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IRT Independence Realty Trust

Filed: 30 Apr 21, 4:30pm

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2021

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                     to                     

Commission file number 001-36041

 

INDEPENDENCE REALTY TRUST, INC.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

 

 

Maryland

26-4567130

(State or Other Jurisdiction of

Incorporation or Organization)

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

 

 

1835 Market Street, Suite 2601

Philadelphia, PA

19103

(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

(Zip Code)

(267) 270-4800

(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)

N/A

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

 

Securities registered pursuant to section 12(b) of the Act:

 

 

Title of each class

 

Trading Symbol(s)

 

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common stock

 

IRT

 

NYSE

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large Accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-Accelerated filer

Smaller reporting company

 

 

 

 

 

 

Emerging growth company

 

 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No  

As of April 27, 2021 there were 102,147,512 shares of the Registrant’s common stock issued and outstanding.

 

 

 


 

INDEPENDENCE REALTY TRUST, INC.

INDEX

 

 

 

 

 

Page

 

 

 

 

 

PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

 

Financial Statements (unaudited)

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three Months ended March 31, 2021 and March 31, 2020

 

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss) for the Three Months ended March 31, 2021 and March 31, 2020

 

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity for the Three Months ended March 31, 2021 and March 31, 2020

 

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Three Months ended March 31, 2021 and March 31, 2020

 

7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements as of March 31, 2021

 

8

 

 

 

 

 

Item 2.

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

17

 

 

 

 

 

Item 3.

 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

24

 

 

 

 

 

Item 4.

 

Controls and Procedures

 

24

 

 

 

 

 

PART II—OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

 

Legal Proceedings

 

24

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1A.

 

Risk Factors

 

24

 

 

 

 

 

Item 2.

 

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

 

25

 

 

 

 

 

Item 3.

 

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

 

25

 

 

 

 

 

Item 4.

 

Mine Safety Disclosures

 

25

 

 

 

 

 

Item 5.

 

Other Information

 

25

 

 

 

 

 

Item 6.

 

Exhibits

 

25

 

 

 

 

 

Signatures

 

26

 

 

 


 

PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.

Financial Statements (unaudited)

Independence Realty Trust, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

(Unaudited and dollars in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

 

 

As of

March 31, 2021

 

 

As of

December 31, 2020

 

ASSETS:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investments in real estate:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investments in real estate, at cost

 

$

1,922,071

 

 

$

1,916,770

 

Accumulated depreciation

 

 

(223,187

)

 

 

(208,618

)

Investments in real estate, net

 

 

1,698,884

 

 

 

1,708,152

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

 

8,653

 

 

 

8,751

 

Restricted cash

 

 

4,449

 

 

 

4,864

 

Other assets

 

 

12,824

 

 

 

12,338

 

Derivative assets

 

 

2,810

 

 

 

 

Intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization of $396 and $0, respectively

 

 

396

 

 

 

792

 

Total Assets

 

$

1,728,016

 

 

$

1,734,897

 

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Indebtedness, net of unamortized deferred financing costs of $3,844 and $4,208, respectively

 

$

947,631

 

 

$

945,686

 

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

 

24,535

 

 

 

25,416

 

Accrued interest payable

 

 

1,888

 

 

 

1,976

 

Dividends payable

 

 

12,293

 

 

 

12,257

 

Derivative liabilities

 

 

19,540

 

 

 

29,842

 

Other liabilities

 

 

6,991

 

 

 

6,949

 

Total Liabilities

 

 

1,012,878

 

 

 

1,022,126

 

Equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, $0.01 par value; 50,000,000 shares authorized, 0 and 0 shares issued and outstanding, respectively

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock, $0.01 par value; 300,000,000 shares authorized, 102,033,732 and 101,803,762 shares issued and outstanding, including 267,296 and 339,468 unvested restricted common share awards, respectively

 

 

1,018

 

 

 

1,018

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

920,042

 

 

 

919,615

 

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

(20,497

)

 

 

(33,822

)

Retained earnings (accumulated deficit)

 

 

(190,151

)

 

 

(178,751

)

Total stockholders’ equity

 

 

710,412

 

 

 

708,060

 

Noncontrolling interests

 

 

4,726

 

 

 

4,711

 

Total Equity

 

 

715,138

 

 

 

712,771

 

Total Liabilities and Equity

 

$

1,728,016

 

 

$

1,734,897

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

3


 

Independence Realty Trust, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations

(Unaudited and dollars in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

 

 

For the Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

REVENUE:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rental and other property revenue

 

$

54,811

 

 

$

51,156

 

Other revenue

 

 

301

 

 

 

194

 

Total revenue

 

 

55,112

 

 

 

51,350

 

EXPENSES:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Property operating expenses

 

 

20,838

 

 

 

19,737

 

Property management expenses

 

 

1,943

 

 

 

2,156

 

General and administrative expenses

 

 

5,942

 

 

 

5,376

 

Depreciation and amortization expense

 

 

16,552

 

 

 

14,828

 

Abandoned deal costs

 

 

 

 

 

130

 

Casualty losses

 

 

359

 

 

 

 

Total expenses

 

 

45,634

 

 

 

42,227

 

Interest expense

 

 

(8,385

)

 

 

(9,497

)

Net income (loss):

 

 

1,093

 

 

 

(374

)

(Income) loss allocated to noncontrolling interest

 

 

(7

)

 

 

2

 

Net income (loss) allocable to common shares

 

$

1,086

 

 

$

(372

)

Earnings per share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

$

0.01

 

 

$             0.00

 

Diluted

 

$

0.01

 

 

$             0.00

 

Weighted-average shares:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

 

101,678,865

 

 

 

90,895,488

 

Diluted

 

 

102,763,106

 

 

 

90,895,488

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

4


 

Independence Realty Trust, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss)

(Unaudited and dollars in thousands)

 

 

 

 

For the Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

Net income (loss)

 

$

1,093

 

 

$

(374

)

Other comprehensive income (loss):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Change in fair value of interest rate hedges

 

 

15,173

 

 

 

(23,422

)

Realized (losses) gains on interest rate hedges reclassified to earnings

 

 

(1,760

)

 

 

(418

)

Total other comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

13,413

 

 

 

(23,840

)

Comprehensive income (loss) before allocation to noncontrolling interests

 

 

14,506

 

 

 

(24,214

)

Allocation to noncontrolling interests

 

 

(95

)

 

 

191

 

Comprehensive income (loss)

 

$

14,411

 

 

$

(24,023

)

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

5


 

Independence Realty Trust, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity

(Unaudited and dollars in thousands, except share information)

 

 

 

Common

Shares

 

 

Par

Value

Common

Shares

 

 

Additional

Paid In

Capital

 

 

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (loss)

 

 

Retained

Earnings

(Deficit)

 

 

Total

Stockholders’

Equity

 

 

Noncontrolling

Interests

 

 

Total

Equity

 

Balance, December 31, 2020

 

 

101,803,762

 

 

$

1,018

 

 

$

919,615

 

 

$

(33,822

)

 

$

(178,751

)

 

$

708,060

 

 

$

4,711

 

 

$

712,771

 

Net income (loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,086

 

 

 

1,086

 

 

 

7

 

 

 

1,093

 

Other comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

13,325

 

 

 

 

 

 

13,325

 

 

 

88

 

 

 

13,413

 

Stock compensation

 

 

286,647

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

3,346

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,348

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,348

 

Issuance of common shares, net

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(59

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(59

)

 

 

 

 

 

(59

)

Repurchase of shares related to equity award tax withholding

 

 

(56,677

)

 

 

(2

)

 

 

(2,860

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2,862

)

 

 

 

 

 

(2,862

)

Common dividends declared ($0.12 per share)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(12,486

)

 

 

(12,486

)

 

 

 

 

 

(12,486

)

Distribution to noncontrolling interest declared ($0.12 per unit)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(80

)

 

 

(80

)

Balance, March 31, 2021

 

 

102,033,732

 

 

$

1,018

 

 

$

920,042

 

 

$

(20,497

)

 

$

(190,151

)

 

$

710,412

 

 

$

4,726

 

 

$

715,138

 

 

 

 

Common

Shares

 

 

Par

Value

Common

Shares

 

 

Additional

Paid In

Capital

 

 

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (loss)

 

 

Retained

Earnings

(Deficit)

 

 

Total

Stockholders’

Equity

 

 

Noncontrolling

Interests

 

 

Total

Equity

 

Balance, December 31, 2019

 

 

91,070,637

 

 

$

911

 

 

$

765,992

 

 

$

(12,099

)

 

$

(141,525

)

 

$

613,279

 

 

$

6,478

 

 

$

619,757

 

Net income (loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(372

)

 

 

(372

)

 

 

(2

)

 

 

(374

)

Other comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(23,651

)

 

 

 

 

 

(23,651

)

 

 

(189

)

 

 

(23,840

)

Stock compensation

 

 

183,940

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

2,642

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,644

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,644

 

Issuance of common shares, net

 

 

3,406,000

 

 

 

35

 

 

 

49,729

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

49,764

 

 

 

 

 

 

49,764

 

Repurchase of shares related to equity award tax withholding

 

 

(51,128

)

 

 

(1

)

 

 

(1,489

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,490

)

 

 

 

 

 

(1,490

)

Conversion of noncontrolling interest to common shares

 

 

82,357

 

 

 

 

 

 

627

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

627

 

 

 

(627

)

 

 

-

 

Common dividends declared ($0.18 per share)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(17,148

)

 

 

(17,148

)

 

 

-

 

 

 

(17,148

)

Distribution to noncontrolling interest declared ($0.18 per unit)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(142

)

 

 

(142

)

Balance, March 31, 2020

 

 

94,691,806

 

 

$

947

 

 

$

817,501

 

 

$

(35,750

)

 

$

(159,045

)

 

$

623,653

 

 

$

5,518

 

 

$

629,171

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements

 

6


 

Independence Realty Trust, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(Unaudited and dollars in thousands)

 

 

 

For the Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income

 

$

1,093

 

 

$

(374

)

Adjustments to reconcile net income to cash flow from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

16,552

 

 

 

14,828

 

Amortization of deferred financing costs

 

 

364

 

 

 

361

 

Stock compensation

 

 

3,326

 

 

 

2,627

 

Casualty losses

 

 

359

 

 

 

 

Amortization related to derivative instruments

 

 

302

 

 

 

280

 

Changes in assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other assets

 

 

(90

)

 

 

(875

)

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

 

(1,321

)

 

 

(5,171

)

Accrued interest payable

 

 

(88

)

 

 

(59

)

Other liabilities

 

 

141

 

 

 

67

 

Cash flow provided by operating activities

 

 

20,638

 

 

 

11,684

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Acquisition of real estate properties

 

 

(365

)

 

 

(50,598

)

Capital expenditures

 

 

(6,916

)

 

 

(8,572

)

Cash flow used in investing activities

 

 

(7,281

)

 

 

(59,170

)

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from unsecured credit facility and term loans

 

 

9,500

 

 

 

65,501

 

Mortgage principal repayments

 

 

(7,918

)

 

 

(1,843

)

Payments for deferred financing costs

 

 

 

 

 

(50

)

Proceeds from issuance of common stock, net

 

 

(59

)

 

 

49,764

 

Distributions on common stock

 

 

(12,450

)

 

 

(16,493

)

Distributions to noncontrolling interests

 

 

(81

)

 

 

(160

)

Repurchase of shares related to equity award tax withholding

 

 

(2,862

)

 

 

(1,490

)

Cash flow (used in) provided by financing activities

 

 

(13,870

)

 

 

95,229

 

Net change in cash and cash equivalents, and restricted cash

 

 

(513

)

 

 

47,743

 

Cash and cash equivalents, and restricted cash, beginning of period

 

 

13,615

 

 

 

14,433

 

Cash and cash equivalents, and restricted cash, end of the period

 

$

13,102

 

 

$

62,176

 

Reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash to the Consolidated Balance Sheet

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

8,653

 

 

$

57,436

 

Restricted cash

 

 

4,449

 

 

 

4,740

 

Total cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash, end of period

 

$

13,102

 

 

$

62,176

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

.

 

 

 

7


 

 

Independence Realty Trust, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

As of March 31, 2021

(Unaudited and dollars in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

 

NOTE 1: Organization

 

Independence Realty Trust, Inc. (“IRT”), is a self-administered and self-managed Maryland real estate investment trust (“REIT”) which was formed on March 26, 2009.  Our primary purposes are to acquire, own, operate, improve and manage multifamily apartment communities in non-gateway markets. As of March 31, 2021, we owned and operated 56 multifamily apartment properties, that contain 15,667 units across non-gateway U.S markets, including Atlanta, Dallas, Louisville, Memphis, and Raleigh. We own all of our assets and conduct substantially all of our operations through Independence Realty Operating Partnership, LP (“IROP”), of which we are the sole general partner. As of March 31, 2021, IRT owned 99.3% interest in IROP. The remaining 0.7% consists of common units of limited partnership interest issued to third parties in exchange for contributions of properties to IROP.  

 

   As used herein, the terms “we,” “our” and “us” refer to Independence Realty Trust, Inc. and, as required by context, IROP and their subsidiaries.

 

NOTE 2: Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

a. Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited interim consolidated financial statements have been prepared by management in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (“GAAP”). Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in annual consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations, although we believe that the included disclosures are adequate to make the information presented not misleading. The unaudited interim consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with our audited financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2020 included in our 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K. In the opinion of management, all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments, necessary to present fairly our consolidated financial position and consolidated results of operations and cash flows are included. The results of operations for the interim periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the results for the full year.

b. Principles of Consolidation

The consolidated financial statements reflect our accounts and the accounts of IROP and its subsidiaries. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.  Pursuant to the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the “FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification Topic 810, “Consolidation”, IROP is considered a variable interest entity as to which we are the primary beneficiary.  As IRT’s only material asset is its equity interest in IROP, substantially all of our assets and liabilities represent the assets and liabilities of IROP.

c. Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting periods. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

d. Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents include cash held in banks and highly liquid investments with maturities of three months or less when purchased.  Cash, including amounts restricted, may at times exceed the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation deposit insurance limit of $250 per institution.  We mitigate credit risk by placing cash and cash equivalents with major financial institutions.  To date, we have not experienced any losses on cash and cash equivalents.

8


 

e. Restricted Cash

Restricted cash includes funds in escrow held by lenders to fund certain expenditures, such as real estate taxes and insurance, or to be released at our discretion upon the occurrence of certain pre-specified events.  As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, we had $4,449 and $4,864, respectively, of restricted cash.

f. Investments in Real Estate

Investments in real estate are recorded at cost less accumulated depreciation. Costs that both add value and appreciably extend the useful life of an asset are capitalized. Expenditures for repairs and maintenance are expensed as incurred.

Investments in real estate are classified as held for sale in the period in which certain criteria are met including when the sale of the asset is probable and actions required to complete the plan of sale indicate that it is unlikely that significant changes to the plan of sale will be made or the plan of sale will be withdrawn.

Allocation of Purchase Price of Acquired Assets

The properties we acquire are generally accounted for as asset acquisitions. Under asset acquisition accounting, the costs to acquire real estate, including transaction costs related to the acquisition, are accumulated and then allocated to the individual assets and liabilities acquired based upon their relative fair value.  Transaction costs and fees incurred related to the financing of an acquisition are capitalized and amortized over the life of the related financing.

We estimate the fair value of acquired tangible assets (consisting of land, building and improvements), identified intangible assets (consisting of in-place leases), and assumed debt at the date of acquisition, based on the evaluation of information and estimates available at that date.

The aggregate value of in-place leases is determined by evaluating various factors, including the terms of the leases that are in place and assumed lease-up periods. The value assigned to in-place lease assets is amortized over the assumed lease up period, typically six months. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, we did not acquire any in-place leases. For the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, we recorded $396 and $371, respectively, of amortization expense for intangible assets. For the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, we wrote-off fully amortized intangible assets of $0 and $447, respectively. As of March 31, 2021, we expect to record additional amortization expense on current in-place intangible assets of $396 for the remainder of 2021.  

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

Management evaluates the recoverability of our investment in real estate assets, including related identifiable intangible assets, in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 360, “Property, Plant and Equipment”. This statement requires that long-lived assets be reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that recoverability of the assets is not assured.

Management reviews our long-lived assets on an ongoing basis and evaluates the recoverability of the carrying value when there is an indicator of impairment. An impairment charge is recorded when it is determined that the carrying value of the asset exceeds the fair value. The estimated cash flows used for the impairment analysis and the determination of estimated fair value are based on our plans for the respective assets and our views of market and economic conditions. The estimates consider matters such as current and historical rental rates, occupancies for the respective and/or comparable properties, and recent sales data for comparable properties. Changes in estimated future cash flows due to changes in our plans or views of market and economic conditions could result in recognition of impairment losses, which, under the applicable accounting guidance, could be substantial.

Depreciation Expense

Depreciation expense for real estate assets is computed using a straight-line method based on a life of 40 years for buildings and improvements and five to ten years for equipment and fixtures. For the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, we recorded $16,156 and $14,457 of depreciation expense, respectively. For the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, we wrote-off fully depreciated fixed assets of $1,506 and $0, respectively.

Casualty Loss

Occasionally, we incur losses at our communities from wind storms, floods, fires and similar hazards. A portion of these losses are not covered by our insurance policies due to deductibles. In these cases, we estimate the carrying value of the damaged property and record a casualty loss for the difference between the estimated carrying value and the insurance proceeds. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, we incurred $359 of casualty losses.

9


 

g. Revenue and Expenses

 

Rental and other property revenue

 

We apply FASB ASC Topic 842, “Leases” with respect to our accounting for rental income.  We primarily lease apartment units under operating leases generally with terms of one year or less. Rental payments are generally due monthly and rental revenues are recognized on an accrual basis when earned.  We have elected to account for lease (i.e. fixed payments including base rent) and non-lease components (i.e. tenant reimbursements and certain other service fees) as a single combined operating lease component since (1) the timing and pattern of transfer of the lease and non-lease components is the same, (2) the lease component is the predominant element, and (3) the combined single lease component would be classified as an operating lease.

 

We make ongoing estimates of the collectability of our base rents, tenant reimbursements, and other service fees included within rental and other property revenue.  If collectability is not probable, we adjust rental and other property income for the amount of uncollectible revenue.

 

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, some of our residents have experienced difficulty making rent payments and, as a result, our rent receivables have increased compared to historical levels. This caused us to further evaluate collectability and we recorded a $47 provision for bad debts during the three months ended March 31, 2021 to appropriately reflect management’s estimate for uncollectible accounts. The provision for bad debts was recorded as a reduction to rental and other property income in our consolidated statements of operations. The total adjustment to rental and other property income for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 were $433 and $337, respectively.

 

To support our residents that were economically impacted and unable to pay their rent in full during 2020, we offered residents deferred rent payment plans whereby the resident could defer between 25% and 75% of their monthly rent for between one and three months. Residents were required to provide evidence of financial hardship and commit to a full 12-month lease term, which provided a longer period over which the deferred rent could be repaid. We accounted for the deferred payment plans as if no change had been made to the original lease agreement and continued to recognize rental income while increasing lease receivables from residents. As of March 31, 2021, deferred rents receivable from residents totaled $41.

For the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, we recognized gains of $23 and $3, respectively, related to recoveries of lost rental revenue due to natural disasters and other insurable events from our insurance providers.

Advertising Expenses

For the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, we incurred $544 and $608 of advertising expenses, respectively.

h. Derivative Instruments

We may use derivative financial instruments to hedge all or a portion of the interest rate risk associated with our borrowings. The principal objective of such arrangements is to minimize the risks and/or costs associated with our operating and financial structure, as well as to hedge specific anticipated transactions. While these instruments may impact our periodic cash flows, they benefit us by minimizing the risks and/or costs previously described.  The counterparties to these contractual arrangements are major financial institutions with which we and our affiliates may also have other financial relationships. In the event of nonperformance by the counterparties, we are potentially exposed to credit loss. However, because of the high credit ratings of the counterparties, we do not anticipate that any of the counterparties will fail to meet their obligations.

In accordance with FASB ASC Topic 815, “Derivatives and Hedging”, we measure each derivative instrument at fair value and record such amounts in our consolidated balance sheets as either an asset or liability.  For derivatives designated as cash flow hedges, the changes in the fair value of the effective portions of the derivative are reported in other comprehensive income and changes in the fair value of the ineffective portions of cash flow hedges, if any, are recognized in earnings.  For derivatives not designated as hedges (or designated as fair value hedges), the changes in fair value of the derivative instrument are recognized in earnings.  Any derivatives that we designate in hedge relationships are done so at inception.  At inception, we determine whether or not the derivative is highly effective in offsetting changes in the designated interest rate risk associated with the identified indebtedness using regression analysis.  At each reporting period, we update our regression analysis and use the hypothetical derivative method to measure any ineffectiveness.

10


 

 

i. Fair Value of Financial Instruments

In accordance with FASB ASC Topic 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures”, fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. Where available, fair value is based on observable market prices or parameters or derived from such prices or parameters. Where observable prices or inputs are not available, valuation models are applied. These valuation techniques involve management estimation and judgment, the degree of which is dependent on the price transparency for the instruments or market and the instruments’ complexity for disclosure purposes. Assets and liabilities recorded at fair value in our consolidated balance sheets are categorized based upon the level of judgment associated with the inputs used to measure their value. Hierarchical levels, as defined in FASB ASC Topic 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures” and directly related to the amount of subjectivity associated with the inputs to fair valuations of these assets and liabilities, are as follows:

 

Level 1: Valuations are based on unadjusted, quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities at the measurement date. The types of assets carried at Level 1 fair value generally are equity securities listed in active markets. As such, valuations of these investments do not entail a significant degree of judgment.

 

Level 2: Valuations are based on quoted prices for similar instruments in active markets or quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active or for which all significant inputs are observable, either directly or indirectly.

 

Level 3: Inputs are unobservable for the asset or liability, and include situations where there is little, if any, market activity for the asset or liability. In certain cases, the inputs used to measure fair value may fall into different levels of the fair value hierarchy. In such cases, the level in the fair value hierarchy within which the fair value measurement in its entirety falls has been determined based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement in its entirety. Our assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurement in its entirety requires judgment, and considers factors specific to the asset or liability.

The availability of observable inputs can vary depending on the financial asset or liability and is affected by a wide variety of factors, including, for example, the type of investment, whether the investment is new, whether the investment is traded on an active exchange or in the secondary market, and the current market condition. To the extent that valuation is based on models or inputs that are less observable or unobservable in the market, the determination of fair value requires more judgment. Accordingly, the degree of judgment exercised by us in determining fair value is greatest for instruments categorized in Level 3.

Fair value is a market-based measure considered from the perspective of a market participant who holds the asset or owes the liability rather than an entity-specific measure. Therefore, even when market assumptions are not readily available, our own assumptions are set to reflect those that management believes market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability at the measurement date. We use prices and inputs that management believes are current as of the measurement date, including during periods of market dislocation. In periods of market dislocation, the observability of prices and inputs may be reduced for many instruments. This condition could cause an instrument to be transferred from Level 1 to Level 2 or Level 2 to Level 3.

Fair value for certain of our Level 3 financial instruments is derived using internal valuation models. These internal valuation models include discounted cash flow analyses developed by management using current interest rates, estimates of the term of the particular instrument, specific issuer information and other market data for securities without an active market. In accordance with FASB ASC Topic 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures”, the impact of our own credit spreads is also considered when measuring the fair value of financial assets or liabilities, including derivative contracts. Where appropriate, valuation adjustments are made to account for various factors, including bid-ask spreads, credit quality and market liquidity. These adjustments are applied on a consistent basis and are based on observable inputs where available. Management’s estimate of fair value requires significant management judgment and is subject to a high degree of variability based upon market conditions, the availability of specific issuer information and management’s assumptions.

11


 

FASB ASC Topic 825, “Financial Instruments” requires disclosure of the fair value of financial instruments for which it is practicable to estimate that value. Given that cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash are short term in nature with limited fair value volatility, the carrying amount is deemed to be a reasonable approximation of fair value and the fair value input is classified as a Level 1 fair value measurement. The fair value input for the derivatives is classified as a Level 2 fair value measurement within the fair value hierarchy. The fair value inputs for our unsecured credit facility and term loans are classified as Level 2 fair value measurements within the fair value hierarchy. The fair value of mortgage indebtedness is based on a discounted cash flows valuation technique. As this technique utilizes current credit spreads, which are generally unobservable, this is classified as a Level 3 fair value measurement within the fair value hierarchy.  We determine appropriate credit spreads based on the type of debt and its maturity. There were 0 transfers between levels in the fair value hierarchy for the three months ended March 31, 2021. The following table summarizes the carrying amount and the fair value of our financial instruments as of the periods indicated:

 

 

 

As of March 31, 2021

 

 

As of December 31, 2020

 

Financial Instrument

 

Carrying

Amount

 

 

Estimated

Fair Value

 

 

Carrying

Amount

 

 

Estimated

Fair Value

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

8,653

 

 

$

8,653

 

 

$

8,751

 

 

$

8,751

 

Restricted cash

 

 

4,449

 

 

 

4,449

 

 

 

4,864

 

 

 

4,864

 

Derivative assets

 

 

2,810

 

 

 

2,810

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Debt:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unsecured credit facility

 

 

192,782

 

 

 

194,302

 

 

 

183,110

 

 

 

184,802

 

Term loans

 

 

298,846

 

 

 

300,000

 

 

 

298,759

 

 

 

300,000

 

Mortgages

 

 

456,003

 

 

 

470,234

 

 

 

463,817

 

 

 

479,929

 

Derivative liabilities

 

 

19,540

 

 

 

19,540

 

 

 

29,842

 

 

 

29,842

 

 

j. Deferred Financing Costs

Costs incurred in connection with debt financing are deferred and classified within indebtedness and charged to interest expense over the terms of the related debt agreements, under the effective interest method.

k. Office Leases

In accordance with FASB ASC Topic 842, “Leases”, lessees are required to recognize a right-of-use asset and a lease liability on the balance sheet at the lease commencement date for all leases, except those leases with terms of less than a year.  We lease corporate office space under leases with terms of up to 10 years and that may include extension options, but that do not include any residual value guarantees or restrictive covenants. As of March 31, 2021, we have $2,553 of operating lease right-of-use assets and $2,903 of operating lease liabilities related to our corporate office leases. The operating lease right-of-use assets are presented within other assets and the operating lease liabilities are presented within other liabilities in our consolidated balance sheet. We recorded $172 of total operating lease expense during the three months ended March 31, 2021, which is recorded within property management expense and general and administrative expenses in our consolidated statements of operations.    

l. Income Taxes

We have elected to be taxed as a REIT.  Accordingly, we recorded 0 income tax expense for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020.

To qualify as a REIT, we must meet certain organizational and operational requirements, including a requirement to distribute at least 90% of our ordinary taxable income to stockholders.  As a REIT, we generally are not subject to federal income tax on taxable income that we distribute to our stockholders.  If we fail to qualify as a REIT in any taxable year, we will be subject to federal income taxes on our taxable income at regular corporate rates and will not be permitted to qualify for treatment as a REIT for federal income tax purposes for four years following the year during which qualification is lost unless the Internal Revenue Service grants us relief under certain statutory provisions.  Such an event could materially adversely affect our net income and net cash available for distribution to stockholders; however, we believe that we are organized and operate in such a manner as to qualify and maintain treatment as a REIT and intend to operate in such a manner so that we will remain qualified as a REIT for federal income tax purposes.  

12


 

m. Recent Accounting Pronouncements

Below is a brief description of recent accounting pronouncements that could have a material effect on our financial statements.  

Adopted Within these Financial Statements

 In March 2020, the FASB issued an accounting standard classified under FASB ASC Topic 848, “Reference Rate Reform.” The amendments in this update contain practical expedients for reference rate reform related activities that impact debt, leases, derivatives and other contracts. The guidance in ASC 848 is optional and may be elected over time as reference rate reform activities occur. During the first quarter of 2020, we have elected to apply the hedge accounting expedients related to probability and the assessments of effectiveness for future LIBOR-indexed cash flows to assume that the index upon which future hedged transactions will be based matches the index on the corresponding derivatives. Application of these expedients preserves the presentation of derivatives consistent with past presentation.  We will continue to evaluate the impact of the guidance and may apply other elections as applicable as additional changes in the market occur.

 

NOTE 3: Investments in Real Estate

As of March 31, 2021, our investments in real estate consisted of 56 apartment properties that contain 15,667 units.  The following table summarizes our investments in real estate:   

 

 

As of March 31, 2021

 

 

As of

December 31, 2020

 

 

Depreciable Lives

(In years)

 

Land

 

$

251,425

 

 

$

251,365

 

 

 

 

Building

 

 

1,527,535

 

 

 

1,527,535

 

 

 

40

 

Furniture, fixtures and equipment

 

 

143,111

 

 

 

137,870

 

 

5-10

 

Total investment in real estate

 

$

1,922,071

 

 

$

1,916,770

 

 

 

 

 

Accumulated depreciation

 

 

(223,187

)

 

 

(208,618

)

 

 

 

 

Investments in real estate, net

 

$

1,698,884

 

 

$

1,708,152

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NOTE 4: Indebtedness

The following tables contain summary information concerning our indebtedness as of March 31, 2021:

Debt:

 

Outstanding Principal

 

 

Unamortized Debt Issuance Costs

 

 

Carrying Amount

 

 

Type

 

Weighted Average Rate

 

 

Weighted Average Maturity (in years)

 

     Unsecured credit facility (1)

 

$

194,302

 

 

$

(1,520

)

 

$

192,782

 

 

Floating

 

1.6%

 

 

 

2.1

 

Unsecured term loans

 

 

300,000

 

 

 

(1,154

)

 

 

298,846

 

 

Floating

 

1.5%

 

 

 

3.1

 

     Mortgages

 

 

457,173

 

 

 

(1,170

)

 

 

456,003

 

 

Fixed

 

3.8%

 

 

 

3.0

 

Total Debt

 

$

951,475

 

 

$

(3,844

)

 

$

947,631

 

 

 

 

2.6%

 

 

 

2.8

 

 

(1)

The unsecured credit facility total capacity is $350,000, of which $194,302 was outstanding as of March 31, 2021.   

 

On March 1, 2021, we drew down on our unsecured credit facility to extinguish a property mortgage totaling $5,975. The property mortgage had a weighted-average rate of 5.7%.

On April 5, 2021, we drew down on our unsecured credit facility to extinguish a property mortgage and made partial paydowns on other mortgages totaling $13,666. The property mortgages had a weighted-average rate of 4.2%.

 

As of March 31, 2021, we were in compliance with all financial covenants contained in the documents governing our indebtedness.

 

 

Scheduled maturities on or before March 31,

 

Debt:

 

2021

 

 

2022

 

 

2023

 

 

2024

 

 

2025

 

 

Thereafter

 

     Unsecured credit facility

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

194,302

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

     Unsecured term loans

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

300,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     Mortgages

 

 

42,489

 

 

 

66,311

 

 

 

107,056

 

 

 

36,798

 

 

 

161,741

 

 

 

42,778

 

Total

 

$

42,489

 

 

$

66,311

 

 

$

301,358

 

 

$

336,798

 

 

$

161,741

 

 

$

42,778

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

13


 

 

The following table contains summary information concerning our indebtedness as of December 31, 2020:

Debt:

 

Outstanding Principal

 

 

Unamortized Debt Issuance Costs

 

 

Carrying Amount

 

 

Type

 

Weighted

Average Rate

 

 

Weighted

Average

Maturity

(in years)

 

Unsecured credit facility (1)

 

$

184,802

 

 

$

(1,692

)

 

$

183,110

 

 

Floating

 

1.6%

 

 

 

2.4

 

Unsecured term loans

 

 

300,000

 

 

 

(1,241

)

 

 

298,759

 

 

Floating

 

1.5%

 

 

 

3.3

 

Mortgages

 

 

465,092

 

 

 

(1,275

)

 

 

463,817

 

 

Fixed

 

3.9%

 

 

 

3.2

 

Total Debt

 

$

949,894

 

 

$

(4,208

)

 

$

945,686

 

 

 

 

2.7%

 

 

 

3.1

 

 

(1)

The unsecured credit facility total capacity was $350,000, of which $184,802 was outstanding as of December 31, 2020.

 

 

NOTE 5: Derivative Financial Instruments

The following table summarizes the aggregate notional amounts and estimated net fair values of our derivative instruments as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020:

 

 

As of March 31, 2021

 

 

As of December 31, 2020

 

 

 

Notional

 

 

Fair Value of

Assets

 

 

Fair Value of

Liabilities

 

 

Notional

 

 

Fair Value of

Assets

 

 

Fair Value of

Liabilities

 

Cash flow hedges:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest rate swap

 

$

150,000

 

 

$

 

 

 

326

 

 

$

150,000

 

 

$

 

 

$

694

 

Interest rate collars

 

 

250,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

10,570

 

 

 

250,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

13,331

 

Forward interest rate swaps

 

 

 

 

 

2,810

 

 

 

8,644

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

15,817

 

Total

 

$

400,000

 

 

$

2,810

 

 

 

19,540

 

 

$

400,000

 

 

$

 

 

$

29,842

 

Effective interest rate swaps and caps are reported in accumulated other comprehensive income, and the fair value of these hedge agreements is included in other assets or other liabilities.

For our interest rate swap and collars that are considered highly effective hedges, we reclassified realized gains of $1,458 to earnings within interest expense for the three months ended March 31, 2021, and we expect ($8,294) to be reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) into earnings over the next 12 months.

 

NOTE 6: Stockholders’ Equity and Noncontrolling Interests

Stockholders’ Equity

On March 15, 2021, our board of directors declared a dividend of $0.12 per share on our common stock, which was paid on April 23, 2021 to common stockholders of record as of April 2, 2021.

During the three months ended March 31, 2021, we also paid $274 of dividends on restricted common share awards that vested during the period.

On November 13, 2020, we entered into an equity distribution agreement pursuant to which we may from time to time offer and sell shares of our common stock having an aggregate offering price of up to $150,000 (the “ATM Program”) in negotiated transactions or transactions that are deemed to be “at the market” offerings as defined in Rule 415 under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.  Under the ATM Program, we may also enter into one or more forward sale transactions for the sale of shares of our common stock on a forward basis.  The following table summarizes our ATM Program activity, including associated forward sale transactions, since inception.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

During the three months ended

 

Number of Shares Sold

 

 

Current forward price

 

 

Net proceeds

 

 

Expiration Date of Forward Contract

December 31, 2020

 

 

900

 

 

$

13.53

 

 

$

12,177

 

 

December 13, 2021

March 31, 2021

 

 

2,000

 

 

 

14.50

 

 

 

29,000

 

 

March 31, 2022

Total

 

 

2,900

 

 

$

14.20

 

 

$

41,177

 

 

 

 

We evaluated the accounting for the forward sale transactions under FASB ASC Topic 480 “Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity” and FASB ASC Topic 815 “Derivatives and Hedging”.  As the forward sale transactions are considered indexed to our own equity and since they meet the equity classification conditions in ASC 815-40-25, the forward sale transactions have been classified as equity.   

14


 

Noncontrolling Interest

During the three months ended March 31, 2021, 0 IROP unitholders exchanged any units for shares of our common stock or cash. Subsequent to the three months ended March 31, 2021, IROP unit holders exchanged 110,938 units for 110,938 shares of our common stock.

On March 15, 2021, our board of directors declared a dividend of $0.12 per unit, which was paid on April 23, 2021 to IROP LP unitholders of record as of April 2, 2021.

 

NOTE 7: Equity Compensation Plans

Long Term Incentive Plan

In May 2016, our stockholders approved and our board of directors adopted an amended and restated Long Term Incentive Plan (the “Incentive Plan”), which provides for the grants of awards to our directors, employees, officers, and consultants. The Incentive Plan authorizes the grant of time-vested restricted or unrestricted shares of our common stock, performance-based restricted share units (“PSUs”), non-qualified and incentive stock options, restricted stock units (“RSUs”), stock appreciation rights (“SARs”), dividend equivalents and other stock- or cash-based awards. In conjunction with the amendment, the number of shares of common stock issuable under the Incentive Plan was increased to 4,300,000 shares and the term of the incentive plan was extended to May 12, 2026.  

Under the Incentive Plan, we have granted restricted shares, RSUs, and PSUs to our employees.  These awards generally vest or vested over a two- to four-year period.  In addition, we have granted unrestricted shares to our non-employee directors.  These awards generally vest or vested immediately. A summary of restricted common share award and RSU activity is presented below.   

 

2021

 

 

Number of Shares

 

 

Weighted Average Grant Date Fair

Value Per Share

 

Balance, January 1,

 

406,849

 

 

$

11.68

 

Granted

 

171,059

 

 

 

14.01

 

Vested

 

(165,632

)

 

 

11.21

 

Forfeited

 

(9,614

)

 

 

12.33

 

Balance, March 31, (1)

 

402,662

 

 

$

12.84

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1)

The outstanding award balance above included 135,366 and 67,381 RSUs as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.

On February 18, 2021, our compensation committee awarded 254,493 PSUs to our named executive officers. The number of PSUs earned will be based on attainment of certain performance criteria over a three-year period, with the actual number of shares issuable ranging between 0 and 150% of the number of PSUs granted. Half of any PSUs earned will vest, and shares will be issued in respect thereof, immediately following the end of the three-year performance period; the remaining half of any PSUs earned will vest, and shares will be issued in respect thereof, after an additional one-year period of service.

During the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, a portion of the RSUs and PSUs granted were issued to employees who are retirement eligible. The fact that the grantees are retirement eligible resulted in immediate recognition of the associated stock-based compensation expense totaling $2,112 and $1,667, respectively.

15


 

 

NOTE 8: Earnings Per Share

The following table presents a reconciliation of basic and diluted earnings (loss) per share for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020:

 

 

For the Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

Net income (loss)

 

$

1,093

 

 

$

(374

)

(Income) loss allocated to noncontrolling interest

 

 

(7

)

 

 

2

 

Net income (loss) allocable to common shares

 

 

1,086

 

 

 

(372

)

Weighted-average shares outstanding—Basic

 

 

101,678,865

 

 

 

90,895,488

 

Weighted-average shares outstanding—Diluted

 

 

102,763,106

 

 

 

90,895,488

 

Earnings per share—Basic

 

$

0.01

 

 

$             0.00

 

Earnings per share—Diluted

 

$

0.01

 

 

$             0.00

 

 

Certain IROP units, restricted stock awards, RSUs, PSUs, and forward sale agreements were excluded from the earnings (loss) per share computation because their effect would have been anti-dilutive, totaling 3,574,515 and 9,009,167 for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

 

NOTE 9: Other Disclosures

 

Risks and Uncertainties

Currently, one of the most significant risks and uncertainties is the duration and scope of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, which has disrupted businesses and slowed economic activity. In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, we have made operational and policy changes to: (1) comply with governmental mandates, including eviction moratoria, on a jurisdiction by jurisdiction basis; (2) protect our employees, residents, and prospective residents; and (3) minimize the adverse financial impact to us. The extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic impacts our business, operations and financial results will depend on numerous evolving factors, many of which are not within management’s control, and that we are unable to predict at this time, including but not limited to: (1) the duration and scope of the pandemic; (2) the pandemic’s impact on current and future economic activity; and (3) the actions of governments, businesses and individuals in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Litigation

We are subject to various legal proceedings and claims that arise in the ordinary course of our business operations. Matters which arise out of allegations of bodily injury, property damage, and employment practices are generally covered by insurance. While the resolution of these matters cannot be predicted with certainty, we currently believe the final outcome of such matters will not have a material adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

Loss Contingencies

We record an accrual for loss contingencies when a loss is probable and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated. Management reviews these accruals quarterly and makes revisions based on changes in facts and circumstances. When a loss contingency is not both probable and reasonably estimable, management does not accrue the loss. However, if the loss (or an additional loss in excess of an earlier accrual) is at least a reasonable possibility and material, then management discloses a reasonable estimate of the possible loss, or range of loss, if such reasonable estimate can be made. If we cannot make a reasonable estimate of the possible loss, or range of loss, then a statement to that effect is disclosed.

 

 


16


 

 

 

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Forward-Looking Statements

The Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), encourages companies to disclose forward-looking information so that investors can better understand a company’s future prospects and make informed investment decisions. This report contains or incorporates by reference such “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.

Words such as “anticipates,” “estimates,” “expects,” “projects,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes” and words and terms of similar substance used in connection with any discussion of future operating or financial performance identify forward-looking statements.

We claim the protection of the safe harbor for forward-looking statements provided in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements may be made directly in this report and they may also be incorporated by reference in this report to other documents filed with the SEC, and include, without limitation, statements about future financial and operating results and performance, statements about our plans, objectives, expectations and intentions with respect to future operations, products and services, and other statements that are not historical facts. These forward-looking statements are based upon the current beliefs and expectations of our management and are inherently subject to significant business, economic and competitive uncertainties and contingencies, many of which are difficult to predict and generally beyond our control. In addition, these forward-looking statements are subject to assumptions with respect to future business strategies and decisions that are subject to change. Actual results may differ materially from the anticipated results discussed in these forward-looking statements.

The risk factors discussed and identified in Item 1A of our 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K and in Part II, Item 1A of this Quarterly Report, and in other of our public filings with the SEC, among others, could cause actual results to differ materially from the anticipated results or other expectations expressed in the forward-looking statements. We caution you not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this Quarterly Report. All subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements attributable to us or any person acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements contained or referred to in this section. Except to the extent required by applicable law or regulation, we undertake no obligation to update these forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this Quarterly Report or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.

Overview

Our Company

We are a self-administered and self-managed Maryland real estate investment trust (“REIT”), that acquires, owns, operates, improves and manages multifamily apartment communities across non-gateway U.S. markets.  As of March 31, 2021, we owned and operated 56 multifamily apartment properties that contain 15,667 units. Our properties are located in Georgia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Kentucky, Ohio, Oklahoma, Indiana, Texas, Florida, South Carolina, Missouri, and Alabama. We do not have any foreign operations and our business is not seasonal. Our executive offices are located at 1835 Market Street, Suite 2601, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19103 and our telephone number is (267) 270-4800. We have offices in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and Chicago, Illinois.

 

Our Business Objective and Investment Strategies

 

Our primary business objective is to maximize stockholder value through diligent portfolio management, strong operational performance, and a consistent return of capital through distributions and capital appreciation.  Our investment strategy is focused on the following:

 

 

gaining scale within key amenity rich submarkets of non-gateway cities that offer good school districts, high-quality retail and major employment centers and are unlikely to experience substantial new apartment construction in the foreseeable future;

 

 

increasing cash flows at our existing apartment properties through prudent property management and strategic renovation projects; and

 

17


 

 

 

acquiring additional properties that have strong and stable occupancies and support a rise in rental rates or that have the potential for repositioning through capital expenditures or tailored management strategies.

 

Property Portfolio 

As of March 31, 2021, we owned 56 multifamily apartment properties, totaling 15,667 units.  Below is a summary of our property portfolio by market.  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Dollars in thousands, except per unit data)

 

As of March 31, 2021

 

 

For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2021

 

Market

 

Number of Properties

 

 

Units

 

 

Gross Real

Estate

Assets

 

 

Period End

Occupancy

 

 

Average

Effective

Monthly Rent

per Unit

 

 

Net Operating

Income

 

 

% of NOI

 

Atlanta, GA

 

 

6

 

 

 

2,020

 

 

$

262,107

 

 

 

96.2

%

 

$

1,243

 

 

$

5,083

 

 

 

14.9

%

Raleigh - Durham, NC

 

 

6

 

 

 

1,690

 

 

 

246,802

 

 

 

95.9

%

 

 

1,207

 

 

 

4,215

 

 

 

12.4

%

Memphis, TN

 

 

4

 

 

 

1,383

 

 

 

149,703

 

 

 

97.3

%

 

 

1,207

 

 

 

3,315

 

 

 

9.7

%

Louisville, KY

 

 

6

 

 

 

1,710

 

 

 

202,289

 

 

 

92.7

%

 

 

1,020

 

 

 

3,144

 

 

 

9.2

%

Columbus, OH

 

 

6

 

 

 

1,547

 

 

 

157,729

 

 

 

95.0

%

 

 

1,082

 

 

 

2,812

 

 

 

8.3

%

Tampa-St. Petersburg, FL

 

 

4

 

 

 

1,104

 

 

 

182,026

 

 

 

92.9

%

 

 

1,308

 

 

 

2,492

 

 

 

7.3

%

Dallas, TX

 

 

4

 

 

 

985

 

 

 

140,505

 

 

 

95.3

%

 

 

1,316

 

 

 

2,143

 

 

 

6.3

%

Oklahoma City, OK

 

 

5

 

 

 

1,658

 

 

 

79,516

 

 

 

96.9

%

 

 

703

 

 

 

2,098

 

 

 

6.2

%

Huntsville, AL

 

 

2

 

 

 

599

 

 

 

33,657

 

 

 

98.0

%

 

 

1,275

 

 

 

1,855

 

 

 

5.5

%

Indianapolis, IN

 

 

4

 

 

 

916

 

 

 

110,057

 

 

 

97.2

%

 

 

1,070

 

 

 

1,788

 

 

 

5.3

%

Myrtle Beach, SC - Wilmington, NC

 

 

3

 

 

 

628

 

 

 

91,977

 

 

 

94.6

%

 

 

1,058

 

 

 

1,343

 

 

 

3.9

%

Charleston, SC

 

 

2

 

 

 

518

 

 

 

64,953

 

 

 

95.0

%

 

 

1,320

 

 

 

1,210

 

 

 

3.6

%

Orlando, FL

 

 

1

 

 

 

297

 

 

 

80,246

 

 

 

95.6

%

 

 

1,438

 

 

 

756

 

 

 

2.2

%

Charlotte, NC

 

 

1

 

 

 

208

 

 

 

49,194

 

 

 

95.7

%

 

 

1,519

 

 

 

708

 

 

 

2.1

%

Asheville, NC

 

 

1

 

 

 

252

 

 

 

42,325

 

 

 

96.8

%

 

 

1,148

 

 

 

625

 

 

 

1.8

%

St. Louis, MO

 

 

1

 

 

 

152

 

 

 

28,985

 

 

 

97.4

%

 

 

1,467

 

 

 

443

 

 

 

1.3

%

Total/Weighted Average

 

 

56

 

 

 

15,667

 

 

$

1,922,071

 

 

 

95.5

%

 

$

1,142

 

 

$

34,030

 

 

 

100.0

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As of March 31, 2021, our same-store portfolio consisted of 54 multifamily apartment properties, totaling 14,995 units.  See “Non-GAAP Financial Measures – Same Store Portfolio Net Operating Income” below for our definition of same store and definitions and reconciliations related to our net operating income and net operating income margin. 

COVID-19 Pandemic

In 2020, the outbreak of COVID-19 disrupted businesses and slowed economic activity. We were and continue to be impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic and, in response, made numerous operational and policy changes to: (1) comply with governmental mandates on a jurisdiction by jurisdiction basis; (2) protect our employees, residents, and prospective residents; and (3) minimize the financial impact to us.

 

In 2021, we continue to manage our business in response to the COVID-19 pandemic by seeking to maintain occupancy levels and by maximizing collections while supporting residents impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic.  Our support of residents included entering into 278 deferred payment plans, mostly during 2020, under which residents deferred $0.5 million of rent payments.  As of March 31, 2021, there were 104 active deferred payment plans remaining with $0.1 million of deferred rent receivables outstanding.  

 

Value Add

Value add initiatives, comprised of renovations and upgrades at selected communities to drive increased rental rates, remain a core component of our longer-term growth strategy. As of March 31, 2021, we had identified 7,076 units across 23 properties for renovations and upgrades as part of our value add initiative. During 2020, we temporarily paused projects at 1,864 units due to the COVID-19 pandemic and expect to resume renovations and upgrades at these properties in 2021. These changes reflect the flexibility of our value add program and allowed us to build occupancy. As of March 31, 2021, we had incurred an aggregate of $13.0 million in renovation costs at 3,861 of the 7,076 units and achieved a return on our total renovation costs for these units of 16.1% (and approximately 18.5% on the interior portion of such renovation costs).  We expect to complete the remaining value add projects at the selected communities throughout 2021 and 2022.  


18


 

 

Forward Sale Agreements

On November 13, 2020, we entered into an equity distribution agreement pursuant to which we may from time to time offer and sell shares of our common stock having an aggregate offering price of up to $150.0 million (the “ATM Program”) in negotiated transactions or transactions that are deemed to be “at the market” offerings as defined in Rule 415 under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”).  Under the ATM Program, we may also enter into one or more forward sale transactions for the sale of shares of our common stock on a forward basis. The following table summarizes our ATM Program activity, including associated forward sale transactions, since inception.

(Dollars in thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

During the three months ended

 

Number of Shares Sold

 

 

Current forward price

 

 

Net proceeds

 

 

Expiration Date of Forward Contract

December 31, 2020

 

 

900

 

 

$

13.53

 

 

$

12,177

 

 

December 13, 2021

March 31, 2021

 

 

2,000

 

 

 

14.50

 

 

 

29,000

 

 

March 31, 2022

Total

 

 

2,900

 

 

$

14.20

 

 

$

41,177

 

 

 

 

Results of Operations

Three Months Ended March 31, 2021 compared to the Three Months Ended March 31, 2020

 

 

 

SAME STORE PROPERTIES

 

 

NON SAME STORE PROPERTIES

 

 

CONSOLIDATED

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

Increase (Decrease)

 

 

% Change

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

Increase (Decrease)

 

 

% Change

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

Increase (Decrease)

 

 

% Change

 

Property Data:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Number of properties

 

54

 

 

54

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

4

 

 

 

(2

)

 

 

-50.0

%

 

56

 

 

58

 

 

 

(2

)

 

 

-3.4

%

Number of units

 

 

14,995

 

 

 

14,995

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

672

 

 

 

810

 

 

 

(138

)

 

 

-17.0

%

 

 

15,667

 

 

 

15,805

 

 

 

(138

)

 

 

-0.9

%

Average occupancy

 

 

95.3

%

 

 

92.7

%

 

 

2.6

%

 

n/a

 

 

 

96.8

%

 

 

89.9

%

 

 

6.9

%

 

n/a

 

 

 

95.4

%

 

 

92.5

%

 

 

2.8

%

 

n/a

 

Average effective monthly rent, per unit

 

 

1,129

 

 

 

1,097

 

 

 

32

 

 

 

2.9

%

 

 

1,441

 

 

 

1,147

 

 

 

294

 

 

 

25.6

%

 

 

1,142

 

 

 

1,100

 

 

 

42

 

 

 

3.8

%

Revenue:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rental and other property revenue

 

 

51,878

 

 

 

49,121

 

 

 

2,757

 

 

 

5.6

%

 

 

2,933

 

 

 

2,035

 

 

 

898

 

 

 

44.1

%

 

$

54,811

 

 

$

51,156

 

 

$

3,655

 

 

 

7.1

%

Expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Property operating expenses

 

 

19,955

 

 

 

18,791

 

 

 

1,164

 

 

 

6.2

%

 

 

883

 

 

 

946

 

 

 

(63

)

 

 

-6.7

%

 

$

20,838

 

 

$

19,737

 

 

 

1,101

 

 

 

5.6

%

Net Operating Income

 

 

31,923

 

 

 

30,330

 

 

 

1,593

 

 

 

5.3

%

 

 

2,050

 

 

 

1,089

 

 

 

961

 

 

 

88.2

%

 

$

33,973

 

 

$

31,419

 

 

$

2,554

 

 

 

8.1

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other Revenue:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other revenue

 

 

$

301

 

 

$

194

 

 

$

107

 

 

 

55.2

%

Corporate and other expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Property management expenses

 

 

$

1,943

 

 

$

2,156

 

 

 

(213

)

 

 

-9.9

%

General and administrative expenses

 

 

$

5,942

 

 

$

5,376

 

 

 

566

 

 

 

10.5

%

Depreciation and amortization expense

 

 

$

16,552

 

 

$

14,828

 

 

 

1,724

 

 

 

11.6

%

Abandoned deal costs

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

130

 

 

 

(130

)

 

 

-100.0

%

Casualty losses

 

 

$

359

 

 

$

-

 

 

 

359

 

 

nm

 

Total corporate and other expenses

 

 

$

24,796

 

 

$

22,490

 

 

 

2,306

 

 

 

10.3

%

Interest expense

 

 

$

(8,385

)

 

$

(9,497

)

 

 

1,112

 

 

 

11.7

%

Net income

 

 

$

1,093

 

 

$

(374

)

 

 

1,467

 

 

 

392.2

%

Income allocated to noncontrolling interests

 

 

$

(7

)

 

$

2

 

 

 

(9

)

 

 

-450.0

%

Net income available to common shares

 

 

$

1,086

 

 

$

(372

)

 

$

1,458

 

 

 

391.9

%

Revenue

Rental and other property revenue. Revenue from rental and other property revenue of the consolidated portfolio increased $3.6 million to $54.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 from $51.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020. The increase was primarily attributable to a $2.8 million increase in same store rental and other property revenue driven by a 2.6% increase in average occupancy and a 2.9% increase in average effective monthly rents compared to the prior year period. In addition, there was a $0.8 million increase in non-same store rental and other property revenue primarily driven by our recent property acquisitions having a higher average effective rent per unit and higher occupancy than recent property dispositions.  

 


19


 

 

Expenses

Property operating expenses. Property operating expenses increased $1.1 million to $20.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 from $19.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020. The increase was primarily due to a $1.2 million increase in same store property operating expenses, primarily due to an increase in real estate taxes and property insurance.

 

Property management expenses. Property management expenses decreased $0.3 million to $1.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 from $2.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020. This decrease was primarily due to lower personnel costs and lower professional fees compared to the prior year.

General and administrative expenses. General and administrative expenses increased $0.5 million to $5.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 from $5.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020. This increase was primarily due to a $0.6 million increase in stock based compensation expense driven by our higher stock price and a higher volatility assumption used in valuing the performance share units awarded during the three months ended March 31, 2021.

Depreciation and amortization expense. Depreciation and amortization expense increased $1.8 million to $16.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 from $14.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020. The increase was primarily attributable to a $1.0 million increase in depreciation expense at our value add properties for the three months ended March 31, 2021 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2020 and $0.7 million in depreciation expense for properties acquired since the prior year.

Casualty losses. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, we incurred $0.4 million in casualty losses due to severe snow storms at our Texas and Oklahoma properties.

Interest expense. Interest expense decreased $1.1 million to $8.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 from $9.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020. The decrease was primarily due to lower interest rates during the three months ended March 31, 2021 compared to the three months ended March 31, 2020.

20


 

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

 

Funds from Operations (FFO) and Core Funds from Operations (CFFO)

We believe that FFO and Core FFO (“CFFO”), each of which is a non-GAAP financial measure, are additional appropriate measures of the operating performance of a REIT and us in particular. We compute FFO in accordance with the standards established by the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts (“NAREIT”), as net income or loss allocated to common shares (computed in accordance with GAAP), excluding real estate-related depreciation and amortization expense, gains or losses on sales of real estate and the cumulative effect of changes in accounting principles. While our calculation of FFO is in accordance with NAREIT’s definition, it may differ from the methodology for calculating FFO utilized by other REITs and, accordingly, may not be comparable to FFO computations of such other REITs.

We updated our definition of CFFO during the three months ended March 31, 2021 to the definition described below. All prior periods have been adjusted to conform to the current CFFO definition.  

CFFO is a computation made by analysts and investors to measure a real estate company’s operating performance by removing the effect of items that do not reflect ongoing property operations, including depreciation and amortization of other items not included in FFO, and other non-cash or non-operating gains or losses related to items such as casualty losses, abandoned deal costs and debt extinguishment costs from the determination of FFO.

Our calculation of CFFO may differ from the methodology used for calculating CFFO by other REITs and, accordingly, our CFFO may not be comparable to CFFO reported by other REITs. Our management utilizes FFO and CFFO as measures of our operating performance, and believe they are also useful to investors, because they facilitate an understanding of our operating performance after adjustment for certain non-cash or non-recurring items that are required by GAAP to be expensed but may not necessarily be indicative of current operating performance and our operating performance between periods. Furthermore, although FFO, CFFO and other supplemental performance measures are defined in various ways throughout the REIT industry, we believe that FFO and CFFO may provide us and our investors with an additional useful measure to compare our financial performance to certain other REITs. Neither FFO nor CFFO is equivalent to net income or cash generated from operating activities determined in accordance with GAAP. Furthermore, FFO and CFFO do not represent amounts available for management’s discretionary use because of needed capital replacement or expansion, debt service obligations or other commitments or uncertainties. Accordingly, FFO and CFFO do not measure whether cash flow is sufficient to fund all of our cash needs, including principal amortization and capital improvements. Neither FFO nor CFFO should be considered as an alternative to net income or any other GAAP measurement as an indicator of our operating performance or as an alternative to cash flow from operating, investing, and financing activities as a measure of our liquidity.

Set forth below is a reconciliation of net income (loss) to FFO and CFFO for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 (in thousands, except share and per share information):

  

 

 

For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2021

 

 

For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2020

 

 

 

Amount

 

 

Per Share (1)

 

 

Amount

 

 

Per Share (2)

 

Funds From Operations (FFO):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

 

$

1,093

 

 

$

0.01

 

 

$

(374

)

 

$

0.00

 

Adjustments:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Real estate depreciation and amortization

 

 

16,472

 

 

 

0.16

 

 

 

14,725

 

 

 

0.16

 

FFO

 

$

17,565

 

 

$

0.17

 

 

$

14,351

 

 

$

0.16

 

Core Funds From Operations (CFFO):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FFO

 

$

17,565

 

 

$

0.17

 

 

$

14,351

 

 

$

0.16

 

Adjustments:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other depreciation and amortization

 

 

80

 

 

 

 

 

 

103

 

 

 

 

Casualty losses

 

 

359

 

 

 

0.01

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Abandoned deal costs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

130

 

 

 

 

CFFO

 

$

18,004

 

 

$

0.18

 

 

$

14,584

 

 

$

0.16

 

 

(1)

Based on 102,353,380 weighted-average shares and units outstanding for the three months ended March 31, 2021.

 

(2)

Based on 91,737,113 weighted-average shares and units outstanding for the three months ended March 31, 2020.


21


 

 

Same Store Portfolio Net Operating Income

We believe that Net Operating Income (“NOI”), a non-GAAP financial measure, is an additional useful supplemental measure of our operating performance. We define NOI as total property revenues less total property operating expenses, excluding interest expenses, depreciation and amortization, casualty related costs, property management expenses, and general and administrative expenses. Other REITs may use different methodologies for calculating NOI, and accordingly, our NOI may not be comparable to other REITs. We believe that this measure provides an operating perspective not immediately apparent from operating income and net income as determined in accordance with GAAP. We use NOI to evaluate our performance on a same store and non-same store basis because NOI measures the core operations of property performance by excluding corporate level expenses, financing expenses, and other items not related to property operating performance and captures trends in rental housing and property operating expenses. However, NOI should only be used as an alternative supplemental measure of our financial performance.

We review our same store properties or portfolio at the beginning of each calendar year.  Properties are added into the same store portfolio if they were owned at the beginning of the previous year.  Properties that have been sold or are classified as held for sale are excluded from the same store portfolio.

Set forth below is a reconciliation of same store net operating income to net income (loss) available to common shares for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 (in thousands, except per unit data):

 

Three Months Ended March 31, (a)

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

% change

 

Revenue:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rental and other property revenue

$

51,878

 

 

$

49,121

 

 

 

5.6

%

Property Operating Expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Real estate taxes

 

6,457

 

 

 

6,018

 

 

 

7.3

%

Property insurance

 

1,188

 

 

 

916

 

 

 

29.7

%

Personnel expenses

 

4,593

 

 

 

4,464

 

 

 

2.9

%

Utilities

 

2,920

 

 

 

2,793

 

 

 

4.5

%

Repairs and maintenance

 

1,653

 

 

 

1,547

 

 

 

6.9

%

Contract services

 

2,029

 

 

 

1,849

 

 

 

9.7

%

Advertising expenses

 

525

 

 

 

532

 

 

 

-1.3

%

Other expenses

 

590

 

 

 

672

 

 

 

-12.2

%

Total property operating expenses

 

19,955

 

 

 

18,791

 

 

 

6.2

%

Net operating income

$

31,923

 

 

$

30,330

 

 

 

5.3

%

NOI Margin

 

61.5

%

 

 

61.7

%

 

 

-0.2

%

Average Occupancy

 

95.3

%

 

 

92.7

%

 

 

2.6

%

Average effective monthly rent, per unit

$

1,129

 

 

$

1,097

 

 

 

2.9

%

Reconciliation of Same-Store Net Operating Income to Net Income (Loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Same-store portfolio net operating income (a)

$

31,923

 

 

$

30,330

 

 

 

 

 

Non same-store net operating income

 

2,050

 

 

 

1,089

 

 

 

 

 

Other revenue

 

301

 

 

 

194

 

 

 

 

 

Property management expenses

 

(1,943

)

 

 

(2,156

)

 

 

 

 

General and administrative expenses

 

(5,942

)

 

 

(5,376

)

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

(16,552

)

 

 

(14,828

)

 

 

 

 

Abandoned deal costs

 

 

 

 

(130

)

 

 

 

 

Casualty losses

 

(359

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest expense

 

(8,385

)

 

 

(9,497

)

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

$

1,093

 

 

$

(374

)

 

 

 

 

 

(a)

Same store portfolio included 54 properties containing 14,995 units.


22


 

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Liquidity is a measure of our ability to meet potential cash requirements, including ongoing commitments to repay borrowings, fund and maintain investments, pay distributions and other general business needs.  We believe our available cash balances, financing arrangements and cash flows from operations will be sufficient to fund our liquidity requirements with respect to our existing portfolio for the next twelve months and the foreseeable future.

Our primary cash requirements are to:

 

make investments and fund the associated costs, including expenditures to continue our value add initiatives to improve the quality and performance of our properties;

 

repay our indebtedness;

 

fund recurring maintenance necessary to maintain our properties;

 

pay our operating expenses; and

 

distribute a minimum of 90% of our REIT taxable income (determined without regard to the deduction for dividends paid and excluding net capital gain) and to make investments in a manner that enables us to maintain our qualification as a REIT.

We intend to meet our liquidity requirements primarily through a combination of one or more of the following:

 

the use of our cash and cash equivalents of $8.7 million as of March 31, 2021;

 

existing and future unsecured financing, including advances under our unsecured credit facility, and financing secured directly or indirectly by the apartment properties in our portfolio;

 

cash generated from operating activities;

 

net cash proceeds from property sales, including sales undertaken as part of our capital recycling strategy and other sales; and

 

proceeds from the sales of our common stock and other equity securities, including common stock that may be sold under our ATM Program and/or issued on a forward basis.

Cash Flows

As of March 31, 2021 and 2020, we maintained cash and cash equivalents, and restricted cash of approximately $13.1 million and $62.1 million, respectively. Our cash and cash equivalents were generated from the following activities (dollars in thousands):

 

 

 

For the Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

Cash flow from operating activities

 

$

20,638

 

 

$

11,684

 

Cash flow from investing activities

 

 

(7,281

)

 

 

(59,170

)

Cash flow from financing activities

 

 

(13,870

)

 

 

95,229

 

Net change in cash and cash equivalents, and restricted cash

 

 

(513

)

 

 

47,743

 

Cash and cash equivalents, and restricted cash, beginning of period

 

 

13,615

 

 

 

14,433

 

Cash and cash equivalents, and restricted cash, end of the period

 

$

13,102

 

 

$

62,176

 

Our cash inflow from operating activities during the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 were primarily driven by ongoing operations of our properties.  

Our cash outflow from investing activities during the three months ended March 31, 2021 was primarily due to our capital expenditures. Our cash outflow from investing activities during the three months ended March 31, 2020 was primarily due to a property acquisition and our capital expenditures.

Our cash outflow from financing activities during the three months ended March 31, 2021 was primarily due to the distribution of dividends of our common stock. Our cash inflow from financing activities during the three months ended March 31, 2020 was primarily due to $65.5 million of draws on our unsecured credit facility and a $50.0 million settlement on our forward sale agreements, partially offset by the distribution of dividends of our common stock.

23


 

Contractual Commitments

Our 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K includes a table of contractual commitments. There were no material changes to these commitments since the filing of our Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

There were no off-balance sheet arrangements during the three months ended March 31, 2021 that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources that are material to our interests.

Critical Accounting Estimates and Policies

Our 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K contains a discussion of our critical accounting policies. Management discusses our critical accounting policies and management’s judgments and estimates with the audit committee of our board of directors. There were no material changes to our critical accounting policies since the filing of our Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

Item 3.

Qualitative and Quantitative Disclosure About Market Risk.

Our 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K contains a discussion of qualitative and quantitative market risks. There have been no material changes in quantitative and qualitative market risks during the three months ended March 31, 2021 from the disclosures included in our 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures.

Disclosure Controls and Procedures

We maintain disclosure controls and procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed in our reports under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act, is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.  

Effective as of March 31, 2021, we carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures.  Based on that evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that the disclosure controls and procedures are effective to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in our Exchange Act filings is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms.

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting identified in connection with the evaluation referred to above during the quarter ended March 31, 2021 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

 

PART II—OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1.

We are subject to various legal proceedings and claims that arise in the ordinary course of our business operations. Matters which arise out of allegations of bodily injury, property damage, and employment practices are generally covered by insurance. While the resolution of these matters cannot be predicted with certainty, we currently believe the final outcome of such matters will not have a material adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors.

 

There have not been any material changes from the risk factors disclosed in Part 1, Item A of our 2020 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

24


 

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.

During the three months ended March 31, 2021, no IROP unitholders exchanged any units for shares of our common stock or cash.

During the three months ended March 31, 2021, we withheld shares of common stock to satisfy employee tax withholding obligations payable upon the vesting of restricted common stock awards, as follows:

Period

 

Total Number of Shares Purchased

 

 

Price Paid per Share (1)

 

 

Total Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plans or Programs

 

 

Maximum Number (or Approximate Dollar Value) of Shares that May Yet Be Purchased Under the Plans or Programs

 

01/01/2021 to 01/31/2021

 

 

8,537

 

 

$

13.43

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

02/01/2021 to 02/28/2021

 

 

22,649

 

 

 

14.25

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

03/01/2021 to 03/31/2021

 

 

25,491

 

 

 

14.62

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

 

56,677

 

 

$

14.30

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1)

The price reported is the average price paid per share using our closing price on the NYSE on the vesting date of the relevant award.

Item 3.

Defaults Upon Senior Securities.

None.

 

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures.

None.

 

Item 5.

Other Information.

None.

 

Item 6.

Exhibits.

The following exhibits are filed as part of, or incorporated by reference into, this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

 

31.1

 

Certification of the Principal Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, filed herewith.

 

 

 

31.2

 

Certification of the Principal Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, filed herewith.

 

 

 

32.1

 

Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, filed herewith.

 

 

 

32.2

 

Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, filed herewith.

 

 

 

101

 

iXBRL (Inline eXtensible Business Reporting Language). The following materials, formatted in iXBRL: (i) Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, (ii) Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, (iii) Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income (Loss) for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, (iv) Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, (v) Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three months March 31, 2021 and 2020 and (vi) notes to the consolidated financial statements as of March 31, 2021.

 

 

 

104

 

Cover Page Interactive Data File (embedded within the Inline XBRL document).

 

 

 

 

25


 

 

SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

 

 

Independence Realty Trust, Inc.

 

 

 

 

 

Date: April 30, 2021

 

By:

 

/s/ Scott f. Schaeffer 

 

 

 

 

Scott F. Schaeffer

 

 

 

 

Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer

 

 

 

 

(Principal Executive Officer)

 

 

 

 

 

Date: April 30, 2021

 

By:

 

/s/ James J. Sebra

 

 

 

 

James J. Sebra

 

 

 

 

Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer

 

 

 

 

(Principal Financial Officer)

 

 

 

 

 

Date: April 30, 2021

 

By:

 

/s/ Jason R. Delozier

 

 

 

 

Jason R. Delozier

 

 

 

 

Chief Accounting Officer

 

 

 

 

(Principal Accounting Officer)

 

 

 

 

26