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WHG Westwood

Filed: 28 Oct 20, 4:38pm



____________________________________________________________________________________________________
 
 UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
FORM 10-Q
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
Quarterly Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2020
OR
Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the transition period from             to             .
Commission file number 1-31234
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
WESTWOOD HOLDINGS GROUP, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
Delaware75-2969997
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)(IRS Employer Identification No.)
200 CRESCENT COURT, SUITE 1200
DALLAS,Texas75201
(Address of principal executive office)(Zip Code)
(214) 756-6900
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of Each ClassTrading SymbolName of Each Exchange on Which Registered
Common stock, par value $0.01 per shareWHGNew York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definition of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes      No  
Shares of common stock, par value $0.01 per share, outstanding as of October 22, 2020: 8,373,143.
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
 



WESTWOOD HOLDINGS GROUP, INC.
INDEX
 
 
 
 
 

 




WESTWOOD HOLDINGS GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except par value and share amounts)
(Unaudited)
September 30,
2020
December 31,
2019
ASSETS
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$15,593 $49,766 
Accounts receivable9,492 13,177 
Investments, at fair value61,993 50,324 
Prepaid income taxes511 1,150 
Other current assets2,211 2,544 
Total current assets89,800 116,961 
Investments8,154 8,154 
Noncurrent investments at fair value3,328 4,238 
Goodwill16,401 19,804 
Deferred income taxes2,398 2,216 
Operating lease right-of-use assets6,364 7,562 
Intangible assets, net13,963 15,256 
Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $8,056 and $7,3953,532 4,152 
Other long-term assets444 364 
Total assets$144,384 $178,707 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities$2,097 $2,145 
Dividends payable873 7,362 
Compensation and benefits payable5,938 9,975 
Operating lease liabilities1,695 1,584 
Income taxes payable195 289 
Total current liabilities10,798 21,355 
Accrued dividends575 1,303 
Noncurrent operating lease liabilities6,519 7,762 
Total long-term liabilities7,094 9,065 
Total liabilities17,892 30,420 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 11)
Stockholders' Equity:
Common stock, $0.01 par value, authorized 25,000,000 shares, issued 10,542,571 and outstanding 8,366,811 shares at September 30, 2020; issued 10,306,570 and outstanding 8,881,086 shares at December 31, 2019106 103 
Additional paid-in capital209,060 203,441 
Treasury stock, at cost - 2,175,758 shares at September 30, 2020; 1,425,483 shares at December 31, 2019(78,050)(63,281)
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)(2,943)
Retained earnings (accumulated deficit)(4,624)10,967 
Total stockholders' equity126,492 148,287 
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity$144,384 $178,707 
 
See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

1


WESTWOOD HOLDINGS GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(In thousands, except per share data and share amounts)
(Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2020201920202019
REVENUES:
Advisory fees:
Asset-based$8,847 $13,164 $29,277 $44,265 
Performance-based713 154 1,408 454 
Trust fees5,787 6,281 17,395 19,264 
Trust performance-based fees37 77 
Other, net70 293 (159)1,480 
Total revenues15,454 19,892 47,998 65,463 
EXPENSES:
Employee compensation and benefits9,515 12,072 32,970 38,060 
Sales and marketing215 506 946 1,550 
Westwood mutual funds421 916 1,370 2,423 
Information technology2,158 2,017 6,219 6,276 
Professional services1,033 940 3,217 3,258 
General and administrative2,333 2,317 6,830 7,153 
Impairment expense3,403 3,403 
(Gain) loss on foreign currency transactions419 (402)(1,196)1,142 
Total expenses19,497 18,366 53,759 59,862 
Net operating income (loss)(4,043)1,526 (5,761)5,601 
Unrealized losses on private investments(73)(909)
Investment income (expense)(43)625 
Other income34 33 102 110 
Foreign currency translation adjustments to net income (loss) upon liquidation of a foreign subsidiary(4,193)(4,193)
Income (loss) before income taxes(8,318)1,559 (10,136)5,711 
Income tax expense1,971 442 1,626 2,341 
Net income (loss)$(10,289)$1,117 $(11,762)$3,370 
Other comprehensive income (loss):
Foreign currency translation adjustments621 (482)(1,250)1,084 
Reclassification of cumulative foreign currency translation adjustments to net income (loss) upon liquidation of a foreign subsidiary4,193 4,193 
Total comprehensive income (loss)$(5,475)$635 $(8,819)$4,454 
Earnings (loss) per share:
Basic$(1.31)$0.13 $(1.46)$0.40 
Diluted$(1.31)$0.13 $(1.46)$0.40 
Weighted average shares outstanding:
Basic7,829,478 8,432,598 8,040,417 8,414,317 
Diluted7,829,478 8,470,673 8,040,417 8,467,823 
 
See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

2


WESTWOOD HOLDINGS GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
For the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020 and 2019
(In thousands, except share amounts)
(Unaudited)


Common Stock, ParAdditional Paid-In CapitalTreasury StockAccumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)Retained Earnings (Accumulated Deficit)Total
SharesAmount
Balance, June 30, 20208,382,342 $106 $208,572 $(78,050)$(4,814)$5,615 $131,429 
Net loss— — — — — (10,289)(10,289)
Foreign currency translation adjustments— — — — 621 — 621 
Foreign currency translation adjustments reclassification— — — — 4,193 — 4,193 
Issuance of restricted stock, net of forfeitures(15,531)— — — 
Dividend reversal for forfeited restricted stock— — — — — 50 50 
Stock-based compensation expense— — 488 — — — 488 
Balance, September 30, 20208,366,811 $106 $209,060 $(78,050)$$(4,624)$126,492 


Common Stock, ParAdditional Paid-In CapitalTreasury StockAccumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)Retained EarningsTotal
SharesAmount
Balance, June 30, 20198,944,733 $104 $200,028 $(62,883)$(3,317)$20,054 $153,986 
Net income— — — — — 1,117 1,117 
Foreign currency translation adjustments— — — — (482)— (482)
Issuance of restricted stock, net of forfeitures(22,059)(1)— — — 
Dividends declared ($0.72 per share)— — — — — (6,359)(6,359)
Stock-based compensation expense— — 2,249 — — — 2,249 
Purchases of treasury stock(16,522)— — (452)— — (452)
Balance, September 30, 20198,906,152 $103 $202,278 $(63,335)$(3,799)$14,812 $150,059 


See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

3


Common Stock, ParAdditional Paid-In CapitalTreasury StockAccumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)Retained Earnings (Accumulated Deficit)Total
SharesAmount
Balance, December 31, 20198,881,086 $103 $203,441 $(63,281)$(2,943)$10,967 $148,287 
Net loss— — — — — (11,762)(11,762)
Foreign currency translation adjustments— — — — (1,250)— (1,250)
Foreign currency translation adjustments reclassification— — — — 4,193 — 4,193 
Issuance of restricted stock, net of forfeitures236,000 (3)— — — 
Dividends declared ($0.43 per share), net of forfeitures— — — — — (3,829)(3,829)
Stock-based compensation expense— — 5,409 — — — 5,409 
Reclassification of compensation liability to be paid in shares— — 213 — — — 213 
Purchases of treasury stock(679,756)— — (12,952)— — (12,952)
Purchase of treasury stock under employee stock plans(27,474)— — (697)— — (697)
Restricted stock returned for payment of taxes(43,045)— — (1,120)— — (1,120)
Balance, September 30, 20208,366,811 $106 $209,060 $(78,050)$$(4,624)$126,492 


Common Stock, ParAdditional Paid-In CapitalTreasury StockAccumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)Retained EarningsTotal
SharesAmount
Balance, December 31, 20188,904,902 $102 $194,116 $(58,711)$(4,883)$30,525 $161,149 
Net income— — — — — 3,370 3,370 
Foreign currency translation adjustments— — — — 1,084 — 1,084 
Issuance of restricted stock, net of forfeitures131,721 (1)— — — 
Dividends declared ($2.16 per share)— — — — — (19,083)(19,083)
Stock-based compensation expense— — 7,932 — — — 7,932 
Reclassification of compensation liability to be paid in shares— — 231 — — — 231 
Purchases of treasury stock(68,435)— — (2,239)— — (2,239)
Restricted stock returned for payment of taxes(62,036)— — (2,385)— — (2,385)
Balance, September 30, 20198,906,152 $103 $202,278 $(63,335)$(3,799)$14,812 $150,059 


See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

4


WESTWOOD HOLDINGS GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
Nine Months Ended September 30,
20202019
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
Net income (loss)$(11,762)$3,370 
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash (used in) provided by operating activities:
Depreciation697 662 
Amortization of intangible assets1,293 1,281 
Unrealized (gains) losses on investments1,132 (501)
Stock based compensation expense5,409 7,932 
Deferred income taxes(191)1,572 
Non-cash lease expense1,253 852 
Impairment of goodwill3,403 
Currency translation adjustment reclassification4,193 
Change in operating assets and liabilities:
Net (purchases) sales of investments - trading securities(11,891)23,438 
Accounts receivable3,634 5,673 
Other current assets246 (361)
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities(47)(482)
Compensation and benefits payable(3,769)(8,100)
Income taxes payable492 (668)
Other liabilities(1,174)(1,057)
Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities(7,082)33,611 
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
Purchase of property and equipment(92)(516)
Purchase of investments(3,020)
Additions to internally developed software(584)
Net cash used in investing activities(92)(4,120)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
Purchases of treasury stock(12,952)(1,258)
Purchase of treasury stock under employee stock plans(697)(981)
Restricted stock returned for payment of taxes(1,120)(2,385)
Cash dividends paid(11,043)(19,979)
Net cash used in financing activities(25,812)(24,603)
Effect of currency rate changes on cash(1,187)1,035 
Net Change in Cash and Cash Equivalents(34,173)5,923 
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period49,766 52,449 
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period$15,593 $58,372 
Supplemental cash flow information:
Cash paid during the period for income taxes$1,294 $1,431 
Accrued dividends$1,448 $8,390 

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

5


WESTWOOD HOLDINGS GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
1. DESCRIPTION OF THE BUSINESS
Westwood Holdings Group, Inc. (“Westwood”, “the Company”, “we”, “us” or “our”) was incorporated under the laws of the State of Delaware on December 12, 2001. Westwood manages investment assets and provides services for its clients through its wholly-owned subsidiaries, Westwood Management Corp. and Westwood Advisors, L.L.C. (referred to hereinafter together as “Westwood Management”), Westwood Trust and Westwood International Advisors Inc. (“Westwood International Advisors”). On July 27, 2020, Westwood’s Board of Directors approved the liquidation of Westwood International Advisors, which occurred effective September 30, 2020.
Westwood Management provides investment advisory services to institutional clients, a family of mutual funds called the Westwood Funds®, other mutual funds, individual investors and clients of Westwood Trust. Prior to its liquidation, Westwood International Advisors provided investment advisory services to institutional clients, the Westwood Funds®, other mutual funds, the UCITS Fund (which was liquidated in June 2020), individual investors and clients of Westwood Trust. Westwood Trust provides trust and custodial services and participation in self-sponsored common trust funds (“CTFs”) to institutions and high net worth individuals. Revenue is largely dependent on the total value and composition of assets under management ("AUM"). Accordingly, fluctuations in financial markets and in the composition of AUM impact our revenues and results of operations.
As a result of the substantially completed closures and liquidation of Westwood International Advisors and our Toronto office, in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 we recognized $0.5 million of severance expense, $0.3 million of lease impairment expense and $0.1 million of vendor contract related costs, offset by $1.3 million of restricted stock forfeitures. The severance expense and restricted stock forfeitures were recognized within "Employee compensation and benefits," the lease impairment expense was recognized in "General and administrative," and the vendor contract costs were recognized within "Information technology" on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss).
Additionally, we repatriated previously undistributed income to the United States from Canada and incurred $1.1 million of withholding taxes (net of U.S. federal tax deduction). The withholding taxes were recognized in "Income tax expense" on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss).
Westwood Management is registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") as an investment advisor ("RIA") under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940. Westwood Trust is chartered and regulated by the Texas Department of Banking. Westwood International Advisors is registered as a portfolio manager and exempt market dealer with the Ontario Securities Commission and the Autorité des marchés financiers in Québec.
2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
 Basis of Presentation
The accompanying Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are unaudited and are presented in accordance with the requirements for quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and consequently do not include all of the information and footnote disclosures required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”).  The Company’s Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements reflect all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring adjustments) necessary in the opinion of management to present fairly our interim financial position and results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented. The accompanying Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are presented in accordance with GAAP and the rules and regulations of the SEC.
The accompanying unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with our Consolidated Financial Statements, and notes thereto, included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, filed with the SEC. Operating results for the periods in these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are not necessarily indicative of results for any future period. The accompanying Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements include the accounts of Westwood and its subsidiaries. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated upon consolidation.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Recently Adopted
6

WESTWOOD HOLDINGS GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(Unaudited)
In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other (Topic 350) - Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment. The purpose of this amendment is to simplify the accounting for goodwill impairment for all entities by requiring impairment charges to be based on the first step in the previous two-step impairment test. Under the new guidance, if a reporting unit’s carrying amount exceeds its fair value, an entity will record an impairment charge based on that difference. The impairment charge will be limited to the amount of goodwill allocated to that reporting unit. The standard eliminates the prior requirement to calculate a goodwill impairment charge using Step 2, which requires an entity to calculate any impairment charge by comparing the implied fair value of goodwill with its carrying amount. The amendments in this ASU are effective for fiscal years and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2019. We adopted this ASU as of January 1, 2020, and there was no significant impact on our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. Information regarding the impairment of goodwill related to our Advisory segment is included in Note 10 "Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets."
In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework- Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement. The purpose of this amendment is to modify, remove and add certain disclosure requirements for fair value measurements. Under ASU 2018-13, entities are required to disclose the amount of total gains or losses recognized in other comprehensive income attributable to assets and liabilities categorized within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy. The ASU includes an incremental requirement about significant unobservable inputs for Level 3 fair value measurements. The requirement to disclose reasons for transfers between Level 1 and Level 2 was removed. Various requirements for Level 3 disclosure were also modified. The amendments in this ASU are effective for all entities for fiscal years and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2019. We adopted this ASU as of January 1, 2020, and further information is included in Note 6 "Fair Value Measurements." There was no significant impact on our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-15, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other - Internal-Use Software (Topic 350): Customer's Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement That Is a Service Contract. The purpose of this amendment is to align the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred in a hosting arrangement that is a service contract with the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred to develop or obtain internal-use software (and hosting arrangements that include an internal-use software license). The amendments in this update are effective for public companies for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within that fiscal year. We adopted this ASU as of January 1, 2020 under the prospective transition method. Incremental costs related to hosting arrangements will be recorded on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets in either other current or other long-term assets, instead of intangible assets, net. Related amortization will be recorded in information technology expense on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss). Amortization of previously capitalized costs was recorded in general and administrative expense.
In May 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-05, Financial Instruments—Credit Losses (Topic 326): Targeted Transition Relief. The purpose of this amendment is to amend ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments—Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments, to allow companies to irrevocably elect, upon adoption of ASU 2016-13, the fair value option on financial instruments that were previously recorded at amortized cost and are within the scope of ASC 326-20, Financial Instruments-Credit Losses: Amortization Cost, if the instruments are eligible for the fair value option under Accounting Standards Codification 825 - Financial Instruments. The fair value option election does not apply to held-to-maturity debt securities. The amendments in this update are effective for public companies for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within that fiscal year. We adopted this ASU as of January 1, 2020, and it did not have a significant impact on our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
3. REVENUE
Revenue Recognition
Revenues are recognized when the performance obligation (the investment management and advisory or trust services provided to the client) defined by the investment advisory or sub-advisory agreement is satisfied. For each performance obligation, we determine at contract inception whether the revenue satisfies over time or at a point in time. We derive our revenues from investment advisory fees, trust fees and other sources of revenues. Advisory and trust fees are calculated based on a percentage of AUM and the performance obligation is realized over the current calendar quarter. Once clients receive our investment advisory services we have an enforceable right to payment.
Advisory Fee Revenues
Our advisory fees are generated by Westwood Management and Westwood International Advisors (prior to its closure, effective September 30, 2020), which manage client accounts under investment advisory and sub-advisory agreements. Advisory fees are typically calculated based on a percentage of AUM and are paid in accordance with the terms of the
7

WESTWOOD HOLDINGS GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(Unaudited)
agreements. Advisory fees are paid quarterly in advance based on AUM on the last day of the preceding quarter, quarterly in arrears based on AUM on the last day of the quarter just ended or are based on a daily or monthly analysis of AUM for the stated period. We recognize advisory fee revenues as services are rendered. Since our advance paying clients' billing periods coincide with the calendar quarter to which such payments relate, revenue is recognized within the quarter and our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements contain no deferred advisory fee revenues. Advisory clients typically consist of institutional and mutual fund accounts.
Institutional investors include separate accounts of (i) corporate pension and profit sharing plans, public employee retirement funds, Taft-Hartley plans, endowments, foundations and individuals; (ii) subadvisory relationships where Westwood provides investment management services for funds offered by other financial institutions; (iii) pooled investment vehicles, including the UCITS Fund and collective investment trusts; and (iv) managed account relationships with brokerage firms and other registered investment advisors that offer Westwood products to their customers. The UCITS Fund was liquidated in June 2020.
Mutual funds include the Westwood Funds®, a family of mutual funds for which Westwood Management serves as advisor. These funds are available to individual investors, as well as offered as part of our investment strategies for institutional investors and wealth management accounts.
Arrangements with Performance-Based Obligations
A limited number of our advisory clients have a contractual performance-based fee component in their contracts, which generates additional revenues if we outperform a specified index over a specific period of time, and a limited number of our mutual fund offerings have fees that generate additional revenues if we outperform specified indices over specific periods of time.
The revenue is based on future market performance and is subject to factors outside our control. We cannot conclude that a significant reversal in the cumulative amount of revenue recognized will not occur during the measurement period, and therefore the revenue is recorded at the end of the measurement period when the performance obligation has been satisfied.
Trust Fee Revenues
Our trust fees are generated by Westwood Trust pursuant to trust or custodial agreements. Trust fees are separately negotiated with each client and are generally based on a percentage of AUM. Westwood Trust also provides trust services to a small number of clients on a fixed fee basis. The fees for most of our trust clients are calculated quarterly in arrears, based on a daily average of AUM for the quarter, or monthly, based on the month-end value of AUM. Since billing periods for most of Westwood Trust’s clients coincide with the calendar quarter, revenue is fully recognized within the quarter and our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements contain no deferred advisory fee revenues.
Revenue Disaggregated
Sales taxes are excluded from revenues. The following table presents our revenue disaggregated by account type (in thousands):
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2020201920202019
Advisory Fees:
Institutional$6,184 $8,664 $20,941 $28,475 
Mutual Funds2,541 4,375 8,005 15,452 
Wealth Management122 125 331 338 
Performance-based713 154 1,408 454 
Trust Fees5,787 6,281 17,395 19,264 
Trust performance-based Fees37 77 
Other, net70 293 (159)1,480 
Total revenues$15,454 $19,892 $47,998 $65,463 

We serve clients primarily in the United States, but also in various locations around the world. The following table presents our revenue disaggregated by our clients' geographical locations (in thousands):
8

WESTWOOD HOLDINGS GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended September 30, 2020AdvisoryTrustPerformance-basedOtherTotal
Canada$337 $$$$337 
Europe475 708 1,183 
United States8,035 5,787 42 70 13,934 
Total$8,847 $5,787 $750 $70 $15,454 

Three Months Ended September 30, 2019AdvisoryTrustPerformance-basedOtherTotal
Asia$410 $$$$410 
Canada608 44 652 
Europe836 154 990 
United States11,310 6,281 249 17,840 
Total$13,164 $6,281 $154 $293 $19,892 


Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020AdvisoryTrustPerformance-basedOtherTotal
Asia$729 $$$$729 
Canada1,234 1,234 
Europe2,299 803 3,102 
United States25,015 17,395 682 (159)42,933 
Total$29,277 $17,395 $1,485 $(159)$47,998 

Nine Months Ended September 30, 2019AdvisoryTrustPerformance-basedOtherTotal
Asia$1,223 $$$$1,223 
Australia591 591 
Canada2,134 128 2,262 
Europe2,685 454 3,139 
United States37,632 19,264 1,352 58,248 
Total$44,265 $19,264 $454 $1,480 $65,463 

4. SEGMENT REPORTING
We operate 2 segments: Advisory and Trust. These segments are managed separately based on the types of products and services offered and their related client bases. The Company’s segment information is prepared on the same basis that management reviews the financial information for operational decision-making purposes. The Company’s chief operating decision maker, our Chief Executive Officer, evaluates the performance of our segments based primarily on fee revenues and Economic Earnings (Loss). Refer to the "Supplemental Financial Information" section in Item 2. "Management Discussion and Analysis of Financial Conditions and Results" for the Economic Earnings (Loss) calculation. Westwood Holdings Group, Inc., the parent company of Advisory and Trust, does not have revenues and is the entity in which we record typical holding company expenses including employee compensation and benefits for holding company employees, directors’ fees and investor relations costs. All segment accounting policies are the same as those described in the summary of significant accounting policies. Intersegment balances that eliminate in consolidation have been applied to the appropriate segment.
Advisory
Our Advisory segment provides investment advisory services to (i) corporate pension and profit sharing plans, public employee retirement funds, Taft-Hartley plans, endowments, foundations and individuals, (ii) subadvisory relationships
9

WESTWOOD HOLDINGS GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(Unaudited)
where Westwood provides investment management services to the Westwood Funds®, funds offered by other financial institutions and funds offered by our Trust segment and (iii) pooled investment vehicles, including the UCITS Fund (liquidated in June 2020) and collective investment trusts. Westwood Management and Westwood International Advisors (prior to its closure, effective September 30, 2020), which provide investment advisory services to similar clients, are included in our Advisory segment.
Trust
Trust provides trust and custodial services and participation in common trust funds that it sponsors to institutions and high net worth individuals. Westwood Trust is included in our Trust segment.
(in thousands)AdvisoryTrustWestwood
Holdings
EliminationsConsolidated
Three Months Ended September 30, 2020
Net fee revenues from external sources$9,560 $5,824 $$$15,384 
Net intersegment revenues590 70 (660)
Other, net70 70 
Total revenues$10,220 $5,894 $$(660)$15,454 
Segment assets$201,307 $52,723 $16,892 $(126,538)$144,384 
Segment goodwill$$16,401 $$$16,401 
Three Months Ended September 30, 2019
Net fee revenues from external sources$13,318 $6,281 $$$19,599 
Net intersegment revenues755 38 (793)
Net interest and dividend revenue179 69 251 
Other, net39 42 
Total revenues$14,291 $6,391 $$(793)$19,892 
Segment assets$236,710 $66,352 $21,541 $(147,289)$177,314 
Segment goodwill$3,403 $16,401 $$$19,804 


(in thousands)AdvisoryTrustWestwood HoldingsEliminationsConsolidated
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020
Net fee revenues from external sources$30,685 $17,472 $$$48,157 
Net intersegment revenues1,809 187 (1,996)
Net interest and dividend revenue31 31 
Other, net(190)(190)
Total revenues$32,335 $17,659 $$(1,996)$47,998 
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2019
Net fee revenues from external sources$44,719 $19,264 $$$63,983 
Net intersegment revenues2,638 180 (2,818)
Net interest and dividend revenue596 247 846 
Other, net645 (11)634 
Total revenues$48,598 $19,680 $$(2,818)$65,463 

5. INVESTMENTS
10

WESTWOOD HOLDINGS GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(Unaudited)
During 2018, we made a $5.4 million strategic investment in InvestCloud, a digital financial services provider ("InvestCloud"), which is included in “Investments” on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. This investment represents an equity interest in a private company without a readily determinable fair value. The Company has elected to apply the measurement alternative of cost minus impairment, if any, plus or minus changes resulting from observable price changes. Following observable price changes for this investment in 2019, we recorded a gain of $2.8 million. As of September 30, 2020, there were no additional observable price changes or indicators of impairment for this investment.
Our investment in Charis, the parent company of Westwood Private Bank ("Charis"), is included in “Noncurrent investments at fair value” on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets and is measured at fair value on a recurring basis. In the three months ended September 30, 2020, we recorded an unrealized loss of $0.1 million. In the nine months ended September 30, 2020, we recorded an unrealized loss of $0.7 million, primarily as a result of the global macroeconomic effects of COVID-19.
In 2019 we made a $0.3 million investment in Westwood Hospitality Fund I, LLC, a private investment fund. Our investment is included in “Noncurrent investments at fair value” on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets and is measured at fair value on a recurring basis using net asset value (“NAV”) as a practical expedient.
All other investments are carried at fair value on a recurring basis and are accounted for as trading securities.
Investments carried at fair value are presented in the table below (in thousands):
CostGross
Unrealized
Gains
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
Estimated
Fair
Value
September 30, 2020:
U.S. Government and Government agency obligations$57,457 $16 $(3)$57,470 
Money market funds4,014 4,014 
Equity funds84 (5)79 
Equities285 29 314 
Exchange-traded bond funds116 116 
Total trading securities61,956 45 (8)61,993 
Private investment fund250 (163)87 
Private equity3,420 (179)3,241 
Total investments carried at fair value$65,626 $45 $(350)$65,321 
December 31, 2019:
U.S. Government and Government agency obligations$39,074 $174 $$39,248 
Money market funds4,592 4,592 
Equity funds6,399 85 6,484 
Total trading securities50,065 259 50,324 
Private investment fund250 13 263 
Private equity3,420 555 3,975 
Total investments carried at fair value$53,735 $827 $$54,562 
 
There were no corporate funds invested in Westwood Funds® as of September 30, 2020. There were $6.4 million of corporate funds invested in Westwood Funds® as of December 31, 2019. See Note 13 “Variable Interest Entities.”
6. FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
ASC 820, Fair Value Measurements, defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value and requires disclosures regarding certain fair value measurements. ASC 820 establishes a three-tier hierarchy for measuring fair value, as follows:
Level 1 – quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets
11

WESTWOOD HOLDINGS GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(Unaudited)
Level 2 – inputs other than quoted prices that are directly or indirectly observable
Level 3 – significant unobservable inputs where there is little or no market activity
Our strategic investment in InvestCloud, discussed in Note 5 “Investments,” is excluded from the recurring fair value table shown below because we have elected to apply the measurement alternative for this investment.
The following table summarizes the values of our investments measured at fair value on a recurring basis within the fair value hierarchy as of the dates indicated (in thousands):
Level 1Level 2Level 3
Investments Measured at NAV (1)
Total
As of September 30, 2020:
Investments in trading securities$61,993 $$$$61,993 
Private investment fund87 87 
Private equity3,241 3,241 
Total assets measured at fair value$61,993 $$3,241 $87 $65,321 
As of December 31, 2019:
Investments in trading securities$50,324 $$$$50,324 
Private investment fund263 263 
Private equity3,975 3,975 
Total assets measured at fair value$50,324 $$3,975 $263 $54,562 
(1) Comprised of certain investments measured at fair value using net asset value ("NAV") as a practical expedient. The fair value amounts presented in this table are intended to permit reconciliation of the fair value hierarchy to the amounts presented on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
Our investment in Charis is included within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy as we value that investment utilizing inputs not observable in the market. Our investment is measured at fair value on a recurring basis using a market approach based on a price to tangible book value multiple range that is determined to be reasonable in the current environment, or market transactions. Management believes this valuation methodology is consistent with the banking industry and we will reevaluate our methodology and inputs on a quarterly basis.
The following table summarizes the changes in Level 3 investments measured at fair value on a recurring basis for the periods presented (in thousands):
Fair Value using Significant Unobservable Inputs (Level 3)
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2020201920202019
Beginning balance$3,314 $$3,975 $
Purchases2,770 2,770 
Unrealized losses on private investments(73)(734)
Ending balance$3,241 $2,770 $3,241 $2,770 

The September 30, 2020 private investment fair value of $3.2 million was valued using a market approach based on a price to tangible book value multiple, with unobservable book value multiples ranging from $0.98 to $1.26 per share, with a weighted average of $1.18 per share. Significant increases (decreases) in book value multiples in isolation would have resulted in a significantly higher (lower) fair value measurement.
7. LONG-TERM INCENTIVE COMPENSATION
Restricted Stock Awards
12

WESTWOOD HOLDINGS GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(Unaudited)
We have issued restricted shares to our employees and non-employee directors. The Seventh Amended and Restated Westwood Holdings Group, Inc. Stock Incentive Plan (the “Plan”) reserves shares of Westwood common stock for issuance to eligible employees, directors and consultants of Westwood or its subsidiaries in the form of restricted stock and stock options. In April 2020, stockholders approved an additional 350,000 shares to be authorized under the Plan, increasing the total number of shares issuable under the Plan (including predecessor plans to the Plan) to 5,398,100 shares. In the event of a change in control of Westwood, the Plan contains provisions providing for the acceleration of the vesting of restricted stock. At September 30, 2020, approximately 642,000 shares remain available for issuance under the Plan.
The following table presents the total stock-based compensation expense recorded for stock-based compensation arrangements for the periods indicated (in thousands):
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2020201920202019
Service condition stock-based compensation expense$1,511 $1,578 $5,343 $5,526 
Performance condition stock-based compensation expense287 491 993 1,909 
Stock-based compensation expense under the Plan1,798 2,069 6,336 7,435 
Canadian Plan stock-based compensation expense(1,310)180 (927)497 
Total stock-based compensation expense$488 $2,249 $5,409 $7,932 

Restricted Stock
Under the Plan, we have granted to employees and non-employee directors restricted stock subject to service conditions and to certain key employees restricted stock subject to both service and performance conditions.
As of September 30, 2020, there was approximately $13.2 million of unrecognized compensation cost for restricted stock grants under the Plan, which we expect to recognize over a weighted-average period of 2.5 years. Our two types of restricted stock grants under the Plan are discussed below.
Restricted Stock Subject Only to a Service Condition
We calculate compensation cost for restricted stock grants by using the fair market value of our common stock at the date of grant, the number of shares issued and an adjustment for restrictions on dividends. This compensation cost is amortized on a straight-line basis over the applicable vesting period, with adjustments for forfeitures recorded as they occur.
The following table details the status and changes in our restricted stock grants subject only to a service condition for the nine months ended September 30, 2020:
SharesWeighted Average
Grant Date Fair Value
Non-vested, January 1, 2020396,598 $48.31 
Granted262,373 $27.39 
Vested(140,974)$53.06 
Forfeited(26,372)$39.72 
Non-vested, September 30, 2020491,625 $36.25 

Restricted Stock Subject to Service and Performance Conditions
Under the Plan, certain key employees were provided agreements for grants of restricted shares that vest over multiple year periods subject to achieving annual performance goals established by the Compensation Committee of Westwood’s Board of Directors. Each year the Compensation Committee establishes specific goals for that year’s vesting of the restricted shares. The date that the Compensation Committee establishes annual goals is considered to be the grant date and the fair value measurement date to determine expense on the shares that are likely to vest. The vesting period ends when the Compensation Committee formally approves the performance-based restricted stock vesting based on the specific performance goals from the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements. If a portion of the performance-based restricted shares does not vest, no compensation expense is recognized for that portion and any previously recognized compensation expense related to shares that do not vest is reversed.
13

WESTWOOD HOLDINGS GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(Unaudited)
The following table details the status and changes in our restricted stock grants subject to service and performance conditions for the nine months ended September 30, 2020:
SharesWeighted Average
Grant Date Fair Value
Non-vested, January 1, 202080,975 $49.73 
Vested(35,275)$55.11 
Non-vested, September 30, 202045,700 $45.58 

Canadian Plan
The Share Award Plan of Westwood Holdings Group, Inc. for Service Provided in Canada to its Subsidiaries (the “Canadian Plan”) provided compensation in the form of common stock for services performed by employees of Westwood International Advisors. On July 27, 2020, Westwood’s Board of Directors approved the closure of Westwood International Advisors, effective September 30, 2020. 
During the first quarter of 2020, the trust formed pursuant to the Canadian Plan purchased 27,474 Westwood common shares in the open market for approximately $0.7 million. The subsequent closure of the Westwood International Advisors office resulted in forfeitures of 56,625 shares, which reduced the Company's expenses by $1.3 million in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020. As of September 30, 2020, there is no unrecognized compensation cost related to restricted stock grants under the Canadian Plan.
Mutual Fund Share Incentive Awards
We may grant mutual fund incentive awards, which are bonus awards based on our mutual funds achieving specific performance goals, annually to certain employees. Awards granted are notionally credited to a participant account maintained by us that contains a number of mutual fund shares equal to the award amount divided by the net asset value of a fund share on the date the amount is credited to the account. We maintain the award in a corporate investment account until vesting. The investment may increase or decrease based on changes in the value of the mutual fund shares awarded, including reinvested income from the mutual funds during the vesting period. Unvested mutual fund awards are included under “Investments, at fair value” on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
Awards vest over approximately two years of service following the year in which the participant earned the award. We begin accruing a liability for mutual fund incentive awards when we believe it is probable that the award will be earned and record expense for these awards over the service period of the award, which is three years. During the year in which the amount of the award is determined, we record expense based on the expected value of the award. After the award is earned, we record expense based on the value of the shares awarded and the percentage of the vesting period that has elapsed. Our liability under these awards may increase or decrease based on changes in the value of the mutual fund shares awarded, including reinvested income from the mutual funds during the vesting period. Upon vesting, participants receive the value of the mutual fund share awards adjusted for earnings or losses attributable to the underlying mutual funds. For the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, we recorded expense of approximately $9,000 and $12,000, respectively, related to mutual fund share incentive awards. For the nine months ended September 30, 2020 we recorded expense of $27,000, and for the nine months ended September 30, 2019, a net $100,000 credit to mutual fund expense, primarily related to the forfeiture of a mutual fund award during the first quarter of 2019. As of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, we had an accrued liability of approximately $50,000 and $79,000, respectively, related to mutual fund share incentive awards.
8. INCOME TAXES
Our effective income tax rate differed from the 21% statutory rate for the third quarter of 2020 primarily due to the 5% incremental Canadian withholding tax (net of U.S. tax federal deduction) on repatriated funds due to the closure of our Westwood International Advisors office and the impact of certain deferred tax assets that offset the discrete benefit adjustment related to the remeasurement of certain deferred taxes following the enactment of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act ("CARES Act") recorded in the first quarter of 2020. Our effective income tax rate was (16.0)% for the first nine months of 2020, compared with 41.0% for the first nine months of 2019. The 2019 year-to-date rate was negatively impacted by a $0.6 million discrete tax expense related to a permanent difference between book and tax restricted stock expense based on a decrease in our stock price between the grant and vesting dates.
Tax Audit
14

WESTWOOD HOLDINGS GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(Unaudited)
Westwood Holdings Group has an audit underway in reaction to a refund claim submitted to the state of Texas for the reporting years 2014 to 2019. We do not expect the results of the audit to have a material impact on our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
9. EARNINGS (LOSS) PER SHARE
Basic earnings (loss) per common share is computed by dividing net income (loss) available to common stockholders by the weighted average number of shares outstanding for the applicable period. Diluted earnings (loss) per share is computed based on the weighted average number of shares outstanding plus the effect of any dilutive shares of restricted stock granted to employees and non-employee directors. There were approximately 623,000 and 81,000 anti-dilutive restricted shares outstanding for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019, respectively. There were approximately 360,000 and 87,000 anti-dilutive restricted shares outstanding for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019, respectively.
The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted earnings (loss) per share (in thousands, except per share and share amounts):
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2020201920202019
Net income (loss)$(10,289)$1,117 $(11,762)$3,370 
Weighted average shares outstanding - basic7,829,478 8,432,598 8,040,417 8,414,317 
Dilutive potential shares from unvested restricted shares38,075 53,506 
Weighted average shares outstanding - diluted7,829,478 8,470,673 8,040,417 8,467,823 
Earnings (loss) per share:
Basic$(1.31)$0.13 $(1.46)$0.40 
Diluted$(1.31)$0.13 $(1.46)$0.40 

10. GOODWILL AND OTHER INTANGIBLE ASSETS
Goodwill
Goodwill represents the excess of the cost of acquired assets over the fair value of the underlying identifiable assets at the date of acquisition. Goodwill is not amortized but is tested for impairment at least annually. We completed our most recent annual goodwill impairment assessment during the third quarter of 2020.
Following a sustained decline in the Company's market capitalization, we determined that goodwill related to our Advisory segment was impaired, and we recorded impairment charges of $3.4 million during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 to "Impairment expense" on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss).
We determined the fair value of each of our reporting units using a weighted average approach of the market and income approaches. As part of this current assessment, we determined that an increase in the discount rate (from the prior assessment) applied in the valuation was required to align with market-based assumptions. The higher discount rate, in conjunction with revised long-term projections resulted in a lower fair value of the Advisory segment.
There was no goodwill impairment in the Trust segment, nor were there goodwill impairments recorded during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019.
Other Intangible Assets
Our intangible assets represent the acquisition date fair value of acquired client relationships, trade names, non-compete agreements and internally developed software and are reflected net of amortization. In valuing these assets, we made significant estimates regarding their useful lives, growth rates and potential attrition. We periodically review intangible assets
15

WESTWOOD HOLDINGS GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(Unaudited)
for events or circumstances that would indicate impairment. NaN intangible asset impairments were recorded during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 or 2019.
11. LEASES
As of September 30, 2020, aside from the Toronto office lease impairment discussed in Note 1 "Description of the Business," there have been no material changes outside the ordinary course of business to our leases since December 31, 2019. For information regarding our leases, refer to Note 15 “Leases” in Part IV, Item 15. “Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019.

12. STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
Share Repurchase Program
In February 2020, our Board of Directors authorized management to repurchase up to an additional $10.0 million of our outstanding common stock on the open market or in privately negotiated transactions. In April 2020, our Board of Directors authorized management to repurchase up to an additional $10.0 million of share repurchases under our share repurchase program, which is still outstanding as of September 30, 2020.
The Company did not repurchase any shares of our common stock during the three months ended September 30, 2020. During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company repurchased 679,756 shares of our common stock at an average price of $19.05 per share, including commissions, for an aggregate purchase price of $13.0 million under our share repurchase plan.
Currency Translation and Re-measurement
Assets and liabilities of Westwood International Advisors, our only non-U.S. dollar functional currency subsidiary, are translated at exchange rates as of applicable reporting dates. The gains and losses resulting from translating non-U.S. dollar functional currency into U.S. dollars are recorded through other comprehensive income.
Following the closure and substantially complete liquidation of Westwood International Advisors, we reclassified foreign currency translation adjustments of $4.2 million from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) to net income (loss) in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020.

13. VARIABLE INTEREST ENTITIES
We evaluated (i) our relationship as sponsor of the Common Trust Funds (“CTFs”) and managing member of the private equity funds Westwood Hospitality Fund I, LLC and Westwood Technology Opportunities Fund I, LP (collectively, the “Private Funds”), (ii) our advisory relationships with the Westwood Funds® and (iii) our investments in InvestCloud and Charis discussed in Note 5 “Investments” (“Private Equity”) to determine whether each of these entities is a variable interest entity (“VIE”) or voting ownership entity (“VOE”).
Based on our analyses, we determined that the CTFs and Private Funds were VIEs, as the at-risk equity holders do not have the ability to direct the activities that most significantly impact the entities' economic performance, and the Company and its representatives have a majority control of the entities' respective boards of directors and can influence the respective entities' management and affairs.
Based on our analyses, we determined the Westwood Funds®, and Private Equity (i) have sufficient equity at risk to finance the entities' activities independently, (ii) have the obligation to absorb losses, the right to receive residual returns and the right to direct the activities of the entities that most significantly impact the entities' economic performance and (iii) are not structured with disproportionate voting rights.
Based on our analyses of our investments in these entities for the periods ended September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, we have not consolidated the CTFs or Private Funds under the VIE method or the Westwood Funds® or Private Equity under the VOE method.
We had no seed investments in the Westwood Funds as of September 30, 2020, and we had $6.4 million as of December 31, 2019. The seed investments were provided for the sole purpose of showing the economic substance needed to establish the funds and are included in “Investments, at fair value” on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
16

WESTWOOD HOLDINGS GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
(Unaudited)
We have not otherwise provided any financial support that we were not previously contractually obligated to provide, and there are no arrangements that would require us to provide additional financial support to any of these entities. Our seed investments in the above-mentioned Westwood Funds® are accounted for as investments consistent with our other investments described in Note 5 “Investments.” We recognized fee revenue from the Westwood VIEs and Westwood VOEs as follows (in millions):
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 30, 2020September 30, 2019September 30, 2020September 30, 2019
Fee Revenues$4.2 $7.2 $14.4 $24.3 

The following table displays the AUM and the risk of loss in each vehicle (in millions):
As of September 30, 2020
Assets
Under
Management
Corporate
Investment
Amount at Risk
VIEs/VOEs:
Westwood Funds®$1,824 $$
Common Trust Funds1,107 
Private Funds0.1 0.1 
Private Equity11.4 11.4 
All other assets:
Wealth Management2,977 
Institutional6,045 
Total Assets Under Management$11,962 

14. RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS
Some of our directors, executive officers and their affiliates invest personal funds directly in trust accounts that we manage. For both the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, we recorded trust fees from these accounts of $0.1 million. For both the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, we recorded trust fees from these accounts of $0.3 million. There was $0.1 million due from these accounts as of both September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.
The Company engages in transactions with its affiliates in the ordinary course of business. Westwood International Advisors (prior to its closure, effective September 30, 2020) and Westwood Management provide investment advisory services to the UCITS Fund and the Westwood Funds®. Certain members of our management served on the board of directors of the UCITS Fund (liquidated as of June 2020). Under the terms of the investment advisory agreements, the Company earns quarterly fees paid by clients of the fund or by the funds directly. The fees are based on negotiated fee schedules applied to AUM. The Company earned no fees from the affiliated funds for the three months ended September 30, 2020, and earned $0.7 million for the three months ended September 30, 2019. For the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, the Company earned approximately $0.6 million and $2.3 million, respectively, in fees from the affiliated funds. As of September 30, 2020, all of these fees had been collected. As of December 31, 2019, $0.2 million, of these fees were outstanding and included in “Accounts receivable” on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
17


ITEM 2.    MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Forward-Looking Statements
Statements in this report and the Annual Report to Stockholders that are not purely historical facts, including, without limitation, statements about our expected future financial position, results of operations or cash flows, as well as other statements including, without limitation, words such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “plan,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “should,” “could,” “goal,” “potentially,” “may,” “designed” and other similar expressions, constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. Actual results and the timing of some events could differ materially from those projected in or contemplated by the forward-looking statements due to a number of factors, including, without limitation, the risks described under “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, filed with the SEC, and those risks set forth below:
• the composition and market value of our AUM;
• our ability to maintain our fee structure in light of competitive fee pressures;
• the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic;
• the significant concentration of our revenues in a small number of customers;
• our ability to avoid termination of client agreements and the related investment redemptions;
• regulations adversely affecting the financial services industry;
• competition in the investment management industry;
• our ability to develop and market new investment strategies successfully;
• our AUM include investments in foreign companies;
• our reputation and our relationships with current and potential customers;
• our ability to attract and retain qualified personnel;
• our ability to maintain effective cyber security;
• our ability to perform operational tasks;
• our ability to identify and execute on our strategic initiatives;
• our ability to maintain effective information systems;
• our ability to select and oversee third-party vendors;
• litigation risks;
• our ability to declare and pay dividends;
• our ability to fund future capital requirements on favorable terms;
• our ability to properly address conflicts of interest;
• our ability to maintain adequate insurance coverage;
• our ability to maintain an effective system of internal controls;
• our stock is thinly traded and may be subject to volatility;
• our organizational documents contain provisions that may prevent or deter another group from paying a premium over the market price to our stockholders to acquire our stock;
• we are a holding company dependent on the operations and funds of our subsidiaries; and
• our relationships with investment consulting firms.
You should not unduly rely on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this report. We are not obligated and do not undertake an obligation to publicly release any revisions to these forward-looking statements to
18


reflect events or circumstances occurring after the date of this report or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events or otherwise.
Overview
We manage investment assets and provide services for our clients through our subsidiaries, Westwood Management Corp. and Westwood Advisors, L.L.C. (each of which is an SEC-registered investment advisor and referred to hereinafter together as “Westwood Management”), Westwood International Advisors Inc. (“Westwood International Advisors”) and Westwood Trust. Westwood Management provides investment advisory services to institutional investors, a family of mutual funds called the Westwood Funds®, other mutual funds, individuals and clients of Westwood Trust.
On July 27, 2020, Westwood’s Board of Directors approved the closure of Westwood International Advisors and Westwood’s office in Toronto, Canada. As a result of this closure, we incurred $0.5 million of severance expense, $0.3 million of lease impairment expense and $0.1 million of vendor contract related costs, offset by $1.3 million of restricted stock forfeitures. The severance expense and restricted stock forfeitures were recognized within "Employee compensation and benefits," the lease impairment expense was recognized in "General and administrative," and the vendor contract costs were recognized within "Information technology" on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss).
Additionally, we repatriated previously undistributed income to the United States from Canada and incurred $1.1 million of withholding taxes (net of U.S. federal tax deduction). The withholding taxes were recognized in "Income tax expense" on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss).
Westwood Trust provides trust and custodial services and participation in common trust funds to institutions and high net worth individuals. Our revenues are generally derived from fees based on a percentage of AUM. Westwood International Advisors provided investment advisory services to an Irish investment company authorized pursuant to the European Communities (Undertakings for Collective Investment in Transferable Securities) Regulation 2011 (as amended) (the “UCITS Fund”), which was liquidated in June 2020.
We continue to closely monitor the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on all aspects of our business, particularly the impact on global stock markets. In 2020 we have taken a number of precautionary measures designed to help minimize the risk of the spread of the virus to our employees, including suspending all non-essential travel for our employees and encouraging our employees to work remotely. The investments we have made in technology over the past several years, particularly our significant investments in cloud-based systems and business continuity planning, have allowed our entire team to serve our clients seamlessly from their homes.
Revenues
We derive our revenues from investment advisory fees, trust fees and other revenues. Our advisory fees are generated by Westwood Management and Westwood International Advisors (prior to its closure, effective September 30, 2020), which manage client accounts under investment advisory and subadvisory agreements. Advisory fees are typically calculated based on a percentage of AUM and are paid in accordance with the terms of the agreements. Advisory fees are paid quarterly in advance based on AUM on the last day of the preceding quarter, quarterly in arrears based on AUM on the last day of the quarter just ended or are based on a daily or monthly analysis of AUM for the stated period. We recognize advisory fee revenues as services are rendered. Certain of our clients have a contractual performance-based fee component in their contracts, which generates additional revenues if we outperform a specified index over a specific period of time. We record revenue for performance-based fees at the end of the measurement period. Since our advance paying clients’ billing periods coincide with the calendar quarter to which such payments relate, revenue is recognized within the quarter, and our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements contain no deferred advisory fee revenues.
Our trust fees are generated by Westwood Trust pursuant to trust or custodial agreements. Trust fees are separately negotiated with each client and are generally based on a percentage of AUM. Westwood Trust also provides trust services to a small number of clients on a fixed fee basis. Trust fees are primarily calculated quarterly in arrears based on a daily average of AUM for the quarter. Since billing periods for most of Westwood Trust's clients coincide with the calendar quarter, revenue is fully recognized within the quarter, and our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements contain no deferred advisory fee revenues.
Our other revenues primarily consist of investment income from our seed money investments into new investment strategies.
Employee Compensation and Benefits
19


Employee compensation and benefits expenses generally consist of salaries, incentive compensation, equity-based compensation and benefits.
Sales and Marketing
Sales and marketing expenses relate to our marketing efforts, including travel and entertainment, direct marketing and advertising costs.
Westwood Mutual Funds
Westwood Mutual Funds expenses relate to our marketing, distribution and administration of the Westwood Funds®.
Information Technology
Information technology expenses are generally costs associated with proprietary investment research tools, maintenance and support, computing hardware, software licenses, telecommunications and other related costs.
Professional Services
Professional services expenses generally consist of costs associated with subadvisory fees, audit, tax, legal and other professional services.
General and Administrative
General and administrative expenses generally consist of costs associated with the lease of office space, amortization, depreciation, insurance, custody expense, Board of Directors fees, investor relations, licenses and fees, office supplies and other miscellaneous expenses.
Impairment expense
Impairment expense consists of long-lived asset impairments, generally goodwill or intangible assets.
Gain (Loss) on Foreign Currency Transactions
Gain (loss) on foreign currency transactions consists of foreign currency transactions primarily related to Westwood International Advisors.
Unrealized Gains (Losses) on Private Investments
Unrealized gains (losses) in private investments includes changes in the value of our private equity investments.
Investment Income
Investment income primarily includes interest and dividend income on fixed income securities and money market funds.
Other Income
Other income consists of income from the sublease of a portion of our corporate headquarters office.
Foreign currency translation adjustments to net income (loss) upon liquidation of a foreign subsidiary
Foreign currency translation adjustments to net income (loss) upon liquidation of a foreign subsidiary includes a cumulative adjustment following the substantially completed liquidation of a foreign subsidiary, Westwood International Advisors.
Assets Under Management
AUM decreased $3.0 billion to $12.0 billion at September 30, 2020 compared with $15.0 billion at September 30, 2019. The average of beginning and ending AUM for the third quarter of 2020 was $11.9 billion compared to $15.2 billion for the third quarter of 2019. These decreases are due to net outflows primarily in our Emerging Markets (closed in the third quarter of 2020), LargeCap Value, and Income Opportunity strategies and market depreciation in the first quarter of 2020.
The following table displays AUM as of September 30, 2020 and 2019 (in millions):
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As of September 30,
20202019Change
Institutional(1)
$6,044 $8,347 (28)%
Wealth Management(2)
4,094 4,301 (5)
Mutual Funds(3)
1,824 2,338 (22)
Total AUM(4)
$11,962 $14,986 (20)%

(1)Institutional includes (i) separate accounts of corporate pension and profit sharing plans, public employee retirement funds, Taft-Hartley plans, endowments, foundations and individuals; (ii) subadvisory relationships where Westwood provides investment management services for funds offered by other financial institutions; (iii) pooled investment vehicles, including the UCITS Fund and collective investment trusts; and (iv) managed account relationships with brokerage firms and other registered investment advisors that offer Westwood products to their customers. The UCITS Fund was liquidated in June 2020.
(2)Wealth Management includes assets for which Westwood Trust provides trust and custodial services and participation in common trust funds that it sponsors to institutions and high net worth individuals pursuant to trust or agency agreements and assets for which Westwood Advisors, L.L.C. provides advisory services to high net worth individuals. Investment subadvisory services are provided for the common trust funds by Westwood Management, Westwood International Advisors (prior to its closure, effective September 30, 2020) and external unaffiliated subadvisors. For certain assets in this category Westwood Trust currently provides limited custody services for a minimal or no fee, viewing these assets as potentially converting to fee-generating managed assets in the future.
(3)Mutual Funds include the Westwood Funds®, a family of mutual funds for which Westwood Management serves as advisor. These funds are available to individual investors, as well as offered as part of our investment strategies for institutional and wealth management accounts.
(4)AUM excludes $240 million and $266 million of assets under advisement (“AUA”) as of September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, related to our model portfolios for which we provided consulting advice but for which we did not have direct discretionary investment authority.



Roll-Forward of Assets Under Management
 
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Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
(in millions)2020201920202019
Institutional
Beginning of period assets$6,183 $8,377 $8,739 $9,327 
Inflows117 158 592 535 
Outflows(655)(286)(2,554)(2,790)
Net client flows(538)(128)(1,962)(2,255)
Market appreciation (depreciation)399 98 (733)1,275 
Net change(139)(30)(2,695)(980)
End of period assets$6,044 $8,347 $6,044 $8,347 
Wealth Management
Beginning of period assets$3,985 $4,399 $4,438 $4,043 
Inflows99 87 228 326 
Outflows(187)(237)(535)(576)
Net client flows(88)(150)(307)(250)
Market appreciation (depreciation)197 52 (37)508 
Net change109 (98)(344)258 
End of period assets$4,094 $4,301 $4,094 $4,301 
Mutual Funds
Beginning of period assets$1,740 $2,612 $2,058 $3,236 
Inflows208 98 650 351 
Outflows(192)(411)(754)(1,687)
Net client flows16 (313)(104)(1,336)
Market appreciation (depreciation)68 39 (130)438 
Net change84 (274)(234)(898)
End of period assets$1,824 $2,338 $1,824 $2,338 
Total AUM
Beginning of period assets$11,908 $15,388 $15,235 $16,606 
Inflows424 343 1,470 1,212 
Outflows(1,034)(934)(3,843)(5,053)
Net client flows(610)(591)(2,373)(3,841)
Market appreciation (depreciation)664 189 (900)2,221 
Net change54 (402)(3,273)(1,620)
End of period assets$11,962 $14,986 $11,962 $14,986 

Three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019
The $0.1 billion increase in AUM for the three months ended September 30, 2020 was due to market appreciation of $0.7 billion offset by net outflows of $0.6 billion. Net outflows were primarily related to our Emerging Markets strategy.
The $0.4 billion decrease in AUM for the three months ended September 30, 2019 was due to net outflows of $0.6 billion partially offset by market appreciation of $0.2 billion. Net outflows were primarily related to our Income Opportunity, LargeCap Value, and SMidCap strategies.
Nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019
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The $3.3 billion decrease in AUM for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 was due to net outflows of $2.4 billion and market depreciation of $0.9 billion. Net outflows were primarily related to our Emerging Markets and LargeCap Value strategies.
The $1.6 billion decrease in AUM for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 was due to net outflows of $3.8 billion partially offset by market appreciation of $2.2 billion. Net outflows were primarily related to our Income Opportunity, Emerging Markets, LargeCap Value and SMidCap strategies, partially offset by net inflows to our SmallCap Value strategy.
Results of Operations
The following table (dollars in thousands) and discussion of our results of operations are based upon data derived from the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss) contained in our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and should be read in conjunction with those statements included elsewhere in this report.
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 30,September 30,
20202019Change20202019Change
Revenues:
Advisory fees: asset-based$8,847 $13,164 (33)%$29,277 $44,265 (34)%
Advisory fees: performance-based713 154 363 1,408 454 210 
Trust fees: asset-based5,787 6,281 (8)17,395 19,264 (10)
Trust fees: performance-based37 — NM77 — NM
Other, net70 293 (76)(159)1,480 (111)
Total revenues15,454 19,892 (22)47,998 65,463 (27)
Expenses:
Employee compensation and benefits9,515 12,072 (21)32,970 38,060 (13)
Sales and marketing215 506 (58)946 1,550 (39)
Westwood mutual funds421 916 (54)1,370 2,423 (43)
Information technology2,158 2,017 6,219 6,276 (1)
Professional services1,033 940 10 3,217 3,258 (1)
General and administrative2,333 2,317 6,830 7,153 (5)
Impairment expense3,403 — NM3,403 — NM
(Gain) loss on foreign currency transactions419 (402)(204)(1,196)1,142 (205)
Total expenses19,497 18,366 53,759 59,862 (10)
Net operating income (loss)(4,043)1,526 (5,761)5,601 
Unrealized losses on private investments(73)— NM(909)— NM
Investment income(43)— NM625 — NM
Other income34 33 102 110 (7)
Foreign currency translation adjustments to net income (loss) upon liquidation of a foreign subsidiary(4,193)— NM(4,193)— NM
Income (loss) before income taxes(8,318)1,559 (10,136)5,711 
Income tax expense1,971 442 346 1,626 2,341 (31)
Net income (loss)$(10,289)$1,117 (1,021)%$(11,762)$3,370 (449)%
_________________________
NM    Not meaningful
Three months ended September 30, 2020 compared to three months ended September 30, 2019
Total Revenues. Total revenues decreased $4.4 million, or 22%, to $15.5 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020 compared with $19.9 million for the three months ended September 30, 2019. Asset-based advisory fees decreased $4.4 million, or 33%, and Trust fees decreased $0.5 million, or 8%, both primarily due to lower average AUM. Performance-based advisory fees increased $0.5 million, or 363%, primarily due to higher realization of performance fees in the three months ended September 30, 2020.
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Employee Compensation and Benefits. Employee compensation and benefits decreased $2.6 million, or 21%, to $9.5 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020 compared with $12.1 million for the three months ended September 30, 2019. The decrease was primarily due to reductions in compensation relating to short- and long-term incentive compensation as a result of lower asset-based revenues from the prior year, stock forfeitures related to the closure of Westwood International Advisors, and lower headcount, partially offset by severance costs following the closure of Westwood International Advisors.
Sales and marketing. Sales and marketing expenses decreased $0.3 million, or 58%, to $0.2 for the three months ended September 30, 2020 compared with $0.5 million for the three months ended September 30, 2019. The decrease was primarily due to lower travel costs as a result of COVID-19.
Westwood Mutual Funds. Westwood mutual funds expenses decreased $0.5 million, or 54%, to $0.4 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020 compared with $0.9 million for the three months ended September 30, 2019. The decrease was primarily due to lower service fees following declines in market values for the Westwood funds.
Impairment expense. We recorded $3.4 million of impairment expense related to our Advisory segment goodwill in the three months ended September 30, 2020. No impairment expense was recorded in the three months ended September 30, 2019.
(Gain) loss on foreign currency transactions. We recorded $0.4 million in foreign currency losses in the current quarter as a result of fluctuations in the Canadian dollar exchange rate.
Foreign currency translation adjustments to net income (loss) upon liquidation of a foreign subsidiary. We recorded a cumulative foreign currency translation adjustment of $4.2 million following the substantially completed liquidation of Westwood International Advisors in the three months ended September 30, 2020.
Income Tax Expense (Benefit).Our effective tax rate of (23.7)% differed from the 21% statutory rate for the third quarter of 2020 primarily due to the 5% incremental Canadian withholding tax (net of U.S. federal tax deduction) paid on repatriated funds due to the closure of Westwood International Advisors, effective September 30, 2020, and the impact of certain deferred tax assets that offset the discrete benefit adjustment related to the remeasurement of certain deferred taxes following the enactment of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act ("CARES Act") recorded in the first quarter of 2020. The effective tax rate was 28.4% for the three months ended September 30, 2019. The 2019 quarterly tax rate was negatively impacted by increased permanent differences between book and tax compensation expense as a result of additional compensation limitations under the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act.
Nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared to nine months ended September 30, 2019
Total Revenues. Total revenues decreased $17.5 million, or 27%, to $48.0 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared with $65.5 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2019. Asset-based advisory fees decreased $15.0 million, or 34%, and Trust fees decreased $1.9 million, or 10%, both primarily due to lower average AUM. Performance-based advisory fees increased $0.9 million, or 210%, primarily due to higher realization of performance fees in the nine months ended September 30, 2020.
Employee Compensation and Benefits. Employee compensation and benefits costs decreased $5.1 million, or 13%, to $33.0 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared with $38.1 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2019. The decrease was primarily due to reductions in compensation relating to short- and long-term incentive compensation as a result of lower asset-based revenues as compared to the prior year and lower headcount.
Sales and marketing. Sales and marketing expenses decreased $0.7 million, or 39.0%, to $0.9 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared with $1.6 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2019. The decrease was primarily due to lower travel costs as a result of COVID-19.
Westwood Mutual Funds. Westwood mutual funds expenses decreased $1.0 million or 43% to $1.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared to $2.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2019. The decrease was primarily due to lower service fees following declines in market values for the Westwood funds.
Impairment expense. We recorded $3.4 million of impairment expense related to our Advisory segment goodwill in the nine months ended September 30, 2020. No impairment expense was recorded in the nine months ended September 30, 2019.
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(Gain) loss on foreign currency transactions. We recorded $1.2 million in foreign currency gains for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 as a result of fluctuations in the Canadian dollar exchange rate.
Unrealized losses on private investments. We recorded a net unrealized loss of $0.9 million, primarily related to our investment in Charis, a private bank, as a result of the global macroeconomic effects of COVID-19.
Foreign currency translation adjustments to net income (loss) upon liquidation of a foreign subsidiary. We recorded a cumulative foreign currency translation adjustment of $4.2 million following the substantially completed liquidation of Westwood International Advisors in the nine months ended September 30, 2020.
Provision for Income Taxes. The effective tax rate was (16.0)% for the nine months ended September 30, 2020, compared to 41.0% for the nine months ended September 30, 2019. Our income tax rate differed from the 21% statutory rate for 2020 primarily due to the 5% incremental Canadian withholding tax (net of federal deduction) paid on repatriated funds due to the closure of Westwood International Advisors office, effective September 30, 2020, and permanent differences between book and tax restricted stock expense based on a decrease in our stock price between the grant and vesting dates. The 2019 year-to-date rate was negatively impacted by a $0.6 million discrete tax expense related to a permanent difference between book and tax restricted stock expense based on a decrease in our stock price between the grant and vesting dates.
Supplemental Financial Information
As supplemental information, we are providing non-GAAP performance measures that we refer to as Economic Earnings (Loss) and Economic EPS. We provide these measures in addition to, not as a substitute for, net income (loss) and earnings (loss) per share, which are reported on a GAAP basis. Our management and Board of Directors review Economic Earnings (Loss) and Economic EPS to evaluate our ongoing performance, allocate resources, and review our dividend policy. We believe that these non-GAAP performance measures, while not substitutes for GAAP net income (loss) or earnings (loss) per share, are useful for management and investors when evaluating our underlying operating and financial performance and our available resources. We do not advocate that investors consider these non-GAAP measures without also considering financial information prepared in accordance with GAAP.
We define Economic Earnings (Loss) as net income (loss) plus non-cash equity-based compensation expense, impairment expense, amortization of intangible assets, currency translation adjustment reclassification and deferred taxes related to goodwill. Although depreciation on fixed assets is a non-cash expense, we do not add it back when calculating Economic Earnings (Loss) because depreciation charges represent an allocation of the decline in the value of the related assets that will ultimately require replacement. In addition, we do not adjust Economic Earnings (Loss) for tax deductions related to restricted stock expense or amortization of intangible assets. Economic EPS represents Economic Earnings (Loss) divided by diluted weighted average shares outstanding.
The following tables provide a reconciliation of Net income (loss) to Economic Earnings (Loss) and Economic Earnings (Loss) by segment (in thousands, except share and per share amounts):
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Three Months Ended September 30,ChangeNine Months Ended September 30, 2020
2020201920202019Change
Net income (loss)$(10,289)$1,117 (1,021)%$(11,762)$3,370 (449)%
Add: Stock-based compensation expense488 2,249 (78)5,409 7,932 (32)
Add: Impairment expense3,403 — NM3,403 — NM
Add: Intangible amortization435 445 (2)1,293 1,281 
Add: Currency translation adjustment reclassification4,193 — NM4,193 — NM
Add: Tax benefit from goodwill amortization59 60 (2)177 178 (1)
Economic Earnings (Loss)$(1,711)$3,871 (144)%$2,713 $12,761 (79)%
Diluted weighted average shares outstanding7,829,478 8,470,673 8,040,417 8,467,823 
Economic Earnings (Loss) per share$(0.22)$0.46 $0.34 $1.51 
Economic Earnings (Loss) by Segment:
Advisory$1,244 $3,574 (65)%$6,550 $13,665 (52)%
Trust1,458 2,055 (29)3,783 4,872 (22)
Westwood Holdings(4,413)(1,758)151 (7,620)(5,776)32 
Consolidated$(1,711)$3,871 (144)%$2,713 $12,761 (79)%

Liquidity and Capital Resources
We fund our operations and cash requirements with cash generated from operating activities. We may also use cash from operations to pay dividends to our stockholders. We suspended our dividend in the second quarter of 2020 in order to preserve capital and provide additional financial flexibility amid the uncertainties created by COVID-19. As of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, we had no debt. The changes in net cash provided by operating activities generally reflect changes in earnings plus the effects of non-cash items and changes in working capital, including liquidation of investments used to cover current liabilities. Changes in working capital, especially accounts receivable and accounts payable, are generally the result of timing differences between collection of fees billed and payment of operating expenses.
During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, cash flow used in operating activities was $7.1 million, which included net purchases of $11.9 million of current investments and reduction in compensation and benefits payable of $3.8 million, partially offset by a $3.6 million change in accounts receivable and positive adjustments to net income. During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, cash flow provided by operating activities was $33.6 million, which included a $23.4 million net liquidation of investments partially offset by an $8.1 million decrease in compensation and benefits payables.
Cash flow used in investing activities during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 was related to purchases of property and equipment, while the prior year was related to purchases of property and equipment and our investments in private equity and Westwood Hospitality Fund I, LLC.
Cash flows used in financing activities of $25.8 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 reflected treasury stock repurchases, the payment of dividends and restricted stock returned for the payment of taxes. Cash flow used in financing activities of $24.6 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 reflected the payment of dividends, purchases of restricted stock returned for payment of taxes and purchases of treasury shares.
We had cash and short-term investments of $77.6 million as of September 30, 2020 and $100.1 million as of December 31, 2019. On July 27, 2020, Westwood’s Board of Directors approved the closure of Westwood International Advisors, effective September 30, 2020. Following that decision by the Board of Directors, we repatriated over $37.0 million to the United States and primarily invested the cash in short-term investments. At September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, working capital aggregated $79.0 million and $95.6 million, respectively.
Westwood Trust must maintain cash and investments in an amount equal to the minimum restricted capital of $4.0 million, as required by the Texas Finance Code. Restricted capital is included in Investments in the accompanying Condensed
26


Consolidated Balance Sheets. At September 30, 2020, Westwood Trust had approximately $11.3 million in excess of its minimum capital requirement.
Our future liquidity and capital requirements will depend upon numerous factors, including our results of operations, the timing and magnitude of capital expenditures or strategic initiatives, our dividend policy and other business and risk factors described under “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, filed with the SEC. We believe that current cash and short-term investment balances plus cash generated from operations will be sufficient to meet both the operating and capital requirements of our ordinary business operations through at least the next twelve months. However, there can be no assurance that we will not require additional financing within this time frame. The failure to raise needed capital on attractive terms, if at all, could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Contractual Obligations
As of September 30, 2020, there have been no material changes outside of the ordinary course of business to our contractual obligations since December 31, 2019. For information regarding our contractual obligations, refer to “Contractual Obligations” in Part II, Item 7. “Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019.
Critical and Significant Accounting Policies and Estimates
There have been no significant changes in our critical or significant accounting policies and estimates since December 31, 2019. Information with respect to our critical accounting policies and estimates that we believe could have the most significant effect on our reported consolidated results and require difficult, subjective or complex judgment by management is described under “Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates” in Part II, Item 7. “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019.
Accounting Developments
Refer to Note 2 “Summary of Significant Accounting Policies” in our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part I, Item 1. “Financial Statements” of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for a description of recently issued accounting guidance.
ITEM 3.    QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
There have been no significant changes in our Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk from those previously reported in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.
ITEM 4.    CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
Our disclosure controls and procedures are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the reports we file or submit under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), (1) is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms and (2) is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. An evaluation was performed under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) under the Exchange Act) as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based on this evaluation, our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer, concluded that, as of the end of the period covered by this report, our disclosure controls and procedures were effective to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the reports we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms and is accumulated and communicated to management, including our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
Changes in Internal Controls over Financial Reporting
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During the quarter ended September 30, 2020, there were no changes in our internal controls over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) under the Exchange Act) that materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting. Due to our significant investments in cloud-based systems, the impact of our workforce working remotely did not hinder the execution of our internal control processes and procedures.
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PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
 
ITEM 1.    LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
None.
ITEM 1A.    RISK FACTORS
Our business and future results may be affected by a number of risks and uncertainties that should be considered carefully. In addition, this report also contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Our actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in such forward-looking statements as a result of certain factors, including the risks described in Part I, Item 1A of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 and the risks set forth below.
The Company believes that there has been no material change in its risk factors as previously disclosed in the Form 10-K other than as set forth below.
Risks Related to the Investment Industry
The recent COVID-19 pandemic, and other potential outbreaks, could negatively impact our businesses, financial condition and results of operations.
We may face risks related to the outbreak of COVID-19, which has been declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization. The full impact of COVID-19 is unknown and rapidly evolving. The outbreak and any preventative or protective actions that governments, we or our clients may take in respect of this virus may result in a period of disruption, including with respect to our financial reporting capabilities and our operations generally, and could potentially impact our clients and third party vendors. Any resulting financial impact cannot be reasonably estimated at this time, but the COVID-19 pandemic could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, prospects, results of operations, reputation, financial condition, cash flows or ability to continue current operations without any direct or indirect impairment or disruption.
The extent to which COVID-19 impacts our results will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted, including new information which may emerge concerning the severity and spread of COVID-19 and the actions to contain the virus or treat its impact, among others.
ITEM 2.    UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS
The following table displays information with respect to the treasury shares we purchased during the three months ended September 30, 2020:
Total
number of
shares
purchased
Average
price paid
per share
Total number of shares purchased as part of publicly announced plans or programsMaximum number (or
approximate dollar value)
of shares that may yet be
purchased under the
plans or programs (1)
Repurchase program (1)
— $10,000,000 
Third quarter 2020— $— — 
Canadian Plan (2)
— — 
Employee transactions (3)

(1)On July 20, 2012, our Board of Directors authorized management to repurchase up to $10.0 million of our outstanding common stock on the open market or in privately negotiated transactions. Westwood's Board of Directors authorized an additional $5.0 million of repurchases under the share repurchase program in July 2016, an additional $10.0 million in February 2020, and an additional $10.0 million in April 2020. The share repurchase program has no expiration date and may be discontinued at any time by the Board of Directors.
(2)On April 18, 2013, our stockholders approved the Share Award Plan of Westwood Holdings Group, Inc. for Service Provided in Canada to its Subsidiaries (the “Canadian Plan”), which contemplates a trustee purchasing
29


up to $10.0 million CDN of our outstanding common stock on the open market for the purpose of making share awards to our Canadian employees. On July 27, 2020, Westwood’s Board of Directors approved the closure of Westwood International Advisors, effective September 30, 2020. The Canadian Plan going forward will not be accessed, and will be discontinued by the Board of Directors.
(3)Consists of shares of common stock tendered by an employee at the market close price on the date of vesting in order to satisfy the employee’s minimum tax withholding obligations from vested restricted shares. We anticipate having additional shares tendered in subsequent periods for the same purpose.

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ITEM 6.    EXHIBITS
31.1*
31.2*
32.1**
32.2**
101*The following financial information from Westwood Holdings Group, Inc.'s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended September 30, 2020, formatted in Inline eXtensible Business Reporting Language (iXBRL): (i) Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019; (ii) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss) for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019; (iii) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Equity; (iv) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019; and (v) Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
104*Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as iXBRL and contained in Exhibit 101)
*    Filed herewith.
**    Furnished herewith.

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SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
Dated:October 28, 2020WESTWOOD HOLDINGS GROUP, INC.
By:/s/ Brian O. Casey
Brian O. Casey
President and Chief Executive Officer
By:/s/ Murray Forbes III
Murray Forbes III
Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer

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