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NVL Novelis

Filed: 3 Nov 21, 11:21am

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549 
Form 10-Q
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2021
or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from            to            
Commission File Number: 001-32312
Novelis Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter) 
Canada 98-0442987
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 (I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)
3560 Lenox Road, Suite 2000
Atlanta, GA
 30326
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
(404) 760-4000
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code) 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
N/AN/AN/A
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ¨    No  
The registrant is a voluntary filer and is not subject to the filing requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. However, the registrant has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).     Yes      No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer¨Accelerated filer¨
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company¨
Emerging growth company¨
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  
As of November 2, 2021, the registrant had 1,000 shares of common stock, no par value, outstanding. All of the registrant’s outstanding shares were held indirectly by Hindalco Industries Ltd., the registrant’s parent company.



TABLE OF CONTENTS

2


COMMONLY USED OR DEFINED TERMS
TermDefinition
AlerisAleris Corporation
AluInfraAluInfra Services
AlunorfAluminium Norf GmbH
Duffel
Plant located in Duffel, Belgium required to be divested (Refer to Note 3 – Discontinued Operations)
Adjusted EBITDA
Exchange ActSecurities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended
fiscal 2016Fiscal year ended March 31, 2016
fiscal 2019Fiscal year ended March 31, 2019
fiscal 2020Fiscal year ended March 31, 2020
fiscal 2021Fiscal year ended March 31, 2021
fiscal 2022Fiscal year ending March 31, 2022
FRPFlat-rolled products
GAAPGenerally Accepted Accounting Principles
Hindalco SARsHindalco Stock Appreciation Rights
ktkilotonne (One kt is 1,000 metric tonnes.)
KobeKobe Steel, Ltd.
Lewisport
Plant located in Lewisport, Kentucky required to be divested (Refer to Note 3 – Discontinued Operations)
LoganLogan Aluminum Inc.
LMEThe London Metals Exchange
LMPLocal market premium
MMBtuOne decatherm or 1 million British Thermal Units
OEMOriginal equipment manufacturer
RSURestricted stock unit
SECUnited States Securities and Exchange Commission
Segment income
SG&ASelling, general and administrative expenses
SPESpecial purpose entity
Tri-ArrowsTri-Arrows Aluminum Inc.
UALUlsan Aluminum Ltd.
UBCUsed beverage can
U.S.United States
VIEVariable interest entity
2021 Form 10-KOur Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2021 as filed with the SEC on May 12, 2021
3


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements (unaudited)
Novelis Inc.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
Six Months Ended
September 30,
in millions2021202020212020
Net sales$4,119 $2,978 $7,974 $5,404 
Cost of goods sold (exclusive of depreciation and amortization)3,400 2,384 6,537 4,485 
Selling, general and administrative expenses142 129 301 251 
Depreciation and amortization134 141 268 259 
Interest expense and amortization of debt issuance costs60 70 119 140 
Research and development expenses21 18 45 37 
Loss on extinguishment of debt, net64 — 62 — 
Restructuring and impairment expenses (reversal), net— (2)
Equity in net income of non-consolidated affiliates— (1)(1)(2)
Business acquisition and other related costs— — — 11 
Other (income) expenses, net(20)18 (84)93 
3,801 2,766 7,245 5,282 
Income from continuing operations before income tax provision318 212 729 122 
Income tax provision79 68 187 39 
Net income from continuing operations239 144 542 83 
Loss from discontinued operations, net of tax(2)(11)(65)(29)
Loss on sale of discontinued operations, net of tax— (170)— (170)
Net loss from discontinued operations(2)(181)(65)(199)
Net income (loss)237 (37)477 (116)
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests— — — — 
Net income (loss) attributable to our common shareholder$237 $(37)$477 $(116)
____________________
See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

4

Novelis Inc.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS) (unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
Six Months Ended
September 30,
in millions2021202020212020
Net income (loss)$237 $(37)$477 $(116)
Other comprehensive (loss) income:
Currency translation adjustment(64)96 (34)151 
Net change in fair value of effective portion of cash flow hedges(190)(205)(71)
Net change in pension and other benefits79 10 87 
Other comprehensive (loss) income before income tax effect(247)181 (229)167 
Income tax (benefit) provision related to items of other comprehensive (loss) income(48)21 (48)
Other comprehensive (loss) income, net of tax(199)160 (181)165 
Comprehensive income38 123 296 49 
Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests, net of tax— — 
Comprehensive income attributable to our common shareholder$38 $121 $296 $46 
____________________
See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.
5

Novelis Inc.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (unaudited)
in millions, except number of sharesSeptember 30,
2021
March 31,
2021
ASSETS
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$659 $998 
Accounts receivable, net
— third parties (net of allowance for credit losses of $7 and $5 as of September 30, 2021 and March 31, 2021, respectively)2,124 1,687 
— related parties222 166 
Inventories2,623 1,928 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets212 198 
Fair value of derivative instruments217 137 
Assets held for sale
Current assets of discontinued operations12 15 
Total current assets6,074 5,134 
Property, plant and equipment, net4,628 4,687 
Goodwill1,083 1,083 
Intangible assets, net655 696 
Investment in and advances to non–consolidated affiliates831 838 
Deferred income tax assets137 130 
Other long–term assets
— third parties271 316 
— related parties
Total assets$13,680 $12,885 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDER’S EQUITY
Current liabilities:
Current portion of long–term debt$443 $71 
Short–term borrowings247 236 
Accounts payable
— third parties3,083 2,498 
— related parties296 230 
Fair value of derivative instruments582 280 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities655 670 
Current liabilities of discontinued operations13 16 
Total current liabilities5,319 4,001 
Long–term debt, net of current portion4,942 5,653 
Deferred income tax liabilities172 162 
Accrued postretirement benefits852 878 
Other long–term liabilities313 305 
Total liabilities11,598 10,999 
Commitments and contingencies00
Shareholder’s equity:
Common stock, no par value; Unlimited number of shares authorized; 1,000 shares issued and outstanding as of September 30, 2021 and March 31, 2021— — 
Additional paid–in capital1,304 1,404 
Retained earnings1,341 864 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(547)(366)
Total equity of our common shareholder2,098 1,902 
Noncontrolling interests(16)(16)
Total equity2,082 1,886 
Total liabilities and equity$13,680 $12,885 
____________________
See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements. Refer to Note 6 – Consolidation for information on our consolidated VIE.
6

Novelis Inc.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (unaudited)
 
Six Months Ended
September 30,
in millions20212020
OPERATING ACTIVITIES
Net income (loss)$477 $(116)
Net loss from discontinued operations(65)(199)
Net income from continuing operations$542 $83 
Adjustments to determine net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization268 259 
Loss on unrealized derivatives and other realized derivatives in investing activities, net36 11 
Loss (gain) on sale of assets(2)
Loss on extinguishment of debt, net62 — 
Deferred income taxes, net54 (33)
Equity in net income of non-consolidated affiliates(1)(2)
Loss on foreign exchange remeasurement of debt— 
Amortization of debt issuance costs and carrying value adjustments14 
Other, net(1)
Changes in assets and liabilities including assets and liabilities held for sale (net of effects from divestitures):
Accounts receivable(540)52 
Inventories(728)195 
Accounts payable706 (68)
Other assets(25)52 
Other liabilities(49)(187)
Net cash provided by operating activities - continuing operations339 373 
Net cash used in operating activities - discontinued operations(5)(31)
Net cash provided by operating activities$334 $342 
INVESTING ACTIVITIES
Capital expenditures$(194)$(226)
Acquisition of business, net of cash and restricted cash acquired— (2,614)
Proceeds from sales of assets, third party, net of transaction fees and hedging— 
Proceeds from investment in and advances to non-consolidated affiliates, net10 
Outflows from the settlement of derivative instruments, net(4)(1)
Other
Net cash used in investing activities - continuing operations(181)(2,826)
Net cash provided by investing activities - discontinued operations— 217 
Net cash used in investing activities$(181)$(2,609)
FINANCING ACTIVITIES
Proceeds from issuance of long-term and short-term borrowings$1,520 $1,910 
Principal payments of long-term and short-term borrowings(1,923)(30)
Revolving credit facilities and other, net14 (358)
Debt issuance costs(24)(24)
Return of capital to our common shareholder(100)— 
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities - continuing operations(513)1,498 
Net cash used in financing activities - discontinued operations— (2)
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities$(513)$1,496 
Net decrease in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash(360)(771)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash19 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash — beginning of period1,027 2,402 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash — end of period$673 $1,650 
Cash and cash equivalents$659 $1,627 
Restricted cash (Included in other long–term assets)14 14 
Restricted cash (Included in prepaid expenses and other current assets)— 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash — end of period$673 $1,650 
Supplemental Disclosures:
Accrued capital expenditures as of September 30$57 $55 
Accrued merger consideration as of September 30— 10 
____________________
See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.
7

Novelis Inc.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF SHAREHOLDER'S EQUITY (unaudited)
Equity of our Common Shareholder
Common StockAdditional
Paid-in Capital
Retained EarningsAccumulated
Other
Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Non-
controlling
Interests
Total Equity
in millions, except number of sharesSharesAmount
Balance as of March 31, 20201,000 $— $1,404 $628 $(620)$(51)$1,361 
Net loss attributable to our common shareholder— — — (116)— — (116)
Currency translation adjustment included in accumulated other comprehensive loss— — — — 151 — 151 
Change in fair value of effective portion of cash flow hedges, net of tax benefit of $19 included in accumulated other comprehensive loss— — — — (52)— (52)
Change in pension and other benefits, net of tax provision of $21 included in accumulated other comprehensive loss— — — — 63 66 
Balance as of September 30, 20201,000 $— $1,404 $512 $(458)$(48)$1,410 
Equity of our Common Shareholder  
Common StockAdditional
Paid-in Capital
Retained EarningsAccumulated
Other
Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Non-
controlling
Interests
Total Equity
SharesAmount
Balance as of March 31, 20211,000 $— $1,404 $864 $(366)$(16)$1,886 
Net income attributable to our common shareholder— — — 477 — — 477 
Currency translation adjustment included in accumulated other comprehensive loss— — — — (34)— (34)
Change in fair value of effective portion of cash flow hedges, net of tax benefit of $53 included in accumulated other comprehensive loss— — — — (152)— (152)
Change in pension and other benefits, net of tax provision of $5 included in accumulated other comprehensive loss— — — — — 
Return of capital to our common shareholder— — (100)— — — (100)
Balance as of September 30, 20211,000 $— $1,304 $1,341 $(547)$(16)$2,082 
Equity of our Common Shareholder
Common StockAdditional
Paid-in Capital
Retained EarningsAccumulated
Other
Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Non-
controlling
Interest
Total Equity
SharesAmount
Balance as of June 30, 20201,000 $— $1,404 $549 $(616)$(50)$1,287 
Net loss attributable to our common shareholder— — — (37)— — (37)
Currency translation adjustment included in accumulated other comprehensive loss— — — — 96 — 96 
Change in fair value of effective portion of cash flow hedges, net of tax provision of $2 included in accumulated other comprehensive loss— — — — — 
Change in pension and other benefits, net of tax provision of $19 included in accumulated other comprehensive loss— — — — 58 60 
Balance as of September 30, 20201,000 $— $1,404 $512 $(458)$(48)$1,410 
Equity of our Common Shareholder
Common StockAdditional
Paid-in Capital
Retained EarningsAccumulated
Other
Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Non-
controlling
Interest
Total Equity
SharesAmount
Balance as of June 30, 20211,000 $— $1,404 $1,104 $(348)$(16)$2,144 
Net income attributable to our common shareholder— — — 237 — — 237 
Currency translation adjustment included in accumulated other comprehensive loss— — — — (64)— (64)
Change in fair value of effective portion of cash flow hedges, net of tax benefit of $52 included in accumulated other comprehensive loss— — — — (138)— (138)
Change in pension and other benefits, net of tax provision of $4 included in accumulated other comprehensive loss— — — — — 
Return of capital to our common shareholder— — (100)— — — (100)
Balance as of September 30, 20211,000 $— $1,304 $1,341 $(547)$(16)$2,082 
____________________
See accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.
8

Novelis Inc.
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited)


1. BUSINESS AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
References herein to "Novelis," the "Company," "we," "our," or "us" refer to Novelis Inc. and its subsidiaries unless the context specifically indicates otherwise. References herein to "Hindalco" refer to Hindalco Industries Limited. Hindalco acquired Novelis in May 2007. All of the common shares of Novelis are owned directly by AV Metals Inc. and indirectly by Hindalco.
Organization and Description of Business
We produce aluminum plate, sheet, and light gauge products for use in the packaging market, which includes beverage and food can and foil products, as well as for use in the automotive, transportation, aerospace, electronics, architectural, and industrial product markets. We have recycling operations in many of our plants to recycle post-consumer aluminum, such as used-beverage cans, and post-industrial aluminum, such as class scrap. As of September 30, 2021, we had manufacturing operations in 9 countries on 4 continents: North America, South America, Asia, and Europe, through 33 operating facilities, which may include any combination of hot or cold rolling, finishing, casting, or recycling capabilities. We have recycling operations in 15 of our operating facilities.
The March 31, 2021 condensed consolidated balance sheet data was derived from the March 31, 2021 audited financial statements but does not include all disclosures required by U.S. GAAP. The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with our audited consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes in our 2021 Form 10-K. Management believes that all adjustments necessary for the fair statement of results, consisting of normally recurring items, have been included in the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for the interim periods presented.
Consolidation Policy
Our condensed consolidated financial statements include the assets, liabilities, revenues, and expenses of all wholly-owned subsidiaries, majority-owned subsidiaries over which we exercise control, and entities in which we have a controlling financial interest or are deemed to be the primary beneficiary. We eliminate intercompany accounts and transactions from our condensed consolidated financial statements.
We use the equity method to account for our investments in entities that we do not control but have the ability to exercise significant influence over operating and financial policies. Consolidated net income (loss) attributable to our common shareholder includes our share of net income (loss) of these entities. The difference between consolidation and the equity method impacts certain of our financial ratios because of the presentation of the detailed line items reported in the condensed consolidated financial statements for consolidated entities, compared to a two-line presentation of investment in and advances to non–consolidated affiliates and equity in net income of non-consolidated affiliates.
Use of Estimates and Assumptions
The preparation of our condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires us to make estimates and assumptions. These estimates and assumptions affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities as of the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. The principal areas of judgment relate to (1) impairment of goodwill; (2) actuarial assumptions related to pension and other postretirement benefit plans; (3) tax uncertainties and valuation allowances; (4) assessment of loss contingencies, including environmental and litigation liabilities; (5) the fair value of derivative financial instruments; and (6) the fair value of the contingent consideration resulting from the sale of Duffel. Future events and their effects cannot be predicted with certainty, and accordingly, our accounting estimates require the exercise of judgment. The accounting estimates used in the preparation of our condensed consolidated financial statements may change as new events occur, as more experience is acquired, as additional information is obtained, and as our operating environment changes. We evaluate and update our assumptions and estimates on an ongoing basis and may employ outside experts to assist in our evaluations. Actual results could differ from the estimates we have used.
Risks & Uncertainty resulting from COVID-19
Beginning late in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020 and carrying into the current fiscal year, the COVID-19 pandemic and its unprecedented negative economic implications have affected production and sales across a range of industries around the world.
Our global operations, similar to those of many other large, multi-national corporations, primarily felt this impact in early fiscal 2021 as we adjusted schedules at some of our facilities based on customer demand, resulting in disruptions to our supply chain, interruptions to our production, and delays of shipments to our customers, mainly during the first quarter of fiscal 2021.
9

Novelis Inc.
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited)
While much of our customer demand and shipments recovered in the majority of our end markets, the overall extent of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our operating results, cash flows, liquidity, and financial condition will depend on certain developments, including the duration and spread of the outbreak (including the emergence of variants of the virus) and its impact on our customers, employees, and vendors. We believe this will be primarily driven by the severity and duration of the pandemic, the pandemic’s impact on the U.S. and global economies, and the timing, scope, and effectiveness of federal, state, and local governmental responses, including the distribution and adoption of vaccines.
Although we have made our best estimates based upon current information, the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business may result in future changes to our estimates and assumptions based on its duration. Actual results could materially differ from the estimates and assumptions developed by management. If so, we may be subject to future impairment charges as well as changes to recorded reserves and valuations.
Reclassifications and Revisions of Previously Issued Financial Statements
We identified a misstatement related to the calculation of accrued capital expenditures within the statement of cash flows in our previously issued Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended September 30, 2020. As a result, the previously reported amounts for capital expenditures were understated by $4 million, changes in accounts payable were overstated by $2 million, changes in other liabilities were overstated by $2 million, and accrued capital expenditures, presented in supplemental disclosures, were understated by $3 million for the quarterly periods ended September 30, 2020. In addition, net cash used in operating activities - discontinued operations and net cash provided by investing activities - discontinued operations were each understated by $10 million for the quarterly periods ended September 30, 2020.
Additionally, we identified a misstatement related to the disclosure of changes in the components of accumulated other comprehensive loss, net in our previously issued Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended September 30, 2020. As a result, the previously reported amount for other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications for currency translation was understated by $60 million for the quarterly period ended September 30, 2020, while the amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss, net for currency translation were overstated by $60 million for the quarterly period ended September 30, 2020.
We assessed the materiality of the misstatements and concluded they were not material to the company's previously issued financial statements for the quarterly period ended September 30, 2020. However, we elected to revise the previously reported amounts for capital expenditures, changes in accounts payable and other liabilities, net cash used in operating activities - discontinued operations, and net cash provided by investing activities - discontinued operations within the condensed consolidated statement of cash flows, accrued capital expenditures within the supplemental disclosures to the condensed consolidated statement of cash flows, and capital expenditures within Note 18 – Segment, Geographical Area, Major Customer and Major Supplier Information. We have also revised the amounts for other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications for currency translation and the amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss, net for currency translation within Note 13 – Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss.
Recently Issued Accounting Standards (Not yet adopted)
There are no recent accounting pronouncements pending adoption that we expect will have a material impact on our consolidated financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows.

10

Novelis Inc.
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited)
2. BUSINESS COMBINATION
On April 14, 2020, Novelis completed its acquisition of 100% of the issued and outstanding shares of Aleris Corporation, a global supplier of rolled aluminum products.
The Company's condensed consolidated statement of operations for the six months ended September 30, 2020 includes the results of operations for Aleris Corporation from the acquisition date of April 14, 2020 to September 30, 2020. The following unaudited supplemental pro forma combined financial information presents the Company’s results of operations for the three and six months ended September 30, 2020 as if the acquisition of Aleris had occurred on April 1, 2019. The pro forma financial information is presented for comparative purposes only and is not necessarily indicative of the Company’s operating results that may have actually occurred had the acquisition of Aleris been completed on April 1, 2019. In addition, the unaudited pro forma financial information does not give effect to any anticipated cost savings, operating efficiencies or other synergies that may be associated with the acquisition, or any estimated costs that have been or will be incurred by the Company to integrate the assets and operations of Aleris.
Three Months Ended September 30,Six Months Ended September 30,
in millions20202020
Net sales$2,979 $5,459 
Net income (loss)17 (81)
The unaudited pro forma financial information reflects pro forma adjustments to present the combined pro forma results of operations as if the acquisition had occurred on April 1, 2019 to give effect to certain events the Company believes to be directly attributable to the acquisition. These pro forma adjustments primarily include:
the elimination of Aleris historical depreciation and amortization expense and the recognition of new depreciation and amortization expense;
an adjustment to interest expense to reflect (i) the additional borrowings of the Company in conjunction with the acquisition (ii) the repayment of Aleris’ historical debt in conjunction with the acquisition;
an adjustment to present acquisition-related transaction costs and other one-time costs directly attributable to the acquisition as if they were incurred in the earliest period presented; and
the related income tax effects of the adjustments noted above.
11

Novelis Inc.
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited)
3. DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS
On April 14, 2020, we closed the acquisition of Aleris for $2.8 billion. As a result of the antitrust review processes in the EU, the U.S., and China required for approval of the acquisition, we were obligated to divest Aleris' European and North American automotive assets, including the Duffel and Lewisport plants.
On September 30, 2020, we completed the sale of Duffel to Liberty House Group through its subsidiary, ALVANCE, the international aluminum business of the GFG Alliance. Upon closing, we received €210 million ($246 million as of September 30, 2020) in cash and a €100 million ($117 million as of September 30, 2020) receivable that was deemed to be contingent consideration. In addition, we recorded a €15 million ($18 million) receivable for net debt and working capital adjustments.
As of June 30, 2021, Novelis marked all outstanding receivables related to the sale of Duffel to an estimated fair value of €45 million ($53 million), which resulted in a loss of €51 million ($61 million) recorded in loss from discontinued operations, net of tax. As of September 30, 2021, there has been no change to this fair value. There is no assurance as to when we expect the post-closing arbitration process to conclude or whether we will receive any of the contingent consideration.
On November 8, 2020, we entered into a definitive agreement with American Industrial Partners for the sale of Lewisport and closed the sale on November 30, 2020. Upon closing, we received $180 million in cash proceeds. In addition, we have recorded a $17 million receivable for net working capital adjustments, which remains outstanding as of September 30, 2021.
In addition to the $61 million loss from discontinued operations, net of tax related to the fair value adjustment of Duffel receivables in the period, Novelis incurred $4 million of additional costs to sell primarily related to legal expenses. These costs are recorded within loss from discontinued operations, net of tax.
12

Novelis Inc.
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited)
4. RESTRUCTURING AND IMPAIRMENT
Restructuring and impairment expenses (reversal), net includes restructuring costs, impairments, and other related expenses or reversal of expenses. Restructuring and impairment expenses (reversal), net for the three months ended September 30, 2021 was a net zero expense primarily related to a partial release of certain restructuring liabilities as a result of changes in estimated costs, fully offset by expenses primarily related to reorganization activities resulting from the Aleris acquisition. Restructuring and impairment expenses (reversal), net for the six months ended September 30, 2021 totaled a net reversal of $2 million primarily related to a partial release of certain restructuring liabilities as a result of changes in estimated costs.
Restructuring and impairment expenses (reversal), net for the three and six months ended September 30, 2020 totaled $7 million and $8 million in expenses, respectively, primarily related to reorganization activities resulting from the Aleris acquisition.
The following table summarizes our restructuring liability activity.
in millionsNorth AmericaEuropeAsiaSouth AmericaOther OperationsTotal
Restructuring liability balance as of March 31, 2020$$21 $— $12 $— $34 
Restructuring and impairment expenses, net— — 
Cash payments(1)(13)— (1)(1)(16)
Foreign currency and other— — (1)— — 
Restructuring liability balance as of September 30, 2020$$10 $— $10 $$26 
in millionsNorth AmericaEuropeAsiaSouth AmericaOther OperationsTotal
Restructuring liability balance as of March 31, 2021$$19 $— $$$34 
Restructuring and impairment expenses (reversal), net(5)— — (2)
Cash payments(2)(8)— (1)(3)(14)
Foreign currency and other— — — (1)— (1)
Restructuring liability balance as of September 30, 2021(1)
$$$$$— $17 
____________________
(1)As of September 30, 2021, the restructuring liability totaled $17 million with $11 million included in accrued expenses and other current liabilities and the remaining is within other long–term liabilities on our accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet.



13

Novelis Inc.
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited)
5. INVENTORIES
Inventories consists of the following. 
in millionsSeptember 30,
2021
March 31,
2021
Finished goods$595 $455 
Work in process1,192 874 
Raw materials629 407 
Supplies207 192 
Inventories$2,623 $1,928 

14

Novelis Inc.
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited)
6. CONSOLIDATION
Variable Interest Entities
The entity that has a controlling financial interest in a VIE is referred to as the primary beneficiary and consolidates the VIE. An entity is deemed to have a controlling financial interest and is the primary beneficiary of a VIE if it has both the power to direct the activities of the VIE that most significantly impact the VIE’s economic performance and an obligation to absorb losses or the right to receive benefits that could potentially be significant to the VIE.
Logan is a consolidated joint venture in which we hold 40% ownership. Our joint venture partner is Tri-Arrows. Logan processes metal received from Novelis and Tri-Arrows and charges the respective partner a fee to cover expenses. Logan is a thinly capitalized VIE that relies on the regular reimbursement of costs and expenses from Novelis and Tri-Arrows to fund its operations. Novelis is considered the primary beneficiary and consolidates Logan since it has the power to direct activities that most significantly impact Logan's economic performance, an obligation to absorb expected losses, and the right to receive benefits that could potentially be significant.
Other than the contractually required reimbursements, we do not provide other material support to Logan. Logan's creditors do not have recourse to our general credit. There are significant other assets used in the operations of Logan that are not part of the joint venture, as they are directly owned and consolidated by Novelis or Tri-Arrows.
The following table summarizes the carrying value and classification of assets and liabilities owned by the Logan joint venture and consolidated in our condensed consolidated balance sheets.
in millionsSeptember 30,
2021
March 31,
2021
ASSETS
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$$
Accounts receivable, net57 69 
Inventories88 81 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
Total current assets151 159 
Property, plant and equipment, net24 19 
Goodwill12 12 
Deferred income tax assets56 57 
Other long–term assets
Total assets$252 $255 
LIABILITIES
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable$43 $38 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities22 26 
Total current liabilities65 64 
Accrued postretirement benefits209 214 
Other long–term liabilities
Total liabilities$279 $283 
 
15

Novelis Inc.
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited)
7. INVESTMENT IN AND ADVANCES TO NON-CONSOLIDATED AFFILIATES AND RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS
Included in the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements are transactions and balances arising from business we conducted with our equity method non-consolidated affiliates.
Alunorf
Alunorf is a joint venture investment between Novelis Deutschland GmbH, a subsidiary of Novelis, and Hydro Aluminum Deutschland GmbH. Each of the parties to the joint venture holds a 50% interest in the equity, profits and losses, shareholder voting, management control, and rights to use the production capacity of the facility. Alunorf tolls aluminum and charges the respective partner a fee to cover the associated expenses.
UAL
UAL is a joint venture investment between Novelis Korea Ltd., a subsidiary of Novelis, and Kobe. UAL is a thinly capitalized VIE that relies on the regular reimbursement of costs and expenses from Novelis and Kobe. UAL is controlled by an equally represented Board of Directors in which neither entity has sole decision-making ability regarding production operations or other significant decisions. Furthermore, neither entity has the ability to take the majority share of production or associated costs over the life of the joint venture. Our risk of loss is limited to the carrying value of our investment in and inventory-related receivables from UAL. UAL's creditors do not have recourse to our general credit. Therefore, Novelis is not considered the primary beneficiary, and UAL is accounted for as an equity method investment. UAL currently produces flat-rolled aluminum products exclusively for Novelis and Kobe. As of September 30, 2021, each of the parties to the joint venture holds a 50% interests in the equity of UAL.
AluInfra
AluInfra is a joint venture investment between Novelis Switzerland SA, a subsidiary of Novelis, and Constellium N.V. Each of the parties to the joint venture holds a 50% interest in the equity, profits and losses, shareholder voting, management control, and rights to use the facility.
The following table summarizes the results of operations of our equity method affiliates in the aggregate and the nature and amounts of significant transactions we have with our non-consolidated affiliates. The amounts in the table below are disclosed at 100% of the operating results of these affiliates.
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
Six Months Ended
September 30,
in millions2021202020212020
Net sales$389 $285 $774 $565 
Costs and expenses related to net sales375 277 747 551 
Income tax provision
Net income$10 $$20 $
Purchases of tolling services from Alunorf$70 $64 $139 $125 
The following table describes related party balances in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets. We had no other material related party balances with non-consolidated affiliates.
in millionsSeptember 30,
2021
March 31,
2021
Accounts receivable, net — related parties$222 $166 
Other long–term assets — related parties
Accounts payable — related parties296 230 
16

Novelis Inc.
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited)
Transactions with Hindalco
We occasionally have related party transactions with Hindalco. During the three and six months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, we recorded net sales of less than $1 million between Novelis and Hindalco related primarily to sales of equipment and other services. As of September 30, 2021 and March 31, 2021, there was $2 million of outstanding accounts receivable, net — related parties net of accounts payable — related parties related to transactions with Hindalco. During the three and six months ended September 30, 2021, Novelis purchased less than $1 million and $2 million in raw materials from Hindalco, respectively.
Return of Capital
During the second quarter of fiscal 2022, we paid a return of capital to our common shareholder in the amount of $100 million.

17

Novelis Inc.
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited)
8. DEBT
Debt consists of the following.
September 30, 2021March 31, 2021
in millions
Interest Rates(1)
Principal
Unamortized Carrying 
Value Adjustments(2)
Carrying ValuePrincipal
Unamortized Carrying
Value Adjustments(2)
Carrying Value
Short–term borrowings3.10 %$247 $— $247 $236 $— $236 
Floating rate Term Loan Facility, due June 20222.00 %419 (2)417 648 (5)643 
Floating rate Term Loan Facility, due January 20251.90 %763 (12)751 767 (15)752 
Floating rate Term Loan Facility, due March 20282.15 %498 (8)490 480 (9)471 
Zhenjiang Term Loans, due May 2024— — — 124 126 
5.875% Senior Notes, due September 2026— — — 1,500 (13)1,487 
3.25% Senior Notes, due November 20263.25 %750 (11)739 — — — 
3.375% Senior Notes, due April 20293.375 %579 (12)567 588 (13)575 
4.75% Senior Notes, due January 20304.75 %1,600 (26)1,574 1,600 (28)1,572 
3.875% Senior Notes, due August 20313.875 %750 (11)739 — — — 
China Bank loans, due August 20274.90 %77 — 77 76 — 76 
Finance lease obligations and other debt, due through June 20282.45 %31 — 31 22 — 22 
Total debt$5,714 $(82)$5,632 $6,041 $(81)$5,960 
Less: Short–term borrowings(247)— (247)(236)— (236)
Less: Current portion of long–term debt(445)(443)(71)— (71)
Long–term debt, net of current portion$5,022 $(80)$4,942 $5,734 $(81)$5,653 
____________________
(1)Interest rates are the stated rates of interest on the debt instrument (not the effective interest rate) as of September 30, 2021 and therefore exclude the effects of accretion and amortization of debt issuance costs related to refinancing transactions and additional borrowings. We present stated rates of interest because they reflect the rate at which cash will be paid for future debt service.
(2)Amounts include unamortized debt issuance costs, fair value adjustments, and debt discounts.
Principal repayment requirements for our total debt over the next five years and thereafter using exchange rates as of September 30, 2021 for our debt denominated in foreign currencies are as follows (in millions).
As of September 30, 2021Amount
Short-term borrowings and current portion of long-term debt due within one year$692 
2 years26 
3 years37 
4 years760 
5 years25 
Thereafter4,174 
Total$5,714 
Short-Term Borrowings
As of September 30, 2021, our short-term borrowings totaled $247 million, which consisted of $98 million of borrowings on our ABL Revolver, $99 million in China loans (CNY 639 million), and $50 million in Brazil loans (BRL 272 million).
Term Loan Facility
During the six months ended September 30, 2021, we made $200 million in principal payments beyond our quarterly amortization payments on our Floating rate Term Loan Facility, due June 2022. As a result of these payments, we recorded a loss on extinguishment of debt of $1 million in the second quarter of fiscal 2022.
As of September 30, 2021, we were in compliance with the covenants of our Term Loan Facility.
18

Novelis Inc.
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited)
ABL Revolver
As of September 30, 2021, we had $98 million in borrowings under our ABL Revolver and were in compliance with debt covenants. We utilized $55 million of our ABL Revolver for letters of credit. We had availability of $1.3 billion on the ABL Revolver, including $120 million of remaining availability that can be utilized for letters of credit.
Zhenjiang Term Loans
In May 2021, the Zhenjiang Term Loans were repaid in full, and the covenants under the agreement are no longer in effect. As a result of this transaction, we recorded a gain on extinguishment of debt of $2 million in the first quarter of fiscal 2022.
Senior Notes
In August 2021, Novelis Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Novelis Inc., issued $750 million in aggregate principal amount of 3.25% Senior Notes due November 2026 and $750 million in aggregate principal amount of 3.875% Senior Notes due August 2031 (together with the 3.25% Senior Notes due November 2026, the 3.375% Senior Notes due April 2029, and the 4.75% Senior Notes due January 2030, the "Senior Notes"). The 3.25% Senior Notes due November 2026 will mature on November 15, 2026 and are subject to semi-annual interest payments that will accrue at a rate of 3.25% per year. The 3.875% Senior Notes due August 2031 will mature on August 15, 2031 and are subject to semi-annual interest payments that will accrue at a rate of 3.875% per year. The net proceeds of the offering, together with cash on hand, were used to (i) fund the redemption of all of the 5.875% Senior Notes due September 2026, plus the redemption premium and accrued and unpaid interest thereon and (ii) pay certain fees and expenses in connection with the foregoing and the offering of the notes. We incurred debt issuance costs of $11 million for each of the 3.25% Senior Notes due November 2026 and the 3.875% Senior Notes due August 2031, which will be amortized as an increase to interest expense and amortization of debt issuance costs over the term of the note.
As a result of this transaction, we recorded a loss on extinguishment of debt of $63 million in the second quarter of fiscal 2022, $51 million of which related to the redemption premium and was paid with cash on hand.
The Senior Notes are guaranteed, jointly and severally, on a senior unsecured basis, by Novelis Inc. and certain of its subsidiaries. The Senior Notes contain customary covenants and events of default that will limit our ability and, in certain instances, the ability of certain of our subsidiaries to (1) incur additional debt and provide additional guarantees, (2) pay dividends or return capital beyond certain amounts and make other restricted payments, (3) create or permit certain liens, (4) make certain asset sales, (5) use the proceeds from the sales of assets and subsidiary stock, (6) create or permit restrictions on the ability of certain of Novelis' subsidiaries to pay dividends or make other distributions to Novelis or certain of Novelis' subsidiaries, as applicable, (7) engage in certain transactions with affiliates, (8) enter into sale and leaseback transactions, (9) designate subsidiaries as unrestricted subsidiaries and (10) consolidate, merge or transfer all or substantially all of our assets and the assets of certain of our subsidiaries. During any future period in which either Standard & Poor's Ratings Group, Inc. or Moody's Investors Service, Inc. have assigned an investment grade credit rating to the Senior Notes and no default or event of default under the indenture has occurred and is continuing, most of the covenants will be suspended. The Senior Notes include customary events of default, including a cross-acceleration event of default. The Senior Notes also contain customary call protection provisions for our bondholders that extend through November 2023 for the 3.25% Senior Notes due November 2026, through April 2024 for the 3.375% Senior Notes due April 2029, through January 2025 for the 4.75% Senior Notes due January 2030, and through August 2026 for the 3.875% Senior Notes due August 2031.
As of September 30, 2021, we were in compliance with the covenants of our Senior Notes.

19

Novelis Inc.
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited)
9. SHARE-BASED COMPENSATION
During the six months ended September 30, 2021, we granted 1,737,390 Hindalco phantom RSUs and 2,374,574 Hindalco SARs. Total compensation expense was $12 million and $24 million for the three and six months ended September 30, 2021, respectively. Total compensation expense was $5 million and $12 million for the three and six months ended September 30, 2020, respectively. As of September 30, 2021, the outstanding liability related to share-based compensation was $27 million.
The cash payments made to settle all Hindalco SAR liabilities were $16 million and $1 million in the six months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. Total cash payments made to settle RSUs were $16 million and $4 million in the six months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. Unrecognized compensation expense related to the non-vested Hindalco SARs (assuming all future performance criteria are met) was $13 million, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 1.3 years. Unrecognized compensation expense related to the RSUs was $16 million, which will be recognized over the remaining weighted average vesting period of 1.5 years.
20

Novelis Inc.
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited)
10. POSTRETIREMENT BENEFIT PLANS
The Company recognizes actuarial gains and losses and prior service costs in the condensed consolidated balance sheet and recognizes changes in these amounts during the year in which changes occur through other comprehensive income (loss). The Company uses various assumptions when computing amounts relating to its defined benefit pension plan obligations and their associated expenses (including the discount rate and the expected rate of return on plan assets).
During the first quarter of fiscal 2022, Novelis announced the freeze of future benefit accruals under the Canada Pension Plan, effective for union participants as of December 31, 2021 and for non-union participants as of December 31, 2023. Novelis remeasured the plan’s assets and obligations as of April 30, 2021, which is the nearest calendar month-end to the announcement of this freeze. A curtailment gain of $3 million was recorded related to the Canada Pension Plan.
During the second quarter of fiscal 2022, Novelis entered into an agreement to transfer the liabilities associated with a portion of the retirees and beneficiaries of the Canada Novelis Pension Plan to an insurer through a purchase of buy-out annuities. The premium payment was made to the insurer on August 10, 2021. Novelis remeasured the plan's assets and obligations as of July 31, 2021, which is the nearest calendar month-end to the premium payment for this settlement. The insurer will take on responsibility for the payments to these transferred members effective November 1, 2021. As a result of this transaction, a settlement gain of $4 million was recorded during the three months ended September 30, 2021.
Components of net periodic benefit cost for all of our postretirement benefit plans are shown in the table below.
 Pension Benefit PlansOther Benefit Plans
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
Three Months Ended
September 30,
in millions2021202020212020
Service cost$$12 $$
Interest cost14 15 
Expected return on assets(19)(19)— — 
Amortization — losses, net11 — — 
Settlement/curtailment (gain) loss(4)— — 
Net periodic benefit cost(1)
$$20 $$
Pension Benefit PlansOther Benefit Plans
Six Months Ended
September 30,
Six Months Ended
September 30,
2021202020212020
Service cost$16 $24 $$
Interest cost28 30 
Expected return on assets(39)(38)— — 
Amortization — losses, net23 — — 
Settlement/curtailments (gain) loss(7)— — 
Net periodic benefit cost(1)
$$40 $$
____________________
(1)Service cost is included within cost of goods sold (exclusive of depreciation and amortization) and selling, general and administrative expenses, while all other cost components are recorded within other (income) expenses, net.
Service costs of $1 million, interest cost of $2 million, and expected return on assets of $2 million included in the table above, for the three months ended September 30, 2020, relate to discontinued operations. The average expected long-term rate of return on all plan assets is 4.9% in fiscal 2022.
21

Novelis Inc.
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited)
Employer Contributions to Plans
For pension plans, our policy is to fund an amount required to provide for contractual benefits attributed to service to date and amortize unfunded actuarial liabilities typically over periods of 15 years or less. We also participate in savings plans in Canada and the U.S., as well as defined contribution pension plans in the U.S., U.K., Canada, Germany, Italy, Switzerland, and Brazil. We contributed the following amounts to all plans.
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
Six Months Ended
September 30,
in millions2021202020212020
Funded pension plans$10 $39 $17 $49 
Unfunded pension plans
Savings and defined contribution pension plans12 27 18 
Total contributions$24 $50 $50 $74 
For the six months ended September 30, 2020, contributions to funded pension plans of $5 million were attributable to discontinued operations. During the remainder of fiscal 2022, we expect to contribute an additional $26 million to our funded pension plans, $11 million to our unfunded pension plans, and $18 million to our savings and defined contribution pension plans.

22

Novelis Inc.
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited)
11. CURRENCY LOSSES (GAINS)
The following currency losses (gains) are included in other (income) expenses, net in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations.
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
Six Months Ended
September 30,
in millions2021202020212020
Gain on remeasurement of monetary assets and liabilities, net$(21)$(4)$(8)$(8)
Loss recognized on balance sheet remeasurement currency exchange contracts, net16 11 
Currency (gains) losses, net$(5)$$— $
The following currency losses are included in accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of tax and noncontrolling interests in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets.
 
Six Months Ended
September 30, 2021
 Fiscal Year Ended
March 31, 2021
in millions
Cumulative currency translation adjustment — beginning of period$(95)$(309)
Effect of changes in exchange rates(34)244 
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss, net(1)
— (30)
Cumulative currency translation adjustment — end of period$(129)$(95)
____________________
(1)Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss are due to the sale of Duffel.
23

Novelis Inc.
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited)
12. FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS AND COMMODITY CONTRACTS
The following tables summarize the gross fair values of our financial instruments and commodity contracts as of the periods presented.
 September 30, 2021
 AssetsLiabilitiesNet Fair Value
in millionsCurrent
Noncurrent(1)
Current
Noncurrent(1)
Assets / (Liabilities)
Derivatives designated as hedging instruments:
Cash flow hedges
Metal contracts$$$(310)$(16)$(322)
Currency exchange contracts(25)(10)(31)
Energy contracts17 — — 25 
Total derivatives designated as hedging instruments$23 $10 $(335)$(26)$(328)
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments:
Metal contracts$172 $$(208)$(4)$(36)
Currency exchange contracts20 — (39)(1)(20)
Energy contracts— — — 
Total derivatives not designated as hedging instruments$194 $$(247)$(5)$(54)
Total derivative fair value$217 $14 $(582)$(31)$(382)
 
 March 31, 2021
 AssetsLiabilitiesNet Fair Value
 Current
Noncurrent(1)
Current
Noncurrent(1)
Assets / (Liabilities)
Derivatives designated as hedging instruments:
Cash flow hedges
Metal contracts$$— $(105)$— $(101)
Currency exchange contracts— (20)(4)(18)
Energy contracts(3)— (1)
Total derivatives designated as hedging instruments$11 $$(128)$(4)$(120)
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments:
Metal contracts$104 $$(124)$(1)$(18)
Currency exchange contracts22 — (28)— (6)
Total derivatives not designated as hedging instruments$126 $$(152)$(1)$(24)
Total derivative fair value$137 $$(280)$(5)$(144)
____________________
(1)The noncurrent portions of derivative assets and liabilities are included in other long–term assets and in other long–term liabilities, respectively, in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets.
24

Novelis Inc.
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited)
Metal
We use derivative instruments to preserve our conversion margins and manage the timing differences associated with metal price lag. We use over-the-counter derivatives indexed to LME (referred to as our "aluminum derivative forward contracts") to reduce our exposure to fluctuating metal prices associated with the period of time between the pricing of our purchases of inventory and the pricing of the sale of that inventory to our customers, which is known as "metal price lag." We also purchase forward LME aluminum contracts simultaneously with our sales contracts with customers that contain fixed metal prices. These LME aluminum forward contracts directly hedge the economic risk of future metal price fluctuations to better match the selling price of the metal with the purchase price of the metal. The volatility in local market premiums also results in metal price lag.
Price risk arises due to fluctuating aluminum prices between the time the sales order is committed and the time the order is shipped. We identify and designate certain LME aluminum forward purchase contracts as cash flow hedges of the metal price risk associated with our future metal purchases that vary based on changes in the price of aluminum. Generally, such exposures do not extend beyond two years in length. The average duration of undesignated contracts is less than one year.
Price risk exposure arises due to the timing lag between the LME based pricing of raw material aluminum purchases and the LME based pricing of finished product sales. We identify and designate certain LME aluminum forward sales contracts as cash flow hedges of the metal price risk associated with our future metal sales that vary based on changes in the price of aluminum. Generally, such exposures do not extend beyond two years in length. The average duration of undesignated contracts is less than one year.
In addition to aluminum, we entered into LME copper and zinc forward contracts, as well as local market premiums forward contracts. As of September 30, 2021 and March 31, 2021, the fair value of these contracts represented an asset of less than $1 million and an asset of $7 million, respectively. These contracts are undesignated with an average duration of less than two years.
The following table summarizes our metal notional amount.
in ktSeptember 30,
2021
March 31,
2021
Hedge type
Purchase (sale)
Cash flow purchases10 
Cash flow sales(930)(594)
Not designated(59)(44)
Total, net(988)(628)
Foreign Currency
We use foreign exchange forward contracts, cross-currency swaps to manage our exposure to changes in exchange rates. These exposures arise from recorded assets and liabilities, firm commitments and forecasted cash flows denominated in currencies other than the functional currency of certain operations.
We use foreign currency contracts to hedge expected future foreign currency transactions, which include capital expenditures. These contracts cover the same periods as known or expected exposures. We had total notional amounts of $1.1 billion and $936 million in outstanding foreign currency forwards designated as cash flow hedges as of September 30, 2021 and March 31, 2021, respectively.
We use foreign currency contracts to hedge our foreign currency exposure to our net investment in foreign subsidiaries. We did not have any outstanding foreign currency forwards designated as net investment hedges as of September 30, 2021 and March 31, 2021.
As of September 30, 2021 and March 31, 2021, we had outstanding foreign currency exchange contracts with a total notional amount of $1.5 billion and $1.3 billion, respectively, to primarily hedge balance sheet remeasurement risk, which were not designated as hedges. Contracts representing the majority of this notional amount will mature during the third quarter of fiscal 2022 and offset the remeasurement impact.
Energy
We own an interest in an electricity swap contract to hedge our exposure to fluctuating electricity prices, which matures on January 5, 2022. As of September 30, 2021 and March 31, 2021, less than 1 million of notional megawatt hours were outstanding. The fair value of this swap was an asset of less than $1 million and a liability of $2 million, respectively. The electricity swap is designated as a cash flow hedge.
25

Novelis Inc.
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited)
We use natural gas forward purchase contracts to manage our exposure to fluctuating energy prices in North America. We had a notional of 14 million MMBtus designated as cash flow hedges as of September 30, 2021, and the fair value was a an asset of $22 million. There was a notional of 13 million MMBtu of natural gas forward contracts designated as cash flow hedges as of March 31, 2021 and the fair value was an asset of less than $1 million. As of September 30, 2021 and March 31, 2021, we had notionals of less than 1 million MMBtu forward contracts that were not designated as hedges. The fair value of forward contracts not designated as hedges as of September 30, 2021 and March 31, 2021 were an asset of $2 million and a liability of less than $1 million, respectively. The average duration of undesignated contracts is less than three years in length.
We use diesel fuel forward purchase contracts to manage our exposure to fluctuating fuel prices in North America. We had a notional of 4 million gallons designated as cash flow hedges as of September 30, 2021, and the fair value was a an asset of $2 million. There was a notional of 5 million gallons designated as cash flow hedges as of March 31, 2021, and the fair value was an asset of $1 million. As of September 30, 2021 we had notional of less than 1 million metric tonne, and as of March 31, 2021 we had notional of less than 1 million gallons of forward contracts that were not designated as hedges. The fair value of the same was an asset of less than $1 million, and the average duration of those undesignated contracts was less than one year in length.
Gain (Loss) Recognition
The following table summarizes the gains (losses) associated with the change in fair value of derivative instruments not designated as hedges and the excluded portion of designated derivatives recognized in other (income) expenses, net. Gains (losses) recognized in other line items in the condensed consolidated statement of operations are separately disclosed within this footnote.
 
Three Months Ended
September 30
Six Months Ended
September 30
in millions2021202020212020
Derivative instruments not designated as hedges
Metal contracts$12 $(7)$15 $(32)
Currency exchange contracts(17)(8)(6)(11)
Energy contracts(1)
Total (loss) gain recognized in other (income) expenses, net$(1)$(12)$15 $(38)
Loss recognized on balance sheet remeasurement currency exchange contracts, net$(16)$(9)$(8)$(11)
Realized gains (losses), net31 (9)43 — 
Unrealized (losses) gains on other derivative instruments, net(16)(20)(27)
Total (loss) gain recognized in other (income) expenses, net$(1)$(12)$15 $(38)
_________________________
(1)Includes amounts related to natural gas and diesel swaps not designated as hedges and electricity swap settlements.
The following table summarizes the impact on accumulated other comprehensive loss and earnings of derivative instruments designated as cash flow hedges. Within the next twelve months, we expect to reclassify $329 million of losses from accumulated other comprehensive loss to earnings, before taxes.
 Amount of Gain (Loss) Recognized in Other comprehensive (loss) income (Effective Portion)
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
Six Months Ended
September 30,
in millions2021202020212020
Cash flow hedging derivatives
Metal contracts$(330)$(37)$(523)$(59)
Currency exchange contracts(49)— (19)(8)
Energy contracts20 30 
Total$(359)$(34)$(512)$(62)
26

Novelis Inc.
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited)
Gain (Loss) Reclassification
 
Amount of Gain (Loss) Reclassified from Accumulated other comprehensive loss into Income/(Expense) (Effective Portion)
Three Months Ended
September 30,
Amount of Gain (Loss) Reclassified from Accumulated other comprehensive loss into Income/(Expense) (Effective Portion)
Six Months Ended
September 30,
Location of Gain (Loss) Reclassified 
from Accumulated other comprehensive loss into Earnings
in millions2021202020212020 
Cash flow hedging derivatives
Energy contracts(1)
$$(4)$— $(7)Cost of goods sold (exclusive of depreciation and amortization)
Metal contracts(6)(10)Cost of goods sold (exclusive of depreciation and amortization)
Metal contracts(174)(15)(313)55 Net sales
Currency exchange contracts(12)(23)Cost of goods sold (exclusive of depreciation and amortization)
Currency exchange contracts— (1)— (2)Selling, general and administrative expenses
Currency exchange contracts(2)(1)(1)(3)Net sales
Currency exchange contracts— (1)(1)(1)Depreciation and amortization
Total$(169)$(40)$(307)$Income from continuing operations before income tax provision
42 11 79 (2)Income tax provision
$(127)$(29)$(228)$Net income from continuing operations
_________________________
(1)Includes amounts related to electricity, natural gas, and diesel swaps.

The following tables summarize the location and amount of gains (losses) that were reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss into earnings and the amount excluded from the assessment of effectiveness for the periods presented.
Three Months Ended September 30, 2021Six Months Ended September 30, 2021
in millionsNet SalesCost of Goods SoldSelling, General & Administrative
Expenses
Depreciation and
Amortization
Other (Income) Expenses, NetNet SalesCost of Goods SoldSelling, General & Administrative
Expenses
Depreciation and
Amortization
Other (Income) Expenses, Net
Gain (loss) on cash flow hedging relationships
Metal commodity contracts:
Amount of (loss) gain reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss into income$(174)$$— $— $— $(313)$$— $— $— 
Energy commodity contracts:
Amount of gain reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss into income$— $$— $— $— $— $— $— $— $— 
Foreign exchange contracts:
Amount of (loss) gain reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss into income$(2)$$— $— $— $(1)$$— $(1)$— 
Amount excluded from effectiveness testing recognized in earnings based on changes in fair value$— $— $— $— $— $— $— $— $— $— 
27

Novelis Inc.
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited)
Three Months Ended September 30, 2020Six Months Ended September 30, 2020
in millionsNet SalesCost of Goods SoldSelling, General & Administrative
Expenses
Depreciation and
Amortization
Other (Income) Expenses, NetNet SalesCost of Goods SoldSelling, General & Administrative
Expenses
Depreciation
and
Amortization
Other (Income) Expenses, Net
Gain (loss) on cash flow hedging relationships
Metal commodity contracts:
Amount of (loss) gain reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss into income$(15)$(6)$— $— $— $55 $(10)$— $— $— 
Energy commodity contracts:
Amount of loss reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss into income$— $(4)$— $— $— $— $(7)$— $— $— 
Foreign exchange contracts:
Amount of loss reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss into income$(1)$(12)$(1)$(1)$— $(3)$(23)$(2)$(1)$— 
Amount excluded from effectiveness testing recognized in earnings based on changes in fair value$— $— $— $— $— $— $— $— $— $— 
28

Novelis Inc.
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited)
13. ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
The following tables summarize the change in the components of accumulated other comprehensive loss, excluding noncontrolling interests, for the periods presented.
in millionsCurrency Translation
Cash Flow Hedges(1)
Postretirement Benefit Plans(2)
Total
Balance as of June 30, 2021$(65)$(147)$(136)$(348)
Other comprehensive (loss) income before reclassifications(64)(265)(325)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss, net— 127 (1)126 
Net current-period other comprehensive (loss) income(64)(138)(199)
Balance as of September 30, 2021$(129)$(285)$(133)$(547)
Currency Translation
Cash Flow Hedges(1)
Postretirement Benefit Plans(2)
Total
Balance as of June 30, 2020$(254)$(82)$(280)$(616)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications126 (25)49 150 
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss, net(3)
(30)29 
Net current-period other comprehensive income96 58 158 
Balance as of September 30, 2020$(158)$(78)$(222)$(458)
Currency Translation
Cash Flow Hedges(1)
Postretirement Benefit Plans(2)
Total
Balance as of March 31, 2021$(95)$(133)$(138)$(366)
Other comprehensive (loss) income before reclassifications(34)(380)(409)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss, net— 228 — 228 
Net current-period other comprehensive (loss) income(34)(152)(181)
Balance as of September 30, 2021$(129)$(285)$(133)$(547)
Currency Translation
Cash Flow Hedges(1)
Postretirement Benefit Plans(2)
Total
Balance as of March 31, 2020$(309)$(26)$(285)$(620)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications181 (45)45 181 
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss, net(3)
(30)(7)18 (19)
Net current-period other comprehensive income (loss)151 (52)63 162 
Balance as of September 30, 2020$(158)$(78)$(222)$(458)
_________________________
(1)For additional information on our cash flow hedges, see Note 12 – Financial Instruments and Commodity Contracts.
(2)For additional information on our postretirement benefit plans, see Note 10 – Postretirement Benefit Plans.
(3)Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss for currency translation are due to the sale of Duffel.


    

29

Novelis Inc.
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited)
14. FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
We record certain assets and liabilities, primarily derivative instruments, on our condensed consolidated balance sheets at fair value. We also disclose the fair values of certain financial instruments, including debt and loans receivable, which are not recorded at fair value. Our objective in measuring fair value is to estimate an exit price in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. We consider factors such as liquidity, bid/offer spreads, and nonperformance risk, including our own nonperformance risk, in measuring fair value. We use observable market inputs wherever possible. To the extent observable market inputs are not available, our fair value measurements will reflect the assumptions used. We grade the level of the inputs and assumptions used according to a three-tier hierarchy:
Level 1 - Unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical, unrestricted assets or liabilities we have the ability to access at the measurement date.
Level 2 - Inputs other than quoted prices included within Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly.
Level 3 - Unobservable inputs for which there is little or no market data, which require us to develop our own assumptions based on the best information available as what market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability.
The following section describes the valuation methodologies we used to measure our various financial instruments at fair value, including an indication of the level in the fair value hierarchy in which each instrument is generally classified.
Derivative Contracts
For certain derivative contracts with fair values based upon trades in liquid markets, such as aluminum, zinc, copper, foreign exchange, natural gas, and diesel fuel forward contracts and options, valuation model inputs can generally be verified and valuation techniques do not involve significant judgment. The fair values of such financial instruments are generally classified within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy.
The majority of our derivative contracts are valued using industry-standard models with observable market inputs as their basis, such as time value, forward interest rates, volatility factors, and current (spot) and forward market prices. We generally classify these instruments within Level 2 of the valuation hierarchy. Such derivatives include interest rate swaps, cross-currency swaps, foreign currency contracts, aluminum, copper and zinc forward contracts, and natural gas and diesel fuel forward contracts.
We classify derivative contracts that are valued based on models with significant unobservable market inputs as Level 3 of the valuation hierarchy. Our electricity swap, which is our only Level 3 derivative contract, represents an agreement to buy electricity at a fixed price at our Oswego, New York facility. Forward prices are not observable for this market, so we must make certain assumptions based on available information we believe to be relevant to market participants. We use observable forward prices for a geographically nearby market and adjust for 1) historical spreads between the cash prices of the two markets and 2) historical spreads between retail and wholesale prices.
For the electricity swap, the average forward price at September 30, 2021, estimated using the method described above, was $55 per megawatt hour, which represented an approximately $7 premium over forward prices in the nearby observable market. The actual rate from the most recent swap settlement was approximately $50 per megawatt hour. Each $1 per megawatt hour decline in price decreases the valuation of the electricity swap by less than $1 million.
For Level 2 and 3 of the fair value hierarchy, where appropriate, valuations are adjusted for various factors such as liquidity, bid/offer spreads and credit considerations (nonperformance risk). We regularly monitor these factors along with significant market inputs and assumptions used in our fair value measurements and evaluate the level of the valuation input according to the fair value hierarchy. This may result in a transfer between levels in the hierarchy from period to period. As of September 30, 2021 and March 31, 2021, we did not have any Level 1 derivative contracts. No amounts were transferred between levels in the fair value hierarchy.
All of the Company's derivative instruments are carried at fair value in the statements of financial position prior to considering master netting agreements.
30

Novelis Inc.
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited)
The following table presents our derivative assets and liabilities which were measured and recognized at fair value on a recurring basis and classified under the appropriate level of the fair value hierarchy as of September 30, 2021 and March 31, 2021. The table below also discloses the net fair value of the derivative instruments after considering the impact of master netting agreements.
 September 30, 2021March 31, 2021
in millionsAssetsLiabilitiesAssetsLiabilities
Level 2 instruments:
Metal contracts$180 $(538)$111 $(230)
Currency exchange contracts24 (75)28 (52)
Energy contracts26 — (1)
Total level 2 instruments$230 $(613)$141 $(283)
Level 3 instruments:
Energy contracts— — (2)
Total level 3 instruments$$— $— $(2)
Total gross$231 $(613)$141 $(285)
Netting adjustment(1)
$(138)$138 $(81)$81 
Total net$93 $(475)$60 $(204)
 _________________________
(1)Amounts represent the impact of legally enforceable master netting agreements that allow the Company to settle positive and negative positions with the same counterparties.
There were no unrealized gains (losses) recognized in other (income) expenses, net for the six months ended September 30, 2021 related to Level 3 financial instruments.
The following table presents a reconciliation of fair value activity for Level 3 derivative contracts.
in millions
Level 3 –
Derivative Instruments(1)
Balance as of March 31, 2021$(2)
Unrealized/realized gain included in earnings(2)
Unrealized/realized gain included in accumulated other comprehensive loss(3)
Settlements(2)
(4)
Balance as of September 30, 2021$
_________________________
(1)Represents net derivative liabilities.
(2)Included in other (income) expenses, net.
In addition to our derivative assets and liabilities held at fair value, we have a Level 3 receivable related to the contingent consideration for the sale of Duffel to ALVANCE. Upon closing on September 30, 2020, we recorded a receivable at a fair value of €93 million ($109 million) measured based on the anticipated outcome, timeline of arbitration of greater than one year, and a discount rate of 5%. As of March 31, 2021, the fair value had been adjusted for the accretion of imputed interest to €95 million ($112 million).
During the first quarter of fiscal 2022, Novelis marked all outstanding receivables related to the sale of Duffel to an estimated fair value of €45 million ($53 million), which resulted in a loss of €51 million ($61 million) recorded in loss from discontinued operations, net of tax. See Note 3 – Discontinued Operations for more information. As of September 30, 2021, this receivable remains outstanding.
31

Novelis Inc.
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited)
Financial Instruments Not Recorded at Fair Value
The table below presents the estimated fair value of certain financial instruments not recorded at fair value on a recurring basis. The table excludes finance leases and short-term financial assets and liabilities for which we believe carrying value approximates fair value. We value long-term receivables and long-term debt using Level 2 inputs. Valuations are based on either market and/or broker ask prices when available or on a standard credit adjusted discounted cash flow model using market observable inputs.
 September 30, 2021March 31, 2021
in millionsCarrying ValueFair ValueCarrying ValueFair Value
Long-term receivables from related parties$$$$
Total debt — third parties (excluding finance leases and short-term borrowings)5,354 5,578 5,702 5,967 
32

Novelis Inc.
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited)
15. OTHER (INCOME) EXPENSES, NET
Other (income) expenses, net consists of the following.
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
Six Months Ended
September 30,
in millions2021202020212020
Currency (gains) losses, net(1)
$(5)$$— $
Unrealized losses (gains) on change in fair value of derivative instruments, net(2)
16 (6)20 27 
Realized (gains) losses on change in fair value of derivative instruments, net(2)
(31)(43)— 
Loss (gain) on sale of assets, net— (2)
Gain on Brazilian tax litigation, net(3)
— — (76)— 
Interest income(1)(1)(4)(4)
Non-operating net periodic benefit cost(4)
(4)10 (6)20 
Charitable contribution(5)
— — — 50 
Other, net(6)
23 (1)
Other (income) expenses, net$(20)$18 $(84)$93 
_________________________
(1)Includes loss recognized on balance sheet remeasurement currency exchange contracts, net. See Note 11 – Currency Losses (Gains) for further details.
(3)See Note 17 – Commitments and Contingencies for further details.
(4)Represents net periodic benefit cost, exclusive of service cost for the Company's pension and other post-retirement plans. For further details, refer to Note 10 – Postretirement Benefit Plans.
(5)Represents a charitable contribution for COVID-19 relief.
(6)Amounts in other, net for the six months ended September 31, 2021 primarily relate to $18 million from the release of certain outstanding receivables.
33

Novelis Inc.
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited)
16. INCOME TAXES
For the three and six months ended September 30, 2021, we had an effective tax rate of 25% and 26%, respectively. For the three and six months ended September 30, 2020, we had an effective tax rate of 32% and 33%, respectively. The 25% tax rate for the three months ended September 30, 2021 was primarily driven by the full year forecasted effective tax rate that takes into account income taxed at rates that differ from the 25% Canadian rate, including withholding taxes, offset by changes to the Brazilian real foreign exchange rate, income not subject to tax, and tax credits. The 26% rate for the six months ended September 30, 2021 was primarily driven by the full year forecasted effective tax rate that takes into account income taxed at rates that differ from the 25% Canadian rate, including withholding taxes, offset by tax credits, income not subject to tax and the enacted rate change in the United Kingdom. The corporate tax rate in the United Kingdom is scheduled to increase from 19% to 25%, effective for the fiscal year beginning April 1, 2023. The impact of this change resulted in a tax benefit of approximately $8 million.
As of September 30, 2021, we had a net deferred tax liability of $35 million. This amount included gross deferred tax assets of approximately $1.5 billion and a valuation allowance of $832 million. It is reasonably possible that our estimates of future taxable income may change within the next twelve months resulting in a change to the valuation allowance in one or more jurisdictions.

34

Novelis Inc.
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited)
17. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
We are party to, and may in the future be involved in, or subject to, disputes, claims, and proceedings arising in the ordinary course of our business, including some we assert against others, such as environmental, health and safety, product liability, employee, tax, personal injury, and other matters. For certain matters in which the Company is involved for which a loss is reasonably possible, we are unable to estimate a loss. For certain other matters for which a loss is reasonably possible and the loss is estimable, we have estimated the aggregated range of loss as $0 to $57 million. This estimated aggregate range of reasonably possible losses is based upon currently available information. The Company’s estimates involve significant judgment, and therefore, the estimate will change from time to time and actual losses may differ from the current estimate. We review the status of, and estimated liability related to, pending claims and civil actions on a quarterly basis. The evaluation model includes all asserted and unasserted claims that can be reasonably identified, including claims relating to our responsibility for compliance with environmental, health and safety laws and regulations in the jurisdictions in which we operate or formerly operated. The estimated costs in respect of such reported liabilities are not offset by amounts related to insurance or indemnification arrangements unless otherwise noted.
Environmental Matters
We have established liabilities based on our estimates for currently anticipated costs associated with environmental matters. We estimate that the costs related to our environmental liabilities as of September 30, 2021 and March 31, 2021 were approximately $22 million and $23 million, respectively. Of the total $22 million at September 30, 2021, $4 million was associated with restructuring actions and the remaining $18 million is associated with undiscounted environmental clean-up costs. As of September 30, 2021, $5 million is included in accrued expenses and other current liabilities and the remaining is within other long–term liabilities in our accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets.
Brazilian Tax Litigation
Under a federal tax dispute settlement program established by the Brazilian government, we have settled several disputes with Brazil’s tax authorities regarding various forms of manufacturing taxes and social security contributions. Total settlement liabilities as of September 30, 2021 and March 31, 2021 were $18 million and $20 million, respectively. As of September 30, 2021, $6 million is included in accrued expenses and other current liabilities and the remaining is within other long–term liabilities in our accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets.
In addition to the disputes we have settled under the federal tax dispute settlement program, we are involved in several other unresolved tax and other legal claims in Brazil. Total liabilities for other disputes and claims were $27 million as of September 30, 2021 and $24 million as of March 31, 2021. As of September 30, 2021, $1 million is included in accrued expenses and other current liabilities and the remaining is within other long–term liabilities in our accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets. Additionally, we have included in the range of reasonably possible losses disclosed above, any unresolved tax disputes or other contingencies for which a loss is reasonably possible and estimable. The interest cost recorded on these settlement liabilities offset by interest earned on the cash deposits is reported in other (income) expenses, net on the condensed consolidated statement of operations.
During fiscal 2021, fiscal 2020, and fiscal 2019, we received multiple favorable rulings from the Brazilian court that recognized the right to exclude certain taxes from the tax base used to calculate contributions to the social integration program and social security contributions on gross revenues, also known as PIS and COFINS. As a result of these cases, we have the right to apply for tax credits for the amounts overpaid during specified tax years. These credits and corresponding interest can be used to offset various Brazilian federal taxes in future years.
The Brazilian Office of the Attorney General of the National Treasury sought clarification from the Brazilian Supreme Court of certain matters, including the calculation methodology (i.e. gross or net credit amount) and timing of these credits. Since the Brazilian Supreme Court had not yet confirmed the appropriate methodology when these favorable rulings were received, Novelis recorded this benefit in the corresponding periods based on the net credit amount.
However, during the first quarter of fiscal 2022, the Brazilian Supreme Court ruled that the credit should be calculated using the gross methodology for lawsuits filed prior to March 2017. As such, Novelis has recorded additional income of $76 million in other (income) expenses, net, $48 million of which is principal and $29 million is interest, related to PIS and COFINS for the years 2009 to 2017, net of $1 million in litigation expense. This income is subject to income taxes and therefore, resulted in the recognition of income of $51 million within net income (loss). The credit amounts, interest calculation, and supporting documentation are subject to further validation and scrutiny by tax authorities for five years after the credits are utilized. Thus, credits recognized may differ from these amounts.
35

Novelis Inc.
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited)
In order to qualify for these credits, the Company is required to compile and present verifiable support validating the credits. The Company is still in process of compiling supporting documentation related to PIS for the years 2002 to 2008 and COFINS for the years 1991 to 2008, and therefore has not yet recorded an estimate for these periods. Novelis expects to complete this process and record the impacts of any additional credits by the end of fiscal 2022.
During the second quarter of fiscal 2022, Novelis applied for and received official authorization from The Special Department of Federal Revenue of Brazil, Receita Federal, to use the PIS and COFINS credits related to the years 2015 to 2017. Novelis was able to utilize a portion of these credits to offset taxes to be paid in the current period and anticipates utilizing the remainder in the third quarter of fiscal 2022.
36

Novelis Inc.
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited)
18. SEGMENT, GEOGRAPHICAL AREA, MAJOR CUSTOMER AND MAJOR SUPPLIER INFORMATION
Segment Information
Due in part to the regional nature of supply and demand of aluminum rolled products and to best serve our customers, we manage our activities based on geographical areas and are organized under 4 operating segments: North America, Europe, Asia, and South America. All of our segments manufacture aluminum sheet and light gauge products. We also manufacture aluminum plate products in Europe and Asia.
The following is a description of our operating segments.
North America. Headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia, this segment operates 17 plants, including 7 with recycling operations, in 2 countries.
Europe. Headquartered in Küsnacht, Switzerland, this segment operates 10 plants, including 5 with recycling operations, in 4 countries.
Asia. Headquartered in Seoul, South Korea, this segment operates 4 plants, including 2 with recycling operations, in 2 countries.
South America. Headquartered in Sao Paulo, Brazil, this segment operates 2 plants in Brazil, including 1 with recycling operations.
Net sales and expenses are measured in accordance with the policies and procedures described in Note 1 – Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies shown in our 2021 Form 10-K.
We measure the profitability and financial performance of our operating segments based on segment income. Segment income provides a measure of our underlying segment results that is in line with our approach to risk management. We define segment income as earnings before (a) depreciation and amortization; (b) interest expense and amortization of debt issuance costs; (c) interest income; (d) unrealized gains (losses) on change in fair value of derivative instruments, net, except for foreign currency remeasurement hedging activities, which are included in segment income; (e) impairment of goodwill; (f) (gain) loss on extinguishment of debt, net; (g) noncontrolling interests' share; (h) adjustments to reconcile our proportional share of segment income from non-consolidated affiliates to income as determined on the equity method of accounting; (i) restructuring and impairment (reversal) expenses, net; (j) gains or losses on disposals of property, plant and equipment and businesses, net; (k) other costs, net; (l) litigation settlement, net of insurance recoveries; (m) sale transaction fees; (n) income tax provision (benefit); (o) cumulative effect of accounting change, net of tax; (p) metal price lag; (q) business acquisition and other related costs"; (r) purchase price accounting adjustments; (s) income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax; and (t) loss on sale of discontinued operations, net of tax.
The tables that follow show selected segment financial information. "Eliminations and Other" includes eliminations and functions that are managed directly from our corporate office that have not been allocated to our operating segments as well as the adjustments for proportional consolidation and eliminations of intersegment net sales. The financial information for our segments includes the results of our affiliates on a proportionately consolidated basis, which is consistent with the way we manage our business segments. In order to reconcile the financial information for the segments shown in the tables below to the relevant U.S. GAAP based measures, we must adjust proportional consolidation of each line item. The "Eliminations and Other" in net sales – third party includes the net sales attributable to our joint venture party, Tri-Arrows, for our Logan affiliate because we consolidate 100% of the Logan joint venture for U.S. GAAP, but we manage our Logan affiliate on a proportionately consolidated basis. See Note 6 – Consolidation and Note 7 – Investment in and Advances to Non-Consolidated Affiliates and Related Party Transactions for further information about these affiliates. Additionally, we eliminate intersegment sales and intersegment income for reporting on a consolidated basis.
37

Novelis Inc.
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited)
Selected Segment Financial Information
September 30, 2021North AmericaEuropeAsiaSouth America
Eliminations and Other(1)
Total
Investment in and advances to non–consolidated affiliates$— $508 $323 $— $— $831 
Total assets4,601 4,229 2,444 1,783 623 13,680 
March 31, 2021North AmericaEuropeAsiaSouth America
Eliminations and Other(1)
Total
Investment in and advances to non–consolidated affiliates$— $510 $328 $— $— $838 
Total assets4,084 3,974 2,423 1,797 607 12,885 
Selected Operating Results
Three Months Ended September 30, 2021
North AmericaEuropeAsiaSouth AmericaEliminations and OtherTotal
Net sales - third party$1,671 $1,044 $722 $592 $90 $4,119 
Net sales - intersegment— 45 (54)— 
Net sales$1,671 $1,089 $728 $595 $36 $4,119 
Depreciation and amortization$57 $43 $22 $19 $(7)$134 
Income tax provision (benefit)28 12 18 23 (2)79 
Capital expenditures34 18 22 20 (1)93 
Selected Operating Results
Three Months Ended September 30, 2020
North AmericaEuropeAsiaSouth AmericaEliminations and OtherTotal
Net sales - third party$1,192 $792 $480 $425 $89 $2,978 
Net sales - intersegment— 25 — (29)— 
Net sales$1,192 $817 $484 $425 $60 $2,978 
Depreciation and amortization$65 $43 $22 $17 $(6)$141 
Income tax provision17 14 29 68 
Capital expenditures41 18 28 29 (2)114 
Selected Operating Results
Six Months Ended September 30, 2021
North AmericaEuropeAsiaSouth AmericaEliminations and OtherTotal
Net sales - third party$3,127 $2,112 $1,388 $1,166 $181 $7,974 
Net sales - intersegment— 97 12 (114)— 
Net sales$3,127 $2,209 $1,400 $1,171 $67 $7,974 
Depreciation and amortization$113 $87 $44 $37 $(13)$268 
Income tax provision (benefit)45 23 36 86 (3)187 
Capital expenditures79 33 36 49 (3)194 
Selected Operating Results
Six Months Ended September 30, 2020
North AmericaEuropeAsiaSouth AmericaEliminations and OtherTotal
Net sales - third party$2,020 $1,461 $979 $770 $174 $5,404 
Net sales - intersegment— 43 10 (60)— 
Net sales$2,020 $1,504 $989 $777 $114 $5,404 
Depreciation and amortization$114 $81 $42 $35 $(13)$259 
Income tax (benefit) provision(16)(8)24 54 (15)39 
Capital expenditures90 34 52 53 (3)226 
_________________________
(1)Includes assets of discontinued operations.
38

Novelis Inc.
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited)
The table below displays the reconciliation from net income (loss) attributable to our common shareholder to segment income.
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
Six Months Ended
September 30,
in millions2021202020212020
Net income (loss) attributable to our common shareholder$237 $(37)$477 $(116)
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests— — — — 
Income tax provision79 68 187 39 
Loss from discontinued operations, net of tax11 65 29 
Loss on sale of discontinued operations, net of tax— 170 — 170 
Income from continuing operations before income tax provision318 212 729 122 
Depreciation and amortization134 141 268 259 
Interest expense and amortization of debt issuance costs60 70 119 140 
Adjustment to reconcile proportional consolidation(1)
15 15 29 29 
Unrealized losses (gains) on change in fair value of derivative instruments, net16 (6)20 27 
Realized losses (gains) on derivative instruments not included in segment income(2)
— (1)
Loss on extinguishment of debt, net64 — 62 — 
Restructuring and impairment expenses (reversal), net— (2)
Loss (gain) on sale of assets, net— (2)
Purchase price accounting adjustments(3)
— — 29 
Metal price lag(59)12 (113)32 
Business acquisition and other related costs(4)
— — — 11 
Other, net(5)
(5)49 
Segment income$553 $455 $1,108 $708 
_________________________
(1)Adjustment to reconcile proportional consolidation relates to depreciation, amortization, and income taxes of our equity method investments. Income taxes related to our equity method investments are reflected in the carrying value of the investment and not in our consolidated income tax provision.
(2)Realized losses (gains) on derivative instruments not included in segment income represents foreign currency derivatives unrelated to operations.
(3)Purchase price accounting adjustments primarily relates to the relief of the inventory step-up related to the acquired Aleris business.
(4)Business acquisition and other related costs are primarily legal and professional fees associated with our acquisition of Aleris.
(5)For the six months ended September 30, 2021, other, net primarily relates to $29 million of interest income recognized as a result of Brazilian tax litigation settlements, partially offset by $18 million from the release of certain outstanding receivables. For the six months ended September 30, 2020, other, net primarily relates to a charitable contribution for COVID-19 relief as well as interest income.
The following table displays segment income by reportable segment.
Three Months Ended
September 30,
Six Months Ended
September 30,
in millions2021202020212020
North America$227 $205 $399 $283 
Europe78 63 180 83 
Asia92 74 180 149 
South America154 112 347 188 
Eliminations and other
Segment income$553 $455 $1,108 $708 
39

Novelis Inc.
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited)
Information about Product Sales, Major Customers, and Primary Supplier
Product Sales
The following table displays our net sales by product end market.
Three Months Ended
September 30,
Six Months Ended
September 30,
in millions2021202020212020
Can$2,112 $1,455 $4,052 $2,835 
Automotive764 654 1,510 967 
Aerospace and industrial plate122 93 236 195 
Specialty1,121 776 2,176 1,407 
Net sales$4,119 $2,978 $7,974 $5,404 

Major Customers
The following table displays customers representing 10% or more of our total net sales for any of the periods presented and their respective percentage of total net sales.
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
Six Months Ended
September 30,
2021202020212020
Ball16 %14 %16 %15 %
Primary Supplier
Rio Tinto is our primary supplier of metal inputs, including prime and sheet ingot. The table below shows our purchases from Rio Tinto as a percentage of our total combined metal purchases.
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
Six Months Ended
September 30,
 2021202020212020
Purchases from Rio Tinto as a percentage of total combined metal purchases%%%%

40

Novelis Inc.
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited)
19. SUBSEQUENT EVENTS
ABL Revolver Amendment
In October 2021, we entered into an amendment to our existing ABL Revolver. Prior to the USD LIBOR transition date, loans denominated in USD under the ABL Revolver will continue to bear interest at a rate of LIBOR plus a spread of 1.25% to 1.75% based on excess availability. The amendment provides that on and after the USD LIBOR transition date, loans denominated in USD will bear interest at a rate of the applicable replacement reference plus a spread of 1.25% to 1.75% as adjusted under the terms of the ABL Revolver based on excess availability. In the case of USD loans accruing interest at Daily Simple SOFR, the margin adjustment is 0.11448% so the applicable interest rate would be Daily Simple SOFR plus a spread of approximately 1.36% to 1.86% depending on availability. The USD LIBOR transition date is defined as the earlier of (a) when the ICE Benchmark Administration ceases to provide the USD LIBOR and there is no available tenor of USD LIBOR or the Financial Conduct Authority announces all available tenors of USD LIBOR are no longer representative or (b) an early opt-in effective date. The ABL Revolver also permits us to elect to borrow USD loans that accrue interest at a base rate (determined based on the greater of a prime rate or an adjusted federal funds rate) plus a prime spread of .25% to .75% based on excess availability. The amendment also provides for replacement reference rates for loans denominated in euros, British pounds, and Swiss francs upon the transition event applicable to each such currency.
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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
The following information should be read together with our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for a more complete understanding of our financial condition and results of operations. The following discussion contains forward-looking statements that reflect our plans, estimates, and beliefs. Our actual results could differ materially from those discussed in these forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to these differences include, but are not limited to, those discussed below, particularly in SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS AND MARKET DATA.
OVERVIEW AND REFERENCES
Novelis Inc. is driven by its purpose of shaping a sustainable world together. We are a global leader in the production of innovative aluminum products and solutions and the world’s largest recycler of aluminum. Our ambition is to be the leading provider of low-carbon, sustainable aluminum solutions and to achieve a fully circular economy by partnering with our suppliers, as well as our customers in the aerospace, automotive, beverage can, and specialties industries throughout North America, Europe, Asia, and South America. Novelis is a subsidiary of Hindalco Industries Limited, an industry leader in aluminum and copper, and the metals flagship company of the Aditya Birla Group, a multinational conglomerate based in Mumbai. We have recycling operations in many of our plants to recycle both post-consumer and post-industrial aluminum. As of September 30, 2021, we had manufacturing operations in nine countries on four continents, through 33 operating facilities, which include any combination of hot or cold rolling, finishing, casting, or recycling capabilities. We have recycling operations in 15 of our operating facilities.
In this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, unless otherwise specified, the terms "we," "our," "us," "Company," and "Novelis" refer to Novelis Inc., a company incorporated in Canada under the Canadian Business Corporations Act, and its subsidiaries. References herein to "Hindalco" refer to Hindalco Industries Limited, which acquired Novelis in May 2007.
As used in this Quarterly Report, consolidated "aluminum rolled product shipments," "flat-rolled product shipments," or "shipments" refers to aluminum rolled product shipments to third parties. Regional "aluminum rolled product shipments," "flat-rolled product shipments," or "shipments" refers to aluminum rolled product shipments to third parties and intersegment shipments to other Novelis regions. Shipment amounts also include tolling shipments. References to "total shipments" include aluminum rolled product shipments as well as certain other non-rolled product shipments, primarily scrap, UBCs, ingots, billets, and primary remelt. The term "aluminum rolled products" is synonymous with the terms "flat-rolled products" and "FRP" which are commonly used by manufacturers and third party analysts in our industry. All tonnages are stated in metric tonnes. One metric tonne is equivalent to 2,204.6 pounds. One kt is 1,000 metric tonnes.
BUSINESS AND INDUSTRY CLIMATE
On April 14, 2020, Novelis closed its acquisition of Aleris Corporation and continues to integrate the two companies. The acquisition provides a number of strategic benefits, including increasing the Company’s footprint as an aluminum rolled products manufacturer and diversifying its product and customer portfolio. In addition, we now expect to generate over $220 million in synergies, through traditional integration cost synergies and strategic synergies created by enhancing and integrating operations in Asia. Since closing the transaction, $96 million of run-rate cost synergies have been achieved through September 30, 2021.
The early months of fiscal 2021 were negatively impacted by a short-term reduction in demand for aluminum rolled products as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, particularly in the automotive and aerospace markets. With the exception of aerospace, which is expected to remain muted in fiscal 2022 as air travel remains restricted, demand strengthened considerably in the second quarter of fiscal 2021 across our end markets and has since remained broadly favorable.
Like most companies, Novelis has experienced increased inflationary cost pressures this fiscal year resulting from global supply chain disruptions impacting the availability and price of materials and services including freight, energy, coatings, and alloys. We believe we are adequately prepared to maintain current production levels and service our customers without disruptions. However, we cannot project how long supply chain disruptions will last. While our near-term results are being negatively impacted by these higher costs, we have been able to mitigate the inflationary impact through a combination of hedging, passing through costs to customers, favorable pricing environments and increased recycling benefits.
We believe the long-term trends for flat-rolled aluminum products remain strong and there are several opportunities to grow Novelis’ business organically through debottlenecking, recycling, and other capacity investments over the next five years. Economic growth, material substitution, and sustainability considerations, including increased environmental awareness around polyethylene terephthalate plastics, continue to support long-term increasing global demand for aluminum and rolled products.
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We expect our future capital investment plans to be focused on increasing capacity and capabilities that meet growing customer demand and align with our sustainability commitments. In October 2021, we announced plans to invest approximately $130 million at our Oswego, New York (U.S.) plant to meet growing customer demand for sustainable, aluminum flat-rolled products. We expect the project to increase hot mill capacity by 124 kt, with a total expected increase of finished goods capacity estimated in the range of 65 kt, and enhance batch annealing capabilities used to finish automotive sheet.
With the exception of China, where can sheet overcapacity and strong competition remains, favorable market conditions and increasing customer preference for sustainable packaging options is driving higher demand for recyclable aluminum beverage cans and bottles. In the first half of fiscal 2022, we completed an investment to expand the rolling and recycling capability, each by 100 kt, in our Pindamonhangaba, Brazil plant to support this demand and continue to evaluate opportunities for additional capacity expansion across regions.
Near-term demand for aluminum automotive sheet is being impacted by the semiconductor shortage in the automotive industry, and we expect uneven demand to continue through the remainder of fiscal 2022. However, long-term demand continues to grow and has driven our recent investments in automotive sheet finishing capacity in Guthrie, Kentucky (U.S.) and Changzhou, China. This demand has been primarily driven by the benefits that result from using lightweight aluminum in vehicle structures and components, such as electric vehicle battery enclosures, as companies respond to stricter government emissions and fuel economy regulations, while maintaining or improving vehicle safety and performance, resulting in increased competition with high-strength steel. We have also announced plans to invest approximately $375 million to expand cold rolling and recycling capacity in Zhenjiang, China to integrate our automotive business in Asia.
We expect long-term demand for building and construction and other specialty products will grow due to increased customer preference for lightweight, sustainable materials and demand for aluminum plate in Asia to grow driven by the development and expansion of industries serving aerospace, rail, and other technically demanding applications.
We believe significant aircraft industry order backlogs for key OEMs, including Airbus and Boeing, will translate into growth in the future, and we believe our multi-year supply agreements have positioned us to benefit from future expected demand.
Environmental, Social & Governance
In April 2021, we announced that we will further our longstanding sustainability commitment by aiming to become a net carbon-neutral company by 2050 or sooner and reducing our carbon footprint 30% by 2026, based on a baseline of fiscal 2016. In addition, we have added targets to reduce waste to landfills by 20%, energy intensity by 10%, and water consumption by 10%, each by 2026, based on a baseline of fiscal 2016.
We plan to continue increasing the use of recycled content in our products, as appropriate, and engaging with customers, suppliers, and industry peers across the value chain as we aim to drive innovation that improves aluminum's overall sustainability.
Our path to a more sustainable and circular future goes beyond our environmental commitments. We have set new targets to reshape a more diverse and inclusive workforce that reflects our local communities. Globally, we are dedicated to increasing the representation of women in senior leadership and technical roles at Novelis in order to create and foster the next generation of female scientists and engineers.
Novelis is committed to increasing the representation of women in the company to 30% in senior leadership positions and 15% in senior technical roles by 2024. To achieve these goals, the company has established a global Diversity & Inclusion board, as well as supporting councils in each of our four regions. We will also continue assisting our Employee Resource Groups to help create a more inclusive environment where we seek to provide everyone with a sense of belonging and different backgrounds and perspectives are embraced and valued.
Equally important is Novelis' work with the communities in which our employees live and work and our longstanding, industry-leading commitment to safety. With firmly established community engagement programs, the company commits to advancing its corporate social responsibility efforts by further investing in the Novelis Neighbor program, which gives back to communities through financial contributions and employee volunteer service. The program will continue emphasizing STEM education, raising recycling awareness, and fostering better overall community health and well-being.
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COVID-19 Response
The COVID-19 pandemic continues to cause some travel and business disruption and economic volatility.
With our primary focus being the health and well-being of our employees, we continue to monitor the changing landscape with respect to COVID-19 and take actions to manage our business and support our customers. We have bolstered our own Environmental Health and Safety protocols and aligned them with guidance from global health authorities and government agencies across our operations to help ensure the safety of our employees, customers, suppliers, communities, and other stakeholders. For example, we have implemented social distancing standards and control measures for common work areas, including desks, workstations, meeting rooms, break rooms, cafeterias, clock-in areas, and smoking areas. We have controlled distancing during shift changes by staggering shift change times and creating one-way flows marked on floors. In addition, we have distributed personal protective equipment such as facemasks, face shields, and gloves, as well as cleaning stations, personal hygiene products, and disinfection products to our sites. We are also encouraging all employees to get the vaccine to help further ensure the health of our employees and communities and now require individuals entering certain Novelis facilities and offices to be fully vaccinated. On September 9, 2021, President Biden announced a proposed new rule requiring all employers with at least 100 employees to ensure that their employees are fully vaccinated or require unvaccinated workers to get a negative COVID-19 test result at least once a week. The Department of Labor’s Occupational Safety and Health Administration is currently drafting an emergency regulation to carry out this mandate. We cannot predict with certainty the impact this may have on our operations.
Liquidity Position
We believe that we have adequate liquidity to manage the business with dynamic metal prices. Our cash and cash equivalents and long-term committed available borrowings aggregated to $2.1 billion of liquidity at September 30, 2021.
We maintain a disciplined approach to capital spending, prioritizing maintenance capital for our operations, as well as organic strategic capacity expansions projects. We expect total capital spending to be in the range of $600 million to $700 million for the full fiscal year 2022. This includes approximately $300 million for maintenance spend as well as strategic spending to complete automotive capacity expansions now commissioning in the U.S. and China, the Brazil rolling and casting capacity expansion, and the initial spend associated with our strategic capacity expansion in Zhenjiang, China and Oswego, New York (U.S.).
Market Trends
Demand for lightweight, highly recyclable aluminum beverage packaging, which represents the largest share of our shipment product portfolio, remains strong across all regions.
Demand for aluminum sheet across specialties markets, including electronics, electric vehicle battery enclosures, painted products, container foil, and building and construction markets also remains high.
While we believe long-term demand trends are intact, the current global semiconductor shortage impacting the automotive industry has resulted in temporary automotive customer shutdowns and has reduced near-term demand for automotive aluminum sheet. However, sales to other product markets experiencing strong demand such as beverage can and specialties are helping to mitigate this impact. In aerospace, while we are seeing some improvement in bookings, we expect continued lower consumer air travel to result in soft demand for aerospace sheet in fiscal 2022.
BUSINESS MODEL AND KEY CONCEPTS
Conversion Business Model
A significant amount of our business is conducted under a conversion model, which allows us to pass through increases or decreases in the price of aluminum to our customers. Nearly all of our flat-rolled products have a price structure with three components: (i) a base aluminum price quoted off the LME; (ii) a local market premium; and (iii) a "conversion premium" to produce the rolled product which reflects, among other factors, the competitive market conditions for that product. Base aluminum prices are typically driven by macroeconomic factors and global supply and demand for aluminum. The local market premiums tend to vary based on the supply and demand for metal in a particular region and associated transportation costs.
In North America, Europe, and South America, we pass through local market premiums to our customers, which are recorded through net sales. In Asia, we purchase our metal inputs based on the LME and incur a local market premium. Many of our competitors in this region price their metal off the Shanghai Futures Exchange, which does not include a local market premium. However, in a majority of the new contracts over the last several quarters, we are able to fully pass through the local market premiums in an increasingly favorable demand environment.
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LME Base Aluminum Prices and Local Market Premiums
The average (based on the simple average of the monthly averages) and closing prices for aluminum set on the LME are as follows.
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
Percent Change
Six Months Ended
September 30,
Percent Change
 2021202020212020
London Metal Exchange Prices
Aluminum (per metric tonne, and presented in U.S. dollars):
Closing cash price as of beginning of period$2,523 $1,602 57 %$2,213 $1,489 49 %
Average cash price during the period2,648 1,706 55 2,528 1,600 58 
Closing cash price as of end of period2,851 1,737 64 2,851 1,737 64 
The weighted average local market premium are as follows.
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
Percent Change
Six Months Ended
September 30,
Percent Change
 2021202020212020
Weighted average Local Market Premium (per metric tonne, and presented in U.S. dollars)$510 $175 191 %$454 $149 205 %
Metal Price Lag and Related Hedging Activities    
Increases or decreases in the price of aluminum based on the average LME base aluminum prices and local market premiums directly impact net sales, cost of goods sold (exclusive of depreciation and amortization), and working capital. The timing of these impacts varies based on contractual arrangements with customers and metal suppliers in each region. These timing impacts are referred to as metal price lag. Metal price lag exists due to: (i) the period of time between the pricing of our purchases of metal, holding and processing the metal, and the pricing of the sale of finished inventory to our customers and (ii) certain customer contracts containing fixed forward price commitments, which result in exposure to changes in metal prices for the period of time between when our sales price fixes and the sale actually occurs.
We use LME aluminum forward contracts to preserve our conversion margins and manage the timing differences associated with the LME base metal component of net sales and cost of goods sold (exclusive of depreciation and amortization). These derivatives directly hedge the economic risk of future LME base metal price fluctuations to better match the purchase price of metal with the sales price of metal. The majority of our local market premium hedging occurs in North America depending on market conditions; however, exposure there is not fully hedged. In Europe, Asia, and South America, the derivative market for local market premiums is not robust or efficient enough for us to offset the impacts of LMP price movements beyond a small volume. As a consequence, volatility in local market premiums can have a significant impact on our results of operations and cash flows.
We elect to apply hedge accounting to better match the recognition of gains or losses on certain derivative instruments with the recognition of the underlying exposure being hedged in the statement of operations. For undesignated metal derivatives, there are timing differences between the recognition of unrealized gains or losses on the derivatives and the recognition of the underlying exposure in the statement of operations. The recognition of unrealized gains and losses on undesignated metal derivative positions typically precedes inventory cost recognition, customer delivery, and revenue recognition. The timing difference between the recognition of unrealized gains and losses on undesignated metal derivatives and cost or revenue recognition impacts income from continuing operations before income tax provision and net income (loss). Gains and losses on metal derivative contracts are not recognized in segment income until realized.
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Foreign Currency and Related Hedging Activities
We operate a global business and conduct business in various currencies around the world. We have exposure to foreign currency risk as fluctuations in foreign exchange rates impact our operating results as we translate the operating results from various functional currencies into our U.S. dollar reporting currency at current average rates. We also record foreign exchange remeasurement gains and losses when business transactions are denominated in currencies other than the functional currency of that operation. Global economic uncertainty is contributing to higher levels of volatility among the currency pairs in which we conduct business. The following table presents the exchange rates as of the end of each period and the average of the month-end exchange rates.
 Exchange Rate as of
Average Exchange Rate
Three Months Ended
September 30,
Average Exchange Rate
Six Months Ended
September 30,
September 30,
2021
March 31,
2021
2021202020212020
Euro per U.S. dollar0.863 0.851 0.851 0.845 0.841 0.872 
Brazilian real per U.S. dollar5.439 5.697 5.235 5.438 5.224 5.441 
South Korean won per U.S. dollar1,185 1,134 1,166 1,183 1,142 1,203 
Canadian dollar per U.S. dollar1.267 1.257 1.260 1.326 1.243 1.352 
Swiss franc per euro1.081 1.106 1.079 1.077 1.088 1.070 
    
Exchange rate movements have an impact on our operating results. In Europe, where we have predominantly local currency selling prices and operating costs, we benefit as the euro strengthens but are adversely affected as the euro weakens. For our Swiss operations, where operating costs are incurred primarily in the Swiss franc and a large portion of revenues are denominated in the euro, we benefit as the Swiss franc weakens but are adversely affected as the franc strengthens. In South Korea, where we have local currency operating costs and U.S. dollar denominated selling prices for exports, we benefit as the South Korean won weakens but are adversely affected as the won strengthens. In Brazil, where we have predominately U.S. dollar selling prices and local currency manufacturing costs, we benefit as the Brazilian real weakens but are adversely affected as the real strengthens. We use foreign exchange forward contracts and cross-currency swaps to manage our exposure arising from recorded assets and liabilities, firm commitments, and forecasted cash flows denominated in currencies other than the functional currency of certain operations, which include capital expenditures and net investment in foreign subsidiaries.
See Segment Review below for the impact of foreign currency on each of our segments.
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RESULTS OF CONSOLIDATED OPERATIONS
For the three months ended September 30, 2021, we reported net income attributable to our common shareholder of $237 million, an increase of 741% compared to a net loss of $37 million in the comparable prior year period, and segment income of $553 million, an increase of 22% compared to $455 million in the comparable prior year period. The improvement in operational performance was primarily driven by strong market demand primarily in the beverage can and specialty segments and favorable metal costs, partially offset by a loss on extinguishment of debt, net in the current period of $64 million. The prior year period also included a net loss from discontinued operations of $181 million.
For the six months ended September 30, 2021, we reported net income attributable to our common shareholder of $477 million, an increase of 511% compared to a net loss of $116 million in the comparable prior year period, and segment income of $1.1 billion, an increase of 56% compared to $708 million in the comparable prior year period. The improvement in operational performance was primarily driven by a broad recovery in sales compared to the prior year, which was significantly impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic, favorable metal costs, a $76 million gain on Brazilian tax litigation resulting from a favorable decision received in the first quarter of fiscal 2022, an increase in realized gains on change in fair value of derivative instruments, net, and more favorable non-operating net periodic benefit costs, partially offset by a loss on extinguishment of debt, net in the current period of $62 million. The prior year period net loss also included a loss from discontinued operations of $199 million, a $29 million purchase price accounting adjustment resulting from the relief of an inventory step-up, and $11 million of business acquisition and other related costs, all of which primarily related to the acquired Aleris business, in addition to a $50 million charitable donation to support COVID-19 relief efforts.
Further, these factors drove net cash provided by operating activities to $334 million for the six months ended September 30, 2021, a decrease of $8 million over the comparable prior year period, which was primarily a result of higher segment income and favorable metal price lag being more than offset by higher working capital requirements mainly driven by the sharp increase in aluminum prices.
Key Sales and Shipment Trends
Three Months EndedFiscal Year EndedThree Months Ended
in millions, except percentages and shipments, which are in ktJune 30,
2020
September 30,
2020
December 31,
2020
March 31,
2021
March 31,
2021
June 30,
2021
September 30,
2021
Net sales$2,426 $2,978 $3,241 $3,631 $12,276 $3,855 $4,119 
Percentage (decrease) increase in net sales versus comparable prior year period(17)%%19 %33 %%59 %38 %
Rolled product shipments:
North America272 367 347 362 1,348 358 375 
Europe212 240 253 272 977 279 260 
Asia184 178 184 201 747 192 197 
South America113 148 158 159 578 157 147 
Eliminations(7)(10)(9)(11)(37)(13)(11)
Total774 923 933 983 3,613 973 968 
The following summarizes the percentage (decrease) increase in rolled product shipments versus the comparable prior year period:
North America(6)%28 %29 %36 %21 %32 %%
Europe(9)(2)13 24 32 %
Asia— 11 %
South America(19)39 (1)%
Total(7)%11 %17 %21 %10 %26 %%
Three Months Ended September 30, 2021 Compared to the Three Months Ended September 30, 2020
Net sales was $4.1 billion for the three months ended September 30, 2021, an increase of 38% from the comparable prior year period, primarily driven by higher average aluminum prices and a 5% increase in total flat-rolled product shipments compared to the prior year due to strong market conditions particularly in the beverage can and specialty segments and a moderate recovery in aerospace shipments compared to the prior year.
Income from continuing operations before income tax provision was $318 million for the three months ended September 30, 2021, compared to $212 million in the comparable prior year period. In addition to the factors noted above, the following items affected income from continuing operations before income tax provision.
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Cost of Goods Sold (Exclusive of Depreciation and Amortization)
Cost of goods sold (exclusive of depreciation and amortization) was $3.4 billion for the three months ended September 30, 2021, an increase of 43% from the comparable prior year period, due to higher production volume and higher average aluminum prices. Total metal input costs included in cost of goods sold (exclusive of depreciation and amortization) increased $881 million over the prior period.
Selling, General and Administrative Expenses
SG&A was $142 million for the three months ended September 30, 2021 compared to $129 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020. The increase is primarily due to higher variable and compensation costs in the current year, compared to temporary cost savings measures in the prior year enacted to mitigate the decline in sales due to the COVID-19 pandemic, partially offset by acquisition synergy cost savings.
Depreciation and Amortization
Depreciation and amortization was $134 million for the three months ended September 30, 2021 compared to $141 million for the three months ended September 30, 2020.
Interest Expense and Amortization of Debt Issuance Costs
Interest expense and amortization of debt issuance costs was $60 million and $70 million for the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. This decrease is primarily due to a decrease in average level of debt held during the current period.
Loss on Extinguishment of Debt, Net
We recorded a $64 million loss on extinguishment of debt, net for the three months ended September 30, 2021. This primarily related to the write-off of unamortized debt issuance costs and a $51 million cash payment of a redemption premium for the redemption of our 5.875% Senior Notes, due September 2016.
Restructuring and Impairment, Net
Restructuring and impairment expenses (reversal), net was net zero and an expense of $7 million for the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. See Note 4 – Restructuring and Impairment for further information.
Other (Income) Expenses, Net
Other (income) expenses, net was income of $20 million and an expense of $18 million for the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The change primarily relates to more favorable realized gains on change in fair value of derivatives, net, a decrease in non-operating net periodic benefit cost, and favorable currency gains in the current period, partially offset by an increase in unrealized losses on change in fair value of derivatives, net.
Taxes
We recognized $79 million of income tax provision for the three months ended September 30, 2021, which resulted in an effective tax rate of 25%. This rate was primarily driven by the full year forecasted effective tax rate that takes into account income taxed at rates that differ from the 25% Canadian rate, including withholding taxes, offset by changes to the Brazilian real foreign exchange rate, income not subject to tax, and tax credits. We recognized $68 million of income tax benefit in the comparable prior year period, which resulted in an effective tax rate of 32%.
Segment Review
Due in part to the regional nature of supply and demand of aluminum rolled products and in order to best serve our customers, we manage our activities on the basis of geographical regions and are organized under four operating segments: North America, Europe, Asia, and South America.
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The tables below illustrate selected segment financial information (in millions, except shipments which are in kt). For additional financial information related to our operating segments including the reconciliation of net income (loss) attributable to our common shareholder to segment income, see Note 18 – Segment, Geographical Area, Major Customer and Major Supplier Information. In order to reconcile the financial information for the segments shown in the tables below to the relevant U.S. GAAP-based measures, "Eliminations and other" must adjust for proportional consolidation of each line item for our Logan affiliate because we consolidate 100% of the Logan joint venture for U.S. GAAP purposes. However, we manage our Logan affiliate on a proportionately consolidated basis and eliminate intersegment shipments (in kt).
Selected Operating Results
Three Months Ended September 30, 2021
North AmericaEuropeAsiaSouth AmericaEliminations and otherTotal
Net sales$1,671 $1,089 $728 $595 $36 $4,119 
Shipments (in kt):
Rolled products - third party375 251 196 146 — 968 
Rolled products - intersegment— (11)— 
Total rolled products375 260 197 147 (11)968 
Non-rolled products26 21 (4)50 
Total shipments378 286 201 168 (15)1,018 
 
Selected Operating Results
Three Months Ended September 30, 2020
North AmericaEuropeAsiaSouth AmericaEliminations and otherTotal
Net sales$1,192 $817 $484 $425 $60 $2,978 
Shipments (in kt):
Rolled products - third party367 232 176 148 — 923 
Rolled products - intersegment— — (10)— 
Total rolled products367 240 178 148 (10)923 
Non-rolled products25 22 — 56 
Total shipments375 265 179 170 (10)979 
The following table reconciles changes in segment income for the three months ended September 30, 2020 to the three months ended September 30, 2021.
in millionsNorth AmericaEuropeAsiaSouth America
Eliminations and other(1)
Total
Segment income - Three Months Ended September 30, 2020$205 $63 $74 $112 $$455 
Volume24 16 (2)(2)45 
Conversion premium and product mix20 (7)32 — 52 
Conversion costs(17)(28)17 (18)
Foreign exchange(1)19 25 
Selling, general & administrative and research & development costs(2)
(7)(5)(2)(6)— (20)
Other changes(3)
18 (7)(1)(3)14 
Segment income - Three Months Ended September 30, 2021$227 $78 $92 $154 $$553 
_________________________
(1)The recognition of segment income by a region on an intersegment shipment could occur in a period prior to the recognition of segment income on a consolidated basis, depending on the timing of when the inventory is sold to the third party customer. The "Eliminations and other" column adjusts regional segment income for intersegment shipments that occur in a period prior to recognition of segment income on a consolidated basis. The "Eliminations and other" column also reflects adjustments for changes in regional volume, conversion premium and product mix, and conversion costs related to intersegment shipments for consolidation. "Eliminations and other" must adjust for proportional consolidation of each line item for our Logan affiliate because we consolidate 100% of the Logan joint venture for U.S. GAAP, but we manage our Logan affiliate on a proportionately consolidated basis.
(2)Selling, general & administrative and research & development costs include costs incurred directly by each segment and all corporate related costs.
(3)Other changes in North America primarily relates to a $10 million reduction in non-operating net periodic benefit costs resulting from recent pension plan freezes. See Note 10 – Postretirement Benefit Plans for further information.
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North America
Net sales increased $479 million, or 40%, primarily driven by higher can volumes due to strong market demand and higher average aluminum prices, partially offset by lower automotive shipments as a result of the semiconductor shortage impact on the automotive industry. Segment income was $227 million, an increase of 11%, primarily driven by higher volume, favorable product mix and price, a decrease in non-operating net periodic benefit costs, and favorable metal costs, partially offset by higher operating costs due to inflation and higher SG&A costs compared to prior year temporary cost reduction initiatives.
Europe
Net sales increased $272 million, or 33%, primarily driven by strong can shipments, higher specialty shipments, and higher average aluminum prices, partially offset by lower automotive shipments as a result of the semiconductor shortage impact on the automotive industry. Segment income was $78 million, an increase of 24%, primarily driven by higher volume, favorable metal costs and foreign exchange, partially offset by higher production and SG&A costs compared to prior year temporary cost reduction initiatives and inflation.
Asia
Net sales increased $244 million, or 50%, primarily driven by higher automotive and can shipments and higher average aluminum prices. Segment income was $92 million, an increase of 24%, primarily driven by higher volume, favorable product mix and price, and favorable metal costs, partially offset by higher operating costs compared to prior year due to temporary cost reduction initiatives and inflation.
South America
Net sales increased $170 million, or 40%, primarily driven by higher average aluminum prices. Segment income was $154 million, an increase of 38%, primarily driven by favorable metal costs and foreign exchange, offset by higher operating and SG&A compared to prior year due to temporary cost reduction initiatives and inflation.
Six Months Ended September 30, 2021 Compared to the Six Months Ended September 30, 2020
Net sales were $8.0 billion for the six months ended September 30, 2021, an increase of 48% from the comparable prior year period, primarily driven by higher total shipments compared to the prior year significantly impacted by reduced demand due to the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as higher average aluminum prices.
Income from continuing operations before income tax provision was $729 million for the six months ended September 30, 2021, compared to $122 million in the comparable prior year period. In addition to the factors noted above, the following items affected income from continuing operations before income tax provision.
Cost of Goods Sold (Exclusive of Depreciation and Amortization)
Cost of goods sold (exclusive of depreciation and amortization) was $6.5 billion for the six months ended September 30, 2021, an increase of 46% from the comparable prior year period, driven by higher production volume and higher average aluminum prices. Total metal input costs included in cost of goods sold (exclusive of depreciation and amortization) increased $1.7 billion over the prior period.
Selling, General and Administrative Expenses
SG&A was $301 million for the six months ended September 30, 2021 compared to $251 million for the six months ended September 30, 2020. The increase is primarily due to higher variable and compensation costs in the current year, compared to temporary cost savings measures in the prior year enacted to mitigate the decline in sales due to the COVID-19 pandemic, partially offset by acquisition synergy cost savings.
Depreciation and Amortization
Depreciation and amortization was $268 million for the six months ended September 30, 2021 quarter compared to $259 million for the six months ended September 30, 2020.
Interest Expense and Amortization of Debt Issuance Costs
Interest expense and amortization of debt issuance costs was $119 million and $140 million for the six months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. This decrease is primarily due to a decrease in average level of debt held during the current period.
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Loss on Extinguishment of Debt, Net
We recorded a $62 million in loss on extinguishment of debt, net for the six months ended September 30, 2021. This primarily related to the write-off of unamortized debt issuance costs and a $51 million cash payment of a redemption premium for the redemption of our 5.875% Senior Notes, due September 2016.
Restructuring and Impairment, Net
Restructuring and impairment expenses (reversal), net was a net reversal of expense of $2 million and an expense of $8 million for the six months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. See Note 4 – Restructuring and Impairment for further information.
Other (Income) Expenses, Net
Other (income) expenses, net was income of $84 million and an expense of $93 million for the six months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. This change primarily relates to a gain of $76 million on Brazilian tax litigation related to a favorable decision received in the current year regarding the calculation basis of certain tax overpayments, a $50 million charitable contribution made during the prior year to support COVID-19 relief efforts, a $43 million increase in realized derivatives gains in the current year, and a $26 million decrease in non-operating net periodic benefit cost in the current year, partially offset by an $18 million release of certain receivables in the current year.
Taxes
We recognized $187 million of income tax provision for the six months ended September 30, 2021, which resulted in an effective tax rate of 26%. This rate was primarily driven by the full year forecasted effective tax rate that takes into account income taxed at rates that differ from the 25% Canadian rate, including withholding taxes, offset by tax credits, income not subject to tax and the enacted rate change in the United Kingdom. The corporate tax rate in the United Kingdom is scheduled to increase from 19% to 25%, effective for the fiscal year beginning April 1, 2023. The impact of this change resulted in a tax benefit of approximately $8 million. We recognized $39 million of income tax provision in the prior comparable period which resulted in an effective tax rate of 33%.
Segment Review
Selected Operating Results
Six Months Ended September 30, 2021
North AmericaEuropeAsiaSouth AmericaEliminations and otherTotal
Net sales$3,127 $2,209 $1,400 $1,171 $67 $7,974 
Shipments
Rolled products - third party733 519 386 303 — 1,941 
Rolled products - intersegment— 20 (24)— 
Total rolled products733 539 389 304 (24)1,941 
Non-rolled products58 42 (9)103 
Total shipments739 597 395 346 (33)2,044 
 
Selected Operating Results
Six Months Ended September 30, 2020
North AmericaEuropeAsiaSouth AmericaEliminations and otherTotal
Net sales$2,020 $1,504 $989 $777 $114 $5,404 
Shipments
Rolled products - third party639 440 358 260 — 1,697 
Rolled products - intersegment— 12 (17)— 
Total rolled products639 452 362 261 (17)1,697 
Non-rolled products20 42 47 (7)104 
Total shipments659 494 364 308 (24)1,801 
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The following table reconciles changes in segment income for the six months ended September 30, 2020 to the six months ended September 30, 2021.
in millionsNorth AmericaEuropeAsiaSouth America
Eliminations and other(1)
Total
Segment income - Six Months Ended September 30, 2020$283 $83 $149 $188 $$708 
Volume91 96 23 46 (11)245 
Conversion premium and product mix83 15 40 (1)— 137 
Conversion costs(53)(11)(27)41 11 (39)
Foreign exchange(4)16 23 — 36 
Selling, general & administrative and research & development costs(2)
(31)(10)(6)(12)(57)
Other changes(3)(4)
30 (9)— 62 (5)78 
Segment income - Six Months Ended September 30, 2021$399 $180 $180 $347 $$1,108 
 _________________________
(1)The recognition of segment income by a region on an intersegment shipment could occur in a period prior to the recognition of segment income on a consolidated basis, depending on the timing of when the inventory is sold to the third party customer. The "Eliminations and other" column adjusts regional segment income for intersegment shipments that occur in a period prior to recognition of segment income on a consolidated basis. The "Eliminations and other" column also reflects adjustments for changes in regional volume, conversion premium and product mix, and conversion costs related to intersegment shipments for consolidation. "Eliminations and other" must adjust for proportional consolidation of each line item for our Logan affiliate because we consolidate 100% of the Logan joint venture for U.S. GAAP, but we manage our Logan affiliate on a proportionately consolidated basis.
(2)Selling, general & administrative and research & development costs include costs incurred directly by each segment and all corporate related costs.
(3)Other changes in North America primarily relates to a $19 million reduction in non-operating net periodic benefit costs resulting from recent pension plan freezes. See Note 10 – Postretirement Benefit Plans for further information.
(4)Other changes in South America includes the principal portion, net of litigation expenses, of a non-recurring gain on Brazilian tax litigation of $47 million recognized during fiscal 2022. See Note 17 – Commitments and Contingencies for further information.
North America
Net sales increased $1.1 billion, or 55%, driven by higher specialty, automotive, and can shipments and higher average aluminum prices. Segment income was $399 million, an increase of 41%, primarily driven by higher volume, favorable product mix and price, favorable metal costs, and a decrease in non-operating net periodic benefit costs, partially offset by higher operating costs due to inflation and higher production and SG&A costs compared to prior year temporary cost reduction initiatives.
Europe
Net sales increased $705 million, or 47%, driven by recovery in automotive and specialty shipments compared to the prior year impacted by COVID-19, higher can and aerospace shipments, and higher average aluminum prices. Segment income was $180 million, an increase of 117%, primarily driven by higher volume, favorable metal costs, favorable product mix with the recovery of automotive and higher aerospace shipments, and foreign exchange, partially offset by higher operating costs due to inflation and higher production.
Asia
Net sales increased $411 million, or 42%, driven by higher automotive and can shipments and higher average aluminum prices. Segment income was $180 million, an increase of 21%, primarily due to higher volume, favorable product mix and price, and favorable metal costs, partially offset by higher operating costs due to inflation and higher production and SG&A costs compared to prior year temporary cost reduction initiatives.
South America
Net sales increased $394 million, or 51%, driven by higher can shipments compared to the prior year impacted by COVID-19 related customer shutdowns. Segment income was $347 million, an increase of 85%, primarily due to higher volume, $47 million from the principal amount, net of litigation expenses, of a gain on Brazilian tax litigation settlement in the current year, favorable metal costs, and favorable foreign exchange, partially offset by operating costs due to inflation and higher production and SG&A costs compared to prior year temporary cost reduction initiatives.
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Liquidity and Capital Resources
Our primary liquidity sources are cash flows from operations, working capital management, cash, and liquidity under our debt agreements. Our recent business investments are being funded through cash flows generated by our operations and a combination of local financing and our senior secured credit facilities. We expect to be able to fund our continued expansions, service our debt obligations, and provide sufficient liquidity to operate our business through one or more of the following: the generation of operating cash flows, working capital management, our existing debt facilities (including refinancing), and new debt issuances, as necessary.
Available Liquidity
Our available liquidity as of September 30, 2021 and March 31, 2021 is as follows.
in millionsSeptember 30,
2021
March 31,
2021
Cash and cash equivalents$659 $998 
Availability under committed credit facilities1,490 1,223 
Total available liquidity$2,149 $2,221 
The decrease in total available liquidity primarily relates to a decrease in cash and cash equivalents primarily resulting from financing activities during the period, partially offset by an increase in availability under committed credit facilities caused by the impacts of increased metal prices on our borrowing base. See Note 8 – Debt for more details about our availability under committed credit facilities.
Cash and cash equivalents above includes cash held in foreign countries in which we operate. As of September 30, 2021, we held $8 million of cash and cash equivalents in Canada, in which we are incorporated, with the rest held in other countries in which we operate. As of September 30, 2021, we held $589 million of cash in jurisdictions for which we have asserted that earnings are permanently reinvested and we plan to continue to fund operations and local expansions with cash held in those jurisdictions. Cash held outside of Canada is free from significant restrictions that would prevent the cash from being accessed to meet the Company's liquidity needs including, if necessary, to fund operations and service debt obligations in Canada. Upon the repatriation of any earnings to Canada, in the form of dividends or otherwise, we could be subject to Canadian income taxes (subject to adjustment for foreign taxes paid and the utilization of the large cumulative net operating losses we have in Canada) and withholding taxes payable to the various foreign jurisdictions. As of September 30, 2021, we do not believe adverse tax consequences exist that restrict our use of cash and cash equivalents in a material manner.
Non-Guarantor Information
As of September 30, 2021, the Company’s subsidiaries that are not guarantors represented the following approximate percentages of (a) net sales (including intercompany sales), (b) Adjusted EBITDA (segment income), and (c) total assets of the Company, on a consolidated basis (including intercompany balances).
Item DescriptionRatio
Net sales represented by non-guarantor subsidiaries (for the six months ended September 30, 2021)20 %
Adjusted EBITDA represented by non-guarantor subsidiaries (for the six months ended September 30, 2021)17 %
Assets owned by non-guarantor subsidiaries (as of September 30, 2021)16 %
In addition, for the six months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, the Company’s subsidiaries that are not guarantors had net sales (including intercompany sales) of $1.8 billion and $1.4 billion, respectively, and as of September 30, 2021, those subsidiaries had assets of $3.1 billion and debt and other liabilities of $1.9 billion (including intercompany balances).
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Free Cash Flow
Refer to Non-GAAP Financial Measures for our definition of free cash flow.
The following table displays the free cash flow, the change between periods, as well as the ending balances of cash and cash equivalents.
 Six Months Ended September 30, 
in millions20212020Change
Net cash provided by operating activities - continuing operations$339 $373 $(34)
Net cash used in investing activities - continuing operations(181)(2,826)2,645 
Plus: Cash used in the acquisition of business, net of cash and restricted cash acquired(1)
— 2,614 (2,614)
Plus: Accrued merger consideration(1)
— 10 (10)
Less: Proceeds from sales of assets and business, net of transaction fees, cash income taxes and hedging— (2)
Free cash flow from continuing operations158 169 (11)
Net cash used in operating activities - discontinued operations(5)(31)26 
Net cash provided by investing activities - discontinued operations— 217 (217)
Less: Proceeds from sales of assets and business, net of transaction fees, cash income taxes and hedging - discontinued operations(2)
— (223)223 
Free cash flow$153 $132 $21 
Ending cash and cash equivalents$659 $1,627 $(968)
_________________________
(1)The total of acquisition of business, net of cash and restricted cash acquired and accrued merger consideration, represents $2.8 billion of merger consideration plus $4 million related to the translation adjustment of the €55 million capital improvement investment for Duffel upon payout, net of $105 million of cash and cash equivalents, $41 million of discontinued operations cash and cash equivalents acquired, and $9 million of restricted cash.
(2)Proceeds from the sales of assets and business, net of transaction fees, cash and income taxes and hedging - discontinued operations represents the proceeds from the sale of Duffel, net of cash sold of $23 million.
Cash Flow Summary
Six Months Ended September 30,
in millions20212020Change
Net cash provided by operating activities$334 $342 $(8)
Net cash used in investing activities(181)(2,609)2,428 
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities(513)1,496 (2,009)
Operating Activities
The decrease in net cash provided by operating activities primarily relates to changes in working capital mainly impacted by increasing aluminum prices and local market premiums, mostly offset by higher segment income and favorable metal price lag.
Investing Activities
Net cash used in investing activities was primarily attributable to capital expenditures of $194 million during the six months ended September 30, 2021. The change in investing activities over the prior year primarily relates to costs associated with the acquisition of Aleris during the six months ended September 30, 2020.
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Financing Activities
The following represents proceeds from the issuance of long-term and short-term borrowings during the six months ended September 30, 2021.
Six Months Ended September 30,
in millions2021
3.25% Senior Notes, due November 2026(1)
$750 
3.875% Senior Notes, due August 2031(1)
750
Floating rate Term Loan Facility, due March 202820 
Proceeds from issuance of long-term and short-term borrowings$1,520 
_________________________
(1)The proceeds from the issuance of the 3.25% Senior Notes, due November 2026 and the 3.875% Senior Notes, due August 2031 were used to redeem the $1.5 billion principal amount outstanding on the 5.875% Senior Notes, due September 2026.
The following represents principal payments of long-term and short-term borrowings during the six months ended September 30, 2021.
Six Months Ended September 30,
in millions2021
5.875% Senior Notes, due September 2026(1)
$(1,551)
Floating rate Term Loan Facility, due June 2022(229)
Zhenjiang Term Loans, due May 2024(129)
Finance leases and other repayments(5)
Floating rate Term Loan Facility, due January 2025(4)
Short-term borrowings in Brazil(3)
Floating rate Term Loan Facility, due March 2028(2)
Principal payments of long-term and short-term borrowings$(1,923)
_________________________
(1)This represents the $1.5 billion principal on the 5.875% Senior Notes, due September 2026 that was redeemed during the period through the issuance of the 3.25% Senior Notes, due November 2026 and the 3.875% Senior Notes, due August 2031. An additional $51 million payment was made using cash on hand for the resulting redemption premium.
The following represents inflows (outflows) from revolving credit facilities and other, net during the six months ended September 30, 2021.
Six Months Ended September 30,
in millions2021
China credit facility$22 
ABL Revolver
Korea credit facility(17)
Revolving credit facilities and other, net$14 
In addition to the activities shown in the tables above during the six months ended September 30, 2021, we paid $24 million in debt issuance costs, $22 million of which related to the issuance of new Senior Notes in the period and $2 million related to prior period issuances. We also paid a return of capital to our shareholder in the amount of $100 million.
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During the six months ended September 30, 2020, there were $1.9 billion issuances of long-term and short-term borrowings, including $1.1 billion in issuances on our Short Term Credit Agreement and $775 million in issuances in incremental term loans on our Term Loan Facility. The proceeds of these issuances were used to pay a portion of the consideration payable in the acquisition of Aleris. Additionally, we issued $22 million on our China Bank Loans and $13 million of short-term debt in Brazil. As a result of our issuances, we paid $24 million in debt issuance costs. We made principal repayments of $9 million on our Term Loan Facility, $9 million on our Zhenjiang Term Loans, $5 million on our short-term debt in Brazil, and $4 million on our incremental loans on our Term Loan Facility. The net cash outflows from our revolving credit facilities is related to net outflows of $413 million on our ABL Revolver, net of $29 million of proceeds from our China credit facilities and $26 million of net proceeds from our Korea credit facilities.
OFF-BALANCE SHEET ARRANGEMENTS
In accordance with SEC rules, the following qualify as off-balance sheet arrangements:
any obligation under certain derivative instruments;
any obligation under certain guarantees or contracts;
a retained or contingent interest in assets transferred to an unconsolidated entity or similar entity or similar arrangement that serves as credit, liquidity, or market risk support to that entity for such assets; and
any obligation under a material variable interest held by the registrant in an unconsolidated entity that provides financing, liquidity, market risk, or credit risk support to the registrant, or engages in leasing, hedging, or research and development services with the registrant.
The following discussion addresses the applicable off-balance sheet items for our Company.
Derivative Instruments
See Note 12 – Financial Instruments and Commodity Contracts to our accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for a description of derivative instruments.
Guarantees of Indebtedness
We have issued guarantees on behalf of certain of our subsidiaries. The indebtedness guaranteed is for trade accounts payable to third parties and capital expenditures. Some of the guarantees have annual terms while others have no expiration and have termination notice requirements. Neither we nor any of our subsidiaries holds any assets of any third parties as collateral to offset the potential settlement of these guarantees. Since we consolidate wholly-owned and majority-owned subsidiaries in our condensed consolidated financial statements, all liabilities associated with trade payables and short-term debt facilities for these entities are already included in our condensed consolidated balance sheets.
Other Arrangements
Factoring of Trade Receivables
We factor trade receivables based on local cash needs, as well as in an attempt to balance the timing of cash flows of trade payables and receivables, fund strategic investments, and fund other business needs. Factored invoices are not included in our condensed consolidated balance sheets when we do not retain a financial or legal interest. If a financial or legal interest is retained, we classify these factorings as secured borrowings. However, no such financial or legal interests are currently retained.
Other
As part of our ongoing business, we do not participate in transactions that generate relationships with unconsolidated entities or financial partnerships, such as entities often referred to as SPEs, which would have been established for the purpose of facilitating off-balance sheet arrangements or other contractually narrow or limited purposes. As of September 30, 2021 and March 31, 2021, we are not involved in any unconsolidated SPE transactions.
CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS
We have future obligations under various contracts relating to debt and interest payments, finance and operating leases, long-term purchase obligations, postretirement benefit plans, and uncertain tax positions. See Note 8 – Debt to our accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements and "Contractual Obligations" within Part II. Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations in our 2021 Form 10-K for more details.
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CAPITAL ALLOCATION FRAMEWORK
In May 2021, Novelis announced a capital allocation framework which laid out the general guidelines for use of post-maintenance capital expenditure free cash flow for the next five years. The priority is organic growth capital expenditures in the order of magnitude of approximately $1.5 billion, $2.6 billion in debt reduction from its recent peak in the first quarter of fiscal 2021 post Aleris acquisition, targeting a medium-term net leverage ratio of approximately 2.5x, and guiding approximately 8% to 10% of post-maintenance capital expenditure free cash flow to be returned to Hindalco. Payments to our shareholder are at the discretion of the board of directors. Any such payments depend on, among other things, our financial resources, cash flows generated by our business, our cash requirements, restrictions under the instruments governing our indebtedness, being in compliance with the appropriate indentures and covenants under the instruments that govern our indebtedness, and other relevant factors.
During the second quarter of fiscal 2022, we paid a return of capital to our common shareholder in the amount of $100 million.
CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND ESTIMATES
There were no significant changes to our critical accounting policies and estimates as reported in our 2021 Form 10-K. See Note 1 – Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies for our principal areas of uses of estimates and assumptions.
RECENTLY ISSUED ACCOUNTING STANDARDS
See Note 1 – Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies to our accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements for a full description of recent accounting pronouncements, if applicable, including the respective expected dates of adoption and expected effects on results of operations and financial condition.
NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES
Total segment income presents the sum of the results of our four operating segments on a consolidated basis. We believe that total segment income is an operating performance measure that measures operating results unaffected by differences in capital structures, capital investment cycles, and ages of related assets among otherwise comparable companies. In reviewing our corporate operating results, we also believe it is important to review the aggregate consolidated performance of all of our segments on the same basis we review the performance of each of our regions and draw comparisons between periods based on the same measure of consolidated performance.
Management believes investors’ understanding of our performance is enhanced by including this non-GAAP financial measure as a reasonable basis for comparing our ongoing results of operations. Many investors are interested in understanding the performance of our business by comparing our results from ongoing operations from one period to the next and would ordinarily add back items that are not part of normal day-to-day operations of our business. By providing total segment income, together with reconciliations, we believe we are enhancing investors’ understanding of our business and our results of operations, as well as assisting investors in evaluating how well we are executing strategic initiatives.
However, total segment income is not a measurement of financial performance under U.S. GAAP, and our total segment income may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies. Total segment income has important limitations as an analytical tool and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for analysis of our results as reported under U.S. GAAP. For example, total segment income:
does not reflect the Company’s cash expenditures or requirements for capital expenditures or capital commitments;
does not reflect changes in, or cash requirements for, the Company’s working capital needs; and
does not reflect any costs related to the current or future replacement of assets being depreciated or amortized.
We also use total segment income:
as a measure of operating performance to assist us in comparing our operating performance on a consistent basis because it removes the impact of items not directly resulting from our core operations;
for planning purposes, including the preparation of our internal annual operating budgets and financial projections;
to evaluate the performance and effectiveness of our operational strategies; and
as a basis to calculate incentive compensation payments for our key employees.
Total segment income is equivalent to our Adjusted EBITDA, which we refer to in our earnings announcements and other external presentations to analysts and investors. Please see Note 18 – Segment, Geographical Area, Major Customer and Major Supplier Information for our definition of segment income.
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Free cash flow consists of: (a) net cash provided by (used in) operating activities - continuing operations, (b) plus net cash provided by (used in) investing activities - continuing operations, (c) plus net cash provided by (used in) operating activities - discontinued operations, (d) plus net cash provided by (used in) investing activities - discontinued operations, (e) plus cash used in the acquisition of assets under a finance lease, (f) plus cash used in the acquisition of business, net of cash and restricted cash acquired, (g) plus accrued merger consideration, (h) less proceeds from sales of assets and business, net of transaction fees, cash income taxes and hedging, and (i) less proceeds from sales of assets and business, net of transaction fees, cash income taxes and hedging - discontinued operations. Management believes free cash flow is relevant to investors as it provides a measure of the cash generated internally that is available for debt service and other value creation opportunities. However, free cash flow does not necessarily represent cash available for discretionary activities, as certain debt service obligations must be funded out of free cash flow. Our method of calculating free cash flow may not be consistent with that of other companies.
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SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS AND MARKET DATA
Statements made in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q which describe Novelis' intentions, expectations, beliefs or predictions may be forward-looking within the meaning of securities laws. Forward-looking statements include statements preceded by, followed by, or including the words "believes," "expects," "anticipates," "plans," "estimates," "projects," "forecasts," or similar expressions. Examples of forward-looking statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q include, but are not limited to, our belief that, as a result of the Aleris acquisition, we can more efficiently serve the automotive market and unlock synergies; statements about our expectation that we will be able to fund our continued expansions and capital spending, service our debt obligations and provide sufficient liquidity to operate our business, expectations on demand for our products in various markets and our ability to support this demand, and the expected continuing impacts of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. Novelis cautions that, by their nature, forward-looking statements involve risk and uncertainty and Novelis' actual results could differ materially from those expressed or implied in such statements. We do not intend, and we disclaim any obligation, to update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. Factors that could cause actual results or outcomes to differ from the results expressed or implied by forward-looking statements include, among other things: changes in the prices and availability of aluminum (or premiums associated with such prices) or other materials and raw materials we use; the capacity and effectiveness of our hedging activities; relationships with, and financial and operating conditions of, our customers, suppliers and other stakeholders; fluctuations in the supply of, and prices for, energy in the areas in which we maintain production facilities; our ability to access financing including in connection with potential acquisitions and investments; risks arising out of our acquisition of Aleris Corporation, including uncertainties inherent in the acquisition method of accounting; disruption to our global aluminum production and supply chain as a result of COVID-19; changes in the relative values of various currencies and the effectiveness of our currency hedging activities; factors affecting our operations, such as litigation including pending and future litigation settlements, environmental remediation and clean-up costs, breakdown of equipment and other events; ability to manage existing facilities and workforce to operate the business; economic, regulatory and political factors within the countries in which we operate or sell our products, including changes in duties or tariffs; competition from other aluminum rolled products producers as well as from substitute materials such as steel, glass, plastic and composite materials; changes in general economic conditions including deterioration in the global economy; the risks of pandemics or other public health emergencies, including the continued spread and impact of, and the governmental and third party response to, the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak; changes in government regulations, particularly those affecting taxes, tax policies and effective tax rates, derivative instruments, environmental, health or safety compliance; changes in interest rates that have the effect of increasing the amounts we pay under our credit facilities and other financing agreements; and our ability to generate cash. The above list of factors is not exhaustive.
This document also contains information concerning our markets and products generally, which is forward-looking in nature and is based on a variety of assumptions regarding the ways in which these markets and product categories will develop. These assumptions have been derived from information currently available to us and to the third party industry analysts quoted herein. This information includes, but is not limited to, product shipments and share of production. Actual market results may differ from those predicted. We do not know what impact any of these differences may have on our business, our results of operations, financial condition, and cash flow. For a discussion of some of the specific factors that may cause Novelis' actual results or outcomes to differ materially from those projected in any forward-looking statements, refer to our 2021 Form 10-K and see the following sections of the report: Part I. Item 1A. Risk Factors and Part II. Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

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Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
We are exposed to certain market risks as part of our ongoing business operations, including risks from changes in metal prices (primarily aluminum, copper, zinc, and local market premiums), energy prices (electricity, natural gas, and diesel fuel), foreign currency exchange rates, and interest rates that could impact our results of operations and financial condition. We manage our exposure to these and other market risks through regular operating and financing activities and derivative financial instruments. We use derivative financial instruments as risk management tools only and not for speculative purposes.
Commodity Price Risks
Metal
The following table presents the estimated potential negative effect on the fair values of these derivative instruments as of September 30, 2021, given a 10% change in prices. Direction of the change in price corresponds with the direction that would cause a negative impact on the fair value of these derivative instruments.
in millionsChange in PriceChange in Fair Value
Aluminum10 %$(272)
Copper(10)(1)
Zinc(10)— 
Local market premiums10 (1)
Energy
The following table presents the estimated potential negative effect on the fair values of these derivative instruments as of September 30, 2021, given a 10% decline in prices for energy contracts.
in millionsChange in PriceChange in Fair Value
Electricity(10)%$— 
Natural gas(10)(6)
Diesel fuel(10)(2)
Foreign Currency Exchange Risks
The following table presents the estimated potential negative effect on the fair values of these derivative instruments as of September 30, 2021, given a 10% change in rates. Direction of the change in exchange rate corresponds with the direction that would cause the change in exchange rate to negatively impact the fair value of these derivative instruments.
$ in millionsChange in Exchange RateChange in Fair Value
Currency measured against the U.S. dollar
Brazilian real(10)%$(30)
Euro(10)(39)
Korean won(10)(71)
Canadian dollar(10)(4)
British pound(10)(19)
Swiss franc(10)(37)
Chinese yuan10 (1)


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Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
We maintain disclosure controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures, as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act, include controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the reports we file or submit under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to our management, including the Principal Executive Officer and the Principal Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. Any system of controls, however well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable, and not absolute, assurance that the objectives of the system are met.
We have carried out an evaluation, with the participation of our Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures pursuant to Rule 13a-15 of the Exchange Act. Based upon such evaluation, management has concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of September 30, 2021.
Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting
We completed the acquisition of Aleris on April 14, 2020, and the financial results of Aleris have been included in our condensed consolidated financial statements for the quarter ended September 30, 2021. During the time since the acquisition, we have assessed the control environment of Aleris and made certain changes to Aleris' internal control over financial reporting to integrate Aleris into Novelis' internal control over financial reporting. We now consider Aleris to be included in the scope of our assessment of internal control over financial reporting.
There have been no other changes in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) under the Exchange Act) during the most recently completed fiscal quarter that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
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PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
We are a party to litigation incidental to our business from time to time. For additional information regarding litigation to which we are a party, see Note 17 – Commitments and Contingencies to our accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements.
Item 1A. Risk Factors
See "Risk Factors" in Part I, Item 1A in our 2021 Form 10-K. There have been no material changes from the risk factors described in our 2021 Form 10-K.
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Item 6. Exhibits
Exhibit
No.
Description
2.1
3.1
3.2
3.3
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
10.1
31.1
31.2
32.1
32.2
101.INSXBRL Instance Document
101.SCHInline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CALInline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase
101.DEFInline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase
101.LABInline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase
101.PREInline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase
104Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101)
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SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
NOVELIS INC.
By:/s/ Devinder Ahuja
Devinder Ahuja
Chief Financial Officer
(Principal Financial Officer and Authorized Officer)
By:/s/ Stephanie Rauls
Stephanie Rauls
Senior Vice President, Deputy Chief Financial Officer and Chief Accounting Officer
(Principal Accounting Officer)
Date: November 3, 2021

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