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Quaint Oak Bancorp (QNTO)

Filed: 31 Mar 22, 3:24pm
0001391933qnto:RealEstatePortfolioSegmentMemberus-gaap:ConstructionLoansMember2020-01-012020-12-31

EXHIBIT 13.0

 

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Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


PRESIDENT’S LETTER TO SHAREHOLDERS

 

 

To Our Valued Shareholders:

 

On behalf of the Board of Directors, Senior Management and Team Members of the Quaint Oak Family of Companies, I am pleased to present our 2021 Annual Report to Shareholders.

 

As we emerge from 2021, we mark two years of successfully working remotely. We have, of course, staffed our Banking offices and certain cash management service positions on site. All Team Members, however, have mastered remote communication and service skills at a level not previously imagined. This capability in both IT and human interaction has promoted the continued growth and expansion in our Family of Companies. These skills have provided the financial results presented in this Annual Report as well as providing us the opportunity to grow beyond our immediate market and to expand our talented personnel. Currently, we employ Team Members in fifteen different states and several of our Companies promote business on a nationwide level. As we move into 2022 and as reported previously, the current strategic focus of the Company looks to increase the potential collaboration of the Bank with outside Fintech companies. This avenue offers expansion opportunities that otherwise would not fit within our current size and structure. The year 2021 resulted in a growth in assets at yearend when compared to December 31, 2020 of 14.5%. This growth in assets has continued despite the forgiveness of outstanding PPP loans. At year-end 2021, the outstanding advances under the PPP program had been reduced to $42.9 million with $140.6 million having successfully gone through the forgiveness process.

 

The increased income results of the Company primarily came from loan production of the Bank providing a net loan balance increase of $99.5 million, including loans held for sale. This increase in outstanding loan balance was accompanied by a reduction in our deposit funding costs of 86 basis points, driving down our overall deposit cost of funds to an average rate of 0.86% for the year ended December 31, 2021.

 

We are very pleased to report that the Company’s net income for the year ended December 31, 2021 was 97.3% higher when compared to year-end 2020.

 

The Company has repurchased an additional 1,398 shares during the twelve months ended December 31, 2021. To date we have repurchased over 40% of the original shares issued in our initial public offering. As recently announced, the Company declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.11 per share on the common stock of the Company payable on February 7, 2022, to the shareholders of record at the close of business on January 24, 2022. Additionally, stockholders’ equity increased year over year ending December 31, 2021, by over $8.2 million or approximately 28.5%. As always, in conjunction with having maintained a strong repurchase plan, our current and continued business strategy includes long-term profitability and payment of dividends reflecting our strong commitment to shareholder value.

 

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Robert T. Strong

President and Chief Executive Officer

 

 

 

 

 

Quaint Oak Family of Companies

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.

Quaint Oak Bank

Quaint Oak Abstract, LLC | Quaint Oak Mortgage, LLC | Quaint Oak Real Estate, LLC

Quaint Oak Insurance Agency, LLC

Oakmont Capital Holdings, LLC | Oakmont Commercial, LLC

 

Fueling the Growth of Business

 

 

 

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

 

Page

Selected Consolidated Financial and Other Data

                1

  

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

                3

  

Reports of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

              19

  

Consolidated Balance Sheets

              21

  

Consolidated Statements of Income

              22

  

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income

              24

  

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity

              25

  

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

              26

  

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

              28

  

General Information

              70

  

Locations

              71

 

 

 

 

 

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

 

SELECTED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL AND OTHER DATA

 

         Set forth below is selected financial and other data of Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.  You should read the financial statements and related notes contained in this Annual Report which provide more detailed information.

 

  

At or For the Years Ended

December 31,

 
  

2021

  

2020

 
  

(Dollars in Thousands)

 

Selected Financial and Other Data:

        

Total assets

 $554,115  $484,075 

Cash and cash equivalents

  10,705   33,913 

Investment in interest-earning time deposits

  7,924   9,463 

Investment securities available for sale at fair value

  4,033   10,725 

Loans held for sale

  107,823   53,191 

Loans receivable, net

  403,966   359,122 

Federal Home Loan Bank stock, at cost

  2,178   1,665 

Premises and equipment, net

  2,653   2,341 

Deposits

  447,166   354,845 

Federal Home Loan Bank borrowings

  49,193   38,193 

Subordinated debt

  7,933   7,899 

Total Quaint Oak Bank Stockholders’ Equity

  34,789   28,728 

Noncontrolling Interest

  2,120   - 

Total Stockholders’ Equity

  36,909   28,728 
         
         

Selected Operating Data:

        

Total interest income

 $24,995  $16,323 

Total interest expense

  4,375   5,488 

Net interest income

  20,620   10,835 

Provision for loan losses

  2,201   830 

Net interest income after provision for loan losses

  18,419   10,005 

Total non-interest income

  11,982   6,655 

Total non-interest expense

  21,087   12,123 

Income before income taxes

  9,314   4,537 

Income taxes

  2,492   1,292 

Net income

 $6,822  $3,245 

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest

 $418  $- 

Net income attributable to Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.

 $6,404  $3,245 
         

Selected Operating Ratios(1):

        

Average yield on interest-earning assets

  4.78%  4.41%

Average rate on interest-bearing liabilities

  1.03   1.74 

Average interest rate spread(2)

  3.75   2.67 

Net interest margin(2)

  3.93   2.93 

Average interest-earning assets to average interest-bearing liabilities

  123.99   117.39 

Net interest income after provision for loan losses to non-interest expense

  87.35   82.52 

Total non-interest expense to average assets

  3.89   3.15 

Efficiency ratio(3)

  69.36   69.32 

Return on average assets

  1.18   0.84 

Return on average equity

  20.68   12.16 

 

 

 

1

 

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

 

 

  

At or For the Years Ended

December 31,

 
  

2021

  

2020

 

Asset Quality Ratios(4):

        

Non-performing loans as a percent of loans receivable, net(5)

  0.00%  0.18%

Non-performing assets as a percent of total assets(5)

  0.00   0.19 

Non-performing assets and troubled debt restructurings as a percent of total assets

  0.03   0.22 

Allowance for loan losses as a percent of non-performing loans

 

n/m*

   475.83 

Allowance for loan losses as a percent of total loans receivable

  1.29   0.85 

Net charge-offs to average loans receivable

  0.00   0.00 

 

Capital Ratios(4):

        

Tier 1 leverage ratio

  7.41%  8.56%

Common Tier 1 capital ratio

  9.45   13.31 

Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio

  9.45   13.31 

Total risk-based capital ratio

  10.69   14.52 

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(1)       With the exception of end of period ratios, all ratios are based on average daily balances during the indicated periods.

(2)       Average interest rate spread represents the difference between the average yield on interest-earning assets and the average rate paid on interest-bearing liabilities, and net interest

            margin represents net interest income as a percentage of average interest-earning assets.

(3)       The efficiency ratio represents the ratio of non-interest expense divided by the sum of net interest income and non-interest income.

(4)       Asset quality ratios and capital ratios are end of period ratios, except for net charge-offs to average loans receivable.

(5)       Non-performing assets consist of non-performing loans at December 31, 2021 and non-performing loans other real estate owned at December 31, 2021 and 2020.  Non-performing

            loans consist of non-accruing loans plus accruing loans 90 days or more past due.

n/m*    Not meaningful

 

 

 

 

2

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

General

 

              Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc. (the “Company”) was formed in connection with Quaint Oak Bank’s (the “Bank”) conversion to a stock savings bank completed on July 3, 2007.  The Company’s results of operations are dependent primarily on the results of Quaint Oak Bank, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company, along with the Bank’s wholly owned subsidiaries. The Bank, a Pennsylvania-chartered stock savings bank, is headquartered in Southampton, Pennsylvania and conducts business through three regional offices located in the Delaware Valley, Lehigh Valley and Philadelphia markets.  At December 31, 2021, the Bank has six wholly-owned subsidiaries, Quaint Oak Mortgage, LLC, Quaint Oak Real Estate, LLC, Quaint Oak Abstract, LLC, QOB Properties, LLC, Quaint Oak Insurance Agency, LLC, and Oakmont Commercial, LLC, each a Pennsylvania limited liability company.  The mortgage company offers mortgage banking services in the Lehigh Valley, Delaware Valley and Philadelphia County region of Pennsylvania.  The real estate and abstract companies offer real estate sales and title abstract services, respectively, primarily in the Lehigh Valley region of Pennsylvania.  These companies began operation in July 2009.   In February 2019, Quaint Oak Mortgage opened a mortgage banking office in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.  QOB Properties, LLC began operations in July 2012 and holds Bank properties acquired through a foreclosure proceeding or acceptance of a deed in lieu of foreclosure.  Quaint Oak Insurance Agency, LLC, located in Chalfont, Pennsylvania, began operations in August 2016 and provides a broad range of personal and commercial insurance coverage solutions. Oakmont Commercial, LLC began operations in October 2021 and operates as a multi-state specialty commercial real estate financing company. Since January, 2021, the Bank holds a majority equity position in Oakmont Capital Holdings, LLC, a multi-state equipment finance company based in West Chester, Pennsylvania with a second significant facility located in Albany, Minnesota.

 

               Quaint Oak Bank’s profitability depends, to a large extent, on net interest income, which is the difference between the income earned on its loan and investment portfolios and the cost of funds, consisting of the interest paid on deposits and borrowings.  Results of operations are also affected by provisions for loan losses, fee income and other non-interest income and non-interest expense.  Non-interest expense principally consists of compensation, directors’ fees and expenses, office occupancy and equipment expense, data processing expense, professional fees, advertising expense, FDIC deposit insurance assessment, and other expenses. 

 

                Quaint Oak Bank’s business consists primarily of originating residential, multi-family and commercial real estate loans secured by property, commercial business loans, and to a lesser extent other consumer loans in its market area. At December 31, 2021, commercial real estate loans and commercial business loans comprise the largest percentage of Quaint Oak Bank’s loan portfolio, before net items, at 44.4% and 31.5%, respectively.  At December 31, 2021, commercial business loans include $42.6 million of SBA PPP loans.  Quaint Oak Bank’s loans are primarily funded by certificates of deposit and money market accounts.  At December 31, 2021, certificates of deposit amounted to 40.2% of total deposits compared to 56.2% of total deposits at December 31, 2020.  At December 31, 2021, money market accounts amounted to 44.9% of total deposits compared to 28.1% of total deposits at December 31, 2020.  In conjunction with the expansion of our commercial lending activities, we began offering a business checking account, along with a consumer checking account product in December 2014.  At December 31, 2021, non-interest bearing checking accounts amounted to 14.5% of total deposits compared to 15.3% of total deposits at December 31, 2020. Management anticipates that certificates of deposit, money market accounts and business checking will be the primary sources of funding for Quaint Oak Bank’s assets. 

 

                 Our results of operations are significantly affected by general economic and competitive conditions, particularly with respect to changes in interest rates, government policies and actions of regulatory authorities as well as other factors beyond our control. Future changes in applicable law, regulations or government policies may materially affect our financial condition and results of operations.

 

Forward-Looking Statements Are Subject to Change

 

                 This Annual Report contains certain forward-looking statements (as defined in the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and the regulations thereunder). Forward-looking statements are not historical facts but instead represent only the beliefs, expectations or opinions of the Company and its management regarding future events, many of which, by their nature, are inherently uncertain. Forward-looking statements may be identified by the use of such words as: believe, expect, anticipate, intend, plan, estimate, or words of similar meaning, or future or conditional terms such as will, would, should, could, may, likely, probably, or possibly.” Forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, financial projections and estimates and their underlying assumptions; statements regarding plans, objectives and expectations with respect to future operations, products and services; and statements regarding future performance. Such statements are subject to certain risks, uncertainties and assumptions, many of which are difficult to predict and generally are beyond the control of and its management, that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed in, or implied or projected by, forward-looking statements. The following factors, among others, could cause actual results to differ materially from the anticipated results or other expectations expressed in the forward-looking statements: (1) economic and competitive conditions which could affect the volume of loan originations, deposit flows and real estate values; (2) the levels of non-interest income and expense and the amount of loan losses; (3) competitive pressure among depository institutions increasing significantly; (4) changes in the interest rate environment causing reduced interest margins; (5) general economic conditions, either nationally or in the markets in which the Company is or will be doing business, being less favorable than expected;(6) political and social unrest, including acts of war or terrorism; (7) the impact of the current outbreak of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) or (8) legislation or changes in regulatory requirements adversely affecting the business in which the Company is or will be engaged. The Company undertakes no obligation to update these forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances that occur after the date on which such statements were made.

 

3

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

COVID-19

 

On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization declared COVID-19 a pandemic. Due to orders issued by the governor of Pennsylvania and for the health of our customers and employees, the Bank closed lobbies to all three branch offices but remained fully operational. Other immediate responses to the pandemic included some of the following actions by the Company:

 

•      Moved more than 92% of its employees to remote work-from-home status.

 

•      Waived fees on deposit accounts and cash management services.

 

In response to the COVID-19 crisis, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (“CARES”) Act was passed by Congress and signed into law on March 27, 2020. The CARES Act provides an estimated $2.2 trillion of economy-wide financial stimulus to combat the pandemic and stimulate the economy in the form of financial aid to individuals, businesses, nonprofits, states, and municipalities through loans, grants, tax changes, and other types of relief. 

 

The following describes some of our responses to COVID-19 relative to the CARES Act, and other effects of the pandemic on our business.

 

Paycheck Protection Program. The CARES Act authorized the Small Business Administration (“SBA”) to temporarily guarantee loans under a new 7(a) loan program called the Paycheck Protection Program (“PPP”). As a qualified SBA lender, we were automatically authorized to originate PPP loans and chose to participate. Since March 2020, the Company has continued to work diligently to help support its existing and new customers through the SBA Paycheck Protection Program (“PPP”), loan modifications, loan deferrals and fee waivers. On December 27, 2020, the Economic Aid to Hard-Hit Small Businesses, Nonprofits, and Venues Act (the “Economic Aid Act”) became law.  The Economic Aid Act opened a new PPP loan period for first loans and implemented a second loan draw for certain PPP borrowers, each through May 31, 2021.  Under the first round the Company funded 854 PPP loans totaling $95.1 million.  As of December 31, 2021, 849 of these first round PPP loans totaling $90.7 million were forgiven under the SBA forgiveness program. Under the second round of PPP the Company funded 985 PPP loans totaling $88.4 million as of December 31, 2021. As of December 31, 2021, 678 of the second round PPP loans totaling $49.9 million have been forgiven under the SBA forgiveness program. For the year ended December 31, 2021, the Company recognized approximately $4.4 million and $996,000 of deferred loan fees amortization related to PPP loans for the years ended December 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.

 

4

 

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

                   Paycheck Protection Program Liquidity Facility. The CARES Act also allocated a limited amount of funds to the Federal Reserve Board (FRB) with a broad mandate to provide liquidity to eligible businesses, states or municipalities in light of COVID-19. On April 9, 2020, the U.S. Department of the Treasury announced several new or expanded lending programs to provide relief for businesses and governments. One of these programs was the Paycheck Protection Program Liquidity Facility (PPPLF). Under the PPPLF, all depository institutions that originate PPP loans are eligible to borrow on a non-recourse basis from their regional Federal Reserve Bank using SBA PPP loans as collateral. The principal amount of loans will be equal to the PPP loans pledged as collateral. There are no fees associated with these loans and the interest rate is 35 basis points. The maturity date of PPPLF loans will be the same as the maturity date of the PPP loans pledged as collateral. The PPPLF loan maturity date will be accelerated if the underlying PPP loan goes into default and the lender sells the PPP loan to the SBA under the SBA guarantee. The PPPLF loan maturity date also will be accelerated for any loan forgiveness reimbursement received by the lender from the SBA.

 

                    In April 2020, the Bank received approval to borrow from the FRB under the PPPLF program to assist in funding PPP loans.  Through December 31, 2021, the Bank used the FRB program to fund $52.1 million of PPP loans.  The Bank paid off approximately $48.2 million of PPP loans pledged as collateral under the PPPLF program and had $3.9 million of outstanding advances with the FRB at December 31, 2021.  Through December 31, 2021 the Bank has not used the PPPLF program to fund any round two PPP loans.  

 

                   Loan Modifications/Troubled Debt Restructurings. Under the CARES Act, loans less than 30 days past due as of December 31, 2019 will be considered current for COVID-19 modifications. A financial institution can then suspend the requirements under GAAP for loan modifications related to COVID-19 that would otherwise be categorized as a troubled debt restructuring (“TDR”), and suspend any determination of a loan modified as a result of COVID-19 as being a TDR, including the requirement to determine impairment for accounting purposes. Financial institutions wishing to utilize this authority must make a policy election, which applies to any COVID-19 modification made between March 1, 2020 and the earlier of either January 1, 2022 or the 60th day after the end of the COVID-19 national emergency. Quaint Oak Bank has made that election. Similarly, the Financial Accounting Standards Board has confirmed that short-term modifications made on a good-faith basis in response to COVID-19 to loan customers who were current prior to any relief will not be considered TDRs.

 

                    Prior to the enactment of the CARES Act, the banking regulatory agencies provided guidance as to how certain short-term modifications would not be considered TDRs, and have subsequently confirmed that such guidance could be applicable for loans that do not qualify for favorable accounting treatment under Section 4013 of the CARES Act.

 

                   The Bank addresses loan payment modification requests on a case-by-case basis considering the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, related economic slow-down and stay-at-home orders on our customer and their current and projected cash flows through the term of the loan. Through December 31, 2021, the Bank modified 231 loans with principal balances totaling $90.6 million representing approximately 21.9% of our December 31, 2021 loan balances. A majority of deferrals are two-month payment deferrals of principal and interest, with payments after deferral increased to collect amounts deferred. In some cases, certain loans were granted additional deferrals.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

               Details with respect to total loan payment modifications made through December 31, 2021 are as follows:

 

  

Number of

COVID-19

Deferments

  

Balance

(in thousands)

  

Percent of Total

Loans at

December 31, 2021

 

One-to-four family residential owner occupied

  5  $2,070   21.2%

One-to-four family residential non-owner occupied

  50   8,566   22.1 

Multi-family residential

  12   9,042   30.8 

Commercial real estate

  97   55,274   30.1 

Construction

  1   702   4.4 

Home equity

  4   254   5.4 

Commercial business

  62   14,685   11.2 

Total

  231  $90,593   21.9%

 

               Of the 231 loans granted loan payment deferrals through December 31, 2021, two loans are still on deferral as of December 31, 2021.

 

               Details with respect to loan payment deferrals still on deferral as of December 31, 2021 are as follows:

 

  

As of December 31, 2021

     
  

Number of

COVID-19

Deferments

  

Balance

(in thousands)

  

Percent of Total

Loans at

December 31, 2021

 

Commercial business

  2  $3,797   0.9%

Total

  2  $3,797   0.9%

 

                  It is too early to determine if current active modified loans will perform in accordance with their modified terms.

 

Critical Accounting Policies

 

               In reviewing and understanding financial information for the Company, you are encouraged to read and understand the significant accounting policies used in preparing our financial statements.  These policies are described in Note 2 of the notes to our financial statements. The accounting and financial reporting policies of the Company conform to accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America and to general practices within the banking industry. Accordingly, the consolidated financial statements require certain estimates, judgments, and assumptions, which are believed to be reasonable, based upon the information available. These estimates and assumptions affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of income and expenses during the periods presented. The following accounting policies comprise those that management believes are the most critical to aid in fully understanding and evaluating our reported financial results. These policies require numerous estimates or economic assumptions that may prove inaccurate or may be subject to variations which may significantly affect our reported results and financial condition for the period or in future periods.

 

Allowance for Loan Losses.  The allowance for loan losses represents management’s estimate of losses inherent in the loan portfolio as of the balance sheet date and is recorded as a reduction to loans receivable. The allowance for loan losses is increased by the provision for loan losses, and decreased by charge-offs, net of recoveries. Loans deemed to be uncollectible are charged against the allowance for loan losses, and subsequent recoveries, if any, are credited to the allowance. All, or part, of the principal balance of loans receivable are charged off to the allowance as soon as it is determined that the repayment of all, or part, of the principal balance is highly unlikely. Because all identified losses are immediately charged off, no portion of the allowance for loan losses is restricted to any individual loan or groups of loans, and the entire allowance is available to absorb any and all loan losses.

 

 

6

 

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

The allowance for loan losses is maintained at a level considered adequate to provide for losses that can be reasonably anticipated. Management performs a quarterly evaluation of the adequacy of the allowance. The allowance is based on the Company’s past loan loss experience, known and inherent risks in the portfolio, adverse situations that may affect the borrower’s ability to repay, the estimated value of any underlying collateral, composition of the loan portfolio, current economic conditions and other relevant factors. This evaluation is inherently subjective as it requires material estimates that may be susceptible to significant revision as more information becomes available.

 

The allowance consists of specific, general and unallocated components. The specific component relates to loans that are identified as impaired. For loans that are identified as impaired, an allowance is established when the discounted cash flows (or collateral value or observable market price) of the impaired loan is lower than the carrying value of that loan. The general component covers pools of loans by loan class. These pools of loans are evaluated for loss exposure based upon historical loss rates for each of these categories of loans, adjusted for qualitative factors. These significant factors may include changes in lending policies and procedures, changes in existing general economic and business conditions affecting our primary lending areas, credit quality trends, collateral value, loan volumes and concentrations, seasoning of the loan portfolio, recent loss experience in particular segments of the portfolio, duration of the current business cycle and bank regulatory examination results. The applied loss factors are reevaluated quarterly to ensure their relevance in the current economic environment.  Residential mortgage lending generally entails a lower risk of default than other types of lending. Consumer loans and commercial real estate loans generally involve more risk of collectability because of the type and nature of the collateral and, in certain cases, the absence of collateral. It is the Company’s policy to establish a specific reserve for loss on any delinquent loan when it determines that a loss is probable. An unallocated component is maintained to cover uncertainties that could affect management’s estimate of probable losses. The unallocated component of the allowance reflects the margin of imprecision inherent in the underlying assumptions used in the methodologies for estimating specific and general losses in the portfolio.

 

A loan is considered impaired when, based on current information and events, it is probable that the Company will be unable to collect the scheduled payments of principal or interest when due according to the contractual terms of the loan agreement. Factors considered by management in determining impairment include payment status, collateral value and the probability of collecting scheduled principal and interest payments when due. Loans that experience insignificant payment delays and payment shortfalls generally are not considered impaired. Management determines the significance of payment delays and payment shortfalls on a case-by-case basis, taking into consideration all of the circumstances surrounding the loan and the borrower, including the length of the delay, the reasons for the delay, the borrower’s prior payment record and the amount of the shortfall in relation to the principal and interest owed. Impairment is measured on a loan by loan basis by either the present value of expected future cash flows discounted at the loan’s effective interest rate or the fair value of the collateral if the loan is collateral dependent.  An allowance for loan losses is established for an impaired loan if its carrying value exceeds its estimated fair value. The estimated fair values of substantially all of the Company’s impaired loans are measured based on the estimated fair value of the loan’s collateral.

 

A loan is considered a troubled debt restructuring (“TDR”) if the Company, for economic or legal reasons related to a debtor’s financial difficulties, grants a concession to the debtor that it would not otherwise consider. Concessions granted under a TDR typically involve a temporary or permanent reduction in payments or interest rate or an extension of a loan’s stated maturity date at less than a current market rate of interest. Loans identified as TDRs are designated as impaired.

 

For loans secured by real estate, estimated fair values are determined primarily through third-party appraisals. When a real estate secured loan becomes impaired, a decision is made regarding whether an updated certified appraisal of the real estate is necessary. This decision is based on various considerations, including the age of the most recent appraisal, the loan-to-value ratio based on the original appraisal and the condition of the property. Appraised values are discounted to arrive at the estimated selling price of the collateral, which is considered to be the estimated fair value. The discounts also include estimated costs to sell the property.

 

 

 

7

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

The allowance calculation methodology includes further segregation of loan classes into risk rating categories. The borrower’s overall financial condition, repayment sources, guarantors and value of collateral, if appropriate, are evaluated annually for all loans (except one-to-four family residential owner-occupied loans) where the total amount outstanding to any borrower or group of borrowers exceeds $750,000, or when credit deficiencies arise, such as delinquent loan payments. Credit quality risk ratings include regulatory classifications of special mention, substandard, doubtful and loss. Loans criticized as special mention have potential weaknesses that deserve management’s close attention. If uncorrected, the potential weaknesses may result in deterioration of the repayment prospects. Loans classified substandard have a well-defined weakness or weaknesses that jeopardize the liquidation of the debt. They include loans that are inadequately protected by the current sound net worth and paying capacity of the obligor or of the collateral pledged, if any. Loans classified doubtful have all the weaknesses inherent in loans classified substandard with the added characteristic that collection or liquidation in full, on the basis of current conditions and facts, is highly improbable. Loans classified as a loss are considered uncollectible and are charged to the allowance for loan losses. Loans not classified are rated pass. In addition, Federal regulatory agencies, as an integral part of their examination process, periodically review the Company’s allowance for loan losses and may require the Company to recognize additions to the allowance based on their judgments about information available to them at the time of their examination, which may not be currently available to management. Based on management’s comprehensive analysis of the loan portfolio, management believes the current level of the allowance for loan losses is adequate.

 

Other-Than-Temporary Impairment of Securities.  Securities are evaluated on at least a quarterly basis, and more frequently when market conditions warrant such an evaluation, to determine whether a decline in their value is other-than-temporary. To determine whether a loss in value is other-than-temporary, management utilizes criteria such as the reasons underlying the decline, the magnitude and duration of the decline and whether or not management intends to sell or expects that it is more likely than not that it will be required to sell the security prior to an anticipated recovery of the fair value. The term “other-than-temporary” is not intended to indicate that the decline is permanent, but indicates that the prospects for a near-term recovery of value are not necessarily favorable, or that there is a lack of evidence to support a realizable value equal to or greater than the carrying value of the investment. Once a decline in value for a debt security is determined to be other-than-temporary, the other-than-temporary impairment is separated into (a) the amount of the total other-than-temporary impairment related to a decrease in cash flows expected to be collected from the debt security (the credit loss) and (b) the amount of the total other-than-temporary impairment related to all other factors. The amount of the total other-than-temporary impairment related to the credit loss is recognized in earnings. The amount of the total other-than-temporary impairment related to all other factors is recognized in other comprehensive income, except for equity securities, where the full amount of the other-than-temporary impairment is recognized in earnings.

 

                Income Taxes.  Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are determined using the liability (or balance sheet) method.  Under this method, the net deferred tax asset or liability is determined based on the tax effects of the temporary differences between the book and tax bases of the various assets and liabilities and net operating loss carryforwards and gives current recognition to changes in tax rates and laws.  The realization of our deferred tax assets principally depends upon our achieving projected future taxable income.  We may change our judgments regarding future profitability due to future market conditions and other factors.  We may adjust our deferred tax asset balances if our judgments change.

 

Comparison of Financial Condition at December 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020

 

General. The Company’s total assets at December 31, 2021 were $554.1 million, an increase of $70.0 million, or 14.5%, from $484.1 million at December 31, 2020. This growth in total assets was primarily due to a $54.6 million, or 102.7%, increase in loans held for sale, and a $44.8 million, or 12.5%, increase in loans receivable, net. These increases were partially offset by a $23.2 million, or 68.4%, decrease in cash and cash equivalents and a $6.7 million, or 62.4%, decrease in investment securities available for sale at fair value. The largest increases within the loan portfolio occurred in commercial real estate which increased $52.0 million, or 39.4%, construction loans which increased $11.1 million, or 231.8%, multi-family residential loans which increased $5.3 million, or 22.0%, and one-to-four family owner occupied loans which increased $2.3 million, or 29.9%. The increases within the loan portfolio were partially offset by a decrease in commercial business loans which decreased $24.8 million, or 16.1%.

 

 

8

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents. Cash and cash equivalents decreased $23.2 million, or 68.4%, from $33.9 million at December 31, 2020 to $10.7 million at December 31, 2021 as excess liquidity was used to fund loans.

 

Investment Securities Available for Sale.  Investment securities available for sale decreased $6.7 million, or 62.4%, from $10.7 million at December 31, 2020 to $4.0 million at December 31, 2021 as the Company sold four corporate notes totaling $5.5 million and realized $362,000 of gains on the transactions.

 

Loans Held for Sale. Loans held for sale increased $54.6 million, or 102.7%, from $53.2 million at December 31, 2020 to $107.8 million at December 31, 2021 as the Bank’s mortgage banking subsidiary, Quaint Oak Mortgage, LLC, originated $225.7 million of one-to-four family residential loans during the year ended December 31, 2021 and sold $261.5 million of loans in the secondary market during this same period. Additionally, the Bank reclassified $17.4 million of equipment loans from loans receivable, net, to loans held for sale, received $9.8 million of loans held for sale from the formation of Oakmont Capital Holdings LLC, and originated $164.3 million in equipment loans held for sale during the year ended December 31, 2021. During the year ended December 31, 2021 the Company sold $101.1 million of equipment loans.

 

Loans Receivable, Net.  Loans receivable, net, increased $44.8 million, or 12.5% funded primarily from deposits, excess liquidity and FHLB borrowings. Increases within the portfolio consisted of commercial real estate which increased $52.0 million, or 39.4%, construction loans which increased $11.1 million, or 231.8%, multi-family residential loans which increased $5.3 million, or 22.0%, and one-to-four family owner occupied loans which increased $2.3 million, or 29.9%. The increases within the loan portfolio were partially offset by a decrease in commercial business loans which decreased $24.8 million, or 16.1%. The Company continues its strategy of diversifying its loan portfolio with higher yielding and shorter-term loan products and selling substantially all of its newly originated one-to-four family owner-occupied loans into the secondary market.

 

Federal Home Loan Bank Stock. Federal Home Loan Bank stock increased $513,000, or 30.8%, from $1.7 million at December 31, 2020 to $2.2 million at December 31, 2021 as the Bank increased its level of FHLB borrowings.

 

Bank-Owned Life Insurance.  The Company purchased $3.5 million in bank-owned life insurance (BOLI) as a mechanism for funding various employee benefit costs.  The Company is the beneficiary of these policies that insure the lives of certain officers of its subsidiaries. The cash surrender value of the insurance policies amounted to $4.1 million at both December 31, 2021 and 2020.

 

Premises and Equipment, Net. Premises and equipment, net, increased $312,000, or 13.3%, to $2.7 million at December 31, 2021 from $2.3 million at December 31, 2020. The increase was due primarily to technology upgrades.

 

Goodwill and Other Intangible, Net.  Goodwill increased $2.1 million, or 399.6%, from $515,000 at December 31, 2020 to $2.6 million at December 31, 2021, due to the recognition of $2.1 million of goodwill as part of the acquisition of Oakmont Capital Holdings, LLC in January 2021. Goodwill and other intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization, is also related to the acquisition by Quaint Oak Insurance Agency of the renewal rights to a book of business on August 1, 2016 at a total cost of $1.0 million. Based on a valuation, $515,000 of the purchase price was determined to be goodwill and $485,000 was determined to be related to the renewal rights to the book of business and deemed to be an other intangible asset.  This other intangible asset is being amortized over a ten year period based upon the annual retention rate of the book of business.  The balance of other intangible asset at December 31, 2021 was $222,000, net of accumulated amortization of $263,000.

 

                Other Real Estate Owned, Net. There was no other real estate owned (OREO) at December 31, 2021. During the year ended December 31, 2021, the Company held one property that was collateral for a non-performing construction loan. During the year ended December 31, 2021, the Company made $350,000 of capital improvements to the property, sold the property totaling $636,000, and realized a net loss of $73,000.  Non-performing assets amounted to $9,000 at December 31, 2021 compared to $929,000, or 0.19%, of total assets at December 31, 2020.

 

 

9

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Prepaid Expenses and Other Assets. Prepaid expenses and other assets decreased $713,000, or 13.0%, to $4.8 million at December 31, 2021 from $5.5 million at December 31, 2020, due primarily to a $1.9 million decrease in receivables due from wholesalers on the sale of mortgage loans. This decrease was also partially offset by a $506,000 net increase in the right-of-use asset driven by the capitalization of  the Company’s 117-12 Spring Garden Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania lease in accordance with the Financial Accounting Standards Board accounting standard ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842). This decrease was partially offset by a $362,000 increase in the net deferred tax asset.

 

Deposits. Total deposits increased $92.3 million, or 26.0%, to $447.2 million at December 31, 2021 from $354.8 million at December 31, 2020. This increase in deposits was primarily attributable to increases of $101.0 million, or 101.4%, in money market accounts, $10.5 million, or 19.4% in non-interest bearing checking accounts, and $2,000, or 25.0% in passbook accounts, partially offset by a decrease of $19.5 million, or 9.8%, in certificates of deposit, and a decrease of $258,000, or 16.4%, in savings accounts. The increase in money market accounts was primarily due to the attractive rate that the Company offered as customers looked for a non-maturing deposit product in a rising interest rate environment.

 

Borrowings. During the year ended December 31, 2021, the Company used excess liquidity to pay down $10.0 million of FHLB short-term and $5.0 million of FHLB long-term borrowings. During 2021, the Company borrowed $26.0 million of short-term FHLB advances to provide additional liquidity in anticipation of loan funding needs. Federal Reserve Bank (FRB) long-term borrowings decreased $44.2 million, or 91.9%, to $3.9 million at December 31, 2021 from $48.1 million at December 31, 2020 as the Company paid off PPP loans pledged as collateral under the FRB’s Paycheck Protection Program Liquidity Facility (PPPLF).  The Company did not utilize the FRB’s PPPLF to fund second round PPP loans.

 

Subordinated Debt. On December 27, 2018, the Company issued $8.0 million in subordinated notes. These notes have a maturity date of December 31, 2028, and bear interest at a fixed rate of 6.50%. The Company may, at its option, at any time on an interest payment date on or after December 31, 2023, redeem the notes, in whole or in part, at par plus accrued interest to the date of redemption. The balance of subordinated debt, net of unamortized debt issuance costs, was $7.9 million at both December 31, 2021 and 2020.

 

Accrued Expenses and Other Liabilities. Accrued expenses and other liabilities increased $2.6 million, or 74.7%, to $6.0 million at December 31, 2021 from $3.4 million at December 31, 2020, due primarily to a $547,000, or 29.8%, increase in lease liability driven by the capitalization of the Company’s 117-12 Spring Garden Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania lease in accordance with the Financial Accounting Standards Board accounting standard ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842). Also contributing to the increase in accrued expenses and other liabilities is $260,000 in accrued bonus expense and a $102,000 increase in the net tax liability.  In addition, accrued expenses and other liabilities increased as a result of Oakmont’s results for the year ended December 31, 2021.  The remainder of the increase is attributable to an increase in other expense accruals.

 

                Stockholders Equity. Total stockholders’ equity increased $8.2 million, or 28.5%, to $36.9 million at December 31, 2021 from $28.7 million at December 31, 2020.  Contributing to the increase was net income for the year ended December 31, 2021 of $6.4 million, noncontrolling interest of $1.7 million, net income attributable to noncontrolling interest of $418,000, common stock earned by participants in the employee stock ownership plan of $265,000, amortization of stock awards and options under our stock compensation plans of $168,000, the reissuance of treasury stock under the Bank’s 401(k) Plan of $96,000 and the reissuance of treasury stock for exercised stock options of $87,000. These increases were partially offset by dividends paid of $839,000, other comprehensive loss, net of $95,000, and the purchase of treasury stock of $25,000.

 

 

10

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Comparison of Operating Results for the Years Ended December 31, 2021 and 2020

 

General. Net income amounted to $6.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2021 compared to $3.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2020, an increase of $3.2 million, or 97.3%.  The increase was primarily the result of an increase in net interest income of $9.8 million and an increase in non-interest income of $5.3 million, partially offset by an increase in non-interest expense of $9.0 million, an increase in the provision for loan losses of $1.4 million and an increase in the provision for income taxes of $1.2 million.

 

Net Interest Income.  Net interest income increased $9.8 million, or 90.3%, to $20.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2021 from $10.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2020.  The increase in net interest income was driven by an $8.7 million, or 53.1% increase in interest income and a $1.1 million, or 20.3%, decrease in interest expense.

 

                Interest Income.  Interest income increased $8.7 million, or 53.1%, to $25.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2021 from $16.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2020.  The increase in interest income was primarily due to a $151.6 million increase in average loans receivable, net, including loans held for sale, which increased from an average balance of $332.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2020 to an average balance of $483.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2021, and had the effect of increasing interest income $7.1 million. The increase in interest income was also due to a 37 basis point increase in the yield on average loans receivable, net, including loans held for sale, which increased from 4.71% for the year ended December 31, 2020 to 5.10% for the year ended December 31, 2021, and had the effect of increasing interest income $1.8 million. The increase in interest income was partially offset by a $263,000, or 39.5%, decrease in interest and dividends on investment securities, interest-bearing deposits with others, and Federal Home Loan Bank stock.

 

                Interest Expense.  Interest expense decreased $1.1 million, or 20.3%, to $4.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2021 from $5.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2020.  The decrease in interest expense was primarily attributable to an 82 basis point decrease in rate on average certificate of deposit accounts, which decreased from 1.95% for the year ended December 31, 2020 to 1.13% for the year ended December 31, 2021, and had the effect of decreasing interest expense by $1.5 million. Also contributing to this decrease was a $16.7 million decrease in average certificate of deposit accounts which decreased from an average balance of $195.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2020 to an average balance of $178.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2021, and had the effect of decreasing interest expense $326,000. The decrease in interest expense was partially offset by a $126.8 million increase in average money market accounts which increased from $47.4 million at December 31, 2021 to $174.1 million at December 31, 2021 and had the effect of increasing interest expense $1.1 million. The average interest rate spread decreased from 2.67% for the year ended December 31, 2020 to 3.75% for the year ended December 31, 2021 while the net interest margin decreased from 2.93% for the year ended December 31, 2020 to 3.93% for the year ended December 31, 2021. The Company also experienced strong growth in average non-interest bearing deposits, which increased 107.7% at December 31, 2021, compared to December 31, 2020. Interest expense on deposits continues to be actively managed to lower costs.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11

 

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Average Balances, Net Interest Income, Yields Earned and Rates Paid. The following table shows for the periods indicated the total dollar amount of interest from average interest-earning assets and the resulting yields, as well as the interest expense on average interest-bearing liabilities, expressed both in dollars and rates, and the net interest margin.  All average balances are based on daily balances.

 

 

  Year Ended December 31,
  

2021

   

2020

 
  

Average

Balance

  

Interest

  

Average

Yield/

Rate

   

Average

Balance

  

Interest

  

Average

Yield/

Rate

 
  

(Dollars In Thousands)

Interest -earning assets:

                         

Due from banks, interest-bearing

 $25,076  $30  $0.12%  $17,373  $72  $0.42%

Investment in interest-earning time deposits

  8,090   197   2.43    9,760   244   2.50 

Investment securities available for sale

  5,966   99   1.66    9,383   261   2.78 

Loans receivable, net (1) (2)

  483,733   24,592   5.10    332,146   15,657   4.71 

Investment in FHLB stock

  1,652   77   4.67    1,438   89   6.19 

Total interest-earning assets

  524,517   24,995   4.78   370,100   16,323   4.41%

Non-interest-earning assets

   17,815             14,386         
Total assets $542,332           $384,486         
Interest-bearing liabilities:                         

Passbook accounts

  11  $*   *  $6   $*   * %

Savings accounts

  1,655   3   0.18    1,826   4   0.22 

Money market accounts

  174,126   1,048   0.60    47,351   392   0.83 

Certificate of deposit accounts

  178,721   2,012   1.13    195,401   3,820   1.95 

Total deposits

  354,513   3,063   0.86    244,584   4,216   1.72 

FHLB short-term borrowings

  10,405   31   0.30    3,292   37   1.12 

FHLB long-term borrowings

  25,648   518   2.02    28,979   607   2.09 

FRB long-term borrowings

  23,266   81   0.35    30,534   108   0.35 
Other short-term borrowings  1,300   162   12.46    --   --   -- 

Subordinated debt

  7,915   520   6.57    7,881   520   6.60 

Total interest-bearing liabilities

  423,047   4,375   1.03%   315,270   5,488   1.74
Non-interest-bearing liabilities  88,315            42,530         

Total liabilities

  511,362           $357,800         
Stockholders' Equity  30,970            26,686         
Total liabilities and Stockholders' Equity $542,332           $384,486         
                          
Net interest-earning assets $101,470  $20,620   3.75%  $54,830  $10,835   2.67%
Net interest income; average interest reate spread          3.93%           2.93%
Net interest margin (3)                         
Average interest-earning assets to average                         
  interest-bearing liabilities          123.99%           117.39%

__________________

*              Not meaningful

(1)           Includes loans held for sale.

(2)           Includes non-accrual loans during the respective periods.  Calculated net of deferred fees and discounts, loans in process and allowance for loan losses.

(3)           Equals net interest income divided by average interest-earning assets.

 

 

12

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

               Rate/Volume Analysis. The following table shows the extent to which changes in interest rates and changes in volume of interest-earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities affected our interest income and expense during the periods indicated.  For each category of interest-earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities, information is provided on changes attributable to (1) changes in rate, which is the change in rate multiplied by prior year volume, (2) changes in volume, which is the change in volume multiplied by prior year rate, and (3) changes in rate/volume, which is the change in rate multiplied by the change in volume. 

 

  

2021 vs. 2020

  

2020 vs. 2019

 
  

Increase (Decrease) Due to

      

Increase (Decrease) Due to

     
              

Total

              

Total

 
          

Rate/

  

Increase

          

Rate/

  

Increase

 
  

Rate

  

Volume

  

Volume

  

(Decrease)

  

Rate

  

Volume

  

Volume

  

(Decrease)

 
  

(In Thousands)

 

Interest income:

                                

Due from banks, interest-bearing

 $(52) $32  $(23) $(43) $(298) $24  $(20) $(294)

Investment in interest-earning time deposits

  (6)  (42)  1   (47)  (28)  3   --   (25)

Investment securities available for sale

  (105)  (95)  38   (162)  4   29   --   33 

Loans receivable, net (1) (2)

  1,229   7,145   561   8,935   (1,937)  5,190   (763)  2,490 

Investment in FHLB stock

  (22)  14   (3)  (11)  (7)  16   (1)  8 

Total interest-earning assets

  1,044   7,054   574   8,672   (2,266)  5,262   (784)  2,212 

Interest expense:

                                

Passbook accounts

  --   --   --   --   --   --   --   -- 

Savings accounts

  --   --   --   --   --   --   --   -- 

Money market accounts

  (108)  1,051   (289)  654   8   158   6   172 

Certificate of deposit accounts

  (1,619)  (326)  138   (1,807)  (603)  423   (63)  (243)

Total deposits

  (1,727)  725   (151)  (1,153)  (595)  581   (57)  (71)

FHLB short-term borrowings

  (27)  80   (59)  (6)  (78)  (58)  32   (104)

FHLB long-term borrowings

  (22)  (70)  3   (89)  (32)  172   (12)  128 

FRB long-term borrowings

  (2)  (26)  1   (27)  --   --   108   108 

Subordinated debt

  (2)  2   --   --   (1)  2   --   1 

Other short-term borrowings

  --   --   162   162   (1)  2   --   1 

Total interest-bearing liabilities

  (1,780)  711   (44)  (1,113)  (706)  697   71   62 

Increase (decrease) in net interest income

 $2,824  $6,343  $618  $9,785  $(1,560) $4,565  $(855) $2,150 

 

_______________________

(1)   Includes loans held for sale.

(2)   Includes non-accrual loans during the respective periods.  Calculated net of deferred fees and discounts, loans in process and allowance for loan losses.

 

Provision for Loan Losses. The Company increased its provision for loan losses by $1.4 million, or 165.2%, from $830,000 for the year ended December 31, 2020 to $2.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2021, based on an evaluation of the allowance relative to such factors as volume of the loan portfolio, concentrations of credit risk, prevailing economic conditions, prior loan loss experience and amount of non-performing loans at December 31, 2021.

 

Non-performing loans at December 31, 2021 consisted of one loan on non-accrual status in the amount of $9,000. Comparably, non-performing loans amounted to $643,000 or 0.18% of net loans receivable at December 31, 2020, consisting of five loans, two loans of which were on nonaccrual status and three loans of which were 90 days or more past due and accruing interest. The non-performing loans at December 31, 2021 consisted of one one-to-four family non-owner occupied residential loan, and is generally well-collateralized or adequately reserved for. The allowance for loan losses as a percent of total loans receivable was 1.29% at December 31, 2021 and 0.85% at December 31, 2020.

 

                There was no other real estate owned (OREO) at December 31, 2021. During the year ended December 31, 2021, the Company held one property that was collateral for a non-performing construction loan. During the year ended December 31, 2021, the Company made $350,000 of capital improvements to the property, sold the property totaling $636,000, and realized a net loss of $73,000.  Non-performing assets amounted to $9,000 at December 31, 2021 compared to $929,000, or 0.19% of total assets at December 31, 2020.

 

 

13

 

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Non-Interest Income. Non-interest income increased $5.3 million, or 80.0%, from $6.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2020 to $12.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2021.  The increase was primarily attributable to a $2.6 million, or 59.3%, increase in net gain on loans held for sale, a $1.0 million, or 897.4%, increase in gain on the sales of SBA loans, a $920,000, or 58.3%, increase in mortgage banking and title abstract fees, a $362,000 increase in gain on sale of investment securities available for sale, a $146,000, or 133.9%, increase in other fees and service charges, a $124,000, or 62.9%, decrease in loss on sales and write-downs of other real estate owned, a $19,000, or 3.9% increase in insurance commissions, and an $11,000, or 6.9%, increase in real estate sales commissions, net, earned by Quaint Oak Real Estate, a wholly owned subsidiary of Quaint Oak Bank.

 

                Non-Interest Expense.  Non-interest expense increased $9.0 million, or 73.9%, from $12.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2020 to $21.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2021.  Salaries and employee benefits expense accounted for $7.1 million of the change as this expense increased 84.4%, from $8.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2020 to $15.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2021 due to expanding and improving the level of staff at the Bank and its subsidiary companies, primarily in the area of lending operations.  Occupancy and equipment expense accounted for $708,000 of the change as this expense increased 77.5%, from $913,000 for the year ended December 31, 2020 to $1.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2021.  Other expense accounted for $417,000 of the change as this expense increased 43.1%, from $968,000 for the year ended December 31, 2020 to $1.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2021 due primarily to the increase in subscription costs related to installing a new real estate closing platform at Quaint Oak Abstract, LLC.  Advertising expense increased $238,000, or 210.6%, from $113,000 for the year ended December 31, 2020 to $351,000 for the year ended December 31, 2021. Data processing costs accounted for $184,000 of the change as this expense increased 25.7%, from $717,000 for the year ended December 31, 2020 to $901,000 for the year ended December 31, 2021, due primarily to recurring costs associated with the Bank’s checking and other transaction account products.  Professional fees accounted for $118,000 of the change as this expense increased 21.8%, from $541,000 for the year ended December 31, 2020 to $659,000 for the year ended December 31, 2021, due primarily to increased audit and compliance costs. FDIC deposit insurance assessment increased $210,000, from $121,000 for the year ended December 31, 2020 to $331,000 for the year ended December 31, 2021.  Directors’ fees and expenses accounted for $20,000 of the change as this expense increased 8.6%, from $232,000 for the year ended December 2020 to $252,000 for the year ended December 31, 2021.  Partially offsetting these increases was other real estate owned expense which decreased $42,000, or 100.0%, from $42,000 for the year ended December 31, 2020 to none for the year ended December 31, 2021.

 

Provision for Income Tax. The provision for income tax increased $1.2 million, or 92.9%, from $1.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2020 to $2.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2021 due primarily to an increase in pre-tax income for the year ended December 31, 2021. 

 

Operating Segments

 

The Company’s operations consist of two reportable operating segments: Banking and Mortgage Banking. Our Banking Segment generates revenues primarily from its lending, deposit gathering and fee business activities. Our Mortgage Banking Segment originates residential mortgage loans which are sold into the secondary market along with the loans’ servicing rights. Detailed segment information appears in Note 20 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

Our Banking Segment reported a pre-tax segment profit (“PTSP”) for the year ended December 31, 2021 of $8.7 million, a $6.7 million, or 331.1%, increase from the year ended December 31, 2020.  This increase in PTSP was due to a $9.6 million increase in net interest income and a $6.7 million increase in non-interest income, partially offset by an $8.2 million increase in non-interest expense, and a $1.4 million increase in the provision for loan losses.  The increase in non-interest expense was due primarily to a $6.5 million, or 93.3%, increase in salaries and employee benefits expense, a $691,000, or 109.5%, increase in occupancy and equipment, a $380,000, or 41.8%, increase in other expense, a $210,000 increase in FDIC deposit insurance assessment, a $197,000, or 214.1%, increase in advertising expense, and a $135,000, or 28.7%, increase in data processing expense. The increase in non-interest income was primarily due to a $3.4 million increase in net gain on loans held for sale, a $1.0 million, or 109.9%, increase in mortgage banking and title abstract fees, a $1.0 million increase in gain on the sale of SBA loans, a $362,000 increase in gain on sale of investment securities available for sale, a $149,000 increase in loan servicing income, a $146,000, or 133.9%, increase in other fees and service charges, and a $124,000 decrease in the loss on sales and write-downs of other real estate owned. The $3.4 million in net gain on loans held for sale by our Banking Segment was due to the increase in equipment loans held for sale. The increase in net interest income was primarily attributable to an increase in interest income, driven by higher average loan balances and yields, partially offset by a higher cost of funds. 

 

14

 

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Our Mortgage Banking Segment reported a PTSP for the year ended December 31, 2021 of $641,000, an $1.9 million, or 74.6%, decrease from the year ended December 31, 2020.  The decrease in PTSP was primarily due to a $1.3 million decrease in non-interest income which was driven by decreases of $1.2 million in net gain on the sale of loans and $501,000 in processing fees.  Also contributing to this decrease was a $776,000 increase in non-interest expense, partially offset by a $229,000 increase in net interest income.

 

Exposure to Changes in Interest Rates

 

                The Company’s ability to maintain net interest income depends upon its ability to earn a higher yield on assets than the rates it pays on deposits and borrowings.  The Company’s interest-earning assets consist primarily of loans collateralized by real estate which have longer maturities than our liabilities, consisting primarily of certificates of deposit, money market accounts and to a lesser extent borrowings.  Consequently, the Company’s ability to maintain a positive spread between the interest earned on assets and the interest paid on deposits and borrowings can be adversely affected when market rates of interest rise.  At December 31, 2021 and 2020, certificates of deposit amounted to $179.9 million and $199.4 million, respectively, or 32.5% and 41.2%, respectively, of total assets at such dates.

 

Gap Analysis.  The matching of assets and liabilities may be analyzed by examining the extent to which such assets and liabilities are “interest rate sensitive” and by monitoring a bank’s interest rate sensitivity “gap.”  An asset and liability is said to be interest rate sensitive within a specific time period if it will mature or reprice within that time period.  The interest rate sensitivity gap is defined as the difference between the amount of interest-earning assets maturing or repricing within a specific time period and the amount of interest-bearing liabilities maturing or repricing within that same time period.  A gap is considered positive when the amount of interest rate sensitive assets exceeds the amount of interest rate sensitive liabilities.  A gap is considered negative when the amount of interest rate sensitive liabilities exceeds the amount of interest rate sensitive assets.  During a period of rising interest rates, a negative gap would tend to adversely affect net interest income while a positive gap would tend to result in an increase in net interest income.  Conversely, during a period of falling interest rates, a negative gap would tend to result in an increase in net interest income while a positive gap would tend to affect adversely net interest income.  Our current interest rate risk management policy provides that our one-year interest rate gap as a percentage of total assets should not exceed positive or negative 20%.  This policy was adopted by our management and Board of Directors based upon their judgment that it established an appropriate benchmark for the level of interest-rate risk, expressed in terms of the one-year gap, for the Company.  If our one-year gap position approaches or exceeds the 20% policy limit, management will obtain simulation results in order to determine what steps might appropriately be taken, in order to maintain our one-year gap in accordance with the policy.  Alternatively, depending on the then-current economic scenario, we could determine to make an exception to our policy or we could determine to revise our policy.  Our one-year cumulative gap was a positive 2.6% at December 31, 2021, compared to a positive 2.9% at December 31, 2020. 

 

               The following table sets forth the amounts of our interest-earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities outstanding at December 31, 2021, which we expect, based upon certain assumptions, to reprice or mature in each of the future time periods shown. Except as stated below, the amount of assets and liabilities shown which reprice or mature during a particular period were determined in accordance with the earlier of term to repricing or the contractual maturity of the asset or liability.  The table sets forth an approximation of the projected repricing of assets and liabilities at December 31, 2021, on the basis of contractual maturities, anticipated prepayments, and scheduled rate adjustments within a three-month period and subsequent selected time intervals.  The loan amounts in the table reflect principal balances expected to be redeployed and/or repriced as a result of contractual amortization and anticipated prepayments of adjustable-rate loans and fixed-rate loans, and as a result of contractual rate adjustments on adjustable-rate loans.  The Company’s annual historical prepayment rates are applied to loans.  Money market, savings and passbook accounts are assumed to have annual rates of withdrawal, or “decay rates,” of 40%, 40%, and 20%, respectively.

 

 

15

 

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

 

  

3 Months

or Less

  

More than

3 Months

to 1 Year

  

More than

1 Year

to 3 Years

  

More than

3 Years

to 5 Years

  

More than

5 Years

  

Total

Amount

 
  

(Dollars In Thousands)

 

Interest-earning assets (1):

                        

Due from banks, interest-bearing

 $9,851  $--  $--  $--  $--  $9,851 

Investment in interest-earning time deposits

  1,553   2,934   3,437   --   --   7,924 

Investment securities available for sale

  4,033   --   --   --   --   4,033 

Loans held for sale

  107,823   --   --   --   --   107,823 

Loans receivable (2)

  45,096   28,566   72,436   169,915   96,179   412,192 

Investment in Federal Home Loan Bank stock

  --   --   --   --   2,178   2,178 

Total interest-earning assets

 $168,356  $31,500  $75,873  $169,915  $98,357  $544,001 
                         

Interest-bearing liabilities:

                        

Passbook accounts

 $1  $1  $6  $1  $1  $10 

Savings accounts

  366   366   731   182   182   1,827 

Money market accounts

  40,138   40,138   80,275   20,069   20,068   200,688 

Certificate accounts

  20,946   46,627   95,806   16,531   --   179,910 

FHLB borrowings

  26,000   7,171   7,000   9,022   --   49,193 

FRB borrowings

  --   3,895   --   --   --   3,895 

Subordinated debt

  --   --   --   --   7,933   7,933 

Total interest-bearing liabilities

 $87,451  $98,198  $183,818  $45,805  $28,184  $443,456 
                         

Interest-earning assets less interest-bearing liabilities

 $80,905  $(66,698) $(107,945) $124,110  $70,173     
                         

Cumulative interest-rate sensitivity gap (3)

 $80,905  $14,207  $(93,738) $30,372  $100,545     
                         

Cumulative interest-rate gap as a percentage of total assets at December 31, 2021

  14.6%  2.6%  (16.9)%  5.5%  18.1%    
                         
Cumulative interest-earning assets as a percentage of                         

    cumulative interest-bearing liabilities at December 31, 2021

  192.5%  107.7%  74.6%  107.3%  122.7%    

 

________________________

(1)   Interest-earning assets are included in the period in which the balances are expected to be redeployed and/or repriced as a result of anticipated prepayments, scheduled rate adjustments and

        contractual maturities.

(2)   For purposes of the gap analysis, loans receivable includes non-performing loans gross of the allowance for loan losses and deferred loan fees.

(3)   Interest-rate sensitivity gap represents the difference between net interest-earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities.

           Qualitative Analysis. Our ability to maintain a positive “spread” between the interest earned on assets and the interest paid on deposits and borrowings is affected by changes in interest rates.  The Company’s fixed-rate loans generally are profitable if interest rates are stable or declining since these loans have yields that exceed its cost of funds.  If interest rates increase, however, the Company would have to pay more on its deposits and new borrowings, which would adversely affect its interest rate spread.  In order to counter the potential effects of dramatic increases in market rates of interest, the Company intends to continue to originate more variable rate loans and increase core deposits.  The Company also intends to place a greater emphasis on shorter-term home equity loans and commercial business loans.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

            The Company’s primary sources of funds are deposits, amortization and prepayment of loans and to a lesser extent, loan sales and other funds provided from operations.  While scheduled principal and interest payments on loans are a relatively predictable source of funds, deposit flows and loan prepayments are greatly influenced by general interest rates, economic conditions and competition.  The Company sets the interest rates on its deposits to maintain a desired level of total deposits.  In addition, the Company invests excess funds in short-term interest-earning assets that provide additional liquidity.  At December 31, 2021, the Company’s cash and cash equivalents amounted to $10.7 million.  At such date, the Company also had $4.5 million invested in interest-earning time deposits maturing in one year or less.

 

 

16

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

The Company uses its liquidity to fund existing and future loan commitments, to fund deposit outflows, to invest in other interest-earning assets, and to meet operating expenses.  At December 31, 2021, Quaint Oak Bank had outstanding commitments to originate loans of $27.9 million, commitments under unused lines of credit of $38.7 million, and $4.8 million under standby letters of credit.

 

At December 31, 2021, certificates of deposit scheduled to mature in one year or less totaled $67.6 million.  Based on prior experience, management believes that a significant portion of such deposits will remain with us, although there can be no assurance that this will be the case.

 

                In addition to cash flow from loan payments and prepayments and deposits, the Company has significant borrowing capacity available to fund liquidity needs.  If the Company requires funds beyond its ability to generate them internally, borrowing agreements exist with the Federal Home Loan Bank of Pittsburgh (FHLB), which provide an additional source of funds.  As of December 31, 2021, we had $49.2 million of borrowings from the FHLB and had $276.9 million in borrowing capacity. Under terms of the collateral agreement with the FHLB of Pittsburgh, we pledge residential mortgage loans as well as Quaint Oak Bank’s FHLB stock as collateral for such advances.  In addition, as of December 31, 2021 Quaint Oak Bank had $899,000 in borrowing capacity with the Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia.  There were no borrowings under this facility at December 31, 2021.  The Bank also has borrowing capacity with the FRB under the PPPLF program in the amount of the outstanding pledged PPP loans that totaled $42.6 million at December 31, 2021. Quaint Oak Bank’s outstanding advances with the FRB under the PPPLF program were $3.9 million as of December 31, 2021.

 

Total stockholders’ equity increased $8.2 million, or 28.5%, to $36.9 million at December 31, 2021 from $28.7 million at December 31, 2020.  Contributing to the increase was net income for the year ended December 31, 2021 of $6.4 million, noncontrolling interest of $1.7 million, net gain attributable to noncontrolling interest of $418,000, common stock earned by participants in the employee stock ownership plan of $265,000, amortization of stock awards and options under our stock compensation plans of $168,000, the reissuance of treasury stock under the Bank’s 401(k) Plan of $96,000 and the reissuance of treasury stock for exercised stock options of $87,000. These increases were partially offset by dividends paid of $839,000, other comprehensive loss, net of $95,000, and the purchase of treasury stock of $25,000. For further discussion of the stock compensation plans, see Note 14 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements contained elsewhere herein.

 

Quaint Oak Bank is required to maintain regulatory capital sufficient to meet tier 1 leverage, common equity tier 1 capital, tier 1 risk-based and total risk-based capital ratios of at least 4.00%, 4.50%, 6.00%, and 8.00%, respectively.  At December 31, 2021, Quaint Oak Bank exceeded each of its capital requirements with ratios of 7.41%, 9.45%, 9.45% and 10.69%, respectively. As a small savings and loan holding company, the Company is not currently subject to any regulatory capital requirements.  For further discussion of the Bank’s regulatory capital requirements, see Note 18 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements contained elsewhere herein.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

                In the normal course of operations, we engage in a variety of financial transactions that, in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles are not recorded in our financial statements.  These transactions involve, to varying degrees, elements of credit, interest rate, and liquidity risk.  Such transactions are used primarily to manage customers’ requests for funding and take the form of loan commitments and lines of credit.  Our exposure to credit loss from non-performance by the other party to the above-mentioned financial instruments is represented by the contractual amount of those instruments.  We use the same credit policies in making commitments and conditional obligations as we do for on-balance sheet instruments.  In general, we do not require collateral or other security to support financial instruments with off–balance sheet credit risk.

 

 

17

 

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Commitments. At December 31, 2021, we had unfunded commitments under lines of credit of $38.7 million, $27.9 million of commitments to originate loans, and $4.8 million under standby letters of credit. We had no commitments to advance additional amounts pursuant to outstanding lines of credit or undisbursed construction loans. 

 

Contractual Cash Obligations

 

                 The following table summarizes our contractual cash obligations at December 31, 2021.  The balances in the table do not reflect interest due on these obligations.

 

      

Payments Due By Period

 
  

Total

  

To

1 Year

  

1-3

Years

  

4-5

Years

  

After 5

Years

 
  

(In Thousands)

 

Operating leases

 $2,377  $179   315  $291  $1,592 

Certificates of deposit

  179,910   67,574   96,806   15,530   -- 

FHLB borrowings

  49,193   33,171   16,022   --   -- 

FRB borrowings

  3,895   3,895   --   --   -- 

Total contractual obligations

 $235,375  $104,819  $113,143  $15,821  $1,592 

 

Impact of Inflation and Changing Prices

 

                 The consolidated financial statements and related financial data presented herein have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America which generally require the measurement of financial position and operating results in terms of historical dollars, without considering changes in relative purchasing power over time due to inflation. Unlike most industrial companies, virtually all of the Company’s assets and liabilities are monetary in nature.  As a result, interest rates generally have a more significant impact on the Company’s performance than does the effect of inflation. Interest rates do not necessarily move in the same direction or in the same magnitude as the prices of goods and services, since such prices are affected by inflation to a larger extent than interest rates.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

18

 

 

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 
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REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

 

To the Stockholders and the Board of Directors of Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.

 

Opinion on the Financial Statements

 

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc. and subsidiary (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2021 and 2020; the related consolidated statements of income, comprehensive income, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for the years then ended; and the related notes to the consolidated financial statements (collectively, the financial statements). In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2021 and 2020, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for the years then ended, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

 

Basis for Opinion

 

These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB) and are required to be independent, with respect to the Company, in accordance with U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

 

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audits, we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.

 

Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

Critical Audit Matters

 

The critical audit matters communicated below are matters arising from the current period audit of the financial statements that were communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that: (1) relate to accounts or disclosures that are material to the financial statements; and (2) involved our especially challenging, subjective, or complex judgments. The communication of critical audit matters does not alter, in any way, our opinion on the financial statements, taken as a whole, and we are not, by communicating the critical audit matters below, providing separate opinions on the critical audit matters or on the accounts or disclosures to which they relate.

 

 

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19

 

 

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

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Allowance for Loan Losses (ALL) Qualitative Factors

 

Description of the Matter

The Company’s loan portfolio totaled $409.2 million as of December 31, 2021, and the associated ALL was $5.3 million. As discussed in Note 7 to the consolidated financial statements, determining the amount of the ALL requires significant judgment about the collectability of loans, which includes an assessment of quantitative factors such as historical loss experience within each risk category of loans and testing of certain commercial loans for impairment. Management applies additional qualitative adjustments to reflect the inherent losses that exist in the loan portfolio at the balance sheet date that are not reflected in the historical loss experience. Qualitative adjustments are made based upon changes in trends in delinquencies and non-accruals, trends in volume and terms of loans, credit concentrations, risk rating, collateral values, experience, ability and depth of lending staff and management, national and local economic trends and conditions, COVID-19 pandemic, quality of loan review system, and lending policies.

 

We identified these qualitative adjustments within the ALL as critical audit matters because they involve a high degree of subjectivity. In turn, auditing management’s judgments regarding the qualitative factors applied in the ALL calculation involved a high degree of subjectivity.

 

How We Addressed the Matter in Our Audit

 

We gained an understanding of the Company’s process for establishing the ALL, including the qualitative adjustments made to the ALL. We evaluated the design and tested the operating effectiveness of controls over the Company’s ALL process, which included, among others, management’s review and approval controls designed to assess the need and level of qualitative adjustments to the ALL, as well as the reliability of the data utilized to support management’s assessment.

 

To test the qualitative adjustments, we evaluated the appropriateness of management’s methodology and assessed whether all relevant risks were reflected in the ALL.

 

Regarding the measurement of the qualitative adjustments, we evaluated the completeness, accuracy, and relevance of the data and inputs utilized in management’s estimate. For example, we compared the inputs and data to the Company’s historical loan performance data, third-party macroeconomic data, and peer bank data and considered the existence of new or contrary information. We also compared the ALL to a range of historical losses to evaluate the ALL, including the reasonableness of qualitative adjustments. Furthermore, we analyzed the changes in the components of the qualitative reserves relative to changes in external market factors, the Company’s loan portfolio, and asset quality trends, which included the evaluation of management’s ability to capture and assess relevant data from both external sources and internal reports on loan customers affected by the COVID-19 pandemic and the supporting documentation for substantiating revisions to qualitative factors.

 

We also utilized internal credit review specialists with knowledge to evaluate the appropriateness of management’s risk-rating processes, to ensure that the risk ratings applied to the commercial loan portfolio were reasonable.

 

We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2013.

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Cranberry Township, Pennsylvania

March 30, 2022

 

 

 

20

 

 

 

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

Consolidated Balance Sheets

 

  

At December 31,

   At December 31,  
  

2021

  

2020

 
  

(In thousands, except share data)

 

Assets

        

Due from banks, non-interest-bearing

 $854  $205 

Due from banks, interest-bearing

  9,851   33,708 

Cash and cash equivalents

  10,705   33,913 

Investment in interest-earning time deposits

  7,924   9,463 

Investment securities available for sale

  4,033   10,725 

Loans held for sale

  107,823   53,191 

Loans receivable, net of allowance for loan losses (2021 $5,262; 2020 $3,061)

  403,966   359,122 

Accrued interest receivable

  3,139   3,054 

Investment in Federal Home Loan Bank stock, at cost

  2,178   1,665 

Bank-owned life insurance

  4,137   4,054 

Premises and equipment, net

  2,653   2,341 

Goodwill

  2,573   515 

Other intangible, net of accumulated amortization

  222   271 

Other real estate owned, net

  --   286 

Prepaid expenses and other assets

  4,762   5,475 

Total Assets

 $554,115  $484,075 
         

Liabilities and Stockholders Equity

 

Liabilities

        

Deposits:

        

Non-interest bearing

 $64,731  $54,202 

Interest-bearing

  382,435   300,643 

Total deposits

  447,166   354,845 

Federal Home Loan Bank short-term borrowings

  26,000   10,000 

Federal Home Loan Bank long-term borrowings

  23,193   28,193 

Federal Reserve Bank long-term borrowings

  3,895   48,134 

Subordinated debt

  7,933   7,899 

Accrued interest payable

  174   362 

Advances from borrowers for taxes and insurance

  2,856   2,486 

Accrued expenses and other liabilities

  5,989   3,428 

Total Liabilities

  517,206   455,347 
         

Stockholders Equity

        

Preferred stock – $0.01 par value, 1,000,000 shares authorized; none issued or outstanding

  --   -- 

Common stock – $0.01 par value; 9,000,000 shares authorized; 2,777,250 issued; 2,011,313 and 1,986,528 

        

outstanding at December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively

  28   28 

Additional paid-in capital

  15,685   15,282 

Treasury stock, at cost: 765,937 and 790,722 shares at December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively

  (4,977)  (5,114)

Unallocated common stock held by:

        

Employee Stock Ownership Plan (ESOP)

  --   (51)

Accumulated other comprehensive income

  23   118 

Retained earnings

  24,030   18,465 

Total Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc. Stockholders Equity

  34,789   28,728 

Noncontrolling Interest

  2,120   -- 

Total Stockholders Equity

  36,909   28,728 

Total Liabilities and Stockholders Equity

 $554,115  $484,075 

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

21

 

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

Consolidated Statements of Income

 

  

Years Ended December 31,

 
  

2021

  

2020

 
  

(In thousands, except share

 
  

and per share data)

 

Interest Income

        

Interest on loans, including fees

 $24,592  $15,657 

Interest and dividends on investment securities, interest-bearing deposits with others, and Federal Home Loan Bank stock

  403   666 

Total Interest Income

  24,995   16,323 
         
Interest Expense        

Interest on deposits

  3,063   4,216 

Interest on Federal Home Loan Bank short-term borrowings

  31   37 

Interest on Federal Home Loan Bank long-term borrowings

  518   607 

Interest on Federal Reserve Bank long-term borrowings

  81   108 

Interest on other short-term borrowings

  162      -- 

Interest on subordinated debt

  520   520 

Total Interest Expense

  4,375   5,488 

 

Net Interest Income

  20,620   10,835 

 

Provision for Loan Losses

  2,201   830 
         
Net Interest Income after Provision for Loan Losses  18,419   10,005 

 

Non-Interest Income

        

Mortgage banking and title abstract fees

  2,499   1,579 

Real estate sales commissions, net

  170   159 

Insurance commissions

  509   490 

Other fees and services charges

  255   109 

Loan servicing income

  149   -- 

Income from bank-owned life insurance

  83   80 

Net gain on loans held for sale

  6,881   4,320 

Gain on the sale of SBA loans

  1,147   115 

Gain on sale of investment securities available for sale

  362   -- 

Loss on sales and write-downs of other real estate owned

  (73)  (197)

Total Non-Interest Income, net

  11,982   6,655 

 

Non-Interest Expense

        

Salaries and employee benefits

  15,538   8,427 

Directors’ fees and expenses

  252   232 

Occupancy and equipment

  1,621   913 

Data processing

  901   717 

Professional fees

  659   541 

FDIC deposit insurance assessment

  331   121 

Other real estate owned expenses

  -   42 

Advertising

  351   113 

Amortization of other intangible

  49   49 

Other

  1,385   968 

Total Non-Interest Expense

  21,087   12,123 

Income before Income Taxes

  9,314   4,537 

Income Taxes

  2,492   1,292 

Net Income

 $6,822  $3,245 

Net Income Attributable to Noncontrolling Interest

 $418  $-- 

Net Income Attributable to Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.

 $6,404  $3,245 

Consolidated Statements of Income

        

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

22

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

Consolidated Statements of Income

 

Earnings per share basic

 $3.21  $1.64 

Average shares outstanding - basic

  1,995,468   1,975,836 

Earnings per share - diluted

 $3.06  $1.61 

Average shares outstanding - diluted

  2,093,108   2,012,399 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

23

 

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income

 

  

Years Ended December 31,

 
  

2021

  

2020

 
  

(In Thousands)

 
         

Net Income

 $6,822  $3,245 
         

Other Comprehensive Income:

        

Unrealized gains on investment securities available for sale

  242   125 

Income tax effect

  (51)  (27)

Reclassification adjustment for gain on sale of investment securities included in net income

  (362)  -- 

Income tax effect

  76   -- 

Net other comprehensive (loss) income

  (95)  98 
         

Total Comprehensive Income

 $6,727  $3,343 
         

Comprehensive Income Attributable to Noncontrolling Interest

 $418  $-- 
         

Comprehensive Income Attributable to Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.

 $6,309  $3,343 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

24

 

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Equity

 

                   Unallocated                 
                   Common   Accumulated             
   Number of       Additional       Stock Held   Other           Total 
   Shares       Paid-in   Treasury   by Benefit   Comprehensive   Retained   Noncontrolling   Stockholders' 
   Outstanding    Amounts    Capital    Stock   Plans     Income (Loss)   Earnings    Interest    Equity 

BALANCE – DECEMBER 31, 2019

  1,984,857  $28  $14,990  $(4,950) $(118) $20  $15,937  $0  $25,907 
                                     

Common stock allocated by

ESOP (14,428 shares)

          106       67               173 
                                     

Treasury stock purchased

  (28,891)  0   0   (349)  0   0   0   0   (349)
                                     

Reissuance of treasury stock

under 401(k) Plan

  8,641       44   53                   97 
                                     

Reissuance of treasury stock

under stock incentive plan

  9,421   0   (57)  57   0   0   0   0   -- 
                                     

Reissuance of treasury stock

for exercised stock options

  12,500   0   26   75   0   0   0   0   101 
                                     

Stock based

compensation expense

          173                       173 
                                     

Cash dividends declared

($0.34 per share)

                          (717)      (717)
                                     

Net income

      0   0   0   0   0   3,245   0   3,245 
                                     

Other comprehensive

income, net

      0   0   0   0   98   0   0   98 
                                     

BALANCE – DECEMBER

31, 2020

  1,986,528  $28  $15,282  $(5,114) $(51) $118  $18,465  $0  $28,728 
                                     

Common stock allocated

by ESOP  (14,821 shares)

  4,000   0   190   24   51   0   0   0   265 
                                     

Treasury stock purchased

  (1,398)  0   0   (25)  0   0   0   0   (25)
                                     

Reissuance of treasury

stock under 401(k) Plan

  5,262   0   63   33   0   0   0   0   96 
                                     

Reissuance of treasury

stock under stock

incentive plan

  9,421   0   (58)  58   0   0   0   0   -- 
                                     

Reissuance of treasury

stock for exercised stock

options

  7,500   0   40   47   0   0   0   0   87 
                                     

Stock based

compensation expense

      0   168   0   0   0   0   0   168 
                                     

Noncontrolling interest

initial contribution

      0   0   0   0   0   0   1,702   1,702 
                                     

Cash dividends declared

($0.42 per share)

      0   0   0   0   0   (839)  0   (839)
                                     

Net income

      0   0   0   0   0   6,404   418   6,822 
                                     

Other comprehensive

loss, net

      0   0   0   0   (95)  0   0   (95)
                                     

BALANCE DECEMBER

31, 2021

  2,011,313  $28  $15,685  $(4,977) $0  $23  $24,030  $2,120  $36,909 

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

25

 

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

 

  

Years Ended December 31,

 
  

2021

  

2020

 
  

(In Thousands)

 

Cash Flows from Operating Activities

        

Net income

 $6,822  $3,245 

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash used in operating activities:

        

Provision for loan losses

  2,201   830 

Depreciation expense

  313   249 

Amortization of operating right-of-use assets

  164   145 

Amortization of subordinated debt issuance costs

  34   34 

Amortization of other intangible

  49   49 

Net amortization of securities premiums

  6   11 

Accretion of deferred loan fees and costs, net

  (4,988)  (1,370)

Deferred income taxes

  (336)  (566)

Stock-based compensation expense

  433   346 

Net realized loss on sale of foreclosed real estate

  73   92 

Gain on sale of investment securities available for sale

  (362)  -- 

Net gain on loans held for sale

  (6,881)  (4,319)

Loans held for sale-originations

  (406,216)  (207,062)

Loans held for sale-proceeds

  369,379   167,118 

Gain on the sale of SBA loans

  (1,147)  (115)

Write-downs of other real estate owned

  --   105 

Increase in the cash surrender value of bank-owned life insurance

  (83)  (80)

Changes in assets and liabilities which provided (used) cash:

        

Accrued interest receivable

  (85)  (1,705)

Prepaid expenses and other assets

  1,603   (1,640)

Accrued interest payable

  (262)  48 

Accrued expenses and other liabilities

  1,891   824 

Net Cash Used in Operating Activities

  (37,392)  (43,761)

Cash Flows from Investing Activities

        

Purchase of interest-earning time deposits

  (2,467)  (1,317)

Redemption of interest-earning time deposits

  4,006   2,026 

Purchase of investment securities available for sale

  --   (4,008)

Principal repayments on investment securities available for sale

  1,066   1,020 

Proceeds from the sales of investment securities available for sale

  5,862   -- 

Net increase in loans receivable

  (42,536)  (111,775)

Purchase of Federal Home Loan Bank stock

  (1,113)  (808)

Redemption of Federal Home Loan Bank stock

  600   723 

Proceeds from the sale of foreclosed real estate

  563   1,611 

Acquisition, net of cash acquired

  1,259   -- 

Capitalized expenditures on other real estate owned

  (350)  (270)

Purchase of premises and equipment

  (588)  (364)

Net Cash Used in Investing Activities

  (33,698)  (113,162)

Cash Flows from Financing Activities

        

Net increase in demand deposits, money markets, and savings accounts

  111,838   112,411 

Net (decrease) increase in certificate accounts

  (19,517)  14,976 

Increase (decrease) in advances from borrowers for taxes and insurance

  370   (294)

Proceeds from Federal Home Loan Bank short-term borrowings

  26,000   20,000 

Repayment of Federal Home Loan Bank short-term borrowings

  (10,000)  (20,000)

Proceeds from Federal Home Loan Bank long-term borrowings

  --   3,922 

Repayment of Federal Home Loan Bank long-term borrowings

  (5,000)  (2,000)

Proceeds from Federal Reserve Bank long-term borrowings

  --   52,144 

Repayment of Federal Reserve Bank long-term borrowings

  (44,239)  (4,010)

Repayment of other short-term borrowings

  (10,889)  -- 

Dividends paid

  (839)  (717)

Purchase of treasury stock

  (25)  (349)

Proceeds from the reissuance of treasury stock

  96   97 

Proceeds from the exercise of stock options

  87   101 

Net Cash Provided by Financing Activities

  47,882   176,281 

Net (Decrease) Increase in Cash and Cash Equivalents

  (23,208)  19,358 

Cash and Cash Equivalents Beginning of Year

  33,913   14,555 

Cash and Cash Equivalents End of Year

 $10,705  $33,913 

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

26

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

 

  

Years Ended December 31,

 
  

2021

  

2020

 

Supplementary Disclosure of Cash Flow and Non-Cash Information:

 

(In Thousands)

 

Cash payments for interest

 $4,563  $5,441 

Cash payments for income taxes

 $2,293  $1,124 

Initial recognition of operating lease right-of use assets

 $670  $658 

Initial recognition of operating lease obligations

 $670  $658 

Acquisition of controlling interest in Oakmont Capital Holdings, LLC

        

Non-cash assets acquired:

        

Loans held for sale

 $10,914     

Premises and equipment

  37     

Goodwill

  2,057     

Other assets

  24     

Total non-cash assets acquired

  13,032     

Liabilities assumed:

        

Other short-term borrowings

  12,515     

Accrued interest payable

  74     

Total liabilities assumed

  12,589     

Net non-cash assets acquired

 $443     

Cash and cash equivalents acquired

 $4,259     

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

27

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

Note 1 - Nature of Operations

 

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc., a Pennsylvania chartered corporation (the “Company” or “Quaint Oak Bancorp”) and its wholly owned subsidiary, Quaint Oak Bank, a Pennsylvania chartered stock savings bank (the “Bank”), along with its wholly owned subsidiaries.  At December 31, 2021, the Bank has six wholly-owned subsidiaries, Quaint Oak Mortgage, LLC, Quaint Oak Real Estate, LLC, Quaint Oak Abstract, LLC, QOB Properties, LLC, Quaint Oak Insurance Agency, LLC, and Oakmont Commercial, LLC, each a Pennsylvania limited liability company.  The mortgage company offers mortgage banking in the Lehigh Valley, Delaware Valley and Philadelphia County regions of Pennsylvania.  The real estate and abstract companies offer real estate sales and title abstract services, respectively, primarily in the Lehigh Valley region of Pennsylvania.  These companies began operation in July 2009.  In February, 2019, Quaint Oak Mortgage opened a mortgage banking office in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.  QOB Properties, LLC began operations in July 2012 and holds Bank properties acquired through a foreclosure proceeding or acceptance of a deed in lieu of foreclosure. Quaint Oak Insurance Agency, LLC began operations in August 2016 and provides a broad range of personal and commercial insurance coverage solutions. Oakmont Commercial, LLC was formed in October 2021 and operates as a multi-state specialty commercial real estate financing company. As of January 4, 2021, the Bank holds a majority equity position in Oakmont Capital Holdings, LLC, a multi-state equipment finance company based in West Chester, Pennsylvania with a second significant facility located in Albany, Minnesota. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated.   

 

The Bank is subject to regulation by the Pennsylvania Department of Banking and Securities and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.  Pursuant to the Bank’s election under Section 10(l) of the Home Owners’ Loan Act, the Company is a savings and loan holding company regulated by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.  The market area served by the Bank is principally Bucks, Montgomery and Philadelphia Counties in Pennsylvania and the Lehigh Valley area in Pennsylvania. The Bank has three regional offices located in the Delaware Valley, Lehigh Valley and Philadelphia markets. The principal deposit products offered by the Bank are money market accounts, certificates of deposit, non-interest bearing checking accounts for businesses and consumers, and savings accounts.  The principal loan products offered by the Bank are fixed and adjustable rate residential and commercial mortgages, construction loans, commercial business loans, home equity loans, and lines of credit.

 

 

Note 2 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

 

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of income and expenses during the reporting period.  Actual results could differ from those estimates.  The Company’s most significant estimates are the determination of the allowance for loan losses and valuation of deferred tax assets.

 

Significant Group Concentrations of Credit Risk

 

The Bank has a significant concentration of loans in Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania.  The concentration of credit by type of loan is set forth in Note 7.  Although the Bank has a diversified loan portfolio, its debtors’ ability to honor their contracts is influenced by the region’s economy. During the year ended December 31, 2021, one investor purchased a total of 37% of all loans sold by the Bank from its mortgage loans held for sale, and the sales to this investor accounted for approximately 36% of the gain on loans sold during the year.

 

 

28

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

Note 2 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

For purposes of reporting cash flows, cash and cash equivalents include non-interest earning and interest-earning demand deposits and money market accounts with various financial institutions, all of which mature within ninety days of acquisition.

 

Investment Securities

 

Management determines the appropriate classification of debt securities at the time of purchase and reevaluates such designation as of each balance sheet date.

 

Securities classified as available for sale are those securities that the Company intends to hold for an indefinite period of time but not necessarily to maturity.  Any decision to sell a security classified as available for sale would be based on various factors, including significant movement in interest rates, changes in maturity mix of the Company’s assets and liabilities, liquidity needs, regulatory capital requirements, and other similar factors.  Securities available for sale are carried at fair value. Unrealized gains and losses are reported in other comprehensive income, net of related deferred tax effects.  Realized gains and losses, determined on the basis of the cost of the specific securities sold, are included in earnings.  Premiums and discounts are recognized in interest income using the interest method over the terms of the securities.

 

Securities classified as held to maturity are those debt securities the Company has both the intent and ability to hold to maturity regardless of the changes in market conditions, liquidity needs, or changes in general economic conditions.  These securities are carried at cost adjusted for amortization of premium and accretion of discount, which are recognized in interest income using the interest method over the terms of the securities.

 

The Company follows the accounting guidance related to recognition and presentation of other-than-temporary impairment.  This accounting guidance specifies that (a) if a company does not have the intent to sell a debt security prior to recovery and (b) it is more likely than not that it will not have to sell the debt security prior to recovery, the security would not be considered other-than-temporarily impaired unless there is a credit loss.  When an entity does not intend to sell the security, and it is more likely than not the entity will not have to sell the security before recovery of its cost basis, it will recognize the credit component of an other-than-temporary impairment of a debt security in earnings and the remaining portion in other comprehensive income.  For held-to-maturity debt securities, the amount of an other-than-temporary impairment recorded in other comprehensive income for the noncredit portion of a previous other-than-temporary impairment should be amortized prospectively over the remaining life of the security on the basis of the timing of future estimated cash flows of the security. The Company recognized 0 other-than-temporary impairment charges during the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020.

 

Federal Home Loan Bank Stock

 

Federal law requires a member institution of the Federal Home Loan Bank (FHLB) system to hold restricted stock of its district Federal Home Loan Bank according to a predetermined formula.  FHLB stock is carried at cost and evaluated for impairment. When evaluating FHLB stock for impairment, its value is determined based on the ultimate recoverability of the par value of the stock. We evaluate our holdings of FHLB stock for impairment each reporting period. NaN impairment charges were recognized on FHLB stock during the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020. 

 

 

29

 

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

Note 2 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)

 

Loans Receivable

 

Loans receivable that management has the intent and ability to hold for the foreseeable future or until maturity or payoff are stated at their outstanding unpaid principal balances, net of an allowance for loan losses and any deferred fees.  Interest income is accrued on the unpaid principal balance.  Loan origination fees and costs are deferred and recognized as an adjustment of the yield (interest income) of the related loans.  The Bank is generally amortizing these amounts over the contractual life of the loan.

 

The loans receivable portfolio is segmented into residential loans, commercial real estate loans, construction loans, commercial business, and consumer loans.  The residential loan segment has two classes: one-to-four family residential owner occupied loans and one-to-four family residential non-owner occupied loans.  The commercial real estate loan segment consists of the following classes: multi-family (five or more) residential, commercial real estate and commercial lines of credit.  Construction loans are generally granted for the purpose of building a single residential home.  Commercial business loans are loans to businesses primarily for purchase of business essential equipment. Business essential equipment is equipment necessary for a business to support or assist with the day-to-day operation or profitability of the business.  The consumer loan segment consists of the following classes: home equity loans and other consumer loans.  Included in the home equity class are home equity loans and home equity lines of credit.  Included in the other consumer are loans secured by saving accounts.

 

The accrual of interest is generally discontinued when principal or interest has become 90 days past due unless the loan is in the process of collection and is either guaranteed or well secured.  When a loan is placed on nonaccrual status, unpaid interest credited to income in the current year is reversed and unpaid interest accrued in prior years is charged against the allowance for loan losses.  Interest received on nonaccrual loans generally is either applied against principal or reported as interest income, according to management’s judgment as to the collectability of principal.  Generally, loans are restored to accrual status when the obligation is brought current, has performed in accordance with the contractual terms for a reasonable period of time and the ultimate collectability of the total contractual principal and interest is no longer in doubt. 

 

Allowance for Loan Losses

 

The allowance for loan losses represents management’s estimate of losses inherent in the loan portfolio as of the balance sheet date and is recorded as a reduction to loans. The allowance for loan losses is increased by the provision for loan losses, and decreased by charge-offs, net of recoveries. Loans deemed to be uncollectible are charged against the allowance for loan losses, and subsequent recoveries, if any, are credited to the allowance. All, or part, of the principal balance of loans receivable are charged off to the allowance as soon as it is determined that the repayment of all, or part, of the principal balance is highly unlikely. Because all identified losses are immediately charged off, no portion of the allowance for loan losses is restricted to any individual loan or groups of loans, and the entire allowance is available to absorb any and all loan losses.

 

The allowance for loan losses is maintained at a level considered adequate to provide for losses that can be reasonably anticipated. Management performs a quarterly evaluation of the adequacy of the allowance. The allowance is based on the Company’s past loan loss experience, known and inherent risks in the portfolio, adverse situations that may affect the borrower’s ability to repay, the estimated value of any underlying collateral, composition of the loan portfolio, current economic conditions and other relevant factors. This evaluation is inherently subjective as it requires material estimates that may be susceptible to significant revision as more information becomes available.

 

 

 

 

 

30

 

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

Note 2 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)

 

Allowance for Loan Losses (Continued)

 

The allowance consists of specific, general and unallocated components. The specific component relates to loans that are identified as impaired. For loans that are identified as impaired, an allowance is established when the discounted cash flows (or collateral value or observable market price) of the impaired loan is lower than the carrying value of that loan. The general component covers pools of loans by loan class. These pools of loans are evaluated for loss exposure based upon historical loss rates for each of these categories of loans, adjusted for qualitative factors. These significant factors may include changes in lending policies and procedures, changes in existing general economic and business conditions affecting our primary lending areas, credit quality trends, collateral value, loan volumes and concentrations, seasoning of the loan portfolio, recent loss experience in particular segments of the portfolio, duration of the current business cycle and bank regulatory examination results. The applied loss factors are re-evaluated quarterly to ensure their relevance in the current economic environment.  Residential mortgage lending generally entails a lower risk of default than other types of lending. Consumer loans and commercial real estate loans generally involve more risk of collectability because of the type and nature of the collateral and, in certain cases, the absence of collateral. It is the Company’s policy to establish a specific reserve for loss on any delinquent loan when it determines that a loss is probable. An unallocated component is maintained to cover uncertainties that could affect management’s estimate of probable losses. The unallocated component of the allowance reflects the margin of imprecision inherent in the underlying assumptions used in the methodologies for estimating specific and general losses in the portfolio.

 

A loan is considered impaired when, based on current information and events, it is probable that the Company will be unable to collect the scheduled payments of principal or interest when due according to the contractual terms of the loan agreement. Factors considered by management in determining impairment include payment status, collateral value and the probability of collecting scheduled principal and interest payments when due. Loans that experience insignificant payment delays and payment shortfalls generally are not considered impaired. Management determines the significance of payment delays and payment shortfalls on a case-by-case basis, taking into consideration all of the circumstances surrounding the loan and the borrower, including the length of the delay, the reasons for the delay, the borrower’s prior payment record and the amount of the shortfall in relation to the principal and interest owed. Impairment is measured on a loan by loan basis by either the present value of expected future cash flows discounted at the loan’s effective interest rate or the fair value of the collateral if the loan is collateral dependent.  An allowance for loan losses is established for an impaired loan if its carrying value exceeds its estimated fair value. The estimated fair values of substantially all of the Company’s impaired loans are measured based on the estimated fair value of the loan’s collateral.

 

A loan is considered a troubled debt restructuring (“TDR”) if the Company, for economic or legal reasons related to a debtor’s financial difficulties, grants a concession to the debtor that it would not otherwise consider. Concessions granted under a TDR typically involve a temporary or permanent reduction in payments or interest rate or an extension of a loan’s stated maturity date at less than a current market rate of interest. Loans identified as TDRs are designated as impaired.

 

For loans secured by real estate, estimated fair values are determined primarily through third-party appraisals. When a real estate secured loan becomes impaired, a decision is made regarding whether an updated certified appraisal of the real estate is necessary. This decision is based on various considerations, including the age of the most recent appraisal, the loan-to-value ratio based on the original appraisal and the condition of the property. Appraised values are discounted to arrive at the estimated selling price of the collateral, which is considered to be the estimated fair value. The discounts also include estimated costs to sell the property.

 

The allowance calculation methodology includes further segregation of loan classes into risk rating categories. The borrower’s overall financial condition, repayment sources, guarantors and value of collateral, if appropriate, are evaluated annually for all loans (except one-to-four family residential owner-occupied loans) where the total amount outstanding to any borrower or group of borrowers exceeds $750,000, or when credit deficiencies arise, such as delinquent loan payments. Credit quality risk ratings include regulatory classifications of special mention, substandard, doubtful and loss. Loans criticized as special mention have potential weaknesses that deserve management’s close attention. If uncorrected, the potential weaknesses may result in deterioration of the repayment prospects. Loans classified substandard have a well-defined weakness or weaknesses that jeopardize the liquidation of the debt. They include loans that are inadequately protected by the current sound net worth and paying capacity of the obligor or of the collateral pledged, if any. Loans classified doubtful have all the weaknesses inherent in loans classified substandard with the added characteristic that collection or liquidation in full, on the basis of current conditions and facts, is highly improbable. Loans classified as a loss are considered uncollectible and are charged to the allowance for loan losses. Loans not classified are rated pass. In addition, Federal regulatory agencies, as an integral part of their examination process, periodically review the Company’s allowance for loan losses and may require the Company to recognize additions to the allowance based on their judgments about information available to them at the time of their examination, which may not be currently available to management. Based on management’s comprehensive analysis of the loan portfolio, management believes the current level of the allowance for loan losses is adequate.

 

 

31

 

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

Note 2 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)

 

Allowance for Loan Losses (Continued)

 

Loans Held for Sale

 

Loans originated by the Bank’s mortgage banking subsidiary, Quaint Oak Mortgage, LLC, are intended for sale in the secondary market and are carried at the lower of cost or fair value (LOCOM). Gains and losses on loan sales (sales proceeds minus carrying value) are recorded in noninterest income, and direct loan origination costs, commissions and fees are deferred at origination of the loan and are recognized in noninterest income upon sale of the loan.  To a lesser extent, the Bank originates commercial business loans for the purchase of business essential equipment for sale primarily to other financial institutions.

 

Bank Owned Life Insurance (BOLl)

 

The Company purchases bank owned life insurance as a mechanism for funding various employee benefit costs.  The Company is the beneficiary of these policies that insure the lives of certain officers of its subsidiaries. The Company has recognized the cash surrender value under the insurance policies as an asset in the Consolidated Balance Sheets. Changes in the cash surrender value are recorded in non-interest income in the Consolidated Statements of Income.

 

Premises and Equipment

 

Land is carried at cost.  Premises and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Depreciation is computed on the straight-line method over the expected useful lives of the related assets that range from three to thirty-nine years.  The costs of maintenance and repairs are expensed as incurred.  Costs of major additions and improvements are capitalized.

 

Intangible Assets

 

Intangible assets on the consolidated balance sheets represent the acquisition by Quaint Oak Insurance Agency of the renewal rights to a book of business on August 1, 2016 at a total cost of $1.0 million. Based on a valuation, $515,000 of the purchase price was determined to be goodwill and $485,000 was determined to be related to the renewal rights to the book of business and deemed an other intangible asset.  The renewal rights are being amortized over a ten year period based upon the annual retention rate of the book of business.  Also included in goodwill is $2.1 million recognized as part of the acquisition of Oakmont Capital Holdings, LLC.

 

The Company will complete a goodwill and other intangible asset analysis at least on an annual basis or more often if events and circumstances indicate that there may be impairment.

 

 

32

 

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

Note 2 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)

 

Other Real Estate Owned

 

Other real estate owned or foreclosed assets are comprised of property acquired through a foreclosure proceeding or acceptance of a deed in lieu of foreclosure and loans classified as in-substance foreclosures.  A loan is classified as in-substance foreclosure when the Bank has taken possession of the collateral regardless of whether formal foreclosure proceedings take place.  Other real estate properties are initially recorded at fair value, net of estimated selling costs at the date of foreclosure, establishing a new cost basis. After foreclosure, valuations are periodically performed by management and the real estate is carried at the lower of cost or fair value less estimated costs to sell.  Net revenue and expenses from operations and additions to the valuation allowance are included in other expenses.

 

The Company 0 other real estate owned (OREO) at December 31, 2021.  The Company had one property in OREO totaling $286,000 at December 31, 2020.

 

Mortgage Servicing Rights

 

Included in other assets are mortgage servicing rights recognized as separate assets when mortgage loans are sold and the servicing rights are retained. These capitalized mortgage servicing rights are amortized into non-interest income in proportion to, and over the period of, the estimated future net servicing period of the underlying mortgage loans. Mortgage servicing rights totaled $323,000 and $136,000 at December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. During the year ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, approximately $33,000 and $17,000 in amortization was recognized, respectively. 

 

Advertising Costs

 

The Company expenses all advertising costs as incurred. Advertising costs are included in non-interest expense on the Consolidated Statements of Income.

 

Transfers of Financial Assets

 

Transfers of financial assets are accounted for as sales, when control over the assets has been surrendered. Control over transferred assets is deemed to be surrendered when (1) the assets have been isolated from the Company, (2) the transferee obtains the right (free of conditions that constrain it from taking advantage of that right) to pledge or exchange the transferred assets, and (3) the Company does not maintain effective control over the transferred assets through an agreement to repurchase them before their maturity or the ability to unilaterally cause the holder to return specific assets.

 

Income Taxes

 

Deferred income taxes are provided on the liability method whereby deferred tax assets are recognized for deductible temporary differences and deferred tax liabilities are recognized for taxable temporary differences.  Temporary differences are the differences between the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and their tax basis.  Deferred tax assets are reduced by a valuation allowance when, in the opinion of management, it is more likely than not that some portion of the deferred tax assets will not be realized.  Deferred tax assets and liabilities are adjusted for the effects of changes in tax laws and rates on the date of enactment. 

 

 

33

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

Note 2 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)

 

Income Taxes (Continued)

 

The Company follows guidance related to accounting for uncertainty in income taxes, which sets out a consistent framework to determine the appropriate level of tax reserves to maintain for uncertain tax positions.  A tax position is recognized as a benefit only if it is more likely than not that the tax position would be sustained in a tax examination, with a tax examination presumed to occur.  The amount recognized is the largest amount of tax benefit that has more than 50 percent likelihood of being realized upon examination.  For tax positions not meeting the more likely than not test, no tax benefit is recorded.  The Company had no material uncertain tax positions or accrued interest and penalties as of December 31, 2021 and 2020.  The Company’s policy is to account for interest as a component of interest expense and penalties as components of other expense.  The Company is no longer subject to examination by taxing authorities for the years before January 1, 2018.

 

Comprehensive Income

 

Accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America require that recognized revenue, expenses, gains and losses be included in net income.  Although certain changes in assets and liabilities, such as unrealized gains and losses on available for sale securities, are reported as a separate component of the stockholders’ equity section of the balance sheet, such items, along with net income, are components of comprehensive income.

 

Treasury Stock and Unallocated Common Stock

 

The acquisition of treasury stock by the Company, including unallocated stock held by certain benefit plans, is recorded under the cost method.  At the date of subsequent reissue, treasury stock is reduced by the cost of such stock based on an average cost method with any excess proceeds credited to additional paid-in capital.

 

Share-Based Compensation

 

Stock compensation accounting guidance requires that the compensation cost relating to share-based payment transactions be recognized in financial statements.  That cost is measured based on the grant date fair value of the equity or liability instruments issued.  The stock compensation accounting guidance covers a wide range of share-based compensation arrangements including stock option and restricted share plans.

 

The stock compensation accounting guidance requires that compensation cost for all stock awards be calculated and recognized over the employees’ service period, generally defined as the vesting period.  For awards with graded-vesting, compensation cost is recognized on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period for the entire award.  A Black-Scholes model is used to estimate the fair value of stock options, while the closing price of the Company’s common stock on the grant date is used for restricted stock awards.

 

At December 31, 2021, the Company has outstanding equity awards under three share-based plans: the 2008 Stock Option Plan, the 2013 Stock Incentive Plan and the 2018 Stock Incentive Plan.  Awards under these plans were made in May 2013 and 2018.  These plans are more fully described in Note 14.

 

The Company also has an employee stock ownership plan (“ESOP”).  This plan is more fully described in Note 14.  As ESOP shares are committed to be released and allocated among participants, the Company recognizes compensation expense equal to the average market price of the shares over the period earned.

 

 

34

 

 

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

Note 2 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)

 

Earnings Per Share

 

Amounts reported in earnings per share reflect earnings available to common stockholders for the period divided by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period, exclusive of unearned ESOP shares, unvested restricted stock (RRP) shares and treasury shares.  Stock options and unvested restricted stock are regarded as potential common stock and are considered in the diluted earnings per share calculations to the extent they would have a dilutive effect if converted to common stock, computed using the “treasury stock” method. 

 

Revenue from Contracts with Customers

 

The Company records revenue from contracts with customers in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification Topic 606,Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606). Under Topic 606, the Company must identify the contract with a customer, identify the performance obligations in the contract, determine the transaction price, allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract, and recognize revenue when (or as) the Company satisfies a performance obligation.  In certain circumstances, noninterest income is reported net of associated expenses.

 

The Company’s primary sources of revenue are derived from interest and dividends earned on loans and investment securities, mortgage banking revenue, including gains on the sale of mortgage loans, income from bank-owned life insurance, and other financial instruments that are not within the scope of Topic 606.  The main types of non-interest income within the scope of the standard are as follows:

 

Other Fees and Service Charges: The Bank has contracts with its commercial checking deposit customers where fees are charged if the account balance falls below predetermined levels defined as compensating balances. These agreements can be cancelled at any time by either the Bank or the deposit customer. Revenue from these transactions is recognized on a monthly basis as the Bank has an unconditional right to the fee consideration. The Bank also has transaction fees related to specific transactions or activities resulting from customer request or activity that include overdraft fees, wire fees, and other transaction fees. All of these fees are attributable to specific performance obligations of the Bank where the revenue is recognized at a defined point in time, completion of the requested service/transaction.

 

Abstract Title Fees:  The Bank provides abstract title services through its wholly owned subsidiary, Quaint Oak Abstract, LLC.  Fees for these services are recognized as revenue immediately after the completion of the real estate settlement.

 

Real Estate Sales Commissions, Net:  The Bank provides real estate sales services through its wholly owned subsidiary, Quaint Oak Real Estate, LLC.  Commission income is earned for these services and recognized as revenue immediately after the completion of the real estate settlement.

 

Insurance Commissions: Insurance income generally consist of commissions from the sale of insurance policies and performance-based commissions from insurance companies.  The Bank recognizes commission income from the sale of insurance policies when its wholly owned subsidiary, Quaint Oak Insurance Agency, LLC, acts as an agent between the insurance carrier and policyholder, arranging for the insurance carrier to provide policies to policyholders, and acts on behalf of the insurance carrier by providing customer service to the policyholder during the policy period. Commission income is recognized over time, using the output method of time elapsed, which corresponds with the underlying insurance policy period, for which the Bank is obligated to perform under contract with the insurance carrier. Commission income is variable, as it is comprised of a certain percentage of  the underlying policy premium. The Bank estimates the variable consideration based upon the “most likely amount” method, and does not expect or anticipate a significant reversal of revenue in future periods, based upon historical experience.  Payment is due from the insurance carrier for commission income once the insurance policy has been sold. The Bank has elected to apply a practical expedient related to capitalizable costs, which are the commissions paid to insurance producers, and will expense these commissions paid to insurance producers as incurred, as these costs are related to the commission income and would have been amortized within one year or less if they had been capitalized, the same period over which the commission income was earned.  Performance-based commissions from insurance companies are recognized at a point in time, when received, and no contingencies remain.

 

 

35

 

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

   Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

Note 2 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)

 

Off-Balance Sheet Financial Instruments

 

In the ordinary course of business, the Bank has entered into off-balance sheet financial instruments consisting of commitments to extend credit.  Such financial instruments are recorded in the consolidated balance sheet when they are funded.

 

Reclassifications

 

Certain items in the 2020 consolidated financial statements have been reclassified to conform to the presentation in the 2021 consolidated financial statements.  Such reclassifications did not have a material impact on the overall consolidated financial statements.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted

 

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses: Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments, which changes the impairment model for most financial assets. This Update is intended to improve financial reporting by requiring timelier recording of credit losses on loans and other financial instruments held by financial institutions and other organizations.  The underlying premise of the Update is that financial assets measured at amortized cost should be presented at the net amount expected to be collected, through an allowance for credit losses that is deducted from the amortized cost basis. The allowance for credit losses should reflect management’s current estimate of credit losses that are expected to occur over the remaining life of a financial asset. The income statement will be effected for the measurement of credit losses for newly recognized financial assets, as well as the expected increases or decreases of expected credit losses that have taken place during the period. ASU 2016-13 is effective for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2022, and early adoption is permitted for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2018. With certain exceptions, transition to the new requirements will be through a cumulative effect adjustment to opening retained earnings as of the beginning of the first reporting period in which the guidance is adopted. We expect to recognize a one-time cumulative-effect adjustment to the allowance for loan losses as of the beginning of the first reporting period in which the new standard is effective but cannot yet determine the magnitude of any such one-time adjustment or the overall impact of the new guidance on the consolidated financial statements.

 

In November 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-10, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326), Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815), and Leases (Topic 842). This Update defers the effective date of ASU 2016-13 for SEC filers that are eligible to be smaller reporting companies, non-SEC filers, and all other companies to fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, including interim periods within those fiscal years. We expect to recognize a one-time cumulative effect adjustment to the allowance for loan losses as of the beginning of the first reporting period in which the new standard is effective, but cannot yet determine the magnitude of any such one-time adjustment or the overall impact of the new guidance on the consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

36

 

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

Note 2 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted (Continued)

 

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment. To simplify the subsequent measurement of goodwill, the FASB eliminated Step 2 from the goodwill impairment test.  In computing the implied fair value of goodwill under Step 2, an entity had to perform procedures to determine the fair value at the impairment testing date of its assets and liabilities (including unrecognized assets and liabilities) following the procedure that would be required in determining the fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed in a business combination.  Instead, under the amendments in this Update, an entity should perform its annual, or interim, goodwill impairment test by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount.  An entity should recognize an impairment charge for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit’s fair value; however, the loss recognized should not exceed the total amount of goodwill allocated to that reporting unit.  A public business entity that is a U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) filer should adopt the amendments in this Update for its annual or any interim goodwill impairment tests in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019.  In November 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-10, Financial Instruments Credit Losses (Topic 326), Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815), and Leases (Topic 842), which deferred the effective date for ASC 350, Intangibles Goodwill and Other, for smaller reporting companies to fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, and interim periods within those fiscal years.  This update is not expected to have a significant impact on the Company’s financial statements.

 

In May 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-05, Financial Instruments Credit Losses, Topic 326, which allows entities to irrevocably elect the fair value option for certain financial assets previously measured at amortized cost upon adoption of the new credit losses standard. To be eligible for the transition election, the existing financial asset must otherwise be both within the scope of the new credit losses standard and eligible for the applying the fair value option in ASC 825-10.3. The election must be applied on an instrument-by-instrument basis and is not available for either available-for-sale or held-to-maturity debt securities. For entities that elect the fair value option, the difference between the carrying amount and the fair value of the financial asset would be recognized through a cumulative-effect adjustment to opening retained earnings as of the date an entity adopted ASU 2016-13. Changes in fair value of that financial asset would subsequently be reported in current earnings.  For entities that have not yet adopted ASU 2016-13, the effective dates and transition requirements are the same as those in ASU 2016-13. For entities that have adopted ASU 2016-13, ASU 2019-05 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted once ASU 2016-13 has been adopted. In November, 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-10, Financial Instruments Credit Losses (Topic 326), Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815), and Leases (Topic 842), which deferred the effective date for ASC 944, Financial Services Insurance, for public business entities that are SEC filers, except for smaller reporting companies, to fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021, and interim periods within those fiscal years and for all other entities, including smaller reporting companies, to fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023, and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2024.  This Update is not expected to have a significant impact on the Company’s financial statements.

 

In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-03, Codification Improvements to Financial Instruments. This ASU was issued to improve and clarify various financial instruments topics, including the current expected credit losses (CECL) standard issued in 2016. The ASU includes seven issues that describe the areas of improvement and the related amendments to GAAP; they are intended to make the standards easier to understand and apply and to eliminate inconsistencies, and they are narrow in scope and are not expected to significantly change practice for most entities. Among its provisions, the ASU clarifies that all entities, other than public business entities that elected the fair value option, are required to provide certain fair value disclosures under ASC 825, Financial Instruments, in both interim and annual financial statements. It also clarifies that the contractual term of a net investment in a lease under Topic 842 should be the contractual term used to measure expected credit losses under Topic 326. Amendments related to ASU 2019-04 are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is not permitted before an entity’s adoption of  ASU 2016-01. Amendments related to ASU 2016-13 for entities that have not yet adopted that guidance are effective upon adoption of the amendments in ASU 2016-13. Early adoption is not permitted before an entity’s adoption of ASU 2016-13. Amendments related to ASU 2016-13 for entities that have adopted that guidance are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those years. Other amendments are effective upon issuance of this ASU. This Update is not expected to have a significant impact on the Company’s financial statements.

 

 

37

 

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

Note 2 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted (Continued)

 

In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting, March 2020, to provide temporary optional expedients and exceptions to the U.S. GAAP guidance on contract modifications and hedge accounting to ease the financial reporting burdens of the expected market transition from LIBOR and other interbank offered rates to alternative reference rates, such as Secured Overnight Financing Rate. Entities can elect not to apply certain modification accounting requirements to contracts affected by what the guidance e calls reference rate reform, if certain criteria are met. An entity that makes this election would not have to re-measure the contracts at the modification date or reassess a previous accounting determination. Also, entities can elect various optional expedients that would allow them to continue applying hedge accounting for hedging relationships affected by reference rate reform, if certain criteria are met, and can make a one-time election to sell and/or reclassify held-to-maturity debt securities that reference an interest rate affected by reference rate reform. The amendments in this ASU are effective for all entities upon issuance through December 31, 2022. The Company is currently evaluating the impact the adoption of the standard will have on the Company’s financial position or results of operations.

 

In January 2021, the FASB issued ASU 2021-01, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848), which provides optional temporary guidance for entities transitioning away from the London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR) and other interbank offered rates (IBORs) to new references rates so that derivatives affected by the discounting transition are explicitly eligible for certain optional expedients and exceptions within Topic 848. ASU 2021-01 clarifies that the derivatives affected by the discounting transition are explicitly eligible for certain optional expedients and exceptions in Topic 848. ASU 2021-01 is effective immediately for all entities. Entities may elect to apply the amendments on a full retrospective basis as of any date from the beginning of an interim period that includes or is subsequent to March 12, 2020, or on a prospective basis to new modifications from any date within an interim period that includes or is subsequent to the date of the issuance of a final update, up to the date that financial statements are available to be issued. The amendments in this update do not apply to contract modifications made, as well as new hedging relationships entered into, after December 31, 2022, and to existing hedging relationships evaluated for effectiveness for periods after December 31, 2022, except for certain hedging relationships existing as of December 31, 2022, that apply certain optional expedients in which the accounting effects are recorded through the end of the hedging relationship. The Company is currently evaluating the impact the adoption of the standard will have on the Company’s financial position or results of operations.

 

Note 3 Earnings Per Share

 

Earnings per share (“EPS”) consists of two separate components, basic EPS and diluted EPS.  Basic EPS is computed based on the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding for each period presented.  Diluted EPS is calculated based on the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding plus dilutive common stock equivalents (“CSEs”).  CSEs consist of shares that are assumed to have been purchased with the proceeds from the exercise of stock options, as well as unvested restricted stock (RRP) shares. Common stock equivalents which are considered antidilutive are not included for the purposes of this calculation. For the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, all unvested restricted stock program awards and outstanding stock options representing shares were dilutive.

 

 

 

38

 

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

Note 3 Earnings Per Share (Continued)

 

            The following table sets forth the composition of the weighted average shares (denominator) used in the basic and dilutive earnings per share computations.

 

  

For the Year Ended December 31,

 
  

2021

  

2020

 

Net Income

 $6,404,000  $3,245,000 
         

Weighted average shares outstanding – basic

  1,995,468   1,975,836 

Effect of dilutive common stock equivalents

  97,639   36,563 

Adjusted weighted average shares outstanding – diluted

  2,093,108   2,012,399 
         

Basic earnings per share

 $3.21  $1.64 

Diluted earnings per share

 $3.06  $1.61 

 

 

Note 4 Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

 

            The following table presents the changes in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) by component, net of tax, for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020 (in thousands):

 

  

Unrealized Losses on

Investment Securities

Available for Sale (1)

 
  

2021

  

2020

 

Balance beginning of the year

 $118  $20 
         

Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications

  191   98 

Amount reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

  (286)  -- 

Total other comprehensive income

  (95)  98 

Balance end of the year

 $23  $118 

_______________________

(1) All amounts are net of tax. Amounts in parentheses indicate debits.

 

            The following table presents significant amounts reclassified out of each component of accumulated other comprehensive income for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020 (in thousands):

 

Details About Other Comprehensive Income

 

Amount Reclassified from Accumulated

Other Comprehensive Income (Loss) (1)

 

Affected Line Item in the Statement of

Income

  

For the Year Ended December 31,

  
  

2021

  

2020

  

Sale of securities available for sale

 $362  $-- 

Gain on sales of investment securities

Tax effect

  (76)  -- 

Income taxes

Total reclassification for the period

 $286  $--  

______________________

(1)   Amounts in parentheses indicate debits.

 

 

39

 

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

Note 5 Investment in Interest-Earning Time Deposits

 

            The investment in interest-earning time deposits as of December 31, 2021 and 2020, by contractual maturity, is shown below (in thousands):

 

  

2021

  

2020

 

Due in one year or less

 $4,487  $4,006 

Due after one year through five years

  3,437   5,457 

Total

 $7,924  $9,463 

 

 

Note 6 Investment Securities Available for Sale

 

           The amortized cost, gross unrealized gains and losses, and fair value of investment securities available for sale at December 31, 2021 and 2020 are summarized below (in thousands): 

 

  

December 31, 2021

 
  

Amortized

Cost

  

Gross

Unrealized

Gains

  

Gross

Unrealized

(Losses)

  

Fair Value

 

Available for Sale:

                

Mortgage-backed securities:

                

Government National Mortgage Association securities

 $3,860  $22  $--  $3,882 

Federal National Mortgage Association securities

  144   7   --   151 

Total available-for-sale-securities

 $4,004  $29  $--  $4,033 

 

 

 

  

December 31, 2020

 
  

Amortized

Cost

  

Gross

Unrealized

Gains

  

Gross

Unrealized

(Losses)

  

Fair Value

 

Available for Sale:

                

Mortgage-backed securities:

                

Government National Mortgage Association securities

 $4,887  $27  $(1) $4,913 

Federal National Mortgage Association securities

  183   6   --   189 

Total mortgage-backed securities

  5,070   33   (1)  5,102 

Debt securities:

                

Corporate notes

  5,506   117   --   5,623 

Total available-for-sale-securities

 $10,576  $150  $(1) $10,725 

 

            The amortized cost and fair value of mortgage-backed and debt securities at December 31, 2021, by contractual maturity, are shown below. Expected maturities will differ from contractual maturities because borrowers may have the right to call or prepay obligations with or without call or prepayment penalties (in thousands):

 

 

  

Available for Sale

 
  

Amortized Cost

  

Fair Value

 

Due after five through ten years

 $--  $-- 

Due after ten years

  4,004   4,033 

Total

 $4,004  $4,033 

 

 

 

40

 

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

Note 6 Investment Securities Available for Sale (Continued)

 

                The following tables show the Company’s gross unrealized losses and fair value, aggregated by investment category and length of time that the individual securities have been in a continuous unrealized loss position at December 31, 2020 (in thousands):

 

 

 

  

December 31, 2020

 
      

Less than Twelve Months

  

Twelve Months or Greater

  

Total

 
  

Number of
Securities

  

Fair Value

  

Gross
Unrealized
Losses

  

Fair Value

  

Gross
Unrealized
Losses

  

Fair Value

  

Gross
Unrealized
Losses

 

Government National Mortgage Association securities

  1  $681  $(1) $--  $--  $681  $(1)

 

 

            At December 31, 2021, there were no securities in an unrealized loss position. Management believes that the estimated fair value of the securities disclosed above is primarily dependent on the movement of market interest rates.  Management evaluated the length of time and the extent to which the fair value has been less than cost and the financial condition and near term prospects of the issuer, including any specific events which may influence the operations of the issuer.  The Company has the ability and intent to hold the securities until the anticipated recovery of fair value occurs. There were 0 impairment charges recognized during the year ended December 31, 2021 or 2020.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

41

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

Note 7 - Loans Receivable, Net and Allowance for Loan Losses

 

           The composition of net loans receivable is as follows (in thousands):

 

  

December 31,

2021

  

December 31,

2020

 

Real estate loans:

        

One-to-four family residential:

        

Owner occupied

 $9,779  $7,528 

Non-owner occupied

  38,752   38,884 

Total one-to-four family residential

  48,531   46,412 

Multi-family (five or more) residential

  29,344   24,043 

Commercial real estate

  183,822   131,820 

Construction

  15,843   4,775 

Home equity

  4,706   3,788 

Total real estate loans

  282,246   210,838 
         

Commercial business

  129,608   154,387 

Other consumer

  12   17 

Total Loans

  411,866   365,242 
         

Deferred loan fees and costs

  (2,638)  (3,059)

Allowance for loan losses

  (5,262)  (3,061)

Net Loans

 $403,966  $359,122 

 

            The following tables present the classes of the loan portfolio summarized by the aggregate pass rating and the classified ratings of special mention, substandard and doubtful within the Company’s internal risk rating system as of December 31, 2021 and 2020 (in thousands): 

 

  

December 31, 2021

 
  

Pass

  

Special 

Mention

  

Substandard

  

Doubtful

  

Total

 

One-to-four family residential owner occupied

 $9,365  $414  $--  $--  $9,779 

One-to-four family residential non-owner occupied

  38,743   --   9   --   38,752 

Multi-family residential

  27,621   1,723   --   --   29,344 

Commercial real estate

  181,914   --   1,908   --   183,822 

Construction

  15,843   --   --   --   15,843 

Home equity

  4,706   --   --   --   4,706 

Commercial business

  125,725   --   3,883   --   129,608 

Other consumer

  12   --   --   --   12 

Total

 $403,929  $2,137  $5,800  $--  $411,866 

 

 

42

 

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

Note 7 - Loans Receivable, Net and Allowance for Loan Losses (Continued)

 

  

December 31, 2020

 
  

Pass

  

Special

Mention

  

Substandard

  

Doubtful

  

Total

 

One-to-four family residential owner occupied

 $6,942  $415  $171  $--  $7,528 

One-to-four family residential non-owner occupied

  38,567   --   317   --   38,884 

Multi-family residential

  24,043   --   --   --   24,043 

Commercial real estate

  129,236   2,292   292   --   131,820 

Construction

  4,775   --   --   --   4,775 

Home equity

  3,788   --   --   --   3,788 

Commercial business

  154,387   --   --   --   154,387 

Other consumer

  17   --   --   --   17 

Total

 $361,755  $2,707  $780  $--  $365,242 

 

           The following table presents impaired loans by class, segregated by those for which a specific allowance was required and those for which a specific allowance was not necessary as of December 31, 2021 as well as the average recorded investment and related interest income for the year then ended (in thousands):

 

  

December 31, 2021

 
  

Recorded

Investment

  

Unpaid

Principal

Balance

  

Related

Allowance

  

Average

Recorded

Investment

  

Interest

Income

Recognized

 

With no related allowance recorded:

                    

One-to-four family residential owner occupied

 $-  $-  $--  $66  $-- 

One-to-four family residential non-owner occupied

  9   9   --   9   -- 

Multi-family residential

  --   --   --   --   -- 

Commercial real estate

  131   131   --   131   12 

Construction

  --   --   --   --   -- 

Home equity

  --   --   --   --   -- 

Commercial business

  --   --   --   18   -- 

Other consumer

  --   --   --   --   -- 
                     

With an allowance recorded:

                    

One-to-four family residential owner occupied

 $--  $--  $--  $--  $-- 

One-to-four family residential non-owner occupied

  --   --   --   --   -- 

Multi-family residential

  --   --   --   --   -- 

Commercial real estate

  --   --   --   --   -- 

Construction

  --   --   --   --   -- 

Home equity

  --   --   --   --   -- 

Commercial business

  --   --   --   --   -- 

Other consumer

  --   --   --   --   -- 
                     

Total:

                    

One-to-four family residential owner occupied

 $-   -  $--  $66  $-- 

One-to-four family residential non-owner occupied

  9   9   --   9   -- 

Multi-family residential

  --   --   --   --   -- 

Commercial real estate

  131   131   --   131   12 

Construction

  --   --   --   --   -- 

Home equity

  --   --   --   --   -- 

Commercial business

  --   --   --   18   -- 

Other consumer

  --   --   --   --   -- 

Total

 $140  $140  $--  $224  $12 

 

 

 

43

 

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

Note 7 - Loans Receivable, Net and Allowance for Loan Losses (Continued) 

                     

 

             The following table presents impaired loans by class, segregated by those for which a specific allowance was required and those for which a specific allowance was not necessary as of December 31, 2020 as well as the average recorded investment and related interest income for the year then ended (in thousands): 
    
  

December 31, 2020

 
  

Recorded

Investment

  

Unpaid

Principal

Balance

  

Related

Allowance

  

Average

Recorded

Investment

  

Interest

Income

Recognized

 

With no related allowance recorded:

                    

One-to-four family residential owner occupied

 $171  $178  $--  $171  $1 

One-to-four family residential non-owner occupied

  19   19   --   19   3 

Multi-family residential

  --   --   --   --   -- 

Commercial real estate

  131   131   --   131   1 

Construction

  --   --   --   --   -- 

Home equity

  --   --   --   --   -- 

Commercial business

  --   --   --   --   -- 

Other consumer

  --   --   --   --   -- 
                     

With an allowance recorded:

                    

One-to-four family residential owner occupied

 $--  $--  $--  $--  $-- 

One-to-four family residential non-owner occupied

  --   --   --   --   -- 

Multi-family residential

  --   --   --   --   -- 

Commercial real estate

  --   --   --   --   -- 

Construction

  --   --   --   --   -- 

Home equity

  --   --   --   --   -- 

Commercial business

  --   --   --   --   -- 

Other consumer

  --   --   --   --   -- 
                     

Total:

                    

One-to-four family residential owner occupied

 $171   178  $--  $171  $1 

One-to-four family residential non-owner occupied

  19   19   --   19   3 

Multi-family residential

  --   --   --   --   -- 

Commercial real estate

  131   131   --   131   1 

Construction

  --   --   --   --   -- 

Home equity

  --   --   --   --   -- 

Commercial business

  --   --   --   --   -- 

Other consumer

  --   --   --   --   -- 

Total

 $321  $328  $--  $321  $5 

 

The loan portfolio also includes certain loans that have been modified in a troubled debt restructuring, where economic concessions have been granted to borrowers who have experienced or are expected to experience financial difficulties. These concessions typically result from loss mitigation activities and could include reductions in the interest rate, payment extensions, forbearance, or other actions.  At December 31, 2021, the Company had two loans totaling $140,000 that were identified as troubled debt restructurings.  One of these loans was performing in accordance with its modified terms and one was on non-accrual as of December 31, 2021.  During the year ended December 31, 2021, no new loans were identified as TDRs.  At December 31, 2020, the Company had two loans totaling $150,000 that were identified as troubled debt restructurings.  One of these loans was performing in accordance with its modified terms and one was on non-accrual os of December 31, 2020.  If a TDR is placed on non-accrual it is not reverted back to accruing status until the borrower makes timely payments as contracted for at least six months and future collection under the revised terms is probable. 

 

 

44

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

Note 7 - Loans Receivable, Net and Allowance for Loan Losses (Continued)

 

            The following tables present the Company’s TDR loans as of December 31, 2021 and 2020 (dollar amounts in thousands):

 

  

December 31, 2021

 
  

Number of

Contracts

  

Recorded

Investment

  

Non-

Accrual

  

Accruing

  

Related

Allowance

 

One-to-four family residential owner occupied

  --  $--  $--  $--  $-- 

One-to-four family residential non-owner occupied

  1   9   9   --   -- 

Multi-family residential

  --   --   --   --   -- 

Commercial real estate

  1   131   --   131   -- 

Construction

  --   --   --   --   -- 

Home equity

  --   --   --   --   -- 

Commercial business

  --   --   --   --   -- 

Other consumer

  --   --   --   --   -- 

Total

  2  $140  $9  $131  $-- 

 

  

December 31, 2020

 
  

Number of

Contracts

  

Recorded

Investment

  

Non-

Accrual

  

Accruing

  

Related

Allowance

 

One-to-four family residential owner occupied

  --  $--  $--  $--  $-- 

One-to-four family residential non-owner occupied

  1   19   19   --   -- 

Multi-family residential

  --   --   --   --   -- 

Commercial real estate

  1   131   --   131   -- 

Construction

  --   --   --   --   -- 

Home equity

  --   --   --   --   -- 

Commercial business

  --   --   --   --   -- 

Other consumer

  --   --   --   --   -- 

Total

  2  $150  $19  $131  $-- 

 

            The contractual aging of the TDRs in the tables above as of December 31, 2021 and 2020 is as follows (in thousands):

 

  

December 31, 2021

 
  

Current

  

Past Due  30-89 Days

  

Greater

than 90 

Days and

Accruing

  

Non-

Accrual

  

Total

 

One-to-four family residential owner occupied

 $--  $--  $--  $--  $-- 

One-to-four family residential non-owner occupied

  --   --   --   9   9 

Multi-family residential

  --   --   --   --   -- 

Commercial real estate

  131   --   --   --   131 

Construction

  --   --   --   --   -- 

Home equity

  --   --   --   --   -- 

Commercial business

  --   --   --   --   -- 

Other consumer

  --   --   --   --   -- 

Total

 $131  $--  $--  $9  $140 

 

 

 

 

45

 

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

Note 7 - Loans Receivable, Net and Allowance for Loan Losses (Continued)

 

  

December 31, 2020

 
  

Current

  

Past Due

30-89 Days

  

 

Greater

than 90

Days and

Accruing

  

Non-

Accrual

  

Total

   

One-to-four family residential owner occupied

 $--  $--  $--  $--  $-- 

One-to-four family residential non-owner occupied

  --   --   --   19   19 

Multi-family residential

  --   --   --   --   -- 

Commercial real estate

  131   --   --   --   131 

Construction

  --   --   --   --   -- 

Home equity

  --   --   --   --   -- 

Commercial business

  --   --   --   --   -- 

Other consumer

  --   --   --   --   -- 

Total

 $131  $--  $--  $19  $150 

 

Any reserve for an impaired TDR loan is based upon the present value of the future expected cash flows discounted at the loan’s original effective rate or upon the fair value of the collateral less costs to sell, if the loan is deemed collateral dependent. At December 31, 2021 there were 0 commitments to lend additional funds to debtors whose loan terms have been modified as TDRs.

 

The general practice of the Bank is to work with borrowers so that they are able to pay back their loan in full. If a borrower continues to be delinquent or cannot meet the terms of a TDR modification and the loan is determined to be uncollectible, the loan will be charged off. 

 

Following is a summary, by loan portfolio class, of changes in the allowance for loan losses for the year ended December 31, 2021 and recorded investment in loans receivable based on impairment evaluation as of December 31, 2021 (in thousands):

 

  

December 31, 2021

 
  

1-4 Family

Residential

Owner

Occupied

  

1-4 Family

Residential

Non-

Owner

Occupied

  

Multi-

Family

Residential

  

Commercial

Real Estate

  

Construction

  

Home

Equity

  

Commercial

Business

and Other

Consumer

  

Unallocated

  

Total

 

Allowance for loan losses:

 

Beginning balance

 $88  $362  $229  $1,287  $62  $20  $763  $250  $3,061 

Charge-offs

  --   --   --   --   --   --   (17)  --   (17)

Recoveries

  --   --   --   --   --   --   17   --   17 

Provision

  (15)  (70)  20   1,188   57   9   862   150   2,201 

Ending balance

 $73  $292  $249  $2,475  $119  $29  $1,625  $400  $5,262 

Ending balance evaluated

 

for impairment:

                                    

Individually

 $--  $--  $--  $--  $--  $--  $--  $--  $- 

Collectively

 $73  $292  $249  $2,475  $119  $29   1,625  $400  $5,262 

Loans receivable:

                                    

Ending balance

 $9,779  $38,752  $29,344  $183,822  $15,843  $4,706  $129,620      $411,866 

Ending balance evaluated

 

for impairment:

                                    

Individually

 $-  $9  $--  $131  $--  $--  $--      $140 

Collectively

 $9,779  $38,743  $29,344  $183,691  $15,843  $4,706  $129,620      $411,726 

 

 

 

46

 

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

Note 7 - Loans Receivable, Net and Allowance for Loan Losses (Continued)

 

The Bank allocated increased allowance for loan loss provisions to the commercial real estate loan portfolio class for the year ended December 31, 2021, due primarily to changes in volume and qualitative factors in this portfolio class.  The Bank allocated increased allowance for loan loss provisions to the commercial business loan portfolio class for the year ended December 31, 2021, due primarily to changes in qualitative factors in this portfolio class.  The Bank allocated increased allowance for loan loss provisions to the multi-family loan portfolio class for the year ended December 31, 2021, due primarily to changes in qualitative factors in this portfolio class.  The Bank allocated increased allowance for loan loss provisions to the construction loan portfolio class for the year ended December 31, 2021, due primarily to changes in quantitative and qualitative factors in this portfolio class. In general, the primary driver of the increase in qualitative factors was the economic trends factor associated with the COVID-19 pandemic.  In this regard, the Bank increased the unallocated component of the allowance for the year ended December 31, 2021 to cover uncertainties that could affect management’s estimate of probable losses primarily associated with the COVID-19 pandemic.

 

Following is a summary, by loan portfolio class, of changes in the allowance for loan losses for the year ended December 31, 2020 and recorded investment in loans receivable based on impairment evaluation as of December 31, 2020 (in thousands):

 

 

  

December 31, 2020

 
  

1-4 Family

Residential

Owner

Occupied

  

1-4 Family

Residential

Non-Owner

Occupied

  

Multi-

Family

Residential

  

Commercial

Real Estate

  

Construction

  

Home

Equity

  

Commercial

Business and

Other

Consumer

  

Unallocated

  

Total

 

Allowance for loan losses:

 

Beginning balance

 $52  $351  $145  $854  $250  $19  $500  $60  $2,231 

Charge-offs

  --   --   --   --   --   --   --   --   -- 

Recoveries

  --   --   --   --   --   --   --   --   -- 

Provision

  36   11   84   433   (188)  1   263   190   830 

Ending balance

 $88  $362  $229  $1,287  $62  $20  $763  $250  $3,061 

Ending balance evaluated

 

for impairment:

                                    

Individually

 $--  $--  $--  $--  $--  $--  $--  $--  $- 

Collectively

 $88  $362  $229  $1,287  $62  $20   763  $250  $3,061 

Loans receivable:

                                    

Ending balance

 $7,528  $38,884  $24,043  $131,820  $4,775  $3,788  $154,404      $365,242 

Ending balance evaluated

 

for impairment:

                                    

Individually

 $171  $19  $--  $131  $--  $--  $--      $321 

Collectively

 $7,357  $38,865  $24,043  $131,689  $4,775  $3,788  $154,404      $364,921 

 

The Bank allocated increased allowance for loan loss provisions to the commercial real estate loan portfolio class for the year ended December 31, 2020, due primarily to changes in quantitative and qualitative factors in this portfolio class.  The Bank allocated increased allowance for loan loss provisions to the commercial business loan portfolio class for the year ended December 31, 2020, due primarily to changes in qualitative and quantitative factors in this portfolio class.  The Bank allocated increased allowance for loan loss provisions to the multi-family loan portfolio class for the year ended December 31, 2020, due primarily to changes in qualitative factors in this portfolio class.  The Bank allocated decreased allowance for loan loss provisions to the construction loan portfolio class for the year ended December 31, 2020, due primarily to changes in quantitative and qualitative factors in this portfolio class. In general, the primary driver of the increase in qualitative factors was the economic trends factor associated with the COVID-19 pandemic.  In this regard, the Bank increased the unallocated component of the allowance for the year ended December 31, 2020 to cover uncertainties that could affect management’s estimate of probable losses primarily associated with the COVID-19 pandemic.

 

 

 

 

47

 

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

Note 7 - Loans Receivable, Net and Allowance for Loan Losses (Continued)

 

The following table presents non-accrual loans by classes of the loan portfolio as of December 31, 2021 and 2020 (in thousands):

 

  

December 31,

2021

  

December 31,

2020

 

One-to-four family residential owner occupied

 $-  $171 

One-to-four family residential non-owner occupied

  9   19 

Multi-family residential

  --   -- 

Commercial real estate

  --   -- 

Construction

  --   -- 

Home equity

  --   -- 

Commercial business

  --   -- 

Other consumer

  --   -- 

Total

 $9  $190 

 

Non-performing loans, which consist of non-accruing loans plus accruing loans 90 days or more past due, amounted to $9,000 and $643,000 at December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.  For the delinquent loans in our portfolio, we have considered our ability to collect the past due interest, as well as the principal balance of the loan, in order to determine whether specific loans should be placed on non-accrual status. In cases where our evaluations have determined that the principal and interest balances are collectible, we have continued to accrue interest.

 

For the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020 there was 0 interest income recognized on non-accrual loans on a cash basis. Interest income foregone on non-accrual loans was approximately $1,000 for both the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020. 

 

The performance and credit quality of the loan portfolio are also monitored by analyzing the age of the loans receivable as determined by the length of time a recorded payment is past due. The following tables present the classes of the loan portfolio summarized by the past due status as of December 31, 2021 and 2020 (in thousands):

 

  

December 31, 2021

 
  

30-89

Days Past

Due

  

90 Days

or More

Past Due

  

Total

Past Due

  

Current

  

Total Loans

Receivable

  

Loans

Receivable

90 Days or

More Past

Due and

Accruing

 
                         

One-to-four family residential owner occupied

 $809  $-  $809  $8,970  $9,779  $-- 

One-to-four family residential non-owner occupied

  285   9   294   38,458   38,752   -- 

Multi-family residential

  --   --   --   29,344   29,344   -- 

Commercial real estate

  --   --   --   183,822   183,822   -- 

Construction

  --   --   --   15,843   15,843   -- 

Home equity

  --   --   --   4,706   4,706   -- 

Commercial business

  367   --   367   129,241   129,608   -- 

Other consumer

  --   --   --   12   12   -- 

Total

 $1,461  $9  $1,470  $410,396  $411,866  $-- 

 

 

 

 

48

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

Note 7 - Loans Receivable, Net and Allowance for Loan Losses (Continued)

 

  

December 31, 2020

 
  

30-89

Days Past

Due

  

90 Days

or More

Past Due

  

Total

Past Due

  

Current

  

Total Loans

Receivable

  

Loans

Receivable

90 Days or

More Past

Due and

Accruing

 
                         

One-to-four family residential owner occupied

 $822  $171  $993  $6,535  $7,528  $-- 

One-to-four family residential non-owner occupied

  189   66   255   38,629   38,884   66 

Multi-family residential

  1,947   --   1,947   22,096   24,043   -- 

Commercial real estate

  569   387   956   130,864   131,820   387 

Construction

  1,783   --   1,783   2,992   4,775   -- 

Home equity

  --   --   --   3,788   3,788   -- 

Commercial business

  574   --   574   153,813   154,387   -- 

Other consumer

  --   --   --   17   17   -- 

Total

 $5,884  $624  $6,508  $358,734  $365,242  $453 

 

 

Note 8 - Premises and Equipment

 

The components of premises and equipment at December 31, 2021 and 2020 are as follows (in thousands):

 

  

2021

  

2020

 

Land and land improvements

 $292  $292 

Buildings

  1,568   1,553 

Leasehold improvements

  584   564 

Furniture, fixtures and equipment

  2,417   1,827 
   4,861   4,236 

Accumulated depreciation

  (2,208)  (1,895)

Premises and equipment, net

 $2,653  $2,341 

 

Depreciation expense for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020 amounted to approximately $313,000 and $249,000, respectively.

 

Note 9 Goodwill and Other Intangible, Net

 

On January 4, 2021, the Bank acquired a majority ownership interest in Oakmont Capital Holdings, LLC, a multi-state equipment finance company based in West Chester, Pennsylvania with a second significant facility located in Albany, Minnesota. The Bank recognized $2.1 million of goodwill as part of the acquisition of Oakmont Capital Holdings, LLC. On August 1, 2016, Quaint Oak Insurance Agency, LLC began operations by acquiring the renewal rights to a book of business produced and serviced by an independent insurance agency located in New Britain, Pennsylvania, that provides a broad range of personal and commercial insurance coverage solutions.  The Company paid $1.0 million for these rights.  Based on a valuation, $515,000 of the purchase price was determined to be goodwill and $485,000 was determined to be related to the renewal rights to the book of business and deemed to be an other intangible asset.  This other intangible asset is being amortized over a ten year period based upon the annual retention rate of the book of business.   The balance of other intangible asset at December 31, 2021 was $222,000, net of accumulated amortization of $263,000.  Amortization expense for both years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020 amounted to approximately $49,000. 

 

 

 

49

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

Note 9 Goodwill and Other Intangible, Net (Continued)

 

Estimated amortization expense of other intangible for each of the next five years and thereafter is as follows (in thousands):

 

2022

 $49 

2023

  49 

2024

  49 

2025

  49 

Thereafter

  26 

Total

 $222 

 

 

Note 10 - Deposits

 

Deposits and the weighted average interest rate at December 31, 2021 and 2020 consist of the following (in thousands):

 

  

2021

  

2020

 
  

Amount

  

Weighted

Average

Interest
Rate

   Amount  

Weighted

Average

Interest

Rate

   

Non-interest bearing checking accounts

 $64,730   --% $54,202   --%

Passbook accounts

  10   0.15   8   0.16 

Savings accounts

  1,828   0.20   1,570   0.20 

Money market accounts

  200,688   0.56   99,638   0.80 

Certificate of deposit accounts

  179,910   0.94   199,427   1.49 

Total

 $447,166   0.61% $354,845   1.03%

 

A summary of certificates of deposit by maturity at December 31, 2021 is as follows (in thousands):

 

Years ending December 31:

    

2022

 $67,574 

2023

  63,532 

2024

  33,274 

2025

  9,710 

2026

  5,820 

Total

 $179,910 

 

The aggregate amount of certificates of deposit with a minimum denomination of $250,000 was $24.7 million and $29.0 million at December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

 

Note 11 - Borrowings

 

As of December 31, 2021, Quaint Oak Bank has a maximum borrowing capacity with the Federal Home Loan Bank of approximately $276.9 million. Quaint Oak Bank’s Federal Home Loan Bank advances outstanding were $49.2 million and $38.2 million at December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.   As of December 31, 2021, Quaint Oak Bank has $899,000 in borrowing capacity with the Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia under the discount window program.  There were 0 borrowings under this facility at December 31, 2021 and 2020.  The Bank also has borrowing capacity with the FRB under the PPPLF program in the amount of the outstanding pledged PPP loans that totaled $42.6 million at December 31, 2021. Quaint Oak Bank’s outstanding advances with the FRB under the PPPLF program were $3.9 million as of December 31, 2021.

 

 

 

50

 

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

Note 11 Borrowings (Continued)

 

Federal Home Loan Bank short-term borrowings and the weighted interest rate consist of the following at December 31, 2021 and 2020 (dollars in thousands):

 

  

At or For the Year

Ended December 31,

 
  

2021

  

2020

 

FHLB short-term borrowings:

        

Average balance outstanding

 $10,405  $3,292 

Maximum amount outstanding at any month-end during the period

  26,000   20,000 

Balance outstanding at end of period

  26,000   10,000 

Average interest rate during the period

  0.30%  1.12%

Weighted average interest rate at end of period

  0.28%  0.41%

 

Federal Home Loan Bank long-term borrowings and the weighted interest rate consist of the following at December 31, 2021 and 2020 (in thousands):

 

  

December 31, 2021

  

December 31, 2020

Fixed rate borrowings maturing:

 

Amount

  

Weighted

Interest
Rate

  

Amount

  

Weighted

Interest
Rate

 

2021

 $--   --% $5,000   2.20%

2022

  7,171   2.10   7,171   2.10 

2023

  7,000   2.16   7,000   2.16 

2024

  6,167   2.05   6,167   2.05 

2025

  2,855   1.25   2,855   1.25 

Total FHLB long-term debt

 $23,193   2.00% $28,193   2.03%

 

Federal Reserve Bank long-term borrowings decreased to $3.9 million at December 31, 2021 compared to $48.1 million at December 31, 2020 as the Company borrowed this amount to fund PPP loans under the Federal Reserve’s Paycheck Protection Program Liquidity Facility (PPPLF).  Under the PPPLF the Company pledged certain PPP loans as collateral and borrowed from the Federal Reserve at a rate of 0.35% that is fixed for two years. These borrowings are paid off as the PPP loans pledged as collateral are forgiven through the SBA PPP loan forgiveness program.

 

Note 12 Subordinated Debt

 

On December 27, 2018, the Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc. issued $8.0 million in subordinated notes. These notes have a maturity date of December 31, 2028, and bear interest at a fixed rate of 6.50%. The Company may, at its option, at any time on an interest payment date on or after December 31, 2023, redeem the notes, in whole or in part, at par plus accrued interest to the date of redemption.

 

 

51

 

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

Note 12 Subordinated Debt (Continued)

 

The balance and unamortized issuance costs of subordinated debt at December 31, 2021 are as follows (in thousands):

 

  

Principal

  

Unamortized

Debt Issuance

Costs

  

Net

 

6.5% subordinated notes, due December 31, 2028

 $8,000  $67  $7,933 

 

All subordinated notes are not subject to repayment at the option of the noteholders. These notes are all unsecured and rank junior in right of payment to the Company’s obligations to its general creditors.

 

Note 13 - Income Taxes

 

The components of income tax expense for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020 are as follows (in thousands):

 

  

2021

  

2020

 

Federal:

        

Current

 $2,045  $1,442 

Deferred

  (336)  (566)

Total federal

  1,709   876 

State, current

  783   416 

Total

 $2,492  $1,292 

 

The following table presents the reconciliation between the reported income tax expense and the income tax expense which would be computed by applying the normal federal income tax rate of 21% to income before taxes for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively, as follows (in thousands):

 

  

2021

  

2020

 
  

Amount

  

Rate

  

Amount

  

Rate

 

Federal income tax at statutory rate

 $1,868   21.0% $953   21.0%

State tax, net of federal benefit

  618   7.0   328   7.2 

Stock compensation expense

  20   0.2   23   0.5 

Other

  (14)  (0.2)  (12)  (0.3)

Total

 $2,492   28.0% $1,292   28.4%

 

 

 

 

 

 

52

 

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

Note 13 - Income Taxes (Continued)

 

The components of the net deferred tax asset at December 31, 2021 and 2020 are as follows (in thousands):

 

  

2021

  

2020

 

Deferred tax assets:

        

Allowance for loan losses

 $1,105  $643 

Deferred loan fees

  554   642 

Stock-based compensation

  6   6 

Interest on non-accrual loans

  --   3 

Total deferred tax assets

  1,665   1,294 
         

Deferred tax liabilities:

        

Bank premises and equipment

  (199)  (168)

Unrealized gain on investment securities available for sale

  (6)  (31)

Intangible

  (21)  (17)

Total deferred tax liabilities

  (226)  (216)
         

Net Deferred Tax Asset

 $1,439  $1,078 

 

The net deferred tax asset at December 31, 2021 and 2020 of $1.4 million and $1.1 million, respectively, is included in other assets.  NaN valuation allowance was established at December 31, 2021 and 2020, in view of the Company’s tax strategies and anticipated future taxable income as evidenced by the Company’s earnings potential.

 

Note 14 Stock Compensation Plans

 

Employee Stock Ownership Plan

 

The Company maintains an Employee Stock Ownership Plan (ESOP) for the benefit of employees who meet the eligibility requirements of the plan.  Using proceeds from a loan from the Company, the ESOP purchased 8%, or 222,180 shares of the Company’s then outstanding common stock in the open market during 2007.  The Bank made cash contributions to the ESOP on a quarterly basis sufficient to enable the ESOP to make the required loan payments to the Company until the loan was repaid in full as of September 30, 2021.  The loan bore an interest rate of 7.75% per annum, with principal and interest paid quarterly in equal installments over 15 years pursuant to the terms of the original note. The loan was secured by the unallocated shares of common stock held by the ESOP.  As of September 30, 2021, there were no additional quarterly payments remaining on the 2007 loan. 

 

Shares of the Company’s common stock purchased by the ESOP are held in a suspense account and reported as unallocated common stock held by the ESOP in stockholders’ equity until released for allocation to participants.  As the debt is repaid, shares are released from collateral and are allocated to each eligible participant based on the ratio of each such participant’s base compensation to the total base compensation of eligible plan participants.  As the unearned shares are committed to be released and allocated among participants, the Company recognizes compensation expense equal to the average market value of the shares, and the shares become outstanding for earnings per share computations.  During the fourth quarter of 2021, the Company made an additional contribution of 4,000 shares to the ESOP. These shares were released from Treasury Stock at a cost of approximately $77,000. During the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, the Company recognized $265,000 and $173,000 of ESOP expense, respectively.

 

 

 

53

 

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

Note 14 Stock Compensation Plans (Continued)

 

The following table represents the components of the ESOP shares at December 31, 2021 and 2020:

 

  

2021

  

2020

 

Allocated shares

  193,207   179,507 

Unreleased shares

  --   10,821 

Total ESOP shares

  193,207   190,328 
         

Fair value of unreleased shares (in thousands)

 $--  $160 

 

Stock Incentive Plans Share Awards

 

In May 2013, the shareholders of Quaint Oak Bancorp approved the adoption of the 2013 Stock Incentive Plan (the “2013 Stock Incentive Plan”).  The 2013 Stock Incentive Plan approved by shareholders in May 2013 covered a total of 195,000 shares, of which 48,750, or 25%, may be restricted stock awards, for a balance of 146,250 stock options assuming all the restricted shares are awarded.  In May 2018, the shareholders of Quaint Oak Bancorp approved the adoption of the 2018 Stock Incentive Plan (the “2018 Stock Incentive Plan”).  The 2018 Stock Incentive Plan approved by shareholders in May 2018 covered a total of 155,000 shares, of which 38,750, or 25%, may be restricted stock awards, for a balance of 116,250 stock options assuming all the restricted shares are awarded.

 

As of December 31, 2021 a total of 18,845 share awards were unvested under the 2013 and 2018 Stock Incentive Plans and up to 11,750 share awards were available for future grant under the 2018 Stock Incentive Plan and 1,200 share awards under the 2013 Stock Incentive Plan.  The 2013 and 2018 Stock Incentive Plan share awards have vesting periods of five years.

 

A summary of option activity under the Company’s Option Plan and 2013 and 2018 Stock Incentive Plans as of December 31, 2021 and 2020 and changes during the year ended December 31, 2021 and 2020 is as follows:

 

  

2021

  

2020

 
  

Number of

Shares

  

Weighted

Average Grant

Date Fair Value

  

Number of

Shares

  

Weighted

Average Grant

Date Fair Value

 

Unvested at the beginning of the year

  28,266  $13.30   38,887  $13.30 

Granted

  --   --   --   -- 

Vested

  (9,421)  13.30   (9,421)  13.30 

Forfeited

  --   --   (1,200)  13.30 

Unvested at the end of the year

  18,845  $13.30   28,266  $13.30 

 

Compensation expense on the restricted stock awards is recognized ratably over the five year vesting period in an amount which is equal to the fair value of the common stock at the date of grant.  During the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, the Company recognized approximately $124,000 and $129,000 of compensation expense, respectively.  During the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, the Company recognized a tax benefit of approximately $26,000 and $27,000, respectively.  As of December 31, 2021, approximately $168,000 in additional compensation expense will be recognized over the remaining service period of approximately 1.4 years.

 

 

54

 

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

Note 14 Stock Compensation Plans (Continued)

 

Stock Option and Stock Incentive Plans Stock Options

 

In May 2008, the shareholders of Quaint Oak Bancorp approved the adoption of the 2008 Stock Option Plan (the “Option Plan”).  The Option Plan authorized the grant of stock options to officers, employees and directors of the Company to acquire 277,726 shares of common stock with an exercise price no less than the fair market value on the date of the grant.  The Option Plan expired February 13, 2018, however, outstanding options granted in 2013 remain valid and existing for the remainder of their 10 year terms. As described above under “Stock Incentive Plans – Share Awards”, the 2013 Stock Incentive Plan approved by shareholders in May 2013 covered a total of 195,000 shares, of which 146,250 may be stock options assuming all the restricted shares are awarded.  The 2018 Stock Incentive Plan approved by shareholders in May 2018 covered a total of 155,000 shares, of which 116,250 may be stock options assuming all the restricted shares are awarded.

 

All incentive stock options issued under the Option Plan and the 2013 and 2018 Stock Incentive Plans are intended to comply with the requirements of Section 422 of the Internal Revenue Code. Options will become vested and exercisable over a five year period and are generally exercisable for a period of ten years after the grant date.

 

As of December 31, 2021, a total of 233,136 grants of stock options were outstanding under the Option Plan and 2013 and 2018 Stock Incentive Plans and 37,250 stock options were available for future grant under the 2018 Stock Incentive Plan, 3,200 stock options under the 2013 Stock Incentive Plan and none under the Option Plan.  Options will become vested and exercisable over a five year period and are generally exercisable for a period of ten years after the grant date.

 

A summary of option activity under the Company’s Option Plan and Stock Incentive Plan for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020 and changes during the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020 is as follows:

 

  

2021

  

2020

 
  

Number of

Shares

  

Weighted

Average

Exercise

Price

  

Weighted

Average

Remaining

Contractual

Life (in

years)

  

Number  of

Shares

  

Weighted

Average

Exercise

Price

  

Weighted

Average

Remaining

Contractual

Life (in

years)

 

Outstanding at the beginning of the year

  240,636  $10.98   5.2   256,336  $10.87   6.0 

Granted

  --   --   --   --   --   -- 

Exercised

  (7,500)  11.57   --   (12,500)  8.10   -- 

Forfeited

  --   --   --   (3,200)  13.30   -- 

Outstanding at the end of the period

  233,136  $10.96   4.2   240,636  $10.98   5.2 

Exercisable at the end of the period

  180,081  $10.28   5.6   161,054  $9.84   5.4 

 

The estimated fair value of the options granted in May 2018 was $1.75 per share. The fair value was estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option pricing model with the following assumptions:

 

Expected dividend yield                                                     2.11%

Risk-free interest rate                                                         2.96%

Expected life of options                                                    6.5 years

Expected stock-price volatility                                        12.42%

 

 

55

 

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

Note 14 Stock Compensation Plans (Continued)

 

Stock Options (Continued)

 

The dividend yield was calculated on the dividend amount and stock price existing at the grant date.  The risk free interest rate used was based on the rates of United States Treasury securities with maturities equal to the expected lives of the options.  Although the contractual term of the options granted is ten years, the expected term of the options is less.  Management estimated the expected term of the stock options to be the average of the vesting period and the contractual term.  The expected stock-price volatility was estimated by considering the Company’s own stock volatility.  The actual future volatility may differ from our historical volatility.

 

At December 31, 2021, the aggregate intrinsic value of options outstanding was $2.0 million and options exercisable was $1.5 million.  At December 31, 2020, the aggregate intrinsic value of the options outstanding was $906,000 on and options exercisable was $791,000. The aggregate intrinsic value of a stock option represents the total pre-tax intrinsic value (the amount by which the current market value of the underlying stock exceeds the exercise price of the option) that would have been received by the option holder had all option holders exercised their options on December 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020. This amount changes based on changes in the market value of the Company’s common stock.

 

During both the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, approximately $44,000 in compensation expense on stock options was recognized.  A tax benefit of approximately $2,000, was recognized during each of these periods. As of December 31, 2021, approximately $61,000 in additional compensation expense will be recognized over the remaining service period of approximately 1.4 years.

 

Note 15 - Transactions with Executive Officers and Directors

 

Certain directors and executive officers of the Company, their families and their affiliates are customers of the Bank.  Any transactions with such parties, including loans and commitments, are in the ordinary course of business at normal terms, including interest rate and collateralization, prevailing at the time and do not represent more than normal risks of collectability.  None of these individuals were indebted to the Company for loans at December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. 

 

Note 16 - Financial Instruments with Off-Balance Sheet Risk

 

The Company is a party to financial instruments with off-balance sheet risk in the normal course of business to meet the financing needs of its customers.  These financial instruments include commitments to extend credit.  Those instruments involve, to varying degrees, elements of credit risk in excess of the amount recognized in the balance sheet.

 

The Company’s exposure to credit loss in the event of nonperformance by the other party to the financial instrument for commitments to extend credit is represented by the contractual amount of those instruments.  The Company uses the same credit policies in making commitments as it does for on-balance sheet instruments.

A summary of the Company’s financial instrument commitments at December 31, 2021 and 2020 is as follows (in thousands):

 

  

2021

  

2020

 

Commitments to originate loans

 $27,871  $17,631 

Unfunded commitments under lines of credit

  38,732   22,431 

Standby letters of credit

  4,804   1,621 

 

 

 

56

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

Note 16 - Financial Instruments with Off-Balance Sheet Risk (Continued)

 

Commitments to extend credit are agreements to lend to a customer as long as there is no violation of any condition established in the contract.  Since the commitments may expire without being drawn upon, the total commitment amounts do not necessarily represent future cash requirements.  Commitments generally have fixed expiration dates or other termination clauses and may require payment of a fee.  The Company evaluates each customer’s credit worthiness on a case-by-case basis.  The amount of collateral obtained, if deemed necessary by the Company upon extension of credit, is based on management’s credit evaluation.  Collateral held varies, but includes principally residential and commercial real estate.

 

Note 17 - Leases

 

The Company leases its office at 501 Knowles Avenue in Southampton, Pennsylvania as well as other office facilities and equipment.  Due to the adoption of ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), the Company completed a comprehensive review and analysis of all its property contracts. As a result of this review, it was determined that the Company leases three office locations under operating leases. Several assumptions and judgments were made when applying the requirements of Topic 842 to the Corporation’s existing lease commitments, including the allocation of consideration in the contracts between lease and nonlease components, determination of the lease term, and determination of the discount rate used in calculating the present value of the lease payments. 

 

The Company has elected to account for the variable nonlease components, such as common area maintenance charges, utilities, real estate taxes, and insurance, separately from the lease component. Such variable nonlease components are reported in net occupancy expense on the Consolidated Statements of Income when paid.  These variable nonlease components were excluded from the calculation of the present value of the remaining lease payments, therefore, they are not included in the right-of-use assets and lease liabilities reported on the Consolidated Balance Sheets. The lease cost associated with the operating leases was $249,000 for the year ending December 31, 2021 and $208,000 for the year ending December 31, 2020.

 

Certain of the Company’s leases contain options to renew the lease after the initial term. Management considers the Corporation’s historical pattern of exercising renewal options on leases and the positive performance of the leased locations, when determining whether it is reasonably certain that the leases will be renewed. If management concludes that there is reasonable certainty about the renewal option, it is included in the calculation of the remaining term of each applicable lease. The discount rate utilized in calculating the present value of the remaining lease payments for each lease was the Federal Home Loan Bank of Pittsburgh advance rate corresponding to the remaining maturity of the lease. The following table presents the weighted-average remaining lease term and discount rate for the leases outstanding at December 31, 2021.

 

  

Operating

 

Weighted average remaining term (years)

  14.6 

Weighted average discount rate

  2.90%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

57

 

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

Note 17 Leases (Continued)

 

The following table presents the undiscounted cash flows due related to operating leases as of December 31, 2021, along with a reconciliation to the discounted amount recorded on the Consolidated Balance Sheets:

 

Undiscounted cash flows due (In thousands):

 

Operating

 

2022

 $213 

2023

  219 

2024

  222 

2025

  219 

2026

  225 

2027 and thereafter

  1,847 

Total undiscounted cash flows

  2,945 

Discount on cash flows

  (561)

Total lease liabilities

 $2,384 

 

Under Topic 842, the lessee can elect to not record on the Consolidated Balance Sheets a lease whose term is twelve months or less and does not include a purchase option that the lessee is reasonably certain to exercise. As of December 31, 2021, the Corporation had no leases that had a term of twelve months or less.

 

Rental expense under operating leases totaled approximately $297,000 in 2021 and $255,000 in 2020.

 

Note 18 - Regulatory Matters

 

The Bank is subject to various regulatory capital requirements administered by the federal banking agencies.  Failure to meet minimum capital requirements can initiate certain mandatory and possibly additional discretionary actions by regulators that, if undertaken, could have a direct material effect on the Company’s financial statements.  Under capital adequacy guidelines and the regulatory framework for prompt corrective action, the Bank must meet specific capital guidelines that involve quantitative measures of the Bank’s assets, liabilities and certain off-balance sheet items as calculated under regulatory accounting practices.  The Bank’s capital amounts and classification are also subject to qualitative judgments by the regulators about components, risk-weightings and other factors.

 

Quantitative measures established by regulation to ensure capital adequacy require the Bank to maintain minimum amounts and ratios (set forth below) of total, Tier 1, and common equity Tier 1 capital (as defined in the regulations) to risk-weighted assets, and of Tier 1 capital to average assets.  Management believes, as of December 31, 2021, that the Bank meets all capital adequacy requirements to which it is subject.

 

In July of 2013 the respective U.S. federal banking agencies issued final rules implementing Basel III and the Dodd-Frank Act capital requirements to be fully-phased in on a global basis on January 1, 2019. The new regulations established a new tangible common equity capital requirement, increase the minimum requirement for the current Tier 1 risk-weighted asset (“RWA”) ratio, phase out certain kinds of tangibles treated as capital and certain types of instruments and change the risk weightings of certain assets used to determine requirement capital ratios. Provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act generally require these capital rules to apply to bank holding companies and their subsidiaries. The new common equity Tier 1 capital component requires capital of the highest quality-predominantly composed of retained earnings and common stock instruments. For community banks, such as Quaint Oak Bank, a common equity Tier 1 capital ratio of 4.5% became effective on January 1, 2015. The new capital rules also increased the current minimum of Tier 1 capital ratio from 4.0% to 6.0% beginning on January 1, 2015. In addition, in order to make capital distributions and pay discretionary bonuses to executive officers without restriction, an institution must also maintain greater than 2.5% in common equity attributable to a capital conservation buffer to be phased in from January 1, 2016 until January 1, 2019. The new rules also increase the risk weights for several categories of assets, including an increase from 100% to 150% for certain acquisition, development and construction loans and more than 90-day past due exposures. The new capital rules maintain the general structure of the prompt corrective action rules, but incorporate the new common equity Tier 1 capital requirement and the increased Tier 1 RWA requirement into the prompt corrective action framework.

 

 

 

58

 

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

   Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

Note 18 - Regulatory Matters (Continued)

 

Bank holding companies are generally subject to statutory capital requirements, which were implemented by certain of the new capital regulations described above that became effective on January 1, 2015. However, the Small Banking Holding Company Policy Statement exempts certain small bank holding companies like the Company from those requirements provided that they meet certain conditions.

 

On December 27, 2018, Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc. issued $8.0 million in subordinated notes (see Note 12) and infused $6.5 million to the Bank as Tier 1 capital. As of December 31, 2021 the Bank was well capitalized under the regulatory framework for prompt corrective action.  There are no conditions or events since December 31, 2021 that management believes have changed the Bank’s category.   The Company’s ratios do not differ significantly from the Bank’s ratios presented below.

 

The Bank’s actual capital amounts and ratios at December 31, 2021 and 2020 and the minimum amounts and ratios required for capital adequacy purposes and to be well capitalized under the prompt corrective action provisions are as follows (dollars in thousands):

 

  

Actual

  

For Capital Adequacy

Purposes

  

To be Well Capitalized

Under Prompt

Action Provisions

 
  

Amount

  

Ratio

  

Amount

  

Ratio

  

Amount

  

Ratio

 

As of December 31, 2021:

                        

Total capital (to risk-weighted assets)

 $45,765   10.69% $≥34,247   ≥8.00% $≥42,809   ≥10.00%

Tier 1 capital (to risk-weighted assets)

  40,438   9.45   ≥25,685   ≥6.00   ≥32,247   ≥ 8.00 

Common Equity Tier 1 capital (to risk-weighted assets)

  40,438   9.45   ≥19,264   ≥4.50   ≥27,826   ≥ 6.50 

Tier 1 capital (to average assets)

  40,438   7.41   ≥21,822   ≥4.00   ≥27,277   ≥ 5.00 
          
  

Actual

  

For Capital Adequacy
Purposes

  

To be Well Capitalized

Under Prompt

Corrective Action Provisions

 
  

Amount

  

Ratio

  

Amount

  

Ratio

  

Amount

  

Ratio

 

As of December 31, 2020:

                        

Total capital (to risk-weighted assets)

 $37,084   14.52% $20,438   8.00% $25,548   10.00%

Tier 1 capital (to risk-weighted assets)

  33,996   13.31   15,329   6.00   20,438   ≥ 8.00 

Common Equity Tier 1 capital (to risk-weighted assets)

  33,996   13.31   11,496   4.50   16,606    ≥ 6.50 

Tier 1 capital (to average assets)

  33,996   8.56   15,889   4.00   19,861   ≥ 5.00 

 

 

 

59

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

Note 18 - Regulatory Matters (Continued)

 

Under the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System as the primary regulator for the Company is authorized to extend leverage capital requirements and risk based capital requirements applicable to depository institutions and bank holding companies to thrift holding companies.  Legislation adopted in late 2014 generally exempts small savings and loan holding companies like Quaint Oak Bancorp from these capital requirements if certain conditions are met.

 

Banking regulations place certain restrictions on dividends paid by the Bank to the Company.  The Company is dependent upon dividends from the Bank to provide funds for the payment of dividends to the Company’s shareholders, interest payments on the subordinated debt and other general corporate purposes.  The Bank’s ability to pay cash dividends directly or indirectly to the Company is governed by federal law, regulations and related guidance.  These include the requirement that the Bank must receive approval to declare a dividend if the total amount of all dividends, including the proposed dividend, declared by the Bank in any current year exceeds the total of the Bank’s net income for the current year to date, combined with its retained net income for the previous two years.  The term “retained net income” as defined by federal regulations means the Bank’s net income for a specified period less the total amount of all dividends declared in that period.

The Bank may not pay dividends to the Company if, after paying those dividends, it would fail to meet the required minimum levels under risk-based capital guidelines or if the bank regulators have notified the Bank that it is in need of more than normal supervision. Under the Federal Deposit Insurance Act, an insured depository institution such as the Bank is prohibited from making capital distributions, including the payment of dividends, if, after making such distribution, the institution would become “undercapitalized” (as such term is used in the Federal Deposit Insurance Act).  Payment of dividends by the Bank also may be restricted at any time at the discretion of the appropriate regulator if it deems the payment to constitute an unsafe and unsound banking practice.

 

In 2021, the Bank paid a total of $1.0 million in cash dividends to the Company.  In 2020, the Bank paid a total of $500,000 in cash dividends to the Company. At December 31, 2021, the Bank’s retained net income for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020 less the dividends declared and paid during those periods, totaled $8.9 million.

 

Note 19 Fair Value Measurements and Fair Values of Financial Instruments

 

Fair value estimates are based on quoted market prices, if available, quoted market prices of similar assets or liabilities, or the present value of expected future cash flows and other valuation techniques. These valuations are significantly affected by discount rates, cash flow assumptions, and risk assumptions used. Therefore, fair values estimates may not be substantiated by comparison to independent markets and are not intended to reflect the proceeds that may be realizable in an immediate settlement of the instruments.

 

Fair value is determined at one point in time and is not representative of future value. These amounts do not reflect the total value of a going concern organization. Management does not have the intention to dispose of a significant portion of its assets and liabilities and therefore, the unrealized gains or losses should not be interpreted as a forecast of future earnings and cash flows.

 

The following disclosures show the hierarchal disclosure framework associated with the level of pricing observations utilized in measuring assets and liabilities at fair value.  The three broad levels of pricing are as follows:

 

Level I:              Quoted prices are available in active markets for identical assets or liabilities as of the reported date.

 

Level II:            Pricing inputs are other than the quoted prices in active markets, which are either directly or indirectly observable as of the reported date.  The nature of these assets and liabilities includes items for which quoted prices are available but traded less frequently and items that are fair-valued using other financial instruments, the parameters of which can be directly observed.

 

 

60

 

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

Note 19 Fair Value Measurements and Fair Values of Financial Instruments (Continued)

 

Level III:          Valuations derived from valuation techniques in which one or more significant inputs or significant value drivers are unobservable.

 

This hierarchy requires the use of observable market data when available.

 

The methods of determining the fair value of assets and liabilities presented in this note are consistent with our methodologies disclosed in Note 18 of the Company’s 2021 Form 10-K, as the fair value of loans, excluding previously presented impaired loans measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis, is estimated using discounted cash flow analyses.  The discount rates used to determine fair value use interest rate spreads that reflect factors such as liquidity, credit and non-performance risk.  Loans are considered a Level 3 classification.

 

The following is a discussion of assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring and non-recurring basis and valuation techniques applied:

 

Investment Securities Available For Sale: The fair value of securities available for sale are determined by obtaining quoted market prices on nationally recognized securities exchanges (Level 1), or matrix pricing (Level 2), which is a mathematical technique used widely in the industry to value debt securities without relying exclusively on quoted market prices for the specific securities but rather by relying on the securities’ relationship to other benchmark quoted prices.

 

We may be required from time to time to measure certain assets at fair value on a nonrecurring basis in accordance with U.S. GAAP. These adjustments to fair value usually result from application of lower-of-cost-or-market accounting or write-downs of individual assets.

 

Impaired Loans: Impaired loans are carried at the lower of cost or the fair value of the collateral for collateral-dependent loans less estimated costs to sell. Collateral is primarily in the form of real estate. The use of independent appraisals, discounted cash flow models and management’s best judgment are significant inputs in arriving at the fair value measure of the underlying collateral and impaired loans are therefore classified within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy.

 

Other Real Estate Owned: Other real estate owned is carried at the lower of the investment in the real estate or the fair value of the real estate less estimated selling costs. The use of independent appraisals and management’s best judgment are significant inputs in arriving at the fair value measure of the underlying collateral and therefore other real estate owned is classified within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy.

 

 

 

 

 

 

61

 

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

Note 19 Fair Value Measurements and Fair Values of Financial Instruments (Continued)

 

The table below sets forth the financial assets and liabilities that were accounted for on a recurring and nonrecurring basis by level within the fair value hierarchy as of December 31, 2021 (in thousands):

 

  

December 31, 2021

 
  

Fair Value Measurements Using:

 
  

Total Fair

Value

  

Quoted

Prices in

Active

Markets for

Identical

Assets

(Level 1)

  

Significant Other

Observable

Inputs

(Level 2)

  

Unobservable

Inputs

(Level 3)

 

Recurring fair value measurements:

                

Investment securities available for sale

                

Government National Mortgage Association mortgage-backed securities

 $3,882  $--  $3,882  $-- 

Federal National Mortgage Association mortgage-backed securities

  151   --   151   -- 

Total investment securities available for sale

 $4,033  $--  $4,033  $-- 

Total recurring fair value measurements

 $4,033  $--  $4,033  $-- 
                 

Nonrecurring fair value measurements

                

Impaired loans

 $140  $--  $--  $140 

Total nonrecurring fair value measurements

 $140  $--  $--  $140 

 

The table below sets forth the financial assets and liabilities that were accounted for on a recurring and nonrecurring basis by level within the fair value hierarchy as of December 31, 2020 (in thousands):

 

  

December 31, 2020

 
  

Fair Value Measurements Using:

 
  

Total Fair

Value

  

Quoted

Prices in

Active

Markets for

Identical

Assets

(Level 1)

  

Significant Other

Observable

Inputs

(Level 2)

  

Unobservable

Inputs

(Level 3)

 

Recurring fair value measurements:

                

Investment securities available for sale

                

Government National Mortgage Association mortgage-backed securities

 $4,913  $--  $4,913  $-- 

Federal National Mortgage Association mortgage-backed securities

  189   --   189   -- 

Corporate notes

  5,623   --   5,623   -- 

Total investment securities available for sale

 $10,725  $--  $10,725  $-- 

Total recurring fair value measurements

 $10,725  $--  $10,725  $-- 
                 

Nonrecurring fair value measurements

                

Impaired loans

 $321  $--  $--  $321 

Other Real Estate Owned

  286   --   --   286 

Total nonrecurring fair value measurements

 $607  $--  $--  $607 

 

 

 

62

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

Note 19 Fair Value Measurements and Fair Values of Financial Instruments (Continued)

 

The following table presents additional quantitative information about assets measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis and for which the Company has used Level 3 inputs to determine fair value as of December 31, 2021 and 2020 (dollars in thousands):

 

  

December 31, 2021

 
  Quantitative Information About Level 3 Fair Value Measurements 
  

Total Fair

Value

 

Valuation

Techniques

 

Unobservable

Input

 

Range (Weighted

Average)

 

Impaired loans

 $140 

Appraisal of collateral (1)

 

Appraisal adjustments (2)   8%(8%)

 

  

December 31, 2020

 
  Quantitative Information About Level 3 Fair Value Measurements 
  

Total Fair

Value

 

Valuation

Techniques

 

Unobservable

Input

 

Range (Weighted

Average)

 

Impaired loans

 $321 

Appraisal of collateral (1)

 

Appraisal adjustments (2)   8%(8%)
Other real estate owned  $286 Appraisal of collateral (1) Appraisal adjustments (2)   0%-12%(12%)

 

 

______________

(1)   Fair value is generally determined through independent appraisals of the underlying collateral, which generally include various Level 3 inputs which are identifiable.

 

(2)   Appraisals may be adjusted by management for qualitative factors such as economic conditions and estimated liquidation expenses.  The range and weighted average of liquidation

       expenses and other appraisal adjustments are presented as a percentage of the appraisal.

 

The estimated fair values of the Company’s financial instruments that are not required to be measured or reported at fair value were as follows at December 31, 2021 and 2020 (in thousands):

 

          

Fair Value Measurements at

 
          

December 31, 2021

 
  

Carrying

Amount

  

Fair Value

Estimate

  

Quoted Prices in

Active Markets

for Identical

Assets

(Level 1)

  

Significant

Other

Observable

Inputs

(Level 2)

  

Unobservable

Inputs

(Level 3)

 

Financial Assets

                    

Investment in interest-earning time deposits

 $7,924  $8,091  $--  $--  $8,091 

Loans held for sale

  107,823   112,843   --   112,843   -- 

Loans receivable, net

  403,966   409,203   --   --   409,203 
                     

Financial Liabilities

                    

Deposits

  447,166   446,576   267,255   --   179,321 

FHLB long-term borrowings

  23,193   23,231   --   --   23,231 

FRB long-term borrowings

  3,895   3,895   -   -   3,895 

Subordinated debt

  7,933   8,312   -   -   8,312 

 

 

63

 

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

Note 19 Fair Value Measurements and Fair Values of Financial Instruments (Continued)

 

          

Fair Value Measurements at

 
          

December 31, 2020

 
  

Carrying

Amount

  

Fair Value

Estimate

  

Quoted Prices in

Active Markets

for Identical

Assets

(Level 1)

  

Significant

Other

Observable

Inputs

(Level 2)

  

Unobservable

Inputs

(Level 3)

 

Financial Assets

                    

Investment in interest-earning time deposits

 $9,463  $10,536  $--  $--  $10,536 

Loans held for sale

  53,191   62,396   --   62,396   -- 

Loans receivable, net

  359,122   363,527   --   --   363,527 
                     

Financial Liabilities

                    

Deposits

  354,845   358,112   155,417   --   202,695 

FHLB long-term borrowings

  28,193   28,284   --   --   28,284 

FRB long-term borrowings

  48,134   48,126   -   -   48,126 

Subordinated debt

  7,899   8,283   -   -   8,283 

 

For cash and cash equivalents, accrued interest receivable, investment in FHLB stock, bank-owned life insurance, FHLB short-term borrowings, accrued interest payable, and advances from borrowers for taxes and insurance, the carrying value is a reasonable estimate of the fair value and are considered Level 1 measurements.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

64

 

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

Note 20 Operating Segments

 

The Company’s operations currently consist of two reportable operating segments: Banking and Mortgage Banking. The Company offers different products and services through its two segments. The accounting policies of the segments are generally the same as those of the consolidated company.

 

The Banking Segment generates its revenues primarily from its lending, deposit gathering and fee business activities. The profitability of this segment’s operations depends primarily on its net interest income after provision for credit losses, which is the difference between interest earned on interest earning assets and interest paid on interest bearing liabilities less provision for credit losses. The provision for credit losses is almost entirely dependent on changes in the Banking Segment’s loan portfolio and management’s assessment of the collectability of the loan portfolio as well as prevailing economic and market conditions. The profitability of this segment’s operations also depends on the generation of non-interest income which includes fees and commissions generated by Quaint Oak Bank and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, Quaint Oak Real Estate, LLC, Quaint Oak Abstract, LLC, Quaint Oak Insurance Agency, LLC, and Oakmont Commercial, LLC, which are included in the Banking Segment for segment reporting purposes.  The Banking Segment is also subject to an extensive system of laws and regulations that are intended primarily for the protection of depositors and other customers, federal deposit insurance funds and the banking system as a whole. These laws and regulations govern such areas as capital, permissible activities, allowance for loan and lease losses, loans and investments, and rates of interest that can be charged on loans. For segment reporting purposes, Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc. is included as part of the Company’s Banking segment.

 

The Mortgage Banking Segment originates residential mortgage loans which are sold into the secondary market along with the loans’ servicing rights.  The profitability of this segment’s operations depends primarily on the gains realized from the sale of loans and processing fees. The Mortgage Banking Segment is also subject to an extensive system of laws and regulations that are intended primarily for the protection of consumers.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

65

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

Note 20 Operating Segments (Continued)

 

The following table present summary financial information for the reportable segments (in thousands):

 

  

As of or for the Year Ended December 31,

 
  

2021

  

2020

 
  

Quaint

Oak

Bank(1)

  

Quaint

Oak

Mortgage

  

Consolidated

  

Quaint

Oak

Bank(1)

  

Quaint

Oak

Mortgage

  

Consolidated

 

Net Interest Income

 $20,746  $(126) $20,620  $11,190  $(355) $10,835 

Provision for Loan Losses

  2,201   --   2,201   830   --   830 

Net Interest Income after Provision for

Loan Losses

  18,545   (126)  18,419   10,360   (355)  10,005 
                         

Non-Interest Income

                        

Mortgage banking and title abstract fees

  1,937   562   2,499   923   656   1,579 

Real estate sales commissions, net

  170   --   170   159   --   159 

Insurance commissions

  509   --   509   490   --   490 

Other fees and services charges

  255   --   255   109   --   109 

Loan servicing income

  149   --   149   --   --   -- 

Income from bank-owned life insurance

  83   --   83   80   --   80 

Net gain on loans held for sale

  3,804   3,077   6,881   --   4,320   4,320 

Gain on the sale of SBA loans

  1,147   --   1,147   115   --   115 

Loss on sale of investment securities

available for sale

  362   --   362   --   --   -- 

Loss on sales and write-downs of

other real estate owned

  (73)  --   (73)  (197)  --   (197)

Total Non-Interest Income

  8,343   3,639   11,982   1,679   4,976   6,655 
                         

Non-Interest Expense

                        

Salaries and employee benefits

  13,492   2,046   15,538   6,980   1,447   8,427 

Directors’ fees and expenses

  252   --   252   232   --   232 

Occupancy and equipment

  1,322   299   1,621   631   282   913 

Data processing

  605   296   901   470   247   717 

Professional fees

  586   73   659   501   40   541 

FDIC deposit insurance assessment

  331   --   331   121   --   121 

Other real estate owned expenses

  --   --   --   42   --   42 

Advertising

  289   62   351   92   21   113 

Amortization of other intangible

  49   --   49   49   --   49 

Other

  1,289   96   1,385   909   59   968 

Total Non-Interest Expense

  18,215   2,872   21,087   10,027   2,096   12,123 
                         

Pretax Segment Profit

 $8,673  $641  $9,314  $2,012  $2,525  $4,537 
                         

Segment Assets

 $524,943  $29,172  $554,115  $422,230  $61,845  $484,075 

___________________

(1)  Includes Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc. and the Bank’s Subsidiaries, Quaint Oak Real Estate, Quaint Oak Abstract, Quaint Oak Insurance Agency, QOB Properties, Oakmont Commercial and Oakmont Capital Holdings.

 

 

 

 

 

 

66

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

Note 21 Acquisition of Oakmont Capital Holdings, LLC

 

On January 4, 2021, Quaint Oak Bank, the wholly-owned subsidiary of Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc., invested $2.3 million for a 51% majority ownership interest in Oakmont Capital Holdings, LLC (“Oakmont”), a multi-state equipment finance company based in West Chester, Pennsylvania with a second significant facility located in Albany, Minnesota. Oakmont has been providing commercial equipment financing and working capital throughout all 50 states since 1998. Quaint Oak Bank and Oakmont have had an existing business relationship since 2015. The investment in Oakmont provides additional financial resources to support Oakmont’s national expansion plans within  the equipment finance industry as well as support an expansion of Oakmont’s business lines, while adding an equipment finance company to Quaint Oak Bank’s subsidiary companies.                                      

 

The following table summarizes the investment in Oakmont Capital Holdings, LLC as of January 4, 2021:

 

Controlling interest:

    

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc. investment – 51.00 units

 $2,284 

Purchase price assigned to controlling interest

  2,284 

Noncontrolling interest:

    

JPL Capital, LLC investment – 24.50 units

 $850 

Preferred Business Leasing, Inc. investment – 12.25 units

  426 

Lecy Consulting, LLC investment – 12.25 units

  426 

Purchase price assigned to noncontrolling interest

 $1,702 

Total purchase price consideration

 $3,986 

 

Net assets acquired:

 

Assets

    

Cash and cash equivalents

 $1,259 

Leases, net of unearned income

  9,611 

Premises and equipment

  37 

Prepaid expenses

  24 

Other assets

  1,087 

Total Assets

 $12,018 
     

Liabilities

    

Borrowings

 $12,515 

Accrued interest payable

  74 

Total Liabilities

 $12,589 
     

Total net assets of Oakmont Capital Holdings, LLC

 $(571)

Capital contribution by Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.

 $2,284 

Total tangible equity

 $1,713 

 

Estimated adjustments to reflect assets acquired at fair value:

    

Loans fair value adjustment

 $(216)

Net assets acquired

  1,928 

Goodwill

  2,058 

 

 

 

67

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

Note 22  Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc. (Parent Company Only)

 

Condensed financial statements of Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc. are as follows (in thousands):

 

Balance Sheets

 

  

December 31,

 
  

2021

  

2020

 

Assets

        

Cash and cash equivalents

 $676  $333 

Investment in Quaint Oak Bank

  40,556   34,766 

Premises and equipment, net

  1,474   1,513 

Other assets

  16   15 

Total Assets

 $42,722  $36,627 
         

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

        

Subordinated debt

 $7,933  $7,899 

Stockholders’ equity

  34,789   28,728 

Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

 $42,722  $36,627 

 

Statements of Income

  

For the Year Ended December 31,

 
  

2021

  

2020

 

Income

        

Dividends from subsidiary

 $1,000  $500 

Interest income

  -   2 

Rental income

  314   339 

Total Income

  1,314   841 
         

Expenses

        

Occupancy and equipment expense

  110   96 

Interest on subordinated debt

  520   520 

Other expenses

  156   158 

Total Expenses

  786   774 
         

Net Income Before Income Taxes

  528   67 

Equity in Undistributed Net Income of Subsidiary

  5,777   3,087 

Income Tax Benefit

  99   91 

Net Income

 $6,404  $3,245 
         

Comprehensive Income

 $6,309  $3,343 

 

 

 

 

 

68

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

 

Note 22  Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc. (Parent Company Only) (Continued)

 

Statements of Cash Flows

 

  

For the Year Ended December 31,

 
  

2021

  

2020

 
         

Operating Activities

        

Net income

 $6,404  $3,245 

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:

        

Undistributed net income in subsidiary

  (5,777)  (3,087)

Depreciation expense

  54   53 

Amortization of subordinated debt issuance costs

  34   34 

Stock-based compensation expense

  324   346 

Decrease in other assets

  -   (52)

Net cash provided by operating activities

  1,039   539 
         

Investing Activities

        

Purchase of property and equipment

  (15)  (7)

Net cash used in investing activities

  (15)  (7)
         

Financing Activities

        

Dividends paid

  (839)  (717)

Purchase of treasury stock

  (25)  (349)

Proceeds from the reissuance of treasury stock

  96   97 

Proceeds from the exercise of stock options

  87   101 

     Net cash used in financing activities

  (681)  (868)
         

Net Increase (Decrease) in Cash and Cash Equivalents

  343   (336)

Cash and Cash Equivalents-Beginning of Year

  333   669 

Cash and Cash Equivalents-End of Year

 $676  $333 

 

 

 

 

69

 

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

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70

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


 

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71
 

Quaint Oak Bancorp, Inc.


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