ESOA Energy Services of America

Filed: 12 Mar 21, 4:50pm


Exhibit 99.1






December 31, 2020







Balance Sheets2
Statements of Income3
Statements of Stockholders’ Equity4
Statements of Cash Flows5
Notes to Financial Statements6









To the Board of Directors

West Virginia Pipeline, Inc.

Princeton, West Virginia


Report on the Financial Statements


We have audited the accompanying financial statements of West Virginia Pipeline, Inc. (the Company), which comprise the balance sheets as of December 31, 2020 and 2019, the related statements of income, stockholders’ equity and cash flows for the years then ended, and the related notes to the financial statements.


Management’s Responsibility for the Financial Statements


Management is responsible for the preparation and fair presentation of these financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America; this includes the design, implementation and maintenance of internal control relevant to the preparation and fair presentation of financial statements that are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error.


Auditor’s Responsibility


Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits. We conducted our audits in accordance with auditing standards generally accepted in the United States of America. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free from material misstatement.


An audit involves performing procedures to obtain audit evidence about the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. The procedures selected depend on the auditor’s judgment, including the assessment of the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to fraud or error. In making those risk assessments, the auditor considers internal control relevant to the entity’s preparation and fair presentation of the financial statements in order to design audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the entity’s internal control. Accordingly, we express no such opinion. An audit also includes evaluating the appropriateness of accounting policies used and the reasonableness of significant accounting estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements.


We believe that the audit evidence we have obtained is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our audit opinion.




In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of West Virginia Pipeline, Inc. as of December 31, 2020 and 2019, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for the years then ended in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.



Charleston, West Virginia
March 2, 2021 








December 31, 2020 and 2019


  2020  2019 
Cash and cash equivalents (Note 1) $332,163  $399,816 
Contract receivables (Note 2)  1,030,719   1,352,925 
Contract assets  -   14,753 
Other current assets  34,192   9,172 
Total current assets  1,397,074   1,776,666 
PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT, net of accumulated depreciation (Note 3)  745,924   959,688 
Total assets $2,142,998  $2,736,354 
Accounts payable $88,636  $211,472 
Accrued expenses  37,721   57,264 
Current maturities of long-term debt (Note 4)  120,829   151,053 
Total current liabilities  247,186   419,789 
LONG-TERM DEBT (Note 4)  15,060   135,750 
Capital stock, common, $100 par value; 500 shares authorized, 408 shares issued and outstanding  40,800   40,800 
Additional paid-in capital in excess of par value  33,225   33,225 
Retained earnings  1,806,727   2,106,790 
Total stockholders' equity  1,880,752   2,180,815 
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity $2,142,998  $2,736,354 








Years Ended December 31, 2020 and 2019


  2020  2019 
CONTRACT REVENUES EARNED $6,126,037  $6,661,532 
COST OF REVENUES  3,899,969   4,152,195 
Gross profit  2,226,068   2,509,337 
Operating income  1,407,808   1,750,266 
Interest income  498   9,252 
Interest expense  (8,680)  (14,956)
Miscellaneous income  311   4,283 
Total other income (expense)  (7,871)  (1,421)
Net income $1,399,937  $1,748,845 








Years Ended December 31, 2020 and 2019


  Common Stock  Paid-in  Retained 
  Shares  Amount  Capital  Earnings 
BALANCE, December 31, 2018  408  $40,800  $33,225  $2,357,945 
S-Corp distributions, $4,901.96 per share  -   -   -   (2,000,000)
Net income  -   -   -   1,748,845 
BALANCE, December 31, 2019  408   40,800   33,225   2,106,790 
S-Corp distributions, $4,166.67 per share  -   -   -   (1,700,000)
Net income  -   -   -   1,399,937 
BALANCE, December 31, 2020  408  $40,800  $33,225  $1,806,727 








Years Ended December 31, 2020 and 2019


  2020  2019 
Net income $1,399,937  $1,748,845 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:        
        Depreciation  304,369   281,147 
Change in current assets and liabilities:        
    (Increase) decrease in:        
        Contract receivables  322,206   8,645 
        Contract assets  14,753   242,914 
        Other current assets  (25,020)  (1,688)
    (Decrease) increase in:        
        Accounts payable  (122,836)  55,100 
        Accrued expenses  (19,543)  30,676 
            Net cash provided by operating activities  1,873,866   2,365,639 
Purchase of property and equipment  (90,605)  (154,676)
            Net cash used in investing activities  (90,605)  (154,676)
Payments on long-term debt  (150,914)  (148,626)
S-Corp distributions  (1,700,000)  (2,000,000)
            Net cash used in financing activities  (1,850,914)  (2,148,626)
            (Decrease) Increase in cash and cash equivalents  (67,653)  62,337 
Beginning  399,816   337,479 
Ending $332,163  $399,816 
Cash payments for interest $8,680  $14,956 





Note 1.Summary of Significant Accounting Policies


Nature of business


West Virginia Pipeline, Inc.’s (the “Company”) revenues are generated primarily from pipeline construction and maintenance on water, sewage, and related facilities. The majority of these water and sewage facilities are owned or operated by public service districts or public utility corporations located in southern West Virginia or southwestern Virginia. Nine contracts with two customers generated 89% of the Company’s revenues in 2020. Eleven contracts with two customers generated 91% of the Company’s revenues in 2019. The Company routinely grants credit to all its customers.


Change in accounting principle and transition


Effective January 1, 2019, the Company adopted Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2014-09 “Revenue from contracts with Customers (Topic 606)” issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB). This ASU supersedes most existing revenue recognition guidance under accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP). The Company adopted the new standard using the modified retrospective approach, which is an allowable practical expedient for efficient implementation, and has applied it only to contracts that were not completed at the date of adoption. Because of pertinent contract modifications being insignificant and because the input-based method of recognition is consistent with previous GAAP, the use of this practical expedient had no material impact on beginning retained earnings or upon the comparability of the financial statements presented.


Contract performance obligation


In all material instances, the Company’s contract performance obligations transfer control to customers over time as services are rendered, rather than at a point in time. Customers are invoiced monthly under standard contract terms with payment typically due within 30 days, except for retainages when applicable. As a practical expedient, the Company’s projects are short-term in duration and of a single performance obligation. Projects are typically less than one year and do not incur material mobilization costs. The Company does not have stored or uninstalled materials as the customers provide all significant materials. The Company does not sell warranties separately from their work performed.  The work performed by the Company is generally unit price or cost plus (time and material) and earned over time.


Variable contract consideration


Contract prices may include variable consideration for change orders, claims, incentive bonuses, and liquidated damages. These occurrences are accounted for as modifications of existing contracts and related performance obligations. We recognize variable consideration at the estimated amount for which the Company will most likely be paid. These estimates are based on assessments of anticipated performance and available information (historical, current and forecasted). Depending upon specific facts and circumstances, there can be prospective changes to estimated revenue.





Note 1.Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)


Recognition of construction revenue and cost


The Company performs long-term construction contracts and maintenance contracts. Revenues on long-term construction contracts are recognized using the percentage of completion method, measured by the cost-to-cost method. Revenues on maintenance contracts are recognized as costs are incurred.


We believe the best measure of contract progress is reflected by the incurrence of direct and indirect costs such as of labor, payroll taxes, materials, subcontracting, fuel and insurance. Ongoing changes in job conditions, performance, and profitability result in corresponding revisions to revenues and costs, which are changes in estimates and accounted for prospectively. If a job in progress is estimated to be significantly unprofitable, the entire loss is recognized immediately. Project costs are recognized as incurred, regardless of our revenue estimates.


For tax purposes, revenues on long-term contracts are recognized using the completed contract method.


Cash and cash equivalents


Cash and cash equivalents consist of deposits with banks and financial institutions which have an original maturity of three months or less.


The Company maintains cash and cash deposits in financial institutions; at times these deposits may exceed federally insured limits. The Company has not experienced any losses in such accounts and believes it is not exposed to any significant credit risk on cash and cash equivalents.


Contract receivables


Contract receivables are stated at the amount we expect to collect from outstanding balances and include unbilled amounts recorded for work performed but not billed until after the year-end date. The Company routinely grants credit to their customers and, although they do not require collateral for the receivables, they may exercise certain lien rights to collect the receivables. As a matter of practice, the Company does not charge interest on past due receivables. Bad debts are assessed by charging uncollectible accounts directly to expense in the year in which they are determined to be uncollectible based on historical experience. Bad debts charged to expense for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, were $-0- for both years. In our opinion, no allowance for uncollectible accounts was needed at December 31, 2020 and 2019.





Note 1.Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)


Property and equipment


Property and equipment are stated at cost. Depreciation expense is calculated using both straight-line and declining balance methods. The depreciation methods are designed to allocate the cost of the assets over their estimated useful lives.


Routine maintenance and repairs are charged to expense as incurred. Repairs that better or extend the lives of property are capitalized and depreciated over the remaining useful life of the property.


Contract Assets


Our contract assets may include cost and estimated earnings in excess of billings that represent amounts earned and reimbursable under contracts, including claim recovery estimates, but have a conditional right for billing and payment such as achievement of milestones or completion of the project. With the exception of customer affirmative claims, generally, such unbilled amounts will become billable according to the contract terms and generally will be billed and collected over the next three months. Settlement with the customer of outstanding affirmative claims is dependent on the claims resolution process and could extend beyond one year. Based on our historical experience, we generally consider the collection risk related to billable amounts to be low. When events or conditions indicate that it is probable that the amounts outstanding become unbillable, the transaction price and associated contract asset is reduced.


Contract Liabilities


Our contract liabilities may consist of provisions for losses and billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings. Provisions for losses are recognized in the consolidated statements of income at the uncompleted performance obligation level for the amount of total estimated losses in the period that evidence indicates that the estimated total cost of a performance obligation exceeds its estimated total revenue. Billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings are billings to customers on contracts in advance of work performed, including advance payments negotiated as a contract condition. Generally, unearned project-related billings will be earned over the next twelve months.


Use of estimates


The preparation of the financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP) requires the Company to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. The Company periodically evaluates estimates used in the preparation of the financial statements for continued reasonableness. Appropriate adjustments, if any, to the estimates used are made prospectively based upon such periodic evaluation. It is reasonably possible that changes may occur in the near term that would affect our estimates. Significant estimates are those relating to the collectability of contract receivables, earnings on long-term contracts, and depreciation. Revisions in estimated contract profits are made in the year in which circumstances requiring the revision become known.





Note 2.Comparative Detail Contract Information


At December 31, 2020  2019 
Accounts receivable:        
   Maintenance contracts $1,030,719  $405,377 
   Contracts in process  -   937,296 
   1,030,719   1,342,673 
   Retainages (all on contracts in progress)  -   10,252 
   Total billed contract receivable $1,030,719  $1,352,925 
   Revenues earned on work in progress $-  $1,866,423 
   Less billings to date  -   1,851,670 
   -   14,753 
   Plus unbilled earnings on completed contracts  -   - 
  $-  $14,753 
Included in the accompanying balance sheets as contract assets:        
   Contract revenues earned in excess of billing $-  $14,753 


At December 31, 2020, 99% of contract receivables outstanding related to nine contracts with two customers.


At December 31, 2019, 84% of contract receivables outstanding related to six contracts with three customers.


Note 3. Property and Equipment


Property and equipment consist of the following:


  2020  2019 
Building improvements $86,104  $86,104 
Vehicles  1,573,601   1,503,401 
Office equipment  11,483   11,483 
Machinery and equipment  3,415,628   3,395,223 
   5,086,816   4,996,211 
Less accumulated depreciation  4,340,892   4,036,523 
  $745,924  $959,688 


Depreciation expense was $304,369 and $281,147 for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.





Note 4. Long-Term Debt


Long-term debt consists of the following:


  2020  2019 
Installment note with an equipment dealer (0.0%), due in monthly installments of $1,255 through December 2022, secured by equipment. $30,121  $45,182 
Installment note with bank (4.69%), due in monthly installments of $9,043 through December 2021, secured by equipment.  105,768   206,612 
Installment note with an equipment dealer (5.0%), due in monthly installments of $3,004, paid off in December 2020, secured by equipment.  -   35,009 
   135,889   286,803 
Portion payable within one year  (120,829)  (151,053)
  $15,060  $135,750 


Maturities of long-term debt are as follows:


2021 $120,829     
2022  15,060     


At December 31, 2020 and 2019, assets pledged as security for debts have a book value of $205,490 and $339,352, respectively.


The Company also has a $750,000 bank line of credit (prime plus 1%, 4.25% at December 31, 2020) that was renewed through October 16, 2021 but then terminated effective December 31, 2020. $500,000 of this line was unsecured and the additional $250,000, if used, would be secured by assets acceptable to the bank. The stockholders of the Company were guarantors on this line. As of December 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company had not utilized any of the line of credit.





Note 5.Income Taxes


The Company has elected to be treated as an S-Corporation under applicable federal and state tax laws. Accordingly, its income is taxable to the stockholders personally rather than corporately and no provision for income taxes is required in these financial statements.


We evaluate the Company’s income tax circumstances and filings under the most current and relevant accounting rules and believes the Company has incurred no liability for uncertain beneficial tax positions (or any related penalties and interest) for periods open to normal jurisdictional examination (currently 2017 through 2020).


The primary difference between financial statement net income and income reported on the tax returns relates to revenues on long-term contracts being recognized using the percent complete method for book versus the completed contract method for tax and the use of accelerated depreciation for tax reporting. If the Company were to have become a C-Corporation at December 31, 2020, these differences would have given rise to immediate recognition of a deferred tax liability of approximately $153,000 which would have been classifiable as non-current.


Because of the differences discussed above, the Company will report approximately $1,200,000 more taxable income to the stockholders than what is reflected in these financial statements.


Note 6.Cross Purchase Agreement


The shareholders have executed a cross purchase agreement that requires either shareholder to offer their stock to the other shareholder prior to selling to a non-shareholder. Should the shareholder not desire to acquire the shares available for sale, then the Company has the next right of refusal. Upon the death of either shareholder, the surviving shareholder is required to purchase the stock owned by the deceased shareholder at an agreed upon value. The agreed upon value is established between the shareholders for the sole purpose of facilitating a harmonious transfer of ownership between current shareholders. As part of that agreement the shareholders annually determine an agreed upon sales price for the purpose of executing this agreement should it be required. This agreement was terminated by the shareholders upon the execution of the sale of the Company’s assets as disclosed in note 12.


Note 7.Employee Retirement Savings Plan


The Company sponsors a 401(k) retirement savings plan, whereby participants may contribute a percentage of compensation. The plan provides for mandatory matching contributions, not to exceed 3%, by the Company. The Company contributed $47,946 and $40,584 for the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.


Note 8.Commitments and Contingencies


The Company is periodically involved in disputes, claims and lawsuits arising in the normal course of business. In our opinion, with the advice of its legal counsel, the ultimate disposition of these matters will not have a material adverse effect on the financial position and the results of operations of the Company.





Note 9.COVID-19


A worldwide COVID-19 coronavirus outbreak began causing major disruptions in the U.S. and global economy in the opening months of 2020. We have analyzed the situation and expect it to be a temporary phenomenon, although considerable uncertainty remains at the report date as to the ultimate depth and duration of the impact on the greater economy. Given the Company’s customer base, we expect no significant contract cancellations, delays or collection issues.


The Company is committed to responding carefully to the most current medical advisories that might impact its workforce including following voluntary and mandated quarantines. As a result of these mandates, the ability to maintain an efficient workforce and the ability to rely on subcontractors to complete current work in process timely could be impacted in the near term. The fact remains however that the overall related financial impact of the outbreak (if any) cannot be reasonably estimated at this time.


Note 10.Revenue Disaggregation


The table below depicts the disaggregation of the Company’s revenue for the years ending December 31, 2020 and 2019.


Water/Sewer Utility, Fixed fee & Cost plus $147,056  $580,874 
Water/Sewer Utility-Unit Pricing  2,883,475   3,657,666 
Gas Utility-Unit Pricing  3,095,506   2,422,992 
Total $6,126,037  $6,661,532 


Note 11.Recently Issued Accounting Standards


Lease accounting


In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02 “Leases” (Topic 842). The new standard dramatically changes the manner in which financial statements present operating lease arrangements by lessees (among other things). The new standard requires entities to reflect operating lease obligations on their balance sheets. Income statement treatment of operating leases will be similar to current GAAP in its impact on profit and loss, although operating lease cost will be recognized primarily as amortization and interest expense, rather than rental expense. For private entities, this standard will be effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2020 (2021 for calendar entities). Early adoption is permitted. We are currently evaluating the effect this new rule will have on the financial statements and has not yet selected the timing of its transition.





Note 12.Subsequent events


The Company’s stockholders agreed to sell certain assets of the Company, as of the close of business on December 31, 2020, to West Virginia Pipeline Acquisition Company, a subsidiary of Energy Services of America Corporation, for $6,215,000 plus assumed liabilities. The sales price was allocated to assets and assumed liabilities as follows:


Cash $250,000 
Goodwill  4,250,000 
Fixed assets  1,565,000 
Covenant not to compete/Customer list  150,000 
Debt assumed  135,899 


The Company received the following as consideration:


Cash paid at closing $3,215,000 
Balloon Promissory Note to Company at 3.25% with 5-year term  3,000,000 
Assumption of liability  135,899 


This transaction has not been reflected on the financial statements as presented as of the close of business on December 31, 2020.


Other subsequent events were evaluated through March 2, 2021, which is the date the financial statements were available to be issued.