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ALGT Allegiant Travel

Filed: 30 Jul 21, 4:00pm

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period endedJune 30, 2021
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from               to            
Commission File Number 001-33166
algt-20210630_g1.jpg
Allegiant Travel Company
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)
Nevada20-4745737
(State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation or Organization)(IRS Employer Identification No.)
1201 North Town Center Drive
Las Vegas,Nevada89144
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)(Zip Code)
Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code: (702) 851-7300

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading SymbolName of each exchange on which registered
Common stock, par value $0.001ALGTNASDAQ Stock Market

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).   Yes   No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes    No

As of July 16, 2021, the registrant had 17,986,507 shares of common stock, $0.001 par value per share, outstanding.



ALLEGIANT TRAVEL COMPANY
FORM 10-Q
TABLE OF CONTENTS
2


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Consolidated Financial Statements
ALLEGIANT TRAVEL COMPANY
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands)
June 30, 2021December 31, 2020
(unaudited)
CURRENT ASSETS 
Cash and cash equivalents$418,448 $152,764 
Restricted cash32,942 17,555 
Short-term investments767,410 532,477 
Accounts receivable175,388 192,215 
Expendable parts, supplies and fuel, net30,194 24,006 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets32,537 24,616 
TOTAL CURRENT ASSETS1,456,919 943,633 
Property and equipment, net2,116,618 2,050,311 
Deferred major maintenance, net145,296 127,463 
Operating lease right-of-use assets, net128,537 115,911 
Deposits and other assets27,336 21,607 
TOTAL ASSETS:$3,874,706 $3,258,925 
CURRENT LIABILITIES
Accounts payable$57,143 $34,197 
Accrued liabilities182,914 116,093 
Current operating lease liabilities16,940 14,313 
Air traffic liability436,728 307,508 
Current maturities of long-term debt and finance lease obligations, net of related costs144,382 217,234 
TOTAL CURRENT LIABILITIES838,107 689,345 
Long-term debt and finance lease obligations, net of current maturities and related costs1,441,083 1,441,777 
Deferred income taxes310,700 301,763 
Noncurrent operating lease liabilities114,761 102,289 
Other noncurrent liabilities22,921 24,388 
TOTAL LIABILITIES:2,727,572 2,559,562 
SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
Common stock, par value $0.00125 23 
Treasury shares(642,177)(646,008)
Additional paid in capital671,893 329,753 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss, net(125)(27)
Retained earnings1,117,518 1,015,622 
TOTAL EQUITY:1,147,134 699,363 
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY:$3,874,706 $3,258,925 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
3


ALLEGIANT TRAVEL COMPANY
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(in thousands, except per share amounts)
 (unaudited)
 Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
 2021202020212020
OPERATING REVENUES:
Passenger$443,747 $116,520 $700,441 $495,431 
Third party products23,001 8,443 36,622 24,419 
Fixed fee contracts5,134 3,237 12,827 12,156 
Other551 5,147 1,667 10,522 
   Total operating revenues472,433 133,347 751,557 542,528 
OPERATING EXPENSES:
Salary and benefits121,906 94,790 239,856 207,436 
Aircraft fuel109,456 27,358 192,305 116,171 
Station operations57,210 27,405 100,303 68,405 
Depreciation and amortization44,522 43,296 87,696 86,995 
Maintenance and repairs22,597 13,032 45,968 34,827 
Sales and marketing17,632 8,909 29,241 27,364 
Aircraft lease rental5,117 1,427 9,837 2,389 
Other15,501 23,752 33,276 50,468 
Payroll Support Programs grant recognition(61,213)(74,539)(152,971)(74,539)
Special charges854 81,169 2,592 247,267 
   Total operating expenses333,582 246,599 588,103 766,783 
OPERATING INCOME (LOSS)138,851 (113,252)163,454 (224,255)
OTHER (INCOME) EXPENSES:
Interest expense16,720 14,053 33,508 32,206 
Capitalized interest(4,067)
Interest income(500)(1,417)(963)(3,728)
Loss on debt extinguishment71 71 1,222 
Special charges19,830 26,632 
Other, net(11)698 (404)623 
   Total other expenses16,280 33,164 32,212 52,888 
INCOME (LOSS) BEFORE INCOME TAXES122,571 (146,416)131,242 (277,143)
INCOME TAX PROVISION (BENEFIT)27,544 (53,313)29,346 (151,030)
NET INCOME (LOSS)$95,027 $(93,103)$101,896 $(126,113)
Earnings (loss) per share to common shareholders:
Basic$5.49 $(5.85)$6.04 $(7.93)
Diluted$5.49 $(5.85)$6.04 $(7.93)
Shares used for computation:
Basic17,064 15,902 16,618 15,927 
Diluted17,073 15,902 16,632 15,927 
Cash dividends declared per share:$$$$0.70 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
4


ALLEGIANT TRAVEL COMPANY
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
 
 Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
 2021202020212020
NET INCOME (LOSS)$95,027 $(93,103)$101,896 $(126,113)
Other comprehensive income (loss):  
Change in available for sale securities, net of tax(126)1,057 (98)324 
Foreign currency translation adjustments(8)
Total other comprehensive income (loss)(126)1,049 (98)327 
TOTAL COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)$94,901 $(92,054)$101,798 $(125,786)

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
5


ALLEGIANT TRAVEL COMPANY
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
Three Months Ended June 30, 2021
Common stock outstandingPar valueAdditional paid-in capitalAccumulated other comprehensive income (loss)Retained earningsTreasury sharesTotal shareholders' equity
Balance at March 31, 202116,416 $23 $333,147 $$1,022,491 $(646,008)$709,654 
Share-based compensation— 3,504 — — — 3,504 
Issuance of common stock, net of forfeitures1,553 335,137 — — — 335,139 
Stock issued under employee stock purchase plan16 — — — — 3,831 3,831 
Other comprehensive income— — — (126)— — (126)
Payroll Support Programs warrant issuance— — 105 — — — 105 
Net income— — — — 95,027 — 95,027 
Balance at June 30, 202117,986 $25 $671,893 $(125)$1,117,518 $(642,177)$1,147,134 

Six Months Ended June 30, 2021
Common stock outstandingPar valueAdditional paid-in capitalAccumulated other comprehensive income (loss)Retained earningsTreasury sharesTotal shareholders' equity
Balance at December 31, 202016,405 $23 $329,753 $(27)0$1,015,622 $(646,008)$699,363 
Share-based compensation12 — 6,898 — — — 6,898 
Issuance of common stock, net of forfeitures1,553 335,137 — — — 335,139 
Stock issued under employee stock purchase plan16 — — — — 3,831 3,831 
Other comprehensive loss— — — (98)— — (98)
Payroll Support Programs warrant issuance— — 105 — — — 105 
Net income— — — — 101,896 — 101,896 
Balance at June 30, 202117,986 $25 $671,893 $(125)$1,117,518 $(642,177)$1,147,134 











6


Three Months Ended June 30, 2020
Common stock outstandingPar valueAdditional paid-in capitalAccumulated other comprehensive income (loss)Retained earningsTreasury sharesTotal shareholders' equity
Balance at March 31, 202016,199 $23 $295,267 $(624)$1,166,588 $(651,352)$809,902 
Share-based compensation— — 14,409 — — — 14,409 
Shares issued under employee stock purchase plan41 — — — — 3,234 3,234 
Cash dividends, $0.70 per share— — — — 117 — 117 
Other comprehensive income— — — 1,049 — — 1,049 
Payroll Support Programs warrant issuance— — 952 — — — 952 
Net loss— — — — (93,103)— $(93,103)
Balance at June 30, 202016,240 $23 $310,628 $425 $1,073,602 $(648,118)$736,560 

Six Months Ended June 30, 2020
Common stock outstandingPar valueAdditional paid-in capitalAccumulated other comprehensive incomeRetained earningsTreasury sharesTotal shareholders' equity
Balance at December 31, 201916,303 $23 $289,933 $98 $1,211,076 $(617,579)$883,551 
Share-based compensation113 — 19,743 — — — 19,743 
Shares repurchased by the Company and held as treasury shares(217)— — — — (33,773)(33,773)
Stock issued under employee stock purchase plan41 — — — — 3,234 3,234 
Cash dividends, $0.70 per share— — — — (11,361)— (11,361)
Other comprehensive income— — — 327 — — 327 
Payroll Support Programs warrant issuance— — 952 — — — 952 
Net loss— — — — (126,113)— (126,113)
Balance at June 30, 202016,240 $23 $310,628 $425 $1,073,602 $(648,118)$736,560 
7


ALLEGIANT TRAVEL COMPANY
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in thousands)
(unaudited)
 Six Months Ended June 30,
 20212020
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net income (loss)$101,896 $(126,113)
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization87,696 86,995 
Special charges2,592 263,497 
Other adjustments18,184 81,630 
Changes in certain assets and liabilities:
Air traffic liability129,220 104,785 
Deferred Payroll Support Programs grant recognition49,210 62,814 
Other - net16,175 (196,942)
Net cash provided by operating activities404,973 276,666 
Cash flows from investing activities:
Purchase of investment securities(673,722)(296,979)
Proceeds from maturities of investment securities436,364 258,751 
Purchase of property and equipment(134,484)(170,673)
Proceeds from sale-leaseback transactions48,000 
Other investing activities2,443 2,303 
Net cash used in investing activities(369,399)(158,598)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Cash dividends paid to shareholders(11,361)
Proceeds from the issuance of debt and finance lease obligations106,657 175,712 
Repurchase of common stock(33,773)
Principal payments on debt and finance lease obligations(199,627)(98,171)
Debt issuance costs(606)(2,852)
Proceeds from issuance of common stock335,137 
Other financing activities3,936 3,234 
Net cash provided by financing activities245,497 32,789 
NET CHANGE IN CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS, AND RESTRICTED CASH281,071 150,857 
CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS, AND RESTRICTED CASH AT BEGINNING OF PERIOD170,319 136,785 
CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS, AND RESTRICTED CASH AT END OF PERIOD$451,390 $287,642 
CASH PAYMENTS (RECEIPTS) FOR:
Interest paid, net of amount capitalized$26,379 $26,065 
Income tax payments (refunds)4,873 (45,321)
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF NONCASH TRANSACTIONS:
Right-of-use (ROU) assets acquired$23,157 $86,012 
Flight equipment acquired under finance leases13,833 
Purchases of property and equipment in accrued liabilities5,088 22,106 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
8


ALLEGIANT TRAVEL COMPANY
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(unaudited)

Note 1 — Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Allegiant Travel Company (the “Company”) and its majority-owned operating subsidiaries. The Company's investments in unconsolidated affiliates, which are 50 percent or less owned, are accounted for under the equity or cost method, and are insignificant to the consolidated financial statements. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated.

These unaudited consolidated financial statements reflect all normal recurring adjustments which management believes are necessary to present fairly the financial position, results of operations, and cash flows of the Company for the respective periods presented. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in the annual consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("U.S. GAAP") have been omitted pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission for Form 10-Q. These unaudited interim consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements of the Company and notes thereto included in the annual report of the Company on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 and filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities, at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results may differ from these estimates.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

On December 18, 2019, the FASB issued ASU No. 2019-12, Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes. The standard simplifies the accounting and disclosure requirements for income taxes by clarifying existing guidance to improve consistency in application of Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") 740. The standard also removes the requirement to calculate income tax expense for the stand-alone financial statements of wholly-owned subsidiaries. The standard is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2020, with early adoption permitted in any interim period within that year. The Company adopted this accounting standard prospectively as of January 1, 2021, and it did not have a significant impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements.
9


Note 2 — Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic

The rapid spread of COVID-19 and the related government restrictions, social distancing measures, and consumer fears have impacted flight loads, resulted in unprecedented cancellations of bookings and substantially reduced demand for new bookings throughout the airline industry. Starting in March 2020, the Company experienced a severe reduction in air travel, which continued through the first quarter of 2021. Demand in the foreseeable future will continue to be affected by fluctuations in COVID-19 cases, variants, hospitalizations, deaths, treatment efficacy and the availability of vaccines. The Company is continuously reevaluating flight schedules and adjusting capacity based on demand trends.

On December 27, 2020, the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2021 (the "Payroll Support Program Extension") was signed into law. This Payroll Support Program Extension provides an additional $15.0 billion in support to the airline industry. On January 15, 2021, the Company through its airline operating subsidiary Allegiant Air, LLC entered into a Payroll Support Program Extension Agreement (the “PSP2”) with the Treasury and received $91.8 million under the Payroll Support Program Extension. The funds were used exclusively for wages, salaries and benefits.

In April 2021, the Company received $13.8 million in additional funds related to the PSP2 which included a loan of $1.7 million. In consideration for these additional funds, the Company issued additional warrants ( the "PSP2 Warrants") to the Treasury to acquire 924 shares of common stock at a price of $179.23 per share (based on the price of the Company's common stock on the Nasdaq Global Select Market on December 24, 2020).

In April 2021, the Company through its airline operating subsidiary Allegiant Air, LLC entered into a Payroll Support Program 3 Agreement (the "PSP3") with the Treasury under section 7301 of the American Rescue Plan Act of 2021. The Company received a total of $98.4 million in second quarter 2021. The funds must be used exclusively for wages, salaries and benefits.

Based on the Company's assumptions about the future impact of COVID-19 on travel demand, which could be materially different due to the inherent uncertainties of the current operating environment, the Company expects to meet its cash obligations as well as remain in compliance with the debt covenants in its existing financing agreements for the next 12 months based on its current level of unrestricted cash and short-term investments, its anticipated access to liquidity and tax refunds, and projected cash flows from operations.

Special Charges

The table below summarizes special charges recorded during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, and 2020.
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
(in thousands)2021202020212020
Operating$854 $81,169 $2,592 $247,267 
Non-operating19,830 26,632 
Total special charges$854 $100,999 $2,592 $273,899 

Additional detail for the $2.6 million of total special charges for the six months ended June 30, 2021 appears below:

$2.1 million resulting from the accelerated retirements of 4 airframes and 6 engines
$0.5 million impairment loss on a building in Chesterfield, Missouri associated with the Allegiant Nonstop family entertainment line of business.

Additional detail for the $273.9 million of total special charges (operating and non-operating) for the six months ended June 30, 2020 appears below:

$168.4 million in impairment charges primarily in our non-airline subsidiaries
$58.6 million resulting from the accelerated retirement of 7 airframes and 5 engines, loss on sale leaseback transaction of 4 aircraft, and write-offs of other aircraft related assets
$19.7 million for additional salary and benefits expense in relation to the elimination of positions as well as other non-recurring compensation expense associated with the acceleration of certain existing stock awards
$19.8 million accrual on termination of the loan agreement with Sixth Street Partners (formerly TSSP) intended to finance the development of Sunseeker Resorts Charlotte Harbor, which was paid in the second half of 2020
$5.0 million related to suspension of construction at Sunseeker
$2.4 million write-down on various non-aircraft assets and other various expenses
10


Note 3 — Revenue Recognition

Passenger Revenue

Passenger revenue is the most significant category in the Company's reported operating revenues, as outlined below:
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
(in thousands)2021202020212020
Scheduled service$225,613 $48,680 $357,540 $245,941 
Ancillary air-related charges213,445 65,294 334,518 242,258 
Co-brand redemptions4,689 2,546 8,383 7,232 
Total passenger revenue$443,747 $116,520 $700,441 $495,431 

Sales of passenger tickets not yet flown are recorded in air traffic liability. Passenger revenue is recognized when transportation is provided or when ticket voucher breakage occurs, to the extent different from estimated breakage. As of June 30, 2021, approximately 69.8 percent of the air traffic liability balance was related to forward bookings, with the remaining 30.2 percent related to credit vouchers for future travel.

The normal contract term of passenger tickets is 12 months and revenue associated with future travel will principally be recognized within this time frame. $150.4 million of the $307.5 million that was recorded in the air traffic liability balance as of December 31, 2020 was recognized into passenger revenue during the six months ended June 30, 2021.

In 2020, the Company announced that credits issued for canceled travel beginning in January 2020 would have an extended expiration date of two years from the original booking date. This policy continued for bookings through June 30, 2021. This change has been considered in estimating the future breakage rate, which represents the value of credit vouchers that are not expected to be redeemed prior to their contractual expiration date. Estimates of revenue to be recognized from air traffic liability for credit vouchers may be subject to variability and differ from historical experience due to the change in contract duration and uncertainty regarding demand for future air travel. Effective July 1, 2021, vouchers issued have an expiration date of one year from the original booking date.


Co-brand redemptions

In relation to the travel component of the co-branded credit card contract with Bank of America, the Company has a performance obligation to provide cardholders with points to be used for future travel award redemptions. Therefore, consideration received from Bank of America related to the travel component is deferred based on its relative selling price and is recognized into passenger revenue when the points are redeemed and the transportation is provided.

The following table presents the activity of the co-brand point liability for the periods indicated:
Six Months Ended June 30,
(in thousands)20212020
Balance at January 1$21,841 $15,613 
Points awarded (deferral of revenue)10,696 10,962 
Points redeemed (recognition of revenue)(8,383)(7,232)
Balance at June 30$24,154 $19,343 

As of June 30, 2021 and 2020, $11.7 million and $12.4 million, respectively, of the current points liability is reflected in accrued liabilities and represents the current estimate of revenue to be recognized in the next 12 months based on historical trends, with the remaining balance reflected in other noncurrent liabilities expected to be recognized into revenue in periods thereafter.
11


Note 4 — Property and Equipment

The following table summarizes the Company's property and equipment as of the dates indicated:
(in thousands)June 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Flight equipment, including pre-delivery deposits$2,429,482 $2,331,499 
Computer hardware and software154,248 149,727 
Land and buildings/leasehold improvements (1)
87,116 87,030 
Other property and equipment82,613 80,601 
Total property and equipment2,753,459 2,648,857 
Less accumulated depreciation and amortization(636,841)(598,546)
Property and equipment, net$2,116,618 $2,050,311 
(1) Balance includes a building currently held for sale in Chesterfield, Missouri with a carrying value of $4.3 million

Accrued capital expenditures as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 were $5.1 million and $16.9 million, respectively.

12


Note 5 — Long-Term Debt

The following table summarizes the Company's Long-term debt and finance lease obligations as of the dates indicated:
(in thousands)June 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Fixed-rate debt and finance lease obligations due through 2030$621,750 $525,240 
Variable-rate debt due through 2029963,715 1,133,771 
Total long-term debt and finance lease obligations, net of related costs1,585,465 1,659,011 
Less current maturities, net of related costs144,382 217,234 
Long-term debt and finance lease obligations, net of current maturities and related costs$1,441,083 $1,441,777 
Weighted average fixed-interest rate on debt5.7%5.7%
Weighted average variable-interest rate on debt2.5%2.4%

Maturities of long-term debt and finance lease obligations for the remainder of 2021 and for the next four years and thereafter, in the aggregate, are: remaining in 2021 - $75.8 million; 2022 - $131.9 million; 2023 - $132.5 million; 2024 - $802.3 million; 2025 - $85.4 million; and $357.6 million thereafter.

Senior Secured Revolving Credit Facility

In March 2021, the Company entered into a new revolving credit facility under which it is entitled to borrow up to $50.0 million. The facility has a term of 24 months and the borrowing ability is based on the value of the Airbus A320 series aircraft placed into the collateral pool. The notes for amounts borrowed under the facility bear interest at a floating rate based on LIBOR and are due in March 2023. As of June 30, 2021, 0 aircraft collateral had been added to the collateral pool and the facility was undrawn.

13


Note 6 — Income Taxes

The Company recorded an effective tax rate of 22.5 percent and 36.4 percent for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The effective tax rate for the three months ended June 30, 2021 differed from the statutory Federal income tax rate of 21.0 percent primarily due to state income taxes and the impact of ASU 2016-09 related to share-based payments. The effective tax rate for the three months ended June 30, 2020 differed from the statutory federal income tax rate of 21.0 percent primarily due to the tax accounting impact of the CARES Act which allowed the Company to carryback the 2020 net operating loss at the 35.0 percent rate applicable in earlier years. While the Company expects its effective tax rate to be fairly consistent in the near term, it will vary depending on recurring items such as the amount of income earned in each state and the state tax rate applicable to such income. Discrete items during interim periods may also affect the Company's tax rates.

The Company recorded an effective tax rate of 22.4 percent and 54.5 percent for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The effective tax rate for the six months ended June 30, 2021 differed from the statutory Federal income tax rate of 21.0 percent primarily due to state income taxes and the impact of ASU 2016-09 related to share-based payments. The 54.5 percent effective tax rate for the six months ended June 30, 2020 differed from the statutory federal income tax rate of 21.0 percent primarily due to the tax accounting impact of the CARES Act which included a $39.6 million discrete federal income tax benefit related to the full utilization of 2018 and 2019 net operating losses as well as the ability to carryback the 2020 net operating loss at a 35.0 percent rate applicable in earlier years.
14


Note 7 — Leases

The Company evaluates all operating leases and they are measured on the balance sheet with a lease liability and right-of-use asset (“ROU”) at inception. ROU assets represent the Company’s right to use an underlying asset for the lease term, and lease liabilities represent the obligation to make scheduled lease payments. Airport terminal leases mostly include variable lease payments outside of those based on a fixed index, and are therefore not recorded as ROU assets.

The following table summarizes the Company's total assets and liabilities related to leases as of the dates indicated:
(in thousands)Classification on the Balance SheetJune 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Assets
Operating lease assets(1)
Operating lease right-of-use assets$128,537 $115,911 
Finance lease assets(2)
Property and equipment, net239,019 133,175 
Total lease assets$367,556 $249,086 
Liabilities
Current
Operating(1)
Current operating lease liabilities$16,940 $14,313 
Finance(2)
Current maturities of long-term debt and finance lease obligations13,835 9,767 
Noncurrent
Operating(1)
Noncurrent operating lease liabilities114,761 102,289 
Finance(2)
Long-term debt and finance lease obligations225,039 117,060 
Total lease liabilities$370,575 $243,429 
(1) Represents assets and liabilities of 16 aircraft, office equipment, certain airport and terminal facilities, and other assets under operating leases
(2) The June 30, 2021 number represents assets and liabilities of 10 aircraft under finance leases

Sale-Leaseback Transaction

During the six months ended June 30, 2021, the Company entered into a sale-leaseback transaction involving 3 aircraft and generating $105.0 million of proceeds. The lease was classified as a finance lease and as a result, the transaction did not qualify as a sale. The aircraft were not removed from property and equipment in the Company's balance sheet and the Company recorded a financial liability in the amount of $105.0 million. The proceeds from this transaction are treated as cash inflows from finance lease obligations and reported in financing activities on the statement of cash flows.
15


Note 8 — Fair Value Measurements

The Company utilizes the market approach to measure the fair value of its financial assets. The market approach uses prices and other relevant information generated by market transactions involving identical or comparable assets. The assets classified as Level 2 primarily utilize quoted market prices or alternative pricing sources including transactions involving identical or comparable assets and models utilizing market observable inputs for valuation of these securities. No changes in valuation techniques or inputs occurred during the six months ended June 30, 2021.

Financial instruments measured at fair value on a recurring basis:
June 30, 2021December 31, 2020
(in thousands)TotalLevel 1Level 2TotalLevel 1Level 2
Cash equivalents   
Money market funds$157,320 $157,320 $$5,340 $5,340 $
Municipal debt securities78,996 78,996 34,338 34,338 
Commercial Paper66,292 66,292 48,908 48,908 
Federal agency debt securities51,400 51,400 
Total cash equivalents302,608 157,320 145,288 139,986 5,340 134,646 
Short-term     
Commercial paper345,809 345,809 229,821 229,821 
Corporate debt securities217,631 217,631 166,768 166,768 
Municipal debt securities178,870 178,870 87,290 87,290 
Federal agency debt securities25,100 25,100 48,598 48,598 
Total short-term767,410 767,410 532,477 532,477 
Total financial instruments$1,070,018 $157,320 $912,698 $672,463 $5,340 $667,123 

None of the Company's debt is publicly held and as a result, the Company has determined the estimated fair value of these notes to be Level 3. Certain inputs used to determine fair value are unobservable and, therefore, could be sensitive to changes in inputs. The Company utilizes the discounted cash flow method to estimate the fair value of Level 3 debt.

Carrying value and estimated fair value of long-term debt, including current maturities and without reduction for related costs, are as follows:
June 30, 2021December 31, 2020
(in thousands)Carrying ValueEstimated Fair ValueCarrying ValueEstimated Fair ValueHierarchy Level
Non-publicly held debt$1,366,042 $1,170,576 $1,555,637 $1,191,008 3

Due to their short-term nature, the carrying amounts of cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash, accounts receivable and accounts payable approximate fair value.

16


Note 9 — Earnings (Loss) per Share

Basic and diluted earnings (loss) per share are computed pursuant to the two-class method. Under this method, the Company attributes net income (loss) to two classes: common stock and unvested restricted stock. Unvested restricted stock awards granted to employees under the Company’s Long-Term Incentive Plan are considered participating securities as they receive non-forfeitable rights to cash dividends at the same rate as common stock.

Diluted net income per share is calculated using the more dilutive of the two methods. Under both methods, the exercise of employee stock options is assumed using the treasury stock method. The assumption of vesting of restricted stock, however, differs:

1.Assume vesting of restricted stock using the treasury stock method.

2.Assume unvested restricted stock awards are not vested, and allocate earnings to common shares and unvested restricted stock awards using the two-class method.

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, the second method was used because it was more dilutive than the first method.

The following table sets forth the computation of net income (loss) per share, on a basic and diluted basis, for the periods indicated (share count and dollar amounts other than per-share amounts in the table are in thousands):
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
2021202020212020
Basic:  
Net income (loss)$95,027 $(93,103)$101,896 $(126,113)
Less income allocated to participating securities(1,285)(1,451)(236)
Net income (loss) attributable to common stock$93,742 $(93,103)$100,445 $(126,349)
Earnings (loss) per share, basic$5.49 $(5.85)$6.04 $(7.93)
Weighted-average shares outstanding17,064 15,902 16,618 15,927 
Diluted:    
Net income (loss)$95,027 $(93,103)$101,896 $(126,113)
Less income allocated to participating securities(1,284)(1,449)(236)
Net income (loss) attributable to common stock$93,743 $(93,103)$100,447 $(126,349)
Earnings (loss) per share, diluted$5.49 $(5.85)$6.04 $(7.93)
Weighted-average shares outstanding17,064 15,902 16,618 15,927 
Dilutive effect of stock options and restricted stock123 128 
Adjusted weighted-average shares outstanding under treasury stock method17,187 15,902 16,746 15,927 
Participating securities excluded under two-class method(114)(114)
Adjusted weighted-average shares outstanding under two-class method17,073 15,902 16,632 15,927 
17


Note 10 — Contingencies

The Company is subject to certain legal and administrative actions it considers routine to its business activities. The Company believes the ultimate outcome of any potential and pending legal or administrative matters will not have a material adverse impact on its financial position, liquidity or results of operations.

18


Note 11 — Subsequent Events

Through a wholly-owned subsidiary, the Company executed Conditional Sale Agreements (CSA’s) on July 26, 2021 through Air Lease Corporation for 10 Airbus A320 series aircraft. These 10 aircraft are expected to be delivered to the Company between November 2021 and July 2022. Each CSA has a term of 123 months and provides for monthly payments and a purchase option exercisable at the expiration of the term. Upon delivery, the CSA’s will be recorded as finance leases on the Company’s financial statements.

The Company has announced the recommencement of the construction of its Sunseeker Resort in Southwest Florida. The Company expects to finance the balance of the construction cost and complete the Resort by early 2023.
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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following discussion and analysis presents factors that had a material effect on our results of operations during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020. Also discussed is our financial position as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020. You should read this discussion in conjunction with our unaudited consolidated financial statements, including the notes thereto, appearing elsewhere in this Form 10-Q and our consolidated financial statements appearing in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020. This discussion and analysis contains forward-looking statements. Please refer to the section below entitled “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” for a discussion of the uncertainties, risks and assumptions associated with these statements.

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Second Quarter 2021 Review
Highlights:

Earnings per share of $5.49 as the PSP funds augmented our first net profit since the onset of the pandemic
Restored capacity to pre-pandemic levels with scheduled service capacity up 4.5 percent versus second quarter of 2019
Continued sequential quarterly improvement in total revenue with second quarter 2021 total revenue up 69.3 percent from the first quarter 2021
Total cash and investments at June 30, 2021 were $1.2 billion, up from $685 million at December 31, 2020
21


AIRCRAFT

The following table sets forth the aircraft in service and operated by us as of the dates indicated:
June 30, 2021December 31, 2020
A31935 34 
A320(1)
68 61 
Total103 95 
(1) Does not include seven aircraft of which we have taken delivery, but were not yet in service as of June 30, 2021.



22


NETWORK

As of June 30, 2021, we were selling 607 routes versus 519 as of the same date last year and 459 as of June 30, 2019, which represents a 17.0 and 32.2 percent increase, respectively. Our total number of origination cities and leisure destinations (for operating routes) were 97 and 32, respectively, as of June 30, 2021.

Our unique model is predicated around expanding and contracting capacity to meet seasonal travel demands. We maintained a broad network and selling presence during the pandemic and have grown our network as air travel is recovering. We consistently monitor flights to assess for cash profitability.

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TRENDS

The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly impacted our operating results for the three and six months ending June 30, 2021 and may continue to do so into the future. Our load factors are down significantly as a result. We cannot predict when air travel will return to customary levels or at what pace. In the meantime, our revenues will be adversely affected. We believe that demand in the foreseeable future will continue to fluctuate in response to fluctuations in COVID-19 cases, variants of the virus, hospitalizations, deaths, treatment efficacy, the availability of vaccines, CDC recommendations, and government restrictions.
Despite the pandemic and airline industry challenges, since the beginning of 2021 and through June 30, 2021, we have announced service on 95 new routes and to eight new cities, including seasonal and temporary routes. We will continue to manage capacity to meet demand, which we believe is a core strength of our business model.
We plan to continue to grow our aircraft fleet and route network and have executed agreements to acquire 21 incremental aircraft year-to-date. Our future profitability will be affected by the success of our growth initiatives.

Noncontrollable and controllable factors have contributed to a higher than normal level of cancellations during peak periods during and after second quarter 2021 and have resulted in increased irregular operations costs. The noncontrollable factors include weather, TSA delays generally and particularly at smaller airports and airport overcrowding. Controllable issues relate to various aspects of our operations as we had to readjust to providing peak capacity during the summer while also facing a number of external issues as indicated above. We believe many airlines are suffering from these problems at this time. We are working to resolve the controllable issues, but if these problems persist, we may suffer reputational damage and incur higher costs for irregular operations.

We have announced the recommencement of the construction of its Sunseeker Resort in Southwest Florida. We expect to finance the balance of the construction cost and complete the Resort by early 2023.
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RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Comparison of three months ended June 30, 2021 to three months ended June 30, 2020

As comparisons of our 2021 results to periods during 2020 reflect disproportionate changes due to the impact of the pandemic on air travel, we have also provided analysis of certain revenue and expense line items to 2019 results where helpful to understand trends in our performance.

Operating Revenue

Passenger revenue. For the second quarter 2021, passenger revenue increased 280.8 percent compared to the same period in 2020. This increase was due to a significant decline in passenger demand related to COVID-19 during the second quarter 2020. Revenue in the second quarter 2021 was favorably impacted by estimates of breakage on vouchers whose expiration was extended as a result of the pandemic. Scheduled service passengers were up 190.7 percent and scheduled service average base fare was up 54.7 percent.

Passenger revenue for the second quarter 2021, as compared to second quarter 2019, decreased by 2.4 percent, as load factor decreased by 13 percentage points resulting in a 10.9 percent decline in scheduled service passengers. The impact of lower loads was partially offset by a 7.2 percent increase in average base fare over the same period in 2019.

Air ancillary average fare for the second quarter 2021 increased by 12.5 percent when compared to 2020 and 12.2 percent when compared to 2019.

Third party products revenue. Third party products revenue for the second quarter 2021 increased 172.4 percent compared to the second quarter 2020 and 26.3 percent compared to the second quarter 2019. The increase from 2020 is primarily the result of greater travel demand for rental cars and hotels than during the early part of the pandemic. The increase from 2019 is attributable to increased rental car rates and growth in our co-branded credit card revenues.

Fixed fee contract revenue. Fixed fee contract revenue for the second quarter 2021 increased 58.6 percent compared to the same period in 2020 as a result of a 21.8 percent increase in related departures due to increased charter activity.

Fixed fee contract revenue for the second quarter 2021, as compared to 2019, decreased by 58.9 percent due to continuing depressed demand for group charters resulting from the pandemic.

Other revenue. Other revenue decreased 89.3 percent for the second quarter 2021 from the same period in 2020. The decrease was due to decreased activity in the non-airline subsidiaries.


Operating Expenses

We primarily evaluate our expense management by comparing our costs per available seat mile (ASM) across different periods, which enables us to assess trends in each expense category. The following table presents unit costs on a per ASM basis, or CASM, for the indicated periods. Excluding fuel on a per ASM basis provides management and investors the ability to measure and monitor our cost performance absent fuel price volatility. Both the cost and availability of fuel are subject to many economic and political factors beyond our control.
 Three Months Ended June 30,Percent Change
Unitized costs (in cents)202120202019YoYYo2Y
Salary and benefits2.65 4.27 2.55 (37.9)%3.9 %
Aircraft fuel2.38 1.23 2.70 93.5 (11.9)
Station operations1.25 1.23 1.03 1.6 21.4 
Depreciation and amortization0.97 1.95 0.87 (50.3)11.5 
Maintenance and repairs0.49 0.59 0.47 (16.9)4.3 
Sales and marketing0.38 0.40 0.46 (5.0)(17.4)
Aircraft lease rentals0.11 0.06 — 83.3 NM
Other0.34 1.07 0.55 (68.2)(38.2)
Payroll Support Programs grant recognition(1.33)(3.36)— (60.4)NM
Operating special charges0.02 3.66 — (99.5)NM
CASM7.26 11.10 8.63 (34.6)(15.9)
Operating CASM, excluding fuel4.88 9.87 5.93 (50.6)(17.7)
NM - Not meaningful
25



Salary and benefits expense. Salary and benefits expense increased $27.1 million, or 28.6 percent, for the second quarter 2021 when compared to the same period in 2020. Although the average number of full time equivalent employees decreased 5.6 percent year over year, overall expense increased due to temporary voluntary leave programs offered to employees, voluntary pay reductions, and suspension of the bonus accrual during the second quarter 2020.

When compared to the same period in 2019, salaries and benefits expense increased by $8.3 million or 7.3 percent on a relatively flat number of full time equivalent employees year over two year. On a per ASM basis, salary and benefits expense increased only 3.92 percent. The per ASM cost increase relates to annual increases in crew pay.

Aircraft fuel expense. Aircraft fuel expense increased $82.1 million, or 300.1 percent, for the second quarter 2021 compared to second quarter 2020. This is primarily due to the recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic driving increased capacity resulting in a 119.7 percent increase in fuel gallons consumed on a 108.8 percent increase in departures and an 82.0 percent increase in average fuel cost per gallon which was depressed during the pandemic.

When compared to the same period in 2019, aircraft fuel expense decreased by 8.8 percent, which is in line with the decrease in average fuel cost per gallon of 9.0 percent.

Station operations expense. Station operations expense for the second quarter 2021 increased $29.8 million, or 108.8 percent compared to the same period in 2020 primarily due to increased departures of 108.8 percent.

Compared to the same period in 2019, station operations expense increased by $11.3 million or 24.7 percent. This increase is due an increase in departures of 3.1 percent and increased costs associated with irregular operations.

Depreciation and amortization expense. Depreciation and amortization expense for the second quarter 2021 increased by 2.8 percent as compared to the second quarter 2020 as the average number of aircraft in service increased 12.2 percent year over year.

Maintenance and repairs expense. Maintenance and repairs expense for the second quarter 2021 increased $9.6 million, or 73.4 percent, compared to the same period in 2020. Routine maintenance costs increased as aircraft utilization was up 97.4 percent during the quarter and we incurred incremental costs preparing our fleet to operate at full capacity again.

Compared to the same period in 2019, maintenance and repairs expense increased by $1.7 million or 8.2 percent primarily due to incremental costs preparing our fleet to operate at full capacity, and the maintenance and repairs on additional aircraft purchased over the past two years.

Sales and marketing expense. Sales and marketing expense for the second quarter 2021 increased by 97.9 percent compared to the same period in 2020, due to a increase in net credit card fees as a result of a 280.8 percent increase in passenger revenue year-over-year as well as reduced advertising spend in 2020 during the pandemic.

Compared to the same period in 2019, sales and marketing expense decreased by 14.2 percent due to efforts to more adeptly deploy advertising spend.

Other operating expense. Other expense decreased $8.3 million compared to the second quarter 2020, mostly due to decreased activity in our non-airline subsidiaries.

Payroll Support Programs grant recognition. We received a total of $112.2 million in funds during the second quarter 2021 through the payroll support programs. Of the total, $110.4 million of these funds represent direct grants, and will be recognized as a credit to operating expense on our statement of income, over the periods for which the funds were intended to compensate. We recognized $61.2 million as an offset to operating expense on our statement of income during the second quarter of 2021.

During 2020, we received $176.9 million in funds through the payroll support program and recognized a $74.5 million offset to operating expense on our statement of income for the second quarter 2020.

Special charges. Special charges of $0.9 million were recorded within operating expenses for the second quarter 2021 compared to $81.2 million for the same period in 2020. The special charges relate to expenses that were unique and specific to COVID-19. These charges in 2021 include accelerated depreciation on airframes and engines resulting from an accelerated retirement plan, and losses within our non-airline subsidiaries. Special charges recorded in the second quarter 2020 included accelerated depreciation on airframes and engines resulting from an accelerated retirement plan, a loss on a sale-leaseback transaction which we would not likely have transacted absent cash conservation efforts as a result of COVID, salaries and benefits expense, and a non-cash impairment charge for an investment in a third party. See Note 2 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited) for further information.
26



Interest Expense

Interest expense for the quarter ended June 30, 2021 increased by $2.7 million, or 19.0 percent over second quarter 2020, due to increased market rates for the fixed rate debt entered into during the pandemic offset by lower interest rates on our variable debt.

Income Tax Expense

Our effective tax rate was 22.5 percent and 36.4 percent for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The effective tax rate for the three months ended June 30, 2021 differed from the statutory federal income tax rate of 21.0 percent primarily due to state income taxes and the impact of ASU 2016-09 related to share-based payments. The effective tax rate for the three months ended June 30, 2020 was primarily due to the tax accounting impact of the CARES Act which allowed the Company to carryback the 2020 net operating loss at the 35.0 percent rate applicable in earlier years.
27


Comparison of six months ended June 30, 2021 to six months ended June 30, 2020

Operations during the six months ended June 30, 2021 consisted of two months of pre-pandemic activity and the period from March 2020 through June 2020 which was substantially impacted by the pandemic. The comparisons below of the results for the six month periods ended June 30, 2021 and June 30, 2020 should be read with this in mind.

As comparisons of our 2021 results to periods during 2020 reflect disproportionate changes due to the impact of the pandemic on air travel, we have also provided analysis of certain revenue and expense line items to 2019 results where helpful to understand trends in our performance.

Operating Revenue

Passenger revenue. For the six months ended June 30, 2021, passenger revenue increased 41.4 percent compared with the same period in 2020. Revenue in the second quarter 2021 was favorably impacted by estimates of breakage on vouchers whose expiration was extended as a result of the pandemic. The increase is primarily attributable to the effects of COVID-19 in 2020, where a significant decline in passenger demand impacted operations from March to June 2020. Scheduled service passengers and base fares in the current period are up 35.8 percent and 6.4 percent, respectively, over the same period in 2020.
As compared to the same period in 2019, passenger revenue decreased by 19.9 percent, as a 24.1 percent decline in scheduled service load factor was partially offset by a 3.9 percent increase in capacity.
Air ancillary average fare for the six months ended June 30, 2021 increased by 1.7 percent when compared to 2020 and 6.5 percent when compared to 2019.
Third party products revenue. Third party products revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2021 increased 50.0 percent over the same period in 2020 and 3.6 percent when compared to 2019. The increase from 2020 is primarily the result of greater travel demand for rental cars and hotels than the early part of the pandemic. The increase from 2019 is attributable to growth in our co-branded credit card revenues.

Fixed fee contract revenue. Fixed fee contract revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2021 increased 5.5 percent compared with the same period in 2020. This is primarily due to an 11.2 percent increase in related departures due to increased charter activity. During the six months ended June 30, 2021, ad-hoc charters increased by 217.6 percent over 2020 levels and we benefited from March Madness flying which did not occur in the prior year due to the pandemic.

Fixed fee contract revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2021 as compared to the same period in 2019, decreased by 44.4 percent due to continuing depressed demand for group charters since the onset of the pandemic.

Other revenue. Other revenue decreased by 84.2 percent for the six months ended June 30, 2021, when compared to the same period in 2020. The decrease is due to decreased activity in the non-airline subsidiaries, including the closure of the family entertainment centers.

Operating Expenses

The following table presents unit costs on a per ASM basis, defined as Operating CASM, for the indicated periods:    
 Six Months Ended June 30,Percent Change
Unitized costs (in cents)202120202019YoYYo2Y
Salary and benefits2.79 3.30 2.79 (15.45)%— %
Aircraft fuel2.23 1.85 2.63 20.54 (15.21)
Station operations1.17 1.09 1.02 7.34 14.71 
Depreciation and amortization1.02 1.38 0.89 (26.09)14.61 
Maintenance and repairs0.53 0.55 0.52 (3.64)1.92 
Sales and marketing0.34 0.44 0.50 (22.73)(32.00)
Aircraft lease rentals0.11 0.04 — 175.00 NM
Other0.39 0.80 0.56 (51.25)(30.36)
Payroll Support Programs grant recognition(1.78)(1.19)— 49.58 NM
Operating Special charges0.03 3.93 — (99.24)NM
CASM6.83 12.19 8.91 (43.97)(23.34)
Operating CASM, excluding fuel4.60 10.34 6.28 (55.51)(26.75)

Salary and benefits expense. Salary and benefits expense increased $32.4 million, or 15.6 percent, for the six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to the same period in 2020. Although the average number of full-time equivalent employees decreased
28


by 5.6 percent year over year, expense increased due to temporary voluntary leave programs offered to employees, voluntary pay reductions, and suspension of the bonus accrual during the six months ended June 30, 2020.

Salary and benefits expense increased by $6.9 million or 2.9% as compared to the six months ended June 30, 2019. Although the average number of full time equivalent employees decreased by 1.8 percent, overall expense increased due to annual increases in crew pay.

Aircraft fuel expense. Aircraft fuel expense increased $76.1 million, or 65.5 percent, for the six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to the same period in 2020. This is primarily due to the recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic as departures increased by 38.1 percent resulting in an increase of 36.7 percent in fuel gallons consumed. The increase is also partially driven by an increase in fuel expense per ASM of 20.5 percent due to an increase in fuel prices.
Aircraft fuel expense decreased by $27.4 million or 12.5 percent for the six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to the same period in 2019. This is primarily driven by a decrease in average fuel cost per gallon of 10.6 percent.
Station operations expense. Station operations expense for the six months ended June 30, 2021 increased $31.9 million or 46.6 percent primarily due to a 61.8 percent increase in airport and landing fees as a result of an increase in travel demand and
a 38.1 percent increase in departures.

As compared to the six month period ended June 30, 2019, station operations expense increased by $15.5 million or 18.2 percent due to a 2.6 percent increase in departures, increased costs associated with irregular operations and airports fees.

Maintenance and repairs expense. Maintenance and repairs expense for the six months ended June 30, 2021 increased by $11.1 million or 32.0 percent compared to the same period in 2020. This is primarily due to the increase in aircraft utilization and incremental costs preparing our fleet to operate at full capacity again.

As compared to the six months ended June 30, 2019, maintenance and repairs expense increased by $2.3 million or 5.2 percent as the number of aircraft in service increased by 20.9 percent.

Depreciation and amortization expense. Depreciation and amortization expense for the six months ended June 30, 2021 remained relatively flat as compared to the same period in 2020. Although the average number of aircraft in service increased by 8.0 percent, a majority of the increase was due to aircraft on operating lease.

When compared to the six months ended June 30, 2019, depreciation and amortization expense increased 17.4 percent as the average number of aircraft in service during the period increased 20.9 percent.

Sales and marketing expense. Sales and marketing expense for the six months ended June 30, 2021 increased 6.9 percent compared to the same period in 2020. In 2020, advertising spend was intentionally pulled back beginning in March due to the pandemic. There was also an increase in net credit card fees in the current year as a result of a 41.4 percent increase in passenger revenue year over year.

As compared to the six months ended June 30, 2019, sales and marketing expense decreased by 29.5 percent due to our efforts to more adeptly deploy advertising spend.

Other expense. Other expense decreased by $17.2 million or 34.1 percent year over year, due to decreased activity in our non-airline subsidiaries.

Payroll Support Programs grant recognition. We received a total of $203.9 million during the six months ended June 30, 2021 through the payroll support programs. The direct grants were recognized as a credit to operating expense on our statement of income, over the periods for which the funds were intended to compensate.

During 2020, we received $176.9 million in funds through the payroll support program and recognized a $74.5 million offset to operating expense on our statement of income for the six months ended June 30, 2020.

Special charges. Special charges of $2.6 million were recorded within operating expenses for the six months ended June 30, 2021. The special charges relate to expenses that were unique and specific to COVID-19. This includes accelerated depreciation on four airframes and six engines resulting from an accelerated retirement plan, a loss on the sale-leaseback transaction we would not likely have transacted absent cash conservation efforts as a result of COVID, salary and benefits expense, and other various expenses during the six months ended June 30, 2020.

29


Non-operating special charges. Special charges of $26.6 million were recorded within non-operating expenses for the six months ended June 30, 2020. We did not have any special charges for the same period in 2021. Of these special charges in 2020, $19.8 million relates to the termination of the loan agreement with Sixth Street Partners (formerly TSSP) intended to finance the development of Sunseeker Resorts Charlotte Harbor. The remaining $6.8 million relates to impairment charges for Sunseeker Resort during the first quarter 2020. These charges were reclassified from operating special expense to non-operating special expense for the six months ended June 30, 2020.

Income Tax Expense

We recorded a $29.3 million tax expense (22.4 percent effective tax rate) compared to a ($151.0 million) tax benefit (54.5 percent effective tax rate) for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 respectively. The 22.4 percent effective tax rate for the six months ended June 30, 2021 differed from the statutory federal income tax rate of 21.0 percent primarily due to state income taxes and the impact of ASU 2016-09 related to share-based payments. The 54.5 percent effective tax rate for the six months ended June 30, 2020 differed from the statutory federal income tax rate of 21.0 percent primarily due to the tax accounting impact of the CARES Act which includes a $39.6 million discrete federal income tax benefit related to the full utilization of 2018 and 2019 net operating losses as well as the ability to carryback the 2020 net operating loss at a 35.0 percent rate applicable in earlier years.
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Comparative Consolidated Operating Statistics

The following tables set forth our operating statistics for the periods indicated:
Three Months Ended June 30,
Percent Change (1)
202120202019YoYYo2Y
Operating statistics (unaudited):   
Total system statistics:   
Passengers3,699,217 1,273,258 4,169,536 190.5 (11.3)
Available seat miles (ASMs) (thousands)4,594,542 2,220,755 4,447,066 106.9 3.3 
Operating expense per ASM (CASM) (cents)7.26 11.10 8.63 (34.6)(15.9)
Fuel expense per ASM (cents)2.38 1.23 2.70 93.5 (11.9)
Operating CASM, excluding fuel (cents)4.88 9.87 5.93 (50.6)(17.7)
ASMs per gallon of fuel84.8 90.0 82.3 (5.8)3.0 
Departures31,507 15,089 30,547 108.8 3.1 
Block hours69,809 32,989 68,332 111.6 2.2 
Average stage length (miles)838 850 853 (1.4)(1.8)
Average number of operating aircraft during period101.8 90.7 85.0 12.2 19.8 
Average block hours per aircraft per day7.5 3.8 8.8 97.4 (14.8)
Full-time equivalent employees at end of period4,104 4,349 4,179 (5.6)(1.8)
Fuel gallons consumed (thousands)54,188 24,664 54,064 119.7 0.2 
Average fuel cost per gallon$2.02 $1.11 $2.22 82.0 (9.0)
Scheduled service statistics:  
Passengers3,680,254 1,266,077 4,131,855 190.7 (10.9)
Revenue passenger miles (RPMs) (thousands)3,188,215 1,107,534 3,603,076 187.9 (11.5)
Available seat miles (ASMs) (thousands)4,505,786 2,174,683 4,311,182 107.2 4.5 
Load factor70.8 %50.9 %83.6 %19.9 (12.8)
Departures30,763 14,683 29,567 109.5 4.0 
Block hours68,334 32,248 66,135 111.9 3.3 
Total passenger revenue per ASM (TRASM) (cents)(2)
10.36 5.75 10.97 80.2 (5.6)
Average fare - scheduled service(3)
$62.58 $40.46 $58.39 54.7 7.2 
Average fare - air-related charges(3)
$58.00 $51.57 $51.68 12.5 12.2 
Average fare - third party products$6.25 $6.67 $4.40 (6.3)42.0 
Average fare - total$126.82 $98.70 $114.47 28.5 10.8 
Average stage length (miles)842 855 853 (1.5)(1.3)
Fuel gallons consumed (thousands)53,022 24,124 52,327 119.8 1.3 
Average fuel cost per gallon$2.01 $1.08 $2.22 86.1 (9.5)
Rental car days sold404,760 135,536 540,960 198.6 (25.2)
Hotel room nights sold72,701 12,772 114,191 469.2 (36.3)
Percent of sales through website during period94.3 %93.8 %93.5 %0.5 0.8 
(1) Except load factor and percent of sales through website during period, which are presented as a percentage point change.
(2) Various components of this measure do not have a direct correlation to ASMs. This measure is provided on a per ASM basis so as to facilitate comparison with airlines reporting revenues on a per ASM basis.
(3) Reflects division of passenger revenue between scheduled service (base fare) and air-related charges in our booking path.

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Comparative Consolidated Operating Statistics

The following tables set forth our operating statistics for the periods indicated:
Six Months Ended June 30,
Percent Change (1)
202120202019YoYYo2Y
Operating statistics (unaudited):   
Total system statistics:   
Passengers6,033,720 4,448,708 7,619,814 35.6 (20.8)
Available seat miles (ASMs) (thousands)8,608,531 6,288,427 8,357,304 36.9 3.0 
Operating expense per ASM (CASM) (cents)6.83 12.19 8.90 (44.0)(23.3)
Fuel expense per ASM (cents)2.23 1.85 2.63 20.5 (15.2)
Operating CASM, excluding fuel (cents)4.60 10.35 6.27 (55.6)(26.6)
ASMs per gallon of fuel87.3 87.2 83.1 0.1 5.0 
Departures57,191 41,401 55,747 38.1 2.6 
Block hours130,183 95,112 128,151 36.9 1.6 
Average stage length (miles)865 879 876 (1.6)(1.3)
Average number of operating aircraft during period99.5 92.1 82.3 8.0 20.9 
Average block hours per aircraft per day7.2 5.5 8.6 30.9 (16.3)
Full-time equivalent employees at end of period4,104 4,349 4,179 (5.6)(1.8)
Fuel gallons consumed (thousands)98,614 72,143 100,537 36.7 (1.9)
Average fuel cost per gallon$1.95 $1.61 $2.18 21.1 (10.6)
Scheduled service statistics:  
Passengers6,003,556 4,420,683 7,553,393 35.8 (20.5)
Revenue passenger miles (RPMs) (thousands)5,354,632 4,033,017 6,794,122 32.8 (21.2)
Available seat miles (ASMs) (thousands)8,426,876 6,138,692 8,113,315 37.3 3.9 
Load factor63.5 %65.7 %83.7 %(2.2)(24.1)
Departures55,710 40,167 53,911 38.7 3.3 
Block hours127,185 92,594 124,098 37.4 2.5 
Total passenger revenue per ASM (TRASM) (cents)(2)
8.75 8.47 11.22 — (22.0)
Average fare - scheduled service(3)
$60.95 $57.27 $63.49 6.4 (4.0)
Average fare - air-related charges(3)
$55.72 $54.80 $52.32 1.7 6.5 
Average fare - third party products$6.10 $5.52 $4.68 10.5 30.3 
Average fare - total$122.77 $117.59 $120.49 4.4 1.9 
Average stage length (miles)869 883 878 (1.6)(1.0)
Fuel gallons consumed (thousands)96,329 70,229 97,395 37.2 (1.1)
Average fuel cost per gallon$1.92 $1.60 $2.18 20.0 (11.9)
Rental car days sold680,344 616,582 1,012,558 10.3 (32.8)
Hotel room nights sold128,909 104,776 219,206 23.0 (41.2)
Percent of sales through website during period93.8 %93.7 %93.5 %0.1 0.3 
(1) Except load factor and percent of sales through website during period, which are presented as a percentage point change.
(2) Various components of this measure do not have a direct correlation to ASMs. This measure is provided on a per ASM basis so as to facilitate comparison with airlines reporting revenues on a per ASM basis.
(3) Reflects division of passenger revenue between scheduled service (base fare) and air-related charges in our booking path.

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LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

Current liquidity

Cash, cash equivalents and investment securities (short-term and long-term) increased to $1.2 billion at June 30, 2021, from $685.2 million at December 31, 2020. Investment securities represent highly liquid marketable securities which are available-for-sale.

Restricted cash represents escrowed funds under fixed fee contracts, escrowed project funds and cash collateral against letters of credit required by hotel properties for guaranteed room availability, airports and certain other parties. Under our fixed fee flying contracts, we require our customers to prepay for flights to be provided by us. The prepayments are escrowed until the flight is completed and are recorded as restricted cash with a corresponding amount reflected as air traffic liability.

During the six months ended June 30, 2021, we received a total of $203.9 million in assistance through the payroll support programs.

We suspended share repurchases and our quarterly cash dividend, as part of cash conservation efforts in response to the effects of COVID-19 on our business. In connection with our receipt of financial support under the payroll support program, we agreed not to repurchase shares or pay cash dividends through September 30, 2022.

We believe we have more than adequate liquidity resources through our cash balances, operating cash flows, borrowings and expected tax refunds, to meet our future contractual obligations. We will continue to consider raising funds through debt financing on an opportunistic basis.

Debt

Our debt and finance lease obligations balance, without reduction for related issuance costs, decreased from $1.68 billion as of December 31, 2020 to $1.60 billion as of June 30, 2021. During the six months ended June 30, 2021, we borrowed $122.1 million and we made principal payments of $199.6 million, including $53.9 million on our senior secured revolving credit facility that matured on March 31, 2021 and a $57.0 million prepayment of debt secured by aircraft.

Despite substantially lower revenues caused by the pandemic compared to pre-pandemic periods, our total debt and finance lease obligations declined by 4.6 percent from December 31, 2020 to June 30, 2021.

Sources and Uses of Cash

Operating Activities. Operating cash inflows are primarily derived from providing air transportation and related ancillary products and services to customers. During the six months ended June 30, 2021, our operating activities provided $405.0 million of cash compared to $276.7 million during the same period of 2020. This change is mostly attributable to a $228.0 million increase in net income offset by changes in special charges and current assets and liability accounts.

Investing Activities. Cash used in investing activities was $369.4 million during the six months ended June 30, 2021 compared to $158.6 million for the same period in 2020. The change is due to an increase of $199.1 million of purchases of investment securities, net of maturities, and a decrease of $48.0 million related to proceeds from sale-leaseback transactions during the six months ended June 30, 2020. Purchases of property and equipment were $36.2 million less in the current year.

Financing Activities. Cash provided by financing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2021 was $245.5 million, compared to $32.8 million for the same period in 2020. The year-over-year change is mostly due to the equity offering completed on May 10, 2021 which resulted in the receipt of $335.1 million in cash. This was offset by the net effect of debt activity, as principal payments and debt issuance costs exceeded debt proceeds by $93.6 million during the six months ended June 30, 2021, compared to $74.7 million of debt proceeds (net of related costs) in excess of principal payments during the same period in 2020. Additionally, there were no share repurchases or dividends paid in the first half of 2021, where there was $33.8 million and $11.4 million of such activity, respectively, in the same period of 2020.

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CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

We have made forward-looking statements in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q, and in the section entitled “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” that are based on our management’s beliefs and assumptions, and on information currently available to our management. Forward-looking statements include our statements regarding number of contracted aircraft to be placed in service in the future, the development and financing of our Sunseeker Resort, as well as other information concerning future results of operations, business strategies, financing plans, competitive position, industry environment, potential growth opportunities, the effects of future regulation and the effects of competition. Forward-looking statements include all statements that are not historical facts and can be identified by the use of forward-looking terminology such as the words "believe," "expect," "anticipate," "intend," "plan," "estimate," “project,” “hope” or similar expressions.


Forward-looking statements involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions. Actual results may differ materially from those expressed in the forward-looking statements. Important risk factors that could cause our results to differ materially from those expressed in the forward-looking statements may be found in our periodic reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission at www.sec.gov. These risk factors include, without limitation, the impact and duration of the COVID-19 pandemic on airline travel and the economy, liquidity issues resulting from the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business, restrictions imposed on us a result of accepting government grants under the Payroll Support Programs, an accident involving, or problems with, our aircraft, public perception of our safety, our reliance on our automated systems, our reliance on third parties to deliver aircraft under contract to us on a timely basis, risk of breach of security of personal data, volatility of fuel costs, labor issues and costs, the ability to obtain regulatory approvals as needed, the effect of economic conditions on leisure travel, debt covenants and balances, the ability to finance aircraft to be acquired, terrorist attacks, risks inherent to airlines, our competitive environment, our reliance on third parties who provide facilities or services to us, the possible loss of key personnel, economic and other conditions in markets in which we operate, the ability to successfully develop and finance a resort in Southwest Florida, governmental regulation, increases in maintenance costs and cyclical and seasonal fluctuations in our operating results.

Any forward-looking statements are based on information available to us today and we undertake no obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of future events, new information or otherwise.

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND ESTIMATES

There have been no material changes to our critical accounting estimates during the six months ended June 30, 2021. For information regarding our critical accounting policies and estimates, see disclosures in the Consolidated Financial Statements and accompanying notes contained in our 2020 Form 10-K, and in Note 1 of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited).

34


Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

We are subject to certain market risks, including commodity prices (specifically aircraft fuel). The adverse effects of changes in these markets could pose potential losses as discussed below. The sensitivity analysis provided does not consider the effects that such adverse changes may have on overall economic activity, nor does it consider additional actions we may take to mitigate our exposure to such changes. Actual results may differ.

Aircraft Fuel

Our results of operations can be significantly impacted by changes in the price and availability of aircraft fuel. Aircraft fuel expense for the six months ended June 30, 2021 represented 32.7% of our total operating expenses. Increases in fuel prices, or a shortage of supply, could have a material impact on our operations and operating results. Based on our fuel consumption for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, a hypothetical ten percent increase in the average price per gallon of fuel would have increased fuel expense by approximately $10.8 million and $19.7 million respectively. We have not hedged fuel price risk for many years.

Interest Rates

As of June 30, 2021, we had $0.98 billion of variable-rate debt, including current maturities and without reduction for $15.2 million in related costs. A hypothetical 100 basis point change in interest rates would have affected interest expense on variable rate debt by approximately $5.3 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021.

35


Item 4. Controls and Procedures

As of June 30, 2021, under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our chief executive officer ("CEO") and chief financial officer (“CFO”), we evaluated the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the “Exchange Act”) as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based on that evaluation, management, including our CEO and CFO, has concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures are designed, and are effective, to give reasonable assurance that the information we are required to disclose is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms and is accumulated and communicated to the Company’s management, including the CEO and the CFO, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the quarter ending June 30, 2021, that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

36


 PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

We are subject to certain legal and administrative actions we consider routine to our business activities. We believe the ultimate outcome of any pending legal or administrative matters will not have a material adverse impact on our financial position, liquidity or results of operations.

37


Item 1A.  Risk Factors

We have evaluated our risk factors and determined there are no changes to those set forth in Part I, Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 and filed with the Commission on March 1, 2021.

38


Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

Our Repurchases of Equity Securities

(a) Not applicable

(b) Not applicable

(c) We did not repurchase any common stock during the second quarter 2021.

39


Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities

None

40


Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable

41


Item 5. Other Information

None
42


Item 6. Exhibits
101.SCHXBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CALXBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.DEFXBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
101.LABXBRL Taxonomy Extension Labels Linkbase Document
101.PREXBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
(1) Incorporated by reference to Exhibit filed with Registration Statement #333-134145 filed by the Company with the Commission and amendments thereto.
(2) Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the Commission on May 12, 2020.



43


SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
ALLEGIANT TRAVEL COMPANY
Date:July 30, 2021By:/s/ Gregory Anderson
Gregory Anderson, as duly authorized officer of the Company (Chief Financial Officer) and as Principal Financial Officer
44