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Gladstone Commercial (GOOD)

Filed: 30 Oct 19, 4:00pm

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549 
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
ýQUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2019
OR 
¨TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM                     TO                     
COMMISSION FILE NUMBER: 001-33097 
GLADSTONE COMMERCIAL CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
MARYLAND 02-0681276
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
  
1521 WESTBRANCH DRIVE, SUITE 100
MCLEAN, VIRGINIA
 22102
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
(703) 287-5800
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Not Applicable
(Former name, former address and formal fiscal year, if changed since last report) 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class Trading Symbol(s) Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.001 per share GOOD Nasdaq Global Select Market
7.75% Series A Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock, par value $0.001 per share GOODP Nasdaq Global Select Market
7.50% Series B Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock, par value $0.001 per share GOODO Nasdaq Global Select Market
7.00% Series D Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock, par value $0.001 per share GOODM Nasdaq Global Select Market
6.625% Series E Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock, par value $0.001 per share GOODN Nasdaq Global Select Market

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Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer ¨  Accelerated filer ý
    
Non-accelerated filer 
¨  
  Smaller reporting company ¨
    Emerging growth company ¨
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  ý
The number of shares of the registrant’s Common Stock, $0.001 par value, outstanding as of October 30, 2019 was 31,229,157.

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GLADSTONE COMMERCIAL CORPORATION
FORM 10-Q FOR THE QUARTER ENDED
September 30, 2019
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 


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PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
Gladstone Commercial Corporation
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Dollars in Thousands, Except Share and Per Share Data)
(Unaudited)
  September 30, 2019 December 31, 2018
ASSETS    
Real estate, at cost $1,008,438
 $946,649
Less: accumulated depreciation 202,480
 178,257
Total real estate, net 805,958
 768,392
Lease intangibles, net 110,197
 111,448
Real estate and related assets held for sale, net 
 4,151
Cash and cash equivalents 6,175
 6,591
Restricted cash 2,778
 2,491
Funds held in escrow 6,011
 6,010
Right-of-use assets from operating leases 5,846
 
Deferred rent receivable, net 37,344
 34,771
Other assets 3,703
 4,921
TOTAL ASSETS $978,012
 $938,775
LIABILITIES, MEZZANINE EQUITY AND EQUITY    
LIABILITIES    
Mortgage notes payable, net (1) $434,689
 $441,346
Borrowings under Revolver, net 34,915
 50,084
Borrowings under Term Loan, net 121,219
 74,629
Deferred rent liability, net 19,754
 17,305
Operating lease liabilities 5,886
 
Asset retirement obligation 3,120
 2,875
Accounts payable and accrued expenses 2,658
 2,704
Due to Adviser and Administrator (1) 2,730
 2,523
Other liabilities 9,190
 7,292
TOTAL LIABILITIES $634,161
 $598,758
Commitments and contingencies (2) 
 
MEZZANINE EQUITY    
Series D redeemable preferred stock, net, par value $0.001 per share; $25 per share liquidation preference; 6,000,000 shares authorized; and 3,509,555 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 (3) $85,598
 $85,598
TOTAL MEZZANINE EQUITY $85,598
 $85,598
EQUITY    
Series A and B redeemable preferred stock, par value $0.001 per share; $25 per share liquidation preference; 5,350,000 shares authorized and 2,264,000 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively (3) $2
 $2
Senior common stock, par value $0.001 per share; 950,000 shares authorized; and 848,906 and 866,259 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively (3) 1
 1
Common stock, par value $0.001 per share, 83,700,000 and 87,700,000 shares authorized and 31,220,465 and 29,254,899 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively (3) 31
 29
Additional paid in capital 599,956
 559,977
Accumulated other comprehensive income (2,483) (148)
Distributions in excess of accumulated earnings (343,736) (310,117)
TOTAL STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY 253,771
 249,744
OP Units held by Non-controlling OP Unitholders (3) $4,482
 $4,675
TOTAL EQUITY $258,253
 $254,419
TOTAL LIABILITIES, MEZZANINE EQUITY AND EQUITY $978,012
 $938,775
(1)Refer to Note 2 “Related-Party Transactions”
(2)Refer to Note 7 “Commitments and Contingencies”
(3)Refer to Note 8 “Equity and Mezzanine Equity”

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

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Gladstone Commercial Corporation
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income
(Dollars in Thousands, Except Share and Per Share Data)
(Unaudited) 
  For the three months ended September 30, For the nine months ended September 30,
  2019 2018 2019 2018
Operating revenues        
Lease revenue $28,667
 $26,591
 $85,001
 $79,538
Total operating revenues 28,667
 26,591
 85,001
 79,538
Operating expenses        
Depreciation and amortization 12,979
 11,807
 38,611
 35,166
Property operating expenses 3,202
 2,638
 9,330
 8,247
Base management fee (1) 1,292
 1,242
 3,852
 3,798
Incentive fee (1) 965
 785
 2,720
 2,215
Administration fee (1) 411
 440
 1,222
 1,187
General and administrative 596
 510
 2,035
 1,754
Total operating expenses 19,445
 17,422
 57,770
 52,367
Other (expense) income        
Interest expense (7,170) (6,531) (21,406) (19,275)
Gain on sale of real estate, net 
 
 2,952
 1,844
Other income 139
 39
 291
 67
Total other expense, net (7,031) (6,492) (18,163) (17,364)
Net income 2,191
 2,677
 9,068
 9,807
Net loss (income) attributable to OP Units held by Non-controlling OP Unitholders 16
 
 (13) 
Net income attributable to the Company $2,207
 $2,677
 $9,055
 $9,807
Distributions attributable to Series A, B and D preferred stock (2,612) (2,612) (7,837) (7,803)
Distributions attributable to senior common stock (226) (235) (675) (700)
Net (loss) income (attributable) available to common stockholders $(631) $(170) $543
 $1,304
(Loss) earnings per weighted average share of common stock - basic & diluted        
(Loss) earnings (attributable) available to common shareholders $(0.02) $(0.01) $0.02
 $0.05
Weighted average shares of common stock outstanding        
Basic and Diluted 31,032,802
 28,734,380
 30,338,690
 28,532,224
Earnings per weighted average share of senior common stock $0.26
 $0.27
 $0.78
 $0.79
Weighted average shares of senior common stock outstanding - basic 854,435
 886,346
 859,956
 890,966
Comprehensive income        
Change in unrealized (loss) gain related to interest rate hedging instruments, net $(624) $245
 $(2,335) $1,028
Other Comprehensive (loss) income (624) 245
 (2,335) 1,028
Net income $2,191
 $2,677
 $9,068
 $9,807
Comprehensive income $1,567
 $2,922
 $6,733
 $10,835
Comprehensive loss (income) attributable to OP Units held by Non-controlling OP Unitholders 16
 
 (13) 
Total comprehensive income attributable to the Company $1,583
 $2,922
 $6,720
 $10,835
 
(1)Refer to Note 2 “Related-Party Transactions”
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

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Gladstone Commercial Corporation
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Dollars in Thousands)
(Unaudited)

  For the nine months ended September 30,
  2019 2018
Cash flows from operating activities:    
Net income $9,068
 $9,807
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:    
Depreciation and amortization 38,611
 35,166
Gain on sale of real estate, net (2,952) (1,844)
Amortization of deferred financing costs 1,268
 1,103
Amortization of deferred rent asset and liability, net (1,071) (797)
Amortization of discount and premium on assumed debt, net 47
 (36)
Asset retirement obligation expense 81
 90
Operating changes in assets and liabilities    
(Increase) decrease in other assets (88) 170
Increase in deferred rent receivable (1,448) (1,908)
(Decrease) increase in accounts payable, accrued expenses, and amount due to Adviser and Administrator (13) 513
Decrease in right-of-use asset from operating leases 152
 
Decrease in operating lease liabilities (112) 
Increase (decrease) in other liabilities 398
 (1,071)
Leasing commissions paid (875) (402)
Net cash provided by operating activities $43,066
 $40,791
Cash flows from investing activities:    
Acquisition of real estate and related intangible assets $(67,272) $(22,800)
Improvements of existing real estate (3,261) (2,494)
Proceeds from sale of real estate 6,318
 10,773
Receipts from lenders for funds held in escrow 1,424
 1,286
Payments to lenders for funds held in escrow (1,425) (1,817)
Receipts from tenants for reserves 2,166
 2,119
Payments to tenants from reserves (1,589) (1,884)
Deposits on future acquisitions (1,490) (590)
Deposits applied against acquisition of real estate investments 1,490
 590
Net cash used in investing activities $(63,639) $(14,817)
Cash flows from financing activities:    
Proceeds from issuance of equity $41,231
 $12,504
Offering costs paid (620) (200)
Retirement of senior common stock 
 (34)
Borrowings under mortgage notes payable 41,140
 14,125
Payments for deferred financing costs (2,075) (345)
Principal repayments on mortgage notes payable (48,116) (24,888)
Borrowings from revolving credit facility 94,500
 57,400
Repayments on revolving credit facility (109,300) (47,900)
Borrowings on term loan 47,300
 
Decrease in security deposits (106) (26)

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Distributions paid for common, senior common, preferred stock and Non-controlling OP Unitholders (43,510) (40,615)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities $20,444
 $(29,979)
Net decrease in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash $(129) $(4,005)
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at beginning of period $9,082
 $9,080
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at end of period $8,953
 $5,075
NON-CASH INVESTING AND FINANCING INFORMATION    
Tenant funded fixed asset improvements $2,665
 $314
Reserves released by title company to tenant $
 $3,966
Unrealized (loss) gain related to interest rate hedging instruments, net $(2,335) $1,028
Right-of-use asset from operating leases $5,998
 $
Operating lease liabilities $(5,998) $
Capital improvements and leasing commissions included in accounts payable and accrued expenses $371
 $506
Increase in asset retirement obligation assumed in acquisition $164
 $

The following table provides a reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash reported within the condensed consolidated balance sheets that sum to the total of the same amounts shown in the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows (dollars in thousands):

  For the nine months ended September 30,
  2019 2018
Cash and cash equivalents $6,175
 $2,470
Restricted cash 2,778
 2,605
Total cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash shown in the consolidated statement of cash flows $8,953
 $5,075

Restricted cash consists of security deposits and receipts from tenants for reserves. These funds will be released to the tenants upon completion of agreed upon tasks, as specified in the lease agreements, mainly consisting of maintenance and repairs on the buildings and upon receipt by us of evidence of insurance and tax payments.

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

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Gladstone Commercial Corporation
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

1. Organization, Basis of Presentation and Significant Accounting Policies

Gladstone Commercial Corporation is a real estate investment trust (“REIT”) that was incorporated under the General Corporation Law of the State of Maryland on February 14, 2003. We focus on acquiring, owning and managing primarily office and industrial properties. On a selective basis, we may make long term industrial and office mortgage loans; however, we do not have any mortgage loans currently outstanding. Subject to certain restrictions and limitations, our business is managed by Gladstone Management Corporation, a Delaware corporation (the “Adviser”), and administrative services are provided by Gladstone Administration, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (the “Administrator”), each pursuant to a contractual arrangement with us. Our Adviser and Administrator collectively employ all of our personnel and pay their salaries, benefits, and other general expenses directly. Gladstone Commercial Corporation conducts substantially all of its operations through a subsidiary, Gladstone Commercial Limited Partnership, a Delaware limited partnership (the “Operating Partnership”).

All references herein to “we,” “our,” “us” and the “Company” mean Gladstone Commercial Corporation and its consolidated subsidiaries, except where it is made clear that the term means only Gladstone Commercial Corporation.

Interim Financial Information

Our interim financial statements are prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and pursuant to the requirements for reporting on Form 10-Q and in accordance with Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, certain disclosures accompanying annual financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP are omitted. The year-end balance sheet data presented herein was derived from audited financial statements, but does not include all disclosures required by GAAP. In the opinion of our management, all adjustments, consisting solely of normal recurring accruals, necessary for the fair statement of financial statements for the interim period, have been included. The interim financial statements and notes thereto should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018, as filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission on February 13, 2019. The results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for other interim periods or for the full fiscal year.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. Actual results could materially differ from those estimates.

Critical Accounting Policies

The preparation of our financial statements in accordance with GAAP, requires management to make judgments that are subjective in nature to make certain estimates and assumptions. Application of these accounting policies involves the exercise of judgment regarding the use of assumptions as to future uncertainties, and as a result, actual results could materially differ from these estimates. A summary of all of our significant accounting policies is provided in Note 1, “Organization, Basis of Presentation and Significant Accounting Policies,” to our consolidated financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018. There were no material changes to our critical accounting policies during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019.


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Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued guidance regarding the recognition of revenue from contracts with customers. Under this guidance, an entity will recognize revenue to depict the transfer of goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. This guidance also requires improved disclosures regarding the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from contracts with customers. We adopted this guidance for our annual and interim periods beginning January 1, 2018 and used the modified retrospective method, under which the cumulative effect of initially applying the guidance is recognized at the date of initial application. Our adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements. Further, as discussed below, we adopted the new guidance regarding the principles for the recognition measurement, presentation and disclosure of leases on January 1, 2019. The new revenue standard applies to executory costs and other components of revenue due under leases that are deemed to be non-lease components (examples include common area maintenance and provision of utilities), even when the revenue for such activities is not separately stipulated in the lease. Revenue from these non-lease components, which were previously recognized on a straight-line basis under previous lease guidance, are recognized under the new revenue guidance as the related services are delivered. As a result, while our total revenue recognized over the lease term does not differ under the new guidance, the revenue recognition pattern could be different. The new leasing guidance allows for an accounting election to account for each separate lease component and its associated non-lease components as a single lease component. As a lessor, we have made an accounting election to account for each separate lease component and its associated non-lease components as a single lease component. As a result of this election, our revenue recognition pattern for our leasing arrangements is consistent with how we recognized lease revenue prior to our adoption of the new leasing standard.

In February 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2016-02, “Leases: Amendments to the FASB Accounting Standards Codification” (“ASU 2016-02”). The new standard requires lessees to apply a dual approach, classifying leases as either finance or operating leases based on the principle of whether or not the lease is effectively a financed purchase of the leased asset by the lessee. This classification will determine whether lease expense is recognized based on an effective interest method or on a straight line basis over the term of the lease, respectively. A lessee is also required to record a right-of-use asset and a lease liability for all leases with a term of greater than 12 months regardless of their classification. Leases with a term of 12 months or less will be accounted for similar to existing guidance for operating leases today. The new standard requires lessors to account for leases using an approach that is substantially equivalent to existing guidance for sales-type leases, direct financing leases and operating leases. We adopted ASU 2016-02, as amended, as of January 1, 2019, which resulted in the recording of additional right-of-use assets from operating leases and operating lease liabilities of approximately $6.0 million for the four operating ground lease arrangements with terms greater than one year for which we are the lessee. We adopted the modified retrospective method, where we recorded the cumulative effect of applying the guidance as of January 1, 2019. We also adopted the full suite of practical expedients provided under this guidance, whereby we are not reassessing whether a contract is or contains a lease, the lease classification and the initial direct costs incurred upon onset of our leases. We have also adopted the hindsight practical expedient whereby we can use hindsight to determine the lease term as of the date of implementation, and we adopted the land easements practical expedient where we do not have to assess whether existing or expired land easements contain a lease. We analyzed our operating ground leases on the date of implementation and identified any option periods we believed were appropriate to include in the lease term, and discounted the future lease payments using a discount rate equivalent to a treasury rate with a similar lease term plus a spread ranging from 2.50% to 2.60%. This spread was determined by reviewing market premiums over treasuries for fully securitized assets. Three of our ground leases have fixed rental charges, and one has variable charges that are driven by the consumer price index. Three of our ground leases have options to extend, and one ground lease has multiple early termination options. We will include option periods or exclude termination options in future lease payments for ground leases located in our target markets.


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2. Related-Party Transactions

Gladstone Management and Gladstone Administration

We are externally managed pursuant to contractual arrangements with our Adviser and our Administrator, which collectively employ all of our personnel and pay their salaries, benefits, and other general expenses directly. Both our Adviser and Administrator are affiliates of ours, as their parent company is owned and controlled by Mr. David Gladstone, our chairman and chief executive officer. Two of our executive officers, Mr. Gladstone and Mr. Terry Lee Brubaker (our vice chairman and chief operating officer) serve as directors and executive officers of our Adviser and our Administrator. Our president, Mr. Robert Cutlip, is an executive managing director of our Adviser. Mr. Michael LiCalsi, our general counsel and secretary, also serves as our Administrator’s president, general counsel and secretary. We have entered into an advisory agreement with our Adviser, as amended from time to time (the “Advisory Agreement”), and an administration agreement with our Administrator (the “Administration Agreement”). The services and fees under the Advisory Agreement and Administration Agreement are described below. As of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, $2.7 million and $2.5 million, respectively, were collectively due to our Adviser and Administrator. Our entrance into the Advisory Agreement and each amendment thereto has been approved unanimously by our Board of Directors. Our Board of Directors reviews and considers renewing the agreement with our Adviser each July. During its July 2019 meeting, our Board of Directors reviewed and renewed the Advisory Agreement for an additional year, through August 31, 2020.

Base Management Fee

On January 8, 2019, we entered into a Fifth Amended and Restated Investment Advisory Agreement with the Adviser, effective as of October 1, 2018 to clarify that the agreement’s definition of Total Equity includes outstanding OP Units held by the Operating Partnership’s non-controlling limited partners (“Non-controlling OP Unitholders”).

Under the Advisory Agreement, the calculation of the annual base management fee equals 1.5% of our Total Equity, which is our total stockholders’ equity plus total mezzanine equity (before giving effect to the base management fee and incentive fee), adjusted to exclude the effect of any unrealized gains or losses that do not affect realized net income (including impairment charges), adjusted for any one-time events and certain non-cash items (the later to occur for a given quarter only upon the approval of our Compensation Committee), and adjusted to include OP Units held by Non-controlling OP Unitholders. The fee is calculated and accrued quarterly as 0.375% per quarter of such Total Equity figure. Our Adviser does not charge acquisition or disposition fees when we acquire or dispose of properties, as is common in other externally managed REITs; however, our Adviser may earn fee income from our borrowers, tenants or other sources.

For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, we recorded a base management fee of $1.3 million and $3.9 million, respectively. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, we recorded a base management fee of $1.2 million and $3.8 million, respectively.

Incentive Fee

Pursuant to the Advisory Agreement, the calculation of the incentive fee rewards the Adviser in circumstances where our quarterly Core FFO (defined at the end of this paragraph), before giving effect to any incentive fee, or pre-incentive fee Core FFO, exceeds 2.0% quarterly, or 8.0% annualized, of adjusted total stockholders’ equity (after giving effect to the base management fee but before giving effect to the incentive fee). We refer to this as the hurdle rate. The Adviser will receive 15.0% of the amount of our pre-incentive fee Core FFO that exceeds the hurdle rate. However, in no event shall the incentive fee for a particular quarter exceed by 15.0% (the cap) the average quarterly incentive fee paid by us for the previous four quarters (excluding quarters for which no incentive fee was paid). Core FFO (as defined in the Advisory Agreement) is GAAP net income (loss) available to common stockholders, excluding the incentive fee, depreciation and amortization, any realized and unrealized gains, losses or other non-cash items recorded in net income (loss) available to common stockholders for the period, and one-time events pursuant to changes in GAAP.

For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, we recorded an incentive fee of $1.0 million and $2.7 million, respectively. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, we recorded an incentive fee of $0.8 million and $2.2 million, respectively. The Adviser did not waive any portion of the incentive fee for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 or 2018, respectively.


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Capital Gain Fee

Under the Advisory Agreement, we will pay to the Adviser a capital gain-based incentive fee that will be calculated and payable in arrears as of the end of each fiscal year (or upon termination of the Advisory Agreement). In determining the capital gain fee, we will calculate aggregate realized capital gains and aggregate realized capital losses for the applicable time period. For this purpose, aggregate realized capital gains and losses, if any, equals the realized gain or loss calculated by the difference between the sales price of the property, less any costs to sell the property and the current gross value of the property (equal to the property’s original acquisition price plus any subsequent non-reimbursed capital improvements) of the disposed property. At the end of the fiscal year, if this number is positive, then the capital gain fee payable for such time period shall equal 15.0% of such amount. No capital gain fee was recognized during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 or 2018.

Termination Fee

The Advisory Agreement includes a termination fee whereby, in the event of our termination of the agreement without cause (with 120 days’ prior written notice and the vote of at least two-thirds of our independent directors), a termination fee would be payable to the Adviser equal to two times the sum of the average annual base management fee and incentive fee earned by the Adviser during the 24-month period prior to such termination. A termination fee is also payable if the Adviser terminates the Advisory Agreement after we have defaulted and applicable cure periods have expired. The Advisory Agreement may also be terminated for cause by us (with 30 days’ prior written notice and the vote of at least two-thirds of our independent directors), with no termination fee payable. Cause is defined in the agreement to include if the Adviser breaches any material provisions thereof, the bankruptcy or insolvency of the Adviser, dissolution of the Adviser and fraud or misappropriation of funds.

Administration Agreement

Under the terms of the Administration Agreement, we pay separately for our allocable portion of the Administrator’s overhead expenses in performing its obligations to us including, but not limited to, rent and our allocable portion of the salaries and benefits expenses of our Administrator’s employees, including, but not limited to, our chief financial officer, treasurer, chief compliance officer, general counsel and secretary (who also serves as our Administrator’s president, general counsel and secretary), and their respective staffs. Our allocable portion of the Administrator’s expenses are generally derived by multiplying our Administrator’s total expenses by the approximate percentage of time the Administrator’s employees perform services for us in relation to their time spent performing services for all companies serviced by our Administrator under contractual agreements. We believe this approach helps approximate fees paid by us to actual services performed by the Administrator for us. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, we recorded an administration fee of $0.4 million and $1.2 million, respectively. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, we recorded an administration fee of $0.4 million and $1.2 million, respectively.

Gladstone Securities

Gladstone Securities, LLC (“Gladstone Securities”), is a privately held broker dealer registered with the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority and insured by the Securities Investor Protection Corporation. Gladstone Securities is an affiliate of ours, as its parent company is owned and controlled by David Gladstone, our chairman and chief executive officer. Mr. Gladstone also serves on the board of managers of Gladstone Securities.

Mortgage Financing Arrangement Agreement

We entered into an agreement with Gladstone Securities, effective June 18, 2013, for it to act as our non-exclusive agent to assist us with arranging mortgage financing for properties we own (the “Financing Arrangement Agreement”). In connection with this engagement, Gladstone Securities will, from time to time, continue to solicit the interest of various commercial real estate lenders or recommend to us third party lenders offering credit products or packages that are responsive to our needs. We pay Gladstone Securities a financing fee in connection with the services it provides to us for securing mortgage financing on any of our properties. The amount of these financing fees, which are payable upon closing of the financing, are based on a percentage of the amount of the mortgage, generally ranging from 0.15% to a maximum of 1.0% of the mortgage obtained. The amount of the financing fees may be reduced or eliminated, as determined by us and Gladstone Securities, after taking into consideration various factors, including, but not limited to, the involvement of any third party brokers and market conditions. We paid financing fees to Gladstone Securities of $3,000 and $0.10 million during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, respectively, which are included in mortgage notes payable, net, in the condensed consolidated balance sheets, or 0.08% and 0.19%, respectively, of the mortgage principal secured and/or extended. We paid financing fees to Gladstone Securities of $18,363 and $42,663 during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively, which are included in mortgage notes payable, net, in the condensed consolidated balance sheets, or 0.15% and 0.12%, respectively, of the mortgage principal secured and/or extended. Our Board of Directors renewed the Financing Arrangement Agreement for an additional year, through August 31, 2020, at its July 2019 meeting.

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3. (Loss) Earnings Per Share of Common Stock

The following tables set forth the computation of basic and diluted (loss) earnings per share of common stock for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018. The OP Units held by Non-controlling OP Unitholders (which may be redeemed for shares of common stock) have been excluded from the diluted (loss) earnings per share calculations, as there would be no effect on the amounts since the Non-controlling OP Unitholders’ share of (loss) income would also be added back to net (loss) income. Net (loss) income figures are presented net of such non-controlling interests in the (loss) earnings per share calculation.

We computed basic (loss) earnings per share for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 using the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the respective periods. Diluted (loss) earnings per share for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 reflects additional shares of common stock related to our convertible senior common stock (the “Senior Common Stock”), if the effect would be dilutive, that would have been outstanding if dilutive potential shares of common stock had been issued, as well as an adjustment to net (loss) income (attributable) available to common stockholders as applicable to common stockholders that would result from their assumed issuance (dollars in thousands, except per share amounts).

  For the three months ended September 30, For the nine months ended September 30,
  2019 2018 2019 2018
Calculation of basic (loss) earnings per share of common stock:        
Net (loss) income (attributable) available to common stockholders $(631) $(170) $543
 $1,304
Denominator for basic weighted average shares of common stock (1) 31,032,802
 28,734,380
 30,338,690
 28,532,224
Basic (loss) earnings per share of common stock $(0.02) $(0.01) $0.02
 $0.05
Calculation of diluted (loss) earnings per share of common stock:        
Net (loss) income (attributable) available to common stockholders $(631) $(170) $543
 $1,304
Add: income impact of assumed conversion of senior common stock (2) 
 
 
 
Net (loss) income (attributable) available to common stockholders plus assumed conversions (2) $(631) $(170) $543
 $1,304
Denominator for basic weighted average shares of common stock (1) 31,032,802
 28,734,380
 30,338,690
 28,532,224
Effect of convertible Senior Common Stock (2) 
 
 
 
Denominator for diluted weighted average shares of common stock (2) 31,032,802
 28,734,380
 30,338,690
 28,532,224
Diluted (loss) earnings per share of common stock $(0.02) $(0.01) $0.02
 $0.05
 
(1)The weighted average number of OP Units held by Non-controlling OP Unitholders was 742,937 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019. The Company was the sole holder of OP Units for all periods prior to October 30, 2018.
(2)We excluded convertible shares of Senior Common Stock of 709,906 and 737,752 from the calculation of diluted (loss) earnings per share for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively, because they were anti-dilutive.


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4. Real Estate and Intangible Assets

Real Estate

The following table sets forth the components of our investments in real estate as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, excluding real estate held for sale as of December 31, 2018 (dollars in thousands):
 
  September 30, 2019
December 31, 2018
Real estate:    
Land $130,962
 $125,905
Building and improvements 810,774
 755,584
Tenant improvements 66,702
 65,160
Accumulated depreciation (202,480) (178,257)
Real estate, net $805,958
 $768,392

Real estate depreciation expense on building and tenant improvements was $8.3 million and $24.4 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, respectively, and $7.5 million and $22.3 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively.
 
Acquisitions

We acquired nine properties during the nine months ended September 30, 2019, and two properties during the nine months ended September 30, 2018. The acquisitions are summarized below (dollars in thousands):

Nine Months Ended Aggregate Square Footage Weighted Average Lease Term Aggregate Purchase Price Acquisition Expenses Aggregate Annualized GAAP Rent Aggregate Debt Issued or Assumed
September 30, 2019(1)1,463,763
 14.8 Years $67,272
 $621
(3)$5,437
 $8,900
September 30, 2018(2)285,254
 11.7 Years 22,800
 225
(3)1,851
 4,745

(1)On February 8, 2019, we acquired a 26,050 square foot property in a suburb of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, for $2.7 million. The annualized GAAP rent on the 15.1 year lease is $0.2 million. On February 28, 2019, we acquired a 34,800 square foot property in Indianapolis, Indiana for $3.6 million. The annualized GAAP rent on the 10.0 year lease is $0.3 million. On April 5, 2019, we acquired a 207,000 square foot property in Ocala, Florida, for $11.9 million. The annualized GAAP rent on the 20.1 year lease is $0.8 million. On April 5, 2019, we acquired a 176,000 square foot property in Ocala, Florida, for $7.3 million. The annualized GAAP rent on the 20.1 year lease is $0.7 million. On April 30, 2019, we acquired a 54,430 square foot property in Columbus, Ohio, for $3.2 million. The annualized GAAP rent on the 7.0 year lease is $0.2 million. On June 18, 2019, we acquired a 676,031 square foot property in Tifton, Georgia, for $17.9 million. The annualized GAAP rent on the 8.5 year lease is $1.6 million. We issued $8.9 million of mortgage debt with a fixed interest rate of 4.35% in connection with this acquisition. On July 30, 2019, we acquired a 78,452 square foot property in Denton, Texas, for $6.6 million. The annualized GAAP rent on the 11.9 year lease is $0.5 million. On September 26, 2019, we acquired a 211,000 square foot two property portfolio in Temple, Texas, for $14.1 million. The annualized GAAP rent on the 20.0 year lease is $1.2 million.
(2)On March 9, 2018, we acquired a 127,444 square foot property in Vance, Alabama for $14.3 million. The annualized GAAP rent on the 9.8 year lease is $1.1 million. On September 20, 2018, we acquired a 157,810 square foot property in Columbus, Ohio for $8.5 million. We issued $4.7 million of mortgage debt in connection with this acquisition. The annualized GAAP rent on the 15.0 year lease is $0.8 million.
(3)We accounted for these transactions under ASU 2017-01, “Clarifying the Definition of a Business.” As a result, we treated our acquisitions during the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 as asset acquisitions rather than business combinations. As a result of this treatment, we capitalized $0.6 million and $0.2 million, respectively, of acquisition costs that would otherwise have been expensed under business combination treatment.


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We determined the fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed related to the properties acquired during the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 as follows (dollars in thousands):

  Nine months ended September 30, 2019 Nine months ended September 30, 2018
Acquired assets and liabilities Purchase price Purchase price
Land $5,046
 $1,140
Building 48,898
 17,849
Tenant Improvements 1,541
 776
In-place Leases 4,868
 1,249
Leasing Costs 4,481
 1,245
Customer Relationships 2,200
 792
Above Market Leases 1,865
 49
Below Market Leases (1,627) (300)
Total Purchase Price $67,272
 $22,800

Significant Real Estate Activity on Existing Assets

During the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, we executed five leases and two leases, respectively, which are summarized below (dollars in thousands):

Nine Months Ended Aggregate Square Footage Weighted Average Remaining Lease Term Aggregate Annualized GAAP Rent Aggregate Tenant Improvement Aggregate Leasing Commissions
September 30, 2019 230,264
 8.8 years $3,366
 $785
 $910
September 30, 2018(1)184,441
 1.6 years 391
 
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(1)One of the new leases we entered into was on our South Hadley, Massachusetts property, which was classified as held for sale on the condensed consolidated balance sheets as of September 30, 2018.

Future Lease Payments

Future operating lease payments from tenants under non-cancelable leases, excluding tenant reimbursement of expenses, for the three months ending December 31, 2019 and each of the five succeeding fiscal years and thereafter is as follows (dollars in thousands):

YearTenant Lease Payments
Three Months Ending 2019$27,585
2020102,850
202196,826
202289,192
202381,303
202472,155
Thereafter275,658
 $745,569

We account for all of our real estate leasing arrangements as operating leases. A majority of our leases are subject to fixed rental increases, but a small subset of our lease portfolio has variable lease payments that are driven by the consumer price index. Many of our tenants have renewal options in their respective leases, but we seldom include option periods in the determination of lease term, as we generally will not enter into leasing arrangements with bargain renewal options. A small number of tenants have termination options.

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Future minimum lease payments from tenants under non-cancelable leases, excluding tenant reimbursement of expenses and real estate held for sale as of December 31, 2018, for each of the five succeeding fiscal years and thereafter, is as follows (dollars in thousands):
 
YearTenant Lease Payments
2019$103,322
202097,302
202189,057
202282,336
202374,337
Thereafter279,424
 $725,778
 
In accordance with the lease terms, substantially all operating expenses are required to be paid by the tenant; however, we would be required to pay operating expenses on the respective properties in the event the tenants fail to pay them.

Intangible Assets

The following table summarizes the carrying value of intangible assets, liabilities and the accumulated amortization for each intangible asset and liability class as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, excluding real estate held for sale as of December 31, 2018 (dollars in thousands):

  September 30, 2019
December 31, 2018
  Lease Intangibles Accumulated Amortization Lease Intangibles Accumulated Amortization
In-place leases $88,762
 $(46,418) $83,894
 $(40,445)
Leasing costs 64,986
 (32,252) 59,671
 (28,092)
Customer relationships 62,656
 (27,537) 60,455
 (24,035)
  $216,404
 $(106,207) $204,020
 $(92,572)
         
  Deferred Rent Receivable/(Liability) Accumulated (Amortization)/Accretion Deferred Rent Receivable/(Liability) Accumulated (Amortization)/Accretion
Above market leases $16,417
 $(9,723) $14,551
 $(8,981)
Below market leases and deferred revenue (34,098) 14,344
 (29,807) 12,502
  $(17,681) $4,621
 $(15,256) $3,521

Total amortization expense related to in-place leases, leasing costs and customer relationship lease intangible assets was $4.7 million and $14.2 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, respectively, and $4.3 million and $12.9 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively, and is included in depreciation and amortization expense in the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income.

Total amortization related to above-market lease values was $0.3 million and $0.8 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, respectively, and $0.2 million and $0.7 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively, and is included in lease revenue in the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income. Total amortization related to below-market lease values was $0.7 million and $1.8 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, respectively, and $0.5 million and $1.5 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively, and is included in lease revenue in the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income.

The weighted average amortization periods in years for the intangible assets acquired during the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 were as follows:
 

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Intangible Assets & Liabilities 2019 2018
In-place leases 15.9 13.0
Leasing costs 15.9 13.0
Customer relationships 20.6 21.2
Above market leases 9.3 9.8
Below market leases 9.6 15.0
All intangible assets & liabilities 17.3 15.0

5. Real Estate Dispositions, Held for Sale and Impairment Charges

Real Estate Dispositions

During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, we continued to execute our capital recycling program, whereby we sell properties outside of our core markets and redeploy proceeds to either fund property acquisitions in our target secondary growth markets, or repay outstanding debt. We expect to continue to execute our capital recycling plan and sell non-core properties as reasonable disposition opportunities become available. On January 31, 2019, we sold one non-core property, located in Maitland, Florida, which is detailed in the table below (dollars in thousands):

Square Footage Sold Sales Price Sales Costs Gain on Sale of Real Estate, net
50,000
 $6,850
 $532
 $2,952

Our disposition during the nine months ended September 30, 2019 was not classified as a discontinued operation because it did not represent a strategic shift in operations, nor will it have a major effect on our operations and financial results. Accordingly, the operating results of this property is included within continuing operations for all periods reported.

The table below summarizes the components of operating income from the real estate and related assets disposed of during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, and 2018 (dollars in thousands):

  For the three months ended September 30, For the nine months ended September 30,
  2019 2018 2019 2018
Operating revenue $

$254
 $245

$749
Operating expense 1
 269
 786

810
Other income, net 

(84) 2,614
(1)(251)
(Expense) income from real estate and related assets sold $(1) $(99) $2,073
 $(312)

(1)Includes a $3.0 million gain on sale of real estate, net on one property.

Real Estate Held for Sale

At September 30, 2019, we did not have any properties classified as held for sale. At December 31, 2018, we had one property classified as held for sale, located in Maitland, Florida. This property was sold during the nine months ended September 30, 2019.

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The table below summarizes the components of the assets and liabilities held for sale reflected on the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets (dollars in thousands):
 
 December 31, 2018
Assets Held for Sale 
Real estate, at cost$3,173
Less: accumulated depreciation218
Total real estate held for sale, net2,955
Lease intangibles, net1,105
Deferred rent receivable, net91
Total Assets Held for Sale$4,151

Impairment Charges

We evaluated our portfolio for triggering events to determine if any of our held and used assets were impaired during the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and did not identify any held and used assets which were impaired. We also did not recognize an impairment charge during the nine months ended September 30, 2018.

The property we classified as held for sale was reviewed through our held for sale carrying value analysis, during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, and we concluded that the fair market value less selling costs was greater than the carrying value of the property. We sold this property during the nine months ended September 30, 2019.

We continue to evaluate our properties on a quarterly basis for changes that could create the need to record impairment. Future impairment losses may result, and could be significant, should market conditions deteriorate in the markets in which we hold our assets or should we be unable to secure leases at terms that are favorable to us, which could impact the estimated cash flow of our properties over the period in which we plan to hold our properties. Additionally, changes in management’s decisions to either own and lease long-term or sell a particular asset will have an impact on this analysis.


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6. Mortgage Notes Payable and Credit Facility

Our mortgage notes payable and Credit Facility as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 are summarized below (dollars in thousands):

  Encumbered properties at   Carrying Value at Stated Interest Rates at Scheduled Maturity Dates at
  September 30, 2019   September 30, 2019 December 31, 2018 September 30, 2019
September 30, 2019
Mortgage and other secured loans:            
Fixed rate mortgage loans 51
   $393,220
 $385,051
 (1) (2)
Variable rate mortgage loans 12
   45,514
 60,659
 (3) (2)
Premiums and discounts, net -
   (254) (301) N/A N/A
Deferred financing costs, mortgage loans, net -
   (3,791) (4,063) N/A N/A
Total mortgage notes payable, net 63
   $434,689
 $441,346
 (4)  
Variable rate revolving credit facility 43
 (6) $35,800
 $50,600
 LIBOR + 1.65% 7/2/2023
Deferred financing costs, revolving credit facility -
   (885) (516) N/A N/A
Total revolver, net 43
   $34,915
 $50,084
    
Variable rate term loan facility -
 (6) $122,300
 $75,000
 LIBOR + 1.60% 7/2/2024
Deferred financing costs, term loan facility -
   (1,081) (371) N/A N/A
Total term loan, net N/A
   $121,219
 $74,629
    
Total mortgage notes payable and credit facility 106
   $590,823
 $566,059
 (5)  
 
(1)Interest rates on our fixed rate mortgage notes payable vary from 3.42% to 6.63%.
(2)We have 47 mortgage notes payable with maturity dates ranging from 12/6/2019 through 7/1/2045.
(3)Interest rates on our variable rate mortgage notes payable vary from one month LIBOR + 2.00% to one month LIBOR + 2.75%. At September 30, 2019, one month LIBOR was approximately 2.02%.
(4)The weighted average interest rate on the mortgage notes outstanding at September 30, 2019 was approximately 4.58%.
(5)The weighted average interest rate on all debt outstanding at September 30, 2019 was approximately 4.33%.
(6)The amount we may draw under our Credit Facility is based on a percentage of the fair value of a combined pool of 43 unencumbered properties as of September 30, 2019.
N/A - Not Applicable

Mortgage Notes Payable

As of September 30, 2019, we had 47 mortgage notes payable, collateralized by a total of 63 properties with a net book value of $632.3 million. We have limited recourse liabilities that could result from any one or more of the following circumstances: a borrower voluntarily filing for bankruptcy, improper conveyance of a property, fraud or material misrepresentation, misapplication or misappropriation of rents, security deposits, insurance proceeds or condemnation proceeds, or physical waste or damage to the property resulting from a borrower’s gross negligence or willful misconduct. We have full recourse for $16.2 million of the mortgages notes payable, net, or 3.7% of the outstanding balance. We will also indemnify lenders against claims resulting from the presence of hazardous substances or activity involving hazardous substances in violation of environmental laws on a property. 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, we partially repaid one mortgage collateralized by three properties, releasing one of the collateralized properties that we sold on January 31, 2019, and we fully repaid three mortgages fully collateralized by seven properties, all of which are summarized below (dollars in thousands):
 
Aggregate Variable Rate Debt Repaid Weighted Average Interest Rate on Variable Rate Debt Repaid Aggregate Fixed Rate Debt Repaid Weighted Average Interest Rate on Fixed Rate Debt Repaid
$13,600
 LIBOR +2.47% $25,042
 4.18%

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During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, we issued three mortgages, collateralized by three properties, which are summarized in the table below (dollars in thousands):

Aggregate Fixed Rate Debt Issued Weighted Average Interest Rate on Fixed Rate Debt
$41,140
(1)3.95%

(1)We issued $10.6 million of fixed rate debt in connection with one property acquired on December 27, 2018 with a maturity date of February 8, 2029. The interest rate is fixed at 4.70% for the first seven years of the mortgage. After the fixed interest rate period expires, we have the option to adjust the interest rate to a fixed interest rate equal to 1.8% plus the three year treasury rate per annum, or a variable interest rate equal to 1.8% plus the 30 day LIBOR rate per annum. On May 31, 2019, we issued $21.6 million of floating rate debt swapped to fixed rate debt of 3.42% in connection with refinancing mortgage debt at one property with a new maturity date of June 1, 2024. We issued $8.9 million of fixed rate debt in connection with our June 18, 2019 property acquisition with a maturity date of June 18, 2024 and a rate of 4.35%.

During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, we extended the maturity date of two mortgages, collateralized by four properties, which is summarized below (dollars in thousands):

Aggregate Variable Rate Debt Extended Weighted Average Interest Rate on Variable Rate Debt Extended Weighted Average Extension Term
$12,561
 LIBOR +2.51% 2.4 years

We made payments of $1.4 million and $2.1 million for deferred financing costs during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, respectively, and $0.1 million and $0.3 million for deferred financing costs during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively.

Scheduled principal payments of mortgage notes payable for the three months ending December 31, 2019, and each of the five succeeding years and thereafter are as follows (dollars in thousands):
 
Year Scheduled Principal Payments 
Three Months Ending December 31, 2019 $8,804
 
2020 31,118
 
2021 37,838
 
2022 106,189
 
2023 70,465
 
2024 47,514
 
Thereafter 136,806
 
Total $438,734
(1)

(1)This figure does not include $0.3 million of premiums and discounts, net, and $3.8 million of deferred financing costs, which are reflected in mortgage notes payable, net on the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

We believe we will be able to address all mortgage notes payable maturing over the next 12 months through a combination of refinancing our existing indebtedness, cash from operations, proceeds from one or more equity offerings and availability on our Credit Facility.


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Interest Rate Cap and Interest Rate Swap Agreements

We have entered into interest rate cap agreements that cap the interest rate on certain of our variable-rate debt and we have assumed or entered into interest rate swap agreements in which we hedged our exposure to variable interest rates by agreeing to pay fixed interest rates to our respective counterparty. We have adopted the fair value measurement provisions for our financial instruments recorded at fair value. The fair value guidance establishes a three-tier value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value. These tiers include: Level 1, defined as observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets; Level 2, defined as inputs other than quoted prices in active markets that are either directly or indirectly observable; and Level 3, defined as unobservable inputs in which little or no market data exists, therefore requiring an entity to develop its own assumptions. Generally, we will estimate the fair value of our interest rate caps and interest rate swaps, in the absence of observable market data, using estimates of value including estimated remaining life, counterparty credit risk, current market yield and interest rate spreads of similar securities as of the measurement date. At September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, our interest rate cap agreements and interest rate swap were valued using Level 2 inputs.

The fair value of the interest rate cap agreements is recorded in other assets on our accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets. We record changes in the fair value of the interest rate cap agreements quarterly based on the current market valuations at quarter end. If the interest rate cap qualifies for hedge accounting, the change in the estimated fair value is recorded to accumulated other comprehensive income to the extent that it is effective, with any ineffective portion recorded to interest expense in our condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income. If the interest rate cap does not qualify for hedge accounting, or if it is determined the hedge is ineffective, any change in the fair value is recognized in interest expense in our consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income. The following table summarizes the interest rate caps at September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 (dollars in thousands):
 
  September 30, 2019 December 31, 2018
Aggregate Cost Aggregate Notional Amount Aggregate Fair Value Aggregate Notional Amount Aggregate Fair Value
$1,596
(1)$167,062
 $368
 $134,678
 $622

(1)We have entered into various interest rate cap agreements on variable rate debt with LIBOR caps ranging from 2.50% to 3.00%.

We have assumed or entered into interest rate swap agreements in connection with certain of our acquisitions or mortgage financings, whereby we will pay our counterparty a fixed rate interest rate on a monthly basis, and receive payments from our counterparty equivalent to the stipulated floating rate. The fair values of our interest rate swap agreements are recorded in other assets or other liabilities on our accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets. We have designated our interest rate swaps as cash flow hedges, and we record changes in the fair value of the interest rate swap agreement to accumulated other comprehensive income on the condensed consolidated balance sheets. We record changes in fair value on a quarterly basis, using current market valuations at quarter end. The following table summarizes our interest rate swaps at September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 (dollars in thousands):

September 30, 2019 December 31, 2018
Aggregate Notional Amount Aggregate Fair Value Asset Aggregate Fair Value Liability Aggregate Notional Amount Aggregate Fair Value Asset Aggregate Fair Value Liability
$45,919
 $
 $(1,609) $24,732
 $451
 $(396)


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The following tables present the impact of our derivative instruments in the condensed consolidated financial statements (dollars in thousands):

  Amount of (Loss) Gain, net recognized in Comprehensive Income
  Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
  2019 2018 2019 2018
Derivatives in cash flow hedging relationships        
Interest rate caps $(187) $107
 $(671) $576
Interest rate swaps (437) 138
 (1,664) 452
         
Total $(624) $245
 $(2,335) $1,028

The following table sets forth certain information regarding our derivative instruments (dollars in thousands):

    Asset (Liability) Derivatives Fair Value at
Derivatives Designated as Hedging Instruments Balance Sheet Location September 30, 2019
 December 31, 2018
Interest rate caps Other assets $366
 $552
Interest rate swaps Other assets 
 451
Interest rate swaps Other liabilities (1,609) (396)
       
Derivatives Not Designated as Hedging Instruments      
Interest rate caps Other assets $2
 $70
       
Total derivative (liabilities) assets   $(1,241) $677

The fair value of all mortgage notes payable outstanding as of September 30, 2019 was $447.8 million, as compared to the carrying value stated above of $438.7 million. The fair value is calculated based on a discounted cash flow analysis, using management’s estimate of market interest rates on long-term debt with comparable terms and loan to value ratios. The fair value was calculated using Level 3 inputs of the hierarchy established by ASC 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures.”

Credit Facility

On August 7, 2013, we procured our senior unsecured revolving credit facility (“Revolver”) with KeyBank National Association (“KeyBank”) (serving as revolving lender, a letter of credit issuer and an administrative agent). In October 2015, we expanded our Revolver to $85.0 million and entered into a term loan facility (“Term Loan”) whereby we added a $25.0 million, five-year Term Loan subject to the same leverage tiers as the Revolver, with the interest rate at each leverage tier being five basis points lower than that of the Revolver. We have the option to repay the Term Loan in full, or in part, at any time without penalty or premium prior to the maturity date. We refer to the Revolver and Term Loan collectively herein as the Credit Facility.

On October 27, 2017, we amended the Credit Facility, increasing the Term Loan from $25.0 million, to $75.0 million, with the Revolver commitment remaining at $85.0 million. The Term Loan maturity date was extended to October 27, 2022, and the Revolver maturity date was extended to October 27, 2021. In connection with the amendment, the interest rate for the Credit Facility was reduced by 25 basis points at each of the leverage tiers. At the time of the amendment, we entered into multiple interest rate cap agreements on the amended Term Loan, which cap LIBOR at 2.75% to hedge our exposure to variable interest rates.


21


On July 2, 2019, we amended, extended and upsized our Credit Facility, increasing the Term Loan from $75.0 million to $160.0 million, inclusive of a delayed draw component whereby we can incrementally borrow on the Term Loan up to the $160.0 million commitment, and increasing the Revolver from $85.0 million to $100.0 million. The Term Loan has a new five-year term, with a maturity date of July 2, 2024, and the Revolver has a new four-year term, with a maturity date of July 2, 2023. The interest rate for the Credit Facility was reduced by 10 basis points at each of the leverage tiers. We entered into multiple interest rate cap agreements on the amended Term Loan, which cap LIBOR ranging from 2.50% to 2.75%, to hedge our exposure to variable interest rates. We used the net proceeds derived from the amended Credit Facility to repay all previously existing borrowings under the Revolver. We incurred fees of approximately $1.3 million in connection with the Credit Facility amendment. The bank syndicate is now comprised of KeyBank, Fifth Third Bank, U.S. Bank National Association, The Huntington National Bank, Goldman Sachs Bank USA, and Wells Fargo Bank, National Association.

As of September 30, 2019, there was $158.1 million outstanding under our Credit Facility, at a weighted average interest rate of approximately 3.63%, and $8.3 million outstanding under letters of credit, at a weighted average interest rate of 1.65%. As of September 30, 2019, the maximum additional amount we could draw under the Credit Facility was $25.8 million. We were in compliance with all covenants under the Credit Facility as of September 30, 2019.

The amount outstanding under the Credit Facility approximates fair value as of September 30, 2019.

7. Commitments and Contingencies

Ground Leases

We are obligated as lessee under four ground leases. Future lease payments due under the terms of these leases as of September 30, 2019 are as follows (dollars in thousands):

Year Future Lease Payments Due Under Operating Leases
Three Months Ending December 31, 2019 $117
2020 466
2021 477
2022 489
2023 492
2024 493
Thereafter 7,799
Total anticipated lease payments $10,333
Less: amount representing interest (4,447)
Present value of lease payments $5,886

Rental expense incurred for properties with ground lease obligations during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 was $0.1 million and $0.4 million, respectively, and during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 was $0.1 million and $0.4 million, respectively. Our ground leases are treated as operating leases and rental expenses are reflected in property operating expenses on the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income.

22



Future minimum rental payments due under the terms of these leases as of December 31, 2018, are as follows (dollars in thousands):

For the year ended December 31, Minimum Rental Payments Due
2019 $465
2020 466
2021 392
2022 319
2023 322
Thereafter 3,914
Total $5,878

Letters of Credit

As of September 30, 2019, there was $8.3 million outstanding under letters of credit. These letters of credit are not reflected on our condensed consolidated balance sheets.

8. Equity and Mezzanine Equity

Stockholders’ Equity

The following table summarizes the changes in our equity for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 (in thousands):
 

23


 Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
Series A and B Preferred Stock2019201820192018
Balance, beginning of period$2
$2
$2
$2
Issuance of Series A and B preferred stock, net



Balance, end of period$2
$2
$2
$2
Senior Common Stock    
Balance, beginning of period$1
$1
$1
$1
Issuance of senior common stock, net



Balance, end of period$1
$1
$1
$1
Common Stock    
Balance, beginning of period$31
$29
$29
$28
Issuance of common stock, net

2
1
Balance, end of period$31
$29
$31
$29
Additional Paid in Capital    
Balance, beginning of period$592,706
$538,276
$559,977
$534,790
Issuance of Series A and B preferred stock and common stock, net7,362
6,619
40,608
10,139
Retirement of senior common stock, net


(34)
Adjustment to OP Units held by Non-controlling OP Unitholders resulting from changes in ownership of the Operating Partnership(112)
(629)
Balance, end of period$599,956
$544,895
$599,956
$544,895
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income    
Balance, beginning of period$(1,859)$818
$(148)$35
Comprehensive income(624)245
(2,335)1,028
Balance, end of period$(2,483)$1,063
$(2,483)$1,063
Distributions in Excess of Accumulated Earnings    
Balance, beginning of period$(331,461)$(287,910)$(310,117)$(268,058)
Distributions declared to common, senior common, and preferred stockholders(14,482)(13,633)(42,674)(40,615)
Net income2,207
2,677
9,055
9,807
Balance, end of period$(343,736)$(298,866)$(343,736)$(298,866)
Total Stockholders' Equity    
Balance, beginning of period$259,420
$251,216
$249,744
$266,798
Issuance of Series A and B preferred stock and common stock, net7,362
6,619
40,610
10,140
Retirement of senior common stock, net


(34)
Distributions declared to common, senior common, and preferred stockholders(14,482)(13,633)(42,674)(40,615)
Comprehensive income(624)245
(2,335)1,028
Adjustment to OP Units held by Non-controlling OP Unitholders resulting from changes in ownership of the Operating Partnership(112)
(629)
Net income2,207
2,677
9,055
9,807
Balance, end of period$253,771
$247,124
$253,771
$247,124
Non-Controlling Interest    
Balance, beginning of period$4,665
$
$4,675
$
Distributions declared to Non-controlling OP Unit holders(279)
(835)
Adjustment to OP Units held by Non-controlling OP Unitholders resulting from changes in ownership of the Operating Partnership112

629

Net income(16)
13

Balance, end of period$4,482
$
$4,482
$
Total Equity$258,253
$247,124
$258,253
$247,124


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Distributions

We paid the following distributions per share for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018:
 
  For the three months ended September 30, For the nine months ended September 30,
  2019 2018 2019 2018
Common Stock and Non-controlling OP Units $0.375
 $0.375
 $1.125
 $1.125
Senior Common Stock 0.2625
 0.2625
 0.7875
 0.7875
Series A Preferred Stock 0.4843749
 0.4843749
 1.4531247
 1.4531247
Series B Preferred Stock 0.46875
 0.46875
 1.4063
 1.4063
Series D Preferred Stock 0.4374999
 0.4374999
 1.3124997
 1.3124997

Recent Activity

Common Stock ATM Program

During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, we sold 2.0 million shares of common stock, raising $40.7 million in net proceeds under our open market sales agreement with Cantor Fitzgerald (the “Common Stock ATM Program”). As of September 30, 2019, we had remaining capacity to sell up to $28.7 million of common stock under the Common Stock ATM Program.

Series A and B Preferred Stock ATM Programs

Under another open market sales agreement with Cantor Fitzgerald (the “Series A and B Preferred ATM Program”), we would, from time to time, offer to sell (i) shares of our 7.75% Series A Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock (“Series A Preferred”), and (ii) shares of our 7.50% Series B Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock (“Series B Preferred”), having an aggregate offering price of up to $40.0 million, through Cantor Fitzgerald, acting as sales agent and/or principal. We did not sell any shares of our Series A Preferred or Series B Preferred under our Series A and B Preferred ATM Program during the nine months ended September 30, 2019. As of September 30, 2019, we had remaining capacity to sell up to $37.2 million of preferred stock under the Series A and B Preferred ATM Program.

On October 28, 2019, we terminated the Series A and B Preferred ATM Program with Cantor Fitzgerald, as the Series A Preferred and Series B Preferred were fully redeemed on this date.

Mezzanine Equity

Our 7.00% Series D Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock (“Series D Preferred”) is classified as mezzanine equity on our condensed consolidated balance sheets because it is redeemable at the option of the shareholder upon a change of control of greater than 50% in accordance with ASC 480-10-S99 “Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity,” which requires mezzanine equity classification for preferred stock issuances with redemption features which are outside of the control of the issuer. A change in control of our company, outside of our control, is only possible if a tender offer is accepted by over 90% of our shareholders. All other change in control situations would require input from our Board of Directors. We will periodically evaluate the likelihood that a change of control greater than 50% will take place, and if we deem this probable, we would adjust the Series D Preferred presented in mezzanine equity to their redemption value, with the offset to gain (loss) on extinguishment. We currently believe the likelihood of a change of control greater than 50% is remote.

Under a third open market sales agreement with Cantor Fitzgerald (the “Series D Preferred ATM Program”), we may, from time to time, offer to sell shares of our Series D Preferred, having an aggregate offering price of up to $50.0 million, through Cantor Fitzgerald, acting as sales agent and/or principal. We did not sell any shares of our Series D Preferred under our Series D Preferred ATM Program during the nine months ended September 30, 2019. As of September 30, 2019, we had remaining capacity to sell up to $18.6 million of Series D Preferred under the Series D Preferred ATM Program.


25


Amendment to Articles of Incorporation

On April 11, 2018, we filed with the Maryland State Department of Assessments and Taxation an Articles Supplementary reclassifying 3,500,000 authorized but unissued shares of our Senior Common Stock, as authorized but unissued shares of our common stock. As a result of the reclassification, there were 57,969 authorized but unissued shares of Senior Common Stock.

On April 11, 2018, we also filed with the Maryland State Department of Assessments and Taxation an Articles of Amendment to increase the number of shares of capital stock we have authority to issue to 100,000,000 and authorized common stock to 87,700,000 shares.

On September 27, 2019, the Company filed with the Maryland State Department of Assessments and Taxation the Articles Supplementary (i) setting forth the rights, preferences and terms of its newly designated 6.625% Series E Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock, par value $0.001 per share, with a liquidation preference of $25.00 per share (the “Series E Preferred Stock”) and (ii) reclassifying and designating 4,000,000 shares of the Company’s authorized and unissued shares of Common Stock as shares of Series E Preferred Stock. The reclassification decreased the number of shares classified as Common Stock from 87,700,000 shares immediately prior to the reclassification to 83,700,000 shares immediately after the reclassification. 

Universal Shelf Registration Statement

On January 11, 2019, we filed a universal registration statement on Form S-3, File No. 333-229209, and an amendment thereto on Form-S-3/A on January 24, 2019 (collectively referred to as the “Universal Shelf”). The Universal Shelf became effective on February 13, 2019 and replaces our prior universal shelf registration statement. The Universal Shelf allows us to issue up to $500.0 million of securities. As of September 30, 2019, we had the ability to issue up to $462.3 million under the Universal Shelf.

9. Subsequent Events

Debt Activity

On October 2, 2019, we fully repaid one mortgage with an outstanding balance of $6.3 million collateralized by one property. This mortgage had a fixed rate of 6.0%.

Equity Activity

On October 4, 2019, we completed an underwritten public offering of 2,760,000 shares of our Series E Preferred Stock at a public offering price of $25.00 per share, raising $69.0 million in gross proceeds and approximately $66.6 million in net proceeds, after payment of underwriting discounts and commissions. We used the net proceeds from this offering to redeem all outstanding shares of our Series A Preferred and Series B Preferred, and pay down our Credit Facility.

On October 28, 2019, we voluntarily redeemed all 1,000,000 outstanding shares of our Series A Preferred Stock and all 1,264,000 outstanding shares of our Series B Preferred Stock at a redemption price of $25.1506944 per share and $25.1458333 per share, respectively, which represents the liquidation preference per share, plus accrued and unpaid dividends through October 28, 2019 for an aggregate redemption price of approximately $56.9 million.

Distributions

On October 8, 2019, our Board of Directors declared the following monthly distributions for the months of October, November and December of 2019:

 
Record Date Payment Date Common Stock and Non-controlling OP Unit Distributions per Share Series D Preferred Distributions per Share Series E Preferred Distributions per Share 
October 22, 2019 October 31, 2019 $0.125
 $0.1458333
 $0.128819
(1)
November 19, 2019 November 29, 2019 0.125
 0.1458333
 0.138021
 
December 19, 2019 December 31, 2019 0.125
 0.1458333
 0.138021
 

   $0.375
 $0.4374999
 $0.404861
 

(1)Represents a prorated monthly distribution, based upon the issuance date of October 4, 2019.

26



Senior Common Stock Distributions
Payable to the Holders of Record During the Month of: Payment Date Distribution per Share
October November 7, 2019 $0.0875
November December 6, 2019 0.0875
December January 7, 2020 0.0875

   $0.2625

ATM Equity Activity

On October 28, 2019, we terminated the Series A and B Preferred ATM Program with Cantor Fitzgerald, as the Series A Preferred and Series B Preferred were fully redeemed on this date.


27


Item 2.Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

All statements contained herein, other than historical facts, may constitute “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). These statements may relate to, among other things, future events or our future performance or financial condition. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terminology such as “may,” “might,” “believe,” “will,” “provided,” “anticipate,” “future,” “could,” “growth,” “plan,” “intend,” “expect,” “should,” “would,” “if,” “seek,” “possible,” “potential,” “likely” or the negative of such terms or comparable terminology. These forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause our business, financial condition, liquidity, results of operations, funds from operations or prospects to be materially different from any future business, financial condition, liquidity, results of operations, funds from operations or prospects expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. For further information about these and other factors that could affect our future results, please see the captions titled “Forward-Looking Statements” and “Risk Factors” in this report and in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018. We caution readers not to place undue reliance on any such forward-looking statements, which are made pursuant to the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and, as such, speak only as of the date made. We undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, after the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

All references to “we,” “our,” “us” and the “Company” in this Report mean Gladstone Commercial Corporation and its consolidated subsidiaries, except where otherwise noted or where the context indicates that the term means only Gladstone Commercial Corporation.

General

We are an externally-advised real estate investment trust (“REIT”) that was incorporated under the General Corporation Law of the State of Maryland on February 14, 2003. We focus on acquiring, owning, and managing primarily office and industrial properties. On a selective basis, we may make long term industrial and office mortgage loans; however, we do not have any mortgage loans currently outstanding. Our properties are geographically diversified and our tenants cover a broad cross section of business sectors and range in size from small to very large private and public companies. We actively communicate with buyout funds, real estate brokers and other third parties to locate properties for potential acquisition or to provide mortgage financing in an effort to build our portfolio. We target secondary growth markets that possess favorable economic growth trends, diversified industries, and growing population and employment.

We have historically entered into, and intend in the future to enter into, purchase agreements primarily for real estate having net leases with remaining terms of approximately 7 to 15 years and built in rental rate increases. Under a net lease, the tenant is required to pay most or all operating, maintenance, repair and insurance costs and real estate taxes with respect to the leased property.

All references to annualized generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) rent are rents that each tenant pays in accordance with the terms of its respective lease reported evenly over the non-cancelable term of the lease.

As of October 30, 2019:
 
we owned 109 properties totaling 13.1 million square feet in 24 states;
our occupancy rate was 98.8%;
the weighted average remaining term of our mortgage debt was 5.8 years and the weighted average interest rate was 4.53%; and
the average remaining lease term of the portfolio was 7.1 years.


28


Business Environment

In the United States, vacancy rates have decreased for both office and industrial properties in most markets, as increased user demand has led to improved conditions. Vacancy rates in many markets have been reduced to levels last seen at the peak before the most recent U.S. recession and rental rates have increased in most primary and secondary markets. Reports from national research firms reflect that the industrial supply and demand relationship still appears to be in equilibrium, but that office supply and demand in select markets may be moving towards a slight increase in vacancy. Interest rates have been volatile and although interest rates are still low by historical standards, lenders have varied on their required spreads over the last several quarters; however they appear to have somewhat stabilized with recent Federal Reserve announcements. The 2018 fourth quarter and the 2019 first and second quarter statistics reflect that single property listings and investment sales volume are lower by as much as 10% compared to the prior year’s same periods. Preliminary research data suggests that the third quarter investment volume may be less than that of the same quarter for 2018 as well. Entering the 11th year of the current cycle, some national research firms are estimating that both pricing and investment sales volume may have peaked, with the possible exception of industrial product.   

From a more macro-economic perspective, the strength of the global economy and U.S. economy continue to be uncertain. The long-term impact of the recent passage of tax reform in the United States continues to be unknown at this time, although the lowering of the corporate tax rate is generally expected to be beneficial. Finally, the continuing uncertainty surrounding the ability of the federal government to address its fiscal condition in both the near and long term as well as other geo-political issues has increased domestic and global instability. These developments could cause interest rates and borrowing costs to rise, which may adversely affect our ability to access both the equity and debt markets and could have an adverse effect on our tenants as well.

All of our variable rate debt is based upon the one month LIBOR rate, and LIBOR is currently anticipated to be phased out during late 2021. LIBOR is expected to transition to a new standard rate, the Secured Overnight Financing Rate (“SOFR”), which will incorporate repo data collected from multiple data sets. The intent is to adjust the SOFR to minimize differences between the interest that a borrower would be paying using LIBOR versus what it will be paying using SOFR. We are currently monitoring the transition, as we cannot assess whether SOFR will become a standard rate for variable rate debt. Assuming that SOFR replaces LIBOR and is appropriately adjusted to equate to one month LIBOR, we believe that there should be minimal impact on our variable rate debt.

We continue to focus on re-leasing vacant space, renewing upcoming lease expirations, re-financing upcoming loan maturities, and acquiring additional properties with associated long-term leases. Currently, we only have one partially vacant building and one fully vacant building.

We have three leases expiring during the remainder of 2019, which account for 2.5% of lease revenue recognized during the nine months ended September 30, 2019, eight leases expiring in 2020, which account for 8.0% of lease revenue recognized during the nine months ended September 30, 2019, and 12 leases expiring in 2021, which account for 8.0% of lease revenue recognized during the nine months ended September 30, 2019.

Our available vacant space at September 30, 2019 represents 1.2% of our total square footage and the annual carrying costs on the vacant space, including real estate taxes and property operating expenses, are approximately $0.5 million. We continue to actively seek new tenants for these properties.

Our ability to make new investments is highly dependent upon our ability to procure financing. Our principal sources of financing generally include the issuance of equity securities, long-term mortgage loans secured by properties, borrowings under our $100.0 million senior unsecured revolving credit facility (“Revolver”), with KeyBank National Association (serving as a revolving lender, a letter of credit issuer and an administrative agent), which matures in July 2023, and our $160.0 million term loan facility (“Term Loan”), which matures in July 2024. We refer to the Revolver and Term Loan collectively herein as the Credit Facility. While lenders’ credit standards have tightened, we continue to look to national and regional banks, insurance companies and non-bank lenders, in addition to the collateralized mortgage backed securities market, (the “CMBS market”), to issue mortgages to finance our real estate activities.

In addition to obtaining funds through borrowing, we have been active in the equity markets during and subsequent to the nine months ended September 30, 2019. We have issued shares of common stock through our open market sale agreements with Cantor Fitzgerald, discussed in more detail below.


29


Recent Developments

2019 Sale Activity

During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, we continued to execute our capital recycling program, whereby we sell non-core properties and redeploy proceeds to fund property acquisitions located in our target secondary growth markets, as well as repay outstanding debt. We will continue to execute our capital recycling plan and sell non-core properties as reasonable disposition opportunities become available. On January 31, 2019, we sold one non-core property located in Maitland, Florida, which is detailed in the table below (dollars in thousands):

Square Footage Sold Sales Price Sales Costs Gain on Sale of Real Estate, net
50,000
 $6,850
 $532
 $2,952

2019 Acquisition Activity

During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, we acquired nine properties, one property located in a suburb of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, one property in Indianapolis, Indiana, two properties in Ocala, Florida, one property in Columbus, Ohio, one property in Tifton, Georgia, one property in Denton, Texas and two properties in Temple, Texas, which are summarized in the table below (dollars in thousands):
Aggregate Square Footage Weighted Average Lease Term Aggregate Purchase Price Acquisition Costs Aggregate Annualized GAAP Rent Aggregate Mortgage Debt Issued or Assumed
1,463,763
 14.8 years $67,272

$621
(1)$5,437
 $8,900

(1)We accounted for these transactions under ASU 2017-01. As a result, we treated these acquisitions as asset acquisitions rather than business combinations. As a result of this treatment, we capitalized $0.6 million of acquisition costs that would otherwise have been expensed under business combination treatment.

2019 Leasing Activity

During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, we executed five leases, which are summarized below (dollars in thousands):
 
Nine Months Ended Aggregate Square Footage Weighted Average Remaining Lease Term Aggregate Annualized GAAP Rent Aggregate Tenant Improvement Aggregate Leasing Commissions
September 30, 2019 230,264
 8.8 years $3,366
 785
 $910

2019 Financing Activity

During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, we partially repaid one mortgage collateralized by three properties, releasing one of the collateralized properties that we sold on January 31, 2019, and we fully repaid three mortgages fully collateralized by seven properties, all of which are summarized below (dollars in thousands):

Aggregate Variable Rate Debt Repaid Weighted Average Interest Rate on Variable Rate Debt Repaid Aggregate Fixed Rate Debt Repaid Weighted Average Interest Rate on Fixed Rate Debt Repaid
$13,600
 LIBOR +2.47% $25,042
 4.18%

On October 2, 2019, we fully repaid one mortgage with an outstanding balance of $6.3 million collateralized by one property. This mortgage had a fixed rate of 6.0%.

During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, we issued three mortgages, collateralized by three properties, which are summarized below (dollars in thousands):

30


Aggregate Fixed Rate Debt Issued Weighted Average Interest Rate on Fixed Rate Debt
$41,140
(1)3.95%

(1)We issued $10.6 million of fixed rate debt in connection with one property acquired on December 27, 2018, with a maturity date of February 8, 2029. The interest rate is fixed at 4.70% for the first seven years of the mortgage. After the fixed interest rate period expires, we have the option to adjust the interest rate to a fixed interest rate equal to 1.8%, plus the three-year treasury rate per annum, or a variable interest rate equal to 1.8%, plus the 30 day LIBOR rate per annum. On May 31, 2019, we issued $21.6 million of floating rate debt swapped to fixed rate debt of 3.42% in connection with refinancing mortgage debt on one property with a new maturity date of June 1, 2024. We issued $8.9 million of fixed rate debt in connection with our June 18, 2019 property acquisition with a maturity date of June 18, 2024 and a rate of 4.35%.

During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, we extended the maturity date of two mortgages, collateralized by four properties, which are summarized below (dollars in thousands):

Aggregate Variable Rate Debt Extended Weighted Average Interest Rate on Variable Rate Debt Extended Weighted Average Extension Term
$12,561
 LIBOR +2.51% 2.4 years

On July 2, 2019, we amended, extended and upsized our Credit Facility, increasing the Term Loan from $75.0 million to $160.0 million, inclusive of a delayed Term Loan draw component whereby we can incrementally borrow on the Term Loan up to the $160.0 million commitment, and increasing the Revolver from $85.0 million to $100.0 million. The Term Loan has a new five-year term, with a maturity date of July 2, 2024, and the Revolver has a new four-year term, with a maturity date of July 2, 2023. The interest rate for the Credit Facility was reduced by 10 basis points at each of the leverage tiers. We entered into multiple interest rate cap agreements on the amended Term Loan, which cap LIBOR ranging from 2.50% to 2.75%, to hedge our exposure to variable interest rates. We used the net proceeds derived from the amended Credit Facility to repay all previously existing borrowings under the Revolver. We incurred fees of approximately $1.3 million in connection with the Credit Facility amendment. The bank syndicate is now comprised of KeyBank, Fifth Third Bank, U.S. Bank National Association, The Huntington National Bank, Goldman Sachs Bank USA, and Wells Fargo Bank, National Association (“Wells Fargo Bank”).

2019 Equity Activities

Series E Preferred Stock

On October 4, 2019, we completed an underwritten public offering of 2,760,000 shares of our newly designated 6.625% Series E Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock, par value $0.001 per share, with a liquidation preference of $25.00 per share (the “Series E Preferred Stock”) at a public offering price of $25.00 per share, raising $69.0 million in gross proceeds and approximately $66.6 million in net proceeds, after payment of underwriting discounts and commissions. We used the net proceeds from this offering to redeem all outstanding shares of our Series A Preferred and Series B Preferred, and pay down our Credit Facility.

Series A and B Preferred Stock Redemption

On October 28, 2019, we voluntarily redeemed all 1,000,000 outstanding shares of our Series A Preferred Stock and all 1,264,000 outstanding shares of our Series B Preferred Stock at a redemption price of $25.1506944 per share and $25.1458333 per share, respectively, which represents the liquidation preference per share, plus accrued and unpaid dividends through October 28, 2019 for an aggregate redemption price of approximately $56.9 million.

Common Stock ATM Program

During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, we sold 2.0 million shares of common stock, raising $40.7 million in net proceeds under our open market sales agreement with Cantor Fitzgerald (the “Common Stock ATM Program”). As of September 30, 2019, we had remaining capacity to sell up to $28.7 million of common stock under the Common Stock ATM Program.


31


Preferred ATM Programs

Series A and B Preferred Stock: Under another open market sales agreement (the “Series A and B Preferred ATM Program”), with Cantor Fitzgerald, we would, from time to time, offer to sell (i) shares of our 7.75% Series A Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock (“Series A Preferred”), and (ii) shares of our 7.50% Series B Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock (“Series B Preferred”), having an aggregate offering price of up to $40.0 million, through Cantor Fitzgerald, acting as sales agent and/or principal. We did not sell any shares of our Series A Preferred or Series B Preferred under our Series A and B Preferred ATM Program during the nine months ended September 30, 2019. As of September 30, 2019, we had remaining capacity to sell up to $37.2 million of preferred stock under the Series A and B Preferred ATM Program.

On October 28, 2019, we terminated the Series A and B Preferred ATM Program with Cantor Fitzgerald, as the Series A Preferred and Series B Preferred were fully redeemed on this date.

Series D Preferred Stock: Under a third open market sales agreement (the “Series D Preferred ATM Program”) with Cantor Fitzgerald, we may, from time to time, offer to sell shares of our 7.00% Series D Cumulative Redeemable Preferred (“Series D Preferred”) having an aggregate offering price of up to $50.0 million, through Cantor Fitzgerald, acting as sales agent and/or principal. We did not sell any shares of our Series D Preferred under our Series D Preferred ATM Program during the nine months ended September 30, 2019. As of September 30, 2019, we had remaining capacity to sell up to $18.6 million of Series D Preferred under the Series D Preferred ATM Program.

Amendment to Articles of Incorporation

On April 11, 2018, we filed with the Maryland State Department of Assessments and Taxation an Articles Supplementary reclassifying 3,500,000 authorized but unissued shares of our convertible senior common stock (the “Senior Common Stock”), as authorized but unissued shares of our common stock. As a result of the reclassification, there were 57,969 authorized but unissued shares of Senior Common Stock.

On April 11, 2018, we also filed with the Maryland State Department of Assessments and Taxation an Articles of Amendment to increase the number of shares of capital stock we have authority to issue to 100,000,000 and authorized common stock to 87,700,000 shares.

On September 27, 2019, the Company filed with the Maryland State Department of Assessments and Taxation the Articles Supplementary (i) setting forth the rights, preferences and terms of its newly designated 6.625% Series E Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock, par value $0.001 per share, with a liquidation preference of $25.00 per share (the “Series E Preferred Stock”) and (ii) reclassifying and designating 4,000,000 shares of the Company’s authorized and unissued shares of Common Stock as shares of Series E Preferred Stock. The reclassification decreased the number of shares classified as Common Stock from 87,700,000 shares immediately prior to the reclassification to 83,700,000 shares immediately after the reclassification. 

Universal Shelf Registration Statement

On January 11, 2019, we filed a universal registration statement on Form S-3, File No. 333-229209, and an amendment thereto on Form-S-3/A on January 24, 2019 (collectively referred to as the “Universal Shelf”). The Universal Shelf became effective on February 13, 2019 and replaces our prior universal shelf registration statement. The Universal Shelf allows us to issue up to $500.0 million of securities. As of September 30, 2019, we had the ability to issue up to $462.3 million under the Universal Shelf.


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Diversity of Our Portfolio

Gladstone Management Corporation, a Delaware corporation (our “Adviser”) seeks to diversify our portfolio to avoid dependence on any one particular tenant, industry or geographic market. By diversifying our portfolio, our Adviser intends to reduce the adverse effect on our portfolio of a single under-performing investment or a downturn in any particular industry or geographic market. For the nine months ended September 30, 2019, our largest tenant comprised only 4.3% of total lease revenue. The table below reflects the breakdown of our total lease revenue by tenant industry classification for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 (dollars in thousands):
 
  For the three months ended September 30, For the nine months ended September 30,
  2019 2018 2019 2018
Industry Classification Lease Revenue Percentage of Lease Revenue Lease Revenue Percentage of Lease Revenue Lease Revenue Percentage of Lease Revenue Lease Revenue Percentage of Lease Revenue
Telecommunications $4,756
 16.6% $4,085
 15.4% $14,331
 17.0% $12,208
 15.4%
Automobile 3,778
 13.2
 3,182
 12.0
 11,332
 13.3
 9,289
 11.7
Diversified/Conglomerate Services 4,053
 14.1
 3,652
 13.8
 11,321
 13.3
 10,862
 13.7
Healthcare 3,329
 11.6
 3,220
 12.1
 9,880
 11.6
 9,735
 12.2
Banking 2,002
 7.0
 2,106
 7.9
 5,991
 7.0
 6,252
 7.9
Information Technology 1,534
 5.4
 1,515
 5.7
 4,603
 5.4
 4,563
 5.7
Personal, Food & Miscellaneous Services 1,498
 5.2
 1,497
 5.6
 4,497
 5.3
 4,492
 5.6
Diversified/Conglomerate Manufacturing 1,265
 4.4
 1,263
 4.8
 3,799
 4.5
 3,795
 4.8
Electronics 1,140
 4.0
 1,067
 4.0
 3,409
 4.0
 3,202
 4.0
Buildings and Real Estate 832
 2.9
 1,074
 4.0
 3,059
 3.6
 3,267
 4.1
Chemicals, Plastics & Rubber 774
 2.7
 743
 2.8
 2,320
 2.7
 2,201
 2.8
Beverage, Food & Tobacco 790
 2.8
 352
 1.3
 1,936
 2.3
 1,150
 1.4
Personal & Non-Durable Consumer Products 605
 2.1
 672
 2.5
 1,815
 2.1
 2,016
 2.5
Machinery 664
 2.3
 566
 2.1
 1,795
 2.1
 1,713
 2.2
Childcare 557
 1.9
 557
 2.1
 1,670
 2.0
 1,670
 2.1
Containers, Packaging & Glass 503
 1.8
 456
 1.7
 1,472
 1.7
 1,368
 1.7
Printing & Publishing 301
 1.0
 287
 1.1
 902
 1.1
 863
 1.1
Education 165
 0.6
 165
 0.6
 495
 0.6
 495
 0.6
Home & Office Furnishings 121
 0.4
 132
 0.5
 374
 0.4
 397
 0.5
Total $28,667
 100.0% $26,591
 100.0% $85,001
 100.0% $79,538
 100.0%


33


The tables below reflect the breakdown of total lease revenue by state for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 (dollars in thousands):

State Lease Revenue for the three months ended September 30, 2019 Percentage of Lease Revenue Number of Leases for the three months ended September 30, 2019 Lease Revenue for the three months ended September 30, 2018 Percentage of Lease Revenue Number of Leases for the three months ended September 30, 2018
Texas $4,092
 14.3% 14
 $3,969
 14.9% 12
Florida 3,898
 13.6
 11
 3,090
 11.6
 10
Pennsylvania 3,393
 11.8
 9
 3,336
 12.6
 9
Ohio 2,836
 9.9
 17
 2,459
 9.2
 16
Utah 1,744
 6.1
 4
 1,743
 6.6
 3
Georgia 1,596
 5.6
 7
 1,210
 4.6
 6
Michigan 1,507
 5.3
 6
 1,084
 4.1
 4
North Carolina 1,265
 4.4
 7
 1,553
 5.8
 8
South Carolina 1,160
 4.0
 2
 1,156
 4.3
 2
Minnesota 932
 3.3
 6
 947
 3.6
 6
All Other States 6,244
 21.7
 32
 6,044
 22.7
 32
Total $28,667
 100.0% 115
 $26,591
 100.0% 108

State
Lease Revenue for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 Percentage of Lease Revenue Number of Leases for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 Lease Revenue for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 Percentage of Lease Revenue Number of Leases for the nine months ended September 30, 2018
Texas $12,037
 14.2% 14
 $11,885
 14.9% 12
Florida 11,440
 13.5
 11
 9,168
 11.5
 10
Pennsylvania 10,154
 11.9
 9
 10,056
 12.6
 9
Ohio 8,280
 9.7
 17
 7,335
 9.2
 16
Utah 5,193
 6.1
 4
 5,192
 6.5
 3
Michigan 4,517
 5.3
 6
 3,251
 4.1
 4
North Carolina 4,385
 5.2
 7
 4,647
 5.8
 8
Georgia 4,073
 4.8
 7
 3,632
 4.6
 6
South Carolina 3,478
 4.1
 2
 3,469
 4.4
 2
Minnesota 2,814
 3.3
 6
 2,839
 3.6
 6
All Other States 18,630
 21.9
 32
 18,064
 22.8
 32
 
$85,001
 100.0% 115
 $79,538
 100.0% 108

Our Adviser and Administrator

Our Adviser is led by a management team with extensive experience purchasing real estate and originating mortgage loans. Our Adviser and Gladstone Administration, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (our “Administrator”) are controlled by Mr. David Gladstone, who is also our chairman and chief executive officer. Mr. Gladstone also serves as the chairman and chief executive officer of both our Adviser and Administrator. Mr. Terry Lee Brubaker, our vice chairman and chief operating officer, is also the vice chairman and chief operating officer of our Adviser and Administrator. Mr. Robert Cutlip, our president, is also an executive managing director of our Adviser. Our Administrator employs our chief financial officer, treasurer, chief compliance officer, general counsel and secretary (who also serves as our Administrator’s president, general counsel, and secretary) and their respective staffs.


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Our Adviser and Administrator also provide investment advisory and administrative services, respectively, to certain of our affiliates, including, but not limited to, Gladstone Capital Corporation and Gladstone Investment Corporation, both publicly-traded business development companies, as well as Gladstone Land Corporation, a publicly-traded REIT that primarily invests in farmland. With the exception of Mr. Michael Sodo, our chief financial officer, Mr. Jay Beckhorn, our treasurer, and Mr. Robert Cutlip, our president, all of our executive officers and all of our directors serve as either directors or executive officers, or both, of Gladstone Capital Corporation and Gladstone Investment Corporation. In addition, with the exception of Mr. Cutlip, and Mr. Sodo, all of our executive officers and all of our directors, serve as either directors or executive officers, or both, of Gladstone Land Corporation. Mr. Cutlip and Mr. Sodo do not put forth any material efforts in assisting affiliated companies. In the future, our Adviser may provide investment advisory services to other companies, both public and private.

Advisory and Administration Agreements

We are externally managed pursuant to contractual arrangements with our Adviser and our Administrator, which collectively employ all of our personnel and pay their salaries, benefits and other general expenses directly. Both our Adviser and Administrator are affiliates of ours, as their parent company is owned and controlled by Mr. David Gladstone, our chairman and chief executive officer. Two of our executive officers, Mr. Gladstone and Mr. Terry Brubaker (our vice chairman and chief operating officer) serve as directors and executive officers of our Adviser and our Administrator. Mr. Michael LiCalsi, our general counsel and secretary, serves as our Administrator’s president, general counsel and secretary. We have entered into an advisory agreement with our Adviser, as amended from time to time (the “Advisory Agreement”), and an administration agreement with our Administrator (the “Administration Agreement”). The services and fees under the Advisory Agreement and Administration Agreement are described below.

Under the terms of the Advisory Agreement, we are responsible for all expenses incurred for our direct benefit. Examples of these expenses include legal, accounting, interest, directors’ and officers’ insurance, stock transfer services, stockholder-related fees, consulting and related fees. In addition, we are also responsible for all fees charged by third parties that are directly related to our business, which include real estate brokerage fees, mortgage placement fees, lease-up fees and transaction structuring fees (although we may be able to pass all or some of such fees on to our tenants and borrowers). Our entrance into the Advisory Agreement and each amendment thereto has been approved unanimously by our Board of Directors. Our Board of Directors reviews and considers renewing the agreement with our Adviser each July. During its July 2019 meeting, our Board of Directors reviewed and renewed the Advisory Agreement for an additional year, through August 31, 2020.

Base Management Fee

On January 8, 2019, we entered into a Fifth Amended and Restated Investment Advisory Agreement with the Adviser, effective as of October 1, 2018 to clarify that the agreement’s definition of Total Equity includes outstanding OP Units held by the Operating Partnership’s non-controlling limited partners (“Non-controlling OP Unitholders”).

Under the Advisory Agreement, the calculation of the annual base management fee equals 1.5% of our Total Equity, which is our total stockholders’ equity plus total mezzanine equity (before giving effect to the base management fee and incentive fee), adjusted to exclude the effect of any unrealized gains or losses that do not affect realized net income (including impairment charges) and adjusted for any one-time events and certain non-cash items (the later to occur for a given quarter only upon the approval of our Compensation Committee), and adjusted to include OP Units held by Non-controlling OP Unitholders. The fee is calculated and accrued quarterly as 0.375% per quarter of such Total Equity figure. Our Adviser does not charge acquisition or disposition fees when we acquire or dispose of properties as is common in other externally managed REITs; however, our Adviser may earn fee income from our borrowers, tenants or other sources.

Incentive Fee

Pursuant to the Advisory Agreement, the calculation of the incentive fee rewards the Adviser in circumstances where our quarterly Core FFO (defined at the end of this paragraph), before giving effect to any incentive fee, or pre-incentive fee Core FFO, exceeds 2.0% quarterly, or 8.0% annualized, of adjusted total stockholders’ equity (after giving effect to the base management fee but before giving effect to the incentive fee). We refer to this as the hurdle rate. The Adviser will receive 15.0% of the amount of our pre-incentive fee Core FFO that exceeds the hurdle rate. However, in no event shall the incentive fee for a particular quarter exceed by 15.0% (the cap) the average quarterly incentive fee paid by us for the previous four quarters (excluding quarters for which no incentive fee was paid). Core FFO (as defined in the Advisory Agreement) is GAAP net income (loss) available to common stockholders, excluding the incentive fee, depreciation and amortization, any realized and unrealized gains, losses or other non-cash items recorded in net income (loss) available to common stockholders for the period, and one-time events pursuant to changes in GAAP.


35


Capital Gain Fee

Under the Advisory Agreement, we will pay to the Adviser a capital gain-based incentive fee that will be calculated and payable in arrears as of the end of each fiscal year (or upon termination of the Advisory Agreement). In determining the capital gain fee, we will calculate aggregate realized capital gains and aggregate realized capital losses for the applicable time period. For this purpose, aggregate realized capital gains and losses, if any, equals the realized gain or loss calculated by the difference between the sales price of the property, less any costs to sell the property and the current gross value of the property (equal to the property’s original acquisition price plus any subsequent non-reimbursed capital improvements) of the disposed property. At the end of the fiscal year, if this number is positive, then the capital gain fee payable for such time period shall equal 15.0% of such amount. No capital gain fee was recognized during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 or 2018.

Termination Fee

The Advisory Agreement includes a termination fee whereby, in the event of our termination of the agreement without cause (with 120 days’ prior written notice and the vote of at least two-thirds of our independent directors), a termination fee would be payable to the Adviser equal to two times the sum of the average annual base management fee and incentive fee earned by the Adviser during the 24-month period prior to such termination. A termination fee is also payable if the Adviser terminates the agreement after the Company has defaulted and applicable cure periods have expired. The agreement may also be terminated for cause by us (with 30 days’ prior written notice and the vote of at least two-thirds of our independent directors), with no termination fee payable. Cause is defined in the agreement to include if the Adviser breaches any material provisions of the agreement, the bankruptcy or insolvency of the Adviser, dissolution of the Adviser and fraud or misappropriation of funds.

Administration Agreement

Under the terms of the Administration Agreement, we pay separately for our allocable portion of our Administrator’s overhead expenses in performing its obligations to us including, but not limited to, rent and our allocable portion of the salaries and benefits expenses of our Administrator’s employees, including, but not limited to, our chief financial officer, treasurer, chief compliance officer, general counsel and secretary (who also serves as our Administrator’s president, general counsel and secretary), and their respective staffs. Our allocable portion of the Administrator’s expenses are generally derived by multiplying our Administrator’s total expenses by the appropriate percentage of time the Administrator’s employees perform services for us in relation to their time spent performing services for all companies serviced by our Administrator under contractual agreements.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

The preparation of our financial statements in accordance with GAAP requires management to make judgments that are subjective in nature to make certain estimates and assumptions. Application of these accounting policies involves the exercise of judgment regarding the use of assumptions as to future uncertainties, and as a result, actual results could materially differ from these estimates. A summary of all of our significant accounting policies is provided in Note 1 to our consolidated financial statements in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018, filed by us with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on February 13, 2019 (our “2018 Form 10-K”). There were no material changes to our critical accounting policies or estimates during the nine months ended September 30, 2019.

Results of Operations

The weighted average yield on our total portfolio, which was 8.6% and 8.7% as of September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively, is calculated by taking the annualized straight-line rents plus operating expense recoveries, reflected as lease revenue on our condensed consolidated statements of operations and other comprehensive income, less property operating expenses, of each acquisition since inception, as a percentage of the acquisition cost plus subsequent capital improvements. The weighted average yield does not account for the interest expense incurred on the mortgages placed on our properties.


36


A comparison of our operating results for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 is below (dollars in thousands, except per share amounts):

  For the three months ended September 30,
  2019 2018 $ Change % Change
Operating revenues        
Lease revenue $28,667
 $26,591
 $2,076
 7.8 %
Total operating revenues 28,667
 26,591
 2,076
 7.8 %
Operating expenses        
Depreciation and amortization 12,979
 11,807
 1,172
 9.9 %
Property operating expenses 3,202
 2,638
 564
 21.4 %
Base management fee 1,292
 1,242
 50
 4.0 %
Incentive fee 965
 785
 180
 22.9 %
Administration fee 411
 440
 (29) (6.6)%
General and administrative 596
 510
 86
 16.9 %
Total operating expenses 19,445
 17,422
 2,023
 11.6 %
Other (expense) income        
Interest expense (7,170) (6,531) (639) 9.8 %
Other income 139
 39
 100
 256.4 %
Total other expense, net (7,031) (6,492) (539) 8.3 %
Net income 2,191
 2,677
 (486) (18.2)%
Distributions attributable to Series A, B and D preferred stock (2,612) (2,612) 
  %
Distributions attributable to senior common stock (226) (235) 9
 (3.8)%
Net loss attributable to common stockholders and Non-controlling OP Unitholders $(647) $(170) $(477) 280.6 %
Net loss attributable to common stockholders and Non-controlling OP Unitholders per weighted average share and unit - basic & diluted $(0.02) $(0.01) $(0.01) 100.0 %
FFO available to common stockholders and Non-controlling OP Unitholders - basic (1) $12,332
 $11,637
 $695
 6.0 %
FFO available to common stockholders and Non-controlling OP Unitholders - diluted (1) $12,558
 $11,872
 $686
 5.8 %
FFO per weighted average share of common stock and Non-controlling OP Units - basic (1) $0.39
 $0.40
 $(0.01) (2.5)%
FFO per weighted average share of common stock and Non-controlling OP Units - diluted (1) $0.39
 $0.40

$(0.01) (2.5)%

(1)Refer to the “Funds from Operations” section below within the Management’s Discussion and Analysis section for the definition of FFO.


37


  For the nine months ended September 30,
  2019 2018 $ Change % Change
Operating revenues        
Lease revenue $85,001
 $79,538
 $5,463
 6.9 %
Total operating revenues 85,001
 79,538
 5,463
 6.9 %
Operating expenses        
Depreciation and amortization 38,611
 35,166
 3,445
 9.8 %
Property operating expenses 9,330
 8,247
 1,083
 13.1 %
Base management fee 3,852
 3,798
 54
 1.4 %
Incentive fee 2,720
 2,215
 505
 22.8 %
Administration fee 1,222
 1,187
 35
 2.9 %
General and administrative 2,035
 1,754
 281
 16.0 %
Total operating expenses 57,770
 52,367
 5,403
 10.3 %
Other (expense) income        
Interest expense (21,406) (19,275) (2,131) 11.1 %
Gain on sale of real estate, net 2,952
 1,844
 1,108
 60.1 %
Other income 291
 67
 224
 334.3 %
Total other expense, net (18,163) (17,364) (799) 4.6 %
Net income 9,068
 9,807
 (739) (7.5)%
Distributions attributable to Series A, B and D preferred stock (7,837) (7,803) (34) 0.4 %
Distributions attributable to senior common stock (675) (700) 25
 (3.6)%
Net income available to common stockholders and Non-controlling OP Unitholders $556
 $1,304
 $(748) (57.4)%
Net income available to common stockholders and Non-controlling OP Unitholders per weighted average share of total stock - basic & diluted 0.02
 0.05
 $(0.03) (60.0)%
FFO available to common stockholders and Non-controlling OP Unitholders - basic (1) $36,215
 $34,626
 $1,589
 4.6 %
FFO available to common stockholders and Non-controlling OP Unitholders - diluted (1) $36,890
 $35,326
 $1,564
 4.4 %
FFO per weighted average share of common stock and Non-controlling OP Unit - basic (1) $1.17
 $1.21
 $(0.04) (3.3)%
FFO per weighted average share of common stock and Non-controlling OP Unit - diluted (1) $1.16
 $1.21
 $(0.05) (4.1)%

(1)Refer to the “Funds from Operations” section below within the Management’s Discussion and Analysis section for the definition of FFO.

Same Store Analysis

For the purposes of the following discussion, same store properties are properties we owned as of January 1, 2018, which have not been subsequently vacated, or disposed of. Acquired and disposed of properties are properties which were acquired, disposed of or classified as held for sale at any point subsequent to December 31, 2017. Properties with vacancy are properties that were fully vacant or had greater than 5.0% vacancy, based on square footage, at any point subsequent to January 1, 2018.


38


Operating Revenues

  For the three months ended September 30,
  (Dollars in Thousands)
Lease Revenues 2019 2018 $ Change % Change
Same Store Properties $25,502
 $25,146
 $356
 1.4 %
Acquired & Disposed Properties 2,614
 621
 1,993
 320.9 %
Properties with Vacancy 551
 824
 (273) (33.1)%
  $28,667
 $26,591
 $2,076
 7.8 %

  For the nine months ended September 30,
  (Dollars in Thousands)
Lease Revenues 2019 2018 $ Change % Change
Same Store Properties $76,090
 $75,247
 $843
 1.1 %
Acquired & Disposed Properties 6,657
 1,696
 4,961
 292.5 %
Properties with Vacancy 2,254
 2,595
 (341) (13.1)%
  $85,001
 $79,538
 $5,463
 6.9 %

Lease revenues consist of rental income and operating expense recoveries earned from our tenants. Lease revenues from same store properties increased for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 from the comparable 2018 period, primarily due to increases in rental charges on leases subject to consumer price indexes and increased operating expense recoveries from leases with base year expense stops at certain of our properties that were running above their base year, coupled with increased operating expense recoveries from amortizing capital improvements paid for by our tenants at certain properties. Lease revenues increased for acquired and disposed of properties for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, as compared to the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, because we acquired 13 properties during and subsequent to September 30, 2018, offset by a loss of lease revenues from two properties we sold subsequent to the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 pursuant to our capital recycling program. Lease revenues decreased for our properties with vacancy for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 due to one property going fully vacant during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, while this property was fully leased during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018.

Operating Expenses 

Depreciation and amortization increased for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, as compared to the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, due to depreciation on capital projects completed subsequent to the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, coupled with depreciation on the 13 properties acquired during and subsequent to the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, partially offset by decreased depreciation on the two properties sold during and subsequent to the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018.
  For the three months ended September 30,
  (Dollars in Thousands)
Property Operating Expenses 2019 2018 $ Change % Change
Same Store Properties $2,677
 $2,340
 $337
 14.4%
Acquired & Disposed Properties 273
 101
 172
 170.3%
Properties with Vacancy 252
 197
 55
 27.9%
  $3,202
 $2,638
 $564
 21.4%


39


  For the nine months ended September 30,
  (Dollars in Thousands)
Property Operating Expenses 2019 2018 $ Change % Change
Same Store Properties $7,801
 $7,029
 $772
 11.0%
Acquired & Disposed Properties 835
 524
 311
 59.4%
Properties with Vacancy 694
 694
 
 %
  $9,330
 $8,247
 $1,083
 13.1%

Property operating expenses consist of franchise taxes, property management fees, insurance, ground lease payments, property maintenance and repair expenses paid on behalf of certain of our properties. The increase in property operating expenses for same store properties for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, as compared to the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, is a result of an increase in our property operating expenses at our base year expense stop leased properties. The increase in property operating expenses for acquired and disposed of properties for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, as compared to the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, is primarily a result of increased property operating expenses from properties acquired subsequent to September 30, 2018, as a portion of these properties are subject to base year leases, partially offset by a reduction of operating expenses from two properties sold during and subsequent to September 30, 2018. The increase in property operating expenses for properties with vacancy for the three months ended September 30, 2019, as compared to the three months ended September 30, 2018, is a result of one of our properties going vacant during the three months ended September 30, 2019 that was fully leased during the three months ended September 30, 2018.

The base management fee paid to the Adviser increased for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, as compared to the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, due to an increase in total equity over the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 as compared to the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018. The calculation of the base management fee is described in detail above in “Advisory and Administration Agreements.”

The incentive fee paid to the Adviser increased for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, as compared to the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, due to pre-incentive fee Core FFO increasing faster than the hurdle rate. The increase in FFO is a result of an increase in total operating revenues, partially offset by an increase in total operating expenses and interest expense. The calculation of the incentive fee is described in detail above in “Advisory and Administration Agreements.”

The administration fee paid to the Administrator decreased for the three months ended September 30, 2019, as compared to the three months ended September 30, 2018, due to our Administrator incurring fewer costs that are allocated to the Company during the three months ended September 30, 2019. The administration fee paid to the Administrator increased for the nine months ended September 30, 2019, as compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2018, due to our Administrator incurring greater costs that are allocated to the Company, coupled with higher overall costs of the Administrator during the nine months ended September 30, 2019. The calculation of the administration fee is described in detail above in “Advisory and Administration Agreements.”

General and administrative expenses increased for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, as compared to the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, primarily as a result of an increase in legal and accounting fees coupled with an increase in shareholder related expenses.

Other Income and Expenses

Interest expense increased for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, as compared to the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018. This increase was primarily a result of our issuing or assuming $52.8 million in mortgage debt during and subsequent to the nine months ended September 30, 2018, coupled with additional borrowings on our Term Loan of $47.3 million partially offset by our repayment of $38.6 million in maturing mortgage debt subsequent to the nine months ended September 30, 2018.

Gain on sale of real estate, net, for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 is attributable to one non-core office asset being sold during the period. Gain on sale of real estate, net, for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 is attributable to two non-core industrial assets being sold during the period.


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Net (Loss) Income (Attributable) Available to Common Stockholders and Non-controlling OP Unitholders

Net loss attributable to common stockholders and Non-controlling OP Unitholders increased for the three months ended September 30, 2019, as compared to the three months ended September 30, 2018, primarily due to the increase in interest expense due to increased mortgage and Term Loan borrowings, coupled with an increase in depreciation and amortization expense due to asset acquisition activity subsequent to September 30, 2018, partially offset by an increase in lease revenues due to asset acquisition activity subsequent to September 30, 2018.

Net income available to common stockholders and Non-controlling OP Unitholders decreased for the nine months ended September 30, 2019, as compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2018, primarily due to the increase in interest expense due to increased mortgage and Term Loan borrowings, coupled with an increase in depreciation and amortization expense due to asset acquisition activity subsequent to September 30, 2018, partially offset by an increase in lease revenues, due to asset acquisition activity subsequent to September 30, 2018.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Overview

Our sources of liquidity include cash flows from operations, cash and cash equivalents, borrowings under our Revolver and issuing additional equity securities. Our available liquidity as of September 30, 2019, was $32.0 million, consisting of approximately $6.2 million in cash and cash equivalents and an available borrowing capacity of $25.8 million under our Credit Facility. Our available borrowing capacity under the Credit Facility increased to $31.3 million as of October 30, 2019.

Future Capital Needs

We actively seek conservative investments that are likely to produce income to pay distributions to our stockholders. We intend to use the proceeds received from future equity raised and debt capital borrowed to continue to invest in industrial and office real property, make mortgage loans, or pay down outstanding borrowings under our Revolver. Accordingly, to ensure that we are able to effectively execute our business strategy, we routinely review our liquidity requirements and continually evaluate all potential sources of liquidity. Our short-term liquidity needs include proceeds necessary to fund our distributions to stockholders, pay the debt service costs on our existing long-term mortgages, refinancing maturing debt and fund our current operating costs. Our long-term liquidity needs include proceeds necessary to grow and maintain our portfolio of investments.

We believe that our available liquidity is sufficient to fund our distributions to stockholders, pay the debt service costs on our existing long-term mortgages and fund our current operating costs in the near term. We also believe we will be able to refinance our mortgage debt as it matures. Additionally, to satisfy our short-term obligations, we may request credits to our management fees that are issued from our Adviser, although our Adviser is under no obligation to provide any such credits, either in whole or in part. We further believe that our cash flow from operations coupled with the financing capital available to us in the future are sufficient to fund our long-term liquidity needs.

Equity Capital

During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, we raised net proceeds of (i) $40.7 million of common equity under our Common Stock ATM Program at a net weighted average per share price of $20.81. We used these proceeds to pay down outstanding debt and for other general corporate purposes. We did not sell any shares of our Series A Preferred or Series B Preferred pursuant to our Series A and B Preferred ATM Program or Series D Preferred pursuant to our Series D ATM Program during the nine months ended September 30, 2019. On October 28, 2019, we terminated the Series A and B Preferred ATM Program with Cantor Fitzgerald, as the Series A Preferred and Series B Preferred were fully redeemed on this date.


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On October 4, 2019, we completed an underwritten public offering of 2,760,000 shares of our Series E Preferred Stock at a public offering price of $25.00 per share, raising $69.0 million in gross proceeds and approximately $66.6 million in net proceeds after payment of underwriting discounts and commissions. We used net proceeds from this offering to redeem all outstanding shares of our Series A Preferred and Series B Preferred, and pay down our Credit Facility.

On October 28, 2019, we voluntarily redeemed all 1,000,000 outstanding shares of our Series A Preferred Stock and all 1,264,000 outstanding shares of our Series B Preferred Stock at a redemption price of $25.1506944 per share and $25.1458333 per share, respectively, which represents the liquidation preference per share, plus accrued and unpaid dividends through October 28, 2019 for an aggregate redemption price of approximately $56.9 million.

As of October 30, 2019, we had the ability to raise up to $462.3 million of additional equity capital through the sale and issuance of securities that are registered under the Universal Shelf, in one or more future public offerings. Of the $462.3 million of available capacity under our Universal Shelf, approximately $28.7 million of common stock is reserved for additional sales under our Common Stock ATM Program, and approximately $18.6 million is reserved for additional sales under our Series D Preferred ATM Program as of October 30, 2019. We expect to continue to use our ATM programs as a source of liquidity for the remainder of 2019.

Debt Capital

As of September 30, 2019, we had 47 mortgage notes payable in the aggregate principal amount of $438.7 million, collateralized by a total of 63 properties with a remaining weighted average maturity of 5.8 years. The weighted-average interest rate on the mortgage notes payable as of September 30, 2019 was 4.58%.

We continue to see banks and other non-bank lenders willing to issue mortgages. Consequently, we are focused on obtaining mortgages through regional banks, non-bank lenders and the CMBS market.

As of September 30, 2019, we had mortgage debt in the aggregate principal amount of $8.8 million payable during the remainder of 2019 and $31.1 million payable during 2020. The 2019 principal amount payable includes both amortizing principal payments and one balloon principal payment due during the remaining three months of 2019. Subsequent to September 30, 2019, we fully repaid our one balloon principal payment due during the remaining three months of 2019, which had an outstanding balance of $6.3 million. We anticipate being able to refinance our mortgages that come due during the remainder of 2019 and 2020 with a combination of new debt and the issuance of additional equity securities. In addition, we have raised substantial equity under our ATM programs and plan to continue to use these programs.

Operating Activities

Net cash provided by operating activities during the nine months ended September 30, 2019, was $43.1 million, as compared to net cash provided by operating activities of $40.8 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018. This slight change was primarily a result of an increase in operating revenues from our acquisitions completed subsequent to September 30, 2018, coupled with contractual lease revenue increases on the in-place portfolio, partially offset by an increase in property operating expenses and interest expense. The majority of cash from operating activities is generated from the lease revenues that we receive from our tenants. We utilize this cash to fund our property-level operating expenses and use the excess cash primarily for debt and interest payments on our mortgage notes payable, interest payments on our Credit Facility, distributions to our stockholders, management fees to our Adviser, Administration fees to our Administrator and other entity-level operating expenses.

Investing Activities

Net cash used in investing activities during the nine months ended September 30, 2019, was $63.6 million, which primarily consisted of nine property acquisitions, coupled with capital improvements performed at certain of our properties, partially offset by proceeds from the sale of one property. Net cash used in investing activities during the nine months ended September 30, 2018, was $14.8 million, which primarily consisted of two property acquisitions, coupled with capital improvements performed at certain of our properties, partially offset by proceeds from the sale of two properties.


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Financing Activities

Net cash provided by financing activities during the nine months ended September 30, 2019, was $20.4 million, which primarily consisted of the issuance of $41.2 million of common equity, borrowings from our Term Loan of $47.3 million, and the issuance of $41.1 million of new mortgage debt, partially offset by the repayment of $48.1 million of mortgage principal and distributions paid to common, senior common and preferred shareholders. Net cash used in financing activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2018, was $30.0 million, which primarily consisted of $24.9 million of mortgage principal repayments, coupled with distributions paid to common, senior common and preferred shareholders, partially offset by $14.1 million in new mortgage borrowings coupled with a net $9.5 million increase in borrowings on our Revolver.

Credit Facility

On July 2, 2019, we amended, extended and upsized our Credit Facility, increasing the Term Loan from $75.0 million to $160.0 million, inclusive of a delayed Term Loan draw component whereby we can incrementally borrow on the Term Loan up to the $160.0 million commitment, and increasing the Revolver from $85.0 million to $100.0 million. The Term Loan has a new five-year term, with a maturity date of July 2, 2024, and the Revolver has a new four-year term, with a maturity date of July 2, 2023. The interest rate for the Credit Facility was reduced by 10 basis points at each of the leverage tiers. We entered into multiple interest rate cap agreements on the amended Term Loan, which cap LIBOR ranging from 2.50% to 2.75%, to hedge our exposure to variable interest rates. We used the net proceeds derived from the amended Credit Facility to repay all previously existing borrowings under the Revolver. We incurred fees of approximately $1.3 million in connection with the Credit Facility amendment. The bank syndicate is now comprised of KeyBank, Fifth Third Bank, U.S. Bank National Association, The Huntington National Bank, Goldman Sachs Bank USA, and Wells Fargo Bank.

As of September 30, 2019, there was $158.1 million outstanding under our Credit Facility at a weighted average interest rate of approximately 3.63% and $8.3 million outstanding under letters of credit at a weighted average interest rate of 1.65%. As of October 30, 2019, the maximum additional amount we could draw under the Credit Facility was $31.3 million. We were in compliance with all covenants under the Credit Facility as of September 30, 2019.

Contractual Obligations

The following table reflects our material contractual obligations as of September 30, 2019 (in thousands):
 
  Payments Due by Period
Contractual Obligations Total Less than 1 Year 1-3 Years 3-5 Years More than 5 Years
Debt Obligations (1) $596,834
 $33,768
 $108,718
 $310,989
 $143,359
Interest on Debt Obligations (2) 111,931
 24,778
 45,469
 27,653
 14,031
Operating Lease Obligations (3) 10,333
 467
 960
 984
 7,922
Purchase Obligations (4) 795
 795
 
 
 
  $719,893
 $59,808
 $155,147
 $339,626
 $165,312
 
(1)Debt obligations represent borrowings under our Revolver, which represents $35.8 million of the debt obligation due in 2023, our Term Loan, which represents $122.3 million of the debt obligation due in 2024, and mortgage notes payable that were outstanding as of September 30, 2019. This figure does not include $0.3 million of premiums and discounts, net and $5.8 million of deferred financing costs, net, which are reflected in mortgage notes payable, net, borrowings under Revolver, net and borrowings under Term Loan, net on the condensed consolidated balance sheets.
(2)Interest on debt obligations includes estimated interest on borrowings under our Revolver and Term Loan and mortgage notes payable. The balance and interest rate on our Revolver and Term Loan is variable; thus, the interest payment obligation calculated for purposes of this table was based upon rates and balances as of September 30, 2019.
(3)Operating lease obligations represent the ground lease payments due on four of our properties.
(4)Purchase obligations consist of tenant and capital improvements at three of our properties.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We did not have any material off-balance sheet arrangements as of September 30, 2019.


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Funds from Operations

The National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts (“NAREIT”) developed Funds from Operations (“FFO”) as a relevant non-GAAP supplemental measure of operating performance of an equity REIT to recognize that income-producing real estate historically has not depreciated on the same basis determined under GAAP. FFO, as defined by NAREIT, is net income (computed in accordance with GAAP), excluding gains or losses from sales of property and impairment losses on property, plus depreciation and amortization of real estate assets, and after adjustments for unconsolidated partnerships and joint ventures.

FFO does not represent cash flows from operating activities in accordance with GAAP, which, unlike FFO, generally reflects all cash effects of transactions and other events in the determination of net income. FFO should not be considered an alternative to net income as an indication of our performance or to cash flows from operations as a measure of liquidity or ability to make distributions. Comparison of FFO, using the NAREIT definition, to similarly titled measures for other REITs may not necessarily be meaningful due to possible differences in the application of the NAREIT definition used by such REITs.

FFO available to common stockholders is FFO adjusted to subtract distributions made to holders of preferred stock and senior common stock. We believe that net income available to common stockholders is the most directly comparable GAAP measure to FFO available to common stockholders.

Basic funds from operations per share (“Basic FFO per share”), and diluted funds from operations per share (“Diluted FFO per share”), is FFO available to common stockholders divided by the number of weighted average shares of common stock outstanding and FFO available to common stockholders divided by the number of weighted average shares of common stock outstanding on a diluted basis, respectively, during a period. We believe that FFO available to common stockholders, Basic FFO per share and Diluted FFO per share are useful to investors because they provide investors with a further context for evaluating our FFO results in the same manner that investors use net income and earnings per share (“EPS”), in evaluating net income available to common stockholders. In addition, because most REITs provide FFO available to common stockholders, Basic FFO and Diluted FFO per share information to the investment community, we believe these are useful supplemental measures when comparing us to other REITs. We believe that net income is the most directly comparable GAAP measure to FFO, Basic EPS is the most directly comparable GAAP measure to Basic FFO per share, and that Diluted EPS is the most directly comparable GAAP measure to Diluted FFO per share.


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The following table provides a reconciliation of our FFO available to common stockholders for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively, to the most directly comparable GAAP measure, net income available to common stockholders, and a computation of basic and diluted FFO per weighted average share of common stock:

 
For the three months ended September 30, For the nine months ended September 30,
 
(Dollars in Thousands, Except for Per Share Amounts) (Dollars in Thousands, Except for Per Share Amounts)


2019
2018 2019 2018
Calculation of basic FFO per share of common stock and Non-controlling OP Unit        
Net income $2,191
 $2,677
 $9,068
 $9,807
Less: Distributions attributable to preferred and senior common stock (2,838) (2,847) (8,512) (8,503)
Net (loss) income (attributable) available to common stockholders and Non-controlling OP Unitholders $(647) $(170) $556
 $1,304
Adjustments:        
Add: Real estate depreciation and amortization $12,979
 $11,807
 $38,611
 $35,166
Less: Gain on sale of real estate, net 
 
 (2,952) (1,844)
FFO available to common stockholders and Non-controlling OP Unitholders - basic $12,332
 $11,637
 $36,215
 $34,626
Weighted average common shares outstanding - basic 31,032,802
 28,734,380
 30,338,690
 28,532,224
Weighted average Non-controlling OP Units outstanding 742,937
 
 742,937
 
Total common shares and Non-controlling OP Units 31,775,739
 28,734,380
 31,081,627
 28,532,224
Basic FFO per weighted average share of common stock and Non-controlling OP Unit $0.39
 $0.40
 $1.17
 $1.21
Calculation of diluted FFO per share of common stock and Non-controlling OP Unit        
Net income $2,191
 $2,677
 $9,068
 $9,807
Less: Distributions attributable to preferred and senior common stock (2,838) (2,847) (8,512) (8,503)
Net (loss) income (attributable) available to common stockholders and Non-controlling OP Unitholders $(647) $(170) $556
 $1,304
Adjustments:        
Add: Real estate depreciation and amortization $12,979
 $11,807
 $38,611
 $35,166
Add: Income impact of assumed conversion of senior common stock 226
 235
 675
 700
Less: Gain on sale of real estate, net 
 
 (2,952) (1,844)
FFO available to common stockholders and Non-controlling OP Unitholders plus assumed conversions $12,558
 $11,872
 $36,890
 $35,326
Weighted average common shares outstanding - basic 31,032,802
 28,734,380
 30,338,690
 28,532,224
Weighted average Non-controlling OP Units outstanding 742,937
 
 742,937
 
Effect of convertible senior common stock 709,906
 737,752
 709,906
 737,752
Weighted average common shares and Non-controlling OP Units outstanding - diluted 32,485,645
 29,472,132
 31,791,533
 29,269,976
Diluted FFO per weighted average share of common stock and Non-controlling OP Unit (1) $0.39
 $0.40
 $1.16
 $1.21
Distributions declared per share of common stock and Non-controlling OP Unit $0.375
 $0.375
 $1.125
 $1.125


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Item 3.Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

Market risk includes risks that arise from changes in interest rates, foreign currency exchange rates, commodity prices, equity prices and other market changes that affect market sensitive instruments. The primary risk that we believe we are and will be exposed to is interest rate risk. Certain of our leases contain escalations based on market indices, and the interest rate on our Credit Facility is variable. Although we seek to mitigate this risk by structuring such provisions of our loans and leases to contain a minimum interest rate or escalation rate, as applicable, these features do not eliminate this risk. To that end, we have entered into derivative contracts to cap interest rates for our variable rate notes payable, and we have entered into interest rate swaps whereby we pay a fixed interest rate to our respective counterparty, and receive one month LIBOR in return. For details regarding our rate cap agreements and our interest rate swap agreements see Note 6 – Mortgage Notes Payable and Credit Facility of the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements.

To illustrate the potential impact of changes in interest rates on our net income for the nine months ended September 30, 2019, we have performed the following analysis, which assumes that our condensed consolidated balance sheets remain constant and that no further actions beyond a minimum interest rate or escalation rate are taken to alter our existing interest rate sensitivity.

The following table summarizes the annual impact of a 1%, 2% and 3% increase, and a 1% and 2% decrease in the one month LIBOR as of September 30, 2019. As of September 30, 2019, our effective average LIBOR was 2.02%. Given that a 3% decrease in LIBOR would result in a negative rate, the impact of this fluctuation is not presented below (dollars in thousands).
 
Interest Rate Change 
(Decrease) increase to Interest
Expense
 
Net increase (decrease) to
Net Income
2% Decrease to LIBOR $(4,129) $4,129
1% Decrease to LIBOR (2,065) 2,065
1% Increase to LIBOR 1,503
 (1,503)
2% Increase to LIBOR 1,903
 (1,903)
3% Increase to LIBOR 2,274
 (2,274)

As of September 30, 2019, the fair value of our mortgage debt outstanding was $447.8 million. Interest rate fluctuations may affect the fair value of our debt instruments. If interest rates on our debt instruments, using rates at September 30, 2019, had been one percentage point higher or lower, the fair value of those debt instruments on that date would have decreased or increased by $16.6 million and $17.7 million, respectively.

The amount outstanding under the Credit Facility approximates fair value as of September 30, 2019.

In the future, we may be exposed to additional effects of interest rate changes, primarily as a result of our Revolver, Term Loan or long-term mortgage debt, which we use to maintain liquidity and fund expansion of our real estate investment portfolio and operations. Our interest rate risk management objectives are to limit the impact of interest rate changes on earnings and cash flows and to lower overall borrowing costs. To achieve these objectives, we will borrow primarily at fixed rates or variable rates with the lowest margins available and, in some cases, with the ability to convert variable rates to fixed rates. Additionally, we believe that there may be minimal impact on our variable rate debt, which is based upon the one month LIBOR rate, as a result of the expected transition from LIBOR to SOFR. We are currently monitoring the transition and the potential risks to us. We may also enter into derivative financial instruments such as interest rate swaps and caps to mitigate the interest rate risk on a related financial instrument. We will not enter into derivative or interest rate transactions for speculative purposes.

In addition to changes in interest rates, the value of our real estate is subject to fluctuations based on changes in local and regional economic conditions and changes in the creditworthiness of lessees and borrowers, all of which may affect our ability to refinance debt, if necessary.


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Item 4.Controls and Procedures.

a) Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

As of September 30, 2019, our management, including our chief executive officer and chief financial officer, evaluated the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures. Based on that evaluation, the chief executive officer and chief financial officer, concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of September 30, 2019 in providing a reasonable level of assurance that information we are required to disclose in reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in applicable SEC rules and forms, including providing a reasonable level of assurance that information required to be disclosed by us in such reports is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our chief executive officer and our chief financial officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. However, in evaluating the disclosure controls and procedures, management recognized that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated can provide only reasonable assurance of necessarily achieving the desired control objectives, and management was required to apply its judgment in evaluating the cost-benefit relationship of possible controls and procedures.

b) Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the quarter ended September 30, 2019 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.


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PART II – OTHER INFORMATION
 
Item 1.Legal Proceedings.

We are not currently subject to any material legal proceedings, nor, to our knowledge, is any material legal proceeding threatened against us.

Item 1A.Risk Factors.

Our business is subject to certain risks and events that, if they occur, could adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations and the trading price of our securities. For a discussion of these risks, please refer to the section captioned “Item 1A. Risk Factors” in our 2018 Form 10-K. There are no material changes to risks associated with our business or investment in our securities from those previously set forth in the reports described above.
 
Item 2.Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

Sales of Unregistered Securities

None.

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

None.
 
Item 3.Defaults Upon Senior Securities

None.
 
Item 4.Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable.

Item 5.Other Information

Effective October 28, 2019, in connection with the Company’s redemption of all outstanding shares of its Series A Preferred Stock and its Series B Preferred Stock, the Company and Cantor Fitzgerald & Co. terminated the Controlled Equity Offering Sales Agreement, dated February 22, 2016, which governed the terms for the Series A and B Preferred ATM Program. Under the Controlled Equity Offering Sales Agreement, the Company could sell up to an aggregate offering amount of $40.0 million of Series A Preferred Stock and Series B Preferred Stock through Cantor Fitzgerald, acting as sales agent and/or principal.

Item 6.Exhibits

Exhibit Index


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3.2  
  
3.3  
  
3.4 
   
3.5 
   
3.6 
   
3.7 

   
4.1  
  
4.2  
  
4.3  
  
4.4 
   
4.5 
   
4.6 

   
10.1 
   

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*Filed herewith
**Furnished herewith
***Attached as Exhibit 101 to this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are the following materials, formatted in XBRL (eXtensible Business Reporting Language): (i) the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, (ii) the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, (iii) the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 and (iv) the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
   Gladstone Commercial Corporation
    
Date:October 30, 2019 By: /s/ Mike Sodo
     Mike Sodo
     Chief Financial Officer
    
Date:October 30, 2019 By: /s/ David Gladstone
     David Gladstone
     
Chief Executive Officer and
Chairman of the Board of Directors


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