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US Alliance (USAC)

Filed: 12 May 20, 12:38pm
 

Table of Contents

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2020.

 

or

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from _________________________ to _________________________________

 

Commission File Number: 000-55627

 

US ALLIANCE CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

KANSAS

 

26-4824142

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization) 

 

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

 

 

4123 SW Gage Center Drive, Suite 240, Topeka, Kansas 

 

66604

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(Zip Code)

 

(785) 228-0200

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. ☒ Yes ☐ No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). ☒ Yes ☐ No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large

accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

Smaller

reporting company

Emerging

growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  ☐

 

Indicated by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). ☐ Yes ☒ No

 

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

 

Common stock, $0.10 par value

7,740,743 shares outstanding

as of May 5, 2020

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: 

Title of each class

Trading Symbol(s)

Name of each exchange on which registered

N/A

N/A

N/A

 

 

 

US ALLIANCE CORPORATION

     

FORM 10-Q

     

TABLE OF CONTENTS

     

Part I - Financial Information

     

Item

 

Item Description

 

Page

Item 1

 

Financial Statements

 

3

     
  

Consolidated Balance Sheets

 

3

     
  

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss)

 

4

     
  

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders' Equity

 

5

     
  

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

 

6

     
  

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

 

7

     

Item 2

 

Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

17

     

Item 3

 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

26

     

Item 4

 

Controls and Procedures

 

26

     

Part II - Other Information

     

Item

 

Item Description

 

Page

Item 1

 

Legal Proceedings

 

27

     

Item 1A

 

Risk Factors

 

27

     

Item 2

 

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

 

27

     

Item 3

 

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

 

27

     

Item 4

 

Mine Safety Disclosures

 

27

     

Item 5 

 

Other Information

 

27

     

Item 6

 

Exhibits

 

27

     
  

Signatures

 

28

 

 

 

ITEM 1.      FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

US Alliance Corporation

Consolidated Balance Sheets 

  

March 31, 2020

  

December 31, 2019

 
  (unaudited)     

Assets

 

 

     

Investments:

        

Available for sale fixed maturity securities (amortized cost: $32,248,318 and $30,823,397 as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively)

 $32,872,792  $33,152,892 

Available for sale equity securities (cost: $8,680,693 and $9,982,950 as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively)

  7,687,435   10,141,503 

Policy loans

  141,650   118,930 

Total investments

  40,701,877   43,413,325 
         

Cash and cash equivalents

  7,227,537   6,678,805 

Investment income due and accrued

  354,528   321,362 

Reinsurance related assets

  13,782,795   188,382 

Deferred acquisition costs, net

  3,873,837   2,652,674 

Value of business acquired, net

  554,918   559,994 

Property, equipment and software, net

  41,282   43,841 

Goodwill

  277,542   277,542 

Deferred tax asset, net of valuation allowance

  431,158   431,158 

Other assets

  416,404   372,166 

Total assets

 $67,661,878  $54,939,249 
         
         

Liabilities and Shareholders' Equity

        

Liabilities:

        

Policy liabilities

        

Deposit-type contracts

 $35,409,722  $19,396,614 

Policyholder benefit reserves

  18,316,000   17,326,524 

Dividend accumulation

  121,016   123,038 

Advance premiums

  90,562   78,709 

Total policy liabilities

  53,937,300   36,924,885 
         

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

  163,397   122,981 

Federal Home Loan Bank advance

  1,000,000   1,000,000 

Other liabilities

  98,079   15,186 

Total liabilities

  55,198,776   38,063,052 
         

Shareholders' Equity:

        

Common stock, $0.10 par value. Authorized 20,000,000 shares; issued and outstanding 7,740,700 and 7,734,004 shares as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively

  774,071   773,401 

Additional paid-in capital

  23,204,894   23,210,257 

Accumulated deficit

  (12,140,327)  (9,436,956)

Accumulated other comprehensive income

  624,464   2,329,495 

Total shareholders' equity

  12,463,102   16,876,197 
         

Total liabilities and shareholders' equity

 $67,661,878  $54,939,249 

 

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

 

 

US Alliance Corporation

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss)

 

  

Three Months Ended March 31,

 
  

2020

  

2019

 
  (Unaudited) 

Income:

 

 

 

Premium income

 $2,715,761  $2,392,976 

Net investment income

  514,708   397,646 

Net investment gains (losses)

  (1,370,761)  727,203 

Other income

  13,656   12,799 

Total income

  1,873,364   3,530,624 
         

Expenses:

        

Death claims

  481,712   395,667 

Policyholder benefits

  1,249,083   1,136,828 

Increase in policyholder reserves

  923,248   680,560 

Commissions, net of deferrals

  206,956   219,535 

Amortization of deferred acquisition costs

  575,210   62,902 

Amortization of value of business acquired

  5,076   5,076 

Salaries & benefits

  263,205   251,832 

Other operating expenses

  872,245   402,356 

Total expense

  4,576,735   3,154,756 
         
         

Net income (loss)

 $(2,703,371) $375,868 
         

Net income (loss) per common share, basic and diluted

 $(0.35) $0.05 
         

Unrealized net holding gains (losses) arising during the period

  (1,674,158)  1,245,778 

Reclassification adjustment for gains included in net loss

  (30,873)  - 
         

Other comprehensive income (loss)

  (1,705,031)  1,245,778 
         

Comprehensive income (loss)

 $(4,408,402) $1,621,646 

 

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

 

 

US Alliance Corporation

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders' Equity

Three Months Ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 (Unaudited)

 

              

Accumulated

         
  

Number of

          

Other

         
  

Shares of

  

Common

  

Additional

  

Comprehensive

  

Accumulated

     
  

Common Stock

  

Stock

  

Paid-in Capital

  

Income / (Loss)

  

Deficit

  

Total

 

Balance, December 31, 2018

  7,650,551  $765,056  $22,989,443  $(2,184,429) $(8,937,404) $12,632,666 

Common stock issued, $7 per share

  42,857   4,286   295,713   -   -   299,999 

Costs associated with common stock issued

  -   -   (143,109)  -   -   (143,109)

Cumulative effect, adoption of accounting guidance for equity securities

           1,098,760   (1,098,760)  - 

Other comprehensive income

  -   -   -   1,245,778   -   1,245,778 

Net income

  -   -   -   -   375,868   375,868 

Balance, March 31, 2019

  7,693,408  $769,342  $23,142,047  $160,109  $(9,660,296) $14,411,202 
                         

Balance, December 31, 2019

  7,734,004  $773,401  $23,210,257  $2,329,495  $(9,436,956) $16,876,197 

Common stock issued, $7 per share

  6,696   670   46,202   -   -   46,872 

Costs associated with common stock issued

  -   -   (51,565)  -   -   (51,565)

Other comprehensive loss

  -   -   -   (1,705,031)  -   (1,705,031)

Net loss

  -   -   -   -   (2,703,371)  (2,703,371)

Balance, March 31, 2020

  7,740,700  $774,071  $23,204,894  $624,464  $(12,140,327) $12,463,102 

 

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

 

 

US Alliance Corporation

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

 

  

Three Months Ended March 31,

 
  

2020

  

2019

 
  (unaudited) 

Cash Flows from Operating Activities:

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

 $(2,703,371) $375,868 

Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:

        

Depreciation and amortization

  2,559   2,559 

Net realized (gains) losses on the sale of securities

  218,953   - 

Unrealized (gains) losses on equity securities

  1,151,808   (727,203)

Amortization of investment securities, net

  20,201   11,881 

Deferred acquisition costs capitalized

  (1,796,373)  (74,961)

Deferred acquisition costs amortized

  575,210   62,902 

Value of business acquired amortized

  5,076   5,076 

Interest credited on deposit type contracts

  194,549   160,494 

(Increase) decrease in operating assets:

        

Investment income due and accrued

  (33,166)  (24,508)

Reinsurance related assets

  (13,594,413)  60,531 

Other assets

  (44,238)  17,033 

Increase (decrease) in operating liabilities:

        

Policyowner benefit reserves

  989,476   631,551 

Dividend Accumulation

  (2,022)  (9,519)

Advance premiums

  11,853   (6,587)

Other liabilities

  82,893   (3,279)

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

  40,416   12,463 

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

  (14,880,589)  494,301 
         

Cash Flows from Investing Activities:

        

Available-for-sale securities

        

Purchase of fixed income investments

  (876,333)  (615,289)

Purchase of equity investments

  (2,974,768)  (173,630)

Proceeds from fixed income sales and repayments

  523,611   52,582 

Proceeds from equity sales and repayments

  2,965,665   - 

Interest on policy loans

  (2,477)  (674)

Increase in policy loans

  (20,243)  (222)

Net cash used in investing activities

  (384,545)  (737,233)
         

Cash Flows from Financing Activities:

        

Receipts on deposit-type contracts

  16,468,780   965,438 

Withdrawals on deposit-type contracts

  (650,221)  (471,668)

Proceeds from FHLB advance

  -     

Proceeds received from issuance of common stock, net of costs of issuance

  (4,693)  156,890 

Net cash provided by financing activities

  15,813,866   650,660 
         

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents

  548,732   407,728 
         

Cash and Cash Equivalents:

        

Beginning

  6,678,805   2,077,646 

Ending

 $7,227,537  $2,485,374 

 

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited).

 

 

US Alliance Corporation

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

 

 

Note 1.     Description of Business and Significant Accounting Policies

 

Description of business: US Alliance Corporation ("USAC") was formed as a Kansas corporation on April 24, 2009 to raise capital to form a new Kansas-based life insurance company. Our offices are located at 4123 SW Gage Center Drive, Suite 240, Topeka, Kansas 66604. Our telephone number is 785-228-0200 and our website address is www.usalliancecorporation.com.

 

USAC has five wholly-owned operating subsidiaries. US Alliance Life and Security Company ("USALSC") was formed June 9, 2011, to serve as our life insurance company. US Alliance Marketing Corporation ("USAMC") was formed April 23, 2012, to serve as a marketing resource. US Alliance Investment Corporation ("USAIC") was formed April 23, 2012 to serve as investment manager for USAC. Dakota Capital Life Insurance Company (“DCLIC”) was acquired on August 1, 2017 when USAC merged with Northern Plains Capital Corporation (“NPCC”). US Alliance Life and Security Company - Montana ("USALSC-Montana") was acquired December 14, 2018. Both DCLIC and USALSC-Montana are wholly-owned subsidiaries of USALSC.

 

The Company terminated its initial public offering on February 24, 2013. During the balance of 2013, the Company achieved approval of an array of life insurance and annuity products, began development of various distribution channels and commenced insurance operations and product sales. The Company sold its first insurance product on May 1, 2013. The Company continued to expand its product offerings and distribution channels throughout 2014 and 2015. On February 24, 2015, the Company commenced a warrant exercise offering set to expire on February 24, 2016. On February 24, 2016, the Company extended the offering until February 24, 2017 and made additional shares available for purchase. All outstanding warrants expired on April 1, 2016. The Company has extended this offering to February 24, 2021. During the 4th quarter of 2017, the Company began a private placement offering to accredited investors in the state of North Dakota.

 

USALSC and DCLIC seek opportunities to develop and market additional products.

 

Our business model also anticipates the acquisition by USAC and/or USALSC of other insurance and insurance related companies, including third-party administrators, marketing organizations, and rights to other blocks of insurance business through reinsurance or other transactions.

 

Basis of presentation: The accompanying unaudited financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“US GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by US GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting primarily of normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for a fair presentation of the results for the interim periods have been included.

 

The results of operation for the three months ended March 31, 2020 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the year ended December 31, 2020 or for any other interim period or for any other future year. In particular, the impact of COVID-19 on the Company is evolving and its future effects on the Company's business, financial condition, results of operations, liquidity, and capital position are uncertain.  Certain financial information which is normally included in notes to financial statements prepared in accordance with US GAAP, but which are not required for interim reporting purposes, has been condensed or omitted. The accompanying financial statements and notes thereto should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s report on Form 10-K and amendments thereto for the year ended December 31, 2019.

 

Principles of consolidation: The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiaries. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated from the consolidated financial statements.

 

Area of Operation: USALSC is authorized to operate in the states of Kansas, North Dakota, Missouri, Nebraska and Oklahoma. DCLIC is authorized to operate in the states of North Dakota and South Dakota. USALSC-Montana is authorized to operate in the state of Montana.

 

 

US Alliance Corporation

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

 

Reclassifications: Certain reclassifications of a minor nature have been made to prior-year balances to conform to current-year presentation with no net impact to net loss/income or equity.

 

Common stock and earnings (loss) per share: The par value for common stock is $0.10 per share with 20,000,000 shares authorized. As of March 31, 2020, and December 31, 2019, the Company had 7,740,700 and 7,734,004 common shares issued and outstanding, respectively.

 

Earnings (loss) per share attributable to the Company’s common stockholders were computed based on the net loss and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during each year. The weighted average number of shares outstanding during the quarters ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 were 7,736,236 and 7,664,837 shares, respectively. Potential common shares are excluded from the computation when their effect is anti-dilutive. Basic and diluted net loss per common share is the same for the quarters ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.

 

New accounting standards 

 

Revenue from Contracts with Customers

 

In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued updated guidance to clarify the principles for recognizing revenue. While insurance contracts are not within the scope of this updated guidance, the Company's fee income related to providing services will be subject to this updated guidance. The updated guidance requires an entity to recognize revenue as performance obligations are met, in order to reflect the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration the entity is entitled to receive for those goods or services.

 

The following steps are applied in the updated guidance: (1) identify the contract(s) with a customer; (2) identify the performance obligations in the contract; (3) determine the transaction price; (4) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract and (5) recognize revenue when, or as, the entity satisfies a performance obligation.

 

In July 2015, the FASB deferred the effective date of the updated guidance on revenue recognition by one year to the quarter ending March 31, 2018.  As an emerging growth company, the Company chose to defer implementation of this accounting standard until the year ending December 31, 2019. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material effect on the Company’s result of operations, financial position or liquidity.

 

Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities

 

In January 2016, the FASB issued updated guidance regarding financial instruments. This guidance intends to enhance reporting for financial instruments and addresses certain aspects of recognition, measurement, presentation and disclosure of financial instruments. The significant amendments in this update generally require equity investments to be measured at fair value with changes in fair value recognized in net income, require the use of an exit price notion when measuring the fair value of financial instruments for disclosure purposes and clarifies that an entity should evaluate the need for a valuation allowance on a deferred tax asset related to available-for-sale securities. This guidance also intends to enhance the presentation of certain fair value changes for financial liabilities measured at fair value. It also amends certain disclosure requirements associated with the fair value of financial instruments.

 

This guidance was effective for the Company for the year ended December 31, 2019 and required a cumulative effect adjustment to opening retained earnings to be recorded for equity investments with readily determinable fair values. As of the adoption date, the Company held publicly traded equity investments with a fair value of $ 10,987,539 million in a net unrealized gain position of $ 1,098,760 million. The Company has recorded a cumulative-effect adjustment of $1,098,760 to decrease Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (AOCI) with a corresponding increase to accumulated deficit for unrealized gains as of the beginning of fiscal year 2019. As a result of the implementation of ASU 2016-01, unrealized gains and losses in equity investments with readily determinable fair values are recorded on the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss) within net investment gains (losses). The Company recorded a gain in net investment gains (losses) of $1.1 million for year ended December 31, 2019 as a result of adopting this standard. The implementation of this guidance is expected to increase volatility in our net income as the volatility previously recorded in Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss) (OCI) related to changes in the fair market value of available-for-sale equity investments will now be reflected in net income (loss) effective with the adoption date.

 

 

US Alliance Corporation

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

 

Leases

 

In February 2016, the FASB issued updated guidance to require lessees to recognize a right-to-use asset and a lease liability for leases with terms of more than 12 months.  The updated guidance retains the two classifications of a lease as either an operating or finance lease (previously referred to as a capital lease).  Both lease classifications require the lessee to record the right-to-use asset and the lease liability based upon the present value of cash flows.  Finance leases will reflect the financial arrangement by recognizing interest expense on the lease liability separately from the amortization expense of the right-to-use asset.  Operating leases will recognize lease expense (with no separate recognition of interest expense) on a straight-line basis over the term of the lease.   The accounting by lessors is not significantly changed by the updated guidance.  The updated guidance requires expanded qualitative and quantitative disclosures, including additional information about the amounts recorded in the financial statements.

 

The updated guidance is effective for reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018, and will require that the earliest comparative period presented include the measurement and recognition of existing leases with an adjustment to equity as if the updated guidance had always been applied.  Early adoption is permitted.  As an emerging growth company, the Company has elected to defer implementation of this standard to fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2020. The adoption of this guidance is not expected to have a material effect on the Company’s results of operations, financial position or liquidity.

 

Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments

 

In June 2016, the FASB issued updated guidance for the accounting for credit losses for financial instruments.  The updated guidance applies a new credit loss model (current expected credit losses or CECL) for determining credit-related impairments for financial instruments measured at amortized cost (e.g. reinsurance recoverables) and requires an entity to estimate the credit losses expected over the life of an exposure or pool of exposures. The estimate of expected credit losses should consider historical information, current information, as well as reasonable and supportable forecasts, including estimates of prepayments. The expected credit losses, and subsequent adjustments to such losses, will be recorded through an allowance account that is deducted from the amortized cost basis of the financial asset, with the net carrying value of the financial asset presented on the consolidated balance sheet at the amount expected to be collected.

 

 The updated guidance also amends the current other-than-temporary impairment model for available-for-sale debt securities by requiring the recognition of impairments relating to credit losses through an allowance account and limits the amount of credit loss to the difference between a security’s amortized cost basis and its fair value.  In addition, the length of time a security has been in an unrealized loss position will no longer impact the determination of whether a credit loss exists.

 

The updated guidance is effective for reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019.  Early adoption is permitted for reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018.  As an emerging growth company, the Company has elected to defer implementation of this standard to fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022. The Company will not be able to determine the impact that the updated guidance will have on its results of operations, financial position or liquidity until the updated guidance is adopted.

 

 

US Alliance Corporation

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

 

Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payment

 

In August 2016, the FASB issued new guidance that clarifies the classification of certain cash receipts and cash payments in the statement of cash flows under eight different scenarios including, but not limited to: (i) debt prepayment or debt extinguishment costs; (ii) proceeds from the settlement of corporate-owned life insurance policies including bank-owned life insurance policies; (iii) distributions received from equity method investees; and (iv) separately identifiable cash flows and application of the predominance principle. This guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted. As an emerging growth company, the Company elected to defer implementation of this standard to fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018. The implementation of this standard did not have a material impact on the Company’s statement of cash flows.

 

Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income

 

On December 22, 2017, the U.S. federal government enacted a tax bill, H.R.1, An Act to Provide for Reconciliation Pursuant to Titles II and V of the Concurrent Resolution on the Budget for Fiscal Year 2018 (Tax Cuts and Jobs Act). In February 2018, FASB issued guidance to address certain issues related to the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act. This new guidance allows a reclassification from accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings for stranded tax effects resulting from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act. Consequently, the amendments eliminate the stranded tax effects resulting from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act and will improve the usefulness of information reported to financial statement users. This guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material effect on the Company’s results of operations, financial position or liquidity.

 

Targeted Improvements to the Accounting for Long-Duration Contracts

 

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-12 “Targeted Improvements to the Accounting for Long-Duration Contracts.” ASU 2018-12 requires periodic reassessment of actuarial and discount rate assumptions used in the valuation of policyholder liabilities and deferred acquisition costs arising from the issuance of long-duration insurance and reinsurance contracts, with the effects of the changes in cash flow assumptions reflected in earnings and the effects of changes in discount rate assumptions reflected in other comprehensive income. Under current accounting guidance, the actuarial and discount rate assumptions are set at the contract inception date and not subsequently changed, except in limited circumstances. ASU 2018-12 also requires new disclosures and is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023, with early adoption permitted. We are evaluating the effect this standard will have on our Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

All other new accounting standards and updates of existing standards issued through the date of this filing were considered by management and did not relate to accounting policies and procedures pertinent or material to the Company at this time.

 

 

US Alliance Corporation

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

 

 

Note 2.     Investments

 

The amortized cost and fair value of available for sale and held to maturity investments as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 is as follows:

 

  

March 31, 2020

 
  

Cost or

  

Gross

  

Gross

     
  

Amortized

  

Unrealized

  

Unrealized

     
  

Cost

  

Gains

  

Losses

  

Fair Value

 
  (unaudited) 

Available for sale:

 

 

 

Fixed maturities:

                

US Treasury securities

 $607,488  $44,731  $-  $652,219 

Corporate bonds

  19,275,711   1,181,877   (799,794)  19,657,794 

Municipal bonds

  6,229,825   517,035   (1,991)  6,744,869 

Redeemable preferred stock

  3,154,668   -   (337,743)  2,816,925 

Mortgage backed and asset backed securities

  2,980,626   50,942   (30,583)  3,000,985 

Total fixed maturities

  32,248,318   1,794,585   (1,170,111)  32,872,792 

Equities:

                

Common stock

  6,737,247   64,271   (1,002,104)  5,799,414 

Preferred stock

  1,943,446   13,880   (69,305)  1,888,021 

Total equities

  8,680,693   78,151   (1,071,409)  7,687,435 

Total available for sale

 $40,929,011  $1,872,736  $(2,241,520) $40,560,227 

 

  

December 31, 2019

 
  

Cost or

  

Gross

  

Gross

     
  

Amortized

  

Unrealized

  

Unrealized

     
  

Cost

  

Gains

  

Losses

  

Fair Value

 

Available for sale:

                

Fixed maturities:

                

US Treasury securities

 $608,477  $24,162  $-  $632,639 

Corporate bonds

  18,407,211   1,697,265   (20,079)  20,084,397 

Municipal bonds

  6,538,883   518,059   (1,883)  7,055,059 

Redeemable preferred stock

  2,097,206   36,687   -   2,133,893 

Mortgage backed and asset backed securities

  3,171,620   77,593   (2,309)  3,246,904 

Total fixed maturities

  30,823,397   2,353,766   (24,271)  33,152,892 

Equities:

                

Common stock

  9,064,262   239,490   (89,058)  9,214,694 

Preferred stock

  918,688   8,121   -   926,809 

Total equities

  9,982,950   247,611   (89,058)  10,141,503 

Total available for sale

 $40,806,347  $2,601,377  $(113,329) $43,294,395 

 

 

US Alliance Corporation

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

 

The amortized cost and fair value of debt securities as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, by contractual maturity, are shown in the following table. Equity securities do not have stated maturity dates and therefore are not included in the following maturity summary. Actual maturities may differ from contractual maturities because borrowers may have the right to call or prepay obligations with or without call or prepayment penalties.

 

  

As of March 31, 2020

  

As of December 31, 2019

 
  

Amortized Cost

  

Fair Value

  

Amortized Cost

  

Fair Value

 
  (unaudited)         

Amounts maturing in:

 

 

         

One year or less

 $99,991  $100,174  $99,987  $100,239 

After one year through five years

  1,424,877   1,441,107   1,424,337   1,471,552 

After five years through ten years

  3,212,049   3,430,423   3,286,937   3,574,191 

More than 10 years

  21,376,107   22,083,178   20,743,310   22,626,113 

Redeemable preferred stocks

  3,154,668   2,816,925   2,097,206   2,133,893 

Mortgage backed and asset backed securities

  2,980,626   3,000,985   3,171,620   3,246,904 

Total amortized cost and fair value

 $32,248,318  $32,872,792  $30,823,397  $33,152,892 

 

Proceeds from the sale of securities, maturities, and asset paydowns for the first three months of 2020 and 2019 were $3,489,276 and $52,582 respectively. Realized gains and losses related to the sale of securities are summarized below:

 

  

Three Months Ended March 31,

 
  

(unaudited)

 
  

2020

  

2019

 

Gross gains

 $44,295  $- 

Gross losses

  (263,248)  - 

Net security gains (losses)

 $(218,953) $- 

 

Gross unrealized losses by duration are summarized as follows:

 

  

Less than 12 months

  

Greater than 12 months

  

Total

 
  

Fair

  

Unrealized

  

Fair

  

Unrealized

  

Fair

  

Unrealized

 
  

Value

  

Loss

  

Value

  

Loss

  

Value

  

Loss

 

March 31, 2020

 (unaudited) 

Available for sale:

 

 

 

Fixed maturities:

                        

Corporate bonds

 $4,647,625  $(799,794) $-  $-  $4,647,625  $(799,794)

Municipal bonds

  147,391   (1,991)  -   -   147,391   (1,991)

Redeemable preferred stock

  2,816,926   (337,743)  -   -   2,816,926   (337,743)

Mortgage backed and asset backed securities

  1,029,824   (30,583)  -   -   1,029,824   (30,583)

Total fixed maturities

  8,641,766   (1,170,111)  -   -   8,641,766   (1,170,111)

Equities:

                        

Common stock

  4,816,906   (905,942)  604,695   (96,162)  5,421,601   (1,002,104)

Preferred stock

  1,402,290   (69,305)  -   -   1,402,290   (69,305)

Total equities

  6,219,196   (975,247)  604,695   (96,162)  6,823,891   (1,071,409)

Total available for sale

 $14,860,962  $(2,145,358) $604,695  $(96,162) $15,465,657  $(2,241,520)

 

  

Less than 12 months

  

Greater than 12 months

  

Total

 
  

Fair

  

Unrealized

  

Fair

  

Unrealized

  

Fair

  

Unrealized

 
  

Value

  

Loss

  

Value

  

Loss

  

Value

  

Loss

 

December 31, 2019

 

Available for sale:

                        

Fixed maturities:

                        

Corporate bonds

 $967,848  $(20,079) $-  $-  $967,848  $(20,079)

Municipal bonds

  46,646   (1,883)  -   -   46,646   (1,883)

Mortgage backed and asset backed securities

  -   -   296,576   (2,309)  296,576   (2,309)

Total fixed maturities

  1,014,494   (21,962)  296,576   (2,309)  1,311,070   (24,271)

Equities:

                        

Common stock

  68,789   (6,920)  3,174,847   (82,138)  3,243,636   (89,058)

Total equities

  68,789   (6,920)  3,174,847   (82,138)  3,243,636   (89,058)

Total available for sale

 $1,083,283  $(28,882) $3,471,423  $(84,447) $4,554,706  $(113,329)

 

 

US Alliance Corporation

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

 

Unrealized losses occur from market price declines that may be due to a number of factors, including economic downturns, changes in interest rates, competitive forces within an industry, issuer specific events, operational difficulties, lawsuits, and market pricing anomalies caused by factors such as temporary lack of liquidity.

 

The total number of securities in the investment portfolio in an unrealized loss position as of March 31, 2020 was 71, which represented an unrealized loss of $2,241,520 of the aggregate carrying value of those securities. The 71 securities breakdown as follows: 27 bonds, 15 mortgage and asset backed securities, 18 preferred stocks, 1 preferred stock index fund, 1 senior loan fund, and 9 common stocks. The Company determined that no securities were considered to be other-than-temporarily impaired as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

 

 

Note 3.     Fair Value Measurements

 

The fair value of an asset or liability is the price that would be received to sell that asset or paid to transfer that liability in an orderly transaction occurring in the principal market (or most advantageous market in the absence of a principal market) for such asset or liability. In estimating fair value, the Company utilizes valuation techniques that are consistent with the market approach, the income approach and/or the cost approach. Such valuation techniques are consistently applied. Inputs to valuation techniques include the assumptions that market participants would use in pricing an asset or liability. The Company uses a fair value hierarchy for valuation inputs that gives the highest priority to quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs. The fair value hierarchy is as follows:

 

 

Level 1 inputs are quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the Company has the ability to access at the measurement rate.

 

 

Level 2 inputs are inputs other than quoted prices included within Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly.

 

 

Level 3 inputs are unobservable for the asset or liability and reflect an entity’s own assumptions about the assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the assets or liabilities.

 

Investments, available for sale: Fair values of available for sale fixed maturity securities are provided by a third party pricing service. The pricing service uses a variety of sources to determine fair value of securities. The Company’s fixed maturity securities are highly liquid, which allows for a high percentage of the portfolio to be priced through pricing sources. Fair values for equity securities are also provided by a third party pricing service and are derived from active trading on national market exchanges.

 

 

US Alliance Corporation

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

 

Note 3.     Fair Value Measurements (Continued)

 

The following table presents the amounts of assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019:

 

  

March 31, 2020

 
  

Total

  

Level 1

  

Level 2

  

Level 3

 
  (unaudited) 

Available for sale:

 

 

 

Fixed maturities:

                

US Treasury securities

 $652,219  $652,219  $-  $- 

Corporate bonds

  19,657,794   -   19,466,194   191,600 

Municipal bonds

  6,744,869   -   6,744,869   - 

Redeemable preferred stock

  2,816,925   -   2,816,925   - 

Mortgage backed and asset backed securities

  3,000,985   -   3,000,985   - 

Total fixed maturities

  32,872,792   652,219   32,028,973   191,600 

Equities:

                

Common stock

  5,799,414   5,389,644   409,770   - 

Preferred stock

  1,888,021   -   1,888,021   - 

Total equities

  7,687,435   5,389,644   2,297,791   - 

Total

 $40,560,227  $6,041,863  $34,326,764  $191,600 

 

  

December 31, 2019

 
  

Total

  

Level 1

  

Level 2

  

Level 3

 

Available for sale:

                

Fixed maturities:

                

US Treasury securities

 $632,639  $632,639  $-  $- 

Corporate bonds

  20,084,397   -   19,892,797   191,600 

Municipal bonds

  7,055,059   -   7,055,059   - 

Redeemable preferred stock

  2,133,893   -   2,133,893   - 

Mortgage backed and asset backed securities

  3,246,904   -   3,246,904   - 

Total fixed maturities

  33,152,892   632,639   32,328,653   191,600 

Equities:

                

Common stock

  9,214,694   9,169,694   45,000   - 

Preferred stock

  926,809   -   926,809   - 

Total equities

  10,141,503   9,169,694   971,809   - 

Total

 $43,294,395  $9,802,333  $33,300,462  $191,600 

 

The Company discloses the fair value of financial assets and financial liabilities, including those financial assets and financial liabilities that are not measured and reported at fair value on a recurring basis or non-recurring basis. The methodologies for estimating the fair value of financial assets and financial liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring or non-recurring basis are discussed above. The estimated fair value approximates carrying value for accrued interest. The methodologies for other financial assets and financial liabilities are discussed below:

 

Cash and cash equivalents: The carrying amounts approximate fair value because of the short maturity of these instruments.

 

Investment income due and accrued: The carrying amounts approximate fair value because of the short maturity of these instruments.

 

 

US Alliance Corporation

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

 

Policy loans: Policy loans are stated at unpaid principal balances. As these loans are fully collateralized by the cash surrender value of the underlying insurance policies, the carrying value of the policy loans approximates their fair value.

 

Federal Home Loan Bank Advances: FHLB advances are stated at the outstanding principal balances and the carrying value approximates fair value.

 

Policyholder deposits in deposit-type contracts: The fair value for policyholder deposits in deposit-type insurance contracts (accumulation annuities) is calculated using a discounted cash flow approach.  Cash flows are projected using actuarial assumptions and discounted to the valuation date using risk-free rates adjusted for credit risk and the nonperformance risk of the liabilities.

 

The estimated fair values of the Company’s financial assets and liabilities at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 are as follows:

 

  

March 31, 2020

             
  

(unaudited)

             
  

Carrying Value

  

Fair Value

  

Level 1

  

Level 2

  

Level 3

 

Financial Assets:

                    

Cash and cash equivalents

 $7,227,537  $7,227,537  $7,227,537  $-  $- 

Investment income due and accrued

  354,528   354,528   -   354,528   - 

Policy loans

  141,650   141,650   -   -   141,650 

Total Financial Assets (excluding available for sale investments)

 $7,723,715  $7,723,715  $7,227,537  $354,528  $141,650 
                     

Financial Liabilities:

                    

Federal Home Loan Bank advance

 $1,000,000  $1,000,000  $-  $-  $1,000,000 

Policyholder deposits in deposit-type contracts

  35,409,722   37,721,270   -   -   37,721,270 

Total Financial Liabilities

 $36,409,722  $38,721,270  $-  $-  $38,721,270 

 

  

December 31, 2019

             
  

Carrying Value

  

Fair Value

  

Level 1

  

Level 2

  

Level 3

 

Financial Assets:

                    

Cash and cash equivalents

 $6,678,805  $6,678,805  $6,678,805  $-  $- 

Investment income due and accrued

  321,362   321,362   -   321,362   - 

Policy loans

  118,930   118,930   -   -   118,930 

Total Financial Assets (excluding available for sale investments)

 $7,119,097  $7,119,097  $6,678,805  $321,362  $118,930 
                     

Financial Liabilities:

                    

Federal Home Loan Bank advance

 $1,000,000  $1,000,000  $-  $-  $1,000,000 

Policyholder deposits in deposit-type contracts

  19,396,614   19,186,265   -   -   19,186,265 

Total Financial Liabilities

 $20,396,614  $20,186,265  $-  $-  $20,186,265 

 

 

Note 4.     Income Tax Provision

 

No income tax expense or (benefit) has been reflected for the quarters ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 due to the lack of taxable net income generated by the Company and a change in the valuation allowance pertaining to the deferred tax asset. The difference between the reported amount of income tax expense and the amount expected based upon statutory rates is primarily due to the increase in the valuation allowance on deferred taxes.

 

The net operating loss carryforwards for the Company are $13,088,121 and $12,577,367 as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively. The components of the deferred tax assets and liabilities due to book and tax differences are the following: fixed asset depreciation, net operating loss carryforward, net unrealized gains (losses) on investment securities, policyowner benefit reserves and deferred acquisition costs. The deferred tax asset net of valuation allowance is $431,158 as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively.

 

 

US Alliance Corporation

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

 

 

Note 5.   Subsequent Events

All of the effects of subsequent events that provide additional evidence about conditions that existed at the balance sheet date, including the estimates inherent in the process of preparing the consolidated financial statements, are recognized in the consolidated financial statements. The Company does not recognize subsequent events that provide evidence about conditions that did not exist at the balance sheet date but arose after, but before the consolidated financial statements are issued. In some cases, unrecognized subsequent events are disclosed to keep the consolidated financial statements from being misleading.

 

The Company has evaluated subsequent events through May 11, 2020, the date on which the consolidated financial statements were issued.  

 

New Reinsurance Agreement

 

On April 15, 2020, The Company entered into a reinsurance agreement with American Life and Security Corporation.  The agreement was effective January 1, 2020.  Under this agreement, USALSC will assume a quota share percentage of a block of certain annuity contracts issued by American Life and Security Corporation.  The Company recognized $15.4 million of annuity deposits in the first quarter and had a receivable from reinsurer of $13.5 as of March 31, 2020 as a result of this agreement.   

 

Uncertainty Due to Covid-19 Pandemic

As a result of  Covid-19, which was declared a pandemic on March 11, 2020, the United States, State and Local Governments, and other countries have taken measures that have suddenly limited economic output.  Due to the decline in economic activity, the Company is faced with a sudden uncertainty as of the date of this report on its operations when considering its revenue sources and potential future liquidity needs.  Management is actively monitoring the situation and the impact to its operations.   

 

 

 

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our condensed consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in this Form 10-Q. In connection with, and because we desire to take advantage of, the “safe harbor” provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, we caution readers regarding certain forward looking statements in the following discussion and elsewhere in this report and in any other statement made by, or on our behalf, whether or not in future filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Forward looking statements are statements not based on historical information and which relate to future operations, strategies, financial results or other developments. Forward looking statements are necessarily based upon estimates and assumptions that are inherently subject to significant business, economic and competitive uncertainties and contingencies, including disruptions to  our business due to the COVID-19 pandemic, many of which are beyond our control and many of which, with respect to future business decisions, are subject to change. These uncertainties and contingencies can affect actual results and could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed in any forward looking statements made by, or on our behalf. We disclaim any obligation to update forward looking statements.

 

Overview

 

US Alliance Corporation (“USAC”) was formed as a Kansas corporation on April 24, 2009 for the purpose of raising capital to form a new Kansas-based life insurance company. We presently conduct our business through our five wholly-owned subsidiaries: USALSC, a life insurance corporation; DCLIC, a life insurance corporation; USALSC-Montana, a life insurance corporation; USAMC, an insurance marketing corporation; and USAIC, an investment management corporation.

 

On January 2, 2012, USALSC was issued a Certificate of Authority to conduct life insurance business in the State of Kansas. We began third party administrative services in 2015.

 

On August 1, 2017, the Company merged with Northern Plains Capital Corporation (“Northern Plains”) with the Company being the ultimate surviving entity. As a result of this merger, the Company acquired Dakota Capital Life Insurance Company which became a wholly owned subsidiary of USALSC.

 

On December 14, 2018, the Company acquired Great Western Life Insurance Company. Great Western Life Insurance Company was renamed US Alliance Life and Security Company – Montana and is a subsidiary of USALSC.

 

The Company assumes business under two reinsurance treaties. On January 1, 2013, the Company entered into an agreement to assume 20% of a certain block of health insurance policies from Unified Life Insurance Company. On September 30, 2018, the Company entered into a coinsurance agreement to assume 100% of a certain block of life insurance policies from American Life and Security Company ("ALSC"). On April 15, 2020, with an effective date of January 1, 2020, the Company entered into a second coinsurance agreement with ALSC to assume a quota share percentage of a block of annuity policies.  As of March 31, 2020, the Company had assumed $15.4 million in annuity deposits under this agreement.

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

Our accounting and reporting policies are in accordance with GAAP. Preparation of the consolidated financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses. The following is an explanation of our accounting policies and the estimates considered most significant by management. These accounting policies inherently require significant judgment and assumptions and actual operating results could differ significantly from management’s estimates determined using these policies. We believe the following accounting policies, judgments and estimates are the most critical to the understanding of our results of operations and financial position. A detailed discussion of significant accounting policies is provided in this report in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included with this quarterly report.

 

 

Valuation of Investments

 

The Company's principal investments are in fixed maturity and equity securities. Fixed maturity and equity securities, classified as available for sale, are carried at their fair value in the consolidated balance sheets, with unrealized gains or losses recorded in comprehensive income (loss). Our fixed income investment manager utilizes external independent third-party pricing services to determine the fair values of investment securities available for sale.  The Covid-19 Pandemic and its related economic uncertainty has created additional volatility in the valuation of our investments. 

 

We have a policy and process in place to identify securities that could potentially have an impairment that is other-than-temporary. The assessment of whether impairments have occurred is based on a case-by-case evaluation of underlying reasons for the decline in fair value. We consider severity of impairment, duration of impairment, forecasted recovery period, industry outlook, financial condition of the issuer, issuer credit ratings and whether we intend to sell a security, or it is more likely than not that we would be required to sell a security, prior to the recovery of the amortized cost. New England Asset Management, our investment manager, provides analysis and support to the Company in making these determinations.

 

The recognition of other-than-temporary impairment losses on debt securities is dependent on the facts and circumstances related to the specific security. If we intend to sell a security or it is more likely than not that we would be required to sell a security prior to recovery of the amortized cost, the difference between amortized cost and fair value is recognized in the income statement as an other-than-temporary impairment. As it relates to debt securities, if we do not expect to recover the amortized basis, do not plan to sell the security and if it is not more likely than not that we would be required to sell a security before the recovery of its amortized cost, the other-than-temporary impairment would be recognized. We would recognize the credit loss portion through earnings in the income statement and the noncredit loss portion in accumulated other comprehensive loss.

 

Deferred Acquisition Costs

 

Incremental direct costs, net of amounts ceded to reinsurers, that result directly from and are essential to a product sale and would not have been incurred by us had the sale not occurred, are capitalized, to the extent recoverable, and amortized over the life of the premiums produced. Recoverability of deferred acquisition costs is evaluated periodically by comparing the current estimate of the present value of expected pretax future profits to the unamortized asset balance. If this current estimate is less than the existing balance, the difference is charged to expense.

 

Value of Business Acquired

 

Value of business acquired (VOBA) represents the estimated value assigned to purchased companies or insurance in force of the assumed policy obligations at the date of acquisition of a block of policies. At least annually, a review is performed of the models and the assumptions used to develop expected future profits, based upon management’s current view of future events. VOBA is reviewed on an ongoing basis to determine that the unamortized portion does not exceed the expected recoverable amounts. Management’s view primarily reflects our experience but can also reflect emerging trends within the industry. Short-term deviations in experience affect the amortization of VOBA in the period, but do not necessarily indicate that a change to the long-term assumptions of future experience is warranted. If it is determined that it is appropriate to change the assumptions related to future experience, then an unlocking adjustment is recognized for the block of business being evaluated. Certain assumptions, such as interest spreads and surrender rates, may be interrelated. As such, unlocking adjustments often reflect revisions to multiple assumptions. The VOBA balance is immediately impacted by any assumption changes, with the change reflected through the statements of comprehensive income as an unlocking adjustment in the amount of VOBA amortized. These adjustments can be positive or negative with adjustments reducing amortization limited to amounts previously deferred plus interest accrued through the date of the adjustment.

 

In addition, we may consider refinements in estimates due to improved capabilities resulting from administrative or actuarial system upgrades. We consider such enhancements to determine whether and to what extent they are associated with prior periods or simply improvements in the projection of future expected gross profits due to improved functionality. To the extent they represent such improvements, these items are applied to the appropriate financial statement line items in a manner similar to unlocking adjustments.

 

 

VOBA is also reviewed on an ongoing basis to determine that the unamortized portion does not exceed the expected recoverable amounts. If it is determined from emerging experience that the premium margins or gross profits are less than the unamortized value of business acquired, then the asset will be adjusted downward with the adjustment recorded as an expense in the current period.

 

Goodwill

 

Goodwill represents the excess of the amounts paid to acquire subsidiaries and other businesses over the fair value of their net assets at the date of acquisition. Goodwill is tested for impairment at least annually in the fourth quarter or more frequently if events or circumstances change that would indicate that a triggering event has occurred.

 

We assess the recoverability of indefinite-lived intangible assets at least annually or whenever events or circumstances suggest that the carrying value of an identifiable indefinite-lived intangible asset may exceed the sum of the future discounted cash flows expected to result from its use and eventual disposition. If the asset is considered to be impaired, the amount of any impairment is measured as the difference between the carrying value and the fair value of the impaired asset.

 

Reinsurance

 

In the normal course of business, we seek to limit aggregate and single exposure to losses on risk by purchasing reinsurance. The amounts reported in the consolidated balance sheets as reinsurance recoverable include amounts billed to reinsurers on losses paid as well as estimates of amounts expected to be recovered from reinsurers on insurance liabilities that have not yet been paid. Reinsurance recoverable on unpaid losses are estimated based upon assumptions consistent with those used in establishing the liabilities related to the underlying reinsured contracts. Insurance liabilities are reported gross of reinsurance recoverable. Management believes the recoverables are appropriately established. We diversify our credit risks related to reinsurance ceded. Reinsurance premiums are generally reflected in income in a manner consistent with the recognition of premiums on the reinsured contracts. Reinsurance does not extinguish our primary liability under the policies written. We regularly evaluate the financial condition of our reinsurers including their activities with respect to claim settlement practices and commutations, and establish allowances for uncollectible reinsurance recoverable as appropriate.

 

Future Policy Benefits

 

We establish liabilities for amounts payable under insurance policies, including traditional life insurance and annuities. Generally, amounts are payable over an extended period of time. Liabilities for future policy benefits of traditional life insurance have been computed by using a net level premium method based upon estimates at the time of issue for investment yields, mortality and withdrawals. These estimates include provisions for experience less favorable than initially expected. Mortality assumptions are based on industry experience expressed as a percentage of standard mortality tables. Such liabilities are reviewed quarterly by an independent consulting actuary.  We are uncertain as to the impact of the Covid-19 Pandemic on our future policy benefits.

 

Income Taxes

 

Deferred tax assets are recorded based on the differences between the financial statement and tax basis of assets and liabilities at the enacted tax rates. The principal assets and liabilities giving rise to such differences are investments, insurance reserves, and deferred acquisition costs. A deferred tax asset valuation allowance is established when there is uncertainty that such assets would be realized. We have no uncertain tax positions that we believe are more-likely-than-not that the benefit will not to be realized.

 

Recognition of Revenues

 

   Revenues on traditional life insurance products consist of direct and assumed premiums reported as earned when due.

 

Amounts received as payment for annuities are recognized as deposits to policyholder account balances and included in future insurance policy benefits. Revenues from these contracts are comprised of investment earnings of the deposits, which are recognized over the period of the contracts, and included in revenue. Deposits are shown as a financing activity in the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows.

 

 

Mergers and Acquisitions

 

On May 23, 2017 the Company entered into a definitive merger agreement with Northern Plains Capital Corporation. The merger transaction closed on July 31, 2017. Northern Plains shareholders received .5841 shares of US Alliance Corporation stock for each share of Northern Plains stock owned. USAC issued 1,644,458 shares of common stock to holders of Northern Plains shares.

 

On October 11, 2018 the Company entered into a stock purchase agreement with Great Western Insurance Company to acquire Great Western Life Insurance Company. The transaction closed on December 14, 2018. USALSC paid $500,000 to acquire all of the outstanding shares of GWLIC.

 

New Accounting Standards

 

A detailed discussion of new accounting standards is provided in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements beginning on p. 8 of this quarterly report.

 

Discussion of Consolidated Results of Operations

 

Revenues. Insurance revenues are primarily generated from premium revenues and investment income. Insurance revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 are summarized in the table below.

 

  

Three Months Ended March 31,

 
  

2020

  

2019

 
  (Unaudited) 

Income:

 

 

 

Premium income

 $2,715,761  $2,392,976 

Net investment income

  514,708   397,646 

Net investment gains (losses)

  (1,370,761)  727,203 

Other income

  13,656   12,799 

Total income

  1,873,364   3,530,624 

 

Our 2020 first quarter revenues decreased to $1,873,364, a decrease of $1,657,260 from the 2019 first quarter revenues of $3,530,624. The Company was required to implement a new accounting standard in 2019 which results in unrealized gains and losses on equity securities being included in total income. This standard has resulted in increased volatility in our total income.

 

Premium revenue: Premium revenue for the first three months of 2020 was $2,715,761 compared to $2,392,976 in the first three months of 2019, an increase of $322,785. The increase was driven by an increase in our direct premiums primarily as a result of increased pre-need sales. Even though it is a reduction in revenue, ceded premium increases reflect the growth of our group policy premiums as we focused on small companies to assist them with their employee benefits.

 

Direct, assumed and ceded premiums for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 are summarized in the following table.

 

  

Three Months Ended March 31,

 
  

2020

  

2019

 
         

Direct

 $1,577,225  $1,191,780 

Assumed

  1,360,386   1,403,793 

Ceded

  (221,850)  (202,597)

Total

 $2,715,761  $2,392,976 

 

 

The Company is pursuing new product and distribution opportunities to continue to increase premium production on both a direct and assumed basis.

 

Investment income, net of expenses: The components of net investment income for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 are as follows:

 

  

Three Months Ended March 31,

 
  

2020

  

2019

 
  

(unaudited)

 

Fixed maturities

 $366,731  $302,294 

Equity securities

  150,189   114,586 

Cash and short term investments

  9,312   4,199 
   526,232   421,079 

Less investment expenses

  (11,524)  (23,433)
  $514,708  $397,646 

 

Net investment income for the first three months of 2020 was $514,708, compared to $397,646 in 2019, an increase of $117,062 or 29%. This increase in investment income is primarily a result of increased invested assets as a result of our premium income, annuity deposits, and our new coinsurance treaty with American Life.

 

Net investments gains (losses): Net investment losses for the quarter ended March 31, 2020 were $1,370,761, compared to gains of $727,203 in 2019, a decrease of $2,097,964. The decrease in net investment gains is attributable to unrealized losses in our equity portfolio as a result of the Covid-19 pandemic. Net investments losses for 2020 were comprised of $1,151,808 of unrealized losses in our equity portfolio and realized losses of $218,953. Net investment gains for 2019 were comprised of $727,203 of unrealized gains in our equity portfolio. Realized gains and losses related to the sale of securities for the quarters ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 are summarized as follows:

 

  

Three Months Ended March 31,

 
  

(unaudited)

 
  

2020

  

2019

 

Gross gains

 $44,295  $- 

Gross losses

  (263,248)  - 

Net security gains (losses)

 $(218,953) $- 

 

Other income: Other income for the three months ended March 31, 2020 was $13,656 compared to $12,799 in 2019, an increase of $857.

 

 

Expenses. Expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 are summarized in the table below.

 

  

Three Months Ended March 31,

 
  

2020

  

2019

 

Expenses:

        

Death claims

 $481,712  $395,667 

Policyholder benefits

  1,249,083   1,136,828 

Increase in policyholder reserves

  923,248   680,560 

Commissions, net of deferrals

  206,956   219,535 

Amortization of deferred acquisition costs

  575,210   62,902 

Amortization of value of business acquired

  5,076   5,076 

Salaries & benefits

  263,205   251,832 

Other operating expenses

  872,245   402,356 

Total expense

 $4,576,735  $3,154,756 

 

Death and other benefits: Death benefits were $481,712 in the three months ended March 31, 2020 compared to $395,667 in 2019, an increase of $86,045. This increase is attributable to our growing block of in-force life insurance policies. We expect these claims to grow as we continue to increase the size of our in-force business. 

 

Policyholder benefits: Policyholder benefits were $1,249,083 in the three months ended March 31, 2020 compared to $1,136,828 in 2019, an increase of $112,255. The primary driver of this increase is the growth of interest credited on our direct and assumed annuities.

 

Increase in policyholder reserves: Policyholder reserves increased $923,248 in the three months ended March 31, 2020, compared to $680,560 in 2019, an increase of $242,688. The growth in reserve increase is the result of higher pre-need sales.

 

Commissions, net of deferrals: The Company pays commissions to the ceding company on a block of assumed policies as well as commissions to agents on directly written business. Commissions, net of deferrals, were $206,956 in the three months ended March 31, 2020, compared to $219,535 in 2019, a decrease of $12,579. This decrease is driven by a change in composition of premiums collected.

 

Amortization of deferred acquisition costs: The amortization of deferred acquisition costs ("DAC") was $575,210 in the three months ended March 31, 2020, compared to $62,902 in 2019, an increase of $512,308. As a result of the covid-19 pandemic and the resulting historic low interest rates, the Company reassessed its DAC assumptions regarding reinvestment rates. As a result, the Company reduced its DAC balance by $430,000 to reflect the current reinvestment environment and the uncertainty of when interest rates will return to historic levels.

 

Amortization of value of business acquired: The amortization of value of business acquired (“VOBA”) was $5,076 in the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019. Our VOBA balance was established August 1, 2017 with acquisition of DCLIC. VOBA is being amortized straight-line over 30 years.

 

Salaries and benefits: Salaries and benefits were $263,205 for the three months ended March 31, 2020, compared to $251,832 in 2019, an increase of $11,373.  The Company has maintained its staffing levels during the coronavirus pandemic to insure that customer service needs continue to be met.

 

Other expenses: Other operating expenses were $872,245 in the three months ended March 31, 2020, compared to $402,356 in 2019, an increase of $469,889. Operating costs were driven higher due to our pre-paid software asset being recognized as an expense ($250,000), increased accounting and actuarial fees ($72,568), and expenses associated with implementing a new disability reinsurance program ($50,000).

 

Net Income (Loss): Our net loss was $2,703,371 in the three months ended March 31, 2020 compared to a net income of $375,868 in the same period of 2019, a decrease of $3,079,239. Our net loss per share decreased to $0.35 from a net income of $0.05 in 2019, basic and diluted. This decrease is primarily attributable to covid-19 impacts on unrealized losses on our equity securities and on deferred acquisition costs as well as our software upgrade, increased accounting and actuarial costs, and the implementation of our new disability reinsurance program.

 

 

Discussion of Consolidated Balance Sheet

 

Assets. Assets have increased to $67,661,878 as of March 31, 2020, an increase of $12,772,629 from December 31, 2019. This is primarily the result of our new coinsurance agreement with ALSC.

 

Available for sale fixed maturity securities: As of March 31, 2020, we had available for sale fixed maturity assets of $32,872,792, a decrease of $280,100 from the December 31, 2019 balance of $33,152,892. The decrease is driven by a decrease in the market value of these securities.

 

Available for sale equity securities: As of March 31, 2020, we had available for sale equity assets of $7,687,435, a decrease of $2,454,068 from the December 31, 2019 balance of $10,141,503. This reduction is driven by a decrease in the market value of our equity securities due primarily to the instability of equity markets and economic disruption caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. 

 

Policy loans: As of March 31, 2020, our policy loans were $141,650, an increase of $22,720 from the December 31, 2019 balance of $118,930. The increase is the result of normal loan activity associated with increased policies.

 

Cash and cash equivalents: As of March 31, 2020, we had cash and cash equivalent assets of $7,227,537, an increase of $548,742 from the December 31, 2019 balance of $6,678,805. This increase is primarily the result of cash received from premium income.

 

Investment income due and accrued: As of March 31, 2020, our investment income due and accrued was $354,528 compared to $321,362 as of December 31, 2019. This increase is attributable to normal investment activity and the growth of our invested assets.

 

Reinsurance related assets: As of March 31, 2020, our reinsurance related assets were $13,782,795, an increase of $13,594,413 from the December 31, 2019 balance of $188,382. This increase reflects the initial settlement amount due from ALSC on our new coinsurance agreement.

 

Deferred acquisition costs, net: As of March 31, 2020, our deferred acquisition costs were $3,873,837, an increase of $1,221,163 from the December 31, 2019 balance of $2,652,674. The increase is the result of costs deferred on our new coinsurance agreement with American Life.

 

Value of business acquired, net: As of March 31, 2020, our value of business acquired asset was $554,918, a decrease of $5,076 from the December 31, 2019 balance of $559,994. This asset was established in the third quarter of 2017 as a result of our acquisition of DCLIC. The decrease is the result of amortization of the asset.

 

Goodwill: As of March 31, 2020, our goodwill was $277,542 and was unchanged from the December 31, 2019 balance. Goodwill was established as a result of our merger with Northern Plains.

 

Property, equipment and software, net: As of March 31, 2020, our property, equipment and software assets were $41,282, a decrease of $2,559 from the December 31, 2019 balance of $43,841. This decrease is a result of normal amortization during the period.

 

Deferred tax asset, net of valuation allowance: As of March 31, 2020, the Company had a deferred tax asset of $431,158 and was unchanged from the December 31, 2019 balance.

 

Other assets: As of March 31, 2020, our other assets were $416,404, an increase of $44,238 from the December 31, 2019 balance of $372,166. This increase was the result of pre-paid option expenses offset by a reduction in our pre-paid software asset.

 

Liabilities. Our total liabilities were $55,198,776 as of March 31, 2020, an increase of $17,135,174 from our December 31, 2019 liability of $38,063,052. This increase is driven by an increase in our policyholder liabilities as a result of our new ALSC agreement.

 

Policy liabilities: Our total policy liabilities as of March 31, 2020 were $53,937,300, an increase of $17,012,415 from the December 31, 2019 balance of $36,924,885. This increase is driven by annuities assumed under our new coinsurance agreement with ALSC.

 

Accounts payable and accrued expenses: As of March 31, 2020, our accounts payable and accrued expenses were $163,397, an increase of $40,416 from the December 31, 2019 balance of $122,981. This increase is the result of normal operating activity.

 

 

Federal Home Loan Bank advance: In October of 2019, the Company took an advance of $1,000,000 from the Federal Home Loan Bank of Topeka (“FHLB”), which was outstanding as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

 

Other liabilities: As of March 31, 2020, our other liabilities were $98,079, an increase of $82,893 from the December 31, 2019 balance of $15,186. The increase is the result of securities payable at the end of the first quarter.

 

Shareholders’ Equity. Our shareholders’ equity was $12,463,102 as of March 31, 2020, a decrease of $4,413,095 from our December 31, 2019 shareholders’ equity of $16,876,197. The decrease in shareholders’ equity was driven by a decrease in other comprehensive income and our net loss during the period, both of which were materially impacted by the Covid-19 pandemic.

 

Investments and Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

Our investment philosophy is reflected by the allocation of our investments. We emphasize investment grade debt securities with smaller holdings in equity securities and other investments. The following table shows the carrying value of our investments by investment category and cash and cash equivalents, and the percentage of each to total invested assets as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

 

  

March 31, 2020

  

December 31, 2019

 
  

Fair

  

Percent

  

Fair

  

Percent

 
  

Value

  

of Total

  

Value

  

of Total

 
  (unaudited)         

Fixed maturities:

 

 

         

US Treasury securities

 $652,219   1.4% $632,639   1.3%

Corporate bonds

  19,657,794   41.1%  20,084,397   40.2%

Municipal bonds

  6,744,869   14.1%  7,055,059   14.1%

Redeemable preferred stocks

  2,816,925   5.9%  2,133,893   4.3%

Mortgage backed and asset backed securities

  3,000,985   6.3%  3,246,904   6.5%

Total fixed maturities

  32,872,792   68.8%  33,152,892   66.3%

Equities:

                

Common stock

  5,799,414   12.1%  9,214,694   18.4%

Preferred stock

  1,888,021   4.0%  926,809   1.9%

Total equities

  7,687,435   16.1%  10,141,503   20.3%

Cash and cash equivalents

  7,227,537   15.1%  6,678,805   13.4%

Total

 $47,787,764   100.0% $49,973,200   100.0%

 

The total value of our investments and cash and cash equivalents decreased to $47,787,764 as of March 31, 2020 from $49,973,200 at December 31, 2019, a decrease of $2,185,436. Decreases in investments are primarily attributable to a reduction in market values.

 

The following table shows the distribution of the credit ratings of our portfolio of fixed maturity securities by carrying value as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

 

  

March 31, 2020

  

December 31, 2019

 
  

Fair

  

Percent

  

Fair

  

Percent

 
  

Value

  

of Total

  

Value

  

of Total

 
  

(unaudited)

  

 

 

AAA and U.S. Government

 $1,103,998   3.4% $1,201,046   3.6%

AA

  7,494,611   22.8%  7,901,834   23.8%

A

  8,349,561   25.4%  8,446,360   25.5%

BBB

  12,693,702   38.6%  13,832,629   41.7%

BB

  3,039,320   9.2%  1,579,423   4.8%

Not Rated - Private Placement

  191,600   0.6%  191,600   0.6%

Total

 $32,872,792   100.0% $33,152,892   100.0%

 

 

Reflecting the high quality of securities maintained by us, 94.6% of all fixed maturity securities were investment grade as of December 31, 2019. As of March 31, 2020, 90.2% of all fixed maturity securities were investment grade.

 

The amortized cost and fair value of debt securities as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, by contractual maturity, are shown below. Equity securities do not have stated maturity dates and therefore are not included in the following maturity summary. Actual maturities may differ from contractual maturities because borrowers may have the right to call or prepay obligations with or without call or prepayment penalties.

 

  

As of March 31, 2020

  

As of December 31, 2019

 
  

Amortized Cost

  

Fair Value

  

Amortized Cost

  

Fair Value

 

Amounts maturing in:

 

(unaudited)

         

One year or less

 $99,991  $100,174  $99,987  $100,239 

After one year through five years

  1,424,877   1,441,107   1,424,337   1,471,552 

After five years through ten years

  3,212,049   3,430,423   3,286,937   3,574,191 

More than 10 years

  21,376,107   22,083,178   20,743,310   22,626,113 

Redeemable preferred stocks

  3,154,668   2,816,925   2,097,206   2,133,893 

Mortgage backed and asset backed securities

  2,980,626   3,000,985   3,171,620   3,246,904 

Total amortized cost and fair value

 $32,248,318  $32,872,792  $30,823,397  $33,152,892 

 

Market Risk of Financial Instruments

 

We hold a diversified portfolio of investments that primarily includes cash, bonds and equity securities. Each of these investments is subject to market risks that can affect their return and their fair value. A majority of the investments are fixed maturity securities including debt issues of corporations, US Treasury securities, or securities issued by government agencies. The primary market risks affecting the investment portfolio are interest rate risk, credit risk, and equity risk.  The Company's investment portfolio, including the creditworthiness and valuation of investment assets, as well as availability of new investments may be adversely affected as a result of market developments related to the COVID-19 pandemic and uncertainty regarding its ultimate severity and duration.

 

Interest Rate Risk

 

Interest rate risk arises from the price sensitivity of investments to changes in interest rates. Interest represents the greatest portion of an investment's return for most fixed maturity securities in stable interest rate environments. The changes in the fair value of such investments are inversely related to changes in market interest rates. As interest rates fall, the interest and dividend streams of existing fixed-rate investments become more valuable and fair values rise. As interest rates rise, the opposite effect occurs.  The  COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in volatility, historically low interest rates, and previously unknown credit risk.

 

We attempt to mitigate our exposure to adverse interest rate movements through laddering the maturities of the fixed maturity investments and through maintaining cash and other short term investments to assure sufficient liquidity to meet our obligations and to address reinvestment risk considerations. Due to the composition of our book of insurance business, management believes it is unlikely that we would encounter large surrender activity due to an interest rate increase that would force the disposal of fixed maturities at a loss.

 

Credit Risk

 

We are exposed to credit risk through counterparties and within the investment portfolio. Credit risk relates to the uncertainty associated with an obligor's ability to make timely payments of principal and interest in accordance with the contractual terms of an instrument or contract. We manage our credit risk through established investment policies and guidelines which address the quality of creditors and counterparties, concentration limits, diversification practices and acceptable risk levels. These policies and guidelines are regularly reviewed and approved by senior management and USAC's Board of Directors. 

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

The impact of COVID-19 on the Company is evolving, and its future effects are not yet quantifiable and the Company is closely monitoring the effects and risks of COVID-19 to assess its impact on the Company's business, sales, financial condition, results of operations, liquidity and capital position.

 

 

Premium income, deposits to policyholder account balances, investment income, and capital raising are the primary sources of funds while withdrawals of policyholder account balances, investment purchases, policy benefits in the form of claims, and operating expenses are the primary uses of funds. To ensure we will be able to pay future commitments, the funds received as premium payments and deposits are invested in primarily fixed income securities. Funds are invested with the intent that the income from investments, plus proceeds from maturities, will in the future meet our ongoing cash flow needs. The approach of matching asset and liability durations and yields requires an appropriate mix of investments. Our investments consist primarily of marketable debt securities that could be readily converted to cash for liquidity needs. Cash flow projections and cash flow tests under various market interest scenarios are also performed annually to assist in evaluating liquidity needs and adequacy. As a member of the Federal Home Loan Bank, USALSC has immediate access to additional cash liquidity.

 

Net cash used in operating activities was $14,880,589 for the three months ended March 31, 2020. The primary sources of cash from operating activities were premiums and deposits received from policyholders. The primary uses of cash for operating activities were for payments of commissions to agents and settlement of policy liabilities. Net cash used in investing activities was $384,545. The primary use of cash was the purchase of available for sale securities. Cash provided by financing activities was $15,813,866. The primary sources of cash were receipts on deposit-type contracts.

 

At March 31, 2020, we had cash and cash equivalents totaling $7,227,537. We believe that our existing cash and cash equivalents and premiums from our insurance operations will be sufficient to fund the anticipated operating expenses and capital expenditures for the foreseeable future. We have based this estimate upon assumptions that may prove to be wrong and we could use our capital resources sooner than we currently expect. The growth of USALSC and DCLIC, our insurance subsidiaries, is uncertain and will require additional capital if they continue to grow.

 

Impact of Inflation

 

Insurance premiums are established before the amount of losses, or the extent to which inflation may affect such losses and expenses, are known. We attempt, in establishing premiums, to anticipate the potential impact of inflation. If, for competitive reasons, premiums cannot be increased to anticipate inflation, this cost would be absorbed by us. Inflation also affects the rate of investment return on the investment portfolio with a corresponding effect on investment income.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We have no off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources that is material to investors.

 

ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

   As a “smaller reporting company”, the Company does not provide disclosure pursuant to this item.

 

ITEM 4.    CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

We have established disclosure controls and procedures to ensure, among other things, material information relating to our Company, including our consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to our officers who certify our financial reports and to the other members of our senior management and the Board of Directors.

 

As required by Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(b), management of the Company, including the Chief Executive Officer and the Vice President conducted an evaluation as of the end of the period covered by this report, of the effectiveness of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e). Based upon an evaluation at the end of the period, the Chief Executive Officer and the Vice President concluded that the disclosure controls and procedures are effective in timely alerting them to material information relating to us and our consolidated subsidiaries required to be disclosed in our periodic reports under the exchange act.

 

There were no changes to the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as defined in Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(f) during the three months ended March 31, 2020 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s control over financial reporting.

 

 

Part II – Other Information

 

ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

We are involved in litigation incidental to our operations from time to time. We are not presently a party to any legal proceedings other than litigation arising in the ordinary course of business, and we are not aware of any claims that could materially affect our financial position or results of operation.

 

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

 

   As a “smaller reporting company”, the Company is not required to provide disclosure pursuant to this item.

 

ITEM 2.      UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS.

 

During the quarter ended March 31, 2020, the Company issued 2,696 shares of common stock, for aggregate consideration of $18,872, pursuant to an offering to residents of the state of Kansas that was registered with the Kansas Securities Commissioner.

 

The offering of shares in the above described transaction was self-underwritten and sold through agents of the Company licensed to sell securities in Kansas. Proceeds from the sale of common stock were used to finance the growth of the Company’s life insurance subsidiary and to provide working capital for the Company. The offer and sale of common stock was exempt from registration under Section 3(a)11 of the Securities Act of 1933 for securities offered and sold on a wholly intrastate basis. The shares of common stock were sold only to bona fide residents of the state of Kansas.

 

During the quarter ended March 31, 2020, the Company issued 4,000 shares of common stock, for aggregate consideration of $28,000, pursuant to a private placement offering to residents of the state of North Dakota (the “North Dakota Offering”).  Proceeds from the sale of shares in the North Dakota were used to finance the growth of DCLIC and to provide working capital for the Company. The North Dakota Offering and sales of shares thereunder were not registered with the SEC in reliance on an exemption for registration under Rule 506(b) of Regulation D under this Securities Act of 1933 (“Reg D”).  Shares were sold only to “accredited investors”, as that term is defined in Rule 501 of Reg D, and were not sold by any means of general advertisement or solicitation. 

 

ITEM 3. DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES

 

 None

  

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

 

Not Applicable

��

ITEM 5. OTHER INFORMATION

 

None.

 

ITEM 6. EXHIBITS

 

3.1

 

Articles of Incorporation of US Alliance Corporation (filed as Exhibit 3.1 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form 10 filed on May 2, 2016 (File No. 000-55627), is incorporated herein by reference as Exhibit 3.1)

   
3.1.1 First Amendment to Articles of Incorporation of US Alliance Corporation, filed as Exhibit 3.1.1 to the Company's Current Report on Form 8-K filed on June 9, 2017 (File No. 000-55627), is incorporated herein by reference a Exhibit 3.1.1.
   
3.1.2 Second Amendment to Articles of Incorporation of US Alliance Corporation, filed as Exhibit 3.1.2 to the Company's Current Report on Form 8-K filed on June 9, 2017 (File No. 000-55627), is incorporated herein by reference as Exhibit 3.1.2.

 

3.2

 

Bylaws of US Alliance Corporation (filed as Exhibit 3.2 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form 10 filed on May 2, 2016 (File No. 000-55627), is incorporated herein by reference as Exhibit 3.2).

   
3.2.1 Amendment No. 1. to the bylaws of US Alliance Corporation, filed as Exhibit 3.2.1 to the Company's Current Report on Form 8-K filed on June 9, 2017 (File No. 000-55627), is incorporated herein by reference as Exhibit 3.2.1.
   

10.12*

 

Coinsurance Agreement, effective January 1, 2020, between US Alliance Life and Security Company and American Life and Security Corporation

 

31.1*

 

Certification of Chief Executive Officer of US Alliance Corporation pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

 

 

31.2*

 

Certification of Principal Financial Officer of US Alliance Corporation pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

 

 

32.1*

 

Certifications of the Chief Executive Officer of US Alliance pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

   

32.2*

 

Certifications of the Principal Financial Officer of US Alliance pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 

101.INS** XBRL Instance

 

101.SCH** XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema

 

101.CAL** XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation

 

101.DEF** XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition

 

101.LAB** XBRL Taxonomy Extension Labels

 

101.PRE** XBRL Taxonomy Extention Presentation

 

**XBRL information is furnished and not filed or a part of a registration statement or prospectus for purposes of sections 11 or 12 of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, is deemed not filed for purposes of section 18 of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and otherwise is not subject to liability under these sections.

 

* Filed herewith

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 12 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this registration statement to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

        US Alliance Corporation      
 (Registrant)

 

Date 

 

By  /s/ Jack H. Brier                                                                      

      Jack H. Brier, President and Chairman

 

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