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OPI Office Properties Income Trust

Filed: 28 Oct 21, 4:38pm
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2021
 
OR
 
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
Commission File Number 1-34364
 
OFFICE PROPERTIES INCOME TRUST
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)
 
Maryland 26-4273474
(State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation or Organization) (IRS Employer Identification No.)
 
Two Newton Place, 255 Washington Street, Suite 300, Newton, Massachusetts 02458-1634
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)  (Zip Code)
 
617-219-1440
(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)

Securities Registered Pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of Each ClassTrading Symbol(s)Name Of Each Exchange On Which Registered
Common Shares of Beneficial InterestOPIThe Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
6.375% Senior Notes due 2050OPINLThe Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes ☒  No ☐
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes ☒  No ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. 
Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes ☐  No ☒

Number of registrant’s common shares of beneficial interest, $.01 par value per share, outstanding as of October 27, 2021: 48,425,665


OFFICE PROPERTIES INCOME TRUST

FORM 10-Q

September 30, 2021
 
INDEX
 
 
 
References in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q to “the Company”, “OPI”, “we”, “us” or “our” include Office Properties Income Trust and its consolidated subsidiaries unless otherwise expressly stated or the context indicates otherwise.

2

PART I.    Financial Information 
Item 1.    Financial Statements
OFFICE PROPERTIES INCOME TRUST
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited) 
 September 30, 2021December 31, 2020
ASSETS  
Real estate properties:  
Land$873,488 $830,884 
Buildings and improvements2,964,277 2,691,259 
Total real estate properties, gross3,837,765 3,522,143 
Accumulated depreciation(459,408)(451,914)
Total real estate properties, net3,378,357 3,070,229 
Assets of properties held for sale71,873 75,177 
Investments in unconsolidated joint ventures35,828 37,951 
Acquired real estate leases, net536,772 548,943 
Cash and cash equivalents54,881 42,045 
Restricted cash1,139 14,810 
Rents receivable97,507 101,766 
Deferred leasing costs, net52,182 42,626 
Other assets, net11,339 12,889 
Total assets$4,239,878 $3,946,436 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY  
Unsecured revolving credit facility$— $— 
Senior unsecured notes, net2,477,730 2,033,242 
Mortgage notes payable, net98,460 169,729 
Liabilities of properties held for sale1,059 891 
Accounts payable and other liabilities126,317 116,480 
Due to related persons12,571 6,114 
Assumed real estate lease obligations, net17,761 10,588 
Total liabilities2,733,898 2,337,044 
Commitments and contingencies00
Shareholders’ equity:  
Common shares of beneficial interest, $0.01 par value: 200,000,000 shares authorized, 48,425,924 and 48,318,366 shares issued and outstanding, respectively484 483 
Additional paid in capital2,616,751 2,615,305 
Cumulative net income158,770 183,895 
Cumulative common distributions(1,270,025)(1,190,291)
Total shareholders’ equity1,505,980 1,609,392 
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity$4,239,878 $3,946,436 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

3

OFFICE PROPERTIES INCOME TRUST
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(amounts in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited) 
 Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2021202020212020
Rental income $147,572 $145,806 $429,195 $441,294 
Expenses:    
Real estate taxes20,067 16,113 52,133 48,701 
Utility expenses7,389 7,564 19,131 19,777 
Other operating expenses26,537 26,366 76,874 78,033 
Depreciation and amortization59,533 62,227 178,991 189,340 
Loss on impairment of real estate(3)2,954 55,854 2,954 
General and administrative448 7,059 24,690 21,372 
Total expenses113,971 122,283 407,673 360,177 
Gain on sale of real estate36 — 54,154 10,822 
Interest and other income— 738 
Interest expense (including net amortization of debt premiums, discounts and issuance costs of $2,442, $2,477, $7,366 and $7,162, respectively)(26,929)(27,097)(84,728)(79,461)
Loss on early extinguishment of debt(2,274)— (14,068)(3,839)
Income (loss) before income tax (expense) benefit and equity in net losses of investees4,434 (3,572)(23,113)9,377 
Income tax (expense) benefit(34)54 (348)(220)
Equity in net losses of investees(688)(279)(1,664)(815)
Net income (loss)3,712 (3,797)(25,125)8,342 
Other comprehensive income (loss):
Unrealized gain on financial instrument— 85 — 200 
Other comprehensive income— 85 — 200 
Comprehensive income (loss)$3,712 $(3,712)$(25,125)$8,542 
Weighted average common shares outstanding (basic)48,211 48,132 48,179 48,111 
Weighted average common shares outstanding (diluted)48,244 48,132 48,179 48,111 
Per common share amounts (basic and diluted):  
Net income (loss)$0.08 $(0.08)$(0.52)$0.17 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.


4

OFFICE PROPERTIES INCOME TRUST
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(dollars in thousands)
(unaudited)
 Number
of Shares
Common SharesAdditional
Paid In Capital
Cumulative
Net Income
Cumulative
Common
Distributions
Total Shareholders’ Equity
Balance at December 31, 202048,318,366$483 $2,615,305 $183,895 $(1,190,291)$1,609,392 
Share grants— — 321 — — 321 
Net income— — — 37,860 — 37,860 
Distributions to common shareholders— — — — (26,575)(26,575)
Balance at March 31, 202148,318,366483 2,615,626 221,755 (1,216,866)1,620,998 
Share grants28,000 — 1,176 — — 1,176 
Share repurchases(12,009)— (352)— — (352)
Net loss— — — (66,697)— (66,697)
Distributions to common shareholders— — — — (26,575)(26,575)
Balance at June 30, 202148,334,357483 2,616,450 155,058 (1,243,441)1,528,550 
Share grants117,800 950 — — 951 
Share forfeitures and repurchases(26,233)— (649)— — (649)
Net income— — — 3,712 — 3,712 
Distributions to common shareholders— — — — (26,584)(26,584)
Balance at September 30, 202148,425,924$484 $2,616,751 $158,770 $(1,270,025)$1,505,980 
`

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

5

OFFICE PROPERTIES INCOME TRUST
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(dollars in thousands)
(unaudited)

 Number
of Shares
Common SharesAdditional
Paid In Capital
Cumulative
Net Income
Cumulative
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
Cumulative
Common
Distributions
Total Shareholders’ Equity
Balance at December 31, 201948,201,941$482 $2,612,425 $177,217 $(200)$(1,084,170)$1,705,754 
Share grants— 379 — — — 379 
Share repurchases(1,012)— (27)— — — (27)
Net current period other comprehensive loss— — — — (61)— (61)
Net income— — — 10,840 — — 10,840 
Distributions to common shareholders— — — — — (26,511)(26,511)
Balance at March 31, 202048,200,929482 2,612,777 188,057 (261)(1,110,681)1,690,374 
Share grants28,000— 1,121 — — — 1,121 
Share repurchases(1,129)— (30)— — — (30)
Net current period other comprehensive income— — — 176 — 176 
Net income— — 1,299 — — 1,299 
Distributions to common shareholders— — — — — (26,510)(26,510)
Balance at June 30, 202048,227,800482 2,613,868 189,356 (85)(1,137,191)1,666,430 
Share grants108,600864 — — — 865 
Share forfeitures and repurchases(18,034)— (386)— — — (386)
Amounts reclassified from cumulative other comprehensive loss to net loss— — — 85 — 85 
Net loss— — (3,797)— — (3,797)
Distributions to common shareholders— — — — (26,525)(26,525)
Balance at September 30, 202048,318,366$483 $2,614,346 $185,559 $— $(1,163,716)$1,636,672 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

6

OFFICE PROPERTIES INCOME TRUST
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(dollars in thousands)
(unaudited)
 Nine Months Ended September 30,
 20212020
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:  
Net income (loss)$(25,125)$8,342 
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:  
Depreciation67,469 62,570 
Net amortization of debt premiums, discounts and issuance costs7,366 7,162 
Amortization of acquired real estate leases108,471 126,409 
Amortization of deferred leasing costs5,750 5,208 
Gain on sale of real estate(54,154)(10,822)
Loss on impairment of real estate55,854 2,954 
Loss on early extinguishment of debt9,694 2,701 
Straight line rental income(13,128)(12,963)
Other non-cash expenses, net1,627 1,542 
Equity in net losses of investees1,664 815 
Change in assets and liabilities:
Rents receivable10,567 (4,853)
Deferred leasing costs(14,388)(10,722)
Other assets(1,523)(860)
Accounts payable and other liabilities(7,919)(11,593)
Due to related persons6,457 208 
Net cash provided by operating activities158,682 166,098 
  
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:  
Real estate acquisitions(563,447)(11,864)
Real estate improvements(65,186)(55,135)
Distributions in excess of earnings from unconsolidated joint ventures459 408 
Distributions in excess of earnings from Affiliates Insurance Company— 287 
Proceeds from sale of properties, net192,476 81,528 
Proceeds from repayment of mortgage note receivable— 2,880 
Net cash (used in) provided by investing activities(435,698)18,104 
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:  
Repayment of mortgage notes payable(72,238)(154,734)
Repayment of senior unsecured notes(610,000)(400,000)
Proceeds from issuance of senior unsecured notes, net1,041,809 408,932 
Borrowings on unsecured revolving credit facility755,000 561,467 
Repayments on unsecured revolving credit facility(755,000)(561,467)
Payment of debt issuance costs(2,655)(1,477)
Repurchase of common shares(1,001)(434)
Distributions to common shareholders(79,734)(79,546)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities276,181 (227,259)
Decrease in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash(835)(43,057)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period56,855 100,696 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period$56,020 $57,639 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

7

OFFICE PROPERTIES INCOME TRUST
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (CONTINUED)
(dollars in thousands)
(unaudited)


Nine Months Ended September 30,
20212020
SUPPLEMENTAL CASH FLOW INFORMATION:
Interest paid$86,917 $83,116 
Income taxes paid$294 $1,097 
NON-CASH INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
Real estate improvements accrued, not paid$15,428 $12,640 
Real estate acquisitions$(13,031)$— 
Capitalized interest$392 $119 

SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS AND RESTRICTED CASH:
The following table provides a reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash reported within the condensed consolidated balance sheets to the amounts shown in the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows:
As of September 30,
20212020
Cash and cash equivalents$54,881 $45,035 
Restricted cash (1)
1,139 12,604 
Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash shown in the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows$56,020 $57,639 
(1)Restricted cash consists of amounts escrowed for future real estate taxes, insurance, leasing costs, capital expenditures and debt service, as required by certain of our mortgage debts.
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
8

OFFICE PROPERTIES INCOME TRUST
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)

Note 1. Basis of Presentation
The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements of Office Properties Income Trust and its subsidiaries, or OPI, we, us or our, are unaudited. Certain information and disclosures required by U.S. generally accepted accounting principles, or GAAP, for complete financial statements have been condensed or omitted. We believe the disclosures made are adequate to make the information presented not misleading. However, the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, or our 2020 Annual Report. In the opinion of management, all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring accruals considered necessary for a fair statement of results for the interim period have been included. All intercompany transactions and balances with or among our consolidated subsidiaries have been eliminated. Our operating results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the full year.
The preparation of these financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect reported amounts. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Significant estimates in the condensed consolidated financial statements include purchase price allocations, useful lives of fixed assets and assessment of impairment of real estate and the related intangibles.
Note 2. Per Common Share Amounts
The following table provides a reconciliation of the weighted average number of common shares used in the calculation of basic and diluted earnings per share (in thousands):
 Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2021202020212020
Weighted average common shares for basic earnings per share48,211 48,132 48,179 48,111 
Effect of dilutive securities: unvested share awards (1)
33 — — — 
Weighted average common shares for diluted earnings per share48,244 48,132 48,179 48,111 
(1)For the three months ended September 30, 2020 and the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, there were no dilutive common shares and certain unvested common shares were not included in the calculation of diluted earnings per share because to do so would have been antidilutive.
Note 3. Real Estate Properties
As of September 30, 2021, our wholly owned properties were comprised of 178 properties containing a combined approximately 23,274,000 rentable square feet. The aggregate undepreciated carrying value of our wholly owned properties as of September 30, 2021 was $3,916,800, including $79,035 classified as held for sale, and we had noncontrolling ownership interests of 51% and 50% in 2 unconsolidated joint ventures that own 3 properties containing a combined approximately 444,000 rentable square feet. We generally lease space at our properties on a gross lease, modified gross lease or net lease basis pursuant to fixed term contracts expiring between 2021 and 2053. Some of our leases generally require us to pay all or some property operating expenses and to provide all or most property management services. During the three months ended September 30, 2021, we entered into 20 leases for approximately 659,000 rentable square feet for a weighted (by rentable square feet) average lease term of 10.9 years and we made commitments for approximately $46,133 of leasing related costs. During the nine months ended September 30, 2021, we entered into 65 leases for approximately 1,782,000 rentable square feet for a weighted (by rentable square feet) average lease term of 10.9 years and we made commitments for approximately $129,980 of leasing related costs. As of September 30, 2021, we had estimated unspent leasing related obligations of $129,369.
We regularly evaluate whether events or changes in circumstances have occurred that could indicate an impairment in the value of our long lived assets. If there is an indication that the carrying value of an asset is not recoverable, we estimate the projected undiscounted cash flows to determine if an impairment loss should be recognized. The future net undiscounted cash flows are subjective and are based in part on assumptions regarding hold periods, market rents and terminal capitalization rates. We determine the amount of any impairment loss by comparing the historical carrying value to estimated fair value. We estimate fair value through an evaluation of recent financial performance and projected discounted cash flows using standard industry valuation techniques. In addition to the consideration of impairment upon the events or changes in circumstances
9

OFFICE PROPERTIES INCOME TRUST
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)
described above, we regularly evaluate the remaining lives of our long lived assets. If we change our estimate of the remaining lives, we allocate the carrying value of the affected assets over their revised remaining lives.
Acquisition Activities
During the nine months ended September 30, 2021, we acquired 3 properties containing a combined approximately 926,000 rentable square feet for an aggregate purchase price of $576,478, including net purchase price adjustments of $1,761 and acquisition related costs of $1,264. These acquisitions were accounted for as asset acquisitions. We allocated the purchase prices of these acquisitions based on the relative estimated fair values of the acquired assets and assumed liabilities as follows:
Acquisition DateLocationNumber of PropertiesRentable Square FeetPurchase PriceLandBuildings and ImprovementsAcquired Real Estate LeasesAssumed Real Estate Lease Obligations
June 2021
Chicago, IL (1)
1531,000$368,331 $42,935 $258,348 $76,136 $(9,088)
June 2021Atlanta, GA1346,000180,602 13,040 135,459 32,103 — 
August 2021Boston, MA149,00027,545 16,103 10,217 1,225— 
3926,000$576,478 $72,078 $404,024 $109,464 $(9,088)
(1)Purchase price includes an adjustment of $13,031 to record an estimated real estate tax liability as of the acquisition date.
Disposition Activities
During the nine months ended September 30, 2021, we sold 6 properties and a warehouse facility adjacent to a property we own containing a combined approximately 2,565,000 rentable square feet for an aggregate sales price of $198,415, excluding closing costs. The sales of these properties, as presented in the table below, do not represent significant dispositions, individually or in the aggregate, nor do they represent a strategic shift in our business. As a result, the results of operations of these properties are included in continuing operations through the date of sale in our condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income (loss).
Date of SaleNumber of PropertiesLocationRentable Square Feet
Gross
 Sales Price (1)
Gain (Loss) on Sale of Real EstateLoss on Impairment of Real Estate
January 2021
Kansas City, MO (2)
10,000$845 $(63)$— 
January 20211Richmond, VA311,000130,000 54,181 — 
April 20211Huntsville, AL1,371,00039,000 — 5,383 
July 20211Fresno, CA532,0006,000 — 33,902 
July 20211Liverpool, NY38,000650 31 — 
August 20211Memphis, TN205,00015,270 287 — 
September 20211Stoneham, MA98,0006,650 (282)5,911 
62,565,000$198,415 $54,154 $45,196 
(1)Gross sales price is the gross contract price, excluding closing costs.
(2)Consists of a warehouse facility adjacent to a property we own located in Kansas City, MO.
10

OFFICE PROPERTIES INCOME TRUST
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)
As of September 30, 2021, we had 5 properties and 2 land parcels classified as held for sale in our condensed consolidated balance sheet. These properties and land parcels have been sold or are under agreement to sell for an aggregate sales price of $84,500, excluding closing costs, and are summarized below:
Date of Sale AgreementNumber of PropertiesLocationRentable Square Feet
Gross
 Sales Price (1)
August 2021
Sterling, VA (2)
$28,500 
October 20215Brookhaven, GA378,00056,000 
5378,000$84,500 
(1)Gross sales price is the gross contract price, excluding closing costs.
(2)Consists of two vacant land parcels adjacent to properties we own located in Sterling, VA. The sale of these land parcels was completed in October 2021.
In addition to the properties discussed above, we are currently marketing for sale 17 properties containing approximately 2,161,000 rentable square feet. As of September 30, 2021, 3 of these properties containing approximately 448,000 rentable square feet are classified as held for sale in our condensed consolidated balance sheet. We recorded a $10,658 loss on impairment of real estate to adjust the carrying value of these three properties to their estimated fair values less cost to sell during the nine months ended September 30, 2021. We have determined the remaining 14 properties were not impaired nor did they meet the held for sale criteria as of September 30, 2021.
We cannot be sure we will sell any properties we are marketing for prices in excess of our carrying values or that we will not recognize impairment losses or losses on sale with respect to these properties. In addition, our pending sale is subject to conditions; accordingly, we cannot be sure that we will complete this sale or that this sale will not be delayed or the terms will not change.
Unconsolidated Joint Ventures
We own interests in 2 joint ventures that own 3 properties. We account for these investments under the equity method of accounting. As of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, our investments in unconsolidated joint ventures consisted of the following:
OPI Carrying Value of Investments at
Joint VentureOPI OwnershipSeptember 30,
2021
December 31, 2020Number of PropertiesLocationRentable Square Feet
Prosperity Metro Plaza51%$21,142 $21,888 2Fairfax, VA329,000 
1750 H Street, NW50%14,686 16,063 1Washington, D.C.115,000 
Total$35,828 $37,951 3444,000 
The following table provides a summary of the mortgage debt of our 2 unconsolidated joint ventures:
Joint Venture
 Interest Rate (1)
Maturity Date
Principal Balance at September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 (2)
Prosperity Metro Plaza4.09%12/1/2029$50,000 
1750 H Street, NW3.69%8/1/202432,000 
Weighted Average / Total3.93%$82,000 
(1)Includes the effect of mark to market purchase accounting.
(2)Reflects the entire balance of the debt secured by the properties and is not adjusted to reflect the interests in the joint ventures we do not own. None of the debt is recourse to us.
At September 30, 2021, the aggregate unamortized basis difference of our 2 unconsolidated joint ventures of $7,098 is primarily attributable to the difference between the amount we paid to purchase our interest in these joint ventures, including transaction costs, and the historical carrying value of the net assets of these joint ventures. This difference is being amortized over the remaining useful life of the related properties and the resulting amortization expense is included in equity in net losses of investees in our condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income (loss).
11

OFFICE PROPERTIES INCOME TRUST
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)
Note 4. Leases
Our leases provide for base rent payments and in addition may include variable payments. Rental income from operating leases, including any payments derived by index or market-based indices, is recognized on a straight line basis over the lease term when we have determined that the collectability of substantially all of the lease payments is probable. Some of our leases have options to extend or terminate the lease exercisable at the option of our tenants, which are considered when determining the lease term. In certain circumstances, some leases provide the tenant with the right to terminate if the legislature or other funding authority does not appropriate the funding necessary for the tenant to meet its lease obligations; we have determined the fixed non-cancelable lease term of these leases to be the full term of the lease because we believe the occurrence of early terminations to be a remote contingency based on both our historical experience and our assessments of the likelihood of lease cancellation on a separate lease basis.
We increased rental income to record revenue on a straight line basis by $3,924 and $3,912 for the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and $13,128 and $12,963 for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. Rents receivable, excluding properties classified as held for sale, include $76,033 and $68,824 of straight line rent receivables at September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.
We do not include in our measurement of our lease receivables certain variable payments, including payments determined by changes in the index or market-based indices after the inception of the lease, certain tenant reimbursements and other income until the specific events that trigger the variable payments have occurred. Such payments totaled $24,098 and $60,446 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively, of which tenant reimbursements totaled $23,167 and $57,609, respectively. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, such payments totaled $18,606 and $56,654, respectively, of which tenant reimbursements totaled $17,495 and $53,346, respectively.
Note 5. Concentration 
Tenant and Credit Concentration 
We define annualized rental income as the annualized contractual base rents from our tenants pursuant to our lease agreements as of the measurement date, plus straight line rent adjustments and estimated recurring expense reimbursements to be paid to us, and excluding lease value amortization. As of September 30, 2021, the U.S. government, 11 state governments and 4 other government tenants combined were responsible for approximately 29.8% of our annualized rental income. As of September 30, 2020, the U.S. government, 11 state governments and 2 other government tenants combined were responsible for approximately 35.6% of our annualized rental income. The U.S. government is our largest tenant by annualized rental income and represented approximately 19.7% and 25.2% of our annualized rental income as of September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. 
Geographic Concentration 
At September 30, 2021, our 178 wholly owned properties were located in 33 states and the District of Columbia. Properties located in Virginia, California, the District of Columbia, Illinois and Georgia were responsible for 12.2%, 11.0%, 9.6%, 9.1% and 8.0% of our annualized rental income as of September 30, 2021, respectively.
Note 6. Indebtedness
Our principal debt obligations at September 30, 2021 were: (1) $2,512,000 aggregate outstanding principal amount of senior unsecured notes; and (2) $98,604 aggregate outstanding principal amount of mortgage notes.
Our $750,000 revolving credit facility is governed by a credit agreement, or our credit agreement, with a syndicate of institutional lenders that includes a feature under which the maximum aggregate borrowing availability may be increased to up to $1,950,000 in certain circumstances. Our revolving credit facility is available for general business purposes, including acquisitions. The maturity date of our revolving credit facility is January 31, 2023 and, subject to our payment of an extension fee and meeting certain other conditions, we have the option to extend the stated maturity date of our revolving credit facility by 2 additional six month periods. We can borrow, repay and reborrow funds available under our revolving credit facility until maturity and no principal repayment is due until maturity. We are required to pay interest at a rate of LIBOR plus a premium, which was 110 basis points per annum at September 30, 2021, on the amount outstanding under our revolving credit facility, if any. We also pay a facility fee on the total amount of lending commitments under our revolving credit facility, which was 25
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OFFICE PROPERTIES INCOME TRUST
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)
basis points per annum at September 30, 2021. Both the interest rate premium and facility fee are subject to adjustment based upon changes to our credit ratings. As of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the annual interest rate payable on borrowings under our revolving credit facility was 1.2%. The weighted average annual interest rate for borrowings under our revolving credit facility was 1.2% for each of the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, and 1.2% and 2.0% for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. As of September 30, 2021 and October 27, 2021, we had no amounts outstanding under our revolving credit facility and $750,000 available for borrowing.
Our credit agreement and senior unsecured notes indentures and their supplements provide for acceleration of payment of all amounts due thereunder upon the occurrence and continuation of certain events of default, such as, in the case of our credit agreement, a change of control of us, which includes The RMR Group LLC, or RMR LLC, ceasing to act as our business and property manager. Our credit agreement and senior unsecured notes indentures and their supplements also contain covenants, including covenants that restrict our ability to incur debts, require us to comply with certain financial covenants and, in the case of our credit agreement, restrict our ability to make distributions under certain circumstances. We believe we were in compliance with the terms and conditions of the respective covenants under our credit agreement and senior unsecured notes indentures and their supplements at September 30, 2021.
Senior Unsecured Note Issuances
In May 2021, we issued $300,000 of 2.650% senior unsecured notes due 2026 in an underwritten public offering, raising net proceeds of $296,826, after deducting underwriters’ discounts and offering expenses. These notes require semi-annual payments of interest only through maturity on June 15, 2026 and may be repaid at par plus accrued and unpaid interest on or after May 15, 2026.
In August 2021, we issued $350,000 of 2.400% senior unsecured notes due 2027 in an underwritten public offering, raising net proceeds of $346,630, after deducting underwriters’ discounts and offering expenses. These notes require semi-annual payments of interest only through maturity on February 1, 2027 and may be repaid at par plus accrued and unpaid interest on or after January 1, 2027.
In September 2021, we issued $400,000 of 3.450% senior unsecured notes due 2031 in an underwritten public offering, raising net proceeds of $395,698, after deducting underwriters’ discounts and offering expenses. These notes require semi-annual payments of interest only through maturity on October 15, 2031 and may be repaid at par plus accrued and unpaid interest on or after July 15, 2031.
Senior Unsecured Note Redemptions
In June 2021, we redeemed, at par plus accrued interest, all $310,000 of our 5.875% senior unsecured notes due 2046. As a result of this redemption, we recognized a loss on early extinguishment of debt of $8,581 during the nine months ended September 30, 2021, from the write off of unamortized debt issuance costs.
In September 2021, we redeemed, at a premium plus accrued interest, all $300,000 of our 4.15% senior unsecured notes due 2022. As a result of this redemption, we recognized a loss on early extinguishment of debt of $2,274 during the nine months ended September 30, 2021, from a prepayment penalty and the write off of unamortized discounts.
Mortgage Note Repayment
In June 2021, we prepaid, at a premium plus accrued interest, a mortgage note secured by three properties with an outstanding principal balance of $71,000, an annual interest rate of 3.55% and a maturity date in May 2023. As a result of the prepayment of this mortgage note, we recognized a loss on early extinguishment of debt of $3,213 during the nine months ended September 30, 2021, from a prepayment penalty and the write off of unamortized discounts.
At September 30, 2021, 3 of our properties with an aggregate net book value of $189,298 were encumbered by mortgage notes with an aggregate principal amount of $98,604. Our mortgage notes are non-recourse, subject to certain limited exceptions and do not contain any material financial covenants.
13

OFFICE PROPERTIES INCOME TRUST
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)
Note 7. Fair Value of Assets and Liabilities
The following table presents certain of our assets measured at fair value at September 30, 2021, categorized by the level of inputs, as defined in the fair value hierarchy under GAAP, used in the valuation of each asset:
Fair Value at Reporting Date Using
DescriptionTotalQuoted Prices in Active Markets for Identical Assets (Level 1)Significant Other Observable Inputs (Level 2)Significant Unobservable Inputs (Level 3)
Non-recurring Fair Value Measurements Assets
Assets of properties held for sale (1)
$20,300 $— $— $20,300 
(1)We recorded impairment charges of $10,658 to reduce the carrying value of 3 properties that are classified as held for sale in our condensed consolidated balance sheet to their estimated fair value, less estimated costs to sell of $425, based on third party offers (Level 3 inputs as defined in the fair value hierarchy under GAAP). See Note 3 for more information.
In addition to the assets described in the table above, our financial instruments include our cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, rents receivable, accounts payable, a revolving credit facility, senior unsecured notes, mortgage notes payable, amounts due to related persons, other accrued expenses and security deposits. At September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the fair values of our financial instruments approximated their carrying values in our condensed consolidated financial statements, due to their short term nature or floating interest rates, except as follows:
 As of September 30, 2021As of December 31, 2020
Financial Instrument
Carrying Value (1)
Fair Value
Carrying Value (1)
Fair Value
Senior unsecured notes, 4.15% interest rate, due in 2022 (2)
$— $— $298,853 $306,192 
Senior unsecured notes, 4.00% interest rate, due in 2022299,270 306,717 298,579 306,756 
Senior unsecured notes, 4.25% interest rate, due in 2024344,011 371,980 342,299 365,435 
Senior unsecured notes, 4.50% interest rate, due in 2025638,507 697,460 635,921 688,399 
Senior unsecured notes, 2.650% interest rate, due in 2026 (3)
297,057 302,846 — — 
Senior unsecured notes, 2.400% interest rate, due in 2027 (4)
346,713 346,456 — — 
Senior unsecured notes, 3.450% interest rate, due in 2031 (5)
395,701 393,680 — — 
Senior unsecured notes, 5.875% interest rate, due in 2046 (6)
— — 301,264 322,028 
Senior unsecured notes, 6.375% interest rate, due in 2050156,471 180,533 156,326 171,590 
Mortgage notes payable (7)
98,460 101,351 169,729 174,952 
Total$2,576,190 $2,701,023 $2,202,971 $2,335,352 

(1)Includes unamortized debt premiums, discounts and issuance costs totaling $34,414 and $39,871 as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.
(2)These senior notes were redeemed in September 2021.
(3)These senior notes were issued in May 2021.
(4)These senior notes were issued in August 2021.
(5)These senior notes were issued in September 2021.
(6)These senior notes were redeemed in June 2021.
(7)Balance as of December 31, 2020 includes one mortgage note secured by 3 properties with an outstanding principal balance of $71,000 that was prepaid in June 2021.

We estimated the fair value of our senior unsecured notes (except for our senior unsecured notes due 2046 and 2050) using an average of the bid and ask price of the notes (Level 2 inputs as defined in the fair value hierarchy under GAAP) as of the measurement date. We estimated the fair value of our senior unsecured notes due 2046 and 2050 based on the closing price on The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC, or Nasdaq, (Level 1 inputs as defined in the fair value hierarchy under GAAP) as of the measurement date. We estimated the fair values of our mortgage notes payable using discounted cash flow analyses and currently prevailing market rates (Level 3 inputs as defined in the fair value hierarchy under GAAP) as of the measurement date. Because Level 3 inputs are unobservable, our estimated fair values may differ materially from the actual fair values.
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OFFICE PROPERTIES INCOME TRUST
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)
Note 8. Shareholders’ Equity
Share Awards
On June 17, 2021, in accordance with our Trustee compensation arrangements, we awarded to each of our 8 Trustees 3,500 of our common shares, valued at $29.88 per share, the closing price of our common shares on Nasdaq on that day.
On September 15, 2021, we awarded under our equity compensation plan an aggregate of 117,800 of our common shares, valued at $25.42 per share, the closing price of our common shares on Nasdaq on that day, to our officers and certain other employees of RMR LLC.
Share Purchases
During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, we purchased an aggregate of 25,533 and 37,542 of our common shares, respectively, valued at a weighted average share price of $25.24 and $26.55 per share, respectively, from certain of our current and former Trustees and officers and certain other current and former officers and employees of RMR LLC in satisfaction of tax withholding and payment obligations in connection with the vesting of awards of our common shares.
Distributions
During the nine months ended September 30, 2021, we declared and paid regular quarterly distributions to common shareholders as follows:
Declaration DateRecord DatePaid DateDistributions Per Common ShareTotal Distributions
January 14, 2021January 25, 2021February 18, 2021$0.55 $26,575 
April 15, 2021April 26, 2021May 20, 20210.55 26,575 
July 15, 2021July 26, 2021August 19, 20210.55 26,584 
$1.65 $79,734 
On October 14, 2021, we declared a regular quarterly distribution to common shareholders of record on October 25, 2021 of $0.55 per share, or approximately $26,600. We expect to pay this distribution on or about November 18, 2021.
Note 9. Business and Property Management Agreements with RMR LLC
We have no employees. The personnel and various services we require to operate our business are provided to us by RMR LLC. We have 2 agreements with RMR LLC to provide management services to us: (1) a business management agreement, which relates to our business generally; and (2) a property management agreement, which relates to our property level operations.
Pursuant to our business management agreement with RMR LLC, we recognized net business management fees of $(1,738) and $18,287 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively, and $4,236 and $13,237 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, respectively. The net business management fees we recognized for the three months ended September 30, 2021 include a reversal of $6,627 of previously accrued estimated business management incentive fees, which represents the amount by which the 2021 business management incentive fees as of June 30, 2021 exceeded the amount estimated as of September 30, 2021. The net business management fees for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 include $4,484 of estimated business management incentive fees. The estimated business management incentive fees as of September 30, 2021 are based on our common share total return, as defined in our business management agreement, for the measurement period ending as of that date. We did not recognize any estimated business management incentive fees for the three or nine months ended September 30, 2020. The actual amount of annual incentive fees for 2021, if any, will be based on our common share total return, as defined in our business management agreement, for the three year period ending December 31, 2021, and will be payable in January 2022. We did not incur an incentive fee payable to RMR LLC for the year ended December 31, 2020. We include business management fees in general and administrative expenses in our condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income (loss).
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OFFICE PROPERTIES INCOME TRUST
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)
We and RMR LLC amended our business management agreement effective August 1, 2021 to replace the benchmark index used in the calculation of incentive management fees. Pursuant to the amendment, for periods beginning on and after August 1, 2021, the MSCI U.S. REIT/Office REIT Index will replace the discontinued SNL U.S. REIT Office Index and be used to calculate benchmark returns per share for purposes of determining any incentive management fee payable by us to RMR LLC. For periods prior to August 1, 2021, the SNL U.S. REIT Office Index will continue to be used. Accordingly, the calculation of incentive management fees for the next three measurement periods will continue to use the SNL U.S. REIT Office Index in calculating the benchmark returns for periods through July 31, 2021. This change of index was due to S&P Global ceasing to publish the SNL U.S. REIT Office Index.

Pursuant to our property management agreement with RMR LLC, we recognized aggregate net property management and construction supervision fees of $5,519 and $15,045 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively, and $5,189 and $15,381 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, respectively. Of these amounts, for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, $4,224 and $12,239, respectively, were expensed to other operating expenses in our condensed consolidated financial statements and $1,295 and $2,806, respectively, were capitalized as building improvements in our condensed consolidated balance sheets. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, $4,302 and $12,952, respectively, were expensed to other operating expenses in our condensed consolidated financial statements and $887 and $2,429, respectively, were capitalized as building improvements in our condensed consolidated balance sheets. The amounts capitalized are being depreciated over the estimated useful lives of the related capital assets.
We are generally responsible for all of our operating expenses, including certain expenses incurred or arranged by RMR LLC on our behalf. We are generally not responsible for payment of RMR LLC’s employment, office or administrative expenses incurred to provide management services to us, except for the employment and related expenses of RMR LLC’s employees assigned to work exclusively or partly at our properties, our share of the wages, benefits and other related costs of RMR LLC’s centralized accounting personnel, our share of RMR LLC’s costs for providing our internal audit function and as otherwise agreed. Our property level operating expenses are generally incorporated into the rents charged to our tenants, including certain payroll and related costs incurred by RMR LLC. We reimbursed RMR LLC $6,131 and $18,108 for these expenses and costs for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively, and $6,437 and $18,687 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, respectively. We included these amounts in other operating expenses and general and administrative expenses, as applicable, in our condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income (loss).
Note 10. Related Person Transactions
We have relationships and historical and continuing transactions with RMR LLC, The RMR Group Inc., or RMR Inc., and others related to them, including other companies to which RMR LLC or its subsidiaries provide management services and some of which have trustees, directors or officers who are also our Trustees or officers. RMR LLC is a majority owned subsidiary of RMR Inc. The Chair of our Board of Trustees and one of our Managing Trustees, Adam Portnoy, is the sole trustee, an officer and the controlling shareholder of ABP Trust, which is the controlling shareholder of RMR Inc., a managing director and the president and chief executive officer of RMR Inc. and an officer and employee of RMR LLC. David Blackman resigned as our President and Chief Executive Officer, effective December 31, 2020, and as a Managing Trustee, effective June 17, 2021. In replacement of Mr. Blackman, Christopher J. Bilotto was appointed as our President and Chief Operating Officer, effective January 1, 2021, and Jennifer Clark was elected as a Managing Trustee on June 17, 2021. Mr. Bilotto is an officer and employee of RMR LLC, Ms. Clark is a managing director and an executive officer of RMR Inc. and an officer and employee of RMR LLC, and each of our other officers is also an officer and employee of RMR LLC. Some of our Independent Trustees also serve as independent trustees or independent directors of other public companies to which RMR LLC or its subsidiaries provide management services. Adam Portnoy serves as chair of the boards of trustees or boards of directors and as a managing director or managing trustee of those companies. Other officers of RMR LLC, including Ms. Clark, serve as managing trustees, managing directors or officers of certain of these companies.
See Note 8 for further information relating to our awards of common shares to our officers and certain other employees of RMR LLC in September 2021 and our repurchases of common shares from certain of our current and former Trustees and officers and certain other current and former officers and employees of RMR LLC in satisfaction of tax withholding and payment obligations in connection with the vesting of awards of our common shares to them. We include amounts recognized as expense for awards of our common shares to our officers and to other RMR LLC employees in general and administrative expenses in our condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income (loss).

Our Manager, RMR LLC. We have 2 agreements with RMR LLC to provide management services to us. See Note 9 for more information regarding our management agreements with RMR LLC.
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OFFICE PROPERTIES INCOME TRUST
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)
Leases with RMR LLC. We lease office space to RMR LLC in certain of our properties for RMR LLC’s property management offices. Pursuant to our lease agreements with RMR LLC, we recognized rental income from RMR LLC for leased office space of $275 and $850 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively, and $282 and $836 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, respectively.
Sonesta. In June 2021, we entered into a 30-year lease agreement with a subsidiary of Sonesta International Hotels Corporation, or Sonesta, in connection with the redevelopment of an office property we own in Washington, D.C. as a mixed use property. Sonesta’s lease is for the planned full-service hotel component of the property that will include approximately 230,000 rentable square feet, which represents approximately 54% of the total square feet upon completion of the redevelopment. The term of the lease commences upon our delivery of the completed hotel, which we estimate to occur in the first quarter of 2023. Sonesta has 2 options to extend the term for 10 years each. Pursuant to the lease agreement, Sonesta will pay us annual base rent of approximately $6,436 beginning 18 months after the lease commences. The annual base rent will increase by 10% every five years throughout the term. Sonesta is also obligated to pay its pro rata share of the operating costs for the building. We estimate that the total cost to build the hotel space will be approximately $66,000. Mr. Adam Portnoy is a director and controlling shareholder of Sonesta and Ms. Jennifer Clark is also a director of Sonesta.
For more information about these and other such relationships and certain other related person transactions, refer to our 2020 Annual Report.
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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
The following information should be read in conjunction with our condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes included in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and with our 2020 Annual Report.
OVERVIEW (dollars in thousands, except per share and per square foot data)
We are a real estate investment trust, or REIT, organized under Maryland law. As of September 30, 2021, our wholly owned properties were comprised of 178 properties and we had noncontrolling ownership interests of 51% and 50% in two unconsolidated joint ventures that own three properties containing a combined approximately 444,000 rentable square feet. As of September 30, 2021, our properties are located in 33 states and the District of Columbia and contain approximately 23,274,000 rentable square feet. As of September 30, 2021, our properties were leased to 331 different tenants with a weighted average remaining lease term (based on annualized rental income) of approximately 6.0 years. The U.S. government is our largest tenant, representing approximately 19.7% of our annualized rental income as of September 30, 2021. The term annualized rental income as used herein is defined as the annualized contractual base rents from our tenants pursuant to our lease agreements as of September 30, 2021, plus straight line rent adjustments and estimated recurring expense reimbursements to be paid to us, and excluding lease value amortization.
COVID-19 Pandemic
The COVID-19 pandemic and the various governmental and market responses intended to contain and mitigate the spread of the virus and its detrimental public health impact have had a significant impact on the global economy, including the U.S. economy. Many of the restrictions that had been imposed in the United States during the pandemic have since been lifted and commercial activity in the United States has increasingly returned to pre-pandemic practices and operations. We are continuing to closely monitor the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on all aspects of our business. To date, the COVID-19 pandemic has not had a significant impact on our business and we continue to believe that our financial resources, the characteristics of our portfolio, including the diversity of our tenant base, both geographically and by industry, and the financial strength and resources of our tenants, will enable us to withstand the COVID-19 pandemic. However, we have received requests from some of our tenants for rent assistance. As of October 26, 2021, we have granted temporary rent assistance totaling $2,483 to 18 tenants who represent approximately 3.3% of our annualized rental income as of September 30, 2021. This assistance generally entails a deferral of, in most cases, one month of rent pursuant to deferred payment plans which require the deferred rent amounts be payable over a 12-month period, all of which have commenced. As of October 26, 2021, we have collected more than 95% of our granted rent deferrals.
There remains uncertainty as to the ultimate duration and severity of the COVID-19 pandemic, including risks that may arise from mutations or related strains of the virus, the ability to successfully administer vaccinations to a sufficient number of persons or attain immunity to the virus by natural or other means to achieve herd immunity, and the impact on the U.S. economy that may result from the inability of other countries to administer vaccinations to their citizens or their citizens’ ability to otherwise achieve immunity to the virus. As a result, we are unable to determine what the ultimate impact will be on our, our tenants’ and other stakeholders’ businesses, operations, financial results and financial position. For more information and risks relating to the COVID-19 pandemic on us and our business, see Part I, Item 1, “Business—COVID-19 Pandemic” and Part I, Item 1A, “Risk Factors”, of our 2020 Annual Report.
Property Operations
Unless otherwise noted, the data presented in this section includes properties classified as held for sale as of September 30, 2021 and excludes three properties owned by two unconsolidated joint ventures in which we own 51% and 50% interests. For
18

more information regarding our properties classified as held for sale and our two unconsolidated joint ventures, see Note 3 to the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
Occupancy data for our properties as of September 30, 2021 and 2020 was as follows (square feet in thousands):
 
All Properties (1)
Comparable Properties (2)
September 30,September 30,
 2021202020212020
Total properties (3)
178184163 163 
Total rentable square feet (4)
23,274 24,909 20,729 20,720 
Percent leased (5)
89.0 %91.2 %91.2 %93.4 %

(1)Based on properties we owned on September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.
(2)Based on properties we owned continuously since January 1, 2020; excludes properties classified as held for sale and properties undergoing significant redevelopment, if any, and three properties owned by two unconsolidated joint ventures in which we own 51% and 50% interests.
(3)Includes one leasable land parcel.
(4)Subject to changes when space is remeasured or reconfigured for tenants.
(5)Percent leased includes (i) space being fitted out for tenant occupancy pursuant to our lease agreements, if any, and (ii) space which is leased, but is not occupied or is being offered for sublease by tenants, if any, as of the measurement date.
The average effective rental rate per square foot for our properties for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020 are as follows:
 Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2021202020212020
Average effective rental rate per square foot (1):
    
  All properties (2)
$28.86 $25.85 $27.12 $25.89 
  Comparable properties (3)
$27.40 $27.26 $27.37 $27.22 

(1)Average effective rental rate per square foot represents annualized total rental income during the period specified divided by the average rentable square feet leased during the period specified.
(2)Based on properties we owned on September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.
(3)Based on properties we owned continuously since July 1, 2020 and January 1, 2020, respectively, excludes properties classified as held for sale and properties undergoing significant redevelopment, if any, and three properties owned by two unconsolidated joint ventures in which we own 51% and 50% interests.
During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, changes in rentable square feet leased and available for lease at our properties were as follows (square feet in thousands): 
 Three Months Ended September 30, 2021Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021
 LeasedAvailable for LeaseTotalLeasedAvailable for LeaseTotal
Beginning of period21,553 2,538 24,091 22,705 2,184 24,889 
Changes resulting from:  
Acquisition of properties29 20 49 899 27 926 
Disposition of properties(799)(74)(873)(2,491)(74)(2,565)
Lease expirations(738)738 — (2,206)2,206 — 
Lease renewals (1)
385 (385)— 1,206 (1,206)— 
New leases (1)
274 (274)— 576 (576)— 
Remeasurements (2)
16 24 
End of period20,705 2,569 23,274 20,705 2,569 23,274 

(1)Based on leases entered during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021.
(2)Rentable square feet are subject to changes when space is remeasured or reconfigured for tenants.
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Leases at our properties totaling approximately 738,000 and 2,206,000 rentable square feet expired during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, we entered into new and renewal leases as summarized in the following tables (square feet in thousands):
Three Months Ended September 30, 2021
New LeasesRenewalsTotal
Rentable square feet leased274 385 659 
Weighted average rental rate change (by rentable square feet)(7.6 %)5.4 %(0.1 %)
Tenant leasing costs and concession commitments (1)
$27,322 $18,811 $46,133 
Tenant leasing costs and concession commitments per rentable square foot (1)
$99.81 $48.85 $70.02 
Weighted (by square feet) average lease term (years)12.9 9.6 10.9 
Total leasing costs and concession commitments per rentable square foot per year (1)
$7.74 $5.11 $6.40 
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021
New LeasesRenewalsTotal
Rentable square feet leased576 1,206 1,782 
Weighted average rental rate change (by rentable square feet)9.8 %5.3 %7.0 %
Tenant leasing costs and concession commitments (1)(2)
$98,517 $31,463 $129,980 
Tenant leasing costs and concession commitments per rentable square foot (1)(2)
$170.91 $26.10 $72.94 
Weighted (by square feet) average lease term (years)18.9 7.1 10.9 
Total leasing costs and concession commitments per rentable square foot per year (1)(2)
$9.06 $3.66 $6.68 
(1)Includes commitments made for leasing expenditures and concessions, such as tenant improvements, leasing commissions, tenant reimbursements and free rent.
(2)Includes commitments totaling approximately $66,000 in connection with the lease we entered with Sonesta in June 2021 related to the redevelopment of a property in Washington, D.C. These costs represent the estimated costs related to the planned hotel component of the property.
During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, changes in effective rental rates per square foot achieved for new leases and lease renewals at our properties that commenced during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, when compared to prior effective rental rates per square foot in effect for the same space (and excluding space acquired vacant), were as follows (square feet in thousands): 
 Three Months Ended September 30, 2021Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021
 
Old Effective Rent Per Square Foot (1)
New Effective Rent Per Square Foot (1)
Rentable Square Feet
Old Effective Rent Per Square Foot (1)
New Effective Rent Per Square Foot (1)
Rentable Square Feet
New leases$18.83 $27.43 $20.45 $25.57 109 
Lease renewals$27.99 $30.38 506 $27.11 $28.62 1,271 
Total leasing activity$27.85 $30.33 514 $26.58 $28.38 1,380 
(1)Effective rental rate includes contractual base rents from our tenants pursuant to our lease agreements, plus straight line rent adjustments and estimated expense reimbursements to be paid to us, and excludes lease value amortization.
20

During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, amounts capitalized at our properties for lease related costs, building improvements and development, redevelopment and other activities were as follows:
 Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2021202020212020
Lease related costs (1)
$17,074 $7,192 $35,259 $26,226 
Building improvements (2)
9,267 10,579 21,558 29,814 
Recurring capital expenditures26,341 17,771 56,817 56,040 
Development, redevelopment and other activities (3)
13,272 5,521 30,916 11,260 
Total capital expenditures$39,613 $23,292 $87,733 $67,300 
(1)Lease related costs generally include capital expenditures used to improve tenants’ space or amounts paid directly to tenants to improve their space and leasing related costs, such as brokerage commissions and other tenant inducements.
(2)Building improvements generally include expenditures to replace obsolete building components and expenditures that extend the useful life of existing assets.
(3)Development, redevelopment and other activities generally include capital expenditure projects that reposition a property or result in new sources of revenue.

As of September 30, 2021, we have estimated unspent leasing related obligations of $129,369, of which we expect to spend $69,248 over the next 12 months.
As of September 30, 2021, we had leases at our properties totaling approximately 2,317,000 rentable square feet that were scheduled to expire through December 31, 2022. As of October 27, 2021, we expect tenants with leases totaling approximately 758,000 rentable square feet that are scheduled to expire through December 31, 2022, to not renew their leases upon expiration and we cannot be sure as to whether other tenants will renew their leases upon expiration. As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and its economic impact, overall leasing activity has been volatile during 2021 and may remain so until office property market conditions meaningfully improve and stabilize for a sustained period. However, we remain focused on proactive dialogues with our existing tenants and overall tenant retention. Prevailing market conditions and government and other tenants’ needs at the time we negotiate and enter leases or lease renewals will generally determine rental rates and demand for leased space at our properties, and market conditions and our tenants’ needs are beyond our control. Whenever we renew or enter into new leases for our properties, we intend to seek rents which are equal to or higher than our historical rents for the same properties; however, our ability to maintain or increase the rents for our current properties will depend in large part upon market conditions, which are beyond our control. We cannot be sure of the rental rates which will result from our ongoing negotiations regarding lease renewals or any new or renewed leases we may enter; also, we may experience material declines in our rental income due to vacancies upon lease expirations or early terminations. Additionally, we may incur significant costs to renew our leases with current tenants or lease our properties to new tenants.
21

As of September 30, 2021, our lease expirations by year are as follows (square feet in thousands):
Year (1)
Number of Leases Expiring
Leased
Square Feet Expiring (2)
Percent of TotalCumulative Percent of TotalAnnualized Rental Income ExpiringPercent of TotalCumulative Percent of Total
202125 487 2.4 %2.4 %$16,114 2.8 %2.8 %
202272 1,830 8.8 %11.2 %51,980 8.9 %11.7 %
202367 2,430 11.7 %22.9 %78,580 13.5 %25.2 %
202458 3,209 15.5 %38.4 %83,908 14.4 %39.6 %
202550 2,128 10.3 %48.7 %46,006 7.9 %47.5 %
202639 1,853 8.9 %57.6 %48,876 8.4 %55.9 %
202733 1,920 9.3 %66.9 %49,987 8.6 %64.5 %
202815 1,254 6.1 %73.0 %46,543 8.0 %72.5 %
202919 970 4.7 %77.7 %27,403 4.7 %77.2 %
2030 and thereafter55 4,624 22.3 %100.0 %133,615 22.8 %100.0 %
Total433 20,705 100.0 % $583,012 100.0 % 
Weighted average remaining lease term (in years)5.9  6.0  

(1)The year of lease expiration is pursuant to current contract terms. Some of our leases allow the tenants to vacate the leased premises before the stated expirations of their leases with little or no liability. As of September 30, 2021, tenants occupying approximately 5.6% of our rentable square feet and responsible for approximately 5.5% of our annualized rental income as of September 30, 2021 currently have exercisable rights to terminate their leases before the stated terms of their leases expire. Also, in 2021, 2022, 2023, 2024, 2025, 2026, 2027, 2028, 2029, 2035 and 2040, early termination rights become exercisable by other tenants who currently occupy an additional approximately 0.5%, 1.7%, 2.8%, 1.2%, 3.9%, 1.1%, 0.8%, 1.2%, 0.5%, 0.3%, and 0.3% of our rentable square feet, respectively, and contribute an additional approximately 0.6%, 2.0%, 3.9%, 1.7%, 7.0%, 1.4%, 1.3%, 1.3%, 0.9%, 0.4%, and 0.3% of our annualized rental income, respectively, as of September 30, 2021. In addition, as of September 30, 2021, pursuant to leases with 14 of our tenants, these tenants have rights to terminate their leases if their respective legislature or other funding authority does not appropriate rent amounts in their respective annual budgets. These 14 tenants occupy approximately 6.0% of our rentable square feet and contribute approximately 6.6% of our annualized rental income as of September 30, 2021.
(2)Leased square feet is pursuant to leases existing as of September 30, 2021, and includes (i) space being fitted out for tenant occupancy pursuant to our lease agreements, if any, and (ii) space which is leased, but is not occupied or is being offered for sublease by tenants, if any. Square feet measurements are subject to changes when space is remeasured or reconfigured for new tenants.
We generally will seek to renew or extend the terms of leases in our single tenant properties when they expire. Because of the capital many of the tenants in these properties have invested in the properties and because many of these properties appear to be of strategic importance to the tenants’ businesses, we believe that it is likely that these tenants will renew or extend their leases prior to when they expire. If we are unable to extend or renew our leases, it may be time consuming and expensive to relet some of these properties.
We believe that recent government budgetary and spending priorities and enhancements in technology have resulted in a decrease in government office use for employees. Furthermore, over the past several years, government tenants have reduced their space utilization per employee and consolidated government tenants into existing government owned properties. This activity has reduced the demand for government leased space. Our historical experience with respect to properties of the type we own that are majority leased to government tenants has been that government tenants frequently renew leases to avoid the costs and disruptions that may result from relocating their operations. However, efforts to manage space utilization rates may result in our tenants exercising early termination rights under our leases, vacating our properties upon expiration of our leases in order to relocate, or renewing their leases for less space than they currently occupy. Also, our government tenants’ desire to reconfigure leased office space to manage utilization per employee may require us to spend significant amounts for tenant improvements, and tenant relocations are often more prevalent in those circumstances. Increasing uncertainty with respect to government agency budgets and funding to implement relocations, consolidations and reconfigurations has resulted in delayed decisions by some of our government tenants and their reliance on short term lease renewals; however, activity prior to the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic suggested that the U.S. government had begun to shift its leasing strategy to include longer term leases and was actively exploring 10 to 20 year lease terms at renewal, in some instances. It is also possible that as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, government tenants may seek to manage space utilization rates in order to provide greater physical distancing for employees, mostly through lease renewals, which may require us to spend significant amounts for tenant improvements. However, the COVID-19 pandemic and its aftermath have had negative impacts on government budgets and resources, although there are indications that to date, certain of those impacts may not have been as negative as originally expected, and it is unclear what the effect of these impacts will be on government demand for leasing office space. In addition, the new presidential administration may result in a change in the federal government’s policy priorities, which may impact
22

leasing at our government leased properties. Given the significant uncertainties, including as to the COVID-19 pandemic, its economic impact and its aftermath and the new presidential administration, we are unable to reasonably project what the financial impact of market conditions or changing government circumstances will be on our financial results for future periods.
As of September 30, 2021, we derive 21.5% of our annualized rental income from our properties located in the metropolitan Washington, D.C. market area, which includes Washington, D.C., Northern Virginia and suburban Maryland. A downturn in economic conditions in this area, including as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, could result in reduced demand from tenants for our properties or reduce the rents that our tenants in this area are willing to pay when our leases expire or terminate and when renewal or new terms are negotiated. Additionally, in recent years there has been a decrease in demand for new leased office space by the U.S. government in the metropolitan Washington, D.C. market area, and that could increase competition for government tenants and adversely affect our ability to retain government tenants when our leases expire.
Our manager, RMR LLC, employs a tenant review process for us. RMR LLC assesses tenants on an individual basis based on various applicable credit criteria. In general, depending on facts and circumstances, RMR LLC evaluates the creditworthiness of a tenant based on information concerning the tenant that is provided by the tenant and, in some cases, information that is publicly available or obtained from third party sources. RMR LLC also often uses a third party service to monitor the credit ratings, both actual and implied, of our existing tenants. We consider investment grade tenants to include: (a) investment grade rated tenants; (b) tenants with investment grade rated parent entities that guarantee the tenant’s lease obligations; and/or (c) tenants with investment grade rated parent entities that do not guarantee the tenant’s lease obligations. As of September 30, 2021, tenants contributing 52.3% of annualized rental income were investment grade rated (or their payment obligations were guaranteed by an investment grade rated parent) and tenants contributing an additional 10.2% of annualized rental income were subsidiaries of an investment grade rated parent (although these parent entities were not liable for the payment of rents).
23

As of September 30, 2021, tenants representing 1% or more of our total annualized rental income were as follows:
TenantCredit RatingSq. Ft.% of Leased Sq. Ft.Annualized Rental Income% of Total Annualized Rental Income
U.S. GovernmentInvestment Grade4,196 20.3 %$115,035 19.7 %
Alphabet Inc (Google)Investment Grade386 1.9 %20,924 3.6 %
State of CaliforniaInvestment Grade651 3.1 %19,381 3.3 %
Shook, Hardy & Bacon L.L.P.Not Rated596 2.9 %19,187 3.3 %
Bank of America CorporationInvestment Grade577 2.8 %15,803 2.7 %
IG Investments Holdings LLCNon Investment Grade333 1.6 %14,553 2.5 %
F5 Networks, Inc.Not Rated299 1.4 %13,027 2.2 %
Commonwealth of MassachusettsInvestment Grade311 1.5 %12,260 2.1 %
CareFirst Inc.Not Rated207 1.0 %11,870 2.0 %
10 Northrop Grumman CorporationInvestment Grade337 1.6 %11,350 1.9 %
11 Tyson Foods, Inc.Investment Grade248 1.2 %11,198 1.9 %
12 
Sonesta International Hotels Corporation (1)
Not Rated230 1.1 %10,745 1.8 %
13 CommScope Holding Company IncNon Investment Grade228 1.1 %8,921 1.5 %
14 Micro Focus International plcNon Investment Grade242 1.2 %7,431 1.3 %
15 State of GeorgiaInvestment Grade308 1.5 %7,248 1.2 %
16 PNC BankInvestment Grade441 2.1 %6,924 1.2 %
17 ServiceNow, Inc.Investment Grade149 0.7 %6,623 1.1 %
18 Compass Group plcInvestment Grade267 1.3 %6,496 1.1 %
19 Allstate Insurance Co.Investment Grade468 2.3 %6,475 1.1 %
20 Automatic Data Processing, Inc.Investment Grade289 1.4 %6,037 1.0 %
21 Church & Dwight Co., Inc.Investment Grade250 1.2 %6,031 1.0 %
Total11,013 53.2 %$337,519 57.5 %
(1)In June 2021, we entered into a 30-year lease with Sonesta. The lease relates to the redevelopment of a property we own in Washington, D.C to a mixed use and Sonesta's lease relates to the planned hotel component of the property. The term of the lease commences upon our delivery of the completed hotel, which is estimated to occur in the first quarter of 2023. For more information about our lease with Sonesta, see Note 10 to the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part I, Item I of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
Acquisition Activities
During the nine months ended September 30, 2021, we acquired three properties containing a combined approximately 926,000 rentable square feet for an aggregate purchase price of $576,975, excluding purchase price adjustments and acquisition related costs.
For more information about our acquisition activities, see Note 3 to the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
24

Disposition Activities
During the nine months ended September 30, 2021, we sold six properties and a warehouse facility adjacent to a property we own containing a combined approximately 2,565,000 rentable square feet for an aggregate sales price of $198,415, excluding closing costs.
In October 2021, we sold two vacant land parcels adjacent to properties we own located in Sterling, VA for a sales price of $28,500, excluding closing costs.
As of October 27, 2021, we have also entered into an agreement to sell five properties located in Brookhaven, GA for a sales price of $56,000, excluding closing costs. Also, we are currently marketing for sale 17 properties containing approximately 2,161,000 rentable square feet that we expect to generate approximately $200,000 of gross proceeds. We expect to substantially complete these dispositions by mid-year 2022. We cannot be sure we will sell any properties we are marketing for prices in excess of their carrying values or otherwise. In addition, our pending sale is subject to conditions; accordingly, we cannot be sure that we will complete this sale or that this sale will not be delayed or the terms will not change.
For more information about our disposition activities, see Note 3 to the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
Financing Activities
Senior Unsecured Note Issuances
In May 2021, we issued $300,000 of 2.650% senior unsecured notes due 2026 in an underwritten public offering, raising net proceeds of $296,826, after deducting underwriters' discounts and offering expenses, which we used to redeem all $310,000 of our 5.875% senior unsecured notes due 2046.
In August 2021, we issued $350,000 of 2.400% senior unsecured notes due 2027 in an underwritten public offering, raising net proceeds of $346,630, after deducting underwriters' discounts and offering expenses, which we used to redeem all $300,000 of our 4.15% senior unsecured notes due 2022.
In September 2021, we issued $400,000 of 3.450% senior unsecured notes due 2031 in an underwritten public offering, raising net proceeds of $395,698, after deducting underwriters' discounts and offering expenses, which we used to repay amounts outstanding under our revolving credit facility.
Senior Unsecured Note Redemptions
In June 2021, we redeemed, at par plus accrued interest, all $310,000 of our 5.875% senior unsecured notes due 2046 using cash on hand and the net proceeds from the issuance of our 2.650% senior unsecured notes due 2026.
In September 2021, we redeemed, at a premium plus accrued interest, all $300,000 of our 4.15% senior unsecured notes due 2022 using a portion of the net proceeds from the issuance of our 2.400% senior unsecured notes due 2027.
Mortgage Note Repayment
In June 2021, we prepaid, at a premium plus accrued interest, a mortgage note secured by three properties with an outstanding principal balance of $71,000, an annual interest rate of 3.55% and a maturity date in May 2023 using cash on hand and borrowings under our revolving credit facility.
Segment Information
We operate in one business segment: ownership of real estate properties.
25

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS (amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)
 
Three Months Ended September 30, 2021, Compared to Three Months Ended September 30, 2020
 
Comparable Properties (1) Results
 Three Months Ended September 30,
Non-Comparable 
Properties Results
Three Months Ended September 30,
Consolidated Results
Three Months Ended September 30,
 20212020$ Change% Change2021202020212020$ Change% Change
Rental income$128,995 $130,319 $(1,324)(1.0 %)$18,577 $15,487 $147,572 $145,806 $1,766 1.2 %
Operating expenses:          
Real estate taxes13,730 14,273 (543)(3.8 %)6,337 1,840 20,067 16,113 3,954 24.5 %
Utility expenses6,547 6,639 (92)(1.4 %)842 925 7,389 7,564 (175)(2.3 %)
Other operating expenses23,470 23,933 (463)(1.9 %)3,067 2,433 26,537 26,366 171 0.6 %
Total operating expenses43,747 44,845 (1,098)(2.4 %)10,246 5,198 53,993 50,043 3,950 7.9 %
Net operating income (2)
$85,248 $85,474 $(226)(0.3 %)$8,331 $10,289 93,579 95,763 (2,184)(2.3 %)
Other expenses:          
Depreciation and amortization59,533 62,227 (2,694)(4.3 %)
Loss on impairment of real estate(3)2,954 (2,957)(100.1 %)
General and administrative448 7,059 (6,611)(93.7 %)
Total other expenses59,978 72,240 (12,262)(17.0 %)
Gain on sale of real restate36 — 36 n/m
Interest and other income— (2)(100.0 %)
Interest expense(26,929)(27,097)168 (0.6 %)
Loss on early extinguishment of debt(2,274)— (2,274)n/m
Income (loss) before income tax (expense) benefit and equity in net losses of investees4,434 (3,572)8,006 n/m
Income tax (expense) benefit(34)54 (88)(163.0 %)
Equity in net losses of investees(688)(279)(409)146.6 %
Net income (loss)$3,712 $(3,797)$7,509 (197.8 %)
Weighted average common shares outstanding (basic)48,211 48,132 79 0.2 %
Weighted average common shares outstanding (diluted)48,244 48,132 112 0.2 %
Per common share amounts (basic and diluted):    
Net income (loss)$0.08 $(0.08)$0.16 (200.0 %)

n/m - not meaningful
(1)Comparable properties consists of 164 properties we owned on September 30, 2021 and which we owned continuously since July 1, 2020 and excludes properties classified as held for sale and properties undergoing significant redevelopment, if any, and three properties owned by two unconsolidated joint ventures in which we own 51% and 50% interests.
(2)Our definition of net operating income, or NOI, and our reconciliation of net income (loss) to NOI are included below under the heading “Non-GAAP Financial Measures.”
References to changes in the income and expense categories below relate to the comparison of consolidated results for the three months ended September 30, 2021, compared to the three months ended September 30, 2020.
26

Rental income. The increase in rental income reflects an increase in rental income of $14,477 related to acquired properties, offset by decreases in rental income of $7,158 as a result of property disposition activities, $4,229 for properties undergoing significant redevelopment and $1,324 related to comparable properties. The decrease in rental income for properties undergoing significant redevelopment is primarily due to the reduction in occupied space at a property located in Washington, D.C. that began a redevelopment project during 2021. The decrease in rental income for comparable properties is primarily due to reductions in occupied space at certain of our properties in the 2021 period. Rental income includes non-cash straight line rent adjustments totaling $3,924 in the 2021 period and $3,912 in the 2020 period, and amortization of acquired real estate leases and assumed real estate lease obligations totaling $(447) in the 2021 period and $(1,312) in the 2020 period.
Real estate taxes. The increase in real estate taxes primarily reflects an increase in real estate taxes of $5,844 related to acquired properties, offset by decreases of $932 related to property disposition activities, $543 for comparable properties and $415 for properties undergoing significant redevelopment. Real estate taxes for comparable properties decreased primarily due to decreases in assessed values and refunds received in the 2021 period at certain of our properties as a result of successful real estate tax appeals.
Utility expenses. The decrease in utility expenses reflects decreases in utility expenses of $155 for properties undergoing significant redevelopment, $151 related to property disposition activities and $92 for comparable properties, offset by an increase in utility expenses of $223 for acquired properties. The decrease in utility expenses for comparable properties is primarily due to a decrease in electricity and water usage as a result of reductions in occupied space at certain of our properties in the 2021 period, partially offset by an increase related to utility expenses in the 2021 period previously paid directly by one of our tenants that are now being paid by us pursuant to a lease amendment with that tenant effective in January 2021.
Other operating expenses. Other operating expenses consist of salaries and benefit costs of property level personnel, repairs and maintenance expense, cleaning expense, other direct costs of operating our properties and property management fees. The increase in other operating expenses primarily reflects an increase of $1,910 for acquired properties, offset by decreases of $841 related to property disposition activities, $463 for comparable properties and $435 for properties undergoing significant redevelopment. The decrease in other operating expenses for comparable properties is primarily due to a decrease in repairs and maintenance expenses at certain of our properties in the 2021 period.
Depreciation and amortization. The decrease in depreciation and amortization primarily reflects decreases of $4,868 for comparable properties and $4,817 related to property disposition activities, offset by an increase of $6,991 for acquired properties. Depreciation and amortization for comparable properties declined due to certain leasing related assets becoming fully depreciated after July 1, 2020.
Loss on impairment of real estate. We recorded a $2,954 loss on impairment of real estate in the 2020 period to reduce the carrying value of four properties to their estimated fair values less costs to sell.
General and administrative. General and administrative expenses consist of fees pursuant to our business management agreement, equity compensation expense, legal and accounting fees, Trustees’ fees and expenses, securities listing and transfer agency fees and other costs relating to our status as a publicly traded company. The decrease in general and administrative expenses is primarily the result of the reversal of $6,627 of previously accrued estimated business management incentive fees in the 2021 period and the expiration of an office lease in January 2021 for which we were the lessee, partially offset by an increase in base business management fees resulting from an increase in average total market capitalization in the 2021 period compared to the 2020 period.
Gain on sale of real estate. Gain on sale of real estate for the 2021 period represents a net gain on the sale of three properties.
Interest and other income. Interest and other income reflects interest earned, if any, on cash balances invested.
Interest expense. The decrease in interest expense is primarily due to lower weighted average interest expense incurred on balances outstanding in the 2021 period as a result of financing activities since July 1, 2020, which included the aggregate redemption or repayment of debt totaling $720,635 with a weighted average interest rate of 4.8% and the aggregate issuance of $1,312,000 of senior unsecured notes with a weighted average interest rate of 3.2%, partially offset by higher interest expense incurred as a result of a higher average outstanding balance under our revolving credit facility during the 2021 period compared to the 2020 period.
Loss on early extinguishment of debt. We recorded a loss on early extinguishment of debt of $2,274 in the 2021 period from prepayment fees incurred and the write off of unamortized discounts associated with the prepayment of our senior unsecured notes due 2022.
27

Income tax (expense) benefit. Income tax (expense) benefit is primarily the result of operating income or losses in jurisdictions where we are subject to state income taxes.
Equity in net losses of investees. Equity in net losses of investees represents our proportionate share of losses from our investments in two unconsolidated joint ventures.
Net income (loss). The change in net income (loss) and net income (loss) per basic and diluted common share from 2020 to 2021 is primarily a result of the changes noted above.
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS (amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)
 
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021, Compared to Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020
 
Comparable Properties (1) Results
Nine Months Ended September 30,
Non-Comparable 
Properties Results
Nine Months Ended September 30,
Consolidated Results
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 20212020$ Change% Change2021202020212020$ Change% Change
Rental income$388,517 $391,233 $(2,716)(0.7 %)$40,678 $50,061 $429,195 $441,294 $(12,099)(2.7 %)
Operating expenses:          
Real estate taxes42,584 42,616 (32)(0.1 %)9,549 6,085 52,133 48,701 3,432 7.0 %
Utility expenses17,182 17,338 (156)(0.9 %)1,949 2,439 19,131 19,777 (646)(3.3 %)
Other operating expenses69,751 69,551 200 0.3 %7,123 8,482 76,874 78,033 (1,159)(1.5 %)
Total operating expenses129,517 129,505 12 — %18,621 17,006 148,138 146,511 1,627 1.1 %
NOI (2)
$259,000 $261,728 $(2,728)(1.0 %)$22,057 $33,055 281,057 294,783 (13,726)(4.7 %)
Other expenses:          
Depreciation and amortization178,991 189,340 (10,349)(5.5 %)
Loss on impairment of real estate55,854 2,954 52,900 n/m
General and administrative24,690 21,372 3,318 15.5 %
Total other expenses259,535 213,666 45,869 21.5 %
Gain on sale of real estate54,154 10,822 43,332 n/m
Interest and other income738 (731)(99.1 %)
Interest expense(84,728)(79,461)(5,267)6.6 %
Loss on early extinguishment of debt(14,068)(3,839)(10,229)n/m
Income (loss) before income tax expense and equity in net losses of investees(23,113)9,377 (32,490)n/m
Income tax expense(348)(220)(128)58.2 %
Equity in net losses of investees(1,664)(815)(849)104.2 %
Net income (loss)$(25,125)$8,342 $(33,467)n/m
Weighted average common shares outstanding (basic and diluted)48,179 48,111 68 0.1 %
Per common share amounts (basic and diluted):    
Net income (loss)$(0.52)$0.17 $(0.69)n/m

n/m - not meaningful
(1)Comparable properties consists of 163 properties we owned on September 30, 2021 and which we owned continuously since January 1, 2020 and excludes properties classified as held for sale and properties undergoing significant redevelopment, if any, and three properties owned by two unconsolidated joint ventures in which we own 51% and 50% interests.
(2)Our definition of NOI and our reconciliation of net income (loss) to NOI are included below under the heading “Non-GAAP Financial Measures.”
References to changes in the income and expense categories below relate to the comparison of consolidated results for the nine months ended September 30, 2021, compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2020.
Rental income. The decrease in rental income reflects decreases in rental income of $17,798 related to property disposition activities, $8,472 for properties undergoing significant redevelopment and $2,716 for comparable properties, offset by an
28

increase in rental income of $16,887 for acquired properties. The decrease in rental income for properties undergoing significant redevelopment is primarily due to the reduction in occupied space at a property located in Washington, D.C. that began a redevelopment project during the 2021 period. The decrease in rental income for comparable properties is primarily due to reductions in occupied space at certain of our properties in the 2021 period. Rental income includes non-cash straight line rent adjustments totaling $13,128 in the 2021 period and $12,963 in the 2020 period, and amortization of acquired real estate leases and assumed real estate lease obligations totaling $(1,836) in the 2021 period and $(4,149) in the 2020 period.
Real estate taxes. The increase in real estate taxes primarily reflects an increase in real estate taxes of $5,992 for acquired properties, offset by decreases in real estate taxes of $1,478 related to property disposition activities, $1,050 for properties undergoing significant redevelopment and $32 for comparable properties.
Utility expenses. The decrease in utility expenses reflects decreases in utility expenses of $439 related to property disposition activities, $290 for properties undergoing significant redevelopment and $156 for comparable properties, offset by an increase in utility expenses of $239 for acquired properties. Utility expenses for comparable properties declined primarily due to a decrease in electricity and water usage resulting from cost savings initiatives implemented by our manager, RMR LLC, in response to decreased space utilization at our properties as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and reductions in occupied space at certain of our properties in the 2021 period, partially offset by an increase related to utility expenses in the 2021 period previously paid directly by one of our tenants that are now being paid by us pursuant to a lease amendment with that tenant effective in January 2021.
Other operating expenses. The decrease in other operating expenses primarily reflects decreases in other operating expenses of $2,557 related to property disposition activities and $885 for properties undergoing significant redevelopment, offset by increases in other operating expenses of $2,083 for acquired properties and $200 for comparable properties.
Depreciation and amortization. The decrease in depreciation and amortization primarily reflects decreases of $11,359 for comparable properties and $7,187 related to property disposition activities, offset by increases of $8,158 for acquired properties and $39 for properties undergoing significant redevelopment. Depreciation and amortization for comparable properties decreased due to certain leasing related assets becoming fully depreciated after January 1, 2020.
Loss on impairment of real estate. We recorded a $55,854 loss on impairment of real estate in the 2021 period to reduce the carrying value of six properties to their estimated fair values less costs to sell, which includes $45,196 related to three properties containing approximately 2,001 rentable square feet that were sold during the nine months ended September 30, 2021, as well as $10,658 related to three properties containing approximately 448 rentable square feet that were classified as held for sale as of September 30, 2021. We recorded a $2,954 loss on impairment of real estate in the 2020 period to reduce the carrying value of four properties to their estimated fair values less costs to sell.
General and administrative. The increase in general and administrative expenses is primarily the result of $4,484 of estimated business management incentive fees recorded in the 2021 period and an increase in base business management fees resulting from an increase in average total market capitalization in the 2021 period compared to the 2020 period, partially offset by the expiration of an office lease in January 2021 for which we were the lessee and lower accounting and legal costs.
Gain on sale of real estate. We recorded a $54,154 net gain on sale of real estate resulting from the sale of four properties and a warehouse facility adjacent to a property we own during the 2021 period. We recorded a $10,822 net gain on sale of real estate resulting from the sale of six properties during the 2020 period.
Interest and other income. The decrease in interest and other income is primarily due to a settlement payment we received in the 2020 period resulting from a dispute with a vendor, the June 2020 payoff of a mortgage note receivable in connection with a property we sold in 2016 and the effect of lower returns on cash invested in the 2021 period compared to the 2020 period.
Interest expense. The increase in interest expense is primarily due to higher average outstanding debt balances in the 2021 period resulting from the aggregate issuance of $1,462,000 of senior unsecured notes with a weighted average interest rate of 3.5% since January 1, 2020, partially offset by the aggregate redemption or repayment of debt totaling $833,187 with a weighted average interest rate of 4.8% since January 1, 2020 and lower interest expense incurred as a result of having a lower average balance outstanding under our revolving credit facility during the 2021 period compared to the 2020 period and lower average interest rates on amounts outstanding.
Loss on early extinguishment of debt. We recorded a loss on early extinguishment of debt of $14,068 in the 2021 period from prepayment fees incurred and the write off of unamortized discounts and debt issuance costs associated with the prepayment of one mortgage note and the redemption of our senior unsecured notes due 2022 and 2046. In the 2020 period, we
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recorded a loss on early extinguishment of debt of $3,839 from prepayment fees incurred, the write off of unamortized discounts, premiums and debt issuance costs associated with the prepayment of three mortgage notes and a loss on the settlement of a mortgage note receivable related to a property sold in 2016.
Income tax expense. Income tax expense primarily reflects operating income earned in jurisdictions where we are subject to state income taxes.
Equity in net losses of investees. Equity in net losses of investees represents our proportionate share of losses from our investments in two unconsolidated joint ventures.
Net income (loss). Our net income (loss) and net income (loss) per basic and diluted common share decreased in the 2021 period compared to the 2020 period primarily as a result of the changes noted above.
Non-GAAP Financial Measures
We present certain “non-GAAP financial measures” within the meaning of the applicable rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC, including the calculations below of NOI, funds from operations, or FFO, and normalized funds from operations, or Normalized FFO. These measures do not represent cash generated by operating activities in accordance with GAAP and should not be considered alternatives to net income (loss) as indicators of our operating performance or as measures of our liquidity. These measures should be considered in conjunction with net income (loss) as presented in our condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income (loss). We consider these non-GAAP measures to be appropriate supplemental measures of operating performance for a REIT, along with net income (loss). We believe these measures provide useful information to investors because by excluding the effects of certain historical amounts, such as depreciation and amortization expense, they may facilitate a comparison of our operating performance between periods and with other REITs and, in the case of NOI, reflecting only those income and expense items that are generated and incurred at the property level may help both investors and management to understand the operations of our properties.
Net Operating Income
The calculation of NOI excludes certain components of net income (loss) in order to provide results that are more closely related to our property level results of operations. We calculate NOI as shown below. We define NOI as income from our rental of real estate less our property operating expenses. NOI excludes amortization of capitalized tenant improvement costs and leasing commissions that we record as depreciation and amortization expense. We use NOI to evaluate individual and company-wide property level performance. Other real estate companies and REITs may calculate NOI differently than we do.
The following table presents the reconciliation of net income (loss) to NOI for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020.
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2021202020212020
Net income (loss)$3,712 $(3,797)$(25,125)$8,342 
Equity in net losses of investees688 279 1,664 815 
Income tax expense (benefit)34 (54)348 220 
Income (loss) before income tax expense (benefit) and equity in net losses of investees4,434 (3,572)(23,113)9,377 
Loss on early extinguishment of debt2,274 — 14,068 3,839 
Interest expense26,929 27,097 84,728 79,461 
Interest and other income— (2)(7)(738)
Gain on sale of real estate(36)— (54,154)(10,822)
General and administrative448 7,059 24,690 21,372 
Loss on impairment of real estate(3)2,954 55,854 2,954 
Depreciation and amortization59,533 62,227 178,991 189,340 
NOI$93,579 $95,763 $281,057 $294,783 
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Funds From Operations and Normalized Funds From Operations
We calculate FFO and Normalized FFO as shown below. FFO is calculated on the basis defined by The National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts, which is net income (loss), calculated in accordance with GAAP, plus real estate depreciation and amortization of consolidated properties and our proportionate share of the real estate depreciation and amortization of unconsolidated joint venture properties, but excluding impairment charges on real estate assets and any gain or loss on sale of real estate, as well as certain other adjustments currently not applicable to us. In calculating Normalized FFO, we adjust for the other items shown below and include business management incentive fees, if any, only in the fourth quarter versus the quarter when they are recognized as an expense in accordance with GAAP due to their quarterly volatility not necessarily being indicative of our core operating performance and the uncertainty as to whether any such business management incentive fees will be payable when all contingencies for determining such fees are known at the end of the calendar year. FFO and Normalized FFO are among the factors considered by our Board of Trustees when determining the amount of distributions to our shareholders. Other factors include, but are not limited to, requirements to maintain our qualification for taxation as a REIT, limitations in our credit agreement and public debt covenants, the availability to us of debt and equity capital, our expectation of our future capital requirements and operating performance and our expected needs for and availability of cash to pay our obligations. Other real estate companies and REITs may calculate FFO and Normalized FFO differently than we do.
The following table presents the reconciliation of net income (loss) to FFO and Normalized FFO for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020.
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2021202020212020
Net income (loss)$3,712 $(3,797)$(25,125)$8,342 
Add (less): Depreciation and amortization:
Consolidated properties59,533 62,227 178,991 189,340 
Unconsolidated joint venture properties745 1,244 2,674 3,722 
Loss on impairment of real estate(3)2,954 55,854 2,954 
Gain on sale of real estate(36)— (54,154)(10,822)
FFO63,951 62,628 158,240 193,536 
Add (less): Loss on early extinguishment of debt2,274 — 14,068 3,839 
Estimated business management incentive fees(6,627)— 4,484 — 
Normalized FFO$59,598 $62,628 $176,792 $197,375 
Weighted average common shares outstanding (basic)48,211 48,132 48,179 48,111 
Weighted average common shares outstanding (diluted)48,244 48,132 48,179 48,111 
FFO per common share (basic and diluted)$1.33 $1.30 $3.28 $4.02 
Normalized FFO per common share (basic and diluted)$1.24 $1.30 $3.67 $4.10 
LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
Our Operating Liquidity and Resources (dollar amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)
Our principal sources of funds to meet operating and capital expenses, pay debt service obligations and make distributions to our shareholders are the operating cash flows we generate from our properties, net proceeds from property sales and borrowings under our revolving credit facility. We believe that these sources of funds will be sufficient to meet our operating and capital expenses, pay debt service obligations and make distributions to our shareholders for the next 12 months and for the foreseeable future thereafter. Our future cash flows from operating activities will depend primarily upon:
our ability to collect rent from our tenants;
our ability to maintain or increase the occupancy of, and the rental rates at, our properties;
our ability to control operating and capital expenses at our properties;
our ability to successfully sell properties that we market for sale;
our ability to develop or redevelop properties to produce cash flows in excess of our cost of capital; and
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our ability to purchase additional properties which produce cash flows from operations in excess of our cost of acquisition capital and property operating and capital expenses.
On October 14, 2021, we announced a regular quarterly cash distribution of $0.55 per common share ($2.20 per common share per year). We determine our distribution payout ratio with consideration for our expected capital expenditures as well as cash flows from operations and debt obligations.
We expect to accretively grow our property portfolio through our capital recycling program, pursuant to which we plan to sell certain properties from time to time to fund future acquisitions and to maintain leverage consistent with our current investment grade ratings with a goal of (1) improving the asset quality of our portfolio by reducing the average age of our properties, lengthening the weighted average term of our leases and increasing the likelihood of retaining our tenants and (2) increasing our cash available for distribution. During the nine months ended September 30, 2021, we acquired three properties for an aggregate purchase price of $576,975, excluding purchase price adjustments and acquisition related costs, and we sold six properties and a warehouse facility adjacent to a property we own for an aggregate sales price of $198,415, excluding closing costs. In October 2021, we sold two vacant land parcels adjacent to properties we own located in Sterling, VA for a sales price of $28,500, excluding closing costs. As of October 27, 2021, we have also entered into an agreement to sell five properties located in Brookhaven, GA for a sales price of $56,000, excluding closing costs. In addition, we are currently marketing for sale 17 properties containing approximately 2,161,000 rentable square feet that we expect to generate approximately $200,000 of gross proceeds. We expect to substantially complete these dispositions by mid-year 2022. Given the current economic conditions, we continue to carefully consider our capital allocation strategy and believe we are well positioned to opportunistically recycle and deploy capital.
Our future purchases of properties cannot be accurately projected because such purchases depend upon purchase opportunities which come to our attention and our ability to successfully complete the acquisitions. We generally do not intend to purchase “turn around” properties, or properties which do not generate positive cash flows.
The following is a summary of our sources and uses of cash flows for the periods presented, as reflected in our condensed consolidated statements of cash flows:
Nine Months Ended September 30,
20212020
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period$56,855 $100,696 
Net cash provided by (used in):
Operating activities158,682 166,098 
Investing activities(435,698)18,104 
Financing activities276,181 (227,259)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period$56,020 $57,639 
The decrease in cash provided by operating activities for the 2021 period compared to the 2020 period was primarily a result of a decline in NOI as a result of property sales in the 2021 period compared to the 2020 period. The increase in cash used in investing activities in the 2021 period compared to the 2020 period is primarily due to higher acquisition activity in the 2021 period compared to the 2020 period, partially offset by higher cash proceeds from our sales of properties. The increase in cash provided by financing activities in the 2021 period compared to the 2020 period is primarily due to the aggregate issuance of $1,050,000 of senior unsecured notes in the 2021 period compared to $412,000 of such issuances in the 2020 period, partially offset by higher debt repayment activity in the 2021 period, which included the aggregate redemption of $610,000 of senior unsecured notes and the repayment of $71,000 of mortgage debt.
Our Investment and Financing Liquidity and Resources (dollar amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)
In order to fund acquisitions and to meet cash needs that may result from our desire or need to make distributions or pay operating or capital expenses, we maintain a $750,000 revolving credit facility. The maturity date of our revolving credit facility is January 31, 2023 and, subject to our payment of an extension fee and meeting certain other conditions, we have the option to extend the stated maturity date of our revolving credit facility by two additional six month periods. We can borrow, repay and reborrow funds available under our revolving credit facility until maturity, and no principal repayment is due until maturity. We are required to pay interest at a rate of LIBOR plus a premium, which was 110 basis points per annum at September 30, 2021, on the amount outstanding under our revolving credit facility, if any. We also pay a facility fee on the total amount of lending commitments under our revolving credit facility, which was 25 basis points per annum at September 30,
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2021. Both the interest rate premium and facility fee are subject to adjustment based upon changes to our credit ratings. As of September 30, 2021, the annual interest rate payable on borrowings under our revolving credit facility was 1.2%. As of September 30, 2021 and October 27, 2021, we had no amounts outstanding under our revolving credit facility and $750,000 available for borrowing.
Our credit agreement includes a feature under which the maximum borrowing availability may be increased to up to $1,950,000 in certain circumstances.
Our credit agreement provides that, with certain exceptions, a subsidiary of ours is required to guaranty our obligations under our $750,000 revolving credit facility only if that subsidiary has separately incurred debt (other than nonrecourse debt), within the meaning specified in our credit agreement, or provided a guarantee of debt incurred by us or any of our other subsidiaries.
Senior Unsecured Note Issuances
In May 2021, we issued $300,000 of 2.650% senior unsecured notes due 2026 in an underwritten public offering, raising net proceeds of $296,826, after deducting underwriters’ discounts and offering expenses. We used the net proceeds from this offering to redeem all $310,000 of our 5.875% senior unsecured notes due 2046. These notes require semi-annual payments of interest only through maturity on June 15, 2026 and may be repaid at par plus accrued and unpaid interest on or after May 15, 2026.
In August 2021, we issued $350,000 of 2.400% senior unsecured notes due 2027 in an underwritten public offering, raising net proceeds of $346,630, after deducting underwriters’ discounts and offering expenses. We used the net proceeds from this offering to redeem all $300,000 of our 4.15% senior unsecured notes due 2022, repay amounts outstanding under our revolving credit facility and for general business purposes. These notes require semi-annual payments of interest only through maturity on February 1, 2027 and may be repaid at par plus accrued and unpaid interest on or after January 1, 2027.
In September 2021, we issued $400,000 of 3.450% senior unsecured notes due 2031 in an underwritten public offering, raising net proceeds of $395,698, after deducting underwriters’ discounts and offering expenses. We used the net proceeds of this offering to repay amounts outstanding under our revolving credit facility and for general business purposes. These notes require semi-annual payments of interest only through maturity on October 15, 2031 and may be repaid at par plus accrued and unpaid interest on or after July 15, 2031.
Senior Unsecured Note Redemptions
In June 2021, we redeemed, at par plus accrued interest, all $310,000 of our 5.875% senior unsecured notes due 2046 using cash on hand and the net proceeds from the issuance of our 2.650% senior unsecured notes due 2026.
In September 2021, we redeemed, at a premium plus accrued interest, all $300,000 of our 4.15% senior unsecured notes due 2022 using a portion of the net proceeds from the issuance of our 2.400% senior unsecured notes due 2027.
Mortgage Note Repayment
In June 2021, we prepaid, at a premium plus accrued interest, a mortgage note secured by three properties with an outstanding principal balance of $71,000, an annual interest rate of 3.55% and a maturity date in May 2023 using cash on hand and borrowings under our revolving credit facility.



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As of September 30, 2021, our debt maturities (other than our revolving credit facility), consisting of senior unsecured notes and mortgage notes, are as follows:
YearDebt Maturities
2021$302 
2022325,518 
202372,784 
2024350,000 
2025650,000 
Thereafter1,212,000 
Total$2,610,604 
None of our unsecured debt obligations require sinking fund payments prior to their maturity dates. Our $98,604 in mortgage debts generally require monthly payments of principal and interest through maturity.
In addition to our debt obligations, as of September 30, 2021, we have estimated unspent leasing related obligations of $129,369, of which we expect to spend $69,248 over the next 12 months.
We are currently in the process of redeveloping a property located in Washington, D.C. We currently estimate the total project costs associated with this redevelopment will be approximately $200,000 and completion of the redevelopment in the first quarter of 2023. As of September 30, 2021, we have incurred approximately $25,800 related to this project. In June 2021, we entered into a 30-year lease for approximately 230,000 rentable square feet at this property that is approximately 25.1% higher than the prior rental rate for the same space, making the redevelopment project 54% pre-leased.
We currently expect to use cash balances, borrowings under our revolving credit facility, net proceeds from property sales, incurrences or assumptions of mortgage debt and net proceeds from offerings of debt or equity securities to fund our future operations, capital expenditures, distributions to our shareholders and property acquisitions. When significant amounts are outstanding under our revolving credit facility or the maturities of our indebtedness approach, we expect to explore refinancing alternatives. Such alternatives may include incurring term debt, issuing debt or equity securities, extending the maturity date of our revolving credit facility and entering into a new revolving credit facility. We may assume additional mortgage debt in connection with our acquisitions or elect to place new mortgages on properties we own as a source of financing. We may also seek to participate in additional joint venture or other arrangements that may provide us with additional sources of financing. Although we cannot be sure that we will be successful in consummating any particular type of financing, we believe that we will have access to financing, such as debt and equity offerings, to fund future acquisitions and capital expenditures and to pay our obligations. We currently have an effective shelf registration statement that allows us to issue public securities on an expedited basis, but it does not assure that there will be buyers for such securities.
Our ability to obtain, and the costs of, our future debt financings will depend primarily on credit market conditions and our creditworthiness. We have no control over market conditions. Potential investors and lenders likely will evaluate our ability to pay distributions to shareholders, fund required debt service and repay debts when they become due by reviewing our business practices and plans to balance our use of debt and equity capital so that our financial profile and leverage ratios afford us flexibility to withstand any reasonably anticipated adverse changes. Similarly, our ability to raise equity capital in the future will depend primarily upon equity capital market conditions and our ability to conduct our business to maintain and grow our operating cash flows. We intend to conduct our business in a manner that will afford us reasonable access to capital for investment and financing activities, but we cannot be sure that we will be able to successfully carry out this intention. For instance, it is uncertain what the duration and severity of the COVID-19 pandemic and its ultimate economic impact will be. A protracted and extensive economic downturn may cause a decline in financing availability and increased costs for financings. Further, such conditions could also disrupt capital markets and limit our access to financing from public sources.
During the nine months ended September 30, 2021, we paid quarterly distributions to our shareholders totaling $79,734 using cash on hand. On October 14, 2021, we declared a regular quarterly distribution payable to shareholders of record on October 25, 2021 of $0.55 per share, or approximately $26,600. We expect to pay this distribution on or about November 18, 2021 using cash on hand. For more information regarding the distributions we paid and declared during 2021, see Note 8 to the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
We own 51% and 50% interests in two unconsolidated joint ventures which own three properties. The properties owned by these joint ventures are encumbered by an aggregate $82,000 principal amount of mortgage indebtedness, none of which is recourse to us. We do not control the activities that are most significant to these joint ventures and, as a result, we account for
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our investments in these joint ventures under the equity method of accounting. For more information on the financial condition and results of operations of these joint ventures, see Note 3 to the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Other than these joint ventures, as of September 30, 2021, we had no off balance sheet arrangements that have had or that we expect would be reasonably likely to have a material effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources.
U.S. Government Funding
The U.S. government recently increased its debt ceiling, which the U.S. Department of the Treasury has stated will provide the U.S. Government with sufficient funding to pay its obligations through December 3, 2021. It is uncertain whether the U.S. government will further increase its debt ceiling. If it does not, and does not find other means to sufficiently fund its obligations, the U.S. government could default on its debts or other obligations, which could potentially include its rent owed to us.
Debt Covenants (dollars in thousands)
Our principal debt obligations at September 30, 2021 consisted of an aggregate outstanding principal balance of $2,512,000 of public issuances of senior unsecured notes and mortgage notes with an aggregate outstanding principal balance of $98,604, that were assumed in connection with certain of our acquisitions. Also, the three properties owned by two joint ventures in which we own 51% and 50% interests secure two additional mortgage notes. Our publicly issued senior unsecured notes are governed by indentures and their supplements. Our credit agreement and our senior unsecured notes indentures and their supplements provide for acceleration of payment of all amounts outstanding upon the occurrence and continuation of certain events of default, such as, in the case of our credit agreement, a change of control of us, which includes RMR LLC ceasing to act as our business and property manager. Our credit agreement and our senior unsecured notes indentures and their supplements also contain a number of covenants, including those that restrict our ability to incur debts, including debts secured by mortgages on our properties, in excess of calculated amounts, require us to comply with certain financial covenants and, in the case of our credit agreement, restrict our ability to make distributions to our shareholders under certain circumstances. As of September 30, 2021, we believe we were in compliance with the terms and conditions of our respective covenants under our credit agreement and senior unsecured notes indentures and their supplements. Our mortgage notes are non-recourse, subject to certain limited exceptions, and do not contain any material financial covenants.
Neither our credit agreement nor our senior unsecured notes indentures and their supplements contain provisions for acceleration which could be triggered by our credit ratings. However, under our credit agreement our highest senior credit rating is used to determine the fees and interest rates we pay. Accordingly, if that credit rating is downgraded, our interest expense and related costs under our credit agreement would increase.
Our credit agreement has cross default provisions to other indebtedness that is recourse of $25,000 or more and indebtedness that is non-recourse of $50,000 or more. Similarly, our senior unsecured notes indentures and their supplements contain cross default provisions to any other debts of more than $25,000 (or up to $50,000 in certain circumstances).
Related Person Transactions
We have relationships and historical and continuing transactions with RMR LLC, RMR Inc. and others related to them. For more information about these and other such relationships and related person transactions, see Notes 9 and 10 to the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, our 2020 Annual Report, our definitive Proxy Statement for our 2021 Annual Meeting of Shareholders and our other filings with the SEC. In addition, see the section captioned “Risk Factors” of our 2020 Annual Report for a description of risks that may arise as a result of these and other related person transactions and relationships. We may engage in additional transactions with related persons, including businesses to which RMR LLC or its subsidiaries provide management services.
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk (dollar amounts in thousands, except per share data)
We are exposed to risks associated with market changes in interest rates. We manage our exposure to this market risk by monitoring available financing alternatives. Our strategy to manage exposure to changes in interest rates has not materially changed since December 31, 2020. Other than as described below, we do not currently foresee any significant changes in our exposure to fluctuations in interest rates or in how we manage this exposure in the near future.
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Fixed Rate Debt
At September 30, 2021, our outstanding fixed rate debt consisted of the following:
Debt
Principal Balance (1)
Annual Interest Rate (1)
Annual Interest Expense (1)
MaturityInterest Payments Due
Senior unsecured notes$300,000 4.000%$12,000 2022Semi-annually
Senior unsecured notes350,000 4.250%14,875 2024Semi-annually
Senior unsecured notes650,000 4.500%29,250 2025Semi-annually
Senior unsecured notes300,000 2.650%7,950 2026Semi-annually
Senior unsecured notes350,000 2.400%8,400 2027Semi-annually
Senior unsecured notes400,000 3.450%13,800 2031Semi-annually
Senior unsecured notes162,000 6.375%10,328 2050Quarterly
Mortgage note (one property in Washington, D.C.)25,245 4.220%1,065 2022Monthly
Mortgage note (one property in Chicago, IL)50,000 3.700%1,850 2023Monthly
Mortgage note (one property in Washington, D.C.)23,359 4.800%1,121 2023Monthly
Total$2,610,604  $100,639   
(1)The principal balances and annual interest rates are the amounts stated in the applicable contracts. In accordance with GAAP, our carrying values and recorded interest expense may differ from these amounts because of market conditions at the time we issued or assumed these debts. For more information, see Notes 6 and 7 to the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
Our senior unsecured notes require semi-annual or quarterly interest payments through maturity. Our mortgages generally require principal and interest payments through maturity pursuant to amortization schedules. Because these debts require interest to be paid at a fixed rate, changes in market interest rates during the term of these debts will not affect our interest obligations. If these debts were refinanced at interest rates which are one percentage point higher or lower than shown above, our annual interest cost would increase or decrease by approximately $26,106.
Changes in market interest rates also would affect the fair value of our fixed rate debt obligations; increases in market interest rates decrease the fair value of our fixed rate debt, while decreases in market interest rates increase the fair value of our fixed rate debt. Based on the balances outstanding at September 30, 2021, and discounted cash flow analyses through the respective maturity dates, and assuming no other changes in factors that may affect the fair value of our fixed rate debt obligations, a hypothetical immediate one percentage point increase in interest rates would change the fair value of those obligations by approximately $119,658.
Some of our fixed rate secured debt arrangements allow us to make repayments earlier than the stated maturity date. In some cases, we are not allowed to make early repayment prior to a cutoff date and we are generally allowed to make prepayments only at a premium equal to a make whole amount, as defined, which is generally designed to preserve a stated yield to the note holder. These prepayment rights may afford us opportunities to mitigate the risk of refinancing our debts at maturity at higher rates by refinancing prior to maturity.
At September 30, 2021, we had noncontrolling ownership interests of 51% and 50% in two unconsolidated joint ventures that own three properties that are secured by fixed rate debt consisting of the following mortgage notes:
DebtOur JV Ownership Interest
Principal Balance (1)(2)
Annual Interest Rate (1)
Annual Interest Expense (1)
MaturityInterest Payments Due
Mortgage note (two properties in Fairfax, VA)51%$50,000 4.090%$2,045 2029Monthly
Mortgage note (one property in Washington, D.C.)50%32,000 3.690%1,181 2024Monthly
Total$82,000 $3,226 
(1)The principal balances and annual interest rates are the amounts stated in the applicable contracts. In accordance with GAAP, the joint ventures’ recorded interest expense may differ from these amounts because of market conditions at the time they incurred the debt.
(2)Reflects the entire balance of the debt secured by the properties and is not adjusted to reflect the interests in the joint ventures we do not own. None of the debt is recourse to us.
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Floating Rate Debt
At September 30, 2021, we had no outstanding floating rate debt under our revolving credit facility. Our revolving credit facility matures on January 31, 2023 and, subject to the payment of an extension fee and meeting certain other conditions, we have the option to extend the stated maturity by two six month periods. No principal repayments are required under our revolving credit facility prior to maturity, and we can borrow, repay and reborrow funds available under our revolving credit facility, subject to conditions, at any time without penalty.
Borrowings under our revolving credit facility are in U.S. dollars and require interest to be paid at a rate of LIBOR plus premiums that are subject to adjustment based upon changes to our credit ratings. Accordingly, we are vulnerable to changes in U.S. dollar based short term rates, specifically LIBOR, and to changes in our credit ratings. In addition, upon renewal or refinancing of our revolving credit facility, we are vulnerable to increases in interest rate premiums due to market conditions or our perceived credit characteristics. Generally, a change in interest rates would not affect the value of our floating rate debt but would affect our operating results.
The following table presents the impact a one percentage point increase in interest rates would have on our annual floating rate interest expense as of September 30, 2021 if we were fully drawn on our revolving credit facility:
 Impact of an Increase in Interest Rates
 
Annual Interest Rate (1)
Outstanding DebtTotal Interest Expense Per Year
Annual Earnings Per Share Impact (2)
At September 30, 20211.2 %$750,000 $9,000 $0.19 
One percentage point increase2.2 %$750,000 $16,500 $0.34 

(1)Based on LIBOR plus a premium, which was 110 basis points per annum, as of September 30, 2021. 
(2)Based on the weighted average shares outstanding (diluted) for the nine months ended September 30, 2021.
The foregoing table shows the impact of an immediate increase in floating interest rates as of September 30, 2021. If interest rates were to increase gradually over time, the impact would be spread over time. Our exposure to fluctuations in floating interest rates will increase or decrease in the future with increases or decreases in the outstanding amount under our revolving credit facility or our other floating rate debt, if any. Although we have no present plans to do so, we may in the future enter into hedge arrangements from time to time to mitigate our exposure to changes in interest rates.
LIBOR Phase Out
LIBOR is currently expected to be phased out for new contracts by December 31, 2021 and for pre-existing contracts by June 30, 2023. We are required to pay interest on borrowings under our revolving credit facility at a floating rate based on LIBOR. Interest we may pay on any future debt that we may incur may also require that we pay interest based upon LIBOR. We currently expect that the determination of interest under our revolving credit facility would be revised as provided under our credit agreement or amended as necessary to provide for an interest rate that approximates the existing interest rate as calculated in accordance with LIBOR. Despite our current expectations, we cannot be sure that, if LIBOR is phased out or transitioned, the changes to the determination of interest under our agreements would approximate the current calculation in accordance with LIBOR. We do not know what standard, if any, will replace LIBOR if it is phased out or transitioned.
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
As of the end of the period covered by this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, our management carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of our Managing Trustees, our President and Chief Operating Officer and our Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer, of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures pursuant to Rules 13a-15 and 15d-15 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. Based upon that evaluation, our Managing Trustees, our President and Chief Operating Officer and our Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures are effective.
There have been no changes in our internal control over financial reporting during the quarter ended September 30, 2021 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
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Warning Concerning Forward-Looking Statements
 
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains statements that constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and other securities laws. Also, whenever we use words such as “believe”, “expect”, “anticipate”, “intend”, “plan”, “estimate”, “will”, “may” and negatives or derivatives of these or similar expressions, we are making forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are based upon our present intent, beliefs or expectations, but forward-looking statements are not guaranteed to occur and may not occur. Forward-looking statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q relate to various aspects of our business, including:
The duration and severity of the COVID-19 pandemic and its impact on us and our tenants and our tenants’ ability and willingness to pay us rent,
Our expectations about the financial strength of our tenants,
The likelihood that our rents will increase when we renew or extend our leases or enter new leases,
Our belief that we are in a position to opportunistically recycle and deploy capital,
Our expectations that the diversity and other characteristics of our property portfolio and our financial resources will result in our ability to successfully withstand the current economic conditions,
The likelihood that our tenants will renew or extend their leases and not exercise early termination options pursuant to their leases or that we will obtain replacement tenants, on terms as favorable to us as our prior leases,
The likelihood that our tenants will be negatively affected by cyclical economic conditions or government budget constraints and, if so, the impact that may have on their ability and willingness to lease our properties and pay us rent,
Our ability to successfully execute our capital recycling program,
The expectation that, as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, leasing activity may remain volatile until office property market conditions meaningfully improve and stabilize,
Our ability to pay distributions to our shareholders and to maintain or increase the amount of such distributions,
Our expectations regarding occupancy at our properties,
Our expectations regarding our future financial performance including FFO, Normalized FFO or NOI,
Our expectations regarding demand for leased space,
Our expectations regarding capital expenditures,
Our expectation that there will be opportunities for us to acquire, and that we will acquire, additional properties primarily leased to single tenants and tenants with high credit quality characteristics such as government entities,
Our expectations regarding the costs and timing of our redevelopment projects,
Our ability to compete for acquisitions and tenancies effectively,
Our sales and acquisitions of properties,
Our policies and plans regarding investments, financings and dispositions,
Our ability to appropriately balance our use of debt and equity capital,
The future availability of borrowings under our revolving credit facility,
Our ability to raise debt or equity capital,
Our ability to pay interest on and principal of our debt,
Our ability to maintain sufficient liquidity during the duration of the COVID-19 pandemic and any resulting economic downturn,
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The U.S. government’s debt ceiling limit and related impact on its ability to fund its obligations, including pay rent owed to us,
Our credit ratings,
Our expectation that we benefit from our relationships with RMR LLC,
The credit qualities of our tenants,
Our qualification for taxation as a REIT,
Changes in federal or state tax laws, and
Other matters.
Our actual results may differ materially from those contained in or implied by our forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors, some of which are beyond our control. Risks, uncertainties and other factors that could have a material adverse effect on our forward-looking statements and upon our business, results of operations, financial condition, FFO, Normalized FFO, NOI, cash flows, liquidity and prospects include, but are not limited to:
The impact of conditions in the economy, including the COVID-19 pandemic and its aftermath, and the capital markets on us and our tenants,
Competition within the real estate industry, particularly in those markets in which our properties are located,
The impact of changes in the real estate needs and financial conditions of our tenants,
Compliance with, and changes to, federal, state and local laws and regulations, accounting rules, tax laws and similar matters,
The impact of any U.S. government shutdown on our ability to collect rents or pay our operating expenses, debt obligations and distributions to shareholders on a timely basis,
Actual and potential conflicts of interest with our related parties, including our Managing Trustees, RMR LLC, Sonesta and others affiliated with them,
Limitations imposed on our business and our ability to satisfy complex rules in order for us to maintain our qualification for taxation as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes, and
Acts of terrorism, outbreaks of pandemics, including the COVID-19 pandemic, or other manmade or natural disasters beyond our control.
For example:
Our ability to make future distributions to our shareholders and to make payments of principal and interest on our indebtedness depends upon a number of factors, including our receipt of rent from our tenants, our future earnings, the capital costs we incur to lease our properties and our working capital requirements. We may be unable to pay our debt obligations or to maintain our current rate of distributions on our common shares and future distributions may be reduced or eliminated,
Our ability to grow our business and increase our distributions depends in large part upon our ability to buy properties and lease them for rents, less their property operating costs, that exceed our capital costs. We may be unable to identify properties that we want to acquire, and we may fail to reach agreement with the sellers and complete the purchases of any properties we want to acquire. In addition, any properties we may acquire may not provide us with rents less property operating costs that exceed our capital costs or achieve our expected returns,
We may fail to maintain, or we may elect to change our distribution rate. Our Board of Trustees considers many factors when setting distribution rates, including our historical and projected income, Normalized FFO, CAD, the then current and expected needs and availability of cash to pay our obligations and fund our investments, distributions which may be required to be paid to maintain our qualification for taxation as a REIT and other factors deemed
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relevant by our Board of Trustees. Accordingly, future distribution rates may be increased or decreased and there is no assurance as to the rate at which future distributions will be paid,
We expect to selectively sell properties from time to time when we determine our continued ownership or ongoing required capital expenditures will not achieve desired returns or when we believe we can successfully pursue more desirable opportunities than retaining those properties. We cannot be sure we will sell any of these properties or what the terms of any sales may be or that we will acquire replacement properties that improve our asset quality or our ability to increase our distributions to shareholders,
We may not receive the amounts we expect for properties we seek to sell,
We may not succeed in maintaining our leverage consistent with our current investment grade ratings or levels that the market or credit rating agencies believe are appropriate,
Some of our tenants may not renew expiring leases or they may exercise their rights, if any, to vacate their space before the stated expirations of their leases, and we may be unable to obtain new tenants to maintain or increase the historical occupancy rates of, or rents from, our properties,
Rents that we can charge at our properties may decline upon renewals or expirations because of changing market conditions or otherwise,
Leasing for some of our properties depends on a private sector single tenant and we may be adversely affected by the bankruptcy, insolvency, a downturn of business or a lease termination of such single tenant,
Our belief that there is a likelihood that tenants may renew or extend our leases prior to their expirations whenever they have made significant investments in the leased properties, or because those properties may be of strategic importance to them, may not be realized,
Overall new leasing volume may decrease more than we currently expect. In addition, if the COVID-19 pandemic and any resulting economic downturn continue for an extended period or worsen, our tenants may become unable to pay rent or they may elect to not renew their leases with us. Further, some of our government leases provide the tenant with certain rights to terminate their lease early. Budgetary and other fiscal pressures may result in some governmental tenants terminating their leases early or not renewing their leases. In addition, the COVID-19 pandemic has caused changes in workplace practices, including increased remote work arrangements. To the extent those practices become permanent or increased, leasing demand for office space may decline. As a result of these factors, our tenant retention levels could decline and we may experience reduced rent or incur increased costs under future new or renewal leases,
Our belief that we are well positioned to opportunistically recycle and deploy capital may not be realized. We may fail to identify and execute on opportunities to deploy capital and any deployment of capital we may make may not result in the returns that we expect,
Our perception that, as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, government tenants may seek to manage space utilization rates in order to provide greater physical distancing for employees, may prove incorrect,
Our perception that activity prior to the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic suggested that the government had begun to shift its leasing strategy to include longer term leases and that the government was actively exploring 10 to 20 year lease terms at renewal, in some instances, may mistakenly imply that these activities are indicative of a trend or broader change in government leasing strategy or practices that will recommence after the COVID-19 pandemic ends. Further, even if such a trend or change were to recommence, that trend or change may not be sustained by the government,
Contingencies in our acquisition and sale agreements may not be satisfied and any expected acquisitions and sales and any related lease arrangements we expect to enter may not occur, may be delayed or the terms of such transactions or arrangements may change,
We expect to pursue accretively growing our property portfolio. However, we may not succeed in making acquisitions that are accretive and future acquisitions could be dilutive,
The competitive advantages we believe we have may not in fact exist or provide us with the advantages we expect. We may fail to maintain any of these advantages or our competition may obtain or increase their competitive advantages relative to us,
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We intend to conduct our business activities in a manner that will afford us reasonable access to capital for investment and financing activities. However, we may not succeed in this regard and we may not have reasonable access to capital,
Continued availability of borrowings under our revolving credit facility is subject to our satisfying certain financial covenants and other credit facility conditions that we may be unable to satisfy,
Actual costs under our revolving credit facility will be higher than LIBOR plus a premium because of fees and expenses associated with such debt,
The interest rates payable under our floating rate debt obligations depend upon our credit ratings. If our credit ratings are downgraded, our borrowing costs will increase,
Our ability to access debt capital and the cost of our debt capital will depend in part on our credit ratings. If our credit ratings are downgraded, we may not be able to access debt capital or the debt capital we can access may be expensive,
We may be unable to repay our debt obligations when they become due,
The maximum borrowing availability under our revolving credit facility may be increased to up to $1.95 billion in certain circumstances; however, increasing the maximum borrowing availability under our revolving credit facility is subject to our obtaining additional commitments from lenders, which may not occur,
We have the option to extend the maturity date of our revolving credit facility upon payment of a fee and meeting other conditions; however, the applicable conditions may not be met,
We may incur significant costs to prepare a property for tenancy, particularly for single tenant properties,
We may spend more for capital expenditures than we currently expect,
We may fail to obtain development rights or entitlements that we may seek for development and other projects we may wish to conduct at our properties,
Our existing joint venture arrangements and any other joint venture arrangements that we may enter may not be successful,
Any redevelopment projects we undertake may be unsuccessful, may require greater capital expenditures or other costs than we project or may take significant time to complete,
We believe that we are well positioned to weather the present disruptions of the COVID-19 pandemic facing the real estate industry. However, the full extent of the future impact of the COVID-19 pandemic is unknown and we may not realize similar or better operating results in the future,
We believe that the near term impact of the COVID-19 pandemic to us will not be material due to the strength of our tenant base. However, if the COVID-19 pandemic and any resulting economic downturn continue for an extended period of time or worsen, our tenants may be significantly adversely impacted, which may result in those tenants seeking relief from their rent obligations, their inability to pay rent, the termination of their leases or our tenants not renewing their leases or renewing their leases for less space. Therefore, the impact we experience in the near term may be worse than we currently expect and our results of operations and financial position may be negatively affected,
We have granted requests to some of our tenants to defer payments over, in most cases, a 12-month period, all of which have commenced. However, current market and economic conditions may deteriorate further and the rent assistance granted by us may not be sufficient to ensure that tenants will be able to meet their rent payment obligations under their leases with us, which may result in an increase in tenant defaults and terminations,
The business and property management agreements between us and RMR LLC have continuing 20 year terms. However, those agreements permit early termination in certain circumstances. Accordingly, we cannot be sure that these agreements will remain in effect for continuing 20 year terms,
We believe that our relationships with our related parties, including RMR LLC, Sonesta and others affiliated with them, may benefit us and provide us with competitive advantages in operating and growing our business. However, the advantages we believe we may realize from these relationships may not materialize, and
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It is difficult to accurately estimate leasing related obligations and costs of property repositioning, development, redevelopment and tenant improvement costs. Our unspent leasing related obligations and development or redevelopment costs may cost more and may take longer to complete than we currently expect, and we may incur increased amounts for these and similar purposes in the future.
Currently unexpected results could occur due to many different circumstances, some of which are beyond our control, such as the COVID-19 pandemic and its aftermath, changes in our tenants’ needs for leased space, the ability of the U.S. and state governments to approve spending bills to fund their obligations, acts of terrorism, natural disasters, climate change or changes in capital markets or the economy generally.
The information contained elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and our 2020 Annual Report, or in our other filings with the SEC, including under the caption “Risk Factors”, or incorporated herein or therein, identifies other important factors that could cause differences from our forward-looking statements. Our filings with the SEC are available on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov.
You should not place undue reliance upon our forward-looking statements.
Except as required by law, we do not intend to update or change any forward-looking statements as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.
Statement Concerning Limited Liability
The amended and restated declaration of trust establishing Office Properties Income Trust, dated June 8, 2009, as amended, as filed with the State Department of Assessments and Taxation of Maryland, provides that no trustee, officer, shareholder, employee or agent of Office Properties Income Trust shall be held to any personal liability, jointly or severally, for any obligation of, or claim against, Office Properties Income Trust. All persons dealing with Office Properties Income Trust in any way shall look only to the assets of Office Properties Income Trust for the payment of any sum or the performance of any obligation.
Part II. Other Information
Item 1A. Risk Factors
There have been no material changes to the risk factors from those previously disclosed in our 2020 Annual Report.
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Issuer purchases of equity securities. The following table provides information about our purchases of our equity securities during the quarter ended September 30, 2021:
Calendar Month
Number of Shares Purchased (1)
Average Price Paid per ShareTotal Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plans or ProgramsMaximum Approximate Dollar Value of Shares that May Yet Be Purchased Under the Plans or Programs
September 202125,533 $25.24 
(1)These common share withholdings and purchases were made to satisfy tax withholding and payment obligations of one of our Trustees, our officers and certain other employees of RMR LLC in connection with awards of our common shares and the vesting of those and prior awards of common shares to them. We withheld and purchased these shares at their fair market values based upon the trading prices of our common shares at the close of trading on Nasdaq on the purchase dates.
Item 6. Exhibits
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4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
4.8
4.9
4.10
4.11
4.12
4.13
10.1
31.1
31.2
31.3
31.4
32.1
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101.INSXBRL Instance Document - the instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document.
101.SCHXBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document. (Filed herewith.)
101.CALXBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document. (Filed herewith.)
101.DEFXBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document. (Filed herewith.)
101.LABXBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document. (Filed herewith.)
101.PREXBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document. (Filed herewith.)
104Cover Page Interactive Data File. (Formatted as Inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101.)
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SIGNATURES
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
 OFFICE PROPERTIES INCOME TRUST
   
   
 By:/s/ Christopher J. Bilotto
  Christopher J. Bilotto
President and Chief Operating Officer
  Dated: October 28, 2021
   
 By:/s/ Matthew C. Brown
  Matthew C. Brown
Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer
(principal financial officer and principal accounting officer)
Dated: October 28, 2021

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