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CODA Coda Octopus

Filed: 14 Jun 21, 6:09am

 

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

 

[X] QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended April 30, 2021

 

OR

 

[  ] TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from ______________ to ______________

 

Commission File Number 001-38154

 

CODA OCTOPUS GROUP, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware 34-200-8348

(State or other jurisdiction of

Incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification Number)

 

3300 S Hiawassee Rd, Suite 104-105,
Orlando, Florida
 32835
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
   
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (863) 937 8985

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class Trading Symbol(s) Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock CODA Nasdaq

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes [X] No [  ]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or a non-accelerated filer. See definition of “accelerated filer” and “large accelerated filer” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act (Check one): [  ]

 

Large accelerated filer [  ] Accelerated filer [  ] Non-accelerated filer [  ] Smaller reporting company [X]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes [  ] No [X]

 

The number of shares outstanding of issuer’s common stock, $0.001 par value as of June 10, 2021 is 10,832,195.

 

 

 

 

 

 

INDEX

 

 Page
PART I - Financial Information3
  
Item 1: Financial Statements3
  
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of April 30, 2021 (Unaudited) and October 31, 20204
  
Consolidated Statements of Income and Comprehensive Income for the Three and Six Months Ended April 30, 2021 and 2020 (Unaudited)6
  
Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity for the Three and Six Months Ended April 30, 2021 and 2020 (Unaudited)7
  
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Six Months Ended April 30, 2021 and 2020 (Unaudited)8
  
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements9
  
Item 2: Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations26
  
Item 3: Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risks37
  
Item 4: Controls and Procedures37
  
PART II - Other Information38
  
Item 1: Legal Proceedings38
  
Item 1A: Risk Factors38
  
Item 2: Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds38
  
Item 3: Default Upon Senior Securities38
  
Item 4: Mine Safety Disclosures38
  
Item 5: Other Information38
  
Item 6: Exhibits38
  
Signatures39

 

2

 

 

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Financial Statements

 

 

 

Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

For the Three Months Ended April 30, 2021 and 2020

 

Contents

 

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of April 30, 2021 (Unaudited) and October 31, 20204
  
Consolidated Statements of Income and Comprehensive Income for the Three and Six Months ended April 30, 2021 (Unaudited) and 2020 (Unaudited)6
  
Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity for the Three and Six Months ended April 30, 2021 (Unaudited) and 2020 (Unaudited)7
  
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Six Months ended April 30, 2021 (Unaudited) and 2020 (Unaudited)8
  
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements9

 

3

 

 

CODA OCTOPUS GROUP, INC.

Consolidated Balance Sheets

April 30, 2021 and October 31, 2020

 

   2021   2020 
   Unaudited     
ASSETS        
CURRENT ASSETS        
         
Cash $16,591,308  $15,134,289 
Accounts Receivable, net  3,100,403   2,014,660 
Inventory  10,568,094   9,142,273 
Unbilled Receivables  1,080,436   861,300 
Prepaid Expenses  359,478   289,204 
Other Current Assets  601,533   244,171 
         
Total Current Assets  32,301,252   27,685,897 
         
FIXED ASSETS        
Property and Equipment, net  6,038,224   6,059,900 
         
OTHER ASSETS        
Goodwill and Other Intangibles, net  3,752,453   3,731,452 
Deferred Tax Asset  629,037   561,902 
         
Total Other Assets  4,381,490   4,293,354 
         
Total Assets $42,720,966  $38,039,151 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements

 

4

 

 

CODA OCTOPUS GROUP, INC.

Consolidated Balance Sheets (Continued)

April 30, 2021 and October 31, 2020

 

   2021   2020 
   Unaudited     
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY        
CURRENT LIABILITIES        
         
Accounts Payable $1,286,004  $1,284,097 
Accrued Expenses and Other Current Liabilities  466,315   584,202 
Notes Payable  321,258   509,769 
Deferred Revenue  1,178,678   1,006,454 
         
Total Current Liabilities  3,252,255   3,384,522 
         
LONG TERM LIABILITIES        
         
Deferred Revenue, less current portion  201,737   195,022 
Notes Payable, less current portion  -   63,339 
         
Total Long Term Liabilities  201,737   258,361 
         
Total Liabilities  3,453,992   3,642,883 
         
STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY        
         
Common Stock, $.001 par value; 150,000,000 shares authorized, 10,817,042 shares issued and outstanding as of April 30, 2021 and 10,751,881 shares issued and outstanding as of October 31, 2020, respectively 
 
 
 
 
10,818
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10,753
 
 
Additional Paid-in Capital  60,441,954   60,132,415 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss  (1,096,953)  (2,321,278)
Accumulated Deficit  (20,088,845)  (23,425,622)
         
Total Stockholders’ Equity  39,266,974   34,396,268 
         
Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity $42,720,966  $38,039,151 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements

 

5

 

 

CODA OCTOPUS GROUP, INC.

Consolidated Statements of Income and Comprehensive Income

(Unaudited)

 

  Three Months Ended April 30,  Six Months Ended April 30, 
  2021  2020  2021  2020 
             
Net Revenues $5,373,076  $3,289,218  $10,423,535  $9,970,197 
Cost of Revenues  1,623,472   1,363,804   3,359,009   3,770,343 
                 
Gross Profit  3,749,604   1,925,414   7,064,526   6,199,854 
                 
OPERATING EXPENSES                
Research & Development  645,281   713,641   1,228,420   1,641,906 
Selling, General & Administrative  1,780,001   1,533,210   3,593,367   3,424,888 
                 
Total Operating Expenses  2,425,282   2,246,851   4,821,787   5,066,794 
                 
INCOME (LOSS) FROM OPERATIONS  1,324,322   (321,437)  2,242,739   1,133,060 
                 
OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE)                
Other Income (Expense)  69,445   (311)  71,499   12,513 
Funding from Paycheck Protection Program  558,901   -   648,872   - 
Interest Expense  (13,641)  (18,456)  (28,155)  (38,070)
                 
Total Other Income (Expense)  614,705   (18,767)  692,216   (25,557)
                 
NET INCOME (LOSS) BEFORE INCOME TAXES  1,939,027   (340,204)  2,934,955   1,107,503 
                 
INCOME TAX BENEFIT (EXPENSE)                
Current Tax Benefit  309,962   34,826   334,687   11,479 
Deferred Tax (Expense) Benefit  (41,056)  40,298   67,135   (37,289)
                 
Total Income Tax Benefit (Expense)  268,906   75,124   401,822   (25,810)
                 
NET INCOME (LOSS) $2,207,933  $(265,080) $3,336,777  $1,081,693 
                 
NET INCOME (LOSS) PER SHARE:                
Basic $0.20  $(0.02) $0.31  $0.10 
Diluted $0.20  $(0.02) $0.30  $0.10 
                 
WEIGHTED AVERAGE SHARES:                
Basic  10,772,315   10,721,881   10,763,652   10,721,881 
Diluted  11,191,315   11,276,881   11,182,652   11,276,881 
                 
NET INCOME (LOSS) $2,207,933  $(265,080) $3,336,777  $1,081,693 
Other Comprehensive Income                
Foreign Currency Translation Adjustment  298,712   (553,985)  1,224,325   (469,234)
                 
COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS) $2,506,645  $(819,065) $4,561,101  $612,459 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements

 

6

 

 

CODA OCTOPUS GROUP, INC.

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity

For the Three and Six Months Ended April 30, 2021 and 2020

(Unaudited)

 

           Accumulated       
        Additional  Other       
  Common Stock  Paid-in  Comprehensive  Accumulated    
  Shares  Amount  Capital  Income (Loss)  Deficit  Total 
                   
Balance, October 31, 2019  10,721,881  $10,723  $59,521,665  $(2,135,408) $(26,769,207) $30,627,773 
                         
Foreign currency translation adjustment  -   -   -   84,751   -   84,751 
Net Income  -   -   -   -   1,346,773   1,346,773 
Balance, January 31, 2020  10,721,881  $10,723  $59,521,665  $(2,050,657) $(25,422,434) $32,059,297 
                         
Stock based compensation  -   -   88,299   -   -   88,299 
Foreign currency translation adjustment  -   -   -   (553,985)  -   (553,985)
Net Loss  -   -   -   -   (265,080)  (265,080)
Balance, April 30, 2020  10,721,881  $10,723  $59,609,964  $(2,604,642) $(25,687,514) $31,328,531 

 

           Accumulated       
        Additional  Other       
  Common Stock  Paid-in  Comprehensive  Accumulated    
  Shares  Amount  Capital  Income (Loss)  Deficit  Total 
                   
Balance, October 31, 2020  10,751,881  $10,753  $60,132,415  $(2,321,278) $(23,425,622) $34,396,268 
                         
Employee stock based compensation  -   -   174,447   -   -   174,447 
Foreign currency translation adjustment  -   -   -   925,613   -   925,613 
Net Income  -   -   -   -   1,128,844   1,128,844 
Balance, January 31, 2021  10,751,881  $10,753  $60,306,862  $(1,395,665) $(22,296,778) $36,625,172 
                         
Employee stock based compensation  -   -  135,157   -   -   135,157 
Stock issued for options exercised  

65,161

   

65

   

(65

)  -   -   - 
Foreign currency translation adjustment  -   -   -   298,712   -   298,712 
Net Income  -   -   -   -   2,207,933   2,207,933 
Balance, April 30, 2021  10,817,042  $10,818  $60,441,954  $(1,096,953) $(20,088,845) $39,266,974 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements

 

7

 

 

CODA OCTOPUS GROUP, INC.

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(Unaudited)

 

  Six Months Ended April 30, 
  2021  2020 
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES        
Net income $3,336,777  $1,081,693 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:        
Depreciation and amortization  599,864   333,420 
Stock based compensation  309,604   88,299 
Deferred income taxes  (67,135)  37,289 
Funding from Paycheck Protection Program recognized as income  (648,872)  - 
(Increase) decrease in operating assets:        
Accounts receivable  (1,085,743)  1,281,854 
Inventory  (1,425,821)  (2,161,444)
Unbilled receivables  (219,136)  257,866 
Prepaid expenses  (115,307)  (219,326)
Other current assets  (312,329)  20,295 
Increase (decrease) in operating liabilities:        
Accounts payable and other current liabilities  (115,980)  (252,770)
Deferred revenue  178,939   1,293,302 
Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities  434,861   1,760,478 
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES        
Purchases of property and equipment  (551,153)  (445,160)
Purchases of other intangible assets  (48,036)  (45,238)
Net Cash Used in Investing Activities  (599,189)  (490,398)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES        
Repayment of notes  (251,850)  (240,411)
Proceeds from Paycheck Protection Program  648,872   526,544 
Net Cash Provided by Financing Activities  397,022   286,133 
EFFECT OF CURRENCY TRANSLATION ON CHANGES IN CASH  1,224,325   (469,234)
         
NET INCREASE IN CASH  1,457,019   1,086,979 
         
CASH AT THE BEGINNING OF THE PERIOD  15,134,289   11,721,683 
         
CASH AT THE END OF THE PERIOD $16,591,308  $12,808,662 
SUPPLEMENTAL CASH FLOW INFORMATION        
Cash paid for interest $28,152  $37,853 
Cash paid for taxes $-  $- 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements

 

8

 

 

CODA OCTOPUS GROUP, INC.

Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

April 30, 2021 and 2020

 

NOTE 1 – BASIS OF PRESENTATION

 

The accompanying unaudited interim consolidated financial statements have been prepared based upon US Securities and Exchange Commission rules that permit reduced disclosure for interim periods. Therefore, they do not include all information and footnote disclosures necessary for a complete presentation of Coda Octopus Group, Inc.’s financial position, results of operations and cash flows, in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles. Coda Octopus Group, Inc. (the “Company”, “Coda Octopus”, “we” or “us”) filed audited consolidated financial statements as of and for the fiscal years ended October 31, 2020 and 2019 which included all information and notes necessary for such complete presentation as part of its annual report on Form 10-K filed on January 28, 2021, (“the Form 10-K”). The results of operations for the interim period ended April 30, 2021 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for any future period or the entire fiscal year. These interim consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended October 31, 2020, which are contained in the Form 10-K. The accompanying unaudited interim consolidated financial statements contain all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring items) which are, in the opinion of management, necessary for a fair statement of the Company’s financial position as of April 30, 2021 and the results of operations, comprehensive income and cash flows for the interim periods ended April 30, 2021 and 2020. The unaudited interim consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation. The Company uses the US dollar as the reporting currency for financial reporting. The financial position and results of operations of the Company’s UK-based operations are measured using the British Pound Sterling, and Danish based operations are measured using Danish Kroner as the functional currencies. Foreign currency translation gains and losses are recorded as a change in other comprehensive income. Transaction gains and losses generated from the remeasurement of assets and liabilities denominated in currencies other than the functional currency of our foreign operations are also included in other comprehensive income.

 

NOTE 2 – REVENUE RECOGNITION

 

The Company recognizes revenue in accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Board’s Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (“Topic 606”).

 

Topic 606 has established a five-step process to determine the amount of revenue to record from contracts with customers. The five steps are:

 

 Determine if we have a contract with a customer;
   
 Determine the performance obligations in that contract;
   
 Determine the transaction price;
   
 Allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations; and
   
 Determine when to recognize revenue.

 

9

 

 

CODA OCTOPUS GROUP, INC.

Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

April 30, 2021 and 2020

 

NOTE 2 – REVENUE RECOGNITION (Continued)

 

We have two distinct business operations (“Marine Technology Business” and “Engineering Business”). The Marine Technology Business revenues are earned under formal contracts with our customers and are derived from both sales and rental of underwater technologies and equipment for real time 3D imaging, mapping, defense and survey applications and from the Engineering Business which provide engineering services primarily to prime defense contractors. Our contracts do not include the possibility for additional contingent consideration so that our determination of the contract price does not involve having to consider potential additional variable consideration. Our sales do not include a right of return by the customer.

 

With regard to our Marine Technology Business, all of its products are sold on a stand-alone basis and those market prices are evidence of the value of the products. To the extent that we also provide services (e.g., installation, training, post-sales technical support etc.), those services are either included as part of the product or are subject to written contracts based on the stand-alone value of those services. Revenue from the sale of services is recognized when those services have been provided to the customer and evidence of the provision of those services exist.

 

Revenue derived from either our subscription package offerings or rental of our equipment is recognized when performance obligations are met, in particular, on a daily basis during the subscription or rental period.

 

For arrangements with multiple performance obligations, we recognize product revenue by allocating the transaction revenue to each performance obligation based on the relative fair value of each deliverable and recognize revenue when performance obligations are met including when equipment is delivered, and for rental of equipment, when installation and other services are performed.

 

Our contracts sometimes require customer payments in advance of revenue recognition. In such instances these are recognized as revenue when the Company has fulfilled its obligations under the respective contracts. Until such time, we recognize these prepayments as deferred revenue.

 

For software license sales for which any services rendered are not considered distinct to the functionality of the software, we recognize revenue upon delivery of the software. Delivery is deemed when we issue the software activation code.

 

With respect to revenues related to our Services Business, there are contracts in place that specify the fixed hourly rate and other reimbursable costs to be billed based on material and direct labor hours incurred. Revenue is recognized on these contracts based on material and the direct labor hours incurred. Revenues from fixed-price contracts are recognized on the percentage-of-completion method, measured by the percentage of costs incurred (materials and direct labor hours) to date to estimated total services (materials and direct labor hours) for each contract. This method is used as we consider expenditures for direct materials and labor hours to be the best available measure of progress on these contracts.

 

On a quarterly basis, we examine all of our fixed-price contracts to determine if there are any losses to be recognized during the period. Any such loss is recorded in the quarter in which the loss first becomes apparent based upon costs incurred to date and the estimated costs to complete as determined by experience from similar contracts. Variations from estimated contract performance could result in adjustments to operating results.

 

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CODA OCTOPUS GROUP, INC.

Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

April 30, 2021 and 2020

 

NOTE 2 – REVENUE RECOGNITION (Continued)

 

Recoverability of Deferred Costs

 

In accordance with Topic 606, we defer costs on projects for service revenue. Deferred costs consist primarily of incremental direct costs to customize and install systems, as defined in individual customer contracts, including costs to acquire hardware and software from third parties and payroll costs for our employees and other third parties. The pricing of these service contracts is intended to provide for the recovery of these types of deferred costs over the life of the contract.

 

We recognize such costs in accordance with our revenue recognition policy by contract. For revenue recognized under the percentage of completion method, costs are recognized as products are delivered or services are provided in accordance with the percentage of completion calculation. For revenue recognized over time, costs are recognized ratably over the term of the contract, commencing on the date of revenue recognition. At each quarterly balance sheet date, we review deferred costs, to ensure they are ultimately recoverable.

 

Any anticipated losses on uncompleted contracts are recognized when evidence indicates the estimated total cost of a contract exceeds its estimated total revenue.

 

Deferred Commissions

 

Our incremental direct costs of obtaining a contract, which consists of sales commissions are deferred and amortized over the period of the contract performance. We classify deferred commissions as current or noncurrent based on the timing of when we expect to recognize the expense. The current and noncurrent portions of deferred commissions are included in prepaid expenses and other current assets, and other assets, net, respectively, in our consolidated balance sheets. As of April 30, 2021 and October 31, 2020, we had deferred commissions of $0 and $3,884, respectively. Amortization expense related to deferred commissions was $3,884 and $80,973 in the six months ended April 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

 

Other Revenue Disclosures

 

See Note 14 – (“Segment Analysis”) for a breakdown of revenues from external customers and cost of those revenues between our two reporting segments: Product Segment and Services Segment including information on the split of revenues by geography and type.

 

NOTE 3 – FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS

 

The Company’s financial instruments include cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable, accrued expenses and notes payable. The carrying amounts of cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued expenses approximate fair values because of the short-term nature of these instruments. The aggregate carrying amount of the notes payable approximates fair value as they bear interest at a market interest rate based on their term and maturity.

 

The fair value of the Company’s long-term debt approximates its carrying amount based on the fact that the Company believes it could obtain similar terms and conditions for similar debt.

 

11

 

 

CODA OCTOPUS GROUP, INC.

Notes to the (Unaudited) Consolidated Financial Statements

April 30, 2021 and 2020

 

NOTE 4 – FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSLATION

 

Assets and liabilities are translated at the prevailing exchange rates at the balance sheet dates. Related revenues and expenses are translated at weighted average exchange rates in effect during the reporting period. Stockholders’ equity, fixed assets and long-term investments are recorded at historical exchange rates. Resulting translation adjustments are recorded as a separate component in stockholders’ equity as part of accumulated other comprehensive income or (loss) as may be appropriate. Foreign currency transaction gains and losses are included in the consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income.

 

NOTE 5 – INVENTORY

 

Inventory is stated at the lower of cost (weighted average method) or net realizable value. Inventory consisted of the following components:

 

  April 30,  October 31, 
  2021  2020 
       
Raw materials and parts $8,266,304  $7,322,688 
Work in progress  922,880   698,756 
Finished goods  1,378,910   1,120,829 
Total Inventory $10,568,094  $9,142,273 

 

NOTE 6 – FIXED ASSETS

 

Property and equipment, net consisted of the following as of:

 

  April 30,  October 31, 
  2021  2020 
       
Buildings $5,336,681  $5,103,324 
Land  200,000   200,000 
Office machinery and equipment  1,595,610   1,512,938 
Rental assets  2,249,550   2,062,818 
Furniture, fixtures and improvements  1,236,319   1,187,927 
Totals  10,618,160   10,067,007 
Less: accumulated depreciation  (4,579,936)  (4,007,107)
         
Total Property and Equipment, net $6,038,224  $6,059,900 

 

12

 

 

CODA OCTOPUS GROUP, INC.

Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

April 30, 2021 and 2020

 

NOTE 7 – OTHER CURRENT ASSETS

 

Other current assets consisted of the following at:

 

  April 30,  October 31, 
  2021  2020 
       
Deposits $157,745  $112,984 
Tax receivables  443,788   131,187 
Total Other Current Assets $601,533  $244,171 

 

NOTE 8 – ESTIMATES

 

The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with US Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“US GAAP”) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues including unbilled and deferred revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Significant estimates include costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings, billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings, valuation of stock compensation, valuation of deferred tax assets, evaluation of uncertain tax positions, and the valuation of goodwill and other intangibles.

 

NOTE 9 – CONTRACTS IN PROGRESS

 

Costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings on uncompleted contracts represent accumulated project expenses and fees which have not been invoiced to customers as of the date of the balance sheet. These amounts are stated on the consolidated balance sheets as Unbilled Receivables of $1,080,436 and $861,300 as of April 30, 2021 and October 31, 2020, respectively.

 

Our current Deferred Revenue of $1,178,678 and $1,006,454 as of April 30, 2021 and October 31, 2020, respectively, consists of billings in excess of costs and revenues received as part of our warranty obligations upon completing a sale, as elaborated further in the last paragraph of this note.

 

Revenue received as part of sales of equipment includes a provision for warranty and is treated as deferred revenue, along with extended warranty sales and through life support (TLS), which may be purchased by customers. These amounts are amortized over the relevant warranty period (12 months is our standard warranty or 24, 36 or 60 months for extended warranty) from the date of sale. These amounts are stated on the consolidated balance sheets as a component of non-current Deferred Revenue and were $201,737 and $195,022 as of April 30, 2021 and October 31, 2020, respectively.

 

13

 

 

CODA OCTOPUS GROUP, INC.

Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

April 30, 2021 and 2020

 

NOTE 10 – CONCENTRATIONS

 

Significant Customers

 

During the three months ended April 30, 2021, the Company had three customers from whom it generated sales greater than 10% of net revenues. Revenues from these customers were $2,178,677, or 41% of net revenues during the three month period. Total accounts receivable from these customers at April 30, 2021 was $1,048,055 or 33% of accounts receivable.

 

During the three months ended April 30, 2020, the Company had two customers from whom it generated sales greater than 10% of net revenues. Revenues from these customers were $1,085,570, or 33% of net revenues during the three month period.

 

During the six months ended April 30, 2021, the Company had one customer from whom it generated sales greater than 10% of net revenues. Revenues from this customer were $1,045,367, or 10% of net revenues during the six month period. Total accounts receivable from this customer at April 30, 2021 was $321,392 or 10% of accounts receivable.

 

During the six months ended April 30, 2020, the Company had two customers from whom it generated sales greater than 10% of net revenues. Revenues from these customers were $3,458,537, or 35% of net revenues during the six month period.

 

NOTE 11 – NOTES PAYABLE

  

  April 30, 2021  October 31, 2020 
       
Secured note payable to HSBC NA with interest payable on the 28th day of each month at 4.56% per annum. Our monthly repayment obligation under this loan is $43,777 (comprising both principal and interest repayment). The maturity of this Loan is December 28, 2021 $321,258  $573,108 
         
Total  321,258   573,108 
Less: current portion  (321,258)  (509,769)
Total Long Term Note Payable $-  $63,339 

 

The HSBC loan is secured by a blanket lien on all of the Company’s US subsidiaries. The foreign subsidiaries are each guarantors of the obligations undertaken in the loan agreement.

 

During the six months ended April 30, 2021, the Company received $648,872 under the Payroll Protection Program, which was initially recorded as long-term debt. The Company has expended all of the loan funds on qualifying expenditures (as defined). The Company has therefore reduced long-term debt and recorded as Other Income, the total amount of the loans. The Company has applied for forgiveness of the loans under the SBA rules.

 

14

 

 

CODA OCTOPUS GROUP, INC.

Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

April 30, 2021 and 2020

 

NOTE 11 – NOTES PAYABLE (Continued)

 

The Company entered into a $4,000,000 revolving line of credit facility with HSBC NA on November 27, 2019, with the interest rate established as the applicable prime rate. The outstanding balance on the line of credit was $0 as of April 30, 2021. This revolving credit line will expire on November 26, 2021 unless renewed by the bank.

 

NOTE 12 – RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS

 

There have been no new accounting pronouncements not yet effective that have significance, or potential significance, to our Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

NOTE 13 – EARNINGS PER COMMON SHARE

 

  Three Months  Three Months  Six Months  Six Months 
  Ended  Ended  Ended  Ended 
  April 30,  April 30,  April 30,  April 30, 
Fiscal Period 2021  2020  2021  2020 
Numerator:                
Net Income (Loss) $2,207,933  $(265,080) $3,336,777  $1,081,693 
                 
Denominator:                
Basic weighted average common shares outstanding  10,772,315   10,721,881   10,763,652   10,721,881 
Options issued  419,000   555,000   419,000   555,000 
Diluted outstanding shares  11,191,315   11,276,881   11,182,652   11,276,881 
                 
Net income (Loss) per share                
                 
Basic $0.20  $(0.02) $0.31  $0.10 
Diluted $0.20  $(0.02) $0.30  $0.10 

 

15

 

 

CODA OCTOPUS GROUP, INC.

Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

April 30, 2021 and 2020

 

NOTE 14 -SEGMENT ANALYSIS

 

Based on the fundamental difference between the types of our offerings, products versus services, we operate two distinct reportable segments which are managed separately. Coda Octopus Products (“Marine Technology Business” or “Products Segment”) operations are comprised primarily of sale of underwater technology sonar solutions, products for underwater operations including hardware and software; and rental of solutions and products to the underwater market along with associated support services. Coda Octopus Martech and Coda Octopus Colmek (“Marine Engineering Business” or “Services Segment”) provides engineering services primarily as sub-contractors to prime defense contractors.

 

Segment operating income is total segment revenue reduced by operating expenses identifiable with the business segment. Corporate includes general corporate administrative costs (“Overhead”).

 

The Company evaluates performance and allocates resources based upon segment operating income. The accounting policies of the reportable segments are the same as those described in the summary of accounting policies.

 

There are inter-segment sales disclosed in the tables below for informational purposes, but which have been eliminated in our financial statements.

 

The following table summarizes segment asset and operating balances by reportable segment as of and for the three and six months ended April 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

 

The Company’s reportable business segments sell their goods and services in four geographic locations:

 

Americas
  
Europe
  
Australia/Asia
  
Middle East/Africa

 

16

 

 

CODA OCTOPUS GROUP, INC.

Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

April 30, 2021 and 2020

 

NOTE 14 -SEGMENT ANALYSIS (Continued)

 

  Marine Technology Business (Products)  Marine Engineering Business (Services)  Overhead  Total 
             
Three Months Ended April 30, 2021                
                 
Revenues from External Customers $4,184,409  $1,188,667  $-  $5,373,076 
                 
Cost of Revenues  1,022,701   600,771   -   1,623,472 
                 
Gross Profit  3,161,708   587,896   -   3,749,604 
                 
Research & Development  538,878   106,403   -   645,281 
Selling, General & Administrative  800,622   552,067   427,312   1,780,001 
                 
Total Operating Expenses  1,339,500   658,470   427,312   2,425,282 
                 
Income (Loss) from Operations  1,822,208   (70,574)  (427,312)  1,324,322 
                 
Other (Expense) Income                
Other Income  68,583   16   846   69,445 
Funding from Paycheck Protection Program  122,327   436,574   -   558,901 
Interest Expense  (3,518)  (4,544)  (5,579)  (13,641)
                 
Total Other Income (Expense)  187,392   432,046   (4,733)  614,705 
                 
Net Income (Loss) before Income Taxes  2,009,600   361,472   (432,045)  1,939,027 
                 
Income Tax (Expense) Benefit                
Current Tax Benefit  72,292   237,670   -   309,962 
Deferred Tax (Expense)  (102,585)  112,550   (51,021)  (41,056)
                 
Total Income Tax (Expense) Benefit  (30,293)  350,220   (51,021)  268,906 
                 
Net Income (Loss) $1,979,307  $711,692  $(483,066) $2,207,933 
                 
Supplemental Disclosures                
                 
Total Assets $27,086,894  $14,667,654  $966,418  $42,720,966 
                 
Total Liabilities $1,839,295  $1,027,958  $586,739  $3,453,992 
                 
Revenues from Intercompany Sales - eliminated from sales above $504,411  $90,443  $675,000  $1,269,854 
                 
Depreciation and Amortization $200,536  $26,436  $6,709  $233,681 
                 
(Sales) Purchases of Long-lived Assets $144,232  $1,371  $44,442  $190,045 

 

17

 

 

CODA OCTOPUS GROUP, INC.

Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

April 30, 2021 and 2020

 

NOTE 14 -SEGMENT ANALYSIS (Continued)

 

  Marine Technology Business (Products)  Marine Engineering Business (Services)  Overhead  Total 
             
Three Months Ended April 30, 2020                
                 
Revenues from External Customers $1,691,199  $1,598,019  $-  $3,289,218 
                 
Cost of Revenues  406,853   956,951   -   1,363,804 
                 
Gross Profit  1,284,346   641,068   -   1,925,414 
                 
Research & Development  442,696   270,945   -   713,641 
Selling, General & Administrative  692,177   527,039   313,994   1,533,210 
                 
Total Operating Expenses  1,134,873   797,984   313,994   2,246,851 
                 
Income (Loss) from Operations  149,473   (156,916)  (313,994)  (321,437)
                 
Other Income (Expense)                
Other (Expense) Income  (327)  16   -   (311)
Interest Expense  (2,395)  (3,959)  (12,102)  (18,456)
                 
Total Other (Expense)  (2,722)  (3,943)  (12,102)  (18,767)
                 
Net Income (Loss) before Income Taxes  146,751   (160,859)  (326,096)  (340,204)
                 
Current Tax (Expense) Benefit  (6,397)  (4,045)  45,268   34,826 
Deferred Tax (Expense) Benefit  (1,354)  142,793   (101,141)  40,298 
                 
Total Income Tax (Expense) Benefit  (7,751)  138,748   (55,873)  75,124 
                 
Net Income (Loss) $139,000  $(22,111) $(381,969) $(265,080)
                 
Supplemental Disclosures                
                 
                 
Total Assets $21,256,131  $14,231,702  $1,050,834  $36,538,667 
                 
Total Liabilities $2,907,719  $1,380,925  $921,492  $5,210,136 
                 
Revenues from Intercompany Sales - eliminated from sales above $277,658  $4,687  $675,000  $957,345 
                 
Depreciation and Amortization $94,599  $2,745  $4,112  $101,456 
                 
(Sales) Purchases of Long-lived Assets $(158,874) $(8,441) $14,554  $(152,761)

 

18

 

 

CODA OCTOPUS GROUP, INC.

Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

April 30, 2021 and 2020

 

NOTE 14 -SEGMENT ANALYSIS (Continued)

 

  Marine Technology Business (Products)  Marine Engineering Business (Services)  Overhead  Total 
             
Six Months Ended April 30, 2021                
                 
Revenues from External Customers $7,932,688  $2,490,847  $-  $10,423,535 
                 
Cost of Revenues  1,916,976   1,442,033   -   3,359,009 
                 
Gross Profit  6,015,712   1,048,814   -   7,064,526 
                 
Research & Development  980,622   247,798   -   1,228,420 
Selling, General & Administrative  1,534,447   1,119,626   939,294   3,593,367 
                 
Total Operating Expenses  2,515,069   1,367,424   939,294   4,821,787 
                 
Income (Loss) from Operations  3,500,643   (318,610)  (939,294)  2,242,739 
                 
Other Income (Expense)                
Other Income  70,619   34   846   71,499 
Funding from Paycheck Protection Program  122,327   526,545   -   648,872 
Interest Expense  (5,771)  (9,695)  (12,689)  (28,155)
                 
Total Other Income (Expense)  187,175   516,884   (11,843)  692,216 
                 
Net Income (Loss) before Income Taxes  3,687,818   198,274   (951,137)  2,934,955 
                 
Income Tax Benefit (Expense)                
Current Tax Benefit  84,945   237,670   12,072   334,687 
Deferred Tax (Expense) Benefit  (113,740)  264,636   (83,761)  67,135 
                 
Total Income Tax Benefit (Expense)  (28,795)  502,306   (71,689)  401,822 
                 
Net Income (Loss) $3,659,023  $700,580  $(1,022,826) $3,336,777 
                 
Supplemental Disclosures                
                 
Total Assets $27,086,894  $14,667,654  $966,418  $42,720,966 
                 
Total Liabilities $1,839,295  $1,027,958  $586,739  $3,453,992 
                 
Revenues from Intercompany Sales - eliminated from sales above $875,040  $139,644  $1,350,000  $2,364,684 
                 
Depreciation and Amortization $512,658  $74,081  $13,125  $599,864 
                 
Purchases of Long-lived Assets $544,207  $5,548  $49,434  $599,189 

 

 

19

 

 

CODA OCTOPUS GROUP, INC.

Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

April 30, 2021 and 2020

 

NOTE 14 -SEGMENT ANALYSIS (Continued)

 

  Marine Technology Business (Products)  Marine Engineering Business (Services)  Overhead  Total 
             
Six Months Ended April 30, 2020                
                 
Revenues from External Customers $5,324,011  $4,646,186  $-  $9,970,197 
                 
Cost of Revenues  1,062,530   2,707,813   -   3,770,343 
                 
Gross Profit  4,261,481   1,938,373   -   6,199,854 
                 
Research & Development  999,425   477,383   165,098   1,641,906 
Selling, General & Administrative  1,560,175   1,163,335   701,378   3,424,888 
                 
Total Operating Expenses  2,559,600   1,640,718   866,476   5,066,794 
                 
Income (Loss) from Operations  1,701,881   297,655   (866,476)  1,133,060 
                 
Other Income (Expense)                
Other Income  12,497   16   -   12,513 
Interest (Expense)  (5,627)  (7,641)  (24,802)  (38,070)
                 
Total Other Income (Expense)  6,870   (7,625)  (24,802)  (25,557)
                 
Net Income (Loss) before Income Taxes  1,708,751   290,030   (891,278)  1,107,503 
                 
Current Tax Benefit (Expense)  19,436   -   (7,957)  11,479 
Deferred Tax Benefit (Expense)  (79,493)  130,558   (88,354)  (37,289)
                 
Total Income Tax Benefit (Expense)  (60,057)  130,558   (96,311)  (25,810)
                 
Net Income (Loss) $1,648,694  $420,588  $(987,589) $1,081,693 
                 
Supplemental Disclosures                
                 
Total Assets $21,256,131  $14,231,702  $1,050,834  $36,538,667 
                 
Total Liabilities $2,907,719  $1,380,925  $921,492  $5,210,136 
                 
Revenues from Intercompany Sales - eliminated from sales above $580,480  $105,216  $1,350,000  $2,035,696 
                 
Depreciation and Amortization $277,592  $46,425  $9,403  $333,420 
                 
Purchases of Long-lived Assets $440,727  $1,152  $48,519  $490,398 

 

20

 

 

CODA OCTOPUS GROUP, INC.

Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

April 30, 2021 and 2020

 

NOTE 14 -SEGMENT ANALYSIS (Continued)

 

  For the Three Months Ended April 30, 2021 
  Marine  Marine    
  Technology  Engineering  Grand 
  Business  Business  Total 
Disaggregation of Total Net Sales            
             
Primary Geographical Markets            
Americas $914,529  $597,463  $1,511,992 
Europe  1,665,643   591,204   2,256,847 
Australia/Asia  1,487,023   -   1,487,023 
Middle East/Africa  117,214   -   117,214 
             
Total Revenues $4,184,409  $1,188,667  $5,373,076 
             
Major Goods/Service Lines            
Equipment Sales $3,090,462  $93,505  $3,183,967 
Equipment Rentals  598,190   -   598,190 
Software Sales  221,053   -   221,053 
Engineering Parts  -   778,369   778,369 
Services  274,704   316,792   591,496 
             
Total Revenues $4,184,409  $1,188,667  $5,373,076 
             
Goods transferred at a point in time $3,311,515  $93,505  $3,405,020 
Services transferred over time  872,894   1,095,162   1,968,056 
             
Total Revenues $4,184,409  $1,188,667  $5,373,076 

 

21

 

 

CODA OCTOPUS GROUP, INC.

Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

April 30, 2021 and 2020

 

NOTE 14 -SEGMENT ANALYSIS (Continued)

 

  For the Three Months Ended April 30, 2020 
  Marine  Marine    
  Technology  Engineering  Grand 
  Business  Business  Total 
Disaggregation of Total Net Sales            
            
Primary Geographical Markets            
Americas $513,638  $1,010,109  $1,523,747 
Europe  519,990   587,910   1,107,900 
Australia/Asia  620,386   -   620,386 
Middle East/Africa  37,185   -   37,185 
             
Total Revenues $1,691,199  $1,598,019  $3,289,218 
             
Major Goods/Service Lines            
Equipment Sales  513,638  $-  $513,638 
Equipment Rentals  519,990   -   519,990 
Software Sales  620,386   -   620,386 
Engineering Parts  37,185   1,435,134   1,472,319 
Services  -   162,885   162,885 
             
Total Revenues $1,691,199  $1,598,019  $3,289,218 
             
Goods transferred at a point in time $377,411  $-  $377,411 
Services transferred over time  1,313,788   1,598,019   2,911,807 
             
Total Revenues $1,691,199  $1,598,019  $3,289,218 

 

22

 

 

CODA OCTOPUS GROUP, INC.

Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

April 30, 2021 and 2020

 

NOTE 14 -SEGMENT ANALYSIS (Continued)

 

  For the Six Months Ended April 30, 2021 
  Marine  Marine    
  Technology  Engineering  Grand 
  Business  Business  Total 
Disaggregation of Total Net Sales            
            
Primary Geographical Markets            
Americas $1,463,807  $1,113,904  $2,577,711 
Europe  2,790,755   1,376,943   4,167,698 
Australia/Asia  3,495,233   -   3,495,233 
Middle East/Africa  182,893   -   182,893 
             
Total Revenues $7,932,688  $2,490,847  $10,423,535 
             
Major Goods/Service Lines            
Equipment Sales $5,883,949  $314,462  $6,198,411 
Equipment Rentals  932,553   -   932,553 
Software Sales  446,275   -   446,275 
Engineering Parts  213,956   1,634,716   1,848,672 
Services  455,955   541,668   997,623 
             
Total Revenues $7,932,688  $2,490,847  $10,423,535 
             
Goods transferred at a point in time $6,367,552  $314,462  $6,682,014 
Services transferred over time  1,565,136   2,176,385   3,741,521 
             
Total Revenues $7,932,688  $2,490,847  $10,423,535 

 

23

 

 

CODA OCTOPUS GROUP, INC.

Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

April 30, 2021 and 2020

 

NOTE 14 -SEGMENT ANALYSIS (Continued)

 

  For the Six Months Ended April 30, 2020 
  Marine  Marine    
  Technology  Engineering  Grand 
  Business  Business  Total 
Disaggregation of Total Net Sales            
            
Primary Geographical Markets            
Americas $1,054,970  $3,146,013  $4,200,983 
Europe  1,139,007   1,500,173   2,639,180 
Australia/Asia  3,041,746   -   3,041,746 
Middle East/Africa  88,288   -   88,288 
             
Total Revenues $5,324,011  $4,646,186  $9,970,197 
             
Major Goods/Service Lines            
Equipment Sales $3,205,777  $-  $3,205,777 
Equipment Rentals  828,564   -   828,564 
Software Sales  245,521   -   245,521 
Engineering Parts  -   3,988,363   3,988,363 
Services  1,044,149   657,823   1,701,972 
             
Total Revenues $5,324,011  $4,646,186  $9,970,197 
             
Goods transferred at a point in time $3,319,289  $-  $3,319,289 
Services transferred over time  2,004,722   4,646,186   6,650,908 
             
Total Revenues $5,324,011  $4,646,186  $9,970,197 

 

NOTE 15 – PAYROLL PROTECTION PROGRAM

 

In the six months ended April 30, 2021 two of our US companies, received $648,872 under the second round of the US Government Payroll Protection Program (“Second Round PPP”) for payroll assistance during the Pandemic. The proceeds from the Second Round PPP have been used to offset US employees’ salaries during the six month period. In the six months ended April 30, 2021 the Company utilized all of the $648,872 of the Second Round PPP to defray payroll expense. This amount is recorded in our accounts as “Other Income.” We have applied for the loans to be forgiven under the SBA rules.

 

In the 2020 FY certain of our US companies, received $648,872 under the US Government Payroll Protection Program (“First Round PPP”). The proceeds from the First Round PPP were used to offset US employees’ salaries during the Pandemic. The amount received under the First Round PPP has now been forgiven under the Program. This amount is recorded in our accounts as “Other Income.”

 

The companies received their First Round PPP loans in April and May of 2020. The companies applied for forgiveness of the loans in September 2020 and the loans were forgiven in November 2020.

 

24

 

 

CODA OCTOPUS GROUP, INC.

Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements

April 30, 2021 and 2020

 

NOTE 16 – COVID-19

 

The Company faces various risks related to the global outbreak of coronavirus disease (“COVID-19”).

 

The Engineering Services Business is dependent on its workforce to deliver its products and services primarily to the US and U.K. Governments. If significant portions of the Engineering Services Business’s workforce are unable to work effectively, or if the US. or U.K. Government and/or other customers’ operations are curtailed due to illness, quarantines, government actions, facility closures, or other restrictions in connection with the COVID-19 Pandemic, the Engineering Services Business’s operations is likely to be severely impacted. The Engineering Services Business may be unable to perform fully on its contracts and costs may increase as a result of the COVID-19 outbreak. These cost increases may not be fully recoverable either from our customers or under existing insurance policies. At this time, the Company’s management cannot predict with any precision the full extent of the impact which COVID-19 Pandemic will have on the Company, but management continues to mitigate where it can and monitor the situation, to assess further possible implications to operations, the supply chain, and customers, and to take actions in an effort to mitigate adverse consequences. Further, the Pandemic may impact the Company’s results of operations when compared to pre-Pandemic results.

 

The Marine Technology Business is dependent on its workforce and/or distributors/resellers to sell and deliver its products and services. Developments such as social distancing, shelter -in- place directives and travel restrictions introduced by governments have impacted the Marine Products Business’s ability to deploy its workforce effectively. These same developments may affect the operations of the Company’s suppliers, customers and distributors/resellers, as their own workforces and operations are disrupted by efforts to curtail the spread of this virus. The uncertainty relating to the trajectory of the Pandemic, in particular the evolving strains of the virus and the associated response of various Governments in the places which we operate will affect the pace at which the Company’s financial performance improves.

 

NOTE 17 – INCOME TAXES

 

The Company’s effective tax rate for the three months ended April 30, 2021 and 2020 was (13.9%) and 28.3%, respectively. The decrease in the effective tax rate for the three months ended April 30, 2021, as compared to April 30, 2020 resulted from the US companies having a taxable loss for the three months ended April 30, 2020 compared to a taxable income for the three months ended April 30, 2021. We also recorded $311,966 related Employee Retention Credits which reduced the current income tax expense for the three months ended April 30,2021.

 

The Company’s effective tax rate for the six months ended April 30, 2021 and 2020 was (13.7%) and 2.4%, respectively. The decrease in the effective tax rate for the six months ended April 30, 2021, as compared to April 30, 2020 resulted from the US companies having a taxable loss for the six months ended April 30, 2020 compared to a taxable income for the six months ended April 30, 2021. We also recorded $311,966 related to Employee Retention Credits, which reduced the current income tax expense for the six months ended April 30,2021.

 

As of April 30, 2021, we had US federal net operating losses (“NOL”) carryforwards of $1,536,899, which expire in 2029.

 

NOTE 18 - RECLASSIFICATION OF PRIOR YEAR PRESENTATION

 

Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified for consistency with the current year presentation. These reclassifications had no effect on the previously reported consolidated financial statements. An adjustment has been made to the disclosures of the composition of property and equipment.

 

25

 

 

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

Forward-Looking Statements

 

The information herein contains forward-looking statements. All statements other than statements of historical fact made herein are forward looking. In particular, the statements herein regarding industry prospects and future results of operations or financial position are forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements can be identified by the use of words such as “believes,” “estimates,” “could,” “possibly,” “probably,” anticipates,” “projects,” “expects,” “may,” “will,” or “should” or other variations or similar words. No assurances can be given that the future results anticipated by the forward-looking statements will be achieved. Forward-looking statements reflect management’s current expectations and are inherently uncertain. Our actual results may differ significantly from management’s expectations.

 

The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with our financial statements, included herewith and the audited financial statements included in our annual report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on January 28, 2021. This discussion should not be construed to imply that the results discussed herein will necessarily continue into the future, or that any conclusion reached herein will necessarily be indicative of actual operating results in the future. Such discussion represents only the best present assessment of our management.

 

General Overview

 

In the Management’s Discussion and Analysis (MDA) section, the terminologies referenced below are used throughout the MDA section and have the following meanings:

 

“Current Quarter”Three-month period ended April 30, 2021
“Previous Quarter”Three-month period ended April 30, 2020
“Current Six Month Period”The Six-month period ended April 30, 2021
“Previous Six Month Period”The Six-month period ended April 30, 2020

 

We operate two distinct business operations which are:

 

 the Marine Technology Business (also referred to in this Form 10-Q as “Products Business”, “Products Operations” or “Products Segment”); and
   
 the Marine Engineering Business (also referred to in this Form 10-Q as “Engineering Business”, “Engineering Operations”, or “Services Business” or “Services Segment”).

 

Our Products Business designs, manufactures and sells and/or rents underwater solutions, products and services to the underwater commercial and defense markets. Our product offerings comprise hardware, software and services which extend to customization of our technology for customers specific purposes and onsite training and mobilization assistance. The Products Business has operations in the USA, UK and Denmark. The most significant technology in the Products Business’ portfolio is its real time volumetric sonar technology which has unique capabilities for both the commercial and defense underwater imaging sonar markets. To our knowledge this is the only sonar in the world with these capabilities. There are several patents around this technology covering various methods. We have also filed multiple patents concerning our next generation of sonar technology (Echoscope PIPE®). The Products Business generates most of its revenues from its real time 3D sonar which includes both hardware and proprietary software. Our products are used primarily in the underwater construction market, offshore oil and gas, offshore wind energy industry, complex dredging, port security, search and rescue, salvaging, defense, shallow water and deep-water mining, diving and marine sciences sectors. Our customers include service providers to major oil and gas companies, renewable energy companies, law enforcement agencies, ports, mining companies, defense bodies, research institutes and universities. Increasingly we are performing development work around our technology for US defense bodies. This includes the recent development of a close in visualization real time 3D sonar, specifically for a US defense customer which we delivered in May 2021. This device is currently going through Customer Acceptance Testing. If successful, it will be integrated in new surface vessels, which has the potential to involve multiple sales over the life of the program.

 

Our Services Business acts primarily as a sub-contractor to prime defense contractors. This Business engineers sub-assemblies which are utilized in broader defense programs. The Services Business has operations in the USA and UK. Its central business model is the design and manufacture of sub-assemblies for utilization into larger defense mission critical integrated systems (“MCIS”). An example of such MCIS is the US Close-In-Weapons Support (CIWS) Program for the Phalanx radar-guided cannon used on combat ships. These proprietary sub-assemblies, once approved within the MCIS program, afford the Services Business the status of preferred supplier for these items. Such status permits it to supply these sub-assemblies and upgrades in the event of obsolescence or advancement of technology for the life of the MCIS program. Clients include prime defense contractors such as Raytheon, Northrop Grumman, Thales Underwater and BAE systems. This Business generally creates the initial design and prototyping of the first sub-assembly item and once adopted within the designated program, secures ongoing manufacturing contract for the said sub-assembly.

 

Both the Marine Technology Business and Marine Engineering Business have established synergies in terms of customers and specialized engineering skill sets (hardware, firmware and software) encompassing capturing, computing, processing and displaying data in harsh environments. Both businesses jointly bid for development and engineering projects for which their common joint skills provide competitive advantage.

 

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Factors Affecting our Business

 

The following is a short description of some of the factors that affect our business. For a more detailed discussion of these and additional factors, refer to the Company’s Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended October 31, 2020 which was filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on January 28, 2021 and which incorporated by reference herein.

 

United Kingdom’s Withdrawal from the European Union (widely referred to as “Brexit”)

 

The United Kingdom (“UK”) withdrew from the European Union (“EU”) on December 31, 2020. This has resulted in the removal of previous existing rights concerning the freedom of movement of goods, persons, capital and services between the UK and the EU member states. The removal of these rights may reduce the demand for our goods and services in the European Union which is a major market for our products and services.

 

Although in the areas of our operation we believe that under the new trade agreement between the UK and EU, there are no trade tariffs or quotas applicable to our products or services, we nevertheless believe that our business is likely to be adversely affected by the withdrawal from the EU by the UK. The withdrawal took effect January 1, 2021 and therefore the full impact of this change in the status of the relationship between the UK and EU, is still not fully understood. However, some of the immediate areas that have impacted us since withdrawal include:

 

 New restrictions which prevent our engineers from working freely in EU member countries. Our business relies on our field engineers going to our customers’ sites and assisting with training and mobilizing of our solutions. Under the new arrangement between the EU and UK, our engineers will now need a work permit for EU member countries. However, we are unable to assess the true impact of these new requirements for our engineers since there is uncertainty as to the new procedures further compounded by the border restrictions in EU member countries currently due to the Pandemic.
   
 Since the withdrawal in December 2020, there has been wide-scale disruption in shipments between the UK and EU member countries with the introduction of significant customs checks or declarations. This has resulted in significant customs procedures to comply with causing increased costs and delays. Increasingly our European customers are requesting for our products to come from within the European Union as a condition of hiring the equipment. If we are unable to address this in the near future, this will affect the demand for our products in European Union member states. This means that our Danish subsidiary will become increasingly important to the Products Business operations. It also means an increase in the cost of our operations associated with managing a subsidiary in Denmark.
   
 There is an acute shortage of engineering skills (both hardware and software) in the UK which is exacerbated by the withdrawal from the EU. In addition, we are unable to recruit staff from EU member state countries in specialized areas such as engineering and software development. This has impacted the business as it is experiencing shortage of engineering resources in key areas.

 

We have taken steps to mitigate some of its impact of the UK leaving the European Union by establishing a Danish based subsidiary, Coda Octopus Products A/S, to maintain a presence in the European Union. We intend to run a large part of our rental business from this office. We can give no assurance that this in itself will be sufficient to reduce the impact of the change in the UK access to the European Union single market.

 

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Impact of the Coronavirus outbreak (“Pandemic”)

 

General Impact

 

All our operations continue to be impacted by the Pandemic. In broad terms, our operations are limited due to various levels of restrictions that are imposed by the governments in the countries in which we operate including United States, United Kingdom and Denmark and in the countries where our customers operate. For example, since the beginning of January 2021, the UK government imposed the highest level of restriction on movement of people. These restrictions have limited business operations to essential business and restricts staff movement and foreign travel combined with onerous quarantine rules. These limitations impact on our ability to service our customers and therefore on our revenues.

 

Government Policies on the Pandemic

 

Our operations are based in a number of countries, with each country establishing different pandemic management related rules. This has generally resulted in a much less predictable working environment for planning and delivering customer projects along with increased project cost.

 

In January 2021, the UK Government introduced the highest level of restrictions with much of the country being in lockdown, thus severely constraining our business activities. A large part of our business operations is in the UK and to this extent we have been severely affected by the current lockdown policy (being a manufacturing Company). A number of other implications are:

 

 Decrease in the business’ productivity.
 Project over runs with associated increase costs.
 A high percentage of staff may be required to quarantine for extended (and recurring periods) with all the associated implications such as increased costs and delays in finalizing projects.
 Higher staff costs due to increased sick pay allowance which varies according to the country where the business operations are located combined with lower productivity.
 The part of our business operations which concern rentals of equipment has been significantly impacted as we have been unable to utilize our field engineers for support of customer’s projects due to the restrictions.
 The business activities which we can pursue are still very limited and this is an industry-wide problem.

 

Our US operations are also impacted by ongoing uncertainty caused by the Pandemic including disruption to business caused by requirements to close for testing or quarantining and also postponement in field trials considered non-essential.

 

Impact on Revenues and Earnings

 

Increasingly governments Pandemic response strategies are fluid with the evolving new strains of the virus. Until the business environment normalizes, we are uncertain as to the extent of the impact the Pandemic will have on our future financial results. In the Current Quarter both the Marine Technology Business and our Engineering Business have been adversely impacted by the constraints caused by the Pandemic causing, among other things, reduction in the demand for our goods and services or postponement of projects.

 

Impact on Liquidity, Balance Sheet and Assets

 

Failure to curb the Pandemic in the near future, may adversely impact on our availability of free cash flow, working capital and business prospects. As of April 30, 2021, we had cash and cash equivalents of approximately $16.6 million and for the six months ended April 30, 2021, we generated approximately $435,000 of cash from operations. Since the beginning of the Pandemic in March 2020, the level of cash generated from our operations has declined. Based on our outstanding obligations including loans and notes payable (“Instruments”), terms of these Instruments and our cash balances, we believe we have sufficient working capital to effectively continue our business operations for the foreseeable future.

 

Supply Chain Disruption

 

Due to the exceptionally high demand in the semi-conductor market, we are experiencing extreme lead times for components which are necessary for the manufacture and service of our products. We are also seeing significant increases in price for these components. Both the extended lead time, in some instances 40 weeks lead time is being quoted by suppliers, and the price increase may affect our ability to meet customer requirements and make the prices of our products uncompetitive.

 

Critical Accounting Policies

 

This discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations is based on our consolidated financial statements that have been prepared under accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”). The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires our management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported values of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported levels of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could materially differ from those estimates.

 

Below is a discussion of accounting policies that we consider critical to an understanding of our financial condition and operating results and that may require complex judgment in their application or require estimates about matters which are inherently uncertain. A discussion of our significant accounting policies, including further discussion of the accounting policies described below, can be found in Note 2, “Summary of Accounting Policies” of our Consolidated Financial Statements for the year ended October 31, 2020.

 

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Revenue Recognition

 

Our revenues are earned under formal contracts with our customers and are derived from both sales and rental of underwater solutions for imaging, mapping, defense and survey applications and from the engineering services that we provide. Our contracts do not include the possibility for additional contingent consideration so that our determination of the contract price does not involve having to consider potential variable additional consideration. Our product sales do not include a right of return by the customer.

 

With regard to our Products Segment, all of our products are sold on a stand-alone basis and those market prices are evidence of the value of the products. To the extent that we also provide services (e.g., installation, training, etc.), those services are either included as part of the product or are subject to written contracts based on the stand-alone value of those services. Revenue from the sale of services is recognized when those services have been provided to the customer and evidence of the provision of those services exist.

 

For further discussion of our revenue recognition accounting policies, refer to Note 2 – “Revenue Recognition” in these consolidated financial statements and in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended October 31, 2020.

 

Recoverability of Deferred Costs

 

We defer costs on projects for service revenue. Deferred costs consist primarily of direct and incremental costs to customize and install systems, as defined in individual customer contracts, including costs to acquire hardware and software from third parties and payroll costs for our employees and other third parties.

 

We recognize such costs on a contract by contract basis in accordance with our revenue recognition policy. For revenue recognized under the completed contract method, costs are deferred until the products are delivered, or upon completion of services or, where applicable, customer acceptance. For revenue recognized under the percentage of completion method, costs are recognized as products are delivered or services are provided in accordance with the percentage of completion calculation. For revenue recognized ratably over the term of the contract, costs are also recognized ratably over the term of the contract, commencing on the date of revenue recognition. At each balance sheet date, we review deferred costs, to ensure they are ultimately recoverable. Any anticipated losses on uncompleted contracts are recognized when evidence indicates the estimated total cost of a contract exceeds its estimated total revenue.

 

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Income Taxes

 

The Company accounts for income taxes in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification Topic 740, Income Taxes (ASC 740). Under ASC 740, deferred income tax assets and liabilities are recorded for the income tax effects of differences between the bases of assets and liabilities for financial reporting purposes and their bases for income tax reporting. The Company’s differences arise principally from the use of various accelerated and modified accelerated cost recovery system for income tax purposes versus straight line depreciation used for book purposes and from the utilization of net operating loss carry-forwards.

 

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are the amounts by which the Company’s future income taxes are expected to be impacted by these differences as they reverse. Deferred tax assets are based on differences that are expected to decrease future income taxes as they reverse. Correspondingly, deferred tax liabilities are based on differences that are expected to increase future income taxes as they reverse.

 

For income tax purposes, the Company uses the percentage of completion method of recognizing revenues on long-term contracts which is consistent with the Company’s financial reporting under US generally accepted accounting principles.

 

Intangible Assets

 

Intangible assets consist principally of the excess of cost over the fair value of net assets acquired (or goodwill), customer relationships, non-compete agreements and licenses. Goodwill was allocated to our reporting units based on the original purchase price allocation. Goodwill is not amortized and is evaluated for impairment annually or more often if circumstances indicate impairment may exist. Customer relationships, non-compete agreements, patents and licenses are being amortized on a straight-line basis over periods of 2 to 15 years. The Company amortizes its limited lived intangible assets using the straight-line method over their estimated period of benefit. Annually, or sooner if there is indication of a loss in value, we evaluate the recoverability of intangible assets and consider events or circumstances that warrant revised estimates of useful lives or that indicate that impairment exists.

 

The first step of the goodwill impairment test, used to identify potential impairment, compares the fair value of the reporting unit with its carrying amount, including goodwill. If the fair value, which is based on future cash flows, exceeds the carrying amount, goodwill is not considered impaired. If the carrying amount exceeds the fair value, goodwill is reduced by the excess of the carrying amount of the reporting unit over that reporting unit’s fair value. Goodwill can never be reduced below zero, if any. At the end of each year, we evaluate goodwill on a separate reporting unit basis to assess recoverability, and impairments, if any, are recognized in earnings. An impairment loss would be recognized in an amount equal to the excess of the carrying amount of the goodwill over the implied fair value of the goodwill. There were no impairment charges during the periods presented.

 

Summary of Consolidated Results of Operations

 

Although in the Current Quarter our financial results have significantly improved over the Previous Quarter, this should be contextualized by the fact that in the Previous Quarter our business was virtually closed due to the global lockdown relating to the Pandemic. This severely limited our business operations which resulted in our financial results in the Previous Quarter falling significantly.

 

Even though in the Current Quarter our financial results have improved over the Previous Quarter, we are still not back to pre-Pandemic conditions and we continue to be affected by:

 

 The ongoing Pandemic with its associated constraints discussed previously; and
 Delays in the Services Operations securing backlog orders due to change in the US Administration compounded by slow progress in procurement of contracts due to personnel working remotely. Delays in contracts caused by change in the US Administration is not unusual and we do not believe these backlog contracts have gone away but have just been delayed.

 

The Company’s financial results improved significantly over the Previous Quarter for the reasons discussed above. However, the Business is still impacted by the constraints placed upon the business environment as a result of the ongoing Pandemic and the various measures taken by respective governments such as limitations on opening of business, quarantining rules or restrictions on travel (both domestic and abroad). In addition, the Services Business operations continue to be severely impacted by the delay in receiving anticipated backlog government related contracts. This is due to the change in the US Administration compounded by the Pandemic. This has significantly affected the financial results of the Services Business in the Current Quarter and revenues generated by this Segment declined by 25.6% over the Previous Quarter. This in turn has adversely impacted our consolidated financial results in the Current Quarter.

 

In the Current Quarter, the Products Business generated 77.9% of our consolidated revenues and our Services Segment generated 22.1% of our consolidated revenues. In the Previous Quarter, the Products Business generated 51.4% of our consolidated revenues and our Services Segment generated 48.6% of our consolidated revenues.

 

In the Current Quarter we recognized $558,901 as “Other Income” which was derived by our US Subsidiaries from the US Government Second Round Payroll Protection Program (“Second Round PPP”). This amount was expended in the Current Quarter on defraying payroll expenditures for our US employees. Consequently, we believe this amount will be forgiven under the Program and therefore we have recognized this amount as Other Income in our Current Quarter financial statements. We have submitted the necessary paperwork for such forgiveness.

 

In the Current Quarter our UK subsidiaries received payroll assistance of $48,288 under the UK Government Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme Program (CJRS) for UK employees who were furloughed due to the ongoing Pandemic and the new strain of the coronavirus discovered in the United Kingdom where we have a significant part of our business operations. This amount is recorded in our financial statement for the Current Quarter as a reduction of SG&A expenditures.

 

Segment Summary

 

Products Business

 

In the Current Quarter the Products Business generated 77.9% of our consolidated revenues compared to 51.4% in the Previous Quarter. In the Current Quarter revenues were $4,184,409 compared to $1,691,199 in the Previous Quarter, representing an increase of 147.4%. Gross Profit Magin fell by 0.3 percentage points and was 75.6% in the Current Quarter compared to 75.9% in the Previous Quarter. This marginal decline is a reflection of more units of hardware sale and commissions paid in the Current Quarter compared to the Previous Quarter. In the Current Quarter Total Operating Expenses increased by 18%, reflecting more business activities than in the Previous Quarter where this business activities contracted significantly due to the Pandemic and associated lockdown. In the Current Quarter Net Income Before Taxes increased by 1269.4% and was $2,009,600 compared to $146,751.

 

Services Business

 

In the Current Quarter the Services Business generated 22.1% of our consolidated revenues compared to 48.6% in the Previous Quarter. In the Current Quarter revenues of the Services Business declined by 25.6% and was $1,188,667 compared to $1,598,019 in the Previous Quarter. Gross Profit Margin increased by 9.3 percentage points. Gross Profit Margin increased in the Services Business largely due to the mix of engineering projects. Total Operating Expenses declined by 17.5%. The main reason for the decline in revenues is the delay in receiving anticipated backlog government related contracts. This is mainly due to the change in US Administration exacerbated by the ongoing Pandemic. Net income before taxes was $361,472 as compared to a loss of $160,859 in the Previous Quarter. However, in the Current Quarter the Services Business recognized as “Other Income” an amount of $436,574 received under the Second Round PPP. Therefore, in real terms without this amount of $436,574 the Services Business would have realized a net loss of $75,102.

 

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Results of Operations for the Current Quarter compared to the Previous Quarter

 

Revenue: Total consolidated revenues for the Current Quarter and the Previous Quarter were $5,373,076 and $3,289,218 respectively, representing an increase of 63.4%. The Products Business revenues increased from $1,691,199 in the Previous Quarter to $4,184,409 in the Current Quarter, representing an increase of 147.4%. This largely reflects the improvement in the business environment over the Previous Quarter where the global economy was shut down due to the Pandemic and which curtailed our business activities in the Previous Quarter. In the Current Quarter, the Services Business revenues fell by 25.6% and was $1,188,667 compared to $1,598,019 in the Previous Quarter. This fall in the Services Business revenues is due to the significant delay in receiving anticipated defense contracts. This is largely a result of the change in US Administrations exacerbated by the Pandemic which has caused business activities to slow down. We continue to believe that although the Service Business is currently behind on its business plan, on an annualized basis it is still expected to meet its business plan objectives by the end of the current financial year.

 

Gross Profit Margins: Margin percentage was stronger in the Current Quarter at 69.8% (gross profit of $3,749,604) compared to 58.5% (gross profit of $1,925,414) in the Previous Quarter.

 

Gross Profit Margins may vary according to a number of factors. These include:

 

 The percentage of consolidated sales attributed to the Products Business. The Gross Profit Margin yielded by the Products Business is generally higher than that of the Services Business.
 The percentage of consolidated sales attributed to the Services Business. The Services Business yields a lower gross profit margin on generated sales which are largely based on time and materials contracts (except for its Thermite® products).

 

The mix of sales within the Products Business:

  Outright sales versus rentals.
  Hardware related sales versus Software related sales.
  Extent of Offshore Engineering Support Services provided in the period.
  Extent of paid customer engineering work relating to customizing our technology for their purpose.

 

 Level of Commissions on sales (both the Services and Products businesses work with a global network of sales agents). Most sales from Asia attract commission as those are typically sales via our Agents/Distributors Network.
 Level of Assets in Rental Pool and cost of Sales associated with these Assets (and which are subject to depreciation).

 

Services Business

 

In the Current Quarter Gross Profit Margins for the Services Business were 49.5% in the Current Quarter compared to 40.1% in the Previous Quarter.

 

Products Business

  

In the Current Quarter Gross Profit Margins for the Products operations were 75.6% compared to 75.9% in the Previous Quarter. Gross Profit Margins was slightly less in the Products Business due to increase in the unit of hardware sales, commissions paid on Equipment Sales which was $76,631 compared to ($652) in the Previous Quarter.

 

Since there are more variable factors affecting Gross Profit Margins in the Products Business, a table showing a summary of break-out of sales generated by the Products Business in the Current Quarter compared to the Previous Quarter is set out below:

 

  Current Quarter
Products
  Previous Quarter
Products
  Percentage Change 
Equipment Sales $3,090,462  $513,638   Increase 501.7%
Equipment Rentals  598,190   519,990   Increase 15.0%
Software Sales  221,053   620,386   Decrease 64.4%
Engineering Parts  -   37,185   Decrease 100%
Services  274,704   -   Increase 100%
             
Total Net Sales $4,184,409  $1,691,199   Increase 147.4%

 

Further information on the performance of each Segment including revenues by product and geography in the Current Quarter can be found in Note 14 to the Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

Research and Development (R&D): Total consolidated Research and Development expenditures in the Current Quarter were $645,281 compared to $713,641, representing a reduction of 9.6%.

 

 Services Segment.

 

During the Current Quarter the Services Business R&D expenditures fell by 60.7%. These expenditures were $106,403 in the Current Quarter compared to $207,945 in the Previous Quarter. Research and Development expenditures are incurred by this business in relation to an incubator embedded systems division which it has established. This division is investing in the development of the next generation of the Thermite® range of mission computers for leveraging across our group of companies. Thermite® which has a prestigious customer base, is a ruggedized mission computer with a number of variants which are man worn, backpack worn and simultaneously integrated in the soldier’s helmet and in defense system such as air-borne drones. The next generation of Thermite® (now the Thermite® Octal) is in trials with a number of customers and we would expect to start manufacturing these mission computers for sale when the trials are completed. We continue to believe that the onward development of the Thermite® product is significant for the growth of our Services Segment. In the Current Quarter, R&D expenditures for this Segment decreased due to the Business taking steps to reduce spending in this area until it can restart field trials on the prototype variants it has fielded. Until the field trials are complete, it is challenging to lock in the new development requirements, and as such we have temporarily reduced our expenditures on Thermite®.

 

 Products Segment

 

R&D expenditures in the Products Business increased from $442,696 in the Previous Quarter to $538,878 in the Current Quarter, representing an increase of 21.7%. This increase is in line with the Company’s expectation. In the Previous Quarter R&D expenditures were particularly low as our activities were significantly reduced due to the Pandemic. R&D Expenditures in the Current Quarter include an exceptional item of expenditures of $96,182 which represents a sub-contractor’s costs for development of a new generation of an ASIC device for our sonar technology. We expect to expend $500,000 in this fiscal year on the development of this device. The $96,182 reflects the first phase of the costs associated with this ASIC device. In real terms therefore, R&D expenditures for the Products Segment in the Current Quarter are substantially in line with those of the Previous Quarter.

 

Segment 

April 30, 2021

  

April 30, 2020

  Percentage Change 
Services Segment R&D Expenditures $106,403  $270,945   Decrease of 60.7%
Products Segment R&D Expenditures $538,868  $442,696   Increase of 21.7%

 

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Selling, General and Administrative Expenses (SG&A): SG&A expenses for the Current Quarter was $1,780,001 compared to $1,533,210 in the Previous Quarter, representing an increase in this area of expenditures of 16%.

 

In the Previous Quarter we were severely impacted by the global lock down, which resulted in the contraction of a significant portion of our business activities. The increase in this area of expenditures in the Current Quarter by 16.1% should be understood in this context.

 

In the UK where we have a substantial part of our business activities, in the Previous Quarter a significant number of staff were unable to travel to work and therefore were furloughed pursuant to the terms of the UK Government Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme (CJRS). In the Previous Quarter we received pursuant to the CJRS $105,711 as payroll assistance for these staff compared to $48,288 in the Current Quarter. SG&A expenditures are reduced by the contributions received under the CJRS.

 

We have a number of non-cash items relating to transactional exchange rate variance within General Costs and stock based compensation. In the Current Quarter we recorded expenditures of $135,157 for stock based compensation for certain stock options granted to management under the Company’s 2017 Stock Option Incentive Plan compared to $88,299 in the Previous Quarter, representing an increase of 53%

 

Office costs associated with Health and Safety costs associated with the Pandemic management, increased significantly and were $111,438 in the Current Quarter compared to $59,980 in the Previous Quarter, representing an increase of 86%

 

Key Areas of SG&A Expenditure across the Group for the Current Quarter compared to the Previous Quarter are:

 

Expenditure 

April 30, 2021

  

April 30, 2020

  Percentage Change 
Wages and Salaries $791,759  $749,865   Increase of 5.6%
Legal and Professional Fees (including accounting and audit) $258,736  $210,864   Increase of 22.7%
Rent for our various locations $8,158  $22,384   Decrease of 63.6%
Marketing $32,116  $20,212   Decrease of 58.9%

 

The increase in the Current Quarter of “Legal and Professional” category of expenditures is a reflection that in the Previous Quarter our Board of Directors and our Chief Executive Officer (“Officers”) had waived certain amounts relating to their Professional Fees in light of the global lockdown and the uncertainty created by the Pandemic. In the Previous Quarter the Professional Fees of Officers were $67,779 and in the Current Quarter were $76,850 representing an increase in this category of $9,071. The Professional Fees for the Board of Director’s were $0 and in the Current Quarter were $40,000 representing an increase in this category of $40,000. The total of Professional Fees of Officers and Directors were $67,779 in the Previous Quarter and $116,850 for the Current Quarter.

 

In general, the category of “Rent” is not material for the Business as we own the substantial part of the premises and facilities, we use to perform our business activities. The current category of rent largely reflects the premises we are using in Copenhagen/Denmark which has been established to mitigate as far as possible the impact of the United Kingdom withdrawing from the European Union.

 

The Marketing Expenditures in both the Current Quarter and Previous Quarter do not reflect our typical expenditures in this area. Since the Previous Quarter, marketing activities have been severely constrained due to the Pandemic which prevents activities such as travel to customer or attending trade shows. The Marketing expenditures in the Current Quarter increased over the Previous Quarter due to the fact that we are performing more marketing activities than in the Previous Quarter when the global economy was shut down.

 

Operating Income (loss): In the Current Quarter we realized an operating profit of $1,324,322 compared to an operating loss of ($321,437) in the Previous Quarter. In the Previous Quarter our business activities were significantly curtailed due to the global lockdown caused by the Pandemic. Since then, the business curtailment is less and, although not back to pre-Pandemic levels, have improved substantially over the Previous Quarter. The increase in Operating Income in the Current Quarter is a result of the significant increase in our consolidated revenues.

 

Interest Expense: Interest expense decreased by 26.1% in the Current Quarter to $13,641 from $18,456 in the Previous Quarter. This is due to reduction in the principal amount outstanding under the debentures held by HSBC NA and which is in accordance with the agreed repayment schedule. This loan matures in December 2021. Please refer to Note 11 – Notes Payable to the Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements for further details pertaining to this HSBC Loan.

 

Other Income: In the Current Quarter we had $628,346 as “Other Income” compared to (311) in the Previous Quarter. Other Income comprises $69,445 attributed to miscellaneous transactions concerning payments for certain funded R&D work, payment for rent by third party for parking places and reversal of certain accrual transactions which are now statutorily barred. In addition, the Company recognized $558,901 as “Other Income”, which was received under the second round of the US Government Payroll Protection Program for payroll assistance. In the Current Quarter, this amount was used to defray payroll assistance. Since this amount was fully utilized for the purpose of the PPP, we believe that this will be forgiven and have submitted the application concerning this.

 

Net Income (loss) before income taxes: In the Current Quarter, we realized a profit of $1,939,027 before income taxes as compared to loss of $340,204 in the Previous Quarter. In the Previous Quarter our business activities were significantly curtailed due to the global lockdown caused by the Pandemic. Since then, the business curtailment is less and, although we are not back to pre-Pandemic levels, the conditions have improved substantially over the Previous Quarter. The increase in Net Income before income taxes in the Current Quarter is a result of the significant increase in our consolidated revenues and the contribution of $558,901 under the Second Round of the PPP which we recognized in the Current Quarter as “Other Income”.

 

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Net Income: In the Current Quarter the Company realized a net income of $2,207,933 as compared to a net loss of $265,080 in the Previous Quarter. In the Previous Quarter our business activities were significantly curtailed due to the global lockdown caused by the Pandemic. Since then, the curtailment is less and, although we are not back to pre-Pandemic levels of activities, conditions have improved substantially over the Previous Quarter. The increase in Net Income in the Current Quarter is a result of the significant increase in our consolidated revenues along with the contribution of $558,901 under the Second Round PPP. which we recognized in the Current Quarter as “Other Income”. In addition, deferred tax changed from a benefit of $40,298 in the Previous Quarter to an expense of $55,836 for the Current Quarter, due to the increase in US. taxable income.

 

Comprehensive Income (loss). In the Current Quarter Comprehensive income was $2,506,645 compared to a comprehensive loss of ($819,065) for the Previous Quarter. This category is affected by fluctuations in foreign currency exchange transactions. In the Previous Quarter we realized a loss on foreign currency translation adjustments relating to certain transactions of $553,985 compared to a gain on related foreign currency translation transactions of $298,712 in the Current Quarter. A large part of the gain relates to a general stabilization of the British Pound against major currencies following clarity on its ongoing trade relationship with the European Union. This has therefore seen the British Pound consistently strengthening against US Dollar.

 

Results of Operations for the Current Six Month Period compared to the Previous Six Month Period

 

To contextualize our financial results for the Current Six Month Period, it should be noted that in the Previous Six Month Period, the Company’s business activities were significantly curtailed due to the Pandemic, particularly in the second quarter of the previous financial year. Since then, the business environment has been improving although uncertainties remain due to the new emerging strains of the virus.

 

Revenue: Total consolidated revenues for the Current Six Month Period and the Previous Six Month Period were $10,423,535 and $9,970,197 respectively, representing an increase of 4.5%. This is largely due to the increase in revenues generated by the Products Business. The Products Business revenue in the Current Six Month Period was $7,932,688 compared to $5,324,011 representing an increase of 49.0%. The Services Business revenues declined in the Current Six Month Period and was $2,490,847 compared to $4,646,186, representing a decline of 46.4%. This is largely due to constraints placed upon the Services Business operations due to the Pandemic (example customer Thermite® trials are on hold) compounded by delays in receiving backlog defense related orders caused by the change in the US Administrations. We continue to believe that on an annualized basis the Services Business will substantially realize its business plan for the fiscal year.

 

Gross Profit Margins: Margin percentage was stronger in the Current Six Month Period at 67.8% (gross profit of $7,064,526) compared to 62.2% (gross profit of $6,199,854), representing an increase of 5.6 percentage points in the Current Six Month Period.

 

Gross Profit Margins vary according to a number of factors, including:

 

 The percentage of consolidated sales attributed to the Products Business. The Gross Profit Margin yielded by the Products Business is generally higher than that of the Services Business.
 The percentage of consolidated sales attributed to the Services Business. The Services Business yields a lower gross profit margin on generated sales which are largely based on time and materials contracts (except for its Thermite® products).

 

The mix of sales within the Products Business:

  Outright sales versus rentals.
  Hardware related sales versus Software related sales.
  Extent of Offshore Engineering Support Services provided in the period.
  Extent of paid customer engineering work relating to customizing our technology for their purpose.

 

 Level of Commissions on sales (both the Services and Products businesses work with a global network sales agents). Most sales from Asia attract commission as those are typically sales via our Agents/Distributors Network.
 Level of Assets in Rental Pool and cost of the sales associated these Assets (and which are subject to depreciation).

 

Services Business

 

Gross Profit Margins for the Services Business of 42.1% were marginally higher in the Current Six Month Period compared to 41.7% in the Previous Six Month Period.

 

Products Business

 

In the Current Six Month Period Gross Profit Margins for the Products Business were 75.8% compared to 80.0% in the Previous Six Month Period. Gross Profit Margins were slightly less in the Products Business due to mix of sales, commissions paid on Equipment Sales which was $357,736 compared to $256,655 in the Previous Six Month Period. This is to be expected since there were more units of Equipment Sales in the Current Six Month Period from the Asia region.

 

Since there are more variable factors affecting Gross Profit Margins in the Products Business, a table showing a summary of break-out of sales generated by the Products Business in the Current Six Month Period compared to the Previous Six Month Period is set out below:

 

  Six Month Period 2021  Six Month Period 2020  

Percentage Change

 
Equipment Sales $5,883,949  $3,205,777   Increase 83.5%
Equipment Rentals  932,553   828,564   Increase 12.6%
Software Sales  446,275   245,521   Increase 81.8%
Engineering Parts  213,955   -   Increase 100%
Services  455,955   1,044,149   Decrease 56.3%
             
Total Net Sales $7,932,688  $5,324,011   Increase 49.0%

 

Further information on the performance of each Segment including revenues by product and geography can be found in Note 14 to the Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

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Research and Development (R&D): R&D expenditures in the Current Six Month Period were $1,228,420 compared to the $1,641,906 in the Previous Six Month Period, representing a decline of 25.2%. The significant fall in this area of expenditures in the Current Six Month Period is two-fold. The Services Business significantly reduced expenditures on the Thermite® development which resulted in a decline of 48.1%. In the Current Six Month Period these expenditures were $247,798 compared to $477,383 in the Previous Six Month Period. In addition, in the Previous Six Month Period, we had $165,098 attributed to Coda Octopus’ development costs for the US Navy First Generation (GEN 1) Head Up Display (HUD). In the Current Six Month Period all development associated with the HUD Development (now GEN 3), are funded by the US Office of Naval Research.

 

 Services Segment.

 

During the Current Six Month Period the Services Business R&D expenditures decreased by 48.1%. Research and Development expenditures are incurred by this business in relation to an incubator embedded systems division which it has established. This division is investing in the development of the next generation of the Thermite® range of mission computers for leveraging across our group of companies. Thermite® which has a prestigious customer base, is a ruggedized mission computer with a number of variants which are man worn, backpack worn and simultaneously integrated in the soldier’s helmet and in defense system such as air-borne drones. The next generation of Thermite® (now the Thermite® Octal) is in trials with a number of customers and we would expect to start manufacturing these mission computers for sale when the trials are completed. We continue to believe that the onward development of the Thermite® product is significant for the growth of our Services Segment. In the Current Quarter, R&D expenditures for this Segment decreased due to the Business taking steps to reduce spending in this area until it can restart field trials on the prototype variants it has fielded. Until the field trials are complete, it is challenging to lock in the new development requirements, and as such we have temporarily reduced our expenditures on Thermite®.

 

 Products Segment

 

During the Current Six Month Period R&D expenditures in the Products Segment decreased by 1.9% from $999,425 in the Previous Six Month Period to $980,622 in the Current Six Month Period. R&D expenditures are incurred by this business in connection with investments it makes in developing its products. In the Current Six Month Period, Products Business R&D expenditures include an exceptional item of expenditure of $96,182 which represents sub-contractor’s costs for development of a new generation of an ASIC device for our sonar technology. We expect to spend $500,000 in this fiscal year on the development of this device. The $96,182 reflects the first phase of the costs associated with this ASIC Device.

 

 CRADA – Heads Up Development Prototype Investment

 

In the Previous Six Month Period we had costs of $165,098 compared to nil in the Current Six Month Period. These expenditures were attributed to the Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (“CRADA”). Under the CRADA we collaborated in the development of the first-generation prototype Heads Up Display (HUD) Unit for Naval Sea Systems Command (NAVSEA) in conjunction with Naval Surface Warfare Center, Panama Division. The first-generation prototype has been approved under the CRADA and, accordingly, we do not expect further expenditures under the CRADA since the next generation of the HUD will be funded by ONR/NAVSEA. We are now funded by ONR/NAVSEA for the Third Generation of HUD.

 

Segment April 30, 2021  April 30, 2020  Percentage Change 
Services Segment R&D Expenditures $247,798   477,383   Decrease of 48.1%
Products Segment R&D Expenditures $980,622  $999,425   Decrease of 1.9%
Coda Octopus Group, Inc. R&D Expenditures $-  $165,098   Decrease of 100%

 

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Selling, General and Administrative Expenses (SG&A): SG&A expenses for the Current Six Month Period increased to $3,593,367 from $3,424,888 in the Previous Six Month Period representing an increase of 4.9%.

 

The increase in SG&A in the Current Six Month Period compared to the Previous Six Month Period reflects increase in the areas of Wages and Salaries (4.8%) and Legal and Professional (1.2%), insurance costs (5.3%) and General Costs (58.9%).

 

We also recorded expenses for stock based charges of $309,604 in the Current Six Month Period compared to $125,687 in the Previous Six Month Period, representing an increase of 146.3%.

 

Key Areas of SG&A Expenditure across the Group for the Current Quarter compared to the Previous Quarter are:

 

Expenditure 

April 30, 2021

  

April 30, 2020

  Percentage Change 
Wages and Salaries $1,630,065  $1,555,595   Increase of 4.8%
Legal and Professional Fees (including accounting and audit) $594,085  $588,072   Increase of 1.2%
Rent for our various locations $18,283  $14,191   Increase of 28.8%
Marketing $43,446  $66,219   Decrease of 34.4%

 

The increase in the “Wages and Salaries” category of expenditure in the Current Six Month Period, is a reflection of increase in the costs of labor in the UK where we have the highest staff head count.

 

The increase in the “Legal and Professional” category of expenditures in the Current Six Month Period is a reflection that in the Previous Six Month Period we had waivers of fees from our CEO and Board of Directors (reflecting the concerns over the impact of the Pandemic on the business). In the Previous Six Months the Professional Fees of Officers were $144,029 and in the Current Six Months were $152,500. The Professional Fees for the Board of Director’s were $35,000 in the Previous Six Months and in the Current Six Months $80,000. The total of Professional Fees of Officers and Directors were $232,500 in the Current Six Months and £179,029 in the Previous Six Months.

 

In general, the category of “Rent” is not material for the Business as we own the substantial part of the premises and facilities we use to perform our business activities. The current category of rent largely reflects the premises we are using in Copenhagen/Denmark which location has been established to mitigate as far as possible the impact of the United Kingdom withdrawing from the European Union.

 

The Marketing Expenditures in both the Previous Six Month Period and Current Six Month Period do not reflect our typical expenditures in this area. Since the Previous Six Month Period our marketing activities have been severely constrained due to the Pandemic which prevents activities such as travel to customer or attending trade shows. The Marketing expenditures in the Previous Six Month Period were higher than the Current Six Month Period because the Company had incurred expenditures on trade events which were cancelled but for which these amounts were not recovered.

 

Operating Income: Our income from our operating activities in the Current Six Month Period was $2,242,739 as compared to $1,133,060 in the Previous Six Month Period which represents an increase of 97.9%. The increase is largely a reflection of the significant increase in our revenue in the Current Six Month Period. This is due to the increasing normalization of the business environment which in the Previous Six Month Period were significantly constrained due to the Pandemic caused by the associated global lockdowns and general business uncertainties which affected demand for our goods and services. We are seeing an improvement in the business environment although it has not yet returned to pre-Pandemic conditions.

 

Interest Expense: Interest expense in the Current Six Month Period was $28,155 compared to $38,070 in the Previous Six Month Period, representing a reduction of 26%. This is an area that is decreasing due to reduction in the level of secured debentures. The secured debentures mature in December 2021 and we anticipate that all outstanding amounts under the debentures will be satisfied by then. Please refer to Note 11 – Notes Payable to the Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements for further details pertaining to this HSBC NA Loan for more information on this.

 

Other Income: In the Current Six Month Period, we had Other Income of $720,371 as compared to $12,513 in the Previous Six Month Period. The significant amount within Other Income in the Current Six Month Period relates to $648,872 received in January and February by our US subsidiaries under the second round of the US Government Payroll Protection Program (“Second Round PPP”) for payroll assistance during the Pandemic. In the Current Six Month Period the Company has recorded $648,872 as Other Income since it has fully utilized this amount to defray payroll expenses in that period. Under the Program when the amounts are utilized for qualifying expenditures defined under the Program they are then eligible for forgiveness. We have now submitted the application for such forgiveness and as such have recognized these amounts in our financial statements as “Other Income”.

 

Net Income before income taxes: In the Current Six Month Period, we had a net income before income taxes of $2,934,955 as compared to $1,107,503 in the Previous Six Month Period, representing an increase of 165%. This is due to the increase in revenues which results from the increasing normalization of the business environment which in the Previous Six Month Period were significantly constrained due to the Pandemic and the associated lockdowns and general business uncertainties which affected demand for our goods and services. We are seeing an improvement in the business environment although it has not yet returned to pre-Pandemic conditions. In addition, we had $648,872 in Other Income which pertains to the Second Round of PPP funding received by the US Subsidiaries for payroll assistance.

 

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Net Income: In the Current Six Month Period net income increased by 208.5% to $3,336,777 from $1,081,693 in the Previous Six Month Period. This is due to the increase in revenues which results from the increasing normalization of the business environment which in the Previous Six Month Period were significantly constrained due to the Pandemic and the associated lockdowns and general business uncertainties which affected demand for our goods and services. We are seeing an improvement in the business environment although it has not yet returned to pre-Pandemic conditions. In addition, we had $648,872 in Other Income which pertains to the Second Round of PPP funding received by the US Subsidiaries for payroll assistance.

 

Comprehensive Income. In the Current Six Month Period Comprehensive Income was $4,561,102 compared to $612,459 for the Previous Six Month Period, representing an increase of 644.7%. This category is affected by fluctuations in foreign currency exchange transactions. In the Previous Six Month Period we had a loss of ($469,234) on foreign currency translation adjustment transactions compared to a gain on these transactions of $1,224,325 in the Current Six Month Period. A large part of the gain relates to a general stabilization of the British Pound against major currencies following clarity on its ongoing trade relationship with the European Union. This has therefore seen the British Pound consistently strengthening against US Dollar.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

At April 30, 2021, the Company had an accumulated deficit of $20,088,845, working capital of $29,048,997 and stockholders’ equity of $39,266,974. For the Six Months Ended April 30, 2021, the Company’s operating activities provided cash of $434,861.

 

Financing Activities

 

Secured Promissory Note

 

On April 28, 2017, the Company and its wholly-owned US based subsidiaries, Coda Octopus Products, Inc. and Coda Octopus Colmek, Inc. (together, the “Subsidiaries”), entered into a loan agreement with HSBC Bank NA (the “Lender”) for a loan in the principal amount of $8,000,000 (the “Loan”). The annual interest rate is fixed at 4.56%. The obligations in connection with the repayment of the Loan are secured by all assets of Coda Octopus Group, Inc., and its US Subsidiaries. Our foreign subsidiaries are joint and several guarantors of the obligations. We pay a monthly amount of $43,777 comprising repayment of principal and interest. The Note matures in December 2021.

 

The amount outstanding under this loan as of April 30, 2021 is $321,258. We anticipate that this amount will be satisfied in full in December 2021 when it matures.

 

Revolving Credit Line

 

The Company entered into a $4,000,000 revolving line of credit with HSBC NA on November 27, 2019, with interest at the prime rate. The outstanding balance on the line of credit was $0 as of April 30, 2021.

 

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Inflation and Foreign Currency

 

The Company maintains its books in functional currency. In this connection these are:

 

 US Dollars for US Operations;
 British Pound for United Kingdom Operations;
 Danish Kroner for our Danish Operations; and
 Australian Dollars for our Australian Operations.

 

Fluctuations in currency exchange rates can affect the Company’s sales, profitability and financial position when the foreign currencies of its international operations are translated into US. dollars for financial reporting. In addition, we are also subject to currency fluctuation risk with respect to certain foreign currency denominated receivables and payables. The Company cannot predict the extent to which currency fluctuations may affect the Company’s business and financial position, and there is a risk that such fluctuations will have an adverse impact on the Company’s sales, profits and financial position. Also, because differing portions of our revenues and costs are denominated in foreign currency, movements can impact our margins by, for example, decreasing our foreign revenues when the dollar strengthens without correspondingly decreasing our expenses. The Company does not currently hedge its currency exposure.

 

The impact of currency fluctuations on the three months and six months ended April 30, 2021 is shown below. For the purpose of this table “Constant Rates” is defined as the spot rate for balance sheet transactions and weighted average exchange rate prevailing in the Previous Quarter for profit and loss transactions.

 

Table 1: Three Months ended April 30, 2021

 

  British Pounds  Australian Dollar  Danish Kroner  US Dollar 
  Actual  Constant  Actual  Constant  Actual  Constant  Actual  Constant  Total 
  Results  Rates  Results  Rates  Results  Rates  Results  Rates  Effect 
Revenues  7,485,884   7,041,019   -   -   359,941   337,774   7,845,825   7,378,794   467,031 
Costs  4,848,415   4,560,288   (48,829)  (43,751)  311,191   292,027   5,110,777   4,808,563   302,214 
Net profit (losses)  2,637,469   2,480,732   48,829   43,751   48,750   45,748   2,735,048   2,570,231   164,817 
Assets  23,144,586   21,662,181   37,135   33,828   318,776   308,121   23,500,497   22,004,130   1,496,367 
Liabilities  (2,000,099)  (1,871,991)  108   98   (20,917)  (20,218)  (2,020,908)  (1,892,211)  (128,795)
Net assets  21,144,487   19,790,190   37,243   33,927   297,859   287,903   21,479,589   20,112,019   1,367,572 

 

This table shows that the effect of constant exchange rates, versus the actual exchange rate fluctuations, increased our net income on activities in the Current Quarter by $164,817 and increased net assets by $1,367,572. In addition, the Company booked transactional exchange rate losses of $94,664 during the Current Quarter.

 

Table 2: Six Months ended April 30, 2021

 

The impact of currency fluctuations on the six months ended April 30, 2021 is shown below. In this context “Constant Rates” is defined as the spot rate for balance sheet transactions and weighted average exchange rate prevailing in the Previous Quarter for profit and loss transactions.

 

  British Pounds  Australian Dollar  Danish Kroner  US Dollar 
  Actual  Constant  Actual  Constant  Actual  Constant  Actual  Constant  Total 
  Results  Rates  Results  Rates  Results  Rates  Results  Rates  Effect 
Revenues  7,485,884   7,041,019   -   -   359,270   337,145   7,845,154   7,378,164   466,990 
Costs  2,613,261   2,457,962   (48,829)  (43,751)  310,520   291,397   2,874,952   2,705,608   169,344 
Net profit (losses)  4,872,623   4,583,057   48,829   43,751   48,750   45,748   4,970,202   4,672,556   297,646 
Assets  23,144,586   21,662,181   37,135   34,162   318,081   307,449   23,499,802   22,210,494   1,496,011 
Liabilities  (2,000,099)  (1,871,993)  108   99   (11,856)  (11,460)  (2,011,847)  (1,901,302)  (128,493)
Net assets  21,144,487   19,790,188   37,243   34,261   306,225   295,989   21,487,955   20,309,192   1,367,517 

 

This table shows that the effect of constant exchange rates, versus the actual exchange rate fluctuations, increased our net income on activities in the Current Six Months Period by $297,646 and increased net assets by $1,367,517. In addition, the Company booked transactional exchange rate losses of $102,936 during the Current Six Months Period.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements.

 

Item 3. Qualitative and Quantitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

Not required for smaller reporting companies.

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

 

a) Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Disclosure controls and procedures are controls and other procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in the reports that we file or submit under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”) is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in the reports that we file under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive and financial officers, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

 

The Company’s management, under the supervision and with the participation of the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial (and principal accounting) Officer, carried out an evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) of the Exchange Act) as of April 30, 2021. Based upon that evaluation the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of the end of the period covered by this report.

 

(b) Changes in Internal Controls.

 

There was no change in our internal controls over financial reporting that has materially affected, or is reasonable likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting during the quarter covered by this report.

 

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PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

 

From time to time, we may become involved in various lawsuits and legal proceedings which arise in the ordinary course of business. However, litigation is subject to inherent uncertainties, and an adverse result in these or other matters may arise from time to time that may harm our business. We are currently not aware of any such legal proceedings that we believe will have, individually or in the aggregate, a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or operating results.

 

Item 1A. Risks Factors

 

Not required for smaller reporting companies

 

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

 

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities

 

None.

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

 

Not Applicable.

 

Item 5. Other Information

 

Item 6. Exhibits

 

31Certifications of the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a)
  
32Certifications of Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 

101.INSXBRL Instance Document.
  
101.SCHXBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
  
101.CALXBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
  
101.DEFXBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
  
101.LABXBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
  
101.PREXBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

 

38

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

 Coda Octopus Group, Inc. (Registrant)
  
Date: June 14, 2021/s/ Annmarie Gayle
 Annmarie Gayle
 Chief Executive Officer
  
Date: June 14, 2021/s/ Michael Midgley
 Michael Midgley
 Chief Financial Officer

 

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