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RPAI Retail Properties of America

Filed: 3 Nov 20, 4:19pm
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2020
or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                  to
Commission File Number: 001-35481
RETAIL PROPERTIES OF AMERICA, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Maryland42-1579325
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
2021 Spring Road, Suite 200, Oak Brook, Illinois 60523
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
(630) 634-4200
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Class A Common Stock, $0.001 par valueRPAINew York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes x No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerxAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes  No x
Number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s class of common stock as of October 30, 2020:
Class A common stock:    214,252,627 shares


RETAIL PROPERTIES OF AMERICA, INC.
TABLE OF CONTENTS




PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
RETAIL PROPERTIES OF AMERICA, INC.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Unaudited)
(in thousands, except par value amounts)

September 30,
2020
December 31,
2019
Assets  
Investment properties:  
Land$1,075,037 $1,021,829 
Building and other improvements3,576,289 3,544,582 
Developments in progress168,365 113,353 
4,819,691 4,679,764 
Less: accumulated depreciation(1,482,583)(1,383,274)
Net investment properties (includes $59,678 and $12,445 from consolidated
variable interest entities, respectively)
3,337,108 3,296,490 
Cash and cash equivalents27,371 9,989 
Accounts and notes receivable, net86,589 73,832 
Acquired lease intangible assets, net70,837 79,832 
Right-of-use lease assets43,234 50,241 
Other assets, net (includes $336 and $164 from consolidated
variable interest entities, respectively)
69,678 75,978 
Total assets$3,634,817 $3,586,362 
Liabilities and Equity  
Liabilities:  
Mortgages payable, net$92,075 $94,155 
Unsecured notes payable, net1,185,479 796,247 
Unsecured term loans, net467,391 716,523 
Unsecured revolving line of credit18,000 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses69,036 78,902 
Distributions payable10,713 35,387 
Acquired lease intangible liabilities, net63,591 63,578 
Lease liabilities84,898 91,129 
Other liabilities (includes $7,361 and $1,707 from consolidated
variable interest entities, respectively)
74,357 56,368 
Total liabilities2,047,540 1,950,289 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 13)
Equity:  
Preferred stock, $0.001 par value, 10,000 shares authorized, NaN issued or outstanding
Class A common stock, $0.001 par value, 475,000 shares authorized,
214,253 and 213,600 shares issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2020
and December 31, 2019, respectively
214 214 
Additional paid-in capital4,517,996 4,510,484 
Accumulated distributions in excess of earnings(2,899,388)(2,865,933)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(36,052)(12,288)
Total shareholders’ equity1,582,770 1,632,477 
Noncontrolling interests4,507 3,596 
Total equity1,587,277 1,636,073 
Total liabilities and equity$3,634,817 $3,586,362 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements
1

RETAIL PROPERTIES OF AMERICA, INC.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
(Unaudited)
(in thousands, except per share amounts)

Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2020201920202019
Revenues:  
Lease income$107,358 $119,717 $322,856 $360,869 
Expenses:    
Operating expenses15,620 16,088 46,877 50,903 
Real estate taxes19,720 18,583 56,169 55,520 
Depreciation and amortization41,741 67,460 125,669 153,609 
Provision for impairment of investment properties2,279 11,177 2,625 11,177 
General and administrative expenses8,514 10,334 26,170 30,186 
Total expenses87,874 123,642 257,510 301,395 
Other (expense) income:
Interest expense(21,941)(25,084)(58,347)(59,877)
Gain on sales of investment properties1,969 18,872 
Gain on litigation settlement6,100 
Other income (expense), net169 (1,113)(377)(2,244)
Net (loss) income(2,288)(28,153)12,722 16,225 
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests
Net (loss) income attributable to common shareholders$(2,288)$(28,153)$12,722 $16,225 
(Loss) earnings per common share – basic and diluted:    
Net (loss) income per common share attributable to common shareholders$(0.01)$(0.13)$0.06 $0.07 
Net (loss) income$(2,288)$(28,153)$12,722 $16,225 
Other comprehensive income (loss):
Net unrealized gain (loss) on derivative instruments (Note 8)3,124 (7,152)(23,764)(16,973)
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to the Company$836 $(35,305)$(11,042)$(748)
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding – basic213,385 212,995 213,312 212,932 
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding – diluted213,385 212,995 213,312 213,056 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements
2

RETAIL PROPERTIES OF AMERICA, INC.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Equity
(Unaudited)
(in thousands, except per share amounts)
 Class A
Common Stock
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
Accumulated
Distributions
in Excess of
Earnings
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
(Loss) Income
Total
Shareholders’
Equity
Noncontrolling
Interests
Total Equity
Three Months EndedSharesAmount
Balance as of July 1, 2019213,662 $214 $4,507,488 $(2,783,183)$(11,343)$1,713,176 $1,445 $1,714,621 
Net loss— — — (28,153)— (28,153)— (28,153)
Other comprehensive loss— — — — (7,152)(7,152)— (7,152)
Contributions from noncontrolling interests— — — — — — 975 975 
Distributions declared to common shareholders
($0.165625 per share)
— — — (35,382)— (35,382)— (35,382)
Stock-based compensation expense, net of forfeitures(7)— 1,849 — — 1,849 — 1,849 
Balance as of September 30, 2019213,655 $214 $4,509,337 $(2,846,718)$(18,495)$1,644,338 $2,420 $1,646,758 
Three Months Ended
Balance as of July 1, 2020214,253 $214 $4,515,716 $(2,886,387)$(39,176)$1,590,367 $3,718 $1,594,085 
Net loss— — — (2,288)— (2,288)— (2,288)
Other comprehensive income— — — — 3,124 3,124 — 3,124 
Contributions from noncontrolling interests— — — — — — 789 789 
Distributions declared to common shareholders
($0.05 per share)
— — — (10,713)— (10,713)— (10,713)
Stock-based compensation expense— — 2,280 — — 2,280 — 2,280 
Balance as of September 30, 2020214,253 $214 $4,517,996 $(2,899,388)$(36,052)$1,582,770 $4,507 $1,587,277 
Nine Months Ended
Balance as of January 1, 2019213,176 $213 $4,504,702 $(2,756,802)$(1,522)$1,746,591 $418 $1,747,009 
Net income— — — 16,225 — 16,225 — 16,225 
Other comprehensive loss— — — — (16,973)(16,973)— (16,973)
Contributions from noncontrolling interests— — — — — — 2,002 2,002 
Distributions declared to common shareholders
($0.496875 per share)
— — — (106,141)— (106,141)— (106,141)
Issuance of common stock111 — — — — — — — 
Issuance of restricted shares469 — — — — 
Stock-based compensation expense, net of forfeitures(16)— 5,672 — — 5,672 — 5,672 
Shares withheld for employee taxes(85)— (1,037)— — (1,037)— (1,037)
Balance as of September 30, 2019213,655 $214 $4,509,337 $(2,846,718)$(18,495)$1,644,338 $2,420 $1,646,758 
Nine Months Ended
Balance as of January 1, 2020213,600 $214 $4,510,484 $(2,865,933)$(12,288)$1,632,477 $3,596 $1,636,073 
Net income— — — 12,722 — 12,722 — 12,722 
Other comprehensive loss— — — — (23,764)(23,764)— (23,764)
Contributions from noncontrolling interests— — — — — — 3,128 3,128 
Termination of consolidated joint ventures— — 2,217 — — 2,217 (2,217)— 
Distributions declared to common shareholders
($0.215625 per share)
— — — (46,177)— (46,177)— (46,177)
Issuance of common stock148 — — — — — — — 
Issuance of restricted shares624 — — — — — — — 
Stock-based compensation expense— — 6,734 — — 6,734 — 6,734 
Shares withheld for employee taxes(119)— (1,439)— — (1,439)— (1,439)
Balance as of September 30, 2020214,253 $214 $4,517,996 $(2,899,388)$(36,052)$1,582,770 $4,507 $1,587,277 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements
3



RETAIL PROPERTIES OF AMERICA, INC.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)
(in thousands)
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 20202019
Cash flows from operating activities:  
Net income$12,722 $16,225 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:  
Depreciation and amortization125,669 153,609 
Provision for impairment of investment properties2,625 11,177 
Gain on sales of investment properties(18,872)
Amortization of loan fees and debt premium and discount, net3,249 1,913 
Amortization of stock-based compensation6,734 5,672 
Debt prepayment fees2,786 8,151 
Payment of leasing fees and inducements(5,787)(6,880)
Changes in accounts receivable, net(17,195)3,071 
Changes in right-of-use lease assets1,391 1,438 
Changes in accounts payable and accrued expenses, net(12,392)(4,222)
Changes in lease liabilities(671)(496)
Changes in other operating assets and liabilities, net621 6,156 
Other, net(1,111)(6,254)
Net cash provided by operating activities118,641 170,688 
Cash flows from investing activities:  
Purchase of investment properties(54,970)(29,891)
Capital expenditures and tenant improvements(44,955)(59,971)
Proceeds from sales of investment properties11,369 44,656 
Investment in developments in progress(58,939)(17,817)
Net cash used in investing activities(147,495)(63,023)
Cash flows from financing activities:  
Principal payments on mortgages payable(2,160)(109,917)
Proceeds from unsecured notes payable493,746 100,000 
Repayments of unsecured notes payable(100,000)
Proceeds from unsecured term loans270,000 
Repayments of unsecured term loans(250,000)
Proceeds from unsecured revolving line of credit937,704 208,000 
Repayments of unsecured revolving line of credit(955,704)(457,000)
Payment of loan fees and deposits(5,403)(2,519)
Debt prepayment fees(2,786)(8,151)
Distributions paid(70,851)(106,141)
Other, net1,689 965 
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities46,235 (104,763)
Net increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash17,381 2,902 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, at beginning of period14,447 19,601 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, at end of period$31,828 $22,503 
(continued)
4



RETAIL PROPERTIES OF AMERICA, INC.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)
(in thousands)
Nine Months Ended September 30,
20202019
Supplemental cash flow disclosure, including non-cash activities:  
Cash paid for interest, net of interest capitalized$52,919 $56,950 
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of operating lease liabilities$4,406 $4,523 
Distributions payable$10,713 $35,387 
Accrued capital expenditures and tenant improvements$8,182 $6,048 
Accrued leasing fees and inducements$1,594 $1,184 
Accrued redevelopment costs$2,678 $565 
Amounts reclassified to developments in progress$305 $34,746 
Developments in progress placed in service$4,725 $1,377 
Change in noncontrolling interest due to termination of joint ventures$2,217 $
Lease liabilities arising from obtaining right-of-use lease assets$383 $103,519 
Straight-line ground rent liabilities reclassified to right-of-use lease asset$$31,030 
Straight-line office rent liability reclassified to right-of-use lease asset$$507 
Acquired ground lease intangible liability reclassified to right-of-use lease asset$$11,898 
Purchase of investment properties (after credits at closing):
Net investment properties$(58,760)$(28,486)
Right-of-use lease assets5,999 
Accounts receivable, acquired lease intangibles and other assets(1,801)(1,792)
Lease liabilities(5,942)
Accounts payable, acquired lease intangibles and other liabilities5,534 387 
Purchase of investment properties (after credits at closing)$(54,970)$(29,891)
Proceeds from sales of investment properties:  
Net investment properties$11,307 $30,119 
Right-of-use lease assets8,242 
Accounts receivable, acquired lease intangibles and other assets167 1,591 
Lease liabilities(11,326)
Accounts payable, acquired lease intangibles and other liabilities(105)(2,842)
Gain on sales of investment properties18,872 
Proceeds from sales of investment properties$11,369 $44,656 
Reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash:
Cash and cash equivalents, at beginning of period$9,989 $14,722 
Restricted cash, at beginning of period (included within “Other assets, net”)4,458 4,879 
Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, at beginning of period$14,447 $19,601 
Cash and cash equivalents, at end of period$27,371 $17,076 
Restricted cash, at end of period (included within “Other assets, net”)4,457 5,427 
Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, at end of period$31,828 $22,503 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements
5

RETAIL PROPERTIES OF AMERICA, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (GAAP) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. Readers of this Quarterly Report should refer to the audited financial statements of Retail Properties of America, Inc. for the year ended December 31, 2019, which are included in its 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K, as certain footnote disclosures which would substantially duplicate those contained in the Annual Report have been omitted from this Quarterly Report. In the opinion of management, all adjustments necessary, all of which were of normal recurring nature, for a fair presentation have been included in this Quarterly Report.
(1) ORGANIZATION AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION
Retail Properties of America, Inc. (the Company) was formed on March 5, 2003 and its primary purpose is to own and operate high quality, strategically located open-air shopping centers, including properties with a mixed-use component. As of September 30, 2020, the Company owned 102 retail operating properties in the United States.
The Company has elected to be taxed as a real estate investment trust (REIT) under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the Code). The Company believes it qualifies for taxation as a REIT and, as such, the Company generally will not be subject to U.S. federal income tax on taxable income that is distributed to its shareholders. If the Company fails to qualify as a REIT in any taxable year, the Company will be subject to U.S. federal income tax on its taxable income. Even if the Company qualifies for taxation as a REIT, the Company may be subject to certain state and local taxes on its income, property or net worth and U.S. federal income and excise taxes on its undistributed income. The Company has 1 wholly owned subsidiary that has jointly elected to be treated as a taxable REIT subsidiary (TRS) and is subject to U.S. federal, state and local income taxes at regular corporate tax rates. The income tax expense incurred by the TRS did not have a material impact on the Company’s accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements.
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions. These estimates and assumptions affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the condensed consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. For example, significant estimates and assumptions have been made with respect to capitalization of development costs, provision for impairment, including estimates of holding periods, capitalization rates and discount rates (where applicable), and initial valuations and related amortization periods of deferred costs and intangibles, particularly with respect to property acquisitions and initial recognition of right-of-use lease assets and lease liabilities. Actual results could differ from these estimates.
In accordance with Accounting Standards Codification Topic 205, Presentation of Financial Statements, certain prior year balances have been reclassified in order to conform to the current period presentation. Specifically, for the nine months ended September 30, 2019, the reserve for uncollectible lease income of $1,860 has been presented as a component of “Changes in accounts receivable, net” rather than the previous presentation where it was included as a component of “Other, net” in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of cash flows within “Cash flows from operating activities.” There has been no change to “Net cash provided by operating activities” for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 as a result of this reclassification.
All share amounts and dollar amounts in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, including the condensed consolidated financial statements and notes thereto, are stated in thousands with the exception of per share, per square foot and per unit amounts.
The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company, as well as all wholly owned subsidiaries and consolidated variable interest entities (VIEs). All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. Wholly owned subsidiaries generally consist of limited liability companies, limited partnerships and statutory trusts.
In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared the outbreak of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) a global pandemic. COVID-19 has caused, and could continue to cause, significant disruptions to the U.S. and global economy, including the retail sector within the U.S., and has contributed to significant volatility and negative pressure in the financial markets. Many U.S. states and cities, including where the Company owns properties and/or has development sites, imposed measures, and continue to impose measures to varying degrees, intended to control the spread of COVID-19, such as instituting “shelter-in-place” rules, limitations on public gatherings and restrictions on certain business operations and/or the types of construction projects that
6

RETAIL PROPERTIES OF AMERICA, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
may continue. As a result of the pandemic and the measures implemented to mitigate its impact, a number of the Company’s tenants were required to temporarily close their stores or modify their operations and, as a result, requested lease concessions. As of September 30, 2020, all of the Company’s properties were open for the benefit of the communities and customers that the Company’s tenants serve and approximately 94% of the Company’s tenants, based on gross leasable area, were open. While many U.S. states and cities have eased or lifted such restrictions, some have subsequently reinstated restrictions and others may do so in the future.
The Company continues to closely monitor the impact of the pandemic on all aspects of its business. Due to numerous uncertainties, it is not possible to accurately predict the ultimate impact the pandemic will have on the Company’s financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.
During the second and third quarters of 2020, the Company agreed in principle, and, in certain circumstances, executed agreements, with tenants regarding lease concessions. See a discussion regarding lease concessions executed or agreed in principle as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and related accounting treatment in Note 2 and Note 6 to the condensed consolidated financial statements.
The Company’s property ownership as of September 30, 2020 is summarized below:
Property Count
Retail operating properties102 
Expansion and redevelopment projects:
Circle East
One Loudoun Downtown – Pads G & H (a)
Carillon
The Shoppes at Quarterfield
Total number of properties105 
(a)The operating portion of this property is included within the property count for retail operating properties.
(2) SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Refer to the Company’s 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K and Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2020 for a summary of its significant accounting policies. Except as disclosed below, there have been no changes to the Company’s significant accounting policies in the three months ended September 30, 2020.
Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
In June 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2016-13, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses. This new guidance was effective January 1, 2020 and replaced the incurred loss impairment methodology with a methodology that reflects expected credit losses. Financial assets that are measured at amortized cost are required to be presented at the net amount expected to be collected with an allowance for credit losses deducted from the amortized cost basis. In addition, an entity must consider broader information in developing its expected credit loss estimate, including the use of forecasted information. In November 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-19, Codification Improvements to Topic 326, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses, which clarifies that receivables arising from operating leases are not within the scope of this new guidance. Generally, the pronouncement requires a modified retrospective method of adoption. The adoption of this pronouncement on January 1, 2020 did not have any effect on the Company’s consolidated financial statements as it did not have any financial assets within the scope of this guidance.
In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement. This new guidance was effective January 1, 2020 and provides new and, in some cases, eliminates or modifies the previously existing disclosure requirements on fair value measurements. Public entities are now required to disclose the following: (i) the changes in unrealized gains and losses for the period included in other comprehensive income for recurring Level 3 fair value measurements held at the end of the reporting period and (ii) the range and weighted average of significant unobservable inputs used to develop Level 3 fair value measurements. In addition, public entities are no longer required to disclose the following: (i) the amount of and reasons for transfers between Level 1 and Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy, (ii) the policy for timing of transfers between levels and (iii) the valuation processes for Level 3 fair value measurements. The new pronouncement also clarifies and modifies certain existing provisions to promote the appropriate exercise of discretion by entities when considering fair value measurement
7

RETAIL PROPERTIES OF AMERICA, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
disclosures and clarifies that materiality is an appropriate consideration when evaluating disclosure requirements. As permitted by the new pronouncement, the Company removed the discussion of its valuation processes for Level 3 fair value measurements. The Company did not remove any other disclosures as it did not have any transfers between levels of the fair value hierarchy during the current and comparative periods. The adoption of this pronouncement on January 1, 2020 did not have any effect on the Company’s consolidated financial statements. The amended disclosure guidance will be applied prospectively.
In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform. This temporary guidance is effective as of March 12, 2020 through December 31, 2022 to ease potential burdens related to the accounting for, or recognizing the effects of, reference rate reform on financial reporting. The guidance provides optional expedients for applying existing GAAP to contract modifications and hedging relationships affected by the move of global capital markets away from interbank offered rates, most notably the London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR). Specifically, the guidance allows for certain changes in critical terms of a designated hedging instrument or hedged item as a result of reference rate reform to not result in the dedesignation of the hedging relationship. In addition, the optional expedients related to probability and effectiveness assessments allow companies to disregard certain economic mismatches in a hedging relationship arising due to reference rate reform until both the derivative and hedged transactions have completed the transition, where current GAAP requires those mismatches to be modeled into the assessment of effectiveness. The Company adopted this guidance as of the effective date and elected to apply the optional expedients related to probability and effectiveness prospectively. The Company has not modified any hedging relationships and has disregarded the potential economic mismatches in hedging relationships due to reference rate reform during the nine months ended September 30, 2020.
In April 2020, the FASB staff issued a question-and-answer (Q&A) document focusing on the application of the lease guidance in ASC 842, Leases, for lease concessions provided as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. Prior to the Q&A, changes to lease payments that are not stipulated in the original lease contract are generally accounted for as lease modifications under ASC 842. Within the Q&A, the FASB staff provides relief for lease concessions offered as a result of the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and does not require these concessions to be accounted for in accordance with the lease modification guidance in ASC 842.
Under existing lease guidance, a company determines, on a lease-by-lease basis, if a lease concession is the result of a new arrangement with the tenant or if it is under the enforceable rights and obligations within the lease agreement. Under the relief guidance, a company can account for certain concessions (i) as if no changes to the existing lease contract were made or (ii) as a negative variable lease adjustment to lease income. This optionality is offered in circumstances when the total future payments required by the modified contract are substantially the same as the total payments required by the existing contract. Also, under the relief guidance, a company can account for certain other concessions only as a variable lease adjustment. This singular relief option is offered in circumstances including when the total future payments required by the modified contract are less than the total payments required by the existing contract (i.e., abatement) or when the total payments required are the same, but extend over a longer period of time as compared to the existing contract.
Application of the relief guidance is optional; however, it is required to be applied consistently to leases with similar characteristics and similar circumstances. The Company has elected to apply the relief guidance where lease concessions (i) have been granted as relief due to the COVID-19 pandemic and (ii) result in the cash flows remaining to be substantially the same or less than the existing contract.
Based on the policy elections made under the relief guidance as well as modifications that do not qualify for the relief guidance, the Company has accounted for lease concessions as follows:
Lease ConcessionAccounting Treatment of Concession
(i) Deferral of payment to a future period, with no change in lease termTreated as if there are no changes to the existing lease contract; no change to lease income recognized, including straight-line rental income.
(ii) Deferral of payment to a future period, with a modest extension of the lease term
(iii) Abatement
(iv) Combination of abatement and deferral
Treated as a variable lease adjustment; reduction in lease income for the abated and deferred amounts; however, no change in straight-line rental income. Any deferred amounts will be recognized as lease income when payment is received.
(v) Significant lease extension resulting in an increase in cash flowsExisting lease modification guidance under ASC 842 is followed.
8

RETAIL PROPERTIES OF AMERICA, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
See a discussion regarding lease concessions agreed to with tenants as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and related impact in Note 6 to the condensed consolidated financial statements.
(3) ACQUISITIONS AND DEVELOPMENTS IN PROGRESS
Acquisitions
The Company closed on the following acquisition during the nine months ended September 30, 2020:
DateProperty NameMetropolitan
Statistical Area (MSA)
Property TypeSquare
Footage
Acquisition
Price
February 6, 2020Fullerton MetrocenterLos AngelesFee interest (a)154,700 $55,000 
154,700 $55,000 (b)
(a)The Company acquired the fee interest in an existing multi-tenant retail operating property. In connection with this acquisition, the Company also assumed the lessor position in a ground lease with a shadow anchor.
(b)Acquisition price does not include capitalized closing costs and adjustments totaling $240.
The Company closed on the following acquisitions during the nine months ended September 30, 2019:
DateProperty NameMSAProperty TypeSquare
Footage
Acquisition
Price
March 7, 2019North Benson CenterSeattleMulti-tenant retail70,500 $25,340 
June 10, 2019Paradise Valley Marketplace – ParcelPhoenixLand (a)1,343 
August 13, 2019Southlake Town Square – ParcelDallasSingle-user parcel (b)3,100 3,293 
73,600 $29,976 (c)
(a)The Company acquired a parcel adjacent to its Paradise Valley Marketplace multi-tenant retail operating property. The total number of properties in the Company’s portfolio was not affected by this transaction.
(b)The Company acquired a single-user parcel at its Southlake Town Square multi-tenant retail operating property. The total number of properties in the Company’s portfolio was not affected by this transaction.
(c)Acquisition price does not include capitalized closing costs and adjustments totaling $316.
The following table summarizes the acquisition date values, before prorations, the Company recorded in conjunction with the acquisitions discussed above:
Nine Months Ended September 30,
20202019
Land$57,137 $14,819 
Building and other improvements, net1,623 13,667 
Acquired lease intangible assets (a)2,014 2,040 
Acquired lease intangible liabilities (b)(5,534)(234)
Net assets acquired$55,240 $30,292 
(a)The weighted average amortization period for acquired lease intangible assets is 17 years and six years for acquisitions completed during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively.
(b)The weighted average amortization period for acquired lease intangible liabilities is 17 years and five years for acquisitions completed during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively.
These acquisitions were funded using a combination of available cash on hand, proceeds from dispositions and proceeds from the Company’s unsecured revolving line of credit. All of the acquisitions completed during 2020 and 2019 were considered asset acquisitions and, as such, transaction costs were capitalized upon closing.
In addition, the Company capitalized $633 and $1,900 of internal salaries and related benefits of personnel directly involved in capital upgrades and tenant improvements during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, respectively, and $679 and $2,004 during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, respectively. The Company also capitalized internal leasing incentives of $66 and $168 during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, respectively, and $111 and $247 during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, respectively, all of which were incremental to signed leases.
9

RETAIL PROPERTIES OF AMERICA, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
Developments in Progress
The carrying amount of the Company’s developments in progress are as follows:
Property NameMSASeptember 30, 2020December 31, 2019
Expansion and redevelopment projects
Circle East (a)Baltimore$36,774 $33,628 
One Loudoun DowntownWashington, D.C.70,100 27,868 
CarillonWashington, D.C.33,086 26,407 
The Shoppes at QuarterfieldBaltimore2,003 
Pad development projects
Southlake Town SquareDallas952 
142,915 87,903 
Land held for future development
One Loudoun UptownWashington, D.C.25,450 25,450 
Total developments in progress$168,365 $113,353 
(a)During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company received net proceeds of $11,820 in connection with the sale of air rights to a third party to develop multi-family rental units at Circle East, which is shown net in the “Developments in progress” balance as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019 in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets.
In response to current macroeconomic conditions related to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Company halted plans for vertical construction at its Carillon redevelopment during the three months ended March 31, 2020 and materially reduced the planned scope and spend for the project. As of September 30, 2020, the Company had completed the current scope of site work preparation at the property in anticipation of future vertical development at the site.
The Company capitalized $1,338 and $4,001 of indirect project costs related to redevelopment projects during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, including, among other costs, $318 and $1,019 of internal salaries and related benefits of personnel directly involved in the redevelopment projects and $804 and $2,325 of interest, respectively. The Company capitalized $1,204 and $2,437 of indirect project costs related to redevelopment projects during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, including, among other costs, $366 and $1,066 of internal salaries and related benefits of personnel directly involved in the redevelopment projects and $570 and $940 of interest, respectively.
Variable Interest Entities
As of January 1, 2020, the Company had joint ventures related to the development, ownership and operation of the (i) multi-family rental portion of the expansion project at One Loudoun Downtown – Pads G & H, of which joint venture the Company owned 90%; (ii) multi-family rental portion of the redevelopment project at Carillon, of which joint venture the Company owned 95%, and (iii) medical office building portion of the redevelopment project at Carillon, of which joint venture the Company owned 95%.
The joint ventures are considered VIEs primarily because the Company’s joint venture partners do not have substantive kick-out rights or substantive participating rights. The Company is considered the primary beneficiary as it has a controlling financial interest in each joint venture. As such, the Company has consolidated these joint ventures and presented the joint venture partners’ interests as noncontrolling interests.
As a result of halting the planned vertical construction at Carillon, the Company terminated (i) the joint venture related to the multi-family rental portion of the redevelopment during the three months ended March 31, 2020 and (ii) the joint venture related to the medical office building portion of the redevelopment during the three months ended June 30, 2020. In accordance with the terms of the joint venture agreements, costs incurred prior to the terminations were funded evenly by the partners and there was no payment between the partners upon termination. Subsequent to the terminations, if the Company commences the redevelopment and uses the materials developed, or approvals obtained, by the joint venture partners, the Company is required to reimburse the partners’ costs incurred in connection with such materials and/or approvals. As a result of the terminations, the Company reclassified the noncontrolling interest balance of $2,217 from noncontrolling interests to additional paid-in capital within equity. There was no gain or loss recognized in connection with the terminations.
10

RETAIL PROPERTIES OF AMERICA, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
As of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Company recorded the following related to the consolidated joint ventures:
September 30, 2020December 31, 2019
One Loudoun Downtown –
Pads G & H
Carillon – Phase One
Multi-family Rental
Carillon – Phase One
Medical Office
TotalOne Loudoun Downtown –
Pads G & H
Carillon – Phase One
Multi-family Rental
Carillon – Phase One
Medical Office
Total
Net investment properties$59,678 $$$59,678 $8,830 $2,940 $675 $12,445 
Other assets, net$336 $$$336 $164 $$$164 
Other liabilities$7,361 $$$7,361 $1,546 $32 $129 $1,707 
Noncontrolling interests$4,507 $$$4,507 $1,869 $1,454 $273 $3,596 
During the three months ended September 30, 2020, the Company funded $758 of the partner’s development costs related to One Loudoun Downtown – Pads G & H through a loan provided by the Company to the joint venture. The loan is secured by the joint venture project, is required to be repaid subsequent to the completion of construction and stabilization of the project and is eliminated upon consolidation. Under terms defined in the joint venture agreement, after construction completion and stabilization of the development project, the Company has the ability to call, and the joint venture partner has the ability to put to the Company, subject to certain conditions, the joint venture partner’s interest in the joint venture at fair value. The Company has not provided financial support to the VIE in excess of any amounts that it is contractually required to provide. There was no income from the joint venture projects during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 and, as such, no income was attributed to the noncontrolling interests.
(4) DISPOSITIONS
The Company closed on the following disposition during the nine months ended September 30, 2020:
DateProperty NameProperty TypeSquare
Footage
ConsiderationAggregate
Proceeds, Net (a)
Gain
February 13, 2020King Philip’s CrossingMulti-tenant retail105,900 $13,900 $11,343 $
105,900 $13,900 $11,343 $
(a)Aggregate proceeds are net of transaction costs and exclude $26 of condemnation proceeds, which did not result in recognition of a gain.
The Company closed on the following dispositions during the nine months ended September 30, 2019:
DateProperty NameProperty TypeSquare
Footage
ConsiderationAggregate
Proceeds, Net (a)
Gain
March 8, 2019Edwards Multiplex – Fresno (b)Single-user retail94,600 $25,850 $21,605 $8,449 
June 28, 2019North Rivers Towne CenterMulti-tenant retail141,500 18,900 17,989 6,881 
236,100 $44,750 $39,594 $15,330 
(a)Aggregate proceeds are net of transaction costs.
(b)Prior to the disposition, the Company was subject to a ground lease whereby it leased the underlying land from a third party. The ground lease was assumed by the purchaser in connection with the disposition.
During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company also received net proceeds of $5,062 and recognized a gain of $3,542 in connection with the sale of the second and third phases of a land parcel, which included rights to develop 22 residential units, at One Loudoun Downtown. The aggregate proceeds from the property dispositions and other transactions during the nine months ended September 30, 2019 totaled $44,656, with aggregate gains of $18,872.
None of the dispositions completed during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 qualified for discontinued operations treatment and none are considered individually significant.
As of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, 0 properties qualified for held for sale accounting treatment.
11

RETAIL PROPERTIES OF AMERICA, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
(5) EQUITY COMPENSATION PLANS
The Company’s Amended and Restated 2014 Long-Term Equity Compensation Plan, subject to certain conditions, authorizes the issuance of incentive and non-qualified stock options, restricted stock and restricted stock units, stock appreciation rights and other similar awards to the Company’s employees, non-employee directors, consultants and advisors in connection with compensation and incentive arrangements that may be established by the Company’s board of directors or executive management.
The following table summarizes the Company’s unvested restricted shares as of and for the nine months ended September 30, 2020:
Unvested
Restricted Shares
Weighted Average
Grant Date
Fair Value per
Restricted Share
Balance as of January 1, 2020535 $12.46 
Shares granted (a)624 $11.66 
Shares vested(291)$12.76 
Balance as of September 30, 2020 (b)868 $11.78 
(a)Shares granted vest over periods ranging from 0.9 years to three years in accordance with the terms of applicable award agreements.
(b)As of September 30, 2020, total unrecognized compensation expense related to unvested restricted shares was $3,326, which is expected to be amortized over a weighted average term of 1.2 years.
The following table summarizes the Company’s unvested performance restricted stock units (RSUs) as of and for the nine months ended September 30, 2020:
Unvested
RSUs
Weighted Average
Grant Date
Fair Value per RSU
RSUs eligible for future conversion as of January 1, 2020839 $13.10 
RSUs granted (a)331 $13.67 
Conversion of RSUs to common stock and restricted shares (b)(196)$15.52 
RSUs eligible for future conversion as of September 30, 2020 (c)974 $12.81 
(a)Assumptions and inputs as of the grant date included a risk-free interest rate of 1.54%, the Company’s historical common stock performance relative to the peer companies within the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts (NAREIT) Shopping Center Index and the Company’s common stock dividend yield of 5.07%. Subject to continued employment, in 2023, following the performance period which concludes on December 31, 2022, one-third of the RSUs that are earned will convert into shares of common stock and two-thirds will convert into restricted shares with a one year vesting term.
(b)On February 10, 2020, 196 RSUs converted into 105 shares of common stock and 175 restricted shares that will vest on December 31, 2020, subject to continued employment through such date, after applying a conversion rate of 142.5% based upon the Company’s Total Shareholder Return (TSR) relative to the TSRs of its peer companies for the performance period that concluded on December 31, 2019. An additional 43 shares of common stock were also issued, representing the dividends that would have been paid on the earned awards during the performance period.
(c)As of September 30, 2020, total unrecognized compensation expense related to unvested RSUs was $5,928, which is expected to be amortized over a weighted average term of 2.0 years.
During the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, the Company recorded compensation expense of $2,280 and $1,849, respectively, related to the amortization of unvested restricted shares and RSUs. During the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, the Company recorded compensation expense of $6,734 and $5,672, respectively, related to the amortization of unvested restricted shares and RSUs. The total fair value of restricted shares that vested during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 was $2,962. In addition, the total fair value of RSUs that converted into common stock during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 was $1,321.
Prior to 2013, non-employee directors had been granted options to acquire shares under the Company’s Third Amended and Restated Independent Director Stock Option and Incentive Plan. As of September 30, 2020, options to purchase 16 shares of common stock remained outstanding and exercisable pursuant to such plan. The Company did 0t grant any options in 2020 or
12

RETAIL PROPERTIES OF AMERICA, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
2019 and did 0t record any compensation expense related to stock options during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019.
(6) LEASES
Leases as Lessor
Lease income related to the Company’s operating leases is comprised of the following:
Three Months Ended
September 30,
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
2020201920202019
Lease income related to fixed and variable lease payments
Base rent (a) (b)$83,871 $89,754 $264,974 $267,823 
Percentage and specialty rent (c)488 610 1,812 2,612 
Tenant recoveries (b) (c)26,429 26,323 75,994 79,029 
Lease termination fee income (c)223 331 599 1,751 
Other lease-related income (c)1,232 1,560 3,781 4,446 
Straight-line rental income, net (d)(269)581 (1,212)2,697 
Other
Uncollectible lease income, net (e)(5,039)(569)(25,415)(1,046)
Amortization of above and below market lease intangibles
and lease inducements
423 1,127 2,323 3,557 
Lease income$107,358 $119,717 $322,856 $360,869 
(a)Base rent primarily consists of fixed lease payments; however, it is partially offset by adjustments of $6,051 and $6,102 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, respectively, related to executed lease concessions granted as relief due to COVID-19 and treated as negative variable lease adjustments to base rent in accordance with the Company’s policy elections related to the accounting treatment of such lease concessions.
(b)Base rent and tenant recoveries for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 are presented gross of any uncollected amounts related to cash-basis tenants. Such uncollected amounts are reflected within “Uncollectible lease income, net.”
(c)Represents lease income related to variable lease payments.
(d)Represents lease income related to fixed lease payments. Straight-line rental income, net includes changes in allowances for doubtful straight-line receivables of $(3,089) and $(710) for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, and $(5,760) and $(1,524) for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively.
(e)Uncollectible lease income, net is comprised of (i) uncollected amounts related to tenants being accounted for on the cash basis of accounting of $3,869 and $11,938 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, respectively, (ii) a reserve, which includes the estimated impact for lease concession agreements that have not yet been executed of $4,517 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, and other general reserve amounts, and (iii) the reclassification of amounts related to lease concession agreements that were executed during the current period and treated as negative variable lease adjustments, however were agreed in principle in the prior quarter of $(4,381) for the three months ended September 30, 2020.
During the second and third quarters of 2020, the Company agreed in principle, and, in certain circumstances, executed agreements, with tenants regarding lease concessions. The majority of these concessions are for the deferral of amounts billed, without an extension of the lease term and, as such, meet deferral accounting treatment. However, certain of these lease concessions do not meet deferral accounting treatment as they include abatement, a combination of deferral and abatement, are deferrals with a modest extension of the lease term, or provide a concession with the extension of the existing lease term. The majority of the amounts addressed by the lease concessions are base rent, although certain concessions also address tenant recoveries and other charges. As of September 30, 2020, the Company agreed in principle and, in certain circumstances, executed lease concessions to defer, without an extension of the lease term, $7,965 and $4,878 of previously uncollected base rent charges related to the second and third quarters of 2020, respectively, and to address an additional $6,965 and $3,028 of previously uncollected base rent charges related to the second and third quarters of 2020, respectively, through abatement, a combination of deferral and abatement or a concession with the extension of the lease term. As of September 30, 2020, the amounts that have been deferred to future periods under executed lease concessions, on a weighted average basis, are expected to be received starting approximately four months from September 30, 2020 and will be received over a period of approximately 11 months once started.
13

RETAIL PROPERTIES OF AMERICA, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
Subsequent to September 30, 2020, the Company agreed in principle and, in certain circumstances, executed agreements with additional tenants whereby it expects to address an additional $765 and $190 of previously uncollected base rent charges related to the second and third quarters of 2020, respectively. Furthermore, the Company agreed in principle and, in certain circumstances, executed agreements with tenants whereby it expects to address through lease concessions approximately $937 of base rent charges pertaining to future periods. The Company can make no assurances that the in-process lease amendments will ultimately be executed in the lease concession type being actively negotiated, or at all. Refer to Note 2 to the condensed consolidated financial statements for a discussion of the accounting treatment for lease concessions as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.
The Company has not yet reached agreements, and in some cases does not anticipate reaching agreements, to defer or abate rent with certain tenants regarding concession requests, as discussions are ongoing. During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company applied $2,999 of security deposits to previously uncollected accounts receivable.
Leases as Lessee
During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company extended the term of 1 office lease resulting in an additional lease liability and right-of-use lease asset of $383.
(7) DEBT
The Company has the following types of indebtedness: (i) mortgages payable, (ii) unsecured notes payable, (iii) unsecured term loans and (iv) an unsecured revolving line of credit.
Mortgages Payable
The following table summarizes the Company’s mortgages payable:
September 30, 2020December 31, 2019
BalanceWeighted
Average
Interest Rate
Weighted
Average Years
to Maturity
BalanceWeighted
Average
Interest Rate
Weighted
Average Years
to Maturity
Fixed rate mortgages payable (a)$92,744 4.36 %4.3$94,904 4.37 %5.1
Discount, net of accumulated amortization(461)(493)
Capitalized loan fees, net of accumulated
amortization
(208)(256)
Mortgages payable, net$92,075 $94,155 
(a)The fixed rate mortgages had interest rates ranging from 3.75% to 4.82% and 3.75% to 7.48% as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively.
During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company prepaid a $306 mortgage payable, which had a fixed interest rate of 7.48%, incurred a $16 debt prepayment fee and made scheduled principal payments of $1,854 related to amortizing loans.
14

RETAIL PROPERTIES OF AMERICA, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
Unsecured Notes Payable
The following table summarizes the Company’s unsecured notes payable:
September 30, 2020December 31, 2019
Unsecured Notes PayableMaturity DateBalanceInterest Rate/
Weighted Average
Interest Rate
BalanceInterest Rate/
Weighted Average
Interest Rate
Senior notes – 4.12% due 2021June 30, 2021$%$100,000 4.12 %
Senior notes – 4.58% due 2024June 30, 2024150,000 4.58 %150,000 4.58 %
Senior notes – 4.00% due 2025March 15, 2025350,000 4.00 %250,000 4.00 %
Senior notes – 4.08% due 2026September 30, 2026100,000 4.08 %100,000 4.08 %
Senior notes – 4.24% due 2028December 28, 2028100,000 4.24 %100,000 4.24 %
Senior notes – 4.82% due 2029June 28, 2029100,000 4.82 %100,000 4.82 %
Senior notes – 4.75% due 2030September 15, 2030400,000 4.75 %%
1,200,000 4.42 %800,000 4.27 %
Discount, net of accumulated amortization(6,687)(616)
Capitalized loan fees, net of accumulated amortization(7,834)(3,137)
Total$1,185,479 $796,247 
Notes Due 2030
On August 25, 2020, the Company completed a public offering of $400,000 in aggregate principal amount of 4.75% senior unsecured notes due 2030 (Notes Due 2030). The Notes Due 2030 were priced at 98.684% of the principal amount to yield 4.917% to maturity and will mature on September 15, 2030, unless earlier redeemed. The proceeds were used to repay (i) the Company’s $250,000 unsecured term loan due 2021, (ii) the $100,000 principal balance of the Company’s 4.12% senior unsecured notes due 2021 (Notes Due 2021), (iii) borrowings on the Company’s unsecured revolving line of credit, and (iv) general corporate purposes. The Company made make-whole provision payments totaling $2,770 in connection with the repayment of the Notes Due 2021.
The indenture, as supplemented, governing the Notes Due 2030 contains customary covenants and events of default. Pursuant to the terms of the indenture, the Company is subject to various financial covenants, including the requirement to maintain the following: (i) maximum secured and consolidated leverage ratios; (ii) a debt service coverage ratio; and (iii) maintenance of an unencumbered assets to unsecured debt ratio.
Notes Due 2025
On July 21, 2020, the Company completed a public offering of $100,000 in aggregate principal amount of 4.00% senior unsecured notes due 2025 (Notes Due 2025), issued at 99.010% of par value to yield 4.236% plus accrued and unpaid interest from March 15, 2020 through July 20, 2020. This $100,000 offering constitutes a further issuance of, and forms a single series with, the Company’s previously issued Notes Due 2025 and will mature on March 15, 2025, unless earlier redeemed. The total aggregate principal amount of Notes Due 2025 currently outstanding is $350,000, which enables the Notes Due 2025 to be eligible for index inclusion. The proceeds were used to repay borrowings on the Company’s unsecured revolving line of credit and for general corporate purposes.
15

RETAIL PROPERTIES OF AMERICA, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
Unsecured Term Loans and Revolving Line of Credit
The following table summarizes the Company’s term loans and revolving line of credit:
September 30, 2020December 31, 2019
Maturity DateBalanceInterest
Rate
BalanceInterest
Rate
Unsecured credit facility term loan due 2021 – fixed rate (a)January 5, 2021$%$250,000 3.20 %
Unsecured term loan due 2023 – fixed rate (b)November 22, 2023200,000 4.05 %200,000 4.05 %
Unsecured term loan due 2024 – fixed rate (c)July 17, 2024120,000 2.88 %120,000 2.88 %
Unsecured term loan due 2026 – fixed rate (d)July 17, 2026150,000 3.27 %150,000 3.27 %
Subtotal470,000 720,000 
Capitalized loan fees, net of accumulated amortization(2,609)(3,477)
Term loans, net$467,391 $716,523 
Unsecured credit facility revolving line of credit –
variable rate (e)
April 22, 2022$1.20 %$18,000 2.85 %
(a)As of December 31, 2019, $250,000 of LIBOR-based variable rate debt had been swapped to a fixed rate of 2.00% plus a credit spread based on a leverage grid ranging from 1.20% to 1.70% through January 5, 2021. The applicable credit spread was 1.20% as of December 31, 2019.
(b)$200,000 of LIBOR-based variable rate debt has been swapped to a fixed rate of 2.85% plus a credit spread based on a leverage grid ranging from 1.20% to 1.85% through November 22, 2023. The applicable credit spread was 1.20% as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.
(c)$120,000 of LIBOR-based variable rate debt has been swapped to a fixed rate of 1.68% plus a credit spread based on a leverage grid ranging from 1.20% to 1.70% through July 17, 2024. The applicable credit spread was 1.20% as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.
(d)$150,000 of LIBOR-based variable rate debt has been swapped to a fixed rate of 1.77% plus a credit spread based on a leverage grid ranging from 1.50% to 2.20% through July 17, 2026. The applicable credit spread was 1.50% as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.
(e)Excludes capitalized loan fees, which are included within “Other assets, net” in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets. The revolving line of credit has 2 six-month extension options that the Company can exercise, at its election, subject to (i) customary representations and warranties, including, but not limited to, the absence of an event of default as defined in the unsecured credit agreement and (ii) payment of an extension fee equal to 0.075% of the revolving line of credit capacity.
Unsecured Credit Facility
On April 23, 2018, the Company entered into its fifth amended and restated credit agreement with a syndicate of financial institutions to provide for an unsecured credit facility aggregating $1,100,000, consisting of an $850,000 unsecured revolving line of credit that matures on April 22, 2022 and a $250,000 unsecured term loan that matures on January 5, 2021 (Unsecured Credit Facility). During the three months ended September 30, 2020, the Company repaid the $250,000 unsecured term loan that bore interest at a rate of LIBOR plus a credit spread ranging from 1.20% to 1.70% with proceeds from the issuance of the Notes Due 2030. The unsecured revolving line of credit is priced on a leverage grid at a rate of LIBOR plus a credit spread. In accordance with the unsecured credit agreement, the credit spread set forth in the leverage grid resets quarterly based on the Company’s leverage, as calculated at the previous quarter end, and the Company has the option to make an irrevocable election to convert to an investment grade pricing grid. As of September 30, 2020, making such an election would have resulted in a higher interest rate and, as such, the Company has not made the election to convert to an investment grade pricing grid.
The following table summarizes the key terms of the unsecured revolving line of credit:
Leverage-Based PricingInvestment Grade Pricing
Unsecured Credit FacilityMaturity DateExtension OptionExtension FeeCredit SpreadFacility FeeCredit SpreadFacility Fee
$850,000 unsecured revolving line of credit4/22/20222 six-month0.075%
1.05%1.50%
0.15%–0.30%0.825%–1.55%0.125%–0.30%
The Unsecured Credit Facility has a $500,000 accordion option that allows the Company, at its election, to increase the total Unsecured Credit Facility up to $1,350,000, subject to (i) customary fees and conditions including, but not limited to, the
16

RETAIL PROPERTIES OF AMERICA, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
absence of an event of default as defined in the unsecured credit agreement and (ii) the Company’s ability to obtain additional lender commitments.
Unsecured Term Loans
As of September 30, 2020, the Company has the following unsecured term loans: (i) a seven-year $200,000 unsecured term loan (Term Loan Due 2023), (ii) a five-year $120,000 unsecured term loan (Term Loan Due 2024) and (iii) a seven-year $150,000 unsecured term loan (Term Loan Due 2026), each of which bears interest at a rate of LIBOR, adjusted based on applicable reserve percentages established by the Federal Reserve, plus a credit spread based on a leverage grid. In accordance with the respective term loan agreements, the credit spread set forth in the leverage grid resets quarterly based on the Company’s leverage, as calculated at the previous quarter end, and the Company has the option to make an irrevocable election to convert to an investment grade pricing grid. As of September 30, 2020, making such an election would have resulted in a higher interest rate for each of the unsecured term loans and, as such, the Company has not made the election to convert to an investment grade pricing grid.
The following table summarizes the key terms of the unsecured term loans:
Unsecured Term LoansMaturity DateLeverage-Based Pricing
Credit Spread
Investment Grade Pricing
Credit Spread
$200,000 unsecured term loan due 202311/22/20231.20 %1.85%0.85 %1.65%
$120,000 unsecured term loan due 20247/17/20241.20 %1.70%0.80 %1.65%
$150,000 unsecured term loan due 20267/17/20261.50 %2.20%1.35 %2.25%
The Term Loan Due 2024 has a $130,000 accordion option and the Term Loan Due 2026 has a $100,000 accordion option that, collectively, allow the Company, at its election, to increase the total of the Term Loan Due 2024 and Term Loan Due 2026 up to $500,000, subject to (i) customary fees and conditions, including the absence of an event of default as defined in the term loan agreement and (ii) the Company’s ability to obtain additional lender commitments.
The Term Loan Due 2023 has a $100,000 accordion option that allows the Company, at its election, to increase the Term Loan Due 2023 up to $300,000, subject to (i) customary fees and conditions, including the absence of an event of default as defined in the amended term loan agreement and (ii) the Company’s ability to obtain additional lender commitments.
Debt Maturities
The following table summarizes the scheduled maturities and principal amortization of the Company’s indebtedness as of September 30, 2020 for the remainder of 2020, each of the next four years and thereafter, and the weighted average interest rates by year.
20202021202220232024ThereafterTotal
Debt:       
Fixed rate debt:       
Mortgages payable (a)$588 $2,409 $26,641 $31,758 $1,737 $29,611 $92,744 
Fixed rate term loans (b)200,000 120,000 150,000 470,000 
Unsecured notes payable (c)150,000 1,050,000 1,200,000 
Total fixed rate debt588 2,409 26,641 231,758 271,737 1,229,611 1,762,744 
Variable rate debt:       
Variable rate revolving line of credit
Total debt (d)$588 $2,409 $26,641 $231,758 $271,737 $1,229,611 $1,762,744 
Weighted average interest rate on debt:       
Fixed rate debt4.08 %4.08 %4.81 %4.06 %3.83 %4.26 %4.17 %
Variable rate debt (e)1.20 %1.20 %
Total4.08 %4.08 %4.81 %4.06 %3.83 %4.26 %4.17 %
(a)Excludes mortgage discount of $(461) and capitalized loan fees of $(208), net of accumulated amortization, as of September 30, 2020.
17

RETAIL PROPERTIES OF AMERICA, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
(b)Excludes capitalized loan fees of $(2,609), net of accumulated amortization, as of September 30, 2020. The following variable rate term loans have been swapped to fixed rate debt: (i) $200,000 of LIBOR-based variable rate debt has been swapped to a fixed rate of 2.85% plus a credit spread based on a leverage grid through November 22, 2023; (ii) $120,000 of LIBOR-based variable rate debt has been swapped to a fixed rate of 1.68% plus a credit spread based on a leverage grid through July 17, 2024; and (iii) $150,000 of LIBOR-based variable rate debt has been swapped to a fixed rate of 1.77% plus a credit spread based on a leverage grid through July 17, 2026. As of September 30, 2020, the applicable credit spread for (i) and (ii) was 1.20% and for (iii) was 1.50%.
(c)Excludes discount of $(6,687) and capitalized loan fees of $(7,834), net of accumulated amortization, as of September 30, 2020.
(d)The weighted average years to maturity of consolidated indebtedness was 6.1 years as of September 30, 2020.
(e)Represents interest rate as of September 30, 2020, however, the revolving line of credit was not drawn as of September 30, 2020.
The Company’s unsecured debt agreements, consisting of the (i) unsecured credit agreement, as amended, governing the Unsecured Credit Facility, (ii) term loan agreement, as amended, governing the Term Loan Due 2023, (iii) term loan agreement, as amended, governing the Term Loan Due 2024 and Term Loan Due 2026, (iv) note purchase agreement governing the 4.58% senior unsecured notes due 2024 (Notes Due 2024), (v) indenture, as supplemented, governing the Notes Due 2025, (vi) note purchase agreement governing the 4.08% senior unsecured notes due 2026 and the 4.24% senior unsecured notes due 2028 (Notes Due 2026 and 2028), (vii) note purchase agreement governing the 4.82% senior unsecured notes due 2029 (Notes Due 2029) and (viii) indenture, as supplemented, governing the Notes Due 2030, contain customary representations, warranties and covenants, and events of default. These include financial covenants such as (i) maximum unencumbered, secured and consolidated leverage ratios; (ii) minimum interest coverage ratios; (iii) minimum fixed charge coverage ratios; (iv) minimum unencumbered interest coverage ratios; (v) a minimum debt service coverage ratio; and (vi) a minimum unencumbered assets to unsecured debt ratio. All financial covenants that include operating results, or derivations thereof, in their calculations are based on the most recent four fiscal quarters of activity. As of September 30, 2020, management believes the Company was in compliance with the financial covenants and default provisions under the unsecured debt agreements.
The Company plans on addressing its debt maturities through a combination of (i) cash flows generated from operations, (ii) working capital, (iii) capital markets transactions and (iv) its unsecured revolving line of credit.
(8) DERIVATIVES
The Company’s objective in using interest rate derivatives is to manage its exposure to interest rate movements and add stability to interest expense. To accomplish this objective, the Company uses interest rate swaps as part of its interest rate risk management strategy. Interest rate swaps designated as cash flow hedges involve the receipt of variable rate amounts from a counterparty in exchange for the Company making fixed rate payments over the life of the agreement without exchange of the underlying notional amount.
As of September 30, 2020, the Company has 8 interest rate swaps to hedge the variable cash flows associated with variable rate debt. Changes in fair value of the derivatives that are designated and that qualify as cash flow hedges are recorded in “Accumulated other comprehensive loss” and are reclassified into interest expense as interest payments are made on the Company’s variable rate debt. Over the next 12 months, the Company estimates that an additional $10,927 will be reclassified as an increase to interest expense.
The following table summarizes the Company’s interest rate swaps as of September 30, 2020, which effectively convert one-month floating rate LIBOR to a fixed rate:
Number of InstrumentsEffective DateAggregate
Notional
Fixed
Interest Rate
Maturity Date
NaNNovember 23, 2018$200,000 2.85 %November 22, 2023
NaNAugust 15, 2019$120,000 1.68 %July 17, 2024
NaNAugust 15, 2019$150,000 1.77 %July 17, 2026
The Company previously had 3 interest rate swaps with notional amounts totaling $250,000 and a maturity date of January 5, 2021 that were terminated in conjunction with the repayment of the Company’s $250,000 unsecured term loan due 2021 during the three months ended September 30, 2020. At termination, these 3 interest rate swaps were in a liability position and had a fair value of $1,699. The associated other comprehensive income will be amortized into expense through the original maturity date. As a result, the Company recognized $451 of interest expense, which is included within “Interest expense” in the
18

RETAIL PROPERTIES OF AMERICA, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations and other comprehensive income (loss), in connection with the termination of these swaps during the three months ended September 30, 2020.
The following table summarizes the Company’s interest rate swaps that were designated as cash flow hedges of interest rate risk:
 Number of InstrumentsNotional
Interest Rate DerivativesSeptember 30, 2020December 31, 2019September 30, 2020December 31, 2019
Interest rate swaps11 $470,000 $720,000 
The table below presents the estimated fair value of the Company’s derivative financial instruments, which are presented within “Other liabilities” in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets. The valuation techniques used are described in Note 12 to the condensed consolidated financial statements.
Fair Value
September 30, 2020December 31, 2019
Derivatives designated as cash flow hedges:
Interest rate swaps$34,804 $12,288 
The following table presents the effect of the Company’s derivative financial instruments on the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations and other comprehensive income (loss) for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019:
Derivatives in
Cash Flow
Hedging
Relationships
Amount of Loss
Recognized in Other
Comprehensive Income
on Derivative
Location of Loss (Gain)
Reclassified from
Accumulated Other
Comprehensive Income
(AOCI) into Income
Amount of Loss (Gain)
Reclassified from
AOCI into Income
Total Interest Expense
Presented in the Statements
of Operations in which
the Effects of Cash Flow
Hedges are Recorded
Three Months Ended
September 30,
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
Three Months Ended
September 30,
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
Three Months Ended
September 30,
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
2020$492 $31,446 Interest expense$3,616 $7,682 $21,941 $58,347 
2019$7,159 $16,760 Interest expense$$(213)$25,084 $59,877 
(9) EQUITY
The Company has an existing common stock repurchase program under which it may repurchase, from time to time, up to a maximum of $500,000 of shares of its Class A common stock. The shares may be repurchased in the open market or in privately negotiated transactions and are canceled upon repurchase. The timing and actual number of shares repurchased will depend on a variety of factors, including price in absolute terms and in relation to the value of the Company’s assets, corporate and regulatory requirements, market conditions and other corporate liquidity requirements and priorities. The common stock repurchase program may be suspended or terminated at any time without prior notice. The Company did 0t repurchase any shares during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019. As of September 30, 2020, $189,105 remained available for repurchases of shares of the Company’s common stock under its common stock repurchase program.
19

RETAIL PROPERTIES OF AMERICA, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
(10) EARNINGS PER SHARE
The following table summarizes the components used in the calculation of basic and diluted earnings per share (EPS):
Three Months Ended
September 30,
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 2020 20192020 2019 
Numerator:    
Net (loss) income attributable to common shareholders$(2,288)$(28,153)$12,722 $16,225 
Earnings allocated to unvested restricted shares(105)(244)(295)
Net (loss) income attributable to common shareholders
excluding amounts attributable to unvested restricted shares
$(2,288)$(28,258)$12,478 $15,930 
Denominator:     
Denominator for (loss) earnings per common share – basic:       
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding213,385 (a)212,995 (b)213,312 (a)212,932 (b)
Effect of dilutive securities:
Stock options(c)(c)(c)(c)
RSUs(d)(e)(d)124 (e)
Denominator for (loss) earnings per common share – diluted:
Weighted average number of common and common
equivalent shares outstanding
213,385  212,995 213,312  213,056  
(a)Excludes 868 shares of unvested restricted common stock as of September 30, 2020, which equate to 868 and 790 shares for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, respectively, on a weighted average basis. These shares will continue to be excluded from the computation of basic EPS until contingencies are resolved and the shares are released.
(b)Excludes 660 shares of unvested restricted common stock as of September 30, 2019, which equate to 661 and 641 shares for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, respectively, on a weighted average basis. These shares were excluded from the computation of basic EPS as the contingencies remained and the shares had not been released as of the end of the reporting period.
(c)There were outstanding options to purchase 16 and 22 shares of common stock as of September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, at a weighted average exercise price of $15.87 and $17.34, respectively. Of these totals, outstanding options to purchase 16 and 18 shares of common stock as of September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, at a weighted average exercise price of $15.87 and $18.58, respectively, have been excluded from the common shares used in calculating diluted EPS as including them would be anti-dilutive.
(d)As of September 30, 2020, there were 974 RSUs eligible for future conversion upon completion of the performance periods (see Note 5 to the condensed consolidated financial statements), which equate to 974 and 972 RSUs, respectively, on a weighted average basis for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020. These contingently issuable shares have been excluded from the common shares used in calculating diluted EPS as including them would be anti-dilutive.
(e)As of September 30, 2019, there were 839 RSUs eligible for future conversion upon completion of the performance periods, which equate to 839 and 836 RSUs, respectively, on a weighted average basis for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019. For the three months ended September 30, 2019, these contingently issuable shares have been excluded from the common shares used in calculating diluted EPS as including them would be anti-dilutive. For the nine months ended September 30, 2019, these contingently issuable shares are a component of calculating diluted EPS.
20

RETAIL PROPERTIES OF AMERICA, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
(11) PROVISION FOR IMPAIRMENT OF INVESTMENT PROPERTIES
As of September 30, 2020 and 2019, the Company identified indicators of impairment at certain of its properties. Such indicators included a low occupancy rate, difficulty in leasing space and related cost of re-leasing, significant exposure to financially troubled tenants or reduced anticipated holding periods. The following table summarizes the results of these analyses as of September 30, 2020 and 2019:
September 30, 2020September 30, 2019
Number of properties for which indicators of impairment were identified(a)
Less: number of properties for which an impairment charge was recorded
Less: number of properties that were held for sale as of the date the analysis was performed
for which indicators of impairment were identified but no impairment charge was recorded
Remaining properties for which indicators of impairment were identified but
no impairment charge was considered necessary
Weighted average percentage by which the projected undiscounted cash flows exceeded
its respective carrying value for each of the remaining properties (b)
141 %20 %
(a)Includes 1 property which has subsequently been sold as of September 30, 2020.
(b)Based upon the estimated holding period for each asset where an undiscounted cash flow analysis was performed.
The Company recorded the following investment property impairment charges during the nine months ended September 30, 2020:
Property NameProperty TypeImpairment DateSquare
Footage
Provision for
Impairment of
Investment
Properties
King Philip’s Crossing (a)Multi-tenant retailFebruary 13, 2020105,900 $346 
Streets of Yorktown (b)Multi-tenant retailSeptember 30, 202085,200 2,279 
$2,625 
Estimated fair value of impaired properties as of impairment date$14,144 
(a)The Company recorded an impairment charge on December 31, 2019 based upon the terms and conditions of an executed sales contract. This property was sold on February 13, 2020, at which time additional impairment was recognized pursuant to the terms and conditions of an executed sales contract.
(b)The Company recorded an impairment charge as a result of a combination of factors, including expected impact on future operating results stemming from changes in lease terms related to the tenant population and a change in expected hold period.
The Company recorded the following investment property impairment charge during the nine months ended September 30, 2019:
Property NameProperty TypeImpairment DateSquare
Footage
Provision for
Impairment of
Investment
Properties
Streets of Yorktown (a)Multi-tenant retailSeptember 30, 201985,200 $11,177 
$11,177 
Estimated fair value of impaired property as of impairment date$5,300 
(a)The Company recorded an impairment charge as a result of a combination of factors, including expected impact on future operating results stemming from anticipated changes in lease terms related to the tenant population and a re-evaluation of the strategic alternatives for the property.
The extent to which COVID-19 impacts the Company and its tenants will depend, in part, on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted with confidence. If the effects of COVID-19 cause economic and market conditions to continue to deteriorate or if the Company’s expected holding period for assets change, subsequent tests for impairment could result in impairment charges in the future. As of September 30, 2020, the Company does not consider the impacts of COVID-19, including tenant requests for lease concessions, to be impairment indicators. However, indications of a tenant’s inability to continue as a going concern, changes in the Company’s view or strategy relative to a tenant’s business or industry as
21

RETAIL PROPERTIES OF AMERICA, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
a result of COVID-19, or changes in the Company’s long-term hold strategies could change in future periods. The Company will continue to monitor circumstances and events in future periods and can provide no assurance that material impairment charges with respect to its investment properties will not occur in future periods.
(12) FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The following table presents the carrying value and estimated fair value of the Company’s financial instruments:
 September 30, 2020December 31, 2019
 Carrying ValueFair ValueCarrying ValueFair Value
Financial liabilities:    
Mortgages payable, net$92,075 $94,078 $94,155 $98,082 
Unsecured notes payable, net$1,185,479 $1,205,002 $796,247 $822,883 
Unsecured term loans, net$467,391 $458,788 $716,523 $720,000 
Unsecured revolving line of credit$$$18,000 $18,000 
Derivative liability$34,804 $34,804 $12,288 $12,288 
The carrying value of the derivative liability is included within “Other liabilities” in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets.
Recurring Fair Value Measurements
The following table presents the Company’s financial instruments, which are measured at fair value on a recurring basis, by the level in the fair value hierarchy within which those measurements fall. Methods and assumptions used to estimate the fair value of these instruments are described after the table.
Fair Value
Level 1Level 2Level 3Total
September 30, 2020    
Derivative liability$— $34,804 $— $34,804 
December 31, 2019    
Derivative liability$— $12,288 $— $12,288 
Derivatives:  The fair value of the derivative liability is determined using a discounted cash flow analysis on the expected future cash flows of each derivative. This analysis uses observable market data including forward yield curves and implied volatilities to determine the market’s expectation of the future cash flows of the variable component. The fixed and variable components of the derivative are then discounted using calculated discount factors developed based on the LIBOR swap rate and are aggregated to arrive at a single valuation for the period. The Company also incorporates credit valuation adjustments to appropriately reflect both its own nonperformance risk and the respective counterparty’s nonperformance risk in the fair value measurements. Although the Company has determined that the majority of the inputs used to value its derivatives fall within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy, the credit valuation adjustments associated with its derivatives use Level 3 inputs, such as estimates of current credit spreads to evaluate the likelihood of default by itself and its counterparties. However, as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Company has assessed the significance of the impact of the credit valuation adjustments on the overall valuation of its derivative positions and has determined that the credit valuation adjustments are not significant to the overall valuation. As a result, the Company has determined that its derivative valuations in their entirety are classified within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy. In adjusting the fair value of its derivative contracts for the effect of nonperformance risk, the Company has considered any applicable credit enhancements. The Company’s derivative instruments are further described in Note 8 to the condensed consolidated financial statements.
22

RETAIL PROPERTIES OF AMERICA, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
Nonrecurring Fair Value Measurements
The following table presents the Company’s assets measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, aggregated by the level within the fair value hierarchy in which those measurements fall. The table includes information related to properties remeasured to fair value as a result of impairment charges recorded during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and the year ended December 31, 2019, except for those properties sold prior to September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively. Methods and assumptions used to estimate the fair value of these assets are described after the table.
Fair Value
Level 1Level 2Level 3TotalProvision for
Impairment
September 30, 2020    
Investment property$— $— $2,500 (a)$2,500 $2,279 
December 31, 2019
Investment properties$— $11,644 (b)$5,300 (c)$16,944 $12,298 
(a)Represents the fair value of the Company’s Streets of Yorktown investment property as of September 30, 2020, the date the asset was measured at fair value. The estimated fair value of Streets of Yorktown was based upon third-party comparable sales prices, derived from property-specific information, market transactions and other industry data and are considered significant unobservable inputs.
(b)Represents the fair value of the Company’s King Philip’s Crossing investment property as of December 31, 2019, the date the asset was measured at fair value. The estimated fair value of King Philip’s Crossing was based upon the expected sales price from an executed sales contract and determined to be a Level 2 input.
(c)Represents the fair value of the Company’s Streets of Yorktown investment property as of September 30, 2019, the date the asset was measured at fair value. The estimated fair value of Streets of Yorktown was determined using the income approach. The income approach involves discounting the estimated income stream and reversion (presumed sale) value of a property over an estimated holding period to a present value at a risk-adjusted rate. The discount rates and third-party comparable sales prices used in this approach are derived from property-specific information, market transactions and other industry data and are considered significant inputs to this valuation. The reversion value of the property was based upon third-party comparable sales prices, which contain unobservable inputs used by these third parties. A weighted average discount rate of 6.89% was used to (i) present value the estimated income stream over the estimated holding period and (ii) present value the reversion value.
Fair Value Disclosures
The following table presents the Company’s financial liabilities, which are measured at fair value for disclosure purposes, by the level in the fair value hierarchy within which those measurements fall.
Fair Value
Level 1Level 2Level 3Total
September 30, 2020    
Mortgages payable, net$— $— $94,078 $94,078 
Unsecured notes payable, net$750,908 $— $454,094 $1,205,002 
Unsecured term loans, net$— $— $458,788 $458,788 
Unsecured revolving line of credit$— $— $$
December 31, 2019    
Mortgages payable, net$— $— $98,082 $98,082 
Unsecured notes payable, net$255,965 $— $566,918 $822,883 
Unsecured term loans, net$— $— $720,000 $720,000 
Unsecured revolving line of credit$— $— $18,000 $18,000 
23

RETAIL PROPERTIES OF AMERICA, INC.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
The Company estimates the fair value of its Level 3 financial liabilities using a discounted cash flow model that incorporates future contractual principal and interest payments. The Company estimates the fair value of its mortgages payable, net and Level 3 unsecured notes payable, net by discounting the anticipated future cash flows of each instrument at rates currently offered to the Company by its lenders for similar debt instruments of comparable maturities. The Company estimates the fair value of its unsecured term loans, net and unsecured revolving line of credit by discounting the anticipated future cash flows at a reference rate, currently one-month LIBOR, plus an applicable credit spread currently offered to the Company by its lenders for similar instruments of comparable maturities. The following rates were used in the discounted cash flow model to calculate the fair value of the Company’s Level 3 financial liabilities:
September 30, 2020December 31, 2019
Mortgages payable, net – range of discount rates used3.7% to 4.2%3.2% to 3.6%
Unsecured notes payable, net – weighted average discount rate used4.40%3.79%
Unsecured term loans, net – weighted average credit spread portion of discount rate used1.93%1.26%
Unsecured revolving line of credit – credit spread portion of discount rate used1.65%1.05%
There were no transfers between the levels of the fair value hierarchy during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and the year ended December 31, 2019.
(13) COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
As of September 30, 2020, the Company had letters of credit outstanding totaling $291 that serve as collateral for certain capital improvements at 1 of its properties and reduce the available borrowings on its unsecured revolving line of credit.
The following table summarizes the Company’s active expansion and redevelopment projects as of September 30, 2020:
Estimated Net InvestmentNet Investment as of
September 30, 2020
Project NameMSALowHigh
Circle East (a)Baltimore$42,000 $44,000 $24,915 
One Loudoun Downtown – Pads G & H (b)Washington, D.C.$125,000 $135,000 $53,441 
The Shoppes at QuarterfieldBaltimore$9,000 $10,000 $2,003 
Southlake Town Square – PadDallas$2,000 $2,500 $952 
(a)Investment amounts are net of proceeds of $11,820 received from the sale of air rights.
(b)Investment amounts are net of expected contributions from the Company’s joint venture partners.
In response to current macroeconomic conditions, the Company halted plans for vertical construction at its Carillon redevelopment during the three months ended March 31, 2020 and materially reduced the planned scope and spend for the project. As of September 30, 2020, the Company had completed the current scope of site work preparation at the property in anticipation of future vertical development at the site. In addition, during the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company terminated the joint ventures related to the multi-family rental portion and the medical office building portion of the redevelopment at Carillon.
(14) LITIGATION
The Company is subject, from time to time, to various legal proceedings and claims that arise in the ordinary course of business. While the resolution of such matters cannot be predicted with certainty, management believes, based on currently available information, that the final outcome of such matters will not have a material effect on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements. During the three months ended March 31, 2020, the Company entered into a settlement agreement related to litigation with a former tenant and received $6,100 in proceeds.
(15) SUBSEQUENT EVENTS
Subsequent to September 30, 2020, the Company paid the cash dividend for the third quarter of 2020 of $0.05 per share on its outstanding Class A common stock.
24

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Certain statements in this “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q may constitute “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the safe harbor from civil liability provided for such statements by the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 (set forth in Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Act, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act). Forward-looking statements involve numerous risks and uncertainties and you should not rely on them as predictions of future events. Forward-looking statements depend on assumptions, data or methods which may be incorrect or imprecise and we may not be able to realize them. We do not guarantee that the transactions and events described will happen as described or that they will happen at all. You can identify forward-looking statements by the use of forward-looking terminology such as “believes,” “expects,” “may,” “should,” “intends,” “plans,” “estimates” or “anticipates” and variations of such words or similar expressions or the negative of such words. You can also identify forward-looking statements by discussions of strategies, plans or intentions. Risks, uncertainties and changes in the following factors, among others, could cause actual results and future events to differ materially from those set forth or contemplated in the forward-looking statements:
economic, business and financial conditions, and changes in our industry and changes in the real estate markets in particular;
economic and other developments in markets where we have a high concentration of properties;
our business strategy;
our projected operating results;
rental rates and/or vacancy rates;
frequency and magnitude of defaults on, early terminations of or non-renewal of leases by tenants;
bankruptcy, insolvency or general downturn in the business of a major tenant or a significant number of smaller tenants;
adverse impact of e-commerce developments and shifting consumer retail behavior on our tenants;
interest rates or operating costs;
the discontinuation of London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR);
real estate and zoning laws and changes in real property tax rates;
real estate valuations;
our leverage;
our ability to generate sufficient cash flows to service our outstanding indebtedness and make distributions to our shareholders;
changes in the dividend policy for our Class A common stock and our ability to resume the payment of dividends at past levels;
our ability to obtain necessary outside financing;
the availability, terms and deployment of capital;
general volatility of the capital and credit markets and the market price of our Class A common stock;
risks generally associated with real estate acquisitions and dispositions, including our ability to identify and pursue acquisition and disposition opportunities;
risks generally associated with redevelopment, including the impact of construction delays and cost overruns and related impact on our estimated investments in such redevelopment, our ability to lease redeveloped space, our ability
25

to identify and pursue redevelopment opportunities and the risk that it takes longer than expected for development assets to stabilize or that we do not achieve our estimated returns on such investments;
composition of members of our senior management team;
our ability to attract and retain qualified personnel;
our ability to continue to qualify as a real estate investment trust (REIT);
governmental regulations, tax laws and rates and similar matters;
our compliance with laws, rules and regulations;
environmental uncertainties and exposure to natural disasters;
pandemics or other public health crises, such as the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, and the related impact on (i) our ability to manage our properties, finance our operations and perform necessary administrative and reporting functions and (ii) our tenants’ ability to operate their businesses, generate sales and meet their financial obligations, including the obligation to pay rent and other charges as specified in their leases;
insurance coverage; and
the likelihood or actual occurrence of terrorist attacks in the U.S.
The extent to which COVID-19 impacts us and our tenants will depend, in part, on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted with confidence, including the scope, severity and duration of the pandemic, the actions taken to contain the pandemic or mitigate its impact, and the direct and indirect economic effects of the pandemic and containment measures, among others. For a further discussion of these and other factors that could impact our future results, performance or transactions, see Part II, “Item 1A. Risk Factors” in this document, in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 and in our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q for the quarters ended March 31, 2020 and June 30, 2020, which you should interpret as being heightened as a result of the numerous and ongoing adverse impacts of COVID-19. Readers should not place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements, which are based only on information currently available to us (or to third parties making the forward-looking statements). We undertake no obligation to publicly release any revisions to such forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, except as required by applicable law.
The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with our condensed consolidated financial statements and the related notes included in this report.
Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic
In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared the outbreak of COVID-19 a global pandemic. COVID-19 has caused, and could continue to cause, significant disruptions to the U.S. and global economy, including the retail sector within the U.S., and has contributed to significant volatility and negative pressure in the financial markets. Additionally, the pandemic has, and could continue to have, a significant adverse impact on the underlying industries of many of our tenants. Accordingly, our tenants and their operations, and their ability to pay rent, have been adversely impacted and may continue to be adversely impacted. Many U.S. states and cities, including where we own properties and/or have development sites, imposed measures, and continue to impose measures to varying degrees, intended to control the spread of COVID-19, such as instituting “shelter-in-place” rules, limitations on public gatherings and restrictions on certain business operations and/or the types of construction projects that may continue. As a result of the pandemic and the measures implemented to mitigate its impact, a number of our tenants were required to temporarily close their stores or modify their operations, which has impacted, and could continue to impact, their ability to pay rent in full, on time, or at all, and more of our tenants could be similarly impacted in the future. While many U.S. states and cities have eased or lifted such restrictions, some have subsequently reinstated restrictions and others may do so in the future. Continued mitigation efforts or the effect of any relaxation or revocation of current restrictions, including the impact on and of consumer behavior, all of which vary by geography, will continue to impact our business and such impacts may be significant and materially adverse to us.
We continue to closely monitor the impact of the pandemic on all aspects of our business. Due to numerous uncertainties, it is not possible to accurately predict the ultimate impact the pandemic will have on our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows. Certain of our tenants, many of which are considered essential businesses, remain open and continue to operate
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during this time. Based on annualized base rent (ABR) of leases in effect as of September 30, 2020, essential businesses and office represent approximately 38.1% of our ABR, including 8.5% from grocery/warehouse clubs and 6.7% from office tenants.
During the second and third quarters of 2020, we agreed in principle, and, in certain circumstances, executed agreements, with tenants regarding lease concessions. The majority of these concessions are for the deferral of amounts billed, without an extension of the lease term and, as such, meet deferral accounting treatment. However, certain of these lease concessions do not meet deferral accounting treatment as they include abatement, a combination of deferral and abatement, are deferrals with a modest extension of the lease term, or provide a concession with the extension of the existing lease term, which requires us to apply lease modification accounting. The majority of the amounts addressed by the lease concessions are base rent, although certain concessions also address tenant recoveries and other charges. As of September 30, 2020, we agreed in principle and, in certain circumstances, executed lease concessions to defer, without an extension of the lease term, $7,965 and $4,878 of previously uncollected base rent charges related to the second and third quarters of 2020, respectively, and to address an additional $6,965 and $3,028 of previously uncollected base rent charges related to the second and third quarters of 2020, respectively, through abatement, a combination of deferral and abatement or a concession with the extension of the lease term. As of September 30, 2020, the amounts that have been deferred to future periods under executed lease concessions, on a weighted average basis, are expected to be received starting approximately four months from September 30, 2020 and will be received over a period of approximately 11 months once started.
Subsequent to September 30, 2020, we agreed in principle and, in certain circumstances, executed agreements with additional tenants whereby we expect to address an additional $765 and $190 of previously uncollected base rent charges related to the second and third quarters of 2020, respectively. Furthermore, we agreed in principle and, in certain circumstances, executed agreements with tenants whereby we expect to address through lease concessions approximately $937 of base rent charges pertaining to future periods. We can make no assurances that the in-process lease amendments will ultimately be executed in the lease concession type being actively negotiated, or at all.
As of October 26, 2020, we have collected 73.6%, 84.2% and 87.2% of base rent charges related to the three months ended June 30, 2020 and September 30, 2020 and one month ended October 31, 2020, respectively. In addition, as of October 26, 2020, we have executed lease concession agreements, agreed in principle to lease amendments or applied security deposits for an aggregate additional 19.9%, 9.1% and 1.8% of base rent related to the three months ended June 30, 2020 and September 30, 2020 and one month ended October 31, 2020, respectively. Uncollected billed base rent related to tenants who have declared bankruptcy represents an additional 1.5%, 0.9% and 0.7% for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and September 30, 2020 and one month ended October 31, 2020, respectively. We have not yet reached agreements, and in some cases do not anticipate reaching agreements, to defer or abate rent with certain tenants regarding concession requests, as discussions are ongoing. While seeking to work toward a mutually agreeable outcome with tenants directly impacted by COVID-19, we believe that certain tenants, which remain open and have the ability to pay, have elected to withhold rent unnecessarily. We are not forgoing our contractual rights under our lease agreements, and our tenants do not have a clear contractual right to cease paying rent due to government closures and as a result, non-payment of rent generally constitutes a default. However, COVID-19 and the related governmental orders present fairly novel situations and it is possible government action could impact our rights. As of September 30, 2020, all of our properties were open for the benefit of the communities and customers that our tenants serve and approximately 94% of our tenants, based on gross leasable area (GLA), were open.
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The following information is based on ABR of leases in our retail operating portfolio that were in effect as of June 30, 2020 in relation to information as of the second quarter of 2020 and as of September 30, 2020 in relation to information as of the third quarter of 2020 and October 2020 and is being provided to assist with analysis of the potential impact of COVID-19. The information may not be indicative of collection and lease concession activity in future periods. The classification of tenant type, including the classification between essential and non-essential, is based on management’s understanding of the tenant operations and may not be comparative to similarly titled classifications by other companies.
% of 9/30/2020 ABR% of Rent Collected as of October 26, 2020
Resiliency Category/Tenant Type9/30/2020
ABR
Q2 2020July 2020August 2020September 2020Q3 2020October 2020
Essential
Grocery/Warehouse Clubs$30,338 8.5 %99.9 %99.9 %99.9 %99.9 %99.9 %99.4 %
Financial Services/Banks13,328 3.7 %99.5 %98.5 %98.0 %99.8 %98.8 %98.7 %
Medical12,605 3.5 %88.8 %89.9 %85.5 %84.3 %86.5 %87.8 %
Hardware10,136 2.9 %90.6 %91.0 %91.0 %99.0 %93.7 %97.5 %
Electronics10,067 2.8 %99.1 %99.7 %99.7 %99.2 %99.5 %99.2 %
Auto and Other Essentials10,027 2.8 %95.8 %96.8 %97.4 %96.6 %96.9 %92.7 %
Pet/Animal Supplies9,757 2.7 %99.4 %66.9 %64.4 %92.0 %74.5 %99.6 %
Wireless Communications6,445 1.8 %93.4 %94.5 %97.1 %95.3 %95.7 %87.2 %
Office Supplies6,396 1.8 %100.0 %100.0 %100.0 %100.0 %100.0 %93.7 %
Drug Stores3,191 0.9 %99.3 %98.3 %98.3 %98.3 %98.3 %99.0 %
Total Essential112,290 31.4 %96.9 %94.3 %93.8 %96.7 %94.9 %96.2 %
Office23,922 6.7 %94.0 %96.3 %95.0 %90.2 %93.8 %91.3 %
Non-Essential
Apparel34,672 9.7 %45.6 %73.8 %85.9 %86.8 %82.2 %83.0 %
Soft Goods/Discount Stores25,410 7.1 %65.3 %48.9 %49.7 %98.2 %65.6 %98.5 %
Housewares24,242 6.8 %73.7 %80.5 %85.5 %93.9 %86.6 %92.9 %
Services21,863 6.1 %65.1 %84.0 %83.2 %88.3 %85.2 %84.2 %
Sporting Goods/Hobby13,659 3.8 %72.9 %92.3 %84.1 %94.1 %90.2 %88.5 %
Specialty10,362 2.9 %81.8 %94.4 %96.4 %90.5 %93.8 %89.9 %
Movie Theaters10,294 2.9 %9.0 %24.0 %33.6 %33.6 %30.4 %33.6 %
Health Clubs9,439 2.6 %30.1 %63.2 %55.6 %68.5 %62.4 %59.4 %
Other7,492 2.1 %58.2 %65.3 %98.8 %96.6 %86.9 %91.8 %
Book Stores3,945 1.1 %59.0 %100.0 %99.8 %100.0 %99.9 %92.1 %
Amusement/Play Centers2,116 0.6 %10.6 %5.9 %19.4 %36.4 %20.6 %49.1 %
Total Non-Essential163,494 45.7 %57.6 %70.6 %75.3 %86.4 %77.5 %83.7 %
Restaurants
Restaurants – Full Service30,699 8.5 %63.1 %68.5 %72.5 %73.4 %71.5 %73.4 %
Restaurants – Quick Service27,540 7.7 %72.4 %82.1 %87.1 %87.9 %85.7 %82.6 %
Total Restaurants58,239 16.2 %67.4 %74.9 %79.3 %80.1 %78.1 %77.7 %
Total Retail Operating Portfolio$357,945 100.0 %73.6 %80.5 %83.1 %88.9 %84.2 %87.2 %
Billed Base Rent Addressed as of October 26, 2020Q2 2020Q3 2020
Billed base rent collected73.6 %84.2 %
Security deposits applied2.7 %0.1 %
Executed lease amendments:
Deferral accounting treatment6.9 %5.0 %
Abatements, combinations, modifications5.0 %2.4 %
In-process lease amendments: (a)
Deferral accounting treatment2.0 %0.5 %
Abatements, combinations, modifications3.3 %1.1 %
Total billed base rent addressed93.5 %93.3 %
(a)We can make no assurances that the in-process lease amendments will ultimately be executed in the lease concession type being actively negotiated, or at all.
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In response to current macroeconomic conditions related to the COVID-19 pandemic, we halted plans for vertical construction at our Carillon redevelopment during the three months ended March 31, 2020 and materially reduced the planned scope and spend for the project, driving a reduction in our expected 2020 redevelopment spend of approximately $75,000 to $100,000. As of September 30, 2020, we have completed the current scope of site work preparation at Carillon in anticipation of future vertical development at the site. In addition, during the nine months ended September 30, 2020, we terminated the joint ventures related to the multi-family rental portion and the medical office building portion of the redevelopment at Carillon.
On May 1, 2020, in order to preserve and enhance liquidity and capital positioning, our board of directors temporarily suspended future quarterly dividend payments on our outstanding Class A common stock. During the three months ended September 30, 2020, our board of directors declared a quarterly distribution of $0.05 per share of common stock. Our board of directors will continue to evaluate dividend declaration decisions quarterly and consider REIT taxable income distribution requirements in these deliberations. The timing and amount of dividend resumption depends largely on our operating cash flow performance as well as other factors.
During the three months ended March 31, 2020, our employees, except for a small number that are considered essential to be on-site for the safe operation of our properties, successfully transitioned to working remotely, and we did not furlough any employees nor significantly modify our key processes or internal controls over financial reporting. During the three months ended September 30, 2020, we reopened our corporate and field offices for use in a modified format. In addition, we expect to continue to reduce our 2020 capital expenditures, including tenant improvements, and certain expenses, including overhead, from the original budget.
Executive Summary
Retail Properties of America, Inc. (we, our, us) is a REIT that owns and operates high quality, strategically located open-air shopping centers, including properties with a mixed-use component. As of September 30, 2020, we owned 102 retail operating properties in the United States representing 19,962,000 square feet of GLA and had four expansion and redevelopment projects. Our retail operating portfolio includes (i) neighborhood and community centers, (ii) power centers, and (iii) lifestyle centers and multi-tenant retail-focused mixed-use properties, as well as single-user retail properties.
The following table summarizes our portfolio as of September 30, 2020:
Property TypeNumber of 
Properties
GLA
(in thousands)
OccupancyPercent Leased 
Including Leases 
Signed (a)
Retail operating portfolio
Multi-tenant retail:
Neighborhood and community centers62 10,337 92.6 %94.4 %
Power centers22 4,816 93.6 %95.4 %
Lifestyle centers and mixed-use properties (b)16 4,548 89.5 %90.4 %
Total multi-tenant retail100 19,701 92.1 %93.7 %
Single-user retail261 100.0 %100.0 %
Total retail operating properties102 19,962 92.2 %93.8 %
Expansion and redevelopment projects:
Circle East
One Loudoun Downtown – Pads G & H (c)— 
Carillon
The Shoppes at Quarterfield
Total number of properties105 
(a)Includes leases signed but not commenced.
(b)Excludes the 18 multi-family rental units at Plaza del Lago. As of September 30, 2020, 16 multi-family rental units were leased at an average monthly rental rate per unit of $1,324.
(c)The operating portion of this property is included in the property count of lifestyle centers and mixed-use properties within our retail operating portfolio.
In 2018, we completed our portfolio transformation and are now a prominent owner of multi-tenant retail properties, many with a mixed-use component, primarily located in the following markets: Dallas, Washington, D.C./Baltimore, New York, Chicago, Seattle, Atlanta, Houston, San Antonio, Phoenix and Austin. As a result, our portfolio is better focused and since our inaugural investor day in 2013, we have (i) improved our retail ABR by 34% to $19.44 per square foot as of September 30, 2020 from
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$14.46 per square foot as of March 31, 2013, (ii) increased our concentration in lifestyle and mixed-use properties based on multi-tenant retail ABR by 1,900 basis points to 35% as of September 30, 2020 from 16% as of March 31, 2013, (iii) reduced our top 20 retail tenant concentration of total ABR by 1,090 basis points to 27.0% as of September 30, 2020 from 37.9% as of March 31, 2013, and (iv) reduced our indebtedness by 32% to $1,762,744 as of September 30, 2020 from $2,601,912 as of March 31, 2013. Additionally, as of September 30, 2020, approximately 88.6% of our multi-tenant retail ABR was generated in the top 25 metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs), as determined by the United States Census Bureau and ranked based on the most recently available population estimates.
In addition to addressing lease concession requests stemming from COVID-19 in the near term, we are focused on optimizing our tenancy, asset level configurations and merchandising through (i) accretive leasing activity and (ii) mixed-use expansion and redevelopment projects. For the nine months ended September 30, 2020, we achieved a blended re-leasing spread of positive 2.6% consisting of positive 4.1% on signed renewal leases and negative comparable cash leasing spreads of (5.3)% on signed new leases. During this period, we achieved average annual contractual rent increases on signed new leases of approximately 175 basis points. As of September 30, 2020, we have $6,451 of ABR related to 257 square feet of GLA pertaining to 2020 lease expirations and $5,978 of ABR related to 314 square feet of GLA pertaining to leases signed but not yet commenced. In light of the COVID-19 pandemic, we are unable to project the impact on our leasing volume or other leasing trends. However, while existing tenants are continuing to pursue renewals, as evidenced by the large volume of renewals executed during the three months ended September 30, 2020, we have, to a certain extent, experienced, and may continue to experience, a slowdown in (i) rent commencing on signed leases, (ii) the volume of new and renewal leases and (iii) our ability to finalize the execution of new and renewal leases given current uncertainty.
Our active and near-term expansion and redevelopment projects consist of approximately $178,000 to $192,000 of expected investment through 2022, equivalent to approximately 6% of the net book value of our investment properties as of September 30, 2020. These predominantly mixed-use-focused projects include the redevelopment at Circle East, the expansion projects of Pads G & H at One Loudoun Downtown and site and building reconfiguration at The Shoppes at Quarterfield as well as the vacant pad development at Southlake Town Square. In response to current macroeconomic conditions due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, we halted plans for vertical construction at our Carillon redevelopment during the three months ended March 31, 2020 and materially reduced the planned scope and spend for the project, driving a reduction in our expected 2020 redevelopment spend of approximately $75,000 to $100,000. As of September 30, 2020, we have completed the current scope of site work preparation at Carillon in anticipation of future vertical development at the site. In addition, during the nine months ended September 30, 2020, we terminated the joint ventures related to the multi-family rental portion and the medical office building portion of the redevelopment at Carillon. Our current portfolio of assets contains numerous additional projects in the longer-term pipeline, including, among others, redevelopment at Carillon, additional pad developments at One Loudoun Downtown, pad developments and expansions at Main Street Promenade and Downtown Crown, and future projects at Merrifield Town Center, Tysons Corner, Southlake Town Square, Lakewood Towne Center and One Loudoun Uptown.
Company Highlights — Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020
Developments in Progress
During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, we invested $58,939 in our expansion and redevelopment projects at Circle East, One Loudoun Downtown, Carillon, The Shoppes at Quarterfield and Southlake Town Square. We expect that the majority of our additional 2020 project spend will be for the One Loudoun Downtown project.
The following table summarizes the carrying amount of developments in progress as of September 30, 2020:
Property NameMSASeptember 30, 2020
Expansion and redevelopment projects
Circle EastBaltimore$36,774 
One Loudoun DowntownWashington, D.C.70,100 
CarillonWashington, D.C.33,086 
The Shoppes at QuarterfieldBaltimore2,003 
Pad development projects
Southlake Town SquareDallas952 
142,915 
Land held for future development
One Loudoun UptownWashington, D.C.25,450 
Total developments in progress$168,365 
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Acquisitions
The following table summarizes our acquisition activity during the nine months ended September 30, 2020:
DateProperty NameMSAProperty TypeSquare
Footage
Acquisition
Price
February 6, 2020Fullerton MetrocenterLos AngelesFee interest (a)154,700 $55,000 
154,700 $55,000 
(a)We acquired the fee interest in an existing multi-tenant retail operating property. In connection with this acquisition, we also assumed the lessor position in a ground lease with a shadow anchor. The total number of properties in our portfolio was not affected by this transaction.
Dispositions
The following table summarizes our disposition activity during the nine months ended September 30, 2020:
DateProperty NameProperty TypeSquare
Footage
Consideration
February 13, 2020King Philip’s CrossingMulti-tenant retail105,900 $13,900 
105,900 $13,900 
Market Summary
The following table summarizes our retail operating portfolio by market as of September 30, 2020:
Property Type/MarketNumber of
Properties
ABR (a)% of Total
Multi-Tenant
Retail ABR (a)
ABR per
Occupied
Sq. Ft.
GLA
(in thousands) (a)
% of Total
Multi-Tenant
Retail GLA (a)
Occupancy% Leased
Including
Signed
Multi-Tenant Retail:
Top 25 MSAs (b)
Dallas19 $83,733 23.8 %$23.04 3,943 20.0 %92.2 %92.7 %
Washington, D.C.36,310 10.3 %28.66 1,388 7.0 %91.3 %91.7 %
New York36,028 10.2 %29.64 1,294 6.6 %94.0 %97.0 %
Chicago27,927 7.9 %24.11 1,358 6.9 %85.3 %87.9 %
Seattle24,121 6.8 %16.77 1,548 7.9 %93.0 %96.1 %
Baltimore21,778 6.2 %16.09 1,542 7.8 %87.7 %92.2 %
Atlanta20,799 5.9 %14.04 1,513 7.7 %98.0 %98.0 %
Houston16,287 4.6 %15.05 1,141 5.8 %94.9 %95.1 %
San Antonio12,676 3.6 %17.97 722 3.7 %97.7 %97.7 %
Phoenix10,757 3.1 %17.77 632 3.2 %95.8 %96.5 %
Los Angeles6,881 2.0 %17.98 396 2.0 %96.6 %100.0 %
Riverside4,485 1.3 %15.78 292 1.5 %97.2 %98.1 %
St. Louis3,903 1.1 %9.51 453 2.3 %90.6 %90.6 %
Charlotte3,845 1.1 %14.11 320 1.6 %85.2 %93.8 %
Tampa2,401 0.7 %19.69 126 0.6 %97.0 %97.0 %
Subtotal86 311,931 88.6 %20.24 16,668 84.6 %92.5 %94.1 %
Non-Top 25 MSAs (b)14 40,150 11.4 %14.66 3,033 15.4 %90.3 %91.7 %
Total Multi-Tenant Retail100 352,081 100.0 %19.40 19,701 100.0 %92.1 %93.7 %
Single-User Retail5,864 22.49 261 100.0 %100.0 %
Total Retail
Operating Portfolio (c)
102 $357,945 $19.44 19,962 92.2 %93.8 %
(a)Excludes $2,041 of multi-tenant retail ABR and 167 square feet of multi-tenant retail GLA attributable to Circle East and The Shoppes at Quarterfield, located in the Baltimore MSA, and Carillon, located in the Washington, D.C. MSA, all three of which are in redevelopment. Including these amounts, 88.7% of our multi-tenant retail ABR and 84.7% of our multi-tenant retail GLA is located in the top 25 MSAs.
(b)Top 25 MSAs are determined by the United States Census Bureau and ranked based on the most recently available population estimates.
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(c)Excludes the 18 multi-family rental units at Plaza del Lago. As of September 30, 2020, 16 multi-family rental units were leased at an average monthly rental rate per unit of $1,324.
Leasing Activity
The following table summarizes the leasing activity in our retail operating portfolio and our active and near-term expansion and redevelopment projects during the nine months ended September 30, 2020. New leases with terms of less than 12 months and renewal leases that extend the lease term by less than 12 months have been excluded from the table.
Number of
Leases
Signed
GLA Signed
(in thousands)
New
Contractual
Rent per Square
Foot (PSF) (a)
Prior
Contractual
Rent PSF (a)
% Change
over Prior
ABR (a)
Weighted
Average
Lease Term
Tenant
Allowances
PSF (b)
Comparable Renewal Leases176 1,053 $20.46 $19.66 4.1 %(c)6.3 (c)$5.73 (c)
Comparable New Leases30 158 $22.42 $23.68 (5.3)%9.3 $40.93 
Non-Comparable New and
Renewal Leases (d)
47 207 $28.43 N/AN/A9.2 $27.99 
Total253 1,418 $20.71 $20.19 2.6 %(e)7.2 (e)$12.49 (e)
(a)Total excludes the impact of Non-Comparable New and Renewal Leases.
(b)Excludes tenant allowances and related square foot amounts at our active and near-term expansion and redevelopment projects. These tenant allowances, if any, are included in the expected investment for each project.
(c)One significant comparable renewal lease, which extended the term of an existing tenant by 14 years, materially weighted the statistics for the three months ended September 30, 2020. Excluding this one comparable renewal lease, year-to-date Comparable Renewal Leases % Change over Prior ABR, Weighted Average Lease Term and Tenant Allowances PSF would have been 4.9%, 4.8 years and $2.13, respectively.
(d)Includes (i) leases signed on units that were vacant for over 12 months, (ii) leases signed with variable lease payment terms and (iii) leases signed where the previous and current lease do not have a consistent lease structure.
(e)Excluding the significant comparable renewal lease described in footnote (c), year-to-date Total Leases % Change over Prior ABR, Weighted Average Lease Term and Tenant Allowances PSF would have been 3.1%, 6.3 years and $10.53, respectively.
Our near-term efforts are primarily focused on reaching resolution of lease concession requests. During the second and third quarters of 2020, we executed agreements with certain tenants regarding lease concessions; however, we have not yet reached agreements, and in some cases do not anticipate reaching agreements, to defer or abate rent with certain tenants regarding concession requests, as discussions are ongoing. In addition, our leasing efforts are focused on (i) vacant anchor and small shop space, (ii) upcoming lease expirations and (iii) spaces within our expansion and redevelopment projects. Through these collective efforts, we look to situationally focus on stability, tenancy and to optimize the mix of operators and unique retailers at our properties. As of September 30, 2020, we have $6,451 of ABR related to 257 square feet of GLA pertaining to 2020 lease expirations and $5,978 of ABR related to 314 square feet of GLA pertaining to leases signed but not commenced. In light of the COVID-19 pandemic, we are unable to project the impact on our leasing volume or other leasing trends. However, while existing tenants are continuing to pursue renewals, as evidenced by the large volume of renewals executed during the three months ended September 30, 2020, we have, to a certain extent, experienced, and may continue to experience, a slowdown in (i) rent commencing on signed leases, (ii) the volume of new and renewal leases and (iii) our ability to finalize the execution of new and renewal leases given current uncertainty.
Capital Markets
During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, we:
completed a public offering of $400,000 in aggregate principal amount of 4.75% senior unsecured notes due 2030 (Notes Due 2030). The Notes Due 2030 were priced at 98.684% of the principal amount to yield 4.917% to maturity and will mature on September 15, 2030, unless earlier redeemed;
completed a public offering of $100,000 in aggregate principal amount of 4.00% senior unsecured notes due 2025 (Notes Due 2025), issued at 99.010% of par value to yield 4.236% plus accrued and unpaid interest from March 15, 2020 through July 20, 2020. This $100,000 offering constitutes a further issuance of, and forms a single series with, our previously issued Notes Due 2025 and will mature on March 15, 2025, unless earlier redeemed. The total aggregate principal amount of Notes Due 2025 currently outstanding is $350,000, which enables the Notes Due 2025 to be eligible for index inclusion;
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repaid our $250,000 unsecured term loan due 2021 with proceeds from the issuance of the Notes Due 2030 and terminated the related interest rate swaps that had a maturity date of January 5, 2021;
repaid the $100,000 principal balance of our 4.12% senior unsecured notes due 2021 (Notes Due 2021) with proceeds from the issuance of the Notes Due 2030 and made $2,770 of make-whole provision payments;
repaid $18,000, net of borrowings, on our unsecured revolving line of credit; and
prepaid a $306 mortgage payable, incurred a $16 debt prepayment fee and made scheduled principal payments of $1,854 related to amortizing loans.
Distributions
We declared total distributions of $0.215625 per share of common stock during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 comprised of the first quarter 2020 distribution of $0.165625 per share and the third quarter 2020 distribution of $0.05 per share. During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, we paid (i) the fourth quarter 2019 distribution of $0.165625 per share in January 2020 and (ii) the first quarter 2020 distribution of $0.165625 per share in April 2020.
Results of Operations
Comparison of Results for the Three Months Ended September 30, 2020 and 2019
 Three Months Ended September 30,
20202019Change
Revenues:
Lease income$107,358 $119,717 $(12,359)
Expenses:
Operating expenses15,620 16,088 (468)
Real estate taxes19,720 18,583 1,137 
Depreciation and amortization41,741 67,460 (25,719)
Provision for impairment of investment properties2,279 11,177 (8,898)
General and administrative expenses8,514 10,334 (1,820)
Total expenses87,874 123,642 (35,768)
Other (expense) income:
Interest expense(21,941)(25,084)3,143 
Gain on sales of investment properties— 1,969 (1,969)
Other income (expense), net169 (1,113)1,282 
Net loss(2,288)(28,153)25,865 
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests— — — 
Net loss attributable to common shareholders$(2,288)$(28,153)$25,865 
Net loss attributable to common shareholders was $(2,288) for the three months ended September 30, 2020 compared to $(28,153) for the three months ended September 30, 2019. The $25,865 decrease in net loss was primarily due to the following:
a $25,719 decrease in depreciation and amortization primarily due to the write-off of assets taken out of service due to the demolition of existing structures at our Carillon redevelopment during the three months ended September 30, 2019. No such write-off occurred during the three months ended September 30, 2020;
an $8,898 decrease in provision for impairment of investment properties. Based on the results of our evaluations for impairment (see Notes 11 and 12 to the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements), we recognized impairment charges of $2,279 and $11,177 during the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively;
a $3,143 decrease in interest expense primarily consisting of:
a $5,365 decrease in prepayment penalties;
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partially offset by
a $1,900 increase in interest on our Notes Due 2030, which were issued in August 2020;
partially offset by
a $12,359 decrease in lease income primarily due to the impact of COVID-19 and related accounting for lease concession agreements and primarily consisting of:
a $5,883 decrease in base rent primarily from our same store portfolio, partially offset by an increase from the operating properties acquired during 2019 and 2020; and
a $4,470 increase in reserve for uncollectible lease income primarily due to (i) higher accounts receivable balances as we have received approximately 82.2% (as of September 30, 2020) of base rent that was billed during the three months ended September 30, 2020, (ii) uncollected amounts related to tenants being accounted for on the cash basis of accounting, and (iii) lease concessions we have agreed in principle that are not expected to meet deferral accounting treatment, however, such agreements have not been executed as of September 30, 2020; as a result, the impact of these anticipated concessions are included within the reserve for uncollectible lease income until executed, partially offset by the reclassification of amounts related to lease concession agreements that were executed during the current period and treated as negative variable lease adjustments, however were agreed in principle in the prior quarter.
Net operating income (NOI)
We define NOI as all revenues other than (i) straight-line rental income (non-cash), (ii) amortization of lease inducements, (iii) amortization of acquired above and below market lease intangibles and (iv) lease termination fee income, less real estate taxes and all operating expenses other than lease termination fee expense and non-cash ground rent expense, which is comprised of amortization of right-of-use lease assets and amortization of lease liabilities. NOI consists of same store NOI (Same Store NOI) and NOI from other investment properties (NOI from Other Investment Properties). We believe that NOI, Same Store NOI and NOI from Other Investment Properties, which are supplemental non-GAAP financial measures, provide an additional and useful operating perspective not immediately apparent from “Net income” or “Net income attributable to common shareholders” in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (GAAP). We use these measures to evaluate our performance on a property-by-property basis because they allow management to evaluate the impact that factors such as lease structure, lease rates and tenant base have on our operating results. NOI, Same Store NOI and NOI from Other Investment Properties do not represent alternatives to “Net income” or “Net income attributable to common shareholders” in accordance with GAAP as indicators of our financial performance. Comparison of our presentation of NOI, Same Store NOI and NOI from Other Investment Properties to similarly titled measures for other REITs may not necessarily be meaningful due to possible differences in definition and application by such REITs. For reference and as an aid in understanding our computation of NOI, a reconciliation of net income attributable to common shareholders as computed in accordance with GAAP to Same Store NOI has been presented for each comparable period presented.
Same store portfolio
For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, our same store portfolio consisted of 101 retail operating properties acquired or placed in service and stabilized prior to January 1, 2019. The number of properties in our same store portfolio did not change as of September 30, 2020 from 101 as of June 30, 2020.
The properties and financial results reported in “Other investment properties” primarily include the following:
properties acquired or placed in service and stabilized during 2019 and 2020;
the multi-family rental units at Plaza del Lago, a redevelopment project that was placed in service during 2019;
Circle East, which is in active redevelopment;
One Loudoun Downtown Pads G & H, which are in active development;
Carillon, a redevelopment project where we halted plans for vertical construction during the three months ended March 31, 2020 in response to current macroeconomic conditions due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. As of
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September 30, 2020, we have completed the current scope of site work preparation at the property in anticipation of future vertical development at the site;
The Shoppes at Quarterfield, which is in active redevelopment;
investment properties that were sold or classified as held for sale during 2019 and 2020; and
the net income from our wholly owned captive insurance company.
The following tables present a reconciliation of net loss attributable to common shareholders to Same Store NOI and details of the components of Same Store NOI for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019:
Three Months Ended September 30,
 20202019Change
Net loss attributable to common shareholders$(2,288)$(28,153)$25,865 
Adjustments to reconcile to Same Store NOI:   
Gain on sales of investment properties— (1,969)1,969 
Depreciation and amortization41,741 67,460 (25,719)
Provision for impairment of investment properties2,279 11,177 (8,898)
General and administrative expenses8,514 10,334 (1,820)
Interest expense21,941 25,084 (3,143)
Straight-line rental income, net269 (581)850 
Amortization of acquired above and below market lease intangibles, net(1,196)(1,470)274 
Amortization of lease inducements773 343 430 
Lease termination fees, net(223)(331)108 
Non-cash ground rent expense, net212 333 (121)
Other (income) expense, net(169)1,113 (1,282)
NOI71,853 83,340 (11,487)
NOI from Other Investment Properties(719)(2,105)1,386 
Same Store NOI$71,134 $81,235 $(10,101)
Three Months Ended September 30,
20202019Change
Same Store NOI:
Base rent$82,459 $88,084 $(5,625)
Percentage and specialty rent486 610 (124)
Tenant recoveries26,043 25,848 195 
Other lease-related income1,223 1,428 (205)
Uncollectible lease income, net(4,567)(700)(3,867)
Property operating expenses(15,150)(15,787)637 
Real estate taxes(19,360)(18,248)(1,112)
Same Store NOI$71,134 $81,235 $(10,101)
Same Store NOI decreased $10,101, or 12.4%, primarily due to the following:
a $5,625 decrease in base rent primarily due to lease concession agreements that do not meet deferral accounting treatment of $6,051 that were executed during the three months ended September 30, 2020, partially offset by an increase of $790 from contractual rent changes. The lease concessions executed during the three months ended September 30, 2020 related to billed base rent of $4,045 and $2,006 for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and September 30, 2020, respectively. The $4,045 related to billed base rent for the three months ended June 30, 2020 was previously recorded within “Uncollectible lease income, net” during the three months ended June 30, 2020; and
a $3,867 increase in reserve for uncollectible lease income primarily due to (i) higher accounts receivable balances as we have received approximately 82.2% (as of September 30, 2020) of base rent that was billed during the three months ended September 30, 2020, (ii) uncollected amounts related to tenants being accounted for on the cash basis of accounting, and (iii) lease concessions we have agreed in principle that are not expected to meet deferral accounting treatment, however, such agreements have not been executed as of September 30, 2020; as a result, the impact of these anticipated concessions are included within the reserve for uncollectible lease income until executed, partially offset
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by the reclassification of amounts related to lease concession agreements that were executed during the current period and treated as negative variable lease adjustments, however were agreed in principle in the prior quarter.
Comparison of Results for the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020 and 2019
 Nine Months Ended September 30,
20202019Change
Revenues:
Lease income$322,856 $360,869 $(38,013)
Expenses:
Operating expenses46,877 50,903 (4,026)
Real estate taxes56,169 55,520 649 
Depreciation and amortization125,669 153,609 (27,940)
Provision for impairment of investment properties2,625 11,177 (8,552)
General and administrative expenses26,170 30,186 (4,016)
Total expenses257,510 301,395 (43,885)
Other (expense) income:
Interest expense(58,347)(59,877)1,530 
Gain on sales of investment properties— 18,872 (18,872)
Gain on litigation settlement6,100 — 6,100 
Other expense, net(377)(2,244)1,867 
Net income12,722 16,225 (3,503)
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests— — — 
Net income attributable to common shareholders$12,722 $16,225 $(3,503)
Net income attributable to common shareholders was $12,722 for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared to $16,225 for the nine months ended September 30, 2019. The $3,503 decrease was primarily due to the following:
a $38,013 decrease in lease income primarily due to the impact of COVID-19 and related accounting for lease concession agreements and primarily consisting of:
a $24,369 increase in reserve for uncollectible lease income primarily due to (i) higher accounts receivable balances as we have received approximately 72.9% and 82.2% (as of September 30, 2020) of base rent that was billed during the three months ended June 30, 2020 and September 30, 2020, respectively, (ii) uncollected amounts related to tenants being accounted for on the cash basis of accounting, and (iii) lease concessions we have agreed in principle that are not expected to meet deferral accounting treatment, however, such agreements have not been executed as of September 30, 2020; as a result, the impact of these anticipated concessions are included within the reserve for uncollectible lease income until executed;
a $3,909 decrease in straight-line rent primarily as a result of changes in collectibility of straight-line receivables;
a $3,035 decrease in tenant recovery income primarily from lower recoverable property operating expenses in 2020; and
a $2,849 decrease in base rent primarily from the operating properties sold during 2019 and 2020, partially offset by the operating properties acquired during 2019 and 2020; and
an $18,872 decrease in gain on sales of investment properties related to the sale of one investment property consisting of approximately 105,900 square feet of GLA that was impaired during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared to the sale of two investment properties, representing approximately 236,100 square feet of GLA, and the sale of two land parcels that were sold for gains during the nine months ended September 30, 2019;
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partially offset by
a $27,940 decrease in depreciation and amortization primarily due to the write-off of assets taken out of service due to the demolition of existing structures at our Carillon redevelopment during the nine months ended September 30, 2019. No such write-off occurred during the nine months ended September 30, 2020;
an $8,552 decrease in provision for impairment of investment properties. Based on the results of our evaluations for impairment (see Notes 11 and 12 to the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements), we recognized impairment charges of $2,625 and $11,177 during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively;
a $6,100 gain on litigation settlement recognized during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 related to litigation with a former tenant. No such gain was recognized during the nine months ended September 30, 2019;
a $4,026 decrease in operating expenses primarily due to lower recoverable property operating expenses in 2020;
a $4,016 decrease in general and administrative expenses primarily due to a decrease in comparative cash bonus expense resulting from a significant reduction in cash bonus expectations for 2020; and
a $1,530 decrease in interest expense primarily consisting of:
a $5,365 decrease in prepayment penalties;
a $3,627 decrease in interest on mortgages payable due to a reduction in mortgage debt; and
a $1,763 decrease in interest on our unsecured revolving line of credit due to lower LIBOR rates;
partially offset by
a $4,553 increase in interest on our five-year $120,000 unsecured term loan (Term Loan Due 2024) and seven-year $150,000 unsecured term loan (Term Loan Due 2026), which were entered into in July 2019;
a $2,370 increase in interest on our 4.82% senior unsecured notes due 2029 (Notes Due 2029), which were issued in June 2019; and
a $1,900 increase in interest on our Notes Due 2030, which were issued in August 2020.
The following tables present a reconciliation of net income attributable to common shareholders to Same Store NOI and details of the components of Same Store NOI for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019:
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 20202019Change
Net income attributable to common shareholders$12,722 $16,225 $(3,503)
Adjustments to reconcile to Same Store NOI:   
Gain on sales of investment properties— (18,872)18,872 
Gain on litigation settlement(6,100)— (6,100)
Depreciation and amortization125,669 153,609 (27,940)
Provision for impairment of investment properties2,625 11,177 (8,552)
General and administrative expenses26,170 30,186 (4,016)
Interest expense58,347 59,877 (1,530)
Straight-line rental income, net1,212 (2,697)3,909 
Amortization of acquired above and below market lease intangibles, net(3,968)(4,515)547 
Amortization of lease inducements1,645 958 687 
Lease termination fees, net(599)(1,751)1,152 
Non-cash ground rent expense, net757 1,023 (266)
Other expense, net377 2,244 (1,867)
NOI218,857 247,464 (28,607)
NOI from Other Investment Properties(3,278)(4,869)1,591 
Same Store NOI$215,579 $242,595 $(27,016)
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Nine Months Ended September 30,
20202019Change
Same Store NOI:
Base rent$260,603 $261,757 $(1,154)
Percentage and specialty rent1,798 2,581 (783)
Tenant recoveries75,021 77,976 (2,955)
Other lease-related income3,738 4,192 (454)
Uncollectible lease income, net(24,714)(1,188)(23,526)
Property operating expenses(45,499)(48,019)2,520 
Real estate taxes(55,368)(54,704)(664)
Same Store NOI$215,579 $242,595 $(27,016)
Same Store NOI decreased $27,016, or 11.1%, primarily due to the following:
a $23,526 increase in reserve for uncollectible lease income primarily due to (i) higher accounts receivable balances as we have received approximately 72.9% and 82.2% (as of September 30, 2020) of base rent that was billed during the three months ended June 30, 2020 and September 30, 2020, respectively, (ii) uncollected amounts related to tenants being accounted for on the cash basis of accounting, and (iii) lease concessions we have agreed in principle that are not expected to meet deferral accounting treatment, however, such agreements have not been executed as of September 30, 2020; as a result, the impact of these anticipated concessions are included within the reserve for uncollectible lease income until executed; and
a $1,099 increase in property operating expenses and real estate taxes, net of tenant recoveries, primarily due to (i) the positive impact from the common area maintenance and real estate tax reconciliation process in 2019 and (ii) an increase in net real estate taxes resulting from higher real estate tax assessments, partially offset by a decrease in certain net recoverable property operating expenses.
Funds From Operations Attributable to Common Shareholders
The National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts, or NAREIT, an industry trade group, has promulgated a financial measure known as funds from operations (FFO). As defined by NAREIT, FFO means net income computed in accordance with GAAP, excluding (i) depreciation and amortization related to real estate, (ii) gains from sales of real estate assets, (iii) gains and losses from change in control and (iv) impairment write-downs of real estate assets and investments in entities directly attributable to decreases in the value of real estate held by the entity. We have adopted the NAREIT definition in our computation of FFO attributable to common shareholders. Management believes that, subject to the following limitations, FFO attributable to common shareholders provides a basis for comparing our performance and operations to those of other REITs.
We define Operating FFO attributable to common shareholders as FFO attributable to common shareholders excluding the impact of discrete non-operating transactions and other events which we do not consider representative of the comparable operating results of our real estate operating portfolio, which is our core business platform. Specific examples of discrete non-operating transactions and other events include, but are not limited to, the impact on earnings from gains or losses associated with the early extinguishment of debt or other liabilities, litigation involving the Company, including gains recognized as a result of settlement and costs to engage outside counsel related to litigation with former tenants, the impact on earnings from executive separation and the excess of redemption value over carrying value of preferred stock redemption, which are not otherwise adjusted in our calculation of FFO attributable to common shareholders.
We believe that FFO attributable to common shareholders and Operating FFO attributable to common shareholders, which are supplemental non-GAAP financial measures, provide an additional and useful means to assess the operating performance of REITs. FFO attributable to common shareholders and Operating FFO attributable to common shareholders do not represent alternatives to (i) “Net Income” or “Net income attributable to common shareholders” as indicators of our financial performance, or (ii) “Cash flows from operating activities” in accordance with GAAP as measures of our capacity to fund cash needs, including the payment of dividends. Comparison of our presentation of Operating FFO attributable to common shareholders to similarly titled measures for other REITs may not necessarily be meaningful due to possible differences in definition and application by such REITs.
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The following table presents a reconciliation of net (loss) income attributable to common shareholders to FFO attributable to common shareholders and Operating FFO attributable to common shareholders:
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2020201920202019
Net (loss) income attributable to common shareholders$(2,288)$(28,153)$12,722 $16,225 
Depreciation and amortization of real estate41,397 67,116 124,657 152,560 
Provision for impairment of investment properties2,279 11,177 2,625 11,177 
Gain on sales of investment properties— (1,969)— (18,872)
FFO attributable to common shareholders$41,388 $48,171 $140,004 $161,090 
FFO attributable to common shareholders per common
share outstanding – diluted
$0.19 $0.23 $0.66 $0.76 
FFO attributable to common shareholders$41,388 $48,171 $140,004 $161,090 
Impact on earnings from the early extinguishment of debt, net (a)3,464 7,581 3,464 7,581 
Gain on litigation settlement— — (6,100)— 
Other (b)(15)1,241 996 2,521 
Operating FFO attributable to common shareholders$44,837 $56,993 $138,364 $171,192 
Operating FFO attributable to common shareholders per
common share outstanding – diluted
$0.21 $0.27 $0.65 $0.80 
(a)Included within “Interest expense” in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations and other comprehensive income (loss).
(b)Primarily consists of the impact on earnings from litigation involving the Company, including costs to engage outside counsel related to litigation with former tenants, which are included within “Other income (expense), net” in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations and other comprehensive income (loss).
Liquidity and Capital Resources
We anticipate that cash flows from the below-listed sources will provide adequate capital for the next 12 months and beyond for all scheduled principal and interest payments on our outstanding indebtedness, including maturing debt, current and anticipated tenant allowances or other capital obligations, the shareholder distributions required to maintain our REIT status and compliance with the financial covenants of our unsecured debt agreements.
Our primary expected sources and uses of liquidity are as follows:
SOURCESUSES
Operating cash flowTenant allowances and leasing costs
Cash and cash equivalentsImprovements made to individual properties, certain of which are not
Available borrowings under our unsecured revolvingrecoverable through common area maintenance charges to tenants
line of creditDebt repayments
Proceeds from capital markets transactionsDistribution payments
Proceeds from asset dispositionsRedevelopment, expansion and pad development activities
Proceeds from the sales of air rightsAcquisitions
New development
Repurchases of our common stock
Over the last several years, we have made substantial progress in strengthening our balance sheet, as demonstrated by our reduced leverage, improved financial flexibility and higher unencumbered asset ratio. We believe this progress places us in a position to be able to better withstand the current unprecedented macroeconomic environment. However, there can be no assurances in this regard or that additional financing or capital will be available to us going forward, on favorable terms or at all. Additionally, as of October 26, 2020, we have collected 73.6%, 84.2% and 87.2% of base rent charges from our tenants related to the three months ended June 30, 2020 and September 30, 2020 and one month ended October 31, 2020, respectively, and have executed lease concession agreements, agreed in principle to lease amendments or applied security deposits for an aggregate additional 19.9%, 9.1% and 1.8% of the three months ended June 30, 2020 and September 30, 2020 and one month ended October 31, 2020, respectively. Uncollected billed base rent related to tenants who have declared bankruptcy represents an additional 1.5%, 0.9% and 0.7% of the three months ended June 30, 2020 and September 30, 2020 and one month ended October 31, 2020, respectively. If such a trend in cash collection activity continues, or possibly deteriorates, and if we reach
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additional agreements with tenants to defer or abate rent, our operating cash flows and liquidity will be negatively impacted. Furthermore, as of October 26, 2020, we agreed in principle and, in certain circumstances, executed agreements with tenants whereby we expect to address through lease concessions approximately $937 of base rent charges pertaining to future periods. We can make no assurances that the in-process lease amendments will ultimately be executed in the lease concession type being actively negotiated, or at all. Over the last several years as we worked to fortify our balance sheet, we funded debt maturities primarily through asset dispositions and capital markets transactions, including the public offering of our common stock and private and public offerings of senior unsecured notes. As of September 30, 2020, we have no scheduled debt maturities and $588 of principal amortization due through 2021, which we plan on satisfying through a combination of cash flows from operations, working capital and our unsecured revolving line of credit.
The table below summarizes our consolidated indebtedness as of September 30, 2020:
DebtAggregate
Principal
Amount
Weighted
Average
Interest Rate
Maturity DateWeighted
Average Years
to Maturity
Fixed rate mortgages payable (a)$92,744 4.36 %Various4.3 years
Unsecured notes payable:
Senior notes – 4.58% due 2024150,000 4.58 %June 30, 20243.8 years
Senior notes – 4.00% due 2025350,000 4.00 %March 15, 20254.5 years
Senior notes – 4.08% due 2026100,000 4.08 %September 30, 20266.0 years
Senior notes – 4.24% due 2028100,000 4.24 %December 28, 20288.2 years
Senior notes – 4.82% due 2029100,000 4.82 %June 28, 20298.7 years
Senior notes – 4.75% due 2030400,000 4.75 %September 15, 203010.0 years
Total unsecured notes payable (a)1,200,000 4.42 %7.0 years
Unsecured credit facility:
Revolving line of credit – variable rate— 1.20 %April 22, 2022 (b)1.6 years
Unsecured term loans:
Term Loan Due 2023 – fixed rate (c)200,000 4.05 %November 22, 20233.1 years
Term Loan Due 2024 – fixed rate (d)120,000 2.88 %July 17, 20243.8 years
Term Loan Due 2026 – fixed rate (e)150,000 3.27 %July 17, 20265.8 years
Total unsecured term loans (a)470,000 3.50 %4.2 years
Total consolidated indebtedness$1,762,744 4.17 %6.1 years
(a)Fixed rate mortgages payable excludes mortgage discount of $(461) and capitalized loan fees of $(208), net of accumulated amortization, as of September 30, 2020. Unsecured notes payable excludes discount of $(6,687) and capitalized loan fees of $(7,834), net of accumulated amortization, as of September 30, 2020. Unsecured term loans exclude capitalized loan fees of $(2,609), net of accumulated amortization, as of September 30, 2020. Capitalized loan fees related to the revolving line of credit are included within “Other assets, net” in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets.
(b)We have two six-month extension options on the revolving line of credit, which we may exercise as long as we are in compliance with the terms of the unsecured credit agreement and we pay an extension fee equal to 0.075% of the commitment amount being extended.
(c)Reflects $200,000 of LIBOR-based variable rate debt that has been swapped to a fixed rate of 2.85% plus a credit spread based on a leverage grid ranging from 1.20% to 1.85% through November 22, 2023. The applicable credit spread was 1.20% as of September 30, 2020.
(d)Reflects $120,000 of LIBOR-based variable rate debt that has been swapped to a fixed rate of 1.68% plus a credit spread based on a leverage grid ranging from 1.20% to 1.70% through July 17, 2024. The applicable credit spread was 1.20% as of September 30, 2020.
(e)Reflects $150,000 of LIBOR-based variable rate debt that has been swapped to a fixed rate of 1.77% plus a credit spread based on a leverage grid ranging from 1.50% to 2.20% through July 17, 2026. The applicable credit spread was 1.50% as of September 30, 2020.
Mortgages Payable
During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, we prepaid a $306 mortgage payable, which had a fixed interest rate of 7.48%, incurred a $16 debt prepayment fee and made scheduled principal payments of $1,854 related to amortizing loans.
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Unsecured Notes Payable
Notes Due 2030
On August 25, 2020, we completed a public offering of $400,000 in aggregate principal amount of 4.75% senior unsecured notes due 2030 (Notes Due 2030). The Notes Due 2030 were priced at 98.684% of the principal amount to yield 4.917% to maturity and will mature on September 15, 2030, unless earlier redeemed. The proceeds were used to repay (i) our $250,000 unsecured term loan due 2021, (ii) the $100,000 principal balance of our 4.12% senior unsecured notes due 2021 (Notes Due 2021), (iii) borrowings on our unsecured revolving line of credit, and (iv) general corporate purposes. We made make-whole provision payments totaling $2,770 in connection with the repayment of the Notes Due 2021.
The indenture, as supplemented, governing the Notes Due 2030 contains customary covenants and events of default. Pursuant to the terms of the indenture, we are subject to various financial covenants, including the requirement to maintain the following: (i) maximum secured and consolidated leverage ratios; (ii) a debt service coverage ratio; and (iii) maintenance of an unencumbered assets to unsecured debt ratio.
Notes Due 2025
On July 21, 2020, we completed a public offering of $100,000 in aggregate principal amount of 4.00% senior unsecured notes due 2025 (Notes Due 2025), issued at 99.010% of par value to yield 4.236% plus accrued and unpaid interest from March 15, 2020 through July 20, 2020. This $100,000 offering constitutes a further issuance of, and forms a single series with, our previously issued Notes Due 2025 and will mature on March 15, 2025, unless earlier redeemed. The total aggregate principal amount of Notes Due 2025 currently outstanding is $350,000, which enables the Notes Due 2025 to be eligible for index inclusion. The proceeds were used to repay borrowings on our unsecured revolving line of credit and for general corporate purposes.
Unsecured Term Loans and Revolving Line of Credit
Unsecured Credit Facility
On April 23, 2018, we entered into our fifth amended and restated credit agreement with a syndicate of financial institutions to provide for an unsecured credit facility aggregating $1,100,000, consisting of an $850,000 unsecured revolving line of credit that matures on April 22, 2022 and a $250,000 unsecured term loan that matures on January 5, 2021 (Unsecured Credit Facility). During the three months ended September 30, 2020, we repaid the $250,000 unsecured term loan that bore interest at a rate of LIBOR plus a credit spread ranging from 1.20% to 1.70% with proceeds from the issuance of the Notes Due 2030. The unsecured revolving line of credit is priced on a leverage grid at a rate of LIBOR plus a credit spread. In accordance with the unsecured credit agreement, the credit spread set forth in the leverage grid resets quarterly based on our leverage, as calculated at the previous quarter end, and we have the option to make an irrevocable election to convert to an investment grade pricing grid. As of September 30, 2020, making such an election would have resulted in a higher interest rate and, as such, we have not made the election to convert to an investment grade pricing grid.
The following table summarizes the key terms of the unsecured revolving line of credit:
Leverage-Based PricingInvestment Grade Pricing
Unsecured Credit FacilityMaturity DateExtension OptionExtension FeeCredit SpreadFacility FeeCredit SpreadFacility Fee
$850,000 unsecured revolving line of credit4/22/20222 six-month0.075%1.05%–1.50%0.15%–0.30%0.825%–1.55%0.125%–0.30%
The Unsecured Credit Facility has a $500,000 accordion option that allows us, at our election, to increase the total Unsecured Credit Facility up to $1,350,000, subject to (i) customary fees and conditions including, but not limited to, the absence of an event of default as defined in the unsecured credit agreement and (ii) our ability to obtain additional lender commitments.
As of September 30, 2020, we had letters of credit outstanding totaling $291 that serve as collateral for certain capital improvements at one of our properties and reduce the available borrowings on our unsecured revolving line of credit.
Unsecured Term Loans
As of September 30, 2020, we have the following unsecured term loans: (i) a seven-year $200,000 unsecured term loan (Term Loan Due 2023), (ii) a five-year $120,000 unsecured term loan (Term Loan Due 2024), and (iii) a seven-year $150,000 unsecured term loan (Term Loan Due 2026), each of which bears interest at a rate of LIBOR, adjusted based on applicable
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reserve percentages established by the Federal Reserve, plus a credit spread based on a leverage grid. In accordance with the respective term loan agreements, the credit spread set forth in the leverage grid resets quarterly based on our leverage, as calculated at the previous quarter end, and we have the option to make an irrevocable election to convert to an investment grade pricing grid. As of September 30, 2020, making such an election would have resulted in a higher interest rate for each of the unsecured term loans and, as such, we have not made the election to convert to an investment grade pricing grid.
The following table summarizes the key terms of the unsecured term loans:
Unsecured Term LoansMaturity DateLeverage-Based Pricing
Credit Spread
Investment Grade Pricing
Credit Spread
$200,000 unsecured term loan due 202311/22/20231.20% – 1.85%0.85% – 1.65%
$120,000 unsecured term loan due 20247/17/20241.20% – 1.70%0.80% – 1.65%
$150,000 unsecured term loan due 20267/17/20261.50% – 2.20%1.35% – 2.25%
The Term Loan Due 2024 has a $130,000 accordion option and the Term Loan Due 2026 has a $100,000 accordion option that, collectively, allow us, at our election, to increase the total of the Term Loan Due 2024 and Term Loan Due 2026 up to $500,000, subject to (i) customary fees and conditions, including the absence of an event of default as defined in the term loan agreement and (ii) our ability to obtain additional lender commitments.
The Term Loan Due 2023 has a $100,000 accordion option that allows us, at our election, to increase the Term Loan Due 2023 up to $300,000, subject to (i) customary fees and conditions, including the absence of an event of default as defined in the amended term loan agreement and (ii) our ability to obtain additional lender commitments.
Debt Maturities
The following table summarizes the scheduled maturities and principal amortization of our indebtedness as of September 30, 2020 for the remainder of 2020, each of the next four years and thereafter, and the weighted average interest rates by year, as well as the fair value of our indebtedness as of September 30, 2020.
20202021202220232024ThereafterTotalFair Value
Debt:
Fixed rate debt:
Mortgages payable (a)$588 $2,409 $26,641 $31,758 $1,737 $29,611 $92,744 $94,078 
Fixed rate term loans (b)— — — 200,000 120,000 150,000 470,000 458,788 
Unsecured notes payable (c)— — — — 150,000 1,050,000 1,200,000 1,205,002 
Total fixed rate debt588 2,409 26,641 231,758 271,737 1,229,611 1,762,744 1,757,868 
Variable rate debt:
Variable rate revolving line of credit— — — — — — — — 
Total debt (d)$588 $2,409 $26,641 $231,758 $271,737 $1,229,611 $1,762,744 $1,757,868 
Weighted average interest rate on debt:
Fixed rate debt4.08 %4.08 %4.81 %4.06 %3.83 %4.26 %4.17 %
Variable rate debt (e)— — 1.20 %— — — 1.20 %
Total4.08 %4.08 %4.81 %4.06 %3.83 %4.26 %4.17 %
(a)Excludes mortgage discount of $(461) and capitalized loan fees of $(208), net of accumulated amortization, as of September 30, 2020.
(b)Excludes capitalized loan fees of $(2,609), net of accumulated amortization, as of September 30, 2020. The following variable rate term loans have been swapped to fixed rate debt: (i) $200,000 of LIBOR-based variable rate debt has been swapped to a fixed rate of 2.85% plus a credit spread based on a leverage grid through November 22, 2023; (ii) $120,000 of LIBOR-based variable rate debt has been swapped to a fixed rate of 1.68% plus a credit spread based on a leverage grid through July 17, 2024; and (iii) $150,000 of LIBOR-based variable rate debt has been swapped to a fixed rate of 1.77% plus a credit spread based on a leverage grid through July 17, 2026. As of September 30, 2020, the applicable credit spread for (i) and (ii) was 1.20% and for (iii) was 1.50%.
(c)Excludes discount of $(6,687) and capitalized loan fees of $(7,834), net of accumulated amortization, as of September 30, 2020.
(d)The weighted average years to maturity of consolidated indebtedness was 6.1 years as of September 30, 2020.
(e)Represents interest rate as of September 30, 2020, however, the revolving line of credit was not drawn as of September 30, 2020.

Our unsecured debt agreements, consisting of the (i) unsecured credit agreement, as amended governing the Unsecured Credit Facility, (ii) term loan agreement, as amended governing the Term Loan Due 2023, (iii) term loan agreement, as amended
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governing the Term Loan Due 2024 and Term Loan Due 2026, (iv) note purchase agreement governing the 4.58% senior unsecured notes due 2024 (Notes Due 2024), (v) indenture, as supplemented, governing the Notes Due 2025, (vi) note purchase agreement governing the 4.08% senior unsecured notes due 2026 and the 4.24% senior unsecured notes due 2028 (Notes Due 2026 and 2028), (vii) note purchase agreement governing the 4.82% senior unsecured notes due 2029 (Notes Due 2029) and (viii) indenture, as supplemented, governing the Notes Due 2030, contain customary representations, warranties and covenants, and events of default. These include financial covenants such as (i) maximum unencumbered, secured and consolidated leverage ratios; (ii) minimum interest coverage ratios; (iii) minimum fixed charge coverage ratios; (iv) minimum unencumbered interest coverage ratios; (v) a minimum debt service coverage ratio; and (vi) a minimum unencumbered assets to unsecured debt ratio. All financial covenants that include operating results, or derivations thereof, in the covenant calculations are based on the most recent four fiscal quarters of activity. As such, the impact of short-term relative adverse operating results, if any, on our financial covenants is partially mitigated by previous and/or subsequent operating results. As of September 30, 2020, management believes we were in compliance with the financial covenants and default provisions under the unsecured debt agreements.
We plan on addressing our debt maturities through a combination of (i) cash flows from operations, (ii) working capital, (iii) capital markets transactions and (iv) our unsecured revolving line of credit.
Distributions and Equity Transactions
Our distributions of current and accumulated earnings and profits for U.S. federal income tax purposes are taxable to shareholders, generally, as ordinary income. Distributions in excess of these earnings and profits generally are treated as a non-taxable reduction of the shareholders’ basis in the shares to the extent thereof (non-dividend distributions) and thereafter as taxable gain. We intend to continue to qualify as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes. The Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the Code) generally requires that a REIT annually distributes to its shareholders at least 90% of its REIT taxable income, determined without regard to the dividends paid deduction and excluding net capital gains. The Code imposes tax on any undistributed REIT taxable income.
To satisfy the requirements for qualification as a REIT and generally not be subject to U.S. federal income and excise tax, we intend to make distributions of all, or substantially all, of our taxable income to shareholders. Our future distributions will be at the discretion of our board of directors and are required to be declared 10 days prior to the record date. When determining the amount of future distributions, we expect to consider, among other factors, (i) the amount of cash generated from our operating activities, (ii) our expectations of future cash flow, (iii) our determination of near-term cash needs for debt repayments and potential future share repurchases, (iv) the market of available acquisitions of new properties and redevelopment, expansion and pad development opportunities, (v) the timing of significant re-leasing activities and the establishment of additional cash reserves for anticipated tenant allowances and general property capital improvements, (vi) our ability to continue to access additional sources of capital, and (vii) the amount required to be distributed to maintain our status as a REIT, which is a requirement of our unsecured credit agreement, and to avoid or minimize any income and excise taxes that we otherwise would be required to pay. Under certain circumstances, we may be required to make distributions in excess of cash available for distribution in order to meet the REIT distribution requirements.
On May 1, 2020, our board of directors temporarily suspended future quarterly dividend payments on our outstanding Class A common stock to preserve and enhance liquidity and capital positioning. During the three months ended September 30, 2020, our board of directors declared a quarterly distribution of $0.05 per share of common stock. We declared distributions totaling $0.215625 per share of common stock during the nine months ended September 30, 2020.
We have an existing common stock repurchase program under which we may repurchase, from time to time, up to a maximum of $500,000 of shares of our Class A common stock. The shares may be repurchased in the open market or in privately negotiated transactions and are canceled upon repurchase. The timing and actual number of shares repurchased will depend on a variety of factors, including price in absolute terms and in relation to the value of our assets, corporate and regulatory requirements, market conditions and other corporate liquidity requirements and priorities. The common stock repurchase program may be suspended or terminated at any time without prior notice. We did not repurchase any shares during the nine months ended September 30, 2020. As of September 30, 2020, $189,105 remained available for repurchases of shares of our common stock under our common stock repurchase program.
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Capital Expenditures and Redevelopment Activity
We anticipate that obligations related to capital improvements and redevelopments, including expansions and pad developments, can be met with (i) cash flows from operations, (ii) working capital, (iii) capital markets transactions and (iv) our unsecured revolving line of credit.
As of September 30, 2020, we have active expansion and redevelopment projects at Circle East, One Loudoun Downtown, The Shoppes at Quarterfield and a vacant pad development at Southlake Town Square. To date, we have invested a total of approximately $81,000 in these projects, which is net of proceeds of $11,820 from the sale of air rights at Circle East and net of contributions from our joint venture partner at One Loudoun Downtown. These projects are at various stages of completion, and based on our current plans and estimates, we anticipate that it will require approximately $97,000 to $111,000 of additional investment from us to complete these projects. During the three months ended March 31, 2020, we halted plans for vertical construction at our Carillon redevelopment in response to current macroeconomic conditions due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and materially reduced the planned scope and spend for the project, driving a reduction in our expected 2020 redevelopment spend of approximately $75,000 to $100,000. As of September 30, 2020, we have completed the current scope of site work preparation at Carillon in anticipation of future vertical development at the site.
We capitalized $633 and $1,900 of internal salaries and related benefits of personnel directly involved in capital upgrades and tenant improvements during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, respectively, and $679 and $2,004 during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, respectively. We also capitalized internal leasing incentives of $66 and $168 during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, respectively, and $111 and $247 during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, respectively, all of which were incremental to signed leases.
In addition, we capitalized $1,338 and $4,001 of indirect project costs related to redevelopment projects during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, including, among other costs, $318 and $1,019 of internal salaries and related benefits of personnel directly involved in the redevelopment projects and $804 and $2,325 of interest, respectively. We capitalized $1,204 and $2,437 of indirect project costs related to redevelopment projects during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, including, among other costs, $366 and $1,066 of internal salaries and related benefits of personnel directly involved in the redevelopment projects and $570 and $940 of interest, respectively.
Dispositions
The following table highlights our property dispositions during 2019 and the nine months ended September 30, 2020:
Number of
Properties Sold
Square
Footage
ConsiderationAggregate
Proceeds, Net (a)
Debt
Extinguished
2020 Disposition (through September 30, 2020)105,900 $13,900 $11,343 $— 
2019 Dispositions236,100 $44,750 $39,594 $— 
(a)Represents total consideration net of transaction costs, as well as capital and tenant-related costs credited to the buyer at close, as applicable.
In addition to the transactions presented in the preceding table, during the nine months ended September 30, 2020, we received proceeds of $26 from a condemnation award. During the year ended December 31, 2019, we received net proceeds of $5,062 in connection with the second and third phases of the sale of a land parcel, which included rights to develop 22 residential units, at One Loudoun Downtown.
Acquisitions
The following table highlights our asset acquisitions during 2019 and the nine months ended September 30, 2020:
Number of
Assets Acquired
Square FootageAcquisition PriceMortgage Debt
2020 Acquisition (through September 30, 2020) (a)154,700 $55,000 $— 
2019 Acquisitions (b)73,600 $29,976 $— 
(a)2020 acquisition is the fee interest in our Fullerton Metrocenter multi-tenant retail operating property. In connection with this acquisition, we also assumed the lessor position in a ground lease with a shadow anchor. The total number of properties in our portfolio was not affected by this transaction.
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(b)In addition to the acquisition of one multi-tenant retail operating property, 2019 acquisitions include the purchase of the following that did not affect our property count: (i) a parcel adjacent to our Paradise Valley Marketplace multi-tenant retail operating property and (ii) a single-user parcel at our Southlake Town Square multi-tenant retail operating property.
Summary of Cash Flows
Nine Months Ended September 30,
20202019Change
Net cash provided by operating activities$118,641 $170,688 $(52,047)
Net cash used in investing activities(147,495)(63,023)(84,472)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities46,235 (104,763)150,998 
Increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash17,381 2,902 14,479 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, at beginning of period14,447 19,601 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, at end of period$31,828 $22,503 
Cash Flows from Operating Activities
Cash flows from operating activities consist primarily of net income from property operations, adjusted for the following, among others: (i) depreciation and amortization, (ii) provision for impairment of investment properties and (iii) gain on sales of investment properties. Net cash provided by operating activities during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 decreased $52,047 primarily due to the following:
a $28,607 decrease in NOI, consisting of a decrease in Same Store NOI and NOI from properties that were sold or held for sale in 2019 and 2020 and other properties not included in our same store portfolio;
a $20,266 decrease in comparative changes in accounts receivable, net due to a decrease in the rate and aggregate amount of cash collections of charges billed to tenants as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic during the second and third quarters of 2020 as compared to historical levels;
a $1,334 increase in cash paid for interest, excluding debt prepayment fees;
a $337 increase in cash bonuses paid related to the results of 2019; and
ordinary course fluctuations in working capital accounts;
partially offset by
a $1,093 decrease in cash paid for leasing fees and inducements.
As a result of COVID-19, a number of our tenants were required to temporarily close their stores or modify their operations and, as a result, requested lease concessions. As of September 30, 2020, approximately 94% of our tenants (based on GLA) were open. While working to preserve our cash flow, we are also working with our tenants regarding requests for lease concessions. During the second and third quarters of 2020, we agreed in principle, and, in certain circumstances, executed agreements, with tenants regarding lease concessions. The majority of these concessions are for the deferral of amounts billed, without an extension of the lease term. However, certain of these lease concessions include abatement, a combination of deferral and abatement, or provide a concession that includes the extension of the existing lease term, which requires us to apply lease modification accounting. The majority of the amounts addressed by the lease concessions are base rent, although certain concessions also address tenant recoveries and other charges. As of September 30, 2020, we agreed in principle and, in certain circumstances, executed lease concessions to defer, without an extension of the lease term, $7,965 and $4,878 of previously uncollected base rent charges related to the second and third quarters of 2020, respectively, and to address an additional $6,965 and $3,028 of previously uncollected base rent charges related to the second and third quarters of 2020, respectively, through abatement, a combination of deferral and abatement or a concession with the extension of the lease term. As of September 30, 2020, the amounts that have been deferred to future periods under executed lease concessions, on a weighted average basis, are expected to be received starting approximately four months from September 30, 2020 and will be received over a period of approximately 11 months once started.
Subsequent to September 30, 2020, we agreed in principle and, in certain circumstances, executed agreements with additional tenants whereby we expect to address an additional $765 and $190 of previously uncollected base rent charges related to the second and third quarters of 2020, respectively. Furthermore, we agreed in principle and, in certain circumstances, executed
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agreements with tenants whereby we expect to address through lease concessions approximately $937 of base rent charges pertaining to future periods. We can make no assurances that the in-process lease amendments will ultimately be executed in the lease concession type being actively negotiated, or at all.
As of October 30, 2020, approximately 96% of our tenants (based on GLA), or 95% of our tenants (based on ABR), were open. We have not yet reached agreements, and in some cases do not anticipate reaching agreements, to defer or abate rent with certain tenants regarding concession requests, as discussions are ongoing, and certain tenants have not paid or only partially paid their rent and other charges. As of October 26, 2020, we have collected 73.6%, 84.2% and 87.2% of base rent charges related to the three months ended June 30, 2020 and September 30, 2020 and one month ended October 31, 2020, respectively. If such a trend in cash collection activity continues, or possibly deteriorates, and if we reach additional agreements with tenants to defer or abate rent, our operating cash flows will be negatively impacted. We will continue to work with tenants regarding lease concession requests, which may or may not include some element of rent deferral and, in some cases, partial rent abatement. While seeking to work toward a mutually agreeable outcome with tenants directly impacted by COVID-19, we believe that certain tenants, which remain open and have the ability to pay, have elected to withhold base rent unnecessarily. We are not forgoing our contractual rights under our lease agreements and our tenants do not have a clear contractual right to cease paying rent due to government closures, and, as a result, non-payment of rent generally constitutes a default. However, COVID-19 and the related governmental orders present fairly novel situations and it is possible government action could impact our rights.
Management believes that cash flows from operations, working capital and our unsecured revolving line of credit will provide sufficient liquidity to sustain future operations; however, we cannot provide any such assurances.
Cash Flows from Investing Activities
Cash flows from investing activities consist primarily of cash paid to purchase investment properties and fund capital expenditures, tenant improvements and developments in progress, net of proceeds from the sales of investment properties. Net cash flows from investing activities during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 decreased $84,472 due to the following:
a $41,122 increase in investment in developments in progress;
a $33,287 decrease in proceeds from the sales of investment properties; and
a $25,079 increase in cash paid to purchase investment properties;
partially offset by
a $15,016 decrease in capital expenditures and tenant improvements.
For the remainder of 2020, we expect to fund redevelopment, expansion and pad development activities, capital expenditures and tenant improvements through cash flows generated from operations, working capital and our unsecured revolving line of credit.
Cash Flows from Financing Activities
Cash flows from financing activities primarily consist of proceeds from our unsecured revolving line of credit and the issuance of debt instruments, partially offset by (i) repayments of our unsecured revolving line of credit, unsecured debt instruments and mortgages payable, (ii) distribution payments, (iii) payment of loan fees and deposits, (iv) debt prepayment costs and (v) principal payments on mortgages payable. Net cash flows from financing activities during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 increased $150,998 primarily due to the following:
a $393,746 increase in proceeds from the issuance of unsecured notes payable;
a $231,000 change in the activity on our unsecured revolving line of credit from net repayments of $249,000 during the nine months ended September 30, 2019 compared to net repayments of $18,000 during the nine months ended September 30, 2020;
a $107,757 decrease in principal payments on mortgages payable;
a $35,290 decrease in distributions paid; and
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a $5,365 decrease in debt prepayment fees;
partially offset by
a $270,000 decrease in proceeds from the Term Loan Due 2024 and Term Loan Due 2026 during the nine months ended September 30, 2019. No such proceeds were received in 2020;
a $250,000 increase in repayments of unsecured term loans resulting from the repayment of our unsecured term loan due 2021 during the nine months ended September 30, 2020. No such repayments were made in 2019;
a $100,000 increase in repayments of unsecured notes payable resulting from the repayment of our Notes Due 2021 during the nine months ended September 30, 2020. No such repayments were made in 2019; and
a $2,884 increase in the payment of loan fees and deposits.
We plan to continue to address our debt maturities through a combination of (i) cash flows from operations, (ii) working capital, (iii) capital markets transactions and (iv) our unsecured revolving line of credit.
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
We do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements.
Contractual Obligations
During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, except as otherwise disclosed herein, there were no material changes outside the normal course of business to the contractual obligations identified in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
Our 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K contains a description of our critical accounting policies, including those relating to the acquisition of investment properties, impairment of long-lived assets and lease income. Our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2020 includes an update of our policies related to lease income and accounts receivable as a result of significant changes in judgments related to the COVID-19 pandemic. For the three months ended September 30, 2020, there were no significant changes to these policies.
Impact of Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
See Note 2 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies in the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements regarding recently issued accounting pronouncements.
Subsequent Events
Subsequent to September 30, 2020, we paid the cash dividend for the third quarter of 2020 of $0.05 per share on our outstanding Class A common stock.
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ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
We may be exposed to interest rate changes primarily as a result of our long-term debt that is used to maintain liquidity and fund our operations. Our interest rate risk management objectives are to limit the impact of interest rate changes on earnings and cash flows and to lower our overall borrowing costs. To achieve our objectives, we borrow primarily at fixed rates, and in some cases variable rates with the ability to convert to fixed rates.
With regard to variable rate financing, we assess interest rate cash flow risk by continually identifying and monitoring changes in interest rate exposures that may adversely impact expected future cash flows and by evaluating hedging opportunities. We maintain risk management control systems to monitor interest rate cash flow risk attributable to both our outstanding or forecasted debt obligations as well as our potential offsetting hedge positions. The risk management control systems involve the use of analytical techniques, including cash flow sensitivity analysis, to estimate the expected impact of changes in interest rates on our future cash flows.
As of September 30, 2020, we had $470,000 of variable rate debt based on LIBOR that has been swapped to fixed rate debt through interest rate swaps. Our interest rate swaps as of September 30, 2020 are summarized in the following table:
Notional
Amount
Maturity DateFair Value of
Derivative
Liability
Term Loan Due 2023$200,000 November 22, 2023$16,338 
Term Loan Due 2024120,000 July 17, 20246,556 
Term Loan Due 2026150,000 July 17, 202611,910 
$470,000 $34,804 
For a discussion concerning the scheduled debt maturities and principal amortization of our indebtedness as of September 30, 2020 for the remainder of 2020, each of the next four years and thereafter and the weighted average interest rates by year to evaluate the expected cash flows and sensitivity to interest rate changes, refer to Note 7 – Debt in the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements and Part I, “Item 2 – Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Liquidity and Capital Resources — Debt Maturities” contained herein.
A decrease of 1% in market interest rates would result in a hypothetical increase in our derivative liability of approximately $20,653.
The combined carrying amount of our debt is approximately $12,923 lower than the fair value as of September 30, 2020.
As of September 30, 2020, we had $470,000 of variable rate debt that has been swapped to fixed rate debt and access to a variable rate revolving line of credit with an interest rate of 1.20% based on LIBOR; however, the revolving line of credit was not drawn as of September 30, 2020. An increase in the variable interest rate on the revolving line of credit constitutes a market risk. If interest rates increase by 1%, there would be no change to interest expense as the revolving line of credit is undrawn as of September 30, 2020.
We may use additional derivative financial instruments to hedge exposures to changes in interest rates. To the extent we do, we are exposed to market and credit risk. Market risk is the adverse effect on the value of a financial instrument that results from a change in interest rates. The market risk associated with interest rate contracts is managed by establishing and monitoring parameters that limit the types and degree of market risk that may be undertaken. Credit risk is the failure of the counterparty to perform under the terms of the derivative contract. When the fair value of a derivative contract is positive, the counterparty owes us, which creates credit risk for us. When the fair value of a derivative contract is negative, we owe the counterparty and, therefore, we generally are not exposed to the credit risk of the counterparty. We minimize credit risk in derivative instruments by entering into transactions with highly rated counterparties or with the same party providing the financing, with the right of offset.
When LIBOR is discontinued, the interest rate for certain of our debt instruments, including our unsecured credit facility revolving line of credit, Term Loan Due 2023, Term Loan Due 2024 and Term Loan Due 2026, and interest rate swap agreements that are indexed to LIBOR will be based on a replacement rate or an alternate base rate as specified in the applicable documentation governing such debt or swaps or as otherwise agreed upon. Such an event would not affect our ability to borrow or maintain already outstanding borrowings or swaps, but the replacement rate or alternate base rate could be higher or more volatile than LIBOR prior to its discontinuance. We understand that LIBOR is expected to remain available through the end of 2021.
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ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
We have established disclosure controls and procedures to ensure that material information relating to us, including our consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to the officers who certify our financial reports and to the members of senior management and the board of directors.
Based on management’s evaluation as of September 30, 2020, our Chief Executive Officer and our Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer have concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended) are effective to ensure that the information required to be disclosed by us in our reports that we file or submit under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms, and is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and our Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
There were no changes to our internal controls over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934) during the fiscal quarter ended September 30, 2020 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal controls over financial reporting.
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PART II — OTHER INFORMATION
ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
We are subject, from time to time, to various legal proceedings and claims that arise in the ordinary course of business. While the resolution of such matters cannot be predicted with certainty, we believe, based on currently available information, that the final outcome of such matters will not have a material effect on our condensed consolidated financial statements.
ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS
Except to the extent updated below or to the extent additional factual information disclosed elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q relates to such factors (including, without limitation, the matters discussed in Part I. “Item 2 – Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations”), there have been no material changes to our risk factors during the three months ended September 30, 2020 compared to those risk factors presented in Part I, “Item 1A. Risk Factors” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 and our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q for the quarters ended March 31, 2020 and June 30, 2020.
ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS
(a)Not applicable.
(b)Not applicable.
(c)Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
From time to time, employees surrender shares of Class A common stock to the Company to satisfy their tax withholding obligations in connection with the vesting of common stock and restricted shares. There were no shares of Class A common stock surrendered or repurchased during the three months ended September 30, 2020.
As of September 30, 2020, $189,105 remained available for repurchases under our $500,000 common stock repurchase program, which has no scheduled expiration date.
ITEM 3. DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES
Not applicable.
ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES
Not applicable.
ITEM 5. OTHER INFORMATION
None.
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ITEM 6. EXHIBITS
Exhibit No.Description
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
31.1
31.2
32.1
101.SCHInline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document (filed herewith).
101.CALInline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document (filed herewith).
101.DEFInline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document (filed herewith).
101.LABInline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document (filed herewith).
101.PREInline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document (filed herewith).
104
Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as inline XBRL with applicable taxonomy extension information contained in Exhibits 101.*) (filed herewith).
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SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
RETAIL PROPERTIES OF AMERICA, INC.
By:/s/ STEVEN P. GRIMES
Steven P. Grimes
Chief Executive Officer
(Principal Executive Officer)
Date:November 3, 2020
By:/s/ JULIE M. SWINEHART
Julie M. Swinehart
Executive Vice President,
Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer
(Principal Financial Officer and
Principal Accounting Officer)
Date:November 3, 2020


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