, 2021 and September 30, 2020, representing approximately 0.6% and 1.9%, respectively, of the principal balance of all debt investments in our portfolio at the end of each period:

 

Rating

  As of
March 31, 2021
   As of
September 30, 2020
 

Highest

   5.0    6.0 

Average

   5.0    5.0 

Weighted Average

   5.0    4.6 

Lowest

   5.0    4.0 

Tax Status

We intend to continue to maintain our qualification as a RIC under Subchapter M of the Code for federal income tax purposes. As a RIC, we generally are not subject to federal income tax on the portion of our taxable income and gains distributed to our stockholders. To maintain our qualification as a RIC, we must maintain our status as a BDC and meet certain source-of-income and asset diversification requirements. In addition, in order to qualify to be taxed as a RIC, we must distribute to stockholders at least 90% of our Investment Company Taxable Income, determined without regard to the dividends paid deduction. Our policy generally is to make distributions to our stockholders in an amount up to 100% of our Investment Company Taxable Income. We may retain some or all of our net long-term capital gains, if any, and designate them as deemed distributions, or distribute such gains to stockholders in cash.

To avoid a 4% federal excise tax on undistributed amounts of income, we must distribute to stockholders, during each calendar year, an amount at least equal to the sum of: (1) 98% of our ordinary income for the calendar year, (2) 98.2% of our capital gain net income (both long-term and short-term) for the one-year period ending on October 31 of the calendar year, and (3) any income realized, but not distributed, in the preceding year (to the extent that income tax was not imposed on such amounts) less certain over-distributions in prior years. Under the RIC Modernization Act, we are permitted to carryforward any capital losses that we may incur for an unlimited period, and such capital loss carryforwards will retain their character as either short-term or long-term capital losses.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

Refer to Note 2—Summary of Significant Accounting Policies in the notes to our accompanying Consolidated Financial Statements included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report for a description of recent accounting pronouncements.

 

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ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

Market risk includes risks that arise from changes in interest rates, foreign currency exchange rates, commodity prices, equity prices and other market changes that affect market sensitive instruments. The prices of securities held by us may decline in response to certain events, including those directly involving the companies whose securities are owned by us; conditions affecting the general economy, including public health emergencies, such as COVID-19; overall market changes; local, regional or global political, social or economic instability; and interest rate fluctuations.

The primary risk we believe we are exposed to is interest rate risk. Because we borrow money to make investments, our net investment income is dependent upon the difference between the rate at which we borrow funds and the rate at which we invest those funds. As a result, there can be no assurance that a significant change in market interest rates will not have a material adverse effect on our net investment income. We use a combination of debt and equity capital to finance our investing activities. We may use interest rate risk management techniques from time to time to limit our exposure to interest rate fluctuations. Such techniques may include various interest rate hedging activities to the extent permitted by the 1940 Act.

All of our variable-rate debt investments have rates generally associated with either the current LIBOR or prime rate. As of March 31, 2021, our portfolio of debt investments on a principal basis consisted of the following:

 

        Variable rates

   86.8 

        Fixed rates

   13.2  
  

 

 

  

        Total:

   100.0 
  

 

 

  

There have been no material changes in the quantitative and qualitative market risk disclosures for the six months ended March 31, 2021 from that disclosed in our Annual Report.

ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

a) Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

As of March 31, 2021 (the end of the period covered by this report), our management, including our chief executive officer and chief financial officer, evaluated the effectiveness and design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures. Based on that evaluation, our management, including the chief executive officer and chief financial officer, concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective at a reasonable assurance level in timely alerting management, including the chief executive officer and chief financial officer, of material information about us required to be included in periodic SEC filings. However, in evaluation of the disclosure controls and procedures, management recognized that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving the desired control objectives, and management necessarily was required to apply its judgment in evaluating the cost-benefit relationship of possible controls and procedures.

b) Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

There were no changes in internal controls for the three months ended March 31, 2021 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

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PART II–OTHER INFORMATION

ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS.

From time to time, we may become involved in various investigation, claims and legal proceedings that arise in the ordinary course of our business. Furthermore, third parties may try to seek to impose liability on us in connection with the activities of our portfolio companies. While we do not expect that the resolution of these matters, if they arise, would materially affect our business, financial condition, results of operations or cash flows, resolution of these matters will be subject to various uncertainties and could result in the expenditure of significant financial and managerial resources. Neither we, nor any of our subsidiaries are currently subject to any material legal proceeding, nor, to our knowledge, is any material legal proceeding pending or threatened against us or any of our subsidiaries.

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS.

Our business is subject to certain risks and events that, if they occur, could adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations and the trading price of our securities. For a discussion of these risks, please refer to the section captioned “Item 1A. Risk Factors” in Part I of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2020, as filed with the SEC on November 10, 2020. The risks described in our Annual Report are not the only risks we face. Additional risks and uncertainties not currently known to us or that we currently deem to be immaterial also may materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and/or operating results.

 

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ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS.

Sales of Unregistered Securities

Not applicable.

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

Not applicable.

ITEM 3. DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES.

Not applicable.

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES.

Not applicable.

ITEM 5. OTHER INFORMATION.

Not applicable.

 

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ITEM 6. EXHIBITS.

 

Exhibit

  

Description

3.1  Articles of Amendment and Restatement to the Articles of Incorporation, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 99.a.2 to Pre-Effective Amendment No. 1 to the Registration Statement on Form N-2 (File No.  333-63700), filed July 27, 2001.
3.2  Articles  Supplementary Establishing and Fixing the Rights and Preferences of Term Preferred Shares, including Appendix A thereto relating to the Term Preferred Shares, 7.125% Series  2016, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 2.a.2 to Post-Effective Amendment No. 5 to the Registration Statement on Form  N-2 (File No. 333-162592), filed October 31, 2011.
3.3  Certificate of Correction to Articles Supplementary Establishing and Fixing the Rights and Preferences of Term Preferred Shares, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K (File No. 814-00237), filed October 29, 2015.
3.4  Articles Supplementary, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K (File No. 814-00237), filed September 21, 2017.
3.5  Articles Supplementary Establishing and Fixing the Rights and Preferences of Term Preferred Shares, including Appendix A thereto relating to the 6.00% Series 2024 Term Preferred Stock, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.2 to the Current Report on Form 8-K (File No. 814-00237), filed September 21, 2017.
3.6  Bylaws, incorporated by reference to Exhibit  99.b to Pre-Effective Amendment No. 1 to the Registration Statement on Form N-2 (File No.  333-63700), filed July 27, 2001.
3.7  Amendment to Bylaws, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.3 to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (File No. 814-00237), filed February 17, 2004.
3.8  Second Amendment to Bylaws, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 99.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K (File No. 814-00237), filed July 10, 2007. 
3.9  Third Amendment to Bylaws, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 99.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K (File No. 814-00237), filed June 10, 2011.
3.10  Fourth Amendment to Bylaws, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Current Report on Form  8-K (File No. 814-00237), filed November 29, 2016.
4.1  Form of Certificate for Common Stock, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 99.d.2 to Pre-Effective Amendment No. 3 to the Registration Statement on Form N-2 (File No. 333-63700), filed August 23, 2001.
4.2  Indenture between the Registrant and U.S. Bank National Association, dated as of November  6, 2018, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 2.d.10 to Post-Effective Amendment No. 7 to the Registration Statement on Form N-2 (File No.  333-208637), filed November 6, 2018.
4.3  Second Supplemental Indenture between the Registrant and U.S. Bank National Association, dated as of October  10, 2019, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 2.d.11 to Post-Effective Amendment No. 2 to the Registration Statement on Form N-2 (File No.  333-228720), filed October 10, 2019.
4.4  Third Supplemental Indenture between Gladstone Capital Corporation and U.S. Bank National Association, dated as of December  15, 2020, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K (File No. 814-00237), filed December 15, 2020.
10.1  Third Amended and Restated Investment Advisory and Management Agreement between the Registrant and Gladstone Management Corporation, dated as of April 13, 2021.*
31.1  Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.*
31.2  Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.*
32.1  Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.+
32.2  Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.+

 

*

Filed herewith

+

Furnished herewith

All other exhibits for which provision is made in the applicable regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission are not required under the related instruction or are inapplicable and therefore have been omitted.

 

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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

GLADSTONE CAPITAL CORPORATION

By: /s/ Nicole Schaltenbrand

Nicole Schaltenbrand

Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer

(principal financial and accounting officer)

Date: May 4, 2021

 

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