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TITN Titan Machinery

Filed: 3 Dec 20, 3:27pm
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, DC  20549
 FORM 10-Q
 
☒ QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF
THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended October 31, 2020
OR

☐ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from ____ to ____
 
Commission File No. 001-33866
 
TITAN MACHINERY INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware 45-0357838
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)
 (IRS Employer
Identification No.)

644 East Beaton Drive
West Fargo, ND 58078-2648
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
 
Registrant’s telephone number (701) 356-0130

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.00001 par value per shareTITNThe Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes     No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer ☒
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company ☐
Emerging growth company ☐

    If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  YES     NO  

As of November 30, 2020, 22,555,832 shares of Common Stock, $0.00001 par value, of the registrant were outstanding.


TITAN MACHINERY INC.
QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q
 
Table of Contents

 Page No.
PART I.FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1.FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 Consolidated Balance Sheets
 Consolidated Statements of Operations
 Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
 Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Equity
 Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
 Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
ITEM 2.MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
ITEM 3.QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
ITEM 4.CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
PART II.OTHER INFORMATION
ITEM 1.LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
ITEM 1A.RISK FACTORS
ITEM 2.UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS
ITEM 3.DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES
ITEM 4.MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES
ITEM 5.OTHER INFORMATION
ITEM 6.EXHIBITS
Exhibit Index
Signatures

2

PART I. — FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
ITEM 1.                FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
TITAN MACHINERY INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (UNAUDITED)
(in thousands, except per share data)
October 31, 2020January 31, 2020
Assets
Current Assets
Cash$41,808 $43,721 
Receivables, net of allowance for expected credit losses73,531 72,776 
Inventories532,746 597,394 
Prepaid expenses and other8,737 13,655 
Total current assets656,822 727,546 
Noncurrent Assets
Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation148,520 145,562 
Operating lease assets81,401 88,281 
Deferred income taxes3,787 2,147 
Goodwill1,433 2,327 
Intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization7,764 8,367 
Other1,129 1,113 
Total noncurrent assets244,034 247,797 
Total Assets$900,856 $975,343 
Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity
Current Liabilities
Accounts payable$23,433 $16,976 
Floorplan payable287,837 371,772 
Current maturities of long-term debt4,423 13,779 
Current operating lease liabilities12,373 12,259 
Deferred revenue14,708 40,968 
Accrued expenses and other38,433 38,409 
Total current liabilities381,207 494,163 
Long-Term Liabilities
Long-term debt, less current maturities55,109 37,789 
Operating lease liabilities80,782 88,387 
Deferred income taxes5,814 2,055 
Other long-term liabilities10,376 7,845 
Total long-term liabilities152,081 136,076 
Commitments and Contingencies
Stockholders' Equity
Common stock, par value $.00001 per share, 45,000 shares authorized; 22,555 shares issued and outstanding at October 31, 2020; 22,335 shares issued and outstanding at January 31, 2020
Additional paid-in-capital252,270 250,607 
Retained earnings116,087 97,717 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(789)(3,220)
Total stockholders' equity367,568 345,104 
Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity$900,856 $975,343 
 See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
3

TITAN MACHINERY INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (UNAUDITED)
(in thousands, except per share data)
 Three Months Ended October 31,Nine Months Ended October 31,
 2020201920202019
Revenue
Equipment$240,901 $245,986 $662,060 $654,376 
Parts76,778 70,788 194,846 181,928 
Service30,696 27,553 84,282 77,215 
Rental and other12,497 16,609 33,357 40,688 
Total Revenue360,872 360,936 974,545 954,207 
Cost of Revenue
Equipment215,770 219,484 593,048 583,345 
Parts53,556 49,834 136,205 128,380 
Service10,254 8,950 28,263 25,170 
Rental and other8,741 10,894 23,379 27,612 
Total Cost of Revenue288,321 289,162 780,895 764,507 
Gross Profit72,551 71,774 193,650 189,700 
Operating Expenses54,115 58,184 160,252 165,594 
Impairment of Goodwill1,453 — 1,453 — 
Impairment of Intangible and Long-Lived Assets1,102 51 1,318 186 
Income from Operations15,881 13,539 30,627 23,920 
Other Income (Expense)
Interest and other income (expense)(360)1,273 333 2,687 
Floorplan interest expense(757)(1,448)(2,811)(3,724)
Other interest expense(940)(955)(2,884)(3,562)
Income Before Income Taxes13,824 12,409 25,265 19,321 
Provision for Income Taxes3,912 4,195 6,691 6,041 
Net Income$9,912 $8,214 $18,574 $13,280 
Earnings per Share:
Basic$0.44 $0.37 $0.83 $0.60 
Diluted$0.44 $0.37 $0.83 $0.60 
Weighted Average Common Shares:
Basic22,132 21,973 22,089 21,936 
Diluted22,137 21,976 22,091 21,942 
 
See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

4

TITAN MACHINERY INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (UNAUDITED)
(in thousands)
 
 Three Months Ended October 31,Nine Months Ended October 31,
 2020201920202019
Net Income$9,912 $8,214 $18,574 $13,280 
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Foreign currency translation adjustments2,181 (2,650)2,431 (2,409)
Comprehensive Income$12,093 $5,564 $21,005 $10,871 
 
See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

5

TITAN MACHINERY INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY (UNAUDITED)
(in thousands)

Common StockAdditional Paid-In CapitalRetained EarningsAccumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)Total Stockholders' Equity
Shares OutstandingAmount
BALANCE, January 31, 201922,218 $— $248,423 $89,228 $(2,340)$335,311 
Cumulative-effect adjustment of adopting ASC 842, Leases— — — (5,464)— (5,464)
Common stock issued on grant of restricted stock and exercise of stock options, net of restricted stock forfeitures and restricted stock withheld for employee withholding tax(34)— (492)— — (492)
Stock-based compensation expense— — 603 — — 603 
Net loss— — — (445)— (445)
Other comprehensive loss— — — — (771)(771)
BALANCE, April 30, 201922,184 — 248,534 83,319 (3,111)328,742 
Common stock issued on grant of restricted stock and exercise of stock options, net of restricted stock forfeitures and restricted stock withheld for employee withholding tax170 — — — — — 
Stock-based compensation expense— — 694 — — 694 
Net Income— — — 5,511 — 5,511 
Other comprehensive income— — — — 1,012 1,012 
BALANCE, July 31, 201922,354 — 249,228 88,830 (2,099)335,959 
Common stock issued on grant of restricted stock and exercise of stock options, net of restricted stock forfeitures and restricted stock withheld for employee withholding tax(2)— (17)— — (17)
Stock-based compensation expense— — 773 — — 773 
Net Income— — — 8,214 — 8,214 
Other comprehensive loss— — — — (2,650)(2,650)
BALANCE, October 31, 201922,352 $— $249,984 $97,044 $(4,749)$342,279 

Common StockAdditional Paid-In CapitalRetained EarningsAccumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)Total Stockholders' Equity
Shares OutstandingAmount
BALANCE, January 31, 202022,335 $— $250,607 $97,717 $(3,220)$345,104 
Cumulative-effect adjustment of adopting ASC 326, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses— — — (204)— (204)
Common stock issued on grant of restricted stock, net of restricted stock forfeitures and restricted stock withheld for employee withholding tax(21)— (201)— — (201)
Stock-based compensation expense— — 645 — — 645 
Net income— — — 2,262 — 2,262 
Other comprehensive loss— — — — (528)(528)
BALANCE, April 30, 202022,314 — 251,051 99,775 (3,748)347,078 
Common stock issued on grant of restricted stock, net of restricted stock forfeitures and restricted stock withheld for employee withholding tax239 — — — — — 
Stock-based compensation expense— — 536 — — 536 
Net income— — — 6,400 — 6,400 
Other comprehensive income— — — — 778 778 
BALANCE, July 31, 202022,553 — 251,587 106,175 (2,970)354,792 
Common stock issued on grant of restricted stock, net of restricted stock forfeitures and restricted stock withheld for employee withholding tax— (8)— — (8)
Stock-based compensation expense— — 691 — — 691 
Net income— — — 9,912 — 9,912 
Other comprehensive income— — — — 2,181 2,181 
BALANCE, October 31, 202022,555 $— 252,270 $116,087 $(789)$367,568 
See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
6


TITAN MACHINERY INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)
(in thousands)
 Nine Months Ended October 31,
 20202019
Operating Activities
Net income$18,574 $13,280 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by (used for) operating activities
Depreciation and amortization17,731 21,061 
Impairment2,771 186 
Deferred income taxes2,117 629 
Stock-based compensation expense1,872 2,070 
Noncash interest expense125 394 
Noncash lease expense8,613 9,251 
Other, net(694)(63)
Changes in assets and liabilities
Receivables, prepaid expenses and other assets4,479 (4,630)
Inventories76,495 (133,929)
Manufacturer floorplan payable(46,466)113,632 
Accounts payable, deferred revenue, accrued expenses and other and other long-term liabilities(15,555)(20,697)
Operating lease liabilities(9,248)(9,473)
Net Cash Provided by (Used for) Operating Activities60,814 (8,289)
Investing Activities
Rental fleet purchases(6,799)(12,765)
Property and equipment purchases (excluding rental fleet)(9,406)(7,637)
Proceeds from sale of property and equipment795 1,386 
Acquisition consideration, net of cash acquired(6,790)(11,752)
Other, net(16)13 
Net Cash Used for Investing Activities(22,216)(30,755)
Financing Activities
Net change in non-manufacturer floorplan payable(40,779)62,387 
Principal payments on senior convertible notes— (45,644)
Proceeds from long-term debt borrowings5,326 21,865 
Principal payments on long-term debt and finance leases(4,417)(3,197)
Payment of debt issuance costs(700)— 
Other, net(209)(509)
Net Cash Provided by (Used for) Financing Activities(40,779)34,902 
Effect of Exchange Rate Changes on Cash268 (183)
Net Change in Cash(1,913)(4,325)
Cash at Beginning of Period43,721 56,745 
Cash at End of Period$41,808 $52,420 
Supplemental Disclosures of Cash Flow Information
Cash paid during the period
Income taxes, net of refunds$31 $4,934 
Interest$5,813 $7,162 
Supplemental Disclosures of Noncash Investing and Financing Activities
Net property and equipment financed with long-term debt, finance leases, accounts payable and accrued liabilities$8,555 $7,652 
Net transfer of assets from (to) property and equipment to (from) inventories$2,731 $(2,179)

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
7

TITAN MACHINERY INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)
 
NOTE 1 - BUSINESS ACTIVITY AND SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Basis of Presentation
The unaudited consolidated financial statements included herein have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) for interim reporting. Accordingly, they do not include all the information and footnotes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring accruals, considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. The quarterly operating results for Titan Machinery Inc. (the “Company”) are subject to fluctuation due to varying weather patterns, which may impact the timing and amount of equipment purchases, rentals, and after-sales parts and service purchases by the Company’s Agriculture, Construction and International customers. Therefore, operating results for the nine-month period ended October 31, 2020 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the fiscal year ending January 31, 2021. The information contained in the consolidated balance sheet as of January 31, 2020 was derived from the audited consolidated financial statements of the Company for the fiscal year then ended. These consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2020 as filed with the SEC.
Nature of Business
The Company is engaged in the retail sale, service and rental of agricultural and construction machinery through its stores in the United States and Europe. The Company’s North American stores are located in Arizona, Colorado, Iowa, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin and Wyoming, and its European stores are located in Bulgaria, Germany, Romania, Serbia and Ukraine. 
Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic
In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared the outbreak of COVID-19 a pandemic, and the President of the United States declared the COVID-19 outbreak as a national emergency. The nature of COVID-19 led to worldwide shutdowns and halting of commercial and interpersonal activity as governments imposed regulations in efforts to control the spread of the pandemic, such as shelter-in-place orders and quarantines. The pandemic is a highly fluid and rapidly evolving situation, and we cannot anticipate with any certainty the length, scope, or severity of such restrictions in each of the markets that we operate.
Since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, the safety of our employees and customers has been and continues to be our top concern. At the onset of the pandemic, we organized a COVID Task Force to implement safety protocols and to quickly respond to matters, in the event of positive cases at any of our locations.
Even though we are considered an essential business, in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Company closed its U.S. stores to the public in March 2020 but continued operations through social distancing means in all areas: equipment, parts, service and rental. Beginning in May 2020, we began fully reopening our stores to the public, following pandemic safety protocols, and by June 2020 all of our locations were once again open to the public. Additionally, our International stores have also been following pandemic safety protocols set forth by each country and local government authority, which at times have included border shutdowns and curfew regulations.
Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates, particularly related to realization of inventory, impairment of long-lived assets, goodwill, or indefinite lived intangible assets, collectability of receivables, and income taxes.
Principles of Consolidation
    The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All material accounts, transactions and profits between the consolidated companies have been eliminated in consolidation.
8


Recently Adopted Accounting Guidance
    In June 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued a new standard, codified in Accounting Standard Codification ("ASC") 326, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses, that modifies how entities measure credit losses on most financial instruments. The new standard replaced the "incurred loss" model with an "expected credit loss" model that requires consideration of a broader range of information to estimate expected credit losses over the lifetime of the asset. The guidance impacts the Company on its accounts receivable portfolio but specifically excluded receivables from operating lease arrangements and, therefore, the Company’s receivables from rental contracts were not impacted. The guidance also requires new disclosures to allow the users of the financial statements to understand the credit risk inherent in a portfolio and how management monitors the credit quality of the portfolio, management’s estimate of expected credit losses, and changes in the estimate of expected credit losses that have taken place during the reporting period.
The Company adopted the new guidance on February 1, 2020 using a modified retrospective approach and recognized an immaterial cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings as of the effective date. The Company identified and updated existing internal controls and procedures to ensure compliance with the new guidance, but such modifications were not deemed to be material to the Company's overall system of internal control. While the adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements, it required changes to the Company's process of estimating expected credit losses on trade receivables. See footnote 4 for further discussion of our accounts receivables.
In February 2018, the FASB issued guidance on the accounting for implementation costs incurred in a cloud computing arrangement that is a service contract, codified in ASC 350-40, Internal Use Software. This guidance aligns the accounting for costs incurred to implement a cloud computing arrangement that is a service arrangement with the guidance on capitalizing costs associated with developing or obtaining internal-use software. The Company adopted this standard on February 1, 2020, using the prospective transition approach. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements.
Accounting Guidance Not Yet Adopted
In March 2020, the FASB issued Accounting Standard Update ("ASU") No. 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting (“ASU No. 2020-04”), which provides temporary optional expedients and exceptions to accounting guidance on contract modifications and hedge accounting to ease entities’ financial reporting burdens as the market transitions from the London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) and other interbank offered rates to alternative reference rates. ASU 2020-04 is effective upon issuance and can be applied through December 31, 2022. The Company is currently evaluating its contracts and hedging relationships that reference LIBOR to determine if the Company will adopt the new guidance.
9

NOTE 2 - EARNINGS PER SHARE
The following table sets forth the calculation of basic and diluted EPS:
 Three Months Ended October 31,Nine Months Ended October 31,
 2020201920202019
 (in thousands, except per share data)
Numerator:
Net income$9,912 $8,214 $18,574 $13,280 
Allocation to participating securities(186)(140)(301)(207)
Net income attributable to Titan Machinery Inc. common stockholders$9,726 $8,074 $18,273 $13,073 
Denominator:
Basic weighted-average common shares outstanding22,132 21,973 22,089 21,936 
Plus: incremental shares from vesting of restricted stock units
Diluted weighted-average common shares outstanding22,137 21,976 22,091 21,942 
Earnings Per Share:
Basic$0.44 $0.37 $0.83 $0.60 
Diluted$0.44 $0.37 $0.83 $0.60 

NOTE 3 - REVENUE
    Revenues are recognized when control of the promised goods or services is transferred to the customer, in an amount that reflects the consideration we expect to collect in exchange for those goods or services. Sales, value added and other taxes collected from our customers concurrent with our revenue activities are excluded from revenue.
    The following tables present our revenue disaggregated by revenue source and segment:
Three Months Ended October 31, 2020Three Months Ended October 31, 2019
AgricultureConstructionInternationalTotalAgricultureConstructionInternationalTotal
(in thousands)(in thousands)
Equipment$146,410 $47,766 $46,725 $240,901 $148,680 $43,299 $54,007 $245,986 
Parts50,528 14,072 12,179 76,779 44,923 13,586 12,279 70,788 
Service22,316 6,497 1,883 30,696 18,885 6,674 1,994 27,553 
Other823 628 102 1,553 835 826 50 1,711 
Revenue from contracts with customers220,077 68,963 60,889 349,929 213,323 64,385 68,330 346,038 
Rental548 10,067 328 10,943 750 13,646 502 14,898 
Total revenues$220,625 $79,030 $61,217 $360,872 $214,073 $78,031 $68,832 $360,936 

Nine Months Ended October 31, 2020Nine Months Ended October 31, 2019
AgricultureConstructionInternationalTotalAgricultureConstructionInternationalTotal
(in thousands)(in thousands)
Equipment$396,759 $130,497 $134,804 $662,060 $367,754 $137,742 $148,880 $654,376 
Parts123,078 38,548 33,221 194,847 109,952 39,356 32,620 181,928 
Service59,466 19,514 5,302 84,282 51,869 20,163 5,183 77,215 
Other2,385 1,871 325 4,581 2,248 2,238 202 4,688 
Revenue from contracts with customers581,688 190,430 173,652 945,770 531,823 199,499 186,885 918,207 
Rental1,638 26,432 705 28,775 1,715 33,314 971 36,000 
Total revenues$583,326 $216,862 $174,357 $974,545 $533,538 $232,813 $187,856 $954,207 
10

Unbilled Receivables and Deferred Revenue
    Unbilled receivables amounted to $16.8 million and $13.9 million as of October 31, 2020 and January 31, 2020. The increase in unbilled receivables is primarily the result of a seasonal increase in the volume of our service transactions in which we recognize revenue as our work is performed and prior to customer invoicing.
    Deferred revenue from contracts with customers amounted to $13.7 million and $39.5 million as of October 31, 2020 and January 31, 2020. Our deferred revenue most often increases in the fourth quarter of each fiscal year due to a higher level of customer down payments or prepayments and longer time periods between customer payment and delivery of the equipment asset, and the related recognition of equipment revenue, prior to its seasonal use. During the three months ended October 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company recognized $3.9 million and $2.5 million, respectively, of revenue that was included in the deferred revenue balance as of January 31, 2020 and January 31, 2019, respectively. During the nine months ended October 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company recognized $40.9 million and $43.7 million, respectively, of revenue that was included in the deferred revenue balance as of January 31, 2020 and January 31, 2019, respectively. No material amount of revenue was recognized during the three and nine months ended October 31, 2020 and 2019 from performance obligations satisfied in previous periods.
The following is a summary of deferred revenue as of October 31, 2020 and January 31, 2020:
October 31, 2020January 31, 2020
(in thousands)
Deferred revenue from contracts with customers$13,687 $39,512 
Deferred revenue from rental and other contracts1,021 1,456 
$14,708 $40,968 
    The Company has elected as a practical expedient to not disclose the value of unsatisfied performance obligations for (i) contracts with an original expected length of service of one year or less and (ii) contracts for which we recognize revenue at the amount to which we have the right to invoice for services performed. The contracts for which the practical expedient has been applied include (i) equipment revenue transactions, which do not have a stated contractual term, but are short-term in nature, and (ii) service revenue transactions, which also do not have a stated contractual term but are generally completed within 30 days and for such contracts we recognize revenue over time at the amount to which we have the right to invoice for services completed to date.
NOTE 4 - RECEIVABLES
The Company provides an allowance for expected credit losses on its nonrental receivables. To measure the expected credit losses, receivables have been grouped based on shared credit risk characteristics as shown in the table below.
Trade and unbilled receivables from contracts with customers have credit risk and the allowance is determined by applying expected credit loss percentages to aging categories based on historical experience that are updated each quarter. The rates may also be adjusted to the extent future events are expected to differ from historical results. Given that the credit terms for these receivables are short-term, changes in credit loss percentages due to future events may not occur on a frequent basis. In addition, the allowance is adjusted based on information obtained by continued monitoring of individual customer credit.
Trade receivables from finance companies, other receivables due from manufacturers, and other receivables have not historically resulted in any credit losses to the Company. These receivables are short-term in nature and deemed to be of good credit quality and have no need for any allowance for expected credit losses. Management continually monitors these receivables and should information be obtained that identifies potential credit risk, an adjustment to the allowance would be made if deemed appropriate.
Trade and unbilled receivables from rental contracts are primarily in the United States and are specifically excluded from the accounting guidance in determining an allowance for expected losses. The Company does provide an allowance for these receivables based on historical experience and using credit information obtained from continued monitoring of customer accounts.
11

October 31, 2020January 31, 2020
(in thousands)
Trade and unbilled receivables from contracts with customers
Trade receivables due from customers$31,606 $36,400 
Unbilled receivables16,796 13,944 
Less allowance for expected credit losses3,053 2,943 
45,349 47,401 
Trade receivables due from finance companies11,967 12,352 
Trade and unbilled receivables from rental contracts
Trade receivables6,060 7,381 
Unbilled receivables1,130 861 
Less allowance for expected credit losses1,957 2,180 
5,233 6,062 
Other receivables
Due from manufacturers9,992 5,763 
Other990 1,198 
10,982 6,961 
Receivables, net of allowance for expected credit losses$73,531 $72,776 

Following is a summary of allowance for credit losses on trade and unbilled accounts receivable by segment:
AgricultureConstructionInternationalTotal
Balance at February 1, 2020$181 $1,016 $1,746 $2,943 
Current expected credit loss provision14 113 226 353 
Write-offs charged against allowance71 133 209 
Credit loss recoveries collected40 50 
Foreign exchange impact— — (29)(29)
Balance at April 30, 2020230 1,062 1,816 3,108 
Current expected credit loss provision16 95 265 376 
Write-offs charged against allowance47 78 98 223 
Credit loss recoveries collected— — 
Foreign exchange impact— — 23 23 
Balance at July 31, 2020208 1,079 2,006 3,293 
Current expected credit loss provision30 12 (256)(215)
Write-offs charged against allowance44 21 48 114 
Credit loss recoveries collected18 — 20 
Foreign exchange impact— — 67 67 
Balance at October 31, 2020$196 $1,088 $1,769 $3,053 
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The following table presents impairment losses (recoveries) on receivables arising from sales contracts with customers and receivables arising from rental contracts:
Three Months Ended October 31,Nine Months Ended October 31,
2020201920202019
(in thousands)
Impairment losses (recoveries) on:
Receivables from sales contracts$(213)$75 $307 $1,061 
Receivables from rental contracts(59)282 92 779 
$(272)$357 $399 $1,840 

NOTE 5 - INVENTORIES
October 31, 2020January 31, 2020
 (in thousands)
New equipment$322,207 $358,339 
Used equipment127,605 157,535 
Parts and attachments81,302 79,813 
Work in process1,632 1,707 
$532,746 $597,394 

NOTE 6 - PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT
October 31, 2020January 31, 2020
 (in thousands)
Rental fleet equipment$94,220 $104,133 
Machinery and equipment23,478 22,682 
Vehicles55,416 51,850 
Furniture and fixtures43,169 41,720 
Land, buildings, and leasehold improvements79,761 70,408 
296,044 290,793 
Less accumulated depreciation147,524 145,231 
$148,520 $145,562 
    The Company reviews its long-lived assets for potential impairment whenever events or circumstances indicate that the carrying value of the long-lived asset (or asset group) may not be recoverable. During the three months ended October 31, 2020, the Company determined, based on changing expectations regarding the future use of certain long-lived assets, that the $0.8 million carrying value of these assets, may not be recoverable. The Company performed an impairment assessment of this asset group and, as a result, recognized an impairment charge of $0.2 million within its Agriculture segment for the three months ended October 31, 2020. For the nine months ended October 31, 2020, the Company recognized a total impairment charge of $0.2 million within its Construction segment and a $0.2 million impairment charge within its Agriculture segment. For the three and nine months ended October 31, 2019, the Company recognized an impairment charge of $0.1 million and $0.2 million, respectively, within its Construction segment.
    In March 2019, the Company completed an assessment of its Enterprise Resource Planning ("ERP") application and concluded that the Company would begin the process to prepare for conversion to a new ERP application. The Company integrated one pilot store on the new ERP system in the second quarter of the fiscal 2021 and expects all domestic stores to be on the new ERP application during the second or third quarter of fiscal 2022. We have prospectively adjusted the useful life of our current ERP application such that it will be fully amortized upon its estimated replacement date. The net book value of the current ERP asset of $0.8 million as of October 31, 2020 will be amortized on a straight-line basis over the estimated remaining period of use.
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NOTE 7 - INTANGIBLE ASSETS AND GOODWILL
Goodwill
The following is a summary of the changes in goodwill, by segment, for the period ended October 31, 2020:
AgricultureConstructionInternationalTotal
(in thousands)
January 31, 2020$949 $— $1,378 $2,327 
Arising from business combinations484 — — 484 
Foreign currency translation— — 75 75 
Impairment— — (1,453)(1,453)
October 31, 2020$1,433 $— $$1,433 
The Company performs at least an annual impairment testing of goodwill and, due to ongoing losses and the impact of COVID-19, an interim impairment test was performed in the third quarter of fiscal 2021 for our Germany reporting unit. Under the impairment test, the fair value of the reporting unit is estimated using an income approach in which a discounted cash flow analysis is utilized, which includes a five-year forecast of future operating performance for the reporting unit and a terminal value that estimates sustained long-term growth. The discount rate applied to the estimated future cash flows reflects an estimate of the weighted-average cost of capital of comparable companies.
The quantitative goodwill impairment analysis for the Germany reporting unit indicated that the estimated fair value of the reporting unit was less than the carrying value. The implied fair value of the goodwill associated with the reporting unit approximated zero, thus requiring a full impairment charge of the goodwill carrying value of the reporting unit. As such, a goodwill impairment charge of $1.5 million was recognized for the three and nine months ended October 31, 2020, which is included in the impairment of goodwill amount in the consolidated statements of operations. The impairment charges arose as the result of lowered expectations of the future financial performance of this reporting unit. The Company's assumptions about future financial performance were impacted by the current year operating performance of this reporting unit and by the anticipated impact that challenging industry conditions, including COVID-19, may have on the future financial performance of this reporting unit. There were no goodwill impairment charges for the three and nine months ended October 31, 2019.
Indefinite-Lived Intangible Assets
The Company's indefinite-lived intangible assets consist of distribution rights assets. The following is a summary of the changes in indefinite-lived intangible assets, by segment, for the period ended October 31, 2020:
AgricultureConstructionInternationalTotal
(in thousands)
January 31, 2020$6,070 $72 $1,870 $8,012 
Arising from business combinations195 — — 195 
Foreign currency translation— — 97 97 
Impairment— — (858)(858)
October 31, 2020$6,265 $72 $1,109 $7,446 
The Company performs at least an annual impairment testing of its indefinite-lived distribution rights intangible assets and, due to ongoing losses and the impact of COVID-19, an interim test was completed in the third quarter of fiscal 2021 for our Germany assets. Under the impairment test, the fair value of distribution rights intangible assets is estimated based on a multi-period excess earnings model, an income approach. This model allocates future estimated earnings of the store/complex amongst working capital, fixed assets and other intangible assets of the store/complex and any remaining earnings (the "excess earnings") are allocated to the distribution rights intangible assets. The earnings allocated to the distribution rights are then discounted to arrive at the present value of the future estimated excess earnings, which represents the estimated fair value of the distribution rights intangible asset. The discount rate applied reflects the Company's estimate of the weighted-average cost of capital of comparable companies plus an additional risk premium to reflect the additional risk inherent in the distribution right asset.
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The results of the Company's impairment testing for the Germany distribution rights intangible assets for the quarter ended October 31, 2020, indicated that the estimated fair value of the tested distribution rights was below the carrying value of such assets, thus requiring an impairment to be recognized. Impairment charges of $0.9 million were recognized for the three and nine months ended October 31, 2020 and included in the Impairment of Intangibles and Long-lived assets amount in the consolidated statements of operations. The impairment charges arose as the result of lowered expectations of the future financial performance of this reporting unit. The Company's assumptions about future financial performance were impacted by the current year operating performance of this reporting unit and by the anticipated impact that challenging industry conditions, including COVID-19, may have on the future financial performance of this reporting unit. There were no indefinite-lived intangible impairment charges for the three and nine months ended October 31, 2019.
NOTE 8 - FLOORPLAN PAYABLE/LINES OF CREDIT
    On April 3, 2020, the Company entered into a Third Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (the "Bank Syndicate Agreement") with a group of banks, that amended and restated the Company's prior $200.0 million credit facility, dated October 28, 2015. The Bank Syndicate Agreement provides for a secured credit facility in an amount up to $250.0 million, consisting of a $185.0 million floorplan facility (the "Floorplan Loan") and a $65.0 million operating line (the "Revolver Loan"), and changed the interest rates as compared to the prior credit facility, amongst other things. The amounts available under the Bank Syndicate Agreement are subject to base calculations and reduced by outstanding standby letters of credit and certain reserves. The Bank Syndicate Agreement includes a variable interest rate on outstanding balances, charges a 0.25% non-usage fee on the average monthly unused amount, and requires monthly payments of accrued interest. The Company elects at the time of any advance to choose a Base Rate Loan or a LIBOR Rate Loan. The LIBOR Rate is based upon one month, two month, or three month LIBOR, as chosen by the Company, but in no event shall the LIBOR Rate be less than 0.50%. The Base Rate is the greater of (a) the prime rate of interest announced, from time to time, by Bank of America; (b) the Federal Funds Rate plus 0.5%, or (c) one month LIBOR plus 1%, but in no event shall the Base Rate be less than zero. The applicable margin rate is determined based on excess availability under the Bank Syndicate Agreement and ranges from 0.5% to 1.0% for Base Rate Loans and 1.5% to 2.0% for LIBOR Rate Loans.
The Bank Syndicate Agreement does not obligate the Company to maintain financial covenants, except in the event that excess availability (each as defined in the Bank Syndicate Agreement) is less than 15% of the lower of the borrowing base or the size of the maximum credit line, at which point the Company is required to maintain a fixed charge coverage ratio of at least 1.10:1.00. The Bank Syndicate Agreement includes various restrictions on the Company and its subsidiaries’ activities, including, under certain conditions, limitations on the Company’s ability to make certain cash payments including cash dividends and stock repurchases, issuance of equity instruments, acquisitions and divestitures, and entering into new indebtedness transactions. The Bank Syndicate Agreement matures on April 3, 2025.
The Floorplan Loan under the Bank Syndicate Agreement is used to finance equipment inventory purchases. Amounts outstanding are recorded as floorplan payable, within current liabilities on the consolidated balance sheets, as the Company intends to repay amounts borrowed within one year.
The Revolver Loan under the Bank Syndicate Agreement is used to finance rental fleet equipment and for general working capital requirements of the Company. Amounts outstanding are recorded as long-term debt, within long-term liabilities on the consolidated balance sheets, as the Company does not have the intention or obligation to repay amounts borrowed within one year.
As of October 31, 2020, the Company had floorplan lines of credit totaling $765.0 million, which is primarily comprised of three significant floorplan lines of credit: (i) a $450.0 million credit facility with CNH Industrial, (ii) a $185.0 million line of credit under the Bank Syndicate Agreement, and (iii) a $60.0 million credit facility with DLL Finance LLC.
As of October 31, 2020 and January 31, 2020, the Company's outstanding balances of floorplan lines of credit consisted of the following:
October 31, 2020January 31, 2020
(in thousands)
CNH Industrial$138,588 $187,690 
Bank Syndicate Agreement Floorplan Loan49,750 — 
Wells Fargo Floorplan Payable Line— 82,700 
DLL Finance19,348 30,657 
Other outstanding balances with manufacturers and non-manufacturers80,151 70,725 
$287,837 $371,772 
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    As of October 31, 2020, the interest-bearing U.S. floorplan payables carried various interest rates ranging primarily from 2.25% to 3.07%, compared to a range of 4.05% to 4.81% as of January 31, 2020. As of October 31, 2020, foreign floorplan payables carried various interest rates primarily ranging from 1.20% to 4.84%, compared to a range of 0.86% to 7.66% as of January 31, 2020. As of October 31, 2020 and January 31, 2020, $164.6 million and $205.2 million, respectively, of outstanding floorplan payables were non-interest bearing. As of October 31, 2020, the Company had a compensating balance arrangement under one of its foreign floorplan credit facilities, which requires a minimum cash deposit to be maintained with the lender in the amount of $5.0 million for the term of the credit facility.
NOTE 9 - SENIOR CONVERTIBLE NOTES
    The Company's senior convertible notes matured, and the outstanding principal balance of $45.6 million was repaid in full, on May 1, 2019, and as such there was no interest expense for the three and nine months ended October 31, 2020 and three months ended October 31, 2019. For the nine months ended October 31, 2019, the Company recognized $0.8 million in interest expense associated with its senior convertible notes.
NOTE 10 - LONG TERM DEBT
    The following is a summary of long-term debt as of October 31, 2020 and January 31, 2020:

DescriptionMaturity DatesInterest RatesOctober 31, 2020January 31, 2020
(in thousands)
Mortgage loans, securedVarious through May 20392.09% to 5.1%$23,015 $15,252 
Sale-leaseback financing obligationsVarious through December 20303.4% to 10.3%16,832 17,781 
Bank Syndicate Agreement - Revolver LoanApril 20252.25%10,000 10,000 
Vehicle loans, securedVarious through June 20261.7% to 3.94%9,538 7,468 
OtherJanuary 20212.6%147 1,067 
Total debt59,532 51,568 
Less: current maturities4,423 13,779 
Long-term debt, net$55,109 $37,789 

NOTE 11 - DERIVATIVE INSTRUMENTS
The Company holds derivative instruments for the purpose of minimizing exposure to fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates to which the Company is exposed in the normal course of its operations.
    The Company uses foreign currency forward contracts to hedge the effects of fluctuations in exchange rates on outstanding intercompany loans. The Company does not formally designate and document such derivative instruments as hedging instruments; however, the instruments are an effective economic hedge of the underlying foreign currency exposure. Both the gain or loss on the derivative instrument and the offsetting gain or loss on the underlying intercompany loan are recognized in earnings immediately, thereby eliminating or reducing the impact of foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations on net income. The Company's foreign currency forward contracts generally have three-month maturities, maturing on the last day of each fiscal quarter. No foreign currency contracts were outstanding as of January 31, 2020. The notional value of outstanding foreign currency contracts as of October 31, 2020 was $7.0 million.
    As of October 31, 2020, the fair value of the Company's outstanding derivative instruments was not material. Derivative instruments recognized as assets are recorded in prepaid expenses and other in the consolidated balance sheets, and derivative instruments recognized as liabilities are recorded in accrued expenses and other in the consolidated balance sheets.
    The following table sets forth the gains and losses recognized in income from the Company’s derivative instruments for the three and nine months ended October 31, 2020 and 2019. Gains and losses are recognized in Interest and other income (expense) in the consolidated statements of operations:
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Three Months Ended October 31,Nine Months Ended October 31,
2020201920202019
 (in thousands)
Foreign currency contract gain (loss)$471 $(3)$660 $365 

NOTE 12 - ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
    The following is a summary of the changes in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), by component, for the periods ended October 31, 2020 and October 31, 2019:
Foreign Currency Translation AdjustmentNet Investment Hedging GainTotal Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
(in thousands)
Balance, January 31, 2020$(5,931)$2,711 $(3,220)
Other comprehensive loss(528)— (528)
Balance, April 30, 2020(6,459)2,711 (3,748)
Other comprehensive income778 — 778 
Balance, July 31, 2020(5,681)2,711 (2,970)
Other comprehensive income2,181 — 2,181 
Balance, October 31, 2020$(3,500)$2,711 $(789)

Foreign Currency Translation AdjustmentNet Investment Hedging GainTotal Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
(in thousands)
Balance, January 31, 2019$(5,051)$2,711 $(2,340)
Other comprehensive loss(771)— (771)
Balance, April 30, 2019(5,822)2,711 (3,111)
Other comprehensive income1,012 — 1,012 
Balance, July 31, 2019(4,810)2,711 (2,099)
Other comprehensive loss(2,650)— (2,650)
Balance, October 31, 2019$(7,460)$2,711 $(4,749)

NOTE 13 - LEASES
As Lessee
    The Company, as lessee, leases certain of its dealership locations, office space, equipment and vehicles under operating and financing classified leasing arrangements. The Company has elected to not record leases with a lease term at commencement of 12 months or less on the consolidated balance sheet; such leases are expensed on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Many real estate lease agreements require the Company to pay the real estate taxes on the properties during the lease term and require that the Company maintain property insurance on each of the leased premises. Such payments are deemed to be variable lease payments as the amounts may change during the term of the lease. Certain leases include renewal options that can extend the lease term for periods of one to ten years. Most real estate leases grant the Company a right of first refusal or other options to purchase the real estate, generally at fair market value, either during the lease term or at its conclusion. In most cases, the Company has not included these renewal and purchase options within the measurement of the right-of-use asset and lease liability. Most often, the Company cannot readily determine the interest rate implicit in the lease and thus applies its incremental borrowing rate to capitalize the right-of-use asset and lease liability. The Company estimates its incremental borrowing rate by incorporating considerations of lease term, asset class and lease currency and geographical market. The Company's lease agreements do not contain any material non-lease components, residual value guarantees or material restrictive covenants.
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    The Company subleases a small number of real estate assets to third-parties, primarily dealership locations for which it has ceased operations. All sublease arrangements are classified as operating leases.
    The components of lease expense were as follows:
Three Months Ended October 31,Nine Months Ended October 31,
Classification2020201920202019
(in thousands)(in thousands)
Finance lease cost:
Amortization of leased assetsOperating expenses$395 $373 $1,176 $1,080 
Interest on lease liabilitiesOther interest expense108 143 351 421 
Operating lease costOperating expenses and rental and other cost of revenue4,541 4,613 13,329 14,154 
Short-term lease costOperating expenses81 41 270 201 
Variable lease costOperating expenses739 689 2,109 2,024 
Sublease incomeInterest and other income (expense)(136)(146)(419)(468)
$5,728 $5,713 $16,816 $17,412 
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    Right-of-use lease assets and lease liabilities consist of the following:
ClassificationOctober 31, 2020January 31, 2020
(in thousands)
Assets
Operating lease assetsOperating lease assets$81,401 $88,281 
Finance lease assets(a)
Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation5,478 6,297 
Total leased assets$86,879 $94,578 
Liabilities
Current
OperatingCurrent operating lease liabilities$12,373 $12,259 
FinanceAccrued expenses and other1,712 1,708 
Noncurrent
OperatingOperating lease liabilities80,782 88,387 
FinanceOther long-term liabilities3,121 4,103 
Total lease liabilities$97,988 $106,457 
(a)Finance lease assets are recorded net of accumulated amortization of $2.6 million as of October 31, 2020 and $1.5 million as of January 31, 2020.    
    Maturities of lease liabilities as of October 31, 2020 are as follows:
OperatingFinance
LeasesLeasesTotal
Fiscal Year Ended January 31,(in thousands)
2021 (remainder)$4,481 $548 $5,029 
202217,307 1,923 19,230 
202316,248 1,269 17,517 
202415,150 530 15,680 
202513,998 424 14,422 
202613,835 312 14,147 
Thereafter34,720 1,084 35,804 
Total lease payments115,739 6,090 121,829 
Less: Interest22,584 1,257 23,841 
Present value of lease liabilities$93,155 $4,833 $97,988 
    The weighted-average lease term and discount rate as of October 31, 2020 are as follows:
October 31, 2020
Weighted-average remaining lease term (years):
Operating leases7.4
Financing leases5.0
Weighted-average discount rate:
Operating leases6.0 %
Financing leases9.5 %
As Lessor
    The Company rents equipment to customers, primarily in the Construction segment, on a short-term basis. Our rental arrangements generally do not include minimum, noncancellable periods as the lessee is entitled to cancel the arrangement at any time. Most often, our rental arrangements extend for periods ranging from a few days to a few months. We maintain a fleet of dedicated rental assets within our Construction segment and, within all segments, may also provide short-term rentals of certain equipment inventory assets. Certain rental arrangements may include rent-to-purchase options whereby customers are given a period of time to exercise an option to purchase the related equipment at an established price with any rental payments paid applied to reduce the purchase price.
    All of the Company's leasing arrangements as lessor are classified as operating leases. Rental revenue is recognized on a straight-line basis over the rental period. Rental revenue includes amounts charged for loss and damage insurance on rented equipment. In most cases, our rental arrangements include non-lease components, including delivery and pick-up services. The Company accounts for these non-lease components separate from the rental arrangement and recognizes the revenue associated with these components when the service is performed. The Company has elected to exclude from rental revenue all sales, value
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added and other taxes collected from our customers concurrent with our rental activities. Rental billings most often occur on a monthly basis and may be billed in advance or in arrears, thus creating unbilled rental receivables or deferred rental revenue amounts. The Company manages the residual value risk of its rented assets by (i) monitoring the quality, aging and anticipated retail market value of our rental fleet assets to determine the optimal period to remove an asset from the rental fleet, (ii) maintaining the quality of our assets through on-site parts and service support and (iii) requiring physical damage insurance of our lessee customers. We primarily dispose of our rental assets through the sale of the asset by our retail sales force.
    Revenue generated from leasing activities is disclosed, by segment, in Note 3. The following is the balance of our dedicated rental fleet assets, included in Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation in the consolidated balance sheet, of our Construction segment as of October 31, 2020 and January 31, 2020:
October 31, 2020January 31, 2020
(in thousands)
Rental fleet equipment$94,220 $104,133 
Less accumulated depreciation34,970 42,076 
$59,250 $62,057 

NOTE 14 - FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
As of October 31, 2020 and January 31, 2020, the fair value of the Company's foreign currency contracts, which are either assets or liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis, was not material. These foreign currency contracts were valued using a discounted cash flow analysis, which is an income approach, utilizing readily observable market data as inputs, which is classified as a Level 2 fair value measurement.
The Company also valued certain long-lived assets at fair value on a non-recurring basis as of October 31, 2020, April 30, 2020, and January 31, 2020 as part of its long-lived asset impairment testing. The estimated fair value of such assets as of October 31, 2020, April 30, 2020, and January 31, 2020 was $0.5 million, $0.4 million, and $2.8 million, respectively. Fair value was estimated through an income approach incorporating both observable and unobservable inputs, and are deemed to be Level 3 fair value inputs. The most significant unobservable inputs include forecasted net cash generated from the use of the assets and the discount rate applied to such cash flows to arrive at a fair value estimate. In addition, in certain instances the Company estimated the fair value of long-lived assets to approximate zero as no future cash flows were assumed to be generated from the use of such assets and the expected value to be realized upon disposition was deemed to be nominal.
The Company also has financial instruments that are not recorded at fair value in the consolidated balance sheets, including cash, receivables, payables and long-term debt. The carrying amounts of these financial instruments approximated their fair values as of October 31, 2020 and January 31, 2020. Fair value of these financial instruments was estimated based on Level 2 fair value inputs.
NOTE 15 - INCOME TAXES
    Our effective tax rate was 28.3% and 33.8% for the three months ended October 31, 2020 and October 31, 2019 and was 26.5% and 31.3% for the nine months ended October 31, 2020 and October 31, 2019. Our effective tax rate differs from the domestic federal statutory tax rate due to the impact of state taxes, the mix of domestic and foreign income or losses, the impact of the recognition of valuation allowance on certain of our foreign deferred tax assets, including net operating losses, the impact of foreign currency fluctuations on our Ukrainian business and discrete events that take place throughout the year, primarily the tax impact of share based payments.
NOTE 16 - BUSINESS COMBINATIONS
Fiscal 2021
On May 4, 2020, the Company acquired certain assets of HorizonWest Inc. This acquired CaseIH agriculture dealership complex consisted of three agriculture equipment stores in Scottsbluff and Sidney, Nebraska and Torrington, Wyoming, which expanded the Company's agriculture presence in Nebraska and into Wyoming. The total consideration transferred for the acquired business was $6.8 million paid in cash.
In connection with the acquisition, the Company acquired from CNH Industrial and certain other manufacturers equipment and parts inventory previously owned by HorizonWest Inc. Upon acquiring such inventories, the Company was offered floorplan financing by the manufacturer. In total, the Company acquired inventory and recognized a corresponding financing liability of $2.7 million. The recognition of these inventories and the associated financing liabilities are not included as part of the accounting for the business combination.
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Fiscal 2020    
On January 1, 2019, the Company, through its German subsidiary, acquired certain assets of ESB Agrartechnik GmbH ("ESB"). ESB is a full-service agriculture equipment dealership in Eastern Germany. Our acquisition of ESB further expanded our presence in the German market. The total consideration transferred for the acquired business was $3.0 million paid in cash. This acquisition was recognized in the fiscal year ended January 31, 2020 as the acquisition occurred within our International segment in which all entities maintain a calendar year reporting period.
    On October 1, 2019, the Company acquired certain assets of Uglem-Ness Co. The acquired business consisted of one Case IH agriculture equipment store in Northwood, North Dakota. The service area is contiguous to the Company's existing locations in Grand Forks and Casselton, North Dakota and Ada, Minnesota. The total consideration transferred for the acquired business was $10.9 million paid in cash.
    In connection with the acquisition, the Company acquired from CNH Industrial and certain other manufacturers equipment and parts inventory previously owned by Uglem-Ness Co. Upon acquiring such inventories, the Company was offered floorplan financing by the manufacturer. In total, the Company acquired inventory and recognized a corresponding financing liability of $7.4 million. The recognition of these inventories and the associated financing liabilities are not included as part of the accounting for the business combination.
Purchase Price Allocation
Each of the above acquisitions has been accounted for under the acquisition method of accounting, which requires the Company to estimate the acquisition date fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed. The accounting for all business combinations was complete as of October 31, 2020.
The following table presents the aggregate purchase price allocations for all acquisitions completed during the nine months ended October 31, 2020 and twelve months ended January 31, 2020:
October 31, 2020January 31, 2020
(in thousands)
Assets acquired:
Cash$$— 
Receivables— 440 
Inventories4,260 6,466 
Prepaid expenses and other48 — 
Property and equipment1,752 3,810 
Operating lease assets2,006 — 
Intangible assets245 1,973 
Goodwill484 1,198 
8,796 13,887 
Liabilities assumed:
Current operating lease liabilities159 — 
Operating lease liabilities1,847 — 
2,006 — 
Net assets acquired$6,790 $13,887 
Goodwill recognized by segment:
Agriculture$484 $699 
Construction— — 
International— 499 
Goodwill expected to be deductible for tax purposes$484 $1,198 
    The recognition of goodwill in the above business combinations arose from the acquisition of an assembled workforce and anticipated synergies expected to be realized. For the business combinations occurring during the twelve months ended January 31, 2020, the Company recognized a customer relationship intangible asset of $0.2 million, a non-competition
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intangible asset of $0.1 million, and a distribution rights intangible asset of $1.6 million. For the business combinations occurring during the nine months ended October 31, 2020, the Company recognized a non-competition intangible asset of $0.1 million, and a distribution rights intangible asset of $0.2 million. The customer relationship and non-competition assets will be amortized over periods ranging from three to five years. The distribution rights assets are indefinite-lived intangible assets not subject to amortization. The Company estimated the fair value of the intangible assets using a multi-period excess earnings model, which is an income approach. Acquisition related costs were not material for the nine months ended October 31, 2020 or 2019, and have been expensed as incurred and recognized as operating expenses in the consolidated statements of operations.
NOTE 17 - CONTINGENCIES
    On October 11, 2017, the Romania Competition Council (“RCC”) initiated an administrative investigation of the Romanian Association of Manufacturers and Importers of Agricultural Machinery (“APIMAR”) and all its members, including Titan Machinery Romania. The RCC's investigation involves whether the APIMAR members engaged in anti-competitive practices in their sales of agricultural machinery not involving European Union ("EU") subvention funding programs, by referring to the published sales prices governing EU subvention funded transactions, which prices are mandatorily disclosed to and published by AFIR, a Romanian government agency that oversees the EU subvention funding programs in Romania. The investigation is in a preliminary stage and the Company is currently unable to predict its outcome or reasonably estimate any potential loss that may result from the investigation.
    The Company is also engaged in other legal proceedings incidental to the normal course of business. Due to their nature, such legal proceedings involve inherent uncertainties, including but not limited to, court rulings, negotiations between affected parties and governmental intervention. Based upon the information available to the Company and discussions with legal counsel, it is the Company's opinion that the outcome of these various legal actions and claims will not have a material impact on the financial position, results of operations or cash flows. These matters, however, are subject to many uncertainties, and the outcome of any matter is not predictable with assurance.
NOTE 18 - SEGMENT INFORMATION
The Company has 3 reportable segments: Agriculture, Construction and International. Revenue between segments is immaterial. The Company retains various unallocated income/(expense) items and assets at the general corporate level, which the Company refers to as “Shared Resources” in the table below. Shared Resources assets primarily consist of cash and property and equipment.
Certain financial information for each of the Company’s business segments is set forth below.
 Three Months Ended October 31,Nine Months Ended October 31,
 2020201920202019
 (in thousands)(in thousands)
Revenue
Agriculture$220,625 $214,073 $583,326 $533,538 
Construction79,030 78,031 216,862 232,813 
International61,217 68,832 174,357 187,856 
Total$360,872 $360,936 $974,545 $954,207 
Income (Loss) Before Income Taxes
Agriculture$13,575 $10,259 $26,490 $18,312 
Construction1,448 347 (50)(541)
International(2,424)2,061 (3,136)2,783 
Segment income before income taxes12,599 12,667 23,304 20,554 
Shared Resources1,225 (258)1,961 (1,233)
Total$13,824 $12,409 $25,265 $19,321 
 
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October 31, 2020January 31, 2020
 (in thousands)
Total Assets
Agriculture$421,556 $444,942 
Construction232,236 275,645 
International189,239 191,513 
Segment assets843,031 912,100 
Shared Resources57,825 63,243 
Total$900,856 $975,343 

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ITEM 2.                       MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
 
The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our interim unaudited consolidated financial statements and related notes included in Item 1 of Part I of this Quarterly Report, and the audited consolidated financial statements and related notes thereto and Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2020. 
Overview
We own and operate a network of full service agricultural and construction equipment stores in the United States and Europe. Based upon information provided to us by CNH Industrial N.V. or its U.S. subsidiary CNH Industrial America, LLC, we are the largest retail dealer of Case IH Agriculture equipment in the world, the largest retail dealer of Case Construction equipment in North America and a major retail dealer of New Holland Agriculture and New Holland Construction equipment in the U.S. We operate our business through three reportable segments: Agriculture, Construction and International. Within each segment, we have four principal sources of revenue: new and used equipment sales, parts sales, service, and equipment rental and other activities.
Demand for agricultural equipment and, to a lesser extent, parts and service support, are impacted by agricultural commodity prices and net farm income. Based on September 2020 U.S. Department of Agriculture publications, the estimate of net farm income for calendar year 2020 indicated an approximate 22.7% increase as compared to calendar year 2019, and an approximate 3.0% increase in net farm income for calendar year 2019, as compared to calendar year 2018.
For the third quarter of fiscal 2021, our net income was $9.9 million, or $0.44 per diluted share, compared to a fiscal 2020 third quarter net income of $8.2 million, or $0.37 per diluted share. Our adjusted diluted earnings per share was $0.58 for the third quarter of fiscal 2021, compared to $0.48 for the third quarter of fiscal 2020. See the Non-GAAP Financial Measures section below for a reconciliation of adjusted diluted earnings per share to diluted earnings per share, the most comparable GAAP financial measure. Significant factors impacting the quarterly comparisons were:
Revenue in the third quarter of fiscal 2021 was flat compared to the third quarter of fiscal 2020. Increased revenue from parts and service was offset by lower equipment and rental and other revenue. Total same store sales were down 2.1% compared to the prior year third quarter as the Northwood (ND) location was acquired late in the third quarter of fiscal 2020 and the Scottsbluff (NE), Sidney (NE) and Torrington (WY) locations were acquired in the second quarter of fiscal 2021. Parts and service revenue within our Agriculture segment in the third quarter of fiscal 2020 was positively impacted by good harvest conditions throughout most of our footprint.
Impairments in the third quarter of fiscal 2021 were $2.6 million compared to $0.1 million in the third quarter of fiscal 2020. The increase was attributable to the impairment of goodwill and other intangible assets in one of our International reporting units.
Operating expenses decreased 7.0% compared to the third quarter of fiscal 2020 despite adding the four acquired locations. This was achieved through managed expense reductions, primarily in the Construction and International segments, and lower expenses in all segments due to the COVID-19 pandemic such as reduced travel and fuel expenses.
Floorplan and other interest expense decreased a combined 29.4% in the third quarter of fiscal 2021, as compared to the third quarter last year, due to an overall lower interest rate environment, a lower interest rate spread under our new five-year Bank Syndicate Agreement that was finalized in April 2020, and a lower borrowings on our line of credit.
Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Company
In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared the outbreak of COVID-19 a pandemic, and the President of the United States declared the COVID-19 outbreak as a national emergency. The nature of COVID-19 led to worldwide shutdowns and halting of commercial and interpersonal activity as governments imposed regulations in efforts to control the spread of the pandemic, such as shelter-in-place orders and quarantines. The pandemic is a highly fluid and rapidly evolving situation, and we cannot anticipate with any certainty the length, scope, or severity of such restrictions in each of the markets that we operate. See Item 1A. Risk Factors for more information on possible impacts.
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Since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, the safety of our employees and customers has been and continues to be our top concern. At the onset of the pandemic, we organized a COVID Task Force to implement safety protocols and to quickly respond to matters related to the pandemic at our locations.
Even though we are considered an essential business, in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Company closed its U.S. stores to the public in March 2020 but continued operations through social distancing means in all areas: equipment, parts, service and rental. Beginning in May 2020, we began fully reopening our stores to the public, following pandemic safety protocols, and by June 2020 all of our locations were once again open to the public. Additionally, our International stores have also been following pandemic safety protocols set forth by each country and local government authority, which at times have included border shutdowns and curfew regulations.
With the number of cases within our footprint on the rise throughout the third quarter of fiscal 2021, we continue to follow the requirements of the local authorities for each of our locations to determine mandates and social distancing policies. As a result of some of the improvements we have made since the beginning of the pandemic, such as physical barriers, cleaning policies, social distancing, and mask mandates, the Company has no plans to close all of its U.S. stores to the public as we did in the spring of fiscal 2021. Any such decision to close a U.S. store to the public, if it is made, will be determined on a location by location basis so as to protect our employees and customers while continuing to provide customers with the service expected from the Company.
We believe that each of our business segments, has been and will continue to be, impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic to varying degrees, although the actual ultimate impact has been and will continue to be subject to many variables and uncertainties many of which are currently unknown or outside of our control.
Agriculture
Overall, we believe COVID-19 has created challenging industry conditions resulting in supply chain disruptions affecting areas such as ethanol, livestock and international trade. These conditions impacted agricultural commodities early in the year, but were later offset by other more positive macro conditions, such as U.S. crop production and increased commodity exports. The variability in commodity prices makes it difficult to estimate the extent and timing of this impact on our equipment sales. However, we believe our parts and service business has been less negatively impacted by COVID-19, as our customers are continuing to experience wear and tear on their equipment. Also, offsetting some of the challenges in the agriculture industry will be government support programs for our farm customers, such as the $16 billion Coronavirus Food Assistance Program (CFAP).
Construction
We believe all revenue categories of equipment, parts, service and rental have been negatively impacted in this segment as a result of COVID-19, with such effects expected to continue as long as pandemic related macroeconomic stress and uncertainties persist. Examples of such macroeconomic stressors include: lower oil prices, higher unemployment, lower GDP, and reduced government spending on infrastructure projects. We believe all of these factors have lead to lower overall U.S. construction spending.
International
In addition to the industry challenges indicated for our Agriculture segment, our International segment is also being negatively impacted by border shutdowns, timing of equipment shipments and, from time to time, more stringent in-country pandemic regulations. We believe all revenue categories in this segment have been more negatively impacted than our Agriculture segment because of these additional challenges and the general lack of government support programs for our International farm customers.
Acquisitions
Fiscal 2021
On May 4, 2020, the Company acquired certain assets of HorizonWest Inc. This acquired Case IH agriculture dealership complex consisted of three agriculture equipment stores in Scottsbluff and Sidney, Nebraska and Torrington, Wyoming, which expanded the Company's agriculture presence in Nebraska and into Wyoming. The total consideration transferred for the acquired business was $6.8 million paid in cash, which the Company financed through available cash resources and capacity under our existing floorplan payable and other credit facilities. The three HorizonWest dealerships are included within our Agriculture segment.
Fiscal 2020
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    On October 1, 2019, we acquired certain assets of Uglem-Ness Co., a single store Case IH agriculture equipment dealership in Northwood, North Dakota. The acquisition continues our strategy of acquiring dealerships in agriculture markets contiguous to our current North American agriculture stores. The service area of Uglem-Ness is contiguous to our existing locations in Grand Forks and Casselton, North Dakota and Ada, Minnesota. The total consideration paid in the acquisition was $10.9 million, which the Company financed through available cash resources and capacity under our existing floorplan payable and other credit facilities. The Northwood, ND dealership is included within our Agriculture segment.
ERP Transition
The Company is in the process of converting to a new Enterprise Resource Planning ("ERP") application. The new ERP application is expected to provide data-driven and mobile-enabled sales and support tools to improve employee efficiency and deliver an enhanced customer experience. The Company integrated one pilot store on the new ERP system in the second quarter of fiscal 2021 and expects all domestic stores to be migrated to the new ERP during the second or third quarter of fiscal 2022. We have prospectively adjusted the useful life of our current ERP application such that it will be fully amortized upon its estimated replacement date.
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
Our critical accounting policies and estimates are included in the Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations section of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2020. Other than the adoption of the accounting standards for current expected credit loss and the standard for cloud computing described in Note 1 to our consolidated financial statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, there have been no changes in our critical accounting policies since January 31, 2020.
Results of Operations
The results presented below include the operating results of any acquisition made during these periods as well as the operating results of any stores closed during these periods, up to the date of the store closure. The period-to-period comparisons included below are not necessarily indicative of future results. Segment information is provided later in the discussion and analysis of our results of operations.
Same-store sales for any period represent sales by stores that were part of the Company for the entire comparable period in the current and preceding fiscal years. We do not distinguish between relocated or recently expanded stores in this same-store analysis. Closed stores are excluded from the same-store analysis. Stores that do not meet the criteria for same-store classification are described as excluded stores throughout the Results of Operations section in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
Comparative financial data for each of our four sources of revenue are expressed below.
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 Three Months Ended October 31,Nine Months Ended October 31,
 2020201920202019
 (dollars in thousands)(dollars in thousands)
Equipment  
Revenue$240,901 $245,986 $662,060 $654,376 
Cost of revenue215,770 219,484 593,048 583,345 
Gross profit$25,131 $26,502 $69,012 $71,031 
Gross profit margin10.4 %10.8 %10.4 %10.9 %
Parts
Revenue$76,778 $70,788 $194,846 $181,928 
Cost of revenue53,556 49,834 136,205 128,380 
Gross profit$23,222 $20,954 $58,641 $53,548 
Gross profit margin30.2 %29.6 %30.1 %29.4 %
Service
Revenue$30,696 $27,553 $84,282 $77,215 
Cost of revenue10,254 8,950 28,263 25,170 
Gross profit$20,442 $18,603 $56,019 $52,045 
Gross profit margin66.6 %67.5 %66.5 %67.4 %
Rental and other
Revenue$12,497 $16,609 $33,357 $40,688 
Cost of revenue8,741 10,894 23,379 27,612 
Gross profit$3,756 $5,715 $9,978 $13,076 
Gross profit margin30.1 %34.4 %29.9 %32.1 %
The following table sets forth our statements of operations data expressed as a percentage of total revenue for the periods indicated:
 Three Months Ended October 31,Nine Months Ended October 31,
 2020201920202019
Revenue  
Equipment66.8 %68.2 %67.9 %68.6 %
Parts21.3 %19.6 %20.0 %19.1 %
Service8.5 %7.6 %8.6 %8.1 %
Rental and other3.5 %4.6 %3.4 %4.3 %
Total Revenue100.0 %100.0 %100.0 %100.0 %
Total Cost of Revenue79.9 %80.1 %80.1 %80.1 %
Gross Profit Margin20.1 %19.9 %19.9 %19.9 %
Operating Expenses15.0 %16.1 %16.4 %17.4 %
Impairment of Goodwill0.4 %— %0.1 %— %
Impairment of Intangible and Long-Lived Assets0.3 %— %0.1 %— %
Income from Operations4.4 %3.8 %3.1 %2.5 %
Other Income (Expense)(0.6)%(0.3)%(0.6)%(0.5)%
Income Before Income Taxes3.8 %3.4 %2.6 %2.0 %
Provision for Income Taxes1.1 %1.2 %0.7 %0.6 %
Net Income2.7 %2.3 %1.9 %1.4 %

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Three Months Ended October 31, 2020 Compared to Three Months Ended October 31, 2019
Consolidated Results
Revenue
 Three Months Ended October 31,Increase/Percent
 20202019(Decrease)Change
 (dollars in thousands) 
Equipment$240,901 $245,986 $(5,085)(2.1)%
Parts76,778 70,788 5,990 8.5 %
Service30,696 27,553 3,143 11.4 %
Rental and other12,497 16,609 (4,112)(24.8)%
Total Revenue$360,872 $360,936 $(64)— %
     Total revenue for the third quarter of fiscal 2021 was virtually flat compared to the third quarter of fiscal 2020. Increased revenue from parts and service was offset by lower equipment and rental and other revenue. Company-wide same-store sales in the third quarter of fiscal 2021 decreased 2.1% versus the comparable period in fiscal 2020. The most significant decrease in same store sales occurred in the International segment with same-store sales decreasing 11.1% from the prior year quarter.
Gross Profit
 Three Months Ended October 31,Increase/Percent
 20202019(Decrease)Change
 (dollars in thousands) 
Gross Profit
Equipment$25,131 $26,502 $(1,371)(5.2)%
Parts23,222 20,954 2,268 10.8 %
Service20,442 18,603 1,839 9.9 %
Rental and other3,756 5,715 (1,958)(34.3)%
Total Gross Profit$72,551 $71,774 $778 1.1 %
Gross Profit Margin
Equipment10.4 %10.8 %(0.4)%(3.7)%
Parts30.2 %29.6 %0.6 %2.0 %
Service66.6 %67.5 %(0.9)%(1.3)%
Rental and other30.1 %34.4 %(4.3)%(12.5)%
Total Gross Profit Margin20.1 %19.9 %0.2 %1.0 %
Gross Profit Mix
Equipment34.6 %36.9 %(2.3)%(6.2)%
Parts32.0 %29.2 %2.8 %9.6 %
Service28.2 %25.9 %2.3 %8.9 %
Rental and other5.2 %8.0 %(2.8)%(35.0)%
Total Gross Profit Mix100.0 %100.0 %
     Gross profit for the third quarter of fiscal 2021 increased 1.1% or $0.8 million, as compared to the same period last year. Gross profit margin also improved to 20.1% in the current quarter from 19.9% in the prior year quarter. The increase in gross profit and gross profit margin was primarily the result of a change in gross profit mix resulting from a greater percentage of revenue generated by our higher margin parts and service businesses.
Our company-wide absorption rate — which is calculated by dividing our gross profit from sales of parts, service and rental fleet by our operating expenses, less commission expense on equipment sales, plus interest expense on floorplan payables and rental fleet debt — increased to 94.2% for the third quarter of fiscal 2021 compared to 82.6% during the same period last year as the increase in gross profit from parts and service in the third quarter of fiscal 2021 combined with lower operating and floorplan interest expenses generated the improved absorption rate compared to that of the prior year quarter.
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Operating Expenses
 Three Months Ended October 31,Increase/Percent
 20202019(Decrease)Change
 (dollars in thousands) 
Operating Expenses$54,115 $58,184 $(4,069)(7.0)%
Operating Expenses as a Percentage of Revenue15.0 %16.1 %(1.1)%(6.8)%
Our operating expenses in the third quarter of fiscal 2021 decreased 7.0%, as compared to the third quarter of fiscal 2020. The increased operating expenses of four acquired locations, which were not in the prior year quarter, were more than offset by managed expense reductions in our Construction and International segments and various lower operating expenses caused by COVID-19 such as reduced travel and fuel costs. Operating expenses as a percentage of revenue decreased to 15.0% in the third quarter of fiscal 2021 from 16.1% in the third quarter of fiscal 2020.
Impairment Charges
Three Months Ended October 31,Increase/Percent
20202019DecreaseChange
(dollars in thousands)
Impairment of Goodwill$1,453 $— $1,453 100.0%
Impairment of Intangible and Long-Lived Assets1,103 51 1,052 n/m
    We recognized $1.5 million in impairment expense related to certain goodwill assets in our International segment in the third quarter of fiscal 2021. We also recognized impairment expense related to other intangible assets and long-lived assets of $1.1 million primarily in our International segment during the same period. The total impairment expense of $2.6 million is an increase compared to the impairment expense in third quarter of fiscal 2020 of $0.1 million.
Other Income (Expense)
 Three Months Ended October 31,Increase/Percent
 20202019(Decrease)Change
 (dollars in thousands) 
Interest and other income (expense)$(360)$1,273 $(1,633)n/m
Floorplan interest expense(757)(1,448)(691)(47.7)%
Other interest expense(940)(955)(15)(1.6)%
Floorplan interest expense decreased 47.7% in the third quarter of fiscal 2021, as compared to the third quarter of fiscal 2020, due to an overall lower interest rate environment, a lower interest rate spread under our new five-year Bank Syndicate Agreement that was finalized in April 2020, and lower borrowings on our line of credit. The decrease in Interest and other income (expense) was primarily due to foreign currency remeasurement losses in Ukraine, resulting from a devaluation of the Ukrainian hyrvnia in the third quarter of fiscal 2021.
Provision for Income Taxes
 Three Months Ended October 31,Increase/Percent
 20202019(Decrease)Change
 (dollars in thousands) 
Provision for Income Taxes$3,912 $4,195 $(283)(6.7)%
     Our effective tax rate was 28.3% for the third quarter of fiscal 2021 and 33.8% for the third quarter of fiscal 2020. In the current quarter our effective tax rate differed from the 21.0% domestic federal statutory tax rate primarily due to the impact of state taxes, share-based payments, foreign currency fluctuations on our Ukrainian business and a partial valuation allowance recorded on the deferred tax assets of our Germany entity.
Segment Results
Certain financial information for our Agriculture, Construction and International business segments is presented below. “Shared Resources” in the table below refers to the various unallocated income/(expense) items that we have retained at the general corporate level. Revenue between segments is immaterial.
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 Three Months Ended October 31,Increase/Percent
 20202019(Decrease)Change
 (dollars in thousands) 
Revenue
Agriculture$220,625 $214,073 $6,552 3.1 %
Construction79,030 78,031 999 1.3 %
International61,217 68,832 (7,615)(11.1)%
Total$360,872 $360,936 $(64)— %
Income (Loss) Before Income Taxes
Agriculture$13,575 $10,259 $3,316 32.3 %
Construction1,448 347 1,101 n/m
International(2,424)2,061 (4,485)n/m
Segment income before income taxes12,599 12,667 (68)(0.5)%
Shared Resources1,225 (258)1,483 n/m
Total$13,824 $12,409 $1,415 11.4 %
Agriculture 
Agriculture segment revenue for the third quarter of fiscal 2021 increased 3.1% compared to the third quarter of fiscal 2020. The higher revenue was driven by increases in our parts and service businesses. Parts and service revenue continued to benefit from an aging customer fleet and all sources of revenue in this segment benefited from the addition of four locations that were not included in the full prior year quarter. Parts and service also benefited in the quarter from good harvest conditions throughout much of our footprint in the quarter. Same-store sales of our Agriculture segment decreased 1.3% for the third quarter of fiscal 2021 as compared to the third quarter of fiscal 2020.
Agriculture segment income before income taxes was $13.6 million for the third quarter of fiscal 2021 compared to $10.3 million for the third quarter of fiscal 2020. The improvement in segment results was primarily due to the higher parts and service revenue as well as the addition of the four acquired locations. Increased operating expenses for the quarter were partially offset by a decrease in traveling expenses due to COVID-19. Lower floorplan and other interest expense for the third quarter of fiscal 2021, as compared to the third quarter of fiscal 2020, also contributed to the improvement in segment results.
Construction
Construction segment revenue for the third quarter of fiscal 2021 increased 1.3% compared to the third quarter of fiscal 2020. The higher revenue was driven by increases in our equipment sales, as compared to the prior year’s third quarter. This increase was partially offset by lower rental and other revenue, which was down due to a smaller fleet and lower utilization compared to the prior year driven by more difficult industry conditions such as lower oil prices and a general slowdown in the economy due to COVID-19. Higher revenues were offset by the divestiture of the Albuquerque, New Mexico store in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020. Same-store sales of our Construction segment increased 3.6% for the third quarter of fiscal 2021, as compared to the third quarter of fiscal 2020.
Our Construction segment income before taxes was $1.4 million for the third quarter of fiscal 2021 compared to $0.3 million in the third quarter of fiscal 2020. Lower gross profits in this segment were more than offset by managed operating expense reductions and interest expense savings compared to that of the prior year. The dollar utilization — which is calculated by dividing the rental revenue earned on our rental fleet by the average gross carrying value of our rental fleet (comprised of original equipment costs plus additional capitalized costs) for that period — of our rental fleet decreased from 30.4% in the third quarter of fiscal 2020 to 25.7% in the third quarter of fiscal 2021.
International
    International segment revenue and same-store sales, for the third quarter of fiscal 2021 decreased 11.1% compared to the third quarter of fiscal 2020. All primary sources of revenue — equipment, parts and service — declined for the segment's third quarter of fiscal 2021, as compared to the prior year's third quarter. Lower segment revenue was driven by decreased customer demand due to below average yields in certain areas of our International footprint as well as overall challenging economic and business conditions due to COVID-19.
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Our International segment loss before income taxes was $2.4 million for the third quarter of fiscal 2021 compared to segment income of $2.1 million for the same period last year. The decrease in segment income was the result of lower revenues and impairment of goodwill and other intangible assets in our Germany reporting unit. In the third quarter of fiscal 2020, the International segment was positively impacted by foreign currency gains resulting from a strengthening U.S. dollar relative to the Euro and a strengthening Ukrainian hryvnia relative to the U.S. dollar.
Shared Resources/Eliminations
We incur centralized expenses/income at our general corporate level, which we refer to as “Shared Resources,” and then allocate most of these net expenses to our segments. Since these allocations are set early in the year, and a portion is planned to be unallocated, unallocated balances may occur. Shared Resources income before income taxes was $1.2 million for the third quarter of fiscal 2021 compared to a loss before income taxes of $0.3 million for the same period last year. The increase in Shared Resources income was the result of operating expense reductions due to COVID-19 as well as interest expense reductions due to a lower interest rate environment and lower borrowings, compared to the same period last year.
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Nine Months Ended October 31, 2020 Compared to Nine Months Ended October 31, 2019
Consolidated Results
Revenue 
 Nine Months Ended October 31,Increase/Percent
 20202019(Decrease)Change
 (dollars in thousands) 
Equipment$662,060 $654,376 $7,684 1.2 %
Parts194,846 181,928 12,918 7.1 %
Service84,282 77,215 7,067 9.2 %
Rental and other33,357 40,688 (7,331)(18.0)%
Total Revenue$974,545 $954,207 $20,338 2.1 %
Total revenue for the first nine months of fiscal 2021 was up 2.1% or $20.3 million compared to the first nine months of fiscal 2020, and was driven by increases in revenue from our equipment, parts and service businesses. These increases occurred in our Agriculture segment but were partially offset by lower revenue in our Construction and International segments. Company-wide same-store sales increased 0.5% over the comparable prior year period. Same-store sale increases in our Agriculture segment more than offset the decreases in same-store sales in our other two segments. Our total revenue increase was also positively impacted by the addition of the four acquired locations.
Gross Profit
 Nine Months Ended October 31,Increase/Percent
 20202019(Decrease)Change
 (dollars in thousands) 
Gross Profit
Equipment$69,012 $71,031 $(2,019)(2.8)%
Parts58,641 53,548 5,093 9.5 %
Service56,019 52,045 3,974 7.6 %
Rental and other9,978 13,076 (3,097)(23.7)%
Total Gross Profit$193,650 $189,700 $3,951 2.1 %
Gross Profit Margin
Equipment10.4 %10.9 %(0.5)%(4.6)%
Parts30.1 %29.4 %0.7 %2.4 %
Service66.5 %67.4 %(0.9)%(1.3)%
Rental and other29.9 %32.1 %(2.2)%(6.9)%
Total Gross Profit Margin19.9 %19.9 %— %— %
Gross Profit Mix
Equipment35.6 %37.4 %(1.8)%(4.8)%
Parts30.3 %28.2 %2.1 %7.4 %
Service28.9 %27.4 %1.5 %5.5 %
Rental and other5.2 %7.0 %(1.8)%(25.7)%
Total Gross Profit Mix100.0 %100.0 %
     The $4.0 million increase in gross profit for the first nine months of fiscal 2021, as compared to the same period last year, was primarily due to higher parts and service revenue for the first nine months of fiscal 2021 partially offset by lower equipment margins and lower revenues in our rental and other business.
Our company-wide absorption rate for the first nine months of fiscal 2021 increased to 82.7% as compared to 76.1% during the same period last year as the increase in gross profit from parts and service combined with lower operating expenses and lower floorplan interest expense generated the improved absorption rate compared to that of the prior year nine month period.

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Operating Expenses
Nine Months Ended October 31,Increase/Percent
20202019(Decrease)Change
(dollars in thousands)
Operating Expenses$160,252 $165,594 $(5,342)(3.2)%
Operating Expenses as a Percentage of Revenue16.4 %17.4 %(1.0)%(5.7)%
    Our operating expenses for the first nine months of fiscal 2021 decreased $5.3 million as compared to the first nine months of fiscal 2020. The increased operating expenses of four acquired locations, which were not in the prior year nine-month period, were more than offset by managed expense reductions in our Construction and International segments and various lower operating expenses caused by COVID-19 such as reduced travel and fuel costs. Operating expenses as a percentage of revenue decreased to 16.4% in the first nine months of fiscal 2021 from 17.4% in the first nine months of fiscal 2020. The decrease in operating expenses as a percentage of total revenue was due to lower expenses combined with the increase in total revenue in the first nine months of fiscal 2021, as compared to the the first nine months of fiscal 2020, which positively affected our ability to leverage our fixed operating costs.
Restructuring Costs
Nine Months Ended October 31,Increase/Percent
20202019DecreaseChange
(dollars in thousands)
Impairment of Goodwill$1,453 $— $1,453 100.0 %
Impairment of Intangible and Long-Lived Assets1,319 186 1,133 n/m
    We recognized $1.5 million in impairment expense related to certain goodwill assets in the International segment in the first nine months of fiscal 2021. We also recognized $1.3 million, primarily in our International segment, and $0.2 million of impairment charges on certain intangible assets and long-lived assets during first nine months of fiscal 2021 and 2020, respectively.
Other Income (Expense)
Nine Months Ended October 31,Increase/Percent
20202019(Decrease)Change
(dollars in thousands)
Interest and other income (expense)$333 $2,687 $(2,354)(87.6)%
Floorplan interest expense(2,811)(3,724)(913)(24.5)%
Other interest expense(2,884)(3,562)(678)(19.0)%
     Floorplan interest expense decreased 24.5% for the first nine months of fiscal 2021, as compared to the same period last year, due to an overall lower interest rate environment as well as a lower interest rate spread under our new five-year Bank Syndicate Agreement that was finalized in April 2020. The decrease in other interest expense in the first nine months of fiscal 2021, as compared to the first nine months of fiscal 2020, is the result of our repayment in full of the outstanding balance of our senior convertible notes in May 2019. The decrease in Interest and other income (expense) in the first nine months of fiscal 2021 as compared to the the same period of fiscal 2020 is primarily the result of differences in foreign currency gains and losses recognized during the periods. The U.S. dollar strengthened relative to the Euro and the Ukrainian hyrvia strengthened relative to the U.S. dollar in fiscal 2020 creating foreign currency gains in fiscal 2020.
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Provision for Income Taxes
Nine Months Ended October 31,Increase/Percent
20202019DecreaseChange
(dollars in thousands)
Provision for Income Taxes$6,691 $6,041 $650 10.8 %
     Our effective tax rate was 26.5% for the first nine months of fiscal 2021 and 31.3% for the same period last year. In the nine-month period of fiscal our effective tax rate differed from the 21.0% domestic federal statutory tax rate primarily due to the impact of state taxes, share-based payments, foreign currency fluctuations on our Ukrainian business and a partial valuation allowance recorded on the deferred tax assets of our Germany entity. The effective tax rate for the first nine months fiscal 2020 was impacted by foreign currency gains recognized as a result of a strengthening Ukrainian hryvnia, which had increased our effective tax rate by approximately seven percentage points for the first nine months of fiscal 2020.
Segment Results
Certain financial information for our Agriculture, Construction and International business segments is presented below. “Shared Resources” in the table below refers to the various unallocated income/(expense) items that we have retained at the general corporate level. Revenue between segments is immaterial.
 Nine Months Ended October 31,Increase/Percent
 20202019(Decrease)Change
 (dollars in thousands) 
Revenue
Agriculture$583,326 $533,538 $49,788 9.3 %
Construction216,862 232,813 (15,951)(6.9)%
International174,357 187,856 (13,499)(7.2)%
Total$974,545 $954,207 $20,338 2.1 %
Income (Loss) Before Income Taxes
Agriculture$26,490 $18,312 $8,178 44.7 %
Construction(50)(541)491 90.8 %
International(3,136)2,783 (5,919)n/m
Segment income before income taxes23,304 20,554 2,750 13.4 %
Shared Resources1,961 (1,233)3,194 n/m
Total$25,265 $19,321 $5,944 30.8 %
Agriculture 
Agriculture segment revenue for the first nine months of fiscal 2021 increased 9.3% compared to the same period last year. We experienced increases across our equipment, parts and service businesses. Equipment sales were supported by replacement demand and the delay of customer purchases from the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020 to the first quarter of the current year due to the late and difficult harvest conditions in areas of our footprint last year. Parts and service revenue continued to benefit from an aging customer fleet and all sources of revenue in this segment benefited from the addition of four locations that were not in the prior year nine-month period. Same-store sales increased 5.1% for the first nine months of fiscal 2021, as compared to the same period last year.
Agriculture segment income before income taxes was $26.5 million for the first nine months of fiscal 2021 compared to $18.3 million over the first nine months of fiscal 2020. The improvement in segment results was the result of increased revenue and a higher mix of higher margin parts and service business, but was partially offset by increased operating expenses due to the addition of four locations.
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Construction
Construction segment revenue for the first nine months of fiscal 2021 decreased 6.9% compared to the same period last year, due to a same-store sales decrease of 4.1% and our divestiture of the Albuquerque, New Mexico store in the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2020. All sources of revenue – equipment, parts, service and rental and other – declined in the current year nine-month period, as compared to the prior year’s nine-month period. The overall lower same-store sales are a result of decreased customer sentiment, lower oil prices, and a general slowdown in the economy due to COVID-19.
Our Construction segment loss before income taxes was $0.1 million for the first nine months of fiscal 2021 compared to $0.5 million for the first nine months of fiscal 2020. The increase in segment results was primarily due to decreased operating and interest expenses partially offset by lower revenues compared to the prior year preiod. The dollar utilization of our rental fleet decreased from 25.5% in the first nine months of fiscal 2020 to 22.2% in the first nine months of fiscal 2021.
International
International segment revenue for the first nine months of fiscal 2021 decreased 7.2% compared to the same period last year as a result of lower equipment sales. Lower segment revenue was driven by decreased customer demand due to below average yields in certain areas of our International footprint as well as overall challenging economic and business conditions due to COVID-19.
Our International segment loss before income taxes was $3.1 million for the first nine months of fiscal 2021 compared to income before income taxes of $2.8 million for the same period last year. The lower segment results were the result of decreased equipment revenue and the resulting negative impact on our ability to leverage our fixed operating costs within this segment and impairment charges. Impairment charges of $2.3 million were recognized in the first nine months of fiscal 2021, related to the impairment of the goodwill balance and a portion of the distribution rights of our Germany reporting unit.
Shared Resources/Eliminations
We incur centralized expenses/income at our general corporate level, which we refer to as “Shared Resources,” and then allocate most of these net expenses to our segments. Since these allocations are set early in the year, and a portion is planned to be unallocated, unallocated balances may occur. Shared Resources income before income taxes was $2.0 million for the first nine months of fiscal 2021 compared to loss before income taxes of $1.2 million for the same period last year. The increase in Shared Resources income was the result of operating expense reductions due to COVID-19 as well as interest expense reductions due to a lower interest rate environment and lower borrowings, compared to the same period last year.
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Non-GAAP Financial Measures
    To supplement net income and diluted earnings per share ("Diluted EPS"), both GAAP measures, we present adjusted net income and adjusted Diluted EPS, both non-GAAP measures, which include adjustments for valuation allowances for income tax, ERP transition costs, impairment charges and foreign currency remeasurement in Ukraine resulting from valuation changes of the Ukrainian hryvnia. We believe that the presentation of adjusted net income and adjusted Diluted EPS is relevant and useful to our management and investors because it provides a measurement of earnings on activities that we consider to occur in the ordinary course of our business. Adjusted net income and adjusted Diluted EPS should be evaluated in addition to, and not considered a substitute for, or superior to, the most comparable GAAP measure. In addition, other companies may calculate these non-GAAP measures in a different manner, which may hinder comparability of our adjusted results with those of other companies.
    The following tables reconcile (i) net income, a GAAP measure, to adjusted net income and (ii) Diluted EPS, a GAAP measure, to adjusted Diluted EPS:
Three Months Ended October 31,Nine Months Ended October 31,
2020201920202019
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)
Adjusted Net Income
Net Income$9,912 $8,214 $18,574 $13,280 
Adjustments
ERP transition costs765 2,062 2,250 4,778 
Impairment charges2,555 51 2,771 186 
Ukraine remeasurement (gain) / loss339 (435)974 (588)
Total Pre-Tax Adjustments3,659 1,678 5,995 4,376 
Less: Tax Effect of Adjustments (1)1,566 (846)2,613 (417)
Plus: Income Tax Valuation Allowance1,018 — 1,018 — 
Total Adjustments3,111 2,524 4,400 4,793 
Adjusted Net Income$13,023 $10,738 $22,974 $18,073 
Adjusted Diluted EPS
Diluted EPS$0.44 $0.37 $0.83 $0.60 
Adjustments (2)
ERP transition costs0.03 0.09 0.10 0.21 
Impairment charges0.11 — 0.12 0.01 
Ukraine remeasurement (gain) / loss0.02 (0.02)0.04 (0.03)
Total Pre-Tax Adjustments0.16 0.07 0.26 0.19 
Less: Tax Effect of Adjustments (1)0.07 (0.04)0.12 (0.02)
Plus: Income Tax Valuation Allowance0.05 — 0.05 — 
Total Adjustments0.14 0.11 0.19 0.21 
Adjusted Diluted EPS$0.58 $0.48 $1.02 $0.81 
(1) The tax effect of U.S. related adjustments was calculated using a 26% tax rate, determined based on a 21% federal statutory rate and a 5% blended state income tax rate. The tax effect of the Germany related adjustments was calculated using a 29% tax rate. Included in the tax effect of the adjustments is the tax impact of foreign currency changes in Ukraine of $0.7 million for the three months ended October 31, 2020 and $1.3 million for the nine months ended October 31, 2020.
(2) Adjustments are net of amounts allocated to participating securities where applicable.

Liquidity and Capital Resources
Sources of Liquidity
    Our primary sources of liquidity are cash reserves, cash generated from operations, and borrowings under our floorplan and other credit facilities. We expect these sources of liquidity to be sufficient to fund our working capital requirements, acquisitions, capital expenditures and other investments in our business, service our debt, pay our tax and lease
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obligations and other commitments and contingencies, and meet any seasonal operating requirements for the foreseeable future, provided that our borrowing capacity under our credit agreements is dependent on compliance with various covenants as further described in the "Risk Factors" section of our Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Equipment Inventory and Floorplan Payable Credit Facilities
    As of October 31, 2020, the Company had floorplan payable lines of credit for equipment purchases totaling $765.0 million, which is primarily comprised of a $450.0 million credit facility with CNH Industrial, a $185.0 million floorplan payable line under the Bank Syndicate Agreement, and a $60.0 million credit facility with DLL Finance.
    Our equipment inventory turnover decreased from 1.7 times for the four-quarter period ended October 31, 2019 to 1.6 times for the four-quarter period ended October 31, 2020. The decrease in equipment turnover was attributable to a slight decrease in equipment sales and a slight increase in our rolling 12 month average equipment inventory over the four-quarter period ended October 31, 2020 as compared to the four-quarter period ended October 31, 2019. Our equity in equipment inventory, which reflects the portion of our equipment inventory balance that is not financed by floorplan payables, increased to 36.0% as of October 31, 2020 from 27.9% as of January 31, 2020. The increase was due to cash generated from operating activities used to pay down floorplan payables.
Long-Term Debt
     During the third quarter of fiscal 2020, the Company reclassified the Wells Fargo working capital line of credit outstanding, which had a maturity date of October 28, 2020, from long-term debt to current maturities of long-term debt. During the first quarter of fiscal of 2021, the Company entered into an amended and restated five year credit agreement. As a result, the working capital line of credit outstanding of $10 million under the prior credit facility was reclassified from current maturities of long-term debt to long-term debt.
Adequacy of Capital Resources
Our primary uses of cash have been to fund our operating activities, including the purchase of inventories and providing for other working capital needs, meeting our debt service requirements, making payments due under our various leasing arrangements, and funding capital expenditures, including rental fleet assets. Based on our current operational performance, we believe our cash flow from operations, available cash and available borrowing capacity under our existing credit facilities will adequately provide for our liquidity needs for, at a minimum, the next 12 months.
As of October 31, 2020, we were in compliance with the financial covenants under our CNH Industrial and DLL Finance credit agreements and we were not subject to the fixed charge coverage ratio covenant under the Bank Syndicate Agreement as our adjusted excess availability plus eligible cash collateral (as defined therein) was not less than 15% of the lesser of (i) aggregate borrowing base and (ii) maximum credit amount as of October 31, 2020. While not expected to occur, if anticipated operating results were to create the likelihood of a future covenant violation, we would expect to work with our lenders on an appropriate modification or amendment to our financing arrangements.
Cash Flow
Cash Flow Provided by (Used for) Operating Activities
    Net cash provided by operating activities was $60.8 million for the first nine months of fiscal 2021, compared to net cash used for operating activities of $8.3 million for the first nine months of fiscal 2020. The change in net cash provided by (used for) operating activities is primarily the result of a reduction in inventory for the first nine months of fiscal 2021.
    We evaluate our cash flow from operating activities net of all floorplan activity and maintaining a constant level of equity in our equipment inventory. Taking these adjustments into account, our adjusted cash flow provided by operating activities was $56.5 million for the first nine months of fiscal 2021 compared to an adjusted cash flow used for operating activities of $35.0 million for the first nine months of fiscal 2020. The change in adjusted cash flow provided by (used for) operating activities is primarily the result of increased equipment inventory stocking during the previous fiscal year compared to reducing inventories during the first nine months of fiscal 2021. See the Adjusted Cash Flow Reconciliation below for a reconciliation of adjusted cash flow used for operating activities to the GAAP measure of cash flow used for operating activities.
Cash Flow Used for Investing Activities
    Net cash used for investing activities was $22.2 million for the first nine months of fiscal 2021, compared to $30.8 million for the first nine months of fiscal 2020. The decrease in cash used for investing activities was primarily the result of a
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decreased level of rental fleet purchases and a decrease in cash paid for acquisitions in the purchase of equipment dealerships for the first nine months of fiscal 2021 compared to the same period last year.
Cash Flow Provided by (Used for) Financing Activities
Net cash used for financing activities was $40.8 million for the first nine months of fiscal 2021 compared to cash provided by financing activities of $34.9 million for the first nine months of fiscal 2020. The decrease in cash provided by financing activities was primarily the result of a decrease in proceeds from non-manufacturer floorplan as well as a decrease in proceeds from long term debt borrowings in the first nine months of fiscal 2021 compared to the same period last year. The cash provided by financing activities in fiscal 2020 was partially offset by the repayment of the senior convertible notes.
Adjusted Cash Flow Reconciliation
    We consider our cash flow from operating activities to include all equipment inventory financing activity regardless of whether we obtain the financing from a manufacturer or other source. GAAP requires the cash flows associated with non-manufacturer floorplan payables to be recognized as financing cash flows in the consolidated statement of cash flows. We consider equipment inventory financing with both manufacturers and other sources to be part of the normal operations of our business. We also evaluate our cash flow from operating activities by assuming a constant level of equity in our equipment inventory. Our equity in our equipment inventory reflects the portion of our equipment inventory balance that is not financed by floorplan payables. Our adjustment to maintain a constant level of equity in our equipment inventory is equal to the difference between our actual level of equity in equipment inventory at each period-end as presented in the consolidated balance sheets compared to the actual level of equity in equipment inventory at the beginning of the fiscal year. We refer to this measure of cash flow as Adjusted Cash Flow.
    Our equity in equipment inventory increased to 36.0% as of October 31, 2020 from 27.9% as of January 31, 2020, and decreased to 18.0% as of October 31, 2019 from 34.4% as of January 31, 2019.
    Adjusted Cash Flow is a non-GAAP financial measure. We believe that the presentation of Adjusted Cash Flow is relevant and useful to our investors because it provides information on activities we consider to be the normal operation of our business, regardless of financing source and level of financing for our equipment inventory. The following table reconciles net cash provided by (used for) operating activities, a GAAP measure, to adjusted net cash provided by (used for) operating activities and net cash provided by (used for) financing activities, a GAAP measure, to adjusted net cash provided by (used for) financing activities.
 Net Cash Provided by (Used for) Operating Activities Net Cash Provided by (Used for) Financing Activities
Nine Months Ended October 31, 2020Nine Months Ended October 31, 2019Nine Months Ended October 31, 2020Nine Months Ended October 31, 2019
 (in thousands) (in thousands)
Cash Flow, As Reported$60,814 $(8,289)$(40,779)$34,902 
Adjustment for Non-Manufacturer Floorplan(40,779)62,387 40,779 (62,387)
Adjustment for Constant Equity in Equipment Inventory36,477 (89,076)— — 
Adjusted Cash Flow$56,512 $(34,978)$— $(27,485)
Certain Information Concerning Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
As of October 31, 2020, we did not have any relationships with unconsolidated entities or financial partnerships, such as entities often referred to as structured finance or special purpose entities, which would have been established for the purpose of facilitating off-balance sheet arrangements or other contractually narrow or limited purposes. We are, therefore, not exposed to any financing, liquidity, market or credit risk that could arise if we had engaged in these relationships.
FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
The Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 provides a “safe harbor” for forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements are contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, including in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” as well as in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended January 31, 2020, and in other materials filed or to be filed by the Company with the Securities and Exchange Commission (and included in oral statements or other written statements made or to be made by the Company).
Forward-looking statements are statements based on future expectations and specifically may include, among other things, statements relating to our expectations regarding exchange rate and interest rate impact on our business, the impact of
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farm income levels on customer demand for agricultural equipment and services, the impact of oil prices on market demand for equipment and services, the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business, the general market conditions of the agricultural and construction industries, equipment inventory levels, discussion of the anticipated implementation date of our new ERP system, and our primary liquidity sources, and the adequacy of our capital resources. Any statements that are not based upon historical facts, including the outcome of events that have not yet occurred and our expectations for future performance, are forward-looking statements. The words “potential,” “believe,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “may,” “could,” “will,” “plan,” “anticipate,” and similar words and expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. Such statements are based upon the current beliefs and expectations of our management. Such forward-looking information involves important risks and uncertainties that could significantly affect anticipated results in the future and, accordingly, such results may differ from those expressed in any forward-looking statements made by or on behalf of the Company. These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, the duration, scope and impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Company's operations and business, adverse market conditions in the agricultural and construction equipment industries, and those matters identified and discussed under the section titled “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K and this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Although we are not aware of any other factors, aside from those discussed in our Form 10-K, that we currently anticipate will cause our forward-looking statements to differ materially from our future actual results, or materially affect the Company’s financial condition or future results, additional risks and uncertainties not currently known to us or that we currently deem to be immaterial may materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and/or operating results.
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ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
We are exposed to various market risks, including changes in interest rates and foreign currency exchange rates. Market risk is the potential loss arising from adverse changes in market rates and prices, such as interest rates and foreign currency exchange rates.
Interest Rate Risk
Exposure to changes in interest rates results from borrowing activities used to fund operations. For fixed rate debt, interest rate changes affect the fair value of financial instruments but do not impact earnings or cash flows. Conversely, for floating rate debt, interest rate changes generally do not affect the fair market value but do impact future earnings and cash flows, assuming other factors are held constant. We have both fixed and floating rate financing. Some of our floating rate credit facilities contain minimum rates of interest to be charged. Based upon our interest-bearing balances and interest rates as of October 31, 2020, holding other variables constant, a one percentage point increase in interest rates for the next 12-month period would decrease pre-tax earnings and cash flow by approximately $1.3 million. Conversely, a one percentage point decrease in interest rates for the next 12-month period would result in an increase to pre-tax earnings and cash flow of approximately $1.3 million. At October 31, 2020, we had floorplan payables of $287.8 million, of which approximately $123.3 million was variable-rate floorplan payable and $164.6 million was non-interest bearing. In addition, at October 31, 2020, we had total long-term debt, including finance lease obligations, of $64.4 million, of which $10.0 million was variable rate debt and $54.4 million was fixed rate debt.
Foreign Currency Exchange Rate Risk
    Our foreign currency exposures arise as the result of our foreign operations. We are exposed to transactional foreign currency exchange rate risk through our foreign entities’ holding assets and liabilities denominated in currencies other than their functional currency. In addition, the Company is exposed to foreign currency transaction risk as a result of certain intercompany financing transactions. The Company attempts to manage its transactional foreign currency exchange rate risk through the use of derivative financial instruments, primarily foreign exchange forward contracts, or through natural hedging instruments. Based upon balances and exchange rates as of October 31, 2020, holding other variables constant, we believe that a hypothetical 10% increase or decrease in all applicable foreign exchange rates would not have a material impact on our results of operations or cash flows. As of October 31, 2020, our Ukrainian subsidiary had $5.2 million of net monetary assets denominated in Ukrainian hryvnia ("UAH"). We have attempted to minimize our net monetary asset position in Ukraine through reducing overall asset levels in Ukraine and at times through borrowing in UAH which serves as a natural hedging instrument offsetting our net UAH denominated assets. At certain times, currency and payment controls imposed by the National Bank of Ukraine have limited our ability to manage our net monetary asset position.
    In addition to transactional foreign currency exchange rate risk, we are also exposed to translational foreign currency exchange rate risk as we translate the results of operations and assets and liabilities of our foreign operations from their functional currency to the U.S. dollar. As a result, our results of operations, cash flows and net investment in our foreign operations may be adversely impacted by fluctuating foreign currency exchange rates. We believe that a hypothetical 10% increase or decrease in all applicable foreign exchange rates, holding all other variables constant, would not have a material impact on our results of operations or cash flows.
ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
(a)                            ��   Evaluation of disclosure controls and procedures. After evaluating the effectiveness of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures pursuant to Rule 13a-15(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”) as of the end of the period covered by this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, with the participation of the Company’s management, have concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(e)) are effective.
(b)                                Changes in internal controls. There has not been any change in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(f)) during its most recently completed fiscal quarter that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.
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PART II. - OTHER INFORMATION
 
ITEM 1.                LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
    We are, from time to time, subject to claims and suits arising in the ordinary course of business. Such claims have, in the past, generally been covered by insurance. There can be no assurance that our insurance will be adequate to cover all liabilities that may arise out of claims brought against us, or that our insurance will cover all claims. We are not currently a party to any material litigation.
ITEM 1A.             RISK FACTORS
In addition to the other information set forth in this Quarterly Report, including the important information in “Forward-Looking Statements,” you should carefully consider the “Risk Factors” discussed in our Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2020, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Those factors, if they were to occur, could cause our actual results to differ materially from those expressed in our forward-looking statements in this report, and may materially adversely affect our financial condition or future results.
We are supplementing the risk factors described under “Item 1A. Risk Factors” in our 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K with the additional risk factor set forth below, which supplements, and to the extent inconsistent, supersedes such risk factors.
COVID-19 has disrupted, and may continue to disrupt, our business, which could adversely affect our financial performance.
The COVID-19 pandemic has adversely impacted the global economy and disrupted, and may continue to disrupt, our business. Governmental authorities have taken severe countermeasures to slow the spread of COVID-19, including a number of shelter-in-place orders and large-scale restrictions on travel. While our stores are operational at this time and have been classified as “essential businesses,” the pandemic is a highly fluid and rapidly evolving situation and we cannot anticipate whether we may be forced to close any of our stores due to potential restrictions imposed by a governmental authority in one of the jurisdictions that we operate or due to a COVID-19 outbreak. In addition, some of the original equipment manufacturers that we represent have had to suspend manufacturing operations at certain plants. We cannot predict with any certainty whether they could be forced to suspend operations again at some point in the future due to COVID-19.

Although we believe that the COVID-19 pandemic has had, and is expected to continue to have, a negative impact on our business, the magnitude of such impact cannot be predicted with precision at this time due to numerous uncertainties, such as the impact of oil prices on the construction business, the duration of the pandemic and business closures, the effectiveness of actions taken to contain the spread of the disease and unforeseen events of those actions. The impact of the pandemic may include changes in customer demand; our relationship with, and the financial and operational capacities of, original equipment manufacturers, captive finance companies and other suppliers; workforce availability; risks associated with our indebtedness (including available borrowing capacity, compliance with financial covenants and ability to refinance or repay indebtedness on favorable terms); the adequacy of our cash flow and earnings and other conditions which may affect our liquidity; and disruptions to our technology network and other critical systems, including our existing ERP platform or other facilities or equipment, and impacting the timing of the rollout of our new ERP platform.
ITEM 2.                UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS 
None.
ITEM 3.                DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES
None.
ITEM 4.                MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES
Not applicable.
ITEM 5.                OTHER INFORMATION
None.
ITEM 6.                EXHIBITS
Exhibits - See “Exhibit Index” on page immediately prior to signatures.
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EXHIBIT INDEX
TITAN MACHINERY INC.
FORM 10-Q
 
No. Description
Certification of Chief Executive Officer Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
 
Certification of Chief Financial Officer Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
 
Certification of Chief Executive Officer Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
  
Certification of Chief Financial Officer Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
 
101Financial statements from the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of the Company for the quarter ended October 31, 2020, formatted in XBRL: (i) the Consolidated Balance Sheets, (ii) the Consolidated Statements of Operations, (iii) the Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity, (iv) the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, and (v) the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
101.SCH*Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
101.CAL*Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
101.LAB*Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
101.PRE*Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
101.DEF*Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
104Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101)




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SIGNATURES 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this Report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
Dated:December 3, 2020 
 TITAN MACHINERY INC.
  
  
 By/s/ Mark Kalvoda
  Mark Kalvoda
  Chief Financial Officer
  (Principal Financial Officer)

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