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CUEN Cuentas

Filed: 5 May 21, 6:31am
 

 

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, DC 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

☒ QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(D) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

FOR THE THREE MONTH PERIOD ENDED: MARCH 31, 2021

 

☐ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(D) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from ______________ to ______________

 

Commission File Number: 333-148987

 

CUENTAS, INC.

(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Florida 20-3537265

(State or Other Jurisdiction of

Incorporation or Organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

 

235 Lincoln RD., MIAMI BEACH, FL 33139

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

800-611-3622

(Registrant’s telephone number)

 

Securities registered under Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class Trading Symbol(s) Name of each exchange on which registered
     
Common Stock, par value $0.001 per share CUEN The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
     
Warrants, each exercisable for one share of Common Stock CUENW The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒      No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes ☒     No ☐

  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
 Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐   No ☒

 

State the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common equity, as of the latest practicable date: As of May 5, 2021, the issuer had 13,829,601 shares of its common stock issued and outstanding.

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class Trading Symbol(s) Name of each exchange on which registered
     

 

 

 

 

 

 

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

CUENTAS, INC.

 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

AS OF MARCH 31, 2021

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 Page
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS: 
  
Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2021 (Unaudited) and December 31, 20202
  
Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss for the three-months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 (Unaudited)3
  
Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 (Unaudited)4
  
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements5-13

 

1

 

 

CUENTAS, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(U.S. dollars in thousands except share and per share data)

 

  March 31,
2021
  December 31,
2020
 
  Unaudited  Audited 
ASSETS      
CURRENT ASSETS:      
Cash and cash equivalents  6,482   227 
Accounts Receivables  40   - 
Marketable securities  52   3 
Related parties  -   54 
Other current assets  153   12 
Total current assets  6,727   296 
         
Property and Equipment, net  4   4 
Intangible assets  6,795   7,200 
Total assets  13,526   7,500 
         
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY        
CURRENT LIABILITIES:        
Accounts payable  1,402   2,354 
Other accounts liabilities  819   2,195 
Deferred revenue  676   652 
Notes and Loan payable  94   93 
Convertible Note  250   719 
Related parties’ payables  -   365 
Stock based liabilities  8   102 
Total current liabilities  3,249   6,480 
         
Other long-term loans  89   89 
         
TOTAL LIABILITIES  3,338   6,569 
         
STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY        
         
Common stock, authorized 360,000,000 shares, $0.001 par value; 13,829,601 and 10,590,491 issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively  14   11 
Additional paid in capital  39,340   28,411 
Accumulated deficit  (29,166)  (27,491)
Total stockholders’ equity  10,188   931 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity  13,526   7,500 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements

 

2

 

 

CUENTAS, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
(Unaudited)

(U.S. dollars in thousands except share and per share data)

 

  Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
  2021  2020 
       
REVENUE  225   134 
         
COST OF REVENUE  247   177 
         
GROSS LOSS  (22)  (43)
         
OPERATING EXPENSES        
         
Amortization of Intangible assets  452   450 
General and administrative  1,138   2,089 
TOTAL OPERATING EXPENSES  1,590   2,539 
         
OPERATING LOSS  (1,612)  (2,582)
         
OTHER INCOME  (EXPENSES)        
Other Income  53   63 
Interest expense  (172)  (3)
Gain on derivative liability  -   3 
Gain from Change in fair value of stock-based liabilities  56   359 
TOTAL OTHER INCOME  (EXPENSES)  (63)  422 
         
NET LOSS BEFORE CONTROLLING INTEREST  (1,675)  (2,160)
         
NET LOSS ATTRIBUTILE TO NON-CONTROLLING INTEREST  -   (3)
NET LOSS ATTRIBUTILE TO NET INCOME (LOSS) ATTRIBUTILE TO CUENTAS INC.  (1,675)  (2,163)
         
Net loss per basic share  (0.13)  (1.03)
Net loss per diluted share  (0.13)  (1.03)
Weighted average number of basic and diluted common shares outstanding  12,474,008   2,100,539 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements

 

3

 

 

CUENTAS, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)

(U.S. dollars in thousands)

 

  Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
  2021  2020 
       
Cash Flows from Operating Activities:   
Net loss before non-controlling interest  (1,675)  (2,160)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash used in operating activities:        
Stock based compensation and shares issued for services  276   1,125 
Loss (gain) on fair value of marketable securities  (49)  - 
Interest and Debt discount amortization  137   1 
Gain on derivative fair value adjustment      (3)
Gain from Change in on fair value of stock-based liabilities  (56)  (359)
Depreciation and amortization expense  452   450 
Changes in Operating Assets and Liabilities:        
Accounts receivable  (40)  (9)
Other receivables   (141)   73 
Accounts payable  (952)  88 
Other Accounts payable  (1,376)  43 
Related Parties, net  44     
Deferred revenue  24   13 
Net Cash Used by Operating Activities  (3,356)  (738)
         
Cash Flows from Investing  Activities:  (47)  - 
Purchase of Intangible Asset        
Net Cash used for Investing Activities  (47)  - 
         
Cash Flows from Financing Activities:        
Related party, net  (355)  (7)
Proceeds from conversion of warrants  4   750 
Proceeds from issuance of common stock, net of issuance expense  10,614   - 
Repayment of loans  (605)    
Net Cash Provided by Financing Activities  9,658   743 
         
Net Increase (Decrease) in Cash  6,255   5 
Cash at Beginning of Period  227   16 
Cash at End of Period  6,482   21 
         
Supplemental disclosure of non-cash financing activities        
Common stock issued for conversion of convertible note principal  -   250 
Common stock issued for settlement of stock-based liabilities and accrued salaries  38   442 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements 

 

4

 

 

CUENTAS, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Amounts in U.S. dollar thousands, except share and per share data)

 

NOTE 1 – ORGANIZATION AND DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS

 

Cuentas, Inc. (the “Company”) together with its subsidiaries, is focused on financial technology (“FINTECH”) services, delivering mobile banking, online banking, prepaid debit and digital content services to unbanked, underbanked and underserved communities. The Company derives its revenue from the sales of prepaid and wholesale calling minutes. Additionally, The Company has an agreement with Interactive Communications International, Inc. (“InComm”) a leading processor of general purpose reloadable (“GPR”) debit cards, to market and distribute a line of GPR cards targeted towards the Latin American market.

 

The Company was incorporated under the laws of the State of Florida on September 21, 2005 to act as a holding company for its subsidiaries. Its subsidiaries are Meimoun and Mammon, LLC (100% owned) (“M&M”), Next Cala, Inc. (94% owned -was dissolved on July 3, 2020) (“Cala”), NxtGn, Inc. (65% owned-was dissolved on August 24, 2020) (“NxtGn”) and Cuentas Mobile LLC (formerly Next Mobile 360, LLC. - 100% owned). Additionally, Next Cala, Inc. had a 60% interest in NextGlocal Inc. (“NextGlocal”), a subsidiary formed in May 2016 and which was dissolved on September 27, 2019. Tel3, a business segment of Meimoun and Mammon, LLC provides prepaid calling cards to consumers directly and operates in a complimentary space as Meimoun and Mammon, LLC. On October 23, 2017, the Company acquired 100% of the outstanding shares in Limecom, Inc., (“Limecom” and such acquisition, the “Limecom Acquisition”) from Heritage Ventures Limited (“Heritage”). On January 30, 2019, the Company exercised a right to rescind the Limecom Acquisition, principally in an effort to reduce the Company’s continuing debt obligations associated with the Limecom Acquisition.

 

On December 6, 2017, the Company completed its formation of SDI NEXT DISTRUBUTION LLC (“SDI Next”) in which the Company owns a 51% membership interest, previously announced August 24, 2017 in a letter of intent with Fisk Holdings, LLC (“Fisk Holdings”). Per the Operating Agreement of SDI Next, the Company and Fisk Holdings will serve as the Managing Members of SDI Next and the Company will contribute a total of $500,000, to be paid per an agreed-upon schedule over a twelve-month period. Fisk Holdings will contribute 30,000 active point of sale locations for distribution of retail telecommunications and prepaid financial products and services to include, but not be limited to: prepaid GPR cards, prepaid gift cards, prepaid money transfer, prepaid utility payments, and other prepaid products. The completed formation of an established distribution business for third-party gift cards, digital content, mobile top up, financial services and digital content, which presently includes more than 31,600 U.S. active Point of Sale locations, including store locations, convenience stores, bodegas, store fronts, etc. The parties agreed that additional product lines may be added with unanimous decision by the Managing Members of SDI Next. During 2018, it was agreed between the parties to distribute the Company’s recently announced CUENTAS GPR card and mobile banking solution aimed to the unbanked, underbanked and financially underserved consumers, making them available to customers at the more than 31,600 retail locations SDI Next presently serves. SDI Next was dissolved on August 22, 2020.

 

On December 31, 2019, the Company entered into a series of integrated transactions to license the Platforms from CIMA, through CIMA’s wholly owned subsidiaries Knetik, and Auris (the “Transaction Closing”) pursuant to that certain Platform License Agreement, dated December 31, 2019 by and among (i) the Company, (ii) CIMA, (iii) Knetik and (iv) Auris (the “License Agreement”) and the various other agreements listed below. Under the License Agreement Cima received a one-time licensing fee in the amount of $9,000 in the form of a convertible note that may be converted, at the option of Cima, into up to 25% of the total shares of Common Stock of the Company, par value $0.001 per share (the “Common Stock”) on a fully diluted basis as of December 31, 2019. On December 31, 2019, CIMA exercised its option to convert the Convertible Promissory Note into 702,992 shares of Common Stock of the Company. Upon the conversion of the Series B Preferred shares into common stock, CIMA received an additional five million shares pursuant to their anti-dilution warrant agreement.

 

5

 

 

CUENTAS, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Amounts in U.S. dollar thousands, except share and per share data)

 

The acquired intangible assets that consisted of perpetual software license had an estimated fair value of $9,000. The Company will amortize the intangible assets on a straight-line basis over their expected useful life of 60 months. Identifiable intangible assets were recorded as follows: 

 

Asset Amount  Life
(months)
 
Intangible Assets $9,000   60 
Total $9,000   60 

 

On March 5, 2021, the Company purchased the domain www.cuentas.com in consideration of $47,000. The Company will amortize the intangible assets on a straight-line basis over their expected useful life of 60 months. Identifiable intangible assets were recorded as follows: 

 

Asset Amount  Life
(months)
 
Intangible Assets $47   60 
Total $47   60 

 

Intangible assets with estimable useful lives are amortized over their respective estimated useful lives to their estimated residual values and reviewed periodically for impairment.

 

Amortization of intangible assets for each of the next five years and thereafter is expected to be as follows:

 

Year ended December 31,   
2021 $1,810 
2022  1,810 
2023  1,810 
2024  1,810 
2025  7 
Total $7,247 

 

Amortization expense was $452 and $450 for the periods ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. Amortization expense for each period is included in operating expenses.

 

Pursuant to the License Agreement, the Company shall pay CIMA annual fees for the maintenance and support services in accordance with the following schedule: (i) for the first (1st) calendar year from the Effective Date, $300 were paid in 2020; (ii) for the second (2nd) calendar year from the Effective Date, $500 to be paid on December 31, 2020; (iii) for the third (3rd) calendar year from the Effective Date, $700 to be paid on December 31, 2021; (iv) for the fourth (4th) calendar year from the Effective Date, $1,000 to be paid on December 31, 2022; (v) for the fifth (5th) calendar year from the Effective Date, $640 to be paid on December 31, 2022; and (vi) for each calendar year thereafter, $640 to be paid on the anniversary date.

 

REVERSE SPLIT

 

On February 2, 2021, the Company completed a reverse stock split of its common stock. As a result of the reverse stock split, the following changes have occurred (i) every two and a half shares of common stock have been combined into one share of common stock; (ii) the number of shares of common stock underlying each common stock option or common stock warrant have been proportionately decreased on a 2.5-for-1 basis, and the exercise price of each such outstanding stock option and common warrant has been proportionately increased on a 2.5-for-1 basis. Accordingly, all option numbers, share numbers, warrant numbers, share prices, warrant prices, exercise prices and losses per share have been adjusted within these consolidated financial statements, on a retroactive basis, to reflect this 2.5-for-1 reverse stock split.

 

On February 2, 2021 the Company’s common stock and warrants began trading on The Nasdaq Capital Market under the symbols “CUEN” and “CUENW,” respectively.

 

COVID-19

 

In December 2019, a novel strain of coronavirus was reported to have surfaced in Wuhan, China, which has and is continuing to spread throughout China and other parts of the world, including the United States. On January 30, 2020, the World Health Organization declared the outbreak of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) a “Public Health Emergency of International Concern.” On January 31, 2020, U.S. Health and Human Services Secretary Alex M. Azar II declared a public health emergency for the United States to aid the U.S. healthcare community in responding to COVID-19, and on March 11, 2020 the World Health Organization characterized the outbreak as a “pandemic”. A significant outbreak of COVID-19 and other infectious diseases could result in a widespread health crisis that could adversely affect the economies and financial markets worldwide, as well as our business and operations. The extent to which COVID-19 impacts our business and results of operations will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted, including new information which may emerge concerning the severity of COVID-19 and the actions to contain COVID-19 or treat its impact, among others. If the disruptions posed by COVID-19 or other matters of global concern continue for an extensive period of time, our business and results of operations may be materially adversely affected.

 

6

 

 

CUENTAS, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Amounts in U.S. dollar thousands, except share and per share data)

 

NOTE 2 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION

 

Unaudited Interim Financial Statements

 

The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its subsidiaries, prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all the information and footnotes required by generally accepted accounting principles for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, the financial statements presented herein have not been audited by an independent registered public accounting firm but include all material adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments) which are, in the opinion of management, necessary for a fair statement of the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows for the for three-months ended March 31, 2021. However, these results are not necessarily indicative of results for any other interim period or for the year ended December 31, 2021. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires the Company to make certain estimates and assumptions for the reporting periods covered by the financial statements. These estimates and assumptions affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses. Actual amounts could differ from these estimates.

 

Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles have been omitted pursuant to the rules of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020, filed with the SEC on March 25, 2021 (the “Annual Report”). For further information, reference is made to the consolidated financial statements and footnotes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.

 

Principles of Consolidation

 

The consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with US GAAP. The consolidated financial statements of the Company include the Company and its wholly-owned and majority-owned subsidiaries. All inter-company balances and transactions have been eliminated.

 

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, certain revenues and expenses, and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities as of the date of the financial statements. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Estimates are used when accounting for stock-based compensation.

 

7

 

 

CUENTAS, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Amounts in U.S. dollar thousands, except share and per share data)

 

Deferred Revenue

 

Deferred revenue is comprised mainly of unearned revenue related to prepayments from retail consumers for telecommunications minutes. The following table represents the changes in deferred revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2021:

 

  Deferred
Revenue
 
Balance at December 31, 2020 $652 
Change in deferred revenue  

24

 
Balance at March 31, 2021 $

676

 

 

Revenue allocated to remaining performance obligations represent contracted revenue that has not yet been recognized (“contracted not recognized”). Contracted not recognized revenue was $676 as of March 31, 2021, of which the Company expects to recognize 100% of the revenue over the next 12 months.

 

Derivative and Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

Fair value accounting requires bifurcation of embedded derivative instruments such as conversion features in convertible debt or equity instruments and measurement of their fair value for accounting purposes. In assessing the convertible debt instruments, management determines if the convertible debt host instrument is conventional convertible debt and further if there is a beneficial conversion feature requiring measurement. If the instrument is not considered conventional convertible debt under ASC 470, the Company will continue its evaluation process of these instruments as derivative financial instruments under ASC 815.

 

Once determined, derivative liabilities are adjusted to reflect fair value at each reporting period end, with any increase or decrease in the fair value being recorded in results of operations as an adjustment to fair value of derivatives.

 

Fair value of certain of the Company’s financial instruments including cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable, accrued expenses, notes payables, and other accrued liabilities approximate cost because of their short maturities. The Company measures and reports fair value in accordance with ASC 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosure” defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles and expands disclosures about fair value measurements.

 

Fair value, as defined in ASC 820, is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The fair value of an asset should reflect its highest and best use by market participants, principal (or most advantageous) markets, and an in-use or an in-exchange valuation premise. The fair value of a liability should reflect the risk of nonperformance, which includes, among other things, the Company’s credit risk.

 

8

 

 

CUENTAS, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Amounts in U.S. dollar thousands, except share and per share data)

 

Valuation techniques are generally classified into three categories: the market approach; the income approach; and the cost approach. The selection and application of one or more of the techniques may require significant judgment and are primarily dependent upon the characteristics of the asset or liability, and the quality and availability of inputs. Valuation techniques used to measure fair value under ASC 820 must maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs. ASC 820 also provides fair value hierarchy for inputs and resulting measurement as follows:

 

Level 1: Quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets that are accessible at the measurement date for identical assets or liabilities.

 

Level 2: Quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets; quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active; inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability; and inputs that are derived principally from or corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities; and

 

Level 3: Unobservable inputs for the asset or liability that are supported by little or no market activity, and that are significant to the fair values.

 

Fair value measurements are required to be disclosed by the Level within the fair value hierarchy in which the fair value measurements in their entirety fall. Fair value measurements using significant unobservable inputs (in Level 3 measurements) are subject to expanded disclosure requirements including a reconciliation of the beginning and ending balances, separately presenting changes during the period attributable to the following: (i) total gains or losses for the period (realized and unrealized), segregating those gains or losses included in earnings, and a description of where those gains or losses included in earning are reported in the statement of income.

 

The Company’s financial assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis by level within the fair value hierarchy are as follows:

 

  Balance as of March 31, 2021 
  Level 1  Level 2  Level 3  Total 
Assets:            
Marketable securities  52   -   -   52 
Total assets  52   -   -   52 
                 
Liabilities:                
Stock based liabilities  8   -   -   8 
Total liabilities  8   -   -   8 

 

  Balance as of December 31, 2020 
  Level 1  Level 2  Level 3  Total 
Assets:            
Marketable securities  3   -   -   3 
Total assets  3   -   -   3 
                 
Liabilities:                
Stock based liabilities  102   -   -   102 
Total liabilities  102   -   -   102 

 

Basic Income (Loss) Per Share

 

Basic income (loss) per share is calculated by dividing the Company’s net loss applicable to common shareholders by the weighted average number of common shares during the period. Diluted earnings per share is calculated by dividing the Company’s net income available to common shareholders by the diluted weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year. The diluted weighted average number of shares outstanding is the basic weighted average number of shares adjusted for any potentially dilutive debt or equity.

 

9

 

 

CUENTAS, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Amounts in U.S. dollar thousands, except share and per share data)

 

Recently Issued Accounting Standards 

 

New pronouncements issued but not effective as of March 31, 2021 are not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

Other accounting standards that have been issued or proposed by the FASB or other standards-setting bodies that do not require adoption until a future date are not expected to have a material impact on our financial statements upon adoption.

 

NOTE 3 – STOCK OPTIONS

 

The following table summarizes all stock option activity for the nine months ended March 31, 2021:

 

  Shares  Weighted-
Average
Exercise
Price
Per Share
 
Outstanding, December 31, 2020  135,200  $11.18 
Granted  -   - 
Forfeited  -   - 
Outstanding, March 31, 2021  135,200  $11.18 

 

The following table discloses information regarding outstanding and exercisable options at March 31, 2021:

 

   Outstanding  Exercisable 
Exercise
Prices
  Number of
Option Shares
  Weighted Average
Exercise Price
  Weighted Average
Remaining Life
(Years)
  Number of
Option Shares
  Weighted Average
Exercise Price
 
$14.35   79,200  $14.35   3.99   79,200  $14.35 
 7.50   36,000   7.50   3.46   36,000   7.50 
 5.23   20,000   5.23   2.99   20,000   5.23 
     135,200  $11.18   3.43   135,200  $11.18 

 

10

 

 

CUENTAS, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Amounts in U.S. dollar thousands, except share and per share data)

 

NOTE 4 – STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

Common Stock

 

The following summarizes the Common Stock activity for the three months ended March 31, 2021:

 

Summary of common stock activity for the three months ended March 31, 2021 Outstanding shares 
Balance, December 31, 2020  10,590,491 
Shares issued for Common Stock  2,790,697 
Shares issued due to conversion of Warrants  418,604 
Return of commitment shares  (43,525)
Shares issued for services  10,000 
Shares issued to employees  63,334 
Balance, March 31, 2021  13,829,601 

 

On February 2, 2021, the Company issued 20,000 shares of its Common Stock to its Chief Financial Officer, 40,000 shares of its Common Stock to a member of the Board of Directors of the Company and 3,334 shares of its Common Stock to a former employee. The fair market value of the shares was $245.

 

On February 2, 2021 the Company’s common stock and warrants began trading on The Nasdaq Capital Market under the symbols “CUEN” and “CUENW,” respectively. On February 4, 2020 the Company sold an aggregate of 2,790,697 units at a price to the public of $4.30 per unit (the “Offering”), each unit consisting of one share of the Company’s common stock, par value $0.001 per share (the “Common Stock”), and a warrant exercisable for five years to purchase one share of Common Stock at an exercise price of $4.30 per share (the “Warrants”), pursuant to that certain Underwriting Agreement, dated as of February 1, 2021 (the “Underwriting Agreement”), between the Company and Maxim Group LLC (the “Representative” or “Maxim”), as representative of the sole underwriter. In addition, pursuant to the Underwriting Agreement, the Company granted Maxim a 45-day option to purchase up to 418,604 additional shares of Common Stock, and/or 418,604 additional Warrants, to cover over-allotments in connection with the Offering. The Common Stock and the Warrants were offered and sold to the public pursuant to the Company’s registration statements on Form S-1 (File Nos. 333-249690 and 333-252642), filed by the Company with the Securities and Exchange Commission under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), on October 28, 2020, as amended, and which became effective on February 1, 2021. The Company received gross proceeds of approximately $12.0 million, before deducting underwriting discounts and commissions of 8% of the gross proceeds and estimated Offering expenses. Pursuant to the Underwriting Agreement, the Company also agreed to issue to Maxim warrants (the “Underwriter’s Warrants”) to purchase up to a total of 223,256 shares of Common Stock (8% of the shares of Common Stock sold in the Offering). The Underwriter’s Warrants are exercisable at $5.375 per share of Common Stock and have a term of five years. The Underwriter’s Warrants are subject to a lock-up for 180 days from the commencement of sales in the Offering, including a mandatory lock-up period in accordance with FINRA Rule 5110(e), and will be non-exercisable for six months after February 1, 2021. The total expenses of the offering are estimated to be approximately $1.4 million, which included Maxim’s expenses relating to the offering.

 

On March 4, 2021 and pursuant to the Underwriting Agreement, Maxim exercised its 45-day option to purchase up to 418,604 additional Warrants, to cover over-allotments in connection with the Offering.

 

On March 17, 2021, the Company issued 10,000 shares of its Common Stock pursuant to a service Agreement between the Company and a service provider, dated May 16, 2019. The fair market value of the shares at the issuance date was $38. 

 

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CUENTAS, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Amounts in U.S. dollar thousands, except share and per share data)

 

NOTE 5 – RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

 

Related party balances at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 consisted of the following:

 

Related party payables, net of discounts

 

  March 31,
2021
  December 31,
2020
 
  (dollars in thousands) 
(a) Due to Next Communications, Inc. (current) $-  $10 
(c) Principal and interest due to Dinar Zuz LLC due to Dinar Zuz LLC  -   355 
(d) Due to Cima Telecom Inc.  540   417 
Total Due from related parties $540  $782 

 

(a)Next Communication, Inc. is a corporation in which the Company’s Chief Executive Officer a controlling interest and served as the Chief Executive Officer.

 

(b)Due to the April 6, 2020 Loan Agreement with the Company to borrow up to $462 at an annual interest rate of nine percent (9.0%) (the second “Dinar Zuz Note”). On March 5, 2021 the Company fully prepaid its loan to Dinar Zuz.

 

(c)Composed from annual fees in the amount of $500 for the maintenance and support services in accordance with the software maintenance agreement for the second calendar year from the Effective Date, consulting services and other software development services.

 

Employment Agreements

 

On February 24, 2021, the employment agreement dated July 24, 2020 for Arik Maimon expired in accordance with its terms and as previously disclosed by the Company. As a result of the expiration of the employment agreement, Mr. Maimon was no longer employed as the Chief Executive Officer of the Company, but he continued to act as Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Company. On February 25, 2021, the Board appointed Mr. Maimon to act as interim Chief Executive Officer, which position will terminate upon the earlier of August 25, 2021 or the date on which his successor is duly elected and appointed by the Board of the Company.

 

On February 24, 2021, the employment agreement dated July 24, 2020 for Michael De Prado expired in accordance with its terms and as previously disclosed by the Company. As a result of the expiration of the employment agreement, Mr. De Prado is no longer the President of the Company but has become the Vice Chairman of the Board.

 

On March 5, 2021 and pursuant to the Side Letter Agreement, the Board of Directors of the Company approved a special bonus in the amount of $500 to each of Mr. Maimon and Mr. De Prado due to the successful up-listing of the Company’s shares on the Nasdaq Capital Markets. Half of the bonus ($250) was paid in cash and half will be paid in Common shares of the Company.

 

NOTE 6 – CUSTOMER CONCENTRATION 

 

The Company did not have any one customer account for more than 10% of its revenues during the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

 

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CUENTAS, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Amounts in U.S. dollar thousands, except share and per share data)

 

NOTE 7 – COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

 

From time to time, the Company may become involved in various lawsuits and legal proceedings which arise in the ordinary course of business. However, litigation is subject to inherent uncertainties, and an adverse result in these or other matters may arise from time to time that may harm our business.

 

On December 20, 2017, a complaint was filed by J. P. Carey Enterprises, Inc. (“JP Carey”) alleging a claim for $473,000 related to Franjose Yglesias-Bertheau, a former Vice President of PLKD. Even though the Company made the agreed payment of $10,000 on January 2, 2017, and issued 6,001 shares of Common Stock as conversion of the $70,000 note as agreed in its settlement agreement, JP Carey alleges damages that the Company claims are without merit because JP Carey received full compensation as agreed. The Company is in the process of defending itself against these claims. The Company has not accrued losses related to this claim due to the early stages of litigation. On January 29, 2019, the Company was served with another complaint by JP Carey claiming similar issues as to the previous complaint, with the new claimed damages totaling $1,108,037.85. JP Carey and the Company filed motions for a summary judgment. On June 23, 2020, the case was transferred to the Business Court at the request of the Superior Court Judge previously assigned to the case. Judge Ellerbe from the Business Court has been assigned as the new judge. On October 1, 2020, the court granted the Company’s motion for summary judgment and denied JP Carey’s motion for summary judgment. On October 30, 2020, JP Carey filed a notice of appeal to the trial court’s October 1 and 7, 2020 orders granting summary judgment in favor of Cuentas. The briefing in the appeal was completed during the first quarter of 2021. Oral argument held on April 13, 2021 but no decision has been rendered yet. On November 16, 2020, Cuentas filed a motion seeking payment from JP Carey of $140,970.82 in attorney fees and costs accrued as of November 13, 2020. JP Carey’s response brief was due on December 21, 2020 and thereafter Cuentas may reply. The trial court has not yet set a date to hear this motion.

 

On October 23, 2018, the Company was served by Telco Cuba Inc. for an amount in excess of $15,000 but the total amount was not specified. The Company was served on December 7, 2018, with a complaint alleging damages including unspecified damages for product, advertising and other damages in addition to $50,000 paid to the Defendants. The Company retained an attorney and has taken steps to defend itself vigorously in this case. Depositions are in process of being scheduled.

 

On October 25, 2018, the Company was served with a complaint by former company Chief Financial Officer, Michael Naparstek, claiming breach of contract for 833,333 shares (pre-2018 reverse stock split), $25,554 of compensation and $8,823 of expenses. This case was withdrawn in Palm Beach County and on January 11, 2019, a similar complaint was filed in Miami-Dade County. During the recent mediation, the Parties reached an understanding of full settlement amount of $2,500. The Company has deposited the settlement amount to an escrow account of its counsel until a stipulation of settlement will be executed by both parties.

 

On November 7, 2018, the Company and its now former subsidiary, Limecom, were served with a complaint by IDT Domestic Telecom, Inc. for telecommunications services provided to Limecom during 2018 in the amount of $50,000. The Company has no accrual expenses as of December 31, 2019, related to the complaint given the early nature of the process. Limecom was a subsidiary of the Company during this period but since the Limecom Acquisition was rescinded on January 30, 2019, and Limecom agreed to indemnify and hold harmless the Company from this and other debts. The Company retained an attorney and is defending itself vigorously in this case. A court ordered mandatory arbitration session took place and the arbitration findings were issued on June 19, 2020, and a request for trial de novo was filed on July 16, 2020, in order to have the matter docketed on the calendar. The court came to the determination that while not indicative of success at trial, the court denied Plaintiff’s motion for summary judgment. As of this time, a trial date was set for July 6, 2021.

 

On May 1, 2019, the Company received a notice of demand for arbitration from Secure IP Telecom, Inc. (“Secure IP), who allegedly had a Reciprocal Carrier Services Agreement (“RCS”) exclusively with Limecom and not with Cuentas. The arbitration demand originated from another demand for arbitration that Secure IP received from VoIP Capital International (“VoIP”) in March 2019, demanding $1,052,838.09 in damages allegedly caused by unpaid receivables that Limecom assigned to VoIP based on the RCS. On June 5, 2020, SecureIP filed a complaint against Limecom, Heritage Ventures Limited (“Heritage”), an unrelated third party and owner of Limecom, and the Company. The complaint primarily concerns alleged indebtedness owed SecureIP by Limecom. SecureIP also alleges that Cuentas received certain transfers of funds which it alleges may be an avoidable transfer under Florida Statute §725.105 up to $1,052,838.09. Cuentas is contemplating filing a motion to dismiss the complaint and disputes that it received the alleged $1,052,838.09 from Limecom. Moreover, to the extent Cuentas has exposure for any transfers from Limecom, both Limecom and Heritage have indemnified Cuentas for any such liability. The Company will vigorously defend its position to be removed as a named party in this action due to the fact that Cuentas rescinded the Limecom Acquisition on January 30, 2019.

 

NOTE 8 – SUBSEQUESNT EVENTS

 

On April 1, 2021 the Company executed a lease for office space effective April 1, 2019. The lease requires monthly rental payments of $7.

 

On April 20, 2021 the Company paid off its loan and accrued interest in the amount of $260 to Arie Gresonie. The Company paid an amount equal to $125 plus $ 5, which represents the amount of interest accrued on such $125 since the date on which the loan was made under the Note through April 16, 2021. In addition, The Company issued 30,233 shares of Common Stock of the Company.

 

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ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The following discussion and analysis provide information which management of the Company believes to be relevant to an assessment and understanding of the Company’s results of operations and financial condition. This discussion should be read together with the Company’s financial statements and the notes to the financial statements, which are included in this report.

 

Forward-Looking Statements

 

This Report contains forward-looking statements that relate to future events or our future financial performance. Some discussions in this report may contain forward-looking statements that involve risk and uncertainty. A number of important factors could cause our actual results to differ materially from those expressed in any forward-looking statements made by us in this Report. Forward-looking statements are often identified by words like “believe,” “expect,” “estimate,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “project” and similar words or expressions that, by their nature, refer to future events.

 

In some cases, you can also identify forward-looking statements by terminology such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “plans,” “predicts,” “potential,” or “continue,” or the negative of these terms or other comparable terminology. These statements are only predictions and involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties, and other factors that may cause our actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements.

 

Although we believe that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, or achievements. You should not place undue certainty on these forward-looking statements, which apply only as of the date of this Report. These forward-looking statements are subject to certain risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from historical results or our predictions. Except as required by applicable law, including the securities laws of the United States, we do not intend to update any of the forward-looking statements in an effort to conform these statements to actual results.

 

Company Overview

 

The Company is a corporation incorporated under the laws of Florida on September 21, 2005, which focuses on the business of using proprietary technology to provide e-banking and e-commerce services delivering mobile banking, online banking, prepaid debit and digital content services to the unbanked, underbanked and underserved communities. The Company’s exclusivity with CIMA’s proprietary software platform enables Cuentas to offer comprehensive financial services and additional robust functionality that is absent from other General-Purpose Reloadable Cards (“GPR”).

 

Operating Subsidiaries. The Company’s business operations are conducted primarily through its subsidiaries, described elsewhere in this report.

 

Properties. The Company’s headquarters are located in Miami, Florida.

 

Our Business

 

The Fintech Card is a GPR integrated into a proprietary robust ecosystem that protects customers by depositing their funds in an FDIC insured bank account at the Issuing Bank. The comprehensive financial services include:

 

Direct ACH Deposits ATM Cash Withdrawal Bill Pay and Online Purchases
Debit Card Network Processing Peer to Peer Payments Cash Reload at over 50,000 retailers
Online banking Major Transit Authority Tokens Discounted Gift Cards

 

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The ecosystem includes a mobile wallet for digital currency, stored value card balances, prepaid telecom minutes, loyalty reward points, and purchases made in the Cuentas Virtual Marketplace. The Fintech Card is integrated with the Los Angeles Metro, Connecticut Transit Authority and Grand Rapids Transit system to store mass transit currency and pay for transit access via the Cuentas Digital Wallet

  

The Fintech Card stores products purchased in the Cuentas Virtual Market Place where Tier-1 retailers, virtual in-game currencies, Amazon Cash, and cellular telecom prepaid minutes “top ups”. Additionally, well-known brand name restaurants sell discounted prepaid gift cards in the Cuentas Virtual Marketplace.

 

The Latino Market

 

The name “Cuentas” is a Spanish word that has multiple meanings and was chosen for strategic reasons, to develop a close relationship with the Spanish speaking population. It means “Accounts” as in “bank accounts” and it can also mean “You can count on me” as in “Cuentas conmigo”. Additionally, it can be used to “Pay or settle accounts” (saldar cuentas), “accountability” (rendición de cuentas), “to be accountable” (rendir cuentas) and other significant meanings.

  

The U.S. Latino population numbers 43.8 million U.S. immigrants, according to the 2017 FDIC Survey. It excludes immigrants, illegal aliens and undocumented individuals. The FDIC defines the “unbankable” as those adults without an account at a bank or other financial institution and are considered to be outside the mainstream for one reason or another. The Federal Reserve estimated that there were approximately 55 million unbanked or underbanked adult Americans in 2018, which account for 22 percent of U.S. households. The Latino demographic is more distrusting of banking institutions and generally have more identification, credit, and former bank account issues more so than any other U. S. minority group.

 

The Fintech Card is positioned to service the Latino demographic with comprehensive financial products that do not require any visits to bank branches, and our fees are completely transparent via the Cuentas Digital Wallet and online banking. Most importantly our strategic banking partner, Sutton Bank, is able to use various forms of U.S. and some foreign government issued identification to confirm qualification.

 

The Cuentas General-Purpose Reloadable Card

 

The Cuentas Mastercard acts as a comprehensive banking solution marketed toward the over 20 million unbanked U.S. Latino community. The “unbanked” is described by the FDIC as those adults without an account at a bank or other financial institution and are considered to be outside the mainstream for one reason or another. The Cuentas Mastercard is enabling access to the U.S. financial system to those without the necessary paperwork to bank at a traditional financial institution while enabling greater functionality than a traditional bank account. This proprietary GPR card allows consumers that reside in the U.S. to acquire a Cuentas Mastercard using their SSN or ITIN together with their U.S. or Foreign Passport, Driver’s License, Matricula Consular or certain U.S. residency documentation. The Cuentas Mastercard’s funds are protected in an FDIC-insured bank account at the Issuing Bank. Functionality includes ATM withdrawals, direct deposit, cash reload, fee free Cuentas App to Cuentas App fund transfers and mobile banking capabilities, among other key features such as purchasing discounted gift cards and adding “mass transit credits” to digital accounts (available in California, Connecticut, Michigan and other cities in the future). Upcoming Cuentas App upgrades should also include international remittance and other services. Consumers are able to use funds in their account to purchase third party digital and gift cards (many at discounted prices), U.S. and international mobile phone top-ups, mass transportation and tolling access (available in select markets - Connecticut, Grand Rapids, MI, Los Angeles, CA, etc.) as well as digital content for virtual gaming, dining, shopping and cash reloads.

 

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The Cuentas App is available for download now on the Apple App Store and on the Google Play Store for Android. The Cuentas App allows consumers to easily activate their Cuentas Mastercard, review their account balance and conduct certain financial transactions. Cuentas is introducing fee free fund transfers to friends, family and vendors that have their own Cuentas App, which will be a very useful feature to compete with other popular apps that charge fees for immediate fund transfers and availability on the same day.

 

The Cuentas Business Model

 

The Cuentas business model leverages profitability from multiple revenue sources, many of which are synergistic market segments.

 

The Cuentas Mastercard has several revenue centers. The Company receives a one-time activation charge for each activated Cuentas Mastercard and a monthly recurring charge. These charges were designed to be very reasonable to both consumers and the Company. In addition to these charges, Cuentas will receive a commission each time funds are loaded and reloaded to the Cuentas Mastercard.

 

The Cuentas Digital Wallet produces recurring revenue and is an integral part of the Cuentas offering. It will produce revenue each time that consumers purchase third party gift cards, digital access, mass transit tickets and mobile phone top-ups (U.S. and international) with most at discounted prices. The actual discount is shown to the consumer and is immediately applied to their purchase, so smart shoppers will be able to get everyday products and services at discounted prices.

 

In 2021 the Cuentas Digital Wallet is projected to add several new, profitable, mass market services including bill pay and international remittances.

 

Cuentas also offers rewards for free long distance calling to its cardholders (“Cuentas Rewards”) who earn value with certain transactions. Our target demographic uses both internet and prepaid calling services to communicate with family members around the U.S. and in their country. This added benefit is designed, at a very low cost, to provide extra benefits to our cardholders, which should help to maintain and solidify valuable relationships with them.

  

Prepaid Debit Card Market Overview

 

The Research and Markets report titled “Prepaid Card Market: Payment Trends, Market Dynamics, and Forecasts 2020 - 2025” released in January 2020 states that, “[i]n the United States, prepaid cards remain the preferred choice for the unbanked market segment....” It also states that “[t]he move towards a cashless society is substantial, further driving the prepaid card market.”

 

Major competitors to Cuentas are Green Dot, American Express Serve, Netspend Prepaid, Starbucks Rewards, Walmart Money card and Akimbo Prepaid.

 

Cuentas is strategically positioned in the marketplace to have a lower monthly fee and lower reload fees than most cards. Additional benefits and features should move the Cuentas Mastercard ahead of other offerings as consumers realize the value of the Cuentas Digital Wallet and the Cuentas Rewards program.

 

The Cuentas Technology platform

 

The Cuentas technology platform is comprised of CIMA Group’s Knetik and Auris software platforms (the “CIMA Licensed Technology”). The platform is built on a powerful integrated component framework delivering a variety of capabilities accessible by a set of industry standard REST-based API endpoints. In addition to handling electronic transactions such as deposits and purchasing, the platform will have the capability of organizing virtual currencies into wallets, essentially future proofing it in today’s evolving financial environment. It enables the organizing of the user’s monetary deposits into a tree-based set of wallets, through strictly enforced user permissions, to delineate proper controls in a tiered monetary asset organizational structure, thus providing a sound basis for family and/or corporate control and distribution of funds across individuals.

 

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The platform also contains a sound and proven gamification engine, capable of driving user behaviors in a manner that entices and rewards using incentivization based on proven behavioral science patterns. At the heart of this gamification engine lies a proven and robust rules engine that can easily integrate and modify process flows and orchestrations between disparate platforms, allowing for a quick and easy integration of complex, orchestrated integrations between internal process automation and invocations of external systems. The platform will provide Android and iOS software for users to execute a wide variety of transactions including, but not limited to, account balances, account transfers and in-app purchases. User messaging are also integrated and are achieved via SMS, email, in-app messaging, and voice.

 

The user management application uses rich metadata CRM and single sign-on (“SSO”) to track user behavior and personalize the user experience. It is fully integrated with our Strategic Partners, scalable and manages the digital ecosystem entitlements. The platform can process both physical and virtual goods, digital assets, real time currency value exchange, virtual currency support with current exchange rates and support nontraditional assets, in addition to credit card, POS, debits, and digital wallet management.

 

The unique rules engine is capable of all aspects of gamification: badging, questing, leveling, points consumption, leader boards, loyalty and reward points and personalization with tracking and messaging to support behavior management. Business intelligence is used for reporting and communication of product management via Rate Deck Management, Pinless ANI Recognition, IV and Call Flows and Access Number Management. The platform has redundant reporting for enhanced billing and fraud control and integrates customer service with Business Intelligence and platform integrity. 

 

SDI NEXT

 

On December 6, 2017, the Company completed its formation of SDI NEXT Distribution LLC (“SDI NEXT”) in which it owns a 51% membership interest, previously announced August 24, 2017 as a Letter of Intent with Fisk Holdings, LLC. As Managing Member of the newly formed LLC, the Company will contribute a total of $500,000, to be paid per an agreed-upon schedule over a twelve-month period. Fisk Holdings, LLC will contribute 30,000 active Point of Sale locations for distribution of retail telecommunications and prepaid financial products and services to include, but not be limited to: prepaid General Purpose Reload (“GPR”) cards, prepaid gift cards, prepaid money transfer, prepaid utility payments, and other prepaid products. The completed formation of an established distribution business for third-party gift cards, digital content, mobile top up, financial services and digital content, which presently includes more than 31,600 U.S. active Point of Sale locations, including store locations, convenience stores, bodegas, store fronts, etc. The parties agreed that additional product lines may be added with unanimous decision by the Managing Members of the LLC. During 2018, it was agreed between the parties to distribute the Company’s recently announced CUENTAS GPR card and mobile banking solution aimed to the unbanked, underbanked and financially underserved consumers, making them available to customers at the more than 31,600 retail locations SDI NEXT presently serves. It was also agreed between the parties to renegotiate the terms of the Company’s investment in SDI NEXT once the development of the GPR card and the retail stores system are completed and the GPR card is ready for distribution in the retail locations of SDI NEXT. 

 

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Strategic Partners

 

The graphic below illustrates Cuentas’ strategic agreements with Sutton Bank and InComm, Sutton Bank is the issuer of the Cuentas Mastercard while the InComm “Processor” relationship provides access to many third party products and services.

 

 

 

Sutton Bank (“Sutton”)

  

Sutton is our issuing bank for the Fintech Card. Sutton provides online banking, direct deposit, bank accounts, and debit functionality for our Cuentas Mastercards. Sutton is responsible for know your client (“KYC”) and Anti-Money Laundering (“AML”) compliance and enables customers to open Cuentas Prepaid Mastercard accounts electronically with non-conventional documentation that may not be accepted at traditional banks. They accept over 13 forms of identification, which, when used together with either Social Security or ITIN, can be used for confirmation of identity. These forms of identification include: Passport, Driver’s License, Matricula Consular and U.S. residency documentation, among others.

  

Interactive Communications International, Inc. (“InComm”)

 

On July 23, 2019, the Company entered into a Prepaid Services Agreement with InComm (the “InComm PSA”) to power and expand the Company’s GPR card network. InComm distributes gift and GPR cards through many major U.S. retailers and has long standing partnerships with over 1,000 of the most recognized brands that are eligible for Cuentas’ Discount Purchase Platform.

 

Under the InComm PSA, InComm will act as prepaid card processor and through its VanillaDirect network, expand the Company’s ability for cardholders to reload their Prepaid Cuentas Mastercards through a nationwide network of retailers. VanillaDirect is currently available at major retailers such as: Walmart, 7-Eleven, Walgreens, CVS Pharmacy, Rite Aid and many more. In addition, the Company is planning to implement the Vanillacash reload services into up to 31,600 U.S. locations through which it has access.

 

Under the InComm PSA, InComm will provide processing services, telephone support, data storage services, account servicing, reporting, output and hot carding services to the Company. Processing services will consist mainly of authorization and transaction processing services whereby InComm will process authorizations for transactions made with or on a prepaid product, along with any payments or adjustments made to a prepaid product. InComm will also process the Company’s data and post entries in accordance with the specifications. Data storage services will consist mainly of storage of the Company’s data in a format that is accessible online by the Company through APIs designated by InComm, subject to additional API and data sharing terms and conditions. InComm will also provide Web/API services for prepaid Cuentas GPR applications and transactions.

 

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In consideration for InComm’s services the Company agreed to pay an initial program setup and implementation fees in the amount of $500,000, of which, $300,000 was paid in 2020. Cuentas will then pay $50,000 each year at the beginning of the second, third, fourth and fifth anniversary of the agreement. In addition, the Company agreed to pay a minimum monthly fee of $30,000 starting October 2020, $50,000 during the second year following the launch of the Cuentas Mastercard and $75,000 thereafter. The Company also agreed to pay 0.25% of all funds added to the Cuentas Mastercards, excluding VanillaDirect Reload Network and an API Services fee of $0.005 per transaction. The Company may pay other fees as agreed between the Company and InComm.

 

Cuentas is currently offering discounted prices to its cardholders, through the Cuentas Wallet for the digital products and services illustrated in the graphic below. We intend to work to increase the quantity of offerings considerably in the future.

 

 

 

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The below graphic illustrates the elements that Cuentas has strategically developed to provide marketplace advantages.

 

The Cuentas Competitive GPR Advantages

 

 

 

Cuentas’ strategic overview to augment growth and minimize churn is illustrated in the graphic below. The goal is to offer the consumer a one-stop shop, easy to use, mobile wallet that can solve many of their daily needs and desires while saving them time and money.

 

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The Cuentas ECO System

 

 

 

The Western Union Company (“Western Union”)

 

On December 8, 2020, the Company entered into an Agency Agreement with Western Union whereby the Company is appointed as Western Union’s delegate and authorized to offer Western Union Money Transfer Services. This cooperation would allow Cuentas cardholders to transfer money internationally via the Western Union network directly from the Cuentas Mobile App. Western Union has been providing money transfer services around the world for more than a century and currently has more than 500,000 agent locations worldwide.

 

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Agreements and Arrangements with CIMA

 

License Agreement with CIMA

 

On December 31, 2019, the Company entered into a Platform Exclusive License Agreement with CIMA Telecom, Inc. (“CIMA”) and two subsidiaries of CIMA (the “CIMA License Agreement”). Pursuant to the CIMA License Agreement, the Company has an exclusive, non-transferable, non-sublicensable, royalty-free license to access and use the CIMA Licensed Technology in the form provided to the Company via the Hosting Services (as defined in the CIMA License Agreement) and solely within the Fintech space for the Company’s business purposes. Under the CIMA License Agreement, CIMA received a one-time licensing fee in the amount of $9,000,000 in the form of a convertible note that may be converted, at the option of CIMA, into up to 25% of the total shares of Common Stock of the Company on a fully diluted basis as of December 31, 2019. The transactions with CIMA closed on December 31, 2019 (the “CIMA Transaction Closing”). Pursuant to the CIMA License Agreement, the Company shall pay CIMA annual fees for the maintenance and support services in accordance with the following schedule: (i) for the first calendar year from the CIMA Transaction Closing, $300,000 to be paid on June 30, 2020; (ii) for the second calendar year from the CIMA Transaction Closing, $500,000 to be paid on December 31, 2020; (iii) for the third calendar year from the CIMA Transaction Closing, $700,000 to be paid on December 31, 2021; (iv) for the fourth) calendar year from the CIMA Transaction Closing, $1,000,000 to be paid on December 31, 2022; (v) for the fifth calendar year from the CIMA Transaction Closing, $640,000 to be paid on December 31, 2022; and (vi) for each calendar year thereafter, $640,000 to be paid on the anniversary date.

 

Contemporaneously with the CIMA Transaction Closing, the Company entered into a Note and Warrant Purchase Agreement (the “Purchase Agreement”) by and between the Company, CIMA and Dinar Zuz LLC (“Dinar”), pursuant to which the Company made and sold (i) to CIMA a 3% convertible promissory note (the “CIMA Convertible Promissory Note”) in the principal amount of $9,000,000 and (ii) a warrant to each of CIMA and Dinar (as described below). The Purchase Agreement contained customary representations, warranties, covenants, and conditions, including indemnification. Among other conditions to closing, the Company has agreed to take all necessary steps to amend and restate its Articles of Incorporation and to amend and restate its Bylaws.

 

On December 31, 2019 and pursuant to the CIMA Convertible Promissory Note, CIMA exercised its option to convert the CIMA Convertible Promissory Note into 702,992 shares of Common Stock of the Company.

 

Warrants

 

Contemporaneously with the CIMA Transaction Closing, the Company made and sold a warrant to each of (a) CIMA (the “CIMA Warrant”) and (b) Dinar (the “Dinar Warrant”), each in accordance with the Purchase Agreement. Pursuant to the CIMA Warrant and Dinar Warrant, upon exercise, each of CIMA and Dinar shall be entitled to purchase from the Company, in the aggregate, an amount of duly authorized, validly issued, fully paid and nonassessable shares of Common Stock equal to 25% of total outstanding shares of the Company on a fully-diluted basis (taking into account any warrants, options, debt convertible into shares or other rights underlying shares of the Company) as of the conversion date; provided, however, that each of the CIMA Warrant and Dinar Warrant shall increase to include 25% of any additional shares (or warrants, options, debt convertible into shares or other rights underlying shares of the Company) of the Company only to the extent such shares are issued in breach of the Voting Agreement (as defined below). Pursuant to their terms, the CIMA Warrant and Dinar Warrant were exercisable, in whole and not in part during the term commencing on December 31, 2019 and ending on the earlier of (a) thirty days following the date on which the Company amends and restates its Articles of Incorporation, which is amendment and restatement is filed with and accepted by the Secretary of State of the State of Florida or (b) upon a Change of Control, as defined in such warrants. At that point, the Warrants are automatically exercised. On September 17, 2020, the Company issued 2,000,000 of its Common Stock to each of Dinar and CIMA, under the automatic exercise of the warrants.

  

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Voting Agreement

 

Contemporaneously with the CIMA Transaction Closing, on December 31, 2019, the Company, CIMA, Dinar, Arik Maimon and Michael De Prado entered into a Voting Agreement (the “Voting Agreement”). Pursuant to the Voting Agreement, each of CIMA, Dinar and Mr. De Prado shall have the right to designate one director to the Board, and Mr. Maimon will have the right to designate two directors to the Board as promptly as practicable after the CIMA Transaction Closing. At each meeting of the Company’s shareholders at which the election of directors is to be considered, each of CIMA, Dinar, Mr. Maimon and Mr. De Prado shall have the right to designate one nominee for election at such meeting. Additionally, the Company has granted CIMA board observer rights whereby CIMA shall have the right to invite one representative to attend all meetings of the Board in a non-voting observer capacity. The size of the Board and appointee rights are subject to change in the event that the Company’s shares of Common Stock become listed on Nasdaq. Furthermore, pursuant to the Voting Agreement, each of Mr. Maimon and Mr. De Prado appointed each of CIMA and Dinar as their proxy and attorney-in-fact, with full with full power of substitution and resubstitution, to vote or act by written consent with respect to the shares of Voting Stock (as defined in the Voting Agreement) representing each individual’s pro rata percentage of the CIMA Proxy Stock and Dinar Proxy Stock (each as defined in the Voting Agreement), as may be recalculated from time to time subject to the terms and conditions of the Voting Agreement until the CIMA Warrant and Dinar Warrant are exercised, respectively. CIMA’s rights under the Voting Agreement automatically terminate upon the earliest to occur of: (a) the termination of the CIMA License Agreement; (b) the payment in full of all outstanding principal, accrued and unpaid interest, and all other amounts required to be paid by the Company to CIMA under the Debenture in cash and not as a result of the conversion of the debenture in the principal amount of $9,000,000 that is convertible into Common Stock of the Company; or (c) after the conversion of the Debenture into Common Stock of the Company, the date on which CIMA ceases to own 5% or more of the issued and outstanding Common Stock of the Company. Dinar’s rights under the Voting Agreement automatically terminate when Dinar ceases to own 5% or more of the issued and outstanding Common Stock of the Company.

 

Pledge Agreement

 

The Company also entered into an Asset Pledge Agreement with CIMA (the “Pledge Agreement”) pursuant to which the Company unconditionally and irrevocably pledged all of its rights, title and interest in and to the Licensed Technology and any rights and assets granted pursuant to the CIMA License Agreement to CIMA as a guarantee for the full and punctual fulfillment of its obligations under certain provisions of the Voting Agreement, which terms expire upon the exercise of the CIMA Warrant and Dinar Warrant, respectively, and the issuance of the securities under the CIMA Convertible Promissory Note and the CIMA Warrant. This occurred on September 21, 2020 and the Pledge Agreement expired.

 

Side Letter Agreement

 

Contemporaneously with the CIMA Transaction Closing, the Company, Mr. Maimon, Mr. De Prado, Dinar and CIMA entered into a side letter agreement (the “CIMA Side Letter”), dated December 31, 2019. Pursuant to the CIMA Side Letter, for as long as the CIMA License Agreement is in effect, the convertible promissory note (the “CIMA Convertible Note”) is outstanding and unpaid, or CIMA is a shareholder of the Company and owns at least 5% of the Company’s Common Stock, in addition to any other vote or approval required under the Company’s Articles of Incorporation, Bylaws, or any other agreement, each as amended from time to time, the Company has agreed not to take certain actions without certain approval thresholds of the directors appointed by CIMA, Dinar, Mr. Maimon and Mr. De Prado. These negative covenants restrict, among other things, the Company’s ability to incur additional debt, alter certain employment agreements currently in place, enter into any consolidation, combination, recapitalization or reorganization transactions, and issue additional capital stock. Additionally, pursuant to the CIMA Side Letter, upon conversion of the CIMA Convertible Note by CIMA, Cuentas shall have the primary right of first refusal, and each of Dinar, Mr. De Prado and Mr. Maimon have a secondary right of first refusal, to purchase any shares of Common Stock that CIMA intends to sell to the bona fide third party purchaser on the same terms and conditions as CIMA would have sold such shares of the Common Stock to any third party purchaser. Further, CIMA has a co-sale right to participate in a sale of shares of the Common Stock, in the event that Mr. De Prado, Mr. Maimon or any other director or officer of the Company holding greater than 1% of the Common Stock (on a fully diluted basis) proposes to sell any of his, her or its shares of Common Stock. In addition, CIMA and/or Dinar have been granted certain information rights, subject to their continued ownership of the CIMA Convertible Note or of 5% or more shares of the Company’s issued and outstanding Common Stock. Furthermore, pursuant to the CIMA Side Letter, upon a successful up-listing of the Company’s shares on Nasdaq, and once the market capitalization of the Company is greater than $50 million for a period of 10 consecutive trading days, each of Mr. Maimon and Mr. De Prado will have a right to earn a special bonus in the amount of $500,000 each.

 

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Cuentas Mobile 

Cuentas Mobile is our Mobile Virtual Network Operator (“MVNO”), which provided NextMobile branded mobile phones and prepaid voice, text, and data mobile phone services to a customer base currently consisting of approximately 1,000 subscribers. The brand name of these services is being migrated to Cuentas Mobile. Cuentas Mobile operates this business pursuant to contracts with Sprint Corporation, which allow Cuentas Mobile to use T-Mobile’s (formerly Sprint)’s network infrastructure to operate a virtual telecommunications network providing voice, text, and data services of essentially the same quality as those Sprint provides to its own retail subscribers. MVNOs such as Cricket, Boost, Simple and Lyca Mobile have been successful at creating brands, without owning the towers, hardware or network. Cuentas is currently reactivating distribution projects through grass roots retailers that normally interact with Cuentas’ target audience, specifically offering low-cost mobile phone service with the ability to make international calls to specific Spanish speaking countries in Central and South America. 

 

 

Graphic Description: Sample of creative message planned for future advertising campaign.

 

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We believe that our potential customers worldwide will migrate away from legacy telephone and banking systems to enhanced mobility solutions, the Company’s technological advantage and the synergies created by its unique combination of reloadable bank card and mobile virtual network operator rights will make its products increasingly useful to unbanked, under-banked, under-served and other emerging niche markets.

 

Meimoun & Mammon LLC

 

Meimoun & Mammon LLC (“M&M”) is a retail provider of domestic and international long-distance voice, text, and data telephony services to consumers in the United States and throughout the world. M&M holds International and Domestic Section 214 authority issued by the FCC. M&M operates the retail Tel3 business as a separate division.

 

M&M uses both private and public Internet services to function as the backbone of the M&M Network.

 

Regulatory Compliance

 

We operate in an ever-evolving and complex legal and regulatory environment. We, the products and services that we offer and market, and those for which we provide processing services, are subject to a variety of federal, state and foreign laws and regulations, including, but not limited to: federal communications laws and regulations; foreign jurisdiction communications laws and regulations; federal anti-money laundering laws and regulations, including the Patriot Act, the BSA, anti-terrorist financing laws and anti-bribery and corrupt practice laws and regulations in the U.S., and similar international laws and regulations, including the Proceeds of Crime (Money Laundering) and Terrorist Financing Act in Canada; state unclaimed property laws and money transmitter or similar licensing requirements; federal and state consumer protection laws, including the CARD Act, and the Dodd-Frank Act, and regulations relating to privacy and data security; and foreign jurisdiction payment services industry regulations.

 

Our subsidiaries Cuentas Mobile and M&M are subject to regulation by the FCC and other government agencies and task forces. M&M holds International and Domestic Section 214 licenses issued by the FCC, which may be suspended or revoked by the FCC if M&M does not strictly comply with all applicable regulations and the terms and conditions under which the International and Domestic Section 214 licenses were issued. Cuentas Mobile and M&M are also subject to foreign jurisdiction communications laws and regulations. We believe that we, including our subsidiaries, are currently operating in compliance with all applicable laws and regulations, but there is no certainty that laws and regulations affecting our business will not change. Any such change of laws and regulations applicable to our business might adversely affect our ability to execute our business plan and achieve profitable operating results.

 

At the federal level, Congress and federal regulatory agencies have enacted and implemented new laws and regulations that affect the prepaid industry, such the CARD Act and FinCEN’s Prepaid Access Rule. Moreover, there are currently proposals before Congress that could further substantially change the way banks, including prepaid card issuing banks and other financial services companies, are regulated and are permitted to offer their products to consumers. Non-bank financial services companies, including money transmitters and prepaid access providers, are now regulated at the federal level by the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (the “CFPB”), which began operations in July 2011, bringing additional uncertainty to the regulatory system and its impact on our business. We are increasingly facing more stringent anti-money laundering rules and regulations, compliance with which may increase our costs of operation, decrease our operating revenues and disrupt our business. Abuse of our prepaid products for purposes of financing sanctioned countries, terrorist funding, bribery or corruption could cause reputational or other harm that could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition. Failure to comply with, or further expansion of, consumer protection regulations could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition. Failure by us to comply with federal banking regulation may subject us to fines and penalties and our relationships with our issuing banks may be harmed.

 

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Most states regulate the business of sellers of traveler’s checks, money orders, drafts and other monetary instruments, which we refer to collectively as money transmitters. While many states expressly exempt banks and their agents from regulation as money transmitters, others purport to regulate the money transmittal businesses of bank agents or do not extend exemptions to non-branch bank agents. In those states where we are required to be licensed, we are subject to direct supervision and regulation by the relevant state banking departments or similar agencies charged with enforcement of the money transmitter statutes and must comply with various restrictions and requirements, such as those related to the maintenance of certain levels of net worth, surety bonding, selection and oversight of our authorized delegates, permissible investments in an amount equal to our outstanding payment obligations with respect to some of the products subject to licensure, recordkeeping and reporting, and disclosures to consumers. We are also subject to periodic examinations by the relevant licensing authorities, which may include reviews of our compliance practices, policies and procedures, financial position and related records, various agreements that we have with our issuing banks, retail distribution partners and other third parties, privacy and data security policies and procedures, and other matters related to our business. As a regulated entity, Cuentas may incur significant costs associated with regulatory compliance. We anticipate that compliance costs and requirements will increase in the future for our regulated subsidiaries and that additional subsidiaries will need to become subject to these or new regulations. If we fail to maintain our existing money transmitter licenses or permits, or fail to obtain new licenses or permits in a timely manner, our business, results of operations and financial condition could be materially and adversely affected.

 

Recent Developments

 

COVID-19

 

In December 2019, a novel strain of coronavirus was reported to have surfaced in Wuhan, China, which has and is continuing to spread throughout China and other parts of the world, including the United States. On January 30, 2020, the World Health Organization declared the outbreak of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) a “Public Health Emergency of International Concern.” On January 31, 2020, U.S. Health and Human Services Secretary Alex M. Azar II declared a public health emergency for the United States to aid the U.S. healthcare community in responding to COVID-19, and on March 11, 2020 the World Health Organization characterized the outbreak as a “pandemic”. A significant outbreak of COVID-19 and other infectious diseases could result in a widespread health crisis that could adversely affect the economies and financial markets worldwide, as well as our business and operations. The extent to which COVID-19 impacts our business and results of operations will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted, including new information which may emerge concerning the severity of COVID-19 and the actions to contain COVID-19 or treat its impact, among others. If the disruptions posed by COVID-19 or other matters of global concern continue for an extensive period of time, our business and results of operations may be materially adversely affected. 

 

Amendment to Bylaws

 

On December 30, 2020, in connection with the Company’s IPO, the Company amended its Bylaws to, among other items:

 

allow a majority of the directors to have the power to determine and declare whether a director was nominated in accordance with the prescribed procedures;

 

allow a majority of the directors to have the power to determine and declare whether a business proposal was made in accordance with the prescribed procedures;

 

allow the directors to appoint the chairman for each meeting of the shareholders;

 

require that committees of the board be comprised of at least three members, each of whom must be independent; and

 

allow for the compensation committee to review and approve compensation.

 

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Reverse Split

 

On January 28, 2021, the Company filed Articles of Amendment to the Articles of Incorporation of the Company with the Secretary of State of Florida, pursuant to which, effective as of February 2, 2021, the Company effected a 1-for-2.5 reverse split of its authorized and issued and outstanding shares of Common Stock. No fractional shares will be issued as a result of the reverse stock split. Fractional shares will be rounded up the nearest whole share, after aggregating all fractional shares held by a stockholder.

 

On February 4, 2021 the Company sold an aggregate of 2,790,697 units at a price to the public of $4.30 per unit (the “Offering”), each unit consisting of one share of the Company’s Common Stock, par value $0.001 per share (the “Common Stock”), and a warrant exercisable for five years to purchase one share of Common Stock at an exercise price of $4.30 per share (the “Warrants”), pursuant to that certain Underwriting Agreement, dated as of February 1, 2021 (the “Underwriting Agreement”), between the Company and Maxim Group LLC (the “Representative” or “Maxim”), as representative of the sole underwriter. In addition, pursuant to the Underwriting Agreement, the Company granted the Underwriter a 45-day option to purchase up to 418,604 additional shares of Common Stock, and/or 418,604 additional Warrants, to cover over-allotments in connection with the Offering. The Company received gross proceeds of approximately $12.0 million, before deducting underwriting discounts and commissions of 8% of the gross proceeds and estimated Offering expenses. Pursuant to the Underwriting Agreement, the Company also issued to the Underwriter warrants (the “Underwriter’s Warrants”) to purchase up to a total of 223,256 shares of Common Stock (8% of the shares of Common Stock sold in the Offering). The Underwriter’s Warrants are exercisable at $5.375 per share of Common Stock and have a term of five years.

 

The total expenses of the offering were approximately $1.4 million, which included Maxim’s expenses relating to the offering.

 

On March 4, 2021 and pursuant to the Underwriting Agreement, Maxim exercised its 45-day option to purchase up to 418,604 additional Warrants, to cover over-allotments in connection with the Offering.

  

Entry into and Repayment of a Short-Term Loan with Labrys Funds LP

 

On September 2, 2020, the Company issued the Labrys Note to Labrys Funds LP (“Labrys”). The Labrys Note bears interest at a rate of 12% per annum, and was to mature on September 2, 2021. An amortized, monthly payment of principal and interest in the sum of $67,760 started in December 2020, with ability to extend the starting date of such amortized payments for up to two months upon notice, and the remaining loan principal becomes payable on maturity. The Labrys Note had an original issue discount in the amount of $60,500, and the issuing expenses were $40,000, resulting in net proceeds of $505,000. The Company also issued 70,906 shares of its Common Stock to Labrys. Out of those, 16,500 shares of Common Stock were issued in consideration of a commitment fee and the balance are subject to return to the Company once the Labrys Note is paid in full, if there were no defaults. In the event of a default, as defined in the Labrys Note, Labrys would have the right, to convert all or any portion of the then outstanding and unpaid principal amount and interest into fully paid and non-assessable shares of Common Stock, as such Common Stock exists on the date of the Labrys Note, or any shares of capital stock or other securities of the Company into which such Common Stock shall be changed or reclassified, at the conversion price as set forth in the Labrys Note. On February 12, 2021, the Company prepaid its loan to Labrys and Labrys returned the Second Commitment shares to the Company. 

 

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Results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020

 

Revenue

 

Revenues during the three months ended March 31, 2021 totaled $225,000 compared to $134,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2020. The Company generated most of its revenue through the sale and distribution of prepaid telecom minutes, digital products and other related telecom services. The Company have generated sales from its Fintech products and services in the amount of $18,000 during the first quarter of 2021.

 

Costs of Revenue

 

Costs of revenue consists of the purchase of wholesale minutes for resale and related telecom platform costs. Cost of revenues during the three months ended March 31, 2021 totaled $ 247,000 compared to $177,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2020. Cost of revenue consists mainly of the purchase of wholesale minutes for resale, related telecom platform costs and purchase of digital products. Cost of revenue also consisted from cost related to the sale of the Company’s GPR Card in the amount of $92,000 due to additional developments and testing that the Company conducted on its GPR product.

 

Gross Loss

 

Gross loss is the net loss existing after the cost of sales. Gross loss decreased to a loss of $22,000 for the quarter ended March 31, 2021, as compared to a loss of $47,000 for the same period in the prior year. The decrease in gross profit for the quarter ended March 31, 2021, as compared to the same period in the prior year, was primarily a result of higher profits in our telecom business.

 

Stock-based Compensation and shares issued for services

 

Stock-based compensation and shares issued for services expenses decreased to $276,000 from $1,125,000 as a result of fewer issuance of shares issued for employees and for service providers.

 

Other Selling, General and Administrative Expenses

 

Other selling, general and administrative expenses totaled $862,000 during the three months ended March 31, 2021 compared to $1,414,000 during the three months ended March 31, 2020 representing a net decrease of $552,000. The decrease in the operating expenses is mainly due to a one-time fee implantation fee in the amount of $300,000 that was paid to Incomm during the three months ended March 31, 2020

 

Amortization of Intangible assets

 

Amortization of Intangible assets totaled $452,000 for the quarter ended March 31, 2021 and $450,000 for the quarter ended March 31, 2020, respectively. The increase is due to the amortization of the domain cuemtas.com which was purchased by the Company during the quarter ended March 31, 2021 in consideration of approximately $47,000.

 

Operating Expenses

 

Operating expenses totaled $1,590,000 during the three months ended March 31, 2021 compared to $2,539,000 during the three months ended March 31, 2020 representing a net decrease of 945,000. The decrease in the operating expenses is mainly due to decrease in Stock based compensation and shares issued for services.

 

Other Income 

 

The Company recognized other expense of $63,000 during the three months ended March 31, 2021 compared to an income $422,000 during the three months ended March 31, 2020. The net change from the prior period is mainly due to the change in our stock-based liabilities and interest expenses that we occurred. Gain from Change in Fair Value of stock-based liabilities for the three-month period ended March 31, 2021 was $56,000 as compared to a gain of $359,000 for the three-month period ended March 31, 2020. The gain (loss) is attributable to the decrease in the Fair Value of our stock-based liabilities mainly due to the decrease (increase) in the price of share of our common stock.

 

Net Income (Loss) 

 

We incurred a net loss of $1,675,000 for the three-month period ended March 31, 2021, as compared to a net loss of $2,163,000 for the three-month period ended March 31, 2020.

 

We may incur future operating losses. To regain and sustain profitability, we must, among other things, incrementally grow and maintain our customer base, sell our GPR products to existing and new customers, implement successful marketing strategies, maintain and upgrade our technology and transaction-processing systems, provide superior customer service, respond to competitive developments, attract, retain and motivate personnel, and respond to unforeseen industry developments among other factors.

 

We believe that our success will depend in large part on our ability to (a) grow sales, (b) manage our operating expenses, (c) add customers to our client base, (d) meet evolving customer requirements and (e) adapt to technological changes in an emerging market. We continue to invest in our sales force and technology platforms to drive revenue growth.

  

Inflation and Seasonality

 

In management’s opinion, our results of operations have not been materially affected by inflation or seasonality, and management does not expect that inflation risk or seasonality would cause material impact on our operations in the future.

 

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Liquidity and Capital Resources

  

Liquidity is the ability of a company to generate funds to support its current and future operations, satisfy its obligations, and otherwise operate on an ongoing basis. Significant factors in the management of liquidity are funds generated by operations, levels of accounts receivable and accounts payable and capital expenditures.

 

As of March 31, 2021, the Company had $6,482,000 of cash, total current assets of $6,727,000 and total current liabilities of $3,249,000 creating a working capital of $3,478,000. As of December 31, 2020, the Company had $227,000 of cash, total current assets of $296,000 and total current liabilities of $6,480,000 creating a working capital deficit of $6,184,000. The increase in our working capital deficit was mainly attributable to the decrease in Accounts Payables in the amount of 1,952,000, decrease in our other Accounts Payables in the amount of 1,376,000 and increase in our Cash and Cash equivalents in the amount of $6,255,000.

 

On February 4, 2021 the Company sold an aggregate of 2,790,697 units at a price to the public of $4.30 per unit (the “Offering”), each unit consisting of one share of the Company’s Common Stock, par value $0.001 per share (the “Common Stock”), and a warrant exercisable for five years to purchase one share of Common Stock at an exercise price of $4.30 per share (the “Warrants”), pursuant to that certain Underwriting Agreement, dated as of February 1, 2021 (the “Underwriting Agreement”), between the Company and Maxim Group LLC (the “Representative” or “Maxim”), as representative of the sole underwriter. In addition, pursuant to the Underwriting Agreement, the Company granted the Underwriter a 45-day option to purchase up to 418,604 additional shares of Common Stock, and/or 418,604 additional Warrants, to cover over-allotments in connection with the Offering. The Company received gross proceeds of approximately $12.0 million, before deducting underwriting discounts and commissions of 8% of the gross proceeds and estimated Offering expenses. Pursuant to the Underwriting Agreement, the Company also issued to the Underwriter warrants (the “Underwriter’s Warrants”) to purchase up to a total of 223,256 shares of Common Stock (8% of the shares of Common Stock sold in the Offering). The Underwriter’s Warrants are exercisable at $5.375 per share of Common Stock and have a term of five years. The total expenses of the offering were approximately $1.4 million, which included Maxim’s expenses relating to the offering.

 

On February 12 2021 the Company prepaid its loan to Labrys and Labrys returned the Second Commitment shares to the Company. The prepayment amount was approximately $635,000.

 

On March 5, 2021 the Company prepaid its loan to Dinar Zuz. The prepayment amount was approximately $378,000.

 

On April 20, 2021 the Company paid off its convertible promissory note and accrued interest in the amount of $260,000 to the private investor. The Company paid an amount equal to $125,000 plus $ 5,000, which represents the amount of interest accrued on such $125,000 since the date on which the loan was made under the Note through April 16, 2021. In addition, The Company issued 30,233 shares of Common Stock of the Company. The Company issued such shares in reliance on the exemptions from registration pursuant to Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act.

  

Cash Flows

 

Net cash used in operating activities was $3,356,000 for the three-month period ended March 31, 2021, as compared to cash used in operating activities of $738,000 for the three-month period ended March 31, 2020. The Company’s primary uses of cash have been for professional support and working capital purposes.

 

Net cash used in investing activities was $47,000 for the three-month period ended March 31, 2021. Net cash used in investing activities was $0 for the three-month period ended March 31, 2020. 

 

Net cash provided by financing activities was approximately $9,658,000 for the three-month period ended March 31, 2020, as compared to net cash provided by financing activities was approximately $743,000 for the three-month period ended March 31, 2020.

 

Due to our operational losses, we have principally financed our operations through the sale of our Common Stock and the issuance of convertible debt.

 

We have principally financed our operations through the sale of our Common Stock to private investors, issuance of convertible loans debt and loans from our shareholders.

 

Our lack of operating history makes predictions of future operating results difficult to ascertain. Our prospects must be considered in light of the risks, expenses and difficulties frequently encountered by companies in their early stage of development, particularly companies in new and rapidly evolving markets. Such risks for us include, but are not limited to, an evolving and unpredictable business model and the management of growth.

 

To address these risks, we must, among other things, implement and successfully execute our business and marketing strategy surrounding the Cuentas Mastercard, continually develop and upgrade our website, respond to competitive developments, lower our financing costs and specifically our accounts receivable factoring costs, and attract, retain and motivate qualified personnel. There can be no assurance that we will be successful in addressing such risks, and the failure to do so can have a material adverse effect on our business prospects, financial condition and results of operations.

 

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Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

As at March 31, 2021, we had no off-balance sheet arrangements of any nature.

 

Critical Accounting Policies

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP in the United States requires our management to make assumptions, estimates and judgments that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements, including the notes thereto, and related disclosures of commitments and contingencies, if any. Note 3 to our consolidated audited financial statements filed with the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020 describes the significant accounting policies and methods used in the preparation of our financial statements. We consider our critical accounting policies to be those related to share-based payments because they are both important to the portrayal of our financial condition and require management to make judgments and estimates about uncertain matters.

 

Recently Issued Accounting Standards 

 

New pronouncements issued but not effective as of March 31, 2021 are not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

Other accounting standards that have been issued or proposed by the FASB or other standards-setting bodies that do not require adoption until a future date are not expected to have a material impact on our financial statements upon adoption.

.

ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK.

 

As a smaller reporting company, we are not required to provide the information required by this item.

 

ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES.

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures 

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures. We maintain “disclosure controls and procedures” as such term is defined in Rule 13a-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. In designing and evaluating our disclosure controls and procedures, our management recognized that disclosure controls and procedures, no matter how well conceived and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the objectives of disclosure controls and procedures are met. Additionally, in designing disclosure controls and procedures, our management necessarily was required to apply its judgment in evaluating the cost-benefit relationship of possible disclosure controls and procedures. The design of any disclosure controls and procedures is also based in part upon certain assumptions about the likelihood of future events, and there can be no assurance that any design will succeed in achieving its stated goals under all potential future conditions.

 

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The Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based on such evaluation, and as discussed in greater detail below, the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have concluded that, as of the end of the period covered by this report, disclosure controls and procedures are not effective: 

 

 to give reasonable assurance that the information required to be disclosed in reports that are file under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms, and
   
 to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the reports that are file or submitted under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 is accumulated and communicated to management, including our CEO and our Treasurer, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

 

Based on that evaluation, management concluded that, during the period covered by this report, such internal controls and procedures were not effective due to the following material weakness identified:

 

 Lack of appropriate segregation of duties,

  

 Lack of information technology (“IT”) controls over revenue,

 

 Lack of adequate review of internal controls to ascertain effectiveness,

 

 Lack of control procedures that include multiple levels of supervision and review, and

 

Implemented or Planned Remedial Actions in response to the Material Weaknesses

 

We will continue to strive to correct the above noted weakness in internal control once we have adequate funds to do so. We believe appointing a director who qualifies as a financial expert will improve the overall performance of our control over our financial reporting.

 

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

 

Management is in the process of determining how best to change our current system and implement a more effective system to ensure that information required to be disclosed has been recorded, processed, summarized and reported accurately. Our management acknowledges the existence of this issue, and intends to develop procedures to address it to the extent possible given limitations in financial and human resources in and to remediate all the material weaknesses by the end of the fiscal quarter ending March 31, 2021.

 

Changes in Internal Controls over Financial Reporting

 

Our management, with the participation of our CEO and CFO, performed an evaluation to determine whether any change in our internal controls over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) under the Exchange Act) occurred during the three-month period ended March 31, 2021. Based on that evaluation, our CEO and our CFO concluded that no change occurred in the Company’s internal controls over financial reporting during the three-month period ended March 31, 2021 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal controls over financial reporting.

 

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PART II – OTHER INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

From time to time, we may become involved in various lawsuits and legal proceedings which arise in the ordinary course of business. However, litigation is subject to inherent uncertainties, and an adverse result in these or other matters may arise from time to time that may harm our business.

 

On December 20, 2017, a complaint was filed by J. P. Carey Enterprises, Inc. (“JP Carey”) alleging a claim for $473,000 related to Franjose Yglesias-Bertheau, a former Vice President of PLKD. Even though the Company made the agreed payment of $10,000 on January 2, 2017, and issued 6,001 shares of Common Stock as conversion of the $70,000 note as agreed in its settlement agreement, JP Carey alleges damages that the Company claims are without merit because JP Carey received full compensation as agreed. The Company is in the process of defending itself against these claims. The Company has not accrued losses related to this claim due to the early stages of litigation. On January 29, 2019, the Company was served with another complaint by JP Carey claiming similar issues as to the previous complaint, with the new claimed damages totaling $1,108,037.85. JP Carey and the Company filed motions for a summary judgment. On October 1, 2020, the Superior Court of Fulton County, State of Georgia granted the Company’s motion for summary judgment and denied JP Carey’s motion for summary judgment. On October 30, 2020, JP Carey filed a notice of appeal to the trial court’s October 1 and 7, 2020 orders granting summary judgment in favor of Cuentas. The briefing in the appeal was completed during the first quarter of 2021. Oral argument held on April 13, 2021 but no decision has been rendered yet. On November 16, 2020, Cuentas filed a motion seeking payment from JP Carey of $140,970.82 in attorney fees and costs accrued as of November 13, 2020. JP Carey’s responded brief was filed on or about December 21, 2020 and thereafter Cuentas filed its reply. The trial court has not yet set a date to hear this motion.

 

On October 23, 2018, Cuentas was served by Telco Cuba Inc. for an amount in excess of $15,000 but the total amount was not specified. The Company was served on December 7, 2018, with a complaint alleging damages including unspecified damages for product, advertising and other damages in addition to $50,000 paid to Defendants. Cuentas has hired an attorney and has taken steps to defend itself vigorously in this case. Depositions are in process of being scheduled.

 

On October 25, 2018, the Company was served with a complaint by former company Chief Financial Officer, Michael Naparstek, claiming breach of contract for 833,333 shares (pre-2018 reverse stock split), $25,554 of compensation and $8,823 of expenses. This case was withdrawn in Palm Beach County and on January 11, 2019, a similar complaint was filed in Miami-Dade County. During the recent mediation, the Company and Mr. Naparstek reached an understanding of full settlement amount of $2,500. The Company has deposited the settlement amount to an escrow account of its counsel until a stipulation of settlement will be executed by both parties.

 

On November 7, 2018, the Company and its now former subsidiary, Limecom, were served with a complaint by IDT Domestic Telecom, Inc. for telecommunications services provided to Limecom during 2018 in the amount of $50,000. The Company has no accrual expenses as of December 31, 2019, related to the complaint given the early nature of the process. Limecom was a subsidiary of the Company during this period but since the Limecom Acquisition was rescinded on January 30, 2019, and Limecom agreed to indemnify and hold harmless Cuentas from this and other debts. Cuentas hired an attorney and is defending itself vigorously in this case. A court ordered mandatory arbitration session took place and the arbitration findings were issued on June 19, 2020, and a request for trial de novo was filed on July 16, 2020, in order to have the matter docketed on the calendar. The motion for summary judgment filed by Cuentas Inc. with the New Jersey Superior Court initially set for October 16, 2020 was heard on October 30, 2020 after being rescheduled by the court. Oral arguments were held over the phone via conference call. The court came to the determination that while not indicative of success at trial, the court denied Plaintiff’s motion for summary judgment. Presently, there is a current trial date set for July 6, 2021.

 

On May 1, 2019, the Company received a notice of demand for arbitration from Secure IP Telecom, Inc. (“Secure IP”), who allegedly had a Reciprocal Carrier Services Agreement (“RCS”) exclusively with Limecom and not with Cuentas. The arbitration demand originated from another demand for arbitration that Secure IP received from VoIP Capital International (“VoIP”) in March 2019, demanding $1,052,838.09 in damages allegedly caused by unpaid receivables that Limecom assigned to VoIP based on the RCS. On June 5, 2020, SecureIP filed a complaint against Limecom, Heritage Ventures Limited (“Heritage”), an unrelated third party and owner of Limecom, and the Company. The complaint primarily concerns alleged indebtedness owed SecureIP by Limecom. SecureIP also alleges that Cuentas received certain transfers of funds which it alleges may be an avoidable transfer under Florida Statute §725.105 up to $1,052,838.09. Cuentas is contemplating filing a motion to dismiss the complaint and disputes that it received the alleged $1,052,838.09 from Limecom. Moreover, to the extent Cuentas has exposure for any transfers from Limecom, both Limecom and Heritage have indemnified Cuentas for any such liability. The Company will vigorously defend its position to be removed as a named party in this action due to the fact that Cuentas rescinded the Limecom Acquisition on January 30, 2019.

 

On April 1, 2021 the Company executed a lease for office space effective April 1, 2019. The lease requires monthly rental payments of $7.

 

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ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

 

Not applicable.

 

ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

 

On February 2, 2021, the Company issued 20,000 shares of its Common Stock to its Chief Financial Officer, 40,000 shares of its Common Stock to a member of the Board of Directors of the Company and 2,933 shares of its Common Stock to a former employee. The fair market value of the shares was $459,000. We issued such shares in reliance on the exemptions from registration pursuant to Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act.

 

On March 17, 2021, the Company issued 10,000 shares of its Common Stock pursuant to a service Agreement between the Company and a service provider, dated May 16, 2019. The fair market value of the shares at the issuance date was $38,000. We issued such shares in reliance on the exemptions from registration pursuant to Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act.

 

On April 20, 2021 the Company paid off its loan and accrued interest in the amount of $260,000 to private investor. The Company paid an amount equal to $125,000 plus $ 5,000, which represents the amount of interest accrued on such $125,000 since the date on which the loan was made under the Note through April 16, 2021. In addition, The Company issued 30,233 shares of Common Stock of the Company. We issued such shares in reliance on the exemptions from registration pursuant to Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act.

 

ITEM 3. DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR DEBT

 

None.

 

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

 

None.

 

ITEM 5. OTHER INFORMATION

 

None

 

ITEM 6. EXHIBITS

 

Exhibit No. Description Location
10.1 Amendment to Convertible Promissory Note and Payoff Agreement Filed herewith
31.1 Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 Filed herewith
31.2 Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 Filed herewith
32.1 Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 Filed herewith
32.2 Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 Filed herewith
101.INS  XBRL Instance Document Filed herewith
101.SCH XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Filed herewith
101.CAL XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Filed herewith
101.DEF XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Filed herewith
101.LAB XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Filed herewith
101.PRE XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Filed herewith

 

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SIGNATURES

 

In accordance with the requirements of the Exchange Act, the registrant caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

 Cuentas, Inc.
 (Registrant)
  
Date: May 5, 2021By:/s/ Arik Maimon
  Interim Chief Executive Officer
   
 By:/s/ Ran Daniel
  Chief Financial Officer

 

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