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Macquarie Infrastructure (MIC)

Filed: 31 Oct 18, 5:24pm

 

 

 

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549



 

FORM 10-Q



 

 
(Mark One)
x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the Quarterly Period Ended September 30, 2018

OR

 
o TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the Transition Period from          to           

Commission File Number: 001-32384



 

MACQUARIE INFRASTRUCTURE CORPORATION

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)



 

 
Delaware 43-2052503
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)
 (IRS Employer
Identification No.)

125 West 55th Street
New York, New York 10019

(Address of Principal Executive Offices) (Zip Code)

(212) 231-1000

(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)

(Former Name, Former Address and Former Fiscal Year if Changed Since Last Report):N/A



 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.Yesx Noo

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yesx Noo

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company”, and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

  
Large Accelerated Filerx Accelerated Filero   
Non-accelerated Filero Smaller Reporting Companyo Emerging Growth Companyo

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yeso Nox

There were 85,640,118 shares of common stock, with $0.001 par value, outstanding at October 30, 2018.

 

 


 
 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

MACQUARIE INFRASTRUCTURE CORPORATION
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS

Macquarie Infrastructure Corporation is not an authorized deposit-taking institution for the purposes of the Banking Act 1959 (Commonwealth of Australia) and its obligations do not represent deposits or other liabilities of Macquarie Bank Limited ABN 46 008 583 542 (MBL). MBL does not guarantee or otherwise provide assurance in respect of the obligations of Macquarie Infrastructure Corporation.

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Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

In addition to historical information, this quarterly report on Form 10-Q (Quarterly Report) contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, Section 27A of the Securities Act and Section 21E of the Exchange Act. Forward-looking statements may appear throughout this Quarterly Report, including without limitation, the “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” section. We use words such as “believe”, “intend”, “expect”, “anticipate”, “plan”, “may”, “will”, “should”, “estimate”, “potential”, “project” and similar expressions to identify forward-looking statements. Such statements include, among others, those concerning our expected financial performance and strategic and operational plans, as well as all assumptions, expectations, predictions, intentions or beliefs about future events. You are cautioned that any such forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and that a number of risks and uncertainties could cause actual results to differ materially from those anticipated in the forward-looking statements. Such risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, the risks identified in our Annual Report on the Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, and in other reports we file from time to time with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).

Given the risks and uncertainties surrounding forward-looking statements, you should not place undue reliance on these statements. Many of these factors are beyond our ability to control or predict. Our forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this Quarterly Report. Other than as required by law, we undertake no obligation to update or revise forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

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PART I
 
FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following discussion of the financial condition and results of operations of Macquarie Infrastructure Corporation (MIC) should be read in conjunction with the consolidated condensed financial statements and the notes to those statements included elsewhere herein.

MIC is a Delaware corporation formed on May 21, 2015. MIC’s predecessor, Macquarie Infrastructure Company LLC, was formed on April 13, 2004. Except as otherwise specified, all references in this Form 10-Q to “MIC”, “we”, “us”, and “our” refer to Macquarie Infrastructure Corporation and its subsidiaries.

MIC is externally managed by Macquarie Infrastructure Management (USA) Inc. (our Manager), pursuant to the terms of a Management Services Agreement, that is subject to the oversight and supervision of our Board of Directors. The majority of the members of our Board of Directors, and each member of all Board Committees, is independent and has no affiliation with Macquarie. Our Manager is a member of the Macquarie Group of companies comprising the Macquarie Group Limited and its subsidiaries and affiliates worldwide. Macquarie Group Limited is headquartered in Australia and is listed on the Australian Securities Exchange.

We currently own and operate a diversified portfolio of businesses that provide services to other businesses, government agencies and individuals primarily in the U.S. The businesses we own and operate are organized into four segments:

International-Matex Tank Terminals (IMTT):   a business providing bulk liquid terminalling to third parties at 17 terminals in the U.S. and two in Canada;
Atlantic Aviation:   a provider of fuel, terminal, aircraft hangaring and other services primarily to owners and operators of general aviation (GA) jet aircraft at 70 airports throughout the U.S.;
Contracted Power:   comprising controlling interests in wind and solar facilities in the U.S.; and
MIC Hawaii:   comprising an energy company that processes and distributes gas and provides related services (Hawaii Gas) and several smaller businesses collectively engaged in efforts to reduce the cost and improve the reliability and sustainability of energy in Hawaii.

Through October 12, 2018, our Contracted Power business also included a gas-fired facility. See “Recent Developments” below for further information.

Our businesses generally operate in sectors with barriers to entry including high initial development and construction costs, contracted revenues or the requirement to obtain government approvals and a lack of immediate cost-effective alternatives to the services provided. Collectively, they tend to generate sustainable, stable and growing cash flows over the long-term.

Overview

Use of Non-GAAP measures

In addition to our results under U.S. GAAP, we use certain non-GAAP measures to assess the performance and prospects of our businesses. In particular, we use EBITDA excluding non-cash items, Free Cash Flow and certain proportionately combined financial metrics. Proportionately combined financial metrics reflect our proportionate interest in our wind and solar facilities.

We measure EBITDA excluding non-cash items as it reflects our businesses’ ability to effectively manage the volume of products sold or services provided, the operating margin earned on those transactions and the management of operating expenses independent of the capitalization and tax attributes of those businesses.

In analyzing the financial performance of our businesses, we focus primarily on cash generation and Free Cash Flow in particular. We believe investors use Free Cash Flow as a measure of our ability to sustain and potentially increase our quarterly cash dividend and to fund a portion of our growth.

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See “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Results of Operations — Consolidated — Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization (EBITDA) excluding non-cash items, Free Cash Flow and Proportionately Combined Metrics” for further information on our calculation of EBITDA excluding non-cash items, Free Cash Flow and our proportionately combined metrics and for reconciliations of non-GAAP measures to the most comparable GAAP measures.

At IMTT, we focus on providing bulk liquid storage, handling and other services to customers who place a premium on ease of access and operational flexibility. The substantial majority of IMTT’s revenue is generated pursuant to “take-or-pay” contracts providing access to storage tank capacity and ancillary services over a revenue weighted average remaining contract life of 2.0 years.

At Atlantic Aviation, our focus is on attracting and maintaining relationships with GA aircraft owners and pilots and encouraging them to purchase fuel and other services from our fixed based operations (FBOs). Atlantic Aviation’s gross margin is positively correlated with the number of GA flight movements in the U.S. and the business’ ability to service a portion of the aircraft involved in those operations.

The businesses that comprise our Contracted Power segment generate revenue by producing and selling electric power pursuant primarily to long-dated power purchase agreements (PPAs).

MIC Hawaii comprises Hawaii Gas and several smaller businesses collectively engaged in efforts to reduce the cost and improve the reliability and sustainability of energy in Hawaii. The businesses of MIC Hawaii generate revenue primarily from the provision of gas services to commercial, residential and governmental customers; the generation of power and the design and construction of building mechanical systems.

Dividends

Since January 1, 2017, MIC has paid or declared the following dividends:

    
          Declared
 Period Covered $ per Share Record Date Payable Date
October 30, 2018
  Third quarter 2018  $1.00   November 12, 2018   November 15, 2018 
July 31, 2018
  Second quarter 2018   1.00   August 13, 2018   August 16, 2018 
May 1, 2018
  First quarter 2018   1.00   May 14, 2018   May 17, 2018 
February 19, 2018
  Fourth quarter 2017   1.44   March 5, 2018   March 8, 2018 
October 30, 2017
  Third quarter 2017   1.42   November 13, 2017   November 16, 2017 
August 1, 2017
  Second quarter 2017   1.38   August 14, 2017   August 17, 2017 
May 2, 2017
  First quarter 2017   1.32   May 15, 2017   May 18, 2017 
February 17, 2017
  Fourth quarter 2016   1.31   March 3, 2017   March 8, 2017 

We currently intend to maintain, and where possible, increase our quarterly cash dividend to our shareholders. The MIC Board has authorized a quarterly cash dividend of $1.00 per share for the quarter ended September 30, 2018. MIC has been structured to provide investors with an opportunity to generate an attractive “total return” and we intend to distribute the majority of the cash generated from operations by our businesses as a quarterly dividend.

Our board of directors regularly reviews our dividend policy and payout ratio. In determining whether to adjust the amount of our quarterly dividend, our board will take into account such matters as the state of the capital markets and general business and economic conditions, the Company’s financial condition, results of operations, indebtedness levels, capital requirements, capital opportunities and any contractual, legal and regulatory restrictions on the payment of dividends by the Company to its stockholders or by its subsidiaries to the Company, and any other factors that it deems relevant, subject to maintaining a prudent level of reserves and without creating undue volatility in the amount of such dividends where possible. Moreover, the Company’s senior secured credit facility and the debt commitments at our businesses contain restrictions that may limit the Company’s ability to pay dividends. Although historically we have declared cash dividends on our shares, any or all of these or other factors could result in the modification of our dividend policy, or the reduction, modification or elimination of our dividend in the future.

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Recent Developments

BEC Sale

On July 27, 2018, we entered into an agreement to sell 100% of Bayonne Energy Center (BEC) to NHIP II Bayonne Holdings LLC. On October 12, 2018, we concluded the sale of BEC and received cash of $657.4 million, net of the assumption of the outstanding debt balance of $243.5 million by the buyer and subject to post-closing working capital adjustments resulting in a preliminary pre-tax gain of approximately $5.0 million. Any such adjustments could result in an adjustment to the expected gain. Any adjustment is not expected to be significant. We incurred approximately $10.0 million in professional fees in relation to this transaction of which approximately $3.0 million have been recorded through September 30, 2018. We have guaranteed our subsidiary’s payment and certain post-closing indemnity obligations under the purchase agreement.

During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, BEC contributed approximately $42.0 million of EBITDA excluding non-cash items to the results of the Contracted Power segment. This excludes the warranty settlement from its turbine manufacturer. See “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Results of Operations — Contracted Power” for further discussions.

We have used the proceeds from the sale of BEC and cash on hand to pay down the majority of the outstanding balances on our and our businesses’ revolving credit facilities. The repayment of our revolving credit facilities has strengthened our balance sheet and increased our financial flexibility. We may redraw these facilities in the future, other than $150.0 million of debt we repaid at IMTT that we do not expect to redraw, to fund a portion of our planned growth capital deployments. For further discussions on use of BEC proceeds, see “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Liquidity and Capital Resource — Financing Activities”.

Strategic Review

We continue to review strategic options available to us, including with respect to certain other, smaller businesses in our portfolio in an effort to rationalize our portfolio and enhance the infrastructure characteristics of our businesses. Consistent with this, we commenced a sale process for Critchfield Pacific Inc. (CPI), the design build mechanical contractor that comprises part of our MIC Hawaii segment. Subsequent to quarter end, we reached an agreement to sell the business for a nominal sum in a transaction that we expect will close before the end of the year.

Prior to the execution of the sales agreement, we wrote-down the value of our investment in CPI to reflect its underperformance. During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, CPI had made negative contributions to EBITDA excluding non-cash items. This write-down of approximately $30.0 million consists of fixed asset and intangible assets of approximately $9.0 million, as well as a reserve for certain contract related amounts in other current liabilities and other expenses.

In October 2018, we commenced a sale process involving the majority of the assets in our portfolio of wind and solar facilities. We believe a sale of these assets and the redeployment of the proceeds will maximize value relative to attempting to continue to expand the portfolio through acquisitions. We expect to retain two of our solar facilities and to maintain our two existing relationships with developers of renewable power opportunities. The sale process is expected to be concluded in the second quarter of 2019.

Manager Waiver of Base Management Fees

Effective November 1, 2018, our Manager has elected to waive two portions of the base management fee to which it is entitled under the terms of the Managements Services Agreement between us. In effect, this waiver caps the base management fee at 1% of our equity market capitalization and eliminates fees on any debt we have or may incur at our holding company. Although MIMUSA reserves the right to revoke the fee waiver and revert to the prior terms of the agreement subject to providing the Company with not less than a one year notice, MIC believes MIMUSA has no current intent to do so. A revocation of the waiver would not trigger a recapture of previously waived fees. The waivers result in a reduction in the fees paid to the Manager of approximately $10.0 million per year based on the Company’s market value and capital structure at the end of the third quarter.

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New Independent Board Members

On September 5, 2018, we expanded our Board of Directors from seven to nine members and elected two new independent directors, Amanda Brock, the chief operating officer of Solaris Water Midstream, and Maria Jelescu Dreyfus, the chief executive officer of Ardinall Investment Management. In addition, Christopher Frost, our chief executive officer, was elected to the board upon the retirement as a director of our former chief executive officer, James Hooke.

Results of Operations

Consolidated

Our consolidated results reflect a decrease in the contribution from IMTT primarily as a result of the non-renewal of certain contracts for bulk liquid storage and handling services and the absence of deferred revenue recognized in 2017 in connection with the termination of a construction project. These were partially offset by contributions from an acquisition of a portfolio of storage terminals completed in the third quarter of 2017.

Our consolidated results also reflect increased contributions from our Atlantic Aviation and Contracted Power businesses. Atlantic Aviation benefited from contributions from acquisitions, together with the operational leverage inherent in the business, partially offset by decreases in GA flight activity at certain of the airports on which the business operates. The improved contribution from Contracted Power was the result of the BEC plant expansion coming on line and improved wind and solar resources.

MIC Hawaii’s contribution declined primarily as a result of the underperformance of CPI, and the write-down of our investment in that business, together with cost increases at Hawaii Gas. These were partially offset by incremental revenue and EBITDA excluding non-cash items generated by Hawaii Gas in the third quarter as a result of interim rate relief granted by the Hawaii Public Utilities Commission (HPUC) in a general rate case on behalf of the regulated portion of the business at the end of June. The Final Decision and Order could potentially include an unfavorable rate adjustment which may have a retroactive impact on revenues since the Interim Decision and Order.

Results for the third quarter of 2018 also reflect the absence of implementation costs incurred in 2017 related to our shared services facility, but reflects the associated benefit of reductions in procurement costs in 2018. The absence of these expenses was partially offset by the cost of advisory and other services in connection with addressing shareholder matters in 2018.

Capital deployed into acquisitions by each of IMTT and Atlantic Aviation in 2017, as well as growth investments generally, contributed to revenue and EBITDA exluding non-cash items to our overall results in the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018.

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Results of Operations: Consolidated – (continued)

Our consolidated results of operations are as follows:

        
 Quarter Ended
September 30,
 Change
Favorable/
(Unfavorable)
 Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 Change
Favorable/
(Unfavorable)
   2018 2017 $ % 2018 2017 $ %
   ($ In Thousands, Except Share and Per Share Data) (Unaudited)
Revenue
                                        
Service revenue $361,031  $358,220   2,811   0.8  $1,139,637  $1,067,069   72,568   6.8 
Product revenue  112,249   94,841   17,408   18.4   313,279   276,439   36,840   13.3 
Total revenue  473,280   453,061   20,219   4.5   1,452,916   1,343,508   109,408   8.1 
Costs and expenses
                                        
Cost of services  166,694   153,218   (13,476  (8.8  533,889   455,038   (78,851  (17.3
Cost of product sales  47,823   35,669   (12,154  (34.1  148,372   123,143   (25,229  (20.5
Selling, general and administrative  86,487   84,898   (1,589  (1.9  262,371   244,817   (17,554  (7.2
Fees to Manager-related party  12,333   17,954   5,621   31.3   36,113   54,610   18,497   33.9 
Goodwill impairment  3,215      (3,215  NM   3,215      (3,215  NM 
Depreciation  56,924   58,009   1,085   1.9   179,368   172,753   (6,615  (3.8
Amortization of intangibles  20,030   17,329   (2,701  (15.6  55,470   50,920   (4,550  (8.9
Total operating expenses  393,506   367,077   (26,429  (7.2  1,218,798   1,101,281   (117,517  (10.7
Operating income  79,774   85,984   (6,210  (7.2  234,118   242,227   (8,109  (3.3
Other income (expense)
                                        
Interest income  113   54   59   109.3   304   129   175   135.7 
Interest expense(1)  (32,616  (29,291  (3,325  (11.4  (81,693  (90,129  8,436   9.4 
Other (expense) income,
net
  (18,011  4,973   (22,984  NM   (11,721  7,893   (19,614  NM 
Net income before income taxes  29,260   61,720   (32,460  (52.6  141,008   160,120   (19,112  (11.9
Provision for income taxes  (7,884  (25,547  17,663   69.1   (36,558  (65,284  28,726   44.0 
Net income $21,376  $36,173   (14,797  (40.9 $104,450  $94,836   9,614��  10.1 
Less: net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests  (328  (3,922  (3,594  (91.6  (32,454  (7,294  25,160   NM 
Net income attributable to MIC $21,704  $40,095   (18,391  (45.9 $136,904  $102,130   34,774   34.0 
Basic income per share attributable to MIC $0.25  $0.48   (0.23  (47.9 $1.61  $1.23   0.38   30.9 
Weighted average number of shares outstanding: basic  85,378,088   83,644,806   1,733,282   2.1   85,095,956   82,743,285   2,352,671   2.8 

NM — Not meaningful

(1)Interest expense includes gains on derivative instruments of $4.8 million and $25.8 million for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively. For the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2017, interest expense includes losses on derivative instruments of $162,000 and $6.9 million, respectively.

Revenue

Consolidated revenues increased for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018 compared with the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2017 primarily as a result of, (i) an increase in the wholesale cost of jet fuel sold at Atlantic Aviation; (ii) an increase in the volume and the wholesale cost of propane and synthetic natural gas sold at Hawaii Gas; (iii) increased capacity and power production by our Contracted Power businesses; and, (iv) contributions from acquisitions. The increase in revenue for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 was partially offset by the absence of deferred revenue recognized in 2017 in connection with the termination of a construction project at IMTT.

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Results of Operations: Consolidated – (continued)

Cost of Services and Product Sales

Consolidated cost of services and product sales increased for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018 compared with the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2017 primarily due to, (i) an increase in the wholesale cost of jet fuel at Atlantic Aviation; (ii) an increase in the wholesale cost of propane and synthetic natural gas and lower margins at MIC Hawaii; and, (iii) incremental costs associated with various acquisitions and developments. The changes in consolidated cost of services and product sales also reflect unrealized gains and losses on commodity hedges, principally propane, at Hawaii Gas (see “Results of Operations — MIC Hawaii” below).

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses

Selling, general and administrative expenses increased for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018 compared with the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2017 primarily due to, (i) incremental costs associated with acquired and developed businesses; and (ii) approximately $3.0 million of costs incurred for advisory services in connection with addressing shareholder matters. The increases in selling, general and administrative expenses were partially offset by the absence of costs incurred during 2017 in connection with the implementation of our shared services center and lower costs during the third quarter of 2018 in connection with the evaluation of various investment and acquisition/disposition opportunities.

Fees to Manager

Our Manager is entitled to a monthly base management fee based primarily on our market capitalization and potentially a quarterly performance fee based on total stockholder returns relative to a U.S. utilities index. For the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018, we incurred base management fees of $12.3 million and $36.1 million, respectively, compared with $17.9 million and $54.6 million for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2017, respectively. No performance fees were incurred in any of the above periods. The unpaid portion of base management fees and performance fees, if any, at the end of each reporting period is included in the line item Due to Manager-related party in our consolidated condensed balance sheets.

In all of the periods shown below, our Manager elected to reinvest any fees to which it was entitled in additional shares. In accordance with the Third Amended and Restated Management Services Agreement, our Manager has currently elected to reinvest future base management fees and performance fees, if any, in new primary shares.

   
Period Base
Management
Fee Amount
($ in Thousands)
 Performance
Fee Amount
($ in Thousands)
 Shares
Issued
2018 Activities:
               
Third quarter 2018 $12,333  $  —   269,286(1) 
Second quarter 2018  10,852      277,053 
First quarter 2018  12,928      265,002 
2017 Activities:
               
Fourth quarter 2017 $16,778  $   248,162 
Third quarter 2017  17,954      240,674 
Second quarter 2017  18,433      233,394 
First quarter 2017  18,223      232,398 

(1)Our Manager elected to reinvest all of the monthly base management fees for the third quarter of 2018 in shares. We issued 269,286 shares for the quarter ended September 30, 2018, including 89,542 shares that were issued in October 2018 for the September 2018 monthly base management fee.

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Results of Operations: Consolidated – (continued)

Goodwill Impairment

During the quarter ended September 30, 2018, we wrote-off the goodwill balance related to CPI.

Depreciation

Depreciation expense decreased for the quarter ended September 30, 2018 compared with the quarter ended September 30, 2017 primarily due to the fact that BEC’s assets were no longer depreciated once it was classified as held for sale. The decrease was partially offset by the write-down of fixed assets at CPI and the increase in depreciation expense related to acquisitions and assets placed in service.

Depreciation expense increased for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 compared with the nine months ended September 30, 2017 primarily due to write-down of fixed assets at CPI and the increase in depreciation expense related to acquisitions and assets placed in service. These increases were partially offset by the decrease in depreciation expense due to the fact that BEC’s assets were no longer depreciated once it was classified as held for sale.

Amortization of Intangibles

Amortization of intangibles increased for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018 compared with the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2017 primarily due to write-off of intangible assets at CPI. The increase was partially offset by the decrease in amortization of intangibles due to the fact that BEC’s assets were no longer amortized once it was classified as held for sale.

Interest Expense and Gains (Losses) on Derivative Instruments

Interest expense includes gains on derivative instruments of $4.8 million and $25.8 million for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively, compared with losses on derivative instruments of $162,000 and $6.9 million for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2017, respectively. Gains and losses on derivatives recorded in interest expense are attributable to the change in fair value of interest rate hedging instruments. Excluding the derivative adjustments, cash interest expense was $32.5 million and $94.1 million for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively, compared with $27.1 million and $79.4 million for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2017, respectively. The increase in cash interest expense reflects primarily a higher average debt balance and an increase in the weighted average interest rate. See discussions of interest expense for each of our operating businesses below.

Other (Expense) Income, net

Other (expense) income, net, changed from other income, net, to other expense, net, primarily due to the write-down in our investment in CPI during the quarter ended September 30, 2018. This is partially offset by a warranty settlement from a manufacturer of BEC turbines in the third quarter of 2018 and higher development fees paid to our Contracted Power business by a developer of renewable power projects during the nine months ended September 30, 2018.

Income Taxes

We file a consolidated federal income tax return that includes the financial results of IMTT, Atlantic Aviation, BEC, MIC Hawaii and our allocable share of the taxable income (loss) from our wind and solar facilities. The wind and solar facilities in which we own less than 100% of the equity interest are held in limited liability companies and treated as partnerships for tax purposes. Pursuant to a tax sharing agreement, the businesses included in our consolidated federal income tax return pay MIC an amount equal to the federal income tax each would have paid on a standalone basis as if they were not part of the consolidated federal income tax return. In addition, our businesses file income tax returns and may pay taxes in the state and local jurisdictions in which they operate.

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Results of Operations: Consolidated – (continued)

For the year ending December 31, 2018, we expect our current year federal taxable income to be approximately $320.0 million, including the expected taxable gain on the sale of BEC. We further expect this liability to be fully offset by net operating loss (NOL) carryforwards. Our initially reported NOL balance at December 31, 2017 was $347.3 million. As a result of the regulations issued by the Internal Revenue Service in August 2018, our federal NOL balance as of December 31, 2017 was revised upward to $373.9 million and we believe we will be able to fully utilize this amount.

We expect to utilize the majority of our federal prior year NOLs in 2018 and therefore, we are likely required to make material federal income tax payments in 2019. The amount of any federal income tax otherwise payable in 2019 is expected to be substantially reduced by tax benefits associated with planned capital deployment of approximately $300.0 million. Conversely, gains from potential sales of assets concluded in 2019 would increase our federal income tax payable.

In addition, we expect our businesses collectively to pay state/provincial income taxes of approximately $22.0 million in 2018, including the expected taxes due on the sale of BEC. In calculating our consolidated state income tax provision, we have provided a valuation allowance for certain state income tax NOLs, the use of which is uncertain.

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act

On December 22, 2017, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act was signed into law and includes provisions that will have an impact on our federal taxable income. The most significant of these are 100% bonus depreciation on qualifying assets (which is scheduled to decrease ratably to 0% between 2023 and 2027) and a reduction in the federal corporate tax rate from 35% to 21%.

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act also limits the deductibility of net interest expense to 30% of “adjusted taxable income”. We do not expect this limitation to have a material impact to our financial results through 2021.

Noncontrolling Interest

The increased loss attributable to noncontrolling interest for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 compared with the nine months ended September 30, 2017 was driven primarily by the change in tax rates imposed on certain entities within the Contracted Power segment by the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act.

Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization (EBITDA) excluding non-cash items, Free Cash Flow and Proportionately Combined Metrics

In addition to our results under U.S. GAAP, we use certain non-GAAP measures to assess the performance and prospects of our businesses. In particular, we use EBITDA excluding non-cash items, Free Cash Flow and certain proportionately combined financial metrics. Proportionately combined financial metrics reflect our proportionate interest in our wind and solar facilities.

We measure EBITDA excluding non-cash items as it reflects our businesses’ ability to effectively manage the volume of products sold or services provided, the operating margin earned on those transactions and the management of operating expenses independent of the capitalization and tax attributes of those businesses. We believe investors use EBITDA excluding non-cash items primarily as a measure of the operating performance of MIC’s businesses and to make comparisons with the operating performance of other businesses whose depreciation and amortization expense may vary widely from ours, particularly where acquisitions and other non-operating factors are involved. We define EBITDA excluding non-cash items as net income (loss) or earnings — the most comparable GAAP measure — before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization and non-cash items including impairments, unrealized derivative gains and losses, adjustments for other non-cash items and pension expense reflected in the statements of operations. EBITDA excluding non-cash items also excludes base management fees and performance fees, if any, whether paid in cash or stock.

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Results of Operations: Consolidated – (continued)

Given our varied ownership levels in our Contracted Power and MIC Hawaii segments, together with our obligations to report the results of these businesses on a consolidated basis, GAAP measures such as net income (loss) do not fully reflect all of the items we consider in assessing the amount of cash generated based on our proportionate interest in our wind and solar facilities. We note that the proportionately combined metrics used may be calculated in a different manner by other companies and may limit their usefulness as a comparative measure. Therefore, proportionately combined metrics should be used as a supplemental measure and not in lieu of our financial results reported under GAAP.

Our businesses are characteristically owners of high-value, long-lived assets capable of generating substantial Free Cash Flow. We define Free Cash Flow as cash from operating activities — the most comparable GAAP measure — which includes cash interest, tax payments and pension contributions, less maintenance capital expenditures, which includes principal repayments on capital lease obligations used to fund maintenance capital expenditures, and excludes changes in working capital.

We use Free Cash Flow as a measure of our ability to provide investors with an attractive risk-adjusted total return by sustaining and potentially increasing our quarterly cash dividend and funding a portion of our growth. GAAP metrics such as net income (loss) do not provide us with the same level of visibility into the performance and prospects of the business as a result of: (i) the capital intensive nature of our businesses and the generation of non-cash depreciation and amortization; (ii) shares issued to our external Manager under the Management Services Agreement; (iii) our ability to defer all or a portion of current federal income taxes; (iv) non-cash unrealized gains or losses on derivative instruments; (v) amortization of tolling liabilities; (vi) gains (losses) on disposal of assets; and (vii) pension expenses. Pension expenses primarily consist of interest cost, expected return on plan assets and amortization of actuarial and performance gains and losses. Any cash contributions to pension plans are reflected as a reduction to Free Cash Flow and are not included in pension expense. We believe that external consumers of our financial statements, including investors and research analysts, use Free Cash Flow both to assess MIC’s performance and as an indicator of its success in generating an attractive risk-adjusted total return.

In this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, we have disclosed Free Cash Flow on a consolidated basis and for each of our operating segments and MIC Corporate. We believe that both EBITDA excluding non-cash items and Free Cash Flow support a more complete and accurate understanding of the financial and operating performance of our businesses than would otherwise be achieved using GAAP results alone.

Free Cash Flow does not take into consideration required payments on indebtedness and other fixed obligations or other cash items that are excluded from our definition of Free Cash Flow. We note that Free Cash Flow may be calculated differently by other companies thereby limiting its usefulness as a comparative measure. Free Cash Flow should be used as a supplemental measure and not in lieu of our financial results reported under GAAP.

Classification of Maintenance Capital Expenditures and Growth Capital Expenditures

We categorize capital expenditures as either maintenance capital expenditures or growth capital expenditures. As neither maintenance capital expenditure nor growth capital expenditure is a GAAP term, we have adopted a framework to categorize specific capital expenditures. In broad terms, maintenance capital expenditures primarily maintain our businesses at current levels of operations, capability, profitability or cash flow, while growth capital expenditures primarily provide new or enhanced levels of operations, capability,profitability or cash flows. We consider a number of factors in determining whether a specific capital expenditure will be classified as maintenance or growth.

We do not bifurcate specific capital expenditures into maintenance and growth components. Each discrete capital expenditure is considered within the above framework and the entire capital expenditure is classified as either maintenance or growth.

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Results of Operations: Consolidated – (continued)

A reconciliation of net income to EBITDA excluding non-cash items and a reconciliation from cash provided by operating activities to Free Cash Flow, on a consolidated basis, is provided below. Similar reconciliations for each of our operating businesses and MIC Corporate follow.

        
 Quarter Ended
September 30,
 Change
Favorable/
(Unfavorable)
 Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 Change
Favorable/
(Unfavorable)
   2018 2017 $ % 2018 2017 $ %
   ($ In Thousands) (Unaudited)
Net income $21,376  $36,173            $104,450  $94,836           
Interest expense, net(1)  32,503   29,237             81,389   90,000           
Provision for income taxes  7,884   25,547             36,558   65,284           
Goodwill impairment  3,215                3,215              
Depreciation  56,924   58,009             179,368   172,753           
Amortization of intangibles  20,030   17,329             55,470   50,920           
Fees to Manager-related
party
  12,333   17,954             36,113   54,610           
Pension expense(2)  2,094   2,160             6,284   6,481           
Other non-cash expense (income), net(3)  3,437   (3,725          6,803   (961        
EBITDA excluding non-cash
items
 $159,796  $182,684   (22,888  (12.5 $509,650  $533,923   (24,273  (4.5
EBITDA excluding non-cash
items
 $159,796  $182,684            $509,650  $533,923           
Interest expense, net(1)  (32,503  (29,237            (81,389  (90,000          
Adjustments to derivative instruments recorded in interest expense(1)  (3,054  (959            (22,809  1,724           
Amortization of debt financing costs(1)  2,191   2,163             7,430   6,464           
Amortization of debt
discount(1)
  910   882             2,710   2,377           
Provision for current income
taxes
  (3,076  (2,154            (10,659  (8,493          
Changes in working capital(4)  22,787   (3,656        8,120   (47,635      
Cash provided by operating activities  147,051   149,723             413,053   398,360           
Changes in working capital(4)  (22,787  3,656             (8,120  47,635           
Maintenance capital
expenditures
  (13,372  (12,106          (32,724  (23,062        
Free cash flow $110,892  $141,273   (30,381  (21.5 $372,209  $422,933   (50,724  (12.0

(1)Interest expense, net, includes adjustments to derivative instruments, non-cash amortization of deferred financing fees and non-cash amortization of debt discount related to the 2.00% Convertible Senior Notes due October 2023.
(2)Pension expense primarily consists of interest cost, expected return on plan assets and amortization of actuarial and performance gains and losses.
(3)Other non-cash expense (income), net, primarily includes non-cash amortization of tolling liabilities, unrealized gains (losses) on commodity hedges and non-cash gains (losses) related to the disposal of assets. Other non-cash expense (income), net, also includes the write-down of our investment in CPI for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018. See “Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization (EBITDA) excluding non-cash items, Free Cash Flow and Proportionately Combined Metrics” above for further discussion.
(4)Conformed to current period presentation for the adoption of ASU No. 2016-18,Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Restricted Cash. See Note 2, “Basis of Presentation”, in our Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements in Part I of this Form 10-Q for recently issued accounting standards.

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Results of Operations: Consolidated – (continued)

Reconciliation from Consolidated Free Cash Flow to Proportionately Combined Free Cash Flow

See “Results of Operations — Consolidated” above for a reconciliation of Free Cash Flow —  Consolidated basis to cash provided by operating activities, the most comparable GAAP measure. The following table is a reconciliation from Free Cash Flow on a consolidated basis to Free Cash Flow on a proportionately combined basis (our proportionate interest in our wind and solar facilities). See “Results of Operations” below for a reconciliation of Free Cash Flow for each of our segments to cash provided by (used in) operating activities for such segment.

        
 Quarter Ended
September 30,
 Change Favorable/
(Unfavorable)
 Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 Change
Favorable/
(Unfavorable)
   2018 2017 $ % 2018 2017 $ %
   ($ In Thousands) (Unaudited)
Free Cash Flow – Consolidated
basis
 $110,892  $141,273   (30,381  (21.5 $372,209  $422,933   (50,724  (12.0
100% of Contracted Power Free Cash Flow included in consolidated Free Cash Flow  (30,865  (25,970            (71,365  (56,513     
MIC’s share of Contracted Power Free Cash Flow  28,474   24,667             64,600   51,300           
100% of MIC Hawaii Free Cash Flow included in consolidated Free Cash Flow  11,342   (8,137            (6,634  (32,368     
MIC’s share of MIC Hawaii Free Cash Flow  (11,345  8,132           6,626   32,358         
Free Cash Flow – Proportionately Combined basis $108,498  $139,965   (31,467  (22.5 $365,436  $417,710   (52,274  (12.5

Results of Operations: IMTT

The financial performance of IMTT is in large part a function of the amount of bulk liquid storage capacity under lease and the storage rates achieved on those leases. IMTT recorded financial results for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018 that reflect a previously forecast decline in storage capacity utilization and lower average storage rates, partially offset by contributions from an acquisition in 2017.

The portion of IMTT’s storage capacity under lease declined to an average of 82.1% for the quarter ended September 30, 2018 compared with 92.7% in the prior comparable quarter and 86.1% in the quarter ended June 30, 2018. Average storage rates declined primarily as a result of lower rates achieved on renewal of gasoline and distillates contracts in New York Harbor. IMTT expects the lower storage rates for gasoline and distillates in New York Harbor to continue to impact its financial results through 2019, although this impact is expected to be partially offset by increases in storage utilization and an increase in demand for storage related to the implementation of the International Maritime Organization’s IMO Marpol Annex VI (IMO 2020) regulations limiting the sulphur content of bunker fuel beginning January 1, 2020.

IMTT is currently both involved in and evaluating a number of initiatives related to repurposing existing storage capacity and repositioning the overall business:

Repurposing

IMTT anticipates cleaning and modifying tanks on the Lower Mississippi River totaling up to approximately 3.0 million barrels of capacity, along with related infrastructure, from heavy and residual oil storage to storage of products with potentially better growth prospects such as clean petroleum, chemical and agricultural oils. Approximately 1.3 million barrels of storage capacity is being repurposed currently and approximately 600,000 of these barrels are expected to be returned to service by year end. Through the third quarter, approximately 900,000 of the 1.3 million barrels had been re-contracted (including contracts with future start dates) with the remainder expected to be re-contracted in November 2018.

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Results of Operations:IMTT – (continued)

The cost of repurposing the 1.3 million barrels of storage capacity is estimated at approximately $12.0 million in 2018, of which approximately $7.0 million will be characterized as maintenance capital expenditures. Through the end of the third quarter of 2018, IMTT had deployed $6.9 million of the $12.0 million. The repurposing of additional barrels is expected to be completed by the end of 2020.

Repositioning

Repositioning includes projects designed to leverage IMTT’s existing geographic footprint through increases in capacity or capability designed to meet customer demand and/or further diversify the mix of products handled. For example, in the second quarter of 2018, IMTT announced that it had entered into an agreement to construct an additional 200,000 barrels of capacity for a chemicals manufacturer.

Other repositioning projects under consideration or in process include enhancing terminal connectivity by investing in truck, pipeline, marine and rail infrastructure. In the third quarter, IMTT commenced the development of an automated, multi-product, six bay truck rack to improve its intermodal distribution capabilities in the New York Harbor market and is expected to be in service in late 2019.

In the fourth quarter, IMTT completed negotiations on an agreement with Methanex that will see the business construct 714,000 barrels of chemical storage capacity and associated infrastructure at its Geismar Chemical Logistics facility. The project is subject to a final investment decision by Methanex on the construction of a third methanol manufacturing plant in Geismar (Geismar 3) alongside its two existing facilities. A final investment decision is expected in mid-2019.

IMTT also entered into agreements to construct an additional dock at its Geismar facility that will support the existing business, the Methanex project and future expansion opportunities. The dock is expected to be operational by the end of 2019.

IMTT’s aggregate investment in the three new projects is estimated to be $80.0 million.

The successful implementation of the repurposing and repositioning initiatives is, over time, expected to, (i) improve utilization and rates, (ii) increase exposure to products with better growth prospects, (iii) generate a larger proportion of IMTT’s revenue from longer-dated contracts and, (iv) reduce exposure to heavy and residual oil storage demand.

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Results of Operations:IMTT – (continued)

        
 Quarter Ended
September 30,
 Change Favorable/
(Unfavorable)
 Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 Change
Favorable/
(Unfavorable)
   2018 2017 2018 2017
   $ $ $ % $ $ $ %
    ($ In Thousands) (Unaudited) 
Revenue  118,229   134,167   (15,938  (11.9  386,981   410,128   (23,147  (5.6
Cost of services  43,864   48,982   5,118   10.4   148,005   148,052   47   0.0 
Selling, general and administrative expenses  7,565   9,104   1,539   16.9   24,685   25,627   942   3.7 
Depreciation and amortization  32,683   31,511   (1,172  (3.7  98,702   93,826   (4,876  (5.2
Operating income  34,117   44,570   (10,453  (23.5  115,589   142,623   (27,034  (19.0
Interest expense, net(1)  (11,677  (10,187  (1,490  (14.6  (30,349  (30,707  358   1.2 
Other income, net  414   794   (380  (47.9  864   1,954   (1,090  (55.8
Provision for income taxes  (6,422  (14,422  8,000   55.5   (24,195  (46,686  22,491   48.2 
Net income  16,432   20,755   (4,323  (20.8  61,909   67,184   (5,275  (7.9
Reconciliation of net income to EBITDA excluding non-cash items and a reconciliation of cash provided by operating activities to Free Cash Flow:
                                        
Net income  16,432   20,755             61,909   67,184           
Interest expense, net(1)  11,677   10,187             30,349   30,707           
Provision for income taxes  6,422   14,422             24,195   46,686           
Depreciation and amortization  32,683   31,511             98,702   93,826           
Pension expense(2)  1,914   1,883             5,737   5,649           
Other non-cash expense, net  207   178           611   315         
EBITDA excluding non-cash
items
  69,335   78,936   (9,601  (12.2  221,503   244,367   (22,864  (9.4
EBITDA excluding non-cash
items
  69,335   78,936             221,503   244,367           
Interest expense, net(1)  (11,677  (10,187            (30,349  (30,707          
Adjustments to derivative instruments recorded in interest expense(1)  (870  (524            (6,263  (257          
Amortization of debt financing costs(1)  411   413             1,234   1,236           
Benefit (provision) for current income taxes  2,593   344             (6,059  (3,069          
Changes in working capital  (721  3,732         9,913   (12,413      
Cash provided by operating activities  59,071   72,714             189,979   199,157           
Changes in working capital  721   (3,732            (9,913  12,413           
Maintenance capital
expenditures
  (8,863  (8,116          (21,335  (13,563        
Free cash flow  50,929   60,866   (9,937  (16.3  158,731   198,007   (39,276  (19.8

(1)Interest expense, net, includes adjustments to derivative instruments and non-cash amortization of deferred financing fees.
(2)Pension expense primarily consists of interest cost, expected return on plan assets and amortization of actuarial and performance gains and losses.

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Results of Operations:IMTT – (continued)

Revenue

IMTT generates the majority of its revenue from contracts comprising a fixed monthly charge for access to or use of a specified amount of capacity, infrastructure or land. The monthly charge typically increases annually with inflation. We refer to revenue generated from such contracts or fixed charges as firm commitments. At September 30, 2018, firm commitments had a revenue weighted average remaining contract life of 2.0 years, although some customers storing certain petroleum products are renewing contracts for shorter durations. Revenue from firm commitments comprised 84.8% and 80.3% of total revenue for the quarter and trailing twelve months ended September 30, 2018, respectively.

For the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018, total revenue decreased compared with the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2017 primarily due to the decline in utilization and lower average storage rates on contract renewals, reduced environmental response revenue as a result of the sale of IMTT’s subsidiary OMI Environmental Solutions (OMI) in April 2018 and lower deferred revenue recognized in connection with the termination of a construction project in 2017. The decrease in revenue was partially offset by contributions from an acquisition of a portfolio of terminals completed in the third quarter of 2017.

Cost of Services and Selling, General and Administrative Expenses

Cost of services and selling, general and administrative expenses combined decreased for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018 compared with the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2017 primarily due to the absence of costs related to OMI. The cost decreases were partially offset by incremental costs related to the terminals acquired in 2017.

Cost of services is expected to increase during the fourth quarter of 2018, and subsequently, as a result of an expected increase in property taxes assessed on the terminal at St. Rose.

Depreciation and Amortization

Depreciation and amortization expense increased for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018 compared with the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2017 primarily due to an acquisition of terminals in 2017.

Interest Expense, Net

Interest expense includes gains on derivative instruments of $1.2 million and $6.8 million for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively, compared with gains on derivative instruments of $124,000 and losses on derivative instruments of $1.5 million for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2017, respectively. Excluding the derivative adjustments, cash interest expense was $12.2 million and $35.4 million for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively, compared with $10.3 million and $29.7 million for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2017, respectively. The increase in cash interest expense reflects a higher average debt balance and a higher weighted average interest rate.

The interest rate on IMTT’s tax-exempt Gulf Opportunity Zone Bonds (GO Zone Bonds) increased by 0.7% in 2018 as a result of the reduction in the corporate tax rate from 35% to 21% under the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act.

Income Taxes

The taxable income generated by IMTT is reported on our consolidated federal income tax return. The business files standalone state/provincial income tax returns in the jurisdictions in which it operates. For the year ending December 31, 2018, the business expects to pay state/provincial income taxes of approximately $5.0 million. The Benefit (provision) for current income taxes of $6.1 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 in the above table includes $4.9 million of state/provincial income tax expense and $1.2 million of federal income tax expense. Any current federal income tax payable is expected to be offset in consolidation with the application of MIC holding company level NOLs.

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Results of Operations:IMTT – (continued)

The majority of the difference between IMTT’s book and federal taxable income relates to depreciation of terminal fixed assets. For book purposes, these fixed assets are depreciated primarily over 5 to 30 years using the straight-line method of depreciation. For federal income tax purposes, these same fixed assets are depreciated primarily over 5 to 15 years using accelerated methods. In addition, most terminal fixed assets qualify for federal bonus tax depreciation. A significant portion of terminal fixed assets in Louisiana that were constructed in the period after Hurricane Katrina in 2005 were financed with GO Zone Bonds. GO Zone Bond financed assets are depreciated, for tax purposes, primarily over 9 to 20 years using the straight-line method. Most of the states in which the business operates do not allow the use of bonus tax depreciation. Louisiana allows the use of bonus depreciation except for assets financed with GO Zone Bonds.

Maintenance Capital Expenditures

During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, IMTT incurred maintenance capital expenditures of $21.3 million on both an accrual basis and cash basis, compared with $13.6 million and $16.4 million on an accrual basis and cash basis, respectively, for the nine months ended September 30, 2017. The increase in 2018 compared with 2017 was primarily a result of expenditures related to the repurposing of storage capacity and the timing of tank and dock inspections and repairs.

Maintenance capital expenditures for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 includes $4.0 million associated with repurposing existing tanks. For the full year, IMTT anticipates spending approximately $12.0 million on repurposing existing tanks with approximately $7.0 million of that being characterized as maintenance capital expenditures. The expenditures related to repurposing will be in addition to a forecast of approximately $25.0 million of recurring maintenance capital expenditures.

Results of Operations: Atlantic Aviation

The fundamental driver of the performance of Atlantic Aviation is the number of GA flight movements (take-offs and landings) in a given period. Based on data reported by the FAA, industry-wide domestic GA flight movements increased by 1.1% and 1.9% for the two month period including July and August and the eight months ended August 31, 2018, respectively, compared with the same periods in 2017. The number of GA flight movements tends to be correlated with general economic activity over the long-term. Factors that could impact GA flight movements either positively or negatively in the short-term include traffic constraints due to repairs and maintenance of runways, weather conditions or events, the timing of public and religious holidays and events, including major sporting events.

The total number of GA flight movements at airports on which Atlantic Aviation operates decreased by 2.0% and 0.1% during the two month period including July and August and the eight months ended August 31, 2018, respectively, compared with the same periods in 2017. The decrease was the result of a number of the aforementioned short-term factors, several of which had a positive impact on the prior comparable periods, together with decreased traffic at Santa Monica Municipal Airport in Santa Monica, CA as a result of the shortening of the runway. Atlantic Aviation believes that growth in GA flight movements will continue to be positively correlated with growth in economic activity and GDP. Flight movements at airports on which Atlantic Aviation operates, other than Santa Monica, decreased by 0.7% for the two month period including July and August and increased 1.1% the eight months ended August 31, 2018.

Atlantic Aviation seeks to extend FBO leases prior to their maturity in order to maintain visibility into the cash generating capacity of these assets over the long-term. Atlantic Aviation calculates a weighted average remaining lease life based on EBITDA excluding non-cash items in the prior calendar year adjusted for the impact of acquisitions/dispositions. The weighted average remaining lease life was 19.9 years at September 30, 2018 compared with 20.7 years at September 30, 2017.

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Results of Operations: Atlantic Aviation – (continued)

        
 Quarter Ended
September 30,
 Change
Favorable/
(Unfavorable)
 Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 Change
Favorable/
(Unfavorable)
   2018 2017 2018 2017
   $ $ $ % $ $ $ %
    ($ In Thousands) (Unaudited) 
Revenue  234,908   211,457   23,451   11.1   715,041   621,149   93,892   15.1 
Cost of services (exclusive of depreciation and amortization shown separately below)  113,077   92,106   (20,971  (22.8  345,764   272,985   (72,779  (26.7
Gross margin  121,831   119,351   2,480   2.1   369,277   348,164   21,113   6.1 
Selling, general and administrative expenses  57,146   57,026   (120  (0.2  173,802   163,512   (10,290  (6.3
Depreciation and amortization  25,582   25,286   (296  (1.2  78,020   73,894   (4,126  (5.6
Operating income  39,103   37,039   2,064   5.6   117,455   110,758   6,697   6.0 
Interest expense, net(1)  (5,290  (4,295  (995  (23.2  (9,601  (13,648  4,047   29.7 
Other expense, net  (20  (14  (6  (42.9  (519  (119  (400  NM 
Provision for income taxes  (9,058  (11,139  2,081   18.7   (28,769  (36,766  7,997   21.8 
Net income  24,735   21,591   3,144   14.6   78,566   60,225   18,341   30.5 
Reconciliation of net income to EBITDA excluding non-cash items and a reconciliation of cash provided by operating activities to Free Cash Flow:
                                        
Net income  24,735   21,591             78,566   60,225           
Interest expense, net(1)  5,290   4,295             9,601   13,648           
Provision for income taxes  9,058   11,139             28,769   36,766           
Depreciation and amortization  25,582   25,286             78,020   73,894           
Pension expense(2)  5   5             16   15           
Other non-cash expense, net  323   1,212           1,232   1,252         
EBITDA excluding non-cash
items
  64,993   63,528   1,465   2.3   196,204   185,800   10,404   5.6 
EBITDA excluding non-cash
items
  64,993   63,528             196,204   185,800           
Interest expense, net(1)  (5,290  (4,295            (9,601  (13,648          
Convertible senior notes interest(3)  (2,013  (2,012            (6,038  (5,769          
Adjustments to derivative instruments recorded in interest expense(1)  (354  464             (5,798  3,150           
Amortization of debt financing costs(1)  280   284             842   819           
Provision for current income
taxes
  (5,729  (1,208            (19,469  (5,810          
Changes in working capital  6,313   (1,335        16,904   (6,667      
Cash provided by operating activities  58,200   55,426             173,044   157,875           
Changes in working capital  (6,313  1,335             (16,904  6,667           
Maintenance capital expenditures  (2,191  (2,165          (5,300  (5,071        
Free cash flow  49,696   54,596   (4,900  (9.0  150,840   159,471   (8,631  (5.4

NM — Not meaningful

(1)Interest expense, net, includes adjustments to derivative instruments and non-cash amortization of deferred financing fees.
(2)Pension expense primarily consists of interest cost, expected return on plan assets and amortization of actuarial and performance gains and losses.

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Results of Operations: Atlantic Aviation – (continued)

(3)Represents the cash interest expense reclassified from MIC Corporate related to the 2.00% Convertible Senior Notes due October 2023, proceeds of which were used to pay down a portion of Atlantic Aviation’s credit facility in October 2016.

Atlantic Aviation generates the majority of its revenue from sales of jet fuel. Increases and decreases in the cost of jet fuel are generally passed through to consumers. Accordingly, revenue will fluctuate based on the cost of jet fuel to Atlantic Aviation and reported revenue may not reflect the business’ ability to effectively manage volume and gross margin. For example, an increase in revenue may be attributable to an increase in the cost of the jet fuel and not an increase in the volume sold or margin per gallon to the customer. Conversely, a decline in revenue may be attributable to a decrease in the cost of jet fuel and not a reduction in the volume sold or margin per gallon.

Gross margin, which we define as revenue less cost of services, excluding depreciation and amortization, is the effective “top line” for Atlantic Aviation as it is reflective of the business’ ability to drive growth in the volume of products and services sold and the margins earned on those sales over time. We believe that our investors view gross margin as reflective of our ability to manage volume and price throughout the commodity cycle. Gross margin can be reconciled to operating income — the most comparable GAAP measure — by subtracting selling, general and administrative expenses and depreciation and amortization in the table above.

Revenue and Gross Margin

The majority of the revenue generated and gross margin earned by Atlantic Aviation is the result of fueling GA aircraft at facilities located at the 70 U.S. airports on which the business operates. Atlantic Aviation seeks to maintain and, where appropriate, increase dollar-based margins on fuel sales.

Revenue and gross margin are driven, in part, by the volume of fuel sold and the dollar-based margin/fee per gallon on those sales. Revenue increased for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018 compared with the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2017 as a result of increases in the wholesale cost of fuel and contributions from acquisitions. The increased wholesale cost of fuel was largely offset by a corresponding increase in cost of services, contributing to an increase in gross margin for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018 compared with the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2017. The improvement in gross margin primarily reflects an increased contribution from hangar rentals and ancillary fees, in addition to acquisitions.

Our discussion of same store results in the current and prior comparable periods reflects contributions from FBOs that have been in operation for the same full months in each period, and excludes the costs of acquiring, integrating or disposing of FBOs. On a same store basis, gross margin increased by 0.1% and 2.7% in the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively, compared with the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2017 driven by an increased contribution from hangar rentals and ancillary fees.

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses

Selling, general and administrative expenses were flat for the quarter ended September 30, 2018 compared with the quarter ended September 30, 2017. For the nine months ended September 30, 2018 compared with the nine months ended September 30, 2017, selling general and administrative expenses increased primarily as a result of rent increases and higher labor costs, including those related to acquisitions.

Depreciation and Amortization

Depreciation and amortization expense increased for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018 compared with the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2017 primarily as a result of contributions from acquisitions and assets placed in service.

Operating Income

Operating income increased for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018 compared with the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2017 due to the increase in gross margin, partially offset by the increase in selling, general and administrative expenses and the increase in depreciation and amortization.

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Results of Operations: Atlantic Aviation – (continued)

Interest Expense, Net

Interest expense includes gains on derivative instruments of $1.5 million and $8.5 million for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively, compared with losses on derivative instruments of $219,000 and $2.9 million for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2017, respectively. Excluding the derivative adjustments, cash interest expense was $7.4 million and $20.6 million for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively, compared with $5.5 million and $15.4 million for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2017, respectively. The increase in cash interest expense reflects a higher average debt balance and a higher weighted average interest rate.

Cash interest expense for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 includes the cash interest expense on the $402.5 million of the MIC Corporate 2.00% Convertible Senior Notes issued in October 2016 and due in October 2023. The proceeds from the note issuance were used principally to reduce the drawn balance of Atlantic Aviation’s revolving credit facility.

Income Taxes

The taxable income generated by Atlantic Aviation is included in our consolidated federal income tax return. The business files standalone state income tax returns in the majority of the states in which it operates. The tax expense in the table above includes both state taxes and the portion of the consolidated federal tax liability attributable to the business.

For the year ending December 31, 2018, Atlantic Aviation expects to pay state income taxes of approximately $8.0 million. The Provision for current income taxes of $19.5 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 in the above table includes $13.8 million of federal income tax expense and $5.7 million of state income tax expense. Any current federal income tax payable is expected to be offset in consolidation with the application of MIC holding company level NOLs.

Maintenance Capital Expenditures

For the nine months ended September 30, 2018, Atlantic Aviation incurred maintenance capital expenditures of $5.3 million and $5.5 million on an accrual basis and cash basis, respectively, compared with $5.1 million and $5.6 million on an accrual basis and cash basis, respectively, for the nine months ended September 30, 2017.

Results of Operations: Contracted Power

The performance of our Contracted Power segment is broadly a function of the availability of wind and solar resources and, through the third quarter of 2018, the demand for peaking power in New York City. Following the sale of BEC, our thermal power facility serving New York City, on October 12, 2018, Contracted Power comprises solely wind and solar facilities and any contribution that may result from our relationships with two renewable power project developers.

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Results of Operations:Contracted Power – (continued)

        
 Quarter Ended
September 30,
 Change
Favorable/
(Unfavorable)
 Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 Change
Favorable/
(Unfavorable)
   2018 2017 2018 2017
   $ $ $ % $ $ $ %
    ($ In Thousands) (Unaudited) 
Product revenue  52,450   42,445   10,005   23.6   129,140   110,681   18,459   16.7 
Cost of product sales  8,744   5,171   (3,573  (69.1  20,443   15,528   (4,915  (31.7
Selling, general and administrative expenses  8,204   6,909   (1,295  (18.7  23,226   18,318   (4,908  (26.8
Depreciation and amortization  8,026   14,830   6,804   45.9   38,072   45,031   6,959   15.5 
Operating income  27,476   15,535   11,941   76.9   47,399   31,804   15,595   49.0 
Interest expense, net(1)  (4,944  (6,281  1,337   21.3   (10,661  (20,431  9,770   47.8 
Other income, net  3,448   4,334   (886  (20.4  11,174   6,440   4,734   73.5 
Provision for income taxes  (7,852  (6,337  (1,515  (23.9  (12,456  (8,209  (4,247  (51.7
Net income  18,128   7,251   10,877   150.0   35,456   9,604   25,852   NM 
Less: net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest  (260  (3,890  (3,630  (93.3  (32,319  (7,223  25,096   NM 
Net income attributable to MIC  18,388   11,141   7,247   65.0   67,775   16,827   50,948   NM 
Reconciliation of net income to EBITDA excluding non-cash items and a reconciliation of cash provided by operating activities to Free Cash Flow:
                                        
Net income  18,128   7,251             35,456   9,604           
Interest expense, net(1)  4,944   6,281             10,661   20,431           
Provision for income taxes  7,852   6,337             12,456   8,209           
Depreciation and amortization  8,026   14,830             38,072   45,031           
Other non-cash income, net(2)  (1,574  (1,914          (5,152  (6,170        
EBITDA excluding non-cash
items
  37,376   32,785   4,591   14.0   91,493   77,105   14,388   18.7 
EBITDA excluding non-cash
items
  37,376   32,785             91,493   77,105           
Interest expense, net(1)  (4,944  (6,281            (10,661  (20,431          
Adjustments to derivative instruments recorded in interest expense(1)  (1,863  (922            (10,011  (1,282          
Amortization of debt financing
costs(1)
  380   379             1,138   1,137           
(Provision) benefit for current income taxes  (84  9             (154  6           
Changes in working capital(3)  (5,615  (565        (17,390  (8,771      
Cash provided by operating activities  25,250   25,405             54,415   47,764           
Changes in working capital(3)  5,615   565             17,390   8,771           
Maintenance capital expenditures                (440  (22        
Free cash flow  30,865   25,970   4,895   18.8   71,365   56,513   14,852   26.3 

NM — Not meaningful

(1)Interest expense, net, includes adjustments to derivative instruments and non-cash amortization of deferred financing fees.
(2)Other non-cash income, net, primarily includes amortization of tolling liabilities. See“Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization (EBITDA) excluding non-cash items, Free Cash Flow and Proportionately Combined Metrics” above for further discussion.
(3)Conformed to current period presentation for the adoption of ASU No. 2016-18,Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Restricted Cash. See Note 2, ���Basis of Presentation”, in our Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements in Part I of this Form 10-Q for recently issued accounting standards.

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Results of Operations:Contracted Power – (continued)

Revenue

Revenue increased for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018 compared with the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2017 due to the contribution from the BEC plant expansion and better wind and solar resources.

Cost of Product Sales

Cost of product sales increased for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018 compared with the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2017 due to the completion of the BEC plant expansion in May 2018.

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses

Selling, general and administrative expenses increased for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018 compared with the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2017 primarily due to the BEC plant expansion and higher development-related expenses. These increases were partially offset by lower insurance costs at BEC.

Depreciation and Amortization

Depreciation and amortization expense decreased for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018 compared with the quarter and nine ended September 30, 2017 primarily due to the fact that BEC’s assets were no longer depreciated or amortized once it was classified as held for sale.

Other Income, Net

Other income, net, decreased for the quarter ended September 30, 2018 compared with the quarter ended September 30, 2017 primarily due to development fees paid to the Contracted Power business by a developer of renewable power projects in 2017, partially offset by a warranty settlement from a manufacturer of BEC turbines in 2018.

Other income, net, increased for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 compared with the nine months ended September 30, 2017 primarily due to higher development fees paid to the Contracted Power business by a developer of renewable power projects and a warranty settlement from a manufacturer of BEC turbines in 2018.

Interest Expense, Net

Interest expense includes gains on derivative instruments of $1.8 million and $9.2 million for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively, compared with losses on derivative instruments of $82,000 and $2.4 million for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2017, respectively. Excluding the derivative adjustments, cash interest expense was $6.4 million and $19.5 million for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively, compared with $6.8 million and $20.6 million for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2017, respectively. The decrease in cash interest expense reflects primarily a lower average debt balance related to scheduled amortization on all facilities.

Income Taxes

Our wind and solar facilities are held in limited liability companies that are treated as pass through entities for tax purposes. As such, these entities do not pay federal or state income taxes on a standalone basis, but each owner pays federal and state income taxes on its allocable share of taxable income. For the year ending December 31, 2018, MIC expects its share of the federal taxable income from these facilities to be a loss of approximately $1.0 million. For 2017, MIC’s share of the federal taxable income from these facilities was a loss of approximately $13.0 million.

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Results of Operations:Contracted Power – (continued)

The taxable income generated by BEC’s operations is included in our consolidated federal income tax return and is subject to New York state income tax as part of a combined return. For the year ending December 31, 2018, with the closing of the sale of BEC, the business expects to have a state income tax liability in New Jersey and New York totaling approximately $8.0 million.

Noncontrolling Interest

The increase in loss attributable to noncontrolling interest for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 compared with the nine months ended September 30, 2017 was driven primarily by the change in tax rates imposed on certain entities by the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act.

Results of Operations: MIC Hawaii

The decreased contribution from our MIC Hawaii businesses for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018 reflects primarily continued poor performance at CPI and the related write-down of our investment as discussed in “Recent Developments” above. The decrease is partially offset by improved performance in the utility portion of our Hawaii Gas business. In October 2018, consistent with initiatives that will focus MIC on its core lines of business, we decided to sell CPI and expect to complete the sale before the end of 2018.

In August 2017, Hawaii Gas filed a general rate case with the HPUC. On June 27, 2018, the HPUC issued an Interim Decision and Order providing the regulated utility operations of Hawaii Gas with interim rate relief. New rates reflecting the decision went into effect on July 1, 2018 and are expected to result in an increase in regulated revenue over present rates of $8.9 million, or 8.4%, annually. The HPUC is expected to issue a Final Decision and Order subject to, among other things, the completion by Hawaii Gas of the Honouliuli Waste Water Treatment Plant Biogas Project. The project is currently estimated to be completed in the fourth quarter of 2018.

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Results of Operations: MIC Hawaii – (continued)

        
 Quarter Ended
September 30,
 Change
Favorable/
(Unfavorable)
 Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 Change
Favorable/
(Unfavorable)
   2018 2017 2018 2017
   $ $ $ % $ $ $ %
   ($ In Thousands) (Unaudited)
Product revenue  59,799   52,396   7,403   14.1   184,139   165,758   18,381   11.1 
Service revenue  9,122   13,826   (4,704  (34.0  41,306   39,476   1,830   4.6 
Total revenue  68,921   66,222   2,699   4.1   225,445   205,234   20,211   9.8 
Cost of product sales (exclusive of depreciation and amortization shown separately below)  39,079   30,498   (8,581  (28.1  127,929   107,615   (20,314  (18.9
Cost of services (exclusive of depreciation and amortization shown separately below)  9,753   12,131   2,378   19.6   40,120   34,015   (6,105  (17.9
Cost of revenue – total  48,832   42,629   (6,203  (14.6  168,049   141,630   (26,419  (18.7
Gross margin  20,089   23,593   (3,504  (14.9  57,396   63,604   (6,208  (9.8
Selling, general and administrative expenses  7,650   6,874   (776  (11.3  22,853   19,729   (3,124  (15.8
Goodwill impairment  3,215      (3,215  NM   3,215      (3,215  NM 
Depreciation and amortization  10,489   3,711   (6,778  (182.6  19,540   10,922   (8,618  (78.9
Operating (loss) income  (1,265  13,008   (14,273  (109.7  11,788   32,953   (21,165  (64.2
Interest expense, net(1)  (2,069  (1,877  (192  (10.2  (5,246  (5,795  549   9.5 
Other expense, net  (21,923  (141  (21,782  NM   (23,236  (382  (22,854  NM 
Benefit (provision) for income taxes  7,299   (4,830  12,129   NM   4,350   (10,772  15,122   140.4 
Net (loss) income  (17,958  6,160   (24,118  NM   (12,344  16,004   (28,348  (177.1
Less: net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests  (68  (32  36   112.5   (135  (71  64   90.1 
Net (loss) income attributable to MIC  (17,890  6,192   (24,082  NM   (12,209  16,075   (28,284  (176.0
Reconciliation of net (loss) income to EBITDA excluding non-cash items and a reconciliation of cash provided by operating activities to Free Cash Flow:
                                    
Net (loss) income  (17,958  6,160             (12,344  16,004           
Interest expense, net(1)  2,069   1,877             5,246   5,795           
(Benefit) provision for income taxes  (7,299  4,830             (4,350  10,772           
Goodwill impairment  3,215                3,215              
Depreciation and amortization  10,489   3,711             19,540   10,922           
Pension expense(2)  128   272             383   817           
Other non-cash expense (income), net(3)  4,303   (3,360          9,548   3,108         
EBITDA excluding non-cash items  (5,053  13,490   (18,543  (137.5  21,238   47,418   (26,180  (55.2
EBITDA excluding non-cash items  (5,053  13,490             21,238   47,418           
Interest expense, net(1)  (2,069  (1,877            (5,246  (5,795          
Adjustments to derivative instruments recorded in interest expense(1)  33   23             (737  113           
Amortization of debt financing costs(1)  97   99             289   303           
Provision for current income taxes  (2,032  (1,773            (3,261  (5,265          
Changes in working capital(4)  22,570   (2,554        16,420   (13,093      
Cash provided by operating activities  13,546   7,408             28,703   23,681           
Changes in working capital(4)  (22,570  2,554             (16,420  13,093           
Maintenance capital expenditures  (2,318  (1,825          (5,649  (4,406        
Free cash flow  (11,342  8,137   (19,479  NM   6,634   32,368   (25,734  (79.5

NM — Not meaningful

(1)Interest expense, net, includes adjustments to derivative instruments related to interest rate swaps and non-cash amortization of deferred financing fees.

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Results of Operations: MIC Hawaii – (continued)

(2)Pension expense primarily consists of interest cost, expected return on plan assets and amortization of actuarial and performance gains and losses.
(3)Other non-cash expense (income), net, primarily includes non-cash adjustments related to unrealized gains (losses) on commodity hedges and non-cash gains (losses) related to the disposal of assets. Other non-cash expense (income), net, also includes the write-down of our investment in CPI for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018. See “Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization (EBITDA) excluding non-cash items, Free Cash Flow and Proportionately Combined Metrics” above for further discussion.
(4)Conformed to current period presentation for the adoption of ASU No. 2016-18,Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Restricted Cash. See Note 2, “Basis of Presentation”, in our Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements in Part I of this Form 10-Q for recently issued accounting standards.

MIC Hawaii comprises Hawaii Gas and several smaller businesses collectively engaged in efforts to reduce the cost and improve the reliability and sustainability of energy in Hawaii. The businesses of MIC Hawaii generate revenue primarily from the provision of gas services to commercial, residential and governmental customers, the generation of power and the design and construction of building mechanical systems.

Hawaii Gas generates a significant portion of its revenue from the sale of gas. Accordingly, revenue can fluctuate based on the wholesale cost of gas to Hawaii Gas and may not reflect the business’ ability to effectively manage volume and gross margin. For example, an increase in revenue may be attributable to an increase in the wholesale cost of gas and not an increase in the volume sold or margin per therm. Conversely, a decline in revenue may be attributable to a decrease in the wholesale cost of gas and not a reduction in volume sold or margin per therm.

Gross margin, which we define as revenue less cost of product sales and services, excluding depreciation and amortization, is the effective “top line” for Hawaii Gas as it is reflective of the business’ ability to drive growth in the volume of products and services and the margins earned on those sales over time. We believe that investors utilize gross margin as it is reflective of our performance in managing volume and price throughout the commodity cycle. Gross margin is reconciled to operating income — the most comparable GAAP measure — by subtracting selling, general and administrative expenses and depreciation and amortization in the table above.

Revenue and Gross Margin

Revenue increased for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018 compared with the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2017. The increase was primarily attributable to increases in the volume of utility and nonutility gas sold and a higher average price per therm of utility gas sold by Hawaii Gas together with higher revenue from distributed generation assets, partially offset by lower revenue from CPI. On an underlying basis, adjusting for changes in customer inventory, the volume of gas sold increased by 1.8% and 4.8% in the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively, compared with the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2017.

Gross margin decreased by $3.5 million and $6.2 million for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively, compared with the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2017. The decline was partially attributable to unfavorable movements in commodity hedges. The business recorded unrealized gains of $305,000 and unrealized losses of $3.0 million for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively, compared with unrealized gains of $4.0 million and unrealized losses of $1.7 million for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2017, respectively, on the commodity hedges.

Excluding the impact of unrealized gains and losses on commodity hedges, gross margin was flat for the quarter ended September 30, 2018 compared with the quarter ended September 30, 2017, and decreased $4.9 million, or 7.5%, for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 compared with the nine months ended September 30, 2017. The decline for the nine months ended was September 30, 2018 attributable primarily to (i) lower margins at CPI due to increased costs on fixed revenue contracts attributable to higher labor costs, project delays and general construction cost escalation in Hawaii; and (ii) lower margins at Hawaii Gas’ non-utility business. Gross margin at Hawaii Gas for the quarter ended September 30, 2018 reflects the increase in interim rates for the utility business.

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Results of Operations: MIC Hawaii – (continued)

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses

Selling, general and administrative expenses increased for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018 compared with the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2017 primarily driven by higher salaries and benefit costs.

Goodwill Impairment

During the quarter ended September 30, 2018, MIC Hawaii wrote-off the goodwill balance related to CPI.

Depreciation and Amortization

Depreciation and amortization expense increased for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018 compared with the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2017 primarily due to the write-offs of the intangible assets and fixed assets balances at CPI.

Operating (Loss) Income

Operating (loss) income decreased for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018 compared with the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2017 due to the increase in depreciation and amortization expenses, the decrease in gross margin, goodwill impairment and increase in selling, general and administrative expenses.

Interest Expense, Net

Interest expense includes gains on derivative instruments of $222,000 and $1.3 million for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively, compared with gains on derivative instruments of $15,000 and losses on derivative instruments of $158,000 for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2017, respectively. Excluding the derivative adjustments, cash interest expense was $1.9 million and $5.7 million for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively, compared with $1.8 million and $5.4 million for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2017, respectively. The increase in cash interest expense reflect primarily a higher average debt balance outstanding.

Other Expenses, Net

Other expense, net, increased for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018 compared with the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2017 primarily due to the write-down of our investment in CPI during the quarter ended September 30, 2018.

Income Taxes

The taxable income generated by the MIC Hawaii businesses is reported on our consolidated federal income tax return and is subject to Hawaii state income tax on a stand-alone basis. The tax expense in the table above includes both state tax and the portion of the consolidated federal tax liability attributable to the businesses. For the year ending December 31, 2018, the business expects to pay state income taxes of approximately $500,000. The Provision for current income taxes of $3.3 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 in the above table includes $3.2 million of federal income tax expense and $87,000 of state income tax expense. Any current federal income tax payable is expected to be offset in consolidation with the application of MIC holding company level NOLs.

Maintenance Capital Expenditures

For the nine months ended September 30, 2018, MIC Hawaii incurred maintenance capital expenditures of $5.6 million and $5.7 million on an accrual basis and cash basis, respectively, compared with $4.4 million and $4.7 million on an accrual basis and cash basis, respectively, for the nine months ended September 30, 2017.

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Results of Operations: Corporate and Other

Corporate and Other includes expenses paid by the holding company, including base management fees and performance fees, if any, professional fees and costs associated with being a public company.

        
 Quarter Ended
September 30,
 Change
Favorable/
(Unfavorable)
 Nine Months Ended September 30, Change
Favorable/
(Unfavorable)
   2018 2017 2018 2017
   $ $ $ % $ $ $ %
   ($ In Thousands) (Unaudited)
Fees to Manager-related party  12,333   17,954   5,621   31.3   36,113   54,610   18,497   33.9 
Selling, general and administrative expenses(1)  7,150   6,214   (936  (15.1  21,496   21,301   (195  (0.9
Depreciation  174      (174  NM   504      (504  NM 
Operating loss  (19,657  (24,168  4,511   18.7   (58,113  (75,911  17,798   23.4 
Interest expense, net(2)  (8,523  (6,597  (1,926  (29.2  (25,532  (19,419  (6,113  (31.5
Other income (expense), net  70      70   NM   (4     (4  NM 
Benefit for income taxes  8,149   11,181   (3,032  (27.1  24,512   37,149   (12,637  (34.0
Net loss  (19,961  (19,584  (377  (1.9  (59,137  (58,181  (956  (1.6
Reconciliation of net loss to EBITDA excluding non-cash items and a reconciliation of cash used in operating activities to Free Cash Flow:
                                        
Net loss  (19,961  (19,584            (59,137  (58,181          
Interest expense, net(2)  8,523   6,597             25,532   19,419           
Benefit for income taxes  (8,149  (11,181            (24,512  (37,149          
Depreciation  174                504              
Fees to Manager-related party  12,333   17,954             36,113   54,610           
Pension expense(3)  47                148              
Other non-cash expense, net  178   159           564   534         
EBITDA excluding non-cash items  (6,855  (6,055  (800  (13.2  (20,788  (20,767  (21  (0.1
EBITDA excluding non-cash items  (6,855  (6,055            (20,788  (20,767          
Interest expense, net(2)  (8,523  (6,597            (25,532  (19,419          
Convertible senior notes interest(4)  2,013   2,012             6,038   5,769           
Amortization of debt financing costs(2)  1,023   988             3,927   2,969           
Amortization of debt discount(2)  910   882             2,710   2,377           
Benefit for current income taxes  2,176   474             18,284   5,645           
Changes in working capital  240   (2,934        (17,727  (6,691      
Cash used in operating activities  (9,016  (11,230            (33,088  (30,117          
Changes in working capital  (240  2,934           17,727   6,691         
Free cash flow  (9,256  (8,296  (960  (11.6  (15,361  (23,426  8,065   34.4 

NM — Not meaningful

(1)For the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018, selling, general and administrative expenses included $1.9 million and $7.5 million, respectively, of costs incurred in connection with the evaluation of various investment and acquisition/disposition opportunities, compared with $3.0 million and $7.9 million, respectively, for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2017. For the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2017, selling, general and administrative expenses also included $1.4 million and $6.8 million, respectively, of costs related to the implementation of a shared service center.
(2)Interest expense, net, included non-cash amortization of deferred financing fees and non-cash amortization of debt discount related to the 2.00% Convertible Senior Notes due October 2023.
(3)Pension expense primarily consists of interest cost, expected return on plan assets and amortization of actuarial and performance gains and losses.

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Results of Operations: Corporate and Other – (continued)

(4)Represents the cash interest expense reclassified to Atlantic Aviation related to the 2.00% Convertible Senior Notes due October 2023, proceeds of which were used to pay down a portion of Atlantic Aviation’s credit facility in October 2016.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

General

Our primary cash requirements include normal operating expenses, debt service, debt principal payments, payments of dividends and capital expenditures. Our primary source of cash is operating activities, although we may draw on credit facilities for capital expenditures, issue new equity or debt or sell assets to generate cash.

We may from time to time seek to purchase or retire our outstanding debt in open market purchases, privately negotiated transactions or otherwise. Such repurchases, if any, will depend on market conditions, our liquidity needs and other factors.

At September 30, 2018, including BEC debt classified as held for sale in our consolidated condensed balance sheet, our consolidated debt outstanding totaled $3,690.7 million (excluding adjustments for unamortized debt discounts), our consolidated cash balance totaled $50.2 million and consolidated available capacity under our revolving credit facilities totaled $955.5 million, excluding letters of credit outstanding of $48.4 million.

Following the quarter end, we have used the proceeds from the sale of BEC and cash on hand to pay down the majority of the outstanding balances on our and our businesses’ revolving credit facilities. The repayment of our revolving credit facilities has strengthened our balance sheet and increased our financial flexibility. We may redraw these facilities in the future, other than $150.0 million of debt we repaid at IMTT that we do not expect to redraw, to fund a portion of our planned growth capital deployments.

In July 2018, we included our 2.875% Convertible Senior Notes due July 2019 in the current portion of the long-term debt on our consolidated condensed balance sheet. We expect to refinance this debt prior to its maturity in July 2019.

The following table shows MIC’s proportionate debt obligations at October 30, 2018 ($in thousands):

    
Business Debt Weighted Average Remaining Life
(in years)
 Balance Outstanding(1) Weighted Average Rate(2)
MIC Corporate  Revolving Facility   3.2  $26,500   4.05
    Convertible Senior Notes   3.0   752,445   2.41
IMTT  Senior Notes   7.5   600,000   3.97
    Tax-Exempt Bonds(3)
   3.6   508,975   3.37
Atlantic Aviation  Term Loan   2.9   375,000   2.75
Contracted Power  Renewables – Project Finance   13.6   242,343   4.83
MIC Hawaii(4)  Term Loan   4.8   95,821   2.85
    Senior Notes   3.8   100,000   4.22
Total     5.1  $2,701,084   3.30

(1)Proportionate to MIC’s ownership interest.
(2)Reflects annualized interest rate on all facilities including interest rate hedges.
(3)Interest rate reflect the impact of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act
(4)Excludes $2.2 million of equipment loans at the MIC Hawaii business.

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Liquidity and Capital Resources – (continued)

The following table profiles each revolving credit facility at our businesses and at MIC Corporate as of October 30, 2018 ($in thousands):

    
Business Debt Weighted
Average
Remaining Life
(in years)
 Undrawn
Amount
 Interest Rate(1)
MIC Corporate(2)  Revolving Facility   3.2  $573,500   LIBOR + 1.750% 
IMTT  USD Revolving Facility   1.6   550,000   LIBOR + 1.500% 
    CAD Revolving Facility   1.6   50,000   Bankers’ Acceptance Rate + 1.500% 
Atlantic Aviation  Revolving Facility   2.9   350,000   LIBOR + 1.750% 
Contracted Power –  Renewables  Revolving Facility   1.1   19,980   LIBOR + 2.000% 
MIC Hawaii(3)  Revolving Facility   4.3   60,000   LIBOR + 1.250% 
Total(4)     2.6  $1,603,480    

(1)Excludes commitment fees.
(2)On January 3, 2018, the Company completed the refinancing and upsizing of its senior secured revolving credit facility and extended its maturity to January 2022.
(3)On February 12, 2018, Hawaii Gas completed the refinancing of its existing $60.0 million revolving credit facility and extended its maturity to February 2023.
(4)Excludes letters of credit outstanding of $37.8 million.

We will, in general, apply cash to the repayment of revolving credit facility balances as a means of minimizing interest expense and draw on those facilities to fund growth projects and for general corporate purposes.

We use revolving credit facilities at each of our operating companies and the holding company as a source of liquidity to meet future requirements, manage interest expense and fund growth projects. We base our assessment of the sufficiency of our liquidity and capital resources on the assumptions that:

our businesses overall generate, and are expected to continue to generate, significant operating cash flow;
the ongoing capital expenditures associated with our businesses are readily funded from their respective operating cash flow or available debt facilities; and
we will be able to refinance, extend and/or repay the principal amount of maturing long-term debt on terms that can be supported by our businesses.

We capitalize our businesses in part using floating rate bank debt with medium-term maturities of between five and seven years. In general, we hedge any floating rate exposure for the majority of the term of these facilities. We also use longer dated private placement debt and other forms of capital including bond or hybrid debt instruments to capitalize our businesses. In general, the debt facilities at our businesses are non-recourse to the holding company and there are no cross-collateralization or cross-guarantee provisions in these facilities.

Our wind and solar facilities are financed primarily with fully amortizing non-recourse project finance style debt with maturities prior to or coterminous with the expiration of the underlying PPAs.

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Liquidity and Capital Resources – (continued)

Analysis of Consolidated Historical Cash Flows

The following section discusses our sources and uses of cash on a consolidated basis. All intercompany activities such as corporate allocations, capital contributions to our businesses and distributions from our businesses have been excluded from the table as these transactions are eliminated on consolidation.

    
($ In Thousands) Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 Change
Favorable/(Unfavorable)
 2018 2017(1)
 $ $ $ %
Cash provided by operating activities  413,053   398,360   14,693   3.7 
Cash used in investing activities  (131,286  (455,102  323,816   71.2 
Cash (used in) provided by financing activities  (246,201  53,582   (299,783  NM 

NM — Not meaningful

(1)Conformed to current period presentation for the adoption of ASU No. 2016-18,Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Restricted Cash. See Note 2, “Basis of Presentation”, in our Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements in Part I of this Form 10-Q for recently issued accounting standards.

Operating Activities

Cash provided by (used in) operating activities is generally comprised of EBITDA excluding non-cash items (as defined by us), less cash interest, tax and pension payments, and changes in working capital. See “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Results of Operations” for discussions around the components of EBITDA excluding non-cash items on a consolidated basis and for each of our businesses above.

The increase in consolidated cash provided by operating activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 compared with the nine months ended September 30, 2017 was primarily due to:

the improvement in collection of accounts receivable on higher balances from the increase in the cost of jet fuel at Atlantic Aviation and the increase in the cost of propane and synthetic natural gas at MIC Hawaii;
timing of prepaid expenses, primarily related to insurance premiums; and
collection of development fees and interest receivable from a renewables developer on a revolving credit facility provided by our Contracted Power business; partially offset by
an increase in interest expense; and
an increase in current state taxes.

Investing Activities

Cash provided by investing activities include proceeds from divestitures of businesses and fixed assets. Cash used in investing activities include acquisitions of businesses in new and existing segments and capital expenditures. Acquisitions of businesses are generally funded by raising additional equity and/or drawings on credit facilities.

In general, maintenance capital expenditures are funded by cash from operating activities and growth capital expenditures are funded by drawing on our available credit facilities or with equity capital. See “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Results of Operation” for maintenance capital expenditures for each of our businesses.

The decrease in consolidated cash used in investing activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 compared with the nine months ended September 30, 2017 was primarily due to:

a larger amount of acquisition and investment activities completed in 2017;
a decrease in capital expenditures generally;

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Liquidity and Capital Resources – (continued)

proceeds from the sale of businesses during 2018; and
a decrease in net borrowings by a renewables developer on a revolving credit facility provided by our Contracted Power business.

Capital Deployment

Capital deployment includes growth capital expenditures and “bolt-on” acquisitions, the majority of which are expected to generate incremental earnings. For the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, we deployed $138.6 million and $541.5 million, respectively, of growth capital in our existing businesses including an on-field consolidation (acquisition) of an FBO for $11.4 million during the first quarter of 2018.

We continuously evaluate opportunities to prudently deploy capital in acquisitions and growth projects, whether in our existing businesses or new lines of business. We expect to undertake a number of capital projects related to the repurposing and repositioning of certain assets at IMTT and the improvement in capacity and capabilities of the businesses in our other segments. We expect to deploy approximately $200.0 million of capital into growth projects and “bolt-on” acquisitions during the year.

Financing Activities

Cash provided by financing activities primarily includes new equity issuance and debt issuance related to acquisitions and capital expenditures. Cash used in financing activities primarily includes dividends to our stockholders and the repayment of debt principal balances on maturing debt.

The change from consolidated cash provided by financing activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 to cash used in financing activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 was primarily due to:

a decrease in net borrowings used partially to fund capital deployment and general corporate purposes; partially offset by
a decrease in dividends paid to stockholders in 2018.

IMTT

During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, IMTT borrowed $17.0 million primarily for general corporate purposes and repaid $10.0 million on its revolving credit facility. At September 30, 2018, IMTT had $1.3 billion of total debt outstanding consisting of $600.0 million of senior notes, $509.0 million of tax-exempt bonds and $217.0 million drawn on its revolving credit facility. IMTT has access to $600.0 million of revolving credit facilities, of which $383.0 million remained undrawn at September 30, 2018.

In October 2018, using the proceeds from the sale of BEC and cash on hand, we repaid in full the outstanding balance of $217.0 million on the IMTT revolving credit facility.

Cash interest expense was $35.4 million and $29.7 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. At September 30, 2018, IMTT was in compliance with its financial covenants.

Atlantic Aviation

During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, Atlantic Aviation borrowed $33.0 million on its revolving credit facility primarily to fund an on-field consolidation of an FBO and for general corporate purposes. At September 30, 2018, Atlantic Aviation had total debt outstanding of $666.0 million comprised of a $375.0 million senior secured, first lien term loan facility and a $291.0 million balance outstanding on its senior secured, first lien revolving credit facility. Atlantic Aviation has access to a $350.0 million revolving credit facility, of which $59.0 million remained undrawn at September 30, 2018.

In October 2018, using the proceeds from the sale of BEC and cash on hand, we repaid in full the outstanding balance of $291.0 million on the Atlantic Aviation revolving credit facility.

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Liquidity and Capital Resources – (continued)

Cash interest expense was $20.6 million and $15.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. Cash interest expense for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 includes the cash interest expense on the $402.5 million of the MIC Corporate 2.00% Convertible Senior Notes issued in October 2016 and due in October 2023. The proceeds from the note issuance were used principally to reduce the drawn balance of Atlantic Aviation’s revolving credit facility. At September 30, 2018, Atlantic Aviation was in compliance with its financial covenants.

Contracted Power

At September 30, 2018, the businesses within our Contracted Power segment had $556.7 million in term loans outstanding, of which $243.5 million related to BEC and was classified as held for sale in the consolidated condensed balance sheet. Cash interest expense paid by these businesses was $19.5 million and $20.6 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

At September 30, 2018, BEC also had access to a revolving credit facility of $25.0 million that was undrawn. Cash interest expense for BEC was $7.5 million and $7.9 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. At September 30, 2018, BEC was in compliance with its financial covenants. On October 12, 2018, we concluded the sale of BEC and received cash of $657.4 million, net of the assumption of the outstanding debt balance of $243.5 million by the buyer.

At September 30, 2018, our wind and solar facilities had an aggregate $313.2 million in term loan debt outstanding. Cash interest expense totaled $12.0 million and $12.7 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. At September 30, 2018, all of the wind and solar facilities were in compliance with their respective financial covenants.

MIC Hawaii

At September 30, 2018, the businesses of MIC Hawaii had total debt outstanding of $213.2 million comprising $198.2 million in term loans and $15.0 million outstanding on revolving credit facilities. Cash interest expense totaled $5.7 million and $5.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

In February 2018, Hawaii Gas exercised the second of two one-year extensions related to its $80.0 million secured term loan facility and its $60.0 million revolving credit facility extending their respective maturities to February 2023.

At September 30, 2018, Hawaii Gas had total debt outstanding of $180.0 million in term loan and senior secured note borrowings and $15.0 million outstanding on its revolving credit facility. During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, Hawaii Gas borrowed $20.0 million for general corporate purposes and repaid $5.0 million on its revolving credit facility. Cash interest expense was $5.2 million and $4.8 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

In October 2018, using the proceeds from the sale of BEC and cash on hand, we repaid in full the outstanding balance of $15.0 million on the Hawaii Gas revolving credit facility.

During the quarters ended March 31, 2018 and June 30, 2018, Hawaii Gas was not in compliance with certain credit agreement provisions. In the quarter ended September 30, 2018, the business received waivers from its syndicate of lenders relating to the non-compliance. At September 30, 2018, Hawaii Gas was again in compliance with its credit agreement having received waivers from its lenders.

At September 30, 2018, the other businesses within MIC Hawaii had $18.2 million of debt outstanding, consisting primarily of $16.0 million term loan debt related to our solar facilities. At September 30, 2018, these businesses were in compliance with their financial covenants.

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Liquidity and Capital Resources – (continued)

MIC Corporate

At September 30, 2018, MIC had $350.0 million of 2.875% Convertible Senior Notes due July 2019 and $402.5 million of 2.00% Convertible Senior Notes due October 2023 outstanding. At September 30, 2018, MIC also had an outstanding balance on a $600.0 million senior secured revolving credit facility of $176.5 million.

In October 2018, using the proceeds from the sale of BEC and cash on hand, we repaid $150.0 million on our revolving credit facility.

Cash interest expense was $12.9 million and $8.3 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. Cash interest expense in both periods excludes the cash interest expense related to the $402.5 million of 2.00% Convertible Senior Notes issued in October 2016 and due in October 2023. The proceeds from the note issuance were used principally to reduce the drawn balance of Atlantic Aviation’s revolving credit facility. SeeAtlantic Aviation above. At September 30, 2018, MIC Corporate was in compliance with its financial covenants.

For a description of the material terms and debt covenants of MIC and its businesses, see Note 7, “Long-Term Debt”, in Part II, Item 8, of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017.

Commitments and Contingencies

Except as noted above, at September 30, 2018, there were no material changes in our commitments and contingencies compared with those at December 31, 2017. At September 30, 2018, we did not have any material purchase obligations. For a discussion of our other future obligations, due by period, under the various contractual obligations, off-balance sheet arrangements and commitments, please see “Liquidity and Capital Resources — Commitments and Contingencies” in Part II, Item 7 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017, filed with the SEC on February 21, 2018.

At September 30, 2018, we did not have any material reserves for contingencies. We have other contingencies occurring in the normal course of business, including pending legal and administrative proceedings that are not reflected at this time as they are not ascertainable.

Our sources of cash to meet these obligations include:

cash generated from our operations (see “Operating Activities” in “Liquidity and Capital Resources”);
issuance of shares or debt securities (see “Financing Activities” in “Liquidity and Capital Resources”);
refinancing of our current credit facilities at or before maturity (see “Financing Activities” in “Liquidity and Capital Resources”);
��undrawn balances on credit facilities (see “Financing Activities” in “Liquidity and Capital Resources”); and
if advantageous, sale of all or part of any of our businesses (see “Investing Activities” in “Liquidity and Capital Resources”).

As described above under “Recent Developments”, on July 27, 2018, our intermediate holding company within the Contracted Power segment entered into an agreement to sell 100% of BEC. On October 12, 2018, we concluded the sale of BEC and received cash of $657.4 million, net of the assumption of the outstanding debt balance of $243.5 million by the buyer and subject to post-closing working capital adjustments. Any such adjustments are not expected to be significant. The buyer and seller have agreed to indemnify each other for breaches of representations, warranties and covenants in the purchase agreement, subject to certain exceptions and limitations. We have guaranteed our subsidiary’s payment and certain post-closing indemnity obligations under the purchase agreement.

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Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

For critical accounting policies and estimates, see “Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates” in Part II, Item 7 and Note 2 “Summary of Significant Accounting Policies” in Part II, Item 8 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017 and see Note 2, “Basis of Presentation”, in our Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements in Part I of this Form 10-Q for recently issued accounting standards. Our critical accounting policies and estimates have not changed materially from the description contained in our Annual Report.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

For quantitative and qualitative disclosures about market risk, see Part II, Item 7A “Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017. Our exposure to market risk has not changed materially since February 21, 2018, the filing date for our Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Interim Goodwill Review

We test for goodwill impairment at the reporting unit level on an annual basis on October 1st of each year and between annual tests if a triggering event indicates impairment. We continuously monitor events which could trigger an interim impairment analysis, such as changing business conditions and industry and other economic factors. During the year, we experienced a sustained decline in market capitalization since February 2018, and during the third quarter of 2018, we concluded a sustained decline in our market capitalization had occurred, leading to the determination that a triggering event had occurred for all of our reporting units.

We performed an interim impairment analysis using financial information through September 30, 2018 and forecasts for cash flows developed using our strategic plan. The impairment analysis was performed using both the market and income approaches and weighting them based on their application to the reporting units. The interim impairment review was performed across all of our reporting units. As a result of this evaluation, the fair value of each of our reporting units exceeded the carrying value and no impairment was recorded.

At September 30, 2018, the fair value exceeded book value by $2.2 billion, or approximately 36.0%, primarily from Atlantic Aviation, by approximately $2.0 billion, and Hawaii Gas, by approximately $250.0 million. IMTT’s fair value at September 30, 2018 exceeded the book value by approximately $20.0 million. The fair value of IMTT was impacted by the recent decline in short-term earnings related to the non-renewal of certain contracts for heavy and residual oil. The non-renewal of these contracts, or the renewal at lower rates, is partially attributable to changes in trade flows.

Unfavorable fluctuations in the discount rate or declines in forecasted storage revenues and margins could result in an impairment on IMTT. A 0.25% increase to the discount rate would change the valuation of IMTT by approximately $80.0 million. Any increase in discount rate, in conjunction with any decrease to the long-term projections in cash flows for IMTT will negatively affect the current valuations. Due to the inherent uncertainties involved in making the estimates and assumptions used in the fair value analysis, actual results may differ, which could alter the fair value of the reporting units, and possibly result in impairment charges in future periods. We will continue to evaluate the fair value of goodwill through the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2018 for any potential impairment.

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Controls and Procedures

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

Under the direction and with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, we evaluated our disclosure controls and procedures (as such term is defined under Rule 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) of the Exchange Act) as of the end of the period covered by this report. The purpose of disclosure controls is to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports filed with or submitted to the SEC under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms. Disclosure controls are also designed to ensure that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. Based on this evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of September 30, 2018.

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

There has been no change in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the quarter ended September 30, 2018 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

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MACQUARIE INFRASTRUCTURE CORPORATION
 
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED BALANCE SHEETS
($ in Thousands, Except Share Data)

  
 September 30,
2018
 December 31,
2017
   (Unaudited)   
ASSETS
          
Current assets:
          
Cash and cash equivalents $50,162  $47,121 
Restricted cash  41,238   24,963 
Accounts receivable, less allowance for doubtful accounts of $1,114 and $895, respectively  130,777   158,152 
Inventories  30,807   36,955 
Prepaid expenses  9,329   14,685 
Fair value of derivative instruments  17,510   11,965 
Other current assets  13,040   13,804 
Assets held for sale(1)  971,934    
Total current assets  1,264,797   307,645 
Property, equipment, land and leasehold improvements, net  3,753,291   4,659,614 
Investment in unconsolidated business  9,296   9,526 
Goodwill  2,043,800   2,068,668 
Intangible assets, net  813,348   914,098 
Fair value of derivative instruments  26,958   24,455 
Other noncurrent assets  26,980   24,945 
Total assets $7,938,470  $8,008,951 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
          
Current liabilities:
          
Due to Manager-related party $4,474  $5,577 
Accounts payable  54,628   60,585 
Accrued expenses  83,424   89,496 
Current portion of long-term debt  392,903   50,835 
Fair value of derivative instruments  534   1,710 
Other current liabilities  52,089   47,762 
Liabilities held for sale(1)  299,659    
Total current liabilities  887,711   255,965 
Long-term debt, net of current portion  3,009,008   3,530,311 
Deferred income taxes  656,708   632,070 
Fair value of derivative instruments  1,174   4,668 
Tolling agreements – noncurrent     52,595 
Other noncurrent liabilities  187,957   182,639 
Total liabilities  4,742,558   4,658,248 
Commitments and contingencies      

 
 
See accompanying notes to the consolidated condensed financial statements.

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MACQUARIE INFRASTRUCTURE CORPORATION
 
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED BALANCE SHEETS – (continued)
($ in Thousands, Except Share Data)

  
 September 30,
2018
 December 31,
2017
   (Unaudited)   
Stockholders’ equity(2):
          
Common stock ($0.001 par value; 500,000,000 authorized; 85,550,576 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2018 and 84,733,957 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2017) $86  $85 
Additional paid in capital  1,585,328   1,840,033 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss  (32,085  (29,993
Retained earnings  1,480,471   1,343,567 
Total stockholders’ equity  3,033,800   3,153,692 
Noncontrolling interests  162,112   197,011 
Total equity  3,195,912   3,350,703 
Total liabilities and equity $7,938,470  $8,008,951 

(1)See Note 2, “Basis of Presentation”, for further discussion on assets and liabilities held for sale.
(2)The Company is authorized to issue 100,000,000 shares of preferred stock, par value $0.001 per share. At September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, no preferred stock were issued or outstanding. The Company had 100 shares of special stock issued and outstanding to its Manager at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017.

 
 
See accompanying notes to the consolidated condensed financial statements.

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MACQUARIE INFRASTRUCTURE CORPORATION
 
CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Unaudited)
($ in Thousands, Except Share and Per Share Data)

    
 Quarter Ended
September 30,
 Nine Months Ended
September 30,
   2018 2017 2018 2017
Revenue
                    
Service revenue $361,031  $358,220  $1,139,637  $1,067,069 
Product revenue  112,249   94,841   313,279   276,439 
Total revenue  473,280   453,061   1,452,916   1,343,508 
Costs and expenses
                    
Cost of services  166,694   153,218   533,889   455,038 
Cost of product sales  47,823   35,669   148,372   123,143 
Selling, general and administrative  86,487   84,898   262,371   244,817 
Fees to Manager-related party  12,333   17,954   36,113   54,610 
Goodwill impairment  3,215      3,215    
Depreciation  56,924   58,009   179,368   172,753 
Amortization of intangibles  20,030   17,329   55,470   50,920 
Total operating expenses  393,506   367,077   1,218,798   1,101,281 
Operating income  79,774   85,984   234,118   242,227 
Other income (expense)
                    
Interest income  113   54   304   129 
Interest expense(1)  (32,616  (29,291  (81,693  (90,129
Other (expense) income, net  (18,011  4,973   (11,721  7,893 
Net income before income taxes  29,260   61,720   141,008   160,120 
Provision for income taxes  (7,884  (25,547  (36,558  (65,284
Net income $21,376  $36,173  $104,450  $94,836 
Less: net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests  (328  (3,922  (32,454  (7,294
Net income attributable to MIC $21,704  $40,095  $136,904  $102,130 
Basic income per share attributable to MIC $0.25  $0.48  $1.61  $1.23 
Weighted average number of shares outstanding: basic  85,378,088   83,644,806   85,095,956   82,743,285 
Diluted income per share attributable to MIC $0.25  $0.48  $1.61  $1.23 
Weighted average number of shares outstanding: diluted  85,398,566   87,916,538   85,109,213   82,752,800 
Cash dividends declared per share $1.00  $1.42  $3.00  $4.12 

(1)Interest expense includes gains on derivative instruments of $4.8 million and $25.8 million for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively. For the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2017, interest expense includes losses on derivative instruments of $162,000 and $6.9 million, respectively.

 
 
See accompanying notes to the consolidated condensed financial statements.

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CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(Unaudited)
($ in Thousands)

    
 Quarter Ended
September 30,
 Nine Months Ended
September 30,
   2018 2017 2018 2017
Net income $21,376  $36,173  $104,450  $94,836 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of taxes:
                    
Translation adjustment(1)  1,381   1,641   (2,092  2,738 
Other comprehensive income (loss)  1,381   1,641   (2,092  2,738 
Comprehensive income $22,757  $37,814  $102,358  $97,574 
Less: comprehensive loss attributable to noncontrolling interests  (328  (3,922  (32,454  (7,294
Comprehensive income attributable to MIC $23,085  $41,736  $134,812  $104,868 

(1)Translation adjustment is presented net of tax expense of $515,000 and tax benefit of $802,000 for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively. For the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2017, translation adjustment is presented net of tax expense of $1.1 million and $1.9 million, respectively.

 
 
See accompanying notes to the consolidated condensed financial statements.

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CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
($ in Thousands)

  
 Nine Months Ended
September 30,
   2018 2017(1)
Operating activities
          
Net income $104,450  $94,836 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
          
Non-cash goodwill impairment  3,215    
Depreciation and amortization of property and equipment  179,368   172,753 
Amortization of intangible assets  55,470   50,920 
Amortization of debt financing costs  7,430   6,464 
Amortization of debt discount  2,710   2,377 
Adjustments to derivative instruments  (19,782  3,414 
Fees to Manager-related party  36,113   54,610 
Deferred taxes  25,899   56,791 
Pension expense  6,284   6,481 
Other non-cash expense (income), net(2)  14,359   (2,651
Changes in other assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions/dispositions:
          
Accounts receivable  6,200   (18,938
Inventories  (2,003  (4,563
Prepaid expenses and other current assets  2,605   (7,040
Due to Manager-related party  155   (178
Accounts payable and accrued expenses  4,896   (4,444
Income taxes payable  654   (1,223
Other, net  (14,970  (11,249
Net cash provided by operating activities  413,053   398,360 
Investing activities
          
Acquisitions of businesses and investments, net of cash acquired  (12,515  (208,377
Purchases of property and equipment  (159,037  (234,833
Loan to project developer  (17,800  (18,675
Loan repayment from project developer  16,561   6,604 
Proceeds from sale of business, net of cash divested  41,038    
Other, net  467   179 
Net cash used in investing activities  (131,286  (455,102

 
 
See accompanying notes to the consolidated condensed financial statements.

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CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS – (continued)
(Unaudited)
($ in Thousands)

  
 Nine Months Ended
September 30,
   2018 2017(1)
Financing activities
          
Proceeds from long-term debt $275,500  $585,500 
Payment of long-term debt  (223,529  (200,722
Proceeds from the issuance of shares     5,699 
Dividends paid to common stockholders  (292,715  (332,867
Contributions received from noncontrolling interests  567   102 
Distributions paid to noncontrolling interests  (3,028  (2,962
Offering and equity raise costs paid  (35  (355
Debt financing costs paid  (2,874  (447
Payment of capital lease obligations  (87  (366
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities  (246,201  53,582 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents  (442  449 
Net change in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash  35,124   (2,711
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period  72,084   61,257 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period $107,208  $58,546 
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information
          
Non-cash investing and financing activities:
          
Accrued equity offering costs $83  $97 
Accrued financing costs $  $21 
Accrued purchases of property and equipment $23,801  $33,184 
Issuance of shares to Manager $37,372  $54,927 
Issuance of shares to independent directors $750  $681 
Issuance of shares for acquisition of business $  $125,000 
Conversion of convertible senior notes to shares $6  $17 
Distributions payable to noncontrolling interests $5  $32 
Taxes paid, net $10,991  $9,810 
Interest paid $91,200  $82,108 

(1)Conformed to current period presentation. See Note 2, “Basis of Presentation”, for Recently Issued Accounting Standards adopted during the nine months ended September 30, 2018.
(2)Other non-cash expense (income), net, includes the write-down of the Company’s investment in the design-build mechanical contractor business for the nine months ended September 30, 2018.

The following table provides a reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash reported within the consolidated condensed balance sheets that sum to the total of the same amounts presented in the consolidated condensed statements of cash flows:

  
 As of September 30,
   2018 2017
Cash and cash equivalents $  50,162  $  35,737 
Restricted cash – current  41,238   22,809 
Restricted cash held for sale(3)  15,808    
Total of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash shown in the consolidated condensed statement of cash flows $107,208  $58,546 

(3)Represents restricted cash related to BEC, which were classified as held for sale at September 30, 2018. See Note 2, “Basis of Presentation”, for further discussion.

 
 
See accompanying notes to the consolidated condensed financial statements.

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

1. Organization and Description of Business

Macquarie Infrastructure Corporation (MIC) is a Delaware corporation formed on May 21, 2015. MIC’s predecessor, Macquarie Infrastructure Company LLC, was formed on April 13, 2004. Macquarie Infrastructure Corporation, both on an individual entity basis and together with its consolidated subsidiaries, is referred to in these financial statements as the “Company” or “MIC”.

MIC is externally managed by Macquarie Infrastructure Management (USA) Inc. (the Manager), pursuant to the terms of a Management Services Agreement, that is subject to the oversight and supervision of the board of directors. The majority of the members of the Board of Directors, and each member of all Board Committees, is independent and has no affiliation with Macquarie. The Manager is a member of the Macquarie Group of companies comprising the Macquarie Group Limited and its subsidiaries and affiliates worldwide. Macquarie Group Limited is headquartered in Australia and is listed on the Australian Securities Exchange.

The Company owns its businesses through its direct wholly-owned subsidiary MIC Ohana Corporation, the successor to Macquarie Infrastructure Company Inc. The Company owns and operates a diversified portfolio of businesses that provide services to other businesses, government agencies and individuals primarily in the U.S. The businesses it owns and operates are organized into four segments:

International-Matex Tank Terminals (IMTT):  a business providing bulk liquid terminalling to third parties at 17 terminals in the U.S. and two in Canada;
Atlantic Aviation:  a provider of fuel, terminal, aircraft hangaring and other services primarily to owners and operators of general aviation (GA) jet aircraft at 70 airports throughout the U.S.;
Contracted Power:  comprising controlling interests in wind and solar facilities in the U.S.; and
MIC Hawaii:  comprising an energy company that processes and distributes gas and provides related services (Hawaii Gas) and several smaller businesses collectively engaged in efforts to reduce the cost and improve the reliability and sustainability of energy in Hawaii.

Through October 12, 2018, the Company’s Contracted Power business also included a gas-fired facility. See Note 2, “Basis of Presentation”, for further information.

2. Basis of Presentation

The unaudited consolidated condensed financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (GAAP) and in accordance with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X for interim financial information. Certain information or footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed or omitted, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) for interim financial reporting. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and notes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included.

The consolidated balance sheet at December 31, 2017 has been derived from audited financial statements but does not include all of the information and notes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. Certain reclassifications were made to the financial statements for the prior period to conform to current period presentation.

The interim financial information contained herein should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto for the year ended December 31, 2017 included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, as filed with the SEC on February 21, 2018. Operating results for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2018 or for any future interim periods.

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

2. Basis of Presentation  – (continued)

Use of Estimates

The preparation of unaudited consolidated condensed financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures related thereto at the date of the unaudited consolidated condensed financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Management evaluates these estimates and assumptions on an ongoing basis.

Making estimates requires management to exercise significant judgment. It is at least reasonably possible that the estimate of the effect of a condition, situation or set of circumstances that existed at the date of the unaudited interim consolidated condensed financial statements, which management considered in formulating its estimate, could change in the near term due to one or more future confirming events. Accordingly, the actual results could differ significantly from estimates.

Financial Instruments

The Company’s financial instruments, including cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable and variable-rate senior debt, are carried at cost, which approximates their fair value because of either the short-term maturity, or competitive interest rates assigned to these financial instruments.

Assets and Liabilities Held for Sale — Bayonne Energy Center (BEC)

During the quarter ended March 31, 2018, the Company announced that it was exploring the potential sale of a portion or all of Bayonne Energy Center (BEC), a business within the Contracted Power segment. On July 27, 2018, the Company entered into an agreement to sell 100% of BEC to NHIP II Bayonne Holdings LLC.

At September 30, 2018, the Company classified $971.9 million as assets held for sale, of which approximately $845.0 million related to property, equipment, land and leasehold improvements, approximately $50.0 million related to intangible assets and approximately $20.0 million in goodwill, and $299.7 million as liabilities held for sale, of which $243.5 million related to total debt, on the consolidated condensed balance sheet. The sale of BEC will not qualify for discontinued operation presentation under ASC 205-20, Presentation of Financial Statements — Discontinued Operations.

On October 12, 2018, the Company concluded the sale of BEC and received cash of $657.4 million, net of the assumption of the outstanding debt balance of $243.5 million by the buyer and subject to post-closing working capital adjustments resulting in a preliminary pre-tax gain of approximately $5.0 million. Any such adjustments could result in an adjustment to the expected gain. Any adjustment is not expected to be significant. The Company incurred approximately $10.0 million in professional fees in relation to this transaction of which approximately $3.0 million has been recorded through September 30, 2018. The Company has guaranteed its subsidiary’s payment and certain post-closing indemnity obligations under the purchase agreement.

Investment Write-Down — Critchfield Pacific, Inc. (CPI)

The Company continues to review its strategic options available, including with respect to certain other, smaller businesses in its portfolio. Consistent with this, and in light of the ongoing underperformance of the design-build mechanical contractor, Critchfield Pacific, Inc. (CPI) within the MIC Hawaii segment, the Company wrote-down its investment in the business in the third quarter of 2018. In total, the Company wrote-down approximately $30.0 million, which includes fixed assets and intangible assets of approximately $9.0 million, as well as reserving for certain contract related amounts recorded in other current liabilities and other expenses. Following the quarter end, the Company commenced a sale process for CPI and have reached an agreement to sell the business for a nominal sum in a transaction that is expected to close before the end of the year.

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

2. Basis of Presentation  – (continued)

Recently Issued Accounting Standards

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-14,Compensation — Retirement Benefits — Defined Benefit Plans — General (Subtopic 715-20): Disclosure Framework — Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Defined Benefit Plans. The amendments in ASU 2018-14 update disclosure requirements for employers that sponsor defined benefit pension or other postretirement plans. The amendments in this update are effective for fiscal years ending after December 15, 2020. Early adoption is permitted. The Company will include appropriate disclosures related to defined benefit plans in accordance with the standard when it adopts the provisions of this ASU.

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-13,Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework — Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement. The amendments in ASU 2018-13 update the disclosure requirements on fair value measurements, including the consideration of costs and benefits. The disclosure modifications focused on Level 3 fair value measurements, and also eliminate theat a minimum disclosure requirements. The amendments in this update are effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2019, and interim periods within those fiscal years. The amendments on changes in unrealized gains and losses, the range and weighted average of significant unobservable inputs used to develop Level 3 fair value measurements, and the narrative description of measurement uncertainty should be applied prospectively for only the most recent interim or annual period presented in the initial fiscal year of adoption. All other amendments should be applied retrospectively to all periods presented upon their effective date. Early adoption is permitted upon issuance of this Update. An entity is permitted to early adopt any removed or modified disclosures upon issuance of this Update and delay adoption of the additional disclosures until their effective date. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of this ASU.

In February 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-02, Income Statement — Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (AOCI). The amendments in ASU 2018-02 allow entities to reclassify from AOCI to retained earnings “stranded” tax effects resulting from passage of the Act. An entity that elects to reclassify these amounts must reclassify stranded tax effects related to the change in federal tax rate for all items accounted for in other comprehensive income (i.e. employee benefits, cumulative translation adjustments). Entities may also elect to reclassify other stranded tax effects that relate to the Act but do not directly relate to the change in the federal tax rate (i.e. state taxes). However, because the amendments only relate to the reclassification of the income tax effects of the Act, the underlying guidance requiring the effect of a change in tax laws or rates to be included in income from operations is not affected. Upon adoption of ASU 2018-02, entities are required to disclose their policy for releasing the income tax effects from AOCI. ASU 2018-02 is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted. The amendments in 2018-02 may be applied retrospectively to each period in which the effect of the Act is recognized or an entity may elect to apply the amendments in the period of adoption. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of this ASU.

On January 26, 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-04, Intangibles — Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment, which simplifies the measurement of goodwill subsequent to a business combination, and no longer requires an entity to perform a hypothetical purchase price allocation when computing implied fair value to measure goodwill impairment. Instead, impairment will be assessed by quantifying the difference between the fair value of a reporting unit and its carrying amount. An impairment charge would be recognized for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit’s fair value, on condition that the charge doesn’t exceed the total amount of goodwill allocated to that reporting unit. The guidance in the ASU is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2019 for public issuers and shall be applied prospectively. Early adoption is permitted. The Company adopted this ASU on January 1, 2018.

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

2. Basis of Presentation  – (continued)

On January 5, 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-01, Business Combinations (Topic 805): Clarifying the Definition of a Business, which provides a restrictive framework for determining whether business transactions should be accounted for as acquisitions (or disposals) of assets or businesses. Determining whether a company acquires a set of assets or a business will impact the initial measurement, the accounting treatment of direct acquisition related costs, contingent considerations and the bargain purchase price. The guidance in the ASU is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2017 for public issuers and shall be applied prospectively. The Company adopted this ASU on January 1, 2018 and will apply this ASU prospectively for asset acquisitions and business combinations.

On November 17, 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-18, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Restricted Cash, which requires companies to show the changes in the total of cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents in the statement of cash flows. This reconciliation can be presented either on the face of the statement of cash flows or in the notes to the financial statements. The guidance will be applied retrospectively and is effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those years. The Company adopted this ASU on January 1, 2018 and included the retrospective application of this ASU in the accompanying consolidated condensed statement of cash flows.

On February 25, 2016, FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), which requires a lessee to recognize assets and liabilities for leases with lease terms of more than 12 months. The recognition, measurement and presentation of expenses and cash flows arising from a lease by a lessee primarily will depend on its classification as a finance or operating lease. However, unlike current GAAP, which requires only capital leases to be recognized on the balance sheet, ASU 2016-02 will require all leases with an initial term greater than one year to be recognized on the balance sheet as a right-of-use asset and a lease liability. The Company also serves as a lessor primarily through operating leases. The accounting for lessors is not expected to fundamentally change except for changes to conform and align existing guidance to the lessee guidance under ASU 2016-02, as well as to the new revenue recognition guidance in ASU 2014-09. ASU 2016-02 is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2018. Early adoption is allowed. The standard is to be applied using a modified retrospective approach, which includes a number of optional practical expedients. In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-11,Leases (Topic 842) Targeted Improvements, which allows lessees and lessors to recognize and measure leases at the beginning of the period of adoption without modifying the comparative period financial statements.

The Company is in the process of completing its assessment of the overall impact and is currently planning for the adoption and implementation of ASU 2016-02. ASU 2016-02 will have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated balance sheets; however, the Company does not expect a material impact on its consolidated statements of operations. Further, the Company does not expect the standard to have a material impact on the accounting and reporting requirements for existing operating leases where the Company is the lessor as it expects to elect the practical expedient whereby the Company will not separate a qualifying contract into its lease and non-lease components. While the Company is continuing to assess potential impacts of the standard, it currently expects the most significant impact will be the recognition of ROU assets and lease liabilities for operating leases with original terms of over one year where the Company is the lessee. The Company will adopt ASU 2016-02 as of January 1, 2019 using the modified retrospective method as of the period of adoption rather than the earliest period presented. The Company is currently in the process of executing its implementation plan by installing a lease accounting technology system, gathering lease contracts and abstracting key financial data, and finalizing design of revisions needed to its processes and internal controls. The Company is also continuing to evaluate accounting policy options under the standard, including the use of the optional practical expedients, and evaluating the impact of implementing this guidance on its consolidated financial statements.

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(Unaudited)

3. Implementation of ASU 2014-09

The Company recognizes revenue when promised goods or services are transferred to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which an entity expects to be entitled for those goods or services. The Company has revenue that is derived from long-term contracts and leases that can span several years. The Company accounts for revenue in accordance with ASC Topic 606, Revenue, or ASC Topic 840, Leases, depending upon the terms of the agreements. See Note 11, “Long-Term Contracted Revenue”, for further discussions and disclosures.

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606). This guidance sets forth a five-step revenue recognition model that replaces the prior revenue recognition guidance in its entirety. It is intended to eliminate numerous industry-specific pieces of revenue recognition guidance and requires more detailed disclosures. This ASU includes identifying performance obligations in the contract, estimating the amount of variable consideration to include in the transaction price and allocating the transaction price to each separate performance obligation. To further assist with adoption and implementation of ASU 2014-09, the FASB issued and the Company considered the following ASUs:

ASU 2015-14 (Issued August 2015) — Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Deferral of the Effective Date;
ASU 2016-08 (Issued March 2016) — Principal versus Agent Consideration (Reporting Revenue Gross versus Net);
ASU 2016-10 (Issued April 2016) — Identifying Performance Obligations and Licensing;
ASU 2016-12 (Issued May 2016) — Narrow-Scope Improvements and Practical Expedients; and
ASU 2016-20 (Issued December 2016) — Technical Corrections and Improvements to Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers.

The Company adopted ASU 2014-09 during the first quarter of 2018 using the modified retrospective method. There was no adjustment to the beginning balance of retained earnings and the adoption of this ASU did not have a significant impact to the Company’s consolidated financial statements other than the additional required qualitative and quantitative disclosures. As part of the adoption, the Company has not elected to apply any practical expedients available under ASC Topic 606.

IMTT

Revenue from IMTT is generated from the following sources and recorded in service revenue.

Lease.  These are contracts with predominantly non-cancelable terms for access to and the use of storage capacity at the various terminals owned and operated by the business. At September 30, 2018, these contracts had a revenue weighted average remaining contract life of 2.0 years. These contracts generally require payments in exchange for the provision of storage capacity and product movement (thruput) throughout their term based on a fixed rate per barrel of capacity leased. A majority of the contracts include terms that adjust the fixed rate annually for inflation. These contracts are accounted for as operating leases and the related lease income is recognized in service revenue over the term of the contract based upon the rate specified. Revenue is recognized in accordance with ASC 840, Leases.

Other terminal services.  Revenue from the provision of ancillary services includes activities such as heating, mixing, and blending, and is recognized as the related services are performed based on contract rates. Revenue from other terminal services is recognized at a point in time as services are performed. Other terminal services also include payments received prior to the related services being performed or as a reimbursement for specific fixed asset additions or improvements related to a customer’s contract and are recorded as deferred revenue and ratably recognized as revenues over the contract term.

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3. Implementation of ASU 2014-09  – (continued)

Other.  Other revenue is comprised primarily of environmental response service activities through the date of sale and railroad operations. These revenues are generally recognized at a point in time as services are performed.

Atlantic Aviation

Revenue from Atlantic Aviation is recorded in service revenue. Services provided by Atlantic Aviation include:

Fuel.  Fuel services are recognized when fuel has been delivered to the customer, collection of the resulting receivable is probable, persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists and the fee is fixed or determinable. Fuel services are recorded net of volume discounts and rebates. Revenue from fuel sales are recognized at a point in time as services are performed.

Hangar.  Hangar rentals includes both month-to-month rentals and rentals from longer term contracts. Hangar rental revenue excludes transient customer overnight hangar usage (seeOther FBO services below).

Other FBO services.  Other FBO services consisting principally of de-icing services, landing, concession, transient overnight hangar usage, terminal use and fuel distribution fees that are recognized as sales of services. Revenue from these transactions is recorded based on the service fee earned and does not include the cost of fuel.

Contracted Power

BEC revenue is derived from contracts that are accounted for as operating leases that do not have minimum lease payments. This revenue is recorded within product revenue as electricity is delivered.

With respect to BEC’s contracted capacity, revenue is recognized as energy, capacity and ancillary services are sold to the off-taker under the third-party tolling agreements. The agreements are based on a fixed rate per megawatt (MW) of capacity and not subject to dispatch or utilization. A portion of the revenues under the tolling agreements are subject to annual price increases. Revenue under the tolling agreements is subject to availability of capacity (subject to a historical rolling average forced outage factor). Variable operating and major maintenance revenue under the tolling agreements is a function of net plant output and a negotiated rate, which is adjusted annually based on historical plant experience.

With respect to BEC’s residual capacity, revenue is recognized as energy, capacity and ancillary services are sold into the New York Independent System Operator (NYISO) energy market. Revenue for such services is based on prevailing market rates at the time such services are sold. Volumes of energy and ancillary services sold are subject to BEC’s market based dispatch from NYISO.

Owners of the wind and solar facilities sell substantially all of the electricity generated at a fixed price to primarily electric utility customers pursuant to long-term (typically 20 – 25 years) power purchase agreements (PPAs). Substantially all of the PPAs are accounted for as operating leases and have no minimum lease payments and all of the lease income under these leases is recorded within product revenue when the electricity is delivered.

MIC Hawaii

Revenue from Hawaii Gas is recorded in product revenue. Hawaii Gas recognizes revenue when products are delivered. Sales of gas to customers are billed on a monthly-cycle basis. Earned but unbilled revenue is accrued and included in accounts receivable and revenue based on the amount of gas that has been delivered but not billed to customers from the latest meter reading or billed delivery date to the end of an accounting period. The related costs are charged to expense.

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(Unaudited)

3. Implementation of ASU 2014-09  – (continued)

The other businesses within MIC Hawaii consist of primarily a design-build mechanical contractor focused on designing and constructing energy efficient building infrastructure and controlling interests in renewable and distributed power facilities including two facilities on Oahu. Revenue generated by the design-build mechanical contractor business is recognized from long-term construction contracts (commonly referred to as the percentage-of-completion method) and is recorded in service revenue. PPAs at the renewable facilities are accounted for as operating leases and the related lease income is recorded in product revenues when the electricity is delivered.

4. Income per Share

Following is a reconciliation of the basic and diluted income per share computations ($ in thousands, except share and per share data):

    
 Quarter Ended
September 30,
 Nine Months Ended
September 30,
   2018 2017 2018 2017
Numerator:
                    
Net income attributable to MIC $21,704  $40,095  $136,904  $102,130 
Interest expense attributable to 2.875% Convertible Senior Notes due July 2019, net of taxes     1,941       
Diluted net income attributable to MIC $21,704  $42,036  $136,904  $102,130 
Denominator:
                    
Weighted average number of shares outstanding: basic  85,378,088   83,644,806   85,095,956   82,743,285 
Dilutive effect of restricted stock unit grants  20,478   9,435   13,257   9,515 
Dilutive effect of 2.875% Convertible Senior Notes due July 2019     4,262,297       
Weighted average number of shares outstanding: diluted  85,398,566   87,916,538   85,109,213   82,752,800 
Income per share:
                    
Basic income per share attributable to MIC $0.25  $0.48  $1.61  $1.23 
Diluted income per share attributable to MIC $0.25  $0.48  $1.61  $1.23 

The effect of potentially dilutive shares for the quarter ended September 30, 2018 is calculated assuming that the 4,416 restricted stock unit grants provided to the two newly appointed independent directors on September 5, 2018 and the 19,230 restricted stock unit grants provided to the independent directors on June 7, 2018, which all will vest during the second quarter of 2019, had been fully converted into shares on those grant dates. The 2.875% Convertible Senior Notes due July 2019 and the 2.00% Convertible Senior Notes due October 2023 were anti-dilutive for the quarter ended September 30, 2018.

The effect of potentially dilutive shares for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 is calculated assuming that (i) the restricted stock unit grants totaling 4,416 restricted stock unit grants provided to the two newly appointed independent directors on September 5, 2018 and the 19,230 restricted stock unit grants provided to the independent directors on June 7, 2018, which all will vest during the second quarter of 2019, had been fully converted to shares on those grant dates; and (ii) the 9,435 restricted stock unit grants provided to the independent directors on May 17, 2017, which vested during the second quarter of 2018, had been fully converted to shares on the grant date. The 2.875% Convertible Senior Notes due July 2019 and 2.00% Convertible Senior Notes due October 2023 were anti-dilutive for the nine months ended September 30, 2018.

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

4. Income per Share  – (continued)

The effect of potentially dilutive shares for the quarter ended September 30, 2017 is calculated assuming that (i) the restricted stock unit grants totaling 9,435 provided to the independent directors on May 17, 2017, which vested during the second quarter of 2018, had been fully converted to shares on the grant date; and (ii) the 2.875% Convertible Senior Notes due July 2019 had been fully converted into shares on the date of issuance. The 2.00% Convertible Senior Notes due October 2023 were anti-dilutive for the quarter ended September 30, 2017.

The effect of potentially dilutive shares for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 is calculated assuming that (i) the restricted stock unit grants totaling 9,435 provided to the independent directors on May 17, 2017, which vested during the second quarter of 2018, had been fully converted into shares on the grant date; and (ii) the 8,604 restricted stock unit grants (net of 2,151 restricted stock unit grants forfeited on September 30, 2016) provided to the independent directors on May 18, 2016 and restricted stock units grants of 991 provided to a new independent director on November 1, 2016, which vested during the second quarter of 2017, had been fully converted to shares on those grant dates. The 2.00% Convertible Senior Notes due October 2023 and the 2.875% Convertible Senior Notes due July 2019 were anti-dilutive for the nine months ended September 30, 2017.

The following represents the weighted average potential dilutive shares of common stock that were excluded from the diluted income per share calculation:

    
 Quarter Ended
September 30,
 Nine Months Ended
September 30,
   2018 2017 2018 2017
2.875% Convertible Senior Notes due July 2019  4,381,499      4,363,806   4,237,753 
2.00% Convertible Senior Notes due October 2023  3,634,173   3,608,218   3,631,068   3,603,742 
Total  8,015,672   3,608,218   7,994,874   7,841,495 

5. Property, Equipment, Land and Leasehold Improvements

Property, equipment, land and leasehold improvements at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 consisted of the following ($ in thousands):

  
 September 30,
2018(1)
 December 31,
2017
Land $319,266  $339,148 
Easements  131   131 
Buildings  39,933   41,776 
Leasehold and land improvements  748,593   834,241 
Machinery and equipment  3,486,263   4,092,624 
Furniture and fixtures  41,956   39,386 
Construction in progress  136,514   246,422 
    4,772,656   5,593,728 
Less: accumulated depreciation  (1,019,365  (934,114
Property, equipment, land and leasehold improvements, net $3,753,291  $4,659,614 

(1)Property, equipment, land and leasehold improvements excludes assets related to BEC, which were classified as held for sale at September 30, 2018. See Note 2, “Basis of Presentation”, for further discussion.

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(Unaudited)

6. Intangible Assets and Goodwill

Intangible assets at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 consisted of the following ($ in thousands):

  
 September 30,
2018(1)
 December 31,
2017
Contractual arrangements $932,219  $989,228 
Non-compete agreements  14,014   14,014 
Customer relationships  353,520   361,623 
Leasehold rights  350   350 
Trade names  16,091   16,091 
Technology  8,760   8,760 
    1,324,954   1,390,066 
Less: accumulated amortization  (511,606  (475,968
Intangible assets, net $813,348  $914,098 

(1)Intangible assets excludes assets related to BEC, which were classified as held for sale at September 30, 2018. See Note 2, “Basis of Presentation”, for further discussion.

The goodwill balance as of September 30, 2018 is comprised of the following ($ in thousands):

 
Goodwill acquired in business combinations, net of disposals, at December 31, 2017 $2,193,478 
Accumulated impairment charges  (123,200
Other  (1,610
Balance at December 31, 2017  2,068,668 
Goodwill impairment  (3,215
Other  (25
Reclassification to assets held for sale(1)  (21,628
Balance at September 30, 2018 $2,043,800 

(1)Goodwill classified as held for sale related to BEC. See Note 2, “Basis of Presentation” for further discussion.

The Company tests for goodwill impairment at the reporting unit level on an annual basis on October 1st of each year and between annual tests if a triggering event indicates impairment. The Company continuously monitors events which could trigger an interim impairment analysis, such as changing business conditions and industry and other economic factors. The Company experienced a sustained decline in market capitalization since February 2018, and during the third quarter of 2018, the Company concluded a sustained decline in its market capitalization had occurred, leading to the determination that a triggering event had occurred for all reporting units.

The Company performed an interim impairment analysis using financial information through September 30, 2018 and forecasts for cash flows developed using the Company's strategic plan. The impairment analysis was performed using both the market and income approaches and weighting them based on their application to the reporting units. The interim impairment review was performed across all reporting units. As a result of this evaluation, the fair value of each of the Company’s reporting units exceeded the carrying value and no impairment was recorded.

At September 30, 2018, the fair value exceeded book value by $2.2 billion, or approximately 36.0%, primarily from Atlantic Aviation, by approximately $2.0 billion, and Hawaii Gas, by approximately $250.0 million. IMTT’s fair value at September 30, 2018 exceeded the book value by approximately $20.0 million.

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6. Intangible Assets and Goodwill  – (continued)

The fair value of IMTT was impacted by the recent decline in short-term earnings related to the non-renewal of certain contracts for heavy and residual oil. The non-renewal of these contracts, or the renewal at lower rates, is partially attributable to changes in trade flows.

Unfavorable fluctuations in the discount rate or declines in forecasted storage revenues and margins could result in an impairment on IMTT. A 0.25% increase to the discount rate would change the valuation of IMTT by approximately $80.0 million. Any increase in discount rate, in conjunction with any decrease to the long-term projections in cash flows for IMTT will negatively affect the current valuations. Due to the inherent uncertainties involved in making the estimates and assumptions used in the fair value analysis, actual results may differ, which could alter the fair value of the reporting units, and possibly result in impairment charges in future periods. The Company will continue to evaluate the fair value of goodwill through the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2018 for any potential impairment.

7. Long-Term Debt

At September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company’s consolidated long-term debt balance comprised of the following ($ in thousands):

  
 September 30,
2018(1)
 December 31,
2017
IMTT $1,325,975  $1,318,975 
Atlantic Aviation  666,000   648,000 
Contracted Power  313,154   576,558 
MIC Hawaii  213,160   199,282 
MIC Corporate  909,180   873,477 
Total  3,427,469   3,616,292 
Current portion  (392,903  (50,835
Long-term portion  3,034,566   3,565,457 
Unamortized deferred financing costs(2)  (25,558  (35,146
Long-term portion less unamortized debt discount and deferred financing costs $3,009,008  $3,530,311 

(1)Excludes the current and long-term portion of debt related to BEC, which were classified as held for sale at September 30, 2018. See Note 2, “Basis of Presentation”, for further discussion.
(2)The weighted average remaining life of the deferred financing costs at September 30, 2018 was 5.3 years.

At September 30, 2018, the total undrawn capacity on the revolving credit facilities was $930.5 million excluding letters of credit outstanding of $37.8 million.

MIC Corporate

Senior Secured Revolving Credit Facility

On January 3, 2018, the Company completed the refinancing and upsizing of its senior secured revolving credit facility to $600.0 million and extended the maturity through January 3, 2022.

At September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, MIC had $176.5 million and $143.5 million, respectively, outstanding on its senior secured revolving credit facility. During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, MIC borrowed $205.5 million for general corporate purposes and repaid $172.5 million on its revolving credit facility. At September 30, 2018, the undrawn balance on the senior secured revolving credit facility was $423.5 million. In October 2018, using the proceeds from the BEC sale, the Company repaid $150.0 million on its revolving credit facility.

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

7. Long-Term Debt  – (continued)

2.875% Convertible Senior Notes due July 2019

At September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company had $350.0 million aggregate principal outstanding on its five-year, 2.875% convertible senior notes due July 2019. On July 15, 2018, the Company reclassified these notes due July 2019 to current portion of long-term debt. At September 30, 2018, the fair value of these convertible senior notes was approximately $348.0 million. These convertible senior notes fall within Level 1 of the fair value hierarchy.

On July 15, 2018, the Company increased the conversion rate to 12.5258 shares of common stock per $1,000 principal amount. The adjustment was made, in accordance with the indenture governing the senior notes, on the anniversary of the convertible senior notes issuance and reflects the impact of dividends paid by the Company.

2.00% Convertible Senior Notes due October 2023

At September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company had $375.2 million and $371.4 million, respectively, outstanding on its seven year, 2.00% convertible senior notes due October 2023. At September 30, 2018, the fair value of the liability component of these convertible senior notes was approximately $345.0 million. These convertible senior notes fall within Level 1 of the fair value hierarchy.

On October 13, 2018, the Company increased the conversion rate to 9.0290 shares of common stock per $1,000 principal amount. The adjustment was made, in accordance with the indenture governing the senior notes, on the anniversary of the convertible senior notes issuance and reflects the impact of dividends paid by the Company.

The 2.00% Convertible Senior Notes due October 2023 consisted of the following ($ in thousands):

  
 September 30,
2018
 December 31,
2017
Liability Component:
          
Principal $402,500  $402,500 
Unamortized debt discount  (19,765  (22,475
Long-term debt, net of unamortized debt discount  382,735   380,025 
Unamortized deferred financing costs  (7,515  (8,643
Net carrying amount $375,220  $371,382 
Equity Component $26,748  $26,748 

For the quarters and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, total interest expense recognized related to the 2.00% Convertible Senior Notes due October 2023 consisted of the following ($ in thousands):

    
 Quarter Ended
September 30,
 Nine Months Ended
September 30,
   2018 2017 2018 2017
Contractual interest expense $2,013  $2,012  $6,038  $5,769 
Amortization of debt discount  910   882   2,710   2,377 
Amortization of deferred financing costs  376   376   1,128   1,133 
Total interest expense $3,299  $3,270  $9,876  $9,279 

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

7. Long-Term Debt  – (continued)

IMTT

At September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, IMTT had $217.0 million and $210.0 million outstanding on its revolving credit facilities, respectively. During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, IMTT borrowed $17.0 million primarily for general corporate purposes and repaid $10.0 million on its USD revolving credit facility. At September 30, 2018, the undrawn portion on its USD revolving credit facility and CAD revolving credit facility were $333.0 million and $50.0 million, respectively. In October 2018, using the proceeds from the BEC sale and cash on hand, the Company repaid in full the outstanding balance of $217.0 million on the IMTT revolving credit facility.

At September 30, 2018, IMTT had $600.0 million of fixed rate senior notes outstanding. At September 30, 2018, the fair value of the senior notes was approximately $585.0 million. The senior notes fall within Level 1 of the fair value hierarchy.

Atlantic Aviation

At September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, Atlantic Aviation had $291.0 million and $258.0 million outstanding on its revolving credit facility, respectively. During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, Atlantic Aviation borrowed $33.0 million on its revolving credit facility primarily to fund an on-field consolidation of an FBO and for general corporate purposes. At September 30, 2018, the undrawn portion on its revolving credit facility was $59.0 million. In October 2018, using the proceeds from the BEC sale and cash on hand, the Company repaid in full the outstanding balance of $291.0 million on the Atlantic Aviation revolving credit facility.

Contracted Power

At September 30, 2018, Contracted Power had $180.9 million of fixed rate term loans outstanding. At September 30, 2018, the fair value of the term loans was approximately $180.0 million. The term loans fall within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy.

On September 30, 2018, the current and long-term portion of debt related to BEC was classified as held for sale on the consolidated condensed balance sheet. See Note 2, “Basis of Presentation”, for further discussion. On October 12, 2018, the Company concluded the sale of BEC and received cash of $657.4 million, net of the assumption of the outstanding debt balance of $243.5 million by the buyer and subject to post-closing working capital adjustments.

MIC Hawaii

In February 2018, Hawaii Gas exercised the second of two one-year extensions related to its $80.0 million secured term loan facility and its $60.0 million revolving credit facility extending their respective maturities to February 2023.

At September 30, 2018, Hawaii Gas had $15.0 million outstanding on its revolving credit facility. At December 31, 2017, Hawaii Gas’ revolving credit facility was undrawn. During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, Hawaii Gas borrowed $20.0 million for general corporate purposes and repaid $5.0 million on its revolving credit facility. At September 30, 2018, the undrawn portion on its revolving credit facility was $45.0 million. In October 2018, using the proceeds from the BEC sale and cash on hand, the Company repaid in full the outstanding balance of $15.0 million on the Hawaii Gas revolving credit facility.

At September 30, 2018, Hawaii Gas had $100.0 million of fixed rate senior notes outstanding, which approximates the fair value. The senior notes fall within Level 1 of the fair value hierarchy.

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7. Long-Term Debt  – (continued)

During the quarters ended March 31, 2018 and June 30, 2018, Hawaii Gas was not in compliance with certain credit agreement provisions. During the quarter ended September 30, 2018, the business received waivers from its syndicate of lenders relating to the non-compliance. At September 30, 2018, Hawaii Gas was again in compliance with its credit agreement having received waivers from its lenders.

8. Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities

Interest Rate Contracts

The Company and certain of its businesses have in place variable-rate debt. Management believes that it is prudent to limit the variability of a portion of the business’ interest payments. To meet this objective, the Company enters into interest rate agreements, primarily using interest rate swaps and from time to time using interest rate caps, to manage fluctuations in cash flows resulting from interest rate risk on a portion of its debt with a variable-rate component. Interest rate swaps change the variable-rate cash flow exposure on the debt obligations to fixed cash flows. Under the terms of the interest rate swaps, the Company receives variable interest rate payments and makes fixed interest rate payments, thereby creating the equivalent of fixed-rate debt for the portion of the debt that is swapped.

At September 30, 2018, the Company had $3.4 billion of current and long-term debt, of which $1.1 billion was economically hedged with interest rate contracts, $1.6 billion was fixed rate debt and $758.7 million was unhedged. The Company does not use hedge accounting. All movements in the fair value of the interest rate derivatives are recorded directly through earnings.

Commodity Price Hedges

The risks associated with fluctuations in the prices that Hawaii Gas, a business within the MIC Hawaii reportable segment, pays for propane is principally a result of market forces reflecting changes in supply and demand for propane and other energy commodities. Hawaii Gas’ gross margin (revenue less cost of product sales excluding depreciation and amortization) is sensitive to changes in propane supply costs and Hawaii Gas may not always be able to pass through product cost increases fully or on a timely basis, particularly when product costs rise rapidly. In order to reduce the volatility of the business’ propane market price risk, Hawaii Gas has used and expects to continue to use over-the-counter commodity derivative instruments including price swaps. Hawaii Gas does not use commodity derivative instruments for speculative or trading purposes. Over-the-counter derivative commodity instruments used by Hawaii Gas to hedge forecasted purchases of propane are generally settled at expiration of the contract.

Financial Statement Location Disclosure for Derivative Instruments

The Company measures derivative instruments at fair value using the income approach which discounts the future net cash settlements expected under the derivative contracts to a present value. These valuations use primarily observable (level 2) inputs, including contractual terms, interest rates and yield curves observable at commonly quoted intervals.

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(Unaudited)

8. Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities  – (continued)

The Company’s fair value measurements of its derivative instruments and the related location of the assets and liabilities within the consolidated condensed balance sheets at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 were ($ in thousands):

  
Balance Sheet Location Assets (Liabilities) at Fair Value
 September 30,
2018(1)
 December 31,
2017
Fair value of derivative instruments – current assets $17,510  $11,965 
Fair value of derivative instruments – noncurrent assets  26,958   24,455 
Total derivative contracts – assets $44,468  $36,420 
Fair value of derivative instruments – current liabilities $(534 $(1,710
Fair value of derivative instruments – noncurrent liabilities  (1,174  (4,668
Total derivative contracts – liabilities $(1,708 $(6,378

(1)Fair value of derivative instruments excludes assets related to BEC, which were classified as held for sale at September 30, 2018. See Note 2, “Basis of Presentation”, for further discussion.

The Company’s hedging activities for the quarters and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 and the related location within the consolidated condensed statements of operations were ($ in thousands):

    
 Amount of Gain (Loss) Recognized in Consolidated
Condensed Statements of Operations
   Quarter ended
September 30,
 Nine Months Ended
September 30,
Financial Statement Account 2018 2017 2018 2017
Interest expense – interest rate caps $1,469  $(219 $8,470  $(2,888
Interest expense – interest rate swaps  3,260   57   17,294   (4,051
Cost of product sales – commodity swaps  2,695   5,769   3,497   2,154 
Total $7,424  $5,607  $29,261  $(4,785

All of the Company’s derivative instruments are collateralized by the assets of the respective businesses.

9. Stockholders’ Equity

2016 Omnibus Employee Incentive Plan

On May 18, 2016, the Company adopted the 2016 Omnibus Employee Incentive Plan (Plan). The Plan provides for the issuance of equity awards covering up to 500,000 shares of common stock to attract, retain, and motivate employees, consultants and others who perform services for the Company and its subsidiaries. Under the Plan, the Compensation Committee determines the persons who will receive awards, the time at which they are granted and the terms of the awards. Type of awards include stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock, restricted stock units, dividend equivalent rights, cash-based awards and other stock-based awards. At September 30, 2018, there were no awards outstanding under this Plan.

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(Unaudited)

9. Stockholders’ Equity  – (continued)

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss

The following represents the changes and balances to the components of accumulated other comprehensive loss for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 ($ in thousands):

   
 Post-Retirement
Benefit Plans, net
of taxes
 Translation
Adjustment, net
of taxes(1)
 Total Stockholders’
Accumulated Other
Comprehensive
Loss, net of taxes
Balance at December 31, 2016 $(16,805 $(12,155 $(28,960
Translation adjustment     2,738   2,738 
Balance at September 30, 2017 $(16,805 $(9,417 $(26,222
Balance at December 31, 2017 $(20,456 $(9,537 $(29,993
Translation adjustment     (2,092  (2,092
Balance at September 30, 2018 $(20,456 $(11,629 $(32,085

(1)Translation adjustment is presented net of tax benefit of $802,000 and net of tax expense of $1.9 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

10. Reportable Segments

At September 30, 2018, the Company’s businesses consisted of four reportable segments: IMTT, Atlantic Aviation, Contracted Power and MIC Hawaii.

IMTT

IMTT provides bulk liquid storage, handling and other services in North America through seventeen terminals located in the United States, one terminal in Quebec, Canada and one partially owned terminal in Newfoundland, Canada. IMTT derives the majority of its revenue from storage and handling of petroleum products, various chemicals, renewable fuels, and vegetable and tropical oils. Based on storage capacity, IMTT operates one of the largest third-party bulk liquid terminals businesses in the United States. Revenue from IMTT is included in service revenue.

Atlantic Aviation

Atlantic Aviation derives the majority of its revenue from fuel delivery services and from other airport services, including de-icing and aircraft hangar rental. All of the revenue of Atlantic Aviation is generated at airports in the U.S. The business currently operates at 70 airports. Revenue from Atlantic Aviation is included in service revenue.

Contracted Power

At September 30, 2018, the Contracted Power business segment has controlling interests in seven utility-scale solar photovoltaic facilities, two wind facilities and 100% ownership of a gas-fired facility that are in operations in the United States. The wind and solar facilities that are operational at September 30, 2018 have an aggregate generating capacity of 345 megawatt (MW) of wholesale electricity to utilities. Revenue from the wind, solar and gas-fired power facilities are included in product revenue.

These projects are held in LLCs, and are treated as partnerships for income tax purposes, with co-investors. The acquisition price on these projects can vary depending on, among other things, factors such as the size of the project, PPA terms, eligibility for tax incentives, debt package, operating cost structure and development stage. A completed project takes out all of the construction risk, testing and costs associated with construction contracts.

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10. Reportable Segments  – (continued)

The Company has certain rights to make decisions over the management and operations of these wind and solar facilities. The Company has determined that it is appropriate to consolidate these projects, with the co-investors’ interest reflected asNoncontrolling interests in the consolidated condensed financial statements.

Through October 12, 2018, the Company owned 100% of BEC, a 644 MW gas-fired facility located in Bayonne, New Jersey, adjacent to IMTT’s Bayonne facility. Power produced by BEC was delivered to New York City via a dedicated transmission cable under New York Harbor. BEC had tolling agreements with a creditworthy off-taker for approximately 50% of its power generating capacity. The tolling agreements generated revenue whether or not the facility was in use for power production. In addition to revenue from the tolling agreements and capacity payments from the grid operator, BEC generated an energy margin when the facility was dispatched. Revenue produced by BEC was accounted for as an operating lease that did not have minimum lease payments. All of the lease income under the lease were recorded within product revenue when natural gas transportation services were performed.

At September 30, 2018, the assets and liabilities of BEC were classified as held for sale on the consolidated condensed balance sheet. On October 12, 2018, the Company concluded the sale of BEC and received cash of $657.4 million, net of the assumption of the outstanding debt balance of $243.5 million by the buyer and subject to post-closing working capital adjustments. See Note 2, “Basis of Presentation”, for further discussions.

MIC Hawaii

MIC Hawaii comprises: Hawaii Gas, Hawaii’s only government-franchised gas utility and an unregulated liquefied petroleum gas distribution business providing gas and related services to commercial, residential and governmental customers; a design-build mechanical contractor focused on designing and constructing energy efficient and related building infrastructure; and controlling interests in two solar facilities on Oahu. Revenue from Hawaii Gas and the solar facilities are recorded in product revenue (see above in Contracted Power for further discussion on revenue from PPAs). Revenue from the design-build mechanical contractor business is recorded in service revenue.

Revenue from the Hawaii Gas business is generated from the distribution and sales of synthetic natural gas (SNG), liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) and liquefied natural gas (LNG). Revenue is primarily a function of the volume of SNG, LPG and LNG consumed by customers and the price per British Thermal Unit or gallon charged to customers. Revenue levels, without organic growth, will generally track global commodity prices, namely petroleum and natural gas, as its products are derived from these commodities.

All of the MIC business segments are managed separately and management has chosen to organize the Company around the distinct products and services offered. Selected information by segment is presented in the following tables.

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

10. Reportable Segments  – (continued)

Revenue from external customers for the Company’s consolidated reportable segments were ($ in thousands):

      
 Quarter Ended September 30, 2018
   IMTT Atlantic
Aviation
 Contracted
Power
 MIC
Hawaii
 Intersegment
Revenue
 Total
Reportable
Segments
Service Revenue
                              
Terminal Services $19,385  $  $  $  $(22 $19,363 
Lease  97,720            (1,206  96,514 
Fuel     172,513            172,513 
Hangar     21,958            21,958 
Construction           8,271      8,271 
Other(1)  1,124   40,437      851      42,412 
Total Service Revenue $118,229  $234,908  $  $9,122  $(1,228 $361,031 
Product Revenue
                              
Lease $  $  $48,570  $1,311  $  $49,881 
Gas           55,499      55,499 
Other        3,880   2,989      6,869 
Total Product Revenue $  $  $52,450  $59,799  $  $112,249 
Total Revenue $118,229  $234,908  $52,450  $68,921  $(1,228 $473,280 

      
 Quarter Ended September 30, 2017
   IMTT Atlantic
Aviation
 Contracted
Power
 MIC
Hawaii
 Intersegment
Revenue
 Total
Reportable
Segments
Service Revenue
                              
Terminal Services $18,786  $  $  $  $(21 $18,765 
Lease  106,096            (1,209  104,887 
Fuel     152,620            152,620 
Hangar     19,820            19,820 
Construction           13,526      13,526 
Other(1)  9,285   39,017      300      48,602 
Total Service Revenue $134,167  $211,457  $  $13,826  $(1,230 $358,220 
Product Revenue
                              
Lease $  $  $38,822  $741  $  $39,563 
Gas           48,877      48,877 
Other        3,623   2,778      6,401 
Total Product Revenue $  $  $42,445  $52,396  $  $94,841 
Total Revenue $134,167  $211,457  $42,445  $66,222  $(1,230 $453,061 

(1)See Note 3, “Implementation of ASU 2014-09”, for revenues disclosed in Other.

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

10. Reportable Segments  – (continued)

      
 Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018
   IMTT Atlantic
Aviation
 Contracted
Power
 MIC
Hawaii
 Intersegment
Revenue
 Total
Reportable Segments
Service Revenue
                              
Terminal Services $66,719  $  $  $  $(22 $66,697 
Lease  303,633            (3,669  299,964 
Fuel     523,867            523,867 
Hangar     65,515            65,515 
Construction           38,478      38,478 
Other(1)  16,629   125,659      2,828      145,116 
Total Service Revenue $386,981  $715,041  $  $41,306  $(3,691 $1,139,637 
Product Revenue
                              
Lease $  $  $117,596  $3,410  $  $121,006 
Gas           172,206      172,206 
Other        11,544   8,523      20,067 
Total Product Revenue $  $  $129,140  $184,139  $  $313,279 
Total Revenue $386,981  $715,041  $129,140  $225,445  $(3,691 $1,452,916 

      
 Nine Months Ended September 30, 2017
   IMTT Atlantic
Aviation
 Contracted
Power
 MIC
Hawaii
 Intersegment
Revenue
 Total
Reportable
Segments
Service Revenue
                              
Terminal Services $61,791  $  $  $  $(21 $61,770 
Lease  323,147            (3,663  319,484 
Fuel     449,486            449,486 
Hangar     56,672            56,672 
Construction           38,546      38,546 
Other(1)  25,190   114,991      930      141,111 
Total Service Revenue $410,128  $621,149  $  $39,476  $(3,684 $1,067,069 
Product Revenue
                              
Lease $  $  $99,849  $2,165  $  $102,014 
Gas           155,098      155,098 
Other        10,832   8,495      19,327 
Total Product Revenue $  $  $110,681  $165,758  $  $276,439 
Total Revenue $410,128  $621,149  $110,681  $205,234  $(3,684 $1,343,508 

(1)See Note 3, “Implementation of ASU 2014-09”, for revenues disclosed in Other.

In accordance with FASB ASC 280, Segment Reporting, the Company has disclosed earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) excluding non-cash items as a key performance indicator for the businesses. EBITDA excluding non-cash items is reflective of the businesses’ ability to effectively manage the volume of products sold or services provided, the operating margin earned on those transactions and the management of operating expenses independent of the capitalization and tax attributes of its businesses. The Company defines EBITDA excluding non-cash items as net income (loss) or earnings —the most comparable GAAP measure — before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization and non-cash

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

10. Reportable Segments  – (continued)

items including impairments, unrealized derivative gains and losses, adjustments for other non-cash items and pension expense reflected in the statements of operations.

EBITDA excluding non-cash items for the Company’s consolidated reportable segments is shown in the tables below ($ in thousands). Allocations of corporate expenses, intercompany fees and the tax effect have been excluded as they are eliminated in consolidation.

     
 Quarter Ended September 30, 2018
   IMTT Atlantic
Aviation
 Contracted
Power
 MIC
Hawaii
 Total
Reportable
Segments
Net income (loss) $16,432  $24,735  $18,128  $(17,958 $41,337 
Interest expense, net  11,677   5,290   4,944   2,069   23,980 
Provision (benefit) for income taxes  6,422   9,058   7,852   (7,299  16,033 
Goodwill impairment           3,215   3,215 
Depreciation  28,804   14,400   7,848   5,698   56,750 
Amortization of intangibles  3,879   11,182   178   4,791   20,030 
Pension expense  1,914   5      128   2,047 
Other non-cash expense (income)  207   323   (1,574  4,303   3,259 
EBITDA excluding non-cash items $69,335  $64,993  $37,376  $(5,053 $166,651 

     
 Quarter Ended September 30, 2017
   IMTT Atlantic
Aviation
 Contracted
Power
 MIC
Hawaii
 Total
Reportable
Segments
Net income $20,755  $21,591  $7,251  $6,160  $55,757 
Interest expense, net  10,187   4,295   6,281   1,877   22,640 
Provision for income taxes  14,422   11,139   6,337   4,830   36,728 
Depreciation  28,001   12,954   13,724   3,330   58,009 
Amortization of intangibles  3,510   12,332   1,106   381   17,329 
Pension expense  1,883   5      272   2,160 
Other non-cash expense (income)  178   1,212   (1,914  (3,360  (3,884
EBITDA excluding non-cash items $78,936  $63,528  $32,785  $13,490  $188,739 

     
 Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018
   IMTT Atlantic
Aviation
 Contracted
Power
 MIC
Hawaii
 Total
Reportable
Segments
Net income (loss) $61,909  $78,566  $35,456  $(12,344 $163,587 
Interest expense, net  30,349   9,601   10,661   5,246   55,857 
Provision (benefit) for income taxes  24,195   28,769   12,456   (4,350  61,070 
Goodwill impairment           3,215   3,215 
Depreciation  87,066   43,143   35,680   12,975   178,864 
Amortization of intangibles  11,636   34,877   2,392   6,565   55,470 
Pension expense  5,737   16      383   6,136 
Other non-cash expense (income)  611   1,232   (5,152  9,548   6,239 
EBITDA excluding non-cash items $221,503  $196,204  $91,493  $21,238  $530,438 

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

10. Reportable Segments  – (continued)

     
 Nine Months Ended September 30, 2017
   IMTT Atlantic
Aviation
 Contracted
Power
 MIC
Hawaii
 Total
Reportable
Segments
Net income $67,184  $60,225  $9,604  $16,004  $153,017 
Interest expense, net  30,707   13,648   20,431   5,795   70,581 
Provision for income taxes  46,686   36,766   8,209   10,772   102,433 
Depreciation  84,797   36,468   41,711   9,777   172,753 
Amortization of intangibles  9,029   37,426   3,320   1,145   50,920 
Pension expense  5,649   15      817   6,481 
Other non-cash expense (income)  315   1,252   (6,170  3,108   (1,495
EBITDA excluding non-cash items $244,367  $185,800  $77,105  $47,418  $554,690 

Reconciliations of total reportable segments’ EBITDA excluding non-cash items to consolidated net income before income taxes were ($ in thousands):

    
 Quarter Ended
September 30,
 Nine Months Ended
September 30,
   2018 2017 2018 2017
Total reportable segments EBITDA excluding non-cash items $166,651  $188,739  $530,438  $554,690 
Interest income  113   54   304   129 
Interest expense  (32,616  (29,291  (81,693  (90,129
Goodwill impairment  (3,215     (3,215   
Depreciation  (56,924  (58,009  (179,368  (172,753
Amortization of intangibles  (20,030  (17,329  (55,470  (50,920
Selling, general and administrative expenses – Corporate and Other  (7,150  (6,214  (21,496  (21,301
Fees to Manager-related party  (12,333  (17,954  (36,113  (54,610
Pension expense  (2,047  (2,160  (6,136  (6,481
Other (expense) income, net  (3,189  3,884   (6,243  1,495 
Total consolidated net income before income taxes $29,260  $61,720  $141,008  $160,120 

Capital expenditures, on a cash basis, for the Company’s reportable segments were ($ in thousands):

    
 Quarter Ended
September 30,
 Nine Months Ended
September 30,
   2018 2017 2018 2017
IMTT $17,454  $20,232  $41,786  $52,291 
Atlantic Aviation  15,187   23,661   51,634   57,757 
Contracted Power  8,501   50,461   42,702   99,961 
MIC Hawaii  6,729   7,604   17,398   21,054 
Total capital expenditures of reportable segments $47,871  $101,958  $153,520  $231,063 
Corporate and other  1,336   2,524   5,517   3,770 
Total consolidated capital expenditures $49,207  $104,482  $159,037  $234,833 

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

10. Reportable Segments  – (continued)

Property, equipment, land and leasehold improvements, net, goodwill and total assets for the Company’s reportable segments and its reconciliation to consolidated total assets were ($ in thousands):

      
 Property, Equipment,
Land and Leasehold
Improvements, net
 Goodwill Total Assets
   September 30,
2018
 December 31,
2017
 September 30,
2018
 December 31,
2017
 September 30,
2018
 December 31,
2017
IMTT $2,254,203  $2,305,440  $1,427,588  $1,427,863  $4,027,790  $4,109,448 
Atlantic Aviation  568,741   559,597   496,019   495,769   1,694,075   1,710,535 
Contracted Power  625,412   1,466,139      21,628   704,429   1,617,658 
MIC Hawaii  298,861   302,220   120,193   123,408   529,285   532,144 
Total assets of reportable segments $3,747,217  $4,633,396  $2,043,800  $2,068,668  $6,955,579  $7,969,785 
Corporate and other  6,074   26,218         10,957   39,166 
Assets held for sale(1)              971,934    
Total consolidated assets $3,753,291  $4,659,614  $2,043,800  $2,068,668  $7,938,470  $8,008,951 

(1)At September 30, 2018, Property, Equipment, Land and Leasehold Improvements, net, and Goodwill excludes balances related to BEC, which were classified as held for sale. See Note 2, “Basis of Presentation”, for further discussion.

11. Long-Term Contracted Revenue

Long-term contracted revenue consists of revenue from future minimum lease revenue accounted in accordance with ASC 840, Leases, and estimated revenue to be recognized in the future related to performance conditions that are unsatisfied or partially unsatisfied accounted in accordance with ASC 606, Revenue. The recognition pattern for contracts that are considered leases is generally consistent with the recognition pattern that would apply if such contracts were not accounted for as leases and were instead accounted for under ASC Topic 606. Accordingly, the Company has combined the required lessor disclosures for future lease income with the disclosures for contracted revenue in the table below. The following long-term contracted revenue were in existence at September 30, 2018 ($ in thousands):

   
 Lease
Revenue
(ASC 840)
 Contract
Revenue
(ASC 606)
 Total
Long-Term
Revenue
2018 remaining $87,187  $21,102  $108,289 
2019  236,685   49,066   285,751 
2020  126,915   33,459   160,374 
2021  65,912   27,176   93,088 
2022  44,422   23,016   67,438 
2023  29,196   15,718   44,914 
Thereafter  51,356   16,058   67,414 
Total $641,673  $185,595  $827,268 

The above table does not include the future minimum lease revenue from the Company’s Contracted Power and the renewable businesses within the MIC Hawaii reportable segments. The payments from these leases are considered variable as they are based on the output of the underlying assets (i.e. energy generated).

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

12. Related Party Transactions

Management Services

At September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Manager held 12,227,736 shares and 5,435,442 shares, respectively, of the Company. Pursuant to the terms of the Third Amended and Restated Management Services Agreement (Management Agreement), the Manager may sell these shares at any time. Under the Management Agreement, the Manager, at its option, may reinvest base management fees and performance fees, if any, in shares of the Company. From May 2018 through September 30, 2018, the Manager bought 5,987,100 shares in the open market and increased its holdings to 14.29% at September 30, 2018.

Since January 1, 2017, the Company paid the Manager cash dividends on shares held for the following periods:

     
Declared Period Covered $ per Share Record Date Payable Date Cash Paid to
Manager
(in thousands)
October 30, 2018  Third quarter 2018  $1.00   November 12, 2018   November 15, 2018   (1) 
July 31, 2018  Second quarter 2018   1.00   August 13, 2018   August 16, 2018  $10,711 
May 1, 2018  First quarter 2018   1.00   May 14, 2018   May 17, 2018   6,213 
February 19, 2018  Fourth quarter 2017   1.44   March 5, 2018   March 8, 2018   8,067 
October 30, 2017  Third quarter 2017   1.42   November 13, 2017   November 16, 2017   7,484 
August 1, 2017  Second quarter 2017   1.38   August 14, 2017   August 17, 2017   6,941 
May 2, 2017  First quarter 2017   1.32   May 15, 2017   May 18, 2017   6,332 
February 17, 2017  Fourth quarter 2016   1.31   March 3, 2017   March 8, 2017   6,080 

(1)The amount of dividend payable to the Manager for the third quarter of 2018 will be determined on November 12, 2018, the record date.

Under the Management Agreement, subject to the oversight and supervision of the Company’s board of directors, the Manager is responsible for and oversees the management of the Company’s operating businesses. In addition, the Manager has the right to elect the Chairman of the Board of the Company, subject to minimum equity ownership, and to assign, or second, to the Company, two of its employees to serve as chief executive officer and chief financial officer of the Company and seconds or makes other personnel available as required.

In accordance with the Management Agreement, the Manager is entitled to a monthly base management fee based primarily on the Company’s market capitalization, and potentially a quarterly performance fee based on total shareholder returns relative to a U.S. utilities index. Currently, the Manager has elected to reinvest the future base management fees and performance fees, if any, in new primary shares. For the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company incurred base management fees of $12.3 million and $36.1 million, respectively, compared with $17.9 million and $54.6 million for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2017, respectively. The Company did not incur any performance fees for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017.

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

12. Related Party Transactions  – (continued)

The unpaid portion of the base management fees and performance fees, if any, at the end of each reporting period is included in Due to Manager-related party in the consolidated condensed balance sheets.

   
Period Base Management
Fee Amount
($ in Thousands)
 Performance
Fee Amount
($ in Thousands)
 Shares
Issued
2018 Activities:
               
Third quarter 2018 $12,333  $   269,286(1) 
Second quarter 2018  10,852      277,053 
First quarter 2018  12,928      265,002 
2017 Activities:
               
Fourth quarter 2017 $16,778  $   248,162 
Third quarter 2017  17,954      240,674 
Second quarter 2017  18,433      233,394 
First quarter 2017  18,223      232,398 

(1)The Manager elected to reinvest all of the monthly base management fees for the third quarter of 2018 in shares. The Company issued 269,286 shares for the quarter ended September 30, 2018, including 89,542 shares that were issued in October 2018 for the September 2018 monthly base management fee.

The Manager is not entitled to any other compensation and all costs incurred by the Manager, including compensation of seconded staff, are paid by the Manager out of its base management fee. However, the Company is responsible for other direct costs including, but not limited to, expenses incurred in the administration or management of the Company and its subsidiaries, income taxes, audit and legal fees, acquisitions and dispositions and its compliance with applicable laws and regulations. During the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Manager charged the Company $296,000 and $705,000, respectively, for reimbursement of out-of-pocket expenses compared with $284,000 and $729,000, respectively, for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2017. The unpaid portion of the out-of-pocket expenses at the end of the reporting period is included in Due to Manager-related party in the consolidated condensed balance sheets.

Other Services

The Company uses the resources of the Macquarie Group with respect to a range of advisory, procurement, insurance, hedging, lending and other services. Engagements involving members of the Macquarie Group are reviewed and approved by the Audit Committee of the Company’s board of directors. Macquarie Group affiliates are engaged on an arm’s length basis and frequently as a member of a syndicate of providers whose other members establish the terms of the interaction.

Advisory Services

The Macquarie Group, and wholly-owned subsidiaries within the Macquarie Group, including Macquarie Bank Limited (MBL) and Macquarie Capital (USA) Inc. (MCUSA) have provided various advisory and other services and incurred expenses in connection with the Company’s equity raising activities, acquisitions and debt structuring for the Company and its businesses. Underwriting fees are recorded in stockholders’ equity as a direct cost of equity offerings. Advisory fees and out-of-pocket expenses relating to acquisitions are expensed as incurred. Debt arranging fees are deferred and amortized over the term of the credit facility.

In June 2015, the Company entered into an equity distribution agreement with sales agents, including MCUSA, providing for the sale of shares of its common stock, par value $0.001 per share, from time to time having an aggregate gross offering price of up to $400.0 million. The equity distribution agreement also

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

12. Related Party Transactions  – (continued)

provides for sales of shares to any sales agent as principal for its own account at a price agreed upon at the time of the sale. For the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company did not engage MCUSA for such activities.

Long-Term Debt

In January 2018, the Company completed the refinancing and upsizing of its senior secured revolving credit facility to $600.0 million from $410.0 million and extended the maturity through January 3, 2022. As part of the refinancing and upsizing, MIHI LLC’s $50.0 million commitment was replaced by a $40.0 million commitment from Macquarie Capital Funding LLC. As part of the closing, the Company paid Macquarie Capital Funding LLC $80,000 in closing fees.

Prior to the refinancing in January 2018, the Company incurred $4,000 in interest expense related to MIHI LLC’s portion of the MIC senior secured revolving credit facility. For the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2017, the Company incurred $47,000 and $116,000, respectively, in interest expense related to MIHI LLC’s portion of the MIC senior secured revolving credit facility. Subsequent to the refinancing in January 2018, the Company incurred $139,000 and $376,000, respectively, in interest expense related to Macquarie Capital Funding LLC’s portion of the MIC senior secured revolving credit facility for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018.

Other Transactions

In May 2018, the Company sold its equity interest in projects involving two properties to Macquarie Infrastructure and Real Assets, Inc. (MIRA Inc.), an affiliate of the Manager, for their cost of approximately $27.1 million. The Company retained the right to 20% of any gain on a subsequent sale by MIRA Inc. to a third party of a more than 50% interest in either or both of the projects.

Macquarie Energy North America Trading, Inc. (MENAT), an indirect subsidiary of Macquarie Group Limited, entered into contracts with IMTT to lease capacity. At March 31, 2017, MENAT leased 200,000 barrels of capacity from IMTT. During the nine months ended September 30, 2017, IMTT recognized $907,000 in revenues from MENAT. The contracts expired during the quarter ended June 30, 2017.

13. Income Taxes

The Company expects to incur federal consolidated taxable income for the year ending December 31, 2018, which will be fully offset by the Company’s net operating loss (NOL) carryforwards. The Company believes that it will be able to utilize all of its federal prior year NOLs, which will begin to expire after 2029 and completely expire after 2035.

On December 22, 2017, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act was signed into law and includes provisions that may have an impact on the Company’s federal taxable income. The most significant of these are 100% bonus depreciation on qualifying assets (which is scheduled to phase down ratably to 0% between 2023 and 2027) and a reduction in the federal corporate tax rate from 35% to 21%.

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act also includes a new limitation on the deductibility of net interest expense that generally limits the deduction to 30% of “adjusted taxable income”. For years before 2022, adjusted taxable income is defined as taxable income computed without regard to certain items, including net business interest expense, the amount of any NOL deduction, tax depreciation and tax amortization. The Company does not expect to incur net interest expense that is greater than 30% of adjusted taxable income prior to 2022.

In the third quarter of 2018, the Company completed its data gathering and analysis based on the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act and guidance issued to date in 2018 as it relates to the remeasurement of existing deferred tax balances. The Company has not identified any material change to the net one-time charge for the year ended December 31, 2017 related to the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act.

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

14. Legal Proceedings and Contingencies

The Company and its subsidiaries are subject to legal proceedings arising in the ordinary course of business. In management’s opinion, the Company has adequate legal defenses and/or insurance coverage with respect to the eventuality of such actions, and does not believe the outcome of any pending legal proceedings will be material to the Company’s financial position or result of operations.

Shareholder Litigation

On April 23, 2018, a complaint captioned City of Riviera Beach General Employees Retirement System v. Macquarie Infrastructure Corp., et al., Case 1:18-cv-03608 (VSB), was filed in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York. A substantially identical complaint captioned Daniel Fajardo v. Macquarie Infrastructure Corporation, et al., Case No. 1:18-cv-03744 (VSB) was filed in the same court on April 27, 2018. Both complaints assert claims under Sections 10(b) and 20(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and Rule 10b-5 thereunder on behalf of a putative class consisting of all purchasers of MIC common stock between February 22, 2016 and February 21, 2018. The named defendants in both cases are the Company and four current or former officers of MIC and one of its subsidiaries, IMTT Holdings LLC. The complaints in both actions, which are expected to be consolidated, allege that the Company and the individual defendants knowingly made material misstatements and omitted material facts in its public disclosures concerning the Company’s and IMTT’s business and the sustainability of the Company’s dividend to stockholders. The Company intends to vigorously contest the claims asserted in the City of Riviera Beach and Fajardo complaints, which the Company believes are entirely meritless.

On August 9, 2018, a shareholder derivative complaint captionedPhyllis Wright v. Liam Stewart, et al., Case No. 1:18-cv-07174 (VSB), was filed in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York. A substantially identical complaint captionedRaymond Greenlee v. James Hooke, et al., Case No. 1:18-cv-09339 (VSB) was filed in the same court on October 12, 2018. Both complaints assert derivative claims on behalf of the Company against certain of its current and former officers and directors arising out of the same subject matter at issue in theCity of Riviera Beach and Fajardo complaints discussed above. The causes of action asserted include violation of Section 14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, breach of fiduciary duties, waste of corporate assets, unjust enrichment, and aiding and abetting breach of fiduciary duty. The plaintiffs in theWright case have agreed to stay the matter pending resolution of an anticipated motion to dismiss the securities class actions described above. The Company expects that the named defendants will vigorously contest the claims asserted in theWrightandGreenleecomplaints.

15. Subsequent Events

Dividend

On October 30, 2018, the board of directors declared a dividend of $1.00 per share for the quarter ended September 30, 2018, which is expected to be paid on November 15, 2018 to holders of record on November 12, 2018.

Manager Waiver of Base Management Fees

Effective November 1, 2018, the Manager has elected to waive two portions of the base management fee to which it is entitled under the terms of the Managements Services Agreement between the Company. In effect, this waiver caps the base management fee at 1% of the Company’s equity market capitalization and eliminates fees on any debt it have or may incur at the holding company. Although MIMUSA reserves the right to revoke the fee waiver and revert to the prior terms of the agreement subject to providing the Company with not less than a one year notice, MIC believes MIMUSA has no current intent to do so. A revocation of the waiver would not trigger a recapture of previously waived fees. The waivers result in a reduction in the fees paid to the Manager of approximately $10.0 million per year based on the Company’s market value and capital structure at the end of the third quarter.

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PART II

OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

There have been no changes to legal proceedings set forth under Part I, Item 3 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017, filed with the SEC on February 21, 2018 and under Part II, Item 1 of our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q for the quarters ended March 31, 2018 and June 30, 2018, except for the following:

On August 9, 2018, a shareholder derivative complaint captionedPhyllis Wright v. Liam Stewart, et al., Case No. 1:18-cv-07174 (VSB), was filed in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York. A substantially identical complaint captionedRaymond Greenlee v. James Hooke, et al., Case No. 1:18-cv-09339 (VSB) was filed in the same court on October 12, 2018. Both complaints assert derivative claims on behalf of the Company against certain of its current and former officers and directors arising out of the same subject matter at issue in theCity of Riviera Beach and Fajardo complaints discussed in Note 14, “Legal Proceedings and Contingencies”, in our Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements in Part I of this Form 10-Q. The causes of action asserted include violation of Section 14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, breach of fiduciary duties, waste of corporate assets, unjust enrichment, and aiding and abetting breach of fiduciary duty. The plaintiffs in theWright case have agreed to stay the matter pending resolution of an anticipated motion to dismiss the securities class actions. The Company expects that the named defendants will vigorously contest the claims asserted in theWrightandGreenleecomplaints.

In June 2018, BEC entered into an Administrative Consent Order (ACO) with the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection (NJDEP) to address ammonia emissions levels that exceeded levels outlined in BEC’s air permit, as identified by tests carried out in February 2018. The ACO prescribes a fine of $119,000 plus $3,000 per month from July 2018 until the terms of the ACO are met. This is expected to be achieved no later than December 2018. BEC was notified that the ACO fine may be increased by $13,600 (one-time payment) to correct an administrative error by the Regulator. This will not impact the scope or timeline of the work to meet the terms of the ACO.

Item 1A. Risk Factors

There have been no material changes to the risk factors set forth under Part I, Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017, filed with the SEC on February 21, 2018, except for the following:

We could be adversely impacted by actions of activist stockholders, and such activism could impact the value of our securities.

We value constructive input from our stockholders and the investment community. However, there is no assurance that the actions taken by our Board of Directors and management in seeking to maintain constructive engagement with our stockholders will be successful. Certain of our shareholders have expressed views with respect to the operation of our business, our business strategy, corporate governance considerations or other matters. Responding to actions by activist stockholders can be costly and time-consuming, disrupting our operations and diverting the attention of management and our employees. The perceived uncertainties as to our future direction due to activist actions could affect the market price of our securities, result in the loss of potential business opportunities and make it more difficult to attract and retain qualified personnel, board members and business partners.

Our property taxes could increase due to reassessment or property tax rate changes.

We are required to pay real property taxes in respect of our properties and such taxes may increase as our properties are reassessed by taxing authorities or as property tax rates change. An increase in the assessed value of our properties or our property tax rates may not be passed along to our customers and could adversely impact our results of operations, cash flows and financial condition.

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We are currently subject to purported securities class action lawsuits and could become subject to other similar actions in the future, the unfavorable outcome of which could materially adversely impact our business or results of operations.

In April 2018, two purported securities class action lawsuits were filed against us and certain current and former officers of ours and one of our subsidiaries alleging violations of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and Rule 10b-5 thereunder. These lawsuits allege knowing material misstatements and omissions in our public disclosures concerning our business and the sustainability of our dividend to stockholders. While we intend to vigorously defend against these lawsuits, there is no assurance that we will be successful in the defense or that insurance will be available or adequate to fund any settlement or judgment or the litigation costs of the actions. In addition, we are obligated to indemnify and incur legal expenses on behalf of current and former officers under certain circumstances. These lawsuits, and any similar proceedings or claims that may be brought against us in the future, may divert management resources and cause us to incur substantial costs, and any unfavorable outcome could result in payment of damages and could damage our reputation, any or all of which could materially adversely impact our business and results of operations.

Changes to trade regulation, quotas, duties or tariffs, caused by the changing U.S. and geopolitical environments or otherwise, may increase our costs, result in fewer growth capital opportunities or projects, limit the amount of raw materials and products that we can import, decrease demand for certain of our services, or otherwise adversely impact our business.

The current U.S. administration has voiced strong concerns about imports from countries that it perceives as engaging in unfair trade practices, has increased tariffs on certain goods imported into the United States from those countries, including China and other countries from which we import components or raw materials, and has raised the possibility of imposing significant, additional tariff increases. The announcement of unilateral tariffs on imported products by the U.S has triggered retaliatory actions from certain foreign governments, including China, and may trigger retaliatory actions by other foreign governments, potentially resulting in a “trade war”. A “trade war” of this nature or other governmental action related to tariffs or international trade agreements or policies could increase our costs, reduce the demand or opportunity to deploy growth capital in our businesses at attractive rates of return, limit the amount of raw materials, components and other products that we can import, restrict our customers’ ability to deploy growth capital or transport products and therefore decrease demand for certain of our services, and/or adversely affect the U.S. economy or certain sectors thereof and, thus, adversely impact our businesses.

Our recent sale of BEC subjects us to various risks and uncertainties.

In October 2018, we concluded the sale, through a subsidiary, of BEC. Our subsidiary has agreed to indemnify the buyer, subject to the terms and limitations in the purchase and sale agreement, for breaches of representations, warranties and covenants in the purchase and sale agreement, and we will guarantee our subsidiary’s payment and certain post-closing indemnity obligations. In addition, following the sale, our businesses will be less diversified and our exposure to the risks inherent in our remaining businesses will increase.

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

None.

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities

None.

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

Not Applicable.

Item 5. Other Information

None.

Item 6. Exhibits

An exhibit index has been filed as part of this Report on page E-1 and is incorporated herein by reference.

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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 
 MACQUARIE INFRASTRUCTURE CORPORATION
(Registrant)
  
Dated: October 31, 2018 

By:

/s/ Christopher Frost

Name: Christopher Frost
Title:   Chief Executive Officer
  

Dated: October 31, 2018 

By:

/s/ Liam Stewart

Name: Liam Stewart
Title:   Chief Financial Officer

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EXHIBIT INDEX

 
Number Description
   2.1*† Purchase and Sale Agreement, dated as of July 27, 2018, by and among MIC Thermal Power Holdings, LLC and NHIP II Bayonne Holdings LLC
3.1 Certificate of Incorporation of the Registrant (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 of the Registrant’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on May 21, 2015).
3.2 Amended and Restated Bylaws of the Registrant, dated as of February 18, 2016 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.2 of the Registrant’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2015, filed with the SEC on February 23, 2016).
31.1* Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) Certification of the Chief Executive Officer
31.2* Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) Certification of the Chief Financial Officer
 32.1** Section 1350 Certification of Chief Executive Officer
 32.2** Section 1350 Certification of Chief Financial Officer
101.0*   The following materials from the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of Macquarie Infrastructure Corporation for the quarter ended September 30, 2018, filed on October 31, 2018, formatted in Extensible Business Reporting Language (XBRL): (i) the Consolidated Condensed Balance Sheets as of September 30, 2018 (Unaudited) and December 31, 2017, (ii) the Consolidated Condensed Statements of Operations for the quarters and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 (Unaudited), (iii) the Consolidated Condensed Statements of Comprehensive Income for the quarters and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 (Unaudited), (iv) the Consolidated Condensed Statements of Cash Flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 (Unaudited) and (v) the Notes to Consolidated Condensed Financial Statements (Unaudited).

*Filed herewith.
**Furnished herewith.
Schedules and exhibits have been omitted pursuant to Item 601(b)(2) of Regulation S-K. The Company agrees to furnish supplemental copies of any schedule or exhibit upon request by the SEC.

E-1