SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
|[X]||ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934|
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020
|[ ]||TRANSITION REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934|
Commission file number 000-50331
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
|(State or other jurisdiction of|
incorporation or organization)
|11753 Willard Avenue Tustin, California||92782|
|(Address of principal executive offices)||(Zip Code)|
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (714) 352-5315
Securities registered under Section 12(b) of the Act:
|Title of each class||Name of each exchange on which registered|
Securities registered under Section 12(g) of the Act:
Common Stock, $0.001 par value
(Title of class)
Indicate by checkmark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes [ ] No [X]
Indicate by checkmark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Act. Yes [ ] No [X]
Indicate by checkmark whether the registrant has (1) filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes [X] No [ ]
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes [X] No [ ]
Indicate by checkmark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. [ ]
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
|Large accelerated filer||[ ]||Accelerated filer||[ ]|
|Non-accelerated filer||[X]||Smaller reporting company||[X]|
|Emerging growth company||[ ]|
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. [ ]
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report. [ ]
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes [X] No [ ]
The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common stock, other than shares held by persons who may be deemed affiliates of the registrant, as of June 30, 2020, the last day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter, was $283,524.48, computed by reference to the closing sales price for the registrant’s common stock on June 30, 2020, as reported on The OTC Pink Market.
As of May 31, 2021, there were 12,960,621 outstanding shares of the registrant’s common stock, par value $0.001 per share.
Annual Report on Form 10-K
For the Fiscal-Year Ended December 31, 2020
TABLE OF CONTENTS
The statements contained in this report with respect to our financial condition, results of operations and business that are not historical facts are “forward-looking statements”. Forward-looking statements can be identified by the use of forward-looking terminology, such as “anticipate”, “believe”, “expect”, “plan”, “intend”, “seek”, “estimate”, “project”, “could”, “may” or the negative thereof or other variations thereon, or by discussions of strategy that involve risks and uncertainties. Management wishes to caution the reader of the forward-looking statements that any such statements that are contained in this report reflect our current beliefs with respect to future events and involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors, including, but not limited to, economic, competitive, regulatory, technological, key employees, and general business factors affecting our operations, markets, growth, services, products and other factors, some of which are described in this report and some of which are discussed in our other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. These forward-looking statements are only estimates or predictions. No assurances can be given regarding the achievement of future results, as actual results may differ materially as a result of risks facing our company, and actual events may differ from the assumptions underlying the statements that have been made regarding anticipated events.
Important factors to consider in evaluating any forward-looking statements include:
|●||our ability to diversify our operations;|
|●||our ability to implement our business plan;|
|●||our ability to attract key personnel;|
|●||our ability to operate profitably;|
|●||our ability to efficiently and effectively finance our operations, and/or purchase orders;|
|●||inability to achieve future sales levels or other operating results;|
|●||inability to raise additional financing for working capital;|
|●||inability to efficiently manage our operations;|
|●||the inability of management to effectively implement our strategies and business plans;|
|●||the unavailability of funds for capital expenditures and/or general working capital;|
|●||the fact that our accounting policies and methods are fundamental to how we report our financial condition and results of operations, and they may require management to make estimates about matters that are inherently uncertain;|
|●||deterioration in general or regional economic conditions;|
|●||changes in U.S. GAAP or in the legal, regulatory and legislative environments in the markets in which we operate;|
|●||adverse state or federal legislation or regulation that increases the costs of compliance, or adverse findings by a regulator with respect to existing operations;|
These risk factors should be considered in connection with any subsequent written or oral forward-looking statements that we or persons acting on our behalf may issue. All written and oral forward looking statements made in connection with this report that are attributable to our company or persons acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by these cautionary statements. Given these uncertainties, we caution investors not to unduly rely on our forward-looking statements. We do not undertake any obligation to review or confirm analysts’ expectations or estimates or to release publicly any revisions to any forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this report or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events, except as required by applicable law or regulation.
Notwithstanding the above, Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), expressly state that the safe harbor for forward-looking statements does not apply to companies that issue penny stock. If, as now, we are considered to be an issuer of penny stock, the safe harbor for forward-looking statements may not apply to us at certain times.
Throughout this report, unless otherwise designated, the terms “we,” “us,” “our,” “the Company” and “our company” refer to CalEthos, Inc., a Nevada corporation. All amounts are in U.S. Dollars, unless otherwise indicated.
Corporate History and Recent Developments
We were incorporated pursuant to the laws of the State of Nevada on March 20, 2002 under the name Integrated Brand Solutions Inc., and on February 6, 2006, we changed our name to Upstream Biosciences Inc. From 2006 to December 2009, our company operated as a biotechnology company, and from 2010 until May 2013, our company had no operating business.
On May 24, 2013, our then majority stockholders sold their interests in our company to RealSource Acquisition Group, LLC, a Utah limited liability company, and Chesterfield Faring Ltd., a New York corporation, and on July 11, 2013, we changed our corporate name to RealSource Residential, Inc. Our initial business strategy in 2013 was to engage in various real estate related businesses. However, in 2016 we disposed of all of our real estate and other assets and continued operations as a public “shell” company.
On September 12, 2018, M1 Advisors, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company controlled by Michael Campbell, our current Chief Executive Officer and a director of our company (“M1 Advisors”), acquired from certain then majority stockholders of our company an aggregate of 440,256 shares (after giving effect to the subsequent reverse stock split described below) of our common stock, which shares represented approximately 70% of the issued and outstanding shares of capital stock of our company at that time, for aggregate cash payments amounting to $260,000.
On September 12, 2018, following the closing of the change of control transaction described above, we entered into a Series A Preferred Stock Purchase Agreement (the “Preferred Purchase Agreement”) with M1 Advisors, Piers Cooper, our former President and director, and the other investors who were signatories thereto (collectively, the Purchasers”). Pursuant to the Preferred Purchase Agreement, the Purchasers purchased from us an aggregate of 15,600,544 shares of Series A preferred stock, par value $0.001 per share (“Series A Preferred Stock”), for an aggregate purchase price of $15,600.54, or $0.001 per share. Of the shares sold, 9,320,414 shares were purchased by M1 Advisors and 4,674,330 shares were purchased by Mr. Cooper. All of such shares of preferred stock were converted into shares of our common stock on December 20, 2018.
After the consummation of the change of control transaction and the sale of the Series A Preferred Stock on September 12, 2018 (the “Change of Control Transactions”), our company remained a shell company with no operating business. As a result of the September 12, 2018 transactions, our current executive officers and directors acquired effective control of our company and, in connection with such transactions, our board of directors determined to establish our company in the rapidly-growing legal cannabis industry, initially in the State of California. In order to fund such proposed business plan, we intend to raise additional funds from investors by issuing our common stock, preferred stock and/or debt securities to fund future operations, including the acquisition of manufacturing facilities and equipment.
On August 28, 2018, we filed a Certificate of Change to our Articles of Incorporation with the Secretary of State of the State of Nevada to (i) reduce our authorized shares of common stock from 100,000,000 shares to 4,000,000 shares and (ii) to effectuate a stock combination or reverse stock split whereby every 25 outstanding shares of our common stock were converted into one share of common stock. This amendment became effective on August 30, 2018. All share and per share amounts in this Report have been restated to give effect to such reverse stock split.
On December 20, 2018, we filed a Certificate of Amendment to our Articles of Incorporation with the Secretary of State of the State of Nevada to (i) change our corporate name from “RealSource Residential, Inc.” to “CalEthos, Inc.” and (ii) to increase our authorized shares of common stock from 4,000,000 shares to 100,000,000 shares. This amendment became effective immediately upon filing on December 20, 2018.
Plan of Operations
Immediately prior to the consummation of the Change of Control Transactions, our company was a shell company with no operating business. As a result of the Change of Control Transactions, Mr. Campbell acquired control of our company. It is the current intention of Mr. Campbell for our company to develop and manufacture a next generation high-performance computer system that is scalable, upgradeable and cost effective for processing cryptocurrencies, tokens and blockchain-based transactions. In order to fund our proposed business plan, we intend to raise funds from investors by issuing common stock, preferred stock and/or debt securities. Upon the consummation of such fundraising efforts and the commencement of such operations, it is expected that our company will cease being a shell company.
To enter into our proposed new business, we may seek to acquire one or more other companies that have businesses that are synergistic to our proposed business or to acquire all or a portion of the assets of such businesses. We may also engage employees, consultants or third parties to assist us in developing our own products or services.
This discussion of our proposed business is purposefully general and is not meant to be restrictive of our virtually unlimited discretion to search for and enter into potential business opportunities. Management anticipates that, initially, we may be able to participate in only one potential business venture because we have nominal assets and limited financial resources. This lack of diversification should be considered a substantial risk to our shareholders because it will not permit us to offset potential losses from one venture against gains from another.
We may seek a business opportunity with entities that have recently commenced operations, or that wish to utilize the public marketplace in order to raise additional capital in order to expand into new products or markets, to develop a new product or service, or for other corporate purposes. We may acquire assets and establish wholly-owned subsidiaries in various businesses or acquire existing businesses as subsidiaries.
We anticipate that the selection of a business opportunity in which to participate will be complex and extremely risky. Due to general economic conditions, rapid technological advances being made in some industries and shortages of available capital. Our management believes there are numerous firms seeking the perceived benefits of a publicly-registered corporation. Such perceived benefits may include facilitating or improving the terms on which additional equity financing may be sought, providing liquidity for incentive stock options or similar benefits to key employees, and providing liquidity (subject to restrictions of applicable statutes) for all shareholders, among other factors. Available business opportunities may occur in many different segments of the cryptocurrency or blockchain industry and at various stages of development, all of which will make the task of comparative investigation and analysis of such business opportunities extremely difficult and complex.
Our officers have only limited experience in managing a shell company similar to ours and will rely upon their own efforts in accomplishing our business purposes. Nevertheless, we anticipate we will locate and make contact with possible target businesses primarily through the efforts of our officers and directors, who will meet personally with existing management and key personnel, visit and inspect material facilities, assets, products and services belonging to such prospects, and undertake such further reasonable investigation as they deem appropriate. Management has a network of business contacts, including our outside lawyers and accountants, and believes that prospective target businesses will be referred to us through this network.
We also anticipate that prospective target businesses will be brought to our attention from various other non-affiliated sources, including securities broker-dealers, investment bankers, venture capitalists, bankers, and other members of the financial community. We have neither the present intention, nor does the present potential exist for us, to consummate a business combination with a target business in which our management or their affiliates or associates directly or indirectly have a pecuniary interest, although no existing corporate policies would prevent this from occurring. We may engage the services of professional firms that specialize in finding business acquisitions and pay a finder’s fee or other compensation.
The analysis of new business opportunities will be undertaken by, or under the supervision of, our officers and directors. In analyzing prospective business opportunities, management will consider such matters as the available technical, financial and managerial resources; working capital and other financial requirements; history of operations, if any; prospects for the future; nature of present and expected competition; the quality and experience of management services that may be available and the depth of that management; the potential for further research, development or exploration; specific risk factors not now foreseeable but that then may be anticipated to impact the proposed activities of our company; the potential for growth or expansion; the potential for profit; the perceived public recognition of, or acceptance of, products, services or trades; name identification; the regulatory landscape relating to the proposed business; and other relevant factors. Our officers and directors expect to meet personally with management and key personnel of the business opportunity as part of their investigation. To the extent possible, we intend to utilize written reports and investigation to evaluate the above factors. We will not acquire or merge with any company for which audited financial statements cannot be obtained within a reasonable period of time after closing of the proposed transaction. Our limited funds and the lack of full-time management, however, will likely make it impracticable to conduct a complete and exhaustive investigation and analysis of a target business before we commit our capital or other resources thereto. Management decisions, therefore, will likely be made without detailed feasibility studies, independent analysis, market surveys and the like which would be desirable if we had more funds available. We will be particularly dependent in making decisions upon information provided by the promoter, owner, sponsor or others associated with the business opportunity seeking our participation.
We will not restrict our search to any specific kind of business, but we may acquire a venture that is in its preliminary or development stage, which is already in operation, or in essentially any stage of its corporate life. It is impossible to predict at this time the status of any business in which we may become engaged, in that such business may need to seek additional capital, may desire to have its shares publicly traded, or may seek other perceived advantages which we may offer.
It is anticipated that we will incur expenses in the implementation of the business plan described herein, and such expenses may be substantial. However, we currently have only limited capital with which to pay these anticipated expenses.
The time and costs required to select and evaluate a target business (including conducting a due diligence review) and to structure and consummate the business combination (including negotiating relevant agreements and preparing requisite documents for filing pursuant to applicable securities laws and state “blue sky” and corporation laws) cannot presently be ascertained with any degree of certainty. Our officers and directors only devote a limited portion of their time to the operations of our company, and, accordingly, consummation of a business combination may require a greater period of time than if they devoted their full time to our company’s affairs. However, our officers and directors will devote such time as they deem reasonably needed.
In implementing a structure for a particular business opportunity, we may become a party to a merger, consolidation, reorganization, joint venture or licensing agreement with another corporation or entity. We may also acquire the stock or assets of an existing business. Upon the consummation of a transaction, it is possible that our present management and shareholders will no longer be in control of our company. In addition, our directors may, as part of the terms of the acquisition transaction, resign and be replaced by new directors without a vote of our current shareholders or may sell their stock in our company. Any and all such sales will only be made in compliance with the securities laws of the United States and any applicable state.
It is anticipated that any securities issued in any such reorganization will be issued in reliance upon exemption from registration under applicable federal and state securities laws. In some circumstances, however, as a negotiated element of its transaction, we may agree to register all or a part of such securities immediately after the transaction is consummated or at specified times thereafter. If such registration occurs, of which there can be no assurance, it will be undertaken by the surviving entity after we have successfully consummated a merger or acquisition and we are no longer considered a “shell” company. Until such time as this occurs, we do not intend to register any additional securities. The issuance of substantial additional securities and their potential sale into any trading market that may develop in our securities may have a depressive effect on the value of our securities in the future, if such a market develops, of which there is no assurance.
As a general rule, federal and state tax laws and regulations have a significant impact upon the structuring of business combinations. We will evaluate the possible tax consequences of any prospective business combination and will endeavor to structure a business combination so as to achieve the most favorable tax treatment for us, the target company and their respective stockholders. However, there can be no assurance that the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) or relevant state tax authorities will ultimately assent to our tax treatment of a particular consummated business combination.
To the extent the IRS or any relevant state tax authorities ultimately prevail in recharacterizing the tax treatment of a business combination, there may be adverse tax consequences to us, the target business and their respective stockholders. Tax considerations as well as other relevant factors will be evaluated in determining the precise structure of a particular business combination, which could be effected through various forms of a merger, consolidation or stock or asset acquisition.
While the actual terms of a transaction to which we may be a party cannot be predicted, it may be expected that the parties to the business transaction will find it desirable to avoid the creation of a taxable event and thereby structure the acquisition in a so-called “tax-free” reorganization under Sections 368(a) (1) or 351 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”). In order to obtain tax-free treatment under the Code, it may be necessary for the owners of the target business to own 80% or more of the voting stock of the surviving entity. In such event, our shareholders would retain less than 20% of the issued and outstanding shares of the surviving entity, which would result in significant dilution in the equity of such shareholders. Nonetheless, there can be no assurance that the IRS or relevant state tax authorities will ultimately assent to our tax treatment of a particular consummated business combination.
With respect to any merger or acquisition, negotiations with the target company’s management is expected to focus on the percentage of our company that the target company shareholders would acquire in exchange for all of their shareholdings in the target company. Depending upon, among other things, the target company’s assets and liabilities, it is possible that our shareholders will hold a substantially lesser percentage ownership interest in our company following any merger or acquisition. The percentage ownership may be subject to significant reduction in the event we acquire a target company with substantial assets. Any merger or acquisition effected by us can be expected to have a significant dilutive effect on the percentage of shares held by our then shareholders.
We will participate in a business opportunity only after the negotiation and execution of appropriate written agreements. Although the terms of such agreements cannot be predicted, generally such agreements will require some specific representations and warranties by all of the parties thereto, will specify certain events of default, will detail the terms of closing and the conditions which must be satisfied by each of the parties prior to and after such closing, will outline the manner of bearing costs, including costs associated with our attorneys and accountants, will set forth remedies on default and will include miscellaneous other terms.
As stated hereinabove, we will not acquire or merge with any entity that cannot provide independent audited financial statements within a reasonable period of time after closing of the proposed transaction. We are subject to all of the reporting requirements included in the Exchange Act. Included in these requirements is the affirmative duty to file independent audited financial statements as part of our Current Report on Form 8-K to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission upon consummation of a merger or acquisition, as well as the audited financial statements included in our annual report on Form 10-K. If such audited financial statements are not available at closing, or within time parameters necessary to insure our compliance with the requirements of the Exchange Act, or if the audited financial statements provided do not conform to the representations made by the candidate to be acquired in the closing documents, the closing documents will provide that the proposed transaction will be voidable, at the discretion of our present management.
We do not intend to provide our security holders with any complete disclosure documents, including audited financial statements, concerning an acquisition or merger candidate and its business prior to the consummation of any acquisition or merger transaction.
Our company will remain an insignificant participant among the firms that engage in the acquisition of business opportunities in the cryptocurrency and blockchain industry, particularly in the State of California. There are many established venture capital and financial concerns that have significantly greater financial and personnel resources and technical expertise than we have. In view of our combined extremely limited financial resources and limited management availability, we will continue to be at a significant competitive disadvantage compared to our competitors.
We have had in the past, and continue to have, discussions with potential acquisition targets, or merger or acquisition partners, and while we do not have a definitive agreement in place with any potential acquisition target or partner to do so, we anticipate issuing shares of our common stock, and possibly preferred stock, as part of any merger or acquisition with a merger or acquisition partner.
As we currently have no operations, this section is not applicable.
Currently we have no intellectual property.
We currently do not have any employees and our officers and directors are serving our company as consultants and independent contractors.
We are a smaller reporting company, as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act and are not required to provide the information under this item.
We do not own any real property. Our executive office is located at 11753 Willard Avenue, Tustin, California 92782, in the office of Michael Campbell, our Chief Executive Officer. We are not charged rent for the use of this space. We believe our existing facilities are sufficient for our current operations.
We know of no material active or pending legal proceeding against our company, nor are we involved as a plaintiff in any material proceeding or pending litigation.
Our common stock is listed for quotation on the OTC Pink Market under the trading symbol “BUUZ”. Trading in our common stock in the over-the-counter market has been limited and the quotations set forth below are not necessarily indicative of actual market values. The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, the high and low closing prices for each quarter within the last two fiscal years ended December 31, 2020 as reported by the quotation service operated by the OTC Markets Group. All quotations for the OTC Pink Market reflect inter-dealer prices, without retail mark-up, mark-down or commission and may not necessarily represent actual transactions.
|December 31, 2020||$||0.0200||$||0.0200|
|September 30, 2020||0.1100||0.1100|
|June 30, 2020||0.1100||0.1100|
|March 31 2020||1.2500||1.2500|
|December 31, 2019||1.1000||1.1000|
|September 30, 2019||1.1000||1.1000|
|June 30, 2019||1.6000||1.6000|
|March 31 2018||1.5000||1.5000|
On May 31, 2021, the closing price for our common stock on the OTC Pink Market as reported by the quotation service operated by the OTC Markets Group was $1.00.
Nevada Agency and Transfer Company is the registrar and transfer agent for our common shares. Their address is 50 West Liberty, Suite 880 Reno, Nevada, 89501 Telephone: 775-322-0626, Facsimile: 775-322-5623.
Holders of Our Common Stock
As of May 31, 2021, there were 52 registered holders of record of our common stock. As of such date, 12,960,621 shares of common stock were issued and outstanding. The number of our shareholders of record excludes any estimate by us of the number of beneficial owners of shares held in street name, the accuracy of which cannot be guaranteed.
We have not declared or paid any cash dividends since inception. Although there are no restrictions that limit our ability to pay dividends on our common shares, we do not intend to pay dividends for the foreseeable future.
Equity Compensation Plan Information
We currently do not have an equity compensation plan in place.
We are a “smaller reporting company” as defined by Regulation S-K and as such, are not required to provide the information contained in this item pursuant to Regulation S-K.
The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our audited financial statements and the related notes that appear elsewhere in this Annual report. The following discussion contains forward-looking statements that reflect our plans, estimates and beliefs. Our actual results could differ materially from those discussed in the forward looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include those discussed below and elsewhere in this Annual Report.
Our audited financial statements are stated in United States dollars and are prepared in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles.
Plan of Operations
Following the Change of Control Transactions, as described above, our board of directors determined to establish our company in the rapidly-growing legal California cannabis industry and as of December 31, 2020, in the high-performance computer industry focused on developing hardware solutions for cryptocurrency, tokens and blockchain-based transaction processing systems. As of the filing of this Report, our management is in the process of refining and finalizing the course of action needed to implement our proposed new business operations. As a result, management has not determined our actual short-term or long-term cash requirements, which management expects to be substantial.
We will require substantial financing to commence meaningful business operations and to achieve our goals, and a failure to obtain this necessary capital when needed on acceptable terms, or at all, could force us to delay, limit, reduce or terminate our product development plans, any commercialization efforts or other operations. We may not be able to secure financing on favorable terms, or at all, to meet our future capital needs. In addition, even if we are able to obtain sufficient funding to commence our business operations, we may need to pursue additional financing in the future to make expenditures and/or investments to support the growth of our business and may require additional capital to pursue our business objectives and respond to new competitive pressures, pay extraordinary expenses or fund our growth, including through acquisitions. Additional funds, however, may not be available when we need them on terms that are acceptable to us, or at all. If we are unable to obtain adequate financing or financing on terms satisfactory to us when we require it, our ability to commence our proposed business operations, to continue to grow and support our business and to respond to business challenges could be significantly limited.
Over the course of 2019 and the first three quarters of 2020, our Chief Executive Officer, Michael Campbell, and our former President, Piers Cooper, developed a plan to build a chain of large-format retail stores and event centers facilities to serve the needs of the rapidly-growing Southern California cannabis market. During such period, we entered into various agreements to purchase or lease facilities for our initial retail store and event center, which would have required us to raise substantial capital to acquire the necessary governmental licenses and permits, buildout, furnish and equip our initial retail store and event center and for working capital. Due primarily to a downturn in the equity markets for cannabis-related companies and the effects and impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, we were unable to raise the capital during that period necessary to build that business. As a result, management determined to seek other business opportunities for our company.
It is the current intention of the board of directors for our company to develop and manufacture a next generation high-performance computer system that is scalable, upgradeable, and cost effective for processing cryptocurrencies, tokens and blockchain-based transactions.
Results of Operations for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019
The following summary should be read in conjunction with our audited financial statements for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019
|For the years ended December 31,|
|General and administrative||51,000||40,000|
|Loss on extinguishment of series A convertible preferred stock|
For the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, we had no revenues.
Our operating expenses decreased from $1,194,000 in year ended December 31, 2019 to $391,000 in the year ended December 31, 2020, which represented a decrease of $803,000. The decrease was attributable to the (1) lower consultant fees since there are no warrants granted during the year for the services rendered by the consultants compared to the prior year which approximates to $577,000, (2) the use of legal services for approximately $42,000, (3) accounting and auditing fees for approximately $80,000, and (3) general and administrative expenses for approximately $51,000.
Our financing cost of approximately $227,000 is attributable to the amortization of the relative fair value of warrants, original issue discount, the value ascribed to the beneficial conversion all of which related to the issuance of convertible debentures and interest on default convertible notes.
Loss on extinguishment of series A convertible preferred stock
Our loss on extinguishment of series A convertible preferred stock of approximately $138,000 is attributable to the difference between the fair value of the issued Notes as an extinguishment and book basis of the series A preferred stock, and the fair value of the warrants issued.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Our financial position as of December 31:
|For the years ended December 31,|
|Working (Deficit) Capital||$||(1,323,000||)||$||(561,000||)|
Working capital decreased from a $561,000 deficit as of December 31, 2019 to a deficit of $1,323,000 as of December 31, 2020 for a total change of $(762,000). The change was a result of our increase in accruals for services rendered by consultants and legal counsel during the year ended December 31, 2020. Also, the issuance of convertible debentures with a face value of $213,000, which included an original issue discount of $6,000 and $147,000 from conversion of series A preferred stock, for net proceeds of $60,000. The net proceeds were allocated between the relative fair value of $3,000 for the associated warrants issued and $0 associated with the beneficial conversion feature of the convertible debentures.
|For the years ended December 31,|
|Net cash used by operating activities||$||(183,000||)||$||(418,000||)|
|Net cash provided by investing activities||−||12,000|
|Net cash provided by financing activities||60,000||529,000|
|Change in cash during the period||(123,000||)||123,000|
|Cash, beginning of period||123,000||−|
|Cash, end of period||$||−||$||123,000|
Cash used in operating activities decreased by approximately $235,000, which predominantly related to lower legal and consultant fees incurred during the year. Operating activities used $418,000 in cash for the year ended December 31, 2019 for operating expenses.
Cash provided by financing activities related to the approximately $60,000 from the sale of our convertible promissory notes.
The audited financial statements included in this Report have been prepared on a going concern basis, which implies that our company will continue to realize its assets and discharge its liabilities and commitments in the normal course of business. We are a “shell company” with no meaningful assets or operations presently. Our company has not generated revenues in the last two fiscal years, has never paid any dividends and is unlikely to pay dividends or generate earnings in the immediate or foreseeable future. The continuation of our company as a going concern is dependent upon: (i) continued financial support from our shareholders; (ii) the ability of our company to continue raising necessary debt or equity financing to achieve its operating objectives; and (iii) our ability to acquire assets and establish a business or merge or otherwise acquire business opportunities.
Our independent auditors included an explanatory paragraph in their report on our financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2020 regarding concerns about our ability to continue as a going concern. In addition, our financial statements contain further note disclosures in this regard. The implementation of our business plan is dependent upon our ability to continue raising sufficient new capital from equity or debt markets in order to fund our on-going operating losses and real estate acquisition activities. The issuance of additional equity securities could result in a significant dilution in the equity interests of our current stockholders.
Application of Critical Accounting Policies
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with United States generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying disclosures of our company. Although these estimates are based on management’s knowledge of current events and actions that our company may undertake in the future, actual results may differ from such estimates.
Basis of Presentation
The financial statements and related notes included in this Annual Report are presented in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles (“US GAAP”) and are expressed in US dollars.
Use of Estimates and Assumptions
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with US GAAP requires our management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. We base our estimates and assumptions on current facts, historical experience and various other factors that it believes to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities and the accrual of costs and expenses that are readily apparent from other sources. The actual results experienced by our company may differ materially from our management’s estimates. To the extent there are material differences, future results may be affected. Estimates used in preparing these financial statements include the fair value of share-based payments, deferred income taxes, financial instruments and assumptions relating to going concern.
We use the asset and liability method of accounting for income taxes. Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on temporary differences between the financial statements and the tax basis of assets and liabilities, and net operating loss carry forwards based on using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which the differences are expected to reverse. The effect of a change in tax rates on deferred tax assets and liabilities is recognized in income in the year that includes the enactment date. Deferred tax assets are only recognized to the extent that it is considered more likely than not that the assets will be realized.
Earnings (Loss) Per Share
Basic earnings (loss) per share is computed by dividing the net loss by the weighted average number of outstanding common shares during the year. Diluted loss per share gives effect to all potentially dilutive common shares outstanding during the year, including convertible debt, stock options and share purchase warrants, using the treasury stock method. The computation of diluted loss per share does not assume conversion, exercise or contingent exercise of securities that would have an anti-dilutive effect on loss per share.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
We do not believe that any recently issued, but not yet effective accounting standards if currently adopted, will have a material effect on our financial statements.
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
We have no significant off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future effect on our financial condition, changes in financial position, revenues and expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources that are material to stockholders.
As a “smaller reporting company” as defined by Item 10 of Regulation S-K, we are not required to provide this information.
Our financial statements and notes thereto and the reports of RBSM LLP, our independent registered public accounting firm, are set forth on pages F-1 through F-18 of this Report.
Disclosure Controls and Procedures
As required by paragraph (b) of Rules 13a-15 or 15d-15 under the Exchange Act, our principal executive officer and principal financial officer evaluated our company’s disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) of the Exchange Act) as of the end of the period covered by this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Based on this evaluation, these officers concluded that as of the end of the period covered by this Annual Report on Form 10-K, these disclosure controls and procedures were not effective.
The conclusion that our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective was due to the presence of material weaknesses in internal control over financial reporting as identified below under the heading “Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting.” Management anticipates that such disclosure controls and procedures will not be effective until the material weaknesses are remediated.
Because of the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues, if any, within our company have been detected. These inherent limitations include the realities that judgments in decision-making can be faulty and that breakdown can occur because of simple error or mistake.
Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) of the Exchange Act) for our company. Our internal control over financial reporting is designed to provide reasonable assurance, not absolute assurance, regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America. Internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that: (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of our assets; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America, and that our receipts and expenditures are being made only in accordance with authorizations of our management and directors; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of our assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. In addition, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions and that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
Our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, conducted an evaluation of the design and operation of our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2020 based on the criteria set forth in Internal Control - Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. This evaluation included review of the documentation of controls, evaluation of the design effectiveness of controls, testing of the operating effectiveness of controls and a conclusion on this evaluation. Based on this evaluation, our management concluded our internal control over financial reporting was not effective as at December 31, 2020 due to the following material weaknesses which are indicative of many small companies with small staff: (i) inadequate segregation of duties and effective risk assessment; (ii) insufficient written policies and procedures for accounting and financial reporting with respect to the requirements and application of both US GAAP and SEC guidelines; (iii) inadequate security and restricted access to computer systems including insufficient disaster recovery plans; and (iv) no written whistle-blower policy.
We plan to take steps to enhance and improve the design of our internal controls over financial reporting when our company has sufficient staff to allocate responsibilities. During the period covered by this Report, we have not been able to remediate the material weaknesses identified above. To remediate such weaknesses, we plan to implement the following changes once our financial resources will support the required staffing level: (i) appoint additional qualified personnel to address inadequate segregation of duties and ineffective risk management; (ii) adopt sufficient written policies and procedures for accounting and financial reporting and a whistle-blower policy; and (iii) implement sufficient security and restricted access measures regarding our computer systems and implement a disaster recovery plan. The remediation efforts set out in (i) and (iii) are largely dependent upon our company securing additional financing to cover the costs of implementing the changes required. If we are unsuccessful in securing such funds, remediation efforts may be adversely effected in a material manner.
This Report does not include an attestation report of our independent registered public accounting firm regarding internal control over financial reporting. Our internal control over financial reporting was not subject to attestation by our independent registered public accounting firm pursuant to temporary rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission that permit us to provide only management’s report in this Report.
Because of the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues, if any, within our company have been detected. These inherent limitations include the realities that judgments in decision-making can be faulty and that breakdowns can occur because of simple error or mistake.
Changes In Internal Control Over Financial Reporting.
There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting during the year ended December 31, 2020 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
Directors and Executive Officers
At May 31, 2021, our directors and executive officers, their ages and their positions held with our company were as follows:
|Name||Age||Position(s) Held with the Company|
|Michael Campbell||65||Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer|
|Dean S. Skupen||60||Chief Financial Officer|
There are no arrangements between our directors and any other person pursuant to which our directors were nominated or elected for their positions. There are no family relationships among our directors or officers.
The following biographical information regarding our directors and executive officers.
Michael Campbell. Mr. Campbell became our Chief Executive Officer on September 12, 2018. For the past 19 years, Mr. Campbell has been the managing director of M1 Advisors LLC, a business advisory and consulting firm that has engineered, orchestrated and provided support and services to numerous private-to-public transitions, debt and equity financings and hyper-organic-growth and consolidation strategies in a wide range of industries. In addition, from December 2011 to February 2017, Mr. Campbell was the Chief Executive Officer and a director of NXChain, Inc., a publicly-traded start-up shell company in the cryptocurrency business that was a successor to AgriVest Americas Inc., a publicly-traded start-up shell company that sought to acquire cattle ranches in Brazil for conversion to soybean farms. Mr. Campbell spent the first 20 years of his career in the high-tech industry creating and operating various companies that included a computer retailing operation, data-storage peripheral company with three computer disk-drive manufacturing companies through joint ventures with the Russian, Chinese and Spanish governments, a specialized call-center company for telco broadband provisioning and an online broadband services ordering and order aggregation company with the Regional Bell Operating Companies.
Dean S. Skupen. Mr. Skupen became our Chief Financial Officer on September 12, 2018. Mr. Skupen is a business advisor who has provided various financial accounting services to, or acted as the Interim Chief Financial Officer for, a number of public companies since 2010. Prior to that, he was a Partner at Stonefield Josephson, Inc. (now Marcum, LLP), an accounting firm with five offices throughout California where he provided auditing and consulting services to public companies and to privately-held entrepreneurial companies transitioning to public ownership in diverse industries. Mr. Skupen graduated from the University of Southern California with a Bachelor of Science degree in Accounting. In addition, he is licensed as a Certified Public Accountant in the State of California.
All of our officers are currently serving in such capacities as consultants to our company, and we presently have no employees. Our officers and directors are also engaged in outside business activities. Our officers and directors, other than Mr. Campbell, anticipate that they will devote limited time to our business until we are no longer a “shell” company and are engaged in an active trade or business The specific amount of time that management will devote to our company may vary from week to week or even day to day, and therefore the specific amount of time that management will devote to our company on a weekly basis cannot be ascertained with any level of certainty. In all cases, management intends to spend as much time as is necessary to exercise its fiduciary duties as officers and directors of our company.
Involvement in Certain Legal Proceedings
None of our directors and executive officers have been involved in any of the following events during the past ten years:
|1.||any bankruptcy petition filed by or against any business of which such person was a general partner or executive officer either at the time of the bankruptcy or within two years prior to that time;|
|2.||any conviction in a criminal proceeding or being subject to a pending criminal proceeding (excluding traffic violations and other minor offences);|
|3.||being subject to any order, judgment, or decree, not subsequently reversed, suspended or vacated, of any court of competent jurisdiction, permanently or temporarily enjoining, barring, suspending or otherwise limiting his involvement in any type of business, securities or banking activities;|
|4.||being found by a court of competent jurisdiction (in a civil action), the Securities and Exchange Commission or the Commodity Futures Trading Commission to have violated a federal or state securities or commodities law, where the judgment has not been reversed, suspended, or vacated;|
|5.||being the subject of, or a party to, any federal or state judicial or administrative order, judgment, decree, or finding, not subsequently reversed, suspended or vacated, relating to an alleged violation of (i) any federal or state securities or commodities law or regulation; (ii) any law or regulation respecting financial institutions or insurance companies including, but not limited to, a temporary or permanent injunction, order of disgorgement or restitution, civil money penalty or temporary or permanent cease- and-desist order, or removal or prohibition order; or (iii) any law or regulation prohibiting mail or wire fraud or fraud in connection with any business entity; or being the subject of, or a party to, any sanction or order, not subsequently reversed, suspended or vacated, of any self-regulatory organization (as defined in Section 3(a)(26) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934), any registered entity (as defined in Section 1(a)(29) of the Commodity Exchange Act), or any equivalent exchange, association, entity or organization that has disciplinary authority over its members or persons associated with a member.|
We currently have only one director: Michael Campbell. We have determined that Mr. Campbell is not an independent director, as that term is used in the Nasdaq Listing Rules of the Nasdaq Stock Market LLC. Once we have acquired significant assets and are no longer a “shell” company, we will appoint one or more independent directors to our board of directors.
We do not have a standing Audit Committee. We do not believe that the lack of an Audit Committee has had or will have any adverse effect on our financial statements, based upon current operations; however, our board of directors will consider establishing an Audit Committee of independent directors as the number of directors increases. Until such time, our board of directors will perform the duties of an Audit Committee including delegating an auditor firm and interacting with them.
We do not have a standing Compensation Committee. Presently, our executive officers, who constitute our only employees, do not take salary or other benefits from our company. As we continue to develop our initial products and commence selling such products on a wholesale or retail basis, we expect to increase the size of our board to include independent directors who will approve the compensation arrangements with our executive officers.
We also do not have a Nominating Committee as we have not adopted any procedures by which security holders may recommend nominees to our board of directors.
Code of Ethics
Effective January 29, 2004, our Board of Directors adopted a Code of Business Conduct and Ethics that applies to, among other persons, members of our board of directors, our company’s officers, contractors, consultants and advisors. We will provide a copy of the Code of Business Conduct and Ethics to any person without charge, upon request. Requests can be sent to our company at the address on the cover of this Annual Report.
Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Compliance
Section 16(a) of the Securities Exchange Act requires our executive officers and directors, and persons who own more than 10% of our common stock, to file reports regarding ownership of, and transactions in, our securities with the Securities and Exchange Commission and to provide us with copies of those filings. Based solely on our review of the copies of such forms received by us, or written representations from certain reporting persons, and without conducting any independent investigation of our own we believe that during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020, all filing requirements applicable to our officers, directors and greater than 10% percent beneficial owners were complied with.
The following table sets forth all compensation awarded to, earned by or paid to the chief executive officer (“CEO”) of our company during the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019. No compensation was paid to any other executive officer of our company during such periods.
SUMMARY COMPENSATION TABLE
|Name and Principal Position||Fiscal|
|Stock Awards ($)||Option Awards|
|Non-Equity Incentive Plan Compensation|
|Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Earnings|
|All Other Compensation ($)||Total|
|Chief Executive Officer||2019||-||-||-||-||-||-||180,000||(1)||180,000||(1)|
|(1)||Represents amounts earned by Mr. Campbell under his consulting agreement.|
Outstanding Equity Awards At Annual Period End
There were no outstanding equity awards at December 31, 2020.
Aggregated Option Exercises
There were no options exercised by any officer or director of our company during the year ended December 31, 2020.
Long-Term Incentive Plan
Currently, our company does not have a long-term incentive plan in favor of any director, officer, consultant or employee of our company.
No director compensation was paid during the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 in the form of cash expenses, stock awards, option awards, non-equity incentive plan compensation, pension value and nonqualified deferred compensation earnings or any other type of compensation. We do not currently pay any cash fees to our directors, nor do we pay directors’ expenses in attending board meetings.
We are not presently a party to any employment agreements.
Pension and Retirement Plans
Currently, we do not offer any annuity, pension or retirement benefits to be paid to any of our officers, directors or employees, in the event of retirement.
The following table sets forth, as of May 31, 2021, the names, addresses and number of shares of common stock beneficially owned by (i) all persons known to our management to be beneficial owners of more than 5% of the outstanding shares of our common stock, (ii) each director of our company, (iii) each named Executive Officer and (iv) all executive officers and directors of our company as a group (except as indicated, each beneficial owner listed exercises sole voting power and sole dispositive power over the shares beneficially owned):
|Name and Address of||Beneficial||Percent|
|Beneficial Owner||Ownership||of Class(1)|
|M1 Advisors LLC(2)||8,954,199||69.0||%|
|Michael B. Campbell(2)||8,954,199||69.0||%|
|All executive officers and directors as a group (2 persons)||9,204,199||71.0||%|
The Cooper Family Living Trust Dtd 7/20/98 (4)
|(1)||As of May 31, 2021 there were 12,960,621 shares of common stock outstanding. Except as indicated in the footnotes to this table, we believe that all persons named in the table have sole voting and investment power with respect to all common stock shown as beneficially owned by them. In accordance with the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “Commission”), a person or entity is deemed to be the beneficial owner of common stock that can be acquired by such person or entity within sixty (60) days upon the exercise of options or warrants or other rights to acquire common stock. Each beneficial owner’s percentage ownership is determined by assuming that options and warrants that are held by such person (but not those held by any other person) and which are exercisable within sixty (60) days have been exercised. The inclusion herein of such shares listed as beneficially owned does not constitute an admission of beneficial ownership.|
Represents shares of common stock owned of record by M1 Advisors LLC. The address of Michael B. Campbell and M1 Advisors LLC is 11753 Willard Avenue, Tustin, CA 92782. Mr. Campbell is the sole manager of M1 Advisors LLC.
|(3)||Represents shares of common stock of record by DSS Consulting Corporation, a company controlled by Mr. Skupen. The address of DSS Consulting Corporation is 2945 Townsgate Road, Suite 200, West Lake Village CA 91361.|
Piers and Sally Cooper are the trustees of The Cooper Family Living Trust Dtd 7/20/98. The address of the trust is 452 Lakeview Way, Emerald Hills, CA 94062.
To the best of our knowledge, except as set forth below, during the last fiscal year, there were no material transactions, or series of similar transactions, or any currently proposed transactions, or series of similar transactions, to which we were or are to be a party, in which the amount involved exceeds $120,000 or one percent of the average total assets at year end for each of the last two fiscal years, and in which any director or executive officer, or any security holder who is known by us to own of record or beneficially more than 5% of any class of our common stock, or any member of the immediate family of any of the foregoing persons, has an interest.
The aggregate fees billed for professional services rendered by RBSM LLP, our principal accountants for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, for the audit of financial statements, quarterly reviews of our interim financial statements and services normally provided by the independent accountant in connection with statutory and regulatory filings or engagements for these periods were as follows:
|For the Years ended December 31,|
|Audit Fees and Audit Related Fees||$||15,000||$||10,000|
|All Other Fees||—||—|
In the above table, “audit fees” are fees billed by our company’s external auditor for services provided in auditing our company’s financial statements for the periods indicated above. “Audit-related fees” are fees not included in audit fees that are billed by the auditor for assurance and related services, including quarterly reviews, that are reasonably related to the performance of the audit of our company’s financial statements. “Tax fees” are fees billed by the auditor for professional services rendered for tax compliance, tax advice and tax planning. “All other fees” are fees billed by the auditor for products and services not included in the foregoing categories.
Our board of directors pre-approves all services provided by our independent auditors. All of the above services and fees were reviewed and approved by our board of directors either before or after the respective services were rendered.
|**||Furnished. Not filed. Not incorporated by reference. Not subject to liability.|
|***||A signed original of this written statement required by Section 906 has been provided to the Company and will be retained by the Company and furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission or its staff upon request.|
Pursuant to the requirements of the Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized on the 30th day of June 2021.
|By:||/s/ Michael Campbell|
|Title:||Chief Executive Officer|
|(Principal Executive Officer)|
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.
|/s/ Michael Campbell||Chief Executive Officer and Director||Date: June 30, 2021|
|Michael Campbell||(Principal Executive Officer)|
|/s/ Dean S. Skupen||Chief Financial Officer||Date: June 30, 2021|
|Dean S. Skupen||(Principal Accounting Officer)|
For the Years Ended December 31, 2020 and 2019
Index to the Financial Statements
To the Board of Directors and Stockholders of CalEthos, Inc.
Opinion on the Financial Statements
We have audited the accompanying balance sheets of CalEthos, Inc. (the “Company”), a Nevada corporation, as of December 31, 2020 and 2019, and the related statements of operations, changes in stockholders’ (deficit) equity and cash flows for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the financial statements). In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2020 and 2019, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.
Explanatory Paragraph – Going Concern
The accompanying financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern. As described in Note 1, the Company had an accumulated deficit at December 31, 2020, a net loss and periodic cash flow difficulties for year ended December 31, 2020. Those conditions raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. Management’s plans in regards to these matters are also described in Note 1. The financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.
Basis for Opinion
These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (the “PCAOB”) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audit, we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.
Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audit also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.
Critical Audit Matters
Critical audit matters are matters arising from the current period audit of the financial statements that were communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that: (1) relate to accounts or disclosures that are material to the financial statements and (2) involved our especially challenging, subjective, or complex judgments. We determined that there are no critical audit matters.
We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2018.
/s/ RBSM LLP
June 30, 2020
As of December 31,
|Cash and cash equivalents||$||–||$||123,000|
|LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT|
|Accounts payable and accrued expenses||$||611,000||$||363,000|
|Notes payable, net||11,000||-|
|Convertible promissory notes, net||703,000||323,000|
|Series A convertible preferred stock, par value $0.001, 3,600,000 shares authorized, 85,975 issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2019 (liquidation value of $119,000)||–||–|
|Preferred stock par value $0.001, 100,000,000 shares authorized, no shares issued and outstanding||–||–|
|Common stock par value $0.001, 100,000,000 shares authorized; 16,634,951 and 16,634,951, respectively, shares issued and outstanding||17,000||17,000|
|Additional paid-in capital||8,744,000||8,750,000|
|Stock subscription receivable||(2,000||)||(2,000||)|
|Total Stockholders’ Deficit||(1,323,000||)||(561,000||)|
|Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Deficit||$||2,000||$||125,000|
These accompanying notes are integral to the financial statements
Statements of Operations
For the Years Ended December 31,
|General and administrative expenses||51,000||40,000|
|Total operating expenses||391,000||1,194,000|
|Loss from operations||(391,000||)||(1,194,000||)|
|Loss on extinguishment of series A convertible preferred stock||(138,000||)||–|
|Loss before provision for income taxes||(756,000||)||(1,499,000||)|
|Provision for income taxes||–||–|
|Deemed dividend on conversion price reset of preferred stock series A||–||(36,000||)|
|Net Loss attributable to common stockholders||$||(756,000||)||$||(1,535,000||)|
|Net loss per share, basic and diluted||$||(0.05||)||$||(0.09||)|
|Weighted average common shares outstanding – basic and diluted||16,634,951||16,634,951|
These accompanying notes are integral to the financial statements
Statement of Changes in Stockholders’ Deficit
For the Years Ended December 31, 2020 and 2019
Series A Convertible
|Common Stock||Additional Paid-In||Stock Subscription||Accumulated|
|Balance, January 1, 2019||35,975||$||–||16,634,951||$||17,000||$||7,660,000||$||(16,000||)||$||(7,827,000||)||$||(166,000||)|
|Proceeds from the sale of series A convertible preferred stock||50,000||–||–||–||69,000||–||–||69,000|
|Relative fair value of warrants issued with convertible promissory notes||–||–||–||–||205,000||–||–||205,000|
|Beneficial conversion feature (“BCF”) associated with convertible promissory notes||–||–||–||–||239,000||–||–||239,000|
|Stock options issued for services||–||–||–||–||577,000||–||–||577,000|
|Conversion price reset for preferred stock series A||–||–||–||–||36,000||–||–||36,000|
|Deemed dividend on conversion price reset of preferred stock series A||–||–||–||–||(36,000||)||–||–||(36,000||)|
|Deposits from issuance of founder preferred shares||–||–||–||–||–||14,000||–||14,000|
|Balance, December 31, 2019||85,975||$||–||16,634,951||$||17,000||$||8,750,000||$||(2,000||)||$||(9,326,000||)||$||(561,000||)|
|Conversion of series A preferred stock to convertible promissory notes||(85,975||)||–||–||–||(119,000||)||–||–||(119,000||)|
|Fair value of warrants issued with the conversion of series A convertible preferred stock||–||–||–||–||52,000||–||–||52,000|
|Debt premium on convertible promissory notes issued for conversion of series A convertible preferred stock||–||–||–||–||58,000||–||–||58,000|
|Relative fair value of warrants issued with convertible promissory notes||–||–||–||–||3,000||–||–||3,000|
|Balance, December 31, 2020||–||$||–||16,634,951||$||17,000||$||8,744,000||$||(2,000||)||$||(10,082,000||)||$||(1,323,000||)|
These accompanying notes are integral to the financial statements
Statements of Cash Flows
For the Years Ended December 31,
|Cash flows from operating activities|
|Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:|
|Amortization of convertible promissory notes discounts||188,000||305,000|
|Loss on conversion of convertible preferred stock||86,000||–|
|Fair value of warrants issued with convertible promissory notes||52,000||–|
|Fair value of equity-based compensation||–||577,000|
|Changes in operating asset and liabilities|
|Accounts payable and accrued expenses||248,000||199,000|
|Net cash used in operating activities||(182,000||)||(418,000||)|
|Cash flows from investing activity|
|Cash held by officer||–||12,000|
|Net cash provided by investing activity||–||12,000|
|Cash flows from financing activities|
|Proceeds from the issuance of convertible promissory notes||49,000||460,000|
|Proceeds from the issuance of notes payable||10,000||-|
|Proceeds from issuance of convertible preferred stock||–||69,000|
|Net cash provided by financing activities||59,000||529,000|
|Net change in cash||(123,000||)||123,000|
|Cash at beginning of reporting period||123,000||–|
|Cash at end of reporting period||$||–||$||123,000|
|Supplemental disclosure of cash flows information|
|Income tax paid||$||–||$||–|
|Supplemental disclosure of non-cash financing activities:|
|Conversion of series A preferred stock to convertible promissory notes||$||119,000||$||–|
|Fair value of warrants issued with the conversion of series A convertible preferred stock||$||52,000||$||–|
|Debt premium on issuance of convertible promissory notes for conversion of series A convertible preferred stock||$||58,000||$||–|
|Relative fair value of warrants issued with convertible notes||$||3,000||$||205,000|
|Beneficial conversion feature issued with convertible notes||$||–||$||239,000|
|Stock subscription receivable||$||–||$||(14,000||)|
These accompanying notes are integral to the financial statements
Notes to the Financial Statements
For the Years Ended December 31, 2020 and 2019
Note 1 - Organization and Accounting Policies
CalEthos, Inc. (the “Company”) was incorporated on March 20, 2002 under the laws of the State of Nevada. Since the second quarter of 2016, the Company has been a “shell” company, as defined in Rule 12b-2 under the Exchange Act.
On December 20, 2018, we filed a Certificate of Amendment to our Articles of Incorporation with the Secretary of State of the State of Nevada to change the Company name from “RealSource Residential, Inc.” to “CalEthos, Inc.”. This amendment became effective immediately upon filing on December 20, 2018.
Change in Control
On May 16, 2018, certain majority stockholders of the Company, including certain former directors and officers of the Company, entered into a stock purchase agreement dated May 16, 2018 (the “Control Purchase Agreement”) with RealSource Acquisition Group, LLC, a Utah limited liability company (“RealSource Acquisition”), whereby RealSource Acquisition agreed to purchase an aggregate of 11,006,356 shares (440,256 shares after giving effect to the Reverse Stock Split (see Note 3) (the “Control Shares”) of the Company’s issued and outstanding shares of common stock for an aggregate purchase price of $180,000. Immediately prior to the closing under the Control Purchase Agreement on September 12, 2018 (the “Closing Date”), RealSource Acquisition assigned its rights under the Control Purchase Agreement to M1 Advisors, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“M1 Advisors”), pursuant to a purchase agreement and assignment and assumption of contract rights dated as of August 28, 2018 between RealSource Acquisition and M1 Advisors. M1 Advisors paid RealSource Acquisition $80,000 as consideration for such assignment.
Effective on the Closing Date, and in accordance with the amended and restated by laws of the Company and the requirements of the Control Purchase Agreement, (a) each of Michael S. Anderson, Nathan W. Hanks and V. Kelly Randall resigned as directors of the Company, (b) Michael Campbell, the sole member of M1 Advisors, and Piers Cooper were elected to the Company’s board of directors, and (c) Mr. Hanks also resigned as president and chief executive officer of the Company, Mr. Randall also resigned as chief operating office and chief financial officer of the Company, Mr. Campbell was appointed the chief executive officer of the Company and Piers Cooper was appointed president of the Company.
On the Closing Date, the Company entered into a series A preferred stock purchase agreement dated as of the Closing Date (the “Preferred Purchase Agreement”) with M1 Advisors, which is an entity controlled by Michael Campbell, the Company’s chief executive officer and a director of the Company at such time, Piers Cooper, the Company’s president and a director of the Company at such time, the members of RealSource Acquisition, and the other investors who were signatories thereto (collectively, the Purchasers”). Pursuant to the Preferred Purchase Agreement, the Company sold to the Purchasers an aggregate of 15,600,544 shares of the Company’s series A preferred stock, which has since been re-designated as Founder preferred stock (“Founder Preferred Stock”), for an aggregate purchase price of $16,000, or $0.001 per share. Of the Founder Preferred Stock purchased, 9,320,414 shares were purchased by M1 Advisors, 4,674,330 shares were purchased by Mr. Cooper and an aggregate of 1,195,000 shares were purchased by the members of RealSource Acquisition or their assigns.
Immediately following the above transactions, an aggregate of 15,600,544 shares of Founder Preferred Stock and 630,207 shares of common stock was issued and outstanding. At such time, the shares of Founder Preferred Stock and common stock owned by M1 Advisors represented approximately 60.14% of the issued and outstanding shares of capital stock of the Company on a fully-diluted basis and the shares of Founder Preferred Stock owned by Mr. Cooper represented approximately 28.80% of the issued and outstanding shares of capital stock of the Company on a fully-diluted basis. The shares of Founder Preferred Stock acquired by M1 Advisors were purchased with funds that M1 Advisors borrowed from another entity controlled by Mr. Campbell.
Following the change in control, as described above, the board of directors determined to establish the Company in the rapidly-growing cannabis industry, initially in the State of California. As of December 31, 2020, the primary activity of the Company’s management is to develop and implement a plan to manufacture high-performance computer systems that are scalable, upgradeable and cost effective for processing cryptocurrencies, tokens and blockchain-based transactions, and if other opportunities warrant, acquire assets and all or part of other companies operating in the cryptocurrency mining hardware industry and or invest or joint venture with other more established companies already in the industry. The Company will not restrict its search to any specific business, segment of the cryptocurrency mining hardware industry or geographical location and the Company may participate in a business venture of virtually any kind or nature that is beneficial to the Company and its shareholders.
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) and assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern. The Company has no established operations as of December 31, 2020.
The Management of the Company is responsible for the selection and use of appropriate accounting policies and the appropriateness of accounting policies and their application. Critical accounting policies and practices are those that are both most important to the portrayal of the Company’s financial condition and results and require management’s most difficult, subjective, or complex judgments, often as a result of the need to make estimates about the effects of matters that are inherently uncertain. The Company’s significant and critical accounting policies and practices are disclosed below as required by generally accepted accounting principles.
Going Concern and Liquidity
The Company incurred a net loss of approximately $756,000 for the year ended December 31, 2020, and had an accumulated deficit of approximately $10,082,000 as of December 31, 2020. The Company has financed its activities principally through debt and equity financing and shareholder contributions. Management expects to incur additional losses and cash outflows in the foreseeable future in connection with its operating activities.
The Company’s financial statements have been presented on a going concern basis, which contemplates the realization of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business.
The Company is subject to a number of risks similar to those of other similar stage companies, including dependence on key individuals; successful development, marketing and branding of products; uncertainty of product development and generation of revenues; dependence on outside sources of financing; risks associated with research and development; dependence on third-party suppliers and collaborators; protection of intellectual property; and competition with larger, better-capitalized companies. Ultimately, the attainment of profitable operations is dependent on future events, including obtaining adequate financing to fund its operations and generating a level of revenues adequate to support the Company’s cost structure.
The Company will need to raise debt or equity financing in the future in order to continue its operations and achieve its growth targets. However, there can be no assurance that such financing will be available in sufficient amounts and on acceptable terms, when and if needed, or at all. The precise amount and timing of the funding needs cannot be determined accurately at this time, and will depend on a number of factors, including market demand for the Company’s products and services, the success of product development efforts, the timing of receipts for customer deposits, the management of working capital, and the continuation of normal payment terms and conditions for purchase of goods and services. The Company believes its cash balances and cash flow from operations will not be sufficient to fund its operations and growth for the next twelve months from the issuance date of these financial statements. If the Company is unable to substantially increase revenues, reduce expenditures, or otherwise generate cash flows from operations, then the Company will likely need to raise additional funding from investors or through other avenues to continue as a going concern.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting periods.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The Company has estimated the fair value of its financial instruments using the available market information and valuation methodologies considered to be appropriate and has determined that the book value of the Company’s prepaid expenses, accounts payable and accrued expenses, as of December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively, approximate fair value based of their short-term nature.
Fair Value Measurement
Fair value is defined as the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants as of the measurement date. Applicable accounting guidance provides an established hierarchy for inputs used in measuring fair value that maximizes the use of observable inputs and minimizes the use of unobservable inputs by requiring that the most observable inputs be used when available. Observable inputs are inputs that market participants would use in valuing the asset or liability and are developed based on market data obtained from sources independent of the Company. Unobservable inputs are inputs that reflect the Company’s assumptions about the factors that market participants would use in valuing the asset or liability. There are three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value:
Level 1 - Observable inputs that reflect quoted prices (unadjusted) for identical assets or liabilities in active markets.
Level 2 - Other inputs that are directly or indirectly observable in the marketplace.
Level 3 - Unobservable inputs which are supported by little or no market activity.
The fair value hierarchy also requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value.
As of and for the year ended December 31, 2020, the Company had no assets or liabilities that require fair value measurement.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
The Company considers all highly liquid investments with maturities of three months or less at the time of purchase to be cash equivalents. Cash and cash equivalents are recorded at cost, which approximates its fair value. As of December 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company held only cash deposits at a financial institution.
The Company follows FASB Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) section 850-10 for the identification of related parties and disclosure of related party transactions.
Pursuant to ASC section 850-10-20 the related parties include (a.) affiliates of the Company (“Affiliate” means, with respect to any specified Person, any other Person that, directly or indirectly through one or more intermediaries, controls, is controlled by or is under common control with such Person, as such terms are used in and construed under Rule 405 under the Securities Act); (b.) entities for which investments in their equity securities would be required, absent the election of the fair value option under the Fair Value Option of ASC section 825–10–15, to be accounted for by the equity method by the investing entity; (c.) trusts for the benefit of employees, such as pension and profit-sharing trusts that are managed by or under the trusteeship of management; (d.) principal owners of the Company; (e.) management of the Company; (f.) other parties with which the Company may deal if one party controls or can significantly influence the management or operating policies of the other to an extent that one of the transacting parties might be prevented from fully pursuing its own separate interests; and (g.) other parties that can significantly influence the management or operating policies of the transacting parties or that have an ownership interest in one of the transacting parties and can significantly influence the other to an extent that one or more of the transacting parties might be prevented from fully pursuing its own separate interests.
The financial statements shall include disclosures of material related party transactions, other than compensation arrangements, expense allowances, and other similar items in the ordinary course of business. However, disclosure of transactions that are eliminated in the preparation of consolidated or combined financial statements is not required in those statements. The disclosures shall include: (a.) the nature of the relationship(s) involved; (b.) a description of the transactions, including transactions to which no amounts or nominal amounts were ascribed, for each of the periods for which income statements are presented, and such other information deemed necessary to an understanding of the effects of the transactions on the financial statements; (c.) the dollar amounts of transactions for each of the periods for which income statements are presented and the effects of any change in the method of establishing the terms from that used in the preceding period; and (d.) amounts due from or to related parties as of the date of each balance sheet presented and, if not otherwise apparent, the terms and manner of settlement.
Commitments and Contingencies
The Company follows ASC section 450-20 to report accounting for contingencies. Certain conditions may exist as of the date the financial statements are issued, which may result in a loss to the Company but which will only be resolved when one or more future events occur or fail to occur. The Company assesses such contingent liabilities, and such assessment inherently involves an exercise of judgment. In assessing loss contingencies related to legal proceedings that are pending against the Company or un-asserted claims that may result in such proceedings, the Company evaluates the perceived merits of any legal proceedings or un-asserted claims as well as the perceived merits of the amount of relief sought or expected to be sought therein.
If the assessment of a contingency indicates that it is probable that a material loss has been incurred and the amount of the liability can be estimated, then the estimated liability would be accrued in the Company’s financial statements. If the assessment indicates that a potential material loss contingency is not probable but is reasonably possible, or is probable but cannot be estimated, then the nature of the contingent liability, and an estimate of the range of possible losses, if determinable and material, would be disclosed.
Loss contingencies considered remote are generally not disclosed unless they involve guarantees, in which case the guarantees would be disclosed.
The Company accounts for debt discounts originating in connection with conversion features that remain embedded in the related notes in accordance with ASC 470-20, Debt with Conversion and Other Options. These costs are classified on the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the debt liability. The Company amortizes these costs over the term of its debt agreements as interest expense - debt discount in the statement of operations.
In connection with financing arrangements, the Company has issued warrants to purchase shares of its common stock. The outstanding warrants are standalone instruments that are not puttable or mandatorily redeemable by the holder and are classified as equity awards. The Company measures the fair value of the awards using the Black-Scholes Merton (“BSM”) option pricing model as of the measurement date.
We account for our stock-based compensation under ASC 718, “Compensation – Stock Compensation” using the fair value based method. Under this method, compensation cost is measured at the grant date based on the value of the award and is recognized over the service period, which is usually the vesting period. This guidance establishes standards for the accounting for transactions in which an entity exchanges it equity instruments for goods or services. It also addresses transactions in which an entity incurs liabilities in exchange for goods or services that are based on the fair value of the entity’s equity instruments or that may be settled by the issuance of those equity instruments.
We use the fair value method for equity instruments granted to non-employees and use the BSM model for measuring the fair value of options. The stock based fair value compensation is determined as of the date of the grant (measurement date) and is recognized over the vesting periods.
The Company accounts for income taxes in accordance with ASC 740, Income Taxes, deferred tax assets and liabilities are computed based on the difference between the financial reporting and income tax bases of assets and liabilities using the enacted marginal tax rate. ASC 740 requires that the net deferred tax asset be reduced by a valuation allowance if, based on the weight of available evidence, it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the net deferred tax asset will not be realized.
The Company is a United States Company, incorporated in the state of Delaware and has its office in California. The Company has no foreign operations.
The tax reform bill that Congress voted to approve December 20, 2017, also known as the “Tax Cuts and Jobs Act”, made sweeping modifications to the Internal Revenue Code, including a much lower corporate tax rate, changes to credits and deductions, and a move to a territorial system for corporations that have overseas earnings. The act replaced the prior-law graduated corporate tax rate, which taxed income over $10 million at 35%, with a flat rate of 21%.
The Company accounts for income taxes using an asset and liability approach, which requires the recognition of taxes payable or refundable for the current year and deferred tax liabilities and assets for the future tax consequences of events that have been recognized in the Company’s financial statements or tax returns. The measurement of current and deferred tax assets and liabilities is based on provisions of enacted tax laws; the effects of future changes in tax laws or rates are not anticipated. If necessary, the measurement of deferred tax assets is reduced by the amount of any tax benefits that are not expected to be realized based on available evidence.
The Company has adopted guidance related to the accounting for uncertainty in income taxes which prescribes rules for recognition, measurement and classification in the financial statements of tax positions taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. The guidance prescribes a two-step approach which involves evaluating whether a tax position will be more likely than not (greater than 50 percent likelihood) sustained upon examination based on the technical merits of the position. The second step requires that any tax position that meets the more likely than not recognition threshold be measured and recognized in the financial statements at the largest amount of benefit that is a greater than 50 percent likelihood of being realized upon settlement.
The Company’s policy is to recognize interest and penalties, if any, related to unrecognized tax benefits in income tax expense. The Company is not currently under examination by any taxing authority nor has the Company been notified of a pending examination. The statute of limitations for which the Company is generally no longer subject to federal or state income tax examinations by tax authorities is for years before 2013.
Earnings Per Share
We use ASC 260, “Earnings Per Share” for calculating the basic and diluted earnings (loss) per share. We compute basic earnings (loss) per share by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding. Diluted earnings (loss) per share is computed based on the weighted average number of shares of common stock plus the effect of dilutive potential common shares outstanding during the period using the treasury stock method. Dilutive potential common shares include outstanding stock options and warrants and stock awards. For periods with a net loss, basic and diluted loss per share are the same, in that any potential common stock equivalents would have the effect of being anti-dilutive in the computation of net loss per share.
There were 1,800,214 common share equivalents at December 31, 2020 and 1,397,000 common share equivalents at December 31, 2019. For the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, these potential shares were excluded from the shares used to calculate diluted. These securities were not included in the computation of diluted net earnings per share as their effect would have been antidilutive.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Changes to accounting principles are established by the Financial Accounting Standards Board’s (“FASB”) in the form of Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) to the FASB’s Codification. We consider the applicability and impact of all ASUs on our financial position, results of operations, cash flows, or presentation thereof. The Company reviewed all recently issued pronouncement in 2021, but not yet effective, and does not believe the future adoption of any such pronouncements may be expected to cause a material impact on the Company’s financial condition or the results of its operations.
Note 2 – Cash and Cash Equivalents
Cash equivalents are short-term cash investments, which are made for varying periods of up to three (3) months, depending on the immediate cash requirements of the Company and earn interest at prevailing short-term investment rate. As of December 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company held only cash deposits at a financial institution amounting to $0 and $123,000, respectively.
Note 3 – Related Party Transactions
The Company incurred approximately $180,000 for years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, and paid approximately $112,000 and $180,000, respectively, to M1 Advisors for the services of the Company’s CEO and miscellaneous operating expenses.
Note 4 – Accounts Payable and Accrued Expenses
Accounts payable and accrued expenses as of December 31, are as follows:
|Accounts payable and accrued expenses||$||611,000||$||363,000|
Note 5 – Notes Payable
During the year ended December 31, 2020, the Company issued a promissory note for $11,000 (“Promissory Note”). The total proceeds were $10,000, due to approximately $1,000 for an original issue discount. The Promissory Note is non-interest bearing with the principal due and payable in August 2020. Any amount of unpaid principal on the date of maturity will accrue interest at rate of 10% per annum (default interest). The original issue discount was amortized over the term of the Promissory Note, which was one month. As of September 30, 2020, the Promissory note was in default, so the Company accrued approximately $1,000 of default interest.
Note 6 – Convertible Promissory Notes
During the year ended December 31, 2020, the Company issued convertible promissory notes in the amount of $213,000 (the “Notes”). The total cash proceeds were approximately $60,000, approximately $147,000 from the conversion of Series A Preferred Stock into convertible promissory note and approximately $6,000 original issue discount (“OID”). The Notes are non-interest bearing with the principal due and payable starting in February 2021. Any amount of unpaid principal on the date of maturity will accrue interest at rate of 10% per annum (default interest). The principal amount and all accrued interest are convertible into shares of the Company’s common stock, as of the date of issuance, at a rate of $1.00 per share (“Conversion Rate”). The conversion rate is adjustable if, at any time when any principal amount of the Notes remains unpaid or unconverted, the Company issues or sells any shares of the Company’s common stock for no consideration or for a consideration per share (before deduction of reasonable expenses or commissions or underwriting discounts or allowances in connection therewith), which is less than the Conversion Rate in effect on the date of such issuance (or deemed issuance) of such shares of common stock (a “Dilutive Issuance”). Immediately upon a Dilutive Issuance, the Conversion Rate will be reduced to the amount of the consideration per share received by the Company in such Dilutive Issuance. Events of default include failure to issue conversion shares, the occurrence of a breach or default under any other agreement, any money judgment, writ or similar process entered or filed against the Company or any its property or other assets for more than $100,000, bankruptcy filing, application for the appointment of a custodian, trustee or receiver, insolvency, the Company’s common stock delisted, or dissolution, winding up, or termination of the business of the Company.
In connection with the issuance of the Notes, the Company issued to the purchasers of the Notes stock purchase warrants to purchase an aggregate of 359,000 shares of the Company’s common stock for a purchase price of $1.50 per share, subject to adjustments.
In accordance with ASC 470 - Debt, the Company has accounted for the issuance of the Notes as an extinguishment of the series A preferred stock. Under extinguishment accounting, the difference between the fair value of the Notes and book basis of the series A preferred stock of $86,000 was accounted for as a loss on extinguishment. Also, the fair value of the Warrants of $52,000 was recorded as a loss on extinguishment. The difference between the fair value of the Notes and the face value of the notes of $58,000 was recorded as additional paid on capital. In addition, the Company has allocated the cash proceeds amounts of the Notes among the Notes, the warrants and the conversion feature. The relative fair value of the warrants issued totaled approximately $3,000 and of the beneficial conversion totaled approximately $0, which amounts are being amortized and expensed over the term of the Notes. For the year ended December 31, 2020, the amortization expense was approximately $187,000.
The Company determined that the conversion feature of the Notes would not be an embedded feature to be bifurcated and accounted for as a derivative in accordance with ASC 818-15 Derivatives and Hedging.
The convertible promissory notes consisted of the following:
|December 31, 2020||December 31, 2019|
|Original issue discount||(3,000||)||(19,000||)|
|Conversion feature discount||–||(85,000||)|
The discounts of $5,000 as of December 31, 2020, will be amortized and expensed over the remaining contractual life of the convertible promissory notes. The amortization expense will be approximately $5,000 for the year ending December 31, 2021.
Interest expense on default convertible notes amounted to approximately $39,000 and $0 for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019.
Note 7 – Stockholders’ Deficit
On August 28, 2018, the Company filed a Certificate of Change to the Articles of Incorporation with the Secretary of State of the State of Nevada to (i) reduce the authorized shares of common stock from 100,000,000 shares to 4,000,000 shares and (ii) to effectuate a stock combination or reverse stock split whereby every 25 outstanding shares of the Company’s common stock were converted into one share of common stock. This amendment became effective on August 30, 2018. All share and per share amounts in these financial statements have been restated to give effect to such reverse stock split.
On December 20, 2018, the Company filed a Certificate of Amendment to the Articles of Incorporation with the Secretary of State of the State of Nevada to increase the Company’s authorized shares of common stock from 4,000,000 shares to 100,000,000 shares. This amendment became effective immediately upon filing on
December 20, 2018.
The Company is authorized to issue 200,000,000 shares of which 100,000,000 shares shall be preferred stock, par value $0.001 per share, and 100,000,000 shares shall be common stock, par value $0.001 per share.
In accordance with the Control Purchase Agreement, the Company was required to effectuate a reverse stock split of the Company’s common stock (the “Reverse Stock Split”). The Company’s board of directors approved the Reverse Stock Split of the Company’s authorized, issued and outstanding shares of common stock at a ratio of one for twenty-five. In connection with the Reverse Stock Split, which was effected on September 11, 2018, the issued and outstanding shares of the Company’s common stock decreased from 15,719,645 shares to 630,207 shares as of December 31, 2017. The par value was amended to be $0.001 per share. All share information has been retroactively restated for the Reverse Stock Split.
As of December 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company issued 16,634,951 shares for both periods at $0.001 per share.
Founders Preferred Stock
On September 12, 2018, the Company’s board of directors approved, and the Company filed with the Secretary of State of the State of Nevada, a certificate of designation pursuant to which 15,754,744 shares of the Company’s authorized preferred stock were designated as Series A Preferred Stock. The Series A Preferred Stock had one vote per share, had other rights, including upon liquidation of the Company, identical to those of the Company’s common stock, and was automatically convertible into shares of the Company’s common stock, initially on a one-for-one basis, upon any increase in the Company’s authorized but unissued shares of the Company’s common stock to a number that will allow for the issued and outstanding shares of Series A Preferred Stock to be converted in full.
On September 12, 2018, the Company issued and sold an aggregate of 15,754,744 shares of Series A Preferred Stock for an aggregate purchase price of $16,000.
On October 14, 2018, the board of directors of Company approved, and on October 22, 2018, the holders of all of the outstanding shares of the Company’s Series A Preferred Stock consented to, an amendment to the certificate of designation that the Company filed with the Secretary of State of the State of Nevada to create the outstanding Series A Preferred Stock, to change the designation of the outstanding Series A Preferred Stock from “Series A Preferred Stock” to “Founder Preferred Stock.” An amendment to the Certificate to effect such change was filed with the Secretary of State of Nevada on October 29, 2018.
On December 20, 2018, all of the Founder Preferred Stock was converted into 15,754,744 shares of the Company’s common stock.
Series A Convertible Preferred Stock
In January 2019, the Company issued and sold an aggregate of 50,000 shares of Series A Preferred Stock for an aggregate purchase price of $69,000, or $1.38 per share.
The Company initiated a private placement of shares of series A convertible preferred stock. During the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018, the Company sold 50,000 and 35,975, respectively, shares of Series A for total proceeds of approximately $69,000 and $50,000, respectively, or $1.38 per share.
The Series A is convertible into shares of the Company’s common stock at the rate of $1.38 per share, subject to adjustments based on the Company’s future sales of financial instruments at a value less than $1.38 per share. The holders of the Series A have the right to convert any time after the date of issuance. With the issuance of the convertible promissory notes, as explained in Note 5 above, the Series A’s conversion rate adjusted to $1.00 per share. In accordance with ASC 470, the Company has calculated the effect of the conversion rate adjustment, which was approximately $36,000. The conversion rate adjustment has been treated as a deemed dividend, which has been presented in the Statement of Changes in Stockholders’ Deficit.
The Series A is mandatorily convertible upon (i) the closing of the sale of shares of the Company’s common stock to the public in an underwritten public offering pursuant to an effective registration statement under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, resulting in at least $10,000,000 of gross proceeds to the Company, (ii) the close of business on the sixtieth consecutive day on which the closing price of the Company’s common stock on the OTC Markets is at least $2.80 per share, subject to appropriate adjustment in the event of any stock dividend, stock split, stock combination or other similar recapitalization with respect to the common stock, or (iii) the affirmative vote of the holders of at least 66⅔% of the outstanding shares of Series A, given at a meeting of such stockholders duly called for that purpose or pursuant to a written consent of stockholders all outstanding shares of Series A shall automatically be converted into shares of the Company’s common stock, at the then effective conversion rate.
On any matter presented to the stockholders of the Company for their action or consideration at any meeting of stockholders of the Company (or by written consent of stockholders in lieu of meeting), each holder of outstanding shares of Series A shall be entitled to cast the number of votes equal to the number of whole shares of common stock into which the shares of Series A held by such holder are convertible as of the record date for determining stockholders entitled to vote on such matter. Except as provided by law or by the other provisions of the Articles of Incorporation, holders of Series A shall vote together with the holders of common stock as a single class.
From and after the date of the issuance of any shares of Series A, a cumulative dividend on each outstanding share of Series A Preferred Stock shall accrue at a rate per annum equal to ten percent of the Series A original issue price. Accrued dividends on the Series A shall be paid in shares of the Company’s common stock, such shares to be valued for such purpose at the applicable series A conversion price.
On February 11, 2020, the Company converted 85,975 shares of Series A Preferred Stock into a Convertible Promissory Notes in the principal amount approximately $147,000.
Issuance of Stock Options
The Company entered into three separate consulting agreements with provisions for the issuance of options under the Company’s 2019 Stock Options Plan to purchase 685,000, 250,000 and 15,000 shares of the Company’s common stock. The Options will have a life of three years from the vesting date and an exercise price of $0.001 per share with the following vesting terms:
Option to purchase 685,000 shares
|i.||385,000 shares vest upon the signing of the consulting agreement; and|
|ii.||300,000 shares vest on the first anniversary of the date on which the consultant serves as full-time employee as the Company’s Vice President of Capital Markets. As of the expiration of the contract, the employee was not hired by the Company. These options would have been issued if the performance condition was met. As the performance condition was not met prior to expiration of the contract, these options were neither issued nor ever granted.|
Option to purchase 250,000 shares
|i.||50,000 shares vest upon the completion of the Company’s first Retail Showcase Store. As the performance condition was not met prior to expiration of the contract, these options were neither issued nor ever granted;|
|ii.||100,000 shares vest on the first anniversary date on which the consultant serves as the Vice President of Retail Store Development of the Company as full-time employee. As the performance condition was not met prior to expiration of the contract, these options were neither issued nor ever granted; and|
|iii.||100,000 shares to vest 1/12th per month thereafter. As the performance condition was not met prior to expiration of the contract, these options were neither issued nor ever granted.|
Option to purchase 15,000 shares
|i.||15,000 shares to vest upon the completion of the Company’s first Retail Showcase Store. As the performance condition was not met prior to expiration of the contract, these options were neither issued nor ever granted.|
The options that could be granted to the consultants will be performance-based awards to be vested once the individuals are considered to be employees of the Company. Each of the consultants has the option to become a full-time employee only after Company has received a minimum of $5,000,000 in debt or equity financing for the Company’s operations (the “Financing”). This is the time that the Company would begin to operate and use the services of the three option holders. Until the Financing occurs, the Company will be in the predevelopment stage of its intended business model. As of 12/31/2020 all of these consultant agreements had been terminated, as such, no options were issued nor ever granted.
An option to purchase 385,000 shares of the Company’s common stock, for $0.001 per share, was granted and vested on April 1, 2019. For the year ended December 31, 2019, the compensation expense, classified as professional fees in the statement of operations, was $577,000, which was calculated using the BSM fair value option-pricing model with key input variables provided by management, as of the date of issuance: volatility of 324%, fair value of common stock $1.50, term of option 3 years, risk free rate of 2.29% and dividend rate of $0.
The table below summarizes the Company’s stock option activities for the reporting period ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 (all share and per share data reflects the reverse stock split):
|Balance, January 1, 2019||184,800||$||12.50||$||12.50||$||–||$||–|
|Balance, December 31, 2019||569,800||$||–||$||4.05||$||–||$||423,000|
|Balance, December 31, 2020||385,000||$||–||$||0.001||$||–||$||7,315|
|Earned and exercisable, Dec 31, 2020||385,000||$||–||$||0.001||$||–||$||7,315|
|Unvested, December 31, 2020||–||$||–||$||–||$||–||$||–|
The following table summarizes information concerning outstanding and exercisable stock options as of December 31, 2020:
|Stock Options Outstanding||Stock Options Exercisable|
|Range of Exercise Prices|
The table below summarizes the Company’s warrant activities for the reporting period ended December 31, 2020 and 2019
|Number of warrants issued||Exercise Price||Weighted Average Exercise Price|
|Balance, January 1, 2019||-||$||-||$||-|
|Balance, December 31, 2019||253,000||1.50||1.50|
|Balance, December 31, 2020||353,804||1.50||1.50|
Note 8 – Deferred Tax Assets and Income Tax Provision
Deferred Tax Assets
At December 31, 2020, the Company had net operating loss (“NOL”) carry forwards for Federal income tax purposes of $1,425,000 that may be offset against future taxable income. No tax benefit has been reported with respect to these net operating loss carry-forwards in the accompanying financial statements because the Company believes that the realization of the Company’s net deferred tax assets of approximately $1,425,000 was not considered more likely than not and accordingly, the potential tax benefits of the net operating loss carry-forwards are fully offset by a full valuation allowance.
On September 12, 2018, the Company believes that an “ownership change” has occurred within the meaning of Sections 382 and 383 of the Code. An ownership change is generally defined as a more than 50 percentage point increase in equity ownership by “5 percent shareholders” (as that term is defined for purposes of Sections 382 and 383 of the Code) in any three-year period or since the last ownership change if such prior ownership change occurred within the prior three-year period. As a result of the ownership change on September 12, 2018, the limitations on the use of pre-change losses and other carry forward tax attributes in Sections 382 and 383 of the Code apply and the Company will not be able to utilize any portion of their NOL carry forwards from the years prior to December 31, 2017 and the portion of the NOL for 2018 allocable to the portion of the year prior to September 12, 2018. The utilization of the NOL for 2018 allocable to the portion of the year after September 12, 2018 and the NOLs from subsequent years should not be affected by the ownership change on the September 12, 2018.
Deferred tax assets consist primarily of the tax effect of NOL carry-forwards. The Company has provided a full valuation allowance on the deferred tax assets because of the uncertainty regarding its realization. The valuation allowance increased by approximately $93,000 and $161,000 for the reporting periods ended
December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.
Components of deferred tax assets are as follows as of December 31:
|Net deferred tax assets – Non-current:|
|Expected income tax benefit from NOL carry-forwards||$||299,000||$||206,000|
|Less valuation allowance||(299,000||)||(206,000||)|
|Deferred tax assets, net of valuation allowance||$||−||$||−|
Income Tax Provision in the Statements of Operations
A reconciliation of the federal statutory income tax rate and the effective income tax rate as a percentage of income before income taxes is as follows for the years ended December 31:
|Federal statutory income tax rate||21.0||%||21.0||%|
|Change in valuation allowance on net operating loss carry-forwards||(21.0||)||(21.0||)|
|Effective income tax rate||0.0||%||0.0||%|
Note 9 – Subsequent Events
The Company has evaluated all events that occurred after the balance sheet date through the date when the financial statements were issued to determine if they must be reported. The management of the Company determined the following reportable non-adjusting event:
On January 5, 2021, Piers Cooper (“Mr. Cooper”), our President and a member of our Board of Directors, resigned as an officer and director of our company (“Termination Agreement”). As part of the Termination Agreement, Mr. Cooper’s agreed to return 3,674,330 shares of the Company’s common stock (“Cancelled Shares”). The Cancelled shares were to be returned within thirty days of Mr. Cooper’s execution of the Termination Agreement, which was January 5, 2021. The Cancelled Shares were returned and cancelled on April 19, 2021.
In January 2021, the Company issued a promissory note for cash amounting to $15,000 with 8% annual interest per year and a maturity date of March 31, 2022. Interest will be computed starting January 11, 2021 and payable at maturity date together with the principal amount. In the event of default, the interest rate of the note shall increase to 10% per annum and computed on the basis of the actual number of days elapsed and a 365-day year.
In February 2021, the Company issued a promissory note for cash amounting to $25,000 with 10% annual interest per year and a maturity date of February 19, 2022. The principal and accrued interest is payable in a single installment on or before the maturity date. In the event of default, the interest rate of the note shall increase to 15% per annum and computed on the basis of the actual number of days elapsed and a 365-day or 366-day year.
In March 2021, the Company issued a convertible promissory note in the amount of $55,000 (the “Note”). The total proceeds were approximately $50,000, due to approximately $5,000 for an original issue discount. The Note is non-interest bearing with the principal due and payable starting in March 2022. Any amount of unpaid principal on the date of maturity will accrue interest at rate of 10% per annum (default interest). The principal amount and all accrued interest are convertible into shares of the Company’s common stock, as of the date of issuance, at a rate of $1.00 per share (“Conversion Rate”). The conversion rate is adjustable if, at any time when any principal amount of the Notes remains unpaid or unconverted, the Company issues or sells any shares of the Company’s common stock for no consideration or for a consideration per share (before deduction of reasonable expenses or commissions or underwriting discounts or allowances in connection therewith), which is less than the Conversion Rate in effect on the date of such issuance (or deemed issuance) of such shares of common stock (a “Dilutive Issuance”). Immediately upon a Dilutive Issuance, the Conversion Rate will be reduced to the amount of the consideration per share received by the Company in such Dilutive Issuance. Events of default include failure to issue conversion shares, the occurrence of a breach or default under any other agreement, any money judgment, writ or similar process entered or filed against the Company or any of its property or other assets for more than $100,000, bankruptcy filing, application for the appointment of a custodian, trustee or receiver, insolvency, the Company’s common stock delisted, or dissolution, winding up, or termination of the business of the Company. In connection with the issuance of the Notes, the Company issued to the purchasers of the Notes stock purchase warrants (the “Warrants”) to purchase an aggregate of 27,500 shares of the Company’s common stock for a purchase price of $1.50 per share, subject to adjustments.
In February 2021, the Company signed a new consulting agreement that granted one of its shareholders an option to purchase 750,000 shares of the Company’s common stock at $0.001 per share for the consultancy work provided from August 2020 to February 2021. The options were fully vested on the date of issuance.
In March 2021, the CEO agreed to forgive approximately $68,000 due to him.
In March 2021, the CFO agreed to reduce amount due to him from approximately $127,000 to $30,000. For the reduction of $97,000, the Company will issue 75,000 shares of common stock. The remaining liability of $30,000 will be paid in cash.
In April 2021, the Company issued a promissory note for cash amounting to $8,550 with 0% annual interest per year if paid at a maturity date of July 5, 2021. In the event of default, the interest rate of the note shall increase to 8% per annum and computed on the basis of the actual number of days elapsed and a 365-day or 366-day year.
In April 2021, an option holder exercised two options for 385,000 and 750,000 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price of $0.001 for both options. The shares for the options have yet to be issued.
In April 2021, the Company issued a promissory note for cash amounting to $50,000 with 10% annual interest per year and a maturity date of April 22, 2022. The principal and accrued interest is payable in a single installment on or before the maturity date. In the event of default, the interest rate of the note shall increase to 15% per annum and computed on the basis of the actual number of days elapsed and a 365-day or 366-day year.