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HEP Holly Energy Partners

Filed: 7 May 20, 1:43pm



UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 ______________________________________________________________________________________
FORM 10-Q
 ______________________________________________________________________________________
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2020
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ____________ to _____________                    
Commission File Number: 1-32225
  _____________________________________________________________________________________
HOLLY ENERGY PARTNERS, L.P.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 ______________________________________________________________________________________
Delaware 20-0833098
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
2828 N. Harwood, Suite 1300  
Dallas  
Texas 75201
(Address of principal executive offices)  (Zip code)
(214) 871-3555
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
________________________________________________________________
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
Securities registered pursuant to 12(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934:
Title of each class Trading Symbol(s) Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Limited Partner Units HEP New York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.     Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes       No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth” company in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filerNon-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company      
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes   No  
The number of the registrant’s outstanding common units at May 1, 2020, was 105,440,201.




HOLLY ENERGY PARTNERS, L.P.
INDEX
 

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FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains certain “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the federal securities laws. All statements, other than statements of historical fact included in this Form 10-Q, including, but not limited to, statements regarding funding of capital expenditures and distributions, distributable cash flow coverage and leverage targets, and statements under “Results of Operations” and “Liquidity and Capital Resources” in Item 2 “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in Part I are forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements use words such as “anticipate,” “project,” “expect,” “plan,” “goal,” “forecast,” “intend,” “should,” “would,” “could,” “believe,” “may,” and similar expressions and statements regarding our plans and objectives for future operations. These statements are based on our beliefs and assumptions and those of our general partner using currently available information and expectations as of the date hereof, are not guarantees of future performance and involve certain risks and uncertainties. Although we and our general partner believe that such expectations reflected in such forward-looking statements are reasonable, neither we nor our general partner can give assurance that our expectations will prove to be correct. All statements concerning our expectations for future results of operations are based on forecasts for our existing operations and do not include the potential impact of any future acquisitions. Our forward-looking statements are subject to a variety of risks, uncertainties and assumptions. If one or more of these risks or uncertainties materialize, or if underlying assumptions prove incorrect, our actual results may vary materially from those anticipated, estimated, projected or expected. Certain factors could cause actual results to differ materially from results anticipated in the forward-looking statements. These factors include, but are not limited to:
the extraordinary market environment and effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, including the continuation of a material decline in demand for refined petroleum products in markets we serve;
risks and uncertainties with respect to the actual quantities of petroleum products and crude oil shipped on our pipelines and/or terminalled, stored or throughput in our terminals and refinery processing units;
the economic viability of HollyFrontier Corporation (“HFC”), our other customers and our joint ventures’ other customers, including any refusal or inability of our or our joint ventures’ customers or counterparties to perform their obligations under their contracts;
our ability to purchase and integrate future acquired operations;
our ability to complete previously announced or contemplated acquisitions;
the availability and cost of additional debt and equity financing;
the possibility of reductions in production or shutdowns at refineries utilizing our pipelines, terminal facilities and refinery processing units, whether due to infection in the workforce or in response to reductions in demand;
the effects of current and future government regulations and policies, including the effects of current restrictions on various commercial and economic activities in response to the COVID-19 pandemic;
our and our joint venture partners’ ability to complete and maintain operational efficiency in carrying out routine operations and capital construction projects;
the possibility of terrorist or cyber attacks and the consequences of any such attacks;
general economic conditions, including uncertainty regarding the timing, pace and extent of an economic recovery in the United States;
the impact of recent or proposed changes in the tax laws and regulations that affect master limited partnerships; and
other financial, operational and legal risks and uncertainties detailed from time to time in our Securities and Exchange Commission filings.

Cautionary statements identifying important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from our expectations are set forth in this Form 10-Q, including, without limitation, the forward-looking statements that are referred to above. You should not put any undue reliance on any forward-looking statements. When considering forward-looking statements, you should keep in mind the known material risk factors and other cautionary statements set forth in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, and in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and in “Risk Factors.” All forward-looking statements included in this Form 10-Q and all subsequent written or oral forward-looking statements attributable to us or persons acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by these cautionary statements. The forward-looking statements speak only as of the date made and, other than as required by law, we undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

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PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.Financial Statements
HOLLY ENERGY PARTNERS, L.P.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except unit data)
  March 31, 2020 December 31, 2019
  (Unaudited)  
ASSETS    
Current assets:    
Cash and cash equivalents (Cushing Connect VIEs: $16,675 and $6,842, respectively)
 $19,282
 $13,287
Accounts receivable:    
Trade 15,638
 18,731
Affiliates 38,406
 49,716
  54,044
 68,447
Prepaid and other current assets 7,548
 7,629
Total current assets 80,874
 89,363
     
Properties and equipment, net (Cushing Connect VIEs: $15,087 and $2,916, respectively)
 1,465,789
 1,467,099
Operating lease right-of-use assets, net 3,587
 3,255
Net investment in leases 134,108
 134,886
Intangible assets, net 97,820
 101,322
Goodwill 270,336
 270,336
Equity method investments (Cushing Connect VIEs: $39,054 and $37,084, respectively)
 123,580
 120,071
Other assets 12,190
 12,900
Total assets $2,188,284
 $2,199,232
     
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY    
Current liabilities:    
Accounts payable:    
Trade (Cushing Connect VIEs: $11,417 and $2,082, respectively)
 $19,549
 $17,818
Affiliates 6,393
 16,737
  25,942
 34,555
     
Accrued interest 4,695
 13,206
Deferred revenue 10,810
 10,390
Accrued property taxes 5,707
 3,799
Current operating lease liabilities 1,235
 1,126
Current finance lease liabilities 3,238
 3,224
Other current liabilities 3,065
 2,305
Total current liabilities 54,692
 68,605
     
Long-term debt 1,502,154
 1,462,031
Noncurrent operating lease liabilities 2,709
 2,482
Noncurrent finance lease liabilities 70,640
 70,475
Other long-term liabilities 12,450
 12,808
Deferred revenue 45,078
 45,681
     
Class B unit 50,227
 49,392
     
Equity:    
Partners’ equity:    
Common unitholders (105,440,201 units issued and outstanding
    at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019)
 338,159
 381,103
Noncontrolling interest 112,175
 106,655
Total equity 450,334
 487,758
Total liabilities and equity $2,188,284
 $2,199,232

See accompanying notes.


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HOLLY ENERGY PARTNERS, L.P.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(Unaudited)
(In thousands, except per unit data)

  Three Months Ended
March 31,
  2020 2019
Revenues:    
Affiliates $101,428
 $103,359
Third parties 26,426
 31,138
  127,854
 134,497
Operating costs and expenses:    
Operations (exclusive of depreciation and amortization) 34,981
 37,519
Depreciation and amortization 23,978
 23,824
General and administrative 2,702
 2,620
  61,661
 63,963
Operating income 66,193
 70,534
     
Other income (expense):    
Equity in earnings of equity method investments 1,714
 2,100
Interest expense (17,767) (19,022)
Interest income 2,218
 528
Loss on early extinguishment of debt (25,915) 
Gain (loss) on sale of assets and other 506
 (310)
  (39,244) (16,704)
Income before income taxes 26,949
 53,830
State income tax expense (37) (36)
Net income 26,912
 53,794
Allocation of net income attributable to noncontrolling interests (2,051) (2,612)
Net income attributable to the partners 24,861
 51,182
Limited partners’ per unit interest in earnings—basic and diluted $0.24
 $0.49
Weighted average limited partners’ units outstanding 105,440
 105,440



See accompanying notes.


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HOLLY ENERGY PARTNERS, L.P.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
(In thousands)
 
  Three Months Ended
March 31,
  2020 2019
Cash flows from operating activities    
Net income $26,912
 $53,794
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:    
Depreciation and amortization 23,978
 23,824
Gain on sale of assets (417) (9)
Loss on early extinguishment of debt 25,915
 
Amortization of deferred charges 799
 766
Equity-based compensation expense 506
 406
Equity in earnings of equity method investments, net of distributions (1,164) (112)
(Increase) decrease in operating assets:    
Accounts receivable—trade 3,093
 (2,253)
Accounts receivable—affiliates 11,310
 10,748
Prepaid and other current assets 126
 244
Increase (decrease) in operating liabilities:    
Accounts payable—trade (10,344) (2,199)
Accounts payable—affiliates 2,921
 (7,002)
Accrued interest (8,511) (7,616)
Deferred revenue (184) (233)
Accrued property taxes 1,908
 3,757
Other current liabilities 760
 130
Other, net 339
 (3,090)
Net cash provided by operating activities 77,947
 71,155
     
Cash flows from investing activities    
Additions to properties and equipment (18,942) (10,718)
Investment in Cushing Connect (2,345) 
Proceeds from sale of assets 417
 9
Distributions in excess of equity in earnings of equity investments 
 395
Net cash used for investing activities (20,870) (10,314)
     
Cash flows from financing activities    
Borrowings under credit agreement 112,000
 104,000
Repayments of credit agreement borrowings (67,000) (85,000)
Redemption of senior notes (522,500) 
Proceeds from issuance of debt 500,000
 
Contributions from general partner 354
 
Contributions from noncontrolling interest 7,304
 
Distributions to HEP unitholders (68,519) (67,975)
Distributions to noncontrolling interest (3,000) (3,000)
Payments on finance leases (1,096) (252)
Deferred financing costs (8,478) 
Units withheld for tax withholding obligations (147) (119)
Net cash used by financing activities (51,082) (52,346)
     
Cash and cash equivalents    
Increase for the period 5,995
 8,495
Beginning of period 13,287
 3,045
End of period $19,282
 $11,540

See accompanying notes.

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HOLLY ENERGY PARTNERS, L.P.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY
(Unaudited)
(In thousands)
 
  
Common
Units
 Noncontrolling Interest Total Equity
   
Balance December 31, 2019 $381,103
 $106,655
 $487,758
Capital contribution-Cushing Connect

 
 7,304
 7,304
Distributions to HEP unitholders (68,519) 
 (68,519)
Distributions to noncontrolling interest 
 (3,000) (3,000)
Equity-based compensation 506
 
 506
Class B unit accretion (835) 
 (835)
   Other 208
 
 208
Net income 25,696
 1,216
 26,912
Balance March 31, 2020 338,159
 112,175
 450,334

  
Common
Units
 Noncontrolling Interest Total Equity
   
Balance December 31, 2018 $427,435
 $88,126
 $515,561
Distributions to HEP unitholders (67,975) 
 (67,975)
Distributions to noncontrolling interest 
 (3,000) (3,000)
Equity-based compensation 406
 
 406
Class B unit accretion (780) 
 (780)
Other 1,069
 
 1,069
Net income 51,962
 1,832
 53,794
Balance March 31, 2019 412,117
 86,958
 499,075


See accompanying notes.



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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

Note 1:Description of Business and Presentation of Financial Statements

Holly Energy Partners, L.P. (“HEP”), together with its consolidated subsidiaries, is a publicly held master limited partnership. As of March 31, 2020, HollyFrontier Corporation (“HFC”) and its subsidiaries own a 57% limited partner interest and the non-economic general partner interest in HEP. We commenced operations on July 13, 2004, upon the completion of our initial public offering. In these consolidated financial statements, the words “we,” “our,” “ours” and “us” refer to HEP unless the context otherwise indicates.

On October 31, 2017, we closed on an equity restructuring transaction with HEP Logistics Holdings, L.P. (“HEP Logistics”), a wholly-owned subsidiary of HFC and the general partner of HEP, pursuant to which the incentive distribution rights ("IDRs") held by HEP Logistics were canceled, and HEP Logistics' 2% general partner interest in HEP was converted into a non-economic general partner interest in HEP. In consideration, we issued 37,250,000 of our common units to HEP Logistics. In addition, HEP Logistics agreed to waive $2.5 million of limited partner cash distributions for each of twelve consecutive quarters beginning with the first quarter the units issued as consideration were eligible to receive distributions. This waiver of limited partner cash distributions will expire after the cash distribution for the second quarter of 2020, which will be made during the third quarter of 2020. As a result of this transaction, no distributions were made on the general partner interest after October 31, 2017.

We own and operate petroleum product and crude oil pipelines, terminal, tankage and loading rack facilities and refinery processing units that support refining and marketing operations of HFC and other refineries in the Mid-Continent, Southwest and Northwest regions of the United States and Delek US Holdings, Inc.’s (“Delek”) refinery in Big Spring, Texas. Additionally, we own a 75% interest in UNEV Pipeline, LLC (“UNEV”), a 50% interest in Osage Pipe Line Company, LLC (“Osage”), a 50% interest in Cheyenne Pipeline LLC, and a 50% interest in Cushing Connect Pipeline & Terminal LLC.

We operate in two reportable segments, a Pipelines and Terminals segment and a Refinery Processing Unit segment. Disclosures around these segments are discussed in Note 15.

We generate revenues by charging tariffs for transporting petroleum products and crude oil through our pipelines, by charging fees for terminalling and storing refined products and other hydrocarbons, providing other services at our storage tanks and terminals and by charging fees for processing hydrocarbon feedstocks through our refinery processing units. We do not take ownership of products that we transport, terminal, store or process, and therefore, we are not exposed directly to changes in commodity prices.

The consolidated financial statements included herein have been prepared without audit, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). The interim financial statements reflect all adjustments, which, in the opinion of management, are necessary for a fair presentation of our results for the interim periods. Such adjustments are considered to be of a normal recurring nature. Although certain notes and other information required by U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) have been condensed or omitted, we believe that the disclosures in these consolidated financial statements are adequate to make the information presented not misleading. These consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019. Results of operations for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations that will be realized for the year ending December 31, 2020.

Principles of Consolidation and Common Control Transactions
The consolidated financial statements include our accounts and those of subsidiaries and joint ventures that we control. All significant intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated.

Most of our acquisitions from HFC occurred while we were a consolidated variable interest entity (“VIE”) of HFC. Therefore, as an entity under common control with HFC, we recorded these acquisitions on our balance sheets at HFC's historical basis instead of our purchase price or fair value.


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Accounting Pronouncements Adopted During the Periods Presented

Goodwill Impairment Testing
In January 2017, Accounting Standard Update (“ASU”) 2017-04, “Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment,” was issued amending the testing for goodwill impairment by eliminating Step 2 from the goodwill impairment test. Step 2 measures a goodwill impairment loss by comparing the implied fair value of a reporting unit’s goodwill with the carrying amount of that goodwill. Under this standard, goodwill impairment is measured as the excess of the carrying amount of the reporting unit over the related fair value. We adopted this standard effective in the second quarter of 2019, and the adoption of this standard had no effect on our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

Leases
In February 2016, ASU No. 2016-02, “Leases” (“ASC 842”) was issued requiring leases to be measured and recognized as a lease liability, with a corresponding right-of-use asset on the balance sheet. We adopted this standard effective January 1, 2019, and we elected to adopt using the modified retrospective transition method, whereby comparative prior period financial information will not be restated and will continue to be reported under the lease accounting standard in effect during those periods. We also elected practical expedients provided by the new standard, including the package of practical expedients and the short-term lease recognition practical expedient, which allow an entity to not recognize on the balance sheet leases with a term of 12 months or less. Upon adoption of this standard, we recognized $78.4 million of lease liabilities and corresponding right-of-use assets on our consolidated balance sheet. Adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on our results of operations or cash flows. See Notes 3 and 4 for additional information on our lease policies.

Credit Losses Measurement
In June 2016, ASU 2016-13, “Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments,” was issued requiring measurement of all expected credit losses for certain types of financial instruments, including trade receivables, held at the reporting date based on historical experience, current conditions and reasonable and supportable forecasts. We adopted this standard effective January 1, 2020, and adoption of the standard did not have a material impact on our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.


Note 2:Investment in Joint Venture

On October 2, 2019, HEP Cushing LLC (“HEP Cushing”), a wholly-owned subsidiary of HEP, and Plains Marketing, L.P. (“PMLP”), a wholly-owned subsidiary of Plains All American Pipeline, L.P. (“Plains”), formed a 50/50 joint venture, Cushing Connect Pipeline & Terminal LLC (the “Cushing Connect Joint Venture”), for (i) the development and construction of a new 160,000 barrel per day common carrier crude oil pipeline (the “Cushing Connect Pipeline”) that will connect the Cushing, Oklahoma crude oil hub to the Tulsa, Oklahoma refining complex owned by a subsidiary of HFC and (ii) the ownership and operation of 1.5 million barrels of crude oil storage in Cushing, Oklahoma (the “ Cushing Connect JV Terminal”). The Cushing Connect JV Terminal was partially in service in the first quarter of 2020 and is expected to be fully in service during the second quarter of 2020. The Cushing Connect Pipeline is expected to be in service during the first quarter of 2021. Long-term commercial agreements have been entered into to support the Cushing Connect Joint Venture assets.

The Cushing Connect Joint Venture contracted with an affiliate of HEP to manage the construction and operation of the Cushing Connect Pipeline and with an affiliate of Plains to manage the operation of the Cushing Connect JV Terminal. The total Cushing Connect Joint Venture investment will be shared proportionately among the partners, and HEP estimates its share of the cost of the Cushing Connect JV Terminal contributed by Plains and Cushing Connect Pipeline construction costs will be approximately $65 million.

The Cushing Connect Joint Venture legal entities are variable interest entities ("VIEs") as defined under GAAP. A VIE is a legal entity if it has any one of the following characteristics: (i) the entity does not have sufficient equity at risk for the entity to finance its activities without additional subordinated financial support; (ii) the at risk equity holders, as a group, lack the characteristics of a controlling financial interest; or (iii) the entity is structured with non-substantive voting rights. The Cushing Connect Joint Venture legal entities do not have sufficient equity at risk to finance their activities without additional financial support. Since HEP is constructing and will operate the Cushing Connect Pipeline, HEP has more ability to direct the activities that most significantly impact the financial performance of the Cushing Connect Joint Venture and Cushing Connect Pipeline legal entities. Therefore, HEP consolidates those legal entities. We do not have the ability to direct the activities that most significantly impact the Cushing Connect JV Terminal legal entity, and therefore, we account for our interest in the Cushing Connect JV Terminal legal entity using the equity method of accounting.

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Note 3:Revenues

Revenues are generally recognized as products are shipped through our pipelines and terminals, feedstocks are processed through our refinery processing units or other services are rendered. The majority of our contracts with customers meet the definition of a lease since (1) performance of the contracts is dependent on specified property, plant, or equipment and (2) it is remote that one or more parties other than the customer will take more than a minor amount of the output associated with the specified property, plant, or equipment. Prior to the adoption of the new lease standard (see Note 1), we bifurcated the consideration received between lease and service revenue. The new lease standard allows the election of a practical expedient whereby a lessor does not have to separate non-lease (service) components from lease components under certain conditions. The majority of our contracts meet these conditions, and we have made this election for those contracts. Under this practical expedient, we treat the combined components as a single performance obligation in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 606, which largely codified ASU 2014-09, if the non-lease (service) component is the dominant component. If the lease component is the dominant component, we treat the combined components as a lease in accordance with ASC 842, which largely codified ASU 2016-02.
Several of our contracts include incentive or reduced tariffs once a certain quarterly volume is met. Revenue from the variable element of these transactions is recognized based on the actual volumes shipped as it relates specifically to rendering the services during the applicable quarter.
The majority of our long-term transportation contracts specify minimum volume requirements, whereby, we bill a customer for a minimum level of shipments in the event a customer ships below their contractual requirements. If there are no future performance obligations, we will recognize these deficiency payments in revenue.
In certain of these throughput agreements, a customer may later utilize such shortfall billings as credit towards future volume shipments in excess of its minimum levels within its respective contractual shortfall make-up period. Such amounts represent an obligation to perform future services, which may be initially deferred and later recognized as revenue based on estimated future shipping levels, including the likelihood of a customer’s ability to utilize such amounts prior to the end of the contractual shortfall make-up period. We recognize the service portion of these deficiency payments in revenue when we do not expect we will be required to satisfy these performance obligations in the future based on the pattern of rights exercised by the customer. During the three months ended March 31, 2020, we recognized $7.5 million of these deficiency payments in revenue, of which $0.7 million related to deficiency payments billed in prior periods. As of March 31, 2020, deferred revenue reflected in our consolidated balance sheet related to shortfalls billed was $0.3 million.
A contract liability exists when an entity is obligated to perform future services to a customer for which the entity has received consideration. Since HEP may be required to perform future services for these deficiency payments received, the deferred revenues on our balance sheets were considered contract liabilities. A contract asset exists when an entity has a right to consideration in exchange for goods or services transferred to a customer. Our consolidated balance sheets included the contract assets and liabilities in the table below:
  March 31,
2020
 December 31,
2019
  (In thousands)
Contract assets $5,870
 $5,675
Contract liabilities $(300) $(650)


The contract assets and liabilities include both lease and service components. We recognized $0.7 million of revenue, during the three months ended March 31, 2020, that was previously included in contract liability as of December 31, 2019, and we recognized $0.6 million of revenue during the three months ended March 31, 2019, that was previously included in contract liability as of December 31, 2018. During the three months ended March 31, 2020, we also recognized $0.2 million of revenue included in contract assets at March 31, 2020.

As of March 31, 2020, we expect to recognize $2.3 billion in revenue related to our unfulfilled performance obligations under the terms of our long-term throughput agreements and operating leases expiring in 2021 through 2036. These agreements generally provide for changes in the minimum revenue guarantees annually for increases or decreases in the Producer Price Index (“PPI”) or Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (“FERC”) index, with certain contracts having provisions that limit the level of the rate increases or decreases. We expect to recognize revenue for these unfulfilled performance obligations as shown in the table below (amounts shown in table include both service and lease revenues):

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Years Ending December 31, (In millions)
Remainder of 2020 $277
2021 359
2022 331
2023 295
2024 257
2025 186
Thereafter 639
Total $2,344

Payment terms under our contracts with customers are consistent with industry norms and are typically payable within 10 to 30 days of the date of invoice.
Disaggregated revenues were as follows:
  Three Months Ended
March 31,
  2020 2019
  (In thousands)
Pipelines $70,472
 $75,100
Terminals, tanks and loading racks 37,498
 37,578
Refinery processing units 19,884
 21,819
  $127,854
 $134,497

During the three months ended March 31, 2020 and March 31, 2019, lease revenues amounted to $93.2 million and $94.3 million, respectively, and service revenues amounted to $34.7 million and $40.2 million, respectively. Both of these revenues were recorded within affiliates and third parties revenues on our consolidated statement of income.

Note 4:Leases

We adopted ASC 842 effective January 1, 2019, and elected to adopt using the modified retrospective transition method and practical expedients, both of which are provided as options by the standard and further defined in Note 1.

Lessee Accounting
At inception, we determine if an arrangement is or contains a lease. Right-of-use assets represent our right to use an underlying asset for the lease term, and lease liabilities represent our payment obligation under the leasing arrangement. Right-of-use assets and lease liabilities are recognized at the commencement date based on the present value of lease payments over the lease term. We use our estimated incremental borrowing rate (“IBR”) to determine the present value of lease payments as most of our leases do not contain an implicit rate. Our IBR represents the interest rate which we would pay to borrow, on a collateralized basis, an amount equal to the lease payments over a similar term in a similar economic environment. We use the implicit rate when readily determinable.

As a lessee, we lease land, buildings, pipelines, transportation and other equipment to support our operations. These leases can be categorized into operating and finance leases. Operating leases are recorded in operating lease right-of-use assets and current and noncurrent operating lease liabilities on our consolidated balance sheet. Finance leases are included in properties and equipment, current finance lease liabilities and noncurrent finance lease liabilities on our consolidated balance sheet.

When renewal options are defined in a lease, our lease term includes an option to extend the lease when it is reasonably certain we will exercise that option. Leases with a term of 12 months or less are not recorded on our balance sheet, and lease expense is accounted for on a straight-line basis. In addition, as a lessee, we separate non-lease components that are identifiable and exclude them from the determination of net present value of lease payment obligations.

Our leases have remaining terms of 1 to 25 years, some of which include options to extend the leases for up to 10 years.


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Finance Lease Obligations
We have finance lease obligations related to vehicle leases with initial terms of 33 to 48 months. The total cost of assets under finance leases was $7.4 million and $7.0 million as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively, with accumulated depreciation of $3.9 million and $4.5 million as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively. We include depreciation of finance leases in depreciation and amortization in our consolidated statements of income.

In addition, we have a finance lease obligation related to a pipeline lease with an initial term of 10 years with one remaining subsequent renewal option for an additional 10 years.

Supplemental balance sheet information related to leases was as follows (in thousands, except for lease term and discount rate):
  March 31, 2020 December 31, 2019
     
Operating leases:    
   Operating lease right-of-use assets, net $3,587
 3,255
     
   Current operating lease liabilities 1,235
 1,126
   Noncurrent operating lease liabilities 2,709
 2,482
      Total operating lease liabilities $3,944
 3,608
     
Finance leases:    
   Properties and equipment $7,388
 6,968
   Accumulated amortization (3,934) (4,547)
      Properties and equipment, net $3,454
 2,421
     
   Current finance lease liabilities $3,238
 3,224
   Noncurrent finance lease liabilities 70,640
 70,475
      Total finance lease liabilities $73,878
 73,699
     
Weighted average remaining lease term (in years)    
   Operating leases 6.2 6.5
   Finance leases 16.6 17.0
     
Weighted average discount rate    
   Operating leases 4.8% 5.0%
   Finance leases 5.6% 6.0%



Supplemental cash flow and other information related to leases were as follows:
  Three Months Ended
March 31,
  2020 2019
  (In thousands)
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities:    
Operating cash flows on operating leases $282
 $1,795
Operating cash flows on finance leases $1,077
 $27
Financing cash flows on finance leases $1,096
 $252


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Maturities of lease liabilities were as follows:
  March 31, 2020
  Operating Finance
  (In thousands)
2020 $722
 $5,430
2021 963
 7,333
2022 628
 7,207
2023 544
 7,254
2024 494
 6,774
2025 and thereafter 1,184
 80,313
   Total lease payments 4,535
 114,311
Less: Imputed interest (591) (40,433)
   Total lease obligations 3,944
 73,878
Less: Current obligations (1,235) (3,238)
   Long-term lease obligations $2,709
 $70,640



The components of lease expense were as follows:
  Three Months Ended
March 31, 2020
 Three Months Ended March 31, 2019
  (In thousands)
Operating lease costs $273
 1,770
Finance lease costs    
   Amortization of assets 242
 244
   Interest on lease liabilities 1,037
 27
Variable lease cost 49
 35
Total net lease cost $1,601
 2,076

Lessor Accounting
As discussed in Note 3, the majority of our contracts with customers meet the definition of a lease. See Note 3 for further discussion of the impact of adoption of this standard on our activities as a lessor.

Customer contracts that contain leases are generally classified as either operating leases, direct finance leases or sales-type leases. We consider inputs such as the lease term, fair value of the underlying asset and residual value of the underlying assets when assessing the classification.

Substantially all of the assets supporting contracts meeting the definition of a lease have long useful lives, and we believe these assets will continue to have value when the current agreements expire due to our risk management strategy for protecting the residual fair value of the underlying assets by performing ongoing maintenance during the lease term. HFC generally has the option to purchase assets located within HFC refinery boundaries, including refinery tankage, truck racks and refinery processing units, at fair market value when the related agreements expire.

Lease income recognized was as follows:
  Three Months Ended
March 31, 2020
 Three Months Ended March 31, 2019
  (In thousands)
Operating lease revenues $91,388
 $94,295
Direct financing lease interest income $524
 $509
Sales-type lease interest income $1,655
 $
Lease revenues relating to variable lease payments not included in measurement of the sales-type lease receivable $1,797
 $


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For our sales-type leases, we included customer obligations related to minimum volume requirements in guaranteed minimum lease payments. Portions of our minimum guaranteed pipeline tariffs for assets subject to sales-type lease accounting are recorded as interest income with the remaining amounts recorded as a reduction in net investment in leases. We recognized any billings for throughput volumes in excess of minimum volume requirements as variable lease payments, and these variable lease payments were recorded in lease revenues.

As discussed in Note 3, prior to the adoption of ASC 842, contract consideration was bifurcated between operating lease and service revenues.

Annual minimum undiscounted lease payments under our leases were as follows as of March 31, 2020:
  Operating Finance Sales-type
Years Ending December 31, (In thousands)
Remainder of 2020 $233,353
 $1,586
 $7,126
2021 305,811
 2,128
 9,501
2022 303,468
 2,145
 9,501
2023 272,784
 2,162
 9,501
2024 235,009
 2,179
 9,501
Thereafter 728,110
 40,787
 42,754
Total $2,078,535
 $50,987
 $87,884


Net investments in leases recorded on our balance sheet were composed of the following:
  March 31, 2020 December 31, 2019
  Sales-type Leases Direct Financing Leases Sales-type Leases Direct Financing Leases
  (In thousands) (In thousands)
Lease receivables (1)
 $67,092
 $16,499
 $68,457
 $16,511
Unguaranteed residual assets 53,577
 
 52,933
 
Net investment in leases $120,669
 $16,499
 $121,390
 $16,511

(1)Current portion of lease receivables included in prepaid and other current assets on the balance sheet.


Note 5:Fair Value Measurements

Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. Fair value measurements are derived using inputs (assumptions that market participants would use in pricing an asset or liability) including assumptions about risk. GAAP categorizes inputs used in fair value measurements into three broad levels as follows:
(Level 1) Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
(Level 2) Observable inputs other than quoted prices included in Level 1, such as quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, similar assets and liabilities in markets that are not active or can be corroborated by observable market data.
(Level 3) Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities. This includes valuation techniques that involve significant unobservable inputs.

Financial Instruments
Our financial instruments consist of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable, and debt. The carrying amounts of cash equivalents, accounts receivable and accounts payable approximate fair value due to the short-term maturity of these instruments. Debt consists of outstanding principal under our revolving credit agreement (which approximates fair value as interest rates are reset frequently at current interest rates) and our fixed interest rate senior notes.


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The carrying amounts and estimated fair values of our senior notes were as follows:
    March 31, 2020 December 31, 2019
Financial Instrument Fair Value Input Level 
Carrying
Value
 Fair Value 
Carrying
Value
 Fair Value
    (In thousands)
Liabilities:          
6% Senior Notes Level 2 
 
 496,531
 522,045
5% Senior Notes Level 2 491,654
 416,795
 
 


Level 2 Financial Instruments
Our senior notes are measured at fair value using Level 2 inputs. The fair value of the senior notes is based on market values provided by a third-party bank, which were derived using market quotes for similar type debt instruments. See Note 9 for additional information.


Note 6:
Properties and Equipment 

The carrying amounts of our properties and equipment are as follows:
  March 31,
2020
 December 31,
2019
  (In thousands)
Pipelines, terminals and tankage $1,602,189
 $1,602,231
Refinery assets 349,030
 348,093
Land and right of way 87,076
 86,190
Construction in progress 26,894
 10,930
Other 14,501
 14,110
  2,079,690
 2,061,554
Less accumulated depreciation 613,901
 594,455
  $1,465,789
 $1,467,099


We capitalized $23.0 thousand and $46.0 thousand during the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively, in interest attributable to construction projects.

Depreciation expense was $20.3 million and $20.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively, and includes depreciation of assets acquired under capital leases.


Note 7:Intangible Assets

Intangible assets include transportation agreements and customer relationships that represent a portion of the total purchase price of certain assets acquired from Delek in 2005, from HFC in 2008 prior to HEP becoming a consolidated VIE of HFC, from Plains in 2017, and from other minor acquisitions in 2018.


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The carrying amounts of our intangible assets are as follows:
  Useful Life March 31,
2020
 December 31,
2019
    (In thousands)
Delek transportation agreement 30 years $59,933
 $59,933
HFC transportation agreement 10-15 years 75,131
 75,131
Customer relationships 10 years 69,683
 69,683
Other   50
 50
    204,797
 204,797
Less accumulated amortization   106,977
 103,475
    $97,820
 $101,322

Amortization expense was $3.5 million for both of the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019. We estimate amortization expense to be $14.0 million for each of the next two years, $9.9 million in 2023, and $9.1 million in 2024 and 2025.

We have additional transportation agreements with HFC resulting from historical transactions consisting of pipeline, terminal and tankage assets contributed to us or acquired from HFC. These transactions occurred while we were a consolidated variable interest entity of HFC; therefore, our basis in these agreements is zero and does not reflect a step-up in basis to fair value.


Note 8:Employees, Retirement and Incentive Plans

Direct support for our operations is provided by Holly Logistic Services, L.L.C. (“HLS”), an HFC subsidiary, which utilizes personnel employed by HFC who are dedicated to performing services for us. Their costs, including salaries, bonuses, payroll taxes, benefits and other direct costs, are charged to us monthly in accordance with an omnibus agreement that we have with HFC (the “Omnibus Agreement”). These employees participate in the retirement and benefit plans of HFC. Our share of retirement and benefit plan costs was $2.2 million and $1.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

Under HLS’s secondment agreement with HFC (the “Secondment Agreement”), certain employees of HFC are seconded to HLS to provide operational and maintenance services for certain of our processing, refining, pipeline and tankage assets, and HLS reimburses HFC for its prorated portion of the wages, benefits, and other costs related to these employees.
We have a Long-Term Incentive Plan for employees and non-employee directors who perform services for us. The Long-Term Incentive Plan consists of 4 components: restricted or phantom units, performance units, unit options and unit appreciation rights. Our accounting policy for the recognition of compensation expense for awards with pro-rata vesting (a significant proportion of our awards) is to expense the costs ratably over the vesting periods.

As of March 31, 2020, we had 2 types of incentive-based awards outstanding, which are described below. The compensation cost charged against income was $0.5 million and $0.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. We currently purchase units in the open market instead of issuing new units for settlement of all unit awards under our Long-Term Incentive Plan. As of March 31, 2020, 2,500,000 units were authorized to be granted under our Long-Term Incentive Plan, of which 1,116,919 have not yet been granted, assuming no forfeitures of the unvested units and full achievement of goals for the unvested performance units.

Restricted and Phantom Units
Under our Long-Term Incentive Plan, we grant restricted units to non-employee directors and phantom units to selected employees who perform services for us, with most awards vesting over a period of one to three years. Although full ownership of the units does not transfer to the recipients until the units vest, the recipients have distribution rights on these units from the date of grant, and the recipients of the restricted units have voting rights on the restricted units from the date of grant.

The fair value of each restricted or phantom unit award is measured at the market price as of the date of grant and is amortized on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period for each separately vesting portion of the award.


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A summary of restricted and phantom unit activity and changes during the three months ended March 31, 2020, is presented below:
Restricted and Phantom Units Units Weighted Average Grant-Date Fair Value
Outstanding at January 1, 2020 (nonvested) 145,205
 $26.22
Vesting and transfer of full ownership to recipients (4,397) 30.29
Forfeited (3,267) 24.44
Outstanding at March 31, 2020 (nonvested) 137,541
 $26.14


The grant date fair values of phantom units that were vested and transferred to recipients during the three months ended March 31, 2020 were $0.1 million. No restricted or phantom units were vested and transferred to recipients during the three months ended March 31, 2019. As of March 31, 2020, there was $1.9 million of total unrecognized compensation expense related to unvested restricted and phantom unit grants, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 1.4 years.

Performance Units
Under our Long-Term Incentive Plan, we grant performance units to selected officers who perform services for us. Performance units granted are payable in common units at the end of a three-year performance period based upon meeting certain criteria over the performance period. Under the terms of our performance unit grants, some awards are subject to the growth in our distributable cash flow per common unit over the performance period while other awards are subject to "financial performance" and "market performance." Financial performance is based on meeting certain earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization ("EBITDA") targets, while market performance is based on the relative standing of total unitholder return achieved by HEP compared to peer group companies. The number of units ultimately issued under these awards can range from 50% to 150% or 0% to 200%. As of March 31, 2020, estimated unit payouts for outstanding nonvested performance unit awards ranged between 100% and 150% of the target number of performance units granted.

We did not grant any performance units during the three months ended March 31, 2020. Although common units are not transferred to the recipients until the performance units vest, the recipients have distribution rights with respect to the target number of performance units subject to the award from the date of grant at the same rate as distributions paid on our common units.

A summary of performance unit activity and changes for the three months ended March 31, 2020, is presented below:
Performance Units Units
Outstanding at January 1, 2020 (nonvested) 53,445
Vesting and transfer of common units to recipients (11,634)
Outstanding at March 31, 2020 (nonvested) 41,811


The grant date fair value of performance units vested and transferred to recipients during the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 was $0.4 million and $0.3 million, respectively. Based on the weighted-average fair value of performance units outstanding at March 31, 2020, of $1.2 million, there was $0.5 million of total unrecognized compensation expense related to nonvested performance units, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 1.8 years.

During the three months ended March 31, 2020, we did not purchase any of our common units in the open market for the issuance and settlement of unit awards under our Long-Term Incentive Plan.


Note 9:Debt

Credit Agreement
We have a $1.4 billion senior secured revolving credit facility (the “Credit Agreement”) expiring in July 2022. The Credit Agreement is available to fund capital expenditures, investments, acquisitions, distribution payments and working capital and for general partnership purposes. The Credit Agreement is also available to fund letters of credit up to a $50 million sub-limit, and it contains an accordion feature giving us the ability to increase the size of the facility by up to $300 million with additional lender commitments.


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Our obligations under the Credit Agreement are collateralized by substantially all of our assets, and indebtedness under the Credit Agreement is guaranteed by our material, wholly-owned subsidiaries.  The Credit Agreement requires us to maintain compliance with certain financial covenants consisting of total leverage, senior secured leverage, and interest coverage.  It also limits or restricts our ability to engage in certain activities.  If, at any time prior to the expiration of the Credit Agreement, HEP obtains two investment grade credit ratings, the Credit Agreement will become unsecured and many of the covenants, limitations, and restrictions will be eliminated.

We may prepay all loans at any time without penalty, except for tranche breakage costs.  If an event of default exists under the Credit Agreement, the lenders will be able to accelerate the maturity of all loans outstanding and exercise other rights and remedies.  We were in compliance with the covenants as of March 31, 2020.

Senior Notes
As of December 31, 2019, we had $500 million aggregate principal amount of 6% senior unsecured notes due in 2024 (the "6% Senior Notes") outstanding. The 6% Senior Notes were unsecured and imposed certain restrictive covenants, including limitations on our ability to incur additional indebtedness, make investments, sell assets, incur certain liens, pay distributions, enter into transactions with affiliates and enter into mergers.

On February 4, 2020, we closed a private placement of $500 million in aggregate principal amount of 5% senior unsecured notes due in 2028 (the "5% Senior Notes"). On February 5, 2020, we redeemed the existing $500 million 6% Senior Notes at a redemption cost of $522.5 million, at which time we recognized a $25.9 million early extinguishment loss consisting of a $22.5 million debt redemption premium and unamortized financing costs of $3.4 million. We funded the $522.5 million redemption with net proceeds from the issuance of our 5% Senior Notes and borrowings under our Credit Agreement.

The 5% Senior Notes are unsecured and impose certain restrictive covenants, including limitations on our ability to incur additional indebtedness, make investments, sell assets, incur certain liens, pay distributions, enter into transactions with affiliates, and enter into mergers. We were in compliance with the restrictive covenants for the 5% Senior Notes as of March 31, 2020. At any time when the 5% Senior Notes are rated investment grade by either Moody’s or Standard & Poor’s and no default or event of default exists, we will not be subject to many of the foregoing covenants. Additionally, we have certain redemption rights at varying premiums over face value under the 5% Senior Notes.

Indebtedness under the 5% Senior Notes is guaranteed by all of our existing wholly-owned subsidiaries (other than Holly Energy Finance Corp. and certain immaterial subsidiaries).

Long-term Debt
The carrying amounts of our long-term debt was as follows:
  March 31,
2020
 December 31,
2019
  (In thousands)
Credit Agreement    
Amount outstanding 1,010,500
 $965,500
     
6% Senior Notes    
Principal 
 500,000
Unamortized premium and debt issuance costs 
 (3,469)
  
 496,531
     
5% Senior Notes    
Principal 500,000
 
Unamortized premium and debt issuance costs (8,346) 
  491,654
 
     
Total long-term debt 1,502,154
 $1,462,031



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Interest Expense and Other Debt Information
Interest expense consists of the following components:
  Three Months Ended March 31,
  2020 2019
  (In thousands)
Interest on outstanding debt:    
Credit Agreement $8,601
 $10,372
6% Senior Notes 2,833
 7,500
5% Senior Notes 4,167
 
Amortization of discount and deferred debt issuance costs 799
 766
Commitment fees 353
 403
Interest on finance leases 1,037
 27
Total interest incurred 17,790
 19,068
Less capitalized interest 23
 46
Net interest expense $17,767
 $19,022
Cash paid for interest $25,168
 $25,918



Note 10:Related Party Transactions

We serve HFC’s refineries under long-term pipeline, terminal and tankage throughput agreements, and refinery processing unit tolling agreements expiring from 2021 to 2036, and revenues from these agreements accounted for 79% of our total revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2020. Under these agreements, HFC agrees to transport, store and process throughput volumes of refined product, crude oil and feedstocks on our pipelines, terminals, tankage, loading rack facilities and refinery processing units that result in minimum annual payments to us. These minimum annual payments or revenues are subject to annual rate adjustments on July 1st each year generally based on increases or decreases in PPI or the FERC index. As of March 31, 2020, these agreements with HFC require minimum annualized payments to us of $348.2 million.

If HFC fails to meet its minimum volume commitments under the agreements in any quarter, it will be required to pay us the amount of any shortfall in cash by the last day of the month following the end of the quarter. Under certain of these agreements, a shortfall payment may be applied as a credit in the following four quarters after its minimum obligations are met.

Under certain provisions of the Omnibus Agreement, we pay HFC an annual administrative fee (currently $2.6 million) for the provision by HFC or its affiliates of various general and administrative services to us. This fee does not include the salaries of personnel employed by HFC who perform services for us on behalf of HLS or the cost of their employee benefits, which are charged to us separately by HFC. Also, we reimburse HFC and its affiliates for direct expenses they incur on our behalf.

Related party transactions with HFC are as follows:
Revenues received from HFC were $101.4 million and $103.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.
HFC charged us general and administrative services under the Omnibus Agreement of $0.7 million and $0.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.
We reimbursed HFC for costs of employees supporting our operations of $14.1 million and $13.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.
HFC reimbursed us $3.1 million and $2.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively, for expense and capital projects.
We distributed $37.6 million and $37.3 million in the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively, to HFC as regular distributions on its common units.
Accounts receivable from HFC were $38.4 million and $49.7 million at March 31, 2020, and December 31, 2019, respectively.
Accounts payable to HFC were $6.4 million and $16.7 million at March 31, 2020, and December 31, 2019, respectively.

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Deferred revenue in the consolidated balance sheets at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, included $0.2 million and $0.5 million, respectively, relating to certain shortfall billings to HFC.
We received direct financing lease payments from HFC for use of our Artesia and Tulsa railyards of $0.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.
We received sales-type lease payments of $2.4 million from HFC that were not included in revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2020.
On October 31, 2017, we closed on an equity restructuring transaction with HEP Logistics, a wholly-owned subsidiary of HFC and the general partner of HEP, pursuant to which the incentive distribution rights held by HEP Logistics were canceled, and HEP Logistics' 2% general partner interest in HEP was converted into a non-economic general partner interest in HEP. In consideration, we issued 37,250,000 of our common units to HEP Logistics. In addition, HEP Logistics agreed to waive $2.5 million of limited partner cash distributions for each of twelve consecutive quarters beginning with the first quarter the units issued as consideration were eligible to receive distributions. This waiver of limited partner cash distributions will expire after the cash distribution for the second quarter of 2020, which will be made during the third quarter of 2020.

Note 11:Partners’ Equity, Income Allocations and Cash Distributions

As of March 31, 2020, HFC held 59,630,030 of our common units, constituting a 57% limited partner interest in us, and held the non-economic general partner interest.

Continuous Offering Program
We have a continuous offering program under which we may issue and sell common units from time to time, representing limited partner interests, up to an aggregate gross sales amount of $200 million. As of March 31, 2020, HEP has issued 2,413,153 units under this program, providing $82.3 million in gross proceeds.
 
Allocations of Net Income
Net income attributable to HEP is allocated to the partners based on their weighted-average ownership percentage during the period.

Cash Distributions
On April 23, 2020, we announced our cash distribution for the first quarter of 2020 of $0.35 per unit. The distribution is payable on all common units and will be paid May 14, 2020, to all unitholders of record on May 4, 2020. However, HEP Logistics waived $2.5 million in limited partner cash distributions due to them as discussed in Note 1.

Our regular quarterly cash distribution to the limited partners will be $34.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and was $68.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019. Our distributions are declared subsequent to quarter end; therefore, these amounts do not reflect distributions paid during the respective period.

As a master limited partnership, we distribute our available cash, which historically has exceeded our net income attributable to HEP because depreciation and amortization expense represents a non-cash charge against income. The result is a decline in our partners’ equity since our regular quarterly distributions have exceeded our quarterly net income attributable to HEP. Additionally, if the asset contributions and acquisitions from HFC had occurred while we were not a consolidated VIE of HFC, our acquisition cost, in excess of HFC’s historical basis in the transferred assets, would have been recorded in our financial statements at the time of acquisition as increases to our properties and equipment and intangible assets instead of decreases to our partners’ equity.


Note 12:Net Income Per Limited Partner Unit

Basic net income per unit applicable to the limited partners is calculated as net income attributable to the partners divided by the weighted average limited partners’ units outstanding. Diluted net income per unit assumes, when dilutive, the issuance of the net incremental units from restricted units, phantom units and performance units.To the extent net income attributable to the partners exceeds or is less than cash distributions, this difference is allocated to the partners based on their weighted-average ownership percentage during the period, after consideration of any priority allocations of earnings. Our dilutive securities are immaterial for all periods presented.
  

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Net income per limited partner unit is computed as follows:

  Three Months Ended
March 31,
  2020 2019
  (In thousands, except per unit data)
Net income attributable to the partners $24,861
 $51,182
Weighted average limited partners' units outstanding 105,440
 105,440
Limited partners' per unit interest in earnings - basic and diluted $0.24
 $0.49



Note 13:Environmental

We expensed $0.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020, for environmental remediation obligations, and we incurred no expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2019. The accrued environmental liability, net of expected recoveries from indemnifying parties, reflected in our consolidated balance sheets was $5.5 million at both March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, of which $3.3 million and $3.5 million, respectively, were classified as other long-term liabilities. These accruals include remediation and monitoring costs expected to be incurred over an extended period of time.

Under the Omnibus Agreement and certain transportation agreements and purchase agreements with HFC, HFC has agreed to indemnify us, subject to certain monetary and time limitations, for environmental noncompliance and remediation liabilities associated with certain assets transferred to us from HFC and occurring or existing prior to the date of such transfers. Our consolidated balance sheets included additional accrued environmental liabilities of $0.4 million and $0.5 million for HFC indemnified liabilities for the periods ending March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively, and other assets included equal and offsetting balances representing amounts due from HFC related to indemnifications for environmental remediation liabilities.


Note 14:Contingencies

We are a party to various legal and regulatory proceedings, none of which we believe will have a material adverse impact on our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.


Note 15:Segment Information

Although financial information is reviewed by our chief operating decision makers from a variety of perspectives, they view the business in two reportable operating segments: pipelines and terminals, and refinery processing units. These operating segments adhere to the accounting polices used for our consolidated financial statements.

Pipelines and terminals have been aggregated as one reportable segment as both pipeline and terminals (1) have similar economic characteristics, (2) similarly provide logistics services of transportation and storage of petroleum products, (3) similarly support the petroleum refining business, including distribution of its products, (4) have principally the same customers and (5) are subject to similar regulatory requirements.

We evaluate the performance of each segment based on its respective operating income. Certain general and administrative expenses and interest and financing costs are excluded from segment operating income as they are not directly attributable to a specific reportable segment. Identifiable assets are those used by the segment, whereas other assets are principally equity method investments, cash, deposits and other assets that are not associated with a specific reportable reportable segment.

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  Three Months Ended
March 31,
  2020 2019
  (In thousands)
Revenues:    
Pipelines and terminals - affiliate $81,544
 $81,540
Pipelines and terminals - third-party 26,426
 31,138
Refinery processing units - affiliate 19,884
 21,819
Total segment revenues $127,854
 $134,497
     
Segment operating income:    
Pipelines and terminals $58,903
 $63,232
Refinery processing units 9,992
 9,922
Total segment operating income 68,895
 73,154
Unallocated general and administrative expenses (2,702) (2,620)
Interest and financing costs, net (15,549) (18,494)
Loss on early extinguishment of debt (25,915) 
Equity in earnings of equity method investments 1,714
 2,100
Gain (loss) on sale of assets and other 506
 (310)
Income before income taxes $26,949
 $53,830
     
Capital Expenditures:    
  Pipelines and terminals $18,618
 $10,718
  Refinery processing units 324
 
Total capital expenditures $18,942
 $10,718

  March 31, 2020 December 31, 2019
  (In thousands)
Identifiable assets:    
  Pipelines and terminals (1)
 $1,732,984
 $1,749,843
  Refinery processing units 302,654
 305,897
Other 152,646
 143,492
Total identifiable assets $2,188,284
 $2,199,232

(1) Includes goodwill of $270.3 million as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019.


Note 16:Supplemental Guarantor/Non-Guarantor Financial Information

Obligations of HEP (“Parent”) under both the 6% and 5% Senior Notes have been jointly and severally guaranteed by each of its direct and indirect 100% owned subsidiaries (“Guarantor Subsidiaries”). These guarantees are full and unconditional, subject to certain customary release provisions. These circumstances include (i) when a Guarantor Subsidiary is sold or sells all or substantially all of its assets, (ii) when a Guarantor Subsidiary is declared “unrestricted” for covenant purposes, (iii) when a Guarantor Subsidiary’s guarantee of other indebtedness is terminated or released and (iv) when the requirements for legal defeasance or covenant defeasance or to discharge the senior notes have been satisfied.

The following financial information presents condensed consolidating balance sheets, statements of comprehensive income, and statements of cash flows of the Parent, the Guarantor Subsidiaries and the Non-Guarantor Subsidiaries. The information has been presented as if the Parent accounted for its ownership in the Guarantor Subsidiaries, and the Guarantor Restricted Subsidiaries accounted for the ownership of the Non-Guarantor Non-Restricted Subsidiaries, using the equity method of accounting.

- 22 -



Condensed Consolidating Balance Sheet
March 31, 2020 Parent 
Guarantor
Restricted Subsidiaries
 Non-Guarantor Non-Restricted Subsidiaries Eliminations Consolidated
  (In thousands)
ASSETS          
Current assets:          
Cash and cash equivalents $1,722
 $(1,152) $18,712
 $
 $19,282
Accounts receivable 
 49,018
 5,988
 (962) 54,044
Prepaid and other current assets 445
 6,483
 620
 


 7,548
Total current assets 2,167
 54,349
 25,320
 (962) 80,874
           
Properties and equipment, net 
 1,123,996
 341,793
 
 1,465,789
Operating lease right-of-use assets0
 3,379
 208
 
 3,587
Net investment in leases 
 134,108
 
 
 134,108
Investment in subsidiaries

 1,837,112
 277,876
 
 (2,114,988) 
Intangible assets, net 
 97,820
 
 
 97,820
Goodwill 
 270,336
 
 
 270,336
Equity method investments 
 84,526
 39,054
 
 123,580
Other assets 6,110
 6,080
 
 
 12,190
Total assets $1,845,389
 $2,052,470
 $406,375
 $(2,115,950) $2,188,284
           
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY          
Current liabilities:          
Accounts payable $
 $13,363
 $13,541
 $(962) $25,942
Accrued interest 4,695
 
 
 
 4,695
Deferred revenue 
 10,510
 300
 
 10,810
Accrued property taxes 
 3,845
 1,862
 
 5,707
Current operating lease liabilities 
 1,167
 68
 
 1,235
Current finance lease liabilities 
 3,238
 
 
 3,238
Other current liabilities 121
 2,923
 21
 
 3,065
Total current liabilities 4,816
 35,046
 15,792
 (962) 54,692

          
Long-term debt 1,502,154
 
 
 
 1,502,154
Noncurrent operating lease liabilities 
 2,709
 
 
 2,709
Noncurrent finance lease liabilities 
 70,640
 
 
 70,640
Other long-term liabilities 260
 11,658
 532
 
 12,450
Deferred revenue 
 45,078
 
 
 45,078
Class B unit 
 50,227
 
 
 50,227
Equity - partners 338,159
 1,837,112
 277,876
 (2,114,988) 338,159
Equity - noncontrolling interest 
 
 112,175
 
 112,175
Total liabilities and equity $1,845,389
 $2,052,470
 $406,375
 $(2,115,950) $2,188,284

- 23 -



Condensed Consolidating Balance Sheet
December 31, 2019 Parent 
Guarantor
Restricted Subsidiaries
 Non-Guarantor Non-Restricted Subsidiaries Eliminations Consolidated
  (In thousands)
ASSETS          
Current assets:          
Cash and cash equivalents $4,790
 $(709) $9,206
 $
 $13,287
Accounts receivable 
 60,229
 8,549
 (331) 68,447
Prepaid and other current assets 282
 6,710
 637
 
 7,629
Total current assets 5,072
 66,230
 18,392
 (331) 89,363
           
Properties and equipment, net 
 1,133,534
 333,565
 
 1,467,099
Operating lease right-of-use assets 
 3,243
 12
 
 3,255
Net investment in leases 
 134,886
 
 
 134,886
Investment in subsidiaries 1,844,812
 275,279
 
 (2,120,091) 
Intangible assets, net 
 101,322
 
 
 101,322
Goodwill 
 270,336
 
 
 270,336
Equity method investments 
 82,987
 37,084
 
 120,071
Other assets 6,722
 6,178
 
 
 12,900
Total assets $1,856,606
 $2,073,995
 $389,053
 $(2,120,422) $2,199,232
           
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY          
Current liabilities:          
Accounts payable $
 $29,895
 $4,991
 $(331) $34,555
Accrued interest 13,206
 
 
 
 13,206
Deferred revenue 
 9,740
 650
 
 10,390
Accrued property taxes 
 2,737
 1,062
 
 3,799
Current operating lease liabilities 
 1,114
 12
 
 1,126
Current finance lease liabilities 
 3,224
 
 
 3,224
Other current liabilities 6
 2,293
 6
 
 2,305
Total current liabilities 13,212
 49,003
 6,721
 (331) 68,605
           
Long-term debt 1,462,031
 
 
 
 1,462,031
Noncurrent operating lease liabilities 
 2,482
 
 
 2,482
Noncurrent finance lease liabilities 
 70,475
 
 
 70,475
Other long-term liabilities 260
 12,150
 398
 
 12,808
Deferred revenue 
 45,681
 
 
 45,681
Class B unit 
 49,392
 
 
 49,392
Equity - partners 381,103
 1,844,812
 275,279
 (2,120,091) 381,103
Equity - noncontrolling interest 
 
 106,655
 
 106,655
Total liabilities and equity $1,856,606
 $2,073,995
 $389,053
 $(2,120,422) $2,199,232




- 24 -



Condensed Consolidating Statement of Comprehensive Income
Three Months Ended March 31, 2020 Parent 
Guarantor Restricted
Subsidiaries
 Non-Guarantor Non-restricted Subsidiaries Eliminations Consolidated
  (In thousands)
Revenues:          
Affiliates $
 $94,755
 $6,673
 $
 $101,428
Third parties 
 19,155
 7,271
 
 26,426
  
 113,910
 13,944
 
 127,854
Operating costs and expenses:          
Operations (exclusive of depreciation and amortization) 
 31,131
 3,850
 
 34,981
Depreciation and amortization 
 19,753
 4,225
 
 23,978
General and administrative 1,099
 1,603
 
 
 2,702
  1,099
 52,487
 8,075
 
 61,661
Operating income (loss) (1,099) 61,423
 5,869
 
 66,193
           
Other income (expense):          
Equity in earnings of subsidiaries 68,535
 4,295
 
 (72,830) 
Equity in earnings of equity method investments 
 2,088
 (374) 
 1,714
Interest expense (16,730) (1,037) 
 
 (17,767)
Interest income 
 2,218
 
 
 2,218
Loss on early extinguishment of debt (25,915) 
 
 
 (25,915)
Gain on sale of assets and other 70
 420
 16
 
 506
  25,960
 7,984
 (358) (72,830) (39,244)
Income before income taxes 24,861
 69,407
 5,511
 (72,830) 26,949
State income tax expense 
 (37) 
 
 (37)
Net income 24,861
 69,370
 5,511
 (72,830) 26,912
Allocation of net income attributable to noncontrolling interests 
 (835) (1,216) 
 (2,051)
Net income attributable to the partners $24,861
 $68,535
 $4,295
 $(72,830) $24,861


- 25 -



Condensed Consolidating Statement of Comprehensive Income
Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 Parent 
Guarantor
Restricted Subsidiaries
 Non-Guarantor Non-Restricted Subsidiaries Eliminations Consolidated
  (In thousands)
Revenues:          
Affiliates $
 $97,393
 $5,966
 $
 $103,359
Third parties 
 22,065
 9,073
 
 31,138
  
 119,458
 15,039
 
 134,497
Operating costs and expenses:          
Operations (exclusive of depreciation and amortization) 
 34,077
 3,442
 
 37,519
Depreciation and amortization 


 19,536
 4,288
 
 23,824
General and administrative 1,076
 1,544
 
 
 2,620
  1,076
 55,157
 7,730
 
 63,963
Operating income (loss) (1,076) 64,301
 7,309
 
 70,534
           
Other income (expense):          
Equity in earnings of subsidiaries 71,299
 5,496
 
 (76,795) 
Equity in earnings of equity method investments 
 2,100
 
 
 2,100
Interest expense (19,041) 19
 
 
 (19,022)
Interest income 
 528
 
 
 528
Gain (loss) on sale of assets and other 
 (329) 19
 
 (310)
  52,258
 7,814
 19
 (76,795) (16,704)
Income before income taxes 51,182
 72,115
 7,328
 (76,795) 53,830
State income tax expense 
 (36) 
 
 (36)
Net income 51,182
 72,079
 7,328
 (76,795) 53,794
Allocation of net income attributable to noncontrolling interests 
 (780) (1,832) 
 (2,612)
Net income attributable to the partners $51,182
 $71,299
 $5,496
 $(76,795) $51,182












- 26 -


Condensed Consolidating Statement of Cash Flows
Three Months Ended March 31, 2020 Parent 
Guarantor
Restricted Subsidiaries
 Non-Guarantor Non-Restricted Subsidiaries Eliminations Consolidated
  (In thousands)
Cash flows from operating activities $(24,974) $85,061
 $22,243
 $(4,383) $77,947
           
Cash flows from investing activities          
Additions to properties and equipment 
 (5,942) (13,000) 
 (18,942)
Investment in Cushing Connect 
 (7,304) (2,345) 7,304
 (2,345)
Distributions from UNEV in excess of earnings 
 4,617
 
 (4,617) 
Proceeds from sale of assets 
 417
 
 
 417
  
 (8,212) (15,345) 2,687
 (20,870)
           
Cash flows from financing activities          
Net borrowings under credit agreement 45,000
 
 
 
 45,000
Net intercompany financing activities 76,196
 (76,196) 
 
 
Redemption of senior notes (522,500) 
 
 
 (522,500)
Proceeds from issuance of senior notes 500,000
 
 
 
 500,000
Contribution from general partner 354
 
 7,304
 (7,304) 354
Contribution from noncontrolling interest 
 
 7,304
 
 7,304
Distributions to HEP unitholders (68,519) 
 
 
 (68,519)
Distributions to noncontrolling interests 
 
 (12,000) 9,000
 (3,000)
Units withheld for tax withholding obligations (147) 
 
 
 (147)
Deferred financing costs (8,478) 
 
 
 (8,478)
Payments on finance leases 
 (1,096) 
 
 (1,096)
  21,906
 (77,292) 2,608
 1,696
 (51,082)
           
Cash and cash equivalents          
Increase (decrease) for the period (3,068) (443) 9,506
 
 5,995
Beginning of period 4,790
 (709) 9,206
 
 13,287
End of period $1,722
 $(1,152) $18,712
 $
 $19,282


- 27 -



Condensed Consolidating Statement of Cash Flows
Three Months Ended March 31, 2019 Parent 
Guarantor
Restricted Subsidiaries
 Non-Guarantor Non-Restricted Subsidiaries Eliminations Consolidated
  (In thousands)
Cash flows from operating activities $(26,584) $91,226
 $12,009
 $(5,496) $71,155
           
Cash flows from investing activities          
Additions to properties and equipment 
 (10,564) (154) 
 (10,718)
Distributions from UNEV in excess of earnings 
 3,504
 
 (3,504) 
Proceeds from sale of assets 
 9
 
 
 9
Distributions in excess of equity in earnings of equity investments 
 395
 
 
 395
  
 (6,656) (154) (3,504) (10,314)
           
Cash flows from financing activities          
Net repayments under credit agreement 19,000
 
 
 
 19,000
Net intercompany financing activities 75,678
 (75,678) 
 
 
Distributions to HEP unitholders (67,975) 
 
 
 (67,975)
Distributions to noncontrolling interests 
 
 (12,000) 9,000
 (3,000)
Units withheld for tax withholding obligations (119) 
 
 
 (119)
Payments on finance leases 
 (252) 
 
 (252)
  26,584
 (75,930) (12,000) 9,000
 (52,346)
           
Cash and cash equivalents          
Increase (decrease) for the period 
 8,640
 (145) 
 8,495
Beginning of period 2
 
 3,043
 
 3,045
End of period $2
 $8,640
 $2,898
 $
 $11,540




- 28 -




Item 2.Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

This Item 2, including but not limited to the sections under “Results of Operations” and “Liquidity and Capital Resources,” contains forward-looking statements. See “Forward-Looking Statements” at the beginning of Part I of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. In this document, the words “we,” “our,” “ours” and “us” refer to Holly Energy Partners, L.P. (“HEP”) and its consolidated subsidiaries or to HEP or an individual subsidiary and not to any other person.


OVERVIEW

HEP is a Delaware limited partnership. Through our subsidiaries and joint ventures, we own and/or operate petroleum product and crude oil pipelines, terminal, tankage and loading rack facilities and refinery processing units that support the refining and marketing operations of HollyFrontier Corporation (“HFC”) and other refineries in the Mid-Continent, Southwest and Northwest regions of the United States and Delek US Holdings, Inc.’s (“Delek”) refinery in Big Spring, Texas. HEP, through its subsidiaries and joint ventures, owns and/or operates petroleum product and crude pipelines, tankage and terminals in Texas, New Mexico, Washington, Idaho, Oklahoma, Utah, Nevada, Wyoming and Kansas as well as refinery processing units in Utah and Kansas. HFC owned 57% of our outstanding common units and the non-economic general partnership interest, as of March 31, 2020.

We generate revenues by charging tariffs for transporting petroleum products and crude oil through our pipelines, by charging fees for terminalling and storing refined products and other hydrocarbons, providing other services at our storage tanks and terminals and charging a tolling fee per barrel or thousand standard cubic feet of feedstock throughput in our refinery processing units. We do not take ownership of products that we transport, terminal, store or process, and therefore, we are not directly exposed to changes in commodity prices.

We believe the long-term growth of global refined product demand and U.S. crude production should support high utilization rates for the refineries we serve, which in turn should support volumes in our product pipelines, crude gathering systems and terminals.

Impact of COVID-19 on Our Business
Our business depends in large part on the demand for the various petroleum products we transport, terminal and store in the markets we serve. The impact of COVID-19 on the global macroeconomy has created unprecedented destruction of demand, as well as lack of forward visibility, for refined products and crude oil transportation, and for the terminalling and storage services that we provide. We expect a recovery of our services as demand for all of these essential products returns in the long run; however, there is little visibility on the timing for, or the extent of, this recovery in the near-term. Currently, the primary determinants of refined product and crude oil demand are the various government orders and guidance restricting and discouraging most forms of travel. For example, HFC, our largest customer, has announced that for the second quarter of 2020 it expects to run between 300,000 and 340,000 barrels per day of crude oil, which is approximately 65% to 75% of HFC refinery capacity, based on expected market demand for transportation fuels. We expect that HFC and other customers will continue to adjust refinery production levels commensurate with market demand.

In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, and with the health and safety of our employees as a top priority, we took several actions, including limiting onsite staff at all of our facilities to essential operational personnel only, implementing a work from home policy for certain employees and restricting travel unless approved by senior leadership. In addition, we took steps to sequester employees critical to the operation of our control room. We will continue to monitor COVID-19 developments and the dynamic environment to properly address these policies going forward.

In light of current circumstances and our expectations for the future, HEP has reduced its quarterly distribution to $0.35 per unit, representative of a new distribution strategy focused on funding all capital expenditures and distributions within cash flow, improving distributable cash flow coverage to 1.3x or greater and reducing leverage to 3.0-3.5x.

On March 27, 2020, the United States government passed the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (the “CARES Act”), an approximately $2 trillion stimulus package that includes various provisions intended to provide relief to individuals and businesses in the form of tax changes, loans and grants, among others. At this time, we have not sought relief in the form of loans or grants from the CARES Act; however, we have benefited from certain tax deferrals in the CARES Act and may benefit from other tax provisions if we meet the requirements to do so.

The extent to which HEP’s future results are affected by COVID-19 will depend on various factors and consequences beyond our control, such as the duration and scope of the pandemic, additional actions by businesses and governments in response to the

- 29 -


pandemic and the speed and effectiveness of responses to combat the virus. However, we have long-term customer contracts with minimum volume commitments, which have expiration dates from 2021 to 2036. These minimum volume commitments accounted for approximately 70% of our total revenues in 2019. We are currently not aware of any reasons that would prevent such customers from making the minimum payments required under the contracts or potentially making payments in excess of the minimum payments. In addition to these payments, we also expect to collect payments for services provided to uncommitted shippers. However, we currently expect revenues for the second quarter to be lower than such revenues for the first quarter.

COVID-19, and the volatile regional and global economic conditions stemming from the pandemic, could also exacerbate the risk factors identified in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019 and in this Form 10-Q. COVID-19 may also materially adversely affect our results in a manner that is either not currently known or that we do not currently consider to be a significant risk to our business.

See “Item 1A - Risk Factors” for other potential impacts of COVID-19 on our business.

Investment in Joint Venture
On October 2, 2019, HEP Cushing (“HEP Cushing”), a wholly-owned subsidiary of HEP, and Plains Marketing, L.P. (“PMLP”), a wholly-owned subsidiary of Plains All American Pipeline, L.P. (“Plains”), formed a 50/50 joint venture, Cushing Connect Pipeline & Terminal LLC (the “Cushing Connect Joint Venture”), for (i) the development and construction of a new 160,000 barrel per day common carrier crude oil pipeline (the “Cushing Connect Pipeline”) that will connect the Cushing, Oklahoma crude oil hub to the Tulsa, Oklahoma refining complex owned by a subsidiary of HFC and (ii) the ownership and operation of 1.5 million barrels of crude oil storage in Cushing, Oklahoma (the “Cushing Connect JV Terminal”). The Cushing Connect JV Terminal is expected to be in service during the second quarter of 2020, and the Cushing Connect Pipeline is expected to be in service during the first quarter of 2021. Long-term commercial agreements have been entered into to support the Cushing Connect Joint Venture assets.

The Cushing Connect Joint Venture will contract with an affiliate of HEP to manage the construction and operation of the Cushing Connect Pipeline and with an affiliate of Plains to manage the operation of the Cushing Connect JV Terminal. The total Cushing Connect Joint Venture investment will be shared proportionately among the partners, and HEP estimates its share of the cost of the Cushing Connect JV Terminal contributed by Plains and Cushing Connect Pipeline construction costs will be approximately $65 million.

Agreements with HFC
We serve HFC’s refineries under long-term pipeline, terminal, tankage and refinery processing unit throughput agreements expiring from 2021 to 2036. Under these agreements, HFC agrees to transport, store and process throughput volumes of refined product, crude oil and feedstocks on our pipelines, terminal, tankage, and loading rack facilities and refinery processing units that result in minimum annual payments to us. These minimum annual payments or revenues are subject to annual rate adjustments on July 1st each year, based on the Producer Price Index (“PPI”) or Federal Energy Regulatory Commission index. As of March 31, 2020, these agreements with HFC require minimum annualized payments to us of $348.2 million.

If HFC fails to meet its minimum volume commitments under the agreements in any quarter, it will be required to pay us the amount of any shortfall in cash by the last day of the month following the end of the quarter. Under certain of the agreements, a shortfall payment may be applied as a credit in the following four quarters after minimum obligations are met.

A significant reduction in revenues under these agreements could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations.

Under certain provisions of an omnibus agreement we have with HFC (the “Omnibus Agreement”), we pay HFC an annual administrative fee, currently $2.6 million, for the provision by HFC or its affiliates of various general and administrative services to us. This fee does not include the salaries of personnel employed by HFC who perform services for us on behalf of Holly Logistic Services, L.L.C. (“HLS”), or the cost of their employee benefits, which are separately charged to us by HFC. We also reimburse HFC and its affiliates for direct expenses they incur on our behalf.

Under HLS’s Secondment Agreement with HFC, certain employees of HFC are seconded to HLS to provide operational and maintenance services for certain of our processing, refining, pipeline and tankage assets, and HLS reimburses HFC for its prorated portion of the wages, benefits, and other costs of these employees for our benefit.

We have a long-term strategic relationship with HFC that has historically facilitated our growth. Our future growth plans include organic projects around our existing assets and select investments or acquisitions that enhance our service platform while creating accretion for our unitholders. While in the near term, any acquisitions would be subject to economic conditions discussed in “Overview” above, we also expect over the longer term to continue to work with HFC on logistic asset acquisitions in conjunction with HFC’s refinery acquisition strategies.

- 30 -



Furthermore, we plan to continue to pursue third-party logistic asset acquisitions that are accretive to our unitholders and increase the diversity of our revenues.

- 31 -


RESULTS OF OPERATIONS (Unaudited)

Income, Distributable Cash Flow, Volumes and Balance Sheet Data
The following tables present income, distributable cash flow and volume information for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.
  Three Months Ended March 31, Change from
  2020 2019 2019
  (In thousands, except per unit data)
Revenues:      
Pipelines:      
Affiliates—refined product pipelines $20,083
 $20,732
 $(649)
Affiliates—intermediate pipelines 7,474
 7,281
 193
Affiliates—crude pipelines 20,393
 21,121
 (728)
  47,950
 49,134
 (1,184)
Third parties—refined product pipelines 14,798
 15,604
 (806)
Third parties—crude pipelines 7,724
 10,362
 (2,638)
  70,472
 75,100
 (4,628)
Terminals, tanks and loading racks:      
Affiliates 33,594
 32,406
 1,188
Third parties 3,904
 5,172
 (1,268)
  37,498
 37,578
 (80)
       
Affiliates—refinery processing units 19,884
 21,819
 (1,935)
       
Total revenues 127,854
 134,497
 (6,643)
Operating costs and expenses:      
Operations (exclusive of depreciation and amortization) 34,981
 37,519
 (2,538)
Depreciation and amortization 23,978
 23,824
 154
General and administrative 2,702
 2,620
 82
  61,661
 63,963
 (2,302)
Operating income 66,193
 70,534
 (4,341)
Other income (expense):      
Equity in earnings of equity method investments 1,714
 2,100
 (386)
Interest expense, including amortization (17,767) (19,022) 1,255
Interest income 2,218
 528
 1,690
Loss on early extinguishment of debt (25,915) 
 (25,915)
Gain on sale of assets and other 506
 (310) 816
  (39,244) (16,704) (22,540)
Income before income taxes 26,949
 53,830
 (26,881)
State income tax expense (37) (36) (1)
Net income 26,912
 53,794
 (26,882)
Allocation of net income attributable to noncontrolling interests (2,051) (2,612) 561
Net income attributable to the partners 24,861
 51,182
 (26,321)
Limited partners’ earnings per unit—basic and diluted $0.24
 $0.49
 $(0.25)
Weighted average limited partners’ units outstanding 105,440
 105,440
 
EBITDA (1)
 $64,425
 $93,536
 $(29,111)
Adjusted EBITDA (1)
 $91,109
 $93,536
 $(2,427)
Distributable cash flow (2)
 $70,708
 $70,599
 $109
       
Volumes (bpd)      
Pipelines:      
Affiliates—refined product pipelines 129,966
 130,807
 (841)
Affiliates—intermediate pipelines 142,112
 130,830
 11,282
Affiliates—crude pipelines 305,031
 400,797
 (95,766)
  577,109
 662,434
 (85,325)
Third parties—refined product pipelines 49,637
 81,064
 (31,427)
Third parties—crude pipelines 92,203
 126,496
 (34,293)
  718,949
 869,994
 (151,045)
Terminals and loading racks:     
Affiliates 429,730
 373,912
 55,818
Third parties 45,945
 68,765
 (22,820)
  475,675
 442,677
 32,998
       
Affiliates—refinery processing units 69,795
 65,837
 3,958
       
Total for pipelines and terminal and refinery processing unit assets (bpd) 1,264,419
 1,378,508
 (114,089)

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(1)Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (“EBITDA”) is calculated as net income attributable to the partners plus (i) interest expense, net of interest income, (ii) state income tax expense and (iii) depreciation and amortization. Adjusted EBITDA is calculated as EBITDA plus (i) loss on early extinguishment of debt and (ii) pipeline tariffs not included in revenues due to impacts from lease accounting for certain pipeline tariffs minus (iii) pipeline lease payments not included in operating costs and expenses. Portions of our minimum guaranteed pipeline tariffs for assets subject to sales-type lease accounting are recorded as interest income with the remaining amounts recorded as a reduction in net investment in leases. These pipeline tariffs were previously recorded as revenues prior to the renewal of the throughput agreement, which triggered sales-type lease accounting. Similarly, certain pipeline lease payments were previously recorded as operating costs and expenses, but the underlying lease was reclassified from an operating lease to a financing lease, and these payments are now recoded as interest expense and reductions in the lease liability. EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA are not calculations based upon generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP"). However, the amounts included in the EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA calculations are derived from amounts included in our consolidated financial statements. EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered as alternatives to net income attributable to Holly Energy Partners or operating income, as indications of our operating performance or as alternatives to operating cash flow as a measure of liquidity. EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA are not necessarily comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies. EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA are presented here because they are widely used financial indicators used by investors and analysts to measure performance. EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA are also used by our management for internal analysis and as a basis for compliance with financial covenants. Set forth below are our calculations of EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA.

  Three Months Ended
March 31,
  2020 2019
  (In thousands)
Net income attributable to the partners $24,861
 $51,182
Add (subtract):    
Interest expense 17,767
 19,022
Interest income (2,218) (528)
State income tax expense 37
 36
Depreciation and amortization 23,978
 23,824
EBITDA $64,425
 $93,536
Loss on early extinguishment of debt 25,915
 
Pipeline tariffs not included in revenues 2,375
 
Lease payments not included in operating costs (1,606) 
Adjusted EBITDA $91,109
 $93,536

(2)Distributable cash flow is not a calculation based upon GAAP. However, the amounts included in the calculation are derived from amounts presented in our consolidated financial statements, with the general exceptions of maintenance capital expenditures. Distributable cash flow should not be considered in isolation or as an alternative to net income or operating income as an indication of our operating performance or as an alternative to operating cash flow as a measure of liquidity. Distributable cash flow is not necessarily comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies. Distributable cash flow is presented here because it is a widely accepted financial indicator used by investors to compare partnership performance. It is also used by management for internal analysis and for our performance units. We believe that this measure provides investors an enhanced perspective of the operating performance of our assets and the cash our business is generating. Set forth below is our calculation of distributable cash flow.

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  Three Months Ended
March 31,
  2020 2019
  (In thousands)
Net income attributable to the partners $24,861
 $51,182
Add (subtract):    
Depreciation and amortization 23,978
 23,824
Amortization of discount and deferred debt issuance costs 799
 766
Loss on early extinguishment of debt 25,915
 
Revenue recognized (greater) less than customer billings 264
 (3,034)
Maintenance capital expenditures (3)
 (2,487) (735)
Increase (decrease) in environmental liability 1
 (278)
Decrease in reimbursable deferred revenue (2,800) (1,579)
Other 177
 453
Distributable cash flow $70,708
 $70,599

(3)Maintenance capital expenditures are capital expenditures made to replace partially or fully depreciated assets in order to maintain the existing operating capacity of our assets and to extend their useful lives. Maintenance capital expenditures include expenditures required to maintain equipment reliability, tankage and pipeline integrity, safety and to address environmental regulations.
  March 31,
2020
 December 31,
2019
  (In thousands)
Balance Sheet Data    
Cash and cash equivalents $19,282
 $13,287
Working capital $26,182
 $20,758
Total assets $2,188,284
 $2,199,232
Long-term debt $1,502,154
 $1,462,031
Partners’ equity (4)
 $338,159
 $381,103

(4)As a master limited partnership, we distribute our available cash, which historically has exceeded our net income attributable to the partners because depreciation and amortization expense represents a non-cash charge against income. The result is a decline in partners’ equity since our regular quarterly distributions have exceeded our quarterly net income attributable to the partners. Additionally, if the assets contributed and acquired from HFC while we were a consolidated variable interest entity of HFC had been acquired from third parties, our acquisition cost in excess of HFC’s basis in the transferred assets would have been recorded in our financial statements as increases to our properties and equipment and intangible assets at the time of acquisition instead of decreases to partners’ equity.


Results of Operations—Three Months Ended March 31, 2020 Compared with Three Months Ended March 31, 2019

Summary
Net income attributable to the partners for the first quarter was $24.9 million ($0.24 per basic and diluted limited partner unit) compared to $51.2 million ($0.49 per basic and diluted limited partner unit) for the first quarter of 2019. The decrease in earnings is primarily due to a charge of $25.9 million related to the early redemption of our previously outstanding $500 million aggregate principal amount of 6% senior notes, due in 2024. Excluding the loss on early extinguishment of debt, net income attributable to the partners for the first quarter would have been $50.8 million ($0.48 per basic and diluted limited partner unit).

Revenues
Revenues for the first quarter were $127.9 million, a decrease of $6.6 million compared to the first quarter of 2019. The decrease was mainly attributable to lower pipeline volumes on our UNEV pipeline and our crude pipeline systems in Wyoming and Utah, which contributed to a decrease in overall pipeline volumes of 17%. In addition, revenues on our refinery processing units were higher in the first quarter of 2019 mainly due to an adjustment in revenue recognition recorded in that quarter.

Revenues from our refined product pipelines were $34.9 million, a decrease of $1.5 million compared to the first quarter of 2019. Shipments averaged 179.6 thousand barrels per day (“mbpd”) compared to 211.9 mbpd for the first quarter of 2019. The

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volume decrease was mainly due to lower volumes on pipelines servicing Delek's Big Spring refinery and our UNEV pipeline. The decrease in revenue was mainly due to the recording of certain pipeline tariffs as interest income as the related throughput contract renewal was determined to be a sales-type lease and lower volumes on our UNEV pipeline partially offset by higher revenues on product pipelines servicing HFC's Navajo refinery.

Revenues from our intermediate pipelines were $7.5 million, an increase of $0.2 million compared to the first quarter of 2019, due to higher throughput and contractual tariff escalators. Shipments averaged 142.1 mbpd for the first quarter of 2019 compared to 130.8 mbpd for the first quarter of 2019. The increase in volumes was mainly due to higher throughputs on our intermediate pipelines servicing HollyFrontier's Tulsa refinery.

Revenues from our crude pipelines were $28.1 million, a decrease of $3.4 million compared to the first quarter of 2019, and shipments averaged 397.2 mbpd compared to 527.3 mbpd for the first quarter of 2019. The decreases were mainly attributable to decreased volumes on our crude pipeline systems in New Mexico and Texas and on our crude pipeline systems in Wyoming and Utah.

Revenues from terminal, tankage and loading rack fees were $37.5 million, a decrease of $0.1 million compared to the first quarter of 2019. Refined products and crude oil terminalled in the facilities averaged 475.7 mbpd compared to 442.7 mbpd for the first quarter of 2019. The volume increase was mainly due to higher volumes at HFC's Tulsa and El Dorado refineries, our new Orla diesel rack and our Catoosa terminal while revenue remained constant mainly due to contractual minimum volume guarantees.

Revenues from refinery processing units were $19.9 million, a decrease of $1.9 million compared to the first quarter of 2019, and throughputs averaged 69.8 mbpd compared to 65.8 mbpd for the first quarter of 2019. Revenues were higher in the first quarter of 2019 primarily due to an adjustment in revenue recognition recorded in that quarter.

Operations Expense
Operations (exclusive of depreciation and amortization) expense was $35.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020, a decrease of $2.5 million compared to the first quarter of 2019. The decrease was mainly due to lower rental and maintenance costs for the three months ended March 31, 2020.

Depreciation and Amortization
Depreciation and amortization for the three months ended March 31, 2020 increased by $0.2 million compared to the three months ended March 31, 2019.

General and Administrative
General and administrative costs for the three months ended March 31, 2020 increased by $0.1 million compared to the three months ended March 31, 2019, mainly due to higher legal expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2020.

Equity in Earnings of Equity Method Investments
 Three Months Ended March 31,
Equity Method Investment2020 2019
 (in thousands)
Osage Pipe Line Company, LLC$1,014
 $505
Cheyenne Pipeline LLC1,075
 1,595
Cushing Terminal(375) 
Total$1,714
 $2,100

Equity in earnings of Osage Pipe Line Company, LLC increased for the three months ended March 31, 2020, mainly due to an insurance claim settlement related to a prior year environmental cleanup.

Interest Expense
Interest expense for the three months ended March 31, 2020, totaled $17.8 million, a decrease of $1.3 million compared to the three months ended March 31, 2019. The decrease was mainly due to market interest rate decreases under our senior secured revolving credit facility and refinancing our $500 million 6% Senior Notes with $500 million 5% Senior Notes. Our aggregate effective interest rates were 4.5% and 5.3% for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

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State Income Tax
We recorded a state income tax expense of $37,000 and $36,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. All tax expense is solely attributable to the Texas margin tax.


LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

Overview
We have a $1.4 billion senior secured revolving credit facility (the “Credit Agreement”) expiring in July 2022. The Credit Agreement is available to fund capital expenditures, investments, acquisitions, distribution payments and working capital and for general partnership purposes. The Credit Agreement is also available to fund letters of credit up to a $50 million sub-limit, and it contains an accordion feature giving us the ability to increase the size of the facility by up to $300 million with additional lender commitments.

During the three months ended March 31, 2020, we received advances totaling $112.0 million and repaid $67.0 million, resulting in a net increase of $45.0 million under the Credit Agreement and an outstanding balance of $1,010.5 million at March 31, 2020. As of March 31, 2020, we have no letters of credit outstanding under the Credit Agreement and the available capacity under the Credit Agreement was $389.5 million. Amounts repaid under the Credit Agreement may be reborrowed from time to time.
If any particular lender under the Credit Agreement could not honor its commitment, we believe the unused capacity that would be available from the remaining lenders would be sufficient to meet our borrowing needs. Additionally, we review publicly available information on the lenders in order to monitor their financial stability and assess their ongoing ability to honor their commitments under the Credit Agreement. We do not expect to experience any difficulty in the lenders’ ability to honor their respective commitments, and if it were to become necessary, we believe there would be alternative lenders or options available.
On February 4, 2020, we closed a private placement of $500 million in aggregate principal amount of 5% senior unsecured notes due in 2028 (the "5% Senior Notes"). On February 5, 2020, we redeemed the existing $500 million 6% Senior Notes at a redemption cost of $522.5 million, at which time we recognized a $25.9 million early extinguishment loss consisting of a $22.5 million debt redemption premium and unamortized financing costs of $3.4 million. We funded the $522.5 million redemption with proceeds from the issuance of our 5% Senior Notes and borrowings under our Credit Agreement.
We have a continuous offering program under which we may issue and sell common units from time to time, representing limited partner interests, up to an aggregate gross sales amount of $200 million. We did not issue any units under this program during the three months ended March 31, 2020. As of March 31, 2020, HEP has issued 2,413,153 units under this program, providing $82.3 million in gross proceeds.

Under our registration statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) using a “shelf” registration process, we currently have the authority to raise up to $2.0 billion by offering securities, through one or more prospectus supplements that would describe, among other things, the specific amounts, prices and terms of any securities offered and how the proceeds would be used. Any proceeds from the sale of securities would be used for general business purposes, which may include, among other things, funding acquisitions of assets or businesses, working capital, capital expenditures, investments in subsidiaries, the retirement of existing debt and/or the repurchase of common units or other securities.

We believe our current cash balances, future internally generated funds and funds available under the Credit Agreement will provide sufficient resources to meet our working capital liquidity needs for the foreseeable future.

In February 2020, we paid a regular cash distribution of $0.6725 on all units in an aggregate amount of $68.5 million after deducting HEP Logistics' waiver of $2.5 million of limited partner cash distributions. As noted above, we have reduced our quarterly distribution to $0.35 per unit commencing with the distribution payable on May 14, 2020.

Cash and cash equivalents increased by $6.0 million during the three months ended March 31, 2020. The cash flows provided by operating activities of $77.9 million were more than the cash flows used for financing activities of $51.1 million and investing activities of $20.9 million. Working capital increased by $5.4 million to $26.2 million at March 31, 2020, from $20.8 million at December 31, 2019.


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Cash Flows—Operating Activities
Cash flows from operating activities increased by $6.8 million from $71.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019, to $77.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020. The increase was mainly due to lower payments for operating and interest expenses during the three months ended March 31, 2020, as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2019.

Cash Flows—Investing Activities
Cash flows used for investing activities were $20.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020, compared to $10.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019, an increase of $10.6 million. During the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, we invested $18.9 million and $10.7 million in additions to properties and equipment, respectively. During the three months ended March 31, 2020, we invested $2.3 million in our equity method investment in Cushing Connect JV Terminal. We received no distributions in excess of equity in earnings during the three months ended March 31, 2020 and $0.4 million during the three months ended March 31, 2019.

Cash Flows—Financing Activities
Cash flows used for financing activities were $51.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020, compared to $52.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019, a decrease of $1.3 million. During the three months ended March 31, 2020, we received $112.0 million and repaid $67.0 million in advances under the Credit Agreement. Additionally, we paid $68.5 million in regular quarterly cash distributions to our limited partners and $3.0 million to our noncontrolling interest. We also received net proceeds of $491.5 million for issuance of our 5% Senior Notes and paid $522.5 million to retire our 6% Senior Notes. During the three months ended March 31, 2019, we received $104.0 million and repaid $85.0 million in advances under the Credit Agreement. We paid $68.0 million in regular quarterly cash distributions to our limited partners, and distributed $3.0 million to our noncontrolling interest.

Capital Requirements
Our pipeline and terminalling operations are capital intensive, requiring investments to maintain, expand, upgrade or enhance existing operations and to meet environmental and operational regulations. Our capital requirements have consisted of, and are expected to continue to consist of, maintenance capital expenditures and expansion capital expenditures. “Maintenance capital expenditures” represent capital expenditures to replace partially or fully depreciated assets to maintain the operating capacity of existing assets. Maintenance capital expenditures include expenditures required to maintain equipment reliability, tankage and pipeline integrity, safety and to address environmental regulations. “Expansion capital expenditures” represent capital expenditures to expand the operating capacity of existing or new assets, whether through construction or acquisition. Expansion capital expenditures include expenditures to acquire assets, to grow our business and to expand existing facilities, such as projects that increase throughput capacity on our pipelines and in our terminals. Repair and maintenance expenses associated with existing assets that are minor in nature and do not extend the useful life of existing assets are charged to operating expenses as incurred.

Each year the board of directors of HLS, our ultimate general partner, approves our annual capital budget, which specifies capital projects that our management is authorized to undertake. Additionally, at times when conditions warrant or as new opportunities arise, additional projects may be approved. The funds allocated for a particular capital project may be expended over a period in excess of a year, depending on the time required to complete the project. Therefore, our planned capital expenditures for a given year consist of expenditures approved for capital projects included in the current year’s capital budget as well as, in certain cases, expenditures approved for capital projects in capital budgets for prior years. The 2020 capital budget as well as our current forecast are comprised of approximately $8 million to $12 million for maintenance capital expenditures, $5 million to $7 million for refinery unit turnarounds and $45 million to $50 million for expansion capital expenditures and our share of Cushing Connect Joint Venture investments. We expect the majority of the 2020 expansion capital budget to be invested in our share of Cushing Connect Joint Venture investments. In addition to our capital budget, we may spend funds periodically to perform capital upgrades or additions to our assets where a customer reimburses us for such costs. The upgrades or additions would generally benefit the customer over the remaining life of the related service agreements.
We expect that our currently planned sustaining and maintenance capital expenditures, as well as expenditures for acquisitions and capital development projects, will be funded with cash generated by operations.

Under the terms of the transaction to acquire HFC’s 75% interest in UNEV, we issued to HFC a Class B unit comprising a noncontrolling equity interest in a wholly-owned subsidiary subject to redemption to the extent that HFC is entitled to a 50% interest in our share of annual UNEV earnings before interest, income taxes, depreciation, and amortization above $30 million beginning July 1, 2015, and ending in June 2032, subject to certain limitations. However, to the extent earnings thresholds are not achieved, no redemption payments are required. No redemption payments have been required to date.


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Credit Agreement
Our $1.4 billion Credit Agreement expires in July 2022. The Credit Agreement is available to fund capital expenditures, investments, acquisitions, distribution payments and working capital and for general partnership purposes. The Credit Agreement is also available to fund letters of credit up to a $50 million sub-limit, and it contains an accordion feature giving us the ability to increase the size of the facility by up to $300 million with additional lender commitments.

Our obligations under the Credit Agreement are collateralized by substantially all of our assets, and indebtedness under the Credit Agreement is guaranteed by our material, wholly-owned subsidiaries.  The Credit Agreement requires us to maintain compliance with certain financial covenants consisting of total leverage, senior secured leverage, and interest coverage.  It also limits or restricts our ability to engage in certain activities.  If, at any time prior to the expiration of the Credit Agreement, HEP obtains two investment grade credit ratings, the Credit Agreement will become unsecured and many of the covenants, limitations, and restrictions will be eliminated.

We may prepay all loans at any time without penalty, except for tranche breakage costs.  If an event of default exists under the Credit Agreement, the lenders will be able to accelerate the maturity of all loans outstanding and exercise other rights and remedies.  We were in compliance with all covenants as of March 31, 2020.

Senior Notes
As of December 31, 2019, we had $500 million in aggregate principal amount of 6% Senior Notes due in 2024 (the “ 6% Senior Notes”).

On February 4, 2020, we closed a private placement of $500 million in aggregate principal amount of 5% senior unsecured notes due in 2028 (the "5% Senior Notes"). On February 5, 2020, we redeemed the existing $500 million 6% Senior Notes at a redemption cost of $522.5 million, at which time we recognized a $25.9 million early extinguishment loss consisting of a $22.5 million debt redemption premium and unamortized financing costs of $3.4 million. We funded the $522.5 million redemption with proceeds from the issuance of our 5% Senior Notes and borrowings under our Credit Agreement.

The 5% Senior Notes are unsecured and impose certain restrictive covenants, including limitations on our ability to incur additional indebtedness, make investments, sell assets, incur certain liens, pay distributions, enter into transactions with affiliates, and enter into mergers. We were in compliance with the restrictive covenants for the 5% Senior Notes as of March 31, 2020. At any time when the 5% Senior Notes are rated investment grade by either Moody’s or Standard & Poor’s and no default or event of default exists, we will not be subject to many of the foregoing covenants. Additionally, we have certain redemption rights at varying premiums over face value under the 5% Senior Notes.

Indebtedness under the 5% Senior Notes is guaranteed by all of our existing wholly-owned subsidiaries (other than Holly Energy Finance Corp. and certain immaterial subsidiaries).


Long-term Debt
The carrying amounts of our long-term debt are as follows:
  March 31,
2020
 December 31,
2019
  (In thousands)
Credit Agreement 1,010,500
 $965,500
     
6% Senior Notes    
Principal 
 500,000
Unamortized debt issuance costs 
 (3,469)
  
 496,531
     
5% Senior Notes    
Principal 500,000
 
Unamortized debt issuance costs (8,346) 
  491,654
 
     
Total long-term debt $1,502,154
 $1,462,031


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Contractual Obligations
There were no significant changes to our long-term contractual obligations during this period.

Impact of Inflation
Inflation in the United States has been relatively moderate in recent years and did not have a material impact on our results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019. PPI has increased an average of 0.6% annually over the past five calendar years, including increases of 0.8% and 3.1% in 2019 and 2018, respectively.

The substantial majority of our revenues are generated under long-term contracts that provide for increases or decreases in our rates and minimum revenue guarantees annually for increases or decreases in the PPI. Certain of these contracts have provisions that limit the level of annual PPI percentage rate increases or decreases. A significant and prolonged period of high inflation or a significant and prolonged period of negative inflation could adversely affect our cash flows and results of operations if costs increase at a rate greater than the fees we charge our shippers.

Environmental Matters
Our operation of pipelines, terminals, and associated facilities in connection with the transportation and storage of refined products and crude oil is subject to stringent and complex federal, state, and local laws and regulations governing the discharge of materials into the environment, or otherwise relating to the protection of the environment. As with the industry generally, compliance with existing and anticipated laws and regulations increases our overall cost of business, including our capital costs to construct, maintain, and upgrade equipment and facilities. While these laws and regulations affect our maintenance capital expenditures and net income, we believe that they do not affect our competitive position given that the operations of our competitors are similarly affected. However, these laws and regulations, and the interpretation or enforcement thereof, are subject to frequent change by regulatory authorities, and we are unable to predict the ongoing cost to us of complying with these laws and regulations or the future impact of these laws and regulations on our operations. Violation of environmental laws, regulations, and permits can result in the imposition of significant administrative, civil and criminal penalties, injunctions, and construction bans or delays. A major discharge of hydrocarbons or hazardous substances into the environment could, to the extent the event is not insured, subject us to substantial expense, including both the cost to comply with applicable laws and regulations and claims made by employees, neighboring landowners and other third parties for personal injury and property damage.

Under the Omnibus Agreement and certain transportation agreements and purchase agreements with HFC, HFC has agreed to indemnify us, subject to certain monetary and time limitations, for environmental noncompliance and remediation liabilities associated with certain assets transferred to us from HFC and occurring or existing prior to the date of such transfers.
We have an environmental agreement with Delek with respect to pre-closing environmental costs and liabilities relating to the pipelines and terminals acquired from Delek in 2005, under which Delek will indemnify us subject to certain monetary and time limitations.

There are environmental remediation projects in progress that relate to certain assets acquired from HFC. Certain of these projects were underway prior to our purchase and represent liabilities retained by HFC. At March 31, 2020, we had an accrual of $5.5 million that related to environmental clean-up projects for which we have assumed liability or for which the indemnity provided for by HFC has expired or will expire. The remaining projects, including assessment and monitoring activities, are covered under the HFC environmental indemnification discussed above and represent liabilities of HFC.


CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Our discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based upon our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities as of the date of the financial statements. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions. Our significant accounting policies are described in “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Operations—Critical Accounting Policies” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019. Certain critical accounting policies that materially affect the amounts recorded in our consolidated financial statements include revenue recognition, assessing the possible impairment of certain long-lived assets and goodwill, and assessing contingent liabilities for probable losses. There have been no changes to these policies in 2020. We consider these policies to be the most critical to understanding the judgments that are involved and the uncertainties that could impact our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows.


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Accounting Pronouncements Adopted During the Periods Presented

Goodwill Impairment Testing
In January 2017, Accounting Standard Update (“ASU”) 2017-04, “Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment,” was issued amending the testing for goodwill impairment by eliminating Step 2 from the goodwill impairment test. Step 2 measures a goodwill impairment loss by comparing the implied fair value of a reporting unit’s goodwill with the carrying amount of that goodwill. Under this standard, goodwill impairment is measured as the excess of the carrying amount of the reporting unit over the related fair value. We adopted this standard effective in the second quarter of 2019, and the adoption of this standard had no effect on our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

Leases
In February 2016, ASU No. 2016-02, “Leases” (“ASC 842”) was issued requiring leases to be measured and recognized as a lease liability, with a corresponding right-of-use asset on the balance sheet. We adopted this standard effective January 1, 2019, and we elected to adopt using the modified retrospective transition method, whereby comparative prior period financial information will not be restated and will continue to be reported under the lease accounting standard in effect during those periods. We also elected practical expedients provided by the new standard, including the package of practical expedients and the short-term lease recognition practical expedient, which allows an entity to not recognize on the balance sheet leases with a term of 12 months or less. Upon adoption of this standard, we recognized $78.4 million of lease liabilities and corresponding right-of-use assets on our consolidated balance sheet. Adoption of the standard did not have a material impact on our results of operations or cash flows. See Notes 3 and 4 of Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information on our lease policies.

Credit Losses Measurement
In June 2016, ASU 2016-13, “Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments,” was issued requiring measurement of all expected credit losses for certain types of financial instruments, including trade receivables, held at the reporting date based on historical experience, current conditions and reasonable and supportable forecasts. This standard was effective January 1, 2020. Adoption of the standard did not have a material impact on our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

RISK MANAGEMENT

The market risk inherent in our debt positions is the potential change arising from increases or decreases in interest rates as discussed below.

At March 31, 2020, we had an outstanding principal balance of $500 million on our 5% Senior Notes. A change in interest rates generally would affect the fair value of the 5% Senior Notes, but not our earnings or cash flows. At March 31, 2020, the fair value of our 5% Senior Notes was $416.8 million. We estimate a hypothetical 10% change in the yield-to-maturity applicable to the 5% Senior Notes at March 31, 2020 would result in a change of approximately $21 million in the fair value of the underlying 5% Senior Notes.

For the variable rate Credit Agreement, changes in interest rates would affect cash flows, but not the fair value. At March 31, 2020, borrowings outstanding under the Credit Agreement were $1,010.5 million. A hypothetical 10% change in interest rates applicable to the Credit Agreement would not materially affect our cash flows.

Our operations are subject to normal hazards of operations, including fire, explosion and weather-related perils. We maintain various insurance coverages, including business interruption insurance, subject to certain deductibles. We are not fully insured against certain risks because such risks are not fully insurable, coverage is unavailable, or premium costs, in our judgment, do not justify such expenditures.

We have a risk management oversight committee that is made up of members from our senior management.  This committee monitors our risk environment and provides direction for activities to mitigate, to an acceptable level, identified risks that may adversely affect the achievement of our goals.


Item 3.Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

Market risk is the risk of loss arising from adverse changes in market rates and prices. See “Risk Management” under “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” for a discussion of market risk exposures that we have with respect to our long-term debt, which disclosure should be read in conjunction with the quantitative and qualitative disclosures about market risk contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019.


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Since we do not own products shipped on our pipelines or terminalled at our terminal facilities, we do not have direct market risks associated with commodity prices.


Item 4.Controls and Procedures

(a) Evaluation of disclosure controls and procedures
Our principal executive officer and principal financial officer have evaluated, as required by Rule 13a-15(b) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”), our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act) as of the end of the period covered by this quarterly report on Form 10-Q. Our disclosure controls and procedures are designed to provide reasonable assurance that the information we are required to disclose in the reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure and is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms. Based upon the evaluation, our principal executive officer and principal financial officer have concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of March 31, 2020, at a reasonable level of assurance.

(b) Changes in internal control over financial reporting
During the three months ended March 31, 2020, there have been no changes in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) under the Exchange Act) that occurred during our last fiscal quarter that have materially affected or are reasonably likely to materially affect our internal control over financial reporting.



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PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1.Legal Proceedings

In the ordinary course of business, we may become party to legal, regulatory or administrative proceedings or governmental investigations, including environmental and other matters. Damages or penalties may be sought from us in some matters and certain matters may require years to resolve.  While the outcome and impact of these proceedings and investigations on us cannot be predicted with certainty, based on advice of counsel and information currently available to us, management believes that the resolution of these proceedings and investigations, through settlement or adverse judgment, will not, either individually or in the aggregate, have a materially adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

 

Item 1A.Risk Factors

Except as disclosed below, there have been no material changes in our risk factors as previously disclosed in Part 1, “Item 1A. Risk Factors” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019. In addition to the other information set forth in this quarterly report, you should consider carefully the factors discussed in our 2019 Form 10-K, which could materially affect our business, financial condition or future results. The risks described below and in our 2019 Form 10-K are not the only risks we face. Additional risks and uncertainties not currently known to us or that we currently deem to be immaterial may also materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition or future results.

Our business depends on hydrocarbon supply and demand fundamentals, which can be adversely affected by numerous factors outside of our control, including the widespread outbreak of an illness, pandemic (like COVID-19) or any other public health crisis.
Our business depends in large part on the demand for the various petroleum products we transport, terminal and store in the markets we serve. COVID-19’s spread across the globe and government regulations in response thereto have negatively affected worldwide economic and commercial activity, reduced global demand for oil, gas and refined products, and created significant volatility and disruption of financial and commodity markets. Other factors expected to impact crude oil supply include production levels implemented by OPEC members, other large oil producers such as Russia and domestic and Canadian oil producers. This combination of events has contributed to a sharp drop in the demand for crude oil and refined products.
In addition, the volumes of crude oil or refined products we transport, terminal or store will depend on many factors outside of our control, some of which include:
changes in domestic demand for, and the marketability of, refined products, and in turn, for crude oil and its transportation, due to governmental regulations, including travel bans and restrictions, quarantines, shelter in place orders, and shutdowns;
the ability of HFC, our other customers or our joint ventures’ other customers to fulfill their respective contractual obligations or any material reduction in, or loss of, revenue from our customers or our joint ventures’ customers;
increased price volatility, including the prices our customers or our joint ventures’ customers pay for crude oil and other raw materials and receive for their refined and finished lubricant products;
the health of our workforce, including contractors and subcontractors, and their access to our facilities, which could result in a shutdown of our facilities if a significant portion of the workforce at a facility is impacted or if a significant portion of the workforce in our control room is impacted;
the ability or willingness of our or our joint ventures’ current vendors and suppliers to provide the equipment or parts for our or our joint ventures’ operations or otherwise fulfill their contractual obligations, potentially causing our delay or failure in construction projects or to deliver crude oil or refined products on a timely basis or at all;
increased potential for the occurrence of operational hazards, including terrorism, cyberattacks or domestic vandalism, as well as information system failures or communication network disruptions;
increasing cost and reduced availability of capital for additional liquidity, growth or capital expenditures;
delay by government authorities in issuing permits necessary for our business or our capital projects;
increasing costs of operation in relation to the COVID-19 outbreak, which costs may not be fully recoverable or adequately covered by insurance; and
the impact of any economic downturn, recession or other disruption of the U.S. and global economies and financial and commodity markets.


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The spread of COVID-19 has caused us to significantly modify our business practices (including limiting employee and contractor presence at our work locations and to sequester employees critical to the operation of our control room), and we may take further actions as may be required by government authorities or that we determine are in the best interests of our employees, contractors, customers, suppliers and communities. There is no certainty that such measures will be sufficient to mitigate the risks posed by the virus, and our ability to perform critical functions could be adversely impacted.
As the potential effects of COVID-19 are difficult to predict, the duration of any potential business disruption or the extent to which it may negatively affect our operating results or our liquidity is uncertain. We are monitoring the situation to assess further possible implications to our business and to take actions in an effort to mitigate adverse consequences. Any potential impact will depend on future developments and new information that may emerge regarding the spread, severity and duration of the COVID-19 pandemic and the actions taken by authorities to contain it or treat its impact, all of which are beyond our control. In addition, if the volatility and seasonality in the oil and gas industry were to increase, the demand for our services may decline. We are monitoring the situation to assess further possible implications to our business and to take actions in an effort to mitigate adverse consequences. These potential effects, while uncertain, could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and/or cash flows, as well as our ability to pay distributions to our common unitholders.


Item 6.Exhibits

The Exhibit Index on page 44 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q lists the exhibits that are filed or furnished, as applicable, as part of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.


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Exhibit Index
Exhibit
Number
 Description
   
3.1 
3.2 
3.3 
3.4 
3.5 
3.6 
4.1 
4.2 
31.1* 
31.2* 
32.1** 
32.2** 
101++ The following financial information from Holly Energy Partners, L.P.’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2020 formatted in iXBRL (Inline Extensible Business Reporting Language): (i) Consolidated Balance Sheets, (ii) Consolidated Statements of Income, (iii) Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income, (iv) Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, (v) Consolidated Statement of Partners’ Equity, and (vi) Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements. The instance document does not appear in the interactive data file because its XBRL tags are embedded within the inline XBRL document.
104 Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101).


*Filed herewith.
 **Furnished herewith.
++Filed electronically herewith.


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HOLLY ENERGY PARTNERS, L.P.
SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
 HOLLY ENERGY PARTNERS, L.P.
 (Registrant)
   
  
By: HEP LOGISTICS HOLDINGS, L.P.
its General Partner
   
  
By: HOLLY LOGISTIC SERVICES, L.L.C.
its General Partner
   
Date: May 7, 2020 /s/    John Harrison
  John Harrison
  
Senior Vice President,
Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer
(Principal Financial Officer)
   
Date: May 7, 2020 /s/    Kenneth P. Norwood
  Kenneth P. Norwood
  
Vice President and Controller
(Principal Accounting Officer)
 


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