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HCCI Heritage-Crystal Clean

Filed: 4 May 21, 8:00pm




UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 For the quarterly period ended March, 27, 2021
 OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 For the transition period from _________________to _________________

Commission File Number 001-33987

hcci-20210327_g1.jpg

HERITAGE-CRYSTAL CLEAN, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware 26-0351454
State or other jurisdiction of (I.R.S. Employer
Incorporation Identification No.)

2175 Point Boulevard
Suite 375
Elgin, IL 60123
(Address of principal executive offices and zip code)  

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (847) 836-5670
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each ClassTrading SymbolName of Exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.01 per shareHCCINASDAQ

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes x No o

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Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).   Yes x No o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company.  See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” "smaller reporting company," and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer o
 
Accelerated filer x
Non-accelerated filer o
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company) Smaller reporting company   ☐
Emerging growth company   ☐
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes ☐ No x

On April 30, 2021, there were outstanding 24,197,966 shares of Common Stock, $0.01 par value, of Heritage-Crystal Clean, Inc.



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Table of Contents


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PART I

    ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS



Heritage-Crystal Clean, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In Thousands, Except Share and Par Value Amounts)
 March 27,
2021
January 2,
2021
(unaudited)
ASSETS 
Current assets: 
Cash and cash equivalents$46,669 $67,575 
Accounts receivable - net52,614 48,479 
Inventory - net25,530 24,978 
Assets held for sale2,446 2,446 
Other current assets5,574 8,005 
Total current assets132,833 151,483 
Property, plant and equipment - net154,747 153,016 
Right of use assets76,089 78,942 
Equipment at customers - net23,930 23,111 
Software and intangible assets - net18,484 19,576 
Goodwill35,541 35,541 
Other assets677 
Total assets$442,301 $461,669 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY 
Current liabilities: 
Accounts payable$31,017 $29,663 
Current portion of lease liabilities18,988 19,198 
Contract liabilities - net2,235 1,983 
Accrued salaries, wages, and benefits5,201 6,647 
Taxes payable10,136 10,592 
Other current liabilities5,306 4,918 
Total current liabilities72,883 73,001 
  Lease liabilities, net of current portion57,584 60,294 
  Long-term debt, less current maturities29,656 
Deferred income taxes24,517 21,218 
Total liabilities$154,984 $184,169 
STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY: 
Common stock - 26,000,000 shares authorized at $0.01 par value, 23,390,434 and 23,340,700 shares issued and outstanding at March 27, 2021 and January 2, 2021, respectively$234 $233 
Additional paid-in capital201,758 201,148 
Retained earnings85,325 76,119 
Total stockholders' equity$287,317 $277,500 
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity$442,301 $461,669 
 
See accompanying notes to financial statements.
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Heritage-Crystal Clean, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income
(In Thousands, Except per Share Amounts)
(Unaudited)


 First Quarter Ended,
 March 27,
2021
March 21,
2020
Revenues
Service revenues$57,700 $63,757 
Product revenues42,266 37,722 
Rental income5,416 5,785 
Total revenues$105,382 $107,264 
Operating expenses
Operating costs$76,771 $83,250 
Selling, general, and administrative expenses12,188 11,522 
Depreciation and amortization3,782 5,268 
Other (income) expense - net(108)272 
Operating income12,749 6,952 
Interest expense – net324 214 
Income before income taxes12,425 6,738 
Provision for income taxes3,219 1,447 
Net income$9,206 $5,291 
Net income per share: basic$0.39 $0.23 
Net income per share: diluted$0.39 $0.23 
Number of weighted average shares outstanding: basic$23,373 23,239 
Number of weighted average shares outstanding: diluted$23,509 23,422 

 
See accompanying notes to financial statements.


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Heritage-Crystal Clean, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Stockholders’ Equity
(In Thousands, Except Share Amounts)
For the First Quarter Ended March 27, 2021 and March 21, 2020
(Unaudited)

First Quarter Ended,
March 27, 2021
SharesPar
Value
Common
Additional Paidin
Capital
Retained EarningsTotal Heritage-Crystal Clean, Inc. Stockholders' EquityNon-controlling InterestTotal Equity
Balance at January 2, 202123,340,700 $233 $201,148 $76,119 $277,500 $$277,500 
 Net income— — — 9,206 9,206 — 9,206 
 Distribution— — — — — — 
Issuance of common stock – ESPP6,072 — 122 — 122 — 122 
Share-based compensation43,662 1,217 — 1,218 — 1,218 
Share repurchases to satisfy tax withholding obligations— — (729)— (729)— (729)
Balance at March 27, 202123,390,434 $234 $201,758 $85,325 $287,317 $$287,317 
First Quarter Ended,
March 21, 2020
SharesPar
Value
Common
Additional Paidin
Capital
Retained EarningsTotal Heritage-Crystal Clean, Inc. Stockholders' EquityNon-controlling InterestTotal Equity
Balance at December 28, 201923,191,498 $232 $200,583 $64,182 $264,997 $634 $265,631 
Net income— — — 5,291 5,291 — 5,291 
   Non-controlling interest acquisition— — (2,678)— (2,678)— (2,678)
   Distribution— — — — — (634)(634)
 Issuance of common stock – ESPP4,102 — 122 — 122 — 122 
   Share-based compensation52,312 — 1,069 — 1,069 — 1,069 
Share repurchases to satisfy tax withholding obligations— — (791)— (791)— (791)
Balance at March 21, 202023,247,912 $232 $198,305 $69,473 $268,010 $$268,010 
 















See accompanying notes to financial statements.
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Heritage-Crystal Clean, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(In Thousands)
(Unaudited)

 First Quarters Ended,
 March 27,
2021
March 21,
2020
Cash flows from Operating Activities:  
Net income$9,206 $5,291 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization3,782 5,268 
Uncollectible provision474 189 
Share-based compensation1,218 1,069 
Deferred taxes3,299 1,459 
Other, net376 (424)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
   (Increase) decrease in accounts receivable(4,609)275 
   (Increase) decrease in inventory(552)262 
   Decrease in other current assets2,557 1,040 
  Increase (decrease) in accounts payable1,345 (5,273)
  (Decrease) increase in accrued liabilities(893)1,320 
Cash provided by operating activities$16,203 $10,476 
Cash flows from Investing Activities:  
Capital expenditures$(5,411)$(9,842)
Proceeds from sale of assets149
Cash used in investing activities$(5,262)$(9,842)
Cash flows from Financing Activities:  
Payment of Term Loan(30,000)
Debt Issuance Costs(804)
Repayment of principal on finance leases(436)(210)
Share repurchases to satisfy tax withholding obligations(729)(791)
Proceeds from the issuance of common stock122 122 
Payments of deferred and contingent consideration(199)
Distributions to noncontrolling interest(3,312)
Cash used in financing activities$(31,847)$(4,390)
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents(20,906)(3,756)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period67,575 60,694 
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period$46,669 $56,938 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:  
Income taxes paid$947 $31 
Cash paid for interest108 92 
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash information: 
Payables for construction in progress754 465 
See accompanying notes to financial statements.




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HERITAGE-CRYSTAL CLEAN, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

March 27, 2021


(1)    ORGANIZATION AND NATURE OF OPERATIONS

Heritage-Crystal Clean, Inc., a Delaware corporation and its subsidiaries (collectively the “Company”), provide parts cleaning, hazardous and non-hazardous containerized waste, used oil collection, wastewater and vacuum, antifreeze recycling and field services primarily to small and mid-sized industrial and vehicle maintenance customers. The Company owns and operates a used oil re-refinery where it re-refines used oils and sells high quality base oil for lubricants as well as other re-refinery products. The Company also has multiple locations where it dehydrates used oil. The oil processed at these locations is primarily sold as recycled fuel oil. The Company also operates multiple wastewater treatment plants and antifreeze recycling facilities at which it produces virgin-quality antifreeze. The Company's locations are in the United States and Ontario, Canada. The Company conducts its primary business operations through Heritage-Crystal Clean, LLC, its wholly owned subsidiary, and all intercompany balances have been eliminated in consolidation.

The Company has 2 reportable segments: "Environmental Services" and "Oil Business." The Environmental Services segment consists of the Company's parts cleaning, containerized waste management, wastewater and vacuum services, antifreeze recycling activities, and field services. The Oil Business segment consists of the Company's used oil collection, recycled fuel oil sales, used oil re-refining activities, and used oil filter removal and disposal services. No customer represented greater than 10% of consolidated revenues for any of the periods presented. There were no intersegment revenues. Both segments operate in the United States and, to an immaterial degree, in Ontario, Canada. As such, the Company is not disclosing operating results by geographic segment.

The Company’s fiscal year ends on the Saturday closest to December 31. The most recent fiscal year ended on January 2, 2021. Each of the Company's first three fiscal quarters consists of twelve weeks while the last fiscal quarter consists of sixteen or seventeen weeks.  

In the Company's Environmental Services segment, product revenues include sales of solvent, machines, absorbent, accessories, and antifreeze; service revenues include servicing of parts cleaning machines, containerized waste removal services, wastewater and vacuum services, field services, and other services; rental income includes embedded lease income from certain of our parts cleaning contracts. In the Company's Oil Business segment, product revenues primarily consist of sales of re-refined base oil, re-refinery co-products and recycled fuel oil; service revenues include revenues from used oil collection activities, collecting and disposing of waste water and removal and disposal of used oil filters. Due to the Company's integrated business model, it is impracticable to separately present costs of tangible products and costs of services.

COVID-19 Pandemic

We are closely monitoring the spread and impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and are continually assessing its potential effects on our business and our financial performance as well as the businesses of our customers and vendors. The Company cannot predict the duration or severity of the COVID-19 pandemic, and we cannot reasonably estimate the financial impact the COVID-19 outbreak will have on our results and significant estimates going forward.


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(2)    SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

    The Company's significant accounting policies are described in Note 2, "Summary of Significant Accounting Policies," in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 2, 2021. There have been no material changes in these policies or their application during the third quarter of fiscal 2021.

Recently Issued Accounting Standards Adopted
StandardIssuance DateDescriptionEffective DateEffect on the Financial Statements
ASU 2020-04: Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848)March 12, 2020In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-04: Reference Rate Reform which provides optional expedients and exceptions for applying U.S. GAAP to contracts, hedging relationships, and other transactions affected by the discontinuance of LIBOR or another referenced rate. The guidance may be applied to any applicable contract entered into before December 31, 2022.The Company plans on applying the accounting standard to contracts, hedging relationships, and other transactions affected by the discontinuance of LIBOR on a prospective basis.The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this guidance on the consolidated financial statements.



















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(3)    BUSINESS COMBINATIONS


On March 31, 2020, the Company completed the acquisition of certain assets of Gro America (“Gro”), which has expanded our network of wastewater processing facilities and augmented our field services capabilities to better serve our customers throughout the Midwestern United States. The purchase price was $10.0 million subject to certain adjustments, including a working capital adjustment, and was allocated based on our estimates and assumptions of the approximate fair values of assets acquired and liabilities assumed on the acquisition date. Goodwill recognized from the acquisition of Gro America represents the excess of the estimated purchase consideration transferred over the estimated fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed. Factors leading to goodwill being recognized consist of the Company's expectations of synergies from combining operations of Gro America and the Company as well as the value of intangible assets that are not separately recognized, such as assembled workforce. Transaction costs incurred in conjunction with the acquisition of Gro America were immaterial. The results of Gro America are consolidated into the Company’s Environmental Services segment.

On December 27, 2019, the Company acquired the remaining ownership interest in one of our subsidiaries in the amount of $2.7 million.

On October 8, 2019, the Company completed the acquisition of certain assets of California Environmental & Litho, Inc., which provided regulated waste disposal, transportation, manifesting, labeling and profiling services to printing, photographic, automotive and body shop industries in the Bay Area, Central Valley & Northern California. No facilities were acquired in the transaction and all service employees and activity have been consolidated in existing branch territories. Total consideration for the acquisition was approximately $0.5 million. Factors leading to goodwill being recognized are the Company's expectations of synergies from combining operations of California Environmental & Litho, Inc., and the Company as well as the value of intangible assets that are not separately recognized, such as assembled workforce.

On March 25, 2019, the Company completed the acquisition of certain assets of All Valley Disposal, Inc., an environmental services provider based in Fresno, California. Consideration for the acquisition paid at closing was $0.6 million. Contingent upon the achievement of certain business performance metrics, total consideration for the acquisition could reach a maximum of approximately $1.0 million. Factors leading to goodwill being recognized are the Company's expectations of synergies from combining operations of All Valley Disposal, Inc. and the Company as well as the value of intangible assets that are not separately recognized, such as an assembled workforce. The results of All Valley Disposal are consolidated into the Company’s Environmental Services segment.

On February 1, 2019, the Company purchased the assets of W.S. Supplies, Inc. ("WSS") pursuant to an Asset Purchase Agreement. The Company purchased the assets of WSS to expand the Company’s Environmental Services segment in the mid-west. The purchase price was $0.5 million subject to certain adjustments, including a contingent consideration provision, and is allocated based on our estimates and assumptions of the approximate fair values of assets acquired on the acquisition date. The results of WSS are consolidated into the Company’s Environmental Services segment.

On January 11, 2019, the Company purchased the assets of the consumer division of GlyEco, Inc. ("GlyEco") pursuant to an Asset Purchase Agreement. The Company purchased the assets of GlyEco's consumer division to expand the Company’s antifreeze line of business while expanding geographically. The purchase price was $1.6 million subject to certain adjustments, including working capital adjustments, and is allocated based on our estimates and assumptions of the approximate fair values of assets acquired on the acquisition date. Factors leading to goodwill being recognized are the Company's expectations of synergies from combining operations of GlyEco and the Company as well as the value of intangible assets that are not separately recognized, such as assembled workforce. The results of GlyEco are consolidated into the Company’s Environmental Services segment.











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The following table summarizes the estimated fair values of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed, net of cash acquired, related to each acquisition:

As of March 27, 2021
(thousands)Gro AmericaCalifornia Environmental & LithoAll Valley DisposalGlyEcoWSS
Accounts receivable$752 $67 $36 $107 $
Inventory18 291 28 
Property, plant, & equipment1,490 15 252 746 154 
Equipment at customers24 
Intangible assets5,300 445 310 251 298 
Goodwill2,541 384 251 
Accounts payable(78)
Total purchase price, net of cash acquired$10,005 $533 $1,000 $1,646 $504 
Less: working capital adjustment23 
Less: contingent consideration120 250 
Less: to be placed in escrow100 
Net cash paid$10,005 $413 $650 $1,623 $504 





(4) REVENUE

We account for a contract when it has approval and commitment from both parties, the rights of the parties are identified, payment terms are identified, the contract has commercial substance and collectability of consideration is probable. Revenue is recognized when our performance obligations under the terms of a contract with our customers are satisfied. Recognition occurs when the Company transfers control by completing the specified services at the point in time the customer benefits from the services performed or once our products are delivered. The Company measures progress toward complete satisfaction of a performance obligation satisfied over time using a cost-based input method. This method of measuring progress provides a faithful depiction of the transfer of goods or services because the costs incurred are expected to be substantially proportionate to the Company’s satisfaction of the performance obligation. Revenue is measured as the amount of consideration we expect to receive in exchange for completing our performance obligations. Sales tax and other taxes we collect with revenue-producing activities are excluded from revenue. In the case of contracts with multiple performance obligations, the Company allocates the transaction price to each performance obligation based on the relative stand-alone selling prices of the various goods and/or services encompassed by the contract. We do not have any material significant payment terms as payment is generally due within 30 days after the performance obligation has been satisfactorily completed. The Company has elected the practical expedient to recognize the incremental costs of obtaining a contract as an expense when incurred if the amortization period of the asset that we otherwise would have recognized is one year or less. In applying the guidance in Topic 606, there were no judgments or estimates made that the Company deems significant.

Contract Balances — Contract assets primarily relate to the Company’s rights to consideration for work completed in relation to its services performed but not billed at the reporting date. Contract liabilities primarily consist of advance payments of performance obligations yet to be fully satisfied in the period reported. Our contract liabilities and contract assets are reported in a net position at the end of each reporting period.

We disaggregate our revenue from contracts with customers by major lines of business for each of our segments, as we believe it best depicts how the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of our revenue and cash flows are affected by economic factors.




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The following table disaggregates our revenue by major lines:
For the First Quarter Ended,
March 27, 2021March 21, 2020
Total Net Sales by Major Lines of Business (thousands)
Environmental ServicesOil BusinessTotalEnvironmental ServicesOil BusinessTotal
Parts cleaning, containerized waste, & related products/services$38,833 $$38,833 $40,290 $$40,290 
Vacuum Services & Wastewater Treatment13,692 13,692 14,618 14,618 
Field Services4,096 4,096 9,623 9,623 
Antifreeze Business6,988 6,988 6,677 6,677 
Environmental Services - Other441 441 480 480 
Re-refinery Product Sales30,054 30,054 25,436 25,436 
Oil Collection Services & RFO4,617 4,617 3,289 3,289 
Oil Filter Business1,245 1,245 1,066 1,066 
Revenues from Contracts with Customers64,050 35,916 99,966 71,688 29,791 101,479 
Rental income5,407 5,416 5,765 20 5,785 
Total Revenues$69,457 $35,925 $105,382 $77,453 $29,811 $107,264 


The following table provides information about contract assets and contract liabilities from contracts with customers:
(thousands)March 27, 2021January 2, 2021
Contract assets$80 $72 
Contract liabilities2,315 2,054 
Contract liabilities - net$2,235 $1,982 

During the fiscal quarter ended March 27, 2021, the Company recognized $2.1 million of revenue that was included in the contract liabilities balance as of January 2, 2021. The Company has no assets recognized from costs to obtain or fulfill a contract with a customer. We do not disclose the value of unsatisfied performance obligations for contracts with an original expected length of one year or less.


(5)    ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE

Accounts Receivable — Net, includes amounts billed to and currently due from customers. The amounts due are stated at their net estimated realizable value. The allowance for doubtful accounts is our best estimate of the amount of probable lifetime-expected credit losses in existing accounts receivable and is determined based on our historical collections experience, age of the receivable, knowledge of the customer and the condition of the general economy and industry as a whole. The Company does not have any off-balance-sheet credit exposure related to its customers.

    Accounts receivable for the first quarter ended March 27, 2021, and the fiscal year ended January 2, 2021 consisted of the following:
(thousands)March 27,
2021
January 2,
2021
Trade$52,396 $47,191 
Less: allowance for uncollectible accounts2,553 2,502 
Trade - net49,843 44,689 
Related parties2,771 3,276 
Other514 
Total accounts receivable - net$52,614 $48,479 

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The following table provides the changes in the Company’s allowance for uncollectible accounts for the first quarter ended March 27, 2021, and the fiscal year ended January 2, 2021:
(thousands)March 27,
2021
January 2,
2021
Balance at beginning of period$2,502 $2,221 
Provision for uncollectible accounts474 1,919 
Accounts written off, net of recoveries(423)(1,638)
Balance at end of period$2,553 $2,502 

(6)    INVENTORY

The carrying value of inventory consisted of the following:
 (thousands)March 27,
2021
January 2,
2021
Solvents and solutions$6,740 $6,672 
Used oil and processed oil7,500 6,345 
Machines5,364 5,704 
Drums and supplies4,269 4,423 
Other2,012 2,221 
Total inventory25,885 25,365 
Less: machine refurbishing reserve355 387 
Total inventory - net$25,530 $24,978 
 
Inventory consists primarily of used oil, processed oil, solvents and solutions, new and refurbished parts cleaning machines, drums and supplies, and other items. Inventories are valued at the lower of first-in, first-out (FIFO) cost or net realizable value, net of any reserves for excess, obsolete, or unsalable inventory. The Company continually monitors its inventory levels at each of its locations and evaluates inventories for excess or slow-moving items. If circumstances indicate the cost of inventories exceed their recoverable value, inventories are reduced to net realizable value. The Company had 0 inventory write downs during the first quarter of fiscal 2021 or fiscal 2020.

(7)   PROPERTY, PLANT, AND EQUIPMENT

Property, plant, and equipment consisted of the following:
 (thousands)March 27,
2021
January 2,
2021
Machinery, vehicles, and equipment$139,642 $138,496 
Buildings and storage tanks72,939 72,938 
Land5,911 5,909 
Leasehold improvements6,930 6,929 
Construction in progress9,775 8,023 
Total property, plant and equipment235,197 232,295 
Less: accumulated depreciation80,450 79,279 
Property, plant and equipment - net$154,747 $153,016 
 (thousands)March 27,
2021
January 2,
2021
Equipment at customers$83,091 $81,881 
Less: accumulated depreciation59,161 58,770 
Equipment at customers - net$23,930 $23,111 

    Depreciation expense for the first quarter ended March 27, 2021 and March 21, 2020 was $2.5 million and $4.4 million, respectively.
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(8) GOODWILL AND OTHER INTANGIBLE ASSETS

Goodwill is measured as a residual amount as of the acquisition date, which in most cases results in measuring goodwill as an excess of the purchase consideration transferred plus the fair value of any noncontrolling interest in the acquiree over the fair value of the net assets acquired, including any contingent consideration. The Company tests goodwill for impairment annually in the fourth quarter and in interim periods if an event occurs or circumstances change that would more likely than not reduce the fair value of a reporting unit below its carrying amount. The Company's determination of fair value requires certain assumptions and estimates, such as margin expectations, market conditions, growth expectations, expected changes in working capital, etc., regarding expected future profitability and expected future cash flows. The Company tests goodwill for impairment at each of its 2 reporting units, Environmental Services and Oil Business.

The following table shows changes to our goodwill balances by segment from January 2, 2021 to March 27, 2021:
(thousands)Oil BusinessEnvironmental ServicesTotal
Goodwill at January 2, 2021
    Gross carrying amount$3,952 $35,541 $39,493 
    Accumulated impairment loss(3,952)(3,952)
Net book value at January 2, 2021$$35,541 $35,541 
Goodwill at March 27, 2021
     Gross carrying amount$3,952 35,541 $39,493 
     Accumulated impairment loss(3,952)(3,952)
Net book value at March 27, 2021$$35,541 $35,541 


The following is a summary of software and other intangible assets:
March 27, 2021January 2, 2021
(thousands)Gross Carrying AmountAccumulated AmortizationNet Carrying AmountGross Carrying AmountAccumulated AmortizationNet Carrying Amount
Customer & supplier relationships$30,860 $18,068 $12,792 $30,857 $16,934 $13,923 
Software9,739 5,718 4,021 9,592 5,645 3,947 
Non-compete agreements3,609 3,240 369 3,607 3,212 395 
Patents, formulae, and licenses1,769 856 913 1,769 850 919 
Other1,738 1,349 389 1,738 1,346 392 
Total software and intangible assets - net$47,715 $29,231 $18,484 $47,563 $27,987 $19,576 

Amortization expense was $1.2 million for the first quarter ended March 27, 2021, and $0.9 million for the first quarter ended March 21, 2020.

The weighted average useful lives of software and other intangibles are as follows:
Weighted Average Useful Life (years)
Patents, formulae, & licenses15
Customer and supplier relationships10
Software9
Non-compete agreements4
Other intangibles7

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    The estimated amortization expense for the remainder of fiscal 2021 and each of the five succeeding fiscal years is as follows:
(millions)
Fiscal YearAmortization Expense
2021$3.7
20224.3
20233.8
20242.1
20251.1
20260.5

The preceding expected amortization expense is an estimate. Actual amounts of amortization expense may differ from estimated amounts due to additional intangible asset acquisitions, the finalization of the fair value of intangible assets that have been acquired from business combinations, disposal of intangible assets, accelerated amortization of intangible assets, and other events.

(9)   ACCOUNTS PAYABLE

Accounts payable consisted of the following:
(thousands)March 27,
2021
January 2,
2021
Accounts payable$30,705 $29,263 
Accounts payable - related parties312 400 
Total accounts payable$31,017 $29,663 




(10)   DEBT AND FINANCING ARRANGEMENTS
Bank Credit Facility

On March 18, 2021, Heritage-Crystal Clean, LLC, (the “Company”), entered into an Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (the "Agreement"), by and among the Company, its parent, Heritage-Crystal Clean, Inc., and the Company’s subsidiaries identified therein and Bank of America, N.A., as administrative agent, JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., and Wells Fargo Bank, National Association. The Agreement replaces the Company's previous Credit Agreement dated as of February 21, 2017. During the first quarter the Company paid down its previous term loan, in full, of $30.0 million. The new Agreement provides for borrowings of up to $100.0 million, in the form of a revolving facility, of which $15 million can be used in the form of a Swing Line loan.

Loans made under the Agreement, as amended, may be Base Rate Loans or LIBOR Rate Loans, at the election of the Borrower subject to certain exceptions. Base Rate Loans have an interest rate equal to (i) the higher of (a) the federal funds rate plus 0.5%, (b) the London Interbank Offering Rate (“LIBOR”) plus 1%, or (c) Bank of America's prime rate, plus (ii) a variable margin of between 0.50% and 1.25% depending on the Company's total leverage ratio, calculated on a consolidated basis. LIBOR rate loans have an interest rate equal to (i) the LIBOR rate plus (ii) a variable margin of between 1.50% and 2.25% depending on the Company's total leverage ratio. Amounts borrowed under the Agreement are secured by a security interest in substantially all of the Company's tangible and intangible assets. The Company incurred $0.8 million of debt issuance costs related to the amended credit agreement.

As of the Effective date of March 18, 2021, the effective rate on our term loan was 1.90%.

The Credit Agreement contains customary terms and provisions (including representations, covenants, and conditions) for transactions of this type. Certain covenants, among other things, restrict the Company's and its subsidiaries' ability to incur indebtedness, grant liens, make investments and sell assets. The Credit Agreement also contains customary events of default, covenants and representations and warranties. Financial covenants include:
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An interest coverage ratio (based on interest expense and EBITDA) of at least 3.5 to 1.0;

A total leverage ratio no greater than 3.0 to 1.0, provided that in the event of a permitted acquisition having an aggregate consideration equal to $10.0 million or more, at the Borrower’s election, the foregoing 3.00 to 1.00 shall be deemed to be 3.50 to 1.00 for the fiscal quarter in which such permitted acquisition occurs and the three immediately following fiscal quarters and will thereafter revert to 3.00 to 1.00.

The Credit Agreement places certain limitations on acquisitions and the payment of dividends.
On July 27, 2017, the Financial Conduct Authority, which regulates LIBOR, announced that it intends to phase out the London Interbank Offered Rate by the end of 2021. We expect that widespread use of LIBOR will transition to alternative interest rates in the near future. Since loans made under our Credit Agreement may be LIBOR based loans, the phasing out of LIBOR may adversely affect interest rates that could result in higher borrowing costs and higher interest expense. The Company is currently evaluating its options under our Credit Agreement, but at this time we cannot reasonably estimate the impact to our financial statements.

Debt at March 27, 2021 and January 2, 2021 consisted of the following:
(thousands)March 27, 2021January 2, 2021
Principal amount$$30,000 
Less: unamortized debt issuance costs344 
Long-term debt, less current maturities$$29,656 

For the first quarter ended March 27, 2021, the Company recorded interest expense of $0.3 million with respect to our term loan and credit line, and related amortization of debt issuance costs. For the first quarter ended March 21, 2020, the Company recorded interest expense of $0.4 million of which $0.3 million was with respect to our term loan, and $0.1 million related to amortization of debt issuance costs.

The Company's weighted average interest rate for all debt through the first fiscal quarters of 2021, and 2020, was 2.04% and 3.7%, respectively.


As of March 27, 2021 and January 2, 2021, the Company was in compliance with all covenants under its Credit Agreement. As of March 27, 2021 and January 2, 2021, the Company, had $3.9 million, for both periods of standby letters of credit issued, and $96.1 million and $61.0 million was available for borrowing under the bank credit facility, respectively.

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(11)   SEGMENT INFORMATION

The Company has 2 reportable segments: "Environmental Services" and "Oil Business." The Environmental Services segment consists primarily of the Company's parts cleaning, containerized waste management, wastewater and vacuum service, antifreeze recycling activities, and field services. The Oil Business segment consists primarily of the Company's used oil collection, used oil re-refining activities, and the dehydration of used oil to be sold as recycled fuel oil.

No single customer in either segment accounted for more than 10.0% of consolidated revenues in any of the periods presented. There were no intersegment revenues. Both the Environmental Services and Oil Business segments operate in the United States and, to an immaterial degree, in Ontario, Canada. As such, the Company is not disclosing operating results by geographic segment.

Segment results for the first quarters ended March 27, 2021, and March 21, 2020 were as follows:
First Quarter Ended,
March 27, 2021
(thousands)

Environmental
Services
Oil BusinessCorporate and
Eliminations
Consolidated
Revenues
Service revenues$53,303 $4,397 $$57,700 
Product revenues10,747 31,519 42,266 
Rental income5,407 5,416 
Total revenues$69,457 $35,925 $$105,382 
Operating expenses
Operating costs51,88024,89176,771
Operating depreciation and amortization1,5799482,527
Profit before corporate selling, general, and administrative expenses$15,998 $10,086 $$26,084 
Selling, general, and administrative expenses12,18812,188
Depreciation and amortization from SG&A1,2551,255
Total selling, general, and administrative expenses$13,443 $13,443 
Other (income) - net(108)(108)
Operating income12,749
Interest expense – net324324
Income before income taxes$12,425 










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First Quarter Ended,
March 21, 2020
(thousands)

Environmental
Services
Oil BusinessCorporate and
Eliminations
Consolidated
Revenues
Service revenues$60,960 $2,797 $$63,757 
Product revenues10,728 26,994 37,722 
Rental income5,765 20 5,785 
Total revenues$77,453 $29,811 $$107,264 
Operating expenses
Operating costs56,40426,84683,250
Operating depreciation and amortization2,2712,0554,326
Profit before corporate selling, general, and administrative expenses$18,778 $910 $$19,688 
Selling, general, and administrative expenses11,52211,522
Depreciation and amortization from SG&A942942
Total selling, general, and administrative expenses$12,464 $12,464 
Other expense - net272 272
Operating income6,952
Interest expense – net214214
Income before income taxes$6,738 

Total assets by segment as of March 27, 2021 and January 2, 2021 were as follows:

(thousands)March 27, 2021January 2, 2021
Total Assets:
Environmental Services$218,214 $217,297 
Oil Business165,066 160,165 
Unallocated Corporate Assets59,021 84,207 
Total$442,301 $461,669 

Segment assets for the Environmental Services and Oil Business segments consist of property, plant, and equipment, right-of-use assets, intangible assets, accounts receivable, goodwill, and inventories. Assets for the corporate unallocated amounts consist of property, plant, and equipment used at the corporate headquarters as well as cash and net deferred tax assets.

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(12)    COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

LEASES

Lessee

The Company leases buildings and property, railcars, machinery and equipment, and various types of vehicles for use in our operations. Each arrangement is evaluated individually to determine if the arrangement is or contains a lease at inception. The Company has lease agreements with lease and non-lease components and we have elected to not separate lease and non-lease components for all classes of underlying assets. In addition, our lease agreements do not contain any material residual guarantees or restrictive covenants.

Leases may include variable lease payments for common area maintenance, real estate taxes, and truck lease mileage. No leases are tied to a market index rate or CPI. Variable lease payments are not included in the initial measurement of the right-of-use assets or lease liabilities, and are recorded as lease expense in the period incurred. Options to extend or terminate a lease are included in the lease term when it is reasonably certain that we will exercise that option. We have elected not to record leases with an initial term of 12 months or less on the balance sheet and instead recognize those lease payments on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Leases with initial terms in excess of 12 months are recorded as either operating or financing leases in our Consolidated Balance Sheet.

Right-of-use assets represent the Company's right to use an underlying asset during the lease term and lease liabilities represent the Company's obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease. Our lease right-of-use assets are measured at the initial measurement of the lease liability, adjusted for any lease payments made prior to the lease commencement date, less any lease incentives received and other initial direct costs incurred. Our lease liabilities are recognized based on the present value of the future minimum lease payments over the lease term at commencement date. As most of our leases do not provide an implicit rate, we use an incremental borrowing rate based on the information available at commencement date, including lease term, in determining the present value of future payments.

Our leases have remaining terms ranging from less than one month to approximately 11 years and may include options to extend or terminate the lease when it is reasonably certain that the option will be exercised. Lease expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Our finance leases include a fleet of mobile equipment.




























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The components of lease expense were as follows:
For the First Quarter Ended
(thousands)March 27,
2021
March 21,
2020
Finance lease cost:
    Amortization of right-of-use assets$578 $322 
    Interest on lease liabilities112 74 
Total finance lease cost$690 $396 
Operating lease cost$5,405 $6,051 
Short-term lease cost995 1,360 
Variable lease cost702 1,033 
Total lease cost$7,102 $8,444 
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities:
    Operating cash flows from financing leases$112 $66 
    Operating cash flows from operating leases$5,760 $6,523 
    Financing cash flows from financing leases$436 $210 
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for new finance lease liabilities$250 $3,264 
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for new operating lease liabilities$1,820 $588 
Weighted-average remaining lease term (years)
    Finance leases5.96.6
    Operating leases4.44.9
Weighted-average discount rate
    Finance leases3.2 %3.4 %
    Operating leases5.6 %5.8 %


Future annual minimum lease payment commitments as of March 27, 2021 were as follows:
(thousands)
Year 1$22,826 
Year 219,275 
Year 315,078 
Year 410,827 
Year 57,325 
 thereafter11,308 
Total minimum lease payments$86,639 
Less: imputed interest10,067 
Lease liability$76,572 

Lessor

The Company is a lessor of portions of a buildings and property, railcars, and equipment such as embedded leases of parts cleaning machines. Each of the Company’s leases is classified as an operating lease, and the vast majority are short-term leases. Variable lease payments include real and personal property taxes, which are based on the lessee’s pro rata portion of such amounts, and excess mileage charges which are computed as the actual miles traveled in a calendar year minus the maximum average mileage allowance as specified per the contract. Options to extend the lease beyond the original terms range from day-
20


to-day renewals to increments of five-year extensions. Options to terminate the lease range from immediate termination upon return of the asset to various written notification periods following a minimum lease term. Options for a lessee to purchase the underlying asset are not contractually specified but may be negotiated on a case-by-case basis. Significant judgments made in determining whether a contract contains a lease include assessments as to whether or not the contract conveys the right to direct the use of an identified asset. Significant judgments made in allocating consideration between lease and non-lease components include techniques applied in estimating the relative stand-alone selling prices of the lease and non-lease components of the contract in cases where a stand-alone selling price is not directly observable. No leased assets are covered by residual value guarantees. The Company manages the risk associated with the residual value of leased assets through such means as performing periodic maintenance and upkeep activities and the inclusion of contractual terms that hold the lessee responsible for damage incurred to leased assets. Contained in Note 7, “Property, plant, and equipment,” are disclosures concerning the Company’s underlying assets under operating leases. The Company has made an accounting policy election to exclude from the consideration in the contract, and from variable payments not included in the consideration in the contract, all taxes assessed by a governmental authority that are both imposed on and concurrent with a specific lease revenue-producing transaction and collected by the lessor from a lessee.

The Company recognizes rental income on a straight-line basis for that portion of the consideration allocated to the embedded lease component of certain of our parts cleaning contracts. We also recognize rental income on certain subleases of railcars and portions of buildings and property.

Rental income was as follows:
First Quarter Ended,
March 27, 2021March 21, 2020
(thousands)Environmental ServicesOil BusinessTotalEnvironmental ServicesOil BusinessTotal
Parts Cleaning$5,407 $$5,407 $5,765 $$5,765 
Railcars16 16 
Property
Total rental income$5,407 $$5,416 $5,765 $20 $5,785 


Purchase Obligations

The Company may enter into purchase obligations with certain vendors. They represent expected payments to third party service providers and other commitments entered into during the normal course of our business. These purchase obligations are generally cancellable with or without notice, without penalty, although certain vendor agreements provide for cancellation fees or penalties depending on the terms of the contract.

The Company has purchase obligations in the form of open purchase orders of $16.5 million as of March 27, 2021, and $20.0 million as of January 2, 2021, primarily for used oil, solvent, machine purchases, disposal and transportation expenses, and capital expenditures.

The Company may be subject to investigations, claims or lawsuits as a result of operating its business, including matters governed by environmental laws and regulations. The Company may also be subject to tax audits in a variety of jurisdictions. When claims are asserted, the Company evaluates the likelihood that a loss will occur and records a liability for those instances when the likelihood is deemed probable and the exposure is reasonably estimable. The Company carries insurance at levels it believes are adequate to cover loss contingencies based on historical claims activity. When the potential loss exposure is limited to the insurance deductible and the likelihood of loss is determined to be probable, the Company accrues for the amount of the required deductible, unless a lower amount of exposure is estimated. As of March 27, 2021 and January 2, 2021, the Company had accrued $3.2 million and $3.9 million related to loss contingencies and other contingent liabilities, respectively.


(13)    INCOME TAXES

The Company deducted for federal income tax purposes accelerated "bonus" depreciation on the majority of its capital expenditures for assets placed in service in fiscal 2011 through the first quarter of 2021. Therefore, the Company recorded a noncurrent deferred tax liability as to the difference between the book basis and the tax basis of those assets. As of the first quarter of fiscal 2021, the Company's remaining Federal Net Operating Loss ("NOL") was $14.4 million, which will begin to
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expire in 2034. There are also state NOLs of varying amounts, dependent on each state’s conformity with bonus depreciation. The remaining deferred tax asset related to the Company's state and federal NOLs was a tax effected balance of $3.6 million.

In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes. ASU 2019-12 intends to simplify various aspects related to accounting for income taxes. ASU 2019-12 removes certain exceptions to the general principles in Topic 740 and also clarifies and amends existing guidance to improve consistent application of Topic 740. This guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020, including interim periods therein. The adoption of ASU 2019-12 does not have a material effect on the Company’s financial statements.

The Company's effective tax rate for the first quarter of fiscal 2021 was 25.9% compared to 21.5% in the first quarter of fiscal 2020. The rate increase is principally attributable to the opposing effect of non-deductible expenses in a projected loss year as compared to a projected income year.

The Company establishes reserves when it is more likely than not that the Company will not realize the full tax benefit of a position. The Company had a reserve of $2.8 million for uncertain tax positions as of March 27, 2021. The gross unrecognized tax benefits would, if recognized, decrease the Company's effective tax rate.

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(14)    SHARE-BASED COMPENSATION

 Restricted Stock Compensation/Awards

Annually, the Company grants restricted shares to its Board of Directors. The shares become fully vested one year from their grant date. The fair value of each restricted stock grant is based on the closing price of the Company's common stock on the date of grant. The Company amortizes the expense over the service period, which is the fiscal year in which the award is granted. In addition, the Company may grant restricted shares to certain members of management based on their services and contingent upon continued service with the Company. The restricted shares vest over a period of approximately three years from the grant date. The fair value of each restricted stock grant is based on the closing price of the Company's common stock on the date of grant.

The following table shows a summary of restricted share grants and expense resulting from the awards:
    
Compensation Expense
(thousands, except share amounts)First Quarters Ended,Unrecognized Expense as of,
Recipient of GrantGrant DateRestricted SharesMarch 27, 2021March 21, 2020March 27, 2021March 21, 2020
Chief Executive OfficerFebruary, 2017500,000$$89 $$296 
Members of ManagementFebruary, 2018116,958142 472 
Special Incentive GrantApril, 2018350,000298 344 1,354 3,084 
Members of ManagementMay, 201923,56059 50 203 408 
Members of ManagementFebruary, 202041,13838 165 355 705 
Board of DirectorsApril, 202014,98866 219 
Chief Executive OfficerFebruary, 2021500,000394 5,923 
Members of ManagementFebruary, 202135,89822 184 635 

On January 8, 2021, the Company and Mr. Brian Recatto entered into an amended Executive Employment Agreement (the “Amended Agreement”) which was effective on February 1, 2021. Pursuant to the Amended Agreement, we replaced in its entirety section 4.3 of the First Amendment to the Executive Employment Agreement relating to equity compensation that was effective February 1, 2017. As of February 1, 2021, Mr. Recatto received a one-time award of 500,000 shares of restricted stock, subject to the achievement of performance criteria established by the Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors pursuant to the Company's 2019 Incentive Plan.

The award date for such Performance-Based Restricted Stock was on February 1, 2021. Such award was granted pursuant to and governed by the terms of the 2019 Incentive Plan and an award agreement in a form provided by the Company. The Performance-Based Restricted Stock one-time award of 500,000 shares received on February 1, 2021, shall vest on January 31, 2025 if Mr. Recatto is employed by the Company on that date, in an amount determined by applying the applicable percentages from the chart below, with the common stock price increases to be determined based on the increase in the price of the Company’s common stock (if any) from the closing price of the common stock as reported by Nasdaq on the amended agreement commencement date ($21.77) and the common stock price on the potential vesting date (determined by using the weighted average closing price of a share of the Company's common stock for the 90-day period ending on the vesting date). If the stock price does not increase by $5.00, then 0 shares shall vest.

During the first quarter of fiscal 2021, the Company recorded approximately $0.4 million of compensation expense related to this award. In the future, the Company expects to recognize compensation expense of approximately $5.9 million over the remaining requisite service period, which ends January 31, 2025. The fair value of this restricted stock award as of the grant date was estimated using a Monte Carlo simulation model. Key assumptions used in the Monte Carlo simulation to estimate the grant date fair value of this award are a risk-free rate of 0.29%, expected dividend yield of 0, and an expected volatility assumption of 53.07%.


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Vesting Table
Increase in Stock Price From the Amended Agreement Commencement Date to the Vesting DateTotal Percentage of Restricted Stock
Shares to Be Vested
Less than $5 per share increase0%
$5 per share increase25% (vest in 125,000 shares)
$10 per share increase50% (vest in 125,000 shares)
$15 per share increase75% (vest in 125,000 shares)
$20 or more per share increase100% (vest in 125,000 shares)


Provision for possible accelerated vesting of award

If the average closing price of the Company's common stock increases by the marginal levels set forth in the above vesting table for any consecutive 180 day period between the award date and final vesting date, Mr. Recatto shall become vested in 50% of the corresponding total percentage of restricted shares earned on the last day of the 180 day period.

In addition, on each of December 31, 2021, December 31, 2022, and December 31, 2023, to the extent Mr. Recatto remains employed by the Company under the Amended Agreement on such date, Mr. Recatto shall receive a grant of restricted stock as of such date valued at Five Hundred Thousand Dollars ($500,000), with the number of shares of restricted stock constituting such grant determined by applying the average closing price for a share of the Company’s common stock for the 90-day period ending on such date. Such awards of Time-Based Restricted Stock shall be granted pursuant to and governed by the terms of the 2019 Incentive Plan and an award agreement in a form provided by the Company. The Time-Based Restricted Stock shall vest only if Mr. Recatto remains employed by the Company under the Amended Agreement through December 31, 2023; provided, that, upon a Change of Control of the Company (as such term is defined in the Amended Agreement), all shares of the Time-Based Restricted Stock awarded up through the date of closing of the Change in Control shall become vested, and no further award of Time-Based Restricted Stock shall be awarded. During the first quarter of fiscal 2021, the Company recorded approximately $0.1 million of compensation expense related to this award.

The following table summarizes the restricted stock activity for the first quarter ended March 27, 2021:
Restricted Stock (Nonvested Shares)Number of SharesWeighted Average Grant-Date Fair Value Per Share
Nonvested shares outstanding at January 2, 2021646,634 $18.28 
Granted535,898 22.02 
Vested(35,497)15.00 
Forfeited(340,754)15.05 
Nonvested shares outstanding at March 27, 2021806,281 $22.28 

Employee Stock Purchase Plan

As of March 27, 2021, the Company had reserved 73,562 shares of common stock available for purchase under the Employee Stock Purchase Plan. In the first quarter of fiscal 2021, employees purchased 6,072 shares of the Company’s common stock with a weighted average fair market value of $21.11 per share.

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(15)  EARNINGS PER SHARE

The following table reconciles the number of shares outstanding for the first quarters of fiscal 2021 and 2020, respectively, to the number of weighted average basic shares outstanding and the number of weighted average diluted shares outstanding for the purposes of calculating basic and diluted earnings per share:
 First Quarter Ended,
 (thousands, except per share amounts)March 27, 2021March 21, 2020
Net income$9,206 $5,291 
Weighted average basic shares outstanding23,373 23,239 
Dilutive shares for share–based compensation plans136 183 
Weighted average diluted shares outstanding23,509 23,422 
Net income per share: basic$0.39 $0.23 
Net income per share: diluted$0.39 $0.23 


(16)  OTHER (INCOME) EXPENSE - NET

Other (income) expense - net was $0.1 million of income for the first quarter of fiscal 2021, compared to a net $0.3 million of expense in the first quarter of 2020.






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ITEM 2.  MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Disclosure Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

    You should read the following discussion in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and related notes in our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 2, 2021. In addition to historical information, this discussion contains forward-looking statements that involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions that could cause actual results to differ materially from our expectations. These statements can be identified by the fact that they do not relate strictly to historical or current facts. They use words such as "aim," "anticipate," "believe," "could," "estimate," "expect," "intend," "may," "plan," "project," "should," "will be," "will continue," "will likely result," "would" and other words and terms of similar meaning in conjunction with a discussion of future or estimated operating or financial performance. You should read statements that contain these words carefully, because they discuss our future expectations, contain projections of our future results of operations or of our financial position or state other “forward-looking” information. Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this quarterly report. Factors that could cause such differences include those described in the section titled “Risk Factors” and elsewhere in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for fiscal 2020 filed with the SEC on March 2, 2021. Except as required under federal securities laws and the rules and regulations of the SEC, we do not have any intention, and do not undertake, to update any forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances arising after the date of this quarterly report, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. As a result of these risks and uncertainties, readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on the forward-looking statements included in this quarterly report or that may be made elsewhere from time to time by, or on behalf of, us. All forward-looking statements attributable to us are expressly qualified by these cautionary statements. Certain tabular information may not foot due to rounding. Our fiscal year ends on the Saturday closest to December 31. Interim results are presented for the twelve weeks ("first quarter" or "quarter") ended March 27, 2021 and March 21, 2020, respectively. "Fiscal 2020" represents the 53-week period ended January 2, 2021 and "Fiscal 2021" represents the 52-week period beginning January 3, 2021, and ending on January 1, 2022.

Overview

We provide parts cleaning, containerized waste management, used oil collection, wastewater and vacuum, antifreeze recycling, and field services primarily to small and medium sized industrial customers as well as vehicle maintenance customers. We own and operate a used oil re-refinery, several wastewater treatment plants and multiple antifreeze recycling facilities. We believe we are the second largest provider of industrial and hazardous waste services to small and mid-sized customers in both the vehicle maintenance and industrial services sector in North America, and we have the second largest used oil re-refining capacity in North America. Our services help our customers manage their used chemicals and liquid and solid wastes while also helping to minimize their regulatory burdens. We operate from a network of 89 branch facilities providing services to customers in 45 states and parts of Canada. We conduct business through two segments: Environmental Services and Oil Business.

Our Environmental Services segment revenues are generated primarily from providing parts cleaning, containerized waste management, wastewater and vacuum, antifreeze recycling, and field services. Revenues from this segment accounted for approximately 66% of our total Company revenues for the first quarter of fiscal 2021. In the Environmental Services segment, we define and measure same-branch revenues for a given period as the subset of all our branches that have been open and operating throughout and between the periods being compared, and we refer to these as established branches. We calculate average revenues per working day by dividing our revenues by the number of non-holiday weekdays in the applicable fiscal year or fiscal quarter.

Our Oil Business segment consists primarily of our used oil collection, used oil re-refining activities, and recycled fuel oil ("RFO") sales which together accounted for approximately 34% of our total Company revenues in the first quarter of fiscal 2021.

    Our operating costs include the costs of obtaining the materials we use in our products and services, such as used oil collected from customers or purchased from third party collectors, solvent, and other chemicals. The used solvent that we retrieve from customers in our product reuse program is accounted for as a reduction in our net cost of solvent under operating costs, whether placed in inventory or sold to a purchaser for reuse. Changes in the price of crude oil can impact operating costs indirectly as it may impact the price we pay for solvent or used oil, although we attempt to offset volatility in the oil markets by managing the spread between the costs we incur to obtain our materials and the prices we charge for our products and services. Operating costs also include transportation of solvents and waste, payments to third parties to recycle or dispose of the waste materials that we collect, and the costs of operating our re-refinery, recycling centers, wastewater treatment facilities, hubs, and
26


branch system including personnel costs (including commissions), facility rent, truck leases, fuel, and maintenance. Our operating costs as a percentage of revenues generally increase in relation to the number of new branch openings. As new branches achieve route density and scale efficiencies, our operating costs as a percentage of revenues generally decrease.

We use profit before corporate selling, general, and administrative expenses ("SG&A") as a key measure of segment profitability. We define profit before corporate SG&A expense as revenue less operating costs and depreciation and amortization from operations.

    Our corporate selling, general, and administrative expenses include the costs of performing centralized business functions, including sales management at or above the regional level, business management and marketing, billing, receivables management, accounting and finance, procurement, real estate management, information technology, environmental health and safety, human resources and legal.

We operate a used oil re-refinery located in Indianapolis, Indiana, through which we recycle used oil into high quality lubricant base oil and other products. We supply the base oil to firms that produce and market finished lubricants. Our re-refinery has an annual nameplate capacity of approximately 75 million gallons of used oil feedstock, allowing it to produce approximately 49 million gallons of lubricating base oil per year when operating at full capacity.

    
Critical Accounting Policies

Critical accounting policies are those that are both important to the accurate portrayal of a company’s financial condition and results and require subjective or complex judgments, often as a result of the need to make estimates about the effect of matters that are inherently uncertain.

In order to prepare financial statements that conform to accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, commonly referred to as GAAP, we make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in our financial statements and accompanying notes. Certain estimates are particularly sensitive due to their significance to the financial statements and the possibility that future events may be significantly different from our expectations.

There were no material changes during the first quarter of fiscal 2021 to the information provided under the heading "Critical Accounting Policies" included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 2, 2021.

Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Our Business

The COVID-19 pandemic has caused significant disruption and volatility on a global scale resulting in, among other things, an economic slowdown. In response to the COVID-19 outbreak, national and local governments around the world have instituted certain measures, including travel bans, prohibitions on group events and gatherings, shutdowns of certain businesses, curfews, shelter-in-place orders and recommendations to practice social distancing. As our operations have been deemed essential, we have taken several measures to combat the COVID-19 downturn which have resulted in attenuating activity and, in some cases, required temporary closures of certain of our facilities. In addition, we have taken steps to minimize the negative impact of the COVID-19 pandemic through-out our business and to protect the safety of our employees and customers. The duration of these measures is unknown and may be extended, and additional measures may be necessary.

The ultimate impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows is highly uncertain and cannot be accurately predicted and is dependent on future developments, including the duration of the pandemic and the related length of its impact on the global economy, and any new information that may emerge concerning the COVID-19 outbreak and the actions to contain it or treat its impact. The continued impact on our business as a result of COVID-19 pandemic could result in a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, financial condition, prospects and the trading prices of our securities in the near-term and through-out 2021.










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RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

General

    The following table sets forth certain operating data as a percentage of revenues for the periods indicated:
For the First Quarter Ended,
(thousands)March 27,
2021
March 21,
2020
Revenues
Service revenues$57,700 54.8 %$63,757 59.4 %
Product revenues42,266 40.1 %37,722 35.2 %
Rental income5,416 5.1 %5,785 5.4 %
Total revenues$105,382 100.0 %$107,264 100.0 %
Operating expenses
Operating costs$76,771 72.9 %$83,250 77.6 %
Selling, general, and administrative expenses12,188 11.6 %11,522 10.7 %
Depreciation and amortization3,782 3.6 %5,268 4.9 %
Other (income) expense - net(108)(0.1)%272 0.3 %
Operating income12,749 12.1 %6,952 6.5 %
Interest expense – net324 0.3 %214 0.2 %
Income before income taxes12,425 11.8 %6,738 6.3 %
Provision for income taxes3,219 3.1 %1,447 1.3 %
Net income$9,206 8.7 %$5,291 4.9 %

Revenues

Revenue for the first quarter of 2021 was $105.4 million compared to $107.3 million for the same quarter of 2020, a decrease of $1.9 million, or 1.8.%. The $1.9 million decrease in revenue was mainly driven by a large field services project that occurred during the first quarter of 2020, but did not reoccur during the first quarter of fiscal 2021, along with volume declines in most of our Environmental Services segment lines of business due to the negative effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, partially offset by 21% revenue growth in the Oil Business segment.

Operating costs

    Operating costs decreased $6.5 million, or 7.7%, during the first quarter of 2021 compared to the first quarter of fiscal 2020 mainly due to lower field services related disposal costs, and lower fleet repair costs, partially offset by higher disposal expense in our containerized waste and vacuum services businesses health and welfare costs.

We expect that in the future our operating costs in both the Environmental Services and Oil Business segments may increase or decrease depending on our product and service volumes, changes in commodity pricing, along with other factors.
Selling, general, and administrative expenses

    Selling, general, and administrative expenses increased $0.7 million, or 5.9%, from the first quarter of fiscal 2021 to the first quarter of fiscal 2020 mainly driven by higher bad debt expense and bank fees.

Other (income) expense - net

Other (income) expense - net was $0.1 million of income for the first quarter of fiscal 2021, compared to a net $0.3 million of expense in the first quarter of 2020.

Interest expense - net
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Interest expense - net for the first quarter of fiscal 2021 and fiscal 2020 was $0.3 million and $0.2 million, respectively.

Provision for income taxes

The Company's effective income tax rate for the first quarter of fiscal 2021 was 25.9% compared to 21.5% in the first quarter of fiscal 2020. The rate increase is principally attributable to the opposing effect of non-deductible expenses in a projected loss year as compared to a projected income year.

Segment Information

The following table presents revenues by reportable segment:
For the First Quarter Ended,Change
(thousands)March 27, 2021March 21, 2020$%
Revenues:
Environmental Services$69,457 $77,453 $(7,996)(10.3)%
Oil Business35,925 29,811 6,114 20.5 %
Total$105,382 $107,264 $(1,882)(1.8)%

In the first quarter of fiscal 2021, Environmental Services revenue was $69.5 million compared to $77.5 million during the first quarter of fiscal 2020. The 10.3% decrease in revenue was mainly due to lingering impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic as well as a large field services project which occurred during the first quarter of 2020, but did not reoccur during the first quarter of fiscal 2021. In addition, we saw volume declines in our parts cleaning and vacuum services lines of business that were partially offset by gains in our antifreeze and containerized waste lines compared to the first quarter of 2020.

During the first quarter of fiscal 2021, Oil Business revenues were a first quarter record of $35.9 million, an increase of $6.1 million, or 20.5%, compared to $29.8 million in the first quarter of fiscal 2020. The increase in revenue was mainly due to an 11% increase in gallons sold and an increase in our selling price for base oil.

Segment Profit Before Corporate Selling, General and Administrative Expenses ("SG&A")

The following table presents profit by reportable segment before corporate SG&A expense:
For the First Quarter Ended,Change
(thousands)March 27, 2021March 21, 2020$%
Profit before corporate SG&A*
Environmental Services$15,998 $18,778 $(2,780)(14.8)%
Oil Business10,086 910 9,176 1,008.4%
Total$26,084 $19,688 $6,396 32.5%
*Includes depreciation and amortization related to operating activity but not depreciation and amortization related to corporate
selling, general, and administrative activity. For further discussion see Note 11 in our consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this document.

Environmental Services profit before corporate SG&A expense decreased $2.8 million, or 14.8%, in the first quarter of fiscal 2021 compared to the first quarter of fiscal 2020. The decrease was mainly due to lower revenues, higher disposal costs for our containerized waste and wastewater and vacuum services businesses as well as higher labor and health and welfare costs. Operating margin for first quarter of 2021 was 23.0% compared to 24.2% in the first quarter of 2020.

Oil Business profit before corporate SG&A expense increased $9.2 million in the first quarter of fiscal 2021 compared to the first quarter of fiscal 2020. The higher operating margin compared to the first quarter of 2020 was mainly due to higher base oil selling price and sales volumes, the shift from a net pay-for-oil position to a net charge-for-oil position as well as a lower third party used oil feedstock cost per gallon. Oil Business segment operating margin sharply increased to a record 28.1% in the first quarter of 2021 compared to 3.1% in the first quarter of fiscal 2020.

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FINANCIAL CONDITION
Liquidity and Capital Resources

Cash and Cash Equivalents

As of March 27, 2021 and January 2, 2021, cash and cash equivalents were $46.7 million and $67.6 million, respectively. Our primary sources of liquidity are cash flows from operations and funds available to borrow under our revolving bank credit facility.
    
Debt and Financing Arrangements    

On March 18, 2021, Heritage-Crystal Clean, LLC, (the “Company”), entered into an Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (the "Agreement"), by and among the Company, its parent, Heritage-Crystal Clean, Inc., and the Company’s subsidiaries identified therein and Bank of America, N.A., as administrative agent, JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., and Wells Fargo Bank, National Association. The Agreement replaces the Company's previous Credit Agreement dated as of February 21, 2017. During the first quarter the Company paid down its previous term loan, in full, of $30.0 million. The new Agreement provides for borrowings of up to $100.0 million, in the form of a revolving facility, of which $15 million can be used in the form of a Swing Line loan.

Loans made under the Agreement, as amended, may be Base Rate Loans or LIBOR Rate Loans, at the election of the Borrower subject to certain exceptions. Base Rate Loans have an interest rate equal to (i) the higher of (a) the federal funds rate plus 0.5%, (b) the London Interbank Offering Rate (“LIBOR”) plus 1%, or (c) Bank of America's prime rate, plus (ii) a variable margin of between 0.50% and 1.25% depending on the Company's total leverage ratio, calculated on a consolidated basis. LIBOR rate loans have an interest rate equal to (i) the LIBOR rate plus (ii) a variable margin of between 1.50% and 2.25% depending on the Company's total leverage ratio. Amounts borrowed under the Agreement are secured by a security interest in substantially all of the Company's tangible and intangible assets. The Company incurred $0.8 million of debt issuance costs related to the amended credit agreement.

As of the Effective date of March 18, 2021, the effective rate on our revolving loan was 1.90%.

The Credit Agreement contains customary terms and provisions (including representations, covenants, and conditions) for transactions of this type. Certain covenants, among other things, restrict the Company's and its subsidiaries' ability to incur indebtedness, grant liens, make investments and sell assets. The Credit Agreement also contains customary events of default, covenants and representations and warranties. Financial covenants include:

An interest coverage ratio (based on interest expense and EBITDA) of at least 3.5 to 1.0;

A total leverage ratio no greater than 3.0 to 1.0, provided that in the event of a permitted acquisition having an aggregate consideration equal to $10.0 million or more, at the Borrower’s election, the foregoing 3.00 to 1.00 shall be deemed to be 3.50 to 1.00 for the fiscal quarter in which such permitted acquisition occurs and the three immediately following fiscal quarters and will thereafter revert to 3.00 to 1.00.

The Credit Agreement places certain limitations on acquisitions and the payment of dividends.
On July 27, 2017, the Financial Conduct Authority, which regulates LIBOR, announced that it intends to phase out the London Interbank Offered Rate by the end of 2021. We expect that widespread use of LIBOR will transition to alternative interest rates in the near future. Since loans made under our Credit Agreement may be LIBOR based loans, the phasing out of LIBOR may adversely affect interest rates that could result in higher borrowing costs and higher interest expense. The Company is currently evaluating its options under our Credit Agreement, but at this time we cannot reasonably estimate the impact to our financial statements.
The Company's weighted average interest rate for all debt through the first fiscal quarters of 2021, and 2020, was 2.04% and 3.7%, respectively.

As of March 27, 2021 and January 2, 2021, the Company was in compliance with all covenants under its Credit Agreement. As of March 27, 2021 and January 2, 2021, the Company, had $3.9 million, for both periods of standby letters of credit issued, and $96.1 million and $61.0 million was available for borrowing under the bank credit facility, respectively.

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We believe that our existing cash, cash equivalents, available borrowings, and other sources of financings will be sufficient to meet our anticipated cash needs for working capital and capital expenditures for at least the next 12 months. We cannot assure you that this will be the case or that our assumptions regarding revenues and expenses underlying this belief will be accurate. If, in the future, we require more liquidity than is available to us under our credit facility, we may need to raise additional funds through debt or equity offerings. Adequate funds may not be available when needed or may not be available on terms favorable to us. If additional funds are raised by issuing equity securities, dilution to existing stockholders may result. If we raise additional funds by obtaining loans from third parties, the terms of those financing arrangements may include negative covenants or other restrictions on our business that could impair our operational flexibility, and would also require us to fund additional interest expense. If funding is insufficient at any time in the future, we may be unable to develop or enhance our products or services, take advantage of business opportunities, or respond to competitive pressures, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
    
Summary of Cash Flow Activity
For the First Quarter Ended,
(thousands)March 27,
2021
March 21,
2020
Net cash provided by (used in):
Operating activities$16,203 $10,476 
Investing activities(5,262)(9,842)
Financing activities(31,847)(4,390)
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents$(20,906)$(3,756)

The most significant items affecting the comparison of our operating activities for the first quarter of fiscal 2021 and the first quarter of fiscal 2020 are summarized below:

Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities

Earnings — Our increase in net income during the first quarter of 2021 favorably impacted our net cash provided by operating activities by $3.9 million compared to the first quarter of 2020.

Accounts Receivable The increase in accounts receivable had an unfavorable impact on cash provided by operating activities of $4.9 million compared to the decrease in accounts receivable during in the first quarter of fiscal 2020.

Accounts Payable The increase in accounts payable had a favorable impact on cash provided by operating activities of $6.6 million in the first quarter of fiscal 2021.

 Net Cash Used in Investing Activities

Capital expenditures — We made capital expenditures as follows:
For the First Quarters Ended,
(thousands)March 27,
2021
March 21,
2020
Re-refinery capital improvements$1.1 $3.1 
Trucks and trailers1.51.4
Parts cleaning machines1.20.2
Various other projects1.65.2
Total$5.4 $9.9 


Net Cash Used in Financing Activities — During the first quarter the Company paid down its previous term loan, in full, of $30.0 million.
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ITEM 3.  QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

We are exposed to interest rate risks primarily through borrowings under our bank Credit Facility. Interest on this facility is based upon variable interest rates. Our weighted average borrowings under our Credit Facility during the first quarter of fiscal 2021 was $28.9 million, and the annual effective interest rate for the Credit Facility for the first quarter of fiscal 2021 was 2.04%. We currently do not hedge against interest rate risk. Based on the foregoing, a hypothetical 1% increase or decrease in interest rates would have resulted in a change of $0.3 million to our interest expense in the first quarter of fiscal 2021.

ITEM 4.  CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

    The Company's Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have concluded, based on their evaluation as of the end of the period covered by this report, that the Company's disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) are effective to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the reports that the Company files or submits under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission's rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial
Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding financial disclosures.

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

There have been no changes in the Company’s internal controls over financial reporting during the first quarter ended March 27, 2021 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.








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PART II

ITEM 6.  EXHIBITS

31.1
31.2
32.1
32.2
101.INS*XBRL Instance Document
101.SCH*XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CAL*XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.LAB*XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
101.PRE*XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
101.DEF*XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
*In accordance with Regulation S-T, the XBRL-related information in Exhibits 101 to this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q shall be deemed to be "furnished" and not "filed."
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SIGNATURES
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
  
HERITAGE-CRYSTAL CLEAN, INC.

Date:May 4, 2021By:/s/ Mark DeVita
  Mark DeVita
  Chief Financial Officer

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