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CME CME

Filed: 5 May 21, 2:51pm
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
_________________________________________________________
FORM 10-Q
_________________________________________________________
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2021
- OR -
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                to                
Commission file number 001-31553
CME GROUP INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware 36-4459170
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
20 South Wacker DriveChicagoIllinois 60606
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
(312) 930-1000
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Not Applicable
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report) 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:    
Title of each classTrading symbolName of each exchange on which registered
Class A Common StockCMENasdaq
    Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.            Yes      No  
    Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).                       Yes      No  
    Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer  Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
    If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
    Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    
                                                 Yes   ☐    No  
The number of shares outstanding of each of the registrant’s classes of common stock as of April 14, 2021 was as follows: 359,094,042 shares of Class A common stock, $0.01 par value; 625 shares of Class B-1 common stock, $0.01 par value; 813 shares of Class B-2 common stock, $0.01 par value; 1,287 shares of Class B-3 common stock, $0.01 par value; and 413 shares of Class B-4 common stock, $0.01 par value.
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 CME GROUP INC.
FORM 10-Q
INDEX
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PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Certain Terms
All references to “options” or “options contracts” in the text of this document refer to options on futures contracts.
Further information about CME Group and its products can be found at http://www.cmegroup.com. Information made available on our website does not constitute a part of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
Information about Contract Volume and Average Rate per Contract
All amounts regarding contract volume and average rate per contract are for CME Group's listed futures and options on futures contracts unless otherwise noted.
Trademark Information
CME Group, the Globe logo, CME, Chicago Mercantile Exchange, Globex, and E-mini are trademarks of Chicago Mercantile Exchange Inc. CBOT and Chicago Board of Trade are trademarks of Board of Trade of the City of Chicago, Inc. NYMEX, New York Mercantile Exchange and ClearPort are trademarks of New York Mercantile Exchange, Inc. COMEX is a trademark of Commodity Exchange, Inc. NEX, BrokerTec, EBS, TriOptima, and Traiana are trademarks of various entities of NEX Group Limited (NEX). Dow Jones, Dow Jones Industrial Average, S&P 500 and S&P are service and/or trademarks of Dow Jones Trademark Holdings LLC, Standard & Poor's Financial Services LLC and S&P/Dow Jones Indices LLC, as the case may be, and have been licensed for use by Chicago Mercantile Exchange Inc. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
Forward-Looking Statements
From time to time, in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q as well as in other written reports and verbal statements, we discuss our expectations regarding future performance. These forward-looking statements are identified by their use of terms and phrases such as "believe," "anticipate," "could," "estimate," "intend," "may," "plan," "expect" and similar expressions, including references to assumptions. These forward-looking statements are based on currently available competitive, financial and economic data, current expectations, estimates, forecasts and projections about the industries in which we operate and management's beliefs and assumptions. These statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions that are difficult to predict. Therefore, actual outcomes and results may differ materially from what is expressed or implied in any forward-looking statements. We want to caution you not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements. We undertake no obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. Among the factors that might affect our performance are:
increasing competition by foreign and domestic entities, including increased competition from new entrants into our markets and consolidation of existing entities;
our ability to keep pace with rapid technological developments, including our ability to complete the development, implementation and maintenance of the enhanced functionality required by our customers while maintaining reliability and ensuring that such technology is not vulnerable to security risks;
our ability to continue introducing competitive new products and services on a timely, cost-effective basis, including through our electronic trading capabilities, and our ability to maintain the competitiveness of our existing products and services, including our ability to provide effective services to the swaps market;
our ability to adjust our fixed costs and expenses if our revenues decline;
our ability to maintain existing customers at substantially similar trading levels, develop strategic relationships and attract new customers;
our ability to expand and globally offer our products and services;
changes in regulations, including the impact of any changes in laws or government policies with respect to our products or services or our industry, such as any changes to regulations and policies that require increased financial and operational resources from us or our customers;
the costs associated with protecting our intellectual property rights and our ability to operate our business without violating the intellectual property rights of others;
decreases in revenue from our market data as a result of decreased demand or changes to regulations in various jurisdictions;
changes in our rate per contract due to shifts in the mix of the products traded, the trading venue and the mix of customers (whether the customer receives member or non-member fees or participates in one of our various incentive programs) and the impact of our tiered pricing structure;
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the ability of our credit and liquidity risk management practices to adequately protect us from the credit risks of clearing members and other counterparties, and to satisfy the margin and liquidity requirements associated with the BrokerTec matched principal business;
the ability of our compliance and risk management methods to effectively monitor and manage our risks, including our ability to prevent errors and misconduct and protect our infrastructure against security breaches and misappropriation of our intellectual property assets;
our dependence on third-party providers and exposure to risk through third parties, including risks related to the performance, reliability and security of technology used by our third-party providers;
volatility in commodity, equity and fixed income prices, and price volatility of financial benchmarks and instruments such as interest rates, credit spreads, equity indices, fixed income instruments and foreign exchange rates;
economic, social, political and market conditions, including the volatility of the capital and credit markets and the impact of economic conditions on the trading activity of our current and potential customers;
the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and response by governments and other third parties;
our ability to accommodate increases in contract volume and order transaction traffic and to implement enhancements without failure or degradation of the performance of our trading and clearing systems;
our ability to execute our growth strategy and maintain our growth effectively;
our ability to manage the risks, control the costs and achieve the synergies associated with our strategy for acquisitions, investments and alliances, including those associated with NEX;
our ability to continue to generate funds and/or manage our indebtedness to allow us to continue to invest in our business;
industry and customer consolidation;
decreases in trading and clearing activity;
the imposition of a transaction tax or user fee on futures and options transactions and/or repeal of the 60/40 tax treatment of such transactions;
our ability to maintain our brand and reputation; and
the unfavorable resolution of material legal proceedings.
For a detailed discussion of these and other factors that might affect our performance, see Item 1A. of our Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on February 26, 2021 and Item 1A. of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
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ITEM 1.FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
CME GROUP INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(dollars in millions, except par value data; shares in thousands)
March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
(unaudited)
Assets
Current Assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$936.4 $1,633.2 
Marketable securities105.2 100.9 
Accounts receivable, net of allowance of $6.0 and $5.4547.0 461.3 
Assets held for sale1,447.5 
Other current assets (includes $4.5 and $4.7 in restricted cash)295.4 306.7 
Performance bonds and guaranty fund contributions123,414.0 86,781.8 
Total current assets126,745.5 89,283.9 
Property, net of accumulated depreciation and amortization of $946.5 and $961.2528.6 579.2 
Intangible assets—trading products17,175.3 17,175.3 
Intangible assets—other, net3,716.8 4,865.3 
Goodwill10,534.3 10,798.8 
Other assets (includes $3.1 and $0.6 in restricted cash)1,951.6 1,957.1 
Total Assets$160,652.1 $124,659.6 
Liabilities and Equity
Current Liabilities:
Accounts payable$51.6 $69.3 
Liabilities held for sale278.8 
Other current liabilities478.1 1,346.8 
Performance bonds and guaranty fund contributions123,414.0 86,781.8 
Total current liabilities124,222.5 88,197.9 
Long-term debt3,443.6 3,443.8 
Deferred income tax liabilities, net5,371.9 5,607.0 
Other liabilities1,058.2 1,059.4 
Total Liabilities134,096.2 98,308.1 
Shareholders’ Equity:
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value, 10,000 shares authorized at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020; none issued
Class A common stock, $0.01 par value, 1,000,000 shares authorized at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020; 358,240 and 358,110 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively3.6 3.6 
Class B common stock, $0.01 par value, 3 shares authorized, issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020
Additional paid-in capital21,193.5 21,185.5 
Retained earnings5,247.3 4,995.9 
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)83.5 134.9 
Total CME Group Shareholders’ Equity26,527.9 26,319.9 
Non-controlling interests28.0 31.6 
Total Equity26,555.9 26,351.5 
Total Liabilities and Equity$160,652.1 $124,659.6 
See accompanying notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements.
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CME GROUP INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(dollars in millions, except per share data; shares in thousands)
(unaudited)
 
Quarter Ended
 March 31,
 20212020
Revenues
Clearing and transaction fees$1,007.0 $1,278.8 
Market data and information services144.2 131.5 
Other102.1 111.8 
Total Revenues1,253.3 1,522.1 
Expenses
Compensation and benefits225.0 207.5 
Technology48.2 47.7 
Professional fees and outside services37.4 41.7 
Amortization of purchased intangibles60.6 77.3 
Depreciation and amortization37.6 35.3 
Licensing and other fee agreements64.7 73.9 
Other54.7 78.8 
Total Expenses528.2 562.2 
Operating Income725.1 959.9 
Non-Operating Income (Expense)
Investment income30.9 95.9 
Interest and other borrowing costs(41.5)(40.9)
Equity in net earnings of unconsolidated subsidiaries56.2 51.2 
Other non-operating income (expense)(18.4)(76.8)
Total Non-Operating Income (Expense)27.2 29.4 
Income before Income Taxes752.3 989.3 
Income tax provision177.5 222.5 
Net Income574.8 766.8 
Less: net (income) loss attributable to non-controlling interests(0.4)(0.6)
Net Income Attributable to CME Group$574.4 $766.2 
Earnings per Common Share Attributable to CME Group:
Basic$1.60 $2.14 
Diluted1.60 2.14 
Weighted Average Number of Common Shares:
Basic358,147 357,524 
Diluted358,817 358,455 
See accompanying notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements.
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CME GROUP INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(in millions)
(unaudited)
Quarter Ended
March 31,
20212020
Net income$574.8 $766.8 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:
Investment securities:
Net unrealized holding gains (losses) arising during the period(1.1)(0.6)
Income tax benefit (expense)0.3 0.2 
Investment securities, net(0.8)(0.4)
Defined benefit plans:
Net change in defined benefit plans arising during the period(2.0)
Amortization of net actuarial (gains) losses included in compensation and benefits expense1.1 1.2 
Income tax benefit (expense)(0.3)0.2 
Defined benefit plans, net0.8 (0.6)
Derivative investments:
Reclassification of net unrealized (gains) losses to interest expense and other non-operating income (expense)(0.3)(1.8)
Income tax benefit (expense)0.1 0.4 
Derivative investments, net(0.2)(1.4)
Foreign currency translation:
Foreign currency translation adjustments(51.2)(27.8)
Reclassification of net currency (gains) losses from foreign entities to other expenses0.6 
Foreign currency translation, net(51.2)(27.2)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax(51.4)(29.6)
Comprehensive income523.4 737.2 
Less: comprehensive (income) loss attributable to non-controlling interests(0.4)(0.6)
Comprehensive income attributable to CME Group$523.0 $736.6 
See accompanying notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements.
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CME GROUP INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY
(dollars in millions, except per share data; shares in thousands)
(unaudited) 
Class A
Common
Stock
(Shares)
Class B
Common
Stock
(Shares)
Common
Stock and
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
Retained
Earnings
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
Total CME Group Shareholders' EquityNon-controlling InterestTotal
Equity
Balance at December 31, 2020358,110 $21,189.1 $4,995.9 $134.9 $26,319.9 $31.6 $26,351.5 
Net income574.4 574.4 0.4 574.8 
Other comprehensive income (loss)(51.4)(51.4)(51.4)
Dividends on common stock of $0.90 per share(323.0)(323.0)(323.0)
Purchase of non-controlling interest(2.2)(2.2)(4.0)(6.2)
Exercise of stock options31 1.7 1.7 1.7 
Vesting of issued restricted Class A common stock99 (13.1)(13.1)(13.1)
Stock-based compensation21.6 21.6 21.6 
Balance at March 31, 2021358,240 $21,197.1 $5,247.3 $83.5 $26,527.9 $28.0 $26,555.9 






















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CME GROUP INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY (continued)
(dollars in millions, except per share data; shares in thousands)
(unaudited)
 
Class A
Common
Stock
(Shares)
Class B
Common
Stock
(Shares)
Common
Stock and
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
Retained
Earnings
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
Total CME Group Shareholders' EquityNon-controlling InterestTotal
Equity
Balance at December 31, 2019357,469 $21,116.8 $5,008.7 $3.4 $26,128.9 $30.4 $26,159.3 
Net income766.2 766.2 0.6 766.8 
Other comprehensive income (loss)(29.6)(29.6)(29.6)
Dividends on common stock of $0.85 per share(304.7)(304.7)(304.7)
Impact of adoption of accounting standards updates on credit losses(0.3)(0.3)(0.3)
Exercise of stock options55 3.2 3.2 3.2 
Vesting of issued restricted Class A common stock153 (19.1)(19.1)(19.1)
Stock-based compensation23.1 23.1 23.1 
Balance at March 31, 2020357,677 $21,124.0 $5,469.9 $(26.2)$26,567.7 $31.0 $26,598.7 








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CME GROUP INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in millions)
(unaudited) 
 Quarter Ended
March 31,
 20212020
Cash Flows from Operating Activities
Net income$574.8 $766.8 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Stock-based compensation21.6 23.1 
Amortization of purchased intangibles60.6 77.3 
Depreciation and amortization37.6 35.3 
Net losses on impaired assets23.1 
Net (gain) loss on derivative contracts(1.5)
Net realized and unrealized (gains) on investments(0.8)(2.9)
Cash dividends in excess of earnings (undistributed net earnings) of unconsolidated subsidiaries13.1 (0.2)
Deferred income taxes(7.8)(9.7)
Change in:
Accounts receivable(146.2)(309.5)
Other current assets(30.5)(14.5)
Other assets12.3 18.8 
Accounts payable(8.7)12.4 
Income taxes payable115.7 186.1 
Other current liabilities(32.3)(22.1)
Other liabilities(8.6)(29.5)
Other1.9 4.1 
Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities602.7 757.1 
Cash Flows from Investing Activities
Proceeds from maturities of available-for-sale marketable securities2.2 2.2 
Purchases of available-for-sale marketable securities(1.5)(2.4)
Purchases of property, net(28.5)(42.8)
Purchase of non-controlling interest(6.2)
Net Cash Used in Investing Activities(34.0)(43.0)
Cash Flows from Financing Activities
Repayment of commercial paper, net(204.6)
Cash dividends(1,217.5)(1,197.6)
Employee taxes paid on restricted stock vesting(13.1)(19.1)
Other(2.6)7.4 
Net Cash Used in Financing Activities(1,233.2)(1,413.9)







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CME GROUP INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (continued)
(in millions)
(unaudited) 
Quarter Ended
March 31,
20212020
Net change in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash$(664.5)$(699.8)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period1,638.5 1,556.6 
Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash, End of Period$974.0 $856.8 
Reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash:
Cash and cash equivalents$936.4 $851.7 
Cash classified as assets held for sale30.0 
Short-term restricted cash4.5 4.3 
Long-term restricted cash3.1 0.8 
Total$974.0 $856.8 
Supplemental Disclosure of Cash Flow Information
Income taxes paid$65.8 $39.0 
Interest paid42.4 42.4 
See accompanying notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements.
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NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
1. Basis of Presentation
The consolidated financial statements consist of CME Group Inc. (CME Group) and its subsidiaries (collectively, the company), including Chicago Mercantile Exchange Inc. (CME), Board of Trade of the City of Chicago, Inc. (CBOT), New York Mercantile Exchange, Inc. (NYMEX), Commodity Exchange, Inc. (COMEX) and NEX Group Limited (NEX). The clearing house is operated by CME.
The accompanying interim consolidated financial statements have been prepared by CME Group without audit. Certain notes and other information normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States have been condensed or omitted. In the opinion of management, the accompanying consolidated financial statements include all normal recurring adjustments considered necessary to present fairly the financial position of the company at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 and the results of operations and cash flows for the periods indicated. Quarterly results are not necessarily indicative of results for any subsequent period.
The accompanying consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto in CME Group’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) on February 26, 2021.
2. Revenue Recognition
The company generates revenue from customers from the following sources:
Clearing and transaction fees. Clearing and transaction fees include electronic trading fees and brokerage commissions, surcharges for privately-negotiated transactions, portfolio reconciliation and compression services, risk mitigation and other volume-related charges for trade contracts. Clearing and transaction fees are assessed upfront at the time of trade execution. As such, the company recognizes the majority of the fee revenue upon successful execution of the trade. The minimal remaining portion of the fee revenue related to settlement activities performed after trade execution is recognized over the short-term period that the contract is outstanding, based on management’s estimates of the average contract lifecycle. These estimates are based on various assumptions to approximate the amount of fee revenue to be attributed to services performed through contract settlement, expiration, or termination. For cleared trades, these assumptions include the average number of days that a contract remains in open interest, contract turnover, average revenue per day, and revenue remaining in open interest at the end of each period.
The nature of contracts gives rise to several types of variable consideration, including volume-based pricing tiers, customer incentives associated with market maker programs and other fee discounts. The company includes fee discounts and incentives in the estimated transaction price when there is a basis to reasonably estimate the amount of the fee reduction. These estimates are based on historical experience, anticipated performance, and best judgment at the time. Because of the company's certainty in estimating these amounts, they are included in the transaction price of contracts.
Market data and information services. Market data and information services represent revenue from the dissemination of market data to subscribers, distributors, and other third-party licensees of market data. Pricing for market data is primarily based on the number of reportable devices used as well as the number of subscribers enrolled under the arrangement. Fees for these services are generally billed monthly. Market data services are satisfied over time and revenue is recognized on a monthly basis as the customers receive and consume the benefit of the market data services. However, the company also maintains certain annual license arrangements with one-time upfront fees. The fees for annual licenses are initially recorded as a contract liability and recognized as revenue monthly over the term of the annual period.
Other. Other revenues include certain access and communication fees, fees for collateral management, equity membership subscription fees, and fees for trade order routing through agreements from various strategic relationships. Access and communication fees are charges to customers that utilize various telecommunications networks and communications services. Fees for these services are generally billed monthly and the associated fee revenue is recognized as billed. Collateral management fees are charged to clearing firms that have collateral on deposit with the clearing house to meet their minimum performance bond and guaranty fund obligations on the exchange. These fees are calculated based on daily collateral balances and are billed monthly. This fee revenue is recognized monthly as billed as the customers receive and consume the benefits of the services. The company also has an equity membership program which provides equity members the option to substitute a monthly subscription fee for their existing requirement to hold CME Group Class A common stock. Choosing to pay this fee in lieu of holding Class A shares is entirely voluntary and the client's choice. Fee revenue under this program is earned monthly as billed over the contractual term. Pricing for strategic relationships may be driven by customer levels and activity. There are fee arrangements which provide for monthly as well as quarterly payments in arrears. Revenue is recognized monthly for strategic relationship arrangements as the customers receive and consume the benefits of the services.
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The following table represents a disaggregation of revenue from contracts with customers by product line for the quarters ended March 31, 2021 and 2020:
 Quarter Ended
March 31,
(in millions)20212020
Interest rates$299.7 $418.3 
Equity indexes198.5 248.2 
Foreign exchange40.5 48.2 
Agricultural commodities120.5 117.7 
Energy158.1 221.8 
Metals58.3 78.8 
Cash markets business115.1 124.4 
Interest rate swap16.3 21.4 
Total clearing and transaction fees1,007.0 1,278.8 
Market data and information services144.2 131.5 
Other102.1 111.8 
Total revenues$1,253.3 $1,522.1 
Timing of Revenue Recognition
Services transferred at a point in time$945.1 $1,211.2 
Services transferred over time305.2 307.5 
One-time charges and miscellaneous revenues3.0 3.4 
Total revenues$1,253.3 $1,522.1 
The timing of revenue recognition, billings and cash collections results in billed accounts receivable, and customer advances and deposits (contract liabilities) on the consolidated balance sheets. Certain fees for transactions, annual licenses, and other revenue arrangements are billed upfront before revenue is recognized, which results in the recognition of contract liabilities. These liabilities are recognized on the consolidated balance sheets on a contract-by-contract basis upon commencement of services under the customer contract. These upfront customer payments are recognized as revenue over time as the obligations under the contracts are satisfied. Changes in the contract liability balances during the three months ended March 31, 2021 were not materially impacted by any other factors. The balance of contract liabilities was $62.8 million and $37.3 million as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.    
3. Assets and Liabilities Held for Sale
On January 12, 2021, the company announced that it has agreed with IHS Markit to combine their post-trade services into a new joint venture. The new company will perform trade processing and risk mitigation services. The company will contribute it's optimization business, which includes Traiana, TriOptima and Reset, to the new joint venture for an equity interest in the new company. The transaction is expected to close in mid-2021, subject to customary antitrust and regulatory approvals and other customary closing conditions.
In January 2021, the net assets that will be contributed to the joint venture were classified as held for sale following approval of the transaction by the company's Board of Directors. The reclassification of the assets and liabilities to held for sale did not have an impact on earnings.
4. Performance Bonds and Guaranty Fund Contributions
Performance Bonds and Guaranty Fund Contributions. CME has been designated as a systemically important financial market utility by the Financial Stability Oversight Council and is authorized to maintain cash accounts at the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago. At March 31, 2021, CME maintained $111.5 billion within the cash account at the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago. The cash deposit at the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago is included within performance bonds and guaranty fund contributions on the consolidated balance sheets.
Clearing House Contract Settlement. The clearing house marks-to-market open positions for all futures and options contracts twice a day (once a day for CME's cleared-only interest rate swap contracts). Based on values derived from the mark-to-market process, the clearing house requires payments from clearing firms whose positions have lost value and makes payments to clearing firms whose positions have gained value. Under the extremely unlikely scenario of simultaneous default by every
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clearing firm who has open positions with unrealized losses, the maximum exposure related to positions other than cleared-only interest rate swap contracts would be one half day of changes in fair value of all open positions, before considering the clearing house's ability to access defaulting clearing firms' collateral deposits.
For CME's cleared-only interest rate swap contracts, the maximum exposure related to CME's guarantee would be one full day of changes in fair value of all open positions, before considering CME's ability to access defaulting clearing firms' collateral.
During the first quarter of 2021, the clearing house transferred an average of approximately $4.6 billion a day through its clearing systems for settlement from clearing firms whose positions had lost value to clearing firms whose positions had gained value. The clearing house reduces its guarantee exposure through initial and maintenance performance bond requirements and mandatory guaranty fund contributions. Management has assessed the fair value of the company's settlement guarantee liability by taking the following factors into consideration: the design and operations of the clearing risk management process, the financial safeguard packages in place, historical evidence of default by a clearing member and the estimated probability of potential payouts by the clearing house. Based on the assessment performed, management estimates the guarantee liability to be nominal and therefore has not recorded any liability at March 31, 2021. The company does not have a history of significant losses recognized on performance bond collateral as posted by our clearing members, and management currently does not anticipate any future credit losses on its performance bond assets. Accordingly, the company has not provided an allowance for credit losses on these performance bond deposits, nor has it recorded any liabilities to reflect an allowance for credit losses related to our off-balance sheet credit exposures and guarantees.
5. Intangible Assets and Goodwill
In January 2021, the net assets that will be contributed to a joint venture with IHS Markit were classified as held for sale. As a result, $1.1 billion of amortizable intangible assets were reclassified to assets held for sale on the consolidated balance sheet. Amortization expense is no longer taken on these intangible assets once reclassified to assets held for sale.
Intangible assets consisted of the following at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020:
 
 March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
(in millions)Assigned ValueReclassified as Held for SaleAccumulated
Amortization
Net Book
Value
Assigned ValueAccumulated
Amortization
Net Book
Value
Amortizable Intangible Assets:
Clearing firm, market data and other customer relationships$5,822.7 $(946.7)$(1,684.0)$3,192.0 $5,858.0 $(1,632.5)$4,225.5 
Technology-related intellectual property174.8 (84.3)(69.6)20.9 178.4 (68.2)110.2 
Other106.4 (23.1)(29.4)53.9 106.9 (27.3)79.6 
Total amortizable intangible assets$6,103.9 $(1,054.1)$(1,783.0)3,266.8 $6,143.3 $(1,728.0)4,415.3 
Indefinite-Lived Intangible Assets:
Trade names450.0 450.0 
Total intangible assets – other, net$3,716.8 $4,865.3 
Trading products (1)
$17,175.3 $17,175.3 
(1)Trading products represent futures and options products acquired in our business combinations with CBOT Holdings, Inc., NYMEX Holdings, Inc. and The Board of Trade of Kansas City, Missouri, Inc. Clearing and transaction fees are generated through the trading of these products. These trading products, most of which have traded for decades, require authorization from the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC). Product authorizations from the CFTC have no term limits.
Total amortization expense for intangible assets was $60.6 million and $77.3 million for the quarters ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.



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As of March 31, 2021, the future estimated amortization expense related to amortizable intangible assets is expected to be as follows:
(in millions) Amortization Expense
Remainder of 2021$174.8 
2022233.1 
2023231.7 
2024225.0 
2025225.0 
2026225.0 
Thereafter1,952.2 
Goodwill activity consisted of the following for the periods ended March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020:
(in millions)Balance at December 31, 2020Reclassified as Held for Sale
Other
Activity (1)
Balance at March 31, 2021
CBOT Holdings$5,066.4 $$$5,066.4 
NYMEX Holdings2,462.2 2,462.2 
NEX3,229.8 (246.1)(18.4)2,965.3 
Other40.4 40.4 
Total Goodwill$10,798.8 $(246.1)$(18.4)$10,534.3 
(in millions)Balance at December 31, 2019Reclassified as Held for Sale
Other
Activity (1)
Balance at December 31, 2020
CBOT Holdings$5,066.4 $$$5,066.4 
NYMEX Holdings2,462.2 2,462.2 
NEX3,173.5 56.3 3,229.8 
Other40.4 40.4 
Total Goodwill$10,742.5 $$56.3 $10,798.8 
__________
1) Other activity includes currency translation adjustments.
6. Debt
Long-term debt consisted of the following at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020: 
(in millions)March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
$750.0 million fixed rate notes due September 2022, stated rate of 3.00% (1)
$748.8 $748.6 
€15.0 million fixed rate notes due May 2023, stated rate of 4.30%17.3 18.1 
$750.0 million fixed rate notes due March 2025, stated rate of 3.00% (2)
747.2 747.0 
$500.0 million fixed rate notes due June 2028, stated rate of 3.75%496.9 496.8 
$750.0 million fixed rate notes due September 2043, stated rate of 5.30% (3)
743.1 743.1 
$700.0 million fixed rate notes due June 2048, stated rate of 4.15%690.3 690.2 
Total long-term debt$3,443.6 $3,443.8 
(1)The company maintained a forward-starting interest rate swap agreement that modified the interest obligation associated with these notes so that the interest payable on the notes effectively became fixed at a rate of 3.32%.
(2)The company maintained a forward-starting interest rate swap agreement that modified the interest obligation associated with these notes so that the interest payable on the notes effectively became fixed at a rate of 3.11%.
(3)The company maintained a forward-starting interest rate swap agreement that modified the interest obligation associated with these notes so that the interest payable on the notes effectively became fixed at a rate of 4.73%.



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Long-term debt maturities, at par value (in U.S. dollar equivalent), were as follows at March 31, 2021:  
(in millions)Par Value
2022$750.0 
202317.6 
2024
2025750.0 
2026
Thereafter1,950.0 
7. Contingencies
Legal and Regulatory Matters. In the normal course of business, the company discusses matters with its regulators raised during regulatory examinations or otherwise subject to their inquiry and oversight. These matters could result in censures, fines, penalties or other sanctions. Management believes the outcome of any resulting actions will not have a material impact on its consolidated financial position or results of operations. However, the company is unable to predict the outcome or the timing of the ultimate resolution of these matters, or the potential fines, penalties or injunctive or other equitable relief, if any, that may result from these matters.
In addition, the company is a defendant in, and has potential for, various other legal proceedings arising from its regular business activities. While the ultimate results of such proceedings against the company cannot be predicted with certainty, the company believes that the resolution of any of these matters on an individual or aggregate basis will not have a material impact on its consolidated financial position or results of operations.
No accrual was required for legal and regulatory matters as none were probable and estimable as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020.
Intellectual Property Indemnifications. Certain agreements with customers and other third parties related to accessing the CME Group platforms, utilizing market data services and licensing CME SPAN software may contain indemnifications from intellectual property claims that may be made against them as a result of their use of the applicable products and/or services. The potential future claims relating to these indemnifications cannot be estimated and therefore no liability has been recorded.
8. Leases
The company has operating leases for corporate offices. The operating leases have remaining lease terms of up to 17 years, some of which include options to extend or renew the leases for up to an additional 5 years, and some of which include options to early terminate the leases in less than 12 months. Management evaluates whether these options are exercisable at least quarterly in order to determine whether the contract term must be reassessed. For a small number of the leases, primarily the international locations, management's approach is to enter into short-term leases for a lease term of 12 months or less in order to provide for greater flexibility in the local environment. For certain office spaces, the company has entered into arrangements to sublease excess space to third parties, while the original lease contract remains in effect with the landlord.
The company also has one finance lease, which is related to the sale of our data center in March 2016. In connection with the sale, the company leased back a portion of the property. The sale leaseback transaction was recognized under the financing method and not as a sale leaseback arrangement.
The right-of-use lease asset is recorded within other assets, and the present value of the lease liability is recorded within other liabilities (segregated between short term and long term) on the consolidated balance sheets. The discount rate applied to the lease payments represents the company's incremental borrowing rate.








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The components of lease costs were as follows:
Quarter Ended
March 31,
(in millions)20212020
Operating lease expense:
Operating lease cost$16.8 $14.9 
Short-term lease cost0.2 0.2 
Total operating lease expense included in other expense$17.0 $15.1 
Finance lease expense:
Interest expense$0.8 $0.9 
Depreciation expense2.2 2.2 
Total finance lease expense$3.0 $3.1 
Sublease revenue included in other revenue$2.5 $3.6 
Supplemental cash flow information related to leases was as follows:
Quarter Ended
March 31,
(in millions)20212020
Cash outflows for operating leases$15.3 $15.9 
Cash outflows for finance leases4.2 4.2 
Supplemental balance sheet information related to leases was as follows:
Operating leases
(in millions)March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
Operating lease right-of-use assets$386.5 $390.3 
Operating lease liabilities:
Other current liabilities$47.3 $44.5 
Other liabilities491.3 492.2 
Total operating lease liabilities$538.6 $536.7 
Weighted average remaining lease term (in months)137138
Weighted average discount rate3.9 %3.9 %









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Finance leases
(in millions)March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
Finance lease right-of-use assets$86.7 $88.8 
Finance lease liabilities:
Other current liabilities$7.7 $7.7 
Other liabilities81.9 83.8 
Total finance lease liabilities$89.6 $91.5 
Weighted average remaining lease term (in months)120123
Weighted average discount rate3.5 %3.5 %
Future minimum lease payments were as follows as of March 31, 2021 for operating and finance leases:
(in millions)Operating Leases
Remainder of 2021$49.7 
202269.7 
202368.0 
202461.7 
202558.8 
202654.3 
Thereafter306.7 
Total lease payments668.9 
Less: imputed interest(130.3)
Present value of lease liability$538.6 
(in millions)Finance Leases
Remainder of 2021$12.7 
202217.1 
202317.2 
202417.4 
202517.5 
202617.6 
Thereafter76.7 
Total lease payments176.2 
Less: imputed interest(86.6)
Present value of lease liability$89.6 
9. Guarantees
Mutual Offset Agreement. CME and Singapore Exchange Limited (SGX) maintain a mutual offset agreement with a current term through May 2023. This agreement enables market participants to open a futures position on one exchange and liquidate it on the other. The term of the agreement will automatically renew for a 1-year period after May 2023 unless either party provides advance notice of their intent to terminate. CME can maintain collateral in the form of irrevocable, standby letters of credit. At March 31, 2021, CME was contingently liable to SGX on letters of credit totaling $310.0 million. CME also maintains a $350.0 million line of credit to meet its obligations under this agreement. Regardless of the collateral, CME guarantees all cleared transactions submitted through SGX and would initiate procedures designed to satisfy these financial obligations in the event of a default, such as the use of performance bonds and guaranty fund contributions of the defaulting clearing firm. Management has assessed the fair value of the company's guarantee liability under this mutual offset agreement by taking the following factors into consideration: the design and operations of the clearing risk management process, the financial safeguard packages in place, historical evidence of default by a clearing member and the estimated probability of
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potential payouts by the clearing house. Based on the assessment performed, management estimates the guarantee liability to be nominal and therefore has not recorded any liability at March 31, 2021.
Family Farmer and Rancher Protection Fund. In 2012, the company established the Family Farmer and Rancher Protection Fund (the Fund). The Fund is designed to provide payments, up to certain maximum levels, to family farmers, ranchers and other agricultural industry participants who use the company's agricultural commodity products and who suffer losses to their segregated account balances due to their CME clearing member becoming insolvent. Under the terms of the Fund, farmers and ranchers are eligible for up to $25,000 per participant. Farming and ranching cooperatives are eligible for up to $100,000 per cooperative. The Fund was established with a maximum of $100.0 million available for distribution to participants. Since its establishment, the Fund has made payments of approximately $2.0 million, which leaves $98.0 million available for future claims. If, at any time, payments due to participants were to exceed the amount remaining in the fund, payments would be pro-rated. Clearing members and customers must register with the company in advance and provide certain documentation in order to substantiate their eligibility. The company believes that its guarantee liability is nominal and therefore has not recorded any liability at March 31, 2021.
10. Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
The following tables present changes in the accumulated balances for each component of other comprehensive income (loss), including current period other comprehensive income (loss) and reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss):
(in millions)Investment SecuritiesDefined Benefit PlansDerivative InvestmentsForeign Currency TranslationTotal
Balance at December 31, 2020$1.6 $(57.1)$67.0 $123.4 $134.9 
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications and income tax benefit (expense)(1.1)(51.2)(52.3)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)1.1 (0.3)0.8 
Income tax benefit (expense)0.3 (0.3)0.1 0.1 
Net current period other comprehensive income (loss)(0.8)0.8 (0.2)(51.2)(51.4)
Balance at March 31, 2021$0.8 $(56.3)$66.8 $72.2 $83.5 
(in millions)Investment SecuritiesDefined Benefit PlansDerivative InvestmentsForeign Currency TranslationTotal
Balance at December 31, 2019$0.8 $(55.1)$69.0 $(11.3)$3.4 
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications and income tax benefit (expense)(0.6)(2.0)(27.8)(30.4)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)1.2 (1.8)0.6 
Income tax benefit (expense)0.2 0.2 0.4 0.8 
Net current period other comprehensive income (loss)(0.4)(0.6)(1.4)(27.2)(29.6)
Balance at March 31, 2020$0.4 $(55.7)$67.6 $(38.5)$(26.2)
11. Fair Value Measurements
The company uses a three-level classification hierarchy of fair value measurements for disclosure purposes:
Level 1 inputs, which are considered the most reliable evidence of fair value, consist of quoted prices (unadjusted) for identical assets or liabilities in active markets.
Level 2 inputs consist of observable market data, such as quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, or inputs other than quoted prices that are directly observable.
Level 3 inputs consist of unobservable inputs which are derived and cannot be corroborated by market data or other entity-specific inputs.
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The company's level 1 assets generally include investments in publicly traded mutual funds, equity securities and corporate debt securities with quoted market prices. In general, the company uses quoted prices in active markets for identical assets to determine the fair value of marketable securities.
The company's level 2 assets and liabilities generally consist of asset-backed securities and long-term debt notes. Asset-backed securities were measured at fair value based on matrix pricing using prices of similar securities with similar inputs such as maturity dates, interest rates and credit ratings. The fair values of the long-term debt notes were based on quoted market prices in an inactive market.
The company's level 3 assets and liabilities include certain fixed assets and investments that were impaired or written up in fair value.
Recurring Fair Value Measurements. Financial assets and liabilities recorded at fair value on the consolidated balance sheet as of March 31, 2021 were classified in their entirety based on the lowest level of input that was significant to each asset and liability's fair value measurement. The following table presents financial instruments measured at fair value on a recurring basis:
 March 31, 2021
(in millions)Level 1Level 2Level 3Total
Assets at Fair Value:
Marketable securities:
Corporate debt securities$17.0 $$$17.0 
Mutual funds87.7 87.7 
Equity securities0.2 0.2 
Asset-backed securities0.3 0.3 
Total Marketable Securities104.9 0.3 105.2 
Total Assets at Fair Value$104.9 $0.3 $$105.2 
Non-Recurring Fair Value Measurements. The company recognized impairment charges of $0.5 million related to certain fixed assets. The fair values of these fixed assets were estimated to be 0 at March 31, 2021. The company also recognized a net unrealized gain on an investment of $0.8 million. The fair value of the investment was estimated to be $9.4 million at March 31, 2021. These assessments were based on quantitative and qualitative indicators of fair value. The fair value measurements of the fixed assets and investment are considered level 3 and non-recurring.
Fair Values of Long-Term Debt Notes. The following presents the estimated fair values of long-term debt notes, which are carried at amortized cost on the consolidated balance sheets. The fair values below are classified as level 2 under the fair value hierarchy and were estimated using quoted market prices in inactive markets.
At March 31, 2021, the fair values (in U.S. dollar equivalent) were as follows:
(in millions)Fair ValueLevel
$750.0 million fixed rate notes due September 2022$779.4 Level 2
€15.0 million fixed rate notes due May 202319.2 Level 2
$750.0 million fixed rate notes due March 2025802.8 Level 2
$500.0 million fixed rate notes due June 2028557.4 Level 2
$750.0 million fixed rate notes due September 20431,015.3 Level 2
$700.0 million fixed rate notes due June 2048845.1 Level 2
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12. Earnings Per Share
Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing net income by the weighted average number of shares of all classes of CME Group common stock outstanding for each reporting period. Diluted earnings per share reflects the increase in shares using the treasury stock method to reflect the impact of an equivalent number of shares of common stock if stock options were exercised and restricted stock awards were converted into common stock. Anti-dilutive stock awards were as follows for the periods presented:
Quarter Ended
March 31,
(in thousands)20212020
Stock awards154 68 
Total154 68 
The following table presents the earnings per share calculation for the periods presented:
 Quarter Ended
March 31,
20212020
Net Income Attributable to CME Group (in millions)$574.4 $766.2 
Weighted Average Number of Common Shares (in thousands):
Basic358,147 357,524 
Effect of stock options, restricted stock and performance shares670 931 
Diluted358,817 358,455 
Earnings per Common Share Attributable to CME Group:
Basic$1.60 $2.14 
Diluted1.60��2.14 
13. Subsequent Events
The company has evaluated subsequent events through the date the financial statements were issued. The company has determined that there were no subsequent events.

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ITEM 2.MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The following discussion is provided as a supplement to, and should be read in conjunction with, the accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements and notes in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.
References in this discussion and analysis to “we” and “our” are to CME Group Inc. (CME Group) and its consolidated subsidiaries, collectively. References to “exchange” are to Chicago Mercantile Exchange Inc. (CME), the Board of Trade of the City of Chicago, Inc. (CBOT), New York Mercantile Exchange, Inc. (NYMEX), and Commodity Exchange, Inc. (COMEX), collectively, unless otherwise noted.
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Financial Highlights
The following summarizes significant changes in our financial performance for the periods presented.
 Quarter Ended
March 31,
 
(dollars in millions, except per share data)20212020Change
Total revenues$1,253.3 $1,522.1 (18)%
Total expenses528.2 562.2 (6)
Operating margin57.9 %63.1 %
Non-operating income (expense)$27.2 $29.4 (7)
Effective tax rate23.6 %22.5 %
Net income attributable to CME Group$574.4 $766.2 (25)
Diluted earnings per common share attributable to CME Group1.60 2.14 (25)
Cash flows from operating activities602.7 757.1 (20)
Revenues
 Quarter Ended
March 31,
 
(dollars in millions)20212020Change
Clearing and transaction fees$1,007.0 $1,278.8 (21)%
Market data and information services144.2 131.5 10 
Other102.1 111.8 (9)
Total Revenues$1,253.3 $1,522.1 (18)
Clearing and Transaction Fees
Futures and Options Contracts
The following table summarizes our total contract volume, revenue and average rate per contract for futures and options. Total contract volume includes contracts that are traded on our exchange and cleared through our clearing house and certain cleared-only contracts. Volume is measured in round turns, which is considered a completed transaction that involves a purchase and an offsetting sale of a contract. Average rate per contract is determined by dividing total clearing and transaction fees by total contract volume. Contract volume and average rate per contract disclosures exclude trading volume for the cash markets business and interest rate swaps volume.
Quarter Ended
March 31,
 20212020Change
Total contract volume (in millions)1,331.5 1,674.8 (21)%
Clearing and transaction fees (in millions)$875.6 $1,133.0 (23)
Average rate per contract$0.658 $0.676 (3)
We estimate the following net changes in clearing and transaction fees based on a change in total contract volume and a change in average rate per contract for futures and options during the first quarter of 2021 when compared with the same period in 2020. 
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(in millions)Quarter Ended
Decrease due to change in total contract volume$(225.9)
Decrease due to change in average rate per contract(31.5)
Net decrease in clearing and transaction fees$(257.4)
Average rate per contract is impacted by our rate structure, including volume-based incentives; product mix; trading venue, and the percentage of volume executed by customers who are members compared with non-member customers. Due to the relationship between average rate per contract and contract volume, the change in clearing and transaction fees attributable to changes in each is only an approximation.
Contract Volume
The following table summarizes average daily contract volume. Contract volume can be influenced by many factors, including political and economic conditions, the regulatory environment and market competition. 
Quarter Ended
March 31,
(amounts in thousands)20212020Change
Average Daily Volume by Product Line:
Interest rates10,349 13,813 (25)%
Equity indexes6,117 6,498 (6)
Foreign exchange852 1,079 (21)
Agricultural commodities1,471 1,506 (2)
Energy2,363 3,228 (27)
Metals675 889 (24)
Aggregate average daily volume21,827 27,013 (19)
Average Daily Volume by Venue:
CME Globex20,436 24,582 (17)
Open outcry678 1,281 (47)
Privately negotiated713 1,150 (38)
Aggregate average daily volume21,827 27,013 (19)
Electronic Volume as a Percentage of Total Volume94 %91 %
Overall market volatility declined throughout the first quarter of 2021 following very high volatility in the first quarter of 2020. During the first quarter of 2020, the Federal Reserve made the unexpected decision to lower the federal funds rate due to the economic concerns from the COVID-19 pandemic and announced their intent not to raise them for the foreseeable future. This resulted in significant volatility within the financial and equity markets in the first quarter of 2020 which subsided by the end of 2020. In addition, lower producer price competition within the oil markets combined with lower energy demands during the COVID-19 pandemic resulted in lower market volatility within the energy market during the first quarter of 2021.
Following the Illinois stay at home orders in March 2020, we closed the trading floor in Chicago. We began a limited re-opening of the trading floor in the third quarter of 2020. In May 2021, we announced that only the Eurodollar options pit will remain open. We will not reopen the remaining trading floor pits.

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Interest Rate Products
The following table summarizes average daily contract volume for our key interest rate products. Eurodollar Front 8 futures include contracts expiring in two years or less. Eurodollar Back 32 futures include contracts with expirations after two years through ten years.
  
Quarter Ended
March 31,
 
(amounts in thousands)20212020Change
Eurodollar futures and options:
       Front 8 futures1,262 2,596 (51)%
       Back 32 futures1,414 892 58 
       Options1,106 2,384 (54)
U.S. Treasury futures and options:
10-Year2,820 3,191 (12)
       5-Year1,463 1,699 (14)
Treasury Bond658 638 
2-Year502 945 (47)
Federal Funds futures and options100 501 (80)
In the first quarter 2021, overall interest rate contract volume decreased when compared with the same period in 2020, which we believe resulted from low interest rate volatility. Interest rate volatility decreased following the Federal Reserve's decision to cut interest rates to near zero in early 2020 and its indication that it would not raise interest rates in the foreseeable future in response to the economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. The decrease in volume was partially offset by an increase in Back 32 futures volume, which we believe resulted from market participants' expectations for future increases in interest rates within the next few years.
Equity Index Products
The following table summarizes average daily contract volume for our key equity index products.
  
Quarter Ended
March 31,
 
(amounts in thousands)20212020Change
E-mini S&P 500 futures and options3,485 4,251 (18)%
E-mini NASDAQ 100 futures and options1,724 1,293 33 
E-mini Russell 2000 futures and options416 310 34 
Equity index contract volume decreased in the first quarter of 2021 when compared with the same period in 2020. Volatility within the broad-based indexes, including the S&P 500, subsided in the first quarter of 2021 following significant equity market volatility in early 2020 resulting from uncertainty surrounding the economic impact of governmental and business actions to combat the COVID-19 pandemic. However, there was an increase in volatility within the narrow-based indexes, which experienced a market repricing in the first quarter of 2021. We believe this increase in volatility contributed to an increase in E-mini NASDAQ 100 and E-mini Russell 2000 contracts. Average daily contract volume in the first quarter 2021 also included Micro-E-mini equity index contract volume of approximately 2.5 million compared to approximately 1.4 million in 2020. Micro-E-mini equity index contracts have a notional size of one-tenth of the traditional E-mini contracts.
Foreign Exchange Products
The following table summarizes average daily contract volume for our key foreign exchange products. 
Quarter Ended
March 31,
(amounts in thousands)20212020Change
Euro229 285 (20)%
Australian dollar120 131 (9)
Japanese yen112 198 (44)
British Pound100 133 (25)
In the first quarter of 2021, foreign exchange contract volume decreased when compared with the same period in 2020. Market volatility subsided following very high foreign exchange volatility in the first quarter of 2020 caused by significant uncertainty
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surrounding the economic impacts of the governmental and business actions to combat the COVID-19 pandemic. We believe these factors led to the decrease in foreign exchange contract volume.
Agricultural Commodity Products
The following table summarizes average daily contract volume for our key agricultural commodity products. 
Quarter Ended
March 31,
(amounts in thousands)20212020Change
Corn511 436 17 %
Soybean328 289 14 
Wheat197 251 (22)
Overall commodity contract volume remained relatively flat in the first quarter of 2021 compared with the same period in 2020. We believe the increase in corn and soybean volume was the result of an increase in demand in commodities from China. The decrease in wheat volume was largely due to low price volatility.
Energy Products
The following table summarizes average daily contract volume for our key energy products. 
Quarter Ended
March 31,
(amounts in thousands)20212020Change
WTI crude oil1,265 1,792 (29)%
Natural gas569 742 (23)
Refined products382 497 (23)
Overall energy contract volume decreased in the first quarter when compared with the same period in 2020, which we believe was largely due to a decrease in price volatility. The crude oil market remains less volatile as the market continues to rebalance from a reduction in demand caused by the COVID-19 pandemic.
Metal Products
The following table summarizes average daily volume for our key metal products.  
Quarter Ended
March 31,
(amounts in thousands)20212020Change
Gold404 608 (34)%
Silver128 125 
Copper120 121 (1)
In the first quarter 2021, metal contract volume decreased when compared with the same period in 2020. The decrease in gold volume can be attributed to lower overall market volatility. In early 2020, investors were using gold and other precious metals as safe-haven investments in the first quarter of 2020 as a result of uncertainty within other markets caused by the COVID-19 pandemic.
Average Rate per Contract
The average rate per contract decreased in the first quarter 2021 when compared with the same period in 2020. The decrease was largely due to the increase in the micro-E-mini equity index contract volume, which have a lower average rate per contract compared with a standard E-mini contract. Micro-E-mini equity index contracts have a notional size of one-tenth of the traditional E-mini contracts. This decrease was partially offset by the rate impact of higher non-member volume as a percentage of total volume.






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Cash Markets Business
Total clearing and transaction fees revenues in the first quarter 2021 include $115.1 million of transaction fees attributable to the cash markets business compared with $124.4 million in the first quarter of 2020. This revenue primarily includes BrokerTec Americas LLC's fixed income volume and EBS's foreign exchange volume.
Quarter Ended
March 31,
(amounts in millions)20212020Change
BrokerTec U.S.'s fixed income transaction fees$45.5 $50.3 (10)%
EBS's foreign exchange transaction fees45.3 52.5 (14)
The related average daily notional value for the first quarter of 2021 were as follows:
Quarter Ended
March 31,
(amounts in billions)20212020Change
U.S. Treasury$136.0 $192.8 (29)%
European Repo (in euros)287.3 262.6 
Spot FX72.7 97.9 (26)
Overall average daily notional value for the cash markets business decreased in the first quarter 2021 when compared with the same period in 2020. The decrease in trading is largely due to lower volatility as the first quarter of 2020 saw high volatility as a result of the uncertainty surrounding the COVID-19 pandemic. In addition, market participants' expectation of potentially low interest rates for an extended period of time contributed to lower volumes in the first quarter of 2021.
Concentration of Revenue
We bill a substantial portion of our clearing and transaction fees directly to our clearing firms. The majority of clearing and transaction fees received from clearing firms represent charges for trades executed and cleared on behalf of their customers. One individual firm represented approximately 11% of our clearing and transaction fees in the first quarter of 2021. Should a clearing firm withdraw, we believe that the customer portion of the firm’s trading activity would likely transfer to another clearing firm of the exchange. Therefore, we do not believe we are exposed to significant risk from the ongoing loss of revenue received from or through a particular clearing firm.
Other Sources of Revenue
During the first quarter of 2021, overall market data and information services revenue increased when compared with the same period in 2020 largely due to price increases for certain products.
The two largest resellers of our market data represented approximately 33% of our market data and information services revenue in the first quarter of 2021. Despite this concentration, we consider exposure to significant risk of revenue loss to be minimal. In the event that one of these vendors no longer subscribes to our market data, we believe the majority of that vendor’s customers would likely subscribe to our market data through another reseller. Additionally, several of our largest institutional customers that utilize services from our two largest resellers report usage and remit payment of their fees directly to us.
In the first quarter of 2021, the decrease in other revenue when compared with the same period in 2020 was largely due to a decrease in processing services revenue and custody fees.









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Expenses
  
Quarter Ended
March 31,
 
(dollars in millions)20212020Change
Compensation and benefits$225.0 $207.5 %
Technology48.2 47.7 
Professional fees and outside services37.4 41.7 (10)
Amortization of purchased intangibles60.6 77.3 (22)
Depreciation and amortization37.6 35.3 
Licensing and other fee agreements64.7 73.9 (12)
Other54.7 78.8 (31)
Total Expenses$528.2 $562.2 (6)
Operating expenses decreased by $34.0 million in the first quarter of 2021 when compared with the same period in 2020. The following table shows the estimated impacts of key factors resulting in the change in operating expenses: 
  
Quarter Ended,
March 31, 2021
  
Amount  of
Change
Change as  a
Percentage of
Total Expenses
(dollars in millions)
Intangible and fixed asset impairments$(22.8)(4)%
Amortization of purchased intangibles(16.7)(3)
Licensing and other fee agreements(9.2)(2)
Bonus expense(8.7)(1)
Employee severance and restructuring10.8 
Non-qualified deferred compensation plans12.0 
Other expenses, net0.6 — 
Total decrease$(34.0)(6)%
Decreases in operating expenses in the first quarter of 2021 when compared with the same period in 2020 were as follows:
In the first quarter of 2020, we recognized higher impairment charges on certain intangibles and fixed assets due to the disposal of various businesses.
Amortization of purchased intangibles was lower during the first quarter of 2021, as intangible assets related to CME Group's optimization business were classified as held for sale following approval of the IHS Markit joint venture by the company's Board of Directors. Amortization is no longer taken on intangible assets once they are classified as held for sale.
A decrease in licensing and other fee agreements expense was due to lower volumes for certain equity products in the first quarter of 2021 compared to the same period in 2020.
Bonus expense decreased due to performance relative to our 2021 cash earnings target when compared with 2020 performance relative to our 2020 cash earnings target.
Increases in operating expenses in first quarter of 2021 when compared with the same period in 2020 were as follows:
An increase in our non-qualified deferred compensation liability during the first quarter of 2021, the impact of which does not affect net income because of an equal and offsetting change in investment income, contributed to an increase in compensation and benefits expense.
Employee severance cost was higher during the first quarter of 2021 due to a higher reduction in workforce compared to the same period in 2020.
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Non-Operating Income (Expense)
  
Quarter Ended
March 31,
 
(dollars in millions)20212020Change
Investment income$30.9 $95.9 (68)%
Interest and other borrowing costs(41.5)(40.9)
Equity in net earnings (losses) of unconsolidated subsidiaries56.2 51.2 10 
Other non-operating income (expense)(18.4)(76.8)(76)
Total Non-Operating$27.2 $29.4 (7)
Investment income. Investment income decreased in the first quarter of 2021 when compared with the same period in 2020, largely due to a decrease in earnings from cash performance bond and guaranty fund contributions that are reinvested. The decrease in earnings resulted from lower rates of interest earned in the cash account at the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago following significant interest rate cuts in early 2020 by the Federal Reserve despite an increase in average reinvestment balance.
Equity in net earnings (losses) of unconsolidated subsidiaries. In the first quarter of 2021 when compared with the same period of 2020, higher income generated from our S&P/Dow Jones Indices LLC (S&P/DJI) business venture contributed to an increase in equity in net earnings (losses) of unconsolidated subsidiaries.
Other income (expense). Other expenses decreased in the first quarter of 2021 when compared with the same period in 2020. We recognized lower expenses during the first quarter of 2021 related to a reduction in the distribution of interest earned on performance bond collateral reinvestments to the clearing firms due to lower interest income earned on our reinvestment.
Income Tax Provision
The following table summarizes the effective tax rates for the periods presented: 
20212020
Quarter ended March 3123.6 %22.5 %
The overall effective tax rate increased in the first quarter of 2021 when compared with the same period in 2020. The effective tax rate was higher in the first quarter of 2021 due to a benefit recognized in the first quarter of 2020 resulting from the settlement of various tax audits.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Sources and Uses of Cash. Net cash provided by operating activities decreased in the first quarter of 2021 when compared with the same period in 2020 largely due to a decrease in trading volume. Net cash used in investing activities was lower in the first quarter of 2021 compared with the same period in 2020 largely due to a decrease in purchases of property. Cash used in financing activities was lower in the first quarter of 2021 when compared with the same period in 2020 due to net repayments of commercial paper made in the first quarter of 2020.
Debt Instruments. The following table summarizes our debt outstanding at March 31, 2021:
(in millions)Par Value
Fixed rate notes due September 2022, stated rate of 3.00% (1)
$750.0 
Fixed rate notes due May 2023, stated rate of 4.30%15.0 
Fixed rate notes due March 2025, stated rate of 3.00% (2)
$750.0 
Fixed rate notes due June 2028, stated rate of 3.75%$500.0 
Fixed rate notes due September 2043, stated rate of 5.30% (3)
$750.0 
Fixed rate notes due June 2048, stated rate of 4.15%$700.0 
 _______________
(1)We maintained a forward-starting interest rate swap agreement that modified the interest obligation associated with these notes so that the interest payable on the notes effectively became fixed at a rate of 3.32%.
(2)We maintained a forward-starting interest rate swap agreement that modified the interest obligation associated with these notes so that the interest payable on the notes effectively became fixed at a rate of 3.11%.
(3)We maintained a forward-starting interest rate swap agreement that modified the interest obligation associated with these notes so that the interest payable effectively became fixed at a rate of 4.73%.
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We maintain a $2.4 billion multi-currency revolving senior credit facility with various financial institutions, which matures in November 2022. The proceeds from this facility can be used for general corporate purposes, which includes providing liquidity for our clearing house in certain circumstances at CME Group's discretion and, if necessary, for maturities of commercial paper. As long as we are not in default under this facility, we have the option to increase it up to $3.0 billion with the consent of the agent and lenders providing the additional funds. This facility is voluntarily pre-payable from time to time without premium or penalty. Under this facility, we are required to remain in compliance with a consolidated net worth test, which is defined as our consolidated shareholders' equity at September 30, 2017, giving effect to share repurchases made and special dividends paid during the term of the agreements (and in no event greater than $2.0 billion in aggregate), multiplied by 0.65. We currently do not have any borrowings outstanding under this facility, but any commercial paper balance if or when outstanding can be backstopped against this facility.
We maintain a 364-day multi-currency revolving secured credit facility with a consortium of domestic and international banks to be used in certain situations by the clearing house. The facility provides for borrowings of up to $7.0 billion. We may use the proceeds to provide temporary liquidity in the unlikely event a clearing firm fails to promptly discharge an obligation to CME Clearing, in the event of a liquidity constraint or default by a depositary (custodian for our collateral), in the event of a temporary disruption with the domestic payments system that would delay payment of settlement variation between us and our clearing firms, or in other cases as provided by the CME rulebook. Clearing firm guaranty fund contributions received in the form of cash or U.S. Treasury securities as well as the performance bond assets (pursuant to the CME rulebook) can be used to collateralize the facility. At March 31, 2021, guaranty fund contributions available to collateralize the facility totaled $8.5 billion. We have the option to request an increase in the line from $7.0 billion to $10.0 billion. Our 364-day facility contains a requirement that CME remain in compliance with a consolidated tangible net worth test, defined as CME consolidated shareholder's equity less intangible assets (as defined in the agreement), of not less than $800.0 million. We currently do not have any borrowings outstanding under this facility.
The indentures governing our fixed rate notes, our $2.4 billion multi-currency revolving senior credit facility and our 364-day multi-currency revolving secured credit facility for $7.0 billion do not contain specific covenants that restrict the ability to pay dividends. These documents, however, do contain other customary financial and operating covenants that place restrictions on the operations of the company that could indirectly affect the ability to pay dividends.
At March 31, 2021, we have excess borrowing capacity for general corporate purposes of approximately $2.4 billion under our multi-currency revolving senior credit facility.
At March 31, 2021, we were in compliance with the various financial covenant requirements of all our debt facilities.
CME Group, as a holding company, has no operations of its own. Instead, it relies on dividends declared and paid to it by its subsidiaries in order to provide the funds which it uses to pay dividends to its shareholders.
To satisfy our performance bond obligation with Singapore Exchange Limited, we may pledge irrevocable standby letters of credit. At March 31, 2021, the letters of credit totaled $310.0 million. We also maintain a $350.0 million line of credit to meet our obligations under this agreement.
The following table summarizes our credit ratings at March 31, 2021:  
   Short-Term  Long-Term   
Rating Agency  Debt Rating  Debt Rating  Outlook
Standard & Poor’s  A1+  AA-  Stable
Moody’s Investors Service  P1  Aa3  Stable
Given our cash flow generation, our ability to pay down debt levels and our ability to refinance existing debt facilities if necessary, we expect to maintain an investment grade rating. If our ratings are downgraded below investment grade due to a change of control, we are required to make an offer to repurchase our fixed rate notes at a price equal to 101% of the principal amount, plus accrued and unpaid interest.
Liquidity and Cash Management. Cash and cash equivalents totaled $0.9 billion and $1.6 billion at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. The balance retained in cash and cash equivalents is a function of anticipated or possible short-term cash needs, prevailing interest rates, our corporate investment policy and alternative investment choices. A majority of our cash and cash equivalents balance is invested in money market mutual funds that invest only in U.S. Treasury securities, U.S. government agency securities and U.S. Treasury security reverse repurchase agreements and short-term bank deposits. Our exposure to credit and liquidity risk is minimal given the nature of the investments. Cash that is not available for general corporate purposes because of regulatory requirements or other restrictions is classified as restricted cash and is included in other current assets or other assets in the consolidated balance sheets.
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On May 4, 2021, CME Group's board of directors declared a regular quarterly dividend of $0.90 per share payable on June 25, 2021 to the shareholders of record as of June 10, 2021.
Regulatory Requirements. CME is regulated by the CFTC as a U.S. Derivatives Clearing Organization (DCO). DCOs are required to maintain capital, as defined by the CFTC, in an amount at least equal to one year of projected operating expenses as well as cash, liquid securities, or a line of credit at least equal to six months of projected operating expenses. CME was designated by the Financial Stability Oversight Council as a systemically important financial market utility under Title VIII of Dodd-Frank. As a result, CME must comply with CFTC regulations applicable to a systemically important DCO for financial resources and liquidity resources. CME is in compliance with all DCO financial requirements.
CME, CBOT, NYMEX and COMEX are regulated by the CFTC as Designated Contract Markets (DCM). DCMs are required to maintain capital, as defined by the CFTC, in an amount at least equal to one year of projected operating expenses as well as cash, liquid securities or a line of credit at least equal to six months of projected operating expenses. Our DCMs are in compliance with all DCM financial requirements.
BrokerTec Americas LLC is required to maintain sufficient net capital under Securities Exchange Act Rule 15c3-1 (the Net Capital Rule). The Net Capital Rule focuses on liquidity and is designed to protect securities customers, counterparties, and creditors by requiring that broker-dealers have sufficient liquid resources on hand at all times to satisfy claims promptly. Rule 15c3-3, or the customer protection rule, which complements rule 15c3-1, is designed to ensure that customer property (securities and funds) in the custody of broker-dealers is adequately safeguarded. By law, both of these rules apply to the activities of registered broker-dealers, but not to unregistered affiliates. The firm began operating as a (k)(2)(i) broker dealer in November 2017 following notification to the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority and the SEC. A company operating under the (k)(2)(i) exemption is not required to lock up customer funds as would otherwise be required under Rule 15c3-3 of the Securities Exchange Act.
ITEM 3.QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
We are subject to various market risks, including those caused by changes in interest rates, credit, foreign currency exchange rates and equity prices. There have not been material changes in our exposure to market risk since December 31, 2020. Refer to Item 7A. of CME Group’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 for additional information.
ITEM 4.CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
(a) Disclosure Controls and Procedures. Our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, has evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as such term is defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the Exchange Act)) as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based on such evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have concluded that, as of the end of such period, our disclosure controls and procedures are effective.
(b) Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting. As required by Rule 13a-15(d) under the Exchange Act, the company’s management, including the company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, have evaluated the company’s internal control over financial reporting (as such term is defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act) to determine whether any changes occurred during the quarter covered by this quarterly report that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the company’s internal control over financial reporting. There were no changes in the company’s internal control over financial reporting which occurred during the fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2021, that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the company’s internal control over financial reporting.
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
ITEM 1.LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
See “Legal and Regulatory Matters” in Note 7. Contingencies to the Consolidated Financial Statements for updates to CME Group’s existing legal proceedings disclosure which is incorporated herein by reference. Note 7. Contingencies includes updates to the legal proceedings disclosed in the company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed with the SEC on February 26, 2021.
ITEM 1A.RISK FACTORS
There have been no material changes in the company's risk factors from those disclosed in the company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.
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ITEM 2.UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
Period(a) Total Number of
Class A
Shares Purchased (1)
(b) Average Price
Paid Per Share
(c) Total Number of Class A Shares Purchased as
Part of Publicly Announced Plans or Programs
(d) Maximum Number (or Approximate Value) that
May Yet Be Purchased
Under the Plans or Programs
(in millions)
January 1 to January 31236 $183.17 — $— 
February 1 to February 28369 192.67 — — 
March 1 to March 3162,164 209.06 — — 
Total62,769 — 
(1)Shares purchased consist of an aggregate of 62,769 shares of Class A common stock surrendered in the first quarter of 2021 to satisfy employees’ tax obligations upon the vesting of restricted stock.

ITEM 6.EXHIBITS
10.1
31.1  
31.2  
32.1  
101  The following materials from CME Group Inc.’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2021, formatted in Inline XBRL (Extensible Business Reporting Language): (i) the Consolidated Balance Sheets, (ii) the Consolidated Statements of Income, (iii) the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income, (iv) the Consolidated Statements of Equity, (v) Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows and (vi) Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements, tagged as blocks of text.
104  The cover page from CME Group Inc.'s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2021, formatted in Inline XBRL.

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SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
  
CME Group Inc.
(Registrant)
Dated: May 5, 2021  By:  /s/ John W. Pietrowicz
   John W. Pietrowicz
Chief Financial Officer & Senior Managing
Director Finance
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