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XPO XPO Logistics

Filed: 4 May 21, 4:10pm

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
___________________________________________
Form 10-Q
___________________________________________
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2021
or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from____________to____________
Commission File Number: 001-32172
_______________________________________________________
xpo-20210331_g1.jpg
XPO Logistics, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
_______________________________________________________
Delaware03-0450326
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
Five American Lane
Greenwich,CT06831
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)
(855) 976-6951
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________
N/A
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common stock, par value $0.001 per shareXPONew York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No
As of April 27, 2021, there were 111,710,560 shares of the registrant’s common stock, par value $0.001 per share, outstanding.



XPO Logistics, Inc.
Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q
For the Quarterly Period Ended March 31, 2021
Table of Contents
 


Part I—Financial Information
Item 1. Financial Statements.
XPO Logistics, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Unaudited)
March 31,December 31,
(In millions, except per share data)20212020
ASSETS
Current assets
Cash and cash equivalents$629 $2,054 
Accounts receivable, net of allowances of $60 and $65, respectively3,137 2,886 
Other current assets505 430 
Total current assets4,271 5,370 
Long-term assets
Property and equipment, net of $2,653 and $2,568 in accumulated depreciation, respectively2,651 2,661 
Operating lease assets2,602 2,278 
Goodwill4,554 4,599 
Identifiable intangible assets, net of $944 and $909 in accumulated amortization, respectively955 974 
Other long-term assets336 287 
Total long-term assets11,098 10,799 
Total assets$15,369 $16,169 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current liabilities
Accounts payable$1,329 $1,255 
Accrued expenses1,966 1,814 
Short-term borrowings and current maturities of long-term debt88 1,338 
Short-term operating lease liabilities533 483 
Other current liabilities260 263 
Total current liabilities4,176 5,153 
Long-term liabilities
Long-term debt5,162 5,369 
Deferred tax liability378 371 
Employee benefit obligations178 192 
Long-term operating lease liabilities2,086 1,795 
Other long-term liabilities475 440 
Total long-term liabilities8,279 8,167 
Stockholders’ equity
Convertible perpetual preferred stock, $0.001 par value; 10 shares authorized; 0 and 0.001 of Series A shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively
Common stock, $0.001 par value; 300 shares authorized; 112 and 102 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively
Additional paid-in capital1,988 1,998 
Retained earnings983 868 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(195)(158)
Total stockholders’ equity before noncontrolling interests2,776 2,709 
Noncontrolling interests138 140 
Total equity2,914 2,849 
Total liabilities and equity$15,369 $16,169 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

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XPO Logistics, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In millions, except per share data)20212020
Revenue$4,774 $3,864 
Cost of transportation and services2,328 1,898 
Direct operating expense1,656 1,360 
Sales, general and administrative expense588 525 
Operating income202 81 
Other income(26)(18)
Foreign currency gain(2)(8)
Debt extinguishment loss
Interest expense69 72 
Income before income tax provision153 35 
Income tax provision35 10 
Net income118 25 
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests(3)(2)
Net income attributable to XPO$115 $23 
Net income attributable to common shareholders$115 $21 
Earnings per share data
Basic earnings per share$1.08 $0.23 
Diluted earnings per share$1.02 $0.20 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding
Basic weighted-average common shares outstanding106 92 
Diluted weighted-average common shares outstanding112 103 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

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XPO Logistics, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss)
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In millions)20212020
Net income$118 $25 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
Foreign currency translation loss, net of tax effect of $(6) and $(11)$(42)$(65)
Defined benefit plans adjustments, net of tax effect of $0 and $2(5)
Other comprehensive loss(42)(70)
Comprehensive income (loss)$76 $(45)
Less: Comprehensive loss attributable to noncontrolling interests(2)(3)
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to XPO$78 $(42)
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

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XPO Logistics, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In millions)20212020
Operating activities
Net income$118 $25 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash from operating activities
Depreciation, amortization and net lease activity192 183 
Stock compensation expense10 18 
Accretion of debt
Deferred tax benefit(4)(2)
Debt extinguishment loss
Unrealized gain on foreign currency option and forward contracts(1)(4)
Gains on sales of property and equipment(24)(27)
Other(2)
Changes in assets and liabilities
Accounts receivable(196)44 
Other assets(21)(16)
Accounts payable12 (69)
Accrued expenses and other liabilities76 19 
Net cash provided by operating activities173 180 
Investing activities
Payment for purchases of property and equipment(140)(139)
Proceeds from sale of property and equipment36 54 
Other
Net cash used in investing activities(95)(79)
Financing activities
Proceeds from (repayment of) borrowings related to securitization program(49)182 
Repurchase of debt(1,200)
Proceeds from borrowings on ABL facility620 
Repayment of borrowings on ABL facility(200)(20)
Repayment of debt and finance leases(29)(25)
Payment for debt issuance costs(5)
Repurchase of common stock(114)
Change in bank overdrafts42 
Payment for tax withholdings for restricted shares(21)(16)
Other(1)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities(1,501)668 
Effect of exchange rates on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash(2)(19)
Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash(1,425)750 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period2,065 387 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period$640 $1,137 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information
Leased assets obtained in exchange for new operating lease liabilities, including $306 million related an acquisition$513 $156 
Leased assets obtained in exchange for new finance lease liabilities23 
Cash paid for interest76 76 
Cash paid for income taxes
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
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XPO Logistics, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity
(Unaudited)
Series A Preferred StockCommon Stock 
(Shares in thousands, dollars in millions)SharesAmountSharesAmountAdditional Paid-In CapitalRetained EarningsAccumulated Other Comprehensive LossTotal XPO Stockholders' EquityNon-controlling InterestsTotal Equity
Balance as of December 31, 20201 $1 102,052 $0 $1,998 $868 $(158)$2,709 $140 $2,849 
Net income— — — — — 115 — 115 118 
Other comprehensive loss— — — — — — (37)(37)(5)(42)
Exercise and vesting of stock compensation awards— — 270 — — — — — — — 
Tax withholdings related to vesting of stock compensation awards— — — — (21)— — (21)— (21)
Conversion of preferred stock to common stock(1)(1)139 — — — — — 
Exercise of warrants— — 9,215 — — — — — — — 
Stock compensation expense— — — — 10 — — 10 — 10 
Balance as of March 31, 20210 $0 111,676 $0 $1,988 $983 $(195)$2,776 $138 $2,914 
Series A Preferred StockCommon Stock
(Shares in thousands, dollars in millions)SharesAmountSharesAmountAdditional Paid-In CapitalRetained EarningsAccumulated Other Comprehensive LossTotal XPO Stockholders' EquityNon-controlling InterestsTotal Equity
Balance as of December 31, 201972 $41 92,342 $0 $2,061 $786 $(145)$2,743 $153 $2,896 
Net income— — — — — 23 — 23 25 
Other comprehensive loss— — — — — — (65)(65)(5)(70)
Exercise and vesting of stock compensation awards— — 417 — — — — — — — 
Tax withholdings related to vesting of stock compensation awards— — — — (16)— — (16)— (16)
Retirement of common stock— — (1,715)— (114)— — (114)— (114)
Dividend declared— — — — — (1)— (1)— (1)
Stock compensation expense— — — — 12 — — 12 — 12 
Adoption of new accounting standard and other— — — — — (4)— (4)— (4)
Balance as of March 31, 202072 $41 91,044 $0 $1,943 $804 $(210)$2,578 $150 $2,728 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
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XPO Logistics, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
1. Organization, Description of Business and Basis of Presentation
XPO Logistics, Inc., together with its subsidiaries (“XPO” or “we”), provides cutting-edge supply chain solutions to the most successful companies in the world. We use our integrated network of people, technology and physical assets to help customers manage their goods most efficiently throughout their supply chains. Our customers are multinational, national, mid-size and small enterprises. We run our business on a global basis, with 2 reportable segments: Transportation and Logistics. See Note 3—Segment Reporting for additional information on our operations.
In December 2020, we announced that our Board of Directors unanimously approved a plan to pursue a spin-off of 100% of our Logistics segment as a separate publicly traded company. The spin-off, which we intend to qualify as a transaction that is generally tax-free for U.S. federal income tax purposes to XPO shareholders, would result in XPO shareholders owning stock in both companies.
If completed, the spin-off will result in separate public companies with clearly delineated service offerings. XPO will be a global provider of primarily less-than-truckload (“LTL”) transportation and truck brokerage services, and GXO Logistics, Inc. (“GXO”), the planned spin-off, will be a global provider of contract logistics services. Both companies’ stocks are expected to trade on the New York Stock Exchange, and we plan to consider a dual listing on the London Stock Exchange for GXO in due course.
The transaction is currently expected to be completed in the second half of 2021, subject to various conditions, including the approval of XPO’s board of directors. There can be no assurance that the spin-off will occur or, if it does occur, of its terms or timing.
We prepared our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) and on the same basis as the accounting policies described in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 (the “2020 Form 10-K”). The interim reporting requirements of Form 10-Q allow certain information and note disclosures normally included in annual consolidated financial statements to be condensed or omitted. These Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with the 2020 Form 10-K.
The Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are not audited but reflect all adjustments that are of a normal recurring nature and are necessary for a fair presentation of financial condition, operating results and cash flows for the interim periods presented. Operating results for the three months ended March 31, 2021 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2021.
Restricted Cash
As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, our restricted cash included in Other long-term assets on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets was $11 million.
Trade Receivables Securitization and Factoring Programs
We sell certain of our trade accounts receivable on a non-recourse basis to third-party financial institutions under factoring agreements. We account for these transactions as sales of receivables and present cash proceeds as cash provided by operating activities in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows. We also sell trade accounts receivable under a securitization program described below. We use trade receivables securitization and factoring programs to help manage our cash flows and offset the impact of extended payment terms for some of our customers.
XPO Logistics Europe SA (“XPO Logistics Europe”), one of our majority-owned subsidiaries, participates in a trade receivables securitization program co-arranged by 3 European banks (the “Purchasers”). Under the program, a wholly-owned bankruptcy-remote special purpose entity of XPO Logistics Europe sells trade receivables that

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originate with wholly-owned subsidiaries of XPO Logistics Europe in the United Kingdom and France to unaffiliated entities managed by the Purchasers. The special purpose entity is a variable interest entity and is consolidated by XPO based on our control of the entity’s activities.
We account for transfers under our securitization and factoring arrangements as sales because we sell full title and ownership in the underlying receivables and control of the receivables is considered transferred. For these transfers, the receivables are removed from our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets at the date of transfer. In the securitization and factoring arrangements, our continuing involvement is limited to servicing the receivables. The fair value of any servicing assets and liabilities is immaterial. Our trade receivables securitization program permits us to borrow, on an unsecured basis, cash collected in a servicing capacity on previously sold receivables, which we report within short-term debt on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. We had 0 such borrowings outstanding as of March 31, 2021 and had borrowings of €41 million ($50 million) as of December 31, 2020. See Note 7—Debt for additional information on these borrowings.
The maximum amount of net cash proceeds available at any one time under the securitization program, inclusive of any unsecured borrowings, is €400 million (approximately $469 million as of March 31, 2021). As of March 31, 2021, €82 million (approximately $96 million) was available to us, subject to having sufficient receivables available to sell to the Purchasers. The weighted average interest rate was 0.58% as of March 31, 2021. Charges for commitment fees, which are based on a percentage of available amounts, and charges for administrative fees were not material to our results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020.
Information related to the trade receivables sold was as follows:
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In millions)20212020
Securitization programs
Receivables sold in period$775 $691 
Cash consideration775 691 
Factoring programs
Receivables sold in period$116 $264 
Cash consideration116 263 
Fair Value Measurements
Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The levels of inputs used to measure fair value are:
Level 1—Quoted prices for identical instruments in active markets;
Level 2—Quoted prices for similar instruments in active markets; quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active; and model-derived valuations in which all significant inputs are observable in active markets; and
Level 3—Valuations based on inputs that are unobservable, generally utilizing pricing models or other valuation techniques that reflect management’s judgment and estimates.
We base our fair value estimates on market assumptions and available information. The carrying values of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable, accrued expenses and current maturities of long-term debt approximated their fair values as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 due to their short-term nature and/or being receivable or payable on demand. The Level 1 cash equivalents include money market funds valued using quoted prices in active markets. For information on the fair value hierarchy of our derivative instruments, see Note 6—Derivative Instruments and for information on financial liabilities, see Note 7—Debt.

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The fair value hierarchy of cash equivalents was as follows:
(In millions)Carrying ValueFair ValueLevel 1
March 31, 2021$249 $249 $249 
December 31, 20201,738 1,738 1,738 
The decrease in cash equivalents from December 31, 2020 was primarily due to the redemption of our senior notes due 2022 and the repayment of borrowings under our revolving loan credit agreement (the “ABL Facility”). For further information, See Note 7—Debt for further information.
Adoption of New Accounting Standard
In December 2019, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2019-12, “Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes.” The ASU is intended to simplify the accounting for income taxes by removing certain exceptions to the general principles in Topic 740. The ASU also clarifies and amends existing guidance to enhance consistency and comparability among reporting entities. We adopted this standard on January 1, 2021 on a prospective basis. The adoption did not have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.
Accounting Pronouncement Issued but Not Yet Effective
In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-04, “Reference rate reform (Topic 848)—Facilitation of the effects of reference rate reform on financial reporting.” The ASU provides optional expedients and exceptions for applying GAAP to contracts, hedging relationships and other transactions affected by reference rate reform. The amendments apply only to contracts and hedging relationships that reference London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) or another reference rate expected to be discontinued due to reference rate reform. The amendments are elective and are effective upon issuance through December 31, 2022. We are currently evaluating the impact of the new guidance.
2. Acquisition
In January 2021, our XPO Logistics Europe subsidiary acquired the majority of Kuehne + Nagel’s contract logistics operations in the United Kingdom and Ireland, which generated annual revenues in 2020 of approximately £450 million ($585 million). The operations, which provide a range of logistics services, including inbound and outbound distribution, reverse logistics management and inventory management, are included in our Logistics segment from the acquisition date. Pro forma results of operations for this acquisition have not been presented as it is not material to the condensed consolidated results of operations.
3. Segment Reporting
We are organized into 2 reportable segments: Transportation and Logistics. We evaluate our performance in large part based on the various financial measures of our 2 reporting segments.
In our Transportation segment, we provide multiple services to facilitate the movement of raw materials, parts and finished goods. We accomplish this by using our proprietary technology, third-party independent carriers and our transportation assets and service centers. Our transportation services include LTL, truck brokerage services and other transportation services.
In our Logistics segment, which we sometimes refer to as supply chain, we provide a wide range of services differentiated by our proprietary technology and our ability to customize solutions for individual customers. Our services include value-added warehousing and distribution, e-commerce and omnichannel fulfillment, cold-chain logistics, packaging and labeling, factory support, aftermarket support, inventory management, order personalization and supply chain optimization, such as product flow management. In addition, our Logistics segment provides reverse logistics, which is also called returns management.
Some of our operating units provide services to our other operating units outside of their reportable segment. Billings for such services are based on negotiated rates and are reflected as revenues of the billing segment. We

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adjust these rates from time to time based on market conditions. We eliminate intersegment revenues and expenses in our consolidated results.
Corporate includes corporate headquarters costs for executive officers and certain legal and financial functions, and other costs and credits not attributed to our reporting segments.
Our chief operating decision maker (“CODM”) regularly reviews financial information at the operating segment level to allocate resources to the segments and to assess their performance. We include items directly attributable to a segment, and those that can be allocated on a reasonable basis, in segment results reported to the CODM. We do not provide asset information by segment to the CODM.
Selected financial data for our segments is as follows:
(In millions)TransportationLogisticsCorporateEliminations/OtherTotal
Three months ended March 31, 2021
Revenue$2,989 $1,818 $$(33)$4,774 
Operating income (loss) (1)
209 68 (75)202 
Depreciation and amortization115 74 192 
Three months ended March 31, 2020
Revenue$2,459 $1,437 $$(32)$3,864 
Operating income (loss) (2)
120 38 (77)81 
Depreciation and amortization110 69 183 
(1)Consolidated operating income for the three months ended March 31, 2021 includes $18 million of transaction and integration costs and $4 million of restructuring expense. $1 million of the transaction and integration costs relate to our Transportation segment, $5 million relate to our Logistics segment and $12 million relate to Corporate.
(2)Consolidated operating income for the three months ended March 31, 2020 includes $44 million of transaction and integration costs and $3 million of restructuring expense. $7 million of the transaction and integration costs relate to our Transportation segment, $7 million relate to our Logistics segment and $30 million relate to Corporate.
The transaction and integration costs for the first three months of 2021 are primarily related to the planned spin-off of the Logistics segment and our acquisition of the Kuehne + Nagel business. The transaction and integration costs for the first three months of 2020 are primarily related to our previously announced exploration of strategic alternatives that was terminated in March 2020. For further information on our restructuring actions, see Note 5—Restructuring Charges. We also incurred in the first three months of 2021 and 2020, net incremental and direct costs as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, including costs for personal protective equipment, site cleanings and enhanced employee benefits, such as appreciation pay.
4. Revenue Recognition
Disaggregation of Revenues
We disaggregate our revenue by geographic area and service offering. Our revenue disaggregated by geographical area, based on sales office location, was as follows:

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Three Months Ended March 31, 2021
(In millions)TransportationLogisticsEliminationsTotal
Revenue
United States$2,118 $584 $(9)$2,693 
North America (excluding United States)90 14 104 
France342 180 (3)519 
United Kingdom209 552 (15)746 
Europe (excluding France and United Kingdom)213 465 (5)673 
Other17 23 (1)39 
Total$2,989 $1,818 $(33)$4,774 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2020
(In millions)TransportationLogisticsEliminationsTotal
Revenue
United States$1,702 $536 $(9)$2,229 
North America (excluding United States)71 14 85 
France311 150 (3)458 
United Kingdom182 329 (16)495 
Europe (excluding France and United Kingdom)188 386 (3)571 
Other22 (1)26 
Total$2,459 $1,437 $(32)$3,864 
Our revenue disaggregated by service offering was as follows:
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In millions)20212020
Transportation segment:
LTL$1,221 $1,135 
Freight brokerage and truckload1,384 1,023 
Last mile (1)
246 201 
Managed transportation97 83 
Global forwarding100 61 
Transportation eliminations(59)(44)
Total Transportation segment revenue2,989 2,459 
Total Logistics segment revenue1,818 1,437 
Intersegment eliminations(33)(32)
Total revenue$4,774 $3,864 
(1)    Comprised of our North American last mile operations.
Performance Obligations
Remaining performance obligations represent firm contracts for which services have not been performed and future revenue recognition is expected. As permitted in determining the remaining performance obligation, we omit obligations that: (i) have original expected durations of one year or less or (ii) contain variable consideration. On March 31, 2021, the fixed consideration component of our remaining performance obligation was approximately $2.1 billion, and we expect to recognize approximately 66% of that amount over the next three years and the

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remainder thereafter. The remaining performance obligation at March 31, 2021 includes contracts related to the Kuehne + Nagel acquisition. The majority of the remaining performance obligation relates to our Logistics reportable segment. We estimate remaining performance obligations at a point in time and actual amounts may differ from these estimates due to changes in foreign currency exchange rates and contract revisions or terminations.
5. Restructuring Charges
We engage in restructuring actions as part of our ongoing efforts to best use our resources and infrastructure. These actions generally include severance and facility-related costs, including impairment of right-of-use assets, and are intended to improve our efficiency and profitability.
We recorded restructuring charges of $4 million and $3 million in Sales, general and administrative expense on our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income for the first three months of 2021 and 2020, respectively.
Our restructuring-related activity was as follows:
Three Months Ended March 31, 2021
(In millions)Reserve Balance as of December 31, 2020Charges IncurredPaymentsForeign Exchange and OtherReserve Balance as of March 31, 2021
Severance
Transportation$$$(4)$$
Logistics19 (4)(1)14 
Corporate(1)
Total severance28 (9)(1)22 
Facilities
Transportation
Total facilities
Total$33 $$(9)$(1)$27 
We expect the majority of the cash outlays related to the charges incurred in the first quarter of 2021 will be complete within twelve months.
6. Derivative Instruments
In the normal course of business, we are exposed to risks arising from business operations and economic factors, including fluctuations in interest rates and foreign currencies. We use derivative instruments to manage the volatility related to these exposures. The objective of these derivative instruments is to reduce fluctuations in our earnings and cash flows associated with changes in foreign currency exchange rates and interest rates. These financial instruments are not used for trading or other speculative purposes. Historically, we have not incurred, and do not expect to incur in the future, any losses as a result of counterparty default.

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The fair value of our derivative instruments and the related notional amounts were as follows:
March 31, 2021
Derivative AssetsDerivative Liabilities
(In millions)Notional AmountBalance Sheet CaptionFair ValueBalance Sheet CaptionFair Value
Derivatives designated as hedges
Cross-currency swap agreements$450 Other current assets$Other current liabilities$(25)
Cross-currency swap agreements730 Other long-term assetsOther long-term liabilities(29)
Interest rate swaps2,003 Other current assetsOther current liabilities
Derivatives not designated as hedges
Foreign currency option contracts178 Other current assetsOther current liabilities
Total$$(54)
December 31, 2020
Derivative AssetsDerivative Liabilities
(In millions)Notional AmountBalance Sheet CaptionFair ValueBalance Sheet CaptionFair Value
Derivatives designated as hedges
Cross-currency swap agreements$450 Other current assets$Other current liabilities$(44)
Cross-currency swap agreements740 Other long-term assetsOther long-term liabilities(65)
Interest rate swaps2,003 Other current assetsOther current liabilities(4)
Total$$(113)
The derivatives are classified as Level 2 within the fair value hierarchy. The derivatives are valued using inputs other than quoted prices such as foreign exchange rates and yield curves.
The effect of derivative and nonderivative instruments designated as hedges on our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income was as follows:
Amount of Gain (Loss) Recognized in Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) on DerivativesAmount of Gain Reclassified from AOCI into Net IncomeAmount of Gain Recognized in Income on Derivative (Amount Excluded from Effectiveness Testing)
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In millions)202120202021202020212020
Derivatives designated as cash flow hedges
Cross-currency swap agreements$$$$$$
Interest rate swaps(5)
Derivatives designated as net investment hedges
Cross-currency swap agreements48 38 
Total$54 $41 $$$$
The pre-tax gain recognized in earnings for foreign currency option and forward contracts not designated as hedging instruments were gains of $1 million and $4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. These amounts are recorded in Foreign currency gain on our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income.

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Cross-Currency Swap Agreements
We enter into cross-currency swap agreements to manage the foreign currency exchange risk related to our international operations by effectively converting our fixed-rate USD-denominated debt, including the associated interest payments, to fixed-rate, euro (“EUR”)-denominated debt. The risk management objective of these transactions is to manage foreign currency risk relating to net investments in subsidiaries denominated in foreign currencies and reduce the variability in the functional currency equivalent cash flows of this debt.
During the term of the swap contracts, we will receive interest, either on a quarterly or semi-annual basis, from the counterparties based on USD fixed interest rates, and we will pay interest, also on a quarterly or semi-annual basis, to the counterparties based on EUR fixed interest rates. At maturity, we will repay the original principal amount in EUR and receive the principal amount in USD. These agreements expire at various dates through 2024.
We designated these cross-currency swaps as qualifying hedging instruments and account for them as net investment hedges. We apply the simplified method of assessing the effectiveness of our net investment hedging relationships. Under this method, for each reporting period, the change in the fair value of the cross-currency swaps is initially recognized in Accumulated other comprehensive income (“AOCI”). The change in the fair value due to foreign exchange remains in AOCI and the initial component excluded from effectiveness testing will initially remain in AOCI and then will be reclassified from AOCI to Interest expense each period in a systematic manner. For net investment hedges that were de-designated prior to their maturity, the amounts in AOCI will remain in AOCI until the subsidiary is sold or substantially liquidated. Cash flows related to the periodic exchange of interest payments for these net investment hedges are included in Operating activities on our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows.
We also enter into cross-currency swap agreements to manage the related foreign currency exposure from intercompany loans. We designated these cross-currency swaps as qualifying hedging instruments and account for them as cash flow hedges. Gains and losses resulting from the change in the fair value of the cross-currency swaps are initially recognized in AOCI and reclassified to Foreign currency gain to offset the foreign exchange impact in earnings created by the intercompany loans. Cash flows related to these cash flow hedges are included in Operating activities on our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows.
Interest Rate Hedging
We execute short-term interest rate swaps to mitigate variability in forecasted interest payments on our Senior Secured Term Loan Credit Agreement (the “Term Loan Credit Agreement”). The interest rate swaps convert floating-rate interest payments into fixed rate interest payments. We designated the interest rate swaps as qualifying hedging instruments and account for these derivatives as cash flow hedges. The interest rate swaps mature on various dates through 2021.
We record gains and losses resulting from fair value adjustments to the designated portion of interest rate swaps in AOCI and reclassify them to Interest expense on the dates that interest payments accrue. Cash flows related to the interest rate swaps are included in Operating activities on our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows.
Foreign Currency Option and Forward Contracts
We use foreign currency option contracts to mitigate the risk of a reduction in the value of earnings from our operations that use the EUR or the British pound sterling as their functional currency. Additionally, we use foreign currency forward contracts to mitigate exposure from intercompany loans that are not designated as permanent and can create volatility in earnings. The foreign currency contracts (both option and forward contracts) were not designated as qualifying hedging instruments as of March 31, 2021. The contracts are used to manage our exposure to foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations and are not speculative. The contracts generally expire in 12 months or less. Gains or losses on the contracts are recorded in Foreign currency gain on our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income. Cash flows related to the foreign currency contracts are included in Investing activities on our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, consistent with the nature and purpose for which these derivatives were acquired.

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7. Debt
March 31, 2021December 31, 2020
(In millions)Principal BalanceCarrying ValuePrincipal BalanceCarrying Value
ABL facility$$$200 $200 
Term loan facilities2,003 1,971 2,003 1,974 
6.50% Senior notes due 20221,200 1,195 
6.125% Senior notes due 2023535 532 535 531 
6.75% Senior notes due 20241,000 990 1,000 989 
6.25% Senior notes due 20251,150 1,139 1,150 1,138 
6.70% Senior debentures due 2034300 211 300 210 
Borrowings related to securitization program50 50 
Finance leases, asset financing and other407 407 420 420 
Total debt5,395 5,250 6,858 6,707 
Short-term borrowings and current maturities of long-term debt88 88 1,343 1,338 
Long-term debt$5,307 $5,162 $5,515 $5,369 
The fair value of our debt and classification in the fair value hierarchy was as follows:
(In millions)Fair ValueLevel 1Level 2
March 31, 2021$5,590 $3,190 $2,400 
December 31, 20207,094 4,431 2,663 
We valued Level 1 debt using quoted prices in active markets. We valued Level 2 debt using bid evaluation pricing models or quoted prices of securities with similar characteristics. The fair value of the asset financing arrangements approximates carrying value as the debt is primarily issued at a floating rate, the debt may be prepaid at any time at par without penalty, and the remaining life of the debt is short-term in nature.
ABL Facility
As of March 31, 2021, our borrowing base was $1.1 billion and our availability under our ABL Facility was $1.084 billion after considering outstanding letters of credit on the ABL Facility of $16 million. As of March 31, 2021, we were in compliance with the ABL Facility’s financial covenants.
Secured Debt
Under our Senior Secured Term Loan Credit Agreement, we have a $200 million uncommitted secured evergreen letter of credit facility, under which we have issued $198 million in aggregate face amount of letters of credit as of March 31, 2021. As of March 31, 2021, we were in compliance with the financial covenants in the Senior Secured Term Loan Agreement.

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Term Loan Facilities
In the first quarter of 2021, we amended the Term Loan Credit Agreement to consolidate our tranches and lower the interest rate. The applicable terms of the Term Loan Credit Agreement are as follows:
December 31, 2020
(In millions)March 31, 2021First TrancheSecond Tranche
Principal balance$2,003 $1,503 $500 
Interest spread:
Base rate loans0.75 %1.00 %1.50 %
LIBOR loans1.75 %2.00 %2.50 %
Maturity dateFebruary 2025February 2025February 2025
We recorded a debt extinguishment loss of $3 million in the first quarter of 2021 due to this amendment.
The interest rate on our term loan facility was 1.86% as of March 31, 2021.
Senior Notes due 2022
In January 2021, we redeemed our outstanding 6.50% senior notes due 2022. The redemption price for the notes was 100.0% of the principal amount, plus accrued and unpaid interest. We paid for the redemption with available cash. We recorded a debt extinguishment loss of $5 million in our first quarter 2021 results of operations due to this redemption.
8. Stockholders’ Equity
Series A Convertible Perpetual Preferred Stock and Warrants
In 2011, we issued 75,000 shares of the Series A Preferred Stock with an initial liquidation preference of $1,000 per share which are convertible into shares of our common stock at a conversion price of $7.00 per common share (subject to customary anti-dilution adjustments). We also issued warrants exercisable for shares of our common stock at an initial exercise price of $7.00 per common share (subject to customary anti-dilution adjustments). Our preferred stock pays quarterly cash dividends equal to the greater of: (i) the “as-converted” dividends on our underlying common stock for the relevant quarter and (ii) 4% of the then-applicable liquidation preference per annum.
In December 2020, some holders of our convertible preferred stock exchanged their holdings for a combination of our common stock, based on the stated conversion price, and a lump-sum payment that represents an approximation of the net present value of the future dividends payable on the preferred stock. Additionally, some holders of our warrants exchanged (or committed to exchange subject to the satisfaction of certain customary closing conditions) their holdings, including Jacobs Private Equity, LLC, an entity controlled by the Company’s chairman and chief executive officer, for a number of shares of our common stock equal to the number of shares of common stock that such holder would be entitled to receive upon an exercise of the warrants less the number of shares of common stock that have an approximate value equal to the exercise price of the warrants. With respect to the preferred stock, through December 31, 2020, 69,445 shares were exchanged, and we issued 9.9 million shares of common stock and paid $22 million of cash. With respect to the warrants, through December 31, 2020, 0.3 million warrants were exchanged, and we issued 0.3 million shares of common stock. In the first quarter of 2021, 975 preferred shares were exchanged, and we issued 0.1 million shares of common stock. With respect to the warrants, in the first quarter of 2021, 9.8 million warrants were exchanged, and we issued 9.2 million shares of common stock. These exchanges are intended to simplify our equity capital structure, including in contemplation of our previously announced plan to pursue a spin-off of our Logistics segment. As of March 31, 2021, 40 shares of preferred stock remain outstanding, which are convertible into 5,714 shares of our common stock, and 0 warrants are outstanding.

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Share Repurchases
In February 2019, our Board of Directors authorized additional repurchases of up to $1.5 billion of our common stock. Our share repurchase authorization permits us to purchase shares in both the open market and in private transactions, with the timing and number of shares dependent on a variety of factors, including price, general business conditions, market conditions, alternative investment opportunities and funding considerations. We are not obligated to repurchase any specific number of shares and may suspend or discontinue the program at any time.
In the first quarter of 2020, we purchased and retired 2 million shares at an aggregate value of $114 million. The share purchases were funded by our available cash and proceeds from our 2019 debt offerings. There were 0 share purchases in the first quarter of 2021. Our remaining share repurchase authorization was $503 million as of March 31, 2021.
9. Earnings per Share
We compute basic and diluted earnings per share using the two-class method, which allocates earnings to participating securities. The participating securities in 2020 consisted of our Series A Convertible Perpetual Preferred Stock. The undistributed earnings are allocated between common shares and participating securities as if all earnings had been distributed during the period. Losses are not allocated to the preferred shares. As discussed in Note 8—Stockholders’ Equity, we recorded a preferred stock conversion charge in December 2020 in connection with the conversion of our Series A preferred stock.
The computations of basic and diluted earnings per share were as follows:
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In millions, except per share data)20212020
Basic earnings per common share
Net income attributable to XPO$115 $23 
Series A preferred stock dividends(1)
Non-cash allocation of undistributed earnings(1)
Net income attributable to common shares, basic$115 $21 
Basic weighted-average common shares106 92 
Basic earnings per share$1.08 $0.23 
Diluted earnings per common share
Net income attributable to common shares, diluted$115 $21 
Basic weighted-average common shares106 92 
Dilutive effect of stock-based awards and warrants11 
Diluted weighted-average common shares112 103 
Diluted earnings per share$1.02 $0.20 
Potential common shares excluded10 
Certain shares were not included in the computation of diluted earnings per share because the effect was anti-dilutive.

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10. Legal and Regulatory Matters
We are involved, and will continue to be involved, in numerous proceedings arising out of the conduct of our business. These proceedings may include claims for property damage or personal injury incurred in connection with the transportation of freight, claims regarding anti-competitive practices, and employment-related claims, including claims involving asserted breaches of employee restrictive covenants. These matters also include numerous putative class action, multi-plaintiff and individual lawsuits, and administrative proceedings involving claims that our owner-operators or contract carriers should be treated as employees, rather than independent contractors (“misclassification claims”). These lawsuits and proceedings may seek substantial monetary damages (including claims for unpaid wages, overtime, failure to provide meal and rest breaks, unreimbursed business expenses, penalties and other items), injunctive relief, or both.
We establish accruals for specific legal proceedings when it is considered probable that a loss has been incurred and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated. We review and adjust accruals for loss contingencies quarterly and as additional information becomes available. If a loss is not both probable and reasonably estimable, or if an exposure to loss exists in excess of the amount accrued, we assess whether there is at least a reasonable possibility that a loss, or additional loss, may have been incurred. If there is a reasonable possibility that a loss, or additional loss, may have been incurred, we disclose the estimate of the possible loss or range of loss if it is material and an estimate can be made, or disclose that such an estimate cannot be made. The determination as to whether a loss can reasonably be considered to be possible or probable is based on our assessment, together with legal counsel, regarding the ultimate outcome of the matter.
We believe that we have adequately accrued for the potential impact of loss contingencies that are probable and reasonably estimable. We do not believe that the ultimate resolution of any matters to which we are presently a party will have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows. However, the results of these matters cannot be predicted with certainty, and an unfavorable resolution of one or more of these matters could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows. Legal costs incurred related to these matters are expensed as incurred.
We carry liability and excess umbrella insurance policies that we deem sufficient to cover potential legal claims arising in the normal course of conducting our operations as a transportation and logistics company. The liability and excess umbrella insurance policies generally do not cover the misclassification claims described in this note. In the event we are required to satisfy a legal claim outside the scope of the coverage provided by insurance, our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows could be negatively impacted.
11. Subsequent Event
On April 6, 2021, the Company announced a buy-out offer to be followed by a squeeze-out for the remaining 3% of XPO Logistics Europe that it does not already own, at a price of €315 per share for 341,887 shares. It is expected that the total cash consideration to be paid in connection with this offer will be approximately €108 million (approximately $128 million). The offer will be subject to review by the Supervisory Board of XPO Logistics Europe, as well as regulatory bodies, and is expected to close in the second quarter of 2021.

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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and other written reports and oral statements we make from time to time contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). All statements other than statements of historical fact are, or may be deemed to be, forward-looking statements. In some cases, forward-looking statements can be identified by the use of forward-looking terms such as “anticipate,” “estimate,” “believe,” “continue,” “could,” “intend,” “may,” “plan,” “potential,” “predict,” “should,” “will,” “expect,” “objective,” “projection,” “forecast,” “goal,” “guidance,” “outlook,” “effort,” “target,” “trajectory” or the negative of these terms or other comparable terms. However, the absence of these words does not mean that the statements are not forward-looking. These forward-looking statements are based on certain assumptions and analyses made by the Company in light of its experience and its perception of historical trends, current conditions and expected future developments, as well as other factors it believes are appropriate in the circumstances. These forward-looking statements are subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties and assumptions that may cause actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Factors that might cause or contribute to a material difference include those discussed below and the risks discussed in the Company’s other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). All forward-looking statements set forth in this Quarterly Report are qualified by these cautionary statements, and there can be no assurance that the actual results or developments anticipated by the Company will be realized or, even if substantially realized, that they will have the expected consequence to or effects on the Company or its business or operations. The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the Company’s unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and related notes thereto included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report, and with the audited consolidated financial statements and related notes thereto included in the 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K. Forward-looking statements set forth in this Quarterly Report speak only as of the date hereof, and we do not undertake any obligation to update forward-looking statements to reflect subsequent events or circumstances, changes in expectations or the occurrence of unanticipated events, except to the extent required by law.
Executive Summary
XPO Logistics, Inc., a Delaware corporation, together with its subsidiaries (“XPO,” or “we”), provides cutting-edge supply chain solutions to the most successful companies in the world.
We have two reporting segments: Transportation and Logistics, each with robust service offerings, leadership positions and growth prospects. In 2020, approximately 62% of our revenue came from Transportation, and the remaining 38% came from Logistics. Within each segment, we are positioned to capitalize on fast-growing areas of demand.
In December 2020, we announced that our Board of Directors unanimously approved a plan to pursue a spin-off of 100% of our Logistics segment as a separate publicly traded company. We intend to structure the spin-off as a distribution that is generally tax-free for U.S. federal income tax purposes to XPO shareholders (except with respect to any cash received in lieu of fractional shares) and would result in XPO shareholders owning stock in both companies.
If completed, the spin-off will result in separate public companies with clearly delineated service offerings. XPO will be a global provider of primarily less-than-truckload (“LTL”) transportation and truck brokerage services, and GXO Logistics, Inc. (“GXO”), the planned spin-off, will be the second largest contract logistics provider in the world. Both companies’ stocks are expected to trade on the New York Stock Exchange, and we plan to consider a dual listing on the London Stock Exchange for GXO in due course.
The transaction is currently expected to be completed in the second half of 2021, subject to various conditions, including the approval of XPO’s board of directors. There can be no assurance that the spin-off will occur or, if it does occur, of its terms or timing.
Separately, we acquired the majority of Kuehne + Nagel’s contract logistics operations in the United Kingdom and Ireland in January 2021. The operations, which include roughly 5,700 employees and provide a range of logistics

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services, including inbound and outbound distribution, reverse logistics management and inventory management, are included in our Logistics segment.
As of March 31, 2021, we had approximately 140,000 team members (comprised of approximately 108,000 full-time and part-time employees and 32,000 third-party, temporary workers), and 1,621 locations in 30 countries. Substantially all of our services operate under the single brand of XPO Logistics. We use our highly integrated network to help more than 50,000 customers operate their supply chains most efficiently.
Maintaining strong liquidity has been and will continue to be a top priority for XPO, and is consistent with our pursuit of investment-grade ratings for both XPO and GXO. As discussed in greater detail below, as of March 31, 2021, we had $1.7 billion of available liquidity, including $629 million of cash and cash equivalents.
Transportation Segment
Our Transportation segment facilitates the movement of raw materials, parts and finished goods. Our largest service offering within the Transportation segment is LTL, which contributed 43% of 2020 segment revenue. We are a top three provider of LTL services in North America, and we have one of the largest LTL networks in Western Europe.
Our other primary service offering within the Transportation segment is truck brokerage. We are the second largest brokerage provider globally and the third largest brokerage provider in North America. As of March 31, 2021, we had truck brokerage relationships with approximately 81,000 independent carriers representing over 1,000,000 trucks. The results of our truck brokerage operations are included as part of our freight brokerage services, which include additional, asset-light services for expedite, intermodal and drayage.
The owned capacity of our transportation model includes approximately 13,000 tractors and 35,000 trailers operated by professional drivers employed by XPO. This equipment is related primarily to our LTL operations in North America. Our fleet also supports our brokerage operations as needed.
Logistics Segment
Our Logistics segment, which we sometimes refer to as supply chain, provides order fulfillment and other distribution services differentiated by our ability to deliver technology-enabled, customized solutions. XPO is the second largest provider of contract logistics globally, with one of the largest outsourced e-fulfillment platforms.
Our logistics services include high-value-add warehousing and distribution, order fulfillment and personalization, cold-chain logistics, packaging and labeling, aftermarket support, inventory management and supply chain optimization. In addition, many of our e-commerce facilities manage merchandise returns, also known as reverse logistics. Depending on the merchandise being returned, this fast-growing area of logistics can include inspection, testing, repackaging, refurbishment, resale or product disposal, as well as refunding and warranty management. Reverse logistics services are mission-critical for companies with consumer end-markets, as shoppers increasingly “test-drive” the merchandise they buy online.
As of March 31, 2021, we operated 210 million square feet (20 million square meters) of logistics warehouse space worldwide. Approximately 99 million square feet (9 million square meters) was located in North America; 104 million square feet (10 million square meters) was located in Europe; and 7 million square feet (1 million square meters) was located in Asia.
Our logistics customers primarily operate in industries with high-growth outsourcing opportunities, including e-commerce and retail, food and beverage, consumer packaged goods, technology, aerospace, telecommunications, industrial and manufacturing, chemicals, agribusiness, life sciences and healthcare.
Operating Philosophy
We believe that our rapid pace of innovation differentiates our services, enables us to better utilize our assets and makes the most of the talent within our organization. Our proprietary technology strengthens our relationships with customers by addressing their immediate supply chain needs in ways that accommodate their strategic plans, such as entry into new markets. Technology allows us to be a true partner to our customers by helping them meet their objectives for efficiency, safety, customer service and growth.

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When developing our technology, we concentrate our efforts in four areas that can create value for our shareholders and our customers, primarily by creating “smart” supply chains: our digital freight marketplace, automation and intelligent machines, dynamic data science, and visibility, particularly as it affects customer service in the e-commerce supply chain.
Environmental sustainability is a significant priority for us. In the U.S., XPO has been named a Top 75 Green Supply Chain Partner by Inbound Logistics for five consecutive years. In France, we have renewed our commitment to the CO2 Charter for another three years. In Spain, all of our sites meet Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (“LEED”) energy certification standards for 100% consumption of renewable energy. In the U.K., the Digital Distribution Warehouse of the Future we created with Nestlé operates with environmentally friendly ammonia refrigeration systems, energy-saving lighting, air-source heat pumps for administration areas and rainwater harvesting.
More broadly in our Logistics segment, a number of our facilities are ISO 14001-certified, which ensures environmental and other regulatory compliances. We monitor fuel emissions from forklifts, with protocols in place to take immediate corrective action if needed. Our packaging engineers ensure that the optimal carton size is used for each product slated for distribution, and when feasible, we purchase recycled packaging. As a byproduct of managing returned merchandise, we recycle millions of electronic components and batteries each year.
In our Transportation segment, we have made substantial investments in fuel-efficient tractors that use Environmental Protection Agency 2013-compliant and Greenhouse Gas 2014- compliant Selective Catalytic Reduction technology for our LTL business in North America. Our LTL drivers operate from terminals that have energy-saving policies in place and are implementing a phased upgrade to LED lighting.
In Europe, our modern road fleet is 98% compliant with Euro V, EEV and Euro VI standards. We also own a large alternative-fuel road fleet that operates in France, the U.K., Spain and Portugal, including more than 250 natural gas vehicles. In Spain, we own government-approved mega-trucks to transport freight with fewer trips, and our last mile operations in Europe use electric vehicles for deliveries in certain urban areas, reducing those emissions to zero.
Impacts of COVID-19
As a global provider of supply chain solutions, our business can be impacted to varying degrees by factors beyond our control. The rapid escalation of COVID-19 into a pandemic in 2020 affected, and will continue to affect, economic activity broadly and customer sectors served by our industry.
We believe the COVID-19 pandemic and associated impacts on economic activity had an adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, as discussed below.
Due to the evolving nature of the pandemic, it remains difficult to predict the extent of the impact on our industry generally and our business in particular. Furthermore, the extent and pace of a recovery remains uncertain and may differ significantly among the countries in which we operate. We expect that our results of operations will continue to be impacted by the pandemic throughout 2021.
We have incurred net incremental and direct costs related to COVID-19 to ensure that we meet the needs of our employees and customers; these include costs for personal protective equipment (“PPE”), site cleanings and enhanced employee benefits. The majority of our cost base is variable, and while we expect to continue to incur additional costs related to the pandemic, we also have the ability to continue to adjust our expenses to address significant changes in demand for our services, if necessary, as we did in 2020. These actions include reduced use of contractors, reduced employee hours, furloughs, layoffs and required use of paid time off, consistent with applicable regulations.
The totality of the actions we have taken during the pandemic, and continue to take, combined with the variable components of our cost structure, have mitigated the impact on our profitability relative to the impact on our revenue and volumes, while our strong liquidity and disciplined capital management enable us to continue to invest in key growth initiatives.

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Consolidated Summary Financial Table
Three Months Ended March 31,Percent of RevenueChange
(Dollars in millions)
2021 (1)
2020 (2)
202120202021 vs. 2020
Revenue$4,774 $3,864 100.0 %100.0 %23.6 %
Cost of transportation and services2,328 1,898 48.8 %49.1 %22.7 %
Direct operating expense1,656 1,360 34.7 %35.2 %21.8 %
Sales, general and administrative expense588 525 12.3 %13.6 %12.0 %
Operating income202 81 4.2 %2.1 %149.4 %
Other income(26)(18)(0.5)%(0.5)%44.4 %
Foreign currency gain(2)(8)— %(0.2)%(75.0)%
Debt extinguishment loss— 0.2 %— %NM
Interest expense69 72 1.4 %1.9 %(4.2)%
Income before income tax provision153 35 3.2 %0.9 %337.1 %
Income tax provision35 10 0.7 %0.3 %250.0 %
Net income$118 $25 2.5 %0.6 %372.0 %
NM - Not meaningful
(1)Consolidated operating income for the three months ended March 31, 2021 includes $18 million of transaction and integration costs and $4 million of restructuring expense. $1 million of the transaction and integration costs relate to our Transportation segment, $5 million relate to our Logistics segment and $12 million relate to Corporate.
(2)Consolidated operating income for the three months ended March 31, 2020 includes $44 million of transaction and integration costs and $3 million of restructuring expense. $7 million of the transaction and integration costs relate to our Transportation segment, $7 million relate to our Logistics segment and $30 million relate to Corporate.
The transaction and integration costs for the first three months of 2021 are primarily related to the planned spin-off of the Logistics segment and our acquisition of the Kuehne + Nagel business. The transaction and integration costs for the first three months of 2020 are primarily related to our previously announced exploration of strategic alternatives that was terminated in March 2020. For further information on our restructuring actions, see Note 5—Restructuring Charges to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. We also incurred in the first three months of 2021 and 2020, net incremental and direct costs as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 Compared with Three Months Ended March 31, 2020
Revenue for the first quarter of 2021 increased 23.6% to $4.8 billion, compared with the same period in 2020. The increase in revenue in the first three months of 2021 compared to the same period in 2020 reflects strong growth in both our transportation and logistics businesses, including the impact of the acquired Kuehne + Nagel business in January 2021, which contributed approximately 3.1 percentage points to revenue growth. Additionally, foreign currency movement increased revenue by approximately 3.2 percentage points in the first quarter of 2021.
Cost of transportation and services includes the cost of providing or procuring freight transportation for XPO customers and salaries paid to employee drivers in our LTL and truckload businesses.
Cost of transportation and services for the first quarter of 2021 was $2.3 billion, or 48.8% of revenue, compared with $1.9 billion, or 49.1% of revenue, for the same period in 2020. The year-over-year decrease as a percentage of revenue for the first three months of 2021 was primarily driven by a higher mix of logistics revenue, partially offset by increased third-party transportation costs in our transportation segment.
Direct operating expenses are comprised of both fixed and variable expenses and consist of operating costs related to our warehousing facilities and LTL service centers. Direct operating expenses consist mainly of personnel costs, facility and equipment expenses, such as rent, utilities, equipment maintenance and repair, costs of materials and supplies, information technology expenses, depreciation expense, and gains and losses on sales of property and equipment.

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Direct operating expense for the first three months of 2021 was $1.7 billion, or 34.7% of revenue, compared with $1.4 billion, or 35.2% of revenue, for the same period in 2020. The year-over-year decrease as a percentage of revenue was primarily driven by lower personnel and facilities costs as a percentage of revenue as we leveraged our fixed costs across increased revenues this quarter, partially offset by a higher mix of logistics revenue. Additionally, the first quarters of 2021 and 2020 included $24 million and $27 million, respectively, from gains on sales of property and equipment.
Sales, general and administrative expense (“SG&A”) primarily consists of salaries and commissions for the sales function, salary and benefit costs for executive and certain administration functions, depreciation and amortization expense, professional fees, facility costs, bad debt expense and legal costs.
SG&A for the first quarter of 2021 was $588 million, or 12.3% of revenue, compared with $525 million, or 13.6% of revenue, for the same period in 2020. SG&A for the first three months of 2021 included approximately $13 million of expenses related to the planned spin-off of our Logistics segment, including professional service fees. In comparison, SG&A for the first three months of 2020 included approximately $40 million of expenses related to our exploration of strategic alternatives that was terminated in March 2020, including professional service fees and employee retention costs.
Other income primarily consists of pension income. Other income for the first quarter of 2021 was $26 million of income, compared with $18 million of income for the same period in 2020. The year-over-year increase primarily reflects higher net periodic pension income in the first quarter of 2021, compared with the same period in 2020.
Foreign currency gain was a $2 million gain for the first quarter of 2021, compared with an $8 million gain for the same period in 2020. Foreign currency gain in the first quarter of 2021 primarily reflected foreign currency transaction and measurement gains. Foreign currency gain in the first quarter of 2020 primarily reflected realized and unrealized gains on foreign currency option and forward contracts and other derivative contracts, including a gain on a terminated net investment hedge. For additional information on our foreign currency option and forward contracts, see Note 6—Derivative Instruments to our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
Debt extinguishment loss was $8 million for the first three months of 2021 and related to the write-off of debt issuance costs for the redemption of our outstanding senior notes due 2022, as well as costs related to the amendment of our term loan credit agreement. There were no debt extinguishment losses in the first quarter of 2020.
Interest expense decreased to $69 million for the first quarter of 2021 from $72 million for the first quarter of 2020. Interest expense reflected the issuance of the senior notes due 2025 in the second quarter of 2020, partially offset by the redemption of the senior notes due 2022 in the first quarter of 2021.
Our effective income tax rates were 22.8% and 30.2% for the first three months of 2021 and 2020, respectively. The effective tax rates for the first quarter of 2021 and 2020 were based on forecasted full-year effective tax rates, adjusted for discrete items that occurred within the periods presented. The change in our effective tax rate for the first quarter of 2021 compared to the same quarter in 2020 was primarily driven by higher pre-tax book income which diluted the impact of contribution- and margin-based taxes. The primary discrete item impacting the effective tax rate for the first quarter of 2021 was a tax benefit of $4 million from stock-based compensation. There were no material discrete items impacting the effective tax rate for the first quarter of 2020.
Restructuring Charges
We engage in restructuring actions as part of our ongoing efforts to best use our resources and infrastructure. We recorded restructuring charges of $4 million and $3 million in Sales, general and administrative expense on our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income for the first three months of 2021 and 2020, respectively.
For more information, see Note 5—Restructuring Charges to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. We may incur incremental restructuring costs in 2021 in connection with the planned spin-off of our Logistics segment or for other reasons; however, we are currently unable to reasonably estimate these costs.

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Transportation Segment
Three Months Ended March 31,Percent of RevenueChange
(Dollars in millions)20212020202120202021 vs. 2020
Revenue$2,989 $2,459 100.0 %100.0 %21.6 %
Operating income209 120 7.0 %4.9 %74.2 %
Depreciation and amortization115 110 4.5 %
Revenue in our Transportation segment increased 21.6% to $3.0 billion for the first quarter of 2021, compared with $2.5 billion for the same period in 2020. The increase in revenue in the first quarter of 2021 reflected strong growth in freight brokerage and LTL revenues. Additionally, foreign currency movement increased revenue by approximately 2.5 percentage points in the first quarter of 2021.
Operating income in our Transportation segment was $209 million, or 7.0% of revenue, for the first quarter of 2021, compared with $120 million, or 4.9% of revenue, for the same period in 2020. The increase in operating income in the first three months of 2021 was primarily driven by higher revenue, partially offset by higher third-party transportation and personnel costs. Additionally, the first quarter of 2020 included approximately $7 million of expenses related to our exploration of strategic alternatives.
Logistics Segment
Three Months Ended March 31,Percent of RevenueChange
(Dollars in millions)20212020202120202021 vs. 2020
Revenue$1,818 $1,437 100.0 %100.0 %26.5 %
Operating income68 38 3.7 %2.6 %78.9 %
Depreciation and amortization74 69 7.2 %
Revenue in our Logistics segment increased 26.5% to $1.8 billion for the first quarter of 2021, compared with $1.4 billion for the same period in 2020. The increase in revenue in the first quarter of 2021 compared to the same period in 2020 reflects strong growth in our European business, including the impact of the acquired Kuehne + Nagel business in January 2021, which contributed approximately 8.2 percentage points to segment revenue growth. Additionally, foreign currency movement increased revenue by approximately 5.5 percentage points in the first quarter of 2021.
Operating income in our Logistics segment was $68 million, or 3.7% of revenue, for the first quarter of 2021, compared with operating income of $38 million, or 2.6% of revenue, for the same period in 2020. The increase was primarily driven by higher revenue, partially offset by higher personnel and facilities costs.

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Liquidity and Capital Resources
As of March 31, 2021, we had cash and cash equivalents of $629 million. Our principal existing sources of cash are (i) cash generated from operations; (ii) borrowings available under our Second Amended and Restated Revolving Loan Credit Agreement, as amended (the “ABL Facility”); and (iii) proceeds from the issuance of other debt. As of March 31, 2021, we have $1.084 billion available to draw under our ABL Facility, based on a borrowing base of $1.1 billion and outstanding letters of credit of $16 million. Additionally, under our Senior Secured Term Loan Credit Agreement, we have a $200 million uncommitted secured evergreen letter of credit facility, under which we have issued $198 million in aggregate face amount of letters of credit as of March 31, 2021.
We continually evaluate our liquidity requirements in light of our operating needs, growth initiatives and capital resources. We believe that our existing liquidity and sources of capital are sufficient to support our operations over the next 12 months.
Trade Receivables Securitization and Factoring Programs
We sell certain of our trade accounts receivable on a non-recourse basis to third-party financial institutions under factoring agreements. We account for these transactions as sales of receivables and present cash proceeds as cash provided by operating activities in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows. We also sell trade accounts receivable under a securitization program described below. We use trade receivables securitization and factoring programs to help manage our cash flows and offset the impact of extended payment terms for some of our customers.
XPO Logistics Europe SA (“XPO Logistics Europe”), one of our majority-owned subsidiaries, participates in a trade receivables securitization program co-arranged by three European banks (the “Purchasers”). Under the program, a wholly-owned bankruptcy-remote special purpose entity of XPO Logistics Europe sells trade receivables that originate with wholly-owned subsidiaries of XPO Logistics Europe in the United Kingdom and France to unaffiliated entities managed by the Purchasers. The special purpose entity is a variable interest entity and is consolidated by XPO based on our control of the entity’s activities.
We account for transfers under our securitization and factoring arrangements as sales because we sell full title and ownership in the underlying receivables and control of the receivables is considered transferred. For these transfers, the receivables are removed from our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets at the date of transfer. In the securitization and factoring arrangements, our continuing involvement is limited to servicing the receivables. The fair value of any servicing assets and liabilities is immaterial. Our trade receivables securitization program permits us to borrow, on an unsecured basis, cash collected in a servicing capacity on previously sold receivables, which we report within short-term debt on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. We had no such borrowings outstanding as of March 31, 2021 and €41 million ($50 million) as of December 31, 2020.
The maximum amount of net cash proceeds available at any one time under the securitization program, inclusive of any unsecured borrowings, is €400 million (approximately $469 million as of March 31, 2021). As of March 31, 2021, €82 million (approximately $96 million) was available to us, subject to having sufficient receivables available to sell to the Purchasers.
Under the program, we service the receivables we sell on behalf of the Purchasers, which gives us visibility into the timing of customer payments. The benefit to our cash flow includes the difference between the cash consideration in the table below and the amount we collected as a servicer on behalf of the Purchasers. In the first quarter of 2021 and 2020, we collected cash as servicer of $770 million and $690 million, respectively.

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Information related to the trade receivables sold was as follows:
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In millions)20212020
Securitization programs
Receivables sold in period$775 $691 
Cash consideration775 691 
Factoring programs
Receivables sold in period$116 $264 
Cash consideration116 263 
Term Loan Facilities
In the first quarter of 2021, we amended the Term Loan Credit Agreement to consolidate our tranches and lower the interest rate. The applicable terms of the Term Loan Credit Agreement are as follows:
December 31, 2020
(In millions)March 31, 2021First TrancheSecond Tranche
Principal balance$2,003 $1,503 $500 
Interest spread:
Base rate loans0.75 %1.00 %1.50 %
LIBOR loans1.75 %2.00 %2.50 %
Maturity dateFebruary 2025February 2025February 2025

We recorded a debt extinguishment loss of $3 million in the first quarter of 2021 due to this amendment.
Senior Notes due 2022
In January 2021, we redeemed our outstanding 6.50% senior notes due 2022. The redemption price for the notes was 100.0% of the principal amount, plus accrued and unpaid interest. We paid for the redemption with available cash. We recorded a debt extinguishment loss of $5 million in our first quarter 2021 results of operations due to this redemption.
Preferred Stock and Warrant Exchanges
In December 2020, some holders of our convertible preferred stock exchanged their holdings for a combination of our common stock, based on the stated conversion price, and a lump-sum payment that represents an approximation of the net present value of the future dividends payable on the preferred stock. Additionally, some holders of our warrants exchanged (or committed to exchange subject to the satisfaction of certain customary closing conditions) their holdings, including Jacobs Private Equity, LLC, an entity controlled by the Company’s chairman and chief executive officer, for a number of shares of our common stock equal to the number of shares of common stock that such holder would be entitled to receive upon an exercise of the warrants less the number of shares of common stock that have an approximate value equal to the exercise price of the warrants. With respect to the preferred stock, through December 31, 2020, 69,445 shares were exchanged, and we issued 9.9 million shares of common stock and paid $22 million of cash. With respect to the warrants, through December 31, 2020, 0.3 million warrants were exchanged, and we issued 0.3 million shares of common stock. In the first quarter of 2021, 975 preferred shares were exchanged, and we issued 0.1 million shares of common stock. With respect to the warrants, in the first quarter of 2021, 9.8 million warrants were exchanged, and we issued 9.2 million shares of common stock. These exchanges are intended to simplify our equity capital structure, including in contemplation of our previously announced plan to pursue a spin-off of our Logistics segment.

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Share Repurchases
In February 2019, our Board of Directors authorized additional repurchases of up to $1.5 billion of our common stock. Our share repurchase authorization permits us to purchase shares in both the open market and in private transactions, with the timing and number of shares dependent on a variety of factors, including price, general business conditions, market conditions, alternative investment opportunities and funding considerations. We are not obligated to repurchase any specific number of shares and may suspend or discontinue the program at any time.
In the first quarter of 2020, we purchased and retired 2 million shares at an aggregate value of $114 million. The share purchases were funded by our available cash and proceeds from our 2019 debt offerings. There were no share purchases in the first quarter of 2021. Our remaining share repurchase authorization was $503 million as of March 31, 2021.
Loan Covenants and Compliance
As of March 31, 2021, we were in compliance with the covenants and other provisions of our debt agreements. Any failure to comply with any material provision or covenant of these agreements could have a material adverse effect on our liquidity and operations.
Sources and Uses of Cash
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In millions)20212020
Net cash provided by operating activities$173 $180 
Net cash used in investing activities(95)(79)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities(1,501)668 
Effect of exchange rates on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash(2)(19)
Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash$(1,425)$750 
During the three months ended March 31, 2021, we: (i) generated cash from operating activities of $173 million and (ii) generated proceeds from sales of property and equipment of $36 million. We used cash during this period primarily to: (i) purchase property and equipment of $140 million; (ii) redeem our senior notes due 2022 for $1.2 billion; (iii) repay our ABL Facility borrowings of $200 million; and (iv) repay borrowings related to our securitization program of $49 million.
During the three months ended March 31, 2020, we: (i) generated cash from operating activities of $180 million; (ii) received net proceeds of $782 million from our issuances of debt and short-term borrowings and (iii) generated proceeds from sales of property and equipment (primarily real estate) of $54 million. We used cash during this period primarily to: (i) purchase property and equipment of $139 million and (ii) repurchase common stock of $114 million.
Cash flows from operating activities for the three months ended March 31, 2021 decreased by $7 million, compared with the same period in 2020. Accounts receivable were a use of cash for the three months ended March 31, 2021, as compared to a source of cash in the prior period, reflecting higher revenues in the current period and a year-over-year decrease in proceeds from factoring. Partially offsetting the impact of accounts receivable was higher net income of $93 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021, compared with the same period in 2020.
Investing activities used $95 million and $79 million of cash in the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, we used $140 million of cash to purchase property and equipment and received $36 million from sales of property and equipment. During the three months ended March 31, 2020, we used $139 million of cash to purchase property and equipment and received $54 million from sales of property and equipment.
Financing activities used $1.5 billion of cash in the three months ended March 31, 2021 and provided $668 million of cash in the three months ended March 31, 2020. The primary uses of cash from financing activities during the first three months of 2021 were $1.2 billion used to redeem the senior notes due 2022, $200 million used to repay borrowings under our ABL Facility and $49 million used to repay our borrowings related to our securitization

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program. The primary sources and uses of cash from financing activities during the three months ended March 31, 2020 were $600 million of proceeds from borrowings on our ABL Facility, net of payments and $182 million of net proceeds from borrowings related to our securitization program, partially offset by $114 million used to purchase XPO common stock.
Contractual Obligations
During the three months ended March 31, 2021, there were no material changes to our December 31, 2020 contractual obligations. We anticipate net capital expenditures to be between $500 million and $550 million in 2021 (without giving effect to the planned spin-off of our Logistics segment), which reflects an increase of approximately $25 million from the estimate provided in our 2020 Form 10-K.
New Accounting Standards
Information related to new accounting standards is included in Note 1—Organization, Description of Business and Basis of Presentation to our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk.
We are exposed to market risk related to changes in interest rates, foreign currency exchange rates and commodity risk. There have been no material changes to our quantitative and qualitative disclosures about market risk during the three months ended March 31, 2021, as compared with the quantitative and qualitative disclosures about market risk described in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.
Item 4. Controls and Procedures.
Conclusion Regarding the Effectiveness of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”) and Chief Financial Officer (“CFO”), we conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures, as such term is defined in Rule 13a-15(e) and Rule 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended as of March 31, 2021. Based on that evaluation, our CEO and CFO concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures as of March 31, 2021 were effective as of such time such that the information required to be included in our Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) reports is: (i) recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in SEC rules and forms relating to the Company, including our consolidated subsidiaries; and (ii) accumulated and communicated to our management, including our CEO and CFO, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
There have not been any changes in our internal control over financial reporting during the quarter ended March 31, 2021 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
Part II—Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings.
Intermodal Drayage Classification Claims
Certain of our intermodal drayage subsidiaries are defendants in class action litigations brought by independent contract carriers in California who contracted with these subsidiaries. In these cases, the contract carriers assert that they should be classified as employees, rather than independent contractors. In two related cases pending in Federal District Court in Los Angeles, Alvarez v. XPO Logistics Cartage, LLC and Arrellano v. XPO Port Services, Inc., the Court has certified classes beginning in April 2016 and March 2013, respectively. Plaintiffs allege that defendants exercised an impermissible degree of control over plaintiffs’ operations through the terms of the parties’ contracts and defendants’ policies, including enforcement of requirements imposed on motor carriers by state and federal law. The particular claims asserted vary from case to case but generally include claims that, should the contract carriers be determined to be employees, they would be entitled to reimbursement for unpaid wages, unpaid overtime, unpaid

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wages for missed meal and rest periods, reimbursement of certain of the contract carriers’ business expenses (including fuel and insurance related costs), Labor Code penalties under California’s Private Attorneys General Act, and attorneys’ fees and costs associated with bringing the action. Discovery is ongoing in these matters, and defendants continue to mount a vigorous defense on the merits of plaintiffs’ claims, including as to the threshold issue of employment classification. Both cases are scheduled for trial in September 2021; however, this date may be impacted or significantly delayed by the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on Court operations, including the scheduling of jury trials. We anticipate further legal rulings from the Court at or before trial that may substantially affect the scope of the claims asserted. As a result, we are unable at this time to estimate the amount of the possible loss or range of loss, if any, that we may incur as a result of these claims.
Shareholder Litigation
On December 14, 2018, a putative class action captioned Labul v. XPO Logistics, Inc. et al., was filed in the U.S. District Court for the District of Connecticut against us and some of our current and former executives, alleging violations of Section 10(b) of the Exchange Act and Rule 10b-5 thereunder, and Section 20(a) of the Exchange Act, based on alleged material misstatements and omissions in our public filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. On June 3, 2019, lead plaintiffs Local 817 IBT Pension Fund, Local 272 Labor-Management Pension Fund, and Local 282 Pension Trust Fund and Local 282 Welfare Trust Fund (together, the “Pension Funds”) filed a consolidated class action complaint. Defendants moved to dismiss the consolidated class action complaint on August 2, 2019. On November 4, 2019, the Court dismissed the consolidated class action complaint without prejudice to the filing of an amended complaint. The Pension Funds, on January 3, 2020, filed a first amended consolidated class action complaint against us and a current executive. Defendants moved to dismiss the first amended consolidated class action complaint on March 3, 2020. On March 19, 2021, the Court dismissed the first amended consolidated class action complaint with prejudice and closed the case. The Pension Funds filed a notice of appeal, and the appellate process is ongoing.
Also, on May 13, 2019, Adriana Jez filed a purported shareholder derivative action captioned Jez v. Jacobs, et al., (“Jez complaint”) in the U.S. District Court for the District of Delaware, alleging breaches of fiduciary duty, unjust enrichment, waste of corporate assets, and violations of the Exchange Act against some of our current and former directors and officers, with the company as a nominal defendant. The Jez complaint was later consolidated with similar derivative complaints filed by purported shareholders Erin Candler and Kevin Rose under the caption In re XPO Logistics, Inc. Derivative Litigation. On December 12, 2019, the Court ordered plaintiffs to designate an operative complaint or file an amended complaint within 45 days. On January 27, 2020, plaintiffs designated the Jez complaint as the operative complaint in the consolidated cases. Defendants moved to dismiss the operative complaint on February 26, 2020. Rather than file a brief in opposition, on March 27, 2020, plaintiffs moved for leave to file a further amended complaint and to stay briefing on defendants’ motions to dismiss. The Court granted plaintiffs’ motion on July 6, 2020. On April 14, 2021, the Court issued an order staying proceedings pending resolution of an appeal in the Labul action. Plaintiffs stipulated that they will dismiss the shareholder derivative action with prejudice if the Labul dismissal is affirmed on appeal.
We believe these suits are without merit and we intend to defend the company vigorously. We are unable at this time to determine the amount of the possible loss or range of loss, if any, that we may incur as a result of these matters.
Item 1A. Risk Factors.
There are no material changes to the risk factors previously disclosed in Part I, Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.
During the quarters ended December 31, 2020 and March 31, 2021, following approvals by a disinterested special committee of our Board of Directors and the Audit Committee to the extent required by our policy on related party transactions, we entered into separate exchange agreements with certain holders of our preferred stock and warrants, including some of our directors and officers, pursuant to which (i) holders of our preferred stock exchanged their preferred shares for a combination of (x) our common stock, based on the number of shares of common stock into which our preferred stock was then convertible; and (y) a lump-sum cash payment that represented an approximation of the net present value of the future dividends required by the terms of our preferred stock to be paid by us; and (ii)

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holders of our warrants exchanged their warrants for the number of shares of our common stock that was equal to the number of shares of common stock that such holder would be entitled to receive upon an exercise of the warrants less the number of shares of our common stock that had an approximate value equal to the exercise price of the warrants, based on the formula set forth in the exchange agreements. With respect to the preferred stock, through December 31, 2020, 69,445 shares were exchanged, and we issued 9,920,709 shares of common stock and paid $22 million of cash. With respect to the warrants, through December 31, 2020, 283,394 warrants were exchanged, and we issued 266,590 shares of common stock. In the first quarter of 2021, 975 preferred shares were exchanged, and we issued 139,284 shares of common stock. With respect to the warrants, in the first quarter of 2021, 9,795,715 warrants were exchanged, and we issued 9,215,094 shares of common stock. The exchange transactions were made to simplify our equity capital structure, including in contemplation of our previously announced plan to pursue a spin-off of our Logistics segment.
The issuance of the shares of the Company’s common stock described above was made in reliance on the exemption from registration provided by Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, only to holders who are “accredited investors” within the meaning of Rule 501 of Regulation D promulgated under the Securities Act. The Company relied on this exemption from registration based in part on representations made by the holders of preferred stock and warrants that participated in the exchange transactions.
Item 3. Defaults upon Senior Securities.
None.
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.
Not applicable.
Item 5. Other Information.
None.

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Item 6. Exhibits.
Exhibit
Number
Description
10.1
31.1 *
31.2 *
32.1 **
32.2 **
101.INS *XBRL Instance Document - the instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document.
101.SCH *XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema.
101.CAL *XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase.
101.DEF *XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase.
101.LAB *XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase.
101.PRE *XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase.
104 *Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101).
*Filed herewith.
**Furnished herewith.


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SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
XPO LOGISTICS, INC.
By:/s/ Brad Jacobs
Brad Jacobs
Chief Executive Officer
(Principal Executive Officer)
By:/s/ David Wyshner
David Wyshner
Chief Financial Officer
(Principal Financial Officer)
Date: May 4, 2021

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