FB Meta Platforms

Filed: 27 Jan 21, 4:08pm

Facebook Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2020 Results

MENLO PARK, Calif. – January 27, 2021 – Facebook, Inc. (Nasdaq: FB) today reported financial results for the quarter and full year ended December 31, 2020.

"We had a strong end to the year as people and businesses continued to use our services during these challenging times," said Mark Zuckerberg, Facebook founder and CEO. "I'm excited about our product roadmap for 2021 as we build new and meaningful ways to create economic opportunity, build community and help people just have fun."

Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2020 Financial Highlights
Three Months Ended December 31,Year-over-Year % ChangeYear Ended December 31,Year-over-Year % Change
In millions, except percentages and per share amounts2020201920202019
Advertising$27,187 $20,736 31%$84,169 $69,655 21%
Other885 346 156%1,796 1,042 72%
Total revenue28,072 21,082 33%85,965 70,697 22%
Total costs and expenses15,297 12,224 25%53,294 46,711 14%
Income from operations$12,775 $8,858 44%$32,671 $23,986 36%
Operating margin46 %42 %38 %34 %
Provision for income taxes$1,836 $1,820 1%$4,034 $6,327 (36)%
Effective tax rate14 %20 %12 %25 %
Net income$11,219 $7,349 53%$29,146 $18,485 58%
Diluted earnings per share (EPS)$3.88 $2.56 52%$10.09 $6.43 57%

Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2020 Operational and Other Financial Highlights

Facebook daily active users (DAUs) – DAUs were 1.84 billion on average for December 2020, an increase of 11% year-over-year.
Facebook monthly active users (MAUs) – MAUs were 2.80 billion as of December 31, 2020, an increase of 12% year-over-year.
Family daily active people (DAP) – DAP was 2.60 billion on average for December 2020, an increase of 15% year-over-year.
Family monthly active people (MAP) – MAP was 3.30 billion as of December 31, 2020, an increase of 14% year-over-year.
Capital expenditures – Capital expenditures, including principal payments on finance leases, were $4.82 billion and $15.72 billion for the fourth quarter and full year of 2020, respectively.
Cash and cash equivalents and marketable securities – Cash and cash equivalents and marketable securities were $61.95 billion as of December 31, 2020.
Headcount – Headcount was 58,604 as of December 31, 2020, an increase of 30% year-over-year.

In January 2021, the Board of Directors authorized incremental share repurchases of up to an additional $25 billion of our shares of Class A common stock. This authorization is in addition to the previously authorized repurchases of up to $34 billion of our shares of Class A common stock. As of the end of 2020, $8.6 billion remained on the previous share repurchase authorization.

CFO Outlook Commentary

We continue to face significant uncertainty as we manage through a number of cross currents in 2021.

We believe our business has benefited from two broad economic trends playing out during the pandemic. The first is the ongoing shift towards online commerce. The second is the shift in consumer demand towards products and away from services. We believe these shifts provided a tailwind to our advertising business in the second half of 2020 given our strength in product verticals sold via online commerce and our lower exposure to service verticals like travel. Looking forward, a moderation or reversal in one or both of these trends could serve as a headwind to our advertising revenue growth.

At the same time, in the first half of 2021, we will be lapping a period of growth that was negatively impacted by reduced advertising demand during the early stages of the pandemic. As a result, we expect year-over-year growth rates in total revenue to remain stable or modestly accelerate sequentially in the first and second quarters of 2021. In the second half of the year, we will lap periods of increasingly strong growth, which will significantly pressure year-over-year growth rates.

We also expect to face more significant ad targeting headwinds in 2021. This includes the impact of platform changes, notably iOS 14, as well as the evolving regulatory landscape. While the timing of the iOS 14 changes remains uncertain, we would expect to see an impact beginning late in the first quarter.

There is also continuing uncertainty around the viability of transatlantic data transfers in light of recent European regulatory developments, and like other companies in our industry, we are closely monitoring the potential impact on our European operations as these developments progress.

We expect 2021 total expenses to be in the range of $68-73 billion, unchanged from our prior outlook. This is driven by investments in technical and product talent as well as continued growth in infrastructure costs.

We continue to expect 2021 capital expenditures to be in the range of $21-23 billion, driven by data centers, servers, network infrastructure, and office facilities. Our outlook includes spend that was delayed from 2020 due to the impact of the pandemic on our construction efforts.

We continue to expect our full-year 2021 tax rate to be in the high-teens.

Webcast and Conference Call Information
Facebook will host a conference call to discuss the results at 2 p.m. PT / 5 p.m. ET today. The live webcast of Facebook's earnings conference call can be accessed at, along with the earnings press release, financial tables, and slide presentation. Facebook uses the and websites as well as Mark Zuckerberg's Facebook Page ( as means of disclosing material non-public information and for complying with its disclosure obligations under Regulation FD.

Following the call, a replay will be available at the same website. A telephonic replay will be available for one week following the conference call at +1 (404) 537-3406 or +1 (855) 859-2056, conference ID 3993495.

Transcripts of conference calls with publishing equity research analysts held today will also be posted to the website.

About Facebook

Founded in 2004, Facebook's mission is to give people the power to build community and bring the world closer together. People use Facebook's apps and technologies to connect with friends and family, find communities and grow businesses.


Deborah Crawford /

Ryan Moore /

Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains forward-looking statements regarding our future business expectations. These forward-looking statements are only predictions and may differ materially from actual results due to a variety of factors including: the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business and financial results; our ability to retain or increase users and engagement levels; our reliance on advertising revenue; our dependency on data signals and mobile operating systems, networks, and standards that we do not control; risks associated with new products and changes to existing products as well as other new business initiatives; our emphasis on community growth and engagement and the user experience over short-term financial results; maintaining and enhancing our brand and reputation; our ongoing privacy, safety, security, and content review efforts; competition; risks associated with government actions that could restrict access to our products or impair our ability to sell advertising in certain countries; litigation and government inquiries; privacy and regulatory concerns; risks associated with acquisitions; security breaches; and our ability to manage growth and geographically-dispersed operations. These and other potential risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ from the results predicted are more fully detailed under the caption "Risk Factors" in our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on October 30, 2020, which is available on our Investor Relations website at and on the SEC website at Additional information will also be set forth in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020. In addition, please note that the date of this press release is January 27, 2021, and any forward-looking statements contained herein are based on assumptions that we believe to be reasonable as of this date. We undertake no obligation to update these statements as a result of new information or future events.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

To supplement our condensed consolidated financial statements, which are prepared and presented in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (GAAP), we use the following non-GAAP financial measures: revenue excluding foreign exchange effect, advertising revenue excluding foreign exchange effect and free cash flow. The presentation of these financial measures is not intended to be considered in isolation or as a substitute for, or superior to, financial information prepared and presented in accordance with GAAP. Investors are cautioned that there are material limitations associated with the use of non-GAAP financial measures as an analytical tool. In addition, these measures may be different from non-GAAP financial measures used by other companies, limiting their usefulness for comparison purposes. We compensate for these limitations by providing specific information regarding the GAAP amounts excluded from these non-GAAP financial measures.

We believe these non-GAAP financial measures provide investors with useful supplemental information about the financial performance of our business, enable comparison of financial results between periods where certain items may vary independent of business performance, and allow for greater transparency with respect to key metrics used by management in operating our business.

We exclude the following items from our non-GAAP financial measures:

Foreign exchange effect on revenue. We translated revenue for the three months and full year ended December 31, 2020 using the prior year's monthly exchange rates for our settlement or billing currencies other than the U.S. dollar, which we believe is a useful metric that facilitates comparison to our historical performance.

Purchases of property and equipment; Principal payments on finance leases. We subtract both purchases of property and equipment and principal payments on finance leases in our calculation of free cash flow because we believe that these two items collectively represent the amount of property and equipment we need to procure to support our business, regardless of whether we procure such property or equipment with a finance lease. We believe that this methodology can provide useful supplemental information to help investors better understand underlying trends in our business. Free cash flow is not intended to represent our residual cash flow available for discretionary expenditures.

For more information on our non-GAAP financial measures and a reconciliation of GAAP to non-GAAP measures, please see the "Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Results" table in this press release.

(In millions, except for per share amounts)
Three Months Ended December 31,Twelve Months Ended December 31,
Revenue$28,072 $21,082 $85,965 $70,697 
Costs and expenses:  
Cost of revenue5,210 3,492 16,692 12,770 
Research and development5,208 3,877 18,447 13,600 
Marketing and sales3,280 3,026 11,591 9,876 
General and administrative1,599 1,829 6,564 10,465 
Total costs and expenses15,297 12,224 53,294 46,711 
Income from operations12,775 8,858 32,671 23,986 
Interest and other income, net280 311 509 826 
Income before provision for income taxes13,055 9,169 33,180 24,812 
Provision for income taxes1,836 1,820 4,034 6,327 
Net income$11,219 $7,349 $29,146 $18,485 
Earnings per share attributable to Class A and Class B common stockholders:
Basic$3.94 $2.58 $10.22 $6.48 
Diluted$3.88 $2.56 $10.09 $6.43 
Weighted-average shares used to compute earnings per share attributable to Class A and Class B common stockholders:
Basic2,850 2,853 2,851 2,854 
Diluted2,890 2,871 2,888 2,876 
Share-based compensation expense included in costs and expenses:
Cost of revenue$120 $90 $447 $377 
Research and development1,361 931 4,918 3,488 
Marketing and sales175 147 691 569 
General and administrative128 105 480 402 
Total share-based compensation expense$1,784 $1,273 $6,536 $4,836 


(In millions)
December 31, 2020December 31, 2019
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$17,576 $19,079 
Marketable securities44,378 35,776 
Accounts receivable, net of allowances of $114 and $92 as of December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively11,335 9,518 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets2,381 1,852 
Total current assets75,670 66,225 
Equity investments6,234 86 
Property and equipment, net45,633 35,323 
Operating lease right-of-use assets, net9,348 9,460 
Intangible assets, net623 894 
Goodwill19,050 18,715 
Other assets2,758 2,673 
Total assets$159,316 $133,376 
Liabilities and stockholders' equity
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable$1,331 $1,363 
Partners payable1,093 886 
Operating lease liabilities, current1,023 800 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities11,152 11,735 
Deferred revenue and deposits382 269 
Total current liabilities14,981 15,053 
Operating lease liabilities, non-current9,631 9,524 
Other liabilities6,414 7,745 
Total liabilities31,026 32,322 
Commitments and contingencies
Stockholders' equity:
Common stock and additional paid-in capital50,018 45,851 
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)927 (489)
Retained earnings77,345 55,692 
Total stockholders' equity128,290 101,054 
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity$159,316 $133,376 


(In millions)
Three Months Ended December 31,Twelve Months Ended December 31,
Cash flows from operating activities
Net income$11,219 $7,349 $29,146 $18,485 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
   Depreciation and amortization1,863 1,468 6,862 5,741 
   Share-based compensation1,784 1,273 6,536 4,836 
   Deferred income taxes(377)(395)(1,192)(37)
   Other62 (6)118 39 
Changes in assets and liabilities:
   Accounts receivable(3,059)(1,697)(1,512)(1,961)
   Prepaid expenses and other current assets225 577 135 47 
   Other assets(25)(26)(34)41 
   Accounts payable(56)112 (17)113 
   Partners payable278 289 178 348 
   Accrued expenses and other current liabilities2,218 861 (1,054)7,300 
   Deferred revenue and deposits(3)41 108 123 
   Other liabilities(89)(763)(527)1,239 
Net cash provided by operating activities14,040 9,083 38,747 36,314 
Cash flows from investing activities
Purchases of property and equipment(4,613)(4,100)(15,115)(15,102)
Purchases of marketable securities(5,737)(4,758)(33,930)(23,910)
Sales of marketable securities2,008 2,163 11,787 9,565 
Maturities of marketable securities3,260 3,104 13,984 10,152 
Purchases of equity investments(59)— (6,361)(61)
Acquisitions of businesses, net of cash acquired, and purchases of intangible assets(5)(445)(388)(508)
Other investing activities(27)— (36)— 
Net cash used in investing activities(5,173)(4,036)(30,059)(19,864)
Cash flows from financing activities
Taxes paid related to net share settlement of equity awards(1,121)(627)(3,564)(2,337)
Repurchases of Class A common stock(1,928)(1,296)(6,272)(4,202)
Principal payments on finance leases(205)(141)(604)(552)
Net change in overdraft in cash pooling entities48 37 24 (223)
Other financing activities— 124 15 
Net cash used in financing activities(3,206)(2,025)(10,292)(7,299)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash314 177 279 
Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash5,975 3,199 (1,325)9,155 
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at beginning of the period11,979 16,080 19,279 10,124 
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at end of the period$17,954 $19,279 $17,954 $19,279 
Reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash to the condensed consolidated balance sheets
Cash and cash equivalents$17,576 $19,079 $17,576 $19,079 
Restricted cash, included in prepaid expenses and other current assets241 241 
Restricted cash, included in other assets137 192 137 192 
Total cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash$17,954 $19,279 $17,954 $19,279 


(In millions)
Three Months Ended December 31,Twelve Months Ended December 31,
Supplemental cash flow data
Cash paid for income taxes$1,107 $2,654 $4,229 $5,182 
Non-cash investing activities:
Acquisition of businesses in accrued expenses and other current liabilities and other liabilities$118 $— $118 $— 
Property and equipment in accounts payable and accrued expenses and other current liabilities$2,201 $1,887 $2,201 $1,887 


Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Results
(In millions, except percentages)
Three Months Ended December 31,Twelve Months Ended December 31,
GAAP revenue$28,072 $21,082 $85,965 $70,697 
Foreign exchange effect on 2020 revenue using 2019 rates(339)120 
Revenue excluding foreign exchange effect$27,733 $86,085 
GAAP revenue year-over-year change %33 %22 %
Revenue excluding foreign exchange effect year-over-year change %32 %22 %
GAAP advertising revenue$27,187 $20,736 $84,169 $69,655 
Foreign exchange effect on 2020 advertising revenue using 2019 rates(332)129 
Advertising revenue excluding foreign exchange effect$26,855 $84,298 
GAAP advertising revenue year-over-year change %31 %21 %
Advertising revenue excluding foreign exchange effect year-over-year change %30 %21 %
Net cash provided by operating activities$14,040 $9,083 $38,747 $36,314 
Purchases of property and equipment(4,613)(4,100)(15,115)(15,102)
Principal payments on finance leases(205)(141)(604)(552)
Free cash flow (1)
$9,222 $4,842 $23,028 $20,660 
(1) Free cash flow in the full year ended December 31, 2020 reflects the $5.0 billion FTC settlement that was paid in April 2020.