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ALJJ Alj Regional

Filed: 11 Feb 21, 4:08pm

 

 

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the Quarterly Period Ended December 31, 2020

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from           to           

Commission File Number: 001-37689

 

ALJ REGIONAL HOLDINGS, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

Delaware

 

13-4082185

(State or other jurisdiction of

 

(I.R.S. Employer

incorporation or organization)

 

Identification Number)

244 Madison Avenue, PMB #358

New York, NY 10016

(Address of principal executive offices, Zip code)

(888) 486-7775

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

 

Title of class of registered securities

Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share

Ticker Symbol

ALJJ

Name of exchange on which registered

NASDAQ

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.   Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).   Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

 

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

 

Smaller Reporting Company

Emerging growth company

 

 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes        No   

The number of shares of common stock, $0.01 par value per share, outstanding as of February 1, 2021 was 42,321,048.

 

 


 

 

CAUTIONARY STATEMENT REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

The statements included in this Form 10-Q regarding future financial performance, results and conditions and other statements that are not historical facts, including, among others, the statements regarding competition, the Company’s intention to retain earnings for use in the Company’s business operations, the Company’s ability to continue to fund its operations and service its indebtedness, the adequacy of the Company’s accrual for tax liabilities, management’s projection of continued taxable income, and the Company’s ability to offset future income against net operating loss carryovers, constitute forward-looking statements. The words “can,” “could,” “may,” “will,” “would,” “plan,” “future,” “believes,” “intends,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “projects,” “estimates,” and similar expressions are also intended to identify forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are based on current expectations and are subject to risks and uncertainties. Actual results or events could differ materially from those set forth or implied by such forward-looking statements and related assumptions due to certain important factors, including, without limitation, the risks set forth under the caption “Risk Factors” below, which are incorporated herein by reference. Some, but not all, of the forward-looking statements contained in this Form 10-Q include, among other things, statements about the following:

 

any statements regarding our expectations for future performance;

 

our ability to integrate business acquisitions;

 

our ability to compete effectively;

 

statements regarding future revenue and the potential concentration of such revenue coming from a limited number of customers;

 

our ability to meet customer needs;

 

our expectations that interest expense will increase;

 

our expectations that we will continue to have non-cash compensation expenses;

 

our expectation that we will be in compliance with the required covenants pursuant to our loan agreements;

 

regulatory compliance costs;

 

our ability to manage cost cutting activities;

 

the potential adverse impact of the novel coronavirus disease (“COVID-19”) pandemic on our business, operations and the markets and communities in which we and our customers, vendors and employees operate;

 

our ability to improve margins and profitability on contracts we enter into; and

 

the other matters described in “Risk Factors,” “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and “Business.”

The Company is also subject to general business risks, including results of tax audits, adverse state, federal or foreign legislation and regulation, changes in general economic conditions, the Company’s ability to retain and attract key employees, acts of war or global terrorism and unexpected natural disasters. Any forward-looking statements included in this Form 10-Q are made as of the date hereof, based on information available to the Company as of the date hereof, and the Company assumes no obligation to update any forward-looking statements.

 

2


 

ALJ REGIONAL HOLDINGS, INC.

QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2020

INDEX

 

 

 

 

 

Page

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

4

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1

 

Financial Statements

 

4

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

 

4

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations (unaudited)

 

5

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (unaudited)

 

6

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Equity (unaudited)

 

8

 

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

 

9

 

 

 

 

 

Item 2

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

31

 

 

 

 

 

Item 3

 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

40

 

 

 

 

 

Item 4

 

Controls and Procedures

 

40

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PART II – OTHER INFORMATION

 

41

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1

 

Legal Proceedings

 

41

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1A

 

Risk Factors

 

41

 

 

 

 

 

Item 2

 

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

 

53

 

 

 

 

 

Item 3

 

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

 

53

 

 

 

 

 

Item 4

 

Mine Safety Disclosures

 

53

 

 

 

 

 

Item 5

 

Other Information

 

53

 

 

 

 

 

Item 6

 

Exhibits

 

54

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Signatures

 

55

 

3


 

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1 - Financial Statements

 

ALJ REGIONAL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(in thousands, except par value)

 

 

 

December 31,

 

 

September 30,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2020

 

ASSETS

 

(unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

2,580

 

 

$

6,050

 

Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $754 and $1,108

   at December 31, 2020 and September 30, 2020, respectively

 

 

66,522

 

 

 

59,361

 

Inventories, net

 

 

6,944

 

 

 

7,453

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

10,223

 

 

 

9,748

 

Total current assets

 

 

86,269

 

 

 

82,612

 

Property and equipment, net

 

 

67,688

 

 

 

68,383

 

Operating lease right-of-use assets

 

 

32,614

 

 

 

 

Intangible assets, net

 

 

34,598

 

 

 

35,887

 

Collateral deposits

 

 

487

 

 

 

424

 

Other assets

 

 

4,425

 

 

 

2,938

 

Total assets

 

$

226,081

 

 

$

190,244

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

16,804

 

 

$

18,170

 

Accrued expenses

 

 

26,506

 

 

 

20,312

 

Income taxes payable

 

 

19

 

 

 

9

 

Deferred revenue and customer deposits

 

 

8,516

 

 

 

8,768

 

Term loans, net of deferred loan costs - current installments

 

 

10,014

 

 

 

9,827

 

Finance lease obligations - current installments

 

 

2,132

 

 

 

2,437

 

Operating lease obligations - current installments

 

 

5,845

 

 

 

 

Current portion of workers' compensation reserve

 

 

1,008

 

 

 

1,008

 

Other current liabilities

 

 

4,564

 

 

 

60

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

75,408

 

 

 

60,591

 

Line of credit, net of deferred loan costs

 

 

13,299

 

 

 

13,753

 

Term loans, less current portion, net of deferred loan costs

 

 

71,891

 

 

 

73,482

 

Deferred revenue, less current portion

 

 

2,569

 

 

 

2,358

 

Workers' compensation reserve, less current portion

 

 

1,894

 

 

 

1,894

 

Finance lease obligations, less current installments

 

 

2,430

 

 

 

2,900

 

Operating lease obligations, less current installments

 

 

36,165

 

 

 

 

Deferred tax liabilities, net

 

 

960

 

 

 

987

 

Other non-current liabilities

 

 

6,479

 

 

 

17,223

 

Total liabilities

 

 

211,095

 

 

 

173,188

 

Commitments and contingencies (Note 9)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock, $0.01 par value; authorized – 100,000 shares; 42,321 and 42,298

   issued and outstanding at December 31, 2020 and September 30, 2020, respectively

 

 

423

 

 

 

423

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

288,210

 

 

 

288,193

 

Accumulated deficit

 

 

(273,647

)

 

 

(271,560

)

Total stockholders’ equity

 

 

14,986

 

 

 

17,056

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

 

$

226,081

 

 

$

190,244

 

See accompanying notes

4


 

ALJ REGIONAL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (UNAUDITED)

(in thousands, except per share amounts)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

December 31,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Net revenue

 

$

119,830

 

 

$

90,465

 

Costs and expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of revenue

 

 

100,421

 

 

 

75,726

 

Selling, general, and administrative expense

 

 

18,688

 

 

 

16,610

 

(Gain) loss on disposal of assets, net

 

 

(67

)

 

 

2

 

Total operating expenses

 

 

119,042

 

 

 

92,338

 

Operating income (loss)

 

 

788

 

 

 

(1,873

)

Other (expense) income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest expense, net

 

 

(2,582

)

 

 

(2,564

)

Interest from legal settlement

 

 

 

 

 

200

 

Total other expense, net

 

 

(2,582

)

 

 

(2,364

)

Loss before income taxes

 

 

(1,794

)

 

 

(4,237

)

Provision for income taxes

 

 

(293

)

 

 

(40

)

Net loss

 

$

(2,087

)

 

$

(4,277

)

Loss per share of common stock–basic and diluted

 

$

(0.05

)

 

$

(0.10

)

Weighted average shares of common stock outstanding–

   basic and diluted

 

 

42,318

 

 

 

42,173

 

See accompanying notes

5


 

ALJ REGIONAL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)

(in thousands) 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended December 31,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Operating activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(2,087

)

 

$

(4,277

)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to cash provided by (used for) operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization expense

 

 

5,157

 

 

 

5,242

 

(Reversal) provision for bad debts and obsolete inventory

 

 

(162

)

 

 

104

 

Interest expense and other bank fees accreted to term loans

 

 

560

 

 

 

6

 

Amortization of deferred loan costs

 

 

185

 

 

 

173

 

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

48

 

 

 

112

 

Fair value of warrants issued in connection with debt modification

 

 

 

 

 

594

 

(Gain) loss on disposal of assets, net

 

 

(67

)

 

 

2

 

Deferred income taxes

 

 

(27

)

 

 

(1,047

)

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable, net

 

 

(6,992

)

 

 

(8,096

)

Inventories, net

 

 

502

 

 

 

(389

)

Prepaid expenses, collateral deposits, and other current assets

 

 

(488

)

 

 

(4,217

)

Income tax receivable

 

 

 

 

 

897

 

ROU assets/ROU liabilities

 

 

(178

)

 

 

 

Other assets

 

 

(1,550

)

 

 

(289

)

Accounts payable

 

 

(1,366

)

 

 

508

 

Accrued expenses

 

 

5,701

 

 

 

(365

)

Income tax payable

 

 

10

 

 

 

252

 

Deferred revenue and customer deposits

 

 

(41

)

 

 

3,300

 

Other current liabilities and other non-current liabilities

 

 

3,796

 

 

 

(262

)

Cash provided by (used for) operating activities

 

 

3,001

 

 

 

(7,752

)

Investing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Capital expenditures

 

 

(2,613

)

 

 

(675

)

Proceeds from sales of assets

 

 

20

 

 

 

1

 

Cash used for investing activities

 

 

(2,593

)

 

 

(674

)

Financing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Payments) proceeds from line of credit, net

 

 

(537

)

 

 

10,490

 

Deferred loan costs

 

 

 

 

 

(264

)

Payments on finance leases

 

 

(775

)

 

 

(560

)

Payments on term loans

 

 

(2,566

)

 

 

(3,215

)

Cash (used for) provided by financing activities

 

 

(3,878

)

 

 

6,451

 

Change in cash and cash equivalents

 

 

(3,470

)

 

 

(1,975

)

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of the year

 

 

6,050

 

 

 

4,529

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of the year

 

$

2,580

 

 

$

2,554

 

See accompanying notes

 

6


 

ALJ REGIONAL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)

(in thousands) 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended December 31,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash paid during the period for:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest

 

$

2,072

 

 

$

2,344

 

Taxes

 

$

22

 

 

$

517

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-cash investing and financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Capital equipment purchased with finance leases

 

$

 

 

$

110

 

Capital equipment purchases financed with term loans

 

$

500

 

 

$

 

 

7


 

ALJ REGIONAL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY (UNAUDITED)

(in thousands) 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended December 31,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Common stock

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance, beginning of period

 

$

422

 

 

$

422

 

Issuance of common stock upon cashless exercise of stock options

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

Balance, end of period

 

$

423

 

 

$

422

 

Additional paid in capital

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance, beginning of period

 

$

288,193

 

 

$

287,101

 

Stock-based compensation expense - options

 

 

17

 

 

 

84

 

      Fair value of warrants issued in connection with term loan modification

 

 

 

 

 

594

 

Balance, end of period

 

$

288,210

 

 

$

287,779

 

Accumulated deficit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance, beginning of period

 

$

(271,560

)

 

$

(204,407

)

Net (loss) income

 

 

(2,087

)

 

 

(4,277

)

Cumulative impact of adopting ASC 606 on October 1, 2019

 

 

 

 

 

521

 

Balance, end of period

 

$

(273,647

)

 

$

(208,163

)

Total stockholders' equity

 

$

14,986

 

 

$

80,038

 

See accompanying notes

 

 

8


 

 

ALJ REGIONAL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

1. ORGANIZATION AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION

Organization

ALJ Regional Holdings, Inc. (including subsidiaries, referred to collectively herein as “ALJ” or “Company”) is a holding company. As of December 31, 2020, ALJ consisted of the following wholly owned subsidiaries:  

 

Faneuil, Inc. (including its subsidiaries, “Faneuil”). Faneuil is a leading provider of call center services, back-office operations, staffing services, and toll collection services to government and commercial clients across the United States, focusing on the healthcare, utility, consumer goods, toll and transportation industries. Faneuil is headquartered in Hampton, Virginia. ALJ acquired Faneuil in October 2013.

 

Floors-N-More, LLC, d/b/a, Carpets N’ More (“Carpets”). Carpets is one of the largest floor covering retailers in Las Vegas, Nevada, and a provider of multiple products for the commercial, retail and home builder markets including all types of flooring, countertops, cabinets, window coverings and garage/closet organizers, with one retail location, as well as a stone and solid surface fabrication facility. ALJ acquired Carpets in April 2014.  See Note 14.

 

Phoenix Color Corp. (including its subsidiaries, “Phoenix”). Phoenix is a leading manufacturer of book components, educational materials and related products producing value-added components, heavily illustrated books and specialty commercial products using a broad spectrum of materials and decorative technologies. Phoenix is headquartered in Hagerstown, Maryland. ALJ acquired Phoenix in August 2015.

ALJ has organized its business and corporate structure along the following business segments: Faneuil, Carpets, and Phoenix.

Basis of Presentation

The interim unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“U.S. GAAP”). The Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and footnotes thereto are unaudited. In the opinion of the Company’s management, the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements reflect all adjustments, which are of a normal recurring nature, that are necessary for a fair presentation of the Company’s interim financial results. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses that are reported in the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and footnotes thereto. Actual results may differ from those estimates. Interim financial results are not necessarily indicative of financial results for a full year. The information included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q should be read in conjunction with the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2020, filed with the SEC on December 18, 2020.

 

Impact of Coronavirus Pandemic

In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared the outbreak of COVID-19 as a pandemic, which continues to spread throughout the U.S. COVID-19 is having an unprecedented impact on the U.S. economy as federal, state, and local governments react to this public health crisis.

 

Currently, all of ALJ’s subsidiaries have been deemed “Essential Services” and have continued to operate with limited disruption, albeit with lower sales volume at Carpets and Phoenix. As such, COVID-19 did not materially impact ALJ’s financial position, or results of operations and cash flows as of and for the three months ended December 31, 2020. The Company took immediate actions in March 2020 to enable working-from-home where possible and put in place increased safety precautions, including social distancing, at other locations where essential services on site are required. The duration of these measures is unknown, may be extended and additional measures may be imposed.

Management expects that ALJ could continue to be impacted in the near term by lower sales volumes in several parts of ALJ’s business, resulting in lower revenue and profit. While the impact of COVID-19 on the Company’s future financial position, results of operations and cash flows cannot be estimated with certainty, such impact could be significant if the global pandemic continues to adversely impact the U.S. economy for an extended period of time. The extent to which COVID-19 impacts ALJ’s operations will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain. These include among others, the duration of the outbreak, if portions of the Company’s business segments are recharacterized as non-essential for which closure of some or all of the Company’s operations could be required, information that may emerge concerning the severity of COVID-19 and the actions, especially those taken by governmental authorities, to contain the pandemic or treat its impact. As events are rapidly developing, additional impacts may arise that are not known at this time.

9


ALJ REGIONAL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

As of December 31, 2020, ALJ’s total available liquidity was $18.0 million, which included $2.6 million of cash and cash equivalents and $15.4 million of unused borrowing capacity under the Company’s revolving credit facility. While the impact that COVID-19 may have on the Company’s financial position, results of operations, and cash flows in the future cannot be estimated with certainty, based on current estimates regarding the magnitude and duration of the global pandemic, ALJ does not anticipate an impact on the Company’s ability to meet its obligations when due for at least the next 12 months.  However, the ultimate magnitude and duration of the global pandemic is highly uncertain and, as such, will require ALJ to continually assess the situation for the foreseeable future.  Accordingly, the Company’s estimates regarding the magnitude and duration of the global pandemic may change in the future and such changes could be material.

As a result of the decline in ALJ’s actual and forecasted results of operations, including the estimated effects of COVID-19, ALJ (i) sought an easement of certain financial covenants, under the Financing Agreement (as defined below), in order to maintain compliance therewith, and (ii) the elimination of certain quarterly principal payment obligations. Accordingly, the Company executed the Ninth Amendment to the Financing Agreement on May 12, 2020.  See Note 8 “Ninth Amendment to the Financing Agreement” for additional information regarding the terms and conditions required by the Ninth Amendment to the Financing Agreement.  

While the Company currently anticipates it will be able to maintain compliance with the terms and conditions of the Financing Agreement (as amended by the Ninth Amendment to the Financing Agreement) for at least the next 12 months, the ultimate magnitude and duration of the global pandemic is highly uncertain and, as such, will require ALJ to continually assess its current estimates of compliance for the foreseeable future. Accordingly, the Company’s anticipated compliance with its financial covenants may adversely change if the magnitude and duration of the global pandemic has a materially adverse effect on the Company in the future.

 

 

 

 

2. RECENT ACCOUNTING STANDARDS   

 

Accounting Standards Adopted

 

Leases

 

In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update ( ASU 2016-02, Leases and subsequent amendments to the initial guidance: ASU 2017-13, ASU 2018-10, ASU 2018-11, ASU 2018-20 and ASU 2019-01 (referred to collectively as “ASC 842”). ASC 842 requires lessees to recognize a right-of-use (“ROU”) asset and corresponding lease liability for all leases with terms of more than 12 months and provides enhanced disclosure of lease activity. Recognition, measurement, and presentation of expenses depend on classification as either a finance or operating lease.   

 

ALJ adopted this new standard as of October 1, 2020, the effective and initial application date, using the modified retrospective approach. Comparative periods presented in the consolidated financial statements prior to October 1, 2020 continue to be presented under Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 840. ALJ elected the package of practical expedients, which allowed the Company to not reassess, as of the adoption date, whether arrangements contain leases, the classification of existing leases, and the capitalization of initial direct costs of the existing leases. The Company also made a policy election to exclude leases with an initial term of 12 months or less from the Consolidated Balance Sheet.  The Company recognizes lease expense for these leases on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

 

The Company’s October 1, 2020 adoption of the new standard resulted in the recognition of operating lease obligations totaling $43.5 million, based upon the present value of the remaining minimum rental payments using discount rates as of the adoption date, of which $6.0 million was in operating lease obligations - current installments, and $37.5 million was in operating lease liabilities, less current installments. In addition, ALJ recorded corresponding operating lease right-of-use assets totaling $33.9 million. The new standard did not have a material impact on the Consolidated Statements of Operations or the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows. See Note 10 for further discussion of the Company’s leasing arrangements and required ASC 842 disclosures. 

 

10


ALJ REGIONAL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

Accounting Standards Not Yet Adopted

 

Internal-Use Software

 

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-15, Intangibles—Goodwill and Other—Internal-Use Software (Subtopic 350-40): Customer’s Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement That Is a Service Contract, to provide guidance on implementation costs incurred in a cloud computing arrangement (“CCA”) that is a service contract. ASU 2018-15 aligns the accounting for such costs with the guidance on capitalizing costs associated with developing or obtaining internal-use software. Specifically, ASU 2018-15 amends ASC 350, Intangibles–Goodwill and Other, to include in its scope implementation costs of a CCA that is a service contract and clarifies that a customer should apply ASC 350-40 to determine which implementation costs should be capitalized in such a CCA. ASU 2018-15 will be effective for ALJ on October 1, 2021. ALJ does not anticipate the adoption of ASU 2018-15 to significantly impact its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

 

Income Taxes

 

In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes, which simplifies certain aspects of the accounting for income taxes as well as clarifies and amends existing guidance to improve consistent application. ASU 2019-12 will be effective for ALJ on October 1, 2022. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of ASU 2019-12 on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

 

 

3. REVENUE RECOGNITION

 

Disaggregation of Revenue

Revenue by contract type was as follows for the three months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended December 31,

 

(in thousands)

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Faneuil:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Healthcare

 

$

38,843

 

 

$

25,367

 

Transportation

 

 

20,095

 

 

 

17,128

 

Utility

 

 

13,064

 

 

 

13,927

 

Government

 

 

12,529

 

 

 

1,049

 

Other

 

 

1,438

 

 

 

1,096

 

Total Faneuil

 

$

85,969

 

 

$

58,567

 

Carpets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Builder

 

$

7,406

 

 

$

6,959

 

Commercial

 

 

343

 

 

 

1,628

 

Retail

 

 

944

 

 

 

1,187

 

Total Carpets

 

$

8,693

 

 

$

9,774

 

Phoenix:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Publisher

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MSA

 

$

19,114

 

 

$

12,430

 

Non-MSA

 

 

4,193

 

 

 

6,560

 

Commercial

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MSA

 

 

90

 

 

 

805

 

Non-MSA

 

 

1,771

 

 

 

2,329

 

Total Phoenix

 

$

25,168

 

 

$

22,124

 

Total consolidated revenue, net

 

$

119,830

 

 

$

90,465

 

 

Substantially all of Faneuil and Carpets revenue is recognized over time and substantially all of Phoenix revenue is recognized at a point in time.

11


ALJ REGIONAL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

Contract Assets and Liabilities

 

The following table provides information about consolidated contract assets and contract liabilities at December 31, 2020 and September 30, 2020:

 

(in thousands)

 

December 31,

2020

 

 

September 30,

2020

 

Contract assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unbilled revenue (1)

 

$

752

 

 

$

779

 

Total contract assets

 

$

752

 

 

$

779

 

Contract liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deferred revenue

 

$

10,804

 

 

$

10,875

 

Accrued rebates and material rights (2)

 

 

4,408

 

 

 

3,097

 

Accrued contract losses (2)

 

 

15

 

 

 

14

 

Total contract liabilities

 

$

15,227

 

 

$

13,986

 

 

 

(1)

Included in prepaid expenses and other current assets. Unbilled revenue represents rights to consideration for services provided when the right is conditioned on something other than passage of time (for example, meeting a milestone for the right to bill under the cost-to-cost measure of progress). Unbilled revenue is transferred to accounts receivable when the rights become unconditional.

(2)

Included in accrued expenses.

 

The following table provides changes in consolidated contract assets and contract liabilities during the three months ended December 31, 2020:  

 

(in thousands)

 

Contract

Assets

 

 

Contract

Liabilities

 

Balance, September 30, 2020

 

$

779

 

 

$

13,986

 

Additions to contract assets

 

 

752

 

 

 

 

Transfer from contract assets to accounts receivable

 

 

(779

)

 

 

 

Revenue recognized

 

 

 

 

 

7,078

 

Change in loss accrual

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

Accrued rebates

 

 

 

 

 

1,339

 

Payment of rebates

 

 

 

 

 

(28

)

Cash received from customer

 

 

 

 

 

(7,149

)

Balance, December 31, 2020

 

$

752

 

 

$

15,227

 

 

 

 

Deferred Revenue and Remaining Performance Obligations

 

Deferred revenue primarily consists of billings or payments received in advance of revenue recognition from call center services, including non-refundable payments made prior to operations. Deferred revenue is recognized as revenue when transfer of control to customers has occurred. Customers are typically invoiced for these agreements in regular installments and revenue is recognized ratably over the contractual service period. The deferred revenue balance is influenced by several factors, including seasonality, the compounding effects of renewals, invoice duration, invoice timing, size and new business linearity within the quarter. Deferred revenue does not represent the total contract value of annual or multi-year non-cancellable agreements.

 

Payment terms and conditions vary by contract type, although terms generally include a requirement of payment within 30 to 60 days. In instances where the timing of revenue recognition differs from the timing of invoicing, the Company has determined that contracts generally do not include a significant financing component. The primary purpose of invoicing terms is to provide customers with simplified and predictable ways of purchasing products and services, not to receive financing from customers. Any potential financing fees are considered de minimis.

Transaction price allocated to remaining performance obligations represents contracted revenue that has not yet been recognized, which includes deferred revenue. Transaction price allocated to the remaining performance obligation is influenced by several factors, including the timing of renewals and average contract terms. The Company applied practical expedients to exclude amounts related to

12


ALJ REGIONAL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

performance obligations that are billed and recognized as they are delivered, optional purchases that do not represent material rights, and any estimated amounts of variable consideration that are subject to constraint in accordance with the new revenue standard.

The Company has elected to apply the optional exemption for the disclosure of remaining performance obligations for contracts that have an original expected duration of one year or less, are billed and recognized as services are delivered and/or variable consideration allocated entirely to a wholly unsatisfied promise to transfer a distinct good or service that forms part of a single performance obligation.  This primarily consists of call center services that are billed monthly based on the services performed each month.

Costs to Obtain a Contract

 

The Company recognizes an asset for the incremental costs of obtaining a contract with a customer if it expects the benefit of those costs to be longer than one year. The costs to obtain a contract capitalized under the new revenue standard are primarily sales commissions paid to our sales force personnel. Capitalized costs may also include portions of fringe benefits and payroll taxes associated with compensation for incremental costs to acquire customer contracts and incentive payments to partners. These costs are amortized over the term of the contract or the estimated life of the customer relationship, if renewals are expected and the renewal commission is not commensurate with the initial commission. The Company expenses sales commissions when incurred if the amortization period of the sales commission is one year or less. The accounting for incremental costs of obtaining a contract with a customer is consistent with the accounting under previous guidance.

 

During the three months ended December 31, 2020, the Company capitalized $0.1 million of costs to obtain a contract.  During the three months ended December 31, 2020, the Company amortized $0.1 million of these costs, which is included in selling, general, and administrative expense.  The net book value of costs to obtain a contract was $0.6 million as of December 31, 2020, of which $0.4 million was in prepaid expenses and other current assets, and $0.2 million was in other assets.

Costs to Fulfill a Contract

 

The Company also capitalizes costs incurred to fulfill its contracts that (i) relate directly to the contract, (ii) are expected to generate resources that will be used to satisfy the Company’s performance obligation under the contract, and (iii) are expected to be recovered through revenue generated under the contract. Contract fulfillment costs are expensed to cost of revenue as the Company satisfies its performance obligations by transferring the service to the customer. These costs are amortized on a systematic basis over the expected period of benefit.

 

During the three months ended December 31, 2020, the Company capitalized $6.0 million of costs to fulfill a contract.  The amortization of costs to fulfill contracts, which comprise set-up/transition activities, for the three months ended December 31, 2020 was approximately $4.4 million. The net book value of the costs to fulfill a contract as of December 31, 2020, was $6.7 million of which $3.6 million was in prepaid expenses and other current assets, and $3.1 million was in other assets.

 

Capitalized costs to obtain and fulfill a contract are periodically reviewed for impairment. We did not incur any impairment losses during the three months ended December 31, 2020 or 2019.

 

4. ACQUISITIONS  

RDI Acquisition

 

On July 31, 2019 (“RDI Purchase Date”), Faneuil acquired Realtime Digital Innovations, LLC (“RDI” and such acquisition, the “RDI Acquisition”), a provider of workflow automation and business intelligence services. The RDI Acquisition is expected to provide Faneuil with a sustainable competitive advantage in the business process outsourcing space by allowing it to, among others, (i) automate process workflows and business intelligence, (ii) generate labor efficiencies for existing programs, (iii) expand potential new client target entry points, (iv) improve overall customer experience, and (v) increase margin profiles through shorter sales cycles and software license sales.

13


ALJ REGIONAL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

The aggregate cash consideration for the RDI Acquisition paid at closing was $2.5 million, with earn-outs up to $7.5 million to be paid upon the achievement of certain financial metrics over a three-year period, subject to a guaranteed payout of $2.5 million. The RDI Acquisition was not material to the Company's results of operations, financial position, or cash flows and, therefore, the pro forma impact is not presented.

The following schedule reflects the final fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed on the RDI Purchase Date (in thousands):

 

 

 

Purchase Price

 

Balance Sheet Caption

 

Allocation

 

Total current assets

 

$

53

 

Fixed assets

 

 

11

 

Identified intangible assets:

 

 

 

 

Technology

 

 

3,400

 

Non-compete agreements

 

 

1,300

 

Goodwill (1)

 

 

2,675

 

Total assets

 

 

7,439

 

Accrued expenses

 

 

(39

)

Fair value of deferred and contingent consideration (2)

 

 

(4,900

)

Cash paid at closing

 

$

2,500

 

 

(1)

Goodwill was fully impaired and written off in March 2020.  

(2)

At December 31, 2020, the fair value was $6.0 million of which $4.6 million was included in accrued expenses and $1.4 million was included in other non-current liabilities on the Consolidated Balance Sheet.  The maximum payment is $7.5 million.

Fair Value Adjustment of Deferred and Contingent Consideration Liabilities

 

The fair value of the deferred and contingent consideration liabilities is remeasured to fair value at each reporting period using Level 3 inputs such as cash flow forecast, discount rate, and equity risk premium.  The change in fair value, including accretion for the passage of time, is recognized in earnings until the deferred and contingent considerations are resolved. ALJ did not recognize any change in fair value during the three months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019.  

Acquisition-Related Expenses

During the three months ended December 31, 2020, the Company did not incur any acquisition-related expenses in connection with the RDI acquisition.  During the three months ended December 31, 2019, the Company incurred less than $0.1 million of acquisition-related expenses in connection with the RDI acquisition, which were expensed to selling, general, and administrative expense.

 

 

5. CONCENTRATION RISKS

Cash

The Company maintains its cash balances in accounts, which, at times, may exceed federally insured limits. The Company has not experienced any loss in such accounts and believes there is little exposure to any significant credit risk.

Major Customers and Accounts Receivable

 

ALJ did not generate net revenue from any one customer in excess of 10% of consolidated net revenue during the three months ended December 31, 2020.  During the three months ended December 31, 2019, ALJ generated 10.2% of consolidated net revenue from one customer.  Each of ALJ’s segments had customers that represent more than 10% of their respective net revenue, as described below.

  

14


ALJ REGIONAL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

Faneuil. The percentage of Faneuil net revenue derived from its significant customers was as follows:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended December 31,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Customer A

 

 

13.0

%

 

 

15.7

%

Customer B

 

**

 

 

 

11.6

 

 

 

**

Less than 10% of Faneuil net revenue.

 

Accounts receivable from significant customers during the three months ended December 31, 2020 totaled $9.7 million on December 31, 2020. As of December 31, 2020, all Faneuil accounts receivable were unsecured. The risk with respect to accounts receivable is mitigated by credit evaluations performed on customers and the short duration of payment terms extended to customers.

 

Carpets. The percentage of Carpets net revenue derived from its significant customers was as follows:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended December 31,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Customer A

 

 

36.5

%

 

 

16.0

%

Customer B

 

 

33.7

 

 

 

26.8

 

Customer C

 

 

13.9

 

 

 

23.6

 

 

Accounts receivable from these customers totaled $1.6 million on December 31, 2020. As of December 31, 2020, all Carpets accounts receivable were unsecured. The risk with respect to accounts receivable is mitigated by credit evaluations performed on customers and the short duration of payment terms extended to customers.

 

Phoenix. The percentage of Phoenix net revenue derived from its significant customers was as follows:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended December 31,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Customer A

 

 

23.9

%

 

 

24.9

%

Customer B

 

 

19.5

 

 

 

16.6

 

Customer C

 

 

14.7

 

 

 

12.1

 

 

Accounts receivable from these customers totaled $3.3 million on December 31, 2020. As of December 31, 2020, all Phoenix accounts receivable were unsecured. The risk with respect to accounts receivable is mitigated by credit evaluations performed on customers and the short duration of payment terms extended to most customers.

Supplier Risk

ALJ had two suppliers that represented more than 10% of consolidated inventory purchases as follows:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended December 31,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Supplier A

 

 

14.6

%

 

 

11.6

%

Supplier B

 

**

 

 

 

11.0

%

 

**

Less than 10% of consolidated inventory purchases.

15


ALJ REGIONAL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

Additionally, two of ALJ’s segments had suppliers that represented more than 10% of their respective inventory purchases, as described below.

 

Carpets. The percentage of Carpets inventory purchases from its significant suppliers was as follows:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended December 31,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Supplier A

 

 

17.2

%

 

 

17.0

%

Supplier B

 

13.7

 

 

**

 

Supplier C

 

12.5

 

 

**

 

Supplier D

 

12.3

 

 

10.8

 

Supplier E

 

11.2

 

 

19.7

 

 

**

Less than 10% of Carpets inventory purchases.

If these suppliers were unable to provide materials on a timely basis, Carpets management believes alternative suppliers could provide the required materials with minimal disruption to the business.

 

Phoenix. The percentage of Phoenix inventory purchases from its significant suppliers was as follows:  

 

 

 

Three Months Ended December 31,

 

 

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Supplier A

 

 

21.3

%

 

 

17.5

%

Supplier B

 

11.1

 

 

 

16.5

%

Supplier C

 

**

 

 

 

10.9

%

 

 

**

Less than 10% of Phoenix inventory purchases.

 

If these suppliers were unable to provide materials on a timely basis, Phoenix management believes alternative suppliers could provide the required supplies with minimal disruption to the business.

 

6. COMPOSITION OF CERTAIN FINANCIAL STATEMENT CAPTIONS

Accounts Receivable, Net

The following table summarizes accounts receivable at the end of each reporting period:

 

 

 

December 31,

 

 

September 30,

 

(in thousands)

 

2020

 

 

2020

 

Accounts receivable

 

$

66,266

 

 

$

60,427

 

Unbilled receivables

 

 

1,010

 

 

 

42

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

67,276

 

 

 

60,469

 

Less: allowance for doubtful accounts

 

 

(754

)

 

 

(1,108

)

Accounts receivable, net

 

$

66,522

 

 

$

59,361

 

 

16


ALJ REGIONAL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

Inventories, Net

The following table summarizes inventories at the end of each reporting period:

 

 

December 31,

 

 

September 30,

 

(in thousands)

 

2020

 

 

2020

 

Raw materials

 

$

4,305

 

 

$

4,260

 

Semi-finished goods/work in process

 

 

1,688

 

 

 

2,341

 

Finished goods

 

 

1,329

 

 

 

1,224

 

Inventories

 

 

7,322

 

 

 

7,825

 

Less:  allowance for obsolete inventory

 

 

(378

)

 

 

(372

)

Inventories, net

 

$

6,944

 

 

$

7,453

 

 

Property and Equipment

The following table summarizes property and equipment at the end of each reporting period:

 

 

 

December 31,

 

 

September 30,

 

(in thousands)

 

2020

 

 

2020

 

Machinery and equipment

 

$

35,268

 

 

$

35,357

 

Leasehold improvements

 

 

31,831

 

 

 

31,831

 

Computer and office equipment

 

 

22,130

 

 

 

19,630

 

Building and improvements

 

 

16,896

 

 

 

16,896

 

Software

 

 

16,500

 

 

 

16,497

 

Land

 

 

9,267

 

 

 

9,267

 

Furniture and fixtures

 

 

7,851

 

 

 

7,851

 

Construction and equipment in process

 

 

653

 

 

 

 

Vehicles

 

 

392

 

 

 

409

 

Property and equipment

 

 

140,788

 

 

 

137,738

 

Less: accumulated depreciation and amortization

 

 

(73,100

)

 

 

(69,355

)

Property and equipment, net

 

$

67,688

 

 

$

68,383

 

 

Property and equipment depreciation and amortization expense, including amounts related to finance leased assets, was $3.9 million for both the three months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019.

Intangible Assets

The following tables summarize identified intangible assets at the end of each reporting period:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

December 31, 2020

 

(in thousands)

Weighted

Average

Original Life

(Years)

 

Weighted

Average

Remaining Life

(Years)

 

 

Gross

 

 

Accumulated

Amortization

 

 

Net

 

Customer relationships

12.0

 

 

6.2

 

 

$

33,660

 

 

$

(16,550

)

 

$

17,110

 

Trade names

27.0

 

 

22.3

 

 

 

10,760

 

 

 

(2,541

)

 

 

8,219

 

Supply agreements

10.2

 

 

9.1

 

 

 

9,690

 

 

 

(4,372

)

 

 

5,318

 

Technology

8.0

 

 

6.6

 

 

 

3,400

 

 

 

(602

)

 

 

2,798

 

Non-compete agreements

6.6

 

 

4.8

 

 

 

1,550

 

 

 

(397

)

 

 

1,153

 

Totals

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

59,060

 

 

$

(24,462

)

 

$

34,598

 

17


ALJ REGIONAL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

September 30, 2020

 

(in thousands)

Weighted

Average

Original Life

(Years)

 

Weighted

Average

Remaining Life

(Years)

 

Gross

 

 

Accumulated

Amortization

 

 

Net

 

Customer relationships

7.0

 

4.5

 

$

33,660

 

 

$

(15,848

)

 

$

17,812

 

Trade names

27.0

 

22.5

 

 

10,760

 

 

 

(2,434

)

 

 

8,326

 

Supply agreements

10.2

 

9.1

 

 

9,690

 

 

 

(4,059

)

 

 

5,631

 

Technology

8.0

 

6.8

 

 

3,400

 

 

 

(496

)

 

 

2,904

 

Non-compete agreements

6.6

 

5.1

 

 

1,550

 

 

 

(336

)

 

 

1,214

 

Totals

 

 

 

 

$

59,060

 

 

$

(23,173

)

 

$

35,887

 

 

Intangible asset amortization expense was $1.3 million for both the three months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019.

The following table presents expected future amortization expense for the remainder of Fiscal 2021 and yearly thereafter:

(in thousands)

 

Estimated

Future

Amortization

 

Fiscal 2021 (remaining)

 

$

3,693

 

Fiscal 2022

 

 

4,635

 

Fiscal 2023

 

 

4,635

 

Fiscal 2024

 

 

4,496

 

Fiscal 2025

 

 

4,183

 

Thereafter

 

 

12,956

 

Total

 

$

34,598

 

 

Accrued Expenses

The following table summarizes accrued expenses at the end of each reporting period:

 

 

 

December 31,

 

 

September 30,

 

(in thousands)

 

2020

 

 

2020

 

Accrued compensation and related taxes

 

$

12,211

 

 

$

10,206

 

Acquisition contingent consideration

 

 

4,600

 

 

 

2,500

 

Rebates payable

 

 

4,408

 

 

 

3,097

 

Other

 

 

2,596

 

 

 

766

 

Medical and benefit-related payables

 

 

1,346

 

 

 

1,438

 

Interest payable

 

 

739

 

 

 

674

 

Accrued board of director fees

 

 

261

 

 

 

130

 

Legal

 

 

250

 

 

 

 

Sales tax payable

 

 

95

 

 

 

96

 

Deferred lease incentives

 

 

 

 

 

1,289

 

Deferred rent

 

 

 

 

 

116

 

Total accrued expenses

 

$

26,506

 

 

$

20,312

 

 

Workers’ Compensation Reserve

 

The Company is self-insured for certain workers’ compensation claims as discussed below.  The current portion of workers’ compensation reserve is disclosed with accrued expenses.  The non-current portion of workers’ compensation reserve is disclosed with other non-current liabilities.

Faneuil. Faneuil is self-insured for workers’ compensation claims up to $500,000 per incident. Reserves have been provided for workers’ compensation based upon insurance coverages, third-party actuarial analysis, and management’s judgment.

18


ALJ REGIONAL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

Carpets. From October 1, 2018 until September 30, 2020, Carpets maintained a self-insured plan for workers’ compensation claims up to $200,000 per incident and maintains insurance coverage for costs above the specified limit.  Reserves have been provided for workers’ compensation based upon insurance coverages, third-party actuarial analysis, and management’s judgment.   Effective October 1, 2020, Carpets converted to a fully insured plan.

Phoenix. Phoenix maintains a fully insured plan for workers’ compensation claims.

 

 

7. LOSS PER SHARE

The following table summarizes basic and diluted loss per share of common stock for each period presented:

 

 

 

December 31,

 

(in thousands, except per share amounts)

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Net loss

 

$

(2,087

)

 

$

(4,277

)

Weighted average shares of common stock outstanding - basic and

   diluted

 

 

42,318

 

 

 

42,173

 

Loss per share of common stock–basic and diluted

 

$

(0.05

)

 

$

(0.10

)

 

 

ALJ computed basic loss per share of common stock using net loss divided by the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period.  ALJ computed diluted loss earnings per share of common stock using net loss divided by the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding plus potentially dilutive shares of common stock outstanding during the period. Potentially dilutive shares issuable upon exercise of options to purchase common stock were determined by applying the treasury stock method to the assumed exercise of outstanding stock options.  

 

Common stock equivalents of 4.4 million and 4.2 million were not considered in calculating ALJ’s diluted loss per common share for the three months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively, as their effect would be anti-dilutive.  

 

Debt that was convertible into 10.9 million shares of ALJ common stock was not considered in calculating ALJ’s diluted loss per common share for the three months ended December 31, 2020 as the effect would be anti-dilutive.  ALJ did not have any convertible debt outstanding during the three months ended December 31, 2019.  

 

8. DEBT

Debt

The following table summarizes ALJ’s line of credit, term loan, and equipment financing at the end of each reporting period:

 

 

 

December 31,

 

 

September 30,

 

(in thousands)

 

2020

 

 

2020

 

Line of credit:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Line of credit

 

$

13,880

 

 

$

14,417

 

Less: deferred loan costs

 

 

(581

)

 

 

(664

)

Line of credit, net of deferred loan costs

 

$

13,299

 

 

$

13,753

 

Current portion of term loans:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current portion of term loan

 

$

8,200

 

 

$

8,200

 

Current portion of equipment financing

 

 

2,187

 

 

 

1,999

 

Less: deferred loan costs

 

 

(373

)

 

 

(372

)

Current portion of term loans, net of deferred loan costs

 

$

10,014

 

 

$

9,827

 

Term loans, less current portion:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Term loan, less current portion

 

$

60,584

 

 

$

62,336

 

Term B loan

 

 

4,554

 

 

 

4,415

 

Term C loan

 

 

5,904

 

 

 

5,782

 

Equipment financing, less current portion

 

 

1,408

 

 

 

1,611

 

Less: deferred loan costs

 

 

(559

)

 

 

(662

)

Term loans, less current portion, net of deferred loan costs

 

$

71,891

 

 

$

73,482

 

 

19


ALJ REGIONAL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

Term Loan and Line of Credit

 

In August 2015, ALJ entered into a financing agreement (“Financing Agreement”) with Cerberus Business Finance, LLC (“Cerberus”), to borrow $105.0 million in a term loan (“Cerberus Term Loan”) and have available up to $32.5 million in a revolving loan (“Cerberus/PNC Revolver,” and together with the Cerberus Term Loan, “Cerberus Debt”). ALJ has subsequently entered into nine amendments to the Financing Agreement, of which three were entered into since October 1, 2019 and are described below. The Cerberus Debt matures on November 28, 2023 (“Maturity Date”).

Sixth Amendment to the Financing Agreement

 

In December 2019, ALJ entered into the Sixth Amendment (“Sixth Amendment”) to the Financing Agreement. The Sixth Amendment amended certain terms and covenants in order to support the continued growth of the Company, as summarized below:

 

 

Converted $4.1 million in aggregate principal amount from the Cerberus Term Loan to a new term loan (referred to hereafter as “Term B” loan) as discussed in more detail below;

 

 

Adjusted the leverage ratio threshold to (i) 5.25:1.00 for the fiscal quarter ended December 31, 2019, (ii)  4.50:1.00 for the fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2020, (iii) 3.75:1.00 for the fiscal quarter ending June 30, 2020, (iv) 3.50:1:00 for each fiscal quarter beginning with the fiscal quarter ending September 30, 2020 through the fiscal quarter ending December 31, 2020, and (v) 3.25:1:00 for each fiscal quarter beginning with the fiscal quarter ending March 31, 2021 through the fiscal quarter ending June 30, 2021, (vi) 3.00:1.00 for the fiscal quarter ending September 30, 2021, (vii) 3.25:1.00  for the fiscal quarter ending December 31, 2021, and (viii) 3.00:1.00 for each fiscal quarter beginning with the fiscal quarter ending March 31, 2022 and for each fiscal quarter thereafter;

 

 

Decreased the fixed charge coverage ratio threshold from (a) 1.05:1.00 to (i) 0.85:1.00 for the fiscal quarters ended December 31, 2019 and March 31, 2020, (ii) 0.95:1.00 for the fiscal quarter ending June 30, 2020 and (iii) 1.00:1.00 for the fiscal quarter ending in September 30, 2020 and (b) from 1.10:1.00 to 1.05:1.00 for each fiscal quarter beginning with the fiscal quarter ending December 31, 2020 and for each fiscal quarter thereafter; and

 

 

Increased the interest rate floor for LIBOR rate loans from 1.0% to 1.50% per annum and for Prime rate loans from 3.25% to 4.75% per annum.

 

Additionally, the Sixth Amendment added a deleveraging fee (“Deleveraging Fee”), of which the first payment was made on March 31, 2020, and the second payment was due on June 30, 2020 unless one or more persons purchased a $2.5 million participating interest in the Cerberus Term Loan prior to June 30, 2020.  The first payment made on March 31, 2020 was expensed to selling, general, and administrative expense.  As a result of the Ninth Amendment (see Ninth Amendment to the Financing Agreement below), the second payment was not required by Cerberus.  

 

Seventh Amendment to the Financing Agreement

 

In February 2020, ALJ entered into the Seventh Amendment (“Seventh Amendment”) to the Financing Agreement to temporarily increase the Cerberus/PNC Revolver borrowing capacity as follows:  

  

 

Extended the seasonal increase period, originally through February 14, 2020, to March 15, 2020, during which the available borrowing limit under the Cerberus/PNC Revolver was $32.5 million; and

 

 

Increased the available borrowing limit under the Cerberus/PNC Revolver from $25.0 million to $30.0 million for the period from March 16, 2020 to March 31, 2020.

 

Eighth Amendment to the Financing Agreement

In March 2020, ALJ entered into the Eighth Amendment (“Eighth Amendment”) to the Financing Agreement to amend certain terms and covenants, which included:

 

 

Removed the seasonal decreases in the available borrowing limit under the Cerberus/PNC Revolver such that the amount available to borrow thereunder remains $32.5 million through the Maturity Date;

 

 

Adjusted quarterly principal payment obligations as follows: (i) March 31, 2020 – reduced the payment from $2.1 million to zero, (ii) June 30, 2020 – maintained the payment at $2.1 million, and (iii) September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2020 – increased the payments from $2.1 million to $3.1 million;

 

20


ALJ REGIONAL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

 

Adjusted payment terms on the interest payable on the Term B Loan, from a mixture of cash and payable in kind to 100% payable in kind, until the Term A Loan is paid in full; and

 

 

Added a monthly fee of $0.1 million, from the period April 1, 2020 through the Maturity Date, which amounts are added to the Cerberus Term Loan, accrue interest at the Cerberus Term Loan rate, and are payable on the Maturity Date.

 

Ninth Amendment to the Financing Agreement

 

As a result of the decline in ALJ’s actual and forecasted results of operations, including the estimated effects of COVID-19, ALJ sought an easement of certain debt covenants, under the Financing Agreement, and the elimination of certain quarterly principal payment obligations.

 

In May 2020, ALJ entered into the Ninth Amendment (“Ninth Amendment”) to the Financing Agreement. The Ninth Amendment amended certain terms and covenants as summarized below:

 

Increased the interest rate from LIBOR plus 6.75% per annum to LIBOR plus 9.50% per annum on the LIBOR portion of the Cerberus/PNC Revolver, an increase of 2.75% per annum;

 

 

Increased the interest rate from Prime plus 5.75% per annum to Prime plus 8.50% per annum on the Prime portion of the Cerberus/PNC Revolver, an increase of 2.75% per annum;

 

 

Eliminated the $2.1 million and $3.1 million quarterly principal payment obligations for June 30, 2020 and September 30, 2020, respectively;

 

 

Reduced the quarterly principal payment obligation for December 31, 2020 from $3.1 million to $2.1 million;

 

 

Excluded amounts outstanding under the Term B Loan and Term C Loan (see “Amendment to the Junior Participation Agreements – Term C Loan” below) from the leverage ratio calculation; and

 

 

Adjusted the leverage ratio threshold and the fixed charge coverage ratio as follows:

 

Three Months Ending,

 

Adjusted

Leverage

Ratio

 

Adjusted Fixed

Charge Ratio

March 31, 2020

 

7.25:1.00

 

0.65:1.00

June 30, 2020

 

7.45:1.00

 

0.63:1.00

September 30, 2020

 

6.85:1.00

 

0.61:1.00

December 31, 2020

 

5.75:1.00

 

0.70:1.00

March 31, 2021

 

5.00:1.00

 

0.75:1.00

June 30, 2021

 

4.00:1.00

 

0.82:1.00

September 30, 2021

 

3.75:1.00

 

0.81:1.00

December 31, 2021 through Maturity Date

 

3.50:1.00

 

1.00:1.00

 

 

Junior Participation Agreement – Term B Loan and Warrants Issued

 

In December 2019, in connection with the Sixth Amendment, certain trusts and other entities formed for the benefit of, or otherwise affiliated with, Jess Ravich, the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board (“Ravich Entities”), entered into a Junior Participation Agreement with Cerberus (“Junior Participation Agreement”), pursuant to which the Ravich Entities agreed to purchase $4.1 million in junior participation interests in the Term B loan under the Financing Agreement (“Junior Participation” and such interests, “Junior Participation Interests”). The Junior Participation Interests are junior and subordinate to the Cerberus Term Loan in all respects and have no quarterly payments. Through March 26, 2020, interest accrued under the Junior Participation (i) in cash, accrued at the same rate per annum as the Cerberus Term Loan and paid monthly, and (ii) in kind, accrued at 4.00% per annum, payable on the Maturity Date.  See “Amendment to Junior Participation Agreement -Term B Loan and Warrants Issued” below for interest earned subsequent to March 26, 2020.

 

21


ALJ REGIONAL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

In connection with the Junior Participation, the Company issued fully vested warrants to purchase 1.23 million shares of the Company’s common stock (“Junior Participation Agreement Warrants”) to the Ravich Entities, with a five-year term and an exercise price equal to the lesser of the 30-day trailing average closing price of the Company’s common stock as traded on the Nasdaq Stock Market on (i) December 17, 2019 or (ii) six months from December 17, 2019. The 30-day trailing average closing price of the Company’s common stock on December 17, 2019 was $1.20. The 30-day trailing average closing price of the Company’s common stock on June 17, 2020 was $0.54.

 

The fair value of the Junior Participation Agreement Warrants was calculated using the Black Scholes Model with the following assumptions:  contractual life of five years, volatility of 42.3%, dividend yield of 0.00%, and annual risk-free interest rate of 1.7%. The fair value of the Junior Participation Agreement Warrants of $0.6 million was expensed to selling, general, and administrative expense in June 2020.  

 

Amendment to Junior Participation Agreement – Term B Loan and Warrants Issued

In March 2020, in connection with the Eighth Amendment to the Financing Agreement, the Ravich Entities entered into the First Amendment to the Junior Participation Agreement (“First Amendment to Junior Participation Agreement”). The amended terms under the First Amendment to Junior Participation Agreement include:

 

Interest earned on Term B Loan to be 100% paid in kind, at a rate equal to the Cerberus Term Loan plus 4.00%, until Cerberus Term Loan is paid in full, instead of paid in a mixture of cash and in kind; and

 

 

Interest earned on the Backstop Letter Agreement (see “Backstop Letter Agreement” discussion below), to be paid 100% in kind until Cerberus Term Loan is paid in full instead of paid in a mixture of cash and in kind.

In connection with the First Amendment to Junior Participation Agreement, the Company issued fully vested warrants to purchase 0.4 million shares of the Company’s common stock (“First Amendment to Junior Participation Agreement Warrants”) to the Ravich Entities, with a five year term and an exercise price equal to the lesser of the 10-day trailing average closing price of the Company’s common stock as traded on the Nasdaq Stock Market on (i) March 26, 2020 or (ii) six months from March 26, 2020. The 10-day trailing average closing price of the Company’s common stock on the issuance date was $0.72.

 

The fair value of the First Amendment to Junior Participation Agreement Warrants was calculated using the Black Scholes Model with the following assumptions:  contractual life of five years, volatility of 43.8%, dividend yield of 0.00%, and annual risk-free interest rate of 0.5%. The fair value of the First Amendment to Junior Participation Agreement Warrants of $0.1 million was expensed to selling, general, and administrative expense in March 2020.

Amendment to the Junior Participation Agreements – Term C Loan

 

In May 2020, in connection with, and as a condition to, the Ninth Amendment, certain stockholders of the Company (“Term C Loan Junior Participants”), including Mr. Ravich, entered into or amended certain Junior Participation Agreements (collectively, “Term C Loan Junior Participation Agreements”) with Cerberus.  Pursuant to the Term C Loan Junior Participation Agreements, the Term C Loan Junior Participants acquired junior participation interests in Term C Loan in an aggregate amount of $5.6 million on May 12, 2020 (“Term C Loan”).  Additionally, Mr. Ravich agreed to acquire additional junior participation interests in the Term B Loan in an aggregate amount of (i) $2.5 million on March 31, 2021 and (ii) $2.5 million on June 30, 2021.

 

The $5.6 million Term C Loan is convertible, at the option of the Term C Loan Junior Participants, into shares of the Company’s common stock, at a conversion price of $0.54 per share.

 

The $5.6 million Term C Loan and the $5.0 million additional Term B Loan are junior and subordinate to the Cerberus Debt in all respects and have no quarterly payments. Beginning May 12, 2020, the $5.6 million Term C Loan accrues interest in kind at the same rate per annum as the Cerberus Term Loan, payable on the Maturity Date.  Beginning March 31, 2021, the $5.0 million additional Term B Loan will accrue interest in kind at the same rate per annum as the Cerberus Term Loan plus 4.00% per annum, payable on the Maturity Date.  

 

22


ALJ REGIONAL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

Summary of the Financing Agreement and Amendments

 

The Financing Agreement and amendments thereto are summarized below (in thousands):

 

Description

 

Use of Proceeds

 

Origination Date

 

Interest Rate *

 

 

Quarterly

Payments

 

 

Balance at

December 31, 2020

 

Term Loans:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financing Agreement

 

Phoenix acquisition

 

August 2015

 

8.25%

 

 

$

1,610

 

 

$

53,794

 

First Amendment

 

Color Optics acquisition

 

July 2016

 

8.25%

 

 

 

175

 

 

 

5,859

 

Third Amendment

 

Printing Components Business acquisition

 

October 2017

 

8.25%

 

 

 

151

 

 

 

5,028

 

Fourth Amendment

 

Working capital

 

November 2018

 

8.25%

 

 

 

114

 

 

 

3,821

 

Sixth Amendment (Term B loan)

 

N/A

 

December 2019

 

12.25%

 

 

 

 

 

 

4,554

 

Eighth Amendment (Accreted fees)

 

N/A

 

March 2020

 

13.25%

 

 

 

 

 

 

282

 

Ninth Amendment (Term C loan)

 

Working capital

 

May 2020

 

8.25%

 

 

 

 

 

 

5,904

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Totals

 

 

$

2,050

 

 

$

79,242

 

Line of Credit:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cerberus/PNC Revolver (includes

   Second, Fifth, Seventh, Eighth,

   and Ninth Amendments)

 

Working capital

 

August 2015

 

13.25%

 

 

$

 

 

$

13,880

 

 

*Range of annual interest rates accrued during the three months ended December 31, 2020.

Interest payments are due in arrears on the first day of each month. Quarterly principal payments are due on the last day of each fiscal quarter. Annual principal payments equal to 75% of ALJ’s excess cash flow (“ECF”), as defined in the Financing Agreement, are due annually each December, upon delivery of the annual audited financial statements. The annual ECF calculation, based on results of operations for the years ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, did not require ALJ to make an annual ECF payment in December 2020 or 2019.

In certain instances, ALJ is required to make mandatory term loan payments if ALJ receives cash outside the normal course of business. No mandatory payments were required during the three months ended December 31, 2020.  ALJ made a mandatory payment of $0.9 million during the three months ended December 31, 2019.  

As of December 31, 2020, ALJ will be assessed a prepayment penalty equal to 1% of the outstanding Cerberus Debt plus any unused available credit on the PNC Revolver if the Cerberus Term Loan is repaid before November 28, 2021. A final balloon payment is due on the Maturity Date.

The Cerberus Debt is secured by substantially all the Company’s assets and imposes certain limitations on the Company, including its ability to incur debt, grant liens, initiate certain investments, declare dividends and dispose of assets. The Cerberus Debt also requires ALJ to comply with certain debt covenants. As of December 31, 2020, ALJ was in compliance with all debt covenants and had unused borrowing capacity of $15.4 million.

 

Loan Amendment Fees

 

ALJ has accounted for all loan amendments as debt modifications pursuant to ASC 470, Debt.  ALJ did not pay any loan amendment fees during the three months ended December 31, 2020.  ALJ has accounted for all amendments as debt modifications pursuant to ASC 470, Debt.  During the three months ended December 31, 2019, ALJ paid $0.4 million of legal and other fees, of which $0.3 million were added to deferred loan costs and are being amortized to interest expense through the maturity date.  The remaining $0.1 million were expensed to selling, general, and administrative expense.

 

Equipment Financing

In June 2020, Phoenix purchased a Heidelberg Press for $2.6 million by securing $1.8 million equipment financing (“Equipment Financing”), paying $0.5 million in cash, and receiving a $0.3 million trade-in allowance. The Equipment Financing term is 36 months, requires monthly principal and interest payments, accrues interest at 2.66% per year, and is secured by the Heidelberg Press.

In October 2020, the board of directors approved the purchase of a Heidelberg Press for $4.5 million by securing equipment financing.  The Heidelberg Press is projected to be operational in May 2021.  As of December 31, 2020, the equipment financing was not finalized.

23


ALJ REGIONAL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

Estimated Future Minimum Principal Payments

Estimated future minimum principal payments for the Cerberus Debt and Equipment Financing are as follows (in thousands):

 

Year Ending December 31,

 

Equipment

Financing

 

 

Term Loan Debt

(with quarterly

principal

payments)

 

 

Term Loan Debt

(with no quarterly

principal

payments)

 

 

Total

 

2021

 

$

2,187

 

 

$

8,200

 

 

$

 

 

$

10,387

 

2022

 

 

935

 

 

 

8,200

 

 

 

 

 

 

9,135

 

2023*

 

 

473

 

 

 

66,264

 

 

 

10,458

 

 

 

77,195

 

Total

 

$

3,595

 

 

$

82,664

 

 

$

10,458

 

 

$

96,717

 

*

The majority of this amount is the final balloon payment due on the Maturity Date.

 

 

9. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

Employment Agreements

ALJ maintains employment agreements with certain key executive officers that provide for a base salary and an annual bonus, with annual bonus amounts to be determined by the Board of Directors or the Chief Executive Officer. The agreements also provide for involuntary termination payments, which includes base salary, performance bonus, medical premiums, stock options, non-competition provisions, and other terms and conditions of employment. On December 31, 2020, contingent termination payments related to base salary and medical premiums totaled $1.1 million.

Surety Bonds

As part of Faneuil’s normal course of operations, certain customers require surety bonds guaranteeing the performance of a contract. On December 31, 2020, the face value of such surety bonds, which represents the maximum cash payments that Faneuil’s surety would be obligated to pay under certain circumstances of non-performance, was $41.5 million. To date, Faneuil has not made any non-performance payments to any of its sureties.

Letters of Credit

The Company had letters of credit totaling $3.3 million outstanding on December 31, 2020.

Litigation, Claims, and Assessments

Faneuil, Inc. v. 3M Company

On September 22, 2016, Faneuil filed a complaint against 3M Company (“3M”) in the Circuit Court for the City of Richmond, Virginia (the “Richmond Circuit Court”). The dispute arose out of a subcontract entered into between 3M and Faneuil in relation to a toll road project in Portsmouth, Virginia. In its complaint, Faneuil sought recovery of $5.1 million based on three causes of action: breach of contract, breach of the implied covenant of good faith and fair dealing, and unjust enrichment. 

On October 14, 2016, 3M filed its answer and counterclaim against Faneuil. In its counterclaim, 3M sought recovery in excess of $10.0 million based on three claims:  breach of contract/indemnification, breach of the implied covenant of good faith and fair dealing, and unjust enrichment.  3M’s counterclaim alleged it incurred approximately $3.2 million in damages as a result of Faneuil’s conduct and sought indemnification of an additional $10.0 million in damages incurred as a result of continued performance.

 

The matter was tried in a bench trial from April 30, 2018 through May 2, 2018. On May 15, 2018, the Richmond Circuit Court issued its opinion, which dismissed both Faneuil’s complaint and 3M’s counterclaim with prejudice. No monetary damages were awarded to either Faneuil or 3M. As a result of the Richmond Circuit Court’s opinion, ALJ recorded a non-cash litigation loss of $2.9 million (the outstanding unreserved receivable from 3M), which was included in selling, general, and administrative expense during the year ended September 30, 2018. The matter was appealed to the Supreme Court of Virginia where Faneuil was awarded approximately $1.2 million, plus pre- and post-judgment interest. The matter was remanded to the trial court for calculation of interest and entry of final judgment. Faneuil and 3M settled on the amount of interest to be paid. The final judgment plus interest, which totaled $1.5 million, was received and recorded by Faneuil in December 2019. Of the total $1.5 million, $1.3 million was booked as a reduction to selling, general, and administrative expense, and $0.2 million was booked to interest from legal settlement on the Statement of Operations during the three months ended December 31, 2019.    

24


ALJ REGIONAL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

Marshall v. Faneuil, Inc.

 

On July 31, 2017, plaintiff Donna Marshall (“Marshall”) filed a proposed class action lawsuit in the Superior Court of the State of California for the County of Sacramento against Faneuil and ALJ. Marshall, a previously terminated Faneuil employee, alleges various California state law employment-related claims against Faneuil. Faneuil has answered the complaint and removed the matter to the United States District Court for the Eastern District of California; however, Marshall filed a motion to remand the case back to state court, which has been granted. In connection with the above, an amended complaint was filed by certain plaintiffs to add a claim for penalties under the California Private Attorneys General Act (the “PAGA Claim”). Faneuil demurred to the PAGA Claim and it was eventually dismissed by the trial court.

The parties are currently engaged in limited discovery. A court-ordered mediation is scheduled between the parties for the first half of 2021. Faneuil believes this action is without merit and intends to defend this case vigorously.

Other Litigation

The Company has been named in, and from time to time may become named in, various other lawsuits or threatened actions that are incidental to our ordinary business. Litigation is inherently unpredictable. Any claims against the Company, whether meritorious or not, could be time-consuming, cause the Company to incur costs and expenses, require significant amounts of management time and result in the diversion of significant operational resources. The results of these lawsuits and actions cannot be predicted with certainty. The Company concluded as of December 31, 2020 that the ultimate resolution of these matters (including the matters described above) will not have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

Environmental Matters

The operations of Phoenix are subject to various laws and related regulations governing environmental matters. Under such laws, an owner or lessee of real estate may be liable for the costs of removal or remediation of certain hazardous or toxic substances located on or in, or emanating from, such property, as well as investigation of property damage. Phoenix incurs ongoing expenses associated with the performance of appropriate monitoring and remediation at certain of its locations.

 

 

10. LEASES

 

ALJ has operating leases for facilities, equipment, and vehicles, and finance leases for equipment.  Over 95% of operating leases are for facilities. Many of the Company’s facilities leases contain renewal options and rent escalation clauses.

 

The Company determines if an arrangement is a lease at inception and recognizes a finance or operating lease liability and right-of-use asset in the Company’s Consolidated Balance Sheet. Right-of-use assets and lease liabilities for both operating and finance leases are recognized based on present value of lease payments over the lease term at commencement date.  

 

In instances where the lease does not provide an implicit rate, the Company estimates an incremental borrowing rate (“IBR”) based on the information available at commencement date to determine the present value of lease payments. ALJ does not have a published credit rating because it has no publicly traded debt. However, the Company does have several privately held debt instruments that were taken into consideration.  The Company generates its IBR, using a synthetic credit rating model that estimates the likelihood (probability) of a borrower receiving a given credit rating based on relevant credit factors or predictor variables. It is based on a regression analysis using selected financial ratios of publicly traded industry comparable companies and the companies’ credit ratings. The estimated IBR is then adjusted for (i) the length of the lease term, and (ii) the effect of designating specific collateral with a value equal to the unpaid lease payments. Finally, ALJ applies the estimated IBR on a lease-by-lease basis as each lease has different start and end dates and has different assumptions regarding purchase or renewal options.  

 

For facilities leases, ALJ accounts for non-lease components such as maintenance, taxes, and insurance, separately.  For equipment leases, ALJ accounts for lease and non-lease components as a single lease component. The difference between the operating lease right-of-use assets and operating lease liabilities primarily relates to adjustments for deferred rent and tenant improvement allowances.

 

25


ALJ REGIONAL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

The following table presents the location of the ROU assets and liabilities in the Consolidated Balance Sheet and ALJ’s weighted-average lease term and discount rate:

 

(dollars in thousands)

 

As of December 31, 2020

 

Finance Leases:

 

 

 

 

Property and equipment, at cost

 

$

16,524

 

Less accumulated amortization

 

 

(12,494

)

Property and equipment, net

 

$

4,030

 

Finance lease obligations, current portion

 

$

2,132

 

Finance lease obligations, less current portion

 

 

2,430

 

Total finance lease liabilities

 

$

4,562

 

Operating Leases:

 

 

 

 

Operating lease right-of-use assets

 

$

32,614

 

Operating lease obligations - current installments

 

$

5,845

 

Operating lease obligations, less current installments

 

 

36,165

 

Total operating lease obligations

 

$

42,010

 

Weighted average remaining lease term (years):

 

 

 

 

Finance

 

 

2.1

 

Operating

 

 

7.2

 

Weighted average discount rate:

 

 

 

 

Finance

 

 

3.4

%

Operating

 

 

10.5

%

 

The following table presents the components of lease cost and the location of such cost in ALJ’s Consolidated Statement of Operations:

 

(in thousands)

 

Statement of Operations Location

 

Three Months Ended December 31, 2020

 

Finance Leases:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amortization of finance lease assets

 

Selling, general, and administrative expense

 

$

312

 

Amortization of finance lease assets

 

Cost of revenue

 

 

114

 

Interest on finance lease liabilities

 

Interest expense

 

 

52

 

Total finance lease cost

 

 

 

 

478

 

Operating Leases:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating lease cost

 

Selling, general, and administrative expense

 

 

1,894

 

Operating lease cost

 

Cost of revenue

 

 

319

 

Variable lease cost

 

Selling, general, and administrative expense

 

 

237

 

Short-term lease cost

 

Selling, general, and administrative expense

 

 

9

 

Total operating lease cost

 

 

 

 

2,459

 

Total lease cost

 

 

 

$

2,937

 

 

The following table presents supplemental cash flow information related to leases:

(In thousands)

 

Three Months Ended December 31, 2020

 

Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities:

 

 

 

 

Operating cash flows used for finance leases

 

$

52

 

Operating cash flows used for operating leases

 

 

1,442

 

Financing cash flows used for finance leases

 

 

775

 

Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for lease obligations:

 

 

 

 

Finance leases

 

 

 

Operating leases

 

 

 

26


ALJ REGIONAL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

 

Maturities of lease liabilities as of December 31, 2020 are as follows (in thousands):

 

Year Ending December 31,

 

Finance

Leases

 

 

Operating

Leases

 

2021

 

$

2,247

 

 

$

9,858

 

2022

 

 

1,790

 

 

 

8,630

 

2023

 

 

638

 

 

 

7,887

 

2024

 

 

71

 

 

 

6,630

 

2025

 

 

 

 

 

6,610

 

Thereafter

 

 

 

 

 

21,300

 

Total lease payments

 

 

4,746

 

 

 

60,915

 

Less: imputed interest

 

 

(184

)

 

 

(18,905

)

Total present value of lease payments

 

$

4,562

 

 

$

42,010

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reported as of December 31, 2020:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current

 

$

2,132

 

 

$

5,845

 

Non-current

 

 

2,430

 

 

 

36,165

 

Total

 

$

4,562

 

 

$

42,010

 

 

 

 

11. EQUITY

Common Stock Activity during the Three Months Ended December 31, 2020

ALJ issued 23,256 shares of common stock upon the cashless exercise of stock options.  

Common Stock Activity during the Three Months ended December 31, 2019

ALJ did not have any common stock activity during the three months ended December 31, 2019.

Equity Incentive Plans

ALJ’s equity incentive plans are broad-based, long-term programs intended to attract and retain talented employees and align stockholder and employee interests.

Stock-Based Compensation.

The following table sets forth the total stock-based compensation expense included in selling, general, and administrative expense on the Statement of Operations:

 

 

Three Months Ended December 31,

 

(in thousands)

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Stock options

 

$

17

 

 

$

84

 

Common stock awards

 

 

31

 

 

 

28

 

Total stock-based compensation expense

 

$

48

 

 

$

112

 

 

On December 31, 2020, ALJ had approximately $0.1 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested stock options. This cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of approximately 1.3 years.

 

Stock Option Awards.

 

ALJ had no option grants during the three months ended December 31, 2020 or 2019. ALJ had forfeitures of 250,000 options during the three months ended December 31, 2020 and no option forfeitures during the three months ended December 31, 2019.

The “intrinsic value” of options is the excess of the value of ALJ stock over the exercise price of such options. The total intrinsic value of options outstanding (of which all are vested or expected to vest) was less than $0.1 million on December 31, 2020.

27


ALJ REGIONAL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

Common Stock Awards. Members of ALJ’s Board of Directors receive a director compensation package that includes an annual common stock award. In connection with such awards, ALJ recorded stock-based compensation expense of less than $0.1 million for both the three months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019.

 

Common Stock Options and Warrants Outstanding on December 31, 2020

 

On December 31, 2020, ALJ had 1.5 million stock options with a weighted average exercise price of $3.54 outstanding and warrants exercisable to purchase 2.9 million shares of common stock with a weighted average exercise price of $1.11 outstanding.

12. INCOME TAX

 

 

ALJ recorded a provision for income taxes of $0.3 million and a provision for income taxes of less than $0.1 million for the three months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. ALJ’s effective tax rate for the three months ended December 31, 2020 was (16.0%), as a result of generating state taxable income, offset by changes to the valuation allowance recorded against net deferred tax assets. ALJ’s effective tax rate for the three months ended December 31, 2019 was (1.0)%, which was also due to generating state taxable income, offset by changes to the valuation allowance recorded against net deferred tax assets.  The decrease in ALJ’s effective tax rate was attributable to a decrease in forecasted taxable income, as well as changes to the valuation allowance recorded against net deferred tax assets.

 

 

 

 

13. REPORTABLE SEGMENTS AND GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION

Reportable Segments

 

As discussed in Note 1, ALJ has organized its business along three reportable segments (Faneuil, Carpets, and Phoenix), together with a corporate group for certain support services. ALJ’s operating segments are aligned on the basis of products, services, and industry. The Chief Operating Decision Maker (“CODM”) is ALJ’s Chief Executive Officer. The CODM manages the business, allocates resources to, and assesses the performance of each operating segment using information about its net revenue and segment adjusted EBITDA. ALJ defines segment adjusted EBITDA as segment net income (loss) before depreciation and amortization expense, interest expense, litigation loss, recovery of litigation loss, restructuring and cost reduction initiatives, loan amendment expenses, fair value of warrants issued in connection with loan amendments, stock-based compensation, acquisition-related expenses, (loss) gain on disposal of assets and other gain, net, provision for income taxes, and other non-recurring items. Such amounts are detailed in our segment reconciliation below. The accounting policies for segment reporting are the same as for ALJ as a whole.

 

The following tables present ALJ’s segment information for the three months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended December 31, 2020

 

(in thousands)

 

Faneuil

 

 

Carpets

 

 

Phoenix

 

 

ALJ

 

 

Consolidated

 

Net revenue

 

$

85,969

 

 

$

8,693

 

 

$

25,168

 

 

$

 

 

$

119,830

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Segment adjusted EBITDA

 

$

3,637

 

 

$

(125

)

 

$

4,047

 

 

$

(1,241

)

 

$

6,318

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(5,157

)

Interest expense, net

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2,582

)

Restructuring and cost reduction

   initiatives

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(4

)

Bank fees accreted to term loans

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(300

)

Loan amendment expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(88

)

Stock-based compensation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(48

)

Gain on disposal of assets, net

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

67

 

Provision for income taxes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(293

)

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

(2,087

)

 

28


ALJ REGIONAL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended December 31, 2019

 

(in thousands)

 

Faneuil

 

 

Carpets

 

 

Phoenix

 

 

ALJ

 

 

Consolidated

 

Net revenue

 

$

58,567

 

 

$

9,774

 

 

$

22,124

 

 

$

 

 

$

90,465

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Segment adjusted EBITDA

 

$

1,653

 

 

$

(78

)

 

$

2,840

 

 

$

(1,055

)

 

$

3,360

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(5,242

)

Interest expense, net

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2,564

)

Loan amendment fees

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(769

)

Restructuring and cost reduction

   initiatives

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(315

)

Stock-based compensation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(112

)

Acquisition-related expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(49

)

Provision for income taxes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(40

)

Loss on disposal of assets, net

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2

)

Interest from legal settlement

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

200

 

Recovery of litigation loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,256

 

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

(4,277

)

 

 

 

Geographic Information

 

Substantially all of the Company’s assets were located in the United States. Substantially all of the Company’s revenue was earned in the United States.

 

14. SUBSEQUENT EVENT

 

Purchase and Sale Agreement with Related Party

 

On January 23, 2021, ALJ entered into a Purchase and Sale Agreement (“PSA”), by and among the Company, Superior Interior Finishes, LLC, a Nevada limited liability company (“Purchaser” or “Superior”) and Carpets, pursuant to which the Company will sell 100% of the membership interests of Carpets to the Purchaser for an aggregate purchase price of $0.5 million (the “Purchase Price”) in cash (the “Transaction”). Superior is 100% owned by Steve Chesin, the current Chief Executive Officer of Carpets. The Company entered into the PSA because its Carpets business segment had been deemed a non-core holding and had underperformed over the past several years, and the Transaction was approved by a committee of the Board comprised solely of certain independent directors of the Company.  

 

Pursuant to the terms and subject to the conditions of the PSA, as of the closing date of the Transaction:

 

 

(i)

the Company is entitled to all cash on hand (net of issued but uncleared checks and drafts) of Carpets,

 

(ii)

subject to clause (i), the purchase and sale of Carpets is on an “as-is” basis and Purchaser will acquire all assets and assume all liabilities of Carpets, and

 

(iii)

all inter-company obligations between the Company and Carpets will be considered paid as a result of the consummation of the Transaction.

 

The Company disclaims all representations and warranties about Carpets, except as set forth in the PSA. The PSA also includes full and final releases by the Purchaser and Carpets to indemnify and release the Company and its representatives following the closing of the Transaction from any and all claims, counterclaims, actions, causes of action, suits, arbitrations, proceedings, and any other liabilities of any kind or nature whatsoever arising out of, relating to, against, or in any way connected with related to Carpets.

 

29


ALJ REGIONAL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

The PSA further provides for:

 

 

(i)

an earnest money deposit of $0.5 million (the “Earnest Money Deposit”), which shall be applied to the Purchase Price or otherwise disbursed in accordance with the terms of the PSA,

 

(ii)

a closing, subject to customary closing conditions and the receipt of certain consents, to take place no later than 30 days following the execution of the PSA (the “Outside Date”), and

 

(iii)

the Company’s right to terminate the Agreement in the event the Transaction is not consummated on or prior to the Outside Date, in which case the Company shall be entitled to retain the Earnest Money Deposit as liquidated damages, provided, however, that if the Transaction is not consummated on or prior to the Outside Date because of the Company’s failure to satisfy the Closing Conditions (as defined in the PSA), the Purchaser may terminate the Agreement and the Earnest Money Deposit shall be immediately returned to the Purchaser.

 

The PSA does not impact the financial statement presentation, footnotes, and related disclosure of ALJ as of and for the three months ended December 31, 2020 or 2019.  

 

 

 

30


 

 

Item 2 - Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Our Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (“MD&A”) is provided in addition to the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements and notes to assist readers in understanding our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows. MD&A is organized as follows:

 

Overview. Discussion of our business and overall analysis of financial and other highlights affecting us to provide context for the remainder of MD&A.

 

Results of Operations. An analysis comparing our financial results for the three months ended December 31, 2020 to the three months ended December 31, 2019.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources. An analysis comparing our cash flows for the three months ended December 31, 2020 to the three months ended December 31, 2019, and discussion of our financial condition and liquidity.

 

Contractual Obligations. Discussion of contractual obligations at December 31, 2020.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements. Discussion of off-balance sheet arrangements at December 31, 2020.

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates. Discussion of the significant estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, net revenue and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities.

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes included in “Part I, Item 1 – Financial Statements.”  The following discussion contains a number of forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Words such as "anticipates," "expects," "intends," "goals," "plans," "believes," "seeks," "estimates," "continues," "may," "will," "should," and variations of such words and similar expressions are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. Such statements are based on our current expectations and could be affected by the risk and uncertainties described in “Part II, Item 1A - Risk Factors.”  Our actual results may differ materially.   

Overview

ALJ Regional Holdings, Inc. (“ALJ” or “we”) is a holding company that operates Faneuil, Inc. (“Faneuil”), Floors-N-More, LLC, d/b/a Carpets N’ More (“Carpets”), and Phoenix Color Corp. (“Phoenix”). With several members of our senior management and Board of Directors coming from long careers in the professional services industry, ALJ is focused on acquiring and operating exceptional businesses.

We continue to see our business evolve as we execute our strategy of buying attractively valued assets, such as the acquisition of a printing and manufacturing services division in Terre Haute, Indiana by Phoenix in October 2017 (the “Printing Components Business”), the acquisition of the customer management outsourcing business (“CMO Business”) by Faneuil in May 2017, and the acquisition of Color Optics by Phoenix in July 2016. In analyzing the financial impact of any potential acquisition, we focus on earnings, operating margin, cash flow and return on invested capital targets. We hire successful and experienced management teams to run each of our operating companies and incentivize them to drive higher profits. We are focused on increasing our net revenue at each of our operating subsidiaries by investing in sales and marketing, expanding into new products and markets, and evaluating and executing on tuck-in acquisitions, while continually examining our cost structures to drive higher profits.

On July 31, 2019, ALJ acquired Realtime Digital Innovations, LLC (the “RDI Acquisition”), to enhance workflow automation and business intelligence services. The RDI Acquisition is expected to provide Faneuil with a sustainable competitive advantage in the business process outsourcing space by allowing it to, among others, (i) automate process workflows and business intelligence, (ii) generate labor efficiencies for existing programs, (iii) expand potential new client target entry points, (iv) improve overall customer experience, and (v) increase margin profiles through shorter sales cycles and software license sales.

Impact of Coronavirus Pandemic

 

In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared the outbreak of COVID-19 as a pandemic, which continues to spread throughout the world. COVID-19 is having an unprecedented impact on the U.S. economy as federal, state, and local governments react to this public health crisis.

 

Currently, all ALJ’s subsidiaries have been deemed “Essential Services” and have continued to operate. As such, COVID-19 did not directly impact ALJ’s results of operations for the year ended September 30, 2020. However, the Company took immediate actions to enable working-from-home where possible and put in place increased safety precautions, including social distancing, at other locations where essential services on site are required. The duration of these measures is unknown, may be extended, and additional measures may be imposed.

31


 

 

Management expects that ALJ could be impacted in the near term by lower volumes in several parts of its business, resulting in lower revenue and profit. While the impact of COVID-19 on ALJ’s future financial position, results of operations and cash flows cannot be estimated with certainty, such impact could be significantly negative. The extent to which COVID-19 impacts ALJ’s operations will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain, including, among others, the duration of the outbreak, new information that may emerge concerning the severity of COVID-19 and the actions, especially those taken by governmental authorities, to contain the pandemic or treat its impact. As events are rapidly changing, additional impacts may arise that are not known at this time. See “Part II, Item 1A, Risk Factors - Risks Related to our Businesses Generally - A widespread health crisis, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, may adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition,” for an additional discussion of risk related to COVID-19.

Three Months Ended December 31, 2020 Compared to Three Months Ended December 31, 2019

The following table sets forth certain condensed consolidated statements of operations data as a percentage of net revenue for each period as follows:

 

 

Three Months Ended December 31, 2020

 

 

Three Months Ended December 31, 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

% of

 

 

 

 

 

 

% of

 

(in thousands, except per share amounts)

 

Dollars

 

 

Net Revenue

 

 

Dollars

 

 

Net Revenue

 

Net revenue (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Faneuil

 

$

85,969

 

 

 

71.7

%

 

$

58,567

 

 

 

64.7

%

Carpets

 

 

8,693

 

 

 

7.3

 

 

 

9,774

 

 

 

10.8

 

Phoenix

 

 

25,168

 

 

 

21.0

 

 

 

22,124

 

 

 

24.5

 

Consolidated net revenue

 

 

119,830

 

 

 

100.0

 

 

 

90,465

 

 

 

100.0

 

Cost of revenue (2)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Faneuil

 

 

73,877

 

 

 

85.9

 

 

 

50,172

 

 

 

85.7

 

Carpets

 

 

7,262

 

 

 

83.5

 

 

 

7,791

 

 

 

79.7

 

Phoenix (3)

 

 

19,282

 

 

 

76.6

 

 

 

17,763

 

 

 

80.3

 

Consolidated cost of revenue

 

 

100,421

 

 

 

83.8

 

 

 

75,726

 

 

 

83.7

 

Selling, general, and administrative expense (2)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Faneuil

 

 

8,481

 

 

 

9.9

 

 

 

6,450

 

 

 

11.0

 

Carpets

 

 

1,508

 

 

 

17.3

 

 

 

2,061

 

 

 

21.1

 

Phoenix

 

 

3,152

 

 

 

12.5

 

 

 

2,826

 

 

 

12.8

 

ALJ

 

 

1,675

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,164

 

 

 

 

Consolidated selling, general, and administrative expense

 

 

14,816

 

 

 

12.4

 

 

 

12,501

 

 

 

13.8

 

Depreciation and amortization expense (2)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Faneuil

 

 

3,214

 

 

 

3.7

 

 

 

3,398

 

 

 

5.8

 

Carpets

 

 

125

 

 

 

1.4

 

 

 

143

 

 

 

1.5

 

Phoenix (4)

 

 

533

 

 

 

2.1

 

 

 

568

 

 

 

2.6

 

Consolidated depreciation and amortization expense

 

 

3,872

 

 

 

3.2

 

 

 

4,109

 

 

 

4.5

 

(Gain) loss on disposal of assets and other gain, net (5)

 

 

(67

)

 

 

(0.1

)

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

Total consolidated operating expenses (5)

 

 

119,042

 

 

 

99.3

 

 

 

92,338

 

 

 

102.1

 

Consolidated operating income (loss)

 

 

788

 

 

 

0.7

 

 

 

(1,873

)

 

 

(2.1

)

Interest expense (5)

 

 

(2,582

)

 

 

(2.2

)

 

 

(2,564

)

 

 

(2.8

)

Interest from legal settlement (5)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

200

 

 

 

0.2

 

Provision for income taxes (5)

 

 

(293

)

 

 

(0.2

)

 

 

(40

)

 

 

 

Net loss (5)

 

$

(2,087

)

 

 

(1.7

)

 

$

(4,277

)

 

 

(4.7

)

Loss per share of common stock–basic and diluted

 

$

(0.05

)

 

 

 

 

 

$

(0.10

)

 

 

 

 

 

(1)

Percentage is calculated as segment net revenue divided by consolidated net revenue.

(2)

Percentage is calculated as a percentage of the respective segment net revenue.

(3)

Includes depreciation expense of $1.3 million and $1.1 million for the three months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

(4)

Primarily amortization of intangible assets. Total depreciation and amortization expense for Phoenix, including depreciation expense captured in cost of revenue, was $1.8 million and $1.7 million for the three months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

(5)

Percentage is calculated as a percentage of consolidated net revenue.


32


 

Net Revenue

 

 

Three Months Ended December 31,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

$ Change

 

 

% Change

 

Faneuil

 

$

85,969

 

 

$

58,567

 

 

$

27,402

 

 

 

46.8

%

Carpets

 

 

8,693

 

 

 

9,774

 

 

 

(1,081

)

 

 

(11.1

)

Phoenix

 

 

25,168

 

 

 

22,124

 

 

 

3,044

 

 

 

13.8

 

Consolidated net revenue

 

$

119,830

 

 

$

90,465

 

 

$

29,365

 

 

 

32.5

%

 

Faneuil Net Revenue

Faneuil net revenue for the three months ended December 31, 2020 was $86.0 million, an increase of $27.4 million, or 46.8%, compared to net revenue of $58.6 million for the three months ended December 31, 2019. The increase was mainly attributable to a $28.4 million increase in new customer contracts and $5.7 million net increase in existing customers mostly due to open enrollment volumes for healthcare contracts, partially offset by a $6.7 million reduction driven by the completion of customer contracts.  

The following table reflects the amount of Faneuil’s backlog, which represents multi-year contract deliverables, by the year Faneuil expects to recognize such net revenue:

 

 

As of December 31,

 

(in millions)

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Within one year

 

$

241.2

 

 

$

223.1

 

Between one year and two years

 

 

170.4

 

 

 

145.3

 

Between two years and three years

 

 

120.6

 

 

 

99.4

 

Between three years and four years

 

 

86.3

 

 

 

63.9

 

Thereafter

 

 

55.2

 

 

 

82.6

 

Total Faneuil backlog

 

$

673.7

 

 

$

614.3

 

 

Carpets Net Revenue

Carpets net revenue for the three months ended December 31, 2020 was $8.7 million, a decrease of $1.1 million, or 11.1%, compared to net revenue of $9.8 million for the three months ended December 31, 2019. The decrease was primarily attributable to lower sales volumes in flooring and granite.

Carpets backlog represents open purchase orders. Carpets total contract backlog, which is expected to be fully realized within the next 12 months, as of December 31, 2020 was $8.3 million compared to $9.4 million as of December 31, 2019. The decrease in Carpets backlog at December 31, 2020 compared to December 31, 2019, was the result of a lower sales pipeline.  

Phoenix Net Revenue

Phoenix net revenue for the three months ended December 31, 2020 was $25.2 million, an increase of $3.0 million, or 13.8%, compared to net revenue of $22.1 million for the three months ended December 31, 2019. The increase was primarily attributable to higher component sales primarily related to trade.

The following table reflects the amount of Phoenix’s backlog, which represents executed contracts that contain minimum volume commitments over multiple years for future product deliveries, by the year Phoenix expects to recognize such net revenue:

 

 

As of December 31,

 

(in millions)

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Within one year

 

$

69.8

 

 

$

67.7

 

Between one year and two years

 

 

64.8

 

 

 

48.4

 

Between two years and three years

 

 

52.6

 

 

 

35.3

 

Between three years and four years

 

 

43.3

 

 

 

9.4

 

Thereafter

 

 

84.9

 

 

 

 

Total Phoenix backlog

 

$

315.4

 

 

$

160.8

 

 

 

The increase in Phoenix backlog at December 31, 2020 compared to December 31, 2019 was primarily driven by the multi-year extension of a strategic customer supply agreement, with increased volume commitments through 2027.   

 

33


 

For further discussion of our subsidiaries’ backlog, see “Part II, Item 1A. Risk Factors - Risks Related to our Business Generally and our Common Stock - We may not receive the full amounts estimated under the contracts in our backlog, which could reduce our net revenue in future periods below the levels anticipated. This makes backlog an uncertain indicator of future operating results.

Cost of Revenue

 

 

Three Months Ended December 31,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

$ Change

 

 

% Change

 

Faneuil

 

$

73,877

 

 

$

50,172

 

 

$

23,705

 

 

 

47.2

%

As a percentage of segment net revenue

 

 

85.9

%

 

 

85.7

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Carpets

 

 

7,262

 

 

 

7,791

 

 

 

(529

)

 

 

(6.8

)

As a percentage of segment net revenue

 

 

83.5

%

 

 

79.7

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Phoenix

 

 

19,282

 

 

 

17,763

 

 

 

1,519

 

 

 

8.6

 

As a percentage of segment net revenue

 

 

76.6

%

 

 

80.3

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Consolidated cost of revenue

 

$

100,421

 

 

$

75,726

 

 

$

24,695

 

 

 

32.6

%

 

Faneuil Cost of Revenue

Faneuil cost of revenue for the three months ended December 31, 2020 was $73.9 million, an increase of $23.7 million, or 47.2%, compared to cost of revenue of $50.2 million for the three months ended December 31, 2019. The increase in cost of revenue was a direct result of the increased net revenue. During the three months ended December 31, 2020, as compared to the three months ended December 31, 2019, cost of revenue as a percentage of segment net revenue remained relatively flat at 85.9% and 85.7%, respectively.      

Carpets Cost of Revenue

 

Carpets cost of revenue for the three months ended December 31, 2020 was $7.3 million, a decrease of $0.5 million, or 6.8%, compared to cost of revenue of $7.8 million for the three months ended December 31, 2019. The absolute dollar decrease in cost of revenue was mainly attributable to decreased net revenue.  During the three months ended December 31, 2020, as compared to the three months ended December 31, 2019, cost of revenue as a percentage of segment net revenue increased to 83.5% from 79.7% in the normal course of business.

Phoenix Cost of Revenue

Phoenix cost of revenue for the three months ended December 31, 2020 was $19.3 million, an increase of $1.5 million, or 8.6%, compared to cost of revenue of $17.8 million for the three months ended December 31, 2019. During the three months ended December 31, 2020, as compared to the three months ended December 31, 2019, cost of revenue as a percentage of segment net revenue decreased to 76.6% from 80.3%. Phoenix experiences normal fluctuations to cost of revenue as a percentage of net revenue as a result of changes to the mix of products sold.  Additionally, certain costs do not fluctuate directly with net revenue.

Selling, General, and Administrative Expense

 

 

Three Months Ended December 31,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

$ Change

 

 

% Change

 

Faneuil

 

$

8,481

 

 

$

6,450

 

 

$

2,031

 

 

 

31.5

%

Carpets

 

 

1,508

 

 

 

2,061

 

 

 

(553

)

 

 

(26.8

)

Phoenix

 

 

3,152

 

 

 

2,826

 

 

 

326

 

 

 

11.5

 

ALJ

 

 

1,675

 

 

 

1,164

 

 

 

511

 

 

 

43.9

 

Consolidated selling, general and administrative

   expense

 

$

14,816

 

 

$

12,501

 

 

$

2,315

 

 

 

18.5

%

 

Faneuil Selling, General, and Administrative Expense

 

Faneuil selling, general, and administrative expense for the three months ended December 31, 2020 was $8.5 million, an increase of $2.0 million, or 31.5%, compared to selling, general, and administrative expense of $6.5 million for the three months ended December 31, 2019. The increase was primarily attributable to certain nonrecurring transactions during the three months ended December 31, 2019, including $1.3 million recovery of litigation loss slightly offset by $0.8 million loan amendment fees.  The remaining increase was attributable to higher bonuses resulting from increased revenue and improved adjusted EBITDA, and additional legal expenses to support various legal actions in the normal course of business.  During the three months ended December 31, 2020 compared to the three months ended December 31, 2019, selling, general, and administrative expense as a percentage of segment net revenue

34


 

decreased to 9.9% from 11.0%. Certain selling, general, and administrative expenses do not fluctuate directly with net revenue. As such, we expect selling, general, and administrative expense as a percentage of segment net revenue to fluctuate.

Carpets Selling, General, and Administrative Expense

Carpets selling, general, and administrative expense was $1.5 million for the three months ended December 31, 2020, a decrease of $0.6 million, or 26.8%, compared to selling, general, and administrative expense of $2.1 million for the three months ended December 31, 2019. The decrease was primarily attributable to right-sizing support operations, and process improvements and cost reductions implemented throughout the organization. During the three months ended December 31, 2020 compared to the three months ended December 31, 2019, selling, general, and administrative expense as a percentage of segment net revenue decreased to 17.3% from 21.1%. Certain selling, general, and administrative expenses do not fluctuate directly with net revenue.  As such, we expect selling, general, and administrative expense as a percentage of segment net revenue to fluctuate.

Phoenix Selling, General, and Administrative Expense

Phoenix selling, general, and administrative expense for the three months ended December 31, 2020 was $3.2 million, an increase of $0.3 million, or 11.5%, compared to selling, general, and administrative expense of $2.8 million for the three months ended December 31, 2019. The increase was mainly attributable to a new bonus structure for Phoenix’s CEO, partially offset by lower travel expenses and cost reduction efforts. Selling, general, and administrative expense as a percentage of segment net revenue decreased to 12.5% for the three months ended December 31, 2020 from 12.8% for the three months ended December 31, 2019, which was mainly attributable to the increase in net revenue. Certain selling, general, and administrative expenses do not fluctuate directly with net revenue. As such, we expect selling, general, and administrative expense as a percentage of segment net revenue to fluctuate.

ALJ Selling, General, and Administrative Expense

ALJ selling, general, and administrative expense for the three months ended December 31, 2020 was $1.7 million, an increase of $0.5 million, or 43.9%, compared to selling, general, and administrative expense of $1.2 million for the three months ended December 31, 2019. The increase was mainly attributable to a $0.3 million non-cash banking fee as part of the Eighth Amendment to our financing agreement and an increased bonus accrual for ALJ’s CEO.  We expect selling, general, and administrative expense to fluctuate in the future as we comply with SEC reporting requirements and regulations and allocate certain expenses to our subsidiaries.

Depreciation and Amortization Expense

 

 

Three Months Ended December 31,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

$ Change

 

 

% Change

 

Faneuil

 

$

3,214

 

 

$

3,398

 

 

$

(184

)

 

 

(5.4

)%

Carpets

 

 

125

 

 

 

143

 

 

 

(18

)

 

 

(12.6

)

Phoenix

 

 

533

 

 

 

568

 

 

 

(35

)

 

 

(6.2

)

Consolidated depreciation and amortization

   expense

 

$

3,872

 

 

$

4,109

 

 

$

(237

)

 

 

(5.8

)%

 

Faneuil Depreciation and Amortization Expense

Faneuil depreciation and amortization expense for the three months ended December 31, 2020 was $3.2 million, a decrease of $0.2 million, or 5.4%, compared to depreciation and amortization expense of $3.4 million for the three months ended December 31, 2019. The decrease was attributable to leasehold improvements for one large call center that were fully amortized, increased amortization for new call center buildouts, and capital equipment purchased to support new and expanded contracts. Because certain Faneuil contracts require capital investments, Faneuil depreciation and amortization expense is impacted by the timing of new contracts and the completion of existing contracts.

Carpets Depreciation and Amortization Expense

Carpets depreciation and amortization expense for both the three months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 was $0.1 million.  

35


 

Phoenix Depreciation and Amortization Expense

Phoenix depreciation and amortization expense consists primarily of amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets. Depreciation and amortization expense was consistent at $0.5 million and $0.6 million for the three months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.   

Interest Expense

Interest expense was $2.6 million for both the three months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019. Our interest expense was impacted by the fluctuation our line of credit balance as the result of managing working capital needs.  

Interest from Legal Settlement

During the three months ended December 31, 2019, Faneuil received a onetime $1.5 million settlement, of which $0.2 million was attributable to interest.  See “Part I, Item 1. Financial Statements – Note 9. Commitments and Contingencies.”

Provision for Income Taxes

 

We recorded a provision for income taxes of $0.3 million and a provision for income taxes of less than $0.1 million for the three months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.   Our effective tax rate for the three months ended December 31, 2020 was (16.0%), as a result of generating state taxable income, offset by changes to the valuation allowance recorded against net deferred tax assets. Our effective tax rate for the three months ended December 31, 2019 was (1.0)%, which was also due to generating state taxable income, offset by changes to the valuation allowance recorded against net deferred tax assets.  The decrease in our effective tax rate was attributable to a decrease in forecasted taxable income, as well as changes to the valuation allowance recorded against net deferred tax assets.

Segment Adjusted EBITDA

Segment adjusted EBITDA is a financial measure used by our management and chief operating decision maker (“CODM”) to manage the business, allocate resources, and assess the performance of each operating segment. ALJ defines segment adjusted EBITDA as segment net income (loss) before depreciation and amortization expense, interest expense, litigation loss, recovery of litigation loss, restructuring and cost reduction initiatives, loan amendment expenses, fair value of warrants issued in connection with loan amendments, change in fair value of contingent consideration, stock-based compensation, acquisition-related expenses, (loss) gain on disposal of assets and other gain, net, provision for income taxes, and other non-recurring items. The following table summarizes segment adjusted EBITDA.

 

 

 

Three Months Ended December 31,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

 

$ Change

 

 

% Change

 

Faneuil

 

$

3,637

 

 

$

1,653

 

 

$

1,984

 

 

 

120.0

%

Carpets

 

 

(125

)

 

 

(78

)

 

 

(47

)

 

 

(60.3

)

Phoenix

 

 

4,047

 

 

 

2,840

 

 

 

1,207

 

 

 

42.5

 

ALJ

 

 

(1,241

)

 

 

(1,055

)

 

 

(186

)

 

 

(17.6

)

Segment adjusted EBITDA

 

$

6,318

 

 

$

3,360

 

 

$

2,958

 

 

 

88.0

%

 

 

Faneuil Segment Adjusted EBITDA

Faneuil segment adjusted EBITDA for the three months ended December 31, 2020 was $3.6 million compared to segment adjusted EBITDA of $1.7 million for the three months ended December 31, 2019. Faneuil segment adjusted EBITDA for the three months ended December 31, 2020 was driven by new state unemployment contracts, and the completion of certain deliverables related to the implementation of new contracts.  Included in segment adjusted EBITDA is a loss of $5.2 million from a new contract that was planned to operate from two call center locations but due to COVID-19 was transitioned to an all at home workforce.

36


 

Carpets Segment Adjusted EBITDA

Carpets segment adjusted EBITDA loss for both the three months ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 was ($0.1) million. Carpets segment adjusted EBITDA for the three months ended December 31, 2020 was impacted by lower volumes.      

Phoenix Segment Adjusted EBITDA

Phoenix segment adjusted EBITDA for the three months ended December 31, 2020 was $4.0 million compared to segment adjusted EBITDA of $2.8 million for the three months ended December 31, 2019. Phoenix segment adjusted EBITDA for the three months ended December 31, 2020 benefitted from increased component sales primarily related to trade.   

ALJ Segment Adjusted EBITDA

ALJ segment adjusted EBITDA loss for the three months ended December 31, 2020 was ($1.2) million compared to segment adjusted EBITDA loss of ($1.1) million for the three months ended December 31, 2019. ALJ segment adjusted EBITDA loss for three months ended December 31, 2020 was impacted by an increased bonus accrual for our CEO pursuant to his new employment agreement.    

Segment adjusted EBITDA is not considered a non-GAAP measure because we include segment adjusted EBITDA in our segment disclosures in accordance with the ASC Topic 280 – Segment Reporting. See “Part I, Item 1. Financial Statement – Note 13. Reportable Segments and Geographic Information.”  As such, we do not provide a reconciliation from net income (loss) to segment adjusted EBITDA.

Seasonality

Faneuil

Faneuil experiences seasonality within its various lines of business. For example, during the end of the calendar year through the end of the first calendar quarter, Faneuil generally experiences higher revenue with its healthcare customers as the customer contact centers increase operations during the enrollment periods of the healthcare exchanges. Faneuil’s revenue from its healthcare customers generally decreases during the remaining portion of the year after the enrollment period. Seasonality is less prevalent in the transportation industry, though there is typically an increase in volume during the summer months.

Carpets

Carpets generally experiences seasonality within the home building business as the number of houses sold during the winter months is generally lower than the number of homes sold during other times during the year. Conversely, the number of houses sold and delivered during the remaining portion of the year increases by comparison.

Phoenix

There is seasonality to Phoenix’s business. Education book component sales (school and college) traditionally peak in the first and second quarters of the calendar year. Other book sales traditionally peak in the third quarter of the calendar year. Book sales also traditionally peak in the third quarter of the calendar year. The fourth quarter of the calendar year traditionally has been Phoenix’s weakest quarter. These seasonal factors are not significant.

37


 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Historically, our principal sources of liquidity have been cash provided by operations and borrowings under various debt arrangements. At December 31, 2020, our principal sources of liquidity included cash and cash equivalents of $2.6 million and an unused borrowing capacity of $15.4 million on our line of credit. Our principal uses of cash have been for acquisitions, capital expenditures to support Faneuil’s customers, and to pay down debt. We anticipate these uses will continue to be our principal uses of liquidity in the future.

Global financial and credit markets have been volatile in recent years, and was further exacerbated during the three months ended December 31, 2020 by COVID-19. Future adverse conditions of these markets could negatively affect our ability to secure funds or raise capital at a reasonable cost or at all. For additional discussion of our various debt arrangements see Contractual Obligations below.

In summary, our cash flows for each period were as follows:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended December 31,

 

(in thousands)

 

2020

 

 

2019

 

Cash provided by (used for) operating activities

 

$

3,001

 

 

$

(7,752

)

Cash used for investing activities

 

 

(2,593

)

 

 

(674

)

Cash (used for) provided by financing activities

 

 

(3,878

)

 

 

6,451

 

Change in cash and cash equivalents

 

$

(3,470

)

 

$

(1,975

)

 

 

We recognized a net loss of $2.1 million, generated cash from operating activities of $3.0 million, used cash for investing activities of $2.6 million, and used cash for financing activities of $3.9 million for the three months ended December 31, 2020.  

 

We recognized a net loss of $4.3 million, used cash for operating activities of $7.8 million and investing activities of $0.7 million, offset by cash provided by financing activities of $6.4 million for the three months ended December 31, 2019.

Operating Activities

Cash provided by operating activities of $3.0 million during the three months ended December 31, 2020 was the result of our $2.1 million net loss, $5.7 million addback of net non-cash expenses, and $0.6 million of net cash used for changes in operating assets and liabilities. The most significant component of net non-cash expenses was depreciation and amortization expense of $5.2 million. The most significant components of changes in operating assets and liabilities were mostly attributable to the timing of Faneuil’s significant new customer implementations and included accounts receivable of $7.0 million, other assets of $1.6 million, and accounts payable of $1.4 million, which used cash.  The CARES Act allowed us to defer payment for $9.0 million of payroll-related taxes, of which $4.5 million is recorded in accrued expenses and $4.5 million is recorded in other non-current liabilities at December 31, 2020.

 

Cash used by operating activities of $7.8 million during the three months ended December 31, 2019 was the result of $4.3 million net loss, $5.2 million addback of net non-cash expenses, and $8.7 million of net cash used for changes in operating assets and liabilities. The most significant components of net non-cash expenses were depreciation and amortization expense of $5.2 million, $0.6 million fair value of warrants issued in connection with debt modification, offset by $1.0 million deferred tax benefit.  The most significant components of changes in operating assets and liabilities included accounts receivable of $8.1 million, prepaid expenses, collateral deposits, and other current assets of $4.2 million, which used cash, offset by deferred revenue and customer deposits of $3.3 million, which provided cash.

Cash provided by operations for the three months ended December 31, 2020 compared to cash used for operations for the three months ended December 31, 2019, was impacted by the $9.0 million deferral of payroll-related taxes under the CARES Act.

Investing Activities

For the three months ended December 31, 2020, our investing activities used $2.6 million of cash, of which $2.5 million was used to purchase equipment, software, and leasehold improvements for Faneuil’s new and existing customers, and $0.1 million was used to purchase capital equipment in the normal course of operations.

For the three months ended December 31, 2019, our investing activities used $0.7 million of cash, of which $0.6 million was used to purchase equipment, software and leasehold improvements for Faneuil’s new and existing customers, and $0.1 million was used to purchase capital equipment in the normal course of operations.  

 

38


 

Cash used for investing activities for the three months ended December 31, 2020 compared to the three months ended December 31, 2019 increased due to the timing of capital requirement to support Faneuil’s customers.

Financing Activities

 

For the three months ended December 31, 2020, our financing activities used $3.9 million of cash.  We used $0.6 million to pay down our line of credit, $0.8 million for capital lease payments, and $2.6 million to pay down our term loans.

 

For the three months ended December 31, 2019, our financing activities provided $6.5 million of cash. Proceeds from our line of credit provided $10.5 million to fund working capital requirements at Faneuil and Phoenix.  Financing activities which used cash included $3.2 million to pay down our term loans, $0.6 million for capital lease payments, and $0.3 million for deferred loan costs related to the Sixth Amendment.

 

Cash used for financing activities for the three months ended December 31, 2020 compared to cash provided by financing activities for the three months ended December 31, 2019 was impacted by managing our line of credit and day-to-day working capital needs.  

Contractual Obligations  

The following table summarizes our significant contractual obligations at December 31, 2020, and the effect such obligations are expected to have on our liquidity and cash flows in future periods:

 

 

 

Payments due by Period

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less Than

 

 

One – Three

 

 

Four – Five

 

 

More than Five

 

(in thousands)

 

Total

 

 

One Year

 

 

Years

 

 

Years

 

 

Years

 

Term loan with quarterly principal payments (1)

 

$

68,502

 

 

$

8,200

 

 

$

60,302

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

Operating lease obligations (2)

 

 

42,010

 

 

 

5,845

 

 

 

11,699

 

 

 

9,378

 

 

 

15,087

 

Line of credit (1)

 

 

13,880

 

 

 

 

 

 

13,880

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other liabilities (3)

 

 

13,981

 

 

 

5,608

 

 

 

8,373

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Finance lease obligations (1)

 

 

4,562

 

 

 

2,132

 

 

 

2,361

 

 

 

69

 

 

 

 

Term loans with no quarterly principal payments (1)

 

 

10,740

 

 

 

 

 

 

10,740

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equipment financing agreements (1)

 

 

3,595

 

 

 

2,187

 

 

 

1,408

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total contractual cash obligations (4)

 

$

157,270

 

 

$

23,972

 

 

$

108,763

 

 

$

9,447

 

 

$

15,087

 

 

 

(1)

Refer to “Part I, Item 1. Financial Statements – Note 8. Debt.”

(2)

Refer to “Part I, Item 1. Financial Statements – Note 9. Commitments and Contingencies.”

(3)

Amounts represent future cash payments to satisfy our short- and long-term workers’ compensation reserve, short- and long-term acquisition-related deferred and contingent liabilities, and other long-term liabilities recorded on our consolidated balance sheets. It excludes deferred revenue and non-cash items. Short- and long-term acquisition-related deferred and contingent payments are included in the table at total fair value, as defined by generally accepted accounting principles, of $6.0 million. The total maximum amount of acquisition-related deferred and contingent cash payments is $7.5 million.

(4)

Total excludes contractual obligations already recorded on our consolidated balance sheets as current liabilities, except for the short-term portions of our term loan, short-term portion of acquisition-related deferred and contingent payments, equipment financing agreement, and workers’ compensation reserve.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

At December 31, 2020, we had two types of off-balance sheet arrangements.

Surety Bonds. As part of Faneuil’s normal course of operations, certain customers require surety bonds guaranteeing the performance of a contract. At December 31, 2020, the face value of such surety bonds, which represents the maximum cash payments that Faneuil would have to make under certain circumstances of non-performance, was approximately $41.5 million.

Letters of Credit. ALJ had letters of credit totaling $3.3 million outstanding at December 31, 2020.

39


 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles, or GAAP, requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of net revenue and expenses during the reporting period. We regularly evaluate our estimates and assumptions related to the fair value of assets and liabilities, including intangible assets acquired and allocation of purchase price, useful lives, carrying value and recoverability of long-lived and intangible assets, the recoverability of goodwill, and revenue recognition. Certain accounting policies are considered "critical accounting policies" because they are particularly dependent on estimates made by us about matters that are inherently uncertain and could have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements. We base our estimates and assumptions on current facts, historical experience and various other factors that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities and the recording of revenue, costs and expenses that are not readily apparent from other sources. The actual results experienced by us may differ materially and adversely from our estimates. To the extent there are material differences between our estimates and the actual results, our future results of operations will be affected.

For a complete summary of our critical accounting policies, please refer to “Part II, Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” included in our Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2020, filed with the SEC on December 18, 2020 (“Fiscal 2020 Form 10-K”).

For a complete summary of our significant accounting policies, please refer to “Part IV. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules –Note 2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies,” included in our Fiscal 2020 Form 10-K. As a result of adopting ASC 842, we revised our accounting policy for leases. See further discussion at “Part I, Item 1. Financial Statements – Note 2. Recent Accounting Standards.”  There were no other changes to our accounting policies during the three months ended December 31, 2020.

Item 3. Qualitative and Quantitative Disclosures about Market Risk

Not applicable.

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

As required by Rule 13a-15(b) and Rule 15d-15(b) of the Exchange Act, our management evaluated, with the participation of our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based on that evaluation, our principal executive officer and principal financial officer have concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of the end of the period covered by this report at the reasonable assurance level in ensuring that information required to be disclosed by us in the reports we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms. There has been no change in the company’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the quarter covered by this report that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting decisions regarding required disclosure.

40


 

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

The Company has been named in, and from time to time may become named in, various lawsuits or threatened actions that are incidental to our ordinary business. For additional information regarding such matters, see “Part I, Item 1. Financial Statements – Note 9. Commitments and Contingencies - Litigation, Claims, and Assessments.”  

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

The following risk factors and other information included in this Form 10-Q should be carefully considered. The risks and uncertainties described below are not the only ones we face. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we currently deem immaterial also may impair our business operations. If any of the following risks actually occur, our business, financial condition and operating results could be significantly harmed.

 

Risks Related to Faneuil

 

Faneuil is subject to uncertainties regarding healthcare reform that could materially and adversely affect that aspect of our business.

Since its adoption into law in 2010, the Affordable Care Act has been challenged before the U.S. Supreme Court, and several bills have been and continue to be introduced in Congress to delay, defund, or repeal implementation of or amend significant provisions of the Affordable Care Act. In addition, there continues to be ongoing litigation over the interpretation and implementation of certain provisions of the law. New tax reform legislation enacted on December 22, 2017 (“Tax Reform Law”) includes a provision repealing, effective January 1, 2019, the tax-based shared responsibility payment imposed by the Affordable Care Act on certain individuals who fail to maintain qualifying health coverage for all or part of a year that is commonly referred to as the “individual mandate,” which could lead to fewer enrollments in healthcare exchanges. Further significant changes to, or repeal of, the Affordable Care Act could materially and adversely affect that aspect of Faneuil’s business.

Economic downturns, reductions in government funding and other program-related and contract-related risks could have a negative effect on Faneuil’s business.

Demand for the services offered by Faneuil has been, and is expected to continue to be, subject to significant fluctuations due to a variety of factors beyond its control, including economic conditions, particularly since contracts for major programs are performed over extended periods of time. During economic downturns, the ability of both private and governmental entities to make expenditures may decline significantly. We cannot be certain that economic or political conditions will be generally favorable or that there will not be significant fluctuations adversely affecting Faneuil as a whole, or key industry segments targeted by Faneuil. In addition, Faneuil’s operations are, in part, dependent upon state government funding. Significant changes in the level of state government funding, changes in personnel at government authorities, the failure of applicable government authorities to take necessary actions, opposition by third parties to particular programs, any delay in the state government budget process or a state government shutdown could have an unfavorable effect on Faneuil’s business, financial position, results of operations and cash flows.

Faneuil’s profitability is dependent in part on Faneuil’s ability to estimate correctly, obtain adequate pricing, and control its cost structure related to fixed “price per call” contracts.

A significant portion of Faneuil’s revenues are derived from commercial and government contracts awarded through competitive bidding processes. Many of these contracts are extremely complex and require the investment of significant resources in order to prepare accurate bids and pricing based on both current and future conditions, such as the cost of labor, that could impact profitability of such contracts. Our success depends on Faneuil’s ability to accurately estimate the resources and costs that will be required to implement and service any contracts we are awarded, sometimes in advance of the final determination of such contracts’ full scope and design, and negotiate adequate pricing for call center services that provide a reasonable return to our shareholders based on such estimates. Additionally, in order to attract and retain certain contracts, we are sometimes required to make significant capital and other investments to enable us to perform our services under those contracts, such as facility leases, information technology equipment purchases, labor resources, and costs incurred to develop and implement software. If Faneuil is unable to accurately estimate its costs to provide call center services, obtain adequate pricing, or control costs for fixed “price per call” contracts, it could materially adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.

Faneuil’s dependence on a small number of customers could adversely affect its business or results of operations.

Faneuil derives a substantial portion of its revenue from a relatively small number of customers. For additional information regarding Faneuil customer concentrations, see “Part I, Item 1. Financial Statements – Note 5. Concentration Risks.” We expect the largest customers of Faneuil to continue to account for a substantial portion of its total net revenue for the foreseeable future. Faneuil has

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long-standing relationships with many of its significant customers. However, because Faneuil customers generally contract for specific projects or programs with a finite duration, Faneuil may lose these customers if funding for their respective programs is discontinued, or if their projects end and the contracts are not renewed or replaced. The loss or reduction of, or failure to renew or replace, any significant contracts with any of these customers could materially reduce Faneuil revenue and cash flows. Additionally, many Faneuil customers are government entities, which can unilaterally terminate or modify the existing contracts with Faneuil without cause and penalty to such government entities in many situations. If Faneuil does not replace them with other customers or other programs, the loss of business from any one of such customers could have a material adverse effect on its business or results of operations.

The recovery of capital investments in Faneuil contracts is subject to risk.

In order to attract and retain large outsourcing contracts, Faneuil may be required to make significant capital investments to perform its services under the contract, such as purchases of information technology equipment and costs incurred to develop and implement software. The net book value of such assets, including intangible assets, could be impaired, and Faneuil earnings and cash flow could be materially adversely affected in the event of the early termination of all or a part of such a contract, reduction in volumes and services thereunder for reasons including, but not limited to, a clients merger or acquisition, divestiture of assets or businesses, business failure or deterioration, or a clients exercise of contract termination rights.

Faneuil’s dependence on subcontractors and equipment manufacturers could adversely affect it.

In some cases, Faneuil relies on and partners with third-party subcontractors as well as third-party equipment manufacturers to provide services under its contracts. To the extent that Faneuil cannot engage subcontractors or acquire equipment or materials, its performance, according to the terms of the customer contract, may be impaired. If the amount Faneuil is required to pay for subcontracted services or equipment exceeds the amount Faneuil has estimated in bidding for fixed prices or fixed unit price contracts, it could experience reduced profit or losses in the performance of these contracts with its customers. Also, if a subcontractor or a manufacturer is unable to deliver its services, equipment or materials according to the negotiated terms for any reason, including the deterioration of its financial condition, Faneuil may be required to purchase the services, equipment or materials from another source at a higher price. This may reduce the expected profit or result in a loss of a customer contract for which the services, equipment or materials were needed.

Partnerships entered into by Faneuil as a subcontractor with third parties who are primary contractors could adversely affect its ability to secure new projects and derive a profit from its existing projects.

In some cases, Faneuil partners as a subcontractor with third parties who are the primary contractors. In these cases, Faneuil is largely dependent on the judgments of the primary contractors in bidding for new projects and negotiating the primary contracts, including establishing the scope of services and service levels to be provided. Furthermore, even if projects are secured, if a primary contractor is unable to deliver its services according to the negotiated terms of the primary contract for any reason, including the deterioration of its financial condition, the customer may terminate or modify the primary contract, which may reduce Faneuil profit or cause losses in the performance of the contract.  In certain instances, the subcontract agreement includes a “Pay When Paid” provision, which allows the primary contractor to hold back payments to a subcontractor until they are paid by the customer, which has negatively impacted Faneuil cashflow.

If Faneuil or a primary contractor guarantees to a customer the timely implementation or performance standards of a program, Faneuil could incur additional costs to meet its guaranteed obligations or liquidated damages if it fails to perform as agreed.

In certain instances, Faneuil or its primary contractor guarantees a customer that it will implement a program by a scheduled date. At times, they also provide that the program will achieve or adhere to certain performance standards or key performance indicators. Although Faneuil generally provides input to its primary contractors regarding the scope of services and service levels to be provided, it is possible that a primary contractor may make commitments without Faneuil’s input or approval. If Faneuil or the primary contractor subsequently fails to implement the program as scheduled, or if the program subsequently fails to meet the guaranteed performance standards, Faneuil may be held responsible for costs to the client resulting from any delay in implementation, or the costs incurred by the program to achieve the performance standards. In most cases where Faneuil or the primary contractor fails to meet contractually defined performance standards, Faneuil may be subject to agreed-upon liquidated damages. To the extent that these events occur, the total costs for such program may exceed original estimates, and cause reduced profits, or in some cases a loss for that program.

Adequate bonding is necessary for Faneuil to win new contracts.

Faneuil is often required, primarily in its toll and transportation programs, to provide performance and surety bonds to customers in conjunction with its contracts. These bonds indemnify the customer should Faneuil fail to perform its obligations under the contracts.

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If a bond is required for a particular program and Faneuil is unable to obtain an appropriate bond, Faneuil cannot pursue that program. The issuance of a bond is at the suretys sole discretion. Moreover, due to events that affect the insurance and bonding markets generally, bonding may be more difficult to obtain in the future or may only be available at significant additional costs. There can be no assurance that bonds will continue to be available on reasonable terms, or at all. Any inability to obtain adequate bonding and, as a result, to bid on new work could harm Faneuil’s business.

Interruption of Faneuil data centers and customer contact centers could negatively impact Faneuil’s business.

If Faneuil was to experience a temporary or permanent interruption at a customer contact center due to natural disaster, casualty, operating malfunction, cyber-attack, sabotage or any other cause, Faneuil might be unable to provide the services it is contractually obligated to deliver. This could result in Faneuil being required to pay contractual damages to some clients or to allow some clients to terminate or renegotiate their contracts. Notwithstanding disaster recovery and business continuity plans and precautions instituted to protect Faneuil and Faneuil clients from events that could interrupt delivery of services, there is no guarantee that such interruptions would not result in a prolonged interruption in service, or that such precautions would adequately compensate Faneuil for any losses it may incur as a result of such interruptions.

Faneuil’s business is subject to many regulatory requirements, and current or future regulation could significantly increase Faneuil’s cost of doing business.

Faneuil’s business is subject to many laws and regulatory requirements in the United States, covering such matters as data privacy, consumer protection, healthcare requirements, labor relations, taxation, internal and disclosure control obligations, governmental affairs and immigration. For example, Faneuil is subject to state and federal laws and regulations regarding the protection of consumer information commonly referred to as “non-public personal information.” For instance, the collection of patient data through Faneuil’s contact center services is subject to HIPAA, which protects the privacy of patients’ data. These laws, regulations, and agreements require Faneuil to develop and implement policies to protect non-public personal information and to disclose these policies to consumers before a customer relationship is established and periodically after that. These laws, regulations, and agreements limit the ability to use or disclose non-public personal information for purposes other than the ones originally intended. Many of these regulations, including those related to data privacy, are frequently changing and sometimes conflict with existing ones among the various jurisdictions in which Faneuil provides services. Violations of these laws and regulations could result in liability for damages, fines, criminal prosecution, unfavorable publicity and restrictions placed on Faneuil operations. Faneuil’s failure to adhere to or successfully implement processes in response to changing regulatory requirements in this area could result in legal liability or impairment to Faneuil’s reputation in the marketplace, which could have a material adverse effect on Faneuil’s business, results of operations and financial condition. In addition, because a substantial portion of Faneuil operating costs consists of labor costs, changes in governmental regulations relating to wages, healthcare and healthcare reform and other benefits or employment taxes could have a material adverse effect on Faneuil’s business, results of operations or financial condition.

Changes in employment laws and prevailing wage standards may adversely affect our business.

The industries in which Faneuil competes is labor intensive. Faneuil’s ability to meet its labor needs on a cost-effective basis is subject to numerous external factors, including the availability of qualified personnel in the workforce in the local markets in which it operates, unemployment levels within those markets, prevailing wage rates, health and other insurance costs and changes in employment and labor laws. Such laws related to employee hours, wages, job classification and benefits could significantly increase Faneuil’s operating costs. Additionally, in the event prevailing wage rates increase in the local markets in which Faneuil operates, Faneuil may be required to concurrently increase the wages paid to its employees to maintain the quality of its workforce and customer service. To the extent such increases are not covered by our customers, Faneuil’s profit margins may decrease as a result.  If Faneuil is unable to hire and retain employees capable of meeting its business needs and expectations, its business and brand image may be impaired. Any failure to meet Faneuil’s staffing needs or any material increase in turnover rates of its employees may adversely affect its business, results of operations and financial condition.

Risks Related to Carpets

The floor covering industry is highly dependent on national and regional economic conditions, such as consumer confidence and income, corporate and individual spending, interest rate levels, availability of credit and demand for housing. A decline in residential or commercial construction activity or remodeling and refurbishment in Las Vegas could have a material adverse effect on Carpets business.

 

The floor covering industry is highly dependent on construction activity, including new construction, which is cyclical in nature. Historically, downturns in the U.S. and global economies, along with the residential and commercial markets in such economies, particularly in Las Vegas, have negatively impacted the floor covering industry and Carpets business. Although the impact of a decline in new construction activity is typically accompanied by an increase in remodeling and replacement activity, these activities

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lagged during the recent downturns. Diminished consumer confidence in general, or specifically with respect to purchasing homes, or lack of consumer interest in purchasing a home compared to other housing alternatives due to location preferences, perceived affordability constraints or otherwise, may contribute to such a downturn. Further, changes to monetary policy or other actions by the Federal Reserve resulting in an adverse effect on interest rates (including mortgage interest rates), a downward trend in employment levels and job and wage growth, and increasing prices for available new or existing homes could lead to a decline in housing activity and negatively impact Carpets business. A significant or prolonged decline in residential/commercial remodeling or new construction activity could have a material adverse effect on the business and results of operations of Carpets.

Because all of Carpets operations are concentrated in the Las Vegas area, it is especially subject to certain risks, including economic and competitive risks, associated with the conditions in that area and in the areas from which it draws customers.

 

Carpets currently operates solely in the Las Vegas area. Due to this geographic concentration, its results of operations and financial conditions are subject to greater risks from changes in local and regional conditions, such as changes in local or regional economic conditions and unemployment rates; changes in local and state laws and regulations; a decline in the number of residents in the Las Vegas area; and changes in the local or regional competitive environment. As a result of the geographic concentration of is business, Carpets faces a greater risk of a negative impact on its business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects if any of the geographic areas in which it operates is more severely impacted by any such adverse condition, as compared to other areas in the United States.

Carpets may not timely identify or effectively respond to consumer needs, expectations or trends, which could adversely affect its relationship with customers, its reputation, demand for its products and services and its market share.

Carpets operates in a market sector where demand is strongly influenced by rapidly changing customer preferences as to product design and features. The success of Carpets depends on its ability to anticipate and react to changing consumer demands promptly. All of its products are subject to changing consumer preferences that cannot be predicted with certainty. Also, long lead times for certain of its products may make it hard for it to respond quickly to changes in consumer demands. Consumer preferences could shift rapidly to different types of products or away from the types of products Carpets carries altogether, and Carpets future success depends, in part, on its ability to anticipate and respond to these changes. Failure to anticipate and respond promptly to changing consumer preferences could lead to, among other things, lower sales and excess inventory levels, which could have a material adverse effect on its financial condition.

If Carpets fails to achieve and maintain a high level of product and service quality, its reputation, sales, profitability, cashflows, and financial condition could be negatively impacted.

Product and service quality issues could result in a negative impact on customer confidence in Carpets and the Carpets brand image. As a result, its reputation as a retailer of high-quality products and services could suffer and impact customer loyalty. Additionally, a decline in product and service quality could result in product recalls, product liability and warranty claims. Carpets generally provides a one-year warranty on the installation of any of its products. Warranty work related directly to installation is repaired at the cost to Carpets, and product defects are generally charged back to the manufacturer.

If Carpets is unable to manage its installation service business effectively, it could suffer lost sales and be subject to fines, lawsuits, and a damaged reputation.

Carpets acts as a general contractor to provide installation services to its customers. As such, it is subject to regulatory requirements and risks applicable to general contractors, which include management of licensing, permitting and the quality of its installers. If Carpets fails to effectively manage these processes or provide proper oversight of these services, it could suffer lost sales, fines and lawsuits, as well as damage to its reputation, which could adversely affect its business.

The business of Carpets is dependent in part on estimating fixed price projects correctly and completing the installations within budget. Carpets could suffer losses associated with installations on fixed price projects.

A portion of Carpets business consists of fixed price projects that are bid for and contracted based on estimated costs. The estimating process includes budgeting for the appropriate amount of materials, labor, and overhead. At times, this work can be substantial. The ability to estimate costs correctly and complete the project within budget or satisfaction without material defect is essential. In particular, there may be additional tariffs or taxes related to any inputs and finished goods imported by Carpets. Compliance with changes in taxes, tariffs and other regulations may require Carpets to alter its sourcing and make the process of estimating fixed price projects more difficult. If Carpets is unable to estimate a project properly or unable to complete the project within budget or without material defect, it may suffer losses, which could adversely affect its reputation, business, and financial condition.

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A substantial decrease or interruption in business from Carpets significant customers or suppliers could adversely affect its business.

A small number of customers have historically accounted for a substantial portion of Carpets net revenue. We expect that key customers will continue to account for a substantial portion of Carpets net revenue for the foreseeable future. However, Carpets may lose these customers due to pricing, quality or other various issues. The loss or reduction of, or failure to renew or replace, any significant contracts with any of these customers could have a material adverse effect on its business or results of operations. For additional information regarding customer concentrations, see “Part I, Item 1. Financial Statements – Note 5. Concentration Risks.”  

Historically, Carpets has purchased inventory from a small number of vendors. If these vendors became unable to provide materials promptly, or if such vendors became unable to satisfy Carpets’ standards for quality and its need to access products in a timely, efficient and cost-effective manner, Carpets would be required to find alternative vendors. The ability to access products can also be adversely affected by political instability, the financial instability of suppliers, suppliers noncompliance with applicable laws, trade restrictions, tariffs, currency exchange rates, supply disruptions, weather conditions, natural disasters, including climate change related events, shipping or logistical interruptions or costs and other factors beyond its control. If these vendors fail or are unable to perform as expected and Carpets is unable to replace them quickly, its business could suffer material adverse short- and long-term effects. For additional information regarding vendor concentrations, see “Part I, Item 1. Financial Statements – Note 5. Concentration Risks.”  

Risks Related to Phoenix

Economic weakness and uncertainty, as well as the effects of these conditions on Phoenix’s customers and suppliers, could reduce demand for or the ability of Phoenix to provide its products and services.

Economic conditions related to Phoenix, Phoenix’s customers, and Phoenix’s suppliers, could negatively impact Phoenix’s business and results of operations. Phoenix has experienced, and may continue to experience, reduced demand for certain of its products and services. As a result of uncertainty about global economic conditions, including factors such as unemployment, bankruptcies, financial market volatility, sovereign debt issues, government budget deficits, tariffs, and other factors which continue to affect the global economy, Phoenix’s customers and suppliers may experience further deterioration of their businesses, suffer cash flow shortages or file for bankruptcy. In turn, existing or potential customers may delay or decline to purchase Phoenix products and related services, and Phoenix’s suppliers and customers may not be able to fulfill their obligations to it in a timely fashion.

Educational textbook cover and component sales depend on continued government funding for educational spending, which impacts demand by its customers, and may be affected by changes in or continued restrictions on local, state and/or federal funding and school budgets. As a result, a reduction in consumer discretionary spending or disposable income and/or adverse trends in the general economy (and consumer perceptions of those trends) may affect Phoenix more significantly than other businesses in other industries.

In addition, customer difficulties could result in increases in bad debt write-offs and increases to Phoenix’s allowance for doubtful accounts receivable. Further, Phoenix’s suppliers may experience similar conditions as its customers, which may impact their viability and their ability to fulfill their obligations to Phoenix. Negative changes in these or related economic factors could materially adversely affect Phoenix’s business.

A substantial decrease or interruption in business from Phoenix’s significant customers or suppliers could adversely affect its business.

Phoenix has significant customer and supplier concentration. For additional information regarding customer and supplier concentrations, see “Part I, Item 1. Financial Statements – Note 5. Concentration Risks.” Any significant cancellation, deferral or reduction in the quantity or type of products sold to these principal customers or a significant number of smaller customers, including as a result of Phoenix’s failure to perform, the impact of economic weakness and challenges to customer businesses, a change in buying habits, further industry consolidation or the impact of the shift to alternative methods of content delivery, including digital distribution and printing, to customers, could have a material adverse effect on Phoenix business. Further, if Phoenix’s significant customers, in turn, are not able to secure large orders, they will not be able to place orders with Phoenix. A substantial decrease or interruption in business from Phoenix’s significant customers could result in write-offs or the loss of future business and could have a material adverse effect on Phoenix’s business.

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Additionally, Phoenix purchases certain limited grades of paper to produce book and component products. If Phoenix’s suppliers reduce their supplies or discontinue these grades of paper, Phoenix may be unable to fulfill its contract obligations, which could have a material adverse effect on its business. See “Part I, Item 1. Financial Statements – Note 5. Concentration Risks.”  

The impact of digital media and similar technological changes, including the substitution of printed products with digital content, may continue to adversely affect the results of Phoenix’s operations.

The industry in which Phoenix operates is experiencing rapid change due to the impact of digital media and content on printed products. Electronic delivery of information offer alternatives to traditional delivery in the form of print materials provided by Phoenix. Further improvements in the accessibility and quality of digital media, mobile technologies, e-reader technologies, digital retailing and the digital distribution of documents and data has resulted and may continue to result in increased consumer substitution away from Phoenix’s printed products. Continued consumer acceptance of such digital media, as an alternative to print materials, is uncertain and difficult to predict and may decrease the demand for the Phoenix’s printed products, result in reduced pricing for its printing services and additional excess capacity in the printing industry, and could materially adversely affect Phoenix’s business.

Fluctuations in the cost and availability of raw materials could increase Phoenix cost of sales.

To produce its products, Phoenix is dependent upon the availability of raw materials, including paper, ink, and adhesives, the price and availability of which are affected by numerous factors beyond its control. These factors include:

 

the level of consumer demand for these materials and downstream products containing or using these materials;

 

the supply of these materials and the impact of industry consolidation;

 

government regulation and taxes;

 

market uncertainty;

 

volatility in the capital and credit markets;

 

environmental conditions and regulations; and

 

political and global economic conditions.

Any material increase in the price of key raw materials could adversely impact Phoenix cost of sales or result in the loss of availability of such materials at reasonable prices. When these fluctuations result in significantly higher raw material costs, Phoenix’s operating results are adversely affected to the extent it is unable to pass on these increased costs to its customers or to the extent they materially affect customer buying habits. Significant fluctuations in prices for paper, ink, and adhesives could, therefore, have a material adverse effect on Phoenix’s business.

Phoenix is subject to environmental obligations and liabilities that could impose substantial costs upon Phoenix.

Phoenix’s operations are subject to a variety of federal, state, local and foreign laws and regulations governing emissions to air, discharge to water, the generation, handling, storage, transportation, treatment and disposal of hazardous substances and other materials, and employee health and safety matters. As an owner and operator of real property and a generator of hazardous substances, Phoenix may be subject to environmental cleanup liability, regardless of fault, pursuant to the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act or analogous state laws, as well as to claims for harm to health or property or for natural resource damages arising out of contamination or exposure to hazardous substances. Some current or past operations have involved metalworking and plating, printing and other activities that have resulted in or could result in environmental conditions giving rise to liabilities. If Phoenix incurs significant expenses related to environmental cleanup or damages stemming from harm or alleged harm to health, property or natural resources arising from contamination or exposure to hazardous substances, Phoenix’s business may be materially and adversely affected.

Risks Related to our Businesses Generally

A widespread health crisis, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, may adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.

A widespread health crisis, including the COVID-19 pandemic, and related governmental responses may adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition. These effects could include disruptions to our workforce due to illness or “shelter-in-place” restrictions, temporary closures of our facilities, the interruption of our supply chains and distribution channels, and similar effects on our customers or suppliers that may impact their ability to perform under their contracts with us or cause them to

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curtail their business with us. In addition, we have taken and will continue to take temporary precautionary measures intended to help minimize the risk of COVID-19 to our employees, including requiring certain employees to work remotely and suspending non-essential travel and in-person meetings, which could negatively affect our business. Further, COVID-19 has and is expected to continue to adversely affect the economies and financial markets of many countries and most areas of the United States, which may affect demand for our products and services and our ability to obtain additional financing for our business. Further impacts specific to our subsidiaries’ businesses may include:

 

Prolonged interruption of Faneuil’s physical customer contact centers due to illness or stay-at-home regulations and costs related to transitioning to work from home arrangements;

 

Reduced demand for Faneuil’s toll services as travel declines;

 

Reduction in construction activity leading to reduced orders from and adverse impacts to Carpets’ major customers;

 

Disruption of Phoenix’s production facilities due to illness or stay-at-home regulations; and

 

Similar impacts that negatively affect Phoenix’s significant customer or suppliers.

Any of these events could materially and adversely affect our business and our financial results. To the extent that the COVID-19 pandemic adversely affects our business and financial results, it may also have the effect of heightening many of the other risks described in this “Risk Factors” section, such as those relating to our high level of indebtedness, our need to generate sufficient cash flows to service our indebtedness and our ability to comply with the covenants contained in our credit agreement.

The extent to which COVID-19 will impact our business and our financial results will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted with certainty. Such developments may include the ongoing spread of the virus, the severity of the disease, the duration of the outbreak and the type and duration of actions that may be taken by various governmental authorities in response to the outbreak and the impact on the economy. As a result, at the time of this filing, it is not possible to predict the overall impact of COVID-19 on our business, liquidity, and financial results.

We previously received a notice of failure to satisfy a continued listing rule from the Nasdaq.

 

On April 9, 2020, we received a letter from the Listing Qualifications Department of the Nasdaq Stock Market (“Nasdaq”) indicating that, based upon the closing bid price of our common stock for the last 30 consecutive business days, we did not meet the minimum bid price of $1.00 per share required for continued listing on The Nasdaq Global Market pursuant to Nasdaq Listing Rule 5450(a)(1). Pursuant to the initial Nasdaq notice and Rule 5810(c)(3)(A) of the Nasdaq Listing Rules, we originally had 180 calendar days from the date of the notice, or until October 6, 2020, to regain compliance with the minimum bid price requirement in Rule 5550(a)(2) by achieving a closing bid price for our common stock of at least $1.00 per share over a minimum of 10 consecutive business days. However, on April 17, 2020, we received a second letter from the Nasdaq indicating that, given the extraordinary market conditions, effective as of April 16, 2020, the Nasdaq has determined to toll the compliance periods for the minimum bid price requirement through June 30, 2020, such that we had until December 21, 2020, to regain compliance. On November 5, 2020, we received a notice from NASDAQ that we had regained compliance with Listing Rule 5450(a)(1). Despite Nasdaq now considering this matter closed, there can be no assurance that we will be able to remain in compliance with the minimum bid price requirement or with other Nasdaq listing requirements in the future. If we are unable to remain in compliance with the minimum bid price requirement or with any of the other continued listing requirements, the Nasdaq may take steps to delist our common stock, which could have adverse results, including, but not limited to, a decrease in the liquidity and market price of our common stock, loss of confidence by our employees and investors, loss of business opportunities, and limitations in potential financing options.

Our ability to engage in some business transactions may be limited by the terms of our debt.

Our financing documents contain affirmative and negative financial covenants restricting ALJ, Faneuil, Carpets, and Phoenix. Specifically, our loan facilities covenants restrict ALJ, Faneuil, Carpets, and Phoenix from:

 

incurring additional debt;

 

making certain capital expenditures;

 

allowing liens to exist;

 

entering transactions with affiliates;

 

guaranteeing the debt of other entities, including joint ventures;

 

merging, consolidating, or otherwise combining with another company; or

 

transferring or selling our assets.

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Our ability to borrow under our loan arrangements depends on our compliance with certain covenants and borrowing base requirements. A significant deterioration in our profitability and/or cash flow, whether caused by our inability to grow our businesses in a profitable manner, or by events beyond our control, may cause us to fall out of compliance with such covenants and borrowing base requirements. The failure to comply with these covenants and requirements could result in an event of default under our loan arrangements that, if not cured or waived, could terminate such partys ability to borrow further, permit acceleration of the relevant debt (and other indebtedness based on cross-default provisions) and permit foreclosure on any collateral granted as security under the loan arrangements, which includes substantially all of our assets. Accordingly, any default under our loan facilities could also result in a material adverse effect on us that may result in our lenders seeking to recover from us or against our assets. There can also be no assurance that the lenders will grant waivers on covenant violations if they occur. Any such event of default would have a material adverse effect on us.

We have substantial indebtedness and our ability to generate cash to service our indebtedness depends on factors that are beyond our control.

We currently have, and will likely continue to have, a substantial amount of indebtedness, some of which require us to make a lump-sum or “balloon” payment at maturity. Our indebtedness could, among other things, make it more difficult for us to satisfy our debt obligations, require us to use a large portion of our cash flow from operations to repay and service our debt or otherwise create liquidity problems, limit our flexibility to adjust to market conditions and place us at a competitive disadvantage. We expect to obtain the money to pay our expenses and pay the principal and interest on our indebtedness from cash flow from our operations and potentially from debt or equity offerings. However, if we do not have sufficient funds to repay the debt at maturity of these loans, we will need to refinance this debt. If the credit environment is constrained at the time the balloon payment is due or our indebtedness otherwise matures, we may not be able to refinance our existing indebtedness on acceptable terms and may be forced to choose from a number of unfavorable options. These options include agreeing to otherwise unfavorable financing terms, selling assets on disadvantageous terms or defaulting on the loan and permitting the lender to foreclose. Accordingly, our ability to meet our obligations depends on our future performance and capital raising activities, which will be affected by financial, business, economic and other factors, many of which are beyond our control. If our cash flow and capital resources prove inadequate to allow us to pay the principal and interest on our debt and meet our other obligations, our ability to execute our business plan and effectively compete in the marketplace may be materially adversely affected.

The industries in which our subsidiaries operate are highly competitive, which could decrease demand for our subsidiaries’ products or force them to lower their prices, which could have a material adverse effect on their business and our financial results.

Faneuil primarily competes based on quality, performance, innovation, technology, price, applications expertise, system and service flexibility, and established customer service capabilities, as its services relate to toll collection, customer contact centers, and employee staffing. Faneuil may not be able to compete effectively on all these fronts or with all of its competitors.

Phoenix competes directly or indirectly with several established book and book component manufacturers. New distribution channels such as digital formats, the internet and online retailers and growing delivery platforms (e.g., tablets and e-readers), combined with the concentration of retailer power, pose threats and provide opportunities to traditional consumer publishing models, potentially impacting both sales volumes and pricing.

Carpets competes with several home improvement stores, building materials supply houses and lumber yards, specialty design stores, showrooms, discount stores, local, regional and national hardware stores, mail order firms, warehouse clubs, independent building supply stores, and other retailers, as well as with installers. Also, it faces growing competition from online and multichannel retailers as its customers increasingly use computers, tablets, smartphones, and other mobile devices to shop online and compare prices and products in real time.

Competitive pressures or the inability by our subsidiaries to adapt effectively and quickly to a changing competitive landscape could affect prices, margins or demand for products and services. If our subsidiaries are unable to respond timely and appropriately to these competitive pressures, from existing or new competitors, their business, market share and financial performance could be adversely affected.

A failure to attract and retain necessary personnel, skilled management, and qualified subcontractors may have an adverse impact on the business of our subsidiaries.

Because each of our subsidiaries operates in intensely competitive markets, its success depends to a significant extent upon each subsidiary’s ability to attract, retain and motivate highly skilled and qualified personnel and to subcontract with qualified, competent subcontractors. If our subsidiaries fail to attract, develop, motivate, retain, and effectively utilize personnel with the desired levels of

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training or experience, or, as applicable, are unable to contract with qualified, competent subcontractors, their business will be harmed. Experienced and capable personnel remain in high demand, and there is continual competition for their talents. Quality service depends on the ability to retain employees and control personnel turnover, as any increase in the employee turnover rate could increase recruiting and training costs and could decrease operating effectiveness and productivity. Additionally, our subsidiaries’ businesses are driven in part by the personal relationships, skills, experience and performance of each subsidiary’s senior management team. Despite executing employment agreements with members of each subsidiary’s senior management team, such members may discontinue service with our subsidiaries and we may not be able to find individuals to replace them at the same cost, or at all. We have not obtained “key person” insurance for any member of our senior management team. The loss or interruption of the services of any key employee or the loss of a key subcontractor relationship could hurt our business, financial condition, cash flow, results of operations and prospects.

Changes in interest rates may increase our interest expense.

 

As of December 31, 2020, $93.1 million of our current borrowings under the Cerberus Term Loan, Cerberus/PNC Revolver, and potential future borrowings are, and may continue to be, at variable rates of interest, tied to LIBOR or the Prime Rate of interest, thus exposing us to interest rate risk. Such rates tend to fluctuate based on general economic conditions, general interest rates, Federal Reserve rates and the supply of and demand for credit in the relevant interbanking market. In recent years, the Fed has incrementally changed the target range for the federal funds rate. Changes in the interest rate generally, and particularly when coupled with any significant variable rate indebtedness, could materially adversely impact our interest expense. If interest rates changed in the future by 100 basis points, based on our current borrowings as of December 31, 2020, our interest expense would increase or decrease by $0.9 million per year.

 

Further, the United Kingdom’s Financial Conduct Authority, which regulates LIBOR, has announced that it intends to stop encouraging or compelling banks to submit rates for the calculation of LIBOR rates after 2021 (the “FCA Announcement”). The U.S. Federal Reserve, in conjunction with the Alternative Reference Rates Committee, a steering committee comprised of large U.S. financial institutions, is considering replacing U.S. dollar LIBOR with a new index, the Secured Overnight Financing Rate (“SOFR”), calculated using short-term repurchase agreements backed by Treasury securities. We are evaluating the potential impact of the eventual replacement of the LIBOR benchmark interest rate, however, we are not able to predict whether LIBOR will cease to be available after 2021 or whether SOFR will become a widely accepted benchmark in place of LIBOR. Although it is not possible to predict the effect the FCA Announcement, any discontinuation, modification or other reforms to LIBOR or the establishment of alternative reference rates such as SOFR may have on LIBOR, we do not expect the effect to have a material impact on our interest expense.

 

We may not receive the full amounts estimated under the contracts in our backlog, which could reduce our revenue in future periods below the levels anticipated. This makes backlog an uncertain indicator of future operating results.

 

As of December 31, 2020, each of our subsidiaries had a significant backlog. Our backlog is typically subject to large variations from quarter to quarter and comparisons of backlog from period to period are not necessarily indicative of future revenue. The contracts comprising our backlog may not result in actual revenue in any particular period or at all, and the actual revenue from such contracts may differ from our backlog estimates. The timing of receipt of revenue, if any, for projects included in backlog could change because many factors affect the scheduling of projects. In certain instances, customers may have the right to cancel, reduce or defer amounts that we have in our backlog, which could negatively affect our future revenue. The failure to realize all amounts in our backlog could adversely affect our revenue and gross margins. As a result, our subsidiaries’ backlog as of any particular date may not be an accurate indicator of our future revenue or earnings.

Some of our officers may have outside business interests, which could impair our ability to implement our business strategies and lead to potential conflicts of interest. 

Some of our officers, in the course of their other business activities, may become aware of investments, business or other information which may be appropriate for presentation to us as well as to other entities to which they owe a fiduciary duty. They may also in the future become affiliated with entities that are engaged in business or other activities similar to those we intend to conduct. As a result, they may have conflicts of interest in determining to which entity particular opportunities or information should be presented. If, as a result of such conflict, we are deprived of investments, business or information, the execution of our business plan and our ability to effectively compete in the marketplace may be adversely affected.

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We may not be able to consummate additional acquisitions and dispositions on acceptable terms or at all. Furthermore, we and our subsidiaries may not be able to integrate acquisitions successfully and achieve anticipated synergies, or the acquisitions and dispositions we and our subsidiaries pursue could disrupt our business and harm our financial condition and operating results.

As part of our business strategy, we intend to continue to pursue acquisitions and dispositions. Acquisitions and dispositions could involve a number of risks and present financial, managerial and operational challenges, including:

 

adverse developments with respect to our results of operations as a result of an acquisition which may require us to incur charges and/or substantial debt or liabilities;

 

disruption of our ongoing business and diversion of resources and management attention from existing businesses and strategic matters;

 

difficulty with assimilation and integration of operations, technologies, products, personnel or financial or other systems;

 

increased expenses, including compensation expenses resulting from newly hired employees and/or workforce integration and restructuring;

 

disruption of relationships with current and new personnel, customers and suppliers;

 

integration challenges related to implementing or improving internal controls, procedures and/or policies at a business that prior to the acquisition lacked the same level of controls, procedures and/or policies;

 

assumption of certain known and unknown liabilities of the acquired business;

 

regulatory challenges or resulting delays; and

 

potential disputes (including with respect to indemnification claims) with the buyers of disposed businesses or with the sellers of acquired businesses, technologies, services or products.

We may not be able to consummate acquisitions or dispositions on favorable terms or at all. Our ability to consummate acquisitions will be limited by our ability to identify appropriate acquisition candidates, to negotiate acceptable terms for purchase and our access to financial resources, including available cash and borrowing capacity. In addition, we could experience financial or other setbacks if we are unable to realize, or are delayed in realizing, the anticipated benefits resulting from an acquisition, if we incur greater than expected costs in achieving the anticipated benefits or if any business that we acquire or invest in encounters problems or liabilities which we were not aware of or were more extensive than believed.

Our net operating loss carryforwards could be substantially limited if we experience an “ownership change,” as defined in Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code.

Our ability to utilize net operating losses (“NOLs”) and built-in losses under Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code (the “Code”) and tax credit carryforwards to offset our future taxable income and/or to recover previously paid taxes would be limited if we were to undergo an “ownership change” within the meaning of Section 382 of the Code, which is generally any change in ownership of more than 50% of its stock over a three-year period. These rules generally operate by focusing on ownership changes among stockholders owning directly or indirectly 5% or more of the stock of a company and any change in ownership arising from a new issuance of stock by the company. Depending on the resulting limitation, a significant portion of our NOLs could expire before we would be able to use them. At the end of our last fiscal year, September 30, 2020, we had net operating loss carryforwards for federal income tax purposes of approximately $133.2 million that start expiring in 2022. Approximately $109.9 million of the carryforward expires in 2022. Our inability to utilize our NOLs would have a negative impact on our financial position and results of operations.

In August 2018, our shareholders approved the amendment of certain provisions in our Restated Certificate of Incorporation, updating certain restrictions on transfers of our stock that may result in an “ownership change” within the meaning of Section 382 in order to preserve stockholder value and the value of certain tax assets primarily associated with NOLs and built-in losses under Section 382. We do not believe we have experienced an “ownership change” as defined by Section 382 in the last three years. However, whether a change in ownership occurs in the future is largely outside of our control, and there can be no assurance that such a change will not occur.

The concentration of our capital stock ownership with insiders will likely limit your ability to influence corporate matters. 

Our executive officers and directors and their affiliated entities together beneficially owned approximately 58.6% of our outstanding common stock at January 31, 2021. Jess Ravich, our current Chief Executive Officer, beneficially owned approximately 49.9% of our common stock as of January 31, 2021. As a result, these stockholders, if they act together or in a block, could have significant influence

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over most matters that require approval by our stockholders, including the election of directors and approval of significant corporate transactions, even if other stockholders oppose them. This concentration of ownership might also have the effect of delaying or preventing a change of control of our company that other stockholders may view as beneficial.

We do not currently plan to pay dividends to holders of our common stock.

We do not currently anticipate paying cash dividends to the holders of our common stock. Accordingly, holders of our common stock must rely on price appreciation as the sole method to realize a gain on their investment. There can be no assurances that the price of our common stock will ever appreciate in value.

Certain provisions in our Restated Certificate of Incorporation contain transfer restrictions that may have the effect of delaying or preventing beneficial takeover bids by third parties.

Our Restated Certificate of Incorporation imposes certain restrictions on transfer of stock designed to preserve the value of certain tax assets primarily associated with our NOLs and built-in losses under Section 382. These restrictions prohibit certain transfers that would result in a person or a group of persons acquiring 5% of more of ALJ’s outstanding stock, unless otherwise approved by our Board of Directors or a committee thereof. While such transfer restrictions are intended to protect our NOLs and built-in losses under Section 382, they may also have the effect of delaying or preventing beneficial takeover bids by third parties.

General Risk Factors

Changes in U.S. tax laws could have a material adverse effect on our business, cash flow, results of operations or financial conditions.

On December 22, 2017, President Trump signed into law the final version of the Tax Reform Law. The Tax Reform Law significantly reforms the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, with many of its provisions effective for tax years beginning on or after January 1, 2018. The Tax Reform Law, among other things, contains significant changes to corporate taxation, including a permanent reduction of the corporate income tax rate, a partial limitation on the deductibility of business interest expense, a limitation of the deduction for net operating loss carryforwards, an indefinite net operating loss carryforward and the elimination of the two-year net operating loss carryback, temporary, immediate expensing for certain new investments and the modification or repeal of many business deductions and credits. We continue to examine the impact this tax reform legislation may have on our business. Notwithstanding the reduction in the corporate income tax rate, the overall impact of the Tax Reform Law is uncertain and our business and financial condition could be adversely affected. The impact of this reform on our stockholders is uncertain. Stockholders should consult with their tax advisors regarding the effect of the Tax Reform Law and other potential changes to the U.S. Federal tax laws on them.

The market price of our common stock is volatile.

The market price of our common stock could fluctuate substantially in the future in response to a number of factors, including the following:

 

our quarterly operating results or the operating results of other companies in our industry;

 

changes in general conditions in the economy, the financial markets or our industry;

 

relatively low trading volumes;

 

announcements by our competitors of significant acquisitions; and

 

the occurrence of various risks described in these Risk Factors.

Also, the stock market has experienced extreme price and volume fluctuations recently. This volatility has had a significant impact on the market prices of securities issued by many companies for reasons unrelated to their operating performance. These broad market fluctuations may materially adversely affect our stock price, regardless of our operating results.

We are subject to claims arising in the ordinary course of our business that could be time-consuming, result in costly litigation and settlements or judgments, require significant amounts of management attention and result in the diversion of significant operational resources, which could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

We, our officers, and our subsidiaries, are currently involved in, and from time to time may become involved in, legal proceedings or be subject to claims arising in the ordinary course of our business. Litigation is inherently unpredictable, time-consuming and

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distracting to our management team, and the expenses of conducting litigation are not inconsequential. Such distraction and expense may adversely affect the execution of our business plan and our ability to compete effectively in the marketplace. Further, if we do not prevail in litigation in which we may be involved, our results could be adversely affected, in some cases, materially. For additional information, see “Part II. Item 1, Legal Proceedings.”

Any business disruptions due to political instability, armed hostilities, acts of terrorism, natural disasters or other unforeseen events could adversely affect our financial performance.

If terrorist activities, armed conflicts, political instability or natural disasters, including climate change related events, occur in the United States, such events may negatively affect the operations of our subsidiaries, cause general economic conditions to deteriorate or cause demand for our subsidiaries’ services to decline. A prolonged economic slowdown or recession could reduce the demand for our subsidiaries’ services, and consequently, negatively affect our subsidiaries’ future sales and profits. Additionally, certain of our subsidiaries are dependent on key production facilities and certain specialized machines. Any disruption of production capabilities due to unforeseen events at any of our subsidiaries’ principal facilities could adversely affect our business, results of operations, cash flows, and financial condition.

Account data breaches involving stored data, or the misuse of such data could adversely affect our reputation, performance, and financial condition.

We and each of our subsidiaries provide services that involve the storage of non-public information. Cyber-attacks designed to gain access to sensitive information are constantly evolving, and high-profile electronic security breaches leading to unauthorized releases of sensitive information have occurred recently at several major U.S. companies, including several large retailers, despite widespread recognition of the cyber-attack threat and improved data protection methods. Any breach of the systems on which sensitive data and account information are stored or archived and any misuse by our employees, by employees of data archiving services or by other unauthorized users of such data could lead to damage to our reputation, claims against us and other potential increases in costs. If we are unsuccessful in defending any lawsuit involving such data security breaches or misuse, we may be forced to pay damages, which could materially and adversely affect our profitability and financial condition. Also, damage to our reputation stemming from such breaches could adversely affect our prospects. As the regulatory environment relating to companies obligations to protect such sensitive data becomes stricter, a material failure on our part to comply with applicable regulations could subject us to fines or other regulatory sanctions.

Your share ownership may be diluted by the issuance of additional shares of our common or preferred stock in the future.

Your share ownership may be diluted by the issuance of additional shares of our common or preferred stock or securities convertible into common or preferred stock in the future. As of December 31, 2020, a total of 1,465,000 shares of our common stock are issuable pursuant to outstanding options issued by us at a weighted-average exercise price of $3.54, and 2,907,529 shares of our common stock are issuable pursuant to outstanding warrants at a weighted-average exercise price of $1.11. As of December 31, 2020, ALJ had debt that was convertible into approximately 10,933,000 shares of common stock at the discretion of the debt holder.  It is probable that options or warrants to purchase our common stock, or debt that is convertible into common stock, will be exercised during their respective terms if the fair market value of our common stock exceeds the exercise price of the particular option or warrant. If the stock options or warrants are exercised, your share ownership will be diluted. Additionally, options to purchase up to 1,335,000 shares of ALJ common stock are available for grant under our existing equity compensation plans as of December 31, 2020.

In addition, our Board of Directors may determine from time to time that we need to raise additional capital by issuing additional shares of our common stock or other securities. We are not restricted from issuing additional common stock or preferred stock, including any securities that are convertible into or exchangeable for, or that represent the right to receive, common or preferred stock. The issuance of any additional shares of common stock or preferred stock or securities convertible into, exchangeable for or that represent the right to receive common or preferred stock, or the exercise of such securities could be substantially dilutive to shareholders of our common stock. New investors also may have rights, preferences, and privileges that are senior to, and that adversely affect, our then current shareholders. Holders of our shares of common stock have no preemptive rights that entitle holders to purchase their pro rata share of any offering of shares of any class or series. The market price of our common stock could decline as a result of sales of shares of our common stock made after this offering or the perception that such sales could occur. We cannot predict or estimate the amount, timing or nature of our future offerings. Thus, our shareholders bear the risk of our future offerings reducing the market price of our common stock and diluting their stock holdings.

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We are an “emerging growth company” and a “smaller reporting company” and we may take advantage of certain exemptions from various reporting requirements that are applicable to other public companies that are not “emerging growth companies” or “smaller reporting companies.”

We qualify as an emerging growth company, as defined in Section 2(a) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), as modified by the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012 (the JOBS Act). We shall continue to be deemed an emerging growth company until the earliest of:

(a)     the last day of the fiscal year in which we have total annual gross revenue of $1.07 billion or more;

(b)     the last day of the fiscal year of the issuer following the fifth anniversary of the date of the first sale of common equity securities of the issuer pursuant to an effective registration statement;

(c)     the date on which we have issued more than $1 billion in non-convertible debt, during the previous 3-year period, issued; or

(d)     the date on which we are deemed to be a large accelerated filer.

For so long as we remain an emerging growth company, we are subject to reduced public company reporting requirements, including, but not limited to, not being required to comply with the auditor attestation requirements of Section 404(b) of Sarbanes Oxley and reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in our periodic reports and proxy statements. We are also exempt from Section 14A (a) and (b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 which require shareholder approval of executive compensation and golden parachutes for so long as we remain an emerging growth company.

We have elected to use the extended transition period for complying with new or revised accounting standards under Section 102(b)(2) of the JOBS Act, which allows us to delay the adoption of new or revised accounting standards that have different effective dates for public and private companies until those standards apply to private companies. As a result of this election, our financial statements may not be comparable to companies that comply with public company effective dates.

We are also a “smaller reporting company,” meaning that we are not an investment company, an asset-backed issuer, or a majority-owned subsidiary of a parent company that is not a “smaller reporting company,” and have either: (i) a public float of less than $250 million or (ii) annual revenues of less than $100 million during the most recently completed fiscal year and (A) no public float or (B) a public float of less than $700 million. As a “smaller reporting company,” we are subject to reduced disclosure obligations in our SEC filings compared to other issuers, including with respect to disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in our periodic reports and proxy statements. Until such time as we cease to be a “smaller reporting company,” such reduced disclosure in our SEC filings may make it harder for investors to analyze our operating results and financial prospects.

Climate change related events may have a long-term impact on our business.

While we seek to mitigate our business risks associated with climate change, we recognize that there are inherent climate related risks regardless of where we conduct our businesses. Access to clean water and reliable energy in the communities where we conduct our business is a priority. Any of our locations may be vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change. Climate related events have the potential to disrupt our business, including the business of our customers, and may cause us to experience higher attrition, losses and additional costs to resume operations.

 

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

None.

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities

None.

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosure

Not applicable.

Item 5. Other Information

None.

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Item 6 – Exhibits

 

Exhibit Number

 

Description of Exhibit

 

Method of Filing

3.1

 

Restated Bylaws of ALJ Regional Holdings, Inc., dated as of May 11, 2009

 

Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.4 to Form 10-12B as filed on February 2, 2016

 

 

 

 

 

3.2

 

Restated Certificate of Incorporation of ALJ Regional Holdings, Inc. as filed with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware on August 17, 2018

 

Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.5 to Form 10-K as filed on December 17, 2018

 

 

 

 

 

31.1

 

Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act")

 

Filed herewith

 

 

 

 

 

31.2

 

Certification of Chief Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) of the Exchange Act

 

Filed herewith

 

 

 

 

 

32.1

 

Certification of the Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(b) of the Exchange Act and 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 

Filed herewith

 

 

 

 

 

101.INS

 

XBRL Instance Document

 

Filed herewith

 

 

 

 

 

101.SCH

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document

 

Filed herewith

 

 

 

 

 

101.CAL

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document

 

Filed herewith

 

 

 

 

 

101.DEF

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document

 

Filed herewith

 

 

 

 

 

101.LAB

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document

 

Filed herewith

 

 

 

 

 

101.PRE

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

 

Filed herewith

 

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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

ALJ Regional Holdings, Inc.

 

Date: February 11, 2021

/s/ Jess Ravich

Jess Ravich

Chief Executive Officer

(Principal Executive Officer)

 

Date: February 11, 2021

/s/ Brian Hartman

Brian Hartman

Chief Financial Officer

(Principal Financial Officer)

 

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